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Full text of "Project MKUltra, The CIA's Program of Research in Behavioral Modification"

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ci=riEii 



Central Intelligence Agoicy 




WashingiDTi, D,C, 20505 



5 July 2001 



Mr. John Greenewald, Jr. 




Reference: F-2001-01033 
Dear Mr. Greenewald: 

This acknowledges receipt of your letter dated 20 June 2001 in which 
you request a copy of the document that we sent to you, in part, in response to 
your 24 April 2001 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for records on 
Project Chatter, 

We have enclosed the document you requested. This document, "Joint 
Hearing Before the Select Committee on Intelligence and the Subcommittee on 
Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources US 
Senate," totals 171 pages. However, because fees would be minimal, and as an 
act of administrative discretion, we have determined that no fees will be 
charged for this request. 



I hope you find this information useful. 



Sincerely, 




Kathryn I. Dyer 
Information and Privacy Coordinator 



Enclosure 



MORI DocID: 163357 





PROJECT MKULTRA, THE CIA'S PROGRAM OF 
RESEARCH IN BEHAVIORAL MODIFICATION 



JOINT HEARING 

BEFORK Till: 

SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE 

ATfD TBE 

SUBCOMMITTEE ON 
HEALTH AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 

OP THK 

COMMITTEE OX HUMAN RESOURCES 
UMTED STATES SENATE 

MXETV-FJFTH CONGRESS 

FIRST SESiilON 



AVfilfiT 3, 1917 





9fr-trv 



Frinfpd for ih^ u^ of III^ ?^Iro( rnmattt*^ nr iDtelirepncv 

ind ri'UimilTK" oii Hiinjon Ri'Tw^urrw 

U.S. GDVERKME?fT PRIKTING OFFTCZ 
WARHINCTON T 1»T7 



}'-j Hiili b\ i!" SiiinTliii'ii'l" Ml "f I nitmH". 1 N Go* iriiDknii rrliiliiiff Offio* 



si»«k Nm u:,; ikru-n^jir-T-i 






MORI DocID: 163357 





CONTENTS 



KtfitfliiHKs of: Pus 
Artuilrnl Mlnnsflpld Turner. Dirwlnr. CeiHrnl IiitHlijrenof Ap-nry : ic- 

Coiin>*l, (VTifrnl IntpLli^pnrc* Appin'j. aiiri (ifYirpe Cary. li^^.-Jluthp 

C'-iini^l ri'iiTrsiE liiTrNiiit'ii. .■ Apn^y... , ... ,^___ H 

PJiiii]! 4;*»l<liii,'iii. foroii^r -'uilJoyeo. Ttmriir Inrpiricvi^rp Acpj*o Tai 

John IlirjiuntT. ff'nii*T pjuplnyp.-. C+NJiriil lurfTlU'*'"'"*' Au'i'iiry __ 5J 

Aiki*'inli\ A.— XVfl. Tp-itiiip nnil T'sp nf ri>miirnl anil Biulopi.-nl Ac»T»t^ 

hy Thi" IntplliiTpncp ('(unTuuiiity ci 

Aii|N^iMli\ 11.--l>'>cuDi^n<< Rt-fprrijif U> DiH-on-ry of AdJUjomiT MKri.TKA 

M.TnriiiJ ,.^_^_,_ ^_ ^^ jQQ 

Ai-^it^niliA C— Docunipnc Rpfprriiig to >^ubproj>^is ^ 111.11-. lUO 

M.-irprinl ^iiliiLiilf«d for ihe Recort : , 

P<!,rrlnilncir{il Asf^^SuiPnl *i ^ i- 

"TnKli" \nne< U\ IiiTfrnitLiiinii "1"'_ :^- 

rfiii''TrrH'(ion of iiiirtiiiiii Aimh-n _, ^ ^. _ 3f* 

Slilpi^r^WT r^ _ _ 11111^ 41 

MKSKARr-11. OtTFX, rilirKWIT 1""^!!"' i6!> 

Kiiii-^.Tws Tpniiinn'^tPil Rp.iiii-^p *»f TUeir i'flrU<ii«tiot: in MKrLTRA 

Su^|l^<p^f■lI 3 i7rt 

OKHll^LTOP n^fiiiirioij l__l mmillimil 171 

(III) 




MORI DocID: 163357 





PROJECT MKl LTRA, THE CIVS PROGRAM OF 
RESEARCH IX BEHAVIORAL MODIFICATION 




WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, IPTT 

WS. Skn vtk, 

.\xi> Si m uM^iM'm: ii\ Hk utii 

ASr> S' n.vTiFir K*».aih'|| 

Thv ronmutlr<»v u)ci^ juitsiianl to notirr. nt U:l>7 bah. in rooin 1^0-2. 
J>irkM'n S^-tinli' oni^i- Itiiilhtin^rv Sciiitim' I>iLui('1 K^ hioiive (clutinnaii 
of ll»* Si^IitT ( 'ohjinilh'i' mi InlrflJi^rMri") iin'-iiliii^'. 

Present : Senator-; Inouyc (prt'si^linf:), Kennodv, GoMwatrr, Bfivh. 
Hathaway, Haddlestoiu Hart, Scltweikcr, Cflsc, Gam, Chafee, Lugar 

Also present : WiHinm G. Milirr, Ftaff diivctor, Si^lerf Committee on 

t^n } feu [til a till S* rentier Ki'<>c;nr}i : juhl |ir'<>f***-i<iri:L] '^(alT n^enJicr^ of 

Spnator J\n\Yi--. Tlir Seuafo St'li^d Cmunuttoc on InfelHpence is 
meetin;: today and is join(*d by the Subconimitfrt* on Health and 
Snrntific' Rt^M^nnh I'hsniVil hy Sf^nnlur Kdwanl Kennodv of Mof- 
sachnfotts nnd Senator Richard Schwciker of Ponn^ylvanin, Senator 
Hiilhsnvuy nnd Sfn;itor Cliafcr tuv inemlicrs of ImiIIi cojMniittees. VCc 
are to hear trsliinony fTyini the Director of O-iiIra J Infellipenre, Adni. 
Stansfii Id 1 nrjn-r. nw] fyrtm oihrr Affenoy \vitne>M'> on ir^f^nes roneern- 
in^ new doenments supplied (othe rominitte<* in the lai^t week on drug 
te*:tinp conducted by tJie Cent ml Intollipenrc Aprenry. 

It should bo jnad*^ clear from tbe outset thnt in peneral, ire are 
foeu^inp on events thai ]>npt>oi)i-d ovrr ll' or ns lonp n^ ii-'i years apo. 
It should be eniplia^ized that the proprams thnt are of preatest con- 
cern have stopi»cd and that yrv are reviewinc these past events in 
order to better understand \\\\ni slat ute? and otljer pnidelines mipht hr 
necessary to prevent the rerurn^ncp of such ahn^os in the future. "W^ 
also need to know and nndirstand ^^hat is now beinpdoneby the CIA 
in the field of Ix^hnvioral researcli to he certain that no current abuses 
are occurring. 

I want to commend Admiral Turner for hi*? full cooperation vjth 
this committee and with the Sul)rommittee on Health in recognJiinp 
that this issue needed our attention. Tlie CIA has a^':isted our com- 
mittees and stflfT'i in their investipafive efforts and in arrivinp at 
remedies which irill serve the best interests of our countrw 



MORI DocID: 163357 






irrn.i ^T^.l n-i"nl- nf oth.-r |.ivvi.ni^ly i»tiknf>vvi. ilnij: pn-prnm^ and 
,M-..rH- for lH-}irivi.^nil n^uirn] nn^lriliiu- \\u- JU-v-.^Uy for f^ffcrtive 
ovriM'-lit nr«i.r.lniv- T-c^fli hi ll*r i\i-.utiu- lo'nn^li inicl ni tlif ton- 
,ry...^ "tIh- Srli^.l (^lrMTllllI.■f■ "Jj luhlli^rHH'C' Ijii^ U-ni woikinn- vrrv 

Tiinu r ni..l In^ ii-.^HMui.- in .Wi-lnjmii: l»JiM^ rf,»ire|,t^ for Ptniniory 
iruiJiliiM- wliirli vill t"»\i'n, i»ll rirtivilii-orHiP in1i-llip*-h<o Jk;:Hitio> 

<if i1m- Initi'il Sla(->. 

Ill fn.\ It i-^ tn\ v\\»-ri:it\nu \hi\\ lli<> I'rr-nV'iil ^\l^ ^mit nni^nim<'r 

lii^ .l.ri^ii.M- Dti Im'" In- !in- a.N i,^■^l til*' ini''lliirMi'«' niniirii'^ of Uw 

Vuih-.t Sl:ifr- shiiU !„■ .»Ti::ini/-.l, 'Hl^ rc>H,IHiri.v Will U' MnlUin;: 

rlr.-.l\ Mitli l!ii' l^rr-i'^-m nr^il AiltufniT Tiutict hi plnriii*r \]\i< new 
MliMuiv nnilrr Oir Inv mnl tii .l.-v.lnp cffrrfivc nvrisl^l.t pi-or-o-lnro-. 
It i- --li'in rli;.i rtT*-nv*' f.\.T'-'iL-lil riHiriin- lli:ir ihf'iunritinj, mu^( 
1h' full till'] foillhoriiinj:. Knll ;mii1 iin..)\ ijif'HTiKitjoTi i- nhviiniF^ly 
tir.-,-^^;n\ if iUs- LCJiniiiillrr ;in.l llh- yuUhr \- 1" W nonfi.li-iit tlint nny 

t]':(li-:rn --ii'li'^ «:iTi hi- ilrjiU witli C|iliikl> nnd fnn-*'fijlly. 

Ouv ^»iTi"'-r i)f fiii^ Itrmlii:; i- fo L'n^' ^1"" t'omiiiiltc'^ mu\ the niihlir 
nil uiiiliT-liiM-IliiL- i'f "li:'< 1»^'"' iiifnniiJirioii hn^ IfPi'U diM'Ovprrcl tliflt 
nil.K I" 1)m' ktM.wlrnl::.- ;ilr.'n*lv nvjiihili!.' fmrn provir^n^ ClmMl ftll<1 
K»'uiu^.lv Mi<ini(i.'^, iin'l 1.^ hi-:ir tlu' hm-otu wliy thr<o (1orninrTit=' w(^it 
liol :.\:Mt;iM* (o il.r Clnirvli mikI K.Tnu-.ly i-nmtnitlri'^. Il 1=; nUo thr 
)-imi>i.-» of till- l*.:niJi;: ii> :hMtv-- tin- j'*-*ir- rn\<t^^\ liy iiriy a'l^litinnrtl 
ill.'LMl oi ill^|^voIll■^ :i' 'Ia it i<- lli.it linvi' ornciL'^-O from firr til^- nn<l to 
.1^'\t1i»h niJiiHlir- r.i l^J'-'^^-^t ^ll''li inipio;nr :i(ti vit ii-- f 1 <»in oocniTiiiff 

n*Miu. 

'"Fhuj^I). Tl».'h' i- ini Mlili;:iitini> iiii tli.' pnrt of ^oil» tlii^ rommittpe 
mill ilir riA 1-. ii,;i]i.' r\i>iv^'ir»n ii»hMip tln:^i' irhli\ itlii:iU or in-titii- 

tM.Ti^ i1i:lT Iiim\ h:M. 1h-.^i, Ii:»ni.i-il Kv ahV of |J,»-.' llii|.l -HiPT Or llh';:;il 

firnvilir^. 1 Mtii .i'ltjiii tli:ii Ailiniiiil TiniM-r will uc»tk wjtli ihis^'^im- 

TiiitTi'i' (<» ->^i' tli:it \)i]^ \vi\} In- ilmn", 

1 \\ti\\}'] ui'W lik<' U' wrlnnin^ tlu> iiio^t -li^t iTiion^lnnl S.nnlor from 
Afii^'-jMliN^rtl^. llir r!i;iinii:iii of tlir 11i:i1t)i S^I>^c.l^nni!Tt*l^ S<*nntor 

Spnr^tor Kfvkft^y, Tliiiuk \on vi-rv nni.-li. Mi. riiiniTiinn. A^p nro 
*li'ti;:}i!i-.l t.i ir»in ln-rilui ill iiii- M-v\ iin]"irt:int jirr:i i»f pubhc in- 
niiir^ :iriit i^iil.lir iiilcr^-l. 

>o|iM- -J \'^:M'^ :!»L'". lt»*' S'tkii^' lli-:i)ll. SiiU'ortilhllT.T lir:inl rluNm:: 

t.-lii V nlKiiii iIm' lnnii:iii ^•\]■'■^i iri>i'iil jiT i. ■:* jirlivilii- of (In* CVtiHh* 

Thtilli-'in-^ A-i ii.\. 'Vhi- hrjitfU hivr.ri.i of ilir CIA Ivv.■n^'.l Un\t 
f.vt'i ::o iniivri-iiir- iiii.l iM^'iiuhoii- ^\»-i.- inviiKnl in jiit 'V'Xh'Ti-ivp 
fc-tiii" mill i'\»"i inn riisniini" ^iriiL'i;»iii wlii.li in. Im^-il <'nv.it *lrni! 
IlM- on iinwiilin-* cHi/^^n^ "i^l jill -<" i;il \>-m-]-^ Iml-Ji nii-l Io-i\ . inihvr 
AMirii.':n.^ =111.1 foivii'n/' S.vrnil i^f 1 Kr>r i*M^ in^oh.^.l tlii' inlmiiii-- 
tr:ii iiiit (*f LSI » 3o "iiM\^ ininir *nhii'L'i> in -ih-ciI *ini:inou-'. 

\i IriiM orii' ill fit II. Ili:il of |)i. (IN*)!. 1— iilri-il fi<»ni llir-i' ndivirio'^. 
Til- A-'i-ni \ iui H jirkno^\K.<!j.-.l il»al ili.-i^ li-i- nmii.- ImV -^ ^-nnfi-- 
^.rii^r. 'I'lir iL^'i'm- l^linl: llii- tiiiirjiioi in:j Wi-r.- noi i^nnlifn'.l -nmDh. 
f)l.^,'r\rr-- VUf ti-t Miljir-1> wrr*- M-kl-iin :m'r— iMi- Ih-vooiI tin' fir=t 
liout> f^f llir li-^l. In :i nnniiHTof in-iim- 1-. iJii' <*-t MjhiinM U.-iuno ill 
for hi^u\- or .kn-, jiiiI i'llr.(i\i^ folTou itp w.x- ini|"»->jl>li'. 



MORI DocID: 163357 






OOior osprriTiirtit'- wm- fHjM:rlly f*fl"*'iisivc. For rxjimplc. heroin 
niMirK \v*r*' ontiinl iiHo icirii- ipatfn<: in LSD e.NiNTinK-iils in order 

Pi^Tli.np- jijosf di-linloji;.' tti nil wh* fhr farl Oiat iIh* pxirni of tjt- 
porintcnliitifiti on liuTrj^ni s^llJil'^■t'- ^v:^^ ujikMown. Tin- ivrnnls of all 
fhpso nrtivitU's yVQit- *\f^Uo\*-t\ in JiMiiiiuy l?>7:t, at iho insfnWion of 
then CIA Ditvs'tov l!)i'li:ncl U*1ru-;. In -jiiti' of jwi'sish'nT iikf|iiiries by 
bciMi ihr Ili'iilili Siilh''niiJiiifU'c iniil tin- Inii'lhiT^-ii" *' Cojnmi(teo> no 
adililionnl rr**oTjI- or infonuniiojj wnv foiilH'»niin;r. An<l no one — 
no sin**!*' iinlivifhiiil — rnultl U* fnuml wIjo n'menjlri^ri-d f In* defail^. not 
tlu' DinWor of tlie CIA. who or<lere<l tli<" diH'nnn-iitv ilestroyed, not 
tho oflUial rofpon^ihh' for thi' i»r<f;rrjnii- nor anv of hii- Jtv^orjates- 

We iK^lirverl tlmt tin- rertiv*!, iTn-oni|ilrt(> as it w»s. vrn^ as comploic* 
ns if wfl- ^'oin^' lo lie. Tli* n oh^ intlividnnl, Ihroiiph a Freedom of In- 
formation r^tiest, flrcomplished what two VS. Senate committees 
couM not. Ih' simrivil (Ik- H;r''"*v ''>t<» finrlin;; atMilioiujl iftxu'd'* jier- 
tninin;:tofh»>CIA'^|ir(»;rnimof i'\|ioi'iim'nifilr"n witli human ftubjorts. 
The'^o nrw nv^nnU wi^vf tliM'ovniMl h\ thv am'nr-v in MnrHi, Their 
esislenrf ^Tii< not n»a<)i> knnwn Hj ihi- <'on^'iip- until July, 

Tlic rerords irvr*!*! n fur nn^rr ^xtcpi-jivi- -criis of io£|rr-ntMent«^ than 
had ijrevinu^ly l»e*'n tlmn^^lti. Kit'hty--i\ nnhi^nritn-^ or inf^titutions 
^TeI■e involvotl. »w Jn-tinno^i of nncihicul iK'hnvior were revealed. 

The infellipen*-i' rnnimnnity of iln- Nulion, whivli re(|iiires a f=hroud 
nf M-rrecy jn ordiT to i*|u'niT*", ha> ii vi-ry ^a^Ted irnsl from the 
Amrrirnn pif^pli-. Tl>r TIAV pro^'raiP) of hnntan e\l>enmentntion of 
tlii" fifiir* nui\ ^'wt'u*^ vjfil,ifi'd rlijit trn-i, li «a<-' vio)ni<'d a;r«ir^ on the 
day tlir bulk 'if tlu* n£reni'v'-' »vi'<iriK were dt'SMYived in IfiTS. It is 
viohiti'd efivh tinii' ti iv-nmisihh' nflir iai refill-- to recollect the detnils 
of thp pro^nMni. Tlir In'-t '>i»f»-:;n:nd a^yain^l nhn^'PR in tlie future is a 
conipl*'ti' publir j»*'rr»nnliii;,' of ihr ahn-it-sof tl)(' |)a*^t. 

I flunk ilii- i- inn?i!r;Hnl, a- Chairman Innnve pointed ont. Thepe 
are is-^nc-. an' f|in-ti(jn> that ha|i[u'n<d in thr fifties and si.Thes, and 
po bark ^rynxi' M. 'in year- a-jo, hui th* y arr front pa^re news today, ns 
we R*e in the niiijni' newspaprr^ anil on tin* telrvi-^ion and in the media 
of tlijii roinitry ; and ihr n-a>i>n tl)i-y arr, ] think, is Wran'ie it just ron- 
tiniioi?ply Itej^iij-H ui tri<kh' ont, si»rt of, montlj aftrr month, and the 
be<it way to put thi< }Nri*n} Uhiird m^^ obvion-^lw j? to havp the full 
information, and I think tliat i^ thf dr^ire of Admiral Turner and of 
thememl>ei^of thisronnnitlrr. 

The Oontml Jnfe^Ij;^'n^^ Airenry ilrij;r*reil Amerienn ritizens trith- 
ont tlieir knowlediif or rooM^nl. It nscd nniver-itv facilities and per- 
sonnel withoTit their knowli'd^fr. It frnjdt-d h-adiiifr rej^enrcJiers. often 
without tl^eir kiiowh»d;:i\ 

Tiiese inMitiHew, tlirw* individn:<1s havi' n ri^jht to know who (hey 
are and how and wljen llna were nnd- A- of fixhjy, the Airenry itjielf 
refuses to def^ln-ftjfy tlif names of tlion^' iostitntion-. and individnsTs. 
finite appropriatelv- 1 nTi;rht w^y, ivitli rcL'nrd to the individiinU nnder 
the Privacy Art, It M■eTn^ tn iiu- to Ik* a fmidamontiil recponpibilitv to 
notify tlioso imlividnnl- or inslitution>, rath.^r. 1 think manv of them 
wen' ean^'lit ni> in an nnwitlinij n»anncr to do research for the 
A;ren''y. Mam- re>'rarrfirr<i. di-^lin^on-licd ivs*'arclier>. some of our 
most outstanding TnenkhpEs of our Sf ientifii' mnnnunity, involved in 



MORI DocID: 163357 





th>^ nct^vnrlc. lu.u rc.llv -In -ot k„n« ^^^u■^^^,■r tl.rv wove 1n^oh<.d or 
n . ,n>I i- <-.-m' t,. ,.»■ tl,.t tl.- wl,-,l,. l.t-.lrl, a...l -■ nni,.r in I.-rm. of 
",,, ""i'.'i-^i-> ;n,cl om Mi...,.ili. ...1 Ur.h), fa.-.hti.^ nr,- nmilrd .o 

"'s.> Til, (!-'.'.! tn ,l» »]1 ] r.L„ 1o |...,-,i=,<l.. Ih.- .U'.ti'-v fo. nt tl.r yery 

T.VO v..:,r.-n^m. «!,..,. 11,.-- i>lm-,- w..,v lir-1 r.vr;.!..!. 1 ,nrro,l.,orrl 

j;^ .iou .•M.'.n.l...! .1... jn.-,..li.-.i..„ nfn,.; N.t^n.I ('"";"":::""") 

iniIi!;llv^v..i,M.li^..■^..n..".l.■.nrl■:^V,K1i^ltM■..llUIl!l.-l.■;:l-l:.t1'>'. 

ro\i-i-c.11»ni>n-ini'II^i''ilii'ClA. ,, , . , i „., „t Hiiv 

Tlii. Nili'iii l':i- i" lii<""'"li'"'l ""'l l"'l':'vi<.ial ro^-nri-h OBiTnlolil^ 

..T,;,:, ,.;;:,.,.. h i..- i...i t- -im.-- -jf hkw f,m.v.i n..-..-.' . f- 

ti... ,.r.-l :i \<-:,v~ ., -vstri.i f'lr til.- |.r<.l..ti.-,i of )i,i,ii:m. -ill,,...'!, of Ino- 
nira,.:,! .-H.'l lH'ti!ivi"ii'l n->.'ni-li sr. .i,») I.. n<-H.;. mul llu- llutiiiiu I'.N- 
,...,-i„...ntn.in„ (\.i„..,i"V.M IM.- |.1■..^>■u ii- v.l..'-- To.lny^ ]i.-.nnp-. 
nn.l til.- ivii.t ali-ii'>ly .-I'tiil'li-f"''' iiii'!.i-''"v '!>'■ '"''■'l '" '■Npf""' »'■ 

'"T)l!''i'l"\'-M|.i-.>rt-.l ili^i' l«'L'M;iii.i,i i,i ]H::..nii.l it [-ii!"''!! ri.f S,-ri;iti> 

,u.;ii.ii,ion*^h l.M V.-iir. 1 l"li.v.. il i- ...■.■.I.-<1 in ni<l,.r to n-n,r ..II 
,m,-,,r<.l.l.-ilir.l tlii^ "ill l>:.v. tliv .l.^triv.' of |i. olrrlmn i.i l.lnlli.lM■^- 

,H.,i„.ri,iutio,. il,:,l tl..-> d.-'M.- ..h.l li,.«.' .M-ny nflit I.. '■^I-'-'' 
S.rii.l"i- Is. 'I v.. Tl.:Lui, >on vriy iim.li. No\\ we will i.i<«'.-.-,l «itli 

(Ik' li.M.iiii.-. A.lhiirul T.iiwr* . , ■ , ^ f ii 1 

|TI..- |.i.>|.iiM-.l .-t:it.'ii..iii of A.liiiiiiil Tiiiiii'i follow-, J 

Vk> I'tiiM. Siaikmi:nt ..i Ai'>im>i ST.*><ni.i.[' Ti kn.*. l'i"r>TC.» or Cl:^T»AL 

l-.ru.i ich.si K 

Hr r^; jr;;-;ss■:.;;;.i;^::;;-s■^f:;ir;s.•;9.;"^';" 
M„, -.f .1,,.. ","- i ; „; " ' St. .., " .C„.".v.l l„ ., r,,."" .... 1T..J-.. 

„„. ,■,..„.„ '■"""""'"vi'rir ;;«'*.. ■"?•».'■ I-"""' "" "',""■ 

r^min.iJiH" on lli-iiirh. I nlil Tin rwi in iirt*>..fi.rti Ikiul l»»*t-ii ^r-^t r-v»'< i» 



MORI DocID: 163357 




';; V.tVmv ,1^0..',; r.";tm.- |.ir..,..r ..f m, .■ ..> «.■!. ,.- a.«..v.,, ..■ IH.O 

Vir>1 IliiT.-!ir.'14!-MKrl.Tl(A -i r...i,.. ,,. .,i:i.» ..t »lii'-li iiM^nr In hbtp 

iiii.ll.-HMt..r.iiliiuuisl..rLr,t.lri..;"iirr.;l'liti'-"-l> ii,(-1iidiii= 

r..i,i.-.i'- uf il,.-r nil--. Tl* nnivilir- nrv |.l^.. p,1 hi ll.v f-ll"» niK I- . ai^Bori. . . 





MORI DocID: 163357 






1. Bpsenrrli Into Ih** t-ffH^fi nf !*f hnviftml dnipR ind/nr alrohol : 

1" ^^ihjtr^tjw'* i»rr>t»i*MT Tinr invMvint: hiirunn t^RUnc : 

If) (iiiSpr'ijr<*f'< j»rirf»:iMv lii'lu'liUL' t^^^^ nn huninti vilunietrs, TVbilp nol 
kn'n\[i. i.i>rii4- i>f iln'se MJl'i»n»i4*'is Miiiv hftvp liiHudM t^<\*= on iinwiUiNc sub- 
)<s-ts ,n* "I'll ; 

2. It-'-i :ir^lk "T> hy|itic»<i'': '^ Mit-i*r<iji'rK, im Inilmc t^invftlvmir Join^-sis ariddrivs 
ill r.prjiMiiJiii'iii. 

IJM'n "f ilriii:ri'lnf'''l iiiiilfriijl" : 4 slllp|lr^■j^'l■^^, 

Ti '*;iu.lii- *tr liHniiMi l>plt:iUnr, Mi-f-i- re**i*rch. and behavinral rhnnc*"^ dHrinp 

ji>v-<-l]iiilii-r;ip.'^ : ^' >>]U|inpjf iK. 

ft J.W-rmy -^tnfh'-^ :iiid :ittetidjii»''r nr '•♦■iiiiiinrs niiil int»"njali<>iiijl lunferpri'i's 
1MI lii'lijivi'inil iii*-dJlnMli"'ti : i: ^uhiir'i.i'H-Tx 

7 Mi»tiMiTi*fn,'il simJii— . stmli*'^ I'f (Ivfti'T"r»-. qm'>i*<>'^[|hhT. atul (r.iinhiB lecb- 

K rnjv*:r:ip}i rrM^nn h R sii»ii>rri^'i[v 

!» KiiM'lJhi HH"'li:i»ii''ni'. f"ir MKTLTHA ^il^rnnl reHCAirh arllvitlp-J : 3 
Riilkfr-'i'ti-- 

m h.--*-:ir-li nil t]rn-^ t.^ihi^. niicl Mn|.»cii-nN in hiimrm ti-^^siip: pr->H*:i.ni rf 
pT"»ri<- |tj»tT»i-i:('i»v Aiiit thr rsi[>.iMlM> Jc. im*'rj»'»r;ilp th^iit in rffi-tliv*- dfJivprj 

II A' iivJiH'" v^ It'^M' iil>j<''i"*p^ iiiniH'T l'4* ii*'t trill i in ■'1 from nvBil*ililf dnrun»pn- 

r;»ti":i 3 ^nl'iT'»*i'C'U. 

IJ Sii!-iiTMj»Hi.i inv'OvJiiL' fmi'linjr kiiij-i^rirl f'-r iiii^Kj-f-lfipil nrtivitii's rvinnprtpd 

uhh ih'" Arnji'* Si-i'-hil r»fii>r:irii»M^ IiivlM'-ii nt V'. I»ftr3<k. Md T>ii*i nrtiiily is 
tiiiU.i,*- in M—k 1 **f lh»- riiur- li ('..ruTniMn- ll>]».<rr. t>)i ."ivv-ris:!. jSh' AM'''"''!^^ A- 
p[». H^-*H* rnil-r f'lA- I'lrji'^f MKNAOMI. th*" Ariuj- AssisTed PJA io d*T^I'ip- 
iu^. ii-vrint. "lid rii:iini:iinim; 1nc.|<»;:lial jiE*-"!'?* Hiul riplhtry sjslruiK fi»r n^tf 
acil^|>'^t hniiiiiri^ ns "vll ii^ Hj^iiii-"! ^lninnll^ atn\ cniiw. Th** <»l-i--*tivi-i of ih»-ip 

i»nl»].i"i--. r- -'J -t U" iili iiTiii<'d frcii]i tN' rpv'i'*md iiiiiTj-ritil i*"y-iNil Hi.- Tuot 

thi,i ihi' II y «;*- ^" Ih" M-i'-l whi-H' (.nniiJil fiULdlni; Hinmi*"K \\i'Uh\ rp*|iiirp 

ui'>ri- «rirh'[i -t ihmJ jU'^TirK Jiii<»n Tli.'iii iii»iH':ir*'d di'siniMi' for iiiM'iiri'v rfH^i-M'^ 
4ir x^ )|.-i»- i»|H'r;iM<MhjiI < ..iixiil-TjIiun" di-rjir-d ^\t'•T^ li-nd riiif* Utf jnjnliiiM"- A I 'nut 
jn 'K"! " :i'' mi'd^ •■•» diinii;: Till" |K'ri..d l^».'i:M:N;*t :\ snl*i.niji-'r'« 

I'l Siucl*- -iil'i-r"'*-' *" ill Mil 1i nn":i> t\^ jfT.*! w nf p1i»< U>" *Ii»»* k. liara^*im*^nt tprh- 
iiit|Mr». r^.r nfT.'ii>iv »■ 11-1' iiijiih 'ii'' <>r p^l^n'«^■iI'>■'^^v |^Trp]-ii'>ii irii'^ t*"'"!"'^!^-*' "iinix? 
:miiI ;i''r. — il- nud T-'ur '.i|l*|tr-".ii-l'- iii*<'lvh»u' ' P'T Jind uinlPtiiil '«iil'iir:i;:p. 

14 1 1 ►r Ixv.i ^nl'|.roiiv1>. p-n t»:n Ii "f tli»- T'll-fW iim . 

"HhMPd iiri»nv'^'-" ri"-i'urrli. *^iiiiT<inii*L' Tlip -'irTivH.T of flnininl>, pneriry 
■l.prii:io ;nid lr.»ii>f.T In -irirMiii' »t*^^'*-i'*' l Ji"»d 
>riiiiuli- :itiil n-r<'m'«c In idH-l'u:ii nl ^i-xi-.m^ 

1' Tliri'c *-MlijiripJnK iiirn'1'Mi^d li»Ti»rv flii\ "i>rk vru^ donf ini tlnTi hnvinc f<^ 
d'p uiUi Ij-T-'Tifpirv *irnL' sin-t-rdiit' rP'-pnnh nti l^ndn roiii u^^inn. niid rpM*.irHi 
rtn Mpplnji.;ilJ> :Mivi' iii;irpriJi)* ImIh' f^-<i*-t} thP'»npJi flip -ikiii *.n liiini:tri mlnnrt^rs. 

Nh»u. riv I'P 1iM\i iiiii'h in'« tlir tP'-'^vpfp*! rijntPri:il ndd-i f.> wlint li-i* i*rpTir>iisly 
lw.'H rp:»"prii'<! i*» llip riinr- 1» r.»uni)1tTPf ;iii[1 !■> ^--Miirnr KpnTiPily's <ftidn'p''ii»ndirpp 
■If I li,:i*Mi fin rhi*M' Ir'jilf'-. TJn- ?ir*w»"r J-^ ,'iddiJ i<"i»iil iVlJiil. f'^^r J In- iini^r (irtrt - p.£ . 
Mip mnn'* "f jpn^rii'iiOi iiTiJdoa'liit'd n-^p-irilxpr- nnd in^Htuti^'iiv H>*'"in[i'd rm 
I'inirr :i « iUin^ --r nnv% tIUm:; \h\^\-- wWh MKriTBA n<'livHii'^. niid I In- nniiip- of 
riA "ffii i;pN \\]i>> i\\-\T--\<*-] i-r Ni-fiiil'if-'d tin- vnri'Mi* siil*iirp*iP<'t* f^nnif* n*i\ tulh 
■friTiMx," ninircn-'il K jiKi* juv'-pn' ■ p c . df»tntU rri?u'priilnc i'r'*i>*»'<:iU f"r pxinri* 
Tii*'T»'ntic»ri fiii'l HiiiUii! Ip'^rini: n*i«"Jnfi'd niUi vjiri^n^* rPM»;irili nr-Ocrt*. niid a 
pn'i'iirih imT'r<»t-rr nmlrihiHi'in liv riA f" :* vriv/iTp Jn-rirnth-n. H<»wpipr. thp 
T>ftn't|»:il tyi"-'> nf ji«iivir|i"> iin liidi'i^ hr\y*\ f.ir rhi' nioct \^!\t\. PiUiPt I-ppii ouIliii'Hl 
fn oioup i'Sl-'Mf IT fiHTnTly d»'Mril»pd in whnt \v:is nrpvinii'-ly A\nilriMp t" f^lA 
in HiP wfly i'f diN'imiPninfion nnd wu^ Miii[dird h\ TIA fi. Spii,itr iTive-iticnlorn. 

F»nfinri;il ili'^lnir^rini-n' ppoi-triN i-r tUo imti-I lOrji-lW4 fnr T^ nf thp US 
nilTidn-n'd MKIJTKA ■.id-t^niirM^. hnd In-ru rr, -n.^nvl fn^m Mip njTl«-p -if FinnTirt 
by CIA jiji'lnop'^nindr nv,iilA>pli'hiTli''nnirili <'.i[iii"inpf invpsiii:ntor^ in Ancni*t 

or Si*iplrTni''*r 107.V 

Tlif lf¥l."l ln'<inft*pr nc'Tirnd m-^^r on MKTT.TRA mndr a^nilnhlp in Imtli tbP 
rhntrli rciu.iniirpf md S<*imT'»r Krnni'il* ■^ SnU MTiiiniriP.- DipntNan fl^-i'ir'-Bhock 



MORI DocID: 163357 






<lip. T. H*-11M : rin- wnrt'li fur ut'v, i\i:}\rTia\^ tliniUKh arrUDC^mf^m - xvjtii Hpeclil- 
Isi* in unr\»-r>ities, jiharmarnMiial Jmujsps, hosjiliijlv ^rnif wrifl fpcli'ral InMJtu- 
t|i>riv ;inil prhnle rf^p;irrji urFnin2:irji>i)-> i |ip. T. U i : And th^ tun rhai \Ut T^b- 
nU".i} SiTvl''*' I>ivisiciii iif c'lA h:ii) irjltiLj(i-d ]+l ■^utiproirt-Ts rflatfd to tb^ control 
«^r liuNifin iH'iinviiir iK'lxvt^n 1!i'>:i-1!K(^t t|» in i. 

The releviinf i^^-rinn nf a ]!rtT lns|HH'(.ir <;*'1i>t!i1 rfi-'^rf tm III*- Te'lmifal S^rr- 
Ice l>ivi^ion v.a'-^ also imult nvAlluii|f> I" rlje rjjifp.li r<oiniiittp»- stnff. TJ*ai report 
disi u<^se> lef]t[iii|U("^ for buiiian ■s:^'>^?(mH]r btm) ui^nrllirHln^ ii>eMjiid> of omu- 
pjiiuiintit'n (]i. 2*^1 I ; dis' Tt'Oiiirij: uud di>aliljiit' iiiHleh-iK vbkli can be roT^rtly 
adiuLtii'^fer^ r]it» ^i]-2(fJj ; Miidif^ r>ii ijini:ii jun-^' atJn us ajiiillwl Ik ci'Vprt opt>r- 
ition* [p. £0:^1 ; FjkPf'ifir fuuiTiu^ iiipi]i:iiii>nis fnr r^cjinli i*rr'»riii*»d "ixihidt' of 
CIA fli|i^ :K^1'L''>:a. -2itr,\ ; resj-nn-h iK'iu;: dniif npi ^K'^ ikrjiH-koiiI j mulerJll. Alitiljr>l 
toli-rarKv. and IimmmUsuj ^\i :£iL't i : rcsi'iiri'h iMi I,S]> r|i iNm ■ anrJ-KriBonnvl 
hiin^^iut'nr and a^>^l^^jhufir■Tl drlivi^n -.y>rHn^ jiirludii^i: firrnxd rmiTiii'irK^ mtd 
o«b**r sptiiy di'vii'P'i i|i]». aiifi-jusi : tJm- ndr ctf K^'rt l>f(nrk in nu|']«»ri *»f CIA's 
liioLitci'd) Vtiviiiirnl Wurfiirt- r:ii];il-j1ir> (|< ::fr^ i ; and Mi-ii»Tia1 saLji»rHjr(^ re^arcb 
ip, l^LAir MU['h iT (liis DiQttriaL is rrilnifr^l \n fhe I'burf-li C'Diumlttt*? Report. 

}i**ik ). jiji. :*'^"-^JJ. iS4-cApi>i-iJ<U\ A. ]>]i »i.vnc'>. 

Tbf nins^ si=]iiH<nnT n*>*\ djJin Oi^itVfrrd ar*-. flr^T. flii» ntmfs of rrsen rchrrpi 
MTid insTiiuii>'n<i veiw \'»Ti'uUi-.\ivi.\ hi llif MKl LThA iirnjt^t and. viecondlT. a 
pi>^<-Lldy lUJiT^^jr^r cDiiirH-niinn U\ CJA in n privut^ iiisiltiilion. U> arr Don* In 
pn4>«vi|i>n «if ihi' nniiit^ of iK'i rii)iif;i>\t>niiiieiir rt>s4*arrli4Tv and aRsLsraniij who 
ar** ldcniErip>l in tlip m-ntprfil uiuitTJjl dnnlini: nith Hip 14U KUbproJects^ Tb«- 
DRines uf >i) in>\\t\n\*'Hti wljprv wurk uas dune nr witJi nljirh fbes« i«*>ide ware 
afnil:it^ arr* aNn ttjf'nTiont*d. 

Tbf in<ikiuii«>n^ Imlitde 44 <-nt]i*cp^ or iiniv»rs|Tlps, ifj renpan'b foundations or 
rhpniij-nl jt pbEinnnf^fiitk-al i iiUiiwnif*^ Jiinl lb*- ttk^. 12 bn^plInN i»t cWnU-^ i In ad- 
diiiini (n thi^-i*' nss-K'lnrM wirh uni^ersif it-sin and 3 iienul innlliulloup. Wbile tbe 
IdpniiTip^ of f^fiijie c»r tljp<^p i^i'i'lt- and ln<t1ii]l]ou<: wnrf knimn prprlouslj. tbe 
diM'iner.T i-f the new id^nTitit^J ftibN lin»iir kninile'lcp **t MKILTKA. 

Tli*- fiu'i> ns tliev i*r(aii» to lb** ii*»ssiNf imi'roinT <i»niributlon are ai follow* : 
Oiip pri>ji-i-t involves a rrtntriUiiiiiin of |.'17-\fMio lo n Intildiuc fund nf a prlraie 
uuHliriir insliiutiiin. Tbf fiirr Ihnr a (-onrrlbiirinn vu^ mudf wa? prerlously 
knmvn: Indif^ il wn^ mfuMi^ned in a l!*ri7 hisii^tiir Gentral fepoM on tbe 
Terbnii-fll Svnir^ Phi'iion nf CJA. |»frtinpm iiortlf»ns of which had l*en re- 
viewed hT ibe Chnnh Cfinimitiif vtnft. The newly diw*»vered ttiBterUl. boweT^r. 
nnikt"i it clenr ThJir tlil* eonlrJhntloii was niBdi- thriHieJi ftn Iniermediarv. which 
miidr U Bp|»e.Tr to lie a prlvnie dcnniiiiji. A* a private rtonaeion, ibe eontributlon 
waK fhen mnirhed l»y ft^prul fmul^. The Instilutioii w«»* not mode aware of Ibe 
frn»- siAiTCf of Ibe riH. ThU jirojwl was ipiirxved by Ibe then IX'J, and conrurriKl 
In by (~IA'k top manuc*'in*"nt ni the time, including rbe then General Counsel wbo 
wn»ic nn nplniim supporting tbe lett-ililj of the rontributii»n. 

Tbi' HH^iitlr dif*n»n"rHl d<'cnmen(s ri\e\'i prenter In^ifbl Into tbe »eoiie of tht 
nnuitfint dnic l«*tinc Imt enntrHmle Utile ninre tbnn lli:it. We now have col- 
hJl»>rn(inc Inf^rniati'in tbnt oonie of rbp iinwining rtmc teHtinc wa^ carrlwJ on 
in iBrtfelion-p- in Sun Kninris.-.. nnd New York *"il}, and we bnve Identified that 
Ihrr.- individiiJils wt-rp involved in tbi* nndeptakinir a* oj^ki*«I lo the preTiou^ly 
re]-<>riPil onp |»fr*on. MV rIh. know nnw tbnt mi.hh' nnwittinp t^tiur took place 
on criniinn! sesnol p^Tebopnilis confined ot a Sfnl^ boKplial and thai, addihonal- 
Iv. n-«'i»nb Hii^ ib-nf nn ji kno. k-ont i-r "K" dmc In imrallel wiib rei-enrch to 
ilf\i"l'»ii iJiiin kiUer*^ for roncer pntirni-. 

ThiM'. rhen nrt- Ihi- prinriiKil fitidinc- IdeHllfitHl lo rtnle in our review of tbe 
recMM-reil inntPrinl. A* noipil wirlipr. wp l^lifve Ibi' detnil on Ihp IdenUtieP of 
rispnnlier'' and InMitnllput tnvolvwl in riA"" ■[N»nnop^bip nf dmiT'^ and l»e- 
bJivif.r:il ni'Klifl*-ntlnn Ik a new eleniPiit nnd nnp wIiIpIi iw.tfe^ n ri.nMderable prob- 
b>jn. M*»^t of the |ie*tple and in*(nniii<^n* imcdved nrp nol nware of A^euej 
-.lrf.iiv<»r<lilp W'r Kbciuhl r^rtninb Bs^unn" thnt lb»- rfspiifber'- and in^lituTi^io 
^^Jii'h oonperrHe^l ivltb TIA nn h wlUiMi: bii'>i> nrtM In p«xl fnith and in tbe 
bobpf ibar tbPT ^vpre nidinc their cnv#Ttnnent in n WSiinnite nnd proi-r purpoM- 
1 |«Hji,»vt' wi- 111! Iinve a nu'nil oMii::Uinn iip tlie-^- rf*':inlH'rs nnd InHitution^ to 
j^.ilP<T them from an> unjust ifl('*l enilMrri^^-mp^ir or dnnuiup t^ rbeir repufntions 
whirh ri'vpli^ii.iri of ib-'ir Idmiilip^ nntbt l-rin^ In nddiliun, I have a lepnl 
obli-iii-m midiT Ihp Vrivncv Art n*>t !<■ pnbli' ly diM-bi-r tbr names of the In- 
dividii:il re^:irt;..-rv wlOiout their eon^^ent. Thi^ U e^jiepinlly tnie. of ooiir*., for 



MORI DocID; 163357 






8 

J n».i |,n.nili„c y'.ur rmmnirie.- vuU. nil .>f ,h,, ,r.nu.-. o,,' ;, .-l.^Mh-.I Nii^^ i" 
h<-]H- ni.ii Thi^ win fMrilii,>^ .ViM^r .ii\psiiLMri.u. ^^lliJ.' |.n^1-rTi:t- rU.^ iiuJiviJuuK 

to^; ymr^ jM !]».' |«i..l J n'.'^nrr .vimi rlrn f!» CIA iv in nn «:m eiiiTiiL'^il in eith.-r 
VII nut' ,.r ntjwiiuui: ri"tfj|jc *»r ilrnt'- \iM\it\ 

Kijmlh'. 1 nni wurkiP.*:' »> vljH, tl>.. ATt-^nirj «;<-ijf^nil ni.ct ^Irii IN,- Si^rn^ 

nr> i.f lJ<'iiUh. KrliiiJitioM ancT \V»-in.n- mi flu. nijiU.r. AV*. ,inMr.:-kn.:; nvi.il;*M,> 
i» IIm' Ariurn^'x (..n.-n.] uJiiiu^wr Tii,ii*Ti:.S l,.. mjiv «|..-j ,>..j.ri r- mn 

^V"^''"''^ *"■ '""■' *"'*^"' '" ""■«■■> '^'i^'' \y'^ :in' working i^ JM, U.U, tli.-Atr-.n.rv 

"if^TM-rsil nn.1 iki.^ S^htHjih hf ll.-..h],. Kilm :.n.Mi nn^l W, irtn- t., d-^r^-riciu^ 

wtiHrMT IT Is pmrnm1i[<' frojh II. ix ii,.,x ^vj,!*- ri> flrfi-iii]*? t*P irt.'iilifv aim c-r 

Ih.' i-r-.ijs Til ulmm ilriii;^ jji?,v luivr \^..„ nthmm-^ti^r"*] htj" jriii.sh \., ^nrh 

iifiihr^ jin- i«irr f>f il r-.i.r<l-. loir »^*. :,n- «r.rkii(- f rloirr/urh*^ If (h.rr nri- 

fiili«|inu-i]iii<-: I.. |i';ni toilM-ir jdoiiriiJiMti ] if .f», |io^ o j:i. nln-iti fulhlliiic 

tti*^ i:»\enii)io]ir^ rf^i-'hwihijitii-ji ju iht- umwri: 

TXSTIMONY OF ADM, STANSFIELD TUllNEH. DIRECTOK OF CENTRAL 
IMTEILIGENCE, ACCOMPANIED BY FRAMK LAUBINGER. OmCE 
OP TECHinCAL SERVICES: AI BEODY. OFFICE OF INSPECTOR 
GENERAL: ERNEST HAYERFIELD. OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL 
AND GEORGE L, CARY, LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL 

Ajlnnnil Tfn\f:ii. TImnk Vfur. Mj. rhnlnnnn. I -xvoiild liko (olM'^rhi 
In- eI,!nikni;r>'oii irii-l Si^ruilor K^juh-ih for liinjup n ywl liriniui.' tlii-^ 
iiM.inini'. 1 Jiop,. tUU ^vill oxp-'^lih' n\M] UrlhtaU^ oni t"-nin;r all t)w 
uifornjiilmti tluir jjuflj of yoinroTiiTnitico^ jurd juloflio locniil ^pncklv. 

T wrviiM liki' nJso Tn Tliiiiik vou l>otli ff.i (iivfjiriij;: t]w ]('Piiftrk^ Ifxinv 
I'V i-ennndn^ir its all tlmt tln^ ('vc^nfc nlifHii wl»icl» wt niv Wi-f to tulk 
are 12- fo24-ypAi>ol(l. Tfn'v in t|rm!iy ivpn'si-jii tlir^rnrrml nf^tivilir-H 
o;;_m>lj^i<^nf ilip rontm] JnU-ni; ^>in-t- Al^'>i '-v- 

Vkh-Ai wr nrr JhK' to <1o i> tn '/ivc you «71 fHo iiiformjition thnt \V4» 
noxv Jiavr npitl wliirji wo Hi'l ijoi ]irpvioii-lv liavo oi> n -nlii**.-! knnwii 
fl<iI*rojrrt MKULTl^A,!! pT-ojr><^l wJiirli took phtrt- fmin lOr.n to lf>fi4. 
It wn^ nn umKpTlla piTiji-.-t inifln «l»i.-|i llinv wvit nuirM^tou'. siih- 
pro)rrtj; for iv-onrrlK aniojii: oiImt thii>ir-. on tlnijrs nip'j iK^hjivionil 
lJ»oilifh!i(Ir,|i. IVIuil till' now iiiiUrrial rhiU ht oftiT trhl:iv i- a ^nji- 
plrrnonl 1o flu- ^OIl«i^lo^:^^ll' TimhTinl thi\i wn^^ inndo nvullnl-l*^ in lf"7:.. 
diirin^r ||,(* riiiuvlj roiiihiirh-o lirmiju's. nml nl-^ to tJir Si'imlo Sul*- 
rommittot* on llc-ultli nn^l Siit^ntific Itrspjivh, 

Ar tlirit tiiiK". 0\v (*1A oifi^yoi] np nil of tl»o infrknnntion rinil <Io.mi- 
Tn(>nN It l»otiovf»(i it lin-l avnilahlo. Tin- pniiiipnl onr n\:iil;ih]o nt itiiit 
t>pi"' fliiil tM\r the L'li'nto^it nmonut of iiifoipimf ion on iJii- siil>ifrl 
jvji^ii n-pon offlH^l'I A"k In^iHv'li.rricnrnil wriitrn in l!Hi:;.Hn.l wliiHi 
lod Hiif^i-tlv to tlio ff>TTiirnntion of t]u^ nrtiviiv in IPt^, ^^ vcnT-- n^ro. 

Tlir inforinafinn nvrtil:iME* in ift?.". 1o tUl- vnrioiH in^'p-tiLM'iTi;: 
ffTr>up. was iij.lrr^rl =priiM». firvf 1^,-inisr of tln' ilo^ijiiriion of ninti-rinl 
tlinl took iilarp JTi 107:!. rj^ di'tr^ilrd hy Sc-n:ifor K-'pnioHv n minute n^o. 
•niih tlio fonnirrrpifr of |}ir then nirmorof rrnfinl TnlpHi?rnn^r n'lil 
nmlPT Jhr =nprrvi*:ion nf tli ■ Dip^-.-Por of tlu^ Off- ■ of Trrluural 
SfTVL-e-H tli:it snpfTu^orl Projiif MKl'LTIfA. 



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'€' 




Tlir iiirilorial i]i li^T-". wa?: also fiiun-sr iH'ruuM- most nf tl.r CIA peoplo 
\\1i'.1iikI Uri* inv<ilM-i| ill yx.:', \n Un'A in l^i^ iii-livity liu-i rrriMul fnini 
tlir A;;*'n<'y. 1 wnnl] fijiil.ci a<lil lljut 1 Oiiiik tlip jn.iH-riMl was si>nrw' 
in ]Kirt U-rMM-c it vii-. ilic jinirli.-r al lljal linn' not t<» kw'}' d^'laili'd 

For in-l..iiiO- till- VMV.; ripoH of tin- In-pfrtor (jcriPial iKiif^s: 

rn^iiii inritf-n**' i^ III iij:iiiiE:Mii In- r<'i<»riW *'f flu- liNiimiii;; »titl u]iiirmnl ttl 
Tiw| |irM:;raiu-. 

hi l^i'iff. lli'Ti' wvn^ li'w ivc-orJv tn U-;5iii wiili jiinl li'^p nftn ll^r 
ile^rmi-nou nf lltT'l. 

WJjrH 1 utHjld liki'l*>doiu»\v,(}inM:rlj,i'^ tnpifk^prfl ^fn} Irt _vo»i know 

wliai iin' mw matrrijil mlil'- lo our k»M»" livl^^r of tliis l*ij>ir, nncl I 
will <Tiiii ^\' (los-T'i'iliinjr l»ir« iln' jiinW'riiiT wijs flixovrri'H jmk) why il 
^\;[- ijoi |iri'vi(nt>lv <Ii-iiivi'i'i iT Tin' inniiiiji] m 'juf-tjun, s/nm- h'Vch 
Ih»m'-. ]i:ut inrri srnt to oin Hclinil K*-^onl*i Oolrr ont-ii*J<' of the 
^\ii'<ii)Jii:f njj mva. It \vn^ i\\:^o\fT*i\ iln'n' as th** fvsnll of an oxlrn^iive 
fM'afcii h\ an pMijilnyi-r Hiiir^'i'il "itli Tli*' r»-jwiri*^il.ilif v foi T?iaiiilaiii' 
injr *»ur lioIclJii^^ on lM'lti»vi-iral ihn;:* nml for n"-|>o]nUn;: lo Frec^doni 
of I tifoiniitt roil A'T n''|Ui-'i> on tlii- siiliji-ri . 

Ihirini: '!"■ rinU'li ('onni»itf*v invcPiijr-itjiin of lf>Tr*. soarrhr^ for 
MKrLTUA-ivl=iti-il niafori;)! wi^if iiia*!'' hy oxininrLiii^ Imlh tlic Rotiv^^ 
iithI iltr iftiirtl riTords of n\] of rht- hrinji'lii-p of CIA ronsidon'd likoly 
t*i havr had an rt^MwiaTion wlili MKl'l/l'IiA cJoiiimrnls. Tho roiirccl 
i*^i»ri!>of ihr Iliul^'i't anil Fi>'';i] Si-^-tion of t lie hratu'li that wa^ ri'=|>on' 
^ilOt' fii] Mall ^Mi\U wt-n- not H^m^lic'd, li'i\\<'vpr. Tlu*^ wa*= l>orai]^ tho 
Hiiaiii^inl piijM'f ii*-<hiatrcl wirli soi^itivr pt-ojWts siu'h as MKTI-TRA 
wrji' iioniiallv mainlaiiinl hv ihr lii'aoi-li U^^-H nodcr tlh' |>rojprt tltlo. 
MKTLl KA. not liy Thr Hnil;r(^t aiul Fi-ial Srrtion niider n ppeoinl 
hinlpT Mir. 

In tlx' ra5<' at hand, however. tl»i^ nrwly lorntpd jnatnrinl had Wrn 
M'lii In tlic^ ]{rtii-<'(l I{i-»iMiN tVnIi'i' in ]!^7"' hv th(' l^iid;;i't and Fisral 
Siiliiin of ilii^hranrh n^ \Klv^ <if it,"^own n-liri-d Jjohlin;:,-. Iiiphorl. wlial 
sIi'imM [i:ivi' Ihtii tili-d h\ iho hninch itM^lf y\:t< tilvd hy iUr Bnd£*ot 
and Fi"-' !il S{'cMon, and wliat '•lumh] li:ni' Imto tiled niuh'r the |>roiert 
tiilv. MK1"I*TK A. wa" iiUA nndi-i hndi:i"l :i^id liM^al ion tins. Tho rra- 
>'HL f*t\- this depnii inn from tho imrrMal pmrt'diin'of th^u lin^o isFiTiiply 
nc»i known. an<l a^ a result of it. Iinwrx'vr. i!ir niairrisit (\^-n|M-d rotrioval 
ajid ih'^frnrtion in 11»7H. as wv]) a- di-i^ivovy in \^7'k 

'J'lir r}n|doyii- \\!io hji Mtnl this niaT<-Ti;il ihc| s** hy h^avinj: ii*» stone 
tniTniiu'd in hi^ eti'oils lo ri-|«ind mi a FM'i'ch>ni of lnf«M-nialion Art 
rr'^ni'*!. Ill' soirial nf tlirin. in f:i*r. III' rrvirwi'd all of the hsiini"; of 
iiiaii'iial of t)ii^liiaTH'li, >riiMil at tin- llrtiriti Kr^ords ( Vtirri-. im-liidin;: 
tlif-<'i of I III- lUiilifi't inid Fi>i"il Si'i't ion. and thn- di--'orrrrd thr 
MKI LTliA-ivlalril d'N-nnii'nts. \\liii|) li:id U^en missed in the provionp 
s<^:iTil»e^. 

In snn^ tlir ajjeiii'v f:ir)i-il lo nrjiover the^e paiiirular dorntoenls in 
107-1. in thi' pivfc'-es* *»f alirin|itinj; to diMrov ihoni. 1\ piniilarly fnilod 
III lo-aTe thi-m in n*7"». in rr-.pmi'H" in tlu' (^loirth romniiTlr<- hrannp^. 
I am i»riM>nalK |HT^nade»l il^if their is no evidonrr of «ny attempt fo 
eo]i,-i-:it (liis oniti't ImI dllliiij; llie r;»rliiT poar-!ies. Mojvovcr. a& we will 
iH-iiij-s as Mc pnh'04'd, 1 do not iH'lieve the notorial itself is such that 



MORI DocID: 163357 






10 

iliin- vvoulflKn ninlivf'on ilif j>a7i f>f tl»r CIA in »-jil,lif>li] llus.hannf; 

Nr\(, h't ii>o wiovr U' Ih'^ iiJtM»n" nf xWi^i riT^^nth Irvafrd mnlcrial. 
It i- iiiii>nrtnni li» iTiimuilM^r \vli:ii | Imvi' jiie:( iK>U"ii, ihut tlipsp Mdfrs 
Hi;rf xverr ^lisi'iivort^'J WH- tin;iTifi- folfJrr^. Tin- luilk of tlir- mn'rrinl in 
Hu'Tm r-otisi-^l- uf fi|ipr(iv!»l'^ fur thi- n*lv:in''i' nf f^lu*l^. vonrl^rr*.. and 
jirrijiirjliij;:- and >^\ti-h. lun-r ui \\]\\ih t^u• Mnt vt'vy inffirninhvf nc to 
tin- n:»tiin' <if llic ni'l ivilir>* tlj^il l!iry won* R»i)>]»ort iii^r, C)cr!»>ioiiiil proj- 
t'l-t jiro]K*-iH-ornn'frnirin»d:< roumiMitiiiiroiipnnir fl'^perf of n jtuhpri^irrf 
flr*' W'!iM<'Ti'd lljMi*i;:hin»t tlii^ jijiitrijjil. In ci-jjrinl. Jjnwrvrr. tl)f' rf'- 
r'»\vr<'i? iiiiilfrjfil d'KS nof iiiiliuif ovmhII Pt!»ni< rPiv>Hs nr other ilnni- 
JiKTits ri'ljuiiii; fit ofwtaliriij;^ coij^iiJi^tnTioj*-, f»r to tin- piopri'^?: on 
v:ii um> Mil*i>Jnioi't^. tlii'Uj:li sinin- ilHUnnnoTi of tin* nMivitir* rOTitfjn- 
plipli^-l t]^H^';.■l|>[|^!^ fn*jM niii*'tf>tiTf:i\ 

Tlirrc nr*' intii:ld> thrcf rnti-^rfirir- of proji^rt=, FirM. tlirn- nrc 140 
y}K\ J^TIiA pnltpiojins. jjjjtnv of \v)i^'|i ApiH'nr (o Ijnv** some oonTic"* 
\U'\i \\t\\\ ivMiUiJi ititii lii'li:i\ ioriil niodijiriiiion. drufr inMnii'-itioii rtkI 
frytlriiT, "r /idiMinisfMJnj,' drtii:- ^iir-rcptiiiorisly, A'rinid, tJu-ir nrr two 
*H»\<- of ini^'rHsHicoii- MKTJ.THA pniirrs/hirludin;: n\\d\\ report^ 
nrjil firmn-'isil fitntciru»iH>. fmrji inti'rmfdinry fimdinjr inMinin^ms ij*vd 
to ''c>nri';il riA s|>onsoT>ljJj» of vmioii^i rosi^arrh projrrts, 

Fiiijilly, {]u'u- niv :v.i jidilitionnl siiKpfojpctv ronorniinc (vrtnrn iu- 
tC'lli/jPHir n<^tivitir< p»Tvioi)>ly fiJi.drd \m]vr MKl 1,T1!A hut iil.irli 
)in\i* Tn»iliiu^ til df» oitlin- witli l»*'haviorji| modifications, dru^:*^ nnd 
loxijis. oi'jijjy I'loM'Jy n-l^ti'd ointtrr. 

1\ *■ Iinvr fitti^nipfi'd to pionjv tlio nrtivilio^i rovorod bv the H^ ^uh- 
proji'i'is hihi i-niri;**ri,.K ijndrr do^rriptiv*' h'-ndliip^. In hrond oittHne. 
at li-ii'^f. thi,-^ pn-M^T^ts ihr ^oidi'tifF: of thop«^ filp^. The followinp 15 

ratr^'uiir-i ,ir'<. tirfr ni;r- Ur hmr dn idrd tliP--^ JIUO. 

i^ii^si, r*'<ir:irrli itihi iljc i»fl"rrf>. of Iwliiiviornl dniir^ nod W nlrohol, 
^A itliTfi lilt-, thrn :ir(^ 17 propd> proKulHy not involving hninan tost- 
inff, Tli'ir nrr 14 ^nlipnijint^ di'tiniti-h hivoUini: IrMinc on hninnn 
v'^liinh'f'rs. Tlnrc" ,'(n' i:'p"h;iT>iiiT*ji pmhnhlv iiK'hjdiiL2-t<-*:tson hiiiuao 

S*»i'oiMh llirir i- r<"^-irrh oo hypiiosi-» oiidil ^nhj^rojM -. inrhidin;: 
(Ml. Tomlviiij: hy]»iMi-i- :iii<1 dintr-: in I'OiuhiTintiiin. 

Tliii'"!. tlirn- nvv sivni jm.jrcN oji tlio Hiiini-iiion of choniif^aK r-r 

f<'»jrMi, four ^^nhiMoj'**'* on l]ir ji^^imtIs of tln' jnni:^»"ifii'V nrt. ii^fnl 
111 I'ovcit ojiorni iiiii^, for i)i-l:in>'r, \]u- *mn [>ti(ion^ ih'livoiy of dii*;;' 

Fiftii. ihi'Tf nil' nine proji^'U lio stodifs of human hohnvior, sloop 
r>'-i';ij- li. Hod J^'liavioiid rl/.niL'*- ilinin^r psvrhnthcrnpv. 

Sixth, f lirii" ni>" proicits *iti liht:iry yraii'hr- at*!-? at(rnilnnt= at ppmi- 
Tvn- uui] infornftt jon:d r'lnfrrrrjri--- on hi'l>nviori)l nio(lTfifntioni:. 

SiAijiiii, th*"Tv an' 'i^ pr<»j*i'ts nu nioti* atioii;iI sUidii'S. studies of 
d(fi"i(*»t-;, «sft'*:*TiH'n('^ of U'liiiviiif and trnininn' tfvhniqiros, 

KiirhUi-lhi'rr nn- Ihn'i- ■^nh|H"ir(t^ oo |folyi:ranh rrsonrfh. 

Nifrtli. thor<' t\v<- thvrr ^irh|)roK»r't- nu funding' iiiorhnni'^nis for 
M K r J/ri; A\ ('xti'mal i»^s*'!ir*h lul hit '\c$. 



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U 

Tenlli tlirre are fix siil.pmjrrls on rewBiHi on driips. (oxins, rad 
bioIoeic«ls ill hunm.. tis....'. i>r..vMon of rx-.tir pa.hop.ns i«id the 
rapaftlitv to inoorporat.. ll.ein in .-ff.-.tivr drlivrry systems^ 

Elcven'il) ihrro are thm- s.ibj.i-ojiots on aclivities whose nmture 

'"^;:mrniI^'r";llT-J-'^ -v..h inp fun.I.np support for t>»- 

^ on nl Fort IW lirli. M.l. Tins n.tivity is outlined in lio.>k 1 of the 
St^h comnMt.ee r.port. papes S&S to 3fi!>. (See AppeT.d.x A, pp. 

''^^nder TU'^ r.-oj.-ot MKNAOMl. tl,r Army as.ist^-d t^f J.^ *" 
de elopinp. .Minp.'D.nl ni«intr.hm,e ..olopual np.n.s «"<! del'v.r> 

• Tlmteenlh. tl.Av are Mnpl.- M.b|.ro,..rl. ,n ^"''''.»^"^jVn.l«irof 
Of el.<-tro>l.o<k. harassment techniqnes f..r offensive "«^ ■"«'>f'/ °I 
extrasensory perception. pa« prt.i>ello,I sprays and aero^ls. and four 

Kourternth. on. oi two M.hproi.cls .„ eaH, of the ^f •7'"P;.*>''^ 
pronp.np rescar< h : controllinp the artn.t.e. of """""'s: enerp> stor^ 
ap. nn.l transfer in orpaiiir systems; an.l stimulus and rwponse in 

"Fm.l]?v. IMirih^iT are three snl.projects rBiirelejl Mot^JT^^^otV 
was a.me on them havinp to d- «.th lal-or.tory druc 'f^.^'Y' F^^ 
searoli on brain foncussioii. and research on biolopically active 

""now! let mc a.hlre" how mnch this newly disrnvered material add= 
to what lias previously Wen reported to tW Chnreh '•^'^-fh "f 
to Senator Kenne.lv's SulH.mnnit.ee on Health. Tl'*- >"swer s basi^ 
calh- addition.! detail. The prii.cipnl tyi^-s of activities 'n^\"ded in 
thrs.. <l.«-uments li.ve for the n.o^t part been oV*''"^<°r '«.«','" ^ 
extent penerally d-s-riW.! in what xvas I"^V,">f !>' •J'"'''!^'^ " t", 
way of documrntntion and whiHi was j'upplied by the CIA to the 

Scnnto invest ipa tors. , i .x. ^„j „« loftrt 

For example, financial dishnrsement records for the T>enod of 1960 

to m.i for 76 of these 14!> sui.projrrls had b<:f" '^"^t^^^> ,!jf 
Office of Finance at CIA and xver^ made available to the Church 
SSimiMco nvesti^raton.. For example, the 1?M Inspector General 
^ in MKI-LTRA made arailable to both the f]!""'-'' ^^'"";''7 
and the Sul^ommittee on Health mentions electroshock and harass^ 
me.it subslanccs. covert testiup on unwitt.np 1 .S. nt.zcn.. tWarch 
for new materials throuph arranpcments with ^^^'l''^'; 'S^^^^^'"^? 
and nniversities. and the fact that the Technical ■''^™ .^'V? "" °J 
CIA had initiated U4 B.ibprojects related to the control of human 

'^FoSWance also, the relevant section of a IP." I"^?It'*°^tS"and 
re.mrt was fll^ made availnhlr 1o the Church committee staff, and 
that report discusses the techniq.ies for human »^^^™' ?'"' """ 
orthodox mctho.^ of communication, discred.tinp and d.sahl.nc ma^ 
y'riS which can 1- covertlv adniinistei-ed. studies on niap.c.ans arts 
n« anplicil to covert r,«-ratim,-. and other similar topics. 

Th- mo,t siLM.ifi.ant ue^v da., that has bcou '^'^"^"irJ^."^'?'?- 
the nam^ of rps.-arri,er.. and institnlions who participated m 



MORI DocID: 163357 






12 

hy iUi- i'l.\ I** u ]7T}\iif'- HE*;NMiiioM. ^Vr iiir' ititn ni thr pop<<»s- 

wlm :iiy ]iii'iiiit[(-il in thi' ii'ifni'UMl I liiil ii<'!ilni;: with IJjoBo 140 

niiU ulij'li llu'-i' projj. wen- uJlilmri^iJ. 'M»r iii-linilin]i> ii^'lml^* JJ 

A\}iili' th>- hlp'iiniir- of >'>nj'' of tlifs** iM^opK- mi-i iii>iinihnji* wfw 
knoun |>U'vJ"u>h. fJir tii^i'ijvri v of tin- Jl<■^^ iiirnnTii-- juliK f<» our 

'i'lii' fnrf. i\^ flii-y |K*r»jiii^ In llii- ]>o.=-if>ly in»|>rti|K'r '^ojitni-iifioii nio 
II- f^tHovv-. OiH- proji'.-t jjjvolvi'- 11 i-onniKnti'm of >;:17ri."WJn m ii liuiM- 
Jiiir fNtnl of ii pri\:Mf iih-iltriil iTi-Mtnrioii. 'J'jn- fun Hmf Hint ton- 
nil 'in ii>ji u:i- Ml^JiIr \W*> |0'r\|i>n^)y known. IlJlln'^L if WHS M/(Mnr>lH'll 

ill ihi' I'TtT n'poii of tl,.' |ii'|H-r"ioi (ii'Ticrul mi tlic 'IVilniii'nl Srrvico 
I*M r-*oii cjf ( "lA rli;ir sii|*iTvis.'il Mliri/n;A. ami p.Tf inoiif iiortjon- 
of tJii'^ ]r.ii] Im'i'ij irvirvii'ii h\ }]\f CJniMh ton^TnitriH' Mnfl, 

"I lir n\\\]\ iW—nwM-A iiiiMirijil, lin\\i-M.T. jjMiki'? il *-lenr fli:U t]i}< 
t-ittttit\njt\'.n W.I- limit' f)iroM£_'li rni JMh-inu'iIfiirA', "lji''}i iiihiIi* it nji- 
jn'jii- ii. tn' ;i )>Tivjni' ijMT];iMi*n, A- ;i r'* Jvjjf^ iJoTj^rion. the poMtrilnjf ioij 
w;i- tluii iM:Mrlu-il liv Fi"»l<'»;H fuiuK, TJii- in^titiiiion wji> not niridi' 

jn\!in- fil l)tr tnrc nv of lUv ;rifr. TM^ pirijcit wflc fipprovrfl 1^' 

iIji- iIm"]] ])ii»'ihu r»f ('»-nil';il Iiili-ll Jtr*'!**^*' nrifl roiH^Mnvd jri l»y riA> 
toji hi:oi:iL'^iii»iii iiirlmini:: \U- thon <irin'r:\l Conn^K-K who wi^fo nn 
Ojrfninji Miji["»Hnii: tlfi' K-L':ili»y t»f flic roTitnhutiofi. 

'J ill' ii'i'.jitIv ili-.'*iviTi"(l ilii.iuju'iit* filso ffjvr pif»ji!pi- jnsiirhf info 
i!ir H-rnjn" <if tlio iiinvin iiin iiJiiiin* of fho kXtu-s Ic^lilii;, hnf rotiirih^iti' 
lull*' jiMjfi* th:ni rli;n. AA'*' now {loh.ivr ''ormliorntin:: infornintfon thnt 
Mniir of ij]i- iinwiKin^' ^hw^ iv^Mu^ \\n> rorrinl mit in T^-}iut is known 
in Tfi.' inH'Mit:*!)'!' tnnli- ji- w:ifc^ hon-^- in Sun Fr-rin^'i^i-o mid in N**w 
\*n-U (''ii\\ uiu] wi- )i,'jvr ifli^tjlifiid ih^Tt fhrro indfviilnnls wpir in- 
vol\rJ in thi'- iiTi-Ioi'liikiii;:. wlim-Jit ^r piovionsly rr|voM(Ml Uirn- wn^ 
or*lv <inr pi'T'Min. 

AVi' irNn kiiow nou thill M»nir nn^vittinc 'pm inp look pTn-^o on rrinii- 
ii:»l >»-\n;t! p-y.'liop;itli- ronfin.'il nt n Stjitt' lion^piinh nnd tlinf n<Mi- 
tion:i)l> n'Miii.h wiis iJmH' ou n kno.'kou( or K tlru;: in pjirnUol witli 
n'H':M>')i to /h^vfjoji p;iinknh'r> for r;in''Oi' pnfirnt". « 

'riir-r. tliiMi. nii^ thr piiii.ipal fiiiilinff^ iilontifiril In thU^ in our rr- 

vn-\v of fill- rci'ovi-n-il nii»ti'i iiil. A*; noTii( cmlior, \\<- ItrYH-w tUc do- 

fjiil tm tho idrntin^'s of re,<f?n-Ii»T- nml inslimrion^ involvi'd lu TT ^ 

s|Hin<ui^ln|. of Avw'j mnl i»*fi;n ionil nuwlifii'iition ii^-Ji-nrrh is ft now 

oh-ninK nrid oiio vhh-li pm'- ^i coii-;ifhH|';j;,hp proMom. Mo-f of tlir poo- 

ph' Nud in-tihiiJoMv jmolvrd «i'ri' nol nwrnr* of CIA ^|>nn-oi>hin. Wr 

slumld j'orininlv n^-inm" tli;i1 ihi- v<'>-**nr*"hvrs :ind instilntiuns wiiirli 

'-onpi'iiiri'd witli <'I A on :i witliii*; lui'^i- nrtod in injod fnitli nnd in 

fljp InOi^f tli^T thfv wprr Jiidhi;: lln^ir novinoncnl in n h'iritiTiinJr niid 
proj»*r |i>n']KW|H, 

I lirli.vf tlijit «<■ nil lifivc El tnorni o!»)r£ri''on In tho<4' ipw»rirrhpni 
niid insiimhon- to ptotm thrjii fri>ni nny uopj-tifird rndiarrn^tmr-nt 



MORI DocID: 163357 



13 





nr ilamn"!' to tlji^ir rcpnlJitlfHi^ wliirli n^vchitioii of tlioir rlcntitif-^ 
u\'i"h\ lii-jn-- Til n.MitiniL 1 Imvc- it l<--:il olili;r;inun iukUt thi^ Pnvjicy 
ArV no( I*) puiili'ly ciisrlose thv nnim- of tlx' in-livjiiiial itst-ftrcliers 

'Jlii- i*i e<|M**-iallv Ir^n'. "f <rnjr-i\ f'n lhoH> rt'^^'ftn-nors and instilu- 

lioM- \\Wu\i wevv lijiwittiri^' jiHili''i|Knn- in TIA sj^nicoretl ftrtivitin=. 
N-ni.'UirJ'ss. Mi> CliniTfiijiTi, 1 .^<»il:uul\ ^fi-o^uv/A> (lu- ri-ilit aiul tli^' 
iHM'il fif hol]j till' Si'iiiii-' Srlfc'i'i Coinniiiti'f' mi IntclHprncc mul tlir 
SihiiU' S)ilK-oiT)niitt^i* nil Hnilrli jithI S.-i»'nlifi<' licsi'nrrh 1o inveptipatp 
Mm- rirrujn-rrnirr- of tlii'H- nrJivitii--^ in wlmlfvcr dolnil ymi oonsidei' 
m'"-(»'.->tiT\\ I mil pv'ivi.liii;: yonr rinjuniiin* \vii!i jill of tlip doninionta- 
lioji. ini'luilin;: oil of iln^ nnnvs. un n cht^^\i\v{\ l>n*-is. T liopt^ ihnt tlii« 
will fn< ilitatr vonr invf«ti;:fttioTi whili^siill proiirtin;: tlip irjdividiials 

I^'i im oniplinsi?,^- oirnin iIjM tlin MKIXTKA tvent^ arr 12 to 2i 
vrHv^ in flik pa-K and 1 nf^sinc yon tli-it ('lA i^ in no wny enpaped in 
r-idirr wiftihcornn«-ittiiii;1*'-tin;.'of (Iriiff^todny. 

Finnllv. I am working r]*>-*-}y wjUj lUf Attornry fionpr:*! on tbis 
Tuntioi, \\f HTv mnkinjf nvnilal-k' if. IIjc Atlornoy Gmoral ivhatever 
Miijii'iijils Iio nsav il**oin n*»<-<'^>:iry to niiv invostipntion^i fhnt ho may 
^lirl toinidirlnki-. Brvond tlinl. wi' nir^ !il>n woikin;rwi(h 1}io Attorney 
(ieni'nil In (Irtrnnhu^Vlirllicr it \> pi^a^^tirnM*' fiom tins n*w evidence- 
ff> hlrntifv iinv of \\w pnwn^ to whom dm^- niny hnvc bcrn admin- 
istnvil ninvittiiifrly. No ^nc It nnnH^- ?nr pnrt of tlirsr rerord^. IVe have 
\\n\ iili-nTifii'd ilir indivithinl- lo wlioni dm;:- werr ndministpred, btit 
wr uif tiyinjr now to ih"t*'riiiino if tlini- an* ndrqnnte rlues to lead to 
flirir idcniirnntion. nnd if ^o }io\v l>psi lo ^-o nlvonl fnlfillinj: tlie Gov- 
einihrnr"* ro^jjon-iliilili''^ iti l}ii<. iiiiiniT. 

>It. ri)oinnmi. ft= we pirwH'd wiili tlint pi-orrs^ of ftttemptinp to 
iil<nfifv thi' inrlividirjil- nnil tlien ilHt^rmininp whnt is onr proi-^r rp- 
•-[.oh-^iMlity to thi'in. 1 \\\]] krvp Ik.iIi of thes^^ rnrnniitteop fully ad- 
vi-i'il. 1 fliJinkyniKtii". 

SrniUor Imh vi:, Tlinnk yon vpvv ninHi. Admirnl Tiinier. Yonr 
spiril of roo)H*riitinii i-^ inui-h nppn'^inti-d. 1 would like to announee to 
tlir roiiiiniHt'*^ \hn\ in onh-r lo pivi^ every menilK^r an opportunity to 
pnrTiripatf in tliis Iiejirinp, tJml we ^wmld set a time limit of 10 minutes 
|ier Senator, 

Aihninil Turner. |ileas(» ^ive this eonntiitiee tlje poiie^is of MKT'L 
TKA- Wlio or what roniinittoe or ronuni-'ion or ap^^ncY was i-esponsi- 
hle fnp- dii^iiniioT up thi< pi'nndio<e nnd sinister profert, and why vva? 
it nern-^-in-y ? AV)i:*t i> tin- r!»lif)mile or in^tificiifion for *=nrli n pmjert 
nuA y\n- tlir^ Vi-esident of IIm- Tnili-il Srnte- nwnre of tlii-? 

Ailniiral TnivK!?. Mr. Cliiiiiinun, 1 nni sn\n*z to a^k Mr, Bividy OTI 
mv v\i:ht, wlio \^ n lon^-tiim- menil>i'r of tin- ("*1A to addi-es*^ thnt in 
mori- ilehnl, I IwlieM' evervthinj thni wr knn*\ nltont the cf-iie>i= wn« 
tnrned over to the Omnh i-iHiimiltei- nnd is i-onliiined in tliat mn- 
lerinl Bii'^ienlly- it was n riA-inifiatei! proin't. It stnrted out of a 
eoiieern of onr J>pinir taken ndviintaci' of hy otlier powers who wonld 
n-e dni^^ a:.':nnsl onr per-nmnd. ;ni*l it wa- :i|>nn)veil in tlie Affenrv. T 
have asked the question von inst asked nir, nnd have been rt^^sured that 
there is no ovidi'iire within tlie AL'i'ni-y of iin\ invtOvenient at hicher 
erlielnns. the Wliite Ilon-ir. for TnctnT»ec\ or s|x>eifie approval. That 
does not sa^' there wnF^not.hnt we have no surJi evidence. 



. 4"K i» 



<c- 




MORI DocID: 163357 



14 




Mr. I4r**cly, wnnlil yon aiilplifv nn uiv rfmiinriif- tlic»T, [jlf'n^c? 
y\v. }U\i*t*\. Mr, I'lciirniun, 1 irnll^' linvr vi'i v liilli^ to niM to that, 

c 1 :<l I f*r 1 inn'. Il wii- ii <'I A |irtijri1. :iT)il u< tin- u^liiiirnl mi: J. it vn^ 
Ji |ii'oji ii (lr>i*:pircl in nffeiiipt to lounlornrl what ^\^i\^' tlicr tlifiiiplu to 
1m^ u -ri liiij- HiirMt l»y our rrniuii'.* of o^inij (lii*;:* :i^Mij»*t n*, Mo.-^t of 
wWai iIm' wr kno\\ ^hoNt it i= in iIk^ SoTinH' Cliimli i-ohijiiitipc ivj>ort. 
Si'ir:iti>r fxjji V*-. AVtTi' lln' in^lliori/nl iMi-iulN'r'' of t]tv ("oii^rre^s 
]h:iil( :»\\:inMtf tiit^ [Jroji-rt |}iioii<;li ihr hud^iinry |jrfK'<'sji? 

S«'ii:iioi' Ixorvi:, Arr yon 'iii;:pi'-tiTitr tJint it wn*- iiitnitionally kept 

n\\-.\y from ifir <'"oii;:ii'» uthI lln- I*M■^Ml^►ll1 of llir I riitril St nit-? 

Aihiiitiil 'J*i n^^:li. No. sij-. AVr an* ajHy finyirii: iliiit wi' Imw no pvi- 
<li-tii 1' *Hii' \v;i\ iij" tl*f oilnr ns fo wlirtlii-r ilir ( '"ii':ri'7'S i^ji* infontipd 
of 1!m^ p:nli<ijl:ii |iro7('rt, TImto ar** iir» rPconKlo jinlifnti'. 

Sru.iTor Ini-i VK. Adiiiira) TnTTiri\ (ijv Vdii |H*r**onHllv pati'if)c"d bv 
licrujil inM">f i*;:ii icj;i iUni tlii* riowlv *!i'>ro\*n''l inf<"nNjiTinn whs not 
intijiNo»i:ill\ kr|ii nv^Eiv from t Ik- Sriial*>of iIm- Vnilnl Sinl*'?^? 

A*liiiirji( T\ i:\Kr. 1 Ijiiv*- iir» wnv fo provr tlmL Pir. Thnt it my con- 
viii jrni from ('viTyllii)i;: 1 liiivi- si-i-n of it. 

SotjrtTor !\ii< 1 »:, Now. wi- liinc U'<'Ti ntUisOil tlirit thrso dorinikonts 

Writ' iuihjilK ilir-i-oHTi^*} ill Marrli of tlii- vt'nr, nuA \*i\\ wrrr notifipd 
jri .hil\ itf ])i\^ V'viT. nr -liiiu* nf rlii"- yrnr, mid tlu' f-'irnniitH'o wa*; iioti- 

tiiil in -liil\ . Can yon f<'ll ii- wh\ iIk* l>in'ifor of Ccolral Tntrllic'noo 
wii- hoiifiitl '-\ itt*iuxh'- nfhT il*^ initnil (li>i-o\i'iy. wliy tln' dolay? 

Ailruir;*' Ti jjnm:, Yi-s. sir. AM fhi- stnrtr*! witli n^viTiil Fn'fdnin of 
liifoT million Art rr*|nrvr^, nn<J Mr. T-!inl»inpi'T on my ]rU wns tlio in- 
*Iis i<lii;il V lio to<ili if upon liiin^Of to pni'-'iie tli'^^c rf'<|iir<t= with preat 
ilili;rrTi<v, ritni tjni pi'iinis'-ion to jfo to tlit- Itrtii^'il lIi'<-or<K P^ntpr. and 
tlirTi n*ruir tin- (h't'if^ion I'l h>t>k not only nndi^r what wonld 1* thr ?x- 
pnii'.T -nhjcrt fili>. Imf throN*;!) ovny filr «ith whii}i tlip hraiirli that. 
ion'lih'i»''l tills typ4- of artivity ha*l nnv roiTOfival'l*- ronn<*^tioTn 

Vi'iy hiTr in ^Inrrli. ]«- t|iscovrre<l ihc**^ M'vi^n l>oxr>. Hi- arranjrrd 
to liav*" i]\i-\\\ sli!]*[u'(l from tho Itftiri'il I^mthiK Cantor to A\'ashinff- 
(on. til I'Hi ]nioli|njin*'i>. Thev arriv<'il in nirly Aj»ril, llr ailvin-d his 
n]»|»n»]iri:il(' ?ini*rrior-, who askod him liow lonir hr tlifni^^lkt it wonld 
t;ikr }iim to ifo i!irfin;;h tlir**^ and sitoph thrni a]>pE'opriote!v, clear 
ihi'ni for Krii'itinji of Inforinjition Ai't n*lrn<-r. 

Thvrv n\*\ wc nriijiinilly iM iiintitHh .VKhj pn^ro^; hf^ro. Wr now think 
tlnil wa- un onili'iv>tipniilion. anil it ni:iy hi' ctosiT tf* S.i>*"J pai,'0>. He 
p>tiriiali'd it wcinM t:ik»' ^Umi -iTi ilavs or into th.' iiiiddk- of Slay to 
do tli;ir. Ih" wa-' toht in prfh**i'<K and a^ In* did ^o \]wrv wa- iiothinp 
ini'-ow-ird ill thv Ih'^nnnin;: of tlir-f* 14!* raM*-; tliat fl]*^K*nri"i| pnrtirii- 
larly startliri:r '»r partimiarly aildiltvi* to tin- kiiowlrdiji* that had al- 
rraily hrrji ;:i\rn to tin- (^Inuih i-ominitn-f, ^<nn^' ilotaiK. hnt ho major 
rrM'hil io]i<^. 

Uv and lii- n^Mriatf- ]>i'f"'i*»'th'd with d»dilK*ratcpio>>Jmt not a prpat 
Si»nM' of iiiiff^nrv. 1*hi*rr wrrt* offn-r intt'rfrrin"- n<'liviiii'- that rnmo 
and di'Jiiandi-d lii^ tinu' ;i1^o. 1h- \va> not a Mr to |Mit liHi }H'r<-pn1 i^f hir: 
tiriir- on il, anil tla-ri' did ni»t a[>piMr to hr i^an^r fui- ii ■.'H'at ni>Ii hrrr. 
Wr wi^rr hvin;; t<» 1m' iv*jifm^*\*' to t\\r Kri'i'ihun of Information Act 
roijni'-^l wUImji thi- limil:^ ui uwy inanjMnM'i and onr priorities. 





MORI DocID: 163357 



15 





In i-.ir\y June, honi'ici . ]ii- ih^.rtyfV'-i] twn jirojf^rts, th(- onr* rolnfcd 
1i^ K lU lU- iMi^l t\n- oitr n-l<ili't] 1o llir f ijiiilJTi;: jit l)ii- rn-^t if utjon, nrwl 

iriilt/A-il \m ili:t1rlv itiNi 111' Ii.-i'l >iiZ>^t]kriT jjil lu-w iiifornutlioM, aiiil 

111' iiHti)i>Ii:iti']v it'jkfirti'il 1 Jii<- I'l lii> siijH'r in) ■>. 

'l\\it jii'i jiiri^ n»'H" riik^'fi. < >!»■' wri'- ici nof jfv tin* Ijiuyi'i*' of (hi' pHii' 

iij^»l ]■ ll'r>l<*!il Ijf I liffUniMl fiJII A'l lVijni'*l(»T lllJit Wr would IjiUT MlK- 

^tHinr:ril ni'x^ ]ii:ili-riu1 ainl iIihII i( wriuhl 1h- foilhi-oniin;: n^ ntpidly Bs 
po**jlilt'. jirul lli<^ Hco]|i| \\i\- lo ■iliiti 11 j(*rjnOKni(tiiii» u|i tin* chain 
f Inn in"lir;ii*iMn*' Iji'lJrf iJm! wc .■Klioirli? n'ltlf v flip Sojr;ilv Srli'cf Com- 
niin*'i" rtn liil-i'lli^'rnri' of llii^ ili^^invi-jv l«"iini-.t' of f li*' rljiivarU'iflt Ipast 
of Un'M' U\fi Hr«tinioi»t'*. 

A** tliai |Mih>'t"ilt-fl H]t finin thr l-'llli of Jinn', at purlj prliplon wr* had 
lii ifo tlii'm<rli liii' ^*;:!il ofiiir, llu" lc^'j^l:if ill' lini^on ofli'i" anil ftt fhr]\ 
f^'lii'liin jil"mT tlii^ Sium- ijUr-iioTi wa- n>k*'il *if Jnin: Jljivr you ponr 
t}iri)ML'li lOi <>f llii-, **n ijijit wJuMi w<> notify tin- y^-uati- S**lf*<'t CfJJii- 
miticr wo df^ noi notify fiftlf of tIh' iiij|w>Tiiint n'lpvotioo* nn*l not thf* 
oHi'i' hiilf^ Ti»'" lii^T tliin;: I wjuii. Mr> ("IiuiTJnjU). i*- in nnv wav to 
l-o nil ;uiy t^ipii'. ffi\r tlw .T]ii'r:iniih'coii jHjy tojMf' of I win;: I'ecalritrant. 
rrJnriniiL or li-ivjii;: lo 1i:jm' yon t\n\ii tliijifr> oiil of itii', nnd inv suh- 
(jnliiiJiTi's. tnn^li tn jijy iilcu-'nTf, had t^a^h A>k''d. Jinvc von i^collv pono 
flirniiirli ifii-r s.(*iHi jiiipe^ rnon*-}! to know t}»iit we nre not ^inf to 
nnr<nrr a l>n]ijh"ih*'ll dowji at tfn'Imflom ? 

]{y h»!r plnn.\ jilrtnil fln' •J^\U. tin- pror(»>x i^nrltod niv do]nity. He 
nnTiliril ir)c afr**?' l»is ri'virw of it on thf 7t1j ^f -Inly, whicli i* tltp firit 
1 kmw of it. 1 lf;.Mn riM'lin;: into ii. ] n^kod fhr Mime iJr-ohin;; qne>- 
tion iliriTily. 1 iln-n notified my -nfirrioi-, ninl on (In- l'»(li dolivered 
to yon jMV [.■fti-r lotrinir von know lli;it we had tin-., and wp Jinvp Iw^n 
work;nl^ m:iiiy iieopir, many honi- sini-o thf-n, to W sure thnt what wc 
aii' Irllin;: >ou today dot''- jn<'hjili^ all thv ivlevant mairrinl, 

S.n;"h»i- Iv'-rir. 1 wimhl !jk<' to I'timmond Mr. Ijinliiii-^'cr for lii?: 
ililiL'-'TM-i' and i-XiH^niM", !"til wn^ Thi'« diliL^i-nic the n-Milt of the Free- 
di»iii of lnf-.nnritii>Ti \*-t or foirld tlii^ dili;r<'n<'e hiivi^ l»orii rxrrcisfd 
din Oii: thi' < 1nn\h iH-jirin;:^ ? Why wa'- il not exrn-Wd ? 

Adtnirat Tijim ii. 'Jln-ti' 1^ no ijnp-l i'm tfiat i!ieoroliral!y thi= dili- 
t'l'ii o I'oiil'l h\)\v liei»>i exni'iM'd at any tJTni', nnil ii may wpH Ik* that 
tin- KiiTiliir.i of Information An ha^ nmdo ns more awniT of thU. 
WiiidJ viMi >|h"ak f<n- yonr-(dt. llU■aM^ 

Ml, I,\x'in^*:r.lc. 1 reully di»n"f ntnibnie it- S<'nnior, tit dili;jence 5^0 
noii]i a-" rhtiron^'hne:^:^. If y*»u r:Mi inia::ine tlic pres^-nre'; imdor oi^ 
or;r:Mii/:jhoM nA In^' In r-o'^]KiiMK uliirh 1 tliink llie CI A dill n1 ihe time 
of I In- (*hni'i h i'omniirirr In a? ii;j-. th* hid 1 way* of thr Hoor I am on 
wen- fnll of 1h)\i- fmtji onr rl'l-lnd^ i-rnU'i. K\'ery ho.\ that anyoin^ 
thon::lrr iniild |Mi^<ihh roniain anyihin;.- wji^ railed ti]> for si-nrelt. Il 
\\u^ line itf a franii'- i^tlorl lo i'<nu|d> . 

\\\\ri\ thr pri'-^nrr of ihai -itnalioii e"<d- »1owjk nnd yon fan stnil 
liHikin:: at thinir- »iv*ti'rojn nalh . yon air a] it lo Hnd ihini'*^ thflt yon 
wonMn't niidi-r tin- licat nf :i rra*h ]iro;;i:nn.:ind thai i^ \vhal ha|>|>en('d 

hetr. 

.*^riiai(*T l\**l M- J'hank von M^ry nm<h. Senator Kerniedv? 

Srimlor l\l.^^rl^^ . Admiial 'rnrm^i, Ihi-* i> Jiri enormously di-^Trrs'^' 
ih;i rrporl Uiat von ;:i\e tnthe Ann'rii-an ( *oni:i'e^- and In thr Anierli'an 
|H'<»|ile lodiiv. (nanlrd, it ha]^]"'ned many \eai> a;ro. linl wlirtt vt arc 




MORI DocID: 163357 




Ifi 





;i^ p.Ilv nlU-a' ;.l-.put IS n,. „.hv.-, ul.H, t.K.k pJn-,. in (lie cnunfrv 
tli.il rtM.,lw<l tl„. («■,■.. t-M.. li i,r,.| fh- .oiTMi.tKm ..f mrniv of our oiif- 

-Miiri.lrti- i-(.m:ii.1i ,vij«-r> u, ij.,- ,. iiiv.«iili ('lA fi.n.U. wiipro ■'onie 

<.r i.iir i..|. iv-.r:MvI,.-,> «n.- ni.wit. !„;..)>- ii.vr.Iv.',} in rp^iiroh Eimn- 
s..rc,; 1.V III,- A-.'Pi.v ii> wl.ii), tl„-i l,;i,l no Iciiowl,.,!-,. of til,. I'ack- 

m'llllirj iilllir Shl]l].l>ll for. 

Mii.l, ..f it v;t^ ,lotH- «i(li Anifii.iiii liii/cns wIki wi-rr roninl'telv 
..(ik(,..«,f,;: ill Ivrr.i- of ti.kiii- Viiii..u> dni-s. nn.l liu-rr niv ptrlmps 



"">■ ' ''"■'■ "f Aiii,ij..:mj: m1„> iut wnikiii-'jiniiiinl tr»iin"oii 11)0 Pn<t 

tlint 



ronMnrwo^lrnnM wlM»wnvyivHMhi,p^,wiiJ,nnt)u-kinrK*»fp}n-i^^ 
nii'l |i«r.'Iit>l«i;rMiil ihw-.iizi- tl^jii nni 1-.- rauM-.I. We linvo pnno nvrr thai 
muiy r^nvf.il .It-tiul, nthf il i< si^'in[i,-m*t an^ fU'Vi-ro iiuIi'iMl. 

I ilii not kiir^v whM i-miU l.r tUmv in n l*— (Jriinirrnlif <*oiinfrv 
thnt \v(nij.l 1h- iMiw nlirh lit om <t\vjj fijirjif i»n- rli;ut ^0- rvaUv t]nne 
m Iliw iiiin-.n\ iuvii- n>i.l j*> you'^riu^ ^In^ rcj'OTl fn Mir i-oni»nlTt*^, I 
wo|i)il hki^ ti* jjol (!oiji(^ wn>i> of yonr own ooiuvni nlHiitt tlits !vj»f of 
nffivifv-nii'l J»"\v vou iva<-MuivHij ri-suriiffl ilij> importnnt ivsjKm 'nihil- 
ity with t^.- f<iiifiilcTiri- of rM'>:i*li-iil Cuih^r ajmI tUv inprwhfhiiUif: 
siip|>f^n, nlivjc^iisly. of ihp, t '^-u^'if'--.. tmthr J)ii- M^t of fivninisiaiKV.-^. 

I tlid Jiol t'lt iiiitrh of n frrli>i;: ii) ic-viow inp vour Ptn1oN>(>nt horolhis 
nioniint: of iIm- liiiu] of nMmnx-iirtH tr» tlii^ lyp'r of |)nct flclhjtv wiiidi 
T tliini; thi' Aiiirri.'jui peop^^ wouLI roTlninlv iK]ilon' Biul ivhich I 
U'lirvrllia( voiijii.lmi <on(i| yon roiiiiiif]iln|»on flint ijiirFT ion, ftiiiUlsn 
prrhi^ii- ;,'ivi- u-i \\hi\\ iilriis vnu |ka\o to iu^inv tlh-u it cannot linppen 
n;::Liri * 

.\ihi\'\r.x] TyusYM. Sfi\itU4}- Kc-rnTi-Oy, it is totally nl)}inrreiit to nif to 
think nf M-iTi;: ji ImniitTi U"in;:;i^!i ;:iiin<M pi^iiml in iuiy wny jciiimHiz- 
ni;: ill- Hfr un-1 hi-- luTilil). n>i jonHd how irirjit Hn- (■nn-r, I am not 
hnr ti' p;j-- ]n(l;:ii/»"ni on n»\ prfjli'ir->'>rs. I»n1 I run n'^-niT von that 
till- i< Tot:)l*y Ipi-wnid iliv p:ii,- of niy rfinttinpl^lion ttf t\f\\\ itic^ that 
Ihi^ CIA f»t' any ndirrof onr inTi'MJ;:rnrc^ n;:!'/!*]!--^ -honM nntloflake. 

T :tnt taking' ainl liaxr t;ikin whal 1 1m li.-vo :Mk- a'li^*in;itr j'ti^p'^ to 
ili'^nn- tlijii -lull tUini'- jjTi* n^t i'fnilin>iin:;linia\. 

S-nrUor K^.^^^*■>. ( rjuM \nn u-)] n- a InHi' Jtit :jl.ont th:}! ? 

Ai}niirjtl It n^fi;. 1 fmu' ii-k.--! fur n ^ih'ri^J rrp^m a-^nririi: mo thnt 
thci-o UT.' no ihn;r awiviiii- rxtunt. iliat i^, thn^z airiMni»> flmt in\oivc 
^'^^K'^inn■Jltli^M^rl. < ll.\ iini-Iy, wr rnllv.l in1rlli::rn* r wUtni ilni;:- nm) 
iln»^' n-i- iij f»llirr ronJiliii**'- hin tlir n- ari - no rNih^ri^iij i^ia T^*'^^" LciJ^r 
■ ■<n»ilni'iri| Jjy tin' (^-niial lnt*Oii;:t'ri.'(' A;.'*"i»y, aihTi liaw had a -in-riaJ 
nu'i'k nijiih' iM'.aii-'i' fif nrMitliri- iri'-iilcrii lliaf iva- tou'ovcm'iI ^onic vonrs^ 

"p» ^"^ ( llir nnan(ln^ri/.r*l ntnitinn 'if >"ni<- ni\i.- maUriaK at fhv 

CJA. I h;iM' tjMiL an arinai in-pi'ii i.»n niaik- of ^hl^ -inia^v ph>'-<'- ami 
iJ)*' rcrijlii-atain fiiiTn >]*.■ \Ht>\.]t^ in char*:*' of iliij-r tij.'it ihrT'- ah' no 
-n-h ''l.''nrii'al h(iih/;:i.;il niafrrraU pn-rni in <n\r Ivrpin^'. ati*l 1 linvo 
i-'*n'<h\|ni>-oiih'T-thrit tliaf -li;ill rmt hrlhiMa-r. 

Ht'Miiul fh:ii. 1 |i:n,> io ii'T\ in hniri' nn-^-nrp on niv -otw,. of ronv 
manii :in.| dir.-iilnn f>f ihr pi-upl- an- 1 ihrir knnu Ir.li.-^' fif thr aintnde 
I )\u\> jn-1 <-\pic-M',ltuyoN in ihi" M-^rar.l. 

Snjn.t'Kr'wrjn. } ihuAi fU:it \^ ^^■l■y rin i-n-hil.t, , 

Ai}r*iirMl T\ u\i:t:. Tiiimk \nii,-.ir, 

Srnatnv Kkwvmt. 1 liiink ii i-^ inipmiaiK liial ihr Aninirnn p<>ople 
nmh-r-tand lh;it. 



MORI DocID: 163357 



17 





VoM know, Tuiirli of till- iv-('nr<1» wlii.li i^^ our arra of iiilrrp^f that 

tivifips dfini* bv ilic A^'l^^ v, 1 nm (■oiivincril f0i»1il hnv** U'on douf in n 
^';ri*iTiiah" way lliMuiirf* fl^' r<*-*"iHr[i |»M>;;rJijtj-. of llrr Naltonn) ln^l\- 
lnh> *if Mc-nlal Ui'nltli.nllii'i -irrin^-inril mlnitio, I incnn. tltnl is*oim' 
*^tln^r fjin'-f I'lTi. h\ii ] think you wi-n^ to nu nnfnl loi of froiihlf, wlioi'e 
iln">r tlnji;-^ i-ouUI have U-i'ii. 

r^j ihc :i-U >ou s|M'<'ifi*ulIy, on llir folluwuf* of MKl'LTRA. arc 
iJjpvi' now — 1 think you \\u\*- nn-wwi-iL bnt ] \Minl t't pft n riijiipUlp 
nnvwfv ulioiil any c.\|«*i inx'ntntiori- xh;tt n\v \mAu'^ <lonf on htniian be- 
in^:*. Avljc'tlior if i'- dm;:- <>r lH"li!»vioi;»i nItriiUion* or |>ntlcin* or any 
Mi[>poir. ('itlirr (liivrHy or iinlfr'-^ily. Kctu;: jnoi idril }i\ t]iv Aj^rrif y in 
Irpni^of !inv PXjirnnirntjU ion on linnnit lH'in':>. 

AiJniii':il Ti nvr.i:. Tli -'H' i' norMn'njii';ntjiti'Mi tvlMr Jftj^:^ on ImjiMTt 
UJjf^-. \vitt]>>;jor unw jfiifii:. Iw-hi^TooiiM-tiM liTInil \v t ^ ^ 

Scniiror KKNVKnv, All Tiplii.<'i l» in;;MjiHioi (t^riiiTlTrvotly ? I mean. 

Ailnni:il 'rrT;\r(;-<*iU"in^inini> wuv ^n]'|uir'i**l, 
Strjiiioi K IN %>:»>!, All rij;Jii. lloiv ;jl»>i]r tin- noniJrnp rx|H^iinjpr>ta- 
Tinii inir (\»ninhi(l»"i" hn^ M-i-n — p^v^■i»c*^u^;:^r-\^ for fxinniilo, or Pfv- 

11"! la i'l* 

nMoirn'.'H ri'H'jiii'J/ ; 

Ailmiriil TiuNr.i;, W'v :\rv ronlinniilly involve*! in wlmt we rail np- 
'^r.j-rncnf of hrhnvjor. For ins^inr*^ wi- nrr trying to f-ontinnally ini- 
prcvy our |>ri1><:v:i|iji jiiin'i'iJun*- to. yon know. a-M^*^ u-|ii>ilioi a jirrMin 
I- ]\hi^ ill uni. 'r)jj- t!#h- lu'i in Veil vr tiny tJuujMTini: with lln' indivifi- 
njil IkhU. 'Jhi- i)ni>Tvr* -Inclyin;; H'loril*. of iiPo|ik'"> Iwlinvior nndor 
fHtfVrt'ht ''iTv-nnr-r:nrr(\s. txut] h-i on, l<nl it \> no* an cxjwrimontaJ thinp, 
H:i\<' I iIi'-,rilH\l that inrmuii'ly. A!? 

Ml, IJi^c.nv. Yt-. 

Si-nalor lCi:vNrnY, A\'rlL it i-liniilril fi^liifiM* arra-? 

A-hnicn 'J^n;\i:r:. Vo-; ii ihn-^ tuH in^'o^e attpniptinff to ino<Iify be- 
liivior. It only invohi- -tnil>ni;r hi*li:n ior rmnlitioji-, I»n1 noi Irvjnp 
to a.^tJAi'ly rnoilify it. a- wn-^ orn- nf thv nbjiv(i\v- of AIKTLTKA/ 

Si'iioior Ki:>;\rr>Y, Wi-lh wi- :>rr >i":iriv on tinir, hnt 1 Am inlri^stntl 
in till- othri' urc;!'* !H'siiji-^ |»ol_\;:n»|)h wlu'ir yon nri' iloin;: it, Mnvlw 
Vim ran cithi^r ri'-|"i»nl nr»w or>nhnnl it for |]»V mtohK jf von wonlij do 
rJiat. WonM yon providi- tliai foi'ilir uvoi.i? 

A'lmii'Nl TrifNJiK. \o^. 

[Thcnuni'iiiilon iiMiliolo^rii^al a->->«'->Mnv]i(- fi>l!ow>:l 

I's>rlnp|n;:itn3 n'^M'^'^mi'uK iin- |»'rf.triinM i\^ ii s^rvin- (c« n1h■-l>t■^ lit th(» ni«*ra- 
nioi^ ilini'tnriir wU.. n-cTiin nud i,f tiiiiLilh- ucf-i.T^ Kxiv^i f.,r |ioiinl.> Ijivolvi'd 
II) innniiii: .-inirv-. ijn^ *.iii»jr.r* .^f tu*- ».^,-.>,i„-nj^ -jr,. f,irfii:rj imtM-nfth TJii- 

A iii:i>.rily .rf ihf \*oTk in ^li.iu^ )»* „ ^ijiff i»f Jrnijii'*! i»vvr'hnh-cJsl»i nontP nf 
la^Jirr't. J>rr<-iT »w,s*iin"tit< iim»lv<- a i-i-xpiiat iinprvi<»w pf tlip fJUl^Wl bj- (he 

Ki'ii.^ 1y>l ' wliirh \^ ncXanUy u disfllis.-il I^Tr|)ulMj;iri»J tpsi ludivid^Hils l*»iiiff 
»..,..,,.,! ,,n )».>! ;rjWNJ .hn^v /»"r itr.> tIh^x *^Nhif<-tr«l r-. r*Ji.*>i.;.J hi\r:f^^iin^t,t ..r 
T'-rnir,* \\t,vu n|i,T:i[]iii.' "..u.lrri.iii. jin- Kii.n lU-.ii u Uuf^tf-Tn*,. iiitervi^-w ik iu>l 
jM.-^'^iUN- Till' |K,^^■lh,^.^i^r ih:i> fjn :ni iiKhr.'.r n^*^v,n.rut. n^iuK j|>> MMirr* m:i- 
t*Ti:Llx t|.'x.Tij.tiMi,- nt rlu- '^Lili.i.Hi l..^ „iliiTv iJXerv.^uj* with JiW»iilt ftJm kin>w 



I 



MORI DocID: 163357 



18 





Jo^jciil ;i:-M'>-iL<i hr TJir wvti^ j^ d<>iiv l-\ it |-.iir >if ir;jmk'ii 4:r;j]jJi4ih>i;isls. A»j(jlMi 
b} a Muall iiiiiiiInT uf JiJiii^uri'Uit'ur Tttljhi'jiih'«, 'Mn'* isrinTiiUj n-^jinrf at leuBl 
a'|ia;:i- ot liijJiil» rillr'ii s(n|i1 !■> Ibi- ^M^Je• t Mi'a»iirtiuf]il-> ure UJJjf of about 
au il.ll.rtul wniiii:; rtiiir;ii UTl^ill-^> and Uw>i' ;in- tburied uuU furujihtnJ lu Uj« 

'J ln' iP'jn h*»luj;i?'i* aUi" ;:ivi- iTHiiM's tij jt'itc hifl*'j:K'ul ii-^i's^-iuviir li* gruui> of 

till? truiJiiui: nmrM'. liir iu'-lru' i">r U^-o u i»vi bulogirjil utM'»un'iJT of CAclt 
i^iudeiii. 'I'iif blHiWuib- uri- vsiUlJJt; i>iinjd|iaui>> Hh*} r»uha art djei^ukbrd witlj 

11 i> iLip'TtJiiJi In reilfrufi' ihnt iihvi'li'^Iojjkal assi-sMut'JUs urr only a iwrvit* 
U' 1h%- olmTUJJiitJs iiibt-vr^. Ill IL^ liuul jiJiul>al^, it In llti- rt^iHMi->ttiiUl> iff tbi- 
u|4>riLlJiiJih ottiriT lit diiiJt liow u jioKTiliuI Uhfi'Nl Kliuiih) U- up^iruucUed. ur Iv 

Adiun^] TvHvtR. Tlir kind of tliiJig ^m- art iiitin-MiiJ in is, what 
will niuii^Hti.' u iitaii lt> betuun- an a^iil of Uli' Inili'Li States in a ditii- 
cult siluutioii. W'v haw to U< fanulinr wjtJt thai kiiul oi actituiiina] 
itri>on!jo (hat \\i- ^aii cxpi^cl fnmi ^>ei»plc wi- up]'tou< )i tu foj one rta>ou 
or uji"ilifr iM-ruhir (nir i>pJ('^, but 1 wilJ U- Ixiipj^y ly bubinii a very 

spi't:itic listing of t^le^e. 

Sciiiiti/r KtN>ti»y. AVoiiliI vou do that for tJjr lonniiiMrf? 

In tJu followup>, ill tlio MKSKAKCIL in tin- OFXKN, and the 
CillCKWlT, <.ould you givi» us uJ:&o a report un thosr pani^-Lilar 

Admiral Tliinlb. Vcs, sir. 

tH*n:it<ir Ki;\m:uv. Did th*'y involve oxperinicntntijm, hinnan 
expfriiumlation^ 

Adniiiul Tvi;ni:i(. No, sir. 

Sennioi KrwKin. None of them? 

Adtnii'jd '1 1 nsr.ii. 1-i't nio say this, that CIIK'KWIT j>M>j:rani is the 
rode nmiip for t)ie CIA partinpuliuji iji whrtt was Imsitally a l>ei>art- 
mcni of Defense program, Tni> pio^rrain ivas suinininited and re- 

f>oi1rdiotlie C'Injrch lunuuiUrr, lo the ConJ:re&^, and 1 liavc sintr they 
lave U'en reinentioneil in tlie pre.-^ in the last :l <h"y# here, 1 have not 
\\\\d time topo tfii-oiiirh and pixinally review tlieni. I have n?rei1ainrd 
that alJ of \\h- lik-s that we had and made availahh- liefoiv are intact, 
and 1 Jiave put a speeial order out that nobody will enter tht>j^' tiles 
Of in any way touih them witlmnf niy iw*nni--iiai at this point, but 
tliey an- in tJie Ri tired Re^'ord?^ Center ont^ide of "Washinj^on, and 
ihey air availidih-. 

1 am not iirepaivd to pive yon full details oti it. licraa>'e I J^implv 
haven*! read into I lint part <»f ^nr hist iny .hut in inhli(ion ] woiihl s\ig- 
g:*-t wiu-ii we waiU iv p-t into thai we >hiadd >rel the DepJirtnnnt of 

DefeiiM' in with us. 

Senator KrwKin. AVelL you will =nj>ply that information to the 
Iniein;5riiee O'lnniittee, the rrh'vant, 1 iin'iiu. tiu> heultli a^iiect?. obvi- 
ously, a»id the researdi we are inli^resn d iTi * 

Aihnital TtwvK"- Ye-, sir. 

Senator Kf^NVKPY. 'Will you let u< ktmw. Admiral Turner? 

Admii ill Trn\Kn. I will V>e ha]>py to. 

f Se(* p. l^n for th*' niaferjal i-efrrr»'d to.] 

SennH"- K>;xnki>v. Thimk yf>u. 1 nm rutnifu^ mit <>f tiuje, Dn you 
= ni»prtn the e\teu-ioi» of the profreljnu of lunnau sidijeets le:;i^latinTl 
t'. ineludi' the CIA and ihr DOU? Von r*.nuui nird fa *>i'!ihly on that 



MORI DocID: 163357 






19 

before, and I anj hopeful we cni> pet that on the calendar eirlj in 
Sepi ember, and ihat is onr strong inleii-sl. 

Adiiiirai Ti-rxer- Tho CIA rei1«inly has no olijertion fo that pro- 
posed legifilntion. sir. It is not my rol? in tin* adiiiinisfratton lo be the 
supporler of it or the endorser of it. 

Senator Kenn-eht, A*i n porsonn! nmtti-n sinre yon havr rpviewed 
tlieso snl*jec'f^, wonli] yon ronniKnf ? I knnw it i> uia\U unusual but 
you cnn undt^rstnnd vhni we are altoinptinp to do. 

Admiral Tcrneb. Ye?:, sir. 

St^nntor KrvvEnv, Fron) vour own exprnrnre in tiie apenrv tou 
can understand the value of it. 

-fu*^! filially, in yonrown te^tiinonv now with this ndditionnl infor- 
mation, it seem*^ quite apparent to mo tlmf vou rnn reron^tniri in Ter\' 
rarefiil detnil this whole pT-ojrrt in tenn« of thr rrsponsiMe CI \ 
ofhnnis for the propram. Von }»nve so indicated in vour testimony. 
>ow with th^- additional infornii»tion. and the peoplrl that hav*. been 
revealed m tlie exnmmation of th^ df^ftiments. it seems to be prettv 
olrar that vou can track that whoh- proffr^m in ven careful detail. 
Hml I would hope, you know, ihai vou would want to pet to the bottom 
of It, as the Conp:res^ docj= as wiOI. I will come back to that in mv next 
round. Thank you ver\' much. 

Senator Inouit.. Senator Goldwaler ? 

Senator GornwATKR. I have noouestion*. 

Senator Ixm IT. Senator S<'hwpiker? 

Snnator SrHWKTKKii, TJiank you, Mr. Chainnan. 

Adnnnjl Turner, I would like f o pi> b^n k to vour teptimonv on naire 
12. ivlietv yon dtscu^s the contribution to tfie huihlinn- fund of a 
private medical mstitution. Vou statr, "ludej^d. it wn-^ nicntioned in a 
IpM Tnsp^rfor (Irncrai i-ei>ort on the Technical Sen ice Division of 
* lA. jH-rlmfnl poition^ of whirli had l>i'pn n^viewrd bv the Church 
committiT staff/" I would !ik»- to hnve yon con-kler tliiv que^inon verv 
canfnm, ] sined as a member of thr oripinul Ciuirch committed. 
31y stflflir dirl a lot of the work that yon are referring to here. He 
niadu not*'> on the lOV iTpon. Mv fjuesiion to vou is, are vou sayinff 
that the 'Section that spi'cificnliy drlin.'atos an iniprojXT contribiilion 
was m fact ifiven to the Church rominittee staff to see? 

Admiral Ti rnf.r. The answer to vour question is ''Ves,*' The infor- 
matiiui that a contribution had been made was made available, to the 
best of my knowlod^. 

Senator SdivKiKO, Only certain sections of the re|>oit were made 
nvflilabli". The rriK)rt had fo be reviewed out at I^anplev ; it was not 
reviewed here, and cojiies w*-i-e not (jiven to %\^ }»oi-e. 1 j»st want vou to 
carefully coiiFider what you are savinp, because the onlv record we 
have lire the noie> that ilie siaff took on anvtlun" tliat was of 
sipiiifiinnee. 

Admiral Tir.ver. My nnderstandinp was that Mr. Maxwell iras 
shown the relevant portion of this rejiort that disclosed that the con- 
trdmtion had Iven made. 

Senator SnnvEiKKR, To follow this up further, I'd like to sav that 
T *^*'"^ /'"^ff ^^^^ « serious fliiw in the wav that the IG rei>ort was 
handled anil the Church committee was limited. I am not making any 
accusiiimns, but becauf^' of limited arcess to the ivport, we have a situ 



h - 




MORI DocID: 163357 






20 
Rtinn wliorp it 15 not even clear whether -s^e actually siiw '^-at mateml 

bTLlmi bj prked,\res thnt so restrict its ability to exerose effective 

"Tw ; -ro,..l .,u..^li.m. 1 W<= it n-ncern yo.>. Ad.mral. that «c .sc.1 
„ iu' f cT^ .1 n-M.lu-a i., tl.e u^' of F.-a,.n.l constn>c:i«» grant 
"f„ ■ . San,; f^nn.i..-. for .Ik^m; sort- of ^x,.e.,n,en,s on oo,- ojrn 

■l--..l'n;i t;m.. n.....nt to i>n.vi.l.- on n p>o,i f.nt!, \>«^i- ".'^^^ '"R 

n.at.hiny f.n,.l-. «..i,.- l.iW.I on an all.-g.iUy i-nvatr .lonnt.on wh.cl. 
wn-^ 11-iillv riA iiionry. 

en.l C.Mn-.l of tb. CIA u^ thn. t.m.; m rnl a Icpnl "I""'^" '';": 

."■W>, tb,. :.n„<.-,.b<.<v. tb.- la^v^. tbc ainn..b-s nt tb.t tun.-, so T^'hethrr 
,1... ,.,.„„.,.l vvi.- on -Io-hI bp;.l pro.n.,1 or not. 1 »io not enonpb of a 

l.wv.r ... I..- ^".v. but it .■.■ni.iiily wonl.l o.ciir to nii- if it lianH^nc^l 

tn.l:ivii-!i verv.|in-lionnb!cai'livity. , , , , .„„„„,! 

<;,^u,y S. ".iw.iK.u. Wrll. 1 tbn.k tboM- of Hs who worked on nn.l 
ft,i,cn,b.i lb.' llill-ltiiHoii A.1 ami oilw bo^i.itnl con=ininiion a^- 
'^i^liin.r b."- ov..,- lb.- vf;ii-. "-onbl bar.- n rnllier .bIT.-rrnt opmion on 
tlu- I.-m' ii>t.-ni or obii'-rt of Conpr.--^ ill |.(i"nip In" - to provide hos- 
i.iriil o.ii^li-ii.ii.m pn.j.'.'l Hion.'y. Tb.'s,- fnn.l<. wfirnl intended for 

ui> \sWu 1 \vii> on xUv d^iiivli rmnii.itlH-. The PnMi<' Hnilih >orj-ice 
\v;i«, »w-il lo i»n>-lij*r u .Vmllv ]^\^*u wilh PiiMir H^'nltli nmnp) . Hei-e 
wrjuv u4n-i:<'J»oi-iil Ii*>s|mI:i1 nm-iru-iifm uitmrv loi'aiTV on a soiie^ol 

Cirini;.! 1 ri;xKn. Kxru^o mc. ^n. If 1 roi.M )*i^t \^. T think. «c- 
rinulc. 1 <li>iri liiiiik ai^v of tliis M^.j^^ or ill*- rn.nt.lunff fniid^ were 
UH'.l 1.» .on.l>iil clnip rxi»oriiMCiit-. Thoy wort^ »im.I If* hmM the hoi^- 
Tiiiiil Nnu, llh' {]\ Ibrn j.nt morr innm^v iiilo n fmiidnfion Thnt wn? 

mii.hh'ti)i«MVH;M^li (-ri Uii' ('lAV }«>h!ilf>upivo^i-illy in tlmi hospital, w> 

rih' inu-iU Wi»- t-rriiiinlv tIkti-. Imt tlu- i.ioni-v ^x;.^ not M^<^d foi^ 

Srn:.ic.T S. iiwKihKir. AVrlK 7 nruVi-tnn.l H ^n^^ n^d for hnrl^- nnd 
nim1:iT. Imt thr hiirks ^v,-lv ll>^-d to Imilil iIk> fiirilii_\ wlioiv tin- exi>en- 
nii'ui- \MTiMini i*sl on ; woivdh^v m>l t 

Adininil TrnNKi;. A\> .io not l.av,- pn-itn.' rvidi>nro ihnt they «erp. 
Ir .1 i-Mlnly woul.l ^nn lh:n Hjnt \\ii-^ilii' imc-nt.hut I do noT want to 

Srhiil..r S iiw> na-r W^n ^vliY *'Im- wnn!d lliry pivr tins monr^y f'»r 
fl.r ImiMiiiij fnnd if tlir t»nildin£r ^va^ ii'>« "'^^'^^ f^"' ''* i>i]rj>o-c Ihni 

Adnnr:^ Trirsnr 1 fprlninh drnw tlu- mft-rrnro Ihiil thi- CIA 
i'\jHTTr.| T.*lK-i>ilii fruin jt,ftnd >.onir of llir woidiufr ^"v^ thr General 



MORI DocID: 163357 



t 



21 




,. . ' ,1 -.1 ii.w w-i^ \t"^'■^^ oiilv if IfM- ("lA was pmn^ 





X.Tn.in.l TnixKi:. Sir, 1 ;iim nnl Ji^pniniv' ><>'» Al/ilK»>n( Mh of n^ 
»iv ^iivm- tl^iK fl..- ilifrivinr i^ iJmiI om-sixtli fjf flu; si>in-o %vh^ u>c<L 
flMii rM.r7iTi..'Utr.f ii.T. ^li^ «!<"».■. «n.l s" on, hnt il.m- 1= no furlnnl f>vi. 
a.n.v of wl,=.t ^^^lll -m »^ n n'Mih of ll,:n ,niytiirnt or wlmt ucnt on ii. 
fluii It.i^iiiiiil.It NjiH iiii-inp:. li Knotllmi it ihdn t hai>i)en. 

S-n:.!oT St MWLiKri:. ,\<lmii:il Tumi-r. one otlirr- 

Snijitoi Kin vK.hV, Would (ln' Suntnr viHi! oil ihM i>oint ? 

Sji:roi S. inu-iKKK, 1 iniikr>luo(l tlm( lo tl.** np-nry ^^ vloriinipnt'. 
oil i]m' :i"iv,i^iriii if \y»- v\\^]\ri\]\- MuH-d tJml oiiP-sixTh of tm- lanht> 
vi,uh\ \h- «li-i-r.:»ii'tl for CIA lis.' niul irm.lr nvaikbU- for t lA re- 

sojiirli. All' vim fjiiiolijii- . . , , 

My. ItLMin. St^iul.M. .1^1 n-.'nll.voTinnM'ijrlit m that tlirrr ip h mn*- 
tiimofoin-sixnij^nl iinv Torsional iill liii^ todu wilh Ijlaimin;;. Thoro 
niv no Mil»-4'.(iuriT i^iunr- a> lo wliiit liap|KHra afn^r tin construction 

S']i:Hi)iS.'n\v}:iKKi^ A.liiiiniVniniriJ inul in the >rw ^ ork iiino^^ 
ilint |.ui of ilii- Hii.^ of MKlJ-TIiA oxiKiinunt- involved mi tiv 
r:Mi^i'oii'iil virl, tin- Fnl.-nil llnivao of Nnivoli-j.^ tt» ti-M J-SP Mir- 

n i^titioii-^lv nil unwilling iiiiif in l«n> in Nt'w "^ ork and San 

Fnin.i«,r<,/Si.iu,- of iliv snl'irH^ U-.jniu' violonllv ill and vtkiv Jio=- 
i>itidi/,t'd. 1 wondii if von wonM in-r l.iiofly dr^nlK* wlial we wore 
doinjrllionnnd Low il wn- OMii.d "nt ? 1 n-morit w»^ throuph a fiofo 
jii>n-r i>i-rt-r:iii*in. 1 <li.iri U-lii^vr voiir r.(ui*-inrnt W4>nt into mnrli dPtniK 

Adn.init Ti mnkil 1 iM nimiinn tU' s-if*- !»on^^ oiK-rafion in my 
wi:i(fiiu-ni. -ir. luid tlnil I- liow tlir-^' wrw carrn-d ont. W hat wo havt- 
Irnrni^d from ilir mw di»tiun>'ritnl ion i-^ thi^ lorntion and tho da'o^ nt 
whirh thr siifi lMniM'> \v*Tr inn liv tlio CIA ;ind llu- idenlifiration of 
ihm- iTidividiiiiU win* wt^n- xi-^.-'i^ii-il with vnnniiip iho-^*^ *^fe hon>c;s. 
\\\- know stMiirlhin;: hIkh*! tUv ronst nirt ion work tfiai wn- dono in 
thrni lH',!ni-4' ihrro wm'rnnTisirt^ for ihi^. Hi-yond rhnt. ■ii'o nrc pretty 
nnhh dnnMiip infiTenri^:- :r- to ihr rhin;:-thiil wrni on a= to what you 

an- >;ivinp Ih-n*. 

SriKiinr SniwKiKrii. Wrlh thr ^nhjrrts wcri' unwittinp, '^ou ran 

infvnhm Miinh, rifrht ? 

Adniinil Tiitxrn. Kiirht. 



^ 
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MORI DocID: 163357 






22 

Senator Sciiwokkr. If you happened to be o1 Ihe wrong bar at the 
wrong pJmf aitd tijiie, jou gf>t it, 

Mr. Humuy, Senator, that woukt be — contact*; -wn: made, as we 
uiKleT>EaTid it, in bai>, ft cetera, an<l then l)ie people may have been 

inviieil to tJjest- safe Ijouscs, Ti>ere really isn't any indication as to 

ihf fac'i xhixX t}n> irHik jilnvt' in i1k' bat's, 

A^tniiral Tlrni:k, AW arr trying to be ver\ precise nithyou, sir, and 
not draw ju) inft-ivinv lieiv. Then' arc G ras^^s i»f t]ji">^^ ]4^> whtre wc 
hriM' enaupli evidenec in this new documentation to substantiate that 
thei-e war; unwittnip testing and sonw of tJjal invtthcs these safe 
hon^e*-. Tiiorc mv other case& where it is ambiguous as in whether the 
t^'ttin^' WHS witting' or voluntary, Tiiere aiv others where it was clearly 
volinitarv. 

SrT/:Uor S'IIwkikm:. Of eonr>t\ after a few ilriikk?^. it i> cjnof nmnble 
wliethcv infonneil consent mean^ anything to a persoji in a bar 
anvwav. 

AdnnrrH TrK\»:K» 'Welh we don*t have any indication that a)] these 
case- wljrrr it j^ ninhi^nous involved drinking of any kind. Tiiere are 
casr- in junal institution^ when* it is not cJciir whether the prisoner 
wa^ '/wi-n it rhoi'T or not, I don't know that he wasn't given a cJioice. 
Init I don'i i^o-itivt'ly know thsit he was, and I classify that at an 
ombi^uoii* ineid*'nt, 

St'nnifirl>i-rvh. Yonrlinje is np, Senator. 

Si-nnli>r lliiddlr'^^toti? 

Si'nn1<^r IhiMii.KSTuN. Thank yon, Mr. Chninnan. 
A'Iniirii? TunH"i\ yon stated in your testimony that yon are con- 
vjnij'd therr w/>s no .Tttenipt toroncea) this n*eenih' disiovered doeu- 
menlatjcjii dnnn;: 11h' enrhrr searclies. Did yon qni«tion the individ- 
uals coninifi'd witli f ho earlirr -^nreh Ijefore yon made that jn<]<:rnent ? 
Ad?iiir.d Tnivrii. Yrs: 1 haven't- I donVtJunk. fptcMioned ever^- 
btxly who looki'd in tln> files or is still nn onr pnvroll who looket! in 
till- (ili'K b;ii k in l!iTr)J>nf Mr. Lanhinpev on my left istlieWst author- 
ity on thi-. nirrl I hnvo pone over it witli him in some detail, 

Srn;itor H»-nnry*iTr)v. Rnt you have inquired, yon think, snffirientlv 
to as'iiii'*' Yoinsi'U that there w^it no intmt on t!f»e pnrt of any person 
to**oncoid the<j^ I'eford*^ from the previons committer? 

Adinirnl Tiunfr. I am per^undrd of That both by my finestioning 
of peujdo and hy the eircnmstnnce^ and tike way in which these doru- 
mnit- wore filed, hy the fact which I did not and shonld hnvp men- 
tiojiod in my tesliiMony, that thi-^ were not the oifieinl filps. The ones 
that wr Idivc rrreivcil nr i-etricvi'd wen* cojiies of file? that wrre work*- 
iTijr file'^ that youiclK>i1y had nsed, and therefore were slipped into a 
diffi-n nl Irtnfiori, nnd npain T say to yon, sir. T can't imagine their 
deliU'ndely f'Onc-ealin;: these partindar fih-s and revcalinir the other 
thjn:r- tli:»t tliry did tv^eal in 107-'. T don't s***- the niotivr for that, 
^»(■!■iM/-l' ihi^-catc rmt thjit damning eornp;( red ivith the overall niateriaj 
th:il wa- )>n>vid«-d, 

Senator lTi'hnrr>Ti.N. Js this the kind of oprration thai if it wen^ 
f^ontinnin^'n^'"' or if flif^n* were anvtlirnff -iniilar to it.thaf von i^onld 
fori eompidlid to rrpoii to the ^W^ ronmiittri* on Tnielliijenref 

AdniiiMl TriiNr.n. Vi-^, sir. Von nuMn. if 1 di-<'ovrr4^d that some- 
f}\U]'^ liki' Thi- urre i.'^nn;; on wflhmit my knouh-ilpe? Yes. I wonld 
frt'l iili-^ihitily thr n'*|iiin'u>rnt to 



MORI DocID: 163357 





23 

ScTiatoi Hi in.i>»:sTi»N. H»il if i( wi^*' t'^iu;: <m wiJh yonr knowledge, 
woiilJ vciTirt^pon ittc*theroi(»nutU'e?In--iiiiu'>ou would. 

Ad^nnu! 1 inNKif. V^-s, AWH, it wotild not U i^owii on with my 
kiK»\vleilp"J'tullnH>ivtlcalK-f}n-iui>wor i-^yn^,sir. 

Stiuior Hti>/nj>i>*N. ^Vell, then, "}jur st]^t:''>tions would you have 
iks we divj^f djnrter> for thr vjirinus inleHi^ronce agencies? What 
pi<»visii»]i would voii sug^'vsl io proliilni xWi- kiud of activity from 
Uking pliKC^ WoM vou sup^-isi thnt it ougU to l»e specificaHy ouf- 
liiu-d in Ji stntutory ciimtej' SL^rtinf: out tlie parujueters of the per- 
pii'>>iliJf oiKTiTtiojt of t]je viiriods ap'iieie>? 

Admiral Tuknlb. I tliiiik tlmt ccrtninly is sometJiing we must con- 
sider as \\\^ loiik at the lepi>latinu for rlmrUrs. J am not on the face 
of it opposed lo it. 1 think wc wouM have to look at th<' particular 
wording as we are goin;: to have to dcnl witli the whoh' charter issue 
as to exactly liow preei-io you want to be in delineating restraints and 
curb- on the intelhpence activities. 

Senator Hi'Di>LJ-ST<^N\ In the case of sensitive type operations, which 
this certainly whs, which miglit l>e ii<w'^ nn (oilny. is the oversipht 
activitv of the apencv inoi^ intensive now tlian it was at tliat time? 

Admiral TiRvra. Mucli more so. I mean, J have briefed you. sir, 
nnd the conmiittee on our sensitive operations. We have the Intel- 
lipence Ovei-siirht Board. AVe have a procrdure in the National Se- 

riiritv Council for approval of very sensitive operations, I think the 

nmoiint of spotlight focused on tliesi- activities is many, manyfold 
whnt it was ill tlie^- 12 to 24 years ago. 

Senator Tli'ni>T,r.^T<tN. How about the record keeping? 

Admiral TniNEn. Yes; I can't imagine anvone having the gall to 
think tlmt he can just hlithelv de^^froy records today witli all of the 
nttent ioij th^it ha*- come to this, and certainly we are emphasizing that 
tlini i* in'T tin- I'asi". 

Senator lIiiau^rs-n-N. Admiral. I was particularly infere^^ted in the 
nctiviiy that took plaee at the T'.S. Public Heallli Service Hospital at 
LexingUni. Ky.. in wliich a Dr. JTarri* Ishell conducted exi>erinients 
fiu |'H*o]ilo who were pre-umaldy patients there. Tliere was n narcotics 
inMitutiiiu. 1 take it. nuil l>r, iftl»ell was. acconling to the New York 
Tiriiec story, carrying nn a secret series of con'e*'|>ondence with an 
individual at Ihr agency by the name of Ray. Have you identified who 
thiit person i«=? 

Aditjiral TiTtN'Zft. Sir, I find m\-self in a difht-nlt po«ifion here at 
a pnhlir hearing to confirm or deny thes*' names in view of my legal 
respoiisihilili<^"i under the Privacv A<*t nol to di'-rlo5i> the names of 
individuals here. 

Senator Hi niiTT«Tov. I nm jn^^t a^^kinc you if yon have identified 
the ]ierson referred to in that article as Kay, 1 am not asking yon who 
he was. 1 iust want to know if vou know ^^ho he is. 

Adufciral TrRNEii. No, 1 am ioiry. was this IVr-n-v or I^-a-y? 

Senator Hi m>LKSTOx. It is lisl<".l in tJie news nrtirle as Ray. in 
finniations. 

Admiral TtrxKH. No. sir, we ha>'c not identified him. 

Senator HvTa>i,r>-niN. So von have no knowledirc of whether or 
not he iss'ill a menilH^r of vonr staff oi rounoeicd with the Agency in 
any way. Have you attempted to identify him? 



MORI DocID: 163357 




24 




*■ 



-r: 




[Pause.] 






I 



A(i;nirai TntNrit, Diiii is -■ori^vi 

Senator Hn>i>i.i>T.iN. Thank m,». 

Thank yoii. Mr. nifiiiii,aii. " 

Sonafor Ivoi i-e. Sciininr AVji)lop» 

Sector 1V.u.,.<,|.. Thnnk vt>u. Mr Cli^iirmnn. 

7«n of tfic- iydonus i.nn.rr of *or>,.. of tl,.-^,. ,.rni,.r(«. b,:'. not all „f ,],.. 

nC "<'■"'" ;^'^' '-^?-^ *■"'■ "^ " ^■"■-"■'- «' '■^*" « """"i '■■■""■. 

is that a fajr Mntmienf ? 

Adtniml Titinkr, Th.'>1 h rorr^rt. 

SrnatAr Wam>ip, I^oJ^ijiff ,lf>\>n thmi^h s/imt* nf thcw- IT ntr^iM*: 
not mvolvnifr hiinmji li-^iin;:, as|M^rt> of lli*^ inairjrinji^ :nt il doi-M.'f 
w>rm ns tIioii;rli ,]j,.,.j. i. nnvf]iin;r vrrv .=iin==trr Bl>ouf tJj.iK Smdi<-^ of 
hnman bolmvior nntT sl^^op iv^^jprl*. lil.mrv .w»arrlj<- Votv thon- 
thiii^ 111 thou- M-ay niT still of inlcn^st, arr tlirv noi, \o tbr prore->=, 
of intoni^oiu'o pi^thoriiif:? 

Admirnl Trnvfit. Vr^, fit. T hnvp mt trinl to iiulir^to thnt wp 

<'ithfr arr not dninir or T.vf>nlil not do nnv of fho tliiutr-^ tliat itcrr 
mvolvMiTiMKrLTRAJnit wli.-n it ^^onio^'totJir wittinj "r miwiTtin;: 
t^'srititrof |>t'Oi*lo wiHi ih'i*;^. tJiiit isoertainlv vcrboton. l>u( tiu^ro or^ 
nflirr tliiiiiTii. 

So^HTlru- WAi.T.or. y,\on t^irli vrtlnntorr pnti^rfs? I t^wn^\. T nin not 
trrinETto put you nu tli^ spot fo'-ny ^hftln^r it 19^ pouxunn, hni 1 nn-aw. 
it isnm i»n unroniiiinn tl<iTiir> i^ h. in t)if ]iriw*T/«i *^f tlu' T'nitfl Stafr.c 
for \hf Pnl'li' lT.'filt)i ^irvirr lo ronduci vario»- kinil'^ of oxivyijttoMl^ 
with vm^^iJir'- atuK s.ty. ijinlxmi t-imrns? 1 kn^w in Arizoiin tliry h.ivr 
done so, 

Adrnirnl TiTvrn, Afv imi1rr=tnn'!Jiiir i^ ^r^U of tlmi i^ nutl»r^ri70il. 
but T flm not of tlir opinion lh:it tJii^i i« n^l tbo rTA*- bii-inp^^. jind 
thnt if wr^ nopfl Min>o jnforninlion in tlinf ontriror\-, J ^noM pn^fn- 
to ^^^ In tTip otlu-r ni»i>i''i'ri;ilo inilTinvit jr*; of ll^f fia> ('vnnjrni nMf\ n^k 
tlirni 111 iT'^i il for iw T-*lln'rth:in toin nnv wnv 

Si'n:it"T W \M.iii\ XViTl. yon kniiw. voii li:ivo libr.irv sfnnlio^ ^m} nt- 
tornl:ini- :if r7i<» njilii*ti:i| ^-nniii'ii*. Tl^i- i?; "bv I wanti'*] to nfk von if 
tlic luilk of cin'-i' pmicru wri-o in nnv wny tl*^ kitid^ of tliinc- tliat tbr 
A £,'*''">■ nn;r)'' ntit do rm«, A Vri-i*l<'nf voiild T*ot h:t\c Ix-f^n bnrrifrd 
by l]n- H-J of tbi" b'^'lntii.Tt*" typr- of tliir^tr-- I=n'i tbnt prob;*bly tho 



A'lriiini] TiRvrn. Yc-, sir 

St'ri:?J"r W.\j 1.1 yv. Ami if it ihA in fn-i apf>-:ir in tbo TH TT|>ort. i= 
tbrn' niiv M'f>-on tf* supjio-r f}i,it rbi' Vrp-idojjt did not kjioM- nf tliifi 
pri>ii'i1 ? Y(i)i -!ii,l thriT w,n- no irji-ioji tn -npp<wr tbnT })r dvb bi?t Irt 
nkr ri'voTM' tliiil. I- tlirn- any n-M-nn to -iipposo Wxni tboy did not ? 

Aibiiival Truxrn, No. 

Sonntor AVvij.or, IVi-IT von know. T ju=t rninmf iTnn-jinr^ von ov 
Jiipcnlly jiivvbndv mub-iinkiT^c iirojVn^ nf tbc mripnitudr of dollars 
brr** niul in^t nut tiio^Mu;: nU.iit JL niir informing your sii]>prior tbat 



MORI DocID; 163357 




25 





t!K':-c wriv poinc on, r-p*'' 



■iallv ^^licn rnlBiii iloiii^ of i1 o|Jl>car in thr 




w";ir 1^,. iz.r;. ":;; m:^.^^ .o ^n-s. .n., .1. iev..i of know,. 

'"'so>w('.r WAixt.r. I nm rrnlly not a=kinjr y.m to sooon^-pnoss it, but 




"XhliVaf-l^ 'vri.. 1 «■.. sorry. Yonr ,n..tion i. wo. ,l.i. vita,? D.d 
\vc vif'w ii -.M- vital ? 




are 



\<iiniral Ti HVK.iE. Y^-, ^ii\ I »''■ '■"H' lli<^y *'»*!■ 1>»»' JiJ^'^i" * )"^* ^*^" ' 
ki.mv how hiirli tl.nl prnm-MrdtiM-oxf^-mivt^hirtiirli. 

SciKHor ■Wau.t. Jtnt tW kimK of iiifo» hnt.on niT villi i^'^P^^f » 
h. von 1 invnii. 1 ntn nnl snj:trf*>tiii;: th;il ftiivoju^ ;:" bark and do tiiHt 
Uu.^l of tinn;: :i-:nTi. Inil Thi rrrtinn if wouKl 1>.- of ns.; lo vou to know 
^^h■.it wa- -.oni: [o ^inpprn to one of vo^ir n-f^nt^ av'^mniiij: sonK^ono hnd 
put one of dti'M' t^li»»^'^ mo hib hlooilsirpaiik or tnrd (o modify hi^^ 

^ \dmiral Ti i^nkk. Al-^ohit^'h, mid von know, ^\o would W very ron- 
rcnu'd if we tlionpht fliore won tliinf:-^ likt- Trnlh penim= or other 
thinps tint our apfnt5= or otliei-s. conM U nilijirlod to by »sp or im- 
proper iiM. of dr i»;:s liv otlji-j pr.wer- ii^MiM'^t i.nr in-nple or npont>, 
Senator W.mj.op. AVo tlieie? J don't a*k you lo iinnio them, but 

tliere snch sernm^? _ ^ ,^ , _ ,,_ . 

Admiral Ti rnfh, I don't know of thorn if t}iore are. I would have to 

answer thnt for tho i-erord. f=ir. 

Smator AVALi-nr. I would nppiv'inte Ihnl. 
[The material i-efeired to follows:] 

Till- KTBrrli U'f ,'fr,itivf^ nidfi ti> liil*»rr.»»niriitxi \-^ i»r'>KnM> np olfl n^ mnnft nooa 

l,> nMniEL iiifnnum fmu, uit «ij.'iM.i*T:iHM- sinin.^ »iiir1 n^ ii^r^.-^rfnl (I* hi^: 

ii.n.:ilM'i«<^ I*' vh^^r'riJt j.h> li^rMum^ itjilli In Hi.- ^liiiiiK <»r VoU.v iiiv,-^ ic:nr.-iL 
|,bIwM^.I ciKTij.^i. li;»^ Jit liiii^'- l»^-» snU^tiriMrtl f-r iMiii^Uiknic »r.,l f imM'.-i.- 

Mjljiliii; iTHiUirv in ibp Im lirf [l»;"t ilin-*! iiH-ih-nN |ir.Kli itii^Il n-'ijH*- Mr Jum*-^ 

SlH^li**!!" wnrin;: in l>v<r nin..n:.li«". a crM> rvjiiip'b- of "llnr^l ^h-trrk^ pr:ir 

fi,i-^ hv fhi' jp-^H f lii*!iJi "li i> Ut j.l.':i-:(iiiiT r. -it n'Diforirtl-b \m lUo '^JinU' 

rul'l'inj: mi }><^\>\tor in a im.ct dfvirni e,\f> i|j:iri n. t-o :il"«ir in Ihr *>iiri Imnfiiiff ni» 

niHi* In c\rrju'liMt <*uirr'*'-i"ii^ from nc-cuTil in-rj-'U^. drut'" h biHi nr- rtuuit^ 



MORI DocID: 163357 






2fi 

10 r»0;i\ thf^ tTuliviilHnlK iM-U-u-f^ t*> Uji' iM^iiii Hi^it li*' niikiii'wihy^y rcv^nln truth* 

rmht^ ^HIi^ lilifrtji-*. In thi^ fMinntry, ^IwH' ilrue*- lifi^p C'iSi>»-il 'mlv ni«rptiritl 
nr"'|ti:ini'< hi ip-'li'i' nnrk, thoJr H-af Jm* |*r"wikpil itipv r>r "iisyi-lifili.ijirnl thkrt 
rt< cnr" i»i"1 lin-i i>r*'ili'li:m'il iniMTiii»-li"i;iil iiimr"»\iT'-i»-> tiuiT jif^T ;i rjnarri^r of 

,T ri'MllTrv Mill **. i';j>iiihiilh flJirr ilUn th<^ njii'li. 

ThP 11^' *»r Kii--tilli"*l "rrJillj ' Ant::^ in jHiJin n^rk N sinrilsir ii« Hip nrn-i^lwl 
livyi hi;(irii itrnrTiiT Fif luir^n-unalj'^i'' ■. ll**' clilTrnnifi' m Thi- ini' ijr'i^liir*-^ lies 
Jii lljiir ihfT.'n'ril iiliuiti\i'^ Till' x^ili-i- Inw^l JL:iilor U *-»iic>rJii il ^vli!i PUiinTiml 
friilh (luir in;it *•*■ hsjhI m:;NriT.r ili»» siisjitil, :iiii] i Iji'TCfi^rp iiliiinm nulPly tvltli 
l*r'H/.(ifn * iriiHi : Hh- ii^-ff^iiin'os of thf ^»i^(ii" !<' r*"v«l!iii<ii»v <b[H'(i*K iilhnj-Tply mi 
Oii'ir :n'<vi»iin)i'r In rviiVnr*- }•}. n nnirl -f li<u 'Hn' it*y<hiiiTiM. fni flit nHiPr hnml. 
ii--in^ rUi- «:rtiif' "I ritl 1j" ilrn;:^ In iliiiLinn^^ Jifi*) trruliiirnt nf th*- iiiciiljilh ill, 1^ 

liTiiimrilv r TriiPil ^ith piij/f*liotf>*if'^} inrM. *ir j**ic'h"]"i:i* jjI n'iiJir.v rnilipr iIii>n 

f jiil-irii'siJ fiH I , A iwiHiiils iil""rriiti*Oi'- jirr iruli^y f»*r liiiii i*l llii- t^in' 1l***y ncriir. 
ilN'l Uti ttiiiinw** iU-'^'\ti\J <if IJlisi' f;niT!i^>(". jumI il»'lii'-n»[is nillior Hmh fplinhU- 
ri*i<flhi'li"ii *'f im^-r rvi'iit* '-i\u la' Ih*- key lo n-f-iv^rr. 

Ilip iiolioii of i1riii:<^ i-;kii;il4i» of ilUiminnTiht: lii<M>'ii r^T^^pi' of llir iDinil. hPli*- 
iiif 1" h»':il rJi** Hirt.ijjlJv i1^ 11 ml iirp\r'ijliiic "T n vrrsiiij: ihe mim'Sirrijitfe ft JiiMli-i-. 
hn* iir'^vicfui nu »'^c^■*■^iilli^^y ilijn(h}i' rhoiiii' f^r tUf |iri- * nn<l f'i'i^^jii' li'tTrtlnrf, 
WTnli' iivkii'iwli'<Ti;iiiir lliiii 'injih Hirniu" K :i niisnoimr (wirT i*vpr— fl»p ilnri:- 
ftr/* »ii>» sipni am) tji>»y i1<> jn-r iiPip'^^nriV^ i»niii: TtUi |iri'kii[h»' ir'Uli — JovinuilKtlc 
m-i'iPiim* (-oriTimif I" p\|*T<'it Ow ni'i'i-iil "f Th*- f'-nn. Thi^ fi'nnMl;» is lo i^lnj up 
n fk'>^ N]ipri:iciiljir "tniih" ilriii; )iiif'iv^<-i'SM iiint I't (iii|>ly tu-.it rii<- driie^ nrp mnrp 
)iiHlif;m-il rb:in m^il K- :ioi1 iiii>ri' uliliOy plii|iU>.M'0 &ii iTiminiil invo^MuiiUon tbnu 

r^n "ffki i:iHy tH>.iiiiiMri(Hl. 

Any N»<1iiiiiim' UaW itnmiUps rtn imrj'niHTif rtf si)rT*^*i In PXtfacUuc InformRlinn 

fpMii !iii iiuroiii]i)i;iur vfiiir'i' 1^ ii^m, fftf^tt, of {h1i'rp!^t In tni i^Uifff-uo^ oKratlAni!. 

If l]ji' '•Jli'uiil tiiii^uh-riii'tnti-. whtih j}i WVsiprn r»iniilri»'* liiJjihli ihp ii^- of iinrr-o- 
[liltTr'tLTMiixii In j*<-Tii-<^ hi>rk utp fell ^iN>- in LiiTi^lZiCiiiiv. tlic ^Vpviprn ^^rvh-pc 
triii'^l 111 1phI'»t 1$i- jircjiiiri'il ]i;::iiii<^t iN ]Hiv<;ilt1i- i>ui]if<niiiPiil by tlip nrivpr^nrT. An 
njHlt-r-^l.iii'hui: rT "inilh" ilrnf:^. ri>r>ir rljnrnrf.-rKMr jirlii>iis, ai^iI ihpJr ]i'it»'nri]ili' 
lifs. |ki<iiiUi' 1111(1 o<-i:jiijvi\ fi-r flinrint: tir^fitl inforticirimi is ftiM<lariJpiiroJ Co tu 
adfiHiiTi' (1pfftiM> iiL:iiiii^i flii'in. 

Tlij* fliH»i»i<ni. )ii»-;jiii Mi IhOi> l"wjinl »iUili .in iin<liT'*la)irti(ii:. drAS^s^ primnrily 
ilfi^Ji oH'Jil^ iiMMr-hi^l iiciTrri'jN. If h.n^ rhf> JjziitriUi<>zi> <if jin'j»^'i>i£ fn>JM rririit^ 
nnr inM'«iUnih<- |trjM-Uc'i-^ jtud froiu Uiv iiprnii^^h'^ utiiinsi-hiTP of drue ii^ychi>- 
ihfnij.y. 

KiJTh 111 ihi> .I'lifurj iiliy«ii-jrtn% l«<*»:ini fo pniiiloy w^|Kkbnitnp. mli^tc with 
inuriphiii.- mill ihlnn-fi^niL in hiftmo it >'t:il*' nf -tT^illirlii Klf^ii" tixirlnir rhjhU'irlh 
A f*-ii"*ijr'M"nT "f \u-ii\Kii,t: M-ojkrljitiii^M- «*i- kjnuvj^ ti> itntTn^f se(l;iri"n nnddr-mel' 
ni<'*. MMifn^ioii mill <jip«»rh'iiT:MiTiti. iiii-iMirclMi:iUf»ti. iimt ainnosi;) for ^vpnJ'i ^-x- 
l-pri.iurd ilnrlric inloi^ivjiiiMh. VpI itii\*.irmn^ M*'\n\ lluii woiiirn In fivilicbt Kl»-ej» 
no^nprrd ii)iiMjiP?i* nfT'tr.it* ]y nml iff}fu vi*lnnn'*'ri'rl pMi-«liiiBJv fmnlril rt-inarkf, 

Ju llCl' ir iM-rurrnl fi- H-U'tI H-mi^- n Piill:i-. TeinT^ -Ti*r#rrni;in. rh.iT n wDlilar 
iwhniijio- lui^'bi l*- ^iti|pb.,w»il iu tht' hi|prr.*i::ii|p»ii of Hu-iji^ipd iTimimiN, aimI h* 
oiTiincnl \- inrtTvir^r iinOrr .ir-p|i-.hiioij»- th^ |iri^"/ior* in Hjp J>anj»^ rniiuTr 

jjii! vUni'x" t'MJM HjHi I rinirb fOuftnoi'cT Indpr (hi* ilnji;. ^m^Ii ii»i-ri iTpmImI TJip 

i-liiirp- iMi i>liiili iln-\ wi-n- IipM ; :ui'l l-iHli n)H>ii trinl. wiri- f<nuiU Iii*l piiljv 
Kiii|»'i^i;i^n(' Jir thi- Mii'f»>*. Hp-»i.*p i'-nrJ*HPfl ih;\\ n \Kiiit>\\\ itmivr tb*> iJifliipnip 
of H>'4.j>pl,ii]iirio "rjiitn-iT vtv-ttf a lip . . . nod UiiTi' i* i]<> |^h>^,t fi* Ihink nr re;i- 
Bon " 1 141 His px|irrhneiLt arid this ifmHu^iou ailrorti^! widf ntiptition, and tb? 
*drij iif ji 'irnrJi' dm*.' na^ tbn- Ljiiiirhml »>i»<Mr rht' p»il.tK c"'»n-i.-tuii*jiif»<i, 

Tl«- pbriix,. "irutl* HUTiKii" iii \M-Mv\ft\ (it [i;iir iip|wMn>c1 fif'-r in n nc^ s r**|"irr 
nflliiusfspsinriiin'iii in tin- /.'**.4wyi ^ ji h'ti-'ivii. s'tinfMmt* iu v^,'j, llmw.' rp*i-|pd 
rhi" i-Th^ T-T a xihiU- hnt r*\cutita)\r ciunc- f-'(*aiidp»v iz roc"il;(rli hiin-i^Jf I J*' pidt 
fi-lki,1 xiiinc p|p\|.|) iirMrli'Hi mt 4-i>]k>Liiniiii» jn iii»' \i-nr'- 1!»L'1 -lir_".». ^ jtIj n ti.ifiii' 
flUi- iiMn-M-H' ill jj.plojuii'iil T.riil 111- tiim- iipiil i>ji. \Vh;iI bfld )'»';:nii o»; ^pniHhiJic 
of It <i-\Mitif\r sFj/ptio-nr lirNH^d ftnnlly Inf- .i dt-dfrnr.-d *'rii>jidi" hy the ■ fjir^rr 'pf 
rrnili s^-rnni" nn l^i-h^iir "f hw off'-ipriii::. nhon'm !ir i^as "Br.»*:^1* indului^nT -if ir* 
v^aywiinl Uluniur .ii>d whiMhtruK ]ir<piid mT jl<> miiinr ni'liJp^iiNpoK "I II J 



MORI DocID: 163357 



27 





M, ■ .1'. LMrtKH.-. TMTi.l hp!»n. rtud l-larnMl viHr>l.. wh.tl. .l.strHH Dip ki> -j^-J from 
,lrv "cie-rri" n...i»li hr.ni*:!]! *«. by the rtruF is hardLv mndoriv*- lo fret- Jalkmp. 



f\fit\ jLi n trurtabl** Mibjpci, 



Tll». ■ARHltriLiTF;il 




Th*^ flr*i *:*icc«*Minn Ihnt dmcs mJcht fftrilJinrp rnmmnniC'ttlnn with j-mo- 
liniialh UisinrlN^*! rat'Mit* v&m^ iiniie b^ nci-id^'ur in IHKi, Arllmr S. J-ovpnhBrt 
nh<1 h\< B^zK-K-inrps ai Ih*- T'hlvprsity -J W)>r<.h'*Sii. Mpprin.pniinc wirh rf-pirat^.rr 
arimulmifs v^^-rv surprN^il n-bfu. mftPr an nupitJ-n -^f *'"»i'Jni rranidf . • ^RTll^*nl^ 
iiuirnr i^'hn h;id I'-Jif b^n mur^ and ricid '^mMt'nlv rf'l.ixprt. .ijipuprt m^ ptp-, and 
P^fii flii'-n^rpil n fpw c]up-iinn5. By IUp early jnSO"^ n nnml-pr of |»«yrhiQtnsra 
w^u- esjiprinn'nrtijp vUU dnit*i a* ftn adjnui^l \" p^rabli-ih*"!! mpthiKl- *>f thprapy 

At nlwinr tlii^ tiiiiP P"**'* offiriil^^. *iin jittrai^rpd by ihf p..ji-lbltiry mm druc^ 
D)lL'h hH]» in ihe TnlPrpcicati'*!! of rupI"^*" """1 wilnp*-Pv tuniM !*■ Ji cU»it of 
dPiTrs^:iii1 dniir- kunwu ii'^ TliP bijrbidiniri-s. By J?W» ClrtPPn-v W. Mn^-hllK-rKPr. 
hpiJd ipf the Mi<bJcnn Crimp l»HH-<'U»in I-n^N^rHtnry at EB«t I,anr*lnc, w'a- u^Jnp 
bari>ilur:ilP'> nn rplunani pusi»P4ri>» tbf>iifih itolit'p *<»rk ooinhnipd t- »h- bAn>j»prpcl 
li.T ihi" p<tnrr*" n'jpt'ti,pii of druc iiidi"'prt »'unfp^>i<»rjfi ptt-ppi in a ftw carefullj' 

liri' 'ii-rJNed jnsliincp'i. 

TJip barbiliirnh--'. flr^l ^ytilhr^iitprt in ISKIS, arp amoiic tbP *^1i1h*i( of modPTii 
driic- i\ii.} ih>- iM'-i \pr''nnli' <»f alJ drprpssnnt*. Jn thi- bair'<'Ptktiiry »i>uip ^.riOO 
limr bM'.i jin'ii.in-d- iind p^Imhii tT».» d^'lP" nf thpw hnvp uun flTi imp.»ria)it iiUi-P 
in ineih'-mi*. An e-^liinatt-d Ihrf- t<» four biUb^n d'-'i*';- <»f b^^bit^lrfltp^ arp prp- 
*'riiinl h; jthx <-!■ i;iij-' in Un- l'nil*'d ^tnii-* paih yvar. nrid Ihpy bavp oiim** h* Iw 
kiiM^sn b^ fi vnriPTv iif ii'ininpniiil nrtint"« nnd r-itln^rfitl *■^:t^^e Plpfpssionv : "^nrtf- 
».;ilN.' I.uiuiicil. Ni'MjSul.ll, TPil dpvjlx." ">plbiw jnrk»':v" -pink lndip<."' pre. 
Tbrpf ^if tliPiN wb^Ii jiri' ii^nl in nan'u.iiinb *j^ and bji*- sppi> *ervl*r a>- "inilh" 
druc^ arp <^iHliniir Hiinyinl i unh^barhiral i. penh^tbai ^'idiiirn ( 1bi>>|ipnia] u and lo • 

A- <'in- pltn niifnolo^rist PX]>l.Tins It, a Kiibjcoi rominir iindpr tbp infliipnop of B 
tnrbiliirjiii- iliiiiTPd int r:ni-uiMi'.t> H"*^> (Jir^Hjirli hIL tbp kIji^ps of ppiMtrp-Airp 
driiTik^'iiiip^-. but t|jp linii' >4Tib' i^ nn Uiv urdpr nf ntiiiuipv inMpnd of bour» 
rniuvsirdly rin- ^e^tuiiiHi pfTt-i'T j> dramniir. Psjn^Jnlly if ihp Kiibjpri ih a iifiyrUiKTrir 
luiripui in tpnsMPiL III" fpJiTiirp^ ^Iftikm, hi'^ IWHly rpln\p*. Soiiip ppoplp irp 
ni'iTiiPntiirily pTiriipil: a fpw l-'i-mp sillx nnd ^ti:1y Tlu*^ nsnnlly iifl«p*i. and 
m*t^\ s})hit*t-i- fnll !I''Ipp|i. pnipr):iiii: lati-r li* di-iotipturtl wini-wnkpfiilnpsK. 

Tin- di-Mi-nt ini" Tinn-o'^is nnd lipymid nitl» i»fi-prp'»ii\-ply InrcPt dosps p»n hp 
divided ij*- fiill.iw^: 

J Spi!:itn»' stiitro 

IT I'ni'oii'-i'nisiip'Jv wlUi PiacFPrntp*! rpflp*p*. lhypi'Tft<*Hrp afafip)- 

III. rnr-on*<i'ii>i)'<np>i^, wjrlinol rpnpJl rvrtt in iwiiufiil NtiDJull. 

IV, IJpftTh 

Wtiptbrr nil Ihp!**' ■inEP* mil N' diJiriucni'^liHl in niiT pivpij Kiibjprt dPl>Port* 
Inruplv nn tlip il^^t- itml ihp rapidit x w'tih whn li tlif dnic \s indurpd. ]□ 
aripsf1ip^i:k^ htiii^ps, I aim] II nniy I»k1 oii|> tuo or tbrpr MpcondK, 
Thp first nr KP«lalivp fitOi:p rnn W fiirHipr dividi-d : 

riBnr 1- N^* pvidpni rlTi-'J. or Hliebl K«ln[ivp pffiTt. 

rijLnp :? l']inidinpv^ fsibmn-w, fttnupfiln. < Vi-m rp*vivpr\. tbp *ubjp^l will 
not rpiiipnil>*'r \vha> hiitiixi'i'^l >n Ibi-^ or "lo^vpr" pbiiii<s or nfncps > 

Pbinp ^. Slnrn-d s|KH>fli, old Ili<ttii:]i( pAirprii% diK-rnptpd. iiinbilirr 1o Infp- 
fEratp or Ipjirn rtpxv |ijinfrn><. Poor t-ourdi nation. Subjpct lippoDippi utiavarp 
of itfiniful i<riuuU. 



MORI DocID: 163357 






28 

Planp 3 in thfi puj-rrhlilrtc "irork'^ Mi^. It ta»r hiM only a few EainiitM, bat 
It run Ik* nlPurtwl hj- further hIi"^ Jnjeoiinn »iT JruK. Th* i3>unl rrartk-e I* to 
l>Hnjr Ihe Ktihii^ri qulclclr fo SU^p II ii>d to roudncr lhf> Interview Sh be pftwei 
backlnTothesedanrpBUgeoD tbeiraj tofuUc^DSCJOUtiUns. 

CUMfAL IXU EXFEUMEKTAT. BTl'ldUl 

Ttip e^ufral abb(irr^nc« In Wtsi^m cotinlri^r tor th^ uffp of ^hemfetl af«iit« 
"t*. mBk« ii*^i|ijf dn ihfiiE^ ArBlDVt thoir will " fans j>r^1u<1(Ht Kpricut-^ RTslemstlc 
study fat IPQ^t Bs piilill^hnl op«n}y) of the itoleTitialLtl^s of dnifr^ for I'nferroffa- 
thiM Ixiuis A. Gnt(/4rbRlk, »urT«yiti(£ their ntti- In In format imi-np^kinp loTer- 
Tlt'\vs,[l3J ril*-N ]3fi refereiJ0*K: hat only rwi. foucli ui-on the eTstrarlinn nf 
l(it*iri(rfii*"e InfMniintiiiii. aiul on** of thes»» roht-lndt's m(*re1y thai Ruwiati lech- 
nl<LUi>.'< III jutpmi^niloii and Inditrtriikfltloti are dvrh>d fn-ju afn^old fx^llce 
mHNniN and dci rmi depend on ihe line of dnip^. On \hr validirr of c^nfension^ 
olifnirirtl wifL dru^H, GodKchalk found ouK tliree jmMlfJhwl exjierimental FludieK 
Ihni ht^ d^M'Uif'd worih reriorijne, 

Ow of \hf:v reported e^iterlm^'nefi I>.t D. P, Mnrris In whlrh Intravenous aodJum 
aniytal «as belpfut In deiw^tinc m^Unpeivo.IlSJ TIh' subjerts, ■oldiM'-, were 
Ql first MillHi, iieentlvlntir. and nnnprodtirtive under amyt^tL hnt as the Inter- 
rl^w iirort^ded Ihey revealed t be fart of and ratiM-*: fnr ihelr malLngeririe. Ciuallj 
lb* Interviexvn turut^l uji a neurotic or p«yoboTJr liasU for <be dfi^fptlon. 

The other ttvci eonfrw^^ion Ptudie*. Mnp mor»' relevnne to the highly apeclal- 
It^l. unlduebed arra i-f drups In Intettlffencr ItilerrxiEntLMn. d^Herrc more detailed 
review, 

Ger'ionantT virtorofT [ 121 mnduciedamytat InterviewR with 17 neurop^yehtatrie 
[latleiifs. M'liUers »ho had charprK airalnM them, at Tllton General Hofpiial 
Fort nil. FlrsT they were Intrnlewed without amyial hy a psycblairlst, who 
neither Ijrnorjnc nor irtres^lnit their ^dtuation ait prisoners or aufli^rti under 
wnitiny, irrjrwl «ifh nf tli^ni fn diwrinu hi^ iiiri\a\ and f*milv haok^rniind bl" 
anny career and Wf version of the cbanres i>endinc apnmst him. 

The pntient*: were toirt only a few minutes in ndvnhre that narc^oanalvsis would 
r>e perf.iniifHi. Tlie d<irr<ir wps considerate, hur |K)»flive and forthright. He indi- 
cated that they had no cNilce but to futtkniit to the prorednre Their ailltudea 
vaned from nmjui'stl^nlni! compliance to doinnrislit refusal. 

Kuril pntieht ^\a^ broufrhi to conijitete narconiK and j^'rmltled to fcJeep As he 
Ijecnnie nenii'-i^nwions iind roiild I* MhnnlRle<l tn «penk. he wns held in this *■!&*■' 
with addllliiuat amyif^I while the qnesrionine pnKi^-dwl lit- wa^ iiueniionHl 
flri^l alKiiif innocu.ioK umiti*r' frotn hi*: tiarkKronnrt thnt he hnd dixriis^ed l*fore 
m^lvlnc lh»» druc Whenever posvihle. be i\ns niuin|mtfiiri] int^ l.nndiiff ui» 
himself the chare.'** itt-nttin;: apainsf him befi.re lieiii;^ rjn."<itinnHl nl-mt them 
If he did this ii: a %'"• fnily eonw^iuini Mate. Li provi^l nion» effti>iiv»* tr» a>ik him 
tn "tjilk fliH.iit thai laivr " am] to Inten-ofie a topir ilmi wnuld diminish xnRpirion 
diia,Unc the Interrocatkon on bij* rrlniinnl a^tiviir nutH be uns Itaik in the 
pri^i^r staF** irf nnm»sH. 

Ttie firin-ednre differ--d from tbernjK'utir narcoannlysii* tn sf-veral ways: the 
aellinc the ty|ie of jiaiienis. and the kind of ■truth" soncht Al>i'i, the i>'nl>>«H-ia 
were kejit in twilicht (*on*irun»ne*is louder than uMinl. Tbi'* stwte pruveil ricbeitt 
Jn yiel.l of artmis-LmK prejmtiHnl ti. the ^'ii^Ject. lu It hi^ H|.»-erh was tbirk 
nminrilinc. ami dlHconn'^tiid. bnl his discretion was marked^ rednrt^l. This val- 
nnble intem-eation periiril. lasiinj: .mly tlve ii» ten minuti-s m a nme, rould be 
reiniTu*-.'d by lnje<'tini ni'ire nniylal and poitini: the jKilieiil lnu-U ii* sleeft. 

Tin- inlerr-i|:ntinn ie<'lini^}m- vnriHl fnmi niM' li» vut^- nncmlin!: ti» 1»Ht'kBroin(d 
inf-nnntlMj] Qlnnit the |inticnt. the serl"n*m'ss i.f \Uv Hn»ri;i'w. t\„. jwrienft^ aTri- 
tndi- under njirftwiv ntnl his rapjmn wjib Ihc d-ttur SimiHiniK* it wn-^ nj<f*rnl lo 
preiend. ns ibe piilleni cre\\ m"te fully einisrimi^. tbni ht- li:kd alreiidx confessed 
dunnc the Bmm-stli- i-eTiinl of ibe inlerr"CMt|.>n. and U. urue him. whiii- his jiiem- 
nry and ii-nse of M«ir'pnH-riknn wrre still liininnL t.. rnntinne to eliOi'imie The 
derails of •Khat he hiut 'nlrejidy rte*rrlU-d." WUvu it was obvious that a snhje<'t 
wns withh-'ldinc the truth, hi-^ rteni^iU were i|uii-kiy pas^eil over and ipnnreii. 
and till- ke> <i'i»^" i.-n^^ wonM !-■ reft-nh-il in u new aiijtr.mi h. 

S.-vemI piitv^Hjii-. reveab-d fiinia^ii-^. fenrv. and ilelu*i.ins ai*i-roarliJnc dellrinni 

" '' "f w-hirh .nnid riTidily l*e di'^tlnt'ui^bftl fr^ni ri'alit>. lint si^nu-tjnies tliere 

«n- O'. wa> r»r iln* e\;iniin^T m disnn^-nisli Tnitli fnon fnuTii^v i-\it'pi hy refer- 
ence fi' oihiT wmrt^'s. <HH- suhjeit i-Iaimeil t.. hnvi- n child ihat did not eiisl. 



4 

I 



MORI DocID: 163357 





29 

an'iritiT r tir»^i rf»iM-il r'> kill on sr^'lii n Hi'irfaUipr whn hitd Ix-^n ffpcifl t ^csr. ani! 
7^1 nnmhi-r c-Kufr^sf^fl irr iffiriii iivjriNC J)i u rtA'l'vTy wbi'Ji iii Ttri b^ ba<l ddIj 
imrrli:i<+<l p»m<1^ fn»iii Hie iiuriici]<»]ii>. T<'S(im*my nmi-prnhic il«f^ tnd ippclflc 
I»lii'T*s w!is iMitTU*iTxiitrfli> atn! *»f*fii nmrnnli'litry tirtatiM*- '»f Tlit* roilePl'K low 
of Miij»->*'i>'*p. His vi-niciri ill riUnp ikJiiupr^ niic) ^v#nt»; iirnvHl i|ue«Ttim«l>lp. B*- 
onii^i- iif his i-iii]fi]<<Uiu alH'iil bcIudI *v«^uik anO wliitr hi' Ihimirhi nr fvorfKl titt} 
liai<p<^i<t^. thp fiatifur ut rimps majuic^l to rv>]t'^-;i1 flif irirMj U'linlPniifmally, 
A:^ TJi** *HJ*iHOi M'vivfKl, lif w»uK] l»rt'i>ni*- aii^an- ihni hi* was bi^lni; QUPftiion^ 
ahi>iir Ills MftTHs nml. dein'iifijEiif ajmii hfs jifT-uJiiJiUi>\ his fptir of i|isr'iv^r>\ or 
Ml*' clfi:ri-i' nf ]iiv *li*-illu^i-itijiiprit with iht- <l<*<:f»r. errm MTai^H*'n'-. hfrsilfe. or 
|i]j,^ >ir:iJ|y ajf^.Tf^-'i vp. iVrJisjiHi'ill.v )mri<-iiTs liiiil In Ih^ fi>ri-Hil> ri^lrnliiMl durinft 
fhi< iKTi'nI ii' ifffViiii injury ((> thriiiii-ht's t,r htJuts ii*- tlip (JiKfifr cnnTiTiiipd in 
Ititvrriifar^'. S<irM#> |intip-iL(>. iii'ivt*r] )•}: fltri'^ jijkI rfrfTiisf Jijierr, Uip ft)>p<uri]i4irpn 
iJiii] !h»"\ Jiiii] flIrKiily iHt^ii Tn< k^l JiiTi* "Hifr^^in;:, Aiiil >i slilj IlBiiilf^l J*ii*p nf 
di'^n-Ui'ii. lU'fiiiUiry nrknurtlKil;;.'!! flM'ir *:"ill unit rlmlh-iij-'ct thi* nliNpriir Hi 
"th' SMNj^rljiitj Mlrfiiif Ir ■■ A< Hn- i'X<'i»*'i<<*'Ni imswil. m^nh' MJ Jmck 'iti Iheir oHn- 
innl sti^rip'i ai^d orlitrs verjflprl th*- (*iiiirfsi*iil jjinit^ri^ir Ituriiij: the foll^w-uii 
Cii'*rM(»\v iihit- <*t ih.' IT^ndni'it*^! tht* vnliiMty *>f lin-ir nnifesKinns i plfiit rr- 
imtlialt-d ihfir tituf^KKUms .irHl r^-illinnp/i MuNrpiirlit-rafi'iMJiifK. 

WjTli j-P.^imi ii> ihf jTliM^nlry 'if ih*- t>-smU< ttf surh inlPrr^COlioH. Grrnmt 
eitct ViHoritfT ri>»t'kkilf flinr iifrsiHri-i^i, I'JirefuL ipit-yiiitDntc van r^durp ftiabisui- 
(JPh in flniti ljrii'rrirp:irki)L Imr iMiiriftr Hinriu^iii- ihf.u nhrfLvOnT 

Ar IfnM (»ji#- PXjn rijnpiiT hn- .■-1i»»\^jj Uinl sult.iwis on- i-fi|>nMp <»f ntflinialiklnpr a 
lip uliiln Hiidi-r Ihr liitliH'in-*- nf ,i lijirLiiTikrnr«-. ItHllJrli aiitt liiw aKAK'laip^ at 
V:LffT;^~i) iii1nihij<N'r»*f| rutlhiJii fltiiyl.'il ifi )Un«' vr>]iiJ}ri-prs. Hindt^nU tnd profrs- 
piumiK. wJji> hH^J i»rt*viuiisly, f'lr imf]M.KK> <»f iht* r\j>priiiifiir. r^v^nlpi] ^liant^ful 
txiifl millt-i»rkH|»i'iiii: rj»i'«iHjt"i <(f ih^ir jki"! ntnL U»fii inv^nit^i J^iiM' H^}r-itro|^iiv« 
>T"frf"^ n- (fm-r llif'tn. Jit \\v;tr\\ evtric riiM' (h*- "hit n\ftT\ rciulN*^ Moin* We- 
jjH'hi^ I'f Mipj:uilT inlk^ri'i^f in ih^ inip stury, 

Tiulir 111. infliiPii.v itt Uiv *lnic. the Kubif^'lTK werp ^ro<EV-tnmln^ on IbHr 
t,>\fT ^rori*'" bj n hp<i»hil Uiv»'*rjCH'r.r. Th*- rp**jilt.^. thnut'li ""' dffinitJvc. *bnwwJ 
tbiil iji>r]i)nl iiHlividunIs wim hnil fikki iMpji>.fs and do mprT imTholi>rif-Bl trilti 
omiUI slick f" Ihfir jrjvfnfpfl wtorit^ unit refuse pinifrfl-lon. NViiroflf IndfTldutls 
wifJ> s\Tiiiie nnr»msri"ii*r spir-jinniiivt' renil*»nrip*. on ihp ntbir baird. bofh con- 
f^^-ifHl nuTf »*H^il> and wrrt- inrliiitii In nnhsfiiulf faiiin^y U'T tbf tnitb. ooo- 
f>'s^liic t<^nffviiM->4 iii-^prni-fiiik]]> ommiitt«i. 

I/i rpf'pnr ypjirjK dniL' fhiTn|»y has lunrl'- ».mnp u^p f-r wHimjlfliiis, ajrt^t notahJv 
iim|»hi'i:iinnii» (fWnxPdrint'i niifl i(« prlnlhp m«hflnii»liptinnin*' 4 MPthrdrin^K 
TJj*"?* Units. Urt-d pUhpr iiii-nv i»r fi»H"ttiuB Jntravpinnis burl*! t urates, pnidupp 
ATI iinT|-.njrjj)ir of idpii- piji"iiip|js, anil n*pDji'hps ivbiih hn- l^^n **f hPl]i In dlac- 
nosiiij: iiieiLliH dii^Tdprs. Thv |mtpnti:il of htlnuibm* iti fniPrroEntinn ha- re- 

ri-hrtl linb' nireiit iijiI**K> ii, nniiuMi^hiKt vork In *«H' "iiHh- <*r their [wychU 

aJric u^^p IJrusBpl n oJ. 17J maSntaln thai nipfbp**rinf »rlve*> ihp liar no time In 

Ihink itr T<» "o;i»i]i?e hU ibs-^'i us M»ir»- lh«- ilni;; Tnk*'" hnhl. ibe.v ^nv. an lu- 

siirnimiin.ibli- nr^f ir» |>.inr nnt nitt-^i-h tmi-- IIm' tiialrii(rerer. <^ortJ^hn1k. on 
Ibi- I'ThiT hanil- says ibm fbiv olniin is i-iiriivacnnt. HK^prrSnE «itbi«u elAbora- 
finn tZml ihi' r^Huly h.ck.il iir<ij«T <',nilrnK H'^l H i-^ pviih-nt Itml Tbi- cniitblopU 
u^' i»f Jinrhifiirnf»^ and niJmi*lnr((»>. j«rhflps nhmf: vittb aianixlo^ (tranquilii^r*/. 
shk'iild T>v fiirihtT eN|t1rirei). 




oast kV4Tt(I^P^ ^Kl'M FK.4< TJi K 

J, M. Morr>(»nj»hI. who n^ n |Byrlitntrt=r f^^r U\p PistrtrJ Courts of r>*Dver 

hii^ ii!\d pxiensivi' exjipriPTJi-r wiih n;lT'^l;lni^lys^^. na>> ihjir rtriij: linprrnfalion 
Is nf (JiMiMfLil iiiln»- iw nr^fiiinhic rnnfi'^kinjm in <Tim*-s. rrlmlnal siniixH't* undpr 
Ihp inftiK^iup of LorbiTiinires nmy dcliU-raJpTy wmib")d infornmHori. persist Id 
UiMnc nn^ruthfxU niis\*prs, nr fnl^^-l,* ri»Tifi"sx: u, %-rU\ws tbp> dhl t»ot pommlt. 
Till" i^yihojinThN- jH^rsoniility. in |iiir*i<uliir nt»[H"!ir* to r*'sisr suoo^'^sfuilT Uif 
liifliiPin-i* of iJnn'* 

M]irTW>njild tpIU nf n rHniin-il i»*i>rli..p,'\rh who. biYvinc afrrei-fl lo nnrrrt-int^r- 

rue-iHim. reipjiptl i.n cnnii^ i^f smlZuru iiiiiUnl nvir a j-^^rioil .-f fti^ haiir*. This 
innn fpitufil anmpsU mid t^ivm fjil.-^- jiMi.imr r»f ji miirdrr "IJ*- d»>i^lftreil lltth> 
i»r n-. remor-.^ a- h*- tfiil^-ly i do-irlU-d ihe vrirm: iiu-UnMna hiirinl of ihr l"Ht> - 
Jiid^pd h»' wn-i vt-ry si'lf-iHwsie*:*^^! ;uul hi- n|'4ip:in>i| abicwT r<> *"iij<n (he eirtQiiiiB- 
ti'-n. Kn'ju Hinp ii* t^ini- bp vniiid rinjiii'^i iU:iT uMtri* ai)i>i'il U' inj*^^*^! "I^'l I 
SliuIitHiald runrludt's tbiir u in-rs^n v.hu civpk fi-lx' iiirurniiilinn ^rior tn f«- 



" -«"p 



NORI DocID: 163357 





30 

drutf" .ir-' '>f lilTl- Viiliii- f..r [Wi-aljiitf i1<h i^ji[i,,|js., ^md tjiMf tlipv ori' iiinTT i-fTt^t^rv 
in Tf J*';!--!!!;: niu-"!!^ iniiy[> [v|m'^>tit ihjiti'niir lliai, in pi^tini: r'<ijiM'iiiiit'/y mp- 
pri""^ ij ii)f(.n)ijninn 
Ani»ilji'i |i''Vi fhiif TKt kin»Wh f'*r Iii* w<*rk wifii (Thmiisir-K. I, Z Fr>H'ftmaii, 

Tin- snli.t-Tix weri- mcnijillv Hii*il!ii»[i'. lli^ir ri»iMlkTi'»u^ nmi-iiii: Ithui chHTtn^it^r 
t\\<--nh'r-y ti> ufur"^*-^ nift j--iv*-lM*si"H T/i*- tiruc iittt*rvu-nr.- iir-ivt-*! ii^yihiflrrirally 
lii^iivn. i:il ii> ilii' iiiiiirnis. 1*11! KriMtlMt'iii fmiinl thii" Ui^ vi^u nf <ilij»'*-tivv ri-ality 
wii* **<'M<iiij iiii]krMi (it hi their ruf^HNriii*. Ht- wn^ iiiijiMf Ti» ^r <iri |h.' liosts nf 
Uii' )ij}rr...iiii»Tn'^:iiiiiji uhHlit-r h (rm-ii hi" li^kcl nr hmi wf in-ciirrtHl. J,iki' Mar- 
■ ■■■luf'l hr fiiuiiil iti:ii ii>^>i-h<-|iiir hir iiii1ivi(hi!il-' i-an ()»'iiv tn iJii- |»i1iir '^f uh^nii- 
si }Hhii*n.»-' jriii,*'w Ph;it rirry i»h.)r"rU" sittti i»jiliriiti"« iht'y b:i\p <'-»i»ji»itr^.ntO 

t *'• liihiiu, I'l'nlV'^vr iif L;n\ 111 \.«rTJiW'"-iT'ni I nhiT'^ilj. ^\l»i' liio U-.t<\ <-iin- 
■.iiJ^Tn^]-?!' f*\f»-rh"iH-* <»l*^i'rvJM: jiml HirMrjjiifiJTiir in "Triirj/ iJni*r U'sr> rJHiuj*^ 
Hi:r l!^*■^ nr-' *N'r:i>viMHjil[> ^■tTl^■li^v au ]fT—-ii- v<Ut> Winihl Ii:i\*' dirfln^ff tU^ 
irnrlj jih>«jiy Im^l tln-i Jni'u ((n'l-^Tly inif rr-iif^ilMl. 7>iti ihni fi |n'rsj»n dHt-r- 
iitiiii'il T>' Lk- will ii^iijtll.^ U- nhlr lir i-iiiiitiiu>' Thi^ <ii><'e|kn<m mtrli-r ilni^^- 

■Jlii- luiH iiiMrr;in |t^ii'hi.i'n*l^ wIh' tuaiU- rh^ in"<;' ixti-n-iiv,- iiw of hiir#»iniinl- 
.^■'j- ihiiii*;; Ihr w.j} Xt-itT-- Hex Jt- <prJMki-: Jiml Jnhn <\ Sjm-i-iO. <-*iHrliul-0 ihni 
in iihik'^'^r ;il[ ru<-<-s fhi'v I'l-uM 'iJiiiiin fri>iii ihi'ir [^iTiitiTs I'^^^'^nrinjlv ili*- siirtif 
jji;.iiTi.jI iiu>i ;:ivi. ijj.n} Ui»' sjijNJ- Pini'TJikjKil rflpiiN.- lu Ihenqo hJUimoI th*" U?^ 

T)i'- i---t-ti'-'^ "f Mif*'- r'»n/mt-nl^ Tmur ]ir •'!»'*•<) mui]^ nf Iuk^ p\r*r>»'h»'e i^ Thai 
ilrui;'- i*nt\Mi- nii'itt in-ivs- \- infi»rinjri<iu iJmt is )•<;>' liiiH ric"ill> u*'ful inil of 
il'pi!>-f fi[| xjihihri :i<. injtpfri'':il uirM. Tlif »i:iia!' (■*>('liM)(.i,'h'ill ihf-nii.'iliifii fthrt A 
\*—^ nili^l'.T.iTcil I'Ukjtirnnl irmii <titi Ii- f^hmiiifil fn-m fully rnnwii.i(> suhjt-cTs 




Tli4- :i|n<<FH] r-'I-vJ iil.*4-ji''-' tit iiiijTr<»lh(! *'\]ii rinrnnTMl sTTuJit-^ i»f "rnirh" drtifit 
hnil lii." '.i»'H'T> jinil ;iiitM ilolJiL jiiiiiin- i'f |»r*c|iiinru- Hin\ jHihrv evnl+'iipv rw|Uire 
ihj»r i'\UHi|H>^-,r|HO]* III iLr'Mif'-n*-!' iti«'r;rHi(ii^ Jn' ni»ili' u^Th '-Hr** SliJi, ^j^oUkTh 
i-. kit'"\ ii ;(l"-'iii Um' driii;^' 111 \ii>n Ic ■inL'i;*"'! i'^rtiiu* lini^iflerjiiiciii'* afftH-nnp tbe 
]k.p«^iiH:hiii'« f.>i th*'!!" Ti-<' in iiir>'rri*i:iinMn->. 

Jt ^h'jjilil l*i- i-Jp'jfT fr-^iu ill*- f'^Tt'vnin ihjiT Bi itpsT >i dniL' ntu only H**rvp in 
Jill ;iii1 L.H Jill ini<<rri-:::ti4iT wh-- liu^ h -iiiri- iiiiilfr^^Mniliiii: nf riic ]k->yrt]>»lr>io~ and 
1*1 |inri|iii K j,f jjf.inMl irjicrnpiriiiinii Jji m-ijih ri-^iPt^r*. hhjf^-ii Uik di^njjiMrN nu hiw 
<:kUl " ill i-- iii< riji'i*'*! 1-1 liiM hiifllini: hii\Tiir»" nf rnirli rtiiH fniitii^r in (fr>»;:jmfu*^ 
t-Mfi'Mi- ,Ani} fhi' r''riih'ri'-> jii^'iiii-l tihnJj hi' luit^t ^mmf in th'' jnicrrnt'-"*' tn ch> 
Ehi' ri'.|h»iixi-H lh:ii -M-i'in li- U- wjitiTrd wirlionl p'Ciinl for fii'H will I* ht'iphlt'iKyl 
i'\ diii::^: Hi>- ritiTiiuiti' Mff-inirN Alih HMrnhit's th.iE a Hiit-Jf'r In nnnn^i^ U 
•■Mi-rhirli ."^itfiTj'^ul-Ji'. 

1 1 -I'.'iii^ iM.N'^ihrr llml ihiv 'iii»i;i:*"'rihLMjy und (hf Tnmrerl cunM nf th^ niiroolir 
>^T,rtM niiL'hi It* i'Hl li> ]ir1v]Mj^>tr»' tii Ihr iji^' nf n Mfhjii^t fi-iuiiliiL' i|riM>r]ini-e nf fl 
hnii:ii,LL'i i-t x^tni- ">Mn-r skill thiM hjitt l>t-mnii- niiT*>in:iTii^ with Jiiin Ijr|iT"u|l'lU 
T'iiiih] S4>>lnn[i jini,! f ;<] hi-Jcfirt in il'-rmiiiiFJJiL' ulx'tlK-r u fuTt^it^i ^ijIith^i wh.^ Jn^rplr 
(■r<'i*'ndiui; imf ri> nmlor'.Ejiml Kutli^h \\\ t*\[»*ii'*i<Mi nur «nii tfii»'^^ ih;it h ilruCkVd 
itirirrt^u'ii*-." nii::hi fciii- ititfh ulty in.tJMr.'iLiiini: fin- itni*-!!-^ Thiir tw diil Kfl coui- 
)iri^lfi'ijil f hi- nil I Ml J '"f -I lirxfr^^i'^h hf u-x- ir>in:; 1-i 1iii)<- 

TliiTi' 1" 111.' funin'T i»r'»l"J»'iii i»f ln^vTiiiij in rhf inierrfitrUMrV n-hifhrimhip »o 
;i n'^'^Tjni'f' ^curi-p-. Tin- in-i-njiinljiti-i] kiii>» hilrt-T nlknn "Irnih" dm*: Trflcti'm 
Jki'^ iniiii' tiircrli friinj i>;iMcLii-[il)y«ii^ijiii ri'l:ii i^^u'-liiit^ of ini^r nml i-(ijifiil<-iMv- 
TIm' ^ii'iji" r in ii:irt-irr<a;(}>>r^ is ii^n.-fll/ limrMJiUtl n frriitfi tn i-iiTi|>f«rtji*- \\\\h t hP 
f>^M'hi:it riKi. 1-iihix t-i nhljiiii nOn'f fruin nuMiI^il }iiifT<<rini: <ir lii rohlrllMiii' To ft 
^-i<'nliht -H-ruity Kv rn in ]Hilh v n^nrk., ulj«-ri' uu niMK^^rihi-ri- r»f ;ii)\ii'r i, Hint rhr»*Bt 
itiii} U- i]t»n]in:iih1. ii ri'hiin*hOii^< nf tni<-[ fri-*fi>i>iiiK ;is-4>ri<> ilsi'lf lln- dniE J>^ 
iidinnii^irn'iT \'\ a hii"di'-:it iu;in Innnid h> u ^triti cinli- i.f eriiir-^. fhi- ^ll*il^**^r 
iu'Ji-f'iii^ r-t iiJitlrrj-'i }ijr'-i':in;i1> «i^ iij j il>-^|>i'rjiTi^ l>h1 fur ntrrnlhifiiTiihn nf 1iU 
l<"«lliniin> ir^'nt'- 1*1. (h dvni: nud ii*.\rlir;iih'«i. h'>^*»'^rr i»n(irHh*'t»M\el> , atu\ flnilly. 
Jis Friiilrn:iii Jiinl ^l;i'-|i<*ii;fM Inni JiidJr.ilti], ttti- imlji-f t^>i-h}:iTri^r frtiriTpiillr 
dr>j)]w u^lh ^1 xhh" iTiukitiiit. Alid mUMv tirdt-r -if |>-Mipii1'|>h>i>ii'ijiii n-hilloUH|il|i 
h<H r<^<..jirilv pv'dii-K. 



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liii: <.t. til.' liorl ol til* '''7"'«'';''' "''r'' 'm ", ' i„ ,h*.r.ll.T. thi- British nan^-.- 
E>w. nli^N '"I'l-"^' t" 17"' l'""- "^ ''h f„ thar-uH"'- «•"■""* trow 

Wmmmmmm 

,l,i, „„uM T^inirf a |..-ilii.- rHUilioH-lii|. will, the l.yi.m>ll>t i.ol llkWT lo 

1 :;;;:iii^.t hn...-is. ,--n..,tiu! s,.u„.. i^ «""'7'''!-,"*f "',:f,'':^cl' u i 

l„!ui!.,..J nm...cl. I.JPi."li'' tru.fv Ihi-r,- -ft....!.! -n^nr ro be 1.0 need for drujs, 

Tl,..r.. iv .11. ktiMwn WOT "f ••"i'-'i'-B l"''Tnt.r* Mr n -^riith-- rtn.c wllho.it erwt- 
i„>: -iLil.litiB nil.ll.-li...i or .,f ..rr>Mii,c tl- n.'ii"" ol n |.«rMH.rflt.. onre ind .red. 

trnl.-.. .f thr .lr..e. Sl...r. ..f thi^. t1.^ l-~r -W.-.isf is lo niflk.- «M- of th^ Mme 

n„ ..N,..rpi[,c fro,,, ,iur<'.«i^ liv will hiiv- n.. ..»,ics-n.l«l rollo.i of h.m m..^h be 
h;i- rrvfuh'd hr niii Li-ltHr r>-s..hr lo .l.-iiy h.> hns sqh! aiiyllillip. 



MORI DocID: 163357 




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jWffiUvr fe.iriin's of tlio dt-ffii^i- r«i»<irun' A Kii^iwt in narro-infi^rrri^afJoii in 
JnSiajcjlriP, wrtvprinp ^H'Iw*^!! d<H»|j mJc-cji anr) h^nti-nakefnln^^*. Hi** i*p*'*ch If 
ftJirHi'il aiirl irrf)rifH>BK Ilif aii'oujtr oX onjput ffrAsttrallv dimini^h*^ Dniff 
disnjpr <»^i«J'li^hf^] tJirmirtit panfrn.'*, iirthidiiic \hi- wlM lo iT«i*i. hnr th-^j do «a 
incliv<Tiinrn:ir*"l.v nrjil OiUf iilHi,f init-rri-r*" niTli tin- patr^m^' of *in*srnnf1vi. Jnfnr- 
timiion rJii* tiJ»-rr<3c:ir<pr wekv. E*»-n iiml**r tlit ccmfjiii-m** mmT fnvornN^ for 
tilt- iiih^rri^MTor. ooii^Ji will 1* ci^uift minted U,v ffnifn^y. d»^tortl'>n, and nninjth 

T'-'v^iM* lilt- tui'-^i t^n^l'ty*- xufy U. rtu, onpM-lf HtniiM t\HT"t-\n^frr''cnr\nt\ 
wr>ulrl I*** t.i «mlrTj:'» ii "dry run." A ir'tnl dPKC InitrrticaTioii i*iiii onfjmt tapt^J 
f"T lAnyi'-.i. k WfniM fatiiiUiiriK*" an iiiclix idufll "ith hi^i otvu rrnrd^iii** tc» '-truiJt" 
druff'i. ant} thi> fumiliiirity "^miUt beJii fi. r*Hincv iht> ^ffwr'^ of hiirn^tMinr)! hv 
Uir iij|»'pri>i:j|inr l^fnr*- uiiij iiflr-r !!*»■ ilnJil lj»s l»^»*j> iiiliJi?ijlsrF>rt-i] Kroii^ llii' n»'«' 
IWHNI i.f Hip i»itpnii;<"ii'>" Kfrvjf-^, iht* iriftJ Pxi-^-^Nrf- of fl nnrririilnr oiiprn'ivp trt 
dm;:*- iiii^'iir im.vi.li- n nuith iK^iirliin.i rK fi»r assf^MDir lUt^ kiutt uiid amouui of 
infiTuiJiti'ni III' \>*iulit iliviilt"*' Lti iinr"i<.i*-. 

TImt'" ni:i,v r* iiOni'Di iivi-r ihr i-Mi-^Jiiliry nf driii: RddTCtinji itfr^ntinunUr nr 

jvith |*n.l..i(i;*-c| iiMv nrnl rin- hrtrl'f'ijrrtr**^ nrp rjo *'J5<ejtliri|(. In r<*f^iit urinJtr** nr 
Hii- I'.s Vu\.h'- H-JiUl, S.Tvi'** I?— piiaT f(»r addi-ts in LesIiirtoD. Kr.. i.»ihj<*ct* 
p»"t>iv<il Jjirt'' il"'«t** i-f lijiHnii»r:i: - •*\\t ji p^rii"! of iiinjiJli^. l'|"fn rpjnnvu] of 
111*' ilnir. l|}i"y pxiJfriPhrf.l m iilf uiliHjr..w.'>] syijipu-ms and h^lmvprf In *very 
rt:*|ii-*'r Jikf rljritnir jt](-ii}'<-(ii-« 

Jl«:iir^' tliiMr .ii rfith »*■ ^TtrwniHy shorf, hrmex^r. niui It^^^au^r thpfr U litfl*- 
likidiik'NHi rh:iT fJii-^ v\i>iilil in- ndiiiinisieri-'l r**cnUirIy nvpr o ppoir.ncfii f^rind. 
l»i>pIiiniP!nt' "irnUi ' ilni:;'^ pp^'O^iii Mitfhi ti>k i>f iiinTJ>ii<»i>!il ndilirtjotj. If the 
ndvrr<:iry KopvirN- Wf-rr inlpor on rfp.nfJiii: Ailil^if i'm in urihr t" uplnlj i^^h- 
drjiiijil. ir n^iH-l h:iu- inh'T. niori- nit rid iiit-iius of pptnliiiinc Mnie^i as un|*JpQjinnt 
AS vvl(hi1rau:il ^yMiiiit«ni<> 

Tin- bj*lUMii:iinpy Hnd ji'^yi-li.itomiinoiir drijc sn-li fis n>^*o,ilin*. tnnrilninnn. 
I->*J* jr-, nml iijj'Titihit' !ire M>tn*']iiiif<> ml^firknidy ns-ifM'IntMd will) tinr''''niinlvtii' 
liitf^Tv-^iifit'ii Tl*fN€' rtriJ::<; d^^l'»n tin- THTrt'fiMim nnd iiiifr\trfln\u»i of rhf »*u- 
Kory hiimt to Uu- .fnirjii ihtmiU'^ sy>.tt*iu aird flff*'-r vKt^m. nudirion. smt-}]. tIip 
HiM<:iin'ii nf rile m7»» -if l«nly ^mrt^ and \\\v\r jw'<;iiion in w|inrr. nr- Mf'J-nlinp and 
I-Sl'-L'"' hii\*" l^vti n-Jil li» »rf:i(p fijMTinK'ntnl "p^yohoin sI:U*v" fliid iit ■ 

Siij'i" iuti'Tnin\\ti\\ ni-rriiii*K} fr'-in a jH-r^ou in n j*<ychori<- rtmc Mn»p ffoijM Prf* 
iiiirpiib>Tif. Itiziirn-. and <'irr**meb dirii* nil ro ii^si-'^^. ih'< M-lf ndtuhii'-rrrtri->ii of 
I.Sl*-^", «Jii,b i'* efrprTi^i- ill xninnti" d^K^ll^t'^, luichr in w|»"'ial ■ ipriini*l:njcpR 
offt-r flii ii|*^r:ni*H T**):Ji*"riir> prntt^-ti^in Hi:i^nis» iiiTPrr'ic.-iiii'n. ConrPivnFOy, on 
\hf fJht^T imnd. nn ndxiT-^^ry M-rvif*- *»n?ld n**- sinh dn;*?." t(» iircKlFn-*- rniXJPiy or 
lerr^T in mpilMiiUy nns'iiilii%ric;iT*'d isido*-i N nnnri}p fo dt'-lnn^ni'-h drnc-indiir^ 
|isyrliHtvj^ fn-ni :o-tii:il ln>^;iniTy An pnliL'T(f*^ii''d cjipriiihr cnUl not W thus 
friL'i'iniHL |ioi^i"\,-r, kn**ftiiii: ihnt flit- ^lT«'i of fht»>ii' bftllnoinoKP»1' iirenrs i^ 
[riiTjsi*ii>T h, intnun} imlividnHN. 

M-'ST r-n".[il]*, (hi-n' i»- pviil^iM-p thiit dnji:* Imvp }^ns^ flf^ci on wpll-ndjiimwl 
IndMidunN v\th izmit\ di-fpuM's nnd (ri>tMi t-nmii'ih;*! ^-ontrnl. nnd that unyonf who 
Onn ^virh-.t-ind Ihr -iln-s-i nf mini>>>ip|ki ihtPKni;::iriini ih lln* wnkihiT -inr* cru t\n 
so ill nrtn'o-iis TIk- fSM-ntijil re^MiriT* fur r^si-Hiiiuiv Thu*^ apj-enr tr. liP xtithii) 
Tijr iudividii)}!. 

rO\< I T'iIO\H 

Tlu" *oilif*nI ixijiii ^ Muii Mriprt'p from ilii'. dj*. ii^^iiHj jitp iIjo fiA]ov, iun N"i> atM-h 
ntncu \'Tf\\ n- Ihr j-niriLtr NnTi^in of Tmrli M-niMi cxi'^J" Th-- bnrMnirnJp^. by 
dlTiip/In:: drfpn^ivp iMMrrn^. tniiy Miun^tunp*. in- liclnfid in li»tprniL'rtti'<i[. Imr 
*v*»n nndiT tiir U'»-T <-»Hidi(iioj^ Xltvy will idiri^ sih oi^j^ui routrtiiiiiinml by d*'<-i'ji' 
Hi'i). f:ii>Tn»iy. ciipl-ltHl si*-.- b. t*u\ A in.'Mi-r vnlm-nibHil^ tlif^ |in>tln''p in Ibp «ii(»- 
J*«'l i*i n fpndi'niy (i^ »N"]i<i. Pif Im* iri ftthi\ inr>rr 1b:in be lni'« li is pl^;'-jldt'. h"n - 
p^cr. fnr P»iifli nrirtri:il mdi* idiui^- nni1 |i*>* tiniP^ir Pi^ fft rr>-;iv| dnn: in'^Tncf"*'*!' : 
ir MH'Th'- lik'»Iy rlnit liny iii<1iv iibm) y\Ui' nin witli-rMiid ordinnry inrpn^ivr iiifpr- 
riicuiidii 4HU htiUl oni in nnni-**!- Titi- Ix-M riiil (»» ft dpfpn^f pc:iin«l nnpoo-inipr 
nie.TiiifM i^ f'lrpknipw li-iltr nf thy- |in'.'»»^>. jii>d ii> liiuiiaiioiis, Then- i^^ nn ftrnrp 
n<t-<l f'T iNininiJl^'^l i'\|»'rriMpnlj*I Minli'^" *>f drnu rPii-lioit. no* only f*> i\^i>rvs^n\t^ * 
litLl riKf< [n kUnkiibiiti*- nnd [o n»lnbilEurj<lo^ of tli-|ir^<^^nt<. ptiniuZiitiis. and 
aTnrniiis. 



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V Ail:iin-i, K Hjjd.iiriniTi". Sri. .{tii . ^:^u. TtriV. f *'i i i, fifi-f:j 

;? Iljir^Jiuni, J. Triirli l>rui:'- Tiif ii»-w rririn- fjihtr. V>r'fH't. Jan. l'X-1, 29. 
Tj Til 

,? JtiMM ln>r. H K. Ait^-MUi'^iji S'-i. Atti ^ .tan. li*.",;, r'^_ j*. T'» 

srn-> Aiif r. ./. Ptiir^t'sl. lP:.*i. MT, iri3-in!V 
r. — - — . E^l•*'nJtl^'tllnl iibiirni!iH»Ii";;y and uiKi^umm-iil 4if ili*- sulijiTih> 

7. llni^sc*. J. A.. '\yi\<ttii. I'. I'., Jr.. k SJinnhrl. I*. AV. Th*' ust- of mt-ibt^lrlr)*' tij 
|i>i>rJi]jirriii»rac'h«-»- P\v ''in', V '*'"'► l-'-'^J. /". H-^l-StM. 

**. t uhiy. J I'lisinnjiritliiui"' fXiil^rii turns ut rlif |#TKnu;ihlv : iiari'iiikiin]i>i> aiid 
-im-tl*. ilrinr" **Jiftrk. /T'yr fr"V. ^^''T, .1/"'.. l^M''. 4-''- '*1lJ-^^Hk 

!♦, ilt'R'Hiijp. It S /*( HO* nJi'F ^lir ^linif. Svy\ Vurk : f Irm*- I'lv^s. Jur,. Iftfti. 

I'K Kri^iriiuni. I., 7.. ""iriiTii" <|ni;,"- h*'**. .4i.i . .M;(r'li If"!". 1471-1.-^ 

IJ. l«Hv. (; hi H'r>jifil:jjuiii»- verHj'>, Tin- c:irl.v hi^rnry of r}r]|):JniJii<'«N} >JtHr^' 
Jiji-ur-i J. 'if rni^i. Anir. fntinnnl. A l'*A. N'n.. N<n.-I»»'r, V.\Ty\\. 5"Jc4i. S4T-55e. 

IJ. "iiTM'ii. M. .r„ & Vi('ic"n>fl, V. K^iitrinifiiTiil in\»'sli*:;iti<>ii iutu ihv vuluJity 
*if i-t'\\U'Sf*i:t\--. a}tXii\\tf<\ \Xu\\vT MKjinm u«iy»»> nari'i»<'K. J. t'hn. tjud y^j/,. I'M^thrt- 

13 *i"*ir('H('l»:klk, L. A. T\w ii**- nf rtruc-^ In i n f* > mm Urm- aniline itirHnif^-s, TrrA- 
wf.v,f rrp'T^ £-\ ,4/?//'' Stutly Slf J77-/> Cfw/r^'l ^Z" JS {600i lli*!. It^. VX>s. 
]tii]V:>]| nf Six i^k) Sririii-r ni'H':irrb, \\\v. 

14, H'MiM'. R. K Th^ ii*H' <»r R<ki*^linuItU' i[t rrimiiioiucv. Trj-tyn Si. J. of ifnl . 

jrV. IJi'tiit.imi, F. A iin'liiiiirnir.v iiiv^Hli^:irinii hilo iiUn-iii-Hnu r<»iti|mriijc mpthf- 
ilriiii' :iui! s.ntiiiui :iin>'!iT with nflipr iin'th^iils. J. Mint Sti,, 11C-, ■'^. TOT-TlO, 
]fi, ltl^■nl^K.l; SrJf.inirtMiinntr'tfi Suriwe^^Ui- V.K\ 7 Uotiu\s. l^y 

IC J>^eJ**<t"^*^ of fnifM >>»r-i,prrrfr. Feh. 23. IflTiH. > 

ID. IjMirl*'tii;inti. E jVv'-TjiiIo^ir'jrl r'ljNM^f^' iti unrjiiiil nrifl Jllinonunl iitilfvlrliiii]^ 
iihi|<r )}iv itiiiii\'it\-k' of ^mlimn jnitvi^il. Awrr. J. pMfi'hiar.. VXiJ. Jl. ]tiK:U11i4]. 

2iV iJi't'ni. K. I-. Til*- Qihvt-iL in(»Tvie«'. A ivvji^iv. Anut. i'rttrtif. Itigctt Trra/.. 

lfi.-ii, ;. li^na 

1^1 MnrlVtiiJilil, J M Nnronniinlv<dis nnil orimtufil \a\\ .4nirr, J. Pttyrhiai.. IWH 

22 Morris-. J* X*. lutrrt vi-n/mi- ImH'IrNrnli's : an n\i\ in »hf dincnosih mirf tn-fti 
iiimjt nf i*i.nVfr^i>a» hy'<t»Ti:i nn*l i*»!i1m]i;iTiiil' ViT -vw^*/., VM\ iHi TifHt-MS. 

23 <>ni»', M T Tin- jM»iriiii;M vi'^"^ i>f hv^nu'M^ \u \i\\fTr*^ii:iti->\i. An **viiliniflnn. 
Alfrtr fituifu SK /TT-;> r/intrarf A?' tftHOO, np:. r>rt- Hr,V Mui^ntj of Soriiil 

24. TVTltnn, K, U".. ft K^M'^Ut. <'. J. P*iliiilvrs ; Ttn-n pluiriiiMmli>Ey and uspp. 
Ki']iriiir fnitn Thr Mflii-fi} r tirmn '*/ \iii-fh Uiifiifit W. B. S^unrft-rv f'om|mni. 

2T^ llt-rtTirii. F. T.. R:n-ii^, T. .T.s * Ih-HL-iou. C, J|. Nnn-oaimh-hN And fmrh 

2C Holiii. J. /'o»^-i />! w^»». Tniii-liiii-d l»v I,. J. PKUdit Nf« Ynrk : rbiloso|»biri»l 
I.ll.rnTy. lft%r., 

27 RnremiL U'.. A .^Ijirrr K /'^HfrviJ turrh-'tl.^ ,.f trrntitirtrt ra pMt/rhttjrru. i3rt\. 
t^.1 niUlimon- M'ini:iiH'> i*riri Wilkin-. lir.J 

->. Pui-lrr B *4 rerrU'lJnin svr .!**■.. Anc 1^'"»«. flj. 

2r* rhr L.. A Mtll.-r. I. (;. tt-d- ). JH-utrt aitti liihnrinr. Tifw york-I>irdoii : 
John Wnpj ft Si»nK Jnr.. lf<frf> 

Rpiintor lV.<i,i,i»r. If ihry »iv, I woul*l nfi?inno ihni vou wfnild sti^l 
Irv (o find from oifhrr t!ioir<i or -oinH»o*ly oUrV information liow to 
prnioolour|>oni^li' fi-iktii tliat kiiul of i»rlivity. 

AdTniral TmsFjt. Vpfi, 

Senntor T\'.m,lop- Thank you vrty iiiiirliH Thnnk you. Xfr CliBirmnn. 

Spiintor JNOivr, Srnator Cbafpr? 

Senator rnA>TE.Tlin7ik vou. Mr. CJininnan. 



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A<^iniml Tmnon 1 ai>]»roi'j?jW' thttt thcf<' tnwfJr>' Bftivitios werr tak- 
ini: i»l:i(v Ifiii;: iK-fon- vfiui' waf'Ji, anrl 1 think you liavp correctly 
Inl^'li'd tlu^ni i)-^ abliorrojiL biu not only wcro thcv'flMiorrcnt, it f^ems 
to nif tlifv woiv rntlii^i- I'UTi^flc], nhlntoMri^}l rxjprriiMcnt- Cfmf don't 
sooiii \n Iinvp l)pi'(i hnn<IIoci in ik ven- M-iontifii- waw nt loa*-t from the 
scanty evidence v<' hnv<*, 

Jl M't-nj'^ lo nn» tlmt iIjiti' ^^cro Mk» mininnim of report^ nnd the 
A;;<'T^ry di<hr( hnvo tin- ahiJity tu ftiU i( 4ji(il>. Jt went on for some 12 
yc'!U'-, nji you luiiitioniil. "Wlint I wouM likv to pet to is, air you con- 
vin^A'd uttw ijt ytini A^'rJiry fJuH flii»>i' SfiiUMti*- i'X]>rj iiiiMU^. Jrijili- 
mj»1p r>m-- ihnt ynsi wciv comiuctin;: wii)i polvirrii])}^ and so forth, were 
Ivinp I'ondiM'tHf in a sripnti^ii- mnnnci' ami liinf you arr Jiandlinp it in 
a coni'c't manner to pel flu* brsi infminntiojj tllnt you aro seeking in 
thr end ? 

Admiral TiRxm Yr?, I am, and I al^ l»ave a srnsp of confidence 
that wr aiv linntinn; ourselves to lltp area^ whore we need to be in- 
volved n?: oppoM'd In ni'ea^ whn-e wc ca?i rely on others. 

S<'n:itf»r Ciiaft:}:- 1 ai>i ronvi?ired of Ihntfrom your I'eport. I jutf do 
hojir that you Ii,n\e tM'o|*]e wlio an* ti.nined in not only hnndlinc this 
tvpc of exi>erimoiu,lnit in prej^nrinc the proper report *i and drawing 
Mil' proper diita tvoui tlie rejiort^. You an- convinced that you have 
tJii^tyitcof peopN-; 

AihrnnilTcfiM-.n, Yes. sir. 

Si"Ti:itor ("n.^ry >:. The pe*'ond point 1 am interested in wn^ the finrtl 
linr^ \u your tf^Piimony hei-o. which T l>elicve aiT very important, and 
th^l i- thai tin- Ap-rK-y is doinp all it can in cooperation with other 
hramin-r^of the (lovernment to fan aliout t rack inp down the identity of 
tho*^» wlio weiv ill some way ndvei'sely atTr-^ted. and =ee what can be 
iloue to fullilt the povcmn>ent'^ re>:pon^iluhtier^ in that respect. I mipht 
add thnt J ronniicnd you in ihnt, and I liope \ou wjU pursue it 
viporou^ly. 

A lio^pital in my State wa^ invoh-^rl in the^* proc^edinps, and it is 
nnrlrar oxarily wli.it did fnke plarr, s<j 1 havr !>oth a |>anwljinl interest 
in tlii^ :i]u\ i\ national intp)e-f a^ ^vell. j>nd ] do hop»' \i>u wiH prt»<> on 
witli it. It involvi-. nf>i only you, 1 appivrintr, but al-^oHKW and ixr- 
bo]>- 1 hf Attorney General. 

AdniiiTjl Tii*yi:TL Thank yoii.sir, lAV wilk 

Senator Ci I, WKK, Thank vou. Thank vou.Mr. Chairman. 

Si'iuitor iN^iiYi.. Tluink vou ^rrv nn»ch. 

Adrniral TurTit-r. MKl'LTb'A suhpmi-Ti :\ wa-j a ]nojort invohinp 
ihr ^^^■reptit^^lu^ udmininninion of J.SI > on uu" ininp jhimiu?'. wa- it 
not f 

A<1iniral TrrM:i!. Yi'H.sir. 

Soiintnr Iwuyk. Iti K*-hrunry VXA, rtnd tlii- wm- in thr very earlv 
Phip"-. of MKTLTKA, thf ] JiriTii.r of ( Vnlr:^ lutrlliirf^U'-r wrote to 
the tei'hnical *yrvr''<'<. stutT ofti-iiiU <ritt(t/.iup their jndpmi'nt itocnu'ie 
thi-y had parti'-ipau-d in iUt e\JieT'inii'?n invnlvjn;^' t\w adnuuii^f ration 
of KSl' nn an unw inin;^' ha^i* ui l>r. Frank ( )1miu, who hiter comnntled 
suii'idi . Now, till' hidiv idnaU rriii*i>:rd wi-r*- die ^wuw indi\ idual'* wfio 
wi»n' p^sjujn'^ihh' for lhi^ suhproji^-t -1. invoU iup I'xnctly thi' ^nnc prac- 
f irf^. Kvrn thonpb t)n'Si' indn idnuls wvw i'U»ail\ a wan- of the dunp*'r^ 
of surreptitious adunni*Iralif>n and i»nd Ivi-u orif ii-i^eil hv the l>i rector 



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of Crnlnil Iti(rlU|r''n*-c. sijl»|jr<ijirt '■*, ^viis noi iiTininftfet! immediately 

Ill fjiiT. iirrnriliJi;; to dfn-niin-Til*. ii cfiniiuiicii foi n nuni^»fr of years. 
Ctui yini |irnviilr tl^^ colninitliT nitli n*\\ i-xpliiiiiilioTi of Jiow such 

Atljuii-.ii TruNM*. No.5ii\l xviiWy i-.inx. 

S(»ii:»(or Im"Iyk. Are tin' infH\ i-huils in ihr Ipchru'-iil service?; who 
cniriedon subpifijcct -Jj^tiU uji lIn*('IA l»iiyn>]W 

Ailnjinil TrJixxir- I am sorry- Arr Vini askinp. ar*^ lliey lodny? 

SviKilor Imhyk. \\'^. 

\*h\ura} TrNXHR, No. ?-ir. 

Soniiiiir IxoiYi:, Wliat woulil you ih' if you rritirized offirialp of the 
ifM'jinif'ul servings Pt;itf niifi tln'y oonnniu'd to airry on ^xiwrinienta- 
tjon fo] n ?iiimlter of yvars ? 

Ashijinil TriixxK. I woulti do two il»iui:>, sir, Om* is, I would \w sinv 
nt flu- U^pniuMp tliut 1 was exjih^-i* vi?oiii:ft tiiat tbey km^w that 1 
diilij'i Mni>T tljjit 111 J«' rontiiiiiril i\uy wJii'ii' l■)H^ »ju) two. if 1 found it 
U'iii^ I'Onrinm'-il. I would roll Mimr l»i'Hd>. 

Si^iator Jnoi ■^^:. CoTild you provide this romMiiff«»f with informn- 
tjou lis tft whctlipr tht^ individjiji)? iinoUed lind thpir Jjpjids roll^-d ? 

Adiuii'Hl Ti Hvru- I ilou't U'lii^Mi* ilinv i^ any I'vidc^nrc tli'-v did, but 
] windoiiM<M!u*rk il^aL 

I S«V |J. 17(1 foj- (irrn^Tial Il'foiird !"».] 

Si jiaior 1n<h Yi:. As y<iu know. S-uiifiir lludinc^tou and his suboom- 
uiiftvi' iiri' diTply ihvuhc'd in (lir iliTiftitj^ n{ rhar1<*r? and piidflinef 
for ihr i»jh'Hip'»iri" <-ojiu]iutiiiy. AVi* will l»i' UM*fliup ^ith thf l'i"«'sid*'nt 
toiinnrow. <hu i-t»ui-*'ru ij^. I think, fl husir on<'. (an nuythiu;' like this 
on-iir iipiiu ? 

Admire] Tikneu. 1 think it wi>uld 1h* very, verv- unlikely, first, be- 
rime' Wi' ntv Jill uiucli moil' cons^'iou^ of x\n-?n- issue? thiin \ve were haik 
in the fifti('^, s«*oiid. U-oausi' vt- hnvp nieh thoroiicli oversipht piof^e- 
chnr:^. 1 canirof inju^ini- ihat this kirjd of artivity could takr plnrp 
tod;*y without sonu- nLeniU>r of ihr CIA itself i>ynas?inp nie, if I were 
anthohzinfr fills, and wrilinjr to the Jiitilli^'cniv Oversi^lif BoArd, and 
blow i]iptl]p\vhjM Iron this kind of nclivify. 

I nni also doin^ njy vcrv Ix'st, sir, (o encournpe an oi>pnnes= with 
mvsolf nuil a free fouuitunirafion in tlie Ap'iicy. so (Jiai ] am the ftne 
whfk finds fhrso thin;:? if they should happen. The f»rt is fhftt we must 
ki'fpyou iiud your coiiunittee and now tht- new commit rpe in the House 
inf<»nned of /mr sensitive activities, 1 think all of tlw-sc add up to n 
deprreof scrutiny such that thiskin<1 of extensive and fluprant activity 
could not hap]>eu to^liiy without it coming to the attention of tlie proper 
ituthoritie:^ to stop it. 

Seunlor Inovyk. A Rad aspect of the MHTLTRA pi-ojeet was that 
it naturally iuvolveil (lu> peojdo who unwirtinirly or wittinplv pot in- 
volved in ex|ierimentatioN- I would nppiv i:Lle it if you wonid j-eport 
l>ack to tliis eonnnitli-e in 'A monllis on whjit the Apeucy has done to 
notify thc'^' individusd- aiu^ tlu*sr institutions, ami fui-tlifrniore. to 
notify u^ as to wlint st''|j- lune Nen lnk"U to identify ^irtin^s. and if 
identified, wlml you have done to ftS':ist thetn. niouctiuily or otherwise, 

Admirul TrR\ni. \]] rijrlit.sir. 1 will 1h> happy to. 

Serj!itr>rOoij>WATKu. Will the Siuntoi yield t 



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Si'i/n*nr I\ni vr. Yes. .cir, 

S<^ii:*i(n- <ioUi\v,\TUi- J \v()jnhT if In f<.iilil iihIii*!'- in t}in( n-jiort for 

p\|n'n'"*'Ml> ilfi?n-oii ll*r»i, riT»<l wljHlji'tllri'v TC(^iv ^v in ]?/;,' ur umvining, 
v<i(iiin,-*T or muniilimh'i'f, nncl wlmt liiis iMrn tin- ivmiIt in rnrh cast\ 
I i}iiril< rlirir \v*»u]<l l»r iT^trrestiup. 

Srn:it(n IvnrvK. Si'imloi' Knnn-'h * 

y^i'UuUii Ky.xsyity. TUnnk you. iTis yonr inu-ut'iou fo notify tlK* in- 
ilivjOiiM^s w]u> ]uivf lnN'n Hir snlijt'ris of tl^- n-^:iV'l^ is thai ri;;hi. 
A<iuiintl Tiirnor-? I in von int<*n(J to notify tJif*^' imlividnnl?? 

A'linin*! Trh\Kir. Yes. 

S-niihn- KksntjiV- If yon r:ni identify tli^-n^, \i>n JTitmrl to noiifv 
Mi*'in< 

A<1inrra1 Ti n>;r-F. Yf5. 

JN'nniiO- K>NNKnv. An<l you ]nlen>) lo notify ihi' nniversitiis or n*- 

st>!»ri fi I'l-nti'j*' US wi'H t 

A^lriiinil Trif>KE{. S'n:itnr. I niti torn on thut- T urnli-rvtan^l yoni- 
ojH'jMniT stHtrnn-ni. I put iny-rlf in thr popjiion of tljp |>vrM*lmf of onr 
of (hoM- niuvpi>itii's U'(V sny. ]f In- wen- wifiin^— if iiii^ nnivi'r=i(y 
Inn) lK-«;ii witling of tlii"^ iniiviiy will* u,«. !»<- li«* necoF^ to nl) thnl in- 
formation to^lav- If hf won- nof wittin;:, 1 wojulor if Tlu> pro(*i"P- of 
informing Inni rni^Hit jnif lii^ iii^^TifinionV ivpnintion in niort' j^^opniily 
t]iun Wtin-r t)ifiii )ri*u\i t]ir wny thi-y jiir tod;iy. nor knowing, J jfnlly 
il(»n"t k}iovv \]\i.- njniiii's lu'rc. 

SomU oi' K>:NVK('V-W<'n,tlio ]>m>Ii1oiii is, nU von Inivo !oHi>i'Hpirk np 
tlio npWipMi>rr- t}ut\ run sc** (he.-Hp nnivrr-rlio> inrntion*^!. In ninr»y in- 
Fit nnii-. I think you ;\v\- pnttinir lln- univi-r-ify projiU- r»i nn pxlrnorcli- 
iijuy iii-^!i(lv;in(n;_n\ wlirn- lluTi' i- n t'oiuplrio etiiuim- of inliiiini^trn- 
tion. nn.l tlit-y niuy for mu- Tfjtstm ov niioi))(*r not Utwt* infonnntion 
that ilu'v nil' ninUr -u-pi<'ion. Thnv is iiniurnilo: Ihorr i? rnnior- I 
oflnnot \it']y hnt In-lii^vo tljnt it uill jn-f -rot sinpiircil nil over tJio iiow*:- 
imj>pr <; in spile itf u]) l]tv sr^ennty Ptrp* lh:ti linvr lw>en f wken, 

II si^cin^tonu' llnif tlifiso nuiversitii-. ^bonlcj (m* enlitU-il tot 1ml infor- 
ni:»tii»n, so fljaf tlir ono^ with oMii^r rnliiiiuislriHion^ onn n^lnpt pixir*'- 
tlim-'* to pron-** |Jh>A' nnivcrsitje-'. TJ:e jjnjiortanri' of pn^^orvinp llir 
inil4-)K'nil»*niT of -rmr ivsenrrli nivH" nnd tin- i'ojnnuniilic<ii<*onisto nie to 
U^ n Yi'iy fmulinnoritnl kiihl of (|tn'-fion nJ^ont tlie piTilodion of the 
intt't'riiy of onr nitive]>ilirs ;^^^l] i>ur i-e?-ravi'h r**nier-. 

Ailniiral Tiijnkk. Yon an* >ayiii;: \}vM yon fepl that if we identify 
tln^io f>riMit('lytn tlujiwi-hi'-. \\i' rnn U'nvfil thcui in nn n^lofpr.ite wny to 
rovei'tJn' risk I lint lJn> will JhjiI ton njnre pulili^' di-elosnri'f There ni'^ 
lot> of Ifie Ml \\]ut iiEi^i" not iK't'n iili'ntitie*! jinhln-ly (it tlii^ i>oint- 

Si'Tiiittn-K^wKov, 1 fliink t)ie niiivei>itt(*s tlieins^JvessliOuld l>enoti- 
fierl. I tliiiik llie)i tin' nni\eiviiir- inn take wlintever stei>s in terms of 
their ^'itin;: up tlir pr*H'ednre:; ti^ protit't iLeii- own kimts <»f inle^rrJty 
in terni-i of ilie futrjTv, 1 ^Mnilil rertainly l»njM> that tliry wonld feel 
llnjl Hum- t^nOil niak»^ a |inMJr cuninirnt or n pidilir staiement on it. 
i liunk it i^ iif ;:*'nernl j>nMii' intm-sf- patli^^nlaTly f'ntlie i)eoji}e thnt 
ore involveil in Tl»o-e iiniversili*-'. to lji»\** >nmv kimi of ;nvinvne^- of 
Trlietltei- tlsry wi-re u-^-A or weiv not n^nl and Jiow tljoy wei'p nsrd. 

1 tlonli Ihev iwv enlilli-d to it. nn-l ipiilr frankly, if llnne i- ii jnil>lir 
offiriijl or nn'oflirinl of tJii- nni\er->ii\ thai yon jiotify nnd he wants 



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for Jiis own i^aHimlnr rrnsoii- not to Ijavr it pnMio, I don'f Bet why 
tli<'-r ill « lop-(i-ei'lirloii or l<i\vci r« }if Ion wlio Unw been effectively used 
Iiv it should not h\\\c llie inforniniioT» u> wi-ll. 

"So, I wonM Im-ik- tlml von wonld TM.tjfv llu^ imivrrHfios and then 
nl-o iiidin.t(' to Wn- \mhhr. 1 cnn"l nmmve fliat tlnt^ inforniatjon witl 
not Ix' put onl ill tlu- no^^>p:M» '«-■ ='»^<1 i' 1'^^'^ '**^ tini^f-rsity i>eo]>le nt 
an exiinordiiisn V disitdvinituire, and of <f.nr^ some of it is wron;:. 
whic^h is thr fnrt of ti.e maft-'r, ni.d I Ibink Mm.j- univriEily »fficj;d 
snvin-. wHl, it i^n-t so. i? n 1"! .Urh'ivnl tl.»T. if tln^y k """■>( js ron- 
finn.-d or it i* not roufinin^l in trrni- of tlir Ap'nry iisi-lf. 1 llimk tliat 
tln'ii- i- a iv-ixm^i^'ilitv ilu^r*-, 

Ailn.iral JviisyM. 1 ii:ivr *riViil -vini-^.tl^y wuh wlinl von are ^nyinp. 
I Imn' aln^dv notitivd one inMitul ion lieniiis*- tli<^ involvement T^as ^ 
extensive that 1 tlionjrlit they i^nlly nr.-d.M to l^rotert them^lvec a»d 
1 am most flnxion< to An ihi^ in whoever wny wil help all of the 
neonle \v1jo ivere nerliuiis ninvittin^r pnrtK ipaiits in this, and the mm- 
cnltv I will hnve is, I enn t <iniie d<>, I think. wl»M yon suffpe^led, m 
that I mny not be able to toll nn institution of the extent and nature of 

itsi^nrticination. ^ , » , # 

Senator Kv-wPY. ^V*!!. von rnn toll thtni 1o the bost of your in- 
foimnlion. nnd it .^ms to inr th.M ,iiNt lHTaii>e the uiuvemty or an 
individnnl i- poinir to In- i'iiibnrn»--<'d i> not ji mison for clatsifvinp 
t\w inf-^rmnti^n. So. 1 \\'*n].\ li.»pi — 1 tn*!in. I obvion-ly speak as an 
iIl<U^ idufll S<-jia(or, bnt 1 f.4'1 (h:il that i-^ an incredible di^MTvire to 
the innoreni individiud^ nnd. 1 ibnik. n di^eivirr to the intec-rity of 
thi' univri-«inr^ nuW-^ rhi-v nn- nonlird, to Ih> able to develop pro- 
cedure^ von niv drvMopiri^r with Jv;r:^ld^ io yonr own inf^titotion and 
we are tVyin;! to in ieini> <.f lU- Con-ii-, I eiliiinly fli*^ universities 
an-entith'-d to tlie*^:iine. 

Adinirid IrnvKa. \i>. Not all of rln ^ , of eoniso. wire unwittinp, 
Srnntoi KK\MJ»v.Tb:irMiLdiT, , 1 , ^i 

\.bnind Tirnik- M-niv of \Ur\n w*tv wiltin;:. and tlioreforr they 
enn take all tbo^e pnTJinlionai v >(eps on ihvir own, bnt 1 am perfertly 
oivn l.> doiiijr tlii-.. 1 nin onlv intrr^-sf..! in diun;: it in a way that when 
idrntifvinjr n nniver«ilv it will not Irud tolhi> imblir ib^losure of the 
inilividu:iK. wbnm 1 am i»of al!o\M'd lo di-rUi'M'. and <o on. 
SenfitrirKFANKi'Y.Tbiit roid-H"' .1>iiim1 si'ern-tonip. 
\cliniral TrKM:K. Sci. wr will -*■*■ if w,' cno d.-visr a way of notifvinj: 
thcH- ii]'^titinion> on a |niv:itv b:»M- -^ thai thi-y ran tb**n mnke their 
ottii decision wlH-Hier thrii r*initiv^ uv l»ePl s*>rvrd by th-'ir annonnc- 
in^'il pnblirU- nr thrir :itlt'iopiin;r i"^ iii:nul!im it— — 

Semilor Ki vvKin. Oi y'>iu 1 wondn. WU-M if thry weiv to ask yon 
loanni-nneior inilii'att'J »■ ■ ■ *i - t 

Adndnd TriiNKii, Mv i>c'w.iod ron-'ii^ncv. Mr, at tbw time i? tlint ! 
vvc.nl.! br doin- ^1 di-si'iw lo ib.-^- nmvn'siHr''^ if 1 iiotjti^^d tl»o l""!';!!;"' 
S.-ti:»l.iv KivvrnY, IWurld von meet wrtli ^nine iiiuveVFilv offirinis 
and a^k ^^]u^t \\mv view^ are or ^^U■thi'v tln^v fe.^l thm the pi-e^^iva- 
tion of the inlemitvof tho nnivcisinr- wmdd Ik^ Wtier served ornotr 
1 think thnt would Ik- ns,^f id to find om f nm. Mn;i1h lariri-. private, and 
piiblir nnivi-rsiiic- orti.'ial> how Ihrv vn-w tbr inlirnty-^ — 

Admiral 1"i hnku. Fine. 1 will pbom- ^evend nnivei-itv presidents 
t^Mbiv who inv niv friemU an.l wh.. mv m>( invohed m (In-, and ask 
tln-ni wJijjt ibi'v think lb^e^n^til'^ would U'. 



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SpnntrtrKTNSKny, ATI rijlif. Von lot u'-know.irH*, 
AibnirjU TrFVKiE. Hut 1 nm iit.l -iirf ti*:U 1 mi' tlmt thpiv is nny (rrrnt 
k i.i 111 ill Tuy iiotif\ JTT;: tlu- jinbli*- h-> o|i|H>si^d in t],v uriivct>iiy ni^tifv- 

S*-u:il<jrK>vvfj.v. '^'i'-. I'iii' Tut \vnulil ivuinin lli;ii th^ iiislitulioirs 
^n-diliHity avokM U' U-H*'!- -n v<-,1 if iIm- iiiMinni'Hi'- I'M'-iilonr wqu- io 
{}>■})} it iMiil til*' Hhivf'isiiy in.lH:jli'(! tli,i» it *ii*i ivit |i:iMi.i|»^i*' in that 
pv"l'rjuj» fl»!i»i if tl»' nnivrr-ii V wi-tp To ilnn- il jtml lljr Au'f*i"v savs 
luittiiic. '* siTtii- fo ii]»' liiiit flijii woiilil U-flir ttn»ri^»-(. nn<] iJir only 

u;n t||:iT Hi:ir I- 'J<tiU'^ In !.*■ chibM''. 1 wnuM \ Ji]\U- it if yoi] ivn;J(| jrpl 

s^iiMc itijJNl fif»TM inn\ civil ii'v ns lo wljjn tJiry Iwlicvr i- }i^o f/nre-t wny 
in hTJii- of iln" prrM^i'viiiion of tin* inlcijiify of fhr ijniv4"i>jtii*-. 

J-i'T u\'\ if 1 foiiVJ. ii»ik on tln' <)tK-ii<jn of tlic ii-t'?- of tlu'-i* pafp 
jjon-i's. u> I nncl'TMiirnt froTu infnnn-'ihon tluti wn^ |irovicl<»i| to us in 
llii- c'onr-c of onr iRst i-onnniTiM-. tin- (i-sTin;: of varion- dm;:*; on in- 
<livi.in:iN hnpjH'ju'it a! ;i)l soiij»l Ifv4'l>. h\i;]t uml htw, il )ni|i|>t-nc<l on 
n:i(iw ATNt'iintn- and nKooTi fon'i::h n^^ion!^J^, Tli:if i*- wh:U 1 ujider- 
stan.l wjt-ilii'nuniivof llir projd iiMlf. 

Now. ] mu jn.-il Monrfrrini: w]jpi)ii'r iliOM't^*^N ivoi'onmilnHpd af the 
l\v,i ^^h'jition- on thi' j^mm ,t,i\^i nmT Tl»*' wrsl i-oasl \\hir]i w.-rt- known 
H'* y!if<' Imn-c-. To yont' knowlcfl;:*-. i< thai lorrivt ? 

Ailniin^l Ti i;\n;. Vr-. 

S't^-ifoj- KrxMHv. I)» tPrnj- of tln^ rr%4-nMi in tin- pnniruJar pro- 
pi jnn. it iliil jinT 15' ■ U \oii,l !?ir ^jifi-- fiiitKi'^kortitnl on tlnTii-^l rowsi and 
til** west rojisT ? 1 U-licvi* 1 iin^ .oru'-'t on t)i:it, 

A'lniir:i| 'IrnM i:, Tftijt ty|H> of mnvittin;: trstin;; of sort of rflTi- 
(lonily -i*l<"i'ii'(i 'iuih\ i-lnitl-, v*-*. 

SrnuioT Kkwjjiv. It \v;i^ in-t loi^Mti'i] in flio<iu uvo 11101*0-? 

Ailninal Txi:n>i:/1'u till' Ih-t of onr Ur(ovli'd;r<^ tb**n' w^rvonlj- two 

Si'U;>Toj- Ki:\\).n^, 'W.-IT. Jmw ifo wp inforpn-f nnnloniTy >f!iTto(l* 
AOiiiir:»l T riiM t:. Wi'l). n- i.pjHwil tn |irift*>n»»r*^ i[i n pri^um vjio worr 

S<'n:»toi- Kv\v}:iiv. All nirlM. }h. yon krtow from this information 
li<»wnjnny jn»oph'\M*rr n'cniiii'if iJurin^'ihi- |>crJoil ? 

Ailinit:il Ti r.\T:i:. No \i}\-a. 

Si't*:i.Tni Krvvrp'i . I ^i von know uI>j»T"\ini!Uph ? 

Adnjiral Ti'Kxn;. ] ii^kr.l iIt.h jjUf-lion tlj** iilljt>r dnv. nnd wo JTftt 
lioifi havi — ai^i'in-i'ntty wi' an> very — wtA). riUirr tl^Ti^ wpro no 
ivrnnU ki'jit of x]w :ii-Hui1 nnrnU'r- nn^l ^V|h- of |h'o[-Ii" ir>?*'tl ur (lu\v 
wrn- <loMrnv*'iL 

Scn»to( l\Mi I?:. S*»n:itov Srlnvi-ikri. 

ftn:itnr S^■ll^v^.n^^;l^ Thjjnk yon, ^Ii\ Clinirniiin, 

A<tiniiji1 TurntT. 1 would likf to ifnhr Imck to (In- e\|»orinionts 
whirh may linvr Iw-f-n *-niuhhti'<l ^t ihr bn-piiaJ r^^prinvli fat'ilitirF 
winrli tin- CIA lu'lpi-d lo finnni'i'. li \v;iin"T rl**nr 10 nn- fn>ni yonr prr*- 
vioi]^ an-wi-rs ^vli:ii kind of work wjj> donr f iiori-. 1 jr:if Itor von arf iin- 
ch'iiv cin dial. i<^^. iv*in vinii- n'nmrk?*, yet 1 titid in xho CIA doon- 
nu'tihitifn' wliirJi y^ui hsw^ ^^npi'lir'd n-, n Tivt di-^oriliini: sonir of the 
Mdvi»ntft;ri'^ \hv A'^nu-y lio|>rd Toi:nin. It -;iy-- 

ia s OiM' sixfli nf I he- (nint ^pnor in thi- nvw hi>spifnl whit will l*e a*;iUaI>lp to thp 



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prcSwctp Kill »* t^.tiii-l^tt-fy detiiftr>Ii'; ir) FiilT |tr.T«*wioDal c<»ver wtlJ be proT-id^ 
for Ml' I't MirrO IpJpm In'iuii-nl i"ii.ii]'0#»e'' nf tlir f*Jjpj|)irnl Divi'-i/tji ; jrfp Human 
imiji'iit*^ :iu(1 ^nlnnii'i'r*- Tt *-sp«rinif'iHiil um- ui(J I4- ivailaliJe under controlti^ 
cliD^ijI rroidrfitm^ nith Thf full si^i'^rvj^jr'n of 

li -»'rin> pn-t«> liriir t*> iin' wUax llicy iiili-mK-d to i]<i in that pnr- 
f iculiir \\ ill;:. I J^k'-ji'i it ta you '. Wliv vv<ntli[ you jjo to mk-Ii pliWioiat*' 
lipv|»!iviiti'ins, |ri Imy jiiiit of flio \vi(i;r, liiiiip ihr** of your own per- 
pciiiLc] ilii'M', ^ivr ilu-rji n covrr, nn»l ffivt^ iIk'hl ncr^-^s to jjnlients? 
Wliv u<*[rM you jro to ^-jK^Ii (niiihic firul ("xpniT-f* to nnnn^''p nil tliat, if 
y*»ri wcn'u't |0;otiuiiir to i'\[K'riiiK'rit on jxxrplt- in rJic* Jio^pilat ? 

A^liniijl Tm{\k«, ] njrnv willi yoij I'Ni p''h'<^nt, sir. TJioh' \v**re 
rlc:uly Mjr tnlfiri ioji-. I }i!i\*' tio f'vjilrnii- tljnt 1! wjj^ i-itrrinil onT ii> 
Ihiit wjiy. 1 orii i»oi trying: to )«■ clrffm-iv*^. Spnnf«»r. 1 am only trying 
U> lu' nlis(^liiTrly pj'rTJM' h\-rv. 

Si^rijiinr SrEiwKjKKC. \\\-\]. xhi-n. n= fo tin- nnfiin- of vrhut ^Ta- donr' 
fhi'rv, tilt InH jjuni^njpli on liji- ^nmp pni'i- of tin* doriinn^iit snys. 
"TJ»r fmulin^-. of i1k» ln>spitii] nn'! the aMlity to conrfiict confroljo<l 
o\}>.'rijm'nii»ti<iii- un'Jrr ^^nfo cliniinl rontlition? iisinc mal^rials with 
whiili any apriny coniit-rtion must l)o ronipl^Hy <lpiiiH}»]e will aug- 
ment an<I coih|»)oio(-nr oiLor pro^niins t^cently token over by TSS. 
siuli rt*;," niui rJieii thrn'- aTiotht-r <1pl<>tlon. 

Nr>\'\ tin- HOI J- followintr ''^urli flft" Jinvp l*ppn fleletpd. That is still 
rh*-sitir^d. oi- at \fust It \vn6 n-nrovpil wlion thi> tlo^^nrnpnt whs sanitized 
jnnl n']''ii-i'J. It M-rnis to In- ih;jt wlj.itever vrn^ tM^tt^l r'lfzhx there would 
Civt' yau a prnity poi**? 'O^e as to wh-M they were doin^- since it says 
tJiaT }h*- jK'tivitii^- wonlil "an^iurnt aj^d ronipJeinrnt otlicr propninis" 
}*nJriljiIii'n hy Tt^>^, S<i. 1 havt^ tt^uhh' nncjcr-ianiling why you don't 
know wiuH \\a- lontmi/iliitrd. Just tin- fmi that similar pi-ofrnms are 
ref^irJ to in tl»o doimupnt. thrtuph whiit th<y are is still deleted. 
shouM ejiiihlk- \'<i\i tiJ (hvrk it out. 

You rould hrtik at what wvut on in the Hinilar i>ropram5i mentioned 
followiu;: iln' "^ui'h h^" in i\w rhi^s^itipd v^^r^ion 01 thi- do^-uuient. 

Ailuiinil Ti i:\t:i:. Srujihir. 1 U:\vt' not s;ii*l that we JonV know what 
WH^ i-oniT'hLjilii1<'il ^K'in;: <hirn' thei'i\ AVe d<i not know what was done 
thciv- 

Si'iui'or SiMviikKr;- lV}iy did yon di-Vto thnt ivferenre? "Why h 
tlirit ttid rl«-riti*'il, that piU^ii^ulMr projrt't of whjjtevn- it is ^ 

_\(huirrd Tx ^■^>:J^ ) Attui kn<»u l}ji^ pari imhu *'!(sr. UV will lift you 
il>'' **\nri !in««i'r 10 tli:n niif and infiutu you al^nu it, hut ii is fpiir*' 
prol>:ilii*' ihal l!jiit oUut tjim- J- nnn'hurt* h* Thi> in I hi — wpIL i>o! nn- 
nOninl, hut thai t!i:il wjis a piojvrt tlial still ih'SiTvps to Ik* ehissJHed. 

[Tlie material refenpd to follows:] 

Con«tniori'pn *'t ih*' Cnnuan Auw\ ^rft^ h-'C"" i" 10.17 and rh<* Anne?; wn^ 
ilMlir,.Uvl ih Miinl. yXtU. of iii^ ..ri^njl MKM,THA |l^OP^l^ <"cmclintPtl at 
tJi^in^'dirtii *'U]} "\iv iiiviihiiii: liniiuUL It^-Htiii;: tmf rui n (likir spiLii nul«-^n3UfiK 
ji. M;inli V.^'At S\,\.],T.-)t-n J.-, r,-in rr-»ii^ n*.V> m liwiri. rlMi-^ U iK inw.-^ihl*' ih-.\X 
Th»' tliKir fmir >i"ar> *lUTiU n«L't. ,if ili»- Miri]*ri»Vi t nniUl liJk^*- Ih>*'II n|H"(if In 
Ibp iM»nimii Ajiij<»\, H<mi-vtT. thiTP is no rt'fi'rfjiii* to Ihp GiTiHJiii Adhph or a 
■■|H"« Aniirs" hi Suhiiri'Vc-i ^r* i.jijht^. iieiUitr l^ rih-re iin> mpuUim at tlip ftul*- 

AiUlMprinnm^ to r4»m)ilpuf.' i'lA f U li*H:irJ <'<>U*itn»i tlon of Ihp GorinaiL 

AiiiH\ J*. '■nriiHrri.fl iu S>\\.i»rt.}f*rt X» "f MKl'LTIfA UprHUly di^i.vprpd aiarprifll 
LUiUt-:il t'll Tlijif l*r. itt^t'liirkliT nMHiiitii'il hi* ri^t^in'h f'T ii|fp|»- jiiiil aiiiii^a- 
lif..4biH iriL' 'tr'ii'-' iiiicl.T ri'p.if^-T MKSKAltrir Uif.-ri::li July 1W7 itr Gpur^pfowD 
f'iiiM'rsLr> llMK.jot:il lliiT U ih- ihi}><«ssiMt- t4> dt*ifriiinip if Ibe fHiiltitps of tbr 
<;Hri«i;irj Ann '\ «i-ri* ljkii>hed. 



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SrimNir SruMKiurn. T t}jfnk tlint wntjld ifi*'' <i^ a prrffy er>od rJiie 
0^ Jn wJkiT wn.^ pF>jn^'HilH' il'ii>o in i[ip win;: tljt' CIA )j<-)j.**ri i/i finsn^. 

AVn- xh'-yy Hn> irnli-'Jiiion jit :il] i]> 1])^ n-i'nj*!^ you foujxj thai the 
piiii-^rl iiltjiiijjitly um'iI y\\\v'\'\ |i:(l iriii> or ti'j iniiiiilly ill pationt? in 
roiwi'i'Tion \\\\\\ tliip fiirililyf 

l!>i?l;r l(^ L^rJ llif (hl1:l OU l)}-- J^-^r iHh'. I Mill n-Mil Vmi |)ir litiuik. 

S('iw!r»r SniTAKiuyji. fi'» iiln-jui. 
AifiHMul IVhvki:. yKlMLLTor, 
Sf»;*f<ir Sin^'»:rKmt. <'mm vim \\-\\ 
r1ii"-ilii-J { 

AOiJiiJvi] Ti i;m:i!. 1 rli>ii'i \\^^y^^ , A\\i\ \ \\>-\\\\\v fn-m \\\^' f.-i'^r llial 
wi" ih'li'Nsl ii. 11 i^ -ijU i'Ui--jti-^-K i'Ui 1 Mill .jri v,n( ifuit nii-\\i'r. ^ir. 
Senator Scimvmkkk. Thnnli vnu. Td UU to sor timr inffinimtioTi. 
IS'i" |>. 171 for iiiiir^-riiil rrfi'nvcl hi. J 

|.ri>jrri- in tljai |>niiirn)Hi \-\'\\U'\ iinolvrEl f\|K-i']nii>Tiianoi7 on tcr- 
iniiinlly illrjiriorr }iflticntf-? 

A'Jniinil liHXMi. ] nii-M\J Ww first pari f^f vour cjuoMion, sir. I an 
vcn- sorry, 

S^'hjih*!- S< invKiKrK. l>o ymi linvt* ariv itKHrjiiion thnt somo pxinxt- 
ii^'nl-' in \W fji--ility iis^'il l»^nijii):)lly ill i^xwwn- pali^-nN ji- ^uhj^^^t-? 
Von ilr> ;m kn<^\\ \\'A\z\' in yinir '^tnti-un'iu nn<l ir j.> rlnr fr^rn oUirr dotu- 
ini'TiN tJiiil Hu'**!' Mm'K f'f i"\|n^Tirni'nt^ wf^i'^- at sonir p*iinl lioin;; diint* 
sfj|iicw!i<Ti". My (|TM-tto[i i-, i^ Ui^'jf nny iuiUrjitjon tli:it i'Hn*'rr |»ntiriifs 
or frrrtiinrdh iM jMifrTM- wi^vf \'\\w\\\\\i-\\\^A with in tlii- wiii;;^ 

Ailijiirn) TrKMj\ Ye-, il ihn> np|>.'jir lliriv i.-; » rouji^riion l»rr»-. ^^ir. 

SetniiDr Si Hwrntni. Thi- olhcr qm^Hioii ] IkhI i*'I:H*>- U\ \\\\> iJr- 
vv^Jnj.iuriii nf xHiH-fliii];! vvlurli \\\%^ \w^\\ rallinl \\\k^ ]n^rfi'r| roncu^siou. 
A Mi'ii'^ of »A)M'riTu*'TiN tounnl fluit v\\\\ wrir ili**'rilh'*l in tlic CIA 
iJ^i'iiriM-n'-, 1 uomlrr if voir Wfnild \\\?x wW w^ \\\y.\\ yoijj iiii(i{'i>tnmlin;: 
of jHrfiTi rojiru^tiion J-=. 

Ailniirnl TiiiNhii. I-^ thnt in iijy toMimojiy, Fir. or in soinn other 
(I'H'nuM'ui ^ 

SiMjifoi S. ir^vKiKiJi. SuK|wojr*'f ;»-J, MKrLTRA. winch invohof* 
r\:njMij:niiiri of iiv}iiir'|Hr* tu rjm--** hr:riti '■nn!w^'i<)n'' \\\\<\ wnwwi'Wx h\ 
11-in^' n-rjipr)ri< or jioinnl wnvf'p U\ lifrik*' in^ivi*bi.'>l<^ ^^'itl^o^^t pninp 
wnrinjj;; \\\m\ witJiom Waving' any oh^ir physirnl infirk-^. Sninpom^ 
fhihlh'ii il "prfrr'i iiiTiiU'-'-iiHi" — iiiayU' t?in! wns |HK*iii' lin'tiM- on the 
pfirt nf riiir ^tjiff riilher thnii your jiocfs ov*'r theri*. \ vnn<Jpr if j'on 
oouM jn-t tr]l w^ vc\\\\X hrain roiiru"i'>ion expfrirreTit?- v^i'xc^ nhorjf \ 

\*\n\\r\\y TiKWi?, TIwt^ ;»^]prK No. M, wa- rm**fl.-it. ami novnr 
rjirrii'il oin. 

Si'iuMor S'liwKiKrii- "WrlL ] Ho l»e^i(Me Jhr firM yenr of iho urojorl 
in JfC". \\\\^ rjn rri'il oul hy ihe Oftii f of \rtv:il Ki-M-nnh, inTonlin;: to 
the informal ioTi ih:u yon >it)>|i1in1 uF-TlieClA so<»!n- to itH\ e hren jmr- 
li*ip;ilMi^' in j-o»n*' \\\\\ »1 lii:ii |>i*int, Jh-i'an^c lh'' n-roMl- co on ti> >ny 
thfji thi' e\)N-i-in)etiii'r nl (INH fom)il oni nl>oni CIAV roh'. dis^-overed 
\\\wi il \\iis :i <"nvi-i\ mill then tlie projri-t ^v!^s trnn-fenv^l to 
^IK^I.TI^\ \\\ V.K^\\. .\s:iiin, this t^ nil from Ww- Uaeknj* iniilerinl you 
Iinve ;rivcn Tiv^ So, it nns onncuh»<] at -^jmc time. T fln» not i)i-»;;i'eomp 



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■Kix]t t]»aK i>Ti« Jii>]»jin^iii!y tny Of I*^n^t n year or t\vo- somt^tuxly was 
inv<->ii;!;itnj;: ihi' i»i''hJiM'no!i of I>n»iri romus>^iiiiis uilli sim^cihI black- 
jnrl^-, Miinni \\jivr.>, j\m\ o\h^v nn'iln"U aa drlailnl in tlic backup 

Aihiiinil TvitXKK. Tin- <lnfii Rvniljihlc to tuc is tliat this projprt waf> 
iifVM fiimlrd hy th('<~lA.hM( I will d iubl''-rln'ck that and furnisli the 
ijif'irmjnlfih for the n'coid f^r yon us tf» whetluT thMv was ever any 
counn^tinn horc and if ^a what the not^n-of the work wa??- 

[Til"' luntn iai referred to fon<nv> :] 

Mr. I^iiliiiic^r pomvted his tTOflmon.r r^cnrdinc Ruhprojw^t M ilitrlnp \h^ 

-M !■ T-AiBJNi.FR. '>n limjf-ri W. Jt has pot a ratt^ stensalioBaJ projiosal in tlierp, 
In iiTii^s of ihv ^<*rk that tb^j pr*>i*i»H*" to do. and y"" n'^kod atmut (bf |itv(>os^1 
nua I vjilil. iu fac, ir itas n*'*<'r firr^flwl oi^lf^r MKlKTHA N-m, J ovrrlcK>kril— at 
lt^.1^1. niy Hn'iNorj' did »ni serve jiie mrrwll^- wlirn T wui thnnich that flli- fold<*r 
io srt- i.iK* iiieiiK^nniduui daii^l .Irtaunrv lo. IIKW. whirh makes i( ignite clear n*: a 
iimii^r or fact, that tliat proposal wqs baaed uit prior irork tbai uas funded hy 
thf .\peiM'3\ 

Si'imtnr SiiiwKiKEii. By whttl? 

Mt. 1,A^BI^M:^ By the CIA, So, that Infonnntlon wtt in their file Wder. It 
did n"i hiipi->h tf* }>#■ in Djy head wh»*ii 1 fe*tifi«l. 

Sfu:Li<ir Si n^^KiKEK I ibiiik 1 inifht havf rend jou that, and that ta whj I 
ar*;iie.l iif ih*» fUi.t- with ,v<m, I>^caiis4> 1 Think I had Jh frout of me. an I rec;jll, 
siHrii- )}}f1icaiiriM rl;aT it wav fiind'-il (here, 1 did read ihal to you. So, ^u did 
>iU]t]ily it l<i n^ lliiTf^ \-i 111! arpuiiiohl nlxiur Ihal Infonitilfimi. 

-Mr I.Ai Br^<;^:K. iVrbnp* 1 ant ^nrt f>r headsrr'^n;:. mypelf, oi»d in my own t^^h . 
I arij rt-:ii]]j>c inxler Tht- VT.TKA projtH'L thai if il hnd l>^rn fmidetl under 
llJItA. ji wimld hflvp IkhI fi jiroj»-ct niimlx^ and Ideiitifivd os «uch. The rhiuc 
rhnf Thn-H ini* vh^ Ihnr \1 wa-- fnjide<l. iijifuireiin> , onisidc of atij MKn.TIlA 
jiriiviTy nnil ii wm undrr the nrtrmal rnnfrartinp jirrire^s, *i that it wns nnt 
Lur|iiJ<-<i in MKVJ^TKA as any \sork clune iin-h^r ihnf fntidjiii: nnilirelta. 

Tilt' lilt' fipM^r thai yttit haw atrd I htt^v. n^ilji Ji^rp. niakiw jf r|Mli»' rlrar, 
hri\M"»rr. Uijit a yi'urs work was d*»ne thrinifth navy fimrtinir— s navy funOint" 
niiih-iiii'-ni — nil which tin* proiHiK,-!! wns iKi-'i'd tha( ulttmniely ramp inro fh<- 
MKri/ntA itnit'PUJii. That iu4v>nd pro|-»*aI vras nevrr fimd/»rt. So, there mi^ 
i-i>nflirj nnd 1. ii*r'«onalIy, 1 think, intrndnewl a litlle hit of confintirin in that in 
liiy Tf^liinmiy. 

s**na(-»p s* imv*jk#:r. Weil, do yon npree or nor wrree xrllh IWD'p Btfll«tieDi 
ht'n- rhni evrn TJiioijrh fh*» initial r^indiu^- was navy. i\ was really a conduil for 
(he I'lA? 

Mr Lai ^tM3fji. I think that Ik rorreot. 

Sfn-itni- SrirvKiKFit. Ye^; I wmdd np|m'rin*e t}int, I would lik*' tn 
kiFou ht>w if ^^rllt ti^ttu ON H to CIA nftrin yej*t. S>tnrli*Hlv min\r ii 
ilrii-i'Tij li» itijiki' tluit Iriui-fn-. nuA to liud^x tlii- :in MKfLTKA "-oli- 
ii'-'K Tfirn- h;ii\ to !«■ soiiir 'H*iri of rrvN-w tliaf h'd t<i ji drii.-ion to 
'vmlinm- t)i!(t kiti.l <*{ roini^-sicin — ittin) hkj.kotiL iii:L\liiitNM atiitn^j^ifi. 

mill whatovor iOh' it was ycn^ w<'iv liiffU'>rrd in— ^^tiidv ntid t<**iiij;;. 
^ft■, L\i mN*ii:fi. Sniiitiir. if 1 ntuy try tf" ^iiy ji ivw won]'- on thai, 

till* f\}f^ ihut won- avfiil;iliU' to os iov iii-i»oi'ii<iiK which niv lin^itcd. 
lliiliriHi^d thill ihm' \\n> w \moy-k-X tioiu^ rsirrioil on hy t!u* N;»vv !iin it^;: 
1o df» wild I he ellVrly; of hr;nii roiu'Ux-ioti. Tiic (*IA dcv('lii|n'd :ui irUi'V- 
rsl in llwt. niuf j-onsi<?4*f-i-.| f|j>idn»:! il. hni nmiidly never iluh and n- 
tin-jidnntid n-tilu-ij. iho MHTLTKA i> ineivh .1 fiindin;: iiivih:ini-ui- 
a id;ii-i* thoy ^<» for njoi>ry In do ^lU'li thin;,";, hnt lin'iv t- im e\ iilencp 
thil 1 JiJiww of tiiat t]iat projni wjis evrr fnndeih 



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S<>ii:Mni Si'invi iKKir. ^\t*^\. I niti onnfii^^.h l^omii'^o how a;riiin is nti- 
otluT .[Mr^h- fpuni !i iW>»'MiMriil tliiU %vi- hiWi' sc^TK wluili von lijnc re- 
Irrt-i'il \ -Tiiii-Jii'il ti» MJ*: 

r.il|.»^viMi; i-^ 111*' rpcliiii'-nl prc>pn»ss mode umhr rbP nirrent [dt-Medl rontrQCl : 

ini >ij"-rinlin-.l iiivtniTnpnrntiiPii nut} uu ri^ijv l.-s^tirr f^liiilni)-'^ "nve l*eD 

d.-^*'lMiio.l 1.1 <.Mnin tlii- .J^^^Itph! d}uamic- ilafn : ^^l i'..risi.l,Tftl.lv dntji hn^ now 

U'» l-Tvli ;.r> i..-.rI.T:Jli Im-sh..ltl liniii b^i- l-^u f»l'l"i'i"i f^r a flJuU-fiUed 

Ii .',H- ,.i, I.I inlk .il-tiii a l>Ui-l fnnp.- an,l n -..MM.-wiuar.-frM.t l.il.t.r^- 
loi V, -Uu- li.-u I.I n..t.-> lli;.i ■■'lliivi- Dust ti»t ^n<-s iii>t- lK-i|n nm 

i.i.k -ii ill" II 1. it'll ["'Ilk iini'ii.i f"!' V will. 11 li.w mill vmfi.'^- i.i;<-->iii-c 

1 .i;:i.M> tin- riTonl- ni-c iivon-Ui-ivr n*^ to tlf rt-uH- of U.i- wnrk. 
l.iii iririliiiiilv M-riii- lliiit !-miii' li'^tiii^' tt-n- duiu'. 

Mr l.^rl>^^;.■|■.l:. S.'.i.iu.r. voii mv piittinj; ii> m tl.<- sfiim- )>o?ition 
I lliiiik villi «.-i.-stniiiit.'tliat Villi wrie in earlier in refovrin;: to tlocu- 
iiiri.t- iml lK.f<.n. u^. l.iit 1 briicv.- voii an- .i.iolinp froiii a proiwfeal 
ilni -a.i.ii-oTi.. S.-111 to llic Apcii'v t'. fiiii.I tl.H wtiik. Blul !..■ IS refci rni2 
t„ i.n-t «<.ik. 'Hi.' pa-t «.ivk "-...iM iii.vo piiroi.ii.a'sc.l n lot of ttun;:- 
lik.lhai.l.m CIA wa, ii.it iiiv.ilve.lwillithat 

S....al.ir S, nwniK.i!. AVl.iil .lo v-.u m<-ni.. Admiral, on ]>a-r Oof >oin 
li.-tiii..i(iy wh»-n y.ii. ]i.eiitinn projerts \mu}z inopcians art? How (to 

iiiii"iiini'i- L'.'t illl" tlicBl'iiok I'"'-!'"'"'-' , ,.1-1 

Vi..iral Tn:N...^ ] l.avr interi-n-t*-.! this HS to liow 10 slip the mickey 

i„i'.. tl,.. fii.ri. !mi 1 w.iiiM like 1.1 n^k ii.v mlvi-ri-^ ln-rc t<. roiiimciU. 
M, Il,",.v. 1 ih.i.U that i^ ..wmially it. Senator, ll ..- M.rrcptitioii. 

,l,c,,;„i ^t.„,i'..ii..-s annitioi, villi.- yon a.v .lo.iij: -..n.-tlimc els., ns 

,„,ii.rt il.vi.h ..J « itl, the .t.l.ly of ]...« ,l>a-.nal,^ aiul ' 'V\"-;TnZ,. 

L.rL|,,.-,.u.iiii,iii..i1.-ii.f..ii m,.I.Mm..ni,..ll..ryitlio''t,ha\nipotl|.i 

„,„,,1,' km." it. Tin- i^ H" tyi>.- -if tliuif.' that ^va- nnoh^.i. sir. 
-;l.i„ii.ii S.iiw(:i..v.i;.'lhaiik>.iii.Mi.( haini.an. 

S-iini.irlN..i VI-.. S.'iial..rll'i.hll.'-l'>ii; . 
^.ini..i-llri.i.i.^i'.v.Tliaiik\oi;.Mi.( liainiian. 

V II I .1 ii v.iiM .L.-ki..;: 111.-.- i..-vvh .li.cov.-i^.l d,«'..nu.nt- nm 

i,.,.. i! ;;.",. i.i.ilKi- of Ih;<-1A ..mi. .I.a voi. im-l n.f..nuanon tl.a 

;.i,,v .-..iiiiTiiiti ....t....i..>i.i '''-''vv'^'^'r:'v;..:noi of 

of i-.\p*'iiiin"mniioii? 




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A(l(nir;il TiKVEn. Yes ; I think tln-iT is. I hnve nof Mvn in Ihis series 
of ilcHiiiiHriUitiiJij evjilrirrc nf *^e^i^' Jo kilK but 1 think tlie project 
fiinK-,1 ii^ rJjantHrr fn>j»> n (h'fon-ivc lo nn offrnsii'<> oix^ as it went 
alon<;. mu] fjjvit* (rrtftinly wa^ lui intriiijon hi^n* todrvplop drupsthat 

Srii:iiin' UnuJi.itsTitN". Tlio }M'nji"Ct cimlinm^il for &oinf time after it 
"v^^ Ii":trrn'cl fji.it. in fart. fon*ip» |Htvvei> ditl not have ^uoh a drup as 
" jiji ni fii>t finri'f], <]i*]trt it ? 

ArfjiiiiiilTi'HNKR. Tlint isniy nnilpi^tandin^, Yefi. sir, 

Si'jiahM' Tfii^ni.FSTi'X, Ta tht^re nnv imlirntion thai knowlpd^je c^iTi^^d 
a^ a rrsnlt of tlnso exix^riiiiPiifP has be*'n useful or is beinp ajjplied in 
nnv wnv tct jiu**t'nT oi>c*rations? 

Mi\Ilii'»nv, S<>ri.Tf"r. 1 anniot surr if thnrp is any l>0(!y of knowledpr. 
A pn-iit ih'jil of whnt thorp \va>., 1 pailipr, was lU-^lJoved in 197:1. I 
wo)ili| lik<*lfidi"fi'rtoFrnnklioiP. Dovoiiknntt of any? 

Ml: )-AiiiiV(=EB, I know of nodnicrs or anytliin;! like that developed 
wnd'j- (J(is piojzTMti thixt ever rparh»'d I'peraiiniial usp or arr in use 
lodav. 

Senator HiT»nLT:sToN, So appareiitly any information that v^as 
pathpred wns n]>pnrpntly iis<*Ipss and not worth continuing, not worth 
fiutlierih'vetopnient on tlip part of the Affpnov- 

Mr. L.\i'nT\fiETi. 1 am iMviu^ditfKijlry lira riu£rvnur questions. 

SpnatoI'III'I>rn,^>To^^ 1 ran hnrdly hparnnsolf. 

AdnornlTiRNFii. I think the answer to vonr question i« that we have 
nn pvidencp of proat nsefnhn's- on this, and yet I llunk we should 
renipmlK-r 

Senator 1 1 TT>nLF<Tov.lVelh is it amirate tosny tljat this experimen- 
tation pnwhired few uM^ful rpsiilis or hal litllr application at all to the 
oiiprnlioniicif till' A;:pucv or anyiwidy oIr' n^ far as \ve know? 

AdrnrnT Tihnfh, I tliink tluit i^ ha-ir»aHv correct. At the »tame time. 
T ironld point oni that w** had two riA pri^^onorc in China and one in 
the Soviet Vnkm at tlii^ tinn-. and we were conrerned as to what kinds 
of thinp- niipljt 1h» done to them, l>nt I am not sayinp that 

Sennl«»r Hrimi.KSToN. Havr you dctoiird any sipn thnt anv other na- 
tion is eontiimiup or h-.t'^ in ihf pa-f condnrtcd ex|>erinient?i similar to 
thisor\vitlMi?^innhtro)>jertivp? 

Admiral Tibxf-h. 1 am not prepared to answer that one off the top 
of mvhpad. ht. luii I will ^jet it toyou. 
IThc uifttpriiil nfernd to follows:] 

We niaifU.TiTj )■'> flip* nf iir-fo-dntp >nf<*rmrtrif*n nn the tesliiu: of drupi* io 
fnri'it'i i-^uniri*"" S^nnr Tpnr>j iip^^ Wc oerfl!':i"nntly fimilrl review ttir^lp^i re?-earf"h 
on /tiFiiP»iM|ji> uiu\ |jhrifNm*-Pi»tiraW in mimrt-iiiin wltli imiKUc lifulili nrnl i-ivil 
Oefi'iiM' i^^%<">irbHri(*.. Fcir a ft-ys- years ln-citjiiinc in \i*^*.' «>■ nitsesstHi forerpj 
fp'H'jirrli 1*11 LSI* tniiirr I'Fnjwt ARTirilOKK l*H'nuTi^ of ennreni tbai Mich 
rtriiL"' mitfliJ Ih" *'mi»I'»>>fl ffaiTi*Jl Acp'^v antl nrher V.R fierwnnH. l»tf*>rcnflti'*n 
rt»Iniivt* ift thi"i w r»rk hji*^ already |<wu i»pnvii!M if> reieTjint CotnmHfeen. In this 
fur]} xi<>rk wp aN" nn'nsjftMrtUy l.iok<wJ ni forr'isni hmnnh eip^riJiienfflUoji ; w** 
liihk: ncn Mimiii:UiHT i-«r li'ilitiiii:* oh This smi.iwi And no roilertlon miiilrpmenr?^ 
ftrr iit'r ImJirer j*rrvpil. A** 001*11 ij»»'r j»jfer#»»;i jji Ibi'' nreji linx dni|>)w*i1 off 
and hiijUor i*riiiriiv nrrn*^ need ntrenti'-ii, ap hnif ^irninlly nn |irpi*eiiT eorera^e 
\vi)h riiP- pns^ii!.!.' esrp|»tion of oji oci-n^ji-piinl M-niiiiiiic nf Uio nternlurr for a 
M^^ciflr vr"LT:iru Tn tlie J-e^r nf nnr krmwlwlffp nn othpr unit Jo th*' InteUteenre 
i'ojnnnnih> ip irnckitij: ihis subjoPi now 



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Srn,ifc»T Ihn>i>LKST*>N. You Hon't know Mljetlicr any of vour a^ntfi 
Hiivi\|jciv in \\w \\kn\K\ have bent ^^iihiivtc^l to aiiv kind ik mocedurc 
likcthi>? ■ ' 

Adijuviil TntNKR. AVo rrrtainly know of othfT powers tonducling 
***-p;irrh ill llicsf .-ii'^^ns, vos. 

Si-nntoi JlriinhKsTnN. I)o yoi* kno^v liow Hjovpo about that rescnrrh? 

Adiniral Tt rnfr. It is pfetly skHchy, the information we have, 

Sna^or UnHii.Ksn.N-. Do yon krifiw of any other orfzftnization in this 
ronniiy or »ny institution \\\aX has PondnVted r.\ton<iive research on 
unwittiii;: individuals «nd through unwitting; instiintion''? 

Adniinil Trn\rK. AVeJI, I have read fonietldn^ in the newspapers 
nlninJ ihi-. hut 1 hrne not faniiliari^-ed myself ^lith it in ?pe<'ificfi. 

Senator Hrni>i.»>ni\. Ii is not a normal mode of operation for hu- 
man rescMTvh. i^^ it? 

Admiral Tirxkr. Xo. sin 

Sennlor Hrinii.»>T<'V. Thank you. Mr, Chairmnn. 

Si-natnr Jvovn-:. Seuntor Wnllop? 

SrjinJoF W.u.vr. Mr, rhairmaiL I only have one to follow up on 
Senator- HuddlesionV qne.Ktiojjs and my ea'rlirr one>. Von are not refill v 
snyiu;:. nn^ von, Aduiiral Tinner, thnt theiv ai-e no mind-nlterinp 
din;:< oj- l»ehavior nindifiration procednres wliirh have been used by 

f'"hi;jn pnwoT'*;? 

Admir:»l Tnis'F.Tt. N'o, sir. 1 am not, 

Sennfor AVatt/ip. T drew that inference pnrtly in nncwer to my f]uej^- 
tinn that you knew of no (rutlj serum. ^Inyl>p that j- a misnomer, but 
*;nrt'ly Www nrr Tvlaxmit-^ thiU muke ton^Mn> ]ofl^^^ tlian lliey would 
othorwise Ik-. Tsii't that true? 

.Xdinir.il TrHN'VJi. Ye^. 

Si-nator AVxru^r. S<i 1 think it ip fair to &ay. too, that the experienr^e 
of iiifiny An»erir-nn piisonei-5: of war in (lie Kotvnn conflict wonld 
indii-ate that there are l)ehavior modifiefltion pnteedure:^ in use by 
foniini powers of a fnirly advanced de;rree of so]dustieation. 

Achnirnl Tttinfk. Yes.sir. 

Si^rjato) ■\VAi.j,r»r. Affain. T will jnsf po back and say I thiuk this 
mu-^t hnve l»een pjirl of the motivation. T don't think yon wonld have 
nnniioiu'd Canlinal Mind-/entv hnd yon (linu^rht hi> liehavior was 
nonnal «t thf' time or had anyl>ody else. So, I would juM acain N»y 
T think it is n little bit peft]x^;:oatiinr, I don't think the object of this 
heiniuq is in nnv way to Iny hlnine on (ho^ pn^^ed or tho?^ desd or 
oth'Twi-r. )iut T think it i-^ a Httlr hit sraj>riroatitifr to sav thV '* 
st'j|ip,'d with the dii'ertors of the CIA or the DCT's of the time. AIw> 
I think it i^; a IWtle hit senpe^ontinp to say they didn't even know it. 
hnt thnt it was some lower erhelon netinc alone. 

T think thi< wa* n l>ehnvicir i>nltern that was prevalent in those 
ypjn-v, and I think the ohieet le--ou is t?ial we linve diseovi^red- we 
think an'1 we hojK*. thronLdi ycww a^.i^uran'^e't find other arfivities of 
thi' Conirnss. nieans of nvojilin;: fntnre ineidents of tliat kind. T thank 
yon^Ntr. riiainnnu. 

Senator 7\nrTK. .Senator ThHfee? 

SemitnrCnAKKr. Koqnrstions, 

Senator Imh yk. Senator Kennedy. 1 think yon liave another 
Question. 



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Spn;i''*v KvNMJo. oh\<{ \\i}U\))iz iil>oiiT fill" Iwii snfr houses on tlio 
rn>l itiul \\f>i r i*ji-i ji- U'jn:: Hk' ^*nii'<'^ fur- llu' mh wilt in;: lnal?», non\ 
\}\s- iiitj-'nUiJin' of i)ij» iui'i f lir i'ijit'i*]'>J*ii' of ii. I (Jjiiik. is of sipuifi- 
cjiiriT. lN''jnt>r wi- lijm- htm fi'fuii wiiir ri'<*)r«U iJjsrl lln»^<' were usotj 
ovrr II iH'rinif uf ^ 111' 'J vi'iijs, ;jni) iJ»t' iniJiiln-r- roiil<( liiivp bf'Pi) ron- 
>itli'P:*l»U\ ^ (1(1 ru'i' nTii*lili' i*t (U-u-iiu\tii\ )tt Kiisr in vonr <iwri rrspanh. 

wcrr JTnoUi'il, JftiE il c oiilil liii\f In^n ronvivit-raMi- diniji^ th}^ |f**riu<l 

of llMlr, 

ll \vrMi}<l rriliiinlv aj"j»f:n' lo tin- in exiniiiniiij: th*' (]rt<'iunrn*i' an<\ 
Tlii' ffiiw fl^jH'Ts uf ni*ii ,^li|>- iJirii wi'ii' r\p'ihlf<l in !|ifs<' Afi^sis tliaT it 
\\:i-' consi^lMjjljIi'. hiEi ticii i^ II jiii[;rnn'mril in<Uir on it, bn( T fJiink 
il j- iiji|nni:in* til fiv :in<l tiji*] oni \\jiin ijn- A^'i'Jjry i> atl*'tj»|iTinii to 
il(Mit;ri'r fo ilic \Kt\uni\ <if il. 

Nu\s, (In- itiinripjfl ii^'i'ijt tJiai whs invo^M-il a*. I uiulprstai)'] it is 
*]rr*-n^*-[l ;ni(l hii^ ii^ri il<-ii'iiMsI for- J \i.'M>. The overall a^.'^ni. Mr. 
iiuitliili. ]i:j* iniLii:iti».| ;i fu/^^^y |j»vjiin>y jtlxiTif iJiis wijolo an-a. Up 
hii- fi-Trfif'J td'foTi' fill- InTrUi^j.Miv ("iHiirdilU'O. \ot lie wasi n-spon- 
sil.]. fcii lii.^ wiK»U' pii»::Kini. J'jicn, i}ie J*iri(lo»- Juid iiHliralml thr 
<[e.-rrn'-iifirf "f tin- vatinns maU'riiiU oml uiifaiiiiliai'ity with the 
pmii'ii. 

Nn«\yoJi iTjni" iinlriat*-Ll in youi'U'i-tiiuoTiy to<h»y that Miere are two 
ijiMiiiiitj.n a^^^ni> on \>;\-:v U of your irr-liinony. yon inrticate*! theif 
tiif r\\.. inliJii niun\ i\'^K ni" wliit'li \o!i linvt' nnmv<T<'il at tbr boMom of 
il. -Aitil yoM >;iy. tin- i»:ini*'* i»f (*I.\ offii iiil<. wlio ii)*]frnv('(l or nioiniorec! 
tlir viii'iiin- jiMijcir-, \<,u Mik jiltout I 111- iwu ad<iitic.niil agents in your- 
Iprvi in^onv. 

\(iw\ 1 uni JM-T xAojiilfrin;: if y^m inteju? to inter-view those a^renfs 
lo fniil out r\;irll\ \v|i:n i- U'liii: i^onr. I sniiposi. HrM of alL slkf>ii1dii't 
till- prujrc-r iiiifiiairrr knou \x\uit wiisIm ifi;»<lorie f 

A'liJiirjil 'l\ y.sY.i:. Onr tit-i prol-Ii^nj, S'?inior. i- tlinl wr hiive been 
njuiblr u> -A^^i'tuif an ini1i\iilii;il willi iIiom' names at this |K>int, We 
arr -till [>nrio\viji;: In tiihl '>»»! h )jo ilii>*- |H*opli' alt*, We haven't idenli- 
Hr<l llu-ni :i- havifi;; U^cn <'l A einj>7*»y*v>. an^l wo 'livn't know ^rhether 
lin^x' wrre fnl.'ir ninoi'-, 

-S'liJiior IvrNMov. Vou itn' !ni. kin*: that d"wii. n= 1 understand it? 
A'huinil Tih\i:j:, ^"i*>. sir. 

Senaror K>:nmi>v. Yon an- tnn-kini' that down, and yon Jiave every 
intontimi of ijMt^rs i»"\vin^ t)iiw jwoplo lo find on! whatever yon ean 

nl»ont til"' |iri>irrarti and |»roii"*t t 

A*tnoT;il ']'i ij\n;. M_\ onl^ hi-^itarion heie is wht^lht-r 1 will do thi^ 
orlJU'-'uMii-e 1 k»|nirtnn'rii, 

Sc'inilor' Iw.wiJiT. ll win U- piirsit>'d, thon;rh, 1 understand? 
Adniiral '\\ iism:. Vi-^. *jr. 

SpTiaUir ]vi:NNt;nv. Kithvr thron*:li tlir Ap-nry or thTon^h the Jns- 
tiiT l>*'j>HnlJiieTjr t 

Admiral Tiknkk, [Nod- in tln^ nflirinativr.] 

Senaior Kvvnkhv. K it phnrsihU' that tl^e <liiv'>tor of the projiram 
would not inidi'rslnnd or kno^^ ah<.nt the detail- of thr proprani? 
Is il plnn^ihh' that I*i'. fionhi'h wonhl iK»t under^laiid the fnM ranjiP 
of aetintiesin those ]>ar1indar safr hounds? 




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A.I.iiinil Ti »M:ii, l>'t i.ir -i.v il is -ulik.lv. 1 (I....-t knt.w Mr. G-rtt- 

'"kiuit.n- KrvvKi.v. Hii> ..iL>U"ly in tl» Af."!.' y lulked will. Mr. 

Goltliili<"liini"iiI iilwiiii llii-r 

Ail.i.inil Tikn™. Not Mii.i' ilii- ivv.li.iu-.i l,u_. -■oim- o>il. 
Srti;.i..rKr.NM:m-. N"t -in. ,■ ihi- iwrl:.! ion M\ .-11. «liy nol f 
Avn.inilTiHNt:ii. lIi'liii-tffKmi nii|>I..y.S.imtor. 

S.-)mror Kk>nk.i.y. 1 )<«-^ tluil nuun ll.i.t imyl«..ly «l.o Irnvos is. you 



ij> 



, / 



fcniiw.iinfii'tl fin tifct 11 

S^n.iK.r KrvNKi.T. ■\Vi.v v-nl-lt.-l ymi fi.lk with lum nn.l fin.l o« t . 

y.m Inv.. ,-■« inf.Miu.ti,.., nl.n.it ilu^ ,.r.;t"-^'>". It ''^ Vt","!!""!-!^! 
of cn-i.liTi.M.- inKTvM l-.di !•> <.iir .-..ni.i.ilt-f ..«"1 I" H"' Intvlli^'emc 

\d.niti.l T. KVKM. ■VVrll. .ij::.i.i. ] t!.n>k tlM- iw.r I^ --ihethcv this 
>iin„l.l Ih. .1...,,. l.v il»- .1.1^1 i<-.. Ih.i,iu1i.,n,l ..lourx-lYs. 

All.nin-v Cfiu'Viil lii'll 'iiiri iij;n'«-- 

S,-im)... KrNNM.v [■m.tiiinin-l. On wl,o .m^rl.t In ^"/^ 

RS to how t.. t-n. 7 l>:n-. in .-mn-Hinn ^^,tl■ tryn.jr to fiml .11 of tl.es^. 
An...H.:M.s ... otlKT. «!,o wrr.. m.u itM,.t:ly t...t.-<I I I'"- ';""^^.;,'^"- 
.i,l..,:>l,l.. .■..„..■.„ RUn.t tl„. CIA n.nmnj: .mmM.Hln^ cmut.A int.^r- 
vi.win^r ...Hi in..Tr..r"i"L' l-l'l'-. I--'"- 1 ,"?<"" ""'" ''^ *-"'" "'^^ 
iiiipr.-i..n lluit «.■ .1TV a.»iiiL' rt"n..-ti.- inL-llit"-""';- . 

S..n....r K.xNvnY. I nn> i.,-. t.lkir,;: al«iul on... in th.. '-"^^-^ Tlmt 

fin<I ont xvli.^iln..- i...v.,n.. «itl>in tl,. Auw.ry sunr vo.i I.a\.' had th s 
n|.« ,nnt,..inl I,... M.lk.-.l to (int.Ii.-l, .in,.- U'T:.. «.»i if <h.> nn-«*T .« 

\ Innral Tvunkk. Ti»- ivn-o., h. «:.- not uit..rv..-«^d in ^^ ""-I'"" 

with ' iW:. l....n.,- wu^ that h.. I.n.l l.-f. th^ r.-'P "v ^f 'l'" *^I-^ 

r.j —■.■«:,- . ..n.....n, ..n tl... p:i.l -f .h,- A,'..n<-y tl,«. .t "-"'f "ri-ar 

oil,,. inv...ti;:Mor- tl,.! lU. CIA «=.< in s..n„. «ny try.nj.' to .nfi,.n«^ 

,i, nn.l inflm-.i.... hi- t<-stin...nv l-fnir tin- ..o.nmittc.-. If tlipso 

'^ ni' w ;., oM.v....n. .- -'■■':' '"•^''vv*-;-;'';.^; 

Gotlli. I. nii.l -.-M if he '■•■in niic. H ..nylliiui: lu-ir in tins n^^^ mlnr 

n." i' .''.'..!. 1 .i.m-. think th.-.v is ,. h n. t n- ...;« mfofn,nt.on_ 

h.,t h.. ...n .ul.l In il- n|.l«.Ms] I.. «ha! "a- avi.il.l.l.. n. 1ft.. ■- 
i . 1 K s-vK,.v. W.- 1. vnn .-... A.ln.ir.l Tnrnrr. vo.. ro.ije In he 

irformfilinn W'v 'lon't Inve to 1* ron...TW<l nl>oii nnyihin^- m tl.^ 
f^i " o Nn«-. T ■Inn-t k„o«- how yon ra., p.vf ihoM- «s-unnu-Ps to 

Xn vn„ l.av...,-t ^in-r lOT.". ■'v.-., t.lk.-.l to ih. pnnni.al p.-r-on that 
w i,.- "l an:., of th.. ,..-o^na,n. ...1 Ih- n-onls wrrr .l..s».oyo| IT. .> 
;!. Un. t1.al «va- rmnnnt' ih- pioL-n-m. and tl,.- .V'-...T ha- no. 
lilkrH lohiii. «in.T tl... .li-vi-lnprni-iit of I hi- nrw in:.trrial. . . , , 
\Hn 1 T. vn: Onr onl ■ .om....-., h.-i-.. i- ih^ i.rn|n^^l.r- .nvohed. 
„,;a r\v!ll !i!L. i..lo thi< «ml wo,k with iho Ju-t... Deparfnonl on 



NORI DocID: 163357 




47 





who, if fitlirr of ns. slimiltl pot into disrus*:ion'^ wiHi Dr. Gottlieb so as 
not lo prfjiulk'c any Jppnl rigiils that iurv be involved i^crc, or to tp- 
IH-ar ij) nnv way to Iw inii>ror>c»r. 

Srti.tJoi' Kt:xxj.iiy. ■^V^■1^, do T un^lorsinnd yon havr not contacted the 
Tlij^licr jK'pjiitjjK'iif nlmnt iht- pjirlirnljir c!t^e siiico the development 
of UiP^ i^t'^v nii\lcri;il ahoiu (rottlioh? 

Aihijii;ji Trifxr.n. No! about GottlJeJv.sperificatly.'We have contacted 
him. 

Senator Kt:n\fj>v. "Well, it i^ arna^inpto mo, I mean, can you under- 
ptiiiid the difli^-nliy tlint any of ii? un^rht have in tcrn»^of roniprehcnd- 
in;: th;u wlicn you develop a whole new serie- of mnterinl^ that are on 
ihv from pn;^r of every new^pai»f r in ihf country and arc on evrrv lele- 
vi-^i<»?j, 1 ii/*Mn. thjH niHni<i s*jniPiJnn;r- I'Uf ii dne^ nnf mean nearJv as 
jnnrli n< tire iltt<'^':^t that we have in tjie fa^^t alioiit the testing of' un- 
witting .\nicntun=, and every sinph^ <h>cumont that the fitaff reviews 
Jin> yU\ fJnitliebV nniiic on i1 nnd von enmr np to tell up that wp don*t 
hjnr to wnny jun mon^ wiJmvr iSje-i' other final facts, and Mr. Gott- 
lieb hn> no! l»ccn tatkiul xo'. 

Adirnml Tikxrk, Sir. I nm noi sayinpthat the?* are in any way the 
finiil fn^'ts. T am sayinx: thew' art' ail the fa'^fs we have available/ 

Sonntor Kt^nkdy, And you have no! talked to the person who was 
in charffp of the prograiiL so w hat kind of value or what kind of weight 
cnpi wf plve Jl ? 

Adniinil TrrvFR. We are hapm to talk to him. I think'the iasne 
here apain i^ one of propriely and how to ffo abonl this. "U'e have not. 
I l>plic^e. enoiipli new information abonl Gottlieb*? panicipalion here 
to 5ipnl thai I>is interview would l>e that much more revealinp than 
wlin! wa- revealf^d in ] flTj. 

ScnaN^r Kkvnfj.v. The importiinre of if, I think- from our point 
of view. i=. he wonld know tlie dniir> that were administered, tlie vol- 
nine of dni;r-« how it was administcj-ed, and in terms of vour abililv 
to follow np to protecr thes.- people and their health, to the estenf that 
It c:in iN'donc. tlnit "pj>oniniil y i:>bcinplost. 

J want to tni on to ^lome other-, but will vou fh^r- U5 the assurance 
\h-.v ym wjlj iTiA alu.hl of (;oi!lii I> oi thiW vou will talk to Attorney 

GeuenH Jirll mi'l tiilk wjlh Gottlieb? 

Admiral Tx-b\kr. Yes, sir. 

Senator Kfxxkoy, And let us know as to the extent of if. 1 don't 
^■v how we can fufill onr n'spon^^ibilitv in tins ar^a on the dni^ lest- 
1)1- w]!hoiU our besirin^- frojii Gottlieb as well, but I think it i? im- 
porirnu ih:i! yon <U> so. pjirtir nhu'ly ?-incc all of the nialerial^ haxe 
Iweii de-^irfiyt'd. 

Thi'M'iirhrrtttOMp-ut- Jul veihevtnlkedio them? 

Adniinil Tikmi:. IVe don'i kjiow who tliev aiv. sir. We are tninp 
(otriiek ilouti a fid mm- wfirib^-r ilje^- nani"-^ cnn l*e rebvUed toanvliodv, 

.Siiatiir Kk\>kj.v. That i-> underactive Jnve^iiipjuion bv tin- Ajrencv* 

.\dmiral'J"ii:\Ki:, Ye^.sir. 

Seiinfor Kk.NSKov. And von biivi' the intention of talkinp lo those 
IM'i^l.le when von bk'it!elhcm.T<thHl ron-ect ^ 

Ailnnnd TrirxFu, Y^^, ^ir, nndrr the >ame circumstances a.* Gottlieb. 

.Senator KKNVTr-v. .\nd vou hint' people working on it ? 

Atliiiirul Ti'K.\r-i:. Ye^, sir. 



MORI DocID: 163357 




'■ 




Ti*tttyi]- fliJit roii^^^n-NH ioii was 



4S 

S*Ti:»tf>t KiNVKnv. Wirl) re;:iinU Ut tlio nftivilir*- fhnt (ook plrirp in 
thos' -!tf*' IiiiU'^i':-. 11- 1 iMiilcj-sl:niil fmiii till" irionl-, (wo-wny iiurrors 

A'lii>ir:il 'l'ri;\M(, \v>, sir. Wv Ii;ivi 
dour In put iii(w''*'Av;i\ niintir-, 

SriiiH")' Kjnx?:i'Y. Alul tln'V wvn- 

Aiidjirjil TviiSKir. ] U'lirM^ iImiI was in flic (*]nnvli ivi-onh bnt I 

Si»!in(oi Ki \Nj:itY. Ami nillie^r i-IalioraTi' ilrroiatioiis w^u^ n<lili<L H9> 
I uTiilir^hnnK lit li'ti-t, to tlir <irii- in Sjhi Kiaiiri^i'u. in iIh- In'^liiWinK 
wliJF'li air Kn'n-h 'an'Ciiii ilan-rir, flora] pirtun-. <lra|K'i >\ iiulinlin^r 
iu^!alla»iiin of Ij('<1j*h>]|| ]niiioi>. f Inei' frarm-d ToiiIoum' Lauth'i' prjsl' 
pp^ with Mark silk TiiaU, nml n luinihi'v of otlur — rcil l«"tliirt»]ii riir- 
tains ;niil ri'inrilin;:' er[ijipi»n'iii. iU)il tliPti a S4'rirs nf <l'if-iiriii'Ti1'- "liioJi 
\\-*-if pni\ulfil tn tin- lonntiitlri' wMrli imlicati' .i wjclc prolifi^'ialioTi 
of iliff'ii^nl ra-li for ?1(H1. ;ritu'iiillv in iIk' ^K^i ranp- over any |irrjn*l 
of I inn* (Hi tlir pail iniljir *"lirt'k-i. ¥,\ni ^h^■ iinrnrt nir Mookr*! onl. ns 
fi> tin- ]K'i-uii wlm i> rpfciviTiir it. i'a';}] for unilt'n-ovi-T n;:pnt-, njiojnt- 
in;: r^\pi'ii-o,->. <!riiik^. oiil^'ilnininrnt wliilr n'lniini-(<»riii;:. ntu\ tlirn it 
is ila-liod nut. and tln'n tlir orlirv ilfwinin-nU. tlijil wniild ?nff;:i'Ft- nt 
Ira^t wjlli tin' si^rnnnin* of vonr prinrijial Ht'*'nl oiH ^]n'^^^ thnf — 
"cijUrd l<i til'' opprai ion. niiilni^rht. and diroax/^ 

\V]ia( t:ni vnii (i'!l n* lli:ji ii )ni;r]il >ii;:i:(-l (n you nl"iiit vliat ioch- 
iii'iur?! wi'ip iMin:* ii-pcl liv lh»' Al'^'iu'v in ti-i'ni'; of rt'a<'liinjr tlint sort 
of l>ro:iiM»a-i'd ir^'"i'P ^^ Anifrii Mn- tliai wrw Win;: rvidrntly riitir-od 
for fr-tin^' in trrni- of fhni:- anil ollii^fs? T>o yon draw any kind of 
fOTidnFJon aWiiM wliiit rni;:lil l^av.- U-rn jroin;: on mil llirrr in tbosp 
snf** Jioii-o= ? 

Admiral Ti knki;- No, sir. 

[d»nc*ral l:in;rhti-r.] 

Sp]i[itnr Ki nnkhy. Tfirn- i- » li;:Jif sidr to it, tint thrrr is nlsn nn 
cnorrnoncl^ ^rriiin-i >iili'. And Uiai i-iliai at Va^t flu'trc']iin*inr^ whicli 
nrr u-^i-l i/r wi-ii' nsi-d in trrni- of Ii'-IJti;:. nnd tryin;: ii* hiul ont ox- 
a^tlv Tin* ian;:i" of drii;:'- n^^i'il aiul Hn- iiiiinU'ro of pi'oplr invohrd nnd 
r\a*'lly whai thai npi^vatuMi \\:i- al->nt. as wrll a- llu^ ron-tnnt i-oitora- 
tioTi of till' n>'i' i»f *an:dl -inn- r>f <a-h ai iiri'Cnilat- inlrr^aN. A variety 
oi <|itr*'irnt fnliniiTiir^ wt-u- I'niplovi'il Iml (hrn* i^ nn awfnl lot of 
d<H-nnn*nrai ion put 1 in;: l]h*sr mail it* 1f>;^"11n'r. 

Wii.'if \oTi look at tIm' far-1 tlia' il i> a hi^Knl rnnpr pojuilation tlmt 
lia^ lHTii'l(-.n-d, tr-^'d in tln^M- twr* uri^a^. with tin- kind of c^?h sU|i- 
thtit iM'r*' ii-rd in ihi*. paynn'Tii ni**i'Tiani*nj'- and d*'r*>ralioTis nnil nil 
nf ihr n-t, wi' nw not ahk* fo pni a i^ottoin lin»' oti it but onr thinp i^ 
for snrr, and Hint i*-. Gottlich know*. That i*= onr tiling for ^iirc, ly^- 
ciwi^f hi^ nanir iipfn-ni- on jn-^t rd*oiit cvny onr of tln-r doriniont-. 
And it \-. I think, wvy iinporJaiit (o find '>ii1 ^hal lii* nndrr-taiidin;: 
if= of ill*' natnii' of ihnt. P'», W' \\ill hrar nn>t'<' nl>ont that. 

Admiral TniMi;. 1 Wlirvi- Hotilirh ha> lK»t'n irtpniowod hy th(> 
Pi^ni'vi". 

Si'nahir KixxvnT. Tlin(% riirht. In* ha-, and in rrviowinprthc rfrord, 
\t i-> lull \<-i\ >ali-fai'ioj\. and il jn-f H-cni*- with the now infom^Btiopi 



MORI DocID: 163357 





49 

ftiul llii" now dih-innrnnuirin n^^<\ tin- n*'\y momrtrandn — and he diil not 
\m\v thf <-)u'fks fll tlijjf rifiH — htuT iviUi (he witlr vnririv of diffcrx'nt 
i\ic\i\rtr-i\ii\;i \\ \\\v \n^ iuHiii tm ii, lii^ nipniorv cfHiWl bo stimulated on 
tltat, 

ThfDik vfliL 

Soimiur ix^in K. I woul*] Hkp *'» fliarik tl.o mlntiin] aivl liU ?1aff for 
pnni<'ipntiiiff ill ;i»i- iK-juinfr, ] IxOii vf Oh^ tvrorA s)ln^M s]ioiv thni this 
lif'niiJi': ^»nf lu'lrl »r Htc Ttvjiic-t nf i1k» Apnurv fihj) flir sdniirnl. It wns 
iiu» liflil iN-rnn?^ vri- Mi^ish'cl i»}>on if. It wns n voliinii-rr offorl on the 
l>nrt uf thr Air*'iirv. I tinnk lln' re<'otxl slimilii ftltn indiralp thiit Ad- 
iiiii'iU Tunifi' Ijh- f«ir\v!iiilinl lo i U'\> r-onuninf^ a rlfls->ifio<l file including 
ftU of ili<' njitrn- of tlif iiJsrjiiit;on> and Mic [wrsons invohed a^ the 

1 *honltl al-o indirijii' tJint iln^ lieannp is jn^l onp stej\ involved in 
thr rommincfV invi-**! j;r!irion of dni;: ahnsi'. Jiisf as yi'i^ have haH irnifli 
\vi>rk in jr-iir*^ ovrr ilti- hjnta pufT,... fi,(. MafTof ihi^ roniniiti','c ha^^ hnH 
i((ijiil jMcihlciii". htit 1 uoidd like- the n»'*ord to show that yon have 
mti<ir rlic^r p!*in"js nii<] ihirni\n-iit> ^tvtiWMr to the rommiriee. 1 thank 
von for ihni, 

A- jiart (if ihc on;:nin;_' inv*»M iiTiii ion, wr Imd intended to call upon 
niunx dn/rn- of oiliij>. o\|H>rimentni>, or thoH^ officials in charpe, and 
onr- of rhfi-c Will ln' 1*1. <ioltTh'l'. 

In Hirinkiiif: yon, 1 woM)i\ like to say tJiis in t]ip Amerir^n people. 
tli;it wlijTi iu- lnn<' rxp^rK'nrTcJ thi^^ n^orninfr in thi.« rommit(t*e room 
i- noT lirir^L' dMpIir;Ui-d in any otfn-rronjniilter room in any other pail 
of ifu- worhL 1 d*'nl»t likjii \vi\ nniilk (inr A;;<'nrv and onr inteliipenee 
(Mrinniifiiry |jii< Nvn nndiT hiu''h cnlii-ipni ami iia- lieen subjerted to 
nni -li \\]fu-i-. u\ iur.uy («-■'> jn.'itiiio^l. hut rlii^ i^ tJje mOft open society 
dun 1 ^:^u I In irk nf. Vfty f\:\ui\')t\ in iht'iti Jlrifjnn tlien- niT al>ouI -^ix 
piojdi' mIio n?!' ii":irr itf tlii idrnnty of iho ni:in in rlinri."' of inteili- 
;r<n'*'- In oiliri lOLMuvJi-. ^iiuilur ii-nilinon-- rxi-t. Heif in the I'nited 
Sinti--. wi' \\u\ iiu\\- know Adrniiitl Tnnu't'. we Inive liad ojvn hearinps 
wj(}i hiiii, <nih :t- i)ii-. TJrf .'onfimaMon Jif'srinp^ wrro all open. 

In » frw w«*»'kv. Uh' Smsito of flir Vnitetl States wil) debate a resohi- 
twn* f '» .h'-'idr njKkTi wiirilirr wr slionhl rli^^hi'^e the amonnts and ftind* 
i"';n;: n^-d for ■'nunw-nnivTli;;.!!!-." ;ind niiTionnl inn^Hici^mi'. I would 
lioj^c thiif in jne-i^ntiniTtliivis-uetothr pnblic, the media irilj take note 
th:M th-' Aff^p^v ^'"* f-oo|M'iiitcd and will continue to. Tlie abn=r ihni 
wr hinr hMMJid »f"nn tin-, nionnn^: is one T hope will nevor Itajipen 
i\'j:\m. bnl winhnit *'ciii.t:nJT ovor>ifflit on thr part rf the E:K<vntiv? 
Ofll.'r, on tlir piiii i^f thr Conprev^, it eonld hnppen a;?nin. It is impor- 
tanf thcri'fnrr t)t;if wi- continnf in (hi- ovor-;itrhl :ietirity. 

^n.^ury n^MJn, Adiiiir-iil. I tlnnik yon vety mnrli forjielpinff ns. T\> 
will i-onlinne lo viA) ti]ttiu yon for yoni- nsij^rnnrr. We iionld like to 
sdhnjil to yf>n .-^'Vi-ral i^ni'-lion- thai iJjr inrnd.^T^ and staff have pir- 
]v.m-'\. \Vo ho]M- yo»i will limk tfu'ni over rarefiillv and prepare re- 
sponM-i foj' fill* rerord. ^^ir. 

S^-nrtforKrwn^v. Mi\ rimirrunn ? 
S^iomtor IvoriK. V.V-, sir? 

Senntor KKv\-rp>v. I. loo. wnnt to thntd; AdnnrnI Tnrner for his 

i-p^pnTisivrtiO". T l^av.' hrnT niri'dnir- with him in tho rommifteps and 

nlMi i-oiiversn(ions. tele]>lioni- fOnvei-Rnf inns, and private meefinps, and 




MORI DocID: 163357 






5() 

I Iinv.- fnun-l Inni i-Tsoiinllv t^i Ik* cxlmiifly ros|>oT.sivc*. end it is fc 
viTv .U\h' uh ,-hiUi^U'ji- « liirli lir Ti:i- .i..q,hi] in !ii-:Hlmp ihi- AKency 

HiiH v^.' AM' i>Min-^-1 In. 1 Ihnik 11m- Ii.lc-ni-.-TKT < onimittf'e has 
ci»'.i:il n-n..nHl>il!Mr^ ill tln-> inrji of llu- hMnip, -o w*- look forward 
to.Nu»kiM;,^M(l. vo.iUM'xi"-iifiri-Hi.ll.,Tfli;i1 ^u- r-.^u yM^ i1 MnviO. 
|.,ii It .lo4- H-rm'to mr tl.ut w.- hiiw' t<» ill- m niiH hm^h tJio rliaptrr 
<r. 1 «nj>t lc> |>.'r-onnllv ox|m-s n.y Hi^pn-nnlion to von, AdmirnI 
Tin lirr. Jiud t liiMik ynn fi^r vour I'fM^iM-i'alioi] nnd vonr hv]]). and 1 Joob 
foJ\^iml lu\\orkiu;: villi y^k 

Afliniinl Ti i!Xi:i:, Tl»:uik voil . 

^. II ,iMi Ih i^i>i v-T.^N. Mr, CWyiv IK 1 nn. not suit yon omphnsiipd 

iln. tikimH., Lmi 1 lliihk I fir rnniO on-lii lr> ^l.ow tliiit A*lmirol Tnnier 
ii.f-.itiii.rnn Srl<'.J CoTiinjittf.' OM hi^ own inirinliw wlien th<- n^w 

*l,H-niiM ntiiliou «!is fn \. Tlir ,W,unoii1nnoj» l»n^ In^f-n inadp ftvail- 

i]).l.-TtYii^\f.liiut:n'Tlv.iT»nRi>iriTof i-oo|M'r:in<i». ■ .v . 

I ifiij.k flii- sIm^^v-1 !i vn^t rht1Vivi»<-.' fronithp iiioclf'of opi^rntjonthrtt 
r\i-ir.[ inioi lii !}.i- formation fit li-aM of tW Ch^ivc]l M>mmit1ee, and 

n .litlVivti-i'lljul is\Trv)n-l|»fiil. , ,t^, , v. 

Siniifoi In-iyi:. Thank yon very innrli. Tlmnk you vprv murh, 

" \vr^'!!<nil<l iio« like In rjill iii»on Mr. IMiilip GoUlinnn and Mr, -Tolin 

' Mr'T;!.Mii,:»u :Ln.l Mr. <SiniTi-ri, ^vi^ von plrn^^^ ri-r and tnU the 

'"'^iM voii ^nl.r.ilv swi-nr llint Hit' tr^tiinony von HFf aUnt to e]y^j^ 

llir initli.Tl,- ^xl.olrlnMluniilnoMnM^lMil thi' lrutli.5^>ht-lj> vo.K (-od ^ 

Mr. <;i»M»M ^'^^ 1 »l'i. 

^Ir. ( iiri IN*;>I:. 1 iln. 

S'ii;it'.i Ivoi VK, Tl^iiik yon.^ir. *, . if 

Ml. Ccil.bi.iiTi. \^\U yon i.lrnhfy yonr^U. aivl Rfirr thnt, Mr. 

''Sm!i Ki svKi.v Itcfoiv we -laH in. wo ImH a (hiH wilno^^. Mr. 
('fi;iirni;jti. M»^ Pit^tininr. wlh> |.bniu'd to tc^Mify. trnvelrd (o \\ n^h. 
in.'tm^-lir liM- ill IVn^l.ioLli'M, :in.l ^v:^^ ronti^-'li-^l nv* lUly^with 
^hl intrnnof, of i.-iifvin- ll.i^ hic^nunL'. And soMiHi.in--ho .-nUt'd 
n-^ l.iU tlii^ DinniioL' nnd indi.iih^d !»iiH lio wnnt.-d to prt a ronnwl 
U'ffnr In wonld wi-li to fi-lify. 
Si'nuTor Ivitrvr.. Mi- Ool.lniiin. 
^rl^ (Mildnunu^ill >miiilcnlify yonr^olf, pir. 

TESTIMONY OF PHILIP GOLDMAN. FORMEU EMPLOYEE. CENTRAL 

INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 

Mr. liiHJ^M ^N.1 nni Pltili|.rioldni:in. ,,--*> 

Si^.ciii.r IvMivr. An.l ym lur n forinrr eniployoo of tlio (antral 

Mr. rton-iMN.Ov.^r 1"» vi-nT-^ ii;:o. 

S.-hiitro- K-iMVK. And yon yvvrr nnjdoyod nt the time wlioo 

MKri;n;\ wM^moj^mtion? ,-^„.. ^ *■ * *v. 

Mr. <^n.i.M>v. Tliru wnv so)n. MKl LTRA > in oprrnhon at the 

I iliii' 1 w:|-H thiTC. 



MORI DocID: 163357 








51 

Scnnlor Inoi ii, Anrt Mr. John Gittinger, are you a former em- 
ployc-e of tlic C«>tral Inttlligonce Agency* 

TESTIMONY or WHH OITTIMGER, POKMEK EMPLOYEE, CENTRAL 

ISTELUGEHCZ AOEBCY 

Mr. GiTHNGEK. I &ni- .,, , . 

Senator iNOCiX. A« you still an employw* 

Sena?ori;;orTE''were you a member of the Agency at the time 
MKIILTRA was in operation? 

Mr GiTTiNOER. Yes. ,- j 

cu-nBior 1nov\-X. Thank vou. Senator Kennedy. 

S^na or Kenn?^v. ] wai.t to welcome both of you to the committee. 

n ^; coSld surt with Mr. Gold.nan. AVen. you the project engineer 

but 1 didn't know anvthinj: of its operation. , j _ «, 

Penltor Kr^si^'^-. "Wei^ ym a monitor on any testinp of drugs on 
unwittiiit: persons in San Francisco* 

^'enB^or n'rv^Nrnv: Well, we have a clarified document hei^ that was 
proSd bv the Apcncy that lists your name ... monitor of the pr^ 

pra.r> and I would n^eciate it if >o" '""''*'«'''— T. v^^„_ r _„ 
Mr. GnuiMAN. I tliink the misunderstandinR arises because J was 

^'s'Tnltor KFNXi-.nY. -Well, would you take a took at that ! 

r?Hr.Go)diiiniiin>i*rtedthedorunient.j tj„.„„ 

Mr. G01J.MAN. This document as it states is correct. However, 

""WnntnrKrN-NFnv.That document is correct? 
Mr Go,j>MAX. As far as I see on the first pape. the project. But 

""'s^tor KEVNrnY. Well, could I pet it back, pleaw. 

ThM would indicate that >'"" '^*'"' " ?'«"'.'"^^J ^'''" P'^*^"iV„^„ 
Mr. GouiMAN. I was in charpe of disbursinp the moneys to Morgan 

Hall- ^ , , , 

&rS.15::x:^^^HnSl^Swl.o. name was listed at the top 

"'SnltorKrvNK.v. And you knew that he was runninp the project 

'%'}rnornM.r>"\ knew he was .he person who was in charpe out 
there. 

^^"";;;';J!L\TSitL7noknowledpenordidTseekknowl^^^^^^^ 
actually whnt he was doinp. because there would be other thinps 

Penntfir Kf.nskpv, AMiat were yon doinpT 




MORI DocID; 163357 





52 

Mr Gdidmvn. 1 was collpctin;;— 1 hail tn Ik- sure tlmt all tlie re- 
ceipt- tl.nt c^i. wi-rt' liinif.l in balaivcd wilh tin- niomys ti. a I were 
pai.l ont 1f> He tl.iil everylhinp wn-^ nii. all rjpl|l. 1 \n-iy wa^ no illepal 
Sse of fiiiKls as far as vfr culd delernLii.e i.y tlie reeeipis an.! eash. 

S.>t3t'>r Kf:sM:i»v. So even lh..upti llie A;.'encv d..cuin<-nl indif^tes 
th:il \v». *fi<. Q nifiiiilor foi tl,e i>ruj.nain. one of tlie few monitors of 
lli;.l i,oilienb.i- i.r..-i-:i.ii «l.irl. yon mentione.l for San Franei>ro and 
Mill Vail. y. <-alif.. you .les. ribe.i yonr rrsiKinsil.ility only as a earner 
of iii.in.'V.i-llinl ■wreel? . ^ „;„„ 

Ml (i.iM.MvN. I «tnilil >av us ii disl.m>er or earryinir mil— seoinp 
lliMi il.e n,..i,..v. «e... li..M.li.,l pn-iKTly. TI.eiv wa- wiihin ti.at--l 
d.nri kii.nv wii:it-- di>ne or wjial he di.l .to in eoujnnction will, nil.er 

^Senai.ii Kknnkmv. Were yon respfmsil-le for the di^hursemenl of 

' Mr nnLLMAN. I wfls responnhle f<.r tiirninc over the eherk to hini. 
Si, Mot- Kkx\vi>v. And wlml did y.»ii kn.-^v of the propnin. itvflf - 
\U. (;..ii.M.^N. The oiiK tliiiij: 1 knew of the i>ioj:nu.. wa> ,"''"■ 
fiiriiislied us in triins ofroreii.ls and that son of thinp. 1 didn I in- 
dnlL'"<'t'-<'n''eiinnvM'If inthat. 

Senator Kknnw-v. Y-.u still wrote, and III let you exiiriiine H- 
ifs ;. eh.-Mli.d d<^iin.i.i.1— hill von wrote a rather sul^tanlive reMew 
of 111.' in..L-ii.n, in >hiv of 1%;1. lalkintr ahoiit the exiMiunem^. the 
fa- tiuil .hiiii th.il hml ("-■n rolh-eied. roveit and renli-tie fiel.l trial?, 
alwnt iIk' nierSMiv of tho-e pailieidai-nnd talked nl^.it the fHe<- 
tive»e== of 111.' various prtiprnms. the effieieney of vanmis delivery 
pv-iei..- Tli:it dot-ii'i -ound 1o nie like fionieoiic who i- onl>-— 
■ Mr <;..i.j.i..\\. Well, if \..n woiihl refiv-h my nii'iiiory. if i eon Id 
i-endthi-1 would -titiunly apee will, whiitever is ^I'l there, if it »af 

S.n;i'inrKT vm:my. 1 iim trvim- l-.c:ither what yonr roh- wn-. You've 
in.li.nln.l fii-i r.f nil lii:it voii didn'i know n1-iut— yon knew nl.ont a 
■inf.- l,on=.- ill N.'« Y-.rl; ; now we tind out that you're the enener for 
Ih.' iv-..inv,-- a- "ell i.nd ih-' «(."■"' '" ^■'" l-"inn.-iseo. \\ e find out now 

tint ihi Ci \niil-s->ua-:ii di..r. Yini're li'-lifyin;:thiil yon only were 

th.' ef.uii-r and (■■■iv w.' have jii-t one do-'unn-nl. and th.re are ninny 
oih.r- lh;i( talk ;il«iiii ili.' sni.stiinee of that proKTaiii with yonr name 
on il and 1 am jusl Iryin;: to find out exa.'tly what role yon were 

'' Mr'ni.mMiN. Th.' nnlv thin^i I ean tell yon ahont thi- and I am 

drawiuc eonu.lel.lv on niv memory i- that this individual w lo was 

in rliarL-e out itieir' e.,i.di..-led th-H- thini.'s and eei^o.-l r.l then, ''("-k »<> 
the \..,n<v. 1 didn't iiarli.ipale in anv of them. Ain know- wa- that le 

fiirni-lii-d nil' will, n'.rii.l- f',r thing- that wei-e dmie an.l lold of the 

work ihal ih- V h;id d-'ii.-, . 

■i.'n-.-r KiNM'.v Well, lliat .lo.nmrnt eover- more llian reeeiptf. 
Mr. r..,i MMAV. Y<-. il t.lls of what— they liad eondii. le.l work out 

"fSenaior Kvnnv.i.v. Ti de-eri!^-. do,-- it not ' K.'ad the parapmpli 2. 

Mr. li'MTiM vN. '-.X iiiiniheiof •■oven" , .,. i . , 

.drn:.!..,- Ki V vT„v. W,dl. von .-an'l n-a,l it. it s a rla--ifi.;d doenmenl. 
ai,d 1 ,l"n^ kn.,« why. <inlt.' frankly, hut il relate, to th- suh-tanee 




I 



MORI DocID: 163357 





53 

of tho-p iin-fTniiis an-l voui nnni'' is^ sipnod to the mPinomnHnmf on 
il. I ».>. nnl inlP.v-ir.l inv.ml.vint' to n^viov fm ,is now *l.nl is in -c 
rl,..m„Hit.lmt I tliink it w„ul.lW imfoilnni.l*- if «■.■ woi-o Irft Mitlithc 
opinio,, tli.it nil v..n won- ^f- a courier of re-.o„r,-es jv jni * t- ««■ a 
j!,ouM.T-t wirh yonr i.;.nie on il. sifn.r.1. tlmt talk- HboiiUh- snb^tnnce 
of tl.e rr<..'ran, An<l wliat wi^-ro inim-sl.-.] ni is ll,e snl.stnnrf. of ,c 
n.o.'rani. Wc- hav the n-oont do^■nl„,■nt^ tiiBt uerr ),rov.<le^ bv .e 
Al'.^t..v. «lii.l, do iTidi.-a,.- tliHt v.... wp;t nt Inifl mvolvpd in tJH- 
inhco. anii 111. iii?t tryinp to find out wl.etl.tr you re willinR lo 

'' M"'?S,n\lAv'l nni prrfoctlv «illinfr to tell v.mi cverytl.inp that 

I can ri'iiicml'or. 

Senator KiiNNEnv. Bill yon ran t rcninnl-'r nnytliin?. 

Mr. (;c.ij>M\N. 1 rnii'i reiucmlier llie siibsl.miivc parts of thcsr 

tilings, I reallv can't. . ■ i 

Senntnr Kenvfov. Of the proprnm tJint wnc takmc plaro. 
Ik. yon l.civc any pwnler familii.rify wUli wi.at was hapi>ening in 

New Vork ? 

Mr. Goi.oMAN, Ko, na , 

Si.;it.»i Kv.NNV.i'Y. Anil yon hnve the same fnnetion with repards 

to New York? . , , . »- ••- i 

Mr GoLPMAN-. The same fnnetion with repard to ^ew 1 ork. 

Senaior Kt.nnv-i>y. Did you ever po to San Kroneispn? 
Senator KiNNrin. Dirt yo" mwt witli the spent in charpe! 

Ml. GOLTMAS. Yes. , , ,. , . ■,ii.;„e 

Senator Kf.nxflv. Antl why did yon meet with h.m? 

Mr. GoLPMAN. To di^e,... <om<- of the receipt, and '»""P^ ''V»' ""^ 
tlici-e t<, liinl oiil if thes.- «ere nnieed tn.e ext*nditnre? and to find mit 
if everylliiTlp wii. poinp nlonp all ripht for the work that was being 

SPTntnrKrvvFi'Y. What work was l>einp flonel 

Ml "'.MM X. No. the .^,.".ls nf the.- ihmps and vrh«tever wa. 
heinp d.m.-. I do,,', know «ho he reported to hi.t he did «port to 

""seS KFNNKnv. Yni. travel out there to find on, '>^^\'Y ZZ^. 
thnfs 1-einp done, and wliat does he tell you, that the work i. being 

•^ "Klnl^lle told n.e that the work that they "-/oinp w- 
poinp alonp. propn-s^inp .atisfartorily. but to be very frank with 

■'"si^or K^xNEov. But he didn't tell yon what the ^ork whs? 

Mr G01J.MAV. To iH- verv frnnh w„h yon. Senator I """<>' "". 
m^i ilicr the things that hap,-ned ha.-k in th.>se J,">- V" '^^A^j^ 
from the eomp.m— from the Apeney for over 10 >«'«'>■ ""J <> «» 'J 
Pven farther hiirfc- Ihnn that, and thai was jnst alKnit the time when I 

''SSrli;^;^^*;.^?^;:;;^- .ries of .100 checks. ,0 

^l^GoSrv.-I don-t reeollect it. bnt if yon have it there, then 

'sniator KFv\-F.nT. Did yon know Dr. Gottlieb' 
Mr. Goi,i>MAX. Yes. 





MORI DocID: 163357 






M 

Senator Kennetv. How did you know Dr. Gottliebl 

Mr. CioiJ>MAN\ He had been head of the division when I was re- 

Scnaior KrANEnv. Did you talk to him about these programs? Did 
voii haw nin tiling: to do with liiio duri^;: this pcriotl of time! 

Ml. (ioLriMAV. 1 didn't liavi- aiiytliiii^' to do wjMi him until I would 
&tv|>rciliMM\ in the sixHi's. j ■ i 

Senator Kcnnedv. And can you tell us what you had to do with 

hirn thrn? 

Mr. G<nj>MAN. Jn=^t whnf vnu see there on the papers. 

Senator Kennedy. Well, that is the request for the money and he 

approves it. 

Mr. G*>iJ>MAN, That is the request for money and he approves it, 
and 1 am quite sure thnt I probablv disciiwed with him whethrr the 
work was EOing nlonp all ripht. whether his reports were beinp turned 
in. niid wheihor liv was snlif^fie<l with the way things were pojng 
and did he hnve any complaints about the way other people were 
rcniipstinp him, hut f did not enpipe myself in anything he was doinp. 

Senator Kennju^v. IVelU did you get the impression that Gottlieb 
knew whnt was goinp on ! 

Mr, Goi.nMAN.I didn't ask. 

Senntor Kevnkpv. ]*nt you told him that your impression that what 

wn>j:oini:onevm lliouph'vou didn't know what was goinp on, was go- 
in^' on w(^ll,l iTiiess? fLrtUirhier.l 

Mr. (iiU.i»MA\. 3 told Gottlieb what you saw tn there w-Rt thnt the 
thinps appeared lo be poinp along all right. I was repeating and par- 
rolin;: hsuk tlie word*^ ihnt were ffiven to nie whilt- I wbs there. 

Senator Kennedy. What was the money being spent for, do you 

know? 

Mr. Goldman. No: I ean't reeall that, sir. 

Senator Kennedy. Would you remember if we told you it was red 
curtains and can-can pictures 

Mr Goldman. No. sir. 

Senator Kennett, Flora! pictures and the rest> 

Mr. Gou-MAN. No, pir. 

Senator KENNX^Y. Recorders. 

Mr. GoLPMAV. No, sir. 

Senator KENVEnT. Eecorders and two-way mirrors, 

Mr. Goldman, Wait, hold on. You're slipping a word in there now. 

Senator Kennfdy. But you would have authorized those fund?, 
would vou not. since you were the 

Mr. GoijiMAN. Did vou say two-way mirrors t 

Senator Kennfj>t. Yes. 

Mr. Goi,DMAN. 1\^ere? 

Senator Kknxki>y. Tn the safe houses. 

Mr, GoiJ>MAN.Wlierel 

Senator Ke\nfj>v. San Francisco, 

Mr Oo!,nMAK. No. 

Senafnr KENXEnr. How about New York! 

Mr Goi.nMAN, Yes. 

Senator KrvNEnv. You remember now that you approved etpendi- 
tures for New York? 



MORI DocID; 163357 



55 








Mr. GoiJiMAN. Yes. „*„i 

Senator Kknnei.v. What werpthow>pxpeiidituresfor? 

Mr. (i..u.>iAN. Tliat «a. n tnn.sfcr of monev over for the use m 
an apartment in Xew York by the Bureau of Narx^tics. It was for 

"'Sc'niuir Kennb>t. Do you have any knowledge of what was going 

"^tr'&nrNo- sir, oM.r than I know that .t had been -d a. 
onlinp to tlK- inforn.Mion that I have been pi von '» '^"^.^^.^^^-^J;* 
Uuroau of Nftrrotkv to make mwtmp^ with individtmls who thej were 
im.re^lcd in with rep«rd 1o puf-hinp dope— not pushing dope, but sell- 
ini! narcotics and that son of tiling. 

SoniLior Kjvnei'v. Well. I am sure you had many responsibilities and 
ilV a lonp time iip'.. but the Ap.'n.y does indicale that you were project 
monitor for thai particular proj-rani. 

Sciialor KKN-\F.t>Y. Your own testimony indicates you went out tore- 
vi;«- the exprn.llluro. of fnnd^ to find out whether thev were being 
«i-Hv used tliat vou came back and talked to the project director, Mr 
Golliirb. to pive "him a propn-ss re(>ort about what was going on out 

there. ' . 

^:^.SrS^s^^^^ tHinps a. trtie. and "^"^-4 
complete blank in terms of what was the project itserf. That s where 

" vTtSinM'v.'l did not po out there to rt-view the projects nor did 
I come hack ana talk .ith Mr.Go.ttiehand review what I fad ob^rved 
in term-- of onv projects that thev~tha IS. Other P"/*\?' '^Apeney 
n i"ht have in operation there. 1 simply reported back those thinf^ 
«-h"i ■> were told to me bv the individual out there who-and I earned 
rhen, l.ackVnd thev ^re -contained in the report that you have in front 
of vou, won! forword.iust asit was piventome. „,w.n 

Senator Kf.nvcot. The report that ^"^"'"■'"r^i^^S^T Yr.n' thfnk 
live report on the particular propram and PrO)•■^'^And IJ^on t thml' 
nnvone who wasn't familiar with the pro]ect-th.s is * .PT^J^ll'^'V^- 
at^nn-could write a report on the substance of it withont kno*""? 
Et it.\ow, that's mine. Maybe you can't remember and recollect. 

''"Mr''G'^;:;;7AV. no: everything 1 put down in there i,«, /^i"?; t^l-jj 
« a< told while 1 was out (here.and if tberv was any •"5l"»P 'V^^"^"" 
lion involved in there I can tell you 1 ]U,M don t remember that. 1 reallj 

'^"^{■the time-that was some year. apo. At the time-a lot of time his 
paVii since then and I have made quite sut^ that if 1 ""^^ rec^'f ' J* 

at all. I would do it. If vou have some P;P^'7"l>r» "f,"lVS 
tify whether yes. this is so or that is so, 1 can do that, but I can t recall 

" Sir Kexn«>v. You just certified the principal. There are othei^ 

up here. _ ^. , 

T would likf* to potoDrGittinpfr. 

Senator Kennedy- Hoit lonp did yon s«*rv^ with the A^ncyf 



MORI DocID: 163357 





k 

* 




66 

Mr. GiTTJViiTin. Twnilv-sa v(^:»rs. 

Spnafor Kk\nfj*\- Exf'w>^ ii»p? 

Mr. Gm^JNiJKK. Twj^niy-si:^ _v*'ars. 

Sorirtlor Kr.NMiuv. Tw(*iity-six ycar^. 

Au'} at ^imu- p^iiit yoii movrt] info iW oi>onjlifwn) sup|>orf 5idc, H 
tlia( coiTPCt ? 

Mr. (TiTDXfiFn. Yes. 

S<'iiiitr»r Kf.nsf.hv. And diiJ you know Siiliiey Gottlieb? 

Mr. (iI7Tik*;f,r. Yo-^fin 

Si^nnlor Kkn'nui^y, And did he inforiii you iiboul tliv rorarrli proj- 
{•cX> iinohin;: LSI>? 

Mr-(irrn\<ini:. Yps. sir, 

Sfjial<ir KK\Nri>Y, It i? my undei-shutdliif; thnt yn nprf ftl-oAwnro 
ni S4>]iH- of llie drup tcstin;; pi-ojci^'is ooudiU'H-d on unwiniuf: suijoots 
<^u thi' wr^t roy>'l jj-'in^ \)n' lijin-aii of XHn-ot »<> [ioupl<' jn tljeoiHTBtjoii. 
I"' llint triu'^ 

Jlr. (irmsfiKR, 1 was 

Stnuhir Inulyk, Kxcu^v me. Would you ^jwak inio the niicroplionc? 
1 (-fliuiot lienr yoii. 

Mr, (iiiTiXiiKii. Sorry. 

Senntor KKN\w>r, I>o von know whirli drujrs wei-e involved in tliose 
^ep^^? 

Mr, <iiiTiviii;u. I,SI>. And I can't rpntf*ndier for siire nmoli of the 
ot}ji'»>^. AVhiU isihi'-ul'Staiireof iij,nrihui>nn.cannnhi>. i^tJi:ii npht.fhal 
rail \tc drlivod'd l>y otlu-rtlinu ^ninkini;? 

Spuntor Kknnhjiv. (^nniuhi.-.^ 

Mr. ( irm-vcKK. Theiv had l>ern ^me di^rn«ion of fliat ; ye*^. 

S<'uari>r Kkwkfo. And wa-^ lieroin alM>uspd ? 

Mr. GiTTiNCF.u. Ilei-iiin \i^i\ U\ Cl\ ? 

/^m.nfor Kknnki*y. No. Jji the wfst coast operation. 

Mr. (iiTTiN^iKH, Ai^M)ln(ply not, 

Senntnr Kknxkim. No«-. to your kuowledpp. how ivrre tJ»e drr^^rs nd- 
nuui'^lfTed totii*'innvitlin;:«nh;ieets? 

Mr. (iittj\*;kk, 1 h:<vrnTidinM-f knowledge. 

Senator KvNNKi^T.Wliy did yoii cotothrsafehouiac?? 

Mr. GiTTixcKif. liVn verv ronjpheated Mory. Juvf in jn*:tifirafion of 
myself. tiii> raino up just ijuy In^fore yesterdjiy. 1 hnw not rrjilly had 
enou;:li tiiite to ;rpt it all Mrnichtem>d in luy minrh -n I raniMe' 

Senator Kk.nnkuv. Well, yon tnke your tiine and lell \\< in your own 
wonN. We've ^it sonu-liine liere, 

Mr. ( iiTTiMiKii. M\ n-'-pou'^ilhililies which woulii iuv*ilvo anv of the 
jM-rjiiil of liiiki' tlial y<nr weiv t^dkfn^ al«»u( n-nllv v.t^ nni diivrlly 
relnlod to drn^rs at nil, | was a ]»5Jyi'lioh»jrisi cluir^'d wiiii thr rejipon^i- 
hihty of try in;: to devi"lo(> «* luuih lufiinuiilion a'> I could on vfirioii?i 
rulturi's, oviTsi^a> tullutv^. anthro]>o^>^ii'id ly]»e djiia. if you follow 
wjjnt I mean. 1 wa- :iKi>rnffa;,^'il in tryiit^ to uorkout ways and nicnn? 
of !i.-<r-^)n<ri>eofilrnni| tnidcr^landini: |n*oph', 

1 ori^rinaUy liennne involved in thi^ lhn>u::h working on Chine^i* 
fiillni'i'. and over a s-'ries of tiim- 1 wjk inh-oilu^-ed Jo the prohlcu) of 
hrninwn-Iiinjr. wlnih is lln' thin;: (hut realh wn^ the nio-t cou4]n-llin'i 
thin-r in rehiiion^liip lo tins, and lieeninr rharirrd witli tl»e re^pon^^i- 
hili!y of tryinpr t*> find out a Ihih- hit al«»ut iuiermcution (echniqups- 



MORI DocID: 163357 





* 
* 



I' 




57 

And ai]j'»iip onjprfliinf:>, wo (Iccid^-d or I d**ftdfd that one of the best 
sonrcc-i(if Hid rmifutioti io('liiii<jij(»> wouM tx^fryin': to locate and inter- 
view nnd lK'(t>nie intohti? widi exiH-rirnreirponrr interrojratorf in 
the rnuntry mid PXjH'rienml |»-<>j>le who Um\ irni pniftical knowledjrc 
of iiUrrri»pytioji, Tlie i-en^'-n foMhis ij^tliat wi* ]}ai1 lHT*nue ])re(ty treJI 
co!U iiiivd nftrr tlu' exjM'rii'nip of llir Nriiinwn'^hifijj j>nyMcni5 coming 
uMt of ('i)inu. lliHi it wBfi i1m> tecljui^in*- of tlir ini<'rTopjitor- tjjftt were 
rai»-inp tiu' indiviihialslo n»nkf ronfrs-ioi!>* Hmi su fonii in rcliuioii^liip 
1f> thi>, rnlluT than nnv kind of dnij^'piup onil so fonli. So we wen* 
vpry mnrh interested in inl4vn>palJon tiT'lmi'tues, and tins Jed to me 
lieiii;: intrMiHTd lo tl>p »^'eiii in \Uv we<l cojim, nn<] I l>e^>-A]) lo talk to 
liliii in (nnnt*crion wiih ifie-e interro^rntioii te'!mi*|ui*f^, 

Seiintor KFxvwr. OK- Nort% (Jial i,* t]u- affi'iu that ran the teMs 
on the AVptt coa^t nn tlir lunviftui^ i>#*n|de, ThalV wlien- you come iiK 
eorrerl ? 

Mr. (Simvcrn. If I iinder-ifnnd— would you pbv Hint tpain f 
ScniUiU- Krvxn^v. The name Mor^nii "lIiiU )ifl> been— that is the 
nnnn' thnt hfi«l>PcnTiped, 

Ml . (irms<!r-R, Yes, 

SinntorKT.\NO*Y. Andtimt iFtheapcnt thai yoHmet witli. 

Mr. (iiTriNi;t:ic. Thnl i^ri^rht. 

SriiinrnKv:\NKi»v. And >ou met at the safe hoiij-e, 

M)'. (ijmvcFTi. Ves-sii\ 

S']j:i!iir K3:\NM>y.'\Vi]on» dill you nipr? within the r^afehnnso? 

Mr, (iiTTiMira, Thi- i- the pnrt that is hiivd for me lo ^y, and 1 am 
snrrv lliflt i liitve Uk Id contu^-tinTJ witji sonn' work fhiil we Ttere 
doiiii^, \vr ni"''th"il (o h.-ivi' wiiiir inff^rritaiion on ?=pxnal habits Morpon 
IhiU |ir<n i'h'il iuforrtiiuil*i for n^c to talk to in <'OJtneelion with the sex 
hnhit« that 1 wris iiiten»sted in tryJMfr to find information. Pnrinp one 
period vf time the safr h'»ri^\ u*i far n^ I vn- concerne^K wa= nsed for 
jn-t thi'H- pnrti-'idiu' tyjw of interviews. And I didn't 5oe the red 
curtains:. 

Sermtor KKN\ri*v. Tfiosp were prostitutes, were they? 

Sfr. fiirnNCpKn. YeR.Pir, 

Sennlor KrNVKhY. H"W many diffeti-nt time^ were you thpre that 
yon Jtnd similar 

Mr GmjMiKTi. 1 couldn't po5i.=ibly <ny T\-ith any eertainfy on that. 
Four or iyw liuie-. 

Senator KrwKov. Fouror fivp linifs. 

^fr, fiiTiiMiKi;, Over — yon renieniher now, the jveriorl that I'm lalk- 
ins; ah**nl wln^n 1 wonhl have nr)y invojvenjent in thr-; is from about 
]\Ki\\ io VM\\. So it's nl»ON( a -1- or Ti year i>eriod which is the only time 
that 1 know ariythin;: al"Oiit what yoti aiv talkinj: about here today. 

Senator Krssinv, Did Ahiriran Hall juiiko the orranp^^niput? for 
lh*' proetilnti'sin meet with you? 

Mr. finTi\<^Kft. yps.Mr, 

S(*naliir Kt.xnkoy. Did the inlorvipws ihaf you had have tTiythinp to 
do with drup-* 

Mr, fiiTTiNrFp. ^Velh n^ T tried to exphiiu enrlier when thi- wa« 
l-ein:: diMu-seii ii IjIiIp hit Wforehand, ns\i'm 1 think it is prplty hard 
fr>r niO'^t pi'ople now to recognize Iinw lilth- Ihep' wa'^ known al>out 
drufjs at the i»rnod of lime that we are lalkiuj; al>out, bocanse tlic 



MORI DocID: 163357 






5» 

dnjp ii'^t' or tin- Onifr ^^ullnrf romot Inff^r on. C»ns"'qiirntly, those of 

iif w Ii*i li:<i] rvriy n'r-iiuh-il'^lity iu thi^ un-Ji w^^v inr^-n— tr*l iii trviuc to 
tr*'t a- )niii li nif*irtii:tn<Mi n- wivouM uti tlu- tiiilK'ulnnv, ilu- ^ubi-uluirc 
di-ij;: ^'t<.ii|i-, ;nii) uliviouwiy tin- Hun-jiti of Narcdtir.^ n-pre^'ntod a 
Tiiruii- c»f A'nu'^ \\i\r-. ( 'onM'i jui'jif fy. (iflni ty|n-> (if ihin*:^ tliai Titers 
iuvolvr.l iu <H^i'ii-siiii^- u! tlmi linu" ^\oiiKl li;T\i' in i|i> Willi ilii' ^jiJcr- 
iiroiihJ n-i- of dni^"i. Wjn'ii J nin talkiii;: jibfiu! llii> ] nui tulkin^' ^U^ouf 
lljt- f-ilk\V!iy- ill trims uf innvitiin*: iim' i>f dni^'v Diil ihesc |)0i>plc il^ot 
1 >Mi-iiilkiii;r Tn (i;ni"!n)> jpifnnijiiTmrj nlw*ijt ifiJMtikl on nirt' itj-hnm-p 
i1ji"\ miti" :iMr fo 1**11 ijH' nlw^ni ihi^ir um-. nivl in mo-1 <'h«^h tlji^ wouM 
l:ir;ri)\ I urn out ir» U' n MirkiT Finn or MmtHliJiii! of tiiai sort ratijtT 

\h:\ii :tllM[iiti;: r^olt^l }C. 

I nKu >v;j^ vny mn* 1i iiitrn-PM'd ln-i-aii-*' wv }j;nl n-latlvclv liHlf 
\iift'it\i:iiviu. )H-)\v\t- ]\ fir iiof. :ii Ihnt timi'. in h'Trii- of x]w iujjoirs 
n-ji'-nun- lli:n |M'<i|>U" Wi-w liavin;: to drii^:^. 'l"lion»f<ii'c, (litM- ]x-<*i>!r 
Wi-vv \i't\ iufuiriiiiTivt- in tornis of they know u preut deal of infoiinu- 
lion alniut i>^!nhrin>. 

Sn;ii.»r Kr.wK.n^. Ar U-n^i \tni puiWu^t] — nv am I cin-ri'il in n--inii- 
in;r ilmi \<»n ;::»tlMrril \\iy ii(ipn>Mun iliai ihv ino-ninu-> iii!\t ynu h:ii1 
!alk<-*l n. wm- ;iM,- ut slip till- ilrn;.'.- lo jKujpTi' ns J n)nli't>tjniii ii. iJiil 
you foiih ;in> iiiipi'*'*-iftn on tJmi ^ 

>fr. (JirriMiu:. I r<'il;iinly <liil J^ot fr>nn tho jniprfs^ion lh;ir tliry 
<\if\ lh\^ ii- :i rulr nr — 

.S^n;jlni'KK^\F)»v.llnt llioy lunl ihi- knnwlril;54\ 

Mr. tin*n\<:i:it. TIhv InuI the krj<-M-l('il;:<' or sonn- nf rlipni hnd hrtJ 
knowlnl^Tf. of ilii^l^'iii-^'dfino. Itnr iipuTMiKir tnnu'il out.ii wu^ liirjr<^ly 
in ilji> ftTiM of kiioikoin <lT"op-i. 

S*»nnrnr J\F\vi:nv. Ijinikiui: im'-k now ilJil you fonn any iin]>i'i^^?^iou 
nhfiiu liow till" Ap'iiiy w»>ni'hi;iny H'stin;: tiu> In-omJ -inM"Trnnu»f M>rial 
cln=*;i'^ in tiii'sr -:if,' Ijoo^p-f A\"itli ilir lai";:^' ih-lmr-jil of cash in 
Mnall ijniuuii ji'-, ?^l<»i^ Kill- lonl f)ir klmls of i-UilHtrsitc <Joroiiition> ami 
fWfiAvjiy n»Jrroi- in ilir U-ih'oo»).> nnil ijll \\w n'^t. i> flji-n- :iny oni'-tion 
in yonr owji ruinil w l]:»i wn> jjoinj.' on in tlir >jifr iioii?<*'?-, or llir trrh- 
niijni^-. rliiii wrrr U^iTi:; o^n! lo a'liuiTU^^n'V f Ih'h- ilni;:'- ? 

Mr. (in-riNrfihrr. J lirnl if vvi\ 'lit!i*nh h< an-wcr lint: f|np>tio?>, f-jr. I 
liml ;il*-oliift0v no ilinrt kn*iwk<^;:i' tl»on* Wji^ ji lj»r;:c' mmtlior of this. I 
hit'l no kooH i*"(ijfc |}i:ri :iTi\nn'' orlK-r tlt:in — tinin Mcir;:r»n II it 11 whs in 
nny wjiy iniolvnl in ilir nowitrin^ u*l^uini^tiJiMOJ^ of den^-. 

Si-niMor K»\ v*;ii>. ^^\n (iotrliH) wouM know, ^\<nilil hi- n<u i 

^fr, <i»TTi\*;i:i;. I JM'lir\4' mi. vi'^.sir. 

S*'Ti:itnr Kknnkov. C'nnM \vr ;;i> into thr Jlnmnn Koii]o;;v Fonmln- 
linn :ind iiilk iiiiinn tluii :iiii! how it was ii><'il i»r- iin in-irnmeni inU'iins 
of ihr *np|K*n t>f rrM'arrh t 

Mr. (iin FNiiKj;. Vr>. >ir, 

Si"n;jror KKWirnv. Conhl yon ih^-rrilH' it lo ii*? t'*i>nhl yon (losrnlw* 
th<'llinii:ni K*'olif;:v l-"ouTvhitir»n, h'nv ir fnnrtioni>il :in'l hr>wii w^rkiMl? 

Mr. (iJTTivcKr:, .Sj!i\ 1 trll sornrilnrii^' ;ilH>iir how it r\oh'Oil, wlmh I 
tliirik i'' iinporhinl '. 

SrhiU'ij Kr:\M:r'V, Snn'. 

>fr fitniv<iKi;. Tin- Socirty for thr Invest ijnt ion of Iluninn E^ol- 
opy. >ci-r:»Jh-.l. w:i- artuii^y u — 1 am confuwul hrn- now a? lo whcihor 
1 KhonM muni' \\m namos. 



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_i — 




59 

Senator Keskedt. Well, we're not inlerested in names or institu- 
tions, so we prefer that \ou do not. That hns to be worked out in 
arrajipenients between AJmira] Tiimi-r and tbe individuals and the 
insniutionf. 

h\u ttVn' irvt'^i'oMed in w]iai xhv Foundation really was tnd how it 
funrtioiii^il awl whut il-- jJuriKiM- was;, 

>li\ (iiTTiNrtV-iL AVrlK it wa^ pRialili^licil to underlakc research in the 
g^-n^ral an'a of iln* b<'bavioral sti*"i]i<-s, ]t dffinitt'Iy had almost no 
f'Kiij.<tr iiilerest in. wiy, druii-rrlnicd iy|>e of artivitifii except in a very 
luinor iray, ln'<'aNM' il w;j> JHr^oly Sfi u\i to anenjpt to pain a certain 
auionni of infi>rination and lo fund projects which were ])sytholopicaK 
sooitjh^pinil, an(hrojK»lofricat in character. It wat estabhshed in tht' 
priiM- of a jX'TJocl of tinu' ihnt a lot of u- whn an- in it wi>h we could 
doii ovirapiin, but we wefvijilcrenle'J in tryiuptoiret topetliera panel 
of the most ivprer-entatiw hipUJevrl UOiavioiul scientists we could to 
overnCT and help in terms of drveloj>inf the Society for the Investi^- 
lion of Unman Ecohipy lyiw of propraru, 

TJ»o Apency in effect provided the money. They did not direct the 
projecrs. Now^ the fact of the matter is- there are a lot of innocent peo- 
ple who received Hic Society for the Investipation of Human Ecology 
money which I know for a fflct they were never asked to do an^thinp 
for tfce CIA but they did pet throuph this indirectly. They ^ad no 
knowledge thflt they were petting CIA money^ 

Senator KenvedV, Over what period of time did this take placet 

Mr. GiTTiNriER. As far a? I was concerned, it was the perioa of time 
endinp in lf*(>l. I believe the Human Ecolop\" fund finally phased out 
in l^-"». but I was not involved in thi?=nha?iinp out. 

Senator KtNVEnv, Can you pive the ranpe of the different sort of 
individual projects of the univ4»rsifie- in whirh it was active? 

Mr. GiTTJNOER. Well, it would have as many as — I am very fiuzy 
on njy memori' on the nnmlvr of projoct?^. It is o^^er 10- 20. 30. 

Senator Kenxkhy. After it made the prant^, what was the illation- 
ship of the Apenry with the results of the studiesf The Foundation 
acquired the money to make the prantp from the Apency. and then it 
made the pranlr to these various research proprams. 

Mr. GrmNnFin. Yes. sir. 

Sena(or KrNyfioT, And that included eipht universities as wtll as 
individual reioarrhers! 

Mn GrrnxfiKw. Yes, fiir. 

Senator Kfvxkdv. Then whnt follow-up was there to that, sir! 

ifr. Girnxfux. "Wrll. in every- senf^- nf the word, the orpaniAtion 
wns nm exnrfly like any other foundation, and it earned with it the 
same thinp in ferm= of nial^inp rertain thnf the people that thev had 
ffiven money to Tisrd it for the purpose f'>r which it had heen printed, 
thnt they had nrce=*: to any of the reports; thnt they had put out. but 
there W4*re no strini«; attached to anyl>ody. There wa?in't any reason 
tliev couldn't publish ^'MthinsTth^f thev niit out. 

Senator Kr-Nxmr. WI>at (tort of hudEret are we talkinc about here! 

Mr. GrrnxflKK. T hone<rtlv do not remember. T would j^uesF we are 
talking in the realm of about $l.'>0,f>00 a vear, but don*t hold me to that, 
becan^ I dont know. 



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* — - 




60 

Senator Kexnedt. What is your viw about such fiindinp as a pro- 
fessional pejson, in terms of compromising the jnlcgritv of a univer- 
sily. nr? 

Mr. GiTTiNOFR. "WVII, obviously, sir. insofar as todav there is no 

mieslionaboiitit. Iwillhflvetosavat thetimrlhat wr wire doinp this 
there \rfm quite an entirely different kind of an altitude, and I do 
know for a fact that we moved to ^art towards phapin? out the So- 
ciety for the Tnvesti<jation of Human Eeolop- and the Humnn Erot- 
op>' F;iTid for the very TCiiwnthnt we werebepinnin? forecopni/e that 
it wnp movinc into nn nren but thi^ would be eompromised. 

Senator KFVxmv. Well, that js oommendabir, both vonr attitude 
and tlir reftsons for it, btit dnrinff that period of limo it still was in- 
volved in behavior research pmpram^. asl nnderstand it, 

Mr OiTTivfiKR- Ye?:, Fir. On its own, in ronnection with this, it 
partjripated npnin, nnd these a^min wero not CTA-diree!ed projects, 
biit thecr were nil thmir^ whirh wonM theoretienllv contribute to the 
jrenfrnl knowledge at the time where the thinff? like the studv nf the 
Hnnffarian refncees — obvinntly. the Miidv of the Hiinparian fefii^reeF 
who r-ame to thi^ roiinfri after tho Hiin^rinn revolt wns a ver\- n?e- 
fnl exerrji^e to try to iret infnrmntJon about the personality character- 
isfict of the rommunict= nnd po forth. 

Senator Kkv-nfov. Were there other foimdntjons that werv doinp 

similnrkind^of work? 

Mr. GiTTiNCFH. Not to mv knowledge. sir- 
Senator KrvNFPV. You believe 

Mr. Hi-rnNvirK. Yon n^enn. CIA. other CIA? 

Senator Kfxnf.ov- Rijrht. 

^fr. GiT-TivoFR. 'U'ell, my ansivor i* in the i^nse that T know of no 
otlier riA fonntlitinn'^, no. ThiT*^ were, of course, other foundations 
doinc^ifuilarkiiKlsof vork in thoTnited StnteF. 

Son.itor KrvvKov. ITnve you heard of the Ppveholoiriral Assefs- 
menls Foiiii'lation? 

Mr fiimvcKn. T eertninlv have. 

Senator Kpssfov. Wlint was that? Vnml function did that hare? 

Mr. Gn-nvrpKR. Now, this wim briti^iui: u^ np to n different era. I 
bclievo the fnnrtinnc of that ori:aiii7ation have nothing whafcoever 
to do with the thinps that are boinfr talked about here while T was 
a?^orintril with it. 

Senator Kkvvfov. Ffithrrfhan pettinff into the work, if was another 
fouTidatiou. was it not? It wa*: luiother foundation supported bv the 

Apr-ney? 

>rr. OrTT'vorff. Whr>t. the Pcvcholopieal Ai=!5essment ? 

Senator Ki:\VKnY. Ye=. 

Mr. GimvoT:!!. Xo. sir. it wnsnof. 

Senator KrvvKor, It did not ^ret anv support at a]l from the 

Apenev? 

Mr. GiTTis'^FR. Oh. yes. sir. If did pet support, but it was a buFiness 
firm. 

Senator Kf-nneov. It was a business but it cot support from the 

Ai'enry? 

Mr. GiTT7voFn, It pot mnnev from it. but it definitely was not in 
MKn.TRA or in anv wav assoeiale<l with tins. 



i 



MORI DocID: 163357 





^- 




61 

Snmtnr KKN\rjiY, All riL''"'. I wnnt tu tlmnk yon for your helpful 
lei?timoiiy, 5Ir. Gittln^n: If if no! ^n^-_v lo pti bock into thr past. I 
think you hfivp bron \evy fnir in vo»r rh:>rnrterization5, and I think 
it is (|irilo BppmprialpK inJiontoJ tJint tJi<>ro nre different stfindai^s 

nowfrmn wliat they were 2f»VKirsapo.nnd I think voii have responded 
very fnirly and completely <o the inf|Niries. and 1 think with a (jwd 
deoj of feelin;: iilx>ut it. 

^011 niv a |>eiwin who i= obviously aftinipliiii: to serve the oountrv's 
inlereM, so I want to thnnk you verv much for your statement and 
for your helpful timeline??. 

Mr, GiTTixcKii, Thnnk you. Fir, 

Senator 1n<*i'vk. Senator Cas*'? 

Senator Cask. TJinnk yon, Mr. Chairmnn. 1 nm Porn- that 1 had 

another commitfeo that I Jmd to romple(t the hearing vith this morn- 
ing l>efore 1 ;roI here. 

I shall reod the (esiimony with verv preat interest, and I appreci- 
ate your testimony n^J have heard il. 1 wonld like to comment just on 
one iKunr.and that is, it relates to a story in the pre^s yesterday about 
pan of this pi-oirrani involvinju' llie fundinp of a prant at a forcj^ 
university. I woul<i hke to elivit fnnu vou a commi^nt as to the addi- 
tional s<>nsif]vity and diffirulty tliat thai practice' involves from your 
stnndi>oini as a scientist, as well as a citizen, if vou wilh 

Mr. CirnNoKic. I will say )l was afler the fiirt thinkiup. It was utter 
stupiHiiy the way tiiinp. worked out to have u^l some of this money 
ouui.Jt' the Viuui] Slatr< wlnn jt was VJ\ monev, 1 nm enter-oricanv 
Stat*' in my kno.vlo.I^'r luul I don't eh.in, a mmpllte knowledce alt thV 
way arri>^_-. of l)ie hrmj:tn ci-olof.-y funcMon^, but to n»v knowledge, and 
thi< is nnfnnunaT< , tJirvi' penph^ did not know that thev were cettinc 
moury frf^J^, (}\^ ^rid thry uen not askrd lo conirihute anvthinc to 
( lA n^ Piich. ' ^ 

SeuPTorCASK. It wouhl )«■ iniensriiic to tn to examine this bv turn- 
m- tir Hnn- around und thinkiui: wh:H we" would think if thi* hap- 
pi-neH from a forii^'U ofti- uil ap-uc v (o our own universitv, TJiank vou 
y}i\ i liairmjin. ' " ' 

Srn,anr Iv.. I vf^ Senator Sc}nveiker 

Sennir^r SrnwTiKV.R. Thank vou. Mr. Chnirman. 

orl . '.",ir i"l'''''i' ^^^^"\'^':'(>'>" ^'<^M tell us what your traininp and 
e(tn<'aiioiial Jmi-k^rround if? 

Dr. Goi^MAx. I have already piven a bioc-rnphv for the record 
Scrudor SrnwnKvn. ] havi^ not hvu it. IVI*.. luis it ? K it da«^ified ' 
Me may have it f,|r t... re. ord, hut may I ask you to brieflv describe 
>ourtramm;r smd barkirround for .i^nnw? J hot>e it i« no SfVret 

tohi thai by your stnff ,>e,.|>h-. but J have no objection to tcllinp vou. 
J am a n-snh-ut from renri^ybania. M.ulhweM Pennsylvania. Lan- 
ra.jer rnui^ty, I weni to Vnm Slale. and T an^ Jn niitrition. 

>cnn(or Sriiwi:TKKPi. In what ? 

Dr. GoijiM w. Nntriiifui. 

tufriT^ '^f-n^KiK^ii. Were you in eharpe of a sect ion or sepment of 
the( lA in vourpnst rapai'ilv? ^ 

in H'.;n^'n7''' '*"T^ "'^^ **"r^ ''^^ ^^"'^^ *'*'^' orpnrn..ntion. I was 
jn cUarpe of one small section of it. one small Sipment of it ; yes. 



-4- > 



- ^ 



MORI DocID: 163357 






in D position (o know the 



62 

Senntor ScM\vr,iKFR, What was the function or purpose of t}iat sec- 
tioii lliitl yoti )iruLl('(l '. 

J)r. (ii»iJ>MAN.Toprf>vidi'Fi]ppnn fortlir other pnrfF of the division. 

Senator SriiwKiKKii. Who»-e in tlie fhnin of command would ti*al put 
you in rrlntionfo l>r (ionlieh? 

Dr. (iinj>MAN, I'retly fnidown fhc ]jnr. 

S*')):Moi SrnwuijiKK, Mr. <;ifiini:ci-. I wouM juFt like to ask you a 
few t\yw-t ioii^, \\\. iippn-t'iafe v<iur fr:!nkne'><i nuil camlor with tl^r'.-oni- 
iinih'4'. nud *\o n\T)J>:i' ihi^ is a verv diffUuh rtn^a. to pri into. J am n'vt 
qu]\v chavfiu U\umuUfv-ih.\\ wpiv liii-^cd pnrJier First, ^verp tljo safe 
hnusi*- we wttv tii!ki»i;: al»onl lirre »isi-d on or^a-^ijon bv \hv pi-osiitutes 
yoM ivii-vivi] 1o? 

Mr, tiiniNtjKk- I n-Mv Jtnvenol the^li;;rhtcst j^lea. 

St^n:»tor S<imvi:iki:i;. \Vrif the pro-tiiute" um^U in nnv way to slip 
fl»i'nj-hJimr>ilrn^- furoiiM^rviilion purpo.io=i* 

MrfiiTHNcin. \r« fnnivdirert knowledp^v 

S<'naicir Si liWKrM.Jt, AVould you have lieen i 
fiti^iwer toeiiher 'if ih*--^ fjne-fion*;? 

Mr, fSnTiNcvR, M:iy I sov, priibahh not, anri mav 1 ninfce an n«iide 
tor.M^lairi n hiOv h\i of tl»is/]»lrn<ic.sir'? 

Soimtor SrMWKiKi:ii. Mr, Gittin^rer, a moment flfro you moniioned 
hrniinwi-hmjr lei inn«n>cs, nsono an-n that yon had, 1 tztn^s^. done -onie 
wiJTk in, Ut>\v Wiinhl vou rh,Tnirteri/P (hr sintr of the nrt of hrain- 
w^^^liitic: (cujjiy? \Vho Iins the me^j exjx-iiisr in this (iehh and wJ,o is 
or i>no( doinjjit in itTUisof oniPicovoiniuents? 

l>uriTiir t)»e Koreair \\r\r th*'T'(> ^va,^ n hn of serious di.sriission nliout 
hnnnwji^ni^;,' f.-rhni.|i>e>i Iw^inj: listed hy the Norlli KniT!»n>, itml 1 nni 
intMi'-^h-'J iTi lindiii:rT*Mi wh;>i flu- MaTi-'of the art is toiiny. nsyon 5*0 it. 

Mr. (it r-iT\(;n:. WcU. of i-onrsi'. tUt-n- hfi^ U*en a frront deal of work 
on tlii-. ;ind Uh'M' is -till ji irn-M iIimI of c'ot*i[vivoiTy. J cnn tell yon that 
a^ fur a^ 1 kTifw, liy I'M'.]. VM'rj. h wiis at least proven to niy sati-.- 
furtinn ihal hrjiinwiisliinj;. m» rsiUfih is somr kind of an c^oferir device 
wlu-jv i!rij;;> i*r niTnd;dU'rin£r kind'- uf rnuditions and so forth wt^re 
TJst-.l. diil mil c\j«f .viii ihoiiirh *TIk* Miinrhiuinn Pandidnte" as a 
niovi" ii"all\ Hi II- h;*. k a luitL' umc, U^rariM- it miidr soruetluM;: ini- 
p^K>il.ii- h»ok phui-ihlr. Ik* yon folhiw whnt I mean '. Bui hy inC-2 nnd 
]flr.:', Ihr ppTUTJil idra (hsii we wrrr nhir it* eonie Up wiili is that hraiji- 
w:t-lnTjjr wu-i lar<rid\ a proi-e---; of isiihitiTiL' .\ hnmnn boinc. keopinp 
hitri nnt of rnnla'-t, putlin*: hrni nnih-r lon^r stn'ss in ndntionship to 
inlerrii'wiuiT nnd iT^inroL-m ioti, and that thev eould produ^'e anv 
rhan^r MliI \vi»y wiihorji having to nwrt to any kip*d of esoteric 

Sinsdor Sf'invuKvn An- there ways that we ran a5vertain tin*; from 

a di<:tan<o when we siv a raptive prisoner either po on telrvisi^n, in 

a pliolf^'raph. ny nt a piv>- i-onfej-en* e? In olhrr wnrtt.-, aiv t)u*n* err- 

tain sitrn* that yon hnve leanird 10 nvoind7-o froni vour teohniral 

hri-'k;ri<iiirid. to tell wlivn hniinwji>hin;: ha« ocruni'd ? Or is that verv 
diff^-nlllodo? 

Mr, fiiTTiNr^KK. It is djfljrult lodo. 1 think if is pf»sihh-now in terms 
of lorfikin^' at n pirtnn- of sonirN^ily vvho hn^been in enemv hands for 
a loii^r nerind of tiiKi, Wp f^nn p*! sonie pret(v pond ideasioif what kind 
of eiirnfiislanres ho hns been under, if that is what vou mean. 



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63 

Sonntor S* hweikfh. That is nU I hare, ifr. Choim»an. Thank you. 

Spnafor iNorvii. T}iank vou very miKh. 

IVfori' n*ljoiiniin;r ll»f^ )»(^nnnff'R. I \\o\M like to havp tJie ircoH 
sliow rfin( l»t-, (itilJnian and Mr. (littinprr have voluiilarilv cooperated 
-witli tJn- ronijiiittcc in Staff interviews, tltat thev appearthis morning 
volijjjtjirily. ami t]*ev are not nndt- r snJ>i>pna. 

(ieiitleinni, I realize tJinr thi^^-xporinire mny hnvc boen an unhappy 
mu- and po*:sihly a painful onr, TJierefore. we thank you vcrv much 
for piiniiipjieififrihis morninp, We also realize that tlie circuinstances 
of tljat finic (liflVml verv J\\\^r\i from this dav, and possihiv the na- 
tional attitude, tin* national [xjlilicat otnnide" condoned tliii tvpe of 
a<r jvity. Sr>. \vp hove noi asked von to come here as prrsons who hare 
eomniiiteil crimen- but rathrr in l»o|)e that you can assist us in Fitudyinp 
t}n>i proMt-na so thnt it will not ^Hrnr onVe apain. In that spirit wc 
thiink yon for your partieipatioTi» and we look forward 4o working 
wirh you furtiier in this case. 

Thank yoii ver\- murh. 

Senator J\knnVj>y. Mr. Chairupan, I would like also to thank the 
witnewes. The^e are diffi< ult matters^ and I think all of us are very 
pratefjd. 

SniatorSniwnKEP. I think the witnesses should know that thouph 
it m,ny not always s*oni that wnv. what we are f rviiip lo do is to proli 
thv pi^-r oud look at tl^- |»olirie-of the ptif^i lo aff* ct ihe fnture. I think 
our eiupha=:is reidly jf^ on thr future, not ihe past, but it is important 
tliiU wf' learn from thr past a^^ we fornuilate policies and lepislation 
for thr fNfiiM', T hoj>e that all of the witnrjwt^* who did come before us 
vo!»intnrdy ihis ui<iniin|r, iTuhidiup Admiral Tnnirr respect the fact 
that wi' nre qnestionin;r the past to learn fll>oni the future, 1 think it 
should lie looked at in that Ji^jJit. 

Senator Kr,NNr,nv. T think that is the -spirit in which wp have hid 

these hearinc'^. If sienis to lue that fwm Imth these witnessef^ ind 

other's, OolilJeli knows the ioforujation and can l>e«i resj>ond. and we 

are poinpto make every effort in the Seiiaie Health Committee to ptt 

5fr. noftlieh to appear, and we obviously lo<»k fniward to cooperatmg: 

with Senntor Inouye and th^ other memlier- of the committee in pet- 

tinp th** final chajUer written on this, but we want to thank vou ven- 

TnridiforyouraplKMrani'o?iere, 

Senator Ixoryj:, The liejirinp will stauil m recess, subject to the tall 
of the Chair. 

flVhereujwnn. at }2:\2 p.m.. the hearinp was recessed- subject to the 
call of ihe Choir.] 




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APPENDIX A 



■^^ - 




XVll TESTING AND USE OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGI- 
'CAL AGENTS BV THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY 

Under its mandalt: ' the Select Committee has st udicd the test ing and 
use of cJiemical and biolo-ical agcni^ by intelligence agencies. Detailed 
de^iciii-tion'^ of the progriinis conducted by intelligence agencies in- 
vol vine chemical and biolo-ical api^nts ^^kU be inchid^d in a se|janucly 
pubh=lied appendix to ilie >L*nare ^ole-'i Comnuttee s rei>ort. 1 Jns sec- 
tion of the repoM will discuE: th^ rationale for the programs, tlieir 
monitoring and controK and «liiu the Comn^itiec's investigation has 
revealed about the relationships among the inlelhgencc agencies and 
about their relations with otlier government agencie:, and prnate in- 
BtJtuiionsandindividuais.- . 

Fears that countries hostile to the United States 'twould use chemi- 
cal and biological agents against Americans or Americas allies Jed 
to the d<'veU'pii>en! of a defensive progrojn de^igni-d to discover tech- 
niques for American intelligence agencies to detect and counteract 
chemical and biological ajrenis. The defensive onentation soon became 
secondary as tlic pos-^ibU- use of ihes*" agent:? to obtain information 
fronuorWin contml over, enemy agents became apparent. 

Research and devtlopineni programs to find niaiei'ials which could 
Ix' used lo alter human beh:ivior wciv initiated in the late iy4t»5 and 
enrK IDoO^. The=e esperimrn1;tl pmgramF onginany nuluded testing 
of druiis involving wining human subjens. and ruhnin:ited in tests 
u-ing unwitting, nonvohiniecr human subject:*. The^e testr were de- 
signed to determine the potential rtferts of chemical or biological 
agents when used opcraiioiijlly again?t individuals unaware that they 

had received a drug. l *l - 

The testing programs wore considered highly sensitive oy ttie in- 
telligence agencies administering them- Few people, even within the 
agencies, kne^r of the programs and there is no evidence that either 
the executive branch or Congrcr^s were ever informed of them. Ihe 
highlv companmented nature of these programs mav be explained in 
part tv an observation made bv the CIA Inspector General that, the 
knowledge that the Agency is engaging in unethical and illicit activi- 

•Senate Re^oluiioa 21 directs the S^aote Select Comiaiitee on Inteniceart 

Activities to iDTealiEitc a number of iesu^s : *„„.j in„„.T 

"<3> Whether fljTfncles within the inteUijoncp commuoitr condaetefl Illegal 

domestic activUies iSectionScn aad i2)): 

"(b* Tbe extent to which ajeacles within Ibe iDtriliseDce commnniir coopcr- 

**"{c)*Tae^a<Jequart of rt'eeutiTp branch and coneressioDal OTenlpht of Intel- 

UeeoeearTivltips f Section 2 (Ti and ni>) ; . , * _i i^ 

^{d> The adequacy of existing laws to ttfeguard the rigbli ot Americao ctd- 

■**Ue dola?!? of^tbese proprams may never l>r knnwn. The procrams T^ere bicbly 
eomrBrimenTPd. Few reenrd^ wert^ kn^t. Whar littli^ d.KTumeDtacion eiisted for 
tbe CIA 'I principal program was destroyed early in 19*3. 

(3g5) 



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386 

ties would hnvc seriou? repercussions in political end diplomatic circles 
and Mould be dotrimontaj to tJic accompUsliineni of its missions.''' 

Tiit ix?5o;tich and development program, and particularly the co- 
vort tearing progiain-, PcstJlcd in mas;:ic nbridgmcms of the rights 
of Auicncnn citizens, sometimes with tj.i^ic consequences. TJie de^iths 
of t^o Americans " can be attributed to tirL=e programs; other partici- 
pant? in the testing pro^i-auis may stilJ suffer from the residual ef^ 
fe^'ts. WJiiJe some conii-olled testing of tljese substances might be de- 
fcndtJ, thu nature of the l^sts, their scale, and the fact thai ihcy were 
contmui^i for >tars after the danger of surreptitious administration 
of L^D to unwitting individuals was knowiij demonstrate a funda- 
mcniaJ Ui5rcg:trd for tlit value of human life. 

TJa- Select Committee s investigation of tlie testing and use of chem- 
ical and biological agents also raise serious questions about the ade- 
quatv of command and conirol procedures within the Central Intelli- 
gence Agency and military intelligence, and about the relationships 
among the intelligence a^ncies. other governmental agencies, and 
private insi irut jon-^ and individuals. The CIA s normal adininistrative 
controls were waived for programs involving chemical and biological 
agentF tn project. fhcir security. According to the head of the Audit 
Branch -n the ClA. thes*> waivers produced "gross administrative 
failures." They pr^ , -led ihe CIA's internal review mechanisms (the 

Ofik^e of General Ci/..i5ch the Inspector General, and the Audit Staff) 
fron* adefinrtU 1> suprrvisinp the projrram>. In general, the waivers had 
the paradoxiciil effvt of i>ro\idJnp lesf resirieiivr administrative con- 
trols and les-^ effmive internal review for controveijsiai and higlily 
scjisitiu' proj*^ct&i}i:in tlin^c governing normal Agonev activities. 

Tl»e security of the programs was protected not onlv by waivers 
of norm:il iidnniiistrative cnntrol?. but also hv a liigli Se'-Tf^v of com- 
panmentntion within the CIA. This compartmenlation excluded the 
CIA s Medical Staff from the principal research and testhjg program 
employing chemical and biological agents. 

It also may have led to agencv policymakers receiving differing 
and inconsiMcnt resr»onscs when they posed questions to the CIA 
compnneni involved, 

Juri^^iction.il uncertainty within the CIA was matched bv juris^ 

dirtional conflin among the various intelligence nirencies. A spirit of 
cooperation an<I reciptrx-al exchanges of infonnation which initiallr 
rharueterized tlip programs di^iapi>e;ired. Mililarv testers withheld in- 
lormatjon from the CIA, ignorinj: fugircstions for coordination from 
' Their superiors. The CIA simih»rly l.uM to provide infortnation to 
the niilifikr> on the CI.\ s testing program. This failure to cooperate 
was eonspiruously manifested in an aneinpt by the Army to conceal 

*riA iTjflpoeiorfipaeraV^Surre.TofTSn. lP!i7, p. n7. 

•* On .laiinarT '■, 3fK'p?t Mr Ilar/^lrt Bljiuer iU»^ of rJrrubterT ColJ^p*^ ind brart 
fniUiTr fnlhiwins an intntrrnnu* InjfctioTi Of a synUiftic m«enlmp d*r|v«tlr^ 
FhJir a *Ti^Jor! of fe»t* /Y^nrtueT*^ hr New Ynrk Snte r*.rchiafrtc In^Hfui^ undpr 
■ onirnrt Wi hy thp VS. Armr Cliemicni Cot\^ Th* Commitrf*'s Inv^MiMtiia 
inTn(lni;:lr>^nnc t"v r.g imeni^ea.T -ip^reie* feeii^ednn thp testinp of LSD. hMr- 
ev^r. tbe ci^cimifTw^ did riv*ice i rorv of tbe V.S. Aruir In*i>«-Tfir Geaer^il's 
R^T'^rt. h'juoit fQ r>cti^'*r 3075, OH thp events ftort cireuiD^raDrt't ef Mr Bliuer's 
doQih ln^ cl*ath «■»* dirt'ctlj ttributaWe to Zht idmimitriClOQ of me iraibeiie 
me-icnlinf derh'ativp. 



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67 
387 

their overseas testing profiram. which included surreptitious tdmin- 
isJration of LSD, from tlie CIA- Learning of the Army's program, 
the A^CLicy 5urre|>litiou5ly attempted to obtain details of it. 

TikO-^Iccision to institute one of the Army's I*SD fieJd testing projects 
had l>?eiibaf^d,at Ica^t in part, on the finding that no long-t^rm resid- 
ual effects had ever rcsuJled from the drufrs administration. The 
CIA's failure to inform the Armj^ of a death which resulted from the 
surreptitiousadministrationofL^D to unwitting Americans, may well 

hft\"e resulted in the institution of an unnecessary' and potentially lethal 
propram. 

"Die development, testing, and use of ch- "Ncal and biological agents 
by intelligence agencies raises serious questions about the relationship 
between the intcUifrcnce community and forei^pn governments, other 
agencies of l>je Federal Government, and other insTiiutions and in- 
du-iduats. The questions raised range from the lepiiimacy of American 
complicity in actions abroad which violate Americnn and foreign lawi 
to the po^ible compromise of the integrity of public and private insti- 
tutions used as cover by intelligence agencies. 

A, The P»ocR.uf& I.wtsticatid 

L Project CHATTER 

Project CHATTER was a Navy program that began in the fall of 
1S>47- Responding to repoHs of "amazing results" achiexed by the 
Soviets in using "trutli rlru^'s/' thi* program focused on the idenfifica- 
tion and ic-nng of. >uch dru;:^ for use in interrogations and in the 
recruitmei;-of agejn-. Tlie research included laboratory psperiments 
on anim.ils and nun: , ^ubjeotF involving Anahij.*:''S aphtfUc. scopola- 
mine, and rnescaline i-, ■>rder to determine their speech -inducing quali- 
ties. Overseas experiments were conducted as part of the project. 

The project expanded substantiallv during the Korean War. and 
ended shortly after the war, in 1953/ 

2. Project BLVEBIRD/ARTICBORE 

The earliest of the CIA's major proprams involving the use of 
chemical and biological agents. Project BLUEBIRD, was approved bv 
the Director in 1950, Its objectives were : 

(a) discovering means of conditioning personnel to pre\-ent 
unauthorized extraction of information from them bv known 
means* (b) investigating the posisibility of control of an in- 
divadual by application of special imeVrogation techniques, 
(c) memory- enhancement, and (d) establishing defensive 
means for preventing hostile control of Agency personnel/ 

As a result of interrogation-! conducted overseas during the proiect. 
arother goal was added— the evaluation of offensive uses of unconven- 

T:..nal interrogation teclmiquos, incluilin^; hvpno^is and drugs. In 

'-^iy??5P.''^ S^**? ^^^^"^^ ^^^ renamed ARTICliOKE. Project ARTI- 
CHOKE mcluded m-house expcriujents on interrognfion techniques, 
conducted '-under medical and security controls which would ensure 



2mri °^^^^^^^^^^ '** ^^ ^^'^ Cottiaiittee, "Behavioral Drurs and T«tlnf , 



VI 



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6b 

388 

that no dama;rr wrs done to individuals who volunteer for ihe experi- 
mrru.-i."' Oven-^ca: inTorropitioEs utilizing a combination of sodium 
ppniotljiil and lijj.nob^js aflt^i phvsicol and nsvchiatriceiaminationsof 
Ihr sulMiTts were also part of AKTICHOKE, 

Tho Ofiir<- of .^iontific In<**llipenc* (0,^J }, which studied scientific 
adviinrcsby hostile powers, iniliajlv Jed BLUEBIRD/ARTICHOKE 
efforts. III ]fl:»:?. overaU responsililiiv for ARTICHOKE was trans- 
Urrt'<\ from OSI to (he Inspection ai}d Security Office (lASO), pf*- 
dolr^s^»^ 10 the present Office of S^ecuriiy. The CIA's Technical Serv- 
ie.'s :ii>d MnJi. ;,1 Si;ifT?i wire 1o be caltpd upon as needed: OSl vould 
n-tain li;uwin fuTiriion wiih other government ajrencies.' The change 
in Ir^nderfhip i\ttm an iniellipenee unit to an operating unit appar- 
enilv rcHi'Ltod n rhanpe in emplinsis; from the study of actions by 
hnfhh- powrr? to th*> U5C, both for offensive and defensive purposes, 
of ?pi-ial inirrrogfttion tech ni<jue&— primarily hypnosis and truth 
s<'riinis. 

Rrpre^ntntives from each A^rencT unit involved in ARTICHOKE 
met ahnixf nKsnlhly lo discuss their pro^rress- These discussions in- 
cliid'-d tl^e pUniinns (if overseas interrogations* as well as funher 
e,\|irr iii}i'n':ihoj| in the V.S. 

Infnnnntior aMut project ARTICHOKE after the fall of 1953 
IS scriTvo, Tin- OlA lunintains that the project en.i.-d in 1956. but evi- 
dence ^M^-^cM- that Office f>f SecnrilY and Office of >Iedical Sen-ices 
use of "special interro^anon" techniques continued for several years 

thereafter. 

3. MKXAOMr 

MKXAOMT WHS another major CIA pro-rram in this area. In 1967, 
the CJA suminarizpd the pur|x>ses of MKXAOMl : 

(a) To provide for a covert support base to meet clandes- 
tine operational re<]uiremems. 

(b) To stockpile severely incapacitatinp and lethal ma- 
terials for the sjwcific use of TSD [Technical Sen-ices Di- 
vision], 

(c) To maintain jn operational readiness special and unique 
itenjs for the di&^mination of biological and chemical ma- 
terials. 

(d> To pronde for the required surveillance, tej^injr, up- 
pradinp, and evaluation of materials and items in order to 
a^^Tire absence of defpcts and complete predictabilitv of re- 
suh- to be expected under opemlional conditions.*' 
VndcT aT\ ^{rreemem reached ^ith the Armv in 195i>, the Snecial 
Operation?:^ Division (SOD) at Fort Detrick Vas to assist CIA in 
developinp, (esting:, and niainlainlng biological agents and delivery 

'Mr-DMtnnilnm ttfm En>*Tf T«THr. O/Dn/P !*> tb» A*ri»uni Depotr (In- 

^piTMrti) and ^ift'UTifjl andChipf nf thn Mt^liral Siaff, S'^S^S. 

'MomnraniliiTu fmm H. ^Inr-^hftt] Chi^rtti-nlT. A^^iMant Dire^rnr. Sri^ntlfle IntM' 
Ujrenf*, tn the Dernil.v PinvTmr/PlnTi* ^nnri •■P'^^'ert ARTICHOKE;" ^/7^/Z2^ 
"I'r^crp':* Hi'i.npT. Pr-^jf-rr AHTirnOKF: " 1/12/rO. 

M<*mr»ninrtiim frnm Phipf. TSD/Bi^lncirfll Brinrh to Chief. TSD "MKXAOMI t 
Fijndiiic n»»:p^tK**i. pr*1 Ac^*iT^nH*h"*nt^ '* trt/»^/AT o 1 F" ft fuUer dP'irrir>- 
Uon of MKNAOMI tnd the reUtionsbip bettrren CIA aod SOD, lee p. MO tt. 



^ *^ 



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69 
389 

Sst^ms. Bt this Agreement, CIA flcauired the knowled^, skill, and 
cililies oJ the Army to develop biological weapons suited for CIA 
use. 

SOD develo|>ed dnri^ coated with biolojpcal agents and pills con- 
taining several diiVrent biological agentft which could remain potent 
for weeks or niontlis. SOD also develoi»fd a sneci&l giin for firing 
darls coated with a chemical which could allow CIA agents to incapaci- 
tate a guard dog, enter an installation srcictly, and return the dog to 
consciousness when leaving. SOD scientists were unnble to develop 
a siniiiar incapncitant for human*;. SOD alwi physKalJy tranEferred 
to CIA personnel biologi<al agent- in "bulk"* form, and delivery 
devices, including some containing biological agents. 

In addition lo the CIAs interest in biological weapons for use 
agninst humans, it also asked SOD to study use of biological agents 
against crops and animals. In its 1967 memorandum, the CIA stated: 

Three methods and systems for carrying out a covert attack 
against crops and causing severe cmp k>=s have been devel- 
oped antl evaluated under field condition?. This was accom- 
plished in anticipation of a requirement which was later 
developed but was subsequently scrubU;d just prior to put- 
ting into action.** 

• MKyAOMI was terminated in 1070, On November 2ft. l?r.p. Presi- 
dent Nixon renounced ilie use of any form of Ijjological weapons that 
kill or incapariiaie and onlrri'd the di>|w>al of existing stocks of bac- 
teriological weapojis. OnKcbruarv 14. 1070, the President clarified the 
eiievif of his enijicr order and indicated that toxins— chemicals that 
an- not living organisms hut are produred bv living organisms — were 
conf^idered biological weajions suhjpct lo hi<= previous directive and 
were to be destroyed. Although instructed to relinquish control of 
material held for the CIA by SOT), n CIA scientist acquired approxi- 
matply 11 grams of shpllfi^h toxin from SOD personnel at Fort De- 
trick which were stored in a littleusrd CIA laboratorv where it went 
undetected for five years.** 

4^ MKVLTRA 

MKt J-TRA was the principal CIA program involving the research 
and devrlopmrnt of cliemical and biological agents. It was '*con- 
cernod with the roscrtrcl* and dcvplo|micnt of chemical, biological/and 
radii)logi.nl mLitirial> cap;d.le of enjplovment in clandestine oper- 
ations tocontrol human tkcliavior." " 

In January 107,1, MKKLTKA records weie destroyed bv Technical 
ServhTs Division Tier-onru-l ac-tiiir on ihc verbal ordiVs of Dr. Sitlnev 
Gt^tTlieh. Chief of TSD. Di. Gotilirh h-.i^ lestiticd, and former Direc- 
tor IIcfni?> has confirmed, that in otdi i in** thr record- desToved. Dr. 
Gonhch WPS carrying out tJie verbid oid*'r of tlirn DCI Helms. 

MKl LTKA l)egan with a projuiejl from the Apsistani Deputv 
DjHTtor for Plans. Richard JI. [jjis. to the DCL outlining a special 

^ Ibid. p. 2. 

^ J^rnatf Sdort Committer, !>/lfl/7.-. Hearinrs. Vo. 1, 
MtujoraniJum from the CJA lD*m"ctor General to the Director, T/2e/63. 



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70 

390 

fiiT- Wnn nitrhanism for hichlv sensitive CIA research and develoD- 
mcMt |.rnj<.rts (l.ni *l,idi(.<J the u-* of hiolopiral and chemical materials 
111 nil crni-: human Ix-liavior. The projerts involved: 

R(vi,-arch to develop a capabilifv in the covert use of bio- 
lo-^'iijil :.nd chonij.-itl mnirrinU. Thi-: ■.u-.\i irvolvfs the produc- 
tioii of various phy!:iol<i;:in.l condiiiims which could support 
prrsi'jil or fiinirc rlnnilcslin^ operations. Asidp from the of- 
fei.-^Mo l>oIe,H jal. tlio deiclopTuent of a comprehensive capa- 
l>.lilv lu thi- field of covert chemical and biolo-icnl warfare 
{:^M■^ ll^ a ilioroiij:Ii knowlcdj-e of the enemvs theoretical 
p..i.-iilinl. rh.is wmMinp u> tn d.-fc,id ourselves a^ainsf a foe 
i^lif. iiii-lii not W BF reslraii.ed in the use of these tech- 
niijiii's as Me are." 

MKI'LTRA WRS Improved hv the DCI on April 13. ir>53 alone the 
Iiiu - pt.,|.o^.d hv AlM)r Il.lm^. ^ 

Tiin of tlif raii.,iirile for Ihc eWabli^hmenf of this spe^inJ fiind- 
mw ""■■ '';"!>--;iL.Y2f Hs extreme s--n^ilivi(v. The Inspector General's 
s,,,v..v of MKt I,Ti;.V in yj,::; „„,ed the foIJowinp- reasons for this 



M-ii>]nvi(^ ' 



n. l,:-,Tnvh 11, '^ic nmiipulnlion of humnn behavior is con- 
pMir,..i l,v ni;i: . nitl.oniit-. in nicdicini' nnd related fields 
I.. U piof,-.^!.,. ,;i ,ini-fhi.,il. theipf..fe the reputation of 
|iM>r.-M..„nl p:,n w,p:,nis ii, ih<- MKn.Tn.V.pro;iram are on 
orcn-ioii in u>.ip:irilv. 

. '',."^!'"." VlKn.TKA acrivitios raise niieslions of leffalitv 

liiili'i'il III till- iiri:riri;ilc)i;incr. " 
c. A fii.:.l pl,;w. of the i,..tinc of MKIXTRA products 

' ;,"V.'r ^'r t "'"' '"'■^'■^''^ °f !■■?=■ <-i'i"-"- in ieopardv. 
(J. 1 II >Ji.-.h-^<h,-iiicof .-..tiiea=iwisof >mrLTI{\ activ. 
>tv could indi(|r serin-i, advcr-e rciiction in V.S. public 
opniion n.^ «,.II n. slimuhl.- offensive and d..fe,i.sive action 
Hi Un> held ,.,. flie i,:,n „f fnivi^.Ti inteltipeiK'C scT\ices.'= 
O,..,. Ihc i.-u.ve.,r iir,- of ih, pr.>;:niin. manv '-addilional avenues to 
jhe con,,.,l „f ,„„,,:„, lvh,.,vior" «c,v dcsi^-nnted as HT propri" e fo^ 
nne. ,:r.,,,,n undyrthcAlKl-LTKA ch^mcr T].esc inc^ K^^^^^^^^ 
h ; ';;:i.";'""T ?'''^ ?^ P'vcI,o]o,,v p..ychiatrv. sociolo.^-. s 

The iv-.M,-.'!, :,,„i ,i,.vrIopmci,i of materials t.^ Ik. use,! for nlferin" 

; "i ' u t':;. ,"%""'"'^'7' "^ ""'T ■;'?-- «-'■ "«■ -«-'■ ?--"•: 

hm'^n. ■■ ■'"' '''"''■= ^•'■"'"'- '"■'"'■^'"•n- teslin;: on volnnt.in- 

of A Kl i.\U.\ m:il.n:il*inn<.nii.inifescltin"= 

■.ir-„'."eT,'V,,' '".'■, '""^'■!'\!n^'"HnI. «-a« cnndiictcd throu.-l, sfnndin- 
ho iTl J , ""''/;"V^'>r'^ in ..rivcr>iiies. phannaccmical house.-% 
""''"'■'''-_" ""' "'"' ''•"'""l institutions, and private r«.'arch orpini- 



MORI DocID: 163357 






71 
391 

rations. Tlie anniinl pranfs of furds to these specialists were mftde 
vivUr osten^ihk n-sonri-li foun.)n(ioii auspices, (hereby concenlinir the 
tlAs inteiiist from tlio spc'ai(=t'E institution 

The next pl.n^- of the MKI'LTRA propram involved phvsicians, 
toxicoloi'isis and other sperialists in mental, narcotics, and " peneral 
hospitals, and in prison.-;, t ttlizinp the products and find in f^ of the 
ba.^' n-rarch phase, they condi.rlod intensive tests on human subiecLs 
One of the fim studies was conducted by the \ational Institute of 
-Mcnra Il.ahh. Tins stitdv was intend.-<l to test various drugs inrlnd- 
in- ],allii,ir,<,-en„s. at the NIMH Addiction Research Center in Lex- 
iufn..ii. K,.,iri.,kv. The ■■I>-xini'u,n I{e]i»bililaiion Center." a.s it was 
tl.e.i call..!, wa-s a prison for dm;.- addicts serving sentences fur dnic 

Til,. Tesi M.l.iecis wen- vnlut.tcrr prisoners who. after takiu" a brief 
pliysiraleN:uiniialnjn and sijruiut'njrenera! consent form, were admin- 
isleird haMurinop.nic dnips. A« a reward for participation in the 
pro::rani. fJic ad.Ii.'i* were provi.lod with the dnie of their addiction 

Tk c T'"; ""'' '*/,"-'; "'^"■'■'"l^ '"'■■f' i" the MkTLTRA nr^p,-am! 
The final pli.as. of L.s]) ,psr,np involve,! surremitious administration 
to iinniitinff nonvohinleer sithie.is in norma! life settin"<= bv under- 
cover odirers of tJie Rntraii of Xnrcolics acfin" for the CI K 

The ralionalo for such testing «as "(hat lestinir of materi'ais under 
accepiod scirntifi.- MTK-oduiT-s fails to disclose the full pattern of reac- 
tions and attnliiiiions that mav occur in ojierational situations"" 

Accoidiii-r to lb,. CIA. the advantajre of the relationship with the 
Bureau was that ' 

test siilijvcis.'onld Ih-s-iu^'Iit and crdtivatcl within the scttin" 
of n;iivoti.s .-oulrol. .Sim.> suLi'^ili* hiive U-eu infonners o" 
mi'iiil-r- of siisiwi-i irintiiiat eJeNicnIs from whom the JHu- 
i|-;ni of Nii[v.,;i,il ],:,;; ,,|,r:iiivd res'dtc of oi.f^ral ional value 
throii-ii the ti-sr>. 0„ tl„ ofl.fr ha >.,J. ffi, eff.rfh; wx of the 
sii .■■.(.,>,■•, X oir h.d:r:,!„.,7s „i nil for!.,? Ttrth. hioh a->}d' ?oir 
tjot.r. .-1 „„,-,>«„ „„./ fon.-f,... h of Qrfat i!g,.;fra,.cr and 
tf/^/o.'/ h.,y h, , „ ;„ ,■[,„•,.>, if ,.,. o r>tr:,fv of !„<fh-;,iuah u-;th;n 

TMsrcittgorioi. | Knlplla.si^added.] '* 

A sp.ci.Tl pr.--.dnr,.. des^-iMled .MKDFl.TA. wns es'alilished (o 
?..<.-in th<. uw- of MKn.TI.'A tnaleii.-.ls al-.o -d .«...!, materials were 
"js.,1 on n numlnr of oer-asions. Hecau^c MkTLTH.V record* weif 
i,,;'',?;^'; " "= "ii't"«*.|,I,. tn re.-on=' nu-i the oi.cnitinnal use of 
,1 . .1 maleiial.. hv the CIA overseas: it has Iwen dclrnnined 

nial tl.e .!=,■ of ih.M. nhilenaK abroad lw;r;ni ju 1?:.:!. and possihU a= 
f*nriv as i"-»t", * 

^I^'^-V''Vr'^''V;„'l?^'^ '^'"'■*'^^'> ^^ «» «^^ »<> intrrro-ntion.. hut 
Mi\\ \'\u.\ y\\\\nAT\ mnli-ri?i]^ \\i-\^ ^\<rt utrrl fnr }»nr':i«nirnl 

Hr^-n'.Ijrin;5, oralis;,! J, TL;-|>nTi.n^('s.AiVimnT»LMi>nTU»i^pei^r,rnrn 
Nrrvrv of ihr T<'Hi»nr:»l Snvirrs l)ivi^io»i f*f f},,- 01 \ in lO'iT^nii 
i]i^I..rt](m ivlnrit Av\ nnr .liH-oxvr rlir >rKrLTK \. nrojoof involvinc 
ti>c- ^nrrr|> rKion> niliiniuM ration of LSD to unwiriinp, iionvoluniprr 

*/tirf.pp, 11-12, 



MORI DocID: 163357 





72 

392 

subjects — the CIA hart developed six dru^ for openUion&l use tnd 
tliey hod been used in six diflerent operations on KtotBl of thirty-three 
subjfvts." By 19G''l the number of opermtions tnd subjects had in- 
creaseil su1>5(entially. 

In the spring of 1663, durinp a wide-ranpin^ Inspector General 
survey of the leclmJcnl Services Division, a meniber of the Inspector 
GeiH^rals staff, John Vanct^, leanied about MKl'LTRA and about 
tin- projpcl involving the surreptitious administration of l^SD to un- 
witting, nonvoluntary human subjects. As a resulr of the discovert' 
and the Inspector Gcneralfi subsoqurnt report, this testing was hahe^ 
and much tiphtcr administrative controls wrrr inipo^ied on the pro- 
g:ranL According: lo the CIA, the project was decjvasod sipnificantly 
eacl* budget year until its complete termination in tlic late 1960s. 

5- TAr Tcsttng of LSD hy the Arnty 

Tliere were three major phases in the Army's testinpof LSR In the 
first- L.SD wa* adminislored to mori.- than LCMJO American soldiers who 
volunteered to be subjeris in chemical warfare experiments. In the 
second phase. Material Testinp Progrnm EA lT2f>, Dj volunteers re- 
ceived LSI) in clinical eiprnmenls de&i^med to evaluate potential 
inti'lli^i^nce uses of Ihc dnip. In thc» third phase. Projects THIRD 
CHANCK a)id DKRIIV HAT, IC unwitiinp nonvohinteer subjects 
were interi'oguted ofier receiving LSI) as part of opei-ational field 
tests. 

B, CIA DavG Testing Programs 

J. The Ratlonah forthf Testing ProgramJi 

Thp late 1940s and early IPjOs were marked bv concern over 
the throat no^d by thr aclivitics of the Soviet TniniK tlie People's 
Rrpublic oi China, and other Conmiuni<it bloc countries, t'nitcd States 
concern over the u?!rof chemiral and binlopiral apentsby these powers 
was acute. The belief that hostile powers had used chemical and bio- 
lexical apentsin interropaiions. brainwashinp, and in attacks designed 
lo hara^:^, disable, or kill Allied personnel created considerable pres- 
sure for a '"defensive" program to investigate chemical and biobpical 
apfuts Fo that the intellipence community could understand the mech- 
anisms by which tliese substances worke<] and how their effects could 
bt*defealrdJ' 

Of particular concern was the dnip LSD. The CIA had received 
reports that lite Soviet Union was enpaped in intensive efforts to pro- 
duce LSD: and that the Soviet Vnion had attempted to purchase the 
^orlds supply of the chemicnl. As one CIA officer who was deeply 
involved in work with *his drup described the climate of the times: 
"[It] is awfully hard in this day and api' to reproduce how friphteninp 
all of lliisirasto us at the time, particularly after the drup scene has 
become as widespread and as knowledpeabh'* in this country as it did. 
I3ur we wen- lit L'liilly terrified, because tli is was the oite material that we 



IT 
11 




/frirf, 1ft". |i 20J. 

TUw-^ an 'tl!Bi-<'r Jn the OfflM* of S^Turirv of the riA fttfi'*^' r ilir '"urp^nry of 
i\\if dJ^mverj of Inliniiiiies and mfHiml MjjiI iiould |»Prmir .^ur ji^ryDnnpl, In tli** 
fvpiif ijf tbfir captun- t»T rht* *Tieni>. to resist or dotrat eneiuj' Inierroiatlon " 




MORI DocID: 163357 






393 

hi5«i"'t ^''^''"^''^ oricitotion soon became secondary Chemical .nH 



1* 







! 



MORI DocID: 163357 





394 

Altliou;:!i thf CIA rpcofmizpd ihv^ rff^Tls of 1>I> to unwiuingin- 
dividiiiil? wiihiji llic Uniied StuU-^. ifi"_- prujcui contijiuod."' As the 
l)q>uTy iJirpcior for PJanp, Ricliard Hi-lni^, vvroic liie Dejuity Dirtc- 
tor ofVontral Inlolli^pm-t during; disi-ussions which Jed lo liit cessa- 
tion of unwilling testing : 

"While 1 share your uneasiness and disUste for any pro- 
^VMn wliicii it'nda to inlrudr upi>n an individuars private 
and legal j>r<.ro;:atiM's>, I Uliivt ir is m'ce=i;»rv tJiat ihc 
A^i'iicy nimntain a i_'ejitn*l vo\ki in this activity, keep current 
oi» enemy eapiLhiliclcs the nionipulalion of iiurnan beliavior, 
and niajutiiin an olU-nsive eapahihiy,-^ 

Thori' wrrr no a! t lui] n t tn secure approval for the most controversial 
aspiMt* of ilieM' propiams from the executive brancli or Congi^ss. 
Thi' n:ttun? and extent of the pio^'ranis were clowly held seciTis: even 
iKl McCone was not hrii-fed on all the details of the pro;;iarn in- 
^ohinc thf snrreptitious administration of LSD until 196J. It was 
diTiiii-d niiperjjtive thai tliese proprams be concealed fi"om the Ameri- 
can peopli". As the t'lA'^ Inj'iH-cior Gi-neral wrote in HOT: 

Precautions must be taken not only to protect operations 
fnmi ea;pO'>ur(* to enciuy forces but also to conceal these ac- 

tivuics frfpm the Aim^rican public in pcnt^ral. The knowledge 
tliat tlie Ajfi'ucy Js en;:a;rinir in unethical and illic'ii activities 
would havi' serious report-ii^sions in |>oliii<^al and diplomatic 
circles aiul wmiKl U* del rt menial to Ijjt' acroniplislinkent 
of it- niiztfion.'* 

2. Thi D.ath of Dr. Fmnk OUor\ 

Thr most ii!j;:ir re-ult of ihe festinc of LSP bv the CIA wa*^ ihe 

dpiUh nf 1 Jr. Frank (Hmhi, a civil i;in emf^lovrp of X\\\- Army, who died 
oil Novt»inU'r J7, H*'*:;. Hi- de^itli foll<iwnl )ns part icipjit ion in a CIA 
expi*iimont wiili \j^\\. A> ]>ail of this experiment. <>N<ui unwjtlinply 
reiciv*Ml a|>]iro\iTiiLn<»ly "i* iiiirropratn^ of LSI > in a ^\\\^^ of Coinireini 
lie ilnink oTi Nii\i'nilH*r Jl*. Vy.*.\. 1hr dru;: had U^n phi-nl in tlie iKJttle 
by a CIA oftirrr, J>r\ Kol-Tt Lnshhri>ok, as part of an exiicnmcnt 
\\y- \\x\\\ \\\\ Sidm'_\ G^l^he^ pt-rforiunl at a uu-itin;: of Army and 
V\\ s.'ifnti^t^. 

SJionly afti'r thi-^ experiment. 01>*>n rvhihitiHl fvmniotjs^ of para- 
ng >in iiTid si'hi/nphrrnia. A<'i*orijpanied b\ 1 *r. I^;rhlinK>k. OKon soiipht 
l'^>■ ]ii:itji'- ;i>7*i-nni'r in Nvw ^"ork City fmin a physirian, 1)k Harold 
Ahr;ujiM-rj. wbo-i^ n'M';urh on LSH h:ul Urn fuiidt-i! iml'itirtly by 
thr CIA, W?iilr ill Xrw Voik for trcatin'^iu. (>i=ion frll to \\\% death 
fp.hj XI tvi.tlisrorvwin.lcjw \\\ (h.> SiatlrT'H.itrl. 



J 
\ 




Tv^n rliirinc the dE=' n**ion^ wMrh |*^ to th** ffrminnrlnn of itip uti'N'ittinc 
te-'TjiiL" rlir lU'l' Oini'Hl d-'un \\w ojifjkTi nf linUinc *tnrl] ff^t* niTlmi Uii- t'R. 
onO i''>jiTiiiijim: xWxw n^ro^nl di— tiiip Ihr fnri Hinr Ww Tpihiiii'.'i! SiTvir-ff* Pid- 

h:i[l r.-ii:i,-l in "niiikiiii: i\\\ irT'r.tiFini* niiriJ.r i*r f">Triini jiritiMrmN witrinp Of 
n'lr T*'\\' iu \\\\' viT> >''ii'-iTin' :n'rn iiv " i M^'itiiTJiMlitir] ^►r t h'' PrimTr OiTPctdr 



MORI DocID: 163357 




t 





75 
395 

a. Bathground, — Olson, an expert in aerobiology who was assigned 
to the special Oi)enilion5 Division (SOD) of the U.S. Army Biolog- 
ical Center at Camp Detrlck, Maryland. Tiii^ Division tiad three 
primary" functions: 

(1) assessing the vulnerability of American installations 
to biological o-ttack ; 

(2) developing techniques for offensive use of biological 
weapons; and 

(3) biological research for the CI A."= 

Professionally, Olson was well respected by his colleagues in both 
the Army and ihc CIA. Colonel Vincciit Huwet, Olson's immediate 
superior at Hil' tiini- of hi^ diuth. wfia in almost diiily contact with 
Olron. According; to Colonel Hmvot : *'As a professional man . . . his 
ability . » . was oul^tiUidi^g." ■■■ Colonul Kuwet stated that '^during 
the peiio<l prior to the e\i>erin>cfH ... I noticed nothing which 
woulcl lead mv to "believe that he was of un*iound mind." " Dr. Lash' 
broolc, who had monthly conlaots with Olson from early 1^52 until 
thi- time of his death, staled publicly that before Olson received LSD, 

'Sis far as I know, he was piTfectly normal." " Thi* assessment is in 
direct contradiction to certain statements evaluating Olsons emo- 
tional stability made in CIA internal memoranda written after 
Olson's death. 

b. Thi: Ejinfinii tit, — On Noveniber 18. 19j3, a proup of ten scien- 
tists from the CIA ami Camp IX'trick otteniled a semi-annual review 
and analysis conferenci- at a cabin located at Deep Creek Lake, Mary- 
land. TJiree of the paMicipanis were from the ClA 6 Technical Serv- 
ices Staff. The Detrick representatives wen' all from the Special 
Operations Division. 

Acconling to one CIA official, the Special Operations Division 
participants "a^neeil that an unwitting experiment would be 
desirable." '^ This account directly conliadicts Vincent Ruwets recol- 
lection. Ruwet recalls no such dif^i'ussion- and has asserted that he 
would remember any such <li^cussiorl Wause the SOD participants 
would have si i-enuouFly objectefl to te>iinc on unwitting subjects- '^ 

In May. VXCK, Richard Helm?, .Vs^istant DDP. held a staff meepnp 
which the Chief of Technical St^rviccs Staff nltended. At this meeting 
Holms "Jndicateii that the ilni;: [LSD] was dynamite an<l that he 
shonlil be advisej at all times when it was intended to use it."" In 
afldiiion, the theji DDP, Frank Wisner, sent a memorandum to TSS 
statinp the requirement that the DDI' [K-rsonally approve the use of 
LSD. Gottlieb went ahead with the ex|K?rimcnt," securing the ap- 

'MefDonndum of Col. Vlnreoi Ruwet. To Whom It M**r Cone^m, no d»t*. 



p.?. 



■ Buwet Memorindua], p 3 



'Joseph B. Trea*tfr. A>K- Ynrl r»mr*. 7/lP/7f>. p. I, 
■ Mptnornrnlum fur the R#Mv>r<f frojii T.Tman Klrkp; 



alrirk. IT/l/M. p 1. 
. .. . _ . .. r». a 
•liL^in-clnrGeri^nl Iiiury, I2'iv:^, 

■■/''^rf. Pr Gotr]»'ih hne ie*:fifi<'4l ttiof he drw* nftt rMiM-mtt^r Hfher the meerinp 

with IJflnis Ti-'t Thi" Wi>ner mi-nioranduiil- (GotTlieh. ]0/l,\'75, p. 16 I 



MORI DOGID: 163357 






7G 

396 

proval of his Jmniodialc snixrvisor. Neither thp Chi**f of TSS nor 
the DnP pporificiilly auiliorizcd ilu^ exj*cnn)rni in wliiuh I>r, Ol&on 
particii)ntcd.'* 

Accordinp in Gottlieb-** a "very small dom" of LSI) was placed in 
ft bonk' of Coiiititau which was scr\f^ afur diniior on Tliuredav, 
NovenibtT H*. The drup was pliici^il in tlji- liqueur bv Robert LgshK- 
brook. All but two of the SOI> panicipanis rec^ivt»d L*SD. One did 
not drink; tin; otiicr had a heart condition,'' Al^out twenty minutes 
after they fiiiL:^]ied tlieir Coinlreau. Goilhvb iiifonnej the other par- 
tit'ip;int->lhiif they h:\Oi reioived l**^!). 

Dr. Gndlieli stated that "up to the lime of the experiment " he 
observed nothing: unusual in Ol^onV Whjvior,^"' Ojkv the esprriment 
was underway. Gottlieb recalled that nhe drug had a definite effect on 
the^Toup to the point that tliey wen- boisterous and Jau^hinp and ihev 
could not continue the meeting or engapp in sensible coneersation,^' 
Tlie meeiin;* continued until about 1:00 a.m., when the participants 
retired for the evening. Gottlieb recalled that Olson, among others, 
complained of "wakefulness" during the nicht-" According to Gottlieb 
on Friday morninp *'aside from sontc evic^nce of fniipie, I observed 
nothing unu-ual in [Olson's] actions, conversation, or general be- 
havior."" Kuwct recalls that Olson '^appeared to be aritated" at 
breakfast, but that he "did not consider ihi^ to be abnornml under the 
circunijtanres." *" 

r. T/t< Tnafm' t\t. — The following Monday. November l*3, Olson 
was waiting for Ruwet when he came in to work at 7:-^) a,m. For the 
next two (hiys Olson's friends and family attempted to reassure him' 
and help hiri^ '*=^nap out" of what appeared to hr a serious depression. 
On Tne?^day, Olson again came to Kuwrt and. aflir an liour lon;^ con- 

•Dr. CH»niipl» t«*?hfli»(I Uiat "fiten the infnrm.iiion we kn^w up to tbis time. 
aiHl Na^od on a I*»t of mir oi\n wlf ndmini'irratjrtn. we ih/iucht li wis m Tairlj- 
benipn *ul»iani^ in lerms ^-f I'oiiNtinl harm." This i^ in omiBiit ii"t only with Mr, 
IIfLnl^' »if.-i1t'mt*Dt ImiI qUii uiih ojai'TJitJ ubirlj hud \ytrvu tiupiiUiil lu tUe Tfdmlcat 
Ker^i'P'; SiufT. In one I.mc m^-miirjuilmi] on rurrent resfjnh wiTh LSD nhicb 
w»s su|>niied fo Ts>I». Hfnry lleeoh^r de^rrn*eil ihe doTLiri-rs iriTalveO with Furh 
rewarcb in a prophetif manner "Thi' fteotod ren*nn lo dnulu Professor Rothland 
oiiiii" whi'ii ] rui^eil Tlie gueMiOu as lo an> arcident.* whltli hoU »men from 
tbe um- flf L;^|>-1!;( lie s;jid in ■ very iM**ith> wiy, iK^oe/ kv li turned out 
thi<^ nn>tver e<>uUl In" ealU-d orerly positive, fur later on in t\w eveninc I wo;* 
di'^''U>>inc rhe mairrr witl* I»r W, A, SrnhJ- Jr.. a |'*yehlatn*t in BleuIera'T* 
Oinir in Znnrh where I hod ennt- at R-^ihlund* InnMenre, Stohl, when aske^l 
fhr h.inie qiie^ijoii, re[ilLed. 'j^^S and added ^[•oniaiieou>ly. 'there in a ca*te 
Profohrir R'^niKind knnns al-'iui. Jn Geneva a ^tllnla]| phyMciaii whi> bad L>een 
sultjf*-t til de|>ro<^irin Xn 9mj\w exieni f'vik LRP-l*" in an esi*erinieDt and became 
Sfvf»pi"]y diid huddi-nly di^re-'^^ed and oomiulrted unindr three week* later. 
Whilf ilie oniitipri ion i^ no( dt-liiiiie. rmuiutni knnuJed;:!' of Ihi^ (vntld linrdly 
bale nll-.wfd rhe p-iwiTiv** sJati'meni R*fihhind iieriiiJUeU himself. Thi-* ra»e is 
a uanUriL- tn U!« to avoid enfiii:mc >uhji-i-r>^ nh^t nre de]>reKs>^l. or nh<* \va\'- L-ev^u 
MjI'itTT iiP doi-ri^»^ion."" Pr <i..iilleh lestifieil ihar he had nn rei cdleciti'ii of 
either the ri'|iin or that iwniiiilar w-ciion nf W. iSidnej Gi»lilipt» te>fim(m\ 
10 Kf/T:.. |i 7S.> 

"•-Mpm-^randum of Sheffield Edwjrd-* fnr the record, 11/2^/5^. p. 2. 

"^ I«i«hl'rHHik * isfafT ^iimnmry ^. T.i;*. 7,V p. 3 

•^'noUlifhMenionniduna. 12'T/M \'. i;. 

'■Kdrtftrd,'i ineiiu^nndnm. ll'lJN r»3. p 3. 

■f^^iFTheb niem'ifanduni. l2'T/rfc3. |i 3. 

*^ Ruwei Eueniur'^ndunJ. p. 3^ 



MORI DocID: 163357 





it 




397 

versation, it was decided tliat medical assistance for l>r- Olson was 
deMrable.'^ 

Ruwel then calJe^l Lashbrook and informed him that "Dr. Olson 
was in serious trouble Dndneedpd immeiliote professional attention." •' 
Lashbrook aprei-d to make appropriate ai ranfrements and told Ruwet 
(o bnng Olson to Washington. I>.C. Ruwet and Olson procwded to 
nashjjipton to meet with Lashbrook, and the three left for New York 
at about 2:30 p.m. to meet with Dr, Harold Abramson, 

At that tune Dr. Abramson was an allerpisi and immunolocist 
practioin^' medicine m New York City. He held no degree in psvchia- 
try, but ^aii ai-.Hiaicd wuh resvHicb projects supported indirectly 
by the CIA. nnnh.b and Dr. I-ashbrook both followed his work closelv 
m the e;irl^ lU.'-os.^^ -Since Ol^w.n needled m.^diml Jielp. thev turned to 
Dr. Abramson as the doctor closest to Washington who was experi- 
enced with L^D and cleared by vlie CIA, 

Ruwpt^ I^ishl.nrf-k.nnd 01s<>n remniiied in New York fortwodavsof 
consultafjonp wjib Ahnimson. On Thursday, November 56, 1953 the 
three fli u bnck lo M'H>hini:fon so tliai OI?on muld speuil ThanksMrinir 
with hi^ fjuuily. En mutt- from the airpon Olson lold Ruwet thai he 
waj= f>lr:iid to face liis family. After a Icnprhv discussion, it wa^ de- 
nifed (jjat Ol.snn and I.nshlirn->k «ould return lo New York. And that 
Ruuet w-iuld ^'o t<> Fn-d.'ri;k to piiihiiii thfSi- events to Mr- Olson *• 

L:i^-hhrr.,,k imJ OImiii flru bark to N.'« York the same ihiv, acain 
fi^r riiUMiJratMjj^ wuli Abr:inison. Thev spent Thursdav ni^ht in a 
I-o7iir U\-.n^^\ ho(f»I ;uid lln' ncxt niorninp returned lo t>ie cilv with 
Ahram^on. In furthi-r dis-^u.-sions wiih Ahranwm- if was acreed 
that t:)l>on f^hniild be phirtd under rpi:uljr p5\chiatric care at an 
inMjimjr»n clo-iT lo his hon«-r " - 

d. TJn /'v'M-— Recau^- they rouM not obtain air transportation for 
a reiuni tr:p r>r, Friday nipht. Lasl.hrook and Olson made reservations 
for >:itiird:iy rnoinin- and clicked into the Sta(Kr Hotel. Between 
ho t,n,r tliPy chcrki^i in and IOmK* p.n^; ihey watched television, 
MMted the r.>. ki^iiMounpi^ whrrv each had two martinis, and dinner 
Accon inp to f^.h .n.>k. lUson -wa. cheerful and appeared to enjov 
the ei^tenainnunt. f?v *»aj»]K^an^d no lonper p^irticuVin- depn^sfid, 
and almost the Dr. OUon I knew prior to the experiment."" 

After A\\\\wi' I^Tshhn^k and Olron wnti hed televij^irm for about 
an hnur. and at 11 mKL CH^on su^^rps.od that thev po In bed. savinp that 
,'^^/*'"-I'*".^./*'l'>:»*«I ni"l conlLnfed than he }»ad sin-e [thevl came 
n Nrw -^ j.rk. • Oj^on tlx n Irfr h call with the hotel otH'r^.tor'tn wake 
^em in the inorniniT. At approximntelv 2^<s a.m. Saiurdav. Novem- 
ber :.^. J,^shb^ook was awakened by a lond "crash of plass/" In his 

7\}Ta ""V ''r^X'T:^ »}'' ^f^>^^^l «"Vv that 01^>n "had crashed ihroiiph 
t)ie rJosi ft wmdnw blind and theclos-d window and he fell lo his death 
irom thf W indow of our room on the lOrh fli.ior."«< 

^ Siaff snmmarj- of Ur Han>lU .\hrauiMii: Jnt^nl^B-, 7/2»'75, p 2 

Al»r<m*rin mpai<»r.'ii](1um. XZ.A'T^ 

••l-.i.^h6ro<»li meinnrandulu, 12/7/33 d 3 



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>^ 



w 




78 
39S 

lmn»rd:airly after findjjip ihat Olson had leapt to his death, Lash- 
bniok it'lcj^Iioned (iottlii-K M Jus homr ai»d informed him of Xhf in- 
cident.'* Gottlieb called Ruwef and informed liim of Olsons death 
at approximately 2 ;4r> a.m." Lflshbrook then cnlled the hotel desk 
and reported the incident to the operator there. I^shbrook called 
Abranison and informed him of the occurrence. Abram=on told Ijash- 
brook he "wanted to be kept out of the thinp completelv/' but later 
chanppd his mind and jiyreed to assist Lashbrook.*^ 

Shortly thereafter. i)nifi>rmed police officers and some hotel em- 

Eloyeescanje tn Lasj|})rook's r^fom. I„ishl>rook toM the police be didn't 
now why Olson Imtl committed suicide, but he did know thai Olson 
"suffered from ulcers." " 

e. Th* Aftet-m^th. — Following Dr. 01son> death, the CIA made 
a su^tantial etfort to ensure tliat his family received death benefits, 
but di*l not notify the Olsons of the circumstances surrounding his 
demise. The Apency nlso made considerable elforts to prevent the 
death liein<! connected with the CIA. an*! supplied complete cover for 
Lathht-ook so that his association witlj the CiA would remain a secret. 

After Dr. Olson's iV'iwh the CJA conducird an internal investiga- 
tion of the incident. As i>ail of his resj*onsibilitie> in this invpsti^'a- 
tioii, (he ficuenil Omnsel wrote the Insi>erior (lejieral. statinp: 

Tm nnt hrti>py with what seem? (o be a very casual attitude 
on tlje part of TSS ri-j>n-scntiitive^ to tin- way tliis rx|>eri- 
njrnt was romlmlrd jind the renjark? thai fhi^'is just one of 
ihi- risks runnin;; with scirntitic exiH^imontiition. I do not 
eliminate the need for taking risk?, hit I dn lielieve, espe- 
cially when human health or life is at slake, that at least the 
prudent, reasonnhle measures whirh vKw W taken to mini- 
njizetlie risk must Iw taken and faihjn' (o do so was culpable 
nefflipcncr. The actions of ibr various individuals concerned 
aftereffects of the exiwrimejif on Dr. Olson i>erame manifest 
also revtaled the failure to obs<'rve normal and reasonable 
precautions.'^* 



1 



As a result of the investigation DTI AUen Dulles sent a personal 
etter to the Chief of Technical Operations of Hip Technical Services 



St.-jtT who had approved the vxi>erim<'nl crilicitinp him for "poor 
i>[ciir,iTent ... in authorizin:: t)»' use of this dru*ron sin^h no unwjttirr/r 
^ baMs and wiihout nroxinnUt' me[h,'al .'ia f.'pnn rd^." '"^ Dulles al*io sent 
, a letter to Dr. f^nttlieb. Chief of tlje Cheuiiral Division of the Tech- 
nical -Services Staff, rriticizinc ^\m for recnnimendin^ the *Mnw«tinp 
apphcalioit of the dni;r" in that the nroi>o.-.al "diH not pive sufficient 
emphasis for medical collaboration and for the proin-r consideration 
of the riphisof the individual to wljoni if was beinir adminisrere<l.'" " 

T\\ FlHfl Offlrp Rppnrf , 12 '3/:;3, p 3. 
"HiiwPT ^leni'irnnrtiim. p. 11 

, ■■ r^^ y\^u\ offli p Kej-^vi. 12/3/M. p 3. 

' VM>-iimrntic1iim from thoGAripral ronn-iel tothr Tnvfierliir G^ntral, ^/^/54. 
M<'m'.rjM"liin^ frmi. fH"! , i Thiif, T#v*tini.-ti Ol^emf i-.Jis. l^yi. 2'12'W. 
^Mi'innrntntimi from UC\ %o Rjj^ii'v G'trrljH-. 2'12 '"4. 



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79 
399 

Thf leUere v^re hand carrieil 1o the individuals to be read and 

returned, Allliouirli tlio li'lti-r-s wen- criti'-al. a nut*- fi-oni the Deputy 
Director of Central Intelli;,'e]icf to Mr. Ht^lni> instructed Jiim to in- 
form Iho individuRls that : "Tliesc arc not I'epnniands and no person- 
nel file nolniion an- being made,'" " 

Tlius, altJiough the Rockpfrllcr C<»nimission has characterized them 
as such, these nofos wpi'e explicitly jioi rejiriniands. Nor did participa- 
tion in the events whirli led to Dr. ()I>oirs dciith liave any ;i|"parenl 
effri't on the advanoeninit wiihin tin- C"J A of tin- individuals involved. 

X The SuiTepftf^'outi Adtnhi/.--fr/7f,'oi' of LSl> to Unwiftifi^ Xon- 
Vofunteir Human Subjrcftt by ffi( CIA Afftr the Death of Dr. 
Ohon 

Thr death of Dr. Ol.son could W viewed, as some arpn.d at the time, 
as a tnigic accident, one of thr ri*^k& inlierrnt in the testing: of new sub- 
staniTi. It miifht l>e ar^riicvl thai LSJ* \ras thoiipiit lo lie beni<rn. 
After llie death of l)i'. Olsor^ the dan^t j> «f tlie sum^ptitions admin- 
istnition of I^^D wei-e clear, yet the CIA continued or initiiited-' a 
project involving the surreptitious ndminiitnition of LSD to non- 
yohmieer Ijuniiin suhjecisT Thi^ pro;:rani cxikjrmI ninnrroup individuals 
in tlje I'iiiied Stale? to the risk of deatli or seriouji injury without their 
jnf<frnied conpent, without jiiedii-.'il >n|iervi?ion. and without necessary 
follow. np to drfinnine any lon;r'ter'm elfrrts. 

Prior 10 ilie Ol^on exjH^nnietit. the Dire;'tor of Centrnl Intelligence 
had nijMovc-cl MKILTKA, a resrarch program desipned to develop 
a "Ciipabilily in the eoveil use of bioloL-ii'iil and cliemiral agent 
iii;it.rials " In the pn>|>osal desrril»inp MKTLTRA Mr, Helm?, then 
ADDP, wrote the I director that : 

wc* intend to investigate tht^ development of a chemical mate- 
rial wliirh cau-nes a ^ev^r^ihle non>loxic al*errant mental state, 
Ihe ^pi-i i(i4' naiiiT-e of whicli ran Ik' reasonably well predirred 
for eiiefi individual This mnierin] could potentiallv aid in 
d]-rrpditiii;r individu:i]>. eliririn-: information, and implant- 
inp suggesiion.^ and <nher form- of menial control" 

On Fehrunrv 12, ln,^^, the Dinrior of the Central Intelligence 
Ai'iiiry wrote TSS offirial^ criti-'izijig tlicni for '^poor judgment" in 
"dminisienng I>D on "an unwitting ba-=is and without pn.ximale 
medi>:il safeguards" to Dr. i^\>i^u and fui the l:uk of "proiier consid- 
eratjt.ri of the npht^ of ilu- jmlividnal to whom it was being admin- 
j&tered"*»OJi thesiune day, ihe 1 n.-^jiivt or General irviewed a reiwrt 
on ^nl^projen Numl-er 3 of MKlLTIiA, in which the same TS?; 
Oflir. j> who hnd juM reieiverl letters from tlie Djreeior ireu- quoted 
as stui][ig tliat one of the purposes of Subproject Nnndx^r 3 was lo 

■ Thr 19(1-1 Ml Ri-pnrt. whieh d<-^ri^i-d Iht i»roJ<TT iurotviDp the (iiirr^ptllious 
■ amlnittrnrinn of LSD, pTnced tli^ pmjcrr I*<*pfi(iinc In 3**-V». Oth^r CJA docu- 
menr> reve«l tLat it was io «l*^tptire ns earlv a* T^lTuarj VX^ Thr CIA ba* 
told rhr Committee that ihr proj.-rl l-rp 'n in lf»:a and tbat the -'Xi>*rioient which 
U-d III Dr. OUon'i d^ath waf iinrt of the nn»jtTr 

|^M»'niorniidiim frnni AI>I>I' ir^'tii^ f^^ In" J |>iiUr>. 4 '3'^. tol- .^, p 2 

Mru."r/>n.liirii fr-mi Ih'J io SirU,-.v fJmilji'h. ::/lJ '54 ; auj m.^morandum from 
IH MoChl^fofOperaHons. TSS. 2/12/54. 



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>' 




80 

400 

^observe the beliavior of un^rittin^^ pennons being questioned after 

having been given a drug/'" Tl.ere is no evidence that Subproject 

Numl^r 3 was terminated even though these officers were ^^^fl^ 
calh a^var^ of the dangers of the surreptitious ftdministra ion of LbD 

and^henece&sitv of oblaininpinformedconsenf and pn>VKhnn medical 

safriruorJs, Suturoject Numl-er 3, in fact, used methods which showed 
even less concern tlian did the OI-SON experiment for tlie safety and 
secuniv of the participants. Yet the evidence indicates the project 

continued until 1063.*' , , , . , ■ u* ^*i--. 

In tin- projert. the individual conducting the test might make 
initial contact wiili a prospective subject selected at random in a bar. 
He would then invite the person to a ^^safdiouse where the test drug 
was adininisttrvd to the subject iluouph dnnk or in food. CIA per- 
sonncl micht debrief the individual conductmg the test, or observe 
the test by using a one-way mirror and tape recorder m an adjoining 

'^Vior consent t\tis obviouslv not obtained from any of the subjects. 
Tli»>rv was also, obviouslv, no me^lical prescreening. In a<KlUion the 
tosts wer-e conducted by individuals who were not miahhed scientihc 
obser\>rs. There were no medical peisonnel on hand either to a<lmm- 
istcr tlic dr^p> or to obsene their elTecls, and no follow-up was con 

ducted on t lie test subjects. 
As t lit? Insi>e' tor General noted in 1963: 

A sipnificant limitation on Uie effectiveness of such testing is 
the infeasibilitv of perfonniii^: scientific obs»'rvation of re- 
suh,^. The [indinduuls t'ondurtinp the te^] are not (iiialific^I 
sruntific observers. Their subjects are seldom accessible be- 
yond the first hours of the test. The testni? mav l>c useful in 
perfecting deliverv techniques, and in idenufvinjr surface 
chnracteristics of onset, reaction, attribution, and side-effect." 

This was particularly troublesome as in a 

numUr of instances the (est subject ha? become ill for 

hours or davs, incliidinp hospit^ilization in at least one case. 

and the api-nt could only follow up by guarded inquiry 

afierlhete^ subjeii^s reiuni to nonunl life. Possible SJCkne^s 

and attendant economic loss arc iiUinvnt coiitint-enl effects 

of ilie testing." 

PanidoNicallv. premier care seems to have been tjikon for the ftifel v 

of foivipi natioiiLils against whom LSD wa^ nsed ahroiid. In spveral 

cases medical examiniidons were performed pnor to the use of LM>, 

"Memorandum to In^-^tor Genfral from Chief, TnPiK-crion and Rcvle^v. oo 
Siibi'mi."'! #3of MKI'LTRA,:;/inTi4. 
* Hi Hejf^rt on MKULTHA. V."3. 

•;w" AcVordiai! to tbe ICs *Dner la lf«3, phj Melanin a^^Uted -rilb 
MKri.TRA could benifld^avAilal'leinanf-mertPhcr- r.T*rnrioii«l 

UM* nf LSP thread took Ibp pi«itl(.n ttiat "no i-hj^iml fiamliiaiion of xi^ftM^i^i 
is rniuired prior to admiDistroiioB of ILSD] by TSS trained personnel A pbjsl- 



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81 

401 

Moreover, the admiiustration «l)roa<l was marked by constant obser- 
vation maxle possible because the material was being used against 
prisoncra of foreign intelligence or security organizations. FmaUy, 
during certain of the LSU int*rroca*ions abroad, local physicians 
were on call, though these physicians had had no experience with LSD 

and would not be trfd tli at* hallucinogens had been administered.** 
The CIAs project involving ihe surreptitious administration of 
LSD to untitling human subjects in the United States was finally 
hahed in 19U3. as a result of its discovery dunnp the course of an 
liwpt^oloi- General survey of the Technit^al Services Division. Wh^n 
the Inspeiioi Geneitl leuriie<l of tliu project, he sp<^e to the Deputy 
Director for Plans, who agreed thai the Director should be briefed. 
The DDP made it clear that the DCI and his Deputy were pejierally 
familiar with MKfLTKA, He indicated, however, that he was not 
sun' it was necessiiry to brief the DDCl at that point. 
On Mav 24, ll»0:Mhe DI >r advised the Inspector General that he had 

briefed the Director on tl^c MKI'LTKA program and in particular 
had covered the question of the surreptitious administration of LSD 
founwittinp Imniau suljjects. According to the Inspector General, the 
DDPsiiid that "the Director indicated no disagreement and therefore 
the *testinp' will continue/'" 

One conv of an "Eves Only" draft report on MKl LTKA was 
prepared bv tlio lii^penor (ieneral who recommended the termination 
of the surreptitious administ rut ion project. The project was suspended 

fulluwin;r t fu^ ItisimtIof GoJieial's rejMjrt, 

On December 17, 19Ca, IVptiiy Director for Plans Helm? wrote a 
memr> to the DDCL who V it ht he lntj>ei'tor General and tiie Executive 

Diieotor-Coni}Hroller hud op|»osod the coveit testing. He noted two 
jfts|H*rts of Ih.' problem: <1) *"foi over a decade the Claiulesiine Sen- 
ice?i ha? had the mi&^ion of maintaining a capability for influencing 
luiman Iwhavior:" and ^2) 'nesnng arrangements in furthei-ance of 
this mission >!jotild l>ea5o|»erationally rcalisMi: and yet as controllable 
as poi^ihle." Helms arguvd that tlie individuals niu:*l be "unwitting'' 
as this was "tlie only reuliMic nietho*! of maintaining the capability* 
considering the intended o|>orational use of materials to influence 
human behavior a? the operarional targets will certainly be unwitting. 
Sh<»iild rhesul'jectsnf the testing noi lie unwilling. t lie program would 
only l»o"pioforin;i"reMdtiiigina"faWsenieof accompliEliment and 

reaO mess." •'Helium continued: 

cinii \k*->^ noi (»- prts.Tif.ThprfUni>d3ii«pf medirallT \u the ii** of tbl> material 
AS luindU-J bj T^^ tfuim-U iierM>ntiel," Tbr Offliv of Medical Sfi^iceP had tikt^u 
fhr i^.^itmij tlmi IJiP wa^ "mpilirallt <lonj:rrini* " Boih tbe Otfio* Of Se«ijntj 
nn<t Ih*- Offior nf Mi-rt.ral S^rriivs ariniHS thai LPP "should not be «<lmini>^(eml 
iinlrs* |»ri-i'efl»'d I»t a ai('ilii-;i] ri.imlTintifni . . , and should be adnjlni^terwl onlr 
|..v i^r 111 (he jtr»*.n.T .if jt vlivvi-uin " h" t^ad utiidipd if Jiiid i'* efT.'ii." <NJpdi'»- 
raiiitiim frpm .l;im^ AiicU-loii, Tbi.-f, r.iuntpriiHHIii;riirH SiafT to Chief of Oi-t- 

flhi^.i«. rj iL* :»:. in- j-:;. ^ , ^. 

*■■ I'ln>ioiaiiv niicliT lip rnlliKl with rbe hnfn- thar ibej ivfudd miWe s diaftmeis 
of Hipriijtl ItrPiik^rmji wliirli would U- useful in discn-ditinF Ibe iBditidual Tvbo 

Wii* llf stihJH't c»f I hi' riA inii-n'^l, 
•" M*-iji.ir.iiidnm fcr Ihi' Rrt'.^rd j»roiiumt l»v Mip In-^i^ii^ior General, Vl5/o3, p J 

'Jbut.,p.2. 



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82 
402 

]f orir ^rraiits the vnlidiiy of the tnissioit of luninlnitiinf; this 
unusual r!i|*;ii»ilily and tlK- iuK'es?:ii> for uiiwiltiii^ testing. 
tljciL- Jbonly tlirri rhe qm-stioii of how best to do it. Obviously, 
tlu' tt'Stiijji £}iould be conduct t-d in such n manner &s to permit 
tilt* o|i|>ort(jiiitv to observe thi- results of the t dm ini strati on 
on the tiirifct. tt also ^oes witliout s:iyinfr that whatever test- 
in;; urranp incnt we adopt mu>t afToid mn^tiniuin safeguards 
for the jiroli'CtioiL of tliv A^ciK-y's role in tliii^ activity, us 
wi.n OS minimizing the possihiliiy of physical or emotional 
daiiiafie to the individual tested." 

In nr'»ther mrmo tn the Director of Central Ijitellii^cnce in June, 
nK>4, IIiImi> a^-niin nii-eil the is^ne of unwii(in;z te-Jtinp. At thai time 
Gfnpnil Carter, then actinp DCl, approved several chants in the 
MKCLTHA t>rr»^'raTn propoi^ed by Mr. Helms a? a result of neprotia- 
fions boMvet»n tin- Insj*otor General and the D1->P. In a handwritten 
noip. however, Diivctor Carter adde*l that "unwitting testing will be 
siihjei't to a st'panite decision." *• 

No spr'cific decision was made then or soon after Tlie testing had 
been hnJred and, arrnrdinp to M'alter Elder, E\ecutive Assistant to 
DCI M-Cone. the DCI was not inrlined to take the positive step of 
auf hfirizinp a resiimpf ion of the testing. At least throuph the summer, 
the HTfV did not pnss tJie issue. On November 9, l&W, the DDP 
raised tlie issue apnin in a memo to the PCI, calUnp the Director's 
atientinn to wliot he drscrilied as "several otlier indications c^nrine 
the past yenr of an apparent Soviet appressiveness in the field ot 
covertly administered chemicals which are, to say the least, inexplic- 
able and dislurhinp."'*' 

Hflms noted that because of tlie puspen'^ion of covert test inp> the 
\£:en(y's ''positive oi>eratif>nal capahilily to use drups is diminishinp» 
owin;: to n lark of iralistic testinp. With iitcreasinp knowledge of the 
stateof theart- we are less capable of stay inp up with Soviet ndvanees 
in this (i*»ld, Tlii^ in fum n'?iull5 in a wanijip capability on our pait 
to restrain nthni-*: in tht* infellipence community (such a*= the Depart- 
ment nf I)efens4'» from pui-suinp oT»e rat ions in this area."" 

Hehns attributed thf cessation of the unwitlinp testinp to the hiph 
risk of embarmssinent to the Apenry ns well as the "moral problem/' 
He noli'd thai no belter cnvert situation had been devised than that 
wliich had been used^ and that "^wc have no answer to the moral 
issue," ■ = 

Ib'hiis asked for either resiunpi inn of the testinp project or its defini- 
tive cancnllation. He arpuod th,Tt the status quo of a research and de- 
^elopn-rnt prnprain witliont a n-alistir testinp proprani was cansinp 
tlie AL't-i»i'v to live "with tlie illusion of a raiMuility which is becoming 
minimal and furthermore is expensive," '*(>m-ea^ain no fomial action 
was taken m response to the Ilehns* request. 




:« 



Menif^rtinflun) from DDP HHqis lo DDCI Carter, lZ'lT/fi3. 

^Ii^aii.riiinJinufromDUrHeJmsionCl. ii/0/W,|j. 3. 



.» >1 



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83 
403 

From irs bepinniiiff in the oarly l&50s until its termination in 1963, 

thi'piopjamof surn-iuil ions mlminisl rat ion of I>il) to uiiwiitinp non- 
volunteer human subjects <1rmonsIrates a failure of the CJA's leader- 
ship to pay adequate attention to the rights of individuals and to pro- 
vide effi'f^tive guidance lo CIA employees. Though it was known that 
the testing was dan;rrrous, the lives of subjects wci-e placed in jeop- 
ardy and thrir rights trpre ignored durinj: the ten vears of testinp 
winch followed I>r- Olson's diath. Althou^rh it was clear that the lows 
of the I nitedStaic:^ wi-reU-iiig vi<»lateil.lJie testing continued. 'WJiile 
the individuals invoivt^d irt xUv Olioji expirimenl were admonished 
by the Director. >it tiie same time they were also told that thev were 
not being reiirinianded and that their *'bad jud^rnienl'" would not be 
made pan of tht-ir personnel records. Wlien the covert ternting project 
wcsterniinored in r.Ki:s, none of the individual? involve*! were sub i eel 
to any dj^vipHnury action. 

4> Momforing amf ControJ of the Ti^tl-ng and Ibc of Chemical and 
Biological Agentf by the CIA 

The Sele.1 Committi^e found 7iuniprous failures in the monitoring 
and control of the testing itnd use of chpinicjil and luologiral agents 
^illiin the (TA.'* An nnjilysi'^ of the fuilurcscan Ix' divided into four 
sections: (a) the waiver of normal re^rji^-nion> or requirements- (b) 
the problems in anih.^nzjtion proivdun-s: (cl the failure of internal 

review mediinn=m'^FU''h as ihoOffi.-f of General Coiins*d. the Inswctor 
(lem'ral.cin.Mhe Au.ln StiiTf: und (d) the effect of compartmeniation 
and competjMoii within the TIA. 

o. The Wtin-tr of Admihiftrnfirr Cohfro?*.—Thp infernal control^ 
w'jtljin any ;»grjicy rest on: (!) clear and coherent reguhitions- ('>) 
clear lii»es of u.tthoriiy: and (ri) clear rewards f.»r tho^e who conduct 
tl.em^ht-:; ni ;iri-ord wiiji agejiiv regulations and understan<hl.lp and 
immediate ^anrijon^ against (ho-<^ who do not. In the case of the test- 
ingand u^e of cl.rmical and biologl.al ugcuL-. norm:iI CIA adminis- 
trative controls weiv waived. The destruction of the rif»cument<- on the 
largest CIA i>mgram in thisai-ea cnnstifuted a prominent example of 
the waiver of nnnnal Agein'v pnNvdures hy the Director 

,wT^V- l'**'""'*^^^'-^ ^^'^'"^^ destri^yed in cjirK ]f»7;i at the oVdi-r of then 
I>( I Jurl.jrd Hilnis. According to Helms, Dr. Sidnev Oottlieb. then 
JJuvrtorof TSD: 

. . . came to me and said tha( he was retiring and that I was 
retiring and he thought ir would l>e a goort ulca if Ihe^ filp^ 
were destroyed- And 1 also Ik^Hcvp part of the reason for 
our thinking this was advisable was there had been n-lation- 
ships with <>uisidej-s in government agencie^^i and other orga- 
nizations aibd that thes.' would \v sensitive in thi^ kin<l of a 
thing hut that smce the program was over and finislnd and 
done with, ^v^' thought we wmdd just get rid of the files as 



• "^J!*'""r, -*'^i ?'^ ^^ -^ in-frurrs thr ror«mitt«i» to «imin^ : rhe >itPfi! 
lo wmca I njtf^d &ia^-; in^eirit-eno- utfcncips nre fforempd br EvecuUv# Or^^r-^ 
ruli-s, or repilatlonji pithpr pubL>Lfd ur seirer" 



I 



MORI DocID; 163357 




* 
t 



t ~ 




84 
404 

^'s;>W 11 Oi*^*" *^*' "*^''?*^ "* ^ the past would not 
be^subj«t to follow-up or questions, embarrassment, if you 

P.'.vem of .1,0 r.s...rch an.I deve)orm7nfbuHVefofT%?) Si 'b^ 

ipili^iiii 

-Bi.-l.artl Jlelm^ IfMluionj.n/ii/75. p, s. 

Erp„ i,ri.,r r.r ih- d^>inirtl,m of U.--i.mpnt- rli.' MKi-i thj -~\. 
n..-nr^ rh:ir mii;}iT civ,- iKrim-rfhr I. m urM m?^^^ 



*t*^x 



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85 

405 

lions '.'* Oll»f r Affonry piwrcJiire^. i.t, the forwarding of documents 
in Fuppon of in\oiresflnd rhe provision for ropilar aiiHil piwedures 

r,rrnSMJT'i''xiJ't'^- ^"^ '^''r" ^'^' *^^'^> '*^^" ^^ A^n Dulles 
approved MKl LTRA, noUnp thai security considcralions pircluded 

handling the project throuph usual contractual acwmpnts 

TenvearslatorinvestJcationsofMKrLTl^\Lvbotluhe'lns^^^ 
Oenerol and (he Audit SufT noted substantial deficiencies ^hich re- 
sulted fi-om thp waivers. Because TST) had nor re?^rv*^d the richt to 
aud^r the books of contrariors in MKTLTKA. the CIA ha <f been 
unable to verify ih*' use of Airenry irrunfs bv .i contrarior. Another 
nmi had failed to establish controls and sn ft^irna nis whirJi would as- 
SUIT •j>)oprr nccoiinlabihiy" in iiw- of ^vPijunent funds with the 
result thnt "funds Jiavp l>een used for pnrp**^^ not coniemplated bv 

^I'S^TM^^t^" ^''''' ' ^^^'^*^^ "^'"'^ ronfrnrf relat i^n.Mup/' '• Tlie entire 
AJKl LTRA arian-rnicnt was condeinned fr.r bavin;: ndniinistrative 
lines wJiich were UTiclenn overly pennii=sive coi^lmU, and irrespon- 
sihjt' supervision. ' 

The head of the Audit Brjinch noltd that inspertions and audits- 
led u 5 to sev >1KT^LTI!A aR frvqueutlv liiivin;; provided a 
device to<^>cape noinuil adniii.isdalivr 'controls for research 
thai IS not esprruilly s*'n>kive. as bavin;: alIo\><>d practices 
that prodii'i' ;:ro?:s adujinistrative failuivs. as having per- 
niiftod ilit^eMahli^hniNit f>f s|wml relalion-^liips with unrvli- 
ablo or;::nn/;.!ir»u^ on ail unsurrptable basis, and as havinp 

CrodiiFrd' '^11 ?it lrns( one occasion, a cavnlii-r treatment of a 
r>n;i ndi»cf>mractin;:oipanization. 

While admiftincv ,i,ni there may W n need for special mechanisms 
for handhrip-seiiMtive proierts. tlie Chief of the Audit Hranch wrote 
that -bcHh rh^j terms of refen nee and the ground rules for handling 
suib sperial j^rojoc ts should Iw spelled out in advance so chat diver 
si*iM from ni.rn>ril .hanncls <W-i not mean abandonment of controls 
^pe^lnl jum. dur. s m:i\ Ik- nc^es&irv to ensure the securitv of hiphU 
sensitive oi>emtions. To |>revent the erosif^n of normal iniernal con- 
trol mcf^hani*:nis. Mirh waiver,'^ shmild not be extended to less sensitive 
operations. Mnnover, only those rejulations which would endanger 
secnnty shouM be waivi>d; to waive refnilations cenerallv would 
result in hiphly sensitive and controversial projects having looser 
i^tli.r than strnhr administrative controls. >IKNAOMT, the Fort 
Orh ilk CTA project for r^^^arch and development of chemical and 
biofoprcal ap^nt-, provides another exiimple where efforts to protect 
the se. iirny of a-enry ftcdvlies nverwhehned administrative controls. 
No written records nf the transfer of npents such as antlirax or shelN 
nsh toxin wen' kept, "Woiuse of the sensitivitv of the area and the 
desire to ke ep any possible use of materials like this recordless." '* The 

•■MemnrnTHlum from APPP HHm* |o pri puTfe^. 4^3 ■r>3, Tah. A. p 2 
MPPrmrnndnni from IG fn Chif^f. TSI\ ll/Vft-'V as quoted to memorDDdum 

"The m-'mnriindiim nucef^ti^ that admrniMrnflve exelmlnns. be<'na!te of the 

imj^irrnnep of rnrh (leci^inn'^. *hmiM i»Tirr^ rh# penmnnt npprOTal of th^ IVmirT 
nirpf-r^.r nt rnnrrnT lnt**IU£i>nrv «r> nn Imliriihuil raw Unsj^. Pn«t*nf ciA r>o)ici 
ii^th.ii only thr D^I cnrt niitliorb,r cirTBin exemplinn*i from r^jrtilaifoD* 
S.rljii.v Gtnilivl. teMinn^ny. lO/J^A^, H^-arin?^. Vol. 1. p. 51 



MOR I DocID: 163357 





^ --' 






8f3 
406 



ilsSSiS==S2sa 



',': . : ' '''{'"."■-■'''^"— ■M.f .lr>i , u<-t 








»^Hi.Ti,-.i;,u..,i r..;,,n..„.ni. ;,.,;;.,;;;<;, ;,'\^^^ '■•■■ "-" k..mv 

..^.^';:M::::;r,.:;:.r!:l'::;;.^7;::;;;i„:;;::;„V ' ■■ "■>- ^-^^-.■...,., 

--^^.'1;::^ r^..u,..:,.„i ,, .,,...„.,.,. .,:„,..-,„ , 

■■■■-:'':;:-;r:;-:::i:;T:;: ^H-'r V- ^ ' ' 



MORI DocID: 163357 






8" 

407 

before the Conamitli-c, authorization throuph lack of agreement is 
even more pj'cviilent iTiseiisilive situations,'* 

The unauthorized retention of sliellfislj lo\in b^- Dr, Nathan Gordon 
and his subordinates, in violation of a Presidential Directive, may have 
resuh4?d from the failureof the Director to issue written instruct ions to 
Agency ofTicinls. TJie retention was not authorized by senior officials in 
t)it Agency. The Dirt-rior, Mr. Helms, hau instructed Mr Karnmes- 
sines. the "Dcj) »ty Director of PJahs, and Dr, (iottlieh^ the Chief of 
Tecluiical Servjc^^^ Division, to relinquish control to the Amiy of any 
chcniica] or biolo^rical ai-pnls U^inp retained for the CIA at Fort De- 
trick. Dr. Gottlieb pas^'d this instnjciion on to Dr. Gordon, Wliile 
orders may he disre^ardrd in any orpinization. one of the reasons that 
Dr. Gordon used to defend the rclenl ron was the fact that he Jiad not 
received rt-riften i)isl ructions forltiddin^ it.*' 

In some situntions the existence of written instructions did not pre- 
vent unautliorized art ions. Ac.coi-dinp to an i n vest ig:at ion bv the CIAs 
InsiH'Ctor General T^D officers had been infor^^d orally that i/r, 
Ilajii^ \\^',\s to be ""advised at all limes" when LSD was to be used. In 
addition TSD hnd reteived a memo advising the staff thai LSD was 
not to be tifcd witliout the permission of the DDP, Frank Wisner. The 
experinient involving Dr. 0]s4>n wont ahead without notification of 
either Mr. Wir^ner or Mr. Helms. Tlie absence of clear and immediate 
punishment for that a^t must undercut the force of other inleiTial in- 
structions and re;:u^iiions. 

One last issue musi In* raised about authorization procedures within 
the Apency. Chemical ajrents wert used abroad until 1P59 for dis- 
crediting' or dis^ihlin-: o|>.^mti'>ns, or for the purpose of interrogations 
with the apj^roval of the Chief of O|)eration*i of the DDP. Later the 
approval of thp Deputy Dirertor for Plans was required for such 
operations. Althonph the medical staff sought to be part of the ap- 

ijroval proccs:; for these Oj>eralions. they were excluded because, as the 
nspccior General wrote in 1057 : 

Operational deienninations are the resiKinsibility of the 
DD, P and it is he who should advise the DCl in these 
respects, just as it is he who is responsible for the results. It 
is completely unrealistic to consider assi^minp to the Cliief, 
Medical St:iK. (what, in effect, would l>e authority over clun- 
divsiine oi^eration;;.)'" 

Given the rxpertiso and traininf; of phvsicians, participation of the 
Medical Stall mipht w**!! have been u^i^fuh 

Questions about auFfmrizJition also exist in rejjard to lliosr ajrcncies 
which assistcil the CLV, For instance, the project involving the sur- 
reptitious administration of L.'<D to unwitlinc non-volun(oer human 
Eubiects was conducted in coordination with tne Bureau of Narcotics 
and Dangerous Drujis. Thei-e is some question as to the Conunissioner 
of Narcotics' knowledge about the project, 

■ Mr. EMrr wos a^ked whcihpr th? j^t^tr^n^ of hrin^np forward ■ dpj-rrirtion of 
orri'PU<> \>j riif .*p-in y Jn cetiinc OMiporol (hroupli the ahM>nce of disj^rprnipnt 
«:!'. a r*inimrn» *inr H^ re^pipiiil*»i». -Jt »n*i not unriinminn. . . . Tin* mor* sen<ii(ive 
rhi' r*n'jiH( rh»* ni<*rr liV,fl> it moiM Tpno iim;ird W\n^ a Cfnurooti iiractitv. ttaifed 
oil U\t- lui'd Im krfji The wriMm m^ird tn a minim urn." 

'" X.Tth^M flitrJ^iij tt^srini^'ii.v. l»/]6'7r>, H»-anin:.*. VoJ, i. 
"lUST IG Rrporr. 



MORI DocID: 163357 






88 

408 

In l&C:^, the Inspector Genenil noted that tho head of the BXDD 
hnd i)ccn hrii-ftii b1h*ii( llie pniifirt, but iUc Ki d rc|>ort did not indi- 
cate tJie Jevtl of detail provjdea to him. l>r Gottlieb t^srified that **I 
rcijicjiiber mopling Mr Anslinpor and had the general feeTJng that he 
wiis a.ware."'" Another CIA o(hc«r did not recall anv discussion of 
t€.^lingon unwitting subjects wjicn he and Dr, GottJieb'met with Com- 
mi'^ioner Anslineer 

In a mejnoranduni for the record in If'GT Dr. Gottlieb stated that 
Jlnrrv Gionlnno. wlia rei»lired Mr. An5liM;!cr, told Dr. Gottlieb that 
whrn Jie l*ci'ajtK' Coninus^ioiier he wus "only generally bricfod on tlie 
annngcrjientb, irave it his general WcSEing, and said hi- didn't want to 
know Uip details/" The same meniornrulum slates, howcier, that there 
\\ti\- Si'M-ra] f'oinnu'iiis which indicated lo l^r. Gnttlirb that Sir. Gior- 
d:ino was awnre of the siibstauco of the projctt. It is pos.^ible that 
thi' Commissioner provided a general authonz.'ttion for the arrange- 
nitjtt wirliout undvrstunding wli^it it entailed or considering its pro- 
priety. A reluctance lo seek detailed information from the CIA, and 
tlie CIA's hesitancy to volunteer itj has been found in a number of 
instances during the Sel*Ht Committee's investigations. This problem 
is nt>i confined to liic excvutive branch but has olso marked congres- 
sional relationships with the Agency, 

c. Inftr/ioJ /iVivV^r. — The waiver of regulations and the absence of 
doainjcntiition niiike it difficult to determine )iow who authorized 
\viiicfiartivitie5. More imi>ortantly, they made internal Agency review 
n*eclinnisnis mut'h l(^ss elTectivi-y Controversi:*! and hiplilv sensitive 
projeri? wliich fhould have been subject to the njost rigijrous"insi>ection 
Jucfceil effective intorn;il review. 

Given the role of ihe General Counsel and his reaction to the sur- 
repiitions adminis-tration of LSD to Di. Olsoji, it would have seenied 
liki'ly that he would be asked about the Jepalitv or nropi ietv of any 
subM-quent projects involving such administration. This was not done. 
iW dill not learn about this testing until the lI*To's. Xor was the Gen- 
eral CpunsePs opinion sought on otiur MKCLTIIA projects, tliouch 
these had born characterized bv the Insix^ctor General in the I'SbT 
Kenorl on TSI)a,=i '-unethical and illicit."-' 

Tliere is no mention in the report of the lO'iT Inspector General's 
survrv of TSI>of tiie projet-t involving: tlie snrreptidcius administra- 
tion of I>lK That projrct wasappareritlvnot brought to the attention 
of tin- srirvvy team. Tlie Inspeilor wjio (liscovrj-ed it durinjr the IG's 
1^6^ survey of TSD recalls coming upon evidence of it inadvertently, 

■■n.P IG's ft-port on MKl'LTRA In 19G3 sitated : 

, "7\T»5,";"' ^^*^^^^^ d.H'i.in.-nls jiiKHified fJint TPP malntnin eiartlnc rwi- 
r v' ^J>1.' JR-^ ■cM^irir> ]]] nn duinc h.m*»vrr. TSU bns rur^u^ a i.l>i 

|OK.->i,h>- r.r m.nJnujiii <l<h»inMil.Ttion in k^riiiiiL- wiih Ihp tiich M-n-^itivhT of ^.'mp 

OT liP i,roji<-f< S'ymu flU^ n*re found to present a tfaf-onabW c^niiiiHe r^^.nl 
nMiKhnc mosi ^f^nsirivp mnttt^r^. while oth^r- uith iMrallel oJ-jmivf*'^ conr.-jjn^ 

Jittip or no data nt atl, T)h- lark of r.»i.-isT,^nt reftinU iirwIiNM »^i- nf r*.utiLP 

m^nT^'T.^^T*^''"^ "i""^ ■'**^*^ » ^"^""^^ "f QiiMrioni ^nvtmiii^ manac<- 
njpor HT\a fl^ml rontrolji." ^ ■ 

" CJA. Int^vctoT GMirrars report on TSD, IWjT, p. 217. 



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89 
409 

rather than its having been called to his attention as an cspecially 

sensnivepr-ojetl.'^ , , , ^ ^ i .v 

Thus both the General Coiuisel and the Inspector General, the prin- 
cipal inlenml mechanisms for tlje control of possibly- improper actions, 
were eicludeJ from r*pular reviews of the projiLt, W hei) the project 
was discovered the EiLtcutive Dire dor- Comptroller voiced strong op- 
position to it: it is possible that the project would have been lenrn- 
nateJin 1957 if it had been called to hib attention when he then sened 

us Iiispecloi'Gcnerul. , - , ■ 

The Audit SiatT, which also serves an internal review function 



through the exaniinaiion of Ageiicv eipenditnres, also encountered 
suLsi;rniial difli-.Jtv wiih MKl LTUA. When MK ULTRA was first 





as well as the diffii^ultv in deiectinp them. The head of the Audit 
Braiicii charaotcriied ihe MKL'LI KA prot-^duivs a^ "having allowed 
practices that prodiK-ed gross adminisiralive failiiri'S." including a 
lock of contiol^ witliin outside conlrautors wliich would "assure proper 
accountabilitv in use uf govi-mment funds." It olso dimiiiifihpd the 
CJAs capaciu lo verifv ihi- accouniin^'s provided bv outside firms. 

d. VoiHi/tirt tn<nt<JtUln. arid Juri^JictioJujI Confict llVAm the 
A<i<:7\'Cy.—\^ has been noted, the leMing and use of chemical and 
bibl'>picyl a;:i^nl- ^>a^ treatt-d as a hiplily sensitive activity within the 
CIA. Thi^ availed in a hipli A^iin^ of coinpurtnientation. At the same 
liniu substaniial jurisdictional conflict existed wiihin the Agency be- 
tween the Tecljiical Svrvicf- Divi>i*3n, and the Oftii'e of Medical Serv- 
ices and ihr Otlive of Si vurit v. 

This coni|mrtnientation and jurisdictional conflict may well have 
led to dui^licarion of eiTori within the CIA and to Agency policy- 
maker's beinp deprived of usi'ful information. 

Durin;: tfjc earlv ISX's fiiM iJie BM'KHIRD Committee and then 
the ARTiClIOKK 0»nmiittee were instituted to bring together rep- 
iVM-ntiitives of the Aponcy components wlii<'ii hud a legitimate inter- 
cut in ihi' area of ihe alteration of luiman Whavion By 1937 both these 
comniitteci; liad fallen iiiti* disusi'. No information wont to tlie Tech- 
nical Services Division (a comjumcnt sup|>osedlv represented on the 
AKTJCHOKK Committee) al*f>ut AHTK HOlvE operations being 
curjducied hv llie Oflice of Security and the Office of Medical Sernces. 
The Tfchnicnl Services Division which wa^ providing support lo the 
Clandestine Si»rvia*s in Ww u)<- of chemical and biological agents, but 
provided little or no information toeither the Office of Security or the 
Office of Medioal Services, As one TSD officer involved m tliese pro- 
grams testified: ''Ahliongh we wei-e ac^juainted, we certainly didn't 
slinre esperience^."" 

"EvpH *ftpr ttae Ii)sr*ecior came up^n It the IC did do! perform ■ eomplPtf 
(nvesricanon of H- ll was di^eorered at the md <tt an eilenBlt* MtTff of TSD 
•nd rl. * JnsjiHclor was In the i>roc*s» of W\%\r- tranaferred to anotbcr post within 
Ihr Ac^'ncv, 

'^T^Ut\M,T\r of CIA offlc*^. 11/21/75, p. U 



I 



MORI DocID: 163357 




* 
4 




90 
410 

info,„,a,im,." o . tl" at lLTT .^°"'e ''"'' '"^^•-'- «>"eht such 

1>I> Jid .,o. inform ti ■ S uf vt 'f 4' "*'"""* ^"CP'-sU-d ij.at 
vfi.l fli^JiinvoIumvi.l -M^'*1h-^I bfivites m order to pre- 

erul d.:kriU..J it i„ lu,: .'h': "l! ■ '^'■'^- '^^ "'*• inspector Gen- 
t jc arriviirp<of TSii «hi^i i - ''" *-'>'^^ M*'tlJf*al Naff, over 

approval of tlH- Cl.ipf XS tiJ I ,H f ^r"""^ "'" P"*"- 

l'i-.oftl,ri,nr.h,rPond..;!cnt"i' ■ ^ '''"■" ^'"'""' '"'orming 

inS^^K3t^ i^tr'-" 'i-M-™:^ »"-:"^ 

,.* '-^ '■" n :'i ;.v p, H 



MORI DocID: 163357 




/ 




t 




91 
411 



,=(annMl iiep:itiyf impact on policymaking' in ihc Apencv. As the Dep- 
uii- ( liL-r of (he roiml.TiiHenit-,'nc.- Staff notp.1 in l<i:,S. dm to the 
dilT,-,i.,,t iK)s,lion. tuktn l)y TSS. tl.o Office of Sccurilv. atxt the Office 
ol Alcilical S-rvices on the iiso of clieiiiicnl or biological a"ents. it was 
poyible thill 111*. individuHl who authorized the use of alchemical or 
bioli.;.ncal aprni could I* presented «i|h '•iiicomploic facts upon which 
M."!!? ■ ^^^^'^'•'"O" relevsi.l to its use." Even a committee set up bv the 
iJIH in 13..>s lo nileiripi to rationalize A;ri-ncv policy did not have ac- 
cess to reconis of lestin-r Hn<i use. This «as du,.. in'part. toeicessive 
compnr1iiieni;ition. an.] jiiriwiictioiiul conflict. 

C. (-ovtnT TrsTiN.; ON Hi M.^v Siwrt-Ts in MiLiTAny Intxlligevce 

T'lVt XV- V ■*■'"'';.'■ Ti>TiN-r, I>k,-;r.m EA IT:*?, Th.^ikct THIRD 
( HANdK. ANi> rBo.iK(-rl)E»HV HAT 

EA lT:?r- is the <le^ij.nialr.r u^-.l in the Army dnip le^iinp propram 
for ly-n-icn.r .liethyh.mi.).. (I.SD). InierM in l.SI> was ori-inallv 
armiM-d at the Army-Mhemica! U'nrfnre I^N.Mtories bv open litera- 
ttnv on the nmiKiinl efle.ls of the compound." The positive intelli- 
£o.„v and coimiei inlelhp.'„cr polrntia! envi^oiicl for compounds like 
J>1). nnri yiisp^rte.I Soviet inrere-i in s„ch materials."" su|Von..d the 
ilevplopnicni of an Amrriran milit:irv cnpnbililv and resulted in ex- 
(.^nmonr. conduced jointty l.y the T.S. Army Intcllipencc Board and 
thcrh.-micril W iLrfni-cI.iiI-.ratorics. *^ 

Tl,e~e expermienls. de.^ipnrd lo evaluate potential intelligence u^s 

"1 j-y.'^ ""■'■ K"""" collectively ai= "MateriJ Testinp Propram EA 

''-■■ '"■''P'-''f;';t.;"f p^l'^-i'larinterfST conducted as part of these 

ex,*rm>,.nt-. -1 JIIUI, iHAXCK- and "DKliUy HAT", invoS 

the admn.iy.aMnn of LSD to un«ii,inp subjects in Euroi^. and the 

fill J ^1(^1 , 

In many ivspe.is. the Artuy-s te.tinp proprums duplicated l^Sfiirch 

hi.h ,a,I;.lre;H!yl.,-<.„comh.eredl..i rhe (TA. Thev c^minlv involved 

he n.-);. mh.ietii m the ea.lv ph;i-es of drup tesi'inp. In tiie VrmVs 

esis a. w„h .ho.-e of the CIA. individual riphts were also suU^d^ 

n.iied to i.ni I. . mil s.'.uniy,-on-tdeMii ions; informed con^nt and f..lto>v- 
up exiimm;ili..ii> of subjects were uepleeied in efforts to mainiaiti the 
Hvive.v oftiie tests. > Uhilly. the comniami and .'outro! problem^ which 

«e.v,M,p.,.„t I'l tl>eCIA-spn.pr.ms are iir.ialtWedb'-., lack of clear 
""""""'-■■" "" "'■'I PuiK-r^ision 111 the Army's jiropiam^ 

",1.^^'^"'''" ■-'ii'^ :""ly. •■Mnt.Ti.il Ti-sfinc IVccrnni. F.A ITSO." 10 jr, -.-,<> n 4 

ini ,': V^\ ' ^^'^T^'" ^""'J- '•i'-l -^ If'-'- '-'er.l year, [.rinr tn i„i,i,i r s 

mi r..- 1-1 I>I' -■-■^ r..,..r. tl,nl tl„. S..vi..„ ,,„r,.l,n >e,l « h.rc. ',„nr„i,v , 1 srUr. 

<;Mier:,ll« n,v..,„,.f( ii,,vi. , ,„..tl..-1. nnrf eo,...lerintHlke.,<* e,,ncef,i< w^r.- .l.n 

sir..,,;; ,„„1|, ;„,„;; fj^,.,,.,, J,, ,]„. i„i,i;„i ,f „,;^ T.-.^T^I. 

.\ |.ri;,...rr vi-^iH..v,ti.m f..r ll..|,l eM...rii.,..n1,-..i..n i IMIic..,..-.. «-|tl. K\ 17"^ 

..-.,,.1^ ,-. ...1,„„.- .„,v L.ml .,f ..,..r,-i,.„ .„ . i.,|..„..„ r,.r .ni-Uie-n,- i..,r,-.- ■ ' Tl .r- 

]->t.-\ r., .,.i,m.T n. hcl.l .■\]-n.i,..iii:,( j. ju-tifieri" ilhi-l. p ;t4i 



MORI DocID: 163357 








92 
412 

7, Scope of Testing 

BetAveen IW-S anrl lOSR researcli was initiated by thp Armv Chemical 
Corj.s (o evaluaic thp pot^rtia! for LSD as a chemical waVfare inca- 
paciiatmp agent. In the course of this researx^h. LSD iras odministered 
to moi-e Minn l.OrtI Anieiican volimteei-s wlio then participated In a 
series of tests designed to ascertain the effects of tlip drup on their 
". r L ?, ^'""^■"?" «s soMiei-s. With the exception of one wt of tests 
a ton ilrapL'- tliose and siihscqiient lalwraion" experiments to evalu- 
ate eheniicai warf^ir.- potential were condiicf.-d at tTie Armv Chemical 
U iirl;ti-e LaUtiiitories. Kdprnood. Sranland. 

In in;.> ;. new scries of lalH^raiorv tei,ts were initiated at Ed"e«ood 
These cxpenmntts were conducled as the initial phase of Material 
T«t,np Progi^nj EA 1 720 to evalnate the intelligence potential of 
LM), and included L^IJ t*sfs on 05 volunteers."' As part of these 
tests, three structured exjicrinienls were conducted : 

1. LSD was administered surreptitiouslv at a simulated 
social reception to volunteer subjects who "were unaware of 
tlie purpose or nature of the tests in which they were 
participatinp; 

2. LSD was administered to volunteers who were subse- 
quently polygraphed: and 

3. LSD was administered to volunteers wlio were then 
confined to "isolation chambers". 

TheM- St rurtnred experiments were desipned to evahiaie the vtliditv 
of the trailitional wciirilv training all s.il.jwts had undergone in the 
face of unconventional, drug enhanced, inierrwations 

At the <^nc)i,>ion of the ralHiralor^- test phase of Material Testing 
Program EA I.l'D ,n inf.O. tJie Army Assistant Chief of Staff for 
]nt.-ll.g.-iuv (A( >I) authorized oiM-rational field testing of LSD Tlie 
nr«i hrtil le-i;; iv.-ie coii.liicfcd in Enr<.].r bv an Ainiv Si-crinl Pm- 
m«e l,.am (Sl'T) dining the i^-riod fiom'Mav to .\ug,!.i of I%1 
Tl,ey<. t.sls w..,,. known as Project TUMID CllAXCK a.i,l iiMoIved 
eleven sepaiair nil..] lo-ation* nf ten snl.j.cts. None of tlie s.ibims 
were voliinicen^ .nnd n..ne were aware that thev were to receive 

;^ .: ; , '*"" ''"''if'"'- n ^"■■*'' soldier implicate.l in the theft of 
cb^Mheil 'iocmneiiis. were alleged to I* foreign intelligi^nce sources 
or agents. lA Jul,- (nierrogations of the-K^ in-lividiial* were niilv moder- 
ately suM'ts^ful. al Icnst one suhject (the T.S. soldL^r) eNhibited 
>yiiij.t..ji,< nf ^(.vej,. p:ii-inoia «hil.- under the infliiciicf nf the drii" 
111,. .-.e.-<.n,t .!en,.s ol fi..ld lP>ts. Pn.je.t DKKIt^' HAT. **ere con- 
ducted by nn Arn.y SJ'T in the Far l-^ist during the iM-riod 
fiimi .ViiLni-l to Nov..,Ml.er of VM-± .<.-u-ii ^iil.ieets Wfiv inrei n>.-iled 
mnler D Kliny HAT. .11 of „h.,n, «ere f,„vi/.„ national" either sl^l 
pi'.ri<l of .IpmIui- in imivoti.s or iin|:li.al,d in f..rei"M intent.'cncc 
o|M-r,iiHm-. I|„- p.ir-t.o.,-.>f i|,i-...v.>nd >rt of .-xivt uii.iil- ^^a<(ocnI■ 
l.-l a. .I,lio,i:i) d:.t,i nn ihi- iXiliiv of I>D i„ (icld inlrrro.Mi l„ns. and 
'"'•'"'"■''' ' "".V diir.-ient .-11, ..t^ the .ling n.igliT have on "Orientals." 

"' iM-l-N t..r n.^nrr^.l ..f tin' .\r.iu n-r-rl. 'I-.- „f VMi„iir,..r. In C iii..nl Acoiit 



-I 



MORI DocID: 163357 




93 
413 



£. Inad4:qua(eCooTdiruUionA7nongl7UeUigenceAg€ricitM 
On Oclober 15, 1959, the U.S. Army InUlJigencc Center prepared 




conditions.'" It was on the basis of this study that operational field 
tests were lafer conducted. 

Afler noting that the Chemical Warfare Laboratories be^n experi- 
menls with LbD on humans in 1955 and had administered the drug 
to over 1,000 volunteers, the "background'' section of the study 
concluded: 

Jijere lias not been a single case of residual ill effect. Study 
of Iho prolific scientific literature on LSD-25 and personal 
communication between US Army Chemical Corps person- 
nel and other researchers in this field have failed to disclose 
aij authenticated instance of irreversible change being pro- 
duced in normal humans by the drug."* 

This conclusion was reached despite an awareness that ther© were 
inherent mHlcal dangers in such experimentation. In the body of this 
&inie study it is noted that : 

The view has been expressed that EA 1729 is a potentially 
dangerous dru^, whose pharmaceutical actions are not fully 
undi-rstood and there hus been cited the possibilitv of the 
ronfinuance of a chemically induced psychosis in' chronic 
form, particularly if a latent schizophrenic were ft subject, 
with consef^iient claim or representation against the IJ.S. 
Government.^^* 

An attempt was made 1o minimize potential medical haiards by care- 
ful selection of snhjecis prior to field tests. Rejecting evidence that 
the drug might be haznrdous, the study continued: 

The claim of possible permanent damage caused bv EA 17''>9 
IS an unproven hvpothosi<i based on the characteristic effect 
of the matenol. While the added stress of a real situation 
may increase the probability of permanent adverse effect, 
the resulting rixXr tJt ^^frned to br nUght hy the mediral re- 
9tnrrh pentonnfT of tht ChemirtrJ JVarf^rr L/ihor{7t<nir.9, To 
prevent even such a slight risk, the proposed plan for field 
experimentation calls for overt, if pofssiWe, or contrived- 
througli ruse, if necessary, phvsiral and mental examination 
of nnv real situation subject prior to employment of the 
subject."* 

This conrlusion was drawn six years after one denth had occnrrvd 
wliirh could be attributed, at least in part, to the rffects of the 
vety dniir the Army was proposing to field test. The t'SATNTC staff, 
hoivovpi iTjis aprarentlv unaware of the circumstances surround- 
ing T>r. OUon's death, Tliis lack of knowledge js indicative of the 



*'*"* p A. 



/ftprf. 






■ 10/15/W. p. 4. 



) 



9t.-vn rp . TT , ; 



MORI DocID: 163357 






94 

4M 

^TiuTul lih'l; of iiif('i'n;rrn<'v rormiiimicntintj mi (blip i-rlntrd rewni'ch. 
Ac Mtr ()i'r'»l«*T- 10.M» stmlv norrd, ''flipiv hns Iwon no rnoi^linalioji 
Willi orliri' ii»li'lli;;riH*i* fl;;ohrii'S »[> lo the pn'SonL" "* 

On IViTinNr 7, lOriH, tlio Aijhv AssiMiinT Clii*^f of Si^iff for liilelH- 
^fi'nor (A{SI. npi>!irriitly ft Geruiiil AVillcnis) wns brit*f(Ml on Ihp 
pi-opos*^il '»|kcr;irion;il n^r uf LSI) hv I'SAINTC l*ioji'rl Oftic4^r .Tacoli- 
son, in |nv|.:n:iiioii f-.r I'ioj(vt TI 1 1 K JK'H ANCK, (ipnontl Willnns 
r\|iM'SM'il roiici'rn tlin» Mu- |ii'ij*m'| ha*! noi lh>{»n rminlinjitnl with tho 
Kit I :ii]>l till' CIA- III* i** iju'i'iul as sny in:: "(It III if Mi is jirojoi'i i> "roiji;.' 
fo !«' \xoirli anylliiriij ii |LSI>1 slionlil h*' n^A on l»i;rlu^r tv|*rs of 
non-r.S. Miljjri'i-" ill ni\i.-j \uniU "FrJlJlVl^/' }h- huVunioi] tlii- rotiltl 
1k' ;»<voniplislnMl if tlir <'IA wrrn bion^lit in. Tjjr sunim:M'V of iIk* 
It: iilijiir invi-.irnl Uy ;l M jJoiMcIioa ^k\ fotitinnpp : "Of pniticiil:ir note 
ir^ tjjur A<'SI i\\*\ iiof iliiiTi rooi-ihiiiiiion with I'lA ntnl fho FIJI bnl 
only nioiiTif»rn>il il fot ron^iilrr-arioh by tho plannei^." ''" 

Afic'f tlu' brii'tin;!- foni- rolonrl^. tuo liputonnnl colonrls anil Majoi- 
Mi'lLO\sk\ \ut\ 111 ilisiii'^s JnTr*rn;:rniy roo]>rjation with CIA nnd FBI, 
Tlu' ;:rou|i (vij|x,.||<n,„ w:is lo poslponi* eftinis (ouar*! f^oonliniilioii: 

Ja. Col. .Imofr^tn roniinoiunl that bcfoic \\r rooi-<1iiif\tf with 

CIA Ui- >[iniilil h;nr niort- f;nln;il finiliii^r^ fiTJin firhl rx|n^ii- 
nii-rir;iiii>n \uiL i-oinirorintcllJ^rrtRT rase- thai will sttTn;,tlion 
our iMi-:;non and inr>|>os;i! for rno|H'r:if ion. Thi> appj-oiirh 
\\\t< -A-^wrA (CI hy f lir iorjf»"Ti"i'S.^"* 

ll:nl >uili ('cf»n<Iin:i( iAn In-iti iLcliirvcil, ihi' ^Jifi-ry of lhc^<^ ex|>e[ init-nls 
ini;:]i( havi* f>*-i'n vIimm'iI iblli-n-ntly and iUo iv^i^^ lh*"ioH.'Kes nii;;lit 
iKivr \tfiu M'i'ih ii'i innii'i i'^*:n v. 

■i. Snht/iJ'ii.it'fu> 07 I I'ltiriiffitt} I*/tjht'i to Xtittoti"! Seritr/ty ConBuf- 

-Tti-it as ni:inv of ifio^r oxpijiinmis nmv ha\T Itcon nnnwc?wirv. th(^ 
nMim.' uf iiiH> o|MMatiorjaI tosfs ( |>oly?i:i|jh-a^siFrcil intoiTo;:ation> of 

ih'ij;;;:*'*! Mi-l (<) ivilrcTs a h:i>i(* ihart';raiil for ihr fuinlamental 

hninan nfflif> of ihc suhieil?i. The iiUi'rro*:aTion of an Anicrinin 
solilirras jiaH of lln" TIIlKh CHANCK VMA U^sts i> nn exantplc of 
\\\\^ ili-iv^raril. 

Tlu -lii[i n|HTC" for rn.jiiJ 1 nTRl> (^IIANCE. .hilril ^-ptt^ni- 
1h-i *►, li>"iL ii^i onuf ■- iIh- iiivionM:in'i> -nrronndin;: anil the ivsiilt? of 
1 111' li'>r'H :is fuUi*" s : 



[Th** sulvii-rl] was a T.S, snhiit^r who had confosse*! lo fhrft 
of tlii->-<jiiril ilihuiiK-nts. <^)nvt-n(ii»ri:it nii*fho<l> had fuilrd lo 
a^iTilain whpthrr *"5|'iona;M' inn*nf was involved, A si^roifninU 
iirw iidnn^'iiin by snhje'i llial hi' (old a frllow soldiri' of the 
\\\--U \\]\\\v lir Mill had fhi' *l"»<"niiu*nis in his |>0'-st'v;ioii wjis 
oht:dned dnririL: the EA 1720 interM»;iation nloiiL^ «i1h ollin- 

vuiiafions of Snbjivl's |>ivx i<in^ a*' ml. The infen-o;-;iTion 

resnhs \\a'\^ deemed hv llu' loeal ojn-rational nnniority sati-i- 
fai'loiy rviilcrii'i- nf Subject's riaini of inn<*rehcr in iT^rard to 
esjiioniip' intent. """ 



"* >!^hM\'>kv Vi\r\ S»i"'f . lU/ft'OO. |> r 
™ Ihut . ,1 2 

■"Si'T Triji R<-T«rl- Oi^raUoii THlRP CHANCE. 6''fil. p 5. 



MORI DocID: 163357 






95 
415 

TJie subject appari-iitlj reartod vciy stionplv lo tl.c dru-, nnd tl,c 
wSE-"*"' l"od„.tivc, «fls difficult. Tl.e trip report 

(1) Til is case deii.onstrnted the abilily to interrogate a 
subject profilabJj tluoufhout a highlj sustained and aiinosi 
mcapacitat my i-eacdon lo EA 1729. 

^^\fj -^'"" "Pi'.'"'*"' ^■'''"•' o' tiinging a subject into the EA 
tI"!'.'" "i" " ""S^'J stressed stale was indicated. 
{J) I Jie uscfuJness of cnii.h.jing as a duress factor the de- 
yio.- of inviting Iho siibje.is atlentioji to his EK 1720- 
uiHueiioed stale nnd thn-ati-ning lo extend tliis state in- 
dotiinlely even to a i>enn.inent condition of insanity, or to 
briiij. 11 to a„ ei„i a, tj,^ discretion of tiie interrogators was 
slionntobeeffective. * 

(4) Tlie need for preplanned precautions against extreme 
paranniac reaction to EA 17:i9 was indicated ""^me 

. (5) It was brought (o niiention hy thil^ ease tliat where sub- 

r. rf irio"^""^ ""ff'''*^ '"'^"'^^'^ i«tenoeation prior to 
the EA 17:^9 episode and has persisted in a version leJeaied y 
dm inc ronvenuonal interrogation, adJiei'ence to (he sime ver- 

son „q„|,. under EA I7|;9 influence, however extreme thM^aC 
no. ]n:.y not necessarih be evidence of truth but merely the 
ability to adhere to a wefl reJiearsed story.'" ^ 

,, T*?'^ strong reaction to the drug and the accompany intr discomfort 

^;M?' IV'r' '"'^"T^'^/Y'^"*^'?"^^ by the ,ise of trad^iontl me? 
rog.it.on techntques. 1\ hile t]iere is no evidence that pliysical violen™ 

or .ortuiv were e,»ployed in connection with this inteSl/ph " " 
cal and psycliologioal techniques were used in tlieTHlRWHiVrF 
nTJ'irT '° "^'^'' the suUcts- sltered mental state, and" ma.f 
repo.; : ' "" '"'""""■ •''"^'''^'' ^'"'"^'^ »''^- meth^Kls in hiT"ip 

foie 01 after EA 1 ,29 aJnunisii-ation. sustained conventional 
.niern.gnf.on imortoEA I7:i9 interrogation, deprivation of 

S ir'Fi i-?.^'^'''-' evocation, sustained isolation 
prior to EA l.^I^ administration, hot-cold switches in ap- 
piwh. d.i.e^ ■■pitches", verbal degradation and bodily di^- 

li^alth!"- '*'■ ^'"""""^•■^ ""^'"^ *« ^"''J<^"'s life or nJental 

. „l^™'f -'^ v'^T" r'^^-r^" o' a" individuals f.indan.enlal ri'-hts oc- 

. ..red in ^<.|;t^nl«^r m-> as pnrt of .ho Army's DEHUV H ?T teMs 

m tl.e I-,.r K«s. A susiwred Asian espionage agent w«" given 6 

mi' ogran.s of ].<!) per tilogrnni of bod' weight, flie admi niftr.Mon 

oftl.edrugwnsconipfeledatlo:t,-.tl,.itino;niup: '"""'""str.Mion 

At lliiO. sweating became evident. hi!= pulse Wcanie threadv 

He w„. pluced in a sni»iir i«>siiion. He b..gaM groanin- „ith 

expiration and became seniicniiiatose.'" p " 



'" ini,i 



PI' 17-lK. 
P 13 



I. 'r.m!;''"^" "■*'^" *'"^'"' """ r-farmarolnpirnl Hep«rt : Caw #1. 9/20/B2. 



MORI DocID: 163357 






96 
416 

Tni xho ne\K 2P minutes, the suhjert I'emained senncomalisc. 

At II4«, i-espoijses to painful stiinnli were sliplitly improved. 

At 11 .^ri, lit* vvnslicliH'd t(»nsittiiip|X)?^itif>n, 

At 1200, lie bcdnne shocky apoin i»n<J was returned to snpine 

position. 
At li?12.he wosiiDorp alert andoWetosit npT^ithhelp. 
At 1220. SnlijoM was assisted totliP interropntiontnMe. 
At 12^0, he bc;riui inoaniiLg he wanted to die and usually 

j;;norrd nur>li«ns. Rarrly Jie stated '*lie didn't know." 
At \2:>\\ his pliasir alertness persisted. He freqnmilv re- 

frK'MM^l lii-ejvs with eyelid a-vsislnnce. Ho frequently tlirew 

hi-'hestdhail; with eve.-: closed. 
At i:i:iO, he nas slightly more aleit. He was foi-ced-wnlked for 

:» niiTMiti's, lie phy*!iVnlly wonld rooivrate imtil he becnnie 

shocUy a^niiu ( sweat in;:, thi-endy pulse, pale).'" 

Vnv the uo.\f three hours the suhject remained in about the same con- 
dition, roniinned attempts at interro^tion yielded no relevant 
answers, j^ix hniir> after rereivin;: the drup. the subject l>e^an giving 
relevant answers to questions. Eiiiht and one-half hours after the 
iuiii;tl do-.:*;:!', the subject was r>oly;:ri])hed. Ti»e interro;rotion con- 
tinned for 5(*ven(een and one-half hour^ ftftor the dru/^ was ad- 

niiTiistered. 

There was some i>syrholopical and medical screening of the in- 
dieidu.iU iisied within the Vnited States, in Enroi>e, and in 
A-in, T!ie pro|>*»^l for the field P3t|*erimentrttif>n in fact railed for 
sueh ex.nminntjoiis. Tlie faet of j>n'S4Teeuinff did tioi eHminnIr the 
ri-^k of iujury; tl»e avnilalnlity of medieal staff did, however, Jimit 
iuiury and uiiiv wpH liave prevented tlie deatli of one ornioro of the 
sui»jeets. A- the medical rorp^ member of the team which surrepti- 
tiously fidininistcn^d t lie LSI* noted. ''one subject ...did collapse after 
till" intoi M>;;:ition n)id the presence of the niedicnl offieer was not only 
of value to the subjiit but to the in(erro;:aliou lenm who were thu^ 
ns-ured lliat an niinefe^^iirv nntownrd xesnll waiild not ocrur." "^ 

In the Oetol>er If*. l!>.%l>/rSAlNT(* staff study- nionil and le^ral 
riujifii ntion> of coven admini'^tT-ation of T^^D in field conditions were 
considered. 

It wns always a (enet of Army Intclli^enec thai the basic 
AiTM'rie:ni pfiiiriple of (he dipiity and welfare of the in- * 
dividual will not l>e violiiled, ... A more nKtindons T-e*:ard 
for the prohihitiun niniipi>t violence or diirc'^s is taken in 
pnu'tiec when llie ^us|n>el is a VS ritizen or ally as afjainst 
an rtctuni or |>olential enenu\ in peace as a;;;uii^l war. and in 
ivhpt-cl to thi' nature of the crime. ... In inielIi;rrTii*e, the 
stnke- involved and the inti'rests of national si'curity may 
permit a more toli-innt interpi-etatioii of moral-ethical values, 
hut not le^ial limits, throu;:h uei-essiTy. . . , Any claim 

'"'ii'"!.. p mo 3. 

•^" Sl»TTrii»R.iK.rL OEHTni inn THIRD rU ANTE. 7 C'/ei.p 1, 



MORI DocID: 163357 




_f - 




97 

417 

ajraiiist tl»p VS Government for illept^d injury- due to EA 
ITi^O must be leprally shown lo have been du€ to the mnteri&L 
Proji^r secnrity oi>d ap|>rnprinle operation.il techniques 
can protect the fact of employment of EA lT;iO."* 

On the basis of this evahintion, the st rly concluded that in view of 
"ihe stakes involved and the interests ofnational security," the pro- 
posed plan for field te^if inpshoukl be approved. 

The surreptitious administration of dru^ to unwitting: subjects by 
the Army raises serious constitutional and lepnl issues. The considera- 
tion piven tho^p jpeues by the Army was wholly insufficient. The char- 
actor of the AnnyV volunteer test inp proprnm'and (he possibility that 
dru;:s wei-o j^imj^ly substituted for other forms of vinlence or duress in 
field inlerm^rations raises serious doubts as to whetJ^er national se- 
ruriiy imiieraiives were pmprrlv interpreted. The '^conj*nt" forms 
whiclj eacli An^erican volunteer sipned prior to the adjninistrution of 
I-SI) are a case in pojuu These forms contained no mention of the 
medical and psycho lopica I risks inliei'ent in such testing, nor do they 
mention the nature of the psychotrophic drug to be administered: 

Tlie f^uenil nature of the experiments in which I have 
voliuteetT^l. Iiave been explained to me from the standpoint 
of j'f-^sible li,i::.Md5 lomy nenlth. /( m m^ vriderfitandhn? that 
the tX|)eritni ;- are so designed, based on the results of 
aniinals and \-.^ vious human experimentation, th'it the antic- 
ip/rfed n.^vh^ xt-tif justify the performatuc of fhc ex]>eri- 
mttit. 1 understaiul further that experiments will be so con- 
duced as to avoid nil iinnere^sarv phvsical an<1 medical 
suffering and injury, and that / inll he at lihcrty to request 
. that ffu-iT/irriwitifs be tct^ihwtttl at any time if in mv opin- 
ion 1 hiivc reached the physical or mental state where con- 
tinuation nf the experijnents becomes undesimble, 

/ rrtogi'ize that in the pursuit of certain experiments 
transitory discomfort ntay orcvr. 1 recognize, also, that under 
these circuni=tances, / mu*it refy -upon the jtkiU and irtBdom 
of the physician aupnii^ing thr eTpcn'm^nt to institute what- 
ever medirnl or sur^ncai measures are indicated. fEmnhasis 
addrdO *" 

The exclusion of any specific discussion of the nature of I^D in 
tlu^se forms raises serious douhisas to their vaH<liiy. An "nmlerstand- 
int' » • . that tfie anticiitated results will justify ihe performance of 
tfic ex|ieriment" without full knowledge of the nature of the experi- 
ment is an innonipleti- "understaiuling/" Similarly, tlie nature of the 
experiment limited the ability of both the subject to request its re- 
quest it ^^ termination and the experimenter to implement such a request. 
Fiiinllv, the euphi>inisiic characteiization of "Iransitorv discomfort*" 
and thi- agreement to *'n'ly on the skill and wisdom of the jdivsiciau*' 
combine t» ronci^al inlierent ri^k^ in the experimentation and'mnv be 
viewed iis disolving the ex|>eriinentcr of i>erM>nal respoiksihilily' for 
daiJKjgiug afterf ffert5. In suminary. a ^'volunteer" program in which 
suhjiTis are not fully informed of potential hazards to their persons 
IS "volunteer" in name onl w 

ml'^*^'^'^*"'^*'"**^' "MUerial Twiirii; Procrom EA 1729," 10/J5/5d, p. 2«. 
.^nmplp Toluai^PF con»pnt fcrm. 



MORI DocID: 163357 






98 
418 

This problem was compounded by the security stfctements signed 
by each voJunteer befoi-e he paiticipated in the testing. As part of 
this stoteineiit, potential subjecU agieed tliat ihey would : 

p . , not divulge or make available my infornnation reJated 
to U.S. Army intelligence Center interest or participation in 
the Department of the Army Medical Research Volunteer 
Program to any individual, nation, organization, business, 
association, or other group or entity, not officially authorized 
to receive such information. 

I understand thai anv action contrary to the provisions of 
this statement will render me liable to punisJiment under the 
provisions of the Uniform Code of Military Justice.*" 

Under these provisions, a volunteer expcriencine aftereffects of the lest 
mi^t have been unable to seek immediate medical assistance. 

This disrepird for the well-being of subjects drug testing is in- 
excusable. Further, the absence oi any comprehensive long-term 
medical assistance for the subjects of these experiments is not only 
unscientific ; it is also unprofessional 

4. Lack of Xormal Aut?u>rixatwn OTid Supervision 

It is apparent from documents supplied to the Committee that the 
Army^s testing programs often operated under informal and nonrou^ 
tine authorization. Potentially dangerous operations such is these 
testing programs are the very projects ichich ought to be subject to 
the closest internal scrutiny at the highest levels of the military com- 
mand structure. There are numerous examples of inadequate review, 
partial consideration, and incomplete approval in the administration 
of these programs. 

When the first Army prograin to use LSD on American soldiers in 
''field stations" was authorized in May ll'a,'^, the Army violated its 
own procedures in obtaining approval. Under Army Chief of Staff 
MemorandiiMk 38J, such proj>osals were to be peisonally approved by 
the Secretary of (ho Anny. Ahliough tlie plan was submitted to him 
on April iiO, IOjG, the Sitreiary issued no wrillen authorization for 
the project, and there is no evidence that he either reviewed or np- 
prov*'cl the plan. I-#ss limn a month later, the Anny Chief of StatT 
issueil a menioranduin autliorizin^ the tests."" 

^Subsciiuejii testing of I^^T) iinfler Material Tej^ting Pi-ognm EA 
17-2^ ojterated generally under thi= nuthorlr.ntioii. Whpn the plans for 
i)iis testing weiv originnlly disru^sed in onrlv 105^ by ofticiul>^ of the 
Anny Inii-IIi;;cnce Center at Fort HohibinI and rejuTsenlatives of 
the (^heniionl WarfL-iiT Centi^r nt Kdgruood Ar^ei»;il, nn informal pro- 
i>os;jI was forniuhxted. Tliis pit^jwwal was Bulin\ifleil to the Medical 
Kiw^iiirh Dii-eolorale at Kd;:^wood hy tht- Pit'sidont of thp Annv In- 
telligiMico Rojii-d on June H, JD-'iH. TliVrr is no evidmcc ihiit thepLin 
w;ift appiu^cd at nnv level higher thnn the Prp^idciil of the Intclli- 
griu'p Hoard or (he Commanding (lenernl of Kdgowood. l*hf approval 
at Kdp'wood appeal's to have been j^siu'J hy the (^oniniandor s Adju- 
tant. Thv MediiMl ]{i'>4\ii'rh I-!il»oriitorir-^ did not submit thf plan to 
thr .Surgeon Gi-noriil for approval (a st.iiidnrd pi'oce^hn'e) because 



-^:impl^ Voltiin*i*r S^urilT Sfatprtifnl. 
Ai:ri»f Ii,<^.nrrli;"3'in TO, |t IW. 



" 



rw* nf VoI»inf«*r* iu rheniW? 



MORI DocID: 163357 





<■ 




99 

419 

the new progrmm wms ostensibly covered by the buthorizations ffrvit«d 
in May 1956,^" * 

The two projects involving the operational uae of LSD (THIRD 
CHANXE and DERBY HAT) were apparently approved by the 
Army Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence (General WilJems) on 
December 7» 1960.'~ This verbal approval came in the course of a 
briefing on previous drug programs and on the planned field experi- 
mentation. There is no record of written approval being issued by the 
ACS! to authorize these specific projects until January 1961. and 
there is no record of any specific knowledge or approval by the Secre< 
tarj' of the Army. 

On Febninry 4, 1963, Major General C, F. Leonard, Army ACSI, 
for\iai-ded a copy of the THIRD CHANCE Trip Report to Army 
Chief of Staff, Genernl Earl AVheeler. ^" Wheeler had apparently 
requested a copy on February 2. The report was routed through a Gen- 
eral Hamlett. "While this report included background on the origins 
of the LSD tests, it appears that General Wheeler may only have read 
the conclusion and I'ecommendations,"' The office memorandum 
nccompanyinc the Trip Report bears Wheeler 5 initials,'" 

5. Termination of Tenting 

On April 10, 1963, a briefing was held in the ACSI's office on the 
results of Projects THIRD CHANCE and DERBY HAT Both 
SPTs concluded that more field testing was required before LSD 
could be utilized as an integral aid to counterintelligence interroga- 
tions. During the presentation of the DERBY HAT results. General 
Leonard (Deputy ACSI) directed that no further field testing be 
undertaken."' After this meeting the ACSI sent a letter to the Com- 
manding General of the Army Combat Developments Command 
(CDC) requesting that he review THIRD CHAXCE and DERBY 
HAT and ''make a net evaluaticm concerning the adoption of EA 1729 
for future use as an efff'Ctive and profitJibJe aid in counterintelligence 
mteiTopitions." *>' On the same dav the ACSI requested that the CDC 
Commander revise regulation FM 30-17 to read in part : 

• , . in no instance will drugs be used as an aid to interro- 
gations in counterintelligence or security operations without 
prior permission of the Department of the Army. Requests 
tousedrupsasan investigative aid will be forwarded through 
inleni;:.'nce chniinels to the OACSI, DA, for approval. , , . 

Mcdic^tl research has established that information obtained 
through tl»p use of these drugs is unreliable and invalid. _ _ , 

It is considered that DA [Army] approval must be a pre- 
requisite for use of such drugs because, of the moral, legal, 
medical and political problems inherent in their use for intel- 
ligence purposes.'" 



"' /6id.. pp 135. 137. I3fi. 
""Mehovsky Fact Sheet, I2/I»/flO. 

i" ^''"'^'■">**tum from l^nnard to Wlif^^lf r. 2/4/63. 

SGS mrtiioranduiij to \Vlie4i|»r tlirouch Hnnjleit. 2/j/**-3. 



1 



ihiii. 



Xv^'^ ^ Riirijptt. mrmornndiiiHror tlirrwv^ril. S/12/C3. 
lamakl mtiuttronUurn for the record. 7/IC/63. 



tbifl 



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100 

420 

Till* Milr^f'ejurnt iuloi»tion of this rp^uloiioii marked the effective (er- 
JMinatjoiL of titOdroslingof I>SJ)l>y t}i<^ Amiv. 

Thp official t*nuii»atir>u d^ic of these listing proirrajns is rather 
unHcar, but a Jal^r ACril memo indicjites thai it n»ay Jiave occumd 
m boiileinber of l&CX On the 19(J» of that month a mMlifig was held 
bctwt^en JJr Van Sims (Edgewood Arsenal), Major Clovis (Chemi- 
cal Kesearch Laboratoj7), and ACSI rcinissenmives (General 

DcholmaiKi Colonel Schmidt). "As a result of this confpi^nce a deter- 
mijiiitioii was made ro suspend the projfrum and any furtlier activity 
pemlJiig a more profit^Je and suitable use,"' "• 

1>. CtK^rKK-^TIi.N AND COMPITITJO-X AhONG THE IntELLICENLE CoM" 

MCMTv Agencies and Between Tjuj^e Acjfvcies and Otheh 

JNDMIIHALS and iNSTlTmONS 

L /Mafionslij^ff Am^ng Agencies Within tU hiUlHgtnce Commuttity 
Keblionships among intelligence communitv agencies in this area 
vaned considerably over lime, ranging f lom full coopcintjon to intense 
and uiisleful competition. The early period was marked bv a hich 
de-fce of r^.pcrnnoM among thp ag*>nrie5 of the intelligence conimu- 
njtv. A ff.on;:h tlie military donunaii-d nseiirch involving chemical 
and hiologii >aJ agruls, iUe inform^uion devclojied wns shared with the 
tm and tlu'C lA. Hut the spirit of coo|>eration did not continue. The 
fnjlure hy the mihtaiy (o share information apparently breached the 
spirif^ifnot the letter, of conu>»ands from above. 
As noted al>ove, tjic Army Asaistnnf Chief of Staff for Intelligence 

T^?j%oTw'ir4 l)^*; n''"P"^f^operationnl testing of KSJ» under Pj-oject 
IJIlKJJ < IL\N( h, and expi^esa-d concirn that the project had not 
been cooidmnted with FJ*I and CIA. IVspite this request, no coordj- 
iiMion was achieved between the Armv and cither of tJiesc agencies. 
Jfnd surh cooivration lieen foilhcoming, this projert mav have been 
evahiaterj )n n dit!ViTnt li^ht. 

The comjHiition !>ctflpen the ngi'iuies in (his area i-enrhed bizarre 
levels. A miirtary offii-ertold a CIA repi-esenlalive in coufidcn*^ about 

f\^i r V 'i''^'^ ^'''^ testing of I,SI) in Knroj)e under I'roject THIRD 
C ltA>t K and the CIA prnnij.tiv attempted to lejirn suri-eplitiouslv 
the njilurn and cxteiii of (he pnignun. At ronghlv the same time Mr, 
Jliljii>iir;.'ii<'d tothr I>lK*l thai the unwitting te^ting pro;:i am sljouhl 
Ijerontiumd^RSit contrilmird to the CJA's capahilitv in the nrea nnd 
thus nlhnved lh<> CIA "to ivslriiin others in the intelligence comnumitv 
(stirh as the IVpartmout of Ufensc) fitmi j>ursuin;: operations." "• 
The .MKNAOMl pr<^gram was also marked hv n failure to shai-e 
nif.jrm.ation. The Army Si)e<iul Fohts (tlic j>rinci|Ml customci of the 
Nfjcfjnl Ojicratinns Division at Fort Dictrick) and the CIA rather 
than ntfempting to coordinate their efforts promulgated different re- 
<|iiin-mrnis nhiih vari<il only slighily. Tlus opp;wentlv resulted in 
some dn|iltrnti'>n of etfort. In order to insui-c the seciirilv of CIA 
nj>eratir>irs, the Agenry would reqiu-ft materials from SOI) foi ojx'ra- 
liojinl iw* without fuHv or aivnniieiv describing the operational 
reqnirerncnt'^, This fvsulieil in limitations on SOD's abilitv to assist 
th. (MA. 



"M-nntfjincliiiii from ihe OIU* n> ihp IKT n^ fH. )>. 2. 



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i 





101 
421 

S. Relationships Between the InteUigenct Community Agencies and 
Foreign Liai-'^ on Service 8 

TIk- siiKjcrts of iho CTA't^ oi>cnitional tt'stinjr of chnnical and bio- 
logiral ip^nts aliix)ad were p^ncrally being lield for inlorroealion by 
foivign inti'llis< m-t* o\ Sfcuriiy orgunizalions. Ahlioupli inlorniation 
ab*nii iho use of drnp^ was generally withlield from those organiza- 
lion'<, cooperation wiUi tlnui neceftsarily jeopardized the security of 
CIA JnioieFt in tlieso lnfllerinl^. Cooi>erntion also placed \\\v American 
CSoveinnK'nt in a position of complicity in actions whicli violated the 
riiriiis of the subjecrs, and which may have violated the laws of the 
country in which the experiment'^ took place. 

Cooperation l»etwet»n the intelligence agencies and orjranizations in 
foivipn eonntrie:^ was not limited to relationship- willi the intelligence 
or inN-rnal security orgnnizations. Some MKVLTRA research was 
conducted abroad. \Vhile this is, in itself, not a questionable practice, 
it is important that such res<*arch abroad not 1)0 undertaken to evade 
AiiH'rican laws. That this was a possibility is suggested by an ARTI- 
CHOKK inemorandujh in which it is noted thai working with the 
seiintisis of a foreign country '*inight !* very advantageous" since 
thai government '*|>ermitit'd certinn activitio'i which were not per- 
mitted by the United Stales governnient (i.e., experiments on anthrax, 
etc,),"*^' 

3. TIi'^ /Mal'Oiis?t^ps Rftxr^iH thr InteUlgencr Community Agencies 
ati^t Othi r Agmn'is of the CS, Goverumettt 

Certain V.S, government aprncies actively assisted the efforts of 
intrlligiii'-e agnncips in this ari-a. One form of assistance was to pro- 
vidi- 'Vovf'r" for research coutrarts let by intelligence agencies, in 
ordrr to ili-ginso intelligence community interest in chemical and 
biologif'al agrnts. 

Oifier form-- of assistance raise more serious questions. Although 
th** fJA's projirt involving the surreptitious' administration of L^D 
wa-- eombjoled hy Iluronu of Narcoiics personnel, there was no open 
conn<H*tioji Utwi-en the Hurean ]ier>onnel and ihr Agency. The Bureau 
w a- ^*r\ ing as a "eui-ont" in onlf r to make it tlifhcult to trace Agoncy 
participation. The cut -out arrangnmrnt, however, reduced the CIA s 
ahilily to control the program. Thr Agency could not control the 
pnMV'S by whicli suLiiH'is weiv sili-ctrd and I'ldtivated. and couhl not 
regirl:iTe follow-up after the testing, Moreover, as the CIA's Insixsrtor 
(trinMiil noli*d : "tb*^ haiulliug of test subjerts in the last analysis rests 
Willi thf [liuT-eau of Nareotirs] agent working alone. Suppression of 
kuowk'dgi' of critical rf'sults from the lop CIA management is an 
inheivnt risk in these o[>eintion*." ^^' The arrangement also made it 
impotsihh' for the Agonry to In* certain that the decision to end the 
surn-piiriou> ndriiiniMration of LSD woubl In* honored by the Bureau 
[lersoniiel. 

Tlio arrangeiuent with the Bumnu of Narcotics was descrilvd as 
'*info[infil." »■'' Tin- infoijualitv of the arrangement comixtnnded the 
problem is aggravated by the fact that the 40 Committee has had vir- 

"^ AHTirii">KF MPTiiornnilnm. fi 13 "►2. 
^'K; K.|*»rr i»nMKrLTR.\.]^>G.T|i. 14- 

'^Ihur This WQ<: Takm Ut nn^ Acfmy offk'inl to m^iD that lhp«* would be no 
UTifr»-i> nmrrarl nnd no fonmil iinH^luiriism for imynipnt. (Elder. 12/1S/75, p, 31,) 




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^'m.\^ -'-.^ 



, H ^ 




102 

422 

anpaiviit imnillin-rnpss on thr iiarf of llir Bui-oau's leatlcr^hip to ask 
for (Ictuil^. an«l tl.r CIA"> lio^itulion in voluntt-eriiip information. 
Tlu*>o pi-oblcrji^ raise scnoua questions of conuiiancl and control within 
the Hurenu- 

4. RrlationAhip^ Between the IntclUg^nce Commuy\ity Agrvcirn and 
Other Inttitufiom and Itidtviduoh^ Piihlir and rricate 

Tlic Ins^pcrior Generals lOCi."^ Survey of MKTLTRA noted 
ihitt "llie research aiul dovc!o]nnerit" phase ^t\s conducted through 
shnidin;! arran^'emoiitji wiih "siierialists in universities, pharmaceu- 
tical lion'*ey, hospitals. State and federal institntions. and private re- 
seardi orpin izahons" in a manner \v}iic}j coiicealeil '*froni the institu- 
tion tlie inurosis of the CIA." Onl.v a few *'key individuals" in each 
institution were ^'n.adc wiitinp of A-.t-ncy sponsorship."' The research 
and devcloptuent phase was succeeded by a phase involvinj! **phy- 
sicians, (oMcolo;:ists, and other specialists in mental, narcotics, and 
pencrjil ho^pituls and prisons, who are provided the pro-lncts and 
fiiidin;:?^ of (liel>jisic re^arcli projects and proceed wltli intensive teSt- 
inir^in IjuTnan snh}ecls." "* 

AccordJn;: to tlic ln£|vr-tor General, the MKl'I-TRA testing pro- 
jrrams wcrv '\Mjnducted niidrr accepted scientific procedures . . . 
whrrc h.'iilili iwrruits, test snhjet-ts are voluntary participants in the 
pro^riams.""* T!»ift wn? clearly not true jn the project involvinjr the 
surn-ptiiioiK administration of 1-ST). which wa= marked by a com- 
piHe lack of screen i[i;:. medical supervision, opi>ort unity to observe, or 
medical or psvrliolop<^al follow-up. 

The inlellipncr npcmles allowed individual researchers to desicn 
their proji'ct. Kxi-erinients sponsore<l by thes*' researclicre (which in- 
rludfd one whrre naivotics addirti^ weiv S4'nt 1o I/^xin;rton, Kentucky, 
who were rewarded wiih (he din^: of their addiction in return for 
partiripation in experiment- with l^'^Dl call into question the deci- 
sion by the ai;»*nrie= not to H\ puididii^es for the experiment 5. 

Thr MKVl-THA rescarcli an*! developmenl pro^'tain raises other 
ijnestioiis, aswidl. It is not clear whei her individuals in prisons, menial. 
narcotics and peneral ho>pil;ils can provide "informed consent", to 
partiripation in c\|H"rinH'nl> sm h a< these, Tlierr is donbt n« to whether 
institutions should W unwitti)!-: of ihr ultituatc sponsor of rescairh 
Usn^ done in their facilities. The nnlnrc of the arrangements al^o 
made it ini|>ossible for tJie in«livt<hials who were not awure of tbe 
s|>onsoi of the research to exercisi' any choice alH>ni tbcir participa- 
tion based on ibe fiponsorin-r or;r:<ni''!ii<'>"' 

Allhou-jh ffrealer i>rccaulions aic now l*eiu£! taken in research con- 

dncfi^d on Ix'haif of the iutellifrence community ai-enries, the dilennna 
of clasfiifii-ation i-emnins. These a^rencies obvion-ily wi^heil to conceal 
thi'ir intrresi In roil a in fornts of i-esearrb it* order to avoid Minuilatinp 
intojTst in the snnii* arens by ho^lilo povernnu^nts. In some cases today 
contractoi-s or resenrchers wish to conceal tlieir connection with these 
ajrencie*i. Yet the fact of chissifiralion luwents o^jcn di^^cnssioii and 
debate npim whJL^h schohirlv work drpchils. 



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103 



APPENDIX B 

norVMENTP FEFERFIXG TO DISCOVERY 



OF ADDI- 



TIONAL MKILTKA MATERIAL 



22 June 1977 



ME!'OR.*XDir.l FOR: 

r 

THROUGH t 

SUBJECT : 



Deputy UirectOT of Central Intelllfcncc 

Deputy Director for Science end Technolog: 

Request for Guidancs on Hvndtini; 
Recently Locaicd MWULTRA lleteriel 



1. (U/AIUO) This penorand-jn is to edvisc you thet 

■dditionel HhULTFL* documents hive been discovered and to 
cbt»in your »?pro\"il for follo^v-on ections required. 
Perejraph 7 coTitiins e reconrienied course of action. 

. 2. CU/AIUO) As ■ re»ult of John fUrli FOIA re- 
quest (F-76-374J, ill of the MKl'LTfU r-*tcrial in OTS 
possession was revie^^ed for possible release to hin_ 
Following that reviev, the CTS r»teri») in the Ueiirefl 
Records CtntCT was searched. It wis durin; that litter 
learch thai the lubrrojecc files vera located among ih* 
retired records of the OTS Budget and Fiscal Section. 
These files v-ere not discovered earlier is the eirlier 
searches were linltrd to the exininition of the jctive 
and retired records of those branches considered »oSt 
likely to have fenented or hive had access tp HKULTRA 
documents. Those branches included: Cheniiiry, 
Biolosicil, Behavioral Activities, and Contracts Minajie- 
ment. Because Dr, Goitlieb retrieved and destroyed all 
the WKUlTR-i documents he vis able to locate, it is not 
surprisinc thit the earlier aeirch for MKULTR.* document* 
directed at ams where they were nost likely to be found. 
VIS unsuccessful. The purpose of establishing the MKULTR.-. 
nechmisn w»s to linit knouledpe of the sensitive vort 
bein; perforred lo those with in absolute neeJ to Vnov. , 
If those precepts had been followed, the recently found _ - 
BtF files should have contained only fin-rciil and 
adnini strat ive document s. (In rciroipect. I res lire that 

Otduf'ft*^ br 

1 1 JUL 





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104 



>,j. .J !-, - : 



Rcqur»t for CuUar.c! or. H-^ilin- R-c - 

Lot. led M.;:;LTr.A :i^zcTij,i 



C ?erij;jj sttot i-a^ fiad 



1-:; 



rr?-»«- 








-t;3j« 





MORI DocID: 163357 



105 



1 

I 

r 




<T!- 17CT' Ftr-^Cft for Guidance on M»nc!lln( Recently 

' Lfc.itcz.^:-;LULT!:A >:aicrial 

The ccritriy-iicr. cojld be contTovcr; i*3 in ihat it w»« 
■i,idc tJiTCU^h A rci^snisr. nzkir.f it *7ipeJT to b& ■ ptj vaT c 
i^£*irxic^, ?rivi:e donations (iualificJ for, *"*^*-^— j - IL^ 
pr'.-Jf[? ;;j?!5 . rpz*i\'ef _ ar, ecuaa anoi:m of Fetieral ^3-lC^in; 
junds, A jc^^er :td- the "Office cf Cc:irril Counsel ^iteci 
;i FetT-tar" :?:- ittejtinc to the le;»]iiy of thi» funiin; 
is in the file. ' 

6. ■(■."'AlLOj The Lefis lativc Counsel hts been 
Kide •w*re cc the exl-tcnce of theje •dtiiifcciil WKULTrJ 
docur?enT» v:-!=h arc stil) under revitk «-i »s:)iii:aiiori. 
The MiRilS ;a*e i» In litifation *ri ve ire eonnitted lo 
Efvis* ::r, ::=r:-:* cf the existence cf t^.esc file* »hoTTly^, 
and to cflivir T:h* Ttlsissbie tiierial tc M» •ttorney* 
bv 31 Jul"- r^ Ari'.tT iror.. the Irforr-at ic:^ isd Privacy 
Staff te Mr. ::a*l.*' fiicrney* irfcrTrirp tncrr. of the 
e\i«ter,Ci^ cf thS* c*teri*l ii in the eccriination process 
anc if iz'^.tl-lwi to ce ciiiei on 7~ JuT^e. 



be tikei: 



"J/AI","?' There are rev t>.o aciioi^f that ihould 



yir, ::zr':.^' c:^oTi,eys a* rrri::T*c b; FJIA liti;atior.- 

I, Ir.frr- ih- Eenai* Stltct Co-njiiee of the 
e.\i*T»-c; c: the reccrtJv located Ttcord> prior tt 
infcr-ir- !:r. >:a7K? 



atiOTncys. 
It is Tecc:irer.c ?^ that you approve of berh of these acticrj. 

r 

S- iV/Ai'tJCJ If additiDT.,i: details or. tbe eontcT^ts 
of thi» Ti:.^cviz.l arr acfircd, the CTS officerf cost £=-i:iaT 
viT.\ ii a*c ^rej^aved to brief yoi: at your convenience- 

Dcvid 5. Bratiducin 

riTCCtOT 

Pfi ice of Technical Service 






MORI DocID: 163357 




lOU 



The D«n:tDr of CcnioF Intdlfpnn 




The Honortble Dinlel fc, Inouye, Ch«irmin 
Select Cocinlttee on IntelTlgcnce 
United Sutes Senate 

bUshington, O.C ZOSIO 

Dc«r Mr. ChalnMn: 

Duptng the course of 1975 wtien the Senate DMnfttec, chaired 
by Senator Church. «es Investigating IntcIHgtnce tctfi^ltles, the 
CJA »is aiked to produce documentation on a program of experljnenutlon 
with the effect cf dn.gt. Under thli project conducted fro» 1953 
to 1964 and knoMi « "MK-HTftA,- tests were conducted on Anrlcan 
Citizens In some ca^es wUhout their knovTed^e. The CIA, after 
•earchfng for such docianentatlon. reporud that aost of the aocuwnts 
Oft this wtter hive been destroyed, I find It m duty to report 
*? y*'" /«»" that our continuing search for drug related, as wTl as 
other docuwfits, ht£ uncovered cerUJn papers which bear on this 
T.ll1^\ "'» -e hasten to add th«t I «■ persuaded that there was no 
previous Utempt to conceal this Mterlal In the original T975 
exploration. " The ««ter1al recently discovered was in the retired 
archives filed under financial accounts and only uncovered by using 
extraordinary and extensive search efforts. In this connection, 
incidentally, I have personally comended the cnployec «fkose diligence 
produced this find. 

Because the ne« niterial nm on hand Is prlrnirily of a financial 
rtature. It does not present a complete picture of the field of druo 
ewH«ntal1or, activity but It does provide mre detail than was 
previously available to us. For exa>ple. the foHo-ing types of 
activities were undcruken: 

a. Possible additional cases of drugs being tested on 
Anerican citizens, without their knowledge. 

b. Research h«s undertaJtcn on surreptitious evthods of 
administering drugs- 

c. Some of the persons chosen for expertiwntation were 
drug addicts or alcoholics. 

d. Research Into the development of a knockout or 'K* 
drug rias performed In conjunction with being &>nt to 
develop pain killers for advanced cancer patients, and tests 
on such patients were carried out. 



MORI DocID: 163357 




107 




B, Ttwre U t possibility of in improper piyrwnt to « 
private Institutlan. 

Th« drug related actlvitlei described Ifl t^^s ne-ly located "-terial 
iewn iU't 25 ye.ri ago. I assure you they were diseont.rued over 
JO years ago and do not take place today. 

In keeping with the President's cor-iltment to disclose any orron 

of the Intelligence Cowwnlty «Hich are '"'"^•i:!^--',^';!;. It „5^.hi. 
volunteer to tHtlfy before your CmnittM on the full ^jafls Of this 
"lor uMte series if .vents. 1 an in the process of reading the 

fairly voluminous -aterial <"«> -•1 •"" * :::V^?tt« will be 

I twve a compleW picture when I talk with the Conmittee. I will b* 
In touch with you next week to discuss when hearings «ight be 
scheduled at the •irliest opportunity. 



I regret ti*v^ng to brfng this Issue to your ittentlon, 

Mat it 1* essentl/ to your oversight procedures that you 
infonned In • tlpely Moner. 



, but I knOM 
be kept fully 



Tours sincere 




5TANSFIELD IWilR 




MORI DocID: 163357 





109 



APPENDIX C 



IX)ri'MENTS REFERRING TO SrKPROJECTS 



«ii« 



mujr 

l*»y 1953 










WVSI9 ud OSS vcfT^mnem dtrlaj World WM U. It hu toMa of 

^J"'"'-- ^ ^» *»« "f wlu. la eci]UctlD« Irdl-ldialB ts U> 
dS0i4B^"*» »«1 Id aatt^4c up pro>et. ti»r», aod t:* haa 
flcEt rf=r> 5is*alf ntleb haa cMtfibulad ts tbt tCC^Vi*. Titli.. Ui 
FTcfriilcaal ■c--i-^_tl«> ad town adeaaetlac^ wm tte 



— ^- 



•- hlKalUfitoui TVHD-Tb ud tvitlu at-vtc*t IB tte 

*' *•!■«=■( ai a emtaet aad Mt-*ut for prr'ttti tfi tt» 
- "ra. 



■b 



(, 



c. 






Am Iwvtvd l£ tbm ctotrml 



ror * ^r;aa of — 



T on a c?nt«K 



iw cliKZ-^ tLm^h TOr 





-,<- 



C^fi;=ai Dlviiior/TM 




»*-4(^f' o ■ 77 - ■ 



MORI DocID: 163357 





( 



11., t Jfl 1^77 



110 




^-ri 



jtfwcyro: 




»1 ^nHim/Y. 



-?' - 



MCCTAM 4f»0«ai 




At^vSstBt: 



0-l£iul Ool7' 









-a^ 






CAit B *■ ^ -if.L 




MORI DocID: 163357 



111 




V 1 



Objcctly ; Tq Btud; tb* po»t^l« ■j'EwrclBttc mctton of dru^i 
vUcb w^r b« •ppropTtAt* for om la abolUblai cauctouD***. 



aitu»tlc g; Thar* 1« r«Ksoo to Wli**« tbAt tvo ir 
ui*d Id coBbiaatton, at* kit* afftctlT* tbaa vlcflt dmc*. 
Tbr cvbtovd tffftct of «ci^ Arut** ivct «■ ccabi^tloo oT 
fawbitm-*t*v, ftn'kacire. Vitb otbar evfit^ttoUp tte d«<rH 
of BT^crilSB l» sot bovQ. If cett«id«rall« iTovrEln Is fauod 
to iTliti, tvo 70«»lbtllttM vjut ba CKi*td*tvd: (1) ttat a 
ptrticuljLTlgr lutfol caabloatloo bbt W found, sod (2) ttat a 
particular coHbtoatloo ^j ba baxarioua bvcauaa oT Its affect 
oa mpintion or acaa Otbar vital function. To Blolaita 
baiardi, anl^l azparlmanta aboald pracada bi^a erpcT-lBaQta, 



8 



Preoc^al i Allocation of tlOOO for ftalaal irpe-lsHti, to ba 
drmvc xn aa naadad. That avparl^rati ba conducted laf orcally 
■t "^£09 vltbout a ipcclflc C^nt, and vitt appr^Tpriata cortr. 





MORI DocID: 163357 




-^ - - ^^ 




112 




tfdlt 



FRCPCSAl 



CT)3«tlTg: To V"^ 



Ftbodi for tb* adalaiatTvttoo of &ru£> 



TlthOOt tte 



kDCMladf* rf the i*tl»Bt, PT*pM»tlon tf s »ui-l- 



_*i.' - 



jtot^. A .urr^ of -ttod. irtiUi b»»* ^o utd ^ crt*lD*l- 
payc^tcdyrmlc* of •ItmtlOBa of ttl* B»tur», 



Pr^c»l : Tl-t #1000 ^ .llbctrf r<n- ttl. 



fudm to 







MORI DocID; 163357 



.*^ 




riJlB 



* JUfl-f-,^ 



113 



lA ft 



s» 



OM JfEi 2B laaBD 



mjvvt NTDUU, 9ubfavj*ct m t 



t - 




20 U balDC t&ltUt«d %0 

to U* ICUUSl 




S« biu b*ifi of ^fftloft la thfl 



l^lvUmla la t^ 




3* Bidi^oJ*at a£ woU laalttfc tte f«U#vi^: 



la tta 



flslA of WULISi. 



(b) 

Is tbi 



idisu n« 




asioBt for proi««t« 

thD«i lAWtfld U 






projavt* la 
lMat«d la tte o«ti^ 



iM tte Mnruu ri»u« 



B* vDcCd «et KB avdlcal 

■ad hi* 





•tftftblUb- 



vin ba rvl^^n-B^ for bla 
Ipt tf AD lonlo* ftt lrr«pilar 



«M af « 

nlabiTOTd 1a tha 



, th«7 vUl b* docinuMd ud 
1 ^.»*j t^t it, OODAlVUat vltb 




ti:e — * ' -"^ 1^' 



^ ^- hn* 4-f 



MORI DocID: 163357 




114 



* Ofltttbai iy>3 



tttDi^JrUCHLiM TOR tSE RECCCQ 



aUBJTCT: 



P»J«ct XCTLTRl, Subprojvct l£ 



1. ffubpro>et 16 li ■ eoQtlau*tlo& of »ubproJ*et 3, tfblch 
l3TQlv»4 th* ■■tAbllabaBDt «ad BblDtenue* of f*ellltie» for tte 
p»»l'itic Uitlaa of etrtalA r*«*ftnb ud d«*«loF3ist itvu of 
lotenst to CD/TSS ud APD/TSS, Tb« f«llltl«i vtr* Ht up ludtr 
Sutproject 3, ajMl Subprojvct l6 l» latvodsd to provlO* for t^ 
cQBtlAuad MftiotcnuM* of Um fAclUtlva. 



, * — 



2. ftu^rojcct 3 vu orlfflAftlly liit*nd«d to pmldA fuada for tte 
SiLlAtcauct of tb« fftcilltl«o for eoa jtv, but it tvni out that t^ 
coiti of ttlUntlooA, «4ul;B*Dt, aeA Initial A^pllta v*r« midtr- 

t>t:s»t«d Is SuJiprvj«ct 3i bract the Dcetiiltr to <it«bllih Subbro'*ct 
l£ at tus Um. 




3- 9ubproJ»ct 16 viU W cAiduetcd '^r^^C^BBOKL a C^ 
b CtrtaiB iURport actlvltl^* will b« pronitd oy CD/TSS 



^. Tbt ■■tlaatad cewt for a parlod ef 



7«ar U tr^TU.OO. 



AID KSCOfiSNECt): 




,T CCTTUIB 
CUef 
Cb«alcal DlTialoo, Tss 

ATFFtQVtD rot OBLICLinOK 
(F rUIDS; — 





Dftta: / C5 CC^Z^L'f 



Ortglsal Onl7. 





MORI DocID: 163357 





115 




- I 



>1jo fo^Ed tt bu4 to n:d«r*tAnd bcv ^SSBM* got lij all tta» \{^~"^ --'V 

;' .'. that' K^r*^ to =lei3te the =»0s*7-i*cJ«n- Ituci*ttr' cct^ijz-cs'-ed d- -- 
■' ' *^^A^^£^^ ' ■•Q^ •!■» klodlj' Mid b« vol v«ll cci^;^£ttd wlti ^C-"^ 

?-'.,«:jpi tte Jclft Accost A j ^ci w nt «iul t2v t!ff«* U^Aticv cnrdi "^ ' -'-^'^ 




,\- cc=p»fll»B,^ t^., yPQ »in TOdffrttacd that treat lis -t« J*^::^!! ' - -" ' 
.' — C;£* pvraoDiIltT Is tb* for* ofMJ g_LJglg a ii *»Ht:£ a Uttlt /* ■ ^ 










MORI DocID: 163357 




^*- ^ - ^ 



SUBJ2CT- 



116 



.L^ 



U The «op. of ttli p«.mt U lrtjjjl<X^«^?JJ^l^ 
•icti vlti & ^li^l* pTo;«t cort Enteral l3 lt# »7?r«^- 




3. ^ total cort ar til. ;«;«•. f^r . J.rt=i rf co. v»=^ "--U 
ccl onwi JUS, TOO. SO. g^ 

b Dr WtttltBf^^t >>"" jrtotrt a Tap Unrmi Cl«=r=EM b? 




CS«=lT--^i-iJlct, lii 



f?::-ui .■'7/.C-.T3 





-:>:im. -> *- 1-^ - "^ 



?a cr^i^rc: 



c? r,-:^^: 







--^*-- 



7r-.T^37- 





MORI DocID: 163357 





117 



w« tff *«A-v* la 



tfa»t U4 la fruHt AiT «•• ■ 



■r 



*«*t« ^tfl 



1 . a* vui«u thecal 



la ca ^iltj 



tarvitloi*' v iratbtiiMi ulIl W t««i«d « 



ftlflu hIbJ fulIitlBi vin W 












4 - AdaqMt* nfaru «tll ba 



ktt^ tf tk> ^**^*r mx. ^krttrlj 



CJiZ «Jll«t«BC 



^ U f*fiUlttM 

, ate. 



tDtiL 







4,000.00 




1, ju.ee 

>, 100.00 




^.aoe.oB 






SK^ioe.OD 


«,000.00 




4,000.00 




1,000.00 

a.TO.oo 






u.ooa.DO 


1 


43,7D0.tt> 




MORI DocID: 163357 




118 




lecnutDW fCK ts nc«B 



la tin Stopi tf iubpn>ct 33 > frojKt ICDLSU 



,L^ 



1, Dut to •/eoB»ia*i»bl« iDCrvftH lA tb» lecr^ of tta* wort iBd«r- 
tAk« ^ JM^HMW*-- th« dlrvctloe of TSS/^ inl*r Sutrrojcet 71, 
?«>ct «FraL3lA, ll» »W,TOO.X M ortfljiiUj c*Uf»t*d fo r thli «rk 
la la»ufricl«t to eowr th« jiu-'a eo«t#. It !• th«T«fo»» pRipo««« to 
■dd »15,OCO.QO to thftt >ljw47 obUotod aia-t thl# .»ibp»Jocl- 

2. tha totol «0»t of thl* 9ttbproj*ct f«r tta ptrlod 26 Ja»»rr 195^ 
to 2S JttiMZT 1955 VIU t^ui nooQt to $^,7130.00. 

t, Ao locT«*M la ieopo rw»?0Ml^U for tUi »t^oo^ vaa«lft« ^ 
ttat danloivat u^ p«rtl&l flauieloc of no aw •Mreaa of ^lolociCftUT 
Mtl** e«HpoAd« tf UtarvMt la tta profnB TSfl/CS la oATTTlnt o^^* 




fl"^ 



CtaBleal DLnaloo. T9& 








:? 




SElaf, tbdUe*! DLiaioQ, TS3 





MORI DocID: 163357 





119 



25 Aiifu" 1955 



MEMCVtAllCUK rCR: ZBC ISCCRC 



8U3JECT: 



AuthorltAtloc for FftyBsct of C*]rt4dD &cp«ni«i thidir 



1. Id or^r to GUTj B the vork of tto* b^ovv SubproJ*ct, -It 
v*i D»c«iMry to t«a^ tb« •ffvet* of e«rtaln eh«aie«kl tu'b«tanc«> 

vheo a^tlEiaUrvd to fcuvAO oaingv- Ctrtala of tlse ftotlclpAt#d 
«ff«ctt Involvvd Bcntal fuDctlai> vtilc!) precluded tlw ii«« of atat«l 
dftr*ctlv«i for thl* pftrtleul*r •tudar. 

2- In Tiav «f tb«H clrcumat^acvt th« 
vvr'^ftl ApprtrrvJ. fros bl> chief, autlicrlsri tba 
boiplt«l« V2pvTi*e« at otrtftlo jvrvcns •ufferlo^ 
for tb* pnvil*B« of vtud/Uc tha #ff*cts of tlwftv 
thttr torvlaal lllseiaca, Ihe totAl fund< opeadsd 
•mouDtod to 965^'OS ud full v«Iu« 



VI th 
to pft7 tb* 

UCUf^bl* CADCtr 

cbaalcftli Aurlni 
la thla fft«Uev 



3- Xt L« r«qucat*4 th&t tb« Chltf, B5 lndJ»t« hli ksovltd^ 
vut B^nprBJ. Of thi> partlmlu' axpradltuiv for «i4dlt pur700««< 




APP?CVn): 




Cnitf, 3S 



Orlg. - 15S/CD 







TSS/Chvolc&l MvlsiCB 
AFP!tOT^; 




.^Chief, 





MORI DocID: 163357 




120 



21 rccecbtr 195^ 










1. Will« tli« Plreetcr's it»*,utory luthorliy to experjl fucdi 
fcr «:iXie=ntl»l Furposes li no^ llult*! by lev, v« bclltve tzat 
« gift of 00T*rr.-=EOt fu=da >c lucb vould «cetd tht tteat of the 

fcr the tyi^e-% rur^oie of produclr^ wr-«tilr^ of «!« t« thlj 

^cU ftx=ect«tlorv th»t tl. mlut My b. rec.l^Trd, th« £irt ™y Id 
effect be txi eK?*nflltur« for prcyer official pui^iti. 

2 Iti Subyroject 35, It li fltettd that the donation In 
f,ues*-lon vould «aieve eer--ala Kid; d«»iT«d by T5Sr Tctr* *e*a» 
ta b* no question ti»t tho« end* vould be •dv*=ta€«>u« , bo the 
wilD qu«stlcos erpear to be whether they eouid cot be attained 
by cnr» dirtct, Lorr^al vet^odi, efi4. IT not, wbexher the «tum 
19 necessary end renioneble In relation to the donation, 

3 Ue ere la no i>o«ltlon to re-zlev the requlreseoti of TSS 
cr to flj— ixlae the edvcjitase* th»t would result Troa this project. 
He do cot cc=erA, th*re:'5re, on the veiue receiv«l if the 
project re;tl*-i la the be::sfit* foreseta. Ve feel «• ih«?uld 
correct on fectsrs affectlr^ the prob-bllity of achieviae those 
ei^i* In t lecil «Qse, there U llttl* or ao ccTitrol. Or-ce 

the f^jTi* ore dor^ted, the Iniivldual, hli foutiatlon, or the 
bocpltfcL ctuld concelvmbly refuae to uorjt fcr ua or ello-J us the 
use or the fsc^^lties. 

k. PrEct-caliyj the control le"* to be establlihed fte vtU 
» clrc'^ritincei permit, CertmirJ.y, as lonfi as the Individual la 
fcllve and la bis p^-e&c.nt position, v« have every reaion to espect 
his complete cooperation la the future aa la the pa*t, unleie 
ttrouffh a&w B5t or fault Of our own be la alienated. £v«n in the 
event Of bis death or incipaclty, there appears to he a reoMoable 






— - J."-!; ri ^'i ij7-i:fi 



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MORI DocID: 163357 





121 



ctn bt r.o Itfiol cbj*ction to t^;* ■tpuci or ^^.e prc^^c^* 

5- It *^eiild be rotca thzt th-r<: tr* tvp eLrc*=*ttt:ice2 vilcb 

lourct, ^TJiil- lncT?25e th3 s^tc^ir,; Crv?rT-=.':^ cc-^l^-t;::i by • 
»i=ii*r nrt^i:;;! -£ie-i vc iltl nat be th» catc If It vtre >j.3vn ^hat 
ttlz vm* la ra=t * G^vcriT^a-* cor.trlb^-,!^:: dso, Sec^nily, It li 
the 5'-i--cd ?^l:=y of "-.t Ut^l'-al t5 cJ-^rt-" '-« Ccve— _-<;r.« t.-i 
c=-^*rc;Bl 0^2-"-=^----' ^ ?*' c«i:t cv*;-h-?r.'^ 9- r3s*r:r-t cirtr-iisti, 
vhtrcii acr^rcfit tzs/it^T^i^:^ y^y only di^ctt cc^^4 b-t cc ov,-r.--ad, 
n^ca-ie of t.-.- 04t?^3tblc j;ur;a, our f~^-**^"^ vi.12. rot be chjir£«*l 
overhead- Thi* C3Lj.fl be eocitrued es ctrilly tfrcr^f^il ts t:*c 
bcirml, «i r.tmilly we \FCild ray t^'.t tC per cer,^ over^etd 
cbiz-j! for jrcj^c-^* per;';mt- Lirect-y f=r us, ttt I ^rlicve 
-_h;i cin b* orr*e*.| at lesat to the a^^uit of Oi-r dar.ttlat, end 
p«r::a:» bv tr.t fuz-^h*-- i-iOL^i by which tte sther Gci!7r^sr-t ci;L-,ri- 
butlor.K era Ir-creosod by ou- dtr^t^cn. In i^.y cȣC, ir t^j 
jr^^cct ij a trrp*r O-t ir.i c-=-- b« ircrf^rrci In this =ac:L5J, 
ie=:;r;:/ d;=-i'ei the** curci;nt£nc»» n^ tL*y, therefore, do 
not (reject a le^&l cbit:Lcl» a» Auch. 

6, W* r«ls*d tb* ^iu5!i:;ti vhether fi^s for ti* bofipltsJ 
cor.Btrvf.lcr. cjuld r,;t b« cbt.-.;-*i fr" otzzi- r,cr=z.l =^?^-tihlt 
sourc?s, li arpiareo l-hat th»;rt wat a »irbr^ r^isliillty t^-t 
the IjidlvliiuzJ c^rterrei could r»ti« ade^ur.te fi-rds fm pri.^te 
rciourcei, but It vm t-e j^^ltvcn of TS; tbit If this uers '_-i- 
ca«* ve vauld cot obtain tAc-£0^±t^*nt f^os lh« indlv-l^J. a.id 
t^e dt^ret of cc-trcl vilch tbla pro ie=t is dftil;;::ed to ezhitve- 







General C2.i=«ol 



- . , - r —r 



> rn 









- J 



r? j:-r-i: 



Copy # I oM e J7y 




MORI DocID: 163357 




122 



-H 



« April 1?55 



:iz:2-^:2rz'.'.\ r:n; chicr^ tr/p/rj2 



: Aa^-ir-tT-.t to 2u^rrtje::t 25 Cf ?r^,Vct :i?,TT=U 



V3 hav* c^^si ;-ur =5=cran^'* cf 6 April 1?;5 to the 
Ulr^-tcr r--ji-!tir-i ft irrr^isc cf i25O,<y:0 f?r the T£C 
F^D bu^cjt fcr th-F ?rc^-ct. TM^ rt^utrt decs not tTftct 



iK ftn:' V.-V tt' ccrrjc-ti Iri r^ -i?--r:n;-c: of 21 Dscj-fe^rr 19*t 




;-n2r5l C-u::itl 



^d^ncra^zrd to.- S^ii^ 

t:- ='^tharlly of; 1S74*3 X 



::-' I>:PDE:; CL 3':: IST^TG 



Copy I 1 of 1 cot>v 




MORI DocID: 163357 





123 



IS ATT 




& partlcB cf XLi Rasstrca •ad Drrftl^T^tst ftrjrra of 

■ad i^TuI:;i7f=99J t^ ^« polat v^.«r» t^tt incipient vould ba 
di3cr<fdlt»l lA public. 



3, ritirlAls v-hieb vill pra/c^t or c^u 



tia 



4» Titarljai wiicb will prf:jt« U» istoilc»tl^ ©T- 
fvet of &lcoUol« 



3. y±teTiLlB valc-J3 vill prr-iJc* th« al.^* l;:;^ by::=t^ 
of r£c3,^=id il^ts^sa In o rtrcrslblt w^j co U^^ th=7 csj 



6. J:fttc7l^a which vUl rczd^r Uo Ir^fiustlcw of hn^ottt 



?. E-abstiasw vMcb vUl ft^^hAaev tto obility ©f Ir^i- 
Tldudi to vitl^tird priT^^lC'S, tcrvjr* end ooarclca c^clzj; 






9. Fbr=lc«l £c<^^d3 cf precMSl^s chse:: ud eciiT^^^loa 
oTsr crtended pftrioilA of tlr* aad oa.pAblo cf curr^ptltiou* 
uc*. 



4 

10. Subiti^ev^ vhlcb proUutv phyaitil 
p4TaIj3l]i of tha Iflja, acuta uialjji, •^c, 



dlasblczact auob 



h - 





1 4 -f r ■" * ► 



^ ^. J 







r 



MORI DocID: 163357 





t 



124 



U, £ub3t£nce0 bhioh uUI pr^diut "ps^m^ ci;pheri& vliU co 
K vicr t^at th* ti^iw:^ cf *ti» recipient to b«ccaa dependent 



13p 1 «t3rl-"J. v!ilch vin ciu3« BfatAl cc=r*^ica of such 






19. Subatiacfd tdilch rrcs^ts wi^asa or dlotortlan 
Fer=ar^:;t eiVccti. 

16. A knc:t£;ut ?:11I vhlch csn JurrtptlUcuil^ bo 
«£aialj*^7c4 ia trli^s, food, cisir«ltc», t« la t«re»ol, 
•Ic, vaich ;.-ill b« £^"0 to luo, prvTld* a lu^rl^ja of 
tisccii, c^i bi sult=ll; fcr ^ca bx c^-Bt ^to ea ta 
4d hoo tasia. 



17, A -sst^tal which con bv oarroptlticuslT afalsli* 
tarwl b7 tJ^o &'^7j» routes cmd vhlch iji Ttry '-^^ taT^^to 
vUl »'=* it Lsyca^ihl'a fcr & cm to parfGTE a;:? pb75lCAl 



7t9 dcToIop=»nt of csto7l^c of tWi ty?» rollcji tha 
g^V^-_rr ^ rs'-cUca cf rush >thl=:2 d^iij hcurj; &s 4CS5BttC9B 
4MH I* i> A rtlxktirolT routlas pr:eiM£^:?9 ts dcro-^p .i cj^ 
w tht polat cf h'-siM tc;tlr^. Ci'-irJni7, th* diTi^ hjy:!*; dtp«*d 
inea t!;> c^rric;* c* iTlvito phr-iclai» fcr tl» flc&l clii;i=»-l 
t^'stl^^, '*i:» phjrlciacs era vIIIUig to a!:ru:=o tho tOTCr-elbilltj' 
or T4;i '-cEtj la cTdcr to Pdrt-c# tbo kIcsc^ cf O9dloi!^9, It 
Xt d^jn^iit tad rerjrUntfl l^rc*=*it*l» •cs' T5:^/C3 to orr^r ricii 
r^Q lar-jc^iat wlti rie?=«t tc Its prcd^iota, la pTictic*, It h£« 
biM pofsibl* to iiss outrlc* clcJU'cd eotitraot-rft for iio pr<fli:;:atx7 
F^:jo cr tUf vrr:^, ;>/3»or, t^-t pirt vhi'ih laTOlTea htia::^ 
to^ti^ At c^r:o'.l7« d?30 l^^tlo pritfA^to c^s'jrltx problcu uhlch 
fii-aot tfl h.-£dl*d t7 tb» or-JiaiiT ccatrftclcr. 



-/2 




7^7 -:^'**^^.". 



^^r^'^" 



7 or: J-:-;. J 



X _ 



1' -7 



■'-■ i ,: 






MORI DocID: 163357 








125 



o* 



n 



tailtr fsff th* usr-w^ tacAllj; c:' *ra=.* cJjilcil tout; _ -, 

Tho »e»rlt7 protolc^a =*nllcjwi Bio»» wi jlisinitad b? l-j • 
thftt tht rwrroaaibllltj for tb« Uitia- ^ i . n rfst t c ^j-ctaly 

e-03 lL« rprkcl^ !C^ t±L* barbital, ^tgJgmg/^KMBSiBt^ 

?^'U ti* vsrx viTT c-;;aly ts ctk» eura tiit til Uft» ^ 



Cone^eVi iceoniii* to th* »cc^:i«scd ETUtlui ^Afl C=£;ir **•- 



-/S 



^ to tha rMcjri* scd ;TUtlc«i ^Ad 



- f " 






*. J 



-*'1 




4#'40| n , 11 . * 



MORI DocID: 163357 





126 



■>-> 



10 Uat i«i& 



lUBMlOJZCT 1» or PROJECT MJ^ULTRA 




th^«u5h .ht ■BCBB^SBSWiB'^BnV^ 41 catgut wjueh - 
wiU TwaytlX In ontf'Uxi.-i VT",.,. ir*i« ifi «>e m- ten---,- -i^« h«iai mtfli 



£. At th»i timi {15 jADuarr l^^^j 



»itk CIA 
to Iht csBfltriit 



- 8 




"otch « 



». 



tU OOO, 000 - C«tTlbut£4 by 

ItlftpODO to bv tup^litd by Cl^ 
1,E5Q, OOO - MatcMni fusdi aad« PubU* L*» "I M»»l 
U tb« B-Tic .M ef ->* ew« mbavt coidTibma» 

|1,000»000 - TOTAl. ^ 

will HM b« 



if 



forT^eommg. p^rm.aiiofl ii r*^utittd to incra«tc i:^* Ai»iicv't eofttrkbunao 
by sua. 300 wi.nh Will retuU id a fiiUKial ntuAtifli ■• r«llw*: 

Jl, 000,000 - Contrib*n< b> JUPBBgMjMi^ ^P " ^ 

S)T»,oao tu^p'itc 3, CIA 

t« tht ftms^M sf tn* iwe kbsvi eontribiibaai 
|J,DOQ, 300 - TOTAl. 

4. T:i*ABerKT'>tOBtrvbut-:o* would C:-<tMiJ IJTS'OCO. Tlu> ir.v.^lm.nt, 
io;^t:.ti- witK m* tqi^ml aun tt»*Viin( [rem miuhc* lundi, > ■ r^^v :u itiH«d 
ir. ■'^- ?-::*ion of TS? for rc*»ni whttb -ill bo on^^lxir.cd Ij* S^fl^ - S- 

tm^ =!"•'■ TS5. *nd Dt. I'.dftty Cattli«b» C>i.*r T^S/C^«rr„v j1 Di'^iMflft. 
T..C tCB;*< oC ■ubj>fiijtet JS Ko« not Ci^na.d tirct th. D^rictOT of.i»MlW 
Approved A rt^utitby TSS (or ^rmitnofl t» i^tad S12S,00O of ovuUalo 



.4 







*•■ * 




MORI DocID: 1S3357 





127 



i^i* ,urpB 



i * ' v'^HLP 'Ti'"i'^ i«uriry t*n»i**r»li*ftj *Ed cB*ir irri^c»rr.«i. 
^\ iTf'j3lr rt'vii*flA ftM KXa Office «f C*nar«L C«gn«tl Btiitttd m Iti^l 



■ ^.tn*^"' **'^*"' '^"' ^'" "**■■ ^// 

r -ft^i la cav«Tjfk« prtnpuilr B^jtrovtd turn aTSU^^ 000 ferv ftvAilftblt 

lA 111* TSS dj^^^^E'* '" ^^ ^^ *"' ^** ^" '" «>i4«. Tbt T55 
:,...| ^1, haw«v«Ti Ucka fundi with wbch 1« cav*r tha iuFpltrnviiut luin of 
ti t. 070, and it ia raquaattd thai iht TSS^^ft^-d-tt bt jurtaia4 by ihii 
jjYinunl. *jpF-*'"»nt4Tr 'undi a*aiUMt for facpro.tet 35 can daliakUlr i« 



<Bl1 



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128 



-## 






, * - 



In JftnoarT 1*>^ m^pt«v&1 w«i fl#4n by Iht DCI u Subpfojcci » af Prsjtct 
MKULTAA. Tbi riaEum*mt wbich ]«ftd to tint Apprwal (iBc]hid;n£ comfntin* 
•f Oit OGC} «ri ivtAchtd h*r*viU «■ Taba 2, A Attd 3. 

Prajaci MKIJLTKA in th* frvrnt^vrk at pfftctdurc* «Bd contTDU Uhivr vh^cli 
■ tBT4reh projtcit in carikm bighlr ttniitiva ii*ld« fen cferri«d sui by TSS. 
A irt€tipuan sf ik* ^«ebgrBi>nd of Proj*cl >i«ULTItA mAy bt found on 
^Age 1 of Tfeb A. 

Subprgjtci 33 «ii«bliihti cavtr undtr «bveh ih* Cbtmicil DiYitiaa of 
DD;P;TSS vauld cotiduct c*TUiik icnnuv* projteti vs thr f:fld< of Sm'-s»if*l 
fend chvmicfeL wArfiro fend conaittp of b pro^atad fer^ferr* ;?^ik; wht-rbv i^r 
Agrr.::-,- c pvrrMy hO.iiributti f^nd* lo fe<*ifi i>it^BE0|^^BN^Pm^ — p 

^^^M*.:> Lht conitruelioa of i«*r*i*irtJ-. •'.r,^;. Co--r z -jijr of i^tt* ' 

funci kt la bi iTifedt thrttufh th* ^j^nBKtfBSSM^BSS^SttDChmifl^ — B 

■^b >« » Ihfei ihf MBVHSSBBiBtSDH* '■o-.d r«rmn ^ r^ 

lui^Lifine iJ AivTifir p«rtieipbiion vn itt ;uL,e.-- -Tr^'Aft:, Pi-4j*cU *ouVd 

kai*r b* carrttd oai by thr Cbtmicfel DtvisioD l,iib| x'm thCtUtiwr of tbi 

n*w r*««ferEh vm|, fend Ai<ncv tmpley"i >»ould bv febU tg p«r?icLpfetf 

io thv wrlL wabout ibt Uoivtrtirr ar ihr HeipLifel feulhonlic* bi^n^ fe*tr« 

af A^rncy ^ntirtH, Subprajtcl 39 conitrnpEmtcd tht csmrxbuikan ol Afvncy 

fund* xa feiaiti in iht centir-^ccon of ^^cAl:.** Tuiurt rifiircH worb 

wvuld b* fifefrifd out ihrou[>, ibr ^^OWMMHrt iB rui*aui fer.d *auld ba - ^ 

aapftfAtily fuDdfd un4*' vM^aiJiif ^rDCcd^m tr.ii conlroli. 




US' p r4j» i^r'f <» . . 



fend iHt bfefili^TOjnd af - E 
If* detcnar- or. EAf# t of T*b A, Cr. tt.z 
2t ro^r^ ■ fu-ibtT difcr^puan af tbr ^taMfl^Mi ^ ^ 




Tb« Univoriiiy -^iW Toqwii* ». OCC. 000 for tba im-iierv oddHLOn t* ih* 
bfefepiul tntlw*!** al iKc cofet pf Und> hmiTi^ and ^o«cr BvppLy which £.r* 
bflifii frovidrd by tb* Um^^rtiiy, Undtr PubUc i^ ■ IZ\, Subtp^ofrituvn 




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nfcftUh fund* rklitt For 



thjt pufp«i« by thr UmTtr»ty. 




► i^ - 



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When 5ut:pr«jt«l 19 wtt flrt* pT*pLrv4^ tl whm hopv« frftd 



cird thmt th* 






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fu;:di required «vuld b* ^rvyid«d «« foLlavt; TM Uni'rvrsitv M> ftUvcttvd 

ll^CQO^ r'^? to tHim pr4j*«t «Bd will «ipumt upk«*p uid ■urlini »Ui;4Moni, 

^tn 4 |?«(U of S1Z5,000« Iht fvad w«td iruuh lAii AmagM utd 
inAkf 4 t*»l d«i>fttiOA of 92^0, 00? to Lhr Umvertiiv Builcfi?^; F^nd. Ai that 

conductrd in lb* n*-^ whni mad Dial thw c*iiair^;on oi tht Bt4 faciUuat 
wai ar initraat ta thai A^incf, In i^mmary, IK« (iA^uial aitvAUOB ^aa 
tm bav* b«ta ma la|l*iPt; x Q 



- li 




>f»kkEk *- 11 



ISO, DOO - Danfliton f ram 

SlZ&.OOO «lt tupphtd by CIA? 
I,l», OOD* J<l»1c^td Fundi vi4*r PvtoUc Lt* 121 
SOP, OOP -^^— fc w A 
SJ, 000«JOO - TOTAt „ \ 

tt wtt tvcppniKtd thai Xhm radtral coBiirikiinaD oT-^ ZIO, 000 wiAtr Public 
X^v 2:1 would b* ■■■niiRKlv ij^fTi Tui bv rtaton^ Ibv ibcluioa of tb« CIA 
■■Mrmutian in iKfet sf ^MBtfflfifiMnai' ll va* f«lt Uul O* TfeLut ta 
tht Aftncy *ti luch th«t thii infULion «J (h« FidtTM Cbntributda *«■ nort 
tH*h j««ifieij br ihfl impcTUnt* •! tb* •v*r-*l] pro:-ct and ihit fkarihaf mar*^ 
Ihr inclkiiiDA of Ut« CIA conmbmian la ib«l al^mP^BfW^^ «■■ Ut 
biti mean* of Auir-Lftimng tvc^nly. v -^ 

The sTieiful inlormal comnuLnwnt «n A« pw^of ^^MB «tt firvi sbUiHd 
through »rb«| diieuttiom wiih ■^MaH^^BMB ^-h'Cb .*r* fcUowtd 
«p Vt 'in ■vclUAic bI csrrvmpor^f^fr bctd.««A tflo DC! Kn£ ^BHVMB^ — C 
UfKoriuTAtcly «t Ihni '^'"'JflSB^^^ *• '"^r «eup.od w.ih itk* eoMfO- 
j-^riiwDrcrrmn| (Ph^MHVmSM^ ■n' coriinutd CHtui -itb ^ - C 
^■^^>_ Jordmilt* r««uLi*d in 4 dmiion iKai ^^H|^-i»iLd ^t or 
»o-U lat cantribuK t» Ihff BuiLdtna ^und, hut would Af »HJ.iifi i« >.>r»«r« 
KB jnnuiLreiffBrcii profrtm Anaiuibke ib tSO.OOO i» Its, 00^ *" »■ ■■* 
r '.^M \ ■ ^fl 



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«rh«thar ii •rtfii4it4 vttb him. ■« ttut «t it irur, *Iiva Iha c 



14 bt 



It ta H* •«r|4 ttti tkBt tba t J, OOD, 000 
Fr»(4c4 at iollBwi: 



i\ «u| ba 



- /J 




{includiBg -^ ^ 



»1 



SI, O0O« OOD 

' SOO.ODO - DonaiiBB trorr 

IITI, 000 Bvpphad hr CU| 
l.fOO.OOQ . Uatcbad riiib4a Iram Piibbc 

ls75o57ooe • xoTAt 

Th« tenaiian ftam ^M^iPltt«M9*aul4 that aaoatal af th« «l|U«t 
•ll»,0«Oia toa •vp^lita hrCU ^tu ttaa «iuii aT tM», OOO la ba ^ramdr* bv 
tba r4ui4 utf a luypUmaaul CIA caavkbatiaa 1 |250, 000, OriK^uUr 
S«bj,ra;««t >1 r«|u*Mt4 ^rauHwa la Baki « cVbtriboUaa *l »U5, 000 »o 
lb. buii4in( r«M AM appraval «aa |i*«i. Tbi* b»ra«al ia €Kloa.4 
terr>iU as Tab 1. Tb* farpvat af tUt ajnaa^mtal 1* SvbprajKt 11 ii la 
rt^aat ptrmiiaiMi M aantribuitai: add^nanaL SZSO.OdO ta tb« bulLABf 
cafiiiri.ct.aB fiui4 tbraa|ti ^VMimBWl H ■ba.dd ba aotad Udl - ^ 
lb« uul Ca«arn^aa| cntribvtion la Ihi boipital fwA ttllt ravuiaa 
ucbaHgad ai *1, IT*. OOO, TW iacraaa* ta U* Maa af tb. caMr.butian 
br >h* rvbd la nat «iii af kta^iaf mtb atbtr aparauaiti «J dBg^ and <n1L - ll 
p«t araa.« aivriu, cammaM ba^a*,, .f iu ini|Htadf . Tht bnfuial.T Mtf b-*^ 
ca«tr.biiua» h*t »i „ ^ral bata traa.rmnad K^^ttDm *f«! :-#iih,r tha - ^ 

•ntiflU caMribulioa aav Oia luppLamtnt *«.Ld b« paid ta^MBVamxl * rf 
fimti 4dtqiu(« t. camplatt tb. F'*>«ct ara ma4a a.aiLablt. Tma caa^iuaa 
«» wpttihtd by lb. DCI iM ap,ra-i>i tba arictiul ta«rib«:aa, 

V. aa^irnaf CIA rwidi. 

r«3Ji taca>.r tM nulialtr «Mrav«d iwfi af Sll>, OOD ara a*aiUbU and ha«* 

- I V'^*"'**^ '" ""*' l>"F»" •ilhiB tb* TM FY i»» Edd;tl lar K.it.rcb 
■fid Dr.tl^ni.Bi, tniuirictqt l^,^, raifiaia » tba TSl ba4ttl ia ca*tr tht 
.«/»:.i^mcf,i.riF -vm «( »2 30, 000, «»4 U U Ibirvlara ra^uamud that tht TSS 
b- _^.'i ba iitcTca»d by tta.t amaunt and that tba lacr.aia ba ffiada a^aiU^lt 
ta »»*prt,.»t 3S al Pra^art MC ULTRA, 



r- ''. 



Cmff f I af I ca^r 



• Ah 



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131 




VI. CQiT>mtPit* by thg Qfrio of CiffTtL OufUcU • 

Tib 1 U ■ (nimarardum tr^tn th# C*n«r«t Caumtl la lb* DCI daitd 1| 
D«ccmbtr 1**4, commantwi h SHtopra;«ct J*, mad auriai fa p»n th«i 
th*r> ir* BD f^d4m«nul \m^a\ ob;«cli»n« ki ibi prsbAbU ttBtfit* »* ton- 
■ tdrrtd 4 fill rttu(« for thi> vsrptndtiurt. Tb. ftmii^mtnt to th« Subprojiet 
CfHiLtmpUtti snLr u iacf »•« lA fujtdt u4 in na ir«y chmn|tt uy Other 
ftipcct o/ Eht p»f«ei. Tk« pvajtet taai b»a rv.'trrad bick lo tbt OCC ■*» 
tbflujb riD cbanEt la U> •iruetu ■ la eonttmpUird, u« Tab 4 tAaulaa )ua 
cammtmi. ' 



TJ*t ad*anH|ca ud btnaflia acctuivi t* ihm Ai^mt -uiUMd u Tab A an 
ttlt b, TSS ID prv«id« adiqiuta lad Esmplvi. j«Hxfic.nofl lor tha «sL«nditur« 
ol tbt idduional mm htrain rt^mattd which bMnf ■ Utt taul CU cwiiribu'H 
lianto S>'*,O00. Tbt nio>t ImpoMaiH o| tb«ii ■^vanUfti and btnaftia 
mir bf lummmrLnd Aa Mto-i: (Fullar ■■pLu.Li»« moy ba louad Lb Tob AK 

a, Ona-itHth Iff iha toul apaca In Uii ■■« lioipltal vUtf will ba 
a«a.labla la Uii Ch.micaL Diniien af TSS, (baraby pioHdmi tibon- 

tar,r and otUtt ip.ei, lacbntcat aaiiauDta, «s<^ipm«ii ud anart- 

Bitnal aainifcLi. ' 

b. A;tbCT aponaQFihip of atuib** rvaauch projacU will ba 

EompUitly daruabU, 

e, Full pmf.nmnil covai *lll ba providad fav up to ibraa bto- 

chtfhical ■mp]B>'ae» of iba Cbamicat DivmeiL 

d. Human ^atianu and «oLiinta»a Iwt np.nminial hit «ill b« 

ava.Ubl, «nd<r cQ;iErD):«d «I;nica! coriin^o-t w.Ehm th* lull 

■ uptrviiion o(^2S^K^^^W^S£^^^^^^B^b — fi 
lubpr,jcec 35 *,. ^.gi^i;^ coneaivad UOtLobar ani Nov.mbar ,r M54 

Ts,r^^Z *'VV"< '^•"*' " "*• Ch.miol DiviMBB a .orb .» tb,, it.ld. 

m*rt. u«l • ""''" "^ "" '^^^'^ " ""^-=' "-^t'-IUd txp.rt- 

m*r,. ^.^^„ „(^ ^umc^l aondmar,. -,m» m^ianaU *,ih which any Ajan^y 

ril'^I " """" ** ""^P'^'W daniabla wiU a-strc-t .=^d ^ami^larnrm aiStt 
>.ra(Mm. rrc.nt-y u^on a-ar bf TSS, iuchai "^ " ^ 




- V'^- 



-rf 



i *T 






Cflfiy 4 I *l 1 c«^y 



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•^ ■ -. 




buiW.iE furdi hid b»»n ia;»*< h#f»r» ih« Ucnuici wbiild b« f^fiiihrd and 

hi *■:. i/%ef; &r allowed is i»* mumi »?*=* in ih» pr*»«T.t hoifiu^ m 
ardrt lS4t >.c may build up tbi «T|imKftiiBB *hicb will LaKT oeeupy tht ptw 
WLn£. Thti mtani th*i TSS «iVl b4 AbU ta bTfin i« tk^a td^anuji af tbn 
<e*tr iiiuanar- wiihin ■ mAtitr af mor^lhi in>U*d oi wnuni for a yt« and 



S»su;.Tv m*HTr» n»d Jcia:Li ar« b*irf co-ordin»Hd ^s'-h lh» TSS L:*iBOf. 
And »t<4?iiy O^fECtr. Security «f trftnimiiut af t!it ljnd» and ca»*r airinji 
menvi *ri df acrtbtd in Tab A and ramatn uichan|«d. 




^ C 



IX. *;r*»TT.*M*ii^ 



The a^rttcncfi with ^H^BaiHV -■ I'leribtd in Tab A. and ^Vr exien'. 
ef hiB c«-a{i<rauan aAd l^t conire; ov*e hti acti«ni rtmain unchanfed. 



X. RetuHinC FmBneial Savmj 



B- 



Tht w^i ccntnbut4n *l tlf }. 000 tof CIA wiU T*»u1t tn tn »ddiuon*l 
tiri.OCa m ft^itthint fun4* provide* uT>tfer P-jhUc L** 121* ll n U^t tlut 
iKr tkp#n4jturt ol th^ir uul (ufidt i* juitilivd by tht ^mj^oruncv of th« 
proEtatnt *hich wiir fte pi^riutd ^t ^hi nt^^ («ciUiv^ £v«n 1>:du|>i thr ClA 
tortTi^^uiton it inctf^t^d i*J:d*r thii «mvndtd projtcl, tht tD»: 4( r*d»ral 
fundt t^ma^n* uACMr.ffd. TFit Mit *l ihit IftCiUty «iU feUa* werh to 
prac^^■tf u^'icr coniSit-.o^i ol £Ovtr And itcurny vHich would bo LmpOfttibU 
to obi.Lh c-l*«%^htr« i^iihout «a tvptTnJkturo af t^uiv^Unt or sr44l«f fundi^ 
]r td^J.TiQ-. ^v r^-dihn- mdivLd44L pfo;«CEO (or thii J««hlitT tlLrouit^ the 
0|BSH^H3l^B' ~- chiT'^t «hll be kncurrrd for o^trhood ^m^onit. li 
^rDjL^Lf ^IBBSBBSCEIDBD^" o^^only >p«ntortd by tht 
Uh S- Co^'trftrntni, tt .t tu^ior-.^r « pA> on ovf^>i#*a role tqu^y^ f^^ 
IP *?** of f Alontft, Ho^^ovtr^ if M neA'proht f^nd. luch 04 iM^BCVSH 
^^^ ■pontora rttrarcK th« (undk ^r^Atod fof Ih4 wor* oro ci^»tomori:j 
utLtl jnty to poy [oi o^Urioo^ Ofjuipm^fil »nd ouppUti* but noi ovr^^^og. 
T'lc A .TT^cy t^iut buyo tqnoiderobLy rnort reittrth Ihrou^r- 
hit d^Duld bt th4 cotr ll no <u(-oMt w«ro mtd^ 



- > 






I. 



Capv t I *l I copy 



-S 




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133 



^ ^^ ^v'l *^'T* 



a£r-sct)>. rt?ill« ^h^rc lA no l*r:;^l ccr-zrol cr>i 
xh^r« is no * ir/^H^-ntal Icj?.! c'oj^etlci: if -czs 
for t:ii3 ^xr-^nCi^ure, 




Cener^ Csun^el 






(DATE) 

I IT* 




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W^*_fc J- 



134 



-/* 



SUBPHOJECT J4 - PROJECT MKULTfcA 
Tor iKt purpoii •! ^iimblUhiP* * tov.r AtfAnivtian for hiiMy 




I. gfccheTg"!^ °f Project MKULTR*. 

»4 tentroU ud.i -hit* r«»4rck fro;.cT. m c-rt.;B MiMy ».b»iI.v. 
fitld. coyld bt e."iH «t by TSS wilhoul tht mc *».iy &f if^>r., th. 

•vvr-kll Itfmreb mftd D*v#l*pm*i»e bii4i*l, m* " -fli-ucr*. .-ret 
mrt ri«uiT.il. CootroU ..ub^.h.d in th. P«^ct H—i— CommtT«t 
APproHl .f lb. Hiitvcb «■« D**tl.pm*iit Fr*("m (otbtr ib*6 th. 

■ udit art jKludtd. AU UUi "■ nwnrd by TSi. 



Th*>. »r«*dur#B bBd »air*l» "" Apptoirtd (iftet ii i^ hi|My »■- 

• il»d T«dU*tiii| A^.ncy -r GovfrnmiBl »»WTt« in th,. fi.ld ei f- 
d»v>t iB ft |rt*i m»nT !*«*«■■ *• -*»>» "«" ** <•»*«"* * 
di«dyftU wh- »« ML tad >bo»l4 o-t b. *w*r. a1 A^Ky i»i.f"t 



Id ef iP- 

by iD- 
la 

•A « c«irt<t thkch rtm«iB* -ul of Ih-ii «omrol ^n ihi* lil... EMp<ri«BCt 
)V« fbg« lh»< ^-mlili»<» c*>r,p«tBt iDdi-idual- iB lh» lifl* oJ phyiio- 
iBftic.l, paychitirie mnd oih.r bi«LQre«l .eitncti »r. *try rtlucum 

<o •«« iiv« -.in«d M'"'»*-" -» •"!' '"' •'^^''^ *"^* """" "'"^ 
vith ihi» »tlivilT »>«• tvch cfrbMCtiDb mi«hi Atnduily j«a|i»*d.n 

tbiir prvlt»»iDnAl rtptiuuon*. 

Wh*n Projtct MKULTHA •*■ apprflvtd. it «■ i»t cont*mpUi*d i^*t 
it w«uLd ht uird fgr Ibt ■■ubli*hm*B4 flf «v*r. Ovrr (oriy indiv»d»*l 
riKirtih trul 4rv»H»pm*Bt proj«t» >!■*» bi.n •H»bliih<d flndir ihn 
Crami««rh Bnil h«v< b»b ««rriid owl t-tr-mtly nicctliluUy. boih 
fi^m (■chfi.e*! .nd »dm»mitr*ii-* pcimi »f vi.». Th» fnptr^trct 
■ tiBtd in hiftdiifti thf»* pTOj*cn K»» •mph*ii*»d ihfti *ii*b[i>hmtri 
DtbHi-rca^tr hoih fftt th.pr»:4cti tnd for «>»eiMrd A|*r«y •t.tntiit. 
it <i[ uimon tmportaott- f-bpfojtci >» **"ld «iE«bliih luch tovtr. 












,-v^^»?liT J*- l^""*- 



_; . r:-:; f- lt i;tj 



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* H 



u. 



Btt^i 



^aund af ttir 



. ^^ -- H- 



- a 




Dir«cl4r flf thi Tund. V||feH|^ ' >^*« tolictttd lund* Irvm varkaui . IJ 
individujlj ta ft-nAnc* > pr^^rir^ al b*»iE rtAt^rch im iht chtmotb«j-Apv 
«l caacvTh 4tlhnu« hrptrl«A*Lan, piycKA««fwue di*vrdir« And »tKtt 

CH*mic«t Divitkvn of TS5 und frcitu ^mo^thly ttd vlfictmlr. bath At 

a cui-oui for dt^Ung viih canirmctari tr ih« fatldt of cavart chvmickr 

aad biolofical wfcrUra^ and ai a prima camracur far ctrtain araai oJ 

bioLaficat rata&rch, Ffojacti prcBaai^y ^ting handLvd 'ar Iha Agmm^f 

%f thm Fktfid art adnuniittr^d uAdar Ilia caau-a^.a Aibd pracadurai 

pvtvLaualv appr«vtd for MKULTHA. ^ 




--TV' .Ft^r_ - 



rn. P*^j'jf^*^'*^ ^^ 




^ « 




rt inttrnaiioniTW Knawn at i 

r 

^tt*rcb and lb 
^■itfnN^HKBMMMM lnjV> tjn hf^-TT . t.r t*at :.a :fi; 

rci^Hh capacity int ^BttiSM0^mpm^K3H3^0|^ « ^ 

BAH^^B Dk*iAg uia war ^MMHWI^^ tarvtd at t ^BBBBBM^ -^ ^ 
in tht £4rtaii el Mtdiciiw tnd Sentry in ^ht Z'lvy. Ii^nca than bv haa 
matrt^i nt^ <*n>vTiPftf rilitianthip t« ih« Wiry madidl rfB«*rcb pro- 

<rA'^' ^ABHHI^W It TCP SECRET cltHrad and *\nin| of Aftuy « C 
■ponaorahhp of i^vc prD|rafna carritd aut by iht r^nd aa ara two othar 
mtmbari of th« Fu^td'a Board af O^ravtort^ 



IV. 



J- 1 



fid. ^ Q 




- £"< 



TS« rf itireli *tn| will tviiai •( • -^ 

bui:i;,r.£ kift'trer»vi ri£>i. |2C lt«t ^un| and » ft*t wi4t, TwD-iKirdi 
af LKr iptf I i.i!l bf rvfVATfK Uborkionva *nil orf.m whOv 100 
r««rAr<h bfdi ^\l\ a^cupv l^« rcrruindtr, 4atVfiftt^^d p*riici- 
^4iiai: m iPit lund-ifeiminc ■■mp4t|n oui^red brLa*. ■*..\. trv^.x in h<« 
having comra) af ap«-iivirL si tM uiaL ip4et in addiiifrn ia ill* bAia- 
r. ■ -— '- f T— ;— 



:-. c:, !. » .-3 



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CBSmV- c 



hi> •icurcd thv rnittuai*«tic auppari dI Th« m«d:cAl UcuUy Aikd'.r.c 
Affirm Qi th* UnivtrutT whs hki^t c*'Ti*d tS* ppvtiminAry «rrkng«Tntnia 



V. 



TLnanclKl 9it'4iti«n. 



Th* LTnat-trtliy *Ul rvqulrr *Vcut S3< ODD, OOC loi th« gft'iorr AddLtloa. 
ThLi mm li ^HcVbilv* of tht CB«t of Un4 ^t\d thi Ihvating and p«w*r lupply. 
*hich arc tlro^T ■vflilftb1« n iht til^: At Iht prvBani unt UDdcr P-jbLic 
Lmv III, fuAdt «rv «v«LUbU to nuieti fundi roiitd hy Utt OAivtriity. 
Tht Uni'.rrti-y hti AUafiBtvd SJi OPgn JOO ig t^^ t pmivct »wf wiU ttidin* 
Mp**t^ and t; jffirf p bt^c>:iBrn. ^^MBBCftB^ mt'ajr«*d Th«t if ClA -C 

moifh ihii amT^^Tift^fl^ST^I^fr.A; donotiait of SZiO^OflO to tht Uaivvrtity 
fiuUdini Tuatf. T>ii Afltncr't cantribunoB wU: bf m4dt wndcr tkv eoji- ^ 

dil-.gn tKki It wiU ^4 ictunda4 iJ cont;?ul;oii dooi lul Ukt ploct. 

TS3 hit diicgft»4 i^ii iltuatlon wlt> ^tfMfll^CSSSBBSKS^^^b ~ '^ 

■ nd hit «rcoKM£f£ 4^E^ - ^^"t'-' - ^ 

ainf pTOi«ct Oik ir»t bAi^i -^i: ^B^lOBCi^BWVttA - ' 
Will bf conducitd in the bt« ikinf, ^I^MVBh l^'Bujh A-Art of «itr ^ j^ 
inf«r««t in ih« tekii:din|. if uaviiunE of oi,r iptc^c fialdi of rvivtrth 
'And Ind-v-.^utl pro>aclt. In lummorT' th« finABcial miction would bo «■ ^ 

follow!; 




+ 

1,210.000 



5T 



,'7^Jrrf-^>:i 



Va:cr:p= f^--< ffo-r P^tiic Law 111 



-A 



Aliho-4£S II II rt<0|^ii«d thot tht F*d«r«L con^nbatLon of SI- 230,000 undtr ^ 

P. L. 221 ti ■ttrr:f»f** yJ^i ^e t»v r*Aioo of ttr intluiion at tbt ClA conlri- 
bu:.an -.t, i^ai o: Cfl^tfMllMakVfc tciuAtly Uit v«lut to »i« CU ia ^ ^ 

fi>0<0;3 And ftoi ;u>i JlJS.OCC, Iht Amaur.i of CIA'* <on;r;bjtiDn, fvrthtr- 
"^^^ ^*^* incEdiion of Iht ClA co»trj»dUoa in Ih^i oJ ^HMMiHiVB - ^ 
^■■*^.* iJ:f btfit mtthod of mkiniAimng oteuniy, 

l:a-^rri<fa t*: 



*■- i -..;, c;.-r 1:^,-5 



CTopy t 



of I copico 



-1- 




MORI DocID: 163357 



137 




VI. Oiffytuttf ■ T*t94 »T TSS. • 

11 hAi bctn (•iKrillr rtBOgmmtd fof ■»«» nm» ihH thi tmtrful r«- 
■t»cb «t.viii«i »f Iht C>i»mie»*. Oivn.on si TM in tKt fi«l4 ol Mwirt 
bialo|ic»U cbtmical tn€ ri*iolet.e*l »«rUr* art «r»ly in HtH of 
•Tspt' e*^"- AlUiD-ih Prnj^l MKOLTRA pr*vi*t> ■■ctlUnt «4niiru. 
«r»tiv( artd fifl.Ptiml tov.f Jpr prvjted, »i dati n«i *lford cov« Jor 
■ ciiMilic Bi t.ckf.it-l 3*r.on^*l. MJ^ULTRA h*> b«tn vatri !ar 
dtkUr.| (hro«t>. ^K^HiBl^Bl^ '» • (uc-Qiit ttd lot -ffi-Hm, 
aVr^rily wiih mdL-idkitU at-pn«at« •■mptnm. Thi um of 
-, ibt iuiuv* vill bt iDcrBHiiPSly limiiad dut to 

!»)■ Tht incfioiinc ftumbf r vf ptopU who, Alboii 
pTOp«r1r cltag* ^. OTT j**>* of Tht^Ai tnty 
CBUUCtifrP with ^Mfc^i^^^M^i^B^ — O 



n 



tb> 




- c 



- c 



Tkt ft*!mt bT ^W^VM^ ih't t>^* AfcUT 
tmv-°^*** cont«ri.A£ h::^ lOri. Co"^*b. 
^mi^ fU.) hAvi rv CDvir of bnv >aTi tB4 
canif^jtPlly cupstt bim ta unnt:<iviry cm* 
bifKLy iiiid«*irAblv pvrtouL raik. ftnd 

Id TA* «tdtfpr«»d Lntra-AftQcy Awarvncti of 
tti nocuri af th« rvUlicAtbtp bfltwaan cbt 
Putd «Bd tht AfffACy, 

AiHiHtr irrioui problrm Ueidby TSS/CD 4« o rt*»lt of U«h oJ t»ii^ 
Kbit co*tf It tht rtii/ieulty in pUnoiR^ etrttrt lor wcbmeol ^od 
tciintilic ptnonntl in iht biolefifiml ^ald. A Itr^-rAnit <*t«i- 
tOMtpi of 4etiv-.:i»t in ttiit fit^d intwiably inelnfltt proptr co*tr for 
tht iftdivitfu*^ £cicf7-'td. TK* tvtiUbiUty of rttttrch UdLit^vt 
ki ^MK^^SEBCiMVlBDBSBBP^' ^'^ otfrr t^ tictUt m oppanur-Uy 
ID loivt miny of l.ic Abo«t prob,i/r.i, tr^^^^EdC^IW ' ^^^--'^1 ~ C 

■ rd BbU to mtWf »ny raotontbU ■»nn(im»r.ii to >ua o«t nv«ai. Up 
IB ihr#* C^-tFTMcAl DivLtkan amploytct CAik bt inLt|TMiad imo ^^ - c 

^0QBn0h :ro|TAm far w»rh tn th« n*w botpHil »xn| gn Ihf 
Aitn(i.'i rri«»rcti pfOjMio. Altho«|h cAtttr pUrui^m «it not ■ 
conidtFAtiDn *htn plARAmi iJit proctdurtt «nd *ofiirol» ttiibliiht* 
by Frojvct MKULTRA, M«arihtUti ib»t ptrLicuUr autprojtei, m 

■ ddiiion f« 111 prunary abjatlivt, •*U bt of -ery f raa< lacanAary htlp 

t;-n-TMtd t«i W^^^^^ 
t - a«-,rtri--T trj U"*rl V 



-a 



,C»f y i / of I coj»"«» 



' i-Ti?;:; c- "f li'^'i -<- 




MORI DocID: 163357 



138 




— f4 






(«t 



<W 




ia ivf D. •in bt fe*BlUbl« »• tHt ChtmicMl 
DtviBiOP ol TBS. Th** *in ptn^Am UbBTAtarv 
■Bd Bilit« iptcfl, itcfwiCBi vBtiatuti, tqutp- 

Tbi »■! •' Cbtnicftl Di^tdB projflcl* *fei£ta k» 
M W* c^rtiad vut UBivr t^t E*vtr «U »« covtrfl* 
bv fu»d> TnA4« ftv«iUbl« IbTaufh Prdjtct MKULTRA* 
•nd projtcii will bt ■wbjtci i« iht * ract4vrti 
Hk« conlraU tit»bki«htd r*r MKCLTRA, Tba 




lundi will b« pAiat^ ihroHflK 

Id tiif a will tith«T p«T nf»ft«B ^lticIIt or 
U«Aifir lb* nwMT i» tk* Uaivtrniir J" ikif 
piirpAX. l*eb pi«^cl -ilJ ¥■ indnri^vAllr 
rvad*d »»»■* »» »>■ p»TGcuUr ^dftt. u4 tttT* 
«iU b* n* vtlitt csntLnuiBi *r r4Ciu-riB| cbbffH* 



- ft 



* -., r ;;ji_- ivr? 



Ul Tb« AglHr'B •F«IHO'<bip *i ••Miliw* T«M 



kily 



•Bd tb* AfVKr- 



far up (■ ihrM b.»-eb*mi**l •fnpl»y»«« *l Wit 
ChtmiEtl Oi*n»ef> •' T**- Tb»« woul^ all** op«a 






C»pr # ** or t *»pit« 






I,- "r'i 



■*- 




MORI DocID: 163357 








139 



r4U ^toMtr. 



coMi:=erJ with tht (ul^ •uptrvLBion of 



-/3 






U» 



IN 



(I) 



[Jl 



It L» tnpvcnd thAl tBt 04lpvl 4l u«cful rttuU* 
af Th4 ClivmtCftL DivuLon in (ht biv-chtmictV 
fitld ^lU b4 |ri*t1y kmpravtd Ihrvuch thi TTAn 

bt Ablt tq iptnd mori of thtir umt on Acm^l 




--3 



■ tcruitini nt* iCKntific ptr*«rin«T iiBCf 
mtmbtri of Ih* ChtmictL Divi«i»b verging un4tr 
Una (ov*T wall b« in dAjly cftr.T»ei «ith mtmbtrm 
Bf t^« GrB4b*lt Sckvtl aF Uit Univtriilr. 

THt r»^Ur Urnvtriiiy tibrir) cad rtprini 
•«rvici Bill ta< avkLlftbl* 4i ■ tcurc* •! 

technical io/d Tout ion. 



VIII. FundTni 



It n prapoitd iMi |J15,00Q b* |rftni«4 la a^K^^KI^BK^^V If 
opprot'Al ij fttriid. TSS wlLI «ft*n4« far pAvmtni n bt madt undvi 
thf jirDctdurvi bnd cDntroU of MKUL7Kj%, Th«tt fur-di would cam* 
out of lAt pr«i*ni1r Approvid TM KfittFch trd Di-vt]«pmt>)t bii4|ti 
'** FY f^SS ipd no n«w fundi ar* irvtUvd. TS« fundt wroold b« 
■VAniftFftd «« m frftnt ic^^lMl^BH^M^ if, mi- 
^n -^^U rr.^ifh iS«t« fuidi witK tn tqual ■mouM and dark«it a total 
•t Sl&a.dCO (• thr Uniw^rtiiT a* •utlintd m parBfrjph V. Jhm amn «f 
lilS,Oao aouLd be CfifirtLr in tLa naiur* of a ^rani and woultf m due 



Cap*- # ^ of Z capiat 



- 5 




-- ' : JT, ;r ISTi.s 



»i- 




MORI DocID: 163357 





140 



fharty* 




^ 8 



r--. -■{ 






in t^. f:i:^rt *hcn TS5 .parlor. »r.. t>v« rt»_mict projt ttir -hich ir* 

m.m toB^K. Th. Un^v.r.iiy .ill b. W*Uy -n-imr^ nl *>■■-=» 
.p*n»rih:^. *rd th, p.^>«i.to.VTy •ur-.rd .pp»rku< w»lJ b. 



wtU coMiBut in 






fl 



-B 



JX. MtmoTBtiiiain af Afrwtmtnt. 



A n-.tmflnndum of ■st**"""' *i" *• <i|n*d ""th 

th* h*.FM-i »P*<t -rd.r hi* crnirol -Hi tat mtdt *—UbU lo Chtm.cil 

n> a>T«r--.tl iftd th. mtM.t m *hnh c*v«r w»Ll bt p rovid.d *rd 

Dthtr btntltli o*i*intd. Wo ctn»r»cl •iH fat Hfmi* "i"*' att^^^H 
.0yld br liMbi. » r.llttt knv tf iH< At *T^cy-i cnr--<tjjn i. t t^i vn hi* 
ftrTAKitrntnii wilh ih. Umvtf i^iT -fa*f^ ^^Q^VQBD^V '*"»• *'^* 
di:rfci.9r, in ^wt.iion. T>it mtfft*r»rdym 0. tftritm.nt -i^L b. rtvain.* 
mTSS. 



- t 



- s 



All t-euf.i» m*-t.-. »nd d«aili *»■ b*in| c»Ortfintt.d w.l^ Ih* TSS/ 






Cr*7y t / «f i i^P't* 



-I .: . r , ::. » ,Ti 



-T 



-.-iU^- 



MORI DocID: 163357 





14 



HtfuUint 



l1 Savin 




14 c-i«dfr-*ry (or tM Cov^rsnntiH to pty iftt ialtr-.fi, 

*4 



[^-i-rrj r*. 



*^,T et, #tc. Mfidforflvtrhitdi* wtiL la t^^ cur Qlf^'iflfn hg 



, - * 



pr; 



ic^r.cAtidn 






^ 

^ 

-^ 



ut;/tD p.y f»r ..Ut..». .qu.ptt>«t »nd .^1^*. bu» «.t for ov.rh,..! 
Th. G^v.r.rrrM *-ll« t*«> ^-y' *"*»**"*>W rr^-r. «.«reh through 



ii^J^*^-r '"-*' ^ 



X::. L*5aV MltTtrt, 






Lib 






■n: J.r: l"* 



' ;r:iz:. t, :- in-^ 



Copv * , ai ; *o;jic* 



.£- 




'H™ I* ' 



- H' 



MORI DocID: 163357 



142 




1 *«prll ifTW 



I 



L;£;4&*x*;3j:i rcit: Ticrrcsr.^ 



su:<j=CT 



r April 1?j3 







-^« I* fnak4 ftrrAAjvaienlft far 



f*:tr. TCi<r«VvF« alt vnrk w»iU4 hAvj I* ^« cv:ia^i*l#ii mm4 sdi |»*r* 
ntU* n44t ^riOT t* 1^ J:r4» T^^t «,iCUji* ^..^a^rrt m^c^^ bA*i« t* 
kijn, ul4 41 vp*« •fra«# f,ul t voul^ i^A^-a By £«^a1 vttit Eb^^^ l» 
r«Cff»vv t#[^pit« And *ttf:id to fiaiJ ^fia^li mm lb J«ir.A* ^^^k-^*^ u* 
h4%* • currv^t L74^c)^ p«^rt» bul tit aiU^iate^ EhAS lu:Ma curTtutly 
«a ii&aa woulJ b* abeul td^ci^ut for rsT^Air^nj ■X]>t«<tUi£rvj> llm 
mif^^< tm ««r3 tjt .j*ci;^r v.L'ua t^t buAl iD t,^r* * i>er« ftJi^Ct «Ut«* 

Trh#d tm Inproat aa tus Mroafly Vwl lru*(ar «« a^^i^iaaal ij^^^d* *ai3/ 
or rvtura •! w^^^^pc^tc l-'aSt mval ba eoiRf laE*£ ■*g*l ^jfjf u* a^id 

)* Of t>-« ID uaaa c»]l*d far ia t^c erifukal riaai/a 13 hara 
b4«B coaplaiaJ [bi^ aiilv 4 ^ira ba^n kraAicrt^cd ira^ Ibt Ujiu*)* Sk 
ftd.LUja U»r# ara > ca»t> ia prvjTcfa L*( vaick V«v ara alrc^jr U 
tatfrv^d* mma b ftf« w4rKM up t* t^«a pOiAt *J h^viAf Tiia listi «I 'jvait^AAt 
prap&i-t-il- It waa «^r^wJ iJ4l U ma<t Ua dBk^l4aa %■ vo^lu h^va %m 
Lkljiil tU* doai^a ta tauaa 2b «&aaa< 

4. It Ji apparv^l itur^l^ «t a» M^vn^vtd tm Iba ai^R^uatitra-tiva 
probUaa mt t^e ;irajacl tb^l h* la i-vi ^A>dc aay i^aRl4au Id t^a ramlca. 
JiiACt t* w^ttf Balr * C4ita O^v* b€aa trin^cwiac^ i^?r« i« h« way ol IvJ^u^) 
»-i^ it cer^^^kTi; out mi it* 1 aat^#na :a«j* vtro a* ifmnat^c r^^ct^aKA. La* 
cavta tAO LaCr^^awof t c-diLc: hava Ut ni^ uo^t atiul titi^ U^. Ibay c;^\«j 
It i9 p4(«izl J, t^-'«vaT« r.n our 0.^4 aaaly?i« ^^f tAa 4zAx may dratf^a its 
aomaiaiai af ^zX,.^^ atl^-vv^^ I a;n ^!ibia44a A> Uua pout* 



L-=!- 



1. 



r.4^t ma bia uaual Laar lavvlvav I^Ih^ *« IS* ^Uucultiaa 



ba bad ^ac^^^itr^c vhic-i ascoui *or taa daJa^^a* 11a alto L^^^cd at afiirka 




MORI DocID: 163357 



143 











MORI DocID: 163357 





144 




July ^9, 194t 




plidl tn^ pr«vi;i-iUlT fivts At t^*> cll.*;;t, poit-«xptrlAir.tal 
rfti^ir.ci AT'- VTftluatlMi actt^a, ud a ic^td;^t coTtria^ ^t dnif 
aO^r^airftUon hart all b**r. aubalctafl to jou usdvr laparata 



bielo«ad Ir • fLnar.elal tlat»«ct which rtpr icnti tha 
flr-al a;ci>^.tir-i af Via fi^.di allacatafl by 70U for uat Id ^11 
projtct. If, for rauf pcrpDft* yoM ?a^uir* a mar* datailal aua-^ 
sar-f cf wr.at iptciri: pref*iit;r.al itr^eaa wtra ptrf^rx*^ or 
■&r« latall vi^h raftrcne* to traval ■xpaaiaa or maf euirir Itatt, 
hiadljr lax aa Uiow. y 





'^4 



Tau vlll &ota, id tMi cocnacjloa, thAt Tr. Vl^ 'ta 
coap«r.sj;»a iJi AT A»aur.t aiiatfi::^ t^i: paid to Ilr. 
vaa eee«il::D«d bT tfta faet t ^j_' rr_ J^I^B ?f*T^ jj; ^ tli 

t£* r:i*i A£d at t^f MIBBBQDGiVV - 

im^ 'rljca lali-.tcf eaaai -'ir^. ■.:,'. ^r j^ ;^:_ t :cr ^^ p-» - 
poi«. It vB* fros tilt caati atlaetrd by hix t^ax ua vuCjacti 

saad l» Ui« axpariaant vara flAallj crioaai), 

A 

1 IiATv btafi Infttructad tD vfita a cbacM to tA* Soelatj 
for Ua b«^ar-<a i£ ua Aceaimt a* a;' \oAkj* I v«ull ilka to 




MORI DocID; 163357 





145 



Kr. 



'■i;» T*e 



. ■*■ 



awlmy i:i'-t utltr for « r«v d>r>. Stv^rml cli«;<a bavt bam vrit- 
t»r d<iri^ T*?*'r J"!'^, and 1 ir:;ii; ll<« ta b* aurt Uiy cltA-*d 

r<ctiv« 4 cr^trx i^ tAt 4Eamt ef SiJfb.^a ttrly ntit tfta^, 

ir Uitrt ±1 U17 iddXt^or-il inrorcAtlon rtqulr»4, I vtH 




■^•cu^iT* -::*;--^ 




lae. 




MORI DocID: 163357 





U& 



-. >-*ir •: - i*'*'s ^- — 



LT , - 



' 1 



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o: li 



. .-_ ^^PEFTKaP -iJ :-:; f-'^s cv;^;^e lt.^ 1"- !■ *- C 



t-' 






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i,-.r:c t.-,a 



; rz-P ;r -->J 



-- - - --: ' ' *' 






V* r ^vl h t ^ 

1 " 



-^ J^ .;. :i I. ;, . -. 



:^f'-:' 



*v.. 






MORI DocID: 163357 





147 






'* 



^^» /tilBcrt^c rm\ s™ B'j^>'a:<c* for ti-o rciJAreh i^z:.t 



*^-*^- 



I, a Fi-crclp^«t v.'.* !u3 Li4 •:r,si.«t» 



KTC^epalLio 



- C 







- c 



I d> -« ^a-i^f ■ f -. i-i 









— C, 




p9>x'J.^^f7> 1 Tilrr^"*"-i bM. iiw ht3 also Aa--: ^g-t^ l.-au* 



— C 




<-i.'j j*'iv iirr 



ir i:'r»i: c« s^j ic"*"a 




MORI DocID: 163357 




_* — 



148 



^-- ^ 



;- ^^ 



j>: 



^ 



1-1 



,^ r 



; ;r.-..l-in-- -' ^ la « tri-^ 




'*- ^^ ">' 







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•- 






-T 



I 

J 



MORI DocID: 163357 




149 





■1 ii""* 



A s-ni..;: or iU tsa r«=:Krt oT "-J* rtetarW ?i-^:=rt .Ali b* bartered 
at^as^v."! ulU bo vcu^ttt 



titre^Utloutltf- 










MORI DocID: 163357 




150 





T- a 



tc c^'Lr.iJ f'^1.:'- e:i,T'.-. r.crrl* e,'^ VJ-^-^'-"-™ - 




MORI DocID: 163357 




151 



30 /u^rr 196L 



SUSJXCtt FT«J*ct HCULIM, SUbproJcct ^2 

t. lUbyrejtct ia ta tA te eADtlcu*d for ttm mm 



«b«D arltla«U3r*«tAbU«bed: to nippcrt J|PCK393B3S!Bif covert 
«nd nftUatlc fltLd trloli of cortAls rtMvrcb ftod d«v«lc;Kft&t tt 



-7 
J 

Bf l8tar*ftt to TSDj And to aalntAlo t&a pbyilcaL fAclLlti** r«^,£lr<d T^t 
ttatM trial! . 

2. lo tbt past jriftr « Bta^or of eovBrt oad nallttlc flaU 

r 

triftlo h&v* te*a -tuceaaafullx earrlod out- Hm n«ult« of t^ia 
«3rp«rljaa&t» bov* provldtd fictual dot* •■MRtl&l to vatabUiLln^ 
protocol* for o ouabcr of coct«xpl«t«d oporatloos. A cuitlDUOtion 
of aovvrt aad nallatie field trial* an Doc*««ltat«d %y tba productisa 
of Dov Ettttnali Is Tra pTDcraaa, particularly In ar»*a roiulrlns 
datailid koovUl«« of t^ affectlvvataa »ed tffldincj' of dollvvry 
*yat«B>. AdditlocAl tnala aro nlao co»ajitat«d bar tbo nvtd far 
^tttr eontrolUd "fUld-typo' •xporlnasta. ~" — 

3- Tb« tatljutcd cott of tho project 1« )$,000.00 for a period 
of Ilk BOctii*. Ch«rt«» ttouU b« lado Ofainit AUotunt L12S-139d-3$03. 

k. ' Account inf for fvadi and oqulpntnt yndtr thlo tubprojtct hao 
W«A tatalilisud on a dotalltd batli vltb tte auditor a&d viU ccatieua 

■■ iD UW pftA. 



r- 





MORI DocID: 163357 




152 



^ 5- itf^ffy* !■ •ptTOw* for TOP SCWrr *»y it. A4tner ud 
Dp«r<it«« uoder cOY»r for pux70"» *' 1^» .^bproj.ct. 




• A 



TS:,, Ht**»r:s Rru'-zb 






^ 



PS' 



Pat*: 







MORI DocID: 163357 





153 



HiSP-AT-'D'JK FOR THS KCOflD 

5U3Ji:Cr: Project KKULTXi^t SubproJiGt 43 



ecnti 



1, SubproJ»et L2 I t bf!*- j^.'M ^U'^*'! to prmdd* fcr th« 
It 4 ccntinu*tlcfT of F-f- '■■ 1^ lnd»r Subprtject 13, "t 

In u-.c n»v iKAtUrit will CQr.-.ir.ui to pr^vvc* ■ n«f:s for th« 
rvtiiitic t«atir-s of cirt^lit S and D ittxi of iflt*r«it to 



3, 5ubpn*act U will bo soi-euetad b^ Mr, 
a a«L-un. Cort^iJt lupport octivLcicB vill b« fr;-v^..tc 5/ 
Cfi/rsS and AFD/T55, 

3, Tht «atiirat«d coat for • period of en* j«*r la 
8e,3X.CO, at»rtlr^ 1 Karch 1?55. 




Chitf 
T35/ChirLiul Dlviilon 



or T\rj^-. ■ 







Iiot^rcn ^irce-cr 



U 

brieinal Only, 







^ 




MORI DocID: 163357 




154 






?'*'• 






r^-s 















viii «t .«••* sx^c.cK.oo *v^^r?":«:f^' bill's b; 




^_^, ^»pg^ i«>>-.^T^— *^. 9H= |TV*.>£ • TCP Sir" ill 





I -.» -"■- - ■ ■-'■'■.'■--■.-/ 



- ' i #- 






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153 




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7raJ>rr^K?lAl, **bproJ*et i^ 






5d 1«4d1. *11«1*1*« "4 • >f«r« of ln*..tK»U« flf t«flc e.r.brml 
teT. IMH iffo*«.4. It t. Ih. *!■ a* tali F«fT— t. mMtm- t. 

psal of rA-Kt* far te«tUc pflTpoBOt, -.1* 4|^BCk4MBr*-'-^^l» 
||KSMB0*':*e^ *' "^rr-^"*^ rvM^^-lai fro* tb* Ah.*, profru vlll 

HtHt «f th. tsvutljitUu ttot hit funixitt uiU allw U^ U 
mm out M tto Mt«rt&X« «^t:«p«« in U« ^^v* 1^»* "^ T««Hn^ 
TtxVrf^ 1* 1- «* ~rmrb .a*. *^ wgll u Mt.l» «tter BivU^. .f 
Ut«r*ft W tSS/C.-^BBHOBBl^" x'^' " ■ 0«-»l a«HlUBt 
t. tUt Dl-wlil.fl ud FrvTld«r»iftf ul eil-*jt fmrilltut *^ tV 



3, Tb« total ODPi of tfci. pr«jHt r« a pvlod tf .a. 
Mt .XE*^ tlX.DGO* Cnvii* <beul4 te Mi* ao^** JlUt> 

«-a}C2-lC-O01. 




Win 



-ft* Wm r^u-atad t« Bitalt a nHk-7 aeenuBt 

lAC ar'ft ccrrTf t>.^^i^u£<jal ludlt rapert b« aa^ a».lJ*la far 
SI tpori^T't UiipK-.loa. Alto, it ha. W«a Toquaatad l*al u; uu- 

ptDdad tiuda ab^il b« ratun^d ta t^ i«aHT. 





TMl. t# «r p.r»MBt msuxtmmc t vcn^ttd fty fj= d> rrv-.*d 
' — —^ — ki:^^^ ^ raialMd V tni BlVa 



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■ aiktr Ib&a il* aetivYti.. a. . cut-out 




i a, tt iiTiT* 




MORI DoGiD: 163357 




156 



- 3 - 



CI' 



■rs'i— -l^-f r#F 



4. W uki KtuaUr ii^Htf that £K-=<=idtl;a u4 to 

I'v^ nafan HiS~Ib« _ace«pt«< prtstlc** of tb 

friad te ao^lj i4Uk tk* raqalraAvsta of 
t. 






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i:ii-:OT 




i.f, r?£/ ::ii»s;t*i d;»;i;;i 







PnpDBal 




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157 



J««0 



« 



w ^ 

p«rtod /or WitcH rtiaiwtBi tupfort ta rtqi^mtad will bt tf#Mt«d 
t« tS€ eonttnti'td cnalyf ef fu n4ural and tndpeFtna mtchattttn 
«/ atr»« and t/w elcatoai O^fitt tHat t%'ib«?)Ctf U. Jh« •crtflntrv . 

•ir**a and tA* tVJu-'W'* •/ <'»*• phiU'^olo^ic bt^sotor com-:** 

triff rtpert, 

^ oft^B^^^SB^^ ^'^Bt t\amtscl Gf«<:^ wlJJ be acrctnttf /or 
" tft tt< flcuw 0^ *ftr;r>tc p^aM. ^r.;«fli (Oit-,i; utJJ t*-^::i^< jlfi^rso- 

h<r*:c/oro, . -^ ^ _ 

Cha^tcsl a^ftta jXiS t£^ ioo-- /c:-rj seSlM and vitAiA a 
rJtsa*:* tc^iffl!^ ra--^ crtJJ Af a;.£J«ct«f to e.'tntecj aerctTvtnc sn 
appfflfrtatr ^:c«r.:a, tA# tnlzicl acraa-.lv t»'-V "'■'t*; out aft 
odKne*:? S£-icrr jctL«*:f«. ?>ia a*=i--i; o/ ^anaj fat3t#d tj e^aTieaJ 
■V^tVata, >.flifrs*^ ^-^a **»?^ *-r:h*r rai-ccJ. C\*^tciJ eovPt*'*^* 
asc'.-'c^Jf fnn ttcliz'.e aou^aaa ca «:' sa tAcaa a^i^'^alat^ tn «> 
prvjtst trtll it •ertti4i, partie-^larin =>«■* t'sct or* aaciva m 




- II 



MORI DocID: 163357 





158 




■ 
„t-.J .«"r. «^-« .""- *-""*' ^f ^'"" ^" ■' ""' 



i 



AVA?IN1NG NOTICE 
ICi>tlS«aTE:Ll^*iC£ - 




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MORI DocID: 163357 





* F* -S 









r 
-^ 



t I- £. 



i-^.. 




15i« 



4 

undtr «€ dir.ci^oft of TCTTflD with tM ..ctptipn «f thg- c^iout 



»v*,-Tc;.(t(. Iflf.-tri:. <fc« titt*rt 



!; •J'att initr Ihit iutjrc;*c! 



•f cem^iauadi oMhot. eht-rL«l ft-T-ai.** inn -ft to h-*# .p?!Jc.tiai 

preirtitUi b«.ft fT^*3* i^- '^* »"» nUt.d (• jir.tBflr «mp04r.i» 
.r.4 th. r.UT:,r.,hip -f xh<it infct.rL.li t- tht p*t*lclcpc*> p.tnw.y* 

h-ir.iTib.irii- A. it inAizM'.wi Ja th* ituchtd ?io?a..\, iht *"h" 
of 1!^. ?.n y«*r •!»* jT^c^if-"""* t» «■'• P*-"*^ -^•" '=''"• **^^--''" 

tb;> •*! *r&H^.: mboji by t^. =^.»fM*l.r^i-Uo» of mv,-*] nt« 
rr,itrr,oU -».ich pT*4J=» <»"•» rt.c^ion io humof^t ■»« thm *p?Ucfc' 
i-o.-, «f .E^TLt f..*- cUmol m-iat-ii ol i=i»ur^3| tS. .-rttM ol th. 
tf:,iir**ne« prcdjctd- Pcr:'rs tn. r..*T 7"' prBportion-'W — *'■ 
,;f;-t •ii: t»o -.fts-ia on tfc* ?T;b:.?= of :h« rf.vilepff.<fn oJ •<* 



» ^ 



i ^.^..- 



P 





-i' - 



MORI DocID: 163357 



160 



li dviivftbl* M tbii 41rteiiDD and backm* 

1, 11 ^ r^a"* *! 



« n 






tbi At«ncr- pro^Wi" ••r*iMi Af ft ■•■litl** ■•tur* n »q fld hoc 



■ma. 



>, Tilt t*»: eo»l of ehi* prBJ«« (cr ■ ptri«4 ol on* ytif 



^ c 

4. 



■ceccBiifit" •MF/*"**'"""^'*""*^ •-dilrtport for iKt 

I. Tlli^ to oar f*rmABOO< •^*ipm»rt parc!u«<£ by fif^di 



jD- I*' -V" "- 



in lisn of hifhvr t^arkatd r«ta«, _^ _. 
», Jt «•• muttt»llr *%rt9i <bat docv^aaUUoo »n* »t«iiatiBi _ 



•abU by ^^ 



ier tr*%al aiHata* which »r* ■sriEallir i-aisbui 

9 



r«o4. 



^T *_*■ 57ltT •'' !•"*■* 



n i^:k; cm ii-'"> 




MORI DocID: 163357 



161 




1. 



HVMtfM-AU^ 



C — ilM tl — tf tVH^A, ailr irl j*9% ■•. h^ ' - 



t^ thU rnXfyrv^st laalttdAB an tboa* activitin 




_* - 



flGBU7 anting lA nMtctloa via Mktr ICnmL 
■iAproj«eu. !■ ^hi«1, tt« »*«a?ck tfTert «d«r tkl* A^pnjwt 
vUl MBtlaiB Aloac tta Um* IaU Ama U yrxlsua ^wn. Sum 
ilv* ttA «mb«iii «Bd jiiiiMMilin ml «b4 * ***«—' t«*lufttl^ if 
Of ttcH ttMUe^ FhiU*! ttPi* U tevt «trll«tt« la tba 

ta ■•Bnatnt* «*rv 4lrveur m tte aart fncUca^ 

Hk* aa« • 4AaBc* la aTJuU 

C VVHMBI ;nj*ct at ^H i^iah aaaat te fu-ttvr B^Utt«4 at 

^ Uwt f>«iiitT viU ^ rvnad at l^fl^^ :a tta ru^ 

It HT bt atEVHajT ta iiv^^m*^ tta ri!ai:i4fa cT tkia M^pnjtct 
to tt» dBru« tba ai**? tea ta latnain af Kepa . 

1- ^MMMW^ aUo Mr*«a aa a'fntfm: c^tf^iaat to tta 

Hi^aa aa a cutaut ta 



soaaack.! 




- a L^-ii i a It u^*:* 




MORI DocID: 163357 




162 




rw * pan I 



14.U 



I ALlBtHVt 



«1^. 1396-3902 



|«4?jM«^ t« «tA«lt • 



'« Uo«cU«B. JO**! U 



}. ttU* t» ■W> 











' * > 








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MORI DocID: 163357 



163 



DRAFT 

34 JADdarr IM4 




SUOJtCT 



THE RECOKS 






1. T>ilx Bubprojtct tt b*lnc «it»bltmh.ed far 1h# purpVt*' 



J 



<kprr-iiiDn, Lr 



:)ce---uh« Qf 111! p«culiar-^4^;;^« av.d -^ 







of •upportiBf r#»li»^lc t*BC » of «rtgir. tfevglpgrent litfi B an« 
d»liv»ry iractxi of lattrtat ID T5E BB. i^'*"/ 

« r ^ 

3. Durlni th* eeura* of d«v«tepm«nt tt i* ao^vSliiiB 
fou£d that cvrtiin v«rx D«c«a>ary axptrlAtnta or t«»tt art net 
•uii«4 to ordinary ta^ontorr f>«lliii**. At th« aak* tlw. 
It iBDuld b* difficult If net lBp4*t;M« to conduct racb t«at« 
aa optritional ft«ld ttsta, T^L* projact li dtaxfnod t» pro- 
vide a eipabtlitr and facillttta to fill thia inttmodiata 
rcQulE-tPtnt. 

3, The actLvltlti und«r thia aubprojact «tll b« con- 
ducted b}- ^Ir. jM^fiMfpW. an Individual in ta« Japort and C* — 

aiporc buainvis, ^^^^StSSSttf^ *' ^tB^^ >iotda a TOP 
51CRET TrvAiury Cfpartncnt claarar.ct jf.d a SICXTT A|*ney 

approiil. Ht it conpl*t*l> aitiirc d* th* ataa and c<3ila of 
hla acTiviiitt. 

r_ 4. Ur ■(IV r<Jairta«a unis-tur faci1iii«n kr.d pfnor.al 
ab:lili«f •luc^ taxra hir Inviljr^t: e in l-.ia hird if ?aat3rs 




MORI DocID: 163357 





IM 



cipmbllltiM u nlI,M HU HC*lI»nt GOoD*ctlont »ltb all O* 
th* loeil 1" •ntore^tnt ■M»<:i»p •111 provld* ft uniqu* tstf 
•■■■nt&al capability. B«ctua« Kr. MCMI -* " loin#r n-C* 

«lA*flt of ^b*^H0tBHV "■*> ^' Me«aflarT 

■tiltftbla r*pluw*Bt b* provldtd la or««r tliBt a eapAbllliT 

for cantlBHau* of mr KtlvltlM b« BUntmlrrtd, ^ 

a, T^* *mtlaat»4 eo«t of tht projwct !■ 110. 000. W for 
a p«rlBd of OH rornr. Cbftrr«> •bould ba aad* M»lut Allet»nt 
Huabtr 4l9S-13IO-3ff02. |E«lmburB*Hai «llt b* u«0 for aorvlcaa 

raadtrod, _ _ .... - __ 

t. AccouDtlBf for fuada advucod and aor t^vlpBaBt undar 
tbi» aubprojaet *lll bo IB KCorJane* »ltb accoufttinf procj 

lira. «.t.bu.hod b7 «.— ::^394^^«=^^--^/ ^ 

T. A HBOTtTidvo Of mfraaoant Uont llnaa •■ta^Ha&«c: by 

prtTioua Budlt racoflffandmtiona la Ilk* situattou vlll b« 

■■ftCUttd. 




\.-,ti 



TSD/Bioleflicat Brucb 



.^ - 



■>* 



' --■'._ 




Dtatribution: 

Orieiaal oitl? 



MORI DocID: 163357 





e 



1. 



165 



ThL* i!i » T^u»^ for fir-4^tifel AUp^rt far rtttire^- »n tbi ■■rhanl^ ftf 



T)i« rt»r^K*-«»viiAtian tht«?7 upon irtuc> CMt r*srtr=^ U tc bf_bAt^ 



^-^ j*^ 



T^r prvfrvt ■■ vrtititftllr tub-tttatf Htlruttd Ub« dontLofi oT Ui* prB(n.i 
tc ba Tree thr*a ta flv« jun rvquatt^Jif « tstAl aT S72,1^ fgr tb* Ir^tUl 



S 



At tr^t n^-dit or thv 



i,(^,^4Ai^-U^l'^' W** 



,A r«tfk.=vti toudfvt w<> »ii«r:.U*d, 



-IT"?' 



a--_-iUnK t« t7^.9Z$. wii Uwn ftv«.-d«ti to tht 



'*A r^^^sn tMi pr^^riA I 



iT^ ft; i?,^'j. 



6. 



Til* frctrtii Hdv ta Aata widar U« ftbov* tsntnrt bv. 



1 r»b iws 



^ 



Th* faZ^lcivlrv rvHAnh f»ilt:l«s h«T* bt*n ir-Abliifivti far th« 



^ 
% 

^ 
^ 

3 



k\t\%m of -^ - t-.-iro fttt of li^ntoTT And Bt-lH v^act 
MctiHiy for T^Kort^i in Viii floLd^ 

Tlirvt bJAit. tfsL-i«rt«j h^vt tvotn rvn to At it* 



*rr \r ^:^i'■ \\^^. -"^c »^t^ t^» 



i. 




WAr;:j\G Ji^i*^ 







MORI DocID: 163357 





166 



B«^ full't-liH t«hrl«l parBvAMl vtt parUtli* profM»lB*nl 

fejlawini If th« l*ffl¥fclMl prsfrtiB K*d« and»r Oh ewrtnt 

• ApwUlluil iMttwwftUtlon and Mwr»i4 Uitlnf t*chrJqu*i 

raftaMnct^uTiution t^i^Biir «f brain tercidilan. 

Tat ft flbil-riUad ftlftift ftuiylAt«d ikuU. 
d. teu bfti b»#rt BbUif»^ an «»• Mtur* lAd «*t Mfnitud* of 

Xm •lUwr iJ^Kt «■ *#uad «•»■■ »n^|>t«l In »lr. 
« Initial •ItrflM b*« btm "iMto « Ui» ilKilftt^d ilua^ilcull 



7. 



J? 



9. 



Th* nirrant Xm-^1 *f Ktivttv h IhH pf^>ei «n ba ir<lMl*d ftj- th« 
Hit Twcfr.i biilin* to ""SB '"" ^^ ■^*'* *' fc>***«'-» nhicf, ■nsiiirt»d 
to m.0>.6l. ^^ 

In tht lT.t»r.H of ofritlthcy orrt kwmpv It I- r»q«»t.i> thot fct l«ftat 

thii Ivvil af octivi-r bo vuitoinod tmr Uw Hiiini 7««r, 






- J- - 




MORI DocID: 163357 




167 



It. I rr*ti.«r. V. ■trinai kpaln 



lr>n>ttnt »ULr «•« 1e haad IrJ^r^ •--ich ii mi biu I . r. i . -^1 Od, 
*ravT^ n»n4f*»bB vlJe^^r^Ad B/^Jlp-i sf purely pAHlytla 
»livd. tf«ti rwt at lyiS GB^priH Any •«d»r.:e a.' nr-etvr*! 




ID.2 



»0,3 Flrit, nrisldtnnc U-.p poiitilliiirr oT iJ;r»fi i—.f* to l". 

b. Pp--;Ti-. poir'_* of %r.7tz% dr. fc-li or body 
fer Iht i^teific •fftrli 4*tlrt3. 

€. lnt*a*:-j- of th* talcb far ih* i-Tut dtiirtf, 

ia> I/i rrjart to tht pQter^i.1 irptztir^ -**!«). t?-..rt on ct-.ji,T 
«««l4r. r«4uitUi.t-it nr* ■;;<-*-- oi imi v.c*- 

o. n* lr;-*rt ■ftoiilJ b> dolivtr*- mt-ajt 

b. fti« trto of iBi^e\ ifld ror» d; t'.rtt^>ian 

no"- oee-jr, 
■ - Ih* ir.toriltjr of thr lr7«ctlri far?* ird 
Iti fl-rM'-;*fi o^-j:- b* «ucn m U obtAin 
lh» imtiT^i of.'f^;^ 

«. Thf 3«vij. iia.ii H «t o*-.!! and am a;:#r-- 
oa pDittt;i, 

IC.S r^a ii:«i_'lc lr;*;'van| da*it*> mc^A uA t>ia fo™ of oitt «r 

0. * par.^aht typa blac^-jieb iiTSnt a hic* peak 
Irpaji forw witfi lo- ur.ti a.jfa?* prvit:^.-*. 

b. Ccn^a:^ ar ev^^ra^rt irnrc-'u^ee l-:>:tlT^i 
day-ti th*i triMtr upon eer.ta^t with iftt h.aaT 



£on-iTj. j*nfl leir etrj' ■*;;) 




MORI DocID: 163357 




168 

pni>ur« -••* "P prtd«» rr*round tf-i-t"- 

t^t -.t"Dd,S«-»rr, -o-ia muir. «:--*l f»-^"C4- ^. -- - ■ 



4 



isi -.■t»i3d mks iM mv:ti-.i 



■tc-^tla mto^li b» 



II. 



tu:;. "^; lT-;?- iSri.:;.. ^^ p-v.^^.. .»— «"""- 



9G-«e 196^ 





MORI DocID: 163357 




MATERIAL FOR THE RECORD 
MKSKAIICJ!. OFTKNCHK KWIT 

MKSKAHiH H„« tlH- iiiiii..' (■Ivi'ii I.. Till' •..ntliiiiMli..ii „r lit- MKllTll* i.r,.- 

«""'! >"'"ii"- ■-1.11....... r\ un*. H...1 -wi-Hi h, KY 1!.:- 1.: ,«,r,;.* ;V^ 

«l..l n..l,.«.,.,i.,. ,,«,j.rUl .,■,...,„. „,„i ,«.|,„i.,„.. f..r ,.r.-l.,. inu l-r^ ■• «t/i; h,^,^ ,^ 
lC:.|''..r.^',[^,"< '''''''*•'"'■■'■''•"''''"'■'=•- '"-''^l■'^t■.fhiKl,^^*..M^h>7.,^r"l",Z" 

oJTK.N/rilHKWlT 

ldH„r,ii.„ ...■, .....I <l...r,.,-lKrlJL,.il f -lri>«. tl,..i ,-«il<l iiiBue...^ I,,!m« "l-^^viw 

A l.l.:,^,l ,,r..;;r..,.„ «:. vi-i.,„„l ,|,„l «, 1 „„i« f „„,„i, „ „r ,, ^^ ,rt 

..r , .,..„l.„l „-.. «..,,i,l ,„..„ u. ,n.al>,tt..l .1 niHiirjllv .., :. I,„.N f.,r lUH.nfTr, ' in.l 



II 



Th,. ,.r.,L-nii.i «;,- .livi.lnl „„„ ,«., ,.r,.j^,t. I'ri.J., r'n>-;rK\ «■- I.. J,^] Bin, 
TJi-r.- I. II .li*rf|wti.y hcrun-ii thr t.^iiii»M,y ..r In >|i »,„] I'H rPi-nMli.E tl.p 

't:,iI:;;:?:!;;;;*:^iJ■:T'r'"' "-*""* ■" ""■ "-""" """"■" H-...nj's;m;:^ 



1 



MORI DOCID: 163357 





170 



THE CHRECTOIt Of CENTftAl INTELLIGENCE 



«HhHP«cTDH D c nm* 



0*^-ft bf Lv^itkoinv Cw^fnti 



23 Drcember 1?77 



^ 
^ 



HonoraMe Daniel K. Inouye, Chairman 
Select Corniaittee an Intelligence 
United Slates Senate 
h»shin£ton, D.C. ZOSIO 

Dear Mr. ChairiQjn: 



During Admiral Turner'* 3 August 13"7 iif»iiiawii' 
before your Connittce and the Senate Hunan Resource* 
Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research, you asked 
whether any Agencv employres had been terminated because of 
their participation in MKllLTRA Subprojeci 3, Admiral 
Turner indicated he did not believe any employee had 
been terminated, but would have Agency record* searched 
on thjii queftion. Our records have been searched and the 
results confirm the Director's testimony that no such 
actions were taken. 



Sincerely 




gi slat ive Counsel 




MORI DocID: 163357 





171 
QKHILLTOI* DEFINITION 

QKHIIJ-Tor win a rrj^ianiyrm t<sfffnt-i1 Jn litCA W n projecr to fctudr ChliHMir 
Coiiimuikixi l«rjiin»H»liihc iwUiUiiii*"^ au*! '<» iJ^vf-hij. lDtt*rrf>f:'4liiiii tf^hniq "-'•'. 
MtKt i>r Ihi" mMv i«Hti1it^ :»!> Wlif^rtl Ir- huvr |*^il foiKliioml hy th*- Cornell 
l"nit»rnllr Mnliriil StIum-I linuuii K<-"l*«v Sniily ]*r-<irrMiii^. Tli^ ^ffnrt »•* 
ih^irlH'fl inii" Ibf MKIJ.TKA jir4:niiii miil Tlif OKHILLTOr iTyiiHiti.viu invuuf 
uliyoli-ii-. Tlif K-hlffv for th^ luvt*HiitaXi'»t nf Hiinmn Kofil'ijcy. iHf^r thi- Hu&mn 




V 1 



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