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Full text of "Record of proceedings of the General Assembly of the Knights of Labor"

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OF THE. 



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44 

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6 

The D.A. which these delegates represented had no number upon the 
credentials presented. 

It was explained that the D.A. was formed December 22, 1877, and had 
not yet had a number assigned to it, and therefore, on motion of Rep. Thomas, 
of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the delegates be admitted. 

The Special Committee appointed to retire and examine delegate John 
Langdon, of Youngstown, O., then entered, and reported in substance that 
the delegate had been examined by the committee, and that the result was not 
satisfactory, and the committee accordingly recommended that the delegate be 
refused admission. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that the report be 
received and the committee be discharged. 

On motion of Rep. Crowne, of New York, it was voted that the Commit- 
tee on Credentials be authorized f«> inform Mm delegate that the convention 
would give him a hearing this afternoon at 2.80 o'clock. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was then voted that a recess be 
taken until 1.30 this P.M. 



1 



AFTERNOON SESSION. 

The convention was called to order at 1.30 P.M.. by the President. 

On motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that a com- 
mittee of five be appointed to draft an Order of Business for this convention, 
and also to present a list of officers for a permanent organization. 

The following were appointed : — 

Thomas, of Pennsylvania, Williams, of Pennsylvania, 

Gallagher, of Missouri, Steen, of Pennsylvania, 

Van Horn, of West Virginia. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that the committee 
just appointed have leave to retire. 

.On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that Bro. Langdon 
be now heard in his own behalf. 

Bro. Langdon then appeared, and, pleading illness, requested an exten- 
sion of the time by the convention. 

On motion of Rep. MeMahon, of New York, it was voted that the time 
be extended until to-morrow at 9 A.M. 

On motion of Rep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that each delegate 
be allowed five minutes, while the Committee on Permanent Organization is 



preparing its report, to speak upon the condition and needs of the Order In 
his own locality. 

The President stated that a request had been made that several members 
and former members of District Assemblies, who were in the ante-room, should 
be admitted to the floor of the convention. 

On motion of Rep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that they be 
admitted as spectators during the pleasure of the convention. 

Very interesting remarks were then made by the several members of the 
convention upon the state of the Order in their respective localities. 

The Committee on Order of Business and Permanent Organization 
reported as follows: — 

Mr. President and Members of the Convention : — 

The undersigned, as the committee chosen for that purpose, would respectfully submit 
the following 

Order of Business. 
1. Roll of Officers. 

Reading the Minutes of Previous Meeting. 
Admission of Delegates. 
Report of Committees. 
Communications. 
Unfinished Business. 

7. New Business. 

8. Election and Installation of Officers. 

9. We further recommend the Rules of Order adopted by D.A. No. 1 to govern us 
in debate until the new Constitution is adopted. 

We would also submit the following list of officers for the permanent organization of 
the convention : — 



2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 



IT. S. Stephens, W.A. 
Robert Schilling, A.S. 
J. A. Hamilton, A.B. 



ClIAS. II. LlTCHMAN, A.V. 
H. J. DlEHL, LP. 

J. A. Gibson, A. Bin. 



Respectfully presented, 

J. R. THOMAS, 

THOMAS M. GALLAGHER, 

RICHARD WILLIAMS, 

E. A. STEEN, 

W. L. VAN HORN, 

Committee. 



On motion of Rep. Reiff, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the report 



be received 



A motion was offered by Rep. McMahon^of New York, that the report be 
adopted. 



8 



9 



An amendment was adopted, on motion of Rep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, 
that the officers be acted upon separately. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that his name be 
stricken from the list, and that of Rep. Gallagher, of Missouri, be substituted 
in its place. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that the common 
terms be used in designating the officers of this convention. 

And on motion of Rep. Schilling, it was further voted that the motion 
just passed be construed to mean terms used in Local Assemblies. 

In accordance with these votes, the officers and their titles were as 
follows : — 

M.W., U. S. Stephens, Pennsylvania. 

W.F., J. A. Hamilton, Ohio. 

V.S., Titos. M. Gallagher, Missouri. 

R.S., Chas. H. Litciiman, Massachusetts. 

I.E., II. J. Dieiil, D.A. No. 4. 

W.I., John A. Gibson, Indiana. 

It was then voted that the Order of Business be adopted as presented. 
^ The vote was then taken upon the motion of Rep. McMahon, and it was 
decided in the affirmative, and the committee was discharged. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that a committee of 
five be appointed upon each each of the following subjects : — 

Constitution, 
Ritual, 
Secret Work. 

The following were appointed as Committee on Constitution : — 

Schilling, of Ohio. King, of Reading, Penn. 

Beaumont, of New York. Powderlv, of Pennsylvania. 

Boyle, of Pennsylvania. 

, The following were appointed as the Committee on Ritual : — 

Hamilton, of Ohio. Thomas, of Pennsylvania. 

Chisiiolm, of Pennsylvania. Burtoft, of Pennsylvania. 

McMahon, of New York. 

On motion of Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts, it was voted that the 
M.W. be added to the Committee on Ritual. 



On motion of Rep. Crowne, of New York, it was voted that the same 
committee act as the Committee on Secret Work. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that 

No member be allowed to speak more than twice on the same subject when any other 
wishes to speak, or more than five minutes at a time without leave. 

A motion was made by Rep. Powderly, of Pennsylvania, that a recess be 
now taken until to-morrow at 8.30 A.M. 

On motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, this motion was laid upon 
the table. 

On motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that a com- 
mittee of three be appointed upon International Correspondence with Trades 
Unions in other countries. 

On motion of Rep. Chisholm, of Peginsjdvania, it was voted that the 
vote just passed be reconsidered. 

On motion of Rep. Lamond, of Pennsylvania, it was then voted that 
the subject be referred to the Committee on Constitution. 

A motion was offered by Rep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, that a committee 
of five be appointed to consider the subject of providing for a National 
Resistance Fund, and to draft a plan for the consideration of the convention. 

Rep. McMahon, of New York, offered an amendment that the subject be 
referred to the Committee on Constitution. 

Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, made a motion that the convention go into a 
Committee of the Whole for the consideration of the question of a Resistance 
Fund ; which motion the M.W. ruled out of order. 

The question was then put upon the amendment of Rep. McMahon, of 
New York, which was lost. 

Rep. Schilling then moved that the subject under consideration be 
referred to Committee of the Whole, which was adopted. 

The M.W. called Rep. Hamilton, of Ohio, to the chair. 

The regular session of the convention was subsequently resumed, and 
Rep. Hamilton, of Ohio, reported that the Committee of the Whole was 
organized by the choice of Rep. Hamilton as Chairman, the R.S. of the 
convention acting as Secretary. 

The question was fully and carefully considered, and the Chairman was 
instructed to report that the motion ought to pass. 

On motion of Rep, Robt. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that the report 
be received and adopted and the committee be discharged. 

The question was then taken on the original. motion of Rep. Boyle, of 
Pennsylvania, and it was decided in the affirmative. The following \v<t< 
appointed : — 



10 



II 



Williams, of Pennsylvania. Keiff, of Pennsylvania. 

Laning, of West Virginia. Crowne, of New York. 

McLoughlin, of Pennsylvania. 

On motion of Eep. Lamond, of Pennsylvania, the motion of Eep. 
Powderly, in regard to a recess until to-morrow, at 8.30 A.M., was taken 
from the table, and, a vote being taken, it was decided in the affirmative, and 
at 6 P.M. the convention was declared at recess. 

Attest: CHAS. H. LITCHMAN, U.S. 



WEDNESDAY'S SESSION. 

Heading, Penn., January 2, 1878. 

The convention was called to order at 8.30 A.M. by the M.W. 

Some discussion arose as to the proper method of proceeding, and, on 
motion of Eep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that the convention proceed 
according to the regular order of business. 

The roll was then called, and the following delegates responded : — 

Beaumont Bowers, Boyle, Burgess, Burtoft, Byrne, Chisholm, Christ, Crowne, Gal- 
lagher (Pennsylvania), Gallagher (Missouri), Geary, Gibson, Hamilton, King, Lamond 
Lairnig Larkin, Litehman, McCoy, McLoughlin, McMahon, Powderly, Reiff, Schilling' 
bteen, Stephens, Thomas, Todd, Van Horn, Welch, Williams. 

Eep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, asked as a question of privilege that Bro 
Michael Mulligan, of his district, be allowed a seat in the convention. He 
explained the reason for making the request, it being in substance that Bro 
Mulligan was the original delegate, but his place had been filled by an 
alternate. 

Eep. King, of Pennsylvania, moved that he be admitted as a delegate 
Rep. Geary, of New York, offered as an amendment, that he have a seat 

without voice or vote in the convention. 

Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, offered an amendment to the amendment, that he 

be admitted and have a voice, but no vote. 

On this hitter, Rep. Schilling moved the previous question, which was 
lost. 

After some further discussion upon the merits of the several propositions 
the amendment to the amendment was adopted, and then in regular order the 
amendment and the original question as amended ; and Bro. Michael Mulligan 
was admitted to a seat and voice, but no vote, in the convention. 



The hour of nine o'clock having arrived, the hearing granted to Bro. 
Langdon, of Youngstown, O., came up by special assignment. 

A motion was made by Rep. Crowne, of New York, that Rro. Langdon 
be allowed thirty minutes in which to present his case ; but this motion was 
lost — 12 yes to 18 no. 

On motion of Rep. Geary, of New York, it was then voted that Rro. 
Langdon be allowed twenty minutes. 

Bro. Langdon was then admitted, and informed by the M.W. of the 
action of the convention. 

He then made a statement that he came more for the purpose of stating 
a grievance in regard to some irregularity of an organizer, who had been 
working in the vicinity of his Assembly. He did not come as a delegate, but 
to present this grievance ; but he would like to remain with the convention, in 
order to carry to his Assembly a complete record of the business here 
transacted. 

On motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsjdvania, it was voted that he be 
instructed to present his grievance to D.A. No. 12. 

Rep. Chisholm, of Pennsylvania, then moved that Bro. Langdon be 
admitted to the convention, with a voice, but not a vote. 

The M.W. ruled this motion out of order, on the ground that there was 
such informality in the existence of the Assembly to which he purported to 
belong as to make it unsafe to admit him. 

Rep. Chisholm, of Pennsylvania, appealed from this decision, and the 
decision of the M.W. was sustained. 

The R.S. then proceeded to read the records of 3~ester day's session, and, 
in so doing, it was discovered that no action had been taken upon the 
credentials of some of the delegates, and it was voted that the R.S. be 
authorized to insert the names of such delegates in this day's proceedings. 

They are as follows : — 

j/ Robert A. Steen, Pittsburgh, Penn., D.A. 8. 

3 7- Morris C. Welch, Connellsville, Penn., D.A. 11. 

The records as read by the R.S. were then declared approved. 
Rep. Williams, of Pennsylvania, presented the following : — 

Worthy M. W. and Members of the Convention : — 

The undersigned, to whom was referred the subject of a National Resistance Fund, 
would respectfully offer for your consideration the following outline : — 

Resistance Fund. 

This fund shall he raised by placing five cents per member per month in the hands of 
the Treasurer of the Subordinate Assembly, for such cases of emergency as may from lime 
to time arise after the expiration of two years, dating from January 1, 1878. 



> 



L2 

When the Board of Arbitration fails to adjust a grievance, it shall notify the National 
M.W. of said failure. Then said National M.W. shall, on receipt of such information, 
direct the District Assemblies working under the jurisdiction of said National Body to 
forward not more than ten per cent, of the Resistance Fund then in the treasuries of 
Subordinate Assemblies. 

Respectfully submitted, 
^ RICHARD WILLIAMS, 

JOHN G. LANING. 
HARRY McLOUGHLIN. 
GEORGE E. REIFF, 
THOMAS IVOROWNE, 

Committee. 

On motion of Rep. Chisholm, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the 
report be received. 

On motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the 
various propositions contained in the report be taken up seriatim. 

On motion of Rep. Chisholm, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that a 
National Resistance Fund be established. 

The next proposition was taken up, — that providing for an assessment 
of five cents per month. 

A motion was offered by Rep. Steen, of Pennsylvania, that the word 
"mouth" be stricken out and the word "week" inserted, which, after much 
debate, was lost. 

On motion of Rep. Lamoncl, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the 
proposition be construed as applying to members having employment. 

A motion was then made by Rep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, that the con- 
vention go into Committee of the Whole for the further consideration of the 
matter of the Resistance Fund, which was lost. 

On motion of Rep. Thomas, it was voted that the whole subject be 
recommitted to the Committee on Resistance Fund. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that, when we take a 
recess at noon, it be until this evening at seven o'clock. 

On motion of Rep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the conven- 
tion resolve itself into Committee of the Whole for general debate upon the 
good of the Order. 

Upon resuming the regular session the W.F. reported that the Committee 
of the Whole had organized by the choice of Rep. Hamilton, of Ohio, as 
Chairman, the R.S. acting as Secretary. After a full and careful discussion of 
the various needs of the Order, it was voted that the committee rise and 
report progress. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that the report be 
received. 



I 1 ' M M I T 

llni< | fVx* 

Austin, Tr*ai 



13 



A motion was made by Rep. Gallagher, of Missouri, that the name of 
the Order shall be kept secret. 

The M.W. ruled the motion out of order, upon the ground that, under the 
call for the convention, it was not at this time pertinent. 

It was then, at 12 o'clock, voted to take a recess. 



AFTER RECESS. 

EVENING SESSION. 

The convention reassembled at 7 o'clock P.M., the M.W. presiding. 

Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, arose to a question of privilege, upon the matter 
of Bro. John Langdon, of Youngstown, O. He stated that since the morning 
session he had sent to Mayor Logan, of Youngstown, O., a personal friend 
of his, the following telegram : — 

Is John Langdon a member of the * * * ? 
In reply to this he had received the following : — 

Youngstown, January 2, 1878. 
Robert Schilling, — John Langdon is a member in good standing of Lodge of K. of 
L., No. 312, and is our delegate to the convention. 

(Signed) MATTHEW LOGAN. 

Upon the strength of the new evidence here represented, Rep. Schilling 
moved that Bro. Langdon be admitted to a voice and seat in the convention. 

Rep. Reiff, of Pennsylvania, offered an amendment that he be allowed a 
vote as well as a voice. 

The amendment was adopted, — 14 yes, 9 no ; and then the question as 
amended was adopted. 

The Committee on Resistance Fund submitted the following : — 

M. W. and Members of the Convention, — We respectfully submit herewith a draft of 
a law to govern the collection and administration of the Resistance Fund. 

Respectfully presented, 

RICHARD WILLIAMS, 
JOHN a, LANING, 
HARRY McLOUGHLIN, 
THOMAS P. CROWNE, 
GEORGE E. REIFF, 

Committee. 



511235 



14 



15 



On motion of Rep. Chisholm, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that bhfl 
report be received and acted upon seriatim. 

Section 1, submitted by the committee, was then taken up, and while 
under consideration, upon motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, it wai 
voted that the vote adopted in the morning -session, inserting the words u hav- 
ing employment" after the word " brothers," in this section, be rescinded. 

On motion of Rep. McCoy, of Pennsylvania, the section was then adopted 
as follows : — 

RESISTANCE FUND. 

Section 1. This fund shall he raised by placing in the hands of the Treasurer or 
depositing as the Assembly may designate, five cents per month for each member, the sain* 
to be used as a Resistance Fund, and for no other purpose. 

Section 2 was then taken up and rejected. 

Upon motion of Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts, as a question of privi- 
lege, it was roted that Rule 20, of the Rules of Order, be rescinded. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was then voted that the vote 
rejecting Section 2 be reconsidered. 

Several verbal amendments were offered, and after a long discussion upon 
the question of arbitration involved in the section, and the best means of 
applying the principle, upon motion of Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts, it 
was finally voted that the whole matter of the Resistance Fund be referred to 
the Committee on Constitution. 

The Committee on Secret Work being ready to submit a report, on motion 
of Rep. Powderly, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the convention resolve 
itself into secret session. 



The regular session having been resumed, upon motion of Rep. Burtoft, 
of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the convention now take a recess until 
to-morrow at 10 o'clock, A.M. 

Attest: CHAS. II. LITCHMAN, B.S, 



THURSDAY'S SESSION. 

Reading, Penn., January 3, 1878. 

The convention was called to order at 10 o'clock, A.M., by the M.W. 
The roll was called, and the following answered to their names : — 

Beaumont, Bowers, Boyle, Burgess, Burtoft, Chisholm, Christ, Crowne, Gallagher 
(Pennsylvania), Gallagher (Missouri), Geary, Gibson, Hamilton, King, Lamond, Laning, 



Larkins, Litchman, McCoy, McLoughlin, McMahon, Powderly, Reiff, Schilling, Steen, 
Stephens, Thomas, Todd, Van Horn, Welch, Williams. 

The records of the previous session were read and approved. 

On motion of Rep. Van Horn, of West Virginia, it was voted the Reps. 
lieiff, King, and Rowers, of Reading, Penn., be a committee to secure a hail 
for a session this evening. 

On motion of Rep. Van Horn, it was also voted that a committee of five, 
on Finance, be appointed. 

The following were appointed : — 

Van Horn, Lanino, Hamilton, Geary, and Larkins. 

Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, chairman of the Committee on Constitution, 
made a report in substance that the committee had perfected and was ready to 
report the constitution for the G.A., and the constitution for D.A.'s, but for 
want of time had not completed its labors on the constitution for L.A/s. 

A motion was made by Rep. Van Horn, of West Virginia, that the par- 
tial report be adopted. 

Rep. Crowne, of New York, moved the previous question, which was 
ordered, and the motion of Rep. Van Horn was adopted. 

On motion of Rep. McMahon, of New York, it was voted that the con- 
vention go into Committee of the Whole, for the consideration of the consti- 
tutions submitted. 



The regular session being resumed, Rep. Hamilton reported that the com- 
mittee was organized by the choice of himself as chairman, and the R.S. as 
secretary. That the constitutions had been considered, and it had been voted 
that the committee rise, report progress, and ask leaA^e to sit again. 

On motion of Rep. Steen, of Pennsylvania, the report was adopted. 

On motion of Rep. Beaumont, of New York, it was voted that a com- 
mittee of five be appointed to arrange for jurisdiction and representation of 
D.A.'s. 

The following were appointed : — 

Litchman, Thomas, Williams, Steen, and Geary. 

Rep. Reiff, from the Committee on Hall for a night session, reported that 
a hall had been procured at the N.E. corner of Sixth and Washington streets. 

On motion of Rep. Chisholm, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the 
report' be accepted. 




( 



\ 



16 

On motion of Rep, Beaumont, of New York, it was voted that a rem 
now be taken until 3 o'clock, P.M. 

The M.W. accordingly declared the convention at recess until 3 o'clocti 
P.M. 






AFTERNOON SESSION. 

At 3 o'clock, P.M. the convention was called to order by the M.W. 

A statement was made concerning the apparent treachery of Rep.' John 
Langdon, of Youngstown, O., to the effect that he had been seen in suspicious 
intimacy with the reporter of the Reading « Daily Eagle," and it was feared 
that the objects of the convention, as well as the name of the Order, had been 
divulged and made public. 

Upon motion of Rep. Chi.sholm, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that a 
committee of three be appointed, one of whom should be a representative of 
DA. No. 4, to bring Langdon before the convention to explain his conduct. 

Reps. Chisholm, Reiff, and Lamond were appointed as the committee. 

Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts, from the Special Committee on Terri- 
tory and Representation, submitted a report embodying the points to be cov- 
ered in the form of a law. 

Upon motion of Rep. Hamilton, of Ohio, it was voted that the report be 
adopted, and the law be inserted in the constitution. 

The Committee on Finance submitted the following report, which, on 
motion of Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts, was adopted : — 

To the 31. W. and Members of the Convention : — 

Your committee appointed to devise ways to raise sufficient means to defray the 
expenses of this convention, would respectfully recommend an assessment of twenty-five 
cents upon each delegate in attendance, to be collected by Rep. R el ff, of Pennsylvania. 

Ihe expenses as ascertained by your committee, amount to six dollars for hall-rent up 
to, and including, the night session of this date. 

Kespectfully submitted, 

W. L. VAN HORN, 
J. G. LANING, 
J- A. HAMILTON, 
P. GEAKY, 
MATTHIAS LAKKINS, 

Committee. 

On motion of Rep. Van Horn, of West Virginia, it was voted to go into 
Committee of the Whole for the further consideration of the constitution. 



17 

The regular session having been resumed, Rep. Hamilton reported that 
the Committee of the Whole had organized, by the choice of himself as 
chairman, and the Secretary of the Convention as secretar} r . 

The following votes had been adopted in the committee : — 

That Reps. Litchman, Chisholm, and Larkins be recommended as a com- 
mittee to report a section of the constitution defining and separating the duties 
of the G.M.W. and G.S. 

That the committee rise and report progress. 

Upon motion of Rep. Stecn, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the 
recommendation of the Committee of the Whole be adopted by the con- 
vention. 

Rep. Reiff, of Pennsylvania, from the Special Committee chosen to re- 
quire the attendance of Rep. Langdon, made a report, in substance, that he 
had seen the reporter of the " Eagle," and had learned that Langdon had 
been in communication with him, but was so intoxicated as to be able to give 
very little information fit to publish. 

It had been impossible to find Langdon himself, although information 
which had come to the committee proved conclusively that he had called at 
three houses of ill-fame in the city, at one of which he had made an engage- 
ment to return later in the evening. 

The report was accepted, and the secretary instructed to send information 
concerning the actions of Langdon to the Assembly represented by him. 

At this stage of the proceedings, the M.W., Rep. Stephens, of Phila- 
delphia, informed the convention that his business engagements were such as 
to make it impossible for him to remain any longer to preside over the delib- 
erations. He expressed his regrets at being compelled to leave, and assured 
the delegates of his warm and earnest sympathy with their labors, and hoped 
the work so harmoniously begun would be carried to a successful completion. 
He concluded by resigning his position as M.W. 

The W.F., Rep. Hamilton, of Ohio, having positively refused to advance 
to the position of M.W., Rep. Chisholm, of Pennsylvania, w^as unanimously 
elected thereto. 

Upon accepting, Rep. Chisholm returned thanks for the honor conferred. 

It w^as then voted unanimously that the thanks of the convention be 
tendered to Rep. Stephens, of Pennsylvania, for his able and impartial per- 
formance of the duties of M.W. 

Rep. Lamond, of Pennsylvania, asked to be excused from further attend- 
ance upon the convention, and his request was granted. 

Upon motion of Rep, Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted to go into Com- 
mittee of the Whole for the further consideration of the constitution. 

The regular session having been resumed, Rep. Litchman, of Massachu- 



18 



19 



setts, reported that the committee had organized by the choice of himself as 
chairman, and Rep. Powderly, of Pennsylvania, as secretary. 

The labors of the committee not having been completed, it had been voted 
to rise, report progress, and ask leave to sit again. 

Upon motion of Rep. McLoughlin, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the 
report be accepted, and the request granted. 

Upon motion of Rep. Van Horn, of West Virginia, it was voted that a re- 
cess be now taken until 7 o'clock, P.M., to the hall engaged for the evening 
session. 



The regular session having been resumed, the convention, at 12.40 A.M., 
took a recess until Friday, January 4, at 10 o'clock, A.M. 

Attest: CHAS. H. LITCHMAN, M.S. 



EVENING SESSION. 

The convention was called to order by the M.W. at 7 P.M. 

On motion of Rep. Van Horn, of West Virginia, it was voted to go into 
Committee of the Whole for the further consideration of the constitution. 

Regular session having been resumed, Rep. Beaumont, of New York, re- 
ported that the committee had organized by the choice of himself as chairman, 
and Rep. Powderly, of Pennsylvania, as secretary. 

The committee had completed the labors under consideration, and had 
perfected a constitution for the General Assembly, a constitution for District 
Assemblies, and a constitution for Local Assemblies, and submitted the same 
for the action of the convention. 

On motion of Rep. Van Horn, of West Virginia, it was voted that the 
constitutions, as reported, be adopted. (See page 28 for Constitutions in full.) 

The Special Committee, chosen to define the duties of the officers of the 
General Assembly, submitted an additional section to the constitution, 
embodying the points to be covered. 

Upon motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that the report be 
received and acted upon by periods. 

The consideration of the reported section having been concluded, upon 
motion of Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts,, it was voted that the subject- 
matter be incorporated in the constitution. 

Upon motion of Rep. Beaumont, of New York, it was voted that the 
following be incorporated in the constitution for District Assemblies : — 

Each D.A. and L. A. under the jurisdiction of the General Assembly upon sending any 
money to the G.S., shall immediately forward an account thereof to the G.M.W. 

Upon motion of Rep. Van Horn, of West Virginia, it was voted to go into 
secret session. 



FRIDAYS] SESSION. 

Reading, Penn., January 4, 1878. 
The convention was called to order at 10 o'clock, A.M., the W.M. 

presiding. 

The roll was called, and the following delegates answered to their 

names : — 

Beaumont, Bowers, Boyle, Burgess, Burtoft, Chisholm, Christ, Crowne, Gallagher 
(Pennsylvania), Gallagher (Missouri), Geary, Gibson, Hamilton, King, Laning, Larkins, 
Litchman, McCoy, McLoughlin, McMahon, Powderly, Reiff, Schilling, Steen, Thomas, 
Todd, Van Horn, Williams. 

On motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, the reading of the record 
was dispensed with. 

It was voted to go into secret session. 

Regular session having been resumed, it was voted to adopt the fol- 
lowing : — 

Resolved, The G.M.W., or the M.W. of D.A. shall haye power to authorize the 
organizer of any Assembly to retain so much of the charter-fee as may be necessary to 
pay his actual expenses in organizing said Assembly. 

On motion of Rep. Yan Horn, of West Virginia, it was voted that a sec- 
tion be inserted in the constitution authorizing the appointment of organizers 
by the G.M.W. 

On motion of Rep. McMahon, of»New York, it was voted that an informal 
ballot be taken to designate the place where the next session of the G-.A. 
shall be held. 

Rep. Powderly, of Pennsylvania, was appointed judge, and Reps. Geary, 
of New York, and Reiff, of Pennsylvania, were appointed tellers. 

The result of the informal ballot was as follows : — 



Whole number .... 


. 25 


Necessary to a choice 


13 


Philadelphia had .... 


1 


Cleveland " 


* 2 


Cincinnati " 


9 


Saint Louis " . . 


13 



20 



Upon motion of Rep. Laning, of West Virginia, it was voted that th« 
next session of the General Assembly be held at St. Louis, Missouri. 

Some discussion then ensued on the subject of making the name of the 
Order public, and in order to get a vote upon the question, it was moved by 
Rep. Lrtchman, of Massachusetts, that the name of the Order be made public. 

The yeas and nays were ordered, with the following result: — 

Yeas : Crowne, Hamilton, Schilling, Todd, "Van Horn — 5. 

^ys: Beaumont, Bowers, Boyle, Burgess, Burtoft, Chisholm, Christ, Gallagher 
a'onnsylvanm), GaUagher (Missonri), Geary, Gibson, Laning, Larkins, Litchman, McCoy, 
McLoughlin, McMahon, Powderly, Reiff, Steen, Thomas, Williams - 22. 

The representatives voting « yea " stated that they did so by instructions 
from the bodies they represented, and Reps. Chisholm, Laning, and Powderly 
made each an explanation of his vote. 

By the result, the motion was defeated. 

On motion of Rep. Williams, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the sal- 
aries of the officers of the G.A. be now fixed for the ensuing year, as provided 
for in the constitution. 

After several votes upon different sums named, the salaries were finally 
fixed as follows : — 

G.M.W., two hundred dollars and actual expenses — 14 yeas, 11 nays 
G.S., eight hundred dollars and actual expenses — 20 yeas to 7 nays. ' 
G.T., fifty dollars and actual expenses — unanimously. 
Upon motion of Rep. Crowne, of New York, it was voted that the con- 
vention now proceed to elect officers for the General Assembly, the ballot 
for G.M.W. to be informal. 

Rep. Powderly, of Pennsylvania, was appointed judge, and Reps. Reiff 
of Pennsylvania, and Geary, of New York, were appointed tellers of the 
election. 

The result of the informal ballot was as follows : — 



Whole number 
Necessary to a choice 
Richard Williams had 
Robert Schilling " 
Terrence V. Powderly had 
Uriah S. Stephens " 



27 
14 
1 
2 
10 
14 



Upon motion of Rep. Litcfiman, of Massachusetts, it was voted that the 
ballot be declared formal, and the election made unanimous. 

Upon motion of Rep. Beaumont, of New York, it was voted that the 



M.W. and the Secretary of the Convention be authorized to telegraph to Rep. 
Stephens, of Pennsylvania, notify him of his election, and ask his acceptance. 

Upon motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that an 
informal ballot be now taken for G.S. 

The result was as follows : — 



Whole number 
Necessary to a choice 
James A. Hamilton had 
Thomas King " 

John Gr. Laning " 

Terrence V. Powderly had 
Chas. H. Litchman " . 



25 

13 
1 
1 
2 
3 

18 



Upon motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that the ballot be 
made formal and unanimous. 

It was then voted, upon motion of Rep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, that a 
recess be taken until 1.30 P.M. 



AFTERNOON SESSION. 

The convention assembled again at 1.30 P.M., the M.W. presiding. 
Upon motion of Rep. Crowne, of New York, it was voted to proceed to 
nominate and elect a O.T. 

The following was the result : — 



FIRST BALLOT. 

Whole number 
Necessary to a choice 
Thomas P. Crowne had . 
Michael J. McMahon had 
Ralph Beaumont " 

James A. Hamilton " 
Thomas M. Gallagher " 

And there was no choice. 



25 
13 
2 
3 
5 
6 




22 



23 



SECOND BALLOT. 

Whole number ........ 20 

Necessary to a choice ....... 14 

James A. Hamilton had G 

Ralph Beaumont "•...... 9 

Thos. M. Gallagher " . ] u 

And there was no choice. 

THIRD BALLOT. 

Whole number 26 

Necessary to a choice ........ 14 

Ralph Beaumont had . . 10 

Thomas M. Gallagher had 16 

And Rep. Gallagher, of Missouri, was declared elected. 

Upon motion of Rep. Crowne, of New York, it was voted to proceed to 
the nomination and election of a G.W.F. 

Ralph Beaumont being the only nominee, upon motion of Rep. Reiff, of 
Pennsylvania, the secretary was authorized to cast the unanimous vote of the 
convention for Rep. Beaumont, of New York, 

Upon motion of Rep. Boyle, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the con- 
vention proceed to elect a Grand Assistant Secretary. 

The following was the result : — 

Whole number 25 

Necessary to a choice ........ 13 

Terrence V. Powderly had H 

John G. Laning "..... 14 

And Rep. Laning, of West Virginia, was declared elected. 

Upon motion of Rep. Beaumont, of New York, it was voted to proceed 
to elect an Executive Board of Five. 

Several nominations having been made, upon motion of Rep. Reiff, of 
Pennsylvania, it was voted that the highest five be declared the candidates 
elected. 

The ballot resulted as follows : — 

Thomas King had 3 

Robert Schilling had . 3 

Robert Todd " .....! 3 



Michael J. McMahon had 
Samuel Lamond 
Terrence V. Powderly 
William L. Van Horn 
James A. Hamilton 
Robert A. Steen 
John A. Gibson 
Thomas P. Crowne 



4 
5 
9 
14 
20 
21 
23 
23 



And Reps. Crowne, of New York ; Gibson, of Indiana ; Steen, of Pennsyl- 
vania ; Hamilton, of Ohio ; and Van Horn, of West Virginia, were declared 
elected. 

A motion was offered by Rep. Beaumont, of New York, that the officers 
and Executive Board be entitled to a seat, with voice and vote, in the next 
sessions of the General Assembly. 

An amendment was adopted, on motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, 
striking out the privilege of voting, and then the question, as amended, was 
adopted. 

On motion of Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts, it was voted that the 
words " payable in advance" be inserted after the words " per capita tax " in 
the constitutions. 

On motion of Rep. Laning, of West Virginia, it was voted that the G-.S. 
have a sufficient number of copies of the proceedings of this convention 
printed for distribution. 

On motion of Rep. Laning, of West Virginia, it was voted that the use 
of the A.D. be left optional with District Assemblies. 

On motion of Rep. Powderly, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the 
charter-fee for Local Assemblies now in existence be three dollars. 

On motion of Rep. Schilling, of Ohio, it was voted that all Local Assem- 
blies that can prove the payment of a charter-fee to L. J. Booker, of Pitts- 
burgh, or others claiming authority, be furnished with charters without 
expense — 16-4. 

A motion was made by Rep. Todd, of Ohio, that the G.S. be instructed to 
have all printing done in Scranton, Penn. 

An amendment was offered and adopted that the G.S. let the printing be 
done by the lowest bidder, and the question, as amended, was adopted. 

On motion of Rep. McMahon, of New York, it was voted that the G.S. 
insert a clause in the respective constitutions requiring each Local Assembly 
and District Assembly to procure a seal. 

On motion of Rep. Thomas, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the 



24 



c 



Jesign for the seals of Local Assemblies shall be a triangle within a circle, au« 
for District Assemblies, a pentagon within a circle. 

It was voted that the G.S. and G.T. file their bonds with the Chairman 
of the Executive Board, who, upon receipt thereof, shall notify the G.S ;m.| 
the G.S. shall then notify the C.S. of each D.A. to that effect. 

Upon motion of Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts, it was voted that th« 
G.T, be instructed, as soon as funds come into his possession, to pay the sum 
of ten dollars to Bro. Henry J. Diehl, of Reading, Penn., for his faithful 
services as janitor during the convention. 

On motion of Rep. McCoy, of Pennsylvania, it was voted that the officers 
of the General Assembly be now installed. 

It was also voted that Reps. Litchman, of Massachusetts, and Crowne of 
New York, be authorized to install the G.M.W. in Philadelphia to-morrow 

Upon motion of Rep. Burtoft, of Pennsylvania, Rep. Chisholm, of Penn- 
sylvania, was invited to perform the Ceremony of Installation. 

The officers of the General Assembly then present were installed as 
follows : — 

G.W.F., Ralph Beaumont, New York. 
G.S., Chas. I-I. Litchman, Massachusetts. 
G.A.S., John G. Laning, West Virginia. 
G.T., Thomas M, Gallagher, Missouri. 



The General Assembly was then called to order, the G.W.F. presiding 

Congratulatory remarks were then made by several of the delegates upon 
the success which had attended the patient labors of the convention, and 
upon the brilliant future which seemed to spread out before the Genera] 
Assembly. 

Votes of thanks were passed as follows : 

To the members of the Order in Reading, for their uniform courtesy and 
kindness during the session of the convention. 

To Rep. Chisholm, of Pennsylvania, for his faithful and impartial ser- 
vices as M.W. of the convention. 

To the G.S., for the able and efficient record of proceedings which he 
has furnished the convention from day to day. 

And to the various speakers, for their interesting and instructive 
remarks. 

» . V »° n ™ 0t{on 0f Re P- Crowne > of New York, it was unanimously voted 
hat the G.S. be instructed to notify the Assembly at Youngstown, 0., that 
the General Assembly requested said Assembly to expel John Langdon from 
the Order. ° 



I 



25 

This action was taken after a long article in the Reading u Eagle" had 
been read to the General Assembly, which was believed to have been inspired 
by Rep. Langdon, and which exposed some of the secrets of the Order. 

Upon motion of Rep. Litchman, of Massachusetts, it was voted that the 
G.M.W. and the G.S. be authorized to select a suitable design for the seals 
of the G.M.W. and the General Assembly. 

The business of the General Assembly having been concluded at 6.35 
P.M. of Friday, January 4th, 1878, upon motion of Rep. Geary, of New York, 
it was voted that the General Assembly adjourn sine die. 

Attest: CHAS. H. LITCHMAN, 

Grand Secretary. 




" 



NAMES AND ADDEESSES 



OFFICERS 



DELEGATES ATTENDING THE READING CONVENTION. 



a-EnSTEE/T^Ij ASSEMBLY 



Beaumont, Ralph, Shoemaker 
Bowers, Wm. W., Moulder 
Boyle, George S., Engineer 
Burgess, John, Miner . 
Burtoft, Edmund, Miner 
Byrne, John L., Miner . 
Chisholm, John B., Miner 
Christ, Jacob, Locomotive Engineer 
Crowne, Thomas P., Shoemaker 
Gallagher, Hugh, Miner 
Gallagher, Thomas M., Machinist 
•Geary, Patrick, Shoemaker 
Gibson, John A., Miner . 
Hamilton, James A., Printer 
King, Thomas, Machinist 
Lamond, Samuel, Steam Boiler Maker 
Laning, John G., Nail Packer 



138 



Parkins, Matthias, Locomotive Engineer 
Litchman, Chas. H., Shoemaker 
McCoy, Charles S., Glass Worker . 
McLoughlin, Harry, Glass Blower . 
McMahon, Michael J., Machinist . 
Powderly, Terrange V., Machinist 
Eeief, George E., Carpenter . 
Schilling, Robert, Cooper . 
Steen, Robert A., Glass Blower . 
Stephens, Uriah S., Garment-cutter 



210 West Hudson street, Elmira, N.V 

. 119 Rose street, Reading, P.muj. 

Hazleton, Luzerne Co., Penffl 

Stockton, Luzerne Co., Penffl 

Pike Run, Washington Co., Penn; 

Box 103, Scottdale, Westmoreland Co., Pom,. 

. Carbondale, Luzerne Co., Penn, 

Box 316, Waverly, N.Y. 

Bridge street, cor. of High, Brooklyn, N.\'. 

. Walker's Mills, Allegheny Co., Penn, 

. Tower Grove Station, St. Louis, Moi 

Canisteo, N.Y. 

Knightsyille, Clay Co., Ohio. 

. Leetonia, Columbiana Co., Ohio. 

933 Spruce street, Reading, Penn. 

160 North Sixth street, Philadelphia, Penn, 

Clifton, Mason Co., W. Va, 

0. Address, Box 337, Middleport, Ohio.) 

2446 Tulip street, Philadelphia, Penn. 

Box 386, Marbiehead, Mass. 

1003 Carson street, Pittsburgh (South Side), Penn. 

1109 Bigham street, Pittsburgh (South Side), Penn. 

336 West Seventh street, Elmira, N.t . 

. Lock Box 445, Scranton, Luzerne Co., Penn. 

•■■'■/■• 430 Woodward street, Reading, Penn. 

Office " Labor Advance," Cleveland, Ohio. 

81 Sixteenth street, Pittsburgh (South Side), Penn.' 



(P- 



2347 Coral street, Philadelphia, Penn. 
Thomas, Joshua R., Blacksmith Lock Box 445? Scr ^^ 

Tobb Robert, ilW Thomastown, Summit Co., Ohio. 

Van Horn, Wm. L., Teacher Lewiston, Kanawha Co., W. Va. 

Welch, Morris C, Miner Dunbar, Payette Co., Penn. 

Williams, Richard, Miner , . Audenried, Carbon Co., Penn. 




Term Ending January 14, 1879. 



Uriah S. Stephens 



($i\md Pastes Mo^man. 

2347 Coral street, Philadelphia, Penn. 



(gqand Mor L thy ^or^man. 

Ralph Beaumont 210 West Hudson street, Elmira, N.Y. 

C^and gecj^tatiu, 
Chas. H. Litchman Box 386, Marbiehead, Mass. 

<pt|an4 $$si$tant $ ecqetatiy. 
John G. LaNino Box 337, Middleport, Ohio. 

Executive Boat{ti. 

Thomas P. Crowne, Chairman .... 158 Bridge street, Brooklyn, N.Y. 
James A. Hamilton, Secretary . . . , . Leetonia, Columbiana Co., Ohio. 

John A. Gibson Knightsvilie, Clay Co., Ohio. 

Robert A. Steen . . ' ' ,.. . 81 Sixteenth street, Pittsburgh (South Side), Penn. 
Wm. L. Van Horn . . . -. . . . Lewiston, Kanawha Co. , W. Va. 



The next session of the General Assembly will be held at Saint Louis, Missouri, 
commencing Tuesday, January 14, 1879. 



A 



29 



CONSTITUTIONS 

OP THE 

GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 

DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES AND LOCAL ASSEMBLIES 

or THE 



Adopted at Reading, l* a ., Jan. 1-4, 1878. 



-When bad men combine, the good must associate, else they will fall, one by one, an unpitied 
sacrifice in a contemptible struggle." 



PREAMBLE. 

The recent alarming development and 
aggression of aggregated wealth, which, un- 
less checked, will inevitably lead to the pau- 
perization and hopeless degradation of the 
toiling masses, render it imperative, if we 
desire to enjoy the blessings of life, that a 
check should be placed upon its power and 
upon unjust accumulation, and a system 
adopted which will secure to the laborer the 
fruits of his toil; and as this much-desired 
object can only be accomplished by the 
thorough unification of labor, and the united 
efforts of those who obey the divine injunc- 
tion that "In the sweat of thy brow shalt 
thou eat bread," we have formed the 
***** with a view of securing the or- 
ganization and direction, by cooperative ef- 
fort, of the power of the industrial classes ; 
and we submit to the world the objects 
sought to be accomplished by our organiza- 
tion, calling upon all who believe in secur- 
ing "the greatest good to the greatest num- 
ber " to aid and assist us. 
I. To bring within the folds of organiza- j 



tion every department of productive indus- 
try, making knowledge a stand-point for 
action, and industrial, moral worth, not 
wealth, the true standard of individual and 
national greatness. 

II. To secure to the toilers a proper 
share of the wealth that they create ; more 
of the leisure that rightfully belongs to them ; 
more society advantages ; more of the bene- 
fits, privileges, and emoluments of the world ; 
in a word, all those rights and privileges nec- 
essary to make them capable of enjoying, 
appreciating, defending, and perpetuating the 
blessings of good government. 

III. To arrive at the true condition of 
the producing masses in their educational, 
moral, and financial condition, by demanding 
from the various governments the establish- 
ment of bureaus of Labor Statistics. 

IV. The establishment of cooperative 
institutions, productive and distributive. 

V. The reserving of the public lands — 
the heritage of the people — for the actual 
settler ;-— not another acre for railroads or 
speculators. 

VI. The abrogation of all laws that do 



not bear equally upon capital and labor, the 
removal of unjust technicalities, delays, and 
discriminations in the administration of jus- 
tice, and the adopting of measures providing 
for the health and safety of those engaged in 
mining, manufacturing, or building pursuits. 

VII. The enactment of laws to compel 
chartered corporations to pay their employes 
weekly, in full, for labor performed dur- 

' ing the preceding week, in the lawful money 
of the country. 

VIII. The enactment of laws giving me- 
chanics and laborers a first lien on their 
work for their full wages. 

IX. The abolishment of the contract sys- 
tem on national, State, and municipal work. 

X. The substitution of arbitration for 
strikes, whenever and wherever employers 
and employes are willing to meet on equita- 
ble grounds. 

XL The prohibition of the employment 
of children in workshops, mines and facto- 
ries before attaining their fourteenth year. 

XII. To abolish the system of letting out 
by contract the labor of convicts in our pris- 
ons and reformatory institutions. 

XIII. To secure for both sexes equal pay 
for equal work. 

XIV. The reduction of the hours of labor 
to eight per day, so that the laborers may 
have more time for social enjoyment and in- 
tellectual improvement, and be enabled to 
reap the advantages conferred by the labor- 
saving machinery which their brains have 
created. 

XV. To prevail upon governments to es- 
tablish a purely national circulating medium, 
based upon the farm and resources of the 
nation, and issued directly to the people, with- 
out the intervention of any system;of bank- 
ing corporations, which money shall be a 
legal tender in payment of all debts, public 
or private. 



CONSTITUTION 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

or TUB 



ARTICLE I. 

NAME, JURISDICTION, AND MEMBERSHIP. 

Section 1. This body shall be known as 
the General Assembly of the * * * * * and 
shall be composed of Delegates elected ac- 
cording to Art. II of this Constitution. 

Sect. 2. This G.A. has full and final 
jurisdiction, and is the highest tribunal of 
the * * * * * it alone possesses the power 
and authority to make, amend, or repeal the 
fundamental and general laws and regula- 
tions of the Order ; to finally decide all con- 
troversies arising in the Order ; to issue all 
charters on the recommendation of D.A.'s., 
where such exist, and to issue travelling, 
transfer, and final cards. It can also tax the 
members of the Order for its maintenance. 

AKTICLE II. 

MEETINGS AND REPRESENTATION. 

Section 1. This G.A, shall hold a regular 
annual meeting on the second Tuesday in 
January, at such place as may be, from time 
to time, determined upon. Special meetings 
may be called by the G.M.W., when by him 
deemed necessary, or at the request of five 
D.A.'s of five different States. 

Sect. 2. Each D.A. shall be entitled to 
one representative for the first thousand 
members, or less, and one for each additional 
thousand or majority fraction thereof, but 
no IX A, shall have more than three repre- 
sentatives. 

Sect. 3. Each representative must pre- 
sent to the G.A. a credential issued by the 
G.S. of the G.A., signed by the M.W. and 
E.S. and attested by the seal of the D.A, 



30 



31 



Alternates must present similar creden- 
tials. 

States or countries where no D.A. exists, 
, shall he entitled to one representative each, 
to he chosen by the L.A., or in a convention 
of delegates from the L.A.'s, and the cre- 
dential shall be attested by the signatures of 
the M.W. and E.S. and by the seal of the 
L.A. to which the representative or alternate 
may belong. 

Expenses of representatives must be paid 
by the L.A. or D.A, which they represent. 

ARTICLE III. 

FOUNDING DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES. 

Section 1. Until the session of the G.A., 
to be held January, 1879, D.A.'s may he 
founded in such localities as the G.M.W. in 
his discretion may decide, after applications 
for the establishment of such D.A.'s have 
been made in the form provided by this con- 
stitution. 

Sect. 2. Applications for founding D.A.'s 
in any State or country where a D.A. or 
D.A.'s already exist, must be endorsed by 
the M.W. or a majority of the M.W. of 
D.A.'s in that State or country. 

- AETICLE IV. 

OFFICERS AND TERM OFJOFFICES. 

Section 1. The officers of this G.A. 
shall be a G.M.W., G.W.F., G.S., G.A.S., 
G.T., G.I., G.I.E., and G.O.E. 

There shall also be an Executive Board 
of five elected annually. The G.I., G.I.E., 
and G.O.E. , shall be appointed at the opening 
of the session. All elections shall be by 
ballot unless there is but one candidate. 

Sect. 2. In electing officers, nominations 
shall be made for one office at a time, and 
the election shall take place before further 
nominations are made. 

AETICLE V. 

DUTIES OF OFFICERS. 

Section 1. The G.M.W. shall preside 



at all sessions of this G.A. and enforce all 
laws thereof during a recess. 

He shall have general superintendence of 
the Order. 

He shall make the annual travelling pass- 
word, and, with the assistance of the G.S. 
and District Organizers, he shall furnish thl 
same to each D.A. and L.A., under the 
jurisdiction of the G.A., in good standing. 
He shall fill all vacancies occasioned by 
death or otherwise, until an election can he 
held. He shall sign all Orders on the G.T. 
drawn in accordance with the laws of the 
Order. He shall sign all papers and docu- 
ments that require his signature to properly 
authenticate them. He shall, upon the 
written request of five D.A.'s, representing 
the five different States, direct a special 
session of the G.A. to be called; and the 
G.S. shall notify, by letter, each D.A. and 
L.A. entitled to representation in this G.A., 
at least twenty days previous to the time 
of meeting, stating the object of the 
call. 

He may appoint District Organizers when- 
ever and wherever he thinks the good of the 
Order requires, for the building up of the 
Order, in localities where no D.A. exists; 
but when a D.A. has been formed in that 
locality, the term of such Organizer shall 
cease. He shall also have power to confirm 
the appointment of Organizers that may b„e 
selected by any D.A. 

His correspondence with D.A.'s, andL. A.'s, 
when practicable, shall be attested by the 
seal of the G.A. ; but he shall have a G.M.W. 's 
seal for use in cases of special emergency 
requiring prompt response. 

He shall submit, at the annual session of 
this G.A., a written report of all his official 
acts during his term of office, and he shall 
perform such other duties as the laws, rules, 
and usages of this Order require. 

In addition to his actual expenses, he shall 
receive for his services such compensation 
as may be fixed at each annual session, the 
same to be paid in equal monthly instalments ; 
and at the end of his term of office, he shall 



turn over all books and other property of 
this G.A. to his successor in office. 

Sect. 2. The G.S. shall keep a correct 
report of the proceedings of this G.A. He 
shall read all communications, reports, peti- 
tions, etc., and attest all orders drawn on the 
G.T. He shall affix the seal of this G.A. to 
all documents when necessary. He shall 
prepare for publication a copy of the pro- 
ceedings of this G.A. within one month after 
the close of each annual or special session. 
He shall also make to this G.A., at its annual 
session, a complete statement of the condition 
of the Order, compiled from the latest reports 
from the D.A.'s. In the month of November 
of each year he shall furnish the annual 
travelling password as prepared by the 
G.M.W. to the M.W. of each D.A. and to 
M.W. of L. A.'s under the jurisdiction of the 
G.A. through the District Organizers. He 
shall conduct the correspondence of this 
G.A. He shall keep a record of the names, 
numbers, dates of institution and location 
of all D.A.'s. and L.A.'s. He shall have 
charge of the seal, books, papers, and 
private work belonging to the G.A. At the 
end of his term of office, he shall deliver to 
the G.A,, or its proper officer, all property 
of this Body and Order. He shall keep a 
true and correct account between this G.A. 
and all D.A.'s. and L.A.'s. He shall present 
to this G.A., at each annual session, a full 
and correct statement of the amount of 
money received ijid paid to the G.T. during 
the year. He shall, at the end of each 
month, make settlement with, and pay over 
to, the G.T. all moneys in his hands belonging 
to this G.A. He shall perform such other 
duties as the laws and usages of this Order 
require. He shall give a bond to the Execu- 
tive Board for the faithful performance of 
his duties in the sum of five hundred dollars. 
Eor his services he shall receive, in equal 
monthly payments, such compensation as may 
be fixed at each annual session. His monthly 
expense account shall be paid by the G.T. 
after being approved by the G.M.W. 

Sect. 3. The G.T. shall receive from the 



G.S. and receipt to him therefor all moneys 
collected. He shall hold and keep securely 
all money received by him and pay all orders 
attested by the G.M.W, and G.S., drawn on 
him in accordance with the laws of the Order. 
He shall have his accounts posted regularly 
and ready for settlement, and exhibition to 
the proper officers whenever they may re- 
quire it, and he shall make to the G.A., at its 
annual session, a full and correct report of 
the condition of the G.A. treasury. He shall 
deliver to the G.A., or its proper officer, 
whenever called upon to do so, all money, 
papers, and other property in his hands be- 
longing to this body or the Order. He shall 
deposit, at such places and in such manner 
as the Executive Board may direct, all sur- 
plus funds in his hands. In addition to his 
actual expenses for his services he shall 
receive, in equal monthly payments, such 
compensation as may be fixed at each an- 
nual session. Before entering upon the duties 
of his office, he shall give to the Executive 
Board, for the faithful performance of the 
same, a bond in the sum of one thousand 
dollars. 

Sect. 4. The G.W.E., in case of the 
death, resignation, or removal of that officer, 
shall perform all the duties of G.M.W., and 
during the session of the G.A., shall assist 
the G.M.W., as necessity requires, in the 
discharge of his duties. 

Sect. 5. The G.A.S. shall succeed to the 
duties of G.S. upon the death, resignation, 
or removal of that officer, and during the 
sessions of the G.A. render him such as- 
sistance as may be needed. 

Sect. 6. The G.L, G.I.E. and G.O.E., 
shall perform the duties required by their 
offices, and as directed by the G.M.W. 

Sect. 7. The Executive Board shall act 
as Trustees of the G.A., and have a general 
supervision and control over the Order, 
The Board shall have power to decide ap- 
peals from the decision of the G.M.W., such 
decision of appeals to stand until the next 
session of the G.A., whose decision shall be 
final. In case of neglect of duty or viola- 



32 



33 



tion of law on the part of any officer, the 
Executive Board shall have power to remove 
such officer, subject to appeal to the next 
session of the G.A. The chairman of the 
Executive Board shall also hold the bonds of 
the G.S. andG.T. 

ARTICLE VI. 

REVENUE. 

Section 1. The revenue of the G.A. of 
***** shall be derived as follows : for 
charters to D.A., five dollars; for charters 
and A.K. to L. A.'s five dollars ; for each 
travelling, transfer, or final Card issued, 
tQii cents; in addition, all D.A.'s shall pay, 
in advance, the sum of one cent and a half 
every three months for every member on the 
books of the L.A.'s represented therein. 

Sect. 2. Should a L.A. desire to pro- 
cure new books or A.K., they can be ob- 
tained from the G.S. for two dollars per set 
of four. 

Sect. 3. Each D.A. and L.A,, upon 
sending any money to the G.S., shall imme- 
diately forward a duplicate account thereof 
to the G.M.W. 

'ARTICLE VII. 

Section I. Every D.A. and L.A. shall 
procure a seal according to the design 
adopted by the G.A., and no paper, docu- 
ment, or communication issued by such D.A. 
or L.A. shall be valid, unless it bears such 
a seal. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

RESISTANCE FUND. 

A Resistance Fund shall be formed in the 
following manner : Each L.A. shall set 
apart, in a special investment, each month, 
a sum equal to five cents each for every 
member upon the books, which fund shall 
accumulate and remain intact for the space 
of two years from January 1, 1878. 

After that time it will be held for use and 
distribution under such laws and regulations 
as the G.A. may then adopt. 



ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

This constitution can be amended or altersfl 
only at the regular session of the G.A. by 
a two-thirds vote. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS FOR G.A. AND 
D.A. OF THE * * * * * 



1. Roll Call. 

2. Reading of Minutes of Previous Meet- 
ing. 

3. Reports of Officers. 

4. Reports of Standing Committees. 

5. Reports of Special Committees. 

6. Reception of Bills and Communications. 

7. Unfinished Business. 

8. New Business. 

9. Adjournment. 



RULES OF ORDER 



GEMEAL ASSEMBLY, 



********* 



District and Local Assemblies, as far as aiplica&le, 




1. The G.M.W. shall take the chair every 
day precisely at the hour to which the G.A. 
shall have adjourned on the preceding day, 
and shall immediately call the members to 
order* 

2. The G.M.W. shall have a general 



direction of the hall, and shall have the right 
to name any member to perform the duties 
of the Chair, but such substitution shall not 
extend beyond adjournment. He shall also 
preserve order and decorum in the proceed- 
ings of the G.A. 

3. The G.M.W. shall appoint the follow- 
ing Standing Committees : — 
I. — On Credentials. 
II. — On Finance. 

III. — On Laws. 

IV. ■ — On Appeals and Grievances. 
V. — On State of the Order. 

VI. — On Secret Work. 

4:. All committees shall be appointed by 
the G.M.W. , unless it shall be otherwise 
directed by the G. A., in which case they shall 
be appointed by vote of the G.A. 

5. Members and Officers of the G.A. are 
required to be constantly in attendance upon 
the duties of their position, and leave of 
absence to such will only be granted by the 
G.M.W. 

6. Whenever a member is about to speak, 
he shall rise from his seat and respectfully 
address himself to the "G.M.W.," and the 
G.M.W. shall announce the member by the 
State from which he comes, adding his 
name; and the member then may speak. 

7. In all cases, the member who shall 
first rise and address the Chair shall speak 
first; but when two or more members shall 
rise at once the G.M.W. shall name the 
member who is first to speak. 

8. No member shall speak more than 
twice on the same question, unless by leave 
of the G.A., and he shall confine himself to 
the question under debate, and avoid person- 
alties. 

9. Any member, while discussing a ques- 
tion, may read from books, papers, or docu- 
ments, any matter pertinent to the subject 
under consideration, without asking leave. 

10. Any member may call for a state- 
ment of the question, which the G.M.W. 
may give, sitting. 

11. Any member may call for a division 
of the question, and the decision of the G. 



M.W., as to its divisibility, shall be subject 
to appeal, as in questions of order. 

12. Any member may decline to serve 
on any committee, if at the time he be a 
member of two other committees. 

13. Every member present when the 
question is put shall vote, unless the G.A. 
excuse him. A request to be excused from 
voting, or an explanation of a vote, shall not 
be in order, unless made before the G.A. 
divides, or before the call of the yeas and 
nays is commenced; and any member re- 
questing to be excused from voting, or de- 
siring to explain his vote, may make a brief 
statement of the reasons for making such re- 
quest, and the question shall then be taken 
without further debate. 

14. While the G.M.W. is putting any 
question, or addressing the G.A., no one 
shall walk across the hall, and while a mem- 
ber is speaking, no one shall pass between 
him and the Chair. No member or other 
person shall go to or remain at the Grand 
Secretary's table while the yeas and nays 
are being called or ballots counted, except- 
ing the Grand Secretary and Ms assistants. 

15. Any two members shall have the 
right to demand the yeas and nays upon any 
question before the result is announced ; but 
if objections be made, the demand shall be 
sustained by one-fifth of the members pres- 
ent; if not sustained, any member may, 
upon request, have his vote upon the ques- 
tion recorded upon the journal, and upon 
the call of the yeas and nays, the Grand 
Secretary shall call over the names alpha- 
betically. 

16. As soon as the G.A. is called to 
order, the roll shall be called and absentees 
noted ; and a quorum being present, the 
minutes of the preceding meeting shall be 
read by the Grand Secretary, and if neces- 
sary, corrected by the G.A. 

17. One-third of the members elected to 
the G.A. shall be necessary to constitute a 
quorum to do business ; and, except as pro- 
vided, a majority of those voting shall be 
sufficient to decide pending questions. 



^ 



u 



35 



18. Every motion shall be reduced to 
writing if the G.M.W. or any member shall 
desire it. 

19 . When a motion is made and seconded, 
it shall be stated by the G.M.W. ; or, being 
in writing, it shall be read audibly to the 
G.A, by the G.M.W. or Grand Secretary, 
before debate. 

20. After a motion is stated by the 
G.M.W. , or read by the Grand Secretary, it 
shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
G.A., but may be withdrawn, by leave of 
the G.A. at any time before a decision or 
amendment. 

21. All questions, whether in committee 
or G.A., except privileged questions, shall 
be put in the order in which they are made, 
except in filling blanks, the largest sum or 
number and longest time shall be first 
put. 

22. Questions shall be distinctly put in 
this form: "All in favor of the motion, 
say Aye ; " and after the affirmative vote is 
expressed, " Those of the contrary opinion, 
say No." If the G.M.W. doubt, or a division 
be called for, the G.A. shall divide ; those in 
the affirmative of the question first rising 
from their seats, and afterward those in the 
negative, and the G.M.W. shall determine 
by count, announcing the number. 

23. When a question is under debate, no 
motion shall be received but to adjourn; to 
take a recess ; to lay on the table ; for the 
previous question ; to postpone for a certain 
time; to commit; to amend; to postpone 
indefinitely; which several motions shall 
have precedence of each other in the order 
in which they are arranged. 

24. When a motion is made to commit 
to a committee of the whole, or to a standing 
committee, it shall not be in order to amend 
such motion by substituting any other com- 
mittee ; but if any other committee be sug- 
gested, the motion shall be first put upon the 
committee first named, and afterward upon 
the commitee or committees suggested, in 
the order in which they were named; but a 
motion to refer to a committee of the whole, 



to a standing committee, or to a select mm 
mittee, shall have precedence in the on In 
here named. 

25. A motion to postpone to a ccrtnin 
day, or, indefinitely, being decided, shall not 
again be allowed at the same stage of tfio 
proposition. 

26. A motion to adjourn shall always 
be in order; but being decided in the mo- 
tive, shall not again be entertained, until 
some motion, call, or order shall take place. 

27. The following questions shall be 
decided without debate, to wit : To adjourn ; 
to take a recess ; to lie on the table ; to take 
from the table ; to go into committee of the 
whole ; and all questions relating to the pri- 
ority of business. 

28. No motion or proposition upon a 
subject differing from that under considera- 
tion, shall be admitted under color of amend- 
ment. 

29. A motion to strike out and insert, 
shall be deemed divisible ; and a motion to 
strike out on a division being negatived, or 
a motion to insert being decided in the af- 
firmative, shall be equivalent to agreeing to 
the matter in that form, but shall not pre- 
clude farther amendment, provided that sub- 
stitutes for pending propositions shall, for 
the purpose of amendment, be treated as 
original propositions. 

30. A motion to reconsider a vote must 
be made by a member voting with the pre- 
vailing side ; and such motion, to be in order, 
must be made within the next .two days of 
actual session of the G.A. after such vote 
was taken, and the same shall take prece- 
dence of all other questions, except a motion 
to adjourn. 

31. The previous question shall be in 
this form: "Shall the main question now 
be put?" and until decided, shall preclude 
further debate, and all amendments and 
motions, except one motion to adjourn and 
one motion to lie on the table. All inciden- 
tal questions, or questions of order, arising 
after a motion is made for the previous 
question, and pending such motion, shall 



be decided, whether on appeal or otherwise, 
without debate. 

32. If a call for the previous question be 
not sustained, the subject under considera- 
tion shall not thereby be postponed. 

33. If any member, in speaking or other- 
wise, transgresses the rules of the G.A., the 
G.M.W. shall, or any member may, call him 
to order ; and the member called to order 
shall take his seat, if required to do so by 
the G.M.W., until the question of order is 
decided. 

34. All questions of orc)er shall be de- 
cided by the G.M.W. without debate; such 
decision shall be subject to an appeal to the 
G.A. by any two members, on which appeal 
no member shall speak more than once, un- 
less by leave of the G.A., except the party 
appealing, who may speak twice, and the G. 
M.W., may speak in preference to other 
members. 

35. If the decision be in favor of the 
member called to order, he shall be at lib- 
erty to proceed ; if otherwise, he shall not be 
permitted to proceed, in case any member 
object, withotitneave of the G.A. 

36. If a member call another to order for 
words spoken in debate, he shall, if required 
by the G.M.W., reduce to writing the lan^ 
guage used by the member which he deemed 
out of order. 

37. All reports of committees shall be 
signed by such members thereof as concur 
therein ; and the report, with the names of 
the member or members signing the same, 
shall be read by the Grand Secretary, or at the 
Grand Secretary's desk, by the member 
making the report without a motion. 

38. No committee shall sit during the 
daily sessions of the G.A. unless by special 
leave- 

39. These rules shall not be altered, ex- 
cept after at least one day's notice of the 
intended alteration, and then only by a vote 
of a majority of all the members of the G.A., 
and no rule shall be suspended except by a 
vote of at least two-thirds of those present. 

40. Cushing's Manual and Law of Leg- 



islative Assemblies shall be received as a 
rule in all cases not provided for in the 
foregoing rules. 



CONSTITUTION 

FOB 

DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES 

OF 
********* 



ARTICLE I. 

Section 1. This body shall be known as 

D.A. No. and shall be composed of duly 

accredited representatives from at least five 
L.A.'s. 

Sect. 2. This D.A. has full jurisdiction, 
and is the highest tribunal of the ***** 
within its district. This D.A. shall have 
power to decide all appeals and settle all 
controversies within or between L.A.'s, 
assess taxes for its maintenance, and provide 
such other legislation as may be deemed 
necessary for the good and welfare of the 
rder. 

ARTICLE II. 

Section 1. This D.A. shall hold regular 
meetings at such time and place as may be 
prescribed by the by-laws. Special meet- 
ings shall also be provided for in the by- 
laws. 

Sect. 2. Every L.A. composed of one 
hundred members or less, shall be entitled 
to one representative, and an additional rep- 
resentative for every additional hundred 
members, or greater fractional part thereof. 
This section shall not apply to D.A.'s hav- 
ing a membership of less than ten L.A.'s. 

ARTICLE III. 

OFFICERS, AND TEEM OF OFFICE. 

Section 1. The officers of this D.A., 
their manner of election, and their duties, 



88 



tlve terms, its charter will be forfeited, and 
it will be the duty of its officers to turn oyer 
all moneys and other property of the A to 
the M.W. of the D.A., or to a member ap- 
pointed by him for the purpose of taking 
charge of such property. 

Sect. 2. Ail moneys shall be sent by 
draft, express, registered-letters, or money- 
order, and the cost of sending shall be de- 
frayed by the body sending the same. 

ARTICLE V. 

CHARGES AND PENALTIES. 

Section 1. A member who has been 
proved guilty of conduct unbecoming a 



of 
member of the * * 



conduct 

* * * shall be fined, 



suspended, or expelled, as the A. maydefc 
mine. 

Sect. 2. It shall require a two-thirds vol, 
to expel or suspend a member, and a membejB 
so suspended or expelled, may be reinstall! 
by two-thirds vote of the A. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Section 1. Amendments to this constitu- 
tion can be made only at the regular annual 
session of the G.A. by a two-thirds vote. 

Sect. 2. This A. shall have full power 
to adopt such by-laws or rules as may be 
deemed necessary, provided they are not in 
conflict with this constitution or the consti- 
tution for D.A., or the constitution for the 
G.A. of ***** 






IIsTDEX 



A.D. 

Use of, optional with D. A 23 

B. 

Ballot. 

For place of holding next Session.. 19 

For Officers of General Assembly, 20, 21, 22, 24 

Beaumont, Ralph. 

Committee on Credentials 3 

Credentials of, reported "upon 4 

Committee on Constitution . 8 

Motions by 15, 16, 18,22,23 

Chairman Committee of the Whole 18 

Offered Amendment to Constitution 18 

Voted for 21, 22 

Elected Grand Worthy Foreman. 22 

Installed Grand Worthy Foreman 24 

Bonds. 

Of Gr.S.,aud G.T., concerning 24 

Booker, L. f. 

Concerning Charter Fees paid to 23 

Bowers, Wm. W. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Committee on Hall 15 

Boyle, George S. 

Admitted , 6 

Motions by 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 21, 22 

. Committee on Const! tution 8 

Question of Privilege raised by 10 

Byrne, John L. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Burgess, John. 

Admitted 6 

Burtoft, Edmund. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Committee on Ritual 8 

Motions by 14, 24 

C. 

Charter Fees. 

Fixed for existing Local Assemblies 23 

Certain existing Local Assemblies exempt 

from .. , 23 

Chisholm, John B. 

Committee on Credentials 3 

" " Ritual 8 

" to find Langdon 16 

" on Duties of Officers 17 



Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Motions by 9,11, 12,14, 15 

Appeal by, from M.W.'s decision 11 

Chosen M. W. 17 

Explanation of Vote by 20 

Invited to install Officers 24 

Vote of Thanks to 24 

Christ, Jacob. 

Admitted 6 

Committees. 

On Credentials, appointed 3 

*' " reported 4 

" Langdon, appointed 5 

* ' " reported 6 

" Order of Business and Permanent Or- 
ganization, appointed 6 

" Order of Business and Permanent Or- 
ganization, reported. 7 

" Constitution, appointed 8 

'* " reported 15 

" Ritual, appointed 8 

* j " reported 14 

" Secret Work, appointed.. 8 

Of the Whole 9, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18 

" reported.... 9,12,15,17,18 

On Resistance Fund, appointed 9 

" reported 11,13 

" " " report recommitted to 12 

" " " " partially adop'd 14 
*' " " " referred to 

Committee on Constitution 14 

" Hall for Evening Session, appointed.. . 15 

** " " " reported 15 

** Representation, appointed ... . 15 

'■■ " reported 16 

" Finance, appointed 15 

" " reported 16 

To find Langdon, appointed 16 

" " reported. 17 

" Define Duties of Officers, appointed... 17 

" " " " reported.... 18 
Constitutions. 

Reported from Committee of the Whole . . 18 

Adopted 18 

In full 28 

Crowne, Thomas P. 

Admitted - 5 

Motions by 9, 11, 15, 20, 21, 22, 24 






10 



Committee on L'.csjiitunro ir U nd... 

Voted for 

Elected to Executive BoarT.7.".!! 
Delegated to install the G.M.W.. 



Decisions of M.W. 

On motion, sustained .. 
" name of the Order. , 
Diehl, Henry J. 

Appointed I. E , 

Appropriation for 

Delegates. 

Addresses of. 



10 
21 
23 
2d 



24 



26 



King, Thomas. 

Convention called to order by a 

Credentials of, reported upon, ..,..'.. .'.".'." 4 

Committee on Constitution g 

" Ilall '"" 

Motion by 

Voted for 



23 



1/5 
10 
22 



li. 



5, 9, 10, 



Busmen, etc 



G. 

Gallagher Hugh. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

GALLAGHER, THOMAS M. 

Credentials of, reported u\ 
Committee on Order of K 
Chosen V.8, 

Voted for 

E 1 e ete tl Q ra 1 1 d Treasurer. 
Installed '« «< 

Geary, Patrick. 
Credentials of, 
Motions by... 
Committee to examine Langdon 

on Finance 

" Representation... 
Teller of Election 



4 
(3 

8 
21 

22 
24 



Lamond, Samuel. 

Credentials of, reported upon, . 

Motions by 

Committee to examine Langdon 
" " find «< 

Granted leave of Absence 

Voted for ttrt 

Laning, John G. 

Committee on Credentials 3 

' ' Resistance Fund 10 

" Finance 15 

Ored entials of, reported upon 4 



Motions by- 



reported upon. 



, 10, 25 

5 

-. 15 

.. 15 



General Assembly. 



....19, 20 



Constitution of, adopted 1S 

Next Session of at St. Louis, Mo '. ." ." ." . . .' .* .' .' 19 

Salaries of Officers of fixed " " * 20 

Election of Officers of .* 20*" 

Addresses «« 



il» 22, 23 
.... 27 



Installation » 

Seal of left to G.M.W. and Q-B.*...... ..... 25 

Adjourned sine die ., '.' " 2g 

Delegates " * 

Gibson, John A. * * " 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Chosen W.I 

Fleeted to Executive Board 






H. 



•' 3,20,23 

Explanation of Vote by 2(1 

Voted for " * " 

Elected Grand Assistant Secretary.*.* ..... 22 
Installed " " ( < 

Langdon, John. 

Committee app ointed to examine. ......... 5 

Adverse report upon " * 6 

Granted hearing. 

Asked extension of time of hearing 

Hearing given [ 

Explanation made by 

Motion to admit ruled out of order. ....... 

Telegrams concerning 

Admitted 

Apparent treachery of, reported. . .' * ." .* ." .* ■ * 

Committee appointed to find * . * 

" " report of. 

Instructions to Secretary concerning. ..... 

A. at Youngstown requested to expel.., 24 

Larkins, Matthias. 



6 
6 
11 
11 
11 
13 
13 
16 
16 
17 
17 



Credentials of, reported upon.. 
Committee on Finance 



4 
15 



Hamilton, James A. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Chosen W.F 

Committee on Ritual g 

" Finance 

Chairman Committee of the Whole.., 

Motion by 

Voted for " 

Elected to Executive Board .... 



....15 

.9, 12, 15 
.... 16 

. 21, 22 

.V. . 23 



to define Duties of Officers. 17 

LlTCIIMAN, CHAS. H. 

Chosen Temporary Secretary 3 

Credentials of, reported upon . . 3 

Motions b y 5. 8, 14, 16, 18, 20, 2l" 23*, 14 9 5 

Chosen R.S ' - 

Committee on Representation ...... 15 

to define Duties of Officers 17 

of the Whole, Chairman of. 18 

Elected Grand Secretary 

Installed " «« 

Delegated to install the G.M.W 

Logan, Matthew. 

Telegram from ; , _, 



21 

24 
24 



. 



41 



McCoy, Chas. S. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Motion by ..... . 24 

McLaughlin, Harry. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Committee on Resistance Fund 10 

Motion by 18 

McMahon, Michael J. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Motions by 6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 19, 23 

Committee on Ritual 3 

Voted for 21, 23 

Mulligan, Michael. 

Admitted to a Seat 10 

w. 

Name of Order. 

Motion to keep secret 13 

" " make public defeated 20 

O. 

Officers. 

Names and Addresses 27 

Entitled to Seat and Voice 23 

Order, Name of. 

Motion to keep secret ruled out as inop- 
portune 13 

Motion to make public defeated 20 

Order of Business. 

Reported and adopted 7 

Organization. 

Officers for permanent 7 

Organizers. 

Resolution concerning , . . . . 19 

Section concerning 19 

P. 

POWDERLY, TERRANCE V. 

Credentials of, reported upon 3 

Motions by 5 14 24 

Committee on Constitution 8 

of the Whole, Secretary of ... . 18 

Appointed Judge of Elections 19, 20 

Explanation of vote by 20 

Voted for 20, 21, 22, 23 

Printing. 

Of proceedings ordered 23 

Concerning. 23 

Proceedings. 

Printing of, ordered 23 

K. 

Reiff, George E. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Motions by 7^ 13( 16i 2 2 

Committee on Resistance Fund 10 

"Hall ..; 15 



Committee on Hall, report from 15 

" to find Langdon 16 

" " report from .. . 17 

Teller of Elections 19, 20 

Resistance Fund, 

Action upon 12 14 



Saint Louis, Mo. 

Next Session at 20 

Salaries. 

Of Officers of G.A.. 2 

Seals. 

Section ordered concerning 23 

Designs for 24 

G.M.W's and G.A's, left to G.M.W. and 
CKS 25 

Secret Sessions.. 14, 18, 19 

Schilling, Robert. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Motions by . . .3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 

21, 23 

Declined official position 8 

Committee on Constitution 13 

Question of privilege by 13 

Voted for 20, 22 

Steen, Robert A. 

Committee on Order of Business, etc 6 

Representation 15 

Records corrected in relation to 11 

Motions by 12, 15, 17. 

Elected to Executive Board 23 

Stephens, Uriah S. 

Chosen temporary Chairman 3 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Chosen M. W 8 

Added to Committee on Ritual 8 

, Decision of, sustained n 

Resignation of, as M.W 17 

Vote of Thanks to , 17 

Elected Grand Master Workman. 20 

Telegram ordered sent to * 21 

Installation f, provided for 24 



T. 

Thomas, Joshua R. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Motions by 5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 14,19,21,23 

Committee on Order of Business, etc 6 

" Ritual g 

- " Representation '. 15 

Todd, Robert. 

Credentials of, reported upon 4 

Voted for 22 

Motion by ^3 

Turner, Frederick. 

Information requested from 5 

Admitted as a Visitor k 



42 



V. 

Van Horn, Wm. L. 

Credentials of, reported upon .*. 4 

Concerning Credentials of. 5 

Committee on Order of Business, etc 6 

Finance 15 

Motions by 15j l6> 18> 19 

Elected to Executive Board 23 

Visitors. 

Admission of, from District Assemblies . . 7 

Vote. 

Yea and nay, on name of the Order being 

public... 20 

Fixing Salaries of Officers 20 

Votes of Thanks. 

To TJ. S. Stephens. 1T 

" Members of Order in Reading 24 

" Rep. Chisholm , , 24 



To Grand Secretary 24 

" Various Speakers 24 

W. 

Welch, Morris C. 

Records corrected in relation to n 

Williams, Richard. 

Admitted g 

Committee on Order of Business, etc 6 

Resistance Fund 10 

" Representation 15 

Presented Report of Committee 11 

Motions by 2 

Voted for 2 



Youngstown, Ohio. 

Assembly at, requested to expel Langdou.