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Full text of "Ruthenberg, Communist fighter and leader"

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ILL Nymber: S7701233 

MMilliiiii 

Borrewer: Til 

LcndlnS String: *EEM.NDO.DRB.EYM.EYM 
Partron: ¥/i1ght. Jonathan 

Volume: Ismm , ^ 

Monthffew: Pages: 1S PAGES +e€3yc.|C 

Article Author: Lovestons. Jay= 

Artlcl® Title: Ruthenber§. Comnrtunlst fighter and 
leader / 



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Rocoivo Onto: 9/24/2009 01:47:48 PM 
Call#: HX84.R8 L6 1927 

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RUTHENBERG 

ih JAY nivt'sraKi 




Qiiotrttiofi'' ! uHii J ik Specthr'. Aiid WritiiigH On 

WAR $c 

WORKIHS i.ll5RAin in ilii.lSI ll.l'S 
i'l l-.List iJith St. :: r\(-v. "it,!!: <.Uy 



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\j««Bt ,&■■;» sjieafc; of' At :rofa:;rf 
.-gJlc'M^TtK IJntJtti'' States;,., vtolhei*^^^ 

: an4 Ae"- leader :■ of the- .CetniotiHtat ;-::l%rt|;^jffc, i«;3rft#if f^iliife^^ 
, .periaiist -caMHitrfV: y.y-.l':.^,:-^:' "■■;i'':''!?ff'-:^-;v-4--V''"-;;-^^r '^ 

ir Sirtliraicri: was inaftteBi* la^tfe-teaeiieaMfc'-- lS|fa 
and' , (feeds are synonpnovis:- waii::iili:'-:ffai/:fle:vc4^ 

.■tiinting mi doing diira*ii|i!9Ut'':::tl«i*wifli:.: ;Thi|t '^l^ »lf i:;; litto 

'lierg:;«'as flw most :fesirtyi^in4;:|iSwcll;«}HBii«iifc!t^in ■■■■^'5;;>';:r:;:';,'''^ ■;:■;:: I 

■;'.;:■ ■■.'■tenin: once wret:c:r''inw'ti}ii»iiiHS*«:«f'-Aji»ttea^-^^^ 

■■•liiirif : : prisoH. tcTins »■ wfciefc'- tlie: tonilioi^ifcv. spaftnc* : ll»».:lftr;^;eoai|> •:;■:■ :;;::;;^ | 

:-:iBtm:ist" .sgif atiBii and frftpaisrfa, --whalj :capllplfct';-|e*i8fiii6:!|: ^«ill|;;i:;"£'\;>:Q/3 

iMcams. ■;■ TilKf, are t:cirijiig-;tlie:Jf|i«fei ■#o«i; «"-aiM-'aii-|!-ispOiin|ril;:*8;;;;:s,:^ 
■■■«:■ ::ii:Kii«t of ■■««»■£ kiiifgs ;airf::s|iecaliiits»fft ;iiiilHl:-'«ltftl8iiljj^^^ 

;m'il:sses;''''- • Tnii¥,v fliO:,o«ierspBl»lMK 

:-:dJaii;:JiutheBilerg dii,; ,Hir;wat*l:in8':oitaii,..spolef:Lo;f::i*;*^^^^^^ 
; fcsfecl arian in. AiMierica. . •Oj': .■;■;..:,■■;;"■■.■■ ■■■,■,■■->•;:.■■ '-'V:^' ^■^■■:v--^.:-'''"-: ■■Ry'-vB'il 

■;. ■-. •■ ■'■Wliat ^ m-Aki'M Eathenfcrii; :ap««iilwliixi»irf '"ii^rer of ::if*iftB»4«tol ^'^' .-;:■? ■:j'-":l? 
■■::imt>o;rt3Bre is ■not' irtweij ■' lit:»;::tis«efflJoySi:'-ihiililJes>: a*', slwwt.- Ib:': !«i'-y;^;';; :■:::/;'■,■■ -;F"5 
■■sfiFvSce-iit.tlie'class wafvagsiiosi itltevAiiaeiricBn .capitaltet^el^^^^ 

■'a,cti¥ltifis;-vRM4enberg alwayS^eAjiliarfactlktlte-'Mr*! 

:: .tJie'fliiiljf 'revolutionary I.ewfcip.-:;af /■tIie>'woftfBg;cla!is«.r ;-;;;, '-.■■■^^■y.^-' 't"'?'-}'^-'-.- '";■ ^■■■■. k-^' ■■■;■■'■:,! 

;\ ;-';.: ■■■CSaracKristiic'of lMs\:fiy(itMg;isiy»,1i^liirsta»^^ 

. ■ :tliie::'!Sf:m "YoA- court senteaciBg' liifti- ■ w^tmrtt.rtmv' M '■iM-:^ y fci'rr jn;- ' ; ■:;::..,■, ^-S-Bi 

:-''-SirigrSinf : ■'Prison : "I -hive jaieiielf '.lliii .'to^/saf^ lor-Bipdip^lIrliitt-lilw^ 

; Jlie;i>asfe;li.eli'ccrtaini ideals :lflt;f«-:reoirfiiaiatf if r:#i^«^ 



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RrTHEJS^'BERCi-CCliMMU'MlST FKIHTER ANDXWDRR *S 

a loot was to«'arAs «eleruring Aw IwiMfag ml lie Wi»Atm i€ma' 
mmnlm) P'artj" oi America. 

Whm hare liwtn Ruilieiilwrgs mmib (lontritariem iro tlw .Anwi- 
can labor mftveTnenl ? One: Hir wis the firsr «a« in^Aie ifariow* 
Itff »*ini morf:ni«Hs so malmt the value el cirg«niK«to, IttA- . 
cnbefg always nmpliasiifdl nrR-anwariun in a 'Oaiicretir, p«»ti%'e msui- 
iier. Two:' His Iwrok lipht against Ae impwiilist war. ^ Hwre 
R«fliciiljcrg was a trail blaacr for the Amprican a-urtlQl Ass in 
a tfue Leninisi sehsc. Third : He knew i«ow lo link «pi tie smal!t«i, 
iinmcdiate, m<at nrkmciitary everyday iieetts ol the iiwrleis vith 
ih.e biggest, inosi fuinlame,ntal antl Tertil«tionBry »l»|«li¥W. ol the 
m-iWIe, proletarian s*riigple. Fourth: He was the Iraiiliiig " fouinfrr 
of die CwmmwHist P'art)' in the Unitrct StaRs; 

fcUTIliENHERe—TIIIS 0»GANI?,8R 

Ruthcnberg wns an, ioi-fai)ii';cr fifir rxtellemtr. lmmcJiiitfl|' after 
he joined the S«ii(ilist Party in ri)9, hr ii»inwt r«|»o«sJMie -of- 
gam'ation work in the Cle\-i?IanJ oreawiKstioif as iwOirJing men- 
rarj oif the City Ceiirral Comniitlci'. The ClrFrlBml orpniKadnft 
in "t'lie fonner Socialiislt P'arrw sjmAoligsd srrn>irfh., swbilifs',^ jmhI 
liiass infiucncf; R^uilwrikre was inirk aaj iMv lo Mtilif.B the Iwiil 
isssR's for the iMirimsc of biiiMirig a, Citn-c'hiiMl section of the untiniKil 
moveincnt. 

It did nm take long for MurhnAerK' fo !b««niic iml'iinnfiliy-liiciwii ■ 
SIS- an oreanizcr, 'buikjer ami an oulstBiHling Incal pnMtical leailrr. 
From 1909 to, 19.12 be sfrv«l as recoTJing srcrrlary of line CliirvB- 
ImicI Central CoiiMHitlfc of the Socialist Fany,. Jn l*^IW he \vm 
Soeialisr candidlate Uw Sratr TrMssurer ol Ohio; in I*-!'!!, ciimli- 
date for Mnfm of Clcveiaiicl; in Wl2j for Ciovcrnnr of Ohio, !ii 
191.1 Rutli'mlberg became tk; Secretary aihl Ciiy ( )rg,iiiiiwir ol tile 
Cleveland orgaiii/.afion ; Iw %vaj also candidafe for ll,n«t«l Siiti;?* 
Senator of O'hio' diiring' the same year; in 1915, caniilijate for 
Mayor; in 1916,- candidate for Congress; iii 1917, agiiln candiiitlfitc 
f5r Mayor. In the last eampnign Riitheiilierg ran eupcciaJIy -on- a- 
platfoxm of opposition to the imperialist war, wliile lie was appeiil- 
ing against his coirvicfion for «i«i-war acrivities, and reci-iVed 
27,000' out of a total of 100,000 votes cast in C!r¥elaiicl„ In t91i 



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Mjre^r -of ■ CIcvetanrf:- . ■■.■■■■.■■:■■..,.■ .. '. .. ■■*:*.■ .■■■-»■■. * ■■■■■ 

"'^ ■■■ 'lite Ck^elaqd ■'<:%■ Orgaiife^ tls<-.&oa«b«t. Farty,. ■ wiii^r ..;■ 

'^i the nattooal iticmfe«rshi|> of the S«iaiiM P^xty t^f. 
■■■■ ■■■■it/'was-Rwthenberg whot«^«s.-pf%»»%-.^ maiii«ig- ■ 

■tlie-teff- wmg.-i»-^tiie- "Socialist- Parts'- Mti^ially v«gsi«i^ti«f^^«.^ ■ 
^Jo.is, .^Th.Te-were -p.any -who- .^^r*.' rfw.. pi^aiidip. t^r th^ 
thm left -wing socialism, but:a few, .ira«r w ■ i*>W, r^li^erf siifli>. ... 
c*er,tly:-.tfe. iiee4.o-f:-crystall.ii^ing ; a ;-«efmit€- left . w«ig OTgamg^iitw . 
an a fiationai scale, . , 

Willie still facing 3 framed-up charge oi a^rcci^^jry «> mtir*irr. 
growing out of clashes with the police in vmm aiiti-w^r iltmmx^ 
^rrations. Riithcnberg assumed the arduous tasfc ol ttrsi secretary oi 
the CommunHt Partv of Aniciics, Under estmiii^ly dilficwit cwi^ 
Virions he was hifmJng a spirit of drive atut energy into the newl>- 

born oi-gfiniication. _ . 

Iminwliately after his rdeasc trom fcsing Smg Prison on thr re- 
versal of the decision of conviction by the lower court by the Nev^- 
York Sta ft? Court of AppMs, Ruthenberg became the second nav 
tional secretary of the Workers* Party in 1922. Under his dir*?c» 
tion, the Workers' Party immediatdy tnadc great progress in ttfi 
membership rise and polidcal influence, lo the party nmnbership 
Ruthenberg appeared very clearly as the pmty huHtler, In every 
campaign of the party he was the dynamic force lending push, plan 
find inomcnturn to tt with his unbounded energy Jind inspiration 
The dcivef or the Labor Fartyj the cawpaign to root the pnrty in 
the trudc unionsj the efforts to win the Negro masses for th« Work- 
ers (Conimunist) Party, the first attempts to secure a firm foothold 
anionic the Exploited Jignculturid masses. wt?rc alt marked by Ruth- 
ijnberg'slfjtrlUgeacc and industry. 

It is easily niidcrstandabie fhcrr why the. last words of Ruthen- 
berg were **Build tlir Party." As far back as 1912, in his first years 
pyon in the Socialist Party, when m an HtniTOphere of social-demo- 
crritic has^inei?s aiid confn?5ioin Ruthcnbcrg had a remarfcably clear 
appreciation of the role of a revolutionary socialist party. For in- 
>5t^ilcey iii speaM^ of Mayor Papc, elected as Social- 

iist ly^aiyor of I;>dr?dn, CXhio, Rnihcnhcrg said : 






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'A SocUlia uiricsjl, nh\\ ,«iii.-rtiti!ie tliv- ii>«iin(iJS«i<ii rim .Jificc 
rtlu-ti. ■Hilt: g,fUmg into t»!Jicr tu aiI k.i jfc\-»ir J-«!tr<; '« »»h Ar 
»ii»hr-.ul sSu- <«{Jj,5Uj£j!uiti! »hi<*'h tiuvicd him, Itm-wtiii-- j mmiwi ii« 
ihif pAcli 'hit jnlrilfjieJ biinT^ell «« --usuwri jlhJ U j "hmh iilm •ImhiW 
tie idiJla'liiiii'nl m tin nf^nt esKK t»i!c tni! ihiwe rq»H"iic»t.«'no »4 

hu> .M imliviiluj!, ii tjtitsui ¥v,\ ibt SucijIm f'jm." 

HUTIIf Xi!S Rt; — THi tNi:xi1' t*l IMI-t «IUl-l,>1 M va 
Front a Lriitsii-it \ ii'miiMiiiit, tlit Nt. Lnjui^ Anti-Wjr lti>4>ll«cioii 
ut llhe Socialist Pari). a»lu|Jleil isuiuuiuilelv ui»n Ainei'iii\i's rii- 
rraiicc irtto rite war, >;»ii!«"i'i'ii ticmi num wriutis Jiu-nc«mui};^. hit! 
lit was .1 bjnJniru-i «l flu- iiitfiisr <JH)HHiB.!litm to tht im|iirrij|isl war 
nil t'lir part «( tlie nre;H iivissr* <it tlir niiik ,iiul lilt at (Ihr SutUilii.1 
J'art)-. RuthriibiTii w:-.--: tin- pniiie luotcr in tbr lormisljtiun Jinil 
:i«lo|itiiL>ii of dU dull ira^ riHolutioiiart in tlir St. Lomi^ AiiH-Wnn 
plathirm. It n\i\ lir ivhu >.ymlxili/eil liir icttilc «it tlie pr«i|irt!(riiiii 
elements ni thr S<K"ijii-vt Furty .t|i.iiiiil tlii" jsro-l Jt riiMHi'nm uf llrrijrr, 
the social-pacifkii! mi Hilliniit .'iinl the »iR-ial-c'h:iii\iiii!.in nl flir 
Ji|>:irgo». Rusai'lls. \\'.illing'., ami oiIh-in, lis> lil^t iiiH|iiri>.uiiinir'nt in 
till- j:iiil at C.tntiiii. Ohio, ^^■,i^ lor fifihuii|; thr JixurnMlist wur iiinI 
thi- !iiea>ure> t;ikfii bj the ;\iiin>iic,iu nihitK tl.'i.w to 4ri\r .-Imrrifa 
iiifm the Wiu. .\i tbv nrx oiit-ct, Rulhi'iibcij^ timlfir^liBisi thr ilii 
|ieria'i>.t clKirnitii fjt ilic !,i>t «'«r. Xm iliii^imis ;iliii!il ult'mon-riicy 
HI "iJiTiiiaiJ Ksilti^r" ciippn"»ftl him. Ri«llifnl)i'in ilerl.uTd ; 

■'Thi» 1^ !!<il a njr loi Irmliim. ll ii iioi ,i w.<( liii tht piiii- 
.-iplei 111 iiimikiml. ll in u « jt 1<> >.etiiiir llir mi f-jtiiintt-. timl 

'' rh(* i>v^} rfrisisis ^^^ a^r in ihi'* \siii mm \-^ lips jsi'^p u i^ m 
ihf iiitere*!* nt ihf ruluiK rl:i-,v. ihr ijjjii|ali»( rl.i» iil thi". muu- 
ir), to liavr h>- in ihr wai." 

Rl THI \'BmG — ^rill. 1.1 VIXIST 

-Not uiil) ill Ills opiMiMiioii loi thf i»i|wnrili\i iviir tliil Hutlwiibcri! 
ilcvflop thr full Lt-niiiiisr line but aUo in his attitude ami priiicliiT in 
the tiaily struggk^ ot the working inasM'.s. He \v;is ;i ri-iilist in the 
.\I;ir.\ist-l.€niiHst sciiw of the word. The boiii'KWji.'iif wsitf clriviiiiK 
tint iiijsses into the im|M-rhili«.t: war. Rutht'iibi-j-g leplii-d; "Down 
^vitli the Iinpt-i wh'.t War." 

Thf re ua'^ an t-lcilion campaign iii Cievclancl. liiltheiib«rg .naid 



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RUTHBNBBR<5^CC>^*^**'^'*^'^ 



FiCHTEK ANi^ IJ^ADER 



. "\f-.V*» this election €Qunt in yxntr light,'' Riithciv 

? ^^.TlnUfcr fron> parlimnentary Mu^,^ He w.« ™t , 

berg drd not suiter jrvjAi i , 

victim of paHiamcntary crctiinsm. In AprJ, 191™, oe sii.<., 

^•W. ar^ not In the btmnes^ of el<^dng m^yar.- I i«< <I^^m.n ..t 

Tr :.nv Other partv official I* m^fcl> ar, tiMiaem .r. <Mii 

tX H rcgUmrche increase In cn.r .tro.^h .m-t dKU i. 

about alL" 

By 1920 Ruthenbcrg's estimate oi tbe oilidal Sociali^ Paiiy 
theory of capturing power by the ballot wn. rh..: 1 he boc,.ah.t 
fCv cinphii^cs the participation In election, nn.l the Section m 
certain of iciak. It had become more or ic.. a votc^* ttuig nwhm. 
to 4cct certain persons to public ofhcc r.«h« rban a,> organ.. au^r. 
vhich sought to bring about a fundanK^nt.l chanj^e of th.^ sm^.al 



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— ^Whik acting as organfect in aevelaiid, the striigi:le of the 
ijeachcrs for the right to otganize, the fight of the street car worfcers 
for «n increase m wages, the battle for better hoysii^ and Imng 
conditions, better educational opporttiiii tics lor the ^<^*»»dmn mn^ 
juoied Rwthenberg's attciition as effective means of bmlduig the 
Socialist Party His Xeninist vicwpoiiit on the ujimediatc strug- 
gles are thus clearly stated : ^'the policy of the Coinmunist Puny 
I to associate melf with the workers in the everyday struggles. %lm 
commomsts fight with wage workers and farmers in support of the 
deiiiands which they make on the capitalists because it is m these 
^truceles that the workers leans the character of the capitalist sys- 
tem, and there is developed a will to power of the workers, the de 
tcrminatipo to triumph over the enemy who cxploiti ajid oppressed 

theiTi* ■■. ■ 

■ ::**The- everyday ■.str-Mggk'« of . the worbcf^ create (he most: faT«r- 
Whle condition for establlshhig the inf lyence and leadership of the 
edm^vriist Party* The workers learn by ihdr mptrimm tb« 
dbaracter of the capitalist s^^ They learn by their experience 

in the struggle tbst the government of the capitalist system U- 
jtierely an instrMmeot of the capitalists for rnaintaining the system 
of ^ploiiatmn. , , . While aghting ^ith the workers to realta:c 
tbmrtromediate demands against the capitalis^^^^ it is the part of 
the cbmmumststo point out to them, at every stage of tbe develop- 
ment of the struggle, that these immediate demands cannot solve 
thBir jproMem. It is in the process of struggle that the rcvolution- 



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aif will of iiwf ««'ia»&«s JriT'Ctei!!* awil rtiKiugh ihr^e swuggte 
ihfi- are l*aidiiig. ?-»»p hv <ac|», «*! rh? tmral «rr«sgs,!e nl «li>f 'pw- 
teariaji revolulion . . .'' 






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:;;ili;l||; :;Seci»Iist ■:ft;il}s,^ 

;;*';:feliiidtt:«i;tte ■AiHiettcaif'CiJBiaiiiBiBt ■ "■■■• :_ ■ v:;;:;--:\:y-;;^;:;;K;:; 

:;:Smm'. ^m "'drnm "Am-^Sffcsi mmiusmm .'itmii tlii-' esptriiittcfi 'lit; fill 
:.'?HliiBrJi/cia.s8: iunjfifrtRe jwi* l-fof ^Ae-; pnrpess.:»f 'siplfftii ;tliin^;;!i;':- 
; :iif ;='ew#!|e ■Visituationi::; M : lie" ;dlassk -stf Migjls'- jIIh; ■ ;ii*: .:liiniltiii4 ''€«««,!; 
Ipiileflfei-g^tlii :a6titesa«ti:' to:- IrtiaSt, ileiMtajf -wlti tiy;:ffRpottMiiitit::^ 

;:;:S:|.;;;:l|t|i|«ij|ietgi;-f« 
^:Mrorl;;:for;;a:nialgamatlon: ■bi. tlifi-^ 

:tGi|BftWMSt^;fa^ 

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r rauntrf" were "Ac firet steps|fa#iirJs::t% 
- ■ Iters' gmemmtat and Ac Cef pBnii;»tef«f'i:; 

"It is because, alfei tli«LliS-^8t«p«- '&;:*«; *mfc*;St*e«s In • ttte ' ;■ ' ; 
form of the mgmhntim oCi^*s*W-Paity;an€l:Ae;ar»i.i^ 
of the m4e unions, Aers :wf|l- -gflli ^*«iiaifr»*:;-gr»«::lraA^^^^ : 

- Awe m»« be 3 CmammimMmf^a^'^wmntc^m^a^msmiia---' j 
lioo-whkh will liave in its; saofciSftfefeest^etaatedi, Jlwi^^^^^ ;,.■■■ 
and most militant workers,■J«#;;A«^<*e^:iS?o:^fce^•»a^ 
"The role iirf this party ismM:m'it^bMVmS!m,rat'^e^b0tMaa- ^^.^:.■ 
■ms the workinig-class hmmr&i^asMmMwkem-ma./Mmei ; : 

■ ■ ward against ifce eiietnj in;;fl}sitfi-*J|:a!l^ip'?rs«u«0;nf,mspfeof^ ;:" 

efforts of ihe capitaiisti ^i»:*istroy;;ii,:;,aBtift.tfc^^^ 

«||:f :ii||i|;:g|||||^^ ftl" ■■'class; ."wa* ; was, siifliouwlcd. ■ ^ ■ .Some 



tri:alH'«-:J923'':wete .■the,,ijredpitatiiiiig force 
'■'"■="**---"^'-'''';:vg£i|jg^^ '©>««";; Was/ ;:tOy;PS^ ■■ ■! u4gBiBitt . ijipon. 




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"■■■■ mi::m^mB':fmM2immsfa -p.-i.: 



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RrTHF.XBERl-i— fWMMrSIST FIIIHTER ANIH LBAnUR » 

in At si|uaIor anul niis*ry of she Iciifmaifs in w'fsk'h miliiwis t\ht, 
ill lie diseases resoliing Imm povtrty whirls j early rake the Im"!; 
nf thousands,, with its coiise*|uent suiicring tor dw onfwplaiwl iinil 
tlwiiT families, in the general insecurity of rfec li^'i-s ini thmt subject 
to Ac 'whiiris oi the ii«iil«>trial masjers., wtw tiiaw mm m-liether an 
the morrow their means ol li^elihmkl may nnl h« ^m\t, am t!«r 
bjr-praducts of the ipri%-atc ow-iwrship oi iinilMstry aiiJ proiif.making 
tliTOiigli thr espl«>itatio» of the worktrs." 

fn l'9'll anJ 1912, while the M»cialirf rtificial Is-ailerAip WM 
driving IwailliMig to the riglit. Ruihirnberji cnipliaaacJ Leninist 
faith ill the massrs wliith was h wr!c«mr rfvokili«iiarv' aiiti.lotr. 
'"Tlie rank aiifl file an- nut ^Hibjcct to ihe liifliR-iicc wliich rapiwli'^im 
can bring to bear. Tlii'V arr the viciiiiu u! capitalism. Thrr s«iti-r 
firmm capitalist iiictitHiions. Tlm-y caii be ilp|wiuieJ hi|,wh t'o ffmsin 
ail, iincomnproinisiiig opiwsitioii to csipiialism Hiidl line <urgaiiii'.iiriwi 
which they arc hiiili!ing up will Iwvr actmirt'il liir stnnigtli B» trai'is- 
form existing social insiilwtions into a new siHL'ifil orBiini/.arioii whkh 
%d!l realize the aim of socialism." 

'•We M>fiaili-(» have faiiii in llic mftrkiinB cla-.n. Wc lielitve ih'f 
w'orfcers have a«lvuii«dl ifio fjr .-Mul are imt subject w tiulutHrial 
slaverr anil ilierelorp arr ortiifiilciu lh.il tht\ Mill a«ert tl>ri( 
pi}%veT W briiij! inlo (siBienfe the »nlj alu-rnmh'r %a v;»pi«»li« 
deSipioUMis. - ■ ■ .'ll'I'e «<irl.iiiK rl«»^ l<:i» ihf |i»n-ci- »ml (« «nf M'-fll 
niuM e«wl>lis.h HX-i.iilKin." 

Rutlwiiberg w;is horn irt a time (July 9. I8S1,|, wlini Aiiwrii'aii 
imperialism was being rearni. H« imbibed t'hr weakiie.'**'., ll>f lia/i- 
iiiess, as well a.s the »i|>irit of miliiiincy whicli chsiracteriif.-! the riirln' 
miovi-niMWA of «jS|iositi«ii to llif nilr ol niunoimlv rii|»i!ul in llie 
United Stairs. As inipi-riali.wn grcn-, the tlsirity «!' rin-ol'iiiioiiriry prr- 
sjM-cHve and iirograii'i oi tin- mosr advanced workers |.rfw. ^ Riitfi- 
eiilberg symbolizffl this grovrrh in all its stages. Thf srlrctHiiK from \m 
siwrdifs and wririiigs arraiigeJ clironalisBicfdly in ibis l»(tlr vdIuihc 
bring out ill bold relief Rutliedbwg's stead).- iuid contimioys dcvi-iop- 
mcnt. From the very moment of Ilia aca-pting S'Iar«iisiM iis his r>»i«i- 
iiig principle, lit progre.ss«.l without any wavt-riiiE or lifsit-ilioii 
ill his work of changiHg the Socialist Prirty into nn vikcth'i: and 
Marxian party of proletarian, leadership. Unabli! to achkvv tiliiH 
task, he became the leader in the foundation of the Comminiiht 






:«J■:^^l4tl?eo^^rg's■^..aJ1^pi^*^g:;■^^ .career. :■ If.-cao. M mm, &i 

iimrnxmy Imdet who foUo\ytd ..^tfe- .isMMt ■ cooslstcfjt: '-ajisj logical Imm. 

jyi ttvoiwtimmxf 'dcvelopmcitvthrcm^mithw-'pmrtmp-'Atimt . 10 the re-*'o-. 

■.■'.'■■.■RiitljenbeTg iertt a. certaio. Boislievifc poise. and c«jnfid«i<:«- «»-.tlie 
p^rty work md ^^ t^^f>^^ ^^^^^^^^ witJi him in -this w«rfc. . ■:■ As . -it. 
■J^eniinist ■be- 'fought.- co.urageously ; and.. c«ii&fete*i£l.y for rcwliitfeiik- 
big the Amcticmi lahor movtmmn,, for d«velopiiig iu hm-tQ organi- 
xatfeos into militant organ jzatioiis oif tlie class war. Ilk wlwle 
life is ojie of iflspirationj inteiligertcej and iiidiistrtews w«rk and 
strMggle in tbe interests of the r€voi«tioni»ry iab*>r moveirieHtj iit 
the interests of the whole proletJtriat, 

■■■... -P^ath-.-reiDov^d :.Rythenb.erg from- his- revohitionary psst wlitle 
he ^^'^^s stlllcdniparatively young— -at the age of forty-four, Hicsi" 
lines are heing writt<*n on the eve of the ilr:At annnersarv of hh 
death. As the years go by and the American revolutionary iiiove^- 
mertt of which he was so much a part broadens and dt'<*pcns^ among 
the American 'i^vorking clasSj a proper appraisal wiil he ms*!^ of 
his plate in the American labor movement, m%4 the qMuJily of hk 
leadership Will becoinc more pronoujieed. But he will not only 
he a part of the revofotionary traditions of the Anwriean labor 
movement. His incomparable services to the cause of the emjind- 
pation of the workers of the m'orld have made him a part of (he 
traditions of the world's proletariat. * -We deeply grieve with you 
at the loss ol Comrade Ruthenberg, leader of your party and ol 
the international labor movement^ wdiose ashes will riest beneath 
the Kremlin together %vifh the heroes of the No'i'ember Revolu- 
tion,*' cabled the Central Gomrolttee of the Commuiust Party: oi 
the Soviet Union to the Workers* (Commvinist) Party of America^, 
when they learned of Ruthenbcrg's untimely death. The revohi- 
tibnary honor accorded his memory by burying his ashes in the Red 
Siquarc in Moscow bespeaks the esteem in which the Russian workers 
field the ^tivities of Ruthenberg in the revolutionary^ movement of 
thfi international proletsriar. 



mUTHENBERG O'ISf WAR 

{I'heff excifpls fnm bis fp-efchts fmj UTiuHt/jt .;rr teit'H (ttuii 
fkr hool-, CHARLES K. Rl THENHERtl. u-khh u mtf .1/ fl>, 
I'OICFIS tJF REVOLT sirii!. lepiinicJ i'i' pti-mii'.im vt ititff-fni- 
iimud Publishfrs. ] 



nVMX TlfL \V,\K 

{Dtik'frrd in she Clfveluiiil fiJinsI Ctiuf!, Jul). 1'-*17, '\fn-fiJin- 
iȤ i-pffck ileik'rrcJ ut lAi Piihlie Siiuan- J/ty 27, l*'^l"K 

C«mradfS and FrienJs: W'v Iwve wilnosfii lirrf this after- 
noon, ail intident such as lins 'happi-mi-ii in RtiA-iid oit iiiaii) <K't*.>iiati'.. 
No doubt, under the reign ot fi«e C/.ir tlicrc hrtve iwrii Wumy cinir*. 
when nlttmpts liave btcn maulf to s'rr»|i tin- trllint.> ot the trutli. 
Tlierf have been uiaiiy otCiisioiis h'Ium! iIhjm- wIhj ars tin- iSfiv.iiU's 
of t'bf rilling class in ^ocit■I) hint" trird to pn-ii'i'nt thuM" who wcie 
lighting for the librrlitA oi the people from iittciing the lliinii,-. ilun 
they <lk'sircd to smte, ami thii iilipriwioH we lunr hrir m thi- I'niies't 
States wiiifiessed a thine which \rv have su oltcit raiulriiiiK-i! in Mu> 
&,ia, the land of dai'Lncss ait<l tlread ihiiig-i. Kut. iti spiic sjI iVn.s 
liai'ing taken place, 1 will iirocrcii with my siit's-ch jii>i a-. I pmiimrd 
to male it to you before it IihiiiwiimI. I ;iiii jn»iu|£ so prrsriH so y-.ii< 
my ideas, my thoughts, in regjirJ to the prtNi-nr war aiH'l tlii" thinu*. 
B'hich the pco'ple of tllis coiuiilry face :it the iircriit liinr. 

This, h not a war for ireedoiii. It is not a war lur rhr librrtit-a 
of miuikind. It i\ a war 10 sroirc tfic iiu-i>,li)H-ii!>. ;md |jr'»flls »l thi' 
rilling class of this rouiitr)'. . . . 

The only rrason wp arc in tliis wjir luiw is. hn-iiuM' ii i-. ti» ilir 
(HtiCrrsts of the rii,lin|T clas.* of this countr>, tu h;i\r u« in the iriir, 
and I am going toi show it to you. . , . 

I am, speaking to j'oii ris Karl Liebkiicclit •ipukc in the ( jeiHiiJii 
nation, as lie spoke in tht* P;trlia)iicnt of that count rv, wlit-n he de- 
nounced the war as a war O'f the ruling class and slated to you that 
il you are inspired b)' this ideal. ... it yuu art' in.'^pircd with tliai 
which will bring fiboiit a better irorlil, then you imiht stand up .iiici 






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li|li||iir;S-p^ *os«'^ wl»: are ■ 

■::iSr-S#:iear«i iij^ilMi'-lighC": "We; aie-;fte the wpirfcrs of' 

'S&iMiM^y'im'^MtsMi^ug^.. }:Wt are/reprfciag towards', this end,,,' itliiat^ 
:&irf :M:|fe-A'aos:;«:f::tt^^^ .■come.; a; new society, .ja iieiv 

;:)p)friii^;:;:a^;:ncte;eriaBM :o£; (ftc'-people, 'wKidlsL will ■:CO<l'-tfc,:cause 
■;i]#'''#it ■$yfe0img^'^iker\prn4il:e :.0WBerB'liip.; mt indHSt.rs'/-'.Wihicli: -ilMria^ 

■■;;;;:;; ■■■■;'\;;-;.;:';;.XXl!»:i3«;ri:aliarCis:;th^ when 

\- ':l ■:■': ^Ae-:iitMt0 becomes.- the ^agient; of '.liie ' capitalist diss 'iii- sectitBg ' avenues 

. ": ifir'mmstaMtti, £iveiiues;of ■exploitation,' raw iiiaterials- and ::«:tl:ier IpEinis 

/■'^^•xtf'' ca^pi:i:al:isl::;;aic|iori.:- ; It is- that"|»eriod of" capitalism wij,en,;.:tiirou;gih: 

'; ■^,tll*^^:.de¥■eto^>lliert'tl■''':ef . the capitalist isystem, the, perfection' .of 

X". \. ;:.■■■ ;■■■' ■- ''''''"lEhe;''' miichirwrjt :'-.bl" .prnductfoflf the surplus ■in-, a '■■coiintrf::-/ has 

^;''V^■'^;:■:;:■' v''''"tafce:i:i';;.o,o;;:a;,-.^vcerta!Ji ■■icliiaMcter, •'::tiiat: 'et -eijcijortatiofl' of,, capital, 'M 

f;:;„'-;.:>;.':',-; :■:■ S^ smf:^\Mni:lrmx,:-and-'maiang the,-, Tequkemeat'to- secure Huarkets: lor tlic 

^:V:,.^\\,:,;■;;;,^;:,l,;,:::,,.l;lse':;of',,,f!1'i& ni,al:ci-ia!',,v'lor: the, clis.p:Os,ai oi:/tlii's', surplus, -vrij,!,, this '.clffort 

i':\.:::?j.y'.:-- :■ "tor'isectire:,, oiarlcets:, ,,ftsr-':,the,' salic' ot- this, niaterialj ■'tinexploitcdr'feTn- 

'A-.ty:J';<' ,';-■:,,.■ :tq:rieSare:-,!SoygJ)ii' arte! t'hc govenimeiits'-become t'he'^agentii'of irli:c-,ca,pi^' 

\K::\ .;-':::[. >: ' , "f£jli«t ,:ci;asa ;iii:,'s«c«rfng: GoiiGCSsioniS, "securing 'opportunities- feif 'iiiyest- 

3- ;l':,';:,- ■,:■;,-,'/:: ', ■tBent,'-'wiiich:,,^in,-t,u,Tn,,; create ■t'he. rnar;fcet,-for the;' sale: Cif'lhese ,i|f»rocl«cte. 

;;;,■;;;;';■■'';,::>'';■:';.,:'■' :' :Tim-teaiatcy\ot: capitdist: ■prodnctieiV '« that, witlr the";cre,i»i:lott 

fv^;,:;'■,;'■';^■fX';:';;•:^;ol,■grea■:tef'',a,nd^gTeater•surpIt(Si'^ retto-Bfe-of, 'capital .•in«stedXat''ihonie ' 

i/i-g-:': i;::,-,';,-,v',:fi«cf«w':,les8' ,a:i:ia',.:l,« 

;T,,:r:;;:,:;:;,;;,:r,:v',:::o€^ifffestirr!:cnt.w ,rct,ums will:;b«' gi;eater/':;Tliey'seet,;i;lic:;:un€Xi-.;' 

f:;;;-;;^;;;:;:v;;^-;:;'-;:f l'efwd;:;te^ ieek "tfic,::coantries: '^lilcli have./not yet'i«n ^ ^ 

fr^-y;3:";::';' ;'',""■ :;te 'America,,: 'anci : 

]y:;-y :■■::■: jt:^^:^:^.yjM0mf.-m AemrandJamstySmTi^«^M::foT'iweeT and, ■ 

i;:^ -S'SlCi'^'^w^^ 

^iJ,^?:'3Bi;';'i;x';:-;:,!n#r;:«|:Jiit 

'Mi: MMM 'I; Wt;,lfHKl,;,;at ■;% ■4egin'iMa:g.,;of :■ , the ::W,a*;^iii| ',; 1 f •»';;; tlMit;; tiiene :;.|!,afll/ ' 

"Sz ;':'.-4';':::,,;:: y';SS'i,#K|«&f^^^ 'jdcc»ies'"tte atnperwttt,' 'pdllcf viif'- Mk ■ 



RrTIIEXBLRt; nl'X WAR IS 

strugEk for concession*, the <!rM|;|fk' tor ttli;(i \\t iw« iiiijiiH esill 
"mandair*." or cokiisi't--., had bcesi giuiig iHi tov a long icrm i»t 
years. Wr fuimd rcpeatfJly liiat thr goifmniients came ijit** coHtliri 
witJi ffac'h «llier, m, for imsuuiicc, France Jinl Cjcnnam tn-ri !^laroi\-«ji. 
The quieisrioiis- at sraL« were quf>5M!n>., ol «liicli cijuii'tn, *htjui*l h»%t 
the right to cxpiok thk uocxploitetl, uiitk'\cloiteti trrriiury. Thor 
C'Onflic-ia isi, which tin goveiiiiiient; fouuht itit h.-i!t!es, thruiigh d'i- 
ploma'Cy, oi tiic capitalist ch-ss. retlrctrnl thr impcrulist prcttxss, fin- 
drrelopinrm ai iniperiali^iiii, the m-i'iji'ihu ot tlu'.sr coiK-cxviOins loi ihr 
bciierit oi the homi- fapitali>t. Ii w a^ nut oi thi* pnicess tl'i;rt tiw 
war tlfX'cloped. It i< our oi thi>; pri)C€S% tli.it othin" w«ix will «kn-rl»jp 
m the I'uturc, from the staiiilpoiiir oi v)ti;ili>t. ,-iiialy*ii». 

WAR AXl> REVDU-ThlN 
(D.ilvrrvJ /Ittiini/ Ih, \rU' ro,-i- Tiitil. .U.in A. I'ljll'i 

Capitalist prodiiction in its tifirloiinu'iil bungs ;jh<yul it* wwn ilf 
cay, its own decline, its o«'ii bri".ikii«(wi! ; r.ipitali'^t jiirud'ycimiii iii 
ri'itabJy tlirou|ili its onii condiiioiis of cxijinici" urodtici's ^ath .i 
situation as the World \\';it ; a woi lil \\\n , ;iii mi|H'riali'.t ir.ii, 
brings abomt the brcaktiown t>l capiMlist prodiu'tioii. It ,il>»o biiup"- 
jibcuit iht" iiiLTcaM* in pricps. the iiifrpiKc of the llJ^t (sl toiiimmlinr'', 
amil thus intensifies the sirupjjk- bfuvrcn (In ivotltfiii w hii iiiun! 
g4(iii rhe iM'tesiitiis tu livr and iln' invnini.' cla.^, 1 iiiijfht ilhi->!i.iic 
this; As a result of die war, prict's li.tve doubk'd iiiw! wf hate hiiil 
:i I.-irge iiiinib!.-!' of strikes (m tlw piart of the wii(Lri'> iryiin; to t.ilflii 
up with rlit cost of liiiiig. Such n .slnke, fur iiist.inm w.i'^ the i>iii 
lawtiJ railroad strike. Thus, in thr tk-velopmeiit o( the i-apiliilis.1 s\>i. 
mn, its own roiitradirtioiH brin|^ about a •siriiatioii in whith ihi 
iitafhincrj, of piodliictiom breaks do"»vii. Vm p.\iii>ii|ilr, wai. Im- 
perialism brings the j»rcar capitali>.t chii^ses in i'<)i»fliit w-ilh I'arh 
other. This conflict in the brginniiig taikcs die iurni oi a diplfjinuilic 
coiitroversy and rods in war. War brings about tlic disiiitfgraiinii 
of the capitalist machinery «f production, as has been ilie case in 
Europe. It also brings about inflation, the increase rif prict'ii, wild 
the working cla.ss is driven to a more bitter and antagonistic slryig- 
gle against the capitalist cia.ss. In ihis ctnintry we saw that iliis^traied 
ill the various strikej;, like that of the co.il miner-;, which i.-iHt u":ii 



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H KL-THENBEKG-~-C0MMl^'l5T FIGHTEK AK0 LEADEI^ 

brought a stopi)«ge or industry in cerr:itn pku:e..^the oytU^vcd >tr4^ 
of tl^ railroad workers, which brought ao^ut .h^n^^g^itm.i ..i .fe 
ra'iroad scrvi.-c ^nd brought about a .Ituanon in wnrco rho nnla.uir. 
coLia not nuKtion effectively. This pmc^ gou>g <..j mum^mx 
hrm^^ about h conchtioa in which the workvr,. are conipellrJ r« sfr^te 
iHore' frequently, more widely, If^ tlie procc.s^ the govcnKnrnr am 
^. the aRcnt of the capitalist cis>. for th. Miin>re.>.on ot niv uar- 
ker< a^ for exampk-, in the caa! mincr=^ strike b?t ye,^r, uic ^n.v- 

trrnment used the injunction, it u>ea federal troops, n rn-d up rh. 
treasury of the unions. Tht. direct, the attention ott no ^.orker. 
aj£ain-t'thc capitah'st state, ns the agency of th*^ capItnh^t da-., ar.d 
their struggles begi.i to devchjp against the government, M the pre>= 
en t moment the English strike of the cojil «imers is an mmnph of 
that development. In this process there comes a point where tlw 
capitalist ^.overnment is no longer able to iimctmm and m mm » 
crisis the workinii class wrll establish m workers' councils which 
becoi3ie the govenuiient and functtSJi as the government in order that 
production may be established on a new basis, carried on for the tae» 
fit of the people. For a period tliere may be, as there wtm m Russ«i. 
two governments, one remaioing the government atid the other dis^ 
integrating and going out of eKiSWnm In such a Sit««wn, »o. 
thclarger part of the arnw, as wat the case hi Eussm, would SMpporr 
the ^vorkers in their efforts to establish their government. ihe 
working class will c-^tablish their government hi the form that wdl 
be suitable for the exercise of working^lass power, a Sovtet pv- 
ernment. 

■■■■■■:.■■.■ ■IMPEKIAUST WAKS AMI) BBVOLOTION 

{Delwerett dannff the Brldgemmt TrmL Mm^ 1923) 

Imperiaiist wars are the inevitable outcome of the capitalist 
sv^rem of production— not only a single war but many wars, recur- 
H,ig from time to time, , , , In this process of capitalist jmpcmh^i 
there 15 the threat of the destruction of our civilis^ation. In the 
^vaVs which will come fwim time to time there will be great destruc- 
tion of wealth J there will be the breaking down of the productive 
lorc^. The people of the capitalist countries will find themselves 
impovetishedy will fhid themselves suffering because the war has 



RrTHESBESG 0« WAS s% 

Eateti iVciai thciH the possibiliEi's of iiixniuciiis! wi-alth .t- fhrj i»fr- 
Viioiisly prkIucimJ it. In this process «t insperialkns asi.i the ifo-iTisc- 
lioifi Of pKiiclucri\e imwn tlwrc will k- «iwi>iii|!s oi" vwwIcia wka 
bear fiw brunt oi tlsc sufteriiigs, to rinlcMvoT fu relte^i- iliesiLfflvf* 
Ifom the niKery and suf leTings which the cnpitalisl *j-sl«i> hriiniis upon 
tlwm. These smigglrs will ttsuli m revduiimrMy srTugute,<, in as 
■tempts by the workcfs to abolisli the capitalist liysicjn aHsi t« r,vi.*- 
iish the oollecti've ownership of industry :iiiJ proiliKlioii. . . . 

Tlie ^Vorktrs* iCmnmiiiiist} Party will aid in otgm'u'ms; tk- 
s'triiggle agBinst Ainericim imperialism by the opiM-rN--«xl r't''>I*l« wlw 
arc faring esploited by the capitalists of I'hc Unites! ^tateS-^ It wsii 
aid ill yniting the proplr of Porto Rico, Cuba, Mi-xitw,, m aH Crjitr.il 
and South America. :«itl ihc Philippinrs in a s-tniggk fur fn'vilom i'ram 
she Aiiiericaii capitalist exploiters. 

The l¥urker%-" (Coramiimist) Party i^: al'fiiiatr.i: with, asi.i k a 
section of the Comiiumist liiteriiatioisiil. Tlw C'ommsiiiisi !iiters»;v 
tiwoa! is the worki-widc leader Oij" the class stuij-ele nf rhe^wortrr*,. 
li is an associatiuH of the Communist Parties of all coyntrirs ui the 
I'rorkl. 

The Workers* (Cummimist ) I'mty ifwlu-s c-vrry ihuh iiml 
w<MnaH who is re:iily to acoepr tin.' above pro|»rain ol hfriigsli" aiimm! 
Slie capitalist class ami capiliilist govcriiiiu'rit, botli :ls in il> iitHi'ie- 
dliatc forms ami tlie uhimart; revohitionary strHgult- fur :i vemkrty' 
sun! farmers' goverinm-nr, to joii) the Workers' | t'omrminist') Party. 

it is only tliroaigh building a powt-rful 0>iHimii»Vt Fai-ly which 
can tmite ami lc;id all p!iiib« of the >truKgk-. of the wnrle.n mA 
Irirmers that tlir victorj of the Workers" iiii<l i-'iirmrrs' ( diuTnun-iiC 
n-an he won and the coiHinunist society ctiiblishrjl, 

LET'S FIGHT ON! 

On March 2, 1927, CImrles E. Rutlu'tibi-rg, SearUiij of ihr 
JmericaK Communist Fariy since its itrffmikalioii in 1919, exeefil 
ff,r the period he spent in prison, hrealheil his Imt. CfJindoiu of #- 
prwifhinff death he gave his Imt thoughts to the party and -Hie move- 
mi.-at to wMrk he had devoted the best years o/ Ms life. He fisied llmse 



16 RirrHEI^BERG-COMMrKiST FIGHTrS ANi> IXAPER 

tih^ iverr at his bedside /o Cfjiwey^ the hiimdn^ m^Srm^r V> SI fe 
romrmles h the communht nwvetmni: 

•TFI.L THY. CUMRADI^*^ TO CLOSE THEIR R,'\XK.>, 
TO BLTLn THE PARTY, THE AMERICAN WORKERS 
UNDER THE LEADEHSHH' OF OUR PARTY AND TilE 
COMINTERN WJLL WIN. LET'S FKiHT ON!" 



'#9ifo-a. 



The' Wnp' 



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New 'International" Books 



AZURE CiTlS, Siotira «f N«w RsjMa,^.4 aMlecOMH * 

at short feTurk? by rluHcen rnuioiapv>Wfy Rimto I 

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UO MILLION, by iNikhwl (;old.^^=,-\ oilKvtvon i>! iir 
two skctclw, pocm^ .hkI «\3?$ r-v^vitJiJivm.'? whrch ik- 
•■cTihc. the iMitsa? aud Jwiss,! os the WijskcsV fit? m 

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BILL HAYWOOD'S BOOK. AnA,nolM:ogTOphy..^4V!l : 

bmi D. H^n-vvood'.. own siorv |oi(i ;ii;4iVi%r tlio tur | 

huierst bck^rountl of Asihificjn labor sinigglBS 1 

vvnticn duriiV^ {.Ik- iaa wjr of his JitV, ... $2.UiS I 

voices OF R£VOlT...a.Ilccu>J .|,.cJi., ol th \ 

woi-y.-, rcvoiuiionjry kadei-s. AIumJv jn!ML%)i«\L ! 

uin, BebcK W. lt.>hkwcht, Lemn. Deb, Rmhen^ : 

^''^«- - . . r^ch .SO : 



THH REVOLUTION OF ioi?. f,,, V. L Le„m....-Aii 

.Icnin's mnm^i atuj spco:lu=.5 Irnin (In- ovnihruw 
oi the TMr m M.(n:h i<.. the hm opL-ii .cHiflH! wth 
the Provisional CH.nvmrn.'iU 1Ik' Inly Duy. 

cull $,^ UU 

Order fro!?} 

WORKERS LIBRARY PUIJLISHfiRS 
35 East ]23Ui Sirm. 
New YorJc, N. Y,