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Full text of "Salubrious Living"

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A NATURAL LI FE STYLE 

FOR 4l'»II.VIK(i AND HMISTUMIN(> THl CtflNATC 

lh W ■■! -;►: I '." "'- MvanMimi 
ax TArcm .un ncu In i u HY 

The Church of Creativity 

Author: Ben Klassen 
Format: Paperback 



Salubrious Living 

00. Salubrious Living - Introduction 

01. The Search for Youth 

02. The Myth of Medical Progress 

03. The Hygienic System 

04. The Nature of Disease 

05. The Foods of Civilization 

06. The Foods of Primitive Man 

07. Don't Cook Your Foods 

08. The Fruitarian Diet 

09. How to Plan Your Meals 

10. The Best Sources of Minerals and Vitamins 

11. Soil and Food 

12. Nature's Supreme Healing Agency 

13. The Value of Heliotherapy 

14. Building Strength and Health Through Exercise 

15. Some Common Ailments 

16. Why Lose Your Teeth? 

17. Better Vision Without Glasses 

18. Building Strong Feet 

19. Keep Your Hair 

20. The Needs of Infants and Growing Children 

21. To Build Beauty You Must Build Health 

22. Eugenics and the Survival of the White Race 



Creativity Book Publisher 
Pub. Date: 1982 



Food Chart 



Copyright © 2003 by World Church of Creativity 



Salubrious Living - Introduction 



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The term "Salubrious Living" is a nomenclature I have coined as part and parcel of a very important facet of our religious creed 
and program set forth by the CHURCH OF THE CREATOR. The word "salubrious" comes from the Latin word "salubris" 
meaning "healthy; wholesome; sound; useful; vigorous". Webster's dictionary defines the English derivative "salubrious" as: 1. 
favorable to, or promoting health or well being; invigorating; 2. spiritually wholesome; conducive to good results". It is in this 
context of fully promoting the health and well being of the White Race that we use this term in its true literal meaning. 

We of the CHURCH OF THE CREATOR want to differentiate this term from "Natural Hygiene popularly used for many decades 
by health practitioners devoted to this worthy art and science. The two practices are in large part similar, but we prefer to use 
the term Salubrious Living for two reasons (a) we go one step further than Natural Hygiene and include Eugenics as a vital part 
of our philosophy and, (b) as I explain in the WHITE MAN'S BIBLE, "Natural Hygiene" is not the best choice of words in 
describing what this subject is all about. Nevertheless we want to hereby acknowledge a large debt and deep gratitude to the 
study of Natural Hygiene and its illustrious contributors who, together, have built this most valuable of all health philosophies. 

The creed and program of the CHURCH OF THE CREATOR is basically contained in two books. The first of these is 
NATURE'S ETERNAL RELIGION and the second is THE WHITE MAN'S BIBLE. Basically the thrust of that creed is the 
survival, expansion and advancement of the White Race and the White Race only. Together these two books comprise the 
sacred books of CREATIVITY. 

NATURE'S ETERNAL RELIGION was first published in 1973. In the second book, The WHITE MAN'S BIBLE (published in 
1981) we amplify and expand our creed to further embrace areas such as physical health, mental health, nutrition, fasting, 
environment and saving our productive soil, subjects not touched on in the first book. Among these subjects in the second 
book, approximately nine chapters are devoted to the subject of SALUBRIOUS LIVING. These embrace all facets of healthful 
living, how to regain health and how to keep it once it has been achieved. 

These nine chapters also expose the hoax of medicine and drugs, of how the medical profession has set itself up as a semi- 
religious autocracy, a powerful closed shop which dictates dogma and doctrine; of how with the aid of the government it 
successfully uses strong-arm methods to keep all others out of its tremendously lucrative racket. All this it does for its own 
selfish pecuniary interests, its own self-aggrandizement and to the detriment of a long suffering public. 

In Salubrious Living we have an altogether different approach to the health problem. In fact, we categorically state that we 
would have practically no health problems in the first place if we didn't through ignorance and stupidity create these problems 
ourselves. This we do on the advice and at the instigation of our orthodox medical profession by poisoning ourselves with 
medicines, drugs and chemicals, all of which are alien to our body and poisonous to our systems. We further exacerbate the 
problem by bad nutrition and by bad choices of foods, by destroying the nutritional elements in even the good foods, and by 
imbibing with the crippled foods large quantities of preservatives, additives and other chemicals, all of which are dire poison. 

In the nine chapters of The WHITE MAN'S BIBLE on Salubrious Living we compress much of this information into a minimal 
synopsis, all in the interest of saving space, since we have so much other ground to cover. All we have done basically in The 
WHITE MAN'S BIBLE is to show which direction to go in, where the real values lie, and what to avoid. In no sense was it to 
cover the subject comprehensively, because space does not allow. We did promise, however, that we would expand further in 
another book. 

In this book, SALUBRIOUS LIVING, we do just that. We expand on the subject of health in greater detail. It is in complete 
conformity with the briefer chapters in The WHITE MAN'S BIBLE but it does not diverge into the many other vital subjects as 
we do in the former book. 

Outside of this introduction and the final chapter on Eugenics, both of which were written by myself, the entire balance of the 
text has been written by Arnold DeVries, who compiled the study in an excellent book entitled "The Fountain of Youth". It is so 
logical, so comprehensive, and being entirely based on the Eternal Laws of Nature, we embrace it as part of our own program 
of A Sound Mind in a Sound Body in a Sound Society in a Sound Environment. 

In order to define our program of Salubrious Living we again review the 14 basic points as set forth in The WHITE MAN'S 
BIBLE. These 14 are: 

1 . We believe in living in accord with our human biological heritage and in harmony with the Laws of Nature. 

2. This means eating fresh wholesome food in its natural state as Nature has given it to us. It must be uncooked, unprocessed, 
unpreserved and not tampered with in any other way. This further means it must be organically grown, without the use of 
chemicals. 



3. Availing us of a clean, wholesome environment; fresh, unpolluted air; clean water; and the beneficial therapy from the direct 
rays of the sun, every day. 

4. Some form of strenuous physical exercise several times a week. 

5. Rest and relaxation, both mental and physical, including sound and efficient sleep. 

6. A form of recreation that is gratifying to our sense of accomplishment. 

7. A sense of purpose, security and confidence to fuel our goals for accomplishment and living the good life. We must have 
goals and we must be motivated. 

8. Deliberate self-mastery of our lives and our work. 

9. Gregarious living within the framework of our CREATIVE religion, our White society and social intercourse with our White 
Racial Comrades. We are social animals. 

10. Healthy expression of our sexual instincts. 

11. Living in a pleasing and healthful environment. 

12. We do not believe in the use of any "medicines, drugs or chemicals as having any healing or therapeutic value. In fact, all 
medicines, drugs, narcotics, and chemicals are poisonous and toxic to the human body. Furthermore, and for the same reason, 
we do not believe in the use of vitamin, mineral, or enzyme supplements, or the use of artificial food coloring, preservatives, nor 
refined or fragmented foods. 

13. We strongly believe in THE PRACTICE OF FASTING as the best means of ridding he body of accumulated poisons and 
toxins. We are convinced that fasting is the most natural and effective means the body has of overcoming all forms of disease, 
and restoring itself back to health. 

14. Living in, and promoting a eugenic White society. This means that we take particular care in not only assuring the 
perpetuation of our precious White Race, but we take deliberate care that the misfits are culled and that each generation 
advances to higher and more salubrious levels, physically, aesthetically and mentally. 

Since DeVries was not racially minded and since we believe that Eugenics (that is, Racial Health) must be an integral part of 
any health program (as stipulated in Point 14) I have included additional material on the subject of Eugenics as the concluding 
chapter of this book. 

Thus we believe that all these four components: A Sound Mind, A Sound Body, A Sound Society and a Sound Environment are 
part and parcel of a complete whole and vitally necessary for living the Salubrious Life. 

In CREATIVITY, as our religion is known, we therefore embrace the entire spectrum of living. We believe that you cannot have 
a healthy mind or a healthy body, or a healthy race or a healthy society if any vital part of the whole structure is ailing. That is 
why we called ours a FOUR DIMENSIONAL RELIGION-in which we set about to put in healthy order all aspects of what is 
necessary for the survival, expansion and advancement of the White Race the most precious value on the face of this planet. 

Ben Klassen, Pontifex Maximus 
Founder, Church of the Creator 
September, 1981 



Salubrious Living - Introduction 



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Salubrious Living - 01 

The Search for Youth: Dream Becomes Reality 

Throughout the world youthfulness is the standard sought by almost all. It offers charm, beauty, health and happiness to those 
who have it. It is always searching for new sensations, new visions, new adventure, new romance, new thoughts and new 
ideas. Youth charms the world with its impetuous, carefree attitude and welcomes the exquisite temptations of life. It searches 
for change and laughs at failures. It is associated with the highest physical vitality and mental enthusiasm. Indeed, youth is the 
visible symbol of the joy of existence. It stands on a pedestal above all else. 

With the departure of youth comes the tragedy of senility. As our tissues become old we lose our vitality. We meet the ravages 
of degenerative disease and see our beauty slowly fade. The eyes lose their sparkle, the skin commences to wrinkle, the hair 
turns gray or falls out, the teeth decay, the limbs become weak and we degenerate into hideous puppets of our former selves. 
Nor does the mind escape. We lose our enthusiasm for life. Our mental processes are dulled. We can no longer think clearly. 
We crawl into the rut of conventionality and avoid change. We worry and fret over our failures and forget what happiness is. 
Life loses its meaning. Instead of remaining an opportunity for gaining new pleasures it becomes a boring episode which is 
haunted by the memories of days gone by. The glory of youth and the tragedy of old age have always been recognized by 
humans. The innate desire for radiant youth has always reigned supreme. Everyone holds his youth to be worth the highest 
price; we are all trilled by the feeling of youth. No one would give it up for any compensation, and once it is past, nearly all 
would give practically anything to have it back. It is the one thing we all cherish if we still have it, or desire if we do not have it. If 
you are young there is nothing you would trade for your youth; if you are old there is probably nothing you would not give in 
order to be young again. 

The desire for youthfulness has always been associated with the enchanting dream of the fountain of youth. It has always been 
hoped that someday someone would find the elixir of youth and life. Down through the ages men have searched far and wide- 
in the soil of the earth, through the plant kingdom and in the tissues of animals-in the hope of finding a mysterious substance 
which will provide the blissful condition of continuous youth to the day of death. The famed Ponce de Leon sailed the Atlantic to 
the New World to find the fabled fountain of youth. However, he, like the alchemists and sorcerers who preceded him (though 
along different lines), failed. To the world in general the fountain of youth still remains a myth and a dream, an idea with little 
basis in reality. 

People have by now lost all expectation of discovering a method of preserving their youth into advanced age. Surely if there 
were any method of doing this someone would have discovered it by this time. Why attempt the impossible? After all, no one 
has ever preserved his youth indefinitely-at least we have not seen anyone do it. Of some two billion people on the earth all 
seem to suffer from the ravages of old age. Is it not a law of Nature that all forms of animal life must become senile as they 
enter into advanced years? 

Such is the conventional reasoning. At first it may seem logical and reasonable, but upon closer examination we find it to be 
highly inaccurate and unscientific. Contrary to popular belief, senility is riot the general rule throughout Nature. In fact, some 
animals do not appear to age at all. The giant water-tortoises of the island of Mauritius present the same general appearance 
and vitality at the age of 1 50 years as they did in their youth. One of man's closest relatives, the chimpanzee, while living in its 
native haunts of Africa, fails to display any signs of senility in its advanced years. As a general rule, most animals in their wild 
state change a little as time goes by but never to the extent that humans do. They are usually healthy and strong in their 
advanced years. If you were to visit the forest you would not find all the old animals weak, decrepit and almost helpless. On the 
contrary, you probably would not be able to distinguish the old from the young. And then if you examined these animals you 
would find little or no physiological difference between their tissues and those of the younger animals. Moreover, if you were to 
go to the isolated regions of the earth you would find primitive races which preserve their youth far longer than civilized people. 

You will find that they escape entirely many of the usual symptoms of senility. 

No, senility is not inevitable. The fountain of youth, which has long been considered a myth, now gains the atmosphere of 
reality. It becomes increasingly apparent that strength and health may be associated with old age. Symptoms of decrepitude 
and feebleness, far from being the inevitable counterparts of advanced life, are altogether unnecessary. Youth can be 
preserved remarkably well with proper life practices; any changes which occur with time need not be great nor anything nearly 
as debilitating as we witness. 

In the world today we find that decrepitude and "civilization" go hand in hand. In pure Nature youth is preserved nearly until 
death. Obviously there must be some factor or factors in our modern life which create senility. Not that there is anything wrong 
with civilization in itself. Our aim should always be to build a higher state of civilization, but that factor should not be permitted 
to deny us the beneficence of youth we would appreciate in Nature. Indeed, in civilization those causes of poor health and 
hastened senility should be searched out and eradicated. 

Youth and health go hand in hand. That is, it is only in a state of physiological youth that health is possible. One who is senile 



cannot be healthy. In preserving your youth you also gain the opportunity to acquire good health and freedom from disease. 
And conversely, it is only by preserving your health that you can preserve your youth. The struggle for health is similar to the 
struggle for youth and is carried out along the same lines. As you strive for the one you'll also be striving for the other. As you 
realize the one you'll also realize the other. 

Youth and health, being the most important things that exist, being virtually priceless, should receive the most careful study and 
attention; but medical "science" studies disease, not health, and is not interested in the conditions which favor perfect health. 
Nor does the medical scientist consider the preservation of youth to be worthy of serious research. However, youth and health 
have not been neglected entirely. The development of the Hygienic system in America has provided us with a science of living 
which is concerned with building health to the highest possible level, thereby reducing disease and senility to the lowest 
possible minimum. 

This book tells the story of the Hygienic System. 

Associated with this story is that of the other fields of science which are concerned with health and disease, for the Hygienic 
System is fundamentally related to the search for unceasing health. Furthermore, you must recognize the failure of 
conventional approaches before you can realize the importance of the search for the more efficient ways of restoring and 
maintaining high-level health. Only by gaining a clear picture of the nature of disease and the accepted forms of treatment can 
you visualize the role which Natural Hygiene is to play in a world that is healthy and youthful. 

This story is not just a discussion of what is already known. It points out the road of new research which may enable us to learn 
more of the causes of old age and disease. It provides for us, along with an indication of what it might be well for us to study 
and investigate in the future. Opinions have been eliminated as much as possible-this is the verdict of science. 

Salubrious Living - 01 

The Search for Youth: Dream Becomes Reality 



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Salubrious Living - 02 

The Myth of Medical Progress: Surveying History's Number One Failure 

Of all the fields which deal with the elimination of disease, medical "science" enjoys a near monopoly. It has gained the widest 
acceptance and holds a foremost position throughout the world. Not only is it one of the oldest of all practices, it has also had 
the bulk of funding for research. Accordingly it should have made great progress-at least far more than its minuscule rivals. 

That medical "science" has been highly successful is the opinion of most people. It has supposedly lowered man's suffering 
from diseases, found remedies for many chronic diseases and found means of preventing many others. Likewise, the claim is 
made that medicine is responsible for the increased life span in recent years. Generally speaking, medical progress is, in the 
public mind, an established fact. 

The real picture is a far departure from that which has won public acceptance. It fails to show that medicine has indeed raised 
the standard of public health. It questions all medical methods and the value of thousands of years of medical practice. Further, 
it reveals that medical practice has been accepted largely upon blind faith, that there is no real evidence of its viability. 

There is available a large array of facts which justify this reluctance to give credit to medicine. Perhaps the outstanding 
examples of its failures are found right here in the United States. It is this nation which has the most extensive medical service, 
the most physicians and the most hospitals. If medicine is capable of producing good results anywhere it should have done so 
here. But a few careful observations show that it has failed in its purpose. 

The most frequently mentioned victory of medical practice has resulted from its fight against the so-called infectious diseases. 
Statistics show quite clearly that we have fewer of these diseases than formerly, but for this, medicine can be given no credit. 
Medical efforts to prevent these diseases have taken the form of serum and vaccine injections; however, a study of disease 
rates fails to indicate that the rate of so-called infectious disease is lowered when these injections are given. In fact, in some 
cases the disease rate climbs as the use of serums and vaccines increases. There is obviously a distinct cause, existing apart 
from medical practice, that is responsible for the reduced disease rate. This may be in the form of improved dietary habits or 
some other change in the American way of living. Of one thing we may be sure; the so-called victory of medicine against these 
diseases has never had any real existence. 

The prevalence of degenerative disease in America today, and its rate of increase in the last fifty years, is something that is not 
common knowledge. The public has not been given the real facts. There has been no victory against the most common 
degenerative diseases such as heart trouble, arthritis, rheumatism, hardening of the arteries, cancer, diabetes, etc. Although it 
is not generally admitted, these diseases are far more common today than ever before. In the last fifty years insanity has 
increased 400 per cent; epilepsy, 300 per cent; anemia, 300 per cent; diabetes, 1800 per cent; and cancer, 308 per cent. This 
steady increase is continuing year after year in spite of the most extensive medical service, which includes the work of 145,000 
doctors, 280,000 nurses, and 60,000 pharmacists. Or perhaps it should be said that it is occurring because of this service, for 
the rate of increase has been in proportion to the increase in the employment of drugs, serums and vaccines to prevent or 
suppress the acute disease. 

The physical examinations of 22,000,000 men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five in World War II have likewise 
revealed the failure of medicine. Of these, 1 1 ,000,000 or fully 50 per cent, were rejected for physical reasons. This was a much 
higher percentage of rejects than occurred in the draft of World War I . The percentage of nervous debility cases had doubled 
since 1917, and the amount of tooth decay had increased fourfold. Nearly one-third of all rejects suffered from a lack of mental 
health. It is noteworthy that it was the prime of American manhood which was examined by the army. If the condition of the 
youth and middle-aged groups of America is so poor, that of the older groups must be indeed deplorable. The late World War, 
contrary to the popular opinion, did not demonstrate increased medical efficiency. Rather, it was just one more demonstration 
of the failures of medical practice. 

Dr. Parran, Surgeon General of the United States Public Health Service, studied 2,660,000 persons, representing every age 
group and economic level-a cross section of our population-and made records of the health status of this group. Assuming that 
it was fairly representative of the American population, he concluded that on every day, one out of twenty people is too sick to 
attend school, go to work or attend to customary duties; that on the average, every man, woman and child in America suffers 
from ten days incapacity each year; that the average youngster is bedridden with illness seven days each year, the average 
oldster thirty-five days each year; that 6,000,000 people are sick each day, and 42 per cent of these suffer from hardening of 
the arteries, heart disease, rheumatism and nervous diseases; that 500,000 people are blind, 65,000 are totally deaf; 75,000 
more are deaf-mutes and 1 ,000,000 are permanent cripples. These are the health statistics of a sick people, of a nation which 
suffers proportionately from far more disease than the lowest primitive races who have never seen a hospital or acquainted 
themselves with medical "science." Dr. Parran places a large part of the blame for the health problems of Americans on poor 
housing, hazards of occupation and instability of the labor market. But these are only secondary causes. Medical practice must 
take the real blame. With almost unlimited resources at its disposal, it has failed to provide a high standard of public health. 



The high percentage of disease among children is seldom realized. The United States Board of Education has stated that 
400,000 children in America suffer from organic disease; 1,000,000 are afflicted with the various forms of tuberculosis; 
1 0,000,000 possess enlarged lymphatic glands; 1 ,000,000 have spinal curvatures; 4,000,000 suffer from malnutrition; 
1 0,000,000 have imperfect teeth and 1 5,000,000 present physical defects of one kind or another. When Dr. Alexander T. 
MacNichol, of New York, examined 1 0,000 school children of that city he found that 35 per cent suffered from heart 
derangement; 15 per cent had some nervous disorder; 60 per cent had anemia; 27 per cent had tuberculosis, and 20 per cent 
suffered from spinal defects. He concluded that if all of the children so suffering had been removed from schools, two-thirds of 
the New York schools would have had to close. Statistics show that in Cleveland, Ohio, 981 ,000 children have recognizable 
physical defects. In Washington, D. C, fully 90 percent of the children, at the time they enter school, show similar defects. In 
Chicago, examinations of school children showed that 86,000 had defects of the teeth and palate; 10,000 suffered from 
anemia; 10,000 possessed enlarged lymphatic glands; 25,000 had impaired vision; 6,000 were afflicted with pulmonary 
disease; 4,000 had skin diseases; and 1 ,000 to 2,000 had nervous diseases. One would have to search a long time among 
primitive races to find even a single group with a health record such as this. We are a nation of weaklings and physiological 
cripples. Even the young children, who should present the best physical condition, suffer from one disease after another. The 
healthy child, free from all disease, is almost unknown. 

Medical authorities have proudly pointed to the recent increase in the span of human life. This is said to be an excellent 
example of medical progress. We live a good deal longer than our ancestors did; there is no doubt about that. But this increase 
in the length of life has had nothing to do with medicine. Rather, it occurred in spite of medicine. Today the average human, 
aged 35 years, can expect to live only slightly longer than his grandfather, who, at the same age, could have expected to live. 
The life expectancy has increased hardly at all for the middle-aged person. The drop in the rate of infant modality has been 
almost solely responsible for the increased life span. Formerly, infants were cared for in a manner that was in every way 
conducive to high mortality rates. Today their care is still bad but is has improved much, especially in regard to diet. The 
increased use of fruit juices and vegetables for infants has perhaps done more than anything else to lower infant mortality and 
thus prolong the average life span. However, it was certainly not medicine which recommended the changed diet for infants. At 
first medical "science" condemned fruits and vegetables as being dangerous to health. Then, when the use of these foods had 
become established, medical authorities dropped their objections, acknowledged that fruits and vegetables should be used in 
the infant's diet and took credit for inaugurating the change! Associated with the continued degeneration of the American 
people is the increasing percentage of facial deformities. Studies of primitive races indicate that a lack of beauty, especially 
facial beauty, should be considered a disease which may always be prevented by building the health of the parents to a high 
level. This insures the birth of infants with normal facial structure. Among civilized races, facial deformities are chiefly deformed 
dental arches, pinched nostrils and defective jaw structure. Today it is doubtful that over 5 per cent of the American people 
have approached the normal high standard of beauty which is characteristic of the healthy members of every race. 

Medical "science" has done virtually nothing to decrease the "need" for surgical operations. In fact, conditions which are 
claimed to require surgery are becoming more common than ever, and the use of surgery has increased many times since the 
beginning of this century. In fact its increase has been in direct proportion with the increase of surgeons. Rare indeed is the 
person who has not had some sort of operation. Operations for the removal of the tonsils and appendix have increased at the 
most rapid rate. And the indications for the future hold no note of optimism. It is claimed the need for surgery will increase. 

Not only has medical "science" failed in its efforts to prevent disease; it has been equally unsuccessful in its attempt to 
eliminate disease, once it comes to exist. Statistics show that more patients recover from acute ailments with no medical care 
than with the most expensive medical care. This indicates that "medical care" is a bane, not a boon. The death rate during the 
influenza epidemic of World War I was very high for those patients who underwent medical treatment, but it was practically nil 
for those in whom the affection ran its course. The death rate in cases of appendicitis is several times as high when there is an 
immediate operation as when the operation is forgone. Moreover, later complications upon those who have had this depurating 
organ removed indicates it extremely unwise to remove the appendix. The absence of treatment provides better results than 
medical treatment which is usually hurtful. 

There is no evidence to indicate that there is less disease today than there was a thousand years ago. There is no evidence to 
indicate that modern medical methods of treating most of the diseases are any more effective than those of the sorcerers of the 
dark ages or the witch doctors of primitive tribes. There is no evidence to indicate that we live longer than did the ancient 
Greeks or as long as many primitive races of today. All studies show that we in America, with all our physicians and great 
hospitals, suffer from far more disease than do the races in the most backward regions of the earth. We are retrogressing, not 
progressing. Medical progress is only a figment of the imagination. 

In the final analysis, everything must be judged by the results it provides. If it works and produces the desired results, it is of 
value, but if it does not do this it need be of little concern to society. This may be applied to medicine. It has not produced the 
desired results. Its record is one of continuous failure. The object in this case should be to turn to something constructive. By 
doing so we have nothing to lose except our sicknesses. We have good health to gain. 

This does not mean that we must reject everything that has come from medical practice. But it does mean that we must reject 



the great preponderance of its practices. Drugs may be discarded entirely; at least 99% of all surgical work may be dispensed 
with as harmful. The remainder, employed chiefly in cases of wounds and accidents, will perhaps be our only relic of the age of 
medicine. 

In the absence of seeking out physicians, our populace, if they should unwisely bring illness upon themselves, will resort to 
Natural remedies as do animals. Primarily this means a resort to fasting when feeling out of sorts. Perhaps a method of body 
care that does not cause disease will come into general vogue. 



Salubrious Living - 02 

The Myth of Medical Progress: Surveying History's Number One Failure 



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Salubrious Living - 03 

The Hygienic System: Origin and Development of the Only Scientific Health 
System 

Having seen the deficiencies of medical "science" we may start our search through "drugless medicine" with its "irregular" 
schools of healing. This takes us to chiropractic, osteopathy, naturopathy, Christian Science, physical medicine and others. 
These are the best-known non-medical schools engaged in caring for the sick. They are indeed a source of competition for the 
hard-pressed medical profession. 

Our observations of these schools offer little hope for optimism. In virtually every case we find failure rather than success. With 
rare exceptions we see patients going steadily downhill in spite of the most extensive treatment. We find in osteopathy a 
system of massage and manipulation which treats only the end-points of disease and thus fails to remove cause. Chiropractic 
has a similar basis, except that its manipulation is confined to the spine. The chiropractors have never bothered to explain why 
spinal subluxations exist in the absence of disease and why disease is frequently present in the absence of these subluxations. 
They have never been able to correlate cause with effect, and the failures of their practice are to be expected in view of this 
fact. Naturopathy is also based upon drugless palliation. The naturopath has taken a few methods of treating symptoms from 
each of these other schools and combined them with electricity, artificial fever, colonic irrigation and hydrotherapy, thus forming 
a system of therapeutic follies. Physical medicine is simply naturopathy under a new name with more reputable backing. 
Christian Science is a system of therapeutic abstractions which are based upon metaphysics rather than science. The "health 
food" industry, starting in the late twenties as an attempt to supply the public with unrefined foods, has evolved into a "healing 
school" with its numerous lecturers and so-called diet experts giving advice on the care and treatment of virtually all well-known 
diseases. The cure-alls in this case are vitamins and mineral tablets, capsules and concentrates-all proven failures as a means 
of establishing health or eradicating disease. 

In rare cases, perhaps in 1 to 2 per cent of those in which it is employed, manipulative therapy, especially when applied to the 
spine, may be of some value. Barring this exception, we may reject the general field of drugless medicine as being ineffectual 
and impossible of being practical. It has merely added to the confusion which medicine started. It has acquired limited 
popularity only because the orthodox profession has failed. As a substitute for medicine it is unacceptable, for it has simply 
replaced one form of symptom-shooting with others. The underlying causes of disease are left intact; indeed, they have not 
even been searched for. These things being true, the failures of drugless medicine should not surprise us; they should be 
expected. 

The picture is not as dark as it might seem, however Fortunately, there exists a system which has been found very efficient as 
a means of overcoming disease, of restoring and maintaining health. It is distinguished from the schools of medicine, 
chiropractic, osteopathy and other sects and systems in both theory and practice. It is concerned with removing the causes of 
disease, whereas others are content to treat the end-points of disease. In this sense it belongs in a class by itself. It is 
diametrically opposed to all other schools of healing. 

This unusual science of healing is known as the Hygienic System. It was developed a little more than a century ago in the 
United States by Isaac Jennings, M.D., Russell Thacker Trail, M.D., and Sylvester Graham. These three men presented their 
new concepts of health and disease in a wide array of publications. These include: 

Medical Reform, Philosophy of Human Life and of Tree Life, or Human Degeneracy, Its Nature and Remedy, is Based on the 
Elevating Principles of Orthopathy, By Dr. Jennings; The Hygienic System, Hydropathic Encyclopedia, the Hygienic Handbook, 
Sexual Physiology, Popular Physiology, Hydropathy for the People, Mother's Hygienic Handbook, Scientific Basis of 
Vegetarianism, Digestion and Dyspepsia, Diseases of the Throat and Lungs, The Alcoholic Controversy, Hydropathic 
Cookbook, Illustrated Family Gymnasium and others by Dr. Trail; and Health from Diet and Exercise, Nature's Own Book and 
Lectures on the Science of Human Life by Sylvester Graham. These publications were the foundations of early hygienic 
practice. They also provided a basis for the future development of the Hygienic System. 

After the death of Jennings, Trail and Graham, others took up the cause and development of the Hygienic System. They 
established a number of sanatoriums through America where they carried on the work of applying the hygienic methods in the 
treatment of the disease. The knowledge gained from this experience formed the basis for a new array of publications which 
were released intermittently up to the present day. The subjects treated reflect the progress of the expanding school of the 
Hygienic System. Included among these sequelae are: How to Treat the Sick Without Drugs, Hygienic Medication or Science 
Versus Speculation and Nature's Method of Curing the Sick by James C. Jackson, M.D.; The Nutritive Cure, Hygienic 
Hydropathy, Exact Science of Health, Life's Great Law, Philosophy of Health Reform, A Defense of Hygienic Treatment, How 
Sick People are Cured, and Drug Medicines as Causes of Disease by Robed Walter, M.D.; The Bible of Nature, Body and 
Mind, Physical Education, and Fasting, Hydrotherapy and Exercise, by Felix L. Oswald; Paralysis and Other Affections of the 
Nerves, and An Exposition of the Swedish Movement Cure by George H. Taylor: Life and Health or the Laws and Means of 
Physical Culture by William A. Alcott, M.D.; Drugless Medicine by Sussana W. Dodds, M.D.; The Natural Cure by Charles E. 



Page; How Nature Cures and Natural Cure of Consumption by Emmet Densmore; The No-Breakfast and Fasting Cure and The 
True Science of Living by Edward Hooker Dewey, M.D.; The Genesis and Control of Disease by George S. Weger, M.D.; 
Criticism of the Practice of Medicine, Impaired Health, and Toxemia Explained by John H. Tilden, M.D.; and The Hygienic 
System (seven volumes) by Herbert M. Shelton. These works, only a fraction of those which have been published, have 
exerted a great influence in developing the Hygienic System to it present one as an eminent science of life. Most of these 
publications are now out of print; and of the authors, only, Herbert M. Shelton is still living. 

Though the Hygienic System originated well over a century ago, it has taken until now for it to develop into its position as a truly 
scientific way of life. In its modern phase it is the product of the accumulated knowledge acquired by hygienists throughout the 
last century. It was never discovered as such, but simply developed year by year through continued experience and 
observation. The Hygienic System of the nineteenth century was obviously not as efficacious as that of today. It had the same 
basic premises but its practical application had yet to be perfected. In fact, it can still be improved. However, we have gone 
most of the way. Splendid health, both in youth and into extended old age, is now possible. The Hygienic System has scored a 
major victory in bringing the world a true science. 

Since the time of Jennings, Trail and Graham the Hygienic System has been the victim of many attacks. Its exponents have 
always been called faddists and quacks. Many of them have served prison sentences and have been heavily fined for 
employing the hygienic methods in the treatment of disease. Others have been mobbed while making lectures. The uprisings 
were usually inspired by commercial enterprises which saw in the Hygienic System a danger to their vested interests. 

Medical "science" has been particularly active in fighting this science of healing. It has always referred to hygienists as quacks, 
and has frequently prevented them from practicing. However, it has never made any official investigations to determine the 
results of hygienic practice. Medical practice saw in the Hygienic System, as did other commercial enterprises, a danger to its 
financial interests. This has no doubt been partly responsible for its antagonistic attitude. Had hygienic practice been 
commercially profitable, it might have been absorbed into medical practice. 

There are no hygienic practitioners who have been trained as such. The only hygienists are medical or drugless physicians 
who have dropped the practices of their profession and taken up those of the Hygienic System. Dr. Trail established the only 
college which trained students to be hygienists, and it lasted only a short time. It did not establish the Hygienic System as a 
profession, but rather conferred the degree M.D., upon graduation. As a legalized profession the Hygienic System has never 
had any real existence. The hygienist has always had to practice under the guise of medicine, chiropractic, or some other 
"healing art." 

This state of affairs is undesirable because it limits the number of hygienists to a very small figure. However, it does not prevent 
the majority of people from making a practical application of the Hygienic System. This science of health differs from all others 
in the sense that its employment usually does not require professional supervision. Its simplicity and safety make it an effective 
tool in the hands of the layman. A professional status would be valuable chiefly for research and educational purposes. Once 
the knowledge of the Hygienic System became widespread it would (with rare exceptions) be self-applied. The present need 
for a large number of professional hygienists would then disappear. The profession would remain, but only on a very small 
scale. 

The Hygienic System exerts no more influence today than it did a century ago. In fact, its present position is that of near 
oblivion. This is no reflection on its value, however. The reaction time of important discoveries often extends into hundreds of 
years. Custom and tradition are too strong to permit the immediate practical application of the Hygienic System on a nationwide 
scale. Even an investigation at the present time is too much to hope for. 

The hygienic literature of the last century (only a part of which has been mentioned here) is not the last word in science. It is 
not entirely free from the preconceived judgment which has contaminated the greater portion of all preserved writings. This is 
freely admitted. Nevertheless, if we take from this literature only the facts which are based upon experiment, experience and 
observation, and combine these with the knowledge coming from other sources, we will possess a health science of 
unquestioned value. We may then have the Hygienic System in its pure unstained form, free from the eternal truths of 
philosophic reasoning, and based on the proven facts of modern science. 

It is the purpose on the following pages to describe in detail all the phases of the Hygienic System. These are described in their 
logical order, which, if followed, permit the most thorough understanding. The Hygienic System. As hereinafter described, is not 
just another healing art: it is the only true science of healing, the only hope the sick may have. 

Salubrious Living - 03 

The Hygienic System: Origin and Development of the Only Scientific Health 
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Salubrious Living - 04 

The Nature of Disease: How The Body Heals Itself 

From the earliest of times humans have had various misconceptions as to the cause and nature of disease. But always 
humans have believed that disease consisted of an entity that "invaded" or "attacked" the body. Always humans have regarded 
disease as some sort of evil entity preying upon them. They have never known just how disease attacks the body; they have 
just assumed that to be the case. Primitive humans thought that perhaps the evil force was in the form of spirits. Modern 
humans attribute the evil force to germs and/or viruses. But both concepts are essentially the same. They are founded on the 
idea that disease is "wrong action" and hence must be driven out of the body. This concept unleashed a war against the 
"invading enemy" that ever consumes greater and greater human resources. 

With the birth of the Hygienic System there arose a new view of disease, one that was radically divergent from those which 
preceded it. This view considers disease to be an intrinsic body force which develops because there is a need for it. Those who 
formulated this outlook did not speak of disease as attacking the body. They did not speak of the supposed need of ousting an 
invading enemy. They did not, as did the medical practitioners of the time, speak of vanquishing evil spirits that had unjustly 
attacked a person. Rather, the Hygienists regarded disease as essential to the body action that is constructive and helpful. To 
the hygienist disease is "right action" developed by the body itself in the best interest of human functions. Therefore the action 
was to be cooperated with rather than warred upon. 

When Dr. Jennings first gave this new conception it was greeted with much skepticism and condemnation by medical and 
drugless physicians alike. However, when the practice based upon the concept proved so thoroughly successful; when this 
new practice gained a record of efficiency not even hoped for by the schools of "curing", the skepticism and condemnation, at 
least among some physicians, disappeared. For they joined in its practice. Thus a true hygienic movement was born. The 
former theories of "wrong action" became demonstrably erroneous. As a hypothesis and doctrine the "evil force" concept lost 
much ground. The Hygienic reforms thus instituted caused the norm of health to spurt ahead. 

Hygienists have called the "right action" of disease "orthopathy" or correct action. The word first coined by Dr. Isaac Jennings 
to express his observation that "Nature is always upright - moving in the right direction". Orthopathy is the governing principle of 
all pathological conditions. It governs the trend which the physiological activities of the body take. This action invariably creates 
disease when there is need for it. It holds that disease is restorative and healing action, not a malevolent force. 

TOXEMIA 

It is not, as one might first suppose, bacteria or viruses which create the need for disease. These may exist concomitantly with 
the disease, but are never causes. Disease in general is based upon impairing morbific burdens and nutrient deficiencies. 

The concept of the body throwing off toxic burdens or morbic material was called Toxemia. Toxins are materials which, when 
found in the body in sufficient amounts, obstruct body functions and thus impair health. They are synonymous with poisons, 
waste matter or any other destructive or congesting material. Toxins vary in the degree of harm they produce. Some may be 
harmless when found in small quantities for they are the normal body waste output. But if retained they constipate and obstruct. 
Other toxins may be more virulent and produce death if found even in trace amounts. Toxemia is the presence of sufficiently 
toxic matters in the blood and tissue to interfere with the functioning power of any part of the body. The body-instituted crisis to 
eliminate this toxic burden is called disease. 

There is a certain quantity of toxins in the body at all times, even during an optimum state of health. The activity of cells, which 
includes the assimilation of food as well as their metabolic actions, and the constant building and destruction of new cells is 
productive of wastes which are toxic if not eliminated. Under normal conditions, when the mode of living is proper and 
elimination is efficient and sufficient the toxic wastes of cellular activity do not collect in amounts sufficient to interfere with body 
functions. But if elimination is checked then toxic wastes collect in such amounts as to impair body functions. It is then that the 
body initiates the crisis born of toxemia. This is what Hygienists called disease. 

The end products of metabolism are considered the chief sources of toxemia, though there are other sources which also 
deserve mention. One of these is the excessive decomposition of foods due to fermentation and putrefaction in the intestinal 
tract. This decomposition always produces toxins when unsuitable foods or unphysiologic combinations of foods are eaten. 
Under adverse conditions, including the presence of highly fermentable and putrescible foods, the intestinal tract becomes a 
seething cesspool of toxic materials. 

Then, too, toxins are ingested into the body in forms of drugs, serums, vaccines, impure air and food, etc. Medical treatment is 
often a major source of toxins. Modern foods often contain toxic substances. The body may eliminate them before they do 
harm or they may be absorbed by the blood and interfere with normal body activities. Thus the body may be overwhelmed by 
toxic loads which thus become a source for disease. Also it must be noted that toxins from impure air enter the lungs and are 
taken up by the blood and add to the toxic burden. 



Organic toxemia is given much attention by some hygienists but it is always secondary to the toxemia which originates from 
faulty elimination of the waste products of metabolism, the excessive decomposition of foods in the digestive tract, and the 
ingestion of toxic matters. Organs which have become overburdened with toxic matters can't function and thus cause the body 
to institute a crisis. The resulting emergency action of the body to purge the affected organ results in "feverish activity". This 
extraordinary attention to an affected organ is called organic toxemia, actually a little used term. We know of the crisis as an 
"itis" or an "infection". A toxic crisis is the basis for what we call disease. 

Closely related to toxemia is enervation (lowered nerve force also known as nervous exhaustion). If elimination is to function 
effectively there must be an adequate supply of nerve force. When nerve force is lowered, the eliminative powers are also 
lowered. This in turn puts the body behind in its housekeeping chores. Toxic accumulation thus results which again causes a 
further reduction in nerve energy. The result is a vicious cycle in which toxic matters progressively accumulate until a state of 
toxemia exists - a crisis point in which the body disables itself and devotes all its remaining fund of energy to the elimination of 
the impairing toxic load. 

NUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES 

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are also closely related to toxemia. A diet containing all the essential elements of nutrition is 
necessary if the nerves are to be properly fed and function at a high level. Without sufficient amount of needed nutrients, body 
functions are impaired for want of them, thus giving rise to enervation and toxemia. The body cells cannot adequately dispose 
of the end products of metabolism if they are not given an adequate supply of nutritive components. If they are malnourished, 
they become enfeebled and permit end products of their metabolism to be retained. That toxemia occurs during such an event 
is best known by the fact the so-called deficiency diseases, including anemia and tooth decay recover far more quickly on a 
fast than when proper diet is instituted. The deficiencies obviously do. 

DISEASE -A NEEDED FRIEND 

It is not toxemia and nutritional deficiencies in themselves which constitute disease. Rather, it is the attempt of the body to 
correct these conditions, or, if this is impossible, adapt to them that is called disease. The first is usually the case in acute 
disease; the last is often the case in chronic disease. Acute illness is essentially a progress of toxic elimination. As the toxins 
are eliminated, assimilation is improved. The elements of foods are utilized more effectively as the body becomes freed from its 
toxic overload. Along with this increased freedom from toxic materials is a general restorative process. The body attempts to 
restore body functions to normal when the impairing factors are eliminated. The disease is always a body crisis and is directed 
in the best interests of itself. 

Inflammation is typical in most disease. It occurs in those tissues which are irritated by accumulated toxic material. 
Inflammation is fundamentally a part of the eliminative procedure. It is a violent attempt by the tissue to eliminate the toxins 
which are interfering with the normal activities. "Itis" means inflammation. Thus appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix; 
tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchial tubes; peritonitis is inflammation of the 
peritoneum, and colitis is inflammation of the colon. The "itis" is simply the suffix which is attached to the name of an organ to 
indicate that it is inflamed - actually engorged with blood and fluids in a feverish effort to remove toxic burdens. 

Fever as a general body condition is likewise of a constructive nature. It arises because there is a definite need for it. It is an 
attempt by the body to eliminate toxins and restore functions to normal. 

BACTERIA 

The role of bacteria in the production of disease is a very minor one. Bacteria are never the primary cause; in fact, they usually 
arise on the scene after the disease has already developed. The general character and toxicity of the various bacteria depend 
chiefly upon their environment. The most harmless bacteria may become virulent and toxic when placed in certain 
environments. On the other hand, the most "dangerous" and virulent bacteria become harmless when placed in a non-toxic 
environment. The mocrococcus tretagenus, for instance, has, under laboratory observation, changed into fifteen distinct forms 
when its food supply was changed at periodic intervals. Germs are scavengers. They live upon dead matter. Truly healthy 
tissue is not subject to so-called bacterial attacks. Only after the cells are poisoned out of existence do bacteria come upon the 
scene. 

Millions of healthy people now living harbor the germs of diphtheria, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and other so-called infectious 
diseases. Likewise, a large percentage of people develop these diseases in complete absence of the germs which supposedly 
cause them. These facts shake the germ theory of disease causation to its very foundation. We find diseases occurring in the 
absence of their supposed cause and the supposedly causative germs existing without causing their respective diseases. We 
have the equivalent of causeless effects and effectless causes. The entire germ theory of disease hinges on the borders of 
occultism and metaphysics. It is as far divorced from science as is palmistry, astrology and mystic philosophy. Thus it is that 
medical minds are more and more gravitating to the "virus" concept of disease causation. Actually this, too, is pure voodooistic 



ignorance. 

Even if it were assumed, for the sake of argument, that bacteria caused disease, we could not consider them enemies of life 
and health. Their action under such conditions could only be that of inciting crises of elimination. In doing this they would be 
acting as friends, not enemies. If bacteria hasten elimination, let us have more of them. They would be unlikely to produce 
disease in the absence of toxemia and if no toxemia were present, they would cooperate with the body - the body and bacteria 
live in a symbiotic partnership. Of course, in the presence of a toxic environment, bacteria produce toxins. This is a 
complicating factor in disease. In this sense bacteria would be anything but helpful. However, their power of inciting disease in 
a clean healthy body is still non-existent. They still could not be considered a primary cause of disease. 

The Hygienic System then rejects the germ theory of disease causation. It bases its practice upon the principle of correct body 
action in disease. Its aim in all cases of disease is to cooperate with the body in this action; its aim is to create the conditions 
under which the body can best conduct its right action. 

With an understanding of the nature of disease we must seek to avoid, eradicate and reject its causes. We must determine the 
influences and factors of health and cultivate these. If Hygiene can succeed in this and make a practical application of its 
findings, disease will become a thing of the past. Disease will be a friend whom we no longer need. 

The causes of toxemia are numerous. Fortunately, we do not have to determine them. We need only to adopt our correct 
human dietary, expose our bodies to the sun as needed, breathe fresh pure air, get adequate rest and sleep, ingest only pure 
water, maintain emotional equilibrium - in short, we must observe the essential influences and factors of health. If we carefully 
cultivate health practices we, as with animals, will instinctively shun the causes of toxemia which bring on crises of disease. If 
we live healthfully we will enjoy freedom from disease. We will have superb health and what it begets: a long life and prolonged 
youth. 

Salubrious Living - 04 

The Nature of Disease: How The Body Heals Itself 



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Salubrious Living - 05 

The Foods of Civilization: How Modern Foods Build Diseases Rather Than Health 

The most important single thing we do is eat. Food is not important just because it affords us enjoyment. Its real value consists 
in supplying us with the proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and other nutrient factors we need in order to live. 
However, all foods are not the same; some supply these materials in the proper proportions but others do not. Whereas one 
food may assist in building a strong healthy body, another can be a source of toxemia which begets disease. It is not entirely 
true that "you are what you eat" but there is more truth in this statement than most people realize. Food plays the major role in 
determining the health of the body. If you suffer toxemia and deficiency you may be sure that incorrect selection of food has 
been chiefly responsible. If, on the other hand, you possess vibrant health with great strength, endurance and an abundance of 
energy year-in year-out, you are no doubt one of the few who has endeavored to make a practical application of food science. 

The foods which will be discussed here are those which distinguish the diets employed by civilized races from those employed 
by primitive peoples. They are strictly the foods of modern civilization. The discussions will center chiefly upon the nutrient 
contents of foods, together with their tendencies to produce toxemia. Thus their relation to disease will become readily 
apparent. You will be able to determine the place, if any, they should have in your diet. 

SALT 

The role played by salt in the modern diet is a pernicious one. A few decades ago its use was confined chiefly to cooked foods, 
especially meat. However, now people put it on nearly all foods. Even raw fruits and vegetables such as apples, tomatoes, 
melons, grapefruit, celery and onions are frequently salted. As a result, the body gets a huge load of this salt. And what is most 
objectionable, the body gets salt in its inorganic form which makes it unusable for all forms of animal life. 

A key objection to salt is the fact that it interferes with the normal digestion of foods. Pepsin, an enzyme found in the 
hydrochloric acid of the stomach, is essential for the digestion of proteins. When salt is used, only about half as much pepsin is 
secreted as would otherwise be the case. Obviously under such conditions, digestion of protein food is incomplete or too slow. 
The result is excessive putrefaction of the protein which, in many instances, causes digestive distress. 

It is a well known fact among hygienists who have traced the cause of edema to its source that salt is chiefly responsible for the 
disease. Salt creates edema because it irritates the tissues - water logging is a defensive action of the body to hold the salt in a 
weaker solution thus protecting the tissues from damage. In many cases the edema disappears shortly after the use of salt is 
discontinued. The edema itself serves a physiological need - that of preventing strong salt contact with the cells which it 
damages. 

It is frequently claimed that the salt is essential for the support of life. However, there is no information available to substantiate 
this viewpoint. The truth is that entire races (primitive), use absolutely no salt today and have not used it throughout their entire 
history. If salt were essential these races would have become extinct long ago. The fact that they are not only quite alive but 
possess far better health than other races would seem to indicate that the supposed "necessity" of salt is a commercially 
inspired invention or purely the product of the imagination. 

Nearly everyone has heard stories of wild animals searching for salt licks. However, with rare exceptions, these stories have no 
factual basis. A big game hunter who spends much of his time where wild life is abundant would indeed be surprised to find 
animals using salt licks. It is to be acknowledged that a few wild animals occasionally use them in the few locales that have 
them. But this is so rare as not to be even worthy of consideration. The deer is one of the few animals which has been seen 
using salt and even is this case we find that most deer living near such licks do not do so. Most of the deer and animal 
population do not live anywhere near salt licks. Animal use of salt appears to be an abnormality just as with humans. Most 
animals refuse salt when it is offered to them. And many animals die a quick death if they ingest salt. 

There has been a great deal of propaganda in recent years about the advisability of using salt in hot weather. The claim is 
made that the body loses much salt in perspiration, and that this must be replaced by consuming additional amounts of salt. 
Otherwise great weakness and inability to continue normal activities supposedly result. Hence factory workers are advised to 
take salt tablets in hot weather. Those who do not use the tablets are said to become listless and their work is not up to par. 
The exact motive behind all of these claims is not clear. However, it certainly cannot be in the interests of those who are to use 
the salt. The most toxic reactions often follow the use of salt tablets. Often the factory workers become quite ill after using 
them. Vomiting and indigestion appear to be the most common after effects - body rejection of an unwelcome and unneeded 
substance. And as for enabling one to stand the heat better, it is not agreed that they do this. Some claim fantastic benefits, 
whereas others claim the salt tablets have no apparent effect on the ability of the workers to withstand the heat. The fact that 
many primitive tribes of the tropics, using no salt, are not bothered by the heat, while the salt-eating white people do nothing 
but complain of it, seems to indicate that some commercial motive lies behind the "eat more salt in hot weather" campaign. 

People undoubtedly would not eat salt if they were never taught to do so in the first place. Likewise, once they have developed 



the habit they must be taught not to use it. The desire for salt is acquired. When salt is eliminated from the diet for a short time 
the craving for it ceases. It is only during the first few weeks or months after the salt is discontinued that it is really missed. After 
that salt becomes repulsive to the taste. 

REFINED SUGAR 

Prior to the latter years of the nineteenth century nearly all sugar was used in its brown, unrefined condition. It was 
manufactured on sugar cane plantations and shipped directly to the market. Then came the rise of the refineries. A plan was 
conceived to prejudice the public against brown sugar so as to enable the refiners to gain a profit on all the sugar that was 
produced. If the demand for refined sugar could be created, the producers would be literally forced to ship their raw material 
through the hands of refiners. 

In 1898 the advertising campaign began. The word was spread from coast to coast that brown sugar contained "disgusting 
insects" which produced "disgusting disease". A picture of the insect magnified 200 times was placed on each advertisement. It 
was a dreadful looking creature described as a cross between a lizard and a louse. The ruse worked very effectively. 
Housewives became horrified at the thought of using brown sugar. The demand for refined, "pure" sugar was created almost 
overnight. 

The invention of the lizard-louse monster has indirectly, done much to lower the level of public health and raise the number of 
diabetic patients in America to a stupendous number. During the refining process sugar cane is, melted, treated with lime, 
clarified, decolorized in cylinders filled with bone-black, crystallized through evaporation and thence granulated. The result is a 
product which is thoroughly devitaminized and demineralized. It contains almost none of the vital elements which are essential 
for health and life. Even were it whole sugar with a full complement, the fact that it must be created through cooking, processes 
make it unfit for human consumption. 

There is nothing wrong with sugar as such. Our sweet tooth is natural. The body needs and should have the greater part of its 
carbohydrates in the forms of sugar. 

However, it does not require the refined forms of sugars, and syrups as in modern commerce. Sugars should be taken in their 
natural state as they are then combined with an abundance of vitamins and minerals. Raw sugar cane and fresh ripe fruits 
provide sugars in their finest forms. They are health-building foods as created by Nature. They meet the body's natural craving 
for sweets. 

White refined sugar must take its place as a major source of disease. It simply burdens the body with so much dead carbon, 
utterly devoid of vitalizing principles needed by every human being. It is thus harmful for what it does not do, rather that for 
what it does do. The purpose of food is to nourish the body, not only with protein, fats or carbohydrates, but also with minerals 
and vitamins. Food which does not meet this purpose is deficient; when used to any, great extent it does not furnish a full 
component of body needs. Applying this criterion to refined sugar we find a food which fails completely, one which is incapable 
of meeting the most important dietary requirements. Sugar not only is deficient but robs the body of the nutrients necessary to 
metabolize and handle it. 

PASTEURIZED MILK 

Pasteurized milk is another denatured food. It is in such common use today that it is taken for granted that there can be nothing 
wrong with it. Physicians, nutritionists and home economists all recommend it. The first thing the youngster learns in his 
hygiene class in school is that he should never touch raw milk. He is told of the great discovery of pasteurization and how it 
prevents disease. After receiving the same information in his later education he ceases to question the value of pasteurization. 
He regards it as something which was proven correct long ago. 

The purpose of pasteurization is to kill bacteria. No one need question its ability to do this. But is this germdestroying power so 
valuable after all? And are the germs all that is destroyed by pasteurization? Indeed, if we consider the actual results of using 
pasteurized milk we must give a negative answer to these questions. For these results are not something to be desired. 

Most animals beyond the weaning age will not drink milk. Those that do do not thrive on pasteurized milk. This has been 
repeatedly shown in many experiments. White rats, the chief experimental animals, attain better health when given raw milk. 
Kittens generally become ill and die when given nothing but pasteurized milk. Their rate of growth is far slower than that 
obtained from the use of the raw product. In the animal experiments thus far conducted there seems to be no exception to this 
rule: raw milk is superior to pasteurized milk in promoting general good health and rapid growth. 

Humans react much the same way to raw and pasteurized milk as do the lower animals. All other factors being equal, people 
who use raw milk generally have fewer diseases than do those who use pasteurized milk. The death rate is usually highest in 
those cities in which pasteurized milk is used. In the three largest hospitals in Toronto, Canada, there was a sharp increase in 
the death rate after the use of raw milk was forbidden. The incidence of rickets rose 100% in Baltimore, Maryland when 
pasteurized milk replaced raw milk as a food for the infants in that city. These facts, in themselves are not proof that milk 



should not be pasteurized, but are certainly evidence against its use. 

Taking into account entire races, we find that those who possess the best physical development use no milk at all! And where 
raw milk is used instead of pasteurized milk, physical development is superior. It is especially noteworthy that they usually do 
not develop the very diseases which the bacteria in raw milk supposedly cause. Tuberculosis is considered in medical quarters 
to be due quite often to the use of raw milk. But there are many isolated groups of people in the tropics as well as in temperate 
zone who have always used raw milk and they do not develop tuberculosis. Whereas almost all cases of tuberculosis develop 
among users of pasteurized milk. Even if raw milk should contain some so-called disease germs, this would not be sufficient 
reason for rejecting it. The germs of raw milk, if they ever incite disease, do so only in individuals whose condition is such that 
the disease is required to restore normal function. 

The real objection to pasteurized milk is that it has lost some of the vital elements which were originally present. Pasteurization 
is a destructive process. It destroys germs and with them it destroys enzymes and vitamins and deranges other nutrients. 
Calcium is made more difficult to assimilate by the body. The chief vitamin which is partially or entirely lost in pasteurization is 
vitamin C. This is acknowledged by all authorities, but the claim is made that this lost vitamin C can be replaced by adding 
orange juice to the diet. But certainly better health can be obtained by getting this vitamin from both milk and orange juice than 
from orange juice only. We are not interested in getting just enough vitamin C to prevent the recognizable signs of deficiency 
disease. For optimum health we need more than the so-called minimum requirements of the vitamins supplied by a few 
"protective" foods. All our foods should be "protective" in the sense that they supply an abundance of nutrients. Supplying these 
vital elements in adequate amounts is something that the pasteurized milk does not do. 

The use of pasteurized milk gives modern dairymen a sense of false security. They feel they can take milk from unhealthy 
cows, handle it carelessly in unclean surroundings, and then make it safe by pasteurizing it. Nothing can offset the improper 
care of dairy cattle. Modern dairy methods involve feeding cattle upon a forcing diet consisting largely of high protein foods to 
stimulate milk production, keeping them in sunless barns and poisoning them with tuberculin and other injections. Cattle need 
fresh air, plenty of sunshine and an abundance of fresh growing grass. Given these, they will produce good milk, and the milk 
will remain good if it is allowed to retain its vital elements by not being pasteurized. 

Humans are best off if they never touch cow's milk, raw or otherwise. Even infants should not be taking cow's milk except 
where human milk is not at all available. 

REFINED GRAIN PRODUCTS 

The considerations hereinafter cited are overridden by one salient consideration: Humans are not in any sense graminivores. 

The primary foods of most civilizations today are white bread and other products made from white flour. In America these foods 
are used at virtually every meal. White bread is called the "staff of life" and white flour is considered good, nutritious food. 
Highly recommended by most physicians, these products are used extensively in all hospitals. 

One of the most important discoveries in the field of scientific nutrition has been that white flour is almost completely devoid of 
vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrient factors. It is, properly speaking, a "dead" food. Products made from white flour 
can in no sense be called health foods. They simply burden the body with a lot of constipating paste which lacks the vital 
elements necessary to good health. Worse yet, the body must surrender much of its vital nutrients to the process of 
metabolization in order to make use of white flour. 

The whole grain of wheat is far more desirable and contains many vitamins and minerals. But modern humans rarely use bread 
and cereals made from whole grains. First the outer hulls of wheat are removed. This removes much of its vitamins, minerals 
and roughage. This outer hull is either thrown away or given to domesticated animals as their food. Then the germ of wheat is 
removed. This takes away one of the richest known sources of vitamin E. The wheat is further refined, and when the refining 
process is complete nearly all the minerals and vitamins have been removed. The flour is then used in making bread. Millers 
and bakers often add to the flour, bread and cereals two or three of the some twenty five nutrients which were originally 
removed. They then have the gall to call the products "enriched" whereas they are actually still very much impoverished. 
Worse, the "enrichment" comes in synthetic and inorganic forms which, instead of being nutritious, is poisonous. 

Commercial white flour products are more than foodless foods. They are often primary sources of harmful toxins and 
ingredients of questionable value, such as powdered gelatin, gelatinized starch, propionic acids, plastic cream, starch "fillers", 
artificial coloring, fruit acid substitutes, blueing, unclean coconut oil, adultered canned egg yolks and gum acacia. Even the 
tests drugs, phenolphthalein, has been found in white flour products. Most commercial bakeries are not sources of healthful 
foods. They still regard the use of healthful ingredients as both unprofitable and unnecessary. The orthodox nutritional scientist 
often apologizes for the baker's production of white bread on the grounds that the whole grain product often becomes infested 
with worms and bugs. As Prof. E.V. McCollum remarks: "There are good and sound commercial reasons why most people 
should eat white bread - It is safest and most economical to transport the refined white flour and get it to the consumer in the 
form of bread than it is if whole wheat flour were used, since the latter tends to spoil more readily.". The lower forms of animal 



life do not infest white flour and white bread because these foods do not support them. They need live foods rich in minerals, 
vitamins and other nutrients in order to live. And humans are no exceptions to this rule. We are no more capable of being well 
nourished on white flour products than are the lowly vermin. 

Many people are mislead by the soft, pale, anemic-looking so-called whole wheat bread now seen in many markets. Such 
bread is rarely composed entirely of whole wheat flour and is certainly not free from the harmful ingredients found in white flour 
products. Tests of such breads have shown that it often contains as little as 30 per cent whole wheat flour, the remainder being 
white flour. 

White rice generally undergoes the same treatment as does wheat. Brown, unrefined rice is a good source of vitamins and 
minerals but the white refined rice used in civilized nations is a devitalized food. Its outer hull, in which is found most of the vital 
elements, has been removed. The remaining product is too low in vitamin and mineral content to be considered a healthful 
food. 

CONDIMENTS 

Condiments form an unwholesome part of most modernized diets. They are not health-building foods, for they not only lack a 
wide variety of vitamins and minerals, but are highly irritating to both the digestive tract and the blood vessels. In fact it is the 
irritating and stimulating qualities which we seek in condiments. 

In order to protect themselves from condiments, the blood vessels harden and thicken, producing a disease known as 
atherosclerosis. Mustard is particularly objectionable in this respect. When it is added to the diet of animals the blood vessels 
begin to harden within a few months. Experiments with rabbits have shown that another condiment, pepper, has a tendency to 
produce a shortened life span, hardening of the liver, congestion of the kidneys and degeneration of cells. Many condiments, 
including horseradish, are mixed with vinegar. In such cases it is doubly wise to abstain from them, for both are injurious. 

COFFEE, TEA AND COCOA 

Coffee is used largely for its stimulant effect. However, it is this characteristic which is objectionable. The excessive stimulation 
resulting from coffee-drinking is, in the end, weakening, as any excessive stimulation must be. The eventual depression is 
always equivalent to the original amount of stimulation. 

Caffeine is the poison found in coffee. Used in small doses it is not likely to produce immediate death. Rather, it acts as a slow 
poison. Caffeine is a cause of heart disease, ulcers and high blood pressure and probably contributes as a cause of many 
other diseases. Heart pains have often disappeared after the elimination of coffee from the diet. Ulcers can be produced at will 
in white rats by giving the animals enough caffeine. Blood pressure has been known to drop as much as twenty points when 
the use of coffee was stopped. These facts speak for themselves. They show quite clearly that coffee cannot build health. It 
can, on the contrary destroy health. 

Tea impairs health because of both its theine and tannic acid content. Theine is essentially the same poisonous alkaloid as 
caffeine. Tannic acid has the reputation of producing constipation because of its astringent action. It is also said to render the 
digestive juices inert. However, its most objectionable feature is that it tends to destroy some cells and induce a rapid rate of 
division and multiplication of other cells. It should be remembered in this connection that rapid cell division and multiplication is 
a common symptom of cancer. Mothers who feel they should not give their children coffee often give them cocoa instead. They 
undoubtedly have good intentions but as far as their children's health is concerned they might as well have given them coffee. 
For cocoa contains a poison called theobromine which is a poisonous alkaloid almost identical to caffeine. Animal experiments 
show that the results of these two poisons are identical, except that theobromine is fatal in smaller doses. 

ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES 

The role that alcoholic beverages play in civilization is shown by the fact that billions of dollars are spent for them annually in 
the United States, with like proportions in other civilized nations. The chief effects of alcohol, whether consumed in large or 
small doses, are germ plasma impairment with degenerative offspring, liver derangement, weakening of blood vessels, cell 
destruction, degeneration of heart tissue, with wholesale destruction of brain cells and nerve cells which results in significant 
disorganization of muscular activity. 

Alcohol never produces beneficial effects. It has only bad effects. Its supposed value as an aid to digestion is a myth. By 
partially preventing the gastric juice from combining with food, it impairs digestion. When we add to this the fact that alcohol 
interferes with the nutrition of body cells, it becomes apparent that, far from aiding the body in any way, all alcoholic beverages 
tend to lower physiological efficiency and produce disease. 

SOFT DRINKS 

The soda fountain is an established American institution. It is patronized by people of all ages, but most particularly by young 



growing children. Soft drinks such as the colas, ginger ale, orangeade, grapeade, etc. have become national beverages. Their 
great popularity makes them exert a great influence upon public health. 

Most often drinks are composed largely of refined sugar, mineral acids, artificial flavors and coal tar dyes. They rank as our 
most artificial foods, being completely devoid of natural sugars and natural fruit flavors. Their content of nutrients is nil, ranking 
them among the most unnatural of substances ingested. Some soft drinks, including the colas, contain considerable amounts 
of caffeine in addition to their other harmful ingredients. Their deleterious effects are even more pronounced than those of 
coffee. Colas provide the "pause that refreshes" because they increase stimulation, an effect of the irritation occasioned by the 
poison, caffeine. More nervous energy is used, thus lowering vitality. This adds to enervation and toxemia. 

GELATIN 

Gelatin is coming into more general use as a result of advertising which has been building it up as a strength and energy 
producer. Its assumed value in diet therapy is claimed to be due to its amino acid content. However, this claim has no factual 
basis; it is obviously founded upon commercial inspiration. 

Virtually all foods contain some amino acids and many are far better sources for them than is gelatin. Gelatin is really a poor 
source of amino acids and does not contain all of them as do most nuts and seeds. If we are going to say that gelatin is of 
therapeutic value because of its amino acids content we must regard all foods as therapeutic agents. 

Gelatin, as sold commercially today, is usually mixed with refined sugar, artificial flavoring and coloring extracts. In this form it is 
mixed with water and used as a dessert. The pure product, unmixed gelatin, is harmful enough, but the commercial, artificially 
flavored and cooked mixture is even more harmful. Deficient in vitamins and minerals and containing toxic matters besides, it 
cannot be accepted as suitable for human use. 

ICE CREAM 

Commercial ice cream may be distinguished from other ice cream in the sense that it is almost universally made from 
chemicals and inferior ingredients. These include canned milk, powdered milk, syrup, refined sugar and coloring and flavoring 
extracts. People usually think of ice cream as being composed largely of cream. However, commercial ice cream frequently 
contains as little as 7% cream and this small amount is probably pasteurized. In some cases slaughter house wastes such as 
lard and tallow are added to ice cream. If ice cream is used it should consist of fresh fruits tastefully mixed. Such ice cream is 
still far from a good food, but it would be far more desirable than the product of commercial vendors. 

CANNED FOODS 

With the great improvements during the past few decades of the technique of modern food production there has arisen the 
extensive production and use of canned foods. The housewife saw in these foods the opportunity to save considerable time 
and the manufacturer saw the opportunity for more profits. This combination has served to make the cork screw and can 
opener the two chief implements of the modern kitchen. Canned fruits and vegetables have by now largely replaced the fresh 
articles in all restaurants, cafeterias and home. They have, in fact, taken a position beside refined grain products as staple 
foods in the modern diet. 

When vegetables and meat are cooked for two or three hours, they lose the greater portion of their nutrients, and many of their 
components are turned into poisonous ash. When the vegetables are cooked under steam pressure the loss is considerable 
because of the intense application of heat. The acid fruits lose much of their vitamin C and other nutrients during the cooking 
process. However, this is just the beginning. The losses continue while the food is in storage. Most canned foods are not 
consumed for months, or years after canning. During this time their value continually deteriorates. When finally consumed they 
are, thoroughly devitalized and incapable of supplying the body with adequate amounts of the elements it needs. In addition, 
they are usually heavily salted; in the case of canned fruits, refined sugar is often used as a sweetening agent. These are in no 
sense healthful foods. They are incapable of supporting life at a high level, which permits good physical development and fine 
health. 

It is certain, upon examination of all evidence, that many of the most common foods of civilization are health destroyers rather 
than health-builders. These include all white flour products, refined cereals, condiments, salt, tea, coffee, soft drinks, refined 
rice, vinegar, refined sugar, cocoa, canned foods, fried foods, hominy, foods preserved with sulphur or benzoate of soda, lard, 
bologna, salami, pickled fish and smoked meats. Not all of these foods have been dealt with separately here, but from a 
hygienic viewpoint, they are all objectionable. They are most instrumental in producing toxemia, deficiencies and consequent 
disease. In any health building program their elimination from the diet is the first requirement. 

There are harmful foods other than those mentioned here - a multitude of them. The modernized foods are those which 
distinguish the civilized diet from the primitive diet. They are the foods we have examined. Later we shall see that some of the 
primitive diets themselves bear critical examination. Even they will be found wanting in some respects though to a far less 
extent than "civilized" foods. 



The matter of diet is best resolved by eating our biologically correct diet and ignoring everything else - rejecting it completely. 



Salubrious Living - 05 

The Foods of Civilization: How Modern Foods Build Diseases Rather Than Health 



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Salubrious Living - 06 

The Foods of Primitive Man: Why Primitives Attain Better Health and Physical 
Development Than Civilized Races 

As civilized people, we are proud of our achievements. We point to our skyscrapers, automobiles, airplanes, homes factories 
cities, etc. as evidence of our more abundant life. This is all well and good. We should be proud of these things. But we must 
also admit that we have fallen below primitive man in one respect - we are far more susceptible to disease than he is. The 
primitive is not necessarily a perfect specimen of health. His record may be below that of many undomesticated animals but he 
is better off than his civilized brother. His comparative immunity to diseases which are common in nearly all civilized societies 
deserves careful attention. 

All available evidence indicates that the better health of primitive man is the result of his dietary habits, for he succumbs to 
disease as readily as modern man when he uses a modernized diet, and he is comparatively healthy only so long as he uses 
his native foods. Our knowledge of primitive life is by no means small. Many scientists have made careful observations of 
primitive races in regard to both their physical condition and their eating and other living habits. Perhaps the most thorough 
examinations of primitive races have been made by Weston A. Price of Cleveland, Ohio, who has studied groups in Africa, 
New Zealand, South America, Northern Canada and other areas. His publications on the subject tell us a great deal. Pickerill 
made important observations of the New Zealand Maori. Orr and Gilks of England learned much while observing African tribes, 
and other scientists, anthropologists, travelers, and explorers have also been active making similar observations in various 
parts of the world. 

It will be noted that, in discussing primitive races, more attention is frequently devoted to dental caries (tooth decay) than to 
other specific diseases. One very good reason for this is that we know more about the condition of the primitive's teeth than we 
do about the condition of other parts of his body. This is especially true of the primitive races that lived in ancient times. In fact, 
our knowledge of their health is restricted chiefly to the state of their teeth and bones, for their skeletal remains (including the 
teeth of course) are usually our main guide, and obviously they cannot indicate the presence of the acute and chronic diseases 
which affect only the other parts of the body. In this connection, however, it must be remembered that good teeth are not 
always an indication of perfect health in all individual cases. But as a general rule races or other large groups of people with 
little or no dental decay are in much better physical condition and do not suffer from as many degenerative diseases as do 
those with much dental decay. 

The teeth also deserve the most careful attention because, among civilized races, tooth decay is one of the most widespread of 
the degenerative diseases. The elimination of such decay would, in itself, be a major victory. The teeth are among the most 
important body structures in relation to both health and appearance. To preserve them as long as we live should be our aim. 

THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS 

Foremost among the ancient races are the Egyptians. These people left quite a complete record regarding their diet and the 
degree to which they suffered tooth decay. The numerous mummies found in Egypt tell the complete story; indeed, they reveal 
as much about the ancient Egyptians' dietary habits as could written records, for not only the teeth but also the contents of the 
digestive tract are well preserved. 

Around 4,000 B.C. the Egyptians possessed almost perfect teeth, as is shown by the fact that no evidence of dental caries is 
found in the teeth preserved from that time. Their diet included a wide variety of meats, milk, eggs, cereals, fruits, veqetables 
and nuts. Then came a change, at least for the aristocracy. More than 500 of their skeletons, unearthed from the Ancient 
Empire Cemetery at the Gizeh Pvramids, show tooth decay in its worst forms. With the evidences of the increase in tooth 
decay of the aristocrats at this time (3,700 to 3,000 B.C.), were evidences of change in their diets - the trend was away from 
the coarser vegetables and grains. But the poor, unable to afford anything else, continued to eat their simple, natural foods. 
They continued to possess teeth free from decay and dental arches that were well formed. 

THE AMERICAN INDIANS 

Here on the North American continent we have, in addition to the evidence supplied by the Indians whose skeletal remains 
have been available for study, the evidence supplied by those living in the period since the coming of the white man to 
America. The former have given us an excellent record of the condition of their teeth in these early times; the latter, being 
available for personal observation in a wide variety of circumstances and conditions, tell the story of the changes in their 
physical condition which were brought about by the change in their living habits, especially diet. 

The marvelous physique, the strength and endurance of the American Indian in pioneer days - who has not heard of the tales 
of these? Travelers and explorers alike have given us an inspiring picture of the health of the Red Man, and the essential facts 
(perhaps not all the colorings) have been upheld and corroborated by historians and scientists. But this picture has rapidly 
faded away. No longer do we see the stalwart Indian of yesteryear. His place has been taken by the typical ailing Indian of 



today. Yes, here is a striking example (obvious to all, for it is in our midst) of the influence of modernized foods upon the 
physical condition of a primitive race. 

Among the most famous of the early Indians were the Sioux, the fearless warriors who roamed the Great Plains. Their diet was 
composed mainly of meat, not just muscle meat but the entire animal, including the organs and the blood. They also used a 
few vegetables. On such a diet they remained a strong hardy race. Examinations of the skulls of the Sioux of this time show 
that their teeth were almost 100 per cent free from decay. 

After the Sioux were placed on the reservations the picture changed. The conventional foods of modern civilization 
predominated in their diet: muscle meat, white bread, refined cereals, white sugar and coffee. Soon tooth decay, bow legs, 
sore eyes and blindness became very common. On one reservation 85% of the deaths were the result of tuberculosis or other 
respiratory diseases. Nor did it take long for this change to come about - often one generation was all that was required. The 
mighty Sioux, afraid of no foe in battle, had been defeated by a new kind of enemy - inadequate nutrition. 

The Seminole Indians of Florida experienced a decline in health similar to that of the Sioux. In fact, in many respects it is even 
more striking. Skulls from the precivilization era show one of the best records ever found of absence of dental decay - "in 
several hundred skulls not a single tooth was found to have been attacked by tooth decay," reports Dr. Price. In addition, the 
skeletons themselves showed "unusually fine physical development and freedom from joint involvements". 

The present day Seminole Indians who mingle with modern man and consume his refined foodstuffs suffer from a wide variety 
of diseases. Forty decayed teeth in every hundred is their record. They also suffer from a wide variety of degenerative 
diseases, being particularly susceptible to arthritis. On the other hand, there are isolated groups living in the Everglades and 
Cypress Swamps of Florida. They still use natural foods and their health is excellent. Tooth decay among them is only about 
four in every hundred teeth. 

Regarding the Indians who lived in the Pacific Coast areas, we know but little regarding their susceptibility to most disease. But 
we do know that they had virtually perfect teeth. In the Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., is shown a large array 
of the skulls of these Indians. Of the thousand of teeth in these skulls practically none show evidence of decay. 

Among the other Indians who have left skull and skeletons for us to examine are the Algonquins of Kentucky, the Arikara of the 
upper Missouri Valley and the various tribes of Wisconsin. Their diet varied somewhat but usually included vegetables, fruits, 
nuts and grains, together with liberal amounts of meat and in some cases, fish. 

Skulls from these groups show an excellent record of dental health, but nevertheless, tooth decay among them is somewhat 
higher than among the Sioux and the Seminoles. It is to be noted that these tribes used more grains, a fact which has been 
pointed to as a causative factor in tooth decay, when used to a very great extent and not balanced by liberal amounts of other 
foods. 

This stand is further upheld by the record of the Zuni Indians of southwestern United States whose diet consisted mainly of 
grain, especially corn, with a few vegetables and only occasionally meat when the hunting was good. They suffered from more 
tooth decay than perhaps any other Indian tribe. Fully 75 per cent of their skulls show evidences of dental caries. 

In northern Canada there are primitive Indians virtually completely isolated, as well as those who have become more or less 
civilized. In an extended trip through this region, Dr. Price found that the degree of dental decay was invariably associated with 
a similar degree of contact with civilization and its attendant consumption of modernized foods. 

Of necessity, the more isolated Indians must live mainly upon the wild animals of the chase, for the cold climate does not 
permit much else. But they do not restrict themselves to the muscle cuts of their quarry: they consume nearly all the parts of 
the animal, including the vital organs. A typical group of these Indians, when examined, displayed excellently formed dental 
arches and tooth decay of only 0.16 per cent. Of the other groups, in every instance, the more modern foods were consumed, 
the more tooth decay was present, as high as 40 per cent of the teeth being affected. 

Nor was tooth decay the only disease which followed in the wake of civilization. Arthritis, tuberculosis and other diseased 
conditions unknown to the isolated groups, were the lot of those who consumed refined foods. 

Notable too was the lessened capacity and efficiency of reproduction of the Indian woman living upon modernized foods. 
According to Dr. Davis, director of the hospital at the Indian Reservation at Brantford, Ontario, childbirth was no great problem 
or ordeal to her primitive sister. She simply took her shawl and went outside to the bush, alone or with someone, gave birth to 
the baby and returned to the cabin. But the lowered physical condition of the modernized Indian woman, who uses refined 
foods, makes maternity problems the largest proportion of cases at the hospital. Long periods of labor pains, difficult and 
painful childbirth, which often makes surgical interference necessary - such is the lot of the modernized Indian woman. 

Dr. Josef Romig, of the government hospital at Anchorage, Alaska, has noted the complete absence of malignancy among the 
primitive Indians and Eskimos. Tuberculosis is common, but experience has shown Dr. Romig that when patients come for 



treatment for this disease, the best advice he can give them is to go back to their primitive diet. When this advice is followed, 
recovery is usually the result. 

Such deterioration of health is seen repeatedly on the reservations, in the schools, etc., in Canada and Alaska. When the 
Indians depart from their primitive living habits and adopt a modern diet, they soon suffer from dental decay, tuberculosis, 
arthritis, and the long train of other diseases so evident in the civilized countries. 

Nutritionists have long been puzzled by the fact that the Indians of Northern Canada are able to prevent scurvy on a diet which 
contains so few fruits and vegetables which supply vitamin C. Meat, which forms the greater part of these people's diet 
supposedly contains no vitamin C. This also puzzled Dr. Price for a time. However, he discovered that a special effort is made 
to include in the diet of every member of the group, the adrenal glands and the second stomach of all the moose killed. Being 
exceptionally rich in vitamin C they help prevent scurvy. By using all parts of the animal the Indians are able to prevent many 
diseases which undoubtedly would otherwise develop. 

Turning to South America and the Peruvian Indians living today along the coast, in the Andes Mountains and in the Amazon 
jungles, we see that those who still use native foods possess unusually good health and excellent teeth. The great strength of 
the primitive Indians of the Andes Mountains region is almost beyond belief. They are able to carry packs weighing from 200 to 
300 pounds all day without ill effects. And they often carry such packs day after day. They are also able to endure extreme 
cold. However, among the Peruvian Indians who use modernized foods we find much disease. They are particularly 
susceptible to dental decay in its worse forms. They also do not possess the fine facial form of the primitive Indians. The latter 
is largely due to deformed dental arches. 

THE ESKIMOS 

Though most of the Eskimos in Alaska have changed their living habits, particularly their dietary habits, to conform to the 
civilizing white man's, there are some primitive isolated groups which have continued to follow their old way of living. Let us 
examine them first. 

The primitive Eskimo lives mainly upon the seal and the various kinds offish which he can obtain from Alaskan waters. During 
the short summer season he also eats berries, blossoms of certain flowers and sorrel grass, as well as kelp, storing in seal oil 
whatever quantity he can for winter use. The caribou, fish eggs, birds' eggs and ground nuts are on his menu too. 

As is the case with many other primitive races which are chiefly carnivorous, the Eskimos are not always particular about the 
state of freshness of their food. They gather large numbers of ducks' eggs in the spring, eat as many as they wish, and store 
the rest to consume whenever they please. When they are removed from the ground months later they are of course not fresh. 
But what we call "bad" means nothing to the Eskimos. Rotten eggs are delicacies to them. And this same story applies to their 
meat. They remove the fins, tails, heads and guts from fish and store these in large pits in the clay. When the process of decay 
is well advanced the Eskimos remove the clay and partake of the meat which has been transformed to a homogeneous paste. 
The putrid odor of this food brings delight to the Eskimo nose; its flavor is considered unsurpassed. 

It has been mentioned that certain of the tribes living in Northern Canada always eat the glands and the walls of the second 
stomach of the moose as a preventive of scurvy. It is interesting to note that the Eskimo likewise has an animal source of 
vitamin C - certain layers of the skin of one of the species of the whale. The organs of the large sea animals are eaten, along 
with the other portions. Seal oil is consumed liberally. 

The primitive Eskimo on his native diet does not live as long as other primitive races, he is not so well developed, and he ages 
prematurely. Such a situation is quite inevitable, considering how unbalanced his diet is. During some months no plant foods 
are available. And the consumption of old decayed flesh and eggs probably doesn't help him either. However it is worthy of 
note that the Eskimos on this defective diet is in better condition than those Eskimos who use modern foods such as white 
bread, sweetened canned foods, coffee, tea, candy, etc. The primitive Eskimo is free from a number of the degenerative 
diseases which commonly afflict civilized races and he has virtually perfect teeth. In addition to possessing almost no dental 
caries he has dental arches that are well-formed. 

The Eskimo who uses modern foods presents quite a different picture. His general health is greatly lowered, with tuberculosis 
taking a large toll. Tooth decay, unhealthy gums and poorly formed dental arches with their accompanying impairment of facial 
structure have become common to him. In the last 75 years the Eskimo population of Alaska has decreased approximately 50 
per cent, a fact which has seemed to justify the statement that few races have suffered so tragically from the influence of 
modern foods as have the Eskimos. Many fear that unless something radical is done, the extinction of this race is not far away. 

CONTEMPORARY PEOPLE OF EUROPE AND ASIA 

Next we turn to the contemporary people of Europe and Asia. First of all, in Europe we find that in several isolated areas of 
Switzerland live groups of people who abstain from the use of modernized foods. These areas include the Loetschental Valley, 
and some high valleys between Italy and the Rhone Valley. The major towns in the latter area include Grachen, Vispertimen 



and Ayer. 

About 2,000 Swiss live in the beautiful Loetschental Valley. They produce nearly all of their food and belongings locally. The 
diet of these people consists mainly of fresh milk, cheese and whole rye bread with meat about once a week. On this diet the 
people attain a high degree of immunity to disease. Not a single case of tuberculosis has ever been reported in the history of 
the Valley. 

The people of Vispertimen live on a diet similar to that used in the Loetschental Valley except that they also use the products of 
the vineyard in their diet. Tooth decay among these people is almost non-existent except in those individuals who left the town 
for a few years. The use of modern foods during that time was usually followed by dental caries. The beauty of these native 
Swiss, living upon unrefined foods, is reported by observers to be unsurpassed by any other people living in the temperate 
zone. The facial deformities of so many civilized people living upon modern foods are absent among them. 

The people in the rest of Switzerland who live upon the conventional diet of civilization attain no such immunity to disease as 
do the Swiss of the Loetschental Valley and the other isolated areas. The widespread prevalency of goiter, tooth decay and 
tuberculosis has been noted again and again by observers in Switzerland. The superior physical condition of the isolated Swiss 
as contrasted to the poor physical condition of the modernized Swiss shows quite clearly the effects of the conventional 
modern diet. 

The lower peasant classes in the Balkans have long been known to possess better health than do Americans and other 
civilized people. (Changes in their dietary and other living habits during World War 1 1 may be expected to make a difference.) 
They generally live longer and have better teeth. In each of these cases few modernized foods are used, the staple foods being 
black bread, milk and milk products with fruits and vegetables eaten regularly. 

The state of health of these folk, after they come to America and consume our modernized foods, rapidly deteriorates. Doctors, 
social workers and nutritionists in our large cities are impressed with the fact that within a very few years tooth decay and other 
diseases are very common among them. Dr. H.P. Cross found that 96 per cent of the children immigrating from southern 
Europe to this country had fairly sound teeth. But after they had lived here only a few years he noticed their teeth had already 
begun to decay, in some cases to an alarming extent. That the increased tooth decay was the result of the use of more modern 
foods is a conclusion which must be regarded as most probable. 

However, even the peasants of the Balkans and Italy, using some, though not many refined foods, are not as healthy as the 
isolated Swiss, who use no such foods. Truly the isolated Swiss can offer inspiration to their less healthy neighbors; they are 
the strongest and most beautiful race in Europe today. 

In studying Asia we see that the really primitive groups of that continent are chiefly the tribes of the sub-tropical regions, 
especially of India. Here the Sikh, Pathan, Mahratt, Hunza, Bengali, Madrassi and other races give us examples of the results 
of different types of diets. 

Of all these races, none equal the Hunza and isolated groups of the Himalaya Mountains as far as strength, endurance and 
freedom from disease are concerned. The Hunza have frequently been called the healthiest of all peoples. They live 
extraordinarily long lives and preserve a youthful appearance far longer than do civilized races. At the age of 80 the men still 
play polo, one of their favorite sports. They think nothing of walking 60 miles a day. 

Accidental lesions, senile cataracts and granular eyelids are among the few diseases which afflict the Hunza. The common 
diseases of civilization are entirely absent or occur so seldom as to merit no important attention. This unusually high immunity 
to disease, combined with perfect physical development and lifelong vigor, has made the Hunza a source of interest among the 
scientists ever since they were first examined by Sir Robert McCarrison, the former director of British Medical Service in India, 
during the early part of this century. 

The diet of the Hunza deserves much attention in the search for reasons for his excellent health. The fact that his diet is 
entirely devoid of modernized foods indicates that superior nutrition is probably the responsible agent. Fruits (especially sun- 
dried apricots), vegetables, whole grains (wheat, barley and maize), milk, butter and a little goat's meat are the only foods 
used. The diet is really a simple one, consisting of foods eaten in a largely unchanged condition while they are still fresh and 
consequently in possession of an abundance of vitamins and minerals. 

McCarrison also lived for a considerable period among certain of the isolated races in the remote parts of the Himalayas. The 
story here was similar to that found in the state of Hunza. During the span of nine years' association with these people, 
McCarrison observed no cases of dyspepsia, appendicitis, mucous colitis or cancer. The chief medical assistance he found 
necessary to provide consisted of treating strangulated hernias and ubiquitous parasites. The common civilized diseases were 
absent or very rare occurrences. The people possessed perfect physiques, were unusually fertile, lived to great ages and 
preserved the characters of youth into their advanced years. The diet employed here was similar to that used by the Hunza 
except that it contained eggs instead of goat's meat. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains and milk were eaten in all cases. 



The other races of Northern India which have been noted for their fine physical development are the Sikhs, Pathans, and 
Mahrattas. Whereas these people are tall, strong, and highly resistant to disease, their neighbors to the south in Bengali and 
Madrassi are weak, toneless, supine, poorly developed and very susceptible to all types of disease. The proportions of specific 
diseases in Madrassi to those in the Punjab region of North India (inhabited by the Sikhs, Pathan and Mahrattas) run as 
follows: peptic ulcer, 58 to 1 ; tuberculosis, 2 to 1; leprosy, 10to 1; beri-beri, 100 to 1; rheumatism, 5 to 1; cancer, 3 1/2 to 1; 
rickets, 4 to 1 ; diabetes, 3 to 1 ; mental diseases, 3 to 1 ; heart disease, 4 to 1 ; nephritis, 1 to 1 ; round worms, 20 to 1 ; diarrhea 
and dysentery, 2 to 1 ; and malnutritional diseases (excepting beri-beri), 2 to 1 . When these figures are averaged together we 
find that, on the average, the Madrassi is afflicted with about six times as much disease as are his neighbors to the North. 
When we consider that the Madrassi are afflicted with no more disease than the people of England and Wales and that 
Americans are only a little better off than the Englishman, the excellent condition of the races of the North India becomes self- 
evident. 

In comparing the diets of these races we find that the same holds true here as elsewhere. The races which possess the best 
health are those which use the most unrefined foods; the races which are weak and underdeveloped are those which use the 
modern foods of civilization. The diet of the Sikhs, Pathan and Mahrattas is composed of whole grain cakes (chapattis), milk, 
milk products (clarified butter or ghee, curds and buttermilk), dhal (pulse), meat, and small amounts of fruits and vegetables. In 
Madrassi and Bengali the staple food is refined white rice. Meat, milk, fruits and vegetables are used but sparingly. That the 
superior diet employed by the races of North India is responsible for their better health and that the inadequate diet employed 
by those of central and south India is responsible for their poor health, is accepted by nutritional authorities the world over. 

The diet of the Chinese has long been pointed to as being defective in many respects. This stand is certainly not without 
justification. First, there is insufficient quantity of food to feed the large population; second, even when sufficient quantities of 
food are available the diet is likely to be unbalanced, with a preponderance of rice. Moreover, this rice is usually refined and 
thus robbed of many of its natural vitamins and minerals. 

It may seem like a paradox but new evidence lends support to the contention that in some rural sections of China, the semi- 
primitive peasants follow a diet that is superior to many modern diets of the more civilized highly developed countries. The 
explanation lies in the fact that, whereas more vegetables, fruits and soybeans are consumed in these sections, the extremely 
modern diets are composed mostly of refined and processed foods. 

Dr. G.W. Lasker, of the Harvard Medical School has shown that, in spite of the shortcomings of the Chinese diet, tooth decay in 
China is less frequent than in America, and that the "Chinese have suffered in at least one respect through their contact with 
Occidental civilization; their teeth go bad, and in direct proportion to their degree of contact, at that." The Chinese immigrants, 
brought up in China, have on the average, only half as many dental caries as do, the Chinese who are born and raised in 
America. Likewise, American-born Chinese who go back to China and spend much of their life there have less tooth decay 
than those who remain here. 

For the purpose of our study it is especially pertinent that "Immigrants from the most modern communities, particularly Hong 
Kong, show most tooth decay." Then too, it has been noted that the Chinese in rural sections and small villages possess far 
better general health and attain old age in more instances than do those who live in the cities. Along with this contrast in health 
and longevity is the contrast of the Chinese diets: more unrefined foods and fruit and vegetables in the rural sections and small 
villages more modernized foods in the cities. 

TRIBES OF AFRICA 

In studying the African tribes which have preserved their native customs we find that they have been able to maintain a high 
immunity to many degenerative diseases. At the same time it must be noted that the immigrant white population, living on their 
modernized foods, suffer from the usual array of disease. This comparison leads one to the logical conclusion that the foods 
eaten by the natives must be in some way influential in producing their better health. The fact that the primitives do develop 
many degenerative diseases when they adopt the modern life (particularly a modern diet) also indicates that their better health 
is not due to their racial pattern (as some have supposed) but rather to their manner of living. 

Most of the races of Africa fall into one of two groups, the agricultural tribes, such as the Kikuyu and the Watusi, and the cattle 
tribes, such as the Masai, Neurs and Muhima. The agricultural tribes generally use a restricted variety of foods, chiefly corn, 
bananas, sweet potatoes and millet. The cattle tribes use fewer quantities of vegetable foods and concentrate upon the flesh, 
blood and milk of the animals. Of these tribes, those consuming the animal foods are the best physical specimens, if not for the 
reason that they use more of the animals foods, perhaps because the use their food in a more natural condition. The tough, 
pasty cakes and cereals made from grains by the agricultural tribes are far from natural foods. The cattle tribes are stronger, 
much more rugged and far better developed than are the agricultural tribes. Among the cattle tribes that inhabit the regions 
near the Nile River it is not uncommon to find women over six feet tall and men over seven feet tall. 

As for the tooth decay among the African tribes, this varies considerably. The Masai, Neurs and Muhima generally possess 



almost perfect teeth with little or no decay and no irregular dental patterns. In fact, some of the tribes which were studied 
presented no dental caries at all, and dental arches were perfectly formed. However, the agricultural tribes do not fare so well. 
Tooth decay among them averages about 5 per cent. This is a much better average than that of the white population of Africa 
but it is not as low as a good diet should provide. 

Some of the African tribes which use only native foods are said to possess a unique immunity to many diseases in addition to 
tooth decay. Dr. Anderson, the director of the government hospital in Kenya province, has reported that malignancy is 
extremely rare among the natives. He has seen no natives develop appendicitis, gall bladder trouble, cystitis or duodenal ulcer. 
Disease is most common among the tribes who have access to a modern food supply. They are especially prone to tooth 
decay, and their facial structures are generally deformed. 

The white population of Africa takes every precaution to protect themselves from the numerous tropical diseases. They will 
never touch hides worn by many of the native tribes because these hides are said to contain lice which may carry many 
dangerous infectious diseases. Likewise, they boil all drinking water and usually cook all food thoroughly in order to kill the 
bacteria that may be present. Yet, the natives, using many uncooked foods and wearing these lice infested hides, are less 
affected with these infectious diseases than is the white population. This is indeed grim testimony that their mode of living 
offers a poorer environment to the so-called disease promoting bacteria than does our mode of living. Much of the negroid 
population of Africa has by now adopted a diet of modern foods. It is for this reason that it is steadily dwindling and that its 
future outlook is anything but bright. We may regard the extinction of many African tribes as probable in the future unless there 
is a definite return to native dietary customs. 

AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINES 

The Australian Aborigine lives in an environment in which conditions are highly unfavorable for extensive plant and animal life. 
In most of the continent the rainfall amounts to less than 10 inches a year, and this is hardly adequate to provide an abundant 
food supply. But in spite of adverse and exacting conditions, the Aborigine has been able to attain excellent physical 
development and superior health. 

As among many other primitive tribes, physical fitness, great strength and good endurance are prerequisites of respect among 
the members of the group. Good health is placed among the ideals which all strive to attain. The younger males must undergo 
severe tests to demonstrate their physical endurance before they may sit at the meetings of the council or become members of 
the council. Marches of two or three days across the desert without food are made as a part of these tests. 

Of particular importance is the condition of the Aborigines' teeth, eyes, hair, and facial structure. The teeth are fairly good, only 
4.3 per cent being decayed. The dental arches are also well-formed in most cases. With the good dental structure is generally 
found good facial development with but few deformities. The eyes of these primitives are so powerful that they have been a 
source of curiosity among travelers. Often the primitives report seeing stars which the white man cannot see at all. The 
primitives can also see animals a mile distant which others cannot see until they move much closer. The Aborigines generally 
possess a very heavy growth of hair. It is especially notable that this growth generally lasts throughout their life. Baldness is 
very rare even among the oldest members of the group. 

With this picture of the health of the Australian Aborigine in mind let us consider his diet. As already mentioned, food is not 
always easy to find because of the unfavorable climatic conditions. Hence, skill in hunting is of great importance. Armed with a 
spear, the native spends much of his time hunting for whatever animals are about, especially the kangaroo. In addition to 
animals, he eats bird's eggs and plant foods such as berries, seeds of grasses, and stems and leaves. 

Among the natives who have left their customary way of living we find a much different situation relative to their physical 
condition -another instance of degeneration. And always concomitant with this degeneration, we find that the native foods have 
been displaced with modern foods such as white bread, white sugar, canned foods and coffee. 

On the reservations especially, many refined products are consumed. Consequently, we find significant the fact that the 
Aborigines on these reservations suffer from severe tooth decay; often as many as 40 or 50 per cent of their teeth possess 
caries. This is associated with increases in the proportion of other diseases. Tuberculosis runs rampant in many cases. The 
Aborigine is simply incapable of remaining healthy when he uses the conventional foods of civilization. It is only when given 
unrefined foods that he remains comparatively healthy and immune to most disease. 

TORRES STRAIT ISLANDERS 

In the Torres Strait, north of Australia, there are numerous small islands, each supporting a population of a few hundred to a 
few thousand people. Some of these islands have been modernized and some remain isolated from much contact with 
civilization. The natives, when a modern food supply is not available, live in an environment which is conducive in every way to 
the highest state of health. The climate is subtropical, which allows the natives to take full advantage of the beneficial health- 
giving rays of the sun. Rainfall is abundant, resulting in a luxurious growth of plant life which supplies plenty of roots, greens 



and fruits for food. Also animal sea food is plentiful in all cases. 

Living in this good environment with its supply of natural foods, the Torres Strait Islanders attain a state of health which has 
seldom been equaled or excelled by any other race. Dr. J.R. Nimmo, a physician in charge of four thousand of these islanders, 
declared that he had not seen a single case of malignancy among the entire group during the thirteen years he remained with 
them. During the same period he found it necessary to perform several dozen surgical operations among the few hundred of 
members of the white population on the islands. The whites, of course, used modernized foods whereas the natives used only 
their fish, fruits and plants. Tooth decay among these natives involves less than one per cent of the teeth. Dental arches are 
broad and well-formed in nearly all the cases. Health and happiness are realities to these people. 

Contrasted to the excellent physical condition of the natives who consume only natural foods is the very poor physical condition 
of the islanders who use the conventional foods of modern civilization. This is shown especially in the condition of the teeth. 
The amount of tooth decay and abnormal dental arches varies in direct proportion to the length of time governmental food 
stores selling the customary white flour products white rice, refined sugar, sweetened canned food, etc. have been on the 
island. More than 20 percent of the teeth are decayed on Badu Island, abnormal dental arches exist in 40 per cent of the 
individuals of Hammond Island. The natives of both of these had access to government food stores. 

THE NEW ZEALAND MAORI 

The Maori, living in New Zealand, have long been noted for their superior condition. Examination of ancient Maori skulls show 
that only about one in 2,000 teeth were decayed. This is one of the lowest percentages of tooth decay ever found in any race. 
The Maori who live today upon their native foods likewise have almost perfect teeth. They have splendid physiques, and most 
of them preserve good figures into advanced old age. 

The native diet of the Maori includes liberal amounts of sea foods of both plant and animal origin. Shell fish and sea plant 
called kelp form a very important part of the diet. Sea ferns of high nutritional value are used in many instances. 

Regarding the Maori who use modernize foods, they suffer tragically from evidences of disease. Their teeth decay readily and 
they do not possess the beauty of the other Maori. It is also notable that, whereas the Maori who use only native foods are a 
gay, carefree people who never seem to have an unhappy moment, the modernized group have become lethargic and lazy. 
They seem to lack the spirit and enthusiasm which tend to make a happy existence. Mentally, as well as bodily, they have 
suffered from their inadequate diets. 

THE SOUTH SEA ISLANDERS 

Among the best known of the South Sea Islanders are the Polynesians. They inhabit many islands of the South and Central 
Pacific, including the Hawaiian Islands, the Cook Islands, the Tongan Islands, the Marquesas Islands, Tahiti and the islands of 
the Samoan group. They are tall and well-proportioned, and their color resembles that of sun tanned Europeans. When first 
discovered by the white 

Man the Polynesians were a healthy, happy race of people possessing beautiful bodies and pleasant dispostions. In fact, the 
natives' beauty of face and figure, togethere with their happiness and health, caused mnay early navigators to speak of these 
islands as the Garden of Eden. 

Originally, the population of the Marquesas Islands consisted of 100,000 healthy natives. Then a wide variety of modernized 
foods was introduced to the islands. Almost immediately therafter great epidemics of measles and smallpox became common. 
Large numbers of the natives died of pneumonia. Tooth decay rose to almost 40 per cent. The native population is now about 
2,000. With the exception of the few who still consume their native foods, the extinction of this small group appears now to be 
only a matter of time. 

Tahiti is probably the best known island inhabited by the Polynesians. Since a modern diet has been introduced, the population 
has dwindled from 200,000 to 10,000. The few natives who still live exclusively upon natural foods possess good health with 
almost complete freedom from dental caries, whereas over 30 per cent of the teeth of the modernized Polynesians of Tahiti are 
decayed. 

The inhabitants of the Tongan Islands seem to have had better luck than their neighbors. Except for a short period after World 
War I, few imported foods have arrived at the islands. Hence, excellent health is the general rule among these people. Tooth 
decay, after rising to 33.4 percent in the port area when foods were imported, later dropped to 0.6 per cent when the native 
dietary was resumed. The Tongan Islanders are very tall although this is not necessarily due to their use of natural foods. The 
Samoans and Hawaiians have also possessed good physical development with very little disease as long as they used their 
native foods. With the importation of refined products many signs of degeneration have developed, and tooth decay has risen 
from 0.3 per cent to 18.7 per cent in Samoa. 

Basil C. Thompson, during his visit to the Polynesian Isles, noticed that nearly every child had an eruptive disease known as 



yaws at one time or another. He then questioned an English trader, Dr. Head, about the prevalence of yaws and other diseases 
on the islands when he first visited them. Dr. Head declared that before the arrival of the Samoan teachers, yaws was quite 
unknown and that the people then died of old age rather than specific diseases. Whooping cough and measles were claimed to 
have been non-existent. Thompson also noted in his travels that formerly the Polynesian women were never barren although 
now they frequently are. 

Robert Louis Stevenson made an extended trip to the Polynesian Islands and was puzzled by the inferior health of the natives 
at that time as contrasted to the high immunity to disease which they formerly possessed. He often wrote of their extremely 
high death rate, of the epidemics which wiped them out in large numbers, and of the depressed mental attitude of the people. 
Whereas the people were formerly lovers of song, mirth, games, laughter, swimming and dancing, they became depressed and 
lethargic. They didn't want to dance, never sang and were a miserable lot. Their chief fear was that of death as they saw their 
race rapidly dying out. Stevenson was no scientist and knew little of nutrition. Hence he never discovered the real cause of 
their plight - the use of refined, devitalized foods since the arrival of the white man. 

The native diet of the Polynesians, that which was used before the arrival of the white man and is still being used by isolated 
groups today, is somewhat similar to that of the Torres Strait Islanders. Animal sea foods, both raw and cooked, together with 
an abundance of fruits and vegetables, predominate in the diet. Raw, whole fish, eaten immediately after being taken from the 
water, is a favorite the few hundred isolated Polynesians of the Marquesa Islands. And by whole fish is meant just that. This 
includes the heads and all of the internal organs. Hardly a particle is thrown away. On some of the islands fowl and wild pig are 
used in addition to the fish or in place of the fish. Underground ovens of hot stones are used for cooking their foods. "Poi," a 
food prepared by cooking taro and the allowing it to ferment 24 hours, is a particular favorite of some Polynesians, particularly 
those of the Hawaiian Islands. Yams and sugar cane are also quite popular. As there is an abundance of tropical fruits 
throughout all of the islands, they are used extensively. 

Many of the South Sea Islands are inhabited by another race known as the Melanesians. These people are shorter than the 
Polynesians and are dark skinned with long kinky hair. Formerly they were cannibalistic and were hardly representative of the 
other fun-loving South Sea Islanders. Their lives involved much superstition which made their society a sort of rigid 
dictatorship. 

In spite of the rather unfavorable aspects of the Melanesians' life in many ways, these people are remarkably healthy. They are 
indeed a more beautiful race than the dark -skinned races of other islands, and possess but few facial deformities. Their teeth 
are often stained because of the betel nut which they chew but are generally free from decay. Their dental arches are almost 
invariably well-formed 

The diet of the primitive Melanesians is usually somewhat similar to that of the Polynesians although they cook more of their 
food and use less fish and more pig than do the Polynesians. In a few cases, especially in the Solomon Islands, their selection 
of food is quite restricted. Ninety per cent of the diet of the Solomon Islanders consists of the taro plant. With such a restricted 
diet the physical condition obviously cannot be at the highest level. However, it is better than that which many modern diets 
allow. In the Solomon Islands campaign of World War II our soldiers were astonished at the acute senses of the natives. The 
hearing and sight were invariably found to be better than that of the soldiers. In a report concerning these people, Douglas L. 
Oliver states in Natural History, Nov., 1942 that "Young and old show the energy of youth when there is a christening dance. 
The women have amazing vitality and work hard". He furthers remarks that "Dancing (at the feasts) can go on 18 hours, 
without a let-up". With a more varied diet we might expect their physical condition to be even better. 

The modernized Melanesians are highly susceptible to disease. Over 30 per cent of their teeth are generally decayed, and 
dental arches are rarely well-formed. The facial pattern and beauty of the primitive Melanesians is lost when they use refined 
foods. Suicide is becoming quite common in modernized Melanesia, the chief cause being toothache. They do not use the 
foods which maintain good health and hence, soundness of the teeth, and they do not I have dentists at their disposal when the 
pain occurs. 

VITAMIN AND MINERAL CONTENT OF PRIMITIVE FOODS 

It is interesting to note that the diets of most primitive races contain several times as many vitamins and minerals as do 
modernized diets. Whereas most primitive diets contain at least four times the minimum requirement of most vitamins and 
minerals, the modernized diets fail to provide even the minimum requirements. It is probably these higher percentages of vital 
elements in the diets of primitives that are largely responsible for their good health. We may be sure the primitive who uses his 
native foods rarely, if ever, suffers from deficiency diseases. 

We are indebted to Dr. Price for our knowledge of the vitamin and mineral content of the primitive diets. In his travels he made 
a chemical analysis of the foods of each primitive group he visited. As a result he is able to give us the following statistics 
regarding the vitamin and mineral content of the primitive diets as compared to the value of the typical modernized diet of 
civilization. The numbers given in the various columns show how many times as much of the respective elements are found in 
the respective primitive diets as in the modernized diet. For instance, the chart shows that the diet of the Australian Aborigine 



contains 4.6 times as much calcium, 17 times as much magnesium, 50.6 times as much iron, 6.2 times as much phosphorus 
and 10 times the amount of fat-soluble vitamins as found in the modernized diet. The rest of the chart may be read accordingly. 



Race 


Calcium 


Magnesium 


Iron 


Phosphorus 


Fat Soluble 
Vitamins 


Australian Aborigines 


4.6 


17 


50.6 


6.2 


10 


New Zealand Maori 


6.2 


23.4 


23.4 


6.9 


10 


Melanesians 


5.7 


24.4 


22.4 


6.4 


10 


Polynesians 


5.6 


28.5 


18.6 


7.2 


10 


Cattle tribes of 
interior Africa 


7.5 


19.1 


16 


8.2 


10 


Agricultural tribes of 
interior Africa 


3.5 


5.4 


16.6 


4.1 


10 


Eskimos 


5.4 


7.9 


5.5 


5 


10 


Indians of 
Northern Canada 


5.8 


4.3 


2.7 


5.8 


10 


Coastal Peruvian 
Indians 


6.6 


13.6 


5.1 


5.5 


10 


Peruvian Indians of 
the Andean Mountains 


5 


13.6 


29.3 


5.5 


10 


Native Swiss 


3.7 


2.5 


3.1 


2.2 


10 


Gaelics 


3.7 


1.3 


1 


2.3 


10 



In addition, it is reported that the ratio of iodine in the food of the Eskimo to that of the modernized diet was 49 fold and of 
copper, 1 .8 fold. For the Indians of Northern Canada the ratio of increase for iodine was 8.8 fold and for copper, 1 .5 fold. 
Regarding the fat-soluble vitamins, the 10 fold increase is given in every case although often the ratio was in excess of this 
figure. As the extent of the excess was not given by Dr. Price it could not be provided here. There was also found to be a far 
greater amount of water-soluble vitamins in the primitive diets than in the displacing diets. 

The greater percentage of vitamins and minerals and the diets of the healthier primitive tribes over other tribes of the same 
racial stock is also to be noted. In his travels in Canada and Alaska Dr. Price examined a tribe of Indians still uncontaminated 
by modern dietary habits which had only 0. 16 per cent decayed teeth. A different tribe, with tooth decay approaching 21 .5 per 
cent, was also examined. The latter tribe had adopted some (but not all) of civilized man's dietary habits. When the diets of 
these two tribes were examined, that of the tribe with the least tooth decay was found to contain far more minerals than that of 
the other tribe. The better diet contained 83 per cent more copper and 76 per cent more magnesium than did the other diet. 

THE PRACTICAL APPLICATION 

The presentation of the overall picture of primitive races, from the Eskimo of the north to the Polynesian and Melanesians of 
the South Sea Islands, reveals as nothing else could, the inferiority of the devitalized, refined foods of modern commerce. In 
the face of this evidence it is indeed surprising to find that nearly all medical physicians and university nutritionists continue to 
recommend such foods. The whole question regarding the consumption of refined, processed, adulterated, canned and 
otherwise mistreated foods has been so completely solved by the primitive's experience as compared to ours that it can hardly 
remain a question for debate. 

There is no doubt that the health of civilized races could be raised to a level corresponding with that of the healthiest primitive 
races if they too used the best primitive foods. By simply stopping the production of many modernized foods and increasing the 
use of unrefined foods the health of the entire nation could be raised to a much higher level, automatically solving many of the 
problems now keeping our doctors and dentists busy. Facial beauty would become the general rule rather than the exception. 
Tooth decay and many other degenerative diseases would either cease to exist or would become so rare as to be of little 
concern. The span of youth would be prolonged, as would the length of life. Furthermore, the period of chronological old age 
would cease consisting chiefly of degenerative disease, weakness and unhappiness. The old would be much healthier and 
stronger than they now are. 

The experiences of the primitives uphold all of the claims which have been made against modernized foods from the standpoint 
of their vitamin and mineral content, their content of toxic elements, and their tendency to produce disease. The primitive is a 
living proof that modernized foods are among the greatest foes of good health. But this does not call for a diet corresponding to 
that of the healthiest primitives by each and everyone of us. We can go further than the primitive has gone. We can greatly 
improve upon his diet. The primitive has taught us not to use modernized foods. But additional knowledge of nutrition, coming 



from other channels, tells us to make further dietary changes in order to secure optimum health. The primitive has perhaps 
reached the halfway mark between the conventional disease-producing diet and the ideal diet. 

Salubrious Living - 06 

The Foods of Primitive Man: Why Primitives Attain Better Health and Physical 
Development Than Civilized Races 



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Salubrious Living - 07 

Don't Cook Your Foods: How The Process of Cooking Lowers Your Health and 
Vitality 

Cooked foods have always been considered a blessing to mankind. When man first learned to use fire it is assumed that he 
quickly applied it to foods in order to render them more palatable, and cooking is still considered valuable for this reason. In 
addition, it is asserted that by increasing the variety of foods we may eat, the cooking process gives us a wider variety of 
vitamins and minerals and other elements. Also, cooking supposedly makes foods more digestible and hence more healthful. 
These opinions have long been held by orthodox dieticians and doctors. But when we analyze them from the standpoint of 
science, conclusions are inevitably reached which are a far departure from those commonly held. 

Sylvester Graham was the first important hygienist who called attention to some of the evils of cooking. Whereas he did not 
insist that his followers always live exclusively upon raw foods he did stress the fact that "the artificial process of cooking is 
decidedly and often exceedingly inimical, not only to the physiological interests of the alimentary organs, but also to the whole 
human system." Graham saw, over a hundred years ago, what the orthodox world is just now beginning to see. He offered no 
vague philosophical theories about the relative values of cooked and uncooked foods but went straight to the science of 
physiology for his facts. 

Graham is to be commended for his scientific approach to the question of cooking foods, something we cannot say for many of 
his followers. With Graham's death also came that of the scientific dietetics of the early and middle nineteenth century. The 
rebirth of the raw food movement under the inspiration of the German writer, Adolph Just (director of the Junborn in the Hartz 
Mountain region at Stapelburg, Germany), was based upon philosophy, religion, and ethics. Just had no respect whatsoever 
for science and regarded "the voices of nature as the only true guides for life." He objected to the cooking process, not because 
of any scientific information he possessed but solely because it was not in accordance with Nature's plan. 

George J. Drews, Julian P. Thomas and Eugene Christian followed Just as exponents of the raw food diet. They were divorced 
from a part of Just's nature-adoring philosophy but failed to provide the raw diet with any scientific respectability. It was left to 
the hygienists of the present day to employ the raw or near-raw diet successfully in a very large number of cases and thus to 
demonstrate its efficiency. However, even these cases have not attracted the attention of orthodox science. Those who 
handled them are too well known for their metaphysical and philosophical approaches to all matters dealing with health and 
disease. Most scientists are prone to identify ' the raw food diet with the tropical colonization plans of those who wish to 
eliminate, not only medical "science" and cooked foods but civilization itself. The works of Dr. G.R. Clements and his 
speculating satellites, though excellent they may be in many particulars, have, through their anti-civilization doctrines, tended to 
provide the raw food diet with an atmosphere of faddism. The diet must then be redeemed in the eyes of all those who have 
respect for the scientific method. It must be analyzed from a strictly realistic standpoint. The practical results of feeding 
experiments and experiences of both man and the lower animals must be our guides. They alone must determine the ultimate 
value of the exclusive uncooked diet. 

EFFECTS OF COOKING 

Perfectly natural uncooked foods always contain the optimum amounts of vitamins and minerals. There is no known process 
whereby these elements, in their organic form, can be added to foods. Nature turns out the complete product; insofar as 
vitamins and minerals are concerned, it cannot be improved upon. Any change we make in the chemical composition of raw 
foods must then be destructive rather than constructive. It cannot add to the value of the food; it can only detract from this. 

Cooking always changes the chemical composition of foods. It invariably causes the destruction of vitamins and minerals. 
Some of the elements are more readily destroyed than others. Vitamins A and C are more quickly destroyed by heat. Vitamin D 
is dissolved out of the food in the first boiling. The components of the vitamin B complex group are partially or completely 
destroyed. Appreciable amounts of riboflavin, one-third of the panthothenic acid, moderate amounts of pyridoxine, 72 per cent 
of the biotin, 50 per cent of the inositol, most of the folic acid, most of the thiamin and one-third to one-half of the niacin are lost 
in the cooking process. Of the minerals, Phosphorus, iodine and sulphur are lost first. Of course the loss is not always 
complete; if the cooking period is of very short duration, only one-fourth to one-half of the elements may be destroyed. 
Prolonged cooking may cause the loss of most or all of certain elements. The average loss, when the conventional methods of 
cooking are used, is about 50 per cent of the minerals and vitamins originally present in the food. 

It is apparent from these facts that all cooked foods are devitalized and incapable of supplying the body with maximum 
amounts of minerals and vitamins. They are not, strictly speaking, "dead" foods, for they are not entirely devoid of the vital 
elements. In this respect they differ from refined sugar and refined flour, both of which are nearly devoid or completely devoid 
of minerals and vitamins. Nevertheless, the difference is one of degree only, both ordinary cooked foods and refined foods are 
denatured; they have been robbed of a large percentage of the elements which are essential for the support of life. The refined 
products will not support life at all: a diet of white flour and water produces death quicker than does a complete fast, the cooked 



foods will do a little better; they will support life for a limited period of time but only at a very low level. Frequently, when given 
as the sole source of nutritive matter to experimental animals, they support life for only a few months. Obviously, then, the loss 
of minerals and vitamins during the cooking process is of no small importance. It is certain to markedly lower the quality of the 
food. As a cause of ill health it must be given a prominent position. 

Second in importance to the destruction of minerals and vitamins is the destruction of the roughage during the cooking 
process. When plants are cooked their rough cellulose material is broken down and softened. This may promote somewhat 
easier digestion, but only at a very high price. A certain amount of roughage in food is essential for normal elimination. It 
insures the rapid movement of foods through the digestive tract and thus prevents food stagnation in the large and small 
intestine. Cooked foods have a tendency to congest and clog the intestinal tract. They remain in the body so long 
decomposition and decay, with their resultant toxic end products, become well advanced. Instead of passing through the body 
in 10 to 24 hours, the cooked foods frequently remain in the body several days; by the time they are eliminated the odor of 
decay is already offensive. 

The combination of mineral, vitamin and roughage destruction plays havoc with all those who have cooked foods. Chemical 
deficiencies and general toxemia are the inevitable aftermath. Specific diseases make their appearance. There is no escaping 
this. Chemical imbalance is a certainty, and in the face of this, health is impossible. 

ANIMALS LIVE BEST UPON UNCOOKED FOOD 

The superiority of the all-raw diet is best known when we consider the excellent physical condition of the undomesticated lower 
animals throughout the world. As everyone knows, these animals live upon food which is entirely natural, food which has not 
been altered in any way through the use of fire. And as for disease among these animals - well, with rare exceptions, there just 
isn't any. Throughout wild nature there is an exuberance of positive health. Apart from man's interference, undomesticated 
animals usually pass their entire existence without suffering from the ravages of disease. The few pathological symptoms 
which have been found among wild animals are probably due to unclean food, food scarcity, tear, accident parasites or factors 
wholly unconcerned with the food supply. We may be sure that there are no deficiency diseases in wild nature. The pathology 
which does occur is largely due to the natural hazards of the uncivilized and undomesticated life. It occurs so seldom as to be 
of little concern. Indeed, pathology in the animal kingdom is notable by its absence rather than its presence. 

That the very good health of the wild animal is chiefly due to its diet is a fact proven beyond question or doubt, for it succumbs 
to disease as readily as does man when it eats man's conventional foods. Pets, which eat a good deal of cooked foods, are 
rarely healthy. The animals of the circus and zoological garden, which are fed largely upon cooked food, suffer much disease 
and live but a short while. The lion suffers from all manner of disease and possesses a very short life span when its diet is 
confined to cooked meat when raw meat is given, the lion regains its health and lives a normal life span. 

The higher primates are particularly susceptible to the disease-producing influence of cooked foods. Baboons live in good 
health for 25 to 30 years upon uncooked foods, but suffer from many diseases, including loss of hair, respiratory ailments and 
intestinal disorders when fed cooked foods. In addition, their lives are materially shortened, never extending beyond 15 to 20 
years at the very most. According to the Dyaks of Borneo, the orangutan lives in wild nature fully 40 to 50 years longer than 
man. In captivity it is given canned fruit, bread, tea, and coffee and other cooked foods. Under these conditions it never lives 
long, usually the duration of life is much less than that of man. Diseases are common in captivity and include most of those 
which afflict civilized man. The chimpanzee quickly succumbs to disease when it is given cooked food. The most common of 
diseases are bronchial pneumonia, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, peritonitis, hypertrophied liver, debility, loss of hair, intestinal 
parasites, colds, inflammation of the lungs, measles, scarlet fever, grippe, cholera, ulcers of the tongue and skeletal diseases. 
Considered as a whole, these primates react in much the same manner as does man to cooked foods. Their lives are 
invariably shortened, and the type and amount of disease from which they suffer corresponds to that which one might find in 
any doctor's clinic. 

Man's domesticated animals (pets excluded) are a lot better off than civilized man from the standpoint of health. For every one 
disease which afflicts them, their masters are busy combating twelve diseases. Twelve to one is quite a large ration but that's 
the way the figures stand. Just why most of man's domesticated animals are so much healthier than he is may be a matter of 
some dispute but the evidence seems to point to their better diet. The domesticated animals get a lot of raw foods. The cow will 
live all summer almost entirely upon grass, and even in the winter most of the food it eats is raw. The same is the case of many 
other farm animals. The more natural, uncooked foods eaten, the better the health seems to be. 

All animal experiments which have thus far been carried out substantiate this apparent superiority of the raw food diet. 
Experiments with cats, for Instance, have shown that these animals fare very badly on a diet which is restricted to cooked meat 
and pasteurized milk. They become ill frequently, and by the third generation they die before reaching maturity. Among the 
diseases which afflict them on this diet are poor dentition, underdevelopment, bow legs, paralysis, convulsive seizures, rickets, 
curvature of the spine, rachitic rosary of the ribs, enlarged colon, very soft bones bronchitis, fatty infiltration of the muscles, 
undersized bones degeneration of the motor nerve ganglion cells and flabby tissues. On the other hand, a diet of raw meat and 
raw milk suits the cat very well. It thrives upon it in good health E M. Pottenger Jr., M.D., and D.G, Simonsen found in their 



experiments with cats (reported in Vol. 39, Transactions, AM. Therapeutic Soc, 1939) that these animals attain the finest 
physical development on a diet of raw animal foods. They possess large skulls, thoraxes and bones. Their bodies are large and 
long, and the dental arches are broad and well formed. Excellent health and freedom from disease is the general rule among 
these cats. 

Experiments with guinea pigs, to determine the effects of cooked foods, have been conducted by Dr. 0. Stiner, an investigator 
of the Swiss Board of Health in Berne, Switzerland. Dr. Stiner placed a large group of these animals on a diet of their normal 
foods (hay, oats, carrots, and water) which would generally be taken raw, but which in this case were cooked in a high- 
pressure steamer. A large number of diseases appeared shortly after the adoption of the cooked diet. The teeth became 
softened to such an extent that they could be cut away with scissors. Gangrenous gingivitis developed, and the jaw softened 
and warped until the rows of teeth overlapped and would not close in the normal manner. The salivary glands became 
diseased and the animals developed both goiter and anemia. In certain cases two teaspoon of pasteurized milk were added to 
the animals' diet each day, which induced the development of another serious disease, arthritis deformans. Most of the guinea 
pigs died of scurvy, with a smaller number of succumbing to cancer of the lung. 

White rats, the chief experimental animals of the nutritional scientist, also are best adapted to raw foods. Sir Robert McCarrison 
has shown this quite clearly. This noted scientist placed over one thousand pedigree albino rats on a diet composed of raw 
cabbage, raw carrots, raw milk, raw meat, whole wheat flour, fresh butter, unleavened bread and sprouted Bengal grain. On 
this diet of nearly all raw foods all of the rats remained healthy, there was no death from natural causes among the adult stock, 
there was no infant mortality and the mothers all reared their young. At the end of two and a quarter years 1.189 of the rats 
were autopsied, and the only trace of disease found was an occasional cyst in the liver, which was assumed to have been due 
to the straw bedding which the rats also nibbled. 

McCarrison also placed a large group of rats on the different types of diets used in India by the human population. These diets 
consisted largely of cooked foods and served as examples of the diets of many Americans and Englishmen as well as the 
people of India. The results were quite different from those obtained with the rats which were fed chiefly raw foods. Over 2,000 
of these rats were autopsied, and the post-mortem examinations indicated the presence of a large number of diseases. Among 
these were tuberculosis, arthritis, pneumonia, pleurisy, Bright's disease, gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers, glandular 
enlargements, inflammation of the eyes, anemia, loss of hair, infected teeth, infected tonsils, kidney ailments, intestinal 
diseases, stomach diseases and nervous ailments. 

In addition to the experiments with rats, McCarrison carried out an experiment with 20 monkeys, indicating again the superiority 
of raw foods. The monkeys were captured in their native haunts where they have always lived on uncooked foods. Thorough 
examinations showed that every monkey except one was in perfect condition. The exception was the result of an injury 
sustained by one of the monkeys during capture. Nine of the monkeys were immediately placed on a diet of raw foods, 
including wheaten bread, milk, ground nuts, fresh onions, fresh butter, plantains and water. Six were given cooked wheaten 
bread, cooked rice, cooked milk, cooked ground nuts, fresh onions and water. The other five were given a similar assortment of 
cooked foods, fresh onions and water, with the addition of a little fresh butter. Regarding the monkeys fed only on raw foods, 
McCarrison says: "they remained in good health, with the exception of an attack of jaundice in some of them; this was thought 
to be due to the sudden lack of exercise, as well as to the too generous provision of monkey-nuts which in the earlier stages of 
the experiment were not limited to 10 grams. The jaundice was corrected by reducing the diet to milk and bananas for a few 
days, and adding magnesium sulfate to the drinking water. After recovery, which occurred in all cases, the diet, as above 
detailed, was used without recurrence of jaundice or any untoward symptoms whatever." 

The monkeys which were given the assortments of cooked foods did not fare so well. Every one of them died within 43 to 100 
days. The average length of life of those given the cooked foods plus onions was 65 days. Those allowed a little butter each 
day lived an average of 69 days. The post-mortems of these monkeys indicate the presence of a wide variety of diseases and 
physical abnormalities including dilation of the stomach, gastric catarrh, stomach ulcers, carcinoma of the pylorus, duodenal 
catarrh, degeneration of -the mucous membrane, intussusceptions involving the small intestine, congestive changes in the 
jejunum and ileum, ballooning of the small bowel, atrophy and thinning of the walls of the small intestine, colitis, ballooning of 
the colon, atrophy of the omentum, and cancer of the pylorus. Many of these diseases did not occur in just one or two of the 
monkeys but rather in several of them. It must be noted that these three groups of monkeys, the one group fed only raw foods, 
and the others given chiefly cooped foods, were provided with the same amounts of exercise, sunshine and fresh air, etc. The 
sole determining agent as far as disease and the length of life were concerned was food, and the only important difference in 
the food was the condition, whether cooked or uncooked, in which it was given. Hence it must by assumed that it was the 
cooked diet which produced the great physical deterioration of the two groups of monkeys and that the raw diet was 
responsible for the good health of the other group. The fact that monkeys have a closer physical relation to man than do the 
other experimental animals white rats, mice, Guinea pigs and rabbits give these experiments the greatest significance. 

HUMAN EXPERIENCE 

When we consider all of the evidence it becomes clear that among practically all of the lower animals the diet of uncooked 
foods is remarkably successful. These animals are practically disease-free on the raw diet if the other aspects of their lives are 



not interfered with too greatly by man. But what about man? Is he governed by a separate set of laws which do not apply to the 
thousands of species of other animals? Not if we are to accept the verdict of biology. The same physical laws which apply to all 
other animals also apply to a great extent to man. His experience with cooked and uncooked foods corresponds closely to that 
of the lower animals. As these animals become sick on the cooked diet, so does man. As they live on excellent health on the all- 
raw diet, man does likewise. 

There are no primitive races which live exclusively upon raw foods although the majority of them partake in far greater measure 
of these foods than do civilized races. The Eskimo is frequently said to live upon uncooked flesh but these claims are 
unfounded. Only the smaller portion of the Eskimo diet is eaten uncooked; most of the meat used as food is either roasted or 
boiled. On the other hand, many of the healthiest primitives, such as the Polynesians of the Marquesas Islands, always 
consume all of their animal sea food (fish) with no preparation whatsoever. But we do not want to be satisfied with the state of 
health possessed by even the healthiest primitives. We want the highest physical development that is obtainable. To be sure, 
many primitive groups have perfect teeth, they present an unusually high degree of beauty, and they are immune to many 
diseases which are quite common in civilized lands. They preserve their youth better than other people, and often live to a very 
old age. Nevertheless, they are doubtless not as healthy nor as long lived as they might be under more ideal living conditions. 
It would be a good thing if civilized people could become as healthy as primitives but it would be still better if they could go 
further and build bodies which are even more highly immune to disease and senility. After all, the level of health in the wild 
animal kingdom is above that possessed by primitives. The rate of physiological aging is, on the average, slowest among the 
undomesticated animals. It would be better to make our goal a state of health equivalent to that of these animals than that of 
the primitives. 

This does not mean that the primitives' experiences are not of value to us. A wealth of information relative to the effects of 
refined, modernized foods has been obtained by the studies of primitive races. But we should not stop here; there is far more to 
the newer knowledge of nutrition than that which the primitives have given us. By considering all available knowledge on the 
subject we can build better bodies than those possessed by the primitives of any land. 

In Southern California, especially in the Los Angeles area, there are numerous people who live entirely upon uncooked foods, 
these generally of the plant kingdom. At one time the movement toward the raw diet was so popular in Los Angeles that a 
special cafeteria operated there which served only uncooked fruits, vegetables and nuts. The "raw fooders" of Los Angeles, as 
they are commonly called, value fruits above all else. The vegetables and nuts form the smaller portion of their diet. 

Many years ago Prof. (Jaffra, of the University of Southern California, made a study of these raw fooders. He found them to be 
in excellent health with unusual freedom from colds and other ailments. Both children and adults were below average in weight, 
and in addition, the children were below average in heights. Prof. Jaffra called this a sign of undernourishment but we cannot 
support his viewpoint. It cannot be assumed that the raw fooders are undersized any more than it can that other people are 
oversized. Good health is the important thing, and whatever size in weight and height. 

Other observations of the raw fooders in Southern California agree with those of Prof. Jaffra (except the conclusions reached 
regarding weight and height). In general, it is found that most of these people adopt an uncooked diet only after they suffer for 
years from ill health. Many were afflicted with degenerative diseases which had repeatedly been called medically incurable. But 
In spite of this fact, they acquired unique freedom from disease and immunity to disease upon the raw diet. They are usually 
below average in weight but this does not interfere with their good health nor tend to make them susceptible to disease. One 
thing has always been noticed very clearly: those who confined their diet to uncooked foods present a much higher immunity to 
disease than do those who adopt a diet corresponding to that used by the healthiest primitives. As good as the primitive diet is, 
it cannot, either in the case of man or the lower animals, produce a state of health corresponding to that which is obtained upon 
the all raw diet. 

Arnold Estes, of Los Angeles, California, was once a very active as an exponent of the raw food diet. He has published one of 
the best-known books on the subject as well as a monthly magazine. Estes made a practical application of the uncooked diet, 
not only upon his own body, but also in the case of his ten children. In doing this he provided the world with one of the best 
clear-cut examples of just how effectively the raw diet could be applied to man. Even the comparatively healthy primitive 
children must take second place to those of Estes. Ten children all in perfect health, in possession of great strength and 
endurance, together with life histories from which the record of disease is notably absent; this is the picture we have before us. 
And the important thing is that this experience of Estes can be duplicated by anyone who follows his example. Estes has 
shown that most of man's nutritional requirements are not in a class by themselves. They are basically the same as those of 
other animals. Man has never possessed special physical needs which apply to him alone. He cannot escape the penalties of 
using cooked foods any more than can the rat, rabbit, guinea pig, dog, cat or monkey. 

OBJECTIONS 

In recent years a number of objections have been offered to the raw food diet. The first and most important of these concerns 
the question of digestibility. It is held that man has lived-upon cooked foods for thousands of years. During this time he has 
supposedly lost the power to digest raw foods without discomfort and without irritation to the digestive tract. These foods are 



thus held as a cause of flatulence, colitis and ulcers. 

Man has eaten cooked foods during a great part of his history. Even the Peking Man, who lived from 500,000 to 1, 000,000 
years ago, probably ate cooked meat as is indicated by the numerous fire-charred animal bones found near his skeletal 
remains. However, this does not mean that we should do the same; nor does it mean that our digestive tracts are by now well 
adapted to the use of cooked foods. The greatest prevalence of digestive aliments today is found among those who use the 
most cooked foods. Civilized people the world over cook their food very thoroughly until all roughage has been softened and 
the food made anything but irritating. But at the same time they are highly susceptible to ulcers and colitis, ailments which are 
seldom or never found among primitive races which live largely upon raw foods. People suffering from severe digestive 
disturbances have fasted to recovery and followed the fasts with permanent all raw diets with no recurrence of troubles. 
However, only temporary results often occur in such cases if conventional diets of soft, cooked foods are employed after the 
fasts. The irritating properties of raw foods arc imaginary. These foods prevent colitis and ulcers rather than cause them. 

It is true that some people suffer from digestive discomfort (usually in the form of intestinal gas) when they employ the raw diet. 
But in practically every case this is due to failure to masticate their foods sufficiently. Raw foods should be chewed thoroughly 
until they are well insalivated and completely liquefied or broken into very small particles. If this is done they will not produce 
discomfort and will be digested easily. The first stage of digestion begins in the mouth and will not be carried to completion 
without thorough mastication. 

The second objection to the raw food diet is that uncooked foods are unpalatable. Cooking is said to be necessary to render 
most foods pleasing to the taste. A raw diet, it is claimed, would remove the joy from eating. It would thus be impractical even if 
it were the most healthful diet. 

Man's choice of food is largely determined by habit, custom and tradition. He likes cooked foods because he has always eaten 
them. But those whose taste buds have never been perverted by the use of the conventional civilized diet, cooked foods are 
not particularly desired. We may consider raw meat to be the most distasteful of foods but any South Sea Islander, who still 
uses his native diet, would make a terrible fuss if you tried to cook his fish. To him, whole, raw freshly killed fish is a prized 
delicacy. 

Uncivilized humans who exist upon raw foods throughout their childhood must be trained to adopt the cooked diet. The press of 
Dec. 7, 1930 reported the case of young infant which had been captured by a large baboon in Africa. For thirteen years 
thereafter this young human lived with the baboons in their wild habitat. At the age of fourteen years he was captured by 
hunters and taken back to his mother. It was soon noted that the boy was "tremendously powerful," being capable of using a 1 4 
pound sledge hammer in the blacksmith shop and turning a heavy lathe all day without the slightest trace of fatigue. The 
mother has never been able to make him eat cooked food. He lives on raw vegetables and fruits, raw fish and eggs, and such 
flies and bugs as he catches and eats alive. 

A similar case, involving the experiences of a "Female Tarzan" found in the forest of the Carpathian Mountains was reported in 
the press of March 3, 1 935. This wild girl was captured in a remote district where bears, wolves and wild boars abound. Prior to 
the capture she put up a great fight with a large number of brawny lumbermen and exhibited "superhuman strength." 
Investigation disclosed that the girl was Joanna Mandrilia, one who had disappeared from her farm home several years before. 
Taken to an asylum, she refused all prepared food but consumed with relish flowers, plants and grass. As in the case of the 
baboon child, raw foods were invariably given preference over those which have been cooked. 

In 1940 Ernie Pyle reported a case of a young child who had lived alone in the jungles of El Salvador between the ages of two 
and five. During this time he lived upon live fish, tropical fruits and herbs. After his capture it was reported that he "would not 
eat cooked foods" though he took great delight in consuming raw meat and raw fruit. There is also the incident of the 14 year 
old "gazelle boy" which was reported in the press of Aug. 28, 1946. Possessing a splendid physique and being capable of 
almost unbelievable physical feats. (Riding in a jeep, the hunters, who found the boy living with the gazelles in the Syrian 
desert, said that he ran more than 50 miles an hour.) The boy found satisfaction in a diet composed exclusively of grass, roots 
and water. Even after being taken to an asylum the boy would graze on the asylum lawn rather than consume food which had 
been cooked. 

These cases have been mentioned here because they demonstrate the role which habit plays in the choice of food. We can 
train ourselves to like raw foods as well as we have trained ourselves to like cooked foods in the past, In fact, we may gain 
more enjoyment from the raw diet than we ever did from any other. It is an unquestioned fact among observers that those who 
exist entirely upon raw foods often get fully as much pleasure from eating a piece of raw juicy fruit as you ever did from the 
choicest pastry. From the standpoint of palatability the raw diet is equal or superior to any other. 

Of course there are a few foods such as certain grains and vegetables which never appeal to the taste before being cooked. 
But such foods are not indispensable. There are a hundred upon hundreds of foods which are most palatable in their uncooked 
state. This great variety dismisses any idea that we must continue eating those foods which require cooking. 



Perhaps the most rapid method of accustoming yourself to the flavor of raw foods is to fast, Many who continually complain 
that the raw diet does not satisfy them, fast several days and them notice that it provides all they could ask for. A perverted 
appetite is often normalized while fasting, The craving for many of the cooked foods of civilization is lost and the desire for the 
natural, uncooked food is increased. This does not mean that you can no longer enjoy all foods after a fast, but it does mean 
that you will probably find the raw food diet, in itself, perfectly satisfying. 

THE FINAL SOLUTION 

The decision as to whether or not man should consume cooked foods is self-evident. The evidence is so conclusively in favor 
of the all-raw diet that this can hardly be made a matter for further debate. The axiom of all scientific dietetics is this: the closer 
a food is to its natural, uncooked, unchanged condition, the better is that food adapted to support life. Nature supplies man and 
all other animals with food in the form which is in accordance with the body's requirements. Her foods have yet to be improved 
upon. 

The greatest discovery of all time was that of fire, when man learned to use this principle of combustion he took the first step to 
the present highly industrialized civilization. But this was not all; with the discovery of fire came the first wide prevalence of 
disease of man. Had man confined the use of fire to technical uses and those of self-protection we would today be a healthy 
race with a bright evolutionary future. As things now stand, anthropologists often do not hesitate to predict the eventual 
extinction of the human race. It can be said that the greatest single cause of degeneration in man is the use of fire in the 
preparation of foods. If man's evolutionary course does lead downward to extinction it will be cooked foods which will bear a 
major responsibility for his plight. If he regains his post as that of a strong, healthy animal, it will no doubt be due in part to his 
greater use of raw foods. 

It cannot be denied that short cooking and steaming foods is less destructive than the conventional methods. But this cannot 
be used as a logical excuse for cooking. After all, there is really no such a thing as scientific cooking. The so-called scientific 
methods are, at most, simply compromises. They are of value only in the sense that they lower the value of foods less than 
does the conventional cooking art. We must dispense with cooking as such, and stop looking for substitutes. 

The all-raw diet is ideal for man. The fact must be recognized by all those who hope to follow a rational system of therapeutics 
or a healthful mode of living. Doctor and layman alike must place the greatest importance upon uncooked foods. The cook 
stove must be relegated to the dark ages of man's dietetic history. The need in the animal world for natural, uncooked foods 
was established through a billion years of dietetic habits. Man cannot, in his very short existence upon earth, alter this need. 
Any attempt to do so must be met with physical degeneration, early senility and shortened life span. No other conclusion based 
upon scientific analysis can be reached. 

Salubrious Living - 07 ^^^^^^ 

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Salubrious Living - 08 

The Fruitarian Diet: Planning the Perfect Nutritional Regime 

For centuries there have been movements, organizations and groups which have sought to prove that man should not use 
meat in his diet. Likewise, there have always been many who claimed that no animal food of any kind, not even milk and eggs, 
should be used by man. Others have taken the middle of the road and condemned meat and eggs but permitted the use of 
milk. The first class, those who object to meat only, are commonly called lacto-ovo vegetarians. The second class, those who 
object to eggs as well as meat, but permit milk in the diet, are lacto vegetarians. The third class, using only foods of the plant 
kingdom, are strict vegetarians. 

The motives which provide the incentive for the activities of these various types of vegetarians are founded upon a mixture of 
ethics, philosophy, religion and science. Some of the vegetarians object to meat as a food because it calls for the slaughter of 
animals. This slaughter they regard as immoral and say that involves too much cruelty. Others, who use the religious 
argument, claim that the Bible speaks in favor of the exclusive diet of plant foods. A few of the vegetarians object to eggs and 
milk because using them for human food is supposedly interfering with normal plans of Nature. By using these foods they claim 
that we become parasites of the chicken and the cow. Occasionally you will find a vegetarian who believes that by eating flesh 
foods man develops a tendency to be cruel, which tends to war. And last but not least, we have the vegetarians who insist that 
we should live upon the spare parts of the plants only. They claim that our eating habits should conform to the "symbiotic norm" 
of Nature, this calling for cooperation father than plant and animal destruction. These vegetarians do not recommend root 
vegetables, such as carrots and onions, because using them calls for the destruction of the entire plant. 

The vegetarian movement was doomed from the start because the leaders failed to come to any agreement as to what 
constitutes a normal vegetarian diet and because they injected ethics, philosophy and religion into what should be strictly a 
science. People are often quite willing to live upon plant foods in order to retain their health but they are less interested in being 
kind to animals and eating according to Biblical instructions or according to the so-called laws of symbiosis. Scientists likewise 
are interested in the plant food diet insofar as it affects the development of disease, but they do not care to study the moral 
affects of using animals foods. And all this is well and good. Ethics, philosophy and religion have no place in the modern 
science of nutrition. The hygienic value of any diet which excludes one or more animal foods should be determined by science 
and science alone. 

When we do go to science we find that the plant food diet is very effective. Indeed, the greatest amount of evidence seems to 
favor the viewpoint that no animal food of any kind is suitable for the human body to use and that they all help to produce 
disease. But this does not mean that just any plant food diet will produce good health. In fact, most of them won't. The diets of 
many strict vegetarians are very poorly balanced and are in no sense health-building. They often lead to a physical condition 
which is inferior to that of people who use a mixed diet of both plant and animal foods. 

The really healthy plant eaters those who possess the finest bodies and who are highly immune to disease are the fruitarians. 
The fruitarian diet is composed of the products of the plant kingdom which are delicious and appealing to our taste in their 
natural uncooked condition. As fruits, vegetables and nuts are the foods which meet this qualification in an ideal manner they 
are the primary foods used by the fruitarian. The strict vegetarian diet differs chiefly from that of the fruitarian in that it usually is 
formed predominantly of cereals, bread and starchy root vegetables, whereas the fruitarian diet is composed chiefly of fruits. 
Most vegetarians do not even approach the fruit-vegetable-nut ideal. Their diets are not to be confused with that of the 
fruitarian. 

At first glance the fruitarian diet perhaps appears to hinge on the borderline of fantasy. It calls for revolutionary changes in the 
conventional plan of nutrition. But, nevertheless, viewed from the standpoint of science, the fruitarian diet is ideal for man. This 
is best seen when we consider man's anatomical structure, his protein needs, his carbohydrates needs, the alkalinity of the 
body fluids and the effects of the specific animal foods upon the human body. 

COMPARATIVE ANATOMY 

First let us have a look at the relationship between the dietary habits and anatomical development of the various animals. 
Animals may be divided into several groups according to their dietary habits. They are the herbivora, carnivora, graminivora, 
omnivora and frugivora. The herbivora are plant eaters. They thrive best on a diet of coarse plants, tubers and various kinds of 
grasses. The cow, horse, sheep, deer and most other grazing animals are in this class. The carnivora are those which live 
chiefly or entirely upon animal flesh and include such animals as the fox, wolf, lion, and tiger, The graminivora are the animals 
which live largely upon cereals and grains and the seeds of all types of grasses. These are restricted chiefly to the bird 
kingdom. However, even so, few birds are strictly graminivorous, for in addition to the grains and seeds they eat an abundance 
of insects and worms. The omnivorous animals use a mixed diet consisting of both animal flesh and many kinds of plants. The 
frugivorous animals live upon fruits, nuts and the tender shoots, roots, buds and leaves of plants. Their diet is really a fruitarian 
diet or a very close approach to one. Among the frugivora are the higher members of the primate family (as well as some of the 



lower primates) including the chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan and gibbon. On rare occasions (probably in times of food scarcity) 
the gibbon and possibly the other higher primates may eat a few bird's eggs or insects, but their normal diet remains 
fundamentally one of fruits, plants and nuts. 

Now the problem is to decide which of these groups man is a member of. At first it might be thought that man is by nature an 
omnivorous animal, for he divides his diet pretty evenly between plant and animal foods. But a close investigation reveals that 
man's anatomical structure does not resemble that of the omnivorous animals at all. Nor does it resemble those of the 
carnivora, herbivora or graminivora. From every standpoint man bears the closest relation to the frugivorous animals. His 
digestive tract and skeletal structures are similar to those of the higher primates and distinctly different from those of the other 
animals. 

Naturalists have always claimed that the normal dietary habits of animals are invariably related to their patterns of dentition. 
Paleontologists classified the dietary habits of prehistoric fossil animals according to the number and type of teeth these 
animals possess. Each of the five distinct types of animal life possesses dental patterns characteristic of it alone, it is 
noteworthy in this connection that man's teeth closely resemble those of the anthropoid apes and are entirely different in both 
number and type from those of other animals. The gorilla, chimpanzee, and orangutan each have 32 teeth. These include 12 
molars, 8 bicuspids, 8 incisors and 4 cuspids, exactly the same in order and number as those of man. It is true that man 
possesses small canine teeth (cuspids) but this does not make him a carnivorous animal as many would have us believe. Even 
the anthropoid apes have canine teeth, larger in fact, than those of man. The possession of canine teeth obviously does not 
call for flesh eating or we would not find these animals with frugivorous dietary habits. Unless we are to disregard the findings 
of paleontology and anthropogenesis we must regard man's dental pattern as evidence that he is a frugivorous animal. 

The small intestine of all the higher primates is much longer, in proportion to body length, than that of the carnivora. The 
intestinal tract of man is about 12 times the length of its body; that of the carnivora is three to four times the length of its body. 
The different lengths serve specific purposes. The shorter the tract, the more rapidly the food is disposed of and the less time it 
has to putrefy. The longer the tract, the longer the food remains in the body and the longer time it has to digest thoroughly. 

When flesh is eaten by carnivorous animals it passes through the intestinal tract before putrefaction has become well 
advanced. Thus, few toxic end-products are produced. Perhaps one of the reasons why many birds of prey are able to live 
such extraordinarily long lives is that their intestinal tracts are among the shortest possessed by any animals. Their feces 
contain almost no bacterial flora, indicating very little putrefaction. 

The frugivorous animals, including man, possess intestinal tracts which fail to permit the digestion of animal flesh in the 
absence of considerable putrefaction. The rich bacterial flora and offensive odor of the feces of meat eaters is evidence of the 
great amount of putrefaction which has taken place. Man's intestinal tract is adapted to fruits, vegetables and nuts. These foods 
remain in the body long enough to permit thorough digestion with very little putrefaction. There is little or no bacterial flora in the 
feces of fruitarians. 

Also worthy of note are the great differences in the stomachs of the various animals groups. The stomach of each group 
appears designed or developed according to the nature of the food which is eaten, The stomach of man is divided into cardiac 
and pyloric portions, and its inner surface is covered with wrinkles called corrugations or rugae. The stomach of the carnivora 
and omnivora is a simple, roundish sack, and possesses no corrugations. The stomach of herbivorous animals, on the other 
hand, is very complicated lying transversely across the abdomen, and divided into three to seven compartments (usually three 
or four). Each particular type of stomach is adapted to given types of food. The simple stomach of the carnivora is well adapted 
to the digestion of animal flesh, but it is in no sense capable of digesting the coarser grass of the herbivora. Man's stomach can 
easily handle fruits, tender plants and nuts, but it does not meet with complete success in handling all other types of food. The 
stomach of the herbivora is specifically adapted to the digestion of coarser grasses and herbs. Each type of stomach has its 
digestive limitations, and we must not go beyond these limitations if we desire and expect the best health. 

Naturalists, anatomists and zoologists have uniformly recognized these points, insofar as they affect man's place in nature and 
his normal dietetic character. Linnaeus ranked man zoologically with the Order of Primates because of his similarity of body 
organization with animals of that group. He said that man's organism, when compared with that of other animals, shows that 
"fruits and succulent vegetables constitute his most natural food." Huxley, the famed British naturalist in indicating man's exact 
position in the Order of Primates, asserted that whatever "systems of organs may be studied, the comparison of their 
modifications in the ape series leads to one and the same result that the structural differences which separate man from the 
gorilla and chimpanzee are not as great as those which separate the gorilla from the lower apes," The German naturalist, 
Haechel, affirms this decision and claims that man "is more nearly related to the highest apes than are the latter to the lowest 
apes." 

Cuvier, in his day, was perhaps the highest authority on comparative anatomy. In referring to man's dietetic nature, he 
declared: 'The natural food of man, therefore, judging from his structure, appears to consist of fruits, roots, and other parts of 
succulent vegetables and his hand offers every facility for gathering them. His short and moderately strong jaws on the one 
hand, and his cuspids being equal in length to the remaining teeth, and his molars on the other, would allow him neither to feed 



upon grass nor devour flesh, were these foods not previously prepared by cooking." 

Thomas Bell, lecturer on anatomy at Guy s Hospital in London, has stated in his Physiological Observations on the Natural 
Food of Man Deduced from the Character of His Teeth- "The opinion which I venture to give has not been hastily formed, nor 
without what appeared to me efficient grounds. It is not, I think, going too far to say that, every fact connected with human 
organization, goes to prove that man was originally formed a frugivorous animal, and therefore probably tropical, or nearly so, 
in his geographical situation. This opinion is principally derived from the formation of his teeth and the digestive organs, as well 
as from the character of his skin and general structure of his limbs. If analogy be allowed to have any weight in the argument, it 
is wholly on the side of the question which I have just taken. Those animals whose teeth and digestive apparatus most nearly 
resemble our own, namely, the apes and monkeys, are undoubtedly frugivorous." 

Other anatomists follow a similar train of thought Professor Lawrence, the English anatomist, remarks: Whether, therefore we 
consider the teeth and jaws or the immediate instruments of digestion, the human structure closely resembles that of the 
simian or monkeys, all of which, in the natural state, are completely frugivorous." Sir E. Ray Lankester follows with his 
statement referring to man as "originating probably in the East, in a warm but not a tropical climate, feeding on rich and 
abundant fruits, he yet gradually spread over the whole world, and does not show any material modification of structure-no 
modification so great as to prevent interbreeding. "Dr. Richard Lehne, after making an exhaustive comparative-anatomical 
study, sums up his conclusion in the following words: "quite apart from the physiological findings of nutritional science, which 
perpetually alter and are always in an unsettled form, comparative anatomy proves-and is supported by the millions-of-years- 
old documents of palaeozoology-that human JV in their ideal form have a purely frugivorous character. 

On the following page is reproduced a chart from Emmet Densmore's How Nature Cures, published in 1892. In spite of the 
early origin of the chart, over a half a century ago, the facts presented hold true today as well as then, and should remove, 
once and for all, any doubt as to man's origin as a frugivorous animal. Our basic knowledge regarding comparative anatomy 
was acquired in the nineteenth century through the work of such naturalists as Darwin, Huxley, Haekel and others. The facts 
given in the chart are in complete accordance with the findings of these men, as well as those of the naturalists and 
comparative-anatomists of the present day. 

INSERT TABLE HERE 

It may be mentioned, in connection with the chart, that the classification of man's diet and urine appear to have been made in 
accordance with his structure and physiology rather than from what one might observe in the world of civilized man. It is well 
known that man is not presently living upon fruits and nuts and that his urine is not alkaline, but since man's structure and 
physiology imply the use of frugivorous diet, and since such a diet produces an alkaline urine, the classifications were 
apparently made with those thoughts in mind. 

There is no need here to go into complete detail regarding every aspect of comparative anatomy. Sufficient facts have been 
given to indicate that man must be classified with the frugivorous animals. In every particular the formation of the teeth, the 
shape of the stomach, the length of the small intestine, the location of the milk glands, the size of the salivary glands) the size 
of the liver, the type of placenta, the shape of the extremities, etc., etc., man represents the arch-type of frugivora. In no 
particular does he resemble either the carnivora, herbivora or omnivora. 

As a rule, medical writers and vegetarians alike fall into the same error in determining man's dietetic character. Almost 
invariably they divide the animal kingdom into three two or three distinct groups carnivora, herbivora and occasionally 
omnivora. The medical writers go to great length to show how man's anatomical structure differs from that of the herbivora. 
Vegetarians, on the other hand, make every effort to point to the differences between man and the carnivorous and omnivorous 
animals. Both groups are naturally successful. It is a simple matter to show how man differs from the herbivora, and it is equally 
simple to show how he differs from the carnivora and omnivora. What medical writers fail to point out is the difference between 
man and the flesh-eating animals, and what vegetarians fail to point out is the difference between man and the grass-eating 
animals. Both groups completely fail to recognize that a frugivorous class of animals even exists. They appear to be unaware 
of the basic findings of paleontology, anthropogenesis and zoology. As a result their analysis must be incomplete and their 
conclusions must be inaccurate. 

The facts regarding the comparative anatomy show the fallacy of attempting to apply to man the results of flesh eating among 
white rats (as is continually being done by university investigators). They also indicate the fallacy of attempting to prove that, 
because a certain group of carnivorous, omnivorous or herbivorous animals fare well on a certain diet, a similar diet would be 
well suited to man. Each animal group has its own dietary needs and limitations, determined largely by the animal's anatomical 
structure. 

Man's place in nature is clear. His evolutionary trend has provided him with a body similar to that of the other frugivorous 
animals. Like his near relatives he has an anatomical structure that dictates the advisability of using fruits, tender plants and 
nuts as his basic foods. 



THE QUESTION OF PROTEINS 

The building blocks of protein consist of 21 amino acids. Nine of these have been proven to be essential for the support of life 
and growth. A few others are "convenient" in the sense that animals thrive better if they get them. Proteins which contain all of 
the essential amino acids as well as the convenient ones, are called complete or first class. A food which contains complete 
protein will support life and growth if used as the sole source of protein in the diet. The foods which contain incomplete protein 
will not in themselves support life and growth. 

It is often claimed that the difficulty of obtaining complete proteins on a fruitarian diet makes such a diet dangerous except 
when in the hands of an expert. But this is really not so. A child living upon the fruitarian diet could hardly keep from getting 
sufficient complete protein if he simply used the plant foods according to his own instinctive desires. After all there is an 
abundance of plant foods which supply us with complete proteins of the highest biological value. The researches of Cajori, Van 
Slyke and Osborn have shown conclusively that the protein of most nuts is of the very finest type and contains all of the 
essential and convenient amino acids. Among the nuts possessing complete proteins are butternuts, pecan, filberts, Brazil 
nuts, English walnuts, black walnuts, almonds, pine nuts chestnuts and coconuts. 

In addition to being complete, the protein of most nuts is of high biological quality. Investigations at Yale University and the 
research work of Dr. Hoobler, of the Detroit Women's Hospital and infant's home, both demonstrate the superiority of nut- 
protein. The methods of research used by Dr. Hoobler provided a most delicate biological test of the protein of food and it 
showed that the protein of nuts not only provides greater nutritive efficiency than that of meat, milk and eggs but that it is also 
more effective than a combination of the animal proteins. 

Coconut globulin is perhaps the best of the nut proteins. Johns, Finks and Pacel, of the Protein Investigation Laboratory of the 
U.S. Department of Agriculture, found that this protein produced supernormal growth in young rats when used as the sole 
protein in the diet. In other words, the rats grew more rapidly than they would have if given meat, eggs, milk or any other high 
protein food. McCandish and Weaver have also found that the protein of coconuts is superior to that of other foods, and claim 
that coconut meal is of greater value than soybean meal. As the soybean is equal in biological value to any of the animal 
proteins, this would mean that the coconut protein is in a class by itself and is perhaps the finest protein known. 

No fruitarian need have any worries over his protein supplies. Any well-balanced selection of plant foods should meet the 
body's protein needs very well; in fact, it will meet them far better than the omnivorous diet for it supplies the protein in just the 
right amounts. 

All available evidence Indicates that a low protein diet composed of plant foods is most conducive to the best health. In the 
19th century two great German scientists, Justus Freiherr von Liebig and Karl von Voight, carried out experiments to determine 
how much protein the body requires each day. Liebig assumed that, because muscle is composed largely of protein, we should 
use a diet which is very rich in this dietary factor. Later Voight carried out experiments with dogs, the result of which led him to 
believe that the daily human requirement is 118 grams. 

It is now known that the conclusions of Liebig and Voight are not accurate. Muscles can be built from plant foods which are 
relatively low in protein content as well as they can from animal flesh. And the experiments with dogs carried out by Voight can 
hardly be applied to human beings, for the protein requirements of dogs and other carnivorous animals differ from those of the 
frugivorous animals. 

The most accurate present day estimates of the body's daily protein requirements vary from about 22 to 30 grams. These 
estimates are based upon experiments with humans. Prof. Henry Sherman, of Colombia University, places the daily 
requirement at 30 to 50 grams but it is probable that the other estimates, which include those of the Swedish scientist, Ragner 
Berg, are more nearly correct. However, even 30 to 50 grams of protein is not much. It could easily be supplied by a diet of 
plant foods. 

Dr. Mikkel Hindhede, of Denmark, made the first mass application of a diet very low in its protein content to an entire nation. 
During World War I this doctor was made Food Administrator of Denmark. In an effort to prevent food shortages he greatly 
lowered the production of livestock and fed the plant foods to the human population rather than to the animals. As an average 
of only 1 per cent of the value of plant foods is recovered in the milk, eggs and meat of animals, it is obvious that this involved 
a great saving from the standpoint of nutrition. But Hindhede eventually discovered that the diminished use of animal foods 
meant far more than that. Within one year's time the death rate had lowered 40 per cent. In addition, the Danish people 
acquired a greater resistance to disease. When the great influenza epidemic spread through Europe only Denmark escaped. 
The other nations, using their high protein diets consisting largely of animal foods, suffered greatly. Their people died by the 
thousands. 

Nuts are rich in protein, but they are not used to such an extent in the fruitarian diet that the body receives an excess of this 
material. The normal desires of the fruitarian call for a wide variety of plant foods with no particular dependence upon nuts. 
Fruits are the chief foods used and the desire for nuts is in accordance with the body's need for protein. Meat, eggs, milk and 



cheese these are all high protein foods which are not needed. Their excessive protein acts as a burden to the body and favors 
the development of disease. 

THE BEST SOURCE OF CARBOHYDRATES 

In addition to supplying the body's protein needs in an ideal manner, the fruitarian diet supplies the proper amounts of 
carbohydrates in a form which the body can use most easily. Carbohydrates are divided into two classes, starches and sugars. 
Before the starches can be absorbed by the blood they must undergo a long process of digestion which changes them into a 
form of sugar. This sugar represents a starch in a state of complete digestion and can be used almost immediately by the body. 

Sugars, as they are found in the sweet fruits such as dates, bananas, grapes, persimmons, etc. are practically predigested. 
They are the finest form of carbohydrate. Instead of undergoing a long process of digestion as do starches they are ready for 
almost complete absorption with very little or no digestive work required. This is most economizing from the standpoint of the 
body's available store of energy, for whatever energy is not used in the process of digestion may be used for other purposes. 
Starch digestion involves an unnecessary expenditure of energy on the part of the body. How much better it is to get your 
carbohydrates in the form of fruit sugars which are quickly and readily absorbed and assimilated with a minimum of effort. 

The primary sources of carbohydrates in the conventional diet are grains and root vegetables. These foods are starchy foods 
and unless they are thoroughly cooked (which causes a great mineral and vitamin loss) they contain little or no sugar. Even 
after the cooking process, however, the carbohydrates in these foods usually require much digestion. In the case of grains, 
cooking alters but little the starches and never changes them to sugars. The root vegetables such as white potatoes are helped 
a little more. After they are cooked, their starch requires less digestion than raw starch. However, it is in no sense equivalent to 
the sugars found in fruits. 

In the fruitarian diet the use of starches is reduced to a minimum. The primary source of sugar is fresh ripe fruit. The sugar 
content of most juicy fruits varies from 10 to 20 per cent whereas the sweetest fruits, such as dates and dried figs, often contain 
as high as 70 per cent pure sugar. It is the popular opinion that bananas are a starchy food but a really ripe banana contains 
almost no starch. In the ripening process the starch is changed to sugar. T-he primary starches found in the fruitarian diet are 
those of the vegetables and to a lesser extent, some nuts. Considered as a whole, the fruitarian diet is low in starch, containing 
only a small fraction as much starch as does either a vegetarian or conventional diet. But it does provide us with ample 
amounts of carbohydrate and these in their finest available form, as sugar. 

HYPO-ALKALINITY 

In order to preserve the best health the normal alkalinity of the body fluids must not be reduced to any great extent. All of the 
cells of the body are bathed in alkaline fluids; only in a state of death can these fluids become acid. However, even the slightly 
lowered alkalinity of these fluids can disturb body functions. The patient who suffers from a lowering of alkalinity is said to 
possess hypo-alkalinity or, as it is more commonly called, acidosis. His blood and other body fluids are not acid but possess 
higher acidity and lower alkalinity than they should. 

Hypo-alkalinity of the body fluids is a prominent cause of toxemia with its resultant disease. In addition, it greatly depletes the 
alkaline mineral reserves. The body uses its alkaline mineral salts to neutralize acids, and if these acids are allowed to 
accumulate excessively the alkaline minerals will be leached from the tissues to serve their purposes. Many deficiency 
diseases result from just such conditions. The acids exist in too great amounts and the alkaline reserves of the body are not 
sufficient to neutralize them. If the body does not then draw upon its own tissues for these elements there is a progressive acid 
saturation of the body, a really toxic condition. Under any circumstances the victim must suffer. Either his body is depleted of its 
vital minerals or it is poisoned by an excess of acids. 

Now understand, acids in themselves are not harmful unless they are found in excessive amounts. As long as the body's 
reserve alkaline salts are capable of neutralizing them no harm is done. But the conventional diet does not allow the body to 
acquire an adequate alkaline reserve, nor does it prevent the development of an excess of acid elements. Refined foods are 
generally robbed of their alkaline minerals and hence they leave an acid-ash after being used by the body. Meat, cheese, eggs, 
nearly all cereals and most nuts these are all acid-ash foods. The alkaline foods are milk and nearly all fruits and vegetables, 
the chief exceptions being prunes, plums and cranberries. The normal ratio of alkaline elements to acids in the body is 80 per 
cent to 20 per cent, and the same ratio should be applied to the diet used. If at least 80 per cent of the foods used are formed 
predominately of the alkaline minerals the alkaline reserve will be normal and the body will not have to obtain these elements 
from its tissues in order to neutralize the acids. Also, if the acid-ash foods are kept down to the 20 per cent level the number of 
alkaline elements required to neutralize the acids will be relatively small, under such conditions the body functions smoothly. It 
does not suffer from acid excesses and it retains a strong alkaline reserve which removes the need for sacrificing the alkaline 
elements of the tissues. 

Neither the average strict vegetarian nor the conventional omnivorous diet supplies the alkaline and add elements in their 
proper ratio. Both diets lack sufficient alkalis and they supply a great excess of acid-ash foods. The vegetarian, getting, as he 



usually does, too many cereals and too much bread to the exclusion of the alkaline fruits, is bound to suffer to some extent 
from hypo-alkalinity. The omnivorous diet, in supplying many acid-ash foods such as meat, cheese and eggs, as well as acid- 
ash plant foods, fails completely to provide the body with the alkaline elements it needs. In addition, the omnivorous diet 
contains too much protein. The end-products of the protein excesses are uric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid, and sulphuric 
acid'. These must all be neutralized by the alkaline bases before they can be eliminated by the body. 

The perfect diet from the standpoint of supplying the correct ratio of alkalis and acids is the fruitarian diet. It is the one diet 
which provides both an abundance of alkaline elements and small amounts of acid elements. The chief portion of the fruitarian 
diet is composed of fruits and vegetables which supply the alkaline elements. The smaller part of the fruitarian diet is 
composed of nuts. These supply the acid elements. The fruitarian diet does not provide an excess of protein and this also 
helps to prevent hypo-alkalinity. In order to keep the proper ratio between the alkaline and acid elements in your fruitarian diet 
you don't have to watch every mouthful of food you eat to make sure that you are not getting an excess of acid-ash foods. 
Nature takes care of that pretty well. As a general rule, the normal desires of the fruitarian call for a preponderance of the 
alkaline foods, and only small amounts of the others. Probably every fruitarian who uses all of his food in its uncooked state 
strikes a fairly close proximity to the 80 per cent alkali and 20 per cent acid ratio whether he makes any special attempt to or 
not. The desire for alkaline foods on the fruitarian diet serves a physiological need and practically insures the fruitarian against 
hypo-alkalinity. It provides him with an alkaline reserve which is sufficient to meet all existing needs, and also supplies him with 
the proper amounts of acid elements. 

HOW MEAT LOWERS ENDURANCE 

The experiments of Prof. Irving Fisher, of Yale University are the most extensive yet carried out to determine the relation 
between meat consumption and endurance. In these experiments 49 persons, a mixture of lacto-ovo vegetarians and flesh- 
eaters, took part. Many of the meat eaters numbered among the best athletes of the University. The vegetarians included some 
athletes, together with physicians and nurses of the Battle Creek Sanatorium, a vegetarian institution. 

Three endurance tests were given I. Holding the arms in a horizontal position as long as possible, 2. Deep knee bending 
exercises, 3. Leg raising while lying on the back. 

The results of the first test were a complete victory for the vegetarians. Only two of the meat eaters held their arms in a 
horizontal position for 15 minutes; none of them did so for 30 minutes. Twenty-two of the 32 vegetarians held their arms in a 
horizontal position for 15 minutes or longer: of these, nine exceeded one hour, four reached two hours and one of them 
exceeded three hours. In the leg raising test the highest record was made by a flesh eater, though when the records of all the 
contestants were averaged little difference between the two groups was observed. 

The deep knee bending exercises showed the most conclusive results. Only three of the nine flesh eaters who entered the 
contest did over 325 deep knee bends and none of them did over 2,000 bends. Seventeen of the 22 vegetarians did over 325 
bends and two of them surpassed the 2,000 mark. The highest number of bends done by a flesh eater was 1,292. One of the 
flesh eaters fainted while doing the deep knee bends; several were so weakened that they had to be carried down the 
gymnasium stairs, and a few were made so weak and sore that days were required for recovery. The vegetarians experienced 
comparatively few ill effects. Oberg, the vegetarian nurse who made over 2,000 bends, was bothered with only a little 
soreness, and one of the vegetarians went for a long walk and ran on the gymnasium track immediately after the deep knee 
bends. 

These experiments show quite clearly that flesh eating lowers endurance but they do not indicate what effects the other animal 
foods milk and eggs may have. However, the tests are of much value and provide added evidence that flesh foods should 
form no part of man's diet. Even lacto-ovo vegetarians, whose diets are far from being well balanced, apparently have more 
endurance than meat eaters. It is quite probable that fruitarians would have made a better record than did the vegetarians in 
these Yale experiments. 

THE POISONS OF MEAT 

At all times there is produced in the animal body a certain amount of toxins resulting from the metabolic processes. These are 
quickly eliminated when the animal is living. However, upon death, elimination ceases and toxins, which were then in the 
animal tissues, remain there. In addition, More toxins are produced after the heart stops beating, up to the time of actual tissue 
death when rigor mortis sets in. Then the production of toxins through decomposition occurs. Millions of putrefactive bacteria 
develop in the tissues of the animal, and multiply into greater and greater numbers as the flesh hangs in the market until it is 
partly decomposed and tender. "Well hung" meat is really putrefied meat which has been rendered toxic under the influence of 
bacterial growth. 

The character of the poisons found in meat is now well known. The chemical composition of animal tissue extracts is similar to 
that of urine. As Professor Halliburton, the great English chemist, has remarked, "Beef tea is simply an ox's urine in a tea cup." 
Guinea pigs invariably develop nephritis and usually die within fifty days after being given sub-cutaneous injections of sarcin, 



one of the constituents of meat extract. Another of these constituents, creatine, is a distinct poison. The amount of this material 
found in a quart of beef tea is, according to the late Prof. Gautier, capable of killing nine guinea pigs if given in subcutaneous 
injections. Even carnivorous animals such as dogs quickly develop disease if they are given as little as two-thirds of an ounce 
of the famous Liebig's extract of beef each day. In the words of Legendre, bouillon is "a veritable solution of poisons." Ordinary 
lean meat naturally contains all of the poisons which are found in meat extracts, though in much smaller amounts. However, 
the ill effects resulting from its use are just as certain, the only difference being that a much longer period of time is required for 
them to take effect. 

Uric acid is the most commonly known toxin found in meat. Ever since Alexander Haig, M.A., M.D., of England, showed that an 
excess of this material in the blood was invariably associated with deficient capillary circulation, especially in the kidneys, 
hygienists have carefully refrained from using meat. Uric acid is not only a poison in itself; its tendency to impair circulation, and 
hence metabolism, causes the deficient elimination of all types of wastes products from the tissues of the body. The fact that 
meat is the chief source of uric acid means but little to the carnivorous animal, for its liver is capable of destroying or detoxifying 
fully ten times as much of this material as is the liver of man. It is only the normally frugivorous and herbivorous animals which 
suffer from uric acid excess when they consume animal flesh. University nutritional scientists ridicule the idea that, because it 
contains uric acid, meat should not be eaten. They contend that certain vegetable foods such as mushrooms, asparagus, tea, 
coffee, and cocoa also contain considerable amounts of this toxin, No doubt this is true but it certainly does not mean that uric 
acid is harmless, it simply means that we should likewise refrain from using the vegetable sources of it. 

The kidneys and the liver suffer most from the poisons of meat. Even the carnivorous animals frequently suffer from kidney 
diseases. It is no accident that the kidneys of these animals are almost universally condemned as food; nor is it an accident 
that, when Dr. Fox examined all the animals, over a long period of time, that had died in the Philadelphia Zoological garden, 
that chronic disease of the kidneys and arteries was restricted chiefly to the carnivorous animals and that chronic vascular and 
renal lesions were confined entirely to these animals. According to investigators the work of the kidneys is doubled and trebled 
by flesh eating. Bunge has shown that the liver is greatly over stimulated when meat is given and that as a result there is over- 
production by this organ or a ferment which induced excessive oxidation and consequent loss of energy and endurance. 

PARASITES 

The fruitarian is at an advantage not only because he does not partake of the toxins of meat; he also escapes the danger of 
parasitic infection. Professor George D. Williams, of Washington University, in soaking up desiccated tissues of Eskimo 
mummies found a large number of tapeworm eggs, thus indicating the presence of parasitic infection among these people. It is 
highly probable that the Eskimos of the present age, living as they do chiefly upon animal flesh (and some of this raw) are 
likewise afflicted to some extent with parasites. Intestines free from parasites are found chiefly among plant eating animals. 
Approximately 81 per cent of all fish which have been examined (most of which are carnivorous) are infested with parasites of 
over fifty different species. 

Trichina and tapeworm are the two chief parasites which enter the human body in meat. The trichina is derived from pork, the 
tapeworm from pork, beef and fish. Of these parasites the trichina is the most dangerous, resulting as it frequently does in 
fatality. If meat is thoroughly cooked, any parasites it might contain are killed. But when meat is so prepared it loses a large 
portion of its vitamins and minerals and can no longer support life with freedom from much disease, even among carnivorous 
animals, If we have to choose between raw meat containing parasites and parasite-free well-cooked meat, 'it would be best to 
choose the raw product. However, the better plan is to dispense with meat entirely; thus eliminating the danger of parasites and 
also the disease-producing tendency of cooked foods. 

EGGS 

It is the common opinion of most authorities that if a diet excluding meat is to be successful, extensive use must be made of 
other animal foods such as eggs and milk. In reality such opinions are not well founded. We do not find in eggs a product which 
is appreciably superior to meat. True it is that eggs do not contain many of the toxins of meat. They do not contain the millions 
of putrefactive bacteria of meat; nor are they (except in rare instances) infected with parasites. Nevertheless, they cannot be 
considered a food well adapted for use by the human animal. 

One of the foremost objections to eggs is their high content of cholesterol, a resinous material from which gallstones are made. 
Normally the blood contains about 20 grains of cholesterol. When gallstones exist this amount is greatly increased. An egg 
contains about four grains of cholesterol. When eggs are eaten in great amounts the cholesterol content of the blood rises and 
the tendency towards the development of gallstones and perhaps other diseases increases. 

The white is the most harmful portion of the egg. Abderhalden found that egg white is not acted upon by pepsin, and Okada 
discovered that both the bile and pancreatic juice are indifferent to this food. Fully 30 to 50 per cent of the egg white passes 
through the digestive tract undigested. According to Vernon, Hetin and Prof. Bayliss, of the University of London, raw egg white 
contains a substance which interferes with the action of the digestive juices. This substance is destroyed during long cooking 
but the remedy is worse than the original trouble. Long cooking detracts still further from the digestibility of egg white. There is 



also the destruction of vitamins and minerals which removes any healthful qualities the egg might originally have had. 

Eggs putrefy fully as rapidly as meat in the digestive tract. Steinitz discovered that raw egg whites, when given to dogs, 
frequently cause vomiting and diarrhea. In one instance, when five egg whites were given to a 15 pound dog, the stools 
presented a very offensive odor and contained considerable mucous indicating, not only much putrefaction, but also infection. 
Egg whites putrefy more readily than do the yolks because they remain largely undigested in the small and large intestine, 
whereas the yolks are easily digested and absorbed before putrefaction is so far advanced. 

Eggs are no doubt a prominent cause of Bright's disease and other forms of kidney impairment. The healthy kidney never 
permits the passage of albumin. If this material is found in the urine it is evidence that the kidneys have been damaged. In fact 
albumin in the urine is the first symptom the doctor looks for in determining whether there has been any tissue destruction in 
the kidneys. It is noteworthy in this connection that the extensive use of egg white over a long period of time is often followed 
by albumin in the urine. This was observed by both Steinnitz and Claude Bernard. As a result, physicians now usually advise 
patients with kidney ailments to either cease eating eggs or to eat them very moderately. However, the more practical advice 
would be to never acquire the egg eating habit in the first place and thus remove an important cause of kidney impairment. 

MILK AND CHEESE 

Milk is highly recommended by nutritionists, home economists, doctors, advertisers and public health associations as being the 
one perfect food; the one indispensable food which we positively must have, without which we cannot build strong bones, 
sound teeth, efficiency of the nervous system, good rich blood, proper muscular tone, vigor and energy. The public is led to 
believe that a quart of milk per day is the first requirement of good health; that their first duty to their children is to get them, in 
one way or another, to drink more and more milk. The "definite disease-resisting powers" of milk are stressed again and again. 

These extravagant claims as to the value of milk obviously have a purely economic basis. There is no evidence to indicate that 
milk is an indispensable food. On the contrary, everything points to the fact that milk is superfluous for adults, that in all species 
of mammalian life its need is confined to the nursing infant. No undomesticated animal partakes of milk after the suckling stage 
is past. Milk is perfectly adapted to the young infant and the kind of milk best suited for this purpose is that of a similar species. 
Cow's milk is best suited for calves; goat's milk is best suited for the young kid; sheep's milk is best suited for the young lamb: 
and only human milk from the mother is well suited for the young child. The consumption of milk forms the basis of mammalian 
life but only insofar as the welfare of the suckling is concerned. 

Man has suffered no small amount as a result of his practice of consuming milk in adulthood. In the adult stomach milk 
frequently forms rubber-like curds which defy digestion. Severe cases of constipation, as well as catarrh, halitosis and other 
ailments, often follow the extensive use of this food. Many find that they need only cease drinking milk in order to eliminate 
these troubles. It is especially in catarrh of the nasal passages and throat that the disease-producing power of milk has been 
most clearly seen. Many hygienists have claimed that the consumption of large amounts of milk is the most important cause of 
this ailment, and though this is not completely proven, a great deal of evidence may be found to back up their viewpoint. 
Anyone who has compared the effect of milk-free diets and diets which include the daily quart of milk must realize that, far from 
possessing "definite disease-resisting powers," milk (and its various products) is in itself a cause of no inconsiderable amount 
of disease. 

The only time that milk improves the health is when it is added to a diet which is hopelessly inadequate in many essential 
nutritive elements. When a wide variety of plant foods, especially raw fruits and nuts, is unavailable, as is the case of the 
isolated Swiss and certain other primitive groups, the addition of milk is advisable to supply the minerals, vitamins and first 
class proteins which would otherwise be lacking. But the well-balanced fruitarian diet supplies adequate amounts of minerals, 
vitamins, first class proteins and all other dietary essentials. It does not need to be supplemented with milk or any other animal 
food. In fact, additions will be harmful rather than helpful. 

What has been said here in regard to milk applies with equal or greater force to cheese. This food is simply a concentration of 
milk, and in addition to embodying all of the objectionable features of the product from whence it is made, it is usually highly 
salted. Cheese which is ripened over a long period of time contains millions of putrefactive bacteria and is in a state of 
decomposition. Of all the products made from milk, it is the most objectionable. 

THE IDEAL DIET 

In view of all the preceding facts it becomes apparent that plant foods are not only capable of supporting life when used as the 
sole source of nutritive matter but that they are able to support life in a manner which permits the finest physical development 
and the greatest freedom from disease. Man is a frugivorous animal and thrives best upon the fruitarian diet. Throughout most 
of his history he appears to have used other diets but he hasn't lived well upon them. He has survived it is true, but we are 
interested in more than mere survival. We want optimum health, the very highest that can be built. To acquire that, we must 
recognize our nutritional needs and these call for a fruitarian diet. 



With the fruitarian diet you gain the opportunity to rise above the health standards of the primitive. No credit is taken from the 
superiority of the primitive's foods over the conventional foods of civilized races in recognizing the greater value of the fruitarian 
dietary regime; the fruitarian diet simply allows you to go one step further than the primitive. It gives you the advantage not only 
of unrefined foods but also of a system of eating which eliminates the use of the disease-producing products of the animal 
kingdom. 

In planning the perfect diet, two fundamental principles must be employed as guides. Only natural, uncooked, unrefined, 
unprocessed, unchanged foods must be used, and these must be selected from the plant kingdom. Raw plant foods are ideal 
for man. They will support life at the highest possible level and will provide the greatest freedom from disease. An iron-clad rule 
should be made never to eat food which has been cooked or obtained from other than the plant kingdom. Those who follow this 
rule will have taken the biggest single step in their quest for a mode of living which will preserve their physiological youth over 
the longest period of time. 

Salubrious Living - 08 

The Fruitarian Diet: Planning the Perfect Nutritional Regime 



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Salubrious Living - 09 



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How to plan your meals: The Hygienic Methods of Preparing Foods and Balancing 
Meals 

Ever since the days of Homer in ancient Greece, advice has been written on the art of preparing foods so as to render them 
most palatable. Homer described the Grecian methods of cooking meats but didn't give much real culinary advice. The 
Deipnosophists of Athenaeus was the basic cooking catalog of the ancient world. It offered a wide variety of wines and dishes, 
interspersed with much poetry and conversation, including some of the writings of the famed Sappho. 

It was left to the Romans, however, to give the cooking art a topnotch reputable position. All Roman life centered around the 
pleasures of the palate. These people lived to eat in a near literal sense. They provided the world with some of the most 
extensive instructions for counteracting the effect of overeating after they had established this practice as a national institution. 
The typical Roman feast was a mixture of gluttony and spewing, the latter being established as the basic remedy for the 
former. 

In the dark ages the entire cooking art went to pot with everything else. This was not much of a loss however; there was 
nothing in the ancient art of cooking worth saving. The rebirth of interest in cooking recipes at the end of the fourteenth century 
was founded upon the principles of the old Romans; overeating was encouraged and foods were recommended for their flavor, 
irrespective of the effect they might have on the digestive organs. By the seventeenth century every reputable cookbook had 
an appendix which gave detailed instructions for combating the ill effects of indigestion, constipation and gout, maladies which 
were recognized as due to overeating and use of rich, highly seasoned foods. The author of every cookbook felt honor bound 
to explain how to counteract the effect his recipes and menus induced. 

At the beginning of the twentieth century, authors dropped the sections of pathology and medical advice from their cookbooks. 
People began to eat a little more sanely; salads gained a new place on the menu plans and a social reprobation was attached 
to gorging and expanded waistlines. However, the cookbook improvements were on a small scale; recipes and menus still 
were not based upon the available nutritional knowledge. Nor are they to this day. Modern cookbooks offer recipes which are in 
no sense desirable from a hygienic standpoint. They generally include such foods as white flour, lard, with sugar, spices, salt 
and vinegar as their primary ingredients, and are designed entirely to appeal to the user's perverted sense of taste, without the 
slightest regard for the nutritive needs of the body. 

A little better, perhaps, are the so-called balanced menus of the university investigators who for years have spoken of little else 
but "protective foods". These menus include coffee, tea, salt, white sugar, white bread and other harmful foods. They can best 
be distinguished from the more conventional menus by the fact that they are fortified with larger amounts of milk, fruits and 
vegetables. This is an improvement, but only a very slight one; certainly it is of little importance from a hygienic viewpoint. With 
the development of the "health food industry" came a new art of cooking which excluded refined foods from recipes. This was 
another improvement: it permitted you to employ a primitive type of diet. A large number of cookbooks following this plan have 
been published. Whole grains, Soya flours, raw sugar, honey, unsulphured Molasses, vegetable salt, butter, vegetable oils and 
herbs are recommended in preference to other ingredients. Fruits, vegetables, whole grain bread, meat, milk and eggs are the 
basis foods of the menus. This is all very well for those who are satisfied with halfway measures. But it must be rejected by 
hygienists as being too conservative. A radical revolution of food preparation methods is needed. 

No cookbook can be based upon the modern science of nutrition. Cooking itself must be dispensed with as a means of 
preparing food, a new culinary art is needed, one based upon the preparation of raw foods. In the kitchen the grater, shredder, 
chopping knife, Juicer and liquefier must replace the cook stove. Foods must be palatable but they need not be cooked and 
refined to render them so. Here you will find recipes and menus which call for the finest types of foods, those of the plant 
kingdom as they are found in their completely natural state. Only a small number are given. But they can serve as a model for 
all of your food preparation. With a little experimentation you will be able to create many new tempting dishes which are both 
healthful and delightful to the sense of taste. The hundreds upon hundreds of delicious foods of the plant kingdom, and the 
thousands of varieties of these foods permit meals which have no equal for flavor and palatability. True it is that most of these 
foods have not yet been made available in most areas of the world, but there is usually sufficient variety to permit the 
successful employment of the fruitarian diet. As the demand for increasing amounts and kinds of plant foods arises, new 
supplies will become available. Modern transportation facilities permit the movement of plant foods to all areas of the United 
States and offer a potential means of supplying restaurants, cafeterias, housewives, hospitals and sanatoriums with a wide 
variety of fruits, vegetables and nuts during all seasons of the year. The present lack of many of these foods in the northern 
states during the winter months is only the result of lack of public demand. 

Tropical fruits, especially, are a rarity in most regions of the temperate zone. Practically no one can obtain a wide variety of 
these foods during all seasons of the year. Even in the tropical regions fruit culture remains underdeveloped and there is a 
scarcity of tropical fruits. Inhabitants of subtropical regions such as Florida, Southern California and the Mediterranean Basin 
can use at least a few of the tropical fruits frequently available in these regions. For the most part, however, the inhabitants of 



the United States will, at least for the present, have to forego the use of most of these foods. Bananas, oranges, grapefruit, 
lemons, limes, dates, figs and mangos these are about the only tropical and sub-tropical fruits presently available in most 
states. In the future, however, if the demand arises, we may expect a wider variety of tropical fruits to find its place in the fruit 
and vegetable markets. Among the numerous fruits which might be suitable for transportation to the temperate regions are: 
cashew-apples, sugar-apples, star-apples, rose-apples, imbus, ambarellas, red mombins, yellow mombins, cherirnoyas, 
soursops, llamas, soncoyas, papayas, sweet granadillas, purple granadillas, giant granadillas, capulins, loquats, manzanillas, 
icacos, pineapple guavas, strawberry guavas, pitangas, feijoas, jaboticabas, grumichamas, litchis, longans, rambutans, 
sapodillas, sapotes, canistels, kakis, mangosteens, jackfruits, durians, tunas, carissas and carambolas. Some of these fruits 
are, in fact, well suited for growth in the subtropical regions of the United States. Being man's most palatable foods, their 
extensive culture is one of the most urgent needs of the day. 

Recipes and menus which include liberal amounts of tropical fruits should be considered superior to ail others from the 
standpoint of health as well as palatability. Man is a tropical animal, and though he may live well in the temperate regions with 
the use of such artificial aids as clothing and modern heating appliances, he remains best suited to the tropical regions in which 
he probably began his evolutionary descent. Likewise, the foods of the tropics are best suited to support human life. The great 
variety and abundance in which they are found serves in an admirable manner the needs of man. This does not mean that the 
tropics are a necessary prerequisite to good health, nor does it mean that the plant foods grown in the temperate zone are not 
of great value. It means only that we should make an effort to balance our diets with tropical fruits, rather than restrict ourselves 
to the standard fruits, vegetables and nuts of the temperate regions. Remember, the variety in the diet always add to diet's 
value, providing the increased variety includes only healthful foods. A restricted selection of plant foods (up to a certain limit) 
can produce good health. It is superior to either a modernized or primitive diet, but it can never be the equal of the diet which 
includes both foods of the temperate zone and a wide variety of tropical fruits, nuts and plants. 

ADD VEGETABLE JUICES TO YOUR DIET 

If you have an electric vegetable juicer you can make your meals much more appetizing. These juicers can be obtained in 
various kitchen appliance shops and health foods stores. They enable you to make many delicious juices from not only 
vegetables but also from such fruits as peaches, pears, apples and berries. Many vegetable juices are palatable in their pure 
unmixed form whereas others should be mixed with additional juices. A little experimentation will enable you to find just which 
combinations are most appealing. The following are given as samples: 

1 . Carrots 

2. Carrots and celery 

3. Carrots, celery, spinach and parsley 

4. Cucumbers and grapefruit juice 

5. Beets and pineapples 

6. Beets and apples 

7. Green peppers, celery and lemon juice 

8. Carrots and apples 

9. Carrots, celery and apples 

10. Carrots, celery, and parsley 

1 1 . Strawberries 

12. Raspberries 

13. Apples 

14. Pears 

15. Peaches 

16. Pineapples 

17. Celery 

THE LIQUIFIER 

There are also many fine beverages which can be made with the liquefier, food blender or fletcherizer, as it is commonly called. 
This electric machine enables you to make the most delicious dressings for salads through its ability to semi-liquefy such foods 
as bananas and avocados. It removes the need of mashing these foods by hand in order to give them a suitable consistency 
for use as dressing. In addition the liquefier allows the liquefying of salads, nuts and other foods for the people who find them 
difficult to chew because of poor teeth. 

REMOVING ARSENIC FROM FOODS 

In making salads, juices, and liquefied meals be sure to use perfectly clean foods. Obtain unsprayed fruits and vegetables if 
possible. However, if they have been sprayed it is advisable to wash them in a 1 per cent solution of hydrochloric acid with 
three quarts of water or by mixing a 10 per cent solution of hydrochloric acid with nine parts of water. The mixture can then be 
used for several washings and should be renewed every three days. Be sure to rinse your fruits and vegetables very 



thoroughly after using the hydrochloric acid solution. It is a good idea to raise fruits and vegetables in your own garden if you 
can, for then you can be certain that they are not sprayed with arsenic, and you need not bother with the solution of 
hydrochloric acid. (Vinegar may also be used as a cleanser.) 

FOOD SELECTION 

With the following recipes and menus serving as models you should be able to follow a healthful plan of nutrition. It will be 
noted that the salads and meals which are suggested contain a wide variety of foods. Only a few people those living where 
these foods are available can follow these recipes with no deviations therefrom. However, this does not prevent the majority 
from making a practical application of them. They are offered only as a guide to a better plan of nutrition. They represent a 
degree of excellence which you should approach as closely as the variety and general selection of foods permit. Don't become 
disturbed when you cannot obtain all of the foods mentioned. Substitutions can always be made; there are no indispensable 
foods. It is only the general classes of foods, the fruits, green plants and nuts, which should be included in every menu plan. It 
is a good idea to include at least one food from each of these classes in your diet each day. Restricted class selection is made 
only on elimination diets. Remember that it is not only what you eat that counts but also how you eat. All of the foods on the 
raw fruitarian diet should be masticated very thoroughly; they should be eaten only when there is a definite desire for food and 
never in the presence of great mental and physical distress. It won't hurt you to miss a meal now and then but to overeat even 
uncooked plant food is definitely harmful. The use of the foods in these salad recipes and menus, when associated with 
thorough mastication, real hunger and moderation in quantity, builds the best health. It gives you the greatest insurance that 
can be had against disease and senility. 

SALADS 

CELERY-NUT SALAD 

4 stalks celery, sliced 

1 green pepper, minced 
Parsley 

2 large tomatoes 
1/2 cup grated nuts 

Cut the tomatoes in small pieces and mix with the celery and green pepper. Add a mixture of orange and lemon Juice as 
dressing. Use lettuce leaves as a bed for this salad and sprinkle with grated nuts. Garnish with parsley. 

APPLE SALAD 

1 1/2 cups diced apples 

1 cup diced banana 

1 cup sliced celery 

1/2 cup raisins 

Mix the ingredients and serve in lettuce cups. 

AVOCADO SURPRISE 

1 large ripe avocado 
1/2 cup sliced celery 

3 slices of fresh pineapple 
1/4 cup chopped almonds 

Dice the avocado and pineapple and mix all the ingredients. 

AVOCADO - ORANGE SALAD 

2 cups diced avocado 

1 cup sliced celery 

4 oranges 

Slice the oranges and mix with the avocado and celery. 
Serve on crisp greens without dressing. 

AVOCADO PINEAPPLE SALAD 

2 sliced avocados 
1 sliced grapefruit 

1 sliced pineapple 

2 sliced apples 



Arrange the fruit slices on lettuce leaves. 

BRAZILIAN SALAD 

1 cup chopped pineapple 

1/2 cup Brazil nuts 

1/2 cup sliced celery 

Chop the Brazil nuts into small pieces and mix all the ingredients. Add endive and parsley leaves. Serve on green leaves. 

BANANA - DATE SALAD 

1 cup chopped dates 

1 cup diced celery 

2 cups diced banana 

Mix the ingredients and serve on fresh green leaves, preferably lettuce. 

FRUIT COLE SLAW 

1 head cabbage, shredded 

3 cups diced pineapple 

2 apples diced 

1 cup sliced celery 

Mix all the ingredients and serve on crisp Romaine leaves. 

MANGO DELIGHT 

2 mangos 
2 apples 

2 bananas 

1 cup dates 

Cut the mangos, apples and bananas into small pieces; slit the dates into halves. Mix all the ingredients. 

VEGETABLE NUT SALAD 

1 small bunch parsley 

1 cup sliced Brazil nuts 

1 small head Romaine lettuce 

1 cup tomatoes 

1/2 cup chopped sweet pepper 

Mix nuts, tomatoes, and peppers. Place on lettuce leaves. 

RAINBOW SALAD 

1 small head red cabbage 

2 turnips 
2 carrots 

1 large beet 

2 tablespoons parsley 

Grate the turnips, carrots, beets; shred the cabbage. Place in rainbow fashion on shredded lettuce leaves. Sprinkle with minced 
parsley. 

FRUIT ROLLS 

1 cup dates 

1 cup seedless raisins 

1 cup black figs 

Put dates, figs, and raisins through the food grinder and roll out in a flat layer. Cut in slices. 

Salubrious Living - 09 

How to plan your meals: The Hygienic Methods of Preparing Foods and Balancing 
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Salubrious Living - 10 

The Best Sources of Minerals and Vitamins: Obtaining the Needed Elements In 
Their Organic Form 

Modern science has proven conclusively that the body requires a wide variety of minerals and vitamins in order to be healthy. It 
has shown that all types of animals, including man, succumb to disease if even one of these elements is lacking in the diet. It 
has shown that throughout the animal kingdom health is dependent upon the chemistry of living tissues, and that this chemistry 
is determined by the amounts of minerals and vitamins in the foods which are eaten. Those races which get the greatest 
amounts of these elements in their diet possess the greatest resistance to disease. 

Commercial interests were quick to grasp the significance of these discoveries. They recognized the fact that, if minerals and 
vitamins were of such great value, the public would sooner or later start using the foods which contained them in the greatest 
quantities. From this development the drug and chemical enterprises could not profit. Hence the minerals were isolated and 
concentrated into small tablets, and the vitamins were created synthetically and also put into tablet form. The tablets were in 
turn sold to the public as substitutes for natural foods. Under this plan the basic food industries- those which manufacture white 
flour, white flour products, white sugar, refined cereals and denatured foods of all kinds- were not harmed in the slightest, and 
the chemical industries gained the opportunities to reap the greatest profits. The manufacture of mineral and vitamin 
concentrates became the very basis of some of these industries. 

The facts regarding these concentrates are not in accordance with the popular opinions and advertising claims. The 
manufacture and sale of mineral and vitamin concentrates is, for all practical purposes, a financial racket. The daily 
requirements of mineral and vitamins cannot be met by using special tablets, capsules and concentrates. No special 
concentrated preparations can remove the need for natural foods. From a hygienic viewpoint these products are not only 
unnecessary but definitely harmful. There is no room in a healthful diet for isolated vitamins and minerals of any kind. 

You need minerals and vitamins. That is a proven fact. But all minerals and vitamins are not the same. A mineral can be 
necessary for human health in one form and harmful in another. And the same is true for vitamins. The evidence as it stands 
today indicates that these elements can be both lifesavers and poisons. One single mineral can be absolutely essential for 
health, whereas that same mineral, in a different form, can produce instant death. 

ORGANIC AND INORGANIC MINERALS 

Minerals are divided into two distinct types. There are the organic minerals which are found in living matter, and the inorganic 
minerals which are found in the soil, rocks, ashes and other earthly elements which do not possess life. For instance, the iron, 
calcium, phosphorous and other minerals which are found in lettuce, oranges, grapes, apples, walnuts, almonds and other 
plant foods are organic. Likewise, all of the minerals which are found in animal flesh or animal products such as milk and eggs 
are organic. The word organic really pertains to that which is living. The word inorganic pertains to the crude elements of the 
earth which are found in the dead, inert mass. Inorganic minerals are also those which are produced in the laboratory by 
reducing foods to an ash and then separating the various mineral and mineral compounds which are released as the food is 
broken down. The minerals contained in the plant and animal material are organic only so long as this material retains a certain 
resemblance of its living cell structure. After its death, as it decays, it is broken into its component parts, the minerals are 
released and all again become part of the soil in an inorganic form. 

Now the question comes up as to just how the organic minerals differ in the structure from the inorganic minerals. This is 
something no chemist has ever been able to answer. It is impossible to isolate the organic mineral and thus make it available 
for analysis. All life exists in a complex mixture. The organic minerals of the plant are inseparably combined with each other 
and also with the vitamins of the plant. As long as the plant is not broken down to an ash these minerals remained combined. 
No one can separate them. The isolation of minerals takes place only after the plant structure is completely broken down, and 
by this time the mineral can no longer remain organic. It is possible that the only difference between the organic and inorganic 
minerals lies in the combination in which they are found. The organic combination may be all that distinguishes the life of the 
plant from the condition of the soil. Life itself may be just a matter of chemical combinations. And these combinations may be 
the deciding factor in giving the organic minerals the power to support animal life (but not plant life) and in giving the inorganic 
minerals the power to support plant life (but not animal life). However, what the difference between organic and inorganic 
minerals may be is not what chiefly concerns us here. The important thing is to discover the difference between the effects of 
these inorganic and organic elements. Just why the effects of the respective elements differ is a secret which we will have to 
leave to Nature, for the present at least. 

THE EFFECTS OF INORGANIC MINERALS 

The human body is composed of 16 principal mineral elements. In addition, there are numerous others which exist in the body 
in just small traces. These are called the trace elements. All of these elements exist in the body in their organic form and they 



were obtained from plant and animal foods in their organic form. This transference of minerals from the plant and animal foods 
to man is itself indicative of the indispensability of minerals in their organic form. If inorganic minerals were capable of 
supporting animal life, man could live on ordinary soil instead of on plants. But man cannot live upon soil; nor can he live upon 
finely crushed rocks or ashes, even though these contain all of the minerals found in the human body. These lifeless sources of 
inorganic materials, when used as animal food, not only will not support life but they tend to destroy it. As sources of food, 
inorganic minerals are for plants only. The majority of pure, uncombined, inorganic minerals will produce several symptoms of 
disease or instant death if taken even in small amounts. Just a few grains of inorganic phosphorus are a fatal dose, and only 
one milligram of uncombined inorganic potassium is required to produce death. Inorganic iodine and inorganic arsenic are also 
good medicines for those who want a quick way out. Inorganic arsenic has been used as a means of suicide and premeditated 
murder for decades. Most of the other organic minerals are less poisonous, large doses of them are required before death 
ensues. However, the only difference here is one of degree; the inorganic minerals are all harmful to animal life, though some 
are more so than others. 

Medical science was the first to use inorganic minerals. Doctors employed them as medicines for specific diseases. The 
patients suffered greatly under this plan; true, symptoms were sometimes temporarily suppressed but the mineral thus added 
to the cause of disease. The patients were not instantly killed by the minerals only because the doctors prescribed very small 
doses. The more poisonous the mineral, the less they prescribe, always being careful to keep below the fatal dosage. Perhaps 
a few patients died after even the small doses but the majority managed to survive. The nutritional scientists in the university 
laboratories were the next to use inorganic minerals. However, they used them for experimental rather than medicinal 
purposes. In thousands of experiments with white rats inorganic minerals were used to a very great extent. Such experiments 
are, in fact, still being carried on. In order to learn more of the effects of mineral deficiencies the scientists place the rats on 
very restricted diets which are completely lacking in certain essential minerals. Almost invariably the rats become sick, their 
type of illness depending upon which of the minerals are lacking. The scientists then give the rats very small amounts of the 
lacking mineral. As organic minerals cannot be isolated they supply the mineral in its inorganic form. Occasionally the rats 
recover. The scientist proclaims his discovery to the world, and new disease-remedial powers are ascribed to the inorganic 
mineral used. The assumption is then made that inorganic minerals are equally as valuable as organic minerals as preventive 
of disease or remedies for disease. 

On the surface it may appear that the nutritional scientist is correct - inorganic minerals may be equally as valuable as organic 
minerals. But closer observation provides a different picture. The rats appear to be helped by the inorganic minerals only 
because their bodies are stimulated to resist the introduction of a poisonous substance. This temporary stimulation is the same 
kind of "help" that a person with a headache gets when he drinks a cup of coffee. The introduction of any poison into the body 
calls forth its energies to resist. This bodily defense activity is mistaken for improvement, whereas it is merely enervation. 

The inorganic mineral is always a poison and must be eliminated. The effort required by the body to do this will deplete its 
energies and result in more weakness and sickness later on. It must be remembered that in the rat experiments in which some 
apparent benefit was observed, only very minute quantities of inorganic minerals were used. Large quantities of the inorganic 
minerals, such as are normally present in their organic form in natural foods, often produce very toxic reactions among the rats. 
The toleration point of the inorganic minerals is very low. Whereas ten grains of certain minerals are tolerated in their organic 
state, often just a few grains of the same mineral, when used in its inorganic form, will produce serious disease and 
occasionally even death. 

No one has ever proven that the addition of the inorganic minerals to a diet produces any improvement in health. Indeed, the 
evidence indicates the opposite. The mineral tablets which are sold in drug stores and health food stores must necessarily 
contain inorganic rather than organic minerals. Care is always taken in their manufacture to use only as much mineral as can 
be taken without causing the development of symptoms which let the user know that he is being poisoned. This calls for only 
minute quantities of minerals in each tablet. However, even these small amounts can do serious harm. Only a very small 
amount of inorganic calcium with synthetic vitamin D is required in the pregnant mother's diet to cause a marked calcification of 
her kidneys as well as partial closure of the fontanel opening in the head of the infant. The latter abnormality fails to permit the 
infant's head to shape itself according to the shape and size of the birth canal and as a result childbirth is made very difficult 
and painful. In spite of this fact, it is considered the soundest nutritional advice to recommend a combination of inorganic 
calcium with vitamin D for pregnant mothers. These people need calcium and plenty of it but they need it in its organic form. 
The diets of many primitives contain ten times the minimum requirement of organic calcium, but with them childbirth is very 
easy and there is no calcification of the kidneys. It is only the inorganic mineral, even when taken in very small amounts, which 
produces these symptoms. The damaging effects of inorganic fluorine upon the human body have been noticed in those 
localities where drinking water contains more than two parts per million of this mineral. The teeth of the people who drink this 
water regularly become stained and mottled. In addition, the teeth often become translucent (that is, they loose their white 
normal color). In some cases they become pitted. But the teeth are not alt that suffer from fluorine poisoning. The whole body is 
affected, with particular emphasis upon the bones. The symptoms are quite often serious and include, in addition to tooth 
troubles, retarded ossification of the connective tissues, depressed appetite, diuresis, estrual disturbances, loss of weight, 
anorexia, a great transparency of the bones, as well as softening and thickening of certain bones. And remember, this is the 
result of a comparatively small amount of inorganic fluorine. You get fluorine every day in your foods but do not suffer as a 



result. Rather, you are benefited, for the body needs organic fluorine. It is only inorganic fluorine which produces symptoms of 
disease. 

The inorganic mineral chlorine is added to the water of most cities. The chlorine supposedly purifies the water, killing many 
kinds of bacteria; it also kills humans. Only the humans are killed more slowly. They are slowly poisoned year after year 
throughout their life. Inorganic chlorine, when taken in large amounts, is fatal. In World War I it was used in manufacturing 
poisonous gasses. The amount of chlorine in city water is not enough to produce symptoms of immediate poisoning but it is no 
doubt a contributory cause of much disease. However, the organic chlorine which is found in foods is essential for the best 
health. Perhaps one of the most deadly in all inorganic minerals is iodine. This element has been used for many years as a 
preventive of goiter. Most of the salt sold today is iodized; that is, minute quantities of inorganic iodine are added to it. The 
water supplies of most large cities are still free from inorganic iodine but many are attempting to make the addition of this 
mineral to all drinking water a standard procedure. A few years ago it was the common practice to add iodine to drinking water. 
Doctors recommended the procedure very highly. However, the results of the practice were not so good. Even as little as a 
drop of inorganic iodine often produces the most toxic symptoms, chief of which are gastric distress and severe skin rashes. 
Eczema often results from iodine poisoning. As for actual deaths occurring from the use of inorganic iodine, these are more 
frequent than is commonly supposed. A drop of inorganic iodine per day over a long period of time has been, in itself, the sole 
cause of some deaths. The real source of the only harmless iodine is natural food. Organic iodine as found in food is more 
effective than inorganic iodine as a preventive of goiter and it produces no toxic symptoms, even when used in great excess of 
the body's requirements. The story of iodine, chlorine, fluorine and calcium is similar to that of the other inorganic minerals. 
Almost invariably these minerals act as irritants to living tissues. When they are added to the normal menu, inorganic minerals 
are just so many extra toxins which the body must dispose of. For every one disease they may appear to prevent, they actually 
produce several more, and these are often more serious than the original disease. So for your health's sake avoid inorganic 
minerals of all kinds. Don't take mineral tablets, pills or concentrates under any circumstances. Use distilled water in preference 
to chlorinated city water or water which contains much fluorine. If you can't buy distilled water, buy a water distiller and you will 
be able to remove the inorganic minerals from the water yourself. In addition, never use aluminum cooking utensils as these 
corrode very easily and some of the aluminum finds its way into the food. Use plants which have not been sprayed with 
inorganic arsenic, or if this is impossible be sure you remove all of the arsenic from the plants before using them. Avoid the 
inorganic sodium chloride which is generally known as table salt and be particularly careful not to use the iodized product. 
Simply keep away as much as it is possible from the use of all inorganic minerals. Get your minerals from the plant kingdom, 
or, at second best, from the animal kingdom. These minerals your body can use most effectively. They are fully adequate for 
the prevention of all deficiency diseases and they will not poison you. 

SYNTHETIC VITAMINS 

Many of the facts which apply to minerals also apply to vitamins. You need vitamins plenty of them. Vitamins are fully as 
important to health as are the minerals. However, you need them only in their natural form. Vitamins, like minerals, must be 
found in organic combinations with other elements. The value of each vitamin depends upon the way in which it is combined. In 
their organic combination, vitamins give no toxic reactions; they supply your needs in an ideal manner. Most vitamins can be 
isolated in the same manner that minerals can be isolated. The food must be broken down to an ash so that the chemist can 
recover the vitamins in their pure uncombined state. Some of the vitamins can also be created synthetically in the laboratory. 
These are similar to the isolated vitamins taken from the food and they produce similar effects. The isolated vitamins and the 
synthetic vitamins (which are also isolated) might be compared to inorganic minerals, and the natural vitamins to the organic 
minerals. 

As for the toxic reactions which follow the employment of the isolated vitamins, whether created synthetically or taken from 
food, these are not as severe as those which follow the use of inorganic minerals. But nevertheless, they do act as toxins and 
are a cause of disease. Vitamins B and D are the most harmful when taken in very large doses in their isolated states. 
Synthetic vitamin D was formerly employed to a great extent in treating arthritis patients, but it was soon discovered that more 
harm than good was accomplished, If it is taken in small amounts, the arthritis is not helped at all but when massive doses are 
used, which appear to result in a little improvement, the patient is harmed in so many other ways that the treatment is no longer 
considered practical. The chief ill effects involved in these cases are heart lesions and calcium deposits in the body. Pyridoxine 
and thiamin, two members of the B complex vitamin group are known to impair health when taken in large amounts of their 
isolated form. The pyridoxine tends to cause premature graying of the hair; the thiamin causes multiple evidences of toxicity 
including hyperthyroidism and high blood pressure. When large amounts of isolated vitamin A are injected into rabbits, the 
animals develop roughening of the skin, rarefaction of the bones, internal hemorrhages and alopecia. Humans may react 
somewhat differently but it is improbable that they remain unharmed. 

It is often held that the natural vitamin A, as it is found in food, produces toxic symptoms when foods very rich in this element 
are use extensively. But there is really no proof of this. Fish liver oils are the richest known source of vitamin A. When they are 
taken in large amounts the heart tissue is often irreparably harmed, and other symptoms of disease also develop. But this is 
not due to the presence of vitamin A. The oils of fish liver are harmful in themselves, regardless of the amount of vitamin A they 
contain. It is notable that the use offish liver oils containing as little as 5,000 units of vitamin A have been known to produce 



symptoms of heart impairment whereas green and yellow vegetables containing as much or far more of this vitamin (in the form 
of carotene) provide nothing but beneficial effects. The use of synthetic vitamins in numerous experimental tests with humans 
shows that these elements provide no improvement whatsoever in the state of health. In one set of these experiments, three 
groups of patients were used. The first group was given synthetic vitamins; the second group was not given any synthetic 
vitamins; and the third group was given pills which they were told contained synthetic vitamins but which in reality contained 
none. The members of the first group said they felt better with the additional synthetic vitamins. But so did the third group. The 
only value of the vitamins in these cases was psychological. Just the belief that they are taking extra vitamins give some 
people the false sense of physical well-being. But as for real physical improvement under the synthetic vitamin regime, there is 
none. In fact, when the synthetic vitamins are taken in sufficient amounts over long periods of time there is a definite 
deterioration of health. If you desire the finest physical condition you should forget synthetic vitamins and inorganic minerals. 
There is no substitute for the products nature offers us. The value of her foods have yet to be equaled or surpassed by 
anything the chemist can produce. Remember, the organic minerals and natural vitamins of natural foods are always good. The 
other are never so, and more often than not they are distinctly harmful. The chemist may be able to isolate all of the elements 
of the apple but he cannot re-combine these elements in a manner which will support life. We have to rely upon Old Mother 
Nature for our production of foodstuffs. And this is all well and good, for she seems to have mastered quite well the art of 
synthesizing and combining the elements of the earth into plants which provide the human body with all of the nourishment it 
requires. 

Salubrious Living - 10 

The Best Sources of Minerals and Vitamins: Obtaining the Needed Elements In 
Their Organic Form 



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Salubrious Living - 11 

SOIL AND FOOD 

Depleted Soil: A Cause of Plant and Animal Deterioration 

The problem of treating and using the soil has long been considered from the standpoint of agriculture. Farmers have long 
been taught to provide their land with special chemicals so as to produce good yields of their crops. The good yields were 
regarded as desirable solely in consideration of the farmer's pocketbook. No effort has been made on the part of the farmer to 
produce crops that supply foods which provide us with the chemicals we need for health. The motive has always been one of 
profit and the farmer's profit never has much to do with the vitamin and mineral content of the foods he grows. 

We have seen that the foods of the primitives often contain over 10 times as many vitamins and minerals as do the foods of 
civilized man. The high vitamin and mineral content of the primitive's food is due largely to the fact that he eats it in an 
unrefined condition. But is also due to the fact that his foods usually are grown on good soil which is not in a depleted 
condition. Many of the foods of the primitive are grown on virgin soil. The natives of the South Seas use an abundance of wild 
fruits which grow in the fertile, virgin soil of the forest. The isolated Swiss of the Loetschental Valley use a method of agriculture 
which has preserved the fertility of the soil for centuries. Growing in these good soils, their plants are sure to be better 
nourished and richer in vitamins and minerals. 

Civilized man can obviously produce only a very small percentage of his foods on undepleted soil. He must use the same land 
again and again. When he does this he removes much of the mineral content of the soil with each crop. He attempts to replace 
a few of the minerals but does not meet with much success. They can add only slightly to the nutritional qualities of the food. In 
spite of the years they have been employed our soils are continually becoming more and more depleted. 

Civilized man also has to reckon with soil erosion. It is through erosion that the soil loses many of its minerals. The minerals 
are washed from the soil into the streams and rivers and often find their eventual home at the riverbed or in the ocean. Using 
the conventional methods agriculture, this erosion cannot be prevented. Rather, it is increased and becomes a greater problem 
with each m year. 

Associated with the increasing depletion of the soil the increasing necessity of using insecticides as a protection against 
insects. Various sprays are also used as a means of protecting the plant against certain diseases. The disease and insect 
menace is indeed a serious one. Again and again it has been shown that the materials used to poison the insect or ward off 
plant diseases are poisonous to man. The are many medical records of deaths which have result from the use of foods sprayed 
with arsenic, the chief form of insecticide used. Insects seem to prefer the sap of unhealthy plants grown in demineralized soil. 
Diseases tend develop in the same plants. The spraying problem is essentially a soil problem. 

Human health deteriorates in direct proportion to the degree to which our soils are depleted. Dr. Weston Price he found that 
mortality rates for heart disease and pneumonia vary in accordance with the depletion of the soil. The areas which have been 
settled longest usually possess the poorest soils and the highest mortality rates. Good soil in general followed by better human 
health and poor soil is followed by deteriorated human health. The history of races and the extent to which they have depleted 
their soil shows this conclusively. It has even been noted that the facial structure markedly changes, with beauty becoming 
more rare, as their soils become exhausted. 

The difference in the mineral and vitamin content of foods grown in different soils is by no means slight. The calcium content of 
the pasturage grown in Pennsylvania and British Columbia is over ten times that of the pasturage of Arizona simply because of 
the differences in the soil. The phosphorus content of the pasture has been seen to vary depending upon the soil. In one series 
of tests the pasturage in one area was found to contain 60 times as much phosphorus as the pasturage of other areas. 

Sea vegetation has been heralded as a superior source of vitamins and minerals. For this reason it is often sold in its 
dehydrated form in health food stores as a supplement to the diet. As a general rule, sea vegetation contains from 10 to 20 
times as many minerals as do land-grown vegetables. The reason again goes back to the soil. The seabed is undepleted. The 
vegetation which arises from it is consequently rich in minerals. It is quite possible that land vegetation could be made as 
valuable as sea vegetation if we could but restore the fertility to the soil. But can we do this? Many prominent scientists claim 
that they know of no method of doing so. Agricultural orthodoxy offers no hope of solution. The farmer and research worker can 
tell you nothing about restoring the original fertility to depleted soils. 

However, the case is not so hopeless as it may first seem. In fact, it is everything but hopeless. It is only by closing our eyes to 
the evidence that we can insist that it is impossible to restore fertility to the depleted soil. In the matter of from two to five years 
or slightly longer, any soil can be restored to the fertility it once possessed. This is no idle theory. It is a proven fact. 

THE CURSE OF THE PLOW 

It was left to Edward H. Faulkner to discover exactly why soil becomes depleted and exactly how its original fertility might be 



restored. Faulkner, a professor at the University of Oklahoma, went back to the land to do some independent research with 
soil. Instead of accepting the tradition of agricultural science he questioned everything and disregarded the very premises and 
basis of this science. After much study he suspected that the moldboard plow might be the agent which is destroying soil 
fertility. He noted that no one had ever advanced a scientific reason for plowing. Plowing just seems to be a custom with 
farmers. 

The experiments of Faulkner on his own farm (followed by the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture) have proven conclusively that the 
plow has done more than anything else to deplete the soil. Faulkner restored the fertility to his soil simply by disking green 
manure (the decaying vegetation and plant residue which covered most of the earth surface) into the surface of the ground, 
and by eliminating the use of the plow. Restoring fertility was hardly a problem at all. It was indeed very easy. It did not involve 
all sorts of fertilizers or soil treatments. Rather it involved only that he stop interfering with nature. Provide the soil with plenty 
decaying vegetative matter, do not prevent it from making use of the same, and it is certain to remain fertile. It is as simple as 
that. 

When land is plowed virtually all the green manure is sandwiched in the soil about six to eight inches below the surface. Here it 
forms a barrier to the water which should otherwise rise from the water table through the soil to the surface. Thus the upper six 
to eight inches of the s become very dry. Most of the capillary action of water movement is broken. The plants suffer from lack 
of water in times of drought they may die altogether. There is escaping this. It is not until the green manure has completely 
decayed that normal capillary action may be restored. 

The decay of vegetation produces much carbon dioxide. When the vegetation decays well below the surface, this gas moves in 
between all of the particles of soil driving out the air to the surface. The nitrogen, which forms a part of the air, is thus lost. The 
plants are robbed one of their most important sources of nutritive matter. 

The combination of carbon dioxide and water forms carbonic acid, one of the most effective solvents of plant food minerals. In 
the presence of carbonic acid these minerals are reduced to forms which the plant may use. When land is plowed it becomes 
so dry that there is little no water with which the carbon dioxide may combine. The result is a lack of carbonic acid in the soil 
and the consequent release of insufficient minerals for the plants. 

Land is most often plowed in the early spring, after extensive thaws, when it is still relatively wet and plastic. The furrow slice is 
compressed when it is separated from its base. Later it is exposed to the wind and sunshine turned into a large clod. 
Smoothing implements turn clod into many small pieces but they do not correct the original damage. The small clods are just 
so much soil which is mustered out of use for the season. 

The tiny particles of silt, clay and sand in plowed do not absorb water. A little of the water clings to their o surface; the rest 
moves about between them. The movement of the water in and over the soil carries man the tiny particles with it. This is known 
as erosion. In many cases the loss of all of the original rich topsoil occurs through the erosive process. The result is a 
thoroughly depleted bed which cannot supply the plants with enough of the vital elements they need. 

The plowing of land makes the agriculturist air totally dependent upon the weather. If there is an unusually large amount of 
rainfall, the immediate surface of the soil is entirely covered by water. On the other hand, if rainfall been moderate or slight, the 
ground is usually too dry. The water which normally would have been preserved from the previous season has disappeared, 
the plowed land being incapable of absorbing and holding much water. 

Plants grown on depleted, plowed soils are particularly susceptible to disease and insect pests. Plants are comparable to all 
forms of animal life in the sense that they suffer from disease when their supply of nutritive matter is defective. The plowed 
land, lacking as it does a good supply of available minerals, offers the perfect environment for plant disease. It likewise offers 
ideal environmental conditions to insect pests. No one knows why insects prefer to eat unhealthy plants but it is an 
unquestioned fact that they do. Possibly the greater proportion of minerals and lesser amount of sugar in the sap of healthy 
plants is distasteful to the insects. If this theory is correct it means that the human race is indeed fortunate. For it would then be 
possible to starve the insects by improving the quality of human food. In giving the plants an ideal environment, we would be 
giving the insects the poorest environment in which to live. The net result would be that insecticides would seldom or never 
have to be used. This would mean the elimination of another source of toxins for humans, inasmuch as we are slowly poisoned 
by arsenic and other sprays used to control plant diseases and insect pests. 

The depletion of soil through plowing necessarily leads to decreased yields. With our new understanding of soil culture it does 
not surprise us to find that the Chinese, with virtually no agricultural machinery, and the Egyptian, who stirs his ground with the 
ancient crooked stick, are able to produce more food per acre than the American and Britisher with all of their heavy 
machinery. The American farmer only produces a fraction as much as he might, simply because he plows his land. In lowering 
the quality of his food he also lowers the quantity. 

As might be expected, the vitamin and mineral content of foods grown in plowed soil is not as high as it should be. We cannot 
expect foods to be rich in these elements if the soil is defective. The soil cannot supply the plant with the minerals it does not 



contain itself. Nor can it provide the minerals if carbonic acid, which renders these available to plants, is lacking. The 
manufacture of vitamins in the plant must be retarded if the plant is unhealthy. In the final analysis we must go back to the soil 
to find the cause of many of our chemical deficiencies. 

SCIENTIFIC SOIL CULTURE 

Soil, as it exists in undisturbed nature in the presence of abundant growing vegetation, generally possesses highest degree of 
fertility. It is continually covered with thick layers of decaying vegetation. There is also a great deal of plant residue scattered 
throughout the upper layer of the soil. This green manure, both in the soil and on the surface serves many purposes. It absorbs 
several times as much rainfall as the pure soil silt, sand and clay could normally hold. Erosion is thus reduced to a point almost 
beyond measurement. There is little or no run-off even in times of very heavy rainfall. The soil (mixed with the green manure is 
so absorbent that much of the water is held over long periods of time, thus reducing to a minimum the danger from droughts. 
The mixture of carbon dioxide and water in the soil's surface forms much carbonic acid, in this way converting many minerals 
into usable forms for the plants. The saprophitic nitrogen-gathering bacteria are given an opportunity to get their nitrogen in the 
open as they work in green manure, thus providing the living plants with the needed nutritive material. There is no difficulty with 
normal capillary action in the soil. Hard dried-out clods are entirely absent. In every way the soil is enriched. The plants are 
given an ideal environment in which to grow- they are rich in vitamins and minerals and highly resistant to all plant diseases 
and insect pests. 

The superiority of Nature's method of soil fertilization is evident from all of these facts. Simple common sense should direct us 
to cooperate rather than interfere with nature in caring for our soil. Scientific soil culture is not new. It had its origin more than a 
billion years ago when the first plant developed. We are merely discovering what should have known all along. 

Approximately 90 to nearly 100 per cent of all soil is composed of finely powdered rock. The remainder is composed of 
decaying organic matter which is provided in form of plant residue. The finely powdered rock is primary source of minerals for 
plants; the organic matter, upon being reduced by myriads of organisms in the soil to liquid decay products, is the secondary 
source. It is decaying organic matter which gives fertile soil its black smudge. As the organic matter disappears from the soil 
color becomes lighter, and agronomists commence dividing the soil into "types" in accordance with color, texture, etc. The rich, 
black topsoil of forestlands is from one to three feet deep; that of grasslands which have never been plowed is even deeper- 
often several times as deep. On the other hand, the plowed lands of American farms have lost much of their black smudge and 
contain only a very small amount of organic matter, with a corresponding drop in fertility. 

Restoring fertility to depleted soils occurs in exact ratio to the amount of organic matter which is reintroduced into the soils and 
the rate at which this is done. The texture and color of the soil changes entirely as the organic matter is added and soil types, 
as such, cease to exist, all types tending to merge into one with similar fertility, color and texture. There is no specific treatment 
of specific soils; the changes in treatment involve only quantity and rate; more organic matter being introduced more rapidly in 
some cases than in others. 

In undisturbed nature it is the work of the earthworms, bugs and other tiny animals to mix the plant residue into the surface of 
the soil. These animals attack their food with great zeal- chewing upon the plant residue as they mix it in to the soil, digesting it 
into colloidal forms, which are only a step away from the liquid decay products which the plant can use, and then turning their 
own dead bodies back to the soil. In forestland as high as ten thousand organisms per square foot are engaged in this process- 
mixing the plant residue into the soil and converting it into liquid decay products. The work goes on at such speed that, by 
adding organic matter to depleted soils fertility is restored in but a few years. Plastic, yellowish clay has been transformed into 
friable, black soil within just a year by covering it with a heavy layer of mulch in the form of leaves. Naturally only the upper few 
inches of the soil were so converted in such a short space of time, but as the roots of most plants get their nourishment from 
the upper part of the soil, this change is sufficient to make great differences in the growing conditions of the plants. It may be 
mentioned in this connection that even trees obtain their chief nourishment from the surface soil- the deeper roots acting as a 
brace for the tree rather than important sources of nourishment. 

Many a profitable business is now operating which sells to gardeners earthworms which can be added to the soil and thus 
increase its fertility. Such action, whereas it recognizes the important part earthworms play in creating fertile soil, is not based 
upon a true understanding of the biological activity in the soil. No number of earthworms will particularly aid soil which lacks 
organic matter. The earthworms of such soil are invariably palled and scrawny, not being able to secure their necessary 
nourishment. In soil containing liberal amounts of organic matter the opposite true. In such soil fat and robust earthworms 
automatic develop in great numbers whether you want them or not. There is absolutely no need to "feed" earthworms to the 
soil. These great soil-aiders will always be on hand proper method of soil care is followed. They are quickly attracted to 
whatever soil that happens to include an abundance of organic matter in its surface. 

Organic matter, in the form of green manure, can be added to the soil in various ways. It can be spread over ground as a heavy 
layer of mulch. Special green manure crops may be grown, or the plant residue which remains after harvesting the previous 
crop may be left on the soil. The land may even be left completely idle, permitting the wild growth of weeds and grasses to take 
place, which is usually a slower method, as the growth is often not as rapid and complete as that of the green manure crops. 



The dead remains of any of these forms of plant life- whether they be green manure crops, the residues of harvested crops, the 
wild weeds and grasses- are turned over to the soil the end of each growing season and added to its supply of organic matter. 

Any of the forms of green manure mentioned may be introduced into the surface of the soil with machinery if it necessary to 
prepare a seed bed, as is of particular importance in the growth of annual grain crops. In such cases it important that the 
proper forms of agricultural machine be employed. The implements to be used for such purposes must naturally vary to some 
extent, depending upon the soil being used, but in most cases the very heavy type of disk harrows are found most practical. In 
stony soils and tough sods heavy cultivators, equipped with chisel-form teeth, are necessary to scarify the soils so that the disk 
harrow may take hold, and in rare instances initial plowing may be desirable, providing it is done shallow enough to permit the 
subsequent disking to cut through the entire plowed layer of ground. 

Thus far, in the employment of plow less methods of agriculture, the growth of green manure crops, followed by their 
subsequent disking into the surface of the soil, has been followed most frequently in grain farming, and to a certain extent in 
vegetable farming. The care of orchard land covered with perennial trees, bushes and small plants need not follow the same 
pattern as the preparation of land for the seeding of annual grain crops. Covering the ground with a heavy layer of mulch, at 
least a few inches thick, and maintaining this layer throughout the year, has been the most common method of restoring fertility 
to orchard land, and will perhaps also be followed in restoring fertility to land covered with nut trees. The layer of mulch creates 
new topsoil conditions in just a season or two. This method quickly removes many of the plant diseases and pests which have 
long plagued fruit growers. The fruits attain a new level of palatability, possessing rich flavors and being of the finest quality. 
Flat-tasting fruits, which are so common today, are absent when this form of soil culture is followed. 

Whether one uses green manure crops or mulch to create fertile soil is also dependent upon the scale of farming being 
followed. When the fertility of very large areas of land is to be restored, it is generally most practical to grow green manure 
crops which provide the soil with plenty of plant residue within a short space of time. This is simpler and involves less work than 
obtaining the plant residue elsewhere and spreading it over the ground in the form of mulch. On the other hand, where small 
garden plots are developed, with the use of hand-tools rather than heavy machinery, it is generally most practical to spread 
mulch over the surface of the ground. Sufficient plant residue, in the form of straw, leaves, weeds, twigs, etc., is usually 
available in such cases to cover small areas with mulch and thus permit restoration of soil fertility. 

Experiments have shown conclusively that no fertilizer other than green manure is necessary to restore the soil to a fertile 
condition. Animal manure, colloidal minerals, lava, ashes, bone, lime, phosphoric acid and potash are all unnecessary if 
sufficient quantities of green manure are provided for the soil. In fact, certain chemical fertilizers are destructive to earthworms 
and thus interfere with the process of decay of organic matter in the soil. Such fertilizers are anything but beneficial and slow 
the rate at which fertility is restored. Decaying vegetation is rich in all of the minerals which farmers attempt to supply with 
artificial fertilizers. It is, in itself, a complete fertilizer. 

Advocates of "organic gardening" with the use of compost question these facts, claiming as they do that animal manure or 
other animal material is necessary in the soil to permit the best results. They may also question whether or not either green 
manure or animal manure can successfully be used as a fertilizer unless it has first been decayed in compost heaps. Actually 
the results of composting are very much the same as those of the surface incorporation of green manure. In fact there appear 
to be certain advantages of letting the plant residue decay in and on the soil rather than in compost heaps, or we would not find 
the addition of animal products to compost heaps necessary. It is quite possible that there are compensating factors in the soil 
which make decay of green manure in its surface more beneficial than would such decay be in compost heaps. 

Those who advocate compost for restoring soil fertility may also be reminded that decay of animal products occurs in the soil 
whether these are added in the form of fertilizers or not. The great array of insect and worm life of the soil is itself continually 
dying and giving way to new life. The decay of these organisms occurs side by side with decay of plant residue and adds to the 
supply of the secondary sources of minerals for plant roots. By providing the soil with green manure we cannot avoid the 
consequent development of animal life, which in turn dies and adds to the supply of decaying organic matter in the soil. 

It is apparent that man has created his own soil problems. A simple observation of the healthy, luxurious growth of the 
unplowed plains and forest shows that quite clearly. Man can speed Nature's method of soil culture but he cannot improve it. 
The history of the science of agriculture is really the history of man's attempts to interfere with Nature's method of soil 
fertilization. The greater the interference, the more successful the agriculturist thought his methods were. When he finally 
arrived at the point where he found a way to plow the land deeper than ever, he acclaimed the new method as a great 
improvement in agricultural science. As his plants became more and more deficient in vitamins and minerals, he intensified his 
efforts to alter and interfere with Nature's plan of fertilization. Today agriculture can hardly be considered a science at all. It is 
now speculating as to the practicability of breaking the land to depths of two or three feet with new equipment designed for that 
purpose. Its chief work consists of creating soil which provides us with foods which contain only a fraction as many vitamins 
and minerals as they should. Indirectly the modern science of agriculture, as it is taught in virtually all universities and practiced 
on the farms, does much to lower the standard of health of the entire nation. 

OUTLOOK FOR THE FUTURE 



What is needed is a science of agriculture which is concerned with the production of fruits, vegetables and other foods in terms 
of quality rather than anything else. The aim should be to create foods which do not have to be sprayed with poisonous arsenic 
and which are capable of meeting the vitamin and mineral needs of man. Soil culture is more closely related to hygiene than to 
anything else. It should be considered from the standpoint of its effect upon human health rather than its effect upon any 
special commercial enterprise. This does not mean that the farmer or anyone else need suffer under a rational system of 
agriculture. It simply means that the production of foodstuffs should be conducted in the interests of all those who use the food 
and that the financial welfare of no special agricultural group need be dependent upon any specific practices which happen to 
be used. Whether or not this calls for placing agriculture on a purely functional basis may be a matter of some debate. 
However, one thing is certain. There must be a radical revolution of all agricultural practice if foods which contain adequate 
amounts of nutritive elements are to be made available. Without this change there can be no such thing as optimum health for 
the nation as a whole. 

Agricultural reform must be followed on a national scale if all are to profit therefrom. City-dwellers are dependent upon the 
farmer for the production of their foodstuffs. They cannot use the mineral-rich, spray-free plants of fertile soils if the farmers do 
not grow them. And the efforts of a few farmers are of little avail if the rest insist upon following agricultural orthodoxy. A 
planned program of agricultural reform throughout the nation is the only solution. 

Until such reform takes place you will have to continue eating foods which have been grown in depleted soil- that is, unless you 
have a garden of your own. And this is all the more reason for using a natural diet. Even if the unrefined, uncooked foods you 
eat do not contain as many vitamins and minerals as they should, they are still your best sources of these elements and your 
best foods. The depletion of soil makes it doubly important that you use foods which have lost none of their vitamins and 
minerals through the process of cooking and refining. You can't afford to take the chance of depriving yourself of these 
elements in any more ways than you have to. Perhaps you can't get the best foods, but those you do obtain you can always eat 
in their finest condition so as to meet as closely as possible the nutritive needs of the body. 

Salubrious Living - 11 

SOIL AND FOOD 

Depleted Soil: A Cause of Plant and Animal Deterioration 



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Salubrious Living - 12 

Nature's Supreme Healing Agency: How The Body is Restored to Health While 
Fasting 

Perhaps the greatest discovery of the last century in the field of hygiene has been that of the value of fasting as a disease- 
remedying agent. Throughout history many people have fasted occasionally for religious reasons. Their aim was to purify the 
soul, not the body. Fasting once formed a standard rite of the three great religions: Christianity, Buddhism and 
Mohammedanism. Christ was said to have fasted 40 days and 40 nights. Wherever Buddhism has spread fasting has been 
kept alive. The Mohammedans have their month of "Ramadan" each year during which time they fast every day from sunrise to 
sunset. We even find that fasting was a religious rite of many of the earliest tribes of Indians of North and South America. 

Scientists do not know anything about the relation of fasting to what is called the soul. However, they have discovered that 
fasting is of supreme importance in remedying the diseases of the body, that it is really the most rapid and effective means of 
doing this. It is often called "the fast way to health" and is recommended for those who desire to become well in the shortest 
possible time. 

Fasting, in its modern phase, had its origin in the early part of the 19th century with the hygienists who lived at the time. Dr. 
Jennings knew a little of fasting but did not employ it extensively. Sylvester Graham often recommended abstinence from food 
for a few meals. The same is true of some of the hygienists who followed Graham, including Dr. Robert Walter and Dr. Page. 
However, it was left to Dr. Henry S. Tanner and Dr. Edward Hooker Dewey to discover how valuable fasting can really be. They 
are usually considered the fathers of scientific fasting and they are rightly deserving of this title. 

The use of fasting as a means to eliminate disease has been restricted chiefly to the hygienists. Orthodox medicine has always 
condemned fasting although it has not carried out any investigations to determine its value. The idea of fasting to remedy 
disease is, to the medical mind, too fantastic to be given any consideration. It is placed on their list of "fads" in the hope it will 
die a natural death. 

In spite of this attitude, hygienists have continued to use fasting in ever increasing numbers of cases and always with favorable 
results. It has become the foundation of all hygienic practice and is the chief measure which the hygienist uses to eradicate 
disease. Even though the medical practitioners continue to ignore it, fasting remains nature's great means of allowing the body 
to accomplish it s healing; and it is the only hope that many sick people may have. 

DEFINITION OF FASTING 

Before any understanding of the merits of fasting can be had you must gain a clear understanding of what fasting really is. One 
often hears of fruit fasts, fruit juice fasts, water fasts, milk fasts and many other types. Such unscientific terminology leads to 
much confusion and results in many misconceptions regarding the true nature of fasting. Fasting is abstinence from food. That 
fact must be clearly understood. It does not mean abstinence from water. It does not consist of fruit juice diets. It does not 
consist of milk diets. It is not synonymous with starvation. Fasting is simply the abstinence from food for a long or short period 
of time (depending upon the condition of the patient) until the starvation period is reached. During starvation abstinence from 
food is also practiced, but there remain fundamental differences between fasting and starvation. 

WHY YOU SHOULD FAST 

The chief purpose of fasting is to eliminate the accumulations of toxins in the body. The elimination of toxemia, which is a basic 
cause of disease, is of supreme importance if health is to be restored. By eliminating toxemia, fasting restores health. Normally 
a large part of the body's available store of energy is devoted to the work of digestion and assimilation. During the fast when no 
food is eaten, the energy which would otherwise be devoted to those functions may be used for the purposes of elimination. 
During every fast the eliminative processes are speeded up. Catarrhal eliminations are greatly increased. The breath becomes 
very offensive as a result of increased elimination through the lungs. There is often an extreme body odor, which probably 
results from the greater eliminative efforts on the parts of the skin. The toxicity of the urine is increased due to the additional 
toxins eliminated through the kidneys. In some cases literally huge amounts of toxin material is eliminated from the digestive 
tract through vomiting. Other toxins are probably burned in the body through processes which are yet not understood. 
Generally speaking, the body is given a through cleansing. It is given a clean foundation upon which to work and build. 

The causes of toxemia are many, but we must offer do more than correct the causes to eliminate the toxemia, once it exists. 
For instance, toxemia may be produced by a diet which is deficient in vitamins and minerals, the lack of which may impair 
elimination, but it does not necessarily follow that the simple adoption of a proper diet rich in such elements is certain to 
eliminate the accumulations of toxins in the body. That a proper diet allows the body to eliminate many of the excessive toxins 
we admit, but in cases where a deep-seated disease exists, involving large amounts of toxins, fasting is usually required. 

Perhaps the most important secondary factor to be considered is the rejuvenation which occurs during a fast. It is a well-known 



fact that degeneration of tissue is usually allied with old age and disease, whereas tissues which, from a physiological 
standpoint, have been rejuvenated are usually allied with youth and freedom from disease. That rejuvenation of tissue occurs 
while fasting has indeed been proven. The British scientist, Prof. Huxley, has shown that periodic fasting can greatly prolong 
the span of life in the lower forms of animals, and it is probable that it can do likewise in man, though not to such a great extent. 
Prof. Huxley took a number of worms, isolated one from the rest, and placed it on periodic fasts. The remaining worms were 
given the same food as the isolated worm but were not fasted at periodic intervals. It is notable that the isolated worm lived 19 
times as long as the others. Prof. Child, of the University of Chicago, fasted some old worms until they were reduced 
considerably in size. When they were fed and started to grow again they were as young, from a physiological standpoint, as 
they ever were. In many other forms of animal life the same rejuvenation is seen as a result of fasting. There are some species 
which pass through their life span in three to four weeks. However, when, because of lack of food, they are forced to fast at 
intervals, they often remain young and active for three years. 

Of course rejuvenation does not occur in man to the same extent that it does in the lower animals. However, it does occur, as 
was shown by Dr. Carlson and Dr. Kunde of the University of Chicago. These doctors placed a 40-year-old man on a 14-day 
fast. At the end of the fast his tissues were in the same physiological condition as those of a 1 4-year-old boy. The physiological 
condition of the tissues of Mahatma Ghandi, the Indian leader, at the age of 64 was found to be similar to that of the average 
man of 40 years of age. It should be remembered in this connection that Ghandi is well known for his numerous fasts. 

Experiments at the Hull Biological laboratory, of the University of Chicago, have shown that fasting produces a permanent 
increase in the metabolic rate. In these experiments both dogs and humans were fasted for extended periods. In fasts of from 
30 to 40 days a five to six percent increase in the metabolic rate was observed. A lower metabolic rate is usually associated 
with old age. Fasting, then, by offering the possibility of rejuvenation by raising the metabolic rate, becomes the enemy of 
physiological age. 

Fasting is the best-known method of giving the organs of the body a rest. Restricted diet may do the same thing but not to such 
a great extent. Many organs are overworked, largely because of overeating and the eating of improper food. The prolonged 
overworking of an organ leads to impaired elimination and lowered efficiency. On a fast the organ is given a chance to 
recuperate, to restore its vital powers and to regain its normal efficient function. 

Autolysis is the dissolving or digesting of tissue by various ferments which are generated in the body cells. It is by autolysis that 
many abnormal growths are removed on a fast. The disintegration of the growths, followed by their absorption, has been noted 
again and again during fasts. Tumors as large as a grapefruit have disappeared on long fasts. Tumors as large as a goose egg 
disappear on fasts of a few weeks duration. Small growths the size of a pea usually disappear after three or four days of 
fasting. The autolyzation of abnormal growths during fasts have been observed in thousands of cases in Europe and America. 

Lack of assimilative power is no doubt responsible for numerous deficiencies of vitamins and minerals in various parts of the 
body. For instance, the major cause of many cases of anemia is not the actual lack of iron in food, but rather it is the lack of 
power of the body to completely assimilate the iron which is found in the food. This is shown by the fact that on a fast, when the 
assimilative powers anemia patients are strengthened, the blood count increases very rapidly. During fasting, the iron not 
completely assimilated, which has been stored in the body, is taken by the blood and used. In some cases the blood count 
actually doubles on a fast. Underweight is often due to the body's lack of assimilative power. On a fast this power strengthened, 
thus permitting a rapid gain of weight when food is again eaten. 

The power of digestion must be strong if we are to attain the greatest benefit from our food. Weakened digestive power is 
usually followed by poor health. The digestive organs are given a rest on the fast and allowed to recuperate and gain in 
strength. People with weak digestive power generally experience no difficulty digesting food after a fast of sufficient duration, 
providing, of course, that the diet followed after the fast is of the proper type. 

The powers of the mind are also increased on the fast. Memory becomes remarkably clear, and the mental activities and 
processes are sharpened. The use of fasting cases of mental disorders has produced remarkable results. Even insanity has 
been remedied in some cases. The brain and nervous system are apparently regenerated by fasting as completely as the other 
parts of the body. 

EFFICIENCY OF FASTING 

In determining whether or not to fast, what you want to know above all else is just what you may expect in the way of results. 
The simple question, "Does it work?" is probably paramount in your mind. In determining the ultimate value of anything we 
must use that question as a guide. If fasting works, if it produces the desired results, we will give it our due attention. It the 
desired results are not attained it need be of little concern to us. Fasting should be judged strictly from the standpoint of its 
efficiency. 

Dr. Herbert M. Shelton, of San Antonio, Texas, has had more practical experience with fasting than any other living man. He 
has conducted over 20,000 fasts, varying in length from a few days to as many months. His patients consist largely of those 



who have tried everything else medicine, surgery, chiropractic etc.- all to no avail. They decide to try fasting as a last resort. 
Heart disease, ulcers, colitis, asthma, sinusitis, tumors and arthritis are common among the afflictions of his patients. With such 
scrap material the doctor has made an amazing record. He reports that 95 per cent of the patients at his health school have 
recovered health, and those who have made lengthy observations of his patients during care do not deny the accuracy of this 
figure. Very few patients who leave the health school after the full course fail to claim great benefit or complete recovery. 

The results of fasting in other sanatoriums and health institutes throughout America have also been highly favorable. The case 
history of the patients at the Berghoftz Clinic in Milwaukee, Wis. (prior to the death of its founder in 1941) are especially 
revealing as to the efficiency of fasting. The experiences of the late William Howard Hay, M.D., while director of the great 
sanatorium at Pocono Haven, Pa., include, among others, the supervision of over 400 fasting patients who were afflicted with 
appendicitis. In nineteen cases the appendix had already ruptured. Yet, complete recovery occurred in every case. In no 
instance was surgery resorted to. The late Dr. J.M. Tilden of Denver, Colo., founder of the health institute in which fasting was 
used extensively, and the late Dr. G.S. Weger of Redlands, Calif., have repeatedly shown by their own extensive experience 
the marvelous efficiency of fasting. The results they obtained were fully as favorable as those of Dr. Hay. The success of Linda 
Burfield Hazzard, whose experience with fasting covered nearly 2,500 patients, received widespread attention in hygienic 
circles. 

The noted American writer, Upton Sinclair, of Pasadena, Calif., has given some statistics regarding fasting which are highly 
favorable. He published a request in a national magazine asking those who have fasted to write him of the results. The 
following questions were asked: 

1 . How many times have you fasted? 

2. How many days on each occasion? 

3. From what complaints did you suffer? 

4. Were these complaints ever diagnosed by a regular physician? If so, give the name and address of the physician. 

5. Do you consider that you were benefited by the fasts? If so, in what way? 

6. For how long did the benefit continue? 

7. Do you consider that you were definitely cured? 

8. Do you consider that you were definitely harmed? If so, in what way? 

9. Have you ever been examined by any regular physician since the fast? If so, give the name and address. 
1 0.Are you willing that your name and address should be quoted for the benefits of others? 

There were a total of 1 1 7 people who wrote to Sinclair. All had fasted one or more times. The total number of fasts taken was 
277, and the average number of days per fast was six. Ninety of the fasts exceeded four days in length, and six fasts were 30 
days or longer-in duration. Of those who wrote to Sinclair, 100 reported benefit. Of the 17 who were not helped, about half gave 
the wrong breaking of the fast as the reason for the failure and some of the rest made this evident in their letters. Also, it should 
be noted that of those not helped, nearly all fasted only a few days. In those instances where a recurrence of the ailment was 
experienced after recovery was made on the fast, half gave wrong eating as the cause of the recurrence and most of the rest 
indirectly indicated such in their letters. 

The following list gives the names of the diseases which were partially or completely remedied by the fasts. The number after 
each disease indicates the number of patients suffering from it who were benefited. 

Nervousness 27 

Constipation 14 

Colds 8 

Catarrh 6 

Neurasthenia 6 

Rheumatism 5 

Bronchial Trouble 5 

Headaches 5 

Liver Trouble 5 

General Debility 5 

Tuberculosis 4 

Anemia 3 

Poor Circulation 3 

Appendicitis 3 

Uric Acid Excess 2 

Syphilis 1 

Scrofula 1 

Cancer 1 

Gas Poisoning 1 

Insomnia 1 



Grippe 1 

Valvular Disease of the Heart 1 

Pleurisy 1 

Epilepsy 1 

Asthma 1 

Sciatica 1 

Locomotor Ataxia 1 

Blood Poisoning 1 

Chills and Fever 1 

Ulcerated Leg 1 

It will be noted that, although 100 individuals reported benefit from fasting, 116 diseases are listed. This is due to the fact that 
some of the patients suffered from more than one disease. Their total recovery raised the number of diseases helped above 
the number of patients. 

The fasts reported by Sinclair took place many years ago when knowledge regarding the proper conduct of the fast, the 
breaking of the fast, and the method of living afterward, were in many respects inadequate. Even so, the percentage of patients 
reporting benefit was unusually large. Statistics indicate that a higher percentage of recoveries of a wide variety of diseases 
occur as a result of fasting than of any other therapeutic measure, either medical or drugless. 

Many of the so-called incurable diseases which are said to baffle medical science readily yield to the fast. Consider leprosy for 
instance. Leper colonies are maintained under medical supervision but recovery from leprosy in such colonies is extremely 
rare. Nevertheless, in as little as 21 days of fasting leprosy has been completely remedied. Heart disease and cancer, two of 
the most common degenerative diseases for which medical science can do little or nothing, often yield to fasting if not allowed 
to become too far advanced. Leukemia and Bright's disease, long considered incurable, respond favorably to fasting. 

We should not restrict the use of fasting to remedying specific diseases. The majority of diseases which are now common in 
civilized societies have been treated effectively by fasting, and it is probable that those few not yet so treated will respond 
favorably to this healing medium. Virtually all acute diseases, catarrh, sinusitis, tuberculosis, digestive ailments, constipation, 
pyorrhea, acne, infantile paralysis, ulcers, colitis, hemorrhoids and anemia, as well as numerous other diseases, are usually 
helped or completely remedied by fasting. Fasting is no panacea for all human ailments but it is the closest known approach to 
such. It does not suppress disease but simply removes the need for it. 

FASTING IS NOT DIFFICULT 

The idea of going without food for a few weeks is noxious to those who have not fasted. They have felt pangs of hunger that 
followed a missing meal or two have the impression that such hunger lasts throughout entire long fast. The knowledge that 
hunger usually exists only during the first few days of the fast should do much to dispel the ideas about the supposed difficulty 
of fasting. When hunger is absent abstinence from food is not particularly difficult. Of course, some unpleasant symptoms such 
as general weakness, headaches, backaches, nausea and vomiting occur in some cases. But even so, fasting not nearly so 
difficult as is commonly imagined. Certainly it is not as trying an ordeal as going through medical treatment and the pain of the 
continued disease. 

THERE IS NO DANGER 

It is the commonly accepted opinion among laymen and orthodox physician alike that fasting is very dangerous. People are told 
that they are risking their lives by going without food. In reality, fasting is not dangerous at all. There is no record of a single 
death occurring as a result of properly conducted fast. People have died while fasting but the deaths were not due to fasting. 
Rather, they were due to the presence of an organic disease. Of the 2,500 fasting patients of Linda Burfield Hazzard, eighteen 
died. In each case an autopsy was performed to fix responsibility for the death. In no instance was the death found to be due to 
fasting. There was invariably present an organic disease which, according to the medical examiners themselves caused the 
death. 

When people fast they are usually in the last stages of degeneration. Most of them have tried everything- drugs, surgery, 
osteopathy, chiropractic, etc.- all to no avail. Finally, as a last resort, they try fasting. Many are near death when they start to 
fast. It is quite obvious that some of them are going to die whether they fast or not. They have simply gone to far and nothing, 
not even fasting, will prevent their death. In such cases it is wrong to place responsibility for the death on fasting. Thousands of 
people who die in hospitals are said to die "in spite of all the medical science could do." But when one dies while fasting it is the 
fast which is held responsible until an autopsy provides the true cause of death. 

Thousands of people recover health while fasting. Little or nothing is heard of them. Their marvelous recoveries are not given 
publicity. But let just one person die while fasting and the medical authorities are in an uproar. They speak of the doctor who 
"starved his patient to death." An autopsy is demanded to fix responsibility for the death, and the doctor's reputation is all but 



ruined. 

OBJECTIONS TO FASTING 

Objections to the fast come freely from medical quarters. In addition to their timeworn objection that fasting is dangerous, they 
declare: 

1 . Fasting weakens the heart. 

2. Fasting causes the stomach to atrophy. 

3. Fasting makes the heart collapse. 

4. Fasting causes the digestive juices to digest the stomach. 

5. Fasting produces deficiency diseases. 

6. Fasting is opposed to our natural instincts. 

7. Fasting causes the cell of the body to degenerate. 

8. Fasting weakens the body and thus lower its resistance to disease. 

9. Fasting causes the teeth to decay. 

10. Fasting produces edema. 

None of these objections to fasting stand in the light of true reason and practical experience. It is notable that they are limited 
almost entirely to those who have had little or no experience with fasting. Such being the case we needn't take them too 
seriously. However, it may be well to touch upon each of them briefly for the benefit of those who have had no previous 
knowledge of fasting and those who have been victims of medical misinformation. 

There are no authentic records of any case of heart weakness or heart collapse resulting from fasting. The heart is really 
benefited by the fast. It is given a rest and allowed to gain new strength. Many patients with serious cases of heart disease 
have fully recovered while fasting. If fasting harmed the heart we could not expect such recoveries to occur. 

The stomach does not atrophy while fasting and the digestive juices do not digest the stomach. The origin of beliefs to the 
contrary is not known. However, they certainly were not the result of experience with fasting. It is more likely that they began as 
superstitions, to be latter transferred to medical science as ammunition for the anti-fasting campaign. 

As for the deficiency diseases, these do not occur while fasting; at least no hygienic practitioner has ever seen them develop. 
Claims that fasting produces these diseases have resulted from studies of defective diets which lacked a wide variety of 
vitamins and minerals. It is assumed that if the diets produce deficiency diseases they actually disappear while fasting. The 
vitamins and minerals which are stored in the various organs are taken up by the blood and used. Prior to the fast general 
physiological inefficiency, due to toxemia, prevented this. 

Fasting is instinctive among practically all wild animals. In case of an occasional illness, or a serious wound resulting from 
accident or battle, they fast until recovery is complete. Even domesticated animals frequently refuse all food when sick. Among 
man also, fasting is entirely in accordance with natural instincts. When acute disease exists there is usually no desire for foods, 
and when fasting is instituted for chronic disease, hunger disappears after the first few days. 

We cannot truly say then that fasting is opposed to our natural instincts. Indeed, eating in the absence of true hunger is 
opposed to the normal instincts of all animals. 

However, we do not use these facts as an argument for fasting or not fasting. Science rather than instinct is the first guide to 
use in determining the value of a specific health measure. The few facts given here are offered simply to show the fallacy of the 
belief that fasting is opposed to our natural instincts. 

The assumption that body cells and tissues degenerate during a fast results from confusing fasting with starvation. 
Degeneration of the tissues of animals in the last stages of starvation has been observed, and this has lead to the belief that 
fasting is dangerous. Degeneration of tissues does not occur until the body's food reserves have been exhausted and a 
properly conducted fast does not extend beyond that point. During a fast, rejuvenation, not degeneration, occurs. 

It is true that fasting patients are weaker than usual, but there is no evidence to indicate that this temporary weakness lowers 
their resistance to disease or impairs their health in any way. Resistance to disease actually increases on a fast and remains 
permanent if a proper mode of living is then adopted. The temporary weakness during the fast is followed by unusually great 
strength. Patients who have been so weak they could hardly walk have become strong and athletic after fasts. 

Tooth decay is arrested rather than caused by a fast. Repeatedly, hygienic practitioners have noticed that the condition of the 
teeth improves during the fast. Often loose teeth become tightly fixed in their sockets. Laboratory investigators also agree that 
fasting does not harm the teeth, even when the fast is carried to the starvation stage. 

Some years ago laboratory workers at the University of Chicago placed numerous patients on salt-water fasts. They were 



given salt-water-nothing else. All developed edema. As a result it was assumed that fasting is certain to cause edema in every 
case. No one needs dispute the fact that salt tends to produce edema. Hygienists were the first to claim that the use of salt was 
frequently followed by water logging of the tissues. On salt-water fasts the tissues should be expected to become waterlogged. 
It is only natural that the body should protect itself against the irritating effects of salt by holding it in solution, even if this calls 
for an excess of water in the tissues. The objection here is not to fasting but to the use of salt. Edema does not occur while 
fasting if no salt is given. Temporary edema has been seen to follow very long salt-free fasts but these were very rare 
occurrences and it is probable that they were due to the over-ingestion of food immediately following the fast. 

FASTING DURING SPECIAL PERIODS OF LIFE 

There are no age barriers to fasting. Both aged individuals and young children have fasted with great benefit. Even infants may 
be placed on short fasts, and there are cases of two and three year old children fasting for a few weeks. The only periods of life 
in which fasting is inadvisable are those of pregnancy and lactation. Fasting stops the secretion of milk and hence prevents the 
mother from nursing her child. During pregnancy short fasts to remedy acute disease are permissible but long fasts should not 
be used. 

SYMPTOMS OF THE FAST 

A knowledge of symptoms of fasting should be had by all of those who plan to fast. Unnecessary alarm has been caused when 
patients did not know what to expect and became frightened at the slightest symptoms. At least a few unpleasant symptoms 
occur on almost every fast. They should be expected and need be no cause for great concern. 

During the first two to five days (usually three days) there is generally a great desire for food. However, this desire then 
disappears; hunger simply doesn't exist. Then there is repugnance to every kind of food, and vomiting may even occur 
occasionally at the sight and smell of food. It is at this stage that the fast becomes quite easy and usually remains so to the 
very end when hunger returns. About one in each forty patients remained hungry throughout the fast. The reason for this is not 
known. 

On nearly every fast the tongue becomes heavily coated, the breath is very offensive, and a bad taste develops in the mouth. 
These conditions usually start after the second or third day and remain throughout the entire length of the fast until hunger 
returns. 

When there is acute disease, with fever, the temperature drops to normal on the fast. When it is below normal at the beginning 
of the fast, it gradually rises to norms and remains there. In rare cases, when no acute disease exists, the temperature rises 
above normal for short periods 

Usually the pulse is normal on the fast. It may rise to a high as 120 and in some cases it has dropped to as low a 40, though of 
course such extremes are not common. 

Most fasting patients do not sleep more than four to six hours a day though this is not always the rule. The exact opposite 
occurs in some cases in which as much as 20 hours a day are spent sleeping. 

Vomiting, spitting, skin eruptions, headaches, backaches, dizziness, hiccoughs, fainting spells, weakness, sore throat, light 
colds, cramps and diarrhea occasionally occur for temporary periods on some fasts. Though some symptoms are discomforting 
they are no cause for alarm and some of them, such as vomiting, skin eruptions, cold and diarrhea, actually hasten the rate of 
elimination. Some patients do not experience any of these symptoms and have no discomfort whereas among others the 
opposite is true. 

Some symptoms of fasting should be given careful attention. Among these are delirium associated with heart palpitation; heart 
palpitation which is not due to pressure and consequently not remedied by using a enema; a persistent, very rapid, very slow or 
very erratic pulse; extreme weakness in which the patient is unable to walk alone or experiences much difficulty in doing so; or 
a sudden drop in body temperature. When these symptoms occur it is generally best to break the fast. Also, when a patient 
possesses an extreme fear of continuing to fast it is best not to do so. 

Most individuals have very few or no bowel movements while fasting. This need cause no concern or alarm. Bowel action is 
quickly restored after the fast. 

While fasting a rapid loss of weight is to be expected. The rate varies in different cases, with the overweight individuals losing 
weight most rapidly. During the early days of the fast the loss is most rapid, usually from one to two pounds a day. Toward the 
end of the fast the rate of loss is usually well under a pound a day. Averages taken among large groups of fasting patients 
during all stages of the fast show that the average loss of weight is about one pound a day. 

THINGS TO REMEMBER WHILE FASTING 



It is quite obvious that while fasting you cannot continue living in the conventional manner. You must give your body special 
considerations. This does not involve the complete cessation of all normal activities, but certain changes must be made to 
enable the body to conserve its energy. 

During the fast rest is highly desirable. The ideal fast is spent at least most of the time in bed. Some hygienic practitioners 
require that their patients remain in bed throughout every fast regardless of their strength and energy. Such practices are not 
harmful but neither are they always necessary. During the short fasts, when you do not feel particularly weak, there should be 
no objection to doing some light work and perhaps even exercising a little. The important thing here is to avoid excesses. Work 
a little while fasting if you feel able but do not go to extremes and weaken yourself too much. Some people fast and continue 
working as usual but such practices are not always without their dangers. 

Sunbaths are valuable during the fast just as they are at any other time. However, great care should be taken to avoid 
excessive amounts of sunshine. More than one fasting patient has suffered from sunstroke. These sunstrokes did not end 
fatally but show the need for being careful at this time. Long sunbaths will weaken you too much while you are fasting. Take 
sunbaths of short duration during the early morning or late afternoon rather than in the middle of the day when the temperature 
is the highest. 

One cannot stress too much the importance of keeping warm while fasting. Getting chilled on the fast will not only make you 
uncomfortable but also is exceedingly dangerous. In times of an extreme chill apply artificial heat and break the fast. There are 
no records of fasting patients dying from excessive exposure to cold temperatures, but hygienic practitioners are always careful 
to avoid such conditions. 

Probably the most controversial subject among authorities is how much water to drink while fasting. There are those who 
advise at least a gallon of water a day and those who recommend water-free fasts. Others have taken the middle of the road 
and claimed that thirst, and thirst alone, should be the guide. There need be no doubt but that the latter claim is correct. A 
gallon or more of water each day on the fast is usually greatly in excess of the actual need, and can only impede elimination. 
Water-free fasts are exceedingly dangerous and should never be employed. There are no records of anyone living longer than 
seventeen days in the absence of all water and food. A certain amount of water is essential on every long fast. Fasting two or 
three days without water probably does no harm, but longer fasts in the absence of water are inadvisable. The actual desire of 
water on a fast is usually not great, but can be relied upon to meet all needs. It usually calls for about a pint to a quart or two of 
water each day, depending upon each individual case. Occasionally days may arise on the fast in which no water is desired, in 
which case no water need be taken if the length of time does not exceed a few days. The best water to use on the fast is 
distilled water. If this is not obtainable, use ordinary spring water or, as a last resort, the chlorinated city water. 

Another controversial point involves the use of the enema while fasting. The forces are divided here, about 50 per cent 
recommending the enema and the other 50 percent objecting to its use. All facts considered, its employment seems 
undesirable unless considerable gas in the digestive tract produces too much discomfort. Enemas drain the patient's vitality too 
much and have a tendency to produce future constipation by weakening the colon muscle. Many hygienists have noted that 
bowel action is resumed more rapidly after the fast if the enema has not been used. 

The use of chiropractic treatments, gastric lavages, Turkish baths, cold baths and other treatments is dangerous and 
detrimental during a fast. While fasting you will be in no position to expend your already lowered vitality on such practices. 
Treatments involving the use of serums, drugs and vaccines are even more harmful and, under all conditions, should be 
avoided. 

THE COMPLETE FAST 

The exact differences between fasting and starvation should be well understood by every fasting patient and every doctor who 
uses fasting in his practice. It is regrettable that many doctors have seen fit to employ fasting without having the slightest idea 
that it is not synonymous with starvation. Ignorance of the exact differences between these two phases of abstinence from food 
can easily lead to irreparable harm to a patient, including death. 

During fasting the body feeds upon its foods reserves. With the elimination of these and the complete elimination of toxemia 
the starvation period begins, with the consumption and degeneration of vital tissues. A fast which lasts up to this period is said 
to be "complete". It has carried the work of renovation, rejuvenation, and cleansing to its final consummation. 

There are some patients who do not need a complete fast; others do not get well without a complete fast, and those who are 
emaciated and very weak should not always have a complete fast. No strict rule can be given here. Whether or not a fast 
should be carried to completion depends upon the condition of the patient and the type of disease which is present. Deep 
seated conditions which have existed for years and gone into their most advanced stages are seldom remedied by incomplete 
fasts. Light acute and chronic diseases usually disappear long before the starvation period is reached. 

When the food reserves of the body are exhausted and the toxemia is eliminated certain symptoms occur which may be 



regarded as an indication for breaking the fast. In every case there is a return of hunger and a removal of coating from the 
tongue The edges and the tip of the tongue clear first with the rest quickly following. The bad taste in the mouth and the 
offensive breath likewise disappears at this time. The pulse and temperature, which may have been abnormal, become normal. 
The eyes frequently brighten, salivary secretion is normalized, and the urine, which may have been discolored, becomes clear. 
Of these symptoms, the return of hunger and the clearing of the tongue are the only certain and unmistakable signs which 
denote the completion of the fast. The others are usually present, but in the absence of the return of hunger and clean tongue 
they are not sufficient reason for breaking the fast. Also, it is to be remembered that the return of hunger and clean tongue do 
not always occur at exactly the same time. One may arrive a few hours or more after the other. Under any conditions the fast 
should be broken at the sign of either symptom. One should not, for instance, hesitate to break the fast if there is an 
unmistakable desire for food even though the tongue is not clean and vice versa. In those rare cases in which hunger is not lost 
on the fast the clearing of the tongue will suffice as a guide to determining the completion of the fast. 

This time required for the fast to reach completion varies in the individual cases. Some people experience the return of hunger 
after as little as two or three weeks whereas others will have to fast two or three months before this occurs. The length of the 
average complete fast is from 20 to 40 days. 

BREAKING THE FAST 

It is highly important that the fast be broken on the proper food. People have broken fasts on everything from beef steaks and 
peanuts to ice cream, and then wondered why they doubled up in pain after eating their first meat. After the fast the digestive 
system is very sensitive to the first food eaten. It will react violently if this food is not of the correct type. 

Those who have wide experience with fasting agree fasts are best broken on fresh fruit juice or vegetable Juice. Discomfort is 
virtually never experienced when such foods are used. Fruit juices are generally preferred: Orange juice, grapefruit juice, grape 
juice, melon juice, pineapple juice and tomato juice are those most commonly used. The fast should be broken on one-half 
glass of juice, followed by the same amount every hour or by one glass every two hours for the rest of the day. The first juice 
should be sipped very slowly. 

On the second day the same schedule may be followed, or the juices may be taken at less frequent intervals. A three-meal-a- 
day plan may be adopted if desired about one pint of juice being taken at each meal. On the following days larger amounts of 
juice may be allowed, care always being taken, however, to avoid excesses which might produce digestive discomfort. 

The length of time the diet of fruit arid vegetable juices, or simply the diet of fruit juices, should continue depends chiefly upon 
the length of the fast. It is generally advisable to live upon the juices about one day for each five days of fasting. For instance, a 
fast of five days or less would be followed by one day of the juice diet; a ten day fast, by a two day juice diet; a fifteen day fast, 
by a three day juice diet, and a twenty day fast, by a four day juice diet. The same principle is applied to all fasts- the longer the 
food has been withheld, the longer the juice diet should be employed. 

These guides are general rather than specific. Slight deviation from them may be made in different cases. Some patients need 
not employ the juice diet quite as long as others who have fasted an equal length of time. The patient who shows a history of a 
digestive weakness should live upon the juices the longest and consume them in the smallest amounts. Should a return to a 
normal diet be made prematurely, considerable digestive distress may be experienced. The object, in any case, should be to 
live upon juices until the digestive organs have regained their power of normal function. 

Upon the conclusion of the juice diet all types of fruits, vegetables, and nuts may be eaten. A slow transition to a normal diet, 
so frequently recommended, is unnecessary if the juice diet is employed for the specified length of time. However, the first 
regular meals should be quite small. It is particularly important that overeating be avoided at this time. 

Some of the authorities claim that fasts should be broken on coarse, rough food such as whole wheat Melba toast and 
vegetable salads. These rough foods are used to brush away the poisons which are deposited in the intestines during the 
fast." If there are poisons and filth in the intestines after the fast, fruit juices will promote their elimination more efficiently than 
would other foods. 

The use of an exclusive milk diet for a few days or weeks after the fast was once very popular but now is seldom used. Such a 
diet removes much of the benefit achieved on the fast. It has a tendency to create constipation, digestive troubles and catarrhal 
diseases. Its use after the fast or at any other time is not to be recommended. 

LIVING AFTER THE FAST 

"The fast is in vain if the patient returns to his old habits". This remark by Dr. J.M. Tilden should be memorized by all those who 
undertake the fast. People build disease through their hygienic mode of living. The fasting removes the disease, but the 
removal is certain to be permanent only if the old living habits are not again adopted. Fasting can provide health but only 
hygienic living can preserve it. 



The earliest exponents of fasting knew practically nothing of the newer knowledge of nutrition and hence the results they 
secured were only temporary. Dr. E.H. Dewey, one of the first to employ fasting, strongly objected to acid fruits, used very few 
green vegetables, and lived chiefly upon bread, pastries, milk, fish, eggs and meat. Dr. Eales broke a 30 days fast on Horlick's 
malted milk and was soon eating eggs and rice. He writes that shortly after the fast he "had a cup of coffee" with some friends. 
Bernarr McFadden formerly recommended breaking each fast on milk and also used the milk diet for weeks following the fast. 
Upton Sinclair followed his first fast with a prolonged milk diet. Pearson lived for the first week after one of his long fasts upon 
sweet chocolate, peanuts and malted milks. Dietary habits such as these remove much of the benefit secured on the fast. 
Malted milk, coffee, eggs, meat, chocolate and similar foods build disease, not health. We can excuse Dr. Dewey and Dr. Eales 
for using incorrect foods, because when they lived much of our present knowledge of nutrition was yet to be discovered. But 
now things are different. We know exactly which foods build disease and which foods build health. The element of chance has 
been eliminated. No longer need we choose our foods according to guesswork; science has told us which are the best and 
which will help us preserve the freedom from disease acquired on the fast. 

On a long fast there is often a very great reduction in weight until the patient becomes very thin. Naturally this detracts from the 
physical appearance, and hence there is often a great desire to regain all of the lost weight as rapidly as possible after the fast. 
The result is frequently the over consumption of many highly concentrated foods. Milk, eggs, cheese and meat are chosen 
because they help to put on weight in the shortest period of time. The gain is usually more rapid than was the loss during the 
fast. Within a few weeks all of the weight may have been regained and the patient is satisfied. However, these rapid gains are 
undesirable. They produce flesh which is unhealthy, flabby and watery. Really good, sound, healthy flesh is built slowly after 
the fast. It does not come at the rate of one and one half to two pounds a day such rapid gains indicate that the diet must be 
faulty. On the fruitarian diet the gain will be slower, often not in excess of one-half pound a day. But a little patience here will 
have its reward. It will provide you with firm, healthy flesh. And that is what you want, even if the price, in terms of time, is 
higher than might otherwise be required. 

The people who claim that they "need a fast every now and then" might be compared to those who spent their time sweeping 
rainwater out of their home instead of repairing the roof. If you need to fast at periodic intervals throughout your life it is 
because your mode of living is not proper. Once disease is removed by fasting it does not reappear unless it is built all over 
again. If you restore health on a long fast and live in a hygienic manner thereafter you will not have to fast again. Periodic fasts 
are harmless but they are not necessary for those who give adequate attention to food, exercise, sunshine, fresh air, mental 
tranquility, etc. after their first fast, assuming of course that this fast was of sufficient duration. 

So remember these important facts. Fasting constitutes a part of the Hygienic System. It is not to be used alone with utter 
disregard for other phases of living. Permanent results call for permanent hygienic living. Make your fast the turning point of 
your life. Make it a rule never to deviate from the fruitarian diet and a planned system of exercise and sunbathing thereafter. 
Build health on the fast and then preserve it indefinitely with a personalized hygienic design for living. 

Salubrious Living - 12 

Nature's Supreme Healing Agency: How The Body is Restored to Health While 
Fasting 



Next I Back Home 



Next I Back Home 



Salubrious Living - 13 

The Value of Heliotherapy: Employing the Power of the Sun In Gaining and 
Preserving the Finest Physical Condition 

Heliotherapy is the application of sunbathing as a means of restoring health. Its place in the Hygienic System is an important 
one. Orthodox physicians still call those who take sunbaths faddists, but we cannot dismiss the subject so lightly. Tricks of 
terminology do not alter the healthful effects of sunshine. The fact is that heliotherapy is always an aid in restoring health and in 
many cases it is the most important health measure to be employed. 

The most enthusiastic exponents of heliotherapy are generally those who have employed it in large numbers of cases. These 
men based their conclusions chiefly on their own experiences and follow a strictly scientific approach to the matter. Their basic 
concern is the efficiency of heliotherapy as determined by its employment in thousands of cases, covering a wide variety of 
diseased conditions. By considering the most important phases and results of this work, we can determine quite accurately the 
health value of sunbathing and the role it must play in modern life. 

HISTORICAL 

The first records of sunbathing come from ancient Greece, Egypt, Rome, Babylon, Assyria and Persia. The Egyptians, 
Babylonians and Assyrians all had their sun gardens, and many of these people gave the sun the dignity of a God. The Greeks 
had many solariums which they called helioses, and the greatest of the Greek physicians, Hippocrates, recommended the use 
of sunbathing and equipped his sanatorium on the isle of Cos with a large solarium. Herodotus and Philostratus of Greece also 
extol the great value of sunbathing, and Philostratus claimed that all of the Olympian athletes took sunbaths. The Roman 
writers, Galen, Cicero, Celus, and Pliny tell of the use of the Roman solariums. Pliny is well known for his remark: "Sol est 
remediorum maximum" the sun is the best remedy. Even the old Germanic tribes employed sunbathing. The epic German 
poem, the "Edda", tells us that feverish children were placed in the sunshine on the tops of houses so that they might recover 
more rapidly. 

In the Third Century, A.D., the triumph of Christianity put an end to the practice of sunbathing throughout most of Europe. For 
over a thousand years thereafter the use of sunbathing was restricted almost entirely to the Jews and Arabians. The Christians 
called sunbathing a sin and placed it on a par with the other practices of the Hygienic System. 

In the latter part of the 18th century when the power of the old dogmatic Christianity was waning, sunbathing was again turned 
to as a preventive and curative health measure. Waldvogel, of Bohemia, recommended sunbathing in 1775. Le Peyre and Le 
Cornte focused sunlight on "wounds and tumors" in 1776 with excellent results. In 1779 Bertrans published a series of essays 
"Concerning the Influence of Light on Living Organisms." In the early part of the 19th century Cauvin, Dobereiner, Girard, 
Harterive, and Bonnet carried out numerous experiments to determine the effects of sunshine. The experiments showed so 
conclusively that sunbathing is of value in treating disease that these men attempted to build a new system of therapeutics 
based upon the use of the sunbath. 

As important as was the work of these great exponents of sunbathing, it was superceded by that of the father of the modern 
phase of sunbathing, Arnold Rickli. Though Rickli was not a medical man he understood the importance of sunbathing very well 
and made a greater practical application of this health measure than did any of his predecessors. In 1855 he opened his 
famous sanatorium in Weldes Krai on the Adriatic Sea to provide a "Cure Atmospherique." Here he employed sunbathing to a 
great extent, and the rapid recoveries of health which his patients experienced gave heliotherapy its real origin as a sound 
basic science. Rickli's sanatorium continued to operate for over half a century and attracted patients from all over the world. 
The wide experience which Rickli gained during the 52 years of his practice enabled him to write seven books covering all 
aspects of heliotherapy. These books have been translated into the Spanish, French and Italian languages but as yet there are 
no English translations. 

While Rickli was working in his sanatorium, hygienists in both America and Europe were also using sunbathing in their practice. 
In Germany Dr. Lahman opened his famous "Sun and Air Cure," an institution devoted exclusively to heliotherapy. In 1872 
Biltz, also of Germany, started to employ sunbathing in his sanatorium. The American hygienists kept pace and were led by 
Sylvester Graham And RT. Trail, both of whom recommended sunbathing very highly. Associated with Graham and Trail were 
Dr. George H. Taylor, Dr. Dio Lewis and Dr. James C. Jackson. Dr. Taylor used sunbathing very effectively in treating scrofula; 
Dr. Lewis employed it in the treatment of dyspepsia, neuralgia and rheumatism; and Dr. Jackson gave hundreds of his patient s 
sunbaths every clear day throughout the summer. As a general rule, the experience of all of the hygienists in their use of 
sunbathing was so successful that all the questions of doubt as to its place in the Hygienic System was removed. Good results 
were obtained, not just in a few diseases, but in nearly every ailment for which it was used. It was not always a cure-all in itself 
but was found to be essential to facilitate the most rapid recovery of most diseases. Some ailments were frequently completely 
remedied through the use of sunbathing alone. 



The greatest living exponent of sunbathing is A. Rollier, M.D., director of the Institute of Heliotherapy at Leysin, Switzerland. 
Rollier received an excellent medical training and for a time worked with Kocher, the famed surgeon who attempted to remedy 
tuberculosis of the bones and joints by surgery. This practice was unsuccessful: at least half of the patients who left Kocher 
had nothing to look forward to but death. Rollier's best friend committed suicide after Kocher had removed his shoulder joint, 
knee joint, hip joint, finger and foot to stop the tuberculosis from spreading. Finally Rollier's fiancee developed tuberculosis. 
Having seen the failure of the great Kocher to remedy this disease Rollier had nothing to look forward to except the girl's 
continued suffering ending perhaps in death. 

Disillusioned with everything, Rollier tossed aside a brilliant surgical career, left for the hills of Switzerland and for a time 
practiced as a doctor among the country folks of that land. But to his surprise they didn't need much help, for they were quite 
healthy and lived to a ripe old age. They were always telling Rollier that "where the sun is the doctor ain't." Rollier, who became 
a doctor to tell people how to become well, found himself taking advice from the poorly educated country folk of Switzerland. 
He passed this advice on to his fiancee and she followed it. After spending as much time as she could in the bright Alpine 
sunshine she was soon fully recovered. From the day of her recovery, Rollier was a devoted disciple of heliotherapy. 

In 1903 Rollier opened his great sanatorium in Leusin, a small city in the mountains of Switzerland. This sanatorium was simply 
one gigantic solarium associated with complete and modern living quarters for all of the patients. Gradually there came a 
steady stream of supposedly incurable patients to this place, patients who were weak, scrawny, skinny, and tubercular and 
doomed to die. Rollier was given the scraps of humanity to work with and he turned them into examples of excellent health. Of 
the thousands upon thousands of patients who underwent Rolliers Sun-Cure most were completely remedied of their afflictions. 
During one period of time just following World War 1, 1,746 of the 2,167 tubercular patients who were under Rollier's care 
completely recovered health. The only failures were among those who had allowed their tuberculosis to enter its most 
advanced stages. Rollier's experience stands as a monument to those who for the past century have maintained that 
sunbathing should form a part of every healing art. 

SUNSHINE AND DISEASE 

The history of heliotherapy certainly provides ample evidence of its value. We have seen in reviewing this history how effective 
sunbathing is in remedying certain diseases, chief of which is tuberculosis. But let us look a little further into the matter here 
and find the relation existing between sunshine and the general course of all disease. 

Throughout the earth the growth of plant and animal life is dependent upon the presence of sunshine. We find that life is 
always most prolific in the tropics where there is an abundance of year around sunshine and where the intensity of the sun's 
rays is the greatest. In the arctic regions where there is a scarcity of sunshine life is scarce or absent altogether. Then, as we 
go south and the climate gradually becomes warmer, all kinds of life becomes more prolific; in the equatorial regions it reaches 
its peak. Also, it is to be noted that the plants and animals are usually more highly developed where the climate is warmer. 

The Danish scientist, Thorwald Madsen, found that, just as the best physical development is attained in the tropics so also do 
the people of the temperate zone attain the best health during the summer months when there is an abundance of sunshine. 
Madsen based his conclusions upon his studies of a 37-year compilation of Danish medical records. These records are 
unusually complete because in Denmark the law requires that every physician report every case of infectious disease which he 
treats. The statistics provided by Madsen show that disease, particularly infectious disease, occurs most frequently during the 
season in which the people get the least sunshine. Diphtheria, Bronchitis, bronchi-pneumonia and tonsillitis all run up to a peak 
in the winter months and fall into insignificance during July and August. Taking an average of all disease, February was found 
to be the month most conducive to the development of disease; September was the best month from the standpoint of public 
health. The conclusion is inescapable. The prevalence of disease corresponds to the amount and intensity of the sunshine. 
The more sunshine, the less disease; the less sunshine, the more disease. 

In the treatment of wounds which do not heal, sunshine is of the greatest importance. In World War I thousands of German 
soldiers were afflicted with deep wounds which simply would not heal in spite of the most adequate medical attention. Month 
after month the wounds continued to fester, matter and infect the entire body. It was left to Bernhard of Samden, an old 
surgeon who gave up the use of the knife for sunbathing, to help these unfortunate soldiers. He took the Fourth German Army 
Corps first, and before the war was over he was sunning the supposedly incurable wounds of nearly the whole German army. 
His success was little short of phenomenal. The most severe wounds, which had failed to respond to any type of medial 
antiseptics or disinfectants, rapidly healed under the influence of sunshine. The infection quickly ceased, and the tissues 
quickly closed and healed as if by magic. No better demonstration of the superiority of the hygienic care of infected wounds 
through the use of sunshine could have been given. 

There is perhaps no disease which can be as easily prevented by sunbathing as rickets. The cause of rickets is lack of vitamin 
D, and as sunshine is the best source of this vitamin it is almost a sure preventive of this disease. Among all forms of animal 
life we find that sunshine is most conducive to normal bone development. In a series of experiments at John Hopkins University 
it was found that a good supply of sunshine will prevent rickets in rats even though the diet is inadequate. The noted nutritional 
scientist and writer, Milo Hastings, placed a thousand baby chicks on a diet which, from a nutritional standpoint was almost 



perfect. He kept these chicks in a closed building so that none of them would be exposed to any sunshine. They fared all right 
for a few weeks but then the trouble started. They began to prattle and sprawl and develop the most severe cases of bone 
deformities; their legs became twisted and bent in the most ridiculous shapes, and one hundred of them died. Then Hastings 
released the chicks and allowed them to roam about in the sunshine all they wished. There was no further development of 
rickets. The chicks regained their strength and were able to run about again although of course many of the twisted legs 
remained deformed. 

Humans may not be quite as susceptible to rickets as baby chickens are but they too frequently develop bone deformities, as 
well as osteomalacia and other bone diseases, when sunshine is lacking. Dr. E. Amsted, an associate of Dr. Rollier, reports 
remarkable success in treating rickets with sunshine, and another sun-doctor, Riedel, has used sunshine successfully in 
treating post- osteomalacia fractures of the neck of the femur, which had failed to heal in a year's time. The simple application 
of sunshine brought about speedy recovery. The fracture healed perfectly with good ossification. 

When diseases involving the kidneys exist sunbathing is of special value. Rollier treated several cases of renal disease with 
sunshine and reports good results. In the most severe cases recovery was not complete but the patients lived much longer 
than could otherwise have been expected. The patients who started the sun treatments before the disease was too far 
advanced experienced complete recovery. The explanation generally given for the healing power of sunshine upon the kidneys 
is that, by warming the skin, an extra supply of blood produces a vascularization which is seven times greater than normal. This 
concentration of blood, or hyper anemia as it is called technically, lasts for two full hours after the sunbath, and it is primarily 
responsible for the beneficial effect exerted upon the kidneys. The extra supply of blood undoubtedly speeds the eliminative 
processes which are necessary for recovery. 

The skin particularly is benefited by sunbathing. The well-bronzed skin is firm and strong but at the same time it possesses a 
soft, velvety texture. It is usually free from pimples and blemishes of all kinds. In addition, the sun has a tendency to smooth the 
skin and remove small wrinkles. It is indeed a prerequisite to greater beauty. 

Medical authorities list literally dozens of skin diseases which commonly afflict civilized races. It is well to note that he unclad 
primitive races are usually free from this whole assortment. Travelers who observed and lived among the early North American 
Indians reported that they suffered from virtually no skin diseases. This was no doubt due in part to the better diet they 
employed but the fact that they wore very little clothing and lived much of their time in the open air and sunshine deserves 
much credit. 

The use of sunshine in winter greatly increases the body's resistance to cold. At Rollier's institute the patients are given 
sunbaths in the winter as well as in the summer. (This is possible in mountain regions because of the greater brilliance of the 
sun in higher altitudes.) They are even sent out in the snow to play while clad in nothing but a small loincloth. At first the cold 
temperatures bother them a little but eventually the body becomes accustomed to the cold and is thrilled at the contact of the 
fresh, crisp breezes. The bodies of those who have taken sunbaths until their skin is well pigmented appear to be able to 
produce more heat than would normally be the case. The skin of Rollier's patients generally feels warm even when it is 
exposed to cold air. Of course all this does not mean that we should take sunbaths when the temperature is well below zero or 
too low to permit any comfort at all. But it does show the value of sunbathing in winter weather as a means of decreasing the 
body's sensitivity to cold. 

In addition to regulating itself more effectively to cold weather the pigmented skin regulates itself more effectively to the warm 
summer weather. Rollier himself acknowledges this and claims that pigmentation "acts not only in protecting the skin against 
the too violent irritation of the ultra-violet rays, but also in regularizing the thermic contribution of the sun." The pigmented skin 
radiates heat more rapidly and hence in hot weather is cooler than the unpigmented skin. 

Sunshine is valuable as a catalytic agent which creates certain changes in the chemistry of the blood, thus increasing the 
body's vital powers. The amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood varies in direct proportion to the amount of sunshine 
which the body is exposed to. The greater the amount of sunshine, the greater the amounts of calcium and phosphorus which 
are made available for the body. In just one week of daily sunbathing, with each of the sunbaths a few minutes in duration, the 
phosphorus content of the blood actually doubles. It is considered highly probable that sunshine increases the secretion of 
certain hormones or ferments which permit the body to use certain chemicals which it otherwise would not be able to use. 

All forms of anemia and other blood afflictions are helped by sunbathing. After Quinke and Behring showed that oxygen 
consumption is greatly increased in the presence of light, hygienists, realizing that oxygen consumption is essential to the 
production of more hemoglobin, applied the use of sunshine to anemia cases, and with excellent results. The medical 
practitioners, Drs. E. Amstad and Sahli, have also noted that sunbathing is valuable in these cases. Sahli reports that the 
hemoglobin content of the blood of children rarely remains at 75-80 during a program of sunbathing but rises to 80-85, often 
90, occasionally 100 and in a few cases even 100-105 over 80. The advantage of sunshine for all anemia patients is certainly 
apparent from this evidence. 

Hodgkin's disease, which is associated with progressive anemia and enlargement of one or more groups of the lymph glands, 



always has been considered incurable by medical methods. The claim is made that "the cause is unknown; the disease is 
invariably fatal and the duration varies from a few months to several years." Nevertheless, this disease responds very favorably 
to sunbathing. Dr. Amsted reports that the treatment of two cases of Hodgkin's' disease with sunshine resulted in the recovery 
or great improvement in each instance. The first patient was a young boy whose condition was in an advanced stage. 
Diagnosis at the Institute of Pathology of Basel and Berne showed that multiple lymph adenomas existed. A program of 
sunbathing carried out over a little more than a year secured the desired results. The boy gained 22 pounds and was 
eventually able to take the most strenuous walks in the mountains. Evidence of the multiple lymph adenoma completely 
disappeared. The other patient was improved considerably but recovery was not complete because the sunbaths were 
discontinued at an early stage. 

Nagelo, in his Blutkrankheiten und Blutdiagnostik writes, in reference to the value of sunbathing in Hodgkin's disease, that: "In 
a certain number of cases I have applied heliotherapeutic treatment, and have found direct insolation of the splenic region of 
distinct value. I observed surprisingly good results during the particularly sunny summer of 1 91 1 ; lasting increase in 
hemoglobin and of red corpuscles, extraordinary improvement in the general health and -surprisingly great diminution in the 
volume of the spleen, which were unaffected by X-Ray treatment." All of these cases show quite clearly that sunshine is 
important in maintaining and regaining health. 

Though sunbathing is of much value when used alone, it is of far more value when used in conjunction with other hygienic 
measures. The few really large medical institutions which employ sunbathing do so without following a well planned program of 
nutritional guidance, exercise and fasting. Rollier scrupulously avoids overfeeding, and uses meat very moderately in his 
institute, but the diet he employs is far from adequate. Hygienic institutions, on the other hand, present a much more scientific 
and balanced system of caring for the sick. They use sunbathing extensively, but in conjunction with fasting (when necessary), 
proper diet and exercise. Theirs is the most rational manner of treatment. Sunbathing should be considered an adjunct or part 
of a general health-building program rather than a therapeutic agent to be used alone in the treatment of certain specific 
diseases. 

SUN AND AIR 

Much discussion has centered upon the relative value of sunshine and air in the employment of heliotherapy. Hippocrates 
seemed to have placed the greatest importance upon sunshine but he also recognized the role played by air, as is indicated by 
his statement, "Running in clothes has the same property, but is heats too much, renders the body too humid, and gives less 
color, because the body is not cleansed by the air that strikes it but exercises while remaining in the same air." Benjamin 
Franklin called the air-bath a "bracing or tonic bath," and according to his letters to M. Dubourg he employed this bath in his 
own life almost every morning. Rikli claimed that "light takes precedence over every other natural agent, and is the greatest 
essential where organic life exists," but he also understood the importance of air, and collectively referred to the combination of 
sun and air bathing as the atmospheric cure. He declared that the "purpose of the air treatment is the strengthening of the skin 
by restoring its natural functions and vitality and elasticity it has absorbed from its primitive state when directly in contact with 
the air." Dr. Trail and Sylvester Graham attributed the value of heliotherapy to both the sun and air. 

The more recent exponents of heliotherapy have furnished more scientific data, though their conclusions are similar to those of 
their predecessors. Most important has been the discovery that the circulation of air around the nude body may increase 
metabolism as much as fifty percent in ten minutes. Though such a large increase is only temporary, it is nevertheless true 
that, as was shown by Dr. Leonard Hill, "a high cooling power not only increases the heat production of the body during 
exposure, but raises the basal metabolism to a higher level. The fire of life is made to burn faster." Sir Henry Gauvin came to a 
similar conclusion and attributed part of the benefit of sunbathing to the increased metabolism resulting from exposure to air. 
Halstead places more importance upon the air than the sun in cases of glandular and bone tuberculosis. S. Bangs likewise 
gives priority to the air-bath, whereas Prof. Dollinger of Budapest claims that it is impossible to decide which is most important. 
Generally speaking, however, most authorities place far more value upon the ultra-violet rays of the sun than upon the air. 
They recognize the fact that the air increases both temporary metabolism and the basal metabolism, and that it permits 
complete respiration of the skin, thus preventing the continual soaking and resoaking of the skin with perspiration. However, 
this, they claim, is less important than the chemical changes which occur when the body is exposed to sunshine. 

ARTIFICIAL SUNLIGHT VERSUS NATURAL SUNLIGHT 

After natural sunshine was proven to be valuable as a health measure, attempts were made to break up the radiant energy of 
sunlight into its constituent parts and concentrate these in some form to be used in place of natural sunshine or when natural 
sunshine was not available. A Danish scientist, Niels Finsen, was the first to work along these lines. He made the first 
application of artificial sunlight in the Electric Light Works of Copenhagen in 1 895. The patient in this case was one of the 
engineers who was afflicted with the supposedly incurable lupus (skin) tuberculosis. Finsen exposed the afflicted area of the 
patient's face to the light from the positive carbon of a 25 ampere direct current lamp, and to the surprise of everyone, in 
eluding perhaps Finsen himself, the tubercular ulcer healed completely after a few months of treatment. 

This successful experiment of Finsen's gained so much attention that two wealthy manufacturers, Jorgensen and Hagemann, 



decided to build a large institute in which more experiments could be carried out to determine the therapeutic efficiency of 
artificial sunshine. Finsen himself was given charge of the real medical and therapeutic work in the institute. An enormous 
carbon arc lamp operating on a direct current was used to supply the ultra-violet rays, which form the basis of the healing 
qualities of sunshine. In addition to the carbon arc lamp, Finsen used a quartz lens to concentrate the greatest possible amount 
of light upon the affected areas of the patient's skin. Lupus tuberculosis was the only disease which was treated in the institute. 
As for results, well, even the most conservative medical authorities had to commend Finsen on his good work. An average of 
41 out of every 100 patients who were treated by Finsen completely recovered. Today a corresponding rate of recovery in the 
disease, when treated hygienically, would not be considered so good, but in Finsen's time, when everyone just took it for 
granted that all forms of lupus tuberculosis were incurable, the use of artificial sunshine as a therapeutic agent was indeed 
sensational. 

After Finsen died in 1904, another Danish scientist, Axel Reyn, was placed in charge of the institute. At first he didn't get any 
better results than did Finsen. But it was then that he decided to do a little experimenting himself. Instead of directing the light 
rays upon only the tubercular ulcers of the patients, Reyn directed the rays over their whole body. He gave them general 
sunbaths instead of just bathing the diseased portions of the body. The results obtained by Reyn in giving these treatments 
were much better than those of Finsen. In fact, the majority of patients whom Finsen could not help recovered when the entire 
body was provided with the benefit of the light. 

Ove Strandberg followed Reyn as the chief exponent of artificial sunbathing. But Strandberg went further than did Reyn. He 
used the sun lamp not only in cases of lupus tuberculosis but also in the more deep-seated and severe forms such as those 
which afflict the throat and lungs. And indeed Strandberg was highly successful. While working on the staff of a large 
sanatorium which specialized in treating lung and throat tuberculosis, he showed that these diseases generally respond 
favorably to artificial sunshine. Of the 65 victims of throat tuberculosis whom Strandberg treated with rest, improved diet and 
the carbon arc sun lamp, only four died, three recovered partially and the other 58 completely recovered. 

These facts show quite clearly that artificial sunlight has definite value, but they do not indicate that it is either equal or superior 
to natural sunlight. Whereas the natural sunshine is of proven value, the use of the carbon arc lamp has been more restricted. 
We know that it is of great value h tuberculosis, loss of hair and rickets, but our knowledge doesn't go much further than that. 

Both plants and animals can live under the influence of artificial sunlight alone, but they do not live well. The plants occasionally 
grow more rapidly under the sun lamp, but they lack the rugged constitution and good structural development of other plants. 
Animal life invariably thrives better when given natural sunshine. The sun lamp, at best, appears to be a relatively poor 
substitute for natural sunshine. 

As a general rule artificial sunlight fails to induce any appreciable pigmentation of the skin in spite of the most extensive and 
prolonged use. It produces sunburn all right, but the reddish tinge does not turn into a deep tan color, as is the case when the 
body is exposed to natural sunshine. This is due to defects in the carbon arc light itself rather than defects of the specific 
lamps. 

Perhaps the chief advantage of natural sunshine is the fact that it is balanced properly. With the mild ultra-violet rays it supplies 
the infrared rays. The carbon arc light contains only the short ultra-violet rays which are highly irritating, and it is totally lacking 
in the infrared rays. The shortest ultra-violet rays of the sun are 2,900 A.U.; those of the quartz lamp are 1,500 to 1,800 A. U. 
Fortunately for us the short irritating rays of natural sunshine are filtered out by the atmosphere. Hence, real sunshine is not 
destructive to animal tissue and it is not irritating unless the period of exposure is too long before pigmentation has developed. 

Artificial sunshine is no doubt much better than no sunshine at all. If infants cannot be given regular sunbaths they may be 
given sun lamp treatments to good advantage, but expert guidance is required. Also, in certain diseases such as tuberculosis 
and loss of hair the sun lamp might well be employed if there is no possibility of exposing the body to natural sunshine. 
However, you should always remember that, as far as is known today, natural sunshine possesses no equal. It is to be used in 
preference to the imitations of sunlight, which science has developed, for these are inferior in certain respects. Use them if 
need be, but do not feel that they completely replace natural sunshine. 

TAKING THE SUNBATH 

Heliotherapy is not a toy to be played with by the inexperienced and the uninformed. It is not so complicated that it requires 
supervision, but it most certainly should not be employed by the layman before he acquires a thorough knowledge of the 
technique of heliotherapy. Too many people have been unnecessarily harmed by indiscriminate sunbathing. Severe sunburn is 
the common aftermath of the misuse of sunlight. 

You can take sunbaths every day with complete safety if you obey a few simple rules. The first and most important of these 
calls for the principle of progression until the skin is well pigmented. This principle is the formation of all sunbathing technique. 
In all hygienic institutions the sunbaths are started very gradually. Rollier gives his patients a few weeks to get used to the fresh 
outdoor air of the alpine regions before he permits the first sunbaths. Then, on the first day only the feet and head are exposed; 



the lower part of the legs is exposed on the second day; the thighs are exposed on the third day; the abdomen is uncovered on 
the fourth day, and on the fifth day the entire body is exposed to the sun's rays. The first day's exposure of each of the 
respective body parts is increased five minutes until the body is well tanned. 

For patients who are suffering from tuberculosis, often in its advanced stage, this procedure may be desirable, but for the 
average person it involves a certain amount of unnecessary caution. The best plan is to start with a five-minute exposure of the 
entire body and increase the duration of this by five minutes on each day. This will enable you to take sunbaths of an hour's 
duration within just a few weeks. If you have blond or red hair, a fair complexion and blue eyes, a five-minute increase in the 
time of each sunbath may be too much for you, and if you are a brunette you probably will be able to progress more rapidly. 
The daily five-minute progression plan is given as an average for all types of people. You may deviate from it slightly, 
depending on the characters of your complexion. The important thing is to progress just fast enough to prevent all sunburn and 
permit the most rapid pigmentation of the skin. Once your skin is well pigmented you may forget the progression plan. Then 
you will be able to spend hours in the sun each day without the danger of sunburn. 

Many have claimed that certain climates are favored for the successful employment of heliotherapy. The tropics and the region 
of the Alps in Switzerland are said to be the finest for those who wish to gain the greatest benefit from the sun. It is true that 
certain climates provide more sunshine than do others. The tropical regions offer the opportunity for complete year-round 
sunbathing. There are more ultra-violet rays in the sunshine of the mountain regions, and in the higher altitudes above the 
clouds there are naturally more sunny days. But this does not mean that everyone must go to the tropics or to the mountains to 
make an excellent application of heliotherapy. Throughout the temperate zone, whether on the seashore, in the valleys or on 
the plains, there are several months each year when the temperature is high enough to permit sunbaths. Even during the 
warmer days of the spring and fall, sunbathing can be practical. Furthermore, it is possible to build solariums with a special 
type of glass which permits the entry of the sun's ultra-violet rays. Solariums of this kind make sunbathing possible even in the 
cold winter of Alaska and Canada. If you wish to make a private solarium for winter use, the necessary glass can be obtained 
from any good dealer of general building supplies. Of course indoor sunbathing during the winter may not be the equal of 
outdoor sunbaths of the summer. Much of the fresh air is lacking, and though the special glass permits the entry of the ultra- 
violet rays, it may filter out some of the other healing rays of sunshine. Be this as it may, in the winter the use of the glass 
solarium is better than no sunbathing at all. The solarium is also superior to the sun lamps which are frequently employed when 
the temperature does not permit outdoor sunbathing. 

A good deal of unnecessary bother is made about taking sunbaths before, during or immediately after meals. There are those 
who recommend waiting at least three hours after a meal before taking a sunbath. The sun is said to draw the blood to the 
surface of the skin when a certain amount of extra blood should be directed to the digestive organs to enable them to care for 
the food in an efficient manner. It is quite true that an extra supply of blood is needed by the digestive organs after a heavy 
meal. But the sunbath does not interfere to any appreciable extent with this flow of blood. Thousands of people have taken 
sunbaths before, during and immediately after meals, and there are no authentic records of anyone suffering therefrom. Not 
even the slightest traces of digestive discomfort are seen when sunbaths are taken after meals. So don't concern yourself 
about the relation of meals to the time you should take your sunbaths. You may even make your mealtime your sunbathing 
time if you wish. 

And then there comes the question of the relation of the hair to the sunbath. About 50 per cent of all sunbathers cover their hair 
with a towel to protect it from the sun. However, not one of them can give a good reason for doing this. Many probably cover 
their hair because doing so just seems to be the custom among sunbathers. Others cover it because they have heard the 
rumor or superstition that the sunshine harms the hair. In reality, the sun is beneficial to both the hair and scalp. Quite apart 
from causing baldness, sunshine helps to prevent this disease and in some cases it even increases the growth of hair. 

Another fad which seems to be very common among sunbathers is the use of various forms of oil which are rubbed over the 
skin. Olive oil and special commercial anti- sunburn oils are the most frequently used. For those who must make long 
exposures during the early stages of sunbathing, before the skin is well pigmented, the use of some form of oil on the skin may 
be desirable to prevent sunburn or alleviate it to some extent. However, when used on the pigmented skin, the oil serves no 
useful purpose and probably does a certain amount of harm by filtering out some of the ultra-violet rays of the sun. Further, the 
oil slows the process of pigmentation. Following the principle of progression in the initial stages of sunbathing removes entirely 
the need for oil and renders the use of the same as impractical and undesirable. 

A certain amount of controversy has arisen over the question of whether of not sunbathing can be done to excess after the skin 
.has been tanned sufficiently to prevent burning. One school of thought places no limit upon the amount of sunshine that can 
be taken with benefit, and uses as its dictum-the greater the amount of sunshine, the better the state of health. Others claim 
that sunshine, when taken in very great amounts, tends to be depressing and weakening. Anyone who has lain hour after hour 
under the intense rays of the midday sun will testify that sunshine can be depressing as well as stimulating. Too much sun 
does sap the energy and temporarily weakens the body. Anything can be taken to excess, and sunshine is no exception. Just 
as fasting, natural foods and exercise must be taken within certain limits, so the use of sunshine must also be limited. The best 
guide to use in taking sunbaths is the state of your energy reserve. All of the sunshine you can absorb up to the point of 
noticeable weakness is good. When you begin to feel a definite lack of energy, that is the time to stop. To lie in the sun until 



you are all worn out may not harm you permanently, but it is all very unnecessary. Sunbathing, when carried out within the 
limits of the body's energy reserve, is a pleasure. When it is over- done, it is the cause of a state of uncomfortable temporary 
weakness. Comfort alone should call for moderation. 

In the cooler hours of the morning and late afternoon sunbathing can hardly be taken to excess, but under the intensive heat of 
midday greater care must be observed. The best advice is to follow the example set by most undomesticated animals, who 
remain in the shade when the sun reaches its greatest intensity but bask hour after hour in the sunshine of the early morning 
and late afternoon. Rollier also recommends taking sunbaths during the cooler hours of the day. During the summer months he 
restricts sunbathing to the hours between 6 a.m. and 9 a.m. Rollier seems to have gone a bit too far in his preference for the 
early morning sunshine; nevertheless, this is better than going to the opposite extreme and restricting all sunbathing to the 
middle of the day. You can get your sunshine whenever you please, but always give preference to early morning and late 
afternoon. Then, when you do go out at other periods, practice moderation and finish the sunbath before the heat becomes too 
depressing. 

Years ago it was often quite a problem to find a good place in which to take a sunbath. Beaches and secluded country areas 
were available, but that was about all. However, with the gradual decline of prudery and the greater importance attached to 
sunbathing in recent years, new facilities for sunbathing have become available. The Y.M.C.A. and other athletic clubs of many 
cities have turned their roofs into solariums. The "L" Street bathhouse in Boston is one of the largest public solariums in the 
world. It has a capacity of several thousand and is indicative of the trend toward the establishment of municipal solariums in all 
of the large cities. For those who do not care for the solariums there remain the beaches, outdoor swimming pools, public 
parks, nudist parks, open verandas, apartment house roofs and flat roofs which can be used for sunbathing purposes. You 
really shouldn't have any trouble finding a place to take a sunbath. Perhaps the most convenient facilities are not always 
available, but with a little ingenuity the problem can usually be solved. 

Not only do many opportunities for sunbathing exist today, but the situation is improving. The day will no doubt come when 
every city will have its solarium. Perhaps even public schools will eventually establish solariums for the benefit of their students. 

It should be apparent that taking a sunbath is really a very simple matter. It doesn't call for any special climates, supervision or 
rituals. No matter where you live you can enjoy the advantages of sunshine with little or no inconvenience. And you don't have 
to worry about the danger of sunbathing either. There isn't any if you obey the one all-important principle of progression. Just 
start taking your sunbaths gradually and work up to the point where you can spend all of the time in the sun that you wish 
(within the limits of your energy reserve of course). This is a fundamental thing to remember. By progressing gradually you will 
gain the fullest advantages of sunbathing and at the same time eliminate the possibility of sunburn, with its attendant danger 
and discomfort. 

Sunbathing should hold an important place in your program of hygienic living. It is not as valuable as the fruitarian diet as a 
means of maintaining health and it most certainly is not equal to fasting as a means of regaining health. However, it is a good 
adjunct to these other hygienic measures. It is one of the "big four" agents of the Hygienic System. For the finest state of health 
you should make the fullest application of it. A much higher level of health than would otherwise be the case will be your 
reward. 

Salubrious Living - 13 ^^^^^^ 

The Value of Heliotherapy: Employing the Power of the Sun In Gaining and | Next | Back | 

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Salubrious Living - 14 

Building Strength and Health Through Exercise: The Role of Exercise In Your 
Program of Healthful Living 

For real buoyant health, the kind that provides the greatest strength and energy, you must exercise. This is a law which no one 
can ignore without paying the consequences. We have those in our midst who claim that athletes die young, and that the 
"huge, ugly muscles" of the professional strong man are not conducive to a long life. But the truth is that athletes do not 
necessarily die young and that the muscles of the "strong man" are not ugly. Well-developed muscles add to the appearance of 
anyone. 

Exercise should not be considered a specific therapeutic agent to be used in remedying all diseases, but a health-building 
agent. When you exercise you stimulate the functional activities throughout the body. The flow of nutritive material to the cells 
is increased, the joints of the body are made more agile, the circulation of the blood and other fluids is stimulated, the body is 
given a much-needed additional supply of oxygen because of the enforced deep breathing, and the vital organs are stimulated 
into greater activity. Through exercise you improve the condition of your entire body. 

THE GREEK IDEAL 

We should look back and admire the ancient Greeks for the use they made of exercise. Throughout the Grecian lands were 
many gymnasiums in which the people could engage in gymnastics, swimming and other physical activities. The Greeks 
respected the athlete above everyone else. One could be poverty-stricken one day but could rise to fame, riches and honor on 
the following day if he performed some great athletic feat. Every four years the Greeks held their Olympic games, and these 
were the occasion for great festivities and amusement. The Greeks regarded them as the most important events in all Greece 
and would give up almost anything to participate in them or to attend them. 

In addition, physical culture was the chief subject taught in the Grecian schools. In fact, these schools devoted more time to 
teaching physical culture than to all other subjects combined. The aim of the Greek was to attain perfection of mind and body. 
He felt that he could best do this by devoting attention to physical exercise, and indeed he was quite successful. The average 
Greek was far better developed than is the typical civilized man of today. The old Greek works of sculpture and art show quite 
clearly his superior development. The greater part of the art of Greece was concerned with the glorification of the human body, 
and the poets of ancient Greece never tired of singing of the beauty of their gods and goddesses. They fairly worshipped the 
beauty which results from giving attention to physical culture. 

It would be well if there were a rebirth here in America of the Grecian attitude toward exercise. We need a new appreciation of 
the value of physical culture and body perfection. It should be the aim of every American to build his body, through the help of 
exercise, to a high level of development and beauty. We should have gymnasiums in every city, making it convenient to 
engage in exercise. We should make physical culture a subject in all schools. In short, we should make better body 
development a foundation of our life. 

THE FALL OF PHYSICAL CULTURE 

The so-called Golden Age of Greece disappeared with the advent of Christianity. In 394 A.D. the emperor ordered all 
gymnasiums in Greece closed. The Christians, with their prudish viewpoint toward the human body, could not tolerate physical 
culture. So for hundreds of years-in fact, for over a thousand years physical culture was given almost no attention in the 
educational systems of the western world. People failed to place any appreciable importance upon the body exercise. 

In the sixteenth century there occurred in Germany and Sweden a rebirth of physical culture. But this was chiefly in 
consideration of military needs. The Germans, and to a lesser extent, the Swedes, regarded exercise as necessary for the 
development of strong soldiers. Eventually the German and Swedish system of exercise (chiefly gymnastic training) was 
imported to America and taught in some schools. But the conventional schools of healing, including medicine, never did give it 
due attention. Dr. Trail's Hydropathic College of New York was the only medical school which gave an extensive course in 
physical culture. And matters still stand about the same way today. The school of medicine still doesn't consider physical 
exercise to be of any great importance. Medical schools still do not teach their students physical culture, and probably not one 
percent of the physicians employ exercise in their practice. Only the Hygienic System has given exercise a prominent position. 

EXERCISE AND DISEASE 

Though exercise is chiefly of value in health maintenance rather than as a health restoring measure, there are some diseases 
which call for much exercise if recovery is to be expected. Chief of these are hernia, spinal deformities, infantile paralysis and 
varicose veins. It is practically impossible to correct any spinal curvature without giving exercise due attention over an extended 
period of time. The only natural remedy of hernia consist chiefly of exercise. Not all hernias may be corrected by exercise, but 
many can. Victims of the various forms of paralysis must exercise if they are to regain control of the affected areas. Of course, 



exercise alone will not remedy paralysis but it is the most important hygienic measure to be employed. As for varicose veins, 
they have frequently been remedied through exercise alone, although the most rapid results are obtained if a fast precedes the 
use of exercise. Running is the most effective exercise in cases of varicose veins. 

SOME FORMS OF EXERCISE 

The use of athletics is desirable in any exercise program. Football, basketball, baseball, tennis, swimming, track and handball 
all possess value in developing the various parts of the body. But is should not be assumed that each is a complete exercise in 
itself. Athletes who concentrate almost entirely upon one type of sport do not acquire a good all-around development. Some 
parts of the body are over-developed at the expense of others. A varied athletic program, one which includes the use of several 
different sports, is best. Perhaps the sport which places into action more parts and muscles of the body than any other is 
swimming. Gymnastic activities are also good as all-around body-developers. 

There are many who engage in considerable physical labor and consequently believe that they do not need any extra exercise. 
But there are very few, if any, kinds of work which form complete exercise programs. Work is in no sense capable of 
developing the body to a great extent. Most forms of work call for the use of only a few body parts most of the time, and even 
these are not exercised strenuously. Real, worthwhile exercise consists of more than one body movement. Many people in 
their daily activities are continually moving about. But their muscles remain poorly developed. The best exercise calls for real 
exertion. If the exercise you do calls for no particularly great effort it is of little value. And as most forms of physical work do not 
call for any strenuous activities they are inadequate. They do not supply you with the exercise you need in order to possess the 
best state of health. 

A great deal of misinformation has been given in recent years about the value of walking as an exercise. Walking is called the 
best of exercises, one which will do much to improve the general condition of the body. But from the standpoint of science, 
walking is of little value. It is a good exercise for lazy people and that is about all. Walking really is equivalent to most forms of 
work; it allows simple, almost effortless body movements. Instead of attempting to walk your way to health you should run your 
way to health. Running is not a complete exercise but it can do wonders in building strong, well-developed legs. It also induces 
deep breathing and is a good exercise for the lungs. 

The fact that deep breathing is desirable doesn't mean that you should engage in special forms of this exercise. In recent years 
much has been written about special breathing exercises which involve inhaling a certain number of breaths through the nose 
and exhaling them out through the mouth, and vice-versa. These exercises also call for holding the breath at periodic intervals 
and attempting to drive the inhaled air to various parts of the body by getting all tangled up in very awkward positions. Many 
such exercises had their origin in India and were first used as a means of acquiring special mental powers. They were a part of 
the training of the Indian exponents of the "Yogi" philosophy. From a purely hygienic standpoint these special breathing 
exercises, which call for forced deep breathing in the absence of regular physical exercise, are of little or no value. Deep 
breathing is a fine thing when the body calls for it, but it is unnecessary to make a conscious effort to breathe deeply at all 
hours of the day. When there is need for more air the body calls for it and you naturally breathe deeply. In the absence of this 
demand the use of forced deep breathing is highly questionable to say the least. It probably does not harm the body, but 
neither does it help any. It is best to leave the array of breathing exercises to the Yogi philosophers from whom they came. You 
can give your lungs all the exercise they need and supply the body with all the oxygen it needs simply by indulging in some 
good physical exercise from time to time. 

DON'T LET AGE STOP YOU 

There are no age groups of people who should not exercise. Physical activity will help you whether you are 10 years old or 80 
years old. The newest medical philosophy advises one to participate in no appreciable amount of exercise after 40. It is quite 
true that many people, after living for 40 years upon refined, devitalized foods, are too weak to indulge in much exercise. 
Perhaps it is this which has prompted medical authorities to restrict exercises to young people. However, chronological age 
and physiological age don't always go hand in hand. There are some people who, at the age of 60, are as young from a 
physiological standpoint as those who have lived only 30 years. And there is no reason why such people should not exercise. 
People who live upon the conventional diet age prematurely; they are too weak to exercise at an age when they should be in 
their top physical condition. If you use only natural foods you can exercise at regular intervals throughout your life. The Hunza 
of India play polo at the age of 80, and you can be active at that age too if you follow a proper mode of living. Other primitives 
are also capable of engaging in strenuous exercise in their advanced years. 

THE HEART AND EXERCISE 

It has often been claimed that the heart is damaged during strenuous exercise but there is no evidence to indicate that this is 
true. The heart is really benefited by both light and heavy exercise. The so-called athletic heart is commonly spoken of as a 
diseased heart and is generally found among athletes. However, an athletic heart is simply an enlarged heart and is in no 
sense diseased or damaged. It is only natural that the heart muscle should increase in size as it is exercised, just as any other 
muscle does. And this increase in size is desirable. It indicates a better-developed and stronger heart. There are some cases in 



which an enlargement of the heart is associated with disease but this is never due to exercise. A pathological enlargement of 
the heart muscle is not to be confused with the normal enlargement of the heart muscle which has been exercised at periodic 
intervals. Tests of athletes have shown that these people do not suffer from real heart disease any more often than do others. 
In fact, their hearts are probably in better than average condition. 

WEIGHT-LIFTING 

One of the best forms of exercise for developing great strength and good all-around body development is weightlifting. It not 
only develops and strengthens the arms, but also develops strong shoulders, a strong back and strong legs. When a great 
many varied exercises with dumbbells and barbells are employed the body gets the most benefits. Under such conditions more 
muscles are used and a more uniform body development follows. For real strength, weight lifters are unsurpassed. The 
professional and strong men are usually weight lifters. It is likewise true that those who possess the most beautiful and well- 
developed bodies are weight lifters. 

Do not make the mistake of attempting to gain great strength by lifting light weights. It is true that you must start your program 
with light weights, but these are only used temporarily as a means of gradually accustoming your body to weight-lifting. You 
can lift a 1 lb. weight a thousand times a day, but doing so will not enable you to lift 1 00 lb. weights. You gain the ability to lift 
heavy weights only by lifting them. Lifting a light weight a hundred times a day will give you less strength than lifting a heavy 
weight ten times a day. 

Always remember to keep the back straight when lifting heavy weights. You will be able to lift only a fraction as much when the 
spine is curved as when it is straight. Every experienced porter knows that, when the spine is curved, it is almost impossible to 
move a 1000 lb. case. He stands at arms length from the case, rests his hands against some part of it, and with his back 
perfectly straight does the pushing, thus gaining the full power to the legs and the back. The weight lifter should apply the same 
principle to his work. 

HOW AND WHEN TO EXERCISE 

The all-important rule to remember in exercising is to increase the various movements in progression. The first exercises 
should be relatively mild and short of duration. Each successive day you may use heavier exercises over a longer period of 
time. Starting to exercise perhaps five to ten minutes per day with light, simple movements, you may gradually, after a period of 
weeks or months, reach the point where you can exercise a half-hour to an hour a day. Of course no set rules can be laid down 
as to the rate of progression. This must always depend upon the individual. Some, who have always possessed reasonably 
strong bodies, can progress very rapidly. For others, particularly those who possess a history of weakness and disease, 
several months may be required before the heaviest forms of exercise, such as weight-lifting and gymnastics, should be 
indulged in for any appreciable length of time. 

It is the best policy to take the more strenuous exercises only about five or six days a week. Exercising every day without 
exception probably does no harm but it will not produce rapid results. The real growth of muscles takes place between the 
exercise periods while the muscles are resting. Resting the muscles is as important as exercising them. The whole essence of 
body building consists of alternate exercise and rest. If one does only light exercise for short periods no special rest days are 
desirable or necessary. But for the greatest strength you will want to do at least some heavy exercise, and under such 
conditions there will have to be more rest periods. Many do the heavy exercises about three or four times a week and on the 
other days they do just light exercises. This is a good plan and does not necessitate any special rest days. Alternating each 
day with light exercise and heavy exercise also provides the muscles with sufficient rest. 

It is generally desirable, especially in cases of greatly impaired health, to precede a program of exercise with a fast. This is not 
essential but it will enable you to progress with your exercises more rapidly. By giving your body a thorough cleansing through 
fasting you will be in a better position to exercise. You will suffer less readily from fatigue and will be able to do the movements 
more easily. 

Make your exercise program as varied as possible. During the summer months make the fullest use of swimming, tennis and 
other outdoors sports. In winter, ice skating is a popular sport, along with skiing. Engage in some form of exercise in your own 
home at periodic intervals. There are many books and physical culture magazines which describe the hundreds of such 
exercises, and by reading these you can learn numerous movements which are of much value. Then, if you desire great 
strength you can get some barbells or dumbbells for home use. Also, in nearly every large city there is at least one gymnasium. 
These are generally equipped with numerous forms of apparatus which permit many good forms of exercise. 

Above all, do not consider exercise to be some sort of difficult chore which you must indulge into have good health. Look 
forward to your periods of exercise with delight, as the child looks forward to his periods of play. After all, exercise is nothing 
but play. For the really healthy person it is something to look forward to. A healthy youthful body craves exercise; it craves 
activity. Notice any child and you'll see that it is continually running, moving about and playing. It is only in a condition of 
physiological old age and disease that people shun exercise. Build health first; eliminate toxemia and remineralize your body 



with natural uncooked foods. Then you will be enthusiastic about exercise. You won't think about whether or not you should do 
it. You will simply take it as a matter of course as you would take any other form of entertainment or play. 

Salubrious Living - 14 

Building Strength and Health Through Exercise: The Role of Exercise In Your 
Program of Healthful Living 



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Salubrious Living - 15 

Some Common Ailments: Instructions for Removing Specific Types of Disease 
and Restoring the Body To A Condition of Health 

Properly speaking, there is only one disease. This is an attempt of the body to eliminate toxins, normalize chemistry, heal 
tissues, adapt itself to unfavorable conditions and do whatever else can be done to improve or preserve the functioning power 
of its cells, tissues and organs. The 20,000 diseases in the medical vocabulary are but manifestations of this one disease. 
Each is named according to the locality in which the healing crisis takes place and according to the character of the symptoms 
which are associated with it. In keeping with the nomenclature of the physician we speak of specific diseases, but at the same 
time we recognize that each is only a manifestation of the healing and adaptive action which is essentially the same in all parts 
of the body. 

The unity of the thousand of diseases quite obviously calls for the unity of treatment. Specific cures for specific diseases belong 
to medical "science" and form no part of the Hygienic System. We have one over-all method for caring for the sick. This plan is 
based upon a mode of living which in turn is based upon the needs and limitations of the human body in times of illness. As 
these vary to some slight extent with each type of illness, a brief discussion of some of the most common diseases, along with 
instructions as to how each may be permanently and completely remedied, is provided here. 

You must bear in mind that the forms of treatment offered for each of the diseases herein described must possess many 
similarities. In most conditions of ill health, fasting, the fruitarian diet and a planned program of exercise and nude sunbathing 
are the basic health measures employed. But the application of these varies a little with each disease. Some ailments call for 
long fasts, some for short fasts; others require a change in diet. Many need the greatest possible application of exercise and 
sunshine. With each disease the extent to which these health measures are employed is a little different. 

Also provided here is a description of the forms of treatment which you should not employ in attempting to get well. As a 
general rule, most medical procedures and "cures" do not restore health at all; they have a tendency to impair function still 
further. Hence you must understand each of the medical methods. You must realize that they form no part of the scientific, 
hygienic care of the sick patient. 

CONSTIPATION 

The fact that constipation is the most common of all existing diseases, as well as the father of many others, gives it first 
consideration. Constipation simply means the clogging of the small and large intestine. It is associated with abnormally slow 
movement of stools through the intestinal tract, and infrequent evacuations. Under normal conditions, when the body is in 
perfect functioning order and the diet is ideal, food is eliminated from the large bowel 10 to 24 hours after it is eaten. The feces 
are soft, porous and free from all offensive odor. The feces of the constipated person arc frequently hard, dry and offensive. 
The food usually remains in the intestinal tract for three to four days before being eliminated. During this time much putrefaction 
and fermentation takes place. Many toxins are generated and absorbed by the blood stream, and the hard-packed food residue 
presses against the tiny nerve endings in the colon, often producing headaches, fatigue, nausea and a general feeling of 
discomfort. Constipation often leads to many other diseases, chief of which is colitis. As long as you are constipated you 
cannot expect good general health. Perfect elimination is the first and most important prerequisite of a strong healthy body. 

The three most important causes of constipation are wrong foods, lack of abdominal exercise and failure to adopt the natural 
"squat" position when evacuating the bowels. Of these, the use of wrong foods deserves the most attention. The conventional 
diet is formed largely of pasty foods which clog up the intestinal tract. Good wallpaper paste can be made from white flour and 
water. Foods which are composed largely of these materials act as a paste in the intestine also. They are never eliminated 
before much fermentation has set in, and frequently they pack up against the intestinal walls where they remain to decay and 
encourage the growth of million of bacteria and hundreds of pinworms. Meat, milk, cheese and cooked vegetables also have a 
tendency to produce constipation. They seldom move through the body in from 10 to 24 hours unless they are eaten with a 
preponderance of raw fruits and vegetables. 

Surrounding the 30 feet of intestinal tubing are many muscles which aid in moving the food through the digestive tract. If you 
never exercise these muscles they are going to be weak; there is no escaping this. Activity builds strength and increases 
functioning power. Non-use of muscles produces weakness, and if carried to the extreme, results in atrophy. Races such as 
the Polynesians of the South Sea Islands have good elimination largely because they indulge in innumerable dances which 
twist and turn the muscles of the torso. Abdominal exercise of one kind or another is essential if elimination is not to be 
impaired. 

Most of the primitive races do not have toilets. They simply squat in a natural manner when having a bowel movement. This 
position permits the sphincter muscle at the end of the rectum to vigorously throw out all the fecal matter. When you use the 
ordinary modern toilet seat the sphincter muscle is not in a position to induce complete and thorough evacuation of the bowel. 



The result is food stagnation in the large intestine with decay and pressure on the sensitive nerve endings. 

The remedies advertised for constipation are numerous. Laxatives composed of drugs or herbs are most commonly used. 
These act as irritants to the lining of the intestinal tract. To protect itself from these irritants the lining "waters" just as the eye 
waters when it is irritated by a foreign agent. The secretion of the additional amount of liquids creates soft stools and hence 
induces rapid elimination. Temporarily, the results appear to be good but in the long run they are not so. Both the drug 
laxatives and the so-called "natural" herb laxatives irritate the intestinal lining to such an extent that, if used habitually, they 
frequently produce colitis and ulcers. They also overwork the already weakened intestinal muscles. It is like whipping a tired 
horse to run a little faster, only to become so tired that it will later move all the slower. Likewise, the temporary stimulation that 
laxatives produce is followed by greater weakness than ever. 

Mineral oil will induce bowel evacuation but its use is not to be recommended. Vitamin A, D, and K readily dissolve in this oil 
and are removed with the fecal matter. Night blindness, a symptom of vitamin A deficiency, is frequently seen in those who use 
mineral oil habitually. There is some evidence to indicate that the oil not only washes away the vitamins found in food but also 
absorbs some of the cells of the intestinal wall. 

E.V. McCollum and J. Ernestine Becker of John Hopkins University, Victor Heiser and Gaylord Hauser all speak favorably of 
the isotonic salt solution as an aid to faulty elimination. No doubt this is a better method of getting a bowel movement than 
resorting to drug laxatives but its use certainly is far from harmless. The solution contains about two level teaspoons of salt to 
one quart of water and is taken in the morning before breakfast. The irritating effects of the salt upon the intestinal lining are 
bad enough, but in those cases in which the salt is absorbed by the body instead of passing directly through the digestive tract 
the tissues become waterlogged and the victim undergoes no small amount of discomfort. The salt solution is, at best, a very 
poor remedy for constipation, and one which often produces more harm than benefit. It never removes the cause of 
constipation but only treats the symptoms, thus providing only temporary results. 

Colonic irrigations and enemas, so frequently employed by chiropractors, naturopaths and other drugless physicians, are not 
only useless but are definitely harmful. They weaken the colon walls by dilating this with water, and only add to the original 
causes. They offer only temporary relief and must be classed with the other forms of palliation and symptom treating. 

The only effective means of completely remedying constipation once and for all, no matter how serious or deep-seated it may 
be, is by removing the causes of the ailment. The first requirement is a fast which will give the intestinal muscles a chance to 
rest and thus regain their normal strength. Following the fast there should be a strictly natural diet which provides plenty of 
roughage and cellulose in the form of raw fruits and vegetables. Refined white flour products must be avoided under all 
conditions. Then adopt a program of exercising which stresses the activity of the abdominal muscles. The squat position during 
bowel evacuation must be employed at all times. The best plan is to place a small box directly in front of the toilet seat. This 
should be a little lower than the seat itself. By placing your feet upon this box you will have a close approach to the perfect 
squat position. If no box is available, bend over as far as you can so as to assume as close a resemblance to a squat position 
as is possible. If you give adequate attention to these four factors fasting, the use of uncooked foods, abdominal exercise and 
the proper position for bowel evacuation you will remedy the constipation in a very short time. And remember, this is the only 
method of getting results. Drugs, pills, herbs, salt solutions, enemas, etc., are of little or no value. Only the Hygienic System 
offers permanent recovery. 

COLITIS 

The colon is lined with a delicate membranous tissue. Under normal conditions when non-irritating foods are eaten, when the 
body is supplied with all of the elements it needs and it is not congested with toxins this lining remains in good condition and 
gives no trouble. However, the modern diet, containing as it does, many irritating condiments, devitalized foods and toxic 
materials, frequently gives rise to inflammation of the lining, a condition known as colitis. The contact of certain rather rough, 
course or acid foods with the inflamed area often produces much pain and physical discomfort. Associated with colitis there are 
frequently alternating constipation and diarrhea, the passage of mucous shred streaked with blood in stools, gas bloating, loss 
of appetite, nausea, foul breath, nervous irritability and general weakness. If the colitis is no remedied an ulcerous sore may 
develop in the field of inflammation. 

Physicians place all colitis patients on a bland diet of soft, mushy foods which do not produce pain when they touch the 
inflamed area. These generally include milk, cream, poached eggs, white bread, refined cereals and over-cooked pureed 
vegetables. This diet does not remedy colitis. At the most it temporarily prevents some of the pain which usually attends the 
disease. If the bland diet is continued very long it impairs the general health in a number of ways. Lacking as it does a good 
supply of vitamins and minerals, a further spread in the inflamed area is often induced. Constipation becomes more severe 
than ever and the patient undergoes much suffering without hope of recovery. 

There is one remedy and only one remedy for colitis. This is fasting. Nothing else, not even an elimination diet, can produce 
complete recovery. The fasts in these cases must necessarily be of long duration. Even the relatively mild cases require three 
or four weeks of fasting; in the most severe cases at least six weeks are often required before the inflammation disappears and 



the tissues are healed. The fast should be accompanied by a period of complete physical and mental rest. After the fast, 
sunbaths should be taken regularly and exercises which stress the abdominal region should be used. The diet should not be a 
bland diet, but rather should consist of a wide variety of fresh, uncooked foods. It should be employed permanently if a 
recurrence of the disease is to be avoided. 

ULCERS 

An ulcer is a crater-like sore in the wall of the stomach, duodenum or small intestine. It varies in size but it is rarely larger than 
two and one-half inches in diameter. It is not a local disease; rather, it is but one manifestation of general systemic impairment 
and derangement brought about by faulty living habits. The gastric juice of the ulcer patient is always too acid and hence is a 
causative factor in the production of the sore. The excessive acidity is not confined to merely the gastric juice but extends 
throughout the entire body. It is due in part to the consumption of excessive amounts of foods which have an acid reaction, 
foods such as cereals, bread, meat, cheese, eggs and denatured products of all kinds. Irritating condiments and laxatives lead 
to ulcers in many instances, and the fact that ulcers can be produced at will in white rats by feeding them caffeine lends 
support to the theory that coffee drinking plays a role in creating conditions which favor the development of the disease. 

J.C. Meakins, M.D., L.L.D., writes in The Practice of Medicine that "the cause of peptic ulcer is unknown." Other doctors agree, 
but this does not prevent them from treating the disease. Lacking knowledge of cause, they treat the symptoms. The 
antiquated Sippy diet, which consists of taking milk and cream every two hours, followed later by a bland diet and inorganic 
alkaline powders, is employed in practically every case. The milk and cream combine with the gastric juice and render it less 
irritating to the ulcer. The bland diet also is designed for its non-irritating properties, but it is formed predominantly of the acid- 
ash foods and hence adds to the primary cause of the ulcer. The alkaline powders temporarily neutralize stomach acidity but 
they also interfere with digestion and are of no value in removing the cause. Most patients are not permanently remedied on 
the Sippy diet and many of them resort to surgery. The surgeon removes the ulcerous area or makes a new opening in the 
stomach, which drains the acids more readily and hence gives rest to the original ulcer site. The patient occasionally 
experiences some temporary relief, but after he returns to his old dietary habits there is usually a recurrence of ulcers either at 
the original site or in an entirely new area. 

Hygienic treatment is directed solely at removing the cause of the ulcer. A fast, which gives the affected area an opportunity to 
heal, is first employed. On the first two to four days of the fast there is often much discomfort resulting from the contact of the 
gastric juice with the ulcer; later, as gastric secretion ceases, all pain disappears and does not return. The fast must be of long 
duration, fully as long as that used in treating colitis. After the fast a highly alkaline fruitarian diet must be employed, and this 
should be combined with a program of exercise and sunbathing. Under this plan of treatment recovery may be expected in all 
except the most severe and advanced cases, though even these experience much improvement. If the ulcers have reached the 
stage where scar tissue has formed and contracted a portion of the intestinal or stomach wall to such an extent that pain is 
continuous, little or nothing can be done. Fortunately, however, this is not a common occurrence and is the exception rather 
than the general rule. Scar tissue is usually present but seldom contracts the surrounding tissues to such an extent that 
irreparable harm is done. Barring then, this one rare exception, we may confidently expect ulcer patients to fully and completely 
recover under the hygienic plan of treatment. 

CANCER 

Cancer is a malignant growth which is associated with hardening of the tissue, extended cell growth and an unusually rapid 
rate of cell multiplication. It is the end-point of a long, drawn out process of pathological development brought about by toxemia 
and chemical deficiencies. 

Back of every case of cancer is a history of wrong eating and other body abuses. Experiments with rats show that these 
animals develop cancer when they are fed upon foods which are deficient in vitamins and minerals. In the world of primitive 
man cancer is wholly unknown or is a very rare occurrence. Primitives become highly susceptible to cancer only after they 
adopt a modernized diet. It is only the domesticated animals and captive wild animals which are afflicted with cancer to any 
appreciable extent, and even they are less susceptible than is man. Observations of human and animal life throughout the 
world show one thing clearly: cancer is the product of modern living habits, including the use of highly refined foods. It attains 
no prominence when the diet remains comparatively natural and well balanced. 

Radium and surgery are the chief methods of treatment employed by the doctors of today. The radium is of some value in 
destroying the diseased tissue, and small cancerous growths can be removed by the surgeon. But cancer is a systemic 
disease which involves the whole body. Destroy or remove the growths if you will, but they will Usually come back in a different 
area and possibly in a more virulent form. It must be remembered that neither radium nor surgery removes the cause of 
cancer. They treat the end-points of the pathology only and do nothing whatsoever to prevent recurring growths throughout the 
body. There is also danger involved in the surgical operation, danger which is non-existent under the hygienic method of 
treatment. 

In many cases cancer can be completely and permanently remedied. Both fasts and elimination diets are of value, but the 



former will produce the most rapid results and frequently succeeds where the other fails or permits only partial recovery. The 
fast should be of long duration; it is useless to expect short fasts to remedy such deep-seated ailments as cancer. Sunbathing 
should be employed as soon as possible, and the fast should be followed by a raw fruitarian diet with no deviations there from. 
A planned program of exercise should begin as soon as the strength and energy permit. During the fast the cancerous growth 
will be absorbed, and the mode of living after the fast will prevent a recurrence of the disease. Only the minority of cancer 
patients, those who have allowed the cancer to develop year after year into its most advanced stage, cannot be helped by the 
hygienic procedure. Early treatment practically insures success and complete recovery. 

DIABETES Sugar must be oxidized before it can be used to best advantage by the body. With the aid of insulin, a secretion of 
the pancreas, it is normally oxidized in the blood, changed into glycogen, and transferred to the liver and muscles where it is 
used and ultimately changed into carbon dioxide and water. The pancreas is formed of very small parts called islands of 
langerhans. When these are deranged, impaired or destroyed the pancreas is unable to secrete enough insulin to oxidize all of 
the sugar eaten, the excess accumulates in the blood and eventually passes out of the body in the urine. The patient develops 
all sorts of unpleasant symptoms usually the loss of weight, headaches, depression, constipation, a sweet breath, glazed 
tongue, dry skin and occasionally a tendency towards pyorrhea and bleeding gums. When the sugar saturation of the blood 
reaches a certain point and the urine can tolerate no more, the sugar breaks down into materials called ketones and acetones. 
The patient then enters the pre-coma and coma stage, which is followed shortly thereafter by death. This whole train of 
symptoms, from the first excess of sugar in the blood and urine to the coma stage, in known as diabetes. 

Dayton s Practice of Medicine gives heredity, male sex, adult life, Jewish race, obesity, cerebral or spinal disease or injury, 
infectious diseases and nervous strain as the factors which create a pre-disposition to diabetes. It claims that the "actual cause 
is unknown. Pancreatic disease is probably important." These contentions are not in accordance withthe known facts. It 
requires a wild imagination to picture Jewish race, adult life and male sex as indirect causes of diabetes or any other disease. 
A weakened hereditary background brought about by the deficient diets of the parents is the only important factor which 
creates a pre-disposition to diabetes. The direct causes which activate the pre-disposition into a pathological form are toxic 
irritants and chemical deficiencies resulting from improper eating habits. Pancreatic disease is not a cause in itself. It is but a 
symptom of diabetes, an end-point of a long process of pathological development. 

The medical failure to understand cause is followed by the expected ineffective treatment. Once a diabetic, always a diabetic- 
that is the verdict in nearly all cases. Injections of insulin are given to permit oxidation of the sugar, the patient's life is 
somewhat prolonged, but no complete permanent recovery follows. The moment the insulin injections stop the patient goes 
downhill fast. A low sugar diet is also employed but no attempt is made to restore the functioning power of the pancreas. The 
little islands of langerhans continue to be impaired and destroyed with the result that the patient gradually grows weaker and 
weaker. The outcome is never favorable and frequently ends in death during a coma. 

The possibility of recovery depends upon the amount of functioning power remaining in the pancreas. This power, under 
normal conditions, is far in excess of what is actually needed; hence, even if some of the islands of langerhans have been 
destroyed, recovery may take place. The immediate need is to prevent all further tissue destruction and give the weakened 
tissues a rest so they may recuperate and regain their vital powers. A fast will meet this need most effectively. It will permit 
recovery in all except the most advanced cases, and even in these the life can usually be greatly prolonged. No insulin 
injections should be given at any time. Following the fast the high-sugar foods should be introduced into the diet gradually; go 
easy on sweet fruits such as dates and dried figs for at least a few weeks. After that the normal fruitarian diet, together with a 
program of sunbathing and exercise will prevent further pancreatic impairment and other diabetic symptoms. 

SKIN DISEASES 

In the medical vocabulary there are over 100 well-defined skin diseases. Most of them manifest themselves in the form of small 
pimples or eruptions. Acne is the most common of all skin diseases and is inflammation of the oil glands of the skin and follicles 
of the tiny hairs which are attached to the oil glands. 

The center of the field of inflammation is the blackhead. Around it the pimple forms and on the end of the pimple there usually 
forms a small pus-containing pustule. Eventually, the pustule turns into a sort of hard crust and falls off. The inflammation then 
subsides and recovery is made, but there often is left a small scar or pit which never goes away. It is this scar tissue which is 
most undesirable and detracts so much from facial beauty. 

The preceding description is of the most common form of acne. Some of the other forms are more severe; acne indurate; 
malnutritional acne, affecting chiefly the calves and thighs; scurvy acne, associated with hemorrhages into the skin; and 
hypertrophic acne, which is followed by the over-growth of connective tissue. All of these are similar except in the appearance 
of outward symptoms. They are all associated with inflammation, have similar causes and require similar treatment. 

The direct cause of acne is the presence of irritating toxins in and near the oil glands due to the failure of these glands and the 
rest of the skin to get the chemical elements they need from the blood. When the skin is underfed, an abnormally large number 
of cells die. These supply food for bacteria which in turn are a secondary causative factor of certain skin diseases. A perfect 



chemical balance does more than anything else to preserve a clear, healthy skin. 

The medical treatment for acne and other forms of skin disease consists of the application of various salves, lotions and 
ointments, together with drug injections and occasionally the use of vitamin A in the form offish liver oil and synthetic vitamin B. 
The external applications and the injections occasionally suppress the disease temporarily but there is usually a recurrence as 
soon as treatment ends. The vitamin preparations are distinctly inferior to natural foods. The fish liver oil, even though it is a 
rich source of vitamin A, falls far short of being a healthful product. The combination of external applications, injections and 
concentrates generally fails to remove acne permanently and often fails to provide even temporary relief. 

Acne and most other skin diseases may be remedied speedily and completely by a general health-building program. This 
should start with a fast during which time the existing pimples will be absorbed and future eruptions will be checked. Simple 
acne disappears on fasts of from one to two weeks in duration. The more severe forms, and also eczema, require longer fasts, 
often ranging in length up to three or four weeks. After the fast a diet of natural, uncooked foods which supply the skin with the 
elements it needs, should be adopted. To strengthen and increase the resistance of the skin to future disease, sunbaths and 
air baths should be taken regularly. Light clothing should be worn and the skin should be kept clean at all times. 

ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATISM AND GOUT 

Arthritis, rheumatism and gout are all names of the same condition and apply to inflammation of the joints. Rheumatism is also 
used to denote the inflammation of muscular tissue, and gout is restricted to inflamed toe joints. Associated with the 
inflammation is a lack of the synovial fluid which is normally present in the joints. Usually there are also heavy incrustations of 
mineral deposits in the joints, and these tend to impair mobility and cause stiffness. All of these conditions may be either acute 
or chronic. In the acute stage they are accompanied by fever and are most sever and painful. In many cases acute arthritis 
becomes chronic and spreads from joint to joint throughout the body. In time the joint structures themselves may be destroyed. 

Bacteria tend to produce arthritis when the body suffers from a lack of vitamin C. Arthritis can be produced in white rats at will 
through bacteria injections when the animals' diet lacks vitamin C. But all attempts to give the rats arthritis when their diet is 
adequate in all respects have failed. Bacteria appear to be a secondary cause of this condition at most. The real underlying 
cause is the presence of diseased tissue which has been irritated by toxins. This tissue gives the bacteria an ideal habitat in 
which they may do their work. To prevent arthritis you must stop doing the things which produce toxemia. You must stop eating 
devitalized foods which cause a lack of synovial fluid, and you must avoid all intake of inorganic minerals, including common 
table salt, as some of these have a tendency to cause deposits in the joints. 

Medical authorities trace arthritis to some "foci of infection" such as infected teeth, tonsils, gall bladder, appendix, kidneys or 
sinuses. In the hope of remedying the arthritis, surgery is often resorted to. The sinuses may be scraped, and the teeth, tonsils, 
gall bladder or appendix may be removed. Coupled with the surgical treatment various drugs are employed to kill the bacteria 
which supposedly cause the arthritis. The results of this treatment are not very satisfactory. A few patients note that the most 
painful symptoms are temporarily suppressed; most of the patients are not helped at all. And it is important to note that in 
nearly all cases there is a definite impairment of health resulting from drug poisoning and the unnecessary removal of important 
organs. In spite of the most extensive medical treatment there are still 6,000,000 arthritis sufferers in the United States, and 
there is no indication that the figure will be lowered in the future. Indeed, the inefficiency of medical treatment and the lack of 
medical preventive knowledge may actually help to increase the prevalence of arthritis. 

Practically all forms of arthritis and related diseases can be speedily remedied (the deformities cannot be corrected). The first 
requirement is the provision of physiological rest which will enable the inflammation to subside and permit the removal of the 
toxic deposits in and about the joints. A fast or elimination diet will best supply this rest. The most rapid results will be obtained 
on the fast; one to three weeks is usually required to facilitate recovery. The elimination diet works slower; it may have to be 
used several weeks before the desired results are achieved. Sunbathing should be used in addition to the eliminative regime. 
Exercise is to be employed as soon as recovery is far enough along to permit movement of joints without undue pain or 
difficulty. After all symptoms disappear the fruitarian diet should be adopted to make the remedy a permanent one. 

TUBERCULOSIS 

Tuberculosis is a condition characterized by the general wasting away of tissues and the formation of small nodular growths 
known as tubercles. It may occur in any part of the body, though the lungs, bones, kidneys, bronchial tubes, alimentary canal, 
brain and skin are most susceptible. The names given to each of the forms of tuberculosis are not indicative of specific 
diseases; they only indicate the locality in which the tissue destruction and nodular formation take place. 

The causes of tuberculosis have long been a subject of much controversy. Medical authorities place all the blame on the 
tubercle bacillus of Koch. In his Medical Diagnosis Green declares that this bacteria "may be present early, more often late, or 
in rare instances be absent throughout" the entire history of the tubercular patient. Obviously this is a strange type of disease 
which usually commences and occasionally runs its full course in the absence of its cause. We have heard here the equivalent 
of a causeless effect. Also, the fact that millions of people who display no symptoms of tuberculosis harbor the tubercle 



bacillus, provides us with an effectless cause. This type of reasoning may be suitable to medical science but it is not suitable to 
the Hygienic system. We must look further for a solution. 

Races which still live upon their native, unrefined foods are notoriously free from tuberculosis. This is true of the Indian tribes of 
the arctic regions as well as the South Sea Islanders of the tropics. But these same primitives die in great numbers from 
tuberculosis after they adopt the denatured diet of civilization. This would seem to indicate that the chemical deficiencies 
resulting from the refining of foodstuffs and perhaps the toxic poisons which are found in so many modern foods are the chief 
causes of tuberculosis. The causative factors are chemical rather than bacterial. At most, the bacteria are secondary cause. 
They may play the role in the destruction of tissue but it is the chemical deficiencies and the toxic overloads which give them a 
suitable environment in which to thrive and do their damage. We can destroy the tubercle bacillus again and again but fail to 
prevent tuberculosis. However, when we live in a manner which provides perfect chemical balance, the prevention of this 
disease is assured. 

Present day medical treatment abuses tubercular patients instead of helping them. Doctors speak of the supposedly great 
harm done by the tubercle bacillus, and in the next breath they recommend diets which supply it with an ideal environment in 
which to work and thrive. Overfeeding, as well as the use of refined breads, pastries, cakes and pasteurized milk is the general 
rule in medical tubercular sanatoriums throughout America. Periods of rest in bed with neglect of exercise are common. 
Sunbathing is given practically no consideration. Rollier's Institute of Heliotherapy, of Switzerland, is one of the few medical 
institutions which provides tubercular patients with relatively good care. It is likewise one of the few which presents a record of 
recoveries it may be proud of. 

The hygienic treatment for tuberculosis begins with a short fast. Long fasts have been used, but the difficulty certain tubercular 
patients have in gaining weight following them makes them inadvisable at this time. A prolonged elimination diet may be used 
in place of the fast or might well be used to follow the fast. When a normal diet is resumed it should consist entirely of 
uncooked foods, preferably those of the plant kingdom. Sunbathing is advisable in every case. The first sunbaths should be of 
very short duration; in the interests of safety the rate of progression should be slower than usual. Exercise is always valuable in 
treating tuberculosis. The first movements should be very mild, and not until much improvement has been made should any of 
the strenuous ones be employed. Fresh air is important also and should be taken at every opportunity. Patients should sleep 
with their windows open every night. Sub-zero temperatures should be avoided as much as possible by those with 
consumption (tuberculosis of the lungs), as the extreme cold tends to irritate the lungs. The consumptive can recover most 
rapidly in a warm climate although this is not always essential. 

Tissue which has been destroyed obviously cannot be replaced whether the Hygienic System is employed or not. However, all 
further destruction and wastage can be checked and a great improvement in health made. If you have tuberculosis you most 
certainly can recover sufficiently to permit a useful life unless you have allowed your condition to take you to the very brink of 
death. No forms of tuberculosis are incurable in their early stages. Only after the tissue destruction has gone so far as to 
remove the power of an organ to function is recovery uncertain or impossible. 

HEART DISEASE 

There are a wide variety of heart diseases. They vary somewhat in their essential nature but in all cases the functional 
efficiency of the heart is impaired, and unless special remedial steps are taken death is the certain outcome. Most of the 
common forms of heart derangement are associated with inflammation or degeneration of the heart muscle, hardening of the 
coronary artery, slow or rapid heart beat, overgrowth of the heart tissue (this is not always pathological), dilation of the heart 
muscle, inflammation of the lining of the heart, or fatty degeneration of the heart. As the nature of the heart impairments vary, 
so do the symptoms. However, as a general rule most patients suffer from light to severe pains in the heart region. Associated 
with these is often shortness of breath, a feeling of imminent death during each attack, an irregular pulse, occasional periodic 
fever and general weakness. 

The chief causes of heart disease are vitamin deficiencies, irritation from poisons, and lack of exercise. The heart is the first 
organ to suffer when vitamin B is undersupplied in the diet. In human beings heart impairment has been produced on 
experimental diets. Both Dr. Russell Wilder of the Mayo Clinic, and Dr. Norman Jolliffe of the Cornell Medical School, have 
placed groups of people on diets lacking vitamin B, and found that within a few weeks to several weeks the individuals noticed 
symptoms of heart disease, including an irregular pulse and shortness of breath. The use of foods rich in vitamin B restored the 
hearts to normal. A lack of vitamin C also is a cause of heart trouble. When the diets of experimental animals lack this vitamin 
their hearts usually suffer in one-way or another. 

The caffeine of coffee has produced no small amount of heart disease. Some patients recover simply by eliminating coffee 
from their diet. Drugs are also highly toxic and tend to produce heart derangements. The salicylates used in treating 
rheumatism rank among the chief offenders. Doctors often speak of the great amount of heart trouble which follows 
rheumatism, but they fail to realize that it is the drug and not the rheumatism which is the causative factor. It is chiefly among 
the rheumatic patients who are drugged that heart trouble follows as a complication. The toxins resulting from the impaired 
elimination of cellular waste matter also probably play an important role in the production of heart disease. Associated with the 



toxins of external origin, they irritate the heart tissues and produce inflammation. 

A strong, healthy heart must be exercised regularly. Quite frequently when people live sedentary lives the heart suffers from 
lack of use. Its muscles are weakened, and if the inactivity is carried to the extreme, degeneration and atrophy follow. Those 
who use tobacco regularly suffer most from heart disease. Smoking induces shallow breathing which in turn gives the heart the 
least amount of exercise. When you breathe deeply the heart is used and stimulated into greater activity. It is strengthened and 
gains greater resistance to disease. The combination of sedentary living and smoking plays havoc with even the strongest 
heart. 

From a medical standpoint most forms of heart disease are incurable. Drugs are often used in the hope of promoting recovery 
but they have failed completely. Vitamin and mineral concentrates are gaining new prominence as remedies for heart trouble, 
and though they are less damaging to body tissues than are the drugs, they have not lived up to expectations. Doctors still do 
not place any great importance upon diet in treating heart disease. The only good part of their program appears to be their 
insistence upon rest for the patient, but even here they have gone too far. Rest is good but it can be overdone. The forced rest, 
coupled with the absence of any well-planned program of exercise, has probably worked against recovery in many cases. 

The first requirement in all cases of heart disease is fasting. This is the best method of giving the impaired heart the rest it so 
badly needs. During this physiological rest the heart is strengthened, its inflamed tissues are healed, and quite often its 
degenerated tissues are normalized. On the fast the heart should be watched carefully. If it becomes very erratic or irregular 
the fast should be broken and a prolonged elimination diet used in its place. Following the fast or elimination diet the fruitarian 
dietary regime may be used. Great care must be taken to chew all food thoroughly and to eat moderately so as to prevent the 
formation of gas. When gas is present it has a tendency to press against the liver which in turn presses the heart and produces 
discomfort, and if the heart is still weak, a heart attack. Sunbaths should be taken regularly, and as the strength increases 
exercise may be employed. The first exercise should be very mild. After a few months or more of steady progression the more 
strenuous exercises may be used. Between exercise periods the body should receive plenty of rest, care taken to avoid 
overwork and fatigue at all times. 

The possibility of complete recovery from heart disease naturally must depend upon many factors. Practically every form of this 
disease can reach the stage where no help can be given. There are also certain conditions such as dilation of the heart, 
hemopericardium (blood in the pericardium), and calcified pericardium, which can usually be remedied only partially in any 
stage. But the most common heart afflictions such as angina pectoris, acute myocarditis, fatty overgrowth of the heart, 
endocarditis and ordinary pericarditis are among those which respond most favorably to the hygienic treatment. In their early 
stages complete recovery can often be expected, and even when the condition has advanced too far to permit this there is 
usually enough improvement to eliminate most of the discomfort and prolong the life for many years. 

INFANTILE PARALYSIS 

Infantile Paralysis is also known as anterior poliomyelitis and characterized by atrophy or inflammation of the anterior grey 
horns of the spinal cord, together with the wasting of the muscles and their corresponding loss of power. The hands are usually 
affected first. They lose their power and assume a claw like position. There are often twitchings and tremors in the muscles of 
the arms, shoulders, neck and trunk. Gradually the muscular wastage spreads until the legs themselves may be affected. In 
rare cases the first symptoms are noticed in the lower part of the back and spread to other parts of the body from this area. The 
great loss of muscular tissue is always apparent, and in the later stages the patient becomes quite emaciated. Infants and 
young children are affected more often than others; hence the disease has been called infantile paralysis. 

Medical authorities claim that the cause of infantile paralysis and other forms of polio is an undiscovered form of bacteria or 
virus which is carried by flies and other insects. In the interests of science it would be better to discover the existence of the 
offending agent before identifying it as a causative factor. Attempting to destroy undiscovered germs belongs to the world of 
occult rather than scientific activities. The real cause of infantile paralysis is unbalanced chemistry. The disease is common 
only in those areas where refined foods which lack sufficient vitamins and minerals are used. Among primitive groups who still 
use their native foods it is very rare or altogether non-existent. Toxins also play a role in producing this disease. Paralysis is 
occasionally an aftermath of drug, serum and vaccine poisoning. It develops most often after the tonsils (which neutralize 
toxins) are removed. 

Medical efforts to prevent and completely remedy infantile paralysis and other forms of polio are usually failures. A chemical 
spray known as DDT is employed as a modern preventive but it not only does not prevent the disease, it also is highly toxic to 
the human body. Complete physical collapse and serious illness following the use of DDT in homes and public lavatories was 
reported when the spray was used in the 1945 Rockford, III., polio epidemic. 

The orthodox medical treatment for this disease includes the use of toxic drugs (the newest of which is neostigmine) and 
Plaster of Paris casts, splints and braces to forcibly correct the deformities. The few patients who recover do so in spite of this 
treatment rather than because of it. The Sister Kenny method of caring for polio patients is inadequate but nevertheless it is 
less abusive than the orthodox treatment. Sister Kenny does not poison her patients with drugs and torture the already 



weakened muscles by placing them in plaster casts. She uses massage, exercise and hot water application as the basis of her 
program of treatment. The exercise is undoubtedly of much value but the massage and water applications are mere palliatives 
which probably do not promote recovery. Certainly the modernized foods used by Sister Kenny harm rather than help the 
patients. Her failure to employ heliotherapy cannot be approved. The record of Sister Kenny is from 50 to 1 00 per cent better 
than that of the orthodox physicians in spite of her failure to provide patients with a well-balanced program of healthful living. 
The great help which is given to polio patients simply by her employment of exercises indicates how much more we can expect 
with the fullest and most complete application of the Hygienic System. 

Fasting, natural diet, and sunbathing, in addition to exercise, form the basis of the hygienic treatment of infantile paralysis. The 
fast should begin at the sign of the first symptom and should be continued if possible until there is a certain amount of 
improvement. But this improvement, if it does occur while fasting, is not usually great. The real work must be done after the 
fast, with an extensive program of exercise and sunbathing. The first exercises may have to be passive, the movements being 
made with assistance of a helper. With each movement the patient should concentrate as much as possible upon voluntary 
muscular action. In time voluntary movement of the affected areas may be possible. Care must be taken to use very slow 
movements at first and never to exercise to the point of fatigue. The sunbaths should be taken every day if possible. The diet 
should be fruitarian, a radical departure from that employed by Sister Kenny and orthodox physicians, for theirs usually 
includes pasteurized milk, cooked vegetables, white bread, white sugar, coffee and other unwholesome foods. 

Other forms of paralysis may be treated by the same methods. Muscular dystrophy, the disease which caused the early death 
of the famed Lou Gehrig, and which of late has been receiving considerable newspaper publicity, should respond favorably to 
hygienic treatment. If the hygienic plan of care is instituted early enough many of the paralysis victims can expect complete 
recovery with no resulting deformity, and certainly most of the others can expect improvement. Voluntary muscular action can 
usually be restored. After the acute symptoms have passed and the disease has advanced well into its chronic stage with 
pronounced deformities, the amount of help that can be given is often distinctly limited. The muscular wastage may be 
arrested, a certain amount of muscular action may be restored and the life may be prolonged, but the actual deformity of the 
limbs cannot always be corrected. Early treatment gives the best assurance of complete recovery. 

LEUKEMIA 

Leukemia is not a common disease but it is so generally misunderstood by physician and layman alike that it deserves mention 
here. Leukemia is associated with an excess of white cells in the blood, impairment of the cells of the bone marrow and, in 
some cases, impairment of the lymphatic glands. The chief noticeable symptoms are a pale complexion, general weakness, 
enlargement of the abdomen caused by an increase in the size of the spleen, pain in the area of the spleen, occasional 
digestive distress, recurring fever and progressive emaciation. In the advanced stages there is a lack of red blood cells and an 
increased tendency toward hemorrhages from the membranes into the skin and brain. 

Medical authorities claim that the cause of leukemia is unknown. Be this as it may, hygienists have always noticed that the 
disease is most common among those whose diets are most defective and those who live in regions where sunshine is least 
abundant. There is no reason to believe that leukemia has different causes than other blood diseases. The efficient function of 
the spleen and other lymph glands as well as of the bone materials fail in their work of controlling the chemistry and 
organization of the blood when they are not supplied with the vitamins and minerals they need. The importance of sunshine in 
all conditions which affect the blood and lymph glands has long been known by those who have employed heliotherapy. 

The medical treatment consists of the use of the X-Ray and the -injection of radioactive substances such as phosphorus. No 
patients recover under this plan of treatment. Temporary relief is experienced but the disease always proves fatal. It is for this 
reason that so much publicity is given to the victims of leukemia. Newspapers report day by day the decline and progress of the 
leukemia patients, often bringing to them nation wide attention. 

The only cases of leukemia which are not given newspaper publicity are those which experience recovery, either partial or 
complete. Three noted hygienists, Herbert M. Shelton, George R. Weger and J.M. Tilden, have reported good results in 
treating this disease by natural methods. A fast is the first requirement. It should be followed by a fruitarian diet and a program 
of sunbathing and exercise. The sunbaths should be stressed above all else. Exercise should be taken in proportion to the 
patient's strength, and the rate of progression should not be too rapid. Immediate recovery should not be expected. Leukemia 
is a deep-seated condition which requires prolonged treatment. Little of value can be accomplished within a few weeks or a few 
months unless treatment begins while the disease is in its earliest stages. Patients with advanced leukemia cannot hope to 
recover in less than six months to a year. When the disease is permitted to go so far that complete recovery is impossible there 
is generally notable improvement and considerable prolongation of life. 

GALL BLADDER INFECTIONS 

The gall bladder is a small membranous pear-shaped bag located just below the liver. Its purpose is to store and discharge into 
the intestine, during periods of digestion, the bile which has previously been secreted by the liver. Bile carries the vitamins A, 
D, E, and K from the intestinal wall into the blood. When it is absent these vitamins are not absorbed but pass through the 



digestive tract with the stools. Bile is also necessary to break up fat into very small droplets which can be acted upon by the fat- 
digesting enzymes. When bile is lacking the fat remains largely undigested, surrounds the other small food particles and thus 
prevents the digestive enzymes from working upon them. The ultimate result is frequently much gas and other digestive 
distress. 

When the inner mucous membrane lining of the gall bladder and bile duct is inflamed, little bile is sent into the small intestine. 
The duct is so greatly swollen that an adequate supply of bile is prevented from flowing through it. Consequently, vitamins A, D, 
E and K are not absorbed by the blood and digestion is incomplete. Nearly all victims of gall bladder trouble suffer from eye 
ailments in some form because they lack vitamin A. They frequently suffer from indigestion, pains in the region of the gall 
bladder, vomiting, diarrhea, foul breath, chills and excessive perspiration. In the advanced stages small stones from as small 
as grains of sand to as large as walnuts often form in the gall bladder. They cause little or no discomfort if they remain there, 
but more often than not the small stones enter the bile duct and pass through into the intestine. This passage is often 
accompanied by the most severe pains, which quickly cease as soon as the stones enter the intestine. 

The medical treatment of gall bladder infection and gallstones consists of the employment of a diet low in its fat content, special 
bile tablets and, in advanced cases, artificial drainage of the gall bladder or its complete removal. None of these forms of 
treatment remove the underlying causes of this disease. They do not restore the function of the liver so that its bile secretions 
into the gall bladder may be normalized. They do not remove the irritating toxins which produce the catarrhal inflammation of 
the bladder lining. The bile tablets and low fat diets are, at most, "crutches" for the weakened gall bladder, and the surgical 
removal of this organ is accompanied with much danger, the possibility of poisoning from the anesthesia used, and a lowered 
resistance to disease in general in the future. 

Simple gall bladder and bile duct infection is completely remedied on fasts of one to three weeks in duration. The pus is 
removed, the inflammation subsides and the tissues are healed during the physiological rest. When stones have formed in the 
gall bladder longer fasts are required. During these the stones are softened and later disintegrate and pass through the bile 
duct into the small intestine. With the removal of the last stones, all pain ceases and recovery is complete. There is never a 
recurrence of the trouble if the mode of living is proper after the fast. The uncooked diet and the use of abdominal exercise is 
recommended. 

APPENDICITIS 

The appendix is a small worm-like organ attached to the first portion of the ascending colon. Under normal conditions its 
purpose is to secrete a mucous fluid into the colon. This fluid acts as a lubricant and helps to assure normal elimination. In the 
absence of the appendix there is a great tendency toward constipation. The vast majority of people who have undergone an 
appendectomy are constipated although prior to the operation elimination was relatively normal. The appendix is composed 
largely of lymphoid tissue and may act as a purifier and toxin-destroyer just as do most of the other lymph glands of the body. 
Its function may be two-fold: to secrete a lubricant into the colon and neutralize or destroy toxins. 

Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. It may be acute, chronic, gangrenous or ruptured with peritonitis and abscess 
formation. In practically all cases it is due to irritation from toxins which have entered the body in the food supply and toxins 
resulting from the impaired elimination of the end products of metabolism. Behind appendicitis is a history of wrong eating. A 
hygienic mode of living produces immunity to the disease. 

Recovery in all cases should be expected if a fast is instituted at the sign of the first symptom and continued until the appendix 
has had time to dispose of the obstructing toxins and heal itself. Most cases clear up completely within two weeks of fasting at 
the most. A week of fasting is all that is required in the lighter cases. No enemas or laxatives should be used. Surgery is 
entirely unnecessary. 

If the appendix has ruptured it is especially important that the patient start fasting immediately and that he does not resort to 
surgery. The mortality rate in cases of acute, gangrenous, ruptured appendicitis with peritonitis is only 1 .43 per cent when the 
operation is deferred. Immediate operations for the same condition have provided a mortality rate of 10.64 per cent. 
(Reference: Journal of the American Medical Association, Dec. 5, 1 936, page 1 91 0.) So you run nearly eight times the chance 
of losing your life if you are operated on. Surely the wisest and safest policy is to avoid surgery and turn to hygiene. When this 
is done the appendix ruptures into the abdominal cavity. If resistance is high the resulting inflammation of the abdominal lining 
is walled off if an abscess formation with little or no danger; if resistance is lowered the inflammation may spread throughout 
the whole abdominal region. While resting the inflammation is given the best chance to subside. However, if surgery is 
employed the resistance will be lowered still further and the infection may continue spreading until death results. The solution is 
then obvious. It involves fasting until recovery is complete. 

TONSILLITIS 

The tonsils are small clusters of lymphoid tissue found just behind the mouth cavity. Their purpose is to filter out toxins from the 
blood, and they appear to greatly add to the body's resistance to many types of disease. Their removal is followed by greater 



susceptibility to bronchitis, pneumonia, abnormal growth rates and systemic diseases. Records show that the bulbar type of 
poliomyelitis develops five times as often in children who have had their tonsils removed than in others. 

The removal of tonsils not only impairs the body's future resistance to disease; it also is associated with much danger during 
the operation. Tonsillar hemorrhages are quite frequent, voices are occasionally ruined, parts of the infected tonsil may slip 
down the throat and infect the lungs, and death may result from the use of anesthesia. Any or all of these things can happen 
during a tonsillectomy. This is no minor operation. It can be accompanied by dire complications. 

Infected tonsils are inflamed tonsils. The inflammation occurs as a result of an excess of irritating toxic substances and is really 
evidence of curative action. Refined and cooked foods, together with a lack of sunshine, exercise and fresh air are the basic 
causes of all cases of tonsillitis. They produce more toxins than can be neutralized without the development of pathological 
symptoms. 

Though tonsils should not be removed, neither should they be permitted to remain infected. A hygienic plan of care should be 
instituted at once. A fast or elimination diet is generally essential, though in most cases it need not be of long duration. On the 
fast or diet the inflammation subsides and recovery is complete. Sunshine is also of much value and shortens the time required 
for recovery. 

THE COMMON COLD 

The cold is the most common of all acute diseases. It is always associated with inflammation of the membrane lining passages 
and the hyper secretion of mucous which is generally eliminated through the nose. These symptoms are the result of toxemia 
and enervation. Those who develop colds most often live sedentary lives, get little or no sunshine and live chiefly on cooked 
foods. When the resultant toxins reach the nasal mucous membrane, inflammation develops as a means of eliminating them. 
An excessive amount of mucous is secreted and covers the membrane to protect it from the irritating effects of the toxins. After 
elimination is complete and the membrane has freed itself from all irritating agents, the cold ceases and is said to have "run its 
course." 

Medical science claims that the cause of the common cold is unknown. Bacteria or virus are suspected as possible causes, but 
no one has ever proved that there is any relation between these and colds. Lacking a knowledge of cause, doctors are unable 
to either prevent colds or limit their duration in all cases. After spending huge sums of money and much time and energy in 
research, medical authorities know about as much about the cause and proper treatment of the cold as they did a thousand 
years ago. As practically all of their research is bent upon finding the bacteria which supposedly cause all of the trouble, their 
failure is a foregone conclusion. 

Colds are not caught and they are not given to others. They do not result from a draft of fresh air, wet feet or overexposure in 
rainy cold weather. Colds frequently follow this exposure but the underlying causes are distinct and different from this. At the 
most, undue exposure acts as the immediate inciting agent for the eliminating crisis. In this role it acts as a benefactor, not as 
an enemy or primary causative factor. 

The common cold costs 1 00,000,000 working days and $2,000,000,000 per year in America. These figures show the need for 
a mode of living which both prevents colds and limits their duration to the shortest possible length of time. A mode of living 
which does this is based upon natural hygiene. It calls for periodic exercise, sunbathing and diet as preventives, and fasting as 
the remedy. Colds never become chronic if no food and drugs are used from the outset. Fasting produces speedy recoveries in 
all cases. It generally limits the duration of the cold to three to five days or less and removes all possibility of dangerous 
complications. If the circumstances do not permit fasting an elimination diet may be used as second choice and will produce 
good results. 

SYPHILIS 

Syphilis is a mythological disease which was created by medical science through centuries of painstaking effort. Its origin dates 
back to the latter part of the fifteenth century. Most authorities claim that Columbus and his fellow sailors caught it from the 
Indians. Then when they returned to Europe, they are said to have spread the disease among the members of that continent 
until it reached epidemic proportions. As the years rolled by new and more horrible stories were spread about syphilis. 
Eventually syphilis became a veritable nightmare, developing later into something like a mad man's dream with resulting 
hysterical mania, turning both doctors and their patients into Syphilimaniacs. 

Medical works name local ulcers, swollen lymph glands, fever blisters, cold sores, tonsillitis, skin rash, fever, headaches, 
indigestion, loss of hair, partial or complete blindness, heart disease, locomotor ataxia, tumors, vague constitutional pains, 
rheumatism, enlarged liver, abdominal rheumatism, abdominal dropsy, apoplexy, Bright's disease and leukoplakia as the most 
common symptoms of syphilis, though others may also be present. In fact, the symptoms of syphilis are really the symptoms of 
every known disease. Sir William Osier called syphilis "the great imitator" because of its ability to imitate practically all 
diseases. Indeed, syphilis is a pathological mocking bird. Virtually all-pathological symptoms have at one time or another been 



ascribed to it. It has no specific symptoms which belong to it alone. Thus it cannot be defined or diagnosed on the basis of any 
symptoms which may happen to be present. In this sense it differs from all known disease; it is in a class by itself. 

Tiny corkscrew bacteria known as spirochetes are referred to as the cause of syphilis. However, as Dr. Becker remarks in his 
Ten Million Americans have it, "It is not always possible to find spirochetes, even in lesions that are proved to be syphilitic. 
Failure to find the germs on a dark field examination does not necessarily mean that the lesion is not Syphilitic." Syphilis then 
cannot be diagnosed on the basis of spirochete invasion. These bacteria may or may not be present. They cannot be a specific 
cause of syphilis. 

In 1906 August von Wassermann and colleagues, Bruck and Neisser, announced to the medical world that they had 
discovered an accurate method of diagnosing syphilis. This method was known as the Wassermann blood test. It was 
supposed to reveal the blood changes which were assumed to follow "syphilitic infection." At first there was a good deal of 
enthusiasm over the Wasserman test, but now it is openly admitted that a positive reaction does not necessarily mean that a 
person has syphilis; nor is a negative reaction sufficient proof in itself that one is not syphilitic. A positive reaction to the 
Wassermann test is said to mean syphilis only if other evidence of syphilis are present. These other evidences include the 
presence of spirochetes as revealed in a dark field examination, a history of syphilis in the family, and the presence of 
abnormally large numbers of white blood cells in the spinal fluid. These evidences likewise denote syphilis only if each of the 
other evidences is present. Thus by putting together a group of uncertainties we are expected to arrive at a certainty. This is an 
impossibility in the field of science. A group of uncertainties simply creates more uncertainty, there is obviously no accurate 
method of diagnosing syphilis. No one can be sure he has syphilis and no one can be sure he hasn't. In fact, as a disease, 
syphilis cannot be defined. There are no specific symptoms which belong to it and no methods of diagnosis which indicate its 
presence. All is guesswork. Syphilis can only be called a fantasy; a product of the imagination. 

Medical efforts to cure syphilis are directed at the destruction of spirochetes and towards changing the blood reaction to 
negative. A variety of drugs are used, including bismuth, inorganic potassium, inorganic iodine, inorganic arsenic compounds 
(chief in which is arsphenamine), mercury and penicillin. The most common toxic effects of bismuth are mental disease, skin 
diseases, ear diseases, glandular atrophy, indigestion, nervousness and inflamed membranes; those of mercury are irritation 
and degeneration of the kidneys; those of arsphenamine are severe skin inflammation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heart 
disease, difficult breathing, malignant growth, degeneration of the liver, atrophy of the optic nerve, jaundice, paralysis, insanity 
and inflammation of the kidneys. The toxic effects of penicillin will no doubt become better known as the drug comes into 
general use. Many of the symptoms of so-called "late" syphilis are nothing more than the toxic effects of the drugs used to treat 
syphilis in its early stages. The effects of these drugs will be felt on a national scale when the medical attempts to make tests 
and treatments for syphilis compulsory succeed. With compulsory treatment will come mass murder. Millions will lose their 
health and thousands will die either as direct or indirect result of drug poisoning. 

There is no hygienic treatment of syphilis. Treating conditions which cannot be defined or diagnosed as diseases belongs to 
the world of the occult only. Blood tests should be forgotten; no one need worry if his blood serum gives a positive reaction and 
no effort need be made to kill spirochetes. The symptoms which may be associated with syphilitic diagnosis should, of course, 
be treated hygienically, as they would if syphilis did not exist. Build health and permit the body to eliminate disease symptoms, 
if any exist by giving it the best hygienic care. That is as far as anyone who has been diagnosed as syphilitic need go. Don't let 
a positive Wasserman test turn your life into a nightmare. Remember that syphilis is a figment of the mind which has no real 
existence. It is a clever fabrication which has deluded even its fabricators. It belongs to the category of the fairy, the devil and 
the werewolf. 

OTHER DISEASES 

We have reviewed here just a few of the more common diseases. But what applies to them also applies to a great extent to all 
others. Remember this: disease is simply an effort of the body to right itself. It comes as a friend, not as an enemy. If it is not 
attacked and suppressed by drugs and other medical agents it will be in the best position to complete its work of renovation 
and to restore health. So don't try to suppress disease. Permit it to run its full course with no interference whatsoever from toxic 
drugs orthesurgeon's knife. 

You must not forget that food can also act as an interference when disease exists. In all acute ailments, regardless of the forms 
they take, fasting is the first requirement and should continue until all symptoms subside, unless an early arrival of the 
starvation period does not permit this. The danger of death from all acute infections including chickenpox, smallpox, typhoid 
fever, diphtheria, erysipelas, gonorrhea, influenza, malaria, Malta fever, mumps, scarlet fever, measles, pneumonia, whooping 
cough and meningitis is reduced to a minimum when no drugs or foods are given throughout the course of illness. No hygienist 
ever expects to lose a single patient from acute disease if no drugs have previously been given and if the disease has not yet 
evolved to the point where the patient hovers between life and death. But even under these conditions fasting will do more than 
anything else to restore normal function and preserve life. There are no known incurable diseases; there are only incurable 
patients. Any disease can reach the stage where no form of treatment can preserve life, but these same diseases can always 
be helped if the hygienic plan of care is instituted before degeneration, tissue destruction and functional weakness have gone 
too far. Fortunately, most forms of pathological evolution can be checked in all but the most advanced stages. Irreparable 



damage seldom occurs during the beginning and middle course of an illness. Few indeed are the patients who are beyond all 
hope of help. Unless your body is in the last stages of degeneration you can restore your health sufficiently to lead a happy, 
useful life free from physical distress. 

Salubrious Living - 15 ^^^^^^^ == 

Some Common Ailments: Instructions for Removing Specific Types of Disease | Next | Back | 
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Salubrious Living - 16 

Why Lose Your Teeth? : A Scientific Plan of Dental Care Which Gives You Teeth 
Which Are Free From All Decay 

Tooth decay is the most prevalent of the degenerative diseases. It has been estimated that nearly all civilized peoples who live 
to an advanced age suffer from some tooth decay at one time or another. The person with perfect teeth is so rare that he is 
looked upon with curiosity by doctors and dentists, and is often given newspaper publicity. Even among children tooth decay is 
common. In many schools as high as 90 per cent of the children in the first grade show evidence of dental decay, usually in 
several forms. 

The profession of dentistry should be doing something about this state, of affairs. But as far as their work in preventing tooth 
decay is concerned, we might as well not have dentists. The dentist is quite apt at filling cavities but that is about as far as he 
goes. When it comes to warding off the decay in the first place he does just about nothing. There is no such thing as a science 
of preventive dentistry in our colleges and universities. The students are taught how to fix up bad teeth but no one seems to 
have thought of teaching them how to prevent bad teeth. Apparently the idea is too visionary to be given any practical 
consideration. 

DENTAL FALLACIES 

Orthodox nutritional scientists know a little more about teeth than do the dentists, but even they are at a loss to give us any 
really practical information. They tell us that teeth decay because of the acids generated by the fermentation of carbohydrate 
foods in the mouth. As proof, they say, look to the Eskimo; he has perfect teeth and uses virtually no high carbohydrate foods. 
Of course there are primitive races, such as those of the South Sea Islands, who live largely upon fruits and vegetables which 
are very rich in carbohydrates. And the teeth of these races are fully as good as those of the Eskimo. In fact, they are better in 
the sense that they are generally of a pearly-white color (except when the betel nut is chewed). As much cannot be said for the 
teeth of the Eskimo. But most nutritional scientists are apparently unaware of the condition of the South Sea Islander's teeth. 
Likewise, they appear to be unaware of the good condition of the teeth of other primitive races which live primarily upon high 
carbohydrate foods. Even McCollum and Becker of John Hopkins University have spoken favorably of the theory that 
carbohydrate foods cause tooth decay. They claim that "It is the carbohydrate eating people which suffer decay," and remark 
further that, "All investigators agree that acids arising from fermentation of carbohydrates are the primary causes of dental 
crisis." But their conclusions do not stand when all evidence on the subject is considered. 

Another fallacy which is commonly held regarding the teeth is that "a clean tooth never decays." The cleanliness of teeth has 
little or nothing to do with tooth decay. Ideas to the contrary probably originated with those who manufacture toothpaste and 
tooth brushes. The teeth of some (but by no means all) primitives are, to put it mildly, filthy. But they do not decay. Clean teeth 
are a fine thing from an aesthetic standpoint. No one likes the appearance of dirty, stained teeth. But to claim that cleanliness is 
a preventive of tooth decay is a mistake. 

Dr. Martha R. Jones, after receiving her degree at the University of California, conducted numerous experiments at a health 
center on a plantation near Honolulu, Hawaii. In these experiments the Hawaiian natives then using refined foods were 
returned to a diet composed of their native foods. Following this change the condition of their teeth improved markedly. Dr. 
Jones's explanation was that, all other factors being equal, a high alkaline diet is more conducive to the development of perfect 
teeth that is a diet which contains large quantities of acid elements, this no doubt is true. The superiority of a high alkaline diet 
has been demonstrated again and again. However, in the case of this single disease-tooth decay-it should not be thought that 
a high alkaline diet is always essential as a preventive. The primitive Eskimos use chiefly those foods which provide an acid 
reaction, but they also possess excellent teeth. Also, it is to be noted that the isolated Swiss have good teeth and that their diet 
is composed largely of whole grains, most of the minerals of which give an acid reaction. If no refined foods are used good 
teeth are likely to result even though many foods with an acid reaction are eaten. 

There is no doubt but what most civilized races which use high-carbohydrate foods yielding the acid-ash elements have bad 
teeth. But this means neither that carbohydrate foods are bad nor that foods which yield an acid-ash are bad (if eaten 
moderately). It simply shows that refined carbohydrate foods which lack vitamins and minerals are incapable of preventing 
tooth decay. Refined foods, whether they have a high carbohydrate content or not, are objectionable. On the other hand natural 
foods such as dates and dried figs may contain as high as 70 per cent carbohydrate and at the same time encourage an 
excellent state of physical development, including perfect teeth. Of course any diet can be too rich in carbohydrates, but there 
is little danger that any individual who consumes a wide variety of natural foods will suffer from carbohydrate excess. 

FLOURINE AND THE TEETH 

It is often held that we should use drinking water which contains considerable fluorine because this mineral is necessary in 
building healthy teeth. It has been noted that in more than a hundred localities of the United States where the fluorine content 



of water is from two to twelve parts per million, the people have less decay than average. But, as was shown in Chapter 6, the 
children in these districts also have mottled, stained and pitted teeth because of the fluorine. The fluorine content of water must 
be two parts per million or less if the staining of teeth is to be prevented. When present in such small amounts, the teeth seem 
to decay a little less readily, although the difference is not great enough to be of much concern. All facts considered, the 
addition of fluorine to drinking water offers no worthy solution to our tooth problems. If more fluorine is desired it should be 
obtained from natural foods. In this form it is found in an organic combination with other elements and does not have the 
disadvantages of the inorganic fluorine of water. Raw plant foods can be relied upon for all the fluorine we need. The 
remineralization of soils through improved methods of fertilization would allow the production of foods even richer in this 
element. 

It had been quite conclusively shown in repeated experiments that diets which lack vitamins A and D and calcium and 
phosphorus are likely to prevent the development of good teeth. This has led many to recommend the use offish liver oils 
which are rich in vitamins A and D, together with organic calcium and phosphorus as dietary supplements. Such advice may be 
well intended but it has led to well-nigh disastrous results. Scientists in Great Britain have found that fish liver oils, when used 
to any great extent, cause degeneration of the heart tissue. Weston A. Price has had similar experiences in America in his 
experiments with animals. It is quite possible that heart disease has becomes so common in recent years partly because of the 
use of cod liver oil and other fish liver oils. A well-balanced diet of natural foods, together with the use of sunbathing (which 
supplies vitamin D), should supply all of the vitamins and minerals which the body requires for good teeth. Neither fish liver oils 
nor calcium and phosphorus supplements are necessary. 

USE CITRUS FRUIT JUICE 

Dr. Milton T. Hanke, of the University of Chicago, is one of few who have conducted extensive experiments to find means of 
preventing tooth decay. He was given facilities at Moosehart, III., for supervising the diet of hundreds of the school children of 
that city. By simply adding to their menu one pint of orange juice and the juice of half a lemon per day he was able to lower the 
incidence of tooth decay among them by 50 per cent. In addition, the incidence of gingivitis (this is an ailment evidenced by 
bleeding, receding and inflamed gums) was greatly lowered. The latter experience is quite important when we consider that 
gingivitis is the forerunner of pyorrhea, and that, according to dentists, more teeth are lost from pyorrhea than from any other 
single cause. It is generally believed that the citrus fruit juices are effective in preventing tooth and gum trouble because of their 
high vitamin C content. But it does not necessarily follow that orange or lemon juice is essential in order to have good teeth. 
Perhaps other juicy fruits, rich in vitamin C, would provide equally good results. The experiments of Hanke have shown how 
important diet is as a preventive of dental troubles. They also indicated that, whereas citrus fruit juices are not essential, they 
could be added to the average diet with good results. 

CLEANING THE TEETH 

Many will notice, after adopting a diet of natural foods, that their teeth no longer need brushing. The soft, pasty diet of 
civilization is no doubt conducive to creating unclean teeth. The Polynesian races of the South Sea Islands have pearly-white 
teeth as long as they remain on their native diet and do not chew the betel nut. Yet, they never brush them. Most wild animals 
also have perfectly clean teeth. Raw foods, especially raw fruits and vegetables, help to keep the teeth clean. They should be 
used liberally in the diet if clean teeth are desired. Of course we cannot expect everyone who eats the proper food to have 
perfectly white teeth. The teeth of some people require brushing no matter what foods they eat. In these cases the teeth may 
be cleaned with a soft cloth or they may be brushed with a soft brush. Stiff brushes should not be used because they irritate the 
gums and encourage gingivitis. Plain water is the safest cleansing agent to use, although some may find that a dentifrice is 
required. In such cases a dentifrice which does not contain poisonous nor irritating agents should be used. 

Although tooth cavities can easily be prevented they do not necessarily fill themselves upon adoption of a proper diet. They do, 
however, become inactive; that is, decay is arrested when nutrition is improved. Dr. Hanke noticed this in his dental 
experiments, as did Dr. Price in his examinations of primitive people who returned to their native diets after temporarily using 
modernized foods. 

It should be apparent to any observer who is aware of the experiences of primitive races that there are no dental problems 
which we have not created ourselves. Nature is constantly striving to produce well-formed dental arches, as well as perfect 
teeth which do not decay. It is only when we interfere with Nature's plan by removing the vital elements from our foodstuffs that 
we meet with trouble. Under such conditions our teeth literally starve to death. With better nutrition they should last and serve 
us as long as we live. 



Salubrious Living - 16 



Why Lose Your Teeth? : A Scientific Plan of Dental Care Which Gives You Teeth 
Which Are Free From All Decay 



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Salubrious Living - 17 



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Better Vision Without Glasses: The Newest Methods of Building Perfect Eyesight 
Without the Use of Artificial Contrivances 

We all want good eyesight eyes that see clearly, that are bright and denote vitality. We do not want to suffer from eyestrain, 
nor do we enjoy wearing unattractive and bothersome glasses. Oculists and optometrists have been unable to give us healthy 
eyes. In spite of the increasing numbers of eye doctors who have entered public service in recent years our eyesight is 
becoming worse and worse. But this condition is not without solution. Thanks to the work of Dr. William H. Bates, of the New 
York Eye and Ear Infirmary, as well as other broadminded doctors and scientists, we now have a system of eye care which is 
marvelously effective, one which is able to give you excellent eyesight without the use of glasses. 

Hygienists were the first to grasp the importance of the discoveries of Dr. Bates. They quickly employed the techniques he 
recommended, and with good results. Patient after patient has discarded his glasses after using the Bates system of the eye 
training for a few weeks to a few months. But the oculist and optometrist, those who should be most interested have shown 
practically no interest in Dr. Bates discoveries. They continue recommending and fitting eyeglasses to their patients in spite of 
the overwhelming evidence that these are unnecessary if the more natural hygienic measures are employed. 

HOW FOOD AFFECTS OUR EYES 

Now let us consider the eyes from the standpoint of the newer knowledge of hygiene and the latest discoveries of Dr. Bates. 
First the matter of nutrition and its relation to eyesight will take our attention. Prior to World War I it was not known that food 
had any important effect upon the eyes. But when the armies who invaded Belgium took most of the dairy stock, and fresh 
fruits and vegetables became very scarce many of the Belgians developed hemeralopia, better known as night blindness. 
Many things were tried to overcome this ailment, but all to no avail. Then came the summer and a new supply of fruits and 
vegetables, together with more dairy products, and the night blindness soon disappeared. At first this was quite a mystery but 
now it can easily be explained. The fruits, vegetables and dairy products are good sources of vitamin A. In recent years it has 
been shown repeatedly in experimental tests that night blindness frequently occurs when vitamin A is lacking in the diet. Of 
course this vitamin is no cure-all for every eye disease and its lack is not the cause of all eye troubles. Nevertheless, it is of 
greater importance than any other single element in determining eye health. If you want good eyesight you should refrain from 
eating those foods which have lost their vitamin A through modern methods of food preparation. Use plenty of green and yellow 
vegetables, which are among the finest sources of Vitamin A. 

The importance of vitamin A has frequently caused nutritionists to overlook the effect of other elements upon the eyes. In 
reality, the eyes are helped by an abundant supply of all the vitamins and minerals. Deficiencies of calcium, potassium and 
sodium, in addition to vitamin A, have often produced blindness in animals. Then these elements are added to the diet, and the 
animals regain their vision. Nursing calves become blind if their mother's diet lacks certain essential vitamins and minerals. In 
nutritional deficiency diseases such as pellagra we also find that the retina of the eye is inflamed. Dr. Sydenstricker, of the 
University of Mississippi Medical School, has shown a deficiency of riboflavin in the diet frequently causes dim vision and 
bloodshot eyes. In addition, it is reported that a lack of riboflavin frequently causes cataract in animals, and it may do the same 
in man. The eyes of experimental animals also become diseased when vitamin C, vitamin D, paraminobenizoic acid, inosital 
and certain amino acids are lacking in the diet. These facts should speak for themselves and show you the importance of using 
foods which have not lost most of their vital elements. You should use only raw foods in your diet, foods which still have the 
elements the eyes need. Remember that vitamin A is easily lost in the cooking process, that much vitamin C is lost when milk 
is pasteurized, and that refined grains have lost most or all of their original content of riboflavin. Use natural plant foods if you 
want good eyesight. 

SUNSHINE IS GOOD FOR YOUR EYES 

The second great need of the eyes is plenty of sunshine. Fish which live in dark caves, into which no sunlight enters are blind. 
Their eyes atrophy and in many cases disappear. Light, especially sunlight, will strengthen the eyes. If you have dark 
sunglasses, discard them, for they do you more harm than good. Then go outside and let the sun shine on your closed eyelids. 
Start doing this very gradually; a few minutes or less the first day is enough. Eventually you will be able to let the sun shine on 
your lids over longer periods of time. Blinking into the sun is also good for the eyes but it should not be overdone. In the 
beginning stages this blinking should be done in the late afternoon or early morning when the sun's rays are not so strong. If 
you follow these instructions and give your eyes sunbaths you will soon note that your eyesight is improving and that your eyes 
are less sensitive to strong lights. 

RELAXING THE EYES 

The finest known method of relaxing tired, strained eyes is to palm them. Place the cups of your hands over both eyes so as to 
exclude all light. Then completely relax and try to see nothing except black. At first you may see gray or flashes of other colors. 



But just keep trying until you see black, black and only black. Try to imagine a black box or some other black object if that will 
help when they are tired. When cataracts exist palming is especially valuable. 

Another method of relaxing tired, strained eyes is to blink often. Whenever you notice the slightest eyestrain blink your eyes 
about 20 times. Children blink more often than adults do, and this is one factor which accounts for their better eyesight. If you 
have a serious eye defect you should blink much more often than otherwise. It is especially important to blink frequently while 
reading. Don't blink so often that it interferes with your reading but simply stop occasionally and blink gently a dozen times or 
more. 

EYE EXERCISES 

The use of eye exercises forms the basis of all modern hygienic systems of the eye training. The eyes need exercise just as do 
the other parts of the body. When this is lacking the muscles and tissues attached .to the eyeball become strained and rigid. 
They are no longer capable of giving efficient service. Then, when a program of eye exercises is employed, the muscles regain 
their flexibility, suppleness and coordination. There is an increased flow of blood to the eyes, bringing greater amounts of 
nutritive material. The tissues gain better tone and strength, and recovery is facilitated. The following exercises should be 
employed by all who have weak eyes. Blink several times between the movements. Blinking will enable you to do more 
exercise and will keep your eyes from getting sore, especially where you are doing the exercises for the first time. 

1 . With your middle finger very gently massage the closed eyes in a rotary motion. 

2. Alternately close the eyes very tightly and open them as wide as possible. Do this at least 20 times per day. When you 
squeeze your eyes shut, the tissues around them are exercised, and this does much to prevent the formation of unattractive 
lines in the surrounding skin. The muscles attached to the eyeball are also exercised, and the tear glands, which supply an 
alkaline secretion which keeps the eyes bright and clean, are stimulated. 

3. Look upward and then downward as far as you can. Alternate the movement. Do not move the head in doing this exercise; 
move only the eyeballs. 

4. Look to the right and then to the left as far as possible. 

5. Look up and to the right, then down and left. Reverse the movement and look up and to the left and down and to the right. 

6. Roll the eyes around in a circular motion. Look to the right, down, to the left, upward and then to the right again. Repeat at 
least 10 times and reverse the direction of the movement. 

7. Hold a pencil or similar object about 1 or 1 1 inches from your eyes. First look at the end of the pencil for a few seconds; 
then look at some object in the distance. Do this alternately at least a dozen times. 

8. Hold some object about 14 inches from your eyes. Then move it in every possible manner- up, down, to the right, to the left, 
obliquely and in a circular path. Keep your eyes on the moving object all the time but do not move your head. This calls into 
action all of the six important eye muscles 

GENERAL EYE CARE 

Most of the things which optometrists tell us harm the eyes, are really good for them. Reading fine print, reading in a dim light, 
reading in a moving automobile or streetcar, reading while lying down- all of these have been claimed to weaken the eyes. 
However, in reality, they do not hurt the eyes at all. You can read all the fine print you wish and it will actually improve your 
eyesight. You can't gain strong eyes by pampering them. The eyes were made for use and the more they are used, within 
certain limits, the stronger they will be. 

Now we come to the question of glasses. One of the first things most students of eye gymnastics ask is: "Will I be able to 
discard my glasses?" In most cases the glasses can be discarded; the only exceptions are those individuals whose eyes 
possess mechanical deformities such as flattened lens. Simple eye ailments such as nearsightedness and farsightedness 
quickly respond to eye gymnastics. It should be remembered that eyeglasses in themselves never remedy eye troubles. They 
are simply crutches, and the more they are used the weaker the eyes become. As the eyes weaken the glasses must be 
changed. The new glasses have stronger lenses and the eyes are correspondingly weakened still further. If the patient lives 
long enough for this process to be carried to its logical conclusion, blindness is often expected. So if you wear glasses and do 
not suffer from a mechanical eye defect the first thing to do is to discard them. The longer you wear them the more difficult it 
will eventually be to bring your eyes back to a normal, healthy condition. 

After discarding your glasses begin an eye-training program which includes attention to every hygienic measure that has been 
proven helpful to the eye. First go on a fast in order to improve the general condition of your body and hence give your eyes a 
better chance to become healthy. The length of this fast should depend on the condition your eyes are in while being treated. If 



you have cataracts it will be necessary to undertake a long fast. Other eye troubles do not often call for long fasts. After the fast 
pay the greatest attention to your diet. Remember to use only uncooked foods which are rich in vitamins and minerals. Give 
your eyes daily sunbaths, palm them at periodic intervals, blink them as often as you can, and use all of the different eye 
exercises everyday. By doing this you should notice a distinct improvement in your eyesight within a few weeks to a few 
months. During the fast there may be some improvement, and as you get well along in your eye gymnastics you will notice that 
your eyes are stronger than ever. Don't expect miracles. There won't be any. The possession of perfect eyesight does not 
come overnight. But in the end, if you pursue your work every day, you should gain a set of normal, healthy eyes which require 
no artificial contrivances of any kind to enable you to see easily and clearly. 

Salubrious Living - 17 ^__^__^__ 

Better Vision Without Glasses: The Newest Methods of Building Perfect Eyesight I Next I Back I Home " 
Without the Use of Artificial Contrivances 



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Salubrious Living - 18 

Building Strong Feet: The Hygienic Methods of Preserving Foot Health and 
Correcting Weaknesses of the Feet. 

In America seven out often people suffer from foot ailments. These include fallen arches, clubfeet, aching feet, bunions, corns, 
ingrown toenails, burning and itching feet, athlete's foot, blisters and over-lapping toes. Rare indeed is the person who enters 
an advanced age with strong feet. In nearly every case he has suffered from some sort of foot ailment during most of his life. It 
is the youngsters who have good feet, and this is true only because years of abuse have not yet ruined them. 

We do not find this state of affairs among most primitive people. The South Sea Islanders give us a good example of a primitive 
group which has preserved perfect feet for centuries. These people never have weak feet, they do not suffer from corns and 
bunions, they do not have broken arches, they do not have foot deformities, and they do not suffer from burning and itching 
feet. They know what real foot health is. The South Sea Islanders will run, walk and dance for hours. He runs and walks over 
the roughest territory with no shoes on, but the soles of his feet are so tough that they act as a cushion, keeping the rocks, 
small stones, branches, twigs, etc. from bothering him. To his dying day his feet give him efficient service. 

These facts need not puzzle us. Foot ailments are not confined to civilized races without reason. Quite obviously, there is 
something in our mode of living which has a great tendency to destroy foot health. We apparently engage in certain practices 
which are not in the best interests of the feet. It should be our purpose to find these practices and remove them. 

MODERN SHOES AND THE FEET 

The chief practice of civilized races which tends to impair the health and strength of the feet is that of wearing shoes. Let us 
see how this is so. The foot is composed of 26 bones, all of which are normally in their proper positions and nicely adjusted to 
perform their required functions. They remain in their proper positions and perform these functions when the foot is not placed 
in a modern shoe. Barefoot walking permits the proper distribution of the body weight from the heel to the ball of the foot, and 
allows the bones and muscles of the foot to have complete freedom of action. As a result the foot does not become deformed; 
it does not become weak; nor does it ache and give pain. 

When the modern shoe is worn the foot does not fare so well. It is forcibly molded out of line. The normally straight inner line of 
the feet is pushed inward at the front of the foot. The toes are often squeezed together until they over-lap. The bones are 
pushed out of their normal positions, and both the bones and muscles of the foot are generally restrained in their freedom of 
action. All of these misplacements, limitations and strains weaken the foot. They make it susceptible to all sorts of ailments. 

The biggest objection to the modern shoe is the high heel. Someone once stated that this heel had been invented by a woman 
who had been kissed on the forehead. We may doubt the validity of the story but it must be acknowledged that the best 
interests of the foot were not in mind when the high-heeled shoe was fashioned. The modern shoe, even without the heels, 
limits the action of the muscles and bones of the foot. With a heel this condition is made much worse. The whole foot is thrown 
off balance and the body weight is placed on parts of the foot which were not designed to carry it. The general structure of the 
modern shoe, together with the heel (especially the high heel), creates the greatest percentage of existing foot troubles. 

The modern shoe has properly been termed a "sweat box". The shoes which are most deserving of this title are those which 
reach up around the ankle, water-proofed shoes, patent-leather shoes, and shoes made largely of rubber and rubberized 
material. All of these prevent the absorption and evaporation of perspiration. The offensive odor of the canvas shoe with rubber 
insoles, which are often worn by athletes, is due to the collection of perspiration in the shoe. Normally it would evaporate but 
the rubber insole and tight covering of the shoe around the foot prevents this. The disease called the athletes foot has been so 
named because athletes were the first to be afflicted with it to a great extent. The fact that they wear rubberized canvas shoes 
more than anyone else is largely responsible for their high susceptibility to this disease. 

It should be apparent from all of these facts that civilized man has created his foot ailments. He has done this by placing his 
feet in shoes which continually prevent all of the bones and muscles from functioning as they should. On the other hand, the 
primitive remains free from foot ailments because he wears no shoes. He goes barefooted throughout his life and at the same 
time receives maximum service from his feet. 

The feet will always remain in the best condition if no footwear of any kind is worn. For optimum foot health you should go 
barefooted at every opportunity. Go to the beach where you can indulge in walking barefooted without breaking social customs. 
Or, if you have the courage to break such customs, go barefooted throughout much of the day while attending to your regular 
duties. If you don't mind what your next-door neighbors think go out in you backyard and walk about the ground for at least 20 
minutes each day. When you are in your own home you have a golden opportunity to go barefooted. Remember this: the more 
barefooted walking you do, the better and stronger your feet will be. Barefoot walking and running are two of the finest 
exercises. They give the bones and muscles of the feet the action they need, and will do much to counteract the bad effect of 
wearing modern shoes when your social activities demand such. 



THE FINEST FOOTWEAR 

Though all shoes are undesirable from the standpoint of foot health, some are less so than others. If you spend much of your 
time in the public eye where barefoot walking would be pointed to as an absurdity, buy a pair of sandals or moccasins for your 
feet. It would also be a good idea to do this if you work under conditions which call for protection of the feet. Many kinds of 
work, especially those of modern industries, call for such protection. Except in rare cases sandals and moccasins will afford the 
feet all of the protection they need. The graceful Grecian sandals are ideal and do not greatly interfere with the movements of 
the bones of the feet. When you get these sandals remember to get them with the lowest possible heel. The best moccasins to 
buy are the old fashioned Indian moccasins. These do not have any heel at all and are made of a sole that has the same 
flexibility as the upper part of the shoe. Another moccasin which might be mentioned is that which is now commonly worn by 
teen-agers. It is much heavier than the Indian moccasin, has a low heel, and is made with a less flexible sole. It is inferior to the 
Indian moccasin but it is much better than an ordinary shoe. It should appeal to you if you do not want to depart too far from the 
established social customs. In buying shoes remember that the more freedom of foot movement they allow, the better they are. 

EXERCISE YOUR FEET 

If your feet are not up to par you should use special exercises to strengthen them. These are not required by the person who 
has perfect feet and does not wear modern shoes. But most of us do wear modern shoes at one time or another and need 
some special exercises to counteract their effects. Simply barefoot walking and running will do this to a great extent, but for the 
strongest feet we need even more than that. We need exercises which call into play the greatest number of foot muscles and 
give these plenty of quick, concentrated activity. In practically every case of foot weakness the feet are starved for lack of 
exercise. When they are given a certain amount of concentrated activity each day they often regain their normal strength and 
no longer produce discomfort. The following foot exercises may be taken in your own room with little or no inconvenience. 

1 . Stand on a rolling pin, supporting yourself with the arch, for a few moments. Then do the same with the other foot and 
continue alternating back and forth from foot to foot. 

2. Using a wooden block or a book which is from two to four inches high, stand on it so that the forward parts of the feet extend 
over the edge. The forward part of the block should reach just to the forward part of the ankle. In this position, lower and raise 
the toes. Make a special effort to carry each toe as far down and as far up as you can. In some of the exercises move the small 
toes down lower and up higher than the big toe. This will call into play more of the foot muscles. 

3. Keeping the feet in the same position on the block as in exercise 2, rotate the forward part of the feet. Alternate the direction 
of the circular movement quite often. This will do much to strengthen the feet and is especially good for weak arches. 

4. Stand on the block so that the edge is slightly forward of the center of the arches with the anterior portion of the feet 
extending over the edge. Rise up on the toes, then lower the heels as far as possible. Besides being good for the foot muscles 
this exercise strengthens the calf muscles which in turn exert some influence over the feet. 

5. Walk on your toes for a few minutes. First walk forward for a while, then walk backward. In doing this exercise it is also well 
to point the toes in and the heels out for several movements. Then do the opposite and point the toes out and bring the heels 
together. 

6. Walk on the outer margins, then on the inner margins of the feet. 

7. Walk on the heels. 

8. Pick up marbles or a handkerchief with the toes. 

9. Sitting on a chair or on the edge of a bed, extend your legs in front of you in a horizontal position. Bend the toes downward 
as far as possible toward the soles of the feet. Then raise the toes as high as you can toward the instep. In doing these 
movements be sure to let the toes spread as much as you can. This will do much to strengthen the Metatarsal arch. 

10. While in the sitting position with the legs extended, bend each foot inward and then outward as far as possible. 

1 1 . While standing on one leg extend the other at a 45 or 90 angle. Stretch me leg, foot and toes as much as you can. Then 
do the same with the other leg. 

12. Assume the sitting position; place the feet on the floor with the heels close together. Extend the forward parts of the feet 
outward and raise them above the floor. Then place your hands on the inner side of the balls of the feet and push outward as 
hard as possible. At the same time, press inward with the balls of the feet against the resistance of the hands. 

13. While in the position described in the preceding exercises, place your hands against the outer sides of the balls of the feet 



and press inward. At the same time, press outward with the forward part of the feet against the pressure of the hands. 

14. While in the position assumed in exercises 12 and 13, place the inner edges of the feet together. Rotate first one foot and 
then the other as you resist the movement with the opposite foot. 

FOOT AILMENTS 

One of the most common forms of foot trouble is fallen arches (sometimes called flat feet). This condition occurs when the 
muscles and ligaments supporting the feet are weakened. The feet turn inward at the ankle and downward at the instep. As a 
result the victim goes through much discomfort. His heels and arches ache and burn; his feet hurt after walking just short 
distances; his ankles frequently become weak, and often his back, hips and thighs give him trouble. 

Fallen arches can usually be corrected, but not without the greatest possible use of all types of foot exercises. If your arches 
give you trouble, use the exercises every day without fail and have a chiropodist make a special arch support for your shoe or 
fasten about your feet special strips of adhesive tape which will support the arch. No ordinary arch support shoes can help you. 
Such shoes seldom support the arches at all and are not individually made for each foot. The flat foot requires individual 
treatment. It requires a support which is designed specifically for it alone. 

Corns and calluses of the feet result from wearing improper footwear. They form as a result of pressure and irritation and act as 
a protection against this. They may be removed by soaking the feet in very hot water at regular intervals and by discontinuing 
the use of modern types of dress and work shoes. To relieve the tender spot from pressure wear a padding around each corn. 
Make it from a small, round piece of buckskin with a hole cut in the middle so the pressure will fall on the flesh around the corn 
instead of directly on it. After you soak your feet try to remove the corn if it is loosened and softened sufficiently, and rub the 
calluses with a pumice stone. Do not continue soaking the feet after your corns and calluses have been removed and your feet 
restored to a healthy condition. The hot baths are necessary for temporary periods to permit removal of the corns and calluses, 
but if taken over a long period of time they will weaken the feet. 

Ingrowing toenails are the result of wearing shoes which press against the skin and flesh just next to the toenail. The edge of 
the toenail is pushed down into the flesh, producing much pain. The remedy calls for elimination of the standard modern 
footwear and the use of cotton padding between the skin and toenail. 

Burning and itching of the feet are usually caused by the use of footwear which does not permit the evaporation of perspiration. 
It is also occasionally caused by a general condition of impaired health which lowers resistance to skin diseases. The solution 
simply involves a general health-building program, together with the use of light footwear (preferably perforated) and frequent 
periods of going barefooted. The condition is quickly remedied if these measures are taken. 

Other painful foot ailments are enlarged joints and bunions. They are due to the use of footwear which causes too much 
pressure on some parts of the feet. The requirement for recovery is the use of shoes which allow the feet the greatest possible 
freedom of movement. Special attention should be given to the big toe to see that it is given plenty of room. Then, a device 
made of soft rubber should be worn to straighten the crooked toe. 

It can be seen that the real solution to practically all foot troubles lie in the adoption of certain simple hygienic practices. If you 
still have good feet, stop abusing them so that you will never have to search for solutions and remedies in the future. 
Prevention of foot troubles is the important thing. Give your feet the proper care so they will remain strong and healthy as long 
as you live. Take a lesson from the primitives and wear shoes as little as possible. When social customs call for some footwear 
use the kind which harm the feet the least. If you do this you will never be bothered with the multitude of foot ailments which 
afflict most civilized people. You will be in possession of feet which give you excellent service at all times, feet which never 
torment you with their aches and pains. 

Salubrious Living - 18 

Building Strong Feet: The Hygienic Methods of Preserving Foot Health and 
Correcting Weaknesses of the Feet. 



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Salubrious Living - 19 



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Keep Your Hair: Preventing Baldness Through the Use of Sunshine and Natural 
Foods 

Biologists, in looking to the world of the future, picture our descendents as people with completely bald heads and small, weak 
bodies. They do this on the assumption that we will continue our present course of degeneration. There can be little doubt but 
what the loss of hair is a chief sign of such degeneration, and that it is becoming more common year by year. If this trend is 
carried to its logical conclusion, our descendents may well be a race of bald-headed men, and perhaps bald-headed women 
also. These will not be our immediate descendents, but rather those living in a distant age. 

The fact that baldness is common only among civilized races who use devitalized foodstuffs should dismiss any ideas about 
the loss of hair being normal to healthy persons. Generally speaking, the best physical specimens are those who possess the 
most hair. This is true both of individuals and entire races. It does not necessarily follow that good health is a sure preventive of 
baldness but it is true that this is usually the case. In rare instances healthy individuals following a hygienic mode of living lose 
their hair. The reason for this is at present unknown. However, this does not alter the fundamental fact that good health and a 
good, heavy growth of hair are usually allied. 

SUNSHINE HELPS TO PREVENT BALDNESS 

Sunshine, both natural and artificial, is of proven value in treating scalp disorders which involve loss of hair. This was shown as 
early as the nineteenth century by Dr. Nagelschmidt of Berlin, Germany. This doctor used a quartz sun lamp in about 200 
cases of baldness. He reported that 129 of the cases were remedied, 79 were improved, and II were not helped at all. It is to be 
noted, however, that 43 of the patients withdrew after one treatment. Of those who underwent the full set of treatments 82.5 per 
cent were completely remedied. At first these statistics may appear a bit startling. However, Dr. Nagelschmidt is considered a 
reliable authority and published photographs of many of his patients before and after treatment to show that his method 
accomplished the desired results. 

Dr. Lorand, author of Old Age Deferred, also reports success in treating baldness with the quartz lamp, and he claims that 
natural sunshine is also effective. In his own case he noticed a new growth of hair after exposure of the scalp to the quartz 
lamp and natural sunshine. He further indicates that, judging from his observations at Rollier's sunbathing institute in 
Switzerland, even though the scalp is not exposed directly to the sun, if the rest of the body is exposed, hair growth is 
increased. The experiences of Dr. Nagelschmidt and Dr. Lorand are similar to those of other observers who have had 
experience in treating baldness with natural and artificial sunshine. 

The effects of sunshine upon hair growth should indicate the advisability of not wearing a hat during the summer months when 
the hair and scalp may be exposed to the rays of the sun. It is also well to refrain from wearing hats for another reason, this 
being that the tight band of the hat may partially prevent the circulation of the blood to the scalp. But the importance of not 
wearing hats should not be overestimated. Hats are not the primary cause of baldness. They are only a contributory cause. 

CUTTING AND WASHING THE HAIR 

It is quite possible that the length of the hair may influence the rate of its loss. It is a common opinion that short haircuts are a 
preventive of baldness and create a thicker growth of hair. Many have seemingly saved their hair by getting it cut very short, 
clipped or shaved off. However, there is as much evidence which indicates that it is best to let the hair grow long and allow it to 
remain long. Experiments have shown that long hair grows more rapidly than short hair, that is, after the short period of 
stimulated growth following the short haircut has passed. Likewise, it is true that women preserve their hair longer than do men, 
and it may be that this is partly due to the fact that they do not wear it so short. After all facts are considered, one can come to 
no conclusion as to the advisability of long or short hair. There is too much evidence on both sides. This is a question which 
future experiments must answer. 

There is also much debate as to how often the hair should be washed. Old men with a thick growth of hair often claim that they 
have kept their hair because they haven't washed it more than once in each decade. Then along come men with an equally 
heavy growth of hair who tell us that they have prevented baldness by washing their hair every day. No one really knows how 
often the hair should be washed. No one knows if washing the hair has anything to do with its rate of loss. However, from a 
strictly hygienic viewpoint, it is difficult to understand how cleanliness of the scalp and hair could cause baldness. If cleanliness 
does produce baldness, it is the only case in which the filth would be conducive to better health. In the absence of more 
complete information it would be the wisest policy to keep the hair scalp as clean as the other parts of the body, 

SCALP TREATMENTS 

Scalp authorities are now the vogue in America. They claim to have discovered the cause of baldness and insist that they can 
prevent and remedy it. Their preventives and remedies include hot applications, vigorous massage, the application of various 



salves and ointments, electrical treatments of various kinds, and occasionally the use of the quartz sun lamp. The hot 
applications and massages are designed to increase the flow of blood to the scalp- The salves are said to have special healing 
qualities, although it has never been made clear just what they are. The ointments are usually composed chiefly of alcohol and 
contain supposedly antiseptic solutions which destroy the un- discovered baldness germ (probably none exists). Perhaps the 
only measure of proven value used by the scalp specialists is the quartz lamp. And this is used so seldom and for such a short 
period of time, that it cannot help much. A method of preserving the hair has recently become popular in California as a result 
of some clever advertising. It consists of injecting some sort of fatty material underneath the scalp to replace that which has 
supposedly been lost. It is the loss of this material in the first place which is said to be the primary cause of baldness. As 
people often lose their hair without losing this layer of fat, its loss (if it even occurs) cannot be considered the primary cause of 
baldness. 

Considered as a whole, the various scalp treatments given by scalp specialists are not nearly as effective as they are claimed 
to be. In rare cases they are of value; in most cases they are neither helpful nor harmful, and in a few instances they may 
actually speed the loss of hair. Then too scalp treatments can hardly be called a wise financial investment, for the only effective 
portion of these treatment can be performed very easily in one's own home at little or no inconvenience. These include the sun 
treatments and possibly the kneading of the scalp. Pulling the hair and applications of hot towels may also be of some value. 

Baldness will no doubt become quite rare when people replace the refined, devitalized foods of civilization with natural, 
uncooked foods, and when they cease hiding their hair and scalp from the rays of the sun. At that time men may well preserve 
their hair to the extent that women do now. And scalp specialists and scalp treatments will gradually fall into disfavor. Most hair 
difficulties will end, and with them will end the unpleasant visions of the biologists who foresee a future of bald-headed men 
and women. 



Salubrious Living - 19 



Keep Your Hair: Preventing Baldness Through the Use of Sunshine and Natural 
Foods 



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Salubrious Living - 20 

The Needs of Infants and Growing Children: How to Give Youngsters a Start in 
Life that will Enable Them to Reach Maturity in a Condition of Optimum Health 

Throughout the entire wild kingdom, animals rear the young with a reasonable certainty that they will arrive at maturity without 
sickness of any kind. But civilized human beings do not fare nearly so well. They rear their young in manner which virtually 
assures their arrival at maturity in condition of disease and physical unfitness. Their form of infant care has induced an 
unusually high rate of infant mortality. Even at so late a period as the nineteenth century an average of one out of every two 
children in Europe died before reaching the age of five years Only one in every four managed to reach the age of twenty-five. 
Today things are a little better. Most of us do manage to reach maturity. However, the infant and child mortality rate, as well as 
the infant and child disease rate, is still much higher than it need be. It remains well above that of many primitive groups. 

Of course parents cannot be blamed for this state of affairs for they usually know almost nothing about the proper manner of 
caring for their children. Their advice comes chiefly from the advertisements of the radio, newspaper and magazine, and from 
doctors whose basic knowledge consists chiefly of superstitions which have been carried down the centuries of medical 
practice to the present day. The mother wants to care for her child properly. Only in rare cases does she willfully neglect it. But 
her lack of knowledge permits the child to become sick. As most of the advice and information she receives is founded upon 
medical philosophy and commercial advertising, her failure to rear healthy children is to be expected. The important thing, then, 
is education. Parents must be instructed how to care for their children properly. They must be given information which is based 
exclusively upon the knowledge of science. It will be well here to discuss the most important part of this information. 

INFANT CARE BEGINS BEFORE BIRTH 

The care of the infant begins before its birth, for the physical condition of both the father and mother before conception has 
much to do with the physical condition of the newborn child. If they are healthy the infant will more than likely be healthy. On 
the other hand, if they have lived for years upon refined, modernized foods and possess only average health, the infant will be 
born with at least one strike against it. If you desire a healthy child watch carefully your mode of living before conception and 
make sure that your mate does the same. 

After conception, during the pre-natal period, the mode of living of the mother is also very important. During this period the 
unborn infant is totally dependent upon the mother for its nourishment. If building materials are lacking they will be leeched 
from the mother's tissues, but even this abnormal supply is strictly limited. Good living habits of the mother insure good, healthy 
tissues of the infant. They do not insure the birth of a perfect child in every detail if the mode of living before conception was 
neglected, but neither can good preconception habits create a perfect child if the mother lives in an objectionable manner while 
pregnant. The pregnant mother should get plenty of sunshine, which is essential for the normal growth of the bone and tooth 
structure of the infant. She may indulge in mild exercise but should avoid strenuous exercises. Often the mother s normal 
working activities provide all the exercise she needs. In the advanced period of pregnancy all exercise should be used with 
caution. The pregnant mother should not fast unless acute disease exists, and even then the fast should be of short duration. 
The diet should be rich in vitamins and minerals. Refined foods, which have lost the greater portion of their vitamin-mineral 
content, should be avoided. The raw fruitarian diet is ideal during pregnancy just as it is at other times. 

If these instructions for pre-conception and pre-natal living are followed, the birth of the infant should take place with little or no 
pain or difficulty, and you should be able to resume your normal activities fairly soon afterward. During the first two or three 
days after birth there is no real secretion of milk, but instead the breasts offer a secretion called colostrum. This will serve the 
needs of the infant until a regular supply of milk arrives, as the newborn infant experiences very little hunger until nature 
provides the regular milk supply, and during this short period it is often satisfied with only water. If the baby shows no desire for 
the colostrum give it water until there is a regular supply of milk. 

NURSE YOUR BABY 

Contrary to popular opinion, breast-fed infants possess much better health than do others. They show a much lower death rate 
than do bottle-fed babies, and their resistance to infectious disease is also much higher. This was shown quite conclusively by 
the experience of the Infant Welfare Center of Chicago between the years 1924-29, during which time 20,061 infants were 
cared for. Of these 48.5 per cent were breast-fed, 43 per cent were partially breast fed, and 8.5 per cent were wholly artificially 
fed. The mortality rate of the partially breast-fed infants was nearly four times as high as that of the infants which were wholly 
breast-fed. The artificially fed infants made an even poorer record. Their mortality rate was fully fifty-six times greater than that 
of the breast-fed infants. Furthermore, only four of the 9,749 breast-fed infants died of respiratory infections, whereas eighty- 
two of the 1 ,707 artificially fed infants died from this cause. This is but one of many similar examples which could be offered. 
Cow's milk is obviously not as good a substitute for mother's milk as it is reputed to be. Its composition varies considerably from 
mother's milk and does not appear to meet all of the needs of the infant. If you are really interested in the health of your child 
you will nurse it regularly. Breast-feeding is the first essential of the hygienic care of infants. 



Whenever possible, the nursing period should last for at least 20 to 24 months. It takes this long for the baby's teeth to become 
developed sufficiently to chew solid foods, and until they are so developed a strictly liquid diet consisting chiefly of milk is called 
for. Two weeks after birth fruit and vegetables juices may be added to its diet. Use fresh, uncooked juices in preference to the 
canned juices and use them in as great a variety as possible. Don't confine them to just orange or tomato juice as most 
mothers do, but include grape, prune, melon, apple and berry juice and whatever others you can obtain. Use the vegetable 
juices in moderation and mix them together frequently to add to their palatability. Carrot juice is one of the best vegetable juices 
for infants, as it is an excellent source of vitamin A. Most infants like a mixture of carrot, spinach, celery and parsley juice, and 
this may be given to the baby quite frequently. However, always be careful to use such strong juices, as those of parsley and 
onions, in very small amounts. By nursing your baby and supplying it with the fruit and vegetable juices mentioned you will be 
giving it all the nutritious materials it requires. The baby fed upon mother's milk and fruit and vegetable juices receives the 
perfect diet which will produce the highest possible state of health. 

Many object that they cannot nurse their babies for 20 to 24 months. This is entirely unnatural they say. It may appear to be so, 
judging from the experiences of civilized women, but when we observe primitive and semi-primitive races we find that the long 
nursing period is very common. The Egyptian women frequently nurse their children from three to four years, and there are 
records available which indicate that this practice has been in existence for thousands of years. The early North American 
Indians nursed their babies for two or three years, and the Guiana Indians of South America employed a three to four year 
nursing period. Most of the Chinese mothers nurse their children for two to five years. Considering primitive races as a whole, 
we find that the three-year nursing period is most common. This is very difficult for civilized mothers to understand. If they are 
able to nurse their babies for six months they feel they are doing well. The secret lies in the diet employed by primitive mothers. 
Instead of using refined foods they use natural foods which contain an abundance of the vitamins and minerals needed by the 
nursing mother. If you want to nurse your child for the recommended length of time, you should use foods which are highly 
nutritious. Adhere to the raw fruitarian diet as closely as possible. In addition, make sure that the breasts are completely 
emptied at each nursing. If this is not done the supply of milk will diminish no matter what you eat. 

Do not hesitate to nurse your child after its teeth are developed if you wish. The 20 to 24 month period represents the absolute 
minimum time a baby should be nursed or given other milk. The ideal nursing period is probably longer than that and may well 
extend to three or lour years if the mother's milk supply lasts that long. 

Besides helping insure an adequate supply of milk, a good diet improves the quality of the milk. Such foods as coffee, tea, 
cocoa, white rice, salt and white bread tend to lower its value and render it deficient in many vitamins and minerals which the 
infant requires. In all animals the nutritious value of the milk corresponds to the nutritious value of the foods eaten by the 
nursing mother. It is likewise true that any toxic elements present in their food, and also many drugs, frequently find their way 
into the mother's milk. To insure a good supply of milk for your baby you must obey all of the rules of hygiene. It is especially 
important that you use the best food and abstain from all drugs and other materials which give a toxic reaction in the body. 

If, in spite of the correct application of all hygienic measures, you cannot supply your child with breast milk, or if your career or 
daily activities do not permit nursing, employ a wet nurse. The wet nurse may be of any color or race but she should be 
healthy. A hospital or maternity home often can supply wet nurses; or an advertisement in a newspaper occasionally gets 
results. However, if no wet nurse can be obtained or if you do not care to employ one, you may give your infant cow's milk or 
goat's milk. Such milk is of an inferior type for infants but is much better than no milk at all. In using cow's milk or goat's milk try 
to obtain it in its raw state. If this cannot by done use the pasteurized milk. During the first six months of the infant's life, dilute 
the milk with an equal amount of water. After this, dilute the milk to the proportions of twice as much milk as water. 

OTHER DIETARY ADVICE 

It is common practice to give infants starchy foods very early in life. But this is not to be recommended: they experience much 
trouble digesting starches. The saliva of the infant under two years of age contains just a slight trace of ptyalin, the enzyme 
which takes care of the first stage of starch digestion. The lack of ptyalin in the saliva shows quite clearly that it is distinctly 
unnatural to feed infants the high-starch foods. In addition to being partly indigestible, starchy foods generally require some 
chewing, and this is something which the toothless infant is hardly capable of doing. If you want to give your baby starchy foods 
such as whole grain cereals, wait until it is at least two years old. 

Now comes the question of how much and how often to feed your baby. This has been a matter of much controversy among 
doctors. Most advise six to eight milk feedings a day, but this usually involves the ingestion of an excess of food. Three 
feedings of milk and about two feedings of fruit and vegetable juices is adequate for most youngsters. There are exceptions of 
course; some babies require more food than others. However, there is far more danger involved in over-feeding than in under- 
feeding. One important rule is that your infant should never be fed in the absence of real hunger. Forced feeding is no doubt 
responsible for no small number of diseases in infants. When there is a need for food nature calls for it through the instrument 
of the sense of hunger. 

The use of cod liver oil and artificial infant foods is very common today but it has nothing to commend it. Your infant will get all 



of the vitamin A and D it requires if you feed it properly and give it sunbaths. Cod liver oil is not needed to supply these 
elements and will do more harm than good. Artificial infant foods are usually lacking in a good supply of vitamins and minerals 
and are far from being desirable in any diet. The closer you adhere to the diet of milk and fruit and vegetable juices for your 
infant, the healthier it will be. The less specially manufactured baby foods the baby is given, the higher will be its resistance to 
all types of disease. There is no substitute for natural foods in either the ideal adult's diet or the ideal infant's diet. 

It is the general medical opinion that the teething process in infants renders them susceptible to various physical disorders. 
They are said to be especially prone to develop intestinal disturbances during this period. No doubt these opinions are founded 
upon observation of infants which are fed in the conventional manner. Infants so fed often develop quite an array of diseases 
whether they are teething or not. But the properly fed infant is not sick during the teething period or at other times. Primitive 
children which are fed upon mother's milk and unrefined foods practically never die from teething, although it is held by doctors 
that modern children often do. The solution is to give your infant the right kinds of food. Then it will go through the teething 
period with no appreciable signs of discomfort. 

BABIES' GENERAL CARE 

The general hygienic care of an infant is really very simple. It involves chiefly, proper attention to fresh air, sunshine and 
cleanliness. Place the infant in as natural an environment as possible. Don't wrap it in heavy clothes during warm weather; 
don't keep it out of the sunshine; don't scrub its tender skin with antiseptic soaps; don't keep it in a hot, stuffy room. The less 
the baby wears in warm weather the better. And as for fresh air, the more it gets, the better Your baby can't be given too much 
fresh air in the summer months, though when the weather is very cold it should not be allowed to become chilled. The skin of 
the baby should be kept clean at all times, and plain water is usually the only cleansing agent needed. Soap may be used 
occasionally when the skin cannot be completely cleaned with water but soap tends to irritate the skin of many babies. It should 
not be used too often. Sunshine will do much for your baby. Start out with five minutes a day and gradually increase the length 
of the period of exposure. With the application of these measures and the use of a correct diet, your baby will possess a high 
state of vitality and health. 

It is regrettable that most male babies arc circumcised. Circumcision had its beginning as a religious ceremonial. It is still a 
superstitious rite of many African tribes. The scientific value of circumcision is really non-existent. It supposedly lowers one's 
susceptibility to venereal diseases, but one is at a loss to find any evidence which indicates that it does this. As circumcision 
involves a surgical operation, it is quite a shock to the delicate nervous system of the infant. An anesthetic may prevent this but 
its depressing effects upon the nervous system are, in the final analysis, still more detrimental to the infant's health. There is 
really no good excuse for circumcision. You will be wise if you do not allow your infant to become a victim of this operation. He 
will not be benefited by it and may be harmed in many ways. 

THE GROWING CHILD 

The care of the child after the age of two years is almost as important as his earlier care. The growing child needs plenty of 
fresh air and sunshine, just as does the infant. In addition, he should have lots of exercise and should be allowed to play 
outdoor games every day. Regarding the diet of the growing child, this should be as natural as possible. Most children are 
given candies, ice cream, pickles, white crackers, cookies and white bread sandwiches whenever they desire them. They often 
piece between meals upon foods which supply little real nourishment. As a result these children often become ill with any 
number of diseases. Almost none pass through an entire year without some acute disease. Whooping cough, measles, scarlet 
fever, diphtheria, pneumonia, and mumps- these are all common diseases of children not because of their supposedly 
contagious qualities, but because of the manner in which the children are fed. 

If you want to preserve the health of your child and permit it to attain adulthood in excellent physical condition, keep away from 
conventional feeding practices. Above all do not give your child a quart of pasteurized milk and a serving of cooked meat each 
day as is commonly recommended. The refined cereals so often advertised for children should be avoided at all times. Children 
thrive best on a diet which contains no foods which have been removed to an appreciable extent from the form in which nature 
produced them. They well can use the same uncooked diet which has been recommended for adults. Give your child two or 
three wholesome meals each day, and if it is hungry between meals give it some fresh fruits or vegetables to munch on rather 
than the customary crackers, white bread, and cookies. By doing this you will be giving your child a great advantage in life, one 
which is based upon a condition of health which is far above average. 

The really healthy child is full of energy. It continually wants to play and romp about. Its eyes are bright; its skin is clear and 
radiant, denoting good health; its features are well formed and it is free from both chronic and acute disease. Such a child can 
be your child. You can be instrumental in molding the life of your child into a perfect pattern. To dc this, you must make a 
practical application of our present knowledge of hygiene. This calls for no complicated procedures but only the simple 
supervision of your child's diet, and the use of other health measures. The hygienic care of your child will repay you many-fold 
in the pleasure you will gain from your work. After all, the mother's greatest treasure is usually her children, and the things 
which are done for them are not done in vain. There is nothing small or insignificant about the creation and molding of a life 
which presents the hygienic ideal, perfection of mind and health. 



Salubrious Living - 20 

The Needs of Infants and Growing Children: How to Give Youngsters a Start in 
Life that will Enable Them to Reach Maturity in a Condition of Optimum Health 



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Salubrious Living - 21 

To Build Beauty You Must Build Health: The Hygienic Road to Beauty of Face and 
Figure 

We have seen that the ancient Greeks were ardent lovers of physical exercise. They were also lovers of beauty and doubtless 
one reason they exercised their bodies as much as they did was to gain greater beauty. The Greek Ideal was perfection of 
mind and body, and beauty was necessary part of such perfection. The Greeks were no doubt a far more beautiful race than 
we are. They ma have strove throughout their lives to duplicate the works of art and sculpture which were common in ancient 
Greece. These works were chiefly examples of natural beauty. 

As physical culture fell in disfavor with the advent of the medieval ages, so beauty also fell to a low standard. The Christians of 
the period continually ridiculed beauty. As irrational asceticism gained power, so the power of beauty lessened. Clement of 
Alexandria expressed the medieval viewpoint when, in regard to woman, he declared: "Let her be entirely covered, unless she 
happen to be at home. For that style of dress is grave, and protect her from being gazed at. And she will never fall who puts 
before her face modesty and a shawl; nor will she invite another to fall into sin by uncovering her fare." Tertullia agreed with 
Clement in his statement that "Natural grace must be obliterated by concealment and negligence, as being dangerous to the 
glance of the beholder's eyes." However, even this dogma of total natural depravity was not capable of making the populace 
prefer physical disfigurement to natural beauty. The desire for beauty seems to be an instinctive trait of everyone, a trait which 
no amount of propaganda or asceticism is able to eradicate. Men will always strive to gain the love of beautiful women and 
women will always be charmed by the features of handsome men. But beauty is associated with more than sex. Under any 
conditions, good form, grace and symmetry are things to be admired. 

In America as well as most other civilized nations beauty is quite rare. Whether we like to admit it or not, only the minority of 
our population are truly beautiful. The majority have facial disfigurements of some kind, as well as deformities of the rest of the 
body. Overweight, underweight, baldness, blotched complexions, protruding abdomens, stooped posture, skinny legs, 
overdeveloped breasts, underdeveloped breasts, eye deformities, dental deformities and facial expressions denoting ill health- 
all these are common in civilized lands and all detract from beauty. Complete freedom from such defects is almost unknown. 

In addition to the rarity of beauty in the first place, we have the existence of premature old age, which causes the destruction of 
whatever beauty may have formerly existed. A girl in her late teens has about her a certain freshness and bloom which rapidly 
disappear in her later years. By the time she is 30 years of age the glow is gone from her cheeks, the brightness from her eyes. 
No longer is there a spring in her step, her formerly beautiful hair may be graying, her teeth are often stained or many of them 
are missing. In short, much of her beauty has been lost. Beauty possesses but a short life in civilized nations. If it survives 10 
years after maturity has been reached it has done well. 

LEARN FROM THE PRIMITIVES 

Among those primitive races which do not use modernized food beauty is retained much longer. What's more, the standard of 
beauty of the primitive is much higher than that of civilized groups. The healthiest primitives, those which have always adhered 
to a diet of unrefined foods, generally possess few, if any, facial of bodily deformities. They usually do not have pinched 
nostrils, undersized and oversized jawbones, deformed dental arches, missing teeth, cross-eyes, underdeveloped bodies and 
other features and qualities which tend to detract from beauty. But this is true of only those who use no refined foods. The 
primitives who use white bread, white sugar, refined rice, coffee, tea and refined cereals are fully as susceptible to deformities 
as are civilized races. 

The experience of the primitives should teach us an important lesson. They should show us the great importance of adhering to 
a proper diet if we are to create beauty. Physical disfigurement is really a disease, a disease which is easily preventable. The 
experiences of the healthiest primitives also indicate that the early loss of beauty, common among civilized people, can be 
prevented. The Hunza of India are a good example of a race which does not lose its beauty at an early age. Follow the 
example of the primitive if you want to preserve your beauty. Live a hygienic life and shun the refined foods of civilization as 
you would shun poison. Remineralize and revitaminize your body with an abundance of uncooked fruits, vegetables and nuts. 

Though whatever beauty you now possess can easily be preserved over an extended period of time, little can be done to 
remove the deformities which have existed since birth. The plastic surgeon is often of some value but even work he can do has 
great limitations. However, not everyone is so greatly deformed as to place serious restrictions on their lives. Most people 
possess enough inherited beauty to live useful, happy lives if they will but enrich the beauty they do possess. This adds to the 
appearance of everyone. The woman with perfect features has little to offer if her vitality is at a low ebb and if her eyes show 
the effects of ill health. On the other hand, the woman with some slight physical defect can be quite attractive if she presents a 
picture of superb health, with clear sparkling eyes, a smooth, velvety complexion and an abundance of vitality. You can do 
much for your appearance if you will build health. You may be able to add to the beauty which you now possess. 



YOUR CHILDREN'S BEAUTY 

Don't be concerned with only your beauty. If you have children, give them the foods which will add to their beauty, and if you 
expect to be the father or mother of children in the future always adhere to a hygienic mode of living. Your children will be less 
likely to have physical deformities if they possess a good heredity-that is, if you will but live properly in the years prior to 
conception and birth. It is especially important that a proper mode of living be adopted during pregnancy, for during this period 
the food eaten by the expectant mother has a great affect upon the baby. Even perfect heredity will mean little if a diet of 
devitalized foods is used during pregnancy. Of course, in some cases infants with relatively perfect features are born of parents 
who live in the most unhygienic manner. But why leave this all to chance when you can insure the birth of beautiful children 
simply by obeying some simple rules of hygiene? And remember that these include more than dietary rules. Sunbathing is also 
important as it supplies vitamin D which is especially needed by the pregnant woman. 

WATCH YOUR WEIGHT 

Probably a chief cause of a lack of beauty is overweight. It is literally impossible to possess any great degree of beauty if you 
have allowed heavy rolls of fat to cover your frame. The overweight person is unhealthy. He not only is disfigured because of 
the excess fat, but he fails to present a picture of good vitality because of his impaired health. He generally looks many years 
older than he really is. 

Now if you are overweight it is because you have eaten too many of the wrong kinds of foods. Your doctor may have told you 
that it is due to glandular deficiencies, but remember that the causes of overweight and these glandular deficiencies are similar. 
No doubt many overweight people have glandular troubles, but these do not create the excess of weight any more than the 
excess of weight produces the glandular troubles. Forget gland medicines and drugs of all kinds if you want to lose weight. It is 
possible that you can drug your way to a good figure but you may ruin your health in doing so. There is only one way to reduce 
scientifically and that is the hygienic way. 

It is the particular vogue among doctors and certain nutritionists to recommend low calorie diets for those who are overweight. 
The patients are told to eat whatever they wish but to watch their calorie intake. The highly concentrated foods such as meat, 
eggs, nuts, etc., are allowed if they do not raise the calorie intake over a certain figure, this generally being set at somewhere 
between 1 ,000 and 2,000 calories per day. Now it is quite certain that you can reduce on these calorie diets but you will have a 
hard time doing it, and a long time will elapse before your weight is down to the desired figure. The fast way to reduce involves 
far more than watching your calories. It consists of eliminating all of the high-protein, high-carbohydrate, high-fat foods from 
your diet. What you need is an elimination diet of juicy fruits and non-starchy vegetables. Or if you wish to lose even faster, cut 
out the vegetables and use only juicy fruits. And while you are on the elimination diet you don t have to watch your calories, 
although it is well to under eat rather than overeat. The less eaten the more rapid will be the loss of weight. The average 
overweight person loses from one to three pounds of weight per week on the elimination diet, and a few lose even more than 
that. 

However, many will not be satisfied with losing just a few pounds of weight per week, and they must fast. During the fast weight 
is lost more rapidly; usually about a pound a day disappears. Within a month or two many people who are literally covered with 
heavy rolls of fat can attain good figures by fasting. Fasting is not only the most rapid method of reducing; it is also one of the 
safest methods. 

In any reducing plan exercise is good, but unless it is combined with other measures it may be of little value. People have tried 
to exercise themselves to good figures for years and many have actually gained weight trying. Exercise must be combined with 
proper nutrition if it is to be of value in losing weight. A combination of the elimination diet and exercise is quite effective. 

Just as undesirable as an excess of flesh is the deficiency of flesh found in the underweight person. The skinny individual is not 
beautiful. To be beautiful you must have your frame covered with firm, healthy flesh. You don't need rolls of fat; you need just 
enough flesh to cover the body frame so as to give a good, healthy appearance. There is nothing like being normal as far as 
weight is concerned. 

However, the normal weight of the healthy person is not to be confused with the weight of the average person. The average 
individuals used in determining what is a normal weight are not healthy. We cannot arrive at what constitutes a proper weight 
by taking a group of poorly nourished people and averaging all of their weights. So don't bother about weight charts in deciding 
how much you should weigh. What you want is beauty, a well-rounded and well-formed figure. This may be well below the 
average weight of people your height and age, or it may be well above average. The question of weight is an individual one 
and should always be regarded as such. However, it may be mentioned here that the ideal weight, may, more often than not, 
tend to be below average. We know that the lowest mortality rate is among those who are 20 pounds below average weight. 
And among healthy animals we generally find that they do not have an ounce of superfluous weight on their bodies. The 
hunting dog and the racehorse are at their best condition when you can count their ribs. 

The conventional methods of gaining weight involve over-eating and the use of many highly concentrated foods, such as 



cream, olive oil, meat, nuts and eggs. That this method often produces a gain in weight need not be questioned. But it does not 
produce firm, healthy flesh. It is better to remain thin than to overload your body with an excess of high-protein and high- 
carbohydrate foods which produce plenty of fat. I he hygienic way to gain weight is to first build health. When you do this your 
weight will take care of itself. 

The first thing you must do if you are skinny and under developed is to fast. This may sound illogical at first, but it is the only 
really scientific thing to do. In order to assimilate your food in an efficient manner you need a clean foundation upon which to 
work. You can gain this by fasting. All of the good food in the world will not help you if you cannot assimilate it, and most 
underweight people do not assimilate their food well. Many who have been unable to gain a pound in years, have, after a fast, 
gained weight rapidly until they were well developed. 

The uncooked diet should be employed in all cases. It should contain liberal amounts of green leafy vegetables, nuts, nut milk 
and jelly coconuts (if the latter are obtainable) in addition to the staple fruits. Combined with the diet should be an extensive 
program of exercise. Weight lifting is particularly recommended as a means of putting healthy, flesh on the thin body. It is 
perhaps the best body developer known. Sunbathing is also of much value; in fact, it alone has often been responsible for 
appreciable gains in weight by underweight patients. The combination of fasting, natural diet, exercise and sunbathing is 
necessary, however, for the most rapid results. 

COSMETICS 

With your health built to a high level, with your possession of an abundance of vitality, and your figure just right-not too heavy 
and not too light you will possess the maximum degree of beauty. Then will come the question of cosmetics. You will have to 
decide whether to use the numerous artificial aids of beauty which are heralded far and wide, by advertiser and beauty experts 
alike, as indispensable for the most comely appearance. 

Of the billion dollars spent annually for cosmetic and beauty treatments in the United States, many millions are spent for 
preparations which are harmful, irritating, and in many cases, poisonous. Lotions, creams and hair-dyes frequently contain fatal 
poisons such as arsenic and lead as well as many irritants, including corrosive sublimate, salicylic acid and carbolic acid. 
Arsenic, lead and bismuth are common ingredients of many face powders. Corrosive sublimate is often found in mole and 
freckle lotions. 

Present federal laws do not forbid the use of poisons in cosmetics. The Federal Trade Commission often stops manufacturers 
from advertising their poisonous products as "safe" but that is as far as it goes. It has no jurisdiction over the sale of cosmetics. 
An injunction from the Trade Commission is simply an incentive for the copywriters to invent an array of poetic phrases 
meaning "safe" which are not covered by law. 

Hair-dyes are among the worst offenders in the field of cosmetics. Clever advertising has given the public the impression that 
these products are perfectly safe. For instance, the manufacturer whose product contains only poisonous lead acetate will 
boast that it is free from nitrate of silver, paraphenylendiamin. The manufacturer may parade the fact that it is free from lead, 
sulphur and silver. The copywriter can always devise the most effective means of misleading the beauty-seekers, and at the 
same time remain beyond reach of the clumsy fingers of the law. 

It may be said that the poisons in cosmetics are not absorbed by the body, but the facts do not bear this out. Medical records 
show clearly that the most severe toxic symptoms, including blindness, abdominal pains, vomiting, nausea, substernal pain, 
loss of hair, and facial swelling followed by disfigurement have resulted from the use various cosmetics. Naturally these 
symptoms do not always occur; their presence is the exception rather than the general rule. Most people absorb the poisons 
very slowly, so slowly in fact that, that they never realize they are being poisoned. The pathological symptoms require years of 
gradual development. When the stage is reached where they can be detected by diagnosis, they are ascribed to bacteria, 
imaginary virus or some unknown cause. 

There are of course some brands of cold cream, face powder and other cosmetics which contain no poisonous substances. 
The preparations of the Elizabeth Ardens, the Helena Rubensteins and the Dorothy Grays, together with those found in health 
food stores, are most likely to be compounded of safe ingredients, though no blanket endorsement of them can be given. They 
are, at best, harmless; their supposed hygienic and curative values are purely imaginary. 

The use or non-use of the non-poisonous cosmetics cannot be decided by the Hygienic system. Whether or not cosmetics 
such as lipstick, face powder, rouge and mascara add to beauty is purely a matter of opinion and is developed upon the 
custom and tradition of a given people at a given time. The branch of aesthetics which deals with cosmetics is not a science, 
but it is rather the product of advertising and conventions. 

It may be added however, that no amount of external treatments of applications can render beautiful the women whose ill 
health has impaired the appearance of eyes, hair, skin, teeth and figure. Even the American, who has been taught to 
appreciate painted faces, speaks with poetic delight of the unsurpassed beauty of the Polynesian women with their perfectly 



clean faces. If there is a need for cosmetics, it certainly diminishes as the degree of natural beauty increases. The modern 
beauty shop can provide no substitute for the beauty that comes from good health. It can only enrich this beauty in accordance 
with the popular tastes of the day. 

The newer knowledge of hygiene gives people opportunities for beauty which they never had before. It permits the creation of a 
race whose normal possession is real beauty. In your own case it means much. By living a hygienic life you can improve your 
own appearance; you can be more attractive than you have ever been. True beauty comes from within; it is largely determined 
by the chemistry of the body. That is the fundamental thing to remember. 

In the final analysis, we must regard beauty, health and youth as closely related. To the extent that you preserve one you also 
preserve the others. The uncooked fruitarian diet, sunshine, exercise, fresh air, fasting if necessary, and abstinence from 
drugs, vaccines, serums and other toxins- these are the prime requirements in your attempt to preserve your youth, health, and 
beauty as long as you can. The hygienic mode of living will permit you to be healthy and happy in your old age. It will provide 
you with a strong, well-formed body, free from disease, even as you approach the proverbial three score and ten mark. You will 
change a little in appearance as the years roll by, but you never need become so feeble and decrepit that you have lost all of 
your natural beauty. The Hygienic system offers you the closest possible approach to the fountain of youth, the only method of 
living which can remove, once and for all, the ravages of senility. 

You have one of two roads to follow. One leads to disease, early senility and the early loss of beauty. The other leads to 
superb health, a long life, a prolonged period of youth and a higher degree of beauty. Which will you choose? Upon your 
decision rests the future course of your life. 

Salubrious Living - 21 

To Build Beauty You Must Build Health: The Hygienic Road to Beauty of Face and 
Figure 



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Salubrious Living - 22 

Eugenics and the Survival of the White Race: By Ben Klassen, Founder 

The CHURCH OF THE CREATOR deems it extremely important that if we want the White Race of the future to be more 
healthy, happy and intelligent that we must also look to our genetic health. If we want healthier children (and adults) we must 
stop the breeding and proliferation of genetically diseased derelicts. We all know that like begets like, and scum begets scum. 
Now healthy, beautiful and intelligent parents may not always reproduce children that are exact replicas of themselves, but by 
the law of averages they are going to have children that are similar to themselves, some even superior, some not. Similarly, 
idiots, misfits, mental and physical cripples, the genetically diseased, are going the reproduce more of their tragic ilk to plague 
not only the present society, but also future generations. 

Unfortunately, as I have pointed out in the WHITE MAN'S BIBLE (and also in NATURE'S ETERNAL RELIGION) present day 
society is so geared and structured that the inferior are encouraged to far outbreed the superior, and the mud races to far 
outbreed the White Race. The Jewish power establishment wants it that way, and does everything in its considerable power to 
make it happen. (See Chapters 26, 27, 28, and 41 of The WHITE MAN'S BIBLE). In past centuries (before welfare and 
subsidization became the monsters they are today) there was a natural curb on the proliferation of the inferior. Whereas they 
could breed, their proliferation was strictly limited by their inability to feed themselves. As a result the niggers of Africa, for 
instance, never increased their numbers over thousands of years. This degenerate black population of the African continent 
stabilized at the starvation level and stayed there. The ability (or inability) to produce food was the limiting curb. Until the advent 
of the White Man their numbers changed very little and for a huge continent fabulously rich in natural resources it supported a 
relatively small population. Furthermore, that population, by our standards lived continuously in dire poverty with the specter of 
starvation perpetually stalking the land. 

The advancing technology of the White Race changed all that, both at home and abroad. With new inventions created by the 
genius of the White Man a single farmer could now feed 50 families whereas a few centuries ago he could feed perhaps two at 
most. 

Now we are all proud of the genius of the White Man and the multitude of marvelous inventions his creative mind has 
produced. We are proud of such geniuses as Leonardo di Vinci, who was far ahead of his time; of Edison who dedicated most 
of his adult life to producing hundreds of inventions; of James Watt, who produced the first steam engine; of Henry Ford who 
revolutionized manufacturing techniques and put America on wheels; of Robert Fulton who built the first working steamboat; of 
Robert McCormick who produced the first horse drawn reaper and thereby tripled the productivity of the average grain farmer. 
We are proud of Daimler, Diesel, Marconi, Morse, Bell and hundred, yes, thousands of geniuses who have contributed 
tremendously to the advance of our civilization and culture. 

The one overriding observation about all these geniuses is that they were White-members of Nature s Elite the White Race. 

As I have stated in the introductory pages of this book, the underlying goal of our four dimensional religion, CREATIVITY, is a 
Sound Mind in a Sound Body in a Sound Society in a Sound Environment. In order for us to live a happy, healthy and 
productive life, it is not enough to strive for physical health. In any case, even physical health is impossible if any of the other 
three factors is absent. 

You cannot pursue health and happiness if your mental condition is deranged. You cannot stay healthy or happy for long if the 
society you live in is in turmoil and chaos. For instance, how long could a healthy intelligent White family survive if it lived in the 
middle of Harlem? Not long. It would be robbed, attacked and soon murdered by the unruly black animals surrounding it. 
Supposing such conditions spread nation wide until we had wall-to-wall niggers. How long could White families survive under 
such conditions? And finally, there is the environment. How can anyone successfully pursue Salubrious Living if our air, our 
water, and yes, the overwhelming proportion of our food is polluted with poisonous chemicals? 

The answer is no one can survive under such conditions, much less live in peace, health and happiness unless and until all 
four of these basics of our religious creed are in order. In CREATIVITY we stress the TOTAL SOLUTION-the whole ball of wax. 
We do not waste our time fiddling with trivialities, or berating effects. We go after the basic causes, and then seek to correct the 
cause, not chase after effects. 

In CREATIVITY, I believe we have the TOTAL PROGRAM, the FINAL SOLUTION, the ULTIMATE CREED. 

In this book we have so far fairly covered thoroughly three of the major aspects of our four dimensions. We have covered the 
conditions for mental health (a Sound Mind) the means of attaining and sustaining superior physical health (a Sound Body) and 
what we must do to maintain a clean and viable environment, although this last problem is treated much more thoroughly in 
The WHITE MAN'S BIBLE (Chapters 13, 14, and 15). In both NATURE'S ETERNAL RELIGION and The WHITE MAN'S BIBLE 
we deal extensively with the structuring and building of a Sound Society. So many chapters are devoted to this in both books 
that we will not even separate them here. 



What we want to emphasize in this last chapter of this book is something very few books on health dare to mention at all-and 
that is Point No 14 of SALUBRIOUS LIVING, namely the subject of Eugenics. Without a conscious understanding of, and 
adherence to its laws; unless we are dedicated to the unflagging practice of its principles, everything else eventually breaks 
down and for the White Race ends up in a tragic catastrophe of gigantic dimensions. 

What do we mean by Eugenics? Basically it means racial health. All species of Nature practice it instinctively. All species, 
whether it is a herd of buffalo, or deer, or caribou, or a flock of ducks, do basically two things to keep the genetics of the herd or 
the flock healthy: (a)There is a continuous culling out of the misfits in order to improve the genetic quality of the herd or the 
flock (survival of the fittest), and, (b) They do not interbreed with another similar species, no matter how closely related that 
species may be. 

Let us examine the process of "culling the herd" first. Nature is continuously urging each species to upgrade itself so that it is 
better fitted to meet the competition in the fierce battle for survival. Nature does not necessarily view one species more 
desirable than another, whether it be a shark, or a cat, or a deer or an eagle. To Nature there are no favorites. Each is 
equipped with certain attributes, certain tools, certain advantages and disadvantages for its own survival and expansion. How 
well each creature uses these attributes is up to its own discretion in the fierce struggle for survival. 

Nature is ruthless in the application of its laws. It is completely indifferent as to which individual survives, or which species 
survives. Nature punishes with extinction those species, which, although suitably equipped, were not vigorous enough, or too 
sluggish in the struggle for survival on the face of this planet. As we look back on geological and biological history of the past 
we find that such creatures as the dodo and the dinosaur are now extinct, as are millions of other species now imbedded in 
ancient rock as nothing more than fossils. 

Therefore each species either shapes up or ships out, as the saying goes. Those species that are still around vigorously 
practice eugenics instinctively and are subject to numerous culling practices. For instance, in a herd of buffalo, a deformed calf 
will usually be butted to death by other calves, or even adult buffalos. To the bleeding hearts of the present liberal generation 
this may seem cruel. But actually, the butting calves are doing the herd a big favor. By culling out the misfit they are preventing 
it from growing up and perpetuating its defective genes into the gene pool of the herd. They are preventing the proliferation of 
deformed and crippled buffalos in their herd of the future and thereby its degeneration and eventual extinction. 

Helping this culling process are a number of predators such as wolves, coyotes or cougars that may be stalking the fringes of 
the herd. They, too, contribute immensely to the health of the herd and are directly involved not only in the survival of the 
predators, but also in the survival of the buffalo herd. By attacking and pulling down the slow, the sickly, the sluggish and the 
weak they are culling out the genetic undesirables and thereby keeping the herd viable and sound and more capable in 
meeting the challenge of survival. 

Now we come to point (b) in the process of Eugenics, namely keeping the species pure. Just as Nature frowns on cripples and 
misfits and ruthlessly punishes them with extinction, so Nature also frowns on bastardization of the species, any species, 
whether animal, bird or human. 

When I was a kid, I was brought up on a farm in Saskatchewan. A few hundreds yards below our barn was a slough of water, 
about a mile long, and I spent many happy summer days rafting on it. 

Now this slough happened to be a favorite nesting area for many species of wild ducks who flew north for the summer to breed 
and usher in the next generation. Among these I had the opportunity to observe many different species of ducks-pintail ducks, 
teal ducks, canvasback ducks, mallard ducks, mud hens, helldivers and others that I could not identify. There is one cogent 
lesson I learned from all these different species and it is this: Whereas they all belonged to the duck family each sub-species 
mated only with its own, pintails with pintails, canvasbacks with canvasbacks, teal with teal, etc. Never did they interbreed, 
never was there any miscegenation despite the fact they were all ducks and despite the fact that they all nested in the same 
pond. Nature hates bastards. Whereas domesticated animals (having too long been guided by, and interdependent on their 
human masters) have long lost their identity and the instincts of a pure species, the creatures of the wild have not and will 
faithfully abide by the laws of Nature. I repeat-Nature hates bastards. Nature frowns on miscegenation and ruthlessly relegates 
to the scrap heap of evolution those species which would arrogantly violate her laws. 

We now come to the human species and focus particular attention on the White Race with whose welfare CREATIVITY is 
exclusively and solely concerned. After setting forth the goals and objectives of Creativity in the first chapter of the WHITE 
MAN'S BIBLE we lay down a hard and fast principle in the second chapter, namely we are concerned basically with the 
survival, expansion and advancement of the White Race. Everything we say, every opinion we express is through the eyes of 
the White Race. The White Race is the supreme yardstick by which we measure all things. Why? Because we ARE the White 
Race and Nature imposes upon us the same demands and the same laws as on every other creature and that is: LOOK TO 
THE SURVIVAL AND WELFARE OF YOUR OWN KIND. 

Nature, however, has done more than that for the White Race. In fact, it is on the White Race that she has lavished her most 



generous gifts. On no other creature in all the billions of years life has existed on this earth has Nature so generously 
dispensed as much INTELLIGENCE, CREATIVITY and PRODUCTIVITY AS SHE HAS ON THE White Race in just the last 
instant of geologic time. No other creature has occupied such predominance, such exclusiveness, so much control over its own 
environment and the destiny of other creatures as has the White Race in modern times. Without doubt, in the White Race 
Nature has produced her highest creature, her Elite, with no even near rivals. 

As with all other creatures, Nature has clearly told us, the White Race, the following: "What you do with your gifts and talents is 
strictly up to you. Whether you survive or not as a species is strictly up to you also. Whether you squander or abuse these 
precious gifts I have given you, that, too, is up to you. But I can promise you this: If you don't use these unusual attributes and 
advantages for your own survival and upgrading, I will relegate you too to the scrap heap of evolution. It is up to you. I am 
completely indifferent whether you survive or not". 

The tragic fact of history in this last quarter of the twentieth century is that the White Race is not using its precious gifts, its 
astounding advantages, its unique intelligence, for its own best interests. 

Whereas there is no creature in geologic history that we know of that ever was dumb enough to say to an inferior species: 
"Since you are weak, stupid and sluggish, we will subsidize you. Since you are having a hard time, we will hold back on our 
own species, we will divert our food, labor and talents from our kind to yours so that you can multiply and crowd us off the face 
of the earth. We will even go further. We are so insanely generous, we will mix our genes with yours to help upgrade yours, 
although this will mean our own extinction." 

No, in this respect no creature has ever taken such a dumb stance as has the White Race. It may be the most creative, the 
most intelligent creature in technology, science, literature, arts and many other fields of endeavor that go to make up 
civilization but when it comes to looking to its own survival, its own upgrading of its species, keeping its own genetic health, to 
the recognition of its natural enemies in all these most vital aspects the White Race has most flagrantly flouted all of Nature's 
laws and is more stupid than the lowly mud hen I observed on our slough in Canada. And for this flagrant violation the White 
Race is beginning to pay dearly. If it does not soon change its course, Nature will exact its final punishment on the White Race- 
Extinction. This is as certain as the extinction of the dodo and the dinosaur and this process is crashing about our ears at an 
astounding speed, in fact, when we look at the multi-million year survival span of other species, the White Race might have one 
of the shortest tenures in biological history. 

It is not my objective here to re-capitulate the basics of Eugenics. This I have already covered in The WHITE MAN'S BIBLE 
and need not be repeated here. The objective in this book is two fold: (a) to set forth a program for superb health and (b) to 
make each member of the White Race keenly conscious of the fact that a creed, a program and religion exist that serves the 
WHOLE man, the WHOLE society and the WHOLE environment in order that we may build a better world, a better society, a 
better race and a healthier, happier and more capable individual. 

The rest of the creed you will find in our two basic books, NATURE'S ETERNAL RELIGION and The WHITE MAN'S BIBLE. 
Read them, study them and re-read them. Then go to work distribute them, spread the word and help build a better world. 
Help bring about the greatest blessing ever conceived for mankind in all its tumultuous history: 

A SOUND MIND in a SOUND BODY in a SOUND SOCIETY in a SOUND ENVIRONMENT. 

Salubrious Living - 22 

Eugenics and the Survival of the White Race: By Ben Klassen, Founder 



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