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Full text of "Scientific Papers - Vi"

1912] ELECTRICAL VIBRATIONS ON A THIN ANCHOR-KING 115 and on the right we may replace sc by its first approximate value. Referring to (2) we see that the negative sign must be chosen for a and x, so that os= — 2. The imaginary term on the right is thus ITT ~ {j; (2)-J-3 (:>)} = 0-70336^. For the real term Pocklington calculates 0'485, so that, L being written for log (8a/e), ' a = ± [i + (0-243 + 0-352i)/Z}. .(20) " Hence the period of the oscillation is equal to the time .required for a free wave to traverse a distance equal to the circumference of the circle multiplied by 1 — 0'243/i, and the ratio of the amplitudes of consecutive vibrations is 1 : e~2'zl/L or 1 - 2'21/Z." For the general value of m (19) is replaced by (a9«9 - m2) L = ^^ {/2m_i (2m) - J2m+, (2m)} + R,...... ..(21) where R is a real finite number, and finally 771 - -I I •*•" . ^"" | T If) \ T /Q \\ Sf)i)\ The ratio of the amplitudes of successive vibrations is thus 1 : l-7,-»i/9JB-l(2m)-/nB+I(2»i)}/2A' ...............(23) in which the values of «/2m_1(2)n)-/2,H+1(2m) can be taken from the tables (see Gray and Mathews). We have as far as m equal to 12: • ' m ...... ^(2«H)-JM(2»0 J?l "^am— 1 (^"v ~ ^2m+l (2m) 1 2 3 0-448, 0-298 0-232 7 0-136 j 8 0-125 1 9 0-116 4 ' 5 0-194 0-169 10 0-108 11 " ' (M02 6 " 0-150 12 : 0-096 It appears that tne damping during a single vibration diminishes as m increases, viz., the greater the number of subdivisions of the circumference. An approximate expression for the tabulated quantity when m is large may be at once derived from • a formula due .to Nicholson*, who shoes' that * Phil. Magf-1908, Vol. xvi, pp. 276. 2?7.ht have investigated the problem upon this basis.