Skip to main content

Full text of "Scientific Papers - Vi"

See other formats

'118                 ELECTRICAL  VIBRATIONS  ON A THIN  ANCHOR-RING                [<
Whether m be odd or even, the three components are in the same phi On the same scale the intensity of disturbance, represented by P2 4- Q2 -f-is in terms of 9, <j>
cos28(S2+C^ + sm20(Ccos<f) + Ssm<t>')2,  ............ (36
an expression whose sign should be changed when m is even. Introducing  values of G and S in terms of  from (31), (33),' we find that P2 + Q- + is proportional to
cos" 6 {m+i2 + }n.-i2 + 2TO+i m_a cos 2m0} + sin2 6 cos2 m<f) (@m+1 + w_!
...... (37
From this it appears that for directions lying in the plane of the ri (cos 6 = 0) the radiation vanishes with cos m<j>. The expression (37) may a be written
2 + 20m+1,ll_1 cos 2m<}> - % sin2 6 (0m+1 - B,^)2 (1 - cos
...... (38;
or, in terms of J"'s, by (34), (35),
7T'2 [Jm+i2 + Jm-i - 2Jm+iJm-i cos 2m</> -  sin2 & (Jm+i + ^m-i)2 (1 - cos 2m</>
...... (39)
and this whether m be odd or even.    The argument of the J"'s is aa sin 9.
Along the  axis   of symmetry  (Q = 0)   the  expression (39)  should independent of <p.    That this is so is verified when we remember that Jn vanishes except n = 0.    The expression (39) thus vanishes altogether witl unless m = 1, when it reduces to IT- simply*.    In the neighbourhood of t axis the intensity is of the order 6-m~~z.
In the plane of the ring (sin 6 = 1) the general expression reduces to
7T2 (Jm+i  Jm-if cos2 m<,    or   4?r2/m/2 cos2 m0 .......... (40)
It is of interest to consider also the mean value of (39) reckoned 01 angular space.    The mean with respect to (/> is evidently
7T2 [/m+l2 + /m-!2 + \ S^2 0 (Jm+l + Jm-^] ............. (41 )
By a known formula in Bessel's functions
For the present purpose
2=a2a2sin20 = m-sin20; and (41) becomes
* [June 20.   Reciprocally, plane waves, travelling parallel to  the axis of symmetry a incident upon the ring, excite none of the higher modes of vibration.]1 are both odd and S and 0 are both pure imaginaries.    But when m is odd, S and (7 are both real.