522 ON THE SCATTERING OF LIGHT BY SPHERICAL SHELLS [427
when the integration is taken for a complete sphere of radius R. If m is moderately great, that is, if R be a large multiple of \ the first term on the right of (11) preponderates, and we may use approximately
_ ^x ......................... ^ '
Thus, if (K- 1) has no constant part,
, = flfrX ^
' 2&cos^% 4 cos | ^ ...................... ^ '
The relation between the wave-length of the structure (A) and that of the light is expressed by
A = |X/cos 1^ ................... . ........... (14)
" It seems probable that a structure of this sort is the cause of the remarkable colours, variable with the angle of observation, which are so frequent in beetles, butterflies, and feathers.Now