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Full text of "Seerah Ibn Hisham"

si^iji'n'B^ifKis^a^ 




'Sc<^4pa^t44^ <%^ t^ ^t&pAet 



^Ui4^t2jfiii 



Abridged by; 

*Abdu5-SaIdm M. Hdrun 




AL-FALAH FOUNDATION 




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DISTRtBLT:/ON 1421/2000. 

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Views exprcjited hy different amhori of bcoLs and studies publlfihcd by 
Al-Fulii]i Fuundutiar Oo tioi ntt:<is>ardy represent [he viewi of /M-Fulah 
Ftjundalioru 

Tiic irans^Hion oi ihf im-iiniiiij of ihc Qur'anii: verges quoted in !hc ii-xr is 
I3ken from Dr Muhamnijd TiijudDTii Al-liiiaii and Dr. Muijuoim-Md 

TTaiislJKed by fnfe A. FjtfTd 

Ri'uscd by Muhdinrcad M/ Abdul-Fallah 
Edited by Ufiiih FafOi| CiKiJt 

Ctjver designedly X:idij[ih GunL-it 

FdhUsheti hv: 

AL-FALAH FOUNDATION FOR TRANS LAT( ON. 

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^Preface 



l'hroughi>ul tiULtir^r. ilw wiirld hiL. tii:vet wiiaii&ixd iin ideal charoc^i^r 
like thill of PniphL-1 Muli.iJiim:iJ tpbuh). Jhis fuel jj mainiuineU in rhr 
Gtornius Our" an. when Allah. MoM Higll. says, 

A Ye ftnv iiiiii'r'ti in thi: Mi-s^^'fl^cr tt/ AUtiU tin e-xr^HpiJf rxfimpi^r fnt, 
ftiiH wiiii hifin^i m aIIiiIj and ti:t Firuit Day^ uiui u/iy ri'itwrnben Aliuh 
inmh- ^ 

^ 

(Al-Ahzab:3l) 

thcKfan. ii is tlw diUy of eveiy MufiUrM Ut iiludy EinJ fcHi^vi on The 
5F^aA of lb: PniphiM iphuh^. ^i> :u tn fi;iin :^iiCL:tST^ m tlii.'i wcuUI und 
prosperirv m the world to come. In ihi* corircxr. Az-Zuliun sjiid. "In 
suidjing iht' bauits <^i' the Prt>pliei(phuhi. iici the knowledge dihis world 
;is well us ihui ofihe Htreaft^r" 

Thu\ ii grves us gKjr pleasure lo present lliii valuable T>4H>k to nur 
beloved readers. Al the same linhr, we fijcl inddned lo ihe jhiidger'N lumily 
fcff giving us ihe chance lo prcseni ihis priceless ^vork U> inir 
HnglLsh-spciking jcudcr.v Also, wc jt^k AlJjti lu ;ihund4tnily icwurd boLhtiK 
Buihor, ibri Hi^hflm^ jnd the nhridgef, 'Ahdu*,-Salani M. Hlirfin. and bcslow 
His Uicicy Lpim ihi.*ir 'U>uK, 

Finally. afJ prai^» anil ih^iitks uio due K' ATliiii, wiilii>ui Whubc help and 
iiuidiiiR't noibm^.tmi he acpomplisbed. 

Al-FaJ»ii Director 



Contents 

Introduction ^ ;....«>».,«. VII 

I- THE PROPHET AND THE ARABIAN PENINSULA 

BEFORE THE MISSION „._„, 1 

II- THE MISSION AND DA WAH TO ISLAM UNTIL 
THE EMfGRATION ».-v.™-, ,.„.>.,.„.>..-, 33 

III- THE GENERAL EMIGRATION ....,,,_„,^„„., 91 

IV- THE PILLARS OF THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY 105 

V- THE BLESSED STRUGGLE 117 

' ■ " l"C VV O I nUC -Pi P ■ b'* ■'<■■■■■'<■ aViiiI i>->i " - r^ ■ I if / 

VII- THE END OFTHE BLESSED JOURNEY IN THE 
WORLDLY LIFE 275 

Indexes .., ,,_„„, -w-297 

Gfossary 326 

Trans [rteratiDn ,.^„.,-„,„«.,-j..iv.„.^"Vi,.o..,iivi-„..... 330 



Introduction 



History and Biography 

The hi!;[*Jr>' "^ ""^ Prc-KTanik: Arabia was known only liy mcuns tif 
narfaiion, Ambic hision' o^irn iKforc ihe advent of IsTam reftctieil ihc 
nature or Iheiflifesiylc. ll showc;! lEicir pride iTHlieir Tuihcis ;intnoreEjlhciSs 
htrcvism. geni^ro.siiy. loyally, swru's of ;inCcMry untl ylliiuitci. Tlicrc ucrc 
also riaciyiivcs obiiui ibe hisioty of ihe K;l' buh, ihc cmtrjicmre ol ihe wetl (*r 
Zamzjni, The news ot iht: irihc of Jiirhuih and lemli^rf. of Qiir.iy^h. ^nd ibc 
Wii'riii Ham wha-j? i^nllapsc 4:aUM,t! pcupic lo ilispurse m ibc land. There 
were ulsE>ji(oricftt>r diviners ajidlhctrcMatioas.lhuii, hislury pgnr^iyeil iIkii 
sociii-pEilUkal \ini\ reli^iou^ aspL:ci> nfLJk. 

Mam ^ppc^red ai i\k eliiil* when people weri' ncciislomed lo icpiiTt all 
Ihesc siories and events. With iUc beginnm" of iht Mcvsugu. prcceilcd by 
poriLWs ol piuphcihood. Ihc early life :md up-bringing of tho Prophei 
(pbuh). ihc ReveLitmii and relcrvanl uvi-m* nnvl aliiiudes tif the l*Tophc['5 
ComparUoife anJ L-iicinit's, rhe Prx»[»hcts behavior ami Kliisiuns with 
Mu^tilm^ dtsbelievcfs, ChiiHinns. and Jews, ilicre cmcfiii-'il a prolifn' ami 
hrofld subjcci-niaricr i-f informalion .ind tidings wliich ^erc i\^ cireulji«l 
iltrtMigh n^iTiilion Moretiver. ih-i Q\\ti\a. ihe htuiiiK :trid Lhe uiufd^i of 
GKiipanifins. eonsiiluEed a rit- h recoi'il of ih;U ni7\t life. 

While thi; Qar'^n wu^ hewing wriu^n dnun. rhc hinHsh remained a im^iiod 
wriosorQarraniin. Ini^cncral nufne tmd the courage tn iliink of wriiing die 
hadiih as a i^^por&e lo lite Prophd'ji sayui^, 

"Do ntft tfiint n"- ffiv ^•lil'iig} fi)r tmyfhins^ fjcepr ihr Qur'aa, and 
wUiHyrr hm ifiioffil n^ O'y wniiii^^fnr tmyiimj; orh/:r than the Qitr'un 
Shmitii 'unii jt- ' 

The Wisdom l^hind dii^ wji^ i>bviou'i; ii aiitietl ui avoiding confii'^ion 
bclwi^en lhe Rcvclailtm and die Prophei''^ words dunng ihe nnic of 
J^vcUlion. Utitloubiedly, ii wa^ a lemporary mitlier lasting uiud i\\'^ whole 
Qur'jui \im\ hcen [rvcaled. 



When 'Unuirihn'Ahdcl-'AZi/ ruled ffitim 9^ (u 101 AHi. In? spcm forty 
duv'i p^.T^t>^mirlg Ixtikhi^roh prjVL'i^ ;t>kiiig AJluh whcihcr he should write 
dov*^n hulith or noi. He coniinupd unul he f(?h Allah's uppfoval Me thun 
asked Abu Bukr ibn Miiharnmad ihn 'Umarihn Uii-^ni <d. 120 AH i. \\\<i nikT 
of Mjidinah X. \hM limc. u> vriic down ihc /rt/cMr Ht wriiic Jouu [^le 
titnlnhs Uc huJ iTiuimirizcd in a book, which was s^nt in Ihc provinces, 
"IfrntiT jhn Ahdel-^Aziz also asked Muhamm^ ibn Mushm ihn Shihilb 
Az-Ziihri. \\k leather i>.f Mafit. uy ivrile dowB /W/r/f, and ilie Tatter did so in 
buok form. 

Aftcfwards. Muslims continued lo wiitc down whalever rhcy knew oF 
Che Propliers hittiah^ wnhimt keeping lo a pii^'^ii'!"" '^^Tn oi ieL'iiumng cs 
c1;ivsirjcuiioii, Fo* msiancc. wliiie *»OTJtc ^i aside tluipicrs im Jaw, odicr^ 
,b(f^un 111 vla^iKify fuiitiili into chalets on ihc IVopheis birifi unUl {he 
Bevtiiaion, chapTers on his stale in Makkali. his pnvLimaimn it, i\k 
Ouraysh. who ihen persecuted him and his followers as well a^i iiifnmiiiuon 
vn viura Jnd imiLcis of Jrhad. 

iHis(orians began lo write aenetal hismr>- book*< tnLludin^ Ihe ]i(\; of rhc 
JVophci tphulTf, llius satisfying thcii religion,^ inthiiiilion lo perceive him as 
nn vka] modd llhiI guidcince for Muslims. 

Biographers 

The Utsi Propheiic biographer? \verc: Urwah ihn ,i/.'Zuhayr ibn 
AI-'A\MAJii» fd. 9:: AKK Ah,ln ihn 'inhnifln lil. JOS AH), Wjihh ibn 
Muiuhbah {d. no AHl. Sh:irtiJhil ibn Ssi^d id. 123 AHl ]bn Shihi^b 
a7-Ziihri Id. 124 AH), and ' AbduMih Jhn Ahi Bati ibn iiit/in i.d. 135 AHl. 

Atl Owlr boofc^ ptrished with ihc; e\topi[on of ^omt' j^rrsi which wt-n- 
■ccaJlered rhmughout m:iin rpfcrences on hi^it>iy like Ai-J^liyrih book ol 
hLStory. Only a piet:e of Wahh ihn Munahbiib'^ hook js ciirrtnLly siureci m 
\ lunlelhiirg m Geimany, 

After Ihiscamc aroikr gentTaiionof hiograplit-r^. the most renowned of 
whkb were Musa ibn llLjhih uJ. 141 A?T), Mu";miini!f ihn Rjshid [d. i50 
AHi. and Muh^immad Ibn Isiiiiq id. 152 AHl. This gt^ni^niiion wjs fuTkwcd 
hy Ziyiiil ul-BiiUi (d IH3 AH). AI-WdqidT iUc iiuilmr of Al-MiiebayJ (d- 
207 AH). Ihn Hi^biini Id- 21tt AH), and MuliammaiJ ibn Su'd Ihc auihor of 
A!-X</Mi^.Jf (d. ^30AH), 

— cyD 



Tbe Biography b/ Ibn Ishk^ 

Of all Ihf aboip-c meniioned carTy biocraphers, Lhe bjogniphy wriiien by 
T1>T^ lshjq'''was t^e m;>^[ retii>wntd and highly dsxHiTrieiHed, He wrote in IbL" 
cjrK Ahhiisjd pcnod. It was s^id ihjl Um ishat] viMieil Al-.vianaiir in 
Baghdud. along wiih his son. AI-MjiIhIT. Al-Mansur Mid to fuin, "Do ^aa 
kijyw who Lhii tnm is. fhpi Ij>haq'*" '^in i^iinq rcplii:d, "Ye^i. hu' i'- your son, 
CammanJcr of ihe Bciicvers." He said. "Co, and wriic u ht>ok foi" him on 
ilic cic^iifin of Alhih 'iinLf Adam up to [hij> day" Ibn T*i^3q did as he v.\t-i 
lolc!. Then Al-Mjinsiir said to hrm. You have mads it ko bi^- thn lshJH|. go 
and '.linimiirizc it". Hi- did jnd the bcn}i. was sbi^lvcd in l\^c treasury- of the 
Ci>mmandci of the Bchcven. 

After half ii cfnriir>'H Tbn Hishnm'^' rewroic (his hjogriphy llirout;h oiit' 
;iL-tson. ZiyM Al-Butji'l'^ fbn Ishaq^ book, which he wrote, was not in IhC 
tonn ih:it ii ha^ Hxlay, This is because ibn Hi^hiini aaniirvtl Ihn IsMij'B 
biography of ilw Proplici tpt>uh> hy cdnltig. ubridging. nufcing additions, 
itfid somtiioics cmici7ing and objccurt^ [Tiroiii;h iUv n^rrnflions flf oiher 
schoUfs. He <vtfn ulilized p»il of bis methodology of OiirriiTion. 



I He 1* MuhamiiiiiJ (hi ixhiiq Itin Vinar ibi Khiyin Airf AMllLlli JiJ->linlaHl jl-QirapiTil. iBe 
.pimno il Qay^ rhn M;itP^Liim}i iha di-\4ijUiih^ ith Atul Wmif \\i% jrinml/nilrfr V:tL!lj <^^ n 
u^Bi^t ur'Ay^i 4l-'J'aiiii. jiiivi] Wcu ill Kiila im Ihc itl^ii* iKkp Ii *.ii^ ci»iu|iii'frd h> Mu*- 
ilnbdunrfj! t3tf lerpi It! fllui Hji;* in I-^ iMt Imyio^ InMwUni^. Hi* flnnJii"i -Mulianmiiid •■■*- 
lltim fn Bf AH Ntuluinuniiif tpem ht^ ciir]> >i'imh m MuJiiinlL Tlicft be hc]{sr invclmj' iinil Iv 
iiicraiDA[a^iiflJ''iuin 115 AH uhiai; tw *icie (itpoiil wmc l^ypiliint. AJii^rnard*. |]r iiavliIciJ k> 
taaay Ufoimt^ LLhuiiriirt mkIi q> KjJj, ASJozir^- Ai-ft-y;, Al-B.itrah. jitui EIj^iJj^ u^hcfu he 
■l>i^ Ln til? All ll^'AJiy>«.iii1.ibiiiJi Ibti li.^, 'ti wn ii ficaWmifc «l ltuils||4i| IhU h^.tvpn- 
oiKtYi kiogs :tiicniLiHr luhi^ik^ uhichini'lmlal itkE iniliiiiiv ;iiin|iLuyrei]f [liv ^1c>^fi^cr <i/ 'Kltah. 
f\n Mc&fj|ic- -inij lie be<mning ii( l^ie;i1 ilHl ' 

ZAhu Mi^n^uiiiBiJ AMul-MJih ibn I^Jiihum Ibn AiyttbiiL-HiinvDrl UW mJViILn AI^^qiiIi.TIigii 
tic ik'cni E<i l^^ipi i^hiTc lie ntei lipi^Ein Akb-^^ifL'iHiDJ nKknl imny Anituc r>i4riib. In .ttldrliunlii 
f,lii>np Ibn Is^i^'ib^^rjifih^, l^n Jlj^hH^ luiolf j tD>:li un lliulnlc^^ rihl trriflhip h^F Hi°^y^- 
jDVluihiftI wmli taimun.'tplJiLilHiniirLiiitlfrjr Arsfiii: ptJiuns- llcilicJ id Al-Fu^iiit 2lh AH. 

1 Hifiiiltit [LiHt AinJ MiiliLiJiriTol Ziyial ihn AWd-Milili itui 4 liJjvl dlbukJii al'Amiri al- 
KCn. Al Oul^'r A:4;rJKJ l« H^Ll BuU' rpf H^Jiir 'Amii- Ibn -S ■'■[.> -ih ^lyj.l MrtM k« Bilphbilid 
vJhTf lie ^ii^ilif nhiiui Enjlit.nv Ljm[ijr^i; rdJi^mn^ Ki Ihn Ihtl^il^ artd uEhcmhliijDEiOJitii^rcmnB IQi 
Muh^niHijJ iNi Slilim AIIctwhahI.*. he tdUiimHii Ku(ii whcfi- Ittlnxl in lH?IIL»iJ[innr ilv^ nj(f 
ur IliiTun iT-Rikliul Ihi ILklLini fibti] ^pircrfil rr^fii^niic IH Ehoi ilJL'iJih, .\^ lie loici m itn: (nn'v'di'l 
-m lii> b<M4^, 'I mmiicd wnv ihrn^B u:^rch circ rcpiklvivc in he BKJkliitiwJ M\mH kini, hirm: m|it 



Then: j> m» dmihi ilur fhn Htshdm W4s Moncsi und l\ni\ \k Lim^unncd iq 
!ii> cii^LkiD til Ihti Ishaii's bciok. He [K.■^cf c]uin«ctl or Jililcil a word o| Ihn 
Kil-i^ l^nU^^ he wii^ cApljinidy or rtffu[in& it uaniUioiK wlicn lu- wmiM refer 
ID jimiNJ.iricmion,l>> simmg "Ibn tLsbainvaid", 

His maih piirpow nf cirjng Ihrt Is^imj'* biography i^ui lo make an 
ahfidgnitfiiL Ho delor«i jN th^ii had been nienliontd bclW the liinlorj of 
Um:i IT liic strn of [brahmi (p/uctf Ur upon ihem hoih) ua wcl* a,N sioncs nnd 
informmjon of hmiVTI's saos wiucK in Eiis npjrion. did nor *crve tfm 
FVniihi^ib (phuhJ biography He also ellmin^ircj ali \hc long canirovoFsial 
ptx^ms. If anyone conipured M:c oripinjil ie\i of Ihn rshaq unj mn H^him's 
narriitinn. he would fmd ihiH he was vtr> careiuT and iMicrly honcsl. which 
uL'fe th;lnlvlL■^^ucsof il]L' Mii'.iim sehalaTi o! T^ji iimc. 

The Status of fbn Hfahdm*9 Blograpliy 
of tbe Prophet (pbuh) 

tndoubit'dly. Jhn kljaqi boot w,is and will comirjut- lo tic -a rr^jor 
rerercn<:efor rtudersof ihc Pmphtn'< (phuhi hiography. No f^ne plunged into 
[he life nf the Prophei Muhiimmnd (pliuhK wjthoui icfctung lo Ibn klj^'s 
hiiok jiMiniiiJiir \tiurceof mfomiuiroii. 

for a verj' long triiw ll>c brogrupliy ivriden bv Ibn Isli^M wlis known 
among ^holar?* ys iht; huj^fiiipby by Ihn Hisham because Ibu HisliaiLi 
njrmod and ediiod \i Ibn KljalqSn said. "Ibn HishTim is (lie otic who 
compiled ihc bio^aphy ol Iht \leis<:LigOf of Allah (phidij fiom Ihc biiiilcA 
anii .swiicv narrdicd by Ibn Isjiijq and U is ihc biograpiiy in rhe people's 
himds. known as [he biogrjiphy l>y Ihn HishiSra." This woiL WiL^ smdietl 
cnrefjJIy {ty coiumc-nlacots. For in.HiCancc. Abul-Qfl*,]m 'Ahdur-Rahjnln 
a&-Siihsi.vli''' iil. 5H I ) prtwrnt.'fl an eMen\ive jinniw:i(iur mf Ihe birtgrnphy m 
his book, .^r-/;rtfui/«/-4i// 

Airei ihis Abu Dharr aJ-Kliushjynf"' exiimineJ ihe hoot; by e^pl^uning 
fit? parii of ii that were iinLlejr, as vtell us pjovkling wnw crilkism in 

L, Al^rl'Q^iu Ali^iJi-lCdl^njln fhii AhtkiJEIli itir AlinuJ Ihri A.«ha^ ?l>-KrDiih^anl j«-SnJuiylf bI- 
AiulutWl D^^^all^|^ llPh*^fHinnn5flK AUjB\rklj|y>.Miili-|Lh. Ik ilKW iktcjran m Mo 

J. AhijiJi.iii. Mua.ih tm Muhkini'iiad Itiii M4tf»~£iiJai-jL^i uT-Klriitliayru. i'52-tCk) Kl>, n,ii fiomti 
iiIIji^ ^ItciJ KinixhJiyii m Adiddm. filwn n liftv 'Kin Oittlj oh H? nn^ hnm in 5^1 AH uid 
ainJinUUJAU 



Shark i'!^-^rciU wi-Nofniwiysiiff whith was puhlishcU hy Dr. Brontiluh^ 
BaiLvid-lJin Mulummnd ibii Aluiind ul- Aym prc^cni«] in fi<*5 Ali u 
ijojnnicnt^' callud Kvshi til- tAihUmti Shot iiSirvt thit ilt.iifow. 

'RiiTff \iac iiho oiliors concerned aT>ot!l sutjim arizing. Indudln^ 
BiiitJinuil-Din Ihrihfm ihn VlufiammaJ. knonn ys Thnut-Miuha] Ljsli-Shrifr? 
Whii Numirwii^^cil ilic bioj^raphy and .iiEdcd ih:ir whitJi wjs lackjn;: in 6^ i 
AU ill a ?wok calicd MliDhoyjirvh fi Mukha^ni iis-Siraii. Ahul- At^asi 
Ahtiiud ibn Ibrflhim ihn "AhLlcr-Riibn^Jir^ al-WisilL also sUmniarUcd ihts 
work in 7] I AH m a book cndllcd .Wj^iA^rt^fjr 5frt?//'''j M.v^wm. Mnreover, 
■Ihc biogropUy of the Prophcl <ptKih> t>y Ibn Hishum ^as composed into 
verNc fonn hy AliO Muhammad 'Abdul-' A^i/. ibn Muliammad Sjid 
ad-Dumayn ad-Dayrim wh^t djcd tn 663 AH. AbO Eakr Muliamitiiitl ibn 
JhrAhtm, known ^ Ibnuvh-Slian^d ^d. 793 AH» compiled it inio lea^ ol" 

llKrL[sa{tJ-^ of vcrSiN in Al-Ftilh at-Qai'lbJl SUul Af-Hnhih. 

Abridging the Prophet's fpbuh) Biography "by Ibn HlfiTiiin 

Hirly in my yokiih"' 1 niicniplFd sfivend limes tn i^;id [his venerable 
wort fmm hc^inniny lo ciiJ but I failed due lo ihe dhmrbjn^ digiESSion in 
writinc thui miide H Eire^ome, I reat! various passages dii^per^cd ihrougboui 
ii. which ucrc like meadows in a dtfscrL They Jiumcioti me bwaiisc of ibi- 
bCiHJlJfiil expri^iMon and |Ttc gloi;y uf iliairaim 

■NeveKh'elesv T felt, wtiil« reading tht: biography of the Ptophut (pbub) 
iKHBOihin^ of wliiil I enjoy in reading the Qur';in or ibe Proplici's liadirh^, of 
sincere worship and devolion. A ileep^ieaictl mouvaiion tlro\e inc i[j rcpem 
my cTTdeiivtTr* u> tuiid the biogmpJiy: luy fiohzv was iimong iliu^c who wrote 
abiiul Ihe Pr.jphcr^ ipbiihl biHEJi'^iphy. He abridgixl \i id a book of Lhiily 
chiip^un; cniitled Talkhi^ ad'Onh,- iil-AHtvtitiyyah fif-Sirttti 
nI-MiikiTTimiiiityy\ih (A Summ^ of Proliniinary Uvions in \ht 
Muliaiiimud'ii (pbubi Bio^nphy). which was for a long lime ihc only boot 
lo he ifliighT in the Sitnh cmirse^ of the reiigiou^ in^^tiiuiL-s in Ej^ypr 

llnuover. 1 uas raal capable of rejdmg ihi; u-bole book because, as 1 
trnvf niciilioncd, rlicie u; n diMnrbjng digrciSHin in v-riiing. The reader of 
Siniii cTiLOiiniers lon^ diapler^ ai nanios of i;»|Hivi^s of iIk Banle of Badr, 



eg)- 



Hiinrcs ol ttK hor.es of Muslims rn Ilifs Bml&. a tisi of ihe MtisJims wht) 
;Hi[:nUL'(l Uadrimm aEm)n^ Uk yuray^ti and fromihc Anfii^-l^n^s■e who were 
mdnyiud tm iliai da> jjiJ io on of lisUngSn prolix pociTLs. Icngihy lineage. 
wurJmcjis, and aiio intluding some Qur'driic commcniancs which arc 
|rreIc;v;»Fll hi tfie cort: of Sinili. In iiddition. chains of auihoiitict on Miiah, 
Shah >s bawd were spcHed oul v^'liicTi niighi ^^c irix>0JlHm otily for ^hch^|lal^ 

of criiicihm. 

In ihis; "ubndsmenr. I rricd lo eiinic-T cLrmcuts from (be onpiiul work (0 
present it in a new form Iha! is Jillosved Tor urintcrmpTL-d rt-aJing. while 
being cja-ful jbiml ihc originjl (exi so Thi; rcuJer toiild die il. I did nol 
replace a tt^a^r of ihe UTiijinul icxt so its [o be hurK-^i in performance, t 
refiffred lo Jbn Hisham'^ wordings in the bc^innmg of ihe subject or in 
ri^t'tpfitTi- bui ihe whok- lc^I i^ of \b\i Is^nq Jb njuTaied by Ibn Hishiim, I 
nieniioGcd ihe chjin of auihoniits only nhcn i[ wft\ indi^pcu-'Ub/c foi Hic 
siibjccr byqiioling whui had been rej-^ned h^ Fbn Ij:tj0q or Ihn llishiim. 

To make ibc icx[ cohcrtni. I imei-prcrirU ^^liM was ncciicU uf cnpljn;iJion. 
relying on acctvdired Sirnh commeniarics iind Iin^uiMiLc references. 
AbridgL'meiit is a kind of fjicililntlio/T for Ibose who are unable lo juad ihe 
origmiit ;irid ii scjvi^s (o linl [ixfa)"s youUi ru iheir hcfitaic, Allah wilJine- 
yt>u would be able ro read tbis h»oi: in a few days jnd acquire an inimedjntc 
t>:ndn. wh:[i' rcajiiig ilic ujjginai, if possible, would tutc a few jutiniiji.. 

1 asfc Allah lo msfc* Tliis tiook uscrul. at M is a small contrihuT fon to 
science, aiming for iSk sitisraL'Lii>n of AlJah ;Lnd ihm of ihe J^mphei, prayers 
and [>ca[:e be upon Turn. 



M^ral-J^did:]h,Mid-KamadHn U74 AH 



'/?M*i-&i£/» Jf^AMH 



<S>- 



The Noble Uncage 

(from Is^ubammad Ipbuh) eo Adam) 

Abu MuliiimTTiHid Ahtlul-Mahk ibn Hishrim Miid. "This is a hook on the 
hfopuiplkv lA [Lc Mc^^ng^r or Allah ipmihi MuhiimniJd ibi\ Abdullah ibn 
^Abdul-Muitalib [t^iillcd SlMvb-ihl ibn Unshim- [called 'Amrl ibn 'Abe! 
ManafMl^d AI-MuiJihab]ibiiQoa:kyy |c:i!bdZaydlibnKil,ihibriMiirrdi 

ftn Ka'^b ibn I.u'ayy ibn Gh.ltih ibn Rbr ihn M^lik ibn An-NaiJF ibn Km^j^ 
ibn Khu^aytiiiih ][yn Min-lrikub Icalled Aniirl ibn llNJis ibn Mudiir ibn Ni;c5r 
ibn Mii'jJdibnAdnin ibn Udd landii was^aidUdiid] ibn Miiqawwim ibn 
NilliLir ihn T-iynh ibn Yj'ruh ibn Yoihjub rbn Mabit ibn [Propheti Isnw Tl 
ibn iPiophLii Ihralnm |ih»^ Inrnnatc Friend of Allah] iHn Tirili [ynd Jiu was 
Aiuir[ rt>n Nalitir ihn Sfuiighibn Rj Ci ibn FiUiikli ihnAyb^r ibn -ShaiAb iim 
Arlaklj^hjdEi ibn Sim ibn iProphctJ Niib. ibn Lamk ibn Mutiusniifakh ihn 
Akbuukli [who wp^ luiid 10 be Ptophef Idrisl ibn Yard ihn Mahljy] ibn 
Qaynan ibn Y^ish ibn Shiih ibn AJatn tpiiub)." 

ibs tilsbflfr said. ^iwWl with ihe lietp of ATlah Ahnighiy. ^Tart thi^ bnot 
wttb tma"il ihe son of Ttw^hiin. ihv aiufsliir of ibc Messenger i>r Allnh 
iphuhK all the dcvcndi^nli lioAn W Ihc I^ophei ipbuhl menii&ning wTial 
was known about ihi:m Jind lenvmg aside the other sons of Ismi^fl for 
suTTimiiTi/^ilion ITius I will deal wiih wlinl is ivlevunt lo Qie biography of 
ihc MfS'^engcr of Albli (pbuhk I w ill ^l-'^o refriiin from ctnng .some of whul 
Ibn IsMil bad ei:aonned in tbi^ t^ook whidi did roi rijemion die frapliei 
fpbufi)* *>i Any indfviuii Qur'iinit vctw^. nor jncludc anyibing which is i 
reason, intcipri-iainin, or wimess fii:r^'ing this boolc Brides, 1 v/di wak the 
pcienis whicb TAere unknown to Iho^ speciaii^cd in pocOK jls ^oII a^ 
anything T^ipolvivcH iniss^atcmcnis of wjmc people and Minic Ihing?; wliidi 
uurc not ajmicn^ by Al-Bnka?'' W he nairaied. Ochciwisc I will wnt.: 
everything with the ^uidanc.^ of Aibh Afniigbiy so as lo nan-aic after him 
(Jbiilsh^q);indtomak(rii known. 



He wa ilie Ktchcr lif Ihn lllTitJiin aim iiii^'i\ilc^{ IIt^ libAq Hh mma h i^Lyini ibn 'AKinidh rhn 
ir-lorayJlAl.Bul:il. Medial III lai AH Al BuU' I* a JoiMttnl bram* flf BjiuI Ami i ibn 



o 



A Follow up of the lineage 

trrom tue Descendaau of ismi'Ii (pbtihj 

fanS^I. son of Ibrahim, had tivclve hofb: NSbh. Qaydsr. AdiihaJ, MJ^hi, 
hil^ikMu-S. Mfishi. Dimd. Adh;ir, Tiniil. YuiQra. Nabosh. aitd Qii\dliiim3- 
N3Iiil son of iMmTI bcgol YiL^hjuh u-lio be^oi Ya'nib who bcgoi Tayrah 
whK> bceoi Nahur v,lio bcgoi Muqawwim who faegoT [Miid uhn begot 
^Aiirtiin. Fmin \Adr>;irt. iribc^ were iTispcrsed from Isma il's line. ^Adnan 
hegoi two sons: Ma add anU 'Akk. 'Akk scnlcd in Yemen after niiinying 
frnm the .\ih'ijii people, so the hotite and language hccJtHC one. The 
Ash hript'opleu-crcdc^'cndcnistifAsb jritm?*JatiHhn l.'daJ ihn Hiim^ysr 
ibn Aau ibii Arib ibfi Vu-sli|uh ibn ZaytT ihn Kiihlan ibn Ya.'ihjub ibn 
VaCtub ibn Qahian, As fnr MfliiJJ. ihe other son of 'Adnan, he bcgu[ fiTur 
son^: Ni^^r, gMiljjli. Qansis, Jirid lyilii Qwsla^ah ucm loHimviif ibti Saba" 
in Yemen, and Qana^ uerc said to hjve pcrisbcd and all ihi- iHlii^r \rm?i of 
Ma' add, amoflg whoin lAasAn-NVniJn ibnnl-MundHir\sho w us (he king of 
lljr.dL 

The Vision of RabFah Ibn Na^r 

Rabi'ah ibn Nasr Ehf kmg ui Yemen sow a dream whicli icrrificd bjra. 
After Minding li?r all diviner^ M>ECcrejs. and fnnurnr-icllcrji. he lold ihcin, 
about il, 

Rabrah Miid, "1 saw a \1sior vhkb terrified aticT frightened me, so tell 
inc *Lbt>u; it'i imerpicirtiiun/ 

Thcv replied. "Tell itio u.'iand we will inicEprcr," 

Rabrah; "If 1 ipcll ii viil \o you. I will noi Uc\ saiisfied about vimr 
ifiteqireiaiiDiL No one will know its tnii:riirclation unJe^< iit knows n belort 
ticUhwi." 

One of ihctn: ~!( niir king wants thai, he can jend to SaiH] and Shiqq 
5ineenoonei&3sfcnowTc[|^eublciis ilic^ two totdl him wlmihcask':." 

He hrnught ihem hoili. Sjiib ma him before Shiqq. 



Kabiulv I saw jtlreiiiii wMch icirifjcd and fl^gh[c^Ed mc. ^ kll mc 
whdl it i^. If ><Ju arc rigiii ii kmwm^ it. >ou \^ill he aWJc lo gK*; the ri^ihl 
lEiLorprciiilion." 

Saiili: "l will Uu- Von saw u blaze Loniini; out fioiti rhc djjrkjw^b, Ic-ll on 
iin Ciirth Jcpri:.h^ion. and au aH skulls/' 

Kahi iih: "YoLi arc rigJH Sayh, xo whui is your inn;i-|]remioji?" 

SuEih: "E swear thu[ the Ahy.vsimajis W|lj ixtupy your lund and seize 
from AbyainoJurashtiwu Vcpcm lowns)." 

Rjibrah' "O SaTTh thi*i h ragiri| and painAil. when wi« it be? Will il be 
during iLw iimt or alicr inc 7" 

Smiii: Aftttyouriimc by mureihan srxiy or seventy years!" 

Rahraji: "Will their rcign coiHmucur will il end?" 

Salili: "U will end afu;r more fhan seventy, then Ihey svill be foughl and 
C]tpe[led and ftill Hec." 

Riibrah: "Then w]io will suctetd ihem?" 

Saiija: "Eratnibn DhtYa/an who wiU tame &onj Aden lu expel (hem iiH 
littm Yf rticp-" 

Rubt^ah: "Will his n?]grt continue or will il endT" 

Rabrah-^WhowHItndU?- 

SiiLib: "A thiiNie Pfopl^tl who will be inspired from rhe heavens." 

KuIjI uh: ' W]]o is ihii I'rophci?" 

Snflit "A descendani of Ghillib ihfl Fihr ihn Wfllik tbn Aa-Nudr. nnd Ihc 
n!lc wilJhcby hispi^ijplcuniil tlie end olihe world!" 

Rahrnh: "U there an end for the worU?" 

SoiTh.: "Yo5. when Ihp people ot earlier lirrieA nre h[T>iiBl»i wjfh ihose of 
Itiier limes. Thi; fyir-doei will be happy, uhile rhi? wrongdoer will suffer" 

R.^brah; 'Isiltfiic Whaiyoii art saying?'' 

5;iiili; "Yes. by iwilighi and dusk and daybreak when ii comes, what I 
am inforrning i^ tnic/ 



When Shkfq c:iifit\ Wk king Mil him what tie tad wfd Suiit! hu[ \\c 
toncu^ilud wbiu Swiili hud said, as a? tn sec uiieihcf they wotild iigrc*; or 
dirtJgrcc. 

Shiqq: "You saw ;i blaae coming ooi Ttom the darkness, fcTI hclwcci? a. 
jTic^h™' jnd liiU. and mc all people.' 

When t)e told him this, he knc-A tiwi iitey agreed iililinu^h SafiJi said 
reU on anc-iilh dtrpres^iua und mo all stulL" and Shi^q sitid "fell bcrwircn 
u incadou iind hill, und Mc idl pcijpJc-" 

RaWah: ''Youdarinrefr. Shiq*!; So^liai «your interfircrmionT 

Shiq^: "I su'car by all pifople. you( htnd will be occupied hy Hacks whtt 
will vanqursh \i* tlic fin^i-r Irp*;. They will donunatc fioin Ahi;in [i» Njijriin" 

Rahr:ih. "0 Shi^q ihjs \\ fagirg jtiU painful, wlicn will il he? U'dl ii be 
during L[i> luiv or ;ifier qic?" 

Stnqt^; "Nd alter yt>u for ji period of lime, itkn yonfi.c. yournaiionl will 
be rescued by a paw^rrful norablc person who will suffer disgriice and 
tiumihalioiL " 

Rabriih: "AVTio is ihji mHi*hk7"' 

Shifiq: "A boy, not siouE nor mean, will c<>iiie Irorn DhQ Yu/an 
hi>iihchold imd will npt leave anyha^y uii^■c^ ia Yemen." 

Rahi^ah: "Wilibi^ ni!e cnniiniic orcndr 

Shiijcj: "h wilt irnd wilh Ihe mWem of n n^vTnled Mfj>scn£cr uhn u-ill 
conK with tniM] jnd lusnee among ihc people of religion ;mii graec. Power 
villbe mtJhe havids) of hi.s nation unli! ihc Day of sonmgoui." 

Aahroh:-^^ is ihc -Day of sorting ouir 

Shiq*i; 'A day when ihe rtilpr* wiM be recompen^^ed, SLipp!ii{itium> will 
come froHi l^- heavens heard by ihosc a\[\c anJ dead, and ^dl wiH be 
broLi^hi cogeLlicr far an appointed Jime, when those whi> were piou.s will 
uiurnphiind huve charhiiblcbcncni.v" 

Rabfah: K U Uin: w]i,^( yiiu are saying?" 

5hiqq: "Yes by the Liinl of henvicn ami i?3fjh. and what iistcnd*; and 
deMZL-njtLs in.hcP*'eeii rhcni. wliai I aaninlbrming ytiu t>f is uiKl<MibTnlly ihe tnith. " 

— CI> . 



Rnbrah ibrj Na^ believed whji ihcy (Suiih and Shiqif) Miid, >tt he 
cqmppod his hou'^hcild Xo go lo Imij. He ^ni a li^lcr ID u Ptir!>i;Lri king, 
Sabur ibn Khurirad, njiil lUcysiaycJ inJlfrah. 

Seizure of Yemen by Abu Karb Tubdn As * ad 
-And his jpvadlng Vathrib" 

Whi-'ii Haj>l all ibii NuN[ dicU. ilic icigii of Yemen fell [t> HiLsvfln ibn 
Tuban Asa d< known as AbG Karb, His fai.htrr. Tnhun A^'ad \vtnl his wiiy 
frrtm ihc Eitti to M;»djna^ (Ynlhrib* hnr ho did noi Mlack iii people, 
however, he left hjs stm theit wtn) wa.s a^*iasyiiiaied- Tlicn. lie conquered 
Ihc pltut ont:t ntorc wiiti ihe mifnncti to Jemolish nnd iinnihiiatc ii. A 
■gioup of pt'oplf b<;;[dcd by 'Ainr ihn Tflilah were caihticd tor him juid ihcy 
fought eacfi other m MatlJnah. The Ansiir said Thjil diey used lo liphi hini ai 
dnytiiiK and host hint ui night. He ilkcd ^ihat ;iiid sacd, "By AlluA. ilicsc 
people itic gcncroui." 

Whilt Tubrin As"ad {aki> called Tiibba'l was fighting, iwit 
knOH-led^cablc Jcwi^li Ejhbb ivlu* w-crc rirml^ irsiablbbftJ in kn^jwlcdge 
and tiicA thai hi? wisnicd lo iinnibilflic Mudinah Ofxd Us people. Aiid to him. 
"O kms,. do noi do ii. If y^*T «fu*c there vtdl he an inierpoAiijon bciwfi^ji 
y<>u and U jMcidftiahJ and wt* arc not ^ure ibjii you may bf inimcdiiitely 
pimisbcd." He asted Lhem. "Why thLsT TI«y replied, "h is the place of 
Immit'ratiun S(>u^hl by a Pmphei wh*^ will coine from the Inviolable placid 
(in MakkahJ fmin the Q^itysb in ilw liiiter pCfiod'^H t" h:ive ii as hi^ liniiic 
:tnd senlcmcni," 

He stopped what he wa*. doinfj. as lie found ihc Iwn rabbis were 
know ledge J bio. M^ w.i-i pkjsmi witii Uicir wufdi, so lie Icil MudiJiab and 
LTinvcritii 10 ihii* Kligit^fi. 

tubba' und hit people hM been idol wofslUppcB. While they were 
heading (o Makkah on thci; way io Yemen, bciwcen Usfan and Amaj (:; 
luwn hciwi^cn Makkah and Madimikj a ^roupof lludhayl ibn Mudrjkab said 
lo hull. "O k.ing. may wjl* guide you i.i> a hon<e of [reiisury dLsrugardcd by 



Kings hcfori: jw whiclv ccnEJins |3o;jils. ^itjuiuiuifiHc, cprunUuiii, ^ulU, ^rnJ 

TLbba':"Ves:' 

The group: "'A liousc in M^likah whicli ib woi-shippcd by i^s people 
where tlwy oiler prayers." 

In \hh way. those of Hudlutyl wanked to gel rid ol him, since ihcy k[iew 
lIiui wtLiebcvi:r king wmiicJ lo own Lhc hou^e i^r ivrannizc iLs plucc, ua.^ 
doomed io dc^iiiL Tbc king Jtsk^d tiic rwo mN>r^ nbout whai uq& Lold lo biiB. 

Rabbis: "They want lo ^ci \\d of yon and your soldiers. Wc know thj( no 
one c^n liuvc ihc llou^ of AILih on carlh. If you loltowed (hem you wmilil 
Oefinirdy pi:rivlj as well as all wlm jie with vou," 

Tubbfl': "Whjl do you iuggcsi me lo do when 1 reach il?" 

Rabbis: "Ho whai it*; people do: circumumbuTuic around ii and glorify ii. 
be Eencrous there, shave yair heait, and yield Ui ii until you k-wx." 

Tnbba' "Wha[ prevent* you bodi from Ilmi?" 

Rubbis: "Bv All.ihi ii is the House of our father Ibrolmri and it is as we 
lolii you but ii.s people inirrpi'S^ii between u^ Jnd ihi^ Houm; by the idols 
lliey stiiUiiQeJ urnund ii and iho blo^ (boy shed iheic. Tticy arc uu^ufi; 
jjituple jsiottoi^n^ oiltefi wilh Mlah-"" 

Believing in the slnceriiv of iheir discourse, he followed iheir advice> so 
wlK*n confronted lhc ^oup of Hudhayl he ciil off llicir hands and legs. Then 
he reuehcEt Mukkuh. He iJiruntumbulLiiod the House, saehilced U^re, and 
'ihjiveil his liciul- He '^pciu aix duvF> leI M^ldi^ socriflijuif lo iced il:» pcopb; 
uud gavi? {hem to honej dritik He &:iw i\ dream ihnt he- covereil the Hau&e 
rwith dmh). Tbii^. he coveted il wiih ver>' thicl clothi l^en he drcami thai 
heshouTdcoviffii wiih a belter qujiliiy. so he covered if wiUi Yenicni cloTh. 

[r was said that Tuhba' wjs the first in cover the house. He charged hi* 
followers of Jurhum 10 dean iticm?ielvcs- noUo appmacb ii with til oml, dead 
hodies. or any filthy itcins, He nwde a ijjie a^d n key for i[. Taking his 
soldiers and the xwo raW>is. Jic Icfi Mukkah lo Yeint'n He called his people 
m Yemen lo jom his new religioji, ITicy refused lo do so unless h^ .^lands 
before the .utvlimnon of \~>k. 



In YenKn lllcy u^cd li) see iht arfvilrJlion of fire in caW or lin^ 
diffcrcHL^O' ihcv iKlicved Ihjii it cnis up ihc Eippr<."i^nr anJ doe^ not harm ihc 

ijpprcy^itd. Hcncif- hi.*; people caine wLih Ihtir iiIoEk Lind M'hai ihcy used w 
^iiuil^'f m iheir religion- The rwo rabbis pui [heir itiL>ly) hoi>h> on their 
necks sitiing hy ilii^ fiie frijin which i[ would cincfge, Whtn [he fire 
appruiithcd ihvin. ihcv Ificd tu aiuid il oiil. of fear. The ;t[ii:ucTiii^ pi:opk 
bliiTTicd ihcin and iiild ihcm to he palTcni. They held palicncc ihcn ihc fire 
,aic up dii: idfils ^tid things Ihul \tisy hnd sacrificed for [hem, ipi uell n5^ nifn 
from ihc people nf Uimyar who were Lurrying ihem. The iwo rahbis wiUi 
ihcir htK>k>. uppciired pejspirin^ hv\ the fire did nof hanri them. Smce then 
llK petjpk i>r JJiniyar cununcJ lo (rtie rabbr*'! religion, und Ihiii wiiri ihc 
beginning of Jviduism in Yemen 

When his ^n UAssim ihn Tub/m A^^.id hi:e;LrrK king, he urged die 
Yements lo conquer tlic lunJji of hirth [he Arab'i and non-Arabs, When ihev 
reached Ihc lundor B^tmin. the Yemeni people did miiw.innnconiiniichiii 
ilcsin;d [i> rcium n» tticir eouniry. They rciioned n» £la>^^an■^ hroiJier, 'Amr. 
who was jiiming rhcnit urging him io fcill his broibcr tHa:isiui} imd take over 
[ho rule :md relL}iii v^ith Kh&ia ui Yenien. All agived u iih die idej except fc^r 
Dhu Ru\iyn Ql-Himyitn v,'hv Rn^itde him from Ehm, hui he did m>i re^spond 
lo him. Dhu Ru'iiyn mtolc on a patthmcni [liai Ainr woukl fie deprived of 
sleep btvause of \[\i beirfly, Ihui he sealed ihe p:ipei anJ gait ii to 'Anir. 
A^erwuTii^/Amr killed M^'^^'intireEumedto Y.i:;nienw4bhuianny. 

In Yemen Amr vas deprived nf sTecp and became ovciTshe lined hy 
insomnia. He ^skcd d^>eior\, diviners, and seefA. and urte of them said to 
hini. "By Ailufi no one Tyrarmjcaily kiflcd his hmtlier or jny of his blood 
rclaiivc* like vou Jid hot wns dcpnvcd of s1e«p ant! overiAlicTmcd by 
in^jjnnUJ" When he hciiid ihai. \x k.illcd every person v-'ha bud iiiciied him 
10 kill liK brodier ILaasdn, until a came EuDhG Ru'avnr 

Dhil Ruayii: "I have an ■A:q^hIul J'lom jo,«J" 

'Amr:"Whaiiiitr 

Dhfi Ru'iiyni "The written parehmenl J gave you." 

Whun hi: iMi-iugiu ri oui unil Tcad [fic woid?* on 11, he knew ihui he hatl 
advi,^d t^im Uiuoiigh bix predteiion). 



'AfVir died and ihe Hirayjir kingship dcdincd and its peyple dkpcrH'd. 
Thcn a man. who was nol ftoin the roviU household, enwr^ed. Hi* name was 
Liikhfliiyah Vaniir DhO Shann^nr. He killed Ihe gmifl people ajuong (hem 
ujLU aV*lJ^c1l ilii; Luyjl pcuplc. L^kJiLUV^Jli wjs litHHOJvCXUJl. Ik vzili to 
ZuruJiDhu Nuwls Ihi; ^onorTuhTiii A^ii'd, xhc bimiiurol idu^i^an. He w.J^ j 
^ounu bov vvhcn fl:i>;.';an was kill^ mid tvuiimi* an inicUi^ni und banJ.soir^c 
^'Oii[iiT TFuin When Ihe ntessengi^r (aC L^khnziy^ah) camp lo him, he knew his 
putp'J'i^'- Hl' \\ea\ [o him, hiJing a kiiifc between his shoe and his foot, and 
being ulone, he jumped on him anJ killed him wiih (lit knife. The people 
Wild to him. ^No one will nik ot bm you- You Jwvc sjvi^d us from that 
vicioLis iji^n." 

He hro'iighl llit jliniym kingship h-ick lo rule the Yemeni irihtfs for a 
long lime. He was iIil' latii ting ot Hinijyi artd he wiis ihe nuker of the pit. 
In ^iijnn. rherc were people; ftf griiceand honesiy and who were Chh-^iianfi- 
Tliey were led bj'Abtiiilljh ihn Ath-Thanur. Dhii Nuv-fls wcjil lu ifviii wiUi 
his soldiers lo force ihi^ni \o cpnven inio Juriai^ini, E-lavmg refused [n df> so^ 
lhc?y were thrown silifo into a large pii where a grpar fir(! hid hcen iiL He 
also killed oihets by ilw sworJ. Aboui iwenty tbou^LinJ were killed, 
inclutling their leader 'Abdullah ibn athThamir, The Qur'an rcfcpi lo ihis 
uvijnt: 

4Curseil A'tfrf rhe peopft^ rfihe ditch- fiti^ suppiied fahiimiiiuiiyt ^ilh 
Juet when they iOi ^y it {ftr-eh and rhfy niinrmed what ikey •yvftv lining 
a^iiinxtihe hctievcrsfi-^- hitmfr\g llifriil They fia/l nothing ttfiiiinyUlieni. 
eitepi ii\iv Ihey believed in Allali. the Atl-Mighiy. Worthy of all 
Fralset^ 

|AT-Btinij;4-Sl 

The AbyssJnlan Vtciory over Yemen 

One of lliCiti fi^. ibc ChriMiiins of Nujiaa). eallcJ Duw^ t^hu 
Thu lubJn, i,lippfd away on his horse and raaehet! Uw Roman E^mpcror 
where he i^fught suppo:! against Dhu Niiu-as anil his s^^lJiers and (old him 
whiit ihiiy had made, "Hk Roman Emperiir told him that hiseounlry w;w far, 
so he wouTd ^\'riic to the Abyssim^in king who was Chrisunn as well and 



riiore utlfactni lO Yemen, Daws w.'cat tn The N^us Ithc Abyssinian King) 
wilb llic Einpetoi-> leEier lo suppon Daws to gar vkmry and lake revenge. 
He iciumL-d to Yemen wiih ihe help of seventy thotisand Abys^^iniur 
warricifs irnilcr iht Icudcrship of AryiiL AmonE ihe wairiur* w:is Ahr^bah 
ul-/\;hriim. Ar\i^ WL-m hh wuy ihHiugti ihe sej until lie rcJioJiJid ihc Yemeni 
siiOics. When they mci UJici Nuw.!* iiptl hi?- Ycmcm adhen:n(\. Dhu Nuwils 
n^alwcd ihut he svjulii be delcated ^o he dircnied hii horac to'varJ^i ihi; ica. 
ffll inlii ihi- tt'^ifcr Lind ilrowiii' J. Aryai was granted nik-oviT Vsjiiicn. 

The Dispute between Aryat and Abrahah 

Aryiii spent ycais nn (he Thrown of Ycnwn, Abrahuh tlispuied with him 
iivor Ahy^MmJln niaticni in YciUL-n umiE Ihv AhysMnians becunic- disunited, 
wiih a stciion ^lU^ncd Locach of ihrni. Tlicy wiire inciied against each iiiJwr 
Whon tlie iw<r ^n^Lips dppn>itclic(] c^ich oiLH:[.iind [tun Abtiihah h^m tu 
Aryiit 

Abrahah: 'You wHl not Vficfit if ihe Ahy^siniuns falT agarnsl caeh olher 
Hi Ihc pijini of fxii^rmmanon. Come, and let us duel each otht-r. EIk winner 
ml[ havt ihc ivjiriuFSofihe Plhcf." 

Abraliah, a iEi>li, shEifl rmn. coofl^nfcd Aryili. a handsome, luighiy. and 
tall man earryine a bayonet. Hchintt Ahrahah stood a lad caUciI Aiwadah lo 
jiupport ]iis back. \r\-^i ilirew the bayum;* ainung m ilic (up of Ahrahahs 
iKod bui ii fdl on his f^irchciid slitting hUcychnsv'. eye. noiie. .md hp. ThuJ 
IB wily Ke was dubbed Abrahah al-Ashrjm (Abmhah the SNi). 'Aiwadsih 
alTackcd Aiv^i from the bjH:k and killed liitn. Altai's ^cldiI;F^ Joined 
AbrahahX. and ^o an Aby^siman imifit^jjion emeigcd in Yemen, 

The Story of the Companions of Ihe Elephant 

Abrahah built a chureh wllt\l Al-Qullyas in Sai/a' that had no 
Ci]uivaleni in i^ titm: on <^arlh He M:ni to The Ncgus: "1 hbvt hiiill for you,. 
O king, A cJiutLli :m c'qtiivitk'ni of which tias never hi^en huiJt for any king 
before you. I wiU do my he^ii in make ihe .Aiaba peifoiio piA^iiOiiye Ht it." 



When ihc Anibs knew abbui Ahriihah'f^ fcno" to the Nceua. ^me '>f ihe 
cakndar JnECfcalarors"' goi angry. He wcm m Al-Qullyas. urnaicd tlii^rc 
drill K'tumcJ borne. Bting inlormcd iboui [his cvl-mi. AbTah^ih asked. "Who 
didh'Hewaianiiwcretl, "HcrtunAnibof [haieof Ihc Hon^e (ite Ka'hahl 
lo which people pcrUitnj piJErtnugi;. win;n he iv:ax<i about yiKir ^ivmti [ 
will i^iakc ific Afibs perforni pJigEimaec lo ii' Ik was infuriaicd diid ulImhicU 
■in IT n>:ihnw Ihai ihis place wa* "net eligible for pilgrimage." 

Abr^ttiuU wa^ ccrra^ecl ^iml svorr lo nmn.^ ^nd demolish jhL iloUhC. 
After cqui^ipinj; und dcpJovii^g ilic Afivi^iiiiiins, Tie inaichcJ viiiU soldiers 
hit^'in^ c-lephani.s p'linimg icwiirds; ihc Hmisi:, T\ts Amh^ heunl *ibuul 1hu> 
^ndwciu ii'nificd bul io.'^isiedon fighung iht uppruatjhingunny. 

^ Ytimcnl n&rafete called DhO Nafr iiistlgaied His people and other Ariibs 
lo fighl a^LnsI ^iid rL'^^tmin Abi^ahah fmrn hii^ attack und pbn [i> tkmoll^ 
.^ InvioIaMc Hou^e. Hmvever. when ihey fouphJ Abnibiih, ihey were 
defeated and DhiJ Nafr wa> lakcn ciipiivc. 

Pursuing Ilis litreci. Ahrihah rea<;li[;J ilie Tofld ^r Khaih'am bui wi\ 
lesisied by NLif;iyl ihn H'^^^ib LibKhiiih'ymT wiv* led tbe Aiiih Iribes. Again 
!flbrah»h vanquished him and ;o4)k him e;ir]n\'e. Afterwards he released bim 
and iLsed him iis a glide. PiisMtig by Tk'if. Miis Ltd ibn Mu'jirib iimonj 
oihcrs Imm ThwjTf snid lo Abrahah: "O kirg. we are your slaves, obedient 
In \on, Eiuv^ng nit disagree men I with yuu. This house - ihcy mcurl AJ-Lill 
(aji idol 1 ■ IS not wU^il you are seeking, you want the House in Makkah. We 
will send with you stimeone lo j^uidt^ you," TliL'y ^nt Ahu Righ^l m a guide 
whij ateompynied him lo Mupbamma-s (a pla*:e near MakkalO wficre AbQ 
Righnl died and was buried. Abmhiih sent an Abyssinjjin called Al-A'iwad 
ibn M^if^ud by horse \o Mukkah, He robbed the Qiiray^b ^nd oiber Ifibes 
tocTudiiiE iwohundn^J c a mel^i belonging lo^Atxiuf-Muitaltli. who was i)n?n 
master 4>f ihe Qt«aysh. Quiay.'ih, Kin anah and HudhLjyl and a1^ who were in 
And iuound Lbe Invinlablc HoiiAc wuniud to fjghl him bui they n^ulii^cd lhi;y 
would nol be ;lble to. 

Abiahah xni HiinSl^h uJ-Hi'i»yarr lo 'Abdul-Muiialib, with a message 
saving Uiur Iw did noi v^-jm war rviili (Tic people of Makkyh. Hl^ nntv wym^^d 



'L Tlif irrTcirjlDiiin wen Lhnu w|w uied ru adjlnr pRirsM utd'ucnd' Tnaialn ill ihepitf' 
ItliiriK^ liiiie 



lo desuDy iIk House, -^o if [he people of Mjkk^b did noi try to slop him 
„fn>TTT dcsttT>ymg i\, ihcre wouki he no rci:tl Il» ^hi. Abrahiih iiskcd Hunaiali 
lo sw "Abdul-MimaJib in fii^e lie drd mitnil lo fighi him. AbduI'Muualib'ft 
answer Wiis, 'fiy Alliih. wc iJo ni'i wa.iir u> Ti^hi him; wc ^.diimu jcmM him. 
1'his l^ Allah's Lnviobbli; HLtu.su, which wiui biuK by HL*^ liiliniLitG Friciid 
ibraliioi. If He prevents him fn.sni rt, il ii His House and Shrine, antl if Me 
allow*^ him. fio wc cannoi prevepT him.*' 

'"Ahtlul-Mtilliilib and same of his sons wenl wiih Hunaijh uiiiil ihey iiiw 
SomB enemy »U3ldJers. ^Abddl-MuUalib n^^tcd iihoui iJhu Nafr. who wa** hi^ 
fricrjj. He vjsikd ^im in pnsQn. 

Abdui-Mjjitiltb, "O DbiJNul'rcan yixinoi hi:tp in whaLha^ happt^nqd?" 

Dtfl Nafrr "^VhaT tiaJ i>f Iffilp ciin ihcrc he froni ii ciiplivc in the hands 
of:* king, wjitfng in he k'lllnd miJrnin^ ttr^venrngTIheR l^ nolhmg Icjici do 

icff you hui I Will send [oAnls. ihe i^lephunt nder. *hD isafncndolminc. I 
will rscnmmend Ihat ynu med the k'mg and lell hjm whalc^cr you wanu Jind 
lo inlcrccric Tor your good, ilhccjin." 

■'Abdiit-Muiialib: "1 hopewj." 

Dhi^ lyiiLrHfjt.iO AnIS. 

DfiG Nafn "AbduT-Mu^ahb h ihe mns^cr of Quiaysh and owner of 
MskbuhV inklc ciiravaim. [h: ftL-d^ ppopic in the pbin and be^Ms in ihe 
mountain The kin^ took iwd himdreiJ ciinsels from h'in\. Gcr him n 
permission m mcei him, and inii-rccde for hjs ^ood wiUi whjlcvcr you can." 

Antji: "i wiildnm" 

Ai]Is spnke lo Abraiuih, 

Anisj "O king, here is (Kt- niiL^icr uf Quniysh ni y<mr dn(»r who wanw 
your pcrmis^mn (o cniA^r. He is the owner of Mikkah's iradi: Oiuavanr*, JHc 
fecils pci>pk in ihe plsin ,ind hflasis in ibe monntjin. \je\ him a^k you :ibt>ut 

hisrctiucht." 

Abr:ihyh ;ilIoHA'cd him to enlcr. 'Abdul-Miiiplib was vi^ry hund^umc and 
mi^hiy, WItcn Abrdhnih saw htrn, he piar.sed him and ulJowod liim \o sil 
uiyJcf him since ht? di'^likcd i[uii Likc AbyssiniiUi^i see huii Mtiing on ihe o:wal 
ihTi^nc beside hun, so he lei him sit on the caipcr and he sal doi^n beside 



-G>" 



hjm^ \k loid the inurrprckr lo ask hini \ihm: his n.i[ut;AL ^AbJuI-Muualib 
replied, "My request l^ lo have kirk rny r*o hundrcJ tanicis which were 
lufccn ['rom luc." When Ehc- iHTtTprc:cr u>IU him hi^ request, AbEuhjh 
cumiyandi'd hini lo ^ay ed iuni. '1 was iniprcs>e*l when I suw ytju; nthw I 
|]:ivc JiFsr inlcreST in you ai'u^i t^ilklng lo ttil*. Arc yuu a,sking mu ahuui thu 
twu hundrcil i.'amol& whiLh 1 Uavc [Ann ijndxuyin^ nnrkm^ :ih(mt rhe Hnast? 
thai roprc^enw iiKir n^ligion and [hi.* religion of your lOTefaL^orK whtch 1 
ha\c toniL" to deitn>yV" Abdul-MiftUi^ih rephed, "1 am the ownet of the 
cami'k aiid ihc Hoa^iC has un Owner Who v^iii defend it." Abrahah rt[>!icd. 
"Nrjihino wjii Mop rae!" "Abdiil-Mtmalih ^yid, "Wc shidi we." 

Ai\cr laking hiscumcl^ hack, AbdiiJ \hi^;dih remrncd lo [he Qui^ysh 
and iuformird them of Ahr^ihiih s iriieniion He ordered thcrn n> It-ave 
Makkiih seeking shelter at ihi: top I'l Ihi: mi'umym'i so as to avoid aiiui'k 
iteni thr: iumy, VAbduE-MuMulifi held (hu fcnotkcr tif ihc Ku'buh und 
suppficaTed to Allah wi^b a gmuji of ihc Qurajsh lo give iJitm victory over 
Abmhnh nnd his ^aMit^n- 

I'hcn they stMi^hl 3iii\;:Ly in (he mounUirii^ wailing for wluf AbraTiah was 
gojEig lo do in Makkah^ In die rniMTiing. AHruhuh profeedEfd in MjkL;fb, 
mOhili/j:d Ih^ army, and prepiirud Lhc cIcpkiM Ehat wo^ ctilkd Mahimld. 
Abiahah had decided lo reitirn [o Yemen aficr dcmohshing the Ka^biih. 
When Ihc cEephani was ptnnicd ktwards MakkaK, Nuhiyl ibn jiabib 
whi-sp^rcd in the elephjiu's ear, "Kneel down or gii biwk to ivhta- you have 
came. Yon an; in Jhc hMoIabk town nT Allah," When he leff his car. Ihc 
clcpliimt kncih di>wn. Nufayl ijuickly cliiuhLd lite mounLain. TIil uuups bijL 
ihc ckphaai vo laakc il gei up bui ii. wuuld ni>i: cliey be;iL iis head wiih iron 
t^\, but il wf}ulii not ^et up Whenever they rnntle if Taef iitwiinl>i Syria <ir 
Yemen it woald imnieilj;ttcly gel up and ^itjrl off. Ihcn .suddenly hirds Ifke 
swa^ows j^fid starlings came t'roin the sc,i. and with every bird were tlirec 
Icnlil-hke and chickpea- like ^IoncJ4, one in ils beak av\4 iwi> in t{^ i:la\v^. 
Evcryi^tic whii wa> liil by any of they:? nIdocs died. Th*ist! whtV wi^re not hii 
flctT, htii on iheir s^'ay back, itiey were falling down anj dymg. Ahraliah was 
affected in hi:^ body luid died. 

Ibn Ishaq said. "Wlien Alliih sent the Prophet Muhammail (pt Jh). it was 
a gicai hlcv'irif; (?f Alluh !"> ttJuni un ;he QLii£dvsh ihai He iiiivej iheiii iVom 
ihe Abysj^Lniiin^r. Allah ih*: AJjnighly says in die Qur'an, 



<H> 



4 tiavryit {O ^tuiuimm<ni} ni'i ietn h'ln yoar Lfftidenii wiih slit On-n- 
tn tif tl\i' EUpSmns:' Dtii He tftA mitkc ihcir pfm ^tt iisitav.' Atfif jfnr 
fiCtiimi thrm Imh. ii\ fJtfJix strikiitfi iliern w/i/i itoiiFi vf Sijji/. And 
ri'Uilc rfi^m likt iin,tniptyfif-liJiif.ttaIKi (f-f n frich /li^ cam fins htmeaien 

The Sons of NizAr ibn Ma'add 

Ni/iirihr Mj\iiIU licgol rhrec ^in?.; MiiJjr. R:ih?'jh, ;md Anmiir. VJu^ar 
ba^oi Iwo wms: \hl\ aiul Avian, llyis bc^m \hr&i w>rtv Miuliikiih, 
Xiihifchuli, und Qanmnti, Miitlrikyh bcgci iwo son^: Khu/^aymah and 
lludhnvJ, Ku/.avniJih Imgrn four 4on^: KiiiiinTili, Asad AsMtLjh, and Al-HOn. 
KiDimli bcEor lour soni: An-Nadt'''. Maljk^ 'Abd MaoilL anff MilkCin. 
An-Njidr bcgoi two sons: Malik and V^ikiilud. Miilik begot Fihr. Hihr bcpoi 
four KOiLs: CtiQlibn Muli^jjb. Al-HnrJLh. and Asad- GItalib bc^o^ [wo soitj^ 
LLi'iiyy and Tayiii. Lu'ayv bcgciL four sons: Ku' h. "Amir, 53iiiiih« ond ^Awf. 
Kij'b ht'^fH three soni: Murnih* Adiyy, and Husajih. Moniih bcgtil three 
sViRs: KHih. T;iym. and YBqazjth, Kilflb Iwgot two suns: Qu.sayy mid 
Zulir^ih- Qusiiyy bepol four ?ions: "Abd Manal, Abdud-fJar. \'\bidu|-'Uzzil, 
nnd 'Abd Qusuyy. Abd Manaf begot fdur ^n^: Hishini, 'AhJ Stmni^, 
Ai-Mfi^ib» and Ni\niil 

The Children of ' Abdul-Muttalib Ibn Hashim 

tal Hisham said- " Ahdul-Miiitalib ibn Hlshini \tiigo\ \cn sons, and six 
dangbicrs Al- Abbji>. Ham/ab, "AhUullflli, Alifl I^llb. Az-^tMiyr* 
Al Hflriih, H"jl- Al-Muquv-wim, Dirar, AbQ Lahab [his nnmc was 
'Abtliii-TlTZiii: Safiyjah. Umm Hakim Al-RaytiS". 'Alikah. [. mnymah. 
Anvil, and Barruli. " 



1 Itm lljtA^ Wd fJiul rtii ^JUr l^'Jnr?vtJllfllvhclmoffln^n^^■?l^»np^oOu^J^■^bdl^l^o«:[HIl' 
>Jlla fih Ikrc dti nm nis>riuiLJLiiliriiFiljiihnM|i4rk*(K>i«C>lniyiihi 



The Parents of the Prophet (pbuh) 

'Abdulliih ihji \Abt!il'Muiia]ib heg<* Jhe master of nil ihc chiUren of 
Adflip, the Fr>phi;i Miihanimud, pruyci:i. pt-^ct. mcity, and bk>-si[igs from 
AUah be on him ^ncl hh iiunily. IKsmoihcr: Aminiih diughier of Wahb ih^ 
AkI Mufl^f \hp Zuliruh ibn Kil^b i\Mi Mumti ibn K^ ti ihn Lu'ay;/ jhn 
GJiJiltb Lbii Filir ibn VlShk ibn AnlN^r. Ilcr moL^icr uas Barrah diiiigliicr of 
"AbduE-'U/Jifi ibn 'L'thmun Ibn 'Abtlud-Dflr ibrr Qu&ayy ibn Klfiib ibn 
Murruh itin Kj^b ihn Lu'.iyy ibn Gbahb ibn Fibr ihn Mfilik ihn An-N';if|r 
Thj Prophet Mihan^niiid ipbuhi is ihd mnst honored of ihc children ijf 
Adftm. iil^ the besi fiaicmi^i 4nd mui^md Untuge, lie is tbe honored, 
gcncnius. gltxifti-'d, andgrcuL 

The Digging of Zamzam 
and Disputes concerning it 

"While 'Abduf'MtiiKiIib was sleeping under Ihc shade of ihe Kii'bjh 
Sotneotjc commimdeJ him in a dream [odigZam/um. ' Abdul-MuU[Jib said, 
"WhAk I was siccpmg in iht ?.hiide of Ihc Ka bah soiTJOornj came to me 
5aymg, "Dig Tibah,' 1 said, 'Wba) is TibahT Then he wcnl jwiiy. Tht next 
day while I was m hed sletping. He came lo me saying. Dig AiM^fliiflnab.' 
i s;i.iJ. 'Whiii h^ Al'.VIjJntimiti'^' Tlitn he won! awaj. Tlxc ncAl day while 
slct^pinii in ijisd he eumt to mc siiyin^'. 'Dig Zimzjin-' I said, 'What iS 
Zjim/;ini'*' Mr i^aid, Tl rre^^tr dcplclcv nnr ii^ ^viiti^r Its-vcns: i1 is lo prnvidc 
waiEi for pdgriras; \\ is bulwe^n eitLTcutm^ oiid bl&id, al Ihe fiip of Uic ero^/ 
with wb^[i^h fcings.'''* 

Wlitn he diseovcrcd ihc place. fcnowL-ing ihai hi^ vfaion byd eome tme. Jie 
Eook his spiitlc iind wus aL-votnpwnied then by Lis only child, Al-Harilh. arid 
suuied di^mi?. Once ihc sumes covering a well appcired he eielaimt-^d 
With, "Altiihij Akbur', Tlit Quray:^li then knew ihat he hn6 teychcd hi*> vat^cl 
Thtv cfowdffl! aronTid tiim and a^kcd. "O 'Abdul-MuiiJlth ji ii ihc well of 



I. ll i^il' IUiral<<J ihe -i-'.icit Pur ujS jNulI lUiU; iE« lu ^v lllCJirils' iicub uhJ iIic r^kciU' hjl hf Jul 
hHitlnHlf MibUjiW I Itf 4lini(^tf ml 41 and ^H^rrlkiliU mid biatii ITi^u'imI sihJ hif iHiKU^Jcd 111 Jl^. 



nur roTclyihcr UtmU. As wc hiive a rJgJil m iu k'l u^ lie your panners in ll." 
Ht: rcpl^i^d: "No. I uJII nuL di> iIjj[. 11it^ miilic; i*ast:<(pcoiLiTK Jclcr^iLEcJ la 
me. mM you." They said* "Be fair. Wt wili nui Icum; hd^ rt^t will be upscl 
with yi>ii.'' He said, "So iei us have whoever you want tt. an uH*ilfaior." 
Ihey Jifi^WLToH' Tho ^ht'-Mi^Ln^r nf Bnnfl Jiad HLirihaym" He ^aid. "Ofc." 

Sk wa^ near Syria. ' Ahdul-Muiiahb rnveled Eo her wjrh a proup from Bjnii 
'flW Manfif and a j^ruup (him every rnk- bcltrngijig lo Hit; QijjNysh, The 
land was Ihcn in |J» wi[*lcrQciA. Wlwn Lhcy ruachcJ llic wildirmoN.^ heiwccn 
Hijii' and Syria, AlKiuT-Mu^olihand his cninpnniflns van our pfwarcr lo the 
c;*icn[ Ihai ihi^y wtrc tlying of irtir:^, I'twy askcJ far waicr [lom i\a oihcrs 
of Uic Qui'av^h imt \hc\ icfii^r^d lo give dwin (waicrl saying, "Wc aic in the 
wildtrnt*s and wc aru afraid of suffering tVsun wh;il you ;»re now suffering 
fmm ." WhiMi 'Ahdul-Mujialih ^w ihc pi^oplc's aiiirudc anil Iwing fi^flrful of 
wh-il would happen lo himjiclf nnd Hls rompihnions. he sjud. "What do you 
ihink?" They answered, "Wc mU do whal you think. ^> comnianii us 
whatever you wanC He •.aid. "\ ihink every i)ne of ymi shnuld dig hi.s own 
pit wuh wherever strength he lias. Whenever any of you dies his 
cijmpjnions ^viJI put him in his pit anileovcr hi.s body with dusi. until imly 
one pi^rson will rcnifiii]. This b because if one person remains unhurjcd it 
wili be enMCr dijin thi; ivniaining of a whole ^roup unhsiried" 1hey agreed 
and cvL'tyonc du^ bi*. pit Jinil started wiiiiing fnr dead}. Afienvard^ 
'Abdul-Muilaiih .said, "By Allah, we aie caviling ourselves by our hands to 
death without striltinE m the eailti seeking for ounclve*v. This jf weakness. It 
may be thai Allah will prtivulii us with wyier in some piucci. ^ let us nde 
oil" They rode with ilie itihcr people tif Qurnysh who wc^ic waitfimg them 
to see whai ihey would do. AhdiTi-Muii^ilib rode ftis t:aTneL and wlicn it 
moved a fresh wjii^r spring gushed forth fioni underncaih Ll.i h(io\cs, 
'Ahdul-Mutudih -;kid. "AlJiJhu Akbar irniT w did his oompunions. Thoy 
descended and Lopi ondimkm^ jind filhng upiheir pai^. 

They in^iircd fhf mhe^ of ihi Qumysh, "Corns \o ihe ivaicir ihitl Allah 
bus made us drink iVom. Come and drink ;ind fill ytnir pots." After drinking 
and filling up their pots, they.suid. "Surely Allah decreed fur you ogainst us, 
O Abdul-Mullulib, By Allah, wc will never dispuie Aviih you ovcrZamzam. 
TifceOrtL- Who provided you to drink this water m this deiiert i,> the One Who 
provided you Willi ^ainzani, «i return ^iruightaway to your source of 



-CD 



watu I -giving. Tticj ull rcuirncU wiiht^in Ttnt:tiinjj ihe site -diviner unj ihcy 
kfi ZkiELi/drn [o hi.nL- 

Abdul-Miittalib Vows 

to Slaughter a Son of his 

I'hc QurQv^h's iniuaL aiiiiudc to\s'ariJs ihe dig^in^ ut' Zuniz:)in mudi: 
Ahdiil Miiiuhb ibn H^Nhmi, imk^ u vaw. ihm il Allah would bkss him wiih 
ich s^iEks whv^ wgEilU ^luw LU mdnhi'Od. hi: wiiuld suLnfH:!: onu uf iEicile Ui 
H^in ftl ^Ke Ka'hnh, When his ions became icn and rcjchcd moiuriiy- he 
giiihercd iht-m to inform dLcm :ibnur hisvoVpi, calling Lh^ni Ui \'ii)ri\ lii'^oiith. 
TTiey Jicccpicd. He j^aid, "Everionc of you wilf uiku a wuoikn arrow, v-nic 
hi.^ numi- c>]i IL iind Ehcn conK u> mc." They did dnil weni !□ Jiiiii. hk [ouk 
[ban lu HLih;il tan idoJHocatcdon;i well DUhi- Ka'h;^. EvcTyihing Lhui ^vns 
dcwucd [0 The Ku'bah waspattlcicti m Ih^t wcil. 

Ai Hubjii ih^:ie wcrc ^uvcn wmidcn arrowji, and each otw of iTicm 
contijmt'd :i ines*-agt. {For ins[:itK:[:), un :irrow was made Foi "bkuKl-nioney"'; 
wlwnevt^r ihey disfuk'd cm v^'htini tu take i^ Uiey wtm^ ta.^i riiL: S4;vcn 
unows: it' ilic iiifCfw oarryitig ihc w*^ blc*i)iJ-mi»ncy c^me oui fiir a tcriuin 
pcison. he \^ould have lo pay. An iirrow, an whzch "yes" is wrillcn und 
-another with "ntt" for hI uiflMer on which the loi Jj:id hivn sLtrnmonQd On 
^aitQllKr WAS 'of ytm" .:inoih<;rij;(//j*/(^^nri|:i tritw member). jinoU:ef "oihtr 
than you" and ihc lasi earned ihc woid "water". 

Whiincvcf (hey wanted [r> dig fnr wjler. Ihcy made Uic divinaiioh 
Including ihi!^ anow, and ihty ;»ppUa! ilie tiuaom<r- On Lin:LintfLsing a Soy. 
aiTunginp fm it mniTi.i^, tiuryin? :» wrjTpK, or dt'kubring the lineage of a 
ptriion. ihcy went to Hubal [\i give iht' man respL>n,^ibk' for ciij^iing k>r.s. a 
hundred diitium^ and u ^TiiLiirlilt:n:d cunieh Ihco ihey wouiU approach thi^ 
tHK whom Jhcy wcit tonccraed iviili saying. "O our god. ihis .\o and ■><». ihe 
■ion of St) jnti "io, artd wc wimt for h»m so juid yo; show Us. whai ib righi m do 
for him." They vsmild thrn sny to the man rcspon<ible for the nirows, 
^'^eaM"'- [f Ihc arrc^w bearing "of you" came forth, thon he was ol a pure 
tic.sct'ni ol iheir tribe: if it w^ ihe :mxjw of 'other than you" ihcn he v-:i^ an 
flIEy, Whcrvav if iheansw^^r vsa.s rni^/^ri^j he was considered neither a hjood 



■C^- 



reUx[ivi; nor iHi iilly. SVIien "yd" came forth in olhcr ISSUCS- Uiev UCltd 

ncctirJingly; i^nd ir ii v</u3 "ni^" f^y dcljiycd ihc subfci:! lor d ytv uniil jl 
winilJ be rui>.cd agam. "Hiu:^, fchi^y jdniinisii^red ihcir iiffjlrs iYctording to ihc 
judgcmcnl f( ihc nrroVF^. 

'Ahilul-MujiallbiLsKL'tl rho man icsponsihk for the arrows lo cast lots for 

hiH "ioiis. usiDf iTk aiTou's winch boic iheiE iiaitujs. idlinc him JLhtmc rlEc 
vow. His =;onfi gusc rhc Jtion (he a^T^>^^'^, 'Abduflnh (iir Thai [imc) was the 
yoiingL'xl rinii rm^hf fJivnrcd mn »f 'Abihil-MuUJilih. ^ii lie thought ihai jf ihi* 
arrow missed, ho wojJd be spared. Whi^n fht man bcE^in ■ihuffling die 
luTOws^-AWul-MuUrtlih 5lood ui Hubul supplicjimg To Allah- Then [h^ mrtn 
shulBcd dii^ jrruws, 'Abdullah's name c^mO fonh. 'AbduI-MuUalib look his 
MJfj by rhc hund and a m^or To sacrifice him S Isaf antl Nj iluh fidols). 
Hnwcvci. [lu: men nf ihc Oiiiay^h Icli ihcir ii^sem&htfs ((» ysk him whal he 
w^ E"ing iti do He lolJ ihcm ihui he would slwugh^cj- him. Tliir Quiiiysh 
aihl hi> •^tii- dissTjaded hini hy siiyjnii, "By ATUb ynu *i}l never sliiughrcr 
him unltf'is Ihiin;: is an csiahlKhcd excust. If you do \t. every in:in wilE go 
and filaiipTiicr h\n son. and whal wiU become of rcople ihcnT Tfjoti 
AI-.Mugiiirah ihn AEniulliih ibn 'Umuf ibn Miikh/um, who was of Ihe 
matemal cou\ins ^atJ, "By Allah you will ncvef slauj^hicr him unlcs-i Ihcte 
is an e.'%i;ibhsht[l e.uusc. If fiiy ran'^oin be of our wealth v/e will pay. The 
Quraysh and his sor»\ iidvj^ed him lo go to Uijjz where ihcre was a 
shc-diviiitr ^vho hixl a finiiiluif ?.piril, su he would a}.t Ucr, hiiving freedom 
o| aciion, if ^he lold him lo ^laughiLT. he would dn so* wliilc if s^ic crdcied 
him u iih a nuiucr. which wfiuld be good for him as well ia for \\h -rtin. he 
would rL'4idily ;»ccepl iL 

llicy wcni m Madinab aiHi heard rhni vhe wa*i In Khayb.nr. Then Ihey 
rode on tinril they reatHcd hir. Whtrt 'AbdjI-MuaaJjh explained lo her his 
story aboui itit vi>w. shi' disked Ihcm lo k'avc hci umiT ihc spirit vi&ucd h^r 
iwshcwoulil consult w'ilh him. Uavjne her. Abdui-MKilalib ^upphcuLcd Ju 
Allah. Tho ncxi Jyy <Uc said, "The answtr hiu voinc lo ok. How much \s 
;hc hkiiJd-nioney among your They aaid. "rcn camcJ^." She toTd Uicm lo 
go hjick [(t rlicii country, offer llic yoinig muTi and icii camclN as sacrifice, 
and ihoo ca-M rhf 1(hs for Qiem and for him. If ihc nuuis arrow were lo comu 
ouL Iht-y wiHiid atld ren more Cimiels. unTit rhcir god i*i *aiisfied. H<iwevcr, 



■CH) 



itllic camels' iitriiw wc(v li) comeouL ihcy would bcsl-iii^hccri'iJ insrcaJ of 
^AhclLil]£ih. u^ their god woM bo vaii^fied iind (beirmui would he re^^uod, 

Rciuimii^ in Mitkh^L lhi;y o^cc^d In do as ihcy liud bcL-n advised, 
'Ahdiil-MiiIi;iJih wiv cqnlinuully suppliciUriii k> Allah. Thty broughi 
'Abdullah and ten cjmtis, while 'Abdiii-MLUnlib *.ronl by Habul pi-jyltiji in 
Ailuh. Then they cua lots flndlhc'Abdullilh's arrow cjnic fonh.They adrfcd 
Ion HKirc cymiiLi*. betumm^ iwcoty. They cjsi Int*. again :iiid jgiiin, jiid e:ich 
liniv Abdu 11 flip's urmw turner om. 'Abdul-Mutijllh suppliiraifd 1l> Alblu ;uid 
they nddcd ten camels uniil Ihcy reached a hundred. Only then did ihe lots 
full ^gmnsL ihc oinds. The QLiraysh and l^iui^ mivnding saiil, Ai luNt your 
god is vatisfifd. ' Abdul 'Muuulrb." h was said <iiai 'AlKlul-Muiialib said, 
"No by Allah, not until 1 cist lots three limes for Ihctn," They did and each 
Smc ^he iirrmL' fell ai^dinsr i^rn canvJs, which wur? ^lau^hierfii, and let'i 
there, and no human was prcvcnLcd to eau 

What was Said to .^minah 
>vhea She had Conceived the Prophet (pbuh) 

Pecipte. and onty AlUh knows ho^i. that Aininah daughter of Wahb. the 
TTTofhcr or ibi^ Mei^i^ngL^r of Allah ^phnhi, u<.ei\ r<i vny when i^he wa^ 
prcgnanl <*llh Ihc Mos^ngCT of Allah, thai it ivas said lo Iwr fin a virion): 
"You arc conceiving the masier of iliis naiicin and when be ha.s been born 
Mjr, 1 seek fi-fugc for him »Aith the One fronj the cviJ of cver>' <^i»vious 
p4;rN<5n'. tht^ti lituiic him Muhanl^^;ld"^^ 

And. when she: became pre^riini with him. sIk: ^a^v in u dnrjim thiiL a 
Jighl <zniLLlcd f'>nh from ha by whiL:]i ^lic trould sec iho c^tlc^s of Bii^r^ in 
Syrra ARer d short whde Abdtilliiii. the I'rophd^ lather died, whdi: hjs 
nuHlit'r was Mill piegii;ini. 



|» Only (hirr hcEiircliiir tn^EUdFlrJ wiih lie amccrjiTrv Muli^iniiniiLr i^»i fulr^ Itm Mli]^j]ii ihc 
Snollattwr or AI-FarMdaii. MalianiiEail rhn UlijyliJih ilmnl-JidlSh. aTK] Muhriniin.ul [HnHimiiin 
Ibn R^nroli w^ca ilta:ir fjuJKi.i Itcoid a^kh iIv j^rprnAk-liiTit- imii; \i' -i Mc»<cii^i:i ti^ ^lluii uJju 
.mi\i|d L-iu[u; fiuni Ijijii, *hKh "h'l^ L>u"» lri»"i a iiny whii kuniL:^ ihv IIinjI and lulil llnih 
ihiJUE UicPTuphcliindtiliiuuTK-EiKhtniEr viwcJjhnllf hlipft^un^ Hirc^L-liM-JnJ i mnlcctiiM 
hc'ir'rtkilJciill h4niMu&umfliDJ.ThFihfcrH)rihcrDiriil to. 



The Binb of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) 

The ProptiLil Cffi^} was bom on MLinday I2th RaWul-Awitjl in \hc 
Yciir of The Ek'phani. Qjivs ibn VlakhmmnTi sJid, ' i und Ihe Pn>phot 1pHuh> 
were iMJm m (he Yciirol the blcpimni." H.isiai ihn Thiibii laid, "By AlluJi, I 
was u 'Ai:l!-gFown buy cF scvtn or CTghi, unili:[imncliijj; all llM I h>:\iid. 
vrhcn I heard n Jew yelling oul raising Uh voice a?i ciiuch 4i> Iv ^l>uLJ fnnii 
ihi? lq> orB fort ^n YifThrih. "O Je^A's" until ihty M jsjihrw^i and s;iid< "Woe 
la you, \t'hai. ha?i huppcncdV" \k replicil. TiJnighi has shincJ a ^sr with 
whkh Ahmijd is lo he born." 

When [he: Proplicl^ niiHhL'i JclivL-rcJ hiiTU lihc scnT In his erjndfacher, 
'Abdul-Muii-ihh. Id inform him iiboui ihe bfrih of a Iwy.a^kinj; him Lo come 
and ii»ok lii hitii. After \i^\^in^ him. she lold liim jbiiut whui shi? had >ecn 
when she wjs prcgniini wiih him. ^vliyt was shUiJ !o her iuid whui sU^ was 
ayJicd [o name him. II Vi allcfc-CiJ Ihai Ahclul-Muiialih lc"ok him lo ihfl 
K;[h*Ji wliL-n: lie praytd am} piifiNOd Allah IhJtikmg Hiai fof His gjfl, Then 
ht bjuii^hl Tiim I'uT and '^■^vq him to his mother, searching fOTwet nurses fur 
hJm. A woman fmm Banfl Sa'ii ibn Bjkj ciiiluJ iliilhruli daughL^j of Abu 
Dhu'uyb, wus chosen a^ a wcl nurse, 

Halimah 

Hatiniiih iiarra^L-d [hai sjie Icfi her dwclhng with Ikt hushund and u 
suckling Mjn. accompanying snure wtimcn of hcf ciiin. in quesc of oiher 
babies lo.sUcklc: 

"Ir was A year of famine and dn^ughr iind 'xc were Jc^iiUne. I rode iny 
greenish shc-donfccy. There was wiih u^ an old slw-camoJ which di^l not 
yield even a drop of inilL Wi^ c.iuld Jioi have a wink of <lcup Ihe ^vh^lle 
nigh[ bceausc of ihc weepiuji of my hungry hiiby. There was nm enough 
milk in rny breasts, noi t'ouid the ^hc-cjimcl feed him, Wc Loii-Manily Imped 
for rain and inimi^di:irc relief Ruiing mv j^he-dunkcv il l^gvd behind 
bcvause of its wciiknevi and mjinuitiiion, so rhat ir wa\ n Imrdshjp for oihcr 
ridtr^. When wo n^jiehed Makk-Uih, we looketJ for children lo suckle, and die 
Me^stJ^gtr pf Allah VpHs ^*flered !o e.icb woman of us who refused hiin 



sy)in^ rhJl hi' Wiis jn "rph;m. ThJi was because wchnpcd for ii^txid ruwiirJ 
frcini the dukr^ fathi:r. Wc sfl^d. "An orpliun! und wtiai can hh mjihcr ;ind 
grandfarhtfr do?' Wp JisElJiitK^d twci^iiw **r Ihni. Ewry u'orujn whn c:ime 
wjlh trie £01 a suctlitig child c\cc[iJ inL-, Before dcpjirlure. ^ suid fo my 
hiivhund. By Alliih. I hiiic tn rciurrt among my friends without ii *iucUing 
baby: I will ^o and lake ihat orphan." He siid. "No hiirm on yai il you did: 
pcrhups Alliih \vill hics'i n.^ iliroLiph iliis orphmi.' Su 1 "■ciu aiid took Inm 
hctausc iliere was nt< fllher alTeniatJve hvH lo take hirn. On my *iiy bnck, as 
siion as I put hiiri lii niy kip. niy breasts oversowed wliti milkp uhjcti hu' 
driink. n> liis liCJtnS conicm. and ^o did his fosici broihct. Then botli of iIjcjii 
sbpi. while 1»cfurc ihis we could noi slee^> bccaui-tf uf my mn's crying. My 
hiKhand *oni Eo the idJ slie-uirnoJ w milt; il: 1o hi^ surprise its uddtrrs were 
fuW: \k miiked \l and we durtk of lis miilc until we wcir oomplerely 
sabsricd. and we spent a guod mglii. in rhe morning my husband said. Do 
you kno\i iial'tinah thai you have lakon a blessed child?" I said, "By Allah, I 
hope, so-" 

Icarritfdhimwilh iite. :is wc rode bJitrt on my shc-dtittfecV. artj it vveniat 
such ii speed thut oihoE donkeys could not catch up to tU so thai my Jcllow 
travi^lers said to me, Vi'm! dau^ter of Ahu Dhii ayb! Su>p and waii lor i!s. hi 
Ihis noi ihc shc-diinkcy on whieh you hud come with^' "Sure ii w/ 1 said. 
They replied. 'By AlJah, Ihcie is Tiomethinc miusuirl.' Then we reached ohf 
dwelJing^ in Banii Sad land which I haii never k™>:vn :i bnd a"; fianen a-i it ^vas. 

Having him with us^ my Hotl* yielded milk Jihimdanlly. We mdked [hem 
ami dmnk 3t Ihe time when no one coidd hjive a dmp i>f milk- nor find 
anything Jn ihefr animal*;' udders. PiJopk- art'^und u? vverc saying lo Uicir 
shepherds. Woe lo yoo! Lei your sheep graze where [he daup.h.tcr of Ab& 
Dhip'iiyh's sht^pJterd gtics' SUIJ. ihcM l"l(n:k:i returned hungry wilhniit even a 
drop of iTLlk. wfiile m.me had mtlk ir abundance. We coninued \<i recogtiize 
that this grace was from Allah, until two years hjd passed, when I weaned 
him. He wiis ^rowin^ up more Ihun any OLhei child did^ ^> by the lime he 
wa^ Two he v!is a slrorg child. We look him back to his mother, though ve 
were i,een lo keep him wilh us hceaiuc nf the ble^'vMng and fortune which he 
hrnughl us. I ^aid It* her, 'Would you leave my litlle hov wiih me until he 
becomes bigger, for I am afraid of fhe epidemic of Mjkkah whjch might 
infecl him/ Wc pen^islcJ uniii she \ci him go wilh lU- 



32 J- 



Bjr AUuh. iittcr lew monrh^ of our ^eiiuii, hf iind Ijis hioihcr were wilh 
tjur Uliibs hchiiul our <J\veJnn^^ wlicn his bruUicr come furtrilng lo vs. Two 
nicn in while \r.iv*: si:i/ed ni>' Ou^,ly^^li hfO!hcr -jnd [hmwn hini thi^vn niul 
ripped PT>«"t^J his ohtfvt. and arc nioviiiy ii up. Wi; tan towards him nnd 
found hHn ^ta^fling Up wilh a fw^c finjc. Wc enibiaced him, Jsting him wh^f 
hud hupijened. Ht said. Two men in whiic garmcnis came, laid mc down 
and ripix'd open my dwsi, looking fof suuicihmg whith 1 di> iioi know; 5(» 
v-'o ujakliimbucktoouncDi. 

His (foster) father said U> niL\ 'HiilTniah, 1 am ai'raid thai ihis child bfl^ 
had a simkc, so wc stioiild rcium him to hii lumily before any^hine appcyrs 
un hiin.' Tims wc earned him to his mrubcrwho wondticd- "Why did you 
btitt^ him whii*; vtju \i'crc insiMing to \ct him slay with you? J s;tid to hi^i, 
Vvllali his Icl my soii gruw lu iliis j^c jniJ I liavc done iiiv duty. I am iifrjid 
[hai jny harm ui[l hcfall !iim. si> I have bniu^i hTtn back in you y*; yuu 
wishL'd.' SIhj fell ihai ihi^ was noi ihf imiicT and she insinti^J to kno^A Th?: 
imih LmiiT ! told tter whiil had happcni:d. She ^ajd, 'Dn you fe^r a Jciui-in 
posMSStt hiniT I replied th^i [ did. Sit siiid ibai demon liud w> ct^ninil ovti 
her son w^hohinl a^u^ai future before hmi. Then slic told howwlTcnshi.' was 
pregnant wilh hini a light wciJi r-ui Irom her \vhith rf;ui:bed (he castie^ ol 
Busja in Syria, ami thai sh*: h;»d bum liim wjih ihe !ciL>i ilifficulty 
imiitimlbkr Wlicn she dtlivcied him he jiai his hands on iho gnmnd raising 
his head linvards the heavens. Leave him then and g<.» in ptate,' siiid she." 

The Opening of the Prophet's (pbuh) Chest 

Ibr> i.sliSq Miitf, "Thuwr ittii Y;md U^ld mc- on iIk juiIkimw uf u 
kniJwJcdgeublv person uhi>m I bchcvc is KhahU ibn Ma d3n al-Kaifl't thai 
some of the Prophet's (pbah) Cnrnpimiunh asked luin to tell ihcm 3b<^,ut 
hiiiiwir Ik Ipbuhj haid. 

"\ am l^c supplicatioa of my Falhcr Ibrflh'm nntt fhc good E^ Jmgs cif ^Isl 
When my mutfiur was piegnant with mc. shi' saw in a JrciHn a ii^hl i^miiiing 
Irom hcrEhai H ber wrc EhcoasEle^ tit Syria. My suckling wa^ among Banii 
Sad ibn iljikr. Wluk- 1 ^tiiiwuh ii [fosterj bit»!icr a\' mme behind our ivni!i 
shcplicrJiiȣ ihi l.imhs. t*o men wearing while gjimitrrls canic Iv ms wilh a 



-cS>- 



gi^filcn h;iMii full <l^^n"w/ll]L■n Itn'v imik uk iiml Tipjx-tl upcn my belly. 

exliuticd an (wan and splil ii: ihcn iltcy i-'XEfiiciud ii Lilatt cloi ftuut a and 
discardi^d il uvuy. 'Ilien rhcy unshed tny hcmi arid m)' belly wiih dial snow 

umu ihey hi»d fully clcain^d ihL-m. rtii;n ojie ivf Ihcm said lo ihe olher, 
Wci^Ji iiiin j^diriM len oi ItLs naiiun". lie did so anil 1 ouiwtigiicd i lie mi 
Then lii: ^aid. 'Wdi^h him Jcain.st a hundred of his fiJtion'. He ilid so jnd I 
tmlwui^hfJ *}iunL Then hi? S4iid. AVci^h him agninsl a Ihuu^iind of iiN 
flFUion, iiedidsoand I outwc-iglu-'d Them, lie .'.ciid, iLe^ivthim. furhy ANah. 
if y(ni wcjghciniim ii£ajmthrstnUje naiion he would oulwcitih rhcm,' " 

Under the Custody of his Grandfather 

T\^c Pmphd /phuh] ItvcJ wiihhwmiillK:r Atnitiiihihtrdaughicr*)* Wjihb 
and his grandfather 'AbdLil-Mutlalib in AMith's care and guardianship, 
£n*wing Uke a &^-hl p\am. ;is AllJih hiid honuri^d him. Wht-n irt: was six 
years okl hi.^ miirhcr Aminah died ai AbwO', a pljcc bchvtcn MaLkjh j^d 
Madmuh. wlieu .she M^ok him m visii his mntifmuJ uncle.s of Banu 'Adiyy ihn 
an-Najj5r. SKl; dif."d nn her remni ti> Makkah. Thi.u iJic Pnipl>ei (phuh) wns 
Ib^ft lo his jirajidfiLiher, *bo had a bod in ihc shatTc of ih*: Kjbjh. His sons 
ml jiDund [ht k'J. hii none nf ihcin *Jil *jn il. oui of fcspcvi for hun, Tbc 
Prnphi^Mphuhi, beini; siiil Ji y^^ung boy wnuld silon iJand his uncles would 
drive him away. Whvn 'Abdul-Muu^ibiaw ihis hesaid, 'L,rc my son nkmc, 
for hy Allah he his u gre-at fuiuT\.'. ' Then he would make bim sit beside liim 
on hjs bed and would wipe his hack widi his liund, li used lu plearic hhii Eu 
see \^'hal be did. When dig Prcphcl (f^biihl was ifighi vi!ar>. r>fd, his 
grandfallKr died, 'l"hui wus eighl yiT^s after Ihc Year of ibc fitpii;tiH. 

Under the Custody of his Uncle 

Afer the deaih of 'Abdul-Miiil^Jib, iht! l^rtiplwi (phuh) lived wiih h[s 
Vricltr Ahu TaljK There was ms-u ofLihb w)jo w^t^ a seer and whenever he 
Lame iL^ Makkah. Ihc Quray^!^l men hroLiEihi ihgir hoys (or him In look d1 
und 10 lell iheir lomincs. Abfi laljl7 aKo bEOu^hi [he Proplwi ipbuh) wlio 
wa^ stid kii ihul imw a hoy. The M^r looked Jl Mm and [*ien he bctame 



-CS> 



preoccupied wiih sornothiiiE^ Whc^ Iw finislu-d he wid, 'BrinK iiic rli^i 
boy/' When Abu iaiiJ> savv His cnmu-^aiin Tv: mntcjlcd him ;ifiJ ihc sect 
began [O say. "Woe uj yuLi. bring mc Uic buy J have j«M seen, for by Albh 
he hos £1 giciir fiuuri:." 

The Siory of Ba^irA 

Ahfl TLllib \^as going }iy L-nravan TO Syria as a frader. While prqjarins Tor 
his dcpnniire. ih^ Mes,sengcr of Alhih jiKidictl hira^^lf closely lo his uncle, 
so ibai Ik compassionaiely decidctl lo lake hini along, sajmg "By Allah I 
will lake him with nic ;ind v,? will never seponiic." Reaching B<[sra in Syria, 
ihere was a monk ciilkd Bahira staying m a hcrmilagc. He w;ls svell vef?^d 
in Ciirisiwniiy. Ji v-in jilc^d Uiut i^iU monk Iiad nlwjys lived m ih-n 
bcrmiLa^c whca- he gained bis kno>v!t'd^i: frcm j bnok hand^^d ilitv/n from 
gencrariori m gi:nera(itjn TJi-H year when iKey seitU.'d ni-ar BdhTrfi il was, 
unlike p[cvH>iis years, when lie ni:vcr spi>kc [<i ihirm in>r even nuiiccij lirem, 
he niadt^ a greai feasi for them. This was hceuusc. as i( wn.^ alleged, hi- had 
M^Ti something while in hi> hcrmimgc They ^aki ihuL whtic he was in biii 
iKmiitage hi- rec^ignired Ihc PropSict of Allah in the caravan '^■hcn ttiey were 
:jppiv>achirjg, wiih a cloud overshadowing limi among the pe<]pJc, Tlicn Hiey 
canic anJ sai in ihe srtaUiiw rla irec near ihe nuMik- Mc Amnd die cknid 
uvcf^hadosving ibc Iree, ind il.s bunches were hcndin|: wnd ditujping civcf 
ihc Pmphet (phuhi unul he wut in (he shadow under ir. When B^hir-i ^av^ 
ihjt. he Jefi his hennitagc Hc^cnUfi ihcm siiying, "Ihihe prcpaiwJ food Ibf 
you, men of Otimyih and I vvould like yuu all to eoinc. baih ilic iild and 
the yotint'. honJmi^n and freemen/ One of tht^m said. "By Allah, BaliirSI 
Someihing unu'iuul h^s hiippsntd m you [odiy< you have nevci ireaied U« 
like thai lieforc, a*, we have often passe*! by you WIjul luik occurred lo yuu 
today.'" He replied. Ynu arc righi $n ia hat you say, hmyfiu;ui:ButMi and I 
wish to be gcncnms in >*>u by oft>rinE fiwd ihm you all tiuiy tai." Thii*;. 
(bey gronpod together, and wuni to him. !s:iT[ng ihc* I'rophcl ^phuhl. ihcir 
youngest, behind wuli ibe burgage under ihi' tree. Looking >it the people, 
R^hiKi di4 nor >ee the sign v/hlch hir knew iilmul. sn hi* said, "0 peopli; Df 
Quiaysh do noi tei any of you nifi aiiend my feast." They itild hini [hat 
tf^-eryofie badcnmccxcejil fnf iiboy, who wa-sdw youngest of dwm-io they 



- 3>- 



kcpl him will] lEieir b.i^gu£c. Hen: be said, "fnviif him la join yiu in [bis 
meul.- Amiing ihcm a QxiroyMhi inaid. "By Al-Lili anJ Al-'L'zid. u-c lire lu 
hbnu.' Toi k-uving the scm uf Ahdiillfih ihn "Abdul MiitiiLlib," 

Thijrt he lirtHigtil liim, cmbruced him. and made him Alt <A'tUi the pnipJc 
Whtfii Biifairil Miw liini. he obsfncd him corfrulJy. wmchmg lu«b«]y to Qud 
irutes of his ilescripiion fin ihi? Chiriitan hooks*. After coming. \\k people 
dispersed :knd B:j1]M wtjnt Lo him sityjng. "Boy. 1 ^k you by Ai-IM and 
Al-'U/^il lo u]i>;wur mc wlmi 1 am goin^ lo u^k you." Bjhlcii said so only 
bctauso lit hiid heard Ihc people of Ihis boy swearing by ihcse idols. Ii was 
uiii LliLiI Ihc PioplU'l ipbuhj «aid k> him. ~Do noi ask me by Al-L^ and 
Al-'Uz/i. fill by Allah I tlcicsl nollun^ miirc than ilific Iwit," Bojijrti 
peplLcd, "TJien by Atlab lell me whai I tisk vou/ He aaid^ "Aik tiic whatever 
ynu liki;." So he hc^^n lo ^^k hini abiHil his ^li.'cp. iT>]varani.-o. anil :ifrai['^'in 
general. The Propbci's ipbuhj anstvTiN comtid*?il wuli wTiar fJahira kntw of 
hs^ dcscripTJon, Then he looked :jl his back ;inJ round iha seal of 
prophoihootl beiwLtii his shoulders in the vcrj place deMribed in his book, 
At'ttrwards he wtnl lo his uncle Abu Tillib askini^. "Wbal is [he reJation.ship 
twiu't'cn yoii .indihis boyT He ^aidn He ismy sor," BaliirismtL "No. he is 
Tli)i your .sun. Tim f<lJ]lCIo^llIJ^boy shoukl nui be aJive." '>[e Es my bLOLlKf's 
son," be said. When h(; liski^d where his father was. he (old hmi th;ii he Jied. 
?^en his moiher had been pr^i^niim with him "Thai is inic," said BiihUfl, 
"Go back Willi your br^Jlhor'fi son lo his counlry and proieul hint eiiuiiuiwlv 
againsi ihc Jews. for. by AtTuh, if Ihey tnCA- aboui hmi whai I Lio'A'. thty 
v, ill conirive cvii agjiiiisi him. Gfcaf things are in <.roie for your nephew, no 
piompUy take him bninc." 

The SacriJegious War 

This v^nr empTed when the Prophet ipbuh) Wiis iwcniy ye^u^ oltf''. Vi 
viif. cnlled the sucrilegiou^ wur bf^su^p the two fik^hung irihcs. Kini^na and 

t. Ilm HiihIi^;] -nut iJl^ Ok VrnTtT-ct iiilriiiih wiui^^v^ Mimr of Lhpv ilay^, <ii. Iiu mi:!?! liinl tjkcci 
bmi hiih iftcm. fi urai nair-u^ Ihul Ih? Pniftv^ {r^iiiti> tukl Llija Iv iuaI lo pltk up ihr fliiimi 
wJudt ih? L-'b^mi' liiuJ ilial itrnf rii*"^ Ihcn Uj hii ui>flci Tu tJKoi. ThLn ^ji Ui'i^ lu^ ladbfiunu 
WJU erf A|'niirr^.i>j«ihclu«liKiff.jml*^piLCi:dcJl wiihrtucc MCT^\^pu\t^ uarv ibr finii he- 
[Wren KiJiOiuiH und Ifjiw&'iii. (lie tojnti hehi'KJi ^JurajilmiiiJ H^iwa/m. jiiwl rtt ihinT fJi-hven 
ICinjiLLih nnd lljui'rin CtclilK ini Touiimil Al . ' li|rt nl 'Fntd jnd Al'A^Euni 



itin Abi Shuiiis wjiii l\\c Icailer of Ouf"}'^'" ;«^^ Kinnlnah. Al Ni-.' hcginniiis of 
[he duy Qays wa?. iriumphani but b> (nidJiiy vioivr> ^vcn^ U) Kmiinuh. 

His Marriage to Khadijah 

(may Allah be pleaded with her) 

Khadijah wat u Ir;ide wnni:ni of hfim>r anJ WJ^ubh. Sht^ UM'd lo hire imn 
to tniry oiil her it^dv based on pmfii-shiirinj;- as (he Oufiiysli were j people 
ol commcrcL' When <k hcaid about ihc PmphL-t's iniihlulrchN. boncsiyn imd 
hnni>fiiblc hchuvjor, 'itiL* sctW for him proposing u deal \h:ii he would cari^' 
□ut lier iradc in Syria, white she wnuld pay him nioie ihnn ;my (^Ui^r ^hc iiii^! 
paitl t^cfnre. He wa^ 10 he iittcmpiHicd by u liid of Ikij- vaLtcd Muy^iaruh. 
Tllc Mi:sscngci af Allah iictcpwd the dciil, and ihc iwf> went oui ivnlil Ihuy 
reached Syria. 

Ttw Prcif^ei ipbuh) sai undi:r lie ^liudi: <>f a img nour a luonk's cell- The 
inCink ^fnl lo M ay sarah asking "Who is thiil mmi under iIk Iree?' MJy^a^^ll 
answered. "He i^ oHhc Qutay^li, fiomi he people pi' ihc Hiinun/'Tllc munt 
sail!. "None hui u Pnipher ever ^ar under this trfti!^ 

Then ihc Pmplici ipbjh^ sifier i^llmg the stwdi: and buying vtharcvt'the 
w-,vmcd u> htiy. siaried thi? joiini*y hnick in Midvkali Al ihe hti^hl of nonn 
whi!n ihc hc-ji wm imtnse. js !ii.' riHk his canicT, M^ysarah saw swu angleG 
shadjng thi' Prophcl ipbuhi Troni ihe sun\ heara. in Mafckafi ht gave 
KhadtjJih her rr'i>PLTiy ^^ich she jfierwflnis sold wilh di'ubic lis value or 
ihereabnms, 

Maysanib iM Itfi al".>u[ Mil- woiJs of ihc monk iind bow ihc iwo angles 
sliailfd him. Khifdijjli wus a di-cwivc. iniclligcni, and noble wk«nan 
possessmg ihc bounries wiih which Allah willed in honor hci, Oticc 
MaySiirah loid bet ibc^c ihlngs. rihc Scnl lo ihc Prnpbcl (pbuh) bs nhc said^ 
"O coiihm 1 like you bccauw* of your rcEmionsbip und your high rcpufntion 
arjiong your people. honesTy, ^*Mid manners, and iruihtulncSi." Then *hc 
proposed marriage, KhaJijah wa-s Ihcn llic mosi honoriibli?, lithc^i woman 
and cjf Ihc bcsi family backgrounds m die Quraysb- AH ber pn.}p\c *£f£ 



t«[i Ui niartj her ifJJ Vr-ac posslblij. The Prophet (|Tbiihl ii'JJ lii^ unclfs* 
flhciui Kbiiiffjaii'j prt>powil. and lii.s uncle tl^irnzali wcni \\n\\ him lo 
Khuw^iyJiij Jbn Asad for pmpiftal yml he mifmed her." ' She wa* the mcirher 
or ;ill ihu Pruphm's chiklfcn except Ibrjhim. Thcw children uti A[-Qlsim» 
which ".as pan of a ^m;*mc by which Iho Prophet wiL^i cajlcd. Abdullah''', 
^ftmiih, Riiqiiyyiih. Vvnm KulihuTii. and FilimyJi, jieace be upon Ihem llIL. 

AJ'QiLsiffl and "/^bdullflh died in iim prc-lshim lime, while the Pitrphcl's 
daughieis embraced islani jnd rai^ raied vf iih hi/ii lo MaUinah. 

Waraqah Ibn NawfaT 

Khadljah woni lo her fpalcmid) cousin Waraqah ihn Nawf;il it>n Asad 
ibn ■AbJi:l-'L7^, y\h^ v^in. Cljiistion who bad Mudicd ihc StfipluiCi and 
tt'as knowleJpKiblii, She Uiimjlcd lo him whm her lad M:iys:irijh h;id (old her 
^thiiiil Ihc mmk\ words :iTid how he «aw ihc jwo angck shading him. 
Waraqsh said. "U ihis is mK. KhadTjuh, vtrJiy Mahanmail is the Prophci of 
Ihis na[ion. I krcjw ihiii a Pn.jplicr i,s expccied lo appear in this nation and in 
lliiv cu.^ Waraqah fcii Jh^i rhc mdUer wjis Ino slow and iiscd lo .sa>i "How 

The Rebuilding of the Kabbah 

The Prophei fpbuh) wai Lhin^-flve years of age when Ebe Qnraysh 
agreed 10 rebuild Iht Kabalx by Kiofiug ii biu ihcy feaied dcsiruyinu iL, 

A >hipwiak uj' J Hoimin MKEvhonL .ship vrwi fi^imiil o-shuie in JiJduli. 

'They inok ifi limber lu prupuTi^ ii tW ruurmg ihe Ka bah. Thi^JC was a 

Coptic carpcnler in Makkah, -sr> tijcy fell lha[ cvcrjihmg was ready frtt 

rcs[orjilion. A snjkc uj*"d lo come oui of tlic Kjbiih well in which Jhc 

dedivai^d Ihtngs were thrown. The snake n^:id lo cncfc>ach everyday on ihc 



I vtv J^pBti iiihurn fVTbVLdfil htr ^iih ,1 iKiivry tff [wcmy ihe-cimiLb She «n ilic fuM ^k hub- 

red. und Iil' d>J Th>: mLirT> 4iiinrffi vfe iii>UI LJir IhJ ^i«I 

^ 'AExlultLJh wj> Lnuvn iLUm^c ^loi IMQ Ull» A^^ir Jind Ai-Tui<y)tr. 



- CS>- 



w^n of the Ka'huh. A \mwi whK:h (miricil iht.-m IN u^hencvL-r anvonc 
iifipmachutl It. IE msed its ncjd, miulc ^i msitin^ noiw nml i>ntni:d H> mouih, 
One duv wIiUc ii was running usclf, AJInli ^^:rii a hirJ. whith v-jpl»r<.^J it untl 
fltw iiway. Ai iliaT. rhc Quraysli wild. "Wc hope ih^t Mian ■.- ptciiwd Vp-iih 
whaL wc iniond m do: wtf Kavea woikcr who is a fncnJ m" tiurs. We hiive 
He limher and Allah has saveil us km the inuke-'* Wiien They liud dccidetl 
lo knock i? dnwn and rthurld ii. Abfl Wahb ibn 'Amr ihn 'A'ldh \h\ ^\m 
Lbn InirJn ibn Makh^Oin took j ^\>^\\c from ihi: Kobah bJi n »«'i^P' oui of 
his hands ami resumed i(^ \is place. He said- "O Quv.\y>^, da njl iei nuo iJus 
bodrfing onyUang ha\ Jawjui gains, so mj harlouy. ri/w, nor unjuM 
praciiucs." 

Al'Tcrward.s- \\k Qarjvsh divided labor hciwccn iK-msclvL^; :he S(?cUon 
near Iht gaic was lippinnied in BuiiQ Al\l Mauflf jiiJ Zuhr-ih. \he stcLion 
bciwci^n ilio BTfick Slum: comer and ihe Y»7inc[ii cumcr v.-m lo n.in& 
Makhz-iim and the Qtitaythi Trihe*, joined ihcnL Ihc Kick rf ih.- Ka'tmli was 
in Bjml Juaiali i*nd Salini- lh<: sitfi^ of ibe ^//r :o Bami Abdifd-D^r \hn 
Qviwiyy. Barrii Asad ihn 'AbdeKUjzland Bunii ' Adi>\ ibn Xa'h. 

Whik pL'ople werr anxious about flcmoli.shinj; !ho iL-mple. and retrc^iiod 
in awe, Al-W-iltd limulAUifjhhjh siud, "1 will sUn Ihe dcmoJiTion." He Ttmk 
a iiiutt*n;k. Jiid wciii ap lo ii syvingn "0 Allah, wc ha\-c r.cM disbelieved lin 
your reiigionV O AJhih. wc only wani lo do ^u<kI " Tht'ii hL' de^icoyed ihe 
part between Lhc Iwo corner^. Thut nighi people \^cie ^vauhing ciut, raying. 
"Wc wdl wah and si:e; if \k is injuied s^e wdl m^l dcniolish .my i>f il iind 
vwiJl keep h flfi i( was; hut if niTlhipg hapjH^ni lo htm ihcn Alljh is san^Utfd 
wiih whai wc anr doing and we will cIcKtroy il-** In lhc Tiioniin^ AJ-Wa^id 
WHS woifcing and ihe pciple widi hinw When ihcy rtuchcd ih\; rounditlion oT 
tbiahim ipbuh;, iiv;j' lound ^ctn.MOiies Uke camel's huMips jt>ined iogeiiier. 

^e Qnny^hi Mbe-J kcpi c]nga[hEiirtg ^r6hes for rhf balldihg, eachirihc 
oii iLs own. The huiJdmg was treated up to ihi; BTih^k Si^^ne. where 
disagrecmenrs enlarged: eath inbc witntei in lift it alone *o its Diaee, jaui 
they made alliance.^, ^nd prepared lo ligbi. 

A narraior said (hat Abu Imayyah ihnul-Mughirah. Jhen the eitie>l of 
the Quraysfi, said. "O Quray:ili. Icl iHl" Rm mJin lo enter ilie ^aie of ibis 
mos<iue arbiiraie in your dispuic." Thtv agreed IIk firsi one rii cnEcr was 



— <52>- 



llio Mi;H\cng[^r o\ Aihih tpbvih). On si-omg him, iJwy ^aid "U is the 
rm?ii»unhy (^MiflfV"). *c arc saiisfiiMJ^ |i is Mull jiii mud." When lie 
reuchcathcniimdihtfy lutdhim ihe siurv. hv said, "(jivi; mc fl nwn lie." They 
binughl one, H'hidi he (.spn-ud on llv ^mtinil jiull pl;K.-i?[i \he siunc on. Hl" 

[hen said, "Let illie hOiicT of) every lril>t? hold a ^idt of Ibo numiL' iind lifi ii 
up .ill lo^eUici." Whon ^hcy got it tnio piwlinn ^e placed ii \^iili \\h own 
[iam].s,iJii(lthcn,ilK' building conrimicd dbpw 

ReporLs of Arab Diviners, Jewish Rabbis, 
and Christian Monks 

Jewish rabbis, QansUfln monk^. and Amh diviners had di^cuMsed (}w 
iUbji;ci of ihi; Messcngei af Allah (phulil bflorc his adveni wTicn his LinK 
Wfts i:omlng clo^r The rahbis ani rnonk^ knt;* ahoni hiTTJ from lUvu 
?rophcLs uiid \*h^ had been mm\:a m iheir Si;riplurL> dcsoihint! him, The 
ATah JivirETs knew about hirn Irtim Saian^ reporting *hai ttiey h;id secrclJy 
overheard wlicn ihey WL'tc mn hindered Irani Jiciirmg hy being ibro\vn wiih 
Sikrs, Dh'incrs. niidc and rcTnnle, continutJ lo rdsc iKjme of dic.w Ls'iucft 
which iliL- Arjibii were noT aitt'ntive lo, uniiJ Aliah scnT him. rhen tbt> things 
which iliey hud melilinncd occuficd anti ihey reccifini^ed them. Whi^n ihe 
Prophti's (.xirnini; w^is EcUing nearer and his mission wii-i jboui lu be^jn, 
Sjianswerc prevented loiisttfiumd ility ^*oiiUI niit octiipy dicsea^ in which 
rliey used lo ^il Id owc^iiieur Ihe heavenly liJing-s, ai rliey were hudcd with 
srars. ITw jinn kiwA* thai it \vi>, n Uivme octuirence iVym Allah's ruk- over 
people- 

The bescripLion of the Prophet (phtih) 

Ibn ITishiiii ^aiJ diac ihc dpscnpliun of the Prophcl (phnti) as ininlirtiicil 
by 't'niai itic nm-vWuif Cihwij^h <in ihi? mithi^riry ol IbrJhim ibn MuhjnmujJ 
Ibn -All ibn Abl Tillib who sjid. "When 'Ali ibn Ahi T:llih dts*:r(t>od Ihc 
Messenger of Allah (pbtihi. he siiid. He was of a bcighi noi very lall, ritir 
vers si^n. bui average amnng pcopfe. His hair uas nor iK ovet curly n^r 
lunk, hui II wji ifnoderaielyl curiy and combed. He wus m^ corpuknt not 



aid h*: have » roimJed, small face lli; had a v.t\lc. reildl^U complexion. His 
c:>c& wore hiaci:. He hiid fong isycloshe^. and mu^L-ulurjomi^, jnsi ihc piiri 
bciwccn his -^htiuldcrs was jl^o ^nl^cLlli^■. Tht hnc oi hjiit kilv-ecii his nMli 
iind chcil WJ^ LluD and fine Hi^ rulms und ft!*H were stiun^ he iis^cil To 
walk limily ;ind Mmi^^hlly. anil lie u*.cd Ui lum aroiLnd allogcihcr \villl his 
whol<?hfidy. Boiwt<^n hi'. ^Jinuldcrsihcrc was ihc seaT «f pruphtthotid; And. 
be (pbuhi Is ife seal of :ilJ hopheti. He wa.s i>i jtll niiinkin:! ihe mosi 
gencrtms, mo'il couugcoit'i, hhisi irulhfiiL most faithful, tEic bcsi lo live 
with, and lUtf iiKJsi liospiUbTc to accoiiifwny. Whoever saw him for ttw fiTM 
lime venerated him, und whoever rmxed with him loved liim/ Thi^n his 
descnber *aid. i bavi* never seen hclbn- hiui (jt ufttt Tiiiti itnyoi^n who 
iv-'emblud him, ijcjcg be upon hiin." 

The DescrJplton of the Messenger of Allah 
(pbuh) In ihe Gospel 

tbn l^Iiaq said. "Among things which readied mc iihiiui thai wtik-h hud 
been rcvt;dcd u» Jssi ihe &:iji 4'»i^ Mar>' m ihe Gi?spcl, for his fo|lijv.ct>, 
dcstiihing ihc Mirsscneor of Allah iphuhl. according Mi Yuhimn^ ^hci 
Aposdp ^hcn he in?erihed rhc Gi^spel for (hem fmm the Tcsmncnt of ha 
ihe Son of Marv\ concerning [fie Mi-siicniTer oi" Allah (phuhl, thji he said^ 
"H<^ *ho holies me liiicc^ the Lord. Hxcepi for ihai I h^d cJone in iTw^ir 
presence Ihmgh thiii n[> one haJ done before nie, Ihcy would tia^c not hid u 
sin. However now ihty me iliseoniemed and Ihink ihai ihey will ovcrcumir 
nK as well ^-i Uie LorJ. but ihe word m Ihf Kcvclabnn miisi be done. lhe>' 
hulcd nie f:iLsely. Bu[ when llie Mimjiii'"ii^"'i ^h" Ailoii will licnd lo you 
and who isu siicrcd spirU from ilio Lord, conies, he will be awiiness of mc 
and vou also because vo" were uiiih m<? in the pjmt I um lelling vi.*ti whnui 
ihis noi lo have any doubl/''' 

Muii|]aniaHna in Sj-njc ^lCLlll^ Muhiunmod and lie is Paraclete m GrteL 



I. &i'llh:Gu^l.JDhn.r^23'26. 



<%X^ A ^^A^ A AM 



II 



!g^ 



m- 



V^JwS 


THE MISSION 


^v" 


*^ 


AND DA ' WAH TO ISLAM 


^^ 


•M 


UNTIL THE EMIGRATION 


m 


^M 




®g^ 



yf' fYf 'fYf 



The Mission 

When Muhammatl. iheFfopheiuf Ailiili. [pt>iih)hci;amij furly years old 
Aikih sent him as a mcicy lo [he worlds and bcinor af gtHid tidings to 
muntiml. All^b h^ m^du a L:ompaot wiih evm Prophet, whom He had soiH 
before ^im iTint h^ sboulJ believe in Him. venfy Him and :'indicmc Him 
againsi wimtvtr ilisugrccd whh Him. He: rcquiicd of ihcrni Uui ihty sliinild 
ton^cy ihi-s to everyone a-Uv believed jn (hem. and ifacy iill e^nied tmi lhei_r 

AL'Curditig lo 'Aiihah (iriflv Alluli l>c pleased wirh her), ^When Allah 
warned lo hpiinr Miihjimiiiad ipbuh) and huve metty on Hi^ *hCnam^ 
thmiigh him. ihc firsr sign ill' prophcdioutl lo Ihc PmphL'i ipbuh! was ime 
Visions. Whenever he saw a visiuTi fthik sleeping it lumcd lo be sirikingly 
true, like [k^ hrigMntss of duyhiEak. And Allah nidde him love soLludc no 
Ihul he hiicd nolhmg more ihan lo be aJoiw/ 

'Abdul-Malik ibn L^aydillah reported thiil ihe Prophei iphuh). ai the 
liiTic when Allah wnntcd ic» besiou His gnjtt upon him and begin llhe ^-late 
of) pmpheihoodn uouM hiiad ou( for his purpose and go as Inr a^ ihe 
nioLinsam pn^^^^s ijl Makkah and Ihc !xds of \is valkyji \vi\CK nu house was 
,s«cn. There was iHil a iiltrnc luu a irce llijit hi; jiafi^d by. bul ^vouTd iay. 
"Peace b« upon you, O Mc*isengcr of ATlali'V The Prt>phei [phub) would 
rum to bis jigh;, leh dnil behind him and would Imd no mori? than irccs and 
^tane%. Thus he kepi on seein? and hL'aring suc:h lhiag% so long ys Allah 
wiJIed, Then Jibril (f»e:u:e be upon himl t;ime lo him wilh AiJah's finite 
while he was iniiu-a"'" iit Uk nHHilh of RaJiiadan. 

,A<-*cording \a 'Ufenyd ibn 'Unwyr. the Prophcl of A}lab (pbuh) used [o 
slay m pHvnty in MIT'S' every year ftff a monih (o praulice ruiuiMiuth 
twoi?ihip iit\d devmi'in away from idOtsK li religious siaTc tnuwn in Quruysh 
in The pn^-Klamic period. Ever>' year during Ihai momh ihe Pmphei (pbuh*, 
\voulil wof^jp in prvaty anj giu' food lo M>e mdigeni who came to him. 



I. A uniumajn (Tim niikfiiWki^ CniinVnM(#hi 



Al ihc end of [\k munih. Uic IJrst dung he u.-sCtl fo do before reluming home 
wus 10 go 10 llic Ka'buh unci ciroimiambulutc '.evt'n times or ha ofien jj. 
Alljh wishud: ilwn he would return ili his Iujusc. In ihc nmmh (vf Ramndin. 
in whicb \l\ah wiJlcd rti honor hijn wiili the Mi.^sjon, Oic Pmphci <pbuh) 
^j»( loltiri* us was u-sual \o him, and his family was with him. When if vjos 
the nighl vn uhi^h A^!:ili iTomiiod bim xviih Hi* MffSSJige. Jibril cami! tt> him 

wiihlhecaiTiTTipndof AITiiti. The Pmphci J|>lnih)':nid. 

"Jfhnf rtinu- in rnr while / wvs usti'cft m n ttAerkt nf hrtntulf vhtrfim 
utia t^tmnhiuK Mriti^ii. ami .miii. 'kt^iilf t .\atJ. '/ Jn noi read' Ha- ttt/k 
irw unit iiitwezeti mf so i^hem/^nriy tiuit HlUvighf it k/i.i etralli: Itnn hv 
kr me gif iti\d said. Ready I said. 7 da not ftml' Hi- wok mc ittui 
Jijitre:^ TJit aif vnhnnt-mfy ifuii f Ihiu^hi a win t!^iiih: rf/cit Jir li'i itif ^e 
and siiid. Rciuif I said 'Wfuit .xhidl I rcjirl'' Hv rovk mc mid sqUfGcd 
'iftssti vehi'int-mly ihiti I ibnu^tu a was deaih: ifw/i fit jhh/. Rtnid/' I 
Mtid 'iVhai ithcix) .ihidl t 'i-ad:'' fie irridi 

« ttfHid! ftt the Name nfyoiir U>rd. Wiia hiix tveared tatt ihtii ^AiM^i. h/a 
t^TVuvd nuiii frim u rhr fa piete i^ thick eoii^idated hioiHti. tteadf And 
yfiiir. Lord ij rhr Ktrntt (leiiritmf, Wtjv lias reufihi {dw nndnxf ^> f'W 
ptfll^^K tliti rfibsf" mo't that whkh hr knew not. X 

fAi-"Ald4. 1-3) 

Sol rtad. and he UJi mv. When I got iiirfnim my.^tfrp. itwasasifrhe^ie 
H'f/tds were firntly urittm ti\ mv h/^ari. When / wcni inn midn-ity m thf 
mmmtidit. t /Kiiid u w^rf ftOfn the i*\ .layinfi. O Miduinimad.' } on an 
the Mc^'H^ifii:' tffA/iah aifdf ttm JihriL' t rm.si^d my hrtid up Nfdic yk\ in 
see fw'ho wnx upeakmg) nmi il ^nsJihyU m the form <i/ o mart wixh/eai 
asiridr ilic hflFi^tt. uiying. 'O Mufuirnnjiiii.' Ytut are the MfSK^ti^tr of 
Allah mid i mif Jibrii t yroml tnti xraririff at hint, rvithet aii>imgfiir- 
wofj uar huckwitrd; Ihnit t nmde mv fhire turn myxiy from him. bur 
n'ittdiever dirtrtton of the iky llatiked. Ifnaivlhim the aimp. And J rt- 
mnincd .sisli neittier fjyoji'i^'mg nor rrgrt^smg. unlit Khadijah seiri her 
ines,ic-Hxrii senrdiina fm nif ai they reached ihe hi^hrst poini oj Mtik.- 
kidi iitut r^'iiimcdtif ht'ywhiU t i%'in riilf fit iJte ttune pfuct-.- fhen he iqfl 



r Thcfliil pciMJiiiiiHrucw'i^PujfihflidrklEDfX'fO. 



jrrr' / 'rnan^f M '"V f.imily t {-ami- io KiuitliyiH and xm fj\ hei ituxh 
ftUK: lo hfi. a/'i^ Hiked. O AfitilQihim, \yttenr hut yon hirn'' B\ iMhh^ 
i setii fflv rnfiicnxers io hofi fht ytiiK J* ''if> reniiwA Makhih tiritl w- 
lumcit If IK.' Thea i apprtsfd hvr of ■^-hn: Ihitil sfetv. iimlihe wiit. if^.- 
joke, O cousin tinil he finiL Surpi\\ hy Hirn in Whoic Himii'^ KljaJijtift'f 
ittaf. t hnptMy \fmk thai yoa t^Ht he lin PmplKi ofihis naim. ' " 

Then she put m <^ijJTabk) ck>Lhc!i Lin J went nvt Irj her (polernaT^ fLiTi<in, 
WataqLih ibn NiiwfjiF whi) had beceine a Christian- and whi> tcad tuxiks nnil 
l^^l(^t^eli frLiin fhcise ai' tUc Torjh and \f\t Gospel- She irdormcii him ,iht)ui 
whui ihcr Prciplici i.phuh| hid lold hcc of what lie had swi^ und he-jid. 
Wari[q;ih i^nfd. "Holvl iloly; Surely- by Rim in Wtiosc Mand is Wardqali's 
SonI, if you are [elling inc ihe ijuiii. O KJiadJjiilx Uit-rc tia^; cnmf ui him ihe 
grejiesl Ntimds ii.e. Jibril) who carai: MQ'ia before. -uiJ ht i^ ihc IVophci of 
ttiis nation. Tell him to be firm." 

KhJdljuti rciurncd lo llic PrvjphtJL fpbuhl and lold him what Wui:i^ah had 
said. When the Prophci (pbuhl had completed rhc period of sfiTiiudc, he did 
as he um accustomed lo do in M;*tkah. While (here, Warjqah rnei \\\m and 
sniii. "t3 rny hrcthcr's ■ion, icll mr whai you have *iccn and heofiJ," After 
lelhnp him, he said to the Prnphcl (phuhL "Suctiiy. hy Him in Whose Hmid 
is Waraqah's snoLycii arc ihe F^tiphci of lhi> niition. TIsiirf liiLscuTTic to the 
grcaiL's'ir NdiiuLK. who camt lo Miliil. Surely, ytiU will be called a liar, you 
uil! be hun. dnvcn out. and fouf^ht! If 1 weieaUvc that day. I would stippnn 
(dw roligion of> Allah to u victory sueh ihni He knows," Then he Icuncd 
near him aiidkiuEdhUfuiichciidiUicnLhcPntpbcL (pbuli) leluiTied hunic. 

The Bcginniiie of the Revelation of the Q.ur*ao 

The Pmphct (pb[]1i> hepan li> receive revelaJions in R:*nindfl!n. Allah tHl- 
Almighty says, 

i Tftf mimih lAf Rtimnrfiiit in 'i'hitli wfl.r rev^uli'ii >!if Qur'iin. v fiiiitto'n-e 
far mtinkimi and dear prutifs Jar rlie guiduine tinti ihe i:riii-ntiii ibc- 

YAl-BiH|iiriih: \^5) 



4 Vtrily} We tuivf svpi itirhia Quriifil tiuwit in ihenishr ofM-Qath (De- 
cree). And 'v/uil wiJI nioktr yi/jt Aiifm wfutt the m^hr tij At-Qiuir /Djfrm-J 
a? Tilt iisfilu iif AI-^Qatff tOcarcel is hriiej itian a itionsiinil iiumihs T/.t 

wershippins Aituh m tfiai nigh h huar than numfiippin^ him a thait- 
stiiut m/iniha, i.r. H3 y^prs tmii 4 miMilitk Tfiertin dii.fcfit/f ike ann^isi, 
aiu! tii^ Kiih IJ/brif lG»hriel)l 6v Atiah's PeFmiX}iion wiih tiU Dt'ireri. 
Peavd iAH ihai iiiaitl. Ihert is Pfiiii^ tind Ci)ifitm'\.\ fnmi Allah iti Hh 
ti^Ht^'ing \tovi-si iinril rlir iifijienninte iifilunfi^ ^ 

fAI-Qadr: I-5> 

^ UA-Mi'n /TJurA* Iflir-ff a'f imi' vfihtr mini'-Jf* 4ifihir Qur'fui iimI nunc 
but Atinli tAli'nt-} hitiwi llwrr nieaniiiff.i]. flv ikf iminifi'yr Hifik ilhi.t 
Qur'thit ihit makrs ihirn:-\ dear. Ifr jrw/ if iilii.'; 0\ir'tiij} it/iMtt fi u 
iitfued flight f{i.r. ni^kt of Qiulr, Siinih A'o; 97} in the tii/mfh of Rimi- 
oMh. Itfie 'Jih nftmih o/tfir JsfJimic vuleuthirj Verity. Wtare ever narn- 
ittg ttnanhnti rhai Our Jormetu witf rraf/i rhrne whu iftshnlir^-c in Our 
':&Atnaji tif LPnithiff /nut in Oar O/jrne-'n itf H-nrsMpJ- Thrrcm Uhut 
nigfif^ u iiecrcfd tv^ry •aaiier of orditiiimcuts- Ari\nm (i.e. a Commttnd 
vr ihii Qiir'itii iirihf n^ifi' ftj ^I'fiy mfttlei') fran US;. Vff^ify, Wt or*! 

cytrsmdiaji Uhc Meueitneri},^ 

^..,i/yim hove hvlievttl in AUahand in liiii! tvliii/i iVe iti\l thun tv Our 
.^hve iMuJuinmia^U tHf tJte Day o/fritfiinn tfifn^-^en nffhi and ^-njiifi), 
tliL' Hity iihfii rht nuiifinrrx mei {tif It'tUle 'ifBrrdr). ^ 

TIi^ refcu m Ihc conrraniaiinn betwtiim rlie E*nipl]ci (pbnhl jiid liif 
pt>ly[ heists in iho Gallic of Badr 

Khadijah, the Daughter of Khuwaylid 

Embraces Islam 

Khodiiiili. ihe JaughtoF of Khuwaylid hdicv^d in him <phuhl. She 
vcrrrifd \\\\A\ hiiiJ ^om^ u> hini fTum Alluli- and sAipptvnctl him in his inai.ier, 
Shv wius ihc first lo believe in Ailah und H\> Prophci, and in ihc iruih (sf his, 



■<i> 



mc^saec- Tluuli^itl licr, All;ih itUcvtJ burdcrvs ihiil iiffJicicd His Prophet 
(pbuhf. Mc ncvci brard ^nnoyinL- Ihings, us u rciclion lo fiih mi:^sagt! unti 
feJj;iryJnE liim uhich ■Hadd^neJ him, hui Allah comfoaeil Him with her when 
Iw TciLiriusl homi;. She rtiiiforccd liim, ullcviared his hurtfen, certified his 
tiuLh, and helinted men's opposiiion. Mjv Allah AltnifitiEy huvc mercy upon 
hpf ! The Prophci tpbuh|saitl, 

1 wti'i aHtiiiumdcii Ui jfjvr Klmdijah tlir ^nni mititp iffn JiintH ataiif of 
curved peoris tvherf in ^lUbeno tmist. ntfr drudgery ~ 

The Pause In Revelation 

RevehTion paused lor a y^ik so liiai Ihc Proprtel fpbuhl bctamc 
diMufbcd uml liLprcsscd. Thrn Jlbrlltainc wiih Sttrat Ad-Dnhii. in w'hich his 
LvrI, who iKid honoitfd hina, swofc ihii He Ijiid neiiher fnmakcri him nnr 
hmed him. Albh tin? Alimghiy i»5y«, 

ai\ thf foiciiO\m {uftc tun-iK^ri. timt h-v fJ'r nif^/it when it iu sfif! iar 

T*hhl 16. 1 have noi abandoned yon. nor houfd. you after Invingymi. 

•iAiid iiiilfr'J die Hi-n^njrens fteiirr for yitii ihun tfte pn\\n\i ihftr €>( thin 
wofldi- ^ 

Thar j,s. Whui I have fur ymi, \m your ivium lo Mi;, is mut:h bc^iicr ifian 
Ihc bunuf liMi [ hnvc pnivjUvdyou ia l^i^jnundanc woild' 

^And v-trlty. your Utrd ivitt ah-^ yt/a (all ij. jfifodi ttr ihniytfv shad be 
ivrll-pieasBtl. ^ 

That IS, of victory m this mundane world 3»d recoiHpenie in ihu 
Ht'rcHftcr. 

dDiif Hf iifi find you {O Muhananndi on orplian and^mt iwu a rtf- 
Hi;e'' A»d Hrfimndytisi uFiaMtirc iofthe Quriin. iix iegid tii\y\ imd i*nr- 
plit-lhinut. f-A-.J and ^uidt-d yoa? And He fiiand yiut ppar^ -Osld miulr yoii 
rich f Seif-Su^cL-fff '\itf\ si'lf-cvilentrnenl. gtir^}?^ 

AII;iEi hi^ncc: roniinds him of how He bcsiflwed him with Hps honor and 
kindncas ii5 curly us he whs tirphun. poor ami ui»Euidcil. as lie Mvcd him 
from all dial ouiuf His nitrcy. 

^_® — 



Tliai is. do nor be an oppTcssLor or boasirul. or harsh ^nd stem towank the 
weakservanusof Alfcih- 

Thai ik. talk nbrui ihc Grace and ft*ovidence of Allah and ifie hotrar of 
prophL'ihcwil. und cali people to il 

Tln^reforc. the Prophci (pbuti) bc?ari ut proclaim secseily Allah's Grace 
lo him :inti Hi'^ seivarns ihixnigti pfiypbcihtwd. i(» anyone ol his people 
whum k' could imsi. 

The First to Embrace Islam 

The nTSl malt to believe in Ihe Mc.v^nger pI AMati (phuh), oircr prayers 
*iift hiin. and lo verify in his divine mcs^u^c was *Air ibn AbT Tilib, who 
wu>. Ition Urn veura old. It was Allah's favor and griffc on 'Al^ thiii ihc 
Qurayjih va^ e)tpa-rfd lo J severe crtah. Seeing thar AhQ I^lih hud many 
children, dw Pn^hci Iphuh) told his uncle. Al-^ Abbas, who was one of [hi; 
ricliest uf Bunn HiUhiiii. "O "Abhas. yonr broiiier AbiJ Ti^hh has many 
children and as you sec crisis prcvals, so \c\ us go together and (offer to) 
aile^'iiiic ihe hurdcn ot his children so each of o^ Lakes one of his sons," 
AI-' Abbas at'i^'d They s^em lo Abu T^lib telling him ihaiihcy wanted to 

lessen ihe tC!q>t>nsibilUy of his children umil die end of ihc c^l^is. AhQ Xdlib 
iai<L "Do wbii y^Jii like so long ai yuu Icuvc nic ' Aqil-" So [his Prophci n>at 
*Ali Jind Al-"Ahbas took la^far. *Ali remained wirh the Mcs^nger fphuh) 
umd Allah scni him forth as a Ptophci. 'Ali foltowL-d him. believed him, and 
verified hi^ tmth. 

Some schnbri mentioned ilial when rhe time of prayers cumc the 
Pr^qihci (pbuh> usjd lo go out to tlic mrjunuun pasics of Makkyh 
accompanied by All, whii went disguised from his father, unel^a. irnd die 
res! of hifi people, There ihcy used to oiTer prayer until nightfall. Tliis 
continued iinijl one duy AhQ lalih canw upon ihem whifc they were 
Dffcnn£ pfayer. And said to the Prophet (phuh>, "O my broiljer'?i ^on, whai Is 
lhi^ religifm which I see you loUowing?" He ansv-ered, 'O Urtcte, thb. h, (he 



iviiiiion iif Allah, Hk angcU, and VIU MesMngcrSn und tlic fcligion of our 
fiifbtT Ibrahim. AlfjJi hiisst-m meiiiu MfssengerfolHii>>ervani^. andyuu. 
my jni:k\ mo^ dcscr-c that I should jdvisc you nitd caU yoa to guidance, 
iind you ure llit^ mv>sL i^onhy io msponil lo nie and liElp a^." Mis uncle 
rqjUcd. 'I cmiHoi foi?.akc ihc it^figbi! of my anticsioi^ whicb Uic; fuUuwccJ. 
but by All-ih you ^haW never mcci wiih anyihin^ lo ufJlicl you i^ii long a.'* 1 
live;' 

Afierwardv Zuyd ibn iiariUiuh ibn ShurjthbTl ibii Ka'b ibii'AlHld'l-l^iii 
h^kUiic i» Mwsfim. H'l^il^ i^'f* JIJ^^^ ibn KhiiwayliJ cjunt from Svfia with 
KbviK amfing iA'hiL:h wm Tiiyd Lhn Harilh^ih. HU piiri^rna] junr. KhLidiijih 
who w£is ihcn wife ol ihe Prophci Ipbuh} visited him. He asked hut ro 
chiHJve any ihc slaves. s:> she chose Zaycl. "WhctJ Iho Pii>phcl (pbnlil r;aw 
him, he jskt'd her lo dcdjcyic Zayd to hita S^ic did stJ und he freed him und 
then iidopied hini, Thii was herorc iht revelaiicm, Then ,^hu Bukr ibn Abr 
Qutiilfah wlmsc niime was Ailtf embraced Islam, AbQ Qu^iilah\ nanic was 
"Uihrnuii. WhtH Ih: bctuifie a Mtiilim, !ic dcvlniicil hi^ Wiim i>pt:nlv uiid 
cdleJ oihcr> [o Allah unci lo l\i> Mc>>cnger He was ii ric>ciablc. i:as.y and 
well-liktfd ni:m among hi'^ pcoplo. Fk- km-is iniirv abtmC (hi' ^^lod .ind hud a\' 
OuTuysh tliao aayciic clx. I Ic i*as a Micrchuni t>f higli momls anii kindness- 
Uh people u^ed la go 10 hJm socking hLs ndvice in iriany m^iict? because oi 
his wide knowledge, his experience in cimimiiric. and his -itjciablc nature. 
He began 10 call 10 Allah and m IsUm. ;d3 whoever he had confidence in, o£ 
Lho^c svho u:icdtncon£ to him anctsu wUh tiim, 

t^Kȣe wbi> accepted klnm llir^JUgh AbQ IJakrwere; *LTihmln ibn 'AffiM, 
A^-Zubayi' ibnul- Awwam. Abdur- Rahman ibn ^Awf, Sa'd ibn Ab! 
Waq^as, iind Talhidi ibn 'Ubnydiliah. T\ks^ were the Tirj eighi v»ho 
L-inbrji.-i:(l iMtam, ofTcccd prujcr. and vcriAcil its truth- 

A\'K^ ihem came: 

Abfl 'UbaydJih ibi^ul-Jarnlb- Abfl SalDthuli ibn AhdcMsad. A]-Arc{!im 
ibn Abel-Al^aIn"'^ UihEnan ibn M^fin imd his two bfnJTiers* Qudamah 
iind *Abilulijl], Ubayda ibnul-M&iilb, Sa ill ibnZdyd lhn 'Ami and hi?, wife 



I. I^la^ liuu->c- v;liiji i^j^ iHt ihe )mIP ijL ^aI/l. iIv PriiphcM[ibLdiliiin1 lo irnicainlr lo fill petvic 
Id Nam. Linhl ilLciriiirvhcrnf Muilmu tutUlHConicfcrl> wiL^ Ihc j.iEioi o| LlrUU. Only l!viu\i*\ 



Fitfmah, sisl^r d" "Umar ihnul-KhmSb, AsmS". Iftc tlaiiglifer of j^Q EJakr 
'A'Jsbuh, the iljui:hu:c of Abii Bakr, who was then afill yoniig. KhahS^h 
■ftmul-Arail. Uimiyr ibn AH Waqqas. "Abdullah ibn MasTui, Mas'iJ 
ibnu: Qjri\ Sniii ibn "Arnr, 'AyyOsh ibn Ahi ftahi aU antl ms wile Asnitt, 
llic Jaughler ol SulJimali, Khunays ibii ^udhfirah, "Amir ibn Rabrdi. 

A^Klullilh ihn J3!ish and his bfuUier AbQ ,'Uiina];!, Ja far ibt> Af>i Ifllib and 
his wife A^Enu'. die JikUiihlcr of ' l^map. U^iih ihnuI-UaHrh and his vvife 
Faiimah, ihc daughier of 'U-Vluplhl «nd hi^ hrnlhet H^iUfth ynd hi^^ wife 
Fllka>■^^ab, ihi? .Jauyhicr of Yasar, Mu'ammar ibnul-tl;irilh, As-S5'ib ibn 
'UlhaiSn ibn Mas On, Al-Miiuulib ibn A^.hai and hi* wife Ramliih, \hc 
daughlCT of Jbn Abi 'Awr. Aii-NabhSm, m:d his name is Nu'aym ibn 
'Abdiliah. Ainir ibn Fuhayra. Khatid ibn Said ibniii-'Ai and hi^ wife 
Aniinah. ihc daiii^hi^i- of KhalC aai'b ibn "Arnr, AbQ Hudhayfah ibn 
'Utbah ihn RabraH, Wa^jkl ibn Ahtlillah, Kliasid. 'Amir. AqlK and lyj-s. 
llK sons of Al-Bukir ihn Abd Ya\\\. Ammar ihn YSsir, and Suhayb ihn 
Simln ar-Rfimi*". 

The Prophet's Public Preaching 
and the Reaction to it 

t*copk cmt>riit:ed Jsliini ia large ^OLipi of btilh men aad women uniiT 
talk abfiul blain previuttd m Mntk^ih. Tlien Allah commanded His 
Messenger frt pnhlici?!! what he had TCteived and to call feople 10 AlJilh'S 
commands. Afier thrc^ years i»f w-rrei prc^chbg. Allah c^iinmindccT him to 
declflte ihcieTigion. Allah Ihe Almighty snys, 

i?Vrt^ftw pf Dt'/ufm (jprnfv M/'^'/^J l'Vtl,m^lrJ^ fstainit- Afyncv/it'iini> 
fjiof itftifftyiTu unr L-oiimtinu/i-tt. timt sum away fnnr M-MnahFikuii fpoi- 
yltaists. iihUttets. and Mmiitvcrjy elC. -Jte V.2: 105).^ 

f Al-Hijr <>4) 



\. BuliBJ*! IV iiii Arjn, ^ut Hc wua likcn m i cjpilvr h^ itir Hual^ll^. n lie was hraiehi ap ivtih 

a^nr- A man fri-III K^lb boU^I htm :.iilL «.IJ Fitm InMjtklh.' AMuLIJh ilin JjhIsjiR hnuiih> lum 



And ^igaitu 

4AniI H'rtni witr mhr fO M\miiiiiini} nf n^ar Uruireif. Aitd he kin/I uinF 
hiiuhf,' I" it;.' h'h'i'vfn whit ffltfim yifu. JJwn if itu'\ dUifhev yoti, my, 7 

(Ash-Shu 2ra'::i4-2J6) 

WhtfTi Ihp Proplwl'.v Companions wajiLcd lo offer prayer, r.hey used to go 
10 the mounuiiii passes of ^[;lkkall sii iis lo ctmceiil iheir prayers from ihcir 
people. One diiy while Sa^d ibn Abi Waqqas WhU.^ offering prayer rjinwig a 
group of rhe Pri>phtfrs (pbuh) Cnuipiininxis in ihc nnvunuin pushes, a hand ut 
Ihc polyiliciMs lamc upon ihcm, rmlely micmipUng liicni, mocking ai ihcin 
for ihcir prjycis unul ii cumi^ ui 1>lc>w&. Sa'd smote a polylhcisl wiih a 
jnwhtine of i, cjmel and hurl hiin. 'Riis wus llw firwl bloodshed in Mam. 

Wijcd ihc Prophd (pbcHi) cAplitiL];- pnjfcwrd Isiuiu js AUjK had 
commiindijJ him, his people did not forsake or Uim auMinsl him uniil he 
criticised iJieir gods and idnls When he did. ihcy gatherctl in denial, 
considering him Jiti i:mfmy\ iill ixccpt j <Ii."spiw;d oiinoniy ^vjwmi Alliih the 
Almighty hwi prdiettttl by Islam. The Ptnphtr^ unde, Ahfi 1f\hh was kinJ 
10 him ;ird supporicJ him. 

When ihe Quraysh disa>vEred Ihal he would no( give up. yei he 
wiihdit'A from ihcTn mid scorned thdr idol*, as well as ^hc ini-i Lhar his 
nntjlc supported him and would noi Ici ihcni reach hmi- s<.imc of ilwir nobles 
weoi lo Abu Talib nnd said. "O Abil lalib. your ncplicw ha.s instilled our 
guds. ^icurnirU om itii^ifin. di:iiw]iiml aur life ^lyk jiml oei^uscd our 
umx'MoTs of misguidaiico. cidici y*iu mtinl stcip him or you muii Id us gel 
hun, for you yoiiraclf are in The same position ai wc arc in oppo^itioa lo hlin 
and Vie will rid you i^t iiiin/' Pie gave Ihcm a poLiic reply und a soft answer 
soihcy Itfi him. 

Tht- Prophet I pbuh^ coniinued on his wjy. preaching Alldh'it rcllgjon and 
calling monhiihcno, A^ a result, hh rebiiims wiihthi? Quruysh wcregeitmg 
worse and men Ajtlida-w in hosUhEy. They were preoccapicd wjih his affair, 
stirring vp *ine ani>ihvr against him. TIjea dtcy spoke lo Abu lalib for a 
second unie and said. "O Abu I^ib, you have a high and nobl^; po^iuon 
amcing us. and wc have requested ^cju la cease yom nephew's jtis bu^ ycu 



huve noi done sa By Allah, we cunnijt beiir Ihiit our forefaiheK hi reviltd, 
ourctislonts mocked, and our gods insuhetl. Uniilyou rid u^ of him we will 
hgtjf boili of you uniN one side perishes ". 

Abu Xalih scfii forihe Praphcupbuhi and said. "0 nephew. \our people 
have said so ^nt^ ^o, St;\ak iw ani^ yuur^Elf. Do nm milk niu tndijie UHire 
ihan lean'. The Pixiphi;! (pbuhMlidiij*hniiailits upcic tiadi:hanged]iis mind 
and would ahurdim him. and had bcconjc ihun uf supporung him. He 
answered, "O my uncle, by Allah, if they pm the iun in m> ri^hi liJnd and 
'ttit intun m my tofj on eondiuon dim T nhandon Jhis mjllf r (i.e, Islstm), imul 
AllJh has made it iriumphanL or l pciish itierejn. T would m« abandon It"' 
Then the Prophet (phuhj wepi and 'itood up. As he uimed away his unde 
called hill! ^nd said, "Com^ hiiLk. my nephew." upd when he c:inic bui^k. he 
iH^- "Go and say wImtcvcF yt>u hke, Torby Allah I will never give you up". 

When the 0'«^y>^b pcrceivtd that Abfl Tfllib hud refund to givt mc 
Prv^hdt tpbutii \o thein. and tba: he was determined io purr company with 
ihcm, ihcy weni to tiini with ImaruTi ibnui-Widid and said, "O AhQ I5lih. 
lhi& is ^Imaruh, Itie mistiest ajid mosl hiindst>riiL- voung man iuiiuiiii llit 
Quraysih. so lake him and you will huvc The hcnefil of hia imellfgence and 
Kuppon: iidopi Jiim sih 3 son iind give us your nephew, who has gcmc against 
your religion and ihc rclieinn of your ancestors, disjcmcd the unity of y^mr 
people, ridiculed our life slylc. soTh*!l we may kill him. This will be man for 
inaq^.!' He leplied. "By Allah, dtis is an evil bargfliii, would you give mc 
your ton lo feed him For you, and [ givt yiiu my ^on in remrn to til! him? 
By Allah, this shall never be" Al-Mui im ibn Adiyy said. Your people 
have been Hmr with you. t^ikint; poin^ lo abMain from whjt you di^Jikc. I sec 
Ihfli yoj do not want lo accept anyrbing from dicm-" AhQ X^''*> ^«d, "By 
Allah, they have not treated we with ju^aice. y^ni have approved of hctraying 
me and helping tlie pcopJe again« me. si> do whnicver you like/' So 
condidons deierjoraied, lUe fighting became fiery and peopk? wcje split up. 
antl dearly dispUyed theiTenmiiy to their opp^inenis. 

Then the Quray^h ineiled people against tlie Companioov of Iht TVophet 
(phuh) wTio had hecome Miishm-s. Every tribe fell upon the Muslim.** juiong 
d^cm, healing Ihcm afiJ enlieing dv:m From their religion. Allah proieeieU 
His Messenger Trom ihern through his nnele who. when he saw what the 



Quray^wcic doing to BanuHfishimimd BanCi Al-Mu^alib,lic ini'ilod ihem 
10 siiid with him in ptofccting \]k f^ophet iphuhj. Tliey agreed \g do su, 
cRCcpi Abu Liihabjhe^jccufNeJ enemy of Allah. 

tile Words of Al-Walld Ibnul-Mughirah 
about ihe Qur'an 

When ihe seasori oF'pilgrimage w^is due, a numher of ihc Quraysh wcnl 
\a Al-Wilid ihnul-Mughirah, wht> «as j man ^if som; sljnding among Ihem. 
Ht addicsscJ dicra saving^: "0 Qtirjiysh. here is dte season ol pilgriinflge and 
depuiations of ihc Arabs will came lo you and iIkv will have heard ahnm 
ilus fellow oi ymiF5» so a^scc upun a UJianiinoUi £C*yotuuaii Ibiiv tcmTd cnji>y 
iJw jpproval of rhem all wuhoui dii^puLC^ fiO Ihyl none wilJ belie The olher," 
They tcphed. "fiive us your opinion abnut him. " I le .^aid, "No you talk and I 
will listen." ITiey said. "Kc is ,1 soothsayer". He said, "By Allah, he is nol 
ib;it. for he has noL ihc murniurLog and fhyntiiig of sooiluaycrS speech." 
"Tln^fi hi? K pchsciscd by Jhrn." They ssiid, 'No, he iS noi thaE." lie ^aid, 
"We have seen pos:ics,S(;d oncj*. and no mhinuaiaons peculiar to thai state of 
mind were deieeicd. " Then he is a poet," They said. "No he i^ floi a puei. 
for wc know pviciry to jU itA toniii im<J mcUCs,' ''Thi:n he U piatUcing 
wUchi:rjfl." They said. "No. we hava seen sorcercis and tbcir wiiclKrafl and 
he hift never h^en involved in rhe prafhce of hkiwing on Ihe ^nois " He 
said, "Then whai ii^ we to Jiay, O Ahlj 'Abd Shams?" Tlicy avkcd. "By 
Allah, his words are sweet, well bjkscd, and huitfuL and iill what you arc 
lepeating abtiut him is esLi^bhshed lo Ik false. Yet. [he most propi^r ihin^ 
you can say :iboui him j^ dial he is ii magician who ha^ hrou^hi magic 
words with which he separaie-s heiween hriXheis. spouses, ;tnil Tamil ies ' He 
Raid. Ai Lhi.-i point ihcv Icfi tiim. aitd hcgan 10 s]t on the roads whkh nicn 
tftlc when they come to the fair. They ujiTTurd evcryoni: who p;]?-si?d by diem 
aTxiui Muhammad's di\;ds. Then Allah the ATmJ£hiy revealed concerning 
Al- Wfllid. 

dteavf Me Aftnie iio druh nilh nhom I (rfrotfd Alone {n-itlH*«f any 
m'^aiis. tf Ai-Wiiliil ihmif-Miishiriihit A'}d ilit'" ^KHJrti hm rfitmrcrs 
iv iihiuiJante. And duldrt'tx labtby his sn/e! Ami mcirtf tiff smotnh iinJ 



foritifirtiihte far him! After nil ^imi hf dt^irfj; fhai i sliotiU ^ive ihori;; 
J^ayf Veiiiy. he has bee.n smbbom ami {'ppourig Our Avcti fpmofs, e\' 
ijlearf-'f. vpmm. kssnaa. -iigiis. ityflarutan. fh.}. ^ 

So these n\CTi btyaa lu spread ttiis Kpon flbouc tUe Proptjci (jrijuhl to 
whocvcf ili4?> met w) ihur Ihe Aralis lc\\ thai Ijit knowing atKJU* Ihc Pn.iptiel 
(pbuh). undhisri^pijraiion was ihcn iipreiid ilimugbimi Uic whole of Arabia. 

How the Prophet (pbuh) 
was Treated by his People 

When ihe Quraysh bctiinic dislurbcd by the troubles ing£tfriijg ocuuiiy 
bciWL-L-n ihi^ii! ajiil Uic Prophci \p\>M ami [hi: Muslinvs. ihc_v incitej agjunst 
bu^ foolish moo svhu i:;ilJetl him^ liarjmithim, and iictLscil him uf being a 
iPWt. s<ircerer, n dmncf, and oi being po&MSscd. However, itie Propliei 
T|A7LJh) cnniinucil lo r^uclmni uhiit Allah hud oni:ii)wd him lo profess. 
coni::ca]iHc nothing, imd cxUrinp dit:i]' dislike by uimlciimiiig Ihoir loligian, 
■wiihd(^\*mg from their iduls, jndiibanJomng t^;eln for their d^sbcliaf. 

'Alidulllih ibn Amt ibnuFA^ repoacii, "I was wiUi Uicm one day when 
[he notables had {"iKhcrcd iii \he Hijr and ihc Mcbscngcr of AllaTt iphtihl was 
mentioned. Tlipy sLuid ihni ihey had never known -inything bkc !h<! difficulij' 
ihey had undiirvJ fmm ihh fdlow; hj h^d riUiculcd ihcir way of life, and 
cursed (he [dolji ihey h;td okcn ;*^ pods. They also said thai whui ihcy bjd 
borne was cKccded all bearing. While ihey were lhlL^ discussing hirun the 
Prophet lphv(IiJapprOiu:hedlhemandkissctllhc Black Slcme, [hen hcpas^^d 
T>y Ihem ns he circuxnambuJaied the Ka bah, A^^lwpflwed ihey haraswcj him 
wilti ntinih. 1 otKervvd ihis on die Tdte t)f the MFhM:nger t)f Allah (pbuh^ 
Jteweni on ind -Js hv pa^^^f by ihem ibe second iime ibcy repciiicd the 
fLitnie ihinj;. Agjin I observed ibis on ihe fiice of ihe Messenger of Allah 
(pbuh). Then he passed the Ihird time, ;md Ihey did ihc same. He sioppi^d 
and said. "Wiit yttst listen lo mc. Quray-sh! Hy Him in X^lio.sr hand r,v my 
Sfftil Itimr hrttu^hr \m yimt^htcr (i.e. dcstmciioji. iTyou di> n^Ji bchcvcl." 
This word so ihrillcd the petjple ibai all of ibcni siood :^llem and ^idJ; even 



ilift>c \vhf> H.\6 Siihcfift hei^ m<wl vldlcnl. spnkc lo him in Ihi^ kindcsi wuy 
IJiamMc saving. "Co, O Abul-OJ'^i""'' l<>'^ ^y AJIah you have never boon 
ifnoruni.'llio Pmpliei (pbuh; \^em :iw^i>, and inihe momfng ihcv gartiercd 

in(hL'£ii;r J W3,s ihcrv lw. ami Ihtry rernmilctt cucti crthcf ofuhailiaJ (akch 

plyt'c bi^LWL'i-n ihcin mil ihc Proplw^i ipbulij jnd how ihey tell liim alone 

*hL'n he Ji'ipli[\ctJ MiintrJiing unplcj^sunl. WTiilc liicj v,zic rhuiu lulking, \hc 

Vmphci iphuhj ,'ihowed up, Luid \hvy lc;ip?J ;ip"n hrm iis gnt man anJ 

encircled him. sLiying. "Are you iht' one who .^jy^ jUi-nnd-M Jigainsi our 

gods ind our rehgion?" The Prophci {pbiih) sjud. ^'Yes. I am ihr one whrr 

sny.-i {hit" I sav one of ihein seizing his cKuhf.s. Then Abu B;ikr inicrpnsPii 

himsdf weeping and 'liiying. "Would yuu kill a man for saying Allah >s his 

Lord'/" ThL'n liicy I''''' ^1^- Thill i> ihc wnl^r Ihing Ihaf I ever saw the 
Qurjy^li doing lo hini.' 

Hamzah Accepts islam 

A nuiri of A^lnm^ vnho h;*J ii g*>J nitmor^^ laid inc ihal Abii Johl piksscd 
by ihi: Propht?^ <pK"hl :il Aj-S^fS. and mjitrcd him, maliciou'vly offending 
hU TK^Iigion and tcymg u> lidiculc hi^ cuum-. The Prop^ui ff^buh) did not 
spciik lo him. Dining this, a mati-tah of Abdidlii]! ihn Jud an \sas in Imr 
hixiiic li^lL■nin^ lo whji wit. going on. Then he l*;fl iiim and wcm ti> an 
as!i<:mbly of lKc Qomysh iiL the Ka'bali und jl^i ihcr*.*. AfltT u lillle while, 
iiii"!/^ ihri 'Abdcl-Mtiiiihh appfojichcdn niih his bow hitnging on his 

^houldci biiL'k I'liTMi Uh.' hun[, foi Ih: \v^t> t'ond nf Nuniing and UNcd W go i>iit 
i^hDoiing. >^''bt3Pcvcr he returned I'tum n chiise he Uacd Ki suluic cvcrv 
akstfnihly {if ihc Quritysh he inei ttTid ^Lt»p to ■<p[:;ik with rlieMti. He wa]s the 
di^;iresl and simnacsi man oflhe Qumysh. (A[ llmt iimc ihc Pruphei [pbnb) 
had goTK hornL',1 ijiini/oJi passed by Lhis uunrhVi, \vho ayki:d lum, "O AbO 
Imarjli. hiivc >oii not heard of whai Ahul-Hakn^nV' ' ibn Hlaham h;Ls juM 
ilotn- J \bori wliile iigu to your ncpficw. Mulumrnnd? He huJ ft>und him 
>iiirn^ Theiv, so he injured and iTisulred hira, jiJ in^atcd hira bjidh. whereas 
MahuioiiioJ did ii« uiiCf a wurd. " ^anuiih v^ay caingicd. Ibr AlUti wiuiicd 



I .\t«i\-H;,i..,n, h jni"liciepiUidla'^Ml^,'HltnJinu^i« Ann iJpiijl-Mii^iriih ihn AtaJiiUAh ihn 
Mu]>li/rim. 



Ifi hmn nwK NO tfr \vcm oui ax a ruii and did uol slqj m grccl iinj-one. 
inlcnding lo quairel wiih Ah" }M when lit uiti tiim. Wht^ he cnicitti liic 
nui>qut; l»e saw fiim sifting among Uic people, iind wtni up lo him unul lie 
stood be^iiJc him, ffwn he ditnv i^ lits bow and Wii him a \iolcni blow wiUi 
il, saymg- "Do \ou hun him *J)iJc I follow hi? icli^ion, [tcid say what he 
.«jys? Strike me b^k if youcml" Some of Jianu MjJ:h2Qm gol up to help 
Abu JJiL hul iht' buer sail "Lci AbG ■ ImjTjh :i[one for. by AllalK 1 injured 
Ills nqihtiv deeply." Hamzah's Islam was complete- ^tl lie foITowed Ihe 
Prophet's {pt>uh» iL-achings, When he embraced Islam, (he Quruysh 
recognized ihai Ihc Pfophci iphuii) had bceomc ^iRinger. and thji H.im/nh 
would piotcci hiiiv and so (hey gave up Munc of Iheir harassmeni againsi 
him. 

The Words of 'Utbah ibn Rabi^ah 
about the Prophet (pbuh) 

^Utbahiht^Ruhrah. whLiwa'i a master. ^id one day while he v/a*i silling 

amcint :iv: Qumysti assembly and ihe Pr-iphei (phiih) v-ns siuinii m ilic 

mosque dluric. Why ^liuuld J lun gi> lu Muhanmiiul and mukc sorne 

priijH'saK lo lum *likh if he iippm\os ^omc. we ^vijl givt' him u-h:iiev'er he 

vvunw. and he wiTI ti-'u\e us m pciAet-?" Thai was af let Hariizah had embraced 

Ishm and :incT iho number of ihe Prnphefs (ptiuh) r£>Llowers h-*d increased. 

They ^icecplcd- "Ulbuh sal by Lhe Prophet (phuh) and said. "O my nephew, 

you Ajc one of us as yoti kntm-. of lhe robleM of fhe clan and hold ^ warrhy 

siaiu^ in ficiiealogy. You hiive hrooght jolit piN>plc in immeo-se ntuirer, 

dividing iheir umiv iliereby stnd ndicutitig their way of life, and declared 

Ihal Ihtir anccMors were disbelieve is. ^o lisicn U> mc ard 1 will make some 

^UggesiiPii^. Jnd muyhc you will b<: ^ihte lo ;i^e wiih ^nit <>f them.' The 

Prophet (pbiih)soid. '&vf/hfin| O Almt-W^iiiJ. I iini fhvman.- Ht went tm» 

If It is mmicv thai you ujrl, wc will gaiher for you of our propt-ities so ihiU 

ycu tii;iv he lhe wcaltliie^i of um if \ov3 w^ni honor, we wiU mak- you our 

bead so ihiil no one can dciermins anything wiiJiouL you; if you warn 

,wereigntVH we will make you tmg, and if ihis jinrn which yoii we, is .suUi 

[hiU vou taiitlo[ gCI rid of him. we wtll find a physician lor you. and drain 

oar funds in eciimg you lecuvcCL-d. for a faimiiiir '^pitii niny get po!vSc,vsiOTi 



of a man unli! he tah he cured of ir." The Prophcl Iklcncd paTitiitJy. and 
Ihcn said, "fiiiveyoiifmishfJ. O Abul-WafUt'r He replied m the afrinn;i[ive. 
soihcProphd (pbuh) .sanin "S'om tisien to me." Ilesatd, "OK. " Ttie Prophet 
(phuhk said, irecitmg iVorn itii^ Qii^'^n). l"^ '^ Name of Allatin Itie MtJsi 
BciicEiLcm. liic V1u>i Mi:Lcr1ul. 

f^^/A/f^fl."' -^ rrVffiiUim fnifii Miuh. rhc Muji Bfttifiicnr. Jhf Mvsr 
Merrifiit.A BikiK nhvrfn/Htt Versi^ii ttre (jiptairifit jn tftUiU: a Quran in 
A'tiJ"'cJv*' prf'ipif nho binrw- Giyiij^ ^hsil iiilmjf.\ {of Partuhsv to tin- one 
■vfru hflievet irt the Onenfn^ ^f Attah) ami fmm AHah much iiihstams 
JitmiiiU imttii iifsiii.t imit fvi! itrtrhl iimlltiv^x Atfah mitrh (piriftirming 
all kiml^of £o<fd ikeds ivltiih f/f 'wi ordairicii}]. and numips {ai putt- 
iMuimnt m /**■ Hrli Fire to rhe rwic n-ho ^i^MiVtcv in tfic Onrni^.ts ufAt- 
khl hui mo$i of thin lumonay. so Thev /jifc/ tior. Aiuf tfwy foy: Our 
htitns arc uiuler wvinngs {strefntdi Jr^ifn t/ioi la vihich yott itwitt 

And ihc Paiphcjt (phuh) i:or»tinut^ [o recilt: i[ li.c- Surut Fii^iitit) lo him. 
When 'Uiliuh heard Ihiv he liMCned ciircfully. patling his hands behind his 
back ittid lennin^ on ihcma.s he Irsiened. Then the Propher Ipbiih) tiidcd at a 
vctM 4>f pL(»srr;]EE<in in ilii: Sfimfi'-^ and pro.siraicd hllIl^^^{» and hjtid, 'Tmi 

ha^c h^ard wliBi \oa liaiV ht:,ii'ii. O j^M-W'*j/iJ, titid if ii «/» tn ytiii." When 
'Ulbah wcm back lo \ih colIlpjlni(^n.^ rhe)' observed thai (he expreivsion on 
hjs raire had compJeiely churgcij. :iid ihi^y mkcd him wUai hid h.-ippejiEd 
He %a\6, I have heard words suiiih as T havi: never heard bcUve. which hy 
AHah were neither ptwiry, magic, nor swTh^yying. O Qiiraysh. \iike my 
advice .irlJ do is [ do. leave this man uuurlv. for hy Allah, the words whith I 
have heard from hini vill bccon^e o( gicai repuTaiion, M tlie Arabs kill han, 
yon wiM have l^ll:n gui wliai you wani, Jnd ifhe geL-vthebetier nf ihc Afiibx 
hiK sovcmgniy will be y<iurs, his prt*vr be yours, nnJ vou wiil be [Jw 
boppii^si Ibrough hiTn." They %aid. "3y AlLih he ha^i heunitched yc^u with his 
iCiRgue," He replied, " Yau have niy opinion, 50 6v what you sec llL" 



I "llir'K^kTiW'iirciiitf ^lflBcnliraUc^u1EbcQu^'^o.J^JnuDchLH A|liiliiAlmc>iuh'pwutitfii;i^^^^ 
? TJhit pi ibi- *vi»c ilidi icd*)). ^.lrji//F(ir"nMMi[f Jtii Si^im me tht mght4iiui ihritny. ai^ the nn 
ami tilt fijVFA Piiryratf l^f\| m ilir \uii w t" thf mwr. bai pnvtinat iv AUnlt U'^j <niaifd ihun^ 



Negotiations between ihe Prophet (pbutil 
and the Chiefs of the Quraysh 

hJam^cpt on sproittTing in Maltltali umong men niHl women of iHb irihes 
<:if ihc Qxir>iy^h. iiltht^uiih Uil^v ouniinui^d luimpri'^cm uni^ seduce ii,< n^nnyilf 
iLp Miislim*; as lliev could, Thii leading mi^n ?if pi'lT}' i:Tjn of IhL* Oilmy^jfi - 
Utboh (bn RxihraTi- Shuybjn his brother, and Abu SLrfyfln ibn Har^'n ^^l 
An-Nadr ibmil-Hijrifh. Abuiaiikhtiirt ihn Hisham. AJ-Asu*i 
ibnut-MuUiilib, Zaivi'ali ibnul-Aswad, Al-W:tikl ibnul-Mughlrjh. Abij Jahl 
ibn HishfLm. 'AbdnMuli ihn Abl I'mayvjih. jnd APAsi ibr Wail, Nubiiyh 
mid MunulibJih. ihc iwo sions uf ilal|3j. und Uiimyy:ih ihii Kh(i)af - all 
giiibeicd Eogclhcr after sun.icl ijulNitlc the Kii'h^ Thty decided to send ftir 
Muhjmmiid lo negoiiMit uiih him 'io ThsU fhcy o/nuid not Jw Iwld lo bfame 
oil hi'i :u;c»um m thir futiiii:. 

When rhcy ^em ft*r him, (he Priiphel tpbiihj canic quickly ihiiiking thai 
u'hai Iw had saifl oarlltr lo ihem tiail mside an tffcc^ He wjs keen iar llidr 
WcUaro. jiiJ ihciF camipr way of life upsei him. ^Vhe.^ lie sir down wub 
them, ihcy miule it ulour lo hiii^ rha* fhcy bad cafTcd him lo laJk lowcthcr. 
"For by AU^h none of ihc Arabs h;id ever insulicd liis pciipJc as y*>u hjve 
Jorn^". und Ihiry rcsiirtizd iht* accusjinon.s which have been irenijonetl bch>h;. 
"If ii is v.caiih flit»tyc*ii wjni.wc will ni^ki; you ihe wciilihlci^i of us alL if il 
K honor, wc will idiikc yuu our (;hii:f; if U is kinsship. *e will make yoti a 
king: if ic i*; a ]ion which hai lakcn possession of ynu, rhcn **<? m lit spend 
o|ir myo.cy U> rind the nieditini; ^o curoyod. " The PriipbcJ <pbuhJ n;piietL 

'^yniJihif; ofniKii yfii nrv h thic Wfiat I f\avf br&ufiHl in 'tin Ui s^Evnur 
pftffh'ftv, 'n^ fiom^r- ii'irr-ifif: wii, lifjr it'iiifi v^iir ti^if. bur Alinl- fmiy' "^nt 

tidifigK Til \t''i itatt u* ivu/n wu^ t Isirw Htfonpffi \iiu rhe itten-figfi i>J my 
Lerd, and ,eir*?H JHU nond ttdvio}. If ynti itnrpr thai vhidt t Iia^f 
hriM^ht you. then Vfiu ivtH fiuv^ a jutniou in this ^mrlil ami :hf H^re- 
iifitr: fl/u/ if v«P* r^jevt it. I Kun i*nly he poUem tmiii AlhiU jmt^us hr- 
sweeft tat and >»u, ~ 



'WcU. Mtiliiimmiid;' ihey saiil» 'if vou ilo noi acctpi any «! our oners 

you kmiw Ih^l no ptupic liuvc shonai^L' '^f IjiulI and lAfltci. anU hvc lI toucher 
life Ihan wc do, so ask your Lord, Wlu> bus scn( you, lo imjvc fnr us ihc^e 
rimuniaini which cntlu^t us, imd "J flj«cn iiut our country fur u*.. und lo 
niHkc rivcrv Hl-^^s in il Itkc llio^nc of Syria and Trmi. und lU rcsurrcci for lis our 
ancestors, and ki ihete be among $hoM thai uie rc^urrcticd Tct us Qiisnyy 
ibii Kih'ih for ht wiL\ J iriic Sticikh. ^r) ihui wt nuy usk Uicni whcilict whal 
you ^;i> I- imc or fidst. If iticy say you arc s|>i^jtin^ [lie iruih, ami yoti do 
wTiiii ive have asked yi;^u. wc will believe in you, anJ we will know whai 
your Wiitim wiih All»ii is. snd ihai He to..aGluniLj scm you as a Mj^^cn^cr 
as vou MiVr" He [cpLiud, 

"/ hm-e Mil Iwi'n sen! ri' you " "A imh Ihiii^a. I hinc viiiy frrousht you 
iilmt Mtiih titi\ .yiir mc mth. wuUiini^e pnMiinnu-d U n/i ij yau iii-crfta. 
ilu-n rtW nitf tia^e n ^mrfitii ii\ a/us "T'r^i tiH'! ihr hhrc^JIfr: arid if yon 
reject i'. f -ra" ""h f'/- poir/mi nniil Mfah jhc Aimifjhty Jtu^i^ei ln't\yHfn 
rue iiml v*ju. ' 

They said liut if he wiiufd noi do ihni for tTiciri, ki him do sfiim-ihing For 
liimBclf. 'Ask your Lord lu h«:nd an jnju:l whh you (o tonfirn* *hji ytiii say 
iind lo refuic iksi nst Him lo make fnr you Eardcns and tjisilfs, jnd treasures 
of gotd and silver lo fulllll yourwunis. be cause you goto tTic niiirketsas we 
doood e»m vocir JLvdiliood .ns uc do. m) thai wc may kaavj ypur mcrll and 
7H>iiiion wah AILh. if you un: a ftf^csicn^r Oi you alltgc." 

"i iviJ/ w>f */(» !hiii. "mid tfte MtrssenfieT of MUth. Itvu im the otie ur tijik 
hU Ufni toy sueh Ihiitici. fi'r i lvi^v m't Sfnr fit de w, hi\t Alfah has ir/il 
inr 01 <J fvarcmf^tnit nM'iKi lUiii a nwyifr. So ifyat inrt-pi tiiuil I 
Affli't" hrnitglM \i>u. tiirn vfiii n-ill JiiiVi^ ii porlitur in lliii MrHtl a/id thr 
tivFcuficr; imif if \fu n.jea il. t fan imly he fjanenj imiit AUtiU ihf -^Z- 
niij-hly jitlxtn irrtuccn "le utui vntu " 

They said. "ITicn ciuw Ihe hi^iivcn tu full upnpi \i> in pieces, usyou liiivc 
stvacilcd thai yoiif Lord can da hO," The Prophcl (pbvjhi ^judi "Vuji ixuprfAt- 
tfik; If He n.vnx.'c ifnli> it \t'ith v/m^ Hif w!ff ,!i, it.'1hc\ snid, "O MuhGinniiid. did 

your Lord noi know ihat vc would %i\ with )'oii. md aik yoLi thi^se 
^siions. so ihii He niighi come- (i> you and iciich you how lo argut' whh 
us. and inf<irni you ofwhai JHc vouiddo IQ us, if wc would not accept ^ouT 



nwssBge? \Vc knew IhaT you arc liiugh: b> !L fallow m Al-Yiimiini:ih. callizJ 
Ar-RaliTiiin"', and hy Alliih wc will nevcf bciicvc in Ar-Rajunan. Now we 
have luiKlc all cucu^es lo you O Muhamnwd, By Allah, *c would noi leave 
you lft:aung us J> yuu ilo. umil eiihei wo Jestioy ynu or ytiu dcMrt>y us." 
Some of Ihcri sjiid. "Wc wiHShip the angcT^ a> ihey jre ihe JauglilCTS of 
Albh," Oihers ^aidf "Wc ^till nra believe m you uniJ you bilr^ Allah and 

When rhey -inid [hi>, rhc Prt'plici (pbuU) gcH up and kfi ihem. 'AhiluUdh 

,1)^ Abi Uma>Fy,ih ihnul-MiigliTrali'''. ihe kiin (ifhk pulcniHl mm. ^^•eut wilh 

fen and ^aid, "O Mithamniad. your pet*pk- have made you ccnain 

projiosilion^H which you have refused; then llicy a^^tt:d For Ihcm^clvts ihingn 

itolnow if youi 'Status wiih All^ii^asyou say. so ihai ihcy migln behove io 

you and follow you. imil yoii did nothing- Afreiwatik ihcy asked yan w 

have sonKihing for yoiirst-lf. hy which they might kno* your ^upe^iorily 

over Ihem and ynui sianJjng witli Allah, and you did noihing. By AJliih, 1 

will ntvcr hche^c in you unlil you ffji >i Iidder [O Ihe heaven. :inLl niounl U 

iiniil ycM reach ir, whilp I am looking ai yOii. and ihen you tome diiwn wilh 

foiir arificJft ro li^sufy Lhai you are !^peakiD|r ihc tmih. and b\' Albh. even if 

you did thai 1 dn not think 1 .^hoLild hciievc you-" Then he svcnt away. ;Bid 

,iBe Pi^vphtii ipbuh) i^^ert lohis famiJy. sad and Jcpics^cd.sinoc his hope ihai 

Ihcv would havt acc;cpred his teachings was in vain, iind tiecause they had 

Jisfaneed itvcmsdvciH irom him. 

An AcEof Ab& Jahl 

When (he Prophd fpbub) had c^nc, Abd li^hf spi>kc. tnaknig ihc u^^uut 
diur^cs a°3iflfit him, and raying. "1 sweitr by Allah iliai 1 will wail for him 
tomorrow with :i uone which I can hardly cam. ^tu'n hi; prtisiraics hiniwlf 
in prayer I uill crack his hcjd wjih iU Betray mc of dcfejid rae. lei Banik 
'Abd VImiafdowhaicvcrchey please oficr thai." Tlity said Ihsa they would 
ncvcrbuiray himon any aeconnL and he could go ahead wilh h[^ aini. In ihfi 



I Nlu^j>fiBiL4ilhiiUbkiil7,il Ihiiiitn. triiiJiiJivMiiiBvljmriliitteUBrHffnJIedWiiM^ 

invflninyifct AH-Mrn.r1u1"niiifl(prc'lMjr(iii:pcriiitL 



-© 



rrmrniiig- Ab& l-M took a stone and sai in waiting for the Mu'vMi'iigeT of 
Alljh jpbuUj. who while in Makkah u^etl ro fact Syna in prayer. Wk-n \ic 
L^ornc to offer prayer, he uvcd l<^ siurid K'lweei ihe Yemeni ctwncr uod llic 
biack suijic, puiring the Kiibah hciween mmself ami Syriii. TUi: Piophci 
ipbuhj Ufsc 10 o^fcr pmyet wJuli: iln- Quiay^l] ^iii in iKcit assembTy. wailing 
for whar Abu SM v*a> ^aing to dii. Wht.'n ihc Prophci (pbuiiJ pi^>Hir:iicd 
hinisclt\ Ahi"i J:thl cyiriml ibc i.lonc jml ;ippmai:hed liim. unl i1 ht* gol flow; 
let liiiii and thi^n lie lurrictl back, pale with itnor. and ii^s hand had shriveled 
Upon the stone. >o be iliniw ii from hii fiand. When tlic Quraysh asked him 
whdl had happcncti, \v: replied. "When 1 gni tlo.^ lo hini a camel siaibon 
EOi m beiween w. By Atlah. \ h:i\c nevci seen anything like ihc head, tictk, 
-siKXiEdcrs, anrt ice!h ol ihai siaNitm. and be Inoked as if he wimld eai nie. " 

The Story of An-Natlr Ibnul-liarltb 

When Abu Jjh^ lolit ihcin *lliil Tud liyj?pc[ii:d_ An-Nadr ibnul-llarilh got 
up and said, "O Quraysh. you iiiv in a nhuftlion which you cannol dt'ai wiih. 
Miibainriijii w:i<i u young mnn. mo^t Eikcd ^moit^ yoLt. mosi iniEhttil in 
speeeh. and riiw! riusiw<mhy. uniil. when hi: ^je^- up. Jind bfimghE yon his 
moiiiage. you sjiid he wis asorecier. biil by Allah he is no^ for ac know the 
sorcerers and Ihdr spilling anti iht-ir kni*is. Ihcn yon said, a divinur. hui by 
AMah he is not. for we have Mx:n ihc bchaviOT of such people dud we have 
heard ihe»r rhynies. And you '^id that he i,*. a p*x"i. Imii by AUah he is nni a 
poc(. for wc havf heard all kind;^ of p<>ciry. You alsi* isaid he is po?scs>*d or 
in!^aiii.', but by All^di he irf nol, for ij-t- havu mn the p>os>,eased by jinri, ond 

he shfiw^ nE> signs of iheii gusping. whispering, nr halkleinulion.^. O 
Quruysh. look lo your uffaiR, for b> ATlah, ii is a yfiiou-; nmici ihat has 
beUllen you." ATl-^alJ| ib^uI-Mariih was rhen one of Ihc dc/ib ofQurayih. 
and ht used lo harm ibc Pfi>phe[ iphuhj and iho* him animosity. He had 
bfl-'n 10 AI-JHffjili anil learnr there ihe siiiries of the kmgi of Persiy. and itie 
i;ilcs of IfaMmn jnd Isfiindiyili' Whcit the Piophei ipbuh) held a meeting in 
whii:h ih: ttionEJuucii Alluli, and eauhnnfd lii^ pcopJi: of '•vhat bad Happi-ned 
lo hygnne ojitions a^ aresuh of Allah's wraTb. An-N^r s:t[ down when he 
depiiricd. saying. "1 can icll a berier story rhan his. Come lo me." Then Jie 
bcfiin to Cell ihcm about ihc kings of Persiu. Kusiam and IsfandiySr, and he 



■CE)' 



wuuriF \\Ki\ my, "\a v.\m wuy fs Mutinmnmi u hcucr >huy-*cllLT tti.in ! am? 

■lie Almighi) siLviii^r 

iYitti'nUiir Versti {fjf Ihf Quran} are rfcited h> him, }i^ say,i. TaWxnJ 
itic men of old!' ^ 

(Al-Qulam: 15), 
and ail such uUts mtfoiioTTcd L'onccining him in the Qui'm. 

The Polyiheisis' Animosity 
cowards ihe Opprf^^sed MusUms 

The Quray^ displayed ihfir animosity Jo oil Ibose who followed the 
ProphL'i *pbuhj- cvcr>" cliui iiMitckcd r.hcir Muslims, impn^unnig iiiwl 
lOEiunng ihun by hunger and ihirj^t. :»nd i^xposing Ihcm tt* Ihc hutning lical 
ol MikKah, -^o is \o dra* liicm awiiy lYom their icligion. Some >urre]jdcrcd 
undcj piusurc uf pej-iccudon* unii uhi^ cn^urvU. bcin^ pro[e4:Li:d t>y AllalL 

BilaL w1li> was laicr fa'cd by AbCi Bukr. ;i[ (hai lime belonged In one of 
Bunfi Jum^tj- (^"d tic wus bum ^^ u sbvc mmmg ihcm. Ik u':ls a laLihful 
MusJim iindpuic ofhcuit, Ihs falhcf's naiDC '^a.'i Raf^i^uiid his jiioihi:r wa?« 
called JJimiiimiili- lim^yyah ibn Khuliif^ used lo l;iy him on hi& buck in ihc 
opei7 x'ldley i^i iNe hnii^si iiiTLe nf diiy und pui :■ grcai rock on liir^ <:Ih:i<1: (hc<t 

iic would say to him. "Bv Allah, you wi!i remain like ihis urnil yciu diu or 
deny Mvihammad jod woi*ihip AT-Ull and Al-'U^/A" BiTSI used lo say. 
onduriii^ thi* hiirdship. "GncH One!" 

WaraL|Jih ibn Naufal passtd by hini while he was being loriuied and 
snying, 'One. One!* and he j;aid. One. otic by Allah. O BilfilV. Then he wcnl 
\a Lliujyyuh ai^d ilio^' of Bcinfl Junialj who ^^etc had Lfms niiilitcjieJ luin, 
ond said* "I swear by ATlah ihni if you kill him m ihis way 1 wilj cake his 
flimib) n^ ii p^ucc o^ blessing." Ojic day Abfi Bakr passed by hhilu (lik:y 
weie lorturing him. Ho ^ujd lo Mmayyah, "Huvij jiou no feai orAJlsJi of ho'*' 
ytiu treuE tlii!* p<ior I'ellow like ihi^'.' I'nfil when wd] you Jo Ihi*;'*" Ht; 
replied, "You nre the one wlio siKsilcd him< vt suvc him fmm his diffjciiiiy 
that you ,^c," "I will." s'iuid Abu Bokr. "L have got a black slave, luicgher and 



slrongf r Than he is. whu is a TO^n I *'i^ '^^^^^^ ^i'" i""' l^"^" " '"^" ^"^^ 
was carried iwL and -'Uia Batr Lcwk liim and cmiinciputed hm. 

.ffijai waj* the ^L-vcnlh ^lavf In be freed by Aba Bs^ before Ik emigrated 
to Madmah. The niher m% Muslim slaves wetf ' Amir ibn Fuhoyrah. Umm 
^Uhayi :iTi(l Zinnirah, 'aIio lost Iter iiighi when he cmancipilcd her ond ihe 
Quruvsh sjid, "AJ-La[ ,ind AI-'LTi/S have taken away her sighr bill she 
sflid/"By the House of A!hh, yoti lie. Al'Lil :m J Al-lb^Ji ncirhcr harm nnr 

prfkfii;' *io Alljh iu*^<^ her sTg^r bacL 

He also IrccJ Aiv Nahdiyy^ih j>nJ hrr duii^hler uho weri- mMrcaicd by 

Iheir »iiiMn?«s. a wom-in of BjnCl 'Abdud-Dar He passed b\ (hem when >hc 
hi*([semih(^niwilhiiomentitirofheis. and she wus saying. ^B>Alfiih. I will 

never release you." Abu Bukr. said. "^Viibdraw yaur ouih," She said, 

"Wilkiraw il? Ydu spoiled Ihem, so you errianopaie them." "Ihey ugired 

upon Ihi.- price, and he said. I Uke mem und ihcy are free. Give her n.>ur 

hiick so her/ Tliuy .said, ''ai:^til wc ntii lo Tmiili Ihe grmding and ihcTi lake 

(I back luhatV" HcsaJd. "Ii iBupU? you." 

He pa-Wed hy a ^thc-slavc of BanQ Muammnl, whi> wua Mushm. ^Umar 
ih!iul-KhH*uab, dicn a pdydtcisi, was tortaring her :o make her give up 
tiiliim. He bear her tmiil he wiv hoied pnd said. "^I hjvv only ceased hcaliiie 
yoii bec;«iKc of boredom;' She «aid. "May Allah ircal you ihc same." Abii 
Biikr bought her and set hcrfrw. Abu Qiib-Hah. Ahu Eakt's father, said to 
bim. "My sin. I see Ihal y^JXi are freeing Ac;ik slaves. If you want lo 
umnumit, do il wi(h powerful n^cn who could dclcnd you and protect you?" 
He said. "1 arii di>irg iTii'^ fof AUah's Siitc. " 

tljnu Makhzu::i used lo take Animar ibh Y^f oul al<itig u'hh his failicr 
and mnthvf. win? hud all cmhiacvd Islam, m the hcai of day and make ihem 
he on Ihc burning sand of M^ikktih. TUl- Prophti i.pbuhi passed ihem by and 

said, "Hf jmiU-iH. O fwiih' tif Yasir! Yuar mevt'mfi-ptin:e »--iU be in Paruiiimr." 
They killed hLs molPiof for she refused ro give vip Islam. 

U was the vlk Ah{l Julil wlio inched Ihe people i>f Mukhuh iiijamM 
Mu.iiims, Wlicncvcr he heard of a new convi;ri. if tit was a Tnai> ol noble 
position having rclBTion'^ lo defend him. he reppacJ^cd him and SCOffed ut 
him, saying. "You huvc abdnJL>ned Ihe religion of your faiher who was 
bc»cr llifln you. We will Jeclari: you a dullard and falsify youj opinion, dnd 



uixrupi ymir R-piiianou. ' rf [it; wjis a niciLlwiiit Ik would miv. "Wc Vi\\[ 
n-cKdc j4Mir conimrrcc und liJEtkmpI /uu." If Jk Wii> u wcjk person, he 
would hcM him JoJ Mir up pcqsle agaiiiM him. Said ibn Jubuyr saiJ, ^1 
iJikod AhcUEllfih ihfi 'AbMs. Were (hr^ pnlv-rhfisis imJlreuiifig the Proplici's 
{jihuh) CrtmpnnioTis lo llie cniohI ih^t uposEusy wqhj ciciL^nblc?" 'Yes. hy 
AM.ih.' he sajii. Tticy uwd In heal tfjL'ti uf iIiciiIh depriving h in i of food iUiU 
drink u> Ok aicni ihal ^it amkl hunlly sj( upiighl hccuusc of Ihc advcNiy 
iifnicting hjm, fi(j ihiU he may saj' whai ihty asked brm lo say. Thi:y would 
s;iy 10 him. Al-Ut nnd Al- L'n-^ your i-ods noi AilahV He would suy. "Yes." 
And u beetle ni^gh! pa>s bv ilitriii mid ihcy wtjuld suy lo him. This beetle \s 
youi i^iid not Allah'.'" He would ^y. "Yes". \n oidcr to get r[iJ of ihc [oitures 
being intlicii;d upon him/ " 

The First Migration to Abyssinia 

When the Prophet fpbiih) saw thtit he ctiuld noi prtia'ct his Compjinions 
from txpt>suie to penieciTtion and thai he v,:i!/. sparetl uf ir bi^duj%c iJl hi^ 
rank, wiili Affiih :ind lii-^ unek Abfl Jalib. \k said u> ihetn. "¥int mjy ^ /« 
Ahyssmnt. fur ihehn^ thtr^ is fatr oiitf \i\H isff\ aiusemtusTiit r/i anv/ine ami iiix 
\jt^nnt/y tinmtry. Iso yea may sieiy S/vttr) imul AlUsH "VW rvtitve yottfftm xmtr n/- 
JTiciion" Thcjeupon hi^ Compunions vfcni «f Aby?^siJiiii. tjcing afraid of 
sfdui'lion -jivS llceing lo Al|:ih with tbeir religion. 'Hiis was ihc first 
mitral I on in islum. 

Ttic llrs( Mu!ilim4 lo go v.'t;ic- "lUhman ibn Alflin WilU his wife 

Ruqayyah, the diiu^htcr «f ihf Prophcr (phiih>^ AbO Hutlhayfaf ibn ' Uibah 

wtEh hi-, wife Syhbh, \hc daughter of Suhayl; n^-Zubiiyr ibnuJ-'Awwflm: 

Mils' ab ibn lniii>T; Abdur-Rahmin ibn 'Awf: Abu Safornoii ibn 

'Ahdel'AMJd with his wife I 'mm S.iiamah. Ihe dauyMci of Aba Limayy;jh; 

'Uthiiian ibn Ma^ m: Aniir ibu Rdbiah v^Uh hii wife LiiyUi. ihe duugbicr 

t»r AbQ lii^ihmah: Abii Sobrjh jbir AhT Kuhm; and Suhayl ibn Bjy^\ 

Afit-rwiirdi, Ju'far ihn Abi X^Jib went, end MuslinLs I'ljIlHwed one uClci ihc 

oThcf iirri/ Tht'v lissemblfd in Aby>s^ium. Some loot ilicir faniillc^; uijd others 

werl idone. Ei^hty-lhree migracit.s waii r[>e tmjl miinbcr who wem to 

Abyssmra, apart from Jhile children whom they look of wbo wctc bofn to 
Ihcfft there. 



The tluraysh Send their Delegates 
to Abyssinia lo Excradite the Migrants 

When the QurnyiJi saw Ihsl Ihe PrctiiJu!t=; (phiiln Companions haJ Ibund 
fl'wcurL' huvcn in Ahy^iniu. [hey di^patcTicd iwostaunL'h nscn lo ihc Nc£us 
ro demand tUcu cuiaJiUon. mt llmi *Ik'v viiulJ ^aluvi: Uii'Ui Tini^ ihcir 
religion ;inti lake llicm cut of llwir pcaicful dwi^llmg. Tlicy scnl Amr 
ibmil- A-sanJ Abdulliih ibn ,\bi RiJir ah. before ihcy Tud embraced Islam. 
They iwk v.rih Uwni vaJimblt prc^enis lo Ihi; king and His piimuians, md 
Tilt!>' could win home oi ihc cijtinicn; over k> ihi:ir side. 

Lirnm Sabniiih. ihe daufhier of AbO Umayj'ah repcified. 'When ^'c 
rciiiiitd Atiyssmlii ihe f^egus gavt us u kinil rL-ui^, We safely pruciiLtrd ouf 
religion, iind wt worshippcJ Allah. wUhoui hiiTm or insuk. Wh^n ih^ 
QiiTuyyb knew. Ihey decided to v?nil lwo slimnch men lo iJil* Ncgui und lo 
give him sclcoiivi: and Ul^u^iuui presents frotn Mofckah. Lcarlierwork w^d'i 
cspcciidly ati.nitlive ihcren so ihcy aillck;wd many skia'i so ihiit (hi:y wsce 
able m e"W ^o ■M\ his pairicians. Tht^y ^t^ii ^Abdulliil! and Ainr 
corrjmimilm^ them m gi^i^ f:ich pairiciun his g^U hefnre speaking lo llic 
Negus about Ihc mLgrani^. 1 hen "hey wouid giw ilrcir p^i^^u^ lo ihe Negus 
and ask him lO iiiAe Ihc ijiigmnLs rciuri! before he spoke lo iliem. Thus, 
diev .suiil to eath uf ihu pamcians. 'Siimt: foolish persons frivm our people 
have loken asytum Sn llni king'^ cojiniry. They have abiiildoned Ihe religion 
of their people and hii^c noi aLtL-pitd yours, hui hav^ brought in an 
innervated religion whiuh ncidicr wc n;ir you knoft anything, ahoiw. Our 
nobler have sent u* lo the ting lo hdp u\ lo have Ihtfni hack, so when we 
tiilk TO him ahiJUi lliom, suggcil lo hiin lo give ibcin up lo us wiThnuL 
speaking lo fht'iTi- lor (heir own ptopit have ihc j-hiirpL.-ii m^ight i»nJ know 
hcM iiboui liicif rimh^.' The pjiritians agreed li» do so. 

They liclivered ihc piesenis lo iht Nepis ajtd when he had iiccertt-d 
ihcTnn ibcy sard lo him itie sinur word* whieh they had alreaiiy ^n.d to llic 
pfflrician:; absmi Llie Musllni'i, Nodiing w'tW m'^re undc^iiable to 'Abdullah 
and'Amr ihaii ihni ihc Ncgu^ >houU hear what The MiLtihin-i \^oulJ say. Hie 
p^Bridans said ihui iIh; mtn lud ^.pokcn ihc Iruth, and ihcir own people wen: 
lEic bcSl Ell know ihc imili of die miET^nis. They adviscJ him to KUim ihcm 



Hi rJivir own pcopJc. Ttic NcgRs bixjime -ui^ry imd suid, No, Hv All-ili I viN 
nol relinquish llcm. No people v,hi> liovc s.iu^i mj jsylum, di^-elkd in my 
tountr\', and wlecf^^d nK raiher than oihers, shiill be hctrayed. unLJJ I i:ail 
them and ask t\\cm iihuuf i^hal Ihe^e iwo inen cUum. If they arc a?; Ihcy say, 
I "Aill >eml Ihem bai^t to llicir own people: hm if wh^i ihey Kiy k wrong, I 
will defend them and ihty will receive suiiabto hospitality wbiTe un^Icr my 
guanJianship; 

Then he summoned the P^Jp^c^^ Companinns. and when hk messenger 
came llrey gdiiierfd.SJiyingonctu Jinother. "Wh^n will you tell the manwlicn 
yoii meet \iimT They said. We shnJI ^ny whiii wc know and what our 
IVjphet (fibuh.f onlcrerf us LeT it be as ii goes/ When they went to the king 
ihcy found thai he tiud called his hiihitps wuh tlicir *i;n:red \hhA^ nil 
dLspli)ird iiriJiind him. He a.ski:d rlicm wtiai ilieir religion wji for whttli tJiiiV 
liad :it)iirb1nn4^d their peopU. widiuui cinbriiL'inc in his religion or anv oihcr 
Ja* fill ibn f\h'[ Xalib vttjod up :knd said. 

"O king! We were pliiijgcd in the deplh'^ of isnorancc. and we were 
idoliilers. We urad m cii corpse-;, M crmmii ^iTMiminsilioRj;, lo ievefe bli>Qd 
tSfe, to neglect uur iltiiics of Itosfiiiiihiy 3itd nC'iEhl>oriinc^s, and to unc only 
Ihc hiw of ihe stmTij;, That was our life umd Aflah raised among u^ a man. 
wh(>se lineygc. iruthfufne^v. tumcsiy, unii puriiy we knew. He caHcd u^ to 
the Oneness ol AUah. and lau^ihi lis not to a^isociaic any[hrn^ with Him. He 
forbaiJe us the worship of ititib. iind enjoined us lO spciik ihe ^nith. lo he 
faithfuf lo our iniiis, lo l3c mcicifbl And ro r^rgarJ ilic Tighl> of Uie neielibittj 
as: well ^s l;j*h iind kin. and To refrjin fioni crimes and bloodshed. Ho 
prohibited us from f^immitlina atwrninjitu^nv. ^jie^kiny \}ir\. dovuuring ific 
property of orphans, and vilifying cb^sic women. He commanded u.i to offer 
prayers, torendcr jlins,imd toohser\c fasts. We b.ive believed in him. h:ive 
at'vipied his leoirhings, and have followed hiiii. We have al[oueLi whai He 
ha-s allowed, and have prohibited whai he \tas prohibited, R>r Ibis rea.son. 
our people uliitcked u>h ^md persetuieJ us in ciriler m force us lo ^t>iinduli the 
^oi-ibip ol All:ii] and rcuim lo the worship of idolir und (o rcgartl us lawful 
the evil ilceiis we oacp c<>mmirted. When ihcy had romired and eni;ircl*d 
Ljiir livus. until finding no safeiy iimun^ rhem, we have come lu your 
eoujklry, and hope you wil[ pi<>tcci US from opprcisiun while we ore w\\h 
you. O kmg.' 



WIlCll JafOT ^iiii UUH be liatl, Uic Negus Jskcd liini lo recite il (o h^m. ^o he 
recilcd Iftc opming verses of S^rcTf M^^O'^"*. Th^reupoh. tiy Mbh. (he 
Ncgu*. aU>as *iU» the bishops wopi lo .he oxl^ni .hdl fhr. kine's li^i^r* wei 
hii bcanl anil ihiTse "f ihc bishops wet their scroll?.. HcfL-. ihc Ntgus 
uRcluimtrd U «i.-m>i n^ ifiricsc words ami Hio^l- which wen: revcuicdm M 
ni^ ihe rav^ oJ Ehe hghl \^hich tlJi^'c r^ulca irom Uk smv: stiurce. lurmng 
lo The (WO envoys of Uk Quraysh, ^c said. Go' liy AlJflh, 1 cannaC give you 
biick ihi:^^ rt'fagcci and they shati nul be heitaycti.' 

When ihe lua ti:id gone, " Amr %aid- Tmnorrv^^v 1 wil[ [ell him someihing 
Ihia will uprat>i Ihnu :»H"At>dij]l5h, who can^ more ^houi u& (MuMims). 
,<uud. Do nm Jo ii. for ^hcy axe >rill mir kindred ihougti ilicy <ippoM; us; He 
said. By Allah, I vdl ull him ihal ihey tluini ihin Jc.qs, (he son of Marram, 
is a \ia\cr The tn-M day, he lold him dial ibay s:itj :iii evil )hing .nboiir Jesu!^, 
the son of Maryuni, und ihoi h? tlwuld summon lht;m tfi ask ahOUl it- He did 
S*>, Nothmg of (he kind lud happened lo ihcm befnre. and ihc pci»plc 
gathered tt^gcdier .vsking ur>e another wh;u ihcy shiwiW s;ii abom M v^hen 
ihey were lo be ;»skcd. Ttiey deciacti that Uiey would say whar Allah had 
SDid Lind whiii [he Pi-ophd ipbuhi had broufiM. So ^^■ben mey wem inio the 
king and ilie qLiesiit>n w.ls r-iisedK) Uiem. JaTai uhmvltcJ, "Wt say aboui 
himihat which OUT PniplKlipbuDliilsbioiighUsavrag- he isthc sef\':inUjf 
Alhih, Hi> PiiiphcU EIi^ Spirii, and Hi» Word, which He brenihed inW 
MarysiiT. the Virgin." The Nt^gus look a slick fnim the gfoixnd anJ haid, 'By 
Albh. le«iF,. Ihe srm of Marvjiiii. dues noi exceed what you have said by ibc 
kiikjih ol Ihi? Micb- " His hUiiops round bim gnr angry when he said iUis. and 
said. 'Hsen ihough ihey gnaw, hy Allah! Go, for you are j^fc m my couni^. 
Whijcvtr insull^i you wilJ bt punished. Whoever in,suUs you will be 
pimUhed Not even lor -i mouniain uf gold wiU I allocs *hai ^ny num of yoii 
should be hurt- He rciumtd llic plcsc^l^ lo thtm und so iliey left his 
pcscnee. dowm:.i4t. luking away dwir rujected rrc-frnls- while wc lived 
unrnoTesied in ihe best seciirily. 

While wc were living Ihus, a revoh aro-w lo ov^nhrow him, nnd I never 
knew griei as we did nr That, fcnrini: ihM [he rebi'lliun would remove Ihc 
Negus, and iJiiit a new lulct wouW come who did iml know oar ease like Ihe 
Negus, He weni cjui agairM him, ill the banks of the Nile. Ai-Zubayr 



fbmil-'-^wu'.lTT; vii/<]jjkvRiI. when tlio hi.«fifia^ |pMl! OHUi'Liiminv wtU" 
looking lor soniforiL' to ga lu the luiiTtt iirjtl hriiiji hdck news, lit wii'i [Hl- 
^yotnge^r nuin we had Wc- baihoricJ 4 lA'aioi .^kiii iinJ jiui ii under h\^ 

ihe NiJu. Tlitn he conlinuctl iinlil he mci iheni. MCiinwhilir -av prjyu,! lo 

iftllah (o give ih*^ Ncgu; vicrt.F>' over hl^ enemy und lu emp^wtr him'm liii 
own land: i^nd as wc were dwn^ sf), wuiiing for whm miphi hjfipen, 
A/Ziihuyr jppcjred ninnin^. waving wiih his uloihcs iv Jil' mhI 'Hurrjli. 
Ihe Ncgiis iia^ vanquished and Allali h:ii bcyicn hi,s enemies and empowered 
him m his IjikI.' B\ Alluh, J never knew yursches as hitppy as wc were 
Ihen. Ar ihc lime we lived m ihc bcM condiiian^ iiniil ^vc rcmmed iu iljc 
MciiCJificr of Aiinh ^pbuh) in Mafcfcah." 

'Umar Ibnul-Khan^b Accepts Islam 

'Amr ibntd-'As and "Abduflah ibn 'Abi Rabfyh rciuraed to ihe QuniVNii 

iinsiicccssful after hjivjng received a sharp rebuff from [he Ncg«*i. and ihci> 

"L!niar bccujii:^ a Muslim. He was nf ii dnunlks^ couri^c und rewlution, 

(KJth fearcti and rcspccieit ^nd che Prophcr's iphuhf Cnnipmions were 

securely e^labli^ilcd by hlni and Uiim/ah Ar^duliail ihn Mos tid saitl "We 

were nal abJe ro pL-rtonn pFJY\;f ill Ihe Kii^iuth untd ' L'ltiiir actCplCii Fslam, 

XfKr lbu[ he fnngfn the Quray.-jh m ortler to petf^^rm it ihorc jind wc 

PLTlomicd II \»^iih him" IJmar nccepled Mnm iifi^r ihc Tnigr.iiic^n lo 
Abyssima. 

"Urnar's eonvursioii (o Mani. us J hiwi Iil'utI uas a> rolli*«s. His sisicf 
FLLUmah. the ilau^bier tvf Al-Khaitilb cmbniecd Islam logeihcr wjih Iwr 
husband Said ihn Zjyd. hut concealed ihis faei Iroin ^Vm-ar. Nu'ayra ibn 
"AbduNiih iin-NjililjSm. Ircmi Sunn \Adiyy ihn Kn'b hud Iwtume a Muslim 
in secreT nut of lear ol his people Khabbiib JbntJi-Amtl ofien u.^'d lo tome 
tcT FriiimiiU li> reeiie ihc Qui'.iti n,> hcf. One day "L'lrnr carnc obl. £in wilti 
hi.v ™ord. heaiini: for ihe Prophet (plmhi, iind d gtoiip L^r hu Ojmpanjnns» 
afler being infoftned rhai rhoy haj niet m u htjuse di AaS-ifa. In uJI iherc 
vcre iitHini fony nu'Ti *iiid w<imen. There, with ihe Prikplirr ipbuhi were his 
uneic Uaiiij^-ih. Atiii BaU. jnd ^Ali fmrn iimong rhe Miisliim who Imd nor 
mi^jied 10 Abis^mjii iind liad Maycd wjlh Ihe Propber rpbuhl- 



Nu^.>ni ^cx -Trmnr m ^i'^M him ^'herc he was going. "I -m going 10 
kill Muh^minaa. iHc one ^vho h.^ ..JeuicU ;>ut .dig.nn. ^^^'U'.d "P ihc 
n„rivsh rifhctilcil ihcir imdiiiors insuUcU ilwir religion :md ^cpd*, L m-.r 
SfliLl '"Yiiu deceive vcursdt. Uniar/' he Ansv^i^d. "Oo you Ihink ihiii B.nu 
'AbJ M.nal v^Hlt lei voLi ..dk ,.. .Iw calh uflcr you kiJl Muh.mn..d'> Why 
du V.m m likeca.c of vauro^n family llrsl -^d <c^ .hcmnghl/ Wh.Hs 

tLu. w,n. n., ..n f.n..W- Ik .sk.d. ■ W bnHbenn Uw S. jj^ .nd 
vc:u= s^.i.r FSHm^h, h.vc boih en.hr.ccd khm and h.vc folb^rd 
Muh^mni-id .n his rcli^ioi. .<- y*.xt h.d helmet deal wilh rboii., h^ unswcr^. 
Thprvup^rr 'Umar rumcd In his sisier imd hmihcr-iivla^v. Meanwhile, 
Khubhib ^^■a. ^.■itll th.jri icciTmg .He miinuM;ripl Dr.V/^fr;f n^/i^r Wlicn rhc> 
hrard ^Umiir-s ftwistcps. Kh;ibh;ib depiirti^d lo a closei. jnd FalimLih Wk ihe 
pugc and hid it under her (hi^li. ILivmg hcjrd K^hbiin, i^cmiiion us h|. 
wmc Cl-^'^c iCi i.he bnu,s€. Umiir Siud, 'Whi^l j^ ih.s yrn^dc.s Miund I hc;ud , 
■You hc^Td liolhlng." thf.y aa^vc^d. By AtluK, I h^^ve,' h^ said. :ir>d I 
have hccn IntvvuKd ihai vmi hav* folli>w<^d ihe tcUgion nf Muh^mnyid; 
Hnd lie severely h^ht b>s broiher-in-luw S^'?d .ind hi;; ^isier Humah ru.hcd 
to rt«:ue bt^r hM^bhnd. W he 'iiru^'k una wounded hi;r iitso, Wh.-n he did 
diM_ they ^id 10 him. -Yv^. v.e hi^vc ^(iihrLiced Mam. und wc bci»cve .n 
Allah imd His M*:>senger. s.> dt> x^hawvc^ y.m like;' When Umar >aw iha 
blooJ on hi'. sLMcr he fell s^^rtv aiid smd lo her. Uivc nic whi« I heaixl you 
Kudmn jusi now so thai 1 niay we v^hai it U which Muhammad hos 
broutjIU'^Umarkncw wrliing When he ^i^^. hi^ sisU-r tk.«ld him (bnl ^bc 
did noi UuM him *ilh ii. He s^iid, '^Da ncH li^ ^fr^iid;' .^nrt h.- -.w.-rt^ by his 
gnds ih^i he ^ald re^uo it *hcn htt h^ read iL Whcr hf -aiil dial, she was 
e^er du,i he should became a MusUin, ajid syid [o h^m, "O hrothef. you aie 
impure because of vour p4,itvlhnsni ind none but ihe pure m^.y loiicli it." Si> 
'Umai washed himself iind icH>k die p^gc from lier in -which ^vas 5rtyor T-fi/tij. 
Hii^m^ re^ ihe opcmni^ v-:rj^ck. " Umai said, 'Ho^' line and gravclul l^ ihis 
.Hivi\;h- ■ v^Hen Iw^ heard imu Khahbib cuieijjod r;oni hi> tionecalmeni mid 
satd, -O. irntiir, by .-Mhib. I h«>p^ ih^i Alluh has -itflecicd yo*i by His 
Pn'-pLKi^s .^iipplieaU'^n. fur junt laM niyhi I begird him SHimi!. 'O Allah, 
suppon T^Taiii wim 'Abul-Hakam ihn Hisham or wilh Umar ibml-KJiauabr 
Alliik Mlalv -Ulnar." Here X'mar E^aid, "Clvnde me f^> Muhammad so ihai 
I rniiy muhf^'i lsT:)iiv- Khahbah answered t|>a( he was in die hLiuse ai 
As-SufiE idong widi hus Companiims. 



So -Untiir gin uiiij r^l^ worfl. toaca io[ ihc huiHun ^pbulii iinJ Iun 

Companions, an^ knocked u[ ilii^ir dcoE. Wlit-ii iftcy Ivafd his vcucc. unc of 
ihe :\fTnpi3iiion'< pt^cpcJ iliR»ui;h ii think in tho door, and when he ijw him 
gin wirh his sword, be wem ro ihc Pmphc* <pbuh» in Icar. cxclainimg, "It is 
-Utaar w.ih hL-; s^aid!^' H^imzahh, soid. "Lci Tiiin in. Ifhi. intoniron ifi good. 
we wolcDiih^ htm. wJiik if ii is evil, *t wijj kill him Wi^ his own s«ord.^ 
The Pmphci tphufii udvaiitcd aiid nid him in l^ie room, aughi laini roughly 
hy hi& garmcM and -icahbard. and asbjd. "H^iw/ /t-ij frmi^jrA, ^„n. jm/ uf Ai- 
KluitiQh? Fitr b\ AUtih, f dt> r^tti ihmk wm »iU nop {ymr fiersfimifm imiif Aim 
%fW> iioivo n CilUunity an you.- 'UniUT icplicd. "Q McsScngCf Of Allilh. 1 hi)« 
iiiiTW l.» you 10 believe in Albh and His Messenger itnd dial \\\\\\iz\t \\i \\^\ 
hrouyhl from Allah/ ThL- Pmr^^i ^pbuhi cxcfaimed xA^uA, 'Aimi. AkbL,/' 
■^'i ili;iT The whole hou6cho!d knew \hu\ UmiU h^d cmhraccd tliim. The 
Conipjinionv fch mure ?.cif^:[inndcnl witli ihc conversion of boih ^Umar and 
Mam^ali lo Isliim Il^ ihcy knew diat rhcy vwimJd pmeK\ ihc Prupher (phuhK 
aniJ ihM lht> would ^ei Their right rrom their cncimcs, 

*Umar «aiij. "Whan I crtihraccd kliim diar nighi i rhouglii uf rhe man 
whn wa?, tbe art:hcnciny uf iTio Piophd ^pbiilu amon^ ihc p^pk of Makkah 
and 1 wjnicd (o idl him !ihi)ui my conversinn Ut Lslam. 1 rtmciiitiercd Abl 
Jahl. In Uic morning [ Kn^icked m bh iioar. wkI he came oui and -said. 
'Welcome my ncphev.'''. whui hai bruuahl you?' I suiil lo him dinxUy. I 
hjvi:comiMoldlyouih;il I holkvc m Albh iind His Me-jscng^rr Mohiimm.iii 
aDilhavi^lcifiriedlo llie Inirh ofwhar he hjit hroughf." He- fjOi-oTy >1ammtrd 
Ihe door in my faug. guying. 'AllaJi damn jnu, and damn what you luv^ 

The Boycott 

A smes ol cvcnis hafHijLl IIil- Qiiray,sh: Uw peaceful soiikmcm of rhe 
Prophci's fpbjiii Corn|uinions m Afrtsj,ima under liic pmicetion of ihu 
NtpUK, IhocnnvcrsiiinofUinuiimailjinj^iiJuo l.slani, nnfl the bprCiiding of 
(slum among Jhe (ribe.H 'nity held a mcciiug and decided k.- veriic £ 



I Unuf'irMheiu-j^lliinrjmflJi, ifii Jjij£NcrrfHish3mihniiIift*ffihTr.liaiuJ 
AWJflW. 



docm^ctn ofMycon rn Binfl Hishim and B^nu Al-Muiiiiht*- Ihc arlicLes of 
ihv hoytPU vvere: nor w marry iheir womtu iKir ^Wc their women (o ihcni lo 
ni^irry: neither boy from Ihciii nor wil ii> Ihcm. Tbcn dxy seriously 
approvcii on Itic ^wmi^ iuid ^uspcnJcd ilie dwuniciii in ilic miJJ^e cif the 
Kah-iliiiiaieniinduf of Ihcireommilriu^n^ The wfilcr tfl'Uic dqiCiiitwnl o^ii-S 

\fflnMlr ihn "Iknmuh acainsi wliom ihePrrphfi (pbuh) supplicjicil Allah so 
some nf his fm^Fi^ hecamc parjlvTi^d. 

WhL-n ihc Quriiysh did ih-n, Uie tw^ clans of Banii Hi'i^ihiin rmd Band 
Al-Miiualib held :i m^-iih^ wiih AMi ISIih lo jom him m dcVendmg his 
iwphcw, AHfl Uihiib Abdul-'Uzzii Nplil from Banu HOsliim to supjKm the 
Qurajsh. Ut used 10 ^uy, "Muhiimmatl is pmrnising things which 1 cannot 
^cc. He alleges (h^i iJicy will l^iippcn ate dc:»th; whai h:us ho fnil ir^ niy 
hiind* after ihm7" "Hicn hi: blew m hl^ hdtids and suid, "Muy you ht vuu l 
can see nnihingin ymioflhe thing^ v.\\\\:h Muhiiininad says. ' So Allah scm 
dijwn tono^ming him ihc Qur'apic words. 

i'Perah the fwv huadu ofAbui^ttat. und /teriiih he: f 

TlKry pors+slcd in these ctmdiimny for two or duce yt-^r* until ihey 
became fatigued and only ^om: mcii^or iiUMiiitits itf fijod wi^rc secrer.ly 
antU^cJ m by soak compaisionaic people of Mai^kah, 

The MallreaimenL Lbat the Prophet, (pbuh) 
"Received from his People 

His uiKit and the rest of lianu H5shim Jissemhied rflunii ihi; Pi^phei 
(pbuh) to immunize liim from ihc ;»rfcnsivc ;iiii[udc of iht Quray^h. When 
the Utter saw Itiai they eoald nt>i g^i ai him (physically), ihcy winked 



I liu.vjiflirfitiflirhentviUirinnrite rcLtUlmTi nf ihb iiTrjA wfli thJil whCAAUiiIi Bnl ifcwn.^Au^ 
Hifr.i mur >r,h^ to M»V»wir«/> <if rirti^ Ko^hf^ f 'Aih^1ih\i-atS: 3J4|, iIk P^plwi (f*uhl wcnl 
iiul .tin tllmbo! Ilic m.TUiii Ai-Snlii- ite urial <hii J.ihU;. * llic> all ^imTicred lo hnn. Jhcn l» 
kfliil "// ^ jrj;^ mu jfttff Jr-"vi /f[ jftf <«^/'.v LijWiHiiriir.i'Ju ktwWu'U Wif t nrr'^ Thry HUid. 



— cs>— 



bicfci^rctln imi uiri-icd ^jkus^ii; n:mark> m hint, Tlic Qui iilnt vchcn -^m^ 

lo be rcvcjilcd nn ihc wickcdntu of ilic Qtiriijsh -.mii ihi&i; hi^dlc w hini: 

SOitli; were referred to hy njime and some lo ihe disbolicvtTs ^'lioni Allah 

II]CiHH)nt*tI in gi^ntriil Of rlidvc nornccl acre hi-, uncfp Ahfl I.uhjh :i*itJ hi^ 

wife Umm Jiimil, thi- tbiigfiter of Uart> ihn llmayyjh. * ivho cufrii-s wooii)t^ 

Uiiun Jaiiiil u-^i;*! it" taiiy Ujoihn iiTii ilitow Ihctii in llic way ol (tic Pmpjiti 

(jibuhf where he would ha passing. So AUiih sent dpwn contcmini: ik bfnh 
of rlicm^ 

d Perish the tsro hatuh ofAhft Uihab. ariii parish hit* JJi's ivmWi oiuf fth 
rMdnn fad uttf ml henejii hi'n.' Hi- wiK he hiirnt in o Firf ufM/szmg 
Jlamei: Md Ui^ wife roo. tvho lUfne.t wijod [thi>ms of Satkmi tn her 
nvrLL a ni'L\ifii rope vfMiiytidipiifmfibrt}.^ 

Ihn hhnq said, "\{ %-a^ mt'iiiiuned lo uic lliai when Unini Jiimii heard 
about the Qui^tnic ver^s conLcitiing ha and her huhbiind. she weni iii ihii 
Mta«!ii|Li:i iii Alhih iyhuh) in dii; m(jsquc m the Ka'hali, wliere he was 
silting With AbCi Bakr. She bore wiili her a siunc and AUiih nu<k her iiui ice 
lh<? Pmphfi iphuh). So she atpkcd Abu Bnkr where [he Prophci <pbtih) was 
md added, '[ have hccii informed Tlur he is ri<hculing nn?, :iiid b_v Allah, if 
he IS here nuw I woiifd bavc siruct lus mouth wiih rhis sfiine/ Tfien she loft. 
Abu Bakr sJiid. t) Me^s^ngt?r of Allah, <r> you think die i^w youT Kc 
tcpliecl ihai shcdid noi hccau^ AJlah luul blinded her From seeing him. 

Whenever Uma^yah ibn Khaluf saw i.hc Prophei ipbuTit he sfandercd 
and defamed him, si> Allah revealed conceniinghiia, 

II Woe tft ciery siitndefTr itifd bt/vkbiur: wlut fim f^uthc-wl m'tifrh mid 
i^nifii it H^ thinks that iiix %y^iM will mfikc him Inxt fon^vcr! Niiy! 
Veiif\\ hf witlbt' liintM-n inrn rhf i-rishms Fin. Amf i^-hm wi}i mnkr \<ni 
know H'AiTj ihr rni^/itfiiz Fir/ is^ flit fire o/Mfuh. kiiuUtd. uiiuh hiipii 
up ovtri the hffin.\ lVn/>; j'r shtiU he t-Uned in on rtiem. iit pilUirs. 
xtreicheJjonhd.r. tliey ;-iU btJ fiifti^iie4 tn thf; fire t^-^h pilltv.t. tf/tj.i 

j'Ai-Hiima7ah: T-91 

Khabb.ih ibnul-Aratl, the Prophci'S. tpbtihl Companion. wa,s a 
swoiJ-nmiicr iti Makkali, AKA5 ibn W^il bought ^ome from l\m\ wimout 



<S>- - 



payiiiE ihdr pric^ When Kh^Mb i^ikeil for his due paymenl hc ^i<^. O 
Klvihbab is H nnl ili;.« Muhammad, your fri*:nd. wimsc rcliguin you follow, 
;,lkfic^ llffli m Paradise ihcrc will be aJl which are desired b\ jw^iplc ol gulJ, 
silvei. cloito. am^ wrvi.nis"' ■ Ceminly/ uQ^v^ctcd KlinWiJh- "Then give 
jibE uJCJ^Uu 115 ihc Dj> ol RijMirrcciion MiidJ 1 go theic iPirjdlseJ and pay 
your dcbi Ihctv, for Hy Ml^h. you and yi>ur foetid will never be mnie 
i7rcrc7^.bU m Ihc ^ighi of All^ ihiih «tK nor -u-iTI ymi hive greater share m 
ihis thim mi:," vaid Al- A^ Then AIIjIi =,cni dvnvn cont'omina him. 

J f/HH' xoii v-rn /iJ"- »^^-? rit.'.U'hts-^A in diir Ay^i llhii Qiirutimd Ml*- 
himm<un ,ir,i iv.ty Kays- 7 xh^U cerraiiih' hf };ivifii >yeailh itnii cfutdrei\ 

fovimafi'.lr^'m !ht S^osi B>^itffir*-Pt iMinhi? Nt\y! Wf ^huU rewrd what 
l« j(n-3. iirsil W> *'wi?' it\treusc H'.t wrmmj Im t/ii- HfHh and Wr sIhIU 
iafwrit/mm /yim Wl h\ dfaihi alt that l>r rafts nflU: neatrh iwr^ cM- 
itrvn nitiili Wf liuvf IwMf'n-al itpim him in l/iis xnirU). iifni h.- :ih,itl 

Abu JabI mci ihc Pruphei (phuhl. snd said in biiri. "By Ailah, O 
Muh:iinMiiid PKhec you cease lo inhuh our gods or ^c will insuli youis." Su 
Alliih rc^i^alcd concemini ihai, 

(Al-AiL^4ni: IDS). 

r WJis iM thai ihc Pft'phei iplxihj iibsluineil from insulting (buir gocls. 
und bcgyii to Invite llicm lo believe in Ailah, 

An-Niidr ilmuHlarilh ibn ^\lqiim-ih ihn KaludJli ibn 'Ahd Maniir ibn 
'Abdud-Dar \bii QuE^yy- whenever ihc PrnphcT iphuii^ jsai in a gaibcrin^ 
calling pcj-ipk lo Alliib, reading frum Uie Qiirijn. iinii ftnewiunm^ iln:in of 
■A'hai happened li> bygone ni^4iiWp rollowcd hltn ofic: be h:iJ Itfl und 
nai Mcd Morich ;ibyul Rustam Ash-ShH, Isfajidiyar. and Ihe km^^^ nf Persia, 
ll>an be vjould ';ay_ "By ATlab. Miihiirnniiid cannot icli » bcUCf Mor^' dian 
mine and his worife arc juAi talcs of Ihc ancionis. which he bus wiiliey dov-'a 
afi I have," Si>Alljbrevojled the following concerning him, 



^AikI fhzv jflv; Tales of U\t' imkfUf. u7(;cft Uc hm AT>i{rr\ fftwn. and 
they arr JitmietJ tn fiim itvimm^ *iml iipeFiiomi' Saw h tShiS Qur'tm} 
■Max he/^H J^nr ilnwn by Hurt ^At!{i/\} fthc R^tft Lord ^f tite heavens and 
rariJi} Whf initH't thf lerrtYt ttf ihir lifaveia undlhefurlt^ Tntfy, Ht! is 
Ofi-Forgiviri£. Most Meici/iiL )b 

4Wlii'n Our yfrsci^iijlheQur'anianreciteii lohirn. he x<iys: Tale-i of 
i/uauiif/otd!' ^ 

(A!-Oalam: !5) 

^ Wiic lit every £ir^ut liur^ hAo fifars ihi- Verges of Allah fbt^rx^) rvciti^d 
fo him. ytl ptrnhts ^iih priiftr an if liif heard ihcM n/>t. Sti a/mimnfe In 
him a painful tontiftn! ^ 

{A)-;athiyah; 7-fi) 

A'l-Akht»ns ibn Shurjyq ibn WaliS Alh-Tliaiiuil wa^ one of ihc notiiblcs 
whn hnd influence on his people Ke wns agoinsr ihe Prophti (pbuh} onJ 
ujicd lo hiiTJSs him by wards, so Allah arni down aboui him. 

Ji And obey i\i}t e\'et'\Qne vvh<i iweiir$rmu:k a/vl tSf:ttKsiiIpn^ tvttrrhtfiss. 
a itaudertr. s'""ff iJ^ful ^'''fh aihimrticXi hinJtrrfr tff ihc f^od, imnn- 
gresiitr. iiii/M^ ctuei after all l/ial hii\e-}n>m fefWegirimatr birth}. ^ 

(Al-Qalam: I0-!,11 

AT W^d ibnol-Mu^iirih ^iiid. "Is )r levcalcd lo Muhanmi,id Jind T am 
ignored, ihciugli I am the chci and ma-Slcr of [he Qirfaysh. and Ahfl Mas'Od 
'Amr ibn 'Uni^iyr Jiii-Thnq;!!!, (ht; musicr i>f Thrujrf. haiia ignored, ihaugh 
wc arc \.hc niiSltirs of Uk iwu lt»*ii&J" Then Allaij ^e^U down coaccniinfi 

J j^ttrf /ftO jcjy: TVlfty i* aa/ ffi/j ^w^-'^n irnr tfflwn to j/>mi' ^iw;* rtuin of 

itic i\vit /(jtt'nj- \Msikkab mut Tdif)7' fs it they ^^•ho wufd ptrrVum aui thr 

Merij of \fiui Litrti'' h i,\ Wt^ Wfio poniofi fliii benvern ilienr ihtir Uyc- 

,i^f^d in tfiij 't'fiid. aiiA \Vt mh:^d iomf nfiUem ahtive fther^ itt ntnks. 



Oj ytmr Lard I O Miilummndl is h^'tttr ihim rite I »'faHh «/ this, nvridy 

which thrv amast. ^ 

(Az-Zukhnif:3i-32) 

'Uqbah I'Jti M>\ MX'n once Sill Willi ihi: PfhiiIicI (pbuh) and lisicncd lo 
lii^ pfCiicliin^ of hlum. When his clow fiicnJ llbayy ibn Ktialaf heard of 
dial, he ?aitl lo hinv "1 Kuve heard ihul you tiave sai wiih Muliamnjail and 
hiicned to him? I swear 1 wiU never sec or talk to you again - ,md he swaic 
a grcal oaJh - if vou i3a ir a^ain, or if you do nui gu and spii in his fatc- 
"Uubcih, die ci.ciiiy of AUuh aad inay AlUh i:urse (urn. .4id lhi&- Sp Alliih 
reveoli^d i^XMl baiU oiXhcxn, 

^Arld t renst-itsju-r} ihe Day whrn ifre Z^fim fwrtms-ili'er pppr^s.'^-fir^ pcl- 
yrhent. «c.; nilt hirr Jf fiis haniiv, tie wilt jay- 'Oti.' Wniitd iliot I hint 
wkfp a i>fiTk wifh thf Mtiiif»srr { MiifitrnminDf Afi! WiM' so me! Wouiti 
jkai / huii fVVfr token sn-aniho as a fntndf He sPilefii tfil mi- ifsrmy 
finm !he Remirkler Uhis Qar'anj afier ii had ctjme in me. Ait^ Sf^aylUn 
fSartnii is evtr ti drserwr xo miin rn thr fioiir ofnfcJ. ^ 

(Al-Furqan: 27-25) 

Ubriyy weni to Ihc Prophet (pbuh) wiih a decomposed r>one. ground [a 
pieces. !ind "^aid. ''0 Mvkimmad. do you allege thai AMah can ccsivc this 
lifitir ihey are rorLcn?" Then he cruint>kd il in his hand and bicv- liic powder 
wwards die Ptophc*^^ (phuh) face. The Propfn^i r.pbuh) answered. " re.r. / say 
thai. ^MJah wiU Ffsxureii U and \ou, aperyaa t\iivt hecftme fikc tf'h, i/hm Ailn/i iviti 
nwAr Wii fitter fietL" So Allah rcvcaltd concerning Him, 

i Ai\d he puis jiinh fifr Us a pamhk. and fifrgen hs auti crfiiitpn. fie 
.Viy-.t: 'Whii ^'di gtXY life to rhf.vr fivneit when Ihey faive rutttrdaHtiy wui 
June hrntu^ dtiit?' Sijy iO MiJurr'i'nadl, 'He m'pJJ f{ive Iffe tf> ilirm U''if» 
ireatai ihfiit fiir the fir.<ii limr! And Hf i^ the A>tKruiKirr o/p^rn rtea- 
liioi! He. Wm produces M writ fir^JHiiffthr green tree. »hFiilvho!d.' 
Youhfidte iherci^iih/ f 

<Yii5in: 7K-S01 

The Prophet (pbuhl vas circmiiarabulanng ihe Ka hn when AlAs*acl 
ihniil-Mim.ihb ibn AsaJ ibn "AbduKL'/z^ Al-Walld ibnul-Mufiltirah, 



UTn3V>iiti itm Khalaf. and AI-"As ibn W.Til a^Sahnu, tiujn of sTanJin^ 
ainonp ihcir people, approacTicJ hrni and said. "O Vluhjimniiid. fci iis 
wtjrvhip ihoi wtikh yoii worship. ;ind you woreJup Thai which we worship. 

Vuu mill wc witl jsiotiuiv Eoi;;\:ihi:i un lln; isstic. [f [Qui wlitcll VOU worstlip 
ii hciicrlhnn vlial which wc \^oi-.|iip wu will [jikc jd\anuge of ii, unU 11 ihji. 
Which we w^JHsbip jr; b^Ucr ihjin ifiji \\'hiL'h you worship, ytni will mkc 
aJv:iniagt nf tTiikt. " Sa Allnh ittCnli!J codc:^Jrnlllg ihem. 

^&a> fO Muhiiniitutdt ta thi^e MushrikCi'X <tad Kofiriin}: 'O Ai-Ktifirun 
jitiihi-lu'vtn in Alf4jh. i/t tfir Onrnfts. U' Wi A^j^ffs. in His UtH/k.f. in 
His Mcvfenxers m ilii- IX^v nf Renirrctiioit. oitd in AUQadar. eti-.i! I 
wtiT^hijt niyf rUii! nhithyi'ii *<vrsfiip. nirwil! xoit ^y-or.ifiip that ^vhich f 
iriityfn!'. And ! ihift lun mmftift rfuii nhkii wtn ar^ v-oF^hippitt}^, nor 
Mii i«i' turn/up rhiii vihich / irtfffhtp- Tt yrni Iv yuar Ktif^tf/n. iitiit m 
fnr *}iy refi^ian ftslnniu- Mm/jrli^i.vitf^'^ 

ARcr AJbh h^d inenimned ihc iicc of Az-liiqqiuii \r\ fnghicn (he 
polyUi^iMi Abu Jjhl itn Hi^Jiim s:inC "O Qurays]^ Jo you knc*w whai (he 
irci^ |>I Az-Ziiqq\im is Willi which Mi.iEi^n>iiiad fnghttiu^ you?" When ihcy 
i^d "No", he r-aid. 'Ii is Yu*linl) huueicti diiic^. By Alluh^ M we get hi^ld of 
them wc will uke ihcm in ijih: draii^i!" Sti Allal'i stnl dnwn uonccniing 
this, 

^VirjYv, fAr tret vJZuqi/th" v-iit Iff (ht jtHut of ihf. iiiliii'r\ fitic hptting 
eil. h will tftiil in iht Ivilits. iike j/v tyciliu^f/^ it.ti/iJirts ^•tiTftr. ^ 

CAd-Dukhfln: 43-4fi) 

i,e, not Tike Ahii Jalil's alicgaiiDn. 

Al-W:ilid ihnul-MiJghirah was liiJkin^ [o rfvc Pn^phcl (pEiuh) who was 
ragcr lo rcven fiim in Main whi^Pi Ibn Unui» Maklum, a blind mun, came 
mid iLsk Elic: Piuplicl (pbuh) tu miLc [hg Qntan to birti. Kt persiMCd On his 
requcNi 10 Ihc cJilcnl ihal Ihc Pruphci (phiib> hccaiiK annoyed, bcvuusc he 
divenpd him from Al-WsHd iinJ *hpiiili^^ ihu opponuniLy of bii: llilb» and 
when iho mjin fell ihal lie was i niporiuniuc lie lurncd away frowning and \eU 
liim. So A|l;il] »;nL dowLi un llic Ptophci (pbuli), 



-® - 



ihe Umd met. f 10 4 iU ivj in Rc^onh Htld p fir^o>h} in bi^amir (M- 
UiHVi Al^MiihfUzi: caitad(iri<Ufiniry}. fiiuijlt^d. ^ 

<\\bfl-sa: 1-14) 

Lc. I i«in yiHi i«iW u» tn; J twarcr of good lidings mul a wani^r. ^o do no! 
prefer one'pcrsuii "ai ihc cxpcn?* of oiKiiher, Uiu,'* prevtiiiins iiiwr ineisaBO 
from ihc one who weks il, und wnJ^Ung nmi: v^au ^nc whn does noi ^vam ii. 

The pcttple who uwd id harm the T^pbei (pbuh) in [lis houic wcrt: Ahfl 
Lahab. Al-liikam ibo AJwl- Ai Ifybah jbii AUJ Mu^'ii, ^Adiyy ihii a^uiirfi' 
jilh-Thoqan. and Ihnul-Atda' al-Hmlliir. Thty were his neighbors smd from 
iinong Tiwm all only Al-EwTcjm ibn Ahc^'AicmbraiJctl (slam Inter. Oni? uf 
them threw the Lmrail^ of !i goal on hi.-i hack orbile Hl' tt-os pfrformuig hJs 
prayers. An<itberu^4^ii to Ihrnwir in his siony vessel, Asa r&suluhtfPrL^pha 

(phuh} losoned to a wail \o be conceited during prayer. Whenever they did 
(hut lo lum lie u^'d w lake suL'h filUiy ihings mid ^rand lU ihe thrower's d;ior 
siiying. "0 H/fTU' Ahd-Mmiif. ^^hat h ifili (uH6ft™in,?J wif^hhorHiNHl.'' Titun 

he {pbuh) would cjsi ii away. 

The Remrn of the Migrants to Abyssinia 

Halse ncw^ re:ichcd ihi- Pfopln:i\ (pbubl Cumpunion^ v-ho had migraied 
lu Abys%mm thai Ihe ptopic of Mukkiih bad embraced htam, so ttey. 
dcrcidcd lo reum hi)mi>. When iliey iippRiached Mi^kkah (Ix-y knew dial the 
tejHVTi wjLiL uniru^. Likcv-^ii^f, ihuy cnka'd Ihe U.*\A'n ciiher ondcr ihe 
pniletuon of a Uical noiabic or by sicalih. Thiity-tbrec nien \^a^ the toUil 
number of rbc Companums who came bncV to Makkah from Abyssinia,, 
Aiming Them wire: 'Liihmiln ibn Mii^an pjo^ecied by A!-W^ird 
ibnubMu^blrah: Ahu Saliimjb under the proicctton ofAbO l^llib who whs 
bis uncTc, Aba StdiuiiuhV moiher Ivjng Barrah. the diiiighier of 
^Abdiil-MuiijjJib. 

The Annulment of the Boycoit 

According to iHc documl-nt wrinen by ihc OuruyJ^ ihe iv-'o clans of 
Baoii Flashim and Banfl AJ-MuuaUh wcfe ^lill resting m ihe maumajn 

cS> — 



passes of Mjkbh, when a mintwf of [hi? Qiirayshis moved lo repeal ihe 
boycoll agaiuM [hem. rtiihM rbn 'Amr endured The nwsi hardship in thiji 
lafi^, Mficc he was ihe son of a broihcr Jt> Nadlyh ibn Hashim ibn 'Abd 
Miiniil h> his moilHTt mjil was closely iniaehcd Ju Banii Mastuni. Hi^ vus 
highly roipuiicd by hi^ pcaple, IJc ii^cd Et> lake 3 CitiiicI laili-n wiih rood Oy 
njfilu uj ihijse iwo L'l:in\ m rheir rciiidt^ncc. When he find inkcn 11 30 \hc 
b^gi'nnini? nf fho ulley. he toot (*rf lus halicr. fiive if j (hump 00 the side, to 
lei ir wait irUf ihe yITey toihem. He also used ro send clnrhc^ tn ihcmin ihc 
tnmc wjy. 

_ ^lishi'im \\eni lO Ziihayr ibn .\bi Umnjyah ihniJl-Miiyhlrah. the ^on of 
"Aiikiih. liiedaughierof Abdul-Muiijlib^jnd^aid, "Arc ynu pleased ic^cai 
Uxid, puE OR cloches, and niiury women while y<iLi know of iho disiress of 
youi nmicmal uncles? They ciui neiEherbuy nm sell, noi many, rmr ^ive in 
marriugc. J swcuf by Allah i\\\i\ if ihey were Tlw (niiUcmali uncles of 
Abiit-Hakafu ihn HishaiTi itnd y*ui i^ked liim to d<i 10 ihcm whpi he liud 
:ufted you 10 do, he would never do ii." He aiiid. "Confmind you, Ilishiiru, 
whjt izarr I do? I iim ntiiy om» person. By Ahah. iff li^id annlhor man lo 
suppon me 1 would s,n<in repcyj ir. " He ^aiU, "l have found u nun. Myself." 
"Wc need u Ifiirti s>ni:," s^ij he. So Hisham spoke lo Al-Mui'im ihn "Adtyy 
.aod Sflid, "Arr you pleased lh;it iwo ekm\ <if Banii 'Ahil MLin5f should die 
,Wfuk you are a wiincs* and approve 10 foflim ik' Quruysh? By Allah, by 
cnciiumging iliem lodo so, they vill soon di>ihe'sameioyou." He agreed to 
help ilicm bui* hke Zuhuyr, he deiniuidcid for 41 foiirih person. He weni lo 
Abul-B;ikh!arT \\-at Hishfitn wlio asked for u fifth mar and rhco lo Zama^ah 
ibnul-As*!ul )hr[:f-MuliJihh jbn Avjd reminding him jibum ilicir kinship 
and [heir righii. 

TfeyViKtat iiJg^f aUhe neaiwl ^ oinr ofAI-Eiijun above MakkJih. They 
fljsfujiscd (he question of ihe docunieni m wciire n^ juinulment Zuhiiyr 
demanded to be ihe fii^i 10 ^peat and act. \n the morning, when the ptopic 
OKI (fjgethter Zuhayt. after L-ixeunumbuluLing ihe Ka'bah seven times, 
approm-'lM^d ilie hosii of penpk (here and ^Jid. "O people of Matkah. are vwe 
WjcaLand thess while Banii Hnshim Jie. jntl c;knnoi buy 01 sell' B\ Allah I 
will n*.>r ?iL down umitI ihb anjiini Ihweorimg document h puUcd oulf" Abit 
JihL who was ai ihe side of Lhe nio^quc, ..Tied oui. "You tic by ANali. U 



*haTl i^ni be mm up.' S^am^i^ah s^iiT. "You are a gxaUCT Wiit we were na 
pfcaseJ wilh ihe dcx.nimeni ^ince \t has bwr wririen." AbuIBaklUflH said, 
''Z;ima'ah is right. Wi; arc noi satisfied ^ilh whal is writicn Jind we do noi 
:iJma i[.' AI'Mui^iin suid. "You ait boiJi right and anyunc whi> ^yi 
ochcrwi^ is liar Wt? c:ill AlLih lo witne.*;s thai wc Irec ourselvei from a)) 
[hill IS wrmcn Jn IhL- docimienl/ HUhini ^poke m the sjiiic sense. AhO Jiihl 
iaiJ. "Ilkis IS d decision laU'H oxmighTn wlikti you hvvc been discussing 
elsewhere," Abil Xill^b -AOi siding ;u Ih!? comer of the masque. When 
Al-Miit'im went up toll ic dijcumem its ic^r ii to pieces lie found ihat worms 
hiid jlirady cjien il save ih(^ piui ihal contained, "In liic name of You. 
Al)«l>"- The writer o\' ihc docunicm wji* MansiJr ihn ' E^nrnah, and his hand, 
a^ it was said, hatl bc^n paraly/cd. 

The Storj' of the Ir^lshi Man 
Who Sold his Camels to Abu Jahl 

rbn hhiq ^aid th:*! 'ATxIiil-MaJik ibn "Abduilih ihn AH Su^-an 
dLh-rhin|afi who had a good rae^iTiory. lokl him lh;t( it man frniu Irtish "^M 
snmc of hl^i camels lo AbO Jahl in Mokkab N^venhcTcs^. he wiihhcld the 
mojKv.solheman u^eni in the a.vscmhly of the Quraysh when itie Pruplici 
iptiuh) A'-U siTling al ihc i.nmcr oi \}k Mcsquc and ^ilid, "Who among ytiu 
uan help mc gei my due pjyment from Abul-Ea^am ibn Hishiim? 1 ;im a 
slrangcr imd a wayfarer, and he has t.iker my righl ." They said. "Do ymi see 
rh:ii mim siuing ovjjrthcre?" AZid Ihcy poimed lo Ihc Prophet IpbuhJ, aiming 
ii> make a joke of huri for ihey tnijw quiie welt of [he hostility hciween him 
and AbO iM, TTscy adtletl, "Go lo hitn. and he uiJJ help you to got your 
right j'' 

The h^ashi man went to ihc Prophet Ipbnh) amf ^aid. "O scn'ani of AUuh, 
Ahut-Hakam ibii HLsh^m ha.s wiibhcld the money he owes me. I am a 
stranger and wayfarer. When [ a&keJ ihese men lo tell mc of someone who 
would help nie la gei my liyht dicy ad^i.^td iik locomc lo you. so go and 
bring me my money frtim him. may AJUh bless you." The Prophcl <pbull) 
said. "Go TO him" :>nd iKcy wem to him togeltier. When ihc men >aw thw. 
ihey senc a mim lo foUosv them- The Prophet Ipbuh) wenl and knackcU al 



AhiJ Jalil's <\i)QT. and when he jstL-J who was there he said, "Miihamimid! 
Came mt la mc." He came om lo hini pale with icmir. and the Pniphcl 
fpbuh) said, "Ci\c flui nmn hrj dur." "Do not leave until l ^ei him his 
money," he snid, aad went iiLsidc: and ciuiic oui widi eIic due Puvnrenc nnd 
aavc ii tti die rnan. The Pn^>hci {pbuh.i v;cni away wiping, "C" ^r/ your OhM' 
iifis." Thi^ ItSshT nmr rerurni-d in ihc ai^vtmhly and a^id, "May Allah reward 
hini far k- has gol nic my n^hi." 

The mnn. who wcnl uficr iliem rppurtird, "Ii was something iinaMta^" he 
snid. "Hardly had he knrjckcd ai his doot when he canic oui blcnidlrih'i \v»Lh 
■fcur." Jusi .ifier rehiling whji had tuppened. AhCi Jahl himself appeared and 
ihev said- "Whai lias happened ii> you? We Ivtwc ncvor seen you doing like 
wha[ yini \\avc done." "Confound yoa." lie ^id, "By Allah, as soon js he 
knocked on my dwir and \ beard his voice I was tenfled. Then I iveaiouj to 
him. A camel siaHitm was hijh iibOvc hb licud, I have ncvci ^ee[^ snch a 
MaJlion Iwtoiv wjiti liuch a head, s^oukkrs iind s:aiiines. By Allah, if I had 
no[ paid him. the ■hiallionv/mild \\\ive devoured me." 

The Night Journey 

Islam prevailed in M^ikkih among ihc Quravsh and all ihc Uibcs, when 
(he Messenger of Allali tpbuh) was made fo set lonh by nighl from [he 
JnviolflbJc Mcsquc ;i| Makkah m Al-Aq&i Mosque'". Ai I wai lold, 
"Abduilfih ibn Mas'Qd said, TJie Burdtf. ihe animal whose every stride wciit 
as farai lis eye cuuld reacli, and which was ridden fiy Che previous prophcls. 
wns brojgh[ lo Ihc Pfophci ;[rf»uti). IIl (pbuh> v^as made lo mouni gn i| and 
lie U'cnl out w"ilh his companion iJibrm to sec die mflrvels be|wt»en thu 
heavens and Ihe canh. unlif lie cached Al-Aqsa Mo^ique in JcnisaJeni, 
Tlitfte 1^ found tPropheiJ Jbrahim, i]ic intimato friend of Allah. He al?<o 
fauni! Miiiii and Isigaibcred in a coti^ny of soiuc Prophets. Vie led them 
in piaycfH ilien he was briiughi ihna- vesr^els. containing milk, khaiur, and 
umer«spec[ivcly.riie Messenger of Allah tphuh) said. 

"t heiirJ a vmu ^aiym^ when thf.st v^-^rc ti^erpi} rtt mi\ 'I/ke chco^i-i fhe 
wHHerhe v»il frr dn}^\nfii m si/flf as hii rtajiim; if riiaos^s iht khamt he 



\. Al■^S1]Fuy||uldlM1hdn)c^(!da■E)eubd'Ll^clhlr/ti/mft- 



K'l// /- mi.^'„ulf.i n^ iL*'// as his nariftn: ml iflw rWyft Jhi' mlk he 
^ti] bt' rtshh f!'"M as 'iftt as hi^ milimi Soltek shv vrv.^W of milk 
((If./ tiiwik in^m it. So JihrtS. jn-iKf bt- ujifi hipi. saUl to >'W, 'You tw\r 
hr.-t, rijjljlty uttitlril Ufui Jio will yi'nr itiiri'm hr. O M\iiiW!MH<id-' " 

Ibn hh^u\ iaid \l? was lold oa tlw uuihority <1J At-Ha^^ii" "I""" tiie Prophet 

-WhiU- f wiis ilet-pini! m rht' Hi)r. Jlhrii camr- atal .sparred ntf wflft his 
Jrtfl/. / sai ii/i oiui ran "flrftm? .w / ,f/tpj ijj^v"'". //c eamc u stttmd Jim^ 
ami jspi^trfj jfic iWih //fj >m^ / s>tl up nnti 30»- noiSiififi Sfi I .tttpi I'SOi'K 
Hv fWrtP 10 '"^ ihf thnf tinit ntui .ipiinztt me with tii.sfyn-i. f siis tip. he 
jflflt hiittt vfm\ om mil f sr^nul he^kii- him, Tl\f'i h^:- ir»>A int- I'lti to she 
t^Htr ttj the Mi>-'-'ipiC, Ui^v iUnii n ^ftiie bean hidf muU. iwlf tinnh^y. 
with i\vf wifiRi til iw ihigh^ tf pi-npef hs feel >vith tfirm, fniiiinf rloun 
each forrfftiot /It th^ hmila/il% tinhl Hr frftrf me onto If theft he nvnf tiui 
MIA mr i.i-fpiri^ di>!tt' to me/ " 

A!-Ha^n coniinwed. 'The PrtipJio^ iphuhl ;i[id Jibnl wcm iheir way until 
they uiTivi:d ai Ai-Aii^a Musquc. Thcfc !ie found JbtilhTm, MOiil. and 'M 
iimoEig A f<imrjn\ tiflhi: Pmphcli., 71k Pmplid ipbuh) was ihcir Im^im m 
pravi^rs. Then !ic was hrotigJiT two vessels. i>tic of kfnimr and liiL- oihcf of 
jm\k. The Propliei (pbuh) ^ckclcd Ihc milk anJ drank rrom it. Iciiving ihe 
khamr. Jibril said. 'You have been righily guided M (inonre) TiJliure and so 
will your iiHiimi Ik: Muhamiii^, and khiunr is prnhibiicd to you/ Tbe 
Proph^i (pbuhl ifFurncd lo M-ikkjIi. In Ihe morning, he HtU rhe Qumy:^ 
i^LH whiii had ha^ipcned. Mom of ihem said. By Allah, ^his ]> clear 
llonsc^^e! A camv^in takes a mttn^h m go lo Syrtii iind iiiHH^ici lo iciumn did 
Muhammad go iuid rcltiiTi in uiw Qighi? Muny aposiiitijad aflcr They )iud 
embracfd M;im: nionie pcnpk asked .\hQ Bakr. Whal do VOU Ihink of VOUT 
friciiiL Abfi Bakr! He ullcgus thai he went lo At-Aqsa Mo^qi-ic JuM nighi- 
offcred piaycr in lU :md returned to M.iVkith." Hu atis^^ned Ihm Uiey wcie 
lying ubom Ehi: Fruphi-'i ipbiihi. bui i.licy assenci^ n and hdid ihoi tie wii'i then 
in ihc Mojnquc tcllinti ihc people ahout iL Abvl Bjikr -iiui, 'By Alluh. if he 
sy.ys no ilicn ii is ime And what i^ ama7ing in Ihiil? By Ailiih. hc lells mi; 
ihiii a revcluLion froJii Allah comes dc>wn to him from rhf lieavcns to Ihe 
canh in an hour of a day or nighl and \ dc believe him. ard thai is more 
tinei>minor Ihyn (hai :i( wh^'h >'iMi ^^■ondcf:' He tUcn wcni lo ihe Prophci 
Epbuli) and knew thdi iIjcw rtpt*n^ were ime. Ahii Bake stiid. 'O Pufpliei nf 



All;i!i. ha^-e yott told ihc people ihsi ym weni lo Al-Aqsa Mof^quc lasi 
mi^hl'.'' J"bi: Pmprtci {phuh} arwwcrcJ m [he amrmaiive. so Ahu Bdk( s-iiJ. 
'O Prophci of A3ld^ describe n m nic. foi 1 have been ihoie.' (AIHjsan suid 

ihal] The PmpUel jpbuhi ssnd, h has he^ii e/e\-attil if mr .V(/f/,\sv ^e rW'^" li' .M^f 

it.' He (phuh) kcpi on do'itiihini* ii, u-hile Aiili R.ikr ^ald. Thai ii ia»p, E 
verify ihar you jtc ihc Mcwcnger af Alliih' untiJ Uc had Imished ihc 
desiYjpiion. Then ihc Proplici ipbuh) siiid. 'Aiui\oii. Ahii Buir, ar^ As-Sitliriii 
fiiie irrijiert'frrath}.' Sintc (hen l>c was eniiilctl Ar-5rrf<% 

tf is nailed on ihc authority of Sa'Td ibnul-Musayyah thai Ihe Pi-ophtl 
.<pbuhj dcscrilta \a his Cijmpanions Jhrahim, MfisS, and Isi, as he saw 
them ihiii nighu saying, 

"7 hsve 'leuer yctn a rn<iii rumt rtst:inhlin^ ine as litrHkhn nnr ti man n'i\oii\ /. 
mmt rfsi-mftfr likp hitii .Wiiio wm a brown num. rtili ^vith figfir flesh, 
curly hiiir^ out/ livokcd nose, tis if he HTrr a nuin I'f llir ShariV^Ur fjA 
fhf Sim *>f iiarvam, \%'asii rediti^t man pf /iii-iliiirif h^igUr^ kink Aair., yyitfi 
irmiiy itiiict nitiies /'ft hfs,fficr. ei^ if he hiuljum nitn^ fnmr ,j tvnh Onv 
wniilil ilunk ihiii his hcatl uvlv Jrippin^ tviih miliar The oiif ii/nvis yi»' 
wtw tiwks Uke fin" riu<.\r ii Unvfihifm \ffi.syid ntJiTfiaifi^fi." 

The Story of the Ascent 

Ibn Lshiiq said it was natrated that AbQ Sa'Id aUKu^n reported. T heard 
tt«!_Ptopliai ipbulif saying, 

'Ajipr the eicnfv in Al-Aij:<ii >\ftijifitc. *i mi'ivj OTnins^ayt mn brr/ushi t/i 
me. ti'hich I have nrver xeen iis fme ax stifti hefrrv, h is that m wifiLh Iht 
dyiiifi ftvr.'ion tonoag you stnrffs »'iejj dmrh tippmarhc:!. Sfy fotiipanion 
i J ibrlt whelped me monnfit (imd ascfiuted v>\\h me) until we reacMone 
of Ihf xate.\ iff Ii€iivi7i [(iUfil Use Goii of xhs Prc^eners. An unf^ei * aJlA'd 
J.irnJ 'U w'n.\ in i-hiir^e ofU. umi tnulpr his anitriit were rwilve jfuuitend 

angffts, iind^r taeh tif them airtftlifr P*-elve llvit,iiind iin^trh.' 

ii 

Hen: (he Prophei (pbuh] recid^, 

iAml niiiiefUn kitntv the hosts ojyoat Lord hiu He. * 

(AI-MiiildiDhthir 31) 



Whi'^ Jihni Immhi mt it. hn^ri H mtM -^ho h h^. OJihrH?' H^ said. 
■//(- 1. MiihmmU ■ Hrti^M if I iitul b^en nivi'" i missum. ami on Ucar^ 

I *m.- a WOK sima arnJ hrfore hm ihe smth oflhr s<'^^ "f Ai^«'" ''•'•''^ 
[pr^^enr^ii 'di aom*- ht HViihl irr good and y^ouUi be pft-ns'-d «iih. .•^ay- 
iafi. 'A f,Oint xo\il Jmm a ^id h<njy' md 4>f alhffJi he ^tit^d i^y to ii a 
vtatii oftii^resprct imilfnMn. and say. 'An fvti itimffnm ait tvll btniy: 
'iy^hen i axkedJibrU wfiPihii purit ii*ii, lurii/lti me i/m' /t «i2s imrfKirhfr 
Aihim bff'tre swko>r> ihc inuh of his prnseny ate pre^rnr^ii; fh^ tfelieVffr's 
.Trtu/ r^^ti*ices fum, unfS he «"wi/<f .fri>. 'A gifril ioti\ frfltii a siood body' 
wJdfe ifie didvhevtr'i ioutinakrs hint disf-mred aitii lie diilikas ix io ttui^, 
i\e xxouU jnv. 'A'\ es-il mulfriMn m evU My'. 

Th*rn t M^^ ma; with Iipi }'ke rhi,.\e ofcometr. in thdr hands i^ere pieces 
i^ffire iimihr hi sumtj thai they wfi'dd lasi imo ifreir moiilhs and ihey 
•^'oiiid ciirte mif ijfrbeir rear^ t asked Miii who those ttien v,irf and lit 
lold thai ihey were thifse ivlm umvith Juiliet dvwi*ri-d the "caWi of the 
nrphJiis. 

Then J saw men in the path of the jvopfe o^ Phi^raiih wfh sut:h f/eHien 
liki wliich I hm-e never seen htfore. They Ohe peopU n/ PitataoM were 
paisins "y^r lUm like rh'r^ty <-iimrh ^hlle tluy ^^cre beitg txppseit fa 
theft'e. treiulin-A flii-iu rfrH'fl tindibev iitfr*? ifoliibU to diven itwuv fnnn 
dieir place. 1 asked JibHI wht/ ibtne men vvrt and he told nu rfiai they 
were ihiFse nhf devtrwed riba. 

Tff'i I itiiv meri before nhom there st'os ^vod fleshy meos suifd by lean 
rfHten tnenK and fhevsere eosmn of the trun rojrf/j meai toid irai^tK die. 
^a0{lfJf.dn one. i ti.tked Jihnf »fia ih^se men vck and he lofd I'l^ ihul 
they uvrf dtttse t*-ha altandoned ihf ^-inn/rii wlinni Aflah hiuJ nnule l<i^'- 
fidj/tr ihetn atul pvraHe thtse wfrmeii whom He had pn\liibiU-d ffrt them. 

Then / J*Tir nwnen iKinf^irig i'y iFnUr hreiuts. I aJAjfd Mnl who l/iyjff 
naifjrn wc'*: and lie I'dd >fic iluu they uvre ihme vmnvn vht allribiiled 
lo ih^ir hii.dtai'd.'i t-hddren nho werenoidierx. 



<2>- 



Vitti ftt ascv}iiii'J wvh itw U} ihi' sit-o'td Ifm-^i if here wfrr ttti^ twn flii}- 
ienwlcou.uni ha. die .wintf Manwt'. tmd Yuhyo. rhe son t^/jikumyl 
Up fa tfw ihifit ht}ai'^n / saw a num n/m h'rkfd Uke the juU moon. I 
oikcii Jtbrfl u-ho ifm itaiii »ai uiui hit UrUi tPi- thut he wu.i my bmthrr 
yiaiff. ihi son of Yequb. U/i H? the foiinfi heavtn. f tnrt o man iiml I 
tlrtcrdJihrU »Jn> this irwiii hiis vnit hi- ndthne rltal he iki.t Ittris.' 

Thi.' noTTDior »;]id ihn fiophuiEphuhln^^iLcd, 
iCAtiiiWetaitetlhim wa hif^hsrmiM. ^ 

fMurynm: 57) 

Then he nsceinkU ^\.tlh mf to ihc fifsh ft&Jivn wherr tli^re >^oj an olit 
iiToii »l'/hi fiait a wUiie ftuir aiui a inu^ ln^ l/etinf; i futii fxrvcr sffu u 
iH'frv hiiifdscttf oltl I'liin ihitn hr iva.i. I aikt"^ Jihrit H'hit itiai niiiii ivin 
tiu'i hr JiiU! iiir^ rhiir Isf u'm liw rh^rir/ii'il umiata ftit ppiipfe. Hnriin. the 
ron. itf 'ImrSn. Thirn he amemied >iil/i mt ur jfif iinh hemfii wfifte I 
fnandn dav)^ fonK'i'it" ^nVni hmikfd nrrftr u.s if he wan our of i/ie rtjen of 
dtr Shunii'ah. On tixkinj: hitu i\bf'sti rhn nuin Jdirii laid me thai he wax 
rit} brutiier .WiJnr thf vm oj hnran. Up Jo tiie st'wriJJt hmwi tftrFc wm 
an oftt man billing on a rtimr tiesfde rU-Boy! oIAta miif*^\ t'\rry day 
.^r\-fniy ihiHiMoid minrh ttiirr is uiui di* nd rrriirn lo it wuit ttir Oiiyof 
Ffi-iiirn-eruiii. t have nirvcr fwrit a mvn maul rcsen'bling me &i he naf or 
II man Mhr^m I mtttl rpsemhlf hkr him. I tiakffd Mfirii iihoiif hitji and he 
toiti ifie that fie uvi5 my/alhrr thn'dvm, 

Thi*ii ftc" eoTer^J li'lrl inf lo Paiii^iie u'fufrt / ia-^t- ri fetijute i\-i/h itliiLhi^h 
tipt_. i askeit hff to y'hi'iii yhr IvffiM/iffd. as she p^diisnd me n'heii I xum' 
her. utst! .vhc n4d mc fliiis -shf helimgal m Zaytl ihn Hfi'ith\ih. ' 

The fih^TTiiCor >;^id fhiiT ion his Rituml the Prophet (pbuhi ga^'e Zayd iho 
£Ood news iibo tit her, (ThcProphei iphuhTconnnuedj 

'On ifiy way bat-K t mrl MsiiH, tHf sfm of 'ttrran, who mij rnarh iitfi- 
rerne/1 iilxnti V/tur hehiilf. He nsidint nif bow miinv pmyen hail been 



\\ TthS.Vxi^rtikff [iK.h&i^crafiu'i'^lcLailKPvDbi^UHVdkigili 



t^mimrtM unJ «■;«« ; wUi Um th.y .r«. ^v pfr ^ty Ue.^'id Trc.y^ 
h ii /-«->'>■ [Mismm] umi yt}nr mm\ art- wi-tik. .w^ *" '>«*'* f" >^'"' 
Urdaiut ask Him /or a reductitti <i» mtmUnft'r y^'i o^^!'" ••""'' ""' 

fi» me dnJ/flf '">" r^^i'O'i 'J"fl tf^ """'' <' mhtvUiM of u-ft pn'ven- Vti'n I 
Htfiji flviviv ivul ,iOi.u^d by m^a wiJ he iufvUcti tht- tamr tinnia. I ^v^'tt 
h^ck iir>^ tiskfii "jv Unl ffar funUrt rfihriionl mi Ur >tutd^ if rr- 
durlhm "f t^t praven. Thta I y.'eHiu^a\ mil pa.satd hv Mr7,m and h.- <id- 
v,srd rhf iiifne o^ain. hv^ h^ck ti^d a^iftt Hm ^fvr f^htr rf<tmiiim\ 
and Hf mutU a redudiim «/:«? pnnvrs. Miisa hipi ndvi^inx "«- '*^ 
Munr fvery Hint t t^-^Sfd by hun viiiilfiVfr pmy-i^'s "trr comm^ndr^f /'"■ 
the nholf d^y and n.fifi/. IVVim / 'etumed rf> MO^a hif ur^.'d mr fitrM- 
iher fxdixclifm hul t J^'id r,f Uim. 'i Iiu^-p ii'"''i bi'fk to my lumt rv- 
priiiivrty fixkinf: (fur reduiriont nitril I have he^iait ihy ajHim. Mf f wiU 

heUtfttmi «fi/nn^ it,r ^Ueu regard Jmit Me wdt huMf d\c reyvardefjm 

Aba laiib and Khadljah Die 

Khadijah iind Abu lalib pushed away in Hit- sjiiit year. Aficr KlwrH^jah's 
OCLilli trouWcv folk'WLii uiic itficr anolhcr, fijr she had hLtn a (ii\ihfv\ help 
and cL^mfon to h.m in !slfli«. Wilh ihe nHe^iTh .>f Ahi^ TSKh htf bsl a support 
ii^ siov in hi^ personal life, and a liMiirit'mHjn and pmnvlion iigain^i The 
Qiiravsh The dcaih cif Abfl I^lih was about rhrec yeaui beftue ihe 
EiiiisfiHion \o Madinah. During this pemid. ihc Quniysh kgon lo increase 
lhi;lr mallrc^tm^m imtl msuli hirn tn J v^i»y ihai ihcy wl'^uIJ h^vc never had 
Ihir c^^urugi; 111 follow whin his uncle was ulive. 

A young fooi 3cm;iMv hurM diu^l on his kJid The ProplU't ipbuhi weni 
hnrru^ will, ihc dusl ^n Uis hciid. A daugma of his wepi *hile .ht waj. 

WLlShingiL T^wiwN'ri', ^U^^rwf/' he ^iit}, "for Atlidi»iil pf^r^ct your f.iih^r.'' 
Meanwhile he was s;iyine, ''Vic Qiirayih ti^^ nmt:'' J^e to me afiytking di.'i' 
iikabk U' "tr ""«/ -^^^ ^/i^ ///s-J/ 

V/hcn ihe Quraysh knew cif Jtic scvcit iUncss of AWl Tfllib, tlwy 
ftmmdoi ciich olher ilva Hamji-h und ^L'miit had hcccme Mu-.linis !IS welt 



iLs Ujc fdti ilidt MuUjiiiniad'j. ufniini pievalkil among all lUc (^utayihi cJans. 
'Tftcj decided lo go lo Abu X^^'^ '<■' ifitdi a win of (^umpruilUSC lOSl ihey bc 
constriimcd in ihairaulhontvuJiogoilitx - — 

Ibii 'AbbSN rcpoL'ii-d ihui mu m>hli:s of ino Qlir^y.^h among whom w*;fe 
*Ulbah und Shaybah. (he wns of RobfiJi. Abii JiJii. Uinuj-yali ibn Klmlaf, 
and Atfl Safyun. went lo AbO JjUib and -iaid. '"You kmyw your posilion 
Hrnoni; im yml nnw in your curront tundiiion v.e arc deeply concerned ^ibcJtil 
yoa Vou Vnow Ihc probkms beiwe^n um and your nephew. Summon him 
and \ci us make- a bargain thm he will leave ui jltmc and we wiJl leave liim 
alone; li^[ liim bjvc his religion and we will have ours," When he iplmhj 
cumc- Ahu liihlj said, "O nephew, here Jire coioblci of your people who 
have gaihercdsous m ^ive and lake frum you," "JVj." he aaswered/V.rr v**u 

laiij gnf /iv. one uarti />v n/irW" )oh twj ™ii' ;^ .-^rn/jr and SUtijtXI the nun-Arfifi^ 
tti;™f*.""Yei,>y yonrfmhcr, ;mdici] word^." snid Abu J^hl He said, "Jhy, 
)hereh nastnihia AHnh' unii re'ifrwuvwhil yim \ytir\hip inlsfr I'l^in ftir»." Tlwy 

cliipped their hands (asTi>uTii.iinjflyl and said. "Do you wani lo mate all ihc 
god^ jn one god. O Nluhamniad ? Thai is un exiraordinary mmter". Then 
Ihcy said fine lo anoihtrr, "Th:s man will not give yon iinvihing [h:ii you 
warn, so go aitd bo with rhc refigjon of your forefjtthsrs until Allah judges 
between yvn and him/" So Ihuj left, 

AbO lillib said [o :hc Prophci ipbuhj, "By Allah O nephew. I do nnl 
ihink ihat you usked ihem mmcihEng noniicnse." On hejuing thiiin the 
Prophet Iphuhi v^ishcj ibii he Auuldcmlnatc bhmi. jnti he said ai once, "O 
iincle. say it, omJ I slialt mk Imy fjint} lo tiuiia- h h-.tfif/ (ffr tiitf} h/raiuie of it t*i 
interciiif fvT vou on tJtr Rcsuri-mifiti ihty." Seeing ihc Pr^ip^c^'^o^lhll^in*m he 
answered, "Were ii noi ilui I jm afraid ihni yoii aii<l your family would bc 
disgraced a/ter my dcaih ant! iha^ Ihi; Quraysh would think ihai I had only 
f^dii in fearofdcalh. f would say iL I am not ^yifig it bur for pleasing you 
wiih It. " Ai hK dcaih was upprtiaching, AI-^Ahbis found AM lalih moving 
ilL■^ lip?,, io he pui hi-t cdt tlose m him and said. "O nephew, by Allah, my 
broiler hcis i»pok*:n Ihc w^rli yo>i oi?dcred iiim lo auy." Ttic Pruphci tpbuhl 
repliefl, " I ,hi} >ios hear it.^ 

Allah ^nl down concerning (hose who met vt\\h him and ihc sayings 
and replies ihey exch^fed. 



■OD- 



iS^, 8y Hje Qur'an full ofrrmitt^ins. Nv\\ ihosf wJifi iHihflievc an- bi 

J iHoi- fa- imtilf thp liiifw iSf^W fiiHj rnio Oi\c tidh iGoti - AHaJit. Veri- 
ly, iha ua tHrirm.> ihing!' And the tca\ttr\ amfHf; iheft' wv"/ lA'iir firtv- 
Umi: 'Co m. and rtmaitt amsiant V> ymr SHhn i^nihi! Veriiy. Ttiis is a 
lliiHK itesianfd iiiiiii'mf wi{l' We tu)vi iitn htrardfthi^ tikt} t^ilus antpns 
Ihe fieitpk o/tfrrsi- later itayii'. jk 

fSfld: 1-7} 

Thoy nKM}^ Chrisiijins bcciuiw Utcy say. 

i 'Miali tv the thirdftfiht tfiree tip it Tiinityi' y 
^T/lis Is-nvlliin^ t>iii ttii irtwiiiimi!'^ 

nietiAbOtaiibdJEi" 

The Prophet (pbuh.) Goes 

to Thaqif Seeking Support 

As a rcsull ul' the ini:E\.'ysinH cnmily of ihc Quniysh nncr his uncle's 
deaih. ihc Prophet ipbuhi wt-nT L> Ai-Ta' if seeking suppon fiom ttie Thantf 
\M Ji-fcnd liirit d^aiiisi Jii> wWtc. Al ihc :iiuiic lime he wLj^licd ihat ihcy woidd 
Hcccpi the Mcs^jg*! it'fiichAJlah.had sent him wiv!i. He weniJiTone. 

Arriving At-Ta'if ihc PrGplWI (pbUh) heudeJ ro certain person aliries of 
ihc Thiiqif who xv^re rhen (hi?rr ^ot;lhk■^ .jikI ttiicfs. namely three bmilicri: 
■ Abd ViUTJ- Mas' lid, and Habib. ihc soes of 'Arm ibn Hfraayr. Oiw of ihcra 
l^d u Qt]tiiy>hi wift of ^sm Jintijjj, Tlic ProplKi i^pbuii^ sai \^iih ihcm, 
colled ilii^m m i^liLHi ujid asked ihcir sujipim ug^inst his jjdversDnc^ ai home. 
"i wilJ iciir lUc clmhri *>r ihc Kii'hjJi if AlluJi hiis <cn\ you as <i Messenger?" 
^Qid one i>f [iioin, "Did i>iiT AIIjiTi HnJ anyunc other ihan ynii lo ^ond?" said 
\\\t second. "\ swear hy Allah lh:ii I will never hiivc any i:omacr wiih you. If 
you aie rcaHy ihe Me:.scnpcf i^f Albh. ihen yoii are rm> iliinEernns lo reply 
to your wonJs; and if you or- belyini? AlUifi. tli(;i] 1 icel Jl is jnpcrmivi: noi 
tn Tipcjk lo you" .said (Ik'^ ihitd. 

— cs. - 



So [\iC ProphL'I \ pbufi l gol up anU naid to Ihtm, "Seetn^ ihat yau Ifnve acred 
as ytfU hiivr. Artr/j ilir rnuji/r i^rrtrt," for he did nol likv ihJl bis people would 
kni)w It. flo ihul ihcy would further hurt hiiu. On Uic tonlran ihey T^tirrcd up 
ikiMT louu and Slavics lo scorn him 3ind riduule him :i-i he w;i^ piir^imd by u 
m*^. He lujughi ^vfui-c and rested agamsr rhe shade nf vi wjU of a vineyard 
of ar» orchard povM:^^d hy^Ulbah ibn Rubrohand hi^hmihcr Sbavbah whi» 
were jn h m rhm linw watching him. The Praphci iphghJ met the wi)nun 
from Bunil JunryJi and £i>iid lo her. iDtr yna sett ^vluit Ha:! acfurrfd jo ttsfrt>in_ 

your hiixhomi'i praptc?" 

I wiaioId%u.whcjiLhc PtapliL:L|pt)u1i)rc;K;hcdsdftly tic said. 

"0 Altiili' Tv T/rii I crmiplahf t/frnv i\.rahtc\s. ijfmv ht-lptfisntss, tiiid 
my inTigffijicancp baforf men. O Mttsi MtrrifitI nl thr menrifitl. Yuit an 
;ftr' tjirct o/ ifir tjdiileas <init Ytm tjn- piv U'Fd' Inlii whti.ye hiiiul\ yimht 
Yiiu 1-ninLfir inr'/ tutu the hmuL ffti ri'mtiT^' fei'iini n7r« wntld yi-fiivi al' 
nrf. or fa an tr/r^my who yen hiiVf j^iit'i cmlfl <n'^/- mv uffmn'-' If Ycu 
art' notaitMry \i'lfh mr, Idmioiturt'; hur Yntir clefHL^m-y is mnrf ivirlr fur 
nv. isfek r/^st with rhe Li^hi of Your C''iitn!rTte'u:t. -whcrrin u!i dark- 
ness is ittwumititii. nml tif Whirii till nffair\ ure nnti-reit irt rhf\ i<iitrUIa% 
i»y// as in the Herruftir. frmn fany p/f>:iihiiiiy> thai Ynii \iuiald semi' 
t/fnii Yrmr ii'iser or ifiiii i '{hifiiSti ini'ur Your wrath. U is for me io return 
Hf y*ia uiilii Y^u iirf ar/S niii^fiFd' Vierr is ti(n»etiii\ tior rinKlif ^uve 
H)//( Yifur' 

String hm in iliis dirfieuli siiuai^>n, Utbuli iind Sh^ytriih, were nK^ved 
on ihc grounds of kinnliLp jnd cujiipusisjun. and Mn\ w hink n yuun^ 
Chnscijii sluvc cnllcd 'Add^s with a Iray of gropes. ^Addjf did so. and on 
pjjEiiii^ his hiiFid in ilw pidiier ihc ProphcJ (pbuh) said, "tn the nome ff'A/hih* 
'fficn liL' started cuiinE;. 'AddSs knikcd al his iacc and ^aid, "By Alluh, ihe 
people m i.hi? land dti noi use these words." The Prophet (pbuht Ihcn asked, 
^'7'iv/i ftiiii •\hirt\ iimiUfy iUr vtm ame. AiUth? Ami n-iiat ii ytrnr rrii^iunT 
HcrcplTed thai lie wus a CJiTLHTiOfi and came fromNlnHw'''." ~ From the ii>ivit 
tifihf ngftieous man Yiiniis. the ^on nj MastaJ^' Siid llw Prophet (pbuhj- "How 
did ytni yaow nboul Ydnu^, Ihe ^ri of Motla?" n^ikcd ^Add^. "He h my 
ffroihrr/-: h€ ««i a P'ojtisei anii \fA inn t." remarked the Mes^nccr of Allah 

(pbuh). Atyil^bcniov^'rhimkivsing hishcud. hanJs,uRd fccL 

1 A "itW^&r in Al Mdiwiil in Inkii 



m) 



'JTir iwo bT**\hi:ss. the sons ol Kahrjh. Twtre watt:hing ;indJ otic MJiti la 
the other, "Hti has L-omiplet^ your jJavc!" AnJ wUcii Addis rciumcd iJlcy 
said 10 litm. "WW li> you. Ailtl^fi. WHy did you ki^s ihui nwuis licad. hunds, 
and ftct?" He answpnzU itoi he wsa llic bi:\L man on canh .i* iic biul lold him 
[hin^i ihm only d f'ropiici coaM ^ik"A'. Thv-y fv^jIicJ, "I\dc Liirc, 'AJJu^^ 
Di^ nirt Ici hifii sctiuctf you fium your religion, a^ joihj. U heller ihfln his." 

The Jinn of Nailbin 

On his way hat-k friim At-lVi'ir. Iht' Pmphel Iphiih) was dtspcral*; of ici 
get Tinvrhinjj nui of ihe Th.iqif. WTion lio rc:irhfd Nnkbliih'^V he roSL' lo uiTtc 
prayer m il\c middk of [he nighl.and scvi^n J inns from Na^ibTn wTitini Allah 
h;i> mL:nrii>ne<I (in ihc Qiir'ani pJ'^^ ^V- ^^y li-'^'cncd lo him. Whon he 
ended his prayer lhe> -almu Ui llicir poxjpic lo wjm iliiim. as they had 
hcliev(;d iind ic^pi^ntkd lo wti^i Itn^'V Jiad heard, Allah the Aimighiy lolJ ihc 
Prvp ^cl .(phuh^ ahi.Kii ihcm in itic verges: 

iAnd frerjjrml'frr} uhcrt Wf srM to»<aivR \'^u ^Miiltitmntniti Nt^r^n 
it^\ref totenpiTSmi'i fjf the pans. {qDiahi Usienin^ in fhe Qut'an..." m 
the ii'wrc/i "...tmil \iittM\'eyuiifriHiiiipaii\JhitiiraieatU-^ Uell-Jireh'^ 

(Al-A^jqjif: 29-?!) 

MsG in this rcgurti XMah Lhc Ahri^h[y suys, 

^S<i} lO X-hihiiiimniIl: 'h hm been reveille^ tit nir" tbal ti eft^tp fV^wji 
toiht:t^iiiJ of ihcirsJor^' in Sariir ni-Ji/in. 

The Prophet [pbuh) Extends his Preaching 

to Other Tribes 

Whenever u chiiriLc f^anx lA ihn siin^onrH of pilgrimd^c. tht PmphcL 
ipbuh^ t.'unta(^iiy4l the Arab iribci; lo inviio ihcm to bcHevc in AUab litid Ihut 
he wns a Prophci who hyJ been scni by fijm. He U3*tcd Uir Ihcir pruiei^iEon 



I Die/ jin: i\Vh^ \jiili:y«, jtxiui ii luii-melLt j^ijirh-y frurri Mubkjilj, One of (hem ih ^ikl^ NiJlduLl;di 



® 



uniil AUnh F^ould niiikc lli^ Mi??^s;igc prevail. Rabr^ti iJiri Abft^d said, 
"When \ was s young boy with my father m Mm*i. dfc PruphcL (pbuh) umJ 
to Blcp at ihchuuic&of U^Arab Iribes saying, 

O/tanrt ™ f/H ,m, iamAlhh's Me-yserifitrr tu you. He ^pmmnnti'^ \'oa ^» 
Witnhjp iitm ami nnr in tis.\iiniiri' nuvrfiii^ h"i'/i tiiuj. ami to iiitofuUm 
i/iaxe <iiiinf!Athiii ytnt mkr a\i livtii.t *iii A/ia/i umli rfuii •ntni witrstnp iiih- 
t'/ ihun Htm. *jfl J fw bcUr\'€- in me, supp^^rt mc. hjiJ pmtrct me tintlt t.ctm 
ptfiSfnl whiii AlUih has n^nlmFfor.' 

Diifmg this, tic was followed [>y an nrtfiil and spruce man wiib iwo lock^ 
of hiiir. wearing -.in Aden olont. Whenever (hu Prophei tpbuh) ended hi*, call 
he vKiid m SJiy. ThiK man calls ri> you eo descri Al-Lfli and Al-'U^Jii and 
your iLssociaiE^s of i^n: jinn of B^inO MiLlik Jbn Uq^ty-ili fur ihc niJs^uidi^tg 
iAnDVatJon hi; h.Ls brought, so do hql obey or IhicR Eo ?il[n.' I ^^A^d my 
fadier uboui thE^ man who followed him to recanL whiii tie :iaid. on^ he 
uTLswcnrtl (hui n wa^ ihi Piuphi^Uf uriiJlc ^ AtHJuJ-' Uzzl ibn AbiluJ-MuiiJiib. 

Ihn Jstiiiq siiiJ, "Ihn Sbihati a^-Zuhrt reponed Itiat he weni ro Ihc 
cnt:unipnKiii^ (if Ihc K^njidiih »' licit vms achkt of ihdr^ C4iUcd Mul.»yh. Hi: 
called ihcm to believe m AMah ;ind introduce*} himself buT they rcnoonccd 
him. He alio wen! to Banu 'Amrr ihn ii'ia'iih ami called (hem m abandnn 
<i_(blaLi\ imd jam h'mi. One oi l\^m c^Ied Baybumh ibn Fii^ lUiiil. 'By 
Allah, if I ctmfd rake ilus Hian from ihc Quraysh I ft'ouid eat up the Arabs 
wjlh him, Tlii^n he usked hiin, 'U wu give you aLlc^unjc and Albh gives 
you power over yoitr npponcnrs, shall wc have authoniy aiicr youT The 
Prophtl fpbUhl icp^crf. 'Thr i^hok u_^air Ue:. in Allu}\'s Hands ami He mauaga 
it tt\ He wiih.' The man tonmnjiiJcd. "Do you expcci us lo inciir the wraih Mhi 
vengciUice of the Arabs fnryou and [!ken rf Allah gives yoii victory sonie<Hie 
else will leap the bcnefii? Wc do not need lo inTcjfere.' and ihcy icfuiJcd [o 
help bim. 

Af^crw.irds when fljnii Amir rcrumed hnme. Th^y were airuslomed lo 
give the nc^s of ihc Huts lo an nid miui ot [hc:ir>. ulin lin^eral hehlhd 
becauw of Ins old age. They said Tiini, 'A yoxmp num of ihe Qumysh. of 
Banu Abdul- MtuiuHb cbim^ ihM kc is a Piophei. He cuntucitid u^ und 



<S> 



asked 11^ to support, prowci. and take him to our UirnJ.' The oltl man pui his 
hands up^m his head and said. 'G Banii Amir, i:ould ii bavt; bttn regumeaT 
Whai ii Jos& ol <n>piinunity! Nvim: of ihc dcitendcins of hnaU has ever 
claimed ll U,c. proplielhood l falwly. It h the inilh. Where w/as your 
common wnw?' " 

'AbduJiiih ilfn Ku'& reporitd ihac the Messenger of AMuh fpbuh^ wcni to 
Iht hgusi-s ofBirO tlaulfyh lo CbiM Ihem lo Allah and to irtmduct himself, 
hii< niMiV of ihe AnS;* wcrt.- iis repuKivc in their dcninl a*; Ihej' wen: The 
Pfttphei (pbuh) kcpi im rniruducinti himself m ihe mbcs invilm? Ihern to 
believe in AHali and hlLiin. jnd whenever men CJime logctJier at the \inrs or 
he hcJirtl of an\ of the noiahld coming ff» Makfcah ihan he went iw Lhcm 
wiih bi^ ine^s3gc. 

Suwayd ibn SJi^' «f fl^nLl *Amr ibn 'Awf. went lo Mukkjh for 
pilgrimage. When ihc Ptophei if*iuhl heard aboiii him he syupht Iimtj oui. lo 
cdl ium lo Islam, Suv-ayj sjid to ihe Pmphei iphuh), 'Pi:rliiips >oli h,ive 
NOHKiliing like ivhai I luvc." "Ah^/ wtuit h rhiaf" a.skcd die ProplKi tpbuhl. 
^'Thc scroll of t-uqman." (i.e. the wi;>dom<^f Lnqmoni, he ^pss^^rcd. "Shf>^\ it 
lomE." FMiid ihc Prupbci tpbuh), and he bunded ii over The Pmpber iphiih> 
Ihtn *.uid. "TJHtfjT fire jifflJrfJ vivire/x am/ mUuI I iui^-f ix bctier i/mn sin^. n Qiif'h/i 
that AfUiii sht Aimijittiy hm sett ^io^\'R lo mc. whnh tv ii pitittancf and o hfihr." 
■Rien he (jibuh) Ti^iii:d iiinic verses from ilic Qur'an. and iflviied him lo 
Islam The man did ntil refuse il bui s^d, "Tlii> is a tme i^pcech ." When he 
relumed Eo his people in Madinah. he was soi>n kdkJ by ihc Kliuiraj. Sonic 
of hi^ people said. "Wc ihinh ibaE he hiiil iKcri a Muslim vhca be wus 
killed"; he WiLS killed priur lo ihc tji^iUeoJ Ru'jih. 

The An5.Ar Embrace Islam 

When Allah ordained m give MVCfcignty lo Uh religion. iO sirenglhcn 
HiRProplienphuhK i*ml in fnTfil Hi' Promise lo htm.lhe Pn»p1tcT (pbuli) mel 
a number of Mfldmuh orsidems i who were faJer known as ihc Ansari al Ihe 
iicasoii of pilgrmD^, As ustial he in[rodtn:<^d himself ro the Arab Iribes 
when lie met ai AI-^Aq-ibnh''' a nurnher of iht Khniriij on ^^llom Allah 
wanltd (s> besniw go*>dness. On asking diem he biew ihiU Ihty were of the 



— <S> 



K!ijzi,ij mid iifljci Di' iliu" Jew* iff pofiii^J}' mvitcU Itieni lo sii v.i[h niiu JiiU 

c^p,»LindtiJ K> ihcm Islum untl EcutctI ihe Qur'au W 1Ih;iil. AIIj^i hud paved 
rliL- wiiy fnr kl.im in Ihni ihcv ujcrc livm^ adjuccnl l<> ihc Jcwr.. "aHo v/cre 

from The PctipJc of the Book and Ihcy hod knowlcJei?. wliilr ilicy wpjc 
polyihciM^;, Tbcv had con^uctal iheni in their land. And, whvnt^vcr rhcrc 
*Hs .iny dilTereni'c hctween ihe |wi> pnilics. Ihc Jews used to ^ay to Iht-in, 
'APmphei whti wilir>eNCEii waiiu message is ^xjui irt rise. Wc wdl lollow 

him. and with him ws will kiH you as ihc pa>plc oi Ail antl Irjin W"eic 
killed." So when Uh! Messenger t»l' Aiiyh ^pbuhi talked lolhcm abom kbm. 
lliey ya\6 one Lo mitilhcr. liewarc, by Alluh, ihj\ i?i (lie vciy Prophei wnh 
Ak-hom ilK Jews ^lav(; tbiviiiciied us; wlTcrcfore do mn Jci ihcm behove m 
him before yoti." 'Hiereuppn they iictepced his piEiichmj; und became 
MusliiiLS, sayings "Their is no iiibe ih:it is so diviJoU t>v hairod juitl ("anfor 
ar. uui people aie, and may Albh bring ditni lupetTjcr EhTtmph you. So Icr u^ 
£0 iind inviw ihtni lo ihis rch^ion of your^: and if AUah unites Ek^in in it, no 
irutn.i^ill be iiiigblier thun you. " 

They tcFl tbe Prophet [pT>Lih> and went back to MadTnali hclrcvinp in 
hlnm. They vjcri' si^ rtnm Ihc KhaTjyj. as I uo.s told. Kt-.u^hinc Madrnuh, 
they iflid iheir peofric jlwut ihe Prrphti (pbuh) oafling (hem lo embrace 
IsLom imiil ii hctiuuc w/dcly spredJ anmiig them. Tfirrf was no liau^C 
hclongin^ of dw An^ but UJam Jnrf the Pmphei (phuhi had been 

mcniioncd Ehcj? ja. 

The First Pledge of Al- Aqabah 

Tilt ^oIU)^vmg year. «n the occasion of the jiilprinugc. Iherc came it 
jjinjp vf lu'clvc iif the Ansar whomec hiin o) Ai-'Aqabnh. TTiis was rhe first 
Pledge of Al- Aq;ib!ili. A-hcre ihcy p2vo ihe Prophet (pbuhl a pledge in the 
tnannci of the pledge of ihe WDincn'"'. ITiat hivl hetn hcforir light was 
piB^crihcd, Among .those Tnen were: As' ad ihn /ur^raH, Kjfr iha Malit. 
'Ub3ftah ib[iLi:;-griniU. unJ Ahul-IL^nThni ihn alT.iyvuhSji. X>h^d>ili 
Ibnus-S^mir rt-poriL-d, "] auenJed ihe fmi pledge of AT- Aqibah. Wo v/cn* 
[wt'lve nwrt ptedgmK oursdves to Ihe ProplieT iphuh> m ihi: mJinncr ol' the 
picdjic of iIk woiiitJi. Ttiai had been bt^h>n: fl^h( wus [MEStilbed. Tims, we 
gave him our pledjrc thai we wil! not a>scioi3[e .inylhin!; in wLii?>hip wilh 



he ttHl litkcn rhr plcdgf ol the nvn. 



Alliilh !hiH wc will nm siciii. Uiiil wc wjl! nui commit illi^s^it ^t^u:ll 
mU--[V{)ur%c. Ihul wc will nut bll[ i»ur diildPCJi« Ihul wi: will mil \iiKT slunJcr, 
iniumioiiiilly fori;ing falsehood, Jincl Ifui we will nirt Jiwbcj him m 
aoyiiiiii^ Lhiii l:Hl-un ordnins, (TTic Prophet (p^l4>^ ;^fliJ (o "a,) 'WAorvuf/r^^s 
rf/j/c/ wilt I'liier Puiijflijf: iii'i! x\ftiM'i-frt.'/>iairiiif any /^ ihtif ihis. ir wiU be for Al- 
tah. Ghrijigit unii Exaitnd bt Hf. Wfi/> miry puuijili etrpnri^f' as He pJtdiex. 

Ibti U\iai\ notd. "When itec men Icfi. (lit Prt^rhei (pbi»h^ *cm iv-ith ihem 
Mu£\ib ibn Urmiyr. the H>n of llfT'^him ibn ~Abd ManSf. c-hufging him lo 
^how, ihcm hiAv lo fecili? \\\e Onr'an, lo ii'adi ihem Wam. iind lo help rKcm 
iinrfLTMiintl ihi: ilocirinw Jif llKir religion. In MiiJinsJi Mui\ib was callitl 
"The Reciter" :uiil he usc<J lo bi^ their Iniiiin in ihc prayers bocausi: liu.- Aws 
and rhe Kha/rnj could noi siand tliar ihey lake ihe lead oFone ancithcri 

The Second Pledge of Al-"Aqabah 

During dit pUgiimugc scjim,!)!. Mu^'^ih rciurncd ikj Makkali. along with 
the Muslim Aii^jir who went to Muktiih with ilieir polyihei^i people lo 
(Krfofm ihp tiTuds ur pilgrimage- Thej -igreisl [o ino<s [f;c Pruphct Ipbuh) at 
niglu in iht mid of Tjw/jrifl di>^ ([hrcc d.iy^ ^ifrcr ihe day uf sjcrificci af a 
hillock ill Al-' Aiiaholi. wht;n Alliih willed Eo honor ihcm. hcTp H^s Prophcr 
{pbuhj,ardioM[eii£thcnl&lam. Ku>. ibn MGItl; said. 

"Wesi GUI wirh the polyiliei^i pl^'tims of our pcopb, 3s we Lncw how 
fc pray unJ pcrfumi ihc riiuals of ihc pilgiimage Al-Bar3' ihn Ma ria, ouf 
chiiifiJid ma^ref aLvnmpamed us. Travelling from Mmiinah^ Al-Bara said, 
"I hiivc an opifiion which 1 do nor know wheilitr you will jpprove of it or 
not- 1 pfopuse lit nut Id iliis hmldinp {ihs Ka'bali) [fehLnd m) hack, so lo 
fact it in piaycrs.' Wt: w>ld him Ihol iiccorilin^ to our infumiLiiiun (he 
PmpheT (pbuh» u^ed lo diie*^l his fiJcc lowanis Syna in praycri. and wu cfitJ 
Qol wiJiil \o be diffcn»ni from him. He ^aid. 1 wrll offer pmyer lowarJs ihe 
Ka'hah-' Wc reiorrcif. But we will nol/ Ai the tinic af pravcrs. we offered 
[hem icjwaiiJs Syria whcn:as lie offered ihetri towards the Ka'bali until we 
reached Makkah We Warned hiin for his deeJ. but )ic rtfusEd and struck In 
his view. Arriving ,it Makkihh. he said lo me, O nephew, lci lis gu [<* ihc 
Prtipliti fpbuii) lo i^k him atniui what I have licco doing ihnjughoui our 
irjvt;!, lor I feel '^onit hfSiiaiiDn b^cuuHC you opposed mi.-.' Thus we heuiied 



hr \hc Propiict ipbufi). wlumi wc did ntn tnow or sec \kU.'h: Wc usKfC :v 
man of Mukkjih jhoul (he ProphcUpbuh), He asked if wc knew iuiii mid wc 
K^iid. 'No'. Thpn dd> you knitw hit, undc AI- Abhaa ibn 'AhduJ-MuUiJlib".'' he 
flsktrd- Wc said 'Yes." as he in-cJ lo tome fo u*i as h mcR:liiini. Ho laid, 
"When you ciHer the Mosqwe he is ihc man who i& siiiing beside Al- Abbus: 

Wp wtfnl In rhi? Mosque where Uie Prophtl fTibuh) va^ sittmg ncsl To 
Al-'Abh£s, The Pi'oph«i iphuh) asked AT-'AbbSi. 7>j ifj» jtJHJu- r/irvr rn^^- 
men, MiuUFtidiy He said IliJil he did -ind introduced u^ to him. f shall 
never forgei ilie Prophtl's wtJtU when mj^ oumc w;is meniioned. The pociV 
Al-B;ii5' sJiid, ^O PropheE of AUaJi. 1 set otiE on this journey as a MuUim, for 
Allan nus guided me to Lslam. J Fell rhai I eould noi turn my back to rhis 
building lihc Kd^bah)^ io 1 ofJered prajcis lowanl.s ii; hut whec my 
companions differed wirh me 1 Idi !.oiiir diTubl. Whai do yim ihnik. O 
Messenger of Allah?' He repli«J, Yrw \hmttA Un^f kvpiutth^ ic^riatnatf q\btah.^ 
AJ-Bara" relumed to the qihhh of the Pruphci (phuhl and offered prayer 
With us (o^^s Syria. Then we wen: oui to pcrffirm ihe pd^nmage. having 
agreed ft'ilh the Propher (pbuh) lo meei him ut AI-'AqabiJi In ihe mid of Ihc 
daysof rai7//f^. 

In Dur company was AhdullSii ibn 'Amr ibn Haram, who was a 
palyibciit i:hii;f and a notable in <Kjr people Wc .said to him. Yt>v: ane oiw of 
our mnster> jnd iimablcs and a^ do nm want Ihai you should serve as fLcl 
for ihc fire in ihe future beciusc of pol>■lilei^^l/ Then wc invited hitn to 
embrace bhim imd told him nboui our inicnlimi inmEci Lhc Prophet IpbuhJ 
at Al-'Aqahnh Immediately he became a Mufilim, witnessed AI-^Aqabali 

^'iJh us. bcLng w Nitti'sb {leader)^ 

We ■slept lliai Vfiy nipM among our people \n ihe eiunps imEJl ^^'Hen a 
Ihird of tlie ni^ht had elapsi^d: *e left stealthily [o our appoininient wiih the 
FlOpbe[ tpbuhi a^ fur as the gully neiuhy Al-'^Aqabah. Wc were 
l^niv-lbree men. and two wanien. Nusaybah. the daughter of Ka h and 
AstnjV. Ihe daughter of 'Ainr''', Wc giitliefcd uigethcr wailing for the 
Messenger of AlJiih (pbuh| who came in ihe company u! hii andt 
Al- Abbas ibn ' Abdid-MuUidib, u-hti was siill u polyiheist, but he came m 
conohEjfJilc him He wa^ the flrsr. to >pcak: 



1 Ifm I'baq ijiil ThJ PriJphFl :f*iuN) tiiii nni ^ke hund* i^iili H'jmucii, Fun Iw irnk rlmir plft^ 



"O you people of KhazTij - tht^ Arjbs; Uicd tocAl iln- pcijple ofihis jireu 
'ihc Kliji/Ejj'. vulieiliiir ihey wcie fiom ihc Kh:i/rJi or ihe Aws - ynii jII know 
(he poMtion ifiaT Mub;in5miiJ lioIdH dniong us. We hj\e pnHeciHj him from 
our pcopk as aiuch iis we could- lie lives in honor and siiPciy amon^ his 
iTCc^pIc- He has chosen lo join you, so [f you (hint you can ajhcie lo your 

proini*it U) him, and if yoti can pniicct him fnini hi* cncmit^, (hen assume 
Ihe hvirdt-'n ifiat you have uncttnaken. However, if you arc going lo 
rcJinquish and bfirj) hmi iifn^ [lih joining jqii, ii i,s bcHpr lu leave him now, 

ftir he Ji s^rc whtrt: he is,' 

We repln;<l, 'Wc huve heard yovir woFUi, Too spciA, O Messenger of 
Allph, and lake our plcd^i; for yourself and for youi Lord as you wishJ The 
Mes-;cnger uf Allah (pbuh) ^I3rri:d !.pe»kin^. He incited Inm the Qitr'an. 
called xhcm to s^'on^hip Allt^h. sad uried ihem Co suck 10 Islam, and ihen 
said, 'i lake yf^itr pteiUe thai youtiehar me fFoi>\ wha\fV€r \Qa debar ytwr no'»en 
and duidnij /nun ' AI-BarA' Look his hand ^d said. Oh yu^, uc swcjit by 
AJTyh. Who his wn[ you as a Proplter. with TruLb, ihar wc will dtbar you 
from MhaievL'f wt Jehar ourselves lar our women) Irom. Trust li%, Q 
McMvcngctof Albh, By Allal^ Acore true [ighiertand qutie rcliahk m war; 
it if; a chuiiicTerislic which wc inheriled from our fofcfiilliers/ Then 
Abiil-Haytharn ibn jii-TayyyJiin iniemipted <aying, 'G Mes^Jiger of Allah, 
*'c have lies with oilier men (he meam ihc Ji^ws), und we are going la f;ever 
ihcm. If, when we have done ihal and Altah graiiB you poi^cr and victory, 
ihould we Ljxpcci thai you then reium lo youc people aid leave us?' Tlie 
Prophet (pbuh) sinikd and ^uid. Yiwr hi^nst nil! in- my iUfiiid. cirtd my ^rm<! nnd 
tion^e yiiH be ^xfierre ytiiiyfiyill be Y^u are /mm me mul t am /roiu vini. lyviSifigh 
v> hi'iiicver yiiu Jight lUiiI i »Hf nmke jieiin* WJili whi/meivr viH miiie imnr »iih.' 

The Messenger of Allnh [phuhl Jilso said lo [hem. (ici mf. r^frfvf ieaders 
fhsm iimimg yriii ra tnkf ifiaig^ "/ '''"' p^'plp'^ nffairs. ' Tliiry iippoinicU mnv 
leadtrr*: frt>ni the Khazraj and three frtim llio Aws/^' 



The ic^iilfTf nT UKKharE.kj ^v^w, At'jdibn i'jirimh, Sa'd ihnyr-RjW, A^iJuTlflh ilwi Ra^JAnh. 
Rdir ihn Mrilik. Ar-Hjirj ibn Ma lur. 'Ahlullah lEin 'Amnhn Usiaoi. nod 'IJluiJih itmui-^ami, 
A)f(irihc Li:i^fi\ ni ihe Am. ihej she Uu^il ihn Uudnfi. Sii a iIvl KhjyTtiyrTqih, liul Hiiu'ih 



AI'BarJ v."^^ [he fini lashdko Imiids with i\k Proplict ;pbub) and rhc 
pv^plc TolUwc*! him. WJ}cn vvc all hud givcnouipfcdgk;, Sulon yelled Iram 
Umt Ifip of AZ-^Aqjbah in rhe mus* pictting viikjc I hnvc ever Jieard, u 
pCo|7lc <>r the smtion (nf MinS>. dn yrwj wnn( ihls mihercant nad renegades 
wKa ure wilh him und vulnf hitvc ^nlh^rcJ lu wia^c uinr ngninfil yov?" The 
Prophet fphuhj «aid. Tkiiisrh^ArjMtijAf-Aniihih. 7?ih « f^f- irifl ^A^^aW*" 
!D]en Ik (phull) said. 'Gn to warcamtfs.' 

A1-" Ahhif-v ihn UhJjdah s-iid, "By Albh. if you »A<ihh. we wi!l fighi ihe 
pi^ople of Minn rnmomjw wiih our swonJ^/ He neioilcJ, Wf tunc not iin^rt 
tirdiiffitnl to ih so. sfl go fwrk to ™»r atmp^.' So we reuirned to Oiir btd^ jnd 
sicpi uniil iliL' morning. 

TdcdiJcfsofQumvshc^imt: m ihc m'>nimEloourdwdTingsaiidsaid, 'O 
pcojilc nf Khij/raj. rto h^vc hccn informed ihai V"^" *-'3">*^ i^ tJ^^iC 
Muhiimmud frt>nj wiihin us fn ivdi^r iti maJit? a picdgf wiiU liim U^ figlH 
iigiiinsT iifi, By Allah, ilicrc is noni; of Uje A^ab^ wJuini wc hale lo he at war 
wiiii *noa' tlian y*iu!' .\i ih]i;c. piilyil]L'isi*P of mu pcopk emcrgi^d swL';irlng 
rhfll n^thinf of ihiki hu<l happened. They were inic for ihcy knew iiuChLiig 

Tlie pftople left Mina nnd rhey csrefiilly in^'es^l£^Lcd the infiirTnulion and 
founil ll to ht rnic. Thiw. iht^y went on ptirsuing; jny <i| put people so ihcv 
n?achtfd Sa^d ibn ^Ubklati ai Adfiiikhir as well a^ Al-Mundhir ihn 'Amr, 
who were hoih jniong^hi^ leaders. AlMLindhir ihn ^Aior managed lo escape 
while ibcy cnughl Sad, binding his ^lands ynd nctk with lhong> i^f hi? fiitih, 
briniiing liim back tfi Makkuti, hjlhTrnj; him on Ihc wa}\ iind drugging him 
by The hair, as he has thick hair. Sa d jepoElcd, As [ was ni ihcir hands, a 
ernup L»r Ihi: Quray>h jip[?eiircd and aiuuiig khtm vta^ a tall, white, and 
handsomo man of plcuKani jppoorqncc. I told niy.stlf tliil if ihcre were any 
gfKwJ aiTiOoj* ihcm il would come Imm ihi^, in;m. Vol, when he appn.x*chcd 
he gave tne a vniltrl blow un ihi^ lace, after which I lost hnpv' in any goixl. 
While they were dragging nw along, a man w!is moved wiih pi[y on me and 
said. Do ycm noi have any nght Lo proieehon from any ol' the Quray^h?' 
'Yes.' 1 itaid, 1 used lo wjcure Ihe eamnjero: of ilie mL'Ti-hants of Jubayr ibn 
Mui'im ibn 'Adlyy and Al-Morilh ihn Marb ihn L'inayyab ifJn AhJ :Shams, 



t. AnanirorjLlo^.11. 



proictiinE ilwm frani any harm thai ihcy Tuight be cspO'^c! rn in my lund." 
"Good. iJicdK cty oui [heir namcii sht^mg rie* btiween you.' he said, I did so 
sndthat very ma<i went lo Ihcni lelling ihem tha^ 1 was being beaten, ciilling 
Iheir names ftiT prot^tiun iind meniioning iticir lies. When [hey kntw iJn« I 
ftii". ihc pc^^o^. thcjf acknowkdgeJ the iruih yf my claim and cime and 
buveJ me.' So Sa^il v^u^ rt^leu^-" 

Conditions of the Last Pledge of Al- ' Aqabah 

The pledge of fighting toofe place wbcn ihe Proplici (pbuh) rcecivcd 
from Allari pcrmihslon lo Hghl. whiuli wat tuui|Mi&-d of coiidiUuiis tlifu was 
noi found in the fjrsi pledge of AL-' Aqabah. Thus rhcy gave a pledge to fight 
againM nil sorti of people in the way of Allah and His Messenger, and he 
tpbuhl promised Uwwc ^ho wore funhful lo be rewarded wUh Paradise. 
'Ubadah ibnus-Siimii ^aid, 'We gave ii pledge lc» Ihe Prophet (pbuhj ihii we 
would lisicn and rtbey in limesofpicnLy as wcL o^ in &can:ay. under likjiblr 
and disTikaWc circumsuinces, aiid ihar we would not prefer ourselves to the 
mhtt Mii-ilim% and that we would nw disagree with ihose who are in 
iuitborKy^ and di^i v.c would &pc^ the Lruili wherever wc aic, and that wc 
would never fear of the Msifiw of the biamers." 

The Ordinance of Fighting 

Pnor lo die pledge of Al-~ Aqabah, the Pn^plicf Iphiihl uiis not allowed 
to fight nt>r lihcd bl4>nd. He was cnmnianded nitriely lo propap^c ihe 
me^^siiijc nf AITaTi. (o endure linriissmeni. and lo forgive the i^notLint. The 
Quraysh were persecuting the Muslims, .seducing some from their religion, 
*nd exiling others from ifteir lanJ. Some miEraied to Abyssinia, while 
others lo Madinab. At rhis poim, the Qumysh hjid bectimc in.suleni and 
disTc^peeifol towards Allah, belying His praphel, lotturing and cxiUng 
vhojsoevcr WJiri;lupi-vl Him, holieved in l-tis Oneness, in His Prophet. ;int! 
dung to His religion. Allah eommandeEl His Prophet (pbuh) to fighl and to 
prolccl himself ;i|?iiinsi rhofie who wronged and ill-treiilcd ihem. The Hrsi 
verse revealed on tlu!> issue. a& 'Urwah ibnuz-Zuha/r i^nd other seliolar:; 
n^iqned, was: 



tvhfivrsl vho art finhuna than, umiii brt-imsp ih^\ (h*Uc\fr^j hnvr 

Jhoxt sv^m have bcm fXiftUaifrmt theit fmmei unvilh JuMice only hif- 
aiiae iflcy stiid 'Our Uird is Atloh.' ■ fj>r hnd it not been rhiif AtUi 
(Jrt'f'/j m^ in nf {N^oj^ir by mram ofmfnl^r. nwiuisu-ms. ihtrnhfi, 
sytMS*igi'es. unit imsmtes. \t,Utrrrtn Ihii Name nf Aflah H fneniioneJ 
mmh K-iiaM Merely hiiw hteii pti/fcdtlvnn. Vt^rily. AUah hiU hi-tp those 
u./h> hrip Hi^ iCfja.,n T/nly, AUah h AtlSlnynf:. Ali-Shi^hiy JJiosc 
ihiuslm} niit'i.\) <tfio. ifWefi'v^i/irHt/t„Ki'^rmiii,'ti,n^. ^ they} »rdfr for 
hi(\rinit-ai-Stil6t^\ lii iHi\ ifir Zakut and Ihev eajism Al-M,i'rti/'\ i„id 
f/TlJuf Ai'Armil.ti'^' And »tdi AUah resK lliff md oj Uilh nmners {af 



<:reiifumi. * 



lAJ-Hajj: 39-411 
That is lom- 1 have aJlowed ilum lo fighi only twc^iuw they wen- treated 
unwilh jusiiw wiiiie thty offended no Oiic. and thai il tIktv arc given pi-iwer. 
eJic.7 ^\\\ perform pniveis perlccify. pay Z;iJ;5h. enjoin [he ^tx.d, and forbjrf 
Die wmn^. i.e. the Pi^^pbc! fpbuhi :ind hi!> Cr>mpan»ins, may Alljh be 
pleased wiih them all. 

AfltirAards. Allah seni doivii. 

^ Aiidfi^M difm ami there is m> nntre Fiviah f disbelief md potythtUm- 
i.e. v.-orjilHppiii^ others hexiJn Attah} and the reUfiitin hii/rsUip} wilt nit 
bwffarAtlah Atornr im ilit ^xhtrfe ofihe ^viirldj. \ 

(Al-Anfal: _^9j 



a, ItEiLflrnn: MoiuxTiiri^iiiiiiul jlfihaiMLinonltiniuicii'ib 

X ],p dliiifliclH p^i]>ifid\m auJ :ill ihra kljinltb f"TTitilicn||ii,Uicvnii*ff liw Qwr'-iil a* ihif luw 



Muslims Permitted to Emigrate lo Ma^dinah 

Wficn Allah giWQ pcnnissioii lo ti^lu and iKum: Anv^ ol VtaJ'mah bml 
given a pkdgc \o support mid htlp ilic Prophci (pbuh) iiiid ihc Musimis in 
fbc cuusc al' Altuh. ihc Pn}phk:i Ipbtiki ordered hi^ CoinpunJons. ihc 
cmigTams ol his peiipic. and ihc Masiini.^ living wjtli him in Mayiuli.lo 
omigrjlc lo Madln^Ul iWdjoin Chrit bicUijciiH ^hc AnAlr. He iphub) ^iud, "At- 
tiili. GlttriJieJ and Exi/fietl i>t^ Ac, luit muJr for you hr(i\hei^ miii /£siJtin:e with 
whiirh yvm f/rti .\aiire" Mcnctf (hey wcnT oul in groups, whereas rlie F^ipliuL 
(pbuh^ rem-um-'d in Mj»kk:ili wjiUjn]* for hi^ Lnrd's pcri]iLs>Lon io leave 
Mdkk^ for MndiniLh, 

The Emigrants to Madinah 

11k: T\r^l lo crntgr^w lo Madinah of ific Pfophci's (pbuhl Companions 
frtiiiL ihc Qux:iysh from Banu M^hiCni was Abi'i Salainah ibn Abdcl-A&ad. 
Miai va^ n yc.ir before itiL- liorond pledge <ir AK'AqsikilK iilier rciutning 
frum Ah)>^iiilalt»May wiihlln; Messenger in Viak^iih. Uc Vp-i^sill-lrciiicd by 
lliC Quruyih M ihc iime wb^n he knt^w about ihosc of Mudinuh who huti 
embntted tslam, so he hejidcd R>r M:Ktir>Jih. 

Ab Snimnoh wo.^ firsi rolh*\vctl by Amir jbn Riihi'J"! wiTh his wift 
Layl i, Ihe J:ai^hier oi Abi^ Hn-iliniah. Then AhdiitliH> ibn J-Lbsh [fmigrnlcd 
alony wi[h his family iind his brother 'Atnl, who WiLS known hs AbQ Ahnmd. 
AbQ Ahin^d was a blind peer and hi: u>ied lo umr Mukiiah iram lop Eo 
boiuvin wiihijur iinyoni; to lend turn. Tlien Unmr ibnul-KJnmfib cmigrakd 
and Ayy^shibn Abi RubrubaJ-Mukhz^mt^ni^y ^iK;cccdc4Lhcm. 

The Prophet (pbuh) Emigrates to Madinah 

After his Companions hid ttefsirred, ihc Prophet tpbiih) renmined in 
NiakKdh waiuiif i\yi AUali's ciiiuiniiud lo \ci him cm^gnilc. Only Abu Bakr 



m.d All .,f ,h. PropH..', (pbuh) Companions remnincd. while .11 .l.n.nd 

hDwotr, <i;g,nj ik- i>i„phc., ,phuhi lo p.rm,, |„n, I,, emigniie hui he would 

At.u Cakr wisbcd ihni || wouia be ihe Pmphci hiniscir. 

Itb^cl.n« dc«r,cihc Q.ray,h !l>., me Prupte, (pb„hl had propl. .nd 

Ihe Ouniysh wert -.nmsd .b.,m *. =r.igra,i„n of hJs Conipmicns lo join' 
il.em. who hml scUkd ,n a ne^. IwmeJand .ndcr ih. pro...,ion of ,h= Aclsr 
so >hey e=.^d ,hm ,l«. F^pta ,ph.h) would join .hsm. .ml ih.y b.cw Z 
h. «o„ d „ghr .hen,. Th.y gaih.„.d in Dd. ^,.,V«,/..„A. /|„„„ ,Z 
bc].ngcd ,o yu.s..„ ,hp KilSb. whe,. .I,.y used ,o m.k. s.ri^s ded.i.n. 
™n..mm, ,,„,r aff.irs. Tl,=y ga.te,.d ,o d.scL^s ho.v ro <ak. ^ffc.livc .tep» 
3g..ms. Ll,. Pr^phcE ipb.h>, «h.. h.d .onsiiiiiic^d a real rhn.-a. for them. 

^hil^hl't r""1' ■"* "' """"^"^ "' '^ "'^ oiM-7Mmuh (crowd) 
^), S..,.n c.«,e ,0 ,1,=,^ m .he fora. of a h.ndsunie ulJ stakh wariL a 
m..tl. slandmB m ll«. door. Ke in,rodu«d him^aia. a ™ m,ni nL 
cuno.>s c,K,ush to attend d,. m«,mg. li.tM m .he d.h;«., and w,sh .hci, 
succsj.. I., reach . «Hind opimon. He wa.s in v,ic-d lo cnlcr »nd .h.,^ he fc.M 
(tie leaders of the QurajiJi, 

■Hie dehare began with the .wiemenr Ihal Myhamm.d. having „ain.d 
sipponcr. ouisicfc the iribe. nii>,h, ,.,ko ,hc., wah a sudden My^V. ,o ,h^ 

rr,? *?' '? '^'""''"^ ""■ ''"' ^■""^ '" 'I"' """ i^'"- One pr,>p..sed 
tfiar .hey >l,ould pu, l,tm m irons heh,„d hjR i^ aw.,. Je-..,), mcdme ,he 

An-N„b,s ,.h. .nd ot)„=rs. ^ ,h=ikl, cb,«.,cd .„ ,1,,. pro,™..l ctiununi: Ihal 
nevvs^of hU >n.nrLSonn,.n, «.o.ld re.ch (,1s .d^crcn... wl,„ ., ^nc. ^«ould 
nllacl: them and Jrsiv him nm; i|,cn ,heir ™mh«. wt.uiJ con.mue lo 
Jnurwsc puuing an end .» ih. .^v^rcign^y d" the Quniy.h Thcv o„gl,> ,o 
m.nk of a„mh.r pl.n. A,u„h.r f^^on adv,^d =,i|c. ,bu. forge,. ir,/abo... 
In... tN.-ms ou. 01 MgM aM ,l,ey «.m,ld b. rid of hjm. L,kt*ise, ,|,,y o™id 
«s^-. ,l>.-,r M>.i;.l ^f,„^ ,„ iheir pnn.,ou. si.te. Tta shL-ith disapproved of 
<h.. plun too, K= s.,d .1... Lh. Prophc. ,pbul„ cnjoy.d sw«l :^h. logical 



reason, ami hciirt'touctiing nu.'s^age> and ihai if te Ksideil wi[h im\c 

■J&doum iribi: he w^mfd win Midii over w.' liiu* ihcv wouW fijflow him. Tbu" 
be would fntkc iheni lo ullack ihc QuraVHti m tlieir Unti. iCizt pj^vtr from 
them, and firiillv he u-ouy btf phle eo dt> wljai he litfd uiih Ihcm Jhay 
should rethink the i^iaiLcr- 

Al ihh poirti AbO Jjihi Crtiiw up *f^\th a pljin which Ksid noi heaii' 
:^^ligg^t(?d bcroiL' ihii. [4c isiiil ihui ^t kind i>j young. piwerTuI, wHI-h<>m 
men, one from i'yi:h mbo .shouid strike Muhammad simultuncously with 
their sharp swiirdsjind killhiniMUhjiilliertsporisibiliiy ortheHoivl-money 
wchiIeI lit; upiFit :ill ilui dans. Biinit ~Al>d Muq^ would not be ibit to fight 
them all and would ha\t eo accept wbaiever dmount of Nood-monLV 
provided by *!icfn ;ill. I'Uc sheikh al'fifmed. "He in tight, '^h]^ opmion js the 
iijfity one LO Ibllou-" RcacliiEi^ a Jeciaiun. iht: atiijmlLx^s biokir up the 
m^renng wiiU fnll deicnninurion fnr iTnmcdiJtie implcini^nraiiua. 

Tlien JibriJ *4» ^cnl U>lln; I'riiplici (phuh). "D<i mH sleep loidglu in yimr 
ustiLiI hcd." When ii bcc;nTic linrk, they fiathcrcd ai his door in vigil ^^^al^mf 
for the niomcm en which he wnuld go to ¥iccp so thai Ihcy might fall ii|iQn 
him. When tlie Proi^t tpbi;hl observed whai was being cairicd out he hiiid 
to ^AIT,. 

te it H^irn sIrrpiTis I'fd thfy ^'Ht ""^ br abU So th anyihins itntiLibff 
royoa' 

The Pmphifi ipbtih) luiTLscfr used to cover himNirlf in Thai ni:intle In ^lecp. 

Accocdlng to Muhmiuniid ibn K:L^b al-Qnm^T, "WImn iliey uTI stood a( 
the docjr. Ahji iahl ^id, 'Muhain made Jar ms ihui if you fellow Eiiiti.^ou w\l\ 
I* kms<\ over Ihc Arab* and llie non-Aiabs, so when yon arc to he 
rc^'^UETccicd after yoai deaih. Gaidcns. similar to those in Jordan, will be 
made lor you ias a rewdrdi. and in case you do noi follow him yon will be 
slfluEhicred. nnd ancc driih a fire will be made for you !0 be burat 
iherewiib>' 

llie Messenger rf Allah (phuh) came out of the rooni with a handful of 
dusiiayjng: 'idoxayiha^. Y&u are oni^ o/iiirm' Then Allah maiie them not sec 
him. The Pmphcl f phuhl began (O cartX l^c dusi on their huiids whik TCtiling 
Ihe vetses (starting with). 



4 Vu-Sm By tht Qat'xm. jaii ff ^vnJom U.t, juit fij laws. ^/ Jtv/in, tuul 

U> the vciic, 

^Atul We im-^ pit; hfimW h^Jun ,lu;u, ^,,,1 a horrif^r hrJtmJ ,ht>m 

CYMn: 1-9) 

Finishing h^ rct-iiaiion, all men hai du-s! on Their heads Tk.-n he 
managed his way om. 

Somt^one wli«j wa.s not amifnp rtic proup. a.sfccd ihcm whar ih^v ^i.drc 
\v;,iiing fijr (here. Tlicv n^pljcd Ihnt ihcy were waiirng for MuhamniaV Ifw 
man said, "May AlJjh rum yoti down! MLihjnimad came out. put dti,M on ihe 
he^ or eich uf yoii. :ind dicn r^epdcd for his own alfairs. Dc» you nol see 
what ln»s occLinc<i [o ViHit r^vco o^: <Jf 'hL-m pui his hand on his hej^rf and 
k'h ihi^ trusi i>n lL 'Hicn they ItKjkcd in.idc to And 'Wl in his bed fovcrcd 
tt'hh Ihe Pmphcrs (phiihj ni:imJfi, Thc>y wiid, 'Bj Allah, ii is Muhmnnuid 
WTiippect Willi hismanile/fk^ncelhcy stayed in ihcirpht-e. In themoming. 
■All wnk-c up fr^ni ihe bed, Otily iben lhe> rct:OBnu^d ihjt dv; mun spake 
theiruTh-" 

fhn F^li^q said, -Abfi Bakr wa^ a wcallhy miin of meal.-.- When he iWted 
ihc Prophetic pci:iDitoiiin for him to cmigraic, he (phufi) answered, 'U,> nm iv 
haisn': nuiyhc Alfah nHt ermi vtur n rinnfrnwrn: AbQ Bakr wished that Ihe 
Piophti ^p^lJlli meant hunseil. lie goi iwo lamely anJ lii.'d (hem jp m his 
hi«i,sc feeding ihtni wiih foiidtr making (hem ready for Iravel. ' 

^A'ishah (may AUoh be pleased \^ith tier) said. The Messenger of MUh 
fphuht iisudlly vi>jii:d A^ii Bakrs hous*: every (fay cilljer in ihe early 
mornmg or evening. However, ,m the day \*hcn tie got pemiiwion fof 
cnngration from MattiJu be ^isii^d us m n-xm. 4 limc at ^vhith Ik- ^^uj. noi 
used :o eomc. When he vjw him. Ahfl B:ikr knc^v thai 'iomtfihins had 
happc-ued. Abfl i^aki gave liiin his seal. Orly I jmd my sisier Asmi' were 
hoFHt:. The Piophet (pbnh) iM him to let go whE>cvcr w^ in the house, 
Thtse are my two dau^hrm iiiid iliey wilJ do nnthmg. I ransom you wKh 
my faiTter ^nd my moTher; ?^aiil AhO B^iki VWA.A liasfwnmmlme ro'le^-^ nfui 



ww/ifm»',' Iw (pbuh) said. May I accompany you, Messenger of Allah?" 
iiiikeJ Abii Bakr. YesS he (p^uhi replied- By Allahn prior (tj ihar day I had 
ficvcr wen anyone tvceping lof jo>' a> iJiti ADO Uukf iiii:rL Jic snici, o 
Pri>p^ici lit Alkih, ihesc ;ue ifie two caim^li iluii 1 have prepiirctl for [his 
rmK-.innl/ They hiretl 'AbdiilLah ihn Aix^ai. a polythtt&i. lo shoft ihfcin llw 

way, a.^; tiley jiatc him fficir iwo canwln u> fc*: J unn/ ilic iivsi^ntd dan^r 

AttorJinj; in Ibti bl]ii;j- m> one knew [he csjiriUnic ai wiiictiilw Hrtiphei 
IpbuhJemigraiedtfuccpt AIS. Abu Biikr, and hi^ family. The ProphcMpbuh J 
Mid 'AlSahoLi hi*; emigraiion commanding hfm loMiiv bohind m Maktah lo 
restore dcpi>siis which w\ea had onirusied wiQ» Llie Pmphci ipbuhl «mce in 
Matkiih whyever hud someiUing he feurcd nbo^ji lu\ing if had deposited ii 
wiihTfw pn^phei ipbuhj, for he wiis known ffir hi?, rnisiwonhincs^. 

When ihe Prophei ipbuh) look rhc decision ro dcpan. he wem to Ahfl 
Bakr unti ihc iwo of iJiem icfi by i smiilJ guie ai ihc reur of ihc house 
heading for a cave on a moifniain below Makkah Lulled TTiJwr. AbG Bakr 
ordered his ?ion Abdullflh [o icml an iMf lo the peoples sayings so as lo 
report [hi:ni b> i;ighl vtah ihc daj'^ news. He diso cuminajided his mawiil. 
'Amir ibn Fuhayrah, to graac bis flock by day ^inii ro bung ihem m by Oh; 
cti^nin^ in Jhe cave. Asm^', hi'* daughier uied lo go lo ihcm ai night with 
food.'^' 

They spenr ihree day^i in The cave I'nahle lo reach Ihc Pmphei ipbuhl, 
[hL- Oiiraysh offeied a hundri'd she-caracK as reward for whoever would 
sei/c him. Thiou^houi [he day 'Abdallflh liyEened U> ihcir eonipiracie^ md 
.\iiyings coieeming Ihe Me^^n^eTofAll^dUpbuhl and would repoii lo ihem 
m mghl, "Amir uwd 10 gntte his flock with iht shq»herrls of Makkah imul 
niEhi fell and. would Ihen go lo the cave ivhere iliey drank Iheir milk and 
5lcw some. In ihc rtioniiDE, when "AbdullfUi left ihCTii lo reTum To Matkah. 
*Aniir would Id Ihc shctp walk over ibc sanic palb U> w\cr ti\s Iraees, Afler 
thre^ days passed, fthon mens iniere*;! w^iied, i\k nian whom ihey had 
hired eunie with ihcir ennietv and his. They ituk uiib ihem The food 
provisions [hat Asm^'n ilie dimghter of AhO Bali;, had t>roLight and lied in a 



t. Iba Hi^Uam uld JctiiiiUnif to Al-Utwn jlRiiiri. ihm ^hm ihc l^njiha ^p(hiii| JUiil AT-ii Bafct 
«4K.'l*d IhF .^avc d ni^, ihr. UHIcw odLiul u HiH lu fill J iHii wtif ibi^ th crmrciilaJ imv *rtlfl x|. 



bundle .1 her w;.iMband, after tearing il mw iwo pirt.. hence sTit wai 

Bringmg twocaitieh AH Bakr gavr ik^ froplicUpbiih', (he beik^nme [o 
^dc. bui he r^fu^cd ^o do so. st..e iht c^d v.us not h^s. AH B.kr 
dedicated IT to fiiii, bm he (Insiiied lo> puj ir.s price and hough i[ Jrnai him 
aBflin^i the ,.E.nic price [hiii At>u B^tfcr had paid for il, 1 hey ndc off. and Ahi1 
BiikrNvik AinirwirhhimloiiervcfhejTiinificir way 

A.sma' said, 'AVJ,cn Ihc Mi^scn^cf Oi AHuh tpbuh) and AM B^ hud 
di^p^ned, AhCx JaJil with a ^rujp of [he Qiiray,sfi siood ai oiir tloar. WljLn F 
imi Ui^iii Hwy asfc^d "Where is your Inrhcr. O daugTiUrr of AbQ Bakr?" Wlwn 
r said Ihm f did nol know, AbO Jahl. who w^ls u riugh ^^ickcd man. slapped 
my fncc so M;v.;relv thai mv camiiK Ivakc Then thcv ieft. VVs ^]N.'nl -liree 
nighis ^vuhoiii news abou: Hie PruphU ipbuh) uniil . man of i^.: J,nn conje 
from s<^ti[hcm Ahi^kah chaniing some vcrtcs of Ariib pc^niv Yei people 
wcri: fallowing him to iiMen lo bus vukc ■^k^oui living bim, until he 
appeared from the noixl^tn pm uf Makiiiili stng.ne (yha racans): 

'May AlUb, ilie Lord nf men. give Ific bcM of his rcuiirds lo the two 
Gon,panion!. *hu R-sted in the iwa jenis ot Umm Ma bid'-\ Thty came with 
good mi^ai ^d wenr off ai nighiTdl. M.y Muhammad's companion 
prosper! May the pUcpof Sonij Ka'b'5. «'oman ivm^; ihcin iutk, for she Uiis 
a look-oui for the believers," 

Whfn x^e l]e:,rd his words wc knew ihal il;c Piuplicj mbuhj was dircclffd 
to Madinah." 

Suraqtih iho Miilifc jbu Ju'i^hmn sind, "When the PJO|>hEl (pDidi) 
cmignilcd from MuUtyh lo M^dinah, ihc Quray^ii offered a rcwm-d of a 
hundred ejinct* fo myotic who uouJd .«:i/c bim. WhHe I vvi<i fining in my 
iwuplc's iissejnbJy one of our men approached and slopped by us saying. 'By 

-T IT" '""l '^ "^ "^ '™'*'' "■ '^ "'^^ ^ "* '™^'' ^'* "i*^ '^^'- rl^°i> of mflk 



Allflh, I tiave jusi wtn three riiJER paisin^ by. I beln;ve ihey were 
Muhaiumpcl and his Companions' I *mte(3 10 him lo keep silcni and said^ 
'Hiey iin^ tlli: ^o-anti-so [lecplc sciinrhing for rheii losi camel; Mdytw; He 
j;aiU and siayed iilcm. J spcni a shwi while with ilicin; afiirrwaids I wcni 

hijiiw;. prtpaicl niy horjic whjth w^^ tuthtted in flic ho[loni i>f the vjJfey, 
ijnJ tiiok my weaporiii rroni Jhc hack of ific ro<ni>, Hai'mg pui i"n my suit of 
armor, I nent aia wiih my adam w lusi ihem. When I did, I got Iht* rtf*;EiU 
wliicb i h-Ated: ilii: arrfjw xviih, 'Ht will noi be hun'. I ^vi&hecl lo taTch anJ 
leium him lo ihe Quiaysli so thai I mighi bt rewai^cd v,-]\h ihe hunditd 

CJItltflS- 

1 rode lo vha^c him, While my horw w^s ninring swifriy. he stiimhicd 
ptfd ( fi?]! iti Thtf gr^^ntl. i roHjncd lo Ihc (V::fi7wr again hoi came iho samt: 
resuU which I haicd, 'He will noi be liun . However. 1 insisted oti coniinuing 
in my pursuit. Ihe same h4ppc;ned ai^ain; my horse siumhlctl^ and 1 fell lo 
Ihi: ground- J [fiud ihc annw^ and Qk: arrow whiL^h 1 h-iieil i^tKoe out once 
more. T jumped onro the saddle and fitUloped at break -neck speed till I i:iimc 
quite do-ie loihe Pmpbei tpbiib}. SlimihlinE Hgain, the foreleg* of my hon-c 
dolved into the gn^und iin^ fell down. As ils legs were eeliing oar of the 
groutid. a smoke :iio>e like a Mardsiomi Ai ihis trituncnl \ lealized that he 
was pfoiecivd and wouid be victorious. I upproaehed them infiodueing 
myself, and asked itioni to itaii fur tne. as I 'Aould nul humi Ihem The 
Mi;s>^ngeT iphuhj told Abii Bakr lo ask me whnl I ^Aflntcd fmm ihctn and I 
fl!t&wercd, ^Writc ii iltK^uincat ^ a lokcii l>eiwci:n you ^MuhuiMmild) Ufld 111)1.' 
The Propliei tpbuhj ordered Aby Uukr lo do no, 

He wrote It bn a tkinc, or parcftment oi" a potsherd anJ tiurled \\ to rnCi 
bepE il in my quiver and roiumcd. Nti um: kjicw ithirui iht^ vkhole ftfTair until 
tt'hun tfie Prophet tphuhl entered Maldcab, and alter rhe bMirl« of A^JS'if 
[ind Jiunuyn. 1 met liiin in At-Jrramdi and die do[:umeTii ^■a\ wiih me. ( 
went (hrcrngh a baiialioa of tlse An^ cavaliy who begun lo Cdsl me wiih 
their siX^TS saying. 'Go back- what da you want V However, I fteni close lo 
ttie-Prophet jpbuhl who was nding hLs cjinfl, us his ihank in hi^ stirrup far 
me was like ihe inink of a paini-rree I tiiised my haiid wiih Qic di>t:umefil. 
fL-niinding liirii abouL it and locndoned my name. He ftiud, 'ir it a liay ofrc- 
payiteiM ai\d t-hwilaolfufsn. Lei kim n/me tlifsr. I approached him and 
cnibrated Islam Then I remembered a question for him to ask. I said. 'O 



<S)- 



Mes^cngor of Aliah. loM caoisK u>ed to drink from mv cmm which 1 
maCc Un ™y ,,wn canicls. Shall J he rewarded for leiTrng ihcin drinfc-" y« " 
he said, >, rAv.-r,,^ r. Ji-M /,,< <;rry ihuMy Uvu^^ ^,fl^, ^fr^ « « mvc^rJ ' Tlien 
T re^umcJ Ic. my people ^d hfc^sht my ciwiiy .o Uio PropJ^.* fpbghj,' 

ibn r^iaq ,said rTiit Ihc mufc of mdr jonrm^y iya> a.'^ foibws wirh the 
euidsnc* or 'Abduna^T ibn ^,|jt- Planing uom bciow Makkah; along Ihe 
shoR' ui^td crn.:iinE ihe lo^^J bcla« 'Li.sfan; ihcn bcJoH Amuj; after passiriE 
Oud^yd by uay of AI^KburrSr ihen I-iqf. TT,cn thcv p^scd Madlajji Latjf 
Jfiwn 10 Mfldliijiit Mahaj. th^n M-.rji^ Mahaj, do^n .^ Marjijj fronl 
DhuhGhifiiav^ayn. ihen rhc valJey of Dh^ K^shr tht-n Al-Judfljid ,hen 
Al-Ajrad. Then ihe'v wcnl ihrough Hhu Sulam frani fhc vullry of A dfl; 
Madlajai ri ilm. Tlien fhi^y pssed by A^^AI>3b^d. Uicn Al-Fatjah. 

Ibn Hisham said, ■ AI[.T thai Uioy went down to AJ-'Arj. As one ofthelf 
mijums ham£ dropped behind, a man of ihc Aslmn, Aw% ibn Haiar-f' took 
ihi- Pruphe^ ^|>buh»«oMadiniih i-n acamclof !iisi:all«l [bnur-Rj<U' .eroding 
with him a .^rv4im iiceiuM Mas^Od ihn Hun^ytfah. From Al-'Arj rlluir guide 
r<Ht*.' ibcm to Thaniyyfltuj/ Air rigbi of Riikilhiih Jmvn lo ^C vailcv -jf Kim 
and^rmm Ihcrc^ lo QiiHS^ lo BunG 'Amr ibn Awf on Monday 12 
Ratiful-Awwal m high IijrontHKL 

At Qubi' 

'Abdur^Rahman ibn 'Cw^^yniir ihn S^'idah said, "Mct. of my |«^,.pl,^ 
who v^ere Companum^ (.f tbt: ft^iphci'^ ipbijh) s^iid ro mc, -Whirn wv Knew 
about iho Prophc) s depamize (torn MaUah, we wcfc eagerly awaiting his 
.mrivai. Aficr ilic Fiijr prayet^. we u>ed to wall for him cmjiidi; our land. By 
Allah, ws did noi kiivc ihc pidti; uni^l no more ^b:tdc w,^ left s5 wc ysed To 
return to mir UnH: ihat was ia ihc hot jica=ion On <iic day of ihc Pmpbefs 
yn-ivd. wc Sfll as usuaJ until fhert^ wns no n^w ^ade and then wc cnrcn:d 
ont houses. Alier^Viirds. ihe J^opbei Cphuh) arrived. A }^^v ^va. iha iVm 
pcrion to s« him. He kPL-w ,^bo^lt our JtibJi of waiiing far tbt- Pmphei 
tpbuhj [o amvc. He ydled om ai iht Top of his voice 'O Banil Qaybjh your 



I Tills Awi Wok J CiiiHjijni.in jirU lb; «at n^il Aw*. li« ^-tilanic ;boI 



luck hji!i c^omcl' Wc wem out in inc Frophei ipbuhj v,\\o was m iht- shiidtiw 
of a p^jlrji'troc wirh Abfl Bakr who wijs tif ihc .vuiit Jgc Till then mosi of u& 
haJ never 5«ti the Prophtl (pbuK). Cf^^d'. surround«<3 hiin wiiboul 
knowing him from AK6 B:it;r Wc J^nt^w him only wlien Ihe shinit* 
disappeaTi^il and Abu B^^ g^c up ^d sbiclde^ hiiJi wifh Itiii jLmnCk from die 

KUtI hC4l." 

Ihn IshSq <ftiJ. "the Pniphci fpbuhl. sfayed wjlh Kiihtifim ifen Hidm. 
\yhile mhers cliiim Uiai he siasotl wiih Sa'd ihn Khayrhamah. Those of the 
first view iiiid thiti he uhed )o leave KulUiOm to mcc( with the nKn in Sard's 
house, who was a bachelor, lodging |T]<; Prophets (pbuh) Companions of the 
emigrdiLi?^ who were also biichelors, Abu Bakr residL-d wilh Hubuyb ibn Isdf. 
Oni; said QiUL hi: sUycd wiih Kkikijah ihn Ziiyd 

"M^ ihn Abl X<Urh iitjyfd in Mi^tah for three days and nighK unirl he 
relumed ihe depo-^ris which ihc h^ophci (pliyhl li^iJ l^ecn cnttuMcd wUh. 
Then, hi; joined tlic IVophcl (pbuh) and lived wiih him ai Kiikhiini's house. 
The Prophet (pbnh) remained m QnM' among Banu Amr ibn "Awf from 
Monday lo Thursday -i;^ Jie established the faundaTion of hi?* nitvique. 

In Madmah 

The Pn^phct (phuhl TefiQohS' on Friday, 3*; hf f^ffered the Friday prayer 
amt^g BanQ Salim ibn Awf in itie ma^ue a[ the bodom of the v;diey of 
R.lnimft. Il v^a^ ihe first Friday prayer ihm he perfomied in M^din^ih. 

*Irhan Jbn Mfilik jrd 'Abbas Ibn Uhiidah ibn Niidlab with some of Biinu 
Salim ibn 'A-vf lamc lo Ihc Prophei jpbuh? jnd .said, "O Messenger of 
'AUab. iibiik by us." He replied, "Lci ittrhr sh<r'Cfiiiit'l}sieppr\Aardfrreiy.forii 
is ctHnipimilrd i/'v Athhi." Tliey did ,svi. iind when i( reuehed [he home of 
Baml BiiyJiiJ^. he wai rcucivcd by Ziyad ibn Lub.^yd end Tai^sah ibn \Anlf 
vith oEhef5 of [heir irihcpimen. They invited hiru bui hi^L aiis\K:r ti'fli rhe 
same a!> before. The eainel continued wiih [is slackened lein ro BanH 
5a''idah where Sa'd ibn ^IJI^Udiib and AI-Mundhir ibn ^Anv lold hirn ihe 
siime ihing iind he giive [Ijeai the ^arjie reply. The whole lh\n^ Wfts icpcated 
by Sa'd ihnur-Rabr. Kharij^h ibn Z^yd. and ^Abdullah ibn Raw'ilJiah wirh 
somf men of Banu Al-Uanih ibnul- Khazraj. This was also repealed wuh 



-SuIIl ihr Ouys. Ahii Siilii Usiiynh ihn Ahi Knarjjah wi(l> muk „^n >,f Biinu 

AiJiyy ihnun-Naijar. ivh« were (fv- Prnf^w^t'.', fta«,i maicmal relalivr. aw 

Ihe mtllher of ■Abdul-AluU^lih, S.im., the d™sh.=r of -Anir. wa. o™;' gf 

_Ai ia^r \hf 5h*?-camcl slopped ai (he houstf oF Banfl Wlii ibrtun-NaJjSr 
as Lt kndt at Ihe shc of hi*i fu^ur? mo.que, ^vhidi wos tlsn u^icU iii a 
diymg-piiMLt fur dares. The la.d was oumed bv r^vt> oq-hins of TJunG 
Al-Njjjiir of BanO Jvlaljfc clan, vho were under rhe guardianship of Mu adh 
ibn Afti\ SabI and Suhayi. [be son.^ of " Amr. ?{c did ^oi d.smoum uniil is 
iirtjse n^t^, wcnr forward, turned hack aid il^en r^tutne^ [o Joicd d^>^^.n m 
lis lomicr j,po[ U .sh^tjk mid sErckbcd iLself on iht^ grouiid. Th<^ Prophel 
(pbuhi alighi^d pnd AbG Av>Oh KhaUd ibn Znvd ci*mcd his luggij^e inio his 
own hfius*. iiFHl ^h^ Propli^, ^pb.h> staged wif, birr,. H. (pbuh. a^kcd Ahoul 
the owners of the dri^jng-place of dau-:., "Ji is owned by Sahl ard Suhuvl 
rhc sons of Amr," said MliAdh ibn Afra'." "and rlicy nrt orphm-; in i^ 
car«_ ] cm pay ihem for ii, so you t;Ln build a mosgue on it.' 

Tilc PiQphet (pbuhf oidcicd Ihyl a niosque ^hnulJ be buih. and he lived 
with Abu AjyQh until his m(>iqiie aRd rcsidt'flcv ^^■er^ flnish^-d. Th,. Piviphei 
( phuhi \^.irM ^ith the Muslims m ihc consiructicn ic. urge ihciu U> wort 

The Muhijimn jnd me Anjar toiled hiiid While building, Ihcv recited 
verses 711 [he meter; ihey nvean. 

Theref^ no life'buuhai of the next world. 

O ANah, haw meruy on the Ansijr ard thi; MuhajirCui, 

Tlip Prapbcr Lpbuh) also said, 

Tl«re h no life but [hdt nJ" the aexi worFd. O Ajlah. have nicrty on ihe 
Muhj^iinlln and ihc Ap^ar. 

Tttc Proplici <phuh? -^uiyed with Abfl AvyDh uniil hJN mosque ^d 
residency won- compk^cdi Hkth Ik wc.]t i*. his new home. AbQ Avyflb 
liDpOflcd, "When the Prophei ipbuh) .arnc to reside wiih me in niv dwcUing, 
he iMTCdpied tfie ground n<wr. while 1 and rnmi Awib (Abil Ayyflh's wife) 
were above. I suid ro him. O Propl^-J of Allah, I ransom yon with my faiher 
and muihcr. and f hale lo reside abave.^oij. So come up and !ci us cxcban« 
places. ' He aa^wercd. 



'O Ahii AyyuiK ii is mvr< fawrvbk for me und my yisiwrs f/w/ we /it 
dtjvttiijairf-' 

ffcncc we stajvcl wtiere wc were. A jar of ours, which svas Tilled with 
wafer, was broken one day. Unitn Ayyflh Jind I trapped ap ilw wilier with 
t>Lir duly giiFMitni fvt use, as wc fedjcd [hdi wuici wuuld Umji un iht Piophui 
iphulinliu^ jMiiwjini; him. 

We used ro prepare and sentl hi^ dinnt^ lo hTm. When he rtiumeU ihe 
Jcfmvcr, Umrii AyjOh and I ii-yvd u» irdL-c [he platt- where lu> hiind li:iil 
n.^acbc<J IR eat from il hfrpinc lo gain a He^sing. O^n ni^hl wc mhI luni 
onidns ar garlk. huT iIk' Prnphet ^phuh) TciiimErd ii wiiluiui uny Jtidct^Liiinn of 
his hand in iL 1 rushed ti> him ri^IliiiE hmi of our KyhiL and wonderm^ wby 
IhHi lime ihc trices of his hu»d ^erc not setn He sau( OmT ii was hcciiuse of 
Ihc smell of ihe vegeiahliis. as he ^linuld ivpcak lo pctiple, and he said dial 
wt mighi ea[ ihem. We did, bui [ic\cr wnl him Chose vcgeiibies agaia. " 

Ibn I^hSq said ihjii ihc Muhaiioin joined itie Pitiphci f pkihl cue afler (he 
olhcr. None remained in Miikkali excepi ihosc who had been i^apUvated or 
impnsoncd. hmirc hoitsehnltls wiih Iheir poftst^Mons ilal nm eome logeihcr 
cxctpl; Biinii Maz Qii from Banu Jumiil]; Banfl JdJjhlJ ibn Riflh. Ujc ylJies cif 
BanO I'mayy.ih; and Bani'i Sukuyr from BanG Sn'd ibn Liiyih, ihe dlics of 
BanO ' Adiyy ihn Ka'ii. Bcfiii»**eivremi^aiii)n, ibt^ir ho(iij?*h in Miikkah were 
sliui Up iind resided by no one. 



C^ — 



'-■ 



speeches and Pacts in Madinah 

Tht Pf<iphi^r\ ipbiihl rno^ue and TcsiJtnty in Madinah look from Jbe 
munih of RabVul-Awwal lo [he ratnithofSiinir nf ihe foliowmg year \o be 
buiJt. Almost all Lhi: An^^r crnhniccd h\am v^ih Ihf cxccpUtin lo KhrilmiUi. 
Waqif, Wq'il, qnd Uniiiyyiih who were fruin ibc Awsullflh. a tliin oJ Uk 

The Jiiii spceiili whicK ilu: Prophcr delivered, as reported on ihe 
uuihorJLy of Abi3 Solftmah ibn ' AbiEct-Rajittiiin, w^^ a^ folinw,'*, tic EpbuhJ 
ihanttfti jind prauiMl AlUh whh iUilahle wimji and said, 

'!Vinv then. O frnFi^fi: lithuFiii isaod nvrrkxi Jvt yvaradvrs. Yua kni/n; 
try Ali*ih, tui^ <^ yiit may he stnckrn latvmg hit finch n-ilh(ftii ii iiie/i- 
hi'f/i Tiiffi Allah will n^k tiiin. willi no 'mtfqjrei*rr up funtiin tUin niuy 
vriV him fnms Him, 'Did M\' Mi^iiffiger nor aimc to \-tm rmJ tnftjrpj vou 
iMy MesAaae}. and did t nut hi-inin on ytJu ptopi'iry umf j^mrri ' S/r 
uliiit hair v*n advaiwfd Jor ytiunclj?' Thrn ht' ivil! turn righ' and ttfi 
aad ife i\'H*iing. rhen be n'lU took idimd anil sfi^ tutthuig bin t/tll. 
\Vlj/icvt!r (tin prvtecr his face frtm lla Heil-f-'ire eivn '^ilh haffa date, 
h-i him da ai*; iv/ioftcf dnrx t\ol Jind (thi^, or ciiiylhiitf- m atli then thi 
him do III with a Rnod wont^ Jor M'r//i \i Ithe noai ^vrrdt a ^ootl deed ij 
nnarde^ xenfnid up m rhf di^vhii' qf \i-\'ni hundred fnU. Peace aiut Al- 
loh^x rnrH'V iUtd hU':'.\iii?s ht: iipfH wu.' 

In-unGThiir evcni rhe Pniphi^l (pbuh^ddivered a speech si>Tng. 

"Pfciiirr hr tu Aiftih H7fa//J / pranc Had I beitedi. ne arH rejiige widi 
Aituh fr^"!! riif €Viia fd'VUn-elVfrtiad fro/n oar wit dtii-di. lie whom At- 
fa/i Ruitlr.'! nan^ ran miilfitid: ^iid hr ii'/ioin He m:\leiuU mute ran fmide. 
/ jyiiirfsij thiif there ii no j^oil hu( AtJnh 4tUmii. with nn pnrjner. Thi hest 
spet'th u {Una af) the Book ofAUoh. GhiiftirJ and Euitjuul hif Hr. Ht is 
Sticcessfi'l itie Hftt wtiom Alloh fun made his ndommenl in fti.T hra'1 and 
nuide him e.mhnir< hlam itfti^ disbelief. fHr ii rhf ^rte) who has k- 
fi-fU:d It afnive tdt liu/niin yp^fh^ as ir is tiv liesr and ino\t elrmuenl 
speeifh ijne tvhat Allah hvei. tjitxe AUali with idf your fieariSr f^eier be 



h^rej wilh rh^ Words flt\tl Rfmifihf,t,ire ofAthk Nvi^r iri ™»r Wr^. 
a^d ../..vi; fit /f«x „„,„../ the hr.U of y.od'^\ u,tJ rfr«A «f,v^ mnrdi 

whwh p^pk m^ fvovlJ^i m..i, .s'or^h,, AUah ^nil do ^t „i;ionmf 
iinyrhmp uirh Him. ^^ canj^im,^ ^fN>„, <,^ j/^ ^^,^,,i,t tr ^tm^itHts of: 
be true t«^vardi AUoh v^hh wh.tl your uwi^ihx M,y: ,,nr1 h,^t>«t .mt^ih'r 
wljh ihr spirii ofAUiih aimmg yoa. Vcfih: Attah h,c,mt^i an^rv »-I,^ 
His co\fj\ant in hr^utM, Pe^u,- 1^ t^,^^^ ^viw." 

The Prophet (pLiih) wroie a docunicni toiicemina the Mul,:ljiriln nnd thi: 
An>,ar i:i which h^ m.dc an iigrci^niem wjili the Jew. and ki ifn^m .k-al 
frccjy wiih tcgard [« ihdr religion and Ihcir u'cuKh. and si.itcd the ^n^ituaJ 
ob![£«a<>ns. TlK tonicnij; of [he documcni were as ia]]s>v^i: 

i^i^r'i theh<!lcyv,!^ a„dMusftm^ af tUt Quii}\-.^h tmd Yoihrih. apif l},t^^f 
s^'im iKivr fodf'^'.d md .ir.vcn n-.th r/r.w.. 77icrv ,irt vnt naiUm yvHh iht 
fXdii^Um iff other f„opiv The MulL}jir,hi o/ lUe 0«mv.*Ji, accor^i^^ in 
Ihrir turrfnt mt^ iw,th ^hich the. had /t^/( »hrr, hitxm cam^h shall 
poy she hto<xi mo'tn; ^-iihtit fher>isdvc.i and ihall mmmn Shtar prisoners 
on rt-munahtr <y*i,/fi wut ^vUti JM/ice imfii,,; frriff-vm. Ha^tii Axx-f. ar^ 
cording W ihrir curn^m srafn. ^halt pay Ihr hhnxl mani-v J/iify ustJ li> 
pt^ or first tpre-isfami. and f-vrO" iffl^^ yhtdl ru^s^m th^ir 'pn.s^nvr. 
m n-ii,imabk isiahf imt mth jasdcc ammii belicx'fn Ham} S^i ithd> 
accor.ii,iS to ihclr tvriT-rPfj w^vff. ^fu^tl /wv !h^ hhod moaev thrx umhI to 
rmy lisftr^. an<t n-rry ,sct:Hofi umon^ them ^udl r,m.um\ \h<'ir prisontrs 
on ri'monrhUt:(^<dciand ^^iik j^'^ikv U'Uvny; /vHevefs. SjnuAlHantli 
moirdtnv lu liieh t„rreKi ^-ifr, ih^d ;^ y/,^ A/fW ™^„fv Ihtr. paid at 
/int, and ^■^'m■ j;^cJian siutfl rwiso>ii du-ir prismerx aa r&t^atmhii- 
U-oiti iM,d wid\ juMtc^ am^wg heiietfrs. Bapa Ju.diam. acL-^rdmg m 
dirtf currem ^ait. st„,/t pay jhe bU^tnl mmey th^y m^d io pay at ftm 
iifiii ^,-ry ,',ecritm u^u^m^ Hitm x/iall nmsafu ihfir prisi^icTs m tea- 
SonahU fuide} and with ju-fiiKu wnc^.a hi-iifi-trj. Hwa'i An-NnJJJir. ac- 
Mrdini: /f> t/Kir attmu itart. jfi,di pay the hk»„l manrv ih<n u^^'d r^ 



Ir w- llic RcmcmtifjrkT *i! Alluh luij thf in:iriiinm (i| \}\c Qui'm- 



/wni tir first, iinii cwrv s^flion uminxiz ihetii .'ihuti rtiv-wm ihcir pri^neri^ 
/in rcfiVJUtaNr i^f/ilc} and wiih jiaitic ^inioii^ h^fu'rfi-i itanri A'nr ifw 

'A*vf, tttivrJiii^ tij tiicif titrrcnl ttofir. ahuU pay the hiiu?<! nttirift they 
tiKivl m jmv tit JJr.<t. titiii r^'^ry trcliim jfr/i// r^inaoiti their fri.innfn on 
TfusirmiNf fsuiiri imii wuh juiUCf timone hi'lifwr.i. Bimu An-Nahlr. ac- 
nrrtim}' u- thcit current \iiiif. ^lial! j>iiy ;/ii- htixn£ vumey they lued tv 
pay at first. atnJ rvery ftvtnmr ifuil! riimtJin their pmnnrrs on rea- 
samibh rnufrJ umiM'ithjtatic^ untong Mieivm Ami. Hani' AiA^x. uc- 
cirJiiiji tn iheii cixrieni .\mie, yhtill piiy she hlixx! 'iiiwe\ i/icj iiaeJ w 
pav i\\ fif\t, and irvpry'srcfiim timitna them ^-hult ranffm ilieir piis'trterj 
OH teasffjiabfif (sr^te) loid ailhjiLmceantimg h^hevfrs. 

Verity. hrl/^\.vrji t/jrilt nnl Je^i-e any Ai'.Ktitutf p&^nn ii/ntms ihem iihh- 
oai ittiyuig Afj mtattm money vr hiood money tm rein^nahle isctilBl 

A hfUfWf shull nift rtiukp a pteifge with thf aHy of or\oiU^r.h*^cver 
anaiifsr him (rlif taUfrh Whoe^vr u rebehuna or whoeytrr Jieeks to 
if'rethl mjiistii'ff. or sin or afjgrexaioa. or 4-nrnipritjn hetw^en hcliners, 
lliv titiuii iifeiers- hefitver w./«i u conscioin irf AUah ihoU bf o^^aiMsl 
him. r\irf\ ij /pr fv tiin cftitd. 

A Mi>i'tf xluillrifti kiH taiofhei bditver for the >«&■ i>f u dhhelievcr. 
nor ihntl he luppan a di^tK!iner ax/iui.itu hdiever. 

The prniet'tioti vfAiliih is imtUttid is eqntitiy^ e.iunded Ut ihe liuinhlest 
of the hefirvrm. Urlim-ers urf pfi,ifinor\ iand Jrirnth) oj oar tinoihfr, 
cjvfadiiifi tHher feitfle. 

Whomever of Ihr Jt^'sfotf own Hi ififitf tiave Mp and condolence. TJiese 
JihiiU not bf t'/'pffMgd. twf ilmti {mynte hv uided u^HinM itiem. ffie 
peaci' of titf IteltcvfrA u *wf jJ *•, iintfvnibt^l /Vo tscptimtel pmce shaft 
ht ttuute iviifi u teiieiYr Hvh the rit/usi/in offiiunhrr hetievfr iihen the.- 
iievtm me) ftghiin^ tn the >v«y y/ AUah. aaejn on afuiratdc and fair 
conditiims. tn every expL-difrott. riders mint br onr behind the o\tier. Be- 
Hiirn nifiM retiditiT<' the tiUnNi of one anndter in the nay of Allah. The 
hniieifrv wha arif coiisciom ofAtttiit eitJDy ihe inut tiaJ theniOi,j upright 
Rmdimcf. 

h/ir pEtytlu^isI Jftiatf prtJmct My propi-rfy or pendn hrtontl^ing totbr Qu- 
mvih. nor sliatt hf pr^ent a hdiever Jfimh giftiing r/rem. 



*/«ww is arcu.%aJ ..J kitting, a believer y^-islmi^ o le^tit tftu^f s/m// tv 

tr yh.7l! r.,i h^ iu^j:,! fn .. M,^y^-r svh» hM-^hy ^ft^u /j in ihli dotwnmf 
etui hchnes in Altaf, ami th^ iMit Day to »ipp,>rt ft crimi^„il „r,r giv^ 
him n-fi,fi^. 77mr who ^iq^p^m him 0r mv Urn r^j^ .^k,di havf rhr 
curM: and -i^.p^ . vjAlkh m the ft;v afRtsurr^nm am! m fypem^mn- 
or f^/v^,wJ/,M ,luilt ht nn^'pfed frtm, tkenu Whi't^tytr x>m differ 
aboui a man^r it nmi /«.- rr/trrtd m AlluH md io [HiS hfe^cnser) A/u- 
hamtuuii 'pfiuhj. 

Thr ^r» J yfi^ff jA«,r /^ ,/„ r.jprFiae.i Wf 'Mir} p,* /^/r^ ar thrv W fighr 
m U^si<h ih^ hf'tHrv^r.Tl Thr J^s of BiifiH A,y/ ^rc *me' C0>,mnmitv 

fXccpt for ^/w,f r whit do mmtia and miqidt.-. ri,„.r hunins onh dt^rii- 
friiVi ^rf their fumdif^. Iivrrythm^ ,f^, hus b.-i-n Ordaij^cd for ihe J^s 

''f^^'"-' ^^f'ippli^WfhfM.^ofB<,nuAtM^Jdr.d^Jr^'^ 
Ai'ffanUi ,1,, Mv^ of Ma^tu Sdid^d,. tin- JewxofBum Mh^m, thr i^w 
^ Bu^a rt/vlH'^. and lifr Mts oj hufm Thti I^Mk ^jurf^ f„r dm.^ ,vho 
^ i-V^^k,^ u,id ijdquity, t/tu.^ hurtinn i^nly dwmsvlves «;■ J rhcir families. 
Ai^. ih^ lofiuih. a cin„ of the fBa,.^) Tha-tuifoh. „rr Ukf tltfmxfive.i 
and what kti^ bf>m nnfniiu^HM ,A^ J^.^ ofB,,iiu ■Ayvfnppii^^ ^ Ai/.d 
Axh-ShuttiytHih. 

K,ightf'^NMcxT shmtd hmder jin. 77« ^/ftrj of ihr Tiw faiHth are like 
ih^iit^Us. md Ihv enti.ur.^ff' ^f,hr Ji^s ^^e !^- dicm.eiv^-i ^^ ,^r of 
Ihfm K^s m,< tfor mtri uiilhtwt die permiA-^ion of hh.h^nun^l fphu!,}. 
but frc sh,dt tvtl Iv /fampctfj /rom avtnm^fvr a u-i,und Hr vKh*> mur. 
dm (0 mon). iV ihkri iwrderiiij^ himself ami bi^ hoiiS<-h,ld f.x^.-pT by 
him ^vhl, hiix hren wf.^^fd. forMU^\ wiU arrcpi thau 

J&r Jfiri a«J the Miistlmx. eto^ ^rfiup m«,v/ ht-ar rht^if f„.,- rvv,,(^.v. 
t^h mu^t mpp„rr th^ oiit^r <^gain,i anyone wl^ fights tht ptaph itf tbix. 
doi'iunrm. Tliey n,u>^, <irfk mnuoi iuJvicr (md ^msaliuii^n. and riglu- 
r"«3»r» iUtndd bimffr sin. A mun is noi resp^nMe for his uUyS nn,f- 
h.>ha^u.K TV »-r^^rd mu.si bt h^tped. Thr Jf«-,v sfuiU Ahar^ ,„ ihi- ex^ 



continued, And hL- wlio shuE^ his door is safe, and lie ^.hrt enters the 
MovquE^ IS safe-. Tten ih<p people difibscd to Jifferent direi:iioi.i. [o iMdr 

'ASduIiJh ihn ANi Bakr relarcd fhat when ihe PrDp3ic[ ^mppt^d at DhD 
luwu, he was riding Ju^ bcasi wc;inns ^ i"ft.an o| R:d Ytnu'm dolh Whca 
lw> .av. hov. AIJ.h had hoDi,,^ hitn wiEh vicit-iy, h^ ios^-ctcd hts h^'ad tn 
hpmUily [o Ailah anti) his bciiid jlnnfti louthcd Ihc middk of iTic saddle 
Asms' a^t iiughE^r of Abu B^f rtliti^d thm wb:n ihe Prupk-t Ifibuh) h^liod 
in Dhu luwl Abu Ouhafuh ;..kpd one- oF hi^ younger! d^i-ghicni. m i^ki: 
lum up n» AbO Quhiyi^ (a mounfam in Makfcah). Ko hjd ^Iitk^.t l-x^t his 
Sight, so when ihi7 ^jscendcd »«: asked Jier whiU she cijuld m!c "A bl.s^k of 
blackness," she said. "Ji is ih.. cavalo'.- i\c said Then vh. mid him Hi., .be 
v.-^^ ^L'^ing a man running wp and down in rconi of [hciu. He snjd "O 
Jaufihtcr. i( is the adjuiimt/ j.t. Uie one who grve,s mitt for^^ar<[^ ih^ orders 
lii TJic cavalry. Then she said. "By AMuh, i\x Wackness hits dif(uf^:d.- Hc 
said, -TfwArefore Ihe aiv:,lry hi.^ Iiocn sei fn;c. so buirv and i:,con njc to my 
■house." While she Mas laUn^ him do^i-n, Ihr cavalrv rrwi rhem bcfoii 
rti»i;hing hrs hou.se. As ihc giri .vas weanng a silver m-.kl.K.e, a nu,n 
encoLinicn^d ht^r and to Ji in^m ha nix'k. When the FVophL-. ipbidi) cnur.vJ 
ihe Mosqtie. AhU Bakr ^^c^i lo him Jtiiding hi^ farlicF, On wcinfi him the 
Prophc: Ipbuh) said. 'Why d>dym riot te^vr //i. /VJ ..,^» .,; ft;, ;,„,,,^ ,;,^ ,^^ ^,, 
RP .^ hun ih^nr - AhQ D,,kr replitfti, "Ji ri he wfio .sh^^uld toiiie ti> vou" He 
made him vi. before him and sirof;cd hi* bniiiM and a^ked hi.n lo'embrace 
Man) and hi.- did ?o Wht'n AhO Batr accompiinied liii faihcr wliu was 
wh-te-hatred. ihc Pmphcl (pbuh^ lold rl^m lo change rh.ii g.avness of ilie 
hnir for him, Thcji Ahii Bnkr go* up. held hi< siNtcr^s hand, imd .^id "l 
miplore by ANah and Islam for my si^efs netklflcc". No cue flns^vcR;d him 
so rn; Slid, -O hiik M^icf. save il,r re^ijird for your neckJutc «'iih Allah, for 
honesty is ran; amonj^ptople ncra-adays." 

The jJogan of Uk^ Prophcrs CompnfiifHi^ on The davs of Makliah. 
IJgnayn, and AMA'if; for dte MiihajjriJFi ^va^ "O Banu ' Abdur-R^hriian" for 
ih.^ Khu/raj, "O BanQ ' AlKJulJi),', ^,id for the A^vs. "(J BaniJ Ubaydillah " 
The Prophet (pbuh) g:.vc m^rucLinns lo .he Mo^^lim It^der^ when entering 
Makkah not to Uglit. cxci^pi ceni^n individuak who musE be kdlcd even if 
ihcy *erc found under Uic cunains of the K^'Kih .^mong rhem x™ 



Establishing Brotherhood 
between the Muh^jtrOn and the Ans^r 

ibn Uhai^ sikl, "The PropltiM tpbuh) esliibiishritl muluul bmthcrhoad 
beixd'Ceri hU Coinpanii>n!^ of Ihc MuhJljirun nnd the An^lir. ArNN^rding to 
yjliiiT h:iK TCHcK&l me. riml I *:o**fe AlbhSi pr*MtfL"ii(m rmm ,'iiirihuiin^ lo liim 
words Thai he did nnl ^y, he\aid, 'flr hftHh^rtm AlhJi. piiirbvpnir. ' Me licld 
the hand of AM Ibn Abi lahh and snid. 'Vn\\ tsin\ hrt'jhcr. T!ie Mcssen^Cf 
of Allah, wa.s ihe master of ihc Meysciigcfs and hiijm of ilmsi- ulin arc 
cbnscimifi of Allah, lire Messcnga iif ihi? Lord of ilie Wiirjdi. ami the 
peerless and incompiirahlc. Ht and ^Ali ibn Abi lu^\^ bccumc hi^iiher'^, 
Momzuh ihn 'Abdcl-Mumlib. the Ijon ol Atluti and His Mcs^npcr. imd the 
unck-uf Ihc Prophet. hccanuMhc broths of Zayd jbnHJinthah, [he Hrophi^rs 
niawli. Ham/ah hequcu^hi^il to Z^iyii on the Battle of V\nu\. m ca^t- of his 
dcjiih, Ja far ibn Ab? laJib "the oiK of the iwu wiiii:^. Jiai die flier (in 
Paradise)" and Mcfiyb ibn Jubul the bioilicr of Ibn !^ixlamuh iKMam^? 
bruilitrs- 

i'hc pairs were ^s Folh^ws; 

Ahi^i Bakiand Khilrijah ibn Zuha>r: 'Dmar ibiml-Khaiiiib md "Ilban ibtv 
Malik, Abfl ' LEbay Jiih ibnui-kfnili iind Sa d ibn Mu'Mh: 'Ahdui-E^Jimiin 
itu *Awf and Sa'd ibn yr-8abr: AZ'Zjbayr ibnul- Awwani and Sulamiih 
ibn SiHanicih ibii Wuqsh: UlhniJin ibn Affao and AWs ibn mabU 
ibnul'Mundhittlulfljli ibn L'baydiJlah and Ka^bibn M3liV; SaMd ibn Z^yd 
ibn 'Amr ihrt Niilayl and I'bayy ibn Kab: .S^u^'iih ibti Umayr and Abfl 
Avyul. Kli^d ibfi Zajdi Ah(i Hudhuyfah ibn M.'ibah and 'Abbad ibn Bishr; 
^Ammar ibn Vasir and IJudhavfah ibnul-Yaman: Abu Dharr y|-GhifJri jnd 
AUMundhir ibn Ami: H^rih ibn Abi Ballii'jb nind ^Llwayni ibn Silidah; 
Salman the Pef^ian .ind Abitd-lXirda': :md Bil;\l the mawTS of Abfi Bakr dnd 
Ihc Paiphct'^ Mu'iufhSiin K'alli^r^o prayer^ and Ahu Ruwayhan, 

These were the man who have been locntioned tu u!s a?; ihe Propbefs 
Comp;inions wiiTi \^hom he cemeniiul (ies of mutual broihcihciod-" 



cicnml end uf the Quraysh." Al-'Abb^ ci>nlinu«l. "Riding Iht- Prophefs 
wlutt niute, I rcBi-hcd Al-Arflt, as 1 iho^i^hi \ migfii find some woodcoiiCR. 
luUKci^, ui uttyjiK wlju uuulU j^u (o Hic iJCtipli: of MakkaJi to tell them jbdul 
the Prophcn {yhah} so Uiai ihey could usk for praiection l>crore he enicrtd 
ihc place by force. While baviag suctj an iiiicniuni, I hcoid Uie voice of AbO 
Sufyflr and Budayl speaking t<i each orher. Ahu Sufy;in was sa>'ing. 1 hiive 
never ^een ^uoh rire;; and camping before.' "By Allah, it mum be the 
lUlU/anh corain^ for war/ aniwcrc^l Budayl. Ahu ^ufyAn sjiitL Tlie 
Khu7i'ah are lew trivial and few u> have suth Ores and camps,' Thus \ knirw 
hira by his voice a* well iis k^ did. I told him about the Prophet ipbuh> and 
his anny. and showed conccra fur him and for ihe Quraysh, If be reiit'lTc;^ 
you he wdl cut off yutir head, no muum on (he bock nf mis awik jnd I wilT 
lake you lo hiiii unJ ask salciy for you/ Hc Sa( behind me, *hUe his two 
corapanioni v/cnl biurk. 

PujAinp b> ilic Muvliiii fires, ^hc> Hrsi hecame aJcri, wandering wlio wc 
Wtae bui calniGd down sajing that ii was the Prophet's miifc ridden hv his 
undc Unlil wr w^ri: :ilongUdv '^mEu^'^ fir*, he saw AbG Sufyjin on Ihe back 
oftht nnj!eandcriedoui.';\biiSul"y0niheenciny,>f Allah! ThLifjk^ to Allih 
Ihal wt can wi/c you withoui agrccmeni or covenant ' llicn he wcni lo the 
Prophet (pbuh)ninnine- while I made ihc muk- goal it gallop, und the mule 
wori: il 'A'fls lite a .^low beast outrunning a ^\ow man. I descended ;ind 
hastened to the Prophei ^pbuh|. and Umai entered rcpcaupig what he had 
Auid about Aba Sufjjn and added, 'O Messenger of Allahl iM niE behead 
torn.' ] suid. O Messenger of Allah. I have given him rny pro(ce(ion,' Then I 
&ar by tht.' Pniphti (phuli). holdinj! his he^d nnd said. 'By Allah, none shall 
tflik !4c<;retly Un hmi (otiJEhl whhoui my pr^.^nee'. A*. ^Vtmr cuminued to 
object I said, 'Gcndy 'Umiirl By Allah, m cu»: hc was of BanQ 'Adiyy ibn 
Kubyoo woiild not have saitl this; bu^ ii ishecnn^e you know ihat he isof 
BnnO 'Abd MariJl.' Hc iuiiwered. Gently Abbas! fiy Ai:;di, Ihe day you 
ciobf;ii^d Lshini was dc;in;i to me thiui iliai t>f Al-KhyMh if Ti*; would have 
bcciimca Muslim.' The Pn^phcl Iphuh) loid mc Lo lakt Abu Sufyan wiUimc 
to my dwr?] [inland rt^turaia IhenKinuo^ 

I did what he had told tnc, so early Tii the mommg T to(>k him lo meet the 
Prophei (pbnh}. On wemj? hinu he hajd, 'IV(«- fi> yt/u Ahii Sujvihi. -j I'l f,i>t limt 
rhntvjiii know ihat ihrre is nit s"d hiii Aitah''' He nn^iwcrMJ. 'I rnm^iim vuu with 



A Report on Those of the Prophet's Companions 

Who Suffered from Fever: 

^A'ish;ih fmiiy AlUh ht nlcjsi^il wiih her) •miiU "When tht Pniphui 
;pbah] dirivcd a.1 Madinuh. \\ was Ihc jm^t plaic plugucd wjih fever nn 
conh, [l infcciud lli> Cofii(i;ui(Oii^ *ho siitl'cicd a severe affliclion. Ycl. 
ATFiih kepi ii from His ('rophcT. AKi B^kr's mawlih. 'Amir ihn Fiihuyiuh 
and Biijll. wore wiili hini in one house wlycn Ihc Tcvcc aiiJCkc*! Un-tu. I wcni 
lo niir^c iJiciiL for llifli was before rhe veil had been prcicnbcJ fo[ women. 
Only Allah knowi, how much they ^vefc ^gunizeJ from (nvir. I iipproaehetl 
my (fiJ^t on4 a*Jte*i him how be was doing. He aqswcred, 

Aflv man ml^hlhc greeted by his fiiniity irt rTie meriting 

While (tc^iti wan norer l\un the ihuiig i>riih Mndal. 

1 said- By AJIah, my tarlier Joes noL know wh*ii he is suying.' Then I 

I havotxpedencetideiJLh before acTually tasting if: 
1^ cowurd's death comes upon him as he siis. 
Bveiymmrcsisis \l wiLh all hi^ inight 
Like ihe (IX ihai p««ce;s his hiwly with his lioriis 

J ^d. 'by Alljih' Amir does not know whai he is saying.' BilaJ. when [he 
fGVi?r swayed him, iay down on liie ground of (he house, imd taised hiJi voice 
-■wiyiiig. 

Shall I ever spend *i nigbi ;igain in FiikhLh''' 

With iwccl herb* and Lhymc iimunJ mc? 

Will the day diiwn when I corie down lo ihe waler^ of Majaunah^-' 

Shalt I ever sec. ShMiah and laCD*^^ again? 



J, ShilmJ' tnd Tail! i^fK ivm inuinluiu in MdkkuL 



dskcii whoihtT MuhJimmjd hati p^'niiiUeJ it. He said no. Thus, to 
suspiTUcd iliui 'M\ might tiavi- been (ooliag hini jnij all what tie had done 
was U!ii.'jj;ss. He smd "By AHaJl I fuuuduoUiing else lo do." 

ftc Propftei rphuh> ga\e oidcfs lo :he Muslims to propiire for an 
fttvdsinii. Abu Brii.1 w&i viiiung his tlju^hicr Aishafi wl^o wii^ making iJic 
preparauorrs, WIil-q he asked her iihyuc ihc pljLV [hey were lo go. sht inJd 
hiiif Ihul slii- did rn.i know, Laier ihc Prophet (^jbuJii announced ihJl he WiS 
going lo Mofctuli and ordciEii ilicni H> bt ready. Hi- s:iid. ^'O Ail^h. lake akiov 

towi"The jtmij ^ui ready. 

When the Prophci (pbuhi dcu^munc^d u* mjinh k. M;ikkah, Ij^iih ihn Abi 
Bitlurjh wroie a mcssy^e in fht Qur.iysh u* leTI them al^om ihc Prorlici's 
decision to r:ijd ilicni. hk ^jvt; ji tn u woni:ifi (o wh<mi lit: pajd soriit tnnney 
to tonvcy n to ihe Quraysh. Sh*: put il on litr hcud, Ehen plaiW licr buids 

over ii and kfL The PropbtuphuiiKttcivcd a report from bcaveu of iljiib's 
deed. Thus, he Aummoiiid "All ibn Aln X^IJb aiiJ A/-Zuhiiyr Ibiiul- Awwam 
;jnd .said, "tin u/ur n weinan »iih hIm/4 tk/'n- 1» a Iftivrfrom llii{fli Urn Abi Otif- 
til fjk to rheQuriivi/i mirjuns: rh^tn iif uur Jerif/iim nfniinnib^in." They overtook 
her in Al-Kh:ilit|ah of Bjiiii AhO Ahmad. Making Icr £ct do^^n. ihoy looked 
into her bjig^aee hm found nuihing, 'All Mxorc by Allah fo her thai itie 
Prophet wus nijvcrui he mi!^Jtironncd nor were the^.^d thill if she did not 
give Uie Wiicr they \^odd strip licr. When sIk found Utm serioui. she tokJ 
thcni to fum anidi:. She unUid hcr b:aitlh and gjvc liie Icilef lo him. When 
Ihe Prophi-i iphjiij gi>t Ihc letter from him. Ik called tiatib and asked liitn. 
'^Whai in,h,4 fit vifii i,n/ii ^f,*" ft ^:,id. "By A]lah, 1 bchevc in AlJah aad flis 
Mu.v^-ngcf .ind my hciiet has never changed Bui 1 nm a man of r\o posiiion 
iimoFij; Ihc Quruy^ili and 1 have children nnii a family tlicre w [ hiid to do 
something for iheir sake " "Umnr iiskcd The Prophe< to Tei him behead H^lih 
considciin!; him nhypociilc. Ibwevei, the Pmpltfi (pbidi) said, •'Hmv.U>yiMi 

mil! .\aui. 'Da ttr, juu tih, /or / hnvcjorgiven ytiu.'" 

Allah the Armi»hiy wni down concerning Hfliib. J(^ .m* y^iut believe' 

Tiikif Hill My ettemics ttnil your awnvt'h ii.e. tlisfwiievi^r.\ yi'id pifhthi'i-^n, i-lc.l m 
fihiiJi-. ^■lH''<ims a^irtrU^n r'^'urdt. ihein...y U> ^huti^ed iherc /hu heet\ an «■ 
t^etlept exitnipJf f^tryou tn Ihi-ishixm iAhraharn} .tnti itftfsf hm/i him. »hen Ihry- miti 

— (S> - 



icvoiigt. By my \\k. you rob in tbt inviolabJe area, will >ou mi then avenge 

When iticy atlacked ihcm at AT-Watfr ai ntghi ihiry tilled Mmi;ibbnh, a 
man who hail a weak hcan. He [old Tiunira ibn Asad whti -ccompanititl 
him. Lo Hi^ for he WHS SUIT Uwl lie \voLilUijLC. whdhcrlhcy tilled iiim ot.sc[ 
him frcic. ^incc he bad u prtiblcm id Iii^ IjCiirL liEiiCc:, Tamim managed ID 
i!ic-j|w. white MuiiBbhiih wiu* caught and killtd. On cnicring Makk^ih ihi: 
KIiQzS ah re>iontt! in ihi^ house nf Rud^iyl ibn WiiKta' r.nd rK:ii of un ally of 
iheii^c.-iJkdRafr. 

Wilh ihu [iHiicii-^ of Ibc Qiiriiysh :iini BuntI Bakr a^^uin^i The Khuzil^ah 

til.iini; some of ihem. ihcy were ia f^l violj^ling (hrir irryiy wiih Ihc 

Prophti fpbuh> Ifiniii^h ihtir rfggressive ailiUide toward.s (he KhuzS'alt who 

were m bond wilh hitn, UnJfr ihis *.iiuaiitin/Amr ibn SJIini ;d'Khiizai a;id 
one fifBanii Kjh \^cn\ to iho Prophet ipbjhi m Mitdlnala. Thai wns am^ag 

mt cavLscs of ihr Conquo^i of Makiah. Anir Mood by him while he v^as 

silling wilh Uk people in rh^ iiios^ui:. tuld him nboui itic breach of tht? 

pledgti. -ird iiskcd lor belp. The Pfiiphcl [pbuhl said, "Yi^u witt ^ei UIp, O 

'An\r ihji Salimf" WJifn a cluud appeared in ihc sky lu h'in. ^^ said, "^Vri/y, 

r/jij d^W wifiiNtuf dawn with iho vicivty o/Sauu %'J^ " 

To^eltler wllh a biind or the KhuzfTiib. Budayl ihn Warqa' tvoni to Ihc 
Prnphcl iphuh) in MadTnah \o inform him oF ihdr Jiffliciicn ami how ihc 
Quraysh were supporting Banj Batr againsi ihcm. Afttfi niteTing turn ihcy 
TCtumcd 10 Makkah, Hie Pn>plici (pliuhl hai sjiJ [ti ihcm, 7f jccnw //ia/ in^ 
li'i// \ee Ahii Si^fyan rfl*«i/ij /<^ rt-infi/trc thv treaty wui exierni in irnn. " When 
Budayl and bis comjianitins had reached Usfan Ihcy met Abu Sufjrin ibn 
J^ib. who had heen dispflithcd by ihe QuFdy.^ti lu reinftirce Ihe treaty wilh 
the PropTiei (pbuh) and to moke mi cslcrsion. iis ihi:y fcaicd Ihc oiiicoitic of 
Whiit Jhey hiid done. Whon Abu StifySn saw BuJayl, he o^kcd him from 
Vbcrt he was coming, as lie suspi;eied ihat Ijl' hutl been lo The Prophei 
(pbuh). He an'iwercd that he had been nv.*viii^ wiih ilf KhLi;^3 all along Ihai 
coast ami a\ *hc bolioni of ihat valley, while he denied That he hatl been to 
Muhajnmfld tpbuhj, when he liad a^kcd him so, BuJayl had coniinueii lo 
Wiikhub. and Abii Suiyan did eioi hchevc him as he .^ai(I )o him»;ir, "In case 
^jU^yJ wcni [o MadTnjib he v^ould bas'e foddcEcd his camels date-seed^ lo 
Hif [here." Heueuf m I he piaeo wkt-re camels bjd nJslfd, ^plU up Iheir duog. 



wuh ii uniil wlitn he wa^ in ihir hcun oi ihe biiilc with no way mu he 
uUghicd h^ ruaik hotx, haiiUiUimg iL, <md rcj^mcd fighiing until he was kilJ«l 

(bn Hisham said. "A scholar whom T Irusi told trc thai Ja'far held ifie 
^ksndaid ni>i in his righ( hundn bui it w;is cm ulT, io lie wi^cd ii wiih his left 

hnntl wJiich ivas :\hn cui off, TJien he i:|a?.|K\I ii tn h^'s Jjn^s^ wall hi.-, lutiis 
unlil he xv,is killed, lie wub ihiriy-lliiLX vcan* of dgc. ConH:i]ucolly. Allah 
icwnrJcd him wirh ivn wjtigs iri Par.idjsc wiih ^hith he iTcw wherever he 
wished. If w:f? «uid ihjii a Rciman wnmor simck him. cuuing him a sumler," 

Ibn \:^ai\ .Skud LhaL after [lie kiTling of JaTor. 'Abdulliih ibn R^L^^Jihah 
\w\i\ the !%ijnJanl ^ifid ^.tepfv^d furu'urd with ii whib rldinc |il<; hor!:e. He kid 
[0 reprejis himiclf as he fell he.»,iiani to proceed, Imi hi? hhitticd hmTit'ir iind 
poi off. Then hii cuumji offetcd him a meat bone, saying, "Su|:^n yourself 
m\h this, for you hive i^uifcrcd u Ini in ihcsc difficuli days." Kc took a liiilc 
biic, bui when Ilc iiea^d the sounds of di.sordtr and crowd in {he iitMy. ho 
hurlcti Ti aw;iy. '(aymg u> him^lf. "Are you |>uN livingj m ihJA woiicl?" He 
gripped his swurd, iidvaiiccd, and fought ^mUl he was hillcdr TTicn Thflbir 
ihn ALjram ihe hroiher i>f Buiiii Al-^Ajliln lock ihu i^tandufd. H^ cded oirU 
^'t) \ftiUimr;. comi? ui^ctKcr ir>und a mwi of you." Thcv *LEiid, "Vnti (he thn 
manl ' liui \yc objected so they rallied to Khalid ibnul-W^iHd. As he look ihc 
standard, he panied thi: enemy lu avoid nn encounicr. Then Nc wjthdiew anpi 
the cocmy iivcrxcd from hini unill be rcucaXed wii^ tlie anny. 

According to whar ha^ reached mc, x^iiei the army wiis cni^fwd The 

E^Ophel (phuh) said, 'Tayil iM /hi- standaTd mid jhis^hi wtih it unii} /fc \vai 
kiUt'd a\ fi niartyf; then Jti'fur look it artil fnu^hl with it \mlif i\v ^m bilttl ui it 
nmrivi' Ihen he [phiihl kept silent, so the laces of ilie Anwr c^^a^gcd color 
for ihey ihuugJit thai ^omc mischief hdd happened lo 'Ahdallah ibn 
Rawajiah. Yt\ be COnlinued, "Thm Abththih thn fUi^iiah keM it tmJ fought 
ivifh it nHti! hr hth kiifed m a majtyr " Thcn ht ■^ifl, "7"iiiT mr? camrA up m 
nrrin PitratH^c, rt.i I ^awitus vhifm. tm hf.il^ of ^rid. isttvr ' AhtiuUijii's Itrd trimrng 
miiiff froin jfic heJ-s t^hia fH't fclhws lie. Zayd and Jj^fiirJ- W/wn lasUdJhrihe 
matiri. / hu.v if/tif that rhfv mn'i^i rm f without hrsU^Hiunl hur tv ain-trrpd fvfifre 
fic imneit att' 

Klialid ibnuhWidli! wrth !he army, was getting doss lo Madmnb when 
ihc Prophci fpbiih) wenl out to wtflctune them :£igethcr u'ilh Ihc Muslims 
and the boy^wiw went running wtKritas the Pruphet ipbuli/ wu.> mounted on 

— cS> — 



i\;kirne<i to Mjdinah wiihnut lighUn^, iin<J suycd iIktc for iht rest of 

Riiblul-AUiirunU ii puuof JuHiiidJliU-LJja, 

The Invasion on Al-'Ushayrah 

tile ["mfihci fpbuhJ ir»vaded the Quray^Ji ihrougb ihe ]i:iih itf RjnG 
Dinar, FajriTuJ KJuh-V. und iioppcd under a rrcc ut ihc valley of Ehn A^lilir 
v-'hcic Kc olTi:E^?d prayer in J foimJi'd his mf^squc. Fond wa\ pnpatcd and he 
■lie .icirprnpunieJ by those who were with him. The siic of lite sionci of hiK 
tooking-poi is sIlII known. He dnnk iVimi it>e w^ter of a place calied 
AI-MiLsliiarah. Th\:n he dcparrtd Al-Khuls'iij kfUvaid in ihc 4liriri;iJon of » 
gJcn called Shi'bai Ahdull^; ihon iti the lefi niwin unlil he wem doft'n lo 
Valval ufid Slopped ai lis ciDSsm^ wufi /Vd-OJ^U-Hi Hf drank from (Jit well 
at A^D'^bu'ah iraveising Ihc plain of Midd uniil l>t mcl Uic imtii in 
SutcluiVTiki iil-Yamiim Mruight in A!-' Lf^hyyrob in tTic valley of Yanhu' 
whoie he Slaved [liruu£houi Iht- month uf Jutn.tdi .il-OiS and Mime days of 
Ihc fallowing inunth. He made a pad cf pt-^ice Ihcrc wiih Band Mudlij and 
iK^ir uBk's Banu Qunirah. and icuim^d lo Madmah vvuhoui j fighi. 

The Expedition of Sad ibnAbiWaqqai 

Ar the wuite liruc, iho Propliel (pbidi) acm Su'd Ihn AbT Waqtifls with 
ciglii nii^Ti of the NfluHajinjn, who reached AJ-^hamV in AI-iUj§y_ They loo 
[ciornul wubi^m flghring, 

The InvasioD on SafawAn, 
the First Invasion of Badr 

After [he invasmn on A]- L^sIl[Iy^Ill^ \hs Pfophcr (pbuh) had stayed lcs< 
than icn rdjihis m Madinah when Kurz ibn Jihir al-Fihr? rinded [fie gra/tng 
camels pf MudlnfiK T]k Prophi^l ^phuh) pursued him. unlil he reuihcd a 
vallty called Saluw&n, in [he dircciiun of Bailr. Kurz Hcd and couid nni be 
cautihi. Tills WiXf, the fu-si invasion of Badr Aficrwairfs. The I'rophei iphirhj 



F[ouse concealuU him kom ihe polytticisK and ihcn he touched ihc Souihcrn 

Ciirncr, He walked lij lLV>i cln; Blmck Swat:, hk ran m eIk Tii^l eIucc roundJi 
and w;j|kcd ihe resi.'" 

AcLOfding 10 Ibn *Abl>3s. [he Pmptici ^pbuh) irarfied MayinOnah ihc 
daugJilcr of Al-MSnl^ ui ihis visil wlicii Jrc w&s in the iiaic uf ihttlm. 
Al-'Ahbis ibn ^Abdul-MLyalib wa?i the one who mymfd him lo her. The 
Prophcl (pbuli) ^pcnl ihrcc d^iy^ in Makkaii. H^^^yt^^ i^ri ''Abdel-'Uzzu 
Wi^nl lo hnn yn the third day wiQi a band tyi Ihc Quraysh. ai Ihc^ l;^ler had 
chaifitd him lo lei rlie Pronhei (f^idij leave Makkah, They ^id. 'Your ictju 
has ended, so leave us.' The Prophel (pbuh) answered, "ff/jy tin wumn letmc 
.stay to Weil amon^ yan and prr-parc a ffasr fur yoJi fi> attttd?' They *aid, 'We do 
nt>l need Viiur food sg get away/ Hence, liie Prophel fphui) depuited, 
[caving Aljfl RSf his ph/wM lo take care gfMnymun^ih uniil ht; drove heno 
him in Sari f where The wcddiop rook place, and ihcii ihi^y ciMHinucd or ihcir 
way (o Madinah 

Ibn Hiihmti said \\\vi\, uct:»[dinf lu Abu ' Ubaydah, A^ah revealed Lo him, 

4 fndeed Ailtt/i shailfulfit ihc true visiim v^hich He ihaiwd fit His MeSr 
^enger [\£. ihc PropheT sav a thcaoi ihiU he has enicml Mshkah dung 
wilh hu cdmpaniom. havm^ dieir fhead) hair ^h^ved ami eta i^hnrt] iit 
vtry truiL Cfrtnmty. yi^ shcili enter Al-MoBJid-ai-HiirArn: ijAltah wUls^ 
Si^ure. iMiinc} hi\'inf! yaiirlieiu:tsihitveiLandhi>mEi liavin^ voiir head 
hnir cur shorr. ini\-mg no fear. He k/tew what yiu ksieiy /loi. and He 
granreii iiesiiSe:s jiuii si rintir victory. \ 

(Al-Falh: 27> 

The Raid on Mu'lah '* in JumAda al-OU, 8 AH 

The Piaphei <pbuh) clayed iit Madin^h for ihc rest <jf DJml-K^jjah. as the 
polyihcisis conducted the pilgnmacc, unlil Rabf al-Awwal and Rahi^ 
al-Akltit, In Juniriiiri i\\-V\^ in the ycuf AH, ht sent a nii-tMi>ii [u Mu'ioh in 
Syriii. putting Ziiyd ibt\ tiArilhuh a» commander, lo he replaced with Jii fur 
ibn Abi ^Alib tf he was killed :ind ^Abdiillah ibn Ruwahah if i^'far was 



1. AvUlfl^inAl-Hiliig'm ^tIq 



^L'lhinun tbn AhUiillali :inJ Al-Jj.j»kam jlin Kaysiiti \^;:iv capiiVLilcii- Nawfftj 
Hcd -.md tviiiiL'd Lhcin. Afxlultuh ibri JiilisJi iinUlius cympaimms rcfurncil lo 

Miitlinuh vnHIj, ilic tflfavan qhJ tht two tdptivts. 

7 i/ifl 114'} i-fmniiiff/t wjjj iiifij^fa in ttxrSia itihift"tiU'>- " 

Kti rL'[uiiiL\[ ihc t'jiJLvun anj rhc fwi> priwner^j ;inJ ft^Hiuik' \Aai^ 
anUhing fr<jni ihem. When rlw Prophci ij^uhi siud i^o, the men fell 
dc^periiti; iind ihmi^ki ihey were donmcd. The Muslim'' censured lliem for 
how ihcy jicfccl. ThL' Qumy.sh sjnd, 'Muhjiinnud Jiid hi^ CfHiipanions hiivt^ 
ptrmiiici] O'l^iing in) itie invioUMe nmrnh. -.ht'ddin^ W)M \\\tvt\w. utking 
spuils, and irnpristmmo mzn." The MnsJinL^ iii Mukfciiii wh[> refilled Ihi'ui 
Siiid iluii ific wh<>|c ihinj^ h;id hnppcnett in Khi Kan- 

V/licn u hn nf lalf^ was pio\t>ked, ANuii stm Ouwii [o His Propliei 

//jfl unii iZth motiiUa "f ih>. t.-^himU inUiuUiO. Siiy, 'ft^iliHi^ ihcitin is- 

Vfiir /miiihfjJ f/iHii ftf/I'nviiiK iUe Wr/y //f Afluh. W tlb/ttli^fiY in liisn. Hi 
pri'venf anesi Id At-MiiAJiit'alHtifiim fot MtikktiliL <irul tn linit- tHii ii.\ 
inl\iilHituil.f^-A 

This means if yrui have killi*d (some of Theml in ihc InviokiMi.' monrh. 
lhi;y h;ive dr:iwn ym hjiL'k from 1\k vuy of AJJrih wiih ihfir di';l>eljcf m 
Hitn. and frcmi \]\e fnviolahk" Masijuc, and esipcllcd ytiu fmm it \vheri you 
were ii4 pfoplc.This is Ji ^rtntci viahxkm thim Ihc vlayin^ ofthtisi' whnm 
you have killed. * ...eaut ^f-fxrmiA"? is wbav tfmn klilkn...* ].e. Ihey u^U lo 
st'duix The Muslims in his religion u> mm ihem t>iick from their religion and 
ihai il i% wofm: in Lhi: -li^ii of. Mich iiiun kiLliiif- 

4...AiuI.ifjeyivill ntfwr caae Jtahiioi! vou iirmi liiryiarn vow hatkfrofli 
y*yur ifHfciinif/sliii'iit: Mimorti&jMtf t/lht;Y] roir™ ^ 

(Al-Baqsiriili:217j 



1. SclJiilIJlui. [uiJLiilL:inLlki|i[iii^^M<i]] 



had done lo [hem. 'O Mcny^Knga of Aliiih. what ha-s happened [i> iwc is iJic 
same as whai h4i^ iupivntiJ lo you," suid BilQI. TIk ProphL'l (pbuh) 
atlmineU. "You urv fi^k" Then ihc Piupbei ipbuh) radc his caiiiul for raiticr 
ix ^hc^l1 tli^luncc, wbcic he maJc I1 knttl. so rbdl he md ihi- fiicn pei fiirfncd 
ttbiution- He commiinded Bdil idcuI! fiirihc prayer. The Pn^phci iphuhi led 
people in the pny^ and wlwn ihcy ended il. he iipproj<:hed ilw penplt? unJ 
said. Vf \/m fiirufi m pi'rfnrm wiir prfivrr P''if"n» it ^ici'voir rrmt'mbrF it. fur 
AUiik CJnrifirj! imj tixafrrii hf He. rnyi. i ...uud ptifurTn A^-iaUdi <ii/fiinfit^£- 

Ivhciinl rhjir the Pfopfei iphuhJ pri^vidtd Ibti Luiiaym yl-'AbsI wiih :he 
thickens or livestock of Kha^h.ir The conquest was earned otit in S^jfar, 

The Arrival of Ja far ibn Abijalib from Abyssinia 
(And 3 Report on (he Migrants to Abyssinia) 

ibn Hi'^him said from Aj^h-Shuabi, 'Ja'fai ibn Abi lilib canM? u> the 
Pniphcl fpbuhi on the day when he cont|uejcd Khayhar.Tbc Pmphei ipbiihP 
kih^CtJ ills ^ciTL-tvcad and bu^^O<l him skiving, t iSo nm hum- nkih makvs me 
huppiit. shf I irnt^tieii ii/Kiwyixir III thenrTiytilofJafdr." 

Ibn LsMq said. "Sumc of iht; Praphei's <phuh) Compunions rcmained in 
Abyssinia umil he dlspatdicd ''Amr Jhn Umayyuh nd-Camri lo rhe Nogus lo 
bfmg ihem bau^ in iwo shjps. They amvcd while be was in Khaybar afier 
Al'Jiudajbiyaii, Thcirnanics were as fd lows; 

From BanO Hashini: Jafar ibn Abr TMlb wiih his wife AsinJi' ihe 
daughier of Umays and hL** sun 'AbtUillali win- w,i.s horn m Ahywrinia. 

From Banfl Abd Shaini ibn Munfii: Khulid ibn Sa^iil Ibnu^'Ab ibn 
Urwyyah ihn ' Ahd Shams u ah his wnc Aminah die daughter of Khitlaf ihn 
As' ad; bi'v iv/o childrci^ Sj"d und Amtih. whn wciv bom in Abjssinia, und 
his brnfhcr ' Arar. Thom uere hIso Mu'jiyqib ibn Abi l-!j[jnuh, who became 
gtianli:in of Ihe Muslims public inuLsury undcf tlie nife of 'Umai' 
ibnui-KhaliaNn and Abu Mu*iii *tl'A*ih ari- 

Fmm Bmfi Asad Ibn 'Abdd-^CIraS: Aj-Awvnd rhn N aw fa I {bn 
Kbuwsivhd- 



thciM lh:i[ Muhammad anJ hi^ Companions were ujiiing for il. ^imiiiam 

Thrct* Jjjyt priiir lo S^m^am's amvjil. "ATit;ah ih? cJaugliisr of 'Ahdul 
Muiliiirh saw ii vision A'hicfi icrrifteJ fier. She seni lor her broihcr 
AI-'Ahhiv MyiJig. "O UrtHher. I had a vision la^si nighi which rerrificd ruL- 
uni] J fe;irih<ilcvj| and udversi&y will ifflici your people So kcrp wh;^[ I leU 
you -jh a >*;cmi,'' He a^kcd whiit slic hatl Hrcn and sl;e ^^litL "I saw a miwi 
nclmg a cajzi&l whn isk^ppcd ai ihe s'allcy. He "veiled al [he lop of his vpicc, 
'Rite, O pcHple. tfo n<M Jc( yiuir men confiont :i caUniiiy Ihul will comt" in 
diroe davi lime.' 1 saw i\k people gaiher un»und hhii. lie fhon erifcred the 
Mittquc and fhe peopk followed him. While *hey were ^um>uncJi^g him liis 
lepicl gol up onio llie top of IIk' Ka'boh, Then he rL'iwaii^d liie call wiih ihc 
fifljne tt'ocds. AJterward-N hjs cumcl rase ro ihe lop ol" Abfi Qubuys. he 
sliruLcd ouf ngum, look u rock :md lciosL'nc:d tI. whiclr kcpi on fullmg down 
to Ihe tHHioiii of rht^ nuiuniaiii wlicrc it wa,sdi\itlL\l inif sin^lJ pieces. There 
was no h<nxse or residence in Makkiih bul goi a hJi of ii," AI-'Abbib said, 
^y Allah, verily il is □ virion, and yon hjiil fwircr cnnL'snl h and not 
mcFilLi>r ic lo anyone/' Al-'AI>b3s ihcn mei Al'\^'iil1ii ihn "Uibah wUo uits 
■hi-< fnfnd. He informed him a|K}Ut it bui disked him lo keep ii d ^ccrtM- Yci 
Al-Waltd lold his failier and Ihe stoi^ prt'Vjjiled in Mal^kah so Ihai Ihe 
Qtiraysh were speiikiii^ ulnnil Jl m ihcir pubJic ns'iemblje!,. AU Al>b3^ said. 
"T 'A't^kt: L*p m LliL- mummy lu eireumamhuUie ihe Houst. wticrea*^ Abu JahL 
wo.'i ■jimng s^iih u group of the Qufaysh discuiaing "Arikab's vision. Whi:i» 
be saw ii>c he >iii*d, "AfTcr Hni^hinE your circumanibu^cmon fome imd join 
Ui,' When I vut ^liih ihcm, AhO Jnhl ^ald. X) M^n of 'Ahdiil MiiUiiHb when 
<d7d such prophecies hap|>L'ri ;imong youT Wl^ai do you inean by ihal? I 
a'iked. That vision wbieh 'Atikah Jreami of.' he icplicd, 1 said. And whai 
did she six7' He sufd, "I^ il not enough for you fhnl yinjr riien ptophesi-"e 
Ihan I.bar your wojnen do the same? Aitkali cbimcd in her vision thai 
someone >aid Rise ui war in ihrw days' We shiill uwjii Thoe ibfee days; if 
her saying tc Irue, Ihun ii will be su: yel if after Ihe ihice iljy> nothing hit* 
'Oceiirred. we will wnte :i Lk>i:timi.-iii ihiii v"ii jiiv rhe [?T't!nlpfi[ liais among die 

Ardhv. Bv Adah I did nothing imm; thiin rcpiidiaiini; .irni denying ihai slic 
had s.ecn ^y^hing, 



--<iS>- 



1o death- On Marhab's dciith. his brother Yasir oioso lo duel Hiihum jhii 
^Urwah siiid ihai when A^Ziibayr fbnul-' Awwam emciged to Hghi YSsir, 
liis mother S^vyuti. (he daughter of At>dui-Mu[lalih sM, "{W\l\ you tei 
f^im) kill my sob. O Mcsstngcr of /\nah?' Ho answered. 'Bur your ton m^iU 

UU 'lim, i/Attafi wifti' A/.-Zubjyr *cm oul and kilted Yasir. 

Saliitiah ihn Amii ihnul-Akwa' reiiited, "The Prophci (pbuh) sent AhO 

tiakr wjlh the sisindurd agairi'W some ol me Ktiayhjr sironghyJdi. Hf fOLighl 
unfit Ik ticcaiinc cnhuusicd and iciuincti wiihoui a conquesl. Afttrwwds. he 
sent "Umiif bui with ihe same resuhs. The Pmpbci fpt>uh) i-iid, 'Tcw/rtrrwH' / 
^■jJ/i'ii*' J/i^ hittinrr tiy a uiim w/wi frpv^i .^//jj^i unti hix Meiiwrififr Allah M-itl over- 
come ii ^-ifh his hiimfs. fiint la n^ver t.'n-afif.t." hicnct: Ihc IVdphel (pbiih) 
stimmnRL'd \M\ who h^id h'ld a prolilem in his eye ai ihailinit:. ^c> iiv (pbuh) 
!ipiU in his e\C and ^aid. ^r^iifr iftu ^tiiadarJ and prmii^iffl with ir, uriiil Altuh 
^ratir.'' yoii viflory.'' 

Salama!] said. "AK hanicil away *ilh it, gapping as he nisbrd, whilt wc 
were behind liim following his trates umil he fixed the siandard in a pile of 
sioncN under ihc ronrcs.s. From iht iopinuM pua of iSw: ionruss. a Jtw 
[ookiil down ut hirn und itikcd, "Who arc juu?" lie replied. "I imi 'Alt ibn 
Abi Tilib." The Jew ciiniimjcj. "You *i!l f>e granted viclory. by whai was 
^m ii> Mli!;^[" H« drd nnt rei\sm jntil Allah had mad^ llic cumitu-v^l ihroLigh 
his hands, Tlic rw£> ^irotighdlds of Khaybar. Al-Wailh iind M-Sutaiim v^ere 
bcMcecd by Ihc Piophei (pbuh) uriUi i!:c Jews There were sure of their dc^ih 
so they af.keJ him lo lei them leave and iparc ihoir \i\c^. and lie [pbuh) 
accepted. He (pbuhl had taken control of all their propcny, A^Ii'Shaqq. 
Nai^. and Al-KiiEiJiali uml i\i\ Uicif fi}nrcs,se-s cuccpi iho\c iwo siron^huld*. 
Whtn ibc people of Fuiljk knew thai Ihey had done so. ihey sent la llw 
Prophui lind asked hiin U> Ijeai ihem in ihp wime way. 

MuJiiiysah ihn MitVOd. Uie brother of Bnnu hl^i^hahn was flmong itjc 
modiaioi-s Thu p*!op1e of Khuybnr aeked for t^unender and ihai ih<? Pfopher 
,^huh] wotittl jcL ilttrm iindctiakc iheir propcny Jigainsi a halfsharc of the 
ouipui. saving, "We knuw it beUtr than you and we arc better f.mweis ' The 
Prophet (pbuh i Jiccepted iheir projMtsiii but stipulated thai "tfnv nish /.> iJuIe 
>vi«. Hv mti do it." He made a similar reeorcilijiion wllh the people of 
J-adak. Thus. Khaybar eoncc(]cd lo ihc Muslims, while Fad^k was fully for 
ilie Piaplvci IpbuhJr sintc Lhey iLiadc no civptiditiifn wi[h cither cavalry or 



— C^) — 



in ihc form of Suij^jIi lUii MuNk ihn Ju^tium saying, "j picdyc ihm 

KitiJjnith vill nol iis^iiil j-ou in ihc bacl^," so iTicy Jushcd swilU>. 

A icw nighis had passed of ihc nrnnrJi of Ramaiffln, i^hcn tfw Pmpiicl 
(pbuh) wcmro v.ar-lli:t:hjr^cd"'\Jiir ihn Hmm M,rt;rftni [,i k-ad iJio pt^nplc 
in pi-jyurs »ia culW Abu tuhibiji fmm Ar-Rjwl^a- lo superijiicnd 
ih^ljjriijli III? yjiuu il-K vjhiw sluiid^ir*! lo Mus uh ihn Omnyt, IvlO biiick 
RajMACreinrrom ofllit? Pn^phtfUphuln. one v^iih^AU ihn Ab?T:illl» called 
flii-TqSb iuid ilic oilier wiih cme ot die Ansar Only strveniy ^ymols wrid 
ownL'd by his Companions wiio rode tin each altemativelv; Lhc Pr-iphci 
tphiih) wirh 'All and WanfiyJ ibn Abl MiiUhiid al-Ghiiniiwi on one v-amd; 
Mami'.jm mn AbilijJ-.Mun"liii. /^yd ihn HdatJiah. ;ind Abu Kabshah und 
An.Tsah. iwo manfd^ ol' tht Prciphd on one: ^nil Abu Bakr. "Uniar, and 
"Abdur-Riihmiin ihn 'Awfon fuii; cumcf, 

Mc TTiutchtJ uui [he K>;iil 10 MjkUli tiy ihe upper cnume Tn^m ^E^Tlab. 
gojng rhraugh AI-'Aqlq, Dhuf-iliifjyfjh, jii,l Uiatul-Jay.^h, p-l^^i^g by 
Turban. MjiIaJ, GhamiMd-HymSm. Sukhuyrnitil Vmniim, iind A.s-Sayaioli; 
Ihcn by die cbyMH of Ar-R.wb^' Ur Shaniikiili. Hcadiirtg " Tntua^^ahyak 
Ihrs mtl ^1 noniuil Jittd asM limi aboui iha Quniysh, bm lie knew noihing. 
The pcnplc said. "Gretn thi- Messenger of Albh." He said, ^h he [iinorg 
vou"*" and wft?n ihey >iaid Ire waN, h^* grt-ctcd hmi and saiil, "If you m- the 
Mf^sengcr (H Allah, riicn idl me w^tar The ?ut of my shci-imd uonlaLns.'^ 
Sufiimah (hn &iJriFiuih sdiU k» hjm. '^Dt* nm a^k ibc Prriphci; come lo me :mJ 
IcaniiiK ymi about ii. You lojipL upon her ,ijid yJie i*. prcpiam ofa JinJt-Eiial 
Irom you'" The Prophi?! Iphuhisdid. "Srop ifl yf«i >K,ye -.-p.iSi^^fi (ttinytHlynf ihr 
mm 'Then be Icfl Salamiih, 

Tlic I*fiiphcr (.phulij hailed iiT Sajsa;. Ihe well of Af-R:iwhu: llion tfuvt^lcil 
T.> AI-Munsaraf. dcpuning fmm die ru-id of Mukkrih k'fiwjrji. rumme lo ihc- 
figlii 10 An-Na/iyiih Iwodin^ for Bjdr, Procoftiine in ihai difLvilon. he 
cms^cd a valley calJed Ruhqan ben^ter An-NfKiyah and [he sirail of 
As-SufrT: ihcn idonE Ihc Mrait n> near As-Safra'. He rhen srni Baibas ib» 
\\iiH-;d'JuhamiiDd Adiyy ibn Abi az-Zairbbu' iMuliuiil lo Badr lo find oui 
iKw> ah^.ui Abil Sufyiii iinj hi> caraviiij, Hiivmp seni [fieni on aliL'ad l» 
dcrpoi'led. 

Reports cmiic ro hini ihui the Quuiysh had marchcJ lo dirfend ihoir 
c.^rikvan Hff con>;ubed Jus (wopk. Ahii Bakr goi up untl -^pokc x-ntll. Tfitii 



A^'ZliIue ^aicl ihm no previous victoiy wa^grcarw than ihk liwa^i 6nfy 
fighting when people nici; linwcvcr, when there Wis an amiiscice inslcid of 
war. peoprc icli secure, m (ogclhcr. and [Kgonaiecl w scdk titspuics. ThiiJi, 
nunc liiiitinftlizcd whju was SJid concerning Islam t>ur tmhratcd ii. In (hose 
two ycAL> ie> iiii^ny E:intirai:cd JaJsju as c^cr hcfurt^, pt;ilijp.v nii>rc.'" 

The March to Khaybar in Al-MuJiarrami 7 AH 

Afler his rj?lum rrt*in Al Huiljyhiyah, ihe Prophet {pbuli> iipeiit 
Dhill-Hiij^h and pari of Al-Mu|jiirrjm in MaUtniih, while thi- poJyihfTstj; 
were in chmje of pilfiiimasc. Tht-n m ihc remainder of Al-Muliarfam he set 
forth against Khaybm. Abii Muaiiib ibn 'Anir rclaled, "When Ihe 
Mc&senijcr of Allah oversaw Khuybur he suJd ro hi^ Companions, while I 
WHS among (hcra. ^Sr<ip. Ificii rie jJ»icI, Y? Athh. Lfntofilu- /\eiivciis tinti what 
fhvy in'^rxAadpyi-. Uirdofthf kwils ami what t/rry m/ikf u> ipntur. Lurii of rhe lirv- 
ih and what ih^y had nirrtiw LftidofUic ivitv/s and >i-hiH ihr\- t\-iiiiiii\i * IW uyk 
Yim tli/r piiiirhir.^nf thiK imvn. l/ic goiMifle.M ufili frri'plr. ait/1 the qn/nJir^.';.': 'ij iviuit 
txin if. Wc serk Your refuse fnm in; evil, the i^yii of ii.i penple. awl \h' evii of what 
isitt It. Prectifiim the liumt iff AUah'T^A'AX WJ^ whftt lic u,sed losay on entering 

■wcfy Tiiwn." 

Ai\3S [bn Mfiiik rclatcti, 'The Me'>><:ng(T of Allnli ipbiih) used lo niiike 
his raids m ilie morning. Jl he hciird ihc calhci pruyerhe would nnl advance, 
and if be Ji J ool hear H he wcsuld raid. Wi: readied Kliaybar ai nigliE. und 
the Piiiphel tpbuh) speni Ibc nighl iht-re. fn tbe morning h? bedirf not hear Ihc 
eaH lo prayer he rode and wt rode wiih Iiun, an<l I was riding behind Ahfl 
Xaliiah with my fool louching Ihe Prnphei's. We mei ihe lahorervof Khyyhar 
m Ihe morning wjib ihcir spades and biL^keis, On seeing ihc Prophci (pbuhj 
und the aiiiiy Ukv >elJrd, "Mubumiiiud wiih bi^ jiiniy," and turned mil and 
escaped. The Prophci ipbuhl ^aid, "AlU'thii Akhnr.' Hfmyhar i.v iJe^trtry^.i. Wlmn 
wniH^fit m/i pfi'pU-'i varit 1 iMt htiii ijioniint^ firr ihitiC v'hit are i*arni-if.' " 

Ibn Ish^i] said, "The Prophet rphuh) Met>pt'd <HfT from Mndinah To 
Khaybar ilirouglioui l^^K where a mo^-qUL: wa* consirueieJ fnr itlni. Ihtn 



I. Ibn }|]ih&ni uij itwi lit: evuicaa: inr \z'Z[rhrrs wnnl4 «:iiiilijii ihe VChXn^r^itr^lliilTCEibulii iirni 
In jM-11uJjyliiv.ll] u;i]h kin: ijuiuuhlJ mij Niui huudjcd nvn, whrJr in ihc naimiiitn nl jul<ir itur 

iL A ui.iuill^iii hcl^rrn Mvilinnli mil j^l-Far' vilLcy. 



-<m> — 



Then Ihe Prophci ipbubl lmJti;d ncai Budr. He rode nn with one afVila 
L^mpjoicns umil lie nii^i m M Bcdomn. He a.skcd him ahotii ihc Quraysh 
as *ctl a'i about Muhammad nnd his Companinns. und whahcr he hjJ any 
infomuiuon iiboiil lhi.-m. The old m^ sijited. 'I will no; lell y<m unlil vnu 
lell nto whith ol' tJk iwsi you uk." The Pmphcl (phufjj icturlcd. ■{/ yxni lui- 
jiT^r ui'. UH, win tfii yitiM." lie snld. "Til for luiT ""Yej;"". he replied. The 
Bedouin said, "I hjive hL'urd rlmi M^l^;^mmttlI and hk fompunions mo^'[,'d on 
such-and-.such a dyy. U Ihut is nglii. They today shotdd hjvc reached 
such-^d'Michaplikfe, ircfrmng[iii*hi:r?ilKr Pmpliti fphuh^ aiUnilly was). 
■Ais*) I heard thanheQurnxsh niaiched oui on such-aml-iuchu ikiv,so iodjy 
iney shiiuid have ton in sufli-anci suoh a place, " where rhey actually wore. 
Whiin he liud finii*hi:iJ ho said. 'T-Vhi^re liid vou tome [mnV Tht Pmphel 
<pbiihj ^id, "W^ an- fr<->r, ^;''"," Then hL: tlL-jwrlcd. while i\v= dd man wjs 
sayine, "Whaid(iesthi^fnean?klicironilhL- Wa'nf Iraq?" 

^item the Piophcc tpbvilil vi:nl bu;:k lo hin Companions. In die evtmnh^, 
he scm 'All ihn Ab? li^hb. A/-Zuhjyf ihmit-'Awwiim. oud Sj'd ibn Ahi 
Wa^iqas wnh a number of tiic rompiinions tn ilie wfll ar BaHr in -^iin;!! tif 
news, where They seized ivtunc of die Quray^ watcr-rncn. among whtmi 
wure Aslum of IJanii Al-Uaijij. ;ind 'Artfl Abu Yatar <vr Rinu AI-*As ihn 
Sa'Id-TheycauElii them and inquired of iticm v^hilc ihe PmphcMphidif wjs 
perlcirjnmg pwycr, They sajd. "We arc rile wuicr-men of the Quraysh; ihcy 
sent us u» bring ihciik wiiicr" The paspk- did not liki? tlicir .inswcr, a^ ibey 
hfhjied ihiit they belonged lu Aba Siilyan, Tha^, ibcy licai thcni ^cvefeJy 
untiJ ihp n*n daiiticJ ihai ihey belonged to Ahii Sulyan. So dicy rclfascd 

iht'iTi. When thL- Prophet iphuh) finished his prayers, he said, 'iiVii/Vv'"/'' 
yi'ii thf tnith \-f»i ln-ai >hcm: anil ^vlte/i thfv firil vtni rr-lfmnl thrtm^ Thfv ifnikir tk^ 
mtth fi\r tU<y hetfuin to ihf Qtuay^h. hfirrtn inf ivnu tiuii whm nboiii the Qm- 
mvsh?" Tiiey rctnrtotk They art heliind thi'i dune whith yi.Hi ?«c on ihc 
rcinnTL*s( emhankint^nT. ' The I'ropliei ipbiihl ii\\.cd ihem about Iheir number 
4ind ihty smd tttui (hey wcic many Ujt ihey dkl noi kuovj their exaci 
nomhcr: l«ntv he inquirftl of (hcni --ibnm ihe number of bcasis ihcy 
vitTftUed eiifh d;iy. Wht^n rbej ^.md nine <>r ten, he >aid, ^Thfpttrpharebo- 



\. In.Aiahlr.ihiivurimciTm «iil:T.i«liiL-fn-iniiIkitwUwJ loretcrid *cnieii MiC nl wriii.-]i iiujiii 
rnnucil Tic Pin[^ 1 fihuli } Tnciuri iht loiurr fii]i TiciLHcd ni^"^ ajrJ nm ^pcrnii m make li amlii^- 
oUi Tir ir>i: nun anJASnid [pUin^ ivi it the unirUmc. 41 AM'li iJhj Ibciuim ali pjaft. [Re- 



blow this. Wdie losEcad "tn Ytmriidme. f7^^/nft.'"nieProphc* fpbulil agreed 

LO *nte that. Then he said, Wnre Sown This ri ivfuir Muhwnnuul tfie Met- 
Sfn^er of Mliih has recunciJed wish Suhayi ihn Amr." Suhyal ohjeclcd. "If I 
witnessed that you are Allah's Messenger, I would noi fight you, Wiile your 
ovii iiiuin: aiiJ your father's. ' The Prophei {pbuh) said, 

"MVJff TTn'i li wfiui MiJuimriKut itn MniuittHi hui rect^ncikd vUh Su' 
fiaylihu .\ini. Tf\ryh<nr agreed to stap all ftafuing ft}r iet\ ytan. during 
wtfich time fiie people *Ht iivr steely, re^tramms fmm ammositits m 
candituni that ui t:iiic anyotit: gtjFS lo MafiiimPiud wutmul his fiua/dmn'T 
ptrmii^iim. ttc wilt send him back t<f therm mid in kuc that iipyoiie af 
Muhiitinuid'sfolloncrx ^rttr lo ihf Qurayth th^- ajU noi srr^i him bark 
to him. Wf wiit not j/itnv hf/Mifit)- onr to anothft txnd ihrrt nifl be no 
thefi or tteufhi-iy. He yhti wishes so enter into a trcvenum and agree- 
ment tvtih hiuhaiiiJitad tnay do K} iLui he who vishe.% lo enter iitla fl cav- 
vnoni tmd iJgiecnwrU n'i;h Ihe Qurayiti ntaydoso.'" 

The KhurrahcltofWioemermroji hotid and agreemem wjihihe Prapber 
^Bhl, while tianG Bakr cliose ih? Qor^yjih aJid said lo Elic Prophei (|*iih). 
Tou shoiildkeepbacklromusihjsyear, not enter MaJckahaguinst our wills 
As Tor tht next year, wc will Jcjvc ii for you lo spciiU ihrcc nights wilh youi 
Compajiionij- Thereupon, you may hring with you rioihin^ rrore ihao riiicra^ 
wejipon^ und i^word^ in ^he^ihs." 

While ihe Prophet (pbuh) and Suhayi wcrv wiiiing Ihc agrccmciiiH AhG 
Janrf:i| ihn SMhayl ihn 'Amr suddenly showed up in fencFS. having Red to 
Ak Priiphdi (phub), Thi- Pmphetv CotT^panions left und they did no! donhi 
(he eonqucsi of Makkah, for ihcy depended on 3 virion (dream> whieh Ihe 
Prophcl (pbuli) had seen. When il>ey ^w (he Talks for peace ind withdrawal 
taking place imd *hai Uic Prophet fpbuh) hod endured, ihcy A'ca* extremely 
depressed ainiosi to ?ht poini of de^Lh. When Suhayi saw ftbii Jandal. he 
sljij^jed him on the face and gripped hi& collar, sayingf "O Muhauiitiiid, ibc 
issue bervfoen U5 wn?; rcsi>ivcd before ihis mun juiivcd lo you. " He ugrccd. 
Suhayi ptrlled him vioiemly by h'*; ci)h:»r ^nd drcA' him away 10 ^.flnd him 
bnclt [o The Quray.sh. while Abu Jandiil yelk'd with all his >irengih. "O 
Muslims! Am I ii» he seni back 10 the poLyilicisti tP seduce me from my 
iciigion?" ThiA augrneniwl ibe people's ghcf The Pro^t (pbuhj said. 



a dense surtkc which did not [in:vcni i^e Prophet's riHweuionis, liui 
scvwcly covimtii^ Iht movcmciKs oi ihc QuMysh. 'flic Prophcr fpbuhJ 
liurrEL-d lo fhc WiLior Getting to ilie proxiniik! w;itor of BaJr, he sciilcd dowo, 

Al-Hubilb ihnukMtmdhrr ^jiid. "O Miissonger of Alluti. is Wih \\k spiif 
which Allnnhasmspiredymimoccjpy. so ihaTwctiinnoi nic^vc frani iLor 
ii 11 fl mmte.- i>f MraiageiiL of win ^uiU chL- pr^diici rf LonsjIriiTion?" W^en 
Uk' Pmphci iphihk -vind ihm h wiis ii .vuiiiagem uf w^ jud i^onsujmiiufi. 
Af-HiiMh ptJinrtd mil, "Jl isroi j giwxi pWe in sK»pin, i-cius conUnuc iifid 
encamp by The qcaresi wcW of wulcr and m;ifci.' a t-ivicni full of wsHcr. and 
de?;iroy [tu oiiwr wells; lt»en w^ t-in TigM our enemy wlicj will hnvn noihing 
lodnnk. 

ThL' Propliei iphuh) iipnn>v'ed o1" hU cxct^|[ym plan whfch wa-i 
iJiimediurcly carried oui; itic w t-Ik were LJt'iiimcd: a tisrcm wiu amsimetod 
and filled Wuh water fruni whiv;h hii myn Jiili?d ihcir drifting- vct-icii, 

Sa d ihn Muadh i;aid, "O Pri^phet of Alfali, let us miite a but for ymi ro 
siiiy in. having your ridinj: heiisis jiv^Mit: liien wc iviil go nn Hghting ihe 
cneiuy anil it Aliidi granrs u?» vkmiy. ih:ii k tt'h;ii <*£ \^ish: if it is dufeji. 

you i^uuld ride yiMircumeJ^ and £f*tiflci! to Miiriiiiiih lo mir pcdpkMvho are 
\sf\ bchinJ. (or ihL'V love ytiu nv jiiiiLh a,\ wc do. If ihcy kni'w lItjI ynn 
lii'iiuld go lo w:+r ihcy woitld noi hji^e nrm:uncd hclimtL ALliJx will p!(i[ccf 
you witii ihem: Ihey wdl give ynu j^khI advice iiml <trivi^ m ihc cause or 
Allah wirh yttu," The IVoptiei iphuhl prai^d him ami pruyed lo Alljib for 
his ^cMid. Then a irtlEi^i. was biiili far ihe Prnphef tpbnh) and he Maycd iherc; 

Himn^ inijM'd in the mnmine. Ihf Proplict (phihl -law ihi: Qiirayz-h 
approiiching froin ihe 'Aijusiqut dune mm dit: valley, he OKliuinvd. 

nhinU Knri have pnrinned. CAUcih. ,It-y\ro\ iJicirt jhh mt'niing!" 

Whoi^ ihir QLFay\l( seitled diiwn- j nunibcr of ihcm. minting whom whs 
Hakim ihn IN/iim. wem lo iho Proplicfs basin in drink. The Pfoplici (pbuhj 
let [bem ilrink, hut whoeuT Jrnnk of it on lh:u day was !;lain wUh llie 
cxctplion to Hakim who ijitir became a deviwi Mii>)im and ujicd to say, 
when he wis fLf\iil in his oaih. By Hfin Whoreieued inc I'li the Diiy iif Badr." 



- ®- 



Tlw Pji*pTiei (pBuHJ (old him ibi; same wtirdn ilijit he had ^aid To diose 
who hiid ouniL" Ih^Por: him, nainciy, thiii hi: had iioi come lo fighl aaainsl 
diem. He left die Pniphcl (phuhi after scemg bo\^ the Musliias In^led him. 
Whenevcf Ihc pFopfiei (pbulil ImisheJ his ablmioi. ihcy nn artcr liim to 
odliiinrhewmcrhc JmUuiih^diilJiecupcacirdictHlKy hunted m n: iind in 
caw ^ lidu fdl frum !iis hUiid ihey nl^h«lll^ pidi ii up. Ht-nee he reiitmcd in il>o 
Cjiiray^h ,^ayifig. T hiivt been lo Chi^tixw*, CacsEii, and Ncgu* in ihcir 
kiiifdnm^.. bur never Jiaw Tswnafcing 4lllcnghl^p*.^^l^e]lkL'^1l]|^anlmad mnHi^ 
Ms Comparacmi. They w]|| nevor li:iivt hiiti in any c^e. ^ui make up ymir mind* 

The Piiiplwl (phuhi stni Khirish ibn Uni^yyah al-KliLzu'i u> (he 
(^aysh ki Mjkk;jh. anil mnAc lijm riilr one of hi!< cameK calkd 
Ath-Thiriabn icied ihcir nmahlci dtf [t-ison for his coming. However, ihey 
humsiTLinj: ibi: Prophei'^i Ciimcl und wck nbcKii lo s!uy ihc manH bui [he 
bJacks prctecicd him and rek-Lscd Jiim, so ifaiii he letumcd safely tu the 
;^pbei rpt>uh). 

Aftcrwani^ when the Pn>phe[ ipbuhj ^uminijne.d t'mar to convey rht 
samt incssagc: lo Makkdh. 'tJniar [old hmt tic fch diuL ibiiy would kill huiin 
especially no one froTit Bjihu 'Adiyy ibn Ka'b x^au in Matdcah lo deicud 
him, iuid ihe Quruy^h were aware t^f his animosity and r^ldl;m^^^ towards 
Ihem. Ho recommended thai \k should dispmch a man who was dearer Lu 
ihem than himsell imd he named Liihniyn ihu Affan. Tht* Prophci ipbuhJ 
ifini "Udiniiin u» Abfl Siifyan and its ei:lchriiii.'> of ihc Qu:!^y^h lo mlonn 
ihem [hiii he had nol come ft>r war but only as a visitor [n Ihc Inviiilublc 
House and u> glorify its sanclily. 

As hf wjLs .ihtiuT ro enter M;ikkiih, I ilimfm mei Abuu ibn Sa'Td 
ittoul-'As wha drove hrm in fronl of him. He further provided him with 
proieciLon uniil he leponett the PiupheiS message to them. After stating the 
whole message, ihcy ioad to hiiH, "If you wish lo eirctiniumbulaic Ihc 
Hthisc.doio/ He i^n^^*ered Ihar he would no! until the Messenger of Alloh 
(phiihi could :dso do so. The Qur:iy^h imprisoned him aad the Propliei 
Ipbuh) und the MuNhms were told ihiiE ' fihmSn had been slain. 

The Willing Covenant 

ibrtlsfiflq Jiidd that AbdiilUh ibn Abi Bakr told him thai when ji rcyeht\l 
ihe PropliCL i,phuLi) ihiJi 'Uihman had been fciljed. he siud uiai [hey would 



V0CI ijp. hence, und c:ill tor your puti wi[h ihcm mid iht killing of your 

broihcr." ArnirycMcd, ''Aksroi'Anv! Aliis for'Amr?" Wur wji,\ sTira-ti u^>. 
"4l wtre jnfufiawdf ilie pciijiic field ^tl:Jdfa.^l[y lo iiaiw evil L;aasc. whUc 
■UibjJi'kDdv-icp.waKlefi unhtiitkA 

AT-AswaJ ibn 'AbJel'AsHii al-MukhzOmT. a ficrt'c bad-renpered min, 
sieppgd oul swciirin^, "I swear hy ANah t'lni i wiJl surely drink from Uicir 

^tem or denn»Hsh il or die befnrc reaching U." H^rriz.ah if>n 
'AhdcI'Muualib en^^gcd wiih h;m, and Mnict him, sending his [™i wiih 

■jM|r*Yrhis^himkllym*?, Ik fulJ iai his back and Ins Iboi wassue^uninE wiih 
blocHi towards hiiv friends. He scrambled in (he dsicm oiid ihrtw liim.sclf 
iiimingfofulfi] hiiiKiih, hm iviihanoiliwbfow [JaniZiih kilkd him in iticcisicm. 

*Ulbah ibn RyhijtJi came oui hetw*;en ln> wm Al Wulitl iind his brcuhcr 
Shiiybah. from [he hncs of ihi: Quray^h and ^:dkd for u duel wiih the 
Mii^lmLs. ihree yotm^ men of the Angar stwd acninsl him: Wwf and 
Mu'^awwjdh liie si>ns of AiyirUh and 'Abdullah ibn RniwabiiJi- Whtn the 
Qiiraysh knc^. ihul they were from ihc An^St, ihcy ^aiJ ihcy had tioihjng to 
do with i^itfiti ThcR-aficr orw of them hcrjldrJ, "O Muhjmuiudl Lci our 
cquab. of our people come aEJinsi us!" Jht PmriKri fpbuh} *:aia. 'CiJiM «t 
(J ' Ulkniiah ihiitiHanjfi. c/imi' iin. O HawM. iiiitl i'tjinc vri 'M' 

Coming cfoser lo Ihtrm, ihe Qnraysh awted, "Wti(i fire yftiT"*" AFier c:i^h 
had miriJdtitcd hiniiclf, dwy said. "Vc^, our equals and nK>ni honordble." 
'libaydah. their clJe>^, dueled wiih 'Utboh ibn RaSTiih while MainzaTi wcaJ 
i^m^t Shayhih ihn R;ihr,ih und A!? againsi Al-Walid ibn X'thali. \\ wis 
lioTlonp before Manizali kiiled Sli4iyt>ah and AIT killed Al-WalTd. Smking 
Ciuli i>ilK:r. 'tJiKjyduh iuiil 'U[biih were wriuusly wounded. Then Jiyi^^ali 
and "Afl airiick "Utbiih with ihcir swords und ^liiin him. They tamed ilicii 
fiiead ba*:t li> hi* peopJe. 

Tht iwj pmici. moved forwarJ doj^cr locrtLh nihcr The Pniphei (pbulij 
had comoiiirnied his ComponicTns noi lo aiLat'k unlif he gave Ihc order, und if 
Ihey were encircled hy i\\e enemy. They were to re*ri*Ht Tbom xvirh shtiwers of 
arrows, He him^lf remained in Ihc hm wUli Abil BaLr, The balile of Badr 
lookpbeeon Friday niommgnn the seventh of RamadAn, 

The Prnpliei ipbah) sirjiighlcned ihe lines and Ihen again stiyed in ilie 
hui wiih Abu Bakr. Tk> Prr^phe; ipbuhj \was appiialing lo AJJah for the 



orik-re J liieiii io s:iy. 'U> ask Altnh j /o^^ivfnwj u^d h.- repeKT to Him. " Afier 
they had done sn, he sajd» "fl> j4Wf;ft. ;/»j h rhe (iamg> 'f-'nrgivf as' which wot 

ordamcd i!ii ilir^ Cftiiilnf/t oj itnif/^ hui thpy diiS not say iL" 

The Piopliet fpbuh) ^uvc vtjkrs tt\ iravcl lowjrds ihe right, ilirou^ salty 
growih, on iJic May IcaUmg lo llje spot of Thaniyyai al-MurSr «nio the sliipc 
of Al-HiiiJiiyhiyu!i bclo* Maikah. 

■'Whenihctavalt>'ofthe0^ray.'^hnmiced the dj^i of [he Muslims" forces 
and ihji ihL7 tiail j^cncd ihcm. ihcy galiopwl back lo ibeir Qumyi^h, WJicn 
Ihc Prophet fpbuli) tcdthcd Thaniyyai af-Murfir, his shi:c;iiiic] kncJl down. 
The mpn believed Lhui U wguld om gti up. The Prophet (pbiih| tomincnicd. 

"// Jm.ff mWr tteen xtuhhtini. m rV « nat ify naUiff. h\tr it hm been yvitls- 
iiefJ by n/uti resirained tlw eirphtv\J Jrcm Miikkuh. Jmtay I nliiiU accept 
Kkatever plan ihroitfih which the Qaraxsh o.*t nvr to iitmjinii kiiidiffJ 

Then he lold the pcopk (o descend. They hf.sjiciicd ai Hrsi, for Uitnj was 
no water a( ubich They coiiW ^lop Thu^, ihe PropheT iphuhj tuok an arrow 
from his quiver and gave n Ui one of bi^ Compiinjons lo prtnl in the inidi[k' 
of a Miller hole. The wmer ihereaficr gushed oui uniil Lhc men and lUeir 
camels had dmnk wihcir fiU. They cicmtiped there. 

While lhc Prophet (pbuh) was ^fayinE there, Bud^l ibn Warqfl' 
al-Khui^ai uitme with st>nK; men of ihc Khuia'^h asking him abotil lhc 
reason for his coming. He lolii i];em Ihm il wa^ noi for war bui lo visit and 
vcnciaie Ihe Sanctuary. Then ht repealed what hi? had said ^o Bishr ibn 
Sufy3n- When ihcy tonvcyed tii^ words lo Ihc Qurjysfi. liicy siJspecicd Ehetn 
and weic rude tiMhcm, saying, "Even if lie h noi uoming Un vv^r. by Allah, 
he ^hal) never enter it agamEt qui desire, nor shall ihe Arabs ever uiier thai 

we have accepted il." 

The KhuTaah tribe, Muslims and polythcii;is. were tonftdnni-i of the 
ProplieL alwrtvs keeping him informed of evcrythini? that u.iji laking place 
in M;ikkah. When the Prophet tpbuh) s^w Mikras ihn Hafs ibnul-Akhyaf 
wht> was sent by the Qura>sh- he Tiaid. "ffti.T u a irfaiherou.K nuwr When he 
approached and ^poke to hiniH he answered him *iih the same words as he 
hod said lu Budayi and hjs co/npanionii- Mikras relumed to Ihe Quraysh 
ivpttning what tin: Piopbci ifbuh) bad said. 



aiiioij^ ihe corpses, Ibn Mnf Gd i;u! off his head and hrouphi it to ilie 
Ffophcl (pbuh} saymy. "Here is rhi^ tnjinl of iht- cnirniy of AJ!;ih, AiiO Ja!il." 
He WiiU. "iiy AUiih ath^r ihm Wb&n ihi're is rro ^tuL is ]/?" "Yes," Jbn Nb'i^iid 
said. IhfowinE his heiid tvUirc ilie Mc.^seciger of AJJali ipbuhl, whd Tlien 
pidfstil ADiih ihc Almighiy, 

WUtn rhc Pn>|ihi^[ jphuhi ^ojnmimdcd thai ihc corpses should he iill casE 

which had >viclltd ^^'!^hl^ hjiomior lo ihc cxum Jhai i^ JlJJcd U, When ihcy 
irifld 10 Onirrj tils t'oqi^e, H disiniegritied, ao )hcj IcH ii whctc ji wua und 
h£iipi?dcnnh [ind slcmev nti ii. 

AlW ihrowing the corpus ii^n [he pit- the Cnn^anions hcurd ihc 
Prophci tpbuh^ fli raidnighl ^Laying, "O fie^rplti tr/tfiepit. Utbah ihn rtah!aH. 
Sha\h*iff itfi Htihi'ah. Umty\ah \hit Khtiitif. Aby^ Jt^il ■ anil he Counied tiiir Ihnse 
in rl>C i>iL ' hut'c yyKtfiiand tn/f wlai your U^wUiail prwni-wii XYfU. for HitiiY r^i- 
ilt-cii jiwu! irat k/«H my Lord futii pr^mustti im''" Ki.^ Companions said- "O' 
Messenger of Alliih. arc you miking lo ihc dfiidV" He i,ajd. ^Thry can hrar mc 
niortf thim ymi trui tliey roniuJt a/j^i^er. ~ 

AficrwardsUic Prophci ipbuhl ordcrol lo bring logtltieraJl ihc sptiiN of 
wur {\iM had hcen colkciL\f in [he camp. ■!"l>c MuivTiins disputed over Them. 
Tbe group whitlj h*[J ujjkttcd ilicni dmughi Lht'y were [Jieir^; ihc warriors 
who pursued ihc cni:my cliiimed dijii Uicy wcfc Ihc cause foT gcuiii^ tlicm; 
while ihc gUiirdi wlio tsforlcJ the Prophci (phvihl lo tkfend him from ilic 
enemy. dainKd thcii iht-y had \^Hnied lo tiiJiLci fht- ■.ptiik hiii ihey feared 
rhal ihc enemy mighi reium. so ihcy kepi Ihtir posiiion wiih ihe Praphei 

Then ihe Prophtt ipbuhl dispiikhcd "AbdiillJh ihn Raw^iiiih with the 
ncw,sofviciarj'lo die people of Upper MiidTnah, andZ^iyd jbn Hiiriihah ro 
die people cjf Lnwc: Mudmah- Tl»i?n ihu Prophei jpbuhi beg;in bij. joumey 
hiii^k 10 MjtlTn Lib with rhc disbelieving enpiives. among wiiom wttt 'L'qbiih 
ibH,AbiMu'lliuldA^.-^^^iir,ibuu^li^iIilh- 

then ihi? Prophci iphuh^ arfvajteed iinlil he rcacbcd ihc puss of A£-SarriV 
whtte lie sioppcJ tm the ^onct hdl heiwccD she pavi und .\n-N;\/iyyh where 
he equally dividtd ihc ^;pcili whjth Alliih h.ui yr^iilcd lo lit Mu.s]iiuv He 
iTifvcled 111 Ar-Ra-fth.V where the Muslinjs L'lmgRiLufaied him anJ ihe 



scfKiraic ilwm. w Tlicy lived lofn^iTicr as Muslim and disheliever. \\ty\\\ Ihe 
Pri>plioE lpbuh)cmrgnjied. Ahiil- A&jnmed ihcQuraysh on rhe Dp3' nfBiidr 
bui ht- u'u-s 5eiKcd axnon^ [i\e capuves and laken [o Madin^ \v\\\i ii\c 
Praphci ipbiiKl. Whiirt fhe Quray^h seni ro rccteem iheir pn^oncrs, ZJynab 
scrn money lo ransom hor hnsbiind iind ihe moTie) itii-'UnlcJ .» necklace 
Which hLT mintiLT, Khuciijaii. Iiad ^iven ht-r on fier wedding. When ihe 
PfopfiKi (pbuli) ^w ihi: ni:i.kbct hi* TcchM^N Ix-ciime gRatly tendtr anti he 

said iW lu> Ciiiiipanii>ns>. V;<*(' »">"/'' 'A/'/i '/w' >"i' »r/ furrraplivc hu.\haiid 
fivetind repiiv hrrm/Mi^y. do w-' Thcyatcepwd iinddid so. 

Thais, Abul-'Aa lived in Makkuh. while Zjiynuh lived in Mfldinjili vsiih 
tht Mt'sscngef of Albh (pbuhV Ahul-' At «cm kj Syria as u merL-hsini itith 
hi.s weaitli and thj« which ihe Qurayili had entru^iri^d hhm wiih, as lie ftas a 
retiahk rnan, On lli^ ^vjy back, he wa^ aliatikcd hy a Mu-'lim mid w^hich 
luoi iui nicrchundisc. but he rHiuiascd lo run jwyy. Wht:n Ific raiders weni 
away with their booiy. Ahul-As wem lo Zaypah's house in [he nighu 
seeking tier priJiccuofms wolJ.j-sificreium of his propenj'. 

While iht PropTivi fpbuh) wiili the MtisliTtis was pcrfonnin": [hf mornins 
pruycr. Zaynuh tnecj trui froni aiiione the women. "O pcopfc. I have given 
pfi7li»:lioii to ALmI-'A^ ibiiiif-Riibi' ." Afler die prayci- iLic Prophci fpbuh) 
niadc suic lh.Li ihc people had hcLird Zaynab's declaration and added, "^v 
Him in V^'himr hands n Shihanmiui'!. .■s/t'ii. I had hmii-n nfrhing {ehotit ihr mttttcrj 
ivftvc lirarin^ i%'iurr ytm hine hcur^. The Muslims i-ti'i priUfi-t wharver is tower 
ihon flufm.' Hi^ afterward headed for his daughter and said to her, "MnU f'l.i 
.•tray cotnfiftruhfp. hiif tfn ntr ht b\m ttmrhyou, sincf ytia nrp iwi /my fuf for him." 

According :o AftJullIdi ihii Abi Bakr, the Prtiphti (pbuh} ^nt to ihu^c 

who raided Abul-As saying. ~Vm ina» ha yj* knii\A- is oar reUitivt:. and you 
iuxvf itikrti hi.^ pnipt'nv i{ yitu tJtiti I'hariUihW wt imd ttriWrt hint hw pirtpi-rty, wv 
iikf.yttu ra. i/rmr. ir is a binnv it'hrcti Alhh Ittis bestowed tm yoit, ami you iiitw tin: 
kriirr rif'tu ui a." Thty t^pitsMfji ihcir will Lo fciiim ii.Thcy were ><> ktcn Ln 
rcMore t^veryihin^ and mit lo wilhhoJd uirvihin^. Abul-A^ ^'cni Ii> Mukkdi 
lo pay all ihc doc^i lo lb? Qurjiysh. making sure Ihil no ont; h:id uny furlhor 

claim on him. "No." ihey y^Jud. "May Aduh rcwurd you: you ha\t hccn htith 
hoflcsr and gcnertmi." Therefore", :;aid he, "I l>ear wiincs*i Ihfli ihcrc i^ no 
god hui Alluh ard [hat Muhamniiid ls His Scr^uni and His Me^^nger. By 
AlJ;ih. i»L>ihm£ deUyed me liom ciribnicing i^lum but (hat 1 TeDxcd you 



Abu Bab said. "Yes. by Allah, Huve thai Allah should forgive mc!" He 
returned lo Jvs cusinni of linancially suppomng Mislah. wjying "1 will never 
prcvcDi ii from him. " 



SiifyAn re[urnL-ti lu Mnkkah a\<tng with the vanqui^h^il Qurayshi^ frnm 
BiiJr, he vowed ihjii he would m>[ halhe from liexuaf interoi^m-je'^' uniil lit? 
hull invaded ilic^ PrfipheKpbolri. Thereupon, he moved oil' wiibiwohumirfd 
Quruy.vhFii (o Lxtvuit; his plcil^e. He look :hc Niijdiyyidi rourc ;Lnd huMcd al 
■an inJci of a caDu! to ibc Tbii>h mounuiii. mile* fion] Miidindlt NighiTy be 
scl Tcirlh 10 Eun6 Aii-Nudir hiradcng t'j^r Huvavy ihn Akhiuh. Knocking nn 
hie liiHir. Uuyuvy "^lis f^urcd Lo optin (he door, mj Ahi'i i>\it'v:1n wvni lo 
Snllam ^bn Mishbim, iTic chief arRanii An-Nadir and keeper Ol llicir public 
wcallh, Salii'im hoMed and ucqujinicd him with stt'reis jhotif [he Mtu'ilimji. 
Buck la his ccimrmles at <hi! t^nd af ihc nighi, AHu Sulyan seni 'wrne 
Qufayshis Uj Madin^h- In a place called Ai-'Ur.-jytl. ihcy wl firc To a buQch 
■jgif palm-rrtcs and kiikd j man from Ihe An^iar wiih lii^ liIIn wiiflc wo/kmg 
in ilio JlcJdv Pui'pic kiiCA atiout Uiuir*. ^[j ihc Fruphi^i (pbuliJ pursued ihcin> 
leaving hi> pfact Ir Madimih in Bii-;hir ibn 'Abdct-Mimdhir. Hl- rcuL'htJd 
QnM|[]miul-KLidr l^i i^rumtrd hnrausE Ahu Su{)rkfi :iF>d hi", gioup lud 
escaped. They found thui ihe raidcj^ liuil dLscardcd sontc of ihcir iierns in 

iJw? fields 10 Ifghiuinhcir IojkI so ihey cuuld am swiftly. On Ihciriviiim, ihe 
Muslims asked tht: Prophu jpbuh), "O Musscngiir of Alhih, do you ihink 
Ihai ihfs will be counted ilo AMuhl for us iis an invasion'.'" "Yes", he 
answeicd. 

The Invasion of Dhu Amarr 

Aiict Hie Ari-Suivjq inviisimi. ihc l^iplici Iphuh) rcniaijicd in Madiriiih 
fnr nearly ;he re^i of Uhul-Hiiiiili' J^d ihcn he sei fonh i*i >JajtI, Riming at 
GhnUifiln. This wxs [he Inviivion nf Dhu Amarr. Spending nearly all ihc 
nionih o-f SafiU" ^n Najd he vicni baek to Mjdirtuh wiihoui any ftghling. He 
stayed in MaJinah ^iniusi iM tlic ith>tjlJi of R^bVuJ-A^^wid. 

The Invasion of Al-Furu' ofBahran 

PiiUmg Jhn Umm Matrilm in chaise of Madinah, ihc Prrfiiicl (ptiuhl 
weni ouf for Ihc Oo!uy^h reaching Ha|jrjn. a mmc m AhFufu' jn :he Pfijaz. 
He spent (wit moiEhs litciL' iiica ivliiniL^J Ui Mcii]in4]h wtthuill Tighlin^. 



nor. By Alhh. I conHtfcrcd myself ion in*;igniricanr anii mVial ihai Alidh 
would icvciil Qiir'anii: vctsc^ ah[iu[ rue To he reciltd in ihc mosque.t am! 
piavcf^. Yui, 1 hopL-J ihat lliL- Messenger of Alliih wouFd 'vet a vision m his 
sJcqt bv v^hich AIJaTi wuuld Iret me from !^n;h u iJc. for He knows !ibou( my 
innocence, or tliiii llicre witLild be Mtm; son of rcpon. Tw send down some 
OiirVinn- wr^k iboul nic. by Albh. I believe^! thm I wiLS ino insjpiilicanl 
for [hal. 

Tummg to my parenrs, 1 osked [hem, 'Why do you m»i uivswcr Ihe 
Me^vetigcf iif Albh? rhi?y siud. 'Qy Alhili, *«? dn not know *hji to answer 
Mm?' By A!Uh. f hjve never known u household which enduiL^d miiL'b ;is 
ihaiofAbJ BJknJidmlho^dayv When [hoy did noTcommeni. J broke oui 
in rears again ^uymji. 'I witi mrvcr rcpeni lo Adah <3f V.U-M you hirvc :^ajd By 
Alhh. I know ihar in case I Jidmiltcd whia was ^iiid of nw. aMc Adah 
knows iivu I am innoccai of h. {\\en I wouki be saving someilimg v» Mich dtd 
mi[ (itcur- and iotiisc [ refiiicd whai ilicy vuid. you would no[ beUevc me." J 
Iricd In remember Ihc nimc ur Ya'ijfib hui could Titrt, so I said, TJui [ wi|] 
say whai Yfisur*, f^rher ^ai^. 

^St/ (/"y "ipf I'iiiii^HT is most Jitrinj^. Ami a t.% Mlait {AlOaeyWhime htip 
i%i he s^iilfiqsamM that ii7i»A ye\i asten. ^ 

fYfi^un 18) 

And by Allah, die Prophet (pbtihi was ^Tid in his p|?cc ^^'hen j revelnrion 
Lame Lo him from Allah. He wui wriijipcd j^ hs labc, whciuas [ pin a: 
leather pi llnw under hi*; head. When I saw ihis, 1 *|id nol fuel frighlL^ncd. as 1 
was sun; of my innoceflei? iind thai A!lah tCknificd ;.nd Esalted be He) 
would nover be unjusi ta nit'. A'i lor m> purenr.^H by Whom 'A'ishah's soul iir 
in His Hands, mice iTie hf^hci (pbuh) tetovctcd I Ihought iriai rliuy wi^ yE>oui 
[0 [iic of fear tfiai Ad^h wotild confirm whai \vm\ been sjiid. Tlien ihe Poipliei 
(pbuhl recovered, sal uprigtn, and liegaii fo wipe Oui swca[ which were Like 
winicr drO|ft of waicr failing ffOin h\% brow; he said- flr of ^otxl ehet^r, 
^XlshahrAHahhfu^f^iJmvnyvurmqttiiuti: [ said. 'Prut-ic bc to Adah/ 

He Weill loihe peoplt and spoke to Ihcm, recifing [he Qufanlc vpreei whTch 
.Adah had levelled lo hrm contrciniiig llic i^>uc. Afierward?.. lie Loninuiaded 
th:ii MivtalL ibn LdiadTah, Haj^win il>n ThSbi:. and Haninjjh the dauehtcr of 
JaistiaheinosLcjpfess slanderers be tlnggcd wiTh rise ordained 'iinpL's.'- 



rh^m. VnTJiy. Athih yjufc nr*; thfl%g peojitf w/w tire ftie Zaiiimm (paf- 
ythtfixta tiiut n-rt)rtg-d//ijr:t unit niij\att. Aitt! yfm xee ttto.v irt ii hr^sc hnif1.\ 
tisete is- a diseusi^ taf fiypticrisyt. they twrry Uf sH^ir Jnendshiti Mtying.- 
'"Wf fear lest iomv ivi.ififrtuiie t'f tutisrisii-r iJiny hn/alf us.' Perfiopi AtlaH 
muy hritjfi it vit:u>rv or n Jmsiim aci-anlmg to Hi.t Will Then t/iey >L'Ut 
hecimi^ rt-i'retfut /or nhat th^ haw fcrtir tiepiny At h ^t^iret in ih^m- 
sehtv. AjuJ ititnf \vho luflifiv uiH yiiy^ ^Artf thrv ihir mfn (hyiH/crlrrs) 
H-htmi^irt tlttrir ainmxesr imitis hvAlftih....' ^. 

Then tlic ^tors" ^^s nifniiom.'d ro AIT,ih's wiyjflg. 

4 Vrrlty^ vinir Wufi (Pr.imfir i>r )4clpcri i.f Mlah. His Xtejs^ngcr. aiid 
liie Mu-iers. ' ^inse whv jteff'trm Aa-S/iiiil Ifif^maiits-Sutfil). and fjivt 
i^kiit, niiii ificy: lum livjin tsuhinii iht-midsei wilti ttiiedtence iifAlhiit in 

{AJ'Maidah: 51-551' 

And, on 'IThidith's ^iitiluclr of lading AilJih, Hi-; Mestcngcr, and (hose who 
had Ivlicvcd us ptoicaors and acquiUing iiis allant'e and paironagc wiih 
Banu Qjiynuti6\ Alhh i he Almighty revealed- 

^A/ui nliPiitcver tiikci AUuit. Hii Mesjceiigtr. aad ikose ivho have bf- 
^ipvrd axPiweafirs. tht'inh^ parry of Allish wilt be ihe vsi-iortovs.^ 

(Al-MS'id:ih: 56) 

The Expedition of Zayd ibn H^riihah 
to Al-Qaradati Across the Waters of Najd 

The Quraydi wtre afraid (o pursue ihcir usuaJ road lo Syrjj affcr the 
Batde af Badr, ^lo Uii?y look Ihe road lo Iraq. Soma of ifiL-ir irjultisnicn weni 
oui. intrluding Ahfi Sufy5n. canying a large amoum of ?iilvtr whrdi 
consiimiiid aiosi of Lheir trade They appvimfi^d Furdt ibn iiayySji Frtim BanD 
£&iki ibn Wail ai a guide io rhjt rouLe, Ai once cbc PropheT Ipbuht seni 
Eayd, who interccpied ihcm by liit watenng plyct of Nojii ;ind capiured ihe 
;:aiavan wnh us goods, hiii ihc men fled. He bfoughi ihe booiy lo iho 
Piophci ipbuhj- 



(^ 



On out iitTival Qi M;idinah- \ Icit very i)l, so I heaid nothing iiboul il. The 
rcp<iri had rciitiicu uw ntipiici ^pMili} amJ m> p;irci\ls, hm Ehcy conL'eulcd 
Ihc mancr from mc. Ya f losi the Piophci'i u-suat tintlnc.ss lo nic, as Wtien I 
was iji he uskI lo be coiiips^skiiwic lo me. hui ^ti ihii time he wj^ noi 

atrenlrve io mc. When he viuic*I me. whik m> mathct'"was picsoni lu lakc 
care of me. he sai J no more iJian. 'Wrm- u v/ir '^ Thu.'* 1 feJi sad and i^itdd him. 
wh[!!i I found fiis [Ktd\^^ aiuiucte. '0 Mes^ngcr of AFIah. wyM y«u 
pcnnil mc to go iti my raodter so thai ilie muld nurse racr 'Oj^; he said. I 
nHJvcd lo my moilicr's unaware af whhi was faking place unril almost 
twcniy dayi had pasicl \vhen f recovered ffom my illrew. Wc Arab^ did 
noi use; die uaicr closcL'* u-sal in Eht; Jiouses ol" rhe acm-Ambs, liLsEead we 
ii!»cd to go ou,i irni> Ihc open yards af Madinah, Fof women ihty used lo ^i> 
there At nighl. H) one nighl T wonr in the ctinipany of Umoi Mhlah the 
daugblcr of Abfl Ruhm thnuEMmaUb ibn Ahd Man-if. \s, ux- were 
strolhng. ilie falttitd over her robe and cried mil. "May Mimh floundt^rr I 
said, Thar U a bad ihing H> say about & man of :he Muhijirun wlio 
witnessed Badr." She wondered. Do you noi fcrmw Ihe n^w^. (} daughter of 
AbO Baks'r ] said. 'Whai is it''" She kepi on relating whai the shndercr^ hud 
said, and wJicn I cxprc^j^d my amaMmcm, she assured me Ihui alJ sht^ said 
had raally happened. 

By Allah. I cuuld run even do what [ was snpposi^d lo do and relumed 
cryjng inccssanUy uaiil T fdl iis if m> liver would hun^l. TiaiJ to my mother. 
'M^y Allah forgive youl People were speaking ill of mc and yon ircnlioncil 
noihing of \l' Slw an^^^e^ed. "My Vm\s daughter. di> noi exaggerate die 
mailer Rarely i^ Ihen: a praiiy woman miinicd lo. a bving man, while 
having rival wi vt>. and nrmors citculaie around her.' 

The Pfophci [pbuh) delivered a spwch which \ was unaware of. After 
ptaibing AlJiihbesaid. 

'O peop/ir, thtre are men who i)avtf huit me by saving faite rhin^^ ahaHr 
my wife. Hy Mtah, i kniii\- ntfthmv: tmr gitod iif her. and thtysp^nk \itih 
(hinfi'i aliuiif a lu/ia of \vUm\. by A Unh, I hum- only xf^tui who never 
jioe,\ M any *ffm\ tumscs hin wii/i me.' 



"Kc-^'uStai \ii Ibn Hl^hiri. lictminew'MZA;}<iiBhr ilKdALLghlCf pfMM DahrfAn. 



-CiE)- 



'AhUuUnh ihn L^^avy ihn S'AiX\ ^upportcfi tho Prophet's iphuh) opinion, 
noi 10 eo nui lo Hglii ihem. The IVophoi tpbuti i did roi liko lo fighf nur^ide 
MjtUnah. but some Miislims wlmm AlJah lionnred wilh miinytikmi at l.-i]uJ 
and <^ihcrs who di<i n^^ iiti^nd liiidr ^uiil, "O ML-ssengor <>r A^l:iii, lt?[ LE^ gi> 
ffijlh (p uur cncinifs, oiIunssim; llic)' will Ehink eItji ^<; iirc cowmJs umj 
wcjik lo lighi iWni." Ibn Swiul siiid. "0 Messenger of Allah, slay in 
M^iilinali. :inJ Jii nuT lum lo ihejTi- II W.k never been ihji wfi "A^tifH forth lo 
fi^rhL an enemy hm wc have b^en ddcJicd, :ir[d norii: has come here agiunsi 
us but have l>een viinquished. Thus kuvG [hem in \hc\i plate. If Uiey >uy. il 
will he i\k vvorsi cnianglcineni. v-hilc if Ihry cnlcr WadlDah, men uill fi^hl 
ihtni. winTicn and chiTdrcn wiTT hurl rhcni with sion« Trom ihc stalls, jnd if 
ihcy leireai, |li*;y will be Iccliflg disappomkd as ilie> tarne," 

Willi ihe peisisienie ^if Ihosie who s^crc t'ligcr la righi ihc Qurny*ih, ]he 

Prophei (phubi *erii tmo his liou^ anil wa,s annoa\!. Thai wjis on hriiJay 
after pjayi^r. On Ihai day. Malik ibn Ainr i^T Ihc An^flr fawn Banil 
An-Nujjar diecL Afttr ofTcrrng pruyur over ihe dead An^nnrk ihc Prophet 
Iphuhl hc:iJ{?d h^7 wir. Meimwhik', iht.' people blamed ihemtelves the 
pressing an (he Pmphtl (pbuhJ (<> flghl againihC hJK will, which ih*y had no 
fi^hy iLt Jo, so when he tanit: oiu lo rlvcrri ilicy admiittd ihui if he wished lo 
"istty ill Madinah Ihty would noi fippose him. The Pnrphi:! (pbuh) ivnuirkcd. 
"it h 11/3/ iipjfnipnaif' for ti Fnt/ihtrr ^viw hir pt'i -w ha nmu'i to uikr ii I'ff imfit he 
hciA fim^hf " He sci Jorl.h wiih a ihau.saiKl ol hi> t oinpanioniv, uniil Itiev 
TCilthv^l A,sh-ShusV'[ bciWL-cn Madinuh jihI L'hud, where AlHlLilJiih ibn 
IJbay) scccds^d witli a ihird of il^c ^arriuja, buying, "He iiliv Prophci) has 
ohcyryl rhem ;iiid disobeyed me. We do qo[ know why wc sht'oUJ ItM 

So he wiibdrew \n"th hti folToiA^rS ^^fho were tiypocriWiv anJ douliTer^. 
"Abduiiaii ibn 'Amr ihn Harilm roih>wcd ihem raying. "O people, l besetch 
you by Allah noi lo (brsake yoiir pi."i>pli- and yuui Prophei while Eht enemy 
is nearhy" They answered "U there sh^iuld be a rigbl we would noi 
relinquish bur wc do not ihink ihar then; will be a ^ar, " When iliey pcrs^sied 

on wilhdtiiwal. Tie !i;aid. May Allah dcpOFi ytiu. you eneniics of Allah, for 
ALEzdi will jiiiikf Hih Pruphei dispcnriab^e nf you." On ihai dity ihe Aosfir 
usiied, "O Mc^iiengef flf Allah, should we not seek ihe ^lLppoTl of tjur JewJ^ih 
flllEs'.'" He ^yd^'Wt hiivf nn nt^t-'ii nf th/'in." 



- CS>.— 



ifmieihiti! ht-rifr ihn^i ttuir'' She snjd. Whm is it. O Messenger of AMahT He 
xplnm. 7 Mtifjufiil ytiur iL'bt tiiul nmrrv \tni." She said yes and rhey were 
^mairioiL Wlien ihc people liciud ihai ihi- Pfophci (pbuh) had miitried 
Juwuyfijuii. Biuia -M-MviMuliq btciimc Uir Pruphei's rcUiivcs by inamagc, 
so fhcy emancipate! Oiosc ilicy lit-ld, Kcncc. u himitrtd rucniric.-. were «ii 
free by this [riamage. 1 have never known ,i womrin who so gn-ar ;i blcs^^iny 

.10 her pcop^ itum site wa^, " 

FrtJTrt Yiii^Td ibn ROmfin. ihe Propfiei fi^uTil dispaJched AI-WjiJj ibn 
*Lfqha!i rbn Abi Mu ayi to \Ue\x\ iiricr dicy liad embraced Mjin When Lhey 
heard ih:t[ he Wiis coming, ihny vvcm out Hv m^t him, but when he knew 
ihai ihcy were commg. he becanie frghtcned so he relumed lo ihc Prophei 
iphuii) Idling hjm LJia[ Uiey were going lo kill hini and ihui hjJ defined 
Jtnlr alms. Thv Muslims were iridulged in inlk lo itivadc ihctn until the 
Pruphei rpbuh) hirruscJf wjls nboui lo do so, in the tmddle iif ihis. ^ 
riclceiHion *>l" ilitiri went lo ific Prqphtf[ (ptnih) saying. "O Mt:.s^cngcr (tf 
Allali. w-^ tieonJ of your envoy wln^n you sen!, so wc went out Ti> honor htm 
and U) pay due ;ilnb, Txjt he iumed bnck as rupidly as Iw could. Then we 
were Told thai he ullegerfiliai wc imended lu ,vlay liim, By Allah, we did not 
come oj[ Jot (hat " So AIM sent down on Ihis inejdent. 

4P ypu tvhit hdievt! Ij ei r<-httht>iix evil person vomcs to \tni wiih a 
rmex, xfFifK- it, /eii ytm fuim ffrnpftr in ifrnomni-f. mil d/fc^Hrrfr ymi 
bccoiw fi-iimfulkt iituu vtni tnj:v ihnt'. Ami knoiv rJini. timiifm \vu there 
lA rftf S1<:sien^frtifA\tiih Ili\ir Hire to nf/t^ ivii fi.f. /titloiy Viftir tfjirimns. 
itiii/ JefiresJ in iiiirr/t vfihc maiier. yaii voiifd irireVv be fn.rtVfitifr^ k 

f AT-Hujurai: fi-7) 

The Prophel fpbuhl advanced in his jounjty unril he dpprxKichhjd 
M:n)inah, A'jshali wds with him nhcn the liars bmufihl ri^hdit-slandtsr. 

The Slander during the Raid 
on Eanu Al-Muiiallq, 6 AH 

"A'rshah (may Alliih be pJc:t^ed \siih her) s^il "Whenever ilie ]'wpi^K^ 
(pbu[;i wanted lo ^( out ^ jnufiicy. he u^wd lo draw lots between hi* w.ivtfs. 



show pride ;il v^ht. Whenever hi- uoa- ^ red hand around his homl. people 
kntw [ha( he was euiiiy m llplii. Whi^i] Ix; rm^k the sword from die Prcpliei 
tphuhv lie birndL-d his licud and Mimcil K^ :iiml up and down btiwccu Llae 
rftnks. Waiuhing him, iHl- Pruphcl (pUih) jaid. Tiiia is a tnmt titai Allah de- 
tests except ill surh sirutjuan He- var in the vaastt t^J^tahi. ' 

Abfl SUTvfln ^'M %t> (he sUndnrd beiirer.'i orBanO 'Abdnd-Dilr. ^^ptimng 
Ihem lo war "O Banu ^/UnIuJ-Dar! Vuu have hecn awiiened u> hear our 
sEarduid on dw Day of BaJr and you Icnow whai has happont'd. The 
,;StaiidaTd is ihc first thing iha* the enemy as-ssils- Shoufd j[ fall, we fall down 
tOOi Therefore, euher you guard ih r.afciv or leave Jt for us. and wc will 
cenaiflly save you thai lasjt " They goi angry ard Thfcalercd him. saying. 
"Do yow w;»nt us lo deliver you our suindard'^ ToinMiTi.™.' when ^^'e will be 
cngugEi! Ill ilic bjult', you wd[ be wiiness \m \y\K deed^." Suth a renLllon Wijs 
whal Ahli Sulyiin had ^limetl ill. 

Wticii i!)t [wu [fjfiics dtcu' tloser Id cin-h mticF, Hind, <he daughter ijf 
'U^bah lending thv Qutushi w^men lapped on tainbdLinnc,^ behind the 
w:irricsr^ Xii rtieiu- Ihi^iii 

On ihc Day ol' Uhud. Ihc Prophci*s Compcmiona used "Kill, killV as a 
sioyim lo eall orw another iherewiiti The people were engjjped in fi^biing 
until Ihe b:jltlc grew ficice. AbO DujSnah Toughr undl h^l-UM'l moved 
forward tlirougli the enemy's rows. He killed whaever sto<}d in his way of 
the enemy. ThcJC uas a nuin ami^ug d^' polyibeisis wlis bu.w with finishing 
off Ihc wounded Mu.^hin,^. During iIh." Qght Al^ DujJkah diew clcftcf [o that 
man; so ihey wca* engaged in cwtnhai, exchanging iwo s»Aord-Mrokes. The 
polyiiieisi Miuck Ahii Duj&nBh. who warded off i be blow wiih his shield. 
AhQ DujSjiiih Mniek hiai and killed lum. Hi* iword hovcjed over the Iwad oi 
Hind, the daughier of Utbah. but he spared \\ from ber.^'' 

li^imzuh ibn ^ Abdd-Mutiilib kcpi on lighiing uniil he s^cw Arja'ah ibn 
"Abd Shun.ljhil ibn H'ishfm ibn 'Abd iManSf ibn " Ahdud-Dilr, one of the 
standard heJiierv When SJba' ihn ■Abdi;l-"U77ii Jil-fihubshani. liubhed Ahil 
NiyJk, passeii by hJni. liarnzah said to hitn. "Come un. you son of a feiTiale 
circumciser.*' 



iuUkiL id kill bun, be ^Iniiikal' II wju u udhuii, I rrfUK^ In bill a viimjn virti \^. InmnrjEilc 



honorable nun aitimig hi.v uibe sa ih? Angir wiirj wltc llitrc sviih tlic 
PftTphci (pbuhj iricd m sympaihiK wiili Ibii Ubayj saying, "O Mciscngtrof 
ANab. Jl may we]) he thai \hc boy jmagintti whar he s.ud and did tioi 

(^member exactly lln? i^ords unef(-d by ihenun." 

Whiinihe Pmphct (pbuh) Wii^; on H< way tack, llsayd ibn Huiayr mer 
him ard greeted him saying, "O Pniphei of Allah, you iuc moving off m a 
bad lime: yoj havf; never Jon? lh-*l befoic." Tlie Prophci <pbuhi said. V/a%r 
yoa not heard of vhar your tt/tapaniim .mid?^ He said. "Whi^h cnmpanicm?" 
The Pmphc[ (pbuh) 5airi, "AhMlah ihn Ubayy." He .said. "What did he say?" 
The Prophet (phublsaid, "fU >tmd ihut if he reiumed lo Mtifiimili. invh^ii ihf 
more /nnwrulrlc would etpei the meimt^r." He answered. "Bul you, O 
Mesicngef nf AlUib, caii c^pel him if you Wish- By AlUh. he is ihe mt-^in 
one and you aiv ihc honorjbk one!" Hi; iidJed, "O Mcsj^nECr of AUiih. he 
kind IP him. for AlJah bnmghl you to us while his people were ubuui lo 
erown him, and he believe slhjit you linvc deprived him of a kingdom/' 

Then ihc Prophet fpbuhl having ihe men with him kcpi on wuJkins" iili 
IhrouBh Ihe day until ibe evening, then ihronghoui rhe nighi unTil \hc 
mommg of Ehe iie?:t day, so \\k sun harasn^-fj iheni Thi^n he slopped to 
alight. Once Ihey were on itie ^n^nnd rhey fell nslccp. He {pbuhj was 
dcUberjUc in doint* this, so as lo (iiveri ^heir ihwglili* fcom iJie affair of 
'AbdLtlJiih ibn Ubayy. 

Then the Prophei ^pbtih) proceeded lo fl watering^taec kfio\sn as Baq'S" 
in Ai'HUi»Z"»liiil'^abi>vi; Al-N^qr. While on IhL'ir journey <Iunng ihe ni^hl, 
a very stiong wirtt hlew w^ch tcmlicd ihcm. Tbe Prophet ipbnb) sooiht^d 
Ibcm. ilcelaring \hM Oii* wind Jeij^njiicd Ihc deaibof one o£|lie gicaiesl of 
Ihc disbelievers. Back m Madlnah. U>cy diseovem^i Thai iht one who had 
died that day *asRi^"flh ibn Zayd ibnUf-TSbOl of Banu QaynuqH\ a grem 
figure among Uie Jcv^s and a sceret haven for ihe hypocriies. 

Allah ihu- Most High revanled 3 Siiraff atiom ihe hypocrJIes. Hia llbayy 
and Ihc like. Thereuium lakin^ hold of Zayd ibn Arq^m\ ear. ibe Prophet 
(pbub) said. Ihisis r'lc mc Mfiotleuued his far fir Allah". ' AbiiuW^h ihs san ot 
'Abdullah ibn Uha>7 heard of Ih^i and wcm lo (be Propher iptiuh) siiying, "I 
knew ihai you intend 10 kill ' Abdiillflh ibn Libayy for what has reached you 
abom him, if kdlinE him is a muii, ihcn please lel mc do il and 1 will ^et 



His Ukmls ihkcil him v.-h\ Ik- illiJ mir llin'ifi liirn iiff. 'He ci^pn^i'if hj's ThuK 
;|iD:'mc (it* u sign of abjcci simcndcr) lio ihc feeling of piry ftir itjc bUnfd lie 
prc^ciUcd me and I kni^^A- Lh.a All^h wtmld surdy ktll hiTP." hp ^iaid. 

*Aym ibn "fhabil ibn AlKl-Aqljh kitlcJ Musiir ibn Tfllhnli and Lis 
brcxhLT /VL-Jul^oa b^ pii^TCED^ b<}[h ol Ihcm w-iih u tiuil. E;tch canic Icj his 
niolhL'r. Sul:U:ih. laj'lnjj hi^ hfud on hor lap. Sin? asked, "Who has injuivd 
you, my son'/" 'I heard :i man uhili? shootmg nw .';aymg. Tjktf If, 1 :\m Ibn 
Abcl-Aqlah." hi' replied. She vorved io drm}i wine in ihcskul! of 'Asim. 

U!»nzii!iiJi it>n Abl 'Ainir. whn wa*. t'JiIlcd 'ihc Wiishiril Ors^'. :md Ahi^ 
Sufyin mec mi haiilc. Wlien MJin^alah h;iO kati-n Abu .Siifydn, Sbadiifid 
ibfiLil-Asttdd. who wa^i ihn Sha'ub. '.mole and krlted him. Titc Pi[>|iLt:i 
(pbuhl '■;iid. "JVwr iinnpfinrr?n tu: (io//:«/jjJTJ JV Jwiwtf misitfii i>y tUc Arigcts\ w 
mk/ns wiff ifitinFif ivft^ .mmiTiimf; (Ihtii Uupjifuvii] fnhtm." When [ht'V inquired 
rlflB, wife, she 'iald Lhni tii: ru'>h<:J in ihc hiiidcfidd ^hi;:n \\c hi^iinl ihc Cii\.\ fur 
■war wlulc being m a siaic ^T jun^ihah" Then Alhh licm down His hcli? lo 
llic MuhbriK and fuUlUcd Hi>; poinUc. Thfv nprooted Ibcir enemy lA-ilh 
IhcJr Jiwords imiil ihfv dragged iticin away l^rtim Ihcir camp, ll wus an 
obviuusdyftit. 

A/'Zub;iyr Kald, "I saw ihe ankleis (if Hind, ihe dangler of ^I'lb^h and 
her frii^nds becijusc il'cy were folding up ihLMr dresses as Ihcy ran away. 
Noihing pruvL-nii-'d imytme Irom culihing riicm wht:n ihc afchcrs lunicd lo 
^ L'uinp u>i die eniiuy Jiud been Ihrowii out n( ii. Tlius wc is-cre ;n[ji:kijd 
ftom behind by i!ie ;?avatry. Sontconc cncd oirt. "Ha. Muliannmiid kns becii 
kilted; Wc n^iiin>e(l iiiid ihe enemy pursued u^ jfier wc had i^iJIcd die 
ManJ.irtI hearer?-, so ihal nor?c uf Lhem would dare IoIlc it, Tbc ^lurtdjird 
remained on Ihi- ground unfiii 'Amrjii Al-Hariiiuualr- the daughicr of 
'AlL|jtTnah hf>i.sit^l ir fnr the Quruysh iti giiibor niiind: \\^y did mi. The 
Mttslini* werc bculcn and Lhe polyibeisis hiid killed irinny of ihcm \\ wjjs a 
da) of i.tial and le^itin? in which Allidt bonr>r>jtJ ^c^'^ral wiiti Tn^irryidinis. 
unlil Ihcy reached ibe Pnipliei {^)\y\i,\\\ wlin was huri wiih sioocs mi diji be. 
fell ON his Side, oni: o! his iccrh was broken, bis face w^s nun. and his Up 
was injured. The riiim wlui wiiumJed tniJi lA'il^ liibiih ibn Abi Waiji|j^. The 
bloLid l>egan to How on iiU faec and lie kept on ^viping it awuy. wtiile 
flaying, "Hint' cm i pi^n/itif sucrefti vjhfn ihify hax'e hliiifiifil iltr fiicf t'f thfir 
_f^t>iirl wlh ttloiiii whilr /rr rults them lo fhur tj>i/ir So AWiih *tn[ down lhe 
FolJowing vcise, 

(^ 



Wiiqsh, S:i"U ibn Ziyd, Usuyd ii>n Zuliayr. ^UkiKhah ihn Vti|i£jr, Mii£|ri/ 
ibn NuilT^ih, Aba Qatadjh iil-Hiuiih ibn Rib^i, nnd AbO ^AayyO-sh 'Ubjiyd 
ihn Zayd. When rhcy h^d ci»i^e u.^fih^rrlo (he Prophet tph^hi he appoinicJ 
Wii ihn Zayd over LTn-m and fold Ihcni iq hoiul for the Ji^/uJ muil Iil- himself 
would Tollow [Ji<jm will! ih^' troops. 

En ibe tn£;<ecmcnL Abu QatJldyh a!-H3rirh ibn Rib? k^led H^ibib ibn 
^Uyuynuh ibn Hisn und covered him aiirh hii; m:mTTe: \\wn he pincJ hlv 
foKc. The PmpfiiJi iphuhi pn^mlCiJ witJ* Muslim Wiiniors. As they saw 
Hiibib covered wllJi Aht1 QaiAiIuh'^ iniintle. Ihey cxilainied, Ti> Alliiti we 
belong and lo Him is our roium^ Abu Qaiii<1ah ha.^ Tn^r ^lairi." Tlie Pmphoi 
Ipbjh) y^iil ihiiL ii was nui Ahii Qsiradrih bui a n»jn k.ilJod by him ;iiid 
COVurtTii wiih his mantle in order tii know ihai he was his prev, 

'HhibliaJi reyi-hed Aurhflj jind hh son Ann whti wtre mnunting on one 

camef. :ind ^;illi:J Ihe Iwo ofrhcm ^villi opi; s[m^COf His lamxv Smilcj OflNv 
niilch-taTTifk ATre riN^ovcreJ. The ProplwE (pbuTi) jdvitnccd unlil lie 
Jitopped jind Jiln:!ited ai Ihc mnunlniin of Dhfi Qijrad, whc^re ihe men juined 
toot, UFid ^pc■nI (here a djiy ynd a nighi. Sulmuh ibnul-Akw:r ;Kkeil for 
pcrmis«on lo go wkh Ji hundred ini^n U) rcvover rbe resi of ihc cnnieTs :iiid 
bchend rhe band. The Ptophd fpbuhl >-;nd, 'Wr-H ilwx sfwtk! hr htivinn theU 
tvei^iiifi nuikitrinkiinif'i^ tiif fihurtifan." Aftirr Ihc Propftcl (pbuh) had divided 
ilic buiL-hcred cjirnds. one? for evtry tiundrod men. he netumed K> Madinuh. 
The -A ifc tfl' AT-ChllurT came riding on one ni Ibc Pfophers ^heH:J^Jt^|^. S\i€ 
iiild him the whole ^toiy. Then sht^ said. "O Mosscn^cr of Alluh, I made a 
VOWtO AlJah ihai J wimld daj ihis she-i':iTne| if Hp rescued me on il." The 
Prophe) |pbuh> smiled and said, "m^a a hti,/ rr^-tird' WUfyou vftiut-itn^r ,i ^ffirr 
AU*ili hiiJi 'nfii,r\ti.'/l ytju tin i/ end itehypre/f ynu fiv ti' Verih. thcrrisiut i^ii m*fu- 
iitn-diEm-e m MM ttar conrrriun}i ;iiiyitiinx that ij. mu ytiurs, Ttte, sjip.^i^m'ict is. 
i'}\tn-. io ^11 rutck tf? Mnujamilv vt-itfi AHafi's bte;Wj, " 

The Raid on Banli Al-Mu^ialiq^" 

The Priipbci (pbuJi) rcninJncd in Madtnah during the later part of Jum3dS 
nUAkhiTJihrnidRdjub, lnShui^n6 AH, hc;uiilcdBanQ Al-Miiiiidiqofihe 

i, JJttHlSutTillialTlicRjulmAJ-MM'ayif'. 



When Nil Muslims recognked the Pmphei [pbuhi ihey inok him ynJ 

iSifcndciJ lo J niouniain pass. Ik v/iLi m ths con^anv of Abfi Baiir. H'mjr, 
^Ali, lulhiih ibn "UbflydillaJiH A/i-Ziibayr ihnul-'Aw^ifam, ^-Hirilh 
JbuLi^-Sjmmuh* and glhur^ 

Rciiching ihu glen. Lhc PrtJphct rphuh) was pursued by Uba>y ihn Khiditf 
who said, "O MahdiiiLiMJ' Eiihur you or [ be will kilted." The poopk Mid. 
"ShaJl any of us kiJ) hltnT The Prt^phcl (p^uh^ said, "Umr him aiotie.^ 
Oiming closer lo him. iho Proplwl /pbuJi> loaV a ta;ice fiiHtt At-H3ihh 
ihnus-Simmuh. As I was n>lii, Heshivert'd violcmly msuchaxtay ihai :*l| of 
Ihcni ^carrcfctl m dl Jjattinn^ m once. F-'acing him. r.hc Prophet (pliiihl 
!iiabbcd him m ihe nect so ihJi he Skv;iyeii and roIlL-d off hj^ itiuri: flvcr and 
over. 

Pixvinusly in M:ikkiih. Ubnyy ihn Kljjlaf used ?u Jiay u> ihc Prophci 
ipbuh). "0 Muhiinimad. i hiive go{ a niurs caJfcJ Al-'Awdh w.'hich 1 l'i>roge 
evcjy diiy ii'iih m^ny quaniite of com. J shall kill ycju, while riding il." 
'^ffut I -ii7/ Kill wii ifAUoii iuUs." was die Pruphuii iinhwci ^^'hc^ he leiumcd 
,U> Uit- Qufayjih, he only hid n small scraich on his neck- So when eIk hiiHMJ 
^fcetomc congoMed Iil^ ^:ii(l. "By Albh. MLih:imiTi3d hat ktlTed me." They 
answered, "By Allah, you aii; afraid of d«aih. By Allah. y<^u arc not burl/ 
He replied, He lojij me ivhi;n we were in Makkah Lhai he would kill ine, 
umJ by Allah, had be sp»t on me. he x^jouid have killed inc." Evemindly. the 
enemy o! Allkih died ai a pface called Sorif, while ihey were taking Inm biick 
10 MaUjih. 

When Ibe Prophet fpbiih^ oifrivcd al ihe opening (*r Ihe mnunfain piLss. 
"AIT wcni !o nU hj^ leaiher shicliJ Wiih water Ui>u\ me w-jtennp place of 
Ai-Miliras and hroughl i1 *o die Pn»phci ipbiihi (lt drink, hu! he refused 
becauw! of ju tcpulsive odor. Nofwilwless, he u«d the waicr lo wash Ihc 
is^Qod from Xw^ face. Pouring ir iiver his heaJ he said. "Ailah'K WrJih i^ greai 
nw he whn ha^ bloodied ilic face of Hi^ Prophet." 

The Prophel Ipbuhl Iried to nioiim <! Wgc nick on rhc nioiinLim which 
blocked hi*; way. Bdn? older and ivealicr besides wearing iwo annors. he 
could noi chrnli ii. Iall];ih ihn 'UbaydillUb squiUied hcneaih him and 
enabled ilie PrtTphei ipbuhJ lo s!and on h$s baek until he sidod on iL AfitT 
Talliah's acL tlu^ Pru|ihe[ fphuh) haid, •'Jjilhiih ij. fti/iJilt^/nr Puntdise}^ 



~<^ 



SiiiA. "He hi,s oHmt cam.:n «> «Wt Ity Hun ,n Mmt H^mU h mysotil ihe o,- 
^h f<ioiC<dai {ricvmi&i U\esf)ixat^tSadaiuttlu Throw shook for kim." 

Ttrae polyiheisrs were slain: MuRahbih ibn "UlhiHilii ibn TJhayd who 
was injured hy an arrow and died in Makk^jh because of it. There was also 
from BiUiQ Makh/Odi ihn Yiiqxiah: Nawfuf ibn ^Abdillah ibnuI-Mughirah. 
ivh(» pL-ncirated the irericJi and was entrapped in ii ind killed, so the 
Muslims (Exi field of his h<)dy HiJi pcoplf asked Ihc Pmphei iphuhl to seU 
ihu-ni his body bm he (pbuh> =^cl. 'Wf tmvc nrr uttt Jhr his bt^iy ^lor the price 
fy/iieh riMilJ he p^id)/or ir. and hi: kl them have a. And TrDnl Bunfl 'Amir 
ten Lu'iiyy, ^Amr ibn ' Abd Wwdrf was tilled b> " AEF ihn AW Talib, 

Cin ihe Duv ofBjjnl Quray^ah, Khulhld ibn Suwayd trom die \iusrims. 
wjirs manyrcJ. when a nuiliitmc was ihruwn on ftiji] c^iusing j \hal[ejing 
wounti, h was suici iha: ihc Prophet {phth) said UjjI he would be given Ihc 
teward of (wci martyn,. Ahu Sin5n ibn Mihi-in ihn IJunbfm died during Wvi 
Sitge nf Bimj Qiirayiah and wa,^ buried in The burial ground of BaniJ 
Our^tyzah. As I ttis lold after fininihing ihe irench aff^iir. [he Praphei tpbuhj 
said- 'Ihr. Qiiravsh witl ni*/ miiJc wm^ter thia ytttr. hiii y^ta \^iil invu^e ihem." 

The Qiiraysh did nol irvudc? ihcm afterwahJ, but he (pbuh) inuadcd ihcm 
iimd AJlaJi die Almi^hiy pcrmlued fbai ht cmk5iit!rcd MaJckati. 

The Attack on Baofi LihySn 

Afier rdidin^ Banfl Qurayaah ihe Prophet fpbuh) si^nr si^ months in 
Madinah from Dhjt-Hijjah lo JumSda d-Cia. He wtni oui a^in>i Banu 
Libyan lo lake revenge for Khuba^b iOn 'Adivy and his compynion.s who 
i^c-^ killed m Ar-Rajr. I3e prcicnded Uiiit lie wds htading for Syria lo aliuclc 
the people ljy iuipriw. lie Itfi Vtadlnali^J' and sel fiirlh pasisin^ by Ghur^b. a 
niouniain near MidSii;iii at Ihe road lo Syria, then to MjikhT^. to Al-Botra', 
and then he tamed leftward lo reath Ibe vajiey nf \A\i\. dien co 
^ukhayraiul-YiUtimaTTi, then sEfai^ I forward un (he hifjhrojd lo Mafckah, Re 
hasiencd ihc pjee uniil I*c iirrin-d al Ghuran. [he locaJion of Banu Libyan. 
Churan is a valley beiween Amaj and ^Us^ up to a village called Sayah, 

— cS>— 



Miml. the djughicr uF ^Ui\nh uml mhhi; women ^viUi ha. IkiIecU in 
munhitc rhc Muslim corjr^^s After ihcy tut off ihcir oai^ jmd r»v^cs making 
Ihtn iniO ankleiJi. neckLlH:s. and ptrjulyni^. }\mi.\ ^:[vc Ihcm lo Woh'ihT. the 
slave of Jubayr ibn Mui'rin. She even ripped open Hiimz^ih's liver and 
chew^ i[, hm she could noi hfond lis ^aste tind spill il oui. 

Al HllliiVA ilm Zabhan. who waMhe [eaderof ihcb^aok warriors, p3f.fj*d' 
by Ahfl Sufyan while he w^ hillyig rbc side of Uum/jJis mmih wiih ihc 
otJgc ai his ^^ar saying, "Tasic ihai. yoir insutgum. ' Al-il»"lii>s t>Lchiriifd, 
"O BamJ Kininah. is Ehis the fcadcr of ihc Qiiraysh doing Ihr-i to his coiisin 
while dcaJT He saiJ. Confound you. keep il scerei. forii wjis juM a sMp_" 

Moving dL-oiJed tn <icpim. Abfi Sufyan diiTibcd iip U^ muunuijn yelling 
m The u>p of his voiLtf, Good wurk' Viciofv in wyj £<k;s by aiiL-mafi: 
sut\:ew; ihis day fnf the day (of BjUr). Be sublime Hiit>al lan lilol)' "U- 
uptiLilJ ypur reHgion". Tht Prophet (pbuh> lold "LlmDr lo Jjcl up iiml i^ji'.vier 
him '^yirg, 'AJhib ts mofc Sublimi? iinJ En^lred We are not equal. Our 
dead are in Paradise, xvhiie your^ af*^ in ihe FIciJ-Firc " Ar ihi^ Ahrt Sufyiin 
swmniyncd Umartogo k\ him. The Prophci (pbiihj lold him iobo and ^ice 
whii he wan up lo, Wlicn ho Ciimc Ahu Sufyin said. "[ beseech ym by 
ATlab. O 'Ufiuir. Tiauc we killed MuhEimmad?" "By rWVati. you have nou he 
is listcnfng lo yourudk niw," he im^wered. Mf said- ~\ know you are more 
iruihlul and rcJiabk Itmn Jbn Qoini'aii wtio hJiiil iJiat he had killed, 
Mubammad." 

Tht-n Abu SufyAn cxt;liujiicd, ""Among your dead some are muiilatcd. By 
ATUh. 1 aiii nciUwr sniisficd, nor angry, and I nciUicr foitadc nor 
comiiiJiiidcd iniitiliiTinn '" While dcpaning w^iih his compjuiitms, AbO Sufydn 
called ouu 'Your trweling-nlacc is Badr ncxi year" 'Y*s, ii is an 
appoinlmenl for lioih of ils," fmswtrred unc of Ihe Prophcis Compimions 
accordinglollict'omn.undtjf ihe PiopbcMpbuhj. 

Ttwn the Prophi!! {pbuhl L-omnianded 'Alt "Gtf afirr ihrm. to Ifuce irut 
mrir movemeMi arut m/dnihn. If ihey yr* dhmouiumji their iuinps and 'iJruff 
their t-iintfh Ihry uiU hr h^nJiri^fnr Makktik » here/n i/rhey are rittins iheir hors- 
es oiul ff^iidifiK ifiLtr cartiT'ls ihey still hf firuitni^ /ci- tr {AttiilitniJii. [iv rhr Ow in 
W/n*.nr tloiui is my sah^. if itiey iiiaie for MinGnah t nttl mnrch fitlt lo iftem ami 
fig/v-' ^Aii zsdid Ihul he pursued Hitui ^nd ibimd (h,ii ti^y wtic nitmnting 



(^ 



riiry iUifpiseivts} mmt not ju ihe imttk <xupi ii hlltv- ^ 

to seek e^cuiitr for Uicirselvcs Ihroiigti It. 

4Betn}^ miwriy inwaith yvu Ui.\ rf^'c/rj.v irrJp ornt aid in Atinh'i Cnusf^. 
Then when fcurcoinfs. vfm witt iCf ihrrn int^irtu W yfi\i, thrir rvf.'i- fr- 
volvi'i^ iikf tikfjiir of) (mt- tn-rr 'ihf/m hffi^rs (t/'ark hm when the fear 
tffpiinx. i/i^ wiS! smitt you wiiH i/uirp roa^iiei. h 

I.e. in Ihoir words ^liiL'h yuu do nm Tike since ihcy liii itol hi^ for ihe 
HLTOafier u?. well j> the reword do&^ no! move ihem. for ihey fear deaih fikc 
ihc one who doe* ncMttupe for whai, Is ^ler dC4«h. 

^^n^^rr/^^ toiianiy fipeiufi/i^ iJtnihitii; in fl<iy) ^f*od (ond tiuty toveiaiiy of 
haoiy and Keii/rhi. Snrh hiivt^ no! f/i^ftfvtif. 'fhrrffon' Aiinh iiitikc-: their 
ifrfifjt/niUltfii. liiuhhw i.\ fivr ciii\ fur AlltiL 71u.-\ thruK i!i/i{ At-A/iz^h 
f/he Cnnfedfraffx} i'ave nr-i \ei »ithi!rii-\n. lunf if Al-Ahi-jih (ihr Cpti- 
fet/rrmex} iiumid imnf tej^nipi ili/^^ wuHitd u-ish \ht^' uvrv in ihp thxerjs 
twantterias) iimun^, the Ht^i/umtis, ive*&i;f nfws ni'^ui vuu ffrom a far 
pttfcey, tmJ if ifw ihappt^} w be anmug \oii, tht^- noutd not fighi hut 
iivtr.^ 

Tlicn AlliJi nidresscd ihc believer* saying, 

dinifi^iftf in thf Mmen^i^'r ttf AUtiti t^tnfnimiiun^X yau i\avf n giwrf vV- 
amiftr m frrlloM- ft}r Iiim whii liafici in ithr Mecimg n7>/j| Allati and ike 
tMsr lyayaiiil femtnnhfrx Allitfuniirit l 

\.^. thai ihey sliould noL dL*?^Imualy aire moiv for tJit^msuKes ih:iB himself 
and mil lo be in iiphee where he is noi. Then referring tolhe helicvcrs. rheir 
sinccriiy iiod belief in 'A'hal Allali promised ihem (jf iriai by which He icsied 
dieni. Heboid, 

^Amt nhn Jlw hfUcVfrji umi Al-Ah^ih ifh^ Coffffdeniifsl. ttrty mid: 
Uih h w/ujl Aliah artd Hit Mrsstniier iMiikntmiutf hiiii pn'nfi\fd m. 
atui A/ftiff vml Hi,t IHe^st'ni^r fMiifiiunnuiiti twd ^ptiken the rni/h. and h. 
itnii uihitii ft^ ihzirfiith iind lo thtUr zuiwi'Uiit'entJts^ (nr Afiuhf-k 

I.e. folemnce of Trtal and alTffciion, acceptance ot rlie decree, :inti 
veriflcadcin cf the uuEh of whm Aflah anJ His Messeiiger hntl promised 
Ifacm. Thofi He aaid. 



tfiifs. ricj. And tttduri \tiH jhtiitinsly iO Mtiimmnmi}. mir paiieme is 
i\(>t hiiijrom Mhih Aiul srirvr mtt vvt^i thtm iprtf\thristt: iiiiii jM^anrt 
ettr.l and hv mn ^iimsf^dbff^uxe o/iv/ioi rhty pl.n 1 

(ArwNiJil: 126-127) 

So ihe Pmphcl (pbuJit forgave ihcm und forfiade muiiialion. Then be 
Tp^uhi "fdcFcd Lhj[ liLifiiziili bt covered in ;i mnntte; ihfn he pefformed the 

funt'nil prayi:r over him. sa^mj:. "Atlah is dealer' stvtn linifs, Thc'H he 
commimdcd Ihai ;ilj ihi- cleact iv h^ughi beside H^iTunh. und he ciffc,Tcd 
prayer over them, Pniyun> which Ew.- had pt'rf<>nned (wer Ihcm reached 
seventy 'J wo prayers . 

Ibn l^hiiq sajd, 'Safiyvah, the dmighcr cirAhihit-Muitalihcanvc lo see 
liani/jih. wh[T vfos hci luli-brothcr. The Prophci (phuh) ordcrt^d her son. 
/U-Zirbiiyi ibnul" Awwam. "Afvi-f /irr rin</ holJ hur hack so rfiiu ihn luU f,fjt vt- 
nhiit /ia.\ hippftud \<f iicr hmih^y. " fie said lo her. "O Moihcr. ihc Messenger 
of AlJah orders ytnc u> rcium.' Shi: ^iiifl. "Why? 1 havt been informed [h^i 
Ibey hiivc iiiuli]iiJi:d him. Bill w kmg jis h »s for I he Silkcof AJJuh. whmevcr 
hiippenj; lo hiin iiaditicA us. I will bt calm iuid paiiem if Allah wills.' B^Lh 
(O Ihe ProphL'f ^phiih). A/-Zubayr r^jponed lo him what Jihc had said. Ho 
bfld him lo iciivc her .iloac. She lociked m dam^ah nnd vnid, Tu Allah we 
bebnj; ajiiJ lo Him do we icium". and ihen she mvofccd Allah's foffiiveness 
for hinu Then Uk Prophci ^pbuh) ordered his.bmiiil. 

Some Muslims carricJ iheii dead to Madinah To hixy them ilicre. 
However, iht Prtiphci iphuh) prahtbiicd ihjs act saying iha[ [hey should be 
hurjtd in ihc plflct wheie rhcy had died. According lo 'Ahdullflh ibn 
Thalnbah. whik inspccnng rhe manyr^ ol" Ubud, ihe Pioptic( (phuh) said. 
"7 ttm ti »'unfs:, «iyt fhae. ftV/n^irr is ^voaiulifd pr the ntkp of MUih mil be «- 

vived nr, Ihc Df2\' of Rssurr^-tiifn tv'uh hix »^utuh hUtdmR yxiihthir.-ifU/rofblnod 
find the •^ui/'Ii ti/ tun.tk. f^irid nut xftr mii' wht* coUifri^d (or kepi hv hvtirj} the 
Qut'an nuircffir httttrr^ than ftn cfinpaniim^ and iinike fiim aheed ofihfrn in ih^ 
^/flw.'TwoorflireoboJies were buncd in ontf grave. 

On his way lo Mudinah, tlif Pmpher {phiih) iwi H^mn:ifi. ±e daughter 
of Jatish. As she mei the army, they iinnutmLcd t*^ her liic douil» uf her 
brother 'AhduU^h ibn J^ijish. Shct+aid. 'To ATiiib ivc btlongand lo Him do 
we rcium. 1 usk Allah's forgiveafis^ for him.^ Th<in sjic was told of ihe death 



Prophei rpbiih), ofTered prayers wjih Einlj [(^whtUs i\K iwu qihloU'i 
(Jerusaicrj and Uien Makkah} and swore ihi; ftaliy of women it> tiiiri, iiktd 
the Prophet 10 give her Rifi'ah Jbn Samaw'al jl-Quriiy^i who was an adult 
and who had re&ortod lo her, ^ he knet<j ibem before that, She i^aid ihn\ [k 
had professed ihiit he would offcF pray<;re and tax camc^!^ meal. The Prophet 
(pbuh> accepted ajidshe^avedhishfe, Arierwojds. thePniphei (phuh) divided 
Uic property, wijincn, and children of BanO Qurayj^ ainosg die MuslmLs. 

Then the Prophci {pbuhj sent Sa'd ibn Zayd al-Ansarl die broiher of 
"AWul'Ashhal lo Najd lo ^U some of ihe capiive women of Banfl 
Qurayzah for horses and anns, Thi; Prophci (pbuhj h'Jd selected from Q*ctr 
women for himself Rayhanah the daughter of 'Amr ibn Khiinifah. who 
remained under Win power vutii hv Jicd- When iht Piophei (pbuh) had 
priipo;^ lo mari"V hi:i and pat the veil on iicr, itic said, "O Messenger of 
Albh« lei me m vour power, tor thai will be e^ier for me :ind yoUr" Hence 
he h^fl Iwr. She had rcfuwd in convert lo Islam when ^he was <j:r/A:d and 
adheitd m Judaism. Being displeased with her affair. Ihc Prophet (pbuhl 
S^ludcd her One drt> whrk he wns with hl-i Companiors. he heard ;he 
sound of focUfepji behind him, so he said, "Tliis is Th^rUhah ibn Say^h 
coming to icll me the good news of Rayhanah's conversion m IsTuni/' He 
proclaimed The fac^, which pleased the Frophci iptiuhr, 

Alluh ihe Almtghtv revealed Quranic verses, concerniTig ibc Battle of 
fhi; Trenth and BaniJ QuniyaJih. These ver^i^s are in Surar nI-Aiirfib in which 
He mentions the ^miciiutE ihai die MiEslims suffered from. FLi\ gr^^e lo 
them, afld His help when He relieved ihciii afwir Lhc evil words said \>y dw 
hypocrites. Allah ihe Alnughly ^ys, 

40wu ^•ho helievf? Rfmembrr Allah's Favour (n yoxt. wJie^ therti'iimf 
aautttit ytiu fufsu. aijti Wf r*!7ir tij^un.*! ihem ri winJ flmf/arcfs that you 
.taw nftt ti.e rmnpj n/nri^^U tUirini! the h/nile nf At-Ah?/]h iihe Cwn- 
Jederaiet^i- AndAtkha £\er AllSf^r nf vi-li^ ynik dft.^ 

The hnst^ were the -nrnies af thi? Qurjy^hs ihe Ghaiaran. and BiuiQ 
Qnraygah. 

J When ihry came upon you frofn tihove voii arid from hriiftu >■«« ati/I 

i^heii rhr ey^s jjn-** wiiti and ^t Hetiirs reached lo the ihroat^ and you 



purstiii. Likewise, thfir enemy waukf kntiw i]iai ilic Mdsiims v-crc tlHiihiy 

Leav+ng Ibn Umm Makiiim in fUarge of Madiruh, Uw Pa^phti fphuh) 
fcathcJ :. pbtc cullcti ilamrJ ul-Ar^JiL aboui *:ijilii itulis froni MjLUnah. He 
s^iem MofiJiiy. TiicsJay, smd Wednesday (here Liod Ihcn ivfumcd to 
MadiraTi, M^i'bjd ibn AM Md'haiJ al-KlmzJl^i tnd him. Bmh ihe Muslims 
■Jlld pnlylheiav of ihc Khu/a'ati WLrv cunfidjiil-i of rhe PiopliL-i (phuhk in 
"i'ihJiiTiah. AS ihL> ii^r^cd nnning Ihcmsclves Th.ii Uitv would iii^i'tr lijde 
iumhing fmm him of wJuu was hiippcmng rfiL-rt. Thimgh a pLilyiheisi, 
My'fafld SjiuJ. "O Mufi;imm,Kf- by Alliih. wi^ arc rcailv soji^- for what has 
tuippciicd lo you aoU wish ih:i[ AlUh would kuep >oii ^ufo among them." 

The Prophet Ipbuhl mci Ahil Sufvin "Aiih hi^ army 31 Ar-RnwJiil'^'*. 

Tlwy had Eldcmnned lo rtiurn lo tlie PrDpIit-i nncT his Qimpamotis. They 

dioufln ihai wJiik Uii:y lijd killed die lies: of llwr Mu^hnLs, k'jdcrs. :]|]d 

jHjhkh, They x^jiitt'il tn aitflck their survivors [o extcrminjtL' them. Wlinn 

Abtl Sufyin v^w M.{Wm\. ht- siiid 'Wli:i[ is upT Ho un'iwtfrad, "Miihnmmnd 

h;i^ ht:idcd off wUh his Companiuns lo folkm you wiih m unny which I 

r^vc ntV'CF sct^n ihc like. Il^inimf widi mry a^iunM you. Those wiio 

previiiusly smyi:tJ biitk are now jn^niiii; him. Ihey dtpiore thfir 

noti-iiiifndkmtc and arc viJ^lendy infuriofed J^inst you. Never have I socn 

miyihing like U." He crietl MimlL-nngly, -Gonfound you. what aiv you 

saying?" tfc dn^w^:JI:d, "By ^llah. I tin mil Ihink iJiai you shcailfd tlepjn 

Jffifore cxjiTiinm^ ihe fornlocks uf ih<: c:ivylry," "Biii wc havt: dicitkd lo 

■a^'i- ihcm und upr^ifM rht-ir ^urvivtnx," Ahu Sufyin t'Onrrmed. Mai>jd 

^ntkfcd, "Blii [ forbid thM you do it." E^cmti;diy. Vb biidcii^M Llmnge the 

mtndof Abti Sufyar and hi^ lollowcrs. 

A caravan of *AbdUl-Qays md him. Knowing thai \hi!y svcie hcjiding fnr 
Mfldiniih ror provisiuns. he said. Would you give :i mcsyise lt*Muhaiunud 
forriie jndl *iU li>;id your caravan with tajsins in the n«i fonim of Tikiii, 
when you anivu dicic?" They atccpicd. Hf said, "Whcti ^« him. tell him 
ihtti wc arc dctemuncd to march oui ii-i him and hbs Companions to 
aimihiUU' dKiti." When the ridcn* Lxm^cyed AbQ Su£yon\ cnessage to tbc 
Pmph^i ipbuh) while he was in Hanira'ul-A-^ad. he exclaimed, "Afhih (A/am^i 
Li ^ajfiiieni fnr nx. aiuf fir it the fftfn Diipmrr vJa^iJtn {/ur itsf. 

I, Alu^v»lH^<■lu<^|,J|ll^v ImmMmlCrfcikh.. 

— cs> — 



In iht: momiiiE l^-^"^' QuTa^tJh >uccuniticd (O iIk rto^iiici^ juJ^tMiuiit 
jinri ihe Aws were aroused Sniying, "O MosscngtT of Allnhn ihcy arc our 
allien, iifii ihe K\tu7\ii\\ Ytivi kno\v4iov.- you havi* rwcniTy irejiiL^ri iJH^ira' 
PrcvJnusfy ihc Prophj!! [phiiht hjid K"siejc*(i Bnm'i QaynuqiV . Ihc ox-al!ii:!i of 
fhe Kha/.r;i|. As !bcv h^d suhTiiitted fn his jml^cmen[. Abdiilkih ibn Ubayy 
\\>Ti SjIuI asked l£> hitvf: ihcm ;ind Lhc Pri>|iht^L Jphuhl agrc^:d. Huucvcr, 
aIicii iIil; Awh^uid [hose wotJs ro The Prophei l|>buh|, hc*taiJ. "Wtniitl von l>4f 
uttiiffteit, ,4■H^^, ifitt\i' vf \*tiir tnvii Irihf fjiviii lUr jtiii^fitii}nr c/iitivrnifig them?" 

TbePropbei(pbiihthailTnfldcS3'dihn Mu'Sdhstay in a tent owned hya 
wnman frcim ifK Ashim i;;iitiil Kufaydali in^idi- Uts mosque. She UM,'fl to 
rniiso jiiid liikc CJTC of iht vv^Kindcd Muslims. When Sj\I h;id bttji Lr|ured 
by an urrow ai ihe Gallic i^f the Trent'h. ihe Pn'ptiJJl (pbuh) ordered ihal he 
be pill in Ri.ifaydjjs tcnl tmUl ho w*nih[ vjy;ii him laict. When ilic Proptiei 
(pbuni selccii'd Tiim lo ufburaic <t[i ibc w^Lie of Bhijij Qurayiali. his peopfc 
iveni 10 him :uid ptii him on u donkey a Icjihc'r i^ushion. as tie was ;j 
ci>rpulcm man. Britiginj! hiiu [o ihc' Prophet tpbuh) ihej suiti, "Be kind lo 
your friends, lor ihc Messenger cjf Alluh (phuhj hut iippoitiicd you to judge 
foi thai very purpose/' WlK'n ihi^y k? pi oi) sjiying ^o, iie *:iiil. "Ii b linic Jor 
Sad. in l!ic caUiiC fjf Allah, no* lo fear ihc blumt of any bbuiier." Hf:arir^g 
his ^vords. one of Those wln> we™ io hi* corapanv went If ihe ^lou^eboJd of 
Banij Ah^iul'Ashhal jird pr^-innounce In Ihem ihc desilh of Biinii Qiimyzah 
before Ihc arrivyl of Sa^d Il» (htm beujusc of ihe vord^ dial lie had i^isi 
heard from ihe taUej. 

When Sad rtnebed ihe Prophei (pbuh> aiid ihc Mtislimv Ihe Piophei 
(pbuhi ^id. 'Go lo vrjur Cliii-f. The Miih^jjinin of itie Quraysh said thiti the 
Pr«^hti ^.pbuhl meani ihe Ansar, whiie ihc Uner ihoughi ilmi he addressed 
ull rhc Musliais. ^ [hey goi up and ^aid. ^0 AbQ Amr imeiiung Sj di. Uk 
Prophet ipbiifil lias put you in charee of youf allies affair T^ui yoii m:iy 
arbitral^ ttmi^cming ihcm" Sa^d iirikcd. "Do you rriflke a covonam with 
'?*illah that yuu 'piinn The jud^emeni ihyi [ will pnmountp on dicm'*" Thty 
^mL "Yes". He addeil, "And \\\c ore who i\ here?" (Tumirrgl in lUti 
direcvion of tht Prophci tpbuhj wiihoui mcnLonitig Kit- iwme out of 
vunt-raiion- Tlic Prophet iplitihj replied. 'Yex'. Sa"d said, "Then my 
judgeoK'ni ji thjl IheJi men should be killed, weiillh divided, and, wt>tnen 
^ndehildrcn lukcnEL^pFi^ru^i^ot wur." 



-tnfl 



rslam, so itwy needed some ol his Companions ;o go wiih ibem lo ins^ruui 

them in rcli^ion^ Itach rh*in htiw lo recite ibc Qur'an, and ro leach ihem ific 
l^^amic laws. TEw Prophci (pbuh) sent six of his Companions: Maithad ibn 
Abl ManhaJ: Khjlld ibmil-bufcjyr; 'Asim ibn Thabii; Khubayb ibn 
"Adiyy; Ziiyd ibnud-Daibinali ihn Mu'iwiyaii: and "AbduliSh ibn lariq. He 
made Marthad a^ flic leader. 

When [hey icacbed Ar-Riiji', a waiering place of ibc lludhayl towards 
Al-Mijii'- at Ihc upper part of Al-Ilad'ali (between ' Asfan and Wakkah). lIk 
Muslims were beuuyed so irtcy called the Hudhayl fn help ihtm ;igainst 
tben>. Wlulc diey wcrt off guard, llicy wefc Suddenly aMackcd by men with 
swofds, so they started to fighi ihem; but ihc men said iiiui lltey wore nt>l 
intending io kill ihcm as ilic) wanted lo proflL front dtllveriii^ Qu-m lo tlic 
people of Miikkiih. They pj^dgid ih^l ihey would noi kilt rhcm. As ft>r 
Marthad, Khalid. and ^A^im, tlwy said. "By Albh, we will ne\'c.r atxcpt a 
covenant noj a pai;l from a ptilyrbeist." 

Tboniupon a fighl rtJiifc pj-Tce and (lie rhrce were kdlcd. The lludhayl 
' anemp led lo Take Aiim'.-v head Iom.-II iiio ^lulijab, tiie dau^ier of Sj d ihn 
Shuh.iyd. whu. when he liilled her two sons at Vh^d. vmvcd (bit if she 
cotild gel hi^ Jiwd. ^h<.■ woti!d drink wine from his skull. When the Mudfiayl 
upproached hi?; body, sonic horneii came bciwtcn it and them, so tlicy 
decided T" leave hmi undl nightfall when the homeis would go flway and 
tlicy woulJ be al>Jc lo ukc his liead, Ycl, Allah sent a Hotxl in [he valley lo 
carry 'A^m'* *:oqiH; a*uy- 'Asim had given Allali h pledge never to touch 
nor he (michcd hy u polydwisi ou] of fear of inipuniy. When hu htard aboui 
llic hornets that pfOlccied 'Asim- *Umar ibnul-Khanflh said, "Allah protects 
His believing setvani. 'Asim liod vowed thai no piilyihciM shouki lourh him 
no; he would ever iPuch a polythcJsi in his life-span, so Allah protected him 

after his dfadijtisi as he hud protected himsolf (i.e. Trom being touched b> a 
polyibeblj.wiulctte wos^livc." 

EQblbnyb ihh ^Adiyy, Zavd ibnuI-Daihinah, and 'Abdullah ibn lanq 
softened and yielded to iheir dei^ir; to live so ihcy £avc up and were feiiered 
lo Miikkiih ici be \old iheie. In Ar-Zyhran. 'Abdaiiaii nranagcd to unbind 
himwjlf frum (he rope wiih v-liich he had hi;ci> fcitered and liKft hold of his 



Approaching (heir frnls, Uis Prtjphct ij^ah] said. "O youhrftrhprs ofimn- 

Jffvr, isuiAlliih dis/iriu/ni you and sent His mitisnGU'on im v*^u.'''Thcy answered, 
"O Abu l-Qasun. you were nc\ef a bflitiarous person. " 

When ihe Prtipha (pUih) reathsl Bunu Qiiniy^jti Icilniipcjd h^ oncnf IhcJr 
wdls, adjjceil to ik-ir possessions. caHcd ihe Anr^a WefL His Companions 
followed him. ;ind niming ihL'm were men uhosc la:^i pntycr w;is ot \be 
'Ishd'. and ihc\ had noi ofTe^^ ihe A^r prayer in ^corilunce lo it;« 
Prciphcrs cnmmiind nol lo dp so except in Banu Quiayiah. They had been 
miK^h i>n?occupied v/ilh v/ur aiT:m^cnvms, iinwiNing lo offfr the praver 
unlil ihey would be in BaiiO Otu'nyjali. complyiriE with his orricr. Thui Ihey 
offcrvil ihe Air prayer there liflcrlfte 'Islia' prjyer. Vet ihey were noi Jisgniccd 
bec^lVJ-scofOii^hy Al]^, in IH^s Bmk, Eiordid the l^rq^hci Cphuh) [q?n>ai:h lEian, 
Banii Qurayzah were piit andcT ?iie£c hy ihe l^^oplict (pbuh) for Iwcniy-fLVc 
mf;hls (intil Uiey wcie Lzitigut^il and Allah casi lerrnr imo ihei; hcam. 

Huynyy ibn Akhiab l^aJ siaycd *nh Banil Qurayzah in ilwir forts aftor 
the Withdrawal of the QuraysH and Ihc Gbutalan. io pieservc hi^ word to 
Kab jhn Asud. It hccamc evident for Lhem ihai the I'rophot (ptnih) was 
pcisistcnt lo figlit Ihcni, so Ka'b ibn Asad cried oiiL. "O Jews, you can sec 
w^hai has befallen yOLi; 1 prtspo^c la y<ju ihree alitmiilives. T:^ which yoii 
Uke Ihe best: to foUo^^ tins mun ami btitieve in hinu fur hy Allah, n has 
become apparent to yoa thii Tic is a Prophet with a Message and that it \s he 
wiio is menrbnctt in ytmr BiHilq and ihcn you will SJ^Ofe your lives, wejild^ 
womei, and childrtn." They answcied. "We wiU never violate the rules of 
die Toiaii and never replace it with another." He said_ "Then it you do nol 
lake this pmpusal, kill ynur wive aiid childitn arid then gi> oji, men only 
wLlh their swoids to Ughi MLihunuimd and his Companions leaving, no 
burdcTii behind you. until ATlah judges beiweon tis and ,VfuhaTmn;id. If we 
die. we die. wjiJioui leaving children behind us to worry about If we win. we 
can marr)' i>[her wive> and have children.' They said, 'To kill these poor 
creatures? How can we live ^fter them'.'" He ^id, "Thett if you do noi take 
this proposal "Tonighi is the eve of Sniiirday. Most prohably VEulianuiutd jnd 
his Conipanioiii will fcef safe, so »hy do we nai come down and sejze 
Muhammad ^nd his Companions by surprihe." They said. "Are we Jo 
con^pl our Sururdiiv and <k) on it v^hai our predece:jsi>r!i hod dnn^ iX:^ h i-i 
wetl'lcnown (o you thai Ihcy i^'crc lomed into ape^7" Ke answered. "None of 



pmbn^cd my pi^iyt-r/' li was ihcn m Khiibayh csuhiishcd the sunnah of 
pcrConmnij iwo mi: oii-i bciwu twin^ CMEUlcd. 

TTn^n lie was upTiftcd onto a piece of wood on whicli rhcv bound luni. He 
.«W,."0 AlJah. wc iiavc deliwrcd ifw mtrs^aue tif Ypur Mei,?icnetT, so icil 
^im icniorio* vJiui b being clone u> us." Then he ^2id. O AJlah. coiinl 
ifefji b> niimbOL krjl mem scpsiriitdy one by une, ^nd Tcuve none," ^icn 
ihcy killifij liim, may Allah hijvc mercy on hiiiu 

Mu'owryah jbn Abi Su/yan said. "I was tlKre Ihat diiy wiffi ihose wlii> 
were wnb Abu Sufyan, ^k he piislicd me lo (h? ground out of Tear nf 
Kliuhayhs invocation.'^ They u-scd In teJieve iTiai if one wa^ cu^d, and 
ihcn *ilcpi on lilt siilc iht- curse wt>i»M vanish. It wss ni(iT:irc,i liiai wlicn 
"Umar Ibiiul-Kbaiimi uppoinicd Sairi ihn "Amir Ibn didhyam al-Jmnab? 
<fWr a pan r*f Syriii, he suffered famiing His ^vhilc \x was anK>nj; ilic peopjc. 
#nd ^Umai wi^K lold of [his. DimTig a visii to Umar, " [Jmiir nNked lum ahour 
flK prf>bl(rin. so iie snid, "J ha-.v noihrng lo suffer Iroin, hui I wis jiuuny lLil 
JiUendeCs r>r Kbnliuyh ihn Adijys killing. 1 heord his invocjidDn, and 
ft'henevijf f [urnembcr it wiien i iiin in a im-ciing I fdm/' This aogmeor^d 
~Un; ar'i iidmi rat ion ofimn, 

fbn ^Abhfi^ said. "When rlie ix|wditi<in i>n which Mstitbad and "^Asitti 
wore attacked in Ar-Rajr. soino of \t\e Uypotniei; said. 'Ata-s for ihose 
li^mplcii fdloAA'.^ who <Iicd in siieh a way! They nejihcr rcniainLvi viiih their 
hmilic-s nvr did ifiey ddivff the mes-^ec of ih?ir Conipunion.' Tlien AJliih 
iHe Almi^hTv K.caJed coiii^t-niing ihe viyin^ of ili*; hypocril^a. 4A7ui ofnun^tiiid 
rkrn H rif iiVirtjf Tp^f /-/j ram- ;j/irr;ir yow i O Muliii-mniiii}. m fhix ivt-rfJiv hft h lit. 
he mny mc tiis Icti^up lo ha^ won!^ ■i'iili which hr pnieiidi thai ht is Mus- 
lim. J rW h^ cu//v ^J/^i/i t', witiicsMt;^ iiftliiiiH/\irhi.\ in tv's lif^nn'^ aUhuugh ihif 
'CoMlr:iiJitts thai Clinch he sJijs iy^r he is liie mo.'^r <puirn-L\.,are of tin- f^pf^uitur.x k 

i.l^htM^argullwnta[Jv^MvhL'^he■.]Wuk'-l^ilhyu^, *^flJ«/jrn*i'fr*r^Anh^^^^ 
..WW "0 Matnwimiul"} ^ he, wten Uc ica^ci you • ftij i//^.r7 m fft<- //mrf jj /o m.iiar 
mischief tfffrvm tmd to tfnrmv the crops dW thf <-aitU. w\d Aftah liUs a„i wf„-. 
oflitf/^ i£. He dtiL-> not tikf ihai ii shtnild ht muKle or spriiad, i An^ ^'A^m ir is jtaiJ 
lohim. TearAilah] hn a ifi/ hy tsrrin^tinct^ fti ii^iort) ciinif. Sa rnifufih for hiin a 
ftt'iL tm^ H-ofAt unlsnl h if»ilffttKfti/rt.%rf AndofmiinkinifiJiiiri\/ia iviinU \dit 



message. BanO OuraHah said "Nu'uyni hjd sptikcn ihe truth, 'ITic people 
want >oii lo tight. In case ihev huvc the oppoauniiy Ihey will muke ihi? hesr 
or in: hur in cilsc ihcy do noi, rlicv vwllJ flee wihcirownL'auniry ami [l-hvc us 
to cncouEilcr i\ih nidii hcic. 5a Lonvcy iiur message lu Ihe Quraysh aiid Uic 
GhaiafSn. 'By AlJab. wc m\i nai t'iglii Muhummad wiili thciii unless you 
^ivf us hoMflge.";.' TTipy rffiis;u<l lo do 4o. Alkih kiinipd up di>UU';l among 

them. He seni a bilicr siorai ijg:ijnci ilicrn ou ihe oxlremcly oolt! "A-inicr 
n^hls, which ovenumcd thtiir t^rtiking-poLs and veiids, H;ivmg JL'jniL'd 
aHpui ihciT diwigrcemunt jmd how Allah hail dispi,T*;ed Jhcir tonkderaiiim, 
Ihe Pfophet (pbuh) summoned Hudhayfah JhniU-Yamiin to send hjin lo 
iJicrn and find uul whm ihny hjid tlimir {h:ii ni^lv. 

Muhjiminad ibii Kaij al-Qura^i reported fluu a nun iTom KOfah said w 
iiudhayluli. 'Did you really stt llic Mc.vsen^er o\ AHjIj and iiccompany 
him?" Wticn he jriMvered yc«. iic i»kcd uhai ihcy v.ac doin^. "Wc used u> 
live a hard life." H>idhByfuh said. He 5&]d^ "By Allah. IT wc were wuh him, 
wc would FiciE huvi; lefi him lo walk mi ihc^ grminJ, biti kvouLd have C'irrkd, 
lum *jr nuT "ihoulders." Uudhayfah wjid, "'O ncphi>\t. by Allah, vie wtric with 
ihe Prophei ipbiih) ^T the ironch. Afier he h^d offcreJ prayers Tura piiit of 
the night, he turned to us and asked. 'Who v\'(ll ^ri up tatd ^o U' f\iui mit f/ir ax 
what Jhf vnt-my }i dttmii undt/tejt mum. tuui I ^iiil invoke Allah rfw /Moiighry thai 
he htr jjiv mmratlf ot Fanidi^i- ' No one moved t>ecause of tTie extreme fear, 
hunger and told which pvv,iiled. When no imc Rsptindfd, ihc F*Riphei 
[phtih> ciiilctl UK. and J had In go lo him whon he eailcti mc. O Hutiiuivfah. 
go fhmugh ihd epfmv nnd iiivmigair wlwl fhfv me ft/img. Do noi do imvihmg 
fW.fc-j uritit \i/u rtuiic Inirl In u.l' ^aid Ihc Profihi:* (phuhl. So I \ieni thi'migh 
Fhe enemy \vhile the wind and iho ^oldte of Aliuh wer? dcjling with Ihem 
as ihey did, leaving neither po(. nor fire, nor lent slondinp in ihcir place. 
Ahfl SuiVSn goi up ssying. Quruysk Id cvcrv- man liee who is sitting 
Ixside hir^.' I held ihe hand of che nimi ai my stdf a^'^king hini who hi; ^'u^ 
ijiid he.^aid, " w-mid-W,^ ' * 

Then Abfl Sufy5n said. O Qurjysh. «-e are n-H slaying in a pcnnancni 
camp; ihc linnies and cainels ha^e perished; flanO Qurayjah liave broken 



I [ii Slui'ii .li Miiuuhif' ~Whcn I ifji>l ihi: liiinJ ■>filK tHtrm mv ri^fit-sMli:. I a-4(d hi\u. 'Wlji^arF 
youT. Jind he replied. Mu awt^nh ^n At-! ^ufyanMhcn r look, ilic lijind til ihrtirpf; on my I^H' 



-CS) - 



mini he wji gruntc^l nmiyrduiii in ihc Ba[Uc oTi.be Trench. May Allah have 

mercy on ilitmjlM 

'Amr [\>a Vmayyah A^-Dnmr'i -And an An£3rr of Banfl 'Amr ihn ^AwV^' 
were ou! on Iheir gr^ing ground. Tlicy recognized [he dcaih of ihcir 
compunjons when ihey saw birds encirdmg iheir camp. Tryiny ro 
Jnvcsiigaie ihe n^a^lcr. they found ihe men lying dead, while thcjr kdlcrs 
wcie ManJm^: near hy on ihelr horses. Ami Fiugge.iicd tEtJi EHey should 
inform ihc Prophet (phii|i> rtboui the new!(, bul the Au^JiiT Tdl unable to 
\cave the place where Al-Miiridliir had bean kilJcd, so he foughi itn: gii^jp 
until he wissloJn. ' Ami wa* Ciipiim^d. hut when Iw Ndihijm ihjii he vviistif rhe 
Mucjar tribe, 'Amjr ihnui-Iufayl released hjm after he b:id cm hh hdir. U wus 
alkgt-il Ihal he did so 10 fultl! Lin oaih cito by his fimiher lo ,'«;u slave free. 

'Amr (cached Al-Qarqurah ai the opening of a canal when iwo rrwn of 
BanQ^Amirjciincd him in the shade of a tree. Anir diJ noi know ihaiUi^e 
wm A pledge of proieciioo bciween die Prophet ipbiih) and Ban(j ^Amir 
When he knew ihar ihey belonged lo BaaO Anur, he killed ihcm whiJe ib<fy 
were sleeping h> avenge ihe talline of He l^:qiHei"s Companions. BeiumEng 
laihc ProphcMpbuhl, he lold him of his deed. "Yau /mie Idlfed 1^,11 nji'n ^h/Hi- 
ht<WNi-mtn'ry / fhtitit,/ fiilfl." said Ibe Pt^pbtt, ^I'hii' a nii fM^cii'ri*' 0/ Aba linr^'. 
I did tul like and Jeured lim <expediuanl" When Abfi ByrA' heard rhe newt; he 
was cxireiaciy annoyed by 'Amir's vioTaiion of \w^ pledge by kitling lie 
Prophei's Compaiioas despiie hi,i promise of protecTion. 

Among [ho^e who wcIT^ slain, was "Amir ibn Fuhajrah. According 10 
Hicham ibn 'Urwah, 'Amii ibmii-Tufayl a]iked, "Who was ihe man amonp 
ihem whea he was killed, 1 %aw him cleviteU htiwfcn ihe ejith and (he 
sky?" They answered. "]( was "Amir ibn Fuhayrah." 

The Prophet Expludes Banu An-Nadir, 4 AH 

The Prophci (pbuhj weiii [u BiinU An-Nudir seeking [heir help to pay Lhc 
hlood-nioncy for Ihc iwo nien «r \\mif whom ' Amr ibn Umayydi dd-Damri 
killed after he (Ihe Prophen had given them a pledge of ptoieelion. There 



I Al-Mundhii ihi MnhuraiigJ ilin tJ[|tuh 



— Q^-^* 



of ihe Ticncli lie made a mark lo he dislinEiiished in bin pcamoji. When he 
and his cavalry hdlicd. be challenged anyunc lo^i ibx\. 'All worii uuc saymg. 
"0 Anu". you made an oath to Allah i hat if any mun of ihc <)Liray*^h offered 
you (wo allemulives. you would choose?" 'Yes. 1 did." he ;^aid. Aii 
continued, ' Ik'n I invite you m Allah, His Prophet, and l.slom, " He said, 1 
DiTi n^iedluis orilitm" '^ALI reiuncd. "TTki] dismuuni for ihc chullungc " He 
k^cphcd, "Q nephew, hy AlEah. f do noi waiu it* kill you." ''AIT Mid, "As for 
me. by Allah, f want io bitl you." Thl;; infiinaicd ^Anir so he alighEed. 
hamsining his horse, and sirack ii& face; llicn he approached 'Ali. and had a 
fierce duel in which "Afi kilkd him. Their cavalry hem£ beaten, hurriedly 
fled aero'is Ihe lieneh. Ikrimah ihn Abi J»hl cost down hi& lance a,s he fled 
after "Amr's di^alh. 

In the Buules of (he Trench and BunO Quruy^ah. die MiLsiimb' cry was 
'm^MimV^* They will noi te helped^ 

Allah dt-stribed [\x Prophci fpl>uh) and hjs CompanfbtK bting in fear 
and diffit^uliy when )hey wi?re allat'Lctl by their cnem> from above and 
below. Nu aym ihn MaVud weni to the Prophet (pbuhj lelhng him that he 
hadsecrcily emhraccd Mam, und rtis own people did noi know ii. and asked 
him la commund him \o do atiylhing lie ^phiilj^ wanLcJ. The Prophci Ipbuhj 
suid, "Yeu itff oniv fWJif nww aiming uj. so fio and mcttr disintst tmion^ f!n^ enemy 

ImmcdialtJy, No'uyni hcaJcd for Biuili Quraygah \vi(h whom he had 
Wn fl comrade in his^ pre-hlamic days, Afier inenrioning hi>; g(M)d will 
towards them and oJ (heir special relationship. Lhey atknowled^cd x\\ax they 
did not feel su-spjciou^ rou^triis him. He 4aid. "The Quraysh and ihc 
Ghi3luf>in are not hke yoe: the town is yours which eneompuyie^ your 
property, wives, and children: you cannot depart and go anywhere cli^e. Tile 
Qumy^i and the (Jh^iaf^n are here to T\^ Mutiutnmed and his 
CompanioEj^. a^ yoj uc *tuppoTiing ihcm againM hiti), but their l^uid. 
|ttOpcrty, and vivcs urc not here, io ihcy arc ditffjrent from yoo. If ihcy find 
an oppnnuniiy Ihcy will seiTC it: bu( if ihe MindtioTi goe.^ had, lhey will 
relurn to Iheir own land and Ici yoii confront ihc man whom you will noi be 

w:.)! AJ-Dulilianj ctinuTiLTp.:^ jjnnhc> cue coic of ihc miTOtin iif ihc <Jjrui imJ none bui AUiUi 
UODGlEDDAtiChin-irii^aninsii. i AJvLsort 



AWuiliili ihn Abi Uokr reptmcd ihiiE Uiey wen: driven oui acaiiLipanietl 
by ihcir women- -jhildrcrn. mii properly m a prrtce^siim c^f nijjjxic uml sm^mg 
jiiiis. Artjong ihcni Nva* Umm Auir ot ^salmfl, jn cjt-slave wijriian of 
^Ui^'A^ ibiiul-Waid :il-'AbN, vhijm ibov hiiJ boiigtiL from hira. Their 
biiiiishmcmwa-i full r>fpom^f»usiicsi and i»plcnrfi»r as had never been ^holvll 

We^Jlli >ui\ rejTiumccl for the Pii^phcl tpbtib^ aa Ixiuiy, u'hrch !ic coulil :ls 
he wished. He ditidea ii iimong ihc tarly Mtihajirirn iinti gav^ fnnhinti <o lUe 

Ansar, wiih the c?<ctp[[oiHo SahHbn Hitnaijf ;ind Abfi Dijjanah Simmaic ibn 
Khiimshiih Air ifieir poserty, 

Sural Al-fjii-ifir wus n?vi;alcJ L^nljtcly ;ibour B^nfi An^NjdTf, Ii Ts d 
Iteord of Alljh'^ Wraih an iheni, an*i Hi: £bvc His Prnphci jpbulu con.16?^' 
ovcnhum, AJIahNJiid. 

dWekh\Vh> rtro\-r futi fhf msh^Uevrr.i omrmi; the people pffhe Sc/ijt- - 
tufet^A thv /f»i P/Tfi^ jrthf ofHttiiii An-NiHtt^r} fran their hums at the 
ftni j^athn-in^. Yoa difi tiff liiink rfmt tJiry- hon/J jk-j inir. Aiui they 
riiiini^ht Itmr Ih^ir forirfi^yrs would Mf™d iht^i Jron\ Ahah* Bui Aihifi'X 
fTrvfwwnjJ rairlifd fhtfiit fnii'i a pldtf ^hrrct^ tfifv txpectetl it nor. antf 
Hf rmi iere<>rmift their hettni, ju thut fhe\ dc.Htntya/ iheirtwn dneft- 
itiffXiiirh rhftrnivn imjuls eipdiiieinnuixofihebrDfvtirs.'k 

Thcv dtmoU^cd Uicii !jv)u^i^> Jitwn ui ihi: Utwr linicl. ciking ii wiiti (hun. 

4 Thft\ lakt- adinmiitton. U ymi with evts do see,. And luiJh not been 
ituii AUati /itid detrrerd extU/itr fl^h Hf vf»iid_.Ciftimtf\ fiav^ ptirmiv^d 

iB'id. rn ti}£ Herc^ficr thcira ahdi be thr uimum tAtUf h'ltt, 'k 

(Al-Hashi-2-5l 

*Whai ytftt lO Muxilmsi an Joi^n ef t/ir putfi-rrtes fof the fiirfjiyi. or 
you U^ them siitnding m ihcir si.mi. if miu in' Ume <4 Alfah. flud in 
order jW ffe nn^ht Jisann^r the Faiiifutt irebetUifit.i. di^<thfdtent to Al- 
lohh And vhai Mfafi ga^t tis /«*>/>■ iFa\"} ta Hia Mes^ot^tr Mi- 
hcinuimd^ ffum slvm, fot ninth ^(f\* made nfi expedirion ii'ir/i firhcr im"-. 
airy or ctimftry. Bur MltJt giver po'^cr /ti tfij Ata.fen^^er.t over 



Leave me ns ] am. for I have ;i]wa^s found him byal and miihfjf." tJliv^iyy 
kcp^ on Ctm^'mg Ks'b unli! m l.t-l ho ^ave up aad pmEiii.ycd hiin Thai if rhc 

Quraysh and ihi^ (jhaEaian fariwl to achieve ihcir mrgoi, he wcmld enicr his 
fortivs'' tK* fao; ihe same Taic \& his. IliUi he iurqiiiucd iht cuvenjnl K'lwei-n 

When news ihoui ihe Jews' mihgucs lo hrcak iheir covcnJiH-s tcai-hfU 
ihc l'niptii:i iphLjfi), ho disf>^ti:hcd Sa d ihn Mu'Mli ^l>n ;in--Nir EUitr^, itin 
\ciidci of ihc Aws. and hSo'd ihn 'I'bddoh ibn Diilaym. the leader of [he 
K.hsi:^-rii[. iirnJ Khawwai ibn Juhayr li» Hnd oul whether ihc report was iruc nr 
nol. "If if IE true vii-e rur a cryptU- in'Siaf-e si'huh t can uiulr^rsianil iinil do iial 
nr^krn il\e pciipte's t^/nifiitrni-e: maS if ihfy -itiU i-flnfunri to lUrii iifin'taivni w-ah 
Uii. declare jr pitNkty hefoif lUf pt'itpff." odfred \\k Prophi,'! iphuh). 
Unfonunuwly, ihuy tJiscovcrc{l lHui [he simaiion ^ias worse ihan ^vhjt hjii 
reai:hed ihcm. ]\\cy spoke disparagingly of ihe Prtiphei (phuh), suyiny, 
"Who ih Uic Messenger (if Mhih? Wc do ni>i have iiny piici or covc;i;mi wilii 
MuliJiiviniid- " Sis'A "ibn Mu'Sdh reviled ihcm and ihey an!iwcrL?d hini in ihc 
same u/ny. He \^'as ;i hifih-Mrung nuin, « Sa'd ibn "Ubadah laid ro him. 
"Su»p insulting Ijicni Uir dvc prtiblcm k tcx) ^'nfHis for reLriminfll^un. ' Back 
to'ilhe Proplici [pbulu, ihe iwo Sa'di said, aftef grcehng him. "iThcy have 
belayed us like) 'AJal and Al-Qir^". I.e, jl n like rhc ireai^hriy of 'AiJjI 
ilnd Al-QSrah towards the men <3f Ar-Ra;r, KhubayS untl his frrciids. The 
Pmphei ipbuhj sdd, "Aiidha Akbat! Havegiod litOn^i, MnsVunst' 

Tbt ."iiiuaiioh hcearoc s^i^ve Eind a sense of fKir prevailed. The enemy 
eaifle ar Ihcm from above and Iwlow iiniil gmvc fcafi passed Ihrough ihe 
believers' mintls, Hypi^crisy iva;; pre^aleiii among ihe hypoL'riies. to lire 
extent IhaL Mu'ultih ibn Qo-shayr said, "Muliamniiid a^vtd in ^ivc uh ln>pc 
dial wf u'oujil ^i/f The in>a.m]re^ cif [he Pcrsioas und ihe RomLin^. and now 
none or 11*1 feelh see«re when going \<\ ihe pri\'y*" Also. Aws ibn Qay/t 'laid 
puhikJy To ihc Prtiphd Ipbuh), "O MeM^cngcf of Allah, our houses are 
cxpuseil \Q [!jv enemy so allow as to go home, for it is oulstde Madinah ." The 
Prnpliet fpbulit aaid ih.- polythcisis spenr mun; ihan iwenTv dyy^. ^mosl a iTH^nlb- 
wilhouf wjiT Willi du:i?xCL*pbr>nof somL'arrou'shooiings.and liic siege. 

When dislres> became tougher tm the Muiilim.s llie Prophet ipbcjht sent 
lo ihe Jcaiiers of Ihe Ghalitfaii. "Uyaynah ihn Hisn and Al-liiiith ihn Awf 
a]-Murri. offenng diem Ji ihird of ihe fiuiis of Madinnh cr cciiiliiion Uiat 



for Banii Mubdiib and Baiiu Thalabah of the Ghai;ifSr. irnrU he hailed at 

Nakhl. Thb \;as Jhc Invasion of Dhfl[uf-Ri4a\ A huge troopof ihc CbjiaiSii 
was coDfroQTcd. TIk iwo panics had draun nearer lo one -mother, bul no 
war occiufcd. a-i each was frightened of the oihcf. The Pruptttt (pbuh) 
offered the pruytr of foiir, ihen ho wl off with ihc men. 

Jabir ibn AlHiiNali said, "I Icli wiih ihc Prophi^i tpbuht lo mid 
Dhatur-Riqa oj Nflkh] on my weak camd. On nur tetum, the cnrnpany 
pn:i:i;iJeU \iK wtiik- I lagged b\;tiind umiJ Uic Prophei ipbuh) tame lo me 
iL-iking inc whji the iioublc v^a^. I luld Jum Ihai my tiunci was kteping mc 
beliind lie told me lomakeit knwL When 1 did Ht», he niaili: hii caiiict 
kneel loo and said, 'Cnr mr 'ftfj tanc in -mur haitd or cut me a brannh fivm a 
tnt'. I did %o nnd hp took it and pralded \hv cumel "icvcrul rimes. Then he 
asked me [t> nde and wc went aff. B> Him Who sent him with (beTmib, my 
ffeebfc> canw:! became as swif[ as his sbe-camct. 

Whilc wc were lalking, \ht PrOp!ic( ipbuhi prc^joscd to buy my cameh I 
wa^ ready lo orfrr it a^ a grfi *n him. hiTt he iniii^Ted on buying it. I asked 
hiin \a make mc an offer. Whi-n he siitd lha( he would piiy i\ dirf^nm fnr it. I 
disagreed and said ihauhis was not a suitable price. Then he raised the offer 
IQ two dirbams and again 1 roftiscd. The Praphei |pbuh^ kept on increasing 
the price until il reached an ounce (of gold or silvcil. I said. 'Da you 
con.Ken(. O Messenger of Allah? 7«," be rcioncd. Then I snld him the 
caraeL Coniinuing i:ui lalk. he asked mc whether [ was niarned or not. 
Wlien I said yes he a^ked if ^hc hud been it virgin or previously married 
woaian? I told bim diju sbc had been married hefore and he iiaid. 'ii wmlii 
br iiturrrr ij ^he wns a^tmijn winium S(t ifiui ytm could pia^ W^esherr 1 slated Lo 
him thdi after my fjihef hjj been tsjlled as a tiianyr at L'liud. I K'camt; 
responsible U'r Jiiy wvcn .%i5ic3s, so J had nTurricd a nmthtrly woma;» to look 
»fiK Ihtfni efficienily. He said, 'Hi^ht ,Ic<-J. jfAlhh >iiU.\ 0>i nurturivahaSirSr 
ithFPe inifeicfrcm ^hidinahy w^ i^-iU ttrdffr i^imiiffs te he alau^h^yr^K spr/id ihf i/av 
iher^. wiA i^hfn i7ir lifuri ahout MX shi" will shdkr thf duxi off hffr citxhums.' [ iaid, 

"Bui by Allah, we have no cushinnsi' Ht ^inswcrcd, Bm yaii will haw. Wh^n 
you re/Hm. ih a •wfU-hrbaval deed.' Arriving U Siriir the ^ophci [pbuh) did 
vha\ he had ^aid: cnmds were :ilau^lered and wu spent ihe day there. At 



logLilicr [o make the prepanniijn.s for this war. Funhcrmorc the same hand 

of Jews piofwscd the war inviiiilk>n lo Ehe Ghalafin mforming ih^m !hat 

Lhey woulii iuppon ihcm and ihai inc Qura>'sii had already responded lo 
ihcm, so lhey dc«picil lo join m die fighi. 

The enemv was composed of ilte Quray,sli kii by Abfl Sufyfln jhn Harb, 
mc Ghitiafan toy Uyaynah ibn tL'^n ^ilh Bariii Fazanih. Ai-iiaridi iLm Awf 
itin AhE H^i^^li aJ-Mum wEih B^Q Munah, and MU iir ihn Rukhaylah 
"wilh ihose whn foHt>wed him from Ehc Ashja*; 

ticoring uboui ihc cunspiraiy. itie Mjslims dug a (renc^ uround 
Mjuiinah-Thc Pruphct ipbi^) joined in digging ll to cn^oLira^c ihc Muslims. 
The Mushms were pcrsislcni in (his ^xienuou^ labor wi(h him. 'a.licreiw. ihc 
hyiTOCnics slarkcncd in ihfs la^^k by corKeaUni* rheir real miemion ami 
ptcicndine Ui work with llic slightest eftbft and sncakinfi away to fheir 
fainihes wiitioui notirying Ehc Prophei r.pbuh) and wirhuut hia pennission. 
Oil [he coniraEV- whf n s believer was c:'iposc*I lo an cmcfgcDCy they wouki 
ask Ihe Propht^l s penm^sion la ^o and carry au[ his mailer oiui then rrtLtm 
10 hts assigned lask which he liad IcH sii as lo H:ck Itu: food ami rjglii way. 
Conccming si,ich believers ATljih revcLiicd the following verse, 

i^TThr true he^ev^rs are tmiy ii\<tse, ivftir believe in fiiie Oneness of} At- 
Uiti uiid tiis Messenger (Afi'/nft'iitufi. anti i-'/rrn ihfy arc nitk him on 
sKf^ie tomrnofl iittinti: iftey si> toi a*i-fly tiinl ihey have askfd hi^ per^-. 
jnhxin/t. Verilyt Tbn^e ivhrt ask ytmr pt^rmhsitm. ihnxe are lhey wftn 
{FeaUy\ ht!i^\e w Aflsh aijJ His Mpsse/iger, So if ihey ask yviir per' 
mission far sem<- nffain of jhtirs. five permission ro nhrmi vo» wiU of 
ihiTin. tiiiil Oik i\lliihfiir jiteir fiir^ivenrsa^ Truly, AUah is Ofi-For^ivin^. 
Mmt Merciful. ^ 

(An-Mur 62) 

This vcfse was seat down concerning rhose Musliini^ who dcsirul the 
good, were keen uboai it. and ubcycd Allah and Hii Messenger (phul)). 

Iti tlic ncut verses x\llali speaks tif ihe hypocnics who were sneaking 
away frnm ^hc wvik *nhou; the PropheiS petmission, 

^Mutf rnrt lAr lulling i^f iht i/r.wjw.wr (MatiunujtaJ} ampnn ymt lu 
yoiw caiilng afotte ofiother. Allah hto^vs rliose ofyait who .xtifr away un- 



Ihn IsJiaq iiiid thai wften rhe Pmphcii iphilii rc^mmtrd lo Mydimih be 
Sttyeti in il for ik rest: of JumStla al-Uld, Jiimida al-Akhirah, and Rajab. 

The Second Expedition to Badr. 4 AH 

In ihc monih of Sha^biln kcqiin^ l^|^ iippuininicui with Abu Suf^fln ai 
Badrn the Prophet (pbuhl spem eigiii m^m^ ihere waiting fur hJm, However 
Af>0 Sufyiin hjiU gone wiih Hk people of Mskkah umiT ihcy re^^he^T 
Majmnjuh" ' in ihc aiea (ff A^-^hf^n. where he drciiicd (o go biCk. He ^uid. 
"O Quraysli. ii is a fertile year thai suits von moit in order lo p^lure Ihi; 
imimaK on rhc herhaj^e jnil diiol: ilvir milk, hut ilns ytar la jn arid one, I 
am going lo rcium. so iciuni uiili lue." 11it:y did. The Peopli: of Mjkkah 
called llicm 'Tlic Parctied Barley Aniiy", saying ihar ihcy nicrclv weni om 
lo huvc" paitliod barley. 

Having a covenaai wilb l.hc Propliei (pbub) after ibc ^iutrtnder of Bjhii 
Damrah in Ihc raid of Wftddin, Msikhshi ihn Ana rtd-Oamri met rhe 
Pmphci ipbuh) while aI Baiir v/iniD ht was wailing for Abii SiifySn. He 
flaked wbelher he had come to Hadr to ineci ihc Quraysh. Tlie Piophei 
iphvib) hiijd, ">'«, O braihtr vf Burnt iMmreh. 1/ yau hwA k? twn lunfc/ rfir 
'fl!if^c™c"/ /-(^ifi-jr lu tuidfijilir mu ^-ith the ^^tfntuiiiU Aflufi Jmif^i-^ hfityrfii usJ" 
He iin^wtfftfd, "No, by Allnh, O MLiKjiminsuL we do aol inicnd anyrhing nf 
Ihfl^ kind." The PrapheMpbuhl remained waiting fur AbuSufyiin. 

The Invasion of DiimatuMandal. 5 AH 

The Prophet (phjh) rcmnhed for a month in M-idiniti untU Ihc cmj of 
Dhiil-llii|!'lv 4 AH, 'Hie pn^yihciM?i were in charge of Ihc pilgrimage (h;ii 
year dux Then, the Pmptict (phuhj went forrh to raid Duuiainl-Jandal^^, 
Howc^'er. he tanie back before reaching ihc plate, and thus wilhiiiil 
Hghline. He .spcnr die rts( of rhe yeiir in Mflilinah, 






Ihn Ktliiq >j1<1 fhai ufwin ihc Prophtl (pbuhi iinunied lo M:nfinnh 1ii? 
Mayctl in it for Ihc rcM of Jtrmadn aVUli Juma^lii aJ-Akhitah. and Rojab. 

The Second Expedition to Badr, 4 AH 

In ihi^ mcimh of Sh,i'biiQ keeping his apfwintmcm wiih AbQ Sufyin ill 
Biidr. die Proplwi fpbuhi hjwni eighi nighii ihcru ii'uiling forhim. However 
AhQ 5uf>'^n had £one with Itic people of M;Akdh ^ntit thi^y rraehtd 

Majuiinuh^^iiiihcdieaof A£-&ilLrJin. wnt^hedeeidctlioguback He iaid, 
"O QuraysK. il is a feriiLc year lliiil suits you more in order lu pifsiurc llic 
unimuls on ilic hcrhagr aud drmk (heir milk, bul ihifi year is an and an^. i 
aiu gotng w return, so rtiurn wiEh iiie,'^ They did. The PeopJc i*l Mukkah 
calfcd them 'The Piirt-hed Barley Army'n sayinp that ihey merely went oat 
to have p:irched timley, 

heaving a co\enynt wilh the PropTiet ipliuh) after ihtj stitnnder of Bcinu 
^amriih in Ihc raid nf Waddar. Makhvh? ibn Am a£|-[2amri niei the 
Prnphet {phuh\ while aj Badr when he wjs waning f^ir Abu SufyJn. Ho 
asKcd s^'heiher lie had come \o Badr to meei the Qm-jy^fi. Ttie Prophel 
(pbuht said, "Yf.'i. O hmrher n/ Riimi Dimtrah. ff yau »ish *ir cuh caniri the 
a^n-iyivHt fvf*-et-'i hi uitdft^ln \ini \iirh the \^>^fn! unit! Aiitih Jinlgen benvem iwj'* 
He iinswcred. "Kti. by Aii^h. O MiiTiJvmmaJ. wt ik- noi inicud anything i>f 
thai kind." Tilt- Priiphi?] iphuh) remaiaed wailing fur Ahu SuljBii. 

The Invasion of Dfimatul-jandal. S AH 

The Pitiphei (pbuhj rcmniaod fwr u month iti M^iJtnih untD the end of 
Dliul-Hijiahf 4 AH. The pnlyiheists were in charge of Ihc pilgrimage Ihat 
year loo. Then. Ihe Prc^phei (pbiih) wcni furih to md DOaianil-Jandal^, 
However, he came hack befon: reaching Tfie place, and lJ:u* \Ki]lhniH 
fiytiliiig. He spuni the rcM ofllie ycai in Miidlnah, 



\. f^icii iljidriii^kihffHiiriiJ ^^hlhlr,ir1l^r^ AbiliillObilifiiiBlili. 

a. Niflhlii an.ay Jmm Mudinah, ^d he \cSi i^iJi' ibo Arfiiah \s\ i-iei^sii MjhJimih. 



togcihor [0 mikc the prepaiations for ^his war, Funhtfrmorc the same banil 
of ]ews pn;>poficd ihc w^ in\iiaiion lo ilie Ghaiafan informing [hum that 
lhe> wtMiJd supptHi Uiem and Ihai (he Quiaysh had already Kspvmdeii to 
ihcjn, su tlffiy BLLcpird 113 join in iht? fighL 

The enemy wai corapiised of ibe Qurayih led by Ahu Shfyam ibn H^. 
(he GhaiafSn. by 'Uyaytiah il>nJiisn wiih Banu r-ay&rali. Al-HoJilb ibn Auf 
Ibn Abi Hadihah al-Muni with Band Murmbn and Mis ar ibn Rukhaylaii 
with ihoK *ho folltiwed him from ihe Ashjfl*- 

Hearing iiboui ihc con^pimcy. ihc MuslinLs dug a iraiich arnurd 
M^fJloQli. The iVophtl ipbtih] joincJ in diggiin^ iL (o cncouia^c etc M j-ihiiis. 
Tiic Muslims were pcrnitTtni in rhis ^Jtrcrtuous labor widi him, w/hercsL^ (he 
hypocrites s^ackcnc<1 in iliis tasl; by mncealing ihdr real inlcnlion and 
pictcnJing u> wtrrk wiih the ^lighlesE cffon and sneaking away to their 
families without noiirying ihc Prophei (pbuh) mil wiUioui his permissioii. 
On ihii contrary, whi^n & believei' was exposed m an tfmcrgcacy they would 
ask Uje Ptopttcis pcnui^sion to go and cairy out his tnailer and ihcn reium 
lu h\^ assigned lask wliL^h he had Jcti so as 10 sctrk ihc ^mxl unU righi way. 
Concerning such believers Alhih rcveolec! ihe following verse. 

4) Till' fnie ttelievfrs arc on/y ihuje, u/it? tn^fie\-e m ff/if Onent^ss iff) .4/- 
/f^/j (iifl/ fiii AteSicu^tT (Muhui'iiriiulK mid n'hcn Jliry are nilii ftmi <rn 
Xitme common nmiltrr^ ihuy iff hoI nwijv wuit ihtry haye a^'ked iiis p^ry 
n\i.K.i'nni. Vtrilyf Thine 'I'hn mk ytrnr prrmi^iinn. thu.'ie nrf tivry H'/io 
(rea//y| btiir^e in Allafi and His Mvssfn^iT. So if they w/k vatir per- 
mission far some affairs of tkars. givr prmii>sion to wh'm vim will nf 
rhrm. undaik Alhihfor their forgix^ne.ss. Tritiy. Altah is Ofi-Forgiving. 
Must M^T£ifid.y 

(An-Nar; 62J 

Tliis vtjrse was sent down concerning those Muslims who desired Ihe 
good, wt-re kt-en about ii, an J obeyed Allali and His Me*isengar Ijibuh), 

hi ttic ncjtt versus Allnli speaks of the hypocntes who were sneaking 
away fmm ihc work wiihi^iui the Prophet's pemiL^sion, 

iMiik^ f^in Ihr tiiil'm^ nf sfic McSKcnf^tr {Muhummtidl ampng you as 
your. calling of one itaviMcr, Atloh knuws those t/f yowA-ho ilip away un- 



for Banu Muharib and Banti Thc'labah of the Gh^a^n. umil he hailed at 
Nakhi.Thif, w-a-sihi^lnvusintiofDhfiLiir-Ri^ij', A huge (f oi>p of Ihc Ghatafiiu 
wfli confronwd, TTie ivjo panics had drawn ncaief to one another, bur no 
war occurred, a:* each was fri^iuencd of ihc oilKt. The Prophci ipbuh) 
yffcTtd ihc pmycrof fear, ihcn hcscL off with ihc mcD. 

Jabir ibn ^AbdrUah said. "I left wiih the Prophci ipbuh) K1 raid 
Dha[ur-Riq§^ of Nakhl or my vcok caincL On cur rcmm, rtic goraparry 
preceded nic whik- 1 Jigged lichuid uniii Uic Pruphci ^pbuh> came 10 rne 
[isklng iiic wtuii die iroubic was, I loJd him thai my caxnel wa^ ki:cpmg tiK 
behind. He lold inc to make ji kocci, Wtu-n I iIjlJ ^d. he made his carliel 
kneel loo 3nd SdLd, 'Ciic mt this tane in yaur hand or ^ui uie it brwicli from a 
jrtie', J did SO and he Ivdk it and proJded ihe camel sevtral lirncs. Then He 
aSfced mc 10 ride am! we uYnl off By Him Who5j?ni liimu^iih Ihe Tniih, my 
[feeble) lUmcl became as swifi as his sheM^amel. 

While we were [alkingn The P^ophcl Ipbuhl proposed 10 buy my tame! 1 
In'iu (v^dy la offtr it asJ a c;ifl to him. hiil lie iriM^icd nn buying it. T asked 
him la mukc nu- an iiffer. W!icn Ik- <.iiii1 [hut he woidd pay a diriiam for it, I 
disagreed and said that ibis wil<. not a suilablc price 1 hen he rujsed ibe nffcr 
TO iwo djrhains and iigain 1 refused. The Prophci tpbiihj kept oa increasinfi 
\\k pnec ur^lil il rcac^hcd an ouiicc fof gold or silver). T suid. 'Do you 
consent, O Messenger of Allah? Yes.' be retoned. Then \ sold h^m rhc 
canie!. Continuing our lalk. lie asked nie wl^eiher I wjs m:imed or not. 
When I ^aid yes he aiked if ihc had been a virgin or previously married 
womun? I lold him ihai she had been m^irried before and he said. V/ uihvW 
hf iu^itcF ifjili/^ WHS tt younx »vntni io that yvu could pSav icgPihcrP 1 Staled to 
hitn thai after my Tdther had Ijecn tilled as u martyr at Liljud. 1 became 
TCfiponsiblc lor my wvm si^ieis. so I had married a motherly woman to look 
after Ihcm vrficicndy. He ^uih. '/tighi Jet^it. ifAttah nUh On /mr arrivtit m SirHr 
Jfhffe milei fretii MmSiniifi), we will nnier aimrta H> he slaughifrtti, -utrmt r/if Juv 
i/ieiv. tifiil when .vkf hiiirs iilmiii n.i- siit will xlmlcf ihr dua-t irj^hcr ciahif/tt^J 1 Said, 
Bu! by AUah. we have no cushions*' He answexed. ^Bur mu will haiv. Wturn 
you fFtum. lit/ n heU-hcfmvnl licfJ: Arrivinfi ai Sirfir ibc iVophe) (pbub) did 
whH he hatl sjiid: camels were sluu^hiered and wc speni tbe day Ibere. Al 



Lciivc me as \ am. for 1 hiivc always found hiTii loyal and LniThftll.' HuyHyy 
Kept on coaxmg Ka b ufirJI UL Ja^ he gave up nnd promised htm (h.it if iIil- 
Ouniy^ti utid iMl* tJJuiialfln faileii [o achie^T Ihuir target, he yjciujd enter his 
fofirei.s 111 rat:c liie iiinc fiiii? as his. TJiui tie acquilied \t\i: u>vcnimi iTciwet'ti 

Whtn iiewi. aboui ttic Jews" mlrigiieN to bjejk their t<jvenim:s reached 
the ProphTjl (pbutiJ. he dj\iTau;tieil Sad ibii Mu adh ibn ai3-Nu"mAn. the 
leader of die Aws, and Sa'd ibn 'Ifbadah ibn Dul^yiu, liic Icijdci of ihc 
Khj^raj. imd Khawwru ibn Jvihayr ro find out whether die report was tnjc qr 
nilt. "// rf ii Intr i^ii-e mr a cryptic /h^HU*^ H'Arr/r / f/m urni^rwiniiiL esmt Ai> mu 
iWWrf^n ll'c pcofttc's r/HiJi/l/^pre: uiui ij they ilill cnnfiinrt itt \heir a^rptfiiem with 
it.s. dvdurt is piihiiily tiffi'v tlw pfttpte," ofdered thr Prophet IpbuhJ- 
Unforturiutely. they discovered ihur Lhe siiLiaiioo was worse than what iuJ 
reached Lhein. They spoke JL,spir:iBmgly of fhc Prt^phci (phiihl. saying. 
"Wlin is Uk Mti.SMingcf Df AdJiti? Wc do noi huvc nny pact or cnvcnimi with 
Muhamnifid," Su'd ihn Mu'lidh revibd ihcni and il^y uciswcrtd hiiti in dit 
s:imp way He »]!*; ji tiigh-stning man. w Sa*d JKn Xll>adah said to him. 
■"Stop LFisuitrng tlvcm for lllf pMhlem fj; ID& scrbus for rccriminfllion." Biick 
to the Prophei trbuln. ihe two Sa'ds said. jntJr grtcTinj: hiru. 'iThey buvc 
belraycd Jjs liketA^al and AI-Qar^iTi". Ix.'n i^ like ihe treitehcry of 'Adal 
and Al-Qorah towmds ihi: men ot' Ar-Rjjr, Khubayb and liis friends. The 
Frophcl q>bulli Sni J. "Mluhn Aijfdr' Havr jit/j/l Uiirnsn^ OMxiniiti^r 

The liltfation became grave and n ^qkD of feai prtva'ded. The enemy 
eemc at t^em fi'om jbove and btlow uniil grove Icars passed itirough the 
bciLcver\' niindi. Hypcetiby was prcvjicnt jmony the hypaeritei, to Ue 
fxteni Lhat Mu'aetlh ibn Qustiayr ^^d. "Muliunmutd u^d iy\ give ua hi>pc 
ihiiT we u-'Oiild seize the tr&isiire^ of ihif Pcr'Jians and the Romitfis. and now 
none of u?i feels secure wlitn going ti> the pnvi^!" AL^yi, Aws ihn Qay^f <aid 
pnbficly 10 die Prophci (pbuJjL "O Me^^ngi^r of ATlaJi. our houses are 
i.xpi>5;ed 10 ihe eneniy so allow uji to gu home, fur it is imr^ide Mndinah," The 
fti}phe^|*uhlar)d the polylhdsL*: spent inon;tkiniwcn^diiys,altJi(>sl a mtmth. 
wjUintii Wirru'irti thec^tepiion of soniearm^ shootings, and ftw siege. 

When distrcsj tieeiirm.' lou^het on the Maslims, the ftophet tpbuh) %ent 
to tlie leatfcrs of die Ghatafann Lyaynati ibn Hi^n and Al-ilari[h ibn 'Au'f 
ill-Mum. uffcnn^ tlicm a ihird of ihe fmil> i>f MadinaTi on tondidon lliai 



Abdulliih ibrj Ahi Bakr retx>ttcJ ihiii rhcy were driven oul accompanied 
b> ihcir \tnincn.chikUeii. jnJ prDpeny in uprooc^MiwJ af'miisit anJ singmg 
gills. Anions [IiL-iJi was Uium 'Ainr or Salm;i an ex-slave ttoman of 
T'rwub ibnul-W^rd iiJ-Ab:si, whom ihcj hail bouglii ftom him. Their 
banl^ihmtfal was lull of pompuu^^ci^ iinj splendor a;i Iwid never hcen al^ov^lJ 
hyjiiy irlhc i>J'(ln>JT'uini». 

Wcuhh MiN fCTTiaincJ for iht Pn,>plTC( (pbiilil us booiVn wlndi hutouldas 
he ATished. He dividtrd ir nmong die turly MnliiijirQn atid gji^e nnthmg (o the 
Ansor, wiih Uic exccpiion rnSutil rHnHuJ^ajrf jimJ Ahii DiyflniihSimrnHk ibn 
Kh;irdshiih lnr Their pi>\eny. 

Siirtil Af-Hiji/if- Willi revcali^d iiniireTy abmil Biiriu An-Na^r. 1i is a 
record of Allah's Wniih on ihcm. end He s^vc HiK Pixipbcr fpbuiij c^nrrol 
pucrihum, Alluhsuki* 

JiHe it is W)n tJr^vt ow ihr iliihfiiritn munaj^ thv /i^opJe vfihf Srrip- ■ 
rare t i.if. ihr /ewi; of the itibe ofBami An-S'adir) Jrott\ tfieir htmiifs at ita 
Jirn eiirfferin^. Y^iu tild mrt tiiutk Ihnf rhry w/hiU j^l-i niu. Ami ihey 
thitutihi fhal rht-ir fitnres.iv v/niU dejprul ihinii frtmr AUtih! 8ftt Alfuh'i 
flnrnirur' reachsit :hen\ frtun n phu't wtwrviif fht-y ^xpfcifd U 'toi. nnif 
tfe t'ai/ rrrtor inn' ihrii hfurit, sn ihiu iltrv ttc^lrtrvrd iheir tiVin dnril- 
inS^ wilh ihtrirntvii haiuls luij/ thf hands of ihc fn-Uererx. ^ 

Tliey dcinoliNlicd ihi;ir houses doirfti II' die dtMirlinid.iiikingii with (hem. 

■ Then /atv uttrumiiion. O you wiih rws Uo aw). Anti hud it Kvi hi-ga 
lUai MUih had dtcrvud *LsllcJar thitn. ife low^d ceriainly ftuir fumv^htd 
if/fni iit,lhi^ nirrtJ. ^ 

i.e. Willi [be aivbid, 

iimdin the Hvrmfi^r tivir.i Mhall he il\f tonnint t\/ttif} Ftv. ^ 

(AMlashr: 2-3l 

dWftJit wit {Q Miiiiiiitxi iia dc'ivfi of Ihf ptd/n-r/efr inf thr riJimvi. vr 
yon ii^fr ihem .Mwidin^ *iii iheir ifcni- is yvas h\- Leave i/f Allah, and in 
arder ihai Hi' njighi ih'si;n}i-f rtit FUsiiitin frebciff'iui, disohcdimt to Al- 
lah}. And \K'ttvi AUnh ^aw as bmny iFay'} to Hii Mcssfiivrr ihfii 
haniinadt fnrni thp.m. for xihfd^ \('u mmfcr nn t:xpt\UtM}t\ v^'llh either fwv- 
aSry irr eamiftry, But .\Uiih V"'" /ni'i'Vf ut fiis Mmvnf^trr.s iive'i 



of the Trench he made a mark lo be diiiiibiniiAlied in his position. When he 
and hiscava)r^- h^licJ. he chniJLn^cJ anvuiie lo a duel. * AH went oui saying. 
'0 Amr, you made an oaih to Al[;vhlhai if any manof ilic Qu^V'^h offered 
you ivo altcmaLivcfiH you wouki choose?" "Yes. J did," ht said. "All 
continued. "Then I mvUc you lo Allah, Hls Prophci, and Nam ' He ^aid. "I 
BIT! needless of ihenu" 'A3i reioru^d. Then dismouni for ihe chancnge." He 
repiicd. "O nephew, by A\hh. i do ntJi wani lo kill you." Ail said. "As for 
mc. hy Allah, \ warn !i> till you," This infuriated ^Amr vt he ^Ughtcd. 
hams[rLing his horse, and simck iis facL-: ihen Iw approached AIT, and had a 
fierce duel in which 'Ali killed him. Their cavalry being heaien. hurriedly 
fled across ihe trench, '^[kriiiuih ihH Abl Jahl ciisl Jown hi?; iance ns ht HcJ 
flftcr'Amr's death. 

In the Bullies of \\ic Trench und Bttvu Quray^, itic Mu^iinV cry was 
"U^-Mim'.'^'Th&y will not be Mpcd." 

Mah described [he Propbcl fphuhl und hk Goinpanioiis hiing in fcai* 
and difficulty wht-n ihey weic atiatked by their enemy fn>ni above and 
below. Nu aym ibn Masdd went lo Ehe Prophei ^phuhj icMing him thai he 
had M^creLly embia^ed Jslmn, ^nd his own people did noi know ii. and jisked 
him (E> command him lo do anyihui^ he {pbidi) wanicJ. The Prophci (pbuh) 
said. "Vou artonhoM ni<iii /unz-nii us. io g/i otiJ ini-iiy thtirttsf mnun^ ifir rvte/ny 
to w'tirdlUfin n^ii\if\'ntii'itii.firr Marina ^Iratesf^^" 

ImmcdiaEcty^ Nu^aym licadcd for Bunii Qurav^ah vilh ^vho^1 be had 
been a comi^de in hi^ piv-kbinic djy;;. Afler menlioning hi^ goifd will 
loward!; ihcm and of iheir special ^eU^io^^hip. ihey ackno^^'l<.■dg(;d (hai they 
did noL feci suspicious lowards him. He said, "The Qiiraysh and the 
Ghiflafan iire nol like you: the uiwn is yoiinr which cntnmpa^ses ymir 
pmpeny, wives. anJ children; you eannoi depan and go anywhore else. The 
Quniyhh Lind the Ghiiiafiin are here lo fighi Muhainrnacl anj his 
Conipanion:>. as you urc supporting Lhein ogaliL^t him, huL choir land, 
propenv, and ti'ive*; are not here. ?o they are dtffeteni fr(*m vou. If rhey llnd 
on opponunity they wiLl se\it it: but If the siiuuiion goes had. i\vty will 
icium Eo ihcircwn Jundand Ici you canf^om themui whom you wiJ[ not he 

1 Th»r iFTifi-h Tiii^ hdi'c hrtn uKofu Trten\ag m Ifiwn wiili ijjhEch iamttStr^t nTlhf Qin'jn 
[e.g. Ad-Duktin^fitinmeiwc ^\\ ik;> l^ iiiw i>l eJw rrii^A^h^ uf ilv Qui'iii.iBdjDni:^ trMi A'liih 



uQill he was framed nunjrdoni m ihc Buuk of jhc TrcncL May All^ have 

"Amr \hii Umuyyah Ad-namri and an An^Sri nf Banil ~Amr ibn 'Awl"* 
were oui on [heir gra?ing ground. Th*i\ recognized ihc dtJih of ihcir 
compuDioji% when f.hcy saw birds cntirLlinE; iheir c^iinp. Trying lo 
invcsiigaic the mjtier. they found ihe men lying dead, wliiJe thejr kdlcre 
were Mnndmc near by on ilKir hnrst^s. Amr ^ugS^sitti [h:iL thi^y should 
jnfcmn ihc Prophet (pbtiht aboui cbe tic^wii, but il\c Anailri Tdl unable to 
lenvc ihtf plavc where Al-Mundhir hiid twen killcil. so he fouglii ihe giuup 
linlil Tic wu!»sJain. 'Amrwm captiiicd, hul uhifn he Hil iht-nT th]i[ bt* ivasof iht- 
Miidii7Tnfci^, Amir ihnus-lufavi released him after he hadcui hi^ hair. 1l w:ls 
adeged ihai he Jiii so m fultil an oath taken by hi* mo(hcr lo sci d slave free. 

'Amr reached AI-Qarqarah at the opening of a canal when two meti of 
Banu'Amir juined him in ihc shade of y tree. ^Anir didnot know ibat there 
was B pledge of proteciion lieiwcen Ibe Prophet ^pbuh) aixl Banfi ^Amir. 
When he knew that ihey belonged la BanC Amir, he killed them while they 
were MccplHE loflvengc ihe killing oflhc Prophet's Companions. Reiumin^^ 
lo ihc Propbci (pbuhK be luld him of his deed. "You /une MIted n%o imm i\iu'\^ 
hltunJ-nonfy I shouiti fuijil." £aid tht? Profriwl, "TTiu- J.v an omv^mn a/Afm Ifitrd'. 
1 dill mil likv finil fenrtvl ihii Texp^iiion}." Wh=i> Ahii RjirA" heard the news he 
was eTiiremely annoyed by 'AmiF'.s violation iif iiU pledge by kiliia^* the 
Prophei'h Companioiii tlespiie his promise of pruiection. 

Among ibose who we^e skun, was 'Amir ihn Fubayrah. According to 
Hish.im ihn ^L'n^ah. 'An»r ibno^lufayt aske*[, "\^'h^ was fhc mjin aniunR 
%iem when he wns killed, T saw him elevated between Ihe eartli and the 
sky"" They answered, "It was 'Aniir ibn ruhiiyrah," 

The Prophet Expludes Banu An-Nafiir. 4 AH 

TljeProphcirpbijh)weiiHDBamiAn-Naijifscd;in^ ihcirhclp to pay the 
hiood-moncy tor ihc two n^n c»f ' Amit wh*>m 'Aint ibn Uiiiayyuh iid-^im«i 
killed nftcr he Ithe Pi-opbci) liad giivn them u pledge of protctiioiL ThcfC 



I. A;-V.kjjL,hi.' iliL Mij[L;tiiLiiiiiiJ itm ^t'l^nh 



niessage, Banu OLirdyzah said. "Nu aym hid spoken ihc \m\h. The people 
warn yiiu i<i tighl. In case ihe;- have ihc t-kppnrlvjniiy ihcv will muke ihe ^i 
of n; bui in unse ilicy do nui, ificy will lli;c lo their own ojumry and Icavt us 
to encounitff ihtA mm here. So caavcy our nlt:^.^Bgc lo the Qiirav-vEi und ihc 
Ghuin^an, 'By Allah, wc wiW roE llghi Mutiainmuii ^^'ilh ifitrn unless you 
give U'i hrt'iuiEc.s .'" Thi;y mfusL*d ifi fhi Kn. Albli sijircj up tiivm^i Junong 
liieuj. He Mint li biticf sliirni aiitinsr Ihcin on die extremely cotd wimor 
nfghL-i, which overtuincd ihcir uiutinE-TWls anil vessels. Having Ititrruxl 
ifboui (hejr diKigrrcm<:nt itnd ht>vv Alluh haii dlspcrsiid their cctircdefaiion, 
die Pfophcl iphuh) summoned Hudhayfah ibnuI-Vainan to senJ htm id 
IJKin iLnd rind oui whai dKv had done Ih&i righU. 

Miihanintid ibn Ku'b bI-Qutj^T rcponcd Lliai j m^n froTn KiiHih suid ro 
tiijdh-iyfjitt. "Did yuu realty see ihi' Messenger ul Ailiih :ind jcconipany 
him?" Wln:n he aiL>wcicti yes. Ih: a^kecJ whji Ihcj wcie Joing. "We used lo 
live a hard life," Uudhnyfnh snfd He said, "Bv Allah if we svcrt- whh him. 
we would nol h»ve IrTl him m w:dk on the ^runnel, ^ut ^^'0»td huv« eurried 

\tkii on <Hrr >houlders." UuJhayfah said, 'O nephew, by AUali. \vc wen: wilh 
(he l^ophcl (pbuh> A[ Ejic Trciich. Aficr he had offered pmycns for a pan of 
UlU nighi, he cumcdious aUiia^ked, Wfr» witt ^et \ip umi ^t> m pud ottt fnr tm 

'wbfji flie cii^niv inloifia tmil then fririim. and iwtil iiivtitf Allnii fhe Aln\ifihiv ttitit 

he he my foifimiii- m t^nrattisef No oi« iTiOTed bwause cf ihf cxireme fCiir. 
hoii^ci ^m} told whji,-ii prevailed- Whcjt no one responded, iht PiophcJ 
(phuhi called ntc, and I hud la go {a him whca he culled mc. 'O Uudfiay/ith. 

ifhi-l imtH vnu tirnte ttficK ii> u.\.' Kniid Ihc Pffipliel {[ibuhl. So I wtnl llirou^lh 
Ihe enemy while [he wind a.nd the soldiers of Allofi were dealing with ihcm 
ui ihcy did. leaving neither poL nor fire, nor (ent sianding in their place. 
Ah& Sufyiin gnl up saying. 'O Qui^ysh. Ici every m^ si'c who is MUing 
besrde him. I held IIk hiind of tlie xnan at mj^ sidt: asking hmi who he was 
iind he said, so-and'so'.*'^ 

Then Abu Sufyfin suid. 'O QLtraysh. wc are noE siaymg in a pcmiuncnE 
caiap> dtc hor^:^ and ^ujncb have p^ushi^: Qanu Qurjtyzjh have broken 



fnu''', iUHj hi' rcp|Lvi,^/Mu Liwiyali ibn Ab| SufyAn', Hioi I im^ [Dc IulqI<;( ibc ddc on my l^fl- 



:<H>- - 



piulorr-ctl mv pmytr/ Ir was likn itiiil Khubjyb eslablishcd Ihc siinnah of 
perfyrmmg iwo MW/i before being executed. 

Then he was upliTrcd uiiio j piece of wiwtl an wlijch llicy tnmnd him. He 
said. 'O Airah, we liavi- dclivcicd if>e message ni Your Mcs^L-nger, so (ell 
Pm lomorrow w-hut rs heing done to us/' Then he sait!. 'O Alfahn count 
Lhcm hy fiumkT, kill thern separately one by orw, and Ic^vc none." Thtn 
iQKg killed him. nii»i Alliih liaw mcftj on hira> 

Mu'awjyah ihn AMSUfyari J,aia, "\ was there that duy with i^kjsc who 
were wiih Abu Sujyan. i& lie pu^hcii me lo (lie ptiund oiif of fear nf 
Khut^jvh'* in^ncation." The)' u^L'd ti> bcheve [bat if E>nL' wus euricii. und 
ihL'ii sicpl tin ihv side die cui^e wonid vamsh. Ii vias tiarrjieJ ihm when 
'Umar ibnuI-Khaiifih apiiojnkd Sa^id ihn "Amir ihn Hidhyam aJ'.ktma[ji 
over a parfuf Sviia. Ik suflcied Mmmg fltswhik' he wis anions I l>e people, 
and ^Vmuv wan tolJ of iiiis. Dmng a viMi u> ^Umiir. 'UnwT :iskcJ him abnui 
biK problem, &n he said, "1 have nothing (o sufTcr fiuiii, hut I wjv ain<.*ng Uic 
Bliu^nA-c-v nf Khuhayh ihn "Adiyy^s killing. I heard hii invocuiion, md 
whcni;\er I ieiiiL'inlii?i a wiica i am in a niLtiing 1 fainl" This aujrmcnicd 

'Unuir'j^iuiminaitan.qf.bim, 

Ibn "AbtMs said. "When ihc espediuon on which Miirlhad and *Aaiin 
were anacktd in Ar-Riijr -umic of [he hyptjtrili^s suid, Alai; for Ihosc 
li^mpii^d [cllows who dKd \n i^uch a way! They nesihcr n'mained w-iih ihcir 
I'iimilics itoT did ihey deliver Ihc nits^iag^ of iheir Companinn; Tlitn Alliih 
Ihi! Almi^fiiy revealed concerning ificmvine^-fihehypflcmes, mAm! of mmkiml 
rh^ttiyhr-\i-liou-^ppri.-hiiijnjitc^ieyrrui0^tiiluui\iiunll. in iffix v^ntillv ti/e^ re. 
Jie niuy us* his longuc rcp ™j wonls wnh uhich he praiend^ rhjil he ti Mus- 
lim.* <uk/ /;i' ,ij/h A/f/i/i Iff ih^ritii £t^ unhii! HVpicft » MI /ei> hcu/j h alihoiifih rhis 
cnnlrndi4;is (haiwhhih tit ^a>s ^ i« /v? h i/u- 'tioH tituxiTtlwint of riic fipfHintniaf 
it. lii.-i'.ar.EunKnUTtiv-c wlk:nlk"ipi:iikswilhytiii i^mMJr.''; ^^r Mmwiuavf/mMi 
you 'O \h'hummaA"if Iz. ivhcn W \^:.\\if- >cHi ^/if» ftfr-rf in the tanJ u m mule 
trtL^ihirj ifieivir uncf ic iIesrro\ ihr mipa unit flu- aillii'. ami AHuh ftkrs not rijiS' 
t-tricfl^ i.e. He docs iirH likf ihJl il should he ni.itle or sprejid, *-4nJ wi\fn ii is .\mil 
tit him. FairAHu/r. lu- is U'd b\ tifTtigiuvr iti tpmrrl crimr Sit rr\i,uf.h i<n him ix 
rfili, n'lJ^unrintleetiii ittat phim lo nsiS ^lul of niaakiiul t-- hf ^im woiiU itil 

— cS) — 



Ap[i[nai:tiir;g rh«ir foits. the Prophei (pbuh) said, "O ymi brfithert pfmbh- 
keVi. his A!hh ili!if*riic-ifif Vi/ii and Sfnt His irsdi^natiifn twi vvni-'*"Thpv flfiswcrcd, 
"O Abiil'QiisJm, you wctcncvi^r a barbarous ptTSon" 

When Llie Pmphct (phulil icacted BaniJ QiJiay^ ^^ sii^pcJ bj" ow of ihcir 
wcl!^, ;i<Jia<;cni u^ theirposscssionsn called the Anna Well. His Companions 
followed X\m. ftnd among Uiem wese men who« lisi prayer was of ihe 
"/j/rd", and i3ic\ bjd noi ofTcted ihe Aiir prayer in aL'ctirdance la ihe 
Pa'phcfs command nni lo do sq except in Bimu tjurayaah. They had been 
much prfoctupL'il wiili war Hnanizt'meniJi. unurilling lo ofTer ibi- prayer 
tiniil ihey would be m R^tiQ Oiiruyi:ahH complymg wiih his order. Tlius ihey 
ofFcrcd the Mr p;uyt:f iheji: after lite TshS" pniytr. Yet Ihey wtre sol Jisgruced 
bctauy; of ihi^ by Allah, iri riis B&ik, iK*r diU Uw PftTphcUpbuhl iq^ 
Baau Qunyziili were put under sitge by ihi; Piriptiul (pbuh) Tor iwcnly-fivc 
Sl^Ls uniil ihcy MVt-n^ fiiiigEied und Allah cast iciror rnio ihcir heart^f. 

Huyayy ibn Akhiah h^d siayed with BanO Quraytah in rhcir Iwts afrcr 
the wilb^\«al of ihe Quray^h and tlie GhiLtafiin, To preserve bi^ wnjil lo 
Ku'b Ibn Asud. \\ bccam: cvi;j[rm for iMi:iti ibiii Ute Pfoj>ltcL (pbub) was 
pcrsisicni K) fighi Ihcm. so Ka'b ibn Aud cric<l oui, "D Jews, you can see 
whftJ hati bcfiilJen yi^w. I pniposc t" you ditec jdttmiidves- Take which y*>u 
like the bc?.t: lo Tdllow this m;tn and believe in him. fnr by Allah. \\ h;kFi 
become apparera to you ibiil be is a Prophel wiib a Message antl [ha! i[ ij; he 
who t^ nicnitoncd in your Bouk: jn J ihen yoit will secure yi^f lives, v^ealth. 
woHicii. and children/' They answered. 'Wc will never violaic (he rules of 
Ihe Torab and never replace il with anoiiier." He said. Then if you do not 
\j3ksz ihi^ prupusdl. kill your wivfs dm! ehildri:n and Pun ga oul, men onty 
wuh (ht^ir swords lo fighi MiiluuiunaJ and hir; Cmnpuniom leaving oo 
hufdens bchimi ytiu, until ATluh jujge^ bciuieen U^i iind Mahumniad. Vt we 

die. \ve die. withwii teaving ctiiidren Iwhind us lo worry about. If we win. we 
caa many other wivc<i anJ have children.' Tfiey !iaid, 'To kiH these piK>r 
ereaiures'^ How can we live after rhem?" He said- ' Tlwn ir you do not <ake 
this proptjsal "Toniihl itiheeveofSatniday-Mostpmbably Miihamm:id and. 
hjs CoTnpiini£^n> will iti^l sare, so why d(» we rot come down and seize 
MuhfiiniiLid 4iL<! hLs C<>mp■lIl^^l^ by Miipmc/' They said. "Arc we lo 
cisrrupr our Saiurduv and Jo on ir swbat our predi^ccs&or^ had done a^ ii i& 
well-known to yLiu ihat ihey were turned io^o apesV" He inswen:d. "None Df 



Islani, so iht:y ncediid some o[ his Companions to go with Lhem lo inslmut 
(hem in reUgion, teach them how lo recite Ehc Qur'an^ and [i> toich ihcin ihe 
IsJaimc laws The Prophci (pt>uh) scnr six of his Companions: Manhad ibn 
Ahl Manhad; KiiSiid ibjiul-iiukayr: ^Agim ibn Thabii; Khub^yh ibn 
'Adiyy; Zayd ibnuJ-Daihinah Uhi Muawiyah: and "Abdullah ibn Xariq. He 
made Martljad m Ihe lejidcr. 

Wlitn ihcy reached Ar-Raji'. a watenrig place of tl)c Hudliayl Tnwarda 
AJ-Iiuaz anhc upper pan of AJ-Had'ah (bctftcen Asfan and Makkah). ihc 
Muiiims were bcrraycd so ilicy calJed [he Hudhay] to help ihcm against 
thciiL While diey were nffguanJ. Uicy were nuddcnly aiEackcd by fiicn wiih 
swords, so they started to figlii ihem: but ihe men will ih^l Uiey wtre no) 
intending to kill them as Ihcy wauled lo proHL iiuvn dclivcf^ng (hem lu the 
people of Makijih. They pledged thar ihey would not kill ihcm. As for 
Manhad, Khaiid and 'Asim, Ibey ^aId. "By Altah, we will never accept a 
covenant nor a pjct from a ptilyiheisi."' 

Thereupon a fijlir look place and the ihrcc ^efc killed- The Hudftayl 
attempted to take " Ajiim's head lu ^cll ii u:. SullfaJi, (tic dju^ier of Sa'd ibn 
ShuhayJ. who. when he killed her two ions ai Ubud. vowed thut if shi: 
c<iuldgelhiahe;id. she would drink wine from his ikull. When the iiudhayl 
approached his body, some homcis cainc between il and lhem, so they 
detjdcd to leave him until nighifali when the horiwLs would go nway and 
they would be able lo uike bi^ head. Yet. Allah ?^t a flood m Lhe valley to 
corry *A^im'^ corpA- away. 'Afiim bad given Allah a pled^t never m touch 
nnr h.; loucht'd by ji iiolyT.hejsi out of fcnr i>f imj>ufity. When he iicttfd about 
the hornets til :it proiccTed Asini, 'Limar ibnul-Khunfih said. "AllaJi protects 
His believing sci%'anl. "A?iini bad vowed ihia no pcilythei^i .should touch hitn 
nor he would ever touch a poTyrhcisl in his life-span, so Allah proiecied him 
after b:*; dcaU just as he hiid protected hLHihcW (i-c, irom being loiKhed by a 
polytbeist) whili; lie wjii fllivc," 

Khubayh ibn 'Adiyy, Zayd ibnul-Diiibinah. and ^Abdullah ibn lariq 
Wficned and yielded lo their desire to live si> ihcy gave up ajkd were fei^ered 
to Makkah to be sold iliete. In At£ahran. 'AlHJullilh ninnagciJ lo unbind 
himwif from thv rope wldi which he bad been federed iind took hold of liis 



In [he morning Bonfi Qur,iy/Lih ■^ut'ciimbcJ ui Ihc PrwphuS JudgtiiKiii 
and \Uii A'M'^ were Liroiiscd ^-lyingn "O Mcsstnger of AJiiih. ihcy Jiv our 
allies, noi [he Klrj^F.-ii'v Ytiu kHfiu-Jitiw you hiwe reiri^mlv irejiL-cJ theirs." 
Prcvitu^ly ihe Pronhcl [phuh)hiid hesicgcd Banii Qajnuqa'.thcex-aMksof 
iht" Kh:i/r.ij, As ihcy had >iiihmiiTed to his jurfpemcm, AbJullJh ihti IfMvy 
jhn Siilfll i«kcii tn huvti ihcm and rhc PruphL-i ipbiihJ ugrttJ. Jhiwcvar. 
when the Awssaklihow words to ihe Pn>pbcl {pbuhi. hosaid. "Wimlil \<i)u i^tr 
uiliifitti. O 'Ws. ifimr vfy/mr uHti sniff K''-'"-'^ '''"^ iuJgfincnt lo/iremins iht^m?" 
They ugrcud,>pti he ■>uytt-.s(i:d iSu M ihii Mtr^ilh lo ^c.ihul man- 

The h"phei<pbuhlbn(fmad(;Sa'dibTlMu~ndhstayinnteinowne(Ibya 
wDman irom the A^l;iEti ejlluU Kitl^iyiLuli cnsiilc ^^ mosque. She used lo 
nurse and lukc taic itf ihc wounded Mci^ilims. Wiicii Su'd had hct^n injured 
by jri ;ktrow ;t[ the ^mile of li\c Trench, ihv Ptt^phc-t ipbikhl urdecvd ihul he 
be put m Biifav<Li\ ii^ni Uiuil he wi>uEd visil him laccr. When Lhc Propbi:! 
.tpbunl ^etccrcd h^m lo jrhirraie an ihe issue o\' B.inii Qurajzah. his people 
vkni to him unil pui him ori ,-& dfwikey a icaihcr ^UNhiun, iis tic u.a.s a 
eoFpukni man. liriiii^mp hiin to ihc Prophcf (pbuh) ihcy said, "Bt kind lo 
yc>ur iDE^nch, for tin: Mi^^ngcr urALIah iphuh] hds appLiinU'd you to judge 
for ituir very puipow.'. '" Wlivn Lhcy kepi nn ^ayi^g so. ht said. "H tfh lime for 
So'd, in ihe cau.se of AILih, noi *o fear rhe blime of -my hlumer-" Hearing 
hi^ vfc-tirdy. iiik of ihosi^ v^'ho w-eic in his c oiripnny went lo Ihe hoi^^if hold of 
(4anu \\bdul-.Ast;h^ mitl prc^miunL-c [i> lhi.-Eii (hi: dLalhofBanJ] Qur.iyzab 
bcrbjL' fhe Lm-iv:Ll oi Sa'd lo Lhem bticauw of the words thai he had iuht 
heiird from iht- ktller. 

Wticn Sa'd rcaL'hcd Ihf? IVopliL-i iphuhi and ihe Mu^^nnis. ifie Pirjpht^r 
(pbiihl said, 'Co to ww Cht^f. The Mirhajimn oi ihc Ql^E3y^h Muii tha^ the 
Pft^hct Cpbuhi inejni ihc An^iar. wluJc Lht- Un^i ihoujihi lliiii lit iiddiL'ssLfd 
all ihL- Muslims, stuhey got up and said, "O Abu Ainr {meaning Sa di. the 
Ptuphti iphtihJ has pui ytiu in Jiarge nf yiKir ijljics' iiffair ihai you juliv 
arbjirmt: eonL'trtnin^ Uiom " SaJ ^sked. "Do yoi) make a covcnam widi 
A*i;ih ihiil you p:i?is llw ludgcmtnt ib:tl \ wiTT pionouncc; on rhern?" They 
said, "Ycr, Hl' added. "Aritl lite one who is k-re?" ^Turnin^il in the 
■cHrccuiin of ihu Popiiei ipbuh) wjihoui mt-miunrng hi* niunc oui of 
veneraiiou^ l"hc F*rophei (phuh^ icplicd. "YtfA". Sa'd sacd. "Then my 
jud'etneni i* that ihcir men should he killed, wculth divided, and women 
and cliJldren laken ha prisoners of war." 



purMjir LikLTvi.^-, ihcir enemy woulJ Vruw ttiai ik Musllllts \\CK inifiniy 
und iJui ihL-irJiwscshad mrt v^cukenctl ihcm. 

Lciuving [hn Umm MjhJflni ii» ttiar^c f>r MadiiirthH iHe Prupher fpfmh* 
reaclic*! ■■ pIfltL- L-flllcd tliiniia'ul-A^iitl. alxiui cighi miles fTcm Mudlnah. He 
^pi'ni MomLiy. Tuosday. ;i[id Wednesday |h,^re jnd iten reltimL-il to 
Madlnah. Mj'bud ihn Ahj MabiLd ai-Khu/il^i mcr htm. Bo(h ihc Muslims 
jnd pulyLhi:isK af (he KhLI?{i'uh M^^re Ccinnd;inK of ihu Piophi-t (pbuh) in 
TrhJinuih, il< ihej aj^feetl anion" [hemNolvcs ibiii [ht>y «iiufd never tiidc 
jiQvlhing frtwn him oi whui wj.s liapponini; iht-re. Tlitiugh j pol>iheis^ 
Mirbiul s^jid, "O MjhanjTimd, h> /Vlljib, wt aic rcjlly sony for whaL \\as 
hiippcjiffd TO you ,inJ ^M^h ihili AJlnli ^VMUId keep \oli >afe ^ntorg tlien;;' 

TfK Prophci ^phuh) nici AbQ Sufy.ln v-'Uh his army h1 Ar-Rawhii''^^ 
Tbcy hiid [JeiennmL'd ui mum lo ilie PropiiL-n nrtT his Conipynmns. Thc:y 
iljijuglii ihjL whik- Nicy iMvl UIkU Lhc hesi iA lUc Mushms. Iciidcni. :ind 
nobles, iliey wuntcd to aaack. ihi^ir Mirvivttps uy c;\[OiiiiinaU" llwrn. Wliou 
Aba Sjfyan ^siw Vfa'bad. he Kud. "Wiiiii i^ up'*" he iinswered, 'Muhamimd 
has lii^iidcd o\f wilh hi*. Comp:ininns to follow yini wim ;m uniiy which I 
have never seen il>c Ijki:. fljnitn^ wiih fury acainsi you, Tk»c who 
prcviojsW siavtftl hmk uic now jomini! him: thc^y ^Icplorc iheir 
non-aiiendanct' uiid arc viclemly jnfunsitjd j^jinsi yuu. Never have I «i!n 
uiiydimg lite it" He cned wondenngly. "Confound you. whai ore you 
ssying'" Hl* jn^veri^d, '^By Ailah, I do noT Ihrnk iIihi you >lioiild ricpjn 
boforc exaniimng iKc fordtJoLs of ilic i;avjilr)." "Bjji wc havt dtLJiJcd lo 
aitack ihfm ,»nd upmol ih^fr riurvivors/' Abu Stifynn i:onriniicd. Ma'bjrd 
oddtd. "Bui I ft>rt"id ilia^ you do ii." K\tnliially. Mji'bad could tNn^e ihe 
mind of Abu Sufy^n and bis followeiS- 

A taravimofAhdul-QayimiH him. Knowinf! ihriMhcy were h-?3f?ing fiv 
Madinjii loF pro^'iiioDs, lie ^aid. "Would yw give a ratwiige W Muhaminjil 
forme and I wjll Enjd yniiT c;iravan with raisins m Ihc nexr fomm of 'Ukag, 
when you arrive ihercV" 'fliey accepted. He sjdd, "When see him. idl him 
dmi we art dLTcrmincd lo murcilj oui lo him and his Compiinioos to 
annihiTiiie Uiem/ When ilic rjdci> conveyed AbG Sufyin's message to the 
Pn)phcHpbuh)\vbiic he wj.s in ilamii'uKAsdd, hcexdaimed, '^/\fhti t Ahne) 
i.x Stfrmf'ti ft't Jit, iiiiif H'- if tfifBes! DKpi'ier vfiijfairs (Jvr lay . 

1- 1^ koAii L"^ 111^111' AWoy JVnnt MnJJjitth- 



Prophei [pbuh). offered prayers witli him luw^d^ [|^ iwo qihtotis 
UcruNaFcm and iher Mtikkahl aiid swurc ihc fcaliy of woinun il> him, jskcJ 
the Prophcf 1o give her Ri^'ah ibn 6!am.iw'dJ aS-Qurayzi who wa.i un .nduli 
and who hod rc!;oned to her. a-i be knew liicm before thai She suij tlxjt he 
'tiad professed thai he would offer prayers and cai caind'^ ixxm. The Prophei 
(phuh) ctccGpied ojid ^he .s;4ved his i\k. Afierwuids, ihi^ Pruphci {jhuh} divided 
Ihc pFopcri), women, and children QifiaaCiQumyzahaiiKHig d^c Muslims, 

Then The Prophet fphuhl scdi Sa'"d ibn Zayd al-AnsSri the brother of 
"Abdul- Ash hai to Najd lo scU some oi the capEivc uomen of fi:inu 
Qurayzah for hor^f and arms. The Prophet {pbuio had scleoTed fraiti ihcir 
women fpr himself Raybanah (he daughier of ^Amr ibn KhunSfah, wivo 
lemained under hi^ ptiwer until he died. When the Prophci (pbuh) had 
proptfscd lo many her and piii d(e vcii un Tier, she bdid, "O Messenger of 
AUah, Jel nw in your power, for ihai u-ii| be easier for irie ond you, " Hence 
ht: left her. Shi; hud rtfused lo tonverl to [sbm when ^he wa^ seized and 
adhered co Judai,sm. Being di^pJcaseJ wi«lj her affair, the PmphcE <pbuhl 
secJudcd her. One dav while he wa:* with his CompanionSn he heard the 
itiund of foQislcps bohjnd him, so lie said, "lliis is Tha'labah ihn Sa'yah 
coming 10 tell me the good dews of Rayhanah's coaver&ioD to Islam/' He 
pEiicliumLjd [he faL:;,whieh plco^ the Prijphci (pbuhK 

Alfuh The AlmigJiiy revealed Qur'anic versus, concerning ihc Ba"lc of 
the Trcneii and Banij Qiirayi^h, These verses are in Siirar iil-AtiZiih m whiLh 
He incnljons Uic ufnictiuit dial die Mii'^Ums \uJTen:d frtim. His grace tu 
thetii, and Hi;^ help when He relieved them afcer ihe evil wotd^ said by ihe 
hypncrilC!*. All.afi the Almighty says, 

jlOvou vlishtlf^v^.* ttfmtmhfr Mffiii'i Fii^HtT fo vffl*, w/ir^' tft^i^ ^tvtrt* 

SOW noi li-r. trcops iffunxel.^ Junn^ rhr battle ii/Af-Ahiah (the C<in- 
ft'iitritir.'it}. AmiAtlih i\ Evdt AU-Scer of vk'hiU vtm ih. ^ 

The hosts were rht* armic*^ of ihe Ouiaysh, ihc GhaiaRiEi, und BanQ 
Quray^alL 

i Wtun thry tamtr uptm yi'u jrom uhovt you iiinl fiom behw voil *tr]d 
vvlien tiu tytv i^rrv,: wild wui thf hearts rmchefito She Ifiratts^ aadyou 
yi^re harbmiririn iltitib(s tjboui AlUiK ^ 



(iiCA cif-i. And rndiirir ywi pafifrulv iO Mulmtimuulj, nrttr {mfirtitr ri 
tmr huijririn Attiih. Ami ui-itw ni/i vvpriht^m ifii'hihrisis aiuJ piifitim, 
rV.f,anJ benindimrtSirJhEi'tiUieit/whal ih^yptai. ^ 

fAn-Niibl:l2fi-l271 

So the PrnpJtcE (phuin fcrguvt' (hem iirul fnrbiulc jnuuTulion, Then he 
(pbiih) ordered ihiu Hamyjih be covcreil in ;t niiintle; ihen he performed the 

fimcra! prayer ovoi liint. saying, "A/lah ii QmUfr" H-ven timcs/T^Hl hC' 
commanded ihm all rhe tiejj ht hrotipiht hcside JJiimiah. iind ht offered 
prjyer over thi'm. Pnycrii whk-h lie hud performed nvcr them reai^hed 
Si;vi;n[y'i\vo prayer. 

Ibn IshJlq ^3id, "SaPiyvjih, Ihc d:mghtpror'Ahdu1-Muii:iab came to t^e 
Hamzah, who was her full-biiiihcr- The Prophw (pbuh) ordered her hih, 
Ar-Zllbayr ibtlul-' Awwilnu "A^tr: her and Wrf hrr\nnk ft> that she will mn jet 
witar hui htippetted M ftrr broiher. " He said tu htrn "O Moihcr. ihc Messenger 
of Allah orders you lo reiurn." She said. "Why? 1 biivc been iiifumied ihiiL 
Uik:y have inuaiiiied him. Bin so lon£ as U l^ fof [iie inkc of AJIah, whatever 
huppcns lu bjni ^jiiufiw Mi. 1 will be ealm and p.iheni if Ailjh wiJIs." Bark 
lo ii;e Pfopbel rpbuhj* Az-Zubayr rcpcned lo him whai she bad suid. He 
lulJ hmi (o iffflvc hiT ;Jone. She looked alHaniJ-ah joirf ^i\\t\. To AHah ^^fe 
btloiig und 10 Mira do we rtiura", and ihen hhr invoked Albli's forgiveness 
for hira. Then iljc Propfjci ipbuhj ordered his buriaJ, 

Somi; Muslims can-it^ ^cir deail lo Madinali ii-* hiiry- ihem rhc;^. 
However, the Propliei (pbiih) prohibited this aci saymg Ihat ihey shoulU be 
buricil in \\\\^ place where ihey had died. According lo AbduJUih ibn 
Thakibjili, fthilc inspaiitig the manyn of Uliud, (he Priiphei (pbuhl s.\\d. 
"I am a Himns overih^it^. WhPCi^er ts Kouiutecl fat ihe mkf ofAltah will he re- 
vival til thr Oiiy a/ /icj!wTi^aii'n ^-iih /li-i unMnda blcedipg tvjih Jftc tole/r cf blond 
aiut the .inirU uf miisk Find itul Ike ^tr wtvi tMlUctc^ U" krpi kv hea*j\ ttif 
Qur'tm ni'irc iar hurtcn ihim Im lOminmteviK tiiirl mak^ hm ahi-jid of them m lite 

g/avf. " Two or ihree bndiei^ were burii^d in one grave. 

On hj>. wny lo Mjiimsh. Jhe Prophet Jpbu*i> met li^uimoh, ihu daughter 
of Jjhsh, As -ihc niei ihe arpny. Ihcy annuunced to her tTie death of her 
brurher. ' Abdullah ibii Jaljili. She ^aid To AIJ:»h wc belong and to Him do 
we fctum, I a>k Al.bh"^ forgiveness for him."' Then she was Eohl of ihe dcmh 



ihcy <f/jf?JHiWvri J cmw nvs to she luistie eM-ffpI ti Ultie. ^ 
ID Kpck cjcum: for ttiemseJtfcs ihmugh it 

iScing mhicrly tonar^ >Y4r Uia re^aitts help and md lt\ Mkih'^ Omf}. 
Virit iFhen fear amm, ytfji witt sl-c tlKrn tfinkiiii; W iWn, iht-ir fVfs ir- 
vi?li^iiifl like Uhvse r^ f)tie o\fr nh/im hovrm d^'ath. hi,i -.Ueti thi^Jr-or 
dtftiii^. ilic} *iiif iinitf xou utth aliaqt rtmnies. ^ 

l-e. in ilitit *t.ids whfch yoii dt> not like sirce ihcy do iioi hape for thj; 
licrcjifEcr iis auII ii> the repaid does nm move them, lorrliey ftar dLMCh like 
ibconti whodutaiwilhjpiforwJjiUiSil/lerd.KlUL 

iml^rfy loivemls (srvh^ing anyihins m any) gntid (end utth covtioux of 
fHHfiy mid Hirtiilb}. :Sutli tiin-e aur hefirveit. therefftn- AUiiti wnki's their 
deeiU ftiatlr.^.-i. end Ihai i.i ^v^t eonr fvr Alkih. ThcvthinL ifiui Ai-Ah^^b 
tiftt- Ciir\Ji'tIrriiif.\l h'lvf mtJ \»t Miihitrn\-ii. ami if At-AlKtJi fihr Con- 

{vaiidenn^t among iht^ Bfdi'nins. ^frekiitff iiea'A ohnut vau tjrttrit a far 
piatrk leid if they ituipprni lit he wtumg \oit. the\ t^tiiiUf aot fighr hat 
iiirfe.y 

Then Allah adcfresscd tf^ helicvcrs saying. 

Utideed ii\ the ^eisi-/\i;et tif AUtib fMtihttitfitiad) you twivi- a ^find'ex- 
ai'ipU Hi fatioi\- for hiiH ^v^n^ hrj/iei in ithf Mstitnt: »/ilh} Aliixh and ihe 
[jut Pvytii ftfHtmberi AUtih rtiu*:k ^ 

I.e. thai they shnuW nol dcsiroui^ly care more tm iFicmsclvcs ihiui him^dTf 
and nol lobcin a pU;;c wli^rcheifinoi.Then refciring in ihc befTcvers. iheir 
sincerity uji J belief ih wliai All:ih pmmisedilrein of trial by ivhicb Hi- leMcd 
Ihcm, Ke sajtl, 

i AtJd wiien die believers ttJw Af-^^h^lh idie CiinfeJenitt's}. diey xui4^ 
Tlu.i w whin Atiiih mid His MeiJirnf^rr fMiiUimif^tuii find prwniied wi, 
u«/t Atiufi and His Mfs\riifier tMnhanimnilf bad ^puKm ttie n mh, ufiU it 
trnly added la their faith ttnd iti theit *u^n)i,*irie«r».i f f" MUihh ^ 

l,e: lij|«3ni* of irtal and atHkiibn. acceprance of tie decree, and 
Wriflcation of Ihc iratb of wtiut AJIiih anJ His Nffcsicngcr had pjimiiscd 
iliem. Then He said. 



tlind. ihi' iljiiigliU'r of 'Utbuli and some WDiriL-n wiih her, hahcd in 
intnihk* ihu Mtiilim ciirpM;^. Alier Uicy cut <»ff ihcircars and ilij>i;s muting 
Ihcm fnia:fnlk*K. iwcklaors. :Tnd pendjmK. HinJ ^uve ihcm lo Wjihslii, ihrr 
■slavi: of Jiihuyr ibn Mufim. She even npfied optn linm^ah's Wvt^i und 
chewed ii, bul she cmild not stauiiiistJisie tmUpai ii mit. 

AT'hIuluys jbn Zuhban. who wasihe Teuderof rhe black warriors, passed 

by AbQ Sufi'an wliilc k* wa."* hitung the side of Ham^ah's mouih wirh rhc 
ed^c vi his spuar siiyir^;, 'Ta.\te ihjir. you insurgem." AJrH^iUys eveiLnnied. 
"O Banij Kindniih, cs ihis (he leader of ^hc Quravsh doing ihis lo his tousin 
whdeilefldV' Hesaid, "Cnrifoun£ly(.iu, keep it .secret, for ii \^as juM a slip/ 

Havine decided m ^kfuri. Ahil SufyJln I'limbed up ilic mounfain yelliria 
m the top of his voiccn "Good work* VicTory in war goes by ahcrnaie 
sweeps; ihih day Tor the day lof li^dii Be .^ublimi: Hitbal (an i£lol>" "J.c. 
uphoM your ri:Ijgi«n ". The Pruphcn (pbahj lold 'tliimr to jjci ujj urui answer 
him sayina. "AAlah is m"fe Sublinii: and E^dtcJ, We are nof cqunl. Our 
dcod arr in Paracii*;?. while yours nre in tht H^ll-FiR- " Ai rhi'. AhG Sufyan 
sumnioncd Umjr to go m him. The Proph^i iphuhl [old him lo go and see 
what he was up \o. Wherr hi- j-june AbQ Safyan siiid, "I heseech yoti by 
Alluh, O Uinar. have we killi^J Miihaiiimad'''' ^By Allab. ><ia have not. he 
h li>tenrng to your talk now, he answered. He said, "\ know you are more 
iruMiful ;ind reliuhEe (h^in Iba Qaml'ah who said ih»i he h»d killed 
Muhumniad." 

Then AbO 5uij';4n excldJmcd. 'Among your dead ^mc aie muiilaicd- l}y 
Alluh. I flm neilhcr sjiiisfkU, oiv angry, and I iicilhcf Toibadc nor 
cani-njanJcd muiiLiiion/' While dcpoiung u'lLh his compdniim^. Abu SutViUi 
called our, "Vnur nweiin^-filacc is Budr next yejit." "Yes, it is :iii 
uppoininh-ni fur l>oth of us," iuiswcred ot>c of iht Prophet's Companions 
uccording to die commit d of the Prophei (pbuh). 

Tlien [h: Prbphel (pbuh) eonimjnikd Afi. "Goafirr rhnu. m tnici- om 
'Aeir nim-t'iiicntJi and mteution. if ifipv art tii'inifnmtmg itirir h'yrsfs ami riding 
rhrir ctrmtrlj: ihey ^i^Hi bt^ heiidi/i^/nr MMnh, ulicrfus if the\ arr riding iht^irhors-. 
« iiud iendmt, iheir cameh tficy wifl /ic httud'tg Jit a {Mtidiimhl By rhi' (hut in 
WfiOJte Hwid IS mv sind. if sli^v nuik^ for MmHiwh I w-ifi mi>fi:h mil ri> them and 
JigiiU" 'All i^aitl lliiii he pursuL'd ihi;Lii isnj fctund ihdt thty wcte mounting 



im. "fk fms oih^t wrricn ns ivWi. ^y Wm m \Kho,r W^mlv u wy soul rhc ^„- 
^^■^^ rejoiced iafr.u:h'i»R)li^ApiriU>/Sadq^ 

Three palyihtm *ere slain: Munabbih ibn Xlthman Jhn XTijyd whu 
was injured b> an antiw and died in MyXkah bcc:iusc of ii, Thcic wa*i niso 
fruii. B:inu Miikh^fiin ibu Vaqaph: NawfaJ ihn 'AbdiHiih ibnuJ-MJEhlrah. 
*ho pLiJcu-mud liie tn;n<:h iinil w,ls entrapped in ii and killed, so :1k; 
Muslims ion UoM ul his l>xlv. His ^'uplc asKcd Ihe Frophcl (phuh) to stfJ 
%m his body hui hLMphuhJyxid. "Wt huit , up usrff,r Im tn^^iy n^f ihe price 
fwhif^h muki h- f.'^id}f^r ir\ and he Jci ihcm have it. And (wm BunO Amir 

ibnLuayy,Amribr'AhaWii4du.i^kiUedby'MibnAbiI3Lb. 

On Ihc Day ofamfl Quruy^. KhflTlfld ibn Sow^yd tYani llic Mii^Mms. 
tiai: manyred. when a millstone was ihiown on him causing a l&fll taring 
wound. U ^as said [tmi jIk Pmphci ipbuh> suid Lbji In- would \x given i[jl> 
rcwanJ af iwo mariyns. Abfl Sinfln iHn Milj^nn ibn Himhan Jkti dunng die 
sicgi: of Diuifl (Juray^ah and was buried m Ihe burial gmund of Banu 
Quiayinh. As i was lold. uftcr Hm^hing ll»: Irtncb aff^iir, rhe Propbel (pbuhj 
said, -Thf Oiim'Jih wtl ni?t ^nWr^w a/n-r r/l^( .vaji-. /.u/ >»i, ^,.itI i^v^e r^^cm,*' 
The Quruysli Jid noi inviidc Tlieiii afienvuid, bui tie (pbuhj invadrd ihem 
unUJ AJIah (he Almighty ptfjmiiwd diai be cmquewd Makfcah, 

The Attack on Banfi LihySn 

After rdidir>g Bunfi Quray/ah Ihc Prnphci (pbuh) :.perH sh months m 
,M,^imi3h !ii>Tn Dfiul HijiMh to Jtimadd a4U. He went out ;.gamM ^um 
pliyfin u* tike revenge hn Khubayh ibn Adiyj" and hjs compjinions who 
u'-7re kdled at Ar-Raji" He prtLc^ndcd Qifli \^ w.l. !ic,thag for Syna in altact 
die ptople by ^urpriw. Hp Hi Madm:»h^ i' and scr ftuth pi^siog b) Ghurab. a 
m^Jiinidin r^eu^ Madtnaii ur Ihc roaJ in Syria, thsn To Makhid- to Al-Batra', 
imd then he lumcd leftward lo reiich Ihe v^Mcy of Bin. ihen lo 
SiLfchuyriTuJ-YammJim, then siruighiforwajj on itie higiircMd El> Makicah. Hv 
hastened ihe pace uniij he arrived at Ghuran, rh.^ lociition of Banu Libym 
Ghuran is a vaiicy between Amaj and "Usfiiji up to a vdiage called S§y^ 

J, nri]*uJiHt:ft ltMlLlll^]l^^lik^(lmmliJ^JuaF^,rMa(ffnnll, 



Wht:n (ht Muslims reca^ni/ed ihe Pro[jhei (pbuh) ihcy look iiim. and 

iiSLcndcd to a mounlain pass. He wan m Ihe company ol AhQ Biikr. ^Uniar, 
'Alt TflJJiah ibn 'Ubaytlilliih. Ai-Zubayr ibnul-'Awwflm. Al-Hflrilh 
ibiHi&.-^inmiuh. und others. 

Reaching ihc g J en. i be ProphcUpbu hi wa^ pursues! by Vbayy ihn Kha[,if 
who said, "O MubanuHad' Eubcr you or I be wilf killed," The people iiiid. 
"Shall uny rf us kiii him?" TIk IVoi^c! "phtihl said, 'V^iJiT hini uttmir.'' 
Oiming closer in hiir. liie Pmpliei (phuhl took n bnce fFCim Al-Hamh 
ibnus-Simniiih. As I was tuSd. Ho; shivi^'L-d violcndy jd ?;tich u way ihaL all of 
ihcm ^altered in aW (Urcciions hi once. Facmp him. ihc IVophfi iphuhl 
stabbed Kim in ihe neck so that he swayed and rolled off his mait' over and 
over, 

Prtvjoush' in Nbkkah. LIhayy ibn Kh^iaf uscii lo sjy li^ iht Prophet 
(pbuhi, "O Mubimmiid. I have gol it m:irc called AI-' Awdh wTiich I forDge 
ev^ry ti3>' wuh many quaniuic,^ ol con, I \iu\i kill yuu, ^hik riding it.'^ 
"piu I '^•Hf tiU wu ifi\it<di ^KtfU," v.ijA \\-K- Piiiphcl's jii-^wtir When lie rciurni^tl 
Itp ihc Qiitny^h, he *^nly had :i small scniich i>ti hi> neck. So when iht hkxKi 
bivaiiiL! c[lllDc^tL■d he s.icd. "Uy Allah. Muhiimmiul haji killed nic." Tliey 

answered, "By AHah, yuu are afraid i>f dcyih. B>' Allah, yuu arc not hurt/ 
He ri;plied, "He loliJ rjic when wc i^'ete in Makknh ihar he would kill me. 
anil by Allah, h^ he f^pm on me. he ^xouU have killed me." Evctttjaliy. Lhe 
enemy of Allah died ai a place cafled Sarif.wliile Ehey were takmg him back 
LO Makkah. 

When the: Prophet (pbulil iirrived M \ht opening of the mounlam pass. 
"All went [o Till h*s leather shield with wafe;r from the -AjTenng place of 
AI-MihiJ-s and tinjiig,hi li to the Pn>phei £pbuh> lo drink, but he ri-luMrd 
btieaii-'^e Ol fis repulfrTve odor. Nonetheless, he u?icd the water to wush the 
blood from his face Pouring ii n^'er his head he iaid, "Allah'^i Wrjrh is jireat 
imhe wUphasblmidieitlhc face of His Prophet." 

The Prophi'f Ipbuhj Ined lo mount ?i large rock on iho niouniam which 
blocked his way. Being olJcr and "Acaker besides weaniig two armors, he 
i;iJiJd noi climb i[, Tj.lljah ib^ ■tlf^Jydtlli^ squalled bcneiiJh him and 
enabled [he Prophcl (j^uhj \o st^nd on hi^ back until he slood on it. After 
Ta!li:ili'?i act, the Prophet ^pliuh) Mid, "Jjithpln^ di^ihir (firr Parariiteh'* 



<S>- 



WiKjNh. $u6 ibf> Zayd. Uwijd ibn ^nh:iyr. 'Ukishyh ibn MiMyn. Miil^U 
jbn NjdiGh, Ab& Qaiiiihh iil-linriih jbci Rib", and Abfl 'AayyiUh ^Ubuvd 
ibn Zsyd. When tht:y hiid come tapefbor lo rfie PR^phet {pbuhl. Pw ;ippoinicd 
Sa'd ibn Ziiyd nvcr rhent and [old thi^m to head for ihe bjnJ umj^ li^ iiin»seir 
woLifd fallow i\K!M *ilJi Ihi: ifcwps, 

bi the cngjgcment, Ahfi Qjifadah id-H^riih ihn »ib^ killed H^bib ibn 
'l^yaynah ibn Hi^in and aivcred liim with hw inanik*: ihi^n he jmn^-d his 
foroo, Ttic Prophei (pbuhl priKcetlcd with Muslim wairiors. As they saw 
Hiibih covered with Abij Qaiiidjih's iiuntTc, Ihi-y L'XtbiiTu:d. "To Allah wc 
bcJong und lo Hiui r^ our rtiunil Abu QLUJriah hit^ been sraisi." Tlic Pmphcl 
[pbtihi iaid diui II was nui AbO Qiii^iJjti bill a man kiUcd by him and 
L'i>vored widi his ur.iaik in ondcr to knoi^ thrti |)c was his prcv, 

'UkiNhjdi reuLhi^d AwMr and his son Anu who wii^ic miuimin^ on ttne 
,(S^frl. andkiMfltTibeiwourTheiTi w<ih one im.ki: nf tii> Imicc. Scnncoribo 
milclr-t-imck were rtODwred. Thi; Pn^phi-i tpbulij ydv^nci^d iiniil he 
Slopped lind jfigbTcd ai ihi: m^iuiilain nJ Dhfl QMrjd. wh.-n.- ihf n^n joined 
liim. iind sperri them a diiy jnd q mghr, SaTyniah ihnul-AkwV asked for 
pcnnissioo lo go wish a hiindre-ii riK-ii M recover (he rest of the catncis and 
bc^liL'iid ihe band. The PropbL-t ^phuhi said, -\iw tfiri vkmhi hr imvwi- thrir 
tvfnifin miii^irmk ammg fhc <;i,nr„foit.- Aftef tht Pmphcl ipbuhl had dii-idcd 
!h<? biiTchurcJ v-aTiicl^, one f™ cvtiy hundifd men, be returned to Madinab. 
The wif*: of AI-Ghif5rT tumc ndhi^ ,>ii oni^ oflhc Propbci's sbc-i^umcls. Sht 
lold him Ihe whole staiy. Then lihe said, "O Me^^scngrr itf Alhh. I maJc a 
vou to AHdb ihut I would slay this ^hc-camel rf Hl- r'slliH mw on ir." The 
Prophet ^pbuh; ^miicd and said, "Mim ^i 'u,iri n^ar<i! Wtii \ott ^/,unrfm'r u aft^r 
Mhih twa mwpicd ynn on if utid deUyfrnl ym, hy Uf Vriih. thrre /t no w.n- m Jit- 
'fhediufKi' 11/ Allah nur fmcenimg unyihiii^ Um i\ ri:fi yiur\. Hie shftatnei U 
mine. 3i> ^ff fjrirJ: tv y^tur family ^I'lfh Atttih'j, jitnsing." 

The Raid on Banu Al-Mustaliq'(? 

The Pmphct (phuh) rcmiiined in MaiJinLib during die Eaierpun'oi Jumi^da 
aI-AkhJr:»himJRainT> In Sha^bfln 6 AH. ho raided Bajifi Al-Muiluljtj of ihc 



J- liiHulwtjIlnl "HicHttrdtiiAJ-Muriyjp, 



©■ 



Tlis fiicntK ii^kl;l! liiin \vli> hi.' diit m\\ fidi^h hnii ofC, "He c^po^til hi?* htnW 

lo mc las u Sign trf nbjctl wncndcr) sn Ihc fcchn^ of pily For ihc Wood lie 
pi^^'cnicd me and J knuw itial Allah would ?iurcl>' liHl liim," lii^ s;iiil 

^Asim ibn lliMiil jbn AbL-l-Aqljh kiTkd MmJitL^ ibn TaJkuh and [ti?> 
hitiiKcf Al- Julius by pitrting b<jLJ> ol ihcni witli a dhn. Eucii came U.i his 
moihcr, Sulflfiih. Jnyinp hs hcjtl on her Jap. Sfui iLskt^d. "Who hiK mjiiied 
you, my sun'f^ "^1 hc^nl a m^d M'hili* 'ilvHiTin^ me iinying, Tjfcc ii. ! urn (hn 
Ahcl-Aiilflh." he replied, Shf vy\M:d Co dnnk winemihe ^ktill of^Ajim, 

Hiin/Jilah ibn Ah? 'Aniir. whn was u.iHurf 'Ihe W;i^kL?d Or\c'. ;mi:l Ahfi 
Sufriin nik^i '" baiilc. When Hunzalali had bi^akii Abit Sufydih ShaddSd 
jbnul-A>Witd. who Wits Ibn Shu'flb. Miicice juid UH\?d hirn. Tht- Prophet 
(pbuh) Sidd, 'Yovr cump/iriitm (I.e. Qfju^iUih} it twing utiiiiFtl hy ihr Aittivh. it* 
askhif irifr tf ihvri' vi^s .ifmifl/wis rf/r^J happr'ifiil to hint." When they inquired 
h(s wico. sta: sLii<] rh;ii he mshfd to ihe h^ukfield wlini he hi^uiil dii: c;ill for 
wm whdc bcmp m ii siaic of /d^i/Zw/r." TIkh AlliJi .■it^ni down Mis help lo 
ihc -VJuAlimK and fulHlled Ilis promise, "nnjy uprooied (htir enemy wiih 
Weir swordt iimil ihny dmggeii [hcju away fnim dicir c;inip. It was :\n 
.'(HjvioiLs defcau 

A/Ziihiiyr saltl. "I saw ihe anklcis of Hind, ihe duughicr nf ' l.'ibah and 
bcr fflLTKl"^ hxaa^i^ ilicy wcic folding up ihi^ir drewcs as dicy rdn uway. 
Npihing pTc^frncd jnyiitic fftini tuithing liiom lAheii (he aft:licr,s turned lo 
dw L'LiJii^i as (he cntrny hud hcfii thrown uul of ii. Tluis wx utra* aiiJi'ta^ 
from K-bind by iho ciivaJry. Sonieuiw cried oui, "Ha Mnhmiiiiiid has Tx-vn 
kdted.' Wc rcuimcJ and ilw i:nt;iiiy pursued us aficr wc hjid killed ihe 
standard hcarc*>. so iLmi none ni Ihcfn would dufo Uikc iL Tlic siiindiird 
remaini-d on ih? ^niund und! 'Amrah Al-H^iilhi^'yuli, the djiughicj of 
'Alt|:iriiari ho»\l«l il fnr the Qunysh lo ^arliLT r^iund; Ihey did -.a. 1\k. 
Mu^ilinis Wc?rc beattn jinil the puJyihcjflts had Itilkd niany oi' ihi;iii. It wus a 
day of iridi and lc^^m^ in which Afluh hontwd st^VL^rid \^i[h murryrd^mi. 
oniil ihey reiichid ihe Prtiphtl (pbuhl whiv was hurl will: siunc* m thiit he 
fcH on his side, one of his iccib wjis hrokcnn liLii tacc was hun. and his Jip 
was injured. Tht timn who wuiuidcd him was 'Uibutt ibji Abi Winn^iiji, Tiie 
blixHl began to Huw on hi^ face and he kirpi on wiping it ;iway, while 

raying, "//^w nwi u ppop/f suci-^Pfit wA^n i/irt' ftfli'* hfntchi'/t ittpfiitf trj Ihfir 

Prrpiu'i ixith Mf/ful Mtf itp vaih them m their Unit Su Allah seni ddWn IIk; 
followmg vcfie. 



honorable man among liis iribc su ihc Ans^r whi^ ^re Ih^te wifh [he 
Prophei (phuh) iricd n>iiympoihljc wiih Ihii Ubavy saving, "O Messenger of 
Aliah, ir may mU bo ihai ihe bo> ifnugincd whaUjc :*a«l. aiHl did not 
ft^memher csactfy the wnrds uiicwd by ihe man." 

When <hL- P/ophei (pbuh) was on hJi way back. Usayd ibnHuJiiyr mci 
hiTTi and KreeEed him raying, ~0 Prophel of Allah, you arc moving off di a 

bad tinie: you have never don? jh^i IwfoiP." The Prophet <pbuhi i*aid. '7/«vf 

yt^u noi hntrd vf ^vhcr your coinfuimoti .saidr He saiJ. "Which t-ompanion'" 
1-he Prophcn ipbuh) said, "AhJt.m ihn Vbayy.' He sold. ^What did he say?" 
The Prophei (pboh) said, ft^ so,d thm ifh^ rciurn^d lo miVxnak i,^e^d tiw 
au>fc Himnrahte •.\titild e.tpet the mtansr." He an^wercd, "But you, O 
Messcneci of AWuh. can cxpcI him if you wi^h. By Allah, he is \\\ii mean 
oiw ami you ure ihc h<>DOfiblc one! " lie adJcd. O Messcn^r Of Al^ah. \k 
tind rti him. for Allah hroughi you ro u& A'hile his people wcic about to 
CfOWB lum, and he believes thai you have deprived him of 3 kingdom/' 

Then Ihe Prophcr (phiihl havmg the me:i «ith him kcpi on walking aJI 
Ihrou^h Ihe day rniiiJ ihe evening, then thrmighom rhe nig^hi umil ihc 
morning of fhe nexi day, so i\\^ sun h^a^sed [hem Then he -flopped 10 
alight. Ont:c Ihey- xvcrt on Ehe ground ihey fefl asleep. He rpbuh) wm 
tleliberate m doing fhis. so as Lo divcn dwir thoughts t>i>m Ihe dffair of 
^Abdunah ihn l^iiyy. 

Then the Pfophti tphtiht pn^ccflol lo a waterirg place knoftti as Baq'S' 
if) Al-iiijlU a lilUe above AlNaqf. While nn iheir journey during the ni^lu, 
a very j^uwig wiaj blew wlikH (iimficit Uffim. The Prophet (pbuh) soothed 
Ihera. declaring ihui ihb Wind iesigniKcd llic deaih of one (jf ibc grcaiesl of 
[he Ji^helicveri. ft™:k in Madin^ih. Uiey diicovcred thai ihc one who JmJ 
died Ihm d^y Wi»s Rifu'ah ihn Zayd ihnui-T^biJi of Banu 0^ymiq!i\ a greai 
(jgurc among (he Jew.-i acd a seorci haven ftw ihe h>7>fxjlie.s. 

Allah the Mom High revealed a 5i/ra;i aboui the hypi>criic5. Ibn IJbayy 
and die iik.;- Thereupon lyliing hold of Zayd ihn Arqam'^i ear. (he Pro^ihei 
.(pbuh,l said, '7ftiio rAe one w'ftodci&Wfrt^twru^/M"/ Abdullah Ihe son Of 
'Abdulliih ibn Ubayy heaid of ihai and went to the Prv>|.hcl (pbuh) i^jvmg, "I 
knew ihar you m(en*J 10 kUI "^ Abdullah ihn Uba>y for wh^it his reached you 
ab«ul him. If iillinK hJrn ii a must, Lhcn please lei me do it and I will gel 



show pndc m wur. Whenever hi wore a red bund aiountl his hcud, people 
knc^A (hdi he <A'ys going m fif hr When 1^ i(Hifc Lhe sword from ihe Prtkphin 
{|ib;ihi> \i<: hjndt:d his h^atl diid ^rorlcd lo simt up dikd do^vn bciwcen the 
ranks, ^Valchi^f! him. ihc Pcx^phtl Cpbuh) ^d, "Tkh is ti rrraii lfn2i Alifjfi lif- 
leiis ^acBpt tHiuch siitiau'on ii,e. wnt in the ctmw o^Atkihi^ " 

AbO Sufyansaid ro Ihc ^tindurd bcarciN oFBarifi "Abdiid^Dar, apirrihg 
\htiu lo wjr "O Danu 'Ahdud-D^rl V<ju Jutvp ht^co ju^tgnej In b^^ir uur 
standard on \hc Djy of Badr and you kouw whJl has hupponct]. The 
siandard i> dko Ursi diing i[ianhccn<^my jjssai Is. Should il fall, wc lull down 
too, Tbcrcfnre, cilhcr you guard U^ sufeiy or Icavt- ii for as. and wc will 
ctfiiajnly sa\"c you thai tnsk/' They goi nngry and ihrcaicncd ^lLl£1. saying, 
"Oct ynii w;»tii un in deliver you our sumdard'' TnninfTow when ve wilJ be 
engJigetl U) ihe hauk, jim wdl be wiim^Si lo aur deeds," Suth a rcik-tuici Wiis 
wh^r Ahu .Suiyjn hail ^imed al. 

When Uic !wo pjinies d^ew ikiser lu ca^h oiliefn Hind. iJit djiutliicr of 
"Ulbah leading l.hc Qiir^shi won^n Tapped i>n lumhiiuTinc^ bchiu^l ihc 
wwTiot** 1<J iriL'iU' thi."m 

On ibc Day of Uhud. rhc Prophci's Companions used "Kili^ kUH" as a 
slogan (a caJI one another thcK'wiih. The people lA'tw engagfti in fiehling 
unlil (he baMle ^rew rlerce, AbO Duj^nah foughi uniil h£M4M"L moved 
forwstrd Lhrotigh iIk enemy's rows. He kiUed xtlioever ^lood in hrs way ftf 
ihe enemy* Thero \^us a man ^mong tlie polyiheisi^ was busy wiib finujhing 
iijY[Ik wonnJed Muslims. During ihc tl^hi AhO Ehjjanuli drew closer lo (hat 
man; so ihcy ^ere engaged in t^omhai. exchanging iwo sword -strokes. The 
polydiciki Mmck Abi^ Duj^iiih> who warded L.iff Uie Uluw with Ins svhkld- 
Abfi DujutJah siracti him aail kdlcd hliii tiia s^v□^d h^ivcm) over Ehc he^id of 
Hind. Ihe Jjughlor of L'lbah. bai he y;parcd ii toin herJ'^ 

Miim/jh ihh 'Ahdcl-MuHoiih kepi on Rghim^ uniil fi^ *ilew Aiia'ah ihn 
'Abd Sharal]bTr ibn Hl**him ibn Abd Manaf Ibn 'Abdud Dar. one oi ihc 
5iand:ird beai?fs. When SibS' ibn 'Ahdd-'U^ia al-Ghiihshitnt. dubbed .Ahik 
Niyiir, passed by him, ji;miiiib said lo hinu "Ctiine tin, you son nf a fcni:dc 
circuniciscr.' 



J, Ahii IJuii^n^ih %iiil. 1 isft .1 pcrinn it^titly In^'jan^ klu CE^my ji^n^ lit Mu*lim%fliil "■hen I 
ruilm] lu kill >iin, hr itificluj! It w^ a ihitinuJi. I reluwl Li^ kill n wmmn wth Uit hiuwfitbla 

a^k'4*nial [he Pii^jf^er ff*n*|,~ 



144: 



sofmhin^ iwtier than UuhT She siiid, Wha i.s ii. O -Messenger of Allah?' ^c 
replied, 7 '•■^'//ii^;J^v«jfr^*/mirf jj«frr>3wu,''Shc Sifld ye^ and ihey were 
mnrriuil. ^hca ihc ptople hcjid ihui ito Proptiei ^phu]i) jiad rrumed 

Juyr^yriy.ih. Sanu Al-Mu^jinli,] bccqmc Llit Prophci's /daUves by maiTuet;, 
SO ihey omarcipnJt',1 ihn« ihey Jn-IJ. Hence. ;i hundred fflmilic?. were Li 
Irw by ihLs niarrjagc. I have never kmnAn ji u/omim whoso greai ii ble^Mng 
10 hcf people ihiin siie was." 

From Yajid ibr Rtimiin, Jhc PrnpJici ^ph.rJii dispatched AlWalTd ibn 
'Uqliiih ihn Abi Mu;iyj lo them aftcf rbcy had embraced hUm \\'heii rhey 
heard ibat he was comine. they wcm am [o meet him, hur when he knew 
rh;H [hey were mninp, he became fnjrhicncd so he fciumcd (o Ihc Prophet 
ipbuhi EdJmg bun tliai ihcy were s^ing to krU him ^nd ihus had deUincd 
Iheir alms. The M(t,linih were indulged in Uk to mviide rhcm umr! The 
Pmjihei (phufil hiinsefF was about u> do .w. Jn itic middle: of ihK. ii 
deleguiion of Ihcfirv wan lo ihc PropbL^i ^phuS> A4yins. "O Messenger of 
AlJiih, we heard at youf envoy wivjm you seni, 4t wc ivert uiir m honor him 
and to puy dLc aliiw. but he turned back us rapidly as be could. TliL'n wc 
*m- foTd dial he alkged ih^t we intended lo .slay him. By Allah, we did noi 
come out tbr thac," Sii Allah scni down on this incident. 

4 O yoii HJf» hei}rvf.' (f /r tfln'tiii^is eiil perum tom/^s to y/m wtih a 
rtflk^j, \,^rifi it. Ityl wu ham pfoplt iir i};noramf. omi cftciyyurdi sou 
iimiinr ffin'ifiil t,f Mhai \tni tmvi^ <hm: Aruiijiuw thai. iti'UMg Wii thcrf 
i> thr Mcwngtr ffAlliifi tf/t^ urrc f„ atvyy^u \f.^folloyi vaur tipininm 
aiuf /ha'reti i« mu,-h ^ffthc trttiitcr, >dH waulii smch be in irtw/^e., ^ 

(AT-liLiiur3L;6-7j 

the Pnjphci tpbuhl advanced id his joumcy \im\i lie jppmiichcd 
M^dmah. ' A'i^bah w;l> ;vith hjui when Ihc liars brought fonh die sLindw, 

The Slander during the Raid 

on Banu AI-Musialiq, 6 AH 

*A"i4bah fniay Allah be plej^ed with her) said> "Whenever ilie Pr*)pliei 
tpbuh) wanted lo ici out a j<>uriiey, he used to dm lois beiwcon hts U'lvei,, 



c3>- 



^Ahilullfih iViri lihavy ihn Saliil *;ijppoTtLM ihc Prophtrs (phih) opinion, 
not to go aul Tii figliE rTicm. The Prophci tpbulii did not like to figlu CMiisidc 
MadfrKthn bni ^ome Muslims whom Wlzh hiinorcd wah marTjnliJm ai UIiikI 
anil oihcr*; vvho drU noi iHiiind Hadr Noia. "O Messenger of Aduh. Itt hs g4> 
furth Lc> uur uncniics, oUitrwi^rC ihcj wdl think djji wp »irc coviard\ und 
we;»k If] fighi tbtm/' Ibn Salul ^id. "O Messenger of Wtah. utiy in 
Mjnlinu}k. jaJ do noi *um To lheTi>. U hat never bean ihai wc vent i'nrlh lo 
fji^hi iin enemy hu[ we hnvc T*:cn di!rcaTcd, and iiono has come hctc aguinsi 
"U*^t>u[ have been vaiiquL^fed. Thus leave ihcm in ihcir pi:u:c. U.lhcy May. it 
will be di^ wn^^l oJiiiihglcmeni. while ii :hev emcr Mjidinuh, men wUI Tishi 
Ifemu, wotitcn Jind children will hurl them with siunc^ i'wm ihc walls, imd if 
ihey teiri-ai. ihcy will bo reeling dis;ippomTtd atn they tjxne," 

With ihc penisffiiioe o[ thi^.si- wIld were engcr lo fighi ilif Quraj'sh^ the 
Prophi't rphi.fhJ *eni inio hii» hoiiNe jinU wlls iirmored. Thul wjh on Fridiiy 
nfttr [Wayer. On ihai djy, Mfllik ibn Amr oF ihc Ansilr fnun lijnii 
An-Nojj^ died- Aflcr offering pnijef over ihc dead An^n. ihc Prophci 
(.phuh] ht'adcd for war. Mt^anwhilc, ihe people blamed ihernwlves for 
prc^Miig on Liic PFO[?h^i (phuhl to fl^ibt n^itin!iT hi^ v.\l\. whic-h Ihey had nii 
ri^tit U> du. so when he v-twK oui R^ itiem ihcy adniiUed ihal if he wished tu 
M!iy in Midiniih they woiikl not oppi^se Wi\n. Tlie Prtiphti {pbuli> rcnmrU'd, 
"// li Ii0t itpftri'jirian- fi'f It Prnpfj^l 'ih> tun piiTtm hij annirr lo iitke ii ifff itntU h/^ 
iiti.\ Jimfifii." Kc ici forth with u ihousand of hh Conifmniims. uniil ihoy 
re!iL-h(.'d A,*'h'Shii'ivi hciwccn M;idiitiih -M\d V[i\td. wtwrc AlKlulhlh ibn 
Ubuyy Mitrt'dLrii wiih a diird of ihc warriors, suyicig, "Hi (ihc Prophci) has 
obeyed Jjein ;ind disobeyed mc- We do n.a\ know \^by we sliaiiid kiJf 
ourselves heie. nicit' 

So he wllhdb"Ow wJlh TiTs roHowere wTio were hypocrites nnd doubters. 
^AhduH^h (hn Anirihn HaTilm lolUiwcd t he ni saying, "O rft>pfo. I he«:c^eh 
you f>y Allah not if^ forsake your peopk and y<iur Prtipk-l while Ihe enemy 
is ncarhy," They answered "If ihere shnvild be n lie;hi wc would noT 
relinquish bui vjc dc nor think Ih^l dierewill Iv j ^var." When Uhjv pcrsislcd 
on withdrawal, tie said. May Allah depori yoj, you enemies of Allah, for 
Adah Will [iiiike His Prophet di.speflsable of you, " On That day ihe Ans3r 
luikcd. "O Mts:*engcr of AJtiih, should *\ii nni ^ektht> support of our Jc^vj^h 
atlies?" Mc ^akl^Wf htv^ ii<i rn^ftl i»f /hem." 



On our iimval m Mddinah, I fell very iW. so 1 head nolhing aboui ii. Tlw 
rcp(jn JimJ uruL^icd ihc Prop^ci iptjuhl anil mv parcms. Hi Itev i:tinL'Oa!i!^ 
the matrer from mc. Vet [ loj^t ihc Prophtis u^suiil kimlncss to fic, as when I 
was iJl he uicd 111 be compahsionyii: to mc, buL at ihis Uiite he wus noi 
attonlJvc lo mc. WIjlti hf visijcd itk. whUe Jii> iiuHhcH ' ' ^s■u.^ prescnl lo lake 
core oj mCn he saiij ao moic lluii, '//^m' i* ^/w^ Thus I feJl ^aJ und asked him, 

wiiL'ii 1 tDund his liccJIess Jtnmdc, "0 MesMnger of Allah, would >oJ 
piirmii jiic lu g« ii> my inoihtr so thai she could nurw: meT 'Oit; he snid- I 
jnovcd i(j my mothers unaware or whai vc-os jaking ptitc unul alnuWl 
twcnij days hjul pBssoJ when I recovered iwtn my itbe55. Wl> Aruh^ did 
ncii u>c iht wattr cIpkls ilscJ in [he htJUscs of ifte non-Ai;»bs. Insieatl *e 
used [<i go oui inio the open yi*rd.s of Madinah. For woioen chey used lo go 
there al niglll, ^o one nighi I wcnl in ihc comfiany of L'mm Mi-'^tub The 
daughter of AbQ Ruhm ibnuMvIiJiifliib ibn Abd Maniir As wc were 
Mroliing, she falicred <iver her robe and cried oui, 'May Misiail floundtrr!' I 
SHLd. Thai i^ a bad thmg li> say about a man of the Muh^jiriin who 
witne^sett Badr/ She x^onderedn 'Do you not know the ni^ws. O daoghEcr of 
Abd Bttlu-7' 1 said, What js iir She kept on relating whar the siandtrmE^ liad 

suid. and whcnlc^prc^sedmy amajemcm.sheassurcAi me thai alJ she said 
had ically happened. 

By AlJiih. I could noi even do what i was snppo,^d lo do and rermncd 
;(»yingincessjntJyo^til]l"cllasifmy livcrwoufdbufM. 1 said to my molhcr. 
■Miiy AUnh forgive you! Pw^fe were speaking ill of me and you mentioned 
HCFlbmg of ii; She answered. "My Ijtil? diiughier. do not eiaggemte tho 
fiwiler, RarcK' is ihcrc a pi^ity woman marricJ Lo a JovJn£ mun. whiie 
having rival wivi:s, and rumors circuTale around her.' 

The Piophet (pbuh) delivered a ipccch which I wai unaware of. Afei* 
pruj^ing AUuh he j^d, 

'Opcoptff. ihtrf. arc mm yjkf havrhuti mr hy soymff fah/; ihirinj; vhour 
my wife. ByAilah, i hio^i' /lathinn imr ^iKifJ of her. and ihirs- ap^ak ^uch 
things ahnui a ifMin of \vhom. by Atiah. / hio'A- only ^tfod, who iiFvcr 
^oa ft' any of my innt^c^ hu\ wiih me. ' 



KiCtjPlinC iV Ibfl Hi^hirn, her jtkmc lUii ZajiiJib, l>iciLu^hlcr oT " Abd rJuJimflBt 



— <^- 



ihem. Vtffily. Allah guidi^i tttn tJwip pttopU wha iirt ihe ZAlimtin ipoi- 
ytfteiATJt imil wnfuf^-Jorrx wnl imjmt}. Ami vwu j« thnse irt ^ilnjse heum 
there isv dtiease {of hyfitKnsy), i/iev Imiry «> l/n-ir frUniMip. -layiitS' 
Wt/ear tt^Aisuine rntAibrnuiff tifti disasifr nmy Ivflitl us.' Pirrhups Atl/ih 
.nu^hthtgttVtElaryitrii Jecixr^n an^nhns lo Hif WilL Thru l/ify niH 
fjft'f'mr r^^'retfui frtr what ifi^y huvf i'tfjt k/repifrg w fl .fr'^'rir m rhifin- 
s-ehifS. And llwjte iihti lieUfve h'iK i'lit: 'Arr ihi'i,' th^ mru ifiyinu-rift'i) 
whf p\tnf tJitrit slmrix^yr iNiih.' hvAlliiti..-' V 

Then Iho slory ujis rnenlioned To All^ih's ^ajing, 

^Verfh, y<far Wait tf'njtritf^r it Hetfier} Iv AHt^. Hii^ Mra^nn^icr, utut 
rhi" /ifliinrrt. - ihir:» whu pfrfamj AiSufii/ ii^uamt-oS'SaUt}, and give 
Z/ikai. wul ihey hoir driw/i iiithmit /hfm.trhf'.''' with f>he<iii^ni'v SirAtiah bi 
sprayer ^. \ 

fAl-Ma'tdah:SI-5S) 

AnJ. on ^Ubitduh's ;E{liLkiJe of t^il^mc Allah, His Me^^^nger, and Ihose wlm 
had hciieved ^s. prnk*i:I*in ynd ^iLtiuming hi', ;dliance and puifonagc wiili 
BaTiLL Oaynuqa. Allah [he Almighty revealed. 

iAnd H'/rowrivr ^h*^i' AlUth. /fix Mrmrnjirr. nmi ihoix hAh Uavr be- 
Un-ttL Oi Protectorf^ tht^n ihe party of AUtih nHt be ihe VfCttfFiouX^^ 

^Al-M,ridah:5fiJ 

The Expedition Of Zayd ibn H^rithah 
to Al-Qaradah Across the Waters of Najd 

The Quraysh were afraid lo pursue iht'if uhutil loaiJ (o Svria after tlic 
Baldc of Badr, w Ihcy t<j"k Ihc road lu Iraq. Some of Ihcif itiiil^jMiKn wcnl 
out including Ahil Sufyfln, c;iTi>'jng ,n large ainnunt of silver which 
copsJiluted mosi nf iheir indc. They apjHJinicd Furai ibti Hayyfln from Banu 
Bukr ihn WSil o-S a guide w ihj[ mule. Ai once iIk Prophci ipbuhj scm 
Ziiyfi. \^ ho iniertcplcd them by [he v-'iiwrine place of Najd and cuplurcd ihe 
caravan wiili i[s goods, bui ihc nun (ICil. He broiight (be booty lo ihc 
Propheiiphuh), 



r»oi. By Allah. I considered myself loo insignilkani jmii trivial thai Ailiih 
wcmld rcvcul Qur'atiic verses ubi>ui uic ii> he recilcd in Ihe mosques and 
giaycis. yci. I Tmpcd ilmi ihc Messenger of Alluti would sec ;i virion in )ii^ 
Steep by which Albfi wtnild free rni^ from iuch a lie. for He knows ahoLi; mv 
innnccnce, oi Ih^i ihcrt would \k stimc sort of report. To send down some 
Qiir'anir veri^ev .ntmrn mp. hy AJiiih. J K'fk^wfd ib^u 1 was irK> ,..ii^.ifit4jin 
for Ihat. 

Turninij lo my piirente, I )u1ced (hem. Wliy dn yoti not answer i\k 
Mcs^scnyt^nir AJljh?'TTiey !iaid. 'By Alhih. we do rioi knjw what lo answer 
ihtnnV By Alfah, 1 hii^'e ntvur known a houseJmld wiiidi trEidiircd mireh 3<i 

rhalorAbilBiikrdidintbost'ita>'R. When tlicy did noi comment. I broke out 
in lears again saying, 1 \vi][ never repeni lo Allah <*f what you have said. By 
Allah. \ >Hniiv' iti:a in tase 1 admiilftJ whai was suid of mc. while Allah 
knuws thai I am iiiriucoi[ cif h, jhcn I wookt be sjiying sonieihmg wlueh did 
noi intxiir: amj in case [ reluW what Ihey said. yt>u wmdil mji l>ciiete me.' 1 
tric?d JO rememhor Ihe naitje of Ya" qOh bui cuuld uoi, so I said. 'But I will 
say what YQsur.^ faiher said, 

tan iyc miHshs agiihua that \Jtiih y-ori <is.i*'yL 1 

CYOsuf: 18J 

And by Allah, ilie Piophfi tphuhJ Was sitM in his phcv when j rcvdJHinn 
canic 10 him from Allah. He wa** wmppeJ in hi;; rulie. whcicai [ put u 
|t?allierpillc>wimilcr his head. When I saw ihis f did noi fesl Irighrened, as I 
WflS Mire of my inn-Jt'imec and Ihai Allah iGbrified and F:^iilied be He) 
would never be unju^Eiom.'. As foriny parent, hy Whom A'i'itialfs soul is 
PI His Hiinds, once ihc Prophet (phuJij rcco\cjcii I ihu^igtii That fhcy were about 
lo die ol" fear Cioi Allah wouTd conilrm what had been ^iIid Then the Pruphet 
fpbiihj Tccovered, sat uprifitn. aiid began in Aipe out sweji ulueh were like 
winter drop^ of wuicr fnhing fiuni hr> hrow; Ik; said, Br <if ^ffod (Ma-. 
^A'iifiiiL' Afl'ilt liiii sfni lifti'/i yi'iir iirtfuHiuL' J suid, 'Pfflisc bc lo Allah>' 

fie went (u the pcopk and spAeioihcm* rectang the (^ir^amc verses which 
Allah had tevcidcd to him tontemmg the issue. Afier%^'iin!s, he tunimanded 
fh:ir Misialj dm Uihaihah. ifas^an ihn Tlmbn. and Hamnah Ihe daujjhii^f of 
Jjll!>h. the nioM Cypress sbndeiers be nnEged with the ardaincd sTnpes," 

— <m>^ 



Sufvfin R'lurnLtl lo Mrtkkih aking wilh i\\t vanqiirhhed Ourjyshw IViim 
Badr. i\s vouki^I \h'di he lA'E^uld noi baihc from scmijuI inltTirnurw^'' umiJ \jc 
h\n.\ iiivaJctI tlk' ftophd fplauhp. Thi^ruuptin, he nioveil t>lJ wifh ^vo huHdri:J 
yu^d>^hl^ ii> c\i,i:uic Ins pleil^c. He liK>k llic Najdiyyjih muic und hulujtl al 
an inlcE of u c:inal lo Ok." ITjuvI* mounmin, uide-s Trom Madinati. Ntghily hi' 
^cl Ittrth lo QuniJ An-Sadif licaduiE lor Huyjivj ihn Akliiah- Kn',>i'kin^ cm 
hkn-- iJi>or, lluviiyy was iVurvd r.o open ihe di>or, so Ahu ^ulVun went lo 
;S^5m ihn Mi^ihhini. ihc chief of Biinil An-Niidir and kcqvr of their puhJic 
wcaiLh. Saflum hoMcd jnd ;iL;i!u;nnfcd htiri with ^ccrds iibinil ihe Muslims. 
BiL^k i<i W\s iiomrailG^ m [tic cjid of itic nighl. AhO SulyAn sunt sumc 
yll^:i^'^hI^ lo Miidlii;di. In li phct cutltd Ai-Uiayd, incy set Ore lo a bunch 
of pLiIni-ifces and killed q m.m from the Ansar wjih his nlK while working 
in The fields. Pcuplc knew iib<n\i ihcm, so ilic Fropfh:] (pbuhi pur.^Licd ihcni, 
tcuving hiA place in M^dlnalL lo 1)u>hlr ibu 'AtKlcl-Munifhir. Mt ivjchcd 
Qm]arnUTl-K;iJr bu[ reTumed bocuirse Abu SufySn uqJ his grpup TiLid 
>^n|icd Tht^v fnunJ Ihjii ihc r.iidcr^ h:id diu^iinJi^J ^itvrn^ tif Ihcif ik'His in 
thcOefds tE) tij-htenlhuir loadsoihcy tuukl run SM'ifily, On Ihcir relLirn, the 
Muslims asked «hc Propliet fpbuhK "O \ks:pcng(jr of Alliih, do you think 
Ihut this VrU] be cimntcd llo Allub) for us as an invdsionr "yo", he 
answered. 

The Ecvasion of Dhu Amarr 

After the As-Sawlq invasion, Thi; Pioplicl (pbuh) remained in Madmjb 
for nc&fly ilit- tc^i ai DhuJ-Hijjah. und rhcti he wi tunh itj Najd, aiming m 
Ghalafiin. TTits was tbc Invasion of nhfi Aniair Spending nearly »ll Ihe 
EKHinth or Safar in Najd htr went but:k lo Madinaii widioiit any fightinL*. He 
■Rtayed in Mad'tnuh uimoj^t jdl ilic n^onth oT Kabrul-Awwal. 

The Invasion of Al-Furu' ofBahrah 

Putting Ihn iJtnni MaklOm in charge of Miidtmshn the Prophet (phuh) 
went out for the Qui'ay^h r^rachin^ Ba^ran, a mine in Al-Hiru^ in the Jiija/- 
He sfjent two months there then re(uniet! to Vladinafi wrchoui fighwng. 

— Ci)— 



Abu Bakr S3id. "Yes. by Al^ah, 1 love thai Allah should hritvc me!- He 
rc[umcU (0 his ciiiiom of Gnancialjy supporting Miq^tl, saying "1 wiil never 
preveiii ii from liim." 



wp.ifiiie ihem, an Ihoy lived Uigfth^r a*i MusJim and di^StlievEr. uniil ihc 
PriipTici \phiiJi) i:migra(^d. Ahtil-' Asjnined rfie Quray^h on :he Day of Budr 
bui he was seizttl among llic tapuvc^ and lakEii lo Madinah wuh iJic 
ProplwL (pbuhl When iht* Quraysh sem lo redeem tiw^»r prisoners, Zuynab 
st-ni money lu ransom htf hiishimd ;ind the money in^fuded a nccfclai.e 
"vluch her mnihcr. Khiitfijah, liatl given her on het ueilding wueii Uii! 
Proplici (pUJtii saw Ihc nctkl;it."e fiU fivlm^^ licfmie greaily iirndcr jjid he 
said {to hi:i Ccinipiuiioni'l. '^(fyirn ^voaU fltutk that n'« .scr Ucrcupiixe busbmuj 
Jrtr iiitjf repay her meaey. Jn se." T\w\ iicciipced und did*;(K 

Thus, AhuI-"AA lived in Makkah. whUe Zuynub lived in Madlnidi with 
ihe Mc'^v.^ngcr oT All^h ipbtthF. AbuU'A^ufnl lo Syrid as u mcivliiini widi 
hU wTilih ;md thill wh^ch ihtr Quraysh hiid unim^ilcd blm wtih. as ht-- was a 
schubic man. On his way back, he wns aiiacked by a Mu.slim raid which 
(pok h'^ merchandise, but he iiiuruigcd lo mn away, ftlitn liic rardcn* wcnl 
away mih thoir bcKHV, Ahul-'As ui^ni lu Zaynab's house in ibc nichu 
Acclcmflief pmicctionds wclld&tljeiciurn plluiiprtipcny- 

Whilf ihe Prophet <pbuhl wiih Ihc Musliim woji performing the nr^mmg 
pmtr. Zaynab crietj out Iram aninng the woTncnn "U people, J have given 
pfwctiion lo AbuKAi: ibaui-Rabr.' Afier ihe pmycr. ilic P((iphci iphuh) 
made ^ijrc that Ibc people had Iward T^yn^b's dcclarauon amd added, "By 
Him iiJ Whi>!-v hatfiis is Muhinmiiail'i -wiul. t htitf km'-^^n ncthms (oboul j'jj? nmirert 
hffuFf heuriny; wfait yi»i inive Ufarii Tfir Musfim} iwi ptnTriA v.-htin^r is lower 

tftan Mem /" Ik al!leFw;ird headed lor hisdaughfer and said to hen ' Make kh- 
smv comfnrnihlr!. bun th '\ni hi him tawU ymt. iini't lOimie iwf iiyyyfui for h\m' 

Aceording U-> *AbdulI5h ihn Ai>j Bukr. the Prophet iphuli) sent to those 
who fiiidcd Abul'A^ SiiyJ^^, "V\\.\ mm ni ymi fotfiu m omf v/auvf. aiut you 
UiiM uiki.'n hts I'mpenv. tfv&ii^'ii ifntntuNr iw! iinil ie-itt*rr him hii pi'ttprny. vt' 
likeV/fu lo; if not, rr i^a ftOfitv ivhifh Aifah iiiu h^ifo\<^ffl o/i yen. nnt/yon liai-tf the 
iteiKr rr)fiiiur is." They expressed their will lo reium ji. Tlicy *erL- so keen U> 
restore cvcryihine; and ni3l lo withhold iAoyihing. AHi!-A?i went li> M^ikLUi 
lo pay ull ihtf diJca to Ihe Qumy'fjh. making ^uw [hat no (ine had iiny I'urihcr 
claim on him. "No." ihty mid. "Way Allah rewiifd you: jou hate \Micn btfth 
lionesi ;ind gcncjoiis." ""Thcretorc". suJd be. "1 bear witness iha: then? i*; no 
god hui AMah arid Vhal MuhiUuniiid is His Servanf anJ His Messenger. By 
AlUh. nothing delayed mc from cmbt^ing i^ii buL ihui I fcitred you 



amt>n^ iIk: t:(>rpscs. Ihn \ias'ild cui cff his he,id and hiov^hi il lo ihc 
Hropher iphiihi layini!. "Hefe is The fu.-!(d nf Ihe enemy of Allah. AhO Jiiht. ^ 
He *uiJ, ^Uy Altiili rtf/t« f/H^rj WA.jfrt ilu^r^ is ,10 >rivi /.v ii/" "YtS." IhEl MiisMi] 
saldt ihpjwlnj- nis Head bcfciiv Ihc Messenger of Albh (pbuhl, who rlwn 
prjiM-'J AUah lilt Almighly. 

Wlitn the PrnpliPHphuh) commanded ibt Ihc corpses should be ^iflcast 
.'Iffld J pii. all were rhio^-nviifi ihtf exception cf thill of irm.iyyahihn Kh;ifiir 
which had swelled wuliin hU iirjiior ui ihc cMem ihtii ii filJcd U. When ihey 
irictl to carT> hi', corpstf, it tfoinlegraicd, 60 ihcj \c\\ u when it was ami 
l;t.';^il ojnh ;md SkirtcvniMr. 

After rhrowinp the cnrpses inlo the pit. the Compunloni heard Ihc 
Prophci (phuHi jt tnidnigliL >;jying. "O p^f/ftr "f ih^ />ir, Uibah ih„ HuhVaK 
ShtnlNih ilm Rtibiiifi. U'tn/vyu/i ibn Khuluf. Ahfi Juki - and he Coimied nw ihixs 
in IIH" pil. - huve vniifoumjjnie h/uU yur tj}ril htui promised vau^fnt fimt-f in- 
fti'eJ jnmiil rrut vfifit my L>rd htid prmtii^eii "w '" His Cfflnpanukas said, 'O 
Mc3isen^L'ri.)f AllaTi.drcyoiiidking rodwdi^adT Ho suid, "Ttw\^nhfii/-me 
more !/nm }mi hut rJwy amiwt ansKer. " 

Afterwiirds Ihc Prophet ( phuhl ordered (<i liring logeJher nil ihe spoils af 
war ThJl hatl [w:n collccied in ;hc c;imp. The Muslinss djspuied over ihcm, 
V^ group wlikli IueI tvMcL'tal ilitm ihou^hi ilicy wtre ihcirs; ihe warriors 
who pursLcsi ihc c^cniy claimed ihai Lhcy were Ihe tausc for gL-irin|; (hem: 
*hiJe \he gijaTil> wht> eiccorlcil The I'rophcT ip^jhl tti defend hmi from vhc 
cncniy, elJimCd ibai Ihey had \tinied \o l:o\\e^-^ ihc spoils hui thsy fcfired 
ihai Ihc enemy riLJ^ii rcjurn, «o Ihey kcpi ihcit poijrioii uiih ihe Pruplicl 
tphiih^. 

Thm the Prt^hcl fpbuhl dispulchcd 'AbdulliUi ihn Raw3tvih with ihc 
new.s of vicicHy To ihe people of Upper MaJInflh, and ZayiJ ibn JJiinihiih lo 
(he people of Lower Miiiihiih. Then Ihe Pn>plicr ipbiihl bc^sm In-^ journey 
back to Madujah wnh ihc disbcficvinj* capliviis, junong whiini were ' Uqhah 
^aAbi Mu'UunU Ali-Nj^ ibflEfl-yariih- 
Thcn ihc Propltctlphuh) advanced until he reached the pas.s of A^-Siifri' 
where he ^lopped or [he sandhill between ihc pass :ind An-NJkiyah where 
he loudly divided liic apod.s whrdi Allidi bud yrdnied iii ilie Muslims. He 
rr.tvelcd to Ar-T?:iw.hli' ufhcre iht- Mu'ilims congruiubied him luid the 



Oftfcrcd (hens ro saj, "We <isk Allah's fitrgivenes^ and we tep^ni ro Hmx. " After 
iliey riad done h<>. he said. '^U\- AUoh. thh ri ihe isajin&i 'Forj^ve its' which was 
ardaiti^dtm ikr CfiiifSren of Israel but ^€y did not say iff." 

The Propfiei fpbuh^ ga^-e orders in miveT towards ihcnghii, Qirough sa[iy 
gruwih, on ii\Q way kadmg to IIh' ^^ of Tlianiyyai al-Murar onto the slope 
of Al'lludaybiyah below Mahkah. 

When the cavaliy of rhc Quriiysh noiiced the dii.si of ibc Muslims' rorccs 
and ihji (hey h-iiJ averted Jrtcm, ihcy galloped back to ificir Quraysh. When 
the l'roph(;1 fpbuh) reached Thaniyym al-MurOr, his she-camel ki>eU down. 
The men heiieved (hal it w.cmid qoi gel up. The Prophtl (pbuli) comnicnicd, 

"IJ has ntvrr ivat siiibbnnu Oi ii ta not in neiiin:. trnt ii hta hecji ^'/ift- 
heldhv t^/iai rajKiiiined rJfe eiqrlinni fr<tm Makfiiih. Jt'duy t J hait accept 
ivhiittiutr plijn iJimfsTt hAj^A »Ah? Qumy^sh iiik me rir i&i^mi kindteJ 

Then he lold ihc people m dt^ctnd. They hcjiiiarcd ai Hrii, for iheic was 
no warer al i^hioh They cmilri s(Oj>. Thus, the Prophel (phuhj look iin artow 
from his quiver and gave k to on^ of his Compnninnp^ to prod in ihc middle 
of a water hole. The W3(t'r itiercafier gushed on; iiaiil the men and ihcif 
caineJs had lirunfc [o ihcir lilL They encamped ihere. 

While the Prt^hei fi^buhj was staying there. Budayl "bn WarqB' 
al-KhuzS" came with some men of (he KJiuza^ah asking him about the 
reason for his coming. He told them iha[ i\ w:i.s not for war btit to vLsii and 
vcncraEe ttie Sanctiianr. Tben he repeated what be hud said to Bishr ibn 
Sufyan. Whtin ihcy conveyed liis weds to the Qurflysh, they suspected them 
and were nidc lo Lhtm, ^ying, "Even if he is noi ttimmg fox war, by Atlal^ 
he '.hrtU never emer ii :ig:iinsr mir dciito. nor shaM itic Arah^ ever uucr ihui 
wc have accepted it." 

The KhuAVah iribe. Muslims and polyitwisis. were confidanls of ihc 
ProphcL ulwnys keepme him infoniKd of evejyThmg that was lak-ing pUce 
in Makljah. When the Prophet [pbuh) Uiv/ Mikras ibn Haf^ ihnnl-Akhyaf 
who was sen! by the Quraysh. he said, ihh ii a rraifherfus man*" When he 
approached and spoltc To him, he answcte*! him with the same wordi .v. he 
had said lo ESudayl anJ his companions. Miluas returned to the Qurayib 
cepwrting whaL the Prophci tpbiihlhad r>did. 



Gci up, hence, and call for your [wl'I wuh tJicm afid ihc killing of your 

brvilicr/' 'Amir >dl«l "AfiLs for ' Anir ! AlJis JVr ^Ainrr' War was hUvmii up^ 
alJ v^cK \niufiMcKl ihc peopk- hdd iiciidfosllv to ihcir t-vil ^;ausc, while 
"UitKih^ advice w^Jcfl unheeded, 

Al-Aswjid ibn \\bdeT-Asad nl-MaklizOmi. a fierce batJ-iempered man, 
stepped oui swearing. "I s*t-ar by Aflul* iFi^E I w[|l -hUjcly dtuik frum llieir 
ciMem or danoJbh it oi die before [cji:hiiig il" ilamzah dui 
'Ahdtl-MuUalih engiigi^d m\\\ hini. :Lnd sTruck him. scndifig his f^wjt with 
hill for his shank iTyirii" He fcfl on h:s back and his fool iwai siresiming with 
biooU lowiirds his friends. He scrambTed lo the ci^lem and Threw himscTf 
ajmtng rn liiini hi^ oaih. but with antHhtr blow Hani/;ih killed him in tlw cisltm, 

Hhbah ibn Riibi uh canic nut beiwetn liis wn Al-WaUd and his brttihef 
Shfiybab, from the linw of ihc Qufj>^h and ciilied for a duel wilh dw 
MuslLm^i. Three yonn^ men of ihc Ansfl'" ^'"x^J againsi bira: 'Awf and 
Mu'.kVpwidh Ihc sons *>r Al-H^riTh and AhdullSh ibji Kawihah, When the 
Qiimyhh knt* iIjul ilic) wcjv fiMiii ihc Aii^ir, they -ijiid ihcj had nuihing to 
do wjtfi ihcin. Theipafier i^ne of ihcm hcrjidcd, "O Muhainmad! Lci our 
cqirals 111" our poiiplc come iiHJiinM m!" Thi: Pmpbci iphiih) said, "Ceme *tn. 
Q 'Utuiyiiiifnhtut'Htirtili, L-eiMt^ ,!it. O Haitmih. uiui tame m O ML" 

iCoiTihii dnser in them, the Qui'sy^h a«lred. *^ho are yni\T After cacti 
ifad introduced hinvielf, ihey said, "Yes, our equals and mojit hunombk." 
'tn^iydah. Thnrcldesl. dueled wilh 'Ulbah ibn Rabfiih while aam/^wcni 
agairiM Shitybab ibn Rjihrah anJ Ali agaiivsi Ai-Walid ihn Libali. \\ was 
uoi long before Hamz:th killed Shaybah and ^AIT killed Al-Waltd. SLriking 
CHcti Diher, Ifbaydijh iind "Ulbah were seriously wtiunded. Then H^m/ah 
and ^Ali simck Lhhjli widi ihc" ^wordi awd f,iaA\\ hrm. They carried ihtir 
friend bjiL"k lo his peopJc. 

rhc iwt> pank-s nx>\ed forward cU^scr in eacli other. The Prophet (ptiuhi 
h:jd commanLfed his CumpanioTiii noi U) citacK imlil he gnvc liie order, and if 
Ihcy were encircled hy ihc cneniy. rhey wen? Iti rtsi^r [hem with *.hr>«jers of 
DiTOWs. He himself remained m tht hiii wjih Abu Bakr. The battle. uf Badr 
look pTacc on Fridiiy moniing i>n Uie sevenih ufRamad^n, 

Tlie Proplrt fpbuhl sirHiEhtenetl ihc \\ms and then again stayed in rhe 
hui with AbCi Bakr. The Pn^hcl (pbuhj was ai^iealing Ui Allah for ihc 

- (S) — 



The PropHef tphuh) luld Mm Ifk- saml' words that he had mid tij ihosc 
wlu> htfd come before h»m. niinifly, [hzir he had nor tome lo figlil against 
Ihem. fk kfi ihc Pmphei ipbtihj af&?r string Emw Eh; Muslims ircaioi him. 
Whenever Ihc PropJiei (pbuh) finished hi:, ahJmion. Ihcy run after hjni lo 
olirmn diu wiiifT He !iad uiili^cd: ^1 \k c^\iCKU)rMc^ ihcy hiimed in i(: and in 
ca.sc a hair fcJl (ri'm hii licad ihey tuvLcd lo pick )l Up, Iknci; he RHumod lo Ihc 
Quraysh ^lUyirig. "1 hav^ Ivcn lo Chosn>es. Ciii^sar. aad Negus in ihdr 
kingdum-v. hut novcr h»\tj J ^eena^mu iummghis people like Muhiunmad onortg 
hisCompanioas. TJiey will never leave him m any case, so ii^nke up your mind."' 

Thi- Prophel Ipbuhl sen! KhirJ.^h ihn Lmayyah aJ-Kliuzii" lo thts 
CJiiinysh in Makkah. an^l m.Kk hmi ndc tine of iiU camels ciiiled 
Aih-ThaMahn ro it-ll iheir notiihlts Ilic reason for his comin&. However, ihcy 
hamsining Ihc Pii*plief^ i-amel diul wore jbtmi lo ^Tay ihc man. but the 
Olucks proiucied him and reUascJ ItiniH so ih^ tic ralurRcd safely hj Uie 
Pfophi^i iphuh), 

Aficiwards w|ii:n Ihc Prophet ipt^uhl vutnmoncd 'L'mar ?o convey the 
simie mcwiigc to Mjkkah, ' Uniar told him he fell ihaL ilicy would kill him. 
(Specially no an\z Ixom BwriQ 'Adiyy ihn Kii'h ^n-. in MakLalx to dtlcnd 
him^ anJ ihe Qumysh *cre awan; of his iinjino^ny and fuJeness Eowju'ds 
ihem. He recommended thai he should Ji.spnteh a nun who wi'i dearer lo 
thi;in itian hmiseir anrt he aamcd Uihrtm ibn Affan. The Pr^iplwi ipbuhi 
sent 'LUhman to Ahfl Sufyjii und Ihc tek-brjtics nf Jhe Quraysh [o i^iform 
them ihal he had nr? coriw for war but only .is a visitor lo itic Inviolable 
House and to glorify its sanctiJy. 

As he wys ,ihojl Id tnii^r yakfcah. 'TJthm&n met AhAn ibn Su"d 
ibnul-'A-s who drove him in from 'if him. He lurthL^r pn^vidcd him wiih 
projection uniU \v: rvpurtcd ihc Prophet* message [o fhem- After stating the 
whole me^sa^e. they srnd to him. "If you wish to circuiiumbulaic the 
HoiLsc, do NO." He anfiwGTcJ Ihai hv ivmiltl inn iiiuil iIil- Mesiciigcr (Tf Allah 
tpbuh) could also do so. The Quravih iinprisonjLT him and ihe Prophet 
(phuh)andihe Muslims were told thai 'UihniSnhadheen^^ain- 

The Willing Covenant 

Ibn Isbaq sa^d ihaT " .■\bdullah ibn AM Bab told hini ihai when it reached 
the Pri>phci (pbuh) that ^Uibniiiii hud tieeii killed, he said thai ihey wouki 

^^(^ 



'ievcicly L-otilmcil Ihu movcmL-ri^ ol ihc yuraysh. "Ilx? Prophet ipbuh} 
hurried n» ihc wmor. GirUlng io ifte proximal waiei ol Biidr, he jkuIl:*! down, 

Al-Hubijh ibniiJ-Mimdhir said. "O Mivvrt^npcr of AlbTi. ^ this iIjc spoi 
whiL-h Alf^ili Jias inspired yi>u lo ixcupy. ^n thai -ac canroi move from xL m 
is il a in.irtet,»rsir,Ma£cn] uf Wiif juiJ ili^ prtxJucl of consuJlalioh?" When 
ihc Pri>nliL^l f.pbuhj Siiid ihai U wa^ a ^ir^itii^cm i>f wjr iind con>-Ul!aimn. 
Al llubiib fu*ink'd oiH, 'Ttis ncl a giwd place (osiop iff- Let u^ cominue and 
encamp by rhc rcajtsi well pT' aaior jnd in;ike a c'l^tcip full of ^^iiicr. nmi 
destroy ihc oilier wcHs; (hen ue can figJit our cncm> who wiJT have noiKing 
M drinL 

Tire Pfophei iphuli) appfo^-cj uf his i^sccllenE pljii ivhioh uh'; 
imnicdJLiieKi i^onicd iiiii: Hiv wells uerr dcsrroycd: a ci.sttiji aji ciinMniciud 
and filled with wiiicr fiom wluch his nicn filled their drinting-vcisclfi* 

Si"d Ihn Mu'fldh said. "O Pmphtt of Atlah, lei us th Jic a hin for ytm to 
fitajr in. having your riding Ivasti a^'flil; then wc \vm ^o nn ilglnln^ tht- 
OTicmy and if Allali granrs us victniy, ihal is vhax \vc wisli; U k is dcfeiiU 
yiiu L-cHiliI fide yi>ur iun^cl> and ^« hiick to Mailiiuih to mi: jiciipio who are 
lijfl behind, lor ihtry Iftvc you j> much ah wc do. If Ihey tm-w iIijie you 
wouki go lo *iir They MOuld not have n^mamud bt-hin^T. Ali:ih will proit^ci 
you wilh ihcm: lhi?y will give ymi gmid advice and sirive in (Iw raiirf of 
Allah A-ith you/ The Propfici Ipbuhl pnii^ct! Iitm and prayed lo AJIah foi 
his iTi>nd, Then a [reJhswLts bulk for ihcPnipheiipbuIil and he slaved ihi?i?. 

Hjivinfi nio^^e^i m Ihe mornjng, rlic Prophui (phuhl i^w (he Quiay^h 
appffTa4;lu!]g Irom ihc Aiimqal dune inio Ihe vjiik^v. he eicljiiined, 

■ G AHiffn. hi*rf h th^ Quraysh f-turtfnti in ih^ir cfHifeii iinA Tiaufffiiiness 
fhiillatKriti^ yrtil ami i'ehws Yitir htrl-te/iairr. O Alhk grwn inf urfno' 
whvtt yinr hmf firumaed. Aliitii. fii'\ir<iy ihcm this monifnf;!'^ 

When Ihe Oijray-^h sealed down, a number of [hau. H^nrnn^ whom was 
HakTin it>n Mi^aiTi. weni to ihe Prophet's hiisin lo ilrmk. The Pro|3J]ci (phuhl 
let Ihem drink. h\i\ whoever drank of \i on ihai day was sTain widi [he 
wcepljon ro Hakim who fatL-r beearnc ,i devout Muslim and used to say, 
whenhcwasfcfVKiinliJf'Oaih, HyMini Whorescued iiK mi Uit- Day of Badr." 



- <S> 



know ihis. Write insiead lit Yfturrujme. Allah" The Prophet fpbuh) agiwd 

lO wriW Ihal. Then he said, "i^nxe do'vn Uiis is wlmt MufuimmaJ. the hies- 
senger of AUtih has reconcited ^ah Hiikiyl ihn Wmr" Suhyal objected, "ff 1 
Witnessed iflai you are AJlah's Messenger, \ would not lighi you. Write yi^ur 
owu oainc diiJ your fmher's" T!ic Proptiei iphuh} said, 

"Wrii^ Thh it nhat Mirftiiirimiui ibn Abtlulldh kis recmaled »Vfi Su- 
hayl ihn '.^mr Tiiey havi- ngrtrrd to slop ai\ ftf^luin^ for tfn \cari. dttrin^ 
whfr/i tme i/i/ pfopte n'tU hve lafety. reJirrtifiiing fitim untmtniiie.t tm 
Cimdiiinn ihur ini-tise aitvirifi' fiurrs to Mufin/rimiut wfjftoul hti fiuiirdian'S 
prrnii'tsinn. I\e nift send him ihii7k w llicm: tuij m casr limi tinyanc of 
Muhamnmit'i falUtwfir^ goes lf> the Qurayih ihey A'Ht nnf sen^ tiim fvifk 
to hiiv. SVt wiU fxm >iho^' t^osulity one lo another ami tk^n witi be no 
ihefl nr frtUfhrry. He who wishes it> i^aur ihi/r a cmeiumt anJ agrce- 
inenr kiih Muhummad muy do io mui ht ^\'ho wishrMo <yiwr inly o tuv- 
rruitit and asr^eraeni tyUh ihc Quruysh may tiezo.'" 

TheKhuza'^ahetioseiocmerinroabondand ajfettnent vilh ihe Prciphci 
fpbuh), whilo Bar-LE Bakr chose the Quraysh imd .said lo ihc Prophet Ipbuh), 
"You >JwHiid fceep huck from *is idis year, not enief MukiiJtft againm our will. 
As for ibi: ncM year, wc will kavc 't\ fur you lu spend ihrec mgbti widi youi 
Companions. Thei-eypOii, you may bnn^ wiih you noihing ir.orc Thuo riders' 
weapons and -^wordEi in sheaih^_" 

While the Praphei (pbuh) and Suha\l were wnting ihc agrecmcnl. Abfl 
landal ihn Snhny^ ihn 'Amr sudcicniy ^^lu^u'cd up in felters, having fled to 
Ihe Prophci Cpbuh). Th? Proplicrs Companions iefi and ihey did noi doubi 
ihe conquest i>f Makkah. for Ihey depended on a vision Urcarn) which ihi: 
Prophci (pbuh) hiid iccn- When iliey saw ihe [alks for peace and withdrawal 
[ating place and whai Ihe Prophel (pbuhl had endured, Ihey weic extiemdy 
depres^tl iilmosi to ihc polm nl death. When Suhayl saw Abu Jandal. he 
slapped him en Ihc face and gripped hi,s collurn saying, "O Muhiiinmad. die 
K^iK bciu-ecn ub was rosolved before Ihi*; mar arrived to you." He agreed. 
Suhayl put^c^d him violently by his coWm smd drew him away to ^nd hiin 
back to Ihc Ouiaysti, while AbiJ Jandal yelkd wiih all hus Mrenglh, "O 
Muslims! Am 1 to be seni hack io [he polyrh^isis lo seduce inc from my 
tellgionT Thi> auEincnied the people's gricr The Prophet (pbuhj said. 



Tlwn Lhe Pmphci (jihuh) fcilred near Badr. Jfc rode on witTi one <^f his 
Compamt>ns \imi\ he mc[ an oJd Beiltmin. He asked him about ihe Qurjiyih 
,4^ welJ iLS \i{^ui Mvihammiid and hj^ Lompanitins. and wheihei he had any 
InfiifmLiiion ;^hoi;i \hcm. The old man '^:2i&l. ~i wiJi ncil icJI vou uiuiJ vou 

leil mc wliitli uf the Iw^i ^mi :]rc," The PrLiphtl tpliuh* iciorltit. 'if yuii vn- 
jwiT rij. "r L'^// rf/; w;if.' He said, "Tit tor tJir.'" "Yej;", he icpJitd. TKt 
BiStlouin *iaid. "1 haw IwarJ ihal Muhammad ;uid Jiij. Cumpuniopj. mi>vcd on 
such-and-such a tlay. If rhai is righi. [hey lodiiy jihimid have reached 
itWh-JinJ-such a place, irclcfrini! W wheie Ihe Prciphei [pbuhl acinally wasl. 
Alho J heard (hat ihc QuRv.sh marched oul on sucli-antl-^ut'h a day. so iwddy 
ihcv should hjvc been in siicJi-and such a place." where ihey aciually xierc, 
WlKn liu Hiid ilDislK'U ht- M\id, "Whi-rc did yoii ctmie from?" Tiic Prophe: 
^pbuh) Mid, "S\'c art: frnni nui"\" Thcii lic dcpiiried, whJJc Ihe uLd iHiin was 
saying, "What iioe;. thi^ cnc.in? Is he irpm ihe Ms' of Iraq'" 

TfiLM tlic PmphcL (pbuli) wcm back lo hiK Companions. In she evening, 
he sent All ilio Abi liilib, Az-Zubayr ibnuf-Awwini, and Sa'd ibn AM 
Waqqai <Airh » numHorof ihc Cnmpanif^ns to Ihe well a\ Badr in Mranrh of 
news, whcif lhc>' seized some of the; QLirjy.i^h vv;ili:r-nLi;^ii. jiinong whom 
"J-vrc Aslam n| Banu Al-Hiiijaj. iind 'Arid Abu Yusur of Banii Al-^As ibn 
Sa'id. 'Jliey ^■JU^^^I I hem and HH^uiretJ oHhom while the Pmphei (pbuh) wns 
performing prayer. Tlicy said, "We juc iIk rtjlcr-mcn of \\\v. Qiirajshi ihey 
seftT VIS 10 bnng Ihcm uafcr," I he people did rfti lifct ihejr ;inswcr. as ibcy 
Li>pi;d Uiai ilicy bcloni^od l\^ Abti Suf^jii. Thus, ihey beni iheni severely 
uniil [he [WO clajnied [hai Ihoy belonged in AbD Sufytm. So Ihcy ^elcaM^d 
ihcm. Wljcn [he Prnphei (phub) rini>bcd his prayers, he -iaid. "Wfi^n ih^v j'fiti 
you ihif smth yi\u ffiii thtm: tttid wfifu iftey tiiJyrHt r^Uased ihem'^ They ipftke the 
tntth Jar sltey in'tvuyi tu itir Qumysli tnfarm ute lyrra n\oi »lim nbpuf ifif Qu- 
luy^ih:"' Thfiv retorted. "They are behind ihi!« duns which you fiCe on the 
reiitoteiil embankmcn: ' The ProplteE (pbuh) usked Eheiii about Iheir number 
anti thev 'iaid iluii ihey were many but iliey did noi know iheir exuci 
numU-^i: hcxitc he inquirc-d of Lhem abom the number of beasi^ ihey 
KOcnnecd each day. When Lbcy ssid nine or fen, be bad, "The fai/>ie itrr be- 



\ Ti Ambri:. ihT« wnrd nk,-in& ^ipfiirH', i^icli luji ulhri he ii^ci][Oicfcr nr ffr«nu4ii(i(ivlildiiniinij< 
cieplcCT 'I'lv PinphfE ifitiijrih nuiuji rlic ^jUbrr Em[ Iv u.-tnl pat', mitf nni f^pi^rni. ii^ nul^c \\ smifxf^ 
Dii% rnrthcmiui mid I'-iiJ lefJinR Jtei ai itte uimriinic. iK.MA"\* aim lie name 4i1 n plate (Re- 



Az-Ziihri said that no previous viciory was greater Wmn (hi?, Ii wiis oniy 
fighiing when ptijplc mei, huwcvcr.wlien There was an arniLsiice inireadof 
war. people fell secure, sat tti^otrte;. and negotiated to settie di^iptjics. ^"hLl^, 
none imiunjli^fd whai wai suid tonL-crning Islnm bin L'mhrd^;fii it. En ilio^ 
iveoycatfi as qeiui^ crnhfii^^ccT Ef^lani jls E:vi;r Eftforc* p<:rhap'i mon-'r"' 

The March lo Khaybar Id Ai-Muharram, 7 AH 

After hii return from Al liuduybiy,ih, ihc Prophei fpbuhl spent 

Dbill-Hi,(jiih and purt of AI-Mu|iJinam in MaJirah, «E»iJt- the p{>lyihct!rf: 

\vtrv in chiirge <if pilfinTiiiLgc. Then in the [cmsinder ol AI-MuJiarram he ^t 

forth ag'dini^ Khaybjir. Abu Mifattib ibn "Amr relmcd. "Wiitn the 

Messenger of AHah (jversitw Khaybar he iaid to hi^ Companions, wMc I 

wa.^ among lUcm. Su>p. lUenhe^aid, 'OAl/ufu Urd of ihi> htii\i^ifs atut whtn 

Ifiey vivnJuiifiiw. tjint i'f ihe fiwdi und wiuxi they imtkir ui xpnmi ij^rdnfthe dW' 

its and \vh"i ihrv lead usiray. lord of die wituh ti/id H-fiiit iltey iWnHflU'/ VV*- ask 

You ihr fii»H!ttr.f^ nf Uii-^- linvp, r/ie tti'ivinp^s nf irx pfn/Af. umi the gtHninef^:^ >^ ^vhat 

is in ij. Wrsei^ Your refiifie frtuN iiit^vH, dwevii tf its pfitple. and t!^ evi! of witai 

is,^Ait.Pn'crt'd'mtfitmmFofAllah:'X]m wa^ what he iLsed to?ay on enicring 
cvety tttwa." 

Anas \bi\ Mahk n^isTeU, The Mesvcngtr uf Allah (phuhl used to make 
his raids irM he morning. Jf heheanl the call to prayer he woutd noiiijvantc. 
and if he did Tioc licar it be wuuld raid, Wc reached Ktuybur &\ nighi, jnd 
the Proplvct (pluih^ 'spent The mghllliere. \n the morning as he did noi hear the 
call lo prayer, he rodL' and wc roJc with him. and I was riding behind Ahtl 
lalbah wiih my foot louchmg the Prophet's. We met the laboi^rsof Khaybar 
in the looming with iheir spades and baskeis. On secjng Ihe Froplie" jpboh} 
and the iinijy (hey jcikd. "Miihiimntiid svUh hb nrniy." dnd lumcd tail and 
escaped. The PrrLphet tpbuht said. "AlbJhi Akfwrf Khnvbtir is J.-yirnycd. When 
we ah^ht tn a prople's yard, d h u bad meirning fur fhoir h/irt are wtimeil ' " 

Ibn Is&aq said, "Hie Prop}ie( fpbuh) stepped om from MadTn:ih to 
Khaybar ihroughoui ^ls^^■^ wfitrc a mos<iue Wds tonslnicictl for liim; then 



1, ll^nHhliJHiLUklilKuihei^nJcihTrnrAz-j^ahii't «ai\]s*a:kSiATincSie?4^ wcfti 
l(> AlUuJjyl^^ali Willi "nt Itimnupj lUiiJ J.jui hMiniiVit men. wiitic in iltt rnrraiitin nf ^^h\r ibn 
ASlitlali qiik >™ i^r Cw rmji.-u «i MiJikniti. cmlj ihv >Mk taifl. he *vn *^ 

2. A iJiiiMtHiJn lidVHrcn MbuJTnah tnij Aj-F-il vilky. 



tn ihc I'mni ipf Suriiqjli ibn MJliK ib[i Ju'sfium saying, "I jileilgi: Uiui 

Kinfinnli will noiu^^jH yi»n in i\k Kick*" w> (Iw^v JjihcJ iwil'ily. 

A fcw inglns JiiiJ passud <jr iIjo riHinih iif Ra^indfln. when the Pri^pfwl 
\pbuli] wcni tu Hiir He cliiiigcU '/\mr ibn II mm MaklOm Ti> lead ihe pt-nplc 
In prayers and called AhQ Lubilbali from Ar-Kjiwh:i' io .siipciinicnJ 
l^lHiJliiuli. Ht: ^uvtf lilt- wliilc NtjnJuriJ U> MUi jh ibi^ L'muyr \\/o bliitk 
Wug*i were in fmni t\\ Tho R-ophin (phuln. c^w wUh 'Ali ihn Abi Tniib cuJk-d 
Al-^'lqLb and ihtf ijrher \vi[h one of iht Ansar Only sevcnsy cuiiicts u-L-ra 
Dwjied by h»v Ccunpunions who ruJe on caLh jJicmalivdy: ihc Prophet 
fphiihl wilb 'ATT aiiJ \bnkad ihn Abi Madhjd aJ-Gh^nwi on one cmkI. 
Ham/Jih ihn AhdekMiiiij^hb. Ziyd ibn H-inThab, and Ahu KabshaJi and 
Anjsjh. iwci triii^vl/ki i}f ihe PropTiiJt Oil cine; iind AbCl liukr. Umjir, and 
Abilur-RjibmSn ibn ' Au.T vn nnc canieL 

Mr nmaUcii inu ilie mud In M;ikk;ih hy ilic iipjvr course iTom Mailinah- 
going ihmcigJi Al-'Aqiq, Dhiif-UL"l'iyr:ili- JnJ niJul-Jayi^h, pB^smg by 
Tnrhiin, Maljll. GhumfiHiil-Hiuriam. Sukh;iyr:MiiJ Yiimfim. and As-Ssiyrilali: 
ihen by ihe cbu-sm of Ar-Rawiifi' to Shunnkalj. Ri*:n.'hin^ 'litiu^-^hynh. 
rbcj mel a nomml and Hisktd him ahouT ihe Oiraysh. hn be knew miLhihg, 
Tht people ^id, "Ci&H ibt- Messenger of Allah ' He said, "Is he amoEiit 
yoLiT mid wlicii ilu-'v -^Jiid ht- w:k lit! arccicd hiiu and s:iid. "[fytHi are Qtc 
Meswngcr of Allah, Then Tell me whal Ibc ^\\i of my ^Tic-canw:! coniain^.'^' 
SalunuU ibn SaLlrnah s;jid (» b\m. ''Do nni ask the Proplici: come to mc and 
lean icH you jhoui ii. You li;i»pl upon hcraiid slu; i^ piugiijuii tpfii ^iuJc goJl 
rmmyou!' Tlitf Prophouphiihl said, ^Sutpii.' yait fitue spuii^i, *,l,si-^wl;y it^ ibe 
fiiiiit' Then l;c Jcfi Salumah, 

The Pmphi-J (phuhi hailed af Sajsaj. ihc M'cHof Ar-Rawhil': dicn iravokd 

U» AJ-Muniarjf, dcpaning from llv n^fld of M;ikk:i1i JcHwanl turning lo Efie 

fjghi 10 A^'^uzlyab hcyd-ng for Bjdr. Proi:c(;<iin(2 m Ihni duvciion. lie 

,f3:t|i*ed a vjJk-y chilled Ruljqan between An-NSziyah and the srraiL of 

i^-Safrfl": ihcn aJon^ ilic Mui[ [o near ,A.i-Siifrii'. He iben sent Ba.>ba,^ Ibn 

"Arar iil-Jnhani and Adjyy ihn Abi uz-Zaghha' aJ-Juhanl Id Badr fo Imd oul 

nc*.^ BhouL AhO Sufynn and l»is eaijvan. Having sent ihcni on ahead Ik 
deponod- 

Repuns Ciimt to lum (hat ihc Quravsh hiid marched to defend itieir 
ciu-iivan. Htf ccm^alicd hb pcop^, AbiJ Rukr gci up nod sptikt welL Tbcii 



to dealh. On Muriiul^.s Jculh^ hi^ brolkT Yusir arose to ducL Mi.vhiim Jbn 
'Urwah sjiid thai whuti A/-Zubayt ibnuI'Awwym etneiged to fight Yasir> 
his mother Safiyyah, ilic daughter ai Alxiui-Muiiahb said. "iWiii you Ici 
himf kiil my son. O Mtswnger of Allah?" He answtrrd, "Bw vmir tivi ^nil 

kitthinx. i/Alltih wdt:^." Az-2ubayr *cnt ou: iinil killed Yasir. 

Saiaitiah ihn Amir ihnul-Akwa related, "The Prnphcl iphuhj wm Ahij 
Bskr \viih tho rfiandard ^guinst siimc of itic Khaybar ^irongholdJi. Me faught 
until he became i^xhausicd and rciunied wiihout a conL|i,ic::it- Aficrwords. h^ 
■icnL 'Unjiir hiil wilh [he ^httk rif^Lili^ THl* ProphiJi <phuh| smd, "Tfinyayrv^- I 
will give the banner ttt o man vht hvvsAlhli and his Mcssr/i^er Allah iiltlovtr- 
cif/ne ir w}ih his hiiuts, and he never eu:ape:i." Hcnee lire Propliei (pbuh) 
summoned AJT wki h^i h,^d u problem in his eye al ihat lime, so he fpbuhl 
spai in his eve and said, "TijAf ihss smiuiani and proceed wth ir, uniU Alhh 

Salamah s^id, "ATf hanii^d away ^ith ii, gaiipiiig a^ he rusbed. whtti^ wc 
wcEC behind hiui lollu<^in^ hiv iraces until he hxcd iiic standard in -a pile uf 

sltiflcs under llit ftfiutss, Frum the njpinofit purt uf Itic forlftsh, u Jew 
looked down a\ him und uAkcd. "Who ure you?" He replied "I urn ' Alt ihn 
AbT Ifllib ." Tht Jcu conimued. "Yoii will htf granted \'iCToiy. by what wa*; 
senl to Mll*iO!' He did not rctutu until Allah hail miidr Ih^ ci>nqLte.sl thrpugh 
his hands. The iwo strongholds of Kh^ybar. Al-Waiih and As-SuTAlim were 
besieged by Ehe Prophei (pbu)]) uatiJ lIic Jews Ihcrc were siire of [heir de^ith 
so ihev a^ke<! him LO lei ihem leave and spare ilwLr lives, and he fpbuh) 
acccpieU, He ipbtihj h^d taken eontrol of all their prcpenyn Ash-Shaqq, 
Nul^p -uid Al-Kiiillxih anil aLI Lhclr forlic^iKS c\ccpl iho^ iw<i iinragholdri. 
Wlv^n ihi^ pcopTe tif Va/^ak knew ihui ihey had done rh. ihev scni lo ihc 
Pmphei and usted him lo Treiir them in rhc same way. 

Muhajiiili ibn Mas^Gd, ihc hruihcr of Band H^'hiJi, was arLian^ the 
mcili;uof^ The people of Khaybar ^skeil for sJinender And Ihal The PmpViet 
(pbuh) wtaiid let iti^m undertake their pfopcrt>' a^uinsi a hnU shuie of the 
ourpui. sayin£, "We knov. \i better ihan you and wc arc t^tier growers." 'TTic 
Prophet iphuhl accepted their proposed ^ui ■itipjlaied that "Ifwc whh lo r:n7f 
y<nt. m" nifl da ii." He matte a similar reconciluLim with the peoj>le of 
Faijak. Tims. Khiiyhar conceded lo ihe Muj^tims. white Fadat was fully for 
the Prophci ipbuh}^ ^'imic they made nn expedition wjih ciEher cavDLry or 



ificni [hiti Mjhiininmd and hrs Comfraijions were waiting Tor il. DamdSm 
raptily hcai^ (or Matkah. 

Three duys. prior i<^ DiJi"4ani\ iirriv:ii. ' Alikah ilw tJaughter of " Ahdtil 
Muttiilib saw a vision whiL-h lenified her. She sent for her hroihcr 
AI' Ahbiis saying. Broihcr. I h^d n vLsron tast mghr wMch lumllfd me 
and 1 karlhai evil and advcir^iLy ^JLl am^ci yoiir people So kctp whui J hrll 
yi3u Hi- a 'iecieL" Hi; ii'iktd whui sli^ had seen uml she said, "[ saw a man 
rilling a cjmcl wh" sicppctt at the vjllev. Jle veiled ai tJiu lop of his voicc^ 
'RuL', n pffipk-. do noi lei your nuin conffooi g cdamily Jhal « ill tiomc m 
Ihrue dayv i^mc/ 1 saw Ihc peopJc gather around him. lit? Ihdn cnicrud Ihe 
Mosque aud ih<,^ pcuple fi.^llowt?d hmi. While they were sunoiindme him his 
caTucl goi up unio the lopof ihe Kab;ili.ThcnlH.- rcpeiit(;d[lH."L'dU wiih ihe 
^ame words. AfTcrwaids hJ!^ canjcl losc E() the top of AhO Qub^ys. he 
shomca oul ii^i»n. (o*ik a riK't and Inosirncd ii, whicli kepi un tailing dnwn 
lo Ihe boiiom of ilie mountain wlicrc ii wosdiviilcd inlo ^nwll pieces. Thcro 
was no house or residence in Mukkjh hiH goi s bil of ir,'* A!-' Abba^ said, 
"By Alhlli, verily \l k a vi^i^n. and yiiu h:id hcHcr conceal it and noi 
meniii^n ii lo anvonc- " Ai-^ Abbas ilicn ina Al-WaHd ihn "Ulbah who wai 
hj:^ frivnd. He infurmed him abtjul ir bui a^kcd him fo keep it a secret. Yei 
Ai WaHd told hi\ fiH^CT and JbL* ^ioPh' prevailed in Makkiih so [hiii the 
Quraysh wert- speaking, alujui it m ihi^ir pithli*: as^emhiifs. Al-Abbis >aid, 
"I woke up in The morning lo tiri:uiTi4nihMiiH.e itie House, wliertas Ahi^ J^hl 
wus Silling wi(]i a gmup of llic Qatiiysh iii*k:uj-',iii^ 'Alifcjih'.s vi.sion. Wliui 
■be saw me he s^iJ, 'After nnishmy ynirr eircumunibulaimn I'iime and join 
tut' Wlicn \ .-uit wilh tltern, .Ahi'i Jald ^uid. O 'ntn of ' Abdtil MiiUahb wIk'h 
did such prophecies happen among yoti?' 'Wltal <io yoa mean by Ilial?' I 
askird. Tliat vKnm whtch Atikah dreamt of.' he replied, f said. 'And what 
did she see?" He sSaiil. "I.s \X not enough for yov ihai y<Hir men proT>he?ti/e 
[han iha! your women Jo \U\i same' Atikali claimed in her virion ibat 
iomeoiie said 'RiihCtt> lAarin ihn^ (fays. We shall ^waii these three days: if 
ht'i siij'in^ i> imc. I^cn i; will be so; yet if after the ihitc ilay.s noihin^ has 
occiirrccT. we 'aijII write a doeunti^ni ihm vtii] are Uk ^reait'bt liar*; anKinc Uio 
Aiat^s, 8> Allah I did npihini; mute duii lepudirninB and denying ibai she 
bad seen anyihtxtg., 



hiikl Uuni: [\t Ihcfii. "O Mc^scngor <sf AUali. whdl h'u; h^ippcncd to lucr js i^w 
saxiK iLs sh'imi ha^ hJippcntU lo you.' ji.iJtl BjIUL TJii; ftophci fpbuh) 
iidnTilleJ, "Kith arf ngh/' Then the Piophcl ipbiih) rcidc lus coiiwl fm ritllicf 
3 shon disiarice. where he rmdc it kRtcl. ^o Ihal he anJ the men pcrftHiacd 
iihluliiMi.Heconimiimk*iiflila[ lo cuD for ihe pmycr. The Pit»pJiei <pbuh> Jtd 
people m iTic piuytT and when ihcy ended iL he ypproji^hi^ ihi; people ynd 
said, "ff Mill fonvf if Ihrf^un Vour p/awr. pififi'ivi it vuie yiiu Feaiemiyer it. for 
Alkik Ghrifie\i mid KxaUi-4 he He. j^ivi. i . uml iirrform A-s-SaU'ih ' !qoiiiiir-as- 
Salahi/<?rMxtifioieiftbraricf^{Ti\}i-2: 14),' 

I hcntd liiai Ilic Ptnphci iphuhl providi^ Ihrt Liiqjym ;il'^Ab^i wiih ibe 
chickens nr Hve^ilOLk of Kl];i>hiir. Tht contiiiesi wys tarried oui m S^f^ir. 

The Arrival of Ja^ far ibn Abi lalib from Abyssinia 
{And a Report on the Migrants to Abyssinia) 

Ibn IlJsh^m snid l'u>m Ash-Stiirabt "JaTar ilm Ahi I31ib camu lu ihc 
Pri>pin;( tpbuh* on iIil- d^y when he conqucrc*! KhLiyhjir. The Prophet iphwh) 
kis*«d his furehcad and hu^igcd him snying. Y tio ims kniM svhich mtikes me 
happitT. Ihc oiftquesi uj KfniylHir in ihr iiriivalTffJo'far."' 

Ibn Is^flq s^aid, 'Sonif ^^i Uw ProphtJl's Ipbuh) Conipiinionji remained in 
Abyssinia unii! be djspiiicticd "Atiir ibn Umayyah ad-Djmri lutlw Negus to 
hrin^ ihcm batik In iwp ships. TJiey arrived while he wjs m Khayber after 
Al'|iyd4ij;bjjah, Their Q.^mcs were as fdloWi: 

Fmm BiinO Hfliihim' iaTar iT>r AbT Talib wilh his wrfc Asmfl' Ihc 
daughter of "Umuyr. and hi.% wo 'Ahduliah who WjI.s bum ui Abyi^sinia 

FruTii Banu Ahd Stijm> ihn Manai: KhaliJ ihn Sa'id ihnul- As ibn 
Umayyab ibii 'Abd Shjms %\kh his wiTc Anilnah ihcJaughlcr of Khiiljr jbn 
M^ad; hni two chlldfcn Sa'Id und Amah, whu were bnm in AbyMiniu, and 
his hmtbcr ' Amr. There wore also Mu'ayqih ihn Ahi Fniimsh, whii hccamt; 
guardian of ihe Muslims public Irey.siiry under iho rule uf 'Umur 
ibnul-Khaitab, and Abu Miinayl-A^h'ari. 

Ffoni B^nfi Asiid ibn " Ahdcl-'U?^; Al-Aswad ibn Nawfal ibn 
Khuw^iylid. 



l.i|hi;Liui ibu ^iHluJIQtivmJ Al-L[^kiiiiuhnKayMin\^'L-n:i:hpiiViUcd. NE^wUtl 
lloJ jnd i:vadt'd Qil'iti- AtKlulIilti ihn Jua^ll jntl ills iJDnipiinKins rciumc;! Ui 
M'lUmuti Ajlh Ll.tt tamvun -Lnci the two ciipijvca. 

When iTiey \vu*nt H» iho Prtiplwf Cpbuh). he satd, 

Hu iijtjincd [he tMPLivim anJ ihc tw<i prif;nncr« and fftrha^k^ luting 
iuiyihiflg Tiom them. When Ibe Pi^»plie[ jphuhj -^id su, ilie men Teh 
dcspenift^ and ihou^hi ihey were df)t»mcd. The Mu^Jims ccnsurod iheiu for 
hol^■ thc> ULiL-d- The Qumysh said, "Muhitnimiid and his Compajiions have 
pcrmUiud ifi£tiiing jni Lh^ mviolahk mfinih. shedding hlood ifvL-iom. \iiLing 
.\pojl.s, :inJ iiLiprLsonm^ nii-ni-" Thi' Mu'^IiULS in Miikkah wtio icTLiL-d itiim 
■ijtiJ rh^il Ibc whnic Ihing had happtinctl in SHir(>Sn. 

When a lo! of iA]y was piiwoijcH /\]\-i\\ scnl down U' Hin PfLiplici 
(phuHK 

JT7m' i*5^ *T«i iwnirifmin^ pf^fiim^ in i/if Sufrfit Afotiiht li.e. lit, TilW. 
I hit iitif/ l2iU monffi.y nf tfn- hftiiuit uitcmltir}. Su^, ^Fi^li/iag lUeicin it;- 
ii gii'-tr firtiiKffiwtvipni ftt/-igViirerfr/tiH''-f:/TSsta*i}mJhAtiiitt is tpprr- 
Witt munkirut J'lifnt Ji/II"iviiiti the Way iij MUili. tn dlxinetifyfi in fliin. h> 
prevciii iia:es.i la.Al-MasjU'atHiirditi (m MokkiJ\L ami lo (hht (tar its 

(AlBaqyfuh:217> 

Thi!i mtJans if you hiiw krlltfd (<ome of iheml in \\k lnvio[ab|e merMh, 
ihcy have drawn yoti Hank from i\K way r>f AI]:(h with Ihdr ilid^clicf m 
Hirn. and frnm Ihc InviuTiibk Mosquf. iind L'?;pcJlci.l you IVom \\ whi^ri ymi 
were its people. Ttli^ is 4 greJilcr vitiliuion (ban Ihc iinying of lh(wc wht^m 
you huvt* kdled. i ..Mtnt Al-FUnah*^^ is vom- riuin kink\'...'^ l,e, Ihey used lo 
BCtiua* Thi' Musiims in his religion lo mm tJicm back from ihcirrchginn JinJ 
ihai ji i> ^ot^c in ihc ^igJu of Alliiii jJun killing, 

yt/arJrIijiiiiii^fhtaftfi<:A!i/iii'i/iri.\tii] ij ihey t-iin^.% 

(Al'Baq;iral3:2I7> 



J ^JiJ^iiiiti, lEjJL^ulr, ^iilJ iipjiri^-Aofl 



.123>- 



H^)u^e concealed him from [he polyihcj.^is and tiicn he rouchcd ihc Sourhcm 
Comer. He walked lo lti«i lIil Bli*L;k Siijn*;. Hc ran in iJk flrii ilirac raunds 
und walked tht: rcsi." 

According lu Ibn 'AbbSs, ihc Frophci (pbuh! manied MaymOneh Ihc 
daughter o/ AI-HSrilh in this viii^ when he *as in Uic suuc of i^rdwi, 
Al'"Abb3ji ibn 'Abdul-MuUaUb wjt, ihe one whn married him to bcr. The 
Propliot (pbuhj hpenl (hrae day?; in Matkah. Hu^uylib i^m *AhJc1-'UK/a 
went lo hii;i on die ihirJ day wiih a band of ihc Qiuayjib. as the lantr had 
charged him [i> k^i ihc Prophel fpbuh) leave Makkah, They said, 'Your lerm 
hat ended, ic leave li,^,' The Prophci (pbuh) unswered, 'Why Jo you mt Ui me 
$Iuy ro n-e^ ii/ironjt yi}u and pr^pun a j'tast for \im Ui ailcuiT They said, "ft'c dt> 
noi need your Tood ?n> gci away." Hence, Ihe Prt^he[ ipbuh) dcpaned. 
Iciiving AbQRSrr lus muH/d H> Ijfcc Laxt of MiiymOnah uniiJ he drove her l<> 
bmi in SarifwheiE rhe wedding itKjkpJacCn anil ihcn Ihcy continued on dicir 
way 10 Madififlh. 

Ibn Hisham said thau acconline Iv Abil ' IJbnydah. AlTah revealed lo hioi, 

^Indofti AIIbIi ifuiU^i/ii thf irae vision which He shm\rilto /f/.\ M*^ 
sengirr [if. iNc l*m;ihci saw a dcc^ti ih^ he has eniered Mdkl[>ih dlun^ 
with hk compkinton^, having iSeir (heaJ| han shaved aid cul '^hori] r/r 
wrv frii/Zr. Cei-miidy. yiwi ,^Ju//J r/iwr At-Ma-'Jid-ni-Htimm; iJAihk H-i/Zt 
jtffurf, {wiHcJ Imvitit; your hemfi sliuved. find tsomti having veur hi-od 
hair cut ^hnit. hti-i-mg up fear. He jtflc*v H'/iai \oii jt/ifn- nol. and He 
granJed besititrif thai u nair victory. ^ 

(Al-rai]i:37* 

H 

The Raid on Mu'iah ' in JumadS al-0i4, 8 AH 

Thf l*ii)^jhL-i (phiih) stayed in Madlnah for Ihc rcsiorDhul-Hijjidj. as the 
polyiheisis conducted ihe pilgnmage, until Rahi^ al-.VWA'al and Rabf 
flI'Akbir. In JumadJl al-Oli m (lit yeat AH, he seni a ini.ssiun \o Mu'iah in 
Syria, puidng Zayd ibn Bari'hah as coramandfr. lo be rcpTflcc-J with Jfl'far 
ibn Abi Tidib if he was killed end Abdullali ibn Rawahyh if Js far was 



4, A \Wi^ in AJ-Bali|3 in *lvno. 



roiLirncil la MuJm;ih wiihoui tightm^, und suiycd Lhcrc foE ihc r^bi of 

The Invasion on AJ-'Ushayrali 

Tlic Piophei iphuhi Invadird ilic Qiiraysli ihrough tin: pih nf BanO 
DinSrt Favfiiul-Khabiir, and MLtppcd uiidtrr 4i iicc ^iL Llic valley of !t"i] A-diflr 
u'here he nffereJ prayer and fnunded hiJ* nui'iqtic. Food wiis fi^uparcd and he 
Mil aizL'oinpaiii^d bv llv^^i^ whu vrete wilh liim. Tfrf sire nf !he srotics of his 
cimkinj;-poi is sTill kno«n. He drink ftom The waicr of a place called 
AI-MushUnih. Then lie dcpiittod Al-Khalaiq leftward in ihc dircLimn of a 
glen ciillcd Shrbai 'Abduliaii; ihcn eo ihc leli again unifl be ^cnt down \o 
Yalyat and smppcrt nt n.s tfossmg with Ad-i^abu iih. He ilrjnk Irom the well 
ut Ati-Diihu .ih iravciMii^ \hc plain cjf Muial unlil hc met Uic Ifaek in 
^ukh;iyrai aJ-Yamum siraig^T in nM-'Ushayrah in Ihc vulltv of Yunbu" 
whL'iL h■^ \i;ivfd ihroughouT ihe inonih of himad^ :jl-l]lB and some d:iy!K of 
Ihc following nitinih. He made y paci of peace lhcrc with Buni Mudfij and 
Hieir ill lies Bmn'iQanirah. iind returned to Madtnah y.ilhoni n fight. 

The Expeditioa of Sa d ibn Abi Waqqai 

Ai the siifiie liiuc, the Pf^pher (pbuhl seni Sa'd Ibi Abl WaqqS^ wirh 
cjghl nu-n oi ihc Muliijitun, whn reJL;hcd Al-Kharrflr in Al-iliiSi, They Uio 
reiLimed wiihnui fighnng, 

Tlie Invasion on Salawin, 
the Firsi Invasion of Badr 

Alier ihe inviMon on Al- U.^huyrahn UiePmphei (pbuhj had stjjyed Imi 
ihyn ten ni^livs Jii Madlniih wlien Kiirz ibn JSbir aJ-hihri rjided llie gro/ing 
caniEls of Miidjnub- The Pmphei (pbuh) piu^ued him^ uniil tie reached a 
vallcv eaJlcd SafJi^vfln. in thi direction of Badr. Kui7 tied and c-juhi oai be 
caughE TTii^ wsi ihe IIfsi invasion at Badr. Af[erwurd»;, Lhe Pniphcl iphuh) 



<[^)-^— 



witli ii uniil when he was tn ihi; heart of ihe biUlc with no way oui, he 
iiligliicd lus roan hi^fM, liwiiaiUiigU,amlreii4Jneil tighunfiuniil Jic wa,^ killed, 

Ibn HishSm said. 'A scholar whoni ! tmsl lotd mc thai JaTar IwTd [he 
smnaiiru iirjii mhiMighi hand, bui ij wa^ciiioff, so he seU^ ii wjih Tiis lefr 

hand which wa> uI.mj cue off. Then fte tJajiped ii it* bis bicast wiUi ttii uniiji 
umil he wNi kilted. Tk was ihifly-thrcc ycaia of aga. ConscquenlK , Alluh 
ri?wiirJfd him with iwa wiugi in PMaJise wilh whkh Jit flew wherever Ik 
wished, h wa.-; sjid ihjl a Romaa wairit^r struck him. cuning him a sunder " 

ibn h\i^q sMd ihul afrcr the killin£ of Ja fur, ^AbduMdh ibn Rawahah 
hdd Ihf >ifj]niliirJ und ^cppcri foiward wrlh n uihilf? riding his hnrse Hl' had 
[0 ^c^n:,s^ him.sclf as hi: jelt hcsitani Ui proceed, but he blaini^ii hinL'idf aiid 
g6l off. Then hi.^ enusin offcti'd him a incH\ bone, saying. "Supi^on younrflf 
wiih ihis, (iiryou bjvc suffered a lul in Iht^ difTicuh days," Hr Itxik j li^k 
bite, bui ^vhcn he heard Tfic >ounds ot tliiioriier and Cfciwd in the army, he 
hurled it awiiy. saying to riimsclA "Arv you t.Mill living) in (his world?" He 
^rippt'd his bword. advanced, and foughi uinil h* wai kiLl<:d, Tlit^i ThflbiL 
ihn Aqrrjm Iho hrtiihcr of BanG Al- Ajliin U>ok rhtf hiandard. He ciied out. 
"O Musllnis. come together round a m^n nf yisu ." They ^aid. "You <be llii* 
man)." Bui he ohjecied «» Ehcy ralticd to Khiilid ibnuJ-Walld. An he icwk the 
standard, he parried ihc enemy lo avoid an cncuumcr, Tlien he withdrew jind 
the enemy avtncd from him unUI lie rcircmcii ■with ihe Hfmy,. 

Aia;orJing to whbi hit feacfeii' me, wlien Uie army wa.i cruihed [he 

Pmphel (pbyhJ said, "Zhh/ /itZJ rhi; ifiirtcturit tirttJ fimghi wirh it uniil he «■*« 
kiliai oi « marrvr: ificri Ja'far ituti it undjhugfiT \vitlt ii iu\iU he was LUleJ as a 
^p*yfr,'" Then hciphiilif Ltpi sdeni. sinhe laces of ilie An^flr changed cofor 
tar they rhoughl thai ^umu mischief had huppcncd lo AhdullJii ibn 
Raa/AhJh. Yi:t he continued. "TTkth AhJuiWi i'm kiiwoiwU fa-fif ii imrl ffiuyj.! 
with it until ttr ti.i» ktih'/f iu a manyr." Tiien he iaid- '77i-'V i^vrcramrd up tn 
mtriti PiifudiKf. m I K'Umu ii viiinn. <njheth:ofgoii I s/in AbituUiih'A iwi lunuuft 
tistJefrtnti the hc/{.*,<i! Ills t^i'a,tetto\\s\\.c. 2ayd and Ja7ar). When Imlieitjhi ihi- 
rtmint. I wax tali! Ihat thvy mnvc^d oti iwiihoui fK^ila^lorrl hut he uavi^red bpfhrr 
hemovedmi" 

Khillkl ibnul-Walid wiih ilic army, was BCitmg close lo Mddtnah when 
(Tk Hmptiei ipbuh] wcm nui lo welcome ihem logeiher with ihe Muslims 
nnil Ihe bi>y?i wbo wem funning wheit-usihi: PinplK't ^pbuli) was mourned rm 

(^^ . 



revtnge. By my life, you xob iQ Lite mvioJublc aica, will you nal then avenec 



in II 



wlicD ihcy airacfced fhcm at ^UW:il\^ at mgh[ thcs' killed Munnhhah. a 
man whu had a wc^k Jioart. He loJii Taniim ifm AsaJ who accompanied 
hiifl, totlcc fur ho rtAsMiic iliLii liL* ^iimltldfc, w|;oUit;f iJwy kiJIfii hicnorsec 
hira Ircc. ?;ince fic had ji prohkin in hL^ hcaii. litucc. TuniiiTi iiiunagcd lo 
c.'it!*pc, while Munabbah wa^ cau|;l« und kiAlcd. Or e*iTcrtng MiikK^iJi ihc 
Khu^^iih rtiM^cd lo tht house of SiiJ:iv] ihri Wjuqa' and ih:il ni' an :fny of 
ttitirTiCLitbtiRar'. 

Wilh IfH: aUQcfcs of [hi^ Quravfth am! Lliinu Bakr agains: Thv KliLri»a~uli 
.l^tiing sQine tif [hem, Ihey were in faci viofuiiinj rhcir ircajy with Uie 
Pmphet fpbulO ihrough (hdr iggrcwivc aliiiude lowa^ls the Khuzj'jth who 
were in btmd wiih him. Under ihis ilfuaiion. '^Amr ibn Salim al-Khu^^'^T and 
oiicof Banfl Kah wenuoth;? Pri>phef (pbuh) m Midiniih. Tliai was among 
rlic causes of ilii: Ojiitjiieii of Mjktali, Ami J^rood l)y him while he was 
siuing wilh Ihc people in the inosquc. lold him aLwui (he btcatli of Ute 
pledge, and ustcd tbr holp. I1w Pi^pbei (pbuhj said. "Yvu w\U ^ti Mp. O 
Amr iha Salm'' Whtfll A cloud appL-arcfl li[ ihc sty u> hira. \ic SBi4^ "Verifr-. 

Together w^ilh a band Df Ihc KJiu^^'ah, Biii!j»y| ibii Wahja' went ro tfie 
PfophcT (phtihj m Madtnah 10 inform him or Ihdr afllit'iion ajHl how (he 
Quniysh were supprnini? Banu Hnkr aguioM thcni Afiei meciinp him ihcy 
f<^iial l.> Makkah, The Pta^lmi iphuh) h^d said 10 ihem. 7/ .^ff^«j ihn wh 
W if^ /IM Sti/\'^n rtwimfl /^t r.unfortir /iw tr^tav aad cii^td irx ifm." When 
Buduyl and his *:ompull^on^ hyd rcncbcd "llsfan they met AKi Sufy^ ibn 
Har+>, xvho hud been dispiiTcljed by ihc Quraysh eo rtinf^^cc ilie uvMy with 
the Pniphiii tpbuh) nnd ro make yn c.\(fn!ii»ii. ji; ihey fi-;ued ihcouicomi: of 
Wh^ Ihoy had dune. When Abu Sufyfm \^w BudjyI. he a^ked him irmi 
where he wiii couiuig, an he iuspecicd ihai fic had b^n 10 iIil' I'mphei 
(pbtihl. He answeivd liut he h^d been moving ^n\\ tii? Kl^iwilaii along lh:ii 
cousi und III ihe bailamoJ ihai ViJky, while he dcnit-d ihiir he had been lo 
Muhaminari (pbuhi, when he hyd asked him M. Sudayl hud continued tci 
Makkah- and Abu SufySn did noi believe him as he saiiT ^^^ hrmsclf. "In ease 
Budayl v.cni lO M^dinah he woidd have fodkiefcd hh eaiiiels d,iic-«:eds 10 
cal thejc " He went Iw the pl^ce where camck hjuT njsicd, j^piiL up (heir dung. 



as^fcl whuikT mhrnnuil M pcrmincd ir. He sajd no. Thus, ttey 
su^XM:icd (hm 'All mi^hi Iijvl- ton ioDling hitn and all whm he had Jon^> 
WHS u;^-k'M>, Htf ,^uicj, "By ANijli. [ found noihing else lo do." 

The Ptdi^ci Tpbuh) gave anJers to the Muslims it> prepare for an 

mvi^nm- Abu Buki wa^ viiiUng his duu^^i ^AJiJiufi who A'U.s mukmg the 
pfeparaiions. Wlicn lie asked hcc iiboui Uie plucv tficy v.ck Io gn, iihc mid 
liimlhal ^lie J,J noi know. Uic; ihc Pn>phcl fpbuhi arjiiourKc^i mjil he was 
gomK lo Maktah and nnkic*! ik-in tn be ready. H« s:iid. "fl.-l/M. lakr -ht^v 
f/ir vvif.i fl/f-/ fii^ysfr/>m the QuraVstt yo thai h-^ mtiy uikt^ ihfirr hy^urpri.-^^ i^ ihtir 

lua/L " Thi^ -MTwy %o\ reiidy. 

When llitr Prnphtl ipbuh) ilciL-miinL',1 in [niuL-h r,» Makkjh. Hatih ibn Ati 
Balt;r:m umto u rrwssflEc it> ihe Qu^v,sh Hj (dl ihem abouL iho Prnphef*: 
decision to ra^d i[icn^. He gave il lo u womai u> whom he pjid some m,jiH;y 
lo convey Ie to ihc QLiray>!i, She pui il on ber }ieud. Ihcfl pkiicd her braids 
fiver il and IcfL TTkc Pmphci i pbuh) rccch'ed a fcpon froni heaven oi H^lih's 
dL-ed. TIniv he ■iummoiwd Ali ibn Abj J^lib und Az-Zubayr ibntik" Aww^m 
;jnil ^.nd. '(.r> nfifr „ lyomnn »iih ^fu«n there is a leriir/nMi H^iiti ifm /\bi ifat- 
(»-iJh Ut lUf Quravih m^Fnh,^ tiu.n ,^-.>wr -/fr/.vmfl agatn^t ikfrn." They ovenock 

her in Al-Khaliqah i>f Banu AbO Ahniad. Making Iwr gei dou-n, ilipv t<K>ked 
■jfilo her huggjjge hut fuiujd nc»rhmg, /Mi swofc hy Allali lo lu^r Ihai ih: 
ftr^phel was rwvtrr Id \si inisinfunned nor were ihcv. Jind ihai if she did noi 
give ihe Mier ihey U'^uld strip Tier. Wh^n .she found him schmus. she loW 
ihcin U) uim aside. !Slii: undid her bmids and give ihc leuer to him. Whon 
the ProphcE <pbiihj ^joi the Jcllcr fruni him. he tailed Jiaiib and askeJ him. 
■■U'/jrt/iWi«^/v««/rt^rtjfl^" He sad. "By AH^. I I>c3icvc in ALU* and Hi* 
Mcsscilgcr ani] n\i hcUcf has never tkingcd. Hm I jm a mun of no posiuon 
amtmE fhe Quray^^h and I have cMldrcn and a family ihcre w I had lo do 
somcihing far their ^akc " ' Um:ir iisked the Proplioi lo lei Jiim hchcntl Haiib 
eon^idcrin^ liim ahypocriie. Ibwever. rhe Propliel Jpbuh)said, "Ho^s ,h t»r. 
A/im, X'mat' ftrluipy MlaJt l^ked nt tha^^ ^\im<nwidird Badroit thr Oiiy ofliadr 

Ailah ihe AlfTii^hTy seni down cnnccming iiaiib. JiO you ^hn WlievrJ 

T*iU mil My fiKfrnia tunl \oiir Mfniw.v U.r. iJiiiKtievcn and /'I'lMhenij, gr^.^ as 

Jri^mfs. xiu,..'i.j^ ajfeelun, ft-^/^rJa ,ktm ■ > (tf ^ I^^etd thenf tins h^en an «■ 

tyfteif/ exmapte for snu at IhrUhh-ni lAhrahari'^ W thtnv nir/i him. ^vfu-n ihey Miiil 

— CSJj — 



A Report on Those of the I'rophe.i's Companions 

Who Suffered from Fever: 

"ASshLih iniyy Allah he pfei^d wilh lierl said. U'lk^n ihe Pniphct 
tpbuh} uirivcd ni M:idHi.itK ii w^l^ ihu mosf plate plugucd wiih fever on 
carlh, ll infccicd iiis Coiupiifiioa'i aIu> stffcied a severe affticuon, Ycl. 
Allah kcp! il fronk Hii Proplci. Abu BjikTs mawUh. Amir ibtj Fuhayij^h 
iinil Biiai. tti^rv wi[li him in one house wiicTt ihi: ftvcr uiUKkctl ihcm. I wi^nt 
U> aiUhc Ihcm. for Ihal wsis bci'otc ihe veil liiid been pit*crif>cd lor w<tnicn. 
Qaly Allah knowa lit>w much they wen: ;igtinia;d frtrni fevci. I uppiw|ehi:4 
my Fikihei and aa^ked him how he wa^ domg. He zio^weied^ 

Any man mi^hl he greeted by his ratnity in The moming 

WhiJcdcaih w^ih ni^jrcE ilun iJie Lho^g uf Ui*^ sjui^Ij). 

I said, 'fly Allah, ray father does not know uhai he ji saying.' Tlien I, 
weQilo^Amirund asked UiCT^imuquc^i^jJi^ilc^uUiy. 

I huveexpcfjenccd deaih bi^fore octualTy r.-iStihg lI , 

Tlie coward's dcnh comes upon him :ls he sil^, 

Eveiy man iu;lsis i[ with ail his migh 

Lite the ox Thai pwieeis his fwdy uiih hit horns 

I Miiil, 1*; Allah ^ Ainir d<jc.s not know s^hai he is saying.' Bil3I. when ihc 
fever swa.yed bun, by Joftn on \hs ground ol ihe huuiifi, mil raised his voice 
saying- 
Shall lever speed anij;hi jgain in HakliLli''^ 
With sweci licrbs aiHl liiyiuc iiroLnd me? 

Will Lhe day davn when I i:omL* downio ihc wjieu. ofMiijannah'^' 
ShaU I ever we ShSniah and laHl^^' again? 



iMfljiiiniJi wji AT^MktlllclJlKllltaMyi^llh- 
T. S]>aiiiiihjiv[T'LiiTrv-i:ri:ivr4inininij4lminM;ikXjitL 



clernnl end ^i \hc QiM'aysh." Al-'Abbfls conunued, "Ridmg ihe f^ophcr's 
whi[t iijulc. I reactwd AJ-Ai^t, as I ihoughc ] mighl fmd sonic woodcuticrs, 
milkers, or ajiyoac who couJdgo to [he people of Maickah lo lell ificm aboui 
Che Prophet (pbuh) so that ihcy could ask foj proieciion hcforc he enictad 
Ihe plui^L' by forte. While huving such an mlcniion. I heard [he voitc <if Abft 
Sufyan and Biuhyl speaking li> each oiHer. AbQ Eufylin was sa>'ing, '] hove 
never seen iUch Tires and camping hrfurc.' 'By Alhb. it mu^^ he (hi; 
K^u/3'ah coming for wjt.' answered BudayL Abu Sufyflr said. Thi^ 
Kbuza'ah are Eoo trivia] and few lo Jiavc such fij^s and camps. ' Thus T knew 
hmi by hi^vorceaswcll as he did. I tuld hjm about ihc Prophei (pbuh) and 
-ilia array, mid showed conccni Tor liim and foi ihe Quraysh, 'If he roaches 
you he w.ri CM off yoiif head, so mounr i>n ihe back of this mule aod I wiTI 
cake you lo him and ask sa^cfy Tor yoy.' He siu behind me. while his Ivo 
companions wem baclc. 

Pawing by the Mubfim fires, iho> first betuim: akn. wapiicting who w« 
were hul caimc-d tJo^n sjymg Ihat ii was the Prophut's mule ndJto bv hw 

aiKk'-Umilwc werealongriidc [.nrrfr'^lii^.he^^iu' AhQSufyanori thebnck 
of the "Tiulij iind cried om/Ab^'iSufyanrbe enemy of AJI^kh! Thanks (o Allah 
Jhat wc eaii sci/e you withoui agreetEieni or covenant.' Then be Wiint to the 
?rophci ipbLlij ninning. while I marie the fpulc goar -i £Bllap, and Ihc mule 
won: ii was like a sltnv beaM ouciitnniiig a slow nmn. [ descended ^ind 
hastened to [Ik Piopliej tphuli>, imi Umai i-ntcred repenimy what he had 
said i\hout Abii SulySii and added, "O Messenger of Allah! Lci me hthcad 
bim/ J said, 'O Messenger of Allali, 1 have giver) him my pralcctii>n,' Then f 
sal by [he Proplnl ipbtihl, holding his hejJ and y-iid, "By Allah, none shall 
Milk secretly lo him tonight without my pii^^enec'. A^ ^Umar tominued lo 
objtvt Isaid, 'Gen[K I'mar! By Allah, in tjw; he was of BanG'Adivy khn 
Ka'b you would iioi have .^aid (hit: but it is beeau^c you know ihat he is of 
Banii "Abd Manaf." He answtred. Gently Abbi*;! By AlJaii. the day you 
wnbniced L^him was dealer m me Hum thai of Al-JChiiitfib if he would have 
bt-come a Mu^hni.' The Praphtl (pbuhMuld hk to lukt AljfiSijfy^ wiih nte 
10 niy dwelling and return m the momm^. 

1 did what hi had told me; so early in the niorhmg 1 *bok him to meet the 
Prophet Ipbuhj. On seeing hini, he said. Wr^ n, you Aki Sttfyi/i. i.v it lUii shtie 
tiwt vtm knovf rhui therr^ r.T nit auii h\a AUahr He answered. 'I ransom \vai with 



EstabHshlng Rrotherhood 
between the Mubajirun and the An^cir 

!bn Isbiiq ^v± "The P^iphct fpbuhj esiablishcd mutual hnuhcrhiH'd 
I>ciwecn hi.^ Companions of the Wuhdrinin jnd ihf Ant'iT- According to 

whm biDi reucheil me, und T seek Allah's prattiction Trom Jiiritiuling to him 

wurdsTh.il htf ilid rol say. he said. ' Re hrtfrher.% m Altatt. pair hy pair ' \\c held 
ihc hiind«f Ali ihn Al:tl lalih and said, ''nii.s i,i /ny^m/^/v' The Messenger 
of Aiiah, was ihe muNier of llw McssengCFS ami liniim ol" those who iirc 
conscious i>f Allah. Ih^ Pvlessfngcr of ihe I.nrd of llie Worlds, and the 
peerless and mcomparable. He und 'All ihn Abi laltb hcciitne broihers. 
iiamwh \bn Abtlet-MuUulibH tUc lion *>f Alkth ;jnd His Mcsscngern and (Ik: 
uncle of Ihc Prtiplrci. bCLiiiiiclhclin>ihcrofZii>dibnU3rill"ah. UicPiopliOL's 

mywia, iiiini^iih ^jetjucii tiled to Znyd on ibc iJjnli: nf l^hud. iit case of his 
dcjih J" fiUi ibii Ab^ latib "the one of <hc iwo wjn^s. J"id the flier {in 
Paradfcssj" *iJid Mu adh itm JMbftl ^he bfollwr of Ihn Salamuh became 
heathen. 

The |\iirs were a^ falhiws: 

AbuBjkriind Kh^rijuh ibn Znhiiyr/limar ihnulKhaiiab and ithiin ihn 
MUi^i Al5ij "Ubiiyiluh ihnulJ.woti and Sjd ibn Mu'adh^ Akiur-R^iliman 
ibQ Awf and Sa"d ibn ai-Rabl'; Az-Zubjyr ibnul-'A^w^m uiid Sjls«mab 
ibn Sulainah ihn Wm^sh; UhhinGn ib« 'Aff^n and Aws ihn Thabil 
ibnul-MuodMr, Jaltiah ihn Uhiiydillah und Kabibn S^Iik; Sa^W ibn Z^yd 
ihn 'Amr ibn Nufiiyl and Ubayy tbn Kab; Mua'ab tbn 'Umayr nnd Ahfi 
Ayvub Kbiilid ibn Zjyd; .\bil t^idhayfah ihn ' IJtbuh and " \hbfid ibn Bishn 
'Animar ihn Yasir and HudlinyTiih ibnul-Yaman; Abii Dharr :il-Chi(arT and 
At-Mumlhir iSn Ana: HflUh ibn Ahi Buliuah and 'L'waym ibn S{i"idah: 
Siilniin the Penmn and Abud-Diirdii'; und Biiai the mawTS of Abii Batr and 
the Vnip^]:i\\h{'tnlfniiiii! icalleruipryycrl aTid Abu Ruwayiiaii. 

Tticic were the rren wbo have bden mentioned lo us a\ tbt Pti>f]hi;t'5 
Companinns wtth whi>ni ln' tenicntcd ties of mutual brolherhoMl-' 



ainiinucd. ^Antl ht who shuL-i his door i% safe, and he who mm The 
Mosquo k i;afc\ Then ibc people diffused to dirfctcni directions, io iheir 
houiics and [he Mosque " 

Ahdulijb ihn AM Bakr rclaiL-d ihai when ihc Ptophei stopped at Dhu 
TuwX he wus nilms h^ hcaM wearing ;. turban of red Ycmsm duih. Whsn 
he sn« how Alliih Iml lion.iied him wjrh vicior>. he lowered his head in 
tenili(> 10 Alluh uiiii! his bctrd iiljiiU',! loudrd tile nmidrc of the saddle, 
AsmS' Iht: dJiughlcr of Ahii Bukr reiared ih^r when (he Piephci (pbulil h;iJied 
[n Dhti luwa. AhO Qubilfjh nskcd one of his youngest dju^^hicrs, ro Ui^c 
him up It. Ablj Quh^ys f^ moumafn in Makkih). He h:id r.lnH>s( !oi;t hi^ 
sigh;, so tf hen ihey ascended lie asked her whai .she couJd see. "A hk\zk of 
bl^ickiies*.- :^he said, "It is ihe eavulry," he ^aitj. Then shf lold him ihai she 
fl-'ujp seeing a man running np and down m froriL of ihem. Jli- ^id, "D 
daughter. iL IS iIh: adjuiani,' i.e, Lhc one whi> gives and fnnvaid'i [he orders 
H> ihc cavalry- Tfie^i she p,iid, "By Allah, ihe blackness has diffused." He 
said "Thcnirfore ihc tavalry biis hecn ^ei free, so hurry and eM:ort ntc [<» my 
house." WhJIc she was laking him down, the tai'iilry mci iliem before 
littching his house. As Ihc girT was wearing a silver nc^-khce » man 
eneouj.fc.'«^d Ui^r ;,nd [ore il from her reek. When ihe Propher ipbuh) entorfll 
me Vfo^que, AhiJ Bakr wcni u him leading hi^ father. On ■seeing him the 
fiThtTiphuh) said/' VVfivcfid...ji/^rt,/m^rA<^>W ,«,,,; /,,^yj/^„^ 
R^ t<^ him ihf^.e^" Abu Bjkf replied, "Jt js he who should eoine lo >ou\ lie 
mad^; him s^ii before him anJ simkeJ hi% hrcaM aiid a'ifcetl him lo cmbni^e 
hJam nnd he d\i\ so When Abu Bakr :ictompanled his father ^vho wsa 
whilE-hjJred. the Prt7phcl tphuh) Told iheni to I'hange that prayness of the 
hair for him. Then Ahn Bakr gor up. held hi^ sister's hand, and said, "I 
iroph^re hy AlJuh and hhmi for my sister's neckJacc^ No one answeretl hini. 
sn he said, "O liiile sjsier, i^uve [he reward for yuw neckJiitc ^^-i.ih Airah. tor 
hoiicMy IS rare among paipie nowadays." 

The sTogan of the ?ivp\K\\ Comj^anions on" the day?, of Makkah, 
iliinayn, iiiiJ A[-Iiif: for The MuhSjrrQn was "O Bai»u ^Abdur-Rahman". for 
iJic Kliu/raj. "O I3^u 'AbdullSir: arttJ for the Aws. " O Banil UbaydiUflh''. 
The Pmphcl (pbuhj QXL-^'c in^Lmctions lo the Mut-lini leaders w-her i:niermg 
Makkah noT to fight, exeept certain individuals *h<> masr be killed even i\- 
they were found under tht cunam.^ of the Kahah. Among ih^m ^3. 



'AbtlutiSh ihn Sn'd, ^h. MoiHor of B;;iifi Amir ibn Uuyy, TIk- Pmph*:t 
(pbub) .rdcr^d ih.l h. sluH.!d bo k.li.d bcc.u^ h. w.s . Mushm who u.s.. 
iTwrile down ite RL-vd.T.Di. f.^r ihe Proplic* (phuri). bui he apc.mLi.cJ ^id 
rciurn^d to ih. Qumysh. H^ rcsotiod eo ^U-hmii. -b. 'Mfin v.h^ was h.s 
fo^cr-bTi^ta, He con^eJ hi.n unli! U.c <oiidiU«fis m M:.tkoh .cKlcJ ni^d 
then no ftraugm l-m i. xhc Frophci (pbuhK .^^kirtg if h. m.ehi he gruni.d 
sak'iv soiii. ^lid th.t lb. P^pHcL ^Pi>"h) W- silc"' fo^ a lonfi ume umil 
rmatiy he ...id V.S, Wh.n -Uihr,^ b.d £on. be s^d ta his Compamoru. wliu 
were theie, 'i .e,jmm^.{ s>ien, w- f/i«; ^ of ,m. -ii-^/ m. ^m/ M'T."' him. 
One of Ihe Ansor said, "Then v.hy did you iu>^ give ^ a hriL, M^sscnficr 
of AhihT^ He said. 'A Pni/fftf/ -ia-.> 'toi kilt lyy g'^su^ex. '' ' 

Anoihef (>Tic lo he UKcd «a.s ' Abd.,lltjli ibn K\^m\ of Banu Tayytm ibn 
GltfiUb He wus ;i Muslim and once -bi- Prophet (phuh) --^ni huu wiih a aoui 
10 ColJcc-L Zat^^^ Ibii Kbaial had \^hh bim :i ».a»ii^ of fiis lo serve him- 
Wben they allgtued, *lc iihkcd him m -Juughcct a goiv^ for hnif and prep-Jre 
sonw fiHid. and ;htn ^ic: s!cpT. When he liuuke Ihc »i..hAJ hjd doti^ nollllng, 
^ he killed him .nd a:>osta(i-ted. He hiiri t^vo female sidgers TarUiOa and her 
fr>eRd .vho »i^d lo -^ing sJircB-sUc suiigs abotii ihe Messenger of All.ih 
tpbuh^, so he conjimuKleil ibal iliey should be kiUetl with bim, 

Al-Hu«^F^ '^^ NuqaVdh WHi tn be killed for n»aHre^mg the Pi^phcL 
tpbuh) in MaWk^. T^f Pr*^phei (pbuhl ordered ih^t Miqyu-^ ibn ^uhibim be 
Ulled Mnec- he h^ slain an Ansiri who formerly killed his brother by 
iKciden., and v.enl lo (he Quraysb =i. an aposi.ie. Also. Sonih who hnd 
m:fUhed him ir Makk^ w.v :» imwiah of B.nfi 'Ahdu^MfliialiK Mknmah 
ibn AM Jahl was in^m^ofled lo he Mlicd. bul lie escaped lo Yemen. H.s ^ifc 
Lmm Hakim ihc dmii^hte: of Al-H^nth ibii Hicham cmbracvti hbm. She 
a^Kcd s-ifiiiv for hini and .he Pr->phet iphuh) isetepicd. ^o she went aitei h^r 
huslxind m Vejnen =»iKi hr^Hight him u> ihe Prophei ipbuhj and lie became a 

Mll'^llIll. , 

-^AhduUih Ibn Khai^l was Uain by Said Ibn Tjjrayih al-Makh/OmT 
loE^rhcr wi.h AbCi Baf/;ih al-AUami. Miqyas ibn Subabah wits kilJe^l by 
Nuniaylah ihn Abdill^h, one of his elan. 

'llirair ihnut'KhQiiih QBd ihai oT littjniii nUa him 



As r<ir mn Ktiala]'s two femiiJc slnfjcrt. otw was killed and the other fled 
Itmil tTic Prophci gave her safely, Tdc sjmc li^ippened to Sarah, whu lived 
unul ihc rule (>f "Umiir when ^tic was killed down :u the valScy of M^tkkiih. 
Al-liuwayrilh ibn Nuqavdli was killed by Ali ibn AhJlalib. 

Umm H\m' Oil- iluughicr of Abfl piib J^aid, "When ihe Prophei ipbuhl 
Maycd i» ih^ uppi^r pan of Msikkjh. two of my hrinhL^Ts-in-lnw ot BanCi 
MathaJm escaped and hid M]m> huu^c/ Shi^ wasihtwircoljlurtitynifi ibn 
Abi Wulib uI'MakhzGliiI. She t'ominucd. "My bcuilicr. "^Ali ibn Abi X&Mh. 
came in avovkin^ dui lur would kill ihcm, so 1 locked Ihc door of my hou^* 
on ihcm .-ind ^liKLied lo thr Prrtpliet (phiiti^ He wjm hjving a ba[h- wbiii; his 
daughicr Faiim:ifi wn-* covcrine hini wilh his robe. When he Imished. he 
wrapped hiJiMlf in his robe and offered eiEht rflktths for lite flw^d pniyer. 
Vhen he rumcd it> welcome me and isked me ybEiui the reason for my visit. 
so 1 rreounied lo him ^*hii{ had haiipened evmecrtiing ihc Two men unci AH. 
He said. 'W^ t^ivc pivtectioa and ^tf^^iy lo linoe ^ju /mj^c s'^tn protection, llr 
ituill nor kdi rt&n-"' 

Saf!yy:ih ihedauEhlcr t^rShaybah related that, being in Makkuh Aiitzi itic 
pccipic had skilled rtown. ihe Prcjphei ipbuh) went lo Lin;iimiiiiibulii[e tlw 
Kifbdh seven liiucs on his chjik?! touching the Comer widi his rod. 
Afterw^ds he cuHcd 'Ufiimiin ibn latfai^h lo tate thu key ol lile Ka^ball 
from him. Wlicn ihe Ka'biih waji ojiened for him. he fourd a wooden pigeon 
whieh he broke wjlli his liands and harled it iiway. Standing by Ihe gale of 
the Ka"bah. itie people were aisembled with him in ihc Mom|uc. 

IImi IshiJq J^aid. "Sonic stholart tnlil me ihai ihe Prophet JpbuhJ was 
standing by ihe gaieof the Kabah when he said, •Therf i^ no ^nl bui Alluh 
iiUj'ie with lu^ iissfH-idle H/r haj hwi Sinct-rf in Hi.'i ptamhv aruiiia^ jfiwn victory 
to Rii irivtiia. f!f "lofjf hax vm^ui^hed Ihr CtmfedtrotfS. B/hoid' Every pre- 
ttimWi tif \m\iUgt: blf>0'!.nrpriipv'-t\'srioiviii\dtritu\sflv^i'firiirfmirienittiilte 
tACepiion Pfsetriiifi ihi: Hi'hm.- iUiJ ^ivrn^ tvnit^r ti* ihe piifinn\s. Bfh,.tdf (Con- 
.Umiris} rh^ citif ^'fi^ i" ■dtiin /'^ mhtake iintt spnu-tKii-nnonitiJy In/ a whip tir stick, 
!/ihfii>mh} nkitulit *eifi\'i' ilir iol^mn hiofnimimty. (whiih ir* d hwtdrfi! mfii'-h. 
amons yifiiih fiirrv ^furuU /v pre^imnt OpVfipIt ofQunmK Allch has iiik£n away 
ffiJ-fi vou Iht jinji-uij-t-r f»/i>nr>/HrtAf fpn-dyliim> and \'cncmtii'n ffflkeforejathers, 
Man ts/rom Adant und Adaa is Jrfat dui^l' Then hc recited [hc Quranic 



for yo. ^c an honored nroil.a. ana .!«; -" "1 - 1'"--' "^""^^ "^ '"""- 

The Prnplic. (pNh, *i, Mm ■" "'^ Mo^qnc. when ' Alt ib„ Ab, Trtlih 
cane *Uh .L Kc or i^ K.-bal,, He ...cd .he Pr«pho, <pb.h, u.charge h^ 

N.«..ih.l=.> .he P^phc. ,pbuh) .mnmon.<l 'Uthman ,bn I» h.h a,«l so,d. 
Ib„ Hi,1mm .aid. "So,.. «hd=,« .oTd me iha. *. Pioph« tpb.h) o-«cr.d 

i L,.rc af Pr,>ph« Ibrahim holding ihc .dS.,. ^M^y All^<<> Cur. <" "/■"" 
,hL- he said, i T>^- A«vr ™.J, ™r.V)«,M .-^<( '•^om. Wkai Uaslb^i^ W do 
will, surh ,lm,^r Then he tolled. ■H'r6hin. Mr,J,^«> -vis „«rtfr .>J><^- ">" - 
a.n.,.„n. I.. He «™ « ,™. «.«/("■ '.""'/" "■^"■■"- ■*''""""^'"'' " '" "'"f''/""'; 

■ImrSn; 67C He (pbBh) iheiit-nlefcd Ih.i all Ite* pi"".^^ ^""Id !« d^troy.d- 
Oi. ihc vcar of the ConqucM. wh.n ihc Prophe. (pbuhl entered ihc 
K.-h^. h« wu. ac.«mp«>i.d hy Bdfll «tom he a.ted lp call 0,. p."l>l= -o 
pruyer. Meanwhile. AbO SufySn .hn H^. 'AUab ,bn As.cl ..nU Al-Uflti* 
L. Hishftrn were rv-siing in .he y^d ol ,l>e Ka-bah. -A.,Sb ibn A,.d ^,d, 
-Allah has h.)nciied Asid m am taarin. 0,... o.hcr^isc n w^uld h«ve 
infilhared him. ' Al-Uar,<h said. "By Allah, .f 1 la,.» ihc h« .. ngh- 1 *o«ld 
tavc folkmed him." AbCi SafySn ^Id, 'I will no. »y .ny.hmg If 1 w«= lo 
alter ihcse lobbies w^uld ir-romi cf i>." Thereufx-n ihe Prophet <pbuh) VM 
10 them iu.d said, ■■/ i'-. -'«' "'" <"'- '"i'f' and rcpeattd thc.r i^aymgs. 
Al-li5ri,h ond -Aiifib s«J. "W* ,e,,ity ±M ynu arc Ihe Mes^ngEf of Allah. 
.Nobody wa^ »iih LIS who a.ald have heard our lalk so ihai wc could say 
Ihai hf had inrnnned you." 



Ihn Hishain sniA. "Ibn ^AbNis lelaltd lliar when rhc Prop^c! (pT>uh) 
entered Makkah on ihc Day nf ihe Conquestn on hb; camel, he 
cinjumarnhuljiicd ihc K3b:ih ^vhich was surroumfcti hv idols sel in le;id, so 
hi^ kepi on pninting ai ihem vitd hi^ rod, sayin£, "Tntrh ixc Islamic 
M^mufheism Of IhiJ. Quran or Jihad agdrnsi pfllyrhei^ls) Imt rmnr anii Ba^l 
I tillsehtHHJ, ifi. Satan or pnlyiheism, sK.) hii.v vannhi-d Sun-Sy' Biliil is e'l't'r' 
f»i'jrf;iMf' lu/Msft",'" Wfwnevcr he iphiili) poinied lo jji idiii ii fell ^m^ iis 
buck and whenever he pam^ed Lo iL^ hnck it fell i?nln il> face, unlit all fctj 
down. 

Fndiibb ibn ^Umjiyr fll-LayTh] initndcd to kill ihe Propbei tpbuli) wliiJc 
^TCw^ii L-iicuniainbuLiEiny iho K:i bvih in the year of (he Conquest. Whun he 
npproached him. liir PrnpliL^f (pbiihl *Jiid, "Are yaa Fad^ifih.'" He answtsitd, 
"Yes. I amFa^iilah, OMe>^ngi^fo(7\llah."ThcPraphe( tpbuh)aikcd him, 
"^i\its Hrir ytiu miHiprinn?" He iflid, "Nothmgn JU-SI nifltitioning Allah!" Th;: 
l^plH^I tpbuli) laughed and laiJ. "^^jfe A/M rnfori:ive yvu." ihen he pi»L his 
hand ur> the man ^ breiiit iind ln^ hcjn fiecamc eoniposeiL Failillah usett to 
say, "As »K>n a* be rentuvcd his l:ui;d rjum my hrcahi iiuiIunH cff Allah's 
Cniation ^\'!ts cTeaicr to iixr tlian him," AftciwajiJs l-ii#Iah relumed if h[s people. 

Ibn htitiq suiJ. "The UfLal nuiiiticr of Mu-sLirm who wilntsscd the 
Comiuesi uf Makkali was itn ilmuiinJ Biinu Sulaym ?cvcn hundred, and 
some said one thous;uid. BarO Ghifyf four hundred, Asbm inoi hundred. 
Mii7a>ii:ih one tliou^anil and ihiec. anil the leSL were from the Quraysh, (he 
Aiisar and iheir :^IJies, and other Arab tribes from Taniiin. Qays. and A?ia<i 

The Day of Hunayn, 8 AH after the Conquest 

When the Hawfkin hturd thai tlie Prophei hutl eunquered M;ikkiih- Milik 
ibn " Awt JJn-^a^ri held a mecimg which was attended by all ilic H^wilzm of 
TluqTf. iilt the peo^ile of Na&r and Jusham, Sa'd ihn Bakr, and a fe* froni 
liuim MilliL No oihcrs wcie ihcrc from ihc Qays of "Aylan. Ka'b nnd Kiliih 
i-r ihtf llawizin suycd away md no one of special utonding aiiondtd. 
Among Banu Jusham waii Darayd ibns-Sinmiiih. ati a^cd and tf^ipeiiifneed 
man who wa^ known for his valuable advice and bi-i experience of wi\t. 



1. T^tA^ wcprd^nre m ^ruJ 4f /- j^ini ' . ^cFHf If I 



-<^ 



Thoqtr h..l .wo chkfs: Qk\h ibnul-A.WHd ihn M.^A'd .b^ Mu mb [.J U). 
Awlf. and Dh.l-Khim5r Suhuy' ihnul-HSrith ibn Miiik .nd h.> ^Ih^r 
Alrmur W B.nO Mm. OvcrilL :h. ^fmr. >.cre in The h.mls c.f Mfll.k ibn 
'Av.r.n-Nadri- He decided ui iniid. lo^hc Prophcri ipi.^ii. *.r.t» thcu wives 
^d children. Wh^n h. slopped -A A^vifl., .I.c m^n s^.^^ lo hi",, nmong 
^hi^TTi w:i^ Duravd ibns-Simm^i Mmng m ^Dnlc ih.n^ like -^ hou;rfah m wh.ch 
he W.S .^.cd! A. so., a. he dighied he u.tcd wh.I ..Iby ihcy WCf^ m 
:,„d ^>lM.n h. k..c« il.iil tt v.^ Awii^s he said thai it ..as SUilable for ihc 
cnvalry "Nt^t a rocky in.mnL nar . dusty pl^: hul i*hy (hcse «^und^ oF 
c«^K .^scs, chiMren. and .tepT Tl«.y lold hin. ihai Mi^k h^ lukcn 
,hL-m wuh tho .n^^y. Hc^ a^ ^"^v- stimmuned him and s^.i ■CJ Malit, y"U 
liuve hecLiiiie th. louJer of ycn.r fvopJe .nd (his i. a d=iy uhich wdl 1« 
cmued b>' cvt.-nEs.- He Ihcn ^UL-siiar>ed him iibom ds rounds he wuk 
hcat>t]- and MiiUk cJ^plL^in^'d his poli.. in bnn^ing ihem .o s^iy Iwhiml Ui^ 
warrior, m. ihu. Qicv wo.id Hgh '^idK.ui ihmkirg of reircal. Widl a soimJ 
of denial he sa.d, "You ^hcrh^l- hy AlUh do yOU ihink Uial anylhmg will 
dv^gc ihe ^t3(<^ «f :< dcfcuied rnan'.' In case things go well nolhmg will help 
h.i a man *irh a swoid nnd ^ spcai; in ca^e i: ^.«^ ^gainsi you. ya«j w.ll be 
debased in your family and propert)'.- Then he asked ahoui K;t h jnd Kiiab 
when he kni:u. ai llioir absence, he said, Boldntss and mighi iit.- abscn.: .f 
it were a dav ol ^uhiimuv, K;. h and Kiiab ^sxH^ld not h^ivc kept away, I .vish 
lluil yok. had iKied ihc sa«iK ^s ihcy did. VTiom of your d;«ii; J-n. w^ncs^ng 
Ir'" They luld hiiu ihcy *cre Ainr ibn 'Ainir and Awf ibn 'Amif anJ he 
:^d -^Thas^ i^o weak branLhe^ i>f " Amir ^rto can neither benefit nor h^mi. 
You h^iv.: erred, MAlik. wUcn you adv^ccd the mass, the mass of ihe 

H:ma/Jh, fo c-nct»untot ihe cavalry-. Ui them ascend lo u high and 
macceisibJc pn ol their l:*nd ond nu'cl llic Hpostali^ U.e Muslims) nding 
yonr h'.rxPs. In ca« the fi&hl is ni voLiT advaniygE. rhose behind can pcoccxd 
end join you. and in case il is against you. yoj will h;ivc rescued your 
f^Hidics and property " Mitik ^id. "By Allah. 1 will Wi do whai you have 
said li seems ihai yflu have becmne too old as well as yoar Uiinkmg. O 
people c>f llawiiin, vou will either roll.>w nic. or I *ill kill imysdf with ihs 
swoid," He c™ld ntK si^nd Durayd's bBving aoy position in Ihe mailer. As 
ihc HawS/in aid thiii iki^v ^^ould obey Milik. Durayd said, "This 11 a day 
«.bkh 1 ..HII not witness nL>r miss". MMjk said lo Ins warriors, -'On sci-nng 
ihcm. break vour sealihardi and asiail ihem as one maru" 



-i.2n 



When tht Prbphel fpbuh) heard abm^ their pJoliing. he dispatched 
^Ahtlnlla)! ibn Abi Hadrad a[-A=^l:uni to iVjty among (hfiri unill he could 
Iciim ahijui ihi^ir plmi, and rctom w him with the rtcws. ' Abdullah did as 
ihe Piophtt Ipbuti) had ordered lum and returned and told him about iheii 
dccLsionU) Figtil mm^ 

Asihc Pccphi'i (pbuh) bi^gjin io prepare for Lhcwar agninsuhe Hawizin, 
he was lold rhai SaJwan ibn I'mayyah, ihcn a poMheisin had iomc amiors 
and weapons. He ipbuh) summoned him ard said, "O At>ji Unuiyyah. tmil m 

your wmj'oiis s<f it'r mu'v cncouitfer our enemy iiiiiarrvis ." SafwSn asked, "Do 
you want ibctn by tofCC. Muhanuiwd?" He suid, "A'o, ihry ure n warrautfi 
hwt tintil s^^e ^ivr ihfj^ hark t'> vt^it." He accepted and lenl him a huiidmdcoats 

ofmaif wLih ihuir eqiupmtiiL li wus ^aid tjiai ilie Prophcl tpbubi.wked fof 
rnuispori 10 convey them aad hi: provided bin* with ii. 

Then The Prophet Ipbuh) left \vith two ihou^iand ftnm ihe people of 
Makkah aad fen ihrnLsand uf his Companions who aa;onip!inied him in this 
Conquest of MakktO>. thus lOTaling iv-h;1vc thousand niert. The Prophci 
(pbubl appoimcd Wuab ibn Aijd ibn AbcT-is ibn l.mayyiih ibn "AM 
Sham^ m charg*: ol lbs :iflairs of Makkah. Thon he vcm uticaiJ lo i:onfr[jnl 
[he Hawazin- 

Al-Hanih ibn Malik said. "Wc acgompanieJ ihc prophci tpbuh) lo 
Hunayn as fresh Muslims. 'Ilw disbelievers of the Qaraysb and uther Aiub 
iribu-s hiid n p^al green tree talkd Dbu(o Anw5t (the ore wiih suspenders) 
ta whiL'h ihey used lo go every year, suspend itieir armn on i\. slaughier 
hciisis bcnide iu and stoy there Tor a day Wiik we were maichini! wUh ihe 
pT<iphct [pbiihl vc found a grcar tolc Ijcc *o we called <m to tht Prophei 
(pbuhl from the sides of the road 'O Messenger of Allah, Mate a irce /or us 
Id he like thc^r DhalU Anwat/ lb said, 'A//dftu rtiJwr' By tfiin Who hnuls my 
iou( Hi Hi.i Iiimtii, yaa tmve icui ilikf} ihal 'v/ncti ihe peitpU oj mho xahi tjr 
Itim. 4 Make for »j un Mh f jj s<*^} u,i I'rrv /wvt alikih {sadxl ' He said. ^Vfrily. ymt 
ti/e u pcj'plr who>i/n-\ niiry*^^ 7l is tifiHrms/ Sumfy. ytut wittc/tnpty w'uh thf cus- 
fpms i^ihiixe %4toprecfikdyoii.* 



I h 



K re viMiilooul kc"'* if-e Mfljc-i) aiJCreaiKH^'l Allcih Jpd fchfli Is pblipiimyupmy«l, IJ-'IO 
■wDrshi|r™ncr>mAlfatiAi[inc-ilifOnejnariieOril> Ooanl jNihU"«ii. Al-A'ifll I3S 



jabir ihn ^AMiltah siiid. "Approaching Ihe valley of atJ/iajm we 
descended iTiFOUEh a spacious and ^loping v^[c> of Tih3mah, H.c enemy 
liad preceded lis lo [he valley, la/ked in its glens, sidetracks, iind siraus. and 
pHTur^d LhuHLSChc well Wc w.-.e mOMng dt^wnw^^l s^^^y '" ^^ 

nghiuatd and said, 'W^i.^,. ar. -" -^m-^J- <? P''-W''^ ^""^ '^"'^ '" "I' ' '"'j 
,;,. Af.«.Tirr^r -V'^'^*'"' ' -" ^^J"--"^ ^^^ ''^'-''^"^''" TTie cameU bumped 
one ini<. the o.h.r .nd ^h. poopic w.nl off but . h:>nd of (he Muh^J.rtn. Uie 
AnfaSf. ami ihe Pr^iphiTi's hmify Stayed with him (pbuN)." 

ibn Ishflq sjiid th-i[ wh<!n ihe men ran away aikd the rudc jniong the 
™plc of MHkfc^h *ho wcxe with Ihe Prophet (pbuh}!^aw thi.t they hiid h^cn 
d^eatci so^e of ibem spoke in a way th.i sh.^v^cd ihcir an.n.siiv, v\b.i 
Sufyan ibn U^i* v"d, "Their tkfca will nor ccaw; before Ifey gei u» Uh: 
sea'" He carried liis iizldm m his shcaiTi. Jabalah ih^iul-limihal cti^d o.n, 
■an^iinlv sorcery is rtnnulkd todny/ Shayl^l^ ibn Uihmfln -siiid, 1 s^atd. 
■JOduy l' will avenge t^n Muhoniinad,'" Today I ^^«U kitl MuhLimmad. I 
mroed (i;«urd5 ihe Mc^s^oeer of Alii^h io kill bin. hiil .oni^lhlne happened 
>hai Icoiild noutiwd doing il and t knev." thai lie was picsetvcd fram w^: 

Ibi. Is^L, ui.i> >md on. of th. people of M^Vkflh told hit« Ihai vvhcn ibt 
Prophc. -,pbi.h> dep^nc^d M^kkah JTsading for Hurayn and suv- Ihe gn:ai 
r^umbor. of Allah'^ soldii;rs he sa.d. 'IV^ ^'tlt noi ht h^aicH wdny foi wa,U <^ 
nioriberi. ''" ' 

Al^-Ahbas ihn AbdHAIuLlalih i^aid. "I'wfls wiUi ihc Pfophcl (pbuhl 
si\/m "he rciti of bis white mdc which \ h^^ piu hciween its jaws. I was a 
liirge man with a si^noiou^ wite. The Prciphci (fbah) ^id to his army, as it 
was in chnos. W;../r ri« >t». <K'>'''SJ. O p^^ur btii none of iliem scen>cJ w 
have heard, lie ^^cd me to ciy <)ut loudly, 'O Aiiar. O Cfm^^fi^* "f^- 
Simturuh-. fhey replied, ^Herc wc arc at your service'. Ojic ijf th^m would try 
10 reverse his camel, hut he could rtot da it. so he would take iiis amior, cast 
il on its neck, lake his sword and shield, dismount \U Selling tt free while Ik 
folTcurcd (he vciic*^ until he reached the Prxjphei (pbuhj. Eventually a 
.hundred warriors gsidicred around l^im. proceeded, and fought. 

%i Hi* fnihprurafc-i.i-ii'ian^helliiv it UTtini 

i Theu: wnidi i^crt liiu^ hy g.i= rroin Bontl E^. S« Ihnu^Alfih. A^la«lll V«1, 2. p Jl^^ 



The call wjf. first dirctied lo the An^3r ;iiid ihcu to ibo KJi^^juj. They 
were Hrm iir tlic bitlilcridd. while tbc Prophet (.pt>uh) siood m hi^ .^lirrup.'. 
waichiiig the fighL ll^ Ihcy v^cre challenging :ind ^il. 'Now l\ic balllc hub 

Jabij ihn "AhJiTtah mloicd, "'AJi ifcn Abi Tdlib imd an An^^orr i»tiick«<* Uw 
nmn who wiiK cuirj-ins iht hzauinc tif ihc Huwa/.in on his ciliucI. ^AU cainK 
on him from the hack and hainsrrUDg his caracT so ii fell upon i[s rcur tfnd: 
ific Ansari juiiipcd upon him and ^iniL-k hirn a blow which made his fooi fly 
with lidir of his shiLnk and he dsoppcd from his saddle The warriors dtd 
dieir bcsi in ihe light. By Allah, when those who liad withdrawn chhk back. 
iftey found prisoners leilered with me J^»phei Iphuh), ' 

Tile Pri>phe[ ipbuhj direcied to AbQ Sufyan ibnul tlariih ibn 
'Ahdc!-Mtii|Jhb- who *U5 amcing ihose who stood tirm wi(h him (phuhl 
tbJii dJiy, nnd he Vnbl bccumc a giuxL Muslim aficr cmhfadng Jslum. AhQ 
Sufy5ti was holding (is Ehc posterior of Ihc saddle of Ihe Prophet's miilc. He 
asked who ii was. He uiid. "\i h nic. ihc sun of your muthcr- O Messenger 
ofAlTah." 

"AbdulJiih \bn Abi B^Jtt related Ihai \hc ProphL-i ipbufij found Umm 
Sulaym the diiughttr oF MilhSn with her liusburd Abit Tiljiph, She wa,s 
biinding a girdk' as she was piegnaid wilh her son ^AhdullQh ihn lulh^h. Slie 
was rrdmg her liubhand^ camel and m order lo ccmiial It she brought lis 
beihl dost to her. pulling her hand in the nose fiiig or haif aiung wuh the 
now hridle. Aftt-r ih<? Prnphift ipbiih) had reengnr?ed her. she said, "O 
MLS'j^nger of Allali, kill diui^e who fled from you is you kill ihow^ wfio 
combiit you, for ihey deserve thull" The Piophci (pbuh) said, 'h ti tint ihar 
Allah si^rrj imrifar iht^m. O Urnrn SuIuviti:" She had a lIg^cf w:!h her SO 
when AbCi X-iltjah ask^rd her why she carried it. slie haid^ "I loot the dagger 
in case a pofvihei^i conies close Us me \ can np him up with it." We 5ard, 
"Do you hear, O Messenger of Ahah. whai Ar-Rumayi^i' (wtio had a 
pmblcm in her eyesi is saying!" 

Abfi Qaiat|ah said. "On Ibc duy of Bunayii I yiw a MusTun and a 
polyllteisi iightinij, AnoLbcr pi>lyihcisi cantc l*p help hii tompanioo against 
[he Muslimn wj 1 rmiie for him and l'Ui off his liand_ but he griped rue with 
lljg oihtT hand; aiid by Allah if il wus not for hi^ bJeciiing, he wpuk! have 



killed TT.e. but he fell down ind I killed hiRL 1 was loo irtlulged m the b.illc 

m pa> ai^y mor. Ned to h.m. Ono ^f ih*: people of Matkiih T^s^d hy i^c! 

lOOTdd him. When lb. war ^^ils over, the Prophet Iphuh) said. Yvi uft^.vrr 

A/^frJ ^ /«n./i r^vfc^ his h^>' 1 »»d. 'O Messenger (>r AMi tpbuh) I have 

slain J pcnn/l ^^'ho wiLS wonh looiing bui [ ^^ i=xKt^mcly occupied ^n Uk 

biuik ai me niiK so I did noi «c «ho h.^ .poUed him/ One ol ihc p^oiik of 

MuW-iili i^dimiicd .hm 1 had sp^U-:i d^c imih and ^aid ih.l ihP hooiV V,'itt 

wiih him ut>d a.'.ked ihe rropht'i (pbuhi lo pay iiie to my sarisfai;Hon un his 

h^hjdf from my spoil, Abu Bat: said. No. by Allah, h. shaJl noi give him 

fs«n\ ii 10 hi^ s^ti^fJiction, Do you wua: lo ntuki^ oite ->f Allah's lion* who 

fou^til for His religion sTiurc you ^p his booiy',' Give him batk Liie spoiJs of 

IhL- one he had kill^rd!' The PropheT tpbuhl siiid ihai Aba Ujkrs had s^.d die 

miih- iind ordered thai mim to give me my Nx-iy bdck. I look ihi: booiy, suld 

il, and purc:hii>ed with Ihc money a sttihU p:dm-srov«. Il was Ihe firsi 

piopctty I ever owned, 

Ibn l^Uaq ^aid Ihm when du: Ilawu/ln were dcfeoicd, niKiy of iHc men of 
Tl^aqir i^mirtJS BanQ MOlik were killed, and seventy of ihem wci^ killed 
under ihcir standard, ismong whom were 'UlhmSfl Jbn \\bdillah ibn RiibPal] 
ihiwl-lifirith ibn llablb. Theif sraiidurd was Tir^l wilh a man knovvn as 
Dhu^Khimar"^ When he was ^lain, 'UthmiiD ihn, -Ahdillah ia(jk ii unul he 

wab al^io killed. 

As ihc polvtheisk mere bealen Ihey werl to M-Wtf, accompanied by 
Mfilik ibn ^Awf; while some encamped in Awifls, and only BaiiO Gliiyandi 
from 'riiikqtr mudc tor Nnkhlah. The Mtaslmi cavalrj' I'Ufsued iIkjm^ who hn.l 
h^^d for NakhljJi. but they didnotcmae ihosc who hJid gmic lo iht hillocks. 

The Pruphei {pl>^ih> di^paich&J AbO "Aimr al Ash\ii1 to follow ihe 
l^iK'e'^ of [hJtsc in AwiiLs and he caught wmc of ihcni running awBV- In ihc 
eng!>gemenl Abu Amir was speared with dii uiriiv. and die^ ^ hit; oousin. 
Al»G MOhi al'Ash^aii. look tht Mandurd and kepi on flghling undl Allah 
.grsoieU him vik:lh>ry, 

■Biltlhg Their flight. Mfllik ibn "Awf with soms of fii^ hor^enten ^lopptd 
at a hillock on Ihf v/vy lo wjii for dieir weak lo psss and those in the haclc 10 
ji>in ihem. TK- Prorhfr (phuh) wa.t pacing by when he fUUnd ihc m^ 



i; Dliifl-Kllimjir*i»'A«rihlTUf-ftabr. 



gallcfed arountf a wt>man whom Khiilid ibtiul-Waffd had killtd. He at once 
sent a mcssasc lo Kbalict saying "Thr Mc^rej^^erof Mlnh fmifiit* yi>ii fnmi kiU- 

ins " i^hv. H'tman <trti htrei! ,sJave/' 

Thf ProplkT ipbT]h)said iha^ day. If you ia/n:if!cfi ^/ftul ~ a man nrBam'i 
Sad ibn flakr - ih mt Itr him run tjyvayjmm way lor hi; h;id made winip t\\\ 

aci. Whcnihc Muslmis sciKd him ihcy look him awuy wi[hhi> fuinily anJ 
A-Sh-Shiiyinii' !hc daughter of ^M-ljariih **ho was a foster-iister (if the 
Prophet Ipbuli). They vrercunigh with lieroti tlwirway. Wiicn site wJii ihtm 
that she wus :i fostCE-sisicr ol ilic J'roplKi tpbuy, ihcy did nirt believe bet. 
TTicy loi»k |]t;i tu ilic Proplici. 

Wlien sheioldlhc PFoplicUpbuhJthatsbe was Ms foscer-Rister. he asked 
her to prove Jicr cliuiii. Shi: iiid liiai he bii lier in ilic hack wTicn rJit was 
canning bm on h.?r hip. Thi; Pri^phei (pbuli) roTncmbpred ihai. so h^ 
fltreichc-4 t*ui his mantli; fi>r her lo <\i on. \\c made her tliuosc between 
living with him in cndLjamiciii and honor or Tetumine to her people with 
fWKnts. iind she prt^ferrcd (he lntWf. Bynu Sad vlaimod (hnl be iilso gave 
her ;i bondmiin of his called MakbfiL and a bondwoipan whom slw gave to 
iftiijfonnerin mamage and Ihcir progeny contioLied. 

IN Hi^ii^i sjidn "AliciJi revealed tonccmirjg the Day of Ei^nayn, 

iTruh Ailah tins S'^en yoii vicU/iy fai tmujy basfle fields. Uiut on rhe 
Day o/Hunavi (hmit} h/h;ji yii\i lepked al ycur gr^rar mmik'r tut it malii-d ytra 
nanght ami tht /•urih. vmimita. was siraittmed pr viu. then ytiu rvrned htictc in 
i^ijikt. Then AUah did Sffui dnwn Uis Sokinah tcaimneis. rmnquitiiiy ami n- 
[UJUnfflCft act on If^c Me.-i5eii}iei' iMiiliainnittiJ}. untl nn the beiicven. ttrut st^nr 
Jiinti fofCPif ittn^cli) tvMch writ mtv nut. and puni.Kh/^ti ihe disb^Utven: ^uchts ihf 

CMTawbnh: 35-561 

Ibn Isliaq saiJ. The Ci^livc.s jjid spoi^orHunaya were collected in ihi^ 
Piophti (pMi), Mb> (111 ibii 'Amt al Ghifiri was in charge of ihc '■pojK' 
affaiifl, Tlic Pruphei tpbiih} ordered ihitt alt Uu? L-ajriivos and spoils be kepi Jn 
Al'ii^^ranah/' 



The Invasion of Alia'If, B AH 

When the defeated .ubjecTs of Thaq?f arrived at M-jm they closed tfie 
gaies of (he city mid piuprcd ihcmsclvcs for war. ^Ur^ah ibn Mis GJ and 
Gayian ibn SaJaniah did n^>[ ^^'itncss ihe Bftlllc of Huniivn nor ihff siege of 
Al'iaif. for They were liainins in Juish on how ro use ihc leMjdo. ihc 
campuil. and oTbcr equipnicni. 

After Rnishine wiih Hunayn. the Prophet tphuh) ntafc for Ai-Ifllf. He 
marched and passed by Nakhkii ai-Yamaniyyali. Qarn. AJ-Mulayli, and by 
BiJhrJE ar-Kughd" of Liyyab. wl^clx^ ht^ buili ii lao^uc offered prayci ihcrem. 
Tln^o he piocecOed on ihc A^-Dayqah mad lo Nakiib uniil he i^iopp&J under 
a k>tc Uct ciUed Ag-SiJiraii cloNtf u> llw propcny of a mLUl of Tliaqll. The 
Prophpi <phuh> scni him a mcssagf! asking him whedier lo surrerdcr or he 
would destroy his gaidea. He rcfiised to suirendcr so the Prnplicl tpbab* 
gave ordera lo demolish it 

The ?rophei ipbuh) conlini»cd untJ hf sinppcd near Al-3^'if wheJC he 
encamped. Yer ihe MusJiiHs^ camps -were \oo close lo (he waD of AMi'iT so 
soine of Ihe Companions were killed by arrows wluch Ti'ichfd ihcm from 
the wall, and The Muslims tould not enUff ilK wall because ihc *;«my had 
fonified themselves betiind it \Mkii iho^ Muslims Jicd. ihe Prophet 
fpbuh! mOVL'ti Ihe camp lo «herc his Moi^ue at Ai-Ii'if xs U«by. He (phuh) 
besieged Ai-Ia'lf for moie than iweniy nights. 

1W of Ihe Prjphct'i wives occi>rapunied him, one of them was Umm 

Salamuh llic daushier of Abii Umayyah. He pitcKcd for ihcm lw<i Icnts 

bPLween ^^ll.ch He offcTetl prayers. Kc remained there until ThaqlF 

suirendcr^ri. so 'Amr ibn Uraayyah ibn Wahb consinicied a mosque over 

Ihe ;^ite where he (pbuh) used tw perform prayer, h was said thai there was 3 

pillar in ihe mosque thai made a -■iound every linie the sun row over n. 

During the MCgc. (ho HgM was butiir and ihc i*o panie-H cuclmn^cii arrows. 

uhli] Ak-Ialf Wall w"is attacked by a b^id of the Companions wh'> 

penetraicd under a lesludo encroaching t^ the wall ro hum it Thaqif threw 

on (hem molien hoi iTon «o ihey ^teptK^d oui from under il and wore shot hy 

:irrows which killed som^ uf them, The Propbji (pbuh) cojmmmded thai the 

vineyards of Thatt?f be tul down. 



[ wa'! lold ih'A !tio Prophi-i rpbuhj said lo AbD Bakr during ihc ^tcgt: af 
Ai-Tair, iliai he had seen \m a vi^iL>nl thai he was givca a bowl af buiter 
and a cock pecked ai ii and ^plil its contcnis, Abu Bjkr tonuncnicd thai he 
diii noi ihmk ihat ihL- Pniplici (phuhi wtmld mhicvc wlui lie dchired lr<Tm 
IheiTi Ihal day. He ipbuhl sdid iltii hi; ilid not chink thiii cidici. Then 
Khuwflvlcih tTit daughicr of Hat^iJri of Sulii>m and the wife of ^UlhmiUl ibn 
Mu/^un. wcni [o ihc PrypheJ {pbuh) and i^ked him lo give hor ihe jeweby 
ol' Badiynh tho dau^Hlcr *if Clhaylan. ch llul of Al-FSrrah Lbe tliiu^hier of 
'lituvl, in c;i?rf Allah gninlcd him victory t>vor As-Iaif. foT htJih were from 
Ihe must bcjcwclcd women af ThaLilf- Some ii.>ld me ihal Ihc Piophi^L's 
ansAici' was, 'W/wi if Thai/if is nt/r ftt-nmaat lo mc. O Khui^'a^iiah?' She \wcal ouv 
mdrqKiicdineftnphd'ss^onisto'Uniar, whowem toir>shDplH;upmi>i>io 
mnfcc sure ihai he had siid w. Kiwwinji ihai lie h^d, lie asked if liicy should 
depjn. The Prophel iphuh) ^liivc hmi pcfuiissicm to give nrders ro break 
camp, ind liL- did so. 

When [he iroop:^ moved ofiF Sa'id ibn ^llbuyd tried out, 'Tlie clan is 
siuyins'' ^Uyaynah \\>%\ Jiisn i^aid, "Ye*;, wiih glory and hora^r'" Onr of Ihi^ 
MiKlim*; ^iiid lo him, "May Allah's Cun^e bi^ upon you, O 'Uyaynah! Do 
yon glorify [he polylhcisrs foi liolding ouL agamM [he Messenger of AlUh 
aUhough you ha^c joined him to Ttghi wiih him?" "i did not come wiih you 
10 be against Thaqif." he un-^wered. "bur I w;imed Muhanimad to comrol 
Ai-ra'if so rbat \ mighi gel a I haqir girl who might gi^'e binh xo a son of 
mine, for ihe people of ThiiH?!' tuv iotcUigcni and tlcvtr," 

Durtnp fhe Prophet's !;lay. lome slaves who were under siege m At-Ifl'if 
VLTjni 10 him and embriH-wi IsLuii and he cmiiih;ip,Jlcd ihem. When Ihc 
people of At'lS'Jfatccpttdlilani. some of Lhcin like AJ-jl^rith ibn KaLadah 
a*iked for these slavtjs. bul the Propbel <pbuh) -iald that they were Allah's 
frcfi^i men. Twolve £*f ihe Prfiphti's Coinpiinions were killed as martyrs ai 
Alli'if: seven from llw Qur:iysh, fuur lioin ihe An^fir, -ind one from BiinD 
Lavth, 'Rtc Prophei fpbuhl depaited Ai-Ta'if after Ihe battle anJ dw: siege. 

The Properly and Captives of the [{aw^zin 
and the Division of the Spoils 

:|yfbving off from Al-I3'if. ilie T>mpher IphubV with his array went 
[faoi^ Dbna uuiil he hnli^d ;»! Al-Jf ranah, where a liirgc numbi:?r of the 



Iia\vii/ii» ciiplivc^ wcit- U'pi. One aV his Conif>anion>;. "H rhcir <tepar1tire 
frum Thuqif iLsked ilii; Pruphci (FbilhJ In supplied agamsl ttlCTn bur he suid, 
"a/K/ta/i.tf«''/r7Juifli^flrt/i^"j;?f'i'''"iio ifiUlamoriohira)," 

A dcputafjiw from tfc Hawiiin wcnl lo him ur Al-JKranali ftt*-n.' he 
itfained j;ix ihoiwand voman and chiltlrcn. and a counilcs:* number t)f <heep 
and ciimeU. Thoy *;iiid ihey were an esiabh^hcd dait bui afdscliun hud 
berjjllen rhem> as was well known, and implofod liim U^ pLiy tbcni for 
A)l3hs sak£. One of Lhc Huwjzm from the dan ur BiUiJ Sa d (hn flakr 
named ;iiiEia_vr und ditbbtd Aba suriid sjiid, "O Mosscjigci uf Allah, in ihc 
iicas iiEt your paternal and tnaicmal autiL-P iind ycur Tnsier moihen.'i' i^ad ii 

b«n ihaT wc suc^-kd Al-HHriih ihn Abi STiamir or An-Nu'miin 
ibim]Mundfiir(mi>hiehperiOjiaiuies}andlbcy wctc in ynurpo^i^icln now, 
wc would hope for llicir pity aiid ficoerpsii>. bui siill yon aic ihc bcsl of 
einnitii^d min." 

The Prophci (pbiiti) gave Ihcm ihc choice l>ctw«n ihdr fumihcs iuid 
piopcny. When thL-y thusi: ilwir raniihi.-,'!. Hit PvopUci ipbnhi said, "W/j.^/ 1\: 

fifT IM tuid ftir liw/t -A\?*it>i M{iii.i!ih \a yi»ir.\. Whcrr / finiii' tlir Z'-^ir prayr-r mth 
itie p^ipt^. fj'^i 'V '"•'' ™y '*V/- "U :Af iltirrrfi'SHH) /if fhc Mt^sfi'^icr afAllolt ^ ith 
rh-^iiaUms.tiniIihtit of Ih Muslim w,lli the Mt,r.wngt'riifAi/^^^ 
and H/Wi '. t v'ill ihrii jhr ynw ' vK'hnt irtu jivfr fifrtami tjppfui on ynar behalf. " 

The PmpbcL ipbuh) bnving finislicd rlH: %\^\ prayer, ihcy did as he 
insirUkTlcLl thcni and hi: uiid, 'tt'frj: iifonia' ttrni for Banii Ahilnl-MnUatih ti 
votin." The Miihajiriiii Niiid And whai b uufs is foj Iho Proplici": jnd ihc 
AnsJit T^iiid ihc^itmc. However. Al-Aqra ibn Hat>is caid- "Whaiis mine and 
l.hiif of Bami TamTru are nol ttc. are ouri nul fi^r Ihc Pn>phcE>.' "Uy;»ynah 

jbn Kisn ^lid Iht* ^me aboiii v.hai vfia his and ihai of BnnCi ¥\ii^rii\i. Whun 
'Ahhas jbn Mirdis said Ihc wime ahoui wJiai wa,^ his and rlui of Kami 
Sulayin, Ihc Uiier said. "Whal i^ our^ is for the Praphef Thereupon. 
-Abba,s said lo Banfl Siili*yiii "You haw btlinlcd m<" Then ihc Prophci 
tpbuhl said, "^*.'"^t>iji.,tv /fl ki^ nghnti ibe^ff priiimerx wiUhave shaunetifor 
rvi-n person Jmm Ihf first booty i ^fl- Then let tin- ftrti huy-e sheir ui\^ mid ihii- 
ilren hack." 

TliL-ProphtM (phuh) inquired olU« HawOzmdcpuLaiion iibour Mniik ibri 
'Awf. When ihey (old him ihar he was iti Ai-IS'if with Tliaqir. ihe Prnphei 



<i. l7tenu™c[tf ttMcinaohi^r oriMiMi[*wUr^hl WM^minBiiimSfl^rfAinEalu-riomlhcH 



— Ci> 



{pbuhl mid them To inform MaJik ihal in case he came to him us a Muslim, 
he wouTd grvL- him buxk hi^ family and propen> p3us a hunilrtd tamelft, 
MAUk ai^ccpEed the proposal and left Ai-l^'if. Yei he was apprehensive ihnl 
Thaqir would deiJim hiiri on knowing; whal ihe Prophet ^pbuh) hiid SBid. so 
he ordered thut Jus c!imi;l .''hi>iild N; prepared lor lum as v-cU ni. his liofsc he 
OroiifilH [o him m Ai-Ii'if. At nij^liT he d^pyricd on his borsc, iwd galloped 
Undl he fcaclied ibe lijtiiiitin where his tairiL-l wiis licd, and then he lodc off 
Lind joined ihe Prophel (pbuh* in Al-Ji"rjnah or Makkah. The Prophet 
(pbiih) FL-Liimed h^-i ramil> and properly to him ind pfovidcd him wilh a 
hundred camels. He embraced Islam and became a &ood Mu,ilim. 

Thi.' Prophel ipbuhl appointed hini n^ u commandL-r over lho\c whu hjd 
embraced [slam from his people, namely, the rribes of ThumaJiih, Sybmdh, 
and Faliia He kepi on fighling and laiJing Thai^^ with Uiem imtiJ ihey Ihxiunc 
in soic circum?diince. Abd VUhjanailL-ThaqiQ qondemiied MaliJ; for ihts. 

The people Followed the Proptitt (pbuhl saying. "0 Mes^n^er of AlJah. 
dEstribmc oni booiy of cnmeU und iiefds among \Mi". imiil Ihey drove him 
baek against a tree. His msnile was snalehcd from him. so he sa*d. "O pea- 
pk: Rfium to mc }ny mansk. In Altah if yvur. sheep nertasmtmy iV rfir treei' frf 
Tihdmuh i minttl JiviJr ihfm <j/wr>n^ w"u, Ynu hiive ittvt-r fomut me u mtier. cow- 
oTfll vr o tiiir-. He picked u hair from bis camels hirnip anJ herd l\ high 
between hii rwo ringcri, !^ying. "O people. I knvr iwthius but a pfih of yriur 
jg^U f\-ei\ uiihhhmi. umiihf fifth wilt ge back to yau. Sn return tfr\-eni Thr'^tsifx 
aful nrfdlc^for berrnyai twi'h regard ta spoils! ^vift be a nhaiw tnxdafire and uh 
tfr tJisgrace ttt those h-Aa ptiulkif it im ihr Day *>/ Rewrmtiim.'^ One of the 
Ansfir appeaKd *llh a ball of camel h^ur, sayjn^. "O Messenger of Allah, I 
have taken t&is ball lo make a cushion for an injured camel of mine." He 
replied. "At far my i'mre from tr. *} is yuan.""'ll il haJ etjmc (o ^hai. 1 do noi 
nc«d iU' he said and ilin?* ii nway. 

The IVophei (phuhf piovjdcd booty to Ihc new converts to Islam, wht* 
were celebrities und ehiefn. to win ilicir hciins Jmd win ihciT pjople through 
tbcm. The following go[ one hundred camel?; each: Ablj Sufyan ihn il-irb; 
his ion Mu'Swiyah; Hiikim ibn liizam; AJ-HSriih ibnul-tianm ibn lOdadah: 
Suhayl ibn 'Amr; Muwaytib [bn AbdehUzza; Al'Alfl' ibr Jarryah 
ath-ThaqaJT; l!yityiiah ihn iiisn: Al-Ai^ra" ibhiiabis aiTainimi^ Malik ihn 
* Awf an-NHtfi; andSafw^i: ibn Umuyyah. 



Eath or fnllowing men of ihc Quraysh v^cre given kss th:in L^n< hundred 
camels- Makhfama^ ibfl Nawfd ^^Zuhrf; 'Um-iyr ihn \^ahb ulJumal]'^: and 
Hi^hSin ibn Amr the br-ilherol BiinO 'AniiT ibn l.u ayy. I da .k>i memorize 
what he ipbuhl B^ivc them c%M:\ly bui 1 kjie»; ili4i he gnvc thi-m kv- ih^ 
one mmtlrcJ cumeb, Th. P«.phi:i (pbuh) g^v^ fifty camels to S^id .bn 
Yiubu ihn Ankathiih :ind 10 A^-S^inil. He gavf: Abbis .bn Mirdi:. few 
canttfla, so ht beciinie di^appoinl^d and blamed iho Propbcl (phuh), 

4 

The ?vop\K{ (phuhf said. 'T^Af him t^yvay fn,m m^ and «h ^yT/m *tf«?»r," 
Si. he wfl-s given rcamcU^ iin(tl he *:« pkasi!(I: ihai was what ihs Prophet 
(pbuhJ mearti b> suiting his longiic <>ft'** 

Abfi So"id iil-Khudri 5uid, "A?- die Pmphci ipbuhl dividi^d ihi\ booty 
among the Quni^^ih ^d ihc Arab irihci, and nndling w^;al lo [he Ansir, so 
ihey toot ihc mi.iii^r el* heari and talked budW iiboul iL unUl otic of Them 
!»td. By All^h. Uw Prophet ipbjhl has saiisfted his own pcopJc". Sa'd ibn 
-^ JhSdah went to tli<^ Prtjphci Lpkihi jnd i^rtd him about itk' feebags of dw 
AnSit- Ite ^^^Cil bun. 'H'A*il rj yoMi-.^ftinrf in rlih tiufitr. O S^i^?' He said, l. 
am one of them'. T/*en DJ.vripJi/^ w^Hr ;«.-o/^/«- i" //rr*' '"i^''-' be Ipbuhl sail 
When Su'd did fio. he pcrmiaed ^me of iIk MubajinJn to attend, and 
picvoiied iithcis, On Uieir gaUwring. lit wenl md inM the Pmf^ei (phuh>, 

the Pr^phei ipbuh) wcnl lo ibem. praised and thanked AUali. and Elien 
he faced Ihem spying. 'O ptopte qf the .Anah. t havt bi-^n 'old bu^ svonU aboul 
>cx/ wul iluu ymi ar^ imgry ^^■irh mt! Did nt^t ictmtw ym y^hvn yon Wf « ^rrayi^i^ 
ami AHuh ^ludrd \ou: in ^ani Gud Allah rurichftf vurj; ef<emi^f arui Allah irroaght 
your A^.jr;j u^f^^il^^r?' Thcv anNWCied. 'Yes. Lnde^^^, Allah a^d lils Mcs^ngci 
ius mosl gnicious and bcnevolcnl/ '^Vftv do yon nfjf iben ans^vtr hk, O fWi^pU 
o/thcAn£arr bc conlintitd. 1 he> Aflid, Whai iln^wcr do yow wani from us, O 
Messenger of Allah? To Allali iind His Messenger bciong grace nnd 
bcncvokin-'^T I'hcii lie said, '^' ^//rf^i. i/y^fi w^hcJ \v,« f™U Jwi'^ .^77^*^" 



Ibn Hwliin. «uil, ■Some wJijIj"* lo^a nic ihal the PinpM < r*«ti) w-ld "" " AMi'' i"" M'ftMv Arc 
rwi;i**-id «■*" .^u/. Mv sru>il ^d ihni iff Vb.nd or, shttrd hj At-A^m' ar^d fjajrtaft'. 
Ahfl RaVi nuii BylTja^nahiuidAI-Aqra" The Prcfhn IptHiJit letHld, TVy Uw rfic ^m.-. 
Aha HalLt Mul. 1 iCMify ihm y"" ^'"^ " ft"'"' ^^y*' t 'I'*' ^-^ '^^ ""* '^s'" *""■ ' Wi-^^^"*i> 



<s> 



abondtined aijiJ we fiflpcJ y^ii- d faffim-e /iiril ur lf)ok you in; in ho/ii tuiJ nr ftun- 
fonetf you ia^ ime t\j ii-;}. ' Are )v?ii iip^tr. O pecpk ttf the Arf^r. for f^nme linlc 
good of this innid t'\ lifui h l fimntted ibf /v/i;j/f '.* hfuns in thtxt thj-y mflv becu/nr 
A4i4>liin£ «ftj7r / tmru^inl \du lo \riur h(am' A'e \oii ntfj ain\J}eJ that prflpir 
Mhonift g" Pitiviy hT/^j t\*vs tinJ catiscfs nhcti vr^n take fmvk mih >tu \he Messeneer 
v/MiijJi ii>\vui' t^mtfi? Sy fiirr m ^^■fn>nlt ttu/iJ w Siukttmniail'j .inuK had it nut 
Jreeii/orihr: Emi}trtiUtni I -Aouid have bei'it one ofrh^Ansftr. IJprcpUgnm trnt ,ii- 
reriiiin iind !he Ai'iiJf j^Pin anoiiiet, I niliMintv sake tht way of ikf Atimr May 
/Midi /r«ve ifitrcx rfn ifte Artsfir. their thiliifrn. niai tlitir ^roaihhhlfrn:' The 
people wcpr uf>[il ilffiir leurs rolled doiAn their bciirtbi as ihey sajd. "Wc are 
syusricU \\\\h \\\c Mcssengti iif Alluh as our loi and share." Tlicrt ihe 
Prophet (phido \cl\ *ind Uicy di^pi^M^d. 

The Prophet (pbuh) Performs ^Umruh From 

Al-ji rilnah 

Th(? Prophri iphuli) Icti Al-Ji'rSniih to parfonn ^ Ummh. He oitfcred Lhiil 
ihc icjnaining booty bi^ kcp! in Maiannati ntur Mwrr az-Ziihr^n. Having 
finished rbc ^Umrak he went back ii> Madtnah, Mu iippointcd Aiiib ibn 
Asfd 10 be ID charge of Mjkkah. Along wiih ' Anib. lie a.viigncd Mu' jdh ibn 
JabaT to ii^h Ihe people iKeir religiun nntl lielp ilicm loym ihc Quran. TIk 
Piophei tpbuh) hirasclX *as folloHtd by iht; rcraaiEider of the booiy."* 

The Proptel's 'Vrnmh was in Dhul-Qa'dab as Kl* reiumcd lo Miidtnah 
toward iis end or in the beginning <ir Dhul-HJlJiih' Ibn h^^ said that thi: 
people performed \\k pi|^iniij|;e of ihui year as itie Arabs used Eo pcffotm 
it, 'Allah Ic<3 Ihc Muslims in Ihc pilgrimage of (hal year, 8 AH. Yci. ilic 
pcnple of Ai-X^'if remained m iheir pofyilieisint and suibboroncfis in iheii 
[own fiovn the lime the f^^^hci iphiih^ went off in Dhul-On'dah of ihe year 
%. unril Ram^iiiinof ihciolTowm[j year. 



;|, llm Hi^him utJ. "I u« tlJJ ihu Zji>kl ihn A-iljLm hU. ITic Prij|>lici ipfnjhi chorficii 'Arl^ ibn 
\t\tl n.jil> ilic>ilTbili> ur MiiUuli dnd ^^ Tkim d JirfuLii iLiily, ' AiUHi kjiJ^Tc:>)c[| ihc poific «liV' 
iiip. pasplc, ma) Alljih luJic huriio wliiw<*tfr k» roi uliipficd nllhutuhlic hit ■ duhjitn! The 
Mnwn^iif AlIabjiniviikdiiuxviitLatruhiimitlQy.a^Ehiknid'rEdEiH forme" 



— CH 



T&e Siory of Ka'ti ibn Zuhayr after the Departure 

from At-ra'tf 

The Prophei (ptiuhi wis iri Madlnah after fim^hing i^iih Al-Tfl"if, when 
Bujayi ibn Zuliuyr ihn Ah: Sulmfl .wni j JciECf lo his hroiher Ka h Wjtrning 
hitn ihal »hc Pinplwi iphuhj had killca ^omc men in MakKJli wh(> h;ul 
suiiri?jil 4iid insiiUcd luui, while [hi: Qiiiayshi pueis who were siJU alive like 
Ibfiu/,- ZiWarH anJ H"l»Aiy'ah ibn AM Wahb hud escaped in all diieclioni^. 
"IfjJiiUiirL' -ill]! Iiccn .ibciui your lift. lhcnhurr\ loThc Prophei (pbuhK for he 
does not kill (hose who £0 lif hiin repcnlani, [f you ^\\\ nni dti ihat. rescue 
yourself 10 any plui;:^' on eitnh m which jt>u fee! safe/' Kii' b tiad said* 

Give Buj^yr a lucssae^ fr»in me: 

Do you :ii:ccpr ahnt L saiJ? Conround you! 

Ttii ua plainly iiyoit do not accept whav 1 say 

k^r wh:n rea.von o[h=r Efian ihsi has led yoa 

Toarcligionf caraiOT fmd hi^fatliers ever held 

A(Ki you *;ynn*jl firnl [h4i join brinhtr lVilh>wed? 

Ifyoudonoracccpiwtiai lyay, Ishall ooi grieve 

Nor Kay \(y*Mi slumhle: Allah help yaui 

Al'Mii'mCm tihc^mfc) hiu^givenyuu TuiUup lodrmt 

And adited a ^cond dmughi oflhc KariiCv 

He wnl ihese poeUt verses lo Bujayr who Teltlhai he !ihould recite ihem 
W ihe Prophet jpbuhl. On hearing the wi^rds "Al^Mu'nifii tihe safe) has 
gl've^ yuu ti full cup" he i^aid, "Vi/^^i/ m "nhs. uUUo-.'nh he in suftiiy o li,ir. 1 iim 
Al-Ma'tniin." ComniL-niuig on the word*; "lo n religion [ CnMinot fmd his 
falllEFs ever held," Ihe Prophci ipbab) ^aid. "Sure, nriihfr hU fiiihfr t\or inatUer 
hchlil" 

Ibn IsJiaq siiid thiii when Kii'h p:ceived ihe mi^ssage he wis deeply 
rrii;hKni:J iiiid worried ahoui his life. His foes arovmcl him spn^iui rumors 
\\\i\\ he woutd cieftniiciy Ix: slain. Being in ui* incseaphic situation, Ka'b 
wroica pucni praising ihe Pni^ltct \pbuh)und referring lotui* tcur and l^ie 



disfiirbing rtitnurr: of his cnemic?. Afterttards. he hc^idcd for M^dTnah nnd 
^ycd wiih u man of Juliuynali ^hom ht knew, as it Was mcmionird lo rnc. 

In rhc morning, he look him w the Piopheupbuhiaithe lime ufihc morning 
prayer and offered pr;i\tT wilh him. TEil' m^n pomlt^doul lilt Pmphei ipliuh} 
iQ him aad lold him u> ^o iniii iisk for safely. He got up* v-jlki^d To tlic 
Fropln^i ^pUuh), sal bcfcjrc him. ninJ pu[ hi^ hiind in lus, wtiils ihe Prnplici 
(pbuhf Uid nut kjio* liiin. Ka~b snid, "O Messenger of AWah. if K^i'h ibn 
Zuhayr cumes to ask y^m for ^ufeiy as u repenting Muslim, will you uccepi 
him?" Thi* Ptophirl (pbuh) said yc^ isO he duL-lured th:ji he ua»; K:i'b ihn 
Ziihiiyj, 

IhiL lsbLi<| sciiJ Ihur A^iiii ihn UmGribn Q^iradnh told him rhnl one of ihc 
ADjaflrjump<^d on him asbiriE ihc Prtq>h«:i ipbuM (O permit liim locui olf his 
head culUng him ihtr enemy of Allah. Tlic Piophet ipbuh) drew him away 
su>ing ihui Kj'b hail cnmc rcpcmam. and dciachod fnim his pasi. Ka'b wil^ 
nnnoycd ai Ihc clan of Ihi^ Anhari f»r whui liie laiier baJ done. As for tlie 
MuhfljirQn, ihcy only tpokc wdl of him. He iccittid ii poem of his Maning 
with "Su'iid jv gnnc, and iixlay my bean i^ tyvc-sick'n \vln:n he came lo ihc 
prophet [pbuh^H Jn ^hich bs p^u>^ed himi^buhl Aswdl m the Muh^irtm. 

'Aaim ibn *Umpr ibn QjiJiLih siiiil, "Whi:n Kii*b .said lin a pun of ihiis 
poemj, "When ihc ^hort black men take to flight.' ha vjas Jenoling ls, we ihe 
AngJ^T, bcciiu^ of the ivay thiji man of u>< had lienkri bini H<' praised ihi; 
Muhijiriin only among Ihe Pmphci's Companion?!. Tlii.s mfurialud fhi: Ansflf 
aEainsI han. Laicf when he had enibr^iccd Islam, he praised [he Ansar. 
nw;nijonin& iheii imK wiih llii.' Messenger of Allah ipbuh) unil (Jwir siaius 
ainon° [he Yemeni lribL-S-1' 

Acconling lo Ihn Hisham. it i^ sm\ rhai after Ka'b had recited In him the 
poem .<tanjnc wiih "Sj'fld U gont. and loduy my hcail is lovc-siL^k", Ihe 
Pruphcl {phiilil *iau1 lo hiiii. " I wi^ yoit xpokr well vf tfif Aniar. for Hity ikxen-f 
itrJhw^ K^"h sdidlhcsc vci>es Cofllic second poem). Ibn Hicham abti said 
Ihui 'MT ibn Zayd ibn JocTun *;flid lha( Kab recited ibc poem ^sianing with 
"S\xM isgoiie'JWihcPfflplw* (phah) in ihc Mojiqiie. 



@)' 



The Tnvaslon of Tabfik, 9 AH 

Tlw Prophci (pbuh) spi*!" liic monihi from Dliiil-Uijijh to Rajab in 
Madinah, and ihcn orJcred Ihe vtopk \o prepare to invade Oic Byiuntines. 
The cvcniK of Tiihflk are h:^ed on nnrradons fmm Az-Zuhrl, Ya/^d ibn 
RQman, 'Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr. "Asitn ibn Lfmar ibn Qaiadjb, and other 
whoUir^. Each narraicd wtim he was inftwrncd ah^ut [hi^ mvasionn and ihe 
niiTratmn^ i>t some oi Ul?m cunuiuicd mfonnuliotJ Uwi ^.a^ nui t-iniiaincd by 
Itwsc of Lhc nihcra- 

The Piophei (plnihl ordered his Companions to prepare lo fighi [Itc 
BjTanlinef; m a mne of hiirdslup. The weaihtr wis exlremdy hof and there 
was a drought. Fruit hsd ri|xned and Ihc men s^iihed to sit under Ihe -ihade 
of their fruir and haisd Ihe [hrtLUjht of Iravding al IhaT \\\nc. AlmilSt Ihc 
Prophet (phuhl referred iTidifecIly lu the place of any invasiun and declared 
ihat hL- vvoLild head for a phce, wliith was other iJian thai which he had 
itciually intended- Tabifc *as an e^ci:piion. a.i he satd clearly ihai he would 
go to Ihii Byianline^. That was becuusc of ihc long distance, Itie hoi season, 
and the poit'ncy of ihe ctvcmy, and so ihai ilie men courd picpan.- ll^em^e^c^ 
vfclV. ihus ht gave orders fii J prcpatiiuons. 

One day whdc making his urrangemcnis. The Pioph^ (pbuli) suid lu 
Al-Jadd ibn Qaviof BanO Saiamiih."OJiiM dowitlikriofiKiiiHiiiniM'Aifar 
iB\'rittisijiri rh'^ yrar'" He iiaswcrcd, "O Mes^cnecr of AHah. exempt me 
from fighting und do not put me into rrinl, ft.ir cveiymc knnw>^ Ih^l I am 
simngly addicted n* uonn^n jnd J tear thai I tan no[ coniml my^ii if I see 
Ihc women of BanQ Al-A^for.' The PriipEiet (pbahl uimed away ffom him 
and gave bim pcfmis^loii to May bchmd, Regartling Al-Jjdd ibn Qay\ lhc= 
following vctitf V'Ji'* rcvcaltd. 

4Atul tittHMig Aem is he who wry- "C/nm me It'^vf U** ^ e^fmpird 
frmn Jihdtf} nfJii I'tit me mil info irial" Surrh\ itiey ttavefailat into mat. 
Aiul verily. Jii-Sl is surntuiiduxK Ihe Ji^bttiewr^ ^ 

(At'Tawbah: -59] 

Tlio meaning of ihi^; was not \1\^\ h^ \'^^u^i\ the icmpiaiion of Ihe women 
of Banj Ai-Asfar, for he hiid falleniiitrt a grcjiiei inal by jagging bomnU the 



Prophet iphuhj and choo&ing to satisfy him^lf rather than [he Pri^phci 
[pbuiU. Vi^nly. belt is behind liita. 

Some of ifio hypociitc-s said lo one flnr)[hcr. "Do noi mardi rnnli in llic 
heal," deiesiing war. Ji>ii^iin^ i!k iniih. and spreuding nimi^is yhoui The 
Ptq>ht;iipbijhJ. Allnli .^t^mdown tfinccmrnE ihem. 

J...ijni/ fAi'v Miiil. 'frUttih iittfi'rfh in liu'him'. Sa^: I'ht fi'c of iUtt Is 
mare iniensc in hca\\ if nniy lUcy eoiiU iiii^i^r.\raini'Sn Itt shcut tnuf-Ji a 
ItfUe imd lltjrv wi^H'ry FHUth ui a rCL'vHiptiisf u/ivfuil ihty laeil lu earii 

fby <-nmmiuinft sin^). V 

Ibrl isiifiq snid thai llic Prophti fpbuhl proceeded aciivcly with hts 
prepflffliicins and commujided Iht men in hikvfen wtiik urjjini* the ndi lo htdp 
in providing expenses aiid muuuis in ihc way of AILah The \i'cal[hy men 
provided mounb iind so M<Jr^ d reward i;viLli AIM, (JchmiirL ihn ^ACHUi 
spcm iho Ta/gi^st sum.' " 

Seven Muslims from Uie Ao^ar and Banfl *Amr ihii *Awf. who wa* 
refcired 10 u.s the Weepers, wen[ lo ihc I'mphel (phuh) :uid jikcJ Jiini lo 
supply itiL'm wUh inounis for Ihcy were iinpi'vcriahtJ. Tl^u Witpers were: 
Saiim ihn L'mayr: IHhah ibi Zjyd, rhe bcother of BjiilI H^riduih; AbQ 
LayTo Abdut-Rainniin ibn Ka'^b. tlic broUier uf BaijG Mikin ibn An-Nayar; 
*AmT ihn Hamiirii ibiiul-Jamuli, ihc bmik'r of Banu Saliina; 'Ahdullih 
ibnui-Mughuffalal-Muianr, and some said he w-ai 'Abdullah ibn ibn Amr 
aMVliuani; Harami ibn 'AhtUllShH Iht br*>[her irf BanO waipt: and 'Irbaii ibn 
Sllnvah a[-FitfuiI, The Piophei (pbuh) 'yiid, "1 do nd find ■^hereon to 
Truti^ptirr you." They "imed away, lhi:ir cyca ovcrHmvinB wilh leJifS. g(ievi;d 
thai diey did noi rind anyihmjj lo i^xpenJ for Ihc c?ipefii[Lijnj 

Someone lold mc (the aulhor) Ihai Ibn yainin ibn ^Umayr ibn Ka'b 
nn-NadrT '»aw AbG Layla and Abdullilh ihnul-MLi|;liuffiil while Ihcy weic 
weeping. When he asked ibem far [fic reason, dicy lold hiin thai ihcy had 
goiie [0 the Proplwi (plnjh) to obi Jin a lide, hul Ik hud none lo pmvidc Ihcm 
wilh and [hey tould iiftord n^Jthing Ai once he pi'ovided Lhcm u^iiJi ^a 
wall-ring camel win^h ihey smidkd i<nd he funher supplied lhcm wilh some 
durcs M> th?y w^te able iu leave wjllilhePHiiik-ur^^)' 






<m> 



Some l^ctouinK'cEimc tt-ilti ready excuses ibm ihcy mitjtn be pcmiiUcd to 
^ruy di home, b*i[ Al!iili did not accqit ihcir e?icu«s- 1 ln^iirJ thiH Ihey were 
fnim Biinij tJhifir- ihco tiic Propnci iptiuhj became re^y ic uavcl. so he 
dcdfli/d 10 march QUI- 

A band of Muslims. inclDding Ka"b Ibn Mfllik itin ^y^l Ka'b: Manirah 
ibn Riibi\ llilal ihn Uirimyuhi and Abu Khavihaniafi. hesiiuicd m making 
up dioir minds unliJ they b^^ud heliind. Ncverthelev., Tbi^>' dirl ^o wilboul 
any dotibl or misgivings, and [he>' were tmhiul and no cne Jicctisod ihi^ni of 
jinilhir^j- Ltmccrning ihcir hcing Mu^Iiuk, 

TJic Pr<>i»ht'l ipbuh} enc;imp(;d by TbuniyyaiuI-WadaV'^l ^Abdullah ibn 
Uteiyj' c;imped oui separately below ihe Prophet's encampnjent towii/d 
Dhubilb,'^' Uwas said (ha: ii was rwi dio smaller of ihe iwo eJnips. While 
ihcPiophci (phuli) procecled 'Abdullah ibn Lbayy withrircw- and tEm-nnad 
hohimi wiih the hypncntc^ arn\ those who dtiuhicd. 

The Prnphct iphiihi ordered 'All ibn Abi I§iib to sTay behind with his 
(feni^y 'o ItHjk uftcrlhem. The hypocriics sprciid oui ^uFn^>rs ihai ihi:: Ptophc* 
Ipbuh) bjd kft liimbciiintl beeausc of being ii burji--n i>n (he ProphcJ (pbuhj 
who waniL^d eo be lid <t( liim. When he heard Ihcse wfiiih ~A1J sciyed his 
weapons and overrtH^l ihc Prophi;^ (.phvih> while sn)ppiiiy jl AA-Juif.''^ 
When lie repeated lo him die hypitnte.*;' sayingi, ihe Pmphei fpbtih) 
answered, "Tlify lie. Itet y/tu tiay Jnr ^htit I htttiidi behind, xo return diul rfure- 
ntnt mt in my faash- tiiiiS ximry. Wuufd \Vfii noi hi'pU'n^fii Alt svhttkl mth mi* 
thfposiiion rlKH Hanin helj )i'ilh \Jthil tx/ri'tuhal rftfre is nn PmpHfl iifltfr me'/" 
Thtis. 'All relumed lo Mudinah and Ihe Prophci ipbuhl conumieU in his 
IraveL 

On a hot dav, Abfl KhayiKamah teiumcd lo his family, dayii after the 
Prnphci (phuhj hadticpjirtcd. His iwo wives wck in ilicij liu(> ut hisgjinlcn. 
P.ach Knd made herhui cool by spi inkling w:nerand rhcy hiid pn^pareij food 
foi him. S[Jindin& ^t the iloor of iht hui. he ii«>kjJ ai his wives and wlm 
U>ey liad prepsired for tiim, and said. "The Prqjhci (pbiili) ls out in ihc sun. 
wind, itad heal, while AbO Khuvibamah is in a cool shiide. food hud been 



T. A Kite in tiu«irfMjj]injili, uitnirj|M^sjdilTiimBKhyih™;*'Kiiii*^WuiMiliiJi. 

3^ A tiBKt'lUiin irk Mt^naJt 

X. A ^\c ihrui^ iiiilcb IromMuIiiiJb id Hw •l\rci\ipn nr^ynn. 



prepared for him. resting in his properry with a beauriful woman. TTiw Es not 
fair. By AlJiih. 1 will not cntcrcilhtrof your huis, bull wiMjoin Ehi? Pri>pliei 
fptmhl. so piepare some provisioti for mc." They did so. He wcn[ lo his 
watering camel, saddted il, and directed to the dircccion of iho Prophet 
(pbu!i| uniiJ he ^augM up with hun and ibc army in T^bdk- Earlier on lii^i 
way. AbO Khuvih;imiift u^i ^Limuyr ihn Wahb al-Jumabi who was also 

searching for ibc Pruphci ipbuhl. so ihi;y <*i;coriij5dnitd ciu:l] oiicf uniil ihcy 
joined thf Ifoopi, Approaching Tabufc. AbO KhayiliamaK s.ad lo ^Umayr. "I 
have dont* a sin. i^ it is benrr l\\ai ynu \Uy tvhiiul me imid I mcel ihe 
Prophei ipbiihl," and he did >o, When he wtrni closer to ihc Prophet [pbuh> 
as be alighted m T^ihOkn (tie army observed lj rider coming lowanl^ them. 
The Pn>plM(pbuhi>;afd, 'BeAhii Khuytiummb'. and the Muslims *Kiid thai it 
was he. He dismounted ant] greeled ihe Prophet (pbu]i)H who said. "Ytiu were. 
ciiise t" di^fnuwm. AhU Kfiayjhanutfi'" Afier leJin^ him what had hiippencd. 
Ihe Prnphei (pbuh> said good void*; lo hm.i Jirid invoked Allah on tiis tichalf. 

Tin; fYophct (phiihi hiit^ed at AI-IiijT"^ where his men drew waier she 
well diereia. Tlit Prupbti (pbulii Siud li> llicm. "Do rvii i!fmi uny <tfiiii v^m^r 
nor u-K it Jar abtniions: fpriigt^ to rfijT iiaii^s tyiuiii^friJaiigfi yauhavt^ usetl its vra- 
l^r fnr Phikiiig tt. uniitlittifHetitunyoftJ- iiml tp\ no orir ttfy/t\i gi' niif ronighf n't/h- 
nut a cim^ymvon'' The nien obeyed him^ but two of Banu SS'idah wenL out 
alone. One Hcni out to fclicvc himself and cdlap^cd m liis pla^^e, while Ihe 
other wus searching for his camel and a wind carried him uw^y and ea^t him 
on the two mountains of Jayyi'. When the Prophi^t ipbuhi w;ii lofd of this, 
he said, Didlr\viprbi'iymiiQU&RfioMalmcr'Xi)jsi\)\c^Ttyiti\ tor the man 
wLh) coCdpbed aiid he recovered. \:> foi ilie other who Tel I bciween ihc lwo 
mounTain:; of Tay^r. be wa.s later hiuughL buck In Ihu PinpbcL ^'pbuh^ in 
Madinah by the pc<3pk of Xayyi', 

In the morning wtien the men compbmed to ihe Prophet iphuhi of 
having no water, h^ .supplicated Allah fiir belp> aniL He um a doud that 
poured :4 much niin that [licy wcic ^ufisficd and carni;d Ihc water Ihcy 
needed. While traveling nn (heir way, ihc uuinel of the Prophet (phuh) wu-i 
lo*i and his Companions wcni OJI lo search tor ii. The Prirohei Ipbuh) had 



f AiDWTiinihrdiiKHfunrMjidhbdivi^bi^imniTicd^nriuwcirthrlnn^nf rnRvni^^filf^^ 



with Wm f»rif oThis Comp;^ni<m*^, 'Umarah (bn Harm who was prescnr 
(lining ihc Pledge of Al- Aqabuh and and BaiEle of Bmlr. antl Jh' Wiis ul^io 
the paiemjil uncle of Banil ".Vmr ibn Itom. Ik was ^Hnring hi^ riilc with 
Zuyd jbnul-Lusayl OJ BiinCl Q:iynuqil'. wtiu wub a hypoeriic, Ocmg m 
^Uin^uh'i tymp. Z^yd said. whcD ^UmiiMi was wiih tbe Prophci (pbuhK 
'■Di)cs MuliamniHd diiim thai he is a PmphtH nod receives news from 
heaven, vhcn he d^s not know whi?rtf bis cainef i!i''" At Ihat Oiomcnl iht; 
Pri>phel fphuh^ ^aid when ^Umarah was ^silh hJlti, "A mun .i<tyx MuJammul 
i^lis \'<u ihm he t'i H f'rttphet aii't iliiim.'; ihtit hr itlU you n/ri^-s fwm Heaven. »Jfn 
he liovs fiol hiOH- v,hcrr liii tivKei u '. Sy Altah. f kinM' a^iiy whnf Altiih Im.i 'nude 
me kiwn- and Mlnh hn-, i<ufili'd "Je if iti fdace. It is in this vuUey i/\ jurh-iind-iudi 
/I ntfuinnm pa.'i.'i. A ti^tr htij. hold it bmii nirh ih hritite: sa gu and )trm^ inif mr.~ 
They wcri and bjoug^ii ii. 

When he renimcd u> his camp. Umarah said. "By Allnli. the Pri>pEici 
(phuh) has jusi lold us ii wundcrful Ihmg about what was eiikI by M>n\eone 
wiiich AJIoh hud mRirmcd him/' TTien he TCpejicU tht' ^\l^Ty Oiie of (hose 
who was in "Umarah's cnmp ami nol wijh Ihc Pfophci (phuhj erKciaiiiietJ. 
"By Allah, it is Zayd who had said ihi^ bcfiirc you came in." X'lmlrah 
rushed lo Zjyd pricking him in llic nt'L'k and raying. "Coitic on. ^crvanis of 
Allah' \ \tdd m my camp 4 dcc-civci whom I knew noihing of. Gci oui, ycu 
enemy of Allah, and do iioi accompany me. " Srmc people said Ihiit Z;iyd 
later rcpcnitfj, whiie Pibcx^ >;laiiiictl ^hai he w;ts accuicd of evil uniil he 

iUen Ehc PTOphei (pbuhl commucil on his tfavcL whereas oUicr men 
began to Imaer behiinl. Whejj ihe Pruphti fpbuh> was Lold That so-und-ao 

hud lingered he said, "i^ui-c him ulifit.-: if there is g/i'iil in him. Alhh the Ai'- 
riiii!tir\- Vi 1^/ nurkf hiiti jtit ynu. anifij nai, Atliih has relifi^dy/iu iifliiia." 

Abu DhiiTf had dropped behind >t:i:;ivjst of liii camel so he lodc the load 
on Im back and wilkcd to c-jich up with The Pfiip^Ki [phuhj. The Prt»phel 
(pbuh) alifihied ai one of (fic Mnpping-phiei's when a Muslim drew his 
ailcnuon lo a man wiilking on the road alone. The Prophet (pbuh) said, "He 
Afiii nharr^" Uii>king carefully, ihc people vaid tliai i\ wa.s he. The Prophci 
(pbuh) said. "Moy AlhU hiiv mercy on Ahi Dharr. He \vaik> nhut. ^itt die 
tthnif. unit " ill bf raised uhm' 



®- 



According to ^AhduNiih ibn Mas^Od. M-hen lHhm§n enilct! Abfi Dharr 
(wliun Uic ftHTiier was a Qliph) lo Ar-Rabidhah where he dicdn no one was 
wiih nim Oi][ Ins wife and his ?itave. He bequcaihed rhcm lo wa.^h him (a^er 
death), ptii Kim in b* ihfyuJ. Lij hLn j: iIjc liuJdle of itic rviul. jind >;ay (o 
Ihi^ HrO twnu'iin. "Thk is Aba Dhatr. ihc Prophcl^ ^pbuh] tumpjnion, :>o 
htlp UN hui^ him". On Ms Jcafh, Ihcy did so. ' Abduliilh ihn Ma^'fid ,jj*nw up 
wjiEi \i huiitJ of lra[|( men i)n j ' (/^fjr^f/. u'hc'ii l.hey iuddeniy found iJfe bier in 
^hcii way. The tamcls were aboui lo sicp on ij, Tlic slavi: svcni [o Ihcui 
sujiDE. "This is AWi Dhair. ihe PEophd's Compamon, Help m bury him." 
*AhiJul[uh (bn Miis'fld wcpi iind iJiid. "The Pfiitpliti fpliuhl was fighl (us hr 
said Ihull you walk iloffc. dw aJonc, nnd wij] be raiwd .-done." Thtn ht and 
Iho^e who ^ve^e wiih him dismnuntcd and buried Abu Dharr. AftcjuarJs 
^Abdullah narran^d lo them his story and what me Prophet tpbuhj said about 
him dunn^ the march to Tabflfc. 

When Iht' Pnjphel (phiihj reached TahQk. Yuhanna ibn RuTiah Ihc hcml 
■trfAyJah L^ame lo him and 3 ru>:c»iici Nation wa^ nuidc and he paid him die 
Iribuid The people of Jadifi' and Adhnih also did ihc sanv. lire Prophcl 
lEJwhl wrotcaldterof^uur^r^ec He (phuh^ wroic lo Yuhann:i ibn Rut^ah, 

"In tlx itamt aj AfluK fhr Alt-h9en:ifut. ihc Evtr-IVrerc/ftiL ThiX is O 
gmirijitti'f /rnnt AUuh iiti/I Muliamnvi^i th^- Pt^phet. ihe Meis^nggr of Ai 
hh. 10 Yuliaimii rhii Hii'tHih tinit liif people of AykH. for sfwir .ihips und 
caravans itn {titui ami seii. Jhi'yandnH ihMe pe/ipU with iheni ofSvria. 
yVwrrn, rnuJ the '•enmcn all hnvr. r/r^ proTccrtoit of AHafi mtl she pfo- 
tetiiim rrf Muhiiiiiiiniit ihr. Pnrphri. Who^sievpt he^ik^ ihi\ plnlge. hij 
pFQjtr^-ty Khali itoi suy^ him. and ir Uht prL-prrr\i is gatij fr>r n-iwevift 
tiikei \t ftufrt p^upfc, It in npt aUmvid ihuf iiu-v Ut prev^iM^i fratn u wn- 
Jtritifi place ihey rie^'d r^orfram a road they natil itQ fm.ix s/irMtghi by 
t/uuiorsffa." 

Khaild ibnuKWalid is Dispatched 
lo Ukaydir at Dfimah 

TlK Prophci ipbiih) di^patcliod KhaJid ibnul-WiJId to Likaydir m Dumah. 
Ukaj'dir ibn 'AWekM^iNk of Kindah wj> t^e king of Diirnah and he nus a 
Oinslian. The Pn>p*ici (pbuh) loid Kh^lid Jhai he wojjd find him hunting 
eows. TTiui, Khatid sei our untiJ he was within *;igh[ of his fortress. It was a 
mooolil summer nighi when Ukaydir was with his wife on [he mof. The 



t«ws wi^rc rubbing il.cir homs ag^in^t Oie casUc garc His wife urgtd hitn ti) 
go afur Ihc c-jwi. lie :>tdeied ihal hk^ horse be saddled then he went off 
Willi ^hai^d ofhis familv, among ih.^m \^us hisbrmhcf HassJn, During Uicir 
ride, ihe cavaTrv of ihe Prophei (pbuh) ^siiicked (hem, capiurt-d die tmg. und 
kHlcd his brother. Ufcaydir was dressed in a brocage gown covered with 
gohl. KhalKi IlKik \WC gown away from h'mt and >^m ii to itie ProplKi CpbuhJ 
befojT bnnging LLii in person- 
Arm ibn Midik ^aid. "I saw ihc gown of Ukajdir when It was doliveied 
to me Prophet ipbuhf. The Muslim* fecpi on touching ir wilh ihinr hiind^ and 
wtHidcring, bul ihc Ptophei <pbiihj ^aid, "Do iv>ii wtitutrr ai rJtis? tfv i/ini in 
Wiu!S4^ Hwui i% mv ytml ihf mpi^i'i-^ of Sad ihn Muaftli in PmadKf ore t'Cir^r thiin 

t/fh' Ibn Isbiq said Ihyl Khalid hroughT Dka^dir ;o itw Pruphei ipbuh) whu 
spared his life and r*^,'om.ikd him on condilion llm he pjys the r.iibme. 
'Ihcn he -sei hJm Ira and he icuimcil lo his tov^n. 

Thc pRiphei (pbuh) spent more than len niehi?; in Tnbak. Then he 
reULmcd U» Madinah. On ihe way back. Lheie was waier Qo^^ing from a nnik 
iQ the vdlcv of Ai-Mvushiitiqaq Ihit could be iticd by only iwu or Lhrcc 
ridcf?<. The Pmphei <pbuh) ejvo or^lt-fs ihai whocvci preceded ibcre should 
nol IJke ^aier frum it unlil ihc mhera arrived. A nuinbtfr of hypocrilL'^ wi:nl 
thtrc firM and u.sed ihe wat-r. When thtr PropheE (pbuhl arrived llicre he 
found no wiicr He a^ked aboui wh*» hatl done so and he was lold abouf 
ihcir naine^. He i^d, -piJ / "oi iirohibil fh^tupom ilrawmn ony \n-a!frt frtrm it 
until i arri^ecir He cuised iheni and invoked Alhih a^ainsr ihera. Then lie 
di^moiinicd and pa his hand under the nvk. and water began ic tlow imo 
his hatJd as Aifith willed- Then he sprlnkkd ibe ri^k wiih the wakr arid 
ru!»l>ed ii wilh his hhnd and supplicated Allah w«li Ihe word* He wDled, 
Tlicn warcr was ejecicd, us rhosc ivho hea^d it said, making a sound like 
ihnndcr. The people drank and mei »hc*i needs vsiih ii^ anil d« Pmphci 

tpbUhl said. "If voti surviiw itr Ifio-te I'f :ivu »<tit' .vitf utivfye. Wh vlU hvjir uh-MAi 

Ibn Isbiq ^J"d dial Ibn Shihab a?.-ZuhrT reponcd from Ibn Utayniah 
al'Laylhi from tin: nepht-^w of Abu Ruhm ul-<jhirari ihai be hc;uU r\ha 
Rohm Kimhiim ibnul-Hu^ayn, wbu witi *nic nf ihe Compnions who s^^ore 
aliegianc;e lo ihc Praphel l;ibuK) undci ihe Trw. say, "On ihe joomcy of 



l;ibfiJ; wilh the Prophet (pbuhl one niehl whflcwe were ai AlAJ^daH^* 
near ihe Prophet (pbuh> we fell inio d«cp sleep. I sUftcd (d wiikc up when 
my camel wcni citjsc; \o (he Propbci's camel. I feared Thai if it went (oo 
clo^c E.I lijs fuoi he worn i>e injured in ih« sUmip. 1 kept on dTawing my 
cuxnel jsviiy from bini until sleep swayed mf. Tticn diinng the nighr my 
fame! humpiid BgaiiLsi hjy unul hi-, fool was in l!ic siiroip and 1 was roused 
hy hik voiet- saying, 7 am pjiin^J\ ] qskcd him la a.k Alia!) lo fcrgi>^r mc 
and he ludcTcd me lo go on. The Prophet (pbuh) he^^^ '^ ^'^1^ "til ubaur 
diose who hu;! liigged behind firom Barij Gbifor and I \M him. lie 
quesrioned mc abom U>c tail men widi hnk Kair on their beards and 
eyebrows and 1 toid hiTii ih^( ihey hud UngeKd. Then he jsJikI nie A\xm the 
Kbon hlack nion whom jit finii I did not remember until he remmdeJ mt^ that 
they owned tiujiels in SlubJk^u Shadafch. I hereupon [ rccaUed \hM rhey 
were a clan of Uw Ailam who were our ai[ii!s. When I idd liini iliu he said. 
1*'Au; prri^/j/cd Jmij) pjj^ of ihrs^ \,'fien ^# wiihdrt^v fri,m f.tv,,idv\n one of kis 
cQnieh a.\ n tmuni ro a zKthns iran in The wav o/Mhh* 7bt^ mnvi MiJiffnin^ thing 
ro rtf fi that the Mwhajinin from the Qura\sb. the Ansar. Ghifiir and Ashm s/ux- 

The Deputation of Thaqif Embraces Islam 
In Ramadan of the year 9 AH 

Ibn Jsii3q said thai h vm Raiiwdan ishen !he Pfoplici (pbuh) rexumed 
htm TabOk, In thai mnmh ihc d^^puiaiion i>f Thaqif eame to him. As the 
Prophet fpbuhJ turned awav from them. "Unvah ibn Mas^ud ai.h-Thaqafi 
fQllQwed him u^Til he ovcnwk luni hcfnrc ]\i^ iimval in M^tilnah. and 
ciiibrstcd [.slam. He rc^ucMed fnim Llie Prophei (pUuhl ihyE he raigin return 
to hij, people ^*'ilh IsJoni, but. as hj^ pctipk: ^aid. he ipliuh) saiif to him. they 
wilt kill you", for ihe Pnipbet ipl>uh) knew hiw sEg&boni ihty were, 
However. Urwah said Ihey cheriT^hed him mfjie Ihnn ihdr nrsrhom. Being 
k>ved and obeyed, he u*;nt out ard tailed tiis p<;t>ple lo l.slam. hoping ihai 
they would wi\ oppose him t>£cau\c of his position among them. I-fc 
ascended \n a high room .sh owing hmiwlf Hi ihcjn nfier inviting them to 

f A »iii;bcifl«n IfltfllL iod trie Vjllcyof AI-QuriL 



Islam ■which Ik had declared as iiLs religiDn, Al once, ihey shot arrows ai 
him from all direciions unlil he. was tilled. 

Bantl M§hk clainicd rhat one of tfecir men killed him. who was known as 
A*-s ihn ' Awf. lltf brother of BanO Salim ibn Maiit, while Al-A|imi ullcged 
lha[ Wahb ihn Jihii ot their iiicn from BanO Aisab ibn Mfdik killed him. 
While bmathing his m, Urvah wa* asked. '"Wliat do you ihink of your 
deaihV" He said, "li is an honor wliich Allah has besiowed on me and » 
manvrdom *hich Albli haj, led me in. f am like ihc mariyis who v-ctc slain 
wiihW PmplKt (phuhl before he \di you, so bury riE wiih ihcm." Thus he 
wiis huried wiih ihem. Il was ^td (hai ihc ProphcL (phuh) Siid Ihat ^Un*ah 
was among liis people like the man of Yjsm'" among his people. 

Some months after die kilUflg Qf Urwdli. Thaqlf made dcUhenilLons 
juiiOTig iherasclvcs iind ctincludai ihai ihL7 could !>ot afihi ihe Arabs all 
fliumd them, who had given fealty iti the Muslims and embraced Islam. So 
afier consuhalion they decided [O dispatch a man lo [he Prtiphci ^pbuh). 
llicy pn>pt>sed dlis idea lo \'M>d YflJil ibn Amt, one of 'Urwah's peers, but 
he refused, fcdiing th<ii Unvah's sWry woM be repealed. He made a 
coGdiLion ihbt he would not eo unices Jiccompanied by liome men. Hence, 
they agreed lo send two men frooi Al-Ahiaf and three from Bonti M:\lik. 
These six wwe: ^Ahd Yallh Al-llakam ibn 'Amr ibn Wahb ibn Mu'atlih; 
ShurdbhTt ihJi OhavlAn ihn Salamah ibn Mu^atlib^ and from Banu M51ik, 
L'thman ihn Abcl-'A& ibn Bishr ibn 'Abd Duhman, rfte brother of BanO 
Yasisr. iind Aws ibn Awf. the bti^thtr of Ban! Saiim, nind Numajr ibn 
!thara.sh.-!ll ibn Rabi^ah. ihc broihcr of BanQ Al-Hiriib. 'Ahd YMTI led Ihe 
group, iK, \k aceompiinifd ihein only lo a^oid whai had been done «o 
Urwoh and io that eacli m^n iKi his relum 10 MlSif CUUld Scctire d>e 
aiH^niion of his c\br. 

Approaching Madinnh, ihey u^ped at Qanfli whetc Ehfty mct 
AI-MiJgh?rah ihn Shubah whose lum il wat Id graze liw camels of the 
Pfophei's Companion?, for the Companions UK-k this ta,sk in turns. On 
seizing ihem, he left lh= camels with Ihe Thaqifis. and ran at lull speed to tell 
the Prophet (pbuh) about (heir airival. AbQ Bakr mei tim before hi^ could 
enter to ihe Prophet fpbuhl- He inlonTiL^d him abv.ui ihe cmavan of Thaqit 

\ Vialfiln^eKlciE ruibcQiUPilcSrifflfc. Tfl^r.TforniijtcinlonBiiiJHi at^"* ihii poim wad ific 



who hull coiTh- lo pay homage and enihratc Islam on tht ran<!iebm of ihe 
Pr«phci ipbuh) pioviJud thai ilicy could gci a leiier gujnmiecing shcir 
pcopk. land, ard pmperty. AbO Bjhr swoic IIUU ^I-Mu^nrali iliould Icl 
liim i^H ihc Prophtsr i.pbiihl lHl: nc*,-. jiid lie ^tciutLl. Thja AbC Bdkf mM 
Ihc Pntphcl ipbuh) u-hiie Ai'Mughirjh wcnl l);tck lo ihe pctTpk of Thut|if 
jinJ broughi iht^ i^amcl'i hack. Ahhmigh Al-Mughirjh iaught ihem how [o 
fi«KJ (he PfophL'l (pbiihK ihev grctned him li'tih rhi^ pre-J^bmic ^laiafmn, U 
wis Sciid ilia( when ihcv reached ihc Pttu^h^i (pbuh i, a Knt wa^ pjii;hcd fof 
Ihcni near his Mosque. KhSiid ibn Said ibiiuU'Ajj aclcd as meJiaior 
hclwecn Miem and die Prophel ipbnh) un*il they goi their Icticr of ^'uaraiUce, 
|[ was jLiUiiJIy he who wfuw iL They aic no food which was brought lo 
(hem from [Jic Prophci ipbtili) unless Kh3lid aie vonic. Tliev remJint'd in 
rhi* condiiiiTii umJI ihcj hud emhfiictfd Lkm and rccclvod ibcir Icticr. 

Anrnng ihc rbings tboyasKud die PnipJitL (phuh) wasihui llicy should be 

perminedio ktep their idtil, AI-UIh nnd that itslumldnoi be demolished for 

three yciiT^. Thi: Propbei ipbuhi refiisi-il, antT ihcy eoilmucd irnploring him 

fortwoorevcn or^E year hue he sull rrUfscil. Finally tiicy a-^fcird for a mnnih 

alter their ivtuiTi; hiil he rcje^itcd to sel any nm£. The>' tried lo show ihiti the 

mm of iheir ivnuest was to be secured ftom tht-ir farviticSn womca arid 

cliildren by leaving the tdo). ^ as not to cause Te.-ir by demolishing iu until 

they h^d tnLhia*;etl hhim. The Frophei ipbuhi iiwijiied on his refujiaf and 

^cni AbO Su5'dn ibn Hurb jnU Al-MugkiEiah ih» SJiu'bjih «> dessroy U. They 

fuither requetieil the f^ophei Ipbulu lo exempt thcin from prayer*, and i<i 

c^cmpi Ihcm fft>m breaking their idnls wirfi their own hand^. The Prciphci 

{phah) accepied to exempt ihcm from dostroyitig (heir idols with ihc^ir own 

hands, hui as for pr;jyers. he Mnd, "Tficrv ia no ^wnlntsi tn a r^hgiof^ itu^t itia 
tio I'rinrrj:.' 

Qnce Ihey had bctirmc Mu?Tinjs. and had the letter o( ^uafantee, (he 
Prophel tpbub) i^piHnicd Uihmfin ibn Abd-A5 ove: ihi^m, m spiic of his 
ywing ape. This was because Abti Bakr had (old ih^ Pix^phei tpbutii [hat 
Ulliiiifin wus the ke*^iie5i amuug Oicm to Jcam Ihc icatJiini.s cf hlasa and the 
Qur'an- 

Havmg accomplished ibeir ta.sk. the ThaqTf deputaiion returned lo their 
Ittfld intlicvoinpanyof Abil Sufy^in ibnIiJ'rband AJ-MnghlrHih ibnShubah 
whom the Praphei ipbiihl sent u-iih iheiii lo desiroy die idoj. Whi:n ihey 



^vc.= nca. AM^vf. Al^MugHmh a^fced Abfi Safyiin [c iulvance him. but 
AbiJ SulSan lefit^'d lulling him !» go 10 hi^ people wliilt he waited w.ih h« 
pfopcnv'm Dhul-Hbdum. Al-.MUghlrah wcnj w ihz iUcrl and ^uncJ tij ^mke 
il wiih'a pi^dxe, vmic hi. F^P^^ ^^ l*'^"^ ^'""^"^^ "^'"^ defcmUng hmi 
frt>iii w»y m-xK 1'ei.rmp ihal h= *c^ul<l ^^^-i 'h. TiiEc of ^tlr^ah. The Tlli.qill 

"Alns tor ycKi, 3las!" suit! AhQ Sutv^n. i^s Al-Mughtrah was Jestfc^vlng 
ItK idol wUlL tlic iL^c. After ArMughlfi-h a^moli^lic^d il. He follectcd ihc 
jcwclEy. gold. bcad^. and things onhv And sent for Abii Sufyin. 

AbO Muli-vL ibn LWoh anJ QSrib ihnul-A'iv^id wl-hI to ihe Prophel 
(nbohl :.IW the k^illing of Urxtah :ir»d bdarc the Thiqrf dcpuUtuin. aimmg 
to wiitidraft fiom Tha-^if and lo foisi.ko U«m t^ompltlcty. As ihcy cmhi^«:cd 
Mam- ili^ Piophi-'i ipbuhJ UiU ihem k> mke ^s patrons whi>ovcr ihcy wished. 
They answercd ihat Ihey chose AlMi luiiL Hi^ Mc^ngii^r. The Propbci (phuhi 

SUid, -Vim/ :wr rflti^r™^ ^-^"fr ^frci .9«A Ji. ^Ji« a^^^ r a«d th^ 

Cunsequcrtriv. uRcr ilii^ people of Ai-Iait h;>d embraced Islum nod vhc 
P.^.|,l,ci I pbuh , had ^i Abu Sufyin W A^Mnghl^ih [<> de^my ihe i<b«, 
Abu Mulayh ibn llrwflh i-skL-d ibe ProphcE (pbuh^ lo fulfd hi^ ialhcr'^ dcbi 
from the property of the idol. \Mu-n the Prophet (pbuh^ agreed, Qanb 
ihnul-Asv,ad demanded Uw saiTiL- ihing concerning h\:s faihers ilcbi. Dmah. 
iind ATAswftd were fuU hrotiieiv- '-^MAH^a^-icVrfu^ ../H^fV/i.^'^A ihc Pmphct 
(phiih) -aid. Qiixib [^pUeJ, "O Messenger of AM^Ii, biii yon will bc hmdinE 
to n Mu^tim of a near kin - itic^inine him^idf - and ihf d^h* is oniy obhgaion^ 
on iii^ and il i?i required of me." The ftopheJ ipbuhi oracreri AbO Sufyan lo 
futfil ihc <lcbr^ of Urwah imd Ai-.Aswad fr<.in Lht pos-iessioos ol ihc idoL 

The icsi cif Ik- fcnei of giiuianicc ot ihc Prophei (pbuh) which was 
wrilien fur ihem was as follows; 

^/jj the mm^ v/AflnL ihe MoitMern_fnt m^I 'hf Ev^r-Merciful imm 
HiihafUfiUAd ihf Piuph^t. th^ Afi'«rnj;fr ofAli^h. lo thf frH/fi*'«. The 
irges of Wfif/ " iin^ ni}i to hr 'iamiJ^cif. Anytme fumd J"in* unylhinK of 
tlujt wiit 1» nhippfii ii'ui hi.i ,-hilJi^5 t^-ill he ra^n awav. omt if hf ini'iX- 
jKPJ^^A rhh. hr yi-'ll hr fokrn and Prvphvr f^hikommittl will bt injimiitti 
nhtAit tl ThU is tht iommand oj Prophet Muhumniad. the .W^.f vcn^*-!' of 
Atiah iJfuh}.* 



i_ AiiiL'tnAi.ia.r 



KJialid ibn Sa'id Mrore '\mdct Ihc insimctJon of Ihe Messengcr 
Muhammjd ibi» ■Abdill§h^ so no coe should iransg,^^ tl do injuMice (o 
hiiDhcIf, in wtmi MuhamniiKl ihc Mc^sengcror Alfjh his ordered. 

tbe Nimh Year, the Year of Deputations 

A^rding lo lbi» [siiaq. afi^r (he Prophci (pbuhl U^ t^ca control jjf 
Matkiih. and hud wtutned from TabQk. and jfLtr Tluujjr had emt)raccd isJam 

and swiirnalJcgiarTCC. Arab depuuiioriinowcdiu him froiuaidiiH^UojUL*!*. 
Thi. Arab Lribcs were waiching Us relation betwtfoj Islam Wld riie Qurays^i 
Tor rhL-y did nof deny ihul (he Quniy^.s were cbicf^i and guides uj" risen, the 
people of Ihc Inviolable Mosque, rb.^ pure progeny of Pmp^lel Ishj^'iI ihc 
son of Ibiihim. and [he leaders of Arabs. In ihc Trsi plac^, ii was ihe 
Quraysh who had waged war jgain.s( fhe Pruphei (pbuhj and oppa^d him 
After rhe Conqucii of Makkiih. the Qurayjdi surrendered to Islam and the 
Proptid (ptiuhj. so the Arabs realized thai iJwy could nof light [he Prx>phcl 
{pbutj> or ihow floimosiiy rowards rtjni. Likewise, Oiey entered in<o ilie 
RoJigion of AlJnli J i» ci-^h^.* ^. as AJJuh ibe Aiini^h(V said, going to him 
from ail dirct^iirms. Allith ihc Almi^ity said lo His Prophei, 

tinries} am! ih^ rofttpiest lo/ MuPJuth}. And yt.u sn- Uku i/k people enter 
Atlalri religim iislaml m crowJu. So glorify thf Prnssi.\i of v^nr Lorxl 
Onti ask far H\s F'lr^hfnesi. VmVy, Hr ij the One Who arctpU the r*. 
penuiiifi^ fi'i/i f^r^vcs. ^ 

(An^NaST 1-3) 
I.e. Thnfik Allah for His having mad^ vmir rcTigJon triumphanr. and j^k I Ih 
forg^vctffiss. for He Ls Ihc One WIk> a^-L-epis Jhe tj^pc^nunce aflrf forgives. 

The Arrival of the Deputation of Banii Tamim 

Arab depurations came to mecl [he Prophet (pbuh). UiSrid ibn Hajih ibn 
Zuraiult ihn ^Udu^ at-Ti animi came with oUters namhics of Banu Tamim 

I. '""NishJiTh^u Ahd UtMJJ^lhh«dhlm^hul^llr1Mkp^Wklhenirn^^ 
Ihc )-Kirgr dcjuliihccu. 



ind^ding ANAqra- ib. HSbiS, A>-mnqfb ibn Badr of Banfi S;. i Amr 
ibnul-Ahl^i, and Al-M"t>bfib ib. Y^1d. in Qie depuiation o\ BanQ T;miim 
^vac Nii'^ym ibn V^U Q^p ih.ul-Hiinih. and Q.ys ibn Asira, die 

briber of Banu Sa'd, UilJ "here was w.in Iht^m ■Uj:.ynah .b» Jts" .bn 

Hudhayriih ibn Budr al-Fazari. 

Al-Aflm' Ibn Hflbts and Uvavnah ibn ^^r^ hatl wir^'sstd -Aiih ihc 
ProplH^l (pbuhl. [hi? Ct>nquesl <^f Maktah and The Buidc^ of Munayn ^nd 
Al-I3'"f. fcoli^riji^ Ihc mosqiic. Uit ^putaiicn called oui ro ihc Prophtfl 
(phuh>. ffhn wai behind in hH Lip-^ximcn^s. "Cotne 'ftil lo u-S- MuhammaJI 
Their loud v^icc^ boiK-red The Proj^iei (pbuhl. However, he wcm out m sec 
tbtm and ihey «id. "O Mubumnmd. we havt tome to ^how wu niir glory, 
fio give permission lo our potl ;iik1 our ojator lo spc;ik." The Prophei (pbiibj 
^^e pcrnissiim ipih<:ir <v^^^r. r>5> ^1^^'*^ ibn Hsjib iidv^nccd and :>aiil. 

f^All praise be lo Allah Who has Scaiowcd grace and boonEy on us :.iJd 
Who is woiihy 10 be raised. U Is H.: who mydc us kin^. endowed us wiili 
greM wealth wherewilh ^c giw charily, made us ihe ^irongcsi. greaic^ m 
number. :ind [he besi c^.iippetl i>f (he people: ul" ihi; Ea.st. so who arn^^ng 
mankind is c>iir cqaal? Arc wc rui; eIxc hepds mu\ superiors t>l niaiikind? He 
wUi> wdulil Vic iu glory wilh ua shpuld cnuEii tiul like uhal W[; huve 
cniimeraiea If sv'c wUhed wl^ cr^\t]d say mole, hul wc arc loo basliful lo say 
„u.ch .>f whht H^ has be?,tov,cd on us and arc known for ihal. I say ihis dial 
yon jT>ay bring forwanl ihe Tike and anything heLlcr." Then he sal down. 
The Prophei (phuh) said lo Thabii ibn Qiivs ihnc^h^Shainnils. the broiher of 
Bunu Al-H^rilh [bnuMChazraj, C^ up rand dtliver a spcc^hJ ^i^An^ring ihu ^ 
liusinon". Thiibjl goT yp and^aid. 

"AH pT^isc be 10 AUiih Who creaicd hcsiven and eanh and csiabitsheii 
■His rule LlTcrein. and Wlio know.s cveryihmg in Ihem. Nothing has ever 
existed but OMI i>I His bounty. By His power He made us riilcr^. selecting 
the bgsi of His creation as a Mcssengern who is ihc mosi htnwnihJe in 
hne^gc. mOM trulliful in Hpecck arnj ihc bcM in rcpm^iiion, So 11^ ^ent do^^■n 
10 him His Book iUYd cntru^ied him with i( to miinkind so he was Allah's 
choice ffoni ±c v/orlds. Then He culled people lu hciieve him. and so did 
"the MuhajifOn of his people md kjn^imctii the most honorable in reputation, 
the highcsi in dignjiy. and ihc bcsi in dcc^is. Wc were ihc first to answer and 
respond to Allah when tiic Messenger of Alluh t^Kd ihcm. We have aiways 



b«n hcIpL-K in (he amc ryf Altah snd nimisters of His Mei^nger Wc fifih. 
pcopfc ™i rliey believe la Athh: s;* h,z who Miev.. in .AJfah and H.. 
Messenger (phuli) has protetied htmself and his prqxinv from us and he 
whL> di-sbei^cvc^. wt rigJii him in The way of ATlah icrever. unJ fcilJmg hLjn 
wilj he Hn e^y EUlng far us, 1 say ihcM ^vord5 and i^k AJhh's forgiveness 
lor me and for die believers buili nien :ind women, Peace hc upon ycu," 

TTien A? .lihnqui ihn Badr ^laxi ami sjid some powic verw^ m which 
he showed rl«^ ^ipf^^s nf his people, Ai ihis time, M^ssib iiljn Thabiil was 
no. prescni, so rJie Prophet i|,huhf .sent for him m atlend and anvwcf rhe ptj^l 
or BanQ Tjirrlm H:.ssan wonl io die Prnphct ipbjh] iaving %omc leracs 
ideniify ing ihc Ansfir"*; help i<j iht Pnjplici ipbuh^ 

When H^^sfln airived to ilie Pmphet fpbuhl and the Tamfml poci had 
said hii. verses, he iitaUc vcrs£* uiih ihe s^mc pr*>sndy of »he -.^nscs which 
he had smd. As Az-Zibriqii hjd fmKhed, ih? Pmphd Ipbuh, ^.ked Ha^sSii 
10 fci up and an^wtr him. Thu.s. H^^sin ^ost a;>d tcplied to him with a 
laiwfcabic p^m, lu|hli|hutiE» ihc (rails of Isbm a.s w^n as (he first MLislim^. 

T^Jn;illy, the dcpHlatii^n L^inhr^iccd Islam and ffte Prophet Iphirhl gave 
then. vAu-Abk proscniN ^^Amr ihmil-Ahum who was iheir voungcsi had 
bctif Icfi behind ftyh(s people w^Thiheirt-^fmek. Qnys ibn .Qim who (law 
"Aiiir. .said, "O M^^i.cn^^t v[ Allart, nne of mr mi:i> who is staving with the 
<::.iticlf>. is u merejuvc-niTc." a^id ht ^poJ^c ill <-J Jiim. Vet [Jw Prophe( (pbuh) 
guvchim ^hc^ame.^bit^ea^beh;.^fElvenlheotlw:fs. On bca*;iKg w^in Qays 
hadiaid/Amisaiiri/cdhim. 

Jbrj Mt;„| %ai.d that th* lollowing Qn'nmJe vciw was .sent dowiiab6iil them: 

J I'^rt/v.' 77"M,,Tr «Ji.i .,,;/ v/tf fhrm behij},i the itwethA^s. /iirAi vf //irt.r 

lAi-HujUrfL 4) 

The Story of Amir ibnut-Tufayl and Arbad ibn 
Q^ys from the Deputation of BanG Amir 

Amofii- tlH? dcpmntion of Banfl -Arair were their ihnx Icadcis and 
devih. n^rly, 'Amir ibnuMulavL Arbad ibn Qays ibn h^y ibn KMIid Jhn 
Ja'far, and Jafilnar ibn SylinQ ibn Malik jbn JaTar. 



' Amir. }\k CTicniy of AUuh. cyme lu ih« Prophet (pbuh) with Ueachtry in 
his mind. His people aJviwd him lo embnce lUam ^ikc llx olhcr,-:- Dm he 
iaid "I have vowiil ih^ii I will noi Mii^ unill inc AfuHs follow iny bcd^. 
Am [ [o folb* Ihe hcNTis of ihis follow of ihe QiirQyj.h"."^ Tbcn he ^Ld lo 
Artud "When wc go lo Wm I will divcn his aiiemion nwiy from you, su 
ihai you C4n Mnilc bin. «iih your swcrd/' When tliey :^ivcd miJ riwl Oie 
Prophci fpbuh. Amir ^id. "O Muh:immaii. lake me as a Cricnd" Hc 
lulled, "Nn. hy Allah. I ^viU nut wiHf \^u bclkv^ in Alhh alm^ " He rejilaied \hc 
rei]ue.l a«d kcpi ^in ^pcakipg lo hhn expelling lhi.1 Arbiid -^ould do a-s Lhcy 
h.id listed bul ilie l;iti^r %(awd slill. He agaiti nipcakd hi^ Tt<\i\cst aiid ilw 
Prophel ipblih) ^^aid- "V-?, &v ^/M. f >vjW /lor Jjn/^/ v«h MiexiT in ASI*ili, ulifi€ 
wi,h no partner'. When lllf Prophei [pbuh) refused insMt;n(ly, he said, "By 
AUoh. I wiU ^prcjii3 [he lund againsi you with c-iviJn' ^md rnen.'^ After ihetr 
dCpaHUrc. EtK ProphcE ^pbuhl Mipplicaied to MlaFi l»n? Almighty *yiymg, "O 
Alhih. pmifCl lue fr»ni ' Amir ibmilB'f^yiP' 

On tiicirKitiEn/AmifSflid to Arbad, "Wis lo you. Arhiid, why did you 
noi do as 1 hjid comiiimided you'* By Attiih. ihcre Wi.^ rl> man oh ciinh 
whom I ftfaird more ihirn you. bui b> Allah, 1 shall nevef fear ymi ."kher 
lodav '■ He nn=;uercd. "Do not say ihar. Every time I i:jrnt lo do whal you 
had ordered nu:. y^Hi gut in bciwcv^n us «> Ilul I could see only you. Was I vo 
sUike yA>u wiUi the sword?" 

As [hey were going' home. Al!:tfl sent a plagui: in ' Anur's ncct, and he 
died in the house of a wtMiuin of BanQ SalGl, t-lc u-scd to iay/'O Banu " ArmiH 

a boil like ihc boil of a young tamel m Hw? houic of a wouian of BaiiQ SalQl.l" 

AfiLT bLJwing him. his conipiioions rciurned in winter H* \hG Tand of 
Banii 'Amir. The people qucMioiied Arbad atwui what hid h.ippcnetl. 
"Noihvng, by ^M^ah," he said, "he ealkd us in woiship somtrone and I wish 
he were tierc niw .so iJwi I lcuIlI ^hoot hira with arr*>ws and kilT Ticm.' After 
J dav or Iwo had pjia^d, he wji*i out with hi^ camel fiillnwiTig him. when 
All^h wni or liim and »iis eamel a iliimderboU wtiich killed Ihcm. .^ibad 
WiLs ihe brother of Labid ibr Rabfah from the inaiemaT side. Labid said an 
Elegiac poem for Arbad, 



The Arrival of Al-J^rfid 
wlih the Deputation of Abdul-Q^ys 

AJ'Janid Ihn ^Aiio^ ibu ^il^u^||, the hrt>lha of "AWLil-Qays."^ camc [0 
the Prophti ^pbuh), Alilasan nairaTcd thm when Al-JJU^d went [O Ihc 
PropTiol fphiifi) lie Ulfccd io him Mid th? Proplivt phuh) c^tpIajiicU TsJjiiii w 
him and i^nlled hurt t« embrace II using sncnuni^ing wojiJs. He replied. "O 
MuiMirmiad, I adhere lo a tcVigion. so if I abandon it for voors wiN you 
guaraniee my [new] icligjouj?" The Prophei fpbuh) said, Trs. / ^^;«.rfl;i/^^ 
«h7M;/n/^^M,vflu,rffi/vftKrt?fl/ifrfrroflf ti.c. Ecligicin]l/i<yrr j;". Hence he and his 
comparjions cmbracifd [simu. When Jie itsked ihe ProphcE tpbuh) for some 
[rsinsport, he told Jjim ihiii lie Euul none ^ivailablc, Al-Jarijit remarked that 
Tht*rp u'we loRl heii5lj> roaming between Madinali jind his lowu and flakc4 
whclhei Ihey could laie some cf them lo carry Ihem u> [heir land. The 
Prophcl ipbuhf v;;irncdhirTi. ^yu. ktvp UKayfnm thprn. /onh^'si' are (U. ihi-y 

Al-J3ri^d rcnimcd home and became a good Muslim and firm in his 
tt^gionunul hisdeaih HcJjv(;d uniil ihc rime of rlic Apostasy Woni. When 
some of his people who had embraced Islam apos(aiized with AI-Gharilr 
ibnul-Mundhir ibn ^-Nu' man ibii uI-Mundhifn aJ Jirtd delivered a speech, 
calling The people lo Islam, He said, "O people, I wimcfis Gial ihcre \f. no 
god bill Allah and ihui Muhammad is His servant and messenger and I 
ai:cuseofdisbi:Iicfan;yofic who refuses 10 bear the lanic Ic^timony." 

The Arrival of Banfi Hantfah Accompanied by 

Musayllmah the Liar 

The depiiWlifln of Banfl Hantfah came lo ihe Pmphei fpbEih) snd among 
them was Miisaylim:th ibn HobTb aMlar^aTi. the Ljar. They stayed in the 
hon-ie of the daughter of Al-Harilh'-i. an Ansarf woman of BanO An-Najjar, 
AceordiJig to sottre srholars of Midmah, Banu Uaaifah hrough; him to the 

1. IbnlTjlJllQisaidAl-Jdl^^suaCliriuiHL 

2. Abfl DhiUTMiU. "U n ulJ iT\ai iltii wmm wa* Kfl^iah. the daophier n{ Af-Hfiriih 



Pfcphd (ptHih^ While conccaUne him in cloihri^g- Tlie Prophei (pbuh) was 
^[nm amonii his Coinpanion'. and \\^rc was a polm-bronch bc^nng some 
leaver. While he was awcred wiih garmcnis. he spoke to ihe Pmphel (pbuh) 
!ma af;ki:a him t^H a giftJ. The Prophet tpbuh} answered, 'ify^^ ^^'■rf w ^J* 
mff/orihij puiiri bnimk t n(tutd mi gire it To ynit" 

Ibn IsfeSq aa^d ihal an old nmn frojii BunO H^nifiih from the people of 
AJ-Ymiiamah lold him iha[ things wcm diifcrcnily. He claimed ihai ihc 
dcpuialion wcnl lO Ihc PMphel [plXitl^ while Mii'>ayii:nah was left behind 
WUh Ihc eamcJs and lh<: lufififlgt^ When ihey cmhruced i^lam ihcy 
nKnuoDod his place to ihc PiopLel (pbjh) raying [h;ir h^ wai left hthind lo 
guard Lheir pobscj^-iions- The Prophei (phuh) orden^d ihal he should be 
prrtvidL-a with Ihc same as Ihe oihcis. saying. "H^s smn^n^ i^ to/ wone ilian 
xtuin.'- i.e. in guarding ihe he^ongingi of his companions. Thoi is whai ihe 
Prophei iphohl mc;m>i. Hl- said ihal ihey left ihe Prnplie* fpbuhl and yave 
him whai he hjid sent fo; him. Once Ihey amved ai AI-Yamamnh, 
Musayhmah jpn^Ulizecl. alleged itrni twr was a pruj^ci and acted as i^ har. 
He said. I am his pailnct in ihc nianer (i.e. pioplicthood jnd Ihe Vli^won)."' 
and turning ro itie depu^alion whu were wilh him, he *iaid. "Did he no! ^ay lo 
yon when you mentioned me lo him "His itanding is not worse ihan yoiits"? 
Whiil can iliat mean bin thai he knows thai 1 share wi;h him in ilii: mailer?'" 
Then he began lo uuer rhymed prose trying lo mmc ihe style of ihe 
Qur'an. {Here ii ihe meaningof whai hcsaid.> "Ailah l-^s been bountiful lo 
the pregnant womra; He has produced from her a living being that can 
move; trom her very niidsi. He mrtdt lawful for ihcm khi^mr (any 
inioxieanl) and ziaH (adultery and rornicaiion). and exempted ihem from 
piaytrs." Ncvenheless. he le^iified thai Ihe Messenger of Mhh (pbbh) was 
a Proph*^!. Banu Hamfah agreed wiih him on Lhat. But Allah knows what r.l^ 
trulh was. 

The Affair of Adlyy Ibn HStlm 

1 was told ihaj ^Adiyy ibn HJliim j,aid. "No Arab delested ihe Prophei 
(pbuht when he HtW knew about him more Lhan me. I was a Chnman leader 
of noble binh. and 1 used lO rake a qviancr of ray pcopk't. spoih. I wa^ 
rcligit^us .iiid my peopJe litaied me is u t'Jig^ On hein^ing of tHl- Prophet 



(pbuhj f hured bfm and salA to an Arjb ^crvimi of mire who was raking care 
of my camck. Xhoo.se iomo wf my wdi-irairwd, weN-fcd camels. it> be near 
10 me, aiid once you heitr of Muhjnimad'i army conqutjring ihJs Jiind Jll^l 
give me 3 nofc." One morning fie came ro me snd said. "Whufi^ver ynu 
initTuJi'd 10 del wlitn Khalids cavalry' approach yuu. do it now. for I have 

ftccrt flogft and ] ii-,ktd abinjT iJicm ami I wji ^ultl ihal JL W!i,S Muhiimnindii 
Bfmy/' I ordervd him lo gci mc my camcU and [ iTiydc my furiiily lide Iheni 
and SCI fon.h fo join ihcChris*i:ni^ in Syria. \ wml ;*?; far ji*i Al-Jjwshiyyuh"' 
- or Al-Hfishiyyah. as ibn Ht^ham said - where T lefi om- of iiatiin^ 
daiighicfs,'-' Whv-n J arrived in Syria r scaled [here 

Sflmc of the ciivdiy of ihe PrupIuM fpbuh) fdluwcd mc and took 
caplTVcs from layyi lunoni^ wiiom wa.s H^tim's daugtiicf. who was brmiEh[ 
10 ihc Prophei (phuti). The PmpJicl (pbub/ knew about my neeing 10 Syria. 
WlKn he p:ksscd by H^imi".^ dauglitcr. who wa.< imprisoned wiUi ibc cupLrvcs 
in ^n eaekisurc hv ilic gatL- ol rht Mosqw, she wcni lo him fcr sbc was a 
coune*^.Ls wamai>. She: ^iiiU. "O Mi:.^M:Rgcf of Allah, my failier m dead :ind 
Ihe one who should replaLC hitii h:is fled, ^n be bouniiful to mc. may Aiish 
be bouniiful ra you." He asked her yhiur ihc man \vho should lixik after her 
U^ wlien she lold birn iTiai ii was 'Adiyy ibn H^tiin he surd, Tiir tmr who 
kiis e.\tijpt^ fnim Mifiii ,ind His .Wmc-flj^f;/' Tlien he wcnl oql Tbc nexi day 
tliey exchanged iric same u-ords bul on ihe day Ihai followed, she lost hope. 
A niiin IwHind hiin waved 10 h*^ to talk 10 him. She mpcmed iJw: i-^mc. 
u/oids asking him 10 be bountiful lo her add he answered. "I have done «». 
w dt* mil ht- luihty in [cjvjrig umil ymi find a pc:>un of your pei>ple *hom 
y-m iru&l 10 ^ako yyu home, and la nn: know.' She Jiskcd aboui (he naine of 
ihe man who had molioned 10 h^r ro talk and wa* told ihm it wa^^ Air ibn 
Abi Jiihb- She remained Ihere uniil a caravan anived froni Ba^yy or 
Qiiija'aii. Alj ibai she wished lof was lo join her bitnW in Syria. She; wcnJ 
Si ihe Prophcl (pbuhi 10 infono him *hai she liitd found a rehablc maa of 
irpmmion among her people. The Prophet (pbuh) provided her wiih 
duEhing and a muijoi jiikJ gave her cxpcBses, Then she kn wirh ihcm until 
iJiejcachcd Svria" 



I A miidiiruni in'ji S.^i\ 

1 Ai-SuhuyL iJiunioJ a di nunc aL^je^aWcihiH tenariitf wai SilUnaH 



O) — 



V\Jiy>- fLTther narmied. "Siltmg among ny people 1 saw a howdyh 
coming towards us so I ^^d^im^ 'HStims d^mghler?" ^d so .i *.s. She 
came \i> tnc iiml ruined to blame me raying, 'You ate ufflliiliful, unjust; yua 
iwk away your fajnily ;imi ciiildren and for^ooi: your /;i[li«s dmightcr; I 
said. Dn nol ssy t^iit gOOO, O Jililc si^ci. for by AJlah I h^vi^ no ej^cu.sc. I 
did do mai vou say: Then she dismov-mcJ and ffesidfld ^vitb iik. She wiVi a 
discerning «.-oiiiJfi SI. I a^kcJ ^h;iut her opini<>n of Ihk tmn. She sjid. 1 
think rbJi you stiould join hini imriH-dia^ely. foriTlhc man iii a Prt^bei rhen 
ht *ill tw- boumirul lo iliGse who v'ilS come lo him firsi. and il he is a king 
voi^ wilt not be humiliated in ihc ^lory of Yemen. L-speciulTy with your high 
position.' I was convinced by hci vie*. Ilcn^*: I set oui to the Pr»jphi;i 
(pbubi and I found him iii his mosque in Matllnah. Aacr [ tiaJ peeled iura 
and imn^duced niy.'«ir, he goi up to tatc \w lo hi^ l.ousc. C)n our v.-^}- jn 
OW fccbli^ wimian topped him iind ihcy had ^ Iciig lall: iibo.ii her newls. 1 
soiJ 10 mvsclf. By AlLih, :hi^ is noi a king/ R^athing hLs hsm^e. he look a 
bjiher cy^hion -iXoikil wiih palm leaver; and ihrew it lo me saying, Sit on 
ihis' 1 said. -No but y.iu sit on it/ 'No. you do!' hL- insisitzd. So I sal on it, 
while \x sat on fhc gruund. 1 -^id m my^cir 'By Allah this can never he ihe 
hchsvior of a kiilg." Then Is ,said, 'Wdl 'Adiyy ihn Matim. i.ic yoi. not a 
RakQsT"?" When 1 said yes. he said, X^ \l nui ihJi yi>u uKc a quarter of 
yuuJ people!^ spoils?" [ acknowledged that, w he said, -Yet it is not allowed 
to yon in your religion." 'Sure by Allah," [ said, T iccogni?^ "ha! he wiis a 
Pii^phci SLniL by AlTah wllli a Message kTiowing what is not generally 
known. Then he ^aid. Perhaps whui resir^ins you from enibncmg ihis 
religion is the indigcnee m which ilicy are. baL by AUah. money will s«m 
now so lavL^ht> among lh*:m that ihcre will not be [empughj peopTc lo lake 
it. Perhaps ^hat resirains you from enib racing it is llial you sec their enemy 
ifi grcai in number wtnle ihcy arc few! Hnwi^vi:!. hy Allah, you will ioon 
bear ihai a woman will have imvdcd on hci camel from Al-QSditiyah to 
vish ihi> llouM.' wiihojt fear. Perhaps what rcsimm^ you from embracing it 
IS Ihut vou wc Uia[ ihc oUier*; liavc the dominion and pov-cr, but by Allah 
you will soon hear Lhal the while piUaees of Bahylon wJl have heen Ljpened 
[o Ihcm/ Then I ai:i;epied Islam,' 

'Adiyy said. 'Tiwo of the Prophet's three proplvecic? have taken pl!it:e 
iind Ihc third will surely happen. 1 saw ihe white palaces yf Biibykin laid 



op^n and \ saw ^omen imafraid lo come along from Al-Qjldisiyvah on 
camels 10 make ihe pilgrimage lo ihis House. And by Allah, ihe third will 
happen when ihs? money will Oow umjl ihcre will noi be enough people it> 
lake It" 

The Arrival of Farwah Ibn Musayk al-Muitldi 

Ibn LsljaEi said ihai Furwah ibn Musayk al-MiirSdi went to ihe Prophei 
(pbubl. leuving The kings of Kijiikh. Juii before ibe advcm of !i|am, a bailie 
cWIcd Ar-RaJiu hiid laktn place bciwccn Mur&d iind Hiiindan in which 
Miirfld losi mjiny of ii-i nwn. The icaOcr of Harod3n in ihcr bytrle wds 
Al-Ajdif ibn M^ik.'^' When Fttrwjili came (O Ilic Prophci (pbuhj, he nifccd 
him. "O fnnivjyj. nfr yifii iiiilrf^.ind or *viutt had iiappva^d to ihc ^f.opU of Ar- 
HiiM?'' He ix:pj]cd ihM such a licfcat would Lipwi mw man. The Prophet 
(phub) suid ihar Ihis, in TsIhiti. would bring his psopic good, rhcti [he 
Pruphci (pbuli) app^>imeJ biin i»\er MurOit Zubiiyd. and Madhhjj and sent 
*vitli hjm Khabd ibn Sad ibn al-'As [o coUccl alms. Kbflliii rccmiincd wuh 
him until )he death of the Prophet (pbuh}. 

The Arrival of Amr Jbn Ma'd Yakrib 
wltb a Group of Banfi Zubayd 

Wjih soijic men of Ban£i 21ubayd, ^Amr ihn Mad Yafaib wcrjt lo the 
Prophet (pbuh> and cinbniced Islam. J^cvjoualy. he had .said \o Qays ibn 
WakshQh a!-Miiradl w'h<?n Ihcy heard of the Prophei (pbuhj, "O Qoys. you 
are the head of your people, ll hajj rcacberf w^ thi*l a nun of fhe Qoray^h 
caJicd Muhanunad fron^ (he jiijib claims »o be a prapheL so take us hi hrm 
in order to rimJ out ihe (ruth. If he is a prophet as he claims, you can know 
and ibcrt we wil^ follow him. \w case he ii noi. Ilien we wiiJ know." Qnys 
declined his proposal and viitned his advke. Thcreupor \Anu* headed for 
the Prophet ipbuh) and embraced iNluni, When Qays hcanJ Ihis. he goi angry 
and menaced Amr for guing against him, (ejecting hi-s opinion. Amr 
answered tbui he ETrsi called him Co a iniiu«?r ihai i.4 plainly right, i.e, Iplam. 

t. lhnl[|DhaiiiiiuiJ>iwiuMakl[4lin MoTim il-H jmlvii *[» EoJ EMfn. 



^Amr lived «ith his people of BanO Zuba>d ^vhen FarAah ibn M^^JK 
eo^cm^d [hirm. Wlwn the Prophet [pbuh) died ^ Amr lipoiiaiizcd. 

The Arrival of Al-Ash'ath Ibn Q.ays wilh the 
Deputation of Kindah 

ftn I.haq said ihai decoding \o A/.-Zuhr? ibn Shihab, At-Ash'mh ibn 
Oavs wcn^ to iJfc Propbet wi;h eighty pcopTi? from Kinduh. He ^nicreJ lo 
him (phuh) in ih( mosaue. They had comheJ Iheir hair, blackenc J ihcir e>c^ 
wiih kohl, and ^vcre dossed m iUipcd Yemeni guimcm^ csl^^d w,ih :>>lk. 
The PropbeE fpbuh) asked Ihem whcflici ihcy had embraced bUim and ^h^-n 
ihcy SJiid liiiiT ilu'y had be a:*fc«1. "A. »'/fy " ""'^ ^-'^ ^'^^ ff^r^i^r' Tbcjy 
uuc ii off iind hurled iluway. 

Then Al-Aj.h ath ib.i Qp^ys said. "O M*:ssei^s^i *>F AHah, wc afe ihe 
children of ihc eatet of bluer bcrt.^ and so niE you.- The Prophet Iphiih) 
^tiriled and <i!.,d ihai ihis related lo APAbbus ibn 'Abdel-Muiiahb and 
Ribrah ibnul-|l;lnih. Thcv were merthimls and -whenever ihcy moved 
arounJ ^imong ibe Arabs and p^opte a^kcd ihem aboui ihcir idcniiiy, ibey 
used to say ibai ihev were cbildien of [he eaicr of bilier berths, being pToud 
of Ihw since Kindah were kings. Titer tic said io ihcni. "Nav. we Are ihc 
children of An-Naijr ibn Kiiianah. wc di> mil fallov,' our maiem^l l.ne^BO 
dcnymg our ladKris." Al-Ash'aih ibn Qays said. "H^ve ymi finished. O 
people of Kindah? By Albh. if 1 hear a man sa/ il again, 1 will giv^ him 
flighty stfokes.** 

The Arrival of iurad ibn Abdiliah al-Azdi 

Tn a depuiaiion frntn Al-Aiid. Surad ibn Abdiliaii al-A^di r^irni lo the 
Prophet [pbuh>, embraced Uiam and became; a gotyd Muslim. The Prophet 
(pbuhJ appointed him over the Muslims of his people and comm^ntled him 
to fi^l Ihe neighboiing polyihcisis torn die YenKni iiibcs. To cxcoure ihc 
ProphcEs iJoiiuiLand, Sur^d maiched mii and hailed 31 Juraiih. which wa*: 
ihen .1 closed city coiapoa*!d of mainl>- Yemeni tribes wlwin Kiilh^am hud 
joined seeldng refuge in ihdr land when they heard of ihc approach of the 



Muslimji. The MusJims besieged ihem for almDffl a mourh, *ithuur liemg 
iihJc ly t/ner. Tlius Surad reircjied us far as a mouniain known as Shakr. 
VcuiTKciiiMnsofJutuihihoughi ihai l«; liiid cscap<:J Hum ihcin m defeai, 
jio ibey wcn[ uut in pursuit. W^^;ll iIkv ciHi^ihi up with him. tte Kcp[ an 
krlJlng llicin.i^ Ufgc nuiubera. 

In diTOihi^r dcicJopncm, e?ic [>L'OpJc cf Juritsh iu^ <l[^j?JH;||L:U iwu i>r llltir 
men IH the Prophet (ptuh) in Mjidiiuih lo TihJ oui whm was iiikmg pjace. 
Being wilh :hL" Prophet (pbuhj jAer Ihc Zi'^ir pravof. he nskctJ Ihcm nhoui 
Ihe locatJoti of STiakr. Tl(f two mtn Uihl him ihjii in ihfrr counir> (here ^a5 a 

nioun(ain<;iillcdlCashr-ands<}Wa5itcaJTetlbythepcopreof Juiuiih'but be 
assured ihal if was Shakr. and tnn Kashr. "'nicn wlmi is happeTiinp ahoui JI 
now?" ihcy asked. "SuLrifici: catach of Allah are bcJng Alaufililcred by it 
ftow,"hc KllU. 

The rwo men si.i with AbQ Bakr or Xrihman who said. ''Woe to ybJiJ 
TUi' PfiiphL-i [pburi>fia.sju&imjnouiicedtoyot]ifit'ddcaLofytnjrpcopIc, 50 
gel up jnd j.sk him lo pmy io Allah lo ^auo ibem. " They did so. ami he 
ipbuhj inv<>kcd Allah k mvc iheni. AflCfw;utis, ihry wcm humc and found 

*h[if their pcopL' ivcre beultfn m the day that Surjd allocked tficm winch was 
on [Iw very diiy and ai Ihc very hoiu- at which ibe Praphei <p6uh) ^aid those 
words. 

A depufatJnn frotn hirnsh went to the Prophot (pbubl and embraced 
islam. Hi? made ii>r ilicin a ^pe\:ja| sanulunry around diL^iriottTi with dofiniie 
marks Im their hur^e^. ndni^ camels, and pJowing cow^. He nrdiincd (bar il 
was not lawful for oiher people u» use it. 

The Arrival of the Messenger of the Kings of 
Hfmyar with a Letter 

After (ho inv^^ioii of TiihDk. i messenger tami; wiih a Jeilcr from the 
king-s of JJimjur -uinouacing tlicir conversion m Jiiarn. Ihac tings were: 
AJ El^^h ibn AM Kulfik Nu'ayni ibq 'Abd KuUl dt\d An-Nu raikn of DhCl 
Ru'ayn. Ma'afir, ajiti Hfljndlto, 

Zuf ah Dhfl Ya^en dispatched Mfllik bn Muirah ar-RahJiwr lo tell him 
they liad acctpiud Iwl^m und furniikcn polyifaeism and polyihcistv The 
ProphcL fpbuh) wrote li> Ihem: 



ktt^n ftf^m Stuhcvfiimici thf M^sunKt^f of Miuiu Ih^ f'ophfi. to At- 
ihlrirh itm Abii Ku!di Wutiym itn AbiS fiulai. Anmni^\ of Dh& 
Ru iiMh Mii'afir. and hhimdtm. 
I praise Afhli (tut Whjui rAi-R* r^c *.« ^od Yvuf mfsn-n^ei- rfiir\e re us as 

ton^wd v^r Utter hjhmxm "^ <'I >^''^' airfpuiiur of hktm wul your 
bUing the pohthc'iUJi. Sw^ty Atfuh ha^ ^ui^d }'"' "''^f "*^ ^i^id^c^ <ix 
Umg as \-^v Hfl^t uiihse<mne^s. irbry MInh and His A/f.u*«^^r, .^s^ne 
pm\-^n.iHiv -l^k^t. cndgiy^ out ymr >.pi'd.K ihr Ji/ih of M^ md rhf 

Thr obU^mir\ afms m ihc bfti^vt-ys are fM bf niven *»'r as fnftms): 
from fofiJ^atillK-ofwhai ii nxiierai hy nelts tirul f<iiiu atuf half of a 
rilhr ofwh;it is liuttred by bui-ktrs; a .wji/'J^ .shfcwnr! {hmt Uthm ) ix so 
he pvi^n oiirforfvciyjariy lameh: a y<ttm nuite >a»\ct film iaf'iiu}for 
every thirty citmthl a sheep for ofrveri^fivfi:w}tfis.f''''^he<p for ^ycry 

jglt cameli: a 0"\ Jos vvt-ry fort\i:ows; a yt'wn hdl wht:h rt^fipt'^U'd 
0i,t c>r is^o ytVAV ^jf^gi- ttabV jaJhn' ). or « y^ui,iff «m. ^Khii^hii^mpkled 
.fv«j yfars uf agf fjudh^^tM utvt a itieepfor i-vcr\' Jutry sluep ui paS' 
liiM. This is Hfe/J Altali lun obh^aKtJ on the beiii-vrn a'tfemms atmt. 
He vho girex liore ithan ihiit ma of; goodnrts. It ft ^oinifor him. at\d he 
vha,peifiirmit thh. T^^fiftei his \€ftr\ven\i»\ to} Isiam, and :ntpif^ris the 
beUe^'en onainat die {>oIytfie\sis. is one of the beiiewn: he h rtr he s*^-en 
their nghts and tixkvd ro fulftti their duUes antlheiai^o s*^ffifilee ef 
prominmfroHi Af/a/ianJ Ha AfctWts^'i 

J/a Je'v or a Christian epibttces hlofji. tbfit he is one of the bdievm: 
he is to be ^ffeti thtir nghs and asked ro JoifiH their ihaie.i. lie ^fttt 
cUns' ro tth reli'sbm, Jiidaom vr ain3iUiJ\iry. not ctf^xvrih,^. shall n/ir 
br nhiitted til Icaiv it. tir: hrtnHUpayjizvah.fprevi-notiull. maieaife- 
tmilir. /fi-H oi-.-ih!vr. one futl dinar itiUitlntt^i on rhe viditiiiiMi ofMi'ii^r^^^ 
orila eijnivntrnt in elathey. He ^vho pays. Itmi to the Mesxen^er&f Athh 
ijdndO i/ail! luiiV CI fjuaronue of fir'iietlkfn jrom Atlah and Hii Messenti'r, 
nntJ he h liff doex mt pay it vhitU be lui menty ofAlhi\ luui His VleSscfii^er. 



[ YciKfni lIlMIjtS 



The MfSiPnger qfMt/rk Mufiamnuui thf Pmpries. W stnr to Ziirah 
Dhu Yo^n: Wket^ my meaai^eis arrive to vatt I conuwitJ ihem so your 
gftod o^cey. Theses are MsiMh ibn Jobai. AhJullah ihn ZayJ. mUk 
ihn Vbddch, Vqbah \hn Naniir, and Malik ibti Morrah. and rAor am- 
puimmi. Cijlffci the tliie :/tk4di orul )izyfiit /nim ymr rernlOfifMiitii de- 
■/(v^r fhrm r^ «.y ni^jjenscrj »hoif tetiilcr i-i Mu'Mi ibn Jal>al ami U-! 
him flfW fvntrn u/dr^j^ hr «- sofisf^-d. Muha^m<jd te:^nji6^ ihai iliev f.v no 
W hsij Atkih and ihnj he a Ih's itirvOitl aiut MtfKifpgfr. 

M/iUk dm hfurrah or ffnftmf furs reiamuird la me T/mt yvu were ftrrm 
autmp. the fir\t aftUmynr to rmhrare hi€irr\ and hive a/ou. fAc poivihe- 
ISls. .10 /« i-heirrfiii / iirder you lit iffnt Himyar wfU. and noi ra heiray 
or/jrsitke \mr unvdter. for ihc Me^srnj^er ofAihh ix the putron of hoik 
your poor und ridi Vm rdm ,tie m»r Un^^n! 10 ^fukrninkid or Jjej hrnMrhtM: 
iheyarr zaknh thai « to itepv^n !q die poor Mmims wid iht wayjanr^ 

kfntrk hn£ (Kinwy^d the news imJ kepi seurer wltuf !$ i:ftnfidi-niiiit. tjinl I 
arder v^u to Ireur him vk-ell. i have dii/miched to mu .)onK of the b^si of my 
peofde. both ill ttdifpm ami i/i huiwtalj^e. oiut I onliv ymi U' trrm fhem well. 
prrhcymnnbeiesprctcd P'fittaindAltdi'sinfnp.uiidtJe^iirtjjiht'iipimyt'v.'" 

The Advice of the Prophet (pbuh) to Mu adh when 

Sending him To Yemen 

Ibn JibiitJi^diharAbdunaiiibiiAMBaluloJdhimihat hewasioItlThal 
wb<?o the l^rophct (pbuht sent Mu'Adh (10 Ycmcit) he ^uvc him advkc -inU 
iasiruclions saying. "Deal tn-uh people) n-rt/i Mie. and noi with difficulty; h^ of 
gootl kean fvith people) and do nal disheurlai (ihi^l, YiHidregaing tn a pmpte 
fmm amons the People of the Book who wndd ink wm 'What is ihe key afhuoven?' 
vixtty-'Uisio testify diaf i^isre h tn> z<xi b\it Mtah. alone with no partner'" 

Band Al-aanth ibn Ka b Embrace Islam by the 
Hands of KhAlid ibnul-Wahd 

The Mes,wnger of Allah (pbuhT sent Khalid ibnu|-Wa]id in rhe manlb i>f 
Rabrul-Akhir or Jumfidfl d-LTIil, 10 AH lo Danti Al-Uiijilh ibn Ka b in 



Najran. He ordered hitn to caM ihcm to Islam three day?; prior to any 
rig>iUTig In liic t-asc thiii rlioy became Muslims, he should atvcpi it f™m 
iheir, whiit if ihcy refu-icd. he should Hg^i Ihem. 

Khfllid maichcd out lo iJiem. diffusing convoys in every direchon lo L'all 
rhc people 10 Isiam. wying- "O people, embrace Uam andyou will be sufe;^ 
So people atccpicd hlam. According lo the ordcfs of ihe Prophet ipbuh) tn 
tase Ihey embraced Islyrn and did not fighl. Khalid stiiyed with them lo 
icach ihcm Islaniic teathings, the Boot of Mah, ami Ujc Surmah of His 
ftophc* (pbuh)H 

Then Khalid wrote to (he Pmpliel fpbuh^: 

"In [he name of Allnh, Ihe Mo^t-McrcifuL the Ever-Merciful- (TIhs is a 
Idler) to Muhaminad ihe Propbet And the Mc^iinger of Allah (phuHl- from 
KJfalid ibnul-Walid- Peaec he upon you, O Messenger i»f Allah, and Allah's 
mercy and blessings. Praist Sc to Atliih bui Whom ibere is no goJ. O 
Meswnficr of Allah (phuh), you seni me lo BanO AT-Har'd' ibn Ka'b. 
comnianding mc on Teaching ihiim not In fight Ihem for three days, to call 
Lhom Tplpibm, and lo remain with ihera if tlwycmbrBce U. and to accept it 
from them iind leich ihcm the ic^ichings oruiam. the Boot of Allah, and the 
Sunnah of Hh Prt^hct: and in case they do not submii. 1 should fight rhem. 
J went to ihem, invited ihcm to Islam for three days as ordained by iJie 
Mtssse^iger of AllJh (pbuh). and ! sent convoys aniottg ihcm faying. 'O BanQ 
Al-aarilh, cmhi3Lc blam and you will be safe'. They acct^lcd it withoLU 
fighting and 1 remained among diem oonimanding and fart^idding ihem 
Kcording la \WaWti CommunJmcnts and FVohibitions, and edu^^Jtiog them 
Ihe Islamic (caehiog^ and Ihe Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuhV And. peace be 
Upon you, O Messenger of Allah, and Allah's mercy and hlei.tin£," 

The Propl^ei (pbuh) wrote to him: 

■7n i/ir 'wrnr ff MU'U, ihf Mmt -Merciful, th^ Evfr-MercifuL (7hh is a 
telteri fmit ^'ft,^<^^mmltd the Pro/ffipr am! ihr AfftfScn^cT fl/ Atiah. la 
Khalid ihnul-WaiiiJ. f'dnce (ffAlUif\ bf upon you. Prcise be so AHnh hui 
Whoti\ thf rf is no ffttd I rgcriyrd your tttler fmm war me^sf^gcr in- 
fofmh\R me thai Bon't Al-Hahth ihn Ka^h fitive embracrd Isfam ^iifwul 
MhtiKg. rexpoiuied to {ihr lenrhinxi of) hUstif ihat \nu callfd ihem for 
uxi^rd Ihai Ihcre ti no god bar Mlah and itvis kiuktmmmS h ffh Mr- 



wm tirui mei^st'iijU'r. dndihot Aifrih fiaz ^uidt-.f ihfm uiVft fit! ^uidanr-f 
fff> ihf Ri^ht PaM So prmniM- ihcm (the HfKiei lonseqiien^e 0/ iheir 
wo/kl f!mi »'am them {iifiaM.^t the cvH affti.iohfdieact^niu! rht fiicK and 
Con\c »ifh a dcpitiatum fnim ih^'in. A/\J. peace ufui Attiili'^ me/ty and 
tftessiij;^ he upim ytnt^ " 

Thus KlialiJ arr^L'd lo ihc Proplrt:! (phuh) ujih ihc depmaiiim of Banu 
AJ-ii^nthn nmong whom wt^rc: Qjys ibnuT-Hu^iiyii Dhul-Ghussoh, Yazld 
ibn AtKkl-MiHldii, Yuj-.id ihnul-Muhajjal, ^AtiduHilU ihn QurSd fl/-Zi>adi, 

StMdcJad ibn ■ AtKMtUi ikf-QimM, and An^ 

Gn ,i^ing Wicm coming, flic Prophet fphuh) asked, ''lVAc> ori- ?frfje peopU 
»fTi' hok likt- lUf pten ifj huiinT Stimeune answered ihm Jhey were BanO 
xM-HSrith ihn K.i"b. After ^reeling ihe ProplicL ipbuhf. ihcy ^aiJ, "Wc bear 
wiinc':^ ih;n you are ihe Messenger oi' Allah imd ili:i( ihcrv i^ no gpd but 
Alluh." He also ^d, 'Atidibeur ^vUuvst that then' u tm Riiihui AiUiU arif shur I 
am tfii- Mir.i^ennet of AKah." 'niru he (pbuh) added. "Are ym ihc people who 
advanec if tiie> aif driven fli^ay?" None of Ihcm answered. He repealed ibt^ 
question Ihroc limes and none answered. When Iw said il for (he fotmh nii>e 
Ya/td ibn "Abdcl-M.^dan saul ihi^I ihey were thoK people aad rtpeatcd his 
uiijiwcr iout ii[]ies- Ttic ProplR:[ {phulM Mud, " if Khdiunmhitn wnttcij 10 me 
thatyiiit ir^ i-inhmtfil Isla/n withttui fiahiirm^ I nouU li^vc ihi-onm vtmr htiuh bc- 
neiirh yiiur ffci.' Va/.id replied. "Rm, by Altjh, wc do noi praise you niir 
KhQlicL" 'Then whiwi dir you prtihe'" he iisked. Ifc said, "ft'c pnii^e Allah 
Who has ^ided us wUh you. O Messenger of Allah." 'Yoii are n^hi." he 
Ipbulil said. Then be asked. ''i/ou *f^ \-im tver drfi-tn slume whoffJUghi -win in 
tU< ptehtiiimt^ pi'fiod?" "Wc never dcfeaced anyone-" was Uwir answer. "Na\. 
hill vfu U-wl m vainfiiliJi thoir ivhtr fouf-hi you." h^ said. They replied, "O 
Messenger of AJhih, ve ti.scd to vamjui.ih thtise who foyghi us beciiuse w^e 
were l(j eamc logeiher and never dLiunilcd, and nor were wc (he firsl 10 do 
injustice." He soid/Tm jjw n"jA// 

"Rie Pfyphe[ (pbiih) appoinied Oays ibnul-tlu£ayn over thera. The 
deptiuuon wcm jjome al ihc cniJ of ShavTAal or ^\ the beginning of 
Dhul-Qadith, Only four nion!h?i hJid passed after rhdr return, wlicn ihc 
Pmphei Jpbuhl dicj Ato Ifieir departure, ihi" Prophet (phuh) Sent to them 
'Ainr il>n Haisti to insiruci ihcm m religion, the Sunnati, and Ihc teachings 

— cs>— 



oIlRlam as wcW as iti ccillcci ZntfJ/i from ihem- He wnrte a Idler for him in 
which \k pave insinicEions and commands i^ follows; 

vititiniKU. iThn irl a cinvritmi fwm f'fuhnmmaiS the Prttphel, the Afr.i- 
srnger of Aihk If ^Amr ibn Bstah \vhm h- Imi,-> dixf^nitetl to Ytum. 
fie ffJeri him u> if ci»iif:ii>Hi ofAlfnh in nU agiiin. for fur^y Allah is 
with ttwsf wh*f tire io».\(ioiPi of Wii" and Aho me gmultiixrji. He or- 
ders him W hehav*^ wuli TrMii 11.^ Aitali hits t:wnm,miliii htm. if pnimine 
people ^ooil rutins^. ii> nt/nmuiut ihein nffofhtv the i\g,ht. to lemh ami 
iiitiruL-i pift>plr HI the Qvr'tAit, uml ttt pmtiihtl !fi0n Jri>n\ j/tM-hinn iht 
Qur'an iinlest pur*-. He .^hou//l J^J pri'plf ium^ rheir righti and dunes 
tii\ii he ifn\enl to them Ut the ri^h unit sevtir in injasurr. Jar Allali hates 
injustice and tas prohibited it. .ujyittg. "The Cttne of AUab in ita the 
^^tirniiH ipi'tyrh^iiti itiui wnuiydfvn, ercJ"^^* He shouiil xrvv people 
the fiOfjd tidings of Paradise and rhe way tn epier \t. and ntirft then' of 
heU and the ^ny IP tl. tie shttiifd get fainttiiirizeii witU petrpte w livat 
thev may tnidersmtxd religion, lie sf'ould iciich i/irm ihr n«A. viiUinmry 
actf. tmJ uhhuattorifi /jJ pitgri'toge. /tnif what Alkdt Itia nvnniimdeti 
fc^^mning ill hinh the nrpfirer jiUffrinuige tvid Ihe le^er pHarirtiu^e 
which i^ ^Umrah. He ^iUld prof lifiit p*.yipl^ frein perfomiiifi prayeis in 
-one ioiati picc^ /tfclmhins unfes^ its edges tire fi/hled met the .Klwufdfm. 
fFf?rn i^ifiiaJiing in onr' dress whuh eijiose^ tH^ir privmt pttrli lo open 
iiir, andfrinn imiidin^ the iiuir of their heads a! the fweks of the neih. 

ti\ the tuif ihvt li ih^put^ ocrarJ hen^-een men. he shauhtforffid ihem tif 
resari to :nhei and fandiye.y ami let them appeal tf Mlttix. ahixe ^v\tl\ no 
tjisotiine. Thoxe tvho do not appeal to Allah hui ra:her to rrit'ex ontl 
families nhouid be xiruck vnrh the si'-oni iinid thar appraf a tn Atkih. 
uUme with no nxsiHime- 

fie sltflidd eomitmiul men fr' prtfafm rthltttims well by woshinjf their, 

faces. Iheir hmuis to the dhes^-s. and iheirjeer lo rhe ankles, and by rtibf-. 

hm^ ffrv passinii: n-n hands over) ihfir hmdi. lO^ Allah has ordered- He 

ihi'iiU tt'i'iii'^irJ ih.m t<- ifbte'^f: prayers ai ih^it des'S'taied tiiw^ ifilh 



I- Siimtii^-i '4!- ^'cu*.-*'. 

—-^7) 



fittl bowing, pmsimtjan. anJ vfneraliart. ami that (the Fair) prayer is w 

hf jrerfom^d at Jifybrcak. ithif Zuhr prayer} ar niutn ivhen the iun tle- 

cllnri, thf A^r prayer in thr iifii'n\oim when ihtr sim h descatdms;. the 

Ma^hrih prayrr with the appmivh ftj ihe nifihf, Hiihoitt tifiaying ii vmiJ 

the iitirs offptarin t/\£ sky. midrhe tsM' prmrcr (ii to he Offered} airhe 

.hfiginning af ihr nigtii. He .ihnii/t^ ortler pevpir lo run ic {petfomt} ifjc 

JuBiu'ah prayer »hen iht t-af! u proclaimed for it. wtd in ftjftf a buihli£- 

forr: Roing to fptrfarrti} ir. Mc xhoiiU ahir u\kf llie Jifih of Alltih out af 

thr booty. 

7^e iilaiA I'hii-h ufc fi'ligaitiry on ihe iKiieivrt are {lo be given our as 
foltu^-s}: /rtuu latuf. H lirht of vfiar in ufifFwJ fr^ ^vffh anA ram. and 
baifofu tiiHcnfwhat h waicrird by hucktis: two sheep eirf ur ht ^iven 
out for every \i-n iumels; ftiur \hetp for evfry iweaty cumets; a (owfor 
every forty <^ws: a yoim^ bull, which iompleted tu\f tir rno ymrs o/age 
(tabV jadha't. orayoim^ tew, which comptcred jvn v^ars ufa^e ijad- 
ha'ufi). far fvery ittiny co^s-£. arid ti ihffp for fvtry forty sheep ai fas- 
lurt. Viis IS nhar Allak t^i ifblifiuttd on the frplicvcrs loncerniag n/ntl, 
He who girex mifre (that thjs ot*t of) gomincss. n ij g^/fnt/or him. 

A Jrv <7r a Cfsristtiin n-hc embnu^s htnni iincerely oj his ami fife wili 
a/idtjbc} fftic iitiiruLfiiHis iff) the reUgitfii of h!am ii our ofihehehev- 
ers: he is ro be sivtrn ihrir rights and <isked f/r fiti/ilt ihrir duties. He t^ho 
difi£3 to his religion. Jxidnism or ChFixliumly. rxol cniwerniig, shuU not 
he obliged lo leave ir fBuT} aeir tididi. mule or female, fr^e or slave, 
ihould pay ntie fiilt dinar nr rrv eqmvalem in chrhps. He «'/iw pays that 
rhail have a guanaitee. ^fprolceiimfnm Allah and Hia Me^ismger. tmii 
He vho does r\nt ikiv ti st>all be ofi enemy of Allah. His Messenger, and 
all '.he bfluvers. May the prayers of .Vlah i?e u/wa Muhammad, and. 
pe/u.-e he K/nni Himniid Alltiii.t fiiertiatid htesjiOfiS." 

Th« Two Liars: Musaylimah al-Hanafi 
and Al-Aswad al-'Ansi 

According lu [bn Isliaq, during Qic era of Hk Prophci (pbuli). two 
fljch lairs appcj/cd. nanicly, Mu.s*ijlimah iba Mubib in Tymamab omon^ 

— © — 



BanO Banish, and Al^A^wad ibn Ka^b ul^'Ari!!! in San^a', AbQ Satd 
al-KhnUri reponerf th^i liv Kcard iIk Mi^ssengcr of Allah fpbah) whjic 
<JdivtTins 11 speech from his pulpit saying, "0 p^f?pl^. t .^cr^v rJr^ m^/w o/A/- 

piT^/r flwri l//^'r / was Wilde lo forget il. i hg^^ on my armi t»o hni^»Jii.'tJ nj goid 
which t haifd io I t>lr^^ thim and ihi^ ^tw mi^v, / int^rpr^mf them u? rt/rr to 
jheseuvoarrh'Vmrs. the onffr<>m)'e'r}>ri\imd the im^- from AUViimw'i^^^^^ 

It is narraieJ ihui Abj Hurjyrah said he heard i\K Messenger of Allah 
{pbuhJ >iaying, 'Tiie Htmr wttii\i>t com^ Iiefort riiiny ttappnon eiwrg;^: nadi nrV/ 
daim propHeUxood, " 

Sending 2afcdJa- collectors 

The rVophei ipbuh) iV^ad oul lii^ represenfnlivr^^ lo the laml^ of Islam 
■0 colltjci Z^jt^/i. Hi: dispaii:»wd Al-Muhajit ibn Abi Umayy^ili :u *jan'u', 
1 ncre Al-'Ans? rose against him while heing ihi^K. Ziyid ibn Labid, the 
brother uF B^ru BaySdah aJ-Ansari. was tiail lo Hiil^ania'A''- ^Adiyy ibn 
Hailm "-as put in cliarge of the alra^ of layyi" and BiinCi A>ad- M^lik ibn 
Nuwayrah was It? collect alms fmm Banu iiflnzalah. Tlic coUctlion uf alnii 
fttvmUhnG Sa J w^JidivkkdhcLWccn two men frumihem, namely. Zihnqan 
ilm Badf in nnt urea anJ Qays ibn Asim on annther Al-'Ala' ibti 
al-Kadrami was sent to B^htain. wliilc 'Art ibn Abi T^Ub WAS RCni lo ibe 
people of Najrin. lo collcci bi3lh Sr^r amiyi7,vo/i. 

The Letter of Musaylimah 
and the Prophet's Answer 

:Muiaylimah ibn Habib wrorc ii) the Propliet <pbnh>; 

'■"rniis is a leiicr) fioin Musaylim.ih, ih.: Mcs^nger of Allah, to 
Mahainmad, Ilic Messenger of Allah. Pcwc? be upon you. I hive been mudc 
lo ussotiaic with yoii m the: mattcrn.c, pmplieihood and the Mission). To us 
belongs half The I'antl and 10 ibc Qiirjysh ihe oihcr l>alf. but ihc Quraysh aic 
aggressors." Two inessoagcfs carried ihis letter lo lum [pbuh). 



ibn hh^ii said rhji an oid man from AsTija' fold him from SaJrtimh ihn 
Nu-aym ihn Mas'Qa aUAsbjiri from his father Nu'^iym. that ihe Mier heaid 
(be Moist-n^i^T of AHiih ipbuh) saying lo [ficm lUic ti*-o mcihcngers) witeo 
he read Uk Icuur, "T-fn m^, nto ilo \m rhink nbtiui HT" They replied ihat [hey 
Thiju^hirht .samca-sMuafjyJimah. ikipbuhf said, "/iy Allah, nerf ,t itifUhai 
/nfiif-nsfrx «r*- noi W fc*' rA^rfl. / v^ffnU hi^v cui afi th^ heads of y„u bt^ihr Tht:n 

he wTiili? lo Mii.^:iy!jntyh 

'Vii j-^f M-BHc if/M!ali. the M(iK\-Mcn-iful list- Hvtr-MernfiU. tJiiis ii a 
ientrr^/rcut Mfihamtmui. the M^K^-nj-rr iff Alhih. w MyM\thu>\h the liur^ 
Praci- bt' \ipttn hm v^im /nthixtr r/tf tl'^uLntrf. Vrn'Iy. iha eauh is At- 
iah'y He fivvs iJ (I.1 a hm'uRc to whotn He \MiU of liin aiuvts. and rh/^ 

Thii* took pliiL'c ai the end of the icQlh year AtL 

The Farewell Pilgrimage 

Ar Ifie he^ijininiJ of DhdNQ^'Juh \hc Pr.jpheJ jpbiihl he^nn to prepare 
for llie piljiriiTiiigc and crrdcred Ihe people to also prepare for ii. \t wa-, the 
[vtijuy-fifih of Dhu]-Qa"diih when ihc Pn>phci (phuh) worn mn lo perform 
pfrgrimiige.'' He performed pjJgnmage, reaching the pctiple its riiuali? Mnd 
iiiMrutiions, He delivcR'U a spceeli in uhich he clanFicd many inipoilunl 
maners. Af[cr praising and citidiing Albh. lie said, 

"a people! Li^pn to my vvord-s. Jot t do nfil htow whether I wHl ever 
met^ymt in this place ajter thtx year, O people! Surely, your blood ami 
prttpctiy ii*e iiwuiiahh unrif wii mrei wMir Lonl, a.\ rhe iitvinfaftilify eif 
ihi.\ Jliiy mui ikis utofirh. You ^i!i surely nt^ct \our Lard Wht niti axk 
yoit allDiit yiiur {Ifed.t. /, Aove pmrJnimf^ ta yf"' frJie M^j.-sof^/'i. He who 
hasu Inut^ ies /iim resiare it w him whiJ has enrmweil hint with ir. A/I 
kiiiiii of ribd are miihfied. ami tmh you have a ri^hr to yoiit f/jpiTat^ 
wiiimtt being unfi'U at ethers itein^ lUijiist lo \<Ji>. AUah hm tUrrted 
llsai there li tui I ifyl and sttreiy the tntite ribti of AW Ahbfis iht Whdet- 
Mui^tih if aboll5f\e± Evtry tight permimng lo hfoodshed in the period 
BfiStJanUiiv iprt-lilami ii €thrti.\ht^il aiid ihe Jirm such n/ihl f ahatish is 






that <f/II"i Kohrah'^' ibnut-ii^rHh ihn AhM-W'im^ih. ■ Ue w-as spfi m 
/w xiirkteAin Haitit Ijiyih *^hei\ Hit^iafi killed tinfi. ■ It is ihejtr^t lix^I I 
siiifi n'lrh oi pcnijiHiriK to the penod vf ifinnrintct' 

O pftrph-f S^rrrf ^n.i ^eapairtJ flf ever heirrg wnr^hippcd m yr^ur land 
hui h^ it pUajii^d as hits ^« hi' i^m hf nhryfd iit anytime nrher than 
n-i,nhip. tfUimrh} things which vnu ihlnk of to be of iitdt Hicouur 
lunoiig wufdiftdir Sf? henareofhim (lesl he cotru/n \f)ur hfthfin} ymr 
T,-UiiioTi. O {leijple! The fwiipfnrng (vfa SuL-r^ii Mi"Uh} fi sndeed an tui- 
dittim ro ilrs/ieiiffi therrby thd disbelievers arc h^d ostrtty. for ihey make 
it hnfiil onf vatr andfarhtd \i unoiher yeio in ardtr ro Qd}iVil the nuni- 
bft /if fiio/ilhs priiiddeiJ liv Aitiili. iinii make siuii /othifld*^ (wici Unvful 
iliidfiiihUi n-lua ^iUih huf nfodv kiyyful. Ttttte has reachi'd in full cycU. 
tut il did tm die doy ivh^n Ailtih i-r™/«/ di^ kaivrrti and tiif eiirih. Vm- 
iy. die iturtiher iif Hionitis ^^iihAliidi ii r»-fh-e months t in n \eat\{i^them 
ioiir are Sacred. <ifn-hi<-h ditee are .iutcesjive wiJ Hajtih t>f Miidar^ \ 
n'hich ii Jrfi'n ern JuitliiJii undSiiti'bi'jit. 

O /j^trpft'' Yfnt hnif ^isil1^ mcr ymr uiv« and thcv hatm nghif tiv^r 
vf,!i. Vent hive ihi' nuiii duir thfy ih i\oi rake as a friend iin\ vnr du» ym 
dp not npprttvf. mifi liutJ Ihry do nt't ,"onmi n-id^nt trhi<^ei\iry- If thfV do 
JO, AHiiti permits \(iit lo <almonish dirm. di-it^rr dietn tn Sfpurjifr rooms, 
or rj> hear ihtm but wiihimi ievtriry. ij ilipy ct^tise fro do it>i. rhe'.- hcve 
the rif^hi in pnivhion unil rlinhiitfi ^viili /■iiutnns. Yetu ttre rij/u'wd lo 
irenl n-inrirn kindh; fer difv art captives in yritir Itffndi and h^Iptrss^ 
You hrive mken th^m 'inly at it inisi fnm Mitik 'jrJ. lU^it privorr ;hirri 
are lavtfuttttyau by ihe nvrd of AikiH. 

O pcMplf^ Br heedfid of tny viords. for I Am-t pradnimsd tif you frhe 
I'tessafiP). t tujve mdrdd Icfi whh you thai if ynu tinid ftisr ta. y^ili W'/V/ 
nri-rr lie niir.li'ii. an evidmr Ordi'uivri-. ifir BtsiK <'f Mlnh ntiJ rlie Sun- 
ijtih iif Hii Pi-ophi^r. pcopd'.' Listen to luy uord^ and nmkisuind if. 
You surriyknvy rhar a Mushn im hrodierio u Muslim, undrhar Mus- 
iims iiff hrotti^rs, fifitre, it w prttidbittd tlioT a ram takes fi-oni his 



1 The Pmphfli 1 phih) *dUfil RiiJ-b !> MBdu |Wi'M« the^ *™ ^ ""ily 1^"** ^^^^ 



— <3' 



hrffth/'T tmyihin^ iavr \vhat he has jiiuek apptuvianh, so Ho nwf be un- 

|[ wa^ sdid ihai llic people said, "0 Allah, yes/' Then tbe Prophoi ipbuhj 
saJti "0 AIiaI\. bear y^-iittavs" 

UsSmah ibn Zayd Is Sent to Palestine 

Afler ratuming ftom (he pilgrimOEe. (he Prophel f pbuh) speril the rcsi nf 
DhuNHijjah. Mufcanum. and Sat'ar in Madinuh. He sent at cxpcdnion lo 
Syria under the leadership of Usi^mah ihn ZiiyJ jIjij Uiirilhah, mawli He 
iosuuc<cd lum lo lake hi'* cavalry iniij ihc icnitury of Al-Bsiq^' and 
Ad-Dariim m Pulcitme, The Muslims were prtparcd and all ihe fliil 
MuhJiiinin ioitietl Us^mah. 

Thp Prophet (pbuh) Sends Envoys to the Kings 

\bn Hicham smd ihai [he Prophei tpbuh) scnr ^omc offtis Companions as 
tnvpyiwiTh leUeis lo the kings calling *hem to [slum, Ibn Hi'.hdm nisosaid 
dial Abil Baki aJ-lIiKihat? iaid^ 1 heiird thai ihc Prophet (pbuhl wtnt oul 
one d^iv alter ihe 'Umrah whith he had been refrained from pi^rfomnne on 
ihe Diiy of Al-liudiivbiyah, and said <) people. Allah hns iuftly sent me <ii a 

merv^ iv ihc nht/le f u/ rnnnkinttl. mi dd 'lol dijjcr mri^iig ^lursciuc-S iihoul mr. ax 
diif ihr di.taphs oj'ho ibis Muryitm alwur furn-'Tbe CoiiLpanions a^kcd. ''How 
wa-i [he diiciplcfi" difference. O Meij;i;ni;er of Allah''' He iphuhf aiiswi^red. 
7/c invited theiir ro ffiiii whith I fiviif invil^d ytru U>. Thuve kAp At-re smi una near 
/nisisnii iveff ptcn.iat. ivhUe /Aff,*f "7iq wcrtr sfiutm a jay mi.wiim werf dt.^plFitsed 
and ^hawed fieiiradon. "/w camphinrd to Alfah. sn every tmr oj th'sr *ho had 
shov^n hesimiitm noke upthd nt'Xi murnia^ ipetiking fhr hnsii^&c of (he peopU la 
vthtnn ihey tycresuPi. '" 

TTic Prophci (pbuhj seni ihe foJli>wing envoys wjlil leliers li> He 
fi>TlDwnjg kingi. calling ihem w Islam: 

-iDiiLvah ibn KbaJifali aJ-Kjilbj lo Cae^^^r. the Human Empemr: 

-"AlKlulJah ilj5Hudhal'4itoChosrae5»lhe king of Persia; 



= *Amr ibn EJmavyah ad-Damn to M^jpfti^e king of Abyss'ima: 
iiSiib ibn AbiBalia'ah to Muqawq^s. ihe ting of Alexandna: 

- '^Aoiir. ibnul'^As as-Sahmt to Jayfar and 'lyatlh, ihe sojis of Al-Julan^a 

- Salii ibn Amr, one of ttic sons of 'imir ihn Lu'ayy, m> Thura3niah ibn 

UmftJ and liawtUiati itm AIT, from Bmiii Uamfiili, ihc i^o kings of 
AI-YamSmahi 

- AI-'Alfl' ibnul-H^diflnl? U* AL-MundMr iba Siwfl al-'Abdl, the king of 

- Sfiujfl ibn Wahb a[-Asad? to A]-Hariih ibn AbT Shamir ai-Ghassaai. the 

king^^f ihc Synaa btjjJcrs. 

Ibn Hisnam said Thai ii was he who gave ihc lineygc of S^aViL 
TtiLimainah. Hawdhiili, aid AI-Miajdhir. 

According to Km \^h^. YaifiiJ ibn Abl tlatiib al-Mixrl said thai he found 
a document mtnuonmg Ihosc v-hr^ were .scni by tbc Piophci tpbuhl to [he 
Arab and non-Arab ctiuninfls and kings. :is- well m what he said Jo hi>: 
Companior^s on ';cnding ihcm, I showed i[ to Muhammad Jbn ShihSb 
ai-Zuhri who recognized il Ii conmined a version :hat th^ Prophet (pbxdi) 
addressed his cotripanioni saying, "Alhh Itas mreiy .^cns me as a tneniy to the 
white iof'mnkimii. io n'presi^nt mij {in Da^wak) in tirdgr to get AlUit's mercy and 
do nni differ amung yourselves about tne aji did ihf disdpks aj'hd ihn fdaryam 
ahftur htm." The Companionii iiited, "How was ibi: disciples' diffcicnL-c, O 

Mcw^agcr of Allah?" lie <pbuh> answucd. Hr invited them i/r d\al ^-hich I 
tuiiv invited von l/>- TJtere w/^p i^-err assifiHcJ iji*r a miisi/m^ in a near di.Ktanct 
^ve^^r mnitmr nrtd arceplfd. ulsiir thme wtut nrrr a.^^ittned U* <i /ur di\taRi',f lliS' 
iiked itat\d t^fu.vd. ^h& cmfipiamtd ahoi\\ tlam lo Allak saihfy w&ke wfi thf leit 
mflirmn jpifiiAiirt /Af tannuiigt of the people ta wfufm thrf yvercs^L " 

Ihn lsha(ii»aid Ihallhe disclplci andthiAC who followed Ibem «,hom *Isa 
ibn Maryamsemtlii-oughihe land were as fo] lows: 

- BuiniT, ihc distiple and with iliin BilUs wlio was a follows, and not a 

disciple, UJ RQmijyah; 

- tniM'i!: and MahlS in Iho !and of ihe cannibals: 



■ TflmusrothelBndflfBabdofifieOjienu 
' Ffibas !o Ciinaj-e: 

- YuiiiinijaiHoEpheMJi. ihf town ufliw yimng menoflin; Cave; 

- 'f n*tidba*Hfi Jenjsdicm; 

- Ihn TEiainin lo Arabia, ndtncly in Ifis lund ofiiija/. iintlSimur toihelanJ 

of trie BcfbuR: 

- Yahudh£i, whn wa* iioi a disttplc. rrplaced Yudls. 

The Last Expedition 

Atci^rding to [bTi Jsifiij. ihf Prophet (pbuhi serii l]siimuh ihn Z;iyd ibn 
BSrilh^h lo Syria, coinmandiug him K» lake fii^ cavalry into IItc barU\:i7* of 
Al-Bulqa anJ AtJ-DStum in Pale^iinc. Tli.* Muslims were prepared and all 
Ihe EirsI MubQJiriln joititil [ sunuh. 



The Beginning of the Prophet's Last Illness 

lb[i Isiifiq said ihnT undcT such ciruu instances, the Pmphel [pbiih) began 
TO fed ilL luid ii w^ that illness wiih which Allah look him 10 what He liad 
decreed for him of huniM' and mcicy. I[ wa^ in laic &ifiu or in tariy 
R^bVnI-Aw*al. His illness suiritd when he wjs went out lo Ba^V 
al-Ghdrqatf"Jn r.hc middle oflhemghi, where lie asked AllaJis forgiveness 

for Ihc Muslim dead, men he wem hamc. His ailrnciK began in ihc iiioming. 

AbO Mu^ayhjbah. a awtti of ihe PrcpheT (plnihl, snid. "In Ihc middle 
of Ihc nighi Ihc Prt>phel iphuh I MinmifHicd mc and said, O /\ffi' muwmhibnh, 

I t\avr rnftifii tut orthr m tiikfi'rsivtnos/or itie Jraii ir* A!-8iiqt', so rttmc -^v^itb 
ra*/Thus, 1 weni ^silh him uTiiil he ^tood iimidsi them suying. Pmre hi- uptm 
yau. O tesifi^nts />/ rhr ^rmw.': Ctwjrritr arc w*ij with yfiur condition rhiui pi^opti^ 
her^. us fitun^-* are loirnufi tiU fht \imvy t'f i!tc liu-tky iiii;ht. ihz tasi foUowng thv 
fi/sL amJiht Uisi is ^orse than the finer. ' Then he looked ai me and -said, 'O Ahd 
M\iwayhibufi. t ^^as given ti\f kf}<s of ihc trffOitirtfs of the woiU liiui ptrpgiuaium in 
it. thm Piirtiili^e. n/ni I H'ni muU to choose benv££ii Sftaj and m/eiipg my tAiriS 
ami fnradixF. ' I sug§C^ted. Takt ihc keys of llje licaiurci* uf the world and 
peqjcliralion iii it. lhc« Piuadiw'. bul Iw add, So. hy Allah. O Abu Mu- 
y^ayhiliult. I liavtr chrisert the mc^/irn t'f 'ny Lord aiut Ptirp/ticK He Jinked 

forgiveness forihe dead in Al-B:iqr and left. Then he siancd I*.* suffer from 
Ihc iJlne'is thrcugh which Altuh L*vc!nioally look him. 

'A'iithah (ntJiy Alljih be pltui^xl with her) iijiid, "RciUFmDe from \\k 
Eiaveyard, ihc Prophel 4pbuhJ found me suffering from a severe headache 
and I was saying, 'O my headV He said, Jr ii me, hy Mink, O ".4 '1,1^111/1, fwiio 
says.) O m>- head!' Then he ^aid. '\^'hai v^osttil grieve iw" ifyw dif before m^ to 
rliiiT I muy sfirimtl veu. ajftrr prvyrrfor vou. am! buiy viiti^' is3ii}.'\l sccia^ 10 mc 
that having done (liai you wnulil return lo my house iv impend a bridal oighi 
wiih ooc of your wive*/ The Prophcl IpbuhJ ^niiltJ, His paid worsened as 
he wiii passing by h't^ wive*;, nnlil he wus he'UM In the house of Maynmnah. 

I. "n>c Kra^cynnl of MiUi fliUi. 



He -summt>ncd hii vfwxs and asked tbcm lo k\ him be nursed ic ity house, 
and ihcy acccp[ecl," 

The Wives of the Prophet, 
the Mothers of the Believers 

Ibn Hicham said rhal. Us he wew told by more llian ore scholar, ihc wivc% 
of ihe PmphcE fphub) were mne: A'ishati, the daughter uf Abu Bakr: 
HiifsDh, the daughier of T'mar ibnul-KhauJtb: Llmm Uabibah, llie daughter 
or j\h{i Suiyan ibn htarb; Umiu SaJam-ih, the (Jaj^hter of AbCi Umayyah 
jbnul^Mu^rah; Sawdali. the dyughlcr of Ziim'ah ihn Qa)^i ^ynah. llw 
Jiuuj-iilfir of Jahih $bn Riib^ Maymundi. rhe daughicr of AI-|iiriib ibn 
Haai: Juwuyriyah. Ihe daughter of Al-Hiriih ibn AH Qirar: and Sjfiyyqh. 
ibedaii^hlcrof Htiyayy Ibn Akhiab. 

The loial numhet of ihow [a whom lie (pbuh) married was ihArtccn 
womctL 

KhadTjah. [he diiughier of Kbuwaylid wa* his first wife whom her fatlicr, 
KhLWuylid ibn Aj^ud. or. a?, t^amiKd hy tithcr?, hor brother ^Anr mm-ried lo 
him. The Prophi!! ipburi) guvc her ivvoniy ^hu'-cymels as iiav,ry. She was the 
innJJier of all the Propheii irbildren except ibrahim. Before ihe Prophei 
Ipbuhj, fhf vvas married TO AM n^iih ibn Maiit.ofic of Ihc sons of Usayyid 
ibn Amribn Tamim, mi al]y of Bar^il ^Ahdud-DSr She pvcbinh from him 
to iwo L'M3dn;n, namely. Hind iinalc) and Ziiynab. Pnpr lo Abii KaT[ih. .'ifii? 
ftr^ mumcd Id iJinyyiq ibti Abid itin 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar ibn MiiklizOm 
Witb whom sbf haiJ'AbduriilhandJ^riyali. 

''A'ishflh, Ihe daushicf of AbtJ Bakr wjs given 1« ihe Prophet (p!iuh| in 
mairia];c at the age of jieven in Mykkuh, and laicr he consmnmjtcd ihe 
martiage whh he;: in Madmuh when sh^ w*f!v al the age of rum? tir ion. She 
wi*;ihcfjnly virgin df:ii he ipbuhimiLrried. [( washcrfaihur Abii Bakr who 
married her ip him, "Hie Prophet ^pbiih) gave her fojr hundred diriiams as 
dowrv. 

Sawdali. the rfau^hter of Zaiirali ibn Qjys ibn ~At>d Shiltns ibn Abd 
Wudd ihn Nair ibn MAlik ibr> Uiil ibn Amic ibn Lu'ayy. was given io the 



Prcjphci jptwh) m riiarriage by SalTi ibn 'Amr. or as \{ was <iaii], by Aba 
Haiib ihii Amr ibn Abd Shonvs Tlie Prophet (pbulil gave Nor lour hundred 
dirhunis as dowiy/" Previously. she wsis mamcJ lo Ai^Satnln ibn ^Aair ibn 
'AbdShJitns, 

Z;.yn-ib. ihf d3«EhiL>r of Jali^ ibn Ri'ilb ;il-Asudl wa^ .^oin^l in myrriiig^ 
wilh Ihc Praphel ipbulll by h(^i bmlhtr AbQ Ahmud, The ProplicT (pbLU.^ 
gave her KMir Lundrcd dirhanw as dowry. Bufo^c bun she y^^ mamed lo 
^yd ibn niirilLLuli, a ^^r^wW of the Prophcl (phuh). and il "^as ^botrt her Ihal 
AiUih icvcalcd ibc venc ihai ^yys, 

^Sp wlifn y^^fi 'Kid tu^cimpi'tjiheif his df-ire from her ii.<^ diy<^r<ed 

(At-Ah^ab: 37) 

U»^ni Siibmali. tbc daughl^r of AbO Umayyuh il>ii ul-Mufliifah 
aI'MJkh/umJ ^'^^ mimed Hind. Her son S^liimah ibn AbT Salamih [n:imed 
her lu UK Prnplicl (pbuhl. The dowry UiJii he ipMif g^^c- U. her u-ii'. a twd 
siufrtd widi piilm Iffavc'.. -* Ik.wI. a di-ih. and a hand niill. Before ihi^i she 
was a ^'idow of AhduHiih wliu iva-i known &s AKi SaJiLEiiuh ibn *Abd 
ttl^Asiui. She Iml with him Sulamah. ^UtQar. Z^iynah. anil Kiit|,iyiyyat>. 

Hafwih, rhe daughter of HlMnr Ibnul-KhauSb was uniicd lo the Pn^i^hei 
(phuh) in wedlock bv her fmhef. Tlic ftophc; ipbub) gave her f<wr hundred 
iliriiaitLs as J dowry. Previously, she iwd been murricd W Ktuinikys usSahaii- 

ilimm HiiWbjh. the daugbier .>f AhO Sufyan ibn H^rh vvim nmiiCd 
RumlJiii. Khalid jbn Said ibn al-'Aa tnarricd her lo hiin, when ihcy bolli 
wen: m Abyssiniii Her down' was fo;ir hundred dinars whith were given to 
her by Ne-iu^ <in behalf "f ihe I'mplw^i fphuh). Ii wa^ he wlm had proposed 
m hLT forW Prophcr ipmiUj. Bea>re Ibhl she v-a> iiia/Ticd lo ^Ub^iyduliah 
il^nJul!^i^al-A^dt. 

JuwjivriViih, daughlcr of AMHarhh ihn Abi ^w^ al-KhLi/i'I wus ati.on^ 
Vhe capUvek ol BanQ Al-Muiti^li^ of Khu/a iih ■^h.-i^ ?he u':l^ given ts> 
Thabil ibn Qay^ Ibn fl.sh-SliiiitTmJJs nl-Ar^iii He wrote a i:onrriiCl of 
Ecdcinpiion lo her which ^ihe brcju^-ht to ibc PiOjrfwt tpbuh) O-SkUlg h»!> help 

t h^Hnh-inM^iJlli^Mbillil^^d^lt dnJ At* Mlh -rtc .ti^c^i 0^Jingil.4.i pei^. ^ iUcy 
WEK 111 Al'>■^^nlrl^|. 

— *S) — 



i/usrr She yiiid, "Whui Is il, O Nk.si,c:n^t:r of Mlah?' He tcplitd, V wiii/tiijit 
ynu,zit^biMtJmijr<^'ymt.'Sbesi^dyc:y.un^ [hey were iiiamL-ii. 

According lo \\m Hishani, ii is said !hai nhcn itic Pniphei (pfjuhj 
rciurncd fmm ihv invasion tjn BquO al-Muijiiliq wuh JLiwjytiyuli. ar^d while 
he wns in Iht inidM of rhtf 3nny. he cninj^tcd Jtiwayriyali lu oiic of ihc 
Alttir OtKl (jfJcreii hJni Ui Uvit :,Ilur her Aficr It*.- PrvphclS tcfumJng to 
MEidln;ih. Iilt f;ilbi:r. AI^H^rilfi. canit; wilh hi^i duughrer^ mn^iom While 
Al-Marilh was in Al- AqTq. he hiid gicmly adtnTied iv.o of the tiimcts which 
he had bmughi fnr Ihc r-cmsdm, so lie cotiL-t^JilctJ ihcni in om: of AI-'Aqlq 
gicus. riien he iirrivcd to (he Prophei saying, 'Hem [^ my daughti^s 

Mre ^mccttt^ m AJ- Atfi^ la ^mh-uiiii'Siii-h a ^Irnr AMlarllH said, l htilf 
Wimcss IhaT Ihert is no gi>d hm Albh i^nd ih:i! you ^cl- ihe Mc^-^ngzt ot 
AWah. for by Allah none could hnvc known of iliai except Allah the 
Almighiy/ Thuh, he einbrjccd isjam a& weil as iwu of hJs ^\\\ whi» 
Dccomjwnied hiin und s-uiit.- of Jiis people. After brin^inc ihc two tTimcIs 
^rni gtvmg [kcm Uj rhc Pmphci ipbuhl, his daughter Juwayriyah wus avcn 
tf^tfc m \iiai. She hecarne a good Mvi.^hm and the Proplici i pfeuh) proposed 
for her hand {t\>ni hi;i fiUhei. wihj iigjei.-d. fJtT tlirtviy wns Ibiir hunclicd 
dirhnm^i. She wa^ previoasty miirrii^d to u ctsu.sin of hen tiilled " Abdjilflh, IL 
way said ihai Cho Prnphcr <phi.h) k^uphl her from Thahii ihn Qajs, TcLc.i'icd 
her. and niiuriixl her, givjng her four hundred diTh!im\ :is ilowiy. 

Siifiyyah. the dmiKhicr of Uuyay)- ibn Athtah was choeon by Ihc Prophcl 

{pbuhJfrfimatnoilgllLei-iptivo.irKhayhiir fhL-nhcmiitri.:dher. Rtmadea 
feasi of sawiij ui kmd ol \r\ush tnadc of whcui or badoyi ;ind daks only, 
tttitiout mear or ful. Previously she was mameJ to Kioaiiah ihnur-Rubr ibn 
AbcI'MuqiJy*!- 

Maynmnah. ifjc diiughlcr of AI-HJrilh ibn li:m ibn Bahfr Ibn Hiir.im 
ibn Riiwayhah ibn Ahdullfih ibii Hiiai ihn 'Amir ibn Sa'sa'ah. wa.s m-imcd 
Eoihe PwplicL [plz>LjhH>y Ai-Abbiis ihn "AbJel-Muiiiilih On behalf oH he 
Piophci {pbuh>, Al'Abbis giive Iwr four Iiimdred Jirliams u.s iiowry, Bcftire 
ihJE ilitf was married to Atili Ruhtn ibn 'Alxlul-' LUiS ihn AM Qay.s ^bn 
Abd WiiJd ibi> Ncisrihn MAlik ibti U's] ihn' Amir tbii Ltinyy. \t wu.^* j^aid 
diLir IT wa?> ihe woman who offered herarlf to the Prophet (pbnhi. This m 



because v hen stc knew aboui the Pr^ipiiei's propfl^ lo her wriilc stii; wii-; 
riding hci camel sk saitl, "The cainci imd whji IK on ii belongs lu AIIjjIi 
and His Me*i.scngcr/ "llwn Allah the Alraighiy sum Uuwn: 

<A1-Atu:ab: SO) 

Some said fliaT rtve wi^man who offered herwlf lo liim was Zaym*. Ihc 
■daugbier oF Jiilish; othcrji Jiaid il was Uoini yhartk Gha^iyyah. the daugluer 
oflSbLr ihn Wahh. one of Uie stma of Munqidh ibn \\mr ihn Mu h ibn 
'Amir ibn Lu'ay>. Orhers said it *a^ a woman from HjdQ Simah ibn 
Lu'ay)', fJUl IhL' Fmplicl (pbuh) rcJccrned hci mulltr. 

Zuynah. ihc daugMcr ol Khu^siymah ibnul-ii^itu ibn \^bJunJh ibn 
~AnU ibn AbU Majifif ibn Hiial ibn 'Ainu ibn Sa' an' ah was mnnitfJ by lo 
Ihe Prophi:! [pbuhl b> QflbTaah ibti 'Amr al-Hilit. 5bc wn^ Juhlv^i "T!ic 
muher uf ihc pwr" because iif hci kindness and pit>' towards tfie indipenL 
Tiw Pfophci {pbiihl £uve her four htindrcd difhams as duwry. hcviou^ly, 
shir was niairicdio'Ubaydiili ibniii-Hrinih ibnal MuilaJib ibn Abd Manaf, 
ar^d before 'Ubaydnb ^hc was marricil to hi:r cousin, Jahm ibn Amr ibn 
jl-iiarilh. 

Thai Ihc Pruplict fpbiilij c<m?;iimniyii'ii miutragc viiTi eleven ^omen, 
lwt> of wh[>m died berore him. namely, Khndijah. i)k daughicr of 
KhU\^aytitl and Zuyniib, Jlic d^Uigliicf o^ Zifmuh, aItjIc he died before ibc 
nimj i]wmi'in«l ill rJii: begmning^of rhUpjin 

There were two wives mlli whom the Pivphci iphuh) did nc^l 
tonsumraatc the m:iiTbEe. namely, A^mfi', (hc <i;iLiSh1i:r An-Nu'man 
al-Kind? and Anuah. Ihi^ daughu^r of Ya^id jf-Kilabl when he tphuh) 
nLimed Asmh'. hi foiin^l her suflefing iVom lopmsy. WJ he g:ivo her 
indcmniiy and ^ni her bJck to bcr pet^le. As for Ararah. ^Iie wa> a ntw 
cmvcrl lo Islam. Coining lo Ihc Prophet tphtihl *iha said, 'I seek Allnh's 
refuge a^ain*! voii " so he said. "A/Jflh is tlruetuiufnH/' iifl<l Suffint^fii to Rtvt 
rejuse\ Then br reiurnod her U* lier people. U was Miid ihat Ihe one who said 
Ihis wus a K.mdT v,oman, a cousin t>f Asma', ihe dau^hler of An-Nu mila. 
Some Siud Ihiil ihe Prophei ipbuhi summont^d her anct sht said. "We ore a 
people 10 wnom olbcr> tome and wc i^.mic lo noncl" Sn he spni her but^k lo 

htr people. 



23U — 



His Qumysht ^^^c^ were .six: Khiiflifah. ^A'isluh. ll^ls^ifi. Un>ni 
JHiibitidh. Umn> Sjiliimah. ;in(:l S:iwdah 

His non-QurayiJiT Afuh wi^-c^ were seven: Zaynub, ilw dHiighlcr of 
Jabsh. Muymumh. Zjiytiah. tlw daughter of Khii^yniiib. Juwaynyah. 
Asnia'Hjnd'Anuah, 

The Profihul fphuhj inaifrcd cyily ore non-Amb won»iui who was 
t^fiyyjh. ihe tiauylKor Huyuyy ihn Akhjab fnini B;inC An-NjiiJr. Mav AJ^h 
be pleu.wd wirh iliem uilT 

More Details about the Prcphefs Illness 

Acairding m Ihn h\^^. Ya'qub ibti "Ulbah [okl him from Muh;mimad 
ibiT Muslim o/Zuhrifram TibuyJuflflSi iliif Abdjflah ihn Hfibiih, (hiii ' Aisbdi 
<niay Allah hv pjciuscrt wiih her) Mid. -Ilie Pnyphei ipbuhi wcru oui walking 
hti:w<M:n iivo nicn of hb family, one of whom Wiis A<-Fadl ibrl "Abbas. 
WnJing; |ii.-> head in a cloTh, and dnig^m^ hii fi-ci umiE he L-nierad mv 
imviC" Tlb:iyaullali Kutd thai he rohi tMs ]i:uljrh f.n AbduMli ibn Abbis 
who inforniL^d bim fhuf Hit olhor man wu^ 'Ali ibn AM lillih. fA'isbaJj 
(may AMjIi U; pli;u.\<d witli htr^ tummin^-Jj Tlicn iti^ illtitss utiircymi: ihc 
Prnphoi (ptiuhJa^ he siifftrcd frc-tii mufh pam. He ^iiiJ. Tmr xi-ieji skua a/ 
wijjtr frtmi vitrHtm w^lfy o\ tr t,t,- i/> ifmt I am k" "'" '<' "lerr the ptppte ,iml in- 
xrr\ia ;/jf«j, Wf s^Miul him m o lub belonging te tl^fsiih. JuufhfCi of 'UniiK, 
Ihcn wc poured imiIcj over hiiii umil iit said, "7^^ w cir^fj^ft, rnot^k" "^ 

Az*j?:utirt' saitl That Ay-yub ibn Bushfr lold him Ehat fhc l^phffi (phuh) 
\vcni Dui huHdiiiH hi.", head niiid siii on ihc piilpii. The Jirsf ihing he siiid wa,* 
pmying much Ihr liie men of ^ Battle oi Uhud and a,skJn^ Allah's 
forgiveness for f Kern. 'Itien be sakt ''A//d/A ;«« si*'^'^ ■«"' i'/ W" i^cn-aji/t tf<r 
dioifc Ift^lwn rhb iivrtilivul tiliuns with Him. iin/J he lii.^ cht'^^n what h with 
-Muk"r\U Bjkr realized ihat ihs Proplitl (phuh) menni himself wiiii aiCK 
'Wirfd?, Mj Itc ^iiL-pi and siiid, "Bui we musom you wiih <iur schx;s anil ouf 
criiMren/' Ho (pkihj said, ";/ijir it .■-ny. .Wm ^jtr^" Then he ad^lre^,^etl rhe 
lihivricr^ saying, 'Uas^ jiif.it- thton which art> open Ut jtir iiuiufu^ truepi Abii 
Ittikr's fiwiiv,'^\ fi>r t kjp'w t}!/ nnc »-/ii> is /vifcr lit c&npctunnship m me Jliu/i hiin. ' 

i. it-nMi'hJin laiHl. "lnjfimlHrvi.-i.niij|»]c['rnpricisai{f,\eifr'/jj^ijift«tfid,Bf,jl: 



A.-7.hri .U. N.^U lh.1 Ahdm^B.h.,UM ibn -AhUIISh M him ihul nnc 
Ofllh: IdTllil^ orSaid Lhiuil-Mualla mlJ him ihm HicPtnr^'l U^^'ih^ ^^'^ '« 

liis six:cch on Chai day. T ^ «'■'-'' '« '''"^'"' " ''"V'/-'''''^/'""' '^'"''^ f^ ''='' 
Hii.,^ U^tAlhh). f ^'^^iitd ch,ui,^ Al'Ci Buiif. hut ii /f rmifiiifiumshtp ^ind Uroih^ 
^rhi^^J „i MI4 mfiJ Aliiih gmtiers us tositht^r «tth Him." 

ibnu.-Zubi.yr =^d odi.r ..hnbr< lold Kim IhaJ ihc PloplH-'t iphuh) Touild lliul 
iho people hud slaLkened m jommfi the mission of LlsfDiiah ihn Zayd while 

he (pbuh) was ^uffi^iiPS- ^ hi^ ^^"^^ "^1" ^^'"^^ "^'"^ '^'^''^^ ^""'^ "^ ^"'"^ '^■' '^''^ 
on ihc pulpii The pcopk hJid .denounced i!ic l^ii^l.-tship oi I 'sarDuh. saying, 

"He liho PrnphL-n h^^ a^^igJ-'-'d -t J""ior in comm^iui of ilr Muhu,m'.n ai.d 

Ihc Ans^. " So iitUr praising mid exalting AlliJi u^ i^ Hi^ du*r, Ihc- Prophel 

ipbUhJ suid, O ptopit'. fuffilJ t^vh^t voii huvf h^P'f mk^ii f^r timcL-rnhfft 

hhjiirht'r nos. " 

Th^iibc^phtihMi=:scmdcdwhilc people lushcJ 10 iheir preparations. T^ 

Prnphc'l ^phuhr^ pain grew wcrse, ^^ r.;im:ih ^ml his ormy scl fonh unLiI 
ihcv ti^^ich^d AlOurf. icn or iwdvc arm* (;.,/i^:.'r;i^/f» fr^i^ Moiiin^h, where 
Ihey piichcd Ihcii Ci.-"p^ When iho Prq^hci ipbubJ toamc sLri.Hi>.lj dJ, 
liiwOmilh jnd iho- iKK-jps w^iiied Ihere ^0 s« wbui Alhth would dcvr.rt for ib. 
PfophfUpbuhi. 

A^-Ziihf? saiil ihai 'Abdullah ibn Ka I3 ihn Mflljk ii>lU hiin ihm iliu 
"ProphcL fphuh} S^id on Ih^l diiy sOicn he a>k^d Allah!* l\,rgLvcnc*^ for <hc; 
pcoplL' Ol I'iiud. "O Muit^jm-in. Hvtit the A.."ar i^f», /"r pfrP/./f T^rrrpiij^ "/"Jr 

,1,^^ ■i';j.> i-mmi.:> mi,t>,k.-x ■■ ril^n he :^liehh:d ^nj cnicKd his hou.c whon his 
pain increjL^^I until he fmntcd. Some ^>l hJN ^viv« came togcthc^r to him. 
aint>ne ih-^ni were Vniiu S;ila«iiiii :uul Mii>rmlr>ah. trnd u>mc vtv^:* ui ihc 
Muslims, among [hL;tu was Asiiiii; tSc dauKhtCf c»f ' fmiiv-^. They ;ill .'i-xne 
when (lis Lmcic 'Abhib was ^ilh liiny Thc> agreed (o give hi.n n.odicmc, 
At-'Ahhfis ^uid, "Lci im^ do U fof him." Ke did ii. When die Pri.phc^ ipbuh) 
y^c tip h^ asked v-'l^o h:id irejitt^d him ihu.s. \ViK;n they lold him Ihur ii was 
his uncte he said "7'^?i.i u 11 m^tidnewhidi i^nti' ^'^ai''" t*^'" l>roufihi i"-*m tfu^ 



— \xn 



kwd - ma he !H)mIetl lo Iht dTreuion of Abyssbia - u. win ftm^ v^i, ,/™^ 
rl».-' H.s undL- s;da O Me^.'^ngcr oi Al\^h. ^„ feared ihar you would gel 

from Ut t^-tryoii^ m ih^ hn^r ,atr thb m^dionr rxtifpi >n\ ^df. " Mavmtinah 
was iiiado 10 lake? it arthoufih sho w:l^ fisiin^ because of tKi^ Piopber'^ wdra. 
This Wii> ^ punishmciiT for vliyi iln-y h.ul Jurtf fo him. 

UsanmJ. ibn Zuyd reported. "Wh^n itic illncs^i of the Fropnet (phuh) 
bL-camc severe, 1 jnJ iLl- mi-n rpii.med lo MadTnnh. Then r *cdI lo ilic 
Prophet (phuhl who was silcm: mMt yo >^pcak. He siaricd mining his h-»nds 
UJ 1^0 sky and Ihen hringmg ji down i[po« him. so 1 knew Lhiii he w.-u; 
supphc^iin^ Allah for him," 

'A'i^hahtmi^yy^Jy^ be pressed wj.h hen said. Tor man v lirm?^ J hearJ 
[he Prophet (phuh) saying. '^i"'Iy Aihih r^tvcr tahr^ the sf»Al ^ c PToph<-t with- 
out mikm hi,n rfmisf ' M Lhc point of dcuilt the \iiAi words I hcijrd him 
sayini; was. W*i>, mtiiri riw Hij^t\r.r Cowiwrnon i>/ rartidLsc'. 1 said (lo niy,scia 
Ih^-n. by AlJah. Eic hitN n(ii chown us!' Antl \ Ijicft' tme meaning oH Ih^! 
which he reps^iJted to us, namely, ihui a Proji^el docs not die wiihoui bcms 
nKUlctochooM;."' 

Abfi Bakr Leads the People In Prayers 

Az-Zuhri said [h^i H^mzah ihn ^AhdilBh ibn 'Uplar lold him ihac 
^A'ishah (nuy Allah he pleased with her) ^id, -Whrn ihc PropJiei waj 
-<er»oiJsly ilL he said. -Oder Aha Bakr lo lend ihe pcopir in pniv-^is^ I said. 
'O PfopJicr of Alkih. Abii B-Jkr is a delicate man wnh a weak vorc>^, and he 
{always! wctps ^shen he recite^ ihc Quran!' Or^rr l>wi ro U-tul thf ptnpl^ in 
/'I'^.v^.rx' he: lupcuieJ iind 1 reix-jlcil my wonls a,s well, I ftanied AhQ B:ikr lo 
he -iprire-l This [nst bL-caiisc f k:icw ihu[ ihe people would never Jike a njim 
10 rcplate Iftc Prophet ipbuh*. and il would hsvc ii h:id oawn fur every 
mislonime ihiir mi^bi happi^n." 

'Abdull3li ibnZam'aii ihn aUAsw^d ihn nl-Muudib ibn A^ud snkl. "A5 
the Prophc!! tphtihi became seriously jlL I sva^ visiting him «iih sditk 
Mii.stjni> whcf] Biliil called him m prayer. He said. 'Ofrf,TAc»ir,'PTrf /„/«»/ Mif 
/»c-fl/7^r in thr prayer: ThujJ. I we|U cjul iind found 'Umar will} ific people, 



while Ahii Bakr >^'as noi ihtK. I lokl Lin^:ir 10 gel q^ uiilI lt::id Ok^ m ihc 
nmet antl he did. Wht:n be s^iid^^AlM- Afr/^^i'. llic Prophci .pbtihj ht^rd his 
vfiioe, inr lie had a sonorous voici), anil askctl 'tt1»T. /^A^rJ mf'Mhti md 
rAf M-iZ-VfLy .</i/*c ^u. Ml^h t^tui rh. M^limx irji..^ thoi^' So Abu BittT ^XS 
sLimnttincd and he oamc ^F^cr 'Un-iir had fmi-ihed thai praycF and led U«; 
people in prayer" 

^Abdulldli ihR Zu*i.';ili said, ^"Umar i;md to mo. Tonfoiind you, whal 
hi^vc vou d™« to uie. son of /^m^iih? fly Allah, when you asked mc (0 do 
so 1 rhoiij-hi iluii ilic TVophci Cpliuhl had tonimiinded so. and had il not hetn 
so 1 would tint have led people in Hie pniyci/ 1 repl.cd. By Altiih, he did 
n£iL order me lo dn so, hui wIkli I did noi fjnd Abu B;ikr il itsted y^Hi lo do 
so bccauw 1 1 thought dia^ y.nt were Uie mosl t^ghiiuL ,inion^ ttic i^ucndL-cs to 
lead people m tlie prayer.'" 

Ibn Isli54 s:iid ihiit A/'Zuhri lolJ him ihm Ami-, ibn M.Hik said, "Wbcn Ei 
was Mimday on which Allah look His Messenger (pboh). Tic ^W oul i.i die 
pct^lc while j3Cif.>miii.j: die momrnf pniycr. The- euriam wii-i rai^^d. the 
door was opcn«t, and the Proplwl tpbuh) e:iiiie oui and stood al \Aishah-s 
door. The Mu^hm^ were jilmL>sl cnrapiutul in iheit prayef> for being 
dcUlTJMcd widi his i^a^scntc, ;iod be bccfconed i<> U^m l» conimuc ihcir 
prayers. "ITic Propbei [pbuhl ch«:rfuUy smiled vUien be iVxmd iTicm aligned 
propcrW m pravcf. and ] n^^vur saw him in siith J cnndiiion iis In: wu.s m im 
Ihnl day. Then he iciamcd, ^wneiest> Ihe people: lumtd jwny ihintmi^ ihur Uic 
Piophcl {pbuhl had tucovcred in.LII ;li^ iHn.^^v AbO Bakr went oui if. h^s 
jAdt in A>-Suni].'^' 

Ibn Ishiq also said that Muhammad ihn Ibifllilm ihn ul-tl^iih \M him 
Ihoi Al-Qasim ibn Muhanimuii saiJ. ' Whi^n ihe Proph.?r (|*iibi h^aid HlmJU- 
■ftaying Ai^tififc -\khar m ihe pn.\'er, he J^kcd. IVArrf n ^f-w UriA"^/ AiUth tmdihv 
SUisUm.^ '^■Jn.^r fJwi'' Hy.l H n.51 hceti Ihai 'Unuw ^aid ti siaiemenl ou his 
death, die Mu-ilinis would iw[ hyvc doubled tJial ihc Prop^eJ IpbLihi liad 
Oisi^ned Ahtl Bakr lo succeed him. Uniar said whufi he vcus dymg. I! 1 
uppomr a ^ncuessor, ont: who i* hditer Ihan nic did so uncanmg AbQ Bukrji 
und if I k-jve ihcm UvKlioui doing !iO) one who is lieilcf dmn nn^ did so 
{liicjning the Prophet (pbah^^■ ThL-refoit, Ihc people knew [hut ihc Prophet 

i A jilitt JiL *bicb AbO tt-ikf hiiii »ioc plMO*l«^^ mni *hi;ic ticlotJi;*,^ wlih hit wife. 



fpbuli^ had m dc^ign.rcd . successor ard 'Umnr wa< no( .usWtccf of 

Also, ^coaling To Tbn Ishilt|, AM Biikr ibn "Abdillah ,r>n At>i Mul;iyk;ih 
mill h\m thai wliefi [he Mo/iday Ion \^hicU ihe Propjict died) aimc iht: 
Propht:. ipbahJ well om io perform Ihe morning praver wnh hi^ HlmJ 
b^r^dcd v,hi!c Aba Bihkr was Wnilmg ihc people fn rhe pnycr. When ihc 
Ptophti ^pbiihr appciucd. iht peoples anuntion vi'»s di-iniplcd. RoaUimg 
Lhm Ih^ p^^pk' wmilj noi hchavi hkc that unless cht Pio^Eu.-( (phuh) had 
came. Abu Ujkr withdraw from hK pliicc Id give u.ay i» ihc Prcphc* i pbuh) 
lo Ji^ad ihcm rn The pnycr bur he rpbuhi bmtigti^ hm b;.vk il» JiK plai.-e 
S^ng, -Uml the pri'ptr m ^ruy^r:' The Pr.iphcT fpbi(h> sal on iIil- ri^h^ side 
Df Abu Biikr performing ihc prav^r in a sining po^iikm. Huvin^ ended ibc 
prjyer, fie addressed iht people with sueh a loud voice ihai could be beard 

Oul.idc Ib.^ mas^u^, "1^ ;.r.,/,/r- n,^ /:,„ ^,. yrf„^j flm/;7«i,i^" ^^^ c.^»V»j UU 
ih^ H-iviP* -,; fftr J-.vA> ni^/^f/ Bv .4fW.. ,t»u fiw hy tw^Mig tt? mv Hhfirff^. I havf 
^Fely^mdffawf,,^anK'^.hlUlhcQtff'a^lh4L^madch>yJ\Al,u..U^^^^^ 

The n:irr:.im- <:ontinued, "Wliei. he finislicd hU spci-cli. Abfl B;ikr Said 10 
hinv "0 tVuphel of AlJatt, I *;cclb!« ymi are h^ct^inp heii^ ou( of ihc j race 
and houni> of AJhih as wc wish for Today is ihc day nf iJic J^mghi^r of 
Kh,lrjah;^' Can I ^o lo her?'^ The Prophei (pbuhl gave him pem^ssion lo go 
and Abii Bakr wcm U) >^unii wbcrv sht was." 

^Abdiinrih ihn^AbNs said ih^i on ibcsajiie ib> ~AII ihn AhTX^liS werl 
our lo Itit: peopJe jfter Iteing widi ihe Pmpber (pbuhf, mi rhe> asked him 
h^m- ittc. Pr^phcE (ph,Jh| *a?^ dr.ing '"JTun^is la Alfah. Efe ha.^ n.vovcred." he 
replied. Ai- AbbAs uxik hini by lh(^ liaml saying. "O 'Alf. 1 SH^ar bv Allah 
thai I can tell ir i.^ dcnih in ilic Piopheis Face, as I used lo see \i m rhe TaLt^^ 
or Ihe >;ftii5 of -Ahdui-Miitialih. So Icl o.^ gi> lo ihc Prophci ( phuli), In c^tsc 
fhat auiiinrily i^ lo bo wiihin us, wt wtII know H. ami in c3m> it »■: to be *iih 
oihera \\v will Lisk hjni lo enjoin (be people ic ireni us well" ^AlE said, "By 
Allah. I wilJ m do su. If ir is refrEined from U-v none H^fl« him will give ii 
m ti.s." Ilic Pmpbd ! pbuh^ died when die ntxin hc^T of ibiiL day increased. 

: M--' Fw»™ bii *'jrc ilflbiltaiL etc iinu/tccr uf KKlrijuh ihn Za>d il^lwiiill 



■<S> 



'Alshali nnav AtUh be ple^iseJ wiEh kr) sivid, "The Prnphci Ipbuhj 
remmed from ilic mosLjut: thut J;iy anU laid iplocmg hr, Ucdd/ in »i> h.p. A 
mjM i>J Ahu B;ikr's hou-schold vimIcJ me wJTh j green imitli-siick [ vwSt) in 
ms hanJ. The Pmpbci tpV>.^M lookcJ ni i( i^i such a ^vay rhji 1 knL>w lie 
warned ii. Si) %vl«n I ^^V=J hioi if he mvjld like mc lo give H lo him he 
iigrccd. -nn^ I look IT ro fhcw it for him to .srfiei it and gave H lo turn, He 
hnislwd his ic^ih mih \t mare vigorously ihim I ^ud ever '^cen him bmstiing 
bofon.-. Then he pui it down and I founil him gclting heavier in my bp. 
When I l;xik*:d inio hi^ face, his eyes had btt^i^inc tixed hs he was 
miiitnuriiig. A'r;^; ^^/j/p^t /in' Highrr Compamtm of P«miU:i^' . I said, Vuu Iwvc 
been given die .hiiicc and ym( huvt chns=n. hy Him Wfio scnl >uq iftilh Ihc 

Tnithl' 

Then ihc Prophel ipbuhi died. Ihn IsQflq s.iid tMi YahyG >^n ^Abadd ibn 
^.AhdMluh ihn 3/.-Zul>iiyr lolti lunt ihai his Imh^r loU hiiti rhal lie ii^i»rd 
^A'i^huh ;niay Albh be pleased whh heh saying, "The Pr^^phci (phiih} d*ed 
on my clwsi during my lurn I WH'i noi unjuM lo jinyone in rcfitid lo him- W 
waii beoaiiiic nf my foi>U^nr^^ and ytiung age Ih^i when ihc Prophel (pbuh) 
died, I Tdd hT!> head on a pillow and gol up healing my bri-jisi will* the irther 
wtmien and .slapping my face."* 

AM Hurayrah said that on ihc death i.f iht- P.cphci Ipbuh), ^Unmr 
addressed Ihc people .saying. "'Some hypocriics cT:tim ^hai the I'mphei 
Iphuh) is Ocnd. bill by Allah he is nol deari iie Has gone lo his Lord oi 
rProphci) MLisw jbn 'imriin Wtm. He trhi: iancr. Mdjcd away trom his 
people Ibr fony ^igh^^ and iciumcd It^ ll^cm after it ivas said ihul he li:iJ 
dicJ-By Allah. Ihc Pmphoi tpbuhf *ill surely come \\\cV a^did MQsii and 
uil! cut off chr hand^ und feel of ihosc whi> ciaimcd lliai ihc Me^^sciiger of 
Albhtpbtihjisdead," 

Wlicn ihe neu^s reached Abfi Ratr. he wenl to 1h^^ gfl^C of the mosfiVK 
white -Umar *a^ speaking lo Ihc people. Ke eo^jid thmk of noihing hut 
going lo the Prupliei tpbuh) \^ho wi^s lyiag covered by a nianile of Yemeni 
eloih m 'A'ishahs hcusc He uncovcied hi^ face and kJ!^H;il hiin s^ymg. 'I 
nmNom you u'lih n>y f^ithcr ;uid meihcr. mis is ihc Oeaih i^hich AlMi 
urdamed: yim hjve usied it. and you R-itJ nevei u»Me cic-jih i^airj." He ihcn 
covered Ihc Prophcr^ fnve widi the mantJc a^am nnd left. As 'Umar wa^ ililf 
^pcciKitig, he l^ld h.m, -Genly, " tJinar. U-iien." but ' llmar (efu^ed and kcpl 



on (alkm^. Wheu Abu Bakr saw ihar he wouFd mK hearten he ajvam^ lo 
Uic people svho, hearing hn Wi>rd>. went it> bim, r^avint^ 'Untir Aficr 
Thiinking iind pruii,irȣ Allaih. Ikt ^aid. 'O people! Whoever worships 
Muh.iinm:.d. (shouJd know ihacj Muhamn»nd is dead. wh\k whoever 
worships AlJiih, should rcnwTiilKr Uial) Athh In Uvcr livicg; rjevcf dies " 
Then he recited the verse. 

^Mufipmm<i,i it an nific ihuix ti Mvsscti^irr. nmf inilcvd (nuimi l^ex- 

Mr« :am fr^i^i rJir v^mr kfeh ins dsxhrfifwr^yf A'ul U^ ^.'ho fumji /.«. A 
<'H /tin hec/s-. «or ihr tt^a.^f hirm witf hf tto m Atlah. luid Mlah hHI gh^ 
r/rvarii la fttiur nitfi arf ^m^cfnl ^ 

,tAlVmraDn44); 
the niirraior ^ard tliar i^n hejirlng mi^'vers*. ii ac^mcd that ihc |>coplc 
hnd nj^nT known ihai Ji hi»^ ever been rf v^alcd before Ahn B:>tr reeled i[ 
on ihj[ day, ihving licaid ii iVom tiim, ihe people wcni on rcpc;iUEi° jl Abfi 
HLinyfah said [hai Umar s^id, "B>' Allah, hiiving heard ii ^ihe vefK> rfom 
Abo Bakr, I was dunihfoundedMj (hai my leg^ would noi carT>' mc, m« I (c\\ 
If ihc grgund. nr»d I realized ihai ihc- Mes^nccr of Aliiih ipbuh) had imfecd 

denii;- 

The Affair of the Shed of BanuSa Idah 

When flie PmphL-r (pbah) disd. (he Aosdrt don of SonO Sfl^idah 
assembled around Sad ibn Uh3dah in (tie shtfd of UanO Sa idufi. ^AlJ ibn 
Ah? laiib. AZ'Zifbayr ibnul'Awv,'am and lalh.ih ibn UbayJUlah M;i:kidcd 

rhemvelvtfs "n the houst of Biimab, whereas llic other Muhajirlin, joined by 
Umd ibn Uuiayr uiih the B^nu "Abdul-Ashhal sided wuh Abi Bakr, 
Somebody went lo Abu Hakr Jijid 'Umar and i^iid mihem. This elan of ihe 
Aniiar ar^^ ^athcriiip ujUk Sa'd jhi» 'Ubadah m The shed oi BanQ Si^idah and 
they side aiih him If ycm urt keen lo have Jimht^riiy oji Hit people's affairs. 
Ihen go to srdfi rhem f^iore (hingh becoin? scriouft," Ai (his lime, the 
Prophet fpbuh) wa.^ sull imhurlcd In hiji hutiM. whe^e his family had loekt-d 
Ihc dnor af Ihe hoit^ ^Umar snid, 1 said [o Abi^ Balir. 'Lei us £o ro our 
broihen. of iJic An^^ m .see whai ihcy aie up [i>\' 



■ Abdullah ibn Alibas siiid rhai he wus ^^jinrig lur'Ahdur-Ratimun ihn 
*Awf in hl^ hoLi.Sc: ai MLn& svJiilc he was wiih 'irmm- in i\k Ijm pilgiimnec: 
which Umar pcrfnmied Hv used lin tcuth him rciiJin^ the Qurm. On his 
rcmiii, he /omid 'Abdullfih wniting. A^tiur-Rahmiji said tn him, 'T v^ij^h 
you cfjuld hav4f !^n i mun who camL' lo Ihv Commander of ihe Bclicvtr* 
Md .iiLd. TJ CoiTUnandor of Uw Believers. Wfluld you iin lllink of SO und so 
*ho ^aid. By AITah. if T'mar were tkad, [ *nuM ^wcar ullcglanct to so imd 
so. Bw Allah, the feuliy ^Wcii lo AbO Bakr wus onlv a teiy ilip which was 
rjtiJicd.' ' 'Utp-'it wii^ enra^L^d am! ^aid. "Tf AUal^ Wilis. I Jiall dclIV^;^ a 
speech lonighT antl warn The pcnple agJin^i lliow: who wunl lo u>,iitp power; 
I said lo him, Du ngi do jU Q Comiiiandct i>f Uic BcUcycr.. f^>r the 
pdEiiniajic season brings tosclhcr Uic rabblfv and ihe vuljiar people; ihey 
«dl be ihcvtianmiyntiarioyoiL I faar Ihni o-hcin you ^ci Lip and say whai 
you ifc-ani. ihuL ihi^y will misinTcrprci ii. so wail unLi! you are m MaJiiuK 
ior A is the atiode of 1\k Suoniih and you can confer pvivjicly wilh Ihi* 
mtellcctuiils iind the rortihles of [he people. You caji ilicn suy wh^ucvcr yoj 
uanL Jbr ihc jnitllcclUjU will giasp what yiHi will say anj iTUerpfci iL 
corrtcily." 'Unuir ansivcred, 'By Allah, if He wills this will be iht fuW ihing 
ldowhi:n lanlvLMu M<iilTUjh. '" 

Ibn ^Abbis contmcd, thiii Ihey ciimc lo Madlnah m ihe end of 
DhLil-MijJiitl- ll wa.^ Friday when he Oha 'AhUils) leiurncd rapidly aficr The 
^un had scL FmJing Sj id ibn Zayd Ibn 'Attir ibn Nufuyl sicing by j pdliit 
of Ihc puipii. he tat beside him. knc- tp knee, Insianliy. 'Umar appeared, 
and when h>? s^iw bun approiiehing. he said lo Sa id. "Tonigh! hc is going to 
say yomcihintj on this pnlpil wbch he h^s never ^aid since he wa-i given 
rule " Sa"id asted wiih denial. "WHut do you ibmk ho is gamg (o say ihiU he 
hL*s never said before?' 'Umur was siuiiig on Uie puJpiL -so when the 
mu udhdhln finished, he praisnd Allah as Hc is due and said, 

Today i am joiJi? To tell you ^^rmctblng which U decreed lu nu lo ^ay 
and it mi^i h: my last ^jwcch Hc who undenJuiulA and I>[?i-'d5 ii should 
Oke it with hmi whcrevi-r- be goes, while he w^o fisas iliat he will noi 
gnmp H. II i& r>Dl lawful for imyonc lo quow inc of ihii\s-'^ which I did noi 
say, AH.ili >^ni Muliiumnihi i^nd stni da^n the Sock w him. Anmng 
things ivNcalfd ^a£ iho vsii-^ concerning stem loj: *tfie ffiji^n^ people 
who comTnii zmtJ ro death V *V iMil it ami iinden^lisxl it The McSSCTger 



or Allah (pbuhl Hii>ncd (thoie wfln voie fo be MffliMT) umJ wc JtJ ihat af^ 
Ilt him, ] fciif i\K! ihi' riiiH- fti« comi? wftt-n somenr^ wjll suy [haf si.jn- 

in£jsrit«iiii;^ik>r)«Iin the B^iokof Allah. Mihaipeopfcwtiu Id be min- 
ted by nepliTCirn? an oftHgiiiion uhith ArJ:ih haj ^nt down. Verily 
*Wraiiie ,m ih« Dutfk of ^lldh is a tmc (i^naliy fur the imitian people, 
m*n aplJ wamun, who commit aiii|ik?jy, if ihc «ci cvidijnct'd. or ihc 
wnni.in is pregnu])r. or tonft.sifln t'^ imd^ IJiJ nol Hh: Prciphti njbijh] 
jflff, 'Dfj ntlJ pniKf in,' miimii/frulefy as ~W ihn Kfun^jm ui,s j^rai^^ 
/mmit.tmtti'/y. hui .viv, 'ihir .-i^rwnl oJAfhili und Hi\ wf W",^,' "] j huvt- 
:^5Brd ihjit sotiwdiic said. By Alluh. if -irmar were d^J. \ ^vnutd swear 
iillegiancL' ^o m> and .so\ Lii ni» nun dcief^^ hiniselfhy saying ihac rhL- 
reiilly jhai wm given to Abil Bakr v^^k orth a hfl.sly slip whkh «a*i rar- 
ifH^J' AJmiiicJlj h *-U5 M>, tiui Alliih pft;%tncJ ii^ fviJnt-^v llitrc is 
rujiio amoTi^ you lo wli<am pi;ople woulJ dtvoic lliiimsclvcs a> (hey dnj 
To AbQBiitf. Ill' vh^Eivft fealiy iDamaii *ilhm»r con-tu^.iripn withihc 
Muslims, such fcflky is roi to b- jcccpicd Tor eiihi.-r of ihcm. itK nmic 
may be remptfd k» kill ihi-rn'" What happeiscd was ihai ^^htn Aliah 
iOA away H^ Proplici <phuh>. Uh^ An>jr <ippyst-d us hy a,s>fmbliiig with 
ihcir nofiihk-s in jhu shaJ of Ranu Su Wiih, AJi ibn Abl Tdlib. Ak- 
Xubuyr ibniih Ah-wiim, und nthcis lagged behind. H-k^reas ibe 
MuiiajiiiJn ^rajij-^cgaiLil u> (sidL- t^iiht Alfl Sakr J tuld Atici B;ikr Uiii! sve 
thoiiM ^ lo our brtHh*rs of ihc Anaiir, and wjiilc wc wcir ost our wny 
ivi" mcr iwo pjiHi?, Ansiiri rwii whi^ r,ilc] m\ vhnr iht |>fiLiptc hatt naLihcd. 
Wh?n tpjoy knew whi'iv ^■e wen- ^omg. ihcy jidvis^d us \\v.m Ifiere was. 
no reed for That and iirgrf us lo m^c oar (W/n detision. 1 »wore hy h\- 
JaJt ihjjl wtf woulil ro go lo ditm. When wc nach^d ihi" ^hcd or Banfl 
Sa'idnh. a man wji^ v.r,ippe4 up, Mltmg in ihc nirddic Wc kni^w ihul Jitf 
WisSuJihrr UfjiKlah. who wnsill. 

^V'huii Htf hLid our ^caiit, (heir omtor icsiified ihm Ihcrt: is no god hn Al- 
lah aad rhui Muhaiamuil ii iht Metsx^ngcr o( Alhthn praL-^ei! Althh a^ His, 
ilutf. and ihcn qjiJh Wt have btien hdpors in ihc cause nf Albb and ihi; 
tuiuulioii of hliini You. O MuTifljirflf^ die a group iinwng a^, ami a 
group ofynur poopte hnve tonw lu hclllf (here J.' And >o ihcj w^irc iry- 
inji ro upmoi us livnn oiir origin iknd oKurp snithoriiy from us," Wlitn htf 



I ff[viiuunrLih4i(ji}titiAJjeiii,vAiiiJ>cpDr4iiirjnrrumiliG\iij|||rni.TiinmiLniiy 



finisNJ, I v:/mi^J m ^peak. ^f 1 h^ prepard fl <^Ch In my mind 
which r filed. I wi.^l^) (□.va> \v bef^m; Ahfl Batf, ftT 1 »^mtA lo help 
him be ^ofi Tn dealing wiih \]^c uiuaiion, bui Abu Bakr ^d. Ctiniiy, 

■Umar!^ and 1 1^^ n^f fi^-- ^^ "^^"^ ^l"^' ^S^' '^^ '^"^ "^ ^^^^" '^'"' ^'"^ 
ani:,n more kmis-lcdge^ihlt iilld vvnt;n«cU Ih.^ nic, aiid by Allah. h<: «id 

cverjilnnc; 1 ii;i*J ih.>n^hl oJ in fii.^ inimir^lf *j> ui perhaps bciicr ihun J 
could hAVf dDTJC Hi: sJiEl, Ton b-A'.c Jll ihc (f«xl flimbuiv,s ih»i vol h;i.o 
mcmi^'n^il ii(>oui >uur«:lv-:s. Vpi ihc Aiahs will actnowk-dgt- ;juLhorily 
only in ihi^ cbrt pf ih« Qiii^V^h TIu'a :ve vhc btfil of liie AmUs in lin- 
Ri^cT .ind rL-4dcp.c. T siigfiMl to you one nf these Two m-^n: i.ln>otf (hu one 
^00 pli^c- He *ool hnid of my hi.nj Jtiil rhai of Ahii llbaydah ihniil- 
JjTTiih. ds hf wiS -iiliinK between Ui. U w.s.^ M^e only Ihing i^hich he said 
ihiii displcuy--<i i"c^ Uy A"ab' I ^™ld T^t'^^r Ikvc [HWiv-dctl lo be te- 
hciuled -iflhaiwerareisPi-ihantOJiJica|«oplci»K:ludinpAb&Bakr. 

rtlnmf cc-nTinuttil f^ie of fhC An^Srsflid, '( have a Lonvii^inp opinion: 
h.-t ui hii^c one ruler fr^m u^ and jnoihci from amdiig you, t> QuTuyiih". 
Disi>ui[; wa«:ed houer, voLts -^CJe riiisc*! unill di^scnfi^D^ «us (ejntd. so 
1 jjid. Open yuuT tiiinil. Aha Balr . Hl did so and I si^^ora ullc^iianc^ m 
hin. "Hi.: Muhijrrirn followed tn- and ifien Oic An,sJr. Wc juinped uv 
wunJs Sad (hn 'IJhSdah and wmcon^ Sflkd ihti -^c had killed him. 1 «itl 
'Alliih ttas Lilled him'." 
Ai-Zuhri said that "Uruiih ibnuz-Ziihayr Told him thai me of ttic i*o 
Ansflri rni^n Whom clicv m;ii ^mi their way to Ihc sheJ were 'Lwaym ibn 
Sa'idah imd Ma^n ibii Adiyy ibn 'Adiyy, the broiler o: BanQ AKAjt^n, As 
for 'Uwuvm, it wa.s thiii ihe Pr^jpbL'i (pbvih) was asked abuui ihoso of wtit^m 
Albih Itif Alniighly said, iin it *trt mm ivfw Un't lo c/catt itnd to purify /Arwr- 
itii-es- /IW M'lii i'^yf.^ If^'"'^ ^'''-^ "'^^ f/if^nif/^'r* v^.-*-" ""J pwrnr-^ 
(Al-Tawl>ab: lOSi Tlic Pjophct (pbuhl .said, "Hyiar ^' ^<x'J '^'^ "'"''"^ ^'""^ 
Viv^vii ifz-i .V.iH/r.h i^r Concerning Mfl'n. as people ^vcpl because of IhC 
Piopiiei-: death wishing ibat they had died hcitxti him, as they feared to be 
eaptnred hy tlmjh ;ifier him. fic .aid, -Bui by Allah, \ do noi like lo die 
rbcfiirc him io ihui 1 could iL-sufy id his Tniili wlicri lie i.s de-id jusi as I did 
whc^ he wELS flJive." Man was tilled as a miirlyi on ibe day of 
Al-Yamamah. during ihc fi^bl Jfiainsr MLi^yl.niJti tiie iiKh-bur, i» Abu 
BaIct's cuLipbotp, 



A.-Zu]ir I su^j itt^i Anns ihn miik S-M thai on Ibe dav after AhQ Bakr'^ 
eJeciron m rlic ?,htil, AbD Bakr .sai on Jtic puipi". while Umar go: up [o 
speak before him. Aficr dianking iinj prjiij^ing Alkih as His 6\ic. he vuid. "t> 
■pwpic. v^sjmlyy \ '.M iJiJig. which \ did noi fiii<i in [ht Book of Allah nor 
did Ihc Pn.>piifi£ ipbuli) cninisi fhcm fu mc. Howcivcr, 1 h:\kvc6 ih.iL iJic 
Pmphtl ipbuliiwouk! manage our :iffjiir« and Iv ihe la^tafus (oaie. Ailuh 
has l^:f» aiTwrif! you His h04>k b> wiiich H^ gurdtd Ilk Pr-^phei iphL,h>. u 
you limily adhi^rc m \i. AiJah wiJ] ^ukfc yciu as He guided hJm. Allah lias 
placed your rtffairs in Itie hands oi ihc best one among vim. ihe Cumpiuiwn 
HI Ihi: FrophCl tpbuh>, ,;/Jif j«™^o/rhfl. ii'A^n ^y^^.T fMLihjiT.ri.m! und AWi 
Botri iH^™ HI ///r vai'tf' '', so gel Up und ^iwc^r al^cgjunctf tn him, " 

TTic people swore allegiance to Abu Bakr publidy ^ifier the iillcgiancc 
.imr ,cx^ pbc-c hi ihc Shed die day hcfoit iha«. Alul Bakr siid jfttr praisajg Miih. 

"O people' I hove bcun given au[hi;ril> over yuti bur 1 iim noi ibc beSl of 
yoLi, U I dn welj, hc^p me. and if I di> wrong, llitfn coneci nw Tmih- 
falitc*^ l^ ill Imw^i;^ mj ralschoixJ is in irea^-'hcry. The s^^uL pction 
umunj: you ii siioji^ ju mv eyes miifl I ksIoft Wim hi.-, n^hl if Allah 
will.t. ind Ihe urong pennon uitiong you i^ wiyik iij my tycs untiJ 1 tatv 
Ih^^ riijhl ^rom him. Nti [woplc ^nhboril froia jihfid in ih« way of Albh 
bin AlJjih Mnkes [/icm u-uh hiunilifltiPn. Whenever ohKeniiy prevails 
Jurong u fxropTtf. AUjih ovmvhL'Iros Ehcm wiih affhtilun, Ob^y mc as 
lony a..; J ujicy Alljh md His McMcnser. and ru cose ihai I dJsobcy Allah 

and His Mijsscngtrynu owe mc no obeJ(ej!c?.RiR' 10 ynur prayer May 
Alliih hiiVL men;y tin yt«." 

Ibn Abbas nm-a^cd iha^ he was Wiilking alone wift "L'Tiinr when he was 
u caliph who dJiecicd lo a business of hli. He hid a whip in his hnnd. wiih 
which ht swishi:d ihc Mdt "f his legs iti he lal^cd m h^nisclf. Then hP lurncd 
TO Ihn 'AbbSs saying. "O Jbn 'Abbis. dc- you koo^ whiil dffiv^ nie lo say 
the words f said when {he Xkssenger rphiih> had died ■" He answered, "i tio 
not know. O Conimaiid^r of {be BcJicveri." 'Uniai sa^d. "Ii wa^ because I 
mcd to rotiie Dais ve;^. 



\, OutskAi TQwiii*h -in 



ways}}, n Wawt tjasri fctiui the M/> luiiifin. ifuii vu h^- iwilninsej aver 
nurikhul iiiid iht Mejian&<F iMuhU'ni'Uid} bra vumtss ovvryoiL ^ 

(Al-B^qir:ili: K3) 

fUimr coniimiedj By Allah I ihciigH ihut ihc Prophei ipbuhi woiilrf 
rcirwin i+mung his nmicin uniil he tuuld witness over ii iis to [ho lu,s[ ihing 
people did. Thai was whai drove mc \o say \ihai 1 miki." 

The Prophet's Burial 

Tbn Tshaq ^Jd rniu afier alteglani;i: bjd br^cn .swum n> Abu Biitr. on 
Tuesday, pcopfc sEarieil prcpannp Ihc Propbcs (pbuhj for hurial. AIkIuIIuH 
ihri Abi Bakr. M^^y" i^n AhJiliah. ar^d others uild Ibn hU.iq thjl '^All ihn 
Abi liiHb, Al-'Abbis ibn "Abdel-Muiiidib. Al-Fadl ibnnh Abbis. Ouih^m 
jbflLil-\Abbiis. UsSmah ibn Zayd, and Shuqr-'tr. rhc mt\^ifi of Ihc Mcsri^iitgci 
of AUidi (pbuhj. xvtri: those wlio waatictl hini <pbuh). TlKy ilso told hun 
thai Aws ibn Khawli. unt of Bauu Awf ibnu[-Kiiazraj, said To Ali ibn Abi 
Talib. "1 implore yoti by Alluti, U Ali, and by our poniriLi in ilic Messenger 
0[Anah4pbuhUl*>l<J»ini:cmef Jndsc<:hiniJ.' Aws wosone afilii; Prophet'^ 

Companions who witneswd ihe day t>f Badi. "AJi jwrmitlcd him lo <rnier, 
ard he ai[etid^d Ok washing ol ibc Pmpiitfi ipbuhl. ^Al? R^icd him un his 
chesr while Al-^Abbi^. AI-FadI, aiid Qinbam mmcd him over along with 
him. Usamab ibn Zoyd and Shuqf5n ]wured wii$er over him. as 'All witihcd 
him. having his ^hin on bini Uk^wtsc noi louchmg Lhc Prophet'^ body with 
hifi iiiind. Moanwhik AI? Jiaid, "I raosom you wUb my TatlKf and my 
jnotber. how go<>d you are -ilive and d*;;id! " 

Nothing wiis >cen ol iht; ProplKi Ercm liiat which i,s usually seen of 
ofdmary coipsc-s. 'Aishah (may Allah be picitwd wuh herl stiid. ''Wlicn 
ihc-y mitnilcd io \^aj.h Uk- Piophe^ ^pbubl, ihcy differed. They did not knoi^v 
whclhcr \o ^trip him of bis cloihes ae Ehey usually 6\d wiJb ibeir dead Of lo 
w;uih bun wiih hi'i clothes on. A' Ihey dispuied, Allah casi 3 deep ?.3ocp 
upon lEwm all so Ihal evory [nan's ohm wa^ sunk on his cliesi. Then an 
uaknown vfticc wjj; heard from tb; direcTion of lhc Ka'bah, sayingf 'Wash 
tbe Prophei ipbiiht wiih his elolbc:, «»; So ihcy woke up and weol lo Ehe 
Prophei (pbuh) and washed him wnh l;i< ^Jdn on, pouring water on ihe shin, 
and lubbini: him wiili ihe shirt bctssccn him iind ihcai.'' 

— <S) - 



Tbttl^4 ^^^^ ^Ji ^^len jlic i't<yp\^[ ipbuli) iiiid heen w^i^hed he was 
^hl\'U[lcd in three tlciihs, [wo of fiuJiai'i' producuun antl u iUliicil steaid 
wrupjvd The anc raver ihi? nrhcr. 

Ibn ^Abbfls ^i^, "AbQ 'Ubayd^ ibnul-Jarrau ujied Eo dig lt>m»vi for ibe 
people ai- M:it;kah, tthllc AbO lullLuh Ziiyil ihn Sohl used ii> mak<: gmvcs for 
the pcopTt* cif Madfnah vk'itri ;. nklie m Che sidt of Jlie grove. When tlity 
W:mlO[i Ui hlif\' ihc Pff>phiM (phuhj. AI- AbUs di^pyrcht-J i-^o nii^n. one ID 
AhG 'liftjyJah and ihc other ti> AbiJ Ialh;Ji, Al-AbhS^ siipplicnrcd, "O 
Allah, choose Tof iht Mcsion^eT of Allatu" The one who WiLs .sent fo Ahj 
Talhah found hitn, so Jw dug ;■ «tavc wiih a nithi; fiir liic Praphci iphuhl. 
When alJ arran^emtm?; for burial had bet-n finished m Tuesday, he Iphuh) 
wa> l.i\a upon fii* bed m his hou^. ihe Muslims had disagreed over ibe 
pliww o^ biiriul. Some favored hun/ing hiiii in his mo.-iquc, whlk" offteis 
moiighl in hwry him widi bin Ctmipanions. AfjD Bafcr suid. 'I hcaid Ehc 
Mi;.^«?nper of AlUh (phuh) raying, Wr> Pr.>ph^i J,^s hut tx iwnt-^ m tiir ,>/M-e 
nhcrf he hm dmif So iTit bi-d on *iiich he died wy^ tfrav^n iiw:iy .ind rbey 
made a grjivc under ii. Tht-u \\\e people enfered k^ ibe Prophet iphuhi lo 
offer tihe fLuicrid) prayer uvcr him in gioupii: Ihi? men were ihc firM, 
ii>U*>wed hy liit- wnnicn. jnd Jhen The youngsters. No one !ed the prdyer^ 
over Ihc Pri^phci (pbuh). He ^^as bunt'tl in Ihe middle of Wataesday niglH ' 

^A'iftbah fnuiy Alluh be pleased wuh her) -iaid dial diey knew nodiing 
ahoui ihc burijiJ of die Messenger of Allidi ifibiih) m\\\ Ik-y had heard ihc 
sound of pickaxc'* in ihc; middle <»f WL■llne^day nighi- Tho%e who weni down 
imo rhc ttni^t: were All ibn Abl liiTib. Al-Ffl^l ibn Abbas, Quth^m ibn 
^AbbS.s. and Siiuqran. dw Pn^pheT^ mnwh's. Aws ibn Kbuwli implored 'Air 
by Allah and his poru'on in The Prophet Iphiih) lo alio* him descend, 'AJi 
allotted him, Nft he descended sviih the others Wiien ihc: Propfici Iphuh) ft'as 
placed in hj^ gntve covered A'iih i^iirih, bis ma\K-la. Shuqran, look a picte of 
veh-ei. which ihe Proplwi ipbuhi used to uke as a gamicm and someihing lo 
^1 or sTctp un. iind buried ii m rhe gr-xve saymj;. "By AlJah. none wdl ever 
'A'carii :*frcryoii". Thus il waj»burH:d with ihc ProplicHphuh K 

Al-Mughlnih Jhn Shirbaliu.iiediosay Ihaibe w.as ihc last one to he vj'wh 
i\\c ProphcUpbuh). lEt iiiid, "I delibermely ihiewmy rjng into die ^r^ivc and 
raid [bai my ring h-A^ dropped. I did ^o in order dial 1 might louch The 

■I. ApljKt HI VLrrivii.drHlFiciriedidiia'Uaiui. 



Pfophci (pbjh] and be (he bst one wilh him.' Miqsam AbulQasiin. d 
pWiWa of 'AbduUrih ihnul-HarjIli iMi Nuwfal reLHtc! tliiJt ihi: JflUcr ^aiit, "T 
wcni lo perform ^Urnmii with All ihn Ahl lalib during (hi^ ciiUphiiii: of 
'fniar. ot t'lliman, and he ^vBtii U> his sistci Umm HJinr, Iht dji3^ht«r rtf 
Ahil ISIJb. When hi? ii^i^he^l hiii Ummh. watcf w;is pimretl out for hjm itt 
w:*sh himself. WTwn he linishwl a band of MIn cutik in saying Wv^y ilioy 
h^ caine lo invesLigifle a niuucr ahfliB wiiich ih^y would like hun lo give 
soirre inkimiHiioD. Ho said, i suppose Umi Al-Mughlrah ihn STwbiih hJh 
mid you [hilt lie w:is Ihe la?;t one lo be wiih (he F^ophci IphuhlT When they 
said tha[ i\ \wiis sq, he ^ijlI, '^Ihc la.'Ji *jm; lo be VLilh ihc Piuite ipbuhj wus 
QjiliamibnAl- Ahhav." 

nibaydLiUfili ihn "Abdillah ihn "Ulbah rcptirttfd itiur A'isfiali ^may Allali 
heplea^l wuh hcri siiidiohim, ThcPKiplinipbuhnfunTieda black d&ak 
wJifn he was stnously ill. He wciuld pul ii on and off his ftictf , saying. "Khiy 
AHiihs mrir hr nn ihf ptft'pU »'l't> F/ik^ fkr graves t/ffhfir !*r^rplteD ai Hloiiiues." 
warning hi^ n-ition from ^nt:h a praiUee. 

ASsi) iiccordin^ io "A'K-^wxh (mjy Allsih bv pleu-if'l wilb her). Ihc hIM 
wiHik tbM Ihc Pr<iphcr <pbuh> enioim^d were. "j\<ii two rfUpiii\s are m ht t^ 
(pintgt^tfieri iu Ihf.- Anibhn Pftiu\suh." fbn Is^aq snid ihm on the Prophel's 
dcalh, the Muslim^i w<:tc w;vercly disire^^^cd. 'A'ishah (mny Allah be 
pJcised Willi hcft i^id, "\Mn;n iHc Prophei <pbah} Jii^d.inany *.)!'] die Amhs 
apost^TUed. Chrisiianiiy and JuJaisn^ raised iheir hejds, bspncrisy cnier^cd. 
m6 the \fi3slinis bcciin^e Ukf raincd-ihLtp tm ii wirary nighi for kising ilicir 
PfoplieJ rpbuhj, unul AUah gadicred Ihcin through Abu Bakr. 

Ibn Hisham said thatn aceorairig ifi AbQ 'UbaydiJi diid ^fihcr schi>lnrs. 
>heiL ihi: ProplK;^ I pbuh] Uic^l, mo&l of ihc pcPplc of Wakkah were itboui lu 
tclttJi ^rnm hlum to ilw tJLiem l^al Atiab ihn Asld'^' feared ihc^Xi. so he 
cojic»?aJed himself. Siihiiyl ibn 'Amr cume and delivered a ^pi;ci:b. AftL^r 
praisini; Allah, ht- mentioned Ihc death of lh<* Prophet ipbuh^ and said. Thfll 
will only add lotbe powci of hlam. Whosoever re i teats from isl^m we will 
behead him." Thereupun Hk pei>ple etianged Their niinds over what they had 
intended to do ^d "Aliilh appeared again. Thhi^ is i!ie annude which Uic 
Prof^eL ^phlIh^ ineant when he said to Ifmiit, ' [l may l^e ihiii ht will have 
an auUude which >ou will ni:it dispraise", 

I hk- Wb thriT^^cinflToJ MjkLntiiinLil]lic^'n3pliF('4 4lniLri. 



n^c Abridgment of the Sirah uf th<r 
Prophei (phuli). wrinen bv Ihn ffisham. 
was finished ur* Thursday nig^j, ihc 
t»egmn(ngi>f RamailJin. 1383 AH. 

rig|iiemu> woiks cao he jiccomplishcilf 



^'^A.iui-SaSdmAf. J/d^4i» 



4A<* 




1- Biographical Names 



AhniaF. or liiiaymir {fron^ BanQ 
AI-MuilaUqnK9 

Al lHhir and Ai-Iayyib tPfopticI 
Muhammatis sans! 2S 

AbSn ibn Su' id Ibnui-^ A« 202 

Abu ISIii> ibn "AbdeUMuil^tlti IS. 
24-16, 40. 43. 44. 56. fi3, 
69.71,77,7? 

AbO Amir y|-A%h*an 2M 

Abil Ammaral-Wii'HL 167 

AbO 'ImSrah itHwiiJJli ^^ 
'AbUcI'MuliiJihjJa 

ihiul-Mnihiinna) 2l2,2«>5 
Aha LbajOali ibmiE-Jarrtli 4K 

Abft Ahiiiad= "^Abd ibn Jafcsh 
Ahti Ayyflb ,al-Ati;iiirJ= KhillJti ibi^ 

Abfl Brftr nbn Aht Quh5fab) 41, 
47. 54h 55. *0, fA. JX 74, 93. 94, 
yft^W, KJI. JIZ. 114, 126. 132, 
U8. isy. let. 192. 194-196. 201, 
20.S.20H. 217. 2rW.23f. 234. ^49, 
ISO, 362. 27S. 232, 283-293. 295 



AbaBakraI-l1;ttM272 

AbQ Bakr ibn^AhdiiUiih ibn AM 
Mubykah 2S6 

Al:>ljBan!iJiaJAsljnu223 

Aha D)ijrr a1-Ghi(ikf Hi L64. 219. 
245.246 

AhQ tUiravmh 14Q, 269. 2S7. 2SK 

.\bu Jjib!. "Amribn Hisibdm ^7.48. 
50; 52, 5:5, 5.5. 61. 62. 65. 6a. 

70-72. 78. 95. 9K. Iiy, 124, 
129J3L 133,134 

Abfl Jjndal ihn Suluyl ibc "Ami 
204,205 

AhD Kiih'ihah rPn^phoE 

Mukiniinad's mavJa) 126 

Ahfl Khjiyihiinidh 243. 244 

Aba Lahub. ^ Abcliil-'LTTSji ibn 
\\bJcl-Vli(tL!ilib 15. 45. 63. 64. 
69,S2,,i25 

Abu Luh^bah tIjh "Abdel-Mundhir 
126. 177 

AbflMLL!iajl-Asban2!0.231 

AbOMilyi^n alh-TliiUiafi 2^6 
Ahfl Mulajli itrn Vrwah 251 
Abu Muwjiybibah iPropbci 



C^- 



Mulianjmati's mawtfl) 277 

AbG Quhflfaf. ^Uihman (Abu 
DiArsfaihen41»55,222 

Abii Rafr {Tt\c Pn>phers mawJiii 
2i6 

AhJRighil.U 

Aba Ruhn ihn \VhtfcU IJTi^a 2K0 

AbO Ruw;iyhah I 12 

AbuSadihnAhiXalti:>ff J45 
Aba SabrJi ibn Abi Rufim 56 

^fi Salam;<h il>n ' AWcI-Asud 56. 
69.279 

Abo Salamoh ibn ^Abtler-Rabnian 

AbtlSinanal-AsadUO:^ 

Abu Sinin ibn Mihsiin ihn liuiilian 

Abfl Sufyiin ibn Harb, Abu 
H^Ei^Jjh m 7B, 123. 126, 
12B. 129. mi, 13S. 140. 141. 
144. 146, 150. ]54. 157, 158, 
166, 16V.. \1X [74. 202.316, 
217, 219-221. 225h 229, 23t)» 
230.250.251 

AhO Suryan Jbnur-Hdriili 219, 230 
Abti Uinayyah ibnji-Mug&irah29 
AbO Wahb ibn ~Amr ibn 'A'itlh 29 
Atmihiih al-A^bram Tl-14 
Abud'Darda- 112 
Abul-'Asibmir-Hflbf !35-l3T 



Ahul-Bakhlari ibn Mishiim 50, 7D 
71,129,133 

Abiil-FaiJl (Al-^Ahh^s ibn 
~Abdd-MuUiilib> 220.221 

AbiiJ'Ka\Uiam ibn Jl'Ta>yahSn 
84.87 

Abul-Cf95im (a nickoame of 
Prophi:i Mubamma^J 37, 47, 
I6L176 

AdharibnlsmQ"n4 

Adht-alibnJimfl'llt 

Ahmad fflnoihci name of Pmpbei 
Miihurmiwd|2! 

Al,U">niti ihn harb ibn Umaj'yflh 
S8 

Al-HJ^rilli ihn ~A.mir ibn Nnwfal 
[29 

Al-Harilh ibn -Ahd tClla! 262, 263 

Al-ttikriih ibn 'AbO Quvs ihn LaqU 
211 

Al-tlflriih ibn "Abdel-Muiiaiih 15. 
it 

AJ-Harith ibn "Awf ibn Abf 
llujilhah fll-Mufri 168, J70' 

AMianthibn Ate fiinir TH7. 2M0 

AI-iiari(h ibn AbrSJiamii- 235 

Al-HarthihnFihr 15 

Ai'Hnnch ibn Hi shim 

ibnel-MufiJiTnLh 141.225 

AMiariihlbnKalndah234 



-<5b> 



2li 

AJ-Kfktilhibn Malik 238 

Al-Harirh ibn Rah'i (AbO 
Qjnr.d!ilOJSfi. 230.231 

Al-tiariUi ]b» Z:im ah !35 

Ai-ilJinih ibnus-Jiinumh 148, 159 

Al-tLSrilh ibriTi^HSrilh ibi» 
Kala[bih236 

Al'HybJaabibnYu:^Id253 

Al-M^b^b ibtiul-MuiKlhir 130 

^iifiakam ibn 'Amr ibn Wyiib 249 

AJ-dakaiTi ibn ItoysJixi 121-123 

Al-Hii^;m al-Biiiiri 73. 1 83. ?56 

Al-JJjystimariibnAbduMh 135 

Af-Mu^ya "l^n 'Abdur-RahmAn 
Ibncl'tieUriiinTi^ ^ Ann 149 

Al-Hjtays ihn Zab^Ti ilbn 
■Alqamaki) im2{H 

Al-ULJwayriih Ibii Ntiqavdh 223^ 
224 

Al-^Asl iffli HishSni 

ibnil-Mughirah 50 

AI-' A^i ibn Wa'i[ is-Sahmi 64. 68. 
125 

Ai-'Abbisibn AbdeJ-MuiiaMbi5, 
40,78,R6. 124. 133,212.219, 
221. 229, 261 270, 2S0, 283. 

286. m, 2n 



AI-'Aia' ibn Jariyuli nih-Ttiaqafl 

Ai-^AIa^ibnuMlajTjmi2&y 

Al-Ajdn'ibnM^ifc2e0 

Al-AkJinas ibn Shurnyq 

Alb-Tliaqafi 66 

Al-A4rJ' ibn HObis ai-TaniiiuI 
235. 236, 253 

Al-Arqnin ihn Abcl-Aiqam 41 

Al-Ashj[hihngftys26l 

AJ-A-^v^iid ibn 'Abdcl-A,«ul 
■l-Makhziimi 133 

Al-Aiwid ibn Jia'b al-'Ansi 269 

Al'A^wad ibii Maf^fld ^2 

Ai-A'^jrd ihn Mu% ml ihn 
Muaiub251 

Al-Aiiwad ihn N awful ibn 
KhuiAn>lid2I0 

AT-Aswid ibn Rayn 21 5 

A^A^w4(l ibniU'M^lib ibn Ai^od 
50,«7. 135 

AI-Bak1tihirAbd VaJil42 
Al'Barj ibn'A/ib 143 

Al'Batfi' (bn Ma'rilr 85^88 

Al-Buk31 fthc icikcher of Ibn 
Hish5inl3 

AI-RM'ah. ihc daugiiicr af 'Ui^oyl 
3.14 

Al-Gharilr ihnvjI-Mvinihir ibn 



un-Nu'inyn ihn al-Mumlhir 250 
AI-HOq ibn Khura.VToah 15 

ftl^^lffld ibn Amr iha Hmmh 256 
AlJndd avi Qfl>^ 3G3. 241 

A|-f<jnijiab, 'UiTUjf ibn Kaiul dlK' 
Mier of "Umiir Lbmi['Kha||ahf 

AJ'Miqdaa ibn "Ami 127. 185 

A!-VTuiiaIJh ihn Uynfiib 137 

AI-Mu^nrihjhn'AbdMiinil 15 

Al-MumiUli itin Ar.haT 42 

Al-Mut'im ibn 'Adiyy 44. 70. 71 

Al-Mii^hir,ili ibn 'Al^uHflh ibn 
^Umar ibn Makh/Tim 201. 249. 
251.2^295 

Al-Muhdrir ihn Abl Umajyab 
ibnul-Mushlrah ^69 

Ai-Mundbif ibn Amr ftS, lOI. 
!!2, 159. 160 

Al-Muniihir ihn MnhiimniMJ 

AT-Mundhir ihn Sawfi Al-'AMi 
Hi 

AI-Mti^awqia nhc kiog of 

AJ-Muipwwim ibn 

''Abdd-Muua|J> IS 

AJ-QfLiim ibn Muhammad 2S 5 

Al'Q-^^im. Ihriihim ii'rk>iih[:[ 



Al-Walid ibn I'lbjh ihn RAbV^h 
i24. 132. 

AUWj|?d ibiHikVlughirali 29, 45, 
50. 66-69 

ibnAs'iid42, 210 

Aiitah. the iluughrcf of Khfllul Ebn 
Sa^WihncKAs:m 

*Amir Jbn Abl Wmn^as^ll 

Arji^iJi 

Anas ibn Malik :06. 20^, 247. 291 

An^Mih *"nic Pri'plhrl'i nmwla) I2& 

Anniaribn N'viSj: \f 

An-Nahighnli iitlh-DhubydnJ 94 

Ait-Nairibn Kiuiiiah3, 15. 261 

An-Nadr ihrnfl-^ti'mih 50, 53, 65. 
129.134. 135 

An-Nahdiyyah 55 

An-Nu^toflo ibnuJ-Mundliir 335 

Aibjd ibn Qays ^54, 2^5 

Arfakhshadb ihn S:nn 3 

Aittii, Ibc dnuE^hier of 
^AdJuiMiialib IS ^ 

AryHt n 

As^^ ihn Zur^roli S4 
Afijd ibn Fihr 15 

Asad rbn KhuzaviniLti 15 



A^ad^h ibn K.tiU7iiymah'l5 

A^h^l^ ihn Naht ihn IMjid 4 

Ai^i'ShaymiiV I he daugbicf of 
Al-y^iiii Jbn ' Abdul" Ui-tii 

Asnitl', iIh: Juughlcr of 'Uiihvs 
arKhuih'iiim-12,210.283 

Astna", i\k ditughiLTf t>f Abu Bdki: 
42,96%. 222 

A^ma; I he daughitr tif An-Nu'inan 
ai-Kanad^2«I.2S2 

ASfnA, liiL' diiLiElHtr k^l SaliiiiiHih 42 

As-Si'ib ihn "Littimiin ibn MazCin 

As-Sakiinilm'Ajnr279 

AllQh ibi Asid ibn AbL'l''A>j;:25. 
22a.2:*S, 295 

AwbdT 186 

AwsihtiHaijrTfH] 

Awfi ihn ■ A^f 140 

Aws ibn KhDwlI 2M. ^94 

AwsihnQayzi t"?0. IKl 

AiA'sibnTliabhibncl-Muinilur 112 

Ayyuhibn'Abdcr-Raliman 17^ 

Ayyub ibn Basher 2«2 

Az-Zibriciim ihn Biidr ni'Tamiml 
2S3,2S4. 269 

Az-Zubayr ibrt Abdel-MUilJirib 15 

Ai-Zuhoyr ibnul-'AwwGm 11. 56, 



59. 128, 146, 14S, L52. iSS, 
2fle.3ia,288.290 

Adam fpeace bi; iipfin him) 16, 75, 
224 

Aminah. ilic daughter of Wahh t6, 
211 24 

A?-ar3 

'Asim ibn 'Lfmtfr jbo Qiiiadsh 240. 
241 

^-Ajjim Jbn Thibit 135. i46. 156. 

.158 

^A'iirhah iProphci Mijummad'a 
v^ifel 35. 4a, *J6. 179. 190. 
jgvi95. 2J8. 277. 27S. 2B2, 
284, 2S5.2S7, 293-295 

"Amir ihn Fuhayrah A2. 55. 97. 98, 
LH. 159, 160 

'Jtniir Ihn Ln'ayy 15 

*Amir ibt» Milik ibn Ja^fyr 159, 
160 

"Ariiir ibn Rabri^ Abil SdliiJiuili 
42.56.93 

^;Xaiir ibiWl-IUf^yl U^O Ba*^1 
15=). 254. 255 

^Aniir ibtiul-ii^af'iiTil 131, 132 

'Amu-ibnul'Bi»klf42 

'AqinbniihBakir42 

'Alikah, file tlaughicr of 
-AWui-Mtiuahb 15. 70. 124. 
125 



him) m, 23, 31.59,73^74, 76. 
272. 21X 2W 

'Anyyaii ul-Qura/i 179 

'AbayahjbnMi;Uk213 

^Afab^ilibn BUhr iho Wuq,^h ^85, 
187 

'AhhilsibiiMint;J5 235,237 

'Abd ibn Jnh^h, Abil Ahti^ad M. 
<^3, 297 

'Abi! Mananbii Qus.iyy 3. 15 

-ATni Miinih ibn Kmiinah 15 

' 'Ahil Qb^Jivy ibn Qusgyy 13 

''Abd Shums ilin Abd Maniir lAhu 
LQhab» 15 

'AMYG111ibnArnr7a.245 

'Abdiid-Diir ibn Qusyyy 1 5 

'Abdul-lJ/i'aibnOusayy 15 
^Abdiilhih iihi' pjtL'miii cduain of 

Juwajriyah) 280 

*A^nlJ5h ihrt Hudhafa'h 272 

^AtHliillih ihi»I.lTit| 156 

'Abduli-ih ihn t^U^ 54, 56. 7S, 
S4. 133, 151. 158, 211, 226, 
383, 286. 289. 292, 004 

'Abdvinfili ibn ^Dbdcl-Asad fAbO, 
Sai:iiTiahHl. 56, 93,279 



Abtlullih ibn Abdcl-Muiialib 15, 
19,20 

AbfJiillijh ib;i ^Abdullah ibu 
Lbayy [h^ 

Abdullfih ibn Amr aKMil/ni 242 

Abdullah tbn "Amr ibji HJzam S6. 

A|jdu[Jah ibr> " Anir ibnct-^As 46 

AhduJIJh ibr * Ai?q ibn ' Abjd 27S 

AMullah ibn *Vmv 

ibniil-Klii4i^ 143 

AhdullQh ibn Abi Uaiiidd 22B- 

Atiilullfth mil AM Xuiliah 2.M) 

AbdiillSh ibn Abi Bakr 97, I3C. 
Ifti 202, Z22, 23U, 241. 2W. 
293 

'AMtiilirili ibn Abi Kabrah 57, 59, 
6aL4J 

■AbdirllihibnAr[jai97. 100 

"Abdullah ibn AW Umavy.'iti 
ibriuf-Miigbinh 50. 52, 219 

'AhJullih ibn Ibn L'hiiyy ibn S.iliU 
139, 142, \5y. 161, 163. 178, 
187-189,243 



■AbduUah ibii Jafcsh 42. W. 12U 



"Ahdiill3h thn Ja^aribti Abfliiih 
210 

'AbtliillSh ibnJubayf l43 

^AbditliahibnJud"3n47 



"Abdulffili ihn Ky'b ibn 'Amr R3* 
134 

'AhJitlklli ihn K:niihn Malik 2S3 

-Abdurtahi6nlChatil223 

'Ahdulliili ibn Maz'un 41 

'AbiiLiJTuh ihn MasuJ 42. GO. 72. 
134.246 

"AbdullSh iHn Qiirfid Az-ZiySdl 
26f> 

'Alidiillah tbn Riiwr^JiTi lOT, 132^ 
134.166- 170. 21.1.2K 

^AbthJllObibnSa'dZaS 

"AMullah iKn Shihas A^-Zuhii 
147 

'AhduIiaiiihnSiihayl205 

'AtHJull^ibn-RiJilnbah 152 

^Abdulluli ihn Z.m'ah 2tfJ. 285 

^AbduHSh ihn Zitvd ibn Th-i iitbah 
1 13, 2&4 

'Atxiiiltah ibnul-HSriih Jbn Nawial 

"AbdtilUh rhnul'MughLifral 245 

^AbdUlM ibnulEi-Tlianiir 10 

'Abdullah ihnu2-Zib'ai 239 

^Abdul-Malik ihn 'AbduTlSh 
ArhThiiqall 71 

'Abdul-Malik ibn ^Ubaydnliati .^5 

■'AI>du^MuUaTl^ ibn Hil'ihim ibn 
'AbdMunaf3, 1MI.Z4 



^Ahdur-R[ihiTTSn ibn '.\wr4I. 56. 
J 12. 126. 1R9. :a5,2»9 

■ Ahdur-Kahmayi ibn Hlwaymir ibn 
Sr id;Lh 100 

■^Ahdur^fiatimjln ibn Kib242 

^Adiyy ibn Hadm 2S7'25y. 269 

^Adiyy ibnJianua bS) 

\Adiyy ibn Abt az-Zaghba" 12ft, 

^AdiyyibiiKa^bI5 

'AUi ibn'AJnun 4 

^Aif ibn Abt iSlib 30. 40. 60, 
W-97> 101,112, 126. I2S. 132, 
]J5, 145, 148, ISO. 161. 173. 
175. 184. 1X9. J93. 203, 205. 
208. 217> 218. 224. 225. 230, 
243. 258. 2fi9. 282, 236. 2*8, 
200. 2Q3-295 

'AnniiilrihuVasif 42.55. 112 

'Amr ibn iiflzm 143, 206.267 

' Amr ibn ilum^m ibnu!-Jimflli242 

'Amrihnjiill^h 7 

'Arar ibn "Abd Wudd 129, 171, 

172.184 

'An»r ibn ' AhUull^ ail-Dibiib? 265 

'Amr ihti Abdullah al-lumjlii 
137. 155 

'Amr ibn "Umayr 66 

'Anl^ibllJit^^h ihn Ka b J6J 

'Ami Ibn Khuwaylid 278 



*-^^- 



Anu JbiiMiid V^ikrib260, 261 
AmnbnSaiim216 
AmribnSu"Mibnul-"Asi 2)0 
Amr ibn Thibu 14^ 

AmribnTuhflnAs'udt). JO 

AiiTi ibn Umayyah ad-D^mri IfiO, 
210. 211.273 

AmcJbn LJiDayjatj ibn Wahb 23J 

Aifirib?! UTtim Makifim 126 

Amr ibiuii-tliijinim] !2I, J25, 131 

Amr ibnul--A* 57, 5"). fiO. 13i 
J4J,2p 

Arir ibnul-AhTum 353. 254 

Amr iliJUJi-Jiimfili U"? 

Amrah. Ehc Juiighlcr of 
^AhfmnahJ46 

Amruh. the JaugTirc^r nf ^'.^7ld 
281.282 

Adnliit ibn U JulI J , 4 

AHa {Abo YasflD i2S 

AifrJiiiJib I Abfiiii^li's si^vei 1 1 

Avf ibn Lu'ayy 15 

Awribaui-Hariihm 

Au-r ibnur-RLihi" IV 
Ayhai ihn Slifllakh 3 
Aylanibn Mudiir 15 
AyySsh ibn Abi Rabfiili -12. 9? 



i3» 

Bffltis273 
Bai]TrathciJW]nK2-\Ki 

BuLijiy^ ibn Warii^' jUKhiiz^i 20O. 
216.317^219 

B^mh. Lbe d3ufj;h[er of 
'Abdul-^Uzz5 16 

B:irrjh. ilic daughltr of 
^Abtlul-Muitalib iind Ehc 
mnther of Abfl SniJimnh 15, 69 

B:»:7ah, ibc d^njyhicr of Mas^iid 
aih-Thaqafi \4 1 

Bashn.^ ihn 'Atnr al-Juban? 126. 

BijJkl 252 

BiiaJ ib[* Rabab ilhc uiiiwia uf Abfl 
Bafcr) 45, 112-114, 165, 209, 
2 10. 225. 28^ 

^^ ibn SLjfjyiui uJ-KabI 199, 

Blshr tbnut'Bara jbji Mi^iut 209 

BtiinLSIheLli.sciple:73 

B^ijavr jbn Zub^iyj ibn Ah£ SulmEi 
334. 239 

BiiTayrah '(ttiL- mauJiah uf 'Al.>;hut^T 

Cicsar. iTie Roniuii King IfJ. lU 
170.202.272 

D^'ls iil-Khiuraji 161 



— (^— 



DawiDhulhuluban 10.11 
DhO Bu^Hivnal-himyari 9 

.^ _-. - --.-J -t 

Dliu'oyh ihnul-AswittI ihn Baiari 

315 

Diiiyah ibn KholTf^ al-Kalbi 207, 
372 

Diiii3 ibfl Ismn'il 4 

Durayd ibnu^-Simmaft 226, 227 

aiu^am ibn 'Amr til-GhifLiri 123. 

Diraribn'yywkl'Mitiiflllb 15 

Oirjf ibnul'Khaiiab 371 

l-iliiHiUi iProplict Muhimimjd's 
U^Ufihl^T)2S. 217.224 

Al-KhuU.ill>42.6(J.6f 

FSiimiilv Tfe il.iughier of 
AI^Mujalla] 42 

Kiiiiinih. rhe ibu^hkr ai Al-WallJ 

makbibn'Aybarl. 

lijiiuna (u ft-malc ^mgctJ 223 

Farftiih ibo 'Amr iDi 

Fwrwah fbn Musayk al-MurSdJ 
2m. 261 

TihribnM5Ukl5 

FudiUuhibn.'Uraa>r236 



Fukayhati, ihc dau^lilcr of ViLsar 
42 

FurflUbn £Layyan 140 

GhjJlibit>nFihr5J5 

Ghiijlimibn Siiljnmh233 

llumn ibn 'imr3n (pcyce be upon 

Jnni)76.243 
Haramlibn\Abddiiih242 
Haw4haliibnAir273 
HaxvJhiih ibn t)ay* A!-W5'ili 167 

HL-ffh-'lius 213 

llil!i]ibiiUniii3;jal]243 

Hind, t\ic dyuihtcr of 'Uibab J4K 
144 J4&. m22l 

Hind, Ihe (Uiuyhicr of Abil Halah 
27B 

Hish^iibiiitubabubUt?, 1H9 

HSshimihn'AbdManaf3. 15 
Hicham ibn Amr 70. 71,237 

Hishflm ibn ^L'rrt;ali 160. 203 

KMlid ibnuT^Watid 143, 199, 2i4» 
232.24ft, 247,25^1. 2G4-2fi6 

Huafty^JbnlCa'blj 

Huh;i^nh ibn A^ Wiihb 171, .224, 

^^ 
Hudhajl ibn Miidritah 15 

HynJiiuh at-MiniyjTi 12.13 

liaiib ibn Ahi Biilra iJi 112. 215. 
273 



JJ;ilihibniJl-Jianih42 

Hiiiiniai-I§'i25B 

lii">lih>t>n"AmT42 

IJUibib ibn Aiur ihn ^ Umayr 7^ 

!iaMhn>ll"UjayrtflfilhnJlL\ii IR6 

Hiifiah. the dflughiw- of 'limar 
ibnuJ'Kliajiah27B. 279. 2it2 

M^ijIibn'Abdcl-Munalih 15 

U}iiCim ihfi ill/am ibn KtiuwaylHi 
41.129-131,219,236 

H^liniJih, the daughler of Abfi 
Dhu'ayb2J-2J 

iiumnuh, \bc daughter of J^sh 
I52,1'J3. 194 

Hamzali ihn Abdcl-MLiiiulib !5, 
28. 47, 4H, 60, 62, 77, 112JI9, 
126. 132, 144. 145. 150. 
J5M53 

Elamzjlh ibn Abdullah ibn 'Umar 
2U4 

lianialiih \hn Ab? Amir \46 

Liurum ibn MiJh^ 159 

ijEirb ibn Umayyah 27 

JJiiSiin ihn'AlTihn Ab7I-iIib217 

^Win ibn Tbabil al-An^arr 21. 
li*), I7i, 194, 195, aii, 226. 

WasRan ibn Tubfln A-Cad 7,9. 10 



Hassan, ihe bratber of Ukaydir 
PC[nah247 

Hudhayfah ibnu]-Yam3ii 112, 174. 
175 

HujayribtiAbilhahl57 

Hii^aynibfiAbdutliib293 

Hi'^aylib ibn ^AbduU IJ/za 212. 

m 

^ayoyy ihn Akhiab un-Nadri 1 38. 
161.167, 169. 170 176, J79 

Abfl HuJhaynih ibn 'V\hah ibn 
Rjbrah42,56. 112. 13.1 

Ibn A7-harl2n 

Riu Uii^ayniiil-'AbaillO 

Jhn Qami'ah al-tayrbi 145. 147, 



lbnrhalma'274 

ibn U^iimhaJ-Uy[b!247 

Ibn YSinTnibnTlniay'r242 
lbni]l-AsdS'i»lH:dblf69 
Ibnul-Akwj\ Safujiiah ibn '^Amr 

lbrflh!in{pcucobcuponhim>8. iX 
23,29.72-74.76,167.225 

IbtJlJiTm ibrt Muii:*nimud ibn 'All 
ibn AbiTafib30 

ldriM(f)CQCc bcupiin him) 3 

teclra4s273 

IraJnibn Dlii Ya/jn5 



— c^> — 



Isfindjjar 53. 65 
lsma"il(aiiAnpdW4 

Uma'Ti, ihe son of IbiShim (peace 
be upiin bolh of Them) 3. 4, 17, 

Iyasibnul-Baktr42 

'Itriniiih ihn Abi Jahl 14^ t43, 
171-173,223 

"Im3ryb Ibn Ya/Td \A7 

^lm:iruh!bnu!'WaliJ44 

"libii^ibnSili'iy;ih242 

MtH^nibnMJllik ICL 113 
^l^MubnuI-JulHndil273 

Ju'f!^ ibn Ah1 If>lil> 411, 42, 56, 58, 
59,112- 2iail2-2I5 

Jabaliih ihntiUHi'nK'l 22<J 

Jahbar ibn Silinfi 254 

Jabjih ibn Musud al-Gliiinri I S7 

JahnHtHi'Anuihnai-HJii"ih28l 

Jjlim ihi] (J^ys 2) J: 

jn^^rar ibimi-Jiiifldti?:? 

JibnKpc.icc he npm hTm^ 35, ^6, 
73, 75, 76. <J5. 133,175 

JuMjT ibr MuiJni ibn "Adiyy SS, 

145. m 

Jbwjkvrivnh. [Tn? duugtiicr <*f 

Al-Hririil* ihn Abu Diritr 187. 
189, HAJ. 278-280. 282 



Ka*b(baAMd 169, 17[), 176.179 
Kfl^bibnLu'ayyl5 

Kabibn Malik 85. 86. 112. 147, 
233, 243 

Kfiah ibn Murr^ih T5 

kabibnZwyd 159 

Ku^b Jbu Zuiutyr ibn Abl Soiuma 
23';. 240 

Kiiy^iili, ilii; daughter of Al-Udiritb 
Khmid Ihn Zuyd tAbQ Avvflb 

u^Ansurt) 102, \03. 112, 195, 
209 

KliAliJ ibn Mu' Juc iil-Kam'! 23 

KhSlkl ihn Sa'id ibncPX542. 2t0, 

250. 252. 260. 279 

KhalkMhnu!-BykiT42, 15fi 

KhiirijuhibnZiiyaiOl 

KharimhihiiZuha>T|12 

KhahhJb ihnul-Arnit 42, 60, 61, 
64.65 

Khudljiih. IK;' tbu^ifr of 
KhuwjjyTid iPropbi;! 

Muhjmm,id'^ *ifc» 27, ^^ 
3t39, 41, 77,136,278 

Khjwwai ibn Jiibayr I7D 

Khirish ibn liinayyah al-Khuzfl'i 
202 

KhuhtiyhiSn'Arfiyy 156- 159, |70, 



(^ 



Kliimays ibn Htidhiifah as-SahniT 
42,279 

khuKflymuh ibn Mudri^iih 15 

KinOnuti ibn Kluiznnuah ]^ 

Kinanah ibniir-Rahr |6[, l67. 
207, 230 

KuliTujimbnliiwImlOl 

Kuiitifim i^nut-Mtisayn 247 

Kufthilmihnul-Aswjd:i5 

Kuri ibn Jahiral-Fihri 120 

LuKpcaccbcuponhim) 10 

L;ih!dibnRabiali255 

Liikhnay yh Yuniii Dhfi SlianliUr 10 

Lamk ibn MimushiJak^ S 

Layia. [he daughier of Ab£l 

Lu'ayyibnGli^lib 15 

LiiqmfiD R3 

Malik jhn ' Aiiu 142 

MalitJmrAwr226'22S. 231.2.15, 

MMkibn^Uhiiflah264 
Malik ibn Ah? Qjwqtd J6] 
Malik ibn Kinanah 15 



MaiiJ:ibnMnrrjh262. 264 

M,ilik ibn Niiuaymh 269 

Malik iboRifilah 213 

M^llJkibnRahiahair 

Malik ibn SinmHtTicliilhaoi Abil 
Sa'tdal-Kbtjdri/ U7 

Mfllikibrun-Na^rl? 

M^Mihnls[nfl-n4 

MishA ibn IsniA^il 4 

'MflEi ibn *"tmrfn (pcjige iic upon 
liim) 37, 71-74- 76, 77, 1-37, 
20S,2ZB 

Malimrid ibn Asad 149 

M^iJimi^ [bn Masloitiuh 205, 207 

MaBm]yyaIHbnuI'Ja/'21| 

Mii'biil Jhn Abi Mabid 154. 166 

MB^djbn^Ailna[i4 

Ma'rtibn'Adiyy 291 

MahbyJ ihn Qiiynar ibn YilJiish 3 

M:ijrfIibn^A0K:iy,.129 

Miiklimmah Ibn^Ja^-Fa] 123,^37 

MokhshJ (bn Amr 1G6 

Mdnbamannii (The Praphel's name 
inSyriatJSl 

Manjvur jhn 'ftximali 63,71 

Manta273 

MarSrjih ihn RabP 243 

Vliirl],ihirH' kuriO?, 20S 



Manhad '\bn AM Manhad 1^6, 
156. I5S 

Maoram [The Virgin Majy) 59 

MBT^'fld ibn UimBydah 100 

Masmn'fl ihn Ismail 4 
MaymOnah. tfw daughter of 

273,280,282-234 
Mivsarah 27, 2% 
Miitniz ihn Hafi 135, 200. 205. 
MilkflnTbnKmanah'lS 
Miq'^am Abul-QSsfm 295 
Miq^^osibnSvibabah 189.223,224 
HfiSPtmnUlhaibflh i92-l% 

Mis^^ ibn Rukhayfah 163 

Muiiiix ibn Ni?ir IS 

MuhaiibibnFihrlS 

Wuhjyii«hihnMa5^iid20a 

Mutini^ ibn N^lali 136 

Mu^ah ibn 'Umuyr 85. 1 \1. J26. 
143. US, 153 

MuadbibnAfra' lo: 

Mu^adh Lbn Jahal 1 1 2. 23H, 264 

Mu Swiyjih ibn Ahi Sufyiin 158. 
236 

MuSwi/iihibrul-Mughirah 155 

Mu'anunar ihn 'Abdii[lfih ibn 



Niilah 21 1 
Mu^amniar ibnul-H^th 42 
Mu*aiiibibnQu.ihayrl7a ISI 

Mo'awv;^dhibnul-aari^ 1^2 

Mu ayqifj ibn Abi Ffliimah 2I0 

Mudrikahibnllyas3. 15 

Mubamraud ibfl Tbcahim 285 

MutianunaJ ibn Jafai 283 

Muhammad ibn Ka^b 95. 174 

Mnll^iniatl ibn Mas! amah 207 

Muhammnd ibn Muslim 82. 206. 
24!, 247, 261. 273, 2B2-2a5. 
291.292 

MukhayiTq iheJcsw 149 

Mulayhyl'KanadT82 

MunJbbih (onaiiaa'ah)216 

Miinabhib ibn'Umman 184 

MunJjbbihitinul-HajjajSO, l29 

Muqaw*iai ibrt Nii^ur 4 

Munah ibn Ka'b IS 

MusirribnXalliah 146 

Musaylimah ibn Uiibib aJ-Haniifl 
(the liarj 52, 356. 257. 
a8'270,29i 

Mwiushalakh ibn Athnflkh 3 

Nahur ibn Sartgb 3 

NaMribnTByttth3 

NfihtEitinlsTTin! 14 



Nan" ibn Bu(LijI ibn WarqV 159 

MflfiibnUmk? 

NailEiih jbn Hlshim 70 

N!iba.shibnIami'Jl4 

Nawfal ibn "Abd Mffliflf [5 

NawfuJ Lbn Abttullah 121, [22, 
154 

Nawfai ibn KliuuayUd 129 

Nawfal ibn Mu^awiyah 215 

Niitas (Salwan's mawI5} J57 

NizaribnMa^d4.15 

r^u'aym ibn "Ahd Kxilftl 262, 263 

Niiaym ibn "Abdolliih A2. 60. 91 

Nu'aym ibn Mas'Qd 172-174, 270 

Nu^ayra ibn YdzJd 353 

Nubayhjbnu[-U4jiaj50, 129 

NufBylfcnHaSJbl2.l4 

Kumaylah ibn 'Abdullah 223 

Numayf ibn KiLUuluh 24^ 

Nusaybah. ifie daughter of Ka^b S6 

Paraclete, ibc Prophet's name in 
Greek 31 

Qaribibqul-Aawftd 227, 2S1 

QabT&ah Jbn \i.mral-Hila! 211 

Qamahjbnllvas 15 

Qanasfhn Ma"d 4 

Qaydar ihn hmfl'il 4 



QayUhufflibnIwiiS"l4 

Qaynnn ibn YiUiish3 

Qays ibn 'Asim 253, 254, 269 

Qays ibn Makhi^mHh 2i 

QaysMMakshli|i260 

Qays ibnul'^ib 253 

Qaysibnu[-HL"SayD26fi 

'0Od^'^i1mMa^d4 

Qugayy ibnKi^b 3, 15. 51. 94 

Qmbab ibn Qfllfidab 213 

Qudamah ibn M:i£~Lln 41 

K^'ii[bDP51ildi3 

naff ibn Kbuday) 143 

Ran' ihn Malik B4 

RatTah iba ^AbbM R2. 

RabraliibnNjiSF4, 7 

RiibratiibnNjiarlS 

Etab[ ahibnul-ljarrtb26I 

Ramlah, Uie daughter of Abl 'Awf 
42 

RaykSnah. ibe daughter of 'Amf 
ibn Khun^ub ISO 

Rayiab. the dnughicr of Munabbih 
ibnul'Hajjfij M 

Rifii'ah ibn Samuw'al al-Qurayit 
ISO 

Rifaah ibn Zayd ibn aHflbai iS9 

Rufaydah Al-Aslamh-yah 178 



Ruqayviih (Prophet Muhammad's 
daughter) 2S. 5£i 

Ruslam a,sh-Sh1d 53. 65 

Siibui ibn KhurtM 7 

Sfl^diirti^ubflttihaa,S9jo[, no. 

1.7l,m.237.2SS,290,2iil 

Sam ibn'Umttyr 342 

Sdliiw ibn mh 3 

Simah itm Lu'ayy 15 

SiiOgh ibn R^'O 3 

Sirah (lilt mnwiah of BanQ 
~\b<jiil-MimalJb) 22^. 224 

oHfai4. 5 

Sa^id ibn UuravEh al-MakhzOm? 
223 

Sa'W ibn Amir 158 

Sa'idihJi*l.Fb3yJ234 

SB"TdibnJubayr56 

Sa*tdibnKiJulid2lO 

Sa'tdihnYarba^237 

Sa^iJ ibn Zayd ibn Am 41, 60. 
61,112.289 

Sa"idibnul-MuaJm2B3 

Sa'iA ibnul-Musayyab 74 

Sa"'d ibn AH Waqqa& il, 43, 
IE9-I21. 123. 12«. l47.2flS 

Sa^d iba KluythamiilL 10 1 

SaC ibn Mu'^dh M2. 127, 130, 
153. 170, 171, 178. iSi. 1R4, 



2+7 

Sa"dibnZaydj]-Ansiri ISO, 186 

Sadibnur-Rabr 101.112 

Siihl i^bnBiuiajf 162 

SabI ibn ^Amf 10(2 

Sablaft. ilrc dangbiei uf Siihavl 5G 

S^ilibnAmc42,273,279 

SaiItibrQaysl02 

Sniumah ibn 'Amr ibnel-AkwiS* 
laS- 186,208 

Salomali ^bp Abi Sulmnab 279 

Sabimah ibn Nairn ibn Mas'CTd 
270 

SiUamah ibn SflUmah ibn Waqsh 
112,12S. 135 

SallSm ibn Abcl-Huqayq an-NuUri 
161.167 

Sallam ibn Mishkam 138, 2fW 

SalniA ibnul-Aswjd ibn Kuzn 215 

SalmS. the dyughter of 'Amr fthc 
nuiibtruf 'Abdul-MuUaljb) 102 

Saltna. the daughter tjfQuyi i79 

SalmSnaJ-Fahsin2 

Samurah ibn Jundiib 143 

Suwdah, Lhc daughter of Zam^ali 
ibnQays278.282 

Sbaiakh ibn Affakhbhadli 3 

ShTih ibn Adym 3 



Shaddid ibn Abdullah d-QinajiI 
266 

ShaddOd ibnuJ-Aswfld 146 

ShaybahihnUlhrniin?29 

Shaybah ibn Rabi^ah 50. 78, 80. 
129. 132. 134 

Shuj^' ibnWahbal-A,s;i:ir273 

ShurjiJibil ibn Ghayliin i^ 
SaJmnHli 249 

Simflk Ibn idiara-shah fAbO 
Diijamih) I43h 144, !47, 162 

Smin ibn Wabur al-Jiiliani JB7 

Subay ibnuI-H^th 227 

Suhayi tbn 'Amr 102. 129, 203, 
204, 236, 295 

SuhayL ibn Buy^j' 56 

SulSfiih. Ihe dauphlcr of Sa'd ibi 
Sbahid J46, i56 

Sur^qah ibn Maiik 58. W. 126 

Suwayd a^Khazraji 161 

Suwayd ibn S^oUL S3 

S^iyyah. ihe daughter of Huyayy 
ibn Ahhi^b :!C7, 209. 278, ZZO, 

:s2 

Safiyyah, ihc liaughitf of 
" Abdul -Muiloiib IS. JSl, 152, 
2(IH 

Safiyyah, ihc daughter of Shaybah 
224. 

Safwdn ibn Uniflvviih 14J. 157, 



'228, 236 

^afwSn ibnul-Mu aiiaj as-Salmi 
491 

£ayiTibnAmRirs>h 137 

SuliBvb ihn Smaa nr-RtimT 42 

fiurad ibn Atxlullflii ai-A/di 261, 

Tumas 274 

Tamim ibn Asad3l5 

Tayialiihn Ya*rub4 

ToyyiinibnGhfllib 15 

Tayyim ihn Muirah 1 5 

ThiibilibnAqrjm2l4 

Thflbii ibn Qays ibn ash-5Hammis 
1 89. 253. 27y. 280 

TTia^liibahibnSiiyoti 180 

The Ncgitt (ihc Abyssinian king) 
II, 12, 57-60, 62, 202, 210. 
211,273 

Thumamah ibn Uihal 273 

Tubdn As ad 7-9 

lahikhihibnNyailS 

lima ibn IsmriM 

Ifllbah ibn -Ubayduilih 41, 112; 
147, I4a. 185, 2fiS 

Xu^aymahibn'Adiyy 129 

'Ijbaydah ibnul-IiSfiih ibn 
"Abdul-Mullalib 41. 116. 132, 
281 



Lfbayyibn Ka'b [19 
UbayyibnKhaUffi7, 148 

Udad ibn Muljawarmi 3 

LIkayder DawmoJi. ibn 

^AbJcl-Mdik 246. 247 

II may mail, tlic dflu^hict of 
'AtHlul-Muualib 15 

"LTmnyribnWahb HI, 237.244 

Uniayyuh ibn Khalaf ibn Wahb 50, 
54.64.68, 7K, 125, U9, 134, 
157 

Umm Habibah, Ramlah, iIk; 
duuelikT 01 Abfl Sufyan 217, 
.27a, 279, 2^. 

Umm HakiTH, Al-BayiS', Oie 
dougliler of ' Abdul-MuUalib 

Unim M^irn. ihc djiigii^er of 
Al-llJriihibnm^hani I'll. 223 

Umm Amr (ihe ex-slave woman 
or'Urv/ah ihDul-Wurd) 162 

Umm Uhays55 

UmmAyy0blO2, 103.195 

Umm HSni'. the daiiglilcr of Abu 
iaiib224,2M 

Umm Jjmrt. ihe daughter of iiarb 
ibn limiiyyah64 

Vmii KiiiilnJm (PmplKi 

Muiiamn^ad's diiughieO 28 



Umm Misiub. ^ duu&hiet of Abfl 
Rllhml92 

Umm Salamah. HM. the daughter 
of Aliu Uraayyah iProphd 
Mubanimad's *ifcf J 6. 57 > 
177. 219, 233, 278, 279, 282> 

283 

Umm Sulaym. the duughicr of 
Miliifln209,230 

Usamali ibn Zayd ibn nariQiah 
143, 193.372,274,283.284 

rXTfiayd 225 

Uiayd ibo JiuOayi 153. 1»8, 193. 

UiaydihnZuhayr 143,186 

Usayrah ibn AbJ Khdrijah (Abfl 
Salil) 102 

'Uyaynah ibn itiin 16*. 170, IBS, 
234-23fi, :53 

'tjiarid ibn HSjib ibn ZuTarah 252, 

Ubadah ibnuS'Samil S4. 89. 139, 
1S7 

'ybaydibn'UiTiayr35 

'UbuydlbnZ^yd 18ft 
'UbflyaullJh ibn ■Abdullah 2H2, 

'UkGhhithtbnMiliiiun L2i. 186 
Ulbahibn Zayd 242 
■UmarahibnHiJiniWS 



■Umii:ib]iAbjSaIamah279 

'Umar ibnul-Khauib 42, 55. W. 
62.77.93, 112, )13. J26, 133. 
135, H8. 150, t56. 158. 161, 
187,, 189, 202. 20.1. 205, 21)8, 
210. 217. Zm, 220, 224, 234. 
279,284-292,295 

Xmftjr ibnul'liumitra 133 

'Uqaylfhnu1-Aswadl35 

'Uqhah ibn Ahi Ma il 67, 69, 125, 
134 

'Uqbahibnul-li^iliilS? 
'Uqhah!bnNainir254 
'Uiwah ibn AMFii" 159 

'Urftoh ibo Ma^'Od 74, 201, 248, 
249. 25 i 

'Unvflh ibnul-Ward l62 

^VrviiH ibnui^-Zubayr 8*. 253, 291 

'Utbuh ibD Ab? Waqqis 147 

^UlbiiliihnM«'Lid2ll 

'UihMiin ibn lalhah 224. 225 

'Uthmiln ibfi 'Abdullah ibn 
R^rah231 

'lllhnian ibn ^Abdill^ 

ibnt1'MughIr3hI22, 121 

^Ulhman ibn "Affan 56, IJ2. 202, 
20?S, 221. 234, 242. 246. 262.295 

^Ullnnfin ibn Abel-" A^ 249, 250 

'UlhrnSn ibn Mbj Qn 4 1 . 56. 69 



^UlhmanTbnRabrjhin 
^LiwaymibnS3^i<iah 112, 29J 
Wfiqidibn'AbdilJ^i42, 121 
Wdhstjl 145 
WBdrahl6l 

.Wahblb!iJ§bir24g 

I ■ - -■- 

Waraqah ibn Nawfa( 2S. 37. 54 
Yani^U ibn Shiih 3 

YaaEn34ft 

Yflsif rAniniar"s faihcr) 55 

Yasiril>eJcw208 

YQdis274 

YOnu.^ ibfi Mana fpeacc be upon 
him) 80 

YGsuf ibn Ya'qfib (peace be upon 
(hem) 76. 194 

Yabya ibn "Abbfld 287 

Yaiiya ibn Zakariyyfl (peace be 
upon (he H!) 76 

Va'qOb (pCAcc be upon him) 194 

ya'*jabus274 

Yarub ibu Yashjub 4 

Yah^ 274 

Yiikhliid ibrtun-Nfldi 15 

Yaqa^ab ibn Murrah 15 

Yiud ibn Mahlayl 3 

Vasbjub ibn Nfibit 4 

Yazid ibn AWel-Madart 266 



Ya/!dibnAbTllablb273 
Yfffk] lUn Ruman 190, 241. 

Tutjanna ibn BuTJoh 34* 

Yuiiannas. thedcscipic }1, 274 

yulQriibalsma^il4 

ZahrahibnKi!Sbl5 

ZanTa^ ibnuJ-Aswad ibrj 

"Abdel-Muiialib 50. 70, 7i, 
139. 135 

Zavd ibn HSrilhah 76. I !2. 126» 
134,140.212.213.214,279 

Zii>dJbnArqiunl87. IR8 

Zitjid ibn SshI tAbfi lalbflh) 205. 
230. 294 

Zayd ibn ThSbit U3 

Zajtl jbnuii-Diiihinah 156. 157 

Za^d ibnul-Lusayi 245 

Zaynab (Propbci Mubainmad's 
daiighttr)2B, 135. 136 

ZajTiab. ihc daughler of AhU H3lah 
278 

Zavnab. ibc daufihwr of AbO 
SuUTiah279 

ZajTiah. the daughitr of AL-^HfiriOi 

Zaynab. tl:ie daugluei "f Ja^sb 193. 
278. 279,281. 2fi2 

Z;iyn;^, ihc daufiiiier of 



Khuzajraah28l..2S2 

Ziyfid ibtius-Skan 147 

ZiyadibnUbid 101,269 

^nhayr. AbQ £urad 335 

Zuhayr ibn Abi SahaA 94 

Zuhayr ibn Ab! Umayyab 
ibncl-Mughirah 70 

ajf^ahDhONuwasift U 

Zur ah Dliii Yazan 262, 264 



2- Tribes, CommunJTles, 
and the Like 



Abfl Ahmail2i8 

Abul-JiuqayqaOT 

Abyauiiara 141. 150, 1^9.301. 202 

Al-tJarith]bnFihr2n 

AI-HSrith ibn Ka*b 264-266 

Al-Hariih ibnul-Khazraj 101. 108, 
113,2-19.253 

Al-^AiibnSatdl2a 

AJ-A5rar= Romans 241 

AJ-Bakfr ibn ^Abd YiiTl 42, 103 

Al-Muudlib 63.69,70 

Anslr S3-S5, 93. 107, lOS. 11?, 

IB, 121. 132, 137, 142. 143. 

151, 153, 155, 160. 162. 165, 

178, 1B7, I8K. 193. 199, 223, 

226. 229. 230, 235-238, 240. 

242, 24B. 256. 2S0, 2S3, 288, 

290.291 

Asad ibn 'Abdel-'Uzza 29, 210, 
22fi.369 

Ash'art people 4 

Afihj3"16a.269 

M]Am47. 178. 24« 

Avisi5,K7. 109-111,137,178, 193,222 



AwsuUafi 89 

A7d26l 

'Aial 155, 170 

^Abd Manaf 17.29,52, 61.69. 70. 
95,220 

'AWSham^ ihn 'Abd Man5f 2 10 

'Abdud-DSr ibn C^ayy 29, 55, 

143, 144.211,278 

^Abdul-A-shhid 149, 153, 173, 180 

^AWul-Muiialib 63, SZ, 124, 223. 

235, 2a6 

'Ab<lul-Q-dysl54, 256 

^AdiyymnKab:9,eO. 103,202,23) 

'Arfiyy ibnuii-MaijS24. HH 

■Ajlan2l4,291 

^Aiiir ibn Hii^in 245 

*Amrlbn'Xmir227 

*Ajiy ftm Awf R3, lOl, 109. reo, Z42 

'Ar[abibrtMaiiki49 

^Awf 103,110 

"Awf ibn ■ Amir 227 

"Awfibnul-Kliiii^j 161.293 

'Airar ibn Sa'^a'ah 82. B3, 
159 161.254,255 



— CS^ 



'Amir ibn Lu'ayy PB4, 203, 2U. 
223.237.273 

Bahra" 2 1 3 
Bakjibn'AbdMan3hl25,2l5 

Bi^ iW wa-il 140, 254. 115, 2t6 

Bali 213. 258 
Bay^ab 101,169 
DeitM:r^274 

Bkcki 6 

C^msTiaQ&30, 79. 139.258 

Companions oT A^-Samurah 229 
Coiiipaniotis of the ELepHani 15 

pIMufH4EiOBaIu)2l^ 

'DSakUO, 15J 

Di&ciples (of Proplwl 'Ua) 272, 

273 
DararflhibnBidcrl20, 166 

Faliin 236 

Fazirah 235 

GhaSflfan '38. IM, 1G8-170. 172, 
I7fi. lS0-m3, 185, lHfi/207 

Ghif5ri85. 22&,243 

Ghufrah JO 

mshim ibn ^Abd Maoar 40, 63, 
69,70, 133 

HiimJan260.262.263 

HttWazin 226-228, 23Q, 231. 23*, 

m 



Hind 266 

Hodbayl ibn Mudrikah 7. 12. 156. 
157.271 

HacitlwJlH3. 181, 206.242 

H^iramtllS 

liajiaj I2S 

l^mifah 83, 256. 237. 2*9 

Himyai (tin Saba' 4, 9. 11. 262, 
264 

if^)l7L 
Icash3h213 

Irain84 

UsBydibii"Amr278 

Israel 127, 179.200 

Jalish ibn Ri'ab i03 
In^ati 1 la 

Jews 21, 26. 30, S4. 87. 100. 

108-in. H3, 139, 142. 149. 

I6t. 167. 16B. 173- 176. ISS, 
a07 

Judh£m213 

Juhaynith 240 

Jumuh ibn ^Amr 29, 54. 79. 80. 

in 

iuihum 8 
JushumlOg.no. 226 



Kii^bZ16,226. 227 

Ka'bibn Awf 187 

Khalmah 106 

Khuih' am 12.261 

KhajTH} n-SS, S7-S9, 137. 170. 
178 Jfi9. 1^3,222,230 

Khu^flah iai. 200.204,215,216, 
220, 279 

Kiiab 226. 227 

kindnfiti 12, 26.27, J26. 150. 169. 
i7J,2i7 

KJncIali82. 246. 260,26i 

UWim2l3 

Uyth 271 

Libyan 184 

Lihb 24, 

Maidn 103 

Ma'flfir 262 

Miidhijlj 260 

Makhium ibn Y^qa^ah 29, 48, 55, 
^3.184.224 

M-Ajm ihnun-Niijjflr 242 

■Mutjur 15,160 

Miiharib 164 

MuH^li4 1*6, 187, laS, 190, 273, 
7S(1 

Mu*aliib251 

Muammai 55 



Mutiiij no 

Mnn<]idh ibn " Amr ibr Ma*Ts 28 1 

Muiad 260 

Murnth 168 

Muzayoah 219, 22J, 226 

Nai^rl3S, 160-163, 167.282 

NadrJbnKlnannh 3, 15,261 

Na5F226 

Ni^ii 109 

NagftrJO:. r0S.no. 195.256 

Qa;aftI55, 170 

QanasibnMa^d4 

Qaviah 100. 143 

Qaynm 

C?aynuqfl' 139, IW, 16^. 178. iSfl 

Qays^Ayian27,226 

Quda^a]i4.258' 

Qufayzah 169, 173-181. 183 

R^kOsI people 25? 

Ru>'n262. 263 

Sridah 101, lUS, 159. 244, 286, 

Saiioi ibn Malik 249 
Saiiraibn Awf 101 

SSmah JbnLu'ay>2gl 



Sa'd Hiidhayra 17 
Sad Ihn Bakr 2(^23, 226. IHI. 
235. 253, 269 

Sa'dibnUyih 103 

Saba'lQ 

Sahinibn'Ami29. 211 

Saltrn 137,159.219, 221, 226, 235 

S-UOJ 255 

Sulamah 112. 133. 181. 203.236. 
2^\.2A2 

Shanfl'ah74, 76 

Shuiaybah 110 

Tamim ibn Miui 211, 235, 252, 

Thii"lat»ah 110.164 

Tha labah ibnvil-FiiiJyttIn 149 

Thiqif 12, 66, 79. 81, 226. 227, 
231, 236.24*, 249,251. 252 

ThumSlah 236 
Iayyr244.25S.269 

UmsLyyoh 103 
*Udhrah2l3i 
Waqif 106,242 

Yasar249 
ZahralMbnKiiab29,211 

2afarl53 



3- Geographical Names 



Abwa' Z4 
Abyan 1 C 

Abyssinia 56» 57, 6C, 89, 93, 279, 
284 

Ajnid ir» 

AJth[|i.r24a 

Amiij7. JOO, lM.2k9 

Arabian Pcniniula 2Q5 

Aykih 246 

"Abfibid 100 

■Aq?q 126, 2B0 

'AtjabiJi 8_1. B^-S6. 8S, 69, 127 

'Aqanqal 130 

^Aq TOO. 

■AslSii7J0O, IR 1.99,216.219 
BID ISA 

8aljriinl2M38 
Babel 25*). 274 

Bid. 3S, 120. \2X 126, I2S-I30. 

132, 136, 138. 140v JJ2. 144, 
150, 155. 166. 17K 183. 192. 
2n,2JS,293 



Bfllqa'2r3,272.274 

Baqr EKjharqad 277 

Baq-S'ieS 

Baric al-Ghiniiid 127 

Ba(r3' 184 

Bulirai ar-Ru£ha^ 233 
Bua[S20,23,2S 

Buwai 119 
Danini 272. 274 
"Dflraah 34fi 
Danjdiul-J^ndal I(i6 
DM[ur-Riqa* 165, 166 

DhQSan'fl"260 
Dhuluwa 199.222 

DhuAnoirUa 
Dha Kaihr lOO 
DhlLQilIadTS.^, 1S6 
'bblj ^ialam lOO 
DhannbNaqma 169 
Dhubab 243 
Dhul-Hulayfahl26 
Dhu^HuduiFi25l 



Fadak 208 

FiyfJ'uUKhabarl20 

Ghabahl85 

Chum 184 
Ctiuron 184 
Hadah 156 
Hinih 4. 7 

Had ram a wi 2(i** 

HajCin 70 

lijmrS" jd-AiDd 154 

ilM^z 17. ]20. 121. 123, nS. 156, 

188. 2eo.:74 

aijr 16.29.47 
Ifiri' 35, 36 

Uimh 100. 165 

Hinui 3uiiQ StilTm [59 

Hudaybiyab 2CW. 203, 205> 206. 
21C, 213, 272 

Hiuiayn 99, 222. 226. 228-230. 
232. 233, 253 

Ifliq7,5i, 12SJ40,295 
■Injuz-^abyab l26. 133, 

Jadfliid 100 
Jarivd' 246 
Ja*ihiyyah 2S& 
Jtdda^ 28 



jrTaita]l99.2:32.234.236.23fi 

JoTdan95 

Jurash 5. 233.26^.262 

Jurf 169. 243,283 

KaiTbah 208 

Khiilaiq 120 

Khaybarl9. 161.206.207,211 

KhirarlOO, 120 

Itudayd219 

Kurirul-Ghumini U5, 199 

UqflOO 

Uyyali 233 

Mabaj 100 

Ma!in2l3 

Mmluiah 

Mnhya'3hll5 

M^flnnahl66.238 

Makm^llW 
Makkah 

M^a£-ZahrSB2l9.23S 
Mflshfirif2l3 

Mini! E2. S8 

MuuOl 212; 213.215 

MughammBS 12 
.Muluyli233 
Muraysf IB7 



<S)~ 



MiiAliaqq;iq iv^leyl 247 

N3ziyjihl26. 134 

Ninawii «0 
3Niqul-'U^3b2IP 

Na^lbtn « 1 

Niy^SM, US. 140, 15y, J63. 169, IBC 

NflJTSnfi, 10.265,269 

Nakhb 233 

Nakfil 164. 165 

NafchtahSI. 121.231 

NakM^ii al-YaimUijyyiih 233 

Naqi^ US 

Nileirivcr)59,60 

Palestine 272, 274 

Persia 7, S3, 272 

Qf.di&iy^ah 25^ 

QaiiSt 138, 141. i4J, 160.249 
Oara 23i: 

Qarqardtul-Kudr IJ8» 160 
Qubd' too. 101 
Qura rvaiky) 209 
RRnimaMOl 
RUmah 169 

Rflmiyyali 273 
Radwij 1 19 

Ri^idhah 246 



'mm 260 

RajT IS6. 170, 184,207 
RflWlh,ih 100 

Ri4iq5ji 126 
SSyah 184 

Sabkliah 141J71 
Sajs^iJ [26 
SoY 169, 131, 185 
Shabakst Shadokh 248 
Shawl i42 

Shi'l>at*Abdvi|lflh!20 

SymH, 17,20,23,25.27.41.51, 
53, R5. 86. 123, 136. 140. 145, 
158, 163. 184. 212. 213. 246, 
258.272.273 

Safrfi- 126, 1X135 

SahhS" 207 

Samghah 143 

SaJi^i' 11,269 

Sirarl64 

Sutlkjyrat uJ-Yajnam 120, 126, 184 

^abOk 24 1, 244. 246-248, 252, 262 
JjoCm 157 

Thaniyyat ar A'ir 100 
Tbaniyyai al-Murir 200 
TTiHwr*)? 



Tihamah 12. 169.229,236 

Tuitan ! 26 

Jd'if 12.79, 80,9^. 121^ I'M' 222. 
aai, 235-236, 23S. 239, 249, 
2SK253 

UkudUl. Ul-145, 149.152. 153, 
IS5.I69.ni. 181. 10.2S2 

^Umfin 273 

Waddao 116, 166 

Waj]25| 

Walir2l5,2l6 

Yalyal 120 

Yamamah 52. 257,268. 273 

Yothiib iMadinah) 21. 6B. 108., 
UIJ31 

Yettrt^n 4. 6- 1 1 , U, 145. 240, 246, 
261,269 

ZughSbflh 169 

2ahrajil56. 157, 166,219.238 



Glossary 

ABi Ahcr Hijrah fThc Prophei's Emigraiion id MadTnah]. 
AI'Aqaa Mtfxque. Ttie SacreiJ Mostjuc of Jcrusaleni. 

Aimu Akbar: "AlJah is Grtfllrr- is a liUfral iran^laiion of ihf Arabic 
senienM VIWuAh ^**a/'. We use ihc word. -'Greater" instead of, "ihi: 
GrcdEcsi", as ii )^ commonly uwd. becau.se "AimuAkhar'- LITERALLY 
mean^. "Allnh is Grealer- in the compiuaiivy mode. Yc(, Uus does not 
mean thai Elc [Glwj be lo Him) is noi the Greatest, nor does W luean thai 
[here is anyrhing fbai csm he compared lo Him. This is because when ihc 
Muslim says \i. he means He is "£rcat£r THAN !m>ihing else, which, 
conj^qucnily. means }^c \\ ihe Greatest, This use gives moie inniience. 
as il dirccdy icfninds \ht Muslim ihai Aliah i.s "Greaicr" [ban anyihing 
he may be doing, heanng. or seemg, cic. ai tk lime when ii is being 
pri>.>oum;cd, TtiLs inay be wtiy JL « used in Arabic in the compai^uve 
mode, otherwise it shotdd jm^c been u^e^l as -Allah ul-Akbar' . in Ihe 
superlative rrnxle, the \t^s\niioD of whicfi would he "AiJah is ibe 
Grcatcsr. Surtiy. Allali knowsbesi. 

AniSti: An adjeclive as well as a noun rcfcmng lo a person belonging u> the 
Ans5r. 

Angar: The plural Arebic f orm of Aji^arL 

^Asrpraytr. ATicmuon prayer. 

Azlam: Literally, a/lam means "arrows". Here \\ means arrowi used in seel 
good Jack or a decision, practiced by ihe Ar^bs of Pre-klamjc Period of 
Ignortmcc- 

Ban^. Lite^aUy, Bani means "sons", and Llic name ;hai follows il often 

refers to die pcfwm to which a tribe or cJan belonged, as in Banii 
Qurayjah. 

tJa^wtih: Tins void invotv(^ the mcaniDg of callmg people to Jslam Ihrough 
the best and ouist suitable nuranfl. 



iyinan Thtt basic ^aid unil <i( ctim^nL-y. 

thrham^ The busic silver unit <i.t cuncTU:y. 

gj/^J prTi\er. Foraiofln praj^r. Jl is one of Ehi- volunlflFV piaycr*, 

Fajr prayer. Djwn ovcarl> mommg pmiT befon: sunriiC. 

f ifl/f' Mamie Juri^p.nHicncc, 

Fiinah. \vi Arabic, ihi!i ^'ord hu-s diffcreEH meanings, ^u^-h [i.v scductitm. 
int5i]lniioi3,aiiij3lJlittion. 

iitiram: Smit^lnarics [of Moikiili or M:idlniih). 

Uijr. I'lic uDiuofcd portion of itic Kj'lKth which uL jsTvsv.m Ls iw ihe lorm ol a 
cmiipounfl [owurdiJhcnorUiof EheKabub. 

■/vftfl' z*™*'^''': f^^'^nii^S Prayer lu limt ^Init« uhiwil tmc and a half hours 

'tilikhtirah. A prwyurconsKlinfi"J'lwoRdk'atisLn whij:hlliepr!iyingpChion 
' apppuk 1^ AlJ^ih i.> giiiik hJin on ihe rifihl way, tcgardm^ a certain tli.-cd 
or Mtuauon *iih vvhich one i^ conftiWcd. iSec W*V/? No. 253, Vui- 1 
^Yf/iWi N.r 39 L Vol. K, h'^dUh No. 487, Vol. ^, 5^ri^^i «/ B.it/i^r^^. 

JanSbah: The sinfc <>f u person after having scxufll Lniercom>c 'A'"i)i lii-s wife 
ittalkrhuvingascxuaJ discharge in a wcLdn.ara. 

Ji/mrf' r-if.hiini^ in Ihu tau^^c of AlTah or anv tik^ oJ^cffon W ni:ikti Allah's 
ward supcnor, which is regnnJtil a^ one of (he principles of I'^iura, 

Ji^ah: H.:;.a i;ix imposed hy Mam On all non-Muslims tivinj? unrfcE the 

iptoigcium i>l Jn IsbmiL- govcrninL-nL 
Jttpttf'^h pra^wrthf Congreguiiona! prayer which is ^rfom^c^l on Friday 
ill ihu umc of Ihv Zuiif prayer. 

Kflhiih: A sqiiart .-.[one bdikhr^s in Al-MivjId-al-Harlm flbe *ieai iw^squc 
:il Mi^kkahJ uv^vunis ivKich jII Mu^Tims mm iherc fjtL-s in priAur. 

}ihamr anyihing Thii mfOMCJlcs. viit'h iit wi[\c andlilCliKc. 
/tfoifina/t Wcll-linown town lu Siiudi Arabia, whore Ihe Prnpheri* lUO^Ue 
If. fiilU:i[i^d. 



Miikkah. Wirll-fcoown xmn in Saudi Arabia, where ^ Ka'hah and the 
Inviolably Mosque are situitrcd. 

\fawlah\ l^mak mawla. 

MewlB: Jn Arjbic. thJR worf is used for many moanifigs such as friend, 
fcTlow. cTienU servani. and fiwd m.in. 

Mu'adhdhin The one whoculb Muslims lo perform praycii, 
flfw/*;. A dry mcBsurc {^ IBJ, Taoijicr = 4461). 
Mahdjirfm: the plural oFMuhajir. 

Muhdjir. In this book, ii refers lo anyone of ihc eiirly Mtiilimr^ who bad 
..emjfiTBted from any place lo Madinah, in the liforime of iht Prophcr 
hefcire the ;:onqucsi of Maktah. Muhajir al.^i refers m iho one who 
cmignucs for iltc ,'iiikt; of AJlah and Islam and ;ilj.o ihe one ^^'hO qiiils all 
lht)se things which Allah hii:< forbidden. 

.Muftsaa. Oik whi> is in proicciion from fldultcfy because he, or she, i^ 
maTiJctl (or has liccii nurriijd), odJ ihu^ npi lu be cho^Lc 

Pbub; Peace be upon him. 

Qihfah: The direction in which all Muslim? tum ilicir facci in prayers and 
;^i direction U lowHirdi ihr Ka bah in MaUah [Saudi Arabia). 

Qumysh: One of \\k grcaicM iribes in Arabia in the Prc-blamic Period of 
I^uronce. The Prophcl Muhammad belonged to Ihi^ uibe which haif 
grcai powers \piriiuaNy ^ad rmpncialjy ho[b before and atter Islam 



came. 



QuiayshT (plural Qiirayshls): an adjective as well as a noLJi refen-inE to a 
person belonging (o ihc Quray^lL 

Rak'^afi The prdyerof Muslims consists of rat'di iskngLLlarf^jA'ij/ii, wliicb 
ron!iiflt& of one smnding, ore bowing and <w(i act!, grpfosLTfliion. 

Rib&\ In IsJani. RihS (commonly known as usuiyl te of two major klnd^: (aj 

J?i/^J Naxd'ah, i.e. imcresi itn lent money; (b) ff/7»d at-FadL i.e, luking a 

superior IbiQg of the Rami; kind of goods by giving miwe \>i the ^ame 

Ltnd of gmidi of mfcrinr qualjiy, e.g., dmei. of iiuperior quaiily for Jatcs 

of inferior qujJfly in greairr amount, Islam Mrictly forbids all bnds of 
Riha. 



^:ii03 hires of fotJd. 

Sirah- Rccofd aspects of the ProphciVs (pbuh) life. 

Hunnah Alt the tradilions and pracilc*:^ of The Prophcl (phuh) thai have 

become a nindel k> be Rillowed by Muslinis, 
Siirab' Any chMprer of ihcQur'uii isBnWfijft-. 
TTraqr/: A trihc ihai awi;llird All^'if. a Iowa nenrMattall. 
Umrah: A visil W Makkah ai anv Ume of th* year during ^hich one 

pcrfotms ihc cin;umamhulaiit>n around the K:!'b,ih anii guing for seven 

lime-i biiiwccn Hil movirliiins of As-Safi and Al-Miuwah, II may be 

oiJled The Le^^r Pilgrimage'. 

Yar^iib: Ore of ihe namps of Madinah wiih *hi[:h ir was known before ibe 

Pfophei em jg ruled to iu 
Zakah: A ccn^in ri:^ed proportion of ihe wcallh and of the each and every 

fcmd nf (h-r properly liibic to ISifih of a Muslim lo be paid yearly for Ihc 

bcncfii c»f [be pt^oi in the MiJ^rini communiiy. The paynicnl of Z;ikiSh is 

obiigatary. as it is one of the five pdlafs of islam. 
Zamziitn: The sacred well in-side Ihc Hnnirn tlhe Grand Mosque) ai 

Makkah. 
Zufcr prayer Noon, mid-day prayer is called ^thr prayer. 



<a) 



o 



Transliteration 



Arabic 


English 


'=/! 


a^' 


¥ 


b 


'^ 


J^ 


J^ 


th 


t 


J, 


c 


fi 




kh 


^ 


d 




<lh 


J 


r 


k. 

a' 


X 


O- 


s 


4 


sh 


^J- 


& 


q 

U" 


d 


1> 


I 


^ 


£ 


t 


' 


t 


%h 


>-i 


f 


J' 


q 


-<£f'i 


k 



Arabic 


English 


J. 


ij 


r 


m 


W 


n 


*-- 


^ 


*.: 


ll/t 


^ 


w 


^ 


S'; 


Vowels 


Short Voweii 


«*■■ 


a 




i'-c? 


■ ■ 


I.-U 


LGHg 


Vowels 


l/L.. 


S 




ft 


<#; 


t 


DLpibDn^t 


J 


aw 


.<#. 


sy