104 AN APOLOGY tfOK IULKKJS indifferent to your achievement. Hence physicists con- demn the unphysical; financiers have only a superficial toleration for those who know little of stocks ; literary persons despise the unlettered ; and people of all pursuits combine to disparage those who have none. But though this is one difficulty of the subject, it is not the greatest. You could not be put in prison for speaking against industry, but you can be sent to Coventry for speaking like a fool. The greatest difficulty with most subjects is to do them well; therefore, please to remember this is an apology. It is certain that much may be judiciously argued in favour of diligence ; only there is something to be said against it, and that is what, on the present occasion, I have to say. To state one argument is not necessarily to be deaf to all others, and that a man has written a book of travels in Montenegro, is no reason' why he should never have been to Richmond. It is surely beyond a doubt that people should be a good deal idle in youth. For though here and there a Lord Macaulay may escape from school honours with all Ms wits about him, most boys pay so dear for their medals that they never afterwards have a shot in their locker, and begin the world bankrupt. And the same holds true during all the time a lad is educating himseK, or suffering others to educate him. It must have been a very foolish old gentleman who addressed Johnson at Oxford in these words : ' Young man, ply your book diligently now, and acquire a stock of knowledge ; for when years come upon you, you will find that poring upon books will be but an irksome task.' The old gentle- man seems to have been unaware that many other things besides reading grow irksome, and not a few become impossible, by the time a man has to use spectacles and cannot walk witEout a stickA JBooks are good enough in their own way, but they are a mighty bloodless substitute for life.' It seems a pity to sit Eke the Lady of Shalott, peering into a mirror, with your back turned on all the bustle and glamour of reality,-t And if a man reads very hard, as the old anecdote reminds us, he will have little time for thought.