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NOTES                                135

Istically starts the present essay with Puck's famous aphorism.
But he concludes with a passage of wistful pathos, in which he at
last arrives at the conclusion of the matter.

Lord, what fools.    M ND, in. 2. 115.

e^nacle, supper-room.

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1513), the Florentine painter and many-
sided genius. He started life in Florence, under the patronage
of Lorenzo de' Medici, but he was afterwards in the employ of
Ludovico il Moro of Milan. His masterpieces are the * Last Supper,"
now half obliterated on the walls of the Convent of Santa Maria
delle Grazie, and La Gioconda, or Mona Lisa, now in the Louvre,
whose enigmatic smile has fascinated many generations. "See
Walter Pater's essay on Leonardo in The Renaissance.

Apollo Belvedere." The wonderful statue in the Belvedere gallery
of the Vatican, sometimes attributed to Leochares.

Goethe (1749-1882), the greatest of all the German writers,
and equally famous as a dramatist, novelist, poet and critic. He
was a prolific author, and among his best-known works are Ms
early drama, Gdtz von Berlichingen (1771); his romances, Werther
and Wilhelm Meister, and his masterpiece, Faust (180$). He lived
with his friend Schiller at the Court of the Duke of Weimar. His
influence over English literature and thought was profound. Carlyle
was his acknowledged disciple.

Falstaff in love. Bowe, Shakespeare's first biographer, says that
Queen Elizabeth commanded Mm to write The Merry Wives of
Windsor for this purpose.

Fielding, like his great contemporary, Smollett, shows in his
novels little sympathy with the romantic or sentimental side of
life. They leave this to Eichardson. Scott, like Stevenson himself,
usually avoids the element of love in his novels, though he has
some exquisite heroinesóDi Vernon in Bob Hoy, Jeanie Deans in
the Heart of Midlothian, and Rebecca in Ivan hoe, for instance.

noncfaaloir, coldness, indifference.

St. Paul. Saul, as he then was called, was a zealous Pharisee of
the orthodox Jewish type. On his way to Damascus to persecute the
infant Christian Church, ' Suddenly there shined round about him
a light from, heaven: and he fell to the Earth, and heard a voice
saying unto him, " Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me ? " ' Cf.
Crabbed Age and Youth, k If St. Paul had not been a very zealous
Pharisee, he would have been a colder Christian.5

Adelaide.    Beethoven's song, Adelaide.

Heine (1797-1856), the sweetest of all the German lyric writers:
his Buch der Lieder strikes a new note in literature. He was of
Jewish extraction, and an enthusiastic champion of humanity. He
was forced to leave Germany on account of his political opinions :
his-life in Paris, and his death after a lingering illness heroically
borne, f orm. a moving story.

l<es Mise"ral>!es, The masterpiece of the great French novelist,
dramatist and poet, Victor Hugo.

George Sand (1804-1876), the pseudonym of Madame Dudevant,