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Full text of "Service Book Of Holy Orthodox Church By Hapgood"

SERVICE BOOK 

OF THE 

HOLY ORTHODOX-CATHOLIC 
APOSTOLIC (Greco-Russian) CHURCH 

COMPILED, TRANSLATED, AND ARRANGED FROM 

THE OLD CHURCH-SLAVONIC SERVICE 

BOOKS OF THE RUSSIAN CHURCH, 

AND COLLATED WITH THE 

SERVICE BOOKS OF THE 

GREEK CHURCH 

BY 

ISABEL FLORENCE HAPGOOD 




BOSTON AND NEW YORK 

HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN AND COMPANY 
(tbt flfrertfbt Tpxtiiy Cambridge 

MDCCCCVI 



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COPYRIGHT 1906 BY ISABEL FLORKNCX HAFGOOD 
ALL RIGHTS RXSBRVRD 



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1153171 

SEP ;jo 1909 



PREFACE 



Some explanation is necessary touching the aim and scope of this 
Service Book, and my methods in compiling it. 

It has always been the policy of the Holy Orthodox-Catholic Apostolic 
Church of the East to have her services celebrated in the languages of 
the countries inhabited by her members. In accordance with this policy 
it is desired, eventually, to make English the language, in this country, 
of the Russian Church, which was the first to bring Christianity to 
Alaska, and now has more parishes in all sections of the land than 
either of the other representatives of that Communion, — the Greek 
and Syro-Arabian branches. 

Moreover, the adoption of the English language i^the sole solution 
of many difficulties encountered by the priests of that church in admin- 
istering to the spiritual wants of their flocks, who come from many 
countries, each of which has its own language or dialect, — Great Rus- 
sia, Little Russia, Galicia (in Eastern Austria), Hungary, Servia, 
Montenegro, Bulgaria, Rumania, Syria, Greece, and, possibly, other 
localities. English is the Pan-Slavonic language in America, as Ger- 
man is the Pan-Slavonic language on the Continent of Europe. The 
children are reared in our American public schools, as a rule, and it will 
be difficult to teach them their church services in the original tongue, 
under the prevailing conditions. An English version of the services is 
also desirable for the pupils in such parish schools as exist, where much 
attention is given to instruction in English. 

I have used the Old Church-Slavonic books of the Russian Church, 
rather than the original Greek, because my work has been done, prima- 
rily, for the use of the Russian Church in America. Slight differences 
in arrangement and practice (not in dogma) have arisen between the 
Russian Church and the Greek Church, similar to those between the 
Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal Church in America. 
I have carefully compared everything with the original Greek. 

My object has been to make a book which shall show, as precisely 
and clearly as possible, all the services in general use; and that in a 
manner which shall be practical, not only for the ecclesiastics who are 
familiar with them and their congregations, but also for students of 
Liturgies and for travellers in the various lands where the Orthodox 
Church exists, as well as visitors to the churches in America and in 
numerous capitals and cities of Europe. To that end I have adopted an 
arrangement of my own devising. The difficulty and intricacy of the 
undertaking have been very great, owing to this arrangement and to 
other factors in the case. The treasure of services in the Orthodox- 



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iv PREFACE 

Catholic Church is so vast and so rich that a complete version, within a 
reasonable, conveiflent compass, is utterly out of the question. Accord- 
ingly, I have selected those services which are generally used, and in- 
clude, practically, all that are ordinarily required. For instance, I have 
omitted even the skeleton of such services as the Midnight Service 
(Polun6shtchnitza\ Little Vespers, the Blessing of a Ship (at launching), 
and many of g. private nature, such as the Blessing of a Pectoral Cross, 
the Blessing when a Well is dug, and so forth. 

In the original the Litanies, Prayers, and certain of the Hymns in 
the unchanging framework of the Liturgies, Vespers, Compline, and 
Matins are printed consecutively. The movable portions and specially 
appointed Hymns are inserted according to the rubrics, at the proper 
points, from various other volumes. 

I have combined the fixed parts and have arranged them in such way 
as to show what takes place simultaneously within the Sanctuary and 
outside. I have also indicated the usual variations during pontifical 
Services, Feasts, Fasts, and so forth, selecting these and the most 
important representative Hymns for various occasions from the numer- 
ous volumes in which they are dispersed. 

For the sake of convenience, I have combined the Liturgies of St. John 
Chrysostom, St. Basil the Great, and the Pontifical Liturgy, thus avoid- 
ing repetition, but keeping them as distinct, otherwise, as in the original. 

I have been obliged to leave the service for Vespers almost in a 
skeleton state, as it appears in the original service books (instead of 
filling it out, as in the case of the other sendees), because of its very 
great flexibility, which causes immensely wide variations dependent 
upon the seasons — the proximity of Fasts, Feasts, and so forth. 

If in actual practice it shall prove desirable to have the more 
infrequent services (or others, which are abbreviated here) in fuller 
form, I shall endeavour to complete them, either in a new edition of the 
present work, should there be a demand for it, or in special volumes. 
In that case I shall hope to take advantage of all competent and 
unprejudiced criticism for the perfecting of a book which has long been 
so near my heart; also of any new translation into the Old Church- 
Slavonic, or revised edition of the Russian Service Books. In several 
cases I have preferred for this volume the older, rather than the more 
recent, editions. 

It has seemed practical and advisable te retain the Slavonic nomen- 
clature for the parts of the service, in addition to the corresponding 
English terms. Had I introduced the original Greek terms also, great 
confusion would have ensued. But the omission of the Greek is unim- 
portant. Most of the Slavonic terms are sufficiently near those from 
which they were borrowed to make comprehension perfectly easy. In 
the exceptional cases there is no difficulty in determining the corre- 
spondence. Thus the book will be as useful for a comprehension of the 
Greek services as of those in the Slavonic countries. 



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PREFACE v 

There have been two or three previous translations, from the Greek 
or Slavonic, of portions of these services, by other persons than myself. 
But in practice they have proved unsatisfactory, either in language or 
arrangement or both, or because neither singly nor combined do they 
furnish the services in that completeness which is imperatively neces- 
sary. My aim has been to remedy these defects. 

A list of the service books which have entered into the composition 
of my volume will afford some idea of the difficulties of the problem. 

(i) The Sluzhibniky or Service Book, which contains most of the 
fixed portions of the Liturgies of St John Chrysostom and St Basil 
the Great, and of the Presanctified Gifts ; also the Litanies and Prayers 
of Vespers and Matins, together with the Graduals and Benedictions 
appropriate to all occasions. This is used by the Priest and the Choir. 

(2) The Tchdsoslov, or Book of the Hours (Horologion), which con- 
tains, in addition to the Hours and the Typical Psalms, those fixed por- 
tions of Vespers, Compline, Matins, Midnight Service, and so forth, 
which are used by the singers and the readers; also a selection of 
Hymns for various occasions. 

(3) The Pontifical Service Book {Tchinovnik), which contains the 
fixed portions of the Liturgies above mentioned, as celebrated by a 
Bishop ; together with all the Offices of Ordination, ecclesiastical pro- 
motion, the blessing of an antimfns (corporal), and so forth. 

(4) The OktdikhyOx Book of the Eight Tones, which contains the 
Canons and certain of the Hymns used during Little and Great Vespers, 
Compline, Midnight Service, and Matins; the Hymn for the Day and 
the Collect-Hymn from the Canons being used also at the Liturgy on 
the following morning. There are eight complete sets for each service 
mentioned, for every day in the week, all during one week being sung 
in the same Tone. 

(5) The Monthly Min/ya, in twelve volumes, which contain the order 
of services for all the fixed days in the year celebrating some special 
event in the history of the faith or the Church, or commemorating a 
Saint or Saints. All the Miniya contain the Prayers for Vespers and 
Matins, while some have special Prayers for the Hours, Liturgies, 
Compline, and the Midnight Service. 

(6) The volume known as the Anthol6gion y or Prdsditchnaya Mzn/ya 
(Festival Mzn/ya) contains the Services for the Twelve Great Feasts. 

(7) The Fasting Tri6dion (Pdstnaya Tridd) contains the variable 
portions of the services on the movable days which constitute the pre- 
paration for the Great Fast (Lent), and during the entire Great Fast 
It is so called because the Canons have only Three Odes (or Theme- 
Songs), instead of the customary nine — practically eight — which are 
in the Book of the Eight Tones {Oktdikk). 

(8) The Tzvyetndya Trtid (Flowery Tri6dion), or Penticostdrion, 
contains the order of services during Easter-tide, beginning with Easter 
and ending with Pentecost, including the following day, — Whitsun 



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vi PREFACE 

Monday, — which is the real Pentecost, or Day of the Spirit, Sunday 
being called Trinity Day. 

(9) The Apdstol contains the Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles, and 
the Graduals, Introits and Anthems for the Feasts. 

For their guidance in the use of these complicated Volumes the 
ecclesiastics have a volume entitled the Typikdn, Ustdv, or Rule, which 
provides regulations for all possible contingencies. 

(10) The Great Tr&nik, or Book of Needs, which contains all the 
Sacraments (except the Holy Communion and Ordination), — Baptism, 
Chrismation, Confession, Matrimony, Unction of the Sick; together 
with various other services, such as the Reception of Converts from 
various other Churches, the Tonsure of Monks, the Anointment of 
the Emperor at his Coronation, and so forth ; also private services, such 
as Prayers at the Birth of a Child, the several Funeral Services, the 
Consecration of a Church, the Blessing of a New Dwelling, and so forth. 

(n) A Book of Te Deums and Prayer Services (Moliibny) for dif- 
ferent occasions. 

(12) The Irmoldgion, which contains the Theme-Songs of the Canons, 
and certain Services of Song in honour of Our Lord, the Birth-giver of 
God, St. Nicholas, and others. 

It will be seen that I have been confronted with the problem of re- 
jection, as well as of judicious selection. I may add, that many things 
are done or said " by custom " which are not mentioned in the printed 
books. These I have included. 

I have used the King James version of the Bible for the Scripture 
lessons ; and the Psalter contained in the Book of Common Prayer for 
the Psalms and Verses, with occasional exceptions, when the exigencies 
of the Slavonic version or adaptation to special cases or services re- 
quired slight changes. 

My book has been revised by a very able and thoroughly competent 
priest, to whom I am greatly indebted for indispensable services in 
supplying me with the unrecorded points of the ritual (established by 
usage) referred to above, and for making sure that I have accurately 
expressed the dogmas of his Church, and have properly carried out the 
complicated arrangement entailed by my plan for rendering the services 
intelligible. 

I alone am personally responsible for everything : the suggestion 
that the book was needed, and the plan without which it would have 
been impossible; for the execution ; for occasional invented words, and 
for the language, in general and in particular, except in the case of the 
incomparable rendering of the Prayer of St. Chrysostom, which I have 
taken from the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer ; and of course the 
passages from the Bible, as above stated 

His Grace, the Most Reverend Tikhon, Archbishop of North Amer- 
ica and the Aleutian Islands, has, by his deep interest and practical aid, 
been of inestimable service, and I thank him most warmly. 



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PREFACE vii 

His High Excellency, K. P. Pobyedonostzeff, formerly Procurator of 
the Holy Synod of Russia, has for years past shown sympathetic and 
practical interest in my work, which has encouraged me during serious 
difficulties, and has been profoundly appreciated. 

The Holy Synod of Russia has defrayed in part the cost of publish- 
ing this volume ; and his High Excellency Count Sergius I. Witte has 
contributed very liberally to this object. I am sincerely grateful to them. 

I wish, also, to express my obligations to the late mitred Archpriest, 
Father Feodor Pavlovitch, of Tzdrskoe Sel6, for many books and much 
important information. Memory Eternal ! 

It is fitting that I should commemorate last of all my book's first 
friend, — his Grace, the Most Reverend Archbishop Nicholas, formerly 
Bishop of Aleutia and Alaska, now appointed a member of the Council 
of the Empire, and of the Holy Synod. He was the first person to 
whom I imparted my intention of making this gift of love to his 
Church, the first to see and to approve of my systematic arrangement 
and of the manuscript. He gave me a complete set of the valuable 
Slavonic Service Books above mentioned, and others, and has constantly 
used his power to the fullest extent to render possible this publication, 
affording me, meanwhile, the invaluable help of his fervent sympathy 
in my long and difficult task. 

To all these friends I now say, with sincerest gratitude, in the lan- 
guage of the Church which they love so well, Many Years ! 

It is my earnest hope that this^Service Book may not only be of some 
use to the Russian Church in North America, for the use of which, in 
public worship, it is designed, but that it may help the other Churches 
— especially those of the Anglican Communion, to one of which I am 
myself attached — to a right understanding of the Holy Orthodox- 
Catholic Apostolic Church of the East. 

Isabel F. Hapgood. 
New York, October, 1906.' 



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CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Annunciation, Special Service . 201 

Artos (Blessing), Breaking of the . ... . . . 240 

Ascension, Special Service ......... 243 

Assumption (Falling Asleep), Special Service . . . . . 264 

Baptism : 

Prayers at the Reception of Catechumens . . . . .272 

Baptism . ■ 277 

Chrismation ........... 282 

Explanation (Appendix) 601 

Blessing, of any object -557 

of Bread, Wine, and Oil (Litiya) . 13 

of Cheese and Eggs (Easter) . . 241 

of Fruit (Transfiguration) 263 

of Grapes (Transfiguration) . 262 

for a Journey (by land) 524 

(by water) 529 

of Meat (Easter) 241 

of Palms (Palm Sunday) 205 

of the Waters (Grand, at Epiphany) 189 

(Lesser) . • 47° 

Burial of the Dead : 

Child 424 

At Easter 435 

Laymen 369 

Priests 394 

Explanation (Appendix) . 609 

Canons for the Eight Tones 577 

Chrismation : 

Ordinary 282 

of Converts 463 

Explanation 603 

Christmas (see Nativity of Christ). 

Church, Consecration of a 493 

Founding (Laying Corner-stone) 479 

Explanation (Appendix) 613 



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x CONTENTS 

Churching of Women 269 

Collect-Hymns in the Eight Tones 577 

Communion, Prayers in preparation for 570 

of Thanksgiving after . . . . . . .123 

Compline (Grand) . . . . . . . . . .147 

Confession ............ 287 

Converts, Reception of 454 

Chrismation of 463 

Jews, Mahometans, Heathen . 467 

Easter, Special Service 226 

Blessing; Breaking; of the Artos ...... 240 

Cheese and Eggs ; Meat 241 

Burial at 435 

Table to find ~ . . . xix 

Eight Tones, Hymns and Canons in the 577 

Elevation of the Cross, Special Service 167 

Entrance into Temple of the Birth-giver of God, Special Service . 171 

Entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem (Palm Sunday), Special Service . 204 

Epiphany, Special Service 182 

Blessing of Waters at 189 

Epistles and Gospels, Matins and the Liturgy ..... xxi 

Requiem Services xxii 

Great Feasts xxiii 

Saints in general xxiv 

Falling Asleep (Assumption), Special Service ..... 264 

Fasts and Seasons xv 

Feasts and Fasts (Table) xiii 

Friday, Great (Good), Special Service 214 

Hours. First * 3^ 

Third . 43 

Sixth 48 

Ninth . . . . S3 

Explanation (Appendix) . . . . * . . . . 596 

House, Prayers at Founding of a; Taking up abode in New . . . 557 

Hymns, for the Eight Tones 577 

Journey, Blessing for a 524 

by Water 529 

Litiya 11 

Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, St. Basil the Great, Pontifical : 

Catechumens (beginning of visible service) 80 

Prefatory Note and Directions 64 



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CONTENTS xi 

Office of Oblation 67 

Explanation (Appendix) 597 

Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts 127 

Explanation (Appendix) 600 

Many Years (Long Life), Grand (for the Emperor) .... 556 
for the Holy Synod and others 85 

Matins (Alone) . . . . . 15 

in Vigil Service 18 

Explanation (Appendix) 594 

Matrimony : 

Betrothal 292 

Crowning (Marriage) ......... 294 

Removal of Crowns 302 

Second Marriage .......... 303 

Explanation (Appendix) . . 604 

Meeting of the Lord (Purification of the Virgin), Special Service . . 198 

Molie'ben (see Prayer Service). 

Naming of a Child . . . • . 268 

Nativity of the Birth-giver of God, Special Service . . . . .164 
of Christ (Christmas), Special Services : 

Vigil and Liturgy 174 

Thanksgiving (Te Deum) 541 

New Year, Thanksgiving Service (Te Deum) 534 

Ordinations : 

Abbot 321 

Archdeacon or Proto-Deacon . 316 

Archimandrite 323 

Archpriest .320 

Bishop, Election . 324 

Consecration 326 

Explanation (Appendix) 606 

Deacon . 312 

Priest . . . . . . . . . . . '3*7 

Readers and Chanters 307 

Sub-Deacons . . . . . . . . . . . .310 

Explanations (Appendix) 605 

Palm Sunday, Special Service 204 

Panikhfda (General Requiem) 564 

Panikhfdi (Requiem) 437 

Canon for Dead Warriors 449 

Explanation (Appendix) 612 



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xii CONTENTS 

Parting of the Soul from the Body 361 

Pentecost (Whitsunday), Special Service ...... 246 

Petition for Rulers 616 

Prayer Service : 

at the Birth of a Child . . 267 

at the Naming of a Child, on the Eighth Day .... 268 

for Children beginning Instruction 519 

General (Molie'ben) 559 

for a Woman on the Fortieth Day after Childbirth .... 269 
Presentation in the Temple of the Birth-giver of God, Special Service 171 

Psalms, Selections of, Table . . xx 

Purification of the Birth-giver of God, Special Service . . . 198 

Requiem for the Dead (see Panikhfdi). 

Saturday, Great (Holy), Special Service . ...... 220 

Symbolism of the Church ......... xxvi 

Thanksgivings (Te Deums): 

for an Answer to Prayer 512 

Christmas . . . . . . . . . . . . 541 

Great Office (Anniversary of Emperor's Accession, Coronation) .. 550 

New Year 534 

Thursday, Great (Holy), Special Service ...... 208 

Transfiguration, Special Service ........ 259 

Blessing of Fruit 263 

of Grapes 262 

Typical Psalms 58 

Explanation (Appendix) . 597 

Unction, Holy 333 

Explanation 607 

Vespers, Great 1 

Explanation (Appendix) 592 

Vigil, All-Night 1 

Explanation 592 

Whitsunday (see Pentecost). 



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THE FEASTS AND FASTS OF THE CHURCH 



(The Church Year begins on September I- 1 4.) 

The Feasts are divided into several categories^ consisting of three prin- 
cipal grades, which> again, are subdivided into Lesser and Greater, 
The Twelve Great Feasts are classified as follows : 

THE FEASTS OF OUR LORD AND THE FEASTS OF OUR MOST HOLY 

LADY, THE BIRTH-GIVER OF GOD, 
AND EVER-VIRGIN MARY. 



saviour jesus christ. 

|The Feast of Feasts, Easter. 

a. The Nativity of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. December 25 (Jan. 7, 
N. S.)- 

b. The Manifestation of God (Epi- 
phany). Jan. 6-19. 

c. The Meeting of the Lord Feb. 
2-15. (The Purification of the 
Virgin.) 

d. fPalm Sunday. 

e. fThe Ascension of our Lord Je- 
sus Christ. 

f. f Pentecost. (Trinity Sunday, and 
the Day of the Spirit.) 

g. The Transfiguration of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. Aug. 6-19. 

h. The Exaltation (Setting-up) of 
the Precious and Life-giving 
Cross. Sept 14-27. 

t Movable. 



The Nativity of the Birth-giver 
of God. September 8 (21, N. S.). 
The Presentation in the Temple 
of the Birth-giver of God. Nov. 
21 (Dec. 4, N. S.). 
The Annunciation of the Birth- 
giver of God. March 25 (April 
7. N. S.). 

. The Falling-asleep (Assump- 
tion) of the Birth-giver of God. 
Aug. 15 (28, N. S.). 



OTHER FEASTS AND HOLY DAYS 

OF THE CHURCH. 

Jan. 1-14. The Circumcision of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Feast 
of St. Basil the Great. 

Jan. 30 (Feb. 12, N. S.). The Feast of the Three Saints (Basil the 
Great, Gregory the Theologian, and John Chrysostom). 

May 9-22. The Translation of the Relics of St. Nicholas, the Wonder- 
worker, from Myra in Lycia to Bari in Italy, a. d. 1096. 

May 1 1-24. The Feast of St. Cyril and St. Methodius, the Evangelizers 
of the Slavic races. 

June 24 (July 7, N. S.). The Nativity of St. John the Forerunner. 

June 29 (July 12, N. S.). The Feast of St. Peter and St Paul 



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xiv THE FEASTS AND FASTS OF THE CHURCH 

July 15-27. The Feast of St. Vladimir, Equal-to-the-Apostles, the 

Evangelizer of Russia. 
Aug. 29 (Sept. 1 1, N. S.). The Beheading of St. John the Baptist. 
Sept 26 (Oct. 9, N. S.). The Death of St. John the Divine. 
Oct. 1-14. The Protection of the most holy Birth-giver of God. 
Nov. 8-21. The Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, and of the other 

Bodiless Powers of Heaven. 
Dec. 6-19. The Feast of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker. 

In addition to the Feasts enumerated above, every day in the Church 
Calendar is a minor feast, dedicated to the memory of various Saints, 
Apostles, Martyrs, sacred events, and so forth. 

IMPERIAL FEASTS 

In Russia the following Imperial Days are celebrated: 

The Birthdays of : The Emperor, the Empress, and the Heir. 
The Days of the Angel (Name-days) of: The Emperor, the Em- 
press, and the Heir. 
The Anniversaries of: The Accession to the Throne, and the Cor- 
onation. 



is 



begins 



is 



are 



Ten weeks 
Nine weeks 
Eight weeks 
Seven weeks 
Seven weeks 
Six weeks 
Four weeks 

One week 



The Designations of the Church Movable Seasons are as follows: 
The Sunday of : The Publican and 
the Pharisee 
The Prodigal Son 
Meat Fast 
Cheese Fast 

The Great Fast (Lent) 

Orthodoxy \ 

The Adoration of the Cross J 

Lazarus' s Saturday, and \ 

Palm Sunday J 

Easter. 

The Sunday of : St. Thomas 

The Myrrh-bearing Women 
The Impotent Man 
The Woman of Samaria 
The Blind Man 

Ascension Day 
The Holy Fathers of the Coun- 
cil of Nicaea 
Trinity Day 

The Day of the Spirit 
(Pentecost) 
All Saints 

The Fast of St. Peter 
and St Paul 



is 



One week 
Two weeks 
Three weeks 
Four weeks 
f Five weeks 
| (Thursday) 

Six weeks 
Seven weeks 

(Monday) 
Eight weeks 

. (Monday) 



Before 

Easter. 



After 
Easter. 



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THE FEASTS AND FASTS OF THE CHURCH xv 



THE FASTS AND SEASONS OF THE CHURCH 

The Movable Feasts and two Fasts are regulated by the date upon 
which Easter falls. At times this coincides with its date in the West- 
ern Church. See the table for Easter, page xviL 

The Great Fast (Lent) begins on Monday ; not, as in the Western 
Church, on Ash Wednesday. (There is no Ash Wednesday.) It lasts 
for forty-eight days. As a chieftain, before the battle, encourages his 
warriors with wise and timely words, so the Church prepares us in 
advance for feats of fasting and penitence, and then bids us to the per- 
formance of those feats. This preparation begins on the Sunday pre- 
ceding that which is known in the Western Church as Septuagesima 
Sunday, and is called "The Sunday of the Publican and the Pharisee." 
Because pride, conceit of one's own righteousness, and scorn of his 
neighbour is the first and chiefest obstacle to repentance, the Church 
has appointed the condemnation of this sin as the theme of her hymns 
and readings on that day, taking the Gospel narrative of the Publican 
and the Pharisee as the key-note. 

In like manner, the next week of preparation (coinciding with Sep- 
tuagesima Sunday) is called after the Prodigal Son, and the sinner is 
reminded that, when he scrupulously examines his evil deeds, he will 
perceive how deeply he has offended God. Hence he is encouraged to 
repentance and confession. The Prodigal Son is made the theme of 
the hymns and readings for the day. 

On the Saturday preceding the following Meat-fast Sunday a Re- 
quiem Liturgy is celebrated for all Orthodox believers departed this 
life, who are awaiting the Last Judgment. Therefore this Saturday is 
known as " Ancestors' Saturday." 

On the Sunday corresponding to Sexagesima Sunday begins the 
Meat-fast Week. After this day no more meat may be eaten. The 
Second Coming of the Lord, founded upon the Lesson from the Gospel 
about the Last Judgment, is the special theme of this Sunday : in order 
that the sinner may not fall into carelessness concerning his salvation 
through too secure a trust in the ineffable loving-kindness of God, but 
may call to mind that the Lord God is also a righteous Judge. 

After the Sunday (corresponding to Quinquagesima) on which begins 
the Cheese Fast, no more cheese, eggs, butter, or milk may be eaten. 
The services of this Sunday aim to impress upon us that only by strict 
abstinence can we hope to recover that Paradise which Adam lost 
through the lack of abstinence. Therefore Adam, fallen and banished, 
is the special theme of the Church. It is customary on this day to ask 
and accord mutual forgiveness, and to effect mutual reconciliation. This 
custom is founded on the words of Jesus Christ in the Gospel lesson for 
the day : " For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father 



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xvi THE FEASTS AND FASTS OF THE CHURCH 

will also forgive you." Hence it is generally called " Forgiveness Sun- 
day." 

More reverences to the earth are appointed for the Great Fast 
(Lent) than for the services at other seasons, and the penitential char- 
acter of the Offices is augmented. In the songs and prayers the 
moan of the contrite soul, bitterly bewailing its sins, is audible. The 
first week is the most severe of all as to restrictions upon food and 
drink : and the Offices have less of a triumphal and festival character 
than during the remaining weeks. Hence, during the Fast the full 
Liturgy is celebrated only on Saturday and on Sunday, while on the 
remaining days the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts is used. The 
strictest fasting is prescribed, although the Orthodox Church usually 
prescribes abstinence during all fasts, not only from meat, but also from 
cheese, eggs, milk, butter, and so forth. 

On the evenings of Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday of 
the first week of the Great Fast, the Great Canon — the Penitential 
Canon — of St. Andrew of Crete is read. 

The first Sunday in the Great Fast is known as "Orthodoxy Sun- 
day," and thereon is celebrated the triumph of the Church over the 
Iconoclasts, and the reestablishment of reverence for Holy Pictures 
(Images — Ikdni), in the year 842 ; as also the victory of the Church over 
other heresies. In some Cathedral Churches the Office of Orthodoxy 
is celebrated by the Bishop before the Divine Liturgy, or near the 
end thereof. In this Office athletes and champions of Orthodoxy are 
extolled, and Anathema is proclaimed upon their opponents. 

On the third Sunday, and during the week which follows, is celebrated 
the Adoration of the Holy Cross, which is brought forth from the Sanc- 
tuary for the refreshment and strengthening of the faithful. 

On the evening of Saturday in the Fifth Week is chanted the Can- 
ticle {Akdfist) of the most holy Birth-giver of God, in especial com- 
memoration of her aid during two assaults from the Saracens upon 
Constantinople, in the years 673 and 716. 

On the Saturday before Palm Sunday the Church commemorates the 
resurrection of Lazarus, wherein the Lord Jesus showed forth His divine 
might to the people before His suffering and death ; thus assuring them 
of His own Resurrection, and of the universal Resurrection of all the 
dead. On the Eve of Lazarus's Saturday the Great Fast proper (called 
"the Forty Days ") comes to an end, and on the Monday next follow- 
ing the "Fast of Christ's Passions" begins, lasting until Easter. 

OTHER FASTS. 

On Monday after the Sunday of All Saints, which follows Pentecost, 
begins the Fast of St. Peter and St Paul, ending on June 29 (July 12, 
N. S.). The length of this fast is regulated by the date of Easter and 
of Pentecost ; and therefore it varies from two weeks to five weeks and 
five days. 



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THE FEASTS AND FASTS OF THE CHURCH xvii 

The Fast which precedes the Feast of the Falling-asleep of the Holy 
Birth-giver of God (called "The Assumption " in the Western Church), 
on August 15-28, begins on August 1-14. 

The Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross (the Setting-up), that of 
the Beheading of St. John the Forerunner, and the Eve of the Bap- 
tism of Christ (Epiphany), are reckoned as fasts. (See the Table, for the 
dates). 

The Fast preparatory to Christmas, corresponding to Advent, is called 
"The Christmas Fast," and begins on November 15-28. 

In addition to these Chief Fasts and the Great Fast, all Wednesdays 
and Fridays are fast-days, except during what are known as the " com- 
pact weeks;" from Christmas to the Eve (Fast) of the Epiphany; the 
Week between the Sunday of the Publican and the Pharisee and the 
Sunday of the Prodigal Son ; Meat-fast Week, when cheese, eggs, and 
milk are permitted ; the Bright Easter week; and the week preceding 
the Fast of St. Peter and St. Paul. 

The joyous character of the Offices at the great Feast of Feasts, 
Easter, can be seen on page 226. 

The second Sunday after Easter Day is called St. Thomas's Week, or 
" Anti-Paskha," from the Gospel Lesson for the day, and commemorates 
the appearance of the Lord to His disciples after the Resurrection, and 
the viewing of His wounds by Thomas. 

The third Sunday after Easter is called after the Myrrh-bearing Wo- 
men, who witnessed the burial and resurrection of Christ. And with 
them are commemorated Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus. Here, 
as on the Sunday which precedes and the Sundays which follow, the 
special title is derived from the Gospel Lesson for the day. 

On the fourth Sunday is commemorated the Impotent Man whom 
Christ healed at the Pool of Bethesda. 

The Lesson for the fifth Sunday, about the Woman of Samaria, 
shows Jesus Christ as One who knows the secrets of the heart, and as 
the true Messiah. 

The Sunday of the Blind Man (the sixth after Easter) commemorates 
the healing by Christ of the man who was born blind. 

Ascension Day falls on the following Thursday, and, as in the West- 
ern Church, is followed, ten days later, by the Feast of Pentecost. 
But what is called Whit-Sunday in the Western Church is Trinity 
Sunday in the Eastern Church, and the next day is The Day of the 
Holy Spirit (or Ghost), that is Pentecost. 

The seventh Sunday after Easter is the Day of the Holy Fathers of 
the Council of Nicaea. 

The first Sunday after Pentecost is All Saints' Day. 



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xviii THE FEASTS AND FASTS OF THE CHURCH 

TONES. 

There are eight Plain Chants, or Tones. During the Bright Easter 
week the Tone changes in regular order every day. On the second 
Sunday after Trinity Sunday (Pentecost), and during the week which 
follows, the First Tone is used, with its appointed Gradual {Prokitneri)> 
Canon, Hymns (Tropari) % Verses (Stikhfra of the Stikkdvni), Hymns 
to the holy Birth-giver of God {Bogor6ditchni, or Dogmdtiki) t Collect- 
Hymn (Konddk), and so forth. Thereafter the Tone changes on each 
successive Sunday, until all eight Tones have been used. On the tenth 
Sunday after Pentecost, the First Tone is used again; and so on, 
throughout the year. 



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A TABLE TO FIND EASTER DAY 

PROM THE YEAR OF OUR LORD I906 TO THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 

2000, INCLUSIVE 

Easter Day, on which all the Movable Feasts and Holy-days depend, 
is the first Sunday after the Full Moon which happens upon or next 
after the Twenty-first of March ; and if the Full Moon happen upon a 
Sunday, Easter Day is the Sunday after. This is the same rule which 
is used in the Western Church, but Easter Day does not always coin- 
cide in the Holy Catholic Church of the East with that Feast in the 
Western Church The Eastern Church still observes the rule laid 
down by the Council of Nicaea (a. d. 325), and now disregarded by the 
Western Church, that the Christian Easter shall never either precede 
or coincide with the Jewish Passover, but must always follow it. Easter 
cannot fall earlier than March 23, O. S., or later than April 25, O. S. 
The Eastern Church still uses the Julian Calendar, which, since 
March 1, 1901, has been thirteen days behind the Gregorian Calendar. 

The years in which the Easter Feast falls on the same day in the 
Eastern and the Western Churches are indicated by a cross in the fol- 
lowing Table. The Full Moon used for the purposes of the Easter 
reckoning is the Fourteenth Day of a Lunar Month reckoned according 
to the ancient Ecclesiastical computation, and not the real Astronomical 
Full Moon. 



YEARS 


NEW STYLE 


OLD STYLE 


YEARS 


NEW STYLE 


OLD STYLE 


f!906 


April 15 


April 2 


I926 


May 2 


April 19 


I907 


May 5 


22 


I927 


April 24 


11 


1908 


April 26 


. I3 


I928 


is 


2 


*h9°9 


11 


March 29 


I929 


May 5 


22 


1910 


3i 


April 18 


ti93<> 


April 20 


7 


191 1 


23 


10 


I93i 


12 


March 30 


fi9i2 


7 


March 25 ' 


1932 


3i 


April 18 


19*3 


27 


April 14 


ti933 


16 


3 


1914 


19 


6 


1934 


8 


March 26 


ti9<5 


4 


March 22 


1935 


28 


April 15 
March 30 


ti9*6 


23 


April 10 


ti936 


12 


1917 


„ l 5 


2 


1937 


May 2 


April 19 


1918 


May 5 


22 


1938 


April 24 


II 


1919 


April 20 


L 7 


ti939 


9 


March 27 


1920 


11 


March 29 


1940 


28 


April 1 5 


1921 


31 


April 18 


1 941 


20 


, 7 


fl922 


16 


, 3 


fi942 


5 


March 23 


1923 


8 


March 26 


t'943 


2 l 


April 12 


I924 


27 


April 14 


1944 


16 


3 


I925 


19 


6 


1945 


May 6 


23 



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A TABLE OF THE SELECTIONS OF PSALMS 



YEARS 


NEW STYLE 


OLD STYLE 


YEARS 


NEW STYLE 


OLD STYLE 


ti94<> 


April 21 


April 8 


t*974 


April 14 


April I 


1947 


13 


March 31 


1975 


May 3 


20 


1948 


May 2 


April 19 


1976 


April 25 


12 


1949 


April 24 


11 


ti977 


10 


March 28 


fi95° 


9 


March 27 


1978 


30 


April 17 


1951 


29 


April 16 


1979 


22 


9 


1952 


20 


7 


1980 


6 


March 24 


t'953 


5 


March 23 


1981 


26 


April 13 


1954 


25 


April 12 


1982 


18 


5 


1955 


17 


4 


1983 


May 8 


25 


1956 


May 6 


23 


ti9»4 


April 22 


9 


ti957 


April 21 


8 


1985 


H 


1 


1958 


13 


March 31 


1986 


May 3 


20 


1959 


May 3 


April 20 


tX9»7 


April 19 


6 


ti9«> 


April 17 


4 


1988 


10 


March 28 


1961 


9 


March 27 


1989 


30 


April 17 


1962 


29 


April 16 


ti99° 


15 


2 


ti03 


14 


1 


1991 


7 


March 25 


1964 


May 3 


20 


1992 


26 


April 13 


1965 


April 25 


12 


1993 


18 


5 


fi966 


10 


March 28 


1994 


3i 


18 


1967 


30 


April 1 7 


1995 


23 


10 


1968 


21 


8 


1996 


H 


I 


1969 


13 


March 31 


1997 


27 


14 


1970 


26 


April 13 


1998 


19 


6 


1971 


18 


5 


1999 


u 


March 29 


1972 


9 


27 


2000 


May 1 


April 17 


1973 


29 


16 









A TABLE OF THE SELECTIONS OF PSALMS 



I. 


Psalms i.— ix. 


8. 


Psalms Ivi.-lxv. 


IS- 


Psalms 


cvi.-cx. 


2, 


ix.-xviii. 


9. 


lxv.-lxxi. 


16. 




cx.-cxix. 


3. 


xviii.-xxv. 


10. 


lxxi.-lxxviii. 


17. 




cxix. 


4* 


xxv.-xxxiii. 


11. 


lxviiL-lxxxvi. 


18. 




cxx.-cxxxv. 


I- 


xxxiii.-xxxvm. 


12. 


bcxxvL-xcii. 


19. 




cxxxv.-cxliv. 


6. 


xxxviii.-xlvii. 


13. 


XCIl.-Cll. 


20. 




cxliv.-cl. 


7. 


xlvii.-lvi. 


14. 


ciL-cvi. 









The whole Psalter is read through every week. During seasons of more fervent 
devotion, as in the Great Fast, it is read through twice every week. On Feasts less 
is read* On Easter Day and during Easter Week none is read. 



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A TABLE OF LESSONS OF HOLY SCRIPTURE 



A TABLE OF LESSONS OF HOLY SCRIBJURE 

TO BE READ AT MATINS AND THE LITURGY, ON SU tKfcv-'jRcOUGH- 
OUT THE YEAR. THE PORTIONS OF SCRIPTUR^Ji RED FOR THE 

EPISTLES AND GOSPELS . 



Easter. Liturgy: Epistle : Acts i. 1-8.. *G0£$eI: Jo 
Vespers : John xx. 19-25. 




n-17. 



MATINS 



the GOSPEL : (Saturday Evening.) 
For the 
First Week after Easter Matt xxviii. 16-20 
Second Mark xvi. 9-20 

Third Luke xxiv. 1-12 

Fourth John xx. 1-10 



Fifth 
Sixth 



John xx. 11-18 
John xxi. 1- 14 



Seventh John xx. 19-23. 

First Week of All Saints Matt, xxviii. 16-20 



Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Fifth 

Sixth 

Seventh 

Eighth 

Ninth 

Tenth 

Eleventh 

Twelfth 

Thirteenth 

Fourteenth 

Fifteenth 

Sixteenth 

Seventeenth 

Eighteenth 

Nineteenth 

Twentieth 

Twenty-first 

Twenty-second 

Twenty-third 

Twenty-fourth 

Twenty-fifth 

Twenty-sixth 

Twenty-seventh 

Twenty-eighth 

Twenty-ninth 

Thirtieth 

Thirty-first 

Thirty-second 



Mark xvi. 1-8 
Mark xvi. 9-20 
Luke xxiv. 1-12 
Luke xxiv. 12-35 
Luke xxiv. 36-53 
John xx. 1-10 
John xx. 1 1 -18 
John xx. 19-31 

{ohn xxi. 1— 14 
ohn xxi. 15-25 
Matt xxviii. 16-20 
Mark xvi. 1-8 
Mark xvi. 9-20 
Luke xxiv. 1-12 
Luke xxiv. 12-35 
Luke xxiv. 36-53 
John xx. 1- 10 
John xx. 11-18 
John xx. 19-31 
John xxi. 1-14 
John xxi. 15-25 
Matt, xxviii. 16-20 
Mark xvi. 1-8 
Mark xvi. 9-20 
Luke xxiv. 1-12 
Luke xxiv. 12-35 
Luke xxiv. 36-53 
John xx. 1-10 
John xx. 11— 18 
John xx. 19-31 
John xxi. 1-14 



THE LITURGY 



EPISTLE 

Acts V. 12-20 
Acts vi. 1-7 
Acts ix. 32-42 
Acts xi. 19-26; 

29-30 
Acts xvi. 16-34 
Acts xx. 16-18; 

28-36 
Acts ii. 1— 1 1 
Heb. xi. 33-xii. 2 

Rom. ii. 10-16 
Rom. v. 1-10 
Rom. vi. 18-23 
Rom x. 1-10 
Rom. xii. 6-14 
Rom. xiii. 1-7 
1 Cor. i. 10-18 
1 Cor. iii. 9-17 
1 Cor. iv. 9-16 
1 Cor. ix. 2-12 
1 Cor. xv. 1— 1 1 

1 Cor. xvi. 13-24 

2 Cor. i. 21— ii. 4 
2 Cor. iv. 6-15 

2 Cor. vi. 1-10 
2 Cor.vi. 16-vii. 1 
2 Cor. ix. 6-1 1 
2 Cor. xi. 31-XH.9 
Gal. i. 11-19 
Gal. ii. 16-20 
Gal. vi. 11-18 
Eph. ii. 4-10 
Eph. ii. 14-22 
Eph. iv. 1-6 
Eph. v. 9-19 
Eph. vi. 10-17 
Col. i. 12-18 
Col. iii. 4-1 1 
Col. iii. 12-16 
iTim.i. 15-17 
1 Tim. iv. 9-15 



GOSPEL 

John xx. 19-31 
Mark xv. 43-xvi. 8 
John v. 1-15 
John iv. 5-42 

John ix. 1-38 
John xvii. 1-13 
John vii. 37-52; 

viii. 12 
Matt x. 32-33; 37- 

38; xix. 27-30 
Matt. iv. 18-23 
Matt. vi. 22-33 
Matt. viii. 5-13 
Matt. viii. 28-ix. 1 
Matt. ix. 1-8 
Matt ix. 27-35 
Matt xiv. 14-22 
Matt. xiv. 22-34 
Matt, xviii. 14-23 
Matt, xviii. 23-35 
Matt xix. 16-26 
Matt xxi. 33-42 
Matt. xxii. 1-14 
Matt. xxii. 35-46 
Matt xxv. 14-30 
Matt. xv. 21-28 
Luke v. 1-1 1 
Luke vi. 31-36 
Luke vii. 11-16 
Luke viii. 5-15 
Luke xvi. 19-31 
Luke viii. 26-39 
Luke viii. 41-56 
Luke x. 25-37 
Luke xii. 16-21 
Luke xiii. 10-17 
Luke xiv. 16-24 
Luke xvii. 12-19 
Luke xviii. 18-27 
Luke xviii. 35-43 
Luke xix. 1-10 



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xxii EPISTLES AND GOSPELS FOR REQUIEM SERVICES 



MATINS 


THE LITURGY 


THE GOSPEL 


EPISTLE 


GOSPEL 


Sunday before the flH- ' 








tation of the Cross 




Gal. vi. 11-18 


John iii. 13-17 


Sunday after the Exalta- 








tion of the Cross 




Gal. ii. 16-20 


Mark viii. 34-38; 


Sunday before Christmas 




Heb. xi. 9-10, 17- 


IX. 1 






40 


Matt i. 1-25 


Sunday after Christmas 




Gal. i. 11-19 


Matt. ii. 13-23 


Sunday before Epiphany 
Sunday after Epipnany 




2 Tim. iv. s-8 


Mark i. 1-8 


(The Gospels 


Eph. iv. 7-13 


Matt. iv. 12-17 




in the regular 






Week of Publican and 


Weeklv Se- 
quence of eleven 






Pharisee 


2 Tim. iii. 10-15 


Luke xviii. 10-14 


Week of Prodigal Son 
Meat-fast Week 


► Lessons — as 


1 Cor. vi. 12-20 


Luke xv. 11-32 


shown above — 


1 Cor. viii. 8-ix. 2 


Matt. xxv. 31-46 


Cheese-fast Week 


beginning with 
Aft Saints.) 


Rom. xiii. 1 i-xiv. 
4 


Matt. vi. 14-21 


Great Fast (Lent) : 








First Week 




Heb. xi. 24-26, 32- 

xii. 2 
Heb. i. 10; ii. 3; 


John i. 43-51 


Second Week 




Mark ii. 1-12 






vii. 26— viii. 2 


John x. 9-16 


Third Week 




Heb. iv. 14-v. 6 


Mark viii. 34-ix. 1 


Fourth Week 




Heb. vi. 13-20 


Mark ix. 17-31 






Eph. v. 9-19 


Matt. iv. 25-v. 12 


Fifth Week 




Heb. ix. 11-14 


Mark x. 32-45 


j 




GaL iii. 23-29 


Luke vii. 36-50 



Passion- Week : matins liturgy 

Monday Matt. xxi. 18-43 Matt. xxiv. 3-15 

Tuesday Matt. xxii. 15-23; 39 Matt. xxiv. 36-xxvi. 2 

Wednesday John xii. 17-50 Matt xxvi. 6-16 

For Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, see the Special Services for these days. 



EPISTLES AND GOSPELS FOR REQUIEM 
SERVICES 



Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



LITURGY 
Epistles 
Rom. xiv. 6-H9 

1 Cor. xv. 39-57 

2 Cor. v. 1-10 

1 Cor. xv. 20-28 
1 Cor. xv. 46-57 
1 Thess. iv. 13-17 



Gospels 
John v. 17-24 
John v. 24-30 
John vi. 35-39 
John vi. 40-44 
John vi. 48-54 
John v. 24-30 



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A TABLE OF LESSONS FOR THE TWELVE GREAT FEASTS xxiii 

A TABLE OF LESSONS FOR THE TWELVE 
GREAT FEASTS 

Nativity of the Most Holy Mother of our Lord. 
Matins. Luke i. 39-49, 56. Liturgy. Epistle. Phil. ii. 5-1 1. 

Gospel. Luke x. 38-42 ; xi. 27, 28. 

Exaltation of the Holy and Life-giving Cross. 
Matins. John xii. 2^-36. Liturgy. Epistle. 1 Cor. L 18-24. 

Gospel. John xix. 5-1 1, 13-20, 25-28, 
30-35. 

Presentation of the Virgin. 
Matins. Luke i. 39-49, 56. Liturgy. Epistle. Heb. ix. 1-7. 

Gospel. Luke x. 38-42, xi. 27-28. 

Christmas : The Nativity of Jesus Christ. 
Matins. Matt. i. 18-25 Liturgy. Epistle. Gal. iv. 4-7. 

Gospel. Matt. ii. 1-12. 

Epiphany. 

Matins. Mark i. 9-1 1. Liturgy. Epistle. Titus ii. 11-14; Hi. 4-7. 

Gospel. Matt. iii. 13-17. 

Presentation of Christ in the Temple (Purification of the Virgin). 
Matins. Luke ii. 25-32. Liturgy. Epistle. Heb. vii. 7-17. , 

Gospel. Luke ii. 22-40. 

The Annunciation. 
Matins. Luke i. 39-49, 56. Liturgy. Epistle. Heb. ii. 11-18. 

Gospel. Luke i. 24-38. 

The Transfiguration 
Matins. Luke ix. 28-36. Liturgy. Epistle. 2 Peter i. 10-19. 

Gospel. Matt xvii. 1-9. 

Falling-asleep (Assumption) of the Virgin. 
Matins. Luke i. 39-49, 56. Liturgy. Epistle. Phil. ii. 5-1 1. 

Gospel. Luke x. 38-42 ; xi. 27, 28. 

Entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem (Palm Sukday). 
Matins. Matt. xxi. 1-11, 15-17. Liturgy. Epistle. Phil. iv. 4-9. 

Gospel. John xii. 1-18. 

The Ascension of the Lord. 
Matins. Mark xvi. 9-20. Liturgy. Epistle. Acts i. 1-12. 

Gospel. Luke xxiv. 36-53. 

Holy Pentecost (Trinity Day, and the Day of the Spirit). 
Matins. Trinity Day. John xx. Liturgy. Epistle. Acts ii. 1-11. 

9-23. Gospel. Luke xvi. 15-18; xvii. 1-4. 

Day of the Spirit Epistle. Eph. v. g-19. 

Gospel. Matt, xviii. 10-20. 



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xxiv TABLE OF EPISTLES AND GOSPELS FOR THE SAINTS 

TABLE OF EPISTLES AND GOSPELS FOR THE 
SAINTS IN GENERAL 

Service of the Most Holy Birth-giver. 

Matins. Liturgy. 

Gospel. Luke i. 39-49, 56. Epistle. Phil. ii. 5-1 1 ; or Heb. ix. 1-7. 

Gospel, Luke x. 38-42; xi. 27, 28. 

Service of all the Holy Bodiless Powers of Heaven. 

Liturgy. 
Epistle. Heb. ii. 2-10. Gospel. Luke x. 16-21 ; or Matt xiii. 

24-30, 3<>-43. 
General Service of the Holy Prophets. 
Epistle. 1 Cor. xiv. 20-25 ; or Heb. vi. Gospel. Matt, xxiii. 29-39 ! w Luke xi. 

13-20; or James v. 10-20. 47-54- 

General Service of the Holy Apostles. 
Epistle. 1 Cor. iv. 9-16. Gospel. Luke x. 1— 15 ; or x. 16, 21. 

Service of a Sainted Prelate. 
Epistle. Heb. vii. 26-viii. 2. Gospel. John x. 9-16. 

General Service of Sainted Prelates. 
Matins. Liturgy. 

Gospel. John x. 1-9. Epistle. Heb. xiii. 17-21. 

Gospel. Matt. v. 14-19 ; or John x. 9-16. 

Service of Venerable Saints, and of Fools for Christ's Sake, (i Cor. iv. 10.) 

Liturgy. 
Epistle. Gal. v. 22-vi. 2. Gospel. Matt. xi. 27-30 ; or Luke vi. 

17-23. 
Service of a Martyr. 
Liturgy. 
Epistle. 2 Tim. ii. 1-10. Gospel. Luke xii. 2-12; or John xv. 

17-xvi. 2. 

General Service of Martyrs. 
Liturgy. 
Epistle. Rom. viii. 28-39; w Heb * xi * Gospel. Matt x. 16-22 ; or Luke xxi. 

33-40. 12-19. 

Service of a Martyred Priest. 
Liturgy. 
Epistle. Heb. xiii. 7-16. Gospel. Luke xii. 32-40. 

f General Service of Martyred Priests. 
Matins. Liturgy. 

Epistle. Heb. v. 4-10 ; or Phil. iii. 20-iv. 3. Gospel. Luke vi. 17-23 ; or x. 22-24 ; 

or xiv. 25-35. 

Service of a Martyred Monk or Nun. 
Liturgy. 
Epistle* 2 Tim. i. 8-18. Gospel. Mark viii. 34-ix. 1. 



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TABLE OF EPISTLES AND GOSPELS FOR THE SAINTS xxv 

General Service of Martyred Monks or Nuns. 

Liturgy. 

Epistle. Rom. viii. 28-39. Gospel* Matt x. 32-33, 37, 38; xix. 

27-30 ; or Luke xii. 8-12. 

General Service of Holy Women Martyrs. 

Liturgy* 

Epistle, 2 Cor. vi. 1-10; or Gal. iii. 23-29. Gospel. Matt. xv. 21-28; or Mark v. 

24-34- 
General Service of Martyred Nuns. 
Liturgy. 
Epistle. Gal. iii. 23-29. Gospel. Matt. xxv. 1-13 ; or Luke vii. 

36-50. 

Service of Confessors. 

Liturgy. 

Epistle. Eph. vi. 10-17. Gospel Luke xii. 8-12. 

Service of Unmercenaries. 

Liturgy. 

Epistle. 1 Cor. xii. 27-xii. 8. Gospel. Matt x. 1, 5-8. 



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THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH* 

The Exterior. A Temple has sometimes a single dome, sometimes 
many domes. One dome serves as a symbol of the One Head of the 
Church, Jesus Christ. Three domes typify the three Persons of the 
Holy Trinity. Five are symbolical of our Lord Jesus Christ and the 
Four Evangelists. 

Each dome — and where there is no dome the apex of the Temple — 
is crowned by a Cross, the emblem of victory. 

Bells. A Belfry is generally constructed in connection with the 
church, either in a separate tower or in one of the domes. The direct 
use of the belfry is to summon the faithful' to worship, although the 
rubric concerning the use of the different bells and their manner of 
chiming and pealing is very detailed and complicated. It is impossible 
to make it clear, in a foreign language, to those who are not personally 
acquainted with the beautiful Russian bells, which are treated in a pecul- 
iar way, wholly unknown in the Western Church. They are rung at 
certain points in the service, in order that the faithful who, for any 
reason, are not in church, may unite their prayers with those of the 

worshippers in the Temple 
at the most solemn mo- 
ments. At Matins, for ex- 
ample, they are rung before 
the Gospel is read, while 
the lights are being kin- 
dled, and the choir is sing- 
ing: Praise ye the Lord. 
At the Divine Liturgy one 
bell is rung while the Holy 
Gifts are being conse- 
crated. 

The Interior. The 
Temple is usually built in 
the form of a ship (the 
ship of salvation), or of a 
cross (the emblem of sal- 
vation). The Temple is 
divided into four parts : 
i. The Sanctuary (Altar), 
beyond the Image-screen 
Mba {Ikonostds). 2. The pro- 

* These explanations are derived chiefly from the valuable work of Arch priest Konstantfn 
Nik6lsky : An Aid to the Study oftht Orthodox Church. St Petersburg, 1894. 




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THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 



XXVH 



longation of the Sanctuary platform outside the Image-screen, called 
the So/ed, which consists of : (a) the Amv6n> or Tribune, which is the 
portion immediately in front of the Holy Door, in the centre of the 
Screen, and (b) the railed KUros, or places fo>r the two choirs, on either 
side of the Amv6n. 3. The Body of the church. 4. The Porch 
(Pritvdr). 

The Sanctuary must be built, except when that is impossible, at the 
eastern end of the church. 

The Altar {Ptestdl) represents the throne of God in heaven, and the 




Corporal 

Lord God Almighty himself is present thereon. It also represents 
the tomb of Christ, since his Body is placed thereon. 

The first covering of the Altar, the white linen Sratchitza, represents 
the winding-sheet in which the body of our Lord was wrapped. The 
upper Altar-cloth {Inditia), of rich and brilliant material, represents the 
glory of God's throne. Both cloths cover the Altar to the ground. 

On the Altar is placed the Corporal (Antimins), a silken (formerly 
a linen) cloth, having upon it the representation of the Deposition of 
Christ in the tomb and the four Evangelists. This is spread out only 
in the Divine Liturgy, at the beginning of the Liturgy of the Faith- 
ful, and is folded up again as soon as that is finished. If any accident 



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XXV1U 



THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 




Dikfri 



Trikfri 



should happen to the holy Altar, the Holy Oblation can be made upon 
the Corporal alone, in an unconsecrated building or suitable place. In 
this Corporal {Antimins\ or Vice-Altar, are placed relics of the Saints. 
Other relics are placed under and in the Altar itself, in a specially pre- 
pared coffer; because the blood of the Martyrs, after that of Christ 

himself, serves as the foundation of the 
Church. And also because, in the early 
days of Christianity, the Holy Eucharist 
was celebrated in the Catacombs, on the 
tombs of the Martyrs. 

Under the Corporal, and upon the upper 
Altar-cloth is placed a square of fine linen 
or rich material called the Ilitdn, which 
symbolizes the swaddling-clothes wherein 
the Lord was wrapped after his birth ; and 
also the winding-sheet wherein his body was 
enveloped in the tomb, as the Altar repre- 
sents the gravestone. 

Behind the Altar a seven-branched can- 
delabra is usually placed (seven being the 
customary sacred number) ; and, sometimes 
a large Cross, for carrying in processions. 
The Book of the Holy Gospels, being the Word of God, is laid upon 
the Altar, to denote that God himself is mystically present thereon ; 
and the Cross stands on the Altar as upon the place where is celebrated 
the unbloody sacrifice offered up to GcxL 

As the Altar represents the sepulchre of the Lord, an Ark (KovtcMg) 
is set thereon, being the Tabernacle in which are placed the Holy 
Gifts, the Body and Blood of 
Christ reserved for the sick, 
and (during the Great Fast — 
Lent) for the Liturgy of the 
Presanctified Gifts. 

Upon the Altar is kept the 
Holy Chrism for Chrismation 
after Baptism. Tapers are 
placed upon the Altar to typify 
the light of Christ, which illu- dSfr? 
mines the world ; and, at V J?.^-. 
Pontifical Services, the double 
and triple branched candle- 
sticks {Dik{ri y Trikiri) — re- 
presenting, respectively, the 
dual nature of Christ (human 

and divine) and the Holy Table of Obhtion 

Trinity — wherewith the 




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THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 



Bishop bestows his blessing on the people. It is strictly for- 
bidden to place anything whatsoever on the Altar save the 
objects which are here enumerated. A sponge is usually 
placed beside the Corporal, for the more careful brushing 
off of the particles from the Paten into the Chalice. In some 
places a Canopy (Syfrt) is suspended over the Altar, to re- 
present the heavens outspread above the earth, upon which 
was offered up the sacrifice for the sins of the world. 

Behind the Altar is the High Place (Gdrnoye Myfctd), an 
elevation upon which stands the Bishop's throne. At cer- 
tain times during the service the Bishop sits thereon, re- 
presenting the King of Glory. On either side of the " High 
Place" are seats for those who celebrate with the Bishop, 
and represent the Apostles and their successors. At either 
side of the "High Place," during Pontifical services, are 
placed the Sacramental Fans {Ripidi), representing the 
six-winged Seraphim, with which the Holy Gifts are fanned 
___ to keep away insects. 

The Credence (Table of Oblation — Zhirtvennik) is in 
the northern part of the Sanctuary, and on it* the Holy Gifts are pre- 
pared for consecration. 




Paten 



Star-Cover 



Altar-Bread 



For their preparation and for 
communicating them the following 
sacred vessels and implements are 
used : 

The Paten {Diskos), for the 
bread ; the Star-cover (Zvyez- 
dUzd), which supports the Veil 
above the Paten so that it may 
not touch the Holy Body; the 
Chalice {Potir\ for the wine ; the 
Spear {Kopyf), with which the 
particles are taken from the Altar- 
breads {Prosfor{\ and represents 
the spear with which the Saviour's ChaUce Spear Spoon 

side was pierced ; the sacramental Spoon {Lzhitzd), with which the 
Holy Body and Blood are administered to the laity ; the Sponge {Gubkd) 




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THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 



* 



wm. 




Ladle 



with which the Chalice is wiped out at the .end of the Communion ; 
three Veils {Pokrdvy) ; two smaller, for covering the Paten and Chalice, 
and one which is called the Air ( Vdzdukfi), for covering both Paten 
and Chalice ; the Ladle (KovsA), in which the holy tepid water and wine 
are offered (together with portions of the bread), to 
the communicants, after they have received the 
Holy Gifts ; two salvers for the Altar-breads. 

The Censer (Kadtfo), which, with the incense 
placed therein, is symbolical of the gifts offered by 
the Wise Men to the infant Christ, — gold, frank- 
incense, and myrrh, — is also necessary for most 
services. 

The southern side of the Sanctuary is usually 
appointed as the Repository (Didkonnik) for the 
vestments, church books, and the vessels used in 
the divine service. 

The Sanctuary is separated from the choir-place 
and the body of the Temple by a solid Image-screen 
{Ikono$tds\ which corresponds to the chancel-rail in the 
Western Church. Three doors give access through it to 
the different parts of the Sanctuary above mentioned. 

The central opening is called the Royal Gate {Tzdrs- 
kiya Vratd), because through it, at the Divine Liturgy, the 
King of Glory comes forth to feed his faithful people 
with his own Divine Body and Blood ; or the Holy Door 
{Svyatya Vratd), because the Mystery of the Eucharist 
is celebrated in the Sanctuary, and through this door (or 
gate) the Holy Gifts are brought forth. Unordained 
men are not permitted to pass through it. No woman 
may enter the Sanctuary at any time. 

The opening and closing of the Holy Door, at different 
points of the various services, signify several things: 
sometimes the opening of the gates of Paradise ; some- 
times the throwing open of the entrance into the King- 
dom of Heaven. The Entrances and Exits through it of 
the clergy symbolize the progress to and from those 
places where the Saviour of the world abode; since the 
priest, at different points, represents the Saviour himself 
or the Angel of God proclaiming the Resurrection of 
Christ ; while the Deacon represents the Angel of the 
Lord, or John the Baptist. 

The Curtain inside the Holy Door is drawn or with- ceaaer 
drawn at appointed times during divine service. The 
Image-screen (Ikonostds) portrays those who dwell in heaven. In the 
Image-screen are the Holy Pictures (Images — Ikdni) of the Lord 
God magnified in the Trinity ; of the most holy Birth-giver of our 



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THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 




Banner 



Lord ; of the Holy Angels, Prophets and Apostles, and other 
Saints of God ; and presentments of sacred events which 
have happened for our salvation. The customary arrangement 
of the holy Images is as follows : On the right of the Holy 
Door is placed the image of the Saviour, and next it (or next 
the south door, if that be next), the Image 
of the Temple, or of the Patron Saint of the 
Temple. On the left of the Holy Door is the 
Image of the holy Birth-giver of God On 
the leaves of the Holy Door itself (which 
represents the Entrance into Heaven) is the 
Image of the Annunciation, that being the 
forefront of our salvation ; together with 
the Images of the Four Evangelists, who 
also, like the Archangel Gabriel, announced 
to the world the glad tidings of the Saviour. 
Over the Holy Door is the Image {Ikdna) 
of the Last Supper ; because in the Sanc- 
tuary is celebrated the Mystery of the Eu- 
charist, reminding us that those who wish 
to follow Christ and obtain entrance to the 
kingdom of heaven must be accounted 
worthy to partake of the Lord's Supper, 
which is prepared within the Holy Door, and offered to the 
laity in front of that door. 

On the northern and southern doors are depicted the mes- 
sengers of God, the Angels, sent to serve those who desire to 
follow after salvation ; or holy Deacons, the types of the Angels, 
who have charge of those parts of the Sanctuary into which 
these doors lead. 

At each Kliros (Choir-place) stands a holy Banner {Kkortigv) ; 
a holy picture mounted upon a staff, typifying the victorious 
of Christ's Church, which wages incessant warfare with the 
enemies of salvation. 

In large churches, in line with the Images of the Saviour and the holy 
Birth-giver of God in the Image-screen, are placed Images of the more 
especially revered Saints. Above them, in the second row, are the Images 
of the Feasts of our Lord, and of the holy Birth-giver of God. In the 
third row are the Images of those Saints who, on earth as in heaven, were 
deemed worthy to be nearest to the Saviour, namely : Over the Image 
of the Last Supper is placed the Image of Jesus Christ himself, in royal 
or episcopal robes, having on his right hand the holy Birth-giver of 
God, and on his left St. John the Baptist. This Image is called the Dtisis 
(Prayer), the Holy Mother and St. John being turned toward the Saviour 
in supplication ; and on either side it has the Images of the Apostles. 
In the next row are placed the Images of the Old Testament Saints, 



that is, 
Banner 



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xxxii THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 

— the Prophets : and among them is placed the holy Birth-giver of God 
with the Divine Child, who is from everlasting, and who was their hope, 
their consolation, and the subject of their prophecies. 

Images and the fittings of the Temple are used in accordance with 
the command of God : Exodus xxv. 18-20; xxvi. i, 31,* 

The Body of the Church. The space extending from the Sanc- 
tuary platform {Soled) to the Porch (Pritvdr) is appointed for the lay 
worshippers, who generally stand throughout the service, — usually in 
two groups, — the men on the right and the women on the left In this 
part of the church, during Pontifical services, in the centre there is placed 
a raised dais, called the Kdthedra. Here the Bishop is vested, and here, 
also, he performs a portion of the service ; and sometimes, even, the 
entire service, praying like a father surrounded by his children. 



Winding-Sheet 

In spacious churches, there is also placed, close to the Sanctuary 
platform, the Tomb for the Winding-sheet (Plashtschanitza) ; and a 
small table for Requiem services, with the Requiem-stand (Panikkid- 
ni&),-\ with places for tapers and a vessel for grain. 

The Vestibule (Pritvdr), or inner porch, was appointed, in early times, 
for the Catechumens, or learners, and for penitents. Here they listened 
to exhortations and instruction, and here they prayed. The rubric 
decrees that the Office for the Reception of Converts shall be performed 
in this Vestibule. Several of the penitential Offices, also, are appointed 
to be said here, such as the Litiyd(a. litany of fervent supplication, with 
oft-repeated " Lord, have mercy" in response) at Vespers. 

Lights. Lights are always used during divine service, even though 
it be performed in full sunlight. This is done not only for illumination, 
but also to show that the Lord, who dwells in light ineffable, illumines 
the world with spiritual radiance ; to denote that the hearts of faithful 
believers are warmed by a flame of love toward God and his Saints ; 
and, also, to show forth spiritual joy and the triumph of the Church. 

Wax and olive oil, as the purest of substances, and free from animal 

* Concerning the use and significance of these Holy Images (Mnt)* see the Office for the 
Reception of Converts. 
t See Appendix B, XII. 



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THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 



matter, are used for lighting before sacred things. Artificial light also 
is permitted, but only for illumination. The wax and oil are symbolical 
of the purity and sincerity of the gifts which provide them, made in the 
holy Name of God. 

The lights in the Temple are kindled in accordance with the songs 
and services. The more vivid the joy of the Church in the Lord, the 
more solemn the service, the more numerous are the lights. On Great 
Feasts all the lights are not kindled at the beginning of the service, 
but at the approach of the most solemn hymns and readings. The 
rubrics on these points are detailed and precise. More lights are used 
at the Divine Liturgy than at the other services, as a rule. 

Attitude. Only two attitudes are recognized as befitting the 
house of God : standing and kneeling. There are some moments of the 
service when sitting is proper. But usually it is tolerated only as a con- 
cession to physical weakness. On Sundays and Feast Days, with few 
exceptions, the rubric of the Church does not permit kneeling; that 
is, reverences to the earth. From holy Easter Day until Pentecost 
(Trinity Sunday) no kneeling is appointed. The joy of the worship- 
pers at that season is held to outweigh even their sense of lowly 
penitence for sin, which prompts to kneeling. 

The Sign of the Cross is made with the thumb and the first two 
fingers of the right hand joined at the tips (the third and fourth fingers 
being closed on the palm), as a symbol of the Trinity, by touching the 
brow, the breast, the right shoulder and the left shoul- 
der : in token that every power of mind, heart, soul 
and strength are dedicated to the service of God. It 
is made, accompanied by a simple inclination of the 
head and body, always at the occur- 
rence in prayers and litanies of the 
words : " Let us attend," " Lord, have 
mercy," " Grant it, O Lord," " Come, 
and take up thine abode in us," " Let 
us pray to the Lord," and so forth. 

The sign of the Cross, accompa- 
nied by a reverence to the very 
earth, is made when the following 
words occur : " Let us worship and 
fall down;" "Let us give thanks 
unto the Lord ; " or when the singers 
sing, "Meet and right is it to adore 
thee," "We praise thee, we bless thee;" "Our Father, 
who art in heaven ; " and when the holy Chalice is 
brought forth, during the Divine Liturgy, with the 
words : " Always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages ; " 
of God and with faith draw near." 

A reverence, unaccompanied by the sign of the Cross, is made when 




Position of the fingers 
of the right hand in 
making the sign of 
the cross 




Position of the fingers 
of the right hand for 
Bishops and Prusts, 
in bestowing the 
benediction. The 
letters IC,XC, Jesus 
Christ, are formed 

In the fear 



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xxxiv THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 

the Priest pronounces the words, "Peace be with you all," "The grace 
of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all," " The blessing of the Lord be 
upon you ; " or when he exclaims, " Bow your heads unto the Lord." 

Bishops and Priests, in bestowing the Benediction, hold the fingers 
in such a manner as to represent the Greek letters IC, XC — the first 
and last letters of Jesus Christ. 

Incensa The Holy Images (Ikdni), the Holy Things, and the people 
who are present at the divine service, are honoured with incense. The 
censing before the Holy Door signifies the desire of the worshippers 
that their prayers shall be borne up to the throne of God, as the in- 
cense from the censer is wafted heavenward; and that their petitions 
shall be well-pleasing to God like fragrant incense. The censing of the 
people is symbolical of the grace of the Holy Spirit, which is shed 
abroad everywhere, upon all men. The censer {Kadilo) represents the 
Divine Ember, even Christ. 

For the special significance of the censing at different points of the 
services, see the Explanations provided in Appendix B. 



SACERDOTAL VESTMENTS. 

Reader. A short Tunic {Fel6n\ which barely covers the shoulders, 
is put upon the Reader when he is set apart by the Bishop, and (at the 

present time) is rarely worn except 
upon that day. It symbolizes his 
coming under the 
yoke of the Priest- 
hood, and his dedica- 
tion to the service of 
God. His usual vest- 
ment is a Dalmatic 
{Stikhdr). 

Sub-Deacon and 
Deacon. The Dal- 
matic {Stikhdr) and 
the Stole (Ordr). The 
Dalmatic, a long, 
straight vestment 
with wide sleeves, 
which covers the 
whole person, is called 
"the robe of salvation 
and the garment of 
joy." It is symbolical 




Stole (Ordr) 



Dalmatic (Stikhdr) 

of a pure and tranquil conscience, a spotless life, and the spiritual joy 
in the Lord which flows therefrom, in him who wears it The Stole is a 
long, wide band of material which is sometimes worn over the left 



. 



THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 



XXXV 



shoulder, sometimes crossed upon the breast and back, in the case of the 
Deacon. The Sub-Deacon wears his Stole always crossed, for conven- 
ience in the fulfilment of his duties. But the Deacon binds his Stole 
about him in the form of a cross shortly before the Holy Gifts are con- 
secrated, thus typifying the wings of the Angels who serve about the 
Altar, as the Deacons themselves typify the Cherubim and Seraphim. 
Sometimes the Angelic song, " Holy, Holy, Holy," is embroidered upon 
the Stole. The Stole is bound about the Sub-Deacon in the form of a 
cross at his Ordination, as a symbol that, through the meekness and 
continence of his members and the purity of his heart, he is to put 
upon him the robe of purity. The Deacon wears, also, the Gauntlets 




Zone, or Girdle 



Cassock 



Stole {EfUrakhtt) 



{Pdrutchi), for convenience during the service, and to remind him that 
he must not put his trust in his own strength alone, but in the right hand 
of the Lord, the Almighty and merciful God, and in His strength and aid. 

Priests. The Priest's stikhdr, or cassock {Podriznik), has close 
sleeves. His Stole (Epitrakhil) consists of a long piece of stuff like 
the Deacon's, but broader than the latter, which passes round his neck, 
is joined in front for its entire length, and falls low upon his cassock. 
It typifies the consecrating grace of the Priesthood. The Priest, like the 
Deacon, can celebrate no Office without his Stole. In it, without the 
Chasuble, he celebrates the less solemn Offices : Lesser Vespers, ordi- 
nary Compline, Lauds {Polun6tchnitza)> the Hours (if the Gospel be not 
appointed to be read in them) ; also various Prayer-services in private 
dwellings, such as that at the birth of a child, and the like. 

The Zone (Pfyas) is sort of belt wherewith the Priest girds himself 



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xxxvi THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 

above his cassock and stole, for convenience in serving the Altar. It is 
symbolical of the gift of strength, wherewith God aids him in his ser- 
vice, and exhorts him to blamelessness of life. His Gauntlets (PSrutchi) 
typify the bonds wherewith the hands of our Lord were bound. 

The Epigondtion {Nabidrennik) is an oblong piece of brocade, which 
is suspended upon the hip of a priest, and signifies the Sword of the 
Spirit, which is the Word of God. It is also explained as being sym- 
bolical of the towel wherewith the Saviour girded himself to wash the 
disciples' feet. 

The Pdlitza is identical with the Epigondtion, except that it is sus- 





Epigonition 



Pilitza 





Biretta 
{Skufyd) 



Biretta 

(Kamil&vka) 




Chasuble 



pended by one corner instead of by two corners. It is always worn on the 
right hip. The Epigondtion is worn on the right hip ; but if the Priest 
have also a Pdlitza, the Epigondtion is worn on the left hip. Both the 
Epigondtion and the Pdlitza are typical of profound zeal for the faith, 
and for the salvation of Christ's flock, and are conferred as rewards of 
honour. 

The distinguishing vestment of the Priest is the Chasuble {FeUn)> a 
long, ample garment without sleeves, short in front and with an open- 
ing for the head, which is put on over the other vestments. 

Archpriests and Priests also receive, as tokens of distinguished ser- 
vice, the pointed and the upright Biretta — the skufyd and the kami- 
Idvka. 

A Bishop wears all the vestments of a Priest, save the Chasuble and 
Epigondtion, his biretta being perpendicular, black, and draped with 



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THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 




A, Dalmatic {Sdkkos). B, Pall 



the monastic veil or cowl. In place of 

the Chasuble a Bishop wears a Dalmatic, 

which closely resembles the wide- 
sleeved Dalmatic of the Deacon. This 

Dalmatic (Sdkkos) is symbolical of 

Christ's coat without a seam, woven 

from top to bottom. The Bishop's 

Stole {Otnofdr — Pall) is very broad, 

and hangs down in front and behind 

over his other vestments. His Pall typ- 
ifies the wandering sheep, and the 

Prelate, when arrayed in this vestment, 

bears the image of the Saviour Christ, 

who, as the Good Shepherd, took upon 

his shoulders the wandering sheep and 

bare it to those who wander not; that 

is, to the Angels, in his Father's house. 

The Mitre is typical of a diadem or 

crown, and serves as an emblem of the 

power bestowed upon a minister of the 

Church. (The Mitre is conferred also 

upon Archimandrites, or Abbots, and upon 
certain Archpriests.) The Panagia> which is 
worn on his breast by a Bishop, is generally a 
small, circular Holy Image, or f&ona, of our Sa- 
viour and the Birth-giver 
of God. The Panagia (or 
"all-holy") reminds the 
Bishop that he must al- 
ways bear in his heart our 
Lord and his holy Mother, 
the Intercessor with God ; 
and, to that end his heart 
must be pure, and his spirit 
upright. 
The Bishop's Mantle {Mdntiyd) is a monastic 

vestment, which covers the whole person with the 

exception of the head. Its freely flowing lines 

typify the wings of the Angels ; hence it is called 

"the Angelic vestment." The folds of the Mantle 

are symbolical of the all-embracing power of God ; 

and also of the strictness, piety and meekness of 

the monastic life ; and that the hands and other Pectora| ^ e , PaHajlfa) 

members of a monk do not live, and are not fitted gt ****** 

for worldly activity, but are all dead. All monks, when present at divine 

sendee, must be robed in their mantles. 




Mitre 




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THE SYMBOLISM OF THE CHURCH 




The peculiarity of a Bishops man- 
tle is that it is not black in hue, like 
the monastic mantle, but of purple, 
or some other colour ; and upon it 
are sewn the so-called "Tables of the 
Law " {Skrizhdli), and, in particular, 
the " Fountains " {Istdtchniki). The 
Tables (squares of velvet at neck and 
foot) typify the Old and the New 
Testament, whence the ministers of 
God should draw their doctrine. The 
" Fountains " are ribbons, usually red 
and white in hue, sewn horizontally 
round the Mantle, and represent the 
streams of teaching which flow from 
the mouth of the Bishop. Small 
bells are attached to the Mantle of 
a Bishop, and to his Dalma- 
tic, as to the upper robe of 
the High Priest of the Jews. 
The Crozier, or Pastoral 
Staff (P6sokh\ is given to 
Bishops and to Archiman- 
drites, in token of their spir- 
itual authority over the monasteries or cities which they rule ; 
and as a sign that it behooves them to feed the flock of Christ. 
The Eagle (OrUtz) is a small circular rug, with the representa- 
tion of a one-headed eagle soaring over a battlemented city. A 

Bishop stands on this rug 
during divine service, and to 
him alone is its use accorded. 
He is led upon a large " Eagle " 
at his Consecration, as. the 
Office of Consecration sets 
forth. (See that Office.) The 
view of the city betokens the 
Prelate's rule over the city ; 
the Eagle denotes the lofti- 
ness and purity of his teach- 
ing. Thus the Eagle-rug spread 
for a Bishop to stand upon 
signifies that he, by his life 
and doctrine, must resemble 
the eagle, which soars above all lower 
things, and aspires unto heaven. 



Bishop's Mantle 





l|i 



Crozier 



Eagle 



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THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE (i)* 

The Holy Doors are open. The Priest stands before the Altar with the censer, and 
the Deacon with the taper. 

GREAT VESPERS 

Deacon. Arise, Master, give the blessing. 

Priest Glory to the Holy, Consubstantial, Life-giving and Undi- 
vided Trinity always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. (2) 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest. 'O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us wor- 
ship and fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let 
us worship and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our 
God. O come, let us worship and fall down before him. {Three rever- 
ences.) 

From Easter until Ascension Day, in place of O come, let us worship, shall be 
sung: 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, Bacttr- 
and upon those in the tomb bestowing life. tUi ' 

Then shall be said or sung Psalm civ. ; and the Priest^ preceded by the Deacon 
bearing a taper, shall cense the whole temple, after which the HoHy Door is 
closed. (3) 



Psalm civ. 
Praise the Lord, O my 
soul. Blessed art thou, O 
Lord. O Lord my God, 
thou art become exceed- 
ing glorious. Blessed art 
thou, O Lord. In wisdom 
hast thou made them all. 
Glory to thee, O Lord, 
who hast made them all. 

Thus much is generally used. 
But sometimes the whole is 
read or sung, as follow- 
eth; 

Praise the Lord, O my 
soul : O Lord my God, 



The Priest now taketh his stand before the 
Holy Door, with head uncovered, and recit- 
eth the Prayers of Light, secretly. (4) 

A. 

O Lord, bountiful and compassionate, 
long-suffering and plenteous in mercy, 
give ear unto our prayer, and attend to 
the voice of our supplication. Work 
upon us a sign for good. Lead us in thy 
way, that we may walk in thy truth. 
Make glad our hearts, that we may fear 
thy holy Name, For thou art great and 
doest wonders. Thou alone art God, 
and among all the gods there is none 
like unto thee, O Lord, mighty in 
mercy, gracious in strength, to aid and 



r 



* For an explanation of the SymbolUm indicated by reference-numerals in the text, see 
Appendix B, I. 



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THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 



thou art become exceed- 
ing glorious ; thou art 
clothed with majesty and 
honour. Thou deckest 
thyself with light as it 
were with a garment, and 
spreadest out the heavens 
like a curtain. Who lay- 
eth the beams of his cham- 
bers in the waters, and 
maketh the clouds his 
chariot, and walketh upon 
the wings of the wind. 
He maketh his angels spir- 
its, and his ministers a 
flaming fire. He laid the 
foundations of the earth, 
that it never should move 
at any time. Thou cover- 
edst it with the deep like 
as a garment ; the waters 
stand in the hills. At thy 
reriuke they flee ; at the 
voice of thy thunder they 
are afraid. Tbey go up as 
high as the hills, and down 
to the valleys beneath; 
even unto the place which 
thou hast appointed for 
them. Thou hast set them 
their bounds, which they 
shall not pass, neither turn 
again to cover the earth. 
He sendeth the springs 
into the rivers, which run 
among the hills. All the 
beasts of the field drink 
thereof, and the wild asses 
quench their thirst. Be- 
side them shall the fowls 
of the air have their hab- 
itation, and sing among 
the branches. He water- 
eth the hills from above; 
the earth is filled with the 
fruit of thy works. He 



to comfort and save all those who put 
their trust in thy holy Name. 

For unto thee are due all glory, honour 
and worship, to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

B. 

O Lord, rebuke us not in thy displea- 
sure, neither chasten us in thy wrath : 
but deal with us according to thy mercy, 
O Physician and Healer of our souls. 
Guide us unto the haven of thy will. 
Enlighten the eyes of our hearts to the 
knowledge of thy truth, and vouchsafe 
that the residue of this day and our 
whole life may be peaceful and without 
sin ; through the intercessions of the 
holy Birth-giver of God, and of all the 
Saints. 

For thine is the majesty, and thine 
are the kingdom and the power and the 
glory, of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

c. 

O Lord our God, remember us sin- 
ners and thine unprofitable servants 
when we call upon thy holy Name, and 
put us not to shame in our expectation 
of thy mercy : but grant us, O Lord, 
all our petitions which are unto salva- 
tion, and vouchsafe that we may love 
and fear thee with all our hearts, and 
do thy will in all things. 

For thou art a gracious God, and 
lovest mankind : and unto thee do we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

D. 

O thou who, with never-silent hymns 
and never-ceasing songs of praise to thy 
glory, art hymned by the holy Powers: 
Fill our mouths with thy praise, that we 



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GREAT VESPERS 



bringeth forth grass for 
the cattle, and green herb 
for the service of men ; 
That he may bring food 
out of the earth, and wine 
that maketh glad the heart 
of man : and oil to make him 
a cheerful countenance, 
and bread to strengthen 
man's heart. The trees of 
the Lord also are full of 
sap, even the cedars of Li- 
banus which he hath plant- 
ed ; . wherein the birds 
make their nests ; and the 
fir-trees are a dwelling for 
the stork. The high hills 
are a refuge for the wild 
goats; and so are the stony 
rocks for the conies. He 
appointed the moon for 
certain seasons, and the 
sun knoweth his going 
down. Thou makest dark- 
ness that it may be night; 
wherein all the beasts of 
the forests do move. The 
lions, roaring after their 
prey, do seek their meat 
from God. The sun aris- 
eth and they get them away 
together, and lay them 
down in their dens. Man 
goeth forth to his work, 
and to his labour, until 
the evening. O Lord, how 
manifold are thy works! 
in wisdom hast thou made 
them all ; the earth is full 
of thy riches. So is the 
great and wide sea also; 
wherein are creeping 
things innumerable, both 
small and great beasts. 
There go the ships, and 
there is that Leviathan, 



may magnify thy holy Name. And grant 
unto us part and inheritance with all 
those who fear thee in truth and keep 
thy commandment ; through the inter- 
cessions of the holy Birth-giver of God, 
and of all thy Saints. 

For unto thee are due all glory, honour 
and worship, to, the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



O Lord, Lord, who upholdest all 
things in the all-pure hollow of thy hand; 
who showest long-suffering upon us all, 
and repentest thee at our calamities: 
Remember thy bounties and thy mercy. 
Visit us with thy loving-kindness: and 
grant that, through the residue of thy 
day, by thy grace, we may avoid the 
divers subtle snares of the Evil One, 
and preserve our lives unassailed ; 
through the grace of thine all-holy Spirit. 

Through the mercy and love toward 
mankind of thine Only-begotten Son, 
with whom thou art blessed, together 
with thine all-holy, and good, and life- 
creating Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 



O God, great and wonderful, who with 
wisdom inscrutable and great riches of 
providence orderest all things, and be- 
stowest upon us earthly good things ; who 
hast given us a pledge of the promised 
kingdom through the good things already 
bestowed upon us, and hast made us to 
shun all evil during that part of the day 
which is past : Grant that we may also 
fulfil the residue of this day without 
reproach before thy holy glory, and hymn 
thee, the only good one, our God, who 
lovest mankind. 

For thou art our God, and unto thee 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to 



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THE ALI^NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 



whom thou hast made to 
take his pastime therein. 
These all wait upon thee, 
that thou mayest give 
them meat in due season. 
When thou givest it them, 
they gather it; and when 
thou openest thy hand, 
they are filled with good. 
When thou hidest thy 
face, they are troubled; 
when thou takest away 
their breath, they die, and 
are turned again to their 
dust. When thou lettest 
thy breath go forth, they 
shall be made: the Lord 
shall rejoice in his works. 
The earth shall tremble at 
the look of him ; if he do 
but touch the hills, they 
shall smoke. I will sing 
unto the Lord as long as 
I live; I will praise my 
God while. I have my be- 
ing. And so shall my 
words please him : my joy 
shall be in the Lord. As 
for sinners, they shall be 
consumed out of the earth, 
and the ungodly shall 
come to an end. Praise 
thou the Lord, O my soul. 
Praise the Lord. 



the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



G. 

O great and most high God, who alone 
hast immortality, and dwellest in light 
unapproachable ; who hast made all cre- 
ation in wisdom ; who hast divided the 
light from the darkness, and hast ap- 
pointed the sun to rule the day, the moon 
and stars also to rule the night; who 
hast vouchsafed unto us sinners at this 
present hour also to come before thy 
presence with confession, and to offer 
unto thee our evening sacrifice of praise : 
Do thou thyself, who lovest mankind, 
direct our prayer as a censer before 
thee, and accept it for a savour of sweet 
incense ; and grant that we may pass 
this present evening and the coming 
night in peace. Endue us with the ar- 
mour of light. Deliver us from the terror 
of the night, and from everything that 
walketh in darkness ; and grant that the 
sleep, which thou hast appointed for the 
repose of our weakness, may be free from 
every imagination of the Devil. Yea, O 
Master, Bestowerof all good things, may 
we, being moved to compunction upon 
our beds, call to remembrance thy holy 
Name in the night season : that, enlight- 
ened by meditation on thy statutes, we 
may rise up in joyfulness of soul to glo- 
rify thy goodness, offering up prayers 
and supplications unto thy tender love 
for our own sins and for those of all thy 

people: whom do thou visit in mercy, through the intercessions of 

the holy Birth-giver of God. 

For thou art a gracious God, and lovest mankind, and unto thee 

do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 

Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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GREAT VESPERS 5 

Then the Priest (or the Deacon, if there be one) shall come out through the North 
Door, and taking his stand in the usual place, shall recite 

The Great Litany ( Velikaya Ekttniyd). 

In peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from above, and for the salvation of our 
souls : I£ 

For the peace of the whole world ; for the welfare of God's holy 
Churches, and for the union of them all : IJs 

For this holy Temple, and for those who with faith, devoutness, 
and in the fear of God have entered therein : Ifc 

For our Holy Synod (or Patriarch) ; for our Bishop (or Archbishop, 
or Metropolitan), N. ; for the honourable Presbytery, the Diaconate 
in Christ ; for all the clergy and the laity : I£ 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authorities 
(Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or President, according to the 
elements and nationalities of which the Parish is constituted). 

That he will aid them and subdue under their feet every foe and 
adversary: Ifc 

For this city, for this holy Temple, and for every city and land, 
and for those who with faith dwell therein : I£ 

For healthful seasons ; for abundance of the fruits of the earth, 
and for peaceful times : I£ 

For those who travel by sea or by land ; for the sick and the suf- 
fering ; for those who are in captivity, and for their salvation : Ifc 

That he will deliver us from all tribulation, wrath, peril and 
necessity : IJs 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace : I& 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 



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Priest. For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. (5) 

Choir. Amen. 

Then shall be said or sung several verses from the First Selection of the Psalms 
(Stikhosldvu Kafismi). (6) 

Psalms i., ii. 

Blessed is the man that hath not walked in the counsel of the un- 
godly. Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. 



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For the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous, and the way of the 

ungodly shall perish. Alleluia. {Thrice.) 

Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice unto him with reverence. 

Alleluia. (Thrice.) 

Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. Alleluia. ( Thrice.) (7) 

Arise, O Lord : Save me, O my God. Alleluia. (Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 

and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. 

Glory to thee, O Lord. (Thrice.) 

Then the Deacon saith 
The Little Litany (Mdlaya Ekikniyd). 

Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thine is the majesty, and thine are the kingdom and 
the power and the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

And here shall be sung immediately, Lord, I have cried unto thee, with its Verses 
(Stihhl), as appointed. And in the mean time the Deacon cense th the Sanctu- 
ary and all the Temple. 



PSALMS CXLL, CXL1I., CXXX., 
CXVII. 

Lord, I have cried unto thee, 
hear me. Hear me, O Lord. 
Lord, I have cried unto thee, 
hear me: receive the voice of 
my prayer when I call upon 
thee. Hear me, O Lord. Let my 
prayer be set forth in thy sight as 
incense, and let the lifting up of 
my hands be an evening sacrifice. 

The Canticles (Stikhiry ; see Appen- 
dix A) are then sung or read in 
the proper Tone, as appointed, pre- 
ceded ty Verses (Stikht). 



The Priest prayeth, secretly. 

In the evening, and in the 
morning, and at noonday we 
praise thee, we bless thee, we 
give thanks unto thee, and we 
pray unto thee, O Lord of all : 
Direct thou our prayer before 
thee as incense, and incline not 
^mr hearts unto words or thoughts 
T)f wickedness ; but deliver us 
from all who seek after our souls. 
For unto thee, Lord, O Lord, 
lift we up our eyes, and in thee 
have we trusted. Put us not to 
shame, O our God. 



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GREAT VESPERS 



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{On the Lord's Day and the For unto thee are due all glory, 
Great Feasts) : Bring my soul out honour and worship, to the Fa- 
of prison, that I may give thanks ther, and to the Son, and to the 
unto thy Name. Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 

unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The righteous await me, until thou shalt requite me. 

{On Feast Days) : Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O Lord : 
O Lord, hear my voice, 

O let thine ears consider well the voice of my complaint. 

{On Ordinary Days): If thou, Lord, wilt be extreme to mark what is 
done amiss, O Lord, who may abide it. 

Fof thy Name's sake I have patiently waited for thee, O Lord ; my 
soul hath waited patiently for thy word ; my soul hath trusted in the 
Lord. 

{Or) : My soul fleeth unto the Lord before the morning watch, I say, 
before the morning watch. 

For with the Lord there is mercy, and with him is plenteous re- 
demption. And he shall redeem Israel from all his sins. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



Then shall be sung the Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Dogmdtik) (8) in 
the proper Tone* 



Tone I * (Example.) 

Let us sing the praises of Mary, Vir- 
gin, Door of heaven, Glory of all the 
world, sprung forth from man, who also 
bare the Lord ; the Song of the Bodi- 
less Powers, and the Enriching of the 
faithful. For she revealed herself as 
Heaven and the Temple of the Godhead. 
She destroyed the bulwarks of enmity, 
and ushered in peace, and threw open 
the kingdom. Wherefore, in that we 
possess this confirmation of our faith 
we have a defender, even the Lord who 
was born of her. Be bold, therefore, be 
bold, ye people of God, for he, the All- 
Powerful, will vanquish your foes. 



While the Dogmdtik is Being sung, 
the Holy Door is opened, and 
the Priest and Deacon pass 
before the High Place, through 
the Left Door, and stand before 
the Holy Door. (9) 

Then the Deacon, having censed 
the Holy Pictures (ikoni), shall 
say in a low voice to the 
Priest: 

Bless, Master, the Holy En- 
trance. 

And the Priest, blessing with the 
sign of the cross, shall say : 

Blessed is the Entrance of 
thy Holy Ones, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 

Deacon. Amen. 



And when the Dogmdtik is finished the Deacon shall lift up the censer, as he 
s/andeth in the middle of the Holy Door, and shall say aloud; 

Wisdom, O believers ! 

* For the Dogmitiki, see Appendix A. 



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8 THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

Then shall be sung the Hymn (Tropdr) composed by Sophronius, Patriarch of 
Jerusalem. 

O gladsome radiance of the holy glory of the Father immortal, hea- 
venly, holy, blessed, Jesus Christ ! In that we now are come unto the 
setting of the sun, and behold the light of even, we hymn thee, Father, 
Son, and Holy Spirit, God. For meet is it that at all times thou 
shouldest be magnified by voices propitious, O Son of God, who be- 
stowest life. For which cause all the world doth glorify thee. 

The Priest and the Deacon enter the Sanctuary and go to the High Place. 

Deacon. Let us attend. Wisdom ! 
Priest. Peace be unto all. 
Reader. And to thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. — The Gradual {Prokinten) of the 
, . . Tone. (10) 

On Sunday Evenings Tone VIII. : 

Behold now, praise the Lord, all ye servants of the Lord. 
Verse (Stikh) : Ye that stand in the temple of the Lord, even in the 
courts of the house of our God. 

On Monday Evening, Tone IV. : 

When I call upon the Lord, he will hear me. 

Verse : Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness. 

On Tuesday Evenings Tone I. : 

Thy mercy, O Lord, shall follow me all the days of my life. 
Verse: The Lord is my shepherd, therefore can I lack nothing: he 
hath led me in a green pasture. 

On Wednesday Evening, Tone V. : 

Save me, O God, for thy Name's sake, and judge me in thy strength. 
Verse : Hear my prayer, O God, and hearken unto the words of my 
mouth. 

On Thursday Evenings Tone VI. : 

My help cometh even from the Lord, who hath made heaven and 
earth. 

Verse : I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh 
my help. 

On Friday Evening, Tone VII. : 

Thou art my defence, O God, and thy goodness preventeth me. 
Verse: Deliver me from mine enemies, O God, and save me from 
them that rise up against me. 

On Saturday Evening (the Lord's Day) : 

The Lord is King, and hath put on glorious apparel. 
Verse: The Lord hath put on his apparel, and hath girded himself 
with strength. 



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GREAT VESPERS 9 

Verse : For he hath made the round world so sure that it shall not 
be moved. 

Verse: Holiness becometh thy house, O Lord, forever. 

Here, on certain Feasts and appointed days only, are read the Parables (ii) 
(Paremii), the Deacon having said before each Parable : Wisdom ! Let us 
attend ! 

The Gradual being finished, the Deacon shutteth the Holy Door t and goeth out 
, through the North Door, and saith 

The Augmented Litany (JSugtbaya Ektkniyd). 

Let us say, with all our soul and with all our mind let us say, 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

O Lord Almighty, the God of our fathers, we beseech thee, 
hearken and have mercy. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, we 
beseech thee : hearken, and have mercy. ft 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authorities 
(Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or President, according to the 
elements and nationalities of which the Parish is constituted).. 

Furthermore we pray for our Holy Synod (or Patriarch) ; for 
our Bishop (or Archbishop, or Metropolitan), N. ; and for all our 
brethren in Christ. 

Furthermore we pray for all their Christ-loving Army and Navy, ft 

Furthermore we pray for the blessed and ever-memorable founders 
of this holy Temple; and for all our devout fathers and brethren, 
Orthodox believers, departed this life before us, who here and in 
all the world lie asleep in the Lord, ft 

Furthermore we pray for mercy, life, peace, health, salvation, for- 
giveness and remission of sins for the servants of God, our brethren 
of this holy Temple, ft 

Furthermore we pray for those who bear fruit and do good works 
in this holy and all-honourable Temple ; for those who labour in its 
service ; for the singers; and for the people here present, who await 
in firm hope thy great and rich mercies, ft 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto 
thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Reader. Vouchsafe, O Lord, to keep us this night without sin. 
Blessed art thou, O Lord, the God of our fathers, and praised and glori- 
fied is thy name forever.. Amen. 

Let thy mercy be upon us, O Lord, even as we have set our hope 
on thee. Blessed art thou, O Lord ; teach me thy statutes. Blessed 






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io THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

art thou, Master; make me to understand thy commandments. 
Blessed art thou, Holy One ; enlighten me with thy precepts. 

Thy mercy, O Lord, endureth forever : O despise not the works of 
thy hands. To thee belongeth worship, to thee belongeth praise, to 
thee belongeth glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us complete our evening prayer unto the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, be merciful unto us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

An evening all-perfect, holy, peaceful and sinless, let us be- 
seech of the Lord : ft 

An Angel of Peace, the faithful guide and guardian both of 
our souls and bodies : ft 

The pardon and remission of our sins and transgressions : ft 

All things which are profitable to our souls and bodies, and 
peace to the world : ft 

That we may pass the residue of our life in peace arid peni- 
tence: ft 

A Christian ending to our life, painless, blameless, peaceful ; and 
a good defence before the dread Judgment Seat of Christ : ft 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art a gracious God, and lovest mankind, and unto 
thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest Peace be with you all. The Priest, secretly. 

O Lord our God, who didst 
bow the heavens and come down 
for the salvation of mankind: 
Look upon thy servants and thine 
inheritance ; for unto thee, the 
awful Judge, who yet lovest man- 
kind, have thy servants bowed their heads, and submissively inclined 
their necks, awaiting not succour from men, but expecting thy 
mercy and looking confidently for thy salvation. Guard them at all 
times, both during this present evening and. in the approaching 
night, from every foe, from all adverse powers of the Devil, and 
from vain thoughts and from evil imaginations. 



Choir. And with thy spirit. 
Deacon. Let us bow our heads 
unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 



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GREAT VESPERS II 

Aloud. Blessed and glorified be the majesty of thy kingdom, of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then the Stikhiry na Stikhdvne {Selected Verses) shall be sung 9 and the Song of 
St, Simeon followeth ; Lord, now lettest: (Seepage 13.) 



THE LITIYA. (12) 

But sometimes (especially on the Eve of a Great Feast) there followeth the Litiyd, 
that is % the Petitions of Fervent Devotion. 

When there is a Litiyd, the Priest and Deacon, preceded by taper bearers^ come 
together to the end of the Temple opposite the Sanctuary ', while the Choir is\ 
singing the Canticles (Stikhiry Litiyiny) of the Temple or of the Feast. 

Then the Deacon saith, aloud, the following Prayer: 

O God, save thy people, and bless thine heritage. Visit thy 
world with mercy and bounties ; exalt the horn of Orthodox 
Christians, and send down upon us thy rich mercies. Through 
the prayers of our all-undefiled Lady, the Birth-giver of God and 
ever-virgin Mary : through the might of the precious and life- 
giving Cross : through the protection of the honourable Bodiless 
Powers of heaven ; of the honourable, glorious Prophet, Fore- 
runner and Baptist, John ; of the holy, glorious and all-laudable 
Apostles ; of our Holy Fathers, great Hierarchs and (Ecumenical 
Teachers, Basil the Great, Gregory the Divine and John Chry- 
sostom ; of our Holy Father Nicholas, Archbishop of Myra in 
Lycia, the Wonderworker; of our Holy Fathers of All-Russia, 
Wonderworkers, Peter, Alexis, Jonah and Philip; of the holy, 
glorious, right-victorious Martyrs; of our reverend and God- 
bearing Fathers, the holy and righteous ancestors of God, 
Joachim and Anna ; of Saint N. {the Patron Saint of the Temple) ; 
and of all thy Saints : We beseech thee, O all-merciful Lord, give 
ear unto us sinners, who make our supplications unto thee, and 
have mercy upon us. IJs 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authori- f» 
ties (Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or President, according Jj 

wic "* " 



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13 






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a. 



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to the elements and nationalities of which the Parish is constituted). 3 

Furthermore we pray for our Holy Synod (or Patriarch) ; for ^ " 
our Bishop (or Archbishop, or Metropolitan), N. ; for the honour- 
able Presbytery, the Diaconate in Christ ; and for all our brethren 
in Christ ; and for every Christian soul that is afflicted and weary, 
in need of God's mercies and succour ; for the protection of this 
holy Temple, and for those who dwell therein ; for the peace and 
quietness of the whole world ; for the welfare of God's holy 
Churches ; for the salvation and assistance of our fathers and 
brethren who, with diligence and in the fear of God, do labour 



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12 THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 



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IS. 



and serve ; for those who are absent and abroad ; for the heal- 
ing of those who lie in sickness; for the repose, refreshment, 
blessed memory and remission of sins of all our devout fathers 
and brethren, Orthodox believers, departed this life before us, 
who here, and in all the world, lie asleep in the Lord ; for the 
deliverance of captives ; and for our brethren who are taking part 
in these ministrations ; and for all who minister and have minis- 
tered in this holy Temple, let us say : 1J> 

Furthermore we pray that he will preserve this city and this 
holy Temple, and every city and land from pestilence, famine, 
earthquake, flood, fire, the sword, the invasion of enemies, and 
from civil war ; and that our good God, who loveth mankind, will 
be graciously favourable and easy to be entreated, and will turn 
away from us all the wrath stirred up against us, and deliver us 
from all his righteous chastisement which impendeth against us, 
and have mercy upon us. I£ 

Furthermore we pray that the Lord God will hearken unto the voice 
of petition of us sinners, and show mercy upon us. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Then the Priest maketh mention, secretly, of whomsoever he will, doth of the 
living and of the dead. 

Priest, aloud. Hear us, O God our Saviour, the hope of all the ends 
of the earth, and of those who are far off upon the sea ; and show mercy, 
show mercy, O Master, upon us sinners, and be merciful unto us. 

For thou art a merciful God and lovest mankind, and unto thee we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Let us bow our heads unto the Lord. 

Then, as all bow their heads, the Priest reciteth the following Prayer, so that all 
may hear : 

O most merciful Master, Lord Jesus Christ our God, through the 
prayers of our all-undefiled Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin 
Mary {and thence as in the preceding prayer, page 1 1, ending with) : and 
of all thy Saints : Make our prayer acceptable ; grant us remission of 
our transgressions ; hide us under the shadow of thy wings ; drive far 
from us every foe and adversary; make our life peaceful, O Lord. 
Have mercy upon us and upon thy world ; and save our souls : for thou 
art gracious and lovest mankind. 

Here are sung the appointed Canticles (Stikhiry) in the proper Tone, or 
Bmdot of the Feast ; ana so singing we return to the centre of the Temple, 

Lltty*. where in special vessels the bread, wine, oil and wheat are already 

prepared. 



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GREAT VESPERS '13 

Choir. Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, 
according to thy word. For mine eyes have seen thy salva- T * 
tion, which thou hast prepared before the face of all people. To be a 
light to lighten the Gentiles, and to be the glory of thy people Israel. 

Reader. O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy 
upon us. (Thrice?) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our sins. 
O Master,, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal our 
infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. (Thrice.} 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One: 

Priest. For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then shall be sung ike Hymn (Tropdr) of the Feast* 

Hail, O Virgin Birth-giver of the Lord ! Mary full of grace, the 
Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the 
fruit of thy womb. For thou hast borne the Saviour of our souls. 

After the Deacon hath censed about the table whereon stand the bread, 

wheat ', wine and oil, (12) the Priest, taking one of the loaves, shall «<_- 

make therewith the sign of the cross over the other loaves, and shall JSJ^J 

say aloud the following Prayer, pointing with his right hand to the Onat 

loaves, wheat, wine, and oil, as he uttereth the words, Do thou, the "■■■*• 
same Lord, bless : 

O Lord Jesus Christ our God, who didst bless the five loaves and 
didst therewith feed the five thousand : Do thou, the same Lord, bless 
these loaves, wheat, wine and oil ; and multiply them in this holy 
habitation, and in all thy world ; and sanctify all the faithful who 
shall partake of them. For it is thou, O Christ our God, who dost 
bless and sanctify and nourish all things ; and unto thee we ascribe 
glory, with thy Father which hath no beginning, and thine all-holy, 
good, and life-creating Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

* For Hymns of the Twelve Great Feasts, see the Special Services. 



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14 THE ALUNIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

And immediately after the Amen : 

arwt Choir. Blessed be the Name of the Lord, henceforth and for- 

**■»■■■ ever. {Thrice.) 

Psalm xxxiv. 
Reader. I will alway give thanks unto the Lord ; his praise shall ever 
be in my mouth. My soul shall make her boast in the Lord ; the humble 
shall hear thereof, and be glad. O praise the Lord with me, and let us 
magnify his Name together. I sought the Lord, and he heard me ; 
yea, he delivered me out of all my fear. They had an eye unto him, 
and were lightened, and their faces were not ashamed. Lo, the poor 
crieth, and the Lord heareth him ; yea, and saveth him out of all his 
troubles. The angel of the Lord tarrieth round about them that fear 
him, and delivereth them. O taste, and see, how gracious the Lord is : 
blessed is the man that trusteth in him. O fear the Lord, ye that are 
his saints ; for they that fear him lack nothing. The lions do lack, 
and suffer hunger ; but they who seek the Lord shall want no manner 
of thing that is good. 

And the Priest cometh forth, and standeth before the Holy Door. And when the 
Psalm is finished, he turneth and saith to the People : 

The blessing of the Lord, through his grace and loving-kindness, be 
upon you always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

And at Eastertide / 

Butir- Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, 
***•* and upon those in the tomb bestowing life. 

And if it be the Vigil Office, and not Vespers only, the Reader immediately 
beginneth the Six Psalms of the Matins office. {Seepage 18.) 

But if it be Great Vespers alone: 

Deacon. Wisdom. 

Choir. Bless, Master. 

Priest. The Existing is blessed, even Christ our God, always, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. Establish, O Lord, the Holy Orthodox Faith, and 
Orthodox Christians, unto ages of ages. 

Priest. Save us, O most pure Birth-giver of God. 

Choir. More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare 
more glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest 
God the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Priest Glory to thee, O Christ our God, our sure hope ; glory to thee. 

Choir. Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. Lord, have mercy. Bless, 
Master. 



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MATINS IS 

And the Priest, turning from the Holy Door towards the people, pronounceth 
the Benediction : 

May Christ, our true God, through the prayers of his most-holy 
Mother ; of Saint N. {the saint of the day) ; and of all the Saints, have 
mercy upon us and save us, in that he is gracious and loveth man- 
kind. 



THE ORDER FOR MATINS* 

When the All-Night Vigil is celebrated consecutively, as is the general custom , 
on the Eve of the Lord's Day or of a Feast, all that here followeth, down to 
Glory to God in the highest {see page 18), shall be omitted. When, however, 
from necessity or for convenience. Matins are celebrated separately, the Priest 
shall begin {the Holy Door is being closed)'* 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Reader. Amen. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon us. 
( Thrice. ) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our sins. 
O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal our 
infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us, And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Reader. Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come let, us worship 
and fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, 
let us worship and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and 
our God. O come, let us worship and fall down before him. 



While the following Psalms are being read, the Priest censeth the Holy 
Altar, (1) and coming forth through the North Door y he censeth the Holy 
Images and the People. 

Psalm xx. 

The Lord hear thee in the day of trouble ; the Name of the God 
of Jacob defend thee: send thee help from the sanctuary, and 
* For an explanation of the Symbolism, see Appendix B, IL 






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i6 



THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 



strengthen thee out of Sion : remember all thy offerings, and ac- 
cept thy burnt-sacrifice : grant thee thy heart's desire, and fulfil 
all thy mind. We will rejoice in thy salvation, and triumph in the 
Name of the Lord our God : the Lord perform all thy petitions. 
Now know I that the Lord helpeth his Anointed, and will hear him 
from his holy heaven, even with the wholesome strength of his 
right hand. Some put their trust in chariots, and some in horses ; 
but we will remember the Name of the Lord our God. They are 
brought down and fallen ; but we are risen and stand upright. Save, 
Lord ; and hear us, O King of heaven, when we call upon thee. 

Psalm xxi. 

The King shall rejoice in thy strength, O Lord ; exceeding 
glad shall he be of thy salvation. Thou hast given him his heart's 
desire, and hast not denied him the request of his lips. For thou 
shalt prevent him with the blessings of goodness, and shalt set a 
crown of pure gold upon his head. He asked life of thee ; and thou 
gavest him a long life, even for ever and ever. His honour is great 
in thy salvation ; glory and great worship shalt thou lay upon him. 
For thou shalt give him everlasting felicity, and make him glad 
with the joy of thy countenance. And why? because the King 
putteth his trust in the Lord ; and in the mercy of the Most High- 
est he shall not miscarry. All thine enemies shall feel thy hand ; 
thy right hand shall find out them that hate thee. Thou shalt make 
them like a fiery oven in time of thy wrath : the Lord shall de- 
stroy them in his displeasure, and the fire shall consume them. 
Their fruit shalt thou root out of the earth, and their seed from 
among the children of men. For they intended mischief against 
thee, and imagined such a device as they are not able to perform. 
Therefore shalt thou put them to flight, and the strings of thy 
bow shalt thou make ready against the face of them. Be thou 
exalted, Lord, in thine own strength ; so will we sing, and praise 
thy power. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy 
upon us. {Thrice.) 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and 
heal our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice!) 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give 
us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we 
forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temp- 
tation : But deliver us from the Evil One : 



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MATINS 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And the following Hymns ( Tropari) : 

O Lord, save thy people, and bless thine inheritance, granting 
to the most God-fearing (Emperor, King, or President), N M victory 
over all adversaries, and by thy Cross preserving 'thine Estate. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit 

Do thou who, of thine own good will, upon the Cross wast lifted 
up, bestow thy bounties upon the new State which is called by thy 
Name, O Christ, our God ; make glad with thy might our most God- 
fearing (Emperor, King, or President), N., granting victory over 
his adversaries unto him who hath thine aid, which is a panoply of 
peace, a trophy invincible. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogorbditchen). 
O Champion dread, who cannot be put to confusion, despise not 
our petitions. O Good One, all-lauded Birth-giver of our God, stab- 
lish thou the State of those who hold the Orthodox faith: save 
the (Emperor), N., whom thou hast called to rule over us ; bestow 
upon him victory from heaven : for thou didst give birth unto God, 
O only-blessed One. 

Then shall the Priest say : 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, we 
beseech thee : hearken, and have mercy. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authori- 
ties (Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or President, according to the 
elements and nationalities of which the Parish is constituted). 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Furthermore we pray for our Holy Synod {or Patriarch) ; and for 
our Bishop {or Archbishop, or Metropolitan), N. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. ( Thrice.) 

Furthermore we pray for all our brethren, and for all Christians. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and 
unto thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to 
the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. Bless, Father, in the name of the Lord. 

Priest Glory to the Holy, Consubstantial, Life-giving and Un- 
divided Trinity, always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



17 



* 



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18 THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

VIGIL. 

When the All-Night Vigil is celebrated in its usual form, all the ^ 
shall be omitted; and after the Blessing {see page 14) the Holy Doors shall Fe 
closed, and the Reader shall immediately say : 

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward 
men. {Thrice.) 

O Lord, open thou my lips, and my mouth shall show forth thy 
praise. (Twice.) 

Bjjtar- Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, 
and upon those in the tomb bestowing life. (Thrice) 

The Reader then readeth the Six Psalms. 

Psalm hi. 

Lord, how are they increased that trouble me ! many are they that 
rise against me. Many one there be that say of my soul, There is no 
help for him in his God. But thou, O Lord, art my defender; thou 
art my worship, and the lifter up of my head. I did call upon the Lord 
with my voice, and he heard me out of his holy hill. I laid me down 
and slept, and rose up again ; for the Lord sustained me. I will not be 
afraid for ten thousands of the people, that have set themselves against 
me round about. Up, Lord, and help me, O my God ! For thou smitest 
all mine enemies upon the cheek-bone ; thou hast broken the teeth of 
the ungodly. Salvation belongeth unto the Lord ; and thy blessing is 
upon thy people. I will lay me down in peace and take my rest : for 
it is thou, Lord, only that maketh me dwell in safety. 

Psalm xxxviii. 

Put me not to rebuke, O Lord, in thine anger ; neither chasten me 
in thy heavy displeasure. For thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy 
hand presseth me sore. There is no health in my flesh, because of thy 
displeasure ; neither is there any rest in my bones, by reason of my sin. 
For my wickednesses are gone over my head, and are like a sore bur- 
den, too heavy for me to bear. My wounds stink, and are corrupt, 
through my foolishness. I am brought into so great trouble and misery, 
that I go mourning all the day long. For my loins are filled with a 
sore disease, and there is no whole part in my body. I am feeble and 
sore smitten ; I have roared for the very disquietness of my heart. 
Lord, thou knowest all my desire ; and my groaning is not hid from thee. 
My heart panteth, my strength hath failed me, and the sight of mine 
eyes is gone from me. My lovers and my neighbours did stand looking 
upon my trouble, and my kinsmen stood afar off. They also that sought 
after my life laid snares for me ; and they that went about to do me evil 
talked of wickedness, and imagined deceit all the day long. As for me, 
I was like a deaf man, and heard not ; and as one that is dumb, who 



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MATINS 19 

doth not open his mouth. I became even as a man that heareth not, 
and in whose mouth are no reproofs. For in thee, O Lord, have I put 
my trust ; thou shalt answer for me, O Lord my God. I have required 
that they, even mine enemies, should not triumph over me ; for when 
my foot slipt, they rejoiced greatly against me. And I truly am set in 
the plague, and my heaviness is ever in my sight. For I will confess 
my wickedness, and be sorry for my sin. But mine enemies live, and 
are mighty ; and they that hate me wrongfully are many in number. 
They also that reward evil for good are against me ; because I follow 
the thing that good is. Forsake me not, O Lord my God ; be not thou 
far from me. Haste thee to help me, O Lord God of my salvation. 

Psalm lxiii. 

O God, thou art my God ; early will I seek thee. My soul thirsteth 
for thee ; my flesh also longeth after thee, in a barren and dry land 
where no water is. Thus have I looked for thee in holiness, that I 
might behold thy power and glory. For thy loving-kindness is better 
than the life itself : my lips shall praise thee. As long as I live will I 
magnify thee in this manner, and lift up my hands in thy Name. My 
soul shall be satisfied, even as it were with marrow and fatness, when 
my mouth praiseth thee with joyful lips. Have I not remembered 
thee in my bed, and thought upon thee when I was waking? Because 
thou hast been my helper ; therefore under the shadow of thy wings 
will I rejoice. My soul hangeth upon thee ; thy right hand hath up- 
holden me. These also that seek the hurt of my soul, they shall go 
under the earth. Let them fall upon the edge of the sword, that they 
maybe a portion for foxes. But the King shall rejoice in God ; all they 
also that swear by him shall be commended ; for the mouth of them 
that speak lies shall be stopped. In the night watches have I trusted 
in thee: For thou hast been my helper, and under the shadow of 
thy wings will I rejoice. My soul cleaveth unto thee : and thy right 
hand shall uphold me. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. Glory to thee, O God. {Thrice, without 
reverences.} 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.} 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 



Psalm lxxxvih. 

Lord God of my 
salvation, I have cried 
day and night before 
thee : O let my prayer 
enter into thy pre- 
sence, incline thine 
ear unto my calling ; 
for my soul is full of 
trouble, and my life 
draweth nigh unto 
hell. I am counted as 
one of them that go 
down into the pit, 
and I have been even 
as a man that hath 
no strength. Free 
among the dead, like 
unto them that are 
wounded, and lie in 
the grave, who are 
out of remembrance, 
and are cut away 
from thy hand Thou 
hast laid me in the 
lowest pit, in a place 
of darkness, and in the 
deep. Thine indigna- 
tion lieth hard upon 
me, and thou hast 
vexed me with all thy 
storms. Thou hast put 
away mine acquaint- 
ance far from me, and 
made me to be ab- 
horred of them. I am 
so fast in prison that 1 
cannot get forth. My 
sight faileth for very 
trouble; Lord, I have 
called dailyupon thee, 
I have stretch edforth 
my hands unto thee. 
Dost thou show won- 
ders among the dead ? 
or shall the dead rise 



The Priest now saith, secretly, the Morning 
Prayers ; the first three in the Sanctuary. 



We give thanks unto thee, O Lord our 
God, who hast raised us up from our beds, 
and hast put into our mouths the word of 
praise, that we may adore and call upon thy 
holy Name. And we entreat thee, by thy mer- 
cies which thou hast exercised always in our 
life, send down now also thine aid upon 
those who stand before the presence of thy 
holy glory, and await the rich mercy which 
is from thee. And grant that they may always 
with fear and love worship thee, praise thee, 
hymn thee, and adore thine inexpressible 
goodness. 

For unto thee is due all honour, glory and 
worship, to the Father, and to the Son, and 
to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

li. 

From the night season our soul awaketh 
early unto thee, O our God ; for thy precepts 
are a light upon the earth. Teach us to per- 
fect righteousness and holiness in thy fear ; 
for we glorify thee, our God, who existest in 
verity. Incline thine ear and hear us; and 
call to remembrance by their names all those 
who are with us and pray with us ; and save 
them by thy might. Bless thy people and 
sanctify thine inheritance. Grant peace to 
thy world, to thy Churches, to the priests, to 
the Authorities, and to all thy people. 

For blessed and glorified is thine all-hon- 
ourable and majestic Name, of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amea 

in. 
In the night season our soul awaketh early 
unto thee, O God, for thy precepts are light. 
Teach us thy righteousness, thy command- 
ments and thy statutes, O God. Enlighten 
the eyes of our understanding, lest at any 
time we sleep unto death in sins. Dispel all 



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MATINS 



21 



up again, and praise 
thee? Shall thy loving- 
kindness be showed 
in the grave ? or thy 
faithfulness in de- 
struction ? Shall thy 
wondrous works be 
known in the dark? 
and thyrighteousness 
in the land where all 
things are forgotten ? 
Unto thee have I 
cried, O Lord ; and 
early shall my prayer 
come before thee. 
Lord, why abhorrest 
thou my soul, and 
hidest thou thy face 
from me? I am in 
misery, and like unto 
him that is at the 
point to die ; even 
from my youth up thy 
terrors have I suf- 
fered with a troubled 
mind. Thy wrathful 
displeasure goeth 
over me, and the fear 
of thee hath undone 
me. They came round 
about me daily like 
water, and compassed 
me together on every 
side. My lovers and 
friends hast thou put 
away from me, and 
hid mine acquaint- 
ance out of my sight. 
O Lord God of my 
salvation I have cried 
day and night be- 
fore thee : O let my 
prayer enter into 
thy presence, incline 
thine ear unto my 
calling. 



darkness from our hearts. Graciously give 
unto us the Sun of Righteousness, and pre- 
serve our life unassailed, by the seal of thy 
Holy Spirit. Guide our steps into the way 
of peace. Grant us to behold the dawn and 
the day with joy, that we may raise our 
morning prayers unto thee. 

For thine is the dominion, and thine are 
the majesty and the power and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

The Priest now Cometh forth, and standing with 
uncovered head before the Holy Door, he saith 
the remaining Prayers. 

IV. 

O Lord God, holy and unsearchable, who 
didst command the light to shine forth from 
the darkness ; who hast refreshed us by the 
slumber of the night, and hast raised us up 
to glorify and supplicate thy goodness, being 
implored of thine own tender loving-kindness : 
Accept us also now who bow down in adora- 
tion before thee, and render thanks unto thee 
according to the measure of our strength ; and 
grant us all our petitions which are unto sal- 
vation. Make us children of the light, and of 
the day, and heirs of thine everlasting good 
things. Call to remembrance, O Lord, in the 
multitude of thy bounties, all thy people here 
present with us who make their supplications 
unto thee, and all our brethren on land, on 
the sea, and in every place of thy dominion, 
who are in need of thy loving-kindness and 
of thy succour, and vouchsafe unto them 
all thy great mercy, that being always pre- 
served in safety of soul and body, we may 
with boldness magnify thy wondrous and 
blessed Name, of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

For thou art the God of bounties and of lov- 
ing-kindness, and unto thee we ascribe glory, 
to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 



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THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 



Psalm cm. 
Praise the Lord, 
O my soul; and all 
that is within me, 
praise his holy Name 
Praise the Lord, O 
my soul, and forget 
not all his benefits : 
who forgiveth all 
thy sin, and healeth 
all thine infirmities ; 
who saveth thy life 
from destruction, and 
crowneth thee with 
mercy and loving- 
kindness ; who satis- 
fieth thy mouth with 
good things, making 
thee young and lusty 
as an eagle. The 
Lord executeth right- 
eousness and judg- 
ment for all them that 
are oppressed with 
wrong. He showed 
his ways unto Moses, 
his works unto the 
children of Israel. The 
Lord is full of com- 
passion and mercy, 
long-suffering, and of 
great goodness. He 
will not alway be 
ch iding ; neitherkeep- 
eth he his anger for- 
ever. He hath not 
dealt wfth us after our 
sins ; nor rewarded 
us according to our 
wickednesses. For 
look how high the 
heaven is in compar- 
ison of the earth; so 
great is his mercy 
also toward them that 
fear him. Look how 



Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

v. 

O Treasury of good things, Fountain eter- 
nal, O Father all-holy who workest wonders, 
all-powerful and almighty: We all adore thee 
and entreat thee, calling thy mercies and thy 
compassion to the aid and defence of our 
lowliness. Call to remembrance thy suppli- 
ants, O Lord ; accept the morning prayers 
of us all as incense before thee ; and let none 
of us be found reprobate, but encompass us 
with thy bounties. Call to remembrance, O 
Lord, those who watch and sing praises to 
thy glory, and to the glory of thine Only-be- 
gotten Son who is our God, and of thy Holy 
Spirit. Be thou their helper and their sup- 
port. Receive thou their supplications upon 
thy most heavenly and spiritually discerning 
altar. 

For thou art our God, and unto thee we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, 
and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

VI. 

We give thanks unto thee, O Lord God of 
our salvation ; for thou doest all things which 
are for the welfare of our life, that we may 
ever look upward unto thee, our Saviour and 
the Benefactor of our souls. For thou hast 
refreshed us in that part of the night which 
is past, and hast raised us up from our beds, 
and hast led us to stand here in adoration 
of thy precious Name. Wherefore we entreat 
thee, O Lord, vouchsafe unto us grace and 
power, that we may be enabled with under- 
standing to sing praises unto thee, and to 
pray without ceasing, in fear and trembling 
working out our own salvation, through the 
succour of thy Christ. Call to remembrance, 
O Lord, those who cry aloud unto thee in 
the night season ; hearken unto them and 
have mercy, and crush under their feet in- 
visible and warring enemies. 

For thou art the King of Peace and the 



K 1 

3 



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23 



. wide also the east is 
from the west : so far 
hath he set our sins 
from us. Yea, like as 
a father pitieth his 
own children ; even 
so is the Lord mer- 
ciful unto them that 
fear him. For he 
knoweth whereof we 
are made; he remem- 
bereth that we are 
but dust. The days of 
man are but as grass ; 
for he flourisheth as 
a flower of the field. 
For as soon as the 
wind goeth over it, 
it is gone ; and the 
place thereof shall 
know it no more. But 
the merciful goodness 
of the Lord endureth 
for ever and ever 
upon them that fear 
him ; and his right- 
eousness upon chil- 
dren's children; even 
upon such as keep his 
covenant, and think 
upon his command- 
ments to do them. 
The Lord hath pre- 
pared his seat in hea- 
ven, and his kingdom 
ruleth over all. O 
praise the Lord, ye 
angels of his, ye that 
excel in strength ; ye 
that fulfil his com- 
mandment and heark- 
en unto the voice of 
his word, O praise 
the Lord, all ye his 
hosts ; ye servants of 
his that do his plea- 



Saviour of our souls, and unto thee we ascribe 
glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to 
the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

VII. 

O God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
who hast raised us up from our beds, and hast 
gathered us together at this hour of prayer : 
Grant us grace in the opening of our lips, and 
accept our thanksgivings as we have power to 
make them ; and instruct us in thy statutes. 
For we know not how to pray as we ought 
unless thou, O Lord, by thy Holy Spirit, dost 
guide us*. Wherefore we beseech thee : Par- 
don, remit, forgive whatsoever sins we may 
have committed unto this present hour, 
whether by word, or deed, or thought, whether 
voluntarily or involuntarily ; for if thou wilt 
be extreme to mark iniquity, O Lord, Lord, 
who shall stand ? For with thee is redemp- 
tion. For thou only art holy, a mighty helper 
and the defender of our life ; and our song 
shall be ever of thee. 

Blessed and glorified be the might of thy 
kingdom, of the Father, and of the Son, and 
of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 1 

VIII. 

O Lord our God, who hast banished from 
us the sluggishness of sleep, and hast as- 
sembled us together by a holy bidding, that 
in the night-season also we may lift up our 
hands, and make unto thee thankful acknow- 
ledgment of thy righteous judgments: Accept 
our prayers, petitions, confessions of thanks 
and nocturnal worship ; and grant unto us, 
O God, faith invincible,love unwavering, hope 
unfeigned. Bless our goings out and our 
comings in ; our deeds and works, and words 
and thoughts. And grant that we may come 
to the beginning of this day praising, singing 
and blessing the goodness of thine ineffable 
beneficence. 

For blessed is thine all-holy Name, and all- 






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M 



THE ALI^NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 



sure. O speak good 
of the Lord, all ye 
works of his, in all 
places of his domin- 
ion : praise thou the 
Lord, O my souL In 
all places of his do- 
minion, praise thou 
the Lord, O my soul. 

Psalm cxliii. 

Hear my prayer, O 
Lord, and consider 
my desire; hearken 
unto me for thy truth 
and righteousness* 
sake. And enter not 
into judgment with 
thyservant ; for in thy 
sight shall no man liv- 
ing be justified. For 
the enemy hath per- 
secuted my soul ; he 
hath smitten my life 
down to the ground ; 
he hath laid me in the 
darkness, as the men 
that have been long 
dead. Therefore is my 
spirit vexed within 
me, and my heart 
within me is desolate. 
Yet do I remember 
the time past : I muse 
upon all thy works ; 
yea, I exercise myself 
in the works of thy 
hands. I stretch forth 
my hands unto thee ; 
my soul gaspeth unto 
thee as a thirsty land. 
Hear me, O Lord. 
and that soon ; for my 
spirit waxeth faint : 
hide not thyface from 



magnified is the kingdom of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

IX. 

Illumine our hearts, O Sovereign Master, 
who lovest man, with the pure light of thy 
wisdom, and open the eyes of our understand- 
ing to the comprehension of the proclama- 
tion of thy Gospel. Implant in us, also, the 
fear of thy blessed commandments; that 
trampling down all carnal appetites, we may 
lead a godly life, both thinking and doing 
always such things as are well pleasing in 
thy sight. 

For thou art the sanctification and the 
illumination both of our souls and bodies, O 
Christ our God, and unto thee we ascribe 
glory, together with thy Father, who hath no 
beginning, and thine all-holy and blessed and 
life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. Amen. 

x. 

O Lord our God, who hast granted unto 
men pardon through repentance, and hast 
set us, as an example of the acknowledgment 
of sin and of the confession which is unto 
forgiveness, the repentance of the Prophet 
David : Do thou, the same Lord, have mercy 
upon us according to thy great mercy, not- 
withstanding the manifold and great iniqui- 
ties into which we have fallen ; and through 
the multitude of thy bounties, blot out our 
transgressions. For unto thee have we 
sinned, O Lord, who knowest the secret and 
hidden things of the heart of man, and who 
alone hast power to remit sins ; and as thou 
hast created a clean heart within us, and 
established us with thy guiding Spirit, and 
made known unto us the joy of salvation, cast 
thou us not away from thy presence. But 
inasmuch as thou art good and lovest man, 
graciously vouchsafe unto us that even until 
our uttermost breath, we may offer unto 
thee the sacrifice of righteousness, and an 
offering upon thy holy altars. 



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me, lest I be like unto 
them that go down 
into the pit. O let me 
hear thy loving-kind- 
ness betimes in the 
morning ; for in thee 
is my trust : show thou 
me the way that I 
should walk in ; for I 
lift up my soul unto 
thee. Deliver me, O 
Lord, from mine ene- 
mies ; for I flee unto 
thee to hide me. 
Teach me to do the 
thing that pleaseth 
thee ; for thou art my 
God : let thy loving 
Spirit lead me forth 
into the land of right- 
eousness. Quicken 
me, O Lord, for thy 
Name's sake : and for 
thy righteousness' 
sake bring my soul 
out of trouble. And 
of thy goodness slay 
mine enemies, and de- 
stroy all them that vex 
my soul; for I am thy 
servant. 

Hearken unto me 
in thy righteousness, 
O Lord, and enter not 
into judgment with 
thy servant {twice). 
Thy gracious spirit 
shall direct my paths 
upon earth. 

Glory to the Father, 
and to the Son, and 
to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 



MATINS 

Through the mercies and bounties and 
love toward mankind of thine Only-begotten 
Son, with whom thou art blessed, together 
with thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

XI. 

O God, our God, who hast brought into 
subjection to thy will all the powers endowed 
with speech and reason, we beseech thee and 
supplicate thee: Accept our praises, which 
together with all thy creatures we offer ac- 
cording to our strength ; and reward us with 
the rich gifts of thy goodness. For unto thee 
every knee doth bow, whether in heaven or 
on the earth, or in the regions under the 
earth, and every breath and created being 
doth sing thine ineffable glory. For thou 
only art the true and most merciful God. 

For all the powers of heaven maghify thee, 
and unto thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

XII. 

We praise thee, we hymn thee, we bless 
thee, we give thanks unto thee, O God of our 
fathers, that thou hast brought us in safety 
through the shades of night, and hast shown 
unto us once again the light of day. And we 
entreat of thy goodness : Be gracious unto 
our sins, and accept our prayer in thy great 
tenderness of heart For we flee unto thee, 
the merciful and almighty God. Shine in our 
hearts with the true Sun of thy Righteous- 
ness; enlighten our mind and guard all our 
senses ; that walking uprightly as in the day, 
in the way of thy statutes, we may attain unto 
life eternal (for with thee is the source of life) ; 
and graciously be permitted to come unto 
the fruition of the light unapproachable. 

For thou art our God, and unto thee we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, 
and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 



25 



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26 THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

Then the Deacon, or if there be none, the Priest, standing in the customary 
place, in front of the Holy Door, shall recite 

The Great Litany {Velikaya Ektbtiya). 

In peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir, Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from above, and for the salvation of our 
souls : Ifc 

For the peace of the whole world ; for the welfare of God's holy 
churches, and for the union of them all : $ 

For this holy Temple, and for those who with faith, devoutness, 
and in the fear of God have entered therein : Ifc 

For our Holy Synod {or Patriarch) ; for our Bishop {or Arch- 
bishop, or Metropolitan), N. ; for the honourable Presbytery, the 
Diaconate in Christ ; for all the clergy and the laity : Ifc 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authorities 
(Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or President, according to the 
elements and nationalities of which the Parish is constituted). 

That he will aid them and subdue under their feet every foe 
and adversary : I£ 

For this city, for this holy Temple, and for every city and land, 
and for those who with faith dwell therein : Ifc 

For healthful seasons ; for abundance of the fruits of the earth, 
and for peaceful times : ft 

For those who travel by sea or by land ; for the sick and the suf- 
fering ; for those who are in captivity, and for their salvation : Ifc 

That he will deliver us from all tribulation, wrath, peril and 
necessity: I£ 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace : # 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

Priest For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then immediately the Deacon exclaimeth, and the Choir singeth ; (3) 

God is the Lord, and hath revealed himself unto us. Blessed is he 
that cometh in the Name of the Lord. {Four times.) 



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MATINS 



27 



And the Deacon, meanwhile, interposeth the following Verses (Stikhi) : (4) 

Verse 1 : O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is gracious ; because 
his mercy endureth forever. 

Verse 2 : All the nations compassed me about, but in the Name of 
the Lord have I driven them back. 

Verse 3 : I shall not die but live, and declare the works of the Lord. 

Verse 4 : The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become 
the head of the corner. This is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous 
in our eyes. 

Then shall be sung the Hymn (Trof&r) of the Feast, or of the Saint, or of the 
proper Tone for the Sunday {twice); and the Hymn to the Birth-giver of 
God (Bogoroditchen) of the same Tone (Appendix A\ 

Then shall be read the Selection of Psalms appointed (Stikhosldvie Kafismi). 

And after the first portion of the Selection shall be said 



The Little Litany {M&laya Ekthtiya). 

Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace. 

Choir Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed 
and glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, 
with all the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, 
and all our life unto Christ our God. 

Choir To thee, O Lord. ' 

Exclamation. 



Priest For thine is the majesty, and thine are the kingdom and 
the power and the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir Amen. 

Then shall be read the second portion of the Selection of Psalms. And when 
it is finished, there shall be said 



Again, yet again : 
membrance: . . . 



The Little Litany. 
. Succour us, save us ; 

Exclamation. 



Calling to re- 



Priest. For thou art a good God, who lovest mankind, and unto 
thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir Amen. 



* 

§ 



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28 THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

Then the Holy Door is opened, and the Priest, accompanied by the Deacon (5) 
bearing a lighted taper, censeth the Sanctuary, the Holy Images, and the 
People, and all the Temple (Polielfy). (6) 

And the Poliel£y is sung: 

Psalms cxxxv., cxxxvi. 

1. Praise ye the Name of the Lord, O ye servants of the Lord Alle-. 
luia. {Thrice.) 

2. Praised be the Lord out of Zion, who dwelleth at Jerusalem. 
Alleluia. ( Thrice. ) 

3. O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is gracious, for his mercy 
endureth forever. Alleluia. ( Thrice. ) 

4. O give thanks unto the God of heaven ; for his mercy endureth 
forever. Alleluia. ( Thrice. ) 



s-s 



^ 



P 



And if it be a Great Feast, or other appointed Saint's Day, the proper 
OiMt Exaltation * shall be chanted, first by the Priest and the Deacon, and 

***t§. then by the Choir, before the Holy Image of the Day, as the Priest censeth 

it where it lieth on the folding-stand. 

Then shall be sung the Hymns (Tropari), with the Refrain ; but only on the 
Lord's Day. 

Refrain. Blessed art thou, O Lord : teach me thy statutes. 

The company of the Angels was amazed, when they beheld 
thee numbered among the dead, yet thyself, O Saviour, destroy- 
ing the power of death, and with thee raising up Adam and 
releasing all men from Hell IJs 

Wherefore, O Women Disciples, do ye mingle sweet-smelling 
spices with your tears of t pity? the radiant Angel within the 
sepulchre cried unto the Myrrh-bearing Women : Behold the 
grave, and understand ; for the Saviour is risen from the tomb. IJs 

Very early in the morning did the Myrrh-bearing Women run 
lamenting unto thy tomb; but an Angel came toward them, 
saying : The time for lamentation is passed ; weep not ; but 
announce unto the Apostles the Resurrection, ft 

The Myrrh-bearing Women mourned as, bearing unguents, 
they drew near thy tomb, O Saviour. But the Angel spake unto 
them, saying : Why number ye the living among the dead ? In 
that he is God he is risen from the grave, ft 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit 

Hymn to the Trinity (Trbitehny). 

We adore the Father, as also his Son, and the Holy Spirit, the Holy 
Trinity in One Essence, crying with the Seraphim : Holy, holy, holy 
art thou, O Lord. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

* For Exaltations (or Magnifyings), see the Special Services of the Great Feasts. 



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MATINS 29 

Hymn to the Sirth-giver of God (Bogorbditcheri). 

In that thou didst bear the Giver of Life, O Virgin, thou didst redeem 
Adam from sin, and didst give to Eve joy in place of sadness ; and He 
who was incarnate of thee, both God and man, hath restored to life 
those who had fallen therefrom. 

Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. Glory to thee, O God. (Thrice.) 

. Then the Little Litany. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For blessed is thy Name, and glorified is thy kingdom, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then the Degrees of the Antiphon (Stepinny Antifdni) are sung, according 
to the Tone of the week. 

Antiphon. Tone IV From my youth up many passions have warred 
against me. But do thou succour and save me, O my Saviour. 

Ye who hate Zion shall be put to confusion of the Lord ; like grass 
in the fire shall ye be withered up. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Through the Holy Spirit is every soul quickened and exalted in 
purity, and illumined by the Triune Unity in mystic holiness. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! The Gradual (Prokimen) of the . . . Tone. 

The Graduate (Prokimend) in the Eight Tones. 

Tone I. : Now will I arise, saith the Lord : I will set myself for salva- 
tion, I will make no tarrying therein. 

Verse: The words *>f the Lord are pure words. 

Tone II: Rise up for me, O Lord, in the judgment that thou hast 
commanded. And so shall the congregation of the people come about 
thee. 

Verse: O Lord my God, I have put my trust in thee : save me. 

Tone III: Tell it out among the heathen that the Lord is King, and 



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30 THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

that it is he that hath made the round world* so fast that it cannot be 
moved. 

Verse: O sing unto the Lord a new song. 

Tone IV. : Arise, O Lord, and help us, and deliver us, for thy Name's 
sake. 

Verse: O God, we have heard with our ears. 

Tone V. : Arise, O Lord my God, and let thy hand be lifted up, for 
thou reignest forever. 

Verse: I will confess unto thee, O Lord: with my whole heart, I will 
proclaim all thy wondrous works. 

Tone VI. : O Lord, stir up thy might, and come and save us. 

Verse: Hear, O thou Shepherd of Israel, who leadeth Joseph like a 
sheep. 

Tone VII : Arise, O Lord, my God, and let thy hand be lifted up : 
forget not thy poor forever. 

Verse: I will confess unto thee, O Lord: with my whole heart, I will 
proclaim all thy wondrous works. 

Tone VIIL : The Lord shall reign forever ; thy God, O Zion, from 
generation to generation. 

Verse: Praise the Lord, O my soul: while I live will I praise the 
Lord. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

The Priest cxclaitneih : 

For holy art thou, O our God, who restest in the Saints, and unto 
thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then the Deacon and the Choir sing ; 

Let everything that hath breath praise the Lord. {Four times.) 
Verse: Praise ye God in his Saints. Praise him in the firm founda- 
tion of his power. 

Then the Deacon prociaimeth : 

And that he will graciously vouchsafe unto us to hear his Holy Gos- 
pel, let us pray to the Lord God. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Deacon, Wisdom, O believers. Let us listen tfc the Holy Gospel. 
Priest. Peace be with you all. 
The People. And with thy spirit. 

Immediately he addeth : 
Priest. The Lesson from the Holy Gospel according to N.* (7) 

• See Table of the Gospel Lessons, page xix. 



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MATINS 31 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 
Deacon. Let us attend. 

Then the Priest readeth the Holy Gospel. 

Choir Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

The Choir then sineeth, while the book of the Holy Gospels is laid upon the table 
at the centre of the Temple : 

In that we have beheld the Resurrection of Christ, let us bow down 
before the holy Lord Jesus, the only sinless One. Thy Cross do we 
adore, O Christ, and thy holy Resurrection we laud and glorify : for 
thou art our God, and we know none other beside thee ; we call upon 
thy Name. O come, all ye faithful, let us adore Christ's holy Resur- 
rection, For lo, through the Cross is joy come into all the world. Ever 
blessing the Lord, let us sing his Resurrection : for in that he endured 
the Cross he hath destroyed Death by death. 

This Hymn is always sung at the Lcrd's Day Matins, with rare exceptions. It 
is sung on Lazarus" s Saturday, and on all week-days from Easter until Ascen- 
sion-Bay. (8) 

And if it be the Eve of Palm Sunday, Psalm li. is read, and the Priest palnSn- 
censeth the Palms. And when it isfinished, he blesseth the Palms. m 4*7« 

But if it be the ordinary Vigil Office : 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Through the prayers of the Apostles, O Merciful One, blot out the 
multitude of our transgressions. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Merciful One, blot 
out the multitude of our transgressions. 

Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy great goodness ; 
according to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences. 

On the Lord's Day : 

Jesus, having risen from the grave as he foretold, hath given unto 
us life eternal and great mercy. 

On Feast Days, instead of this, the Canticles {Stikhiry) of the Feast. pJig™* 

Deacon. O Lord, save thy people, and bless thine heritage. Visit 
thy world with mercies and bounties. Exalt the horn of Orthodox 
Christians, and send down upon us thy rich mercies. Through the in- 
tercessions of our all-undefilec} Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever- 
virgin Mary; through the might of the precious and life-giving Cross; 
through the protection of the honourable Bodiless Powers of Heaven ; 

* See the Service for Blessing the Palms, at end of Service for Palm Sunday (Special 
Services). 



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32 THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

of the honourable, glorious Prophet, Forerunner and Baptist, John ; of 
the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles; of our Holy Fathers, 
great Hierarchs and (Ecumenical Teachers, Basil the Great, Gregory 
the Theologian and John Chrysostom ; of our Holy Father Nicholas, 
Archbishop of Myra in Lycia, the Wonder-worker ; of our Holy Fathers 
of All-Russia, Wonder-workers, Peter, Alexis, Jonah and Philip ; of 
the holy, glorious and right-victorious Martyrs ; of our reverend and 
God-fearing Fathers, the holy and righteous Ancestors of God, Joachim 
and Anna ; of Saint N. [the holy patron of the Temple) ; and of all 
thy Saints, we beseech thee, O most merciful Lord, give ear unto the 
petitions of us sinners who make our supplications unto thee, and have 
mercy upon us. 

Choir Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 

Priest Through the mercies and bounties of thine Only-begotten 
Son, with whom thou art blessed, together with thine all-holy, and 
good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

The Priest^ the Deacon and the People now salute the Holy Gospels and the Holy 
Image of the Feast. 

Ogiet And if the bread and wine and oiljtave been blessed during Vespers, 

Fm*U. before the Matins, the Priest now anointeth the faithful with the 

oily and the bread is distributed. (9) 

The Canon of the proper Tone? or of the Feast, is then sung. (10) 

After the Third Theme-Song (frmds) the Little Litany (seepage 2g)followeth. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art our God, and unto thee we ascribe glory, to 
the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

After the Sixth Theme-Song of the Canon also the Little Litany (seepage 29) 
followethy with the Exclamation at the end; 

For thou art the King of the world, and the Saviour of our souls, and 
unto thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Before the Ninth Ode the Magnificat (or the Refrain appointed for Matins on 
certain, of the Great Feasts) is sung. 

The Deacon cometh and standeth before the Holy Image of the Birth-giver of Goa% 
and censing it, he saith ; 

The Birth-giver of God and Mother of the Light let us honour and 
extol in song. 

Choir. My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced 
in God my Saviour. 

* Set Appendix A. 



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MATINS 33 

Refrain. More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare 
more glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest 
God the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

For he hath regarded the lowliness of his handmaiden ; for behold 
from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed. 

More honourable than the Cherubim, . . . 

For he that is mighty hath magnified me, and holy is his Name; and 
his mercy is on them that fear him, throughout all generations. I£ 

He hath showed strength with his arm ; he hath scattered the proud 
in the imagination of their hearts. 1$ 

He hath put down the mighty from their seat, and hath exalted the 
humble and meek. He hath filled the empty with good things, and the 
rich hath he sent empty away. $ 

He remembering his mercy hath holpen his servant Israel, as he 
promised to our forefathers, Abraham and his seed forever. I£ 

Also the Song of Zacharias (Luke i. 68-79). 

Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he hath visited and redeemed 
his people ; and hath raised up a mighty salvation for us, in the house of 
his servant David ; as he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, 
which have been since the world began ; that we should be saved from 
our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us. To perform the 
mercy promised to our forefathers, and to remember his holy covenant ; 
to perform the oath which he sware to our forefather Abraham that he 
would give us ; that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies, 
might serve him without fear; in holiness and righteousness before him 
all the days of our life. And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of 
the Highest, for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his 
ways ! To give knowledge of salvation unto his people, for the remis- 
sion of their sins, through the tender mercy of our God, whereby the 
day-spring from on high hath visited us : to give light to them that sit 
in darkness and in the shadow of death, and to guide our feet into the 
way of peace. 

The Ninth Ode followeth, and then : 

The Little Litany. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and. 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord 



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34 THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 

Exclamation. 

Priest For all the powers of heaven praise thee, and unto thee we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

The Exapostilarion of the Lord % s Day. (i i) 

Verse I : Holy is the Lord our God. ( Thrice.) 
Verse 2 : Over all men is our God. 

Let everything which hath breath praise the Lord. Praise the Lord 
of heaven: praise Him in the height. 

Re/rain. To thee, O God, is due our song. 

Praise him all ye Angels of his : praise him all his host. 

Refrain. To thee, O God, is due our song. 

And here begin the Verses (Stikkiry) of the Tone, or of the Feast. And then : 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Bogordditchen). (On the Lord's Day 
Evening) : 

Most blessed art thou, O Virgin Birth-giver of God : For through 
him who became incarnate of thee Hell is led captive, Adam is re- 
called from the dead, the curse is made void, Eve is set free, Death is 
slain, and we have been endowed with life. Wherefore we cry aloud, 
extolling in song : Blessed art thou, O Christ our God, in whose sight 
it is thus well-pleasing. Glory to thee. 

Priest. Glory to thee, who hast shown us the light. (12) 

Choir. Glory be to God on high, and on earth peace, good will towards 
men. We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee, we 
give thanks to thee for thy great glory, O Lord God, heavenly King, 
God the Father Almighty. O Lord, the only-begotten Son Jesus Christ, 
and the Holy Spirit ; O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, 
that takest away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us. Thou that 
takest away the sins of the world, receive our prayer. Thou that sittest 
at the right hand of God the Father, have mercy upon us. For thou 
only art holy ; thou only art the Lord, thou only, O Jesus Christ, with 
the Holy Spirit, art most high in the glory of God the Father. Amen. 

Every day will I give thanks unto thee, and praise thy Name for- 
ever and ever. Vouchsafe, O Lord, to keep us this day without sin. 
Blessed art thou, O Lord God of our fathers, and praised and glorified 
be thy holy Name forever. Amen. 

Let thy merciful kindness, O Lord, be upon us, as we do put our trust 
in thee. 

Blessed art thou, O Lord : O teach me thy statutes. (Thrice.) 

Lord, thou hast been our refuge from one generation to another. 
I said : Lord, be merciful unto me ; heal my soul, for I have sinned 



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MATINS 35 

against thee. Lord, I flee unto thee. Teach me to do the thing that 
pleaseth thee ; for thou art my God. For with thee is the well of life, 
and in thy light shall we see light O continue forth thyJoving-kind- 
ness unto those who know thee. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon us. 

Then in a loud voice: 
O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon us. 
Then shall be sung the appointed Hymn of Dismissal. 
The Saturday Evening (Sunday) Hymns : 
In Tones I., ///., V, VII: 

To-day is salvatibn come into the world. Let us sing praises unto 
him who rose again from the grave, the Author of our life : For in that 
by death he hath destroyed Death, he hath given unto us the victory 
and great mercy. 

In Tones II, IV, VI, VIII : 

When thou hadst risen again from the tomb, and hadst burst the 
bonds of Hell, thou didst loose the condemnation of death, O Lord, 
redeeming all men from the snares of the enemy. When thou hadst 
revealed thyself to thine Apostles, thou didst send them forth to 
proclaim thee And through them thou hast granted thy peace unto 
the universe, O only All-merciful One. 

Then the Augmented Litany (Sug&baya Ektiniyd). 
Deacon. Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great 
mercy, we beseech thee : hearken, and have mercy. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authorities, 
(Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or President, according to the 
elements and nationalities of which the Parish is constituted). 

Again we pray for our Holy Synod {or Patriarch) ; for our Bishop 
{or Archbishop, or Metropolitan), N. ; and for all our brethren in 
Christ. 

Furthermore we pray for all their Christ-loving Army and Navy. IJ 

Furthermore we pray for the blessed and ever-memorable found- 
ers of this holy Temple ; and for all our devout fathers and brethren, 
Orthodox believers, departed this life before us, who here and in all 
the world lie asleep in the Lord. IJs 

Furthermore we pray for those who bear fruit and do good works 
in this holy and all-honourable Temple ; for those who labour in its 
service ; for the singers ; and for the people here present, who await 
in firm hope thy great and rich mercies. IJs 



P 



5* 

3. 









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36 



THE ALL-NIGHT VIGIL SERVICE 



* cr 

c o 

>-. o 

3.3. 



Exclamation. 

Priest For thou art a good and merciful God, who lovest mankind, 
and unto thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to 
the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us complete our morning prayer unto the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

A day all-perfect, holy, peaceful and sinless, let us beseech of 
the Lord : ft 

An Angel of Peace, the faithful guide and guardian of our 
souls : ft 

The pardon and remission of our sins and transgressions: ft 

All things which are profitable to our souls and bodies, and peace 
to the world : ft 

That we may pass the residue of our life in peace and peni- 
tence : ft 

A Christian ending to our life, painless, blameless, peaceful ; 
and a good defence before the dread Judgment Seat of Christ, ft 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art the God of mercies and of bounties, and of love 
toward mankind, and unto thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

People. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Let us bow our heads unto the Lord, 

Choir. Unto thee, O Lord. 

And the Priest saith this Prayer, secretly : 

O holy Lord, who dwellest on high, and regardest the humble of 
heart, and with thine all-seeing eye dost behold all creation, unto 
Thee have we bowed the neck of our soul and body, and we entreat 
thee : Stretch forth thine invisible hand from thy holy dwelling- 
place and bless us all. And if in aught we have sinned, whether 
voluntarily or involuntarily, forgive, inasmuch as thou art a good 
God, and lovest mankind; vouchsafing unto us thy earthly and 
heavenly good things. 



r 



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MATINS 37 

Exclamation, 

For thine it is to show mercy and to save us, O' our God, and unto 
thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon* Wisdom! 

Choir. Bless. 

Priest He who in verity existeth, even Christ our God, is blessed 
always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. [ 

Choir Amen. 

Establish, O Lord, most God-fearing (Emperor, King, or President), 
N., and the Holy Orthodox faith, and Orthodox Christians, unto ages 
of ages. 

Priest Save us, O most holy Birth-giver of God. 

Choir. More hpnourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare 
more glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest 
God the Word, in very truth the Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Priest Glory to thee, O Christ our God, our sure hope ; glory to 
thee. 

Choir Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Bless. 

Then the Priest bestowetk the Benediction. On Saturday Evening; 

May he who rose again from the dead, Christ our true God ; through 
the prayers of his most holy Mother, of the holy, glorious and all- 
praiseworthy Apostles, and of all the Saints, have mercy upon us and 
save us ; inasmuch as he is good and loveth mankind. 

Then the Choir singeth the Many Years : 

Preserve, O Lord, our (Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or 
President) ; our (Patriarch, or Holy Synod) ; our (Metropolitan, Arch- 
bishop, or Bishop), N. ; and all Orthodox Christians, for many years. 



The Holy Doors or curtain shall be closed, and The First Hour is then read. 



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THE FIRST HOUR* 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us worship 
and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. {Three 
reverences. ) 

Psalm v. 

Ponder my words, O Lord, consider my meditation. O hearken thou 
unto the voice of my calling, my King, and my God : for unto thee will 
I make my prayer. My voice shalt thou hear betimes, O Lord ; early 
in the morning will I direct my prayer unto thee, and will look up. 
For thou art the God that hast no pleasure in wickedness ; neither shall 
any evil dwell with thee. Such as be foolish shall not stand in thy 
sight ; for thou hatest all them that work vanity. Thou shalt destroy 
them that speak lies : the Lord will abhor both the blood-thirsty and 
deceitful man. But as for me, I will come into thine house, even upon 
the multitude of thy mercy ; and in thy fear will I worship toward thy 
holy temple. Lead me, O Lord, in thy righteousness, because of mine 
enemies ; make thy way plain before my face. For there is no faith- 
fulness in his mouth; their inward parts are very wickedness. Their 
throat is an open sepulchre ; they flatter with their tongue. Destroy 
thou them, O God ; let them perish through their own imaginations ; 
cast them out in the multitude of their ungodliness ; for they have rebelled 
against thee. And let all them that put their trust in thee rejoice : they 
shall ever be giving of thanks, because thou defendest them ; they that 
love thy Name shall be joyful in thee ; for thou, Lord, wilt give thy 
blessing unto the righteous, and with thy favourable kindness wilt thou 
defend him, as with a shield. 

Psalm xc. 
Lord, thou hast been our refuge, from one generation to another. 
Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever the earth and the 
world were made, thou art God from everlasting, and world without 
end. Thou turnest man to destruction ; again thou sayest, Come again, 
ye children of men. For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yes- 
terday ; seeing that is past as a watch in the night. As soon as thou 
scatterest them they are even as a sleep; and fade away suddenly like 
the grass. In the morning it is green, and groweth up ; but in the 
evening it is cut down, dried up, and withered. For we consume away 
in thy displeasure, and are afraid at thy wrathful indignation. Thou 
hast set our misdeeds before thee ; and our secret sins in the light of thy 
countenance. For when thou art angry all our days are gone : we bring 

* See Appendix B, III. 



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THE FIRST HOUR 39 

our years to an end, as it were a tale that is told. The days of our age 
are threescore years and ten ; and though men be so strong that they 
come to fourscore years, yet is their strength then but labour and sor- 
row ; so soon passeth it away, and we are gone. But who regardeth 
the power of thy wrath ? for even thereafter as a man feareth, so is thy 
displeasure. So teach us s to number our days, that we may apply our 
hearts unto wisdom. Turn thee again, O Lord, at the last, and be gra- 
cious unto thy servants. O satisfy us with thy mercy, and that soon : 
so shall we rejoice and be glad all the days of our life. Comfort us again 
now after the time that thou hast plagued us; and for the years 
wherein we have suffered adversity. Show thy servants thy work, and 
their children thy glory. And the glorious Majesty of the Lord our 
God be upon us : prosper thou the work of our hands upon us ; O pros- 
per thou our handy-work. 

Psalm ci. 

My song shall be of mercy and judgment ; unto thee, O Lord, will I 
sing. O let me have understanding in the way of godliness ! When 
wilt thou come unto me? I will walk in my house with a perfect heart. 
I will take no wicked thing in hand ; I hate the sins of unfaithfulness ; 
there shall no such cleave unto me. A f roward heart shall depart from 
me ; I will not know a wicked person. Whoso privily slandereth his 
neighbour, him will I destroy. Whoso hath also a proud look and high 
stomach, I will not suffer him. Mine eyes look upon such as are faith- 
ful in the land, that they may dwell with me. Whoso leadeth a godly 
life, he shall be my servant. There shall no deceitful person dwell in 
my house ; he that telleth lies shall not tarry in my sight. I shall soon 
destroy all the ungodly that are in the land ; that I may root out all 
wicked doers from the city of the Lord. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. Glory to thee, O God. {Thrice; three 
reverences.) 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Then the Hymn (Trop&r)for the Day, in the proper Tone, is read.* 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogorbditehcri). 

What shall we call thee, O thou who art full of grace ? Heaven, for 
from thee shone forth the Sun of Righteousness ; Paradise, for thou 
hast budded forth the Flower of Immortality ; Virgin, for thou hast 
remained undefiled : Pure Mother, for thou hast held in thy holy em- 
brace thy Son, who is God of all. Beseech thou him that he will save 
our souls. 

* For the Hymns in the Eight tones, see Appendix A. 



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40 



THE FIRST HOUR 



3 



But if it be during Great Fast (Lent), we say the Hymn ( Tropdr) in Tone VI, 

Then: O hearken thou betimes unto the voice of my calling, 
my King and my God. 

Verse {Stikh) i : Ponder my words, O Lord : consider my medi- 
tation. 

Verse 2 : For unto thee will I make my prayer. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And again the Hymn to the Birth-giver of God: What shall we call thee : 

Order my steps in thy word, and so shall no wickedness have do- 
minion over me. O deliver me from the wrongful dealings of men, and 
so shall I keep thy commandments. Show the light of thy countenance 
upon thy servant, and teach me thy statutes. 

Let my mouth be filled with thy praise, O Lord, that I may sing of 
thy glory and honour all the day long. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. {Thrice,) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal 
our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice,) 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Amen. 

If it be not the Great Fast (Lentl the Collect-Hymn (Kmddk) of the Tone, or 
of the Saint for the Day, or of the approaching Feast, is then read, 9 

But if it be the Great Fast, or if there be no special Collect-Hymn, on Mon- 
day, Tuesday and Thursday, the following Hymn to the Birth-giver 
of God (Bogordditchen) shall be read: 

With heart and lips let us continually magnify the glorious 
Mother of God, more holy than the Angels, confessing her to be the 
true Birth-giver of God, who did, in very truth, bring forth God 
incarnate, and who unceasingly doth intercede for our souls. 
But on Wednesday and Friday the following shall be read: 
Speedily prevent, ere he lead us into captivity, the enemy which 
* For Collect-Hymns for the Twelve Great Feasts, see the Special Services. 



5 



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THE FIRST HOUR 



4i 



3 



blasphemeth thee and constraineth us, O Christ our God : Over- 
come by thy Cross those who war against us, that they may know 
what power hath the faith of Orthodox believers ; through the inter- 
cessions of the Birth-giver -of God, O thou who alone lovest man- 
kind. 

On Saturday the following shall bf said: 

Unto thee, O Lord, the Author of Creation, the universe doth 
offer the God-bearing martyrs as the first-fruits of nature. By 
whose supplications, through the Birth-giver of God, do thou pre- 
serve in peace profound thy Church, which is thine estate, O most 
merciful One. 

Lord, have mercy. {Forty times,) 

Thou who, at all times, and at every hour, both in heaven and on 
earth, art worshipped and glorified, O Christ our God, long-suffering 
and plenteous in mercy and compassion ; who lovest the just and 
showest mercy to those who are hardened in sin ; who callest all men 
to repentance through the promise of good things to come : Do thou, 
the same Lord, receive also our supplications at this present time, and 
direct our lives according to thy commandments. Sanctify our souls ; 
purify our bodies; set aright our minds; and deliver us from all calamity, 
wrath and distress. Compass us round about with thy holy Angels ; 
that, guided and guarded by their host, we may attain unto the unity 
of the faith, and unto the comprehension of thine ineffable glory. For 
blessed art thou unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Glory to the Father, And to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more 
glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God 
the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

In the Name of the Lord bless, Father. 

Priest. God be bountiful unto us, and bless us, and show us the light 
of his countenance, and be merciful unto us. 

And if it be the Great Fast, we make three great reverences to the earthy 
reciting the prescribed 

Prayer of St. Ephraim the Syrian. 

O Lord and Master of my life, grant not unto me a spirit of 
slothfulness, of discouragement, of lust of power, of vain babbling. 
{Reverenced) 

But vouchsafe unto thy servant the spirit of continence, of meek- 
ness, of patience, and of love {Reverence.) 

Yea, O Lord and King, grant that I may perceive my own trans- 
gressions, and judge not my brother. For blessed art thou unto 
ages of ages. Amen. {Reverence. Then twelve lesser reverences^ 
saying at each : Q God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. Then the whole 
Prayer is repeated; with one great reverence in conclusion.) 



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42 THE FIRST HOUR 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy 
upon us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trihity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and 
heal our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the. glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Reader, Amen. Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 

And this Prayer : 

O Christ, the true Light, whicJh illumineth and sanctifieth every man 
who cometh into th^ world ! Let the light of thy countenance be showed 
upon us, that in it we may behold the light ineffable ; and guide our 
footsteps aright, to the keeping of thy commandments ; through the 
intercessions of thine all-pure Mother, and of all the Saints. Amen. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. ( Thrice,) Bless. 

Priest, Through the prayers of our holy Fathers, O Lord Jesus 
Christ, have mercy upon us. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogorbditchen). 

We, thy servants, in that we have been delivered from calamities, 
do offer unto thee, O Birth-giver of God, who as victorious Chieftain 
warrest for us, songs of triumph and thanksgiving : Do thou also, in 
that thou hast might invincible, free us from all assaults, that we may 
cry unto thee : Hail, O Bride unwedded ! 

Priest, Glory to thee, O Lord, our hope ; glory to thee. 

Choir. Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Bless. 

Benediction. 

Priest. May Christ, our true God, through the prayers of his all- 
pure Mother ; of the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles {and of 



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THE THIRD HOUR 43 

the Saint to whom the church is dedicated; and of the Saint for the 
day) ; of the holy ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna ; and of all the 
Saints, have mercy upon us, and save us : for he is gracious and he 
alone loveth mankind 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 



THE THIRD HOUR* 

After the Priest hath bestowed the blessing, we say : 

Amen. Glory to thee, our God ; glory to thee. 

O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of Truth, who art in all 
places and fillest all things ; Treasury of good things and Giver of life : 
Come and take up thine abode in us, and cleanse us from every stain ; 
and save our souls, O Good One. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. ( Thrice % and three reverences.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal 
our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. (Thrice) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One: 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Reader. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice!) 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us worship 
and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. ( Three 
reverences.) 

Psalm xvii. 

Hear the right, O Lord, consider my complaint, and hearken unto my 
prayer, that goeth not out of feigned lips. Let my sentence come forth 
from thy presence ; and let thine eyes look upon the thing that is equal. 

• See Appendix B, III. 



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44 THE THIRD HOUR 

Thou hast proved and visited mine heart in the night-season ; thou hast 
tried me, and shalt find no wickedness in me ; for I am utterly pur- 
posed that my mouth shall not offend. Because of men's works that 
are done against the words of thy lips, I have kept me from the ways 
of the destroyer. O hold thou up my goings in thy paths, that my foot- 
steps slip not. I have called upon thee, O God, for thou shalt hear 
me : incline thine ear to me, and hearken unto my words. Show thy 
marvellous loving-kindness, thou that art the Saviour of them which 
put their trust in thee, from such as resist thy right hand. Keep me 
as the apple of an eye ; hide me under the shadow of thy wings, from 
the ungodly, that trouble me ; mine enemies compass me round about, 
to take away my soul. They are inclosed in their own fat, and their 
mouth speaketh proud things. They lie waiting in our way on every 
side, turning their eyes down to the ground ; like as a lion that is 
greedy of his prey, and as it were a lion's whelp lurking in secret 
places. Up, Lord, disappoint him, and cast him down ; deliver my 
soul from the ungodly, which is a sword of thine ; from the men of thy 
hand, O Lord, from the men, I say, and from the evil world ; which 
have their portion in this life, whose bellies thou fillest with thy hid 
treasure. They have children at their desire, and leave the rest of 
their substance for their babes. But as for me, I will behold thy pre- 
sence in righteousness ; and when I awake up after thy likeness, I 
shall be satisfied with it. 

Psalm xxv. 

Unto thee, O Lord, will I lift up my soul ; my God, I have put my 
trust in thee : O let me not be confounded, neither let mine enemies 
triumph over me. For all they that hope in thee shall not be ashamed ; 
but such as transgress without a cause shall be put to confusion. Show 
me thy ways, O Lord, and teach me thy paths. Lead me forth in thy 
truth, and learn me : for thou art the God of my salvation ; in thee hath 
been my hope all the day long. Call to remembrance, O Lord, thy 
tender mercies, and thy loving-kindnesses, which have been ever of old. 
O remember not the sins and offences of my youth ; but according to 
thy mercy think thou upon me, O Lord, for thy goodness. Gracious 
and righteous is the Lord ; therefore will he teach sinners in the way. 
Them that are meek shall he guide in judgment ; and such as are gen- 
tle, them shall he learn his way. All the paths of the Lord are mercy 
and truth, unto such as keep his covenant, and his testimonies. For 
thy Name's sake, O Lord, be merciful unto my sin ; for it is great. 
What man is he that feareth the Lord ? him shall he teach in the way 
that he shall choose His soul shall dwell at ease, and his seed shall 
inherit the land. The secret of the Lord is among them that fear him ; 
and he will show them his covenant. Mine eyes are ever looking unto 
the Lord ; for he shall pluck my feet out of the net. Turn thee unto 
me, and have mercy upon me ; for I am desolate, and in misery. The 



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THE THIRD HOUR 45 

sorrows of my heart are enlarged : O bring thou me out of my troubles. 
Look upon my adversity and misery, and forgive me all my sin. Con- 
sider mine enemies, how many they are ; and they bear a tyrannous 
hate against me. O keep my soul, and deliver me : let me not be con- 
founded, for I have put my trust in thee. Let perfectness and right- 
eous dealing wait upon me ; for my hope hath been in thee. Deliver 
Israel, O God, out of all his troubles. 

Psalm u. 

Have mercy upon me, O God, after thy great goodness ; according 
to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences. Wash me 
throughly from my .wickedness, and cleanse me from my sin. For I 
acknowledge my faults, and my sin is ever before me. Against thee 
only have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight ; that thou mightest 
be justified in thy saying, and clear when thou art judged. Behold, I 
was shapen in wickedness, and in sin hath my mother conceived me. 
But lo, thou requires! truth in the inward parts, and shalt make me to 
understand wisdom secretly. Thou shalt purge me with hyssop, and I 
shall be clean ; thou shalt wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 
Thou shalt make me hear of joy and gladness, that the bones which 
thou hast broken may rejoice. Turn thy face from my sins, and put 
out all my misdeeds. Make me a clean heart, O.God, and renew a 
right spirit within me. Cast me not away from thy presence, and take 
not thy Holy Spirit from me. O give me the comfort of thy help again, 
and stablish me with thy free Spirit. Then shall I teach thy ways unto 
the wicked, and sinners shall be converted unto thee. Deliver me from 
blood-guiltiness, O God, thou that art the God of my health ; and my 
tongue shall sing of thy righteousness. Thou shalt open my lips, O 
Lord, and my mouth shall show thy praise. For thou desirest no sacri- 
fice, else would I give it thee ; but thou delightest not in burnt-offerings. 
The sacrifice of God is a troubled spirit : a broken and contrite heart, 
O God, shalt thou not despise. O be favourable and gracious unto 
Sion ; build thou the walls of Jerusalem. Then shalt thou be pleased 
with the sacrifice of righteousness, with the burnt-offerings and obla- 
tions ; then shall they offer young bullocks upon thine altar. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son; and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. Glory to thee, O Lord. {Thrice.) 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Then the Hymn for the Day (Tropdr) : • 
Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

* For Hymns in the Eight Tones, see Appendix A ; for the Great Feasts, see the Special 
Services. 



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46 THE THIRD HOUR 

Hymn to the Birth-Giver of God (Bogorbditchen). 
O Birth-giver of God, thou art the true Vine who didst bud forth the 
Fruit of Life : Implore thou him, we beseech thee, O Lady, together 
witji the Apostles and all the Saints, that he will have mercy on our souls. 

Butif it be the Great Fast (Lent), then this Hymn (Tropdr\in Tone VI, is said: 
O Lord, who at the Third Hour didst send down upon thine 

Apostles thy Holy Spirit : Take not the same from us, O Good One, 

but renew it in us who make our supplications unto thee 

Verse {Stikk) 1 : Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a 

right spirit within me. 

Verse 2 : Cast me not away from thy presence, and take not thy 

Holy Spirit from me. 

And to these we add; O Lord, who at the Third Hour; and the rest of the 
Hymn again, to the end, making one reverence for each. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And again the Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (BogorJditchen) : O 
Birth-giver of God, thou art the true Vine. . . . 

Praised be God, praised be God daily, even the God who helpeth us 
and poureth his benefits upon us. He is our God, even the God of our 
salvation. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . O all-holy Trinity, . . . 

Lord, have mercy. (7/irice.) 

Then (as at the beginning of the Hour) ; 

Glory . . . now, and ever. . . . Our Father, who art in heaven . . . 

Then the Collect-Hymn (Konddk) of the Day, or of the Saint.* 

But if it be a Fast, we say the following Hymns (Tropari\ in Tone VIII ; 

Blessed art thou, O Christ our God, who hast revealed fishers 
most wise, sending down upon them the Holy Spirit, and thereby 
catching the universe as in a net. O Christ our God, who lovest 
mankind, glory to thee. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Grant speedy and steadfast consolation unto thy servants, O 
Jesus, when our spirit is cast down within us. Depart not from 
our souls in affliction; be not far from our thoughts in time of 
trouble ; but always defend us. Draw near unto us, draw near unto 
us, thou who art omnipresent! As thou art ever with thine Apos- 
tles, so, also, O Bountiful One, unite thyself unto those who long 
for thee ; that with one accord we may sing praises unto thee, and 
laud thy most holy Spirit. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

* For Collect-Hymns in the Eight Tones, see Appendix A : for the Great Feasts, see the 

Special Services. 



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3 



THE THIRD HOUR 47 

The Hope and Chieftain, and Wall Impregnable of Christians art 
thou, and the Haven unvexed by storms, O pure Birth-giver of 
God ; but in that thou dost save the world by thine unceasing inter- 
cessions, call thou us also to remembrance, O Virgin, all-lauded. 

Lord, have mercy. {Forty times.) 

Thou who, at all times, and at every hour, both in heaven and on 
earth art worshipped and glorified, O Christ our God, long-suffering, 
plenteous in mercy and compassion ; who lovest the just and showest 
mercy to those who are hardened in sin ; who callest all men to sal- 
vation through the promise of good things to come : Do thou, the same 
Lord, receive also our supplications at this present time, and direct our 
lives according to thy commandments ; sanctify our souls; purify our 
bodies ; set aright our minds ; and deliver us from all calamity, wrath 
and distress. Compass us round about with thy holy Angels ; that, 
guided and guarded by their host, we may attain unto the unity of the 
faith, and unto the comprehension of thine ineffable glory. For blessed 
art thou unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and more glorious beyond com- 
pare than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God the 
Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

In the Name of the Lord bless, Father. 

Priest Through the prayers of our Holy Fathers, O Lord Jesus 
Christ, our God, have mercy upon us. 

And if it be the Great Fast (Lent), we make three great reverences ■, reciting 
the prescribed 

Prayer of St. Ephraim the Syrian. 

O Lord and Master of my life, grant not unto me a spirit of 
slothfulness, of discouragement, of lust of power, of vain babbling. 
{Reverence.) 

But vouchsafe unto thy servant the spirit of continence, of meek- 
ness, of patience, and of love. {Reverence,) 

Yea, O Lord and King, grant that I may perceive my own trans- 
gressions, and judge not my brother. For blessed art thou unto 
ages of ages. Amen. {Reverence. Then twelve lesser reverences, 
saying at each: O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. Then the whole 
Prayer is repeated; with one great reverence in conclusion^) 

And when we have finished the reverences, we say this 

Prayer of St. Mardarius. 

O Lord God, Father almighty, O Lord the Only-begotten Son, 
Jesus Christ, and O Holy Spirit, one Godhead, one Power, have 



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48 THE SIXTH HOUR 

mercy upon me, a sinner. And by the judgments which thou hast 
established, save me, thine unworthy servant. For blessed art thou 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 



3 



THE SIXTH HOUR.* 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us worship 
and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. (Three 
reverences.) 

Psalm liv. 

Save me, O God, for thy Name's sake, and avenge me in thy strength. 
Hear my prayer, O God, and hearken unto the words of my mouth. 
For strangers are risen up against me; and tyrants, which have not 
God before their eyes, seek after my soul Behold, God is my helper ; 
the Lord is with them that uphold my soul He shall reward evil unto 
mine enemies : destroy thou them in thy truth. An offering of a free 
heart will I give thee, and praise thy Name, O Lord ; because it is so 
comfortable. For he hath delivered me out of all my trouble, and 
mine eye hath seen his desire upon mine enemies. 

Psalm lv. 

Hear my prayer, O God, and hide not thyself from my petition. 
Take heed unto me, and hear me, how I mourn in my prayer, and am 
vexed. The enemy crieth so, and the ungodly cometh on so fast ; for 
they are minded to do me some mischief, so maliciously are they set 
against me. My heart is disquieted within me, and the fear of death 
is fallen upon me. Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and 
an horrible dread hath overwhelmed me. And I said, Oh that I had 
wings like a dove ! for then would I flee away, and be at rest. Lo, 
then would I get me away far off, and remain in the wilderness. I 
would make haste to escape, because of the stormy wind and tempest. 
Destroy their tongues, O Lord, and divide them, for I have spied un- 
righteousness and strife in the city. Day and night they go about 
within the walls thereof : mischief also and sorrow are in the midst of 
it. Wickedness is therein ; deceit and guile go not out of their streets. 
For it is not an open enemy that hath done me this dishonour ; for then 
I could have borne it : neither was it mine adversary that did magnify 
himself against me ; for then peradventure I would have hid myself 
from him : but it was even thou, my companion, my guide, and mine 
own familiar friend. We took sweet counsel together, and walked in 
the house of God as friends. Let death come hastily upon them, and 
let them go down quick into hell ; for wickedness is in their dwellings, 

* See Appendix B, III. 



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THE SIXTH HOUR 49 

and among them. As for me, I will call upon God, and the Lord shall 
save me. In the evening, and morning, and at noon-day will I pray, 
and that instantly ; and he shall hear my voice. It is he that hath de- 
livered my soul in peace from the battle that was against me ; for there 
were many with me. Yea, even God, that endureth forever, shall hear 
me, and bring them down ; for they will not turn, nor fear God. He 
laid his hands upon such as be at peace with him, and he brake his 
covenant. The words of his mouth were softer than butter, having 
war in his heart ; his words were smoother than oil, and yet be they 
very swords. O cast thy burden upon the Lord, and he shall nourish 
thee, and shall not suffer the righteous to fall forever. And as for 
them, thou, O God, shalt bring them into the pit of destruction. The 
blood-thirsty and deceitful men shall not live out half their days : never- 
theless, my trust shall be in thee, O Lord. 

Psalm xci. 

Whoso dwelleth under the defence of the Most High, shall abide 
under the shadow of the Almighty. I will say unto the Lord, Thou 
art my hope, and my strong hold ; my God, in him will I trust. For 
he shall deliver thee from the snare of the hunter, and from the noisome 
pestilence. He shall defend thee under his wings, and thou shalt be 
safe under his feathers ; his faithfulness and truth shall be thy shield 
and buckler. Thou shalt not be afraid for any terror by night, nor for 
the arrow that flieth by day; for the pestilence that walketh in dark- 
ness, nor for the sickness that destroyeth in the noon-day. A thousand 
shall fall beside thee, and ten thousand at thy right hand ; but it shall 
not come nigh thee Yea, with thine eyes shalt thou behold, and see 
the reward of the ungodly. For thou, Lord, art my hope ; thou hast 
set thine house of defence very high. There shall no evil happen unto 
thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. For he shall 
give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They 
shall bear thee in their hands, that thou hurt not thy foot against a 
stone. Thou shalt go upon the lion and adder : the young lion and the 
dragon shalt thou tread under thy feet. Because he hath set his love 
upon me, therefore will I deliver him ; I will set him up, because he 
hath known my Name. He shall call upon me, and I will hear him ; 
yea, I am with him in trouble ; I will deliver him, and bring him to 
honour. With long life will I satisfy him, and show him my salvation. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Alelluia, alleluia, alleluia; glory to thee> O Lord. (Thrice,) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

And the Hymn for the Day ( Trop&r). * 

* For Hymns in the Eight Tones, see Appendix A ; for the Great Feasts, see the Special 
Services. 



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So THE SIXTH HOUR 

But if it be the Great Fast (Lent), we recite the following Hymn, in Tone III. : 

O thou who, on the sixth day and Hour didst nail to the Cross 
the sin which Adam, through presumption, committed in Paradise : 
Tear asunder also the handwriting of our iniquities, O Christ our 
God, and save us. 

Verse {Stikh) i : Hear my prayer, O God, and hide not thyself 
from my petition. 

Verse 2 : As for me, I will call upon God, and the Lord shall save me. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Bogorbditchen). 

Seeing that we have no boldness, because of the multitude of our 
sins, do thou, O Virgin Birth-giver of God, fervently entreat him who 
was born of thee: for the prayer of a Mother availeth much to the 
good will of the Lord. Despise not the supplications of sinners, O all- 
pure One ; for merciful and mighty to save is he who graciously deigned 
to suffer for us. 

With thy bounties speedily prevent us, O Lord, for we have griev- 
ously sinned; help us, O God our Saviour, for the glory of thy Name. 
O Lord, deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy Name's sake. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal 
our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice,) 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

Priest. For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then the Collect-Hymn (Konddk) of the Day or of the Tone.* 

But if it be the Great Fast, we say these Hymns (Troparl), in Tone II. : 

Thou hast wrought salvation in the midst of the earth, O Christ 
our God. Thou didst stretch out thine all-pure hands upon the 
Cross ; thou hast gathered together all the nations, who cry aloud 
unto thee : Glory to thee, O Lord. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

* For Collect-Hymns in the Eight Tones, see Appendix A; for the Great Feasts, tee 
the Special Services. 



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3 



THE SIXTH HOUR 5r 

We bow down in reverence before thy holy Image, O Good One, 
entreating forgiveness for our transgressions, O Christ our God ; 
for of thine own good will thou didst graciously deign to ascend 
the Cross in the flesh, that thou mightest deliver from the works of 
the enemy those whom thou hadst fashioned. Wherefore we cry 
aloud unto thee in thanksgiving : With joy thou didst fill all things, 
O our Saviour, when thou didst come to save the world. 

And then immediately, on Monday, Tuesday and Thursday : 
Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Bogorbditchen). 

Vouchsafe unto us thy mercy, O Birth-giver of God, thou who 
art a Fount of tender compassion. Look upon the people who have 
sinned ; manifest, as always, thy power. For trusting in thee we 
cry unto thee : Hail ! as did aforetime Gabriel, Chief of the Bodi- 
less Powers. 

On Wednesday and Friday : 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Cross-Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Krestobogorbditehen). 

Exceedingly blessed art thou, O Virgin Birth-giver of God, and 
we sing thy praise : for by the Cross of thy Son was Hell over- 
thrown and Death was slain ; and we who were dead have risen 
again, and have mercifully been deemed worthy of life, and have 
received Paradise, which was our delight of old. For which cause, 
with thanksgiving we magnify Christ our God, in that he is mighty 
and in that he alone loveth mankind. 

Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 

Thou who, at all times and at every hour, both in heaven and on 
earth, art worshipped and glorified, O Christ our God, long-suffering, 
plenteous in mercy and compassion ; who lovest the just and showest 
mercy to those who are hardened in sin ; who callest all men to re- 
pentance through the promise of good things to come : Do thou, the 
same Lord, receive also our supplications at this present time, and 
direct our lives according to thy commandments. Sanctify our souls; 
purify our bodies; set aright our minds; and deliver us from all ca- 
lamity, wrath and distress. Compass us round about with thy holy 
Angels ; that, guided and guarded by their host, we may attain unto 
the unity of the faith, and unto the comprehension of thine ineffable 
glory. For blessed art thou unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Forty times.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more 



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52 THE SIXTH HOUR 

glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God 
the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

In the Name of the Lord, bless, Father. 

Priest Through the prayers of our holy Fathers, O Lord Jesus 
Christ our God, have mercy upon us. 

And if it be a Fast, we make three great reverences to the very earth and 
say the prescribed 

Prayer of St. Ephraim the Syrian. 

O Lord and Master of my life, grant not unto me a spirit of 
slothfulness, of discouragement, of lust of power, of vain babbling. 
(Reverence^ 

But vouchsafe unto thy servant the spirit of continence, of meek- 
ness, of patience, and of love. (Reverence.) 

Yea, O Lord and King, grant that I may perceive my own trans- 
gressions, and judge not my brother. For blessed art thou unto 
ages of ages. Amen. (Reverence, Then twelve lesser reverences, 
saying at each : O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. Then the whole 
Prayer is repeated; with one great reverence in conclusion.) 

Thai this Prayer of St. Basil the Great. 

O God and Lord of hosts, and Maker of all things created, who 
through the tender-hearted compassion of thine incomparable mercy 
didst send down thine Only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, for 
the redemption of our race, and by his precious Cross didst destroy the 
handwriting of our sins, and didst thereby triumph over the Origin and 
Powers of darkness : Do thou, the same Lord, who lovest mankind, ac- 
cept also these thanksgivings and fervent prayers of us sinners. And 
deliver us from every harmful and gloomy transgression, and from all 
enemies, both visible and invisible, who seek after us to destroy us. 
Nail our flesh to the fear of thee, and incline not our hearts to words 
or thoughts of guile : but wound our souls with the love of thee ; that 
looking ever unto thee, and guided by thee in the light, beholding thee, 
the Light Ineffable and Everlasting, we may ascribe unto thee cease- 
less praise and thanksgiving : unto the Father who hath no beginning, 
together with thine Only-begotten Son, and thine all-holy, and good, 
and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Generally the Divine Liturgy beginneth here. But if it be the Great Fast 
(Lents, after this is read the Ninth Hour ; and the Ninth Hour, when 
iifolloweth the Sixth Hour, beginneth thus : 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy 
upon us. ( Thrice. ) 

O all-holy Trinity, . . . 






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THE NINTH HOUR 53 



THE NINTH HOUR* 

Priest Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

And We. Amen. 

Glory to thee, O our God ; glory to thee. 

O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of Truth, who art in all 
places, and fillest all things ; Treasury of good things and Giver of life : 
Come, and take up thine abode in us, and cleanse us from every stain ; 
and save our souls, O Good One. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our sins, 
O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal our 
infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One: 

Priest. For thine is the ^kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Reader. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us wor- 
ship and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. 
{Three reverences.) 

Psalm lxxxiv. 

O how amiable are thy dwellings, thou Lord of hosts ! My soul hath 
a desire and longing to enter into the courts of the Lord ; my heart and 
my flesh rejoice in the living God. Yea, the sparrow hath found her an 
house, and the swallow a nest, where she may lay her young ; even thy 
altars, O Lord of hosts, my King and my God. Blessed are they that 

* See Appendix B, IIL 



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54 THE NINTH HOUR 

dwell in thy house ; they will be alway praising thee Blessed is the 
man whose strength is in thee ; in whose heart are thy ways. Who 
going through the vale of misery use it for a well ; and the pools are 
filled with water. They will go from strength to strength, and unto the 
God of gods appeareth every one of them in Sion. O Lord God of 
hosts, hear my prayer ; hearken, O God of Jacob. Behold, O God our 
defender, and look upon the face of thine Anointed For one day in 
thy courts is better than a thousand. I had rather be a door-keeper in 
the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of ungodliness. For 
the Lord God is a light and defence ; the Lord will give grace and 
worship; and no good thing shall he withhold from them that live a 
godly life. O Lord God of hosts, blessed is the man that .putteth his 
trust in thee. 

Psalm lxxxv. 

Lord, thou art become gracious unto thy land ; thou hast turned 
away the captivity of Jacob. Thou hast forgiven the offence of thy 
people, and covered all their sins. Thou hast taken away all thy dis- 
pleasure, and turned thyself from thy wrathful indignation. Turn us 
then, O God our Saviour, and let thine anger cease from us. Wilt thou 
be displeased at us for ever? and wilt thou stretch out thy wrath 
from one generation to another ? Wilt thou not turn again and quicken 
us, that thy people may rejoice in thee ? Show us thy mercy, O Lord, 
and grant us thy salvation. I will hearken what the Lord God will say 
concerning me ; for he shall speak peace unto his people, and to his 
saints, that they turn not again. For his salvation is nigh them that fear 
him ; that glory may dwell in our land. Mercy and truth are met 
together: righteousness and peace have kissed each other. Truth shall 
flourish out of the earth, and righteousness hath looked down from 
heaven. Yea, the Lord shall show loving-kindness ; and our land shall 
give her increase. Righteousness shall go before him ; and he shall 
direct his going in the way. 

Psalm lxxxvi. 

Bow down thine ear, O Lord, and hear me ; for I am poor, and in 
misery. Preserve thou my soul, for I am holy : my God, save thy ser- 
vant that putteth his trust in thee. Be merciful unto me, O Lord ; for 
I will call daily upon thee. Comfort the soul of thy servant ; for unto 
thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul. For thou, Lord, art good and 
gracious, and of great mercy unto all them that call upon thee. Give 
ear, Lord, unto my prayer, and ponder the voice of my humble desires. 
In the time of my trouble I will call upon thee; for thou hearest me. 
Among the gods there is none like unto thee, O Lord ; there is not 
one that can do as thou doest. All nations whom thou hast made shall 
come and worship thee, O Lord ; and shall glorify thy Name. For thou 
art great and doest wondrous things ; thou art God alone. Teach me 



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THE NINTH HOUR 55 

thy way, O Lord, and I will walk in thy truth : O knit my heart unto 
thee, that I may fear thy Name. I will thank thee, O Lord my God, 
with all my heart ; and will praise thy Name for evermore. For great 
is thy mercy toward me; and thou hast delivered my soul from the 
nethermost hell O God, the proud are risen against me : and the con- 
gregations of naughty men have sought after my soul, and have not set 
thee before their eyes. But thou, O Lord God, art full of compassion 
and mercy, long-suffering, plenteous in goodness and truth. O turn 
thee then unto me, and have mercy upon me: give thy strength unto 
thy servant, and help the son of thine handmaid. Show some token upon 
me for good ; that they who hate me may see it, and be ashamed, be- 
cause thou, Lord, hast holpen me, and comforted me. And again: 
Show some token upon me for good ; that they who hate me may see it, 
and be ashamed, because thou, Lord, hast holpen me, and comforted me. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia ; glory to thee, O God. ( Thrice.) 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit 

And we read the Hymn for the Day (Tropdr). 9 
But if it be the Great Fast {Lent), this Hymn, in Tone VIIL, is used: 

O thou who, at the Ninth Hour, for our sake didst taste of death 
in the flesh : Mortify thou the presumption of our flesh, and save us, 
O Christ our God 

Verse {Stikh) 1 : Let my complaint come before thee, O Lord : 
give me understanding, according to thy word. 

Verse 2 : Let my supplication come before thee, O Lord : deliver 
me according to thy word. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God. 

Thou who for our sake wast born of a Virgin, and didst suffer cruci- 
fixion, O Good One, and didst despoil Death through death, and as God 
didst reveal Resurrection : Despise not those whom thou hast created 
with thine own hand ; show forth thy love for mankind, O Merciful 
One ; accept the Birth-giver of God who bare thee, and who entreateth 
thee for us ; and save thy despairing people, O our Saviour. 

Forsake us not utterly, for thy holy Name's sake, and destroy not 
thy covenant ; and take not thy mercies from us, for the sake of Abra- 
ham whom thou lovedst, and for the sake of Isaac thy servant, and of 
Israel, thy Holy One. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . {as at the beginning of the Hour) 

* For Hymns in the Eight Tones, see Appendix A ; for the Great Feasts, see the Special 
Services. 



In 



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56 THE NINTH HOUR 

. . . Glory . . . now, and ever . . . O all-holy Trinity, . . . Lord, have 
mercy. {Thrice.) . . . Glory . . . now, and ever . . . Our Father, 
who art in heaven, ... 

And if it be a Feast, we say the Collect-Hymn (Kond&k) thereof.* 
But if not, this Hymn, in Tone VIII. : 

When the thief beheld the Author of life hanging upon the Cross, 
he said : If thou wert not God incarnate, who art here crucified with 
us, then had the Sun not veiled its rays, neither would the earth have 
shaken with trembling. But do thou, who sufferest for all men, remem- 
ber me, O Lord, when thou comest into thy kingdom. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

In the midst, between two thieves, was thy Cross found the balance- 
beam of righteousness ; for while the one was led down to hell by the 
burden of his blaspheming, the other was lightened of his sins, unto the 
knowledge of things divine. O Christ our God, glory to thee. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

When she who bare thee beheld upon the Cross thee, the Lamb, and 
Shepherd, and Saviour of the world, she weeping said : The world re- 
joiceth, in that it hath received redemption, but my heart kindleth with 
yearning as I look upon thy crucifixion, which thou sufferest for all men, 
O my Son and my God. 

Lord, have mercy. (Forty times.) 

Thou who, at all times and at every hour, both in heaven and on 
earth, art worshipped and glorified, O Christ our God, long-suffering, 
plenteous in mercy and compassion ; who lovest the just and showest 
mercy to those who are hardened in sin ; who callest all men to repent- 
ance through the promise of good things to come : Do thou, the same 
Lord, receive also our supplications at this present time, and direct our 
lives according £o thy commandments. Sanctify our souls ; purify our 
bodies ; set aright our minds ; and deliver us from all calamity, wrath 
and distress. Compass us round about with thy holy Angels; that, 
guided and guarded by their host, we may attain unto the unity of the 
faith, and unto the comprehension of thine ineffable glory. For blessed 
art thou unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more 
glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God 
the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Priest. God be merciful unto us, and bless us, and show us the light 
of his countenance, and be merciful unto us. 

* For Collect-Hymns in the Eight Tones, see Appendix A ; for the Great Feasts, see the 
Special Services. 



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THE NINTH HOUR $7 

7*<r*/*<rINTERHOUR. 

In the holy Great Fast (Lent), three great reverences shall be made, and the 
Prayer of St. Ephraim shall be recited once. 

But otherwise^ after the Exclamation, God be merciful unto us, there shall be 
said this 

Prayer of St. Basil the Great. 

O Master, Lord Jesus Christ our God, who art long-suffering toward 
our sins, and who hast led us even to the present hour, in the which, 
as thou didst hang upon the life-giving Tree thou didst make a way 
into Paradise for the penitent thief, and by death didst destroy 
Death : Cleanse us sinners and thine unworthy servants ; for we have 
sinned and have dealt iniquitously, and we are not worthy to lift up our 
eyes and look upon the heights of heaven, inasmuch as we have de- 
parted from the path of thy righteousness, and have walked after the 
desires of our own hearts. But we implore of thy boundless goodness : 
Spare us, O Lord, according to the multitude of thy mercies, and save 
us, for thy holy Name's sake ; for our days have passed away in vanity. 
Wrest us out of the hand of the adversary, and forgive our sins, and 
mortify in us carnal imagination ; that putting off the old man we may 
be clothed upon with the new man, and may live unto thee, our Master 
and our Benefactor ; and that so following after thy commandments, 
we may attain unto rest eternal, where is the abode of all those who 
rejoice. For thou art, in verity, the true joy and exultation of those 
who love thee, O Christ our God, and unto thee we ascribe glory, 
together with the Father, who is without beginning, and thine all-holy, 
and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

When the Ninth Hour is read separately from the Typical Psalms : 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 
Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Bless. 

Then the Benediction. 

Priest May Christ, our true God, through the prayers of his most 
holy Mother (of the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles) ; of Saint 
N. {the Saint of the day) ; of Saint N. {the Saint of the church) ; and 
of all the Saints, have mercy upon us and save us : for he is gracious 
and loveth mankind. 

But if it be the Great Fast (Lent), then the Typical Psalms immediately fol- 
low, and Psalms ciii. and cxvi* are omitted* 



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THE TYPICAL PSALMS* 

The beginning of the Typical Psalms shall be said thus . 
Bless the Lord, O my soul : blessed art thou, O Lord. 

Psalm cm. 

Bless the Lord, O my soul ; and all that is within me, bless his holy 
name. Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits : who 
forgiveth all thine iniquities, and healeth all thy diseases ; who redeem- 
eth thy life from destruction ; who crowneth thee with loving-kindness 
and tender mercies ; who satisfieth thy mouth with good things ; so 
that thy youth is renewed like the eagle's. The Lord executeth right- 
eousness and judgment for all that are oppressed. He made known his 
ways unto Moses, his acts unto the children of Israel. The Lord is 
merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy. He will 
not always chide ; neither will he keep his anger forever. He hath not 
dealt with us after our sins, nor rewarded us according to our iniquities. 
For as the heaven is high above the earth, so great is his mercy toward 
them that fear him. As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he 
removed our transgressions from us. Like as a father pitieth his chil- 
dren, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him. For he knoweth our 
frame ; he remembereth that we are dust. As for man, his days are as 
grass ; as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth. For the wind passeth 
over it, and it is gone ; and the place thereof shall know it no more. 
But the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting, upon them 
that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children ; to such 
as keep his covenant, and to those that remember his commandments 
to do them. The Lord hath prepared his throne in the heavens ; and his 
kingdom ruleth over all. Bless the Lord, ye his angels, that excel in 
strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his 
word. Bless the Lord, all ye his hosts ; ye ministers of his that do his 
pleasure. Bless the Lord all works of his, in all places of his dominion : 
bless the Lord, O my soul. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit : The 
first Choir, with heightened voices. Now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages : The second Choir. 

The First Choir. 

Bless the Lord, O my soul, and all that is within me, bless his holy 
name. Blessed art thou, O Lord. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

• See Appendix 8, III. 



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THE TYPICAL PSALMS 59 

Psalm cxlvi. 

Praise the Lord, O my soul. While I live will I praise the Lord : I 
will sing praises unto my God while I have any being. Put not your 
trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help. His 
breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day bis 
thoughts perish. Happy is he that hath the God of Jacob for his help, 
whose hope is in the Lord his God : which made heaven and earth, the 
sea, and all that therein is ; which keepeth truth forever : which exe- 
cuteth judgment for the oppressed : which giveth food to the hungry. 
The Lord looseth the prisoners : the Lord openeth the eyes of the blind : 
the Lord raiseth them that are bowed down : the Lord loveth the right- 
eous : the Lord preserveth the strangers ; he relieveth the fatherless 
and widow : but the way of the wicked he turneth upside down. The 
Lord shall reign forever, even thy God, O Zion, unto all generations. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Only-begotten Son, and Word of God ! Thou who art immortal yet 
didst deign for our salvation to become incarnate of the Holy Birth- 
giver of God and ever-virgin Mary ; and without change of essence wast 
made man ; who also wast crucified for us, O Christ our God, trampling 
down Death by death ; who art one of the Holy Trinity and art glori- 
fied with the Father and the Holy Spirit : Save us. 

In the Great Fast, after the Ninth Hour, and the Prayer^ O Master, Lord Jesus 
Christ our God (page 57), we sing, in Tone VIIL : 

The Beatitudes. 

In thy kingdom remember us, O Lord, when thou coraest into thy 
kingdom. 
Blessed are the poor in spirit : for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 

And if it be the Great Fast, to every verse is added the Refrain : Remember 
us, O Lord, when thou comest into thy kingdom. 

Blessed are they that mourn : for they shall be comforted. I£ 
Blessed are the meek : for they shall inherit the earth. I£ 
Blessed are they that do hunger and thirst after righteous- 
ness : for they shall be filled. Tfc 
Blessed are the merciful : for they shall obtain mercy. I£ 
Blessed are the pure in heart : for they shall see God. % 
Blessed are the peacemakers : for they shall be called the chil- 
dren of God. I£ 

Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake : 
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. I£ 

Blessed are ye when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and 
shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. I£ 

Rejoice, and be exceeding glad, for great is your reward in 
heaven, fy 



c 3 

Q n 
S 3 

ft -» 
*-■ c 

3 Cff 



33 

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60 THE TYPICAL PSALMS 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Remember us, O Lord, when thou coniest into thy kingdom. 

Remember us, O Master, when thou comest into thy kingdom. 

Remember us, O Holy One, when thou comest into thy kingdom. 
{And one reverence at each,) 

The heavenly choir doth hymn thee, and doth cry, Holy, holy, holy, 
Lord God of Hosts : heaven and earth are full of thy glory. 

Verse: Come unto him and be enlightened, and your faces shall not 
be ashamed. 

The heavenly choir doth hymn thee, and doth cry : Holy, holy, holy, 
Lord God of Hosts : heaven and earth are full of thy glory. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

The Choit; of holy Angels and Archangels, with all the Powers of 
heaven, sing thy praises and do cry, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of 
Hosts : heaven and earth are full of thy glory. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

I believe in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth, And of all things visible and invisible : 

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, Begot- 
ten of his Father before all worlds ; Light of Light, Very God of very 
God, Begotten, not made; Being of one Essence with the Father; 
By whom all things were made ; Who, for us men, and for our salva- 
tion, came down from heaven, And was incarnate by the Holy Ghost 
of the Virgin Mary, And was made man. And was crucified also for us 
under Pontius Pilate, and suffered and was buried. And the third day 
he rose again, according to the Scriptures. And ascended into heaven, 
And sitteth on the right hand of the Father. And he shall come again 
with glory to judge both the quick and the dead ; Whose kingdom shall 
have no end. 

And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life, Who proceedeth 
from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son together is wor- 
shipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets. In one Holy Catholic 
and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission 
of sins. I look for the Resurrection of the dead, And the Life of the 
world to come. Amen. 

Loose, remit, pardon, O God, our transgressions, voluntary and 
involuntary ; whether of word or of deed ; whether of knowledge or of 
ignorance ; whether of the day or of the night ; whether of the mind, 
or of the intention : Forgive us all, for thou art' good and lovest man- 
kind. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 



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THE TYPICAL PSALMS 61 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

If it be Saturday: 

Unto thee, O Lord, the Author of Creation, the universe doth offer 
the God-bearing Martyrs as the first-fruits of nature : By whose 
prayers, through the Birth-giver of God, do thou preserve in peace 
profound thy Church, which is thine estate, O most merciful One. 

Collect-Hymn (Konddk) of the Transfiguration. 

Thou wast transfigured on the Mount, and in so far as they were able 
to receive it, thy disciples, with wonder, beheld thy glory, O Christ our 
God And when they beheld thee crucified, they understood thy volun- 
tary Passion, and proclaimed unto the world that thou art, of a truth, 
the Radiance of the Father. 

Collect-Hymns for : 

Monday : Hymn xf the Bodiless Powers, Tone II, : 

O ye Chieftains of God, servitors of the divine glory, Guides of men 

and Captains of the Bodiless Powers : Entreat that which is profitable 

for us, and great mercy ; in that ye are the Chieftains of the Bodiless 

Powers. 

Tuesday: Hymn of the Forerunner, Tone II : 
O Prophet of God, and Forerunner of Grace, in that we have found 
thy holy head as a most sacred rose budding forth from the earth, we 
receive always thy healing. For still, as aforetime in the world, thou 
dost preach repentance. 

Wednesday and Friday : Tone III : 

Do thou who, of thine own good will, upon the cross wast lifted up, 
bestow thy bounties upon the new State which is called by thy Name, 
O Christ our God ; make glad with thy might our most God-fearing 
(Emperor, King, <?r President), N., granting victory over his adversaries 
unto him who hath thine aid, which is a panoply of peace, a trophy 
invincible. 

Thursday : the Holy Apostles, Tone II : 

Thou hast received thy steadfast Preachers, God-inspired in speech, 
the Crown of thy Disciples, O Lord, into the delights and the repose 
of thy blessed ones ; for thou hast accepted their labours and their 
death as greater than any whole burnt-offerings, O thou who alone 
knowest the secrets of the heart. 

The same day : the Collect-Hymn {Konddk) of St, Nicholas, Tone III, : 

In Myra, O Saint, wast thou shown forth a sacrificing priest ; for ful- 
filling the Gospel of Christ, O Holy One, thou didst lay down thy life 



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62 THE TYPICAL PSALMS 

for thy people, and didst save the innocent from death. For which cause 
thou wert proclaimed a Saint, as one deeply initiated into the mys- 
teries of the goodness of God. 

Then, on every day : 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 
To the souls of thy servants, O Lord, give rest with thy Saints, where 
there is neither sickness nor sighing, but life everlasting. 

Then immediately, on every day except Saturday, is said: 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Protection of Christians that maketh not ashamed, O Mediatrix 
never-failing with the Creator : Despise not the sinners' voice of sup- 
plication ; but in that thou art good, come speedily to the aid of us who 
faithfully call upon thee ; make haste to our petition and further our 
prayer, O Birth-giver of God, who ever protectest them that do thee 
honour. 

And if it be the Great Fast : 

Lord, have mercy. {Eight times.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages'. Amen. 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more 
glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God 
the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

In the Name of the Lord, bless, Father. 

Priest God be merciful to us, and bless us, and show us the light 
of his countenance, and be merciful unto us. 

Then the Prayer op St. Ephraim the Syrian. 

O Lord and Master of my life, grant not unto me a spirit of slothful- 
ness, of discouragement, of lust of power, of vain babbling. {A great 
reverence to the earth.) 

But vouchsafe unto thy servant the spirit of continence, of meekness, 
of patience, and of love. {Reverence.) 

Yea, O Lord and King, grant that I may perceive my own trans- 
gressions, and judge not my brother. For blessed art thou unto ages 
of ages. Amen. {Reverence. Tfun twelve lesser reverences, saying at 
each reverence; O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. Then the whole 
Prayer is repeated, with one great reverence in conclusion.) 

Lord, have mercy. ( Twelve times*) 

And the Prayer : 

O all-holy Trinity, Might one in Essence, Kingdom undivided, Origin 
of all good things, be graciously inclined also unto me, a sinner. Es- 
tablish thou me ; give understanding unto my heart, and purge away all 
my vileness. Enlighten my mind, that I may glorify, sing praises, and 



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THE TYPICAL PSALMS 63 

adore thee, and say : Thou only art holy, thou only art the Lord, O 
Jesus Christ, in the glory of the Father. Amen. 

Meet is it in very truth to bless thee, O Birth-giver of God, ever- 
blessed and all-undefiled One, and the Mother of our God. 

Priest Wisdom ! 

O most holy Birth-giver of God, save us. 

Cfroir. More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare 
more glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without corruption barest 
God the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Priest. Glory to thee, O Christ God our hope ; glory to thee. 

Choir. Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. (Thrice.) Bless. 

Then the Benediction. 

Priest. May Christ, our true God, through the prayers of his most 
holy Mother, and of all the Saints, have mercy upon us and save us ; for 
he is gracious and loveth mankind. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 
PREFATORY NOTE AND DIRECTIONS 

The word Liturgy, which in the Greek means " A public work " or " Min- 
istry," is particularly applied (heightened by the adjective "Divine") to the 
chief service of the day, in which the Holy Eucharist, or Service of Thanks- 
giving, is celebrated. 

Three Liturgies are used in the Holy Orthodox Catholic Apostolic Church 
of the East : 

That of St. John Chrysostom ; that of St. Basil the Great ; and that of the 
Presanctified Gifts. 

The Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and that of St. Basil the Great 
are divided into three parts. In the first part, the clergy prepare the bread and 
wine, and it is called The Office of Oblation, The second part consists of 
prayers, reading and singing, with which the faithful prepare themselves for 
the Holy Sacrament, and at which alone Catechumens (or learners) were 
allowed, in former times, to be present : it is called The Liturgy of the Cate- 
chumens. The third part, called The Liturgy of the Faithful, is the celebration 
of the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist ; and in the early Church only the 
Faithful — that is to say, members of the Christian Church — were permitted 
to be present at it. 

The Liturgy of St. Basil the Great differs from that of St. John Chrysostom 
only in certain of the Secret Prayers, one Hymn, and three phrases in the 
Consecration of the Holy Gifts (as duly indicated at the proper places), the 
Liturgy of St John Chrysostom being a later and abbreviated form of St 
Basil's Liturgy, as the latter, in turn, was a later and abbreviated form of a 
still earlier Liturgy, 

It is appointed to be used on the Sundays of the Great Fast (Lent), except 
on Palm Sunday ; on Holy Thursday and Holy Saturday ; and on Christmas 
Day and the Epiphany, when those feasts fall upon Sunday or Monday ; other- 
wise, on the days preceding those feasts. Also, on St. Basil's Day, January i; 
in all, ten times in the course of the year. 

The Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts, so called because the Holy Gifts 
which have previously been consecrated are used for the Holy Communion, 
has existed from ancient times, although, in its present form, it is ascribed to 
St. Gregory Homiliastes of Rome (sixth century). The Orthodox Church de- 
crees that this Liturgy shall be celebrated during the Great Fast (but at no 
other time), since the triumphantly joyous feelings associated with the com- 
plete Liturgy and the consecration of the Holy Gifts are incompatible with 
the strictness of the Fast. Hence it is ordained that the complete Liturgy 
shall be celebrated only on Saturdays and Sundays during the weeks of the 
Great Fast (Lent). The customary days for the celebration of the Liturgy 
of the Presanctified Gifts are Wednesday and Friday of every week, and on 
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of Passion Week. 

The Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts consists of Vespers (and therefore is 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 65 

appointed for a late hour in the day), and of a portion of the ordinary Liturgy, 
omitting the most essential part of the latter, namely, the consecration of the 
Gifts. The Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts is usually preceded by the read- 
ing of the Third, Sixth and Ninth Hours, and of the Typical Psalms. Under 
certain circumstances an earlier celebration is admissible. 

The usual hour for celebrating the ordinary Liturgy is, not earlier than 
dawn, and not later than noon. 

For the celebration of the Mystery of the Eucharist the following are indis- 
pensable : A Priest or a Bishop regularly ordained, and having a steadfast 
will and intention to fulfil the Mystery of the Lord's Body and Blood. Of 
material things : dve Altar-breads, made of pure wheaten flour, and leavened ; 
wine of the grape. The accomplishment of the Mystery through prayer and 
words, with the blessing of the Priest's hand : " And make this bread the 
precious Body of thy Christ, and also that which is in this cup the precious 
Blood of thy Christ, transmuting them by thy Holy Spirit" 

In addition to the above, the following things are indispensable for the 
Liturgy : A Corporal (Antimins)* consecrated by a Bishop ; vestments for 
the Priest, consisting of a cassock (stikhdr), a stole (tpitrakhil), gauntlets 
(pbruteki)t girdle (p&yas), and chasuble (Jelbn) ; vessels, — a chalice, a paten, 
a star-cover, a spear, a spoon ; veils, a censer, a service book ; lights burning 
on the altar ; and an acolyte. 

Only one Liturgy maybe celebrated on any Altar in the course of one day ; 
and no Bishop or Priest may celebrate more than one Liturgy in the course 
of one and the same day. 

The Priest who enters upon the celebration of the Liturgy must be free 
from inhibition, and from mortal sin, and must prepare himself, — spiritually, 
by reconciling himself with all men, by penitence, and the appointed devo- 
tions ; bodily, by abstinence from food and drink (from midnight at the least), 
and from fleshly desires, and* by cleanliness of body and garments. 

The appointed devotions consist of the celebration or the hearing of the 
Evening and Morning Services and Prayers ; and there must also be read : - 
On Monday : The Canon to the Lord Jesus, the Invocation to the Birth-giver 
of God, the Canon to the Archangels ; and, if he so desire, to his Guardian 
Angel. On Tuesday : The Canon to the Lord Jesus, the Invocation to the 
Birth-giver of God, to John the Forerunner, and to his Guardian Angel. On 
Wednesday : The Canon to the Lord Jesus, the Canon to the Birth-giver of 
God, and to his Guardian Angel. On Thursday : The Canon to the Lord 
Jesus, the Invocation to the Birth-giver of God, to his Guardian Angel, to 
the Holy Apostles ; and, if he so desire, to St. Nicholas. On Friday, the 
Canon to the Life-giving Cross, the Invocation to the Birth-giver of God, 
and to his Guardian Angel, On Saturday : The Canon to the Lord Jesus, 
the Chant of Prayer and Praise (Akdfist) to the Birth-giver of God, to his 
Guardian Angel, and to all the Saints, On Sunday : The Canon to the Lord 
Jesus, the Invocation to the Birth-giver of God, and to his Guardian Angel. 

In addition to these, on every occasion, the Canon of the Communion, and 
the Prayers before the Communion. (See Index,) 

* For explanation, see introductory chapter on The Syrfibolism of the Church, page xxiv. 



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66 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

The Curtain and the Holy Door. At Divitu Service the curtain is drawn 
aside before the beginning of the Liturgy, when the benediction is given at the end of 
the Oblation. The Holy Door is opened before the Lesser Entrance, and closed 
before the Litany of the Catechumens. It is opened again before the Cherubimic 
Hymn, and closed after the Great Entrance, at which time the curtain also is drawn. 
The curtain is drawn aside at the words : The Doors 1 The Doors \ ... It is 
drawn again at the Exclamatioti : Holy Things to the Holy. The curtain is 
drawn aside and the Holy Door is opened before : In the fear of God . . . ; and 
is finally closed after the Dismissal. 

At a Pontifical Service : The Holy Door is opened at the beginning of the 
service, and so remains until the Exclamation: Let us attend! Holy Things 
to the Holy. After that it is opened and closed as usual. 

The Bishop's Pall and Mitre. At a Pontifical Service, the pall (pmbfbr) 
is removed before the Epistle ; is put on while the particles are being taken from the 
sacred breads before the Great Entrance, and is immediately laid aside again. 
After the prayer : With them also . . . {and the Hymn: Holy, holy, holy . . .), 
it is put on ; and it is removed when the Holy Spirit is invoked. At the Excla- 
mation : Let us attend ! Holy things to the holy : it is put on, and is then 
worn until the Dismissal. In addition to the above, the Bishop puts on his 
pall when he ordains a Deacon or a Priest. 

The Mitre is removed while the particles are being taken from the holy 

breads, and at the Commemoration of Persons at the Great Entrance ; while : Let 

us love one another . . . : is being said, and while the Creed is being chanted; 

also, from: Take, eat ... ; and until: More especially for the Most Holy . . . 

- (and during the reception of the Holy Communion by the Bishop). 



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THE LITURGY OF ST. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM 



AND 



THE LITURGY OF ST. BASIL THE GREAT (i)» 



I. THE OFFICE OF OBLATION 

When the time is come to celebrate the Divine Liturgy, the Priest entereth the 
Temple, and, in company with the Deacon, maketh three lowly reverences 
before the Holy Door. 

Then the Deacon saith : 

Bless, Master. 

Priest Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. Amen. 

Deacon. O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of Truth, who 
art in all places and fillest all things ; Treasury of good things and 
Giver of life : Come, and take up thine abode in us, and cleanse us 
from every stain ; and save our souls, O Good One. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy 
upon us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions: O Holy One, visit and 
heal our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy 
kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As 
we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into 
temptation ; But deliver us from the Evil One : 

Priest. For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And then shall they say : 

Have mercy upon us, O God, have mercy upon us. For in that 
we sinners are devoid of all defence, we offer unto thee, as to our 
Master, this supplication : Have mercy upon us. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Have mercy upon us, O Lord, for in thee have we trusted, and 
be not very wroth with us, neither call thou to remembrance our 

* See Appendix B, IV. 



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68 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

iniquities ; but look down even now upon us, inasmuch as thou art 
of tender compassion, and deliver us from our enemies : for thou 
art our God, and we are thy people, we are all the work of thy 
hand, and we call upon thy Name. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogordditchen). 
Open unto us the door of thy loving-kindness, O blessed Birth- 
give^ of God. In that we set our hope on thee may we not fail, but 
through thee may we be delivered from all adversities ; for thou art 
the salvation of all Christian people. 

Then shall they approach the holy picture (ikona) of Christ, and shall kiss 
it, saying: 

We do homage to thy pure image, O Good One, entreating for- 
giveness of our transgressions, O Christ our God ; for of thine own 
good will thou wast graciously pleased to ascend the Cross in the 
flesh, that thou mightest deliver from bondage to the enemy those 
whom thou hadst fashioned; for which cause we cry aloud unto 
thee with thanksgiving : With joy hast thou filled all things, O our 
Saviour, in that thou didst come to save the world. 

In like manner they shall kiss also the holy picture of the Birth-giver of God, 
reciting the while this Hymn, secretly : 

Birth-giver of God, in that thou art a well-spring of loving-kind- 
ness, vouchsafe unto us thy compassion. Look upon the people 
who have sinned. Manifest thy power as ever ; for trusting in thee 
we cry aloud unto thee : Hail ! as aforetime did Gabriel, Chief Cap- 
tain of the Bodiless Powers. 

Then, with bowed heads, they say the following Prayer: 

Stretch forth thy hand, O Lord, from thy holy dwelling-place 
on high, and strengthen me for this, thine appointed service ; that 
standing uncondemned before thy dread Altar, I may fulfil the 
sacred, unbloody rite. For thine is the power, unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

Then they make one reverence to the People, (2) and enter the Sanctuary 
saying, secredy:. 

1 will enter into thy house, I will worship toward thy holy 'Tem- 
ple in thy fear. Guide me, O Lord, with thy righteousness ; make 
straight my path before thee, because of mine enemies. For there 
is no truth in their mouth ; their heart is vanity ; their throat is 
an open sepulchre ; with their tongues have they dealt deceitfully. 
Judge them, O God. Let them fall through their own counsels : 
according to the multitude of their iniquities cast thou them out, 
for they have provoked thee exceedingly, O Lord. And let all those 
who trust in thee be joyful ; and so shall they rejoice evermore ; 
and thou shalt dwell in them forever. And those who love thy 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 

Name shall make their boast of thee. For thou, O Lord, wilt bless 
the upright man. As with the panoply of thine approval hast thou 
crowned us. 

When they enter the Sanctuary, they make three lowly reverences of adora- 
tion before the Holy Altar, and kiss the book of the Holy Gospels, and the 
Holy Altar, saying; 

O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. 

Then the Deacon approacheth the Priest, holding in his right hand his dal- 
matic* (stikkdry, his stole (ordr), and his gauntlets (porutcht); and bow- 
ing his head before the Priest, he saith ; (3) 

Bless, Master, the dalmatic and the stole. 

Priest Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. Amen. 

The Deacon then retireth, kisseth the cross on his dalmatic, and putteth it 
on, praying thus ; 

My soul shall exult in the Lord. For he hath endued me with the 
robe of salvation, and with the garment of joy hath he clothed me. 
He hath set a crown upon my head, like unto a bridegroom, and as 
a bride hath he adorned me with comeliness. 

Then, having kissed his stole, he layeth it on his right shoulder. And when 
he putteth the gauntlets on his wrists, he saith, as he putteth that on the 
right: 

Thy right hand, O Lord, is glorified in strength. Thy right hand, 
O Lord, hath shattered the enemy, and through the multitude of 
thy glory hast thou crushed the adversaries. 

And with the left he saith : 

Thy hands have made me and fashioned me. Enlighten my mind, 
and I shall learn thy commandments. 

(The clergy usually kiss each vestment before putting it on.) 

Then, going to the Table of Oblation, he prepareth the Holy Things. The holy 
Paten he setteth on the left side ; the holy chalice, which is the holy cup, 
on the right ; and with them the other holy utensils* 

And the Priest vesteth himself in this wise : Taking his dalmatic (podrix- 
nik) in his left hand, ana* making three lowly reverences toward the east, 
as aforesaid, he signeth it with Vie sign of the cross, saying: 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

Then he putteth it on, saying: 

My soul shall exult in the Lord : . . . a s the Deacon hath said. 

Then taking his priestly stole (epitrakhU\ and signing it with the sign of 
the cross, he putteth it on, saying: 

Blessed is God, who poureth out upon his priests his grace, like 

* For explanation, see introductory chapter on The Symbolism of the Church, p. xxiv. 



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;o THE DIVINE LITURGY 

unto the precious ointment on the head, which ran down upon the 
beard, even upon the beard of Aaron ; which ran down to the skirts 
of his garment. 

Then, taking the girdle, and girding himself r , he saith : 

Blessed is God, who girdeth me with strength, and hath made 
my path blameless, and hath given me feet like unto those of a 
hart, and hath set me on high. 

Then he putteth on the gauntlets, as already described for the Deacon. And 
taking his epigondtion, if he hath that dignity, he blesseth it, saying; 

Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O Mighty One, in thy vigour, 
and in thy beauty : and go forth, and prosper, and reign, because 
of truth, and meekness, and righteousness ; and thy right hand shall 
guide thee wondrously always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

Then, taking his chasuble (felon), he blesseth it, and, kissing it, he putteth it 
on, saying: 

Thy priests, O Lord, shall clothe themselves with righteousness, 
and thy Holy Ones shall rejoice with exultation always, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then they shall wash their hands, saying: 

I will wash my hands among the innocent, and so will I compass 
thine Altar, O Lord ; that I may hear the voice of thy praise, and 
tell of all thy wondrous works. Lord, I have loved the beauty of thy 
house, and the place where thy glory dwelleth. Destroy not my 
soul with the ungodly, nor my life with the men of blood, in whose 
hands is iniquity, and their right hand is full of gifts. But I have 
walked in mine innocency : Deliver me, O Lord, and have mercy 
upon me. My foot hath been set on righteousness. In the churches 
will I bless thee, O Lord. 

And thus they go forth to the Chapel of Oblation, making three lowly rever- 
ences before the Table of Oblation. And each saith within himself: 

O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner, and have mercy upon me. . 

And: By thy precious Blood hast thou redeemed us from the 
curse of the Law : in that thou wast nailed to the Cross, and wast 
pierced with a spear, thou hast poured forth immortality upon man- 
kind, as from a fountain, O our Saviour. Glory to thee 

If it be not a Pontifical Service, the Hours are now read, while the Holy Gifts 
are prepared for the Holy Sacrament. 

But if it be a Pontifical Service, then the Hours are read later, as indicated. 

Deacon. Bless, Master {aloud, if it be not a Pontifical Service), 
Priest Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 
Deacon, Amen. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 71 

Then the Priest taketh in his left hand one of the altar-breads, and in his 
right hand the holy spear y and making therewith the sign of the cross, 
thrice, above the seal of the bread, he satth : 

In remembrance of our Lord, and God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ 
{Thrice.) 

And immediately he thrusteth the spear into the right side of the seal and 
as he cutieth it, he saith : 

He was led as a sheep to the slaughter. 

And as he cutieth the left side : 

And as a spotless lamb before his shearers is dumb, so opened he 
not his mouth. 

And at the top of the seal; 

In his humiliation his judgment was taken away. 

And at the bottom ; 

For his generation, who shall declare it ? 

And the Deacon, gazing reverently at the Holy Mystic Rite, as each incision 
is made saith, holding his stole in his hand the while ; 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

And when the Priest, having thrust the spear, obliquely, from below, into 
the right side of the bread, taketh away the whole part with the seal, thus 
cut, the Deacon saith ; 

Master, take away. 

After that, he saith ; 

For his life is taken away from the earth. 

And having laid it, inverted, on the holy paten, and the Deacon having said : 

Sacrifice, Master. 

He sacrificeth, cutting it crosswise, and saying; 

Sacrificed is the Lamb of God who taketh away the sins of the 
world, for the life of the world, and for its salvation. 

He then turneth upward the other side, which hath upon it the emblem of 
the Cross. And as he pierceth the right side with the spear, the Deacon 
saith ; 

Pierce, Master. 

And the Priest; One of the soldiers did pierce his side with a 
spear, and straightway there came forth blood and water. And he 
that saw.it bare witness, and his witness is true. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 




Then the Deacon poureth into the holy chalice the mingled wine and watery 
in amount according to the number of communicants, having first said to 
the Priest: 

Bless, Master, the holy union. 

And the Priest blesseih it, saying: 

Blessed be the union of thy Holy Things always, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then, taking in his hand another altar-bread, the Priest shall say : 

In honour and commemoration of our most blessed Lady, the 
Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary ; through whose inter- 
cessions accept, O Lord, this sacrifice upon thy most heavenly 
Altan 

And with the spear taking out a portion, he layeth it on the right side of the 
Holy Bread, near the centre thereof saying : 

On thy right hand stood the Queen, clothed in a vesture wrought 
with gold and divers colours. 

Then taking the third altar-bread, he saith : 

In commemoration of the most honourable and glorious prophet, 
Forerunner and Baptist, John. 

And taking out the first particle, he placeth it on the left hand of the Holy 
Bread, making the beginning of the first row. Then he saith : 

Of the holy, glorious Prophets, Moses and Aaron; Elijah and 
Elisha; David and Jesse; of the Three Holy Children, also of 
Daniel the Prophet ; and of all the holy prophets. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 

And taking out another particle, he place th it below the first, in due order. 
Then he saith : 

Of the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles, Peter and Paul ; 
and of all the other holy Apostles. 

In the same manner, he placeth a third particle below the second, thus con> 
pleting the first rank. And he saith ; 

Of our holy Fathers and Saints, the Prelates Basil the Great, 
Gregory the Theologian and John Chrysostom ; Athanasius and 
Cyril, Nicholas of Myra in Lycia ; Peter, Alexis, Jonah and Philip 
of Moscow ; Nikfta, Bishop of Novgorod, Leonty, Bishop of Ros- 
t6ff ; and of all thy holy Prelates. 

And taking out a fourth particle, he placeth it beside the first particle, mak- 
ing a second beginning. And he saith : 

Of the holy Apostle and First Martyr and Archdeacon, Stephen ; 
of the holy Great Martyrs Demetrius, George, Theodore of Tyre, 
Theodore the Strategist ; and of all holy Martyrs, both men and 
women ; of Thekla, Barbara, Euphemia, Kyriaka, Paraskeva, Kather- 
ine ; and of all other holy martyred women. 

And taking out a fifth particle, he placeth it below the first, which is in the 
second row. Ana he saith ; 

Of our devout and God-bearing Fathers, Anthony, Euthymius, 
Sabba, Onuphrius, Athanasius of Mount Athos, Anthony and Theo- 
dosius of the Catacombs, Sergius of Rad6nezh, Barlaam of Khutinsk ; 
and of all our devout fathers ; and of our devout mothers in God, 
Pelagia, Theodosia, Anastasia, Eupraxia, Fevronia, Theodulia, Eu- 
phrosyne, Mary of Egypt ; and of all our holy and devout mothers. 

And in like manner, taking out a sixth particle, he placeth it below the 
second, completing the second row. After which he saith ; 

Of the holy and wonder-working Unmercenaries Cosmas and 
Daraian, Qrus and John, Panteleimon, Hermolaus ; and of all the 
Holy Unmercenaries. 

And taking out a seventh particle, he placeth it above, making the beginning 
of the third row* Then he saith ; 

Of the holy and righteous Ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna. 
And of Saint N. {the Saint of the day); and of Saint Methodius 
and Saint Cyril, the Equals of the Apostles; and of all the Saints; 
through whose supplications do thou visit us, O Lord. 

Then, he layeth the eighth particle below the former, in due order. And there- 
after he saith : 

Of our Father in the Saints, John Chrysostom, Bishop of Con- 
stantinople {if his Liturgy is to be celebrated. But if the Liturgy of 



73 



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74 



THE DIVINE LITURGY 



St, Basil the Great is to be celebrated, then shall he be commemorated 
instead). 

Then taking out the ninth particle, he place th it at the end of the third row, 
completing it* And taking the fourth altar-bread, he saith : 

Remember, O Lord, Lover of mankind, every Bishopric over Or- 
thodox Christians; the Most Holy Governing Synod, and Orthodox 
Patriarchs; and our Bishop, N. ; the honourable Priesthood, the 
Diaconate in Christ, and every Sacerdotal Order ; our brethren and 
fellow-ministers, the priests, the deacons, and all our brethren whom 
thou hast called into thy communion, through thy tenderness of 
heart, O all-good Lord. 

And taking out a portion, he layeth it below the Holy Bread, Then he com- 
memorateth the Emperor, saying ; 

Call to remembrance, O Lord, our most God-fearing Sover- 
eign, N., the Emperor of All the Russias ; and all the Reigning 
House, (4) 

Then he maketh mention, by name, of the living who are to be prayed for, if 
any such there be; and at each name he taketh out a particle, saying; 

Call to remembrance, O Lord, N. 

Having thus taken out the particles, the Priest placeth them below the Holy 
Bread Then taking the fifth altar-bread, he saith : 

In memory, and for the remission of sins, of the most holy patri- 
archs; of the Orthodox and God-fearing Tzars and God-fearing 
Tzarftzas ; and of the blessed founders of this holy Temple. 

Then shall he make mention of the Bishop who ordained him ; and of what- 
soever persons he may desire, who have departed this life, by name. And 
at each name, he shall take out a particle, saying : 

Call to remembrance, O Lord, N. 

And, in conclusion, he shall say asfolloweth ; 

And of all our Orthodox fathers and brethren who havfe fallen 
asleep in the hope of resurrection, of life eternal, and of communion 
with thee, O Lord, who lovest mankind. 

And he taketh out a particle. Thereafter he saith : 

Call to remembrance, Lord, my unworthy self, and pardon me 
every transgression, whether voluntary or involuntary. 

And he taketh out of the fourth prosford a particle. Then, taking the sponge, 
he gathereth together the particles taken from the fourth and fifth prosfiri 
on the paten, below the Holy Bread, so that they may be in safety, and 
that none of them may fall. Then the Deacon taketh the censer, and 
having placed incense therein, he saith to the Priest : 

Bless, Master, the censer. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY n 

And straightway he saith : 
Let us pray to the Lord. 

Then the Priest saith the Prayer of the Cexsbr. 

Unto thee, O Christ our God, do we offer incense for an odour of 
spiritual fragranpe ; which do thou accept upon thy most heavenly 
Altar, and pour forth upon us in return the grace of thine all-holy 
Spirit. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Then the Priest, having censed the star<over, placeth it over the Holy 
Bread, saying : 

And the Star came and stood over the place where the young 
Child was. 
Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord 

7%e Priest, having censed the first veil, covereth therewith the Holy Bread, 
saying: 

The Lord is King, and hath put on glorious apparel ; the Lord 
hath put on his apparel, and girded himself with strength. He 
hath made the round world so sure, that it cannot be moved. Ever 
since the world began hath thy seat been prepared : thou art from ^ 
everlasting. The floods are risen, O Lord, the floods have lift up § 
their voice ; the floods lift up- their waves. The waves of the sea g^ 
are mighty, and rage horribly ; but yet the Lord, who dwelleth on 
high, is mightier. Thy testimonies, O Lord, are very sure : holiness 
becometh thine house forever. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Cover, Master. 

* The Priest, having censed the second veil, covereth therewith the holy chalice, 
saying : 

Thy virtue, O Christ, hath covered the heavens, and the earth 
also is full of thy praise* 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 
Shelter, Master. 

The Priest, having censed the veil, that is to say, the air {vdxdukh), covereth 
therewith the paten and chalice, saying: 

Shield us with the shelter of thy wings, and drive away from us 
every foe and adversary. Order our lives in peace, O Lord ; have 
mercy upon us, and upon thy world, and save our souls ; for thou 
art good and lovest mankind* 

Then, taking the censer, the Priest censeth the Table of Oblation, saying thrice : 

Blessed art thou, O our God, who herein art well pleased. Glory 
to thee. 



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76 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

And each time the Deacon shall respond: 

Always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then both make three devout reverences. And the Deacon, taking the censer, 
saith : 

For the Precious Gifts now offered up, let us pray to the Lord. 
Then the Priest maketh the Prayer of Oblation : 

O God our God, who didst send forth the Heavenly Bread, the 
Nourishment of the whole world, our Lord and God, Jesus Christ, 
to be our Saviour and Redeemer and Benefactor, blessing and sanc- 
tifying us : Do thou, the same Lord, bless also this oblation, and 
accept it on thy most heavenly Altar. Call to remembrance those 
who offer it, and those for whom it is offered, inasmuch as thou 
art good and lovest mankind ; and preserve us blameless in the 
holy ministry of thy Divine Mysteries. 

For sanctified and glorified be thy most honourable and majestic 
Name, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then the Priest pronounceth the DISMISSAL, saying ; 

Glory to thee, O Christ our God ; glory to thee. 
Deacon. Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 
Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 
Master, bless. 

Then the Priest pronounceth the Benediction. If it be Sunday : 

May he who rose again from the dead, Christ our true God, . . . 

But if it be not Sunday : 

May Christ, our true God, through the intercessions of his all- 
undefiled Mother ; of our Father among the Saints, John Chrysos- 
tom, Bishop of Constantinople (or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil be 
used; of Basil the Great, of Caesarea in Cappadocia) ; and of all the 
Saints, have mercy upon us, and save us : for he is good and loveth 
mankind. 

Deacon. Amen. 

After the Benediction, the Deacon censeth the Holy Oblation. Then {if the 
Pontifical Service is to follow, see page 78. If not .*) he goeth and censeth 
the Holy Altar round about, in the form of a cross, saying, secretly: (5) 

In the grave with the body, but in Hell with the soul, in that thou 
art God ; in Paradise with the thief, and on the throne with the 
Father and the Spirit, wast thou, O Christ, filling all things, in 
that thou art infinite. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 77 

Then he shall recite Psalm li. .* Have mercy upon me, O God, after thy great 
goodness; . . . {Seepage 45). 

Meanwhile, he censeth the Sanctuary and all the Temple, andretumeth again 
to the Holy Altar; and having again censed it and the Priest ', he putteth 
the censer aside in its place, and approacheth the Priest. And standing 
together before the Holy Altar, they make three lowly reverences, praying 
secretly, and saying: 

O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of Truth, who art in all 
places and fittest all things; Treasury of good things, and Giver of 
life : Come, and take up thine abode in us, and cleanse us from 
every stain; and save our souls, O Good One. 

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will 
towards men. (Twice.) O Lord, open thou my lips, and my mouth 
shall show forth thy praise. 

Then the Priest kisseththe book of the Holy Gospels, and the Deacon kisseth 
the Holy Altar. Then the Deacon, bowing his head before the Priest, and 
holding his stole with three fingers, saith ; 

It is time to sacrifice unto the Lord. Bless, Master. 



And the {Bishop or the) Priest, signing him with the sign of the cross, 
saith : 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Deacon. Pray for me, holy Master. 

(Bishop or) Priest. May the Lord direct thy steps unto every 
good work. 

Deacon. Remember me, holy Master. 

(Bishop or) Priest. May the Lord God remember thee in his 
kingdom always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Deacon. Amen. 



And having made a humble reverence, he goeth out through the north door, 
and standing in his accustomed place before the Holy Door, he thrice 
boweth his head reverently, and saith, secretly : 



O Lord, open thou my lips, and my mouth shall show forth thy 
praise. 

Thereafter he beginneth, aloud : 

Bless, Master. (See page 79.) 

If the Priest celebrate without a Deacon, the words assigned to the Deacon 
in the Office of Oblation and in the Liturgy, before the Gospel is 
read; and in response: Bless, Master; and: Pierce, Master; and: It is 
time to sacrifice : shall not be said. As, likewise, the litany and oblation 
of ranks. But if many Priests serve, as in a Cathedral, only one Priest 
shall perform the Office of Oblation, and shall say what is herein set 
forth ; but no other of the Priests shall say that Office separately. They 
are allowed only to take out the particles for the living and the dead. 



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78 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

If a Pontifical Service is to follow, then, after the Benediction of the 
Office of Oblation, the Priest who hath celebrated the Office of Oblation 
(and the other Priests, in their cassocks), bearing a cross upon a salver, 
accompanied by the Proto-Deacon or Deacon with the censer and taper, the 
crosier-bearer with the Bishop's crosier, and the Sub-Deacons with the 
mantle and the eagle-rugs, go forth to meet the Bishop at the western 
door. As the Bishop entereth the Temple, the Deacon exclaimeth : Wis- 
dom ! And the Bishop saith, secretly ; 1 will enter into thy house . . . 
(see page 68). He is then vested in his mantle, and kisseth the cross, and 
giveth it to be kissed by all the Priests who are preparing to celebrate the 
Liturgy ; and then, while the Choir singeth : Meet is it : . . . More 
honourable . . . (see page 107X supporting himself on his crosier, he 
* approacheth the Holy Door, and there giveth the blessing for the Prayer 
of Entrance, as shown above. (Seepage 68.) 

After the Prayer: Stretch forth thy hand, O Lord . . . (seepage 68), the Bishop 
turneth his face towards the People, and blesseth the worshippers, while 
the Choir singeth : 

Ton Despotin kai Arkhierea im6n, K^rie fyiatte. Eis poll* eti, 
D&pota. (Preserve, O Lord, our Master and Bishop. For many 
years, O Master.) 

The Bishop then goeth to his dais ; the Clergy ask his blessing, and withdraw 
into the Sanctuary to vest themselves. The Priest who hath celebrated the 
Office of Oblation blesseth the beginning of the Hours : 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 
Reader. Amen. 

And he readeth the Third Hour and the Sixth Hour. 

Meanwhile the Sub-Deacons begin to vest the Bishop, having first removed 
his mantle, cowL pectoral holy image, and outer cassock. While the Bishop*s 
vestments are being put upon him, the Proto-Deacon, censer in hand, re- 
citeth the same Verses which the Priests recite as they vest themselves. 
(See above.) Or, sometimes, they are chanted by the Choir, the Proto- 
Deacon exclaiming before each : Let us pray to the Lord ; and using the 
second person, and substituting for " Priests" the word ** Bishops ," and so 
forth. 

When the pall (omofdr) is put on, the Deacon saith : 

When thou hadst taken upon thy shoulders human nature which 
had gone astray, O Christ, thou didst bear it to heaven, unto thy 
God and Father, always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

And with the pectoral holy image he saith : 

May God create in thee a clean heart, and renew a right spirit 
within thee, always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

At the second pectoral image (if there be one), he saith : 

Thy heart is inditing of a good matter; thou shalt speak of thy 
deeds unto the King, always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 
And with the cross he saith : 

If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, saith the 
Lord, and take up his cross and follow me, always, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And with the mitre he saith ; 

The Lord hath set upon thy head a crown of precious stones. 
Thou askedst life of him, and he shall give thee length of days, 
always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then the Proto-Deacon standeth aside, and the Sub-Deacons enter the Sanctu- 
ary, and taking from the Clergy the dikiri and the triktri, they bear 
them to the Bishop. And the Proto-Deacon saith : 

May thy light so shine Sefore men that they may see thy good 
works and glorify our Father which is in heaven, always, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And the Bishop bestoweth the blessing, in cross-form, with the dikiri and 
the triktri, to the east, and the west, and the south, and the north, while 
the Choir singeth slowly : 

Ton Desp<$tin kai Arkhier6a im6n, K^rie f^latte. Eis polld 6ti, 
Dlspota. (Preserve, O Lord, our Master and Bishop. For many 
years, O Master.) (6) 



79 



SB. 



SttUaf- 

mitof 

RMteB 

nd 

Okaatoi; 

OriUu- 

ttonct 

8lb- 



Then the ewer and basin are brought by the Proto*Deacon and the Dea- 
con, and the Bishop washeth his hands, if there be no Setting-aparl 
of a Reader or Chanter, or the Ordination of a Sub-Deacon. But 
tf there be a Setting-apart or an Ordination, then he who is to be set 
apart or ordained brtngeth the ewer and basin, after he hath been 
vested in his dalmatic, in the manner set forth in the Order for the 
Laying-on of Hands. 

When the Sixth Hou r approacheth its close, all the Clergy, havingvested them- 
selves, come forth from the Sanctuary through the north door, and taking 
their stand beside the Bishop, begin to pray : 

O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. {Thrice.) 

Bishop. O Heavenly King . . . (See page 67), with hands up- 
lifted. 

Glory to God in the highest, . . . ( Twice.) 

O Lord, open thou my lips, . . . 

Proto-Deacon. It is time to sacrifice unto the Lprd. Bless, Right 
Reverend Master. (Seepage 80.) 

The First Priest and the Proto-Deacon kiss the Bishop's hand, and the Priest 
goeth into the Sanctuary, andopeneth the Holy Door, while the Proto-Deacon 
remaineth standing outside, in front of the holy picture of the Saviour. 

The Bishop remaineth on his dais (kdthedra), until the Little Entrance. The 
other Clergy enter the Sanctuary after the Exclamations at the Great and 
Little Litanies. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 

II. THE LITURGY OF THE CATECHUMENS 



Deacon. Bless, Master. 

Priest {bestowing the blessing, in cross-form, with the book of the 
Gospels from the Altar). Blessed is the kingdom of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Choir Amen. 

And if it be at Eastertide : 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, 
and upon those in the tomb bestowing life. 



The Great Litany ( VeHkaya Ektkniyd). 



Deacon. In peace let us pray 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from 
above, and for the salvation of 
our souls, let us pray to the 
Lord ft 

For the peace of the whole 
world ; for the welfare of God's 
holy Churches, and for the 
union of them all : ft 

For this holy Temple, and 
for those who with faith, de- 
voutness, and in the fear of 
God have entered therein : ft 

For our Holy Synod {or Pa- 
triarch) ; for our Bishop {or 
Archbishop, or Metropolitan), 
N. ; for the honourable Presby- 
tery, the Diaconate in Christ ; 
for all the clergy and the 
laity: ft 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler 
of the Land and for all the Au- 
thorities (Emperor, or King, and 
Reigning House, or President, 
according to the elements and 
nationalities of which the Parish 
is constituted). 



to the Lord. 



If a Bishop be the celebrant, he 
saith here, secretly, the Prayer 
of Oblation. 



zr 

< 
ft 

3 
^5 



O God our God, who didst 
send forth the Heavenly Bread, 
the Nourishment of the whole 
world, our Lord and God, Jesus 
Christ, to be our Saviour and 
Redeemer and Benefactor, 
blessing and sanctifying us: Do 
thou, the same Lord, bless also 
this oblation, and accept it on 
thy most heavenly Altar. Call 
to remembrance those who 
offer it, and those for whom it 
is offered, inasmuch as thou art 
good and lovest mankind ; and 
preserve us blameless in the 
holy ministry of thy Divine 
Mysteries. 

For sanctified and glorified 
be thy most honourable and 
majestic Name, of tiie Father, 
and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 






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THE DIVINE LITURGY 81 



Si 

=•* 
3 r 

« 2 



That he will aid them and subdue under their feet every foe 
and adversary : IJs 

For this city, for this holy Temple, and for every city and 
land, and for those who with faith dwell therein : B> 

For healthful seasons ; for abundance of the fruits of the earth, 
and for peaceful times : B> 

For those who travel by sea or by land ; for the sick and 
the suffering; for those who are in captivity, and for their salva- 
tion: B> 

. That he will deliver us from all tribulation, wrath, peril and 
necessity: IJs 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

Priest For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

And the Deacon, having made a reverence^ shall leave his place,, and shall go 
and stand before the holy picture {ikdna) of Christy holding his stole with 
three fingers of his right hand. 



* 



^ 



Here shall be sung the First Anti- 
phon, Psalm cut {or on the Great 
Feasts its appointed substitute).* 

Bless the Lord, O my soul : 
Blessed art thou, O Lord. Bless 
the Lord, O my soul, and all that 
is within me bless his holy Name. 
Bless the Lord, O my soul, and 
forget not all his benefits. Who 
forgiveth all thy sin, and healeth 
all thine infirmities. Th6 Lord is 
full of compassion and mercy, 
long-suffering and of great good- 
ness. He will not alway be 
chiding, neither keepeth he his 

wrath forever. He hath not dealt with us after our sins, nor rewarded 
* See the Special Services for the Great Feasts. 



And the Priest saith, secretly, the 
Prayer of the First Antiphon. 

O Lord our God, whose might 
is ineffable, whose glory is incon- 
ceivable, whose mercy is infinite, 
and whose love toward mankind 
is unutterable: Look down, O 
Master, in thy tender compas- 
sion, upon us and upon this holy 
Temple ; and deal with us and 
with those people who here pray 
with us, according to the riches 
of thy mercies and thy bounties. 



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82 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

us according to our iniquities. Bless the Lord, O my soul, and all that 
is within me bless his holy Name. Blessed art thou, O Lord. 



While the Priest {likewise the Bishop) 
saith, secretly, the Prayer of the 
Second Antiphon. 

O Lord our God, save thy peo- 
ple, and bless thine heritage. 
Preserve the fulness of thy 
Church : sanctify those who 
love the beauty of thy house: 
glorify them by thy divine might 
in recompense ; and forsake not 
us who put our trust in thee. 



And at the conclusion of the Anti- 
phon, the Deacon shall come and 
stand again in his accustomed 
place, and shall say : 

The Little Litany {Mdlaya Ek- 
ttniya). 

Again, yet again, in peace let 
us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have 
mercy upon us, and keep us, O 
God, by thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life, 
unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

Priest For thine is the majesty, and thine are the kingdom and the 
power and the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir, Amen. 

The Deacon shall do as he hath done at the First Antiphon. 

Here shall be sung the Second Antiphon, Psalm cxlvi. (or on the Great 
Feasts its appointed substitute).* 

Praise the Lord, O my soul : while I live, will I praise the Lord ; yea, 
as long as I have any being, I will sing praises unto my God. Blessed 
is he that hath the God of Jacob for his help, and whose hope is in the 
Lord his God ; who made the sea, and all that therein is ; who keepeth 
his promise forever. Who helpeth them to right that suffer wrong; 
who feedeth the hungry. The Lord looseth men out of prison ; the 
Lord giveth sight to the blind. The Lord helpeth them that are fallen ; 
the Lord careth for the righteous. The Lord careth for the strangers ; 
he defendeth the fatherless and widow : as for the way of the ungodly, 
he turneth it upside down. The Lord thy God, O Sion, shall be King 
forevermore. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Here shall be sung the Anthem. 

O Only -begotten Son and Word of God ! Thou who art immortal yet 

* See the Special Services for the Great Feasts. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



*3 



didst deign for our salvation to become incarnate of the Holy Birth-giver 
of God and ever-virgin Mary; and without change of essence wast 
made man ; who also wast crucified for us, O Christ our God, tram- 
pling down Death by death ; who art one of the Holy Trinity, and art 
glorified together with the Father and the Holy Spirit : Save us. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in 
peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

O thou, 



Succour us, save us, have 
mercy upon us, and keep us, O 
God, by thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our 
most holy, undefiled, most blessed 
and glorious Lady, the Birth-giver 
of God and ever-virgin Mary, 
with all the Saints, let us com- 
mend ourselves, and each other, 
and all our life unto Christ our 
God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 



Then fry (the Bishop and) the Priest 
is said, secretly, the Prayer of the 
Third Antiphon. 



who hast given us 
grace at this time, with one ac- 
cord, to make our common suppli- 
cations unto thee ; and dost pro- 
mise that when two or three are 
gathered together in thy Name 
thou wilt grant their requests. 
Fulfil now, O Lord, the desires 
and petitions of thy servants as 
may be most expedient for them ; 
granting them in this world 
knowledge of thy truth, and in 
the world to come, life ever- 
lasting. 



I 



Exclamation. 

Priest For thou art a good God, and lovest mankind, and unto thee 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



The Deacon then entereth the Sanc- 
tuary, and the Choir chanteth the 
Third Antiphon. 

In thy Kingdom remember us, 
O Lord, when thou comest into 
thy Kingdom. Blessed are the 
poor in spirit : for theirs is the 
kingdom of heaven. Blessed are 
they that mourn : for they shall 
be comforted. Blessed are the 
meek : for they shall inherit the 
earth. Blessed are they that do 
hunger and thirst after righteous- 
ness : for they shall be filled. 
Blessed are the merciful : for 
they shall obtain mercy. Blessed 
are the pure in heart : for they 
shall see God Blessed are the 



The Priest saith the Prayer of the 
Little Entrance while the last 
portion of the Beatitudes is being 
sung. 

O Master, Lord our God, who 
hast appointed in heaven ranks 
and hosts of Angels and Arch- 
angels for the ministry of thy 
glory : Cause that with our en- 
trance may enter also the holy 
Angels with us serving thee, 
and with us glorifying thy good- 
ness. 

For unto thee are due all glory, 
honour and worship, to the Fa- 
ther, and to the Son, and to the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 



£ 
5 



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»4 



THE DIVINE LITURGY 



peacemakers : for they shall be 
called the children of God. 
Blessed are they which are per- 
secuted for righteousness* sake : 
for theirs is the kingdom of hea- 
ven. Blessed are ye when men 
shall revile you, and persecute you, 
and shall say all manner of evil 
against you falsely, for my sake. 

Then the Priest, taking the book of 
the Holy Gospels from the Altar, 
giveth it to the Deacon ; and pre- 
ceded by a light, they both make 
the Lesser Entrance. 

Rejoice, and be exceeding glad; 
for great is your reward in heaven. 

The Deacon, taking his stand before 
the Holy Door, saith : 

Deacon. Bless, Master, the 
Holy Entrance. 

Priest. Blessed is the En- 
trance of thy Holy Ones always, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then the Deacon shall go to the 
Priest, and the Priest shall kiss the 
book of the Holy Gospels; and the 
Deacon shall come to the centre of 
the Holy Door, and there standing 
in front of the Priest, he shall 
elevate the Holy Gospels, and 
shall say, so that all may hear: 

Wisdom, O believers I (8) 

Then shall they go to the Holy Al- 
tar; and the Deacon shall lay the 
Gospels on the Altar, and the 
Choir shall sing ; 

O come, let us worship and fall 
down before Christ. Save, O 
Son of God, who didst rise again 
from the dead,* us who sing unto 
thee: Alleluia. 



to 



If it be a Pontifical Service, the head 
Priest giveth the book of the Holy 
Gospels to the Prolo-Deacon, tunc 
beareth it, preceded by the Sub- 
Deacons with the dikiriand tri- 
kiri and the sacramental fans 
iripidi). 

The Priests follow, in the order of 
their rank; and the whole pro- 
cession, while the Beatitudes 0l-1 _ atta . 
are being sung, maketh the SpSto- 
circuit of the Altar, and com- Dmocom 
ing forth, through the north g^jjj*" 
door, goeth to the Bishop*s 
dais. And there the Proto-Deacon 
slandelh in front of the Bishop. 

Proto-Deacon. Bless, Right 
Reverend Master, the Holy En- 
trance. 

Bishop. Blessed is the En- 
trance of thy Holy Ones, always, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Choir. Amen. 
The Bishop kisseth the Holy Gos- 
pels. 

Proto-Deacon. Wisdom, O Be- 
lievers ! 

The Clergy who are taking part in 
the service sing : 

O come, let us worship and fall 
down before Christ. Save, O 
Son of God, who didst rise again 
from the dead,* us who sing unto 
thee: Alleluia. 

The Bishop bestoweth the blessing 
with the dikiri and trik/ri, on all 
four sides, as after his vesting. 
And all proceed to the Sanctu- 
ary, where the Bishop, bearing the 
dikiri and censer, accompanied 
by the Proto-Deacon bearing the 
trikM, cense th the Holy Altar, 
the image-screen, and the People, 
while the Choir chanteth : 

Eis polli 6ti, D6spota. ( Thrice. ) 



to 



Then shall be sung the f roper Hymn (Tropdr) and Collect-Hymn (Konddk)for 
the Day. (See Appendix A.) 

* If it be a week day : . . . who art wonderful in the Saints. Or, at Feasts, the proper 
Refrain, from the Antiphon of the Feast. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



85 



The Prayer of the Thrice- 
Holy. 

The Priest, secretly. 

O holy God, who restest 
in the Saints ; who art 
hymned by the Seraphim 
with a thrice-holy cry, and 
glorified by the Cherubim, 
and adored by every hea- 
venly Power ; who out of 
nothingness hast brought 
all things into being ; who 
hast created man after 
thine own image and like- 
ness, and hast adorned him 
with every gift of thine; 
who givest unto those that 
ask of thee wisdom and un- 
derstanding; whodespisest 
not the sinner, but hast 
appointed repentance unto 
salvation ; and hast vouch- 
safed unto us, thy humble 
and unworthy servants 
here, at this hour, to stand 
before the glory of thy 
holy Altar, and to render 
unto thee that adoration 
and praise which are thy 
due : Do thou, the same 
Lord, accept from the 
mouths of us sinners, the 
Thrice-Holy song, and visit 
us with thy beneficence. 
Pardon us every transgres- 
sion, whether voluntary or 
involuntary. Sanctify both 
our souls and bodies, and 
grant that we may serve 
thee in uprightness all the 
days of our life : through 
the intercessions of the 
holy Birth-giver of God, 
and of all the Saints of all 
the ages who have been 
well-pleasing unto thee. 



If it be at a Pontifical Service, the last 
Collect-Hymn is omitted, and the 
Proio-Deacon, coming forth from the 
Sanctuary, saith : 

O Lord, save the God-fearing. 
And the Choir singeth the same, 

Proio-Deacon. And hear us. 
Choir. And hear us. 

Then {in Russian Churches) the Proto- 
Deacon saith the Great Eulogy. 

To the Most Holy Synod of 
Russia, many years ! 

And the Clergy and the Choir repeat the 
same. 

Proto-Deacon. To our Most God- 
fearing Sovereign, N.,the Emperor 
of All the Russias, and to all the 
Reigning House {and to the Ruler 
of the Land, if it be in a foreign 
country, mentioning his name and 
title), many years ! 

And the Choir singeth the same. 

Proto-Deacon. To our Lord, the 
Right Reverend, N., of N., many 
years ! 

And the Clergy and the Choir repeat the 
same. 

Proto-Deaeon. To the Right Re- 
verend Patriarchs, Metropolitans, 
Archbishops and Bishops, many 
years ! 

And the Clergy and the Choir sing the 
same. 

To the Orthodox Governing 
Council, and Commanders of the 
Army and the Navy ; to Governors 
of Towns, and the Christ-loving 
Army ; and to all Orthodox Chris- 
tians, many years ! 

The Choir repeat the same, and the 
Bishop, after each "many years/" 
blesseth all, and then reciteih, secretly, 
the Prayer of the Thrice-Holy. 






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86 



THE DIVINE LITURGY 



And when the Choir come to the 
last Hymn, the Deacon shall 
say to the Priest, as both bow 
their heads, and he holdeth his 
stole with three fingers ; 

Bless, Master, the time of 
the Thrice-Holy. 

And the Priest shell bless him, 
with the sign of the cross, and 
shall say, aloud : 

For holy art thou, O our 
God, and unto thee we ascribe 
glory, to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever ; 

And when the Hymn is finished, 
the Deacon shall come close to 
to the Holy Door t and pointing 
with his stole, first to the holy 
picture of Christ, he shall say : 

O Lord, save the God-fear- 
ing, and hear us. 

Then shall he point, in like man- 
ner, to those who stand without, 
and shall say : 

Even unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

And then the Choir: 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, 
Holy Immortal One, have mer- 
cy upon us. {Five times.)* (9) 



The Clergy in the Sanctuary : 

Glory to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

We, thy servants, in that we have 
been delivered from calamity, do 
offer unto thee, O Birth-giver of 
God, who as a victorious Chieftain 
warrest for us, songs of triumph 
and thanksgiving. Do thou also, in 
that thou hast might invincible, free 
us from all assaults, that we may 
cry unto thee : Hail, O Bride Un- 
wedded ! 

Proto-Deacon. Bless, Right Re- 
verend Master, the time of the 
Thrice-Holy. 

And standing in front of the Holy 
Door, he shall say : 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

Bishop. For holy art thou, O our 
God, and unto thee we ascribe glory, 
to the Father, and to the Son, and 
to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever ; 

And the Proto-Deacon, standing near 
the Holy Door, and holding his stole 
with three fingers, and pointing there- 
with to the People, saith : 

Even unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. O Holy God, 
Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, 
have mercy upon us. (Once.) 

The Priests repeat the same once.* 

The Choir repeateth the same once. 

After the third repetition, the Bishop, 
holding the cross and the dikiri, saith, 
with his face towards the People : 

Look down from heaven, O God, 



* At Christmas, the Epiphany, on the Eve of Palm Sunday, on Holy Saturday, during 
Eastertide and at Pentecost, in place of the Thrice-Holy shall be sung: 

As many as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. Alleluia. (10) 

At the Feast of the Setting-up (Exaltation) of the Holy Cross; and at the third weeh of 
the Great Fast (Lent), when is the Feast of the Adoration of the Cross, in place of tie 
Thrice Holy there shall be sung: 

Thy Cross do we worship, O Master, and we glorify thy Resurrection. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



And the Deacon shall say to 
the Priest: 

Command, Master. 

Then shall they approach the 
Holy Throne, and as he ap- 
proachelh, the Priest shall 
say : 

Blessed is he that Com- 
eth in the Name of the 
Lord. 

Deacon. Bless, Master, 
the seat on high. 

Priest. Blessed art thou 
on the throne of glory of 
thy kingdom, who sittest 
on the Cherubim always, 
now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

The Priest doth not ascend the 
High Place, nor sit upon it, 
but taketh his seat beside it, 
to the south. 



I 



and behold and visit this vine which 
thou hast planted with thy right 
hand, and establish it 

And while the Choir singeth the Thrice- 
Holy for the fourth time, the Bishop 
bestoweth the blessing with the cross 
and the dikiri. Then the Clergy and 
the Choir each repeat the Thrice-Holy 
once more. 

Here Bishops are ordained. Jgjjj 

Proto-Deaeon. Bless, Right Re- 
verend Master, the seat on high. 

Bishop. Blessed art thou on the 
throne of glory of thy kingdom, 
who sittest on the Cherubim all- 
hymned and exalted forever, (n) 

The Bishop then ascendeth the High 
Place, and standeth there, looking 
towards the People. And he giveth 
the dikiri to the Deacon. And the 
Prolo-Deacon giveth the trikiri to 
the Bishop, reciting the Hymn. 

In Jordan was the Trinity made 
manifest ; for the Most-Divine Per- 
son of the Father Himself pro- 
claimed : He that is baptized, the 
same is my beloved Son. And the 
Spirit descended upon Him that 
was like unto Himself. For which 
cause men shall bless Him and exalt 
him forever. 

The Bishop taketh the trikiri, andbless- 
eth thrice with the trikiri, as usual. 

After the Thrice-Holy, the Deacon shall say : 

Let us attend 

{Bishop or) Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Gradual (Prokimen), in the . . . Tone, (i 2) 

Tone I : Let thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us, as we have set < 
hope on thee. 

Verse: Rejoice in the Lord, O ye righteous: for it becometh 
just to be thankful. 

Tone II : The Lord is my strength and my song, and is become 
salvation. 



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88 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

Verse; The Lord hath chastened and corrected me; but he hath not 
given me over unto death. 

Tone III: O sing praises, sing praises unto our God : O sing praises, 
sing praises unto our King. 

Verse : O clap your hands together, all ye people : O sing unto God 
with the voice of melody. 

Tone IV. : O Lord, how manifold are thy works : in wisdom hast thou 
made them all. 

Verse: Bless the Lord, O my soul : O Lord my God, thou art be- 
come exceeding glorious. 

Tone V. : Thou shalt keep us, O Lord : thou shalt preserve us from 
this generation henceforth forever. 

Verse: Save me, O Lord, for there is not one godly man left. 

Tone VI : O Lord, save thy people, and bless thine inheritance. 

Verse: Unto thee will I cry, O Lord my strength : keep thou not 
silence towards me. 

Tone VII : The Lord shall give strength unto his people : the Lord 
shall give his people the blessing of peace. 

Verse: Bring unto the Lord, O ye sons of God, bring young rams 
unto the Lord. 

Tone VIII ; Pray ye unto the Lord our God, and render thanks. 

Verse : In Jewry is God known, his Name is great in Israel. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle (N. to 
the N.). 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Reader then readeih the Epistle: • Brethren . . . 



And while the Epistle is 
being ready the Deacon 
shall take the censer, 
and approaching the 
Priest shall receive 
his blessings and shall 
cense the Holy Altar 
rpund about, and all 
the Sanctuary, and the 
Priest, and the Peo- 
ple (13) 



If a Bishop be the celebrant, the Proto-Deacon 
taketh the censer, and a Deacon the incense, and 
they approach the Bishop, And the Bishop, put- 
ting incense into the censer, reciteth the while 
the Prayer of the Censer. 



So 



We offer unto thee the censer, O Christ 
our God, for the savour of a sweet spiritual 
odour; which do thou accept upon thy most 
heavenly Altar, requiting us with the grace 
of thy Holy Spirit. 

And when the Epistle is finished, the Priest shall say : 
Peace be with thee. | The Prayer before the Gospel. 

Reader. And with j The Priest, secretly, 

thy spirit. I Illumine our hearts, O God who lovest 

Deacon. Wisdom ! j mankind, with the pure light of thy divine 
Reader. Alleluia. | knowledge, and open the eyes of our under- 

* While the Epistle is being read the Bishop sitteth on the High Place, and the Priests sit 
beside it. And while the Gospel is being read, they stand at their places. 

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THE DIVINE LITURGY 89 



standing to the comprehension of the proclamation of thy Gospel. 
Implant in us, likewise, the fear of thy blessed commandments ; that, 
trampling down all carnal desires, we may pursue a godly life, both 
thinking and performing such things as are well-pleasing unto thee. 
For thou art the light of our souls, and of our bodies, O Christ our 
God, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, together with thy Father 
who is from everlasting, and thy holy, and blessed, and life-giving 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



I 



"J 

a 



Then the Deacon, having set the censer in its proper place, shall come to 
the Priest, and bowing his head, and holding his stole and the book of the 
Holy Gospels with the tips, of his fingers, at the Holy Altar, shall say : 

Bless, Master, him who proclaimeth the good tidings of the 
holy Apostle and Evangelist, N. 

(For a Bishop : Bless, Right Reverend Master, him who proclaimeth . . ,) 

And the Bishop or the Priest, blessing him with the sign of the cross, shall 
say : 

May God, through the intercessions of the holy, glorious and 
all-laudable Apostle and Evangelist, N., grant utterance with great 
power unto thee, who proclaimest the good tidings ; unto the ful- 
filment of the Gospel of his beloved Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Deacon. Amen. 

Then the Deacon doeth reverence to the book of the Holy Gospels, and 
taketh it, andgoeth out through the Holy Door, preceded by a taper, and 
standeth on the tribune, or on the place prepared. And the Priest, 
standing before the Holy Altar, with his face to the west, proclaimeth : 

Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel. 

The Bishop, Peace be with you all 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon, The Lesson from the Holy Gospel according to N. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Priest Let us attend. 

And the Deacon, or the Priest, if there be no Deacon, readeth the Gospel ; and 
when he hath finished, the Priest shall say : (14) 

Peace be unto thee, who hast announced the good tidings. 
Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

And if it be a Pontifical Service, the Choir singeth ; BUiflp. 

Eis polld £ti, Dispota. (Many years, O Lord.) 
While the Bishop blesseth the People with the trikiri and the dikiri. 

Then the Deacon shall go to the Holy Door, and shall give the book of the Gos* 
pels to the Priest, who placeth it on the Altar, behind the corporal {antimins\ 

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90 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

And the Deacon, standing in his accustomed place, shall say : 

Let us all say, with all our soul and with all our mind let us 
say: (15) 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

O Lord Almighty, the God of our fathers, we beseech thee, hearken, 
and have mercy. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, we 
beseech thee : hearken, and have mercy. 

Choir* Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authorities {Km- 
perois^r King, and Reigning House, or President, according to the elements and 
nationalities of which the Parish is constituted). 



The Prayer of the Litany of Fervent Sup- 
plication. 

The Priest, secretly. 

O Lord our God, accept this, the fervent sup- 
plication of thy servants, and be gracious unto us, 
according to the multitude of thy mercy ; and send 
down thy bounties upon us, and upon all thy 
people, who here await the rich mercy which is 
from thee. 

The corporal (antimlns) is now unfolded, except the upper 
edge. 



r 



For our Holy 
Synod {or Patri- 
arch) ; for our 
Bishop {or Arch- 
bishop, or Me- 
tropolitan), N. ; 
for the honour- 
able Presbytery, 
the Diaconate in 
Christ ; for all 
the clergy and 
the laity. ft 

Furthermore 
we pray for all their Christ-loving Army and Navy. ft 

Furthermore we pray for our brethren the Priests; for or- 
dained Monks, and for all our brotherhood in Christ. ft 

Furthermore we pray for the blessed and ever-memorable most 
holy Orthodox Patriarchs, and God-fearing Tzars and Tzarftzas ; 
and for the founders of this holy Temple ; and for all our devout 
fathers and brethren, Orthodox believers, departed this life be- 
fore us, who here and in all the world lie asleep in the Lord, ft 

Furthermore we pray for those who bear fruit and do good 
works in this holy and' all-honourable Temple ; for those who 
labour in its service; for the singers; and for the people here 
present, who await in firm hope thy great and rich mercies, ft 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto 
thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



<4 



a* 

o 

3 
o 

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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



91 



Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 



[And, if it be in Russia, the Priest 
saitk this Prayer : 

O Lord our God, who art great 
and full of compassion, in meekness of heart we make our humble sup- 
plication unto thee : Preserve beneath the shelter of thy loving-kindness 
from every calamity our most God-fearing Emperor, N. Guard him in 
his ways by thy holy Angels, and let no enemy by any means prevail 
against him, nor any son of iniquity aim to offend him. Satisfy him with 
length of days and plenitude of strength ; and enable him to accom- 
plish all things to thy glory, and to the welfare of his people. So we, 
rejoicing in thy abounding grace toward him every day and every hour, 
shall bless and glorify thy most holy Name, of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen.] 



And if there be offerings on behalf of 
the dead, the Deacon or the Priest 
shall say the following Litany ; 

Have mercy upon us, O God, 
according to thy great mercy, we 
beseech thee : hearken, and have 
mercy. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 
{Thrice.) 

Furthermore we pray for the 
repose of the souls of the servants 
of God departed this life, NN. ; 
and that thou wilt pardon all their 
sins, both voluntary and involun- 
tary, ft 

That the Lord God will estab- 
lish their souls where the just re- 
pose, ft 

The mercies of God, the king- 
dom of heaven, and the remission 
of our sins we entreat of Christ, 
our King Immortal and our God. 

Choir. Grant it, O Lord. 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 



The Priest, secretly. 

O God of spirits, and of 
all flesh, who hast trampled 
down death, and overthrown 
the Devil, and given life 
unto thy world: Do thou, 
the same Lord, give rest to 
the souls of thy departed 
servants, NN., in a place of 
brightness, a place of ver- 
dure, a place of repose, 
whence all sickness, sorrow 
and sighing have fled away. 
Pardon every transgression 
which they have committed, 
whether by word, or deed, or 
thought. For thou artagood 
God, and lovest mankind ; 
because there is no man who 
liveth and sinneth not ; for 
thou only art without sin, 
and thy righteousness is to 
all eternity, and thy word is 
true. 



\ 



Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art the Resurrection, and the Life, and the Repose 
of thy departed servants, NN., O Christ our God, and unto thee we 
ascribe glory, together with thy Father, who is from everlasting, and 
thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. — Choir. Amen. 



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92 



THE DIVINE LITURGY 



The Prayer for the Catechumens. 

The Priest, secretly. 

O Lord our God, who dwellest on 
high, and dost regard the humble of 
heart; who hast sent forth as the 
salvation of the race of men thine 
Only-begotten Son and God, our Lord 
Jesus Christ : Look down upon thy 
servants the Catechumens, who have 
bowed their necks before thee. Grant 
unto them in due season the laver of 
regeneration, remission of sins, and 
the robe of incorruption. Unite them 
unto thy Holy Catholic and Apostolic 
Church, and number them with thy 
chosen flock. 

Here the last edge of the corporal is 
spread out, 

[Or, if it be at the Liturgy of St. Basil 
the Great : 

O Lord our God, who dwellest in 
the heavens, and lookest down upon 
all thy works : Look upon thy ser- 
vants, the Catechumens, who have 
bowed their necks before thee, and 
grant them the light yoke. Make 
them honourable members of thy holy 
Church ; and vouchsafe unto them 
the laver of regeneration, the remission of sins, and the robe of in- 
corruption, unto the knowledge of thee, our true God.] 

Exclamation, 

Priest That with us they may magnify thine all-honourable and 
majestic Name, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

The Priest maketh the sign of the cross over the corporal with the sponge, which 
he then kisseth, and layetn on one side. 

Deacon. Depart, all ye Catechumens, depart. Depart, all ye Cate- 
chumens : let no Catechumen remain : but let us who are in the faith 
again, yet again, in peace pray unto the Lord. (16) 

Choir, Lord, have mercy. 



The Litany of the Cate- 
chumens. 

Deacon. Pray ye jinto the 
Lord, ye Catechumens. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Ye faithful, pray ye unto 
the Lord for the Catechu- 
mens ; that the Lord will 
have mercy upon them. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

That he will teach them 
the word of truth. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

That he will reveal to them 
the gospel of righteousness. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

That he will unite them 
unto his Holy Catholic and 
Apostolic Church. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Save them, have mercy 
upon them, succour them, 
and keep them, O God, by 
thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Bow your heads tyato the 
Lord, ye Catechumens. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



93 



III. THE LITURGY OF THE FAITHFUL 



Succour us, save 
us, have mercy upon 
us, and keep us, O 
God, by thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have 
mercy. 






The First Prayer of the Faithful. 
The Priest^ secretly. 

We give thanks unto thee, O Lord God of 
the Powers, who hast graciously vouchsafed 
unto us to stand now before thy holy Altar, 
and fall down in adoration before thy compas- 
sion toward our sins, and the errors of the 
people. Accept our supplications, O God ; make us worthy to offer 
unto thee prayers and supplications, and unbloody sacrifices for all 
thy people. And enable us, whom thou hast appointed to this thy 
ministry, by the power of thy Holy Spirit, at all times, and in every 
place, blamelessly, without offence, and in the witness of a pure con- 
science, to call upon thee ; that hearing us thou mayest show mercy 
upon us, according to the plenitude of thy goodness. 

\Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used: 

Thou, O Lord, hast shown us this great mystery of salvation. 
Thou hast graciously permitted us, thy humble and unworthy ser- 
vants, to be the ministrants of thy holy Altar. Do thou enable us 
with the power of thy Holy Spirit for this ministry; that, stand- 
ing uncondemned before thy holy glory, we may offer unto thee an 
oblation of praise. For thou art he who worketh all things in all 
men. Grant, therefore, O Lord, that our sacrifice for our own sins, 
and for the errors of thy people, may be acceptable and well-pleas- 
ing in thy sight.] f 

Exclamation* 

Priest For unto thee are due all honour, glory and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in 
peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

When the Priest servetk without a 
Deacon^ thefollowingpartofthis 
Litany is omitted as indicated. 

For the peace that is 
from above, and for the 
salvation of our souls, let 
us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have 
mercy. 






The Second Prayer of the 

Faithful. 

The Priest, secretly. 
Again and oftentimes we fall 
down before thee, and beseech 
thee, O Good One who lovest man- 
kind, that, looking down upon our 
petition, thou wilt purify both our 
souls and bodies from all defile- 
ment of the flesh and of the 
Spirit ; and grant that in blameless- 
ness and without condemnation we 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



For the peace of the whole 
world; for the welfare of 
God's holy Churches, and 
for the union of them all, 
let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For this holy Temple, and 
for those who with faith, de- 
voutness, and in the fear of 
God have entered therein, 
let us pray to the Lord 

Choir, Lord, have mercy. 

That he will deliver us 
from all tribulation, wrath, 
peril and necessity, let us 
pray to the Lord 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have 
mercy upon us, and keep us, O 
God, by thy grace. 

Choir Lord, have mercy. 



may stand here* before thy .holy 
Altar. Grant also, O God, unto us 
and unto those who here with us 
make their supplications unto thee, 
prosperity of life and increase of 
faith, and of spiritual understand- 
ing. Grant that they may serve 
thee continually with love and fear, 
and that they may partake of thy 
Holy Mysteries in blamelessness 
of heart and without condemna- 
tion, and be deemed worthy of thy 
heavenly kingdom. 

[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the 
Great be used; 

O God, who in mercy and boun- 
ties hast visited our lowliness ; 
who hast set us, thy humble, and 
sinful, and unworthy servants be- 
fore thy holy glory, to serve thy 
holy Altar: Strengthen us by 



r 



us 
the power of thy Holy Spirit for this ministry, and grant us utter- 
ance, in the opening of our lips, to invoke the grace of thy Holy 
Spirit upon the Gifts which we are about to set forth.] 
Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Then shall the Deacon enter through the north door. 
Exclamation. * 
Priest That being kept always by thy might, we may ascribe glory 
to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 



The Cherubimic Hymn. 
Choir. Let us, the Cherubim 
mystically representing, and 
unto the Life-giving Trinity 
the thrice-holy chant intoning, 
all cares terrestrial now lay 
aside. (17) 

(Here the Great Entrance, with the 
Holy Gifts y is made. And after 
it the Hymn is finished i) 

That we may raise on high the 
King of all, like conqueror on 
shield and spears, by the Angelic 
Hosts invisibly up-borne. 



The Prayer of the Cherubimic 

Hymn. 

The Priest y secretly. 

No one who is in bondage unto 

carnal desires and sensual pleasures 

is worthy to approach, or to come 

near, or to serve thee, O King of 

Glory : For to serve thee is a great 

and terrible thing even to the 

Heavenly Powers. Nevertheless, 

through thine unutterable and 

boundless love toward mankind 

thou didst become man, yet without 

change, and without transmutation, 



& 

5 

** 

$ 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 95 

and art become our High Priest, and hast committed unto us the 
ministry of this unbloody Sacrifice, in that thou art Lord over all. 
For thou alone, O Lord our God, rulest over those in heaven and 
on earth ; who art borne on the throne of the Cherubim ; who art 
Lord of the Seraphim and King over Israel ; who alone art holy 
and restest in the Saints. Therefore do I now make my entreaty 
unto thee, who alone art good and art ready to listen : Look down 
upon me, a sinner, and thine unprofitable servant, and cleanse my 
soul and my heart from an evil conscience ; and by the might of thy* 
Holy Spirit enable me, who am endued with the grace of the priest- 
hood, to stand before this thy holy Altar, and perform the sacred 
Mystery of thy Holy and Pure Body and Precious Blood. For unto 
thee do I draw near, and bowing my neck I implore thee: turn 
not thy face from me, neither cast me out from among thy children ; 
but graciously vouchsafe that I, a sinner and thine unworthy ser- 
vant, may offer unto thee these Holy Gifts. For it is thou who 
offerest and art offered, who receivest and art thyself received, O 
Christ our God: and unto thee we ascribe glory, together with 
thy Father, who is from everlasting, and thine all-holy, and good, 
and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

(At a Pontifical Service the Bishop washeth his hands,) Then the 
Deacon taketh the censer, and having received the Priests blessing, he 
cense th the Holy A liar round about y and the Sanctuary, saying, secretly, to 
himself, Psalm li, : Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy great 
goodness. Then the Priest and Deacon stand before the Altar, and make 
three reverences, saying : 

O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. 

The Priest, elevating his hands, saith in a low voice : Let us, the Cherubim 
mystically representing . . . now lay aside. ( Thrice!) (See page 94.) Then 

' eachfinishelh the Hymn : That we may raise on high . . . Ana they kiss 
the Altar, and go to the Chapel of Oblation, which the Priest censeth. 

If it be a Pontifical Service, the Bishop taketh out the particles at the 
Table of Oblation, making mention of the living, and the dead, and 
his fellow-clergy, 

Then shall the Deacon say to the Priest : 

Take up, Master. 

And the Priest, taking the air {vdzdukh\ shall lay it on the Deacon's left 
shoulder, and shall say ; 

Lift up your hands unto the Holy Things, and bless the Lord. 

Then taking the holy paten (diskos), in like manner, he shall set it on the 
head of the Deacon, with all reverence, the Deacon holding the censer the 
while on one of his fingers. But the Priest himself shall take in his 
hand the holy chalice (potir\ and they shall go forth through the north door, 
preceded by a taper, and shall stand facing the People, {But the Bishop 
remaintth in the Sanctuary,) 



fc 

8 
3 



in 

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96 



THE DIVINE LITURGY 



The Great Entrance {following the Russian Service Book). 

Deacon. Our most God-fearing Sovereign, N., the Emperor of All 
the Russias, may the Lord God remember in his kingdom always, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Priest. And all the Reigning House {and the Ruler of the country), 
may the Lord God remember in his kingdom always, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Deacon. The most Holy Synod of Russia, and our Archbishop, N„ 
may the Lord God remember in his kingdom always, now, and ever, 
and^unto ages of ages. 

If it be a Pontifical Service, the Bishop now 



Priest. All you Or- 
thodox Christians, may 
the Lord God remem- 
ber in his kingdom al- 
ways, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then the Choir fnisheth 
the Cherubimic Hymn : 

That we may raise 
on high the King of 
all, like conqueror on 
shield and spears, by 
the Angelic Hosts in- 
visibly upborne. 

Then the Deacon 
shall enter in 
through the Holy 
Door, and shall 
take his stand on 
the right, and shall 
say to the Priest, 
as the latter enter- 
eth: 

May the Lord 
God remember thy 
.priesthood in his 
kingdom. 

And the Priest shall 
say to him ; 

May the Lord 
God remember thy 
diaconate in his 
kingdom always, 
now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 



cometh forward in the Sanctuary \ to the Holy 
Door, and taketh the holy paten from the 
Deacon. 

{Deacon. Thy Bishopric may the Lord 
God remember in his kingdom always, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages.) 

And exclaimeth : 

Our most God-fearing Sovereign, N., 
the Emperor of All the Russias, and all 
the Reigning House, may the Lord God 
remember in his kingdom always, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

The Bishop, having placed the paten on the Al- 
tar, censeth the chalice, and taketh it from the 
Priest. 

{Priest. Thy Bishopric may the Lord 
God remember in his kingdom always, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. — Bishop. 
Thy priesthood may the Lord God remem- 
ber in his kingdom always, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages.) 

Bishop. The Most Holy Governing Sy- 
nod may the Lord God remember in his 
kingdom always, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

The right Reverend Patriarchs, Metro- 
politans, Archbishops, Bishops, and all or- 
ders of the clergy and of monks may the 
Lord God remember in his kingdom always, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

The Faithful Governing Councils, and 
Commanders of the Army, Chiefs of Cities, 
and the Christ-loving Army and the Navy 



to 



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Then the Priest shall 
set the holy chalice 
upon the Holy Al- 
tar \ to the right; 
taking the holy 
paten from the 
head of the Deo- 
con, he shall place 
it also upon the 
Holy Altar, to the 
left, saying ; 






THE DIVINE LITURGY 

{and the Ruler of the land, if in a foreign 
country, N.), may the Lord God remember 
in his kingdom always, now, and ever,, and 
unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

And all Clergy enter the Sanctuary. 

The Bishop shall set the holy chalice upon the 
Holy Altar, saying : 



97 






Noble Joseph, when he had taken thy pure Body from the tree, 
did wrap it in fine linen and spices, and sorrowing did lay it in a 
new sepulchre. ' 

In the Grave with the body, but in Hell with the soul, in that 
thou art God ; in Paradise with the thief, and on the throne with 
the Father and the Spirit, wast thou, O Christ, filling all things, in 
that thou art infinite. 

How life-giving, how than Paradise more fair and, of a truth, 
more splendid than any king's chamber, O Christ, is shown forth 
thy tomb, the fountain of our resurrection. 

Then shall he take the veils from the holy paten and the holy chalice, and 
shall lay them on one side of the Holy Altar; and having taken the air 
from tie Deacon's shoulder, and censed it, he shall cover therewith the 
Holy Gifts, and shall say : 

Noble Joseph, when he had taken thy pure Body from the tree, 
did wrap it in fine linen and spices, and sorrowing did lay it in a 
new sepulchre. 

Then taking the censer from the hands of the Deacon, he shall thrice cense 
the Holy Gifts, saying : 

Exalt thou Zion in thy favour, O Lord, and let the walls of Jeru- 
salem be built Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifice of 
righteousness, with sacrifices and burnt-offerings ; then shall they 
offer young bullocks upon thine altar. 

Then he shall give the censer to the 
Deacon, and shall bow his head, 
saying : 



Remember me, O brother, and 
fellow-minister. 

And the Deacon shall say to him ; 

May the Lord God remember 
thy priesthood in his kingdom. 

The Deacon also, bowing his head, 
and holding his stole with three 

fingers of his right hand, shall say 
to the Priest ; 

Pray for me, holy Master. 



ft 



If a Bishop be the celebrant, he BUfeop. 
saith to those who serve with 
him : 

Brethren, fellow-servitors, Ab- 
bots and Priests; pray for me. 



And they all answer : 



i 

* 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



complete our prayer 
unto the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have 
mercy. 

For these Holy 
Elements now spread 
forth, let us pray to 
the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have 
mercy. 

For this holy Tem- 
ple, and for all those 
who with faith, de- 
voutness, and in the 
fear of God have en- 
tered therein, let us 
pray to the Lord. 

Choir Lord, have 
mercy. 

That he will deliver 
us from all tribula- 
tion, wrath, peril and 
necessity, let us pray 
to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have 
mercy. 

Succour us, save 
us, have mercy upon 
us, and keep us, O 
God, by thy grace. 

Choir Lord, have 
mercy. 

A day all-perfect, 
holy, peaceful and 
sinless, let us beseech 
of the Lord. 



The Priest (or all the Clergy). May the Holy Spirit come upon 
thee, and the power of the Most High overshadow thee. 

Deacon. May the Holy Spirit himself minister together with us, 
and with you, all the days of our life. 

And again: Pray I Bishop. May the Lord direct your steps, 
for me, holy Master, j Clergy. Remember us, holy Master. 

Bishop or Priest. May the Lord God remember you (thee) gg^ 
in his kingdom always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. £2^^^ 

Deacon. Let us 

The Bishop blesseih with the dikiri and trikiri, 
while the Choir chanteth : Eis polld £ti, D&pota. 

The Bishops or Priest^ secretly. x 

O Lord God Almighty, who alone art holy; 
who acceptest the sacrifice of praise from 
those who call upon thee with their whole 
heart : Accept also the prayer of us sinners, 
and bear it to thy holy Altar ; and enable us 
to offer unto thee gifts and spiritual sacri- 
fices for our sins and for the errors which 
thy people have committed through igno- 
rance. And graciously grant us to obtain 
grace in thy sight, that our sacrifice may be 
acceptable unto thee ; and that the good 
spirit of thy grace may rest upon us, and 
upon these Holy Gifts, now offered up unto 
thee, and upon all thy people. 



[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be 
used: 

O Lord our God, who hast created us, and 
hast brought us into this life ; who hast shown 
us the way of salvation, graciously bestowing 
upon us the revelation of heavenly Mysteries : 
Thou art he who hath appointed us to this 
ministry in the power of thy Holy Spirit. 
Graciously grant us, therefore, O Lord, to 
be servitors of thy new Covenant, minis- 
ters of thy Holy Mysteries. Accept us who 
draw near to thy holy Altar, according to 
the plenitude of thy mercy, that we may be 
worthy to offer unto thee this reasonable and 
unbloody sacrifice for our own sins, and for 
the errors of thy people : which do thou ac- 
cept upon thy holy, and heavenly, and super- 
sensual Altar for the savour of a sweet odour. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 

Send down upon us the grace of thy Holy 
Spirit. Look upon us, O God, and behold 
this our service, and accept it as thou didst 
accept the gifts of Abel, the sacrifices of 
Noah, the burnt-offerings of Abraham, the 
priestly offices of Moses and Aaron, the 
peace-offerings of Samuel. Even as thou 
didst accept at the hands of the holy Apos- 
tles this true ministry, so also do thou in thy 
beneficence, O Lord, accept from the hands 
of us sinners these gifts ; that having been 
accounted worthy blamelessly to minister at 
thy holy Altar, we may receive the recom- 
pense of wise and faithful stewards, in the 
terrible day of thy just requiting.] 



99 



r 



Choir. Grant it, O 
Lord. 

An Angel of Peace, 
the faithful guide and 
guardian both of our 
souls and bodies, let 
us beseech of the 
Lord. 

Choir. Grant it, O 
Lord. 

The pardon and re- 
mission of our sins 
and transgressions, 
let us beseech of the 
Lord. 

Choir Grant it, O 
Lord. 

All things which are profitable to our souls and bodies, and peace 
to the world, let us beseech of the Lord. 

Choir Grant it, O Lord. 

That we may pass the residue of our life in peace and penitence, let 
us beseech of the Lord. 

Choir Grant it, O Lord. 

A Christian ending to our life, painless, blameless, peaceful ; and a 
good defence before the dread Judgment Seat of Christ, let us beseech 
of the Lord. 

Choir Grant it, O Lord. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation, 

Through the bounties of thine Only-begotten Son, with whom thou 
art glorified, together with the most holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Choir And with thy spirit. 

Deacoiu Let us love one another, that with one accord we may con- 
fess : 

Choir Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, the Trinity, one in Essence 
and undivided. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



Deacon. The Doors ! The Doors ! 
Wisdom ! Let us attend. (18) 

The Symbol of thb Faith. 

Choir. I believe in one God the 
Father Almighty, Maker of heaven 
and earth, And of all things visible and 
invisible : 

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the 
only-begotten Son of God, Begotten 
of bis Father before all worlds ; Light 
of Light, Very God of very God, 
Begotten, not made; Being of one 
Essence with the Father; By whom 
all things were made; Who, for us 
men, and for our salvation, came down 
from heaven, And was incarnate by 
the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, 
And was made man. And was cruci- 
fied also for us under Pontius Pilate, 
and suffered and was buried. And the 
third day he rose again, according to 
the Scriptures. And ascended into 
heaven, And sitteth on the right hand 
of the Father. And he shall come 
again with glory to judge both the 
quick and the dead ; Whose kingdom 
shall have no end. 

And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord 
and Giver of Life, Who proceedeth 
from the Father, Who with the Father 
and the Son together is worshipped 
and glorified, Who spake by the Pro- 
phets. In one Holy Catholic and 
Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one 
Baptism for the remission of sins. 
I look for the Resurrection of the 
dead, And the Life of the world to 
come. Amen. 

Deacon {or Priest). Let us stand 
aright, let us stand with fear, that we 
may offer in peace the Holy Oblation. 

Choir A mercy of peace, a sacrifice 
of praise. 



The Priest shall do reverence^ 
and shall say privately, 
within himself: 

I will love thee, O Lord 
my strength ; the Lord is 
my firm foundation, and my 
deliverer. ( Thrice) 

And he shall kiss the Holy 
Gifts, they being still covered ; 
first the top of the holy paten, 
and likewise the top of the 
holy chalice, and the edge of 
the Holy Altar before him. 
If there be several Priests, 
they shall both kiss all the 
Holy Things, and each other 
on the shoulder. 

And if a Bishop be the cele- 
brant, he saithy secretly, as he 
kisseth the paten: O Holy 
God ; and the holy chalice : 
O Holy Mighty ; and the Holy 
Altar: O Holy Immortal 
One, have mercy upon us. 

Then the Bishop or Priest shall 
say: 

Christ is in the midst of us. 

And having been kissed on the 
shoulder and on the hand, he 
is answered: 

He is and shall be. 

The Priest shall fan the Holy 
Elements with the air. If 
several Priests take part in 
the service, they shall all fan 
the Holy Elements with the 
air, in like manner, and 
shall repeat, as do the Peo- 
ple also, the Symbol of the 
Faith. 

Then the Priest shall take the 
air from the Holy Elements, 
and having kissed it, he shall 
lay it aside. 



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ior 



Priest The grace of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, and the love of God, and the 
fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with 
you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Priest {pointing upward). Lift up your hearts. 

Choir We lift them up unto the Lord. 

Priest Let us give thanks unto the Lord. 

Choir Meet and right is it that we 
should adore the Father, the Son, and 
the Holy Spirit, the Trinity, one in 
Essence and undivided 



If a Bishop celebraieth, as Uafcep. 
he saith this he turneth to the 
People, and blesseth with the 
dikiri and the trikiri. 



The (Bishop) Priest shall offer 
this Prayer, secretly. 



It is meet and right that 
we should laud thee, bless 
J thee, praise thee, give thanks 
unto thee, and adore thee in all places of thy dominion : for thou art 
God ineffable, incomprehensible, invisible, inconceivable; thou art 
from everlasting and art changeless, thou, and thine Only-begotten 
Son, and thy Holy Spirit Thou frfcm nothingness hast called us into 
being ; and when we had fallen away from thee, thou didst raise us 
up again ; and thou hast not ceased to do all things until thou hadst 
brought us back to heaven, and hadst endowed us with thy kingdom 
which is to come. For all which things we give thanks unto thee, and 
thine Only-begotten Son, and thy Holy Spirit ; for all the things 
whereof we know, and whereof we know not; for all thy benefits 
bestowed upon us, both manifest and unseen. And we render thanks 
unto thee for this ministry which thou dost deign to accept at our 
hands, although before thee stand thousands of Archangels and 
myriads of Angels, with the Cherubim, and Seraphim, six-winged, 
many-eyed, who soar aloft, borne on their pinions. 

[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used, this Prayer: 
O thou who in verity existest, Master, Lord God, Father Almighty 
adorable : Meet is it, in truth, and just and befitting the majesty of thy 
holiness, that we should magnify thee, praise thee, bless thee, adore 
thee, give thanks unto thee and glorify thee, the only God which 
verily existeth, and offer unto thee, with contrite heart and hum- 
bleness of spirit, this our reasonable service : for it is thou who hast 
graciously bestowed upon us the knowledge of thy truth. And who 
hath power enough to express thy mighty acts, to make all thy 
praises to be heard, or to utter forth all thy wonders at all times, O 
Master? O Sovereign Master of all things, Lord of heaven and earth, 
and of all created things both visible and invisible ; who sittest on the 
throne of glory and beholdest the depths ; who art from everlasting, 
invisible, inscrutable, ineffable, immutable, the Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, our great God and the Saviour, our. hope, who is the 
image of thy goodness, the seal of equal type, in himself showing 
forth thee, the Father, the living Word, the true God, the Wisdom 






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102 



THE DIVINE LITURGY 



before all the ages, the Life, the Sanctification, the Might, and the 
true Light, through whom, also, the Holy Spirit was manifested ; the 
Spirit of Truth, the Gift of Adoption, the Earnest of an inheritance 
to come, the First-fruits of eternal good things, the life-giving Power, 
the Fountain of holiness ; by whom enabled every creature en- 
dowed with reason and intelligence doth serve thee, and evermore 
doth send up unto thee an everlasting tribute of praise; for all 
things are thy servants. For Angels and Archangels, Thrones, Do- 
minions, Principalities, Authorities, Powers, and the many-eyed Cher- 
ubim do laud thee. Before thee, round about, stand the Seraphim, 
having each six wings ; for with twain do they cover their faces, and 
with twain their feet, and with twain do they fly, crying one to another 
continually, with never-ceasing praises.] 

The Deacon now taking the holy star-cover from 
the holy paten, shall make the sign of the 
cross above it, and shall kiss it, and lay it on 
one side. He shall then go and stand on the 
right of the Holy Altar. 

The Priest pray eth, secretly. 

And we also, O Lord who lovest man- 
kind, in company with these blessed Powers 
do cry aloud and say: Holy art thou, and 
all-holy thou, and thine Only-begotten 
Son, and thy Holy Spirit ; holy and all- 
holy and majestic is thy glory. Who hast so 
loved thy world that thou gavest thine Only- 
begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on 
him should not perish, but should have ever- 
lasting life; who, when he had come and 
had performed all the dispensation for us, in 
the night in which he was given up, — in the 
which, rather, he did give himself for the life of the world, — took 
bread in his holy and pure and sinless hands; and when he had 
given thanks, and blessed it, and so sanctified it, he gave it to his 
holy disciples and apostles, saying : 

[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used, this Prayer; 

With these blessed Powers, O Master who lovest mankind, we 
sinners also do cry aloud and say : Holy art thou, of a truth, and all- 
holy, and there are no bounds to the majesty of thy holiness, and just 
art thou in all thy works ; for in righteousness and true judgment 
hast thou ordered all things for us. When thou hadst created man, 
and hadst fashioned him from the dust of the earth, and hadst hon- 
oured him with thine own image, O God, thou didst set him in the 
midst of a Paradise of plenty, promising him life eternal and the 
enjoyment of everlasting good things in keeping thy commandments. 



Exclamation, 

Priest Singing the 
triumphant song, cry- 
ing, calling aloud,and 
saying ; 

Choir. Holy, holy, 
holy, Lord of Sab- 
aoth ; heaven and 
earth are full of thy 
glory : Hosanna in 
the highest: Blessed 
is he that cometh 
in the Name of the 
Lord. Hosanna in the 
highest. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 103 

But when he disobeyed thee, the true God, who had created him, 
and was led astray by the guile of the serpent, and rendered sub- 
ject to death through his own transgressions, thou didst banish him, 
in thy righteous judgment, O God, from Paradise into this present 
world, and didst turn him again to the earth from which he was 
taken, providing for him the salvation of regeneration, which is in 
thy Christ himself. For thou didst not turn thyself away forever 
from thy creature, whom thou hadst made, O Good One, neither 
didst thou forget the work of thy hands ; but thou didst visit him in 
divers manners, through the tender compassion of thy mercy. Thou 
didst send forth Prophets ; thou didst perform mighty works by thy 
Saints who, in every generation, were well-pleasing unto thee ; thou 
didst speak to us by the mouths of thy servants the Prophets, who 
foretold unto us the salvation which was to come; thou didst give 
us the Law to aid us; thou didst appoint guardian Angels. And 
when the fulness of time was come, thou didst speak unto us 
by thy Son himself, by whom also thou madest the ages ; who, being 
the Brightness of thy glory, and the Express Image of thy Person, 
and upholding all things by the word of his power, thought it 
no robbery to be equal to thee, the God and Father. But albeit 
he was God before all the ages, yet he appeared upon earth and 
dwelt among men ; and was incarnate of a Holy Virgin, and did 
lay aside his godhead, taking on the form of a servant, and becom- 
ing conformed to the fashion of our lowliness, that he might make 
us conformable to the image of his glory. For as by man sin entered 
into the world, and by sin death, so it seemed good unto thine 
Only-begotten Son, who is in thy bosom, our God and Father, to 
be born of a woman, the holy Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin 
Mary; to be born under the Law, that he might condemn sin in the 
flesh ; that they who were dead in Adam might be made alive in 
thy Christ. And becoming a dweller in this world, and giving 
commandments of salvation, he released us from the delusions of 
idols, and brought us unto a knowledge of thee, the true God and 
Father, having won us unto himself for a peculiar people, a royal 
priesthood, a holy nation ; and having purified us with water, and 
sanctified us with his Holy Spirit, he gave himself a ransom to 
Death, whereby we were held, sold into bondage under sin. And 
having descended into Hell through the Cross, that he might fill all 
things with himself, he loosed the pains of death, and rose again 
from the dead on the third day, making a way for all flesh through 
the Resurrection from the dead — for it was not possible that the 
Author of Life should be holden of corruption — that he might be 
the first-fruits of those who have fallen asleep, the first-born from 
the dead ; and be shall be all things, the first in all things. And 
ascending into heaven, he sat down at the right band of thy Ma- 
jesty on high ; and he shall come again to render unto every man 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



r 



r 



according to his works. And he hath left with us, as memorials of his 
saving Passion, these Things which we have spread forth according 
to his commandment. For when he was about to go forth to his 
voluntary, and ever-memorable, and life-creating death, in the night 
in which he gave himself for the life of the world, he took bread in 
his holy and stainless hands, and when he had shown it unto thee, 
his God and Father, he gave thanks, blessing it, sanctifying it, and 
breaking it, he gave it to his holy disciples and apostles, saying :] 

Exclamation. 

Priest Take> eat, this is my Body which is broken for you, for the 
remission of sins. 

As he saith this, the Deacon shall point out the holy paten to the Priest, 
holding his stole with three fingers of his right hand. 

Priest. And in like manner, after supper he took the cup, 
saying: 

As he saith this, the Deacon pointeth to the holy chalice. 

[At the Liturgy op St. Basil the Great : 

The Priest, secretly. 

In like manner, having taken the cup of the fruit of the vine, and 
mingled it, given thanks, blessed it, and sanctified it, 

Exclamation. 

He gave it to his holy disciples and apostles, saying :] 

Exclamation. 

Priest. Drink ye all of this : for this is my Blood of the New Testa- 
ment, which is shed for you, and for many, for the remission of sins. 

The Priest^ secretly. 

Bearing in remembrance, therefore, this commandment of salva- 
tion, and all those things which came to pass for us ; the Cross, the 
Grave, the Resurrection on the third day, the Ascension into 
Heaven, the Sitting on the right hand, the Second and glorious 
Coming-again : 

\pr, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used: 

This do, in remembrance of me : for as often as ye shall eat this 
Bread and drink of this Cup ye do prooiaim my death and confess 
my Resurrection. 

Wherefore, we also, O Master, having in remembrance his re- 
deeming Passion and life-giving Cross, his three days' Burial, and 
his Resurrection from the dead, his Ascension into Heaven, and his 
Sitting on the, right hand of thee, the God and Father, and his 
glorious and terrible Coming-again :] 






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THE DIVINE LITURGY 105 

Exclamation. 

Priest. Thine own, of thine own, we offer unto thee, in behalf of all, 
and for all 

Here the Deacon, crossing his hands, shall lift up the holy paten and the holy 
chalice, and making with them the sign of the cross, he shall himself make a 
humble reverence. 



Choir. We praise 
thee, we bless thee, 
we give thanks unto 
thee, O Lord, and we 
pray unto thee, O 
our God. 



The Priest prayeth, secretly. 

Again we offer unto thee this reasonable 
and unbloody service. And we beseech and 
implore thee, and offer our supplications 
unto thee, that thou wilt send thy Holy 
Spirit upon us, and upon these Gifts here 
spread forth. 

[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used: 

Wherefore, O all-holy Master, we also, thy sinful and unworthy 
servants, whom thou hast graciously permitted to minister at thy 
holy Altar, not through our own righteousness (for we have done 
no good deed on earth), but because of thy mercies and bounties, 
which thou hast richly poured out upon us, now have boldness to 
draw near unto this, thy holy Altar ; and presenting unto thee the 
holy emblems of the sacred Body and Blood of thy Christ, we pray 
thee and implore thee, O Holy of Holies, by the favour of thy 
goodness, that thy Holy Spirit may descend upon us, and upon 
these Gifts here spread forth before thee, and bless them, and 
sanctify and manifest them.] 

Then the Deacon shall approach the Priest ; and standing side by side, they 
shall both make three lowly reverences before the Holy Altar, praying 
silently thus : 

Priest. O Lord, who at the Third Hour didst send down upon 
thine Apostles thy Holy Spirit : Take not the same from us, O Good 
One, but renew it in us who make our supplications unto thee. 

Deacon. Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit 
within me. 

Priest. O Lord, who at the Third Hour . . . 

Deacon. Cast me not away from thy presence, and take not thy 
Holy Spirit from me. 

Priest. O Lord, who at the Third Hour . . . 

Then the Deacon, bowing his head and pointing with his stole to the Holy 
Bread, shall say : 



And the Priest, standing erect, shall sign the Holy Bread with the sign of 
the cross, and shall say : 



Co 

3 



Bless, Master, the Holy Bread, 

And the Priest, standing erect, shall 
the cross, and shall say : 

And make this bread the precious Body of thy Christ 

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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



[CV, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used: 

For this bread is in very truth the precious Body of our Lord, 
and God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ.] 

Deacon. Amen. Bless, Master, the holy chalice. 

And the Priest shall bless it, and shall say : 

And make that which is in this chalice the precious Blood of thy 
Christ. 

[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the (}reat be used: 

For this chalice, in very truth the precious Blood of our Lord, and 
God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ (Deacon. Amen), which was poured 
out for the life of the world.] 

Deacon, Amen. 

And again, the Deacon, pointing to both the Holy Elements, shall say : 

Master, bless both. 

And the Pries t, blessing both, shall say : 

Transmuting them by thy Holy Spirit. 
Deacon, Amen, amen, amen. 



And bowing his head to the Priest, 
the Deacon shall say : 

Bear me in remembrance, holy 
Master. 

A nd the Priest shall say: 

May the Lord God remember 
thee in his kingdom always, now 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Deacon. Amen. 



If a Bishop be the celebrant, the 
Proto-Deacon saith : 

Bear us in remembrance, holy 
Master. 

Bishop, May the Lord God 
remember you in his kingdom 
always, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Priest and Deacon, Amen. 



And if a Priest hath been ordained at this same Liturgy, the Bishop now bid- 
deth him to draw near, and taking the Holy Breaa\and breaking the por- 
tion XCfrom the top thereof where the cross is, he giveth it to him, saying : 

Receive thou this pledge, and preserve it whole and unharmed 
until thy last breath, because thou shalt be held to an accounting 
therefor in the second and terrible Coming of our great Lord, God, 
and Saviour, Jesus Christ. 

And taking it, the Priest kisseth the Bishop's hand, and withdrawing he 
standeth behind the Holy Altar ; and placing his hand on the Holy Altar, 
he prayeth, saying : 



Have mercy upon me, O God. 



(Psalm li,). 



And when : Holy things to the holy : is to be said, he who hath received Or- 
dination res tore th the Bread, ana the Bishop layeth it on the holy paten ; 
and the newly ordained Priest is communicated before the other Priests. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 107 

The Priest prayeth. 

That to those who shall partake thereof they may be unto sober- 
ness of soul, unto the remission of sins, unto the fellowship of thy Holy 
Spirit, unto the fulfilling of the kingdom of Heaven, and unto bold- 
ness toward thee ; and not unto judgment or unto condemnation. 

And again we offer unto thee this our reasonable service, for all 
thy servants departed this life before us in the faith; for our an- 
cestors, fathers, the Patriarchs, Prophets, Apostles, Preachers, Evan- 
gelists, Martyrs, Confessors, Ascetics ; and for every righteous soul 
who hath died in the faith : 



1 



[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used: 

And unite all us who partake of the one Bread and the one Cup, 
one to another in the communion of the Holy Spirit; and grant 
that no one of us may partake of that holy Body and Blood of thy 
Christ unto judgment or unto condemnation ; but that we may find 
mercy and grace, together with all the Saints who, in all the ages, 
have been acceptable unto thee, our ancestors, fathers, the Patri- 
archs, Apostles, Preachers, Evangelists, Martyrs, Confessors, Teach- 
ers ; and with the spirits of just men made perfect in the faith :] 

And the Deacon shall cense the Holy Altar round about \ and shall make men- 
Hon of the living and of the deaa. 

Then the Priest shall say, aloud : 

Especially our most holy, all-undefiled, most blessed and glorious 
Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary : 

And Saint John, the Prophet, Forerunner and Baptist ; the holy, 
glorious and all-laudable Apostles ; Saint N. {the Saint of the day) % 
whose memory we commemorate ; and all thy Saints : through 
whose prayers visit thou us, O God, and call to remembrance all 
those who have fallen asleep in the hope of Resurrection unto life 
eternal. 

{Here he maketh mention of the Names, in the order of their rank.) 
If it be at the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom : 



Choir. Meet is it, 
in truth, to bless thee, 
the Birth-giver of 
God, ever - blessed, 
and all-undefiled, and 
the Mother of our 
God. More honour- 
able than the Cheru- 
bim, and beyond com- 
pare more glorious 
than the Seraphim, 



Furthermore we beseech thee, O Lord, 
that thou wilt call to remembrance all 
Bishoprics of Orthodox Christians, which 
rightly dispense the word of thy truth ; all 
the Priesthood, the Diaconate in Christ, and 
every order of the Clergy. 

Furthermore we offer unto thee this our 
reasonable worship on behalf of the whole 
universe ; of the Holy Catholic and Apostolic 
Church ; of those who continue in chastity 
and soberness of life ; of our most God-fear- 



IP 



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ioB 

thou who without de- 
filement barest God 
the Word, true Birth- 
giver of God, we mag- 
nify thee. 



rJy 



THE DIVINE LITU 

ing Sovereign, N. {in Russia, the Emperor 
of All the Russias) ; and all the Reigning 
House, and all their Council and Army and 
Navy. Grant unto them, O Lord, a peaceful 
reign, and that we, through their tranquillity, 
may pass our time in rest and quietness, in 
all godliness and soberness of life. 



[But if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used: 



And give them rest where the light of thy 
countenance shall visit them. 

Have in remembrance, also, O Lord, we 
beseech thee, thy Holy Catholic and Apos- 
tolic Church, which is from end to end of the 
Universe ; and give peace unto Her whom 
thou hast purchased with the precious Blood 
of thy Christ : and establish thou firmly this 
holy Temple, even unto the end of the 
world. Remember, O Lord, those who have 
offered unto thee these Gifts ; and those 
for whom, and by whom, and in behalf of 
whom they have offered them. 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, those 
who bear fruit and do good works in thy 
holy churches, and those who are mindful of 
the poor. Requite them with thy rich and 
heavenly gifts. Give them things heavenly 
for things earthly; things eternal for things 
temporal ; things incorruptible for things 
corruptible. 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, those who 
are in the deserts, and mountains, and cav- 
erns, and in the subterranean pits of the 
earth. 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, all those 
who continue in virginity and godliness, 
and in asceticism and devoutness of life. 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, our most 
God-fearing and Christ-loving Sovereign, 
N. [in Russia, the Emperor of All the Russias), to whom thou 
hast given the right to reign in the earth. Crown him with the 
armour of truth, with the panoply of contentment. Overshadow his 
head in the day of bdttle. Strengthen his arm, exalt his right hand ; 
make mighty his kingdom ; subdue under him all barbarous nations 
which seek wars ; grant unto him peace profound and inviolate ; 
inspire his heart with good deeds toward thy Church, and toward 



Choir. In thee re- 
joiceth, O thou who 
art full of Grace, 
every created being, 
the Hierarchy of the 
Angels, and all man- 
kind, O Consecrated 
Temple and super- 
sensual Paradise, 
Glory of Virgin^, of 
whom God, who is 
our God before all the 
ages, was incarnate 
and became a little 
child. For he made 
of thy womb a throne, 
and thy belly did he 
make more spacious 
than the heavens. In 
thee doth all Crea- 
tion rejoice, O thou 
who art full of Glory : 
Glory to thee. 

Or, at the different 
Feasts, there shall be 
sung the appointed 
Hymn to the Birth- 
giver of God. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 109 

all thy people ; that through his serenity we may lead a quiet and 
tranquil life, in all godliness and soberness. Remember, also, O 
Lord, all the Reigning House. 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, all Rulers and Authorities, as 
also our brethren who are in their Council ; and all their Army and 
Navy. In their goodness, preserve thou the good, and through 
thine own goodness make thou the evil good. 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, this congregation here present, 
and those who are absent for reasonable cause ; and have mercy 
upon them and upon us, according to the multitude of thy mercies. 
Fill their treasuries with every good thing; maintain their marriage- 
bond in peace and concord ; rear the infants ; guide the young ; sup- 
port the aged ; encourage the faint-hearted. Collect the scattered, 
and turn them from their wandering astray, and unite them to thy 
Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. Set at liberty those who are 
vexed by unclean spirits ; voyage with those who voyage, journey 
with those who journey ; defend the widows ; protect the orphans ; 
free the captives ; heal the sick. Have in remembrance those who 
are under trial, and in the mines, and in exile, and in bitter slavery, 
and in all affliction, distress and tribulation. 

Have in remembrance, O God, all those who invoke thy great 
loving-kindness ; those also who love us, and those who hate us, 
and those who have enjoined us, unworthy though we are, that we 
should pray for them ; and all thy people, O Lord our God : And 
upon them all pour out thy rich mercy, granting unto all such of 
their petitions as are unto salvation. And those whom we, through 
ignorance, or forgetfulness, or the multitude of names, have not 
remembered, do thou thyself call to mind, O God, who knowest 
the age and the name of each, and knowest every man even from 
his mother's womb. For thou, O Lord, art the Helper of the 
helpless, the Hope of the hopeless, the Saviour of the storm- 
tossed, the Haven of the voyager, the Healer of the sick. Be 
thyself all things unto all men, O thou who knowest every man, 
his petition, his abode, and his need. Deliver, O Lord, this city, and 
every city and land from famine, plague, earthquake, flood, fire, 
sword, the invasion of enemies, and from civil war.] 



And when the Hymn 
is finished, the Priest 
shall say, aloud : 

Among the first 
have in remembrance, 
O Lord, the Most 
Holy Governing Syn- 
od {or Patriarch) ; 
and grant that they 
{or he) may rightly 



If a Bishop be the celebrant, the Proto-Deaeon, 
standing at the Holy Door, and looking on ™*°** 
the People* saith : 

And all the people. 
Choir. And all the people. 



And the Bishop reciteth the Prayer'for the Synod: 
Among the first . . . 

The Senior Priest then saith : 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, our Right 



bo 

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dispense unto thy 
Church the word of 
thy truth, in peace, 
safety, health, honour 
and length of days. 

And the Choir singeth : 

And all the people. 



Reverend Bishop, N., granting that in peace, 
safety, honour, health and length of days 
he may guide thy holy Church, rightly ad- 
ministering the word of thy truth. 

He kisseth the Bishop's mitre, and the Bishop, 
blessing him, saith : 

May the Lord have in remembrance thy 
priesthood. 
The Senior Deacon, turning to the People (in Russia) : 

The Most Holy Governing Synod, and the Right Reverend N., 
who offereth these Holy Elements unto the Lord our God. 

For the salvation of our most God-fearing Sovereign, N., Em- 
peror of All the Russias ; and for all the Reigning House ; and for 
all their Council and Army and Navy. 

Choir. And for all the people. 

The Deacon then commemorateth the living, while the Priest prayeth, secretly. 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, this city in which we dwell ; and 
every city and country, and all those who with faith dwell therein. 
Have in remembrance, O Lord, all those who journey by sea or by 
land, all sick persons and sufferers and captives, and their salvation. 
Have in remembrance, O Lord, those who bear fruit and do good 
works in thy holy Churches, and those who are mindful of the 
poor ; and send down thy grace upon us all 

[If the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used, this Prayer is said, 
secretly : 

Priest. Have in remembrance, O Lord, every Bishopric of the 
Orthodox which rightly administereth the word of thy truth. 

Have rh remembrance, also, O Lord, my unworthiness, according 
to the multitude of thy bounties ; pardon me every transgression, 
whether voluntary or involuntary, and withhold not, because of my 
sins, the grace of thy Holy Spirit from the Gifts now spread forth 
unto thee. 

Have in remembrance, O Lord, the Priesthood, as also the 
Diaconate in Christ, and all sacerdotal orders, and put not to con- 
fusion any one of us who stand about thy holy Altar. Visit us with 
thy loving-kindness, O Lord ; manifest thyself unto us in thy rich 
bounties. Vouchsafe unto us temperate and healthful seasons. 
Give gentle showers upon the earth, unto fruitfulness. Bless the 
crown of the year of thy beneficence. Make schisms to cease in the 
Church. Quench the ragings of the nations ; speedily destroy, by 
the might of thy Holy Spirit, all uprisings of heresies. Receive us all 
into thy kingdom, making us children of the light and of the day ; 
and grant unto us thy peace, and thy love, O Lord our God ; for all 
things hast thou given unto us.] 



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in 



oouar* 
artalJMd. 



? 



Exclamation. 

Priest And grant that with one mouth and one heart we may glorify 
and praise thine all-honourable and majestic Name, of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

And turning to the People and blessing them, the Priest saith : 

And may the mercy of the great God, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ, 
be with you all 

Choir. And with thy spirit. h*k dm. 

And the Deacon shall stand at his accustomed place, and shall say 

Calling to remembrance all the Saints, again, yet again, in 
peace let us pray to the Lord. ft 

For the Precious Gifts which have been offered and sanctified, 
let us pray to the Lord. ft 

That our God, who loveth mankind, will accept them upon his 
holy, and most heavenly, and supersensual Altar, for an odour of 
spiritual fragrance ; and will send down upon us in return his divine 
grace and the gift of his Holy Spirit, let us pray to the Lord. ft 

That he will deliver us from all tribulation, wrath, peril and 
necessity, let us pray to the Lord. ft 

The Priest prayeth, secretly. 

Unto thee do we commit our whole 
life and hope, O Lord, who lovest man- 
kind. And we entreat thee, and beseech 
thee, and implore thee : Vouchsafe that 
we may partake of thy heavenly and ter- 
rible Mysteries, of this sacred and spirit- 
ual food, with a pure conscience, unto 
the remission of our sins, unto the pardon 
of our transgressions, unto the commun- 
ion of the Holy Spirit, unto inheritance 
of the kingdom of Heaven, and unto 
boldness toward thee; not unto judgment 
or condemnation. 



Succour us, save us, 
have mercy upon us, and 
keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord , have 
mercy. 

A day all-perfect, 
holy, peaceful and 
sinless, let us beseech 
of the Lord. 

Choir. Grant it, O 
Lord. 

An Angel , of 
Peace, the faithful 
guide and guardian 
both of our souls and 
bodies, let us beseech 
of the Lord, ft 

The pardon and re- 
mission of our sins 
and transgressions, 
let us beseech of the 
Lord ft 

All things which 



a- 

SP 

51 



[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great 
be used : 

O our God, the God of salvation, do 
thou teach us how we may worthily give 
thanks unto thee for thy benefits, which 
thou hast ever bestowed and yet dost be- 
stow upon us. Do thou, O our God, who 
acceptest these Gifts, purify us from 
every defilement of flesh and spirit, and 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



are profitable to our 
souls, and peace to 
the world, let us be- 
seech of the Lord. Tfr 

That we may pass 
the residue of our life 
in peace and peni- 
tence, let us beseech 
of the Lord. I£ 

A Christian ending 
to our life, painless, 
blameless, peaceful ; 
and a good defence 
before the dread 
Judgment Seat of 
Christ, let us beseech 
of the Lord. # 

Having made our peti- 
tion for the unity of the 
faith, and the commun- 
ion of the Holy Spirit, let 
us commend ourselves, 
and each other, and all 
our life unto Christ our 
God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 



teach us to perfect holiness in thy fear ; 
that we, receiving a portion of thy Holy 
Things in the witness of a pure con- 
science toward thee, may be made one 
with the holy Body and Blood of thy 
Christ ; and that having received them 
worthily, we may have Christ abiding 
in our hearts, and may become a Temple 
of thy Holy Spirit. 

Yea, O our God, cause also that none 
of us may be guilty of these thy terrible 
and heavenly Mysteries, or sick in soul 
or in body through an unworthy partak- 
ing of the same : but enable us, even unto 
our last breath, worthily to receive a por- 
tion of thy Holy Things, which is a sup- 
port upon the road to life eternal, an 
acceptable defence at the dread Judgment 
Seat of thy Christ. That we also, to- 
gether with all the Saints who, in all the 
ages, have been acceptable unto thee, 
may be made partakers of thine everlast- 
ing blessedness, which thou hast prepared 
for those who love thee, O Lord.] 



Exclamation. 



& 

§ 

^ 
^ 



Priest And vouchsafe, O Lord, that boldly and without condemna- 
tion we may call upon thee, God the heavenly Father, and say: 

Here the Deacon bindetk 
his stole about him in the 
The People: form of a cross. (19) 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Eyil One : 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 113 

Deacon. Let us bow our heads unto the Lord. 
Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

The Priest prayeth, secretly. 

We give thanks unto thee, O King invisible, who by thine illimit- 
able power hast made all things, and by the plenitude of thy 
mercy hast- called into being all things from nothingness. Do thou, 
the same Lord, look down from heaven upon those who have bowed 
their heads before thee ; for they have not bowed down unto flesh 
and blood, but unto thee, the terrible God. Do thou, therefore, O 
Lord, render this oblation efficacious to us all, according to the 
individual need of each. Voyage with those who sail upon the 
seas ; journey with those who travel on dry land. Heal the sick, 
O thou who art the healer of our souls and bodies. 

[Or, if the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used, the following 
Prayer: 

O Master, Lord, the Father of bounties, and the God of all com- 
fort, bless, sanctify, guard, strengthen, fortify those who have bowed 
their heads unto thee ; withdraw them from every evil work ; unite 
them to every good work ; and graciously grant that, without con- 
demnation, they may partake of these, thy pure and life-giving 
Mysteries, unto the remission of their sins, and unto the communion 
of the Holy Spirit] 

Exclamation. 

Priest Through the grace, and bounties, and love toward mankind 
of thine Only-begotten Son, with whom thou art blessed, together with 
thine all-holy, good and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

The Priest prayeth, secretly : 

Give heed from thy holy dwelling-place, and from the throne of 
glory of thy kingdom, and come and sanctify us, O Lord Jesus 
Christ our God, who sitfest on high with the Father, and art invis- 
ibly here with us. And deign, with thine own mighty hand, to im- 
part thine all-pure Body and most precious Blood unto us, and 
through us unto all the people. 

Then the Priest shall do homage, and the Deacon, standing before the Holy 
Door, shall repeat, secretly, thrice : 

O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. 

When the Deacon seeth the Priest stretch out his hand and touch the Holy Bread 
in the act of making the Holy Oblation^ he shall say, r , . __ , _ 

loudly: * Here the Holy Door 

J ts closed, and the cur- 

Let US attend. tain is drawn. 



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And the Priest, as he elevate tk the Holy Bread, shall say ; 

Holy things unto the Holy. 

Choir. One only is holy, one only is the Lord, Jesus Christ, in the 
glory of God the Father. Amen. 



Then shall the Choir 
chant the Anthem 
for the Day (or of 
the Saints or of the 
Feast): 

Praise ye the Lord 
from heaven : praise 
him in the height 
Alleluia, 



And the Deacon shall enter the Sanctuary ; and 
standing at the right hand of the Priest, who 
holdeth the Holy Bread, he shall say :' 

Break, Master, the Holy Bread. 

And the Priest, breaking it in four pieces, with 
all needfulness and awe, shall say ; 

Broken and divided is the Lamb of God, 
which is broken, yet not disunited ; which is 
ever eaten, yet never consumed, but sancti- 
fieth those who partake thereof. 

Concerning the Partition of the Holy Lamb. 

After dividing the Holy Lamb, the Priest must place the portions in the 
form of a cross upon the holy paten, with a profound reverence, such as he 
hath made before when censtng. He shall lay the IMC at the upper part of 
the holy paten, which lieth towards the east. The XC shall he place in a 
line beneath it, on that side of the paten which lieth to the west; and the 
NI upon the north side, while the KA shall be opposite, upon the south 
side, as is here set forth. (20) 




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THE DIVINE LITURGY 

When the portion IMC hath been removed, it shall be placed in the holy 
chalice. The portion XC shall be partaken of by the Clergy who take 4>art 
in the Liturgy. The two other portions \ namely, the NI and the Ka, are 
broken for the communion of the laity. And from the portion which repre- 
sented the Holy Birth-giver of God, or from the particles representing the 
nine ranks of the Heavenly Hierarchy, which are upon the holy paten, 
shall no one be communicated: but only from the two portions of the Holy 
Lamb which remain shall the laity be communicated. 

Then the Deacon, pointing with his stole to the holy chalice, shall exclaim : 

Fill, Master, the holy chalice. 

And the Priest, taking the portion IMC from the place where it lieth, shall 
make therewith the sign of the cross above the holy chalice, saying : The 
fulness of the Holy Spirit : and shall place it in the holy chalice. 

Deacon. Amen. (21) 

And taking the warm water, he shall say to the Priest ; 
Bless, Master, the warm water. 

And the Priest shall bless it, saying : 
Blessed is the fervour of thy Saints always, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then the Deacon shall pour into the holy chalice, in the form of a cross, 
what is required, saying : 

The warmth of faith, full of the Holy Spirit. Amen. 

When the divine Blood of the Lord is mingled with the holy warm water, 
it must be done with heed, and in amount according to the number of those 
who desire to receive the Holy Sacrament. 



"5 



The Priest breaketh the portion XC | 
into a number of pieces, correspond \ 
ing to the number of Clergy who ■ 
take part in the Liturgy. j 

Then the Priest saith : 

Deacon, draw near. 

And the Deacon shall approach, and ( 
shall make a devout reverence, en- '\ 
treating forgiveness ; and having '> 
kissed the Altar, he shall say : 

Lo, I draw near unto the King 
Immortal and to God. 

Impart unto me, Master, the 
precious and holy Body of our 
Lord, and God, and Saviour, 
Jesus €hrist. 

And the Priest shall give him a 
portion of the Holy Body, and shall 

say : 

To N., Deacon, is imparted the 



When a Bishop is the celebrant, he 
divideth the portion XC, and hav- 
ing prayed ' ; I believe, O Lord, and 
I confess, that thou art, in very 
truth, the Christ, the Son of the liv- 
ing God : ... he consume th part 
of the portion XC, saying : 

The precious, and all-holy, and 
most pure Body of our Lord, and 
God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ, 
is imparted to me, the unworthy, 
N., Bishop, unto the remission 
of my sins, and unto life eternal. 
(In the Name of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy 
Spirit. Amen.) 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



precious, and holy, and all-pure 
Body of our Lord, and God, and 
Saviour, Jesus Christ, unto the 
remission of his sins, and unto 
life everlasting. 

And the Deacon shall kiss the Pries fs 
hand as he taketh the Holy Body, 
and shall withdraw behind the 
Holy Altar; and bowing his head 
over the Holy A Itar, he shall pray 
like the Priest : 

I believe, O Lord, and I con- 
fess, that thou art, in very truth, 
the Christ, the Son of the living 
God : . . . 

All the Priests ; in the order of their 
seniority, first make an obeisance 
to each other, and to the People ; 
and having besought forgiveness : 
Forgive me, fathers and brethren : 
and kissed the side of the Altar, 
they say : 

Lo, I draw near unto the King 
Immortal, and to God. 

The precious and all-holy Body 
of our Lord, and God, and Sa- 
viour, Jesus Christ, is imparted 
to me, N., Priest, unto the re- 
mission of my sins, and unto life 
everlasting. 

Then each taketh a piece of the Holy 
Body, and bowing low over the 
Holy Altar, and gazing devoutly 
upon the Holy Body of Christ, 
they say privately, each to him- 
self: 

I believe, O Lord, and I con- 
fess, that thou art, in very truth, 
the Christ, the Son of the living 
God, who didst come into the 
world to save sinners, of whom 
I am chief. And I believe that 
this is, of a truth, thine all-pure 
Body, and that this is thine own 
precious Blood. Wherefore, I be- 
seech thee, have mercy upon me, 
and forgive my transgressions, 



Then y taking the sponge, he wipeth 
his hand; and having kissed the 
sponge, he layeth it aside. Ihen, 
taking the holy veil and the chal- 
ice with both hands, he communi- 
cateth himself therefrom thrice, 
saying: 

The precious, and holy, and 
life-giving Blood of our Lord, and 
God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ, is 
imparted to me, the unworthy,* N., 
Bishop, unto the remission of my 
sins, and unto life everlasting. 
(In the Name of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy 
Spirit Amen.) 

Then he wipeth his lips and the 
chalice with the veil which is in 
his hand, saying : 

Lo, this hath touched my lips, 
and shall take away mine ini- 
quities, and shall purge away my 
sins. 

Then kissing the holy chalice, he 
saith : 

Glory to thee, O God. ( Thrice?) 
Proto - Deacon. Archiman- 
drites, Archpriests, Priests, Dea- 
cons, draw near. 

Then the other Clergy approach the 
Bishop in the order of their se- 
niority and kiss the edge of the 
Altar, and having said: 

Lo, I draw near unto the 
King Immortal and to God, 

Impart to me, Right Rever- 
end Master, the precious and 
holy Body of our Lord, and God, 
and Saviour Jesus Christ : 

Each receivethfrom him a portion 
of the Holy Body, the Bisk op lay- 
ing to each : 

To thee, Priest {or Deacon, or 
as his rank may be\ is imparted 
the precious, and all-pure, and 



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117 



immortal Body of our Lord, and 
God, and Saviour Jesus Christ, 
unto the remission of thy sins, 
and unto life everlasting. (In 
the name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 
Amen.) 

And they kiss the hand and the shoul- 
der of the Bishop ; and to his greet- 
ing; 

Christ is in the midst of us, 

They reply; 

He is, and shall be. 

Then he give th to each of them thrice 
the holy chalice, saying ; 

Lo, this hath touched thy lips, 
and shall takeaway thine iniqui- 
ties, and shall purge away thy 
sins. 



whether voluntary or involun- 
tary; whether of word or of 
deed ; whether committed with 
knowledge or in ignorance. And 
vouchsafe that I may partake 
without condemnation of thine 
all-pure Mysteries, unto the re- 
mission of my sins, and unto life 
eternal. 

Of thy Mystical Supper, O 
Son of God, accept me to-day as 
a communicant : for I will not 
speak of thy Mystery to thine 
enemies, neither, like Judas, will 
I give thee a kiss ; but like the 
thief will I confess thee: Re- 
member me, O Lord, in thy 
kingdom. 

And let not this participation 
in thy Holy Mysteries be unto 
judgment upon me, or unto con- 
demnation, O Lord, but unto the 
healing of soul and body. 

And so shall they partake of the Holy Body which they hold in their hands, 
with awe, and all godly fear. 

And when they have partaken thereof the Priests partake, in due order, of 
the Holy Blood from the chalice, thrice, saying tm eh tim* <» 

The precious and holy Blood of our Lord, and God, and Saviour, 
Jesus Christ, is imparted to me, the servant of God, Priest, N., unto 
the remission of my sins, and unto life everlasting. 

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Spirit. Amen. 

Sometimes : O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have 
mercy upon us. 

Then having wiped his mouth and the holy chalice with the veil, which he 
holdeth in his hand, the Priest shall say ; 

Lo, this hath touched my lips, and shall take away mine iniqui- 
ties, and shall purge away my sins. 

Then the Senior Priest saith again : 
Deacon, draw near. 

And the Deacon shall approach, and shall make one reverence, saying: 
Lo, I draw near unto the King Immortal, and to God. 



t 



if 



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And the Priest , giving him the chalice, shall say .: 
The servant of God, N., Deacon, partaketh of the precious and 
all-holy Blood of our Lord, and God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ, unto 
the remission of his sins, and unto life everlasting. 

And having communicated the Deacon^ the Priest shall say : 
Lo, this hath touched thy lips> and shall take away thine iniqui- 
ties, and shall purge away thy sins. 

If there be any who desire to partake of the Holy Mysteries, the Priest shall 
divide the remaining portions^ the NI and the KA, into small particles ; 
sufficient for all, and place them in the chalice. 

Then the Deacon^ setting the holy paten above the holy chalice, saith these 
Hymns of the Resurrection ; 

In that we have beheld the Resurrection of Christ, let us bow 
down before the holy Lord Jesus, the only sinless One. Thy Cross 
do we adore, O Christ, and thy holy Resurrection we laud and 
glorify : for thou art our God, and we know none other beside thee ; 
we call upon thy Name. come, all ye faithful, let us adore Christ's 
holy Resurrection. For lo, through the Cross is joy come into all the 
world. Ever blessing the Lord, let us sing his Resurrection : for in 
that he endured the Cross he hath destroyed Death by death. 

Shine, shine, O new Jerusalem, for the glory of the Lord is risen 
upon thee ! Shout now and be glad, O Zion ! And do thou, O Pure 
One, Birth-giver of God, rejoice in the Rising-again of him whom 
thou didst bear. 

O Christ, Passover great and most Holy ! O Wisdom, Word, and 
Power of God ! Vouchsafe that we may more perfectly partake of 
thee in the days which know no evening of thy kingdom. 

While with the sponge he wipeth all the particles into the chalice with all 
care and reverence^ he saith : 

Wash away, O Lord, the sins of all who are here commemorated, 
by thy precious Blood, through the prayers of thy Saints. 

And he shall cover the holy chalice with the veil; and in like manner he 
shall cover the holy paten with the star-cover and the veil. Then the 
Priest shall recite the 

Prayer of Thanksgiving, secretly. 

We give thanks unto thee, O Lord, who lovest mankind, Bene- 
factor of our souls and bodies, for that thou hast vouchsafed this 
day to feed us with thy heavenly and immortal Mysteries. Guide 
our path aright ; stablish us all in thy fear ; guard our life ; make 
sure our steps : through the prayers and supplications of the glori- 
ous Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, and of all thy Saints. 

[Or, if the Liturgy op St. Basil the Great be used, this Prayer: 

We give thanks unto thee, O Lord our God, for the participation 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 119 

in thy holy, pure, immortal and heavenly Mysteries, which thou hast 
given unto us for the welfare and sanctification and healing of our 
souls and bodies. Do thou, the same Lord of all, grant that the 
communion of the holy Body and Blood of thy Christ may be for us 
unto faith which cannot be put to confusion, unto love .unfeigned, 
unto increase of wisdom, unto the healing of soul and body, unto the 
turning aside of every adversary, unto the fulfilment of thy com- 
mandments, unto an acceptable defence* at the dread Judgment 
Seat of thy Christ] 



? 



Then the Holy Door is opened, and the Deacon, making a reverence, shall approach 
the Holy Door; and he taketh from the Bishop or the Priest the holy chalice, 
and elevating it, he saith ; 

In the fear of God and with faith draw near. 

Choir, Blessed is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord ; God is 
the Lord and hath revealed himself unto us. 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by 
death, and upon those in the tomb bestowing life. ^ 

Those who desire to communicate shall then approach. They shall come sin- 
gly, and shall do reverence, with all devoutness and awe, with their hands 
crossed on their breasts : and in this manner shall they receive the Holy 
Mysteries, after the Priest hath said aloud the Prayer : 

I believe, O Lord, and I confess, . . . {See page 116.) 

And as he communicateth each one, the Priest shall say : 

The servant of God, N., partaketh of the precious and holy Body 
and Blood of our Lord, and God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ, unto 
the remission of his (or her) sins, and unto life everlasting. (22) 

And as each person is communicated, the Choir singeth : 
Receive ye the Body of Christ ; taste ye of the Fountain of Life. 

Then the communicant's mouth shall be wiped with the holy veil, and he 
shall kiss the holy chalice, and making a reverence, he shall go aside, where 
he is given the antiddron and the holy warm water. 

And when all have finished, the Choir singeth : 
Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. | 

And the Priest shall set the chalice on the Altar, and shall bless the People, 
saying: 

O God, save thy people, and bless thine inheritance. 

Eis polli 6ti, D6spota. «■»•». 

( The Bishop blesseth with the dikiri and the trikiri.) 






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Choir. We have beheld the 
true Light ; we have received the 
heavenly Spirit ; we have found 
the true faith. Let us bow down 
in worship to the Trinity Undi- 
vided, for it hath saved us. 

Or, at Eastertide ; 

Christ is risen from the dead, 
trampling down Death by death, 
and upon those in the tomb 
bestowing life. 



Then the Priest and the Deacon shall 
turn to the Holy Altar; and the 
Priest shall cense it, saying thrice, 
to himself; 

Be thou exalted in heaven, O 
God, and thy glory above all the 
earth. 

The Priest, taking the holy paten, 
shall then set it upon the head of 
the Deacon ; and the Deacon, hold- 
ing it reverently, shall go to the 
Table of Oblation, and set it down 
there. 



fr 



The Priest, having done reverence also, shall take the holy chalice (from 
the Bishop, if it be a Pontifical Service); and turning to face the Holy 
Door, he shall look upon the People, while he saith, secretly : (23) 

Blessed is our God ! 

Then, aloud: Always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Let our mouths be filled with thy praise, O Lord, that we may extol 
thy glory, for that thou hast deigned to make us partakers of thy 
holy, divine, immortal and life-giving Mysteries. Establish us in thy 
Sanctification, that all the day long we may meditate upon thy right- 
eousness. Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. 

Sastar- Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by 
***• death, and upon those in the tomb bestowing life. 

And the Deacon, coming forth through the north door, and standing in his accus- 
tomed place, saith ; 

Having received the divine, holy, pure, immortal, heavenly, life-giving 
and terrible Mysteries of Christ, O believers, let us worthily give thanks 
unto the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Beseeching that this whole day may be perfect, holy, peaceful and 
sinless, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Then the Priest, folding the corporal (antimins\ shall make over it, with the 
book of the Holy Gospels, the sign of the cross. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art our sanctification, and urito thee we ascribe 
glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 



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121 



Choir. Amen. 

Priest* Let us depart in peace. 
Chair. In the Name of the Lord 
Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 
Chair Lord, have mercy. 

Then the Junior Priest cometh forth, and, standing at the foot of the Tribune, 
readeth the Prayer before the Tribune. 

O Lord, who blessest those who bless thee, and sanctifiest those 
who put their trust in thee : Save thy people and bless thine inherit- 
ance. Preserve the fulness of thy Church ; sanctify those who love the 
beauty of thy house; glorify them in recompense with thy divine 
might, and forsake not us who set our hope on thee. Give peace to thy 
world, and to thy Churches, and to thy Priests: and {if in Russia, to 
our most God-fearing Sovereign, N., the Emperor of All the Russias), 
to the Army and Navy, and to all thy people. For every good gift and 
every perfect gift is from above, and cometh from thee, the Father of 
Lights. And unto thee we ascribe glory, and thanksgiving, and worship, 
to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 

Chair. Amen. Blessed be the Name of the Lord henceforth and 

forever. {Thrice.) 



Reader: Psalm xxxiv. I will 
alway give thanks unto the Lord : 
Come, ye children, and hearken 
unto me : I will teach you the fear 
of the Lord. What man is he that 
lusteth to live, and would fain see 
good days ? Keep thy tongue from 
evil, and do good : seek peace, and 
ensue it. The eyes of the Lord are 
over the righteous, and his ears are 
open unto their prayers. The coun- 
tenance of the Lord is against them 
that do evil, to root out the remem- 
brance of them from the earth. The 
righteous cry, and the Lord heareth 
them, and delivereth them out of all 
their troubles. The Lord is nigh 
unto them that are of a contrite 
heart, and will save such as be of 
an humble spirit. Great are the 
troubles of the righteous, but the 
Lord delivereth him out of all. He 
keepeth all his bones, so that not one 
of them is broken. But misfortune 



The Deacon shall stand at the right 
side of the image-screen (ikonostds), 
before the holy picture {ikdna) of 
our Lord Christy holding his stole 
in his hand, and with bowed head, 
until the conclusion of the Prayer 
before the Tribune. And when 
this hath been said, the Priest shall 
enter through the Holy Door, and 
going to the Table of Oblation, he 
shall say, secretly, the following 
Prayer: 

Thou who art the fulfilling 
of the Law and the Prophets, 
O Christ our God, and hast 
accomplished all the dispensa- 
tion of the Father: Fill thou 
our hearts with joy and glad- 
ness always, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 

And the Deacon, entering through 
the north door, shall consume 
the Holy Gifts, with all rever- 
ence and awe. 






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THE DIVINE LITURGY 



shall slay the ungodly, and they 
that hate the righteous shall be 
desolate. The Lord delivereth the 
souls of his servants, and all they 
that put their trust in him shall not 
be destitute. 

Batter- Christ is risen from the 
*"** dead, trampling down Death 
by death, arid upon those in the 
tomb bestowing life. 



When the Deacon hath consumed 
the Holy Elements, so thai no 
smallest morsel of the broken 
Bread is allowed to fall or re- 
main ; and hath poured into the 
holy chalice of the water and 
the wine, and hath wiped away 
with the sponge all the mois- 
ture, he shall lay the holy ves- 
sels together, and set them in 
their accustomed place, saying ; 
Lord, now lettest thou thy ser- 
vant depart : . . . 






And when the Psalm hath been read, the Priest shall say : 

The blessing of the Lord, through his grace and love towards man- 
kind, be upon you always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest Glory to thee, O Christ our God ; glory to thee. 

Choir. Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Master, bless. 

But«- Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by 
**•• death, and upon those in the tomb bestowing life. 

(The Bishop or) the Priest saith the Benediction.* 

May (Sunday; he who rose from the dead) Christ, our true God, 
through the prayers of his all-holy Mother ( Wednesday and Friday: 
through the might of the precious and life-giving Cross), (Monday: 
through the intercessions of the honourable Bodiless Powers of Heaven), 
(Tuesday; of the honourable and glorious Prophet and Forerunner and 
Baptist, John), of the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles (Saturday: 
of the holy, glorious and right victorious Martyrs ; of our reverend and 
God-bearing Fathers) ; (according to the Liturgy used: of our Father 
among the Saints, Basil the Great or John Chrysostom), (Thursday; of 
our Father among the Saints, Nicholas, Archbishop of Myra in Lycia^ 
the Wonder-worker), of Saint N. (of the Temple\ of Saint N. (of the 
day), of the holy and righteous Ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna, 
and of all the Saints, have mercy upon us and save us, for he is good 
and loveth mankind. 



At a Pontifical Service; Choir. Eis polla" e*ti, Despota. 

Choir. Preserve, O Lord (if in Russia; our most God-fearing Sov- 
ereign, N., the Emperor of All the Russias; and all the Reigning 
House ; the Most Holy Governing Synod), our Master, the Right Re- 
verend N., Bishop of N., and all Orthodox Christians, for many years. 

* For Benedictions at the Feasts, see Special Services of the Feasts. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY 123 

The Priest holdeth the cross for the People to kiss, and dis tribute ik the anti- 
ddron (24), after which he withdraweih to the Sanctuary ', and the Holy Door 
is closed. And {if he have celebrated without a Deacon) the Priest consume th 
the Holy Gifts; after which he reciteth the Post-Communion Prayers. 

Glory to thee, O God. {Thrice.) 

I thank thee, O Lord my God, that thou hast not rejected me, a sin- 
ner, .but hast deemed me worthy to become a partaker of thy Holy 
Things. I thank thee that thou hast graciously granted unto me, though 
unworthy, to receive thy pure and heavenly Gifts. But, O Master who 
lovest mankind, who for our sake didst die, and didst rise again, and hast 
graciously bestowed upon us these terrible and life-giving Mysteries, for 
the blessmg and sanctification of our souls and bodies : Vouchsafe that 
they may be efficacious for me also unto the healing of my soul and 
body, unto the averting of everything contrary thereto ; unto the en- 
lightenment of the eyes of my heart ; unto the peace of my spiritual 
powers ; unto faith invincible ; unto love unfeigned ; unto the fulfilling 
of wisdom ; unto the keeping of thy commandments ; unto the increase 
of thy divine grace and the attainment of thy kingdom : that by thee 
preserved in thy holiness I may ever bear in mind thy grace, and live 
not unto myself, but unto thee, our Master and Benefactor. And so, 
this life ended in the hope of life everlasting, I may come unto that 
rest eternal, where the voice of those who keep high festival ceaseth 
never, and where endless is the sweetness of those who behold the 
beauty inexpressible of thy countenance. For thou art the true desire 
and the happiness unutterable of those who love thee, O Christ our God, 
and every created being shall laud thee unto ages of ages. Amen. 

A Prayer of St. Basil the Great. 

O Lord Christ, God, King of the Ages, and Maker of all men, I thank 
thee for all the good things which thou hast bestowed upon me, and for 
this Communion of thy most pure and life-giving Mysteries. Therefore 
I entreat thee, O Good One who lovest mankind, keep me in thy taber- 
nacle and under the shadow of thy wings ; and grant that, with a pure 
conscience, even unto my uttermost breath, I may worthily partake of 
thy Holy Things, unto the remission of my sins, and unto life eternal 
For thou art the Bread of Life, the Fountain of all holiness, the Giver 
of good things ; and unto thee we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

A Prayer of St. Simeon Metaphrasiis, 

O thou who, of thine own good will, dost give me thy body as. my 
food ; thou who art a Fire consuming the unworthy : Consume me not, 
O my Creator. But enter thou rather into my members, into my whole 
being, all my joints, my reins, my heart. Consume thou the thorns of 
all mine iniquities. Cleanse my soul. Sanctify my thoughts. Make 
stable my knees, and my bones likewise. Enlighten my five simple 



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124 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

senses. Knit me wholly to the fear of thee. Ever cover me, guard me 
and keep me from every word and deed which may hurt the soul. Purify 
me and wash me clean, and bring me into concord. Adorn me, give 
me understanding and enlighten me. Manifest me as the dwelling of 
thy one Spirit, and in nowise as the dwelling of sin. That being made 
thy tabernacle through the reception of thy holy Communion every evil 
thing, every carnal passion may flee away from me. I offer unto thee as 
intercessors all the Saints, the Chieftains of the Bodiless 4 Powers, thy 
Forerunner, the wise Apostles, and joined with them thy Mother pure 
and undefiled ; whose prayers do thou accept, in thy tender loving- 
kindness, O my Christ, and make thy servant to be a child of the light. 
For thou art the only sanctification and splendour of our souls, O Good 
One, and unto thee, as God and Lord over all, do we, as it behooveth 
us, every day ascribe all glory. 

Another Prayer. 

May thy holy Body, O Lord Jesus Christ our God, profit me unto 
life eternal, and thy precious Blood unto the remission of my sins. May 
this Eucharist be unto me for joy, and health, and gladness, and render 
me, a sinner, worthy to stand at the right hand of thy glory in thy 
terrible and second Coming-again ; through the intercessions of thine 
all-pure Mother, and of all the Saints. 

Another Prayer, to the Most Holy Birth-giver of God. 

O all-holy Lady, Birth -giver of our God, of my darkened soul the 
light, hope, shelter, refuge, the consolation and the joy : I thank thee that 
thou hast deemed me, all unworthy as I am, worthy to be a partaker 
of the pure Body and precious Blood of thy Son. O thou who didst 
bring forth the true Light, enlighten the intellectually-discerning eyes 
of my heart; O thou who didst bear the Fountain of Immortality, 
quicken thou me, who lie dead in sin. O compassionately loving 
Mother of the merciful God, have mercy upon me, and grant unto me 
repentance and contrition of heart, and humbleness of mind, and de- 
liverance from bondage to evil thoughts. And vouchsafe that even 
unto my last breath I may, without condemnation, receive the sancti- 
fication of these Holy Mysteries, unto the healing of both soul and 
body. And grant me tears of penitence and of confession, that I may 
laud and glorify thee all the days of my life. For blessed art thou and 
all-glorified unto all the ages. Amen. 

Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy 
word. For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, which thou hast prepared 
before the face of all people. To be a light to lighten the Gentiles, and 
to be the glory of thy people Israel. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon us. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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125 



O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal 
our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Hymn (Tropdr) of Dismissal, in Tone V*: 

The grace of thy lips, shining forth like a beacon -fire, hath illu- 
mined the universe, and hath bestowed upon the world the treasure 
of non-avariciousness, and hath shown us the height of humility. 
But as thou instructest us with thy words, O Father John Chrysos- 
tom, so also intercede thou with Christ our God, that our souls may 
be saved. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit 

Collect-Hymn (Konddk\ in Tone VI : 
From heavfen hast thou received grace divine, and with thy lips 
dost thou teach all men to adore the One God in three Persons. 
O John Chrysostom, all-blessed Saint, we rightly praise thee: for 
thou art our Teacher, in that thou dost reveal things divine. 
Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

[But if the Liturgy op St. Basil the Great hath been used, this Hymn 
(Tropdr\ in Tone I .* 

Thy voice is gone out into all the world, in that it hath received 
thy word, wherewith thou hast taught in manner well pleasing unto 
God, hast expounded the nature of existing things, and hast adorned 
the customs of mankind. O Royal Priesthood, Sainted Father, pray 
thou unto Christ our God that our souls may be saved. 
Collect-Hymn (Kond&k\ in Tone IV : 

Thou hast shown thyself a foundation immovable of the Church, 
dispensing unto all men the dominion inviolate, sealing it with thy 
decrees, O Saint Basil, who wast manifested from heaven.] 

Hymn to the Holy Birth-giver of God (BogorbdiUhen). 

O Protection of Christians that maketh not ashamed, O Mediatrix 
never-failing with the Creator : Despise not the sinners' voice of 
supplication ; but in that thou art good, come speedily to the aid 
of us who faithfully call upon thee; make haste to our petition 
and further our prayer, O Birth-giver of God, who ever protectest 
them that do thee honour. 



& 

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126 THE DIVINE LITURGY 

The Priest and Deacon wash their hands at the appointed place ; and having done 
reverence together, the Priest shall pronounce the Dismissal. And giving 
thanks unto God for all things, they shall say, also, the proper Hymn for the 
Day. Then ; Lord, have mercy. ( Twelve times.) 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more 
glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God 
the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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THE OFFICE OF THE DIVINE LITURGY OF 
THE PRESANCTIFIED (GIFTS)* 

PREFATORY NOTE 

During the Holy and Great Fast, when the Priest is to celebrate the Liturgy op 
the Presanctified, at the Office of Oblation on the Sunday preceding, (i) after 
he hath cut the first altar-bread, and sacrificed and pierced it (as indicated in 
the Ritual of the preceding Liturgy), he cutteth the extra breads, saying over 
each one of them these words following ; 

In commemoration of our Lord, and God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ. * 

He was led as a lamb to the slaughter. And as a spotless lamb before its shearers 
is dumb, so opened he not his mouth. 

Sacrificed is the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sins of the world, for the life 
of the world, and for its salvation. 

One of the soldiers did pierce his side with a spear, and straightway there came 
forth blood and water. And he that saw it bare witness, and his witness is true. 

Then hepoureth the wine and water into the holy chalice, saying the customary 
words ; and cavereth them with the holy veil, and censeth them, repeating the 
Prayer of Oblation, And then he beginneth the Divine Liturgy and celebrateth 
as usual. 

And when he is to sipt the breads, at the invocation of the Holy Spirit, he saith : 
Make this bread the precious Body of thy Christ, tn the singular, and he doth 
not speak of the breads in the plural And when he maketh the oblation, he 
offertth them all together. And he breaketh only the first bread, and layeth the 
portion in the holy chalice, andpoureth in the warm water as usual 

Then, taking the holy spoon in his right hand, he dippeth it in the Holy Blood. 
With his left hand he taketh one of the breads, and toucketh it with the holy 
spoon, which hath been wetted with the Holy Blood, in the form of a cross, 
on the side whereon is depicted the cross, under the soft portion, and placeth it 
in the tabernacle. 

Then he doth the same with the other breads, and placeth them all in the taber- 
nacle. Thereafter the Priest prayeth as usual, and communicateth as usual, 
and performeth the Divine Liturgy as usual 



When a Priest is to celebrate the 
Liturgy of the Presanctified, after 
he hath read the Entrance Prayer, 
as in the ordinary Liturgy {ex- 
cept : Stretch forth thy hand, O 
Lord : at the end of the Hours and 
the Typical Psalms, and what is 
generally read before the Liturgy ]) 
he entereth the Chapel of Obla- 
tion, and vesteth himself, signing 
with the cross and kissing each 
vestment, but saying nothing as 
he doth so, except: Lord, nave 



At a Pontifical Service the Bishop Bliiep, 
is met in the usual manner, and the 
usual Entrance Prayers are read, 
with the exception of; Stretch forth 
thy hand, O Lord. He is vested, as 
usual, in the centre of the Temple, 
but without the Verses, and only 
with the exclamations : Let us pray 
to the Lord. 

Before Vespers is begun, the Bishop 
standeth in his place, in the centre 
of the Temple, and bestoweth his 
blessing on the Rector and the Deacon 



55 



* For Explanation of the Symbolism, see Appendix B, V. 
t See the ordinary Liturgy. 



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mercy : over each of them. And 
the Deacon, taking the time from 
him, goeth and taketh his stand 
at his appointed place, and (the 
Holy Door being closed, and the 
curtain drawn aside), exclaim- 
eth: 



to begin Vespers, he himself remain- 
ing on his dais until the Little En- 
trance. The Priest readeth the 
Prayers of Light in the Sanctuary. 
The Holy Door is opened at the Ex- 
clamations, and during the Litanies, 
but remaineth closed the rest of the 
time until the Entrance. 
Deacon. Bless, Master. 

Priest Blessed is the kingdom of the Father, and of the Son, and 
of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

Reader. O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us wor- 
ship and fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let 
*us worship and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our 
God. 



Then the Preliminary Psalm, civ., is read. And in the mean while the Priest 
reciteth in front of the Holy Door the Prayers of Light (see Vespers) ; that 
is to say, the Vesper Prayers, beginning with the fourth Prayer ; the first three 
being said later on, after the Litanies. ( The Priest entereth the Sanctuary.) 
And when the Psalm is finished, the Deacon saith the 



Great Litany. 

Deacon. In peace let us pray to the 
Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from above, and for 
the salvation of our souls : Tfr 

For the peace of the whole world ; for 
the welfare of God's holy Churches, and for 
the union of them all : Jj 

For this holy Temple, and for all those 
who with faith, devoutness, and in the fear 
of God have entered therein : IJ; 

For our Holy Synod {or Patriarch) ; for 
our Bishop {or Archbishop, or Metropoli- 
tan), N., for the honourable Presbytery, the 
Diaconate in Christ ; for all the clergy and 
the laity: # 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land 
and for all the Authorities (Emperor, or King, 
and Reigning House, or President, according 
to the elements and nationalities of which the 
Parish is constituted). 

That he will aid them, and subdue under 
their feet every foe and adversary : ]£ 
For this city, for this holy Temple, and 



And the Priest re- 
citeth, secretly, the 
Prayer of the 
First Antiphon 
(The first of the 
Vesper Prayers). 

O Lord, bounti- 
ful and compas- 
sionate, long-suf- 
fering and plente- 
ous in mercy, give 
ear unto our prayer, 
and attend to the 
voice of our suppli- 
cation. Work upon 
us a sign for good. 
Lead us in thy way, 
that we may walk 
in thy truth. Make 
glad our hearts, 
that we may fear 
thy holy Name. 
For thou art great, 
and doest wonders. 
Thou alone art 
God, and among all 



s? 



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129 



UQ 

O Ui 



the gods there is 
nonelike unto thee, 
O Lord, mighty in 
mercy, gracious in 
strength, to aid, 
and to comfort and 
save all those who 
put their trust in 
thy holy Name. 






for every city and land, and for those who 
with faith dwell therein : I£ 

For healthful seasons ; for abundance 
of the fruits of the earth, and for peace- 
ful times : IJs 

For those who travel by sea or by 
land ; for the sick and the suffering; for 
those who are in captivity, and for their 
salvation : IJ 

That he will deliver us from all tribu- 
lation, wrath, peril and necessity : IJs 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon 
us, and keep us, O God, by thy grace. 

Choir* Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 



Exclamation, 

Priest For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



The Reader then readeth the Eigh- 
teenth Selection of Psalms (Ka- 
fisma): First Antiphon (Psalms 
cxx^ cxxiii.\ 

Psalm cxx. 

When I was in trouble, I 
called upon the Lord, and he 
heard me. Deliver my soul, O 
Lord, from lying lips, and from 
a deceitful tongue. What re- 
ward shall be given or done 
unto thee, thou false tongue? 
even mighty and sharp arrows, 
with hot burning coals. Woe is 
me, that I am constrained to 
dwell with Mesech, and to have 
my habitation among the tents 
of Kedar! My soul hath long 
dwelt among them that are en- 



The Priest unfoldeth the corporal 
(which lieth upon the Altar% and 
setteth the holy paten thereon. 
Then he openeth the tabernacle, 
and placeth the Presanctified Lamb 
upon the paten, making a lowly 
reverence. 

And the Priest reciteth, secretly, the 
Prayer of the Second Anti- 
phon (the second Vesper Prayer). 

O Lord, rebuke us not in thy 
displeasure, neither chasten us 
in thy wrath : but deal with us 
according to thy mercy, O Phy- 
sician and Healer of our souls. 
Guide us unto the haven of thy 
will. Enlighten the eyes of our 
hearts to the knowledge of thy 
truth, and vouchsafe that the 
residue of this day and our whole 
life may be peaceful and without 



£ 

1 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 



emies unto peace. I labour for 
peace; but when I speak unto 
them thereof, they make them 
ready to battle. 



sin.; through the intercessions 
of the holy Birth-giver of God, 
and of all the Saints. 



3 



Psalm cxxiii. 

Unto thee lift I up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens. 
Behold, even as the eyes of servants look unto the hand of their mas- 
ters, and as the eyes of a maiden unto the hand of her mistress, even 
so our eyes wait upon the Lord our God, until he have mercy upon us. 
Have mercy upon us, O Lord, have mercy upon us; for we are utterly 
despised. Our soul is filled with the scornful reproof of the wealthy ; 
and with the despitefulness of the proud. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation, 

For thine is the majesty, and thine are the kingdom and the power 
and the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



The Reader continuetk the Selection of Psalms : 
The Second Antiphon (Psalms cxxiv., cxxix.). 

Psalm cxxiv. 

If the Lord himself had not been on our 
side, now may Israel say ; if the Lord him- 
self had not been on our side, when men 
rose up against us ; they had swallowed us 
up quick ; when they were so wrathfully dis- 
pleased at us. Yea, the waters had drowned 
us, and the stream had gone over our soul. 
The deep waters of the proud had gone 
even over our soul. But praised be the 
Lord, who hath not given us over for a 
prey unto their teeth. Our soul is escaped 
even as a bird out of the snare of the fowler; 
the snare is broken, and we are delivered. 



The Priest, accom- 
panied by the Deacon 
holding a taper, or 
alone, censeth the Al- 
tar. 

Then he saith, secretly, 
the Prayer of the 
Third Antiphon 
{the third Vesper 
Prayer). 

O Lord our God, 
remember us sinners 
and thine unprofit- 
able servants, when 
we call upon thy holy 
Name, and put us 
not to shame in our 
expectation of thy 



* 

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THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 



13* 



Our help standeth in the Name of the Lord, 
who hath made heaven and earth. 

Psalm cxxix. 
Many a time have they fought against 
me from my youth up, may Israel now say : 
yea, many a time have they vexed me from 
my youth up ; but they have not prevailed 
against me. The plowers plowed upon my 
back, and made long furrows. But the 
righteous Lord hath hewn the snares of the 
ungodly in pieces. Let them be confounded 
and turned backward, as marry as have evil 
will at Sion. Let them be even as the grass 
growing upon the house-tops, which wither- 
eth afore it be plucked up ; whereof the 
mower filleth not his hand, neither he that 
bindeth up the sheaves his bosom. So that 
they who go by say not so much as, The 
Lord prosper you ; we wish you good luck 
in the Name of the Lord. 

The Little Litany. 

Deacon, Again, yet again, in peace . . . 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us . . . 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, 
undefiled . . . {page 130). 

Ckoir. To thee, O Lord. 

Priest For thou art our God, the God of 
mercy and salvation, and unto thee do we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, 
and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Third Antiphon {Psalms cxlL, cxlii., cxxx., 
cxviL). 

Ckoir. Lord, I have cried unto thee, 
hear me. Hear me, O Lord. Lord, I have 
cried unto thee, hear me. Receive the voice 
of my prayer, when I call upon thee. Hear 
me, O Lord. Let my prayer be set forth in 
thy sight as the incense, and let the lifting 
up of my hands be an evening sacrifice. 

Reader. Set a watch, O Lord, before my 
mouth, and keep the door of my lips. O let 



mercy : but grant 
us, O Lord, all our 
petitions which are 
unto salvation, and 
vouchsafe that we 
may love and fear 
thee with all our 
hearts, and do thy 
will in all things. 

Priest For thou art 
a good God, and lov- 
est mankind, and un- 
to thee do we ascribe 
glory, to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to 
the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

The Priest maketk 
three lowly reverences 
to the Holy Gifts, 
setteth the paten on 
his head, and beareth 
it to the Table of Ob- 
lation, preceded by the 
Deacon with the taper 
and censer. Then, on 
the Table of Oblation 
he poureth wine and 
water into the chal- 
ice, cense th the star- 
cover and the veil, 
and covereth there- 
with the paten and 
the chalice, saying 
the while : 

Through the prayers 
of our holy Fathers, 
O Lord Jesus Christ 
our God, have mercy 
upon us. 

Then he goeth to the Al- 
tar, foldeth the cor- 
poral, and setteth the 
Gospels thereon. 

The Priest saith, se- 
cretly, the Prayer of 
the Entrance. 

In the evening, and 



4 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 



not mine heart be inclined to any evil thing ; 
let me not be occupied in ungodly works 
with the men that work wickedness, lest I 
eat of such things as please them. Let the 
righteous rather smite me friendly, and re- 
prove me. But let not their precious balms 
break my head ; yea, I will pray yet against 
their wickedness. Let their judges be over- 
thrown in stony places, that they may hear 
my words ; for they are sweet. Our bones 
lie scattered before the pit, like as when one 
breaketh and heweth wood upon the earth. 
But mine eyes look unto thee, O Lord God ; 
in thee is my trust ; O cast not out my soul. 
Keep me from the snare that they have laid 
for me, and from the traps of the wicked 
doers. Let the ungodly fall into their own 
nets together, and let me ever escape them. 

Psalm cxui. 

I cried unto the Lord with my voice ; yea, 
even unto the Lord did I make my suppli- 
cation. I poured out my complaints before 
him, and showed him of my trouble. When 
my spirit was in heaviness, thou knewest 
my path ; in the way wherein I walked, have 
they privily laid a snare for me. I looked 
also upon my right hand, and saw there was 
no man chat would know me. I had no place 
to flee unto, and no man cared fbr my souL 
I cried unto thee, O Lord, and said, Thou art my hope, and my portion 
in the land of the living. Consider my complaint, for I am brought very 
low. O deliver me from my persecutors ; for they are too strong for me. 
Bring my soul out of prison, that I may give thanks unto thy Name ; 
which thing if thou wilt grant me, then shall the righteous resort unto 
my company. 

Then shall be sung Hymns to the Martyrs , and Hymns from the Triddion (the 
Hymns for the Great Fast\ and from the Miniya. (2) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then the Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Bogordditchen or Dogmdtik\ in the 
proper Tone* 

* For these Hymns, in the Eight Tones, see Appendix A. 



in the morning, and 
at noon-day we praise 
thee, we bless thee, 
we give thanks unto 
thee, and we pray un- 
to thee, O Lord of all : 
Direct thou ourprayer 
beforetheeasincense, 
and incline not our 
hearts unto words or 
thoughts of wicked- 
ness : but deliver us 
from all who seek 
after our souls. For 
unto thee, Lord, O 
Lord, lift we up our 
eyes, and in thee have 
we trusted. Put us 
not to shame, O our 
God. 

For unto thee are 
due all glory, honour 
and worship, to the 
Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Hoty 
Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 



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"33 



The Holy Door is now opened, and 
the Entrance is made with the 
Censer. But when the Gospel is 
to be read (at the Feast Day of the 
Temple, or of a Saint), the En- 
trance is made with the Holy 
Gospels. 



to 

I 



At a Pontifical Service the En* BUbop. 
trance is always made with the book of 
the Gospels, and in precisely the sa me 
manner as the Entrance at the Lit- 
urgy i except that the Evening Prayer 
of the Entrance is read, and that in 
place of; O come, let us worship: 
there is sung: O gladsome radiance : 

When the Hymn to the Birth-giver of God is finished, the Deacon shall make with 
the censer the sign of the cross, as he standeth in the middle of the Holy Door, 
and shall enter the Sanctuary, and shall say, aloud : 

Wisdom, O believers ! 

Choir. O gladsome radiance of the holy glory of the Father immortal, 
heavenly, holy, blessed, Jesus Christ ! In that we now are come unto 
the setting of the sun, and behold the light of even, we hymn thee, 
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, God. For meet is it that at all times 
thou shouldest be magnified by voices propitious, O Son of God, who 
bestowest life. For which cause all the world doth glorify thee. 

The Priest and the Deacon now goto the High Place. 

Deacon. Let us attend. Wisdom 1 

Priest. Peace be unto all. 

Reader. And to thy spirit 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend The Gradual, in the . . . Tone. 

The Choir then singeth the Gradual (Prokimen) for the Day, thrice. 

Deacon. Wisdom! 

Reader. The Lesson from Genesis. 

Deacon. Let us attend 1 

The Reader then readeth the Lesson, as appointed. (The Holy Door is closed?) 

When the Lesson from Genesis is finished, the Holy Door is opened. And the 
Reader saith, and the Choir repealelh, in the usual manner, the Second Gradual 
(Prokimen). 

The Deacon exclaimeth : Command ! 

And the Priest taketh the candlestick | If it be a Pontifical Service, Blifcap. 
with its taper, and the censer, in his 1 the Bishop taketh the trikiri and the 
hands, I censer, 

and standing before the Holy A liar, and making therewith the sign of the cross, 
he exclaimeth : 

Wisdom, O believers ! 

Then, turning to the People, he saith : 

The light of Christ illumineth all men. (3) 

And the People kneel. 

Deacon. Wisdom I ( The Holy Door is closed.) 
Reader. The Lesson from the Proverbs. 
Deacon. Let us attend 1 



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- Then the Reader readeth the appointed Lesson, And when he haihfinishea\ the 
Priest saith ; 

Peace be unto thee. 
Reader. And to thy spirit. 
Deacon. Wisdom ! ( The Holy Door is opened.") 
The Choir then chanteth : 

i : Let my prayer be set forth in thy sight as 
the incense, and let the lifting up of my hands be 
an evening sacrifice. 

2 : O Lord, I have cried unto thee, hear me ; 
give ear unto the voice of my petition, when I cry 
unto thee. 

3 : Set a watch, O Lord, before my mouth, and 
a door of enclosure about my lips. 

4 : Incline not my heart to the words of wicked- 
ness, to contrive excuses for sins. 

5 : Let my prayer be set forth in thy sight as 
the incense. And let the lifting up of my hands 
be an evening sacrifice. 



When the Choir 
chanteth : Let ray 
prayer (1-5), all 
who are present in 
the Temple, and 
they who are in the 
Sanctuary, kneel 
andpray. And the 
Priest taketh the 
censer and censeth 
before the Holy 
Altar (verses 1-3); 
and before the Table 
of Oblation Averse 
4). And during 
verse 5 he puttetk 
aside the censer, 
and knee let h and 
prayeth. 

Priest: The Prayer of St. Ephraim the Syrian. 

O Lord and Master of my life, grant not unto me a spirit of slothful- 
ness, of discouragement, of lust of power, of vain babbling. {Reverence.) 

But vouchsafe unto thy servant the spirit of continence, of meekness, 
of patience, and of love. {Reverence.) 

Yea, O Lord and King, grant that I may perceive my own transgres- 
sions, and judge not my brother. For blessed art thou unto ages of 
ages. Amen. {Reverence. ) 

If it be the Feast of a Saint, or of the Temple, then the Priest or the 
Deacon saith : 

Let us attend ! 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Gradual, in the . . . Tone. 

Then the Reader readeth the appointed Gradual {Prokimen), and the Choir 
singeth it, in the usual manner. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the holy Apostle, N. (to the Romans; 
or to the Corinthians ; or otherwise, as appointed). 
Deacon. Let us attend ! 

And when it is finished, the Priest saith : 
Peace be unto thee. 
Reader. And to thy spirit. 



D*J1. 



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And the Priest saith, secretly, the Prayer before the Gospel. 



'35 



Deacon. Wisdom ! 
Choir, Alleluia. 



Illumine our hearts, O God who lovest 
mankind, with the pure light of thy divine 
knowledge, and open the eyes of our under- 
standing to the comprehension of the proclamation of thy Gospel 
Implant in us, likewise, the fear of thy blessed commandments ; 
that, trampling down all carnal desires, we may pursue a godly life, 
both thinking and performing such things as are well pleasing unto 
thee. For thou art the light of our souls and of our bodies, O Christ 
our God, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, together with thy 
Father, who is from everlasting, and thy holy, and blessed, and 
life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Priest. Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel 
Peace be with you all. 

People. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. The Lesson from the Holy Gospel according to N. 
. Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

The Deacon then readeth the Gospel. And when it is finished: 

Priest. Peace be with thee, who hast announced the good 
tidings. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 



The Litany of Fervent Peti- 
tion. 

Deacon. Let us all say, with 
all our soul and with all our 
mind, let us say, 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

OLordAlmighty,theGodof 
our fathers, we beseech thee ; 
hearken, and have mercy. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, 
we beseech thee, hearken and have mercy. Ifc {Thrice.) 

Again we pray for {the Ruler of the Land, Emperor, or King, 
and Reigning House, or President, according to the elements and 
nationalities of which the Parish is constituted) ; for his might, 
victory, maintenance, peace, health, salvation ; and that the Lord 
our God will abundantly aid and prosper them in all things, and 
subdue under their feet every foe and adversary. 1J Here the p^^ 

Again we pray for our Holy Synod {or Patri- unfoldeih the 
arch) ; for our Bishop {or Archbishop, or Metro- corporal, except 
politan), N., and for all our brethren in Christ. # ihe *PP*r*dge. 

Furthermore we pray for all their Christ-loving Army and 
Navy. # 



r 



* 



3 



And the Priest saith, secretly, the Prayer 
of the Litany of Fervent Petition. 

O Lord our God, accept this, the 
fervent supplication of thy servants, 
and be gracious unto us, according 
to the multitude of thy mercy. And 
send down thy bounties upoif us, and 
upon all thy people, who here await 
the rich mercy which is from thee. 






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3 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 



Furthermore we pray for our brethren the Priests; for or- 
dained Monks ; and for all our brotherhood in Christ. ft. 

Furthermore we pray for the blessed and ever-memorable most 
holy Orthodox Patriarchs, and God-fearing Tzars and Tzarftzas ; 
and for the founders of this holy Temple ; and for all our 
devout fathers and brethren, Orthodox believers, departed this 
life before us, who here and in all the world lie asleep in the 
Lord. ft 

Furthermore we pray for those who bear fruit and do good 
works in this holy and all-honourable Temple ; for those who 
labour in its service ; for the singers ; and for the people here 
present who await in firm hope thy great and rich mercies. ft 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto 
thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Chain Amen. 






3 

o 



The Litany of the Catechumens. 

Deacon. Pray ye unto the Lord, 
ye Catechumens. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Ye faithful, pray ye unto the 
Lord for the Catechumens, that 
the Lord will have mercy upon 
them. ft 

That he will teach them the 
word of truth, ft 

That hearill reveal to them the 
Gospel of righteousness, ft 

(Here the Priest unfoldetk the last edge 
of the corporal^ 



4 



The Priest* saith, secretly, the 
Prayer for the Cate- 
chumens. 

O God, our God, the Cre- 
ator and Maker of all things ; 
who wiliest that all men 
should be saved, and should 
come unto the knowledge of 
the truth : Look upon thy 
servants the Catechumens, 
and deliver them from their 
ancient errors, and from the 
wiles of the adversary. And 
call them unto life eternal, 
illumining their souls and 
bodies, and numbering them 
with thy reason-endowed 
flock, which is called by thy 
holy Name. Amen. 



That he will unite them unto 
his Holy Catholic and Apostolic 
Church, ft 

Save them, have mercy upon 
them, succour them, and keep 
them, O God, by thy grace, ft 

Bow your heads unto the Lord, ye Catechumens. 

Chair. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. That with us they may magnify thine all-honourable and 
majestic Name, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. — Chair. Amen. 



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137 



{The Priest maketh the sign of the cross over the corporal with the sponge, which 
he then kisseth and layeth on one side.) 



Then the following Exhortation to the Catechumens is said; but only 
from Wednesday of the Fourth Week of the Great Fast until the end of 
the Fast. (4) 

Deacon. As many as are Catechumens, depart. Catechumens, 
depart. Ye who are ready for Illumination, depart Pray, ye who 
are preparing for Illumination.* 



The Priest saith t secretly, the 
Prayer for those who are 
preparing for illumination. 

Show the light of thy coun- 
tenance, O God, upon those who 
are preparing for holy Illumina- 
tion, and who desire to put away 
the defilement of sin. Enlighten 
their understanding. Establish 
them in the faith. Strengthen 
them in hope. Perfect them in 
love. Make them honourable 
members of Christ, who gave 
himself a ransom for our souls. 



Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Ye faithful, for these who are 
preparing for holy Illumination, 
and for their salvation, let us 
pray to the Lord. 

Choir, Lord, have mercy. 

That the Lord our God will 
stablish and strengthen them, ft 

That he will illumine them 
with the light of wisdom and of 
piety, ft 

That he will vouchsafe unto 
them, in his own good time, the 
laver of regeneration, the remis- 
sion of sins, and the garment of 
incorruption. ft 

That he will beget them with water and the Spirit, ft 

That he will grant unto them the perfection of the faith, ft 

That he will number them with his holy and chosen flock, ft 

Save them, have mercy upon them, succour them, and keep them, 
O God, by thy grace, ft 

Ye who are ready for Illumination, bow your heads unto the 
Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

For thou art our illumination, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, 
to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. As many as are preparing for Illumination, depart. De- 
part, ye who are preparing for Illumination. 






% 



r 



* Baptism. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 



Catechumens, depart. Let none of the Catechumens remain ; but let 
us who are in the faith again, yet again, in peace pray unto the Lord 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 



Deacon. Succour us, save us, 
have mercy upon us, and keep us, 
O God, by thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 



The Priest saith, secretly, the First 
Prayer of the Faithful. 

O God, great and worthy to 
be praised, who through the life- 
giving death of thy Christ hast 
translated us from corruption to incorruption : Deliver thou all 
our senses from death-dealing carnal desires, setting over them as a 
good ruler the understanding that is in us. Let our eye have no 
part in any evil sight ; let our hearing be inaccessible to all idle 
words ; and let our tongue be purged from unseemly speech. 
Purify our lips which praise thee, O Lord. Make our hands to ab- 
stain from evil deeds, and to work only such things as are accept- 
able unto thee, establishing all our members and our minds by thy 
grace. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 



Exclamation. 



Priest. For unto thee are due 
Father, and to the Son, and to 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, 
in peace let us pray to the 
Lord, ft 



If there be no Deacon, the fol- 
lowing Litany is omitted. 



For the peace that is from 
above, and for the salvation 
of our souls : ft 

For the peace of the whole 
world; for the welfare of 
God's holy Churches, and 
for the union of them sill : ft 

For this holy Temple, and 
for those who with faith, 
devoutness, and in the fear 
of God have entered there- 
in : ft 

That he will deliver us 
from all tribulation, wrath, 
peril and necessity : ft 



all glory, honour and worship, to the 
the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 



The Priest saith, secretly, the Second 
Prayer of the Faithful. 

O Master, holy and exceeding 
good, we beseech thee, who art 
rich in mercy, that thou wilt show 
compassion on us sinners, and 
render us worthy to receive thine 
Only-begotten Son and our God, 
the King of glory. For behold, his 
most pure Body and his life-giving 
Blood, entering at this present 
hour, are about to be spread forth 
upon this mystical Altar, invisibly 
escorted by a great multitude of 
the Heavenly Host. Enable us to 
partake of them in blamelessness ; 
that, the eyes of our understand- 
ing being enlightened thereby, we 
may become children of the light 
and of the day. 



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139 



Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 
Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Exclamation. 

Priest Through the gift of thy Christ, with whom thou art blessed, 
together with thy most holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

(Here the Holy Door is opened.) 



In place of the Cherubimic Hymn 
there shall now be sung: 

Now the Powers of Heaven 
with us invisibly do minister. 
For lo ! the King of Glory en- 
tereth now. Behold the Mystical 
Sacrifice, all accomplished, is 
ushered in. 
(Here the Great Entrance is made.) 

Let us with faith and love 
draw near, that we may become 
partakers of life everlasting. Al- 
leluia, alleluia, alleluia. 

At a Pontifical Service the Bishop 
washeth his hands in front of 
the Holy Door. Then his pall 
(omofdr) is put on him, and he 
maketh three lowly reverences 
before the Holy Altar, saying: 
Now the Powers of Heaven. . . . 
Then he goeth to the Table of 
Oblation, and maketh three rev- 
erences, saying : O God, cleanse 
thou me, a sinner; removeth his 
mitre, giveth his pall to the Dea- 
con, and censetn the Tabic of 
Oblation thrice^ after which he 
giveth the censer to the Proto- 
Deacon ; and taking the air in 
both hands, he layeth it on the 
shoulder of the Proto-Deacon. 

fhe Bishop then taketh the holy paten with both hands, and having kissed 
it, he setteth it on the head of the senior Priest, but saith nothing. The 
Priest kisseth the Bishop's hand. Another Priest, after making a reverence 
to the Bishop, taketh from him the holy chalice, and kisseth his hand. 
The other Priests who take part in the celebration carry the cross, the 
spoon, the spear, and the rest of the holy utensils, and kiss the Bishops 
hand. And all come forth in the same order as at the Great Entrance in 
the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom or St. Basil the Great. 



A nd while this is being sung the Dea- 
con entereth the Sanctuary through 
the north door, and cense th the Holy 
Altar and the holy oblation and 
the Priest. And they stand there, 
saying : Now the Powers of 
Heaven. . . . And having made 
three lowly reverences, they go to 
the Chapel of Oblation ; and the 
Priest bringeth the Holy Gifts, as 
usual, after he hath made three 
lowly reverences before the Table 
of Oblation, saying : O God, cleanse 
thou me, a sinner. While the Di- 
vine Mysteries are being borne in 
solemn silence from the Chapel of 
Oblation to the Altar, all the Peo- 
ple and the Singers^ kneeling hum- 
bly, render atvine reverence to 
Christ our God, who is in the Holy 
Mysteries; for they are presancti- 
fed. After the Holy Gifts have 
been brought to the A Itar, all stand, 
and the Singers finish the Hymn, 
as indicated: Let us with faitft and 
love draw near : 

After the Holy Gifts have been placed 
on the Altar, the Priest taketh the 
veil from the Holy Gifts and the 
air from the shoulder of the Dea- 
con, approacheth the air to the cen- 
ser, and covereth therewith with 
fragrance the Holy Gifts. 






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THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 






When the Bishop cometh to the Holy Door, the Proto-Deacon taketh his stand 
opposite him and censeth him. The Bishop, taking the censer, censeth the 
Holy Gifts thrice, and having made a reverence, he receiveth the holy 
paten from the head of the Senior Priest, kisseth it, and showeth it to the 
People, without saying anything. And the Priest bearing the chalice en- 
tereth the Sanctuary, saying nothing. But the Bishop setteth the holy 
chalice upon the Altar. The other Priests enter the Sanctuary without 
saying anything. 

The Bishop removeth the air from the shoulder of the Proto-Deacon, holdeth 
it over the censer, and covereih the paten and the chalice with fragrance, 
saying nothing. Then he putteth on his mitre, and censeth the Holy Gifts 
only, and maketh three reverences, and giveth the censer to the beacon, 
without censing any one. 

And he bestoweth his blessing on the People, as usual, with the dikiri and 
the trikiri, while the Choir singeth ; Eis polld e*ti, D&pota. 

Then the Priest saith, aloud, the Prayer of St. Ephraih the Syrian ; and 
maketh the prescribed reverences, the People kneeling with him, 

O Lord and Master of my life, grant not unto me a spirit of slothful- 
ness, of discouragement, of lust of power, of vain babbling. (Reverence.} 

But vouchsafe unto thy servant the spirit of continence, of meekness, 
of patience, and of love. (Reverence.) 

Yea, O Lord and King, grant that I may perceive my own trans- 
gressions, and judge not my brother. For blessed art thou unto ages 
of ages. Amen. (Reverence.) 

Here the Holy Door is closed, and the curtain is drawn halfway. (5) 
Then the Deacon goeth to his accustomed place, and saith : 

Let us complete our evening prayer unto the Lord. 

Chair. Lord, have mercy. 



For the Precious Gifts 
spread forth and sancti- 
fied : ft 

That our God, who loveth 
mankind, accepting them up- 
on his holy and most heavenly 
and supersensual Altar, in the 
odour of a spiritual sweet 
savour, will send down upon 
us in return his divine grace 
and the gift of the Holy 
Spirit : ft 

That he will deliver us 
from all tribulation, wrath, 
peril and necessity : ft 
. Succour us, save us, have mercy 
upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Chair. Lord, have mercy. 



On,— 

IS* 



The Priest prayeth, secretly. 

O God of ineffable and in- 
visible Mysteries, with whom 
are the hidden treasures of 
wisdom and knowledge, who 
hast revealed unto us the ser- 
vice of this Ministry, and hast 
appointed unto us sinners, 
through thy great love towards 
mankind, to offer unto thee 
gifts and sacrifices for our 
sins, and for the errors of thy 
people : Do thou, the same 
Invisible King, who doest 
things great and inscrutable, 
glorious and marvellous, which 
cannot be numbered, look up- 
on us, thine unworthy ser- 
vants who stand at this Holy 



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An evening all perfect, holy, 
peaceful and sinless : I£ 

An Angel of Peace, the faith- 
ful guide and guardian both of 
Our souls and bodies : IJ 

The pardon and remission of 
our sins and transgressions : $ 

All things which are profita- 
ble to our souls and bodies, and 
peace to the world : IJ 

That we may pass the residue 
of our life in peace and peni- 
tence: ?; 

A Christian ending to our 
life, painless, blameless, peace- 
ful ; and a good defence before 
the dread Judgment Seat of 
Christ: # 

Calling to remembrance our 
most holy, undefiled, most 
blessed and glorious Lady, the 
Birth-giver of God and ever- 
virgin Mary, with all the Saints, 
let us commend ourselves, and each 
other, and all our life unto Christ 
our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 



Altar as at the Cherubimic 
throne, upon which lieth thine 
Only-begotten Son and our 
God, in the dread Mysteries 
spread forth thereon ; and 
having delivered us and all 
thy faithful people from every 
impurity, hallow all our souls 
and bodies with the sanctifica- 
tion which cannot be taken 
away. That partaking with a 
pure conscience, with faces 
unashamed, with hearts illu- 
mined, of ^hese divine, conse- 
crated Gifts, and being quick- 
ened through them, we may be 
united unto thy Christ him- 
self, our true God, who hath 
said : Whoso eateth my flesh 
and drinketh my blood abideth 
in me and I in him ; that 
thy Word, O Lord, making its 
abode in us and accompany- 
ing our path, we may become 
the temple of thine all-holy 
and adorable Spirit, redeemed 
from every wile of the Devil, 
wrought either 



3 



by deed or 
word or thought ; and may ob- 
tain the good things promised unto us, with all thy Saints, who in 
all the ages have been acceptable in thy sight. 

Exclamation. 

And vouchsafe, O Lord, that with boldness, and without condemna- 
tion, we may dare to call upon thee, the God of heaven and our Father, 
and say: 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and^the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. ' 

Chair. Amen. 

Priest Peace be with you. 



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142 THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 

Choir. Ancf with thy spirit. 

Priest Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

The Priest, bowing his head, prayeth secretly. 

O God, who alone art good and of tender compassion; who 
dwellest on high and regardest the humble of heart : Look with 
the eye of thy tender loving-kindness upon all thy people, and pre- 
serve them. And graciously enable us all to partake without con- 
demnation of these thy life-giving Mysteries : for unto thee have 
we bowed our heads, in the hope of thy rich mercies. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. Through the grace, and bounties, and love towards mankind 
of thine Only-begotten Son, with whom thou art blessed, together with 
thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

The Priest, secretly. 

Attend, O Lord Jesus Christ our God, from thy holy dwelling- 
place, and from the throne of glory of thy kingdom ; and come 
and cleanse us, O thou who sittest on high with the Father, and 
art here invisibly present with us : and graciously vouchsafe, by 
thy mighty hand, to impart unto us thy most Jholy Body, and thy 
most precious Blood, and by us to all thy people. 

And after the Prayer, the Priest and Deacon make three reverences, saying: 

O God, cleanse thou me, a sinner. 

Then the Priest, the Holy Gifts being still covered, laying on his hand doth (6) 
touch the life-giving Bread with great reverence ana fear. And the Dea- 
con saith : 

Let us attend. 

The Priest exclaimeth : 

The Presanctified Holy Things to the holy. 

Choir. One only is holy, one only is the Lord, Jesus Christ, in the 
glory of God the Father. Amen. 

{The rest of the curtain is now drawn.) 

And when the Priest hath said: The Presanctified Holy Things to the holy: 
he layeth aside the holy veil, and the Deacon entereth the holy Sanctuary ; 
and standing near the Priest, he saith : t 

Break, Master, the holy Bread. 

And the Priest, with great heedfulness, breaketh it into four pieces, saying: 

Broken and divided is the Lamb of God, which is broken, yet not 
disunited ; ever eaten, yet never consumed, but sanctifieth those 
who partake thereof. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 143 

And he layeth a portion on the paten, saying nothing ; and the Deacon pour- 
eth the warm water into the chalice, saying nothing. And he stanaeth a 
little apart. Then the Priest saith : 

Deacon, draw near. 

And the Deacon, approaching, maketh a devout reverence, asking forgive- 
ness, and saith : 

Lo, I draw near unt& the King immortal, and to God. 
Impart unto me, Master, the precious and holy Body of our Lord, 
and God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ 

And the Priest, taking a portion of the Holy Afysteries,givelh it to the Dea- 
con, saying : 

To N., Deacon, is imparted the precious, and holy, and all-pure 
Body and Blood of our Lord, and God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ, 
unto the remission of his sins, and unto life everlasting. 

And the Deacon, having kissed the Pries fs hand, shall withdraw, and stand 
behind the Holy Altar; and bowing his head, he shall pray, like the Priest, 
I believe, O Lord, and I confess. . . . And the Priest also, taking in the 
same manner a portion of the Holy Mysteries, saith ; 

The precious and all-holy Body and Blood of our Lord, and God, 
and Saviour, Jesus Christ, is imparted to me, N., Priest, unto the 
remission of my sins, and unto life everlasting. 

And bowing his head, he prayeth, saying : 

I believe, O Lord, and I confess, that thou art, in very truth, 
the Christ the Son of the living God, who didst come into the world 
to save sinners, of whom I am chief. And I believe that this is, of 
a truth, thine all-pure Body, and that this is thine own precious 
Blood. Wherefore I beseech thee, have mercy upon me, and for- 
give my transgressions, whether voluntary or involuntary ; whether 
of word or of deed ; whether committed with knowledge or in 
ignorance. And vouchsafe that I may partake without condemna- 
tion of thine all-pure Mysteries, unto the remission of my sins, and 
unto life eternal. 

Of thy Mystical Supper, O Son of God, accept me to-day as a 
communicant : for I will not speak of thy Mystery to thine en- 
emies, neither like Judas will I give thee a kiss ; but like the thief 
will I confess thee : Remember me, O Lord, in thy kingdom. And 

let not this participation in thy 



Choir. The Short Canon. 

O taste, and see how good the 
Lord is. Alleluia, alleluia, alle- 
luia* 



Holy Mysteries be unto judgment 
upon me, or unto condemnation, 
O Lord, but unto the healing of 
soul and body. 



And in this manner they partake of the Holy Mysteries, with awe and all 
godly fear. 



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144 THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 

Then he taketh the holy chalice with the veil in both hands,, ana' drinketh 
from it, saying nothing; and wipeth his mouth and the holy chalice with 
the veil which is in his hands ; setteth it on the Holy Altar, and sadth, 
secretly, the Prayer of Thanksgiving : 

We give thanks unto thee, O God, the Saviour of all men, for all 
the good things which thou hast vouchsafed unto us, and for the 
Communion of the holy Body and Blood of thy Christ. And we be- 
seech thee, O Lord, who lovest mankind, to ifeep us under the 
shelter of thy wings. And grant that, even to our last breath, we 
may worthily partake of thy Holy Things, unto the illumination of 
soul and body, and unto the inheritance of the kingdom of heaven. 

The Deacon doth not drink from the chalice at this time, but after the Prayer 
before the Tribune, and after the remaining particles of the Holy Mysteries 
have been consumed. (But if the Priest celebrate alone, without a Deacon, he, 
also, doth not drink from the chalice after his Communion, but after the Lit- 
urgy is finished, and after the Holy Mysteries have been consumed. For if the 
wine be sanctified by placing in it the particles, yet hath it not been trans- 
muted into the Divine Blood, seeing that the words of consecration are not 
recited over it in this service, as they are in the Liturgies of Basil the Great 
and John Chrysostom.) And the Deacon, taking the holy paten, approacheth it 
to the holy chalice, and putteth in the Holy Gifts, saying nothing. And hav- 
ing made three reverences, he drawelh aside the curtain, and openeth the Holy 
Door. 

But if there be Communicants from the People, the Deacon, having covered the 
Jioty Things as usual, and drawn aside the curtain, and opened the Holy 
Door^ taketh the sacred chalice from the hands of the Priest or the Bishop, and 
saith ; 

In the fear of God, and with faith, draw near. 

And the Communion is administered as usual. (As a rule, infants are not 
admitted to this Communion.) 

C&wk I will bless the Lord at all times. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. O God, save thy people, and bless thine heritage. 

Choir. His praise shall continually be in my mouth. Taste ye the 
heavenly Bread and the Cup of Life, and see how good the Lord is. 
Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. 

And when he hath censed the Holy Things, he givelh the censer to the Deacon. 
And taking the holy paten, he setteth it on the head of the Deacon. And the 
Deacon, taking it wtth all reverence, gazeth out through the Holy Door, but 
doth not say anything; and he goeth to the Chapel of Oblation, and there setteth 
it down. Then the Priest taketh the holy chalice, and turning towards the 
Holy Door f he looketh forth upon the People, saying, secretly : 

Blessed is our God. 

And aloud : 
Always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 



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THE DIVINE LITURGY OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 145 

And he beareih the Holy Things to the Chapel of Oblation. 

Choir. Amen. 

Let our mouths be filled with thy praise, O Lord, that we may extol 
thy glory : for that thou hast deigned to make us partakers of thy 
holy, divine, immortal and life-giving Mysteries. Establish us in thy 
Sanctification, that all the day long we may meditate upon thy right- 
eousness. Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia 

Deacon. Having received the divine, holy, pure, immortal, heavenly, 
life-giving and terrible Mysteries of Christ, O believers, let us worthily 
give thanks unto the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Having besought an evening all-perfect, holy, peaceful and sinless, let 
us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto Christ our 
God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

{Here the corporal is folded, and the book of the Holy Gospels is set upon it.) 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art our sanctification, and unto thee we ascribe glory, 
to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest. Let us depart in peace. 

Choir. In the Name of the Lord. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

The Prayer before the Tribuke is then said, aloud : 

O Almighty Lord, who hast made all created things in wisdom, and 
by thine inexpressible Providence and great goodness hast brought us 
to these all-holy days, for the purification of body and soul, for the con- 
trolling of carnal passions, and for the hope of the Resurrection; who, 
during the forty days didst give into the hand of thy servant Moses the 
Tables of the Law, in characters divinely traced by thee: Enable us 
also, O Good One, to fight the good fight ; to accomplish the course of 
the Fast ; to preserve inviolate the faith ; to crush underfoot the heads 
of invisible serpents ; to be accounted victors over sin ; and uncon- 
demned to attain unto and adore the holy Resurrection. For blessed 
and glorified is thine all-honourable and majestic Name, of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. 



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146 



THE DIVINE LITURGY- OF THE PRESANCTIFIED 



Choir, Amen. 

Blessed be the Name of the 
Lord henceforth and for ever. 
{Thrice.} 

And Psalm xxxiv.: I will alway 
give thanks. . . . {See page 121.) 



The Priest^ secretly : 

O Lord our God, who hast 
brought us to these all*holy days, 
and hast made us partakers of thy 
terrible Mysteries : Unite us to 
thy rational flock, and make us 
heirs of thy kingdom, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 



1 



Then the Priest cometk forth, and standing in his accustomed place % he saitk : 

The blessing of the Lord, through his grace and love towards man- 
kind, be upon you always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

Then he besioweth the Benediction. 

May Christ our true God, through the prayers of his all-holy 
Mother ; of the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles ; and of Saint 
N. {the Saint of the day) ; and of our father in the Saints, Gregory 
Homiliastes, and of all the Saints, have mercy upon us and save us, 
for he is good and loveth mankind. 

After this Final Benediction, the rest of the ceremony followeth as at the ordinary 
Liturgy ; except that instead of the Hymns there used, the Hymn here follow- 
ing is read; 

Hymn in Tone IV. 

That which constituteth the verity of things revealeth thee as a Rule 
of the faith, a Pattern of meekness and a Preceptor of continence to 
thy flock : wherefore thou, through humility, didst win exaltation, and 
by poverty didst win wealth. O Father Gregory, sainted Leader, pray 
thou unto Christ our God, that he will save our souls. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Holy Birth-giver of God. 

O Protection of Christians that maketh not ashamed, O Mediatrix 
never-failing with the Creator: Despise not the sinners' voice of sup- 
plication ; but in that thou art good, come speedily to the aid of us who 
faithfully call upon thee; make haste to our petition and further our 
prayer, O Birth-giver of God, who ever protectest them that do thee 
honour. 

END. 

(General Note. — If a Bishop be the celebrant, he communicateth himself and 
the Clergy as indicated in the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and St. Basil; 
and the Choir chanteth at the usual places .• Eis polli. £ti, D&pota.) 



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THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE* 

The Priest saith : Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Reader. Amen. Glory to thee, our God ; glory to thee. 

O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of Truth, who art in all places 
and fillest all things ; Treasury of good things and Giver of life : Come 
and take up thine abode in us, and cleanse us from every stain ; and save 
our souls, O Good One. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. (Thrice > and three reverences.") 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal 
our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Reader, Amen. Lord, have mercy. (Thrice.) 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us worship 
and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. (Three 
reverences.) 

And if it be during the first week of the Great Fast (Lent), we begin : 

Psalm lxx. 



Haste thee, O God, to deliver me; make haste to help me, O 
Lord. Let them be ashamed and confounded that seek after my 
soul ; let them be turned backward and put to confusion that wish 
me evil. Let them for their reward be soon brought to shame, that 



N 

3 



* Grand Compline is said not only alone, but also in conjunction with Matins (Vespers 
being said separately) to form the All-Night Vigil Service on the Eves of Christmas and the 
Epiphany ; and sometimes on the Eve of the Annunciation. 



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i 4 8 THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 

cry over me, There ! there ! But let all those that seek thee be 
joyful and glad in thee : and let all such as delight in thy salvation 
say alway, The Lord be praised. As for me, I am poor and in 
misery : haste thee unto me, O God. Thou art my helper and my 
redeemer: O Lord, make no long tarrying. 

And when this is finished, the Great Canon of St. Andrew of Crete is chanted. 
But otherwise, the beginning is as followeth : 
Psalm iv. 

Hear me, when I call, O God of my righteousness : thou hast set me 
at liberty, when I was in trouble ; have mercy upon me, and hearken 
unto my prayer. O ye sons of men, how long will ye blaspheme mine 
honour, and have such pleasure in vanity, and seek after falsehood ? 
Know this also, that the Lord hath chosen to himself the man that is 
godly ; when I call upon the Lord he will hear me. Stand in awe, and 
sin not ; commune with your own heart, and in your chamber, and be 
still. Offer the sacrifice of righteousness, and put your trust in the 
Lord. There be many that say, Who will show us any good ? Lord, 
lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us. Thou hast put glad- 
ness in my heart, since the time that their corn, and wine, and oil 
increased. I will lay me down in peace, and take my rest ; for it is thou, 
Lord, only, that makest me dwell in safety. 

Psalm vi. 

O Lord, rebuke me not ki thine indignation, neither chasten me in 
thy displeasure. Have mercy upon me, O Lord, for I am weak ; 
Lord, heal me, for my bones are vexed. My soul also is sore troubled : 
but, Lord, how long wilt thou punish me? Turn thee, O Lord, and 
deliver my soul ; O save me, for thy mercy's sake. For in death no 
man remembereth thee ; and who will give thee thanks in the pit ? I 
am weary of my groaning : every night wash I my bed, and water my 
couch with my tears. My beauty is gone for very trouble, and worn 
away because of all mine enemies. Away from me, all ye that work 
vanity ; for the Lord hath heard the voice of my weeping. The Lord 
hath heard my petition ; the Lord will receive my prayer. All mine en- 
emies shall be confounded, and sore vexed ; they shall be turned back, 
and put to shame suddenly. 

Psalm xiii. 

How long wilt thou forget me, O Lord ; for ever? how long wilt thou 
hide thy face from me ? How long shall I seek counsel in my soul, and 
be so vexed in my heart ? how long shall mine enemies triumph over 
me ? Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God ; lighten mine eyes, that 
I sleep not in death ; lest mine enemy say, I have prevailed against 
him : for if I be cast down, they that trouble me will rejoice at it. But 
my trust is in thy mercy, and my heart is joyful in thy salvation. I will 



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THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 149 

sing of the Lord, because he hath dealt so lovingly with me ; yea, I will 
praise the Name of the Lord most Highest. Consider, and hear me, O 
Lord my God : lighten mine eyes, that I sleep not in death ; lest mine 
enemy say, I have prevailed against him. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia. Glory to thee, O God. {Thrice> and three 
reverences.} 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.} 

Glory . . . now, 2nd ever, ... 

Psalm xxv. 

Unto thee, O Lord, will I lift up my soul ; my God, I have put my 
trust in thee : O let me not be confounded, neither let mine enemies 
triumph over me. For all they that hope in thee shall not be ashamed ; 
but such as transgress without a cause shall be put to confusion. Show 
me thy ways, O Lord, and teach me thy paths. Lead me forth in thy 
truth, and learn me : for thou art the God of my salvation ; in thee hath 
been my hope all the day long. Call to remembrance, O Lord, thy 
tender mercies, and thy loving-kindnesses, which have been ever of old. 
O remember not the sins and offences of my youth ; but according to 
thy mercy think thou upon me, O Lord, for thy goodness. Gracious 
and righteous is the Lord ; therefore will he teach sinners in the way. 
Them that are meek shall he guide in judgment : and such as are gentle, 
them shall he learn his way. All the pathsfcof the Lord are mercy and 
truth, unto such as keep his covenant and his testimonies. For thy 
Name's sake, O Lord, be merciful unto my sin ; for it is great. What 
man is he that feareth the Lord? him shall he teach in the way that he 
shall choose. His soul shall dwell at ease, and his seed shall inherit 
the land. The secret of the Lord is among them that fear him ; and he 
will show them his covenant. Mine eyes are ever looking unto the 
Lord ; for he shall pluck my feet out of the net. Turn thee unto me, 
and have mercy upon me ; for I am desolate, and in misery. The sor- 
rows of my heart are enlarged : O bring thou me out of my troubles. 
Look upon my adversity and misery, and forgive me all my sin. Con- 
sider mine enemies, how many they are ; and they bear a tyrannous 
hate against me. O keep my soul, and deliver me ; let me not be con- 
founded, for I have put my trust in thee. Let perfectness and righteous 
dealing wait upon me ; for my hope hath been in thee. Deliver Israel, 
O God, out of all his troubles. 

Psalm xxxi. 

In thee, O Lord, have I put my trust ; let me never be put to con- 
fusion ; deliver me in thy righteousness. Bow down thine ear to me ; 
make haste to deliver me. And be thou my strong rock, and house of 
defence, that thou mayest save me. For thou art my strong rock, and 



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150 THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 

my castle : be thou also my guide, and lead me for thy Name's sake. 
Draw me out of the net that they have laid privily for me ; for thou 
art my strength. Into thy hands I commend my spirit ; for thou 
hast redeemed me, O Lord, thou God of truth. I have hated them 
that hold of superstitious vanities, and my trust hath been in the 
Lord. I will be glad, and rejoice in thy mercy ; for thou hast con- 
sidered my trouble, and hast known my soul in adversities. Thou hast 
not shut me up into the hand of the enemy ; but hast set my feet 
in a large room. Have mercy upon me, O Lord, for I am in trouble, 
and mine eye is consumed for very heaviness; yea, my soul and my 
, body. For my life is waxen old with heaviness, and my years with 
mourning. My strength faileth me, because of mine iniquity, and my 
bones are consumed. I became a reproof among all mine enemies, but 
especially among my neighbours ; and they of mine acquaintance were 
afraid of me ; and they that did see me without, conveyed themselves 
from me. I am clean forgotten as a dead man out of mind ; I am be- 
come like a broken vessel. For I have heard the blasphemy of the 
multitude, and fear is on every side ; while they conspire together 
against me, and take their counsel to take away my life. But my hope 
hath been in thee, O Lord ; I have said, Thou art my God. My time is 
in thy hand ; deliver me from the hand of mine enemies, and from them 
that persecute me. Show thy servant the light of thy countenance, and 
save me for thy mercy's sake. Let me not be confounded, O Lord, for 
I have called upon thee; let the ungodly be put to confusion,. and be 
put to silence in the grave. • Let the lying lips be put to silence, which 
cruelly, disdainfully, and despitef ully speak against the righteous. O how 
plentiful is thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear 
thee, and that thou hast prepared for them that put their trust in thee, 
even before the sons of men ! Thou shalt hide them privily by thine 
own presence from the provoking of all men : thou shalt keep them 
secretly in thy tabernacle from the strife of tongues. Thanks be to the 
Lord ; for he hath showfed me marvellous great kindness in a strong 
city. And when I made haste, I said, I am cast out of the sight of 
thine eyes. Nevertheless, thou heardest the voice of my prayer, when 
I cried unto thee. O love the Lord, all ye his saints ; for the Lord pre- 
served them that are faithful, and plenteously rewardeth the proud 
doer. Be strong, and he shall establish your heart, all ye that put your 
trust in the Lord. 

Psalm xci. 

Whoso dwelleth under the defence of the Most High, shall abide 
under the shadow of the Almighty. I will say unto the Lord, Thou art 
my hope, and my stronghold ; my God, in him will I trust. For he shall 
deliver thee from the snare of the hunter, and from the noisome pesti- 
lence. He shall defend thee under his wings, and thou shalt be safe 
under his feathers; his faithfulness and truth shall be thy shield and 



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THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 



IS' 



buckler. Thou shalt not be afraid for any terror by night, nor for the 
arrow that flieth by day; for the pestilence that walketh in darkness, 
nor for the sickness that destroyeth in the noonday. A thousand shall 
fall beside thee, and ten thousand at thy right hand ; but it shall not 
come nigh thee. Yea, with thine eyes shalt thou behold, and see the 
reward of the ungodly. For thou, Lord, art my hope; thou hast set 
thine house of defence very high. There shall no evil happen unto 
thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. For he shall give 
his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. THey shall 
bear thee in their hands, that thou hurt not thy foot against a stone. 
Thou shalt go upon the lion and adder : the young lion and the dragon 
shalt thou tread under thy feet. Because he hath set his love upon me, 
therefore will I deliver him; I will set him up, because he hath known 
my Name. He shall call upon me, and I will hear him ; yea, I am with 
him in trouble ; I will deliver him and bring him to honour. With long 
life will I satisfy him, and show him my salvation. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia: glory to thee, O God. {Thrice, and three 
reverences.} Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

Then the Choir chanteth the Verses , singing them with sweet melody, slowly and 
loudly. 

God is with us : understand, ye nations, and submit yourselves : for 
God is with us. t 

And the second Choir repeateth the same. 

Then each Choir singeth a Verse in turn. And to each Verse the Refrain is 
sung: 

For God is with us. 

Hear ye, even unto the uttermost ends of the earth : ft 
If again ye shall rise up in your might, again shall ye be over- 
thrown : ft 

If any take counsel together, them shall the Lord destroy : ft 
And the word which ye shall speak shall not abide in you : ft 
For we fear not your terror, neither are we troubled : ft 
But the Lord our God, he it is to whom we will ascribe holiness, 
and him will we fear : ft 

And if I put my trust in him, he shall be my sanctification : ft 
I will set my hope on him, and through him shall I be saved : ft 
Lo, I and the children whom God hath given me : ft 
The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light : ft 
And they that dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, on them 
hath the light shined : ft 
For unto us a son is born, unto us a child is given : ft 
And the government shall be upon his shoulder : ft 



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152 THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 

And of his peace there shall be no end : ft 

And his Name shall be called in the great Council of the 
Angels: ft 

Wonderful, Counsellor: ft 

The Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the Prince of 
Peace: ft 

The Father of the world to come : ft 

And when the Verses have been sung by the Choirs alternately, as ordered, there 
is sung : 

God is with us : understand, ye nations, and submit yourselves : for 
God is with us. 

Then both Choirs sing, once : Glory . . . First Choir For God is with 
us. Now, and ever, . . . Second Choir, For God is with us. 

Then both Choirs. For God is with us. 

And immediately, the following Hymns : 

The day is past ; I thank thee, O Lord : Grant me, I entreat thee, 
that this evening and this night I fall into no sin ; and save me, O my 
Saviour. 

Second Choir. Glory . . . The day is past ; I sing praises unto thee, 
O Master. Grant, I entreat thee, that this evening and this night I may 
be without guile ; and save me, O Saviour. 

Both Choirs. Now, and ever, . . . The day is past : I hymn thee, 
Holy One. Grant, I entreat thee, that this evening and this night I 
may be assailed by no temptation ; and save me, O Saviour. 

The Choirs, in unison: With songs unceasing the Bodiless Powers of 
the Cherubim glorify thee; the six-winged beings, the Seraphim, with 
voices perpetual, extol thee exceedingly. With thrice-holy songs, all the 
Host of the Angels laud thee. For thou art the Father before all worlds, 
and hast with thee thy Son, who also is from everlasting ; and hast 
also the Spirit of Life, coequal in honour, and showest forth the Trinity 
Undivided. O most holy Virgin, Mother of God, and ye eye-witnesses 
and servants of the Word, with all the company of the Prophets and 
the Martyrs, who have attained unto life immortal : Pray ye zealously 
for us all, for all we are in dire distress ; that, being delivered from the 
wiles of the Evil One, we may loudly sing the Angelic Song : Holy, 
Holy, Holy Thrice-Holy Lord, have mercy upon us, and save us. 
Amen, < 

And immediately, in a lower voice; 

I believe in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth, And of all things visible and invisible : 

And in one Lord Jesus Christ,' the only-begotten Son of God, Begot- 
ten of his Father before all worlds; Light of Light, Very God of very 
God, Begotten, not made, Being of one Essence with the Father ; By 
whom all things were made ; Who, for us men, and for our salvation, 



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THE OFFICE OF QRAND COMPLINE 153 

came down from heaven, And was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of 
the Virgin Mary, And was made man. And was crucified also for us 
under Pontius Pilate ; and suffered and was buried. And the third day 
he rose again, according to the Scriptures. And ascended into heaven, 
And sitteth on the right hand of the Father. And he shall come again 
with glory to judge both the quick and the dead; Whose kingdom shall 
have no end. 

And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life, Who pro- 
ceedeth from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son together 
is worshipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets. In one Holy 
Catholic and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one Baptism for the 
remission of sins. I look for the Resurrection of the dead, And the 
Life of the world to come. Amen. 

Then straightway the All-Holy : 

O all-holy Sovereign Lady, Birth-giver of God, pray for us sinners. 
{Thrice.} 

O all ye heavenly Host of Angels and Archangels, pray for us sin- 
ners. {Twice.) 

O holy John, Prophet, and Forerunner, and Baptist of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, pray for us sinners. {Twice.) 

O holy, glorious Apostles, Prophets and Martyrs, and all Saints, pray 
for us sinners. {Twice.) 

O ye, our reverend and God-fearing Fathers, Pastors and (Ecumenical 
Teachers, pray for us sinners. {Twice.) 

Then the Patron Saint of the Church is invoked; 

O invincible, and ineffable, and divine power of the Honourable and 
Life-giving Cross, forsake not us sinners. {Twice.) 

O God, cleanse us sinners. ( Twice.) 

O God* cleanse us sinners, and have mercy upon us. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . O 
all-holy Trinity, . . . Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Glory . . . now, 
and ever, . . . Our Father, . . . Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 
Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . {See page 147.) 

And if a Feast be impending, then the Hymns for that Feast are sung. Othe«* 
wise, the following Hymns are used: 

On Monday and Wednesday Evenings, Tone II. ; 

Lighten mine eyes, O Christ my God, that I sleep not unto death; 
lest mine enemy say : I have prevailed against him. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Be thou the defender of my soul, O God, for I walk amid a multitude 
of snares. Deliver me from them and save me, O Good One: for thou 
lovest mankind. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And since, through our manifold iniquities, we have no boldness, do 



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154 THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 

thou, O Virgin Birth-giver of God, make fervent entreaty unto him who 
was born of thee : for the prayer of a mother availeth much unto the 
benignity of the Master. Despise not the petitions of sinners, O All- 
Pure One ; for gracious and mighty to save is he who deigned to suffer 
for us. 

On Tuesday and Thursday Evenings the following Hymns shall be sung. Tone 

Thou knowest, O Lord my Creator, the sleepless vigilance of mine 
invisible enemies, and the frailty of my miserable flesh. Into thy 
hands, therefore, will I commit my spirit. Cover me with the wings of 
thy goodness, that I sleep not unto death ; and enlighten the eyes of 
my spiritual understanding, that I may delight in thy divine words : 
and make me, in a time, acceptable unto thee, to glorify thee in praise, 
as the only Good One, who loveth mankind. 

Verse; Look upon me, and give ear unto me, O Lord my God. 

How terrible is thy Judgment, O Lord, when the angels stand round 
about, and men are led before thee ; and the books are opened, and 
deeds are tried ; and all thoughts are searched out. What judgment 
shall then be awarded unto me, who was conceived in sins? Who shall 
quench the flame for me? Who shall enlighten my darkness, if not 
thou, O Lord, who showest mercy upon me because of thy love towards 
mankind ? 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit 

Grant me tears, O God, as once to the sinning woman of old : And 
graciously vouchsafe that I may wash thy feet which delivered me from 
the path of straying, and that I may offer unto thee an incense of sweet 
savour, even a pure life, fashioned by my repentance. And so shall I, 
also, hear thy voice which I long for, saying : Thy faith hath saved thee ; 
go in peace. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God. 

In that I have in thee, O Birth-giver of God, that hope which maketh 
not ashamed, I shall be saved ; in that I possess thy intercession, O 
All-Pure One, I will not fear. I will follow hard after mine enemies, 
and put them to flight, invested only, as it were in a cuirass, with 
thy protection and all-powerful aid. Fervently imploring I cry unto 
thee : O Lady, save me by thy prayers, and raise me up again from 
gloomy sleep to glorify thee in song, by the might of the Son of God, 
who through thee was made flesh. 

Lord, have mercy. {Forty times.) 

Glory . . . now, and ever . . . 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more 
glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God 
the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 



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THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 155 

Bless, Father, in the Name of the Lord. 

Priest Through the prayers of our holy fathers, have mercy upon 
us, O Lord Jesus Christ our God. Amen. 

Then shall this Prayer of St. Basil the Great be said: 

O Lord, Lord, who deliverest us from all the arrows that fly by day, 
deliver thou us, also, from all the things that infest the darkness. Accept 
our evening sacrifice, even the lifting-up of our hands. Grant that we 
may pass through the course of the night without sin, untempted of 
evil things ; and deliver us from every alarm and cowardice that cometh 
to us from the Devil. Grant unto our souls contrition, and unto our 
minds anxiety concerning that strict searching out of the thoughts 
which shall come in the dread and just Day of Judgment. Nail our 
flesh to the fear of thee, and mortify our earthly members : that, in 
the quietness of sleep, we may be illuminated by the vision of thy judg- 
ments. Remove from us, also, every unseemly imagination and hurtful 
carnal passion. Raise us up again at the hour of prayer fortified in the 
faith, and advancing in thy commandments ; through the favour and 
goodness of thine Only-begotten Son, with whom thou art glorified, 
together with thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then immediately the Priest shall exclaim : 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us wor- 
ship and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. 
(Three reverences*} 

Psalm li. 

Have mercy upon me, O God, after thy great goodness ; according 
to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences. Wash me 
throughly from my wickedness, and cleanse me from my sin. For I 
acknowledge my faults, and my sin is ever before me. Against thee 
only have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight ; that thou mightest 
be justified in thy saying, and clear when thou art judged. Behold, I 
was shapen in wickedness, and in sin hath my mother conceived me. 
But lo, thou requirest truth in the inward parts, and shalt make me to 
understand wisdom secretly. Thou shalt purge me with hyssop, and I 
shall be clean ; thou shalt wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 
Thou shalt make me hear of joy and gladness, that the bones which 
thou hast broken may rejoice. Turn thy face from my sins, and put 
out all my misdeeds. Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right 
spirit within me. Cast me not away from thy presence, and take not 
thy holy Spirit from me. O give me the comfort of thy help again, and 
stablish me with thy free Spirit. Then shall I teach thy ways unto the 
wicked, and sinners shall be converted unto thee. Deliver me from 
blood-guiltiness, O God, thou that art the God of my health, and my 



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156 THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 

tongue shall sing of thy righteousness. Thou shalt open my lips, 
Lord, and my mouth shall show thy praise. For thou desirest no sacri- 
fice, else would I give it thee; but thou delightest not in burnt-offerings. 
The sacrifice of God is a troubled spirit : a broken and contrite heart, 

God, shalt thou not despise. O be favourable and gracious unto 
Sion : build thou the walls of Jerusalem. Then shalt thou be pleased 
with the sacrifice of righteousness, with the burnt-offerings and obla- 
tions: then shall they offer young bullocks upon thine altar. 

Psalm cii. 

Hear my prayer, O Lord, and let my crying come unto thee. Hide 
not thy face from me in the time of my trouble ; incline thine ear unto 
me when I call ; O hear me, and that right soon. For my days are 
consumed away like smoke, and my bones are burnt up as it were a 
firebrand. My heart is smitten down, and withered like grass ; so that 

1 forget to eat my bread. For the voice of my groaning, my bones will 
scarce cleave to my flesh. I am become like a pelican in the wilder- 
ness, and like an owl that is in the desert. I have watched, and am 
even as it were a sparrow, that sitteth alone upon the house-top. Mine 
enemies revile me all the day long ; and they that are mad upon me are 
sworn together against me. For I have eaten ashes as it were bread, 
and mingled my drink with weeping ; and that, because of thine indig- 
nation and wrath; for thou hast taken me up, and cast me down. My 
days are gone like a shadow, and I am withered like grass. But thou, 
O Lord, shalt endure forever, and thy remembrance throughout all 
generations. Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Sion ; for it is 
time that thou have mercy upon her, yea, the time is come. And why? 
thy servants think upon her stones, and it pitieth them to see her in 
the dust. The heathen shall fear thy Name, O Lord : and all the kings 
of the earth thy majesty; when the Lord shall build up Sion, and 
when his glory shall appear ; when he turneth him unto the prayer of 
the poor destitute, and despiseth not their desire. This shall be writ- 
ten for those that come after, and the people which shall be born shall 
pVaise the Lord. For he hath looked down from his sanctuary : out 
of the heaven did the Lord behold the earth; that he might hear 
the mournings of such as are in captivity, and deliver the children 
appointed unto death ; that they may declare the Name of the Lord 
in Sion, and his worship at Jerusalem ; when the people are gathered 
together, and the kingdoms also, to serve the Lord. He brought down 
my strength in my journey, and shortened my days. But I said, O my 
God, take me not away in the midst of mine age ; as for thy years, they 
endure throughout all generations. Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast 
laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy 
hands. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure : they all shall wax old 
as doth a garment ; and as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they 
shall be changed ; but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail 



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THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 157 

The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall stand 
fast in thy sight. 

The Prayer of Manasses, King of Judah. 

O Lord Almighty, thou God of our fathers, of Abraham, of Isaac, 
and of Jacob, and of their righteous seed ; who hast made heaven and 
earth, with all the firmament thereof ; who hast bound the sea with the 
word of thy commandment ; who h&st shut up the deep and sealed it with 
thy terrible and glorious Name : All creatures fear thee, yea, they do 
tremble before the presence of thy power ; for the majesty of thy glory 
cannot be borne, and not to be resisted is the anger of thy threatening 
toward sinners; but thy merciful promise is un measurable and unsearch- 
able. For thou art the Lord most high, of tender compassion, long- 
suffering, rich in mercy, and grievest over the evils of men. Thou, 
O Lord, according to the multitude of thy loving-kindness, hast pro- 
mised repentance and forgiveness to those who have sinned against 
thee; and in the plenitude of thy compassions hast appointed repent- 
ance unto sinners, that they may be saved Thou, therefore, the Lord 
God of Hosts, hast not appointed repentance to the just, to Abraham, 
and to Isaac, and to Jacob, who have not sinned against thee ; but thou 
hast appointed repentance to me a sinner : for my sins are more in 
number than the sands of the sea. My transgressions are multiplied, 

Lord, my transgressions are multiplied, and I am not worthy to 
behold and see the height of heaven because of the multitude of mine 
iniquities. I am bowed down with many iron bands, so that I cannot lift 
up my head by reason of my sins, neither have I any respite : for I have 
provoked thy wrath, and have done that which is evil in thy sight : I 
have not done thy will, neither have I kept thy commandments. Now, 
therefore, I bow the knees of my heart, supplicating grace of thee. 

1 have sinned, O Lord, I have sinned, and I acknowledge mine iniqui- 
ties : but I humbly beseech thee, forgive me, O Lord, forgive me, and 
destroy me not together with mine iniquities, neither preserve thou thy 
divine wrath against my evil deeds forever ; neither condemn me to tlje 
lower parts of the earth. For thou, O Lord, art the God of those who 
are penitent ; and in me wilt thou manifest all thy goodness ; for thou 
wilt save me, unworthy though I be, because of thy great mercy, and I 
will praise thee henceforth, all the days of my life. For all the Host of 
heaven doth sing thy praise, and thine is the glory, unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . {See page 147.) {Thrice, with 
three reverences.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . O all-holy Trinity, 
. .. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Our Father, . . . Lord, have mercy. 
{Twelve times.) Glory . . . now, and ever . . . 

Then shall be sung, in Tone VI., the following Hymns : 
Have mercy upon us, O Lord, have mercy upon us. For we sinners, 



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158 THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 

void of all defence, do offer unto thee this petition, as unto our Master : 
Have mercy upon us. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Have mercy upon us, O God, for we have put our trust in thee. Be 
not exceeding wroth with us, neither call to mind our iniquities ; but 
look down upon us now, also, in thy loving-kindness, and deliver us 
from our enemies. For thou art our God, and we are thy people, we 
are all the work of thy hands, and we call upon thy Name. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogordditehen), 

Open unto us the gate of thy loving-kindness, O blessed Birth-giver 
of God. In that we have set our hope on thee, may we not fail ; but 
through thee may we be delivered from adversities ; for thou art the 
salvation of the race of Christians. 

Lord, have mercy. {Forty times,) . . . Glory . . . now, and ever . . . 

More honourable than the Cherubim, . . . {See page 154.) 

In the Name of the Lord bless, Father. 

Priest, Through the prayers of our holy fathers, O Lord Jesus 
Christ our God, have mercy upon us. 

Amen. 

And the Prayer : 

O Sovereign Master, God, O Father Almighty, O Lord, the Only- 
begotten Son, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit, one Godhead, one 
Power, have mercy upon me, a sinner ; and by means which are known 
unto thee, save me, thine unworthy servant : for blessed art thou unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

Then: O come, let us worship . . . {See page 147.) 

And then shall be read {except when the Great Canon is used) : 
PSALM LXX. 

Haste thee, O God, to deliver me ; make haste to help me, O Lord. 
Let them be ashamed and confounded that seek after my soul ; let them 
be turned backward and put to confusion that wish me eviL Let them 
for their reward be soon brought to shame, that cry over me, There ! 
there ! But let all those that seek thee be joyful and glad in thee : and 
let all such as delight in thy salvation say alway, The Lord be praised. 
As for me, I am poor and in misery : haste thee unto me, O God. Thou 
art my helper, and my redeemer : O Lord, make no long tarrying. 

Psalm cxliii. 

Hear my prayer, O Lord, and consider my desire ; hearken unto me 
for thy truth and righteousness' sake. And enter not into judgment 
with thy servant ; for in thy sight shall no man living be justified. 
For the enemy hath persecuted my soul ; he hath .smitten my life down 



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THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 159 

to the ground ; he hath laid me in the darkness, as the men that have 
been long dead. Therefore is my spirit vexed within me, and my 
heart within me is desolate. Yet do I remember the time past : I 
muse upon all thy works; yea, I exercise myself in the works of thy 
hands. I stretch forth my hands unto thee ; my soul gaspeth unto 
thee as a thirsty land. Hear me, O Lord, and that soon ; for my spirit 
waxeth faint : hide not thy face from me, lest I be like unto them 
that go down into the pit O let me hear thy loving-kindness betimes 
in the morning ; for in thee is my trust : show thou me the way that 
I should walk in; for I lift up my soul unto thee. Deliver me, O Lord, 
from mine enemies ; for I flee unto thee to hide me. Teach me to do 
the thing that pleaseth thee ; for thou art my God : let thy loving 
Spirit lead me forth into the land of righteousness. Quicken me, O 
Lord, for thy Name's sake ; and for thy righteousness' sake bring my 
soul out of trouble. And of thy goodness slay mine enemies, and 
destroy all them that vex my soul ; for I am thy servant. 

Glory be to God on high, and on earth peace, good will towards men. 
We praise thee, we bless thee, we worship thee, we glorify thee, we give 
thanks to thee for thy great glory, O Lord, heavenly King, God the 
Father Almighty. O Lord, the Only-begotten Son, Jesus Christ, and 
the Holy Spirit, O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, that 
takest away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us. Thou that 
takest away the sins of the world, receive our prayer. Thou that sittest 
at the right hand of God the. Father, have mercy upon us. For thou 
only art holy; thou only art the Lord, O Jesus Christ, with the Holy 
Ghost, in the glory of God the Father. Amen. 

Every night will I give thanks unto thee : and praise thy Name for 
ever and ever. 

Lord, thou hast been our refuge, from one generation to another. I 
said, Lord, be merciful unto me : heal my soul, for I have sinned against 
thee. I flee unto thee. Teach me to do thy will ; for thou art my God. 
For with thee is the well of life, and in thy light shall we see light 
continue forth thy loving-kindness unto them that know thee. 

Vouchsafe, O Lord, to keep us this night without sin. Blessed art 
thou, O Lord, the God of our fathers, and praised and glorified is thy 
Name forever. Amen. 

Let thy mercy, be upon us, O Lord, even as we have set our hope 
on thee. Blessed art thou, O Lord ; teach me thy statutes. Blessed 
art thou, O Master; make me to understand thy commandments. 
Blessed art thou, O Holy One; enlighten me with thy precepts. 

Thy mercy, O Lord, endureth forever : O despise not the works of 
thy hands. To thee belongeth worship, to thee belongeth praise, to 
thee belongeth glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, unto ages of ages. Amen. 

If it be the Eve of Christmas* the Epiphany, or the Annunciation^ then shall be 
rung the Canon of the Saint of the day. or of the Birth-giver of God. 



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160 THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 

And at the conclusion of the Canon and the Hymns : 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . (Thrice, with three reverences,) 
Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . O all-holy Trinity, . . . Lord, have 
mercy. {Thrice!) Our Father, . . . For thine is the kingdom, . . . 
Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times!) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 
{Seepage 147.) 

Then shall be sung, in Tone VI. : 

O Lord of Hosts, be with us, for beside thee we have no other helper 
in adversity. Have mercy upon us, O Lord of Hosts. 

Psalm cl. 

First Choir, Verse 1 : O praise God in his holiness : praise him in 
the firmament of his power. 

Refrain. O Lord of Hosts, be with us ; for beside thee we have no 
other helper in adversity. Have mercy upon us, O Lord of Hosts. 

Second Choir, Verse 2 : Praise him in his noble acts : praise him 
according to his excellent greatness. 

And the Refrain of ter every Verse. 

Praise him in the sound of the trumpet : praise him upon the lute 
and harp. 

Praise him in the cymbals and dances : praise him upon the strings 
and pipe. 

Praise him upon the well-tuned cymbals : praise him upon the loud 
cymbals. Let everything that hath breath praise the Lord. 

O praise God in his holiness : praise him in the firmament of his 
power. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit 

O Lord, if we had not thy Saints as our intercessors^and thy gracious 
loving-kindness which showeth mercy upon us, how should we presume, 
O Saviour, to sing unto thee, whom the Angels unceasingly do glorify 
in song ? O thou who knowest hearts, spare thou our souls. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Exceeding great, O Birth-giver of God, is the multitude of my 
transgressions ; I have fled unto thee, O Pure One, entreating salva- 
tion. Visit thou my feeble soul, and pray to thy Son and our God that 
he will grant me remission of the terrible deeds which I have wrought, 
O Only-Blessed One. 

O all-holy Birth-giver of God, forsake me not all the days of my life : 
Give me not over to the protection of men, but do thou.thyself defend 
me and have mercy on me. 

In thee put I my whole trust, O Mother of God : Keep me under thy 
protection. Lord, have mercy. (Forty times.) 

Thou who, at all times and at every hour, . . . (See page 51.) Lord, 
have mercy. (Thrice.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

More honourable than the Cherubim, . . . (Seepage 154.) 



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THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 161 

Bless, Father, in the Name of the Lord. 

Priest God, be merciful unto us, and bless us, and show us the light 
of his countenance, and be merciful unto us. 

Then we make three great reverences, and recite the Prayer of St. Ephraim the 
Syrian. (See page 41.) 

Then : O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . ( Tkrice y with three reverences.) 
Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . O all-holy Trinity, . . . Lord, have 
mercy. (Thrice.) Our Father, . . . For thine is the kingdom, . . . 
Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 
{Seepage 147.) 

And the Prayer of Supplication to the Most Holy Birth-giver of God, 
of Paul) a Monk of the Monastery of the Benefactress. 

O Virgin, pure, spotless, incorrupt, undefiled, all-pure ; thou Bride of 
God and Sovereign Lady, who didst unite the Word of God with men 
through thy most glorious birth-giving, and hast yoked the apostate 
nature of our race with the heavenly ; who art the sole hope of the 
hopeless, and the helper of the assailed, a speedy defender of those who 
flee unto thee, and the refuge of all Christians : Hold not in loathing 
me, a sinner and polluted, who have made myself of no worth through 
my shameful thoughts, and words, and deeds, and who, through sloth- 
fulness of mind have been a slave to the carnal lusts of life. But, in 
that thou art the Mother of the God who loveth mankind, have com- 
passion upon me, a sinner and a prodigal, and accept my prayer which 
is offered unto thee with lips impure ; and exercising thy maternal bold- 
ness, importune thou thy Son, who is also our Master and our Lord, 
that he will open unto me also the compassionate loving-kindness of his 
goodness, and disregarding my countless wickednesses, will turn me 
again unto repentance, and show me forth a well-skilled doer of his 
commandments. And be thou ever present with me, in that thou art 
gracious, and pitiful, and full of loving-kindness : For thou art a fer- 
vent Mediatrix and Helper who, in this present life, repellest theassaults 
of adversaries, and guidest me unto salvation, and at the hour of death 
carest diligently for my wretched soul, driving far from it the dark 
forms of evil spirits ; and in the dread Judgment Day thou shalt deliver 
me from punishment eternal, and shalt manifest me an heir of the 
glory ineffable of thy Son and our God : All which I shall obtain, O 
Lady and most holy Birth-giver of God, by thy mediation and inter- 
cession, through the mercy and love toward mankind of thine Only- 
begotten Son, to whom are due all glory, honour and worship, together 
with his Father, who is from everlasting, and his all-holy, and good, and 
life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Another Prayer, To our Lord Jesus Christ, by Antiochus, a Monk of the 
Monastery of the Pandect. 

And grant unto us, O Master, as we lay us down to sleep, repose 

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162 THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 

both of body and of soul, and preserve us from the gloomy slumber 
of sin, and from every dark and nocturnal sensuality. Calm thou the 
impulses of carnal desires : quench the fiery darts of the Evil One which 
are craftily directed against us. Assuage the rebellions of our flesh. Still 
our every earthly and material anxiety ; and vouchsafe unto us, O God, 
a watchful mind, a chaste reason, a sober heart, sleep gentle and free 
from every vision of the Devil ; and raise us up again at the hour of 
prayer, strengthened in thy precepts, and holding steadfastly within us 
the memory of thy commandments. Grant that all the night long we 
may sing praises unto thee, and that we may hymn, and bless, and glorify 
thine all-honourable and majestic Name, of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O exceeding glorious, ever-virgin Mother of Christ our God, bear 
thou our petitions unto thy Son and our God, and implore thou him 
that, through thee, he will save our souls. 

Another Prayer, by St. loannikius. 

The Father is my hope ; the Son is my refuge ; the Holy Spirit is 
my protector. O Holy Trinity, glory to thee. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Bless. 

And immediately the Priest sailh, aloud, white we kneel humbly : 

O Master, great in mercy, Lord Jesus Christ our God : through the 
prayers of our all-pure Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin 
Mary ; through the might of the precious and life-giving Cross ; through 
the prayers of the Bodiless Powers of Heaven ; of the honourable, glo- 
rious Prophet, Forerunner and Baptist, John ; of the holy, glorious and 
all-laudable Apostles ; of the holy, glorious and gloriously triumphant 
Martyrs ; of our venerable and God-bearing fathers ; of the holy, right- 
eous Ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna ; and of all the Saints : Make 
our prayer acceptable. Grant unto us remission of our iniquities. Hide 
us under the shadow of thy wings. Drive far from us every foe and 
adversary. Give peace to our life. Have mercy upon us and upon thy 
world, O Lord, and save our souls, in that thou art merciful and lovest 
mankind. 

Then the Superior maketh a reverence to the earth (if it be in a monastery), and 
saith to the Brethren ; 

Bless me, holy Fathers. Pardon me, a sinner. 

And the Brethren : 

May God pardon thee, holy Father. 

Let us pray for our Holy Synod {or Patriarch) ; for our Bishop {or 
Archbishop, or Metropolitan), N., for the honourable Presbytery, the 
Diaconate in Christ, and for all the clergy and the laity : 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 



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THE OFFICE OF GRAND COMPLINE 163 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authori- j 
ties (Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or President, according to the 
elements and nationalities of which the Parish is constituted). 

For the welfare and strengthening of the Christ-loving Army and 
Navy: ft 

For our Father (N)., and for all our brethren in Christ : ft 

For those who hate us and who love us : ft 

For those who are kind to us and who serve us : 

For those who have enjoined us to pray for 
though we be : ft For the release of prisoners 

For our departed fathers and brethren : ft 

For those who sail upon the sea : ft 

For those who lie sick : ft 

Let us pray, also, for abundance of the fruits of the earth 

And for every soul of Orthodox Christians : ft 

Let us intercede for our God-fearing Tzars : ft 

For Orthodox Bishops, and for the wardens of this holy Temple 
(or habitation) : ft 

For our parents and brethren, and for all Orthodox believers, de- 
parted this life before us, who here, and in all the world, lie asleep 
in the Lord : ft 

Superior. Let us say also for ourselves. 

We. Lord, have mercy. (Thrice.) 

Through the prayers of our holy Fathers, O Lord Jesus Christ 
our God, have mercy upon us. 

And we go forth after we have said this Prayer : 

Forgive, O Lord who lovest man, those who hate us, and those who 
have wronged us. Do well ,unto those who do well. Grant unto our 
brethren and our kin those petitions which are unto salvation and life 
eternal. Visit the sick, and grant them healing. Guide thou those who 
sail upon the sea. Journey with those who journey. Succour thou our 
Sovereign. Unto those who have served us and have been kind to us, 
grant forgiveness of their sins. Upon those who have enjoined us, un- 
worthy though we be, to pray for them, have mercy, according to thy 
great goodness. Have in remembrance, O Lord, our fathers and brethren 
who have fallen asleep, and give them rest where the light of thy coun- 
tenance shall visit them. Remember, O Lord, our brethren who are in 
captivity, and release them from all the difficulties which beset them. 
Remember, O Lord, those who bring gifts, and the benefactors of thy 
holy churches, and grant them those petitions which are unto salvation 
and life eternal. Remember, also, O Lord, us, thy humble, and sinful, and 
unworthy servants, and illumine our minds with the light of thy wisdom, 
and guide us in the way of thy commandments. Through the prayers of 
our all-pure Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, and of 
all thy Saints : For blessed art thou unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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SPECIAL SERVICES 



VARIABLE PORTIONS OF THE SERVICES ON THE GREAT FEASTS 
IN THE REGULAR COURSE OF THE CHURCH YEAR 



THE NATIVITY OF THE MOST HOLY BIRTH- 
GIVER OF GOD 

At the All-Night Vigil 

The Stanza (Stikhira) for : Lord, I have cried : In Tone VI To-day 
hath God who sittetb on supersensual thrones prepared for himself upon 
earth a holy throne. He who in wisdom established the heavens hath, 
in his love toward mankind, made a living heaven ; for from a barren 
root hath he made to bourgeon forth to us a life-bearing garden, even 
his Mother. Thou who art the. God of wonders, and the hope of the 
hopeless, O Lord, glory to thee. 

s Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And again the Stanza: To-day hath God who sitteth . . . 

The Gradual (Prokimen) for the Day. 

The Parables (Paremii). Genesis xxviii. 10-17 ; Ezek. xliii 27, xliv. 
1-4; Prov. ix. 1— 11. 

The Stanza at the Litiyd, in Tone VIII (by Patriarch Sergius\ On 
this blessed illustrious day of our Feast, let us sound the spiritual 
trumpets : for she who is of the seed of David is born this day as the 
Mother of Life, dispersing darkness ; who also is the renewal of Adam 
and the recall of Eve, the fountain of incorruption, and the annihilation 
of corruption ; through whom, also, we have become godlike, and have 
been delivered from death. And unto her, with Gabriel, let us cry, O ye 
faithful : Hail, thou that art full of grace! The Lord is with thee, for 
thy sake giving unto us great mercy. 

The Hymn for the Day (Trppdr), in Tone IV Thy holy Nativity, O 
virgin Birth-giver of God, hath proclaimed joy unto all the universe; 
for from thee is risen the Sun of Righteousness, even Christ our God. 
And having destroyed the curse, he hath bestowed a blessing; and 
having brought Death to naught, he hath given unto us life eternaL 

The Exaltation (Velitchdnie). We magnify thee, O most holy Virgin, 
and do homage to thy holy Parents, and exalt thy glorious Nativity. 

The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Fourth Tone. I will call to remem- 
brance thy name from generation to generation. 

Verse (Stikk) : My heart is inditing of a good matter. 



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NATIVITY OF THE MOST HOLY BIRTH-GIVER OF GOD 165 

Verse: Praise ye God in his Saints. 
714* Gospel. Luke i. 39-49, 56. ' 

THE CANON. 

The First Canon. Tone II. (St. John of Damascus.) 

Theme-Songs (Irmosi). I. Come, O ye people, let us sing a song 
unto Christ-God, who parted asunder the Sea, and guided through 
it the nation which he had brought forth from the bondage of Egypt : 
for gloriously hath he been glorified. 

III. Establish us in thee, O Lord, who through the Tree didst anni- 
hilate sin, and implant the fear of thee in the hearts of us who sing 
praises unto thee. 

IV. I have heard, O Lord, the fame of thy dispensation, and have 
glorified thee, who alone lovest mankind. 

V. O thou who didst dispel the dim obscurity of the dark sayings 
in the Scriptures, and didst illumine the hearts of the faithful by the 
advent of truth through the God-Maiden : Guide thou us, also, by thy 
light, O Christ. 

VI. From within the whale Jonah cried unto the Lord : Lead me 
forth, I beseech thee, from the depths of Hell unto thee ; that unto 
thee, as the deliverer, with the voice of praise, and in the spirit of truth, 
I may offer sacrifice. 

VI L The bush which upon the mount burned with fire and the 
Chaldaean furnace which dropped dew, clearly foreshadowed thee, the 
Bride of God : for, unconsumed by the flame, thou didst receive 
the immaterial Fire Divine in thy material womb. For which cause we 
cry unto him who was born of thee : Blessed be thou, O God of our 
fathers. 

VIII. In the furnace of the Children thou didst, of old, foreshadow 
thy Mother, O Lord, and this foreshadowing saved from the fire those 
who walked in the midst thereof unconsumed. Her who, through 
thee, is manifested unto the ends of the world, to-day we hymn and 
magnify exceedingly. 

IX. Thee, who from thy Virgin womb didst incarnate God, the 
Light which shone forth before the Sun was made, and came down to 
us in the flesh, O blessed, all-pure Birthgiver of God, we magnify. 

In place of: My soul doth magnify the Lord : the Refrains : 

Magnify, O my soul, the most glorious Nativity of the Mother of 
God. 

Magnify, O my soul, Mary the Virgin, who of the barren one was 
born. 

At the Liturgy. 

The Introit: The Hymn for the Day. {See page 164.) 

The Collect-Hymn {Konddk\ Joachim and Anna were delivered 



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l66 NATIVITY OF THE MOST HOLY BIRTH-GIVER OF GOD 

from the reproach of childlessness, and Adam and Eve from the cor- 
ruption of death, at thy holy Nativity, O All-pure One. This do thy 
people celebrate, being redeemed from the guilt of transgressions, 
when they cry unto thee : The barren giveth birth to the Birth-giver 
of God and the Nourishes of our Life. 

The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Fourth Tone. My soul doth magnify 
the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. 

Verse (Stikh) : For he hath regarded the lowliness of his hand- 
maiden. For behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me 
blessed. 

The Epistle. Phil. ii. 5-1 1. 

Alleluia. {Tone VIIL) Hearken, O Daughter, and behold, and incline 
thine ear. 

Verse : A rich nation shall worship before thy presence. 

The Gospel. Luke x. 38-42, xl 27, 28. 

The Hymn in place of: Meet is it : The Ninth Theme~Song of the 
Second Canon. Alien to mothers is virginity, and strange unto virgins 
is child-birth ; in thee, O Birth-giver of God, were both achieved. 
Wherefore all we nations of the earth unceasingly do magnify thee. 

The Communion Hymn. I will take the cup of salvation, and call 
upon the Name of the Lord. 



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THE ELEVATION OF THE PRECIOUS CROSS 
OF THE LORD 

(THE I4TH OF SEPTEMBER. A STRICT FAST.) 

At the All-Night Vigil ' 

The Stanza {Stikhira) for: Lord, I have cried : In Tone VL The 
Cross, being set up, doth command every created being to sing the 
most pure Passion of him who was lifted up thereon. For having upon 
the same slain him who had slain us, he endowed with life those who 
were slain, and adorned them, and vouchsafed that they might dwell in 
heaven, forasmuch as he is compassionate, through the rich abundance 
of his goodness. Wherefore, rejoicing, let us exalt his Name, and 
magnify his exceeding condescension. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O come, all ye nations, let us adore the blessed Tree, through which 
the righteousness eternal hath come to pass : for he who beguiled our 
forefather Adam with the tree is himself beguiled by the Cross, and 
he who, like a tyrant, did lord it over that which the King had fashioned, 
falleth, being overthrown by a downfall strange. The poison of the ser- 
pent is washed away by the blood of God, and the curse of just condem- 
nation is abolished, in that the Righteous One hath been condemned by 
unrighteous judgment : for it was meet that the tree should be healed 
by the Tree, and that by the passion of the Passionless One upon the 
Tree, the passions of the condemned one should be destroyed. But glory, 
O Christ our King, unto thy wise providence to usward, whereby thou 
hast saved all men, forasmuch as thou art good and lovest mankind. 

The Gradual {Prokimen) for the Day. 

The Parables (ParemM). Exodus xv. 22-27, xv ^ l *> Prov. iii. 1 1-18 ; 
Isaiah lx. 11-16. 

The Stanza at the Litiyd, in Tone I To-day, of a truth, hath the 
sacredly prophetic saying of David received its fulfilment; for lo! we 
visibly bow down before the footstool of thine all-spotless feet, and 
putting our trust under the shadow of thy wings, O all-bountiful One, 
we cry aloud unto thee : Lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon 
us. Exalt thou the horn of thine Orthodox people through thy precious 
Cross, O greatly merciful Christ 

The Hymn {Tropdr\ in Tone I O Lord, save thy people, and bless 
thine inheritance, granting victory over enemies unto our Sovereign, N., 
and through thy Cross preserving thine Estate. {Thrice.) 



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168 ELEVATION OF THE PRECIOUS CROSS OF THE LORD 

The Exaltation ( Velitchdnie). We magnify thee, O life-giving Christ, 
and do homage to thy holy Cross, whereby thou hast saved us from the 
works of the enemy. 

The Gradual (Proilmen), in the Fourth Tone. All the ends of the 
earth have seen the salvation of our God. 

Verse (StikK) : Sing unto the Lord a new song, for the Lord hath 
done marvellous things. 

Verse: Praise ye God in his Saints. Let everything that hath 
breath praise the Lord. 

The Gospel. John xIL 28-36. 

THE CANON. 

The First Canon. Tone VII L (St. Cosmos of Afaium.) 

Theme-Songs (frmosf). I. Moses, having with his rod made a long 
line, divided the Red Sea for Israel journeying on foot ; and having 
again struck the same with a transverse blow, thus tracing the Cross 
which is the weapon invincible, he united it against the armies of 
Pharaoh. Wherefore we sing unto Christ our God, for he hath been 
glorified. 

III. The Rod is accepted as the symbol of a mystery; for by its 
budding-forth it designated the Priest ; and in the Church, which of 
late was barren, there now hath budded forth the Tree of the Cross for 
her power and strengthening. 

IV. I have given heed to the mystery of thy dispensation, O Lord, . 
I have understood thy works, and have glorified thy divinity. 

V. O Tree thrice blessed, whereon was crucified Christ our King 
and our Lord ! Through thee he is fallen who by a tree did beguile, 
having himself been beguiled by Him who was nailed upon thee in the 
flesh, even God, who granteth peace unto our souls. 

VI. Jonah, when he stretched forth his arms in the form of a cross 
within the belly of the sea-monster, did clearly typify the Redeeming 
Suffering ; and when he came forth thence after three days, he imaged 
forth by anticipation the supernatural Resurrection of Christ our God, 
who was crucified in the flesh, and hath illumined the world by his rising 
on the third day. 

VII. The mad behest of the impious tyrant breathing forth threats 
and horrible blasphemies troubled the people : yet neither the brutal 
rage nor the roaring fire terrified the Three Children ; but when, as 
they stood amid the flames, a dew-bearing breath was wafted against 
it, they sang: Blessed be thou, O God of our fathers, exceedingly 
praised, and our God! 

VIII. O Children, in number equal to the Trinity ! Bless ye God 
the Father, the Creator ; sing ye the Word who came down and turned 
the fire into dew ; and magnify ye the Spirit alL-holy, who giveth life 
unto all men, unto all the ages. 



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ELEVATION OF THE PRECIOUS CROSS OF THE LORDS 169 
In place of; My soul doth magnify the Lord : the Refrains : . < y [>;-' . 

Magnify, O my soul, the all-precious Cross of the Lord. 

Magnify, O my soul, the Elevation of the life-giving Cross of the 
Lord. 

IX. Thou art the mystical Paradise, O Birth-giver of God, who 
though untilled didst bud forth Christ, by whom the life-bearing Tree 
of the Cross was planted upon earth. For which cause, now, at its 
Elevation, adoring it, we magnify thee. 

While the Canon is being sung, the Senior Priest putteth on all his vestments, 
and after the Great Glory (Glory be to God on high) hath been sung slowly 
and melodiously, and he hath censed all about the Altar whereon lieth the pre- 
cious Cross, while; O Holy God, Holy Mighty: is being chanted; he placeth 
the Cross on his head, ana making the circuit of the Altar therewith, pre- 
ceded by a Taper-bearer, he halteth in front of the Holy Door, and having pro- 
claimed: Wisdom, O believers ! he goeth to the folding-stand, which is tn the 
middle of the Temple, while the Choir chanteth the Hymn ; O Lord, save thy 
people : After this, the Priest censeth round about the Cross, and having made 
the customary reverences, he beginneth ; Thy Cross do we adore, O Master, and 
thy holy Resurrection do we glorify. (Thrice.) The Choir also singeth this 
thrice; and the Stansa, in Tone VIII : 

To-day is the Master of creation and the Lord of glory nailed upon 
the Cross, and is pierced in the side, and of gall and vinegar doth the 
Sweetness of the Church partake. With a crown of thorns is he 
invested who covereth the heavens with clouds, and with the robe of 
scorn is he endued ; and he who with his hand did fashion man is smit- 
ten by a human hand. He who clotheth the heavens with clouds is 
beaten upon his shoulders, and receiveth spitting and wounds, indignities 
and bufferings in the face; and he, my Redeemer and my Saviour, 
doth endure all these things for the sake of me, the accursed, that He 
may save the world from guile, forasmuch as he is compassionate. 

Then the Litanies ; and the Benediction : May Christ, our true God, 
through the prayers of his most pure Mother ; through the might of the 
precious and life-giving Cross : and so forth, as usual. 

At the Liturgy, 

In place of; Bless the Lord, O my soul : 

Antiphon I, Tone II 

Verse I : O God, my God, hear me : why hast thou forsaken me ? 

Refrain. Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Saviour, 
save us. 

Verse 2 : Far from my salvation are the words of my transgres- 
sion : IJ> 

Verse 5 : O my God, I cry in the daytime and thou hearest not, and 
in the night-season also I take no rest : 1£ 

Verse 4 : And thou continuest holy, O thou Worship of Israel : Tjc 



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170 ELEVATION OF THE PRECIOUS CROSS OF THE LORD 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen : IJ; 

Antiphon II, Tone II 

Verse i ; O God, wherefore art thou absent from us so long ? 

Refrain. Save, O Son of God, who wast crucified in the flesh, us 
who sing unto thee, Alleluia. 

Verse 2 : O think upon thy congregation, whom thou hast purchased 
and redeemed of old : I£ 

Verse 3 : And Mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt : IJ; 

Verse 4 ; For God is our King before the ages : he hath done salva- 
tion upon earth : ^ 

Glory . . . now, and ever. 

O Only-begotten Son and Word of God ! Thou who art immortal yet 
didst deign for our salvation to become incarnate of the Holy Birtb-giver 
of God and ever-virgin Mary ; and without change of essence wast 
made man ; who also wast crucified for us, O Christ our God, tram- 
pling down Death by death ; who art one of the Holy Trinity, and art 
glorified together with the Father and the Holy Spirit : Save us. 

« Antiphon III, Tone I 

Verse 1 : The Lord is King, be the people never so impatient. 

Refrain : The Hymn for the Day ( Tropdr). O Lord, save thy people 
and bless thine inheritance, granting victory over enemies unto our 
Sovereign, N., and through thy Cross preserving thine Estate. 

Verse 2 : The Lord is King, be the people never so impatient : he 
sitteth between the Cherubim, be the earth never so unquiet : IJs 

Verse 4: The Lord is great in Zion, and high above all people : ft 

In place of: O Holy God, Holy Mighty : 

The Introit O magnify the Lord our God, and fall down before his 
footstool, for he is holy. 

Thy Cross do we adore, O Master, and thy holy Resurrection do we 
glorify. 

The Collect-Hymn (Konddk). Do thou who, of thine own good will, 
. . . {Seepage 61). 

The Gradual (Proklmen)> in the Seventh Tone (the same as the Introit). 

Verse: The Lord is King, be the people never so impatient. Alleluia. 
(Tone I) 

Verse: O think upon thy congregation, whom thou hast purchased 
and redeemed of old. 

Verse: God is our King before the ages: he hath done salvation 
upon earth. 

The Epistle, 1 Cor. i. 18-24. 

The Gospel John xix. 6-1 x, 13-20, 25-28, 30-35. 

The Communion Hymn. The light of thy countenance hath been 
showed upon us, O Lord. 



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THE ENTRANCE INTO (PRESENTATION IN) THE 
TEMPLE OF OUR MOST HOLY LADY, THE 
BIRTH-GIVER OF GOD AND EVER-VIRGIN 
MARY 

At the All-Night Vigil Service. 

The Stanza (Stikhlra) for : Lord, I have cried : In Tone I. To-day 
let us faithful exult, singing unto the Lord in psalms and songs, and 
doing honour unto his holy Tabernacle, the Ark imbued with life, which 
containeth the uncontainable Word : for in wise supernatural is she 
brought unto the Lord, being still of tender age in the flesh, and Zach- 
arias, the High Priest, doth with joy receive her, as the abode of God. 
(Twice*} 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

After thy nativity, O Lady, Bride of God, thou didst come into the 
temple of the Lord, as one consecrated, to be reared in the Holy of 
Holies. Then, also, was Gabriel sent unto thee, O all-undefiled One, 
bearing nourishment unto thee. All the powers of Heaven were 
amazed when they beheld the Holy Spirit take up its abode in thee. 
Wherefore, O most pure and undefiled Mother of God, who art glori- 
fied in heaven and on earth, save thou our race. 

The Gradual (Prokimen) for the Day. 

The Parables (Paremii). Exodus xl. 1-5, 9, 10, 16, 34, 35 ; I Kings 
viii. 1, 3-7, 9-1 1 ; Ezek. xliii. 2J % xliv. 1-4. 

The Stanza at the Litiyd, in Tone IV. To-day is the Tabernacle 
which containeth God, even the Birth-giver of God, brought into the 
temple of the Lord, and Zacharias receiveth the same : To-day doth the 
Holy of Holies rejoice, and the Angelic Choir doth mystically triumph. 
With them also keeping festival tCHday, let us cry aloud with Gabriel : 
Hail, thou that art full of grace ! The Lord most merciful is with thee. 

The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr). To-day is the foreshadowing of the 
beneficence of God which is to come, and the heralding of man's salva- 
tion. The Virgin is clearly manifested in the temple of God, and in 
anticipation announceth Christ unt<^all men. Unto her let us, also, cry 
aloud : Hail, thou who art the fulfilment of the Creator's providence \ 
{Thrice,) 

The Exaltation ( Velitchdnie). We magnify thee, O all-holy Virgin, 
Maiden chosen by the Lord, and do homage to thy Presentation in the 
temple of the Lord. 

The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Fourth Tone. Hearken, O daughter, 
and behold, and incline thine ear. 



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172 ENTRANCE OF THE MOST HOLY BIRTH-GIVER OF GOD 

Verse (Stikli) : My heart is inditing of a good matter. 
The Gospel, Luke i. 39-49, 56. 

THE CANON. 

The First Canon. Tone IV. (The Blessed George.) 

Theme-Songs {Irmosi). I. I will open my mouth, and it shall be filled 
with the Spirit, and I will utter a saying to the Queen-Mother ; I will 
reveal myself, as one keeping high festival, and with joy will I sing 
her Presentation. 

III. O Birth-giver of God, Fountain living and inexhaustible, estab- 
lish thou those who hymn thee, convoked in a spiritual choir, and vouch- 
safe unto them crowns of glory for thine august Presentation. 

IV. As he contemplated the unfathomable counsel of God concern- 
ing the incarnation by a Virgin, of thee, the Most High, Habakkuk the 
Prophet cried aloud : Glory to thy power, O Lord ! 

V. All creation marvelled at thine august Presentation ; for thou, 
Virgin who knewest not wedlock, didst enter into the temple of God 
as the Temple most pure, giving peace unto all those who sing thy 
praises. 

VI. In celebration of this divine and all-honourable feast of the 
Mother of God, come, O ye godly-minded, let us clap our hands and 
glorify God, who was born of her. 

VII. The godly-minded ones worshipped not the creature rather 
than the Creator, but valiantly trampling under foot the threatened 
fire, they rejoiced in song, saying : Blessed be thou, O Lord and God 
of our fathers, exceedin jly praised. 

VIII. Hearken, O Maiden, Virgin pure ! Let Gabriel announce the 
true will of the Most High, which was from of old. Make thou ready 
to receive God ; for through thee the Uncontainable hath dwelt among 
men : For which cause I cry aloud with joy : O all ye works of the 
Lord, bless ye the Lord ! 

IX. Let no hand profane in any wise touch the living Ark of God ; 
but let the lips of the faithful unceasingly chanting the Salutation of the 
Angel to the Birth-giver of God, cry aloud with rejoicing : Thou art, in 
very truth, higher than all men, O Virgin pure ! 

In place of: My soul doth magnify the Lord : The Refrains : 

The Angels marvelled when they beheld the Presentation of the All- 
pure One : how that with glory shg entered into the Holy of Holies. 

The Angels marvelled when they beheld the Presentation of the 
Virgin : how that with glory she entered into the Holy of Holies. 

O ye Angels and men, let us do homage to the Presentation of the 
Virgin : for with glory hath she entered into the Holy of Holies. 

The Angels marvelled when they beheld the Presentation of the 
Virgin : how she who was well-pleasing unto God did enter into the 
Holy of Holies. 



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ENTRANCE OF THE MOST HOLY BIRTH-GIVER OF GOD 173 

Ye Angels, with the Saints, leap for joy ! Ye Virgins, sing together 
with exultation ! For the God-Maiden hath entered into the Holy of 
Holies. 

O ye Angels and men, let us magnify the Virgin in Hymns : for in 
godlike wise hath she entered into the Holy of Holies. 

At the Liturgy. 

The Introit: The Hymn for the Day. ( See page 171.) 

The Collect-Hymn (Konddk). The all-pure Temple of the Saviour, 
the most precious Bridal-chamber and Virgin, the Treasure-house of 
the glory of God, to-day is led into the temple of the Lord, bringing 
with her the grace which is in the Divine Spirit ; whom also the 
Angels of God do celebrate in song : This is the Abode of Heaven. 

The Gradual ( Prohimen), in the Fourth Tone. My soul doth magnify 
the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. 

Verse (Stikh) : For he hath regarded the lowliness of his handmaiden : 
for, behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed. 

The Epistle. Heb. ix. 1-7. 

Alleluia. {Tone VIII.) Hearken, O daughter, and behold, and incline 
thine ear. 

Verse: A rich nation shall worship before thy presence. 

The Gospel. Luke x. 38-42, xi. 27, 28. 

The Hymn in place of: Meet is it : The Ninth Theme-Song of the 
Canon: Let no hand profane . . . (See above.) 

The Communion Hymn. I will take the cup of salvation, and call 
upon the Name of the Lord. 



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THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST (CHRISTMAS) 

The faithful prepare themselves for this great Feast by a prolonged Fast, which 
beginneth on November 1 5, and is called the Christmas Fast, or the Fast of 
St. Philip. The Eve of the Feast {Sotchilnik) is dedicated to a specially strut 
abstinence. 

On Christmas Eve the customary festival Compline senrice is celebrated. If the 
Eve falleth on any day except Saturday or Sunday ', then on the morning of 
thai day the Imperial Hours are read, and, later on, the Liturgy of St. Basil 
the Great is celebrated, preceded by Vespers. But if the day before the Feast bt 
Saturday or Sunday, then the Imperial Hours are read on Friday, while the 
Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom is celebrated on the preceding day {Sotchilnik). 
If the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great be used on the preceding day (Sotchilnik) 
then on the Feast of the Nativity itself the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom 
is used ; and contrariwise. 

The other general differences of this festival service are asfolloweth ; Matins 
are preceded, not by Vespers, but by Grand Compline : aitd after the Liturgy, 
on the day of the Feast, in Russian churches, a service of thanksgiving is 
celebrated, in commemoration of Russia's victory over Napoleon f. ana the 
French. 

The Imperial Hours,* to precede Christmas. 

In addition to many of the Prayers and so forth which are used in the daily 
Hours, and the Christmas Hymns, the following are read; 

First Hour. Psalms v., xlv., xlvi. The Parable (Paremiyd). Micah 
v. 2-4. The Epistle, Heb. i. 1-12. The Gospel. Matt. i. 18-25, 

Third Hour. Psalms lxvii., lxxxvii., li. The Parable {Paremiyd). 
Jer. (Baruch iii. 36-38, iv. 1-4). The Epistle. Gal. iii. 23-29. The 
Gospel. Luke ii. 1-20. 

Sixth Hour. Psalms lxxil, cxxxii., xci. The Parable {Paremiyd). 
Isaiah vil 10-16, viii. 1-4, 9, 10. 'Ike Epistle. Heb. i. 10-14, ii 1-3. 
The Gospel Matt. ii. 1-12. 

Ninth Hour. Psalms ex., cxi, Ixxxvi. 

In Russia, Many Years are proclaimed for the Emperor, the Holy Synod, the 
Bishop, the Orthodox Patriarchs of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and 
Jerusalem, and others ; and the Choir respondetk: Many years ! 

ON THE DAY BEFORE CHRISTMAS 

At the Vespers which immediately precede the Liturgy, the Stanza (Stikhira) 
for : Lord, I have cried : In Tone II. 

O come, let us rejoice in the Lord, as we declare this present 
mystery : The partition wall of disunion hath been destroyed, the 
flaming sword is turned back, and the Cherubim withdraw from the 

* The Emperors of Byzantium were wont to attend the Hours on certain of the great 
Feasts of the Church, which received their name of " the Imperial Hours ** from that cir- 
cumstance, as well as from their extraordinary splendour and importance. 



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THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST 175 

Tree of Life, and I partake of the food of Paradise, whence* because 
of disobedience, I was expelled. For the Image Immutable of the 
Father, the Image of his Eternity, taketh the form of a servant, having 
come forth from a Mother unwedded, yet having suffered no change : 
for that which he was, that he remaineth, being very God ; and that 
which he wjls not he hath assumed, becoming very man because of his 
love toward mankind. Unto him let us cry aloud : O God, who wast 
born of a Virgin, have mercy upon us. {Twice.) 

When Augustus reigned alone upon the earth, the polygarchy of men 
came to an end : and when thou didst become incarnate of the Pure 
One, the polytheism of idols was annulled. Under one earthly sway 
were the cities, and in one dominion of the Godhead did the Gentiles 
believe. By the command of Caesar were the people inscribed ; and we 
faithful have been inscribed with the name of the Godhead, of thee 
our God, who hast become man. Great is thy mercy. O Lord, glory to 
thee. 

The Entrance is made with the book of the Holy Gospels, and the Hymn : 
O gladsome radiance ! . . . 

The Gradual (Proklmen) for the Day. 

The Parables (Paremil). Gen. i. 1-13 ; Num. xxiv. 2, 3, 5-9, 17, 18 ; 
Micah iv. 6, 7, v. 2-4; Isaiah xi. 1-10 ; Jer. (Baruch iii. 36-38, iv. 1-4); 
Dan. ii. 31-36, 44-46; Isaiah ix. 6, 7, vii. 10-15, viiL 1-4, 9-1 1. 

The Little Litany : Again, yet again, in peace . . . : with the Excla- 
mation : For holy art thou, O our God, and unto thee do we ascribe 
glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Gradual (Proklmen) , in the First Tone. The Lord said unto me, 
Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. 

Verse (Stik/i) : Ask of me, and I will give the heathen for thine 
inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. 

The Epistle. Heb. i. 1-12. 

The Gospel. Luke ii. 1-20. 

CHRISTMAS EVE. 

Compline and Matins. 

Compline is read in the usual order, with the Hymns and Collect-Hymn of the 
Feast in place of the ordinary ones. After: Glory be to God on high: hath 
been read, the Clergy come forth to the centre of the Temple, and perform the 
Litiyd, with the Blessing of the Loaves. 

The Stanzas {Stikkirt) of the Litiyd, in Tone L Let heaven and earth 
to-day prophetically exult, and let Angels and men spiritually rejoice : 
for God hath revealed himself in the flesh unto those who were in 
darkness and sat in the shadow, and hath been born of a Virgin. The 
cavern and the manger have received him; Shepherds proclaim the 



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176 THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST 

marvel, and Magi from the Orient bring gifts unto Bethlehem. And 
we, also, with lips unworthy, do bring unto him praise in Angelic 
wise : Glory be to God on high, and on earth peace : for the Hope 
of the nations is come, and having come hath saved us from bondage 
to the enemy. 

The Hymn at the Blessing of the Loaves, and: God is the Lord; 
Tone IV. Thy Nativity, O Christ our God, hath arisen upon the 
world as the light of wisdom. For at it, they who worshipped the 
stars were, by a Star, taught to adore thee, the Sun of Righteousness, 
and to know thee, the Orient from on high. O Lord, glory to thee. 

The Exaltation of the Feast We magnify thee, O Life-giving Christ, 
who for our sakes now art born in the flesh of the Virgin Mary, un- 
wedded and most pure. 

The Gradual (Proiimen), in the Fourth Tone. Out of the womb, 
before the morning star, have I begotten thee. The Lord sweareth 
and will not repent. 

Verse (Sttih) : The Lord said unto my Lord : Sit thou at my right 
hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool. 

The Gospel Matt. i. 18-25. 

THE CANON. 

In Tone I. {Composed by St, Cosmos, about 760.) 

Canticle L 

Theme-Song (Irmds). Christ is born : extol him ! Christ from 
heaven : go to meet him ! Christ on earth : be ye lifted up ! Sing 
unto the Lord, all the whole earth, and praise him in song with joy, O 
ye people : For he hath glorified himself. 

Hymns (Troparl). Man who, being made in the image of God, had 
become corrupt through sin, and was full of vileness, and had fallen 
away from the better life divine, doth the wise Creator restore anew : 
For he hath glorified himself. 

When the Creator beheld man, whom he had made with his hands, 
about to perish, he bowed the heavens and came down ; and was en- 
dued with man's nature in very truth, becoming incarnate of a Virgin 
divinely pure : For he hath glorified himself. 

The Wisdom, Word, and Might, the Son and Effulgence of the 
Father, Christ our God, without the knowledge of the supramundane 
Powers, and the Powers of the earth, is become incarnate and hath 
renewed us : For he hath glorified himself. 

Canticle HI. 

Theme-Song {Irmds). Unto the Son who, in wise immortal, was born 
of the Father before all the ages, and in these latter days is become 
incarnate without seed of a Virgin, Christ our God, let us cry aloud; 
O Lord, who hast exalted our horn, holy art thou I 



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THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST 177 

Hymns (Tropari). Adam, mortal, made of clay, yet a participant of 
the divine inspiration, who had become subject to corruption through 
a woman's seduction, when he beheld Christ sprung from a woman, 
exclaimed : Holy art thou, O Lord, who for my sake bast made thyself 
like unto me. 

O Christ, who hast conformed thyself unto our base, mortal mould, 
and by that participation in our lowly flesh hast imparted unto us 
a share of the nature divine ; who, though thou didst become earth- 
born, yet didst remain still God, and hast exalted our horn : Holy art 
thou, O Lord. 

Rejoice, O Bethlehem, which art King over the princes of Judah ; 
for he who feedeth Israel and is borne on the shoulders of the Cheru- 
bim is visibly come forth from thee ; and he who exalteth our horn is 
enthroned over all. 

Canticle IV. 

Tkeme-Song fjrmds). The Rod of the Root of Jesse and its Flower, 
from a Virgin didst thou bud forth, O most-lauded Christ. From the 
Mount covered with dense shadow art thou come, being incarnate of 
a Maid who knew not man, O thou Immaterial One and God : Glory 
to thy might, O Lord. 

Hymns {Tropari}. Thou, O Christ, the Expectation of the nations, 
whom Jacob did foretell of old, art risen from the tribe of Judah, and art 
come to annihilate the power of Damascus, and the spoils of Samaria, 
turning error into truth meet for God : Glory to thy might, O Lord. 

By thy rising as a Star from Jacob, O Lord, thou didst fill with joy 
the wise initiates in the word of Balaam the Prophet of old, the 
Watchers of the Stars, who were led unto thee as the first-fruits of the 
Gentiles, and didst manifestly receive them : Glory to thy might, O Lord. 

Like the rain upon the fleece, and like drops of dew falling upon 
the earth, O Christ, didst thou descend into the Virgin's womb. 
Ethiopia and Tarshish, the Isles of Araby, and Sheba of the Midians, 
the Rulers of all the earth, fell down in adoration before thee, O Saviour : 
Glory to thy might, O Lord. 

Canticle V. 

Tkeme-Song (IrmSs). O God of peace, the Father of mercies, thou bast 
sent unto us the Angel of thy Great Council, who giveth peace : where- 
fore we, in that we have been led unto the light of godly wisdom, waking 
right early from the night, do sing praises unto thee, O thou who lovest 
mankind. 

Hymns ( Troparl). In obedience to the command of Caesar, O Christ, 
thou didst enroll thyself among the slaves, and didst set free us who 
were slaves of the enemy and of sin ; and didst make thyself a beggar, 
in every way like unto us ; and through that same union and community 
didst reader the mortal divine* 



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i 7 8 THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST 

Lo, a Virgin, as it was foretold of old, having conceived in her womb, 
hath brought forth God incarnate, yet remaineth Virgin still. Let us * 
sinners, in that we have become reconciled unto God through her, mag- 
nify her in song as the true Birth-giver of the Lord. 

Canticle VI 

Theme-Song {Irmds). The sea-monster cast forth Jonah from its 
belly unharmed as it had swallowed him. And when the Word took 
up his abode in a Virgin, and was made flesh, He came forth preserving 
her undefiled. For in that He Himself suffered not corruption, He pre- 
served unharmed her who bare Him. 

Hymns {Tropari). Christ our God, whom the Father begat of his 
own loins before the morning star, is come in the flesh. He who ruleth 
the most pure Powers lieth in a manger of dumh beasts, and is wrapped 
in swaddling-bands of rags ; yet doth he loose the thick-entangled 
bonds of transgression. 

Born of Adam's nature and given unto the faithful as a little child is 
the Son : yet he is also the Father and the Ruler of the world to come, 
and is called the Angel of the Great Council. He is the mighty God 
who ruleth the Universe by his power. 

Collect-Hymn (Kond&k). 

To-day a Virgin bringeth forth the Supersubstantial, and earth offereth 
a cavern to the Unapproachable ; Angels together with the Shepherds 
sing praises ; the Wise Men journey on with the Star. For, for our 
sakes, God, who is before all the ages, is born a little Child. 

Ikos. 

Bethlehem hath opened Eden : O come, let us gaze ! We have found 
nourishment in a secret place : O come, let us receive the things of 
Paradise within the cavern! There hath appeared the Root Unwatered 
which buddeth forth remission. There hath been found the Well Un- 
digged, from which David of old longed that he might drink. There 
a Virgin hath brought forth a Child ; and straightway the thirst of 
Adam and of David hath been assuaged. Wherefore let us go unto him 
where He is born a little Child, yet is God before the ages. 

Canticle VII 

Theme-Song {Irm6s\ The youths reared together in godliness, 
despising the unrighteous command, were not terrified by the threat- 
ened fire, but standing in the midst of the flames did sing : O God 
of our fathers, blessed art thou. 

Hymns (Tropari). The shepherds skilled upon the tuneful pipes 
beheld a revelation marvellous of light ; for the glory of the Lord 
shone round about them, and the Angel proclaimed : Sing praises, for 
Christ is born. O God of our fathers, blessed art thou. 

Suddenly, at the word of the Angel, the Heavenly Hosts began to 



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THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST 179 

cry aloud : Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will 
toward men ; Christ hath shone forth : O God of our fathers, blessed 
art thou ! 

What meaneth this saying ? spake the shepherds : Let us go, let us 
gaze upon that which is come to pass, upon Christ divine. And when 
they were come unto Bethlehem, they fell down in worship before him, 
together with her who had given him birth, singing: O God of our 
fathers, blessed art thou. 

Canticle VIIL 

Tketne-Song (Irmds). The dew-shedding, fiery furnace imaged forth 
the type of a marvellous wonder : for its flames scorched not the Holy 
Children whom it had received, even as the fire of the Godhead scorched 
not the Virgin when it entered into her womb. Therefore let us raise 
the song : Let all creation bless the Lord, and magnify him unto all 
the ages. 

Hymns (Tropari). The Daughter of Babylon doth bear away unto 
herself the children of David as captives, out of Zion : but she sendeth 
her children, the Magi, bearing gifts, to do homage unto the Daugh- 
ter of David, who had received within her God : wherefore, chanting 
songs of praise, let us sing : Let all creation bless the Lord, and 
magnify him unto all the ages. 

Grief put aside the instruments of song ; for the children of Zion 
sang not in alien lands. But Christ, in that he hath shone forth in 
Bethlehem, setteth free every error, and the musical harmony of Baby- 
lon. Wherefore let us sing the song : Let all creation bless the Lord, 
and magnify him unto all the ages. 

Babylon carried the spoil and the spear-won wealth of the kingdom 
of Zion into captivity. But Christ draweth unto Zion the treasures of 
the same and its Kings, the Watchers of the Stars, guiding them by 
a Star. Wherefore, let us sing the song : Let all creation bless the 
Lord, and magnify him unto all the ages. 

Canticle IX, 

With the Ninth Theme-Song, instead of : More honourable than the Cherubim: 
the Refrains of the Feast are sung : 

Refrain 1. Magnify, O my soul, the Virgin, the all-pure Birth-giver 
of God, more honourable and more glorious than the hosts on high. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). A mystery strange and most glorious I behold : 
The cavern, Heaven ; the Virgin, the Cherubimic Throne ; the manger, 
the receptacle wherein lieth Christ our God, whom nothing may con- 
tain. Him, therefore, do we magnify, praising him in song. 

Refrain 2. Magnify, O my soul, God born in the flesh of a Virgin. 

Refrain 3. Magnify, O my soul, the King born in a cavern. 

Hymn (Trop&r). When the Wise Men beheld the unwonted course 
of the wondrous, newly revealed Star, illuminating the heavens with 



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180 THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST 

exceeding brightness, they divined that Christ the King was born on 
earth in Bethlehem, for our salvation. 

Refrain 4. Magnify, O my soul, God who was worshipped by the. 
Magi. 

Refrain $. Magnify, O my soul, him who was announced unto the 
Wise Men by a Star. 

Hymn. When the Wise Men said : Where is the new-born Infant 
King whom the. Star hath revealed ? For we are come to worship him. 
Then the wrathful Herod was troubled, and, raging against the Lord, 
that impious man sought to slay Christ. 

Refrain 6. Magnify, O my soul, the pure Virgin and only Birth- 
giver of God, who gave birth unto Christ the King. 

Refrain 7. The Wise Men and the shepherds came to worship 
Christ who was born in the town of Bethlehem. 

Hymn. Herod inquired the time of the Star, through whose guiding 
the Wise Men were come to Bethlehem to worship Christ with gifts. 
But being by it led again unto their own country, they left confounded 
behind them the dread slayer of the children. 

The Benediction. {Seepage 181.) 

At the Liturgy. 

Antiphon /., Tone II. 

Verse 1 : I will give thanks unto the Lord with my whole heart. 

Refrain. Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Saviour, 
save us. 

Verse 2 : In the council of the faithful and in the congregation, the 
great works of the Lord, ft 

Verse 3 : Sought out of all them that have pleasure therein, ft 

Verse 4 : His work is honour and majesty, and his righteousness 
endureth forever, ft 

Antiphon //., Tone II 

Verse 1 : Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord, that hath great 
delight in his commandments. 

Refrain. O Son of God, who wast born of a Virgin, save us who sing 
unto thee : Alleluia. 

Verse 2 : His seed shall be mighty upon earth, the generation of the 
faithful shall be blessed, ft 

Verse 3 : Riches and plenteousness shall be in his house, and his 
righteousness endureth forever, ft 

Verse 4 : Unto the godly there ariseth up light in the darkness : he 
is merciful, loving and righteous, ft 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Only-begotten Son and Word of God! . . . {Seepage 170.) 



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THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST 181 

Antiphon IIL y Tone II. 

Verse I : The Lord said unto my Lord : Sit thou on my right hand. 

Hymn. Thy Nativity, O Christ our God, . . . {Seepage 176.) 

Verse 2 : Until I make thine enemies thy footstool ft {Hymn.) 

Verse 3 : The Lord shall send the rod of thy power out of Zion : be 
thou ruler, even in the midst among thine enemies, ft {Hymn.) 

Verse 4 : In the day of thy power with an holy worship. 

Introit. Out of the womb, before the morning st4r have I begotten 
thee : the Lord hath sworn and will not repent : thou art a Priest for- 
ever, after the order of Melchizidech. 

Instead of: O Holy God, Holy Mighty : is sung: As many as are 
baptized into Christ have put on Christ. Alleluia. 

The Gradual {Proiimen), in the Eighth Tone. Let all the earth wor- 
ship thee, and hymn thee, yea, let it hymn thy Name, O Most Highest. 

Verse : Shout unto the Lord, all ye lands, sing unto his Name, give 
glory to his praise. 

Verse : TTie heavens declare the glory of God, and the dry land pro- 
claimed the work of thy hands. 

Verse: Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night pro- 
claim eth knowledge. 

The Epistle. Gal. iv. 4-7. 

The Gospel. Matt, ii 1-12. 

Instead of: Meet is it ; The Ninth Theme-Song of the Canon : A mystery 
strange . . . {Seepage 179.) 

The Communion Hymn. The Lord hath sent deliverance unto his 
people. 

The Benediction. May he who was born in a cavern, and lay in a 
manger, for the sake of our salvation, Christ our true God, through the 
prayers of his most pure Mother ; of the holy, glorious and all-laudable 
Apostles; of our holy and God-bearing fathers ; of the holy and right- 
eous Ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna ; and of all the Saints, have 
mercy upon us and save us, forasmuch as he is good, and loveth man- 
kind. 



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THE EPIPHANY 

On the Eve of the Epiphany the same strict fast is observed, and the same ser- 
vices are celebrated as on the Eve of Chris fs Nativity {Christmas). That is to 
say ; The Imperial Hours are ready and the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great is 
celebrated {if the Eve doth not fall upon Saturday or Sundays preceded by 
Vespers ; while in the evening the service consisteth of Grand Compline joined 
to Matins. The differences between these services and those of Christmas lie 
in the festival hymns and the consecration of the water. 

At this Feast there are two Blessings of the Waters : the first, on the Eve, in 
Church; the second, after the Divine Liturgy ', on the day of the Feast, under 
the open sky, of rivers, lakes, pools and wells. In ancient times the former was 
intended for the Catechumens who were prepared to receive baptism, and were 
then baptised. The second was instituted later, in imitation of the custom 
among the Christians of Jerusalem, who were wont to go forth to the Jordan 
to celebrate the festival, and to pray : also in memory of the consecration of 
the waters of the Jordan at the time our Lord Jesus Christ was baptized therein. 
This Blesstng of the Waters is often called " The Jordan Festival " for that 
reason. 

The Imperial Hours, to precede the Epiphany. 

First Hour. Psalms v., xxiii, xxvii. ; Isaiah xxxv. i-io. The Epistle. 
Acts xiii. 25-33, The Gospel. Matt, iil 1-12. 

Third Hour. Psalms xxix., xlii., li. ; Isaiah i. 16-20. The Epistle. 
Acts xix. 1-8. The Gospel Mark L 1-8. 

Sixth Hour. Psalms lxxiv., lxxvii., xci. ; Isaiah xii. 3-6. The Epistle, 
Rom. vi. 3-1 1. The Gospel Mark i. 9-15. 

Ninth Hour. Psalms xciil, cxiv., lxxxvi. ; Isaiah xlix. 8-15. The 
Epistle. Titus ii. 11-14, iil 4-7. The Gospel Matt iii. 13-17. 

Then the Typical Psalms. 
Vespers and the Liturgy, on January §th. 

The Stanzas {Stikiri) for: Lord, I have cried : In Tone IL The 
Forerunner, beholding our Illuminator who illumineth every man, 
coming to be baptized, rejoiceth in his soul ; and he trembleth, and 
with his hand doth he point Him out to the people, saying: Lo, this is 
he who redeemeth Israel, setting us free from corruption. O Christ 
our God, the Sinless One, glory to thee ! {Twice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Thou didst bow thy head unto the Forerunner, and thereby didst 
crush the heads of the serpents. And having entered into the streams, 
thou didst illumine all things, that they might glorify thee, O Saviour, 
even the Illuminator of our souls. 



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THE EPIPHANY 183 

The Entrance is made with the book of the Gospels, 

The Gradual \Prokimen) for the Day. 

The Parables (Paremii). Genesis L 1-13 ; Exodus xiv. 15-18, 21-25, 
27-29, xv. 22-27, xvi. 1 ; Joshua Hi. 7, 8, 15-17; 2 Kings ii. 6-14, v. 
9-14; Isaiah i. 16-20; Genesis xxxii. 1^10; Exodus ii. 5-10; Judges 
vi 36-40 ; 1 Kings xviii. 30-39 ; 2 Kings ii. 19-22 ; Isaiah xlix. 8-15. 

The Little Litany. Again, yet again, . . . 

Exclamation. For holy art thou, O our God, and unto thee do we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Gradual {Prokimen\in the Third Tone. The Lord is my light 
and my salvation : whom shall I fear ? 

Verse {Stikh) : The Lord is the strength of my life : of whom shall 
I be afraid ? 

The Epistle. 1 Cor. ix. 19-27, x. 1-4. 

The Gospel. Luke iii. 1-18. 

After the Prayer before the Tribune the Blessing of the Water taketh place. 
Grand Compline and Matins. 

Compline is celebrated in its usual order, the Hymn for the Day and the Collect- 
Hymn being substituted for the ordinary ones. 

After: Glory be to God on high: the procession frotn the Sanctuary for the 
Litiyd taketh place. {See the Ali^Night Vigil Office, page 11.) 

The Stanza for the Litiyd, in Tone VIII. To-day is creation illu- 
mined, to-day do all things both heavenly and earthly rejoice. Angels 
and men are intermingled ; for whithersoever the King cometh, there 
also cometh orderliness. Let us make haste then unto Jordan, and we 
shall all behold John, as he baptizeth the head not made with hands and 
sinless. Wherefore, singing the song of the Apostles, let us cry with 
one accord : The grace of God, which is saving unto all men, hath 
manifested itself, illumining the faithful and bestowing upon the same 
great mercy. 

The Hymn ( Tropdr) at the Blessing of the Loaves : The Hymn of the 
Feast. When in Jordan thou wast baptized, O Lord, the worship of the 
Trinity was made manifest For the voice of the Father bare witness 
unto thee, calling thee his beloved Son, and the Spirit, in the form of 
a Dove, confirmed the steadfastness of that word: O Christ our God, 
who didst manifest thyself, and dost enlighten the world, glory to thee. 

The Exaltation ( Velitchdnie). We magnify thee, O life-giving Christ, 
for our sakes now baptized of John in the waters of the Jordan. 

The Gradual (Proklmen), in the Fourth Tone. The sea saw that and 
fled: Jordan was driven back. 

Verse {Stikh) : What aileth thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest, and 
Jordan that thou wast driven back ? 

The Gospel. Matt. i. 9-1 1. 



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184 THE EPIPHANY 

THE CANON. 

In Tone II (St. Cosmas of Maium.) 

Canticle I. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). The Lord mighty in battle hath laid bare the 
depths of the sea, and hath led forth his people on dry ground, after. 
having overwhelmed therein their adversaries : For he hath glorified 
himself. 

Hymns (Tropari). The Lord, the King of the ages, reneweth cor- 
rupt Adam by the waters of Jordan, and crusheth the heads of the 
dragons which lurked therein : For he hath glorified himself. 

The Lord having become incarnate of a Virgin and clothed the imma- 
terial fire of the Godhead in material flesh, is encompassed by the 
River Jordan : For he hath glorified himself. 

The Lord, who, through his own cleansing in Jordan, washeth away 
the vileness of men, to whom he was graciously pleased to conform 
himself, remaining still as he was before, giveth light unto those who 
are in darkness : For he hath glorified himself. 

Canticle III. 

Theme-Song (IrmSs). The Lord, who giveth strength unto our 
Kings and exalteth the horn of his Anointed, is born of a Virgin, and 
cometh unto Baptism. Unto him will we faithful cry aloud : There is 
none holy like unto our God. 

Hymns (Tropari). Rejoice thou to-day, O Church of Christ, which 
aforetime wast sterile and barren of children ; for through water and 
the Spirit have sons been born unto thee, who with faith do cry aloud : 
There is none holy like unto our God. 

With a loud voice crieth the Forerunner in the wilderness : Prepare 
ye the way for Christ, and make straight the paths for our God, crying 
aloud with faith : There is none holy like unto our God. 

Canticle IV. 

Theme-Song (IrmSs). I have heard, O Lord, thy voice which thou 
didst call the voice of one crying in the wilderness, which, when thou 
didst thunder over many waters, bearing witness to thy Son, being 
filled with the Spirit which had revealed itself, did cry aloud : Thou 
art Christ, the Wisdom and the Power of God. 

Hymns (Tropari). Hath any one — crieth the Messenger — beheld 
the Sun, which is by nature radiant, cleansed ? Shall I then wash clean 
with the waters thee who art the Brightness of Glory, the Express Image 
of the Father who is from everlasting? And shall I, who am but grass, 
touch the fire of thy divinity ? For thou art Christ, the Wisdom and 
the Power of God. 

Moses, when he drew near to thee, manifested the God-inspired awe 
wherewith he was seized. When he understood that it was thou speaking 



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THE EPIPHANY 185 

from the bush, he straightway turned aside his face. How then shall I 
gaze openly upon thee, and now shall I lay my hand upon thee ? For 
thou art Christ, the Wisdom and the Power of God. 

In that I have a rational soul, and am honoured with the gift of 
speech, I stand in fear of things without a soul ; for if I baptize thee, 
the mountain which smoked with fire, the sea which was parted in twain, 
and that Jordan which rolleth back its waves shall be my accusers : For 
thou art Christ, the Wisdom and the Power of God. 

Canticle V. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). Jesus, the Chieftain of Life, cometh to abol- 
ish the condemnation of Adam the first-created ; and though, in that he 
is God, he hath no need of cleansing, yet for the fallen is he cleansed 
in Jordan, where, having slain enmity, he bestoweth the peace which 
passeth understanding. 

Hymns. When a multitude innumerable of people had gathered to- 
gether to be baptized of John, he stood in their midst and cried aloud 
unto those who were present : Who hath warned you, ye disobedient, to 
flee from the wrath to come ? Bring ye worthy fruits unto Christ ; 
for now revealing himself he bestoweth peace. 

The Husbandman and Creator, standing in the midst as one of the 
throng, searcheth hearts ; and having taken in his hand the winnowing 
fan, with exceeding wisdom doth he purge the threshing-floor of the 
universe, burning up the chaff, but granting unto the fruitful grain life 
eternal. 

Canticle VI. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). The Voice of the Word, the Candlestick of the 
Light, the Morning Star, the Forerunner of the Sun, crieth aloud in the 
wilderness unto all men : Repent ye, and be ye cleansed in preparation. 
For lo ! Christ cometh, who redeemeth the world from corruption. 

Hymns. Christ, whose latchet — when the Word had taken our form 
upon Him — it is impossible to unloose, as the Forerunner teacheth, 
in that he was born without corruption of God the Father, is without 
defilement made flesh of a Virgin : For he redeemeth the earth-born 
from their guile. 

With extirpating fire doth Christ baptize the froward and those who 
acknowledge him not as God. But with the Spirit, by means of water, 
doth he graciously renew those who confess his divinity, freeing them 
from their sins. 

Canticle VII. 

Theme-Song {Irmds). A rushing mighty wind bearing dew, and the 
descent of the Angel of God preserved unscathed the Children who held 
converse together in the fiery furnace. When, therefore, they were 
bedewed amid the flames, with gratitude did they sing aloud : Blessed 
be thou, O exceeding glorious God of our fathers and our God ! 



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186 THE EPIPHANY 

ffymns* With trembling and amazement, as over heaven itself, did 
the Angelic Host stand over Jordan, gazing down upon such conde- 
scension of God; beholding how he who ruleth the firmament of the 
waters on high, the God of our fathers, bearing bodily form, stood in 
the water. 

The marvel of the baptism divine was foreshadowed of old by the 
cloud and the sea, wherein as they journeyed onward the ancient people 
were baptized into the Tables of the Law. The sea was the symbol of 
the water, and the cloud of the Spirit ; being made perfect in which, 
let us cry : Blessed be thou, O Lord God forever! 

Let all us faithful, speaking perpetually of God in whom we have 
received sanctification, in company with the Angels glorify the Father, 
Son and Holy Spirit : for it is a Trinity in Persons, but one in Essence, 
one God ; to whom, also, let us sing : Blessed be thou, O Lord God 
forever ! 

Canticle VIIL 

Tkeme-Song {Irm6s\ The Babylonian furnace, dew-dropping, fore- 
shadowed the image of the wondrous mystery that Jordan was to receive 
into its waters the Fire Immaterial, and contain the Creator when he 
should be baptized in the flesh ; whom also all men do bless and exalt 
unto all the ages. 

Hymns. Put away all fear, said the Redeemer to the Forerunner; 
obey me, come unto me, as unto the Gracious One, for that am I in my 
Essence. Submit thyself to my command, and baptize me, who have 
condescended to come down hither ; whom also all men do bless and 
exalt unto all the ages. 

The Baptist, when he heard the words of the Lord, stretched forth 
his hand with trembling; but when he had touched the crown of his 
Creator's head, he cried unto him who was receiving baptism : Sanctify 
thou mc, for thou art my God ; whom also all men do bless and exalt 
unto all the ages. 

In Jordan was the Trinity made manifest ; for the Most Divine Person 
of the Father Himself proclaimed : He that is baptized, the same is my 
beloved Son. And the Spirit descended upon him that was like unto 
Himself. For which cause men shall bless Him and exalt Him forever. 

Canticle IX. 

Btfort the Ninth Tkeme-Song: More honourable than the Cherubim: is not 
sung, hut instead thereof the Refrain of the Feast : 

Magnify, O my soul, her who is more honourable than the hosts on 
high, even the most pure Virgin Birth-giver of God 

Theme* Song (lrm6s\ No tongue hath power worthily to praise 
thee, and even the supra-mundane mind is perplexed how to hymn 
thee, O Birth-giver of God. But inasmuch as thou art gracious, accept 
thou our faith ; and our God-inspired love thou knowest. For thou art 
the Intercessor of Christians. We magnify thee. 



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THE EPIPHANY 187 

And the remaining six Refrains are sung once with each Hymn. 

Refrain 2. Magnify, O my soul, him who desireth baptism of the 
Forerunner. 

Refrain 3. Magnify, O my soul, him who is come unto the Jordan to 
be baptized. 

Hymn, Come thou in spirit, O David, unto those who are being illu- 
mined by the Spirit, and sing, saying : Draw near now unto God and 
be ye illumined by faith. That poor man, Adam, cried in his fall, and 
the Lord heard him as he came, and in the waters of Jordan did he 
renew that corrupted one. 

Refrain 4. Magnify, O my soul, him to whom the voice of the 
Father bare witness. 

Refrain 5. Magnify, O my soul, One of the Trinity who hath bowed 
his neck and accepted baptism. 

Hymn. Wash you, make you clean, saith Isaiah ; put away the evil 
of your doings before the Lord. Ye who thirst, come ye unto the Liv- 
ing Water ; for Christ sprinkleth with water which giveth new life 
those who make supplication unto him in faith, and baptizeth them with 
the Spirit unto the life which waxeth not old. 

Refrain 6. O Prophet, come thou unto me ; stretch forth thy hand, 
and baptize me quickly. 

Refrain 7. O Prophet, lay aside now all other things, and baptize 
me who desire it ; for I am come to fulfil all righteousness. 

Hymn. May the grace and seal (of the Spirit) preserve us, O faith- 
ful! For as the Hebrews of old were delivered from destruction when 
their door-posts were smeared with blood, even so also shall this divine 
bath of regeneration be made a deliverance for us, and even so also 
shall we behold the light of the Trinity which knoweth no setting. 

At the Liturgy. 
Antiphon /., Tone I. 

Verse 1 : When Israel came out of Egypt, and the house of Jacob 

from among the strange people : 

Refrain. Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Saviour, 

save us. 

Verse 2 : Judah was his sanctuary, and Israel his dominion : ft 
Verse 3 : The sea saw it and fled : Jordan was driven back : ft 
Verse 4 : Why hast thou fled, O sea : and why art thou driven back, 

Jordan? ft 

Antiphon IL, Tone II 

Verse 1 : I am well pleased that the Lord hath heard the voice of 
my prayer. 

Refrain. O Son of God, who wast baptized in Jordan, save us who 
sing unto thee, Alleluia. 



tizeffbyC 



i8S THE EPIPHANY 

Verse 2 : That he hath inclined his ear unto me : therefore will I 
call upon him as long as I live. I£ 

Verse 3 : The snares of death compassed me round about, and the 
pains of hell gat hold upon me. I shall find trouble and heaviness, 
and I will call upon the Name of the Lord : O Lord, I beseech thee, 
deliver my soul : ft 

Verse 4 : Gracious is the Lord, and righteous : yea, our God is mer- 
ciful : ft 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Only-begotten Son and Word of God ! . . . {Seepage 170.) 

Aniiphon ///., Tone L 

Verse 1 : O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is gracious : his mercy 
endureth forever. 

Refrain; The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr). When in Jordan thou 
wast baptized, O Lord, the worship 01 the Trinity was made manifest 
For the voice of the Father bare witness unto thee, calling thee his 
beloved Son, and the Spirit, in the form of a dove, confirmed the 
steadfastness of that word. O Christ our God, who didst manifest thy- 
self, and dost enlighten the world, glory to thee. 

Verse 2 : Let Israel now confess that he is gracious, and that his 
mercy endureth forever : I£ 

Verse 3 : Let the house of Aaron now confess that he is gracious, 
and that his mercy endureth forever : # 

Verse 4 : Yea, let them that fear the Lord now confess that his 
mercy endureth forever : ft 

The IntroiU Blessed is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord. 
We have blessed you from the house of the Lord : God is the Lord, 
and hath revealed himself unto us. 

The Colleet-Hymn {Konddk\ To-day hast thou revealed thyself unto 
the universe, and thy Light, O Lord, hath showed a sign unto us, who 
with understanding sing unto thee : Thou art come, and hast revealed 
thyself, O Light Unapproachable. 

In place of: O Holy God : As many as have been baptized into 
Christ have put on Christ. 

The Gradual (Proktnten), in the Fourth Tone. Blessed is he that 
cometh in the Name of the Lord. God is the Lord, and hath revealed 
himself unto us. 

Verse (Stikh) : Confess unto the Lord that he is gracious, that his 
mercy endureth forever. 

The Epistle. Titus ii. 1 1-14, Hi. 4-7. 

Alleluia. {Tone IV.) Offer thanks unto the Lord, ye sons of 
God. 

Verse: The voice of the Lord upon the waters. 

The Gospel. Matt. iii. 13-17. 



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THE EPIPHANY 189 

The Communion Hymn (Pritchdsten). The saving grace of God hath 
manifested itself unto all men. 

For the Benediction, see page 1 97, Epiphany {end of Great Blessing of Waters). 



THE OFFICE AT THE GREAT BLESSING OF WATERS AT THE 

HOLY EPIPHANY 

At the end of the Divine Liturgy, after the Prayer before the Tribune: O Lord, 
who blcssest those who bless thee: hath been said by the Priest, we all go 
forth to the Baptismal Font, preceded by the taper-bearers, after whom go the 
Deacon and the Priest bearing the book of the Holy Gospels and the censer ; and 
the Brethren, singing the following Hymn, in Tone vlIL : 

The voice of the Lord crieth out over the waters, saying : Come, re- 
ceive ye all the spirit of wisdom, the spirit of understanding, the spirit 
of the fear of God, even Christ who is made manifest. {Thrice.) 

To-day is the nature of water sanctified, and Jordan is cloven asun- 
der, and rolleth back the current of its flood, as it beholdeth the Lord 
baptized. ( Twice,) 

As a man didst thou come unto that river, O Christ our King, and 
didst earnestly desire to receive the baptism of a servant, O Good One, 
at the hands of the Forerunner, because of our sins, O thou who lovest 
mankind. ( Twice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

In the same Tone: . 

Unto the voice of him crying in the wilderness : Prepare ye the way 
of the Lord : thou didst come forth, O Lord, having taken on the form 
of a servant, and asking' baptism, though thou knewest not sin. The 
waters beheld thee and were affrighted. The Baptist became all trem- 
bling, and cried aloud, saying: How shall the candlestick illumine the 
light ? How shall a slave lay hands upon his Lord ? Sanctify thou me 
and these waters, O Saviour, who takest away the sins of the world. 

And taking his stand beside the Font, the Deacon immediately saith : • 

Wisdom 1 

The Reader. The Parable from the Prophecy of Isaiah. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Thus saith the Lord (ck. xxxv.) : The wilderness and the solitary 
place shall be glad for them ; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom 
as the rose. It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice, even with joy and 
singing : the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of 
Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the Lord, and the excel- 
lency of our God. Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the 
feeble knees. Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear 



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190 THE EPIPHANY 

not : behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with a 
recompense ; he will come and save you. Then the eyes of the blind 
shall be opened, and the. ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. Then 
shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing : for 
in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert. And 
the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of 
water : in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with 
reeds and rushes. And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall 
be called, The way of holiness ; the unclean shall not pass over it ; but 
it shall be for those : the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err 
therein. No lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up 
thereon, it shall not be found there; but the redeemed shall walk 
there : and the ransomed of the Lord shall return, and come to Zion 
with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads : they shall obtain joy 
and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall See away. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Parable from the Prophecy of Isaiah. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Thus saith the Lord {ch. Iv.) : Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye 
to the waters, and he that hath no money ; come ye, buy, and eat ; yea, 
come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Wherefore 
do ye spend money for that which is not bread ? and your labour for 
that which satisfieth not ? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that 
which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness. Incline your 
ear, and come unto me : hear, and your soul shall live ; and I will make 
an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David. Be- 
hold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and com- 
mander to the people. Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest 
not, and nations that knew not thee shall run unto thee, because of the 
Lord thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel ; for he hath glorified thee. 
Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is 
near: let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his 
thoughts : and let him return unto the Lord, and he will have mercy 
upon him ; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon. For my 
thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith 
the* Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my 
ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts. For 
as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not 
thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that 
it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater : so shall my word 
be that goeth forth out of my mouth : it shall not return unto me void, 
but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the 
thing whereto I sent it For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth 
with peace : the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you 
into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands. Instead 
of the thorn shall come up the fir-tree, and instead of the brier shall 



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THE GREAT BLESSING OF WATERS 191 

come up the myrtle-tree : and it shall be to the Lord for a name, for 
an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Parable from the Prophecy of Isaiah. 

Deacon. Let us attend 

Thus saith the Lord (ch. xii. J-6) : Therefore with joy shall ye draw 
water out of the wells of salvation. And in that day shall ye say, Praise 
the Lord, call upon his name, declare his doings among the people, 
make mention that his name is exalted. Sing unto the Lord ; for he 
hath done excellent things : this is known in all the earth. Cry out and 
shout, thou inhabitant of Zion : for great is the Holy One of Israel in 
the midst of thee. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Third Tone. The Lord is 
my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? 

Verse : The Lord is the strength of my life ; of whom shall I be 
afraid ? 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Corinthians. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Brethren (/ Cor. x. 1-4) : I would not that ye should be ignorant 
how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through 
the sea ; and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the 
sea ; and did all eat the same spiritual meat ; and did all drink the 
same spiritual drink (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed 
them ; and that Rock was Christ). 

Priest, Peace be with thee. 

Reader. And with thy spirit 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Alleluia. {Tone IV.) 

Verse : The voice of the Lord upon the waters, the God of glory 
hath thundered : the Lord upon many waters. 

Deacon. Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

People. And with thy spirit. 

Priest. The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Mark. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

(Ch. i. 9-rt.) Priest. And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus 
came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. 
And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens 
opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him. And there 



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192 



THE EPIPHANY 



came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom 
I am well pleased. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Then the Deacon reciteth the Litany. 



In peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from above, and 
for the salvation of our souls : ft 

For the peace of the whole world ; for 
the welfare of God's holy Churches, and 
for the union of them all : ft 

For this holy temple, and for those 
who with faith, devoutness, and in the 
fear of God have entered therein : ft 

For our Holy Synod (or Patriarch) ; 
for our Bishop (or Archbishop, or Metro- 
politan), N. ; for the honourable Presby- 
tery, the Diaconate in Christ, and for 
all the clergy and the laity : ft 

For our most God-fearing Sovereign, 
N. ; and for all the Reigning House ; 
and for all their Council and Army and 
Navy: ft 

That he will aid them and subdue under 
their feet every foe and adversary : ft 

For this city (if in a monastery, for 
this holy habitation), and for those who 
in the faith dwell therein : ft 

For healthful seasons; for abundance 
of the fruits of the earth ; and for peace- 
ful times : ft 

For those who travel by sea or by 
land ; for the sick and the suffering ; for 
those who are in captivity, and for their 
salvation : ft 

That these waters may be sanctified 
by the power, and effectual operation, 
and inspiration of the Holy Spirit : ft 

That there may descend upon these 
waters the cleansing operation of the 
super-substantial Trinity : ft 

That he will endue them with the 
grace of redemption, the blessing of 
Jordan, the might, and operation, and 
inspiration of the Holy Spirit : ft 



! 

3 
3 



And while this is being 
said, the Priest saith, 
secretly, the follow- 
ing Prayer : 

O Lord Jesus 
Christ, the Only-be- 
gotten Son, who art 
in the bosom of the 
Father, the true God, 
Source of Life and 
of Immortality, Light 
of Light, who art 
come into the world 
to illuminate it : En- 
lighten our minds 
with thy Holy Spirit, 
and accept us who 
offer unto thee ma- 
jesty and thanksgiv- 
ing for thy marvel- 
lous mighty works, 
which are from all 
eternity ; as, also, for 
thy saving providence 
in these latter ages, 
in which thou hast 
clothed thyself in our 
frail and lowly sub- 
stance, and hast con- 
descended to the stat- 
ure of a servant ; who 
yet art King of all ; 
who also didst receive 
baptism in Jordan at 
the hands of a ser- 
vant : that thou, O Sin- 
less One, having sanc- 
tified the nature of 
water, mightest make 
for us a way which 
should be unto a new 



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THE GREAT BLESSING OF WATERS 



193 



r 



That Satan may speedily be crushed 
under our feet, and that every evil coun- 
cil directed against us may be brought 
to nought : IJ 

That the Lord our God will free us 
from every aspersion and temptation 
of the enemy, and make us worthy of 
the good things which he hath pro- 
mised : I£ 

That he will illumine us with the light 
of understanding and of piety, and with 
the inspiration of the Holy Spirit : IJ; 

That the Lord our God will send down 
the blessing of Jordan and sanctify these 
waters : IJ 

That this water may be unto the be- 
stowing of sanctification ; unto the remis- 
sion of sins; unto the healing of soul 
and body : and unto every expedient 
service : IJ 

That this water may be a fountain 
welling forth unto life eternal : IJ 

That it may manifest itself effectual 
unto the averting of every machination 
of our foes, whether visible or invis- 
ible: ft 

For those who shall draw of it and 
take of it unto the sanctification of their 
homes : fy 

That it may be for the purification of 
the souls and bodies of all those who, 
with faith, shall draw and partake of 
it: 5 

That he will graciously enable us to 
perfect sanctification by participation in 
these waters, through the invisible mani- 
festation of the Holy Spirit : IJ 

That the Lord God will hearken unto 
the voice of petition of us sinners, and 
will have mercy upon us : IJ 

That he will deliver us from all tribu- 
lation, wrath, peril and necessity : IJs 

Succor us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, 



c 



birth, through water 
and the Spirit, and 
unto the deliverance 
then first instituted 
for us. Celebrating 
the memory of which 
divine mystery, we 
beseech thee, O Lord 
who lovest mankind, 
sprinkle us, thine un- 
worthy servants, ac- 
cording to thy divine 
promise, with pure 
water, the gift of thy 
tenderness of heart. 
And may the suppli- 
cations of us sinners 
over this holy water 
be well pleasing unto 
thy goodness : and 
may thy blessing 
through it be vouch- 
safed unto us, and 
unto all thy faithful 
people, to the glory 
of thy holy and ador- 
able Name. 

For unto thee be- 
longeth all glory, 
honour and worship, 
together with thy 
Father who is from 
everlasting, and thine 
all-holy, and good, 
and life-giving Spirit, 
now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

And he saith within 
himself: Amen. 



most blessed and 



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«94 



THE EPIPHANY 



glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

And when the Deacon hath finished the Litany ', the Priest reciteth^ aloud, the 
following Prayer ; 

Great art thou, O Lord, and marvellous are thy works, and speech 
sufficeth not to sing the praises of thy wonders. (Thrice*} 

For thou, by thy will, from nothingness hast brought all things into 
being; by thy majesty thou dost uphold all creation, and by thy provi- 
dence thou dost direct the world. When thou hadst framed the uni- 
verse out of four elements, thou didst crown the circle of the year with 
four seasons. All the reason-endowed powers tremble before thee. The 
Sun singeth thy praises, and the Moon glorifieth thee ; the Stars, also, 
stand before thy presence. The Light obeyeth thee. The deeps shudder 
with awe before thee ; the water-springs do thy bidding. Thou hast 
spread out the heavens like a curtain. Thou hast established the earth 
upon the waters. With sand hast thou walled in the sea. Thou hast shed 
abroad the air for breathing. The Angelic Powers serve thee. The Arch- 
angelic hosts adore thee. The many-eyed Cherubim and the six-winged 
Seraphim, as they stand round about and do fly, veil their faces with 
awe before thine unapproachable glory. For thou, the God which cannot 
be circumscribed, who art from everlasting and ineffable, didst come 
down upon earth, taking on the form of a servant, and being made in 
the likeness of men. For thou couldst not endure, O Master, because 
of thy tender-hearted mercy, to behold the children of men tormented 
by the devil ; but thou didst come, and didst save us. We confess thy 
grace ; we proclaim thy mercy ; we conceal not thy gracious deeds. 
Thou hast set at liberty the generations of our race ; by thy birth thou 
hast sanctified a Virgin's womb. All creation singeth praises unto thee, 
who didst reveal thyself ; for thou art our God, who hast been seen 
upon earth, and didst dwell among men. Thou didst hallow, also, the 
streams of Jordan, in that thou didst send down from heaven thy Holy 
Spirit, and didst crush the heads of the serpents which lurked there. 

Then the Priest repeatelh, thrice, tJU following, and blesseth the water with his 
hand at each repetition. 

Wherefore do thou, O King who loveth mankind, come down 
now also through the inspiration of thy Holy Spirit, and sanctify this 
water. (Thrice.) 

And impart unto it the grace of redemption, the blessing of Jordan. 
Make it a fountain of immortality, a gift of sanctification, a remission 
of sins, a healing of infirmities, a destruction of demons; unapproach- 
able by hostile powers, filled with angelic might. And may it be unto 
all those who shall draw it, and shall partake of it unto the purification 
of their souls and bodies, unto the healing of their passions, unto the 



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T ^ 



THE GREAT BLESSING OF WATERS 195 

sanctifi cation of their houses, and unto every expedient service. For 
thou art our God, who through water and the Spirit dost renew our 
nature, which had fallen into decay through sin. For thou art our God, 
who with water didst drown sin in the days of Noah. For thou art our 
God/ who by the sea, through Moses, didst set free from slavery to 
Pharaoh the Hebrew race. For thou art our God, who didst cleave the 
rock in the wilderness, so that water gushed forth, and who madest the 
floods to well forth abundantly; and didst satisfy thy thirsty people. 
For thou art our God, who by fire and water, through Elijah, didst set 
Israel free from the errors of Baal. 

Do thou, the same Master, sanctify now also this water by thy 
Holy Spirit. {Thrice.} 

• Grant also unto all who shall be sprinkled therewith, and shall par- 
take thereof, and shall anoint themselves therewith, sanctification, 
blessing, purification and bodily health. 

{In Russia :) And save, O Lord, thy servant, our most God-fearing 
Sovereign, the Emperor N., and all the Reigning House. 

Save, O Lord, and show mercy upon the most holy Governing Synod, 
and keep them in peace beneath thy shelter. Subdue under them every 
foe and adversary ; grant unto them all their petitions which are unto 
salvation and life eternal ; that with the elements, and men, and Angels, 
and with all things visible and invisible, they may magnify thy most 
holy Name, together with the Father, and the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Priest. Peace be with you. 

Chair. And with thy spirit 

Deacon. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

And the Priest, bowing his head, prayeth : 
Incline thine ear, O Lord, and hear us, O thou who wast graciously 
pleased to receive baptism in Jordan, and didst sanctify the waters. 
Bless all us who, by the bowing of our necks, do outwardly signify our 
humility of mind : and graciously grant that we may be filled with thy 
sanctification, through our partaking of this water, and through sprin- 
kling therewith. And may it be unto us, O Lord, for the health of our 
souls and bodies. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art the sanctification of our souls and bodies, and 
unto thee we ascribe glory, and thanksgiving and worship, together with 
thy Father, who is from everlasting, and thine all-holy, and good, and 
life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And again blessing the water in cross-form with the holy cross, he dippeth it 
therein, upright, elevating and lowering it, holding it with both hands, and 
singing the following Hymn in Tone I. : 

When in Jordan thou wast baptized, O Lord, the worship of the 



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196 THE EPIPHANY 

Trinity was made manifest. For the voice of the Father bare witness 
unto thee, calling thee his beloved Son, and the Spirit, in the form of 
a dove, confirmed the steadfastness of that word. O Christ, who didst 
manifest thyself, and dost enlighten the world, glory to thee. 

And ike Choir singe th the same. 

Then he blesseih the waters a second time, in like manner* And the Singers 
repeat. 

And likewise, a third time. 

Then the Priest taketh of the holy water in a vessel, and iurneth his face toward 
the People, holding the cross in his left hand, and in his right the aspergillus. 
And the People approach, and kiss the precious cross ; ana the Priest biesseth 
them, and stgneth them, on the face, with the sign of the cross, with the holy 
water on the aspergillus. 

Then they enter the Church again, singing, in Tone VI.; 

Let us praise in song, ye faithful, the greatness of God's favour to 
usward. For, having become man because of our transgressions, by our 
purification is he purified in Jordan, he, the only pure and spotless One, 
who sanctifieth me and the waters, and crusheth the heads of the serpents 
in the water. Wherefore, O brethren, let us draw of that water with 
joy ; for the grace of the Spirit is invisibly imparted unto him who, 
with faith, doth draw thereof, by Christ our God, who also is the Saviour 
of our souls. 

Choir. Blessed be the Name of the Lord, henceforth, and- forever. 
{Thrice.) 

Psalm xxxiv. 

I will alway give thanks unto the Lord ; his praise shall ever be in my 
mouth. My soul shall make her boast in the Lord ; the humble shall 
hear thereof, and be glad. O praise the Lord with me, and let us mag- 
nify his Name together. I sought the Lord, and he heard me; yea, he 
delivered me out of all my fear. They had an eye unto him, and were 
lightened ; and their faces were not ashamed Lo, the poor crieth, and 
the Lord heareth him ; yea, and saveth him out of all his troubles. The 
angel of the Lord tarrieth round about them that fear him, and deliver- 
eth them. O taste, and see, how gracious the Lord is : blessed is the 
man that trusteth in him. O fear the Lord, ye that are his saints ; for 
they that fear him lack nothing. The lions do lack, and suffer hunger ; 
but they who seek the Lord shall want no manner of thing that is good. 
Come, ye children, and hearken unto me ; I will teach you the fear of 
the Lord, What man is he that lusteth to live, and would fain see good 
days ? Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips, that they speak no guile. 
Eschew evil, and do good ; seek peace, and ensue it. The eyes of the 
Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers. 
The countenance of the Lord is against them that do evil ; to root out 
the remembrance of them from the earth. The righteous cry, and the 



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THE GREAT BLESSING OF WATERS 197 

Lord heareth*them, and delivereth them out of all their troubles. The 
Lord is nigh unto them that are of a contrite heart, and will save such 
as be of an humble spirit Great are the troubles of the righteous ; but 
the Lord delivereth him out of all. He keepeth all his bones, so that 
not one of them is broken. But misfortune shall slay the ungodly ; and 
they that hate the righteous shall be desolate. The Lord delivereth the 
souls of his servants ; and all they that put their trust in him shall not 
be destitute. 

And having first drunk of the holy water^ the People take the Antidoron, that 
it, the blessed breads from the Priest. 

Then the Benediction is pronounced : 

May he who was graciously pleased to accept baptism from John, in 
Jordan, for the sake of our salvation, Christ our very God, through the 
prayers of his most pure Mother, and of all the Saints, have mercy upon 
us and save us ; for he is gracious and loveth mankind 



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THE MEETING OF THE LORD 

THE PURIFICATION OF THE HOLY BIRTH-GIVER OF GOD 

The Stanza (Stikhird) for \ Lord, I have cried: In Tone L Let us 
also come : with hymns divine let us meet Christ and receive him whose 
salvation Simeon beheld. For this is he of whom David prophesied : This 
is he who spake by the prophets ; who for our sakes became incarnate, 
and proclaimed the law. Him let us worship. (Twice!) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Tone VI To-day let the door of heaven be opened : for the Father's 
Word, which is from everlasting, having taken his beginning in time from 
a Virgin, without renouncing his Godhead, is of her own free will brought 
by his mother, as a babe of forty days, into the temple under the law : 
and an aged man receiveth him in his arms, crying : Let thy servant 
depart, O Lord ; for mine eyes have seen thy salvation, which is corne 
into the world to save the race of men. Glory to thee, O Lord. 

The Parables (Paremii). Exodus xii. 51, xiii. 1-3, 11-12, 14-16; 
Lev. xiL 2-4, 6, 8 ; Isaiah vi. 1-13, xix. 1, 3-5, 12, 19-21. 

The Stanza at the Litiyd, in Tone L (by Anatolius). The Ancient 
of Days, who of old gave the Law unto Moses, on Sinai, to-day is seen 
as a little Child ; and in accordance with the Law, as the creator of 
the Law, fulfilling tfce Law, is brought into the temple, and given to 
an aged man. And Simeon the Righteous, having received him, and 
perceived the fulfilment of the promises accomplished, cried aloud 
with joy: Mine eyes have seen the mystery hidden from eternity in 
these latter days revealed, the light which destroyeth the darkness 
of unbelieving heathen, and giveth glory unto newly chosen Israel 
Wherefore, release thou thy servant from the bonds of this flesh unto 
the life which waxeth not old, marvellous and unending ; granting unto 
the world great mercy. 

The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr), in Tone I Hail, O Virgin Birth- 
giver of God : for from thee hath shone forth the Sun of Righteousness, 
Christ our God, who giveth light to those who are in darkness. And 
rejoice, thou aged, righteous man, that didst receive in thine arms the 
Redeemer of our souls, who giveth unto us resurrection. 

The Exaltation ( Velitchdnie). We magnify thee, O life-giving Christ, 
and we do homage to thy Mother most pure, by whom thou hast now 
been brought into the Temple of the Lord, according to the Law. 

The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Fourth Tone. I will call to remem- 
brance thy Name from generation to generation. 



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THE MEETING OF THE LORD 199 

Verse ( Stikh) : My heart is inditing of a good matter. 

The Gospel, Luke il 25-32. 

The Benediction. May he who, for the sake of our salvation, deigned 
to be held in the arms of the righteous Simeon, Christ our true God : 
and the rest. {See page 122,) 

THE CANON. 

The First Canon. Tone III. (St. Cosmos of Malum.) 

Theme-Songs (Irmosi). L The sun once, of old, rose over the dry 
land born of the deep : for the water was hardened into walls upon 
either side, and the people passed on foot over the sea, and sang, in man- 
ner well-pleasing unto God : Let us sing unto the Lord, for gloriously 
hath he been glorified. 

III. O Lord, the Confirmation of those who set their hope on thee, 
confirm thou thy Church, which thou hast bought with thyprecious blood. 

IV. Thine excellence, O Christ, hath covered the heavens ; for when 
thou hadst come forth from the ark of thy Holy Place, even thy Mother 
undefiled, thou didst appear in the temple of thy glory as a little Child 
borne in arms : and all things were filled with thy glory. 

V. When Isaiah symbolically beheld God borne on high upon the 
throne, attended by a body-guard of Angels of glory, he exclaimed : O 
miserable man that I am, I have foreseen God Incarnate, who hath 
dominion over the Light which knoweth no setting, and the Peace 
which reigneth forever. 

VI. The Aged Man, when with his eyes he beheld the salvation which 
was come from God unto the nations, cried aloud unto thee : Thou art 
my God, O Christ ! 

VII. Thee, O God the Word, who didst shed dew upon the Children 
which sang praises unto God in the fire, and who didst take up thine 
abode in a Virgin undefiled, do we hymn, devoutly singing: Blessed is 
the God of our fathers ! 

VIII. The Youths supreme in godliness, when they were thrust into 
the fire insupportable yet suffered no hurt from the flame, sang aloud 
the song divine : O all ye works of the Lord, bless ye the Lord, and 
magnify him unto all the ages ! 

In place of: My soul doth magnify the Lord ; The Refrains : 

O Virgin Birth-giver of God, the Hope of Christians, protect, guard 
and save thou those who put their trust in thee. 

O Virgin Birth-giver of God, gracious Helper of the world, protect 
and keep us from all need and distress. 

O God-bearing Simeon, come and take in thine arms Christ, to whom 
Mary the Virgin Pure hath given birth. 

Simeon the aged encompasseth in his embrace the Creator of the 
Law, and the Lord of all. 



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200 THE MEETING OF THE LORD* 

The Aged Man holdeth not Me, but I hold him : -for he entreateth of 
Me that he may depart in peace. 

Ye Pincers mystical, how shall ye bear the coal of fire ? How shall ye 
nourish the Nourisher of all ? 

O Daughter of Phanuel, come and abide with us, and bless Christ 
the Saviour, the Son of God. 

Anna the Chaste foretelleth terrible things, confessing Christ to be 
the Maker of heaven and earth. 

Incomprehensible unto Angels and unto men is that which is born 
of thee, O Virgin Mother Pure. 

A pure dove, a spotless lamb bringeth into the Church the Lamb 
and the Shepherd. 

O Christ, King of all ! Grant me burning tears, and I will weep for 
my soul which is all ruined. 

IX. In the Law — in the shadow and in the Scriptures — do we, the 
faithful, behold the symbol. Every male child which first opened the 
womb was consecrated to God : wherefore, also, the first-born Word of 
the Father, who is from everlasting, the first-born Son of his Mother 
who knew not man, do we magnify. 

At the Liturgy. 

The Introit The Ixrd hath declared his salvation, he hath revealed 
his righteousness in the presence of the nations. 

The CollecUHymn (Konddk). Thou who by thy birth didst sanctify 
the Virgin's womb, and didst bless the arms of Simeon, as it was meet, 
having preserved us in anticipation from condemnation, hast now also 
saved us, O Christ-God. But grant tranquillity amid the alarms of war 
unto our Emperor, whom thou hast adopted into thy love, O thou who 
alone lovest mankind. 

The Gradual {Prokimen), in the Fourth Tone. My soul doth magnify 
the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. 

Verse : For he hath regarded the lowliness of his handmaiden. 

The Epistle. Heb. vii. 7-17. 

Alleluia. {Tone VTIL) Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart 
in peace, according to thy word. 

Verse : A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people 
Israel. 

The Gospel. Luke ii. 22-40. 

The Communion Hymn. I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon 
the Name of the Lord. 

The Benediction. {See page 199.) 



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THE ANNUNCIATION OF THE MOST HOLY 

VIRGIN 

This Feast almost always falleth in the Great Fast (Lenf). 

If the Feast of the Annunciation fall upon any day upon the eve whereof Vespers 
hath been celebrated alone, or tn conjunction with the Liturgy of the Presanc- 
iified Gifts y then the Vigil Service beginneth with Great Compline. 

If it fall upon Sunday or Monday \ the Vigil Service beginneth with Great Ves- 
pers, But if it fall upon Great (Good) Friday, or Great {Holy) Saturday, the 
Vigil Service beginneth directly with Matins. ' 

The Stanza {Stikhira) for: Lord, I have cried : In Tone VI Ga- 
briel, when he revealed unto thee, O Maiden, the counsel of God which 
was from everlasting, did stand before thee, saluting thee, and pro- 
claiming : Hail, O Earth Unsown ! Hail, O Bush which Burned, yet 
was not consumed ! Hail, O Abyss Unfathomable ! Hail, O Bridge 
which leadeth unto, heaven, and Ladder lofty, which Jacob saw! Hail, 
O Pot Divine of Manna ! Hail, O Abrogation of the curse ! Hail, O 
Recall of Adam ! The Lord is with thee. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Gabriel the Archangel was sent from heaven to announce the glad 
tidings of conception unto a Virgin ; and when he was come to Naza- 
reth, he mused within himself, being astonished at the marvel : O, how 
can he who on high is beyond comprehension be born of a Virgin ! 
He who hath heaven for his throne, and earth for his footstool, taketh 
up his abode in the womb of a Virgin ! He upon whom the Six-winged 
and the Many-eyed are unable to gaze deigneth, by his word alone, to 
become incarnate of her, and he is the true Word of God. Wherefore 
then stand I thus, and say not unto the Virgin : Hail, O pure Virgin ! 
Hail, O Bride unwedded, the Lord is with thee ! Hail, O Mother of the 
Life, blessed is the fruit of thy womb ! 

The Parables {Paremii) are the same as at the Feast of the Nativity 
of the Virgin {seepage 164), and Exodus iii. 1-8; Prov. viii. 22-30. 

At Great Compline. 

There is a procession from the Sanctuary, for the Litiyd {see page n), after; 
Glory to God in the highest : hath been read. 

The Stanza for the Litiyd, in Tone I In the sixth month was the 
Chieftain of the Archangels sent unto thee, a Virgin undefiled, to an- 
nounce unto thee the word of salvation and to proclaim unto thee : Hail, 
thou who art made glad, the Lord is with thee ! Thou shalt bear the 
Son of the Father who was before the ages, and he shall save his 
people from their sins. 



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202 THE ANNUNCIATION OF THE MOST HOLY VIRGIN 

The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr), in Tone IV. To-day is the crown of 
our salvation, and the manifestation of that mystery which is from ever- 
lasting : The Son of God becometh the son of a Virgin, and Gabriel 
anhounceth the glad tidings of grace. Wherefore let us also cry aloud 
with him unto the Birth-giver of God : Hail, thou that art full of grace, 
the Lord is with thee ! 

The Exaltation ( Velitchdnie). The song of the Archangel sing we 
unto thee, O Pure One : Hail, thou that art full of grace, the Lord 
is with thee! 

The Gradual (Proklmen), in the Fourth Tone. Proclaim ye, from 
day unto day, the glad tidings of the salvation of our God. 

Verse (Stikk) : Sing unto the Lord a new song, sing unto the Lord, 
all the whole earth. 

The Gospel. Luke i. 39-49, 56. 

THE CANON. 

The First Canon* In Tone IV. (The Blessed Theophanius and St. John of 

Damascus.) 

Theme-Songs (Irmosi). I. I will open my mouth, and it shall be 
filled with the Spirit, and I will utter a saying to the Queen-Mother. I 
will reveal myself radiantly keeping high festival, and with rejoicing 
will I sing her marvels. 

III. O Birth-giver of God, Fountain living and inexhaustible! Es- 
tablish thou those who hymn thee, convoked in a spiritual choir, and 
vouchsafe unto them crowns of glory in thy glory divine. 

IV. Jesus, the Most Divine, who sitteth in glory upon the throne of 
the Godhead, is come, upon a light cloud borne by a palm undefined, 
and hath saved those who cry : Glory to thy power, O Christ ! 

V. All things marvelled at thy glory divine ; for thou, O Virgin, 
though thou knewest not wedlock, didst have in thy womb God who is 
over all, and didst give birth to the timeless Son, who granteth peace 
unto* all that sing praises unto thee. 

VI. Jonah the Prophet, typifying the three days' burial, exclaimed, as 
he prayed within the whale : Deliver me from corruption, O Jesus, King 
of the Powers ! 

VII. The godly-minded ones worshipped not the creature rather 
than the Creator, but valiantly trampling under foot the threatened 
fire, they rejoiced in song, saying: Blessed art thou, O Lord and God 
of our fathers, exceedingly praised ! 

VIIL Hearken, O Maiden, Virgin Pure, and let Gabriel announce 
the true will of the Most High, which was from of old : Make thou 
ready to receive God ; for through thee the Unobtainable shall dwell 
among men. For which cause, also, I cry aloud with joy : O all ye 
works of the Lord, bless ye the Lord ! 

In place of: My soul doth magnify the Lord : The Refrain : O Earth, 



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THE ANNUNCIATION OF THE MOST HOLY VIRGIN 203 

proclaim.the great gladness! and ye Heavens, praise ye the glory of 
God! 

IX. Let no hand profane in anywise touch the living Ark of God; 
but let the lips of the faithful unceasingly singing the Salutation of 
the Angel to the Birth-giver of God, cry aloud with rejoicing ; Hail, 
thou that art full 0$, grace, the Lord is with thee ! 

The Liturgy at the Feast of the Annunciation beginneth with Vespers on those days 
when the Hours op the Great F ast are celebrated ; but on the Saturdays 
and Sundays of the third, fourth, fifth and sixth weeks of the Fast Vespers 
is celebrated after the Liturgy. The Liturgy used is either that of St. John 
Chrysostom or of St. Basil the Great ; never that of the Presanctified Gifts. 

The Stanza (Stikhira) for : Lord, I have cried : In Tone IV. In the 
sixth month was an Archangel sent unto a Virgin pure ; and when 
he had said unto her, Hail ! he announced unto her the glad tidings 
that from her should come forth the Redeemer. Wherefore, having 
received the salutation, she conceived thee, the God who is before the 
ages, who in wise unutterable didst deign to become man for the sal- 
vation of our souls. 

The Entrance is made with the book of the Holy Gospels* O gladsome radiance . . . 

The Gradual (Prokimen) for the Day. (See Vespers, page 8.) 

The Parables (Paremii). The same as on the Eve. (See page 164.) 

The Little Litany. Again, yet again, . . . 

The Exclamation. For holy art thou, O our God ; and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Choir. O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy 
upon us. (Thrice.) 

At the Liturgy. 

The Collect-Hymn (Konddk). We, thy servants, . . . (Seepage 42.) 

The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Fourth Tone: Proclaim ye, from day 
unto day, the glad tidings of the salvation of our God. 

Verse (Stikh) : Sing unto the Lord a new song, sing unto the Lord 
all the whole earth. 

He shall descend like dew upon the fleece, and like drops of rain 
dropping upon the earth. 

Verse: His Name shall be blessed forevermore: his Name endureth 
before the sun. 

The Epistle. Heb. ii. 11-18. 

Alleluia. (Tone VI) 

The Gospel. Luke L 24-38. 

The Hymn in place of: Meet is it : The Ninth Theme-Song of the 
Canon: Let no hand profane . . . (See above.) 

The Communion Hymn (Pritchdsten). For the Lord hath chosen 
Zion : he hath desired it for his habitation. 



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THE ENTRANCE OF THE LORD INTO JERU- 
SALEM. (PALM SUNDAY.) 

At Vespers, on the Eve, 

The Stanzas (Stikhiri) for: Lord, I have cried: In Tone VI. 
Today hath the grace of the Holy Spirit assembled us together, and 
taking up thy cross let us all say : Blessed is he that cometh in the 
Name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest ! 

He who hath the heavens for his throne, and the earth for his foot- 
stool, the coeternal Word and Son of God the Father, to-day is come 
to Bethany, to humble himself upon the dumb foal of an ass. For 
which cause the Hebrew children, taking branches of trees in tbeir 
hands, exalted him with the shout : Hosanna in the highest ! Blessed is 
he that cometh in the Name of the Lord. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

To-day hath the grace of the Holy Spirit . . . (See above.) 

The Parables (Paremii). Genesis xlix. 1-12 ; Zeph. Hi. 14-19; Zech. 
ix. 9-15. 

At the Litiyd, in Tone I The all-holy Spirit, which taught the 
Apostles to speak in other and strange tongues, the same commandeth 
the Hebrew children devoid of guile to cry in words : Hosanna in the 
highest ! Blessed is the King of Israel who cometh. 

The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr). Thou didst raise Lazarus from the 
dead, O Christ our God, making certain the universal resurrection, 
before thy Passion. For which cause we also, like unto the children, 
bearing the emblems of victory, cry aloud unto thee, the Conqueror of 
Death : Hosanna in the highest ! Blessed is he that cometh in the 
Name of the Lord. 

Another Having been buried with thee in baptism, O Christ our 
■God, we have acquired life immortal through thy Resurrection, and 
singing praises unto thee, we cry : Hosanna in the highest ! Blessed is 
he that cometh in the Name of the Lord. 

The Exaltation. We magnify thee, O Life-giving Christ! Hosanna 
in the highest ! And we cry aloud unto thee : Blessed is he that cometh 
in the Name of the Lord. 

The Gradual (Prokimen\ in Tone IV Out of the mouths of babes 
and sucklings hast thou ordained praise. 

Verse : O Lord, the Lord our God, how wonderful is thy Name in all 
the earth. 

The Gospel. Matt xxi. 1-11, 15-17. 



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THE ENTRANCE OF THE LORD INTO JERUSALEM 205 

After the Gospel, Psalm IL, and the Prayer at the Blessing of the Palms. 

Priest O Lord our God, who sittest upon the Cherubim, who didst 
restore the might of thine Only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, 
that through his Cross and Grave and Resurrection he might save 
the world ; whom, also, when to-day he was come into Jerusalem, unto 
his voluntary Passion, the people who sat in darkness and in the shadow 
of death, taking the symbols of victory, even boughs of trees and 
branches of palms, emblematical of the Resurrection, did go forth to 
meet : Do thou, the same Lord, preserve us also who on this eve of 
the feast in imitation of them do bear in our hands palms and branches 
of trees. And may we also; who like unto those multitudes and chil- 
dren offer unto thee Hosanna ! in hymns and spiritual songs, attain 
unto the life-giving Resurrection on the third day, through the same 
Christ Jesus our Lord; with whom thou art blessed, together with 
thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Priest distributeth the palms to the People, after they have saluted the Gos- 
pels and received his benediction. The people then light their tapers and so 
stand until the end of the service, holding their palms. 

PALM SUNDAY. 
The First Canon, In Tone IV. {St. Cosmos of Maium.) 
Theme-Songs (Irmosi). I. The springs of the deep were seen to be 
bereft of water, and the foundations of the sea surging with a tempest 
were laid bare. For thou, by a sign, didst lay thine interdiction upon 
it, and didst save thy chosen people, who sang a song of victory unto 
thee, O Lord. 

III. The Children of Israel drank from the solid rock which, when 
its edge was cleft at thy command, poured forth water abundantly. 
But that rock and that life art thou, O Christ, upon whom is founded 
the Church which crieth : Hosanna! Blessed art thou who comest. 

IV. Christ our God, who cometh visibly, shall come and shall not 
tarry, from the Mount grove-shadowed, born of a Maiden without hus- 
band, saith the Prophet of old : wherefore, let us all cry aloud : Glory 
to thy might, O Lord ! 

V. O thou who announcest the good tidings, get thee up into the 
Mount Zion, and lift up thy voice with strength, thou who proclaimest 
unto Jerusalem: Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God; 
peace upon Israel, and salvation unto the nations. 

VI. The spirits of the righteous have cried aloud with joy : Now is a 
new covenant appointed unto the world, and all people shall be renewed 
through sprinkling with the blood divine, 

VIL Thou who didst save thy children of Abraham in the fire, and 
didst annihilate the Chaldseans, who were overtaken by that righteous 
judgment : Blessed art thou, O Lord and God of our fathers, exceed- 
ingly praised ! 



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, 206 THE ENTRANCE OF THE LORD INTO JERUSALEM 

'VIII. Rejoice, O Jerusalem! Keep high festival, O ye who love 
Zion ! For the Lord of Hosts is come, who reigneth throughout the 
ages. Let all the earth fall down in adoration before his presence, and 
cry aloud : O all ye works of the Lord, bless ye the Lord ! 

IX. God is the Lord, and hath revealed himself unto us. O come, 
let us make ready a feast, let us magnify Christ with gladness and with 
palms and branches of trees, crying aloud unto him in hymns : Blessed 
is he that cothgth in the Name of the Lord our Saviour. 

The Benediction. May he who, for the sake of our salvation, did 
deign to sit upon t W^o al of an ass, Christ our true God : and the rest, 
as usual {See page 127 

At the Liturgy. 

Antipkon I 9 Tone II 

Verse i : I am well pleased that the Lord hath heard the voice of 
my prayer. 

Refrain. Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Saviour, 
save us. 

2 : He hath inclined his ear unto me : therefore will I call upon him 
as long as I live. ft 

3 : The snares of death compassed me round about, and the pains of 
hell gat hold upon me. ft 

4 : I found trouble and heaviness, and I called upon the Name of 
the Lord, ft 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever> and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Antiphcn II, Tone II 

Verse i : I believed, and therefore have I spoken : but I was sore 
troubled. 

Refrain. Save, O Son of God, who didst sit upon the foal of an ass, 
us who sing unto thee : Alleluia. 

2 : What reward shall I give unto the Lord, for all the benefits he 
hath done unto me? ft 

3 : I will receive the cup of salvation, and call upon the Name of the 
Lord, ft 

4 : I will pay my vows unto the Lord now, in the presence of all his 
people, ft 

Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

O Only-begotten Son and Word of God! . . . {Seepage 170.) 

Antiphon III, Tone I 

Verse 1 : O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is gracious, because 
his mercy endureth forever. 

Refrain: The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr). Thou didst raise Laz- 
arus . . . {See page 204.) 



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THE ENTRANCE OF THE LORD INTO JERUSALEM 207 

2 : Let the house of Israel now confess that he is gracious, and that 
his mercy endureth forever. IJ 

3 : Let the house of Aaron now confess that his mercy endureth for- 
ever. IJs 

4 : Yea, let all that fear the Lord confess that his mercy endureth 
forever. ij 

The Introit Blessed is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord : 
we have blessed ye from the house of the Lord God is the Lord, and 
hath revealed himself unto us. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. {Tone 

Having been buried with thee in baptism, . . . {See page 204.) 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Collect-Hymn {Konddk). O Christ-God, who in heaven art borne 
upon the throne, and on earth upon the foal of an ass, thou didst 
accept the praises of the Angels, and the hymns of the children that 
cried unto thee : Blessed art thou who art come to recall Adam from 
the dead ! 

The Epistle. Phil. iv. 4-9. 

The Gospel, John xii. 1-18. 

In place of; Meet is it : The Ninth Theme-Song of the Canon. 

The Communion Hymn. Blessed is he that cometh in the Name of 
the Lord God is the Lord, and hath revealed himself unto us. 



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GREAT THURSDAY 

On Great Thursday the Church commemorateth the Lord's humbling of himself 
for our sakes : his washing the feet of his disciples, and the institution of the 
dread Mystery of the Body and Blood of Christ ; his prayer in the garden, and 
his betrayal by Judas. 

On this day, in some cathedral churches, the ceremony of the Washing of Feet is 
performed, as a lesson to us that we should serve one another. 

In the Cathedral of the Falling-asleep of the Birth-giver of God {the Assump- 
tion), in Moscow ; and in the Monastery of the Catacombs, in Kieff, at the 
conclusion of the Divine Liturgy on Holy Thursday is consecrated the Holy 
Chrism, which is used in all Russian churches, in the Sacrament of Christna- 
tion, after Baptism : also at the Coronation of the Emperor and impress of 
Russia, when they are anointed to their high office, as God commanded Jus 
prophets of old to anoint the kings over Israel. The Consecration of the Chrism 
taketh place at the Altar, after the Great Entrance. 

MATINS. 

Priest Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Then as usual (see Matins) until : God is. the Lord : in place of which Alleluia, 
in the Fifth Tone, is sung. 

The Deacon readeth the Verses (Stikhi). 

I. With my soul have I desired thee in the night, O God ; before the 
dawn : thy judgments are in the earth. 

Choir. Alleluia. {Thrice.) 

II. The inhabitants of the earth will learn righteousness, ft 

III. Envy shall seize the people who have not been chastised, ft 

IV. Thou hast increased evil, O Lord, thou hast increased evil to 
the high ones of the earth, ft 

Hymn. When the glorious disciples were illumined by the Washing 
at the Supper, then was the impious Judas, ailing with covetousness, 
darkened. And to the unjust judges doth he betray thee, the just Judge. 
Behold his money beloved, for the sake of which he hanged himself. 
Flee the insatiate soul which dared such things against the Master. O 
Lord who art good above all men, glory to thee. ( Tone VIII.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit 

When the glorious disciples . . . 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

When the glorious disciples ... 

Then the Deacon exclaimeth : 
And that he will vouchsafe us grace to hear the Holy Gospel, let us 
pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 



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GREAT THURSDAY 209 

Deacon. Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy GospeL 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Priest The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Luke. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord; glory to thee. 

Deacon. Let us attend ! 

The Priest readeth the Gospel: Luke xx. 1-39. 
Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Then Psalm lu is read: Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy great 

mercy. . . . (See page 45.) 
The Prayer : O God, save thy people : is not read but the Singers immediately 

begin 

THE CANON. 

In Tone V. (St Cosmos of Maium.) 

The Theme-Songs (Irmosi). I. The Red Sea by a stroke is parted 
in twain, and the depth which feedeth the waves is dried up, the same 
being trodden by the unarmed, and becoming a grave to those fully 
armed. And a song well-pleasing unto God is sung: Gloriously hath 
Christ our God been glorified ! « 

III. He who is the Lord of all, and God the Creator, the Passionless 
One, united the creature with himself, in that he did humble himself ; 
and himself becoming the Passover, did offer himself in anticipation 
unto those on behalf of whom it was his will to die, crying : Eat ye my 
body, and ye shall be strengthened in faith. 

IV. The Prophet, when he beheld the ineffable secret of thy Mys- 
tery, O Christ, cried out in anticipation : Thou, O merciful Father, 
didst appoint the firm love of thy might : for thou didst give thine 
Only-begotten Son to the world as an Atonement, O Good One. 

V. The Apostles, united in the bond of love, having dedicated them- 
selves unto Christ, who reigneth over all, made beautiful their feet to go 
and proclaim the glad tidings of peace unto all the world. 

VI. The nethermost abyss of sins hath compassed me about, and 
unable to endure the billows thereof, like Jonah I cry aloud unto thee, 
O Master : Lead me forth from corruption. 

The Collect-Hymn (Konddk), Tone II The Traitor, having taken 
bread in his hand, privily stretcheth forth the same, and taketh a price 
for him who with his hands had made man ; and Judas, the slave and 
the deceiver, remaineth reprobate. 

VII. The Children in Babylon felt no fear of the furnace's flames ; 
but when they were cast into the midst of the fire, being besprinkled 
with dew, they cried aloud in song : Blessed art thou, O God of our 
fathers ! 

VIII. The blessed Youths in Babylon, braving danger for the laws 
of their fathers, despised the mad behest of the potentate ; and when 
they were encompassed by the fire in which they were not consumed, 



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210 GREAT THURSDAY 

they sang a worthy song unto the Almighty : O all ye works of the 
Lord, bless ye the Lord, and magnify him unto all the ages. 

Let us praise, bless and worship the Lord, hymning and magnifying 
him unto all the ages. 

IX. Come, O ye faithful, let us enjoy the hospitality and the ban- 
quet immortal of the Lord, in the upper chamber, with minds uplifted, 
in that we have learned the Word from the Word who hath gone up 
on high : Whom also we do magnify. 

Then the Choir; Exapostildrwn. 

I behold thy richly adorned dwelling-place, O my Saviour, and I have 
no festal raiment, that I may enter in. Illumine thou the raiment of 
my soul, O Light-giver, and save me. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 

I behold . . . 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

I behold . . . 

Then the Reader readeth the three customary Psalms : O praise the Lord of 
heaven (Psalm cxlviii.) ; O sing unto the Lord a new song {Psalm cxlix.) ; 
O praise God in his holiness (Psalm el.). 

Glory to thee who hast shown us the light. 

Glory be to God on high, and on earth peace, good will toward men : 
We praise thee : and the rest, as usual, to the end, as shown in the Office 
for Matins, when celebrated separately. 

THE FIRST HOUR. 

The Order for the First Hour is as usual (see First Hour, page 38), with the 
Hymn for the Day (Tropdr). 

When the glorious disciples . . . (Seepage 208.) 

And then ; What shall we call thee, . . . (See page 39.) 

The Reader readeth the Hymn of Prophecy, in Tone IV. 

O Lord, who wast buffeted in the face for the sake of the human 
race, and yet waxed not wroth, deliver thou our life from corruption, 
and save us. (Twice.) 

Priest. Let us attend. 

Reader. The Gradual (Prokimen\ in the First Tone. Let the 
heathen understand that thy Name is the Lord. The Choir repeateth. 

Verse (Stikh) : Who is like unto thee, O God 

Priest. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Parable (Paremiyd) from the Prophecy of Jeremiah. 

Priest. Let us attend. 

The Reader then readeth the Parable; Jer. xi. 18-23, x »- »~5» 9-* 1 {*eUcUa\ 
14-15. 

Priest. Let us attend. Wisdom ! 



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GREAT THURSDAY 211 

Reader. The Gradual (Prokitnen), in the Eighth Tone. Pray and 
return thanks unto the Lord our God. 

Verse: We have seen God in Judah ; great is his Name in Israel. 

Reader. Order my steps in thy word, and so shall no wickedness . . . 
(See First Hour, page 40.) 

The Benediction. 

May the Lord who, for the sake of our salvation, cometh to his vol- 
untary Passion, Christ, our true God ; through the prayers . . . (See 
page 122.) 

And the Many Years. 

THE LITURGY. 

The Liturgy \ which is always that of St. Basil the Great, beginneth with 
Vespers. Vespers is celebrated as usual, with the following exceptions : 

The Verses (Stikkiri) for; Lord, I have cried: In Tone L Bring 
my soul out of prison, that I may give thanks unto thy Name. 

The whole multitude of the Jews assembleth together, and delivereth 
over unto Pilate the Maker and Creator of all men. O iniquitous ! 
O faithless ! They prepare for judgment him who shall come to judge 
both the quick and the dead ; him who healeth passions they prepare 
for his Passion. O Lord long-suffering, great is thy mercy : glory to 
thee. 

Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O Lord: O Lord, hear my 
voice. 

Judas the impious, when he had dipped his hand in the salt with thee, 
O Lord, stretched forth to the impious his hand to receive the pieces 
of silver ; and having meditated upon the price of the ointment, was 
not afraid to betray thee, the Priceless One : For he stretched forth 
his foot to be washed, he deceitfully kissed the Master, that he might 
betray him to the impious ones ; he was cast out from the company of 
the Apostles, and flung down the thirty pieces of silver, and beheld not 
thy rising on the third day : Through which show thou mercy upon us. 

If thou, Lord, wilt be extreme to mark what is done amiss, O Lord, 
who may abide it ? 

Judas the traitor, being deceitful, with a deceitful kiss did betray the 
Saviour, and Lord and Master of all men, in that he sold him like a 
slave to the Jews; like a sheep to the slaughter even so went the 
Lamb of God, the Son of the Father, the only All-Merciful One. 

My soul doth wait upon the Lord, before the morning watch, I say, 
before the morning watch. 

Judas showed himself a slave and deceiver, a disciple and a calumni- 
ator, a friend and a devil in his deeds ; for having followed the Teacher 
and learned the doctrine from him, he said within himself: I will betray 
him, and acquire the possessions which he hath accumulated ; for he 
sought to sell the ointment, and to take Jesus by guile. He gave a kiss, 



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212 GREAT THURSDAY 

he betrayed Christ. And like a sheep to the slaughter, even so went the 
Lamb of God, the only Compassionate One who loveth mankind 

O praise the Lord, all ye heathen : praise him, all ye nations. 

The Lamb which was prophesied by Isaiah cometh to his voluntary 
slaughter, and giveth his back to the smiters and his cheeks to them 
that plucked off the hair, and his face hath he not turned away from 
the ignominy of the spitting, and he is condemned to a shameful death- 
The Sinless One of his own will accepteth all things, and unto all men 
giveth he resurrection from the dead. 

Glory . . . now, and ever, . . - 

Tone VI. 

Judas was, of a truth, the descendant of the vipers who ate manna in 
the wilderness, and murmured against Him who fed them : for while 
the food was still in their mouths, the ingrates spake evil against God 
And this godless man, while he bare in his mouth the heavenly bread, 
committed treachery against the Saviour. O nature insatiable, and 
audacity inhuman! He selleth the One who feedeth him, and betray- 
eth unto death the Master who loveth him. Of a truth is he the son 
of the impious, and with them hath he inherited perdition. But spare 
thou our souls, O Lord, from such inhumanity, O thou who alone art 
of ineffable long-suffering. 

The Entrance is then made with ike Gospels. 

Deacon. Wisdom, O believers ! 
Choir. O gladsome radiance . . . {See page 8.) 
Deacon. Let us attend. 
Priest Peace be with you all 
Deacon, Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. The Gradual {Prokimen), in the First Tone. Deliver me 
from the deceitful and wicked man, O Lord. 

Verse {Stikh) : Who hath imagined evil in his heart all the day long. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Parable (Paremiyd) from Exodus. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Reader then readeth the Parable {Paremiyd) : Exodus xix. 10-19. 

Reader The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Seventh Tone. Remove 
me from mine enemies, O God, and deliver me from them that rise up 
against me. 

Verse (Stikk) : Deliver me from them that work wickedness. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Parable (Paremiyd) from Job. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Reader then readeth the Parable ; Job xxxviii. 1-22, xlii. 1-5. 
Deacon. Wisdom ! 



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GREAT THURSDAY 213 

Reader. The Parable (Paremiyd) from the Prophecy of Isaiah. 
Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Reader then readet\: Isaiah 1. 4-1 1. 
Then the Little Litany, with the Exclamation : 

For holy art thou, O our God, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to 
the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir, Amen. O Holy God/ Holy Mighty : and the rest, as usual. 
{See page 86.) 

Reader. The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Seventh Tone. The princes 
of the people are assembled together against the Lord, and against his 
Anointed. 

Verse (Stikh) : Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a 
vain thing? 

Reader. The Lesson from the First Epistle of St. Paul to the 
Corinthians. 

And the Reader readeth the Epistle : 1 Cor. xi. 23-32. 

Deacon. The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Matthew. 

And the Deacon readeth the Gospel: Matt xxvi. 1-20; John xiii. 3-17; Matt, 
xxvi. 21-39 ; Luke xxii. 43-45 ; Matt. xxvi. 40, xxvii. 1-2. 

In place of the Cherubimic Hymn, the Choir singeth, in Tone VI. : 

Of thy Mystical Supper, O Son of God, accept me to-day as a com- 
municant ; for I will not speak of thy Mystery to thine enemies, neither 
like Judas will I give thee a kiss; but like the thief will I confess 
thee : Remember me, O Lord, in thy kingdom. 

And in place of: Meet is it : 

Come, O ye faithful, let us enjoy the hospitality and the banquet 
immortal of the Lord, in the upper chamber, with minds uplifted, in 
that we have learned the Word from the Word who hath gone up on 
high : Whom we do magnify. 

And in place of the Communion Hymn : 
Of thy Mystical Supper, . . . (See above.) 

Also, in place of: Let our mouths be filled : 

Of thy Mystical Supper, . . . 

The Benediction. 

Priest. May he who, because of his surpassing graciousness, showed 
unto us the most excellent way of humility, when he washed the dis- 
ciples' feet, and condescended even unto the Cross, and burial, Christ 
our true God: and the rest, as usual. (See page 122.) 



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GREAT (GOOD) FRIDAY 

On Great Friday we commemorate the redeeming sufferings of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, who for our sakes voluntarily endured oeing spat upon, beaten, buffeted 
in the face, jeered at, pierced with the nails and the spear, and, in conclusion,— 
death upon the Cross. Wherefore, the Service for Matins is entitled: The 
Office of the holy and redeeming Sufferings of our Lord Jesus 
Christ ; and its characteristic feature consisteth in the reading of the Twelve 
Gospels, which narrate the same. 

Matins beginneth in the same manner as on Thursday. While : Alleluia, and: 
When the glorious disciples . . . (see Great Thursday) are being sung, the 
Clergy come forth from the Sanctuary with the book of the Gospels to the 
centre of the Temple,p lace the book on the lectern, light tapers (as do the People 
also), and cense the Temple and those present. 

Then the Little Litany ; Again, yet again, . . . with the Exclamation : For thine 
are the kingdom and the power . . . 

That he will graciously vouchsafe unto us : and the rest. {Seepage 30.) 
Glory to thy Passion, O Lord. {Before each Gospel.) 

Then the Gospels. (1) John xiii. 31-xviiL 1. (2) John xviii. 1-28. (3) Matt xxvi. 
S7-7S- (4) J°hn xviii. 28-xix. 16. (5) Matt, xxvii. 3-32. (6) Mark xv. 16-32. 
(7) Matt, xxvii. 33-54. (8) Luke xxiii. 32-49. (9) John xix. 25-37, (10) Mark xv. 
43-47. (11) John xix- 38-42. (12) Matt xxvii. 62-66. 

Glory to thy long-suffering, O Lord. {After each Gospel.) 
After the first Gospel, the Antiphon, in Tone VIII. 

The Princes of the people are assembled against the Lord, and 
against his Christ. 

Thou hast laid upon me the word of transgression, O Lord : Lord, 
forsake me not. 

Let us offer unto Christ our pure affections, and as his friends let us 
sacrifice our souls for his sake ; and let us not be oppressed, like unto 
Judas, with the cares of life, but in our closets let us cry aloud : Our 
Father, who art in heaven, from the Evil One deliver thou us. 

After the second Gospel, the Antiphon, in Tone V. 

To-day doth Judas abandon the Master, and accept the devil : he is 
blinded by the passion of cupidity ; being darkened, he falleth away 
from the light. For how can he see who, for thirty pieces of silver, 
hath sold the Light ? But he who hath suffered for the world hath 
shone upon us. Unto him let us cry aloud : O Lord, who hast suffered, 
and who hast compassion upon men, glory to thee. 

After the third Gospel, the Antiphon, in Tone VIII. 

Unto those who unlawfully did seize thee, having suffered much, 
thus didst thou cry, O Lord : If ye smite the Shepherd, and scatter 



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GREAT FRIDAY 215 

abroad the twelve sheep, my disciples, I might present more than 
twelve legions of Angels. But I will forbear, that the obscure and secret 
things, which I have revealed unto you through my prophets, may be 
fulfilled. Glory, O Lord, to thee. 

After the fourth Gospel, the Antiphon, in Tone VI. 

He who decketh himself with light as it were with a garment, stood 
naked at the judgment seat, and received buffetings upon the cheek 
from the hands of those whom he had created. The iniquitous people, 
also, did nail to the Cross the Lord of glory. Then was the veil of the 
Temple rent in twain, and the sun was darkened, for it could not 
endure to behold God affronted, before whom all things do quake. Unto 
him let us bow down. 

After the fifth Gospel, the Antiphon, in Tone VI. 

The assembly of the Jews besought Pilate to crucify thee, O Lord. 
For though they found no fault in thee, they liberated the guilty Barab- 
bas, and condemned thee, the Just One, and became guilty of the sin of 
foul murder. But grant, O Lord, their reward unto those who vainly 
wrought evil against thee. 

But besides the above Antiphons, between the reading of the second, third, fourth, 
fifth and sixth Gospels, are sung three more Antiphons. The Little Litany and 
a Sitting-Hymn (Syeddlen) are said and sung; and the customary censing of the 
Temple is performed. 

After the sixth Gospel, the Beatitudes, with their Hymns (Tropari), are chanted, 
and the Gradual (Prokimen) : 

They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did 
they cast lots. 

After the seventh Gospel, Psalm It. ~s read. 

After the eighth Gospel, is sung the Three-Song Canon, in Tone VI. 

Theme-Song V. (Irmds). My soul awaketh early unto thee, O God, 
who through tenderness of heart didst exhaust thyself for the fallen, 
yet without change of Essence; and being thyself without passion, 
didst condescend unto thy Passion. Grant peace unto me who have 
fallen, O thou who lovest mankind. {Twice.) 

Refrain. Glory to thee, O our God ; glory to thee. 

And its two Hymns, each six times, with the Refrai*: Glory . . . now, and ever, 
. . . / the Theme-Song ; the Little Litany ; the Collect-Hymn (Konddk){see page 
ziy); and the Ifcos. Then, 

Theme-Song VIII (Irmds). The divine Children put to shame the 
monument of blasphemous wrath. And the unlawful Council, raging 
against Christ, took counsel in vain, when they sought to slay him who 
hcjdeth life in the hollow of his hand ; whom, also, let all creation bless, 
magnifying him unto all the ages, B> 



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316 GREAT FRIDAY 

And its four Hymns, with the Refrain. 

Theme-Song IX. (Irmds). More honourable than the Cherubim, and 
beyond compare more glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without 
defilement barest God the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify 
thee. 

And its four Hymns, with the Refrain. 

The Exapostildrion. In one moment thou didst graciously vouchsafe 
Paradise unto the wise thief, O Lord : Illumine thou me, also, by the 
tree of the Cross, and save me. 

After the ninth Gospel : Let everything that hath breath praise the Lord : with 
its Stanxas (Stikktri). As: 

Two treacherous things hath my first-born son, Israel, done: He 
hath abandoned my fountain of living water, and hath digged for him- 
self a well of contrition ; he hath crucified me on the Cross, and hath 
asked for himself and hath released Barabbas. Heaven was affrighted 
thereat, and the sun hid its rays, but thou, O Israel, hast not been 
ashamed, but hast delivered me over unto death. Forgive them, Father ; 
they know not what they have done. 

After the tenth Gospel : Glory be to God on high, . . . (see page 34) is read; 
then the Litany : Let us complete our morning prayer . . . 

After the eleventh Gospel, the Canticles of the Psalms. As : 

All creation was confounded with terror when it beheld thee sus- 
pended on the Cross, O Christ. The sun was darkened, and the foun- 
dations of the earth were shaken : all things suffered in sympathy with 
him who had created all things. O Lord, who of thine own good will 
didst suffer for us, glory to thee. 

Then the final censing. 
After the twelfth Gospel, the ending of Matins. 

It is a good thing to give thanks unto the Lord, . . . O Holy God, 
Holy Mighty, . . . Our Father, . . . 

The Hymn (Tropdr), in Tone IV. Thou hast ransomed us from the 
curse of the law by thy precious blood ; when thou wast nailed to the 
Cross and pierced with a spear, thou didst pour forth irrfmortality for 
men, O our Saviour : glory to thee. 

Tlie Augmented Litany, and the Benediction. May he who, for the 
sake of us men, and for our salvation, deigned to endure terrible suf- 
ferings, and the life-giving Cross, and voluntary burial, Christ, our true 
God : and the rest, as usual. {See page 122.) 

The First Hour is not joined to Matins, but is read separately, together with 
the Third, Sixth and Ninth Hours. 

The Imperial Hours. {Composed by Cyril of Alexandria) 

First Hour. Psalms v., ii., xxii. 



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GREAT FRIDAY 217 

Hymn (Tropdr). When thou wast crucified, O Christ, the tormentor 
was overcome, the power of the enemy was shattered ; for neither 
Angel nor man, but the Lord himself hath saved us : Glory to thee. 

The Parable (Paremiyd). Zech. xix. 10-13. 

The Epistle, Gal. vi 14-18. 

The Gospel. Matt xxviL 1-56. 

The CollecUHymn (Konddk), in Tone VI I L Come, all ye, let us sing 
him who was crucified for us. For him did Mary behold on the Tree, 
and say : Even though thou sufferest crucifixion, yet art thou my Son 
and my God. 

Third Hour. Psalms xxxv., cix., li. 

The Hymn, in Tone VI. The Jews who had passed through the Red 
Sea by the rod, condemned to death and crucified on the Cross thee, 
O Lord, the life of all men; and they who had sucked honey from 
the rock brought gall unto thee ; but of thine own good will didst thou 
suffer, and free us from the works of the enemy. O Christ, glory to 
thee. 

The Parable {Paremiyd). Isaiah 1. 4-1 1. 

The Epistle. Rom. v. 6-10. 

The Gospel. Mark xv. 1-41. 

The CollecUHymn, Come, alive, . . . (See First Hour, above.) 

Sixth Hour. Psalms liv., cxl., xci. 

The Hymn, in Tone II Thou hast effected salvation on earth, O 
Christ our God, thou hast stretched out thy most pure hands on the 
Cross, collecting together all the Gentiles, who cried : Glory to thee, 
O Lord. 

The Parable (Paremiyd). Isaiah lit 13-15, liii. 1-12, liv. 1. 

The Epistle. Heb. ii. 11-18. 

The Gospel. Luke xxiii. 32-49. 

The Collect-Hymn (Konddk). Come, all ye, . . . (See above.) 

Ninth Hour. Psalms lxix., lxx., lxxxvi. 

The Hymn (Tropdr). When the thief beheld the Author of Life 
hanging upon the Cross, he said : If thou, who art crucified with us, 
wast not God incarnate, the sun would not have hidden its rays, neither 
would the earth have quaked with trembling. But do thou, who sufferest 
all things, remember me in thy kingdom, O Lord. 

The Parable (Parefkiyd). Jer. xii. 18-23, xii. 1-I5- 

The Epistle. Heb. x. 19-31. 

The Gospel John xviii. 28-, xix. 1-37. 

The Collect-Hymn. (See above.) 

The Typical Psalms are as usual. 

In order that the fast which the Holy Church imposeth upon the faithful in 
her great affliction at the removal of her Bridegroom may not be broken, the 
Liturgy is not celebrated on Great Friday. The sacrifice, on that day, is offered 
on Golgotha* (Only in case the Feast of the Annunciation falleth on that day 
the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom is celebrated,) 



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2i8 GREAT FRIDAY 

VESPERS. 

Especially affecting is Vespers^ which is celebrated on Great Friday at four 
o y clocks when the winding-sheet (J>lashtschanitza) is brought into the centre of 
the Temple. 

Before the beginning of the service the winding-sheet is laid on the Altar. Tkt 
Senior Priest vesteth himself in all the ecclesiastical vestments pertaining to 
his rank. The beginning of the service is as usual. The Stanzas {Stikhiri) of: 
Lord, I have cried : 

I. Tone I All creation was confounded with terror when it beheld 
thee suspended on the Cross, O Christ. The sun was darkened, and the 
foundations of the earth were shaken : all things suffered in sympathy 
with him who had created all things. O Lord, who of thine own good 
will didst suffer for us, glory to thee. 

II. Tone II To-day the Virgin undented, beholding thee, the Word, 
uplifted upon the Cross, weeping with the tender love of a mother, was 
sore wounded in the heart, and moaned grievously from the depths of her 
soul, wiping her face with her hair. Wherefore also beating her hands, 
she cried piteously : Woe is me, O my Son divine ! Woe is me, O Light 
of the World ! Why hast thou departed from mine eyes, O Lamb of 
God ? For which cause also the host of the Bodiless Powers were seized 
with trembling, and said : O Lord Ineffable, glory to thee! 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

III. Tone VI A mystery dread and most glorious to-day is seen to 
be accomplished : he who is intangible is held fast ; he who loosed 
Adam from the curse is bound ; he who trieth the heart and reins un- 
lawfully is tried ; he is confined in darkness who confined the abyss ; 
before Palate standeth he before whom stand the Powers of Heaven ; 
the Creator is buffeted in the face by the hand of the creature ; to the 
Tree is adjudged he who judgeth the living and the dead ; the Destroyer 
of Hell is confined in the tomb. O Benignant Lord, who compassionately 
endurest all things, and savest all men from the curse, glory to thee. 

The Entrance with the Gospels. O gladsome radiance . . . (PageS.) 

The Gradual (Proklmen). They parted my garments among them, 
and upon my vesture did they cast lots. 

The Parables {Paremii). Exodus xxxiii. 1 1-23 ; Job xlil 12-17 J Isaiah 
lil 13-15, liii. 1-12, liv. 1. 

The Epistle. 1 Cor. i. 1 8-, ii. I, 2. 

The Gospel. Matt, xxvil 1-38 ; Luke xxiii, 39-43 ; Matt, xxvii 39- 
54; John xix. 31-37; Matt, xxvil 55-61. 

The Augmented Litany. Let us aU say, . , . ; The Litany of Suppli- 
cation. Let us complete . . . (Seepage 35.) 

When Joseph, together with Nicodemus, had taken from the Tree 
thee, who clothest thyself in light as in a garment, and beheld thee dead, 
naked and unburied, that compassionate man was seized with weeping* 
and with lamentation said : Woe is me, O sweetest Jesus, whom so 



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GREAT FRIDAY 219 

little while ago the sun beheld hanging on the Cross, wrapped in dark- 
ness, while the earth did quake and the veil of the Temple was rent 
in twain ! But lo, now I behold thee, who for my sake, of thine own good 
will, hast endured death. How shall I bury thee, O my God ? Or with 
what winding-sheet shall I enshroud thee ! With what hands shall I 
touch thy body incorruptible ? Or what songs shall I sing at thy forth- 
going, O Bountiful One? I exalt thy sufferings. In song also will I 
glorify thy burial, with Resurrection, crying: O Lord, glory to thee! 

During this time, the Senior Priest, accompanied by the Deacon with a taper, 
censeth round about the A /tar, thrice. 

Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, . . . O Holy 
God, Holy Mighty, . m . Our Father, . . . For thine is the king- 
dom, . . . (Seepage 13.) 

And the Choir singeih : 

Noble Joseph, when he had taken thy pure Body from the Tree, 
did wrap it in fine linen and spices, and sorrowing did lay it in a new 
sepulchre. 

An Angel stood before the Myrrh-bearing Women at the tomb, cry- 
ing: Spices are meet for the dead, but Christ hath revealed himself as 
a stranger to corruption. 

While these Hymns are being sung, the Clergy lift the winding-sheet from the 
Altar, and preceded by assistants bearing tapers, they make the circuit of the 
Altar, bearing the winding-sheet on their heads. And they go to the centre of 
the Temple and lay it on the tomb there prepared. Then followelh a triple 
censing of the winding-sheet, and of the whole Temple, and of those present. 

An address appropriate to the day is generally made here. Then the 

Benediction. 

May he who for the sake of us men, and for our salvation, deigned to 
endure terrible sufferings, and the life-giving Cross, and voluntary 
burial, Christ, our true God : and the rest, as usual. (Seepage 122.) 

The faithful, following the example of the Priest, approach the grave of the Lord, 
kneeling and kissing it. 



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GREAT SATURDAY 

On Great Saturday the Church commemorateth the Burial of the body of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, and his descent into HelL As a watch was set over the 
tomb of the Saviour, in like manner, during the whole course of the Matins 
service the Clergy hardly depart from the tomb of the winding-sheet ; while 
during the Hours and the Liturgy, all the exits from the sanctuary are per* 
formed around the winding-sheet; as, for example, the Little and Great 
Entrances. 

The beginning of Matins is as usual. While ; God is the Lord : is being sung, 
the Holy JDoor is opened, and the Clergy come forth to the centre of the Temple. 
The winding-sheet and the Temple are censed. 

The Hymns (Tropari), in Tone IL I. Noble Joseph, when he had 
taken thy pure Body from the Tree, did wrap it in fine linen and spices, 
and sorrowing did lay it in a new sepulchre, 

II. When thou didst descend into Hell, O Life Immortal, then didst 
thou annihilate Hell with the radiance of thy divinity. And when thou 
hadst raised up all the dead from the nethermost regions, all the Powers 
of heaven cried aloud : O Life-giver, Christ our God, glory to thee ! 

III. An Angel stood before the Myrrh-bearing Women at the tomb, 
crying ; Spices are meet for the dead, but Christ hath revealed himself 
as a stranger to corruption. 

Then, directly in front of the winding-sheet, the Seventeenth Selection of Psalms 
is read (Psalm cxix.% each verse being followed by Eulogies of the dead and 
buried Lord* This selection of Psalms is divided into three parts, separated 
by the Little Litany, and an Exclamation. 

Examples of the Eulogies. Tone V. Part L 

I. Thou didst lay down thy life in the grave, O Christ, and the 
Angelic Host was affrighted, glorifying thy condescension. 

II. O Life, how shalt thou die? How shalt thou dwell in the grave? 
But thou shalt annihilate the kingdom of Death, and shalt raise up the 
dead out of Hell. 

III. We magnify thee, O Jesus the King, and we reverence thy 
burial and thy sufferings, whereby thou hast saved us from corrup- 
tion. 

Exclamation. {After the Litany.) For blessed is thy Name, and 
glorified is thy kingdom, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Part II. 

Eulogies. I. Meet is it that we should magnify thee, the Life-giver, 
who hast stretched out thy hands upon the Cross, and hast shattered 
the dominion of the enemy. 



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GREAT SATURDAY 



221 



Thy hands have made me, and fashioned me ; give me understanding, 
that I may learn thy commandments. 

II. Meet is it that we should magnify thee, the Creator of all men : 
for by thy sufferings we have immortality, O thou who deliverest us 
from corruption. 

III. The earth was affrighted, and the sun hid itself, O Saviour, 
when it beheld thee, the light which knoweth no setting, O Christ, 
entering into the grave in the flesh, 

IV. Thou didst fall asleep in the grave, O Christ, with sleep which 
is natural to creatures, and from the heavy sleep of sin didst raise up 
the human race. 

Exclamation. {After the Litany.) For holy art thou, O our God, who 
restest on the cherubimic throne of glory, and unto thee do we ascribe 
glory, together with thy Father who is from everlasting, and thine all- 
holy, good and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Part III. Tone III. 

Eulogies. I. All nations bring a song to thy burial, O my Christ. 
O look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me, as thou usest to do 
unto those that love thy Name. 

II. He of Arimathea, having taken thee from the Tree, and wrapped 
thee in a winding-sheet, interreth thee in the tomb. 

III. The Myrrh-bearing Women came, most wisely bringing spices 
unto thee, O my Christ 

IV. O come, all creation, let us bring the parting songs to the Creator. 
Exclamation. For thou art the King of Peace, O Christ our God, 

and unto thee do we ascribe glory, together with thy Father who is 
'from everlasting, and thine all-holy, good and life-giving Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 



The Eulogies are followed by the Hymns^ The company of the Angels . 
Sunday Matins, page 28), Psalm lt\ and 

THE CANON. Tone VI 



.(See 



Theme-Songs (Irmosl). I. The children of those that were saved, hid 
under the earth Him who of old drowned in the waves of the sea the 
tormentor pursuing. And let us like the virgins sing unto the Lord, 
for gloriously hath he glorified himself. 

III. When Creation beheld thee, who didst suspend the whole earth 
immovably upon the waters, hanging upon Calvary, it quaked with great 
amaze, and cried : There is none holy, save thou, O Lord. 

IV. When Habakkuk by anticipation beheld thy exhaustion divine 
upon the Cross, he cried in amaze: Thou hast destroyed the dominion 
of the mighty, O Good One, in that hast joined thyself unto the com- 
pany pi those who were in Hell : for thou art almighty. 



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222 GREAT SATURDAY 

V. When Isaiah beheld the light which knoweth no setting of thy 
divine manifestation, that was graciously made unto us, O Christ, his 
soul longed for thee in the night-season, and he cried : The dead shall 
rise, and those who lie in the grave shall be awakened, and all the 
earth-born shall rejoice. 

VI. Jonah was seized but was not held in the belly of the whale, in 
that he represented the type of thee, who didst suffer and give thyself 
over unto burial ; and he came forth from the monster as from a cham- 
ber of repose, and spake unto the guards : Ye that regard lying vanities 
have forsaken your own mercy. 

The Collect-Hymn (Konddk). The Immortal One who imprisoned the 
deep is beheld dead, and, wrapped with spices and a winding-sheet, is laid 
in the tomb as he were mortal ; and the women have come to anoint 
him with spices, weeping bitterly and crying : This is the blessed Sat- 
urday whereon Christ, having fallen asleep, shall rise again on the third 
day. 

VII. O marvel unutterable ! He who delivered the Holy Children in 
the fiery furnace from the flames, is laid dead, bereft of breath, in the 
grave, for the salvation of us who sing : O God our Redeemer ! Blessed 
art thou. 

VIII. Fear with trembling, O ye heavens, and let the foundations of 
the earth be shaken ! For lo, he who dwelleth on high is numbered 
among the dead and is lodged in the narrow grave. Ye Children, bless; 
ye Priests, sing praises ; ye People, magnify him unto all the ages I 

IX. Lament not for me, O Mother, when thou beholdest in the tomb 
the Son whom, without seed, thou didst conceive in thy womb, for I 
shall rise again, and glorify myself \ and in that I am God, I will raise 
in glory that hath no ending those who, with faith and love, do magnify 
thee. 

( While the Canon is being sung, the Senior Priest array eth himself in his full 
vestments?) 

Holy is the Lord our God. . . . Let everything which hath breath 
praise the Lord. . . . (Tone II) Most blessed art thou, O Virgin 
Birth-giver . . . {See page 34.) 

Priest Glory to thee, who hast shown us the light 

Choir. Glory be to God on high, . . . 

When the Gloria in Excelsis hath been finished, and while the affecting Thrice- 
Holy (O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . ) is being sung, and all the bells are rung, 
the Senior Priest takethfrom the winding-sheet the book of the Holy Gospels 
which lieth thereon, and with it, beneath the winding-sheet, which is upheld by 
the Priests, while the Deacons cense, he performeth the procession of bearing 

. the winding-sheet around the Church. When the circuit hath been completed, 
they carry the winding-sheet back into the Church, and the procession hattetk in 
front of the Holy boor. Here the Exclamation : Wisdom \ is made, and 
the Hymn .* Noble Joseph, . . . (see page 220) is sung* The winding-sheet is 
then replaced on the tomb, and upon the winding-sheet is laid the book of the 
Holy Gospels. 



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GREAT SATURDAY 223 

Then follow : The Parables (Paremii\ Ezek. xxxvii. 1-14; the Epistle, 1 Con v. 
6-&; the Gospel, Matt, xxvii. 62-66; the Augmented Litany, Let us say, . . •; 
and the Litany of Supplication, Let us complete . . . {Seepage 36J 

The Benediction. May he who, for the sake of us men, and for our 
salvation, endured dire sufferings, and the life-giving Cross, and vol- 
untary burial in the flesh, Christ our true God: and the rest (See 
page 122.) 

The Choir then singeth the Stanza (Stikhira), in Tone V. 

O come, let us bless Joseph ever-memorable, who came by night 
unto Pilate, and begged the Life of all men : Give me this stranger, 
who hath not where to lay his head ; give me this stranger, whom a 
crafty disciple hath betrayed unto death ; give me this stranger, whose 
Mother, when she beheld him hanging on the Cross, cried with weep- 
ing, and with maternal feeling exclaimed : Woe is me, woe is me, my 
child ! Woe is me, my Light, and the beloved of my bosom ! that which 
was foretold in the church by Simeon to-day hath come to pass! A 
weapon shall pierce thy heart, but into the joy of the Resurrection shall 
thy lament be changed. We worship thy sufferings, O Christ ; we wor- 
ship thy sufferings, O Christ ; we worship thy sufferings, O Christ, and 
thy holy Resurrection. 

Then the First Hour is read. 

On Great Saturday, the Third, Sixth and Ninth /fours, as usual; the Hymn ; 
Noble Joseph, . . . (see page 220); the Collect-Hymn (Konddky. The Im- 
mortal One who imprisoned the deep . . . (See page 222.) 731* Liturgy of St. 
Basil the Great is used, and is celebrated after Vespers. But as the Vespers 
refer to the following day, in it the joyous songs of the Resurrection are united 
with the songs of Great Saturday. 

Vespers beginneth : Blessed is the kingdom ; the Sunday Verses (Stikhiri) of the 
First Tone, to : Lord, I have called ; the Hymn to the Birth-giver of God 
(Bogordditchen) : 

Let us sing the praises of Mary, Virgin, Door of heaven, Glory of 
all the world, sprung forth from man, who also bare the Lord ; the 
Song of the Bodiless Powers, and the Enriching of the faithful. For 
she revealed herself as Heaven and the Temple of the Godhead. She 
destroyed the bulwarks of enmity, and ushered in peace, and threw 
open the kingdom. Wherefore, in that we possess this confirmation 
of our faith, we have a defender, even the Lord who was born of her. 
Be bold, therefore, be bold, ye people of God, for he, the All-Powerful, 
shall vanquish your foes. 

The Entrance is made with the Gospels. After: O gladsome radiance . . . 
(page 8); the Parables (ParemU\ Genesis 1. 1-13 ; Isaiah lx. 1-16; Exodus 
xii. i-nt Jonah i. 1-16, ii. 1-11, Hi. 1-10, iv. 1-11 ; Joshua v. 10-15; Exodus 
xiii. 20-22, xiv., xv. 1-19. 

During the reading of the concluding verses of the sixth Parable (Paremiyd% the 
Chotr singeth : For gionousrj hath be glorified himself. 



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234 GREAT SATURDAY 

The Parables (Paremii). Zeph. Hi. 8-15; 1 Kings xvii. 8-24; Isaiah bri. 10, n, 
lxii. 1-5; Genesis xxii. 1— 18 ; Isaiah lxh 1-9; 2 Kings iv. 8-37 ; Isaiah lxiiL 
ii-iq, xliv. 1-5; Jer. xxxi. 31-34; Dan. Hi. 1-23 (and the Song of the Holy 
Children, Apocrypha). During the reading of the concluding verses of the 
Fifteenth Lesson, the Choir singeth: Sing ye unto the Lord, and exalt him 
forever. 

The Little Litany ; Exclamation ; For holy art thou . . . : In place of the Thrice- 
holy ; Ye who have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ The Gradual, 
in the Fifth Tone; Let all the earth worship thee, and sing thee, yea, let it sing 
unto thy Name, O Most Highest The Epistle* Romans vi. 3-1 1. Instead 
of: Alleluia : Arise, O God, judge the earth ; for thou shalt inherit all nations : 
with its Verses (Slikhf) ; (Psalm Ixxxii.). 

While these are being sung, the Clergy change their sombre vestments for light 
vestments, in preparation for the reading of the Gospel concerning Chrtsfs 
Resurrection ; Matt, xxviii. 1-20. 

In place of the Cherubimic Hymn : 

Let all mortal flesh hold its peace, and stand with fear and trembling, 
and meditate nothing earthly within itself : for the King of Kings and 
the Lord of Lords cometh to be slain, and to give himself to be the 
food of the faithful. And before him also come the Angelic Hosts with 
all dominion and power, the many-eyed Cherubim, and the six-winged 
Seraphim, covering their faces, and crying aloud the song : Alleluia. 

The Communion Hymn. 

The Lord is risen, as though he slept, and he who saveth us is risen 
from the dead. 

In place of: Meet is it : 

Lament not for me, O Mother, when thou beholdest in the tomb the 
Son whom, without seed, thou didst conceive in thy womb : for I shall 
rise again and glorify myself ; and in that I am God, I will raise in glory 
that hath no ending those who with faith and love do magnify thee. 

After the Liturgy it is customary to have the Blessing of the Loaves and the 
Wine, wherewith the faithful may strengthen themselves before they listen to 
the reading of the Acts of the Apostles. 

In the evening the reading of the Acts of the Apostles taketh place. The Priest 
bestoweth the blessing; Through the prayers of our holy fathers, O Lord Jesus 
Christ our God, have mercy upon us. 

Then followeth the reading of the Acts. It is the custom to have a number of 
readers, who succeed one another, and read the Acts until the very beginning 
of the Easter Midnight Service (Polun6tchnitza\ which precedeth the Easter 
Matins. 

The Easter Midnight Service generally beginneth in such a way that it shall be 
finished at midnight, as the Beginning of the Easter Refrain is always made to 
coincide with the midnight stroke of the bells. The order of the Midnight Ser- 
vice is as followeth ; 

Priest. Blessed is our God . . . Reader. O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . , .; Our 
Father, . . .; O come, let us worship . . .; the Canon of Great Saturday : The 
children of those . . . (Seepage 221.) 



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GREAT SATURDAY 225 

While : Lament not for me, Mother, . . . (the Ninth Theme-Song) is beingsung, 
the Priest reverently beareth the winding-sheet from the centre of the Temple 
to the Sanctuary j and layeth it on the Altar* Then the doors are closed. The 
Litany; Have mercy upon us, God, . . . ; Holy God, Holy Mighty, .'. .; 
Our Father, . . .; the Hymn (Tropdr) in Tone //., When thou didst descend 
into Hell, . . . (seepage no) for Sunday ; the IMtle Benediction. 



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EASTER 



Easter, the Feast of Feasts, is celebrated by the Church with special solemnity. 
The Temple is filled with the fragrance of incense and myriads of lights; 
the Clergy are arrayed in their choicest light-hued vestments. All the People 



grace whuh proceeded from the Resurrection of the Saviour. 

At midnight ike Holy iJoor is opened; and it remaineth open for the whole of 
Easter week. The Rector, with the censer and the triple candlestick and cross, 
censeth the Altar ; then, accompanied by his fellow-clergy ; who bear the book of 
the Holy Gospels and the holy images, and the Deacons who cense, and pre- 
ceded by a procession of the cross with the church banners and lights, hcgpeth 
forth from the church, all singing with him the chant of joy : The Angels 
in heaven, O Christ our Saviour, sing thy Resurrection. This chant is taken up 
and continued by the Choir and the People thus : And do thou enable us on 
earth to glorify thee with a pure Heart 

They triumphantly make the circuit of the church, the bells pealing the while, 
and then all enter the porch, the doors leading therefrom into the Templt 
remaining closed. Across this western door the processton rangeth itself with 
the Gospels, and images ; and the Priest, holding the censer in his right hand, 
and the triple candlestick with the cross in his left, censeth the Holy Things, and 
the Brethren, and all the People, and also the closed door, in the form of a cross. 
After this he beginneth : 

Glory to the Holy, Consubstantial, Life-giving and Undivided Trinity, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by 
death, and upon those in the tomb bestowing life. {Thrice.) i 

And the Choirs sing this thrice also. Then the Priest intoneth the Verses: 
I : Let God arise, and let his enemies be scattered, and let them also 
that hate him flee before him. 

And after each Verse the Choirs respond: ' 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, and 
upon those in the tomb bestowing life. 

2 : Like as the smoke vanisheth, so shall they vanish, and like as 
wax melteth at the fire. 5 

3 : So let the ungodly perish at the presence of God, but let the 
righteous rejoice. IJj 

4 : This is the day which the Lord hath made : we will rejoice and 
be glad in it I£ 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit ft ' 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. # 

Then the Priest chanteth, in a louder voice : 

Christ is risen inm the dead, trampling down Death by death. 



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EASTER 227 

Then the closed doors are opened* and the Priest entereth with the honourable 
cross, preceded by the tapers, and by the Brethren singing : 

And upon those in the tomb bestowing life. 

And thereupon the Priests go to the holy Sanctuary.* 

Then the Deacon saith the Litany of Peace {page 26). 

Exclamation. 

For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. Amen. 

Then the principal Priest beginneth the Canon, composed by St. John of Damas- 
cus. And at the beginning of the Canon the Priest censeth the holy pictures* 
and the Choirs, and the Brethren, according to their rank. 

And if the Feast of the A nnunciation chance to fall on Easter Day {in which 
case the Feast is called Kiriopaskha), the Hymns for the Ammnciation are 
added to those for Easter. 

THE CANON. 

{During each Theme-Song the Priest censeth.) 

Canticle I n Tone I. 

Theme-Song (IrmSs). The Day of Resurrection ! Let us be illumined, 
O ye people! The Passover, the Passover of the Lord ! From death 
unto life, and from earth unto heaven hath Christ our God brought us 
over, singing a song of victory ! 

Refrain. Christ is risen from the dead ! 

Hymn (Tropdr). Let us purify our senses and we shall behold Christ, 
radiant with the light ineffable of the Resurrection, and shall hear him 
say, in accents clear : Rejoice ! as we sing the song of victory. 

Refrain. Christ is risen from the dead ! 

Hymn. For meet is it that the heavens should rejoice, and that the 
earth should be glad, and that the whole world, both visible and invis- 
ible, should keep the Feast. For Christ is risen, the everlasting joy I 

The Choirs. The Day of Resurrection ! . . . 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, and 
upon those in the tomb bestowing life. {Thrice.} 

The Little Litany. 

Deacon, Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord, 
Choir, Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace. 

* It is customary to make the circuit of the church outside, to typify the women who 
came, very early in the morning, bearing spices, to anoint the body of our Lord. The Easter 
Matins are thus begun outside the church, in memory of the Myrrh-bearing Women and 
the disciples having first received tidings of Christ's resurrection Wore the entrance to his 
tomb. 



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228 EASTER 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thine is the majesty, and thine are the kingdom and the 
power and the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages, 

Choin Amen. 

Canticle III 

Theme-Song (Irmds). O come, let us quaff a beverage new, not from 
a barren rock miraculously called forth; but the Fountain of Im- 
mortality springing from the tomb of Christ : on whom also we are 
founded. 

Refrain. Christ is risen from the dead ! 

Hymn (Tropdr). Now are all things filled with light; heaven, and 
earth, and the places under the earth. All Creation doth celebrate the 
Resurrection of Christ, on whom also it is founded. IJ 

Hymn. Yesterday, O Christ, was I buried with thee, and to-day I 
rise again with thy rising. Yesterday was I crucified with thee : Do 
thou thyself glorify me, O Saviour, in thy kingdom, ft 

Then the Choirs repeat, thrice^ the Theme-Song: O come, let us quaff . . . and : 
Christ is risen . . . trampling down Death . . • (Thrice). 

The Little Litany (seepage 227). 
Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art our God, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to 
the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

ipakdi, Tone III. 

When they who with the Marys came, forestalling the dawn, and 
found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre, they heard from the 
Angel: Why seek ye among the dead, as he were mortal, him who 
abideth in everlasting light? Behold the grave-clothes. Go quickly, 
and proclaim to the world that the Lord is risen, and hath slain Death. 
For he is the Son of God who saveth mankind. 

Canticle IV. 

Theme-Song (IrmSs). May Habakkuk, divinely speaking, now stand 
with us in watch divine, and show the radiant Angel crying clearly : 



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EASTER 229 

To-day is salvation come into the world : For Christ is risen, in that he 
is almighty. 

Refrain^ Christ is risen from the dead ! 

Hymn (Trvpdr). Christ revealed himself as of the male sex when he 
opened the Virgin's womb, and as mortal was called the Lamb. With- 
out blemish, also, is our Passover, in that he tasted not corruption ; and 
as very God perfect was proclaimed Ifc 

Hymn. Christ, the blessed Crown, like unto a yearling Lamb, of his 
own good will did sacrifice himself for all, a Passover of purification : 
and from the grave did he, the glorious Sun of Righteousness, shine 
forth again upon us. I£ 

Hymn. David, the ancestor of our God, danced with leaping before 
the symbolical Ark of the Covenant Let us also, the holy people of 
God, beholding the fulfilment of the symbol, rejoice in godly wise: For 
Christ is risen, in that he is almighty. IJ> 

Then the Chairs sing the Theme-Sang: May Habakkuk . . . and; Christ is 
risen . . . trampling down Death . . . (Thrtce.) 

The Little Litany {see page 227). 
Exclamation* 

Priest. For thou art a gracious God, and lovest mankind, and unto 
thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Canticle V. 

Theme-Song (IrmSs). Right early let us wake, and unto the Lord 
bring a song instead of myrrh, and we shall behold Christ, the Sun of 
Righteousness, who lighteth the life of all mankind. 

Refrain. Christ is risen from the dead! 

Hymn (Tropdr). When they who were led captive in the bonds of 
Hell beheld thy loving-kindness infinite, O Christ, they hastened to the 
light with joyful feet, exalting the Passover Everlasting, ft 

Hymn. Bearing lights, let us go forth to meet Christ, who cometh 
forth from the grave like a bridegroom. And with the hierarchy of 
Angels who love and praise, let us celebrate the ransoming Passover 
of God. # 

Then the Choir repeat the Theme-Song; Right early let us wake . . . and; Christ 
is risen . . . trampling down Death . . . {Thrice.) 

The Little Litany {seepage 227). 

Exclamation. 

Priest For sanctified and glorified be thine honourable and majestic 
Name, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



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230 EASTER 

Canticle VL 

Theme-Song (IrmSs), Thou didst descend into the nethermost parts 
of the earth, O Christ, and didst shatter the bonds eternal which held 
the prisoners in captivity : and after three days thou didst rise again 
from the grave, like Jonah from the whale. 

Refrain. Christ is risen from the dead I 

Hymn (Trofrdr). O Christ, who didst not break the Virgin's gate by 
thy birth, thou didst rise again from the dead, having kept intact the 
seals ; and thou hast opened unto us the gates of Paradise. Ifc 

Hymn. O my Saviour, the sacrifice living and unslain, which, inas- 
much as thou art God could not be slain ! When thou, of thine own will, 
hadst offered up thyself unto the Father, thou didst raise up with thee 
also, in that thou thyself didst rise from the grave, Adam, the father of 
our race, ft 

Then the Choirs sing the Theme-Song ; Thou didst descend . . . and; Christ is 
risen . . . trampling down Death . . . (Thrice.) 

The Little Litany (seepage 227). 
Exclamation, 

Priest. For thou art the King of Peace and the Saviour of our souls, 
and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and 
to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

The Collect-Hymn (Kond&k). 

Though thou didst descend into the grave, O Deathless One, yet 
didst thou annihilate the power of Hell, and didst rise again as con- 
queror, O Christ our God, announcing unto the Myrrh-bearing Women : 
Rejoice ! and giving peace unto thine Apostles, and bestowing Resur- 
rection upon the fallen. 

The Ikos. 

The Myrrh-bearing Women forestalled the dawn, ere the rising of the 
sun, seeking, as it were day, the Sun which had once set in the tomb, 
and crying one to another : O friends ! Come, let us anoint with sweet- 
smelling spices the life-bringing and buried body of him who raiseth 
again in the flesh fallen Adam, which lieth in the grave. Let us go, let 
us seek, like the Wise Men, and let us fall down in worship before him, 
and bring unto him an offering of myrrh; not unto him in swaddling- 
clothes, but in his winding-sheet And let us weep and cry aloud : Arise, 
O Master, who givest Resurrection unto the fallen ! 

In that we have beheld the Resurrection of Christ, let us bow down 
before the holy Lord Jesus, the only sinless One. Thy Cross do we 
adore, O -Christ, and thy holy Resurrection we laud and glorify : for 
thou art our God, and we know none other beside thee, we call upon 
thy Name. O come, all ye faithful, let us adore Christ's holy Resur- 



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EASTER 231 

rection : for lo, through his Cross is joy come into all the world. Ever 
blessing the Lord, let us sing his Resurrection : for in that he endured 
the Cross, he hath destroyed Death by death. 

Hymn. Jesus having risen from the grave, as he foretold, hath given 
unto us life eternal, and great mercy. {Thrice.) 

Canticle VII 

Theme-Song (IrmSs). He who delivered the Holy Children from the 
fiery furnace, when he was made man did suffer like unto a mortal ; 
and through his Passion he doth clothe the mortal in the dignity of 
immortality, he, the only God of our fathers, blessed and exceedingly 
glorified. 

Refrain. Christ is risen from the dead ! 

Hymn (Tropdr). The godly-wise women followed after thee in haste 
with sweet-smelling spices. But him whom they sought with tears as 
dead, they joyfully adored as the living God, and announced unto thy 
disciples, O Christ, the glad tidings of the mystical Passover. & 

Hymn. We celebrate the death of Death, the annihilation of Hell, 
the beginning of a life new and everlasting. And in ecstasy we sing 
praises unto the author thereof, the only God of our fathers, blessed 
and exceeding glorious. IJ 

Hymn. For holy, in. very truth, and worthy of all solemn triumph, is 
this redeeming and radiantly effulgent night, the harbinger of the 
bright-beaming Day of the Resurrection, on which the Light Eternal 
that hath no bounds shone forth in the flesh from the grav$ for all 
mankind 

Then the Choir sing the Theme-Song: He who delivered the Holy Children . . . 
and : Christ is risen . . . trampling down Death . . . (Thrice.) 

The Little Litany {see page 227). 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For blessed and all-glorified be the majesty of thy kingdom, 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Canticle VIII. 

Theme-Song (IrmSs). This is the chosen and holy Day, like unto 
no other, the King and Lord of Sabbaths, the Feast of Feasts, 
and the Triumph of Triumphs : Wherein let us bless Christ forever- 
more! 

Refrain. Christ is risen from the dead ! 

Hymn {Tropdr). O come, on this auspicious day of the Resur- 
rection, let us partake of the fruit from the new vine of divine 
gladness of the kingdom of Christ, in song magnifying him as God 
forevermore. Jfr: 



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232 EASTER 

Hymn. Cast thine eyes about thee, O Zion, and behold ! For lo ! from 
the West and from the North, and from the Sea and from the East, 
as to a light by God illumined, have thy children assembled unto thee, 
blessing Christ forevermore. 

Refrain. O most Holy Trinity, our God, glory to thee ! 

Hymn. O Father Almighty, the Word and the Spirit, one Essence 
in Three Persons, exceeding high and most divine ! Into thee have we 
been baptized, and thee will we bless unto all the ages. 

Then the Thente-Song : This is the chosen and holy Day, . . . and; Christ is risen 
. . . trampling down Death . . . (Thrice?) 

The Little Litany (see page 227). 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For blessed be thy Name, and glorified be thy Kingdom, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Canticle IX. 

Refrain 1. My soul doth magnify the Life-giver, who rose again from 
the grave on the third day, 

Theme-Song (Irmds). Shine, shine, O New Jerusalem ! for the glory 
of the Lord is risen upon thee. Keep high holiday now and be glad, 
Zion I And rejoice thou, O pure Birth-giver of God, in the rising again 
of him whom thou didst bear ! 

Refrain 2. My soul doth magnify him who, of his own good will, 
suffered and was buried, and rose again on the third day. 

Choir. Shine, shine, . . . # 

Refrain 3. Christ the New Passover, the living Sacrifice, the Lamb 
of God, taketh away the sins of the world. 

Hymn ( Tropdr). O how divine ! O how loving-kind ! O how most 
sweet is thy word, O Christ ! For thou hast faithfully promised to be 
with us, even unto the end of the world. Having, therefore, this firm 
foundation of hope, we faithful do rejoice. {Twice.) 

And if it be also the Feast of the Annunciation, then the Verses for thai 
Feast shall be sung with the Verses for Easter. 

Refrain 4. The Angel cried unto her who is full of grace: Hail, 
O Pure Virgin! And again, I say: Hail! Thy Son is risen from his 
three days' sojourn in the grave, and hath raised up the dead : Rejoice, 
O ye people ! 

Refrain 5. In that thou thyself didst sleep in death, thou hast raised 
up again the dead of all the ages, roaring royally, like unto the Lion of 
Judah. 

Refrain 6. Mary Magdalen ran to the sepulchre, and when she 
beheld Christ, she questioned him, as he had been the gardener. 



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EASTER 233 

Hymn {Tropdr). O Christ, the Passover great and most holy! O 
Wisdom, Word and Power of God ! Grant that we may more perfectly 
partake of thee in the day which knoweth no night of thy kingdom. 

Refrain. The Angel, daz2ling the Women, cried : Desist from tears, 
for Christ is risen. 

Refrain. Christ is risen, trampling down Death and raising again 
the dead : Rejoice, O ye people! 

Refrain. To-day doth every creature rejoice and shout for joy. For 
Christ is risen, and Hell is led in captivity. 

Refrain. Today hath the Lord led Hell in captivity, raising up the 
prisoners which from eternity it had held in bitter bondage. 

Refrain. My soul doth magnify the majesty of the Godhead, of 
Three Persons and undivided* 

Refrain. Rejoice, O Virgin! Rejoice, O Blessed One! Rejoice, O 
greatly glorified One ! For thy Son is risen from his three days' sojourn 
in the grave. 

Then the Choirs repeat the first Refrain, and the Theme-Song : Shine, shine t O 
New Jerusalem! . . . and: Christ is risen . . . trampling down Death . . . 
(Thrice.) 

The Little Litany (seepage 26). 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For all the Powers of heaven magnify thee, the Father, the 
Son, and the Holy Spirit, and ascribe unto thee glory, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Exapostildrion. 

After that thou hadst fallen asleep, as thou wert mortal, O King and 
Lord, thou didst rise again on the third day, and didst raise up Adam 
from corruption, and abolish Death : O Passover of incorruption ! O 
Salvation of the world ! {Thrice.) 

Let everything that hath breath praise the Lord. O praise the Lord 
of heaven : praise him in the height. To thee, O God, is due our song. 
{Tone I.) 

Verse (Stikh) : Praise him in his noble acts : praise him according to 
his excellent greatness. 

We sing thy redeeming Passion, O Christ, and glorify thy Resurrec- 
tion. 

Verse : Praise him in the sound of the trumpet : praise him upon the 
lute and harp. 

Hymn {Tropdr). O thou who didst endure the Cross, and abolish 
Death, and didst rise again from the dead, give peace to our life, O Lord : 
For thou alone art almighty. 

Verse: Praise him in the cymbals and dances, praise him upon the 
strings and lute. 

Hymn {Tropdr). O thou who didst despoil Hell, and raise man again 



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234 EASTER 

from the dead by thy Resurrection, O Christ, grant that with a pure 
heart we may hymn and glorify thee. 

Verse : O praise him upon the well-tuned cymbals : praise him upon 
the loud cymbals. 

Hymn. Lauding thy condescension divine, we sing thy praises, 
O Christ ! For thou wast born of a Virgin, yet didst thou remain 
unseparated from the Father. Thou didst suffer as a man, and of thine 
own good pleasure didst thou endure the Cross ; and thou didst rise 
again from the tomb, as thou hadst come forth from a lordly chamber, 
that thou mightest save the world : O Lord, glory to thee ! 

The Easter Canticles (Stikhirt), in Tone V. 

Verse {Stikh) : Let God arise, and let his enemies be scattered. 

Hymn ( Tropdr). To-day is the holy Passover revealed unto us : the 
Passover new and holy : the Passover mystical, the Passover all-august, 
Christ, the Passover and the Atonement The spotless Passover, the 
great Passover, the Passover of the faithful, the Passover which openeth 
unto us the gates of Paradise ; the Passover which sanctifieth all the 
faithful. 

Verse : Like as the smoke vanisheth, so shalt thou drive them away. 

Hymn. O come from the vision, ye Women, heralds of good tidings, 
and say ye unto Zion : Receive from us the glad tidings of joy of 
the Resurrection of Christ. Adorn thyself! Leap for joy and rejoice, 
O Jerusalem, in that thou beholdest Christ the King, like a Bridegroom 
come forth from the grave. 

Verse : Let the ungodly perish at the presence of God. But let the 
righteous rejoice. 

Hymn. When the Myrrh-bearing Women stood, very early in the 
morning, before the sepulchre of the Life-giver, they found an Angel 
sitting upon the stone. And he proclaimed unto them, saying : Why 
seek ye the living among the dead ? Why mourn ye the Incorruptible 
amid corruption ? Go, proclaim the glad tidings to his disciples. 

Verse: This is the day which the Lord hath made: we will rejoice 
and be glad in it. 

Hymn. The Passover joyful, the Passover, the Passover of the Lord, 
the Passover all-majestic hath shone forth upon us I The Passover! 
With joy let us embrace one another! O Passover, release from sor- 
row ! For to-day from the tomb, as from a chamber of repose, hath 
Christ shone forth, and hath filled the Women with joy, saying : Pro- 
claim the glad tidings to the Apostles. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn. The Day of Resurrection! Let us be illumined with the 
solemn Feast! Let us embrace one another. Let us say: Brethren ! 
And because of the Resurrection let us forgive all things to those who 
hate us, and in this wise exclaim : 



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EASTER 235 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, and 
upon those in the tomb bestowing life. {Thrice.) 

And this is sung many times, while the People exchange the Easter kiss. The 
manner of the Clergy's saluting one another within the holy Sanctuary is as 
followetk : He who cotneth to kiss the Senior Priest saith: Christ is risen ! 
And he receiveth the reply : He is risen indeed ! Then the Senior Priest, taking 
the holy cross, standetn outside, in front of the Holy Door. A nd all the Priests, 
whatever may be their number, and the beacons, each holding one of the Holy 
Things (the book of the Holy Gospels, and the holy pictures (ikdni), according 
to their several ranks\ take their places in line, on the right hand of the Senior 
Priest. The People then approach, one by one ; and bowing sltghtly to the 
Priest, they kiss the holy cross, the Gospels and the holy pictures which the 
Clergy hold. Then they kiss the Priest himself saying: Christ is risen ! And 
he replieth : He is risen indeed ! And in the same manner they kiss the other 
Clergy, and one another. 

And after the salutation is finished, the Senior Priest readeth the Catechetical 
Address of St. John Chrysostom. And the People shall not sit while it is being 
read, but shall listen to it standing. 

If any man be devout and loveth God, let him enjoy this fair and 
radiant triumphal feast. If any man be a wise servant, let him rejoicing 
enter into the joy of his Lord. If any have laboured long in fasting, let 
him now receive his recompense. If any have wrought from the first 
hour, let him to-day receive his just reward. If any have arrived at 
the sixth hour, let him have no misgivings ; because he shall in nowise 
suffer therefor. If any have delayed until the ninth hour, let him draw 
near, fearing nothing. If any have tarried even until the eleventh hour 
let him, also, be not alarmed at his tardiness ; for the Lord, who is 
jealous of his honour, will accept the last even as the first ; he giveth 
rest unto him who cometh at the eleventh hour, even as unto him who 
hath wrought from the first hour. And he showeth mercy upon the 
last, and careth for the first ; and to the one he giveth, and upon the 
other he bestoweth gifts. And he both accepteth the deeds, and wel- 
coraeth the intention, and honoureth the acts and praiseth the offering. 
Wherefore, enter ye all into the joy of your Lord ; and receive ye your 
reward, both the first, and likewise the second. Ye rich and poor 
together, hold ye high festival. Ye sober and ye heedless, honour ye 
the day. Rejoice tenday, both ye who have fasted and ye who have 
disregarded the fast. The table is full-laden ; feast ye all sumptuously. 
The calf is ample ; let no one go hungry away. Enjoy ye all the feast 
of faith : Receive ye all the riches of loving-kindness. Let no one be- 
wail his poverty, for the universal kingdom hath been revealed. Let no 
one weep for his iniquities, for pardon hath shone forth from the grave. 
Let no one fear death, for the Saviour's death hath set us free. Inas- 
much as he was held captive of it, he hath annihilated it. By descend- 
ing into Hell, he made Hell captive. He angered it when it tasted of his 
flesh. And Isaiah, foretelling this, did cry : Hell, said he, was angered, 
when it encountered thee in the lower regions. It was angered, for it 



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EASTER 



was abolished. It was angered, for it was mocked. It was angered, for 
it was slain. It was angered, for it was fettered in chains. It took a 
body, and met God face to face. It took earth, and encountered Hea- 
ven. It took that which was visible, and fell upon the invisible. 
Death, where is thy sting ? O Hell, where is thy victory ? Christ is 
risen, and thou art overthrown. Christ is risen, and the demons are 
fallen. Christ is risen, and the Angels rejoice. Christ is risen, and life 
reigneth. Christ is risen, and not one dead remaineth in the grave. 
For Christ, being risen from the dead, is become the first-fruits of those 
who have fallen asleep. To him be glory and dominion unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

Then is sung the Hymn of St. John Chrysostom. 

The grace of thy lips, shining forth like a beacon-fire, . . . (See the 
Liturgy, page 125.) 

Then the Deacon saith the Augmented Litany. 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, . . . (Set 
Matins, page 35) and : Let us complete our morning prayer unto the 
Lord. . . . (See Matins, page 36.) 

And after the Exclamation, the Deacon saith : 

Wisdom ! 
Choir. Bless! 

Priest Blessed is Christ our God always, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 
Preserve, O Lord, our most God-fearing . . . (See page 37.) 

Then the Priest, holding the cross, chanteth ; 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death. 
The People. And upon those in the tomb bestowing life 

And straightway the Priest pronounceth the Benediction. 

May Christ who is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by 
death, and upon those in the tomb bestowing life, our true God, through 
the prayers of his most pure Mother, and of all the Saints, have mercy 
upon us and bless us, forasmuch as he is good and loveth mankind. 

Then elevating the cross \ he saith: Christ is risen! (Thrice.) And the People 
reply; He is risen indeed ! (Thrice.) 

Then the closing Hymn is sung. 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, and 
upon those in the tomb bestowing life. And unto us hath he given life 
eternaL Wherefore, let us adore his Resurrection on the third day. 

And the Many Years. 



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EASTER 237 

THE HOURS AT EASTER. 

During Easter week, until Saturday, the Hours are read in the following 
order : 

Priest Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen, 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, and 
upon those in the tomb bestowing life. {Thrice.) 

The Choir also singeth the Hymn; Christ is risen . . . (Thrice.) 

In that we have beheld the Resurrection of Christ, let us bow down 
before our holy Lord Jesus, the only sinless One. Thy Cross do we adore, 
O Christ, and thy holy Resurrection we laud and glorify. For thou art 
our God, and we know none other beside thee, we call upon thy Name. 
O come, all ye faithful, let us adore Christ's holy Resurrection : for lo, 
through the Cross is joy come into all the world Ever blessing the 
Lord, let us sing his Resurrection. For in that he endured the Cross, 
he hath destroyed Death by death. {Thrice.) 

jpahdu 

When they who came with the Marys came, forestalling the dawn, and 
found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre, they heard from the 
Angel : Why seek ye among the dead, as he were mortal, him who 
abideth in everlasting light? Behold tl^e grave-clothes. Go quickly, 
and proclaim to the world that the Lord is risen, and hath slain Death. 
For he is the Son of God who saveth mankind. 

Collect-Hymn (Konddk). 

Though thou didst descend into the grave, O Deathless One, yet 
didst thou annihilate the power of Hell, and didst rise again as con- 
queror, O Christ our God, announcing unto the Myrrh-bearing Women : 
Rejoice ! and giving grace unto thine Apostles, and bestowing Resur- 
rection upon the fallen. 

And the Hymns (Tropari). 

In the Grave with the body, but in Hell with the soul, in that thou art 
God ; in Paradise with the thief, and on the throne with the Father and 
the Spirit, wast thou, O Christ, filling all things, in that thou art infinite- 
Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 
As life-bearing, as of a truth than Paradise more fair, and than every 
royal palace more bright hath been revealed thy tomb, the source of our 
Resurrection, O Christ. 
Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-Giver of God (Bogorbditchen). 

Hail, O thou hallowed, divine abode of the Most High ! For through 
thee, O Birth-giver of God, was joy given unto those who cry aloud to 
thee : Blessed art thou among women, O Lady all-undefiled ! 



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238 EASTER 

Lord, have mercy. {Forty times.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more 
glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God 
the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

In the Name of the Lord bless, Father. 

Priest. Verse (Stihh): Through the prayers of our holy fathers, 
Lord Jesus Christ our God, have mercy upon us. 

Choir. Amen. 

Christ is risen . . . and upon those in the tomb . . . ( Thrice.) 

Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . Lord, have mercy. (Thrice.) Bless. 

And the Benediction. 

May Christ who is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by 
death, and upon those in the tomb bestowing life, our true God, through 
the prayers of his most pure Mother, and of all the Saints, have mercy 
upon us, and bless us, forasmuch'as he is good and loveth mankind. 

And in like manner the Thirds the Sixths and the Ninth Hours are read ; also 
Compline. 

Then the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom is celebrated. 

After; Blessed is the kingdom . . . the Priest and Deacon chant (thrice) : Christ 
is risen . . . trampling down Death . . . The Choir repeateth this thrice. 

The Priest. The Verses: Let God arise . . . and the rest. 

The Choir. Christ is risen . . . trampling down Death . . . (See the beginning of 
the Easter Matins?) 

Meanwhile the Priest, with the triple candlestick in Ms hand, censeth the Altar 
and the Temple. 

In place of: Bless the Lord, O my soul . . . the Antiphons are sung in full. 

Antiphon /., Tone II. 

Verse I : O be joyful in the Lord, all ye lands. 

Refrain. Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Saviour, 
save us. 

Verse 2 : O be joyful in the Lord, all ye lands ; sing praises unto 
his Name ; make his praise to be glorious. IJs 

Verse 3 : Say unto God : How wonderful art thou in thy works : 
through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies be found liars 
unto thee. IJs 

Verse 4 : For all the world shall worship thee, sing of thee, and praise 
thy Name. Ifc 

Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . IJ 

Antiphon II., Tone II. 

Verse 1 : O God, be merciful unto us, and bless us. 
Refrain O Son of God, who rose again from the dead on the third 
day, save us who sing unto thee, Alleluia. 



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EASTER 239 

Verse 2 : That thy way may be known upon earth : thy saving health 
among all nations. 5 

Verse 3 : Let the people praise thee, O God : yea, let all the people 
praise thee. # 

Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . # 

Antiphon II L, Tone V. 

Verse 1 : Let God arise, and let his enemies be scattered : let them 
also that hate him flee before him. X 

Refrain. Christ is risen . . . and upon those in the tomb . . . 

Verse 2 : Like as smoke vanisheth, so shalt thou drive them away, 
and like as wax melteth at the fire, so let them perish. IJ 

Verse 3 : Even so let the ungodly perish at the presence of God. 
But let the righteous rejoice and be glad, yea, let them rejoice before 
God. I* 

The Introit. Bless the Lord in his temples, the Lord from the 
sources of Israel. 

In place of; O Holy God, Holy Mighty, - . . is used; As many as have been 
baptized into Christ have pat on Christ. 

The Gradual (Prvifmen), in the Eighth Tone. This is the day which 
the Lord hath made: we will rejoice and be glad in it. 

Verse : Praise ye the Lord, for he is gracious : for his mercy endur- 
eth forever. 

The Lesson from the Apostle; Acts i. 1-12. 

Alleluia. {Tone IV) Thou, O Lord, art risen, and hast been bounti- 
ful to Zion. 

Verse: The Lord looked down from heaven upon the earth. 

The Gospel is ; John i. 1-19 : which setteth forth the divinity of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. And, as our Lord gave command that his Gospel should be preached 
throughout the world, to every creature, it is customary, on Easter Day, to read 
it in as many languages as possible ; especially in Hebrew, Greek and Latin, 
the tongues in which was written the superscription on the cross. 

In place of : Meet is it : . . . The Angel cried: (See Refrain ^pagezy£)\ and 
the Theme-Song of the Ninth Canticle; Shine, shine, O New Jerusalem! . . .; 
The Communion Hymn ; Receive ye the Body of Christ ; taste ye of the Foun- 
tain of Life. 

After the Exclamations ; In the fear of God . . . ; O God, save thy people . . . ; 
Always, now, and ever, . . . ; and in place of; Blessed be the Name of the 
Lord: is sung the Hymn ; Christ is risen . . . 

In place of; Glory to thee, O Christ our God, . . . is sung; Christ is risen from 
the dead, trampling down Death by death. Choir. And upon those in the 
tomb bestowing life. 

The Benediction is the same as at the end of Matins. 



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240 EASTER 

After the Prayer before the Tribune, at the end of the Divine Liturgy, the Artos 
is brought to the Priest in the Sanctuary. The Artos, or universal altar-bread* 
beareth the image of the cross, and, sometimes, a representation of Christ s 
Resurrection. As the Paschal Lamb, by God^s command, commemorated in the 
Old Testament the deliverance of his people from bondage to Pharaoh, and, 
also, the Lamb which taketh away the sins of the world; so, in commemoration 
of the Resurrection in the New Testament of the Lord yesus Christ, whereby 
we are freed from eternal bondage to the enemy, the Artos is offered, symbolis- 
ing the angelic bread, the Bread of Eternal Life, which came down from 
heaven ; even our Lord Jesus ChrtsL During the whole of Easter week the 
Artos lieth on the Altar, or on the lectern, wzth the holy picture (ikdna) of the 
Lord's Resurrection. On Saturday, after the Liturgy, the Artos is broken up 
and distributed. 

The Prayer at the Blessing of the Artos. 

O God Omnipotent and Lord Almighty, who by thy servant Moses, at 
the exodus of Israel from Egypt, and the liberation of thy people from 
the bitter bondage of Pharaoh, didst command that a Lamb be slain, 
foreshadowing the Lamb which, because of our deeds, of his own good 
will, was slain on the cross, and taketh away the sins of the whole 
world, thy beloved Son, our Lord Jesus Christ : Do thou now, also, we 
humbly entreat thee, look upon this bread, and bless and sanctify it 
For we thy servants, in honour, and glory, and commemoration of the 
glorious Resurrection of the same, thy Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, 
through whom, also, we have received freedom and release from the 
eternal works of the enemy and the unalterable bonds of Hell, now 
before thy majesty, on this exceeding bright, and all-glorious, and sav- 
ing day of Easter, do offer this. Vouchsafe that we who offer it, and 
those who shall kiss it and shall taste of it, may be partakers of thy 
heavenly benediction ; and by thy might root out from us all sickness 
and infirmity, granting health unto all. For thou art the source of 
blessing, and the bestower of health, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, 
to the Father who is from everlasting, together with thine Only- 
begotten Son, and thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And immediately the Priest sprinkle th the Artos with holy water, saying; 

This Artos is blessed and hallowed by the sprinkling of this holy 
water, in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Spirit. Amen. {Thrice.) 

Then he cometh forth, and layeth it on the folding stand; and the People, as they 
receive the Antiddron, kiss the Artos. 

The Prayer at the Breaking of the Artos on Saturday of the Bright 

Week. 

After the Divine Liturgy, when, in front of the stand upon which the Artos lieth, 
Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, and upon those 
in the tomb bestowing life: hath been sung thrice; and after: Our Father, 
who art in heaven : hath been read, with a reverence, the Deacon saith ; 



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EASTER 241 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

The Brethren. Lord, have mercy. 

Then the Priest saith this Prayer over the Artos ; 

O Lord Jesus Christ, our God, the Angelic Bread, the Bread of life 
eternal, who came down from heaven, and hast fed us on these most- 
bright days with the spiritual food of thy divine benefits, for the sake 
of thy three days' burial and redeeming Resurrection : Look now also, 
we humbly entreat thee, upon our prayers and thanksgivings ; and as 
thou didst bless the five loaves in the wilderness, so now also do thou 
bless this bread, that all who shall partake of it may be vouchsafed 
bodily and spiritual blessing, through the grace and bounties of thy 
love toward mankind. For thou art our sanctification, and unto thee 
do we ascribe glory, together with thy Father who is from everlasting, 
and thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

The Brethren, Amen. 

And having broken the Artos in the usual manner, he distributeth it to all, 
before their meal. He may also break it during the Liturgy, after the Prayer 
before the Tribune, and distribute it to the faithful, instead of the Antiddron. 

The Prayer at the Blessing of Flesh-Meat in the Holy and Great Week 
of Easter. 

Priest Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down Death by death, and 
upon those in the tomb bestowing life. {Thrice.) 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

Lord, have mercy. 

Look down, O Lord Jesus Christ our God, upon these flesh-meats, and 
sanctify them, as thou didst sanctify the ram which faithful Abraham 
offered unto thee, and the lamb which Abel brought unto thee as a holo- 
caust ; likewise the fatted calf which thou didst command to be slain for 
thy son who had gone astray, and had returned again to thee ; that 
even as he was accounted worthy to enjoy thy good things, so may we, 
also, enjoy these things which are sanctified and blessed by thee, to 
the nourishment of us all. For thou art our true nourishment, and the 
Giver of all good things, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

The Prayer at the Blessing of Cheese and Eggs. 

O Master, Lord our God, the Creator and Maker of all things : Bless 
thou this curdled milk, and likewise these eggs ; and preserve us in thy 
loving-kindness. That as we partake of them, even so, also, we may be 
filled with thy gifts, which ungrudgingly thou bestowest, and with thine 



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242 EASTER 

unspeakable goodness. For thine are the kingdom and the power and 
the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Special Features of the Easter Vespers. 
The Vesper service is celebrated in full vestments. 

At the beginnings the Verses (as at the beginning of Matins), accompanied by 
censing. 

Entrance with the book of the Holy Gospels. 

The Grand Gradual (Prokimcn) : What God is so great as our God ; thou art the 
God which doest wonders. 

After the Gradual the Gospel : John xx. 19-26. 

After the Litany \ the Easter Verses; Let God arise, . . . (See Matins, page 226.) 



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THE ASCENSION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST 
(the fortieth day after easter) 

The Stanza (Stikhira) for: Lord, I have cried : In Tone VL The 
Lord hath ascended into heaven, that he may send the Comforter unto 
the world. The heavens have prepared his throne, the clouds his 
ascension. The Angels marvel, beholding a man exalted over them. 
The Father awaiteth him whom, as coeternal, he hath in his bosom ; 
and the Holy Spirit commandeth all his Angels : Lift up your gates, 
ye Princes ; clap your hands, all ye people, for Christ is ascended up 
to the place where he was before. (Twice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Tone VL O sweetest Jesus, who, without leaving the bosom of the 
Father, hast, as a man, dwelt among the earth-bom, to-day art thou 
ascended in glory from the Mount of Olives, and graciously hast borne 
on high our fallen nature, and hast sat down with the Father. For 
which cause the Bodiless Powers of heaven, amazed at the marvel, were 
affrighted with dread, and seized with trembling, they magnified thy 
love toward mankind. With them also, we earth-born, glorifying thy 
condescension toward us, and thine Ascension from us, pray, saying : 
Do thou, who, at thine Ascension, didst fill with joy unutterable thy 
disciples and the Birth-giver of God who bare thee, vouchsafe unto us, 
thine elect, joy also, through their prayers, because of thy great mercy. 

The Gradual (Prokimen) for the Day. 

The Parables (Paremii). Isaiah iL 2-3, lxii. 10-12, Ixiii. 1-3, 7-10; 
Zech. xiv. 1, 4, 8-1 1. 

The Stanza for the Litiyd, in Tone I. Being ascended up into hea- 
ven, whence also thou hadst come down, leave us not comfortless, O 
Lord. But let thy Spirit come, bearing peace unto the world, and show 
the works of thy might upon the sons of men, O Lord who lovest 
mankind. 

The Hymn for the Day {Tropdr\ in Tone I Thou art ascended up 
into glory, O Christ our God, having made joyful thy disciples by the 
promise of thy Holy Spirit, the blessing which was announced unto 
them. For thou art the Son of God, the Redeemer of the world. 

The Collect-Hymn (Konddk). When thou hadst accomplished thy 
dispensation to usward, and hadst united things earthly with things 
heavenly, thou didst ascend into glory, O Christ our God, yet in no 
wise departing but abiding uninterruptedly with us, and crying unto 
those who love thee : I am with you, and none shall prevail against you. 



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244 THE ASCENSION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST 

The Exaltation {Velitchdnie). We magnify thee, O life-giving 
Christ, and do homage to thy divine Ascension into heaven in thy 
holy flesh. 

The Gradual (Pro&lmen), in the Fourth Tone. God is gone up with a 
merry noise, and the Lord with the sound of the trump. 

Verse (Stiih) : O clap your hands together, all ye people : cry aloud 
unto God with the voice of gladness. 

The Gospel Mark xvL 9-20. 

THE CANON. 

The First Canon. In Tone K (St. John of Damascus.) 

Theme-Songs (fmtost). I. Unto God the Saviour, who led his people 
through the sea with toot unwet, and drowned Pharaoh with all his 
host, — unto him alone will we sing : For he hath glorified himself. 

III. By the might of thy Cross, O Christ, establish thou my mind, 
that I may sing and glorify thy redeeming Ascension. 

IV. I heard the fame of the might of thy Cross, how that through 
it Paradise was opened ; and I cried : Glory to thy might, O Lord ! 

V. In the morning, waking early, we cry aloud unto thee, O Lord, 
Save us ! For thou art our God : we know none other beside thee. 

VI. The abyss compassed me round about, the whale became unto 
me a tomb : but I cried unto thee who lovest mankind, and thy right 
hand saved me, O Lord. 

VII. Blessed is the God of our fathers, who saved the Youths which 
sang in the fiery furnace. 

VIII. The Son of God, who was born of the Father before the ages, 
and in these latter days became incarnate of a Virgin-Mother, sing, 
ye Priests; and ye people, magnify him unto all the ages. 

In place of; My soul doth magnify the Lord : the Refrains ; 

Magnify, O my soul, the Life-giver, who hath ascended up from earth 
into heaven. 

The Angels, when they beheld the Ascension of the Lord, were 
amazed with awe to see now that he, with glory, was taken up from 
earth on high. 

IX. Thee, who above understanding and speech didst become the 
Mother of God, and ineffably didst bring forth in time him who know- 
eth not time, we faithful, with one accord, do magnify. 

The Benediction. May he who is ascended up in glory from us into 
heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God, Christ our true God : and the 
rest {See page 122.) 

At the Liturgy. 
Antiphon /., Tone II. 

Verse 1 : O clap your hands together, all ye people : cry aloud unto 
God with the voice of gladness. 



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THE ASCENSION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST 245 

Refrain. Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Saviour, 
save us. 

Verse 2 : For the Lord is high and to be feared : he is the great King 
upon all the earth. ft 

Verse 3 : He shall subdue the people under us, and the nations under 
our feet. ft 

Verse 4 : God is gone up with a merry noise, and the Lord with the 
sound of the trump. ft 

AnHphon 11^ Tone II. 

Verse 1 : Great is the Lord, and highly to be praised, in the city of 
our God, even upon his holy hilL 

Refrain. Save, O Son of God who art ascended up in glory, those 
who sing unto thee : Alleluia. 

Verse 2 : Upon the north side of the hill of Zion fieth the city of the 
great King. ft 

Verse 3 : God is well known in her palaces as a sure refuge. ft 

Verse 4 : For lo, the kings of the earth are gathered and gone by 
together. ft 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Only-begotten Son and Word of God ! . . . {See page 170.) 

AnHphon III., Tone IV. 

Verse 1 : O hear ye this, all ye people ; ponder it with your ears, all 
ye that dwell in the world. 

Refrain: The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr). Thou art ascended up 
into glory, O Christ our God, having made joyful thy disciples by the 
promise of thy Holy Spirit, the blessing which was announced unto 
them. For thou art the Son of God, the Redeemer of the world. 

Verse 2 : My mouth shall speak of wisdom, and my heart shall muse 
of understanding. ft 

Verse 3 : I will incline mine ear to the parable, and show my dark 
speech upon the harp, ft 

The Introit. God is gone up with a merry noise, and the Lord with 
the sound of the trump, ft 

The Gradual (Proiimen), in the Seventh Tone. Be thou exalted in 
heaven, O God, and thy glory above all the earth. 

Verse {Stikh): My heart is fixed, O God, my heart is fixed; I will 
sing and give thanks. 

The Epistle. Acts i. 1-11. 

The Gospel. Luke xxiv. 36-53. 

In place of; Meet is it: The Ninth Theme-Song of the Canon: Thee, who above 
understanding . . . (Seepage 244.) 

The Communion Hymn. God is gone up with a merry noise, and the 
Lord with the sound of the trump. 



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PENTECOST (WHITSUNDAY) 

The date of Pentecost is regulated by the date of Easter* But that Sunday is 
called The Day of the Holy Trinity. The Feast of the Holy Spirit (in that He is 
separate, yet equal in essence, honour and glory with the Father and the Son) 
is celebrated on the following day \ Monday, and is called the Day of the Spirit. 

It is customary to decorate churches and houses at this Feast with freshly cut 
trees and flowers, and to stand at the Divine Liturgy holding flowers. This 
custom is founded upon that of the Old Testament Church {Lev. xxiii. 20-Tj; 
Num.xxviU. i6y The trees and flowers, the tokens of the renewed of Nature in 
the Springs typify also the renewal of mankind through the indwelling of the 
Holy Spirit, 

The special features in the celebration of this Feast consist of certain petitions m 
the Litany ; and of Prayers recited kneeling at Vespers, which, as a rule, 
immediately followeth the Liturgy, 

At the All-Night Vigil. 

The Stanza (Stikhira) for: Lord, I have cried : In Tone L Let us 
celebrate Pentecost, and the coming of the Spirit, and the appointed 
day of the promise, and the fulfilment of hope, and the mystery which 
is as great as it is precious. Wherefore unto thee, O Lord, the Maker 
of all things, do we cry : Glory to thee. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Come, O ye people, let us worship the Godhead in three Persons, 
the Son in the Father with the Holy Spirit. For the Father before time 
was begat the Son, who is coeternal and is equally enthroned, and 
the Holy Spirit who was in the Father, and was glorified together 
with the Son ; one Might, one Essence, one Godhead. Adoring the 
same let us all say : O Holy God, who by the Son didst make all 
things through the cooperation of the Holy Spirit : O Holy Mighty 
One, through whom we have known the Father, and through whom 
the Holy Spirit came into the world : O Holy Immortal One, the Spirit 
of comfort, who proceedest from the Father, and restest in the Son : 
O Holy Trinity, glory to thee. 

The Gradual (Prokimeri) for the Day. 

The Parables (Paremii). Num. xL 16, 17, 24-29; Joel il 23-32; 
Ezek. xxxvi. 24-28. 

The Stanza at the Litiyd, in Tone VIII. When thou didst send 
thy Spirit, O Lord, while the Apostles sat, then were the Hebrew 
children affrighted with dread as they gazed ; for they heard them 
speak one to another in strange tongues, as the Spirit gave them utter- 
ance. For though unlearned they were made wise, and bringing the 
Gentiles unto the faith, proclaimed things divine. Wherefore, we also 



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PENTECOST 247 

do cry unto thee, O Lord, who hast revealed thyself upon earth, and 
hast saved us from guile : Glory to thee. 

The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr\ in Tone VIII. Blessed art thou, O 
Christ our God, who hast revealed fishers most wise, sending down 
upon them the Holy Spirit, and thereby catching the universe as in a 
net O Christ our God, who lovest mankind, glory to thee. 

The Collect-Hymn {Konddk). When the Most High confounded the 
tongues, he dispersed the nations : but when he distributed the tongues 
of fire, he called all men unto unity. Wherefore, with one accord, we 
glorify the All-holy Spirit 

The Exaltation ( VeliUhdnie). We magnify thee, O life-giving Christ, 
and do homage to thine all-holy Spirit, whom thou didst send from 
the Father upon thy disciples divine. 

The Gradual (Pro&imen), in the Fourth Tone. Thy good spirit shall 
lead me into the land of righteousness. 

Verse (Stiih) : O Lord, hear my prayer, give ear to my petition. 

The Gospel John xx. 19-23. 

THE CANON. 

Tone IV. (St. Cosmos ofMaium.) 

Theme-Songs (Irmosi). I. He who shattereth the enemies with his 
lofty arm overwhelmed with the sea Pharaoh and his chariots : To him 
let us sing, for gloriously hath he been glorified. 

III. Tarry ye in Jerusalem until ye shall be endued with power from 
on high, thou didst say unto thy disciples, O Christ ; for I will send 
another, like unto myself, even the Comforter, ray Spirit and the 
Father's, in whom ye shall be established. 

IV. When he foresaw thy coming in the latter days, O Christ, the 
Prophet exclaimed : I have heard of thy power, O Lord, that thou art 
come to save all thine anointed. 

V. The Spirit of salvation, through thy fear, O Lord, conceived in 
the womb of the Prophets, and born upon earth maketh pure the 
hearts of the Apostles, and in that it is righteous, is renewed in the 
faithful. For thy statutes are light and peace. 

VI. Sailing on the stormy sea of earthly cares, drowning in the bil- 
lows of the sins which compass me round about, and cast forth unto 
the soul-destroying monster, like Jonah I cry unto thee, O Christ : 
Lead thou me forth from the death-dealing abyss. 

VII. When they were cast into the fiery furnace, the God-fearing 
Children transmuted the fire into dew, crying aloud, after this manner, 
in song : Blessed art thou, O Lord God of our Fathers. 

VIII. The bush which could not be consumed, though surrounded 
by fire, on Sinai revealed God unto Moses, slow of tongue and halting 
of speech : and the zeal toward God of the Three Children showed the 
singers untouched of the fire. O all ye works of the Lord bless ye 
the Lord, and magnify him unto all the ages. 



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24« PENTECOST 

IX. O Maiden Birth-giver of God, who in birth-giving suffered not 
defilement, and didst lend flesh unto the All-creating Word ; Mother 
Unwedded, Receptacle of Him who cannot be contained, Abode of thy 
Maker illimitable, we magnify thee. 

Benediction. May he who sent down the Most Holy Spirit, in the 
form of fiery tongues, upon his holy disciples and apostles, Christ, our 
true God : and so forth, as usual. {See page 122.) 

At the Liturgy. 
Antiphon /., Tone II. 

Verse i : The heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament 
showeth his handiwork. 

Refrain. Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Saviour, 
save us. 

Verse 2 : Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night showeth 
knowledge, ft 

Verse 3 : Their voice is gone out into all the earth, and their words 
unto the end of the world, ft 

Antiphon II., Tone II. 

Verse 1 : The Lord hear thee in the day of trouble : the Name of 
the God of Jacob defend thee. 

Refrain. Save, O blessed Comforter, us who sing unto thee, Al- 
leluia. 

Verse 2 : Send thee help from the sanctuary, and strengthen thee 
out of Zion. ft 

Verse 3 : Grant thee thy heart's desire, and fulfil all thy mind, ft 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Only-begotten Son and Word of God ! . . . {Seepage 170.) 

Antiphon III, Tone VIII. 

Verse 1 : The King shall rejoice in thy strength, O Lord : exceeding 
glad shall he be of thy salvation. 

Refrain : The Hymn for the Day { Tropdr). Blessed art thou, O Christ 
our God, who hast revealed fishers most wise, sending down upon them 
thy Holy Spirit, and thereby catching the universe as in a net. Glory to 
thee, O thou who lovest mankind. 

Verse 2 : Thou hast given him his heart's desire, and hast not denied 
him the request of his lips, ft 

Verse 3 : Thou shalt prevent him with the blessings of goodness, and 
shalt set a crown of pure gold upon his head, ft 

The Introit. Exalted be thou, O Lord, in thy power. We will praise 
and sing thy mighty acts, ft 



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PENTECOST 249 

In place of; O Holy God, Holy Mighty, ... As many as have been baptized Into 
Christ nave put on Christ. 

The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Eighth Tone. Their voice is gone 
out into all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. 

Verse: The heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament 
showeth his handiwork. 

The Epistle. Acts ii 1- 1 2. 

Alleluia. {Tone I.) By the word of the Lord were the heavens made, 
and all the host of them by the word of his mouth. 

Verse (Stikh) : The Lord looked down from heaven, and beheld all 
the children of men. 

The Gospel John vii. 37-52, viil 12. 

In place of ; Meet is it : The Ninth Theme-Song of the Second Canon. 
Hail, O Queen, thou glory of motherhood and maidenhood ! For every 
mouth, however eloquent and sweet of speech, is incapable of worthily 
singing thy praise; and every mind reeleth when it would fain under- 
stand thy birth-giving. For which cause, with one accord, we glorify thee; 

The Communion Hymn. Thy good Spirit shall guide me into the 
land of righteousness. 

Vespers. 

( Which followeth immediately after the Liturgy!) 

After the customary beginning, and the Prefatory Psalm, the Litany : 

In peace let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

And the rest. After the Petition : 

For those who travel by sea or by land : IJc 

For the people here present who await the grace of the Holy 
Spirit: IJc 

For those who have bowed their knees and their hearts before 
the Lord : fy 

That he will strengthen us in the performance of those things 
which are well pleasing in his sight : $ 

That he will send down upon us the riches of his grace : IJc 

That he will accept this, the bending of our knees, as incense 
before him : IJc 

For those who entreat from him his aid : IJc 

That he will deliver us from all tribulation, wrath, peril and 
necessity : IJc 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 



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3*0 

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2 S o PENTECOST 

Choir, To thee, O Lord. 

Exclamation. For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, 
to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Stoma {Sttkhira) for : Lord, I have cried : In Tone IV. Marvel- 
lous things have all the nations beheld this day in the city of David, 
when the Holy Spirit descended in tongues of fire, as Luke, preaching 
the word of God, doth relate; for he saith: The disciples of Christ 
being assembled in one place, there came a sound as of a rushing 
mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And 
they all began to speak in strange tongues with strange doctrines, by 
the strange commands of the Holy Trinity. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of Truth, who art in all 
places and fillest all things ; Treasury of good things and Giver of life: 
Come, and take up thine abode in us, and cleanse us from every stain ; 
and save oar souls, O Good One. 

The Entrance is made with the censer. 

O gladsome radiance . . . 

The Great Gradual (Proiinten), in the Seventh Tone. Who is so 
great a God as our God ? Thou art God who doest wonders. 

Verse {Stikh) i : Thou hast declared thy power unto the nations. 

Verse 2 : And I said ; Now have I made a beginning ; these are the 
charges of the right hand of the Most High. 

Verse 3 : I have remembered the works of the Lord, as I have remem- 
bered thy marvels from the beginning. 

Then the Priest exclaimeth {or the Deacon) : 
Again, yet again, on bended knees let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

The First Prayer. 
Priest O Lord most pure, spotless, who art from everlasting, invisible, 
ineffable, unsearchable, unchanging, unsurpassable, immeasurable, long- 
suffering ; who alone hast immortality ; who dwellest in light unapproach- 
able ; who hast made heaven and earth and the sea, and all that therein 
is ; who grantest unto all men their petitions before they ask : We pray 
thee, and beseech thee, O Master who lovest mankind, the Father of our 
Lord, and God, and Saviour Jesus Christ, who for us men and for our 
salvation came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy 
Spirit of Mary the ever-virgin and exceeding-glorious Birth-giver of 
God ; who first did teach in words and afterwards did manifest himself 
in deeds, when he had suffered his redeeming Passion ; who hast given 
unto us, thy humble, and sinful, and unworthy servants, a command 
that we should offer supplications unto thee with bending of the neck 



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PENTECOST 251 

and of the knees, both for our own iniquities and for the ignorances 
of the people: Do thou, the same all-merciful God who lovest mankind, 
hear us in that day when we shall call upon thee, and more especially 
upon this day of Pentecost, whereon, after that our Lord Jesus Christ 
had ascended up into heaven, and had sat down at the right hand of 
thee, who art both his God and his Father, he did send down the 
Holy Spirit upon his holy disciples and apostles : which also did rest 
upon each one of them, so that they were all filled with its inexhaustible 
grace, and did declare thy majesty in divers unknown tongues, and 
did prophesy. Wherefore we beseech thee to hear us, and to remember 
us, humble and condemned as we are, and to turn again the captivity of 
our souls, exercising thy loving-kindness toward us who now offer up our 
petitions unto thee. Accept us who fall down before thee, and who cry 
aloud unto thee, We have sinned ! For we have cloven unto thee even 
from our mother's womb : thou art our God But because we have passed 
our days in vanity, we have stripped ourselves of thine aid, we have 
deprived ourselves of every valid defence. But confidently trusting in 
thy pity, we call unto thee : Remember not the sins of our youth and 
our ignorances ; and cleanse thou us from our secret sins ; and forsake us 
not in the days of our old age, when our strength faileth us. Even until 
we return again into the earth, abandon us not ; vouchsafe us grace to 
have recourse unto thee ; and receive us, because of thy favour and 
graciousness. Measure our wickedness according to the measure of thy 
bounties. Set over against the multitude of our transgressions the abyss 
of thy compassions. Look down from thy holiness on high, O Lord, 
upon thy people now present before thee, who await thy rich mercies. 
Visit us with thy loving-kindness : deliver us from the assaults of the 
Devil. Establish our life in thy holy and sacred commandments. Com- 
mit thy people unto an Angel, a faithful guardian. Gather us all into thy 
kingdom. Grant pardon unto those who put their trust in thee. Put away 
from them and from us all sins. Purify us by the operation of thy Holy 
Spirit ; bring to naught the machinations of the enemy against us. 

And thereto is added the following Prayer: 

Blessed art thou, O Lord, Master Almighty, who hast illumined the 
day with the light of the sun, and hast made bright the night with the 
brilliant flashes of the lightning; who hast graciously enabled us to 
pass through the long day, and to draw near to the beginning of the 
night. Hear our petitions, and the petitions of all thy people, and grant 
pardon unto us for all our sins, both voluntary and involuntary. Accept 
our evening prayers, and send down the multitude of thy mercy and thy 
bounties upon thine inheritance. Guard us with thy holy Angels. Arm 
us with the armour of thy righteousness. Encompass us round about 
with the ramparts of thy truth. Guard us by thy might. Deliver us 
from every assault, and from every treacherous plot of the adversary. 
And grant unto us that this present evening and the approaching night, 



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252 PENTECOST 

and all the days of our life, may be perfect, holy, peaceful, sinless, with- 
out stumbling, untroubled of dreams ; through the prayers of the holy 
Birth-giver of God, and of all the Saints, who, in all the ages, have been 
acceptable in thy sight. 

Then the Little Litany, 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Then the Priest maketh the Exclamation : 

For thine it is to show mercy upon us and to save us, O Lord our 
God, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, 
and to the •Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then the Priest \ or the Deacon , saith this Litany ; 

Let us all say, with all our soul and with all our mind let us say : 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Deacon. O Almighty Lord, the God of our fathers, we beseech thee: 
hearken, and have mercy. 

Choir Lord, have mercy. 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy we 
beseech thee : hearken, and have mercy. 

Here follow petitions for the Ruler of the Land and for all the Authorities 
(Emperor, or King, and Reigning House, or President, according to the ele- 
ments and national ties of which the Parish is constituted). 

For our Holy Synod (or Patriarch) ; for our Bishop (or Arch- 
bishop, or Metropolitan) N. ; for the honourable Presbytery, the 
Diaconate in Christ ; for all the clergy and the laity : IJs 

^urthermorewe pray for all their Christ-loving A r my and Navy: IJt 

Furthermore we pray for the blessed and ever-memorable founders 
of this holy Temple : IJs 

Furthermore we pray for mercy, life, peace, health, salvation, 
visitation, forgiveness and remission of the sins of the servants of 
God, the brethren of this holy Temple (or habitation : if it be a 
monastery) : Tfr 

Furthermore we pray for those who bear fruit and do good works 
in this holy and all-honourable Temple; for those who labour in 
its service; for the singers; and for the people here present, who 
await the great and rich mercies which are from thee : IJs 



< 
a 

3 

a 

o 



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PENTECOST 253 

For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

And immediately the Deacon saith : 

Again, yet again, on bended knees let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

The Second Prayer. 

O Lord Jesus Christ our God, who hast bestowed upon men thy 
peace and the gift of thy Holy Spirit; who, while thou wast yet with 
us in this present life, didst give unto thy faithful people an inheritance 
which shall not be taken away from them forever; who this day didst 
send down thy grace upon thy disciples and apostles, in manner most 
clear, and didst furnish their lips with fiery tongues ; by whom now, 
we also, together with all mankind, having received, through the hear- 
ing of our own ears divine knowledge in our own tongues, have been 
illumined with the light of the Spirit, and have put away the delusion of 
darkness by the distribution of the material and visible tongues of fire, 
as also by the marvellous operation of the same, whereby we have 
been inspired unto faith toward thee, and to glorify thee, together with 
the Father and the Holy Spirit in one Godhead and might ; and have 
been enlightened with power: Do thou, who art the Brightness of the 
Father, of his Essence and his Nature the Express and Immutable 
Image, the Fountain of Wisdom and of Grace, open the lips of me, a 
sinner, and teach me in what manner and for what needs I ought to 
pray; for thou knowest the great multitude of my sins, but thy loving- 
kindness shall overcome the enormity thereof. For lo ! I stand in awe 
before thee, and have cast into the great deep of thy mercy the despair 
of my soul. Govern my life, O thou who governest all creation by a 
word, with the unutterable might of thy wisdom, O tranquil Haven of 
the storm-tossed ; and make known unto me the way in which I should 
walk. Grant unto my understanding the spirit of thy wisdom, bestow- 
ing upon my ignorance the spirit of thy understanding. Overshadow 
my deeds with the spirit of thy fear, and renew a right spirit within 
me; and by thy sovereign Spirit make stable the instability of my 
thoughts. That being daily guided by thy good Spirit in that which is 
profitable for me, I may be enabled to keep thy statutes, and ever bear 
in mind thy glorious Coming-again, and those things worthy of torment 
which I have committed. And give me not over to be led astray by the 
corrupt pleasures of this present world, but strengthen in me the de- 
sire to strive for the treasures to come. For thou hast said, O Master: 
whatsoever a man shall ask in thy Name, that shall he freely receive 
from thy coeternal God and Father, who is from everlasting. Where- 
fore I, also, a sinner, at this descent of thy Holy Spirit, do entreat thy 



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354 PENTECOST 

goodness, that thou wilt grant me whatsoever things I have asked 
which are unto salvation. Yea, O Lord, the bounteous Giver of every 
benefit, and the Distributor of blessings, — for it is thou who givest most 
bountifully unto those who ask of thee, — thou art pitiful and gracious, 
and also wast made a partaker of our flesh, yet without sin, and dost 
incline thine ear with infinite loving-kindness unto those who bow the 
knee before thee; who, also, wast made the Propitiation for our sins. 
Wherefore, O Lord, grant thy bounties unto thy people. Hearken unto 
us from thy holy heaven. Sanctify us by the saving might of thy 
right hand Cover us with the. shelter of thy wings; and despise 
thou not the work of thy hands. Unto thee alone have we sinned, but 
thee alone do we serve. We know not to adore a strange god, neither 
have we stretched out our hands, O Lord, unto any other god. Pardon 
our iniquities, and accept this our prayer, which we make unto thee on 
bended knees. Extend unto us all the hand of thine aid. Receive the 
petitions of all men, as it were incense well-pleasing, acceptable before 
thine all-blessed kingdom. 

And thereto is added the following Prayer: 

O Lord, Lord, who deliverest us from all the arrows that fly by day, 
deliver thou us, also, from all things that infest the darkness. Accept 
our evening sacrifice, even the lifting-up of our hands. Grant that we 
may pass through the course of the night without sin, untempted of 
evil things ; and deliver us from every alarm and cowardice that cometh 
to us from the Devil. Grant unto our souls contrition, and unto our 
minds anxiety concerning that strict searching out of the thoughts 
which shall come in the dread and just Day of Judgment. Nail our 
flesh to the fear of thee, and mortify our earthly members : that, in 
the quietness of sleep, we may be illuminated by the vision of thy judg- 
ments. Remove from us, also, every unseemly imagination and hurtful 
carnal passion. Raise us up again at the hour of prayer, fortified in the 
faith, and advancing in thy commandments. 

And the Deacon saith : 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace. 

Choir, Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefined, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever : virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God, 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

And the Priest maketh the Exclamation ; 
Through the Loving-kindness and goodness of thine Only-begotten 



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PENTECOST 255 

Son, with whom thou art blessed, together with thine all-holy, and 
good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen, 

Then; Vouchsafe, O Lord, to keep us this night without sin. . . . 
{Page 10.) 

Then the Deacon saith : 

Again, yet again, on bended knees let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

And the Priest readeth the Third Prayer. 

O Fountain, ever-flowing, living, illumining ; Power creative, coeternal 
with the Father, O Christ our God, who hast most excellently fulfilled 
all the plan for the salvation of mankind ; who didst shatter the bonds 
indestructible of Death, and the bolts of Hell, and didst trample under 
foot a host of evil spirits ; who didst offer thyself a blameless victim 
for us, giving thine all-holy body for a sacrifice inviolate, and unassailed 
of every sin, and who, through that terrible and ineffable act of sacrifice, 
didst bestow upon us life eternal ; who didst descend into Hell, and 
break the everlasting bars, and show a way up unto those who abode 
in the lower world ; and having enticed, by divinely wise allurements, the 
origin of mischief and the serpent of the abyss, and bound him with 
cords of nethermost gloom and fire unquenchable in Tartarus, and in 
outer darkness, through thine infinite and fettering might, O Wisdom 
greatly glorified of the Father, thou didst manifest thyself as a mighty 
helper of the abused; and didst enlighten those who sat in darkness 
and in the shadow of death. O Lord of the everlasting glory and Son 
beloved of the Father most high, Light Eternal of Light Eternal, the 
Sun of Righteousness : Hear thou us, who now make our fervent sup- 
plications unto thee, and give rest to the souls of thy servants our 
fathers and brethren, and our other kinsmen after the flesh, and of all 
who %re of the household of faith, who have fallen asleep, and whom we 
now call to remembrance. For thou hast power over all things, and in 
thy hand thou upholdest all the ends of the earth. O Master Almighty, 
the God of our fathers and Lord of mercy, Creator of the race of 
mortals and immortals, and of every nature of man ; of that which is 
brought together and is again put asunder ; of life and of death ; 
of sojourn in the world that now is, and of translation to the world 
which is to come: thou metest out the years of life, and appointest 
the time of death ; thou bringest down to Hell, and again raisest up ; 
thou bindest unto im potency and loosest unto power, ordering things 
present according to their necessity, and appointing things to come as 
is expedient, quickening with the hope of Resurrection those who were 
smitten with the sting of death. For thou art, of a truth, the Master 
of all men, O God our Saviour, the hope of all the ends of the earth, 
and of those who are afar off upon the sea ; Who, on this last, and great, 
and redeeming day of .the Pentecostal feast, didst reveal unto us the 



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256 PENTECOST 

mystery of the Holy Trinity, one in Essence, coeternal, undivided and 
unmingled ; and didst pour out the inspiration and descent of the holy 
and life-giving Spirit, in the form of tongues of fire, upon thy holy apos- 
tles ; and didst appoint the same to be the heralds of the glad tidings 
of our holy faith; and didst make them -confessors and teachers of the 
true divine knowledge; who, also, on this all-perfect and saving Feast, 
art graciously pleased to accept propitiatory prayers for those who are 
imprisoned in Hell, promising unto us who are held in bondage great 
hope of release from the vileness that doth hinder us and did hinder 
them ; and that thou wilt send down thy consolation. Hear us, thy 
humble ones, who make our supplications unto thee, and give rest to 
the souls of thy servants who have fallen asleep, in a place of light, a 
place of verdure, a place of refreshment whence all sickness, sorrow and 
sighing have fled away : And speedily establish thou their souls in the 
mansions of the Just; and graciously vouchsafe unto them peace and 
pardon ; for the dead shall not praise thee, neither shall they who are in 
Hell make bold to offer unto thee confession. But we who are living 
will bless thee, and will pray, and offer unto thee propitiatory prayers 
and sacrifices for their souls. 

And thereto ts added the following Prayer: 

O God great and eternal, who art holy and lovest mankind ; who 
hast vouchsafed unto us at this present hour to stand before thine 
ineffable glory, and to sing and to praise thy wonders : Purify us, thine 
unworthy servants, and grant us grace that, with a contrite heart, and 
without presumption, we may offer unto thee the Thrice-Holy hymn of 
praise and thanksgiving for thy great gifts, which thou hast bestowed 
and always dost bestow upon us. Remember, O Lord, our weakness, 
and destroy us not in our iniquity, DUt show great mercy upon our 
humility ; that, fleeing from the darkness of sin, we may walk in the 
daylight of righteousness ; and that, putting on the armour of ligfct, we 
may remain unassailed by any despiteful attack of the Evil One, and 
with boldness may glorify in all things thee, the only true God, who also 
lovest mankind. For thine, O Lord and Creator of all men, is that great 
and veritable mystery, the dissolution of thy creatures for a season, 
and thereafter their redintegration and their rest forever. We acknow- 
ledge thy grace in all things ; for our coming into this world and our 
going out of it ; for our hopes of resurrection and of the life immortal 
faithfully pledged unto us through thine unfailing promises, the which 
we shall receive hereafter in thy Second Coming. For thou art the 
Chieftain of our Resurrection, and the Judge impartial and benignant 
of the dead, and the Master and Lord of recompense, who didst become 
a partaker, on equal terms, of our flesh and blood, because of thine 
exceeding great condescension ; and when, of thine own will, that thou 
mightest .place thyself under temptation, thou didst accept our un- 
avoidable passions, because of thy compassion, arid didst suffer through 



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PENTECOST SS7 

them, being thyself untempted thereby, thou didst become for us who 
are tempted the helper which thou thyself hadst promised ; and thereby 
hast thou led us to thy passion lessn ess. Wherefore, O Master, receive 
thou our prayers and supplications, and give rest unto the fathers, 
mothers, children, brothers and sisters, blood-relations and kinsfolk of 
each and all of us, and unto all souls which have fallen asleep before 
us; and establish their spirits in the hope of Resurrection unto life 
eternal; and inscribe their names in the Book of Life, in the bosom 
of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, and in the land of the living, 
in the kingdom of heaven, in the Paradise of sweetness ; by thy 
radiant Angels guiding all into thy holy mansions; raising up with 
thee, also, our bodies, in that day which thou hast appointed by thy 
holy and faithful promise. Because there is no death, O Lord, for thy 
servants when we depart from the body and come unto thee, our God, 
but a change from things very sorrowful unto things most benignant 
and most sweet, and unto repose and gladness. If, therefore, we have 
in aught transgressed against thee, be merciful unto us and unto 
them ; because there is no one pure from stain in thy sight, even for 
a single day of life, save thou alone, who didst manifest thyself sinless 
upon earth, O our Lord Jesus Christ ; through whom also we all trust 
to receive mercy and the remission of our sins. Wherefore, in that 
thou art a gracious God and lovest mankind, do thou, both to them and 
to us, pardon, remit, forgive our sins; both voluntary and involuntary, 
which we have committed whether wilfully or through ignorance; 
whether those which are manifest or those which have escaped our 
notice; whether of deed, or of thought, or of word, whatsoever they 
may be, in all our acts and lives. And unto the departed also grant 
thou release and pardon ; and bless us who are here present, granting 
unto us, and to all thy people, a good and peaceful ending, and opening 
unto us the tenderness of thy mercy and love toward mankind at thy 
dread and terrible Coming-again ; and make us worthy of thy kingdom. 

And thereto is added the Seventh Evening Prayer. (See Vespers, Prayer G, page 4.) 
Then the Deacon saith ; 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefined, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir, To thee, O Lord. 

Priest For thou art the repose of our souls and bodies, and unto thee 
do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



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25S PENTECOST 

Deacon. Let us complete our evening prayer unto the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. And the rest, as usual (Seepage 10.) 

The Priest then saith, secretly, the customary Prayer. 

O Lord our God, who didst bow the heavens and come down . . . 
(See page 10.) 

Exclamation. 

For thou art a gracious God, who lovest mankind, and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy 
word. For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, which thou hast prepared 
before the face of all nations ; a light to lighten the Gentiles, and the 
glory of thy people Israel. 

The Hymn for the Day ( Tropdr). Blessed art thou, O Christ our God, 
who hast revealed fishers most wise, sending down upon them thy Holy 
Spirit, and thereby catching the universe as in a net. Glory to thee, 
thou who lovest mankind. 

Then the Priest pronounceth the Benediction. 

May he who emptied himself from the bosom of God and the Father, 
and descended from heaven upon the earth, and took upon himself all 
our nature, and rendered it divine ; and after that ascended again into 
heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God and the Father; who also 
sent down upon his holy disciples and apostles the divine and holy 
Spirit, which is of one Essence, equal in power, and equal in glory with 
himself, and thereby enlightened them, and through them the whole 
universe — even Christ our true God ; through the prayers of his most 
pure and all-undefiled Mother, of the holy, glorious and all-laudable 
preachers of God and Spirit-bearing apostles, and of all the Saints, 
have mercy upon us and save us, forasmuch as he is good and loveth 
mankind 



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THE TRANSFIGURATION OF THE LORD 

At Vespers, on the Eve. 

The Stanzas {Stikhiri) for: Lord, I have cried : In Tone IV Be- 
fore thy Crucifixion, O Christ, the Mount became like unto the heavens, 
and a cloud was outspread like a canopy, while thou wast transfigured, 
and while the Father bare witness unto thee. There was Peter, together 
with James and John, inasmuch as they desired to be with thee at the 
time of thy betrayal also ; that, having beheld thy marvels, they might 
not be affrighted at thy sufferings. Make us also worthy to adore the 
same in peace, for the sake of thy great mercy. 

Before thy Crucifixion, O Lord, having taken thy disciples into a 
high mountain, thou wast transfigured before them, dazzling them with 
rays of might ; being desirous to show unto them the radiance of the 
Resurrection, both because of thy love toward mankind and for the sake 
of thy power. Make us also worthy of the same, O God, inasmuch as 
thou art merciful and lovest mankind. 

The mountain that of old was gloomy and smoking is now honourable 
and holy, for thereon thy feet have stood, O Lord; for the mystery 
which was hidden from eternity, even thy dread Transfiguration, was 
made manifest in these last days unto Peter and John and James, who, 
unable to endure such splendour of thy countenance and radiance of thy 
garments, fell with their faces to the earth, and covered themselves : 
and overcome with dread, they beheld Moses and Elijah talking with 
thee, touching those things which should happen unto thee. And there 
came, also, a voice from the Father, bearing witness unto thee, and say- 
ing : This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him, 
who also giveth unto the world great mercy. 

When the Saviour was transfigured on the high mountain, having 
with him the chief disciples, he made them most gloriously radiant, 
showing that inasmuch as they were radiant with the height of virtues, 
they shall be accounted worthy also of divine glory. Moses and Elijah, 
who talked with Christ, made manifest that he ruleth both the quick 
and the dead, and that he is the God who spake of old through the Law 
and the Prophets. And unto him also did the voice of the Father from 
the cloud bear witness, saying: Hear ye him, who hath taken Hell 
captive by his Cross, and giveth life everlasting unto the dead. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

(By Anatofius.) Tone VI Thou didst prefigure thy Resurrection, 
O Christ our God, when thou didst take three of thy disciples, Peter 
and James and John, and didst ascend Mount Tabor. And when thou 



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26o THE TRANSFIGURATION OF THE LORD 

wast transfigured, O Saviour, Mount Tabor was covered with light, 
and thy disciples, O Word, did throw themselves prone upon the earth, 
being unable to bear the sight of the form which may not be looked 
upon. Angels ministered with fear and trembling; the heavens were 
affrighted, and the earth did quake, when they beheld on earth the 
Lord of glory. 

The Gradual (Prohlmen) for the Day. 

The Parables (Paremil). Exodus xxiv. 12-18, xxxiii. 11-23, xxxiv. 
4-6, 8; 1 Kings xix. 3-9, 11-13, 15-16. 

The Stanza at the Litiyd, in Tone II Thou who didst illumine the 
whole universe with thy light, wast transfigured on a high mountain, 
O Good One, manifesting unto thy disciples thy power, inasmuch as 
thou deliverest the world from transgression : For which cause we cry 
aloud unto thee : O merciful Lord, save thou our souls. 

The Hymn (Trvpdr), in Tone VI L Thou wast transfigured upon the 
Mount, O Christ-God, revealing unto thy disciples thy glory in so far 
as they were able to bear it. Let thy light everlasting illumine us 
sinners also ; through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God. O Light- 
giver, glory to thee ! 

The Collect-Hymn (Konddk), in Tone VII. Upon the Mount wast thou 
transfigured, and thy disciples, in so far as they were qualified, beheld 
thy glory, O Christ-God ; that when they should see thee crucified 
they might comprehend that thy suffering was voluntary, and proclaim it 
unto the world : For thou art, of a truth, the effulgence of the Father. 

The Exaltation. We magnify thee, O life-giving Christ, and we do 
homage to the exceedingly glorious Transfiguration of thy Body most 
pure. 

The Gradual (Proklmen) % in the Fourth Tone. Tabor and Hermon 
shall rejoice in thy Name. 

Verse (Stikh) : Thine are the heavens, and the earth is thine. 

The Gospel. Luke ix. 28-36. 

THE CANON. 

The First Canon. Tone IV. (St. Cosmos of Malum.) 

Theme-Songs (Irmosi). I. The hosts of Israel, when they had passed 
with foot unwet through the watery abyss of the Red Sea, and beheld 
the warriors and the horsemen of the enemy drowned therein, sang 
aloud with joy : Let us sing praises unto our God, for gloriously hath 
he been glorified ! 

III. The bow of the mighty is become feeble, and those who had no 
strength have girded themselves with might. For which cause my 
heart is become steadfast in the Lord. 

IV. I have given heed to thy glorious providence, O Christ our God, 
how that thou wast born of a Virgin, to the end that thou mightest 
deliver from error all those who cry unto thee : Glory to thy might, 
Lord. 



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THE TRANSFIGURATION OF THE LORD 361 

V. O thou who didst divide primeval chaos from the light, that thy 
works might sing thee in the light, O Christ their Creator : Guide thou 
our paths in thy light. 

VI. I cried unto the Lord in my trouble, and the God of my salva- 
tion heard me. 

VII. The Children of Abraham in Babylon of old trampled upon the 
flame of the furnace, and raised the song of praise : Blessed be thou, 
O God of our fathers ! 

VIII. The Children in Babylon, flaming with zeal divine, valiantly 
trampled under foot the threat of their tormentor, and the flame ; and 
when they were cast into the midst of the fire, being watered with dew, 
they cried : O all ye works of the Lord bless ye the Lord ! 

In place of: My soul doth magnify the Lord : The Refrain : 

Magnify, O my soul, the Lord who was transfigured on Tabor. 

IX. Thy birth-giving was shown to be without defilement ; God came 
forth from thy loins, manifested himself as a bearer of the flesh upon 
earth, and dwelt among men : Wherefore we all do magnify thee, O 
Birth-giver of God. 

The Benediction. May he who on Mount Tabor was transfigured in 
glory in the presence of his holy disciples and apostles, Christ, our 
true God, through the prayers of his most holy Mother : and the rest, 
as usual (Seepage 122.) 

At the Liturgy. 
Antiphon /., Tone II. 

Verse 1 : O be joyful in the Lord all ye lands : sing praises unto the 
honour of his Name; make his praise to be glorious. 

Refrain. Through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, O Saviour, 
save us. 

Verse 2 : The voice of thy thunder was heard round about, thy light- 
nings illumined the universe; the earth was moved and shook 
withal. Tfr 

Verse 3 : Thou art clothed with majesty and confession : thou deck- 
est thyself with light as it were a garment. 3> 

Antiphon II., Tone II 

Verse 1 : On the north side of Mount Zion lieth the city of the great 
King. 

Refrain. O Son of God who wast transfigured upon the Mount, 
save us who sing unto thee, Alleluia. 

Verse 2 : And he brought them unto the mount of his sanctuary, even 
the mountain which he had purchased with his right hand. Ifc 

Verse 3 : The hill of Zion which he loved, and built there like the 
unicorn his sanctuary. IJ 



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262 THE TRANSFIGURATION OF THE LORD 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Only-begotten Son and Word of God ! . . . {See page 170.) 

Antiphon III, Tone VII. 

Verse 1 : They that put their trust in the Lord shall be even as the 
Mount Zion, which may not be removed forever. 

Refrain; The Hymn (Tropdr), in Tone II. Thou wast transfigured 
upon the Mount, O Christ-God, revealing unto thy disciples thy glory 
in so far as they were able to bear it. Let thy light everlasting 
illumine us sinners also ; through the prayers of the Birth-giver of 
God. O Light-giver, glory to thee ! 

Verse 2 : The hills stand about it, and the Lord about his people, for- 
evermore. Jfc 

Verse 3 : Lord, who shall dwell in thy tabernacle, or who shall rest 
upon thy holy hill ? Tfc 

Verse 4 : Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord, or who shall 
rise up in his holy place ? Tfc 

The Introit. O Lord, send forth thy light and thy truth, and they 
shall instruct me and shall lead me unto thy holy hill. 

The Gradual {Prokimen), in the Fourth Tone. O Lord, how marvel- 
lous are thy works : in wisdom hast thou made them all. 

Verse \ Bless the Lord, O my soul : O Lord my God, thou art greatly 
exalted. 

The Epistle. 2 Peter i. 10-19. 

Alleluia. {Tone VIII.) The heavens are thine, and the earth is 
thine. 

Verse: Blessed are the people who understand the shout of joy. 

The Gospel. Matt. xviL 1-9. 

In place of: Meet is it : The Ninth Theme-Song of the Canon. Thy 
birth-giving was shown to be without defilement ; . . . {See page 261.) 

The Communion Hymn {Pritchdsten). O Lord, in the light of thy 
countenance will we walk, and in thy Name will we rejoice forever- 
more. 

After the Liturgy on this day it is customary to bless the fruits. 
The Prayer at the Partaking of Grapes, on August 6th. 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

Lord, have mercy. 

Bless, O Lord, this new fruit of the vine, which thou hast graciously 
been pleased to permit to come to maturity, through salubrious seasons, 
and drops of rain, and peaceful times : and let it be unto joy for those 
of us who shall partake of this offspring of the vine ; and may we offer 
it as a gift to thee unto the purification of our sins, through the sacred 
and holy Body of thy Christ : with whom thou art blessed, together 
with thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. . Amen. 



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THE TRANSFIGURATION OF THE LORD 263 

This Prayer is said over grapes which are brought into the Temple to be blessed 
on the sixth day of August ', at places where there are vineyards. But in Great 
Russia, where there are no vineyards, apples are brought into the Temple on 
that day, and the Prayer for those who bring the first fruits of vegetables is 
said. 

Each vegetable is brought to the Temple in its season, and the Prayer is said over 
it also. 

The Prayer for those who bring the first-fruits of vegetables. 

O Lord our God, who hast commanded that we should bring unto 
thee an offering of each of thine own things, and who requitest the 
same with the gift of thine eternal good things ; who didst graciously 
accept the offering of the widow, according to her ability : Accept thou 
now also these things which are offered unto thee by thy servant, N., 
and vouchsafe to place the same among thine eternal treasures ; grant- 
ing unto him (Aer) an abundant harvest of thy worldly benefits, together 
with all things profitable unto him (Aer). 

For blessed is thy Name, and glorified is thy kingdom, of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 



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THE FALLING-ASLEEP (ASSUMPTION) OF THE 
MOST HOLY BIRTH-GIVER OF GOD 

(august 15) 

(This Feast is preceded by a Fast of two weeks' 1 duration.) 
At Vespers. 

The Stanza {Stikhira) for : Lord, I have cried: In Tone L O marvel 
wonderful ! The Source of life is laid in the grave, and the tomb becometh 
the ladder unto heaven. Rejoice, O Gethsemane, thou holy abode of the 
Birth-giver of God ! In that we have Gabriel for our chieftain, let us cry 
aloud, ye faithful : Hail, thou that art full of grace ! The Lord is with 
thee, through thee granting unto the world great mercy. {Twice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

At the sovereign command of God were the God-bearing apostles 
caught up on high in the clouds from everyplace ; and when they were 
come to thine all-holy and life-originating body, they kissed the same 
with love. The heavenly powers most high also, when thev were come 
with their Master, were seized with dread as they escorted the all-pure 
body which had received God ; with stately mien, also, they went before, 
and invisibly cried aloud unto the Powers most high : Lo, the Queen 
over all, and the Maiden of God cometh. Be ye lifted up, O gates, and 
lift ye up, in more than earthly wise, Her who is the Mother of the 
Everlasting Light. For through her was salvation universal brought 
to pass for men : and we cannot gaze upon her, and it is not possible 
to render unto her the honour that is meet : for her surpassing merit 
exceedeth all understanding. Wherefore, O Birth-giver of God most 
pure, who abidest ever with the life-bearing King, who also is thy Son, 
entreat thou him that he will ever preserve thy new people, and save 
them from every hostile assault ; for we have acquired thine interces- 
sion, blessing thee both in light and darkness forever. 

The Gradual (Prokimen) for the Day. 

The Parables (Paremif), the same as for the Nativity of the Birth-giver or 
God. 

The Stanza at the Litiyd, in Tone V. Sing, O ye people, sing the 
Mother of our God ; for to-day she doth yield up her all-radiant soul 
into the palms most pure of Him who, without seed, was incarnate of 
her : Whom, also, she doth unceasingly entreat that he will give unto 
the world peace and great mercy. 

The Hymn for the Day (Tropdr), in Tone L In Birth-giving thou 



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THE FALLING-ASLEEP OF THE MOST HOLY BIRTH-GIVER 265 

didst preserve thy virginity ; in thy Falling-asleep thou hast not for- 
saken the world, O Birth-giver of God. Thou hast passed over into life, 
thou who art the Mother of Life, and through thine intercessions dost 
deliver our souls from death. 

The Exaltation ( Velitchdnic). We magnify thee, O Mother all-unde- 
filed of Christ our God, and we glorify thine all-glorious Falling- 
asleep. 

The Gradual \Prokitncn\in the Fourth Tone. I will call to mind thy 
name from generation to generation. 

Verse (Stikh) : Hearken, O daughter, and behold, and incline thine 
ear. 

The Gospel Luke i. 39-49, 56. 

THE CANON. 

The First Canon. Tone I. (St. Cosmos of Afaium.) 

Theme-Songs {Irmosi). I. Adorned with glory divine thy holy and 
illustrious memory, O Virgin, hath gathered together all the faithful 
unto joy ; that under the leadership of Miriam, with choirs and cymbals, 
they may sing thine Only-born : For gloriously hath he been glorified. 

III. O Christ, the Wisdom and the Power of God, who createth and 
maintaineth all things, establish thou the Church steadfast and immov- 
able. For thou only art holy who restest in the Saints. 

IV. The predictions and dark sayings of the Prophets proclaimed 
beforehand thine incarnation of a Virgin, O Christ : The splendour of 
thy flashing forth shall come for the enlightenment of the nations ; and 
the deep with joy shall cry unto thee : Glory to thy might, O thou who 
lovest mankind. 

V. The beauty divine and ineffable of thy perfection will I declare, 
O Christ ; for thou who didst shine forth from the Glory eternal, as 
an effulgence coetemal and one in Essence, when thou didst become 
incarnate of a Virgin's womb, didst shine as the sun upon those who sat 
in darkness and the shadow. 

VI. The fire within the whale of the sea, the denizen of the deep, in 
which the Prophet Jonah was found, was the prototype of thy three 
days' burial ; for remaining unscathed, as before the swallowing, he 
cried aloud : With the voice of praise will I sacrifice unto thee, O Lord. 

VII. Love divine, resisting the wrath audacious and the fire, did 
sprinkle the fire with dew, but laughed to scorn the wrath, resounding 
above the instruments of music upon the God-inspired, supersensual 
and triple-stringed lyre of the Righteous Ones amid the flame : Blessed 
be thou, O God of our fathers, and our God, exceeding glorious! 

VIII. As dew-dropping for the Godly Ones, but as consuming to the 
impious, did the all-powerful Angel of God manifest forth the flame to 
the Children. And the Birth-giver of God did he make a life-originating 
Fountain, pouring forth destruction to Death and life to those who 



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266 THE FALLING-ASLEEP OF THE MOST HOLY BIRTH-GIVER 

sing : The only Creator do we, who have been delivered, praise in song 
and magnify unto all the ages. 

In place of: My soul doth magnify the Lord : The Refrain : We, even 
all the nations, do bless thee, the only Birth-giver of God. Or: When 
the all-holy Angels beheld thine Assumption they marvelled how a 
Virgin should ascend from earth into heaven. 

IX. The laws of Nature were conquered in thee, O Virgin pure; 
for in birth-giving was virginity preserved, and with death is life con- 
joined. Thou who, after birth-giving, a Virgin didst remain, though 
dead, art yet aJive, O Birth-giver of God, and savest always thine inherit- 
ance. 

At the Liturgy, 

The Gradual (Proktnten), in the Third Tone. My soul doth magnify 
the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. 

Verse: For he hath regarded the lowliness of his handmaiden; for 
behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed. 

The Epistle. Phil. ii. 5-1 1. 

Alleluia. {Tone II) Arise, O Lord, in thy rest, thou, and the taber- 
nacle of thy holiness. 

Verse: The Lord sware truth unto David, and he shall not abjure it 

The Gospel. Luke x. 38-42, xL 27, 28. 

The Hymn in place of: Meet is it : The Ninth Theme-Song of the 
Canon: The laws of Nature were conquered in thee, . . . {See above.) 

The Communion Hymn. I will take the cup of salvation, and call 
upon the Name of the Lord. 



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PRAYERS 

ON THE FIRST DAY AFTER A WOMAN HATH GIVEN BIRTH 

TO A CHILD 

Priest. Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Master, Lord Almighty, who healest every infirmity and every 
weakness : Heal thou also this thy servant, N., who this day hath given 
birth to a child, and raise her up from the bed whereon she lieth. For, 
according to the words of the Prophet David, in sin are we conceived, 
and we are all vile in thy sight. Preserve her and this child which she 
hath borne. Cover her with the shadow of thy wings, from the day that 
now is even unto her last end ; through the prayers of the all-pure 
Birth-giver of God, and of all the Saints. For blessed art thou unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Master, Lord our God, who wast born of our all-pure Lady, the 
Birth-giver of God, and as a babe didst lie in a manger, and as a little 
child wast held in arms : Show mercy also upon this thy servant, who 
to-day hath borne a child ; and forgive her sins, both voluntary and 
involuntary ; and preserve her from every oppression of the Devil ; and 
preserve the child which hath been bqrn of her from every poison and 
perplexity, from every storm of adversity, and from evil spirits, whether 
of the day or of the night. Keep her under thy mighty hand, and grant 
that she may speedily arise, and purify her from uncleanness, and heal 
her sickness ; and vouchsafe unto her health and strength both of soul 
and body ; and hedge her round about with bright and shining Angels ; 
and preserve her from every invasion of invisible spirits. Yea, Lord, 
and from infirmity and weakness, from jealousy and envy, and from the 
evil eye; and have mercy upon her and upon the child, according to 
thy great mercy ; and purify her from bodily uncleanness, and from the 
divers inward troubles which assail her. And lead her forth by thy 
speedy mercy, in submissiveness of her body, unto recovery. And grant 
that the child that hath been born of her may do reverence to the 
earthly temple which thou hast prepared to glorify thy holy Name. 

For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Lord our God, who wast graciously pleased to come down from 
heaven, and to be born of the holy Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin 
Mary, for the salvation of us sinners, and who knowest the frailty of 



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268 AT THE NAMING OF A CHILD 

man's nature : Forgive thy servant, N., who to-day hath given birth, 
according to the multitude of thy bounties. For thou hast said, O Lord : 
Increase* and multiply, and fill the earth, and possess it. For which 
cause also do we, thy servants, pray, and emboldened by thy long-suffer- 
ing love towards mankind, with awe do cry aloud to the kingdom of thy 
holy Name : Look down from heaven and behold the weakness of us 
who are condemned ; and pardon this thy servant, and all the house 
wherein the child hath been born, and those who have touched her, 
and all those who are here present; inasmuch as thou art a good God 
and lovest mankind ; for thou only hast power to remit sins. Through 
the prayers of the all-holy Birth-giver of God and of all the Saints. 



AT THE NAMING OF A CHILD, WHEN HE RECEIVETH HIS 
NAME, ON THE EIGHTH DAY AFTER HIS BIRTH 

The Priest makeih the sign of the cross upon the forehead, lips and breast of the 
Infant, and saith this Prayer : 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Lord our God, we pray unto thee, and we beseech thee, and im- 
plore thee, that the light of thy countenance may be shown upon this 
thy servant, N. ; and that the cross of thine Only-begotten Son may 
be graven in his {her) heart, a,nd in his {her) thoughts : that he {she) 
may flee from the vanity of the world and from every evil snare of the 
enemy, and may follow after thy comrpandments. And grant, O Lord, 
that thy holy Name may remain unrejected by him {her) ; and that he 
{she) may be united, in due time, to thy holy Church ; and that the 
dread Sacraments of thy Christ may be administered unto him {Iter) : 
That, having lived according to thy commandments, and preserved 
without flaw the seal, he {she) may receive the bliss of the elect in thy 
kingdom ; through the grace and love towards mankind of thine Only- 
begotten Son, with whom also thou art blessed, together with thine 
all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. Amen. 

Then, taking the Infant in his arms, he standeth before the door of the Temple, 
or before the holy image of the most holy Birth-giver of God, and maketh the 
sign of the cross, saying : 

Hail, O blessed Virgin Birth-giver of God ! For from thee hath shone 
forth the Sun of Righteousness, Christ our God, who giveth light to 
them that are in darkness. And rejoice, thou aged, righteous man, that 
didst receive in thine arms the Redeemer of our souls, who giveth 
unto us resurrection ! 

Then the Benediction. 



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FOR A WOMAN ON THE FORTIETH DAY 269 

FOR A WOMAN ON THE FORTIETH DAY AFTER CHILD- 
BIRTH 

On the fortieth day the Infant is brought to the Temple to be churched; that 
is, to make a beginning of being taken into the Church. And it is brought bv 
the Mother, who, being already cleansed and washed, standeth there at the 
Entrance, and desireth to receive the Rite, after Baptism. 

Bending down his head to the Mother, as she standeth with the Infant, the Priest 
maketh the sign of the cross over the Infant ; and touching its head, he saith 
the Prayer: 

Let us pray to the Lord 

O Lord God Almighty, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who by 
thy word hast created all things, both men endowed with speech and 
dumb animals, and hast brought all things from nothingness into being, 
we pray and implore thee : Thou hast saved this thy servant, N., by thy 
will. Purify her, therefore, from all sin and from every uncleanness, as 
she now draweth near unto thy holy Church ; and make her worthy to 
partake, uncondemned, of thy Holy Mysteries. 

(And if the Child be not living, the Prayer is read only thus far. Then the Excla- 
mation. 

For thou art a good God, who lovest mankind, and unto thee do we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

But if the Child be alive, the following is added, to the end:) x 

And bless thou the child which hath been born of her. Increase him 
{her) ; sanctify him {her) ; enlighten him {her) ; render him {her) chaste, 
and endow him {her) with good understanding. For thou hast brought 
him {her) into being, and hast shown him {her) the physical light, and 
hast appointed him {her) to be vouchsafed in due time spiritual light, 
and that he (she) may be numbered among thy chosen flock. Through 
thine Only-begotten Son, with whom, also, thou art blessed, together 
with thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen* 

Peace be unto alL 

Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

The Prayer for the Mother of the Child. 

O Lord our God, who didst come for the redemption of the human 
race, come thou also upon thy servant, N., and grant unto her, through 
the prayers of thine honourable Priest, entrance into the temple of thy 
glory. Wash away her bodily uncleanness, and the stains of her soul, 
in the fulfilling of the forty days. Make her worthy of the communion 
of thy holy Body and of thy Blood. 

For sanctified and glorified is thine all-honourable and majestic Name, 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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270 FOR A WOMAN ON THE FORTIETH DAY 

The Prayer for the Child. The Priest, making over the Child the sign of the 
cross, prayeth : 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Lord our God, who wast brought, on the fortieth day, as an infant 
into the Temple according to the Law, by Mary the Bride Unwedded, 
who also was thy holy Mother ; and wast borne in the arms of Simeon 
the Just : Do thou, O Master all-powerful, bless also unto every good 
deed this infant which hath been brought hither, that he {she) may pre- 
sent himself {herself) unto thee, the Creator of all men, and may grow 
up well-pleasing unto thee in all things ; and drive far from him {her) 
every adverse power, through sealing with the sign of thy cross ; for 
thou aft he who preserveth infants, O Lord. And grant that having 
been vouchsafed holy Baptism, he {she) may receive the portion of the 
elect ones of thy kingdom, and be preserved, together with us, through 
the grace of the holy, and consubstantial, and undivided Trinity. 

For unto thee are due all glory, thanksgiving and worship, together 
with thy Father who is from everlasting, and thine all-holy, and good, 
and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Peace be with you all. 

Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

O God the Father Almighty, who by thy trumpet-voiced Prophet 
Isaiah didst foretell unto us the incarnation through a Virgin of thine 
Only-begotten Son and our God ; who in these latter days, by thy good 
pleasure and the cooperation of the Holy Spirit, for the salvation of us 
men, and because of thy boundless compassion, didst graciously deign 
to become a babe by her; and according to the custom of the holy 
Law didst suffer thyself to be brought into tt\y holy Sanctuary, after 
that the days of purification were fulfilled, being thyself the true 
law-giver; and didst condescend to be borne in the arms of the right- 
eous Simeon, of which mystery we have recognized the prototype, re- 
vealed by the coal in the tongs to the prophet aforesaid ; which thing, 
also, we faithful, by grace do imitate : Do thou now also, O Lord, who 
preservest children, bless this Infant, together with his {her) parents 
and his {her) sponsors ; and grant that, in due season, he {she) may 
be united, through water and the Spirit of the new birth, unto thy 
holy flock of reason-endowed sheep, which is called by the name of 
thy Christ. For thou art he who dwelleth on high, and looketh down 
upon the humble of heart; and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

And if the Child be already baptized, the Priest performeth the churching. But 
if not, he doth this after the Baptism. And the Benediction to the Prayers is 
made here. 

May Christ our true God, through the prayers of his most pure 
Mother, of the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles {and of the 



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FOR A WOMAN ON THE FORTIETH DAY 271 

Patron Saint of the Temple ; and of the Saint of the day\ ; of the holy 
and righteous Ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna, and of all the 
Saints, have mercy upon us, and save us, in that he is good and loveth 
mankind. 

Then the Priest taketh the Infant, and maketh with it the sign of the cross in 
front of the door of the Temple, saying : 

The servant of God, N., is churched : In the Name of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen. 

Then he beareth him into the Temple, saying ; 

He {she) entereth into thy house, to worship towards thy holy 
Temple. 

And going to the middle of the Temple, he saith ; 

The servant of God is churched: In the Name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen. 

Then he saith : 

In the midst of the church shall he {she) sing praises unto thee. 

Then he beareth him before the door of the Sanctuary, saying ; 

The servant of God is churched : In the Name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 

And He beareth it into the holy Sanctuary, if it be a male child; but if it be a 
female child, to the Holy Door only, saying: 

Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy 
word. 

For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, 

Which thou hast prepared : before the face of all people ; 

To be a light to lighten the Gentiles, and to be the glory of thy peo- 
ple Israel. 

And after this, at the door of the Sanctuary, he giveth the Child to the Sponsor, 
who maketh three lowly reverences, and taketh the Child. 

And the Priest pronounce th the customary Benediction. (See above.) 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM* 

THE PRAYERS AT THE RECEPTION OF CATECHUMENS 

The Priest looseth the girdle of the Person who desireih Illumination, and re- 
moveth it, andputteth it off from him ; and place th him with his face towards 
the east) clothed in one garment only, unshod, and with head uncovered, and 
with his arms hanging by his sides ; and he breaiheih thrice in his face ; and 
signeth his brow and his breast thrice with the sign of the cross; and layeth 
hts hand upon his head, saying: 

Let us pray to the Lord, (i) 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

In thy Name, O Lord God of truth, and in the Name of thine Only- 
begotten Son, and of thy Holy Spirit, I lay my hand upon thy servant, 
N M who hath been found worthy to flee unto thy holy Name, and to 
take refuge under the shelter of thy wings. Remove far from him {her) 
his {her) former delusion, and fill him (her) with the faith, hope and 
love which are in thee ; that he (she) may know that thou art the only 
true God, with thine Only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, and thy 
Holy Spirit. Enable him (her) to walk in all thy commandments, and 
to fulfil those things which are well-pleasing unto thee; for if a man 
do those things, he shall find life in them. Inscribe him (her) in thy 
Book of Life, and unite him (her) to the flock of thine inheritance. 
And may thy holy Name be glorified in him (her), together with 
that of thy beloved Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, and of thy life-giving 
Spirit. Let thine eyes ever regard him (her) with mercy, and let thine 
ears attend unto the voice of his (her) supplication. Make him (her) to 
rejoice in the works of his (her) hands, and in all his (her) generation; 
that he (she) may render praise unto thee, may sing, worship and glorify 
thy great and exalted Name always, all the days of his (her) life. 

Exclamation. 

For all the Powers of Heaven sing praises unto thee, and thine is the 
glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The First Exorcism. 

Let us pray to the Lord, . 

The Lord layeth thee under ban, O Devil : He who came into the world, 
and made his abode among men, that he might overthrow thy tyranny 
and deliver men ; who also upon the Tree did triumph over the adverse 
powers, when the sun was darkened, and the earth did quake, and the 
graves were opened, and the bodies of the Saints arose ; who also by 

* For explanations, indicated by numbers in text, see Appendix B, VI. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 273 

death annihilated Death, and overthrew him who exercised the dominion 
of Death, that is thee, the Devil. I adjure thee by God, who hath 
revealed the Tree of Life, and hath arrayed in ranks the Cherubim and 
the flaming sword which turneth all ways to guard it : Be thou under ban. 
For I adjure thee by him who walketh upon the surface of the sea as 
it were dry land, and layeth under his ban the tempests of the winds ; 
whose glance drieth up the deep, and whose interdict maketh the moun- 
tains to melt away. The same now, through us, doth lay thee under ban. 
Fear, begone and depart from this creature, and return not again, neither 
hide thyself in him {her\ neither seek thou to meet him \her\ nor to 
influence him {her\ either by night or by day; either in the morn- 
ing, or at noonday : but depart hence to thine own Tartarus, until the 
great Day of Judgment which is ordained. Fear thou God who sitteth 
upon the Cherubim and looketh upon the deeps ; before whom tremble 
Angels and Archangels, Thrones, Dominions, Principalities, Authorities, 
Powers, the many-eyed Cherubim and the six-winged Seraphim; before 
whom, likewise, heaven and earth do quake, the sea and all that therein 
is. Begone, and depart from this sealed, newly-enlisted warrior of Christ 
our God. For I adjure thee by him who rideth upon the wings of the 
wind, and maketh his Angels spirits, and his ministers a flaming fire : 
Begone, and depart from this creature, with all thy powers and thine 
angels. 

Exclamation, 

For glorified is the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Second Exorcism. 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

God, holy, terrible and glorious, who is unsearchable and inscrutable 
in all his works and might, hath foreordained for thee the penalty of 
eternal punishment, O Devil : the same, through us, his unworthy ser- 
vants, doth command thee, with all thy confederate hosts, to depart 
hence, from him {her) who hath been newly sealed in the Name of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, our true God. Wherefore I adjure thee, O most 
crafty, impure, vile, loathsome and alien spirit, by the might of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, who hath all power, both in heaven and on earth, and who 
said unto the deaf and dumb demon, Come out of the man, and in 
nowise enter thou a second time into him : Depart ! Acknowledge the 
vainness of thy might, which hath not power even over swine. Call to 
mind him who, at thy request, commanded thee to enter into the herd 
of swine. Fear God, by whose decree the earth is established upon the 
waters ; who hath made the heavens, and hath set the mountains with a 
line, and the valleys with a measure; and hath fixed bounds to the sands 
of the sea, and a firm path upon the stormy waters; who toucheth the 
mountains and they smoke ; who clotheth himself with light as with a 



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274 THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 

garment ; who spreadeth out the heavens as it were a curtain ; who cov- 
ereth his exceeding high places with the waters ; who hath made fast the 
earth upon its foundations, so that it shall not be removed unto ages of 
ages ; who collecteth the water of the sea and poureth it out upon the 
face of the whole earth : Begone, and depart from him {her) who hath 
made himself {herself) ready for hply Illumination. I adjure thee by the 
redeeming Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by his precious Body 
and Blood, and by his terrible Coming-again ; for he shall come, and 
shall not tarry, to judge the whole earth ; and he shall chastise thee and 
thy confederate host with burning Gehenna, committing thee to outer 
darkness, where the worm ceaseth not, and the fire is not quenched. 
For of Christ our God is the dominion, with the Father and the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The Third Exorcism, 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Lord of Sabaoth, the God of Israel, who healest every malady and 
every infirmity: Look upon thy servant; prove him {her) and search 
him {her), and root out of him {her) every operation of the Devil. Re- 
buke the unclean spirits and expel them, and purify the works of thy 
hands ; and exerting thy trenchant might, speedily crush down Satan 
under his {her) feet ; and give him {her) victory over the same, and over 
his foul spirits ; that, having obtained mercy from thee, he {she) may be 
made worthy to partake of thy heavenly Mysteries; and may ascribe 
unto thee glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

A Fourth Prayer. 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

Thou who in verity existest, O Lord the Master ; who hast created 
man in thine own likeness, and hast bestowed upon him the power of 
life eternal ; who also despisest not those who have fallen away through 
sin, but hast provided salvation for the world through the incarna- 
tion of thy Christ : Do thou, the same Lord, delivering also this thy 
creature from the bondage of the enemy, receive him {her) into thy 
heavenly kingdom. Open the eyes of his {her) understanding, that the 
light of thy Gospel may shine brightly in him {her). Yoke unto his {her) 
life a radiant Angel, who shall deliver him {her) from every snare of 
the adversary, from encounter with evil, from the demon of the noon- 
day, and from evil visions. 

Then the Priest breatheth upon his mouth, his brow, and his breast \ saying: 

Expel from him {her) every evil and impure spirit which hideth and 
maketh its lair in his {her) heart. {And this he saith thrice.) 

The spirit of error, the spirit of guile, the spirit of idolatry and of 
every concupiscence; the spirit of deceit and of every uncleanness 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 275 

which operateth through the prompting of the Devil. And make him 
{her) a reason-endowed sheep (2) in the holy flock of thy Christ, an, 
honourable member of thy Church, a consecrated vessel, a child of the 
light, and an heir of thy kingdom ; that having lived in accordance with 
thy commandments, and preserved inviolate the seal, and kept his {her) 
garment undefined, he {she) may receive the blessedness of the Saints 
in thy kingdom. 

In a loud voice. 

Through the grace, and bounties, and love towards mankind of thine 
Only-begotten Son, with whom thou art blessed, together with thy most 
holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

Then the Priest turneth the person who is come to Baptism to face the west, (3) 
unclad^ unshod,, and having his hands uplifted. And he saith ; 

Dost thou renounce Satan, and all his Angels, and all his works, and 
all his service, and all his pride ? 

And the Catechumen mafceth answer, or his Sponsor for him, and saith : 
I do. {And this question and answer are thrice repeated.) 

Again the Priest questioneth the Catechumen. 
Hast thou renounced Satan ? 

And the Catechumen, or his Sponsor for him, maketh answer: 

I have. {And this question and answer, likewise, are thrice re- 
peated.) 

Then saith the Priest : 
Breathe and spit upon him. 

And when he hath done this, the Priest turneth him to the east, (4) with his 
hands lowered, and saith : 

Dost thou unite thyself unto Christ ? 

And the Catechumen, or his Sponsor for him, maketh answer : 
I do. {And this question and answer are thrice repeated.) ^ 

Then the Priest saith to him ; 
Hast thou united thyself unto Christ? 

And he replieth : 
I have. 

Dost thou believe in him? 
I believe in him as King and as God. 



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276 THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 

And he reciteth The Holy Symbol of the Faith. 

I believe in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth, And of all things visible and invisible : 

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, Begot- 
ten of his Father before all worlds ; Light of Light, Very God of very 
God, Begotten, not made; Being of one Essence with the Father; By 
whom all things were made; Who, for us men, and for our salvation, 
came down from heaven, And was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the 
Virgin Mary, And was made man. And was crucified also for us under 
Pontius Pilate, and suffered and was buried, And the third day he rose 
again, according to the Scriptures. And ascended into heaven, And 
sitteth on the right hand of the Father. And he shall come again with 
glory to judge both the quick and the dead; Whose kingdom shall have 
no end. 

And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life, Who proceedeth 
from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son together is wor- 
shipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets. In one Holy Catholic 
and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission 
of sins. I look for the Resurrection of the dead, And the Life of the 
world to come. Amen. 

And when he hath finished the Holy Symbol of the Faith the Priest inquireth of 

him : 

Hast thou united thyself unto Christ ? 

I have. ( This question and answer are thrice repeated.} 

Bow down also before him. 

And the Catechumen boweth himself saying : 

I bow down before the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, the 
Trinity, one in Essence and undivided. 

Priest Blessed is God, who willeth that all men should be saved, 
and should come to the knowledge of the truth, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

Then he reciteth this Prayer: 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Master, Lord our God, call thy servant, N., to holy Illumination, 
and grant unto him {her) that great grace of thy holy Baptism. Put off 
from him {her) the old man, and renew him {her) unto life everlasting; 
and fill him {her) with the power of thy Holy Spirit, in the unity of thy 
Christ : that he {she) may be no more a child of the body, but a child 
of thy kingdom. Through the good will and grace of thine Only-begot- 
ten Son, with whom thou art blessed, together with thy most holy, and 
good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 



277 



THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 

The Priest eniereih the Sanctuary and putieth on white vestments, and his 
gauntlets. And when he hath lighted all the taper i \ (5) he iaketh the censer \ 
andgoeth to the Font, and censetn round about it ; and having given the censer 
to be held, he maketh a reverence. 



Bless, Master. 



Then the Deacon saith . 



And the Priest saith> aloud : 



Blessed is the kingdom of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen ! 



And straightway the Deacon saith 
the Litany. 

In peace let us pray to the 
Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

That this water maybe sanc- 
tified with the power, and effec- 
tual operation, and indwelling 
of the Holy Spirit : ft 

That there may be sent down 
into it the grace of redemption, 
the blessing of Jordan : ft 

That there may come upon 
this water the purifying oper- 
ation of the supersubstantial 
Trinity : ft 

That we may be illumined by 
the light of understanding and 
piety, and by the outpouring of 
the Holy Spirit: ft 

That this water may prove 
effectual unto the averting of 
every snare of enemies, both 
visible and invisible : ft 

That he {she) who is bap- 
tized therein may be made 
worthy of the kingdom incor- 
ruptible: ft 

For him {her) who is now 
come unto holy Baptism, and 
for his {her) salvation : ft 

That he {she) may prove 



< 

3 

-1 
o 



And the Priest pray eth^ secretly. 

O compassionate and merci- 
ful God, who triest the heart 
and the reins, and who alone 
knowest the secret thoughts of 
men (for no deeds are hidden 
before thee, but all things are 
naked and manifest before 
thine eyes) ; Thou who knowest 
all things concerning me, re- 
gard me not with loathing, 
neither turn thou thy face from 
me ; but consider not mine in- 
iquities at this present hour, O 
thou who disregardest man s 
sins unto his repentance. And 
wash away the vileness of my 
body, and the pollution of my 
soul. And sanctify me wholly 
by thine all-perfect, invisible 
might, and by thy spiritual right 
hand ; lest, while I proclaim 
liberty unto others, and admin- 
ister this rite with perfect 
faith in thine unutterable love 
toward mankind, I myself may 
become the base slave of sin. 
Yea, O Master, who alone art 
good and full of love toward 
mankind, let not thy humble 
servant be led astray ; but 
send thou down upon me power 



ft 

3 



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278 



THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 



himself {herself) a child of the 
light, and an heir of eternal 
good things : ft 

That he {she) may be a mem- 
ber and partaker of the death 
and resurrection of Christ our 
God: ft 

That he {she) may preserve 
his baptismal garment and the 
earnest of the Spirit pure and 
undefiled unto the dread Day of 
Christ our God : ft 

That this water may be to 
him {her) a laver of regen- 
eration, unto the remission of 
sins, and a garment of incor- 
ruption : ft 

That the Lord God will 
hearken unto the voice of our 
petition: ft 

That he will deliver him 
{her) and us from all tribulation, 
wrath, peril and necessity : ft 



r 

o 
3- 

3- 
< 

n> 

3 

n> 

5 



from on high, and strengthen 
thou me in the administration 
of thine impending Mystery, 
which is both great and most 
heavenly : and create the image 
of thy Christ in him {her) who 
now desireth to be born again 
through my unworthy ministry. 
And build him {her) up upon 
the foundation of thine Apostles 
and Prophets, that he {she) may 
not be overthrown ; but im- 
plant him {her) firmly as a plant 
of truth, in thy Holy Catholic 
and Apostolic Church, that he 
{she) be not plucked out. That, 
as he {she) increaseth in godli- 
ness, through him {her) may 
be glorified thineall-holy Name, 
of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 



Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

The Priest saith also the following Prayer, but aloud: 

Great art thou, O Lord, and marvellous are thy works, and there is 
no word which sufficeth to hymn thy wonders. {Thrice.) 

For thou, of thine own good will, hast brought into being all things 
which before were not, and by thy might thou upholdest creation, and 
by thy providence thou orderest the world. When thou hadst joined 
together the universe out of four elements, thou didst crown the circle 
of the year with four seasons. Before thee tremble all the Powers en- 
dowed with intelligence. The sun singeth unto thee. The moon glori- 
fieth thee. The stars meet together before thy presence. The light 
obeyeth thee. The deeps tremble before thee. The water-springs are 
subject unto thee. Thou hast spread out the heavens as it were a cur- 
tain. Thou hast established the earth upon the waters. Thou hast set 
round about the sea barriers of sand. Thou hast shed abroad the air 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 279 

for breathing. The Angelic Powers serve thee. The Choirs of the 
Archangels fall down in adoration before thee. The many-eyed Cheru- 
bim and the six-winged Seraphim, as they stand and fly, do veil their 
faces in awe before thine ineffable glory. For thou, who art God inex- 
pressible, existing uncreated before the ages, and ineffable, didst descend 
upon earth, and didst take on the semblance of a servant, and wast 
made in the likeness of man : for, because of the tender compassion of 
thy mercy, O Master, thou couldest not endure to behold mankind 
oppressed by the Devil ; but thou didst come, and didst save us. We con- 
fess thy grace. We proclaim thy mercy. We conceal not thy gracious 
acts. Thou hast delivered the generation of our mortal nature. By thy 
birth thou didst sanctify a Virgin's womb. All creation magnifieth thee, 
who hast manifested thyself. For thou, O our God hast revealed thy- 
self upon earth, and hast dwelt among men. Thou didst hallow the 
streams of Jordan, sending down upon them from heaven thy Holy 
Spirit, and didst crush the heads of the dragons who lurked there. 

Wherefore, O King who lovest mankind, come thou now and sanc- 
tify this water, by the indwelling of thy Holy Spirit. (Thrice.) 

And grant unto it the grace of redemption, the blessing of Jordan. 
Make it the fountain of incorruption, the gift of sanctification, the 
remission of sins, the remedy of infirmities; the final destruction of 
demons, unassailable by hostile powers, filled with angelic might. Let 
those who would ensnare thy creature flee far from it For we have 
called upon thy Name, O Lord, and it is wonderful, and glorious, and 
terrible unto adversaries. 

Then he signeth the water thrice with the sign of the cross y dipping his fingers 
therein. And breathing upon tt, he saith : 

Let all adverse powers be crushed beneath the sign of the image of 
thy cross. ( Thrice.) 

We pray thee, O God, that every aerial and obscure phantom may 
withdraw itself from us ; and that no demon of darkness may conceal 
himself in this water ; and that no evil spirit which instilleth darken- 
ing of intentions and rebelliousness of thought may descend into it with 
him (her) who is about to be baptized. 

But do thou, O Master of all, show this water to.be the water of re- 
demption, the water of sanctification, the purification of flesh and 
spirit, the loosing of bonds, the remission of sins, the illumination of 
the soul, the laver of regeneration, the renewal of the Spirit, the gift 
of adoption to sonship, the garment of incorruption, the fountain of 
life. For thou hast said, O Lord : Wash ye, be ye clean ; put away 
evil things from your souls. Thou hast bestowed upon us from on 
high a new birth through water and the Spirit. Wherefore, O Lord, 
manifest thyself in this water, and grant that he (she) who is baptized 
♦therein may be transformed ; that he (she) may put away from him {her) 
the old man, which is corrupt through the lusts of the flesh, and that 



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280 THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 

he {she) may be clothed upon with the new man, and renewed after the 
image of him who created him {her) : that being buried, after the pat- 
tern of thy death, in baptism, he {she) may, in like manner, be a partaker 
of thy Resurrection ; and having preserved the gift of thy Holy Spirit, 
and increased the measure of grace committed unto him {her\ he {she) 
may receive the prize of his {her) high calling, and be numbered with 
the first-born whose names are written in heaven, in thee, our God and 
Lord, Jesus Christ For unto thee are due glory, dominion, honour and 
worship, together with thy Father, who is from everlasting, and thine 
all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages, Amen. 

Peace be with you all. 

Bow your heads unto the Lord 

And he breatheth thrice upon the vessel containing the oil, and maketh thrice 
over it the sign of the cross, as it is held by the Deacon. And when the Dea- 
con hath said: 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

The Priest saith the following Prayer; 

O Lord and Master, the God of our fathers, who didst send unto 
them that were in the ark of Noah thy dove, bearing in its beak a twig 
of olive, the token of reconciliation and of salvation from the flood, the 
foreshadowing of the mystery of grace ; and didst provide the fruit of 
the olive for the fulfilling of thy Holy Mysteries ; who thereby fillest 
them that were under the Law with thy Holy Spirit, and perfectest 
them that are under grace : Bless also this holy oil with the power, and 
operation and indwelling of thy Holy Spirit, that it may be an anoint- 
ing unto incorruption, an armour of righteousness, to the renewing of 
soul and body, to the averting of every assault of the devil, to deliver- 
ance from all evil of those who shall be anointed therewith in faith, or 
who are partakers thereof ; unto thy glory and the glory of thine Only- 
begotten Son, and of thine all-holy*, and good, and life-giving Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Then the Priest, singing Alleluia (thrice), with the People, maketh three signs 
of the cross in the water with the oil. And he saith ; 

Blessed is God, who illumineth and sanctifieth every man that 
cometh into the world, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

Then the Person who hath been baptised is presented. The Priest taketh of the 
oil with two fingers, and maketh the sign of the cross upon his brow, his 
breast, and between his shoulders, saying ; 

The servant of God, N., is anointed with the oil of gladness; (5) in| 
the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit* Amen. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 281 

And he anointeth his breast and shoulders. On the breast^ saying : 

Unto the healing of soul and body. 

On the ears. 

Unto the hearing of faith. 

On the hands. 

Thy hands have made me and fashioned me. 

On the feet. 

That he may walk in the way of thy commandments. 

And when his whole body is thus anointed, the Priest baptiseth him, holding him 
upright, and looking toward the east, as he saith : 

The servant of God, N., is baptized, in the name of the Father, 
Amen. And of the Son, Amen. And of the Holy Spirit, Amen. 

At each invocation he immerseth him, and raiseth him again. And after the Bap- 
tism the Priest washeth his hands, singing with the People Psalm xxxii. 

Blessed is he whose unrighteousness is forgiven, and whose sin is 
covered. Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth no sin, and 
in whose spirit there is no guile. For whilst I held my tongue, my bones 
consumed away through my daily complaining. For thy hand is heavy 
upon me day and night, and my moisture is like the drought in sum- 
mer. I will acknowledge my sin unto thee; and mine unrighteousness 
have I not hid. I said, I will confess my sins unto the Lord ; and so 
thou forgavest the wickedness of my sin. For this shall every one that 
is godly make his prayer unto thee, in a time when thou mayest be found ; 
but in the great water-floods they shall not come nigh him. Thou art 
a place to hide me in ; thou shalt preserve me from trouble ; thou shalt 
compass me about with songs of deliverance. I will inform thee, and 
teach thee in the way wherein thou shalt go ; and I will guide thee 
with mine eye. Be ye not like to horse and mule, which have no 
understanding ; whose mouths must be held with bit and bridle, lest 
they fall upon thee. Great plagues remain for the ungodly ; but whoso 
putteth his trust in the Lord, mercy embraceth him on every side. 
Be glad, O ye righteous, and rejoice in the Lord ; and be joyful, all 
ye that are true of heart. 

Then, as he putteth his garment upon him, the Priest saith : 

The servant of God, N., is clothed with the robe of righteousness; 
in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit 
Amen. 

Then shall be sung the following Hymn ( Tropdr\ in Tone VIII. 
Vouchsafe unto me the robe of light, O thou who clothest thyself 
with light as with a garment, O Christ our God, plenteous in mercy. 



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282 THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 

THE OFFICE OF HOLY CHRISMATION 

And when he hath put the garment on him the Priest prayeth thus: 

Blessed art thou, O Lord God Almighty, Source of all good things, 
Sun of Righteousness, who sheddest forth upon them that were in 
darkness the light of salvation, through the manifestation of thine Only- 
begotten Son and our God ; and who hast given unto us, unworthy 
though we be, blessed purification through hallowed water, and divine 
sanctification through life-giving Chrismation ; who now, also, hast been 
graciously pleased to regenerate thy servant that hath newly received 
Illumination, by water and the Spirit, and grantest unto him {fur) remis- 
sion of sins, whether voluntary or involuntary. Do thou, the same Mas- 
ter, compassionate King of kings, grant also unto him {her) the seal of 
the gift of thy holy, and almighty, and adorable Spirit, and participation 
in the holy Body and the precious Blood of thy Christ. Keep him {her) 
in thy sanctification ; confirm him {her) in the Orthodox faith ; deliver 
him {her) from the Evil One, and from the machinations of the same 
And preserve his {her) soul in purity and uprightness, through the 
saving fear of thee ; that he {she) may please thee in every deed and 
word, and may be a child and heir of thy heavenly kingdom. 

Exclamation. 

For thou art our God, the God who showeth mercy and saveth ; and 
unto thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And after this Prayer he anointeth with the holy Chrism (6) the person who hath 
been baptized, making the sign of the cross : On the brow, ana on the eyes, and 
the nostrils, and the lips, and on both ears, and the breast, and the hands, and 
the feet, sayings each time : 

The seal of the gift of the Holy Spirit. Amen. 

Then the Priest, accompanied by the Sponsors, bearing the Infant, maketh the 
circuit of the Font (7) And all sing ; 

As many as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 
Alleluia. {Thrice,) 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Gradual {Prokimen), in the Third Tone. The Lord ts 
my light and my salvation : whom then shall I fear ? 

Verse: The Lord is the strength of my life: of whom then shall I 
be afraid ? 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Romans. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 283 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Reader. {Rom. vi. J-//.) Brethren: Know ye not that so many of us 
as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death ? There- 
fore we are buried with him by baptism into death : that like as Christ 
was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also 
should walk in newness of life. For if we have been planted together 
in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resur- 
rection : knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the 
body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve 
sin. For he that is dead is freed from sin. Now, if we be dead with 
Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him : knowing that Christ, 
being raised from the dead, dieth no more; death hath no more 
dominion over him. For in that he died, he died unto sin once : but in 
that he liveth, he liveth unto God. Likewise reckon ye also yourselves 
to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ 
our Lord 

Priest Peace be unto thee. 

Reader. And to thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom! 

Reader. Alleluia 

Deacon. Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit 

Priest. The Lesson from the holy Gospel according to Matthew. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

DAacon. Let us attend. 

Priest. {Matt, xxviii. 16-20.) Then the eleven disciples went away 
into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them. And 
when they saw him, they worshipped him : but some doubted. And Jesus 
came, and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven 
and in earth. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them 
in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost ; 
teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you : 
and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen. 

Chair. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

+ 

Then shall be said the Litany {usually omitted). 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, we 
beseech thee : hearken, and have mercy. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Furthermore we pray for mercy, life, peace, health, salvation and 
remission of sins of the servant of God, N., the Sponsor. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Furthermore we pray for the newly-illumined servant of God, N. 



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284 THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

That he may be kept in the faith of a pure confession, in all godli- 
ness, and in the fulfilling of the commandments of Christ all the days 
of his life. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest. Glory to thee, O Christ-God our hope ; glory to thee. 

Choir. Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Bless. 

And the Priest bestoweth the Benediction (usually omitted). 

May Christ, our true God, through the prayers of his all-pure Mother ; 
of the holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostles ; of Saint N. {the Patron 
Saint of the Temple) ; of Saint N. {the Saint of the day) ; of the holy 
and righteous ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna ; and of all the 
Saints, have mercy upon us and save us, in that he is good and loveth 
mankind. 

And on the eighth day the Baptized Person is brought again to the church for 
Ablution. (8) And the Priest looseth his girdle and his garment, saying this 
Prayer which followeth ; 



Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

O thou who, through holy Baptism, hast given unto thy servant remis- 
sion of sins, and hast bestowed upon him {her) a life of regeneration : 
Do thou, the same Lord and Master, ever graciously illumine his {her) 
heart with the light of thy countenance. Maintain the shield of his {her) 
faith unassailed by the enemy. Preserve pure and unpolluted the gar- 
ment of incorruption wherewith thou hast endued him {her), upholding 
inviolate in him {her), by thy grace, the seal of the Spirit, and showing 
mercy unto him {her) and unto us, through the multitude of thy 
mercies. j 

For blessed and glorified is thine all-honourable and majestic Name, 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, j 
and unto ages of ages. i 

Choir. Amen. j 

A Second Prayer. 

Let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

O Master, Lord our God, who through the Font bestowest heavenly 
Illumination upon them that are baptized; who hast regenerated thy 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 285 

newly-baptized servant by water and the Spirit, and hast granted unto 
him {her) remission of his {her) sins, whether voluntary or involuntary : 
Lay thine almighty hand upon him {her) and preserve him {her) by the 
power of thy goodness. Maintain unassailed the earnest of the Spirit, 
and make him {her) worthy of life everlasting, and of thy favour. 

For thou art our sanctification, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to 
the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen, 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Priest. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Priest. He (she) who hath put on thee, O Christ our God, boweth 
also his {her) head with us, unto thee. Keep him {her) ever a warrior 
invincible in every attack of those who assail him {her) and us ; and 
make us all victors, even unto the end, through thy crown incorruptible. 
For thine it is to show mercy and to save us, and unto thee do we 
ascribe glory, together with thy Father who is from everlasting, and 
thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then the Priest dippeth the sponge in pure water, and sprinkleth the child, say- 
ing: 

Thou art justified. Thou art illumined. Thou art sanctified. Thou 
art washed : (9) in the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by the Spirit 
of our God. 

And with the sponge he washeth the face and head of the child therewith, and 
his breast, and the rest, saying : 

Thou art baptized. Thou art illumined. Thou hast received anoint- 
ment with the holy Chrism. Thou art sanctified. Thou art washed : 
in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 
Amen. 

Prayer at the cutting of the hair. (10) 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Master, Lord our God, who hast honoured man with thine own 
image, thou hast fashioned him from a speech-endowed (2) soul and a 
comely body (inasmuch as the body serveth the speech-endowed soul) : 
for thou didst set the head on high, and endow it with the chiefest 
portion of the senses, which, nevertheless, impede not one another: 
and thou hast covered the head with hair, that it be not injured with 
the changes of the weather, and hast fitly joined together all his mem- 
bers, that with them all he may give thanks unto thee, the Great 
Artificer. Thou, the same Master, through thy chosen vessel, the 



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286 THE OFFICE OF HOLY BAPTISM 

Apostle Paul, hast given us a commandment that we should do all 
things to thy glory : Bless, now, thy servant, N., who is come to make 
a first offering shorn from the hair of his head, and likewise his 
Sponsor ; and grant that they may all exercise themselves in thy law, 
and do those things which are well pleasing in thy sight 

For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir To thee, O Lord. 

Then the Priest shall recite this Prayer. 

O Lord our God, who, through the fulfilling of the baptismal font, by 
thy goodness dost sanctify them that believe on thee: Bless this child 
here present, and let thy blessing descend upon his {her) head And as 
thou didst bless David the King by the hand of thy Prophet Samuel, bless 
also the head of thy servant, N., by the hand of me, a sinner, inspiring 
him {her) with thy Holy Spirit ; that as he {she) increaseth in stature, 
and even unto hoary old age, he {she) may ascribe glory unto thee, and 
behold the good things of Jerusalem all the days of his {her) life 

For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then he skeareth the hair in the form of a cross, saying: 

N., the servant of God, is shorn : In the Name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, 
we beseech thee : hearken, and have mercy. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Furthermore we pray for the newly-illumined servant of God, N. & 

That he {she) may be kept in the faith of a pure confession, in all 
godliness, and the fulfilling of the commandments of Christ, all the days 
of his {her) life. # 

For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

And he maketh the customary Benediction. (See page 2S4.) 



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THE RITE OF CONFESSION 

The Spiritual Father leadeth the Person who desireth to con/ess before the holy 
image (ikdna) of our Lord Jesus Christ-Not-made-with-Hands. And he saith : 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon us. 
{Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our sins. 
O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal our 
infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord,, have mercy. ( Thrice.) 

Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy kingdom 
come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this day 
our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us worship 
and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. {Three 
reverences.) 

Psalm li. 

Have mercy upon me, O God, after thy great goodness ; according 
to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences. Wash me 
throughly from my wickedness ; and cleanse me from my sin. For I 
acknowledge my faults, and my sin is ever before me. Against thee 
only have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight ; that thou mightest 
be justified in thy saying, and clear when thou art judged. Behold, I was 
shapen in wickedness ; and in sin hath my mother conceived me. But 
lo, thou requirest truth in the inward parts ; and shalt make me to un- 
derstand wisdom secretly. Thou shalt purge me with hyssop, and I shall 
be clean : thou shalt wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Thou 
shalt make me hear of joy and gladness ; that the bones which thou hast 
broken may rejoice. Turn thy face from my sins, and put out all my mis- 
deeds. Make me a clean heart, O God ; and renew a right spirit within 
me. Cast me not away from thy presence ; and take not thy holy Spirit 
from me. O give me the comfort of thy help again ; and stablish me 



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288 THE RITE OF CONFESSION 

with thy free Spirit Then shall I teach thy ways unto the wicked ; and 
sinners shall be converted unto thee. Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, 
O God, thou that art the God of my health ; and my tongue shall sing 
of thy righteousness. Thou shalt open my lips, O Lord ; and my mouth 
shall show thy praise. For thou desirest no sacrifice, else would I give 
it thee : but thou delightest not in burnt-offerings. The sacrifice of God 
is a troubled spirit : a broken and contrite heart, O God, shalt thou not 
despise. O be favourable and gracious unto Sion : build thou the walls 
of Jerusalem. Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifice of right- 
eousness, with the burnt-offerings and oblations : then shall they offer 
young bullocks upon thine altar. 

And the following Hymns {Tropari), in Tom VI. : 

Have mercy upon us, O God, have mercy upon us. For in that we 
sinners are devoid of all defence, we offer unto thee, as to our Master, 
this supplication : Have mercy upon us. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Have mercy upon us, O Lord, for in thee have we trusted, and be not 
very wroth with us, neither call thou to remembrance, our iniquities; 
but look down even now upon us, inasmuch as thou art of tender com- 1 
passion, and deliver us from our enemies ; for thou art our God, and 
we are thy people, we are all the works of thy hand, and we call upon 
thy Name. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Open unto us the door of thy loving-kindness, O blessed Birth-giver 
of God. In that we set our hope on thee may we not fail, but through 
thee may we be delivered from all adversities ; for thou art the salva- 
tion of all Christian people. 

Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times,) 

Then the Priest saith : 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O God our Saviour, who by thy Prophet Nathan didst grant unto re- 
pentant David pardon of his transgressions, and didst accept Manasses' 
prayer of penitence : Do thou, with thy wonted love towards mankind, 
accept also thy servant, N., who repenteth him {her) of the sins which 
he {she) hath committed ; overlooking all that he {she) hath done, par- 
doning his {her) offences, and passing by his {her) iniquities. For thou 
hast said, O Lord : With desire have I desired not the death of a sin- 
ner, but rather that he should turn from the wickedness which he hath 
committed, and live ; and that even unto seventy times seven, sins 
ought to be forgiven ; forasmuch as thy majesty is incomparable, and 
thy mercy is illimitable. For if thou shouldest regard iniquity, who 
should stand ? For thou art the God of the penitent, and unto thee 
do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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THE RITE OF CONFESSION 289 

Then another Prayer : 

Let us pray to the Lord 

O Lord Jesus Christ, Son of thy living God, both Shepherd and Lamb, 
who takest away the sins of the world ; who didst remit the loan unto 
the two debtors, and didst vouchsafe to the woman who was a sinner 
the remission of her sins : Do thou, the same Lord, loose, remit, forgive 
the sins, transgressions and iniquities, whether voluntary or involuntary, 
whether of wilfulness or of ignorance, which have been committed unto 
guilt and disobedience by these thy servants. And if they, bearing 
flesh and dwelling in the world, in that they are men, have in any way 
been beguiled of the devil ; if in word or deed, whether wittingly or 
unwittingly, they have sinned, either contemning the word of a pnest, 
or falling under his anathema, or have broken their oath : Do thou, 
the same Master, in that thou art good and cherishest not ill-will, 
graciously grant unto these thy servants the word of absolution, remit- 
ting unto them their anathema and oath, according to thy great mercy. 
Yea, O Lord and Master, who lovest mankind, hear thou us who make 
our petitions unto thy goodness on behalf of these thy servants, and 
disregard thou all their errors, inasmuch as thou art exceedingly merci- 
ful ; and loose them from punishment eternal. For thou hast said, O 
Master : Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, 
and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. 

For thou alone art without sin, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to 
the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then shall the Priest say to the Penitent : 

Behold, my child, Christ standeth here invisibly, and receiveth thy 
confession : wherefore, be not ashamed, neither be afraid, and con- 
ceal thou nothing from me : but tell me, doubting not, all things which 
thou hast done ; and so shalt thou have pardon from our Lord Jesus 
Christ. Lo,his holy image is before us : and I am but a witness, bearing 
testimony before him of all things which thou dost say to me. But if 
thou shalt conceal anything from me, thou shalt have the greater sin. 
Take heed, therefore, lest, having come to the physician, thou depart 
unhealed. 

And then shall he question him diligently, point by pointy and shall await 
his reply to every question. And first of all he shall inquire concerning his 
faith : 

Tell me, my child, dost thou believe that which hath been transmitted 
and is taught by the Catholic, Apostolic Church, which was planted and 
nurtured in the East, and hath spread from the East throughout the 
world, and which abideth even unto this day, immovable and unchange- 
able ? And dost thou doubt any of her doctrines ? 



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290 THE RITE OF CONFESSION 

And if he believeth rightly and undoubtingly he shall repeat The Symbol or 
the Faith : 

I believe in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth, And of all things visible and invisible : 

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, Be- 
gotten of his Father before all worlds ; Light of Light, Very God of 
very God, Begotten, not made ; Being of one Essence with the Father; 
By whom all things were made ; Who, for us men, and for our salvation, 
came down from heaven, And was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the 
Virgin Mary, And was made man. And was crucified also for us under 
Pontius Pilate, and suffered and was buried And the third day he rose 
again, according to the Scriptures. And ascended into heaven, And 
sitteth on the right hand of the Father. And he shall come again with 
glory to judge both the quick and the dead ; Whose kingdom shall have 
no end. 

And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life, Who proceedeth 
from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son together is wor- 
shipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets. In one Holy Catholic 
and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of 
sins. I look for the Resurrection of the dead, And the Life of the 
world to come. Amen. 

And when he hath finished, the Priest shall interrogate him in detail. 

Note. The Priest doth not use the questions of olden days, which are still re- 
tained in the Ritual, but interrogated the Penitent discreetly ; and at the last, 
when he hath questioned him concerning the seven deadly stns, he saith the fol- 
lowing Exhortation : 

In all these points thou must henceforth be upon thy guard For 
thou hast received a second Baptism, according to the Christian Mys- 
tery. And thou must see to it that, God helping, thou make a good 
beginning. But, above all, thou must not bear thyself lightly towards 
these things, lest thou become a cause of scorn to men ; for these things 
do not befit a Christian. But may God, by his grace, aid thee to live 
honourably, uprightly and devoutly. 

And when the Priest hath said all these things unto him; and when he hath 
revealed all things concerning himself concealing nothing, the Priest shall say 
to him : 

Kneel down. 

Then the Personrwho hath made his Confession boweth his head* and the Confes- 
sor reciteth this Prayer: 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Lord God of the salvation of thy servants, gracious, bountiful and 
long-suffering, who repentest thee concerning our evil deeds, and desirest 
not the death of a sinner, but rather that he should turn from his wick- 
edness and live : Show thy mercy now upon thy servant, N., and grant 



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THE RITE OF CONFESSION 291 

unto him {her) an image of repentance, forgiveness of sins, and deliver- 
ance, pardoning his (her) every transgression, whether voluntary or in- 
voluntary. Reconcile and unite him (Iter) unto thy holy Church, through 
Jesus Christ our Lord, with whom also are due unto thee dominion 
and majesty, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

After this Prayer the Priest pronounceth the Absolution over the Penitent \ who 
kneeleth humbly, saying as follows, in completion of the Holy Sacrament of 
Confession : 

May our Lord and God Jesus Christ, through the grace and bounties 
of his love towards mankind, forgive thee, my child, N., all thy trans- 
gressions. And I, his unworthy Priest, through the power given unto 
me by him, do forgive and absolve thee from all thy sins, in the Name 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen. 

And having finished the Absolution, the Priest maketh with his hand over the 
Penitent the sign of the cross. 



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THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY* 

THE BETROTHAL SERVICE 

After the Divine Liturgy, the Priest being in the Temple, those who desire to be 
joined together take their stand before the lectern . The two rings lie on 4he right- 
hand side of the Holy Altar. The Priest maketh, thrice, the sign of the cross 
over the heads of the bridal pair; andgiveth them lighted tapers, (i) And the 
Deacon saith : 

Bless, Master. 

Priest Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. In peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the servant of God, N., and for the handmaid of God, N., 
who now plight each other their troth, and for their salva- 
tion : Ifc 

That there may be granted unto them children for the con- 
tinuation of their race, and all their petitions which are unto sal- 
vation : R 

That he will 'send down upon them perfect and peaceful love, 
and succour : I£ 

That he will preserve them in oneness of mind, and in stead- 
fastness of faith : 1$ 

That he will bless them with a blameless life : 1$ 

That the Lord our God will grant unto them an honourable 
marriage, and a bed undefiled : % 

That he will deliver us from all tribulation, wrath, peril and 
necessity: Tfc 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Priest. For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



S3 

"a- 5 

» ST 



Appendix B, VII. 



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THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 293 

O eternal God, who hast brought into unity those who were sun- 
dered, and hast ordained for them an indissoluble bond of love; who 
didst bless Isaac and Rebecca, and didst make them heirs of thy pro- 
mise : Bless also these thy servants, N. and N., guiding them unto every 
good wort For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto 
thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest. Peace be with you alL 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir To thee, O Lord. 

Priest. O Lord our God, who hast espoused the Church as a pure 
Virgin from among the Gentiles : Bless this Betrothal, and unite and 
maintain these thy servants in peace and oneness of mind. 

For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the Father, 
and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Choir. Amen. • . 

Then taking the rings, the Priest blesseth the bridal pair therewith, making the 
sign of the cross with the ring of the Bride over the Bridegroom, and with that 
of the Bridegroom over the Bride, sqying'to the Man ; (2) 

The servant of God, N., is betrothed to the handmaid of God, N.: In 
the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 
Amen. 

And to the Woman : 

The handmaid of God, N., is betrothed to the servant of God, N.: In 
the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 
Amen. 

And when he hath spoken thus to each one thrice, he piaceth the rings on their 
right hands. Then the bridal pair exchange the rings, and the Priest saith 
the following Prayer: 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

O Lord our God, who didst accompany the servant of the patriarch 
Abraham into Mesopotamia, when he was sent to espouse a wife for his 
lord Isaac ; and who, by means of the drawing of water, didst reveal 
unto him that he should betroth Rebecca: Do thou, the same Lord, 
bless also the betrothal of these thy servants, N. and N., and confirm 
the word which they have spoken. Establish them in the holy union 
which is from thee. For thou, in the beginning, didst make them male 
and female, and by thee is the woman joined unto the man as a helpmeet, 
and for the procreation of the human race. Wherefore, O Lord our God, 
who hast sent forth thy truth upon thine inheritance, and thy covenant 
unto thy servants our fathers, even thine elect, from generation to 
generation : Lookthou upQn thy servant, N., and upon thy handmaid, N., 



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29* THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 

and establish and make stable their betrothal in faith, and in oneness 
of mind, in truth and in love. For thou, O Lord, hast declared that a 
pledge should be given and confirmed in all things. By a ring was 
power given unto Joseph in Egypt ; by a ring was Daniel glorified in 
the land of Babylon ; by a ring was the uprightness of Tamar revealed ; 
by a ring did our heavenly Father show forth his bounty upon his Son ; 
for he saith : Put a ring on his hand, and bring hither the fatted calf, and 
kill it, and eat, and make merry. By thine own right hand, O Lord, didst 
thou arm Moses in the Red Sea ; by the word of thy truth were the 
heavens established, and the foundations of the earth were made firm ; 
and the right hands of thy servants shall be blessed also by thy mighty 
word, and by thine upraised arm. Wherefore, O Lord, do thou now bless 
this putting-on of rings with thy heavenly benediction : and let thine 
Angel go before them all the days of their life. 

For thou art he who blesseth and sanctifieth all things, and unto thee 
do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



THE ORDER OF MARRIAGE, OR OF CROWNING (3) 

Priest and Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord our God ; glory to thee. 

Blessed are all they that fear the Lord, ft 

All they who walk in his paths, ft 

Thou shalt eat of the fruit of thy labours, ft 

blessed art thou, and happy shalt thou be. ft 

Thy wife shall be as the fruitful vine upon the walls of thine house, ft 
Thy children like a newly-planted olive-orchard round about thy 

table, ft 

Lo, thus shall the man be blessed that feareth the Lord, ft 

The Lord in Zion shall so bless thee, that thou shalt see the good 

things of Jerusalem all thy life long, ft 

Yea, that thou shalt see thy children's children, and peace upon 

Israel, ft 

Then the Priest shall make them an exhortation^ telling them wherein the Sacra- 
ment of Marriage consislelh, and how they ought to live godly and uprightly in 
the wedded state. And when his exhortation ts finished^ the Priest snalTinqvire 
of the Bridegroom^ saying : 

Hast thou, N., a good, free and unconstrained will and a firm intention 
to take unto thyself to w\fe this woman, N., whom thou seest here 
before thee ? 

And the Bridegroom maketh answer : 

1 have, reverend Father. 

Priest Thou hast not promised thyself to any other bride ? 
The Bridegroom. I have not promised myself, reverend Father. 



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THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 295 

And straightway the Priest, looking at the Bride, shall inquire of her, saying: 

Hast thou, N., a good, free and unconstrained will and a firm inten- 
tion to take unto thyself to husband this man, N., whom thou seest 
here before thee ? 

And the Bride maketh answer, saying : 

I have, reverend Father. 

Priest Thou hast not promised thyself to any other man ? 

The Bride, I have not promised myself, reverend Father. 

Then the Deacon saith : 

Bless, Master. 

Priest. Blessed is the kingdom of the Father, and of the Son, and 
of the Holy Spirit always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. In peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the servants of God, N. and N., who are now being united 
to each other in the community of marriage, and for their salva- 
tion : ft 

That he will bless this marriage, as he blessed that in Cana of 
Galilee: ft 

That he will grant unto them chastity, and of the fruit of the 
womb as is expedient for them : ft 

That he will make them glad with the sight of sons and 
daughters : ft 

That he will grant unto them the procreation of virtuous off- 
spring, and an upright life : ft 

That he will grant to them and to us all our petitions which 
are unto salvation : ft 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Priest. For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Then the Priest reciteth, aloud, the following Prayer : 

O God most pure, the Creator of every living thing, thou didst 



§5 



tro 
S sr 

3 r 

a o 



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296 THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 

transform the rib of our forefather Adam into a wife, because of thy 
love towards mankind, and didst bless them, and say qnto them : In- 
crease, and multiply, and have dominion over the earth; and didst 
make of the twain one flesh : for which cause a man shall leave his 
father and mother and cleave unto his wife, and the two shall be one 
flesh : and what God hath joined together, that let no man put asunder. 
Thou who didst bless thy servant Abraham, and opening the womb 
of Sarah didst make him to be the father of many nations ; who didst 
give Isaac to Rebecca, and didst bless her in child-bearing; who didst 
join Jacob unto Rachel, and from that union didst make known the 
twelve Patriarchs; who didst write Joseph and Asenath, giving unto 
them as the fruit of their procreation Ephraim and Manasses ; who 
didst accept Zacharias and Elizabeth, and didst make their offspring 
to be the Forerunner ; who, from the Root of Jesse according to the 
flesh, didst bud forth the ever-Virgin One, and wast incarnate of her ; 
and wast born of her for the redemption of the human race; who, 
through thine unutterable gift and manifold goodness didst come to 
Cana of Galilee, and didst bless the marriage there, that thou mightest 
make manifest that it is thy will that there should be lawful marriage 
and the begetting of children : Do thou, the same all-holy Master, ac- 
cept the prayer of us thy servants. As thou wert present there, so 
likewise be thou present here, with thine invisible protection. Bless 
this marriage, and vouchsafe unto these thy servants, N. and N., a 
peaceful life, length of days, chastity, mutual love in the bond of peace, 
long-lived seed, gratitude from their posterity, a crown of glory which 
fadeth not away. Graciously grant that they may behold their children's 
children. Preserve their bed unassailed, and give them of the dew of 
heaven from on high, and of the fatness of the earth. Fill their houses 
with wheat, and wine, and oil, and with every beneficence, that they may 
bestow in turn upon the needy; granting also unto those who are here 
present with them all those petitions which are for their salvation. 

For thou art the God of mercies, and bounties, and love towards 
mankind, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Then the Priest reciteth, aloud, the following Prayer : 

Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, the Priest of mystical and pure 
marriage, and the Ordainer of the law of the marriage of the body, 
the Preserver of immortality, and the Provider of good things ; do thou, 
the same Master, who in the beginning didst make man and set him to 
be, as it were, a King over thy creation, and didst say : It is not good 
for man to be alone on the earth; let us make a helpmeet for him ; and 
taking one of his ribs didst fashion Woman, which when Adam beheld, 



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THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 



*# 



he said : This is now bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh ; she shjH 
be called Woman, for she was taken out of man ; for this cause shali a 
man leave father and mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and th<e 
twain shall be one flesh ; and those whom God hath joined together let 
no man put asunder : — Do thou now also, O Master, our Lord and our 
God, send down thy heavenly grace upon these thy servants, N. and 
N. ; and grant that this thy handmaid may, in all things, be subject 
unto her husband ; and that this thy servant may be the head of his 
wife, that they may live according to thy wilL Bless them, O Lord our 
God, as thou didst bless Abraham and Sarah : Bless them, O Lord our 
God, as thou didst bless Isaac and Rebecca : Bless them, O Lord 
our God, as thou didst bless Jacob and all the patriarchs : Bless 
them, O Lord our God, as thou didst bless Joseph and Asenath : 
Bless them, O Lord our God, as thou didst bless Moses and Sepphora: 
Bless them, O Lord our God, as thou didst bless Joachim and Anna: 
Bless them, O Lord our God, as thou didst bless Zacharias and Eliza- 
beth : Preserve them, O Lord our God, as thou didst preserve Noah in 
the ark : Preserve them, O Lord our God, as thou didst preserve Jonah 
in the belly of the whale : Preserve them, O Lord our God, as thou 
didst preserve the three Holy Children from the fire, sending down 
upon them dew from heaven ; and let that gladness come upon them 
which the blessed Helena had when she found the precious Cross. 
Remember them, O Lord our God, as thou didst remember Enoch, 
Shem, Elijah : Remember them, O Lord our God, as thou didst remem- 
ber thy Forty Holy Martyrs, sending down upon them crowns from 
heaven : Remember them, O Lord our God, and the parents who have 
nurtured them ; for the prayers of parents make firm the foundations 
of houses. Remember, O Lord our God, thy servants the groomsman 
and the bridesmaid of the bridal pair,-who are come together in this 
joy. Remember, O Lord our God, thy servant, N., and thy handmaid, 
N., and bless them. Grant them of the fruit of their bodies, fair chil- 
dren, concord of soul and of body : Exalt them like the cedars of 
Lebanon, like a luxuriant vine. Give them seed in number like unto 
the full ears of grain ; that, having sufficiency in all things, they may 
abound in every work that is good and acceptable unto thee. And let 
them behold their children's children, like a newly-planted olive-orchard, 
round about their table; that, obtaining favour in thy sight, they may 
shine like the stars of heaven, in thee, our God. For unto thee are 
due all glory, honour and worship, to the Father, and to the Son, and to 
the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Qwir. Lord, have mercy. 

And again the Priest pray eth^ aloud, as followeth : 

O holy God, who didst create man out of the dust, and didst fashion 
his wife out of his rib, and didst yoke her unto him as a helpmeet ; for 



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$8 THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 

it Seemed good to thy majesty that man should not be alone upon 
earth : Do thou, the same Lord, stretch out now also thy hand from 
tJiy holy dwelling-place, and conjoin this thy servant, N., and this thy 
handmaid, N. ; for by thee is the husband united unto the wife Unite 
them in one mind: wed them. into one flesh, granting unto them of the 
fruit of the body and the procreation of fair children. 

For thine is the m*ajesty, and thine are the kingdom and the power 
and the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Choir. Amen. 

And after the Amen, the Priest taketh the crowns (4), and crowneth first the 
Bridegroom, saying : 

The servant of God, N., is crowned unto the handmaid of God, N. : 
In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 

Choir. Amen. 

In like manner he then crowneth the Bride, saying : 
' The servant of God, N., is crowned unto the servant of God, N. : In 
the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then he blesseth them thrice, saying, thrice : 

O Lord our God, crown them with glory and honour. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Priest. Peace be with you all 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Gradual {Prokimen\ in Tone VIII. Thou hast set upon 
their heads crowns of precious stones ; they asked life of thee, and 
thou gavest it them. 

Verse: For thou wilt give them thy blessing forever and ever: thou 
wilt make them to rejoice with gladness through thy presence. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Ephesians. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Reader. (Eph. v. 20-33.) Brethren : Give thanks always for all things 
unto God and the Father, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ ; sub- 
mitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God. Wives, submit 
yourselves unto your own husbands, as unto the Lord. For the husband 
is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church : and 
he is the Saviour of the body. Therefore as the church is subject unto 
Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in everything. Hus- 
bands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave 
himself for it ; that he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing 
of water by the word, that he might present it to himself a glorious 
church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing ; but that it should 
be holy and without blemish. So ought men to love their wives, as their 



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THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 299/ 

own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. For no man ever 
yet hated his own flesh ; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the 
Lord the church : for we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of 
his bones. For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and 
shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. This is 
a great mystery : but I speak concerning Christ and the church. Never- 
theless, let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as him- 
self : and the wife see that she reverence her husband. 

Priest* Peace be unto thee. 

Reader. And to thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. Alleluia. 

Deacon. Wisdom, O believers! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel. 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Priest The Lesson from the holy Gospel according to John. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Deacon. Let us attend. . 

{John ii. 1-12.) And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of 
Galilee ; and the mother of Jesus was there. And both Jesus was called, 
and his disciples, to the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the 
mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. Jesus saith unto 
her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. 
His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do 
it. And there were set there six water-pots of stone, after the manner 
of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece. 
Jesus saith unto them, Fill the water-pots with water. And they filled 
them up to the brim. And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear 
unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it. When the ruler of the 
feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence 
it was (but the servants which drew the water knew), the governor of 
the feast called the bridegroom, and saith unto him, Every man at the 
beginning doth set forth good wine ; and when men have well drunk, 
then that which is worse : but thou hast kept the good wine until now. 
This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested 
forth his glory ; and his disciples believed on him. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Deacon. Let us all say, with all our soul and with' all our mind let 
us say : flfe 

O Lord Almighty, the God of our fathers, we beseech thee : 
hearken, and have mercy : flfe 

Have mercy upon us according to thy great mercy, we beseech 
thee : hearken, and have mercy : IJs 

Furthermore we pray for mercy, life, peace, health, salvation 
and visitation for the servants of God, N. and N. {and he also 
maketh mention of whomsoever else he wilt) : $ 



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300 THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 

Priest. For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto 
thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 
ifloly Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
/ Choir. Amen. 

And the Priest recite th this Prayer. 

O Lord our God, who in thy saving providence didst vouchsafe by 
thy presence in Cana of Galilee to declare marriage honourable : Do 
thou, the same Lord, now also maintain in peace and concord thy ser- 
vants, N. and N., whom it hath pleased thee to join together. Cause 
their marriage to be honourable. Preserve their bed blameless. Merci- 
fully grant that they may live together in purity ; and enable them to 
attain to a ripe old age, walking in thy commandments with a pure 
heart. 

For thou art our God, the God whose property it is to show mercy 
and to save, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, 
God, by thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Deacon. A day all-perfect, holy, peaceful and sinless : ft 

An Angel of Peace, the faithful guide and guardian both of 
our souls and bodies : ft 

The forgiveness and remission of our sins and transgres- 
sions : ft 

All things which are good and profitable to our souls, and 
peace to the world : ft 

That we may pass the residue of our life in peace and peni- 
tence: ft 

A Christian ending to our life, painless, blameless, peace- 
ful; and a good defence before the dread Judgment Seat of 
Christ: ft 

The unity of the faith, and the communion of the Holy Spirit let us 
beseech of the Lord : and let us commend ourselves, and each other, 
and all our life unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

And the Priest maketh the Exclamation : 

And vouchsafe, O Lord, that boldly and without condemnation, 
we may dare to call upon thee, God, the heavenly Father, and to 
say : 

And the People recite the Lord's Prayer to the end. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 



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THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 301 

who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But de- 
liver us from the Evil One : 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Priest Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Then the Common Cup (5) is brought, and the Priest blesseth it, and recite th 
this Prayer ; 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

O God, who hast created all things by thy might, and hast made 
fast the round world, and adornest the crown of all things which 
thou hast made : Bless now, with thy spiritual blessing, this common 
cup, which thou dost give to those who are now united for a com- 
munity of marriage. 

Aloud: For blessed is thy Name, and glorified is thy kingdom, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then, taking the Cup in his hand, the Priest giveth it thrice to them : first to the 
Man, ana then to the Woman. Then immediately the Priest taketh them, the 
groomsmen behind them holding their crowns, and leadeth them in a circle (6) 
round about the lectern. And the Priest, or the People, sing the following 
Hymn, in Tone V. : 

Rejoice, O Isaiah ! A Virgin is with child, and shall bear a Son, 
Emmanuel, both God and man : and Orient is his name ; whom magni- 
fying we call the Virgin blessed. 

Another, in Tone VII. 

O Holy Martyrs, who fought the good fight and have received your 
crowns : Entreat ye the Lord that he will have mercy on our souls. 
Glory to thee, O Christ our God, the Apostles' boast, the Martyrs* 
joy, whose preaching was the Consubstantial Trinity. 

Then, taking the crown of the Bridegroom, he saith : 

Be thou exalted, O Bridegroom, like unto Abraham ; and be thou 
blessed, like unto Isaac ; and do thou multiply like unto Jacob, walking 
in peace, and keeping the commandments of God in righteousness. 

Then, taking the crown of the Bride, he saith : 

And thou, O Bride : Be thou exalted like unto Sarah ; and exult 
thou, like unto Rebecca ; and do thou multiply, like unto Rachel : 



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302 THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 

and rejoice thou in thy husband, fulfilling the conditions of the law : for 
so is it well-pleasing unto God. 

Deacon, Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

The Priest prayeth : 

O God, our God, who didst come to Cana of Galilee, and didst bless 
there the marriage feast : Bless, also, these thy servants, who through 
thy good providence are now united together in wedlock. Bless their 
goings out and their comings in : replenish their life with good things : 
receive their crowns into thy kingdom, preserving them spotless, 
blameless, and without reproach, unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

And the Priest prayeth : 

May the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, the all-holy, 
consubstantial and life-giving Trinity, one Godhead, and one King- 
dom, bless you ; and grant unto you length of days, fair children, 
prosperity of life, and faith : and fill you with all abundance of earthly 
good things, and make you worthy to obtain the blessings of the pro- 
mise : through the prayers of the holy Birth-giver of God, and of all the 
Saints. Amen. 

And the Deacon saith : 
Wisdom ! 
More honourable than the Cherubim, . . . (See page 303.) 

Then the Priest bestoweth the final Benediction. 
May he who by his presence at the marriage feast in Cana of Galilee 
did declare marriage to be an honourable estate, Christ our true God ; 
through the prayers of his all-holy Mother; of the holy, glorious and all- 
laudable Apostles ; of the holy, God-crowned Kings and Saints-equal- 
to-the- Apostles Constantine and Helena; of the holy Great Martyr, 
Procopius ; (7) and of all the Saints, have mercy upon you and save 
you : for he is good, and loveth mankind. 

Then the Priest maketh an exhortation to the newly-married pair. 
And the People come and congratulate them ; and they kiss each other. 



PRAYER AT THE REMOVAL OF THE CROWNS ON THE 
EIGHTH DAY (8) 

O Lord our God, who hast blessed the crown of the year, and per- 
mittest these crowns to be laid upon those who are united to one 
another by the law of marriage, and thus grantest unto them, as it were 



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THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 303 

a reward of chastity ; for they are pure who are united in the marriage 
which thou hast made lawful : Do thou bless also in the removal of 
these crowns those who have been united to one another, and pre- 
serve their union indissoluble; that they may evermore give thanks 
unto thine all-holy Name, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit 

Deacon. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir To thee, O Lord. 

Priest These thy servants having come together in concord, O 
Lord, and having accomplished the compact of marriage, as at Cana of 
Galilee, and contracted the pledges thereof, ascribe glory unto thee, to 
the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And the Dismissal. 

Wisdom ! 

Choir O most holy Birth-giver of God, save us. 

More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more 
glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God 
the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Bless. 

And the Priest bestoweth tJu Benediction. (Seepage 302.) 



THE ORDER OF SECOND MARRIAGE (9) 

The Priest beginneth : 

Blessed is our God always, now and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our sins. 
O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal our 
infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 



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304 THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. In peace let us pray to the Lord. 

For the servants of God, N. and N., and for the protection which is 
from God ; and for their life together : let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

That they may dwell together uprightly and in oneness of mind : let 
us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us,.0 God, by thy 
grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed 
and glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever- Virgin Mary, with 
all the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our 
life unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Priest. For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir, Lord, have mercy. 

The Priest saith this Prayer : 

O eternal God, who hast brought into unity those who were sun- 
dered, and hast ordained for them an indissoluble bond of love ; who 
didst bless Isaac and Rebecca, and didst make them heirs of thy 
promise : Bless also these thy servants, N. and N., directing them unto 
every good work. 

For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

The Priest prayeth ; 

O Lord our God, who hast espoused the Church as a pure Virgin 
from among the Gentiles : Bless this Betrothal, and unite and maintain 
these thy servants in peace and oneness of mind. 

For unto thee are due all honour, glory and worship, to the Father, 



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THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 305 

and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then the Priest, taking the rings, gtveth one first to the Man, and to the Woman 
another, and saitk to the Man : 

The servant of God, N., is betrothed to the handmaid of God, N. : 
In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 
Amen. 

And in like manner to the Woman : 

The handmaid of God, N., is betrothed to the servant of God, N : 
In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 
Amen. 

Then he maketk with the rings the sign of the cross over their heads, and put- 
teth the rings on the fingers of their right hands. The Sponsor of the bridal 
pair exchangeth them. Then the Deacon : 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Priest. O Master, Lord our God, who showest pity upon all men, 
and whose providence is over all thy works ; who knowest the secrets 
of man, and understandest all men : Purge away our sins, and forgive 
the transgressions of thy servants, calling them to repentance, granting 
them remission of their iniquities, purification from their sins, and 
pardon of their errors, whether voluntary or involuntary. O thou who 
knowest the frailty of man's nature, in that thou art his Maker and 
Creator ; who didst pardon Rahab the harlot, and accept the contrition 
of the Publican : remember not the sins of our ignorance from our 
youth up. For if thou wilt consider iniquity, O Lord, Lord, who shall 
stand before thee? Or what flesh shall be justified in thy sight? For 
thou only art righteous, sinless, holy, plenteous in mercy, of great com- 
passion, and repentest thee of the evils of men. Do thou, O Master, who 
hast brought together in wedlock thy servants, N. and N., unite them to 
one another in love : vouchsafe unto them the contrition of the Publican, 
the tears of the Harlot, the confession of the Thief; that, repenting with 
their whole heart, and doing thy commandments in peace and oneness 
of mind, they may be deemed worthy also of thy heavenly kingdom. 

For thou art he who ordereth all things, and unto thee do we ascribe 
glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Priest. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 



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306 THE RITE OF HOLY MATRIMONY 

The Priest saith this Prayer : 

O Lord Jesus Christ, the Word of God, who wast lifted up on the 
precious and life-giving cross, and didst thereby destroy the handwrit- 
ing against us, and deliver us from the dominion of the Devil : Cleanse 
thou the iniquities of thy servants ; because they, being unable to bear 
the heat and burden of the day and the hot desires of the flesh, are now 
entering into the bond of a second marriage, as thou didst render law- 
ful by thy chosen vessel, the Apostle Paul, saying, for the sake of us 
humble sinners, It is better to marry in the Lord than to burn. Where- 
fore, inasmuch as thou art good and lovest mankind, do thou show 
mercy and forgive. Cleanse, put away, pardon our transgressions ; for 
thou art he who didst take our infirmities on thy shoulders ; for there 
is none sinless, or without uncleanness for so much as a single day of 
his life, save only Thou, who without sin didst endure the flesh, and 
bestowest on us passionlessness eternal. 

For thou art God, the God of the contrite in heart, and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

People. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Then the Priest saith the Prayer; 
O holy God, who didst create man out of the dust, . . . 

And the rest, as in the First Rite of Marriage % page 297. 



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THE OFFICE OF SETTING APART READERS 
AND CHANTERS* 

He who is to be made a Taper-bearer is led by the Sub-Deacon into the centre of 
the Church, before the beginning of the Divine Liturgy (seepage ya), and there 
malteth three reverences : and turning, he saluteth the Bishop, thrice. Then, 
drawing near to the Bishop, he bowelh his head; and the Bishop signeth him 
on the head with his hand. Then, laying his hand upon the candidate's head, 
the Bishop saith the following Prayer: 

O Lord, who enlightenest all created beings with the light of thy 
marvels, and knowest the intent of every man before it is formed, and 
strengtbenest those who are desirous of serving thee: Do thou, the 
same Lord, array in thy fair and spotless vesture this thy servant who 
desireth to become a Taper-bearer {these thy servants who desire to 
became Taper-bearers) before thy Holy Mysteries; that he {they) may 
be illumined ; and that attaining unto the world to come he {they) may 
receive the incorruptible crown of life, and rejoice with thine elect in 
bliss everlasting. 

For hallowed is thy Name, and glorified is thy kingdom, of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

But when there is no Liturgy the Bishop beginneth as follows : 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

Then shall be sung: 

O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of Truth, who art in all 
places and fillest all things; Treasury of good things and Giver of life : 
Come, and take up thine abode in us, and cleanse us from every stain; 
and save our souls, O Good One. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal 
our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive 

* Sec page xxxii. 



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30S OFFICE OF SETTING APART READERS AND CHANTERS 

those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But 

deliver us from the Evil One : 

For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of the Father, 

and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 

of ages. 

Choir. Amen. Lord, have mercy, ( Twelve times.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 

ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then the Hymn {Tropdr)for the Day shall be read. 

But if there be a Liturgy, then O Heavenly King, and O Holy God, and Our 
Father shall be omitted, and only the following Hymns shall be read; 

O holy Apostles, entreat the merciful God that he will grant our 
souls remission of their sins. 

The grace of thy lips, shining forth like a beacon-fire, hath illumined 
the universe, and hath bestowed upon the world the treasure of non- 
avariciousness, and hath shown us the height of humility. But as thou 
instructest us with thy words, O Father John Chrysostom, so also inter- 
cede thou with Christ our God, that our souls may be saved 

Thy voice is gone out into all the world, in that it hath received thy 
word, wherewith thou hast taught in manner well-pleasing unto God, 
hast expounded the nature of existing things, and hast adorned the cus- 
toms of mankind O Royal Priesthood, Sainted Father, pray thou unto 
Christ our God, that our souls may be saved 

The shepherd's reed of thy divine theology hath confounded the 
trumpets of the rhetoricians, the same being bestowed upon thee as 
upon one who hath searched out the deep things of the spirit, and grace 
of proclamation. Wherefore, O Father Gregory, entreat thou Christ- 
God that our souls may be saved. 

Glory . . . now, and ever, ... 

Through the prayers of all the Saints, and of the Birth-giver of God, 
O Lord, grant us thy peace, and have mercy upon us : for thou only 
lovest mankind. 

Then the Bishop shear eth the candidate's head in the form of a cross, saying : 

In the Name of the Father. 

Then the Proto-Deacon, and the Reader, or a Chanter shall say : 

Amen. 

Bishop. And of the Son. 

Proto-Deacon. Amen. 

Bishop. And of the Holy Spirit. 

ProUhDeaeon. Amen. 

Then the Bishop putteth upon him the short chasuble, and again maketh, thrice, 
with his hand, the sign of the cross upon his head, and recite th this Prayer: 

O Lord God Almighty, elect this thy servant {these thy servants), and 

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OFFICE OF SETTING APART READERS AND CHANTERS 309 

sanctify him {them) ; and enable him (them), with all wisdom and under- 
standing, to exercise the study and reading of thy divine words, pre- 
serving him (them) in blamelessness of life. 

Through the mercies and bounties and love towards mankind of thine 
Only-begotten Son, with whom also thou art glorified, together with thine 
all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages 
of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

And after the Prayer, the Bishop openeth the book of the Epistles upon the head 
of the Reader And the Sub-Deacons lead him from the Bishop, and place him 
in the middle of the Church, with his face to the east; ana the book of the 
Epistles is given to him, and he readeth, a little, wheresoever it may chance to 
be/a//, and turning, he boweth to the Bishop thrice, according to the rubric. 
Then the tunic is brought to the Bishop, ana he signeth it with his hand, over 
the cross. And he who hath been set apart {or ordained), having signed himself 
with the cross, kisseth the cross upon the tunic, and the hand of the Bishop : 
And the Sub-Deacons vest him in the tunic; and the Bishop exhorteth him 
thus: 

My son(^), the first degree in the Priesthood is that of Reader. It 
behooveth thee (you) therefore, to peruse the divine Scriptures daily, 
to the end that the hearers, regarding thee (you) may receive edifica- 
tion ; that thou (ye) in nowise shaming thine (your) election, mayest 
prepare thyself (may prepare yourselves) for a higher degree. For by a 
chaste, holy and upright life thou shalt (ye shall) gain the favour of 
the God of loving-kindness, and shalt render thyself (shall render your- 
selves) worthy of a greater ministry, through Jesus Christ our Lord ; 
to whom be glory unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then shall the Bishop say : 

Blessed is the Lord. Lo, the servant^) of God, N. (NN.\ is (are) 
become a Reader (Readers) of the most holy Church of N. : In the 
Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit 

Then the Bishop giveth him (or them) a holy lamp, and he standetk (they stand) 
before the Bishop with the lamp, in the appointed place. 



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THE MANNER OF ORDAINING SUB-DEACONS* 

If the Candidate is to receive the Laying-on of Hands to the Sub-Diaconate (see 
page 79) on the same day, after he hath been invested with the tunic, the Sub- 
Deacons bring the dalmattc and the dalmatic-girdle (that is the stole) to the 
Bishop. And when the Bishop hath signed the girdle with the cross, and he 
who is to receive Ordination hath kissed it, and the hand of the Bishop, they 
gird him therewith. And the Bishop signeth him with his hand, in the form 
of a cross; after which the ArchpHest saith : 

Let us pray to the Lord. \ 

And the Bishop laying his hand on the Candidate's head, reciteth the followmg 
Prayer : 

O Lord our God, who, through one and the same Holy Spirit distrib- 
uting gifts of grace to each one of those whom thou hast chosen, hast 
given to thy Church divers Orders; who, through thine inscrutable 
providence hast appointed degrees of ministry therein, for the service 
of thy holy, spotless Mysteries; and who, through thine ineffable fore- 
knowledge, hast ordained this thy servant to be worthy to serve in thy 
Holy Church : Do thou, the same Lord, preserve him uncondemned 
in ail things. And grant that he may love the beauty of thy house, 
stand before the doors of thy holy Temple, and kindle the lamps in the 
tabernacle of thy glory. And plant him in thy holy Church like a fruitful 
olive-tree, which bringeth forth the fruits of righteousness. And make 
him thy perfect servant in the time of thine advent, that he may receive 
the recompense of those who are well-pleasing in thy sight. For thine 
are the kingdom and the power and the glory, of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

And after the Prayer, the Sub-Deacons give the ewer and basin to him who is to 
receive the 'Laying~on of Hands, and lay a towel on his shoulders. And the 
Bishop washeth hts hands. And he who is to be ordained Sub-Deacon poureth 
water over the hands of the Bishop. Then he and the Sub-Deacons hiss the 
hand of the Bishop, and depart to their appointed place. And he who is to be 
ordained Sub-Deacon standeth, holding the ewer and basin, .with the towel, 
until the Cherubimic Hymn. And he saith, secretly : 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . ( Thrice). Glory . . . now, and 
ever, . . . O all-holy Trinity, . . . Lord, have mercy. (Thrice.) 
Our Father, who art in heaven, . . . For thine is the kingdom, 
. . . Lord, have mercy. (Thrice.) I believe in one God, . . . 

Pardon, remit, forgive, O God, our transgressions, both voluntary 

* For explanation, see Introductory Chapter on the Symbolism of the Church. Also, 
Appendix B t VIII (1). 



ft 
3 



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THE MANNER OF ORDAINING SUB-DEACONS 311 



r 



and involuntary, whether of word or of deed, whether of knowledge 
or of ignorance, whether of the day or of the night, whether of the 
mind or of the intentions : forgive us all, inasmuch as thou art good 
and lovest mankind. 

And if he desireth to say anything further, he doth so secretly. 

At the time of the Cherubimie Hymn, he is led in front of the Holy Doors, to 
the Bishop ; and the Bishop washeth his hands, according to the rite, and 
saith the Prayer. Then he signeth the water with his hand, in the form of a 
cross, thrice. And the Bishop, with this holy water, wettelh the Candidate's 
eyes and ears nostrils, and lips. And at the Great Entrance, the Candidate 
for Holy Orders walketh behind all the clergy. Then the Bishop saith : 

And may the mercy of the great God, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ, 
be with you all. (See Liturgy, page 79.) 

And after the Exclamation he is led into the Sanctuary by the Sub-Deacons, 
according to the rubric, and having received the Bishop's blessing, he taketh his 
stand wtth the Sub-Deacons. (2) 



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THE FORM WHICH IS USED AT THE ORDI- 
NATION OF A DEACON * 

After the Bishop hath said: (See the Liturgy, page in.) 

And may the mercy of the great God, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ, 
be with you all; 

The Sub-Deacons bring the Bis hep 9 s pontifical seat and place it in front,, and 
•> somewhat toward the left side of the Holy Altar, that he may not turn his 
back upon the Holy Things. And the Bishop seateth himself thereon ; and two 
Sub-Deacons take him who is to receive the Laying-on of Hands from the mid- 
dle of the Church, having him between them, ana each laying one hand upon 
his neck, and holding htm by the hands with the other ; and they bow mint 
down as low as possible. And one Deacon in the Sanctuary saith ; , 

Command 

And leading him forward a little, they bow him down again. And another 
Deacon saith : 

Command (3). 

And thereupon they draw near to the Holy Door, bowing him down before the 
Bishop. Then the Proto-Deacon saith : 

Command, Most Reverend Master 

Then the Sub-Deacons leave him who is to receive Ordination at the Holy Door : 
whereupon two others, a Proto-Deacon and a Deacon, take him, the one by the 
right hand, the other by the left; and he boweth before the Bishop. Then the 
Bishop signeth him with his hand in the form of a cross, and they walk round 
the Holy Altar, (4) they that lead him and the rest, singing : 

O holy Martyrs, who fought the good fight and have received your 
crowns : Entreat ye the Lord that our souls may be saved. 

Then those who are without the Sanctuary sing the same, once. And he who is 
to receive the Laying-on of Hands kisseth the four corners of the Holy Altar, 
and the hand and knee of the Bishop. (5) 

Then they compass about the Altar again, singing : 

Glory to thee, O Christ our God, the Apostles' boast, the Martyrs' 
joy, whose preaching was the consubstantiaJ Trinity. 

And /he Choir without singeth the same, once. And again he who is to receive 
Ordination kisseth the Holy Altar, and the epigonation and hand of the Bishop. 
Then they compass about the Altar again, singing: 

Rejoice, O Isaiah! A Virgin is with child, and shall bear a Son, 
Emmanuel, both God and man : and Orient is his name; whom magnify- 
ing we call the Virgin blessed. 

* See Appendix B, VIII (2). 



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THE FORM USED AT THE ORDINATION OF A DEACON 313 

And they do according to the Ritual. And those without sing the same. 

Then the Bishop riseth, and the pontifical chair is removed; and he who is to 
receive the laying-on of hands goeth to the right side of the Bishops and boweth 
down before the Holy Altar, thrice> saying; 

Lord, have mercy upon me, a sinner. 

And bending the right knee (6) he layeth his palms upon the Holy Altar, in the 
form of a cross, and placet h his brow between his hands on the Holy Altar. 
Then the Bishop layeth the end of his stole upon his head, and (7) blesseth 
him, thrice^ upon the head, and when the Proto-Deacon, or the Deacon, hath 
said: 

Let us attend : 

The Bishop, laying his hand on the Candidate's head, saith, aloud, in the hearing 
of all those who are in the Church ; 

The grace divine, which always healeth that which is infirm, and 
completeth that which is wanting, elevateth, through the laying-on of 
hands, N., the most devout Sub-Deacon, to be a Deacon : Wherefore, let 
us pray for him, that the grace of the all-holy Spirit may come upon him. 

Then the Priests in the Sanctuary, on the right side, chant : Lord, have mercy. 
(Thrice) Likewise, those on the left: Lord, have mercy. (Thrice) And the 
singers without in the right and left Choirs ; Kyrie eleison (thrice, slowly), 
while the Bishop reciteth this (8) 



The Proto-Deacon hav- 
ing said, in a low 
voice : 

Let us pray to the 
Lord. 

And the Bishop bless- 
eth, thrice, the head 
of him that is receiv- 
ing Ordination. 



Prayer. 
O Lord our God, who by thy foreknow- 



i 



ledge dost send down the fulness of the 
Holy Spirit upon those who are ordained by 
thine inscrutable power to be thy servitors, 
and to administer thy spotless Sacraments : 
Do thou, the same Sovereign Master, pre- 
serve also this man, whom thou hast been 
pleased to ordain, through me, by the Lay- 
~~— ~ ing-on of Hands, to the service of the Di- 

aconate, in all soberness of life, holding the mystery of the faith in a 
pure conscience. Vouchsafe unto him the grace which thou didst 
grant unto Stephen, thy first Martyr, whom, also, thou didst call 
to be the first in the work of thy ministry ; and make him worthy 
to administer after thy pleasure the degree which it hath seemed 
good to thee to confer upon him. For they who minister well pre- 
pare for themselves a good degree. And manifest him as wholly thy 
servant 

For thine are the kingdom and the power and the glory, of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 



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314 THE FORM USED AT THE ORDINATION OF A DEACON 



c 

en 

3 



< 
3 
n 



7*A/« M* Proto-Deaeon saitk softly, 
in a low voice : 

In peace let us pray to the 
Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from 
above, and for the salvation of 
our souls : ft 

For the peace of the whole 
world ; for the welfare of God's 
holy Churches, and for the 
union of them all : ft 

For our Bishop N., of N., 
and for his priesthood, succour, 
maintenance, peace, health and 
salvation ; and for the work of 
his hands : ft 

For the servant of God, N., 
who hath now received the 
Laying-on of Hands to be a 
Deacon, and for his salva- 
tion: ft 

That the God who loveth 
mankind will vouchsafe unto 
him a pure and blameless Di- 
aconate : ft 

For our most God-fearing 
sovereign Lord, N. ft 

For this city, and for every 
city and land; and for those who 
with faith dwell therein : ft 

That he will deliver us from 
all tribulation, wrath, peril and 
necessity: ft 

Succour us, save us, have 
mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O God. 

Exclamation. 
The Bishop. For thou art our God, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, 



And the Bishop, keeping his hand I 
on the head of him who is receiv- \ 
ing Holy Orders, prayeth the 
while : j 

O God our Saviour, who by 
thine incorruptible voice didst 
appoint unto thine Apostles the 
law of the Diaconate, and didst 
manifest the first Martyr, Ste- 
phen, to be of the same ; and 
didst proclaim him the first who 
should exercise the office of a 
Deacon, as it is written in thy \ 
Holy Gospel : Whosoever de- 
sireth to be first among you, let 
him be your servant : Do thou, 
O Master of all men, fill also 
this thy servant, whom thou 
hast graciously permitted to 
enter upon the ministry of a 
Deacon, with all faith, and love, 
and power, and holiness, 
through the inspiration of thy 
holy and life-giving Spirit ; for 
not through the Laying-on of 
my hands, but through the 
visitation of thy rich bounties, 
is grace bestowed upon thy 
worthy ones : That he, being 
devoid of all sin, may stand 
blameless before thee in the ter- 
rible Day of thv Judgment, and 
receive the unfailing reward of 
thy promise. 



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**$&* 



THE FORM USED AT THE ORDINATION OF A DEACON 315 

to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

Then they raise the Candidate, and loose his stole, which is bound cross-wise. And 
taking the stole, the Bishop layeth it on his left shoulder, saying in a loud 
voice : 

Axios! (Worthy!) (8) 

And they within the Sanctuary sing, thrice: 
Axios. 

And likewise they without, in both Choirs, sing, thrice : 
Axios. 

Then the gauntlets are given to him, and the Bishop saith : 
Axios. 

And they within the Sanctuary, and they without, sing the same, as before. 
Then the sacramental fan is given to him, and the Bishop saith : 

Axios. 

And they who are within, and without, the Sanctuary, sing, as before. And 
Me kisselh the Bishop on the shoulder, and place th himself at the Altar, and 
fanneth the Holy Gifts. 



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THE OFFICE USED AT THE ELEVATION OF AN 
ARCHDEACON, OR A PROTO-DEACON 

He that is to be raised to the Archdiaconate is led, by a Proto-Deacon and a Deo- 
con, to the Reverend Bishop, in the middle of the Church, where the Bishop 
standeth, at the time when the Lesser Entrance with the book of the Holy Gos- 
pels is made. {See page 84.) And he boweth, thrice, before the Bishop, even to 
his girdle, and bendeth his head. Then the Bishop, sitting, maketh the sign 
of the cross, thrice, with his hand, upon his head; and rising, layeth his hand 
upon his head. And when the Deacon hath said; 

Let us pray to the Lord : 

The Bishop reciteth the following Prayer; 

O Master, Lord our God, who hast bestowed upon our race the Arch- 
deaconship, granting, through thine unspeakable providence, that they 
who are endued therewith may order and serve thy Divine Mysteries as 
lesser ministers : Do thou, the same Lord, endue with this grace of the 
Archdeaconship this thy servant, N., and adorn him v/ith thine integ- 
rity, to stand at the head of the Deacons of thy people, and to be an 
example of good to those who are under him. Cause him to attain unto 
a ripe old age, that he may magnify thy glorious Name, of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

Then the Bishop maketh the sign of the cross upon his head, saying; 

Blessed is God. Lo, the servant of God, N M becometh an Arch- 
deacon {or a Proto-Deacon) : In the Name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Spirit 

And laying his hand upon the head of him that is elevated, the Bishop ex- 
claimeth ; 

Axios! {Thrice.) 

And the Choir singeth, thrice : 

Axios. 

And then they enter the Sanctuary, according to the Ritual. 

* See Appendix B, VIII (8). 



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THE FORM AND MANNER OF ORDAINING A 

PRIEST* 

After the Cherubimic Hymn hath been finished (see page 98), he who is to be 
ordained Priest is led by an Archdeacon, or another Deacon, in the same 
manner, and after the same exclamations of Command and Command, as at 
the ordination of a Deacon, through the Holy Door, to the Holy Attar, before 
the Bishop, at the right hand side thereof The Bishop signeth him with his 
hand, in the form of a cross ; and he is led thrice round the A liar, as is described 
in the Office for making a Deacon, while all within the Sanctuary sing 
the following Hymns : 

O holy Martyrs, who fought the good fight and have received your 
crowns : Entreat ye the Lord that our souls may be saved. 

Glory to thee, Q Christ our God, the Apostles' boast, the Martyrs' 
joy, whose preaching was the consubstantial Trinity. 

Rejoice, O Isaiah ! A Virgin is with child, and shall bear a Son, 
Emmanuel, both God and man : and Orient is his name ; whom magni- 
fying we call the Virgin blessed. 

Then he who is to be ordained bendeth both knees, and piaceth his palms cross- 
wise upon the Holy Altar, and the- Bishop layeth the end of his stole upon the 
head of him who is to receive the Laying-on of Hands, and blesseth him, thrice, 
upon the head. And when the principal Priest hath said; 

Let us attend : 

The Bishop, laying his hand upon his head, pronounceth, aloud, in the hearing 
of all those who stand in the Church : 

The grace divine, which always healeth that which is infirm, and 
completeth (1) that which is wanting, elevateth through the laying-on 
of hands, N., the most devout Deacon, to be a Priest. Wherefore, let us 
pray for him, that the grace of the all-holy Spirit may come upon him. 



Then the Proto-Deacon saith in a 
low voice ; 



Let us pray to the Lord. 

And the Priests within the Sanc- 
tuary sing; Lord, have mercy, 
thrice on the right side, and again 
thrice on the left side. 

And the Singers without, in the 
right and left Choirs, sing; Kyrie 
el *ison (thrice, slowly), while the 
Bishop reciteth the Prayer* 



And the Bishop reciteth, secretly, the 
following Prayer : 

O God, who hast no beginning 
and no ending ; who art older than 
every created thing ; who crown- 
est with the name of Presbyter 
those whom thou deemest worthy 
to serve the word of thy truth 
in the divine ministry of this 
degree : Do thou, the same Lord 
of all men, deign to preserve in 
pureness of life and in unswerv- 
* Appendix B, VIII (10). 



Co 

5 



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I 



318 THE FORM AND MANNER OF ORDAINING A PRIEST 

ing faith this man also, upon whom, through me, thou hast gra- 
ciously been pleased to lay hands. Be favourably pleased to grant 
unto him the great grace of thy Holy Spirit, and make him wholly 
thy servant, in all things acceptable unto thee, and worthily exercis- 
ing the great honours of the priesthood which thou hast conferred 
upon him by thy prescient power. 

Exclamation, 

For thine is the majesty, and thine are the kingdom and the power 
and the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



or 

< 
n 

3 

n 

n 



And the Proto-Deacon saith, in a 
low voice ; 

Let us pray to the Lord. 

Then the Priest, in a low voice, 
reciteth the Litany of Peace. 

In peace let us pray to the 
Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from 
above, and for the salvation of 
our souls : ft 

For the peace of the whole 
world ; for the welfare of God's 
holy Churches, and for the 
union of them all : ft 

For our Bishop, N. of N., 
his priesthood, succour, main- 
tenance, peace, health and sal- 
vation ; and for the works of 
his hands : ft 

* For the servant of God, N., 
who now hath received the 
Laying-on of Hands to the 
Priesthood, and for his salva- 
tion : ft 

That the God who loveth 
mankind will vouchsafe unto 
him a pure and blameless min- 
istry: ft 

For our most God-fearing Sovereign Lord, N. : ft 

For this city ; and for every city and land ; and for those who with 
faith dwell therein : ft 



And the Bishop, blessing, thrice, 
him who is receiving Ordination, 
keepeth his hand on the Candi- 
date's head, and prayeth, se- 
cretly : 

O God great in might and 
inscrutable in wisdom, marvel- 
lous in counsel above the sons 
of men : Do thou, the same 
Lord, fill with the gift of thy 
Holy Spirit this man whom it 
hath pleased thee to advance 
to the degree of Priest; that 
he may be worthy to stand in 
innocency before thine Altar; 
to proclaim the Gospel of thy 
kingdom; to minister the word 
of thy truth ; to offer unto thee 
spiritual gifts and sacrifices; to 
renew thy people through the 
laver of regeneration. That 
when he shall go to meet thee, 
at the Second Coming of our 
great God and Saviour, Jesus 
Christ, thine Only-begotten 
Son, he may receive the reward 
of a good steward in the degree 
committed unto him, through 
the plenitude of thy goodness. 



r 



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THE FORM AND MANNER OF ORDAINING A PRIEST 319 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most^essed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. v <• 

Choir To thee, O Lord. ■ *** ''""*" "'' 

Exclamation: 

Bishop. For blessed and magnified is thine all-holy and majestic 
Name, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Then they raise up the Candidate, and bring the Priests stole ; and taking the 
Deacon* s stole from him that hath received the Laying-on of Hands, the Bishop 
endueth him with the priestly stole, after he hath blessed it ; and he that 
receiveth it kisseth it, and the hand of the Bishop. And the Bishop layeth it 
about his neck, saying, loudly : 

Axios! (Worthy!) 

And they within the Sanctuary sing the same ; 

Axios. {Thrice,) 

And the Singers without, in both Choirs, sing also ; 

Axios. {Thrice,) 

The Bishop then, in like manner, endueth him with the zone, and he kisseth it, 
and the hand of the Bishop, andgirdeth himself And the Bishop saith : 

Axios. (8) 

And they within the Sanctuary and they without do the same. 

Thus they do also with the chasuble : and with the Service-Book, which is given 
to him as his guide in the holy ministry ; for he saith not from memory the 
Prayers, but reatteth them. 

Then they sing as usual, and the Priest who hath received the Laying-on of 
Hands goeth forth, after he hath kissed the Bishop* s stole and his hand, and 
kisseth the Archimandrites, and all his fellow-clergy, on the shoulder ; and 
taketh his place among the Priests. 



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^ 



V 



THE I^RM AND MANNER OF MAKING AN 
\ ARCHPRIEST 

He who is to be adz&n&d^othe rank of^P'chpriest is conducted by a Proto-Dea- 
con, or by two Deacons^TS (&e Rivjit Reverend Bishop, in the middle of the 
Churchy at the time when tht~T.itile Entrance with the book of the Holy Gos- 
pels is made. He boweth before the Bishop, even to the girdle, thrice, and bendeth 
his head. And the Bishop, as he sitteth,signeth him, thrice, upon the head, in 
cross form, with his hand. Then, rising, he layeth his hand upon the Priesfs 
head. And after the Proto- Deacon hath said: 

Let us pray to the Lord : 

The Bishop saith the following Prayer : 

O Master, Lord Jesus Christ, our God, who hast bestowed the priest- 
hood upon our race, and hast endued us with the grace of this gift and 
honour, and hast appointed us who are duly devout to exercise com- 
mand over the members of the Priesthood, and the other servitors in 
lesser degree of thy Mysteries: Endue thou now, also, with thy grace, 
our brother N., and adorn him with integrity ; that he may stand at 
the head of the Priests of thy people. And enable him to set a good 
example to those who are with him ; and graciously grant that he may 
attain, in piety and veneration, unto a good old age ; and have mercy 
upon us all, inasmuch as thou art a good God. For thou art the be- 
stower of wisdom ; and unto thee doth all creation sing praises unto 
ages of ages. 

Then the Bishop signeth him upon the head with the sign of the cross, saying: 

Blessed is God. Lo, the servant of God, N., is made an Archpriest 
of God's holy Church, N. : In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Spirit. 

Then, laying his hand upon the Priesfs head, the Bishop exclaimeth : 

Axios! (Thrice.)* 

Then they place the Archpriest with the other clergy, according to their rank, and 
enter the Sanctuary through the Holy Door, and minister with the Clergy. 

* Appendix B, VIII (8). 



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THE OFFICE THAT IS USED AT THE INSTITU- 
TION OF AN ABBOT 

He who is to be elevated to the rank of Abbot is led by a Proio-Deacon, or by two 
Deacons, to the Bishops in the middle of the Church, where the Bishop siandeth, 
at the time of the Lesser Entrame with the booh of the Holy Gospels {see page 
84), if so be that the Bishop himself officiate at the Liturgy. But if not, then 
they bring to the Bishop his priestly stole, gauntlets and omofdr. and he vesteih 
himself where he siandeth. He who is to be advanced to the rank of Abbot is 
brought to his appointed place \ and boweth low to the Bishop, even to his girdle, 
thrice, and bendeth his head. And the Bishop, sitting, signeth his head, thrice, 
with his hand, in the form of a cross. And rising, he layeth his hand upon his 
head; and when the Proto-Deacon hath said: 

Let us pray to the Lord : 

The Bishop recitelh the following Prayer ; 

O God, who ever exercisest divine foresight concerning the salva- 
tion of men, and hast gathered into one this reason-endowed flock: Do 
thou, O Master of all, through thy boundless love for mankind, preserve 
the same spotless, ever keeping thy commandments, that not one sheep 
perish therefrom, or be devoured by the wolf. And make this thy ser- 
vant, whom thou hast been graciously pleased to set over it as Abbot, 
worthy of thy goodness ; and adorn him with all virtues, that through 
his own deeds he may offer a good example to those who are subject 
unto him; that they, being moved to emulate his blameless life, may, 
with him, stand uncondemned before thy dread Judgment Seat. 

For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Bishop. Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Proto-Deacon. Bow your heads unto the Lord. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Then the Bishop saith, secretly, the following Prayer : 

Incline thine ear, O Lord, and hear our prayers; and cause this 
thy servant, the Abbot of this venerable habitation, to be a wise and 
faithful steward of the reason-endowed flock which, through thy 
grace, hath been entrusted unto him, working thy will in all things, 
and becoming worthy of thy heavenly kingdom. 

Through the grace and love towards mankind of thine Only- 
begotten Son, with whom thou art blessed, together with thine 
all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 



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322 THE OFFICE AT THE INSTITUTION OF AN ABBOT 

Then the Proto-Deacon saith, loudly : 

Command, Master. 

And the Bishops also, with a loud voice : 

The grace of the all-holy Spirit, at the hands of our humble person, 
promoteth thee to be Abbot of the honourable habitation of the Lord 
God, and our Saviour, Jesus Christ, N. {if the Temple be dedicated to 
Aim); oroi our most holy Sovereign Lady, the Mother of our Lord, N. 
{if the Temple he dedicated to her) ; or of Saint N. {if the JTemple be 
dedicated to a Saint). 

Then, laying his hand upon his heady the Bishop exclaimeth .- 

Axios! {Thrice.) 

And the Choir singeth ; 

Axios. {Thrice.) 

Then he who hath been invested with the office of Abbot kisseth the pall* of' 
the Bishop on the right, and on the left shoulder : and being led away, he 
taketh his place with the other Abbots, according to their rank : ana they 
enter the Sanctuary through the Holy Door ; and he ministereth with the 
other clergy, according to the Ritual. 

* See Appendix B, VIII (n). 



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THE OFFICE USED AT THE ELEVATION OF 
AN ARCHIMANDRITE 

He who is to be installed as Archimandrite is led by the Proto-Deacon, or by two 
Deacons, to the Bishop in the middle of the Church, where the Bishop standeth, 
at the time of the Little Entrance with the book of the Holy Gospels {see page 
84), if the Bishop himself be the celebrant at the Divine Liturgy. But if not, 
then they bring to the Bishop his priestly stole, his gauntlets* and his pall, and 
he vesteth himself where he standeth. He who is to be installed as Archiman- 
drite, being brought to his appointed place, boweth before the Bishop, even to his 
girdle, and benaeth his head. And the Bishop, sitting, maketh thrice, with his 
Hand, the sign of the cross over his head. And if the Candidate for the rank 
of Archimandrite be already an Abbot, the Prayers at the Elevation of an 
Abbot are not used, and the Proto-Deacon saith only, aloud : 

Command, Master: 

And the Bishop saith, in a loud voice ; 

The grace of the all-holy Spirit, through our humility, doth promote 
thee to be Archimandrite of the venerable habitation of our Lord, and 
God, and Saviour, Jesus Christ ; or of our most holy Lady, the Birth- 
giver of God {if the Temple be dedicated tp her) ; or of Saint N. {if it 
be dedicated to a Saint). 

Then, laying his hand upon the head of him who is being elevated, the Bishop 
exclaimetk : 

"Alios ! ( Thrice.) * 

Choir. Axios. ( Thrice.) 

. And if a mitre is to be conferred upon an Archimandrite, then, after the Little 
Entrance from the Sanctuary, with the book of the Holy Gospels, the Archiman- 
drite is led to the Bishop. And the Bishop saith no prayer, but only blesseth 
the Archimandrite with his hand. And the Archimandrite kisseth the handof 
the Bishop, and the mitre ; and the mitre is then put upon the Archimandrite. 
Then he is led away, and placed with the other Archimanarites and Abbots, 
according to his rank. And they enter the Sanctuary through the Holy Door, 
and minister with the Clergy who are celebrating^ according to the Ritual. 

And at the end of the Divine Liturgy the Bishop, giving the Archimandrite (or 
Abbot) his pastoral staff, saith ; 

Take this staff and with it establish and rule thy flock : seeing that 
thou must answer therefor to our Lord God, on the Day of Judg- 
ment. 

Then the Bishop exhorteth him and his flock to the observance of their respective 
duties. 

* See Appendix B, VIII (8). 



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THE ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRAT- 
ING A BISHOP* 

(IN RUSSIA) 

When the time is come for electing a Bishop to a vacant Episcopal Throne, the 
Most Holy Synod of Russia takeih counsel as to who knoweth of a fitting incum- 
bent of such a dignity ; and when such person hath been selected^ the Nomi- 
nation of him who is designated to the Bishopric is made after $he following 
manner : 

When the time is come, the Bishops and Candidate-elect are summoned to the Most 
Holy Governing Synod; ana when they are assembled, the Presiding Bishop 
putteth on his priestly stole. 

Then announcement is made to the Bishop-elect by the Chief Secretary in this 
wise : 

Honourable Father Archimandrite {or Hiero-Monk), N. : Our Sov- 
ereign Lord, N., the Emperor of All the Russias, by an edict signed 
with his Majesty's name, commandeth, and the Most Holy Synod of 
Russia assenteth thereto, that your Holiness shall be the Bishop of the 
God-saved cities, NN. 

And thereto the Bishop-elect maketh answer ; 

Seeing that our Sovereign Lord, N.,the Emperor of All the Russias, 
hath commanded my preferment, and that the Most Holy Governing 
Synod of All the Russias hath judged me worthy of this ministry, I 
return thanks, and accept, and say nothing contrary thereto. 

Then the Presiding Bishop teginneth : 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

The others say ; 

O heavenly King, the Comforter, Spirit of Truth, who art in all 
places and fillest all things ; Treasury of good things and Giver of life : 
Come, and take up thine abode in us, and cleanse us from every stain ; 
and save our souls, O Good One. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. ( Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us 

* Appendix B, VIII. 



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ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRATING A BISHOP 325 

this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive 
those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation; But 
deliver us from the Evil One : 

The Presiding Bishop. For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and 
the glory, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

The others recite the following Hymn ( Tropdr) : 

Blessed art thou, O Christ our God, who hast revealed the fishers 
most wise, sending down upon them thy Holy Spirit, and thereby 
catching the universe as in a net Glory to thee, O thou who lovest 
mankind. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And the Collect-Hymn (Kond&k) : 

When the Most High confounded the tongues, he dispersed abroad 
the nations : but when he distributed ths tongues of fire, he called 
all men unto unity. Wherefore, with one accord, we glorify the all-holy 
Spirit. 

Then the Presiding Bishop reeiteth this Litany : 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, 
we beseech thee : hearken, and have mercy. # 

Furthermore we pray for our most God-fearing Sovereign Lord, 
N., the Emperor of All the Russias; and for all the Reigning 
House. IJs 

Furthermore we pray for the Most Holy Governing Synod. IJs 

Furthermore we pray for the all-honourable Archimandrite {or 
Hiero-Monk), N., the newly-elected Bishop of the God-saved 
cities, NN. % 

Furthermore we pray for all the brotherhood, and for all 
Orthodox Christians. IJs 

Exclamation. 

For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto thee do 
we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

C/toir. Amen. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Choir More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare 
more glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest 
God the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Bless, Master. 



r 

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326 ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRATING A BISHOP 

And the Benediction. 

May he who, in the form of tongues of fire, sent down from heaven 
the Holy Spirit upon his Disciples and Apostles, Christ our true God; 
through the prayers of his all-pure Mother, of the honourable, glorious 
Prophet, the Forerunner and Baptist, John, and of Saint N. {whose day 
it is), and of all Saints, have mercy upon us and save us, for he is good 
and loveth man. 

Then the Choir chanteth Many Years to his most Godfearing Imperial Majesty 
the Emperor, to the Most Holy Governing Synods and to the Bishop-elect. 

And when this is finished, the Chief Bishop riseth and blesseth the Bishop-elect 
with the cross, and sprinkleth him with holy water, and each one of them then 
departeth to his own abode. 

CONSECRATION 

On the day when the Consecration is to take place, the bells are pealed for the 
Vigil Service, according to the Ritual: and at the Ninth Theme-Song of the 
Canon the great bell peals. 

And the Bishops and others assemble in the Cathedral Church, and having vested 
themselves according to the Ritual, they ascend the tribune, preceded by the 
Archimandrite, the Abbot, and the Archpriest, and all the Clergy. 

And in the middle of the Church, near the tribune, on the ecclesiastical carpet, 
there is placed the figure of a one-headed eagle, having its wings outspread, 
standing upright on its feet ; and under its feet is a city with walls and 
towers, and the eagle, as it were, treading upon the towers thereof And this is 
guarded so that no one may step upon the eagle. (12) 

Then the Bishops command the Archpriesl and the Proto-Deacon to summon him 
who is to receive consecration : and they, doing reverence and kissing the hands 
of the Bishops, take the Candidate for consecration, who is in the Sanctuary, 
clad in all the vestments of a Priest, and lead him upon the tail of the eagle ; 
and he maketh three reverences. The Proto-Deacon first leadeth the Bishop- 
elect, proclaiming and saying, in an audible voice, these things following : 

The God-beloved, elect and confirmed Archimandrite {or Hiero- 
Monk), N. f is led forth for consecration to the Bishopric of the God- 
saved city, N. (cities NN.). 

And to the Bishop-elect, holding in his hands the holy writing of the Orthodox 
faith, the Chief Bishop saith : 

Wherefore art thou come, and what dost thou ask of our meekness? 

The Bishop-elect maketh answer, saying ; 
The laying-on of hands, unto the grace of the Bishop's office, Most 
Reverend Sirs. 

And the Bishop questioneth him, saying ; 

And how believest thou? 

And the Bishop-elect reciteth, aloud. The Symbol of the Faith : 

I believe in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth, And of all things visible and invisible: 

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ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRATING A BISHOB 327 

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Only-begotten Son of God, begot- 
ten of his Father before all worlds ; Light of Light, Very God of very 
God ; Begotten, not made ; Being of one Essence with the Father; By 
whom all things were made; Who, for us men, and for our salvation, 
came down from heaven, And was incarnate by ihe Holy Ghost of the 
Virgin Mary, And was made man. And was crucified also for us under 
Pontius Pilate, and suffered and was buried. And the third day he rose 
again, according to the Scriptures. And ascended into heaven, And 
sitteth on the right hand of the Father. And he shall come again with 
glory to judge both the quick and the dead ; Whose kingdom shall have 
no end. 

And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life, Who proceedeth 
from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son together is wor- 
shipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets. In one Holy 
Catholic and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one Baptism for the 
remission of sins. I look for the resurrection of the dead, And the Life 
of the world to come. Amen. 

And when he hath said this, the Bishop blesseth him with the sign of the cross, 
and saith; 

The grace of God the Father, and of our Lord Jesus Christ, and of 
the Holy Spirit, be with thee. 

The Bishop-elect is then led to the middle of the eagle, the Prolo-Deacon proclaim- 
ing his being led, as was explained above : 

The God-beloved ... is led . . . and so forth, as before. 

And when the Bishop-elect hath been placed upon the centre of the eagle, the Chief 
Bishop directeth his words to him, and saith : 

Reveal unto us more particularly how thou believest concerning the 
properties of the three Persons of the ineffable Godhead, and concern- 
ing the Incarnation of the Person of the Son and Word of God 

And the Bishop-elect immediately readeth, aloud, the Second Confession of 
Faith, asfolloweth ; 

I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and 
earth, and of all things visible and invisible ; For he is without begin- 
ning, unbegotten, and without cause, but is himself the natural begin- 
ning and cause of the Son, and of the Spirit. And I believe in his 
Only-begotten Son, without mutation and without time begotten of him, 
being of one Essence with Him by whom all things were made. And 
I believe in the Holy Spirit, who proceedeth from the same Father, and 
with him is glorified as coeternal, being of one Essence with him, and 
equal in glory, and enthroned together with him, the Author of crea- 
tion. I believe that one of the same supersubstantial and life-giving 
Trinity, the Only-begotten Word, came down from heaven, for us men, 
and for our salvation, and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the Virgin 



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328 ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRATING A BISHOP 

Mary, and was made man ; that is to say, was made perfect man, yet 
remaining God, and in nowise changing his divine essence by his 
participation in the flesh, neither being transmuted into anything else: 
but without mutation assuming man's nature, he therein endured 
suffering and death, being free in his divine nature from every suffer- 
ing. And on the third day he rose again from the dead ; and ascended 
into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of his God and Father. 
And I believe those traditions and narrations concerning the one 
Catholic and Apostolic Church which we have received from God and 
the men of God. I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of 
sins. I look for the Resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world 
to come. Furthermore I confess the one Person, the Word made flesh ; 
and I believe and proclaim that Christ is one and the same in two natures 
after his incarnation, preserving those things which were in them and 
from them. Therefore, also, I adore two wills, in that each nature 
retaineth its own special will and its own action. I reverence, relatively, 
but not in the way of worship, the images divine and reverence-worthy 
of Christ himself, and of the all-undefiled Mother of God, and of all the 
Saints, addressing to their originals the honour shown to them. I reject 
as ill-advised those who think otherwise. And I literally and truly con- 
fess our Sovereign Lady, Mary the Birth-giver of God, as having borne 
in the flesh one of the Trinity, even Christ our God. And may the same 
be my helper, protector, and defender all the days of my life. Amen. 

And immediately the Bishop saith f blessing in the form of a cross him who is 
receiving Consecration : 

The grace of the Holy Spirit be with thee, enlightening, strength- 
ening and endowing thee with wisdom all the days of thy life. 

Then the Bishop-elect is led upon the head of the eagle y and after the Pro to- Deacon 
hath proclaimed his preferment, as above described, and hath placed him on the 
head of the eagle, the Bishop saith to him : 

Declare unto us, also, what thou thinkest concerning the Canons of 
the holy Apostles and the holy Fathers, and the traditions and regula- 
tions of the Church. 

And the Bishop-elect immediately readeth, in a loud voice, the Third Confession 
of Faith: 

In this my confession of the holy faith, I promise to observe the 
Canons of the holy Apostles, and of the Seven CEcumenical Councils, 
and of the pious Provincial Councils, the traditions of the Church, and 
the decrees, orders and regulations of the Holy Fathers. And all things 
whatsoever they have accepted I also accept ; and whatsoever things 
they have rejected those will I also reject. 

I promise also to preserve the peace of the Church, and firmly to hold 
and zealously to teach the people entrusted to me, and not to devise any- 
thing whatsoever which is contrary to the Orthodox Catholic Christian 



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ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRATING A BISHOP 329 

faith of the East all the days of my life ; and that I will, in all things, 
follow and always obey the Most Holy Governing Synod of All the 
Russias, recognized and confirmed by the Four Patriarchs of the 
Catholic Church of the East as equal in dignity and power with them- 
selves; and to be, in all things, of one mind with the Most Reverend 
Metropolitans, Archbishops and Bishops, my brethren, and conjointly 
with them submissive to the divine law, and the sacred rules of the 
Holy Apostles and Holy Fathers ; and with all sincerity to cherish 
towards them spiritual affection ; and to regard them as brethren. 

And I promise to rule the flock committed unto me in the fear of 
God and in devoutness of life; and with all diligent heed to guard it 
against all heresies of doctrine. 

And I also confess, in this my written profession of faith, that neither 
by the promise nor by the gift of gold or of silver am I come to this 
ministry ; but, on the contrary, I have received it by the election of the 
Most Holy Governing Synod of All the Russias, and by the election of 
our most God-fearing Emperor, N., the Sovereign of All the Russias. 

And herewith I promise also to do nothing through constraint, 
whether coerced by powerful persons, or by a multitude of the people, 
even though they should command me, under pain of death, to do some- 
thing contrary to divine and holy laws : nor to celebrate the Divine 
Liturgy in another diocese than my own, nor to exercise any other 
priestly function without the permission of the Bishop of that diocese ; 
and that i will not ordain either a Priest, or a Deacon, or any other 
ecclesiastic in another's diocese, nor receive such into my diocese with- 
out letters of dismissal from their own Bishops. 

I will deal with the opponents of the Holy Church with reasonable- 
ness, uprightness and gentleness, according to the Apostle Paul ; And 
the servant of the Lord must not strive, but be gentle unto all men, 
apt to teach, forbearing, in meekness instructing those who oppose 
themselves ; if God, peradventure, will give them repentance to the 
acknowledging of the truth. 

I promise to visit and watch over the flock now confided to me, after 
the manner of the Apostles, whether they remain true to the faith, 
and in the exercise of good works, more especially the Priests ; and to 
inspect with diligence, and to exhort and inhibit, that there may be no 
schisms, superstitions and impious veneration, and that no customs con- 
trary to Christian piety and good morals may injure Christian conduct. 

And all those things, my bounden duty, which I have this day pro- 
mised in word, I also promise to perform in deed unto my uttermost 
breath, for the sake of the covenanted good things to come. And may 
God, who seeth the heart, be the witness to my vow. And may our 
Saviour himself be my helper, in my sincere and zealous government 
and my performance thereof; and unto Him, together with the Father 
and the Holy Spirit, be glory and dominion, honour and worship, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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330 ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRATING A BISHOP 

And when this is completed, the Presiding Bishop, blessing him, saith : 

The grace of the Holy Spirit, through my humility, exalteth thee, 
most God-beloved Archimandrite {or Hiero-Monk), N., to be the 
Bishop-elect of the God-saved cities, NN. 

And the Bishop-elect maketh three reverences to the Presiding Bishop; and the 
Prolo- Deacon leadeth him to the Bishops, And he*, delivering to the same the 
written statement of his faith and his promise, kiss el h their right hands. 

And thus he descendeth from the tribune {amvdn), and maketh a reverence. And 
the Presiding Bishop, signing him with his hand, in the form of a cross, saith : 

The grace of the Most Holy Spirit be with thee. 

And they lead him upon the eagle, and the Choir chanteth Many Years to His 
Imperial Majesty, to the Synod, and to the newly-elected Bishop. 

(The Divine Liturgy is then begun, the Bishop-elect standing until his Consecra- 
tion {or Ordination) in the Beacon's chapel (Diakdnnik), or the chapel on the 
south of the Altar, fully vested as a Priest). 

And after the Thrice- Holy hath been sung, (13) he who is to receive Ordination 
is led forth by the Archflriesl and the Proto-Deacon, in front of the Holy Door 
{see page 87); and is received by the Bishops in the holy Sanctuary, before the 
Holy Altar. And he straightway kneeleth down on both knees \ in the midst of 
the Bishops. And they take the book of the Holy Gospels, and opening it, they lay 
it j with the writing downward, upon his head, holding it here and there. (14) 

Then the Presiding Bishop saith, so that all may hear ; 

By the election and approbation of the most God-loving Bishops, and 
of all the consecrated Council, 

The grace divine, which always healeth that which is infirm, and 
completeth that which is wanting, through the laying-on of hands 
elevateth thee, the most God-loving Archimandrite {or Hiero-Monk) N., 
duly elected, to be the Bishop of the God-saved cities, NN. 

Wherefore let us pray for him, that the grace of the all-holy Spirit 
may come upon him. 

And a Priest saith : 

Let us pray to the Lord. (Thrice.) 

And while the Bishops hold the book of the Holy Gospels, the Presiding Bishop 
maketh three crosses above the head of him who is being consecrated, blessing 

him : 

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

And while the Bishops lay their right hands upon his head, the Presiding Bishop 
saith this Prayer : 

O Master, Lord our God, who through thine all-laudable Apostle 
Paul hast established for us an ordinance of degrees and ranks, unto 
the service and divine celebration of thine august and all-spotless Mys- 
teries upon thy holy Altar ; first, Apostles, secondly, Prophets, thirdly, 
teachers : Do thou, the same Lord of all, who also hast graciously 



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ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRATING A BISHOP 331 

enabled this chosen person to come under the yoke of the Gospel 
and the dignity of a Bishop through the laying-on of hands of us, his 
fellow Bishops here present, strengthen him by the inspiration and 
power and grace of thy Holy Spirit, as thou didst strengthen thy holy 
Apostles and Prophets ; as thou didst anoint Kings ; as thou hast con- 
secrated Bishops : And make his Bishopric to be blameless ; and adorn- 
ing him with all dignity, present thou him holy, that he may be worthy 
to ask those things which are for the salvation of the people, and that 
thou mayest give ear unto him. For blessed is thy Name, and glori- 
fied thy Kingdom, of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And after the Amen, one of the other consecrating Bishops reciteth the following 
petitions in a low voice, so that only the Prelates there present can hear and 
respond; 

In peace, let us pray to the Lord. 

Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from above, and for the salvation of 
our souls : IJs 

For the peace of the whole world ; for the welfare of 
God's holy Churches, and for the union of them all : IJs 

For the Most Holy Governing Synod, their holiness, suc- 
cour, maintenance, peace, health and salvation, and for the 
work of their hands : Jfc 

For the servant of God, N., now ordained to be a Bishop, 
and for his salvation : Jfc 

That our God who loveth mankind will grant him to 
exercise his episcopal office without stain or blame : IJs 

For our most God-fearing Sovereign Lord, N., the Em- 
peror of All the Russias; and for all the Reigning House; 
and for all their Council and their Army and Navy : IJ 

For this city, and for every city, and for all those who 
entreat of God aid and protection : % 

That he will deliver us from all tribulation, wrath, peril 
and necessity ; IJs 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by thy 
grace. 

Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God. 

To thee, O Lord. 

And when these things have been said, the Presiding Bishop, who also hath his 
hand upon the head of him who is receiving Ordination, prayeth thus ; 

O Lord our God, who, forasmuch as it is impossible for the nature of 



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332 ORDER OF ELECTING AND CONSECRATING A BISHOP 

man to endure the Essence of the Godhead, in thy providence hast 
instituted for us teachers of like nature with ourselves, who maintain 
thine Altar, that they may offer unto thee sacrifice and oblation for all 
thy people ; Do thou, the same Lord, make this man also, who hath 
been proclaimed a steward of the episcopal grace, to be an imitator of 
thee, the true Shepherd, who didst lay down thy life for thy sheep ; to 
be a leader of the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, a reprover 
of the unwise, a teacher of the young, a lamp to the world: that, 
having perfected the souls entrusted unto him in this present life, he 
may stand unashamed before thy throne, and receive the great reward 
which thou hast prepared for those who have contended valiantly for 
the preaching of thy Gospel. 

For thine it is to show mercy, and to save us, O our God, and unto 
thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And after the Amen they lay the book of the Holy Gospels upon the Altar. And 
the Presiding Bishop then putteth the dalmatic (sdkkos) and the other epis- 
copal vestments upon him who hath received Consecration, saying : 

Axios! (15) 

And the Choir singeth the same. 

Then the Bishops kiss him who hath received consecration ; and when the 
customary thanksgivings have been said, the Presiding Bishop proclaimeth the 
Peace before the Epistle. And the Bishops go to the episcopal seats in the apse, 
and sit there. 

And the celebration of the Divine Liturgy is continued. 

And when it is finished, they unvest in the holy Sanctuary, and lead the newly- 
consecrated Bishop to the Presiding Bishop, who putteth upon him the cassock 
of a Bishop; also the pectoral holy image, the mantle ana cowl, blessing him 
with his hand as he doeth it; ana he give th him the rosary. Then the Bishops 
come forth from the Sanctuary, and ascend the dais (kdthedra) which hath been 
prepared; and the Archpriest and the Pro to- Deacon lead him who hath 
received Consecration upon the dais ; and the Presiding Bishop delivereth to 
him the pastoral staff \p6sokh\ with an Exhortation. 

Right Reverend Bishop N. : . . . 

Or, when the Bishop delivereth the staff, he useth this brief Exhortation : 

Receive thou the pastoral staff, that thou mayest feed the flock of 
Christ entrusted unto thee: and be thou a staff and support unto those 
who are obedient. But lead thou the disobedient and the wayward unto 
correction, unto gentleness, and unto obedience ; and they shall con- 
tinue in due submission. 

Then they depart to their abodes, the Archpriest and the Proto-Deacon escorting 
the newly-ordained Bishop to his home. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION, SUNG BY 
SEVEN PRIESTS ASSEMBLED IN A CHURCH, 
OR IN A HOUSE* 

(THE ORDER FOR THE VISITATION OF THE SICK) 

A small table is prepared, upon which is set a vessel containing wheat: and on 
the wheat an empty shrine-lamp. And round about are set seven wands, 
wrapped with cotton for the Anointing, and thrust into the wheat : and the 
book of the Holy Gospels lieth there also : and tapers (2) are given to all the 
Priests. These stand round about the table vested in their chasubles. Then 
the first Priest taketh a censer with incense therein, and censeth round about 
the table of the Holy Oil and the whole church or house ; and taking his stand 
before the table, with his face to the east, he beginneth : 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

And we begin : 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us, O Lord, w^ash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and 
heal our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 
ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive 
those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But 
deliver us from the Evil One : 

Priest For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us wor- 
ship and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. 
{Three reverences.) 

• See Appendix B, IX (1). 



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334 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

Psalm cxliii. 

Hear my prayer, O Lord, and consider my desire ; hearken unto me 
for thy truth and righteousness' sake. And enter not into judgment 
with thy servant ; for in thy sight shall no man living be justified. For 
the enemy hath persecuted my soul ; he hath smitten my life down to 
the ground ; he hath laid me in the darkness, as the men that have been 
long dead. Therefore is my spirit vexed within me ; and my heart within 
me is desolate. Yet do I remember the time past; I muse upon all thy 
works ; yea, I exercise myself in the works of thy hands. I stretch 
forth my hands unto thee ; my soul gaspeth unto thee as a thirsty land 
Hear me, O Lord, and that soon ; for my spirit waxeth faint : hide not 
thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit. 
O let me hear thy loving-kindness betimes in the morning; for in thee 
is my trust ; show thou me the way that I should walk in; for I lift up 
my soul unto thee. Deliver me, O Lord, from mine enemies ; for I flee 
unto thee to hide me. Teach me to do the thing that pleaseth thee; 
for thou art my God ; let thy loving Spirit lead me forth into the land 
of righteousness. Quicken me, O Lord, for thy Name's sake ; and for 
thy righteousness* sake bring my soul out of trouble. And of thy good- 
ness slay mine enemies, and destroy all them that vex my soul ; for I 
am thy servant. 

Glory . . . now, and ever, ... 

Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia; glory to thee, O Lord. {Thrice.) 

And the Deacon reciieih the Little Litany : 

Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary, with all the 
Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life unto 
Christ our God. 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 

Priest For unto thee are due all glory, honour and worship, to the 
Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

And immediately Alleluia, in Tone Vf. t is sung. 
Verse (Stikh) I : O Lord, rebuke me not in thine anger, neither 
chasten me in thy sore displeasure. 

Verse 2 : Have mercy upon me, O Lord, for I am weak. 

Then the Hymns ( Tropari) : 
Have mercy upon us, O Lord, have mercy upon us. For we sinners, 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 335 

void of all defence, do offer unto thee this petition, as unto our Master: 
Have mercy upon us. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 

Have mercy upon us, O Lord, for in thee have we trusted, and be 
not very wroth with us, neithef call thou to remembrance our iniquities ; 
but look down even now upon us, inasmuch as thou art of tender compas- 
sion, and deliver us from our enemies; for thou art our God, and we are 
thy people, we are all the work of thy hand, and we call upon thy Name. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Open unto us the door of thy loving-kindness, O blessed Birth-giver 
of God. In that we set our hope on thee, may we not fail, but through 
thee may we be delivered from all adversities ; for thou art the salva- 
tion of all Christian people. 

Psalm li. 

Have mercy upon me, O God, after thy great goodness ; according 
to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences. Wash me 
throughly from my wickedness, and cleanse me from my sin. For I 
acknowledge my faults, and my sin is ever before me. Against thee only 
have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight; that thou mightest be 
justified in thy saying, and clear when thou art judged. Behold, I was 
shapen in wickedness, and in sin hath my mother conceived me. But lo, 
thou requirest truth in the inward parts, and shalt make me to under- 
stand wisdom secretly. Thou shalt purge me with hyssop, and I shall 
be clean ; thou shalt wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Thou 
shalt make me hear of joy and gladness, that the bones which thou hast 
broken may rejoice. Turn thy face from my sins, and put out all my 
misdeeds. Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit 
within me. Cast me not away from thy presence, and take not thy holy 
Spirit from me. O give me the comfort of thy help again, and stablish 
me with thy free Spirit. Then shall I teach thy ways unto the wicked, 
and sinners shall be converted unto thee. Deliver me from blood-guilti- 
ness, O God, thou that art the God of my health ; and my tongue shall 
sing of thy righteousness. Thou shalt open my lips, O Lord, and my 
mouth shall show thy praise. For thou desirest no sacrifice, else would 
I give it thee ; but thou delightest not in burnt-offerings. The sacrifice 
of God is a troubled spirit : a broken and contrite heart, O God, shalt 
thou not despise. O be favourable and gracious unto Sion ; build thou 
the walls of Jerusalem. Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifice 
of righteousness, with the burnt-offerings and oblations ; then shall they 
offer young bullocks upon thine altar. 

And the Canon, of which the cross-acrostic is: The Prayer of the Oil, a Song of 
Arsenius. 

Canticle /., Tone IV. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). When Israel of old had passed through the 

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336 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

Red Sea's abyss with foot unwet, through the cross-wise stretching forth 
of Moses* hands, they overthrew the host of Amalek in the wilderness. 

Hymns {Tropari). O Master, who ever makest glad the souls, and 
likewise also the bodies of mortal men, with the oil of loving-kindness, 
and preservest also thy faithful by oil: Show compassion also unto 
those who now draw near unto thee through the Oil 

The whole earth is full of thy mercy, O Master : Wherefore we, in 
faith, do beseech thee, that thou wilt bestow upon us, who to-day shall 
be anointed with thy divine and precious Oil, thy mercy which passeth 
understanding. 

Glory . . . 

O thou who lovest mankind, who through thine Apostles didst mer- 
cifully give us a command to perform Holy Unction upon thy sick 
servants : Do thou, through the prayers of the same, have mercy upon 
us all, by thy seal 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {BogorSditchen). O only Pure One, 
who didst give birth to the fathomless Abyss of Peace : By thine 
unceasing prayers unto God deliver thou thy servant from infirmities 
and afflictions ; that he {she) may unceasingly magnify thee. 

Canticle III. 

Theme-Song {Irmds). The Church rejoiceth in thee, O Christ, cry- 
ing : Thou art my fortress, O Lord, my refuge and my strength. 

Hymns {Tropari). Thou who alone art wonderful and merciful unto 
faithful men: Grant thy grace from on high unto thy servant who lieth 
in sore sickness, O Christ, 

O Lord, who once didst show forth an olive-branch unto the abating 
of the Flood, through thy divine command : Save the sufferer, through 
thy mercy. 

Glory . . . 

With the lamp of light divine, in thy mercy make bright, through 
this Unction, O Christ, him {her) who now, in faith, maketh haste to 
thy mercy. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {BogorSditchen). Graciously look 
down from heaven, O Mother of the Creator of all men, and through 
thy prayers dispel the sufferer's bitter pangs. 

Sitting-Hymn {Syedd/en), in Tone VIII. Thou art like a river divine 
of mercy, like a bottomless gulf of great loving-kindness, O Bountiful 
One. Show forth the god-like streams of thy mercy, and heal all men. 
Pour forth abundantly floods of wonders, and wash clean all men : For 
resorting ever unto thee, we fervently implore thy grace. 

Another, in Tone IV. O Physician and Helper of the suffering, O 
Redeemer and. Saviour of the sick: Do thou, the same Master and Lord 
of all, grant healing unto thy sick servant Show compassion, have 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 337 

mercy upon him {her) who hath grievously sinned. And deliver him 
{her), O Christ, from his {her) iniquities, that he {she) may glorify thy 
might divine. 

Canticle IV 

Theme-Song {Irmds). The Church, beholding thee uplifted upon the 
Cross, O Sun of Righteousness, standeth in its stateliness, worthily 
crying : Glory to thy might, O Lord. 

Hymns {Tropari). O Saviour, who like unto chrism incorruptible 
dost empty thyself utterly in grace and purify the world : Show mercy 
and bounty, in god-like wise, upon the bodily wounds of him {Iter) 
who, wiih faith, is now about to receive Unction. 

Forasmuch as, with the tranquillity of thy mercy's seal, thou hast 
now signed the senses of thy servant, O Master, make inaccessible, 
impenetrable the entrance of all adverse powers. 

Glory . . . 

Thou who hast commanded the ailing to summon thine inspired 
ministers, and to procure salvation through prayers, and the anointing 
with thy holy Oil by the same : Save the sufferer by thy mercy, O 
thou who lovest mankind. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogordditchen). O Birth-giver ot 
God, ever-virgin, all-pure, steadfast Refuge and Fortress, Haven and 
Wall, Ladder and battlemented Bulwark : Have mercy and show com- 
passion upon this sick person ; for unto thee alone hath he {she) fled for 
refuge. 

Canticle V. 

Theme-Song {Irm6s). Thou art come, O my Lord, for a light to the 
world, a holy light, which turneth from the darkness of ignorance those 
who with faith sing praises unto thee. 

Hymns {Tropari). O Good One, who art a great deep of mercy; 
through thy mercy divine, O Merciful One, show thou mercy upon this 
sufferer : For thou art tender of heart. 

O Christ who, in wise ineffable, hast sanctified both our souls and 
bodies from on high, by the divine impress of thy seal : Heal us all by 
thy hand. 

Glory . . . 

O Lord, exceeding good, who, through thine unspeakable love, didst* 
accept anointing with precious ointment at the hands of the woman 
who was a sinner: Have compassion upon thy servant. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogordditchen). O all-lauded, pure, 
exceeding gracious Birth-giver of God, have mercy upon those who are 
now to be anointed with the Oil divine : and save thy servant. 

Canticle VI. 

Theme-Song{Irm6s). I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanks- 



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338 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

giving, O Lord, the Church crieth aloud unto thee, in that she hath 
purified herself from the blood of demons by the blood which for the 
sake of mercy flowed from thy side. 

Hymns ( Tropari). O thou who lovest mankind, who didst institute 
anointment for kings by thy words, and by the hands of High Priests 
didst accomplish the same : Save also this sufferer by thy seal ; foras- 
much as thou art of great loving-kindness. 

Let no interposition of malignant demons, O Saviour, touch the senses 
of him (her) who is marked with thine anointing divine ; but hedge him 
(her) about with the bulwark of thy glory. 

Glory ... 

Stretch forth thy hand from on high, O thoju who lovest mankind, 
and having sanctified thine Oil, bestow it, O Saviour, on thy servant, 
unto healing, and unto release from all his (her) ills. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Bogordditcfien). Thou hast mani- 
fested thyself a fruitful olive-tree, in the abode of thy God, O Mother 
of the Creator, and thereby the world is seen to be filled with mercy. 
And thereby, also, thou dost save the sensibility of thy sufferer by thy 
prayers. « 

Collect-Hymn (Konddk), in Tone IL O Fountain of mercy, who art 
exceeding good : Deliver thou from every adversity these persons who, 
with fervent faith, adore thy mercy unspeakable, O Tenderly-compas- 
sionate One ; and taking away their maladies, vouchsafe thou unto them 
grace divine from on high. 

Canticle VIL 

Theme-Song (IrmSs). The Abrahamic Children in the Persian fur- 
nace, fired rather by love of godliness than by the flame, cried aloud: 
Blessed art thou, O Lord, in the tabernacle of thy glory. 

Hymns (Tropari). Thou who in thy mercies and compassions, O 
Saviour and only God, dost heal both the passions of the soul and the 
bodily afflictions of all men : Do thou, the same God, restore this per- 
son who suffereth from bodily infirmities, and heal thou him (her). 

When the heads of all men are anointed with the oil of Unction, vouch- 
safe thou the joy of gladness unto this person, who seeketh the mercy 
of thy redemption, O Christ, bestowing the riches of thy grace, O Lord. 

Glory . . . 

Thy seal is a sword against demons, O Saviour, a fire that consumeth 
the passions of the soul, through the prayers of priests. Wherefore, we 
who have received healing, in faith, do sing praises unto thee. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (BogorSditchen). O Mother of God, 
who within thy womb, in god-like wise didst hold, and ineffably didst 
incarnate him who holdeth all things in the hollow of his hand, merci- 
fully assuage the pangs of this sufferer, we beseech thee. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 339 

Canticle VIIL 

Theme-Song {Irmds). Daniel stretched forth his hand, and stopped 
the gaping mouths of the lions in the pit. And the Holy Children, 
zealous in piety, girding themselves with virtue, quenched the raging 
fire, as they cried : O all ye works of the Lord, bless ye the Lord. 

Hymns ( Tropari). Thou showest mercy on all men, O Saviour, be- 
cause of thy mercy infinite and divine : For which cause all we have 
assembled ourselves together, mystically representing the worship of 
thy bounties, and have brought in faith the anointing with the holy Oil 
unto thy servant : whom also do thou visit. 

By the streams of thy mercy, O Christ, and through anointing by thy 
priests, wash away, in that thou art full of loving-kindness, O Lord, the 
pains and hurts, and the sudden assaults of suffering of him {her) who 
is tormented by the violence of passions ; that he {she) may glorify 
thee with thanksgiving, in that he {she) hath been saved. 

Glory . . . 

Forasmuch as thy mercy divine hath been decreed to us from on high, 
O Master, as a token of condescension and of tranquillity : Take not 
away thy mercy, neither despise thou him {her) who, with faith, contin- 
ually doth cry unto thee: O all ye works of the Lord, bless ye the Lord. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogordditchen). Nature accepted 
thy divine birth-giving, O Pure One, as a crown exceeding glorious, 
which crushed the hosts of the adversary, and conquered their dominion. 
Wherefore, crowned with the joyful radiance of thy grace, we sing 
praises unto thee, O all-hymned Lady. 

Canticle IX. 

Theme-Song {Irmds). The Corner-stone unhewn by hands from thee 
was hewn, O Virgin Mount unquarried, even Christ, who hath bound 
together Nature that had been divided. Therefore, rejoicing, we mag- 
nify thee, O Birth-giver of God. 

Hymns {Tropari). Look down from heaven, O Bountiful One, and 
show forth thy mercy upon all men. Give now thy succour and thy 
strength unto him {her) who draweth near unto thee through divine 
Unction at the hands of thy priests, O thou who lovest mankind. 

O Saviour most good, rejoicing have we beheld the Oil divine, which 
by thy condescension inspired thou hast received, and above the merits 
of the participants hast symbolically imparted unto those who have 
shared in the laver divine. 

Glory . . . 

Show thy bounty, have mercy, O Saviour ; deliver from terrors and 
pains, rescue from the darts of the Evil One the souls and bodies of thy 
servants : Forasmuch as thou art a merciful Lord, who healest by thy 
grace divine. 

Now, and ever, . . . 



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340 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

Hymn to the Birtk-giver of God {Bogordditcken). As thou receivest 
the songs and supplications of thy servapts, O Virgin, so also deliver 
thou from irksome ills and maladies, him {her) who, through us, fleeth 
unto thy divine protection, O All-pure One. 

For meet is it, in truth, to bless thee, the Birth-giver of God, ever- 
blessed, and all-undefiled, and the Mother of our God. More honour- 
able than the Cherubim, and beyond compare more glorious than the 
Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest God the Word, true 
Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Exapostildrion . 

In mercy, O Good One, cast thine eyes upon the petitions of us who 
to-day are come together in thy holy temple, to anoint thy sick ser- 
vant^) with thine Oil divine 

Then the Stanzas (Stikhiri), in Tone IK Thou hast given thy grace, 
O thou who art easy to be entreated and lovest mankind, through thine 
apostles, by thy holy Oil, for the healing of the wounds, as also the in- 
firmities of all men. Have mercy, therefore, upon him {her) who now, 
with faith, hath recourse unto thine Oil, and sanctify, and show mercy, 
in that thou art of tender compassion. Purge him {her) from every ail- 
ment, and vouchsafe unto him {her) thy food incorruptible, O Lord 

Look down from heaven, O Ineffable One, in that thou art of tender 
loving-kindness, who with thy hand invisible hast sealed our senses, 
O thou who lovest mankind, upon him {her) that, through thine Oil 
divine, in faith appealeth unto thee, apd asketh remission of his {lur) 
transgressions. And grant healing for both soul and body, that with 
love he {she) may glorify thee, magnifying thy sovereign power. 

Through anointing with thine Oil, and the touch of thy priests, O thou 
who lovest mankind, sanctify thou from on high thy servant. Free him 
{her) from his {her) infirmities. Purge away his {her) spiritual vileness. 
Wash him {her), O Saviour, and deliver him {her) from greatly entan- 
gling temptations. Assuage his {her) maladies. Banish all obstacles. 
Utterly destroy thou all his {her) afflictions; forasmuch as thou art 
bountiful and full of loving-kindness. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogor6ditchen\ O most pure Pal- 
ace of the King, O greatly extolled One, purify, I implore thee, my 
mind which is stained with all manner of sin, and make it the fair abode 
of the Trinity exceedingly divipe; that, being saved, I, thine unpro- 
fitable servant, may magnify thy power, and thy boundless mercy. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, . . . {See page 333.) Glory . • . now, and 
ever, . . . O all-holy Trinity . . . Lord, have mercy. ( Thrice,) Glory . . . 
now, and ever, . . . Our Father, . . . For thine is the kingdom, . . . 

Then the Hymn % in Tone IV. Thou who alone art a speedy succour, 
O Christ, manifest thy speedy visitation from on high upon thy sick 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 



34* 



servant ; deliver him {her) from his {her) infirmities, and cruel pain ; 
and raise him {her) up again to sing praises unto thee, and without 
ceasing to glorify thee : through the prayers of the Birth-giver of God, 
O thou who alone lovest mankind. 

Then the Deacon, or the principal Priest, saith the following Litany : 

In peace, let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

For the peace that is from above, and for the salvation of our 
souls : ft 

For the peace of the whole world ; for the welfare of God's 
holy Churches, and for the union of them all : ft 

For this holy Temple, and for those who with faith, devout- 
ness, and the fear of God have entered therein : ft 

That he will bless this Oil by the power, and operation, and 
indwelling of the Holy Spirit : ft 

For the servant of God, N., and for his {her) visitation in God ; 
and that the grace of tire Holy Spirit may come upon him 
{her): ft 

That he will deliver him {her) and us from all tribulation, wrath, 
peril and necessity : ft 

Succour us, save us, have mercy upon us, and keep us, O God, by 
thy grace. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Calling to remembrance our most holy, undefiled, most blessed and 
glorious Lady, the Birth-giver of God, and ever-virgin Mary, with all 
the Saints, let us commend ourselves, and each other, and all our life 
unto Christ our God, 

Choir. To thee, O Lord. 



w 

» a 
n a 

91 



Then the principal Priest reciteth the Prayer 
lamp. And in some churches,, wine is poured 
oil, instead of water. (3) 

Let us pray to the Lord. 
Ldrd, have mercy. 

While the Prayer of the Oil is being said, the 
Choir singe tn the following Hymns ; 

Tone IV 

Thou who alone art a speedy succour, 
O Christ, . . ^ {See page 340.) 

Blind of my spiritual eyes, I come unto 
thee, O Christ, as did the man blind from 
his birth, in repentance crying unto thee : 
Have mercy upon me, O thou who illumin- 
est with exceeding brightness them that are 
in darkness. 



of the Oil over the shrine- 
into the shrine-lamp, with the 



The Priest, secretly. 

O Lord who, in 
thy mercies and 
bounties, healest the 
disorders of our souls 
and bodies : Do thou, 
the same Master, 
sanctify this Oil, that 
it may be effectual 
for those who shall 
be anointed there- 
with, unto healing, 
and unto relief from 



every passion, every 



s? 

5 



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342 



THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 



malady of the flesh 
and of the spirit, and 
every ill ; and that 
therein may be glori- 
fied thy most holy 
Name, of the Father, 
and of the Son, and 
of the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 



And the other Priests 
also recite the same 
Prayer* secretly, 
with kirn. 



X 



Tone IIL 

By thine intercession divine, O Lord, raise 
thou up my soul, which is cruelly paralyzed 
by all manner of sin, and by unseemly deeds, 
as thou aforetime didst raise up the para- 
lytic ; that, being saved, I may cry unto thee : 
Grant me healing, O compassionate Christ. 

Tone 1 7. 

As a disciple* of the Lord, O Righteous 
One, thou didst receive the Gospel ; as a 
Martyr, thou hast that which surpasseth 
utterance ; as the brother of God thou hast 
boldness ; as a hierarch, thou hast power 
in prayer. Implore thou Christ our God 
that he will save our souls. 

Tone IV 

The Only-begotten Word of God the Father, who in these latter 
days hath sojourned among us, ordained thee, O James divine, who 
wast sent by God, to be the first shepherd and teacher of them that 
dwelt in Jerusalem, and a faithful steward of spiritual mysteries : 
Wherefore, O Apostle, we all revere thee. 

Tone IIL 

To them of Myra, O Saint f thou didst reveal thyself as a minister 
of Holy Mysteries. For fulfilling the Gospel of Christ, O Venerable 
One, thou didst lay down thy life for thy people, and didst save the in- 
nocent from death. For which cause thou art canonized as a great 
Initiate into the grace of God. 

Tone IIL 

The world hath found in thee a champion great in affliction, O En- 
durer of Pain, who didst put to flight the heathen. For like as thou 
didst humble Lyaeus* pride, and encourage Nestor in his striving for 
the prize, even so, O Saint Demetrius, pray thou unto Christ our God, 
that he will grant unto us great mercy. (4) 

Tone IIL 

O holy Endurer of Pain, and Healer, Panteleimon, beseech thou the 
merciful God that he will grant remission of sins unto our souls. (5) 

Tone VIII 

O sainted Unmercenaries and Wonderworkers, visit ye our infirmi- 
ties. Freely ye have received, freely give ye unto us. 



* Saint James. 



t Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 343 

Tone II. 

Thy grandeur, O Chaste One,* who shall declare ? For thou abound- 
est in wonders, and pourest forth streams of healing, and intercedest 
for our souls, as learned in wisdom divine, and as the friend of Christ. 

O fervent Intercession, and Wall Impregnable, O Fountain of Mercy, 
O Refuge of the world; unto thee we earnestly do cry : O Birth-giver 
of God, O Lady, come thou to our aid, and deliver us from adversity, 
O thou who art a speedy Intercessor. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Priest. Peace be with you all 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. The Gradual (Prokhnen), in the First Tone. Let thy mercy 
be upon us, O Lord, even as we have put our trust in thee. 

Verse (Stikh) : Rejoice in the Lord, O ye righteous ; for praise 
becometh the righteous. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the General Epistle of James. 

Priest. Let us attend. 

Deacon. {James v. 10-lf.) Take, my brethren, the prophets, who 
have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering afflic- 
tion, and of patience. Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye 
have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord ; 
that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy. But above all things, 
my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither 
by any other oath : but let your yea, be yea ; and your nay, nay ; lest 
ye fall into condemnation. Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. 
Is any merry? let him sing psalms. Is any sick among you ? let him 
call for the elders of the church ; and let them pray over him, anoint- 
ing him with oil in the Name of the Lord : and the prayer of faith shall 
save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up ; and if he have committed 
sins, they shall be forgiven him. Confess your faults one to another, 
and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent 
prayer of a righteous man availeth much. 

First Priest Peace be with thee. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. Alleluia, in the Eighth Tone. 

Verse (Stikh) : I will sing unto thee of mercy and judgment, O Lord. 

Priest. Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel. 
Peace be with you all. 

People. And with thy spirit. 

Priest. The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Luke. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee 



Deacon. Let us attend. 



* St John the Divine. 



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344 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTTON 

The Priest then readetk the Gospel (Luke x. 25-38.) 

And behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, 
Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life ? He said unto him, What 
is written in the law ? how readest thou ? And he answering said, Thou 
shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and 
with all thy strength, and with all thy mind ; and thy neighbour as thyself. 
And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt 
live. But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my 
neighbour ? And Jesus answering, said, A certain man went down from 
Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his 
raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. And by 
chance there came down a certain priest that way ; and when he saw him, 
he passed by on the other side. And likewise a Levite, when he was at 
the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side. But 
a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was : and when 
he saw him, he had compassion on him, and went to him, and bound up 
his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and 
brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And on the morrow, when 
he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said 
unto him, Take care of him : and whatsoever thou spendest more, when 
I come again, I will repay thee. Which now of these three, thinkest thou, 
was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves ? And he said, he 
that showed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou 
likewise. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Then the Deacon saith the Litany, 

Have mercy upon us, O God, according to thy great mercy, we be- 
seech thee ; hearken, and have mercy. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) 

Furthermore we pray for mercy, peace, life, health, salvation and 
remission of sins for the servant of God, N. IJ; v 

That he {she) may be pardoned his {her) every transgression, whether 
voluntary or involuntary, let us pray to the Lord, ft 

Exclamation. 

Priest. For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, and unto 
thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord* 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Prayer. 

Priest O thou who art without beginning, eternal, the Holy of 
Holies, who didst send down thine Only-begotten Son to heal every 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 345 

infirmity and every wound, both of our souls and bodies : Send down 
thy Holy Spirit, and sanctify this Oil; and cause it to be for thy servant, 
N., who is about to be anointed therewith, unto perfect remission of his 
(her) sins, and unto inheritance in the kingdom of heaven. 

Some say this Prayer only thus far \ adding here the Exclamation : For thy pro- 
perty it is to show mercy . . . Others recite it to the end. 

For thou art a great and marvellous God, who keepest thy covenant 
and thy mercy towards them that love thee; who givest remission of 
sins through thy Holy Child, Jesus Christ; who regeneratest us from 
sin ; who givest light to the blind ; who raisest up them that are cast 
down ; who lovest the righteous, and showest mercy unto sinners ; who 
leadest us forth again out of darkness and the shadow of death, and 
sayest unto them that are in captivity : Come forth ; and unto them that 
sit in darkness : Be ye unveiled. For he shined in our hearts with the 
light of the knowledge of his presence when, for our sakes, he revealed 
himself upon earth, and dwelt among men ; and unto as many as 
accepted him, to them gave he the power to become the sons of God, 
vouchsafing unto us the adoption of sonship through the laver of regen- 
eration, and causing us to have no share in the assaults of the Devil 
And inasmuch as it hath not pleased thee that we should be cleansed 
by blood, but by holy Oil, thou didst give unto us the image of his 
Cross, that we might become the flock of Christ, a royal priesthood, a 
holy nation ; and didst purify us by water, and sanctify us by thy Holy 
Spirit. Do thou, the same Master, O Lord, vouchsafe unto us grace in 
this thy ministry, as thou didst vouchsafe it unto Moses, thy servant, 
who found favour in thy sight ; and unto Samuel, beloved of thee ; and 
unto John, thy chosen one ; and unto all those who, from generation to 
generation, have been acceptable unto thee. In like manner, make us 
also to be ministers of the new Covenant of thy Son upon this Oil, 
which thou hast acquired unto thyself through the precious blood of thy 
Christ ; that putting away earthly lusts, we may die unto sin, and live 
unto righteousness, being clothed upon with him through the anointing 
with sanctification of this Oil which we are about to summon to our aid. 
Let this Oil, O Lord, become the oil of gladness, the oil of sanctification, 
a royal robe, an armour of might, the averting of every work of the 
Devil, the seal of immunity from snares, the joy of the heart, an eternal 
rejoicing; that they who shall be anointed with this Oil of regeneration 
may be terrible unto their adversaries, and may shine in the radiance of 
thy Saints, having neither spot nor wrinkle ; and that they may attain 
unto thy rest everlasting, and receive the prize of their high calling. 

For thy property it is to show mercy and to save us, O our God ; and 
unto thee do we ascribe glory, together with thine Only-begotten Son, 
and thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. 

Choir. Amen. 



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346 THE OFFICEvOF HOLY UNCTION 

After the Prayer, the Priest taketh one of the wands, and dippeth it in the holy 
Oil, and anointeth the sick person, in cross-form ; on the brow, the nostrils, the 
cheeks, the lips, the breast, and on both sides of the hands, repeating the while 
this Prayer : 

O holy Father, Physician of souls and bodies, who didst send thine 
Only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, which healeth every infirmity 
and delivereth from death : Heal thou, also, thy servant, N., from the 
ills of body and soul which do hinder him (her), and quicken him (her) f 
by the grace of thy Christ ; through the prayers of our most holy 
Lady, the Birth-giver of God and ever-virgin Mary ; through the inter- 
cession of the holy Bodiless Powers of Heaven ; through the might of 
the precious and life-giving Cross ; through the protection of the hon- 
ourable, glorious Prophet, Forerunner and Baptist, John ; of the holy, 
glorious and all-laudable Apostles ; of the hbly, glorious and right-vic- 
torious Martyrs ; of our reverend and God-bearing fathers ; of the holy 
and healing Unmercenaries, Cosmas and Damian, Cyrus and John, 
Panteleimon and Hermolaus, Samson and Diomedes, Photius and Ani- 
cetas ; of the holy and righteous Ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna; 
and of all the Saints. 

For thou art the Fountain of healing, O our God, and unto thee do we 
ascribe glory, together with thine Only-begotten Son, and thy Spirit, 
one in essence, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



This Prayer is said by each of the Priests, after he 
accompanying Prayer^ while he anointeth the pet 



hath read the Gospel and the 
erson with the Oil. 



Deacon. Let us attend. 

Second Priest. Peace be with you all 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Second Tone. The Lord 
is my fortress and my song, and shall be my salvation. 

Verse (Stikh) : In chastening hast thou chastened me, O Lord ; yet 
give me not over unto death. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Romans. 

Priest. Let us attend. 

Deacon. (Romans xv. 1-8.) Brethren, we then that are strong ought 
to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Let 
every one of us please his neighbour for his good to edification. For 
even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches 
of them that reproached thee fell on me. For whatsoever things were 
written aforetime, were written for our learning, that we through pa- 
tience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. Now the God 
of patience and consolation grant you to be like-minded one toward 
another according to Christ Jesus: that ye may with one mind and 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 347 

one mouth glorify God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
Wherefore receive ye one another, as Christ also received us, to the 
glory of God. 

Priest Peace be with thee. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader Alleluia, in the Fifth Tone. 

Verse (Stikh) : I will sing of thy mercy, O Lord, forever. 

Priest Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel 
Peace be with you all 

Choir And with thy spirit. 

Second Priest The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Luke. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Priest then readeth the Gospel (Luke xix. 1-1 1). 

Then Jesus entered and passed through Jericho. And behold, there # 
was a man named Zaccheus, which was the chief among the publicans, 
and he was rich. And he sought to see Jesus who he was ; and could 
not for the press, because he was little of stature. And he ran before, 
and climbed up into a sycamore-tree to see him ; for he was to pass 
that way. And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw 
him, and said unto him, Zaccheus, make haste, and come down : for 
to-day I must abide at thy house. And he made haste, and came down, 
and received him joyfully. And when they saw it, they all murmured, 
saying, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner. And 
Zaccheus stood, and said unto the Lord ; Behold, Lord, the half of my 
goods I give to the poor ; and if I have taken any thing from any man 
by false accusation, I restore him fourfold. And Jesus said unto him, 
This day is salvation come to this house, forasmuch as he also is a son 
of Abraham. For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that 
which was lost. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Then the Deacon straightway reciteth the Litany ; Have mercy upon us, O God, 
according to thy great mercy, . . . with the Exclamation : For thou art a 
merciful God, . . . (Seepage 344.) 

. Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

And the Second Priest saith the following Prayer .• 

O God great and supreme, who art adored by all created beings, 
Fountain of wisdom, Abyss of goodness in very truth unfathomable, 
and Sea illimitable of loving-kindness : do thou, the same Master who 
lovest mankind, the God of things eternal, and of wonders, to the 
understanding of whom none among men by taking thought can attain, 
look down and hear us, thine unworthy servants, and wheresoever in 
thy great Name we shall bring this Oil, send thou down the gift of thy 



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348 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

healing, and remission of sins : and heal him {her), in the multitude of 
thy mercies. Yea, O Lord who art easy to be entreated ; who alone art 
merciful and lovest mankind ; who repentest thee of our evil deeds; 
who knowest how that the mind of man is applied unto wickedness, 
even from his youth up; who desirest not the death of a sinner, but 
rather that he should turn again and live ; who for the salvation of 
sinners didst become incarnate, yet still remaining God, and didst thy- 
self become a created being for the sake of thy creatures ; thou hast 
said : I am not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance ; 
thou didst seek the wandering sheep ; thou didst diligently seek out 
the lost piece of silver, and having found it, thou didst say : He that 
cometh unto me I will in no wise cast out ; thou didst not abhor the 
sinful woman who washed thy precious feet with her tears ; thou didst 
say : As often as thou fallest arise, and thou shalt be saved ; thou art 
he who didst say : There is joy in heaven over one sinner who re- 
penteth. Do ( thou, O tender-hearted Master, look down from the 
height of thy sanctuary, overshadowing us sinners, who are also thine 
unworthy servants, with the grace of the Holy Spirit, at this hour, and 
take up thine abode in thy servant, N., who acknowledged his {her) 
iniquities, and draweth near unto thee in faith ; and accepting him {her) 
because of thy love towards mankind, forgiving him {fur) whatsoever 
he {she) hath done amiss, whether by word, or deed, or thought, forgive 
him {her), cleanse him {her), make him {her) pure from every sin ; and 
abiding ever present with him {her), preserve him {her) all the remain- 
ing years of his {her) life ; that, walking ever in thy statutes, he {she) 
may in no wise again become an object of malignant joy to the Devil ; 
and thy holy Name may be glorified in him {her). 

For thy property it is to show mercy and to save us, O Christ our 
God ; and unto thee do we ascribe glory, together with thy Father who 
is from everlasting, and thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And straightway after this Prayer \ the Second Priest taketh the second wand, 
and dipping it in the holy Ot% he anointeth the sick person, reciting the while 
the Prayer; O holy Father, Physician of souls and bodies, . . . {Seepage 346.) 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Third Priest Peace be with you all. 

Chair. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. The Gradual {Proh/men), in the Fourth Tone. The Lord 
is my light and my salvation ; whom shall I fear ? 

Verse {Stikh) : The Lord is the strength of my life ; of whom shall 
I be afraid? 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Corinthians. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 349 

Priest Let us attend. 

Deacon. (/ Cor. xii. 27-xiii. 1-8.) Brethren, now ye are the body of 
Christ, and members in particular. And God hath set some in the 
church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that 
miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of 
tongues. Are all apostles ? are all prophets ? are all teachers ? are all 
workers of miracles ? Have all the gifts of healing ? do all speak with 
tongues ? do all interpret ? But covet earnestly the best gifts. And 
yet shew I unto you a more excellent way. Though I speak with the 
tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as 
sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of 
prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge ; and though 
I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not char- 
ity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, 
and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it pro- 
fiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind ; charity envieth 
not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave 
itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh 
no evil. Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth ; beareth 
all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. 
Charity never faileth. 

Third Priest. Peace be with thee. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. Alleluia, in the Second Tone. 

Verse (Stikh) : O Lord, in thee have I trusted : let me never be 
confounded. 

Priest Wisdom, O believers! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel. 
Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. / 

Third Priest. The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Matthew. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Third Priest then readeththe Gospel (UzXX. x. 1, 5-9). 

And when Jesus had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave 
them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all 
manner of sickness, and all manner of disease. These twelve Jesus 
sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the 
Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not. But go 
rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And as ye go, preach, 
saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. Heal the sick, cleanse 
the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils : freely ye have received, 
freely give. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 



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3SO THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

And straightway the Deacon reciteth the Litany : Have mercy upon us, O God, 
. . . with the Exclamation : For thou art a merciful God, . . . {Seepage 344.) 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

The Third Priest then saith the following Prayer; 

O Master Almighty, O holy King, who chastenest and yet shayest 
not ; who raisest up them that fall, and restorest them that are cast 
down ; who relievest the bodily afflictions of men : We beseech thee, O 
our God, that thou wilt direct thy mercy upon this Oil, and upon all 
who shall be anointed therewith in thy Name ; that it may be effectual 
unto the healing of their souls and bodies, and unto cleansing, and unto 
the putting away of every infirmity, and disease, and malady, and every 
defilement, both of body and spirit. Yea, Lord, send down from heaven 
thy healing might ; touch the bodies ; quench the fever : soothe the 
pangs, and banish every hidden ailment. Be thou the physician of thy 
servant, N. Raise him (her) up from his {her) bed of sickness, and from 
his [her) couch of suffering, and from his [her) bed of wasting disease, 
whole and perfectly restored to health, vouchsafing unto him (her), 
through thy Church, those things which are well-pleasing unto thee, and 
which work thy will. 

For thy property it is to show mercy and to save us, O our God ; and ' 
unto thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the 
Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And after this Prayer, the Third Priest dippeth the third wand in the holy 
Oil % and anointeth the sick person therewith, repeating the while the Prayer; 
O holy Father, Physician of souls and bodies, . . . (See page 346.) 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Fourth Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir And with thy spirit * 

Reader The Gradual (Prokimen\ in the Fourth Tone. Hear me 
speedily, O Lord, in that day when I shall call upon thee. 

Verse (Stikh) : O Lord, hear my prayer, and the voice of my crying. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Corinthians. 

Priest Let us attend. 

Deacon. (2 Cor vi. 16-viu /.) Brethren, ye are the temple of the 
living God ; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them ; 
and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Wherefore come 
out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch 
not the unclean thing ; and I will receive you ; and will be a Father unto 
you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. 
Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse our 
selves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in 
the fear of God. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 351 

Fourth Priest. Peace be with thee. 
Reader. And with thy spirit. 
Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 
Reader. Alleluia, in the Second Tone. 

Verse (Stikh) : I waited patiently for the Lord, and he heard me. 
Fourth Priest Wisdom, O believers* Let us listen to the Holy Gos- 
pel. Peace be with you all. 
Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Fourth Priest The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Matthew. 
Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 
Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Fourth Priest readeth the Gospel (Matt. viii. 14-24). 

And when Jesus was come into Peter's house, he saw his wife's 
mother laid, and sick of a fever. And he touched her hand, and the 
fever left her : and she arose, and ministered unto them. When the even 
was come, they brought unto him many that were possessed with devils : 
and he cast out the spirits with his word, and healed all that were sick ; 
that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, say- 
ing, Himself took our infirmities and bare our sicknesses. Now when 
Jesus saw great multitudes about him, he gave commandment to depart 
unto the other side. And a certain scribe came, and said unto him, 
Master, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest And Jesus saith 
unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests ; 
but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head. And another of 
his disciples said unto him, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my 
father. But Jesus said unto him, follow me ; and let the dead bury their 
dead. And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed 
him. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Then the Deacon saith the Litany : Have mercy upon us, O God, . . . with the 
Exclamation : For thou art a merciful God, . . . (Seepage 344.) 



&xciamaiwn : r or inou an a merciiui 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 



Then the Fourth Priest pray eth ; 

O good Lord who lovest mankind, compassionate and exceeding 
merciful, plentiful in mercy, and rich in beneficence, the Father of boun- 
ties and God of all comfort, who through thy holy Apostles hast em- 
powered us to heal the infirmities of thy people by oil and prayer : Do 
thou appoint this Oil unto the healing of those who shall be anointed 
therewith ; unto relief from every ailment, and from every malady ; unto 
deliverance from evils of those who await, in firm hope, salvation from 
thee. Yea, O Master, Lord our God, we beseech thee, O Almighty One, 
that thou wilt save us all. O only Physician of souls and bodies, sanctify 
us all. O thou who healest every infirmity, heal also thy servant, N. 



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352 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

Raise him {her) up from his {her) couch of sickness, through the mercies 
of thy goodness. Visit him {her) with thy mercies and thy bounties. Cast 
out of him {her) every ailment and weakness ; that, being raised up by 
thy mighty hand, he {she) may serve thee with all thanksgiving; and 
that we also, who now do share thine inexpressible love towards man- 
kind, may sing praises and glorify thee who perfonnest deeds great and 
marvellous, both glorious and transcendent. 

For thy property it is to show mercy and to save us, O our God ; . . . 
(Seepage 34$.) 

And straightway after this Prayer^ the Fourth Priest taketh the fourth wana\ 
and dipping it in the holy Oil, he anointeth therewith the sick person* reciting 
the while the Prayer: O holy Father, Physician of souls and bodies, . . . 
(Seepage 346.) 

Deacon, Let us attend. 

Fifth Priest. Peace be with you all. 

Choir And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Fifth Tone. Thou, O Lord, 
shalt keep us and protect us, from this generation, forevermore. 

Verse {Stikk) : Save me, O Lord, for the righteous are become few. 

Deacon, Wisdom ! 

Reader The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Corinthians. 

Priest. Let us attend. 

Deacon. {2 Cor. i. 8-12,) For we would not, brethren, have you 
ignorant of our trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed 
out of measure, above strength, insomuch that we despaired even of 
life : but we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should 
not trust in ourselves, but in God which raiseth the dead : who deliv- 
ered us from so great a death, and doth deliver : in whom we trust 
that he will yet deliver us ; ye also helping together by prayer for us, 
that for the gift bestowed upon us by the means of many persons, thanks 
may. be given by many on our behalf. 

Fifth Priest Peace be with thee. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. Alleluia, in the First Tone. 

Verse (Stikh) : I will sing praises unto thy mercy, O Lord, forever. 

Fifth Priest. Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy Gos- 
pel. Peace be with you all. 

Choir And with thy spirit. 

Priest. The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Matthew. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

Choir Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

The Priest. {Matt xxv. 1-14) The Lord spake this parable : Then 
shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 353 

their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them 
were wise, and five were foolish. They that were foolish took their 
lamps, and took no oil with them : but the wise took oil in their vessels 
with their lamps. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and 
slept. And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom 
cometh ; go ye out to meet him. Then all those virgins arose, and 
trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said unto the wise, Give u» of 
your oil : for our lamps are gone out. But the wise answered, saying, 
Not so ; lest there be not enough for us and you : but go ye rather to 
them that sell, and buy for yourselves. And while they went to buy, 
the bridegroom came ; and they that were ready, went in with him to 
the marriage : and the door was shut. Afterward came also the other 
virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us. But he answered and said, 
Verily, I say unto you, I know you not. Watch therefore, for ye know 
neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh. 
Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Then the Deacon saith the Litany: Have mercy upon us, O God, with the 
Exclamation : For thou art a merciful God, who lovest mankind, . . . (See 
page 344.) 



Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 



And the Fifth Priest saith the following Prayer; 

O Lord our God, who chastenest and again healest; who raisest up 
the beggar from the earth, and exaltest the poor man from the dung- 
hill ; O Father of orphans, and Haven of the tempest-tossed, and Phy- 
sician of the ailing, who painlessly didst bear our weaknesses, and accept 
our infirmities ; who showest mercy with gentleness, and passest over 
our wickedness, and takest away our unrighteousness ; who art quick 
to help, and slow to wrath ; who didst breathe upon thy disciples and 
say : Receive ye the Holy Spirit : whosesoever sins ye remit, they are 
remitted unto them ; who acceptest the contrition of sinners, and hast 
power to pardon sins manifold and grievous, and bestowest healing 
upon all who continue in weakness and long-enduring sickness ; who 
hast called me, also, thy humble, and sinful, and unworthy servant, 
entangled in manifold sins, and wallowing in the lusts of pleasures, to 
the holy and exceeding lofty degree of the Priesthood, and to enter in 
within the innermost veil, into the Holy of Holies, whither also the 
Angels desire to penetrate, and to hear the voice of the Lord God 
which announceth glad tidings, and to behold with mine eyes the pre- 
sence of the sacred Oblation, and to take delight in the divine and 
sacred Liturgy : Thou who graciously enablest me to administer, as a 
priest, thy heavenly Mysteries, and to offer unto thee gifts and sacri- 
fices for our sins, and for the ignorances of thy people, and to act as a 
mediator for thy speech-endowed sheep, that thou, through thy great 



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354 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

and unspeakable love towards mankind, mayest cleanse them from their 
iniquities : Do thou, the same exceeding good King, give ear unto my 
prayer in this same hour and holy day, and at every time and place, 
and receive the voice of my supplication, and vouchsafe healing unto thy 
servant, N., who is weak both in soul and in body, granting unto him 
{her) remission of his {her) sins, and pardon of his {her) transgressions, 
both voluntary and involuntary. Bind up his {her) incurable wounds, 
and every ailment, and every malady. Give health to his {her) soul, 
O thou who didst touch the mother-in-law of Peter, whereupon the 
fever left her, and she arose, and ministered unto thee. Do thou, the 
same Master, grant healing also to thy servant, N., and alleviation of 
every hurtful illness; and call to mind thy rich bounties and thy 
mercy. Call to mind how perpetually the mind of man inclineth unto 
evil, even from his youth up, and that not so much as one sinless man 
is to be found upon the earth ; for thou alone art without sin, who 
didst come down and save the human race, and free us from bondage 
to the enemy. For if thou wilt enter into judgment with thy servants, 
none shall be found pure from stain, but every mouth shall be sealed, 
having nought to answer in extenuation ; for like unto cast-off rags is 
all our righteousness in thy presence. Wherefore, O Lord, remember 
thou not the sins of our youth : For thou art the hope of the hopeless, 
and the rest of those who labour and are heavy-laden with iniquity. 
And unto thee do we ascribe glory, together with thy Father who is 
from everlasting, and thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

And straightway after this Prayer, the Fifth Priest taketh the .fifth wand, and 
dipping it in the holy Oil, he anointeth the sick person therewith, reciting the 
while the Prayer : O holy Father, Physician of souls and bodies, with the 
Exclamation. {See page 346.) 

Deacon, Let us attend. 

Sixth Priest Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. The Gradual {Prokimen\ in the Sixth Tone. Have mercy 
upon me, O God, according to thy great mercy. 

Verse (Stikh) : Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right 
spirit within me. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Galatians. 

Priest Let us attend. 

Deacon. {Gal. v. 22-vi. 1-2.) Brethren, the fruit of the Spirit is love, 
joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, tem- 
perance : against such there is no law. And they that are Christ's have 
crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. If we live in the 



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% 

THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION ^ 355 

Spirit* let us also walk in the Spirit. Let us not be desirous of vain- 
glory, provoking one another, envying one another. Brethren, if a man 
be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such a one in 
the spirit of meekness ; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted. 
Bear ye one another's burden^, and so fulfil the law of Christ. 

Priest. Peace be with thee. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. Alleluia, in the Sixth Tone. 

Verse (Stiih): Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord. In his 
commandments he rejoiceth exceedingly. 

PriesL Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the Holy Gospel. 
Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Priest. The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Matthew. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Sixth Priest then readeth the Gospel (Mztt. xiv. 21-29). 

Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and 
Sidon. And behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and 
cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David ; 
my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. But he answered her not 
a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her 
away ; for she crieth after us. But he answered and said, I am not sent 
but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Then came she and wor- 
shipped him, saying, Lord, help me. But he answered and said, It is 
not meet to take the children's bread and to cast it to dogs. And she 
said, Truth, Lord, yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their 
masters' table. Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, 
great is thy faith : be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daugh- 
ter was made whole from that very hour. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Then the Deacon saith the Litany : Have mercy upon us, O God, . . . with the 
Exclamation. {See page 344.) 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 
Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

And the Sixth Priest saith the following Prayer : 
We thank thee, O Lord our God, who art good and lovest mankind, 
the Physician of our souls and bodies, who painlessly hast borne our 
infirmities, by whose stripes we have all been healed, thou good Shep- 
herd, who didst come to seek the wandering sheep ; who givest con- 
solation to the faint-hearted, and life unto those who are broken of 
heart ; who didst heal the flow of the woman who had had an issue 
of blood twelve years ; who didst free the daughter of the Canaanitish 



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35^ THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

woman from the cruel demon ; who forgavest their debt unto the two 
debtors, and didst grant remission of sins unto the woman that was a 
sinner ; who didst vouchsafe healing unto the Paralytic, and likewise 
the remission of his sins ; who didst justify the Publican by thy word, 
and didst accept the Thief at his last confession ; who takest away the 
sins of the world, and wast nailed to the Cross : We beseech thee, and 
entreat thee, in thy goodness loose, remit, forgive, O God, the errors 
of thy servant, N., and his (ker) iniquities, whether voluntary or invol- 
untary, whether of knowledge or of ignorance, whether of excess or of 
disobedience, whether of the night or of the day ; whether he (she) be 
under the ban of a priest, or the curse of father or mother ; whether 
through the sight of his (her) eyes, or his (ker) sense of smell ; whether 
through the union of adultery or the taste of fornication, or through what- 
soever impulse of the flesh and of the spirit he (she) hath departed from 
thy will, and from thy holiness. If we, also, have sinned in like manner, 
forgive ; forasmuch as thou art a good God who rememberest not evil, 
and lovest mankind : and let not him (her) or us fall into evilness of 
life, neither run in hurtful ways. Yea, O Master, Lord, hearken unto 
me, a sinner, in this hour, on behalf of thy servant, N., and overlook all 
his (her) trespasses, forasmuch as thou art a God who rememberest not 
evil. Free him (her) from torment eternal ; fill his (her) mouth with 
thy praise ; open his (her) lips that he (she) may glorify thy holy 
Name ; stretch forth his (her) hand to the performance of thy statutes. 
Guide his (her) feet aright in the way of thy Gospel, strengthening all 
his (her) members and his (her) thoughts, by thy grace. For thou art 
our God, who hast given us a commandment by thy holy Apostles, 
saying : Whatsoever ye bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and 
whatsoever ye loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. And again : 
Unto whomsoever ye remit sins, unto him they shall be remitted, and 
if ye retain them, they shall be retained. And as thou didst hearken 
unto Ezekiel in the sorrow of his soul, at the hour of his death, and 
didst not despise his supplications, so also, in like manner, give ear 
unto me, thy humble, and sinful, and unworthy servant at this hour. 
For thou art the Lord Jesus Christ, who didst command us to forgive 
the erring their sins, even unto seventy times seven, through thy good- 
ness and love towards mankind, and who repentest thee of our wicked- 
ness, and rejoicest over the return of those who have gone astray. For 
as is thy majesty, so also is thy mercy, and unto thee do we ascribe glory, 
together with thy Father who is from everlasting, and thine all-holy, 
and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Choir. Amen. 

And after this Prayer, the Sixth Priest taketh the sixth wand, and dipping it in 
the holy Oil, he anointeth therewith the sick person, reciting the while the 
Prayer: O holy Father, Physician of souls and bodies, with the Exclantatim. 
(See page 346.) 

Deacon. Let us attend. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 357 

Seventh Priest. Peace be with you alL 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. The Gradual (Prokimen), in the Seventh Tone. O Lord, re- 
buke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thy sore displeasure. 

Verse (Stikh) : Have mercy upon me, O Lord, for I am weak. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Reader. The Lesson from the Epistle of the holy Apostle Paul to 
the Thessalonians. 

Priest Let us attend. 

Deacon. (/ The$. v. 14-24.) Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them 
that are unruly, comfort the feeble-minded, support the weak, be patient 
toward all men. See that none render evil for evil unto any man ; but 
ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men. 
Rejoice evermore. Pray without ceasing. In every thing give thanks : 
for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you. Quench not 
the spirit. Despise not prophesyings. Prove all things ; hold fast that 
which is good. Abstain from all appearance of evil. And the very God 
of peace sanctify you wholly ; and I pray God your whole spirit, and 
soul, and body, be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

Seventh Priest. Peace be with thee. 

Reader. And with thy spirit. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! Let us attend. 

Reader. Alleluia, in the Seventh Tone. 

Verse {Stikh) : The Lord hear thee in the day of trouble ; the Name 
of the God of Jacob defend thee. 

Priest. Wisdom, O believers ! Let us listen to the holy Gospel of 
Matthew. Peace be with you all. 

Choir. And with thy spirit. 

Priest. The Lesson from the holy Gospel of Matthew. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 

Deacon. Let us attend. 

The Seventh Priest then reacUth the Gospel (Matt. ix. 9-14). 

And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man named Mat- 
thew, sitting at the receipt of custom : and he saith unto him, Follow 
me. And he arose, and followed him. And it came to pass, as Jesus 
sat at meat in the house, behold, many publicans and sinners came and 
sat down with him and his disciples. And when the Pharisees saw it, 
they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans 
and sinners ? But when Jesus heard that, he said unto them, They that 
be whole need not a physician, but they that are sick. But go ye and 
learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am 
not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance. 

Choir. Glory to thee, O Lord ; glory to thee. 



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35» THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

Then the Deacon saith the Litany : Have mercy upon us, O God, and the Ex- 
clamation. (See page 344.) 

And the Seventh Priest saith the following Prayer: 

O Master, Lord our God, thou art the Physician of souls and bodies, 
who assuagest temporal sufferings and healest every infirmity and every 
wound of men ; who desirest that all men should be saved, and should 
come to the knowledge of the truth ; who desirest not the death of a 
sinner, but that he should turn him again and live : for thou, O Lord, in 
the ancient Covenant, didst ordain repentance unto sinners, unto David 
and the Ninevites, and unto those who went before them, and like- 
wise, at the advent of thy dispensation in the flesh, thou calledst not 
the righteous but sinners to repentance, the Publican, the Woman who 
was a sinner, and the blaspheming Thief, and Paul the Persecutor, 
and Peter, thy chief Apostle, who also thrice denied thee; and gavest 
unto him a promise, saying: Thou art Peter, and on this rock will 
I build my Church, and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it ; 
and I will give thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. For which 
cause, O Good One, who lovest mankind, we also have boldness, ac- 
cording to thy faithful promise, and we beseech thee, and implore thee, 
at this present hour : Give ear unto our supplication, and receive it as 
incense offered unto thee ; and visit thy servant, N. ; and if he {she) 
hath done aught amiss, either by word, or deed, or thought, either by 
night or by day ; if he {she) hath fallen under the ban of a priest, or under 
his {her) own anathema ; or hath been embittered by an oath, and hath 
cursed himself {herself) : We beseech thee, and supplicate thee : loose, 
pardon, forgive him {her) f O God, overlooking his {her) sins and 
wickednesses, both those which he {she) hath done knowingly, and 
those which he {she) hath committed in ignorance. And if he {she) 
hath transgressed thy commandments, or hath sinned because he [she) 
beareth flesh, and dwelleth in the world, or through the wiles of the 
Devil, do thou, forasmuch as thou art a good God and lovest mankind, 
forgive; for there is no man who liveth and sinneth not. For thou 
only art sinless, thy righteousness is righteousness to all eternity, and 
thy word is truth. Because thou hast not created man for destruction, 
but for the keeping of thy commandments, and for the inheritance of 
life incorruptible; and unto thee do we ascribe glory, together with the 
Father, and the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

And after this Prayer, the Seventh Priest taketh the seventh wand, and dipping 
it in the holy Oil, he anointeth therewith the sick person, reciting the while the 
Prayer : O holy Father, Physician of souls and bodies, with the Exclamation. 
(See page 346.) 

At the conclusion of the Anointing, the sick person, if he be able % shall himself go 
among the Priests ; or, supported by his own people, he shall stand or sit among 
them. 



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THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 359 

But if he be not able, the Priests shall gather about him, as he lieth on his couch. 
And the principal Priest, taking the book of the Holy Gospels, and opening it, 
shall lay it, with the writing down, on the head of the sick person, the book 
being held by all the Priests. 

And the principal Priest doth not lay on his hand, but reciteth, aloud, this 
Prayer: (7) 

O holy King, compassionate and all-merciful Lord Jesus Christ, Son 
and Word of the living God, who desirest not the death of a sinner, but 
rather that he should turn from his wickedness and live : I lay not my 
sinful hand upon the head of him [her) who is come unto thee in ini- 
quities, and asketh of thee, through us, the pardon of his {her) sins, but 
thy strong and mighty hand, which is in this, thy Holy Gospels, that is 
now held by my fellow-ministers, upon the head of thy servant, N. 
And with them I, also, beseech and entreat thy merciful compassion 
and love of mankind, which cherisheth no remembrance of evil, O God 
our Saviour, who by the hand of thy prophet Nathan didst give remis- 
sion of his sins unto penitent David, and didst accept Manasses* prayer 
of contrition : Do thou, the same Lord, receive also with thy wonted 
tender love towards mankind, this thy servant, N., who repenteth him 
(her) of his (her) sore transgressions, regarding not all his (her) tres- 
passes. For thou art our God, who hast commanded that we forgive, 
even unto seventy times seven, those who fall into sin. For as is thy 
majesty, so also is thy mercy : and unto thee are due all glory, honour 
and worship, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Then, taking the book of the Holy Gospels from the head of the sick person, they 
give it to Him to kiss. 

And the Deacon straightway reciteth the Litany ; Have mercy upon us, O God, 
with the Exclamation* . . . (See page 344.) 

Then the Choir singeth : Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy 
Spirit. 

Hymn (Tropdr\ in Tone IV. Forasmuch as ye have a fountain of 
healing, O Unmercenary Ones, ye bestow healing upon all those who ask 
it, in that ye have been accounted worthy of exceeding great gifts from 
the Fountain ever-flowing, our Saviour. For the Lord hath said unto 
you, as unto zealous labourers, equal in zeal to the Apostles : Behold, I 
have given you power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal 
every infirmity, and every malady. Wherefore, as ye have nobly lived, 
according to his commandments, freely ye have received, and freely do 
ye give, healing the ills of our souls and bodies. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God, in the same Tone. Regard the 
prayers of thy servants, O all-undefiled One, who quenchest the fierce 
attacks upon us, giving us release from every adversity : for thee alone 
have we as an anchor firm and assured, and have acquired thy protec- 
tion, O Lady ; and all we who call upon thee shall not be put to con- 



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360 THE OFFICE OF HOLY UNCTION 

fusion. Make haste to the petitions of those who with faith cry unto 
thee : Hail, O Lady ! O Help of all men ! O Joy and Refuge, and 
Salvation of our souls! 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. (Tkrice.) 

Bless. 

And the Benediction. 

May Christ our true God, through the prayers of his most pure 
Mother; by the might of the precious and life-giving Cross; of the 
holy, glorious and all-laudable James, the Apostle and the first Bishop of 
Jerusalem, the brother of God ; and of all the Saints; save us and have 
mercy upon us, forasmuch as he is good, and loveth mankind. 

And the Person who hath received Unction with Prayer maketh a reverence, 
saying : 



Bless me, holy Fathers. Pardon me, a sinner. {Thrice.) 

\nd having 
unto Goa 



And having received their blessing and pardon, he goeth thence, giving thanks 
~od. 



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THE OFFICE AT THE PARTING OF THE 
SOUL FROM THE BODY 

The Abbot cometh to a monk, or his Father Confessor to a layman, and inquireth 
if there be any word or deed which hath been forgotten* or baseness* or any 
wrath against any brother* which hath remained unconfessed* oris unforgiven ; 
he must search all there is* and interrogate the dying man concerning each 
one. 

Then the Priest beginneth : 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. {Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal 
our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As - we forgive 
those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But 
deliver us from the Evil One : 

For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and unto 
ages of ages. Amen. 

Lord, have mercy. {Twelve times.) 

O come, let us worship God our King. O come, let us worship and 
fall down before Christ, our King and our God. O come, let us worship 
and fall down before the Very Christ, our King and our God. ( Three 
reverences.) 

Psalm li. 

Have mercy upon me, O God, after thy great goodness ; according 
to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences. Wash me 
throughly from my wickedness, and cleanse me from my sin. For I ac- 
knowledge my faults, and my sin is ever before me. Against thee only 
have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight ; that thou mightest be justi- 
fied in thy saying and clear when thou art judged. Behold I was shapen 
in wickedness, and in sin hath my mother conceived me. But lo, thou 
requirest truth in the inward parts, and shalt make me to understand 
wisdom secretly. Thou shalt purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean ; 
thou shalt wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Thou shalt make 



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362 OFFICE AT THE PARTING OF THE SOUL FROM THE BODY 

me hear of joy and gladness, that the bones which thou hast broken 
may rejoice. Turn thy face from my sins, and put out all my misdeeds. 
Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me. 
Cast me not away from thy presence, and take not thy Holy Spirit from 
me. O give me the comfort of thy help again, and stablish me with 
thy free Spirit.. Then shall I teach thy ways unto the wicked, and sin- 
ners shall be converted unto thee. Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O 
God, thou that art the God of my health ; and my tongue shall sing of 
thy righteousness. Thou shalt open my lips, O Lord, and my mouth 
shall show thy praise. For thou desirest no sacrifice, else would I give 
it thee ; but thou delightest not in burnt-offerings. The sacrifice of God 
is a troubled spirit : a broken and contrite heart, O God, shalt thou 
not despise. O be favourable and gracious unto Sion : build thou the 
walls of Jerusalem. Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifice of 
righteousness, with the burnt-offerings and oblations : then shall they 
offer young bullocks upon thine altar. 

A Canon of Prayer to the All-undeftled Birth-giver of God % with Theme-Songs 
ilrmosi) in the Sixth Tone, on behalf of a man whose soul is departing, and 
who cannot speak. 

Canticle I. 

Theme-Song (Trmds). When Israel passed on foot over the deep, as 
it had been dry land, and beheld their pursuer Pharaoh engulfed in the 
sea, they cried aloud : Let us sing unto God a song of victory. 

Refrain. O all-holy Birth-giver of God, save us.* 

Hymns (IVopari). Like drops of rain my evil days and few, dried 
up by summer's heat, already gently vanish : O Lady, save me. 

through thy tenderness of heart and thy many bounties, by nature 
inclined thereto, O Lady, in this dread hour intercede for me, O Helper 
Invincible ! 

Great terror now imprisoneth my soul, trembling unutterable and 
grievous, when forth from the body it must go : Comfort thou it, 
All-undefiled One. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit 

O Refuge renowned for the sinful and contrite, make thy mercy 
known upon me, O Pure One, and deliver me from the hands of 
demons : For many dogs have compassed me about. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Lo, now is the hour for succour, lo, now the hour for thine interces- 
sion ; lo, now, the time because of which, day and night I have bowed 
down before thee, and prayed fervently unto thee, O Lady. 

Canticle III. 

Theme- Song {Irmos). There is none holy like unto thee, O Lord, 
my God, who hast exalted the horn of thy faithful, O Good One, and 
hast established us upon the rock of thy confession. 

* After each Tnhos and Hymn, except the Collect-Hymn and the Ikos. 



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OFFICE AT THE PARTING OF THE SOUL FROM THE BODY 363 

Hymns ( Tropari). Inasmuch as I foresaw this day from afar, O Lady, 
meditating ever upon it as though it were come, with hot tears I have 
prayed unto thee that thou wouldst not forget me. 

The assembly of the crafty, gaping, have compassed me round about, 
and seek to bear me away and bitterly torment me. Crush thou their 
jaws and save me, O Pure One. 

For as an organ of speech I am altogether extinguished, and my 
tongue is bound, and mine eye closeth. In contrition of heart I en- 
treat thee: O my Deliverer, save me. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Incline thine ear unto me, O Mother of Christ my God, from the 
height of thy great glory, O Good One ; and hear my last groan, and 
give me thy hand. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Turn not from me thy many bounties ; shut not the bowels of thy 
love toward mankind, O Pure One : but intercede for me now, and in 
the hour of judgment remember thou me. 

Canticle IV. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). Christ is my strength, my God and my Lord, 
the august Church doth sing in God-befitting wise, crying aloud and 
out of a pure mind keeping festival unto the Lord. 

Hymns (Tropari). Appoint thou now a washing for sin, a stream of 
tears, O Good One, receiving the contrition of my heart In thee have 
I set my hope, O Good One, when thou deliverest me from frightful 
fiery torment ; forasmuch as thou art the Fountain of Grace, O Birth- 
giver of God. 

O Refuge which maketh not ashamed, and infallible unto all who* 
are in need, Lady all-undefiled, be thou my defender in the hour of 
trial 

Stretch forth, O All-pure One, thine all-honourable hands, like unto 
the wings of a holy dove, under whose protection and shelter cover 
thou me, O Lady. 

Glory . . . 

O Conqueror and-Tormentor of the fierce Prince of the air, O Guard- 
ian of the dread path, and Searcher of these vain words, help thou me 
to pass over unhindered, as I depart from earth. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Lo, terror is come to meet me, O Lady, and I fear it ; lo, a great 
ordeal hath seized hold upon me, wherein be thou my helper, O thou 
Hope of my salvation. 

Canticle V. 

Theme-Song {Irmds). With thy light divine, O Good One, illumine 
thou, I pray thee, the souls of those who wake early unto thee with 
love : that they may know thee, O Word of God, who callest forth 
from the gloom of sin. 



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364 OFFICE AT THE PARTING OF THE SOUL FROM THE BODY 

Hymns ( Tropari). Forget me not, O Good One, neither turn thou 
away thy face from me, thy child ; but hear me, for I am in trouble ; 
and receive thou my soul, and deliver it. 

Ye who are my kinsfolk in the flesh, and ye who are my brethren in 
the spirit, my friends and wonted acquaintance, weep ye, sigh, wail: 
For lo, now am I departing from you. 

No one now delivereth, and, 01 a truth, there is none to aid. Suc- 
cour thou me, O Lady ; else as a helpless man shall I be captive in the 
hands of mine enemies. 

Glory . . . 

Having entered, O ye my holy Angels, before the Judgment Seat of 
Christ, bending in thought your supersensual knees, cry ye with weep- 
ing unto him : Have mercy, O Maker of all men, upon the work of thy 
hands, O Good One ; and cast it not away. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Bowing down before the Sovereign Lady and all-pure Mother of ray 
God, pray ye that she will bend her knees together with you ; and she 
shall bend Him to mercy : For the true Mother and Nourisher will be 
heard. 

Canticle VL 

Theme- Song {Lrm6s\ Forasmuch as I behold the sea of life surging 
high with the tempest of temptations, I have fled to thy tranquil haven 
and cry aloud unto thee: Lead thou my life forth from corruption, 
O Most Merciful One. 

Hymns {Tropari), My mouth is silent, and my tongue speaketh not, 
but my heart maketh utterance: For that fire of contrition which in- 
wardly devoureth is kindled, and in tones inexpressible invoketh thee, 
O Virgin. 

Look down upon me from on high, O Mother of God, and mercifully 
hearken now to my supplication ; that having beheld thee I may go 
forth from the body rejoicing. 

The destruction of ties, and the overthrow of nature's laws of union, 
and of the whole corporeal structure, cause me anguish and distress 
intolerable. 

Glory . . . 

To the honourable arms of the holy Angels transfer me, O Lady; 
that covered with their wings I behold not the ignominious and revolt- 
ing and gloomy forms of devils. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

O All-honourable Abode of God, grant unto me the heavenly, the 
supersensual abode, after that thou hast kindled my expiring and un- 
radiant light by the holy oil of thy mercy. 

Collect-Hymn (Konddk), in Tone VL 

Arise, O my soul, why sleepest thou ? The end draweth near, and 



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OFFICE AT THE PARTING OF THE SOUL FROM THE BODY 365 

thou must speak. Arise, therefore, from thy sleep, and Christ our God, 
who is in all places and filleth all things, shall spare thee. 

Ikes. 

The Devil, when he beheld the healing of Christ thrown open, and 
the health which flowed therefrom unto Adam, being sore smitten as 
it were with a calamity, wailed and cried unto his. friends : What shall 
I do unto the Son of Mary? The Bethlehemite, who is in all places and 
filleth all things, doth slay me. 

Canticle VII 

Theme-Song {Irmds). An Angel made the fiery furnace to drop dew 
for the Holy Children, but the command of God, consuming the Chal- 
daeans with fire, prevailed upon the tormentor to cry aloud : Blessed art 
thou, O God of our fathers ! 

Hymns (TropaH). The night of death, gloomy and moonless, hath 
overtaken me, still unprepared, sending me forth on that long and dread- 
ful journey. But let thy mercy accompany me, O Lady. 

Lo, all my days are vanished, of a truth, in vanity, as it is written, 
and my years also in vain; and now the snares of death, which of a 
truth are bitter, have entangled my soul, and have compassed me round 
about. 

Let not the multitude of my sins conquer thy great tenderness of 
heart, O Lady. But let thy mercy compass me round about, and it shall 
cover all my transgressions. 

Glory ... 

They who shall lead me hence are come, and hem me in on every 
side ; but my soul holdeth back and is dismayed, being filled with much 
rebellion ; the which allay thou, O Pure One, by thy manifestation. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Not one have I found who grieveth over my affliction, or who com- 
forteth me, O Lady : For all my friends and acquaintance have aban- 
doned me. But do thou, O my Hope, in no wise forsake me. 

Canticle VIII. 

Theme-Song {Irmds). Out of the flames thou didst shed forth dew 
upon the Godly Ones, and with water didst kindle the sacrifice of the 
Righteous One. For thou doest all things which thou wiliest, O Christ. 
Thee will we exalt unto all the ages. 

Hymns {Tropari). As the Mother loving mankind of the God who 
loveth mankind, look thou with calm and merciful eye when my soul 
from its body shall part ; and I will glorify thee forever, O holy Birth- 
giver of God. 

Vouchsafe that I may escape the hordes of bodiless barbarians, and 
rise through the abysses of the air, and enter into heaven ; and I will 
glorify thee forever, O holy Birth-giver of God. 

O thou who didst bear the Lord Almighty, banish thou far from me 



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366 OFFICE AT THE PARTING OF THE SOUL FROM THE BODY 

when I come to die, the chieftain of bitter torments who ruleth the uni- 
verse ; and I will glorify thee forever, O holy Birth-giver of God. 

Glory . . . 

When the last great trump shall sound unto the frightful and dread 
Resurrection of the Judgment Day, and all shall rise from the dead ; 
then remember thou me, O holy Birth-giver of God. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

O lofty Palace of Christ our Master, who hast sent down thy grace 
from on high, aid thou me now, in the day of wrath ; and I will glorify 
thee forever, O holy Birth-giver of God. 

Canticle IX: 

Theme-Song (Irmds). It is not possible that men should see God, 
upon whom the Orders of the Angels dare not gaze : but through thee, 
O All-pure One, was the Word Incarnate manifested unto men ; Whom 
magnifying, together with the Heavenly Hosts, we call thee blessed. 

Hymns ( Tropari). Oh, how shall I look upon the invisible ? How 
shall I endure its vision dread? How shall I dare mine eyes to open? 
How shall I dare to gaze upon my Master, whom I have not ceased, 
from my youth up, ever to grieve ? 

O Holy Maiden, Birth-giver of God, look with mercy upon my meek- 
ness. Receive this propitiatory and final prayer, and from the fire that 
tortureth to all eternity make thou haste to deliver me. 

I, who have defiled the holy temples, on quitting this vile temple of 
the body, do beseech thee, O all-honourable Temple of God, Maiden, 
Virgin Mother, that my soul may escape outer darkness, and the burning 
of fierce Gehenna. 

Glory . . . 

Forasmuch as I now behold the end of my life draw near, and am a 
worker of unseemly thoughts and deeds, O All-pure One, I am cruelly 
smitten with the stings of conscience, O Maker of my soul. But do thou 
mercifully incline unto me ; and be thou my Intercessor. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

The Son will give himself unto us for mercy, the Son of God and 
King of the Angels, the Man Eternal, coming forth from thy pure 
blood ; Whom do thou propitiate, O Maiden, on behalf of my passion- 
tossed soul, which is cruelly wrested from my body accursed. 

Meet is it, in truth, to bless thee, the Birth-giver of God, ever-blessed 
and all-undefiled, and the Mother of our God. More honourable than the 
Cherubim, and beyond compare more glorious than the Seraphim, thou 
who without defilement barest Gpd the Word, true Birth-giver of God* 
we magnify thee. 

The Prayers said by the Priest at the Departure of a SouL 

O Lord God Almighty, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who 
wiliest that all men should be saved, and should come unto the know- 



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OFFICE AT THE PARTING OF THE SOUL FROM THE BODY 367 

ledge of the truth ; who desirest not the death of a sinner, but that 
he should turn again and live : We pray thee and implore thee, absolve 
thou thy servant, N., from every bond, and deliver him {her) from 
every curse. Pardon his {her) transgressions, both of knowledge and of 
ignorance, both of deed and of word, which he {she) hath committed 
from his {her) youth up, and hath cleanly confessed or hath concealed, 
either through forgetfulness or through shame. For thou alone loosest 
those things which are bound, and guidest aright the contrite, and art 
the hope of the despairing, and mighty to remit the sins of every man 
who putteth his trust in thee. Yea, O God who lovest mankind, give 
thou command, and he shall be released from the bonds of the flesh and 
of sin ; and receive thou in peace the soul of this thy servant, N., and 
give it rest in the everlasting mansions, with thy Saints ; through the 
grace of thine Only-begotten Son, our Lord, and God, and Saviour 
Jesus Christ: with whom also thou art blessed, together with thine all- 
holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of 
ages. Amen. 

Or: Let us pray to the Lord. 

Lord, have mercy. 

O Master, Lord our God Almighty, who wiliest that all men should 
be saved and should come to a knowledge of the truth ; who desirest 
not the death of a sinner, but that he should turn again and be saved : 
We pray thee and beseech thee, deliver thou the soul of thy servant, 
N., from every bond, free it from every curse. For thou art he who 
delivereth them that are bound, and guideth aright them that are cast 
down, O Hope of the hopeless. Wherefore, O Master, command that 
the soul of thy servant, N., may depart in peace, and may rest in thine 
everlasting mansions with all thy Saints ; through thine Only-begotten 
Son, with whom thou art blessed, together with thine all-holy, and good, 
and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Another Prayer for a Person who hath suffered long^ and is on the point of 
death. 

O Lord our God, who in thine ineffable wisdom hast created man, 
fashioning him out of the dust, and adorning him with comeliness and 
goodness, as an honourable and heavenly acquisition, to the exaltation 
and magnificence of thy glory and kingdom, that thou mightest bring 
him into this image and likeness ; but forasmuch as he sinned against 
the command of thy statute, having accepted the image but preserved it 
not, for which reason, also, evil shall not be eternal : Thou hast ordained 
remittance unto the same, through thy love toward mankind ; and that 
this indestructible bond, which as the God of our fathers thou hadst 
sanctified by thy divine will, should be dissolved, and that his body 
should dissolve, but his soul should be translated to that place where 
it shall take up its abode until the final Resurrection. Therefore we 
pray unto thee, the Father who is from everlasting, and immortal, and 



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368 OFFICE AT THE PARTING OF THE SOUL FROM THE BODY 

unto thine Only-begotten Son, and unto thine all-holy Spirit, that 
thou wilt deliver N. from the body unto repose. And if he (she) in any 
wise, whether of knowledge or in ignorance, hath offended thy good- 
ness, or is under the ban of a priest, or hath embittered his {her) 
parents, or hath broken a vow, or hath fallen into devilish imagina- 
tions and shameful sorceries, through the malice of the crafty demon: 
Yea, O Master, Lord our God, hearken unto me a sinner and thine un- 
worthy servant in this hour, and deliver thy servant, N., from this 
intolerable sickness which holdeth him (her) in bitter impotency, and 
give him (her) rest where the souls of the righteous dwell. For thou 
art the repose of our souls and of our bodies, and unto thee do we 
ascribe glory, to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, 
now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD 

(LAYMEN) (i)» 

When an Orthodox believer dieth, his relatives straightway give notice thereof 
unto the Priest, who, when he is come to the house in which the remains of ike 
dead man lie, and hath put on his priestly stole {epitrakhil\ and hath placed 
incense in the censer, censeth the body of the dead, and those present; and 
beginneth as usual ; 

Blessed is our God always, now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. 
Amen. 

And those who stand there begin : 

O Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal One, have mercy upon 
us. (Thrice.} 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

O all-holy Trinity, have mercy upon us. O Lord, wash away our 
sins. O Master, pardon our transgressions. O Holy One, visit and heal 
our infirmities, for thy Name's sake. 

Lord, have mercy. {Thrice.) Glory . . . now, and ever, . . . 

Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy king- 
dom come. Thy will be done on earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this 
day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive those 
who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver 
us from the Evil One : 

Priest. For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, now, and ever, and 
unto ages of ages. Amen. 

And immediately the following Hymns ( Tropari), in Tone IV., are sung : 

With the souls of the righteous dead give rest, O Saviour, to the 
soul of thy servant, preserving it unto the life of blessedness which is 
with thee, O thou who lovest mankind. 

In the place of thy rest, O Lord, where all thy Saints repose, give 
rest also to the soul of thy servant ; for thou only lovest mankind. 

Glory . . . 

Thou art the God who descended into Hell, and loosed the bonds of 
the captives. Do thou give rest also to the soul of thy servant. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

O Virgin alone Pure and Undefiled, who without seed didst bring 
forth God, pray thou that his {her) soul may be saved. 

* For explanations, indicated by numbers, see Appendix, B, X. 



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37o THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 



And the Priest \ meanwhile \ saith, 
secretly, the following Prayer : 

O God of spirits, and of all 
flesh, who hast trampled down 
Death, and overthrown the Devil, 
and given life unto thy world : 
Do thou, the same Lord, give 
rest to the soul of thy departed 
servant, N., in a place of bright- 
ness, a place of verdure, a place 
of repose, whence all sickness, 
sorrow and sighing have fled 
away. Pardon every transgres- 
sion which he {she) hath com- 
mitted, whether by word, or deed, 
or thought. For thou art a good 
God, and lovest mankind; be- 
cause there is no man who liveth 
and sinneth not : for thou only 
art without sin, and thy righteous- 
ness is to all eternity, and thy 
word is true. 



Deacon. Have mercy upon us, 
O God, according to thy great 
mercy, we beseech thee : heark- 
en, and have mercy. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 
{Thrice.) 

Furthermore we pray for the 
repose of the soul of the servant 
of God departed this life, N. ; and 
that thou wilt pardon his {her) 
sins both voluntary and involun- 
tary, ft 

That the Lord God will estab- 
lish his {her) soul where the just 
repose, ft 

The mercies of God, the king- 
dom of heaven, and the remis- 
sion of his {her) sins, we entreat 
of Christ, our King Immortal and 
our God. 

Choir. Grant it, O Lord. 

Exclamation. For thou art the 
Resurrection, and the Life, and 
the Repose of thy departed servant, N., O Christ our God, and unto 
thee we ascribe glory, together with thy Father who is from everlast- 
ing, and thine all-holy, and good, and life-giving Spirit, now, and ever, 
and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Deacon. Wisdom ! 

Choir. More honourable than the Cherubim, and beyond compare 
more glorious than the Seraphim, thou who without defilement barest 
God the Word, true Birth-giver of God, we magnify thee. 

Lord, have mercy. ( Thrice.) 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 

and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. Bless. 

And straightway the Priest giveth the Benediction. 

May Christ, our true God, who hath dominion over the living and 
the dead : through the prayers of his all-holy Mother ; of our righteous 
and God-bearing fathers ; and of all the Saints, establish the soul of his 
servant, N., departed this life, in his holy mansions, and number him 
{her) among the just ; and have mercy upon us : Forasmuch as he is 
good and loveth mankind. 

And if all things are now ready for the departure, the Priest beginneth again ; 

Blessed is our God . . . {See page 369.) 

And we begin to sing,, with all awe and emotion; O Holy God, Holy Mighty, 
(2) . . . (See page &).) 



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THE ORDER FOR THE^BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 3 7r 

And taking up the mortal remains of the departed^ we come, bearing tapers, unto 
the Church, preceded by the Priest, and by the Deacon with the censer. And 
when we come to the Church, the remains are deposited in the porch (or in the 
Church, as is the custom in Russia). And the beginning is : 

Psalm xci. 

Whoso dwelleth under the defence of the Most High, shall abide 
under the shadow of the Almighty. I will say unto the Lord, Thou art 
my hope, and my stronghold ; my God, in him will I trust. For he shall 
deliver thee from the snare of the hunter, and from the noisome pesti- 
lence. He shall defend thee under his wings, and thou shalt be safe 
under his feathers ; his faithfulness and truth shall be thy shield and 
buckler. Thou shalt not be afraid for any terror by night, nor for the 
arrow that flieth by day ; for the pestilence that walketh in darkness, 
nor for the sickness that destroyeth in the noon-day. A thousand shall 
fall beside thee, and ten thousand at thy right hand ; but it shall not 
come nigh thee. Yea, with thine eyes shalt thou behold, and see the 
reward of the ungodly. For thou, Lord, art my hope ; thou hast set 
thine house of defence very high. There shall no evil happen unto thee, 
neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. For he shall give his 
angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear 
thee in their hands, that thou hurt not thy foot against a stone. Thou 
shalt go upon the lion and adder : the young lion and the dragon shalt 
thou tread under thy feet. Because he hath set his love upon me, there- 
fore will I deliver him ; I will set him up, because he hath known my 
Name. He shall call upon me, and I will hear him ; yea, I am with 
him in trouble ; I will deliver him, and bring him to honour. With 
long life will I satisfy him, and show him my salvation. 

Blessed art thou, O Lord : teach me thy statutes. 

Then the first portion 0/" Psalm cxix. is chanted, in Tone VI.: Blessed are those 
that are undented in the way, and walk in the law of the Lord. 

Psaj,m cxix.* 

Blessed are those that are undefiled in the way, and walk in the law 
of the Lord, ft 

Refrain. Alleluia. 

Blessed are they that keep his testimonies, and seek him with their 
whole heart, ft 

For they who do no wickedness, walk in his ways, ft 

Thou hast charged that we shall diligently keep thy commandments, ft 

that my ways were made so direct, that I might keep thy statutes ! ft 
So shall I not be confounded, while I have respect unto all thy com- 
mandments, ft 

1 will thank thee with an unfeigned heart, when I shall have learned 
the judgments of thy righteousness, ft 

I will keep thy ceremonies ; O forsake me not utterly, ft 

* For the abbreviated form generally used, see page 378. 



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372 THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 

Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? even by ruling 
himself after thy word. ft 

With my whole, heart have I sought thee ; O let me not go wrong 
out of thy commandments ! ft 

Thy words have I hid within my heart, that I should not sin against 
thee. ft 

Blessed art thou, O Lord ; O teach me thy statutes ! ft 

With my lips have I been telling of all the judgments of thy 
mouth, ft 

I have had as great delight in the way of thy testimonies, as in all 
manner of riches, ft 

I will talk of thy commandments, and have respect unto thy ways, ft 

My delight shall be in thy statutes, and I will not forget thy word, ft 

do well unto thy servant ; that I may live, and keep thy word, ft 
Open thou mine eyes ; that I may see the wondrous things of thy 

law. ft 

1 am a stranger upon earth ; O hide not thy commandments from 
me! ft 

My soul breaketh out for the very fervent desire that it hath alway 
unto thy judgments, ft 

Thou hast rebuked the proud ; and cursed are they that do err from 
thy commandments, ft 

turn from me shame and rebuke; for I have kept thy testi- 
monies, ft 

Princes also did sit and speak against me ; but thy servant is occu- 
pied in thy statutes, ft 

For thy testimonies are my delight, and my counsellors, ft 
My soul cleaveth to the dust ; O quicken thou me, according to thy 
word, ft 

1 have acknowledged my ways, and thou heardest me : O teach me 
thy statutes ! ft 

Make me to understand the way of thy commandments ; and so shall 
I talk of thy wondrous works, ft 

My soul melteth away for very heaviness ; comfort thou me accord- 
ing unto thy word, ft 

Take from me the way of lying, and cause thou me to make much 
of thy law. ft 

I have chosen the way of truth, and thy judgments have I laid before 
me. ft 

I have stuck unto thy testimonies ; O Lord, confound me not ! ft 

I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou hast set my 
heart at liberty, ft 

Teach me, O Lord, the way of thy statutes, and I shall keep it unto 
the end. ft 

Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law ; yea, I shall keep 
it with my whole heart, ft 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 373 

Make me to go in the path of thy commandments ; for therein is my 
desire. ft 

Incline mine heart unto thy testimonies, and not to covetousness. ft 

O turn away mine eyes, lest they behold 'vanity ; and quicken thou 
me in thy way. ft 

O stablish thy word in thy servant, that I may fear thee. ft 

Take away the rebuke that I am afraid of ; for thy judgments are 
good. ft 

Behold, my delight is in thy commandments ; O quicken me in thy 
righteousness, ft 

Let thy loving mercy come also unto me, O Lord, even thy salva- 
tion, according unto thy word, ft 

So shall I make answer unto my blasphemers ; for my trust is in thy 
word, ft 

take not the word of thy truth utterly out of my mouth ; for my 
hope is in thy judgments, ft 

So shall I alway keep thy law ; yea, forever and ever, ft 
And I will walk at liberty ; for I seek thy commandments, ft 

1 will speak of thy testimonies also, even before kings, and will not 
be ashamed ft 

And my delight shall be in thy commandments, which I have 
loved, ft 

My hands also will I lift up unto thy commandments, which I have 
loved ; and my study shall be in thy statutes, ft 

think upon thy servant, as concerning thy word, wherein thou hast 
caused me to put my trust, ft 

The same is my comfort in my trouble ; for thy word hath quickened 
me. ft 

The proud have had me exceedingly in derision ; yet have I not 
shrinked from thy law. ft 

For I remembered thine everlasting judgments, O Lord, and received 
comfort, ft 

1 am horribly afraid, for the ungodly that forsake thy law. ft 

Thy statutes have been my songs, in the house of my pilgrimage, ft 
I have thought upon thy Name, O Lord, in the night-season, and 
have kept thy law. ft 

This I had, because I kept thy commandments, ft 
Thou art my portion, O Lord ; I have promised to keep thy law, ft 
I made my humble petition in thy presence with my whole heart ; 
O be merciful unto me, according to thy word, ft 

I called mine own ways to remembrance, and turned my feet unto 
thy testimonies, ft 

I made haste, and prolonged not the time, to keep thy command- 
ments, ft 

The congregations of the ungodly have robbed me ; but I have not 
forgotten thy law. ft 



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374 THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 

At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto thee, because of thy 
righteous judgments. ft 

I am a companion of all them that fear thee, and keep thy command- 
ments, ft 

The earth, O Lord, is full of thy mercy : O teach me thy statutes ! ft 

O Lord, thou hast dealt graciously with thy servant, according unto 
thy word, ft 

learn me true understanding and knowledge ; for I have believed 
thy commandments, ft 

Before I was troubled, I went wrong ; but now have I kept thy 
word, ft 

Thou art good and gracious ; O teach me thy statutes ! ft 

The proud have imagined a lie against me ; but I will keep thy com* 
mandments with my whole heart, ft 

Their heart is as fat as brawn ; but my delight hath been in thy 
law. ft 

It is good for me that I have been in trouble ; that I may learn thy 
statutes, ft 

The law of thy mouth is dearer unto me than thousands of gold and 
silver. 

Refrain. Have mercy upon thy servant. 

Thy hands have made me and fashioned me : O give me understand- 
ing, that I may learn thy commandments, ft 

They that fear thee will be glad when they see me ; because I have 
put my trust in thy word, ft 

1 know, O Lord, that thy judgments are right, and that thou of very 
faithfulness hast caused me to be troubled, ft 

O let thy merciful kindness be my comfort, according to thy word 
unto thy servant, ft 

O let thy loving mercies come unto me, that I may live ; for thy law 
is my delight, ft 

Let the proud be confounded, for they go wickedly about to destroy 
me ; but I will be occupied in thy commandments, ft 

Let such as fear thee, and have known thy testimonies, be turned 
unto me. ft 

O let my heart be sound in thy statutes, that I be not ashamed, ft 

My soul hath longed for thy salvation, and I have a good hope be* 
cause of thy word, ft 

Mine eyes long sore *f or thy word ; saying, O when wilt thou comfort 
me? ft 

For I am become like a bottle in the smoke ; yet do I not f orget thy 
statutes, ft « 

How many are the days of thy servant ? when wilt thou be avenged 
of them that persecute me ? ft 

The proud have digged pits for me, which are not after thy law. ft 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 375 

All thy commandments are true: they persecute me falsely; O be 
thou my help. ft 

They had almost made an end of me upon earth ; but I forsook not 
thy commandments. ft 

O quicken me after thy loving-kindness ; and so shall I keep the 
testimonies of thy mouth. ft 

Lord, thy word endureth forever in heaven, ft 

Thy truth also remaineth from one generation to another ; thou hast 
laid the foundation of the earth, and it abideth. ft 

They continue this day according to thine ordinance ; for all things 
serve thee, ft 

If my delight had not been in thy law, I should have perished in my 
trouble, ft 

1 will never forget thy commandments ; for with them thou hast 
quickened me. ft 

I am thine : O save me, for I have sought thy commandments, ft 

The ungodly laid wait for me, to destroy me; but I will consider thy 
testimonies, ft 

I see that all things come to an end, but thy commandment is ex- 
ceeding broad, ft 

Lord, what love have I unto thy law! all the day long is my study 
in it. ft 

Thou, through thy commandments, hast made me wiser than mine 
enemies ; for they are ever with me. ft 

I have more understanding than my teachers ; for thy testimonies 
are my study, ft 

I am wiser than the aged ; because I keep thy commandments, ft 

I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I may keep thy 
word, ft 

I have not shrunk from thy judgments ; for thou teachest me. ft 

how sweet are thy words unto my throat ; yea, sweeter than honey 
unto my mouth ! ft 

Through thy commandments I get understanding; therefore I hate 
all evil ways. 1J 

Thy word is a lantern unto my feet, and a light unto my paths, ft 

1 have sworn, and am steadfastly purposed, to keep thy righteous 
judgments, ft 

I am troubled above measure : quicken me, O Lord, according to thy 
word, ft 

Let the free-will offerings of my mouth please thee, O Lord ; and 
teach me thy judgments, ft 

My soul is alway in my hand ; yet do I not forget thy law. ft 

The ungodly have laid a snare for me ; but yet I swerved not from 
thy commandments, ft 

Thy testimonies have I claimed as mine heritage for ever ; and why ? 
they are the very joy of my heart, ft 



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376 THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 

I have applied my heart to fulfil thy statutes alway, even unto the 

end. ft 

I hate them that imagine evil things ; but thy law do I love. 5 
Thou art my defence and shield ; and my trust is in thy word. 5 
Away from me, ye wicked ; I will keep the commandments of my 

God. ft 

stablish me according to thy word, that I may live ; and let me not 
be disappointed of my hope. ft 

Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe ; yea, my delight shall be ever 
in thy statutes. ft 

Thou hast trodden down all them that depart from thy statutes ; for 
they imagine but deceit. ft 

Thou puttest away all the ungodly of the earth like dross ; therefore 
I love thy testimonies. ft 

My flesh trembleth for fear of thee*; and I am afraid of thy judg- 
ments, ft 

1 deal with the thing that is lawful and right ; O give me not over 
unto mine oppressors ! ft 

Make thou thy servant to delight in that which * is good, that the 
proud do me no wrong. ft 

Mine eyes are wasted away with looking for thy health, and for the 
word of thy righteousness. ft 

deal with thy servant according unto thy loving mercy, and teach 
me thy statutes. ft 

1 am thy servant ; O grant me understanding, that I may know thy 
testimonies. ft ' 

It is time for thee, Lord, to lay to thine hand ; for they have de- 
stroyed thy law. ft 

For I love thy commandments above gold and precious stones. ft 
Therefore hold I straight all thy commandments ; and all false ways 
I utterly abhor. ft 
Thy testimonies are wonderful ; therefore doth my soul keep them. ft 
When thy word goeth forth, it giveth light and understanding unto 
the simple. ft 

I opened my mouth, and drew in my breath ; for my delight was in 
thy commandments. ft 

O look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me, as thou usest to do 
unto those that love thy Name. 

Refrain. Alleluia. 

Order my steps in thy word ; and so shall no wickedness have do- 
minion over me. ft 

O deliver me from the wrongful dealings of men ; and so shall I keep 
thy commandments. ft 

Show the light of thy countenance upon thy servant, and teach me 
thy statutes, ft 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 377 

Mine eyes gush out with water, because men keep not thy law. ft 

Righteous art thou, Lord ; and true is thy judgment ft 

The testimonies that thou hast commanded are exceeding righteous 
and true, ft 

My zeal hath even consumed me; because mine enemies have for- 
gotten thy words, ft 

Thy word is tried to the uttermost, and thy servant loveth it. ft 

I am small and of no reputation ; yet do I not forget thy command- 
ments, ft 

Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and thy law is the 
truth, ft 

Trouble and heaviness have taken hold upon me ; yet is my delight 
in thy commandments. ft 

The righteousness of thy testimonies is everlasting: O grant me 
understanding, and I shall live, ft 

I call with my whole heart ; hear me, O Lord ; I will keep thy stat- 
utes, ft 

Yea, even unto thee do I call ; help me, and I shall keep thy testi- 
monies, ft 

Early in the morning do I cry unto thee; for in thy word is my 
trust, ft 

Mine eyes prevent the night watches ; that I might be occupied in 
thy words, ft 

Hear my voice, O Lord, according unto thy loving-kindness ; quicken 
me, according as thou art wont, ft 

They draw nigh that of malice persecute me, and are far from thy 
law. ft 

Be thou nigh at hand, O Lord ; for all thy commandments are true, ft 

As concerning thy testimonies, I have known long since, that thou 
hast grounded them forever, ft 

O consider mine adversity, and deliver me, for I do not forget thy 
law. ft 

Avenge thou my cause, and deliver me ; quicken me according to 
thy word, ft 

Health is far from the ungodly ; for they regard not thy statutes, ft 

Great is thy mercy, O Lord ; quicken me, as thou art wont, ft 

Many there are that trouble me, and persecute me ; yet do I not 
swerve from thy testimonies, ft 

It grieveth me when I see the transgressors ; because they keep not 
thy law. ft 

Consider, O Lord, how I love thy commandments ; O quicken me, 
according to thy loving-kindness, ft 

Thy word is true from everlasting ; all the judgments of thy right- 
eousness endure for evermore, ft 

Princes have persecuted me without a cause ; but my heart standeth 
in awe of thy word, ft 



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37$ THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 

I am as glad of thy word, as one that findeth great spoils. ft 

As for lies, I hate and abhor them ; but thy law do I love, ft 

Seven times a day do I praise thee ; because of thy righteous judg- 
ements, ft 

Great is the peace that they have who love thy law ; and they are 
not offended at it. ft 

Lord, I have looked for thy saving health, and done after thy com- 
mandments, ft 

My soul hath kept thy testimonies, and loved them exceedingly, ft 

I have kept thy commandments and testimonies ; for all my ways 
are before thee, ft 

Let my complaint come before thee, O Lord; give me understand- 
ing according to thy word, ft 

Let my supplication come before thee ; deliver me according to thy 
word, ft 

My lips shall speak of thy praise, when thou hast taught me thy 
statutes, ft 

Yea, my tongue shall sing of thy word ; for all thy commandments 
are righteous, ft 

Let thine hand help me ; for I have chosen thy commandments, ft 

I have longed for thy saving health, O Lord ; and in thy law is my 
delight, ft 

let my soul live, and it shall praise thee ; and thy judgments shall 
help me. ft 

1 have gone astray like a sheep that is lost ; O seek thy servant, for 
I do not forget thy commandments, ft 

(Abbreviated alternative) 

Psalm cxix. 1-7 i. Tone VI. 

Blessed are those that are undefiled in the way, and walk in the law 
of the Lord. 

Refrain. Alleluia. 

Blessed are they that keep his testimonies, and seek him with their 
whole heart, ft 

For they who do no wickedness, walk in his ways, ft 

It is good for me that I have been in trouble : that I may learn thy 

statutes, ft 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, and 

ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. Alleluia. ^^ t ^ e Pri €s t re- 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in peace let us pray citetk, secretly, the 

to the Lord. Prayer: O God of 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. (Thrice.) spirits,... (See p.yrt 

Again we pray for the repose of the soul of the servant of God, N., 

* Generally all is omitted, except the first and last verses of each portion, as here shown ; 
or selected verses (with the Refrains) only are used. 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 379 

departed this life ; and that he {she) may be pardoned all his {her) sins, 
both voluntary and involuntary, ft 

That the Lord God will establish his {her) soul where the Just 
repose, ft 

The mercy of God, the kingdom of heaven, and the remission of his 
{her) sins, we entreat of Christ, our King Immortal and our God. 

Choir. Grant it O Lord. 

Deacon. Let us pray to the Lord. 

Choir. Lord, have mercy. 

Then the abbreviated second portion of Psalm cxix. (verses 72-131). Refrain at 
the end of each verse: Have mercy upon thy servant. 

The law of thy mouth is dearer unto me than thousands of gold and 
silver. 

Refrain. Have mercy upon thy servant. 

Thy hands have made me and fashioned me : O give me understand- 
ing, that I may learn thy commandments, ft 

Thy testimonies are wonderful ; therefore doth my soul keep them, ft 

When thy word goeth forth ; it giveth light and understanding unto 
the simple. * ft 

I opened my mouth, and drew in my breath ; for my delight was in 
thy commandments, ft 

Glory . . .. Have mercy upon thy servant. Now, and ever, . . . 

Deacon. Again, yet again, . . . {And the rest, as on page 378.) 

And the Priest, in the meanwhile, saith the Prayer ; O God of spirits, . . . (See 
page 370.) 

Then the abbreviated third portion of Psalm cxix. {perse 132 to the end of Psalm). 
Refrain at the end of each verse : Alleluia. 

O look thou upon me and be merciful unto me, as thou usest to do 
unto those that love thy Name. 
Refrain. Alleluia. 

let my soul live, and it shall praise theej^and thy judgments shall 
help me. ft 

1 have gone astray like a sheep that is lost ; O seek thy servant, for 
I do not forget thy commandments, ft 

Refrain. Blessed art thou, O Lord : teach me thy statutes. 

The Choir of the Saints have found the Fountain of Life and the 
Door of Paradise. May I also find the right way, through repentance. 
I am a lost sheep. Call me, O Saviour, and save me. 

Refrain. Blessed art thou, O Lord : teach me thy statutes. 

Ye who preached the Lamb of God, and like unto lambs were slain, 
and are translated unto the life eternal, which waxeth not old ; ye holy 
Martyrs, pray ye unto him that he will vouchsafe us remission of our 
sins, ft 



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380 THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 

Ye who have trod the narrow way most sad ; all ye who, in life, have 
taken upon you the Cross as a yoke, and have followed Me through 
faith, draw near : Enjoy ye the honours and the crowns which I have 
prepared for you. IJ 

I am an image of thy glory ineffable, though I bear the brands of 
transgressions : Show thy compassions upon thy creature, O Master, and 
purify him {her) by thy loving-kindness ; and grant unto me the home- 
country of my heart's desire, making me again a citizen of Paradise, ft 

O thou who of old didst call me into being from nothingness, and 
didst honour me with thine image divine, but because I had forgotten 
thy commandments hast returned me again unto the earth from which I 
was taken: Restore thou me to that image, and to my pristine beauty, ft 

Give rest, O Lord, to the soul of thy servant, and establish hira {her) 
in Paradise. Where the choirs of the Saints, O Lord, and of the Just, 
shine like the stars of heaven, give rest to thy servant who hath fallen 
asleep, regarding not all his {her) transgressions. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 

Devoutly do we hymn the triune Effulgence of the one Godhead, cry- 
ing aloud : Holy art thou, O Father, who art from everlasting, O Son 
coeternal, and Spirit divine ! Illumine us who, with faith, do worship 
thee ; and rescue us from fire eternal. 

Now, and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hail, O August One, who for the salvation of all men didst bring 
forth God in the flesh ; through whom, also, mankind hath found salva- 
tion. Through thee have we found Paradise, O pure, most blessed 
Birth-giver of God. Alleluia. ( Thrice.) 

Deacon. Again, yet again, . . . {See f age 378.) 

And the rest^ as before^ while the Priest saith the Prayer: O God of spirits, . . . 
{See page no.) 

Then the following Hymn^ in Tone K, is sung: 

Give rest with the Just, O Saviour, unto thy servant, and establish 
him {her) in thy courts, £S it is written: Regarding not, in that thou 
art good, his {her) sins, whether voluntary or involuntary, and all things 
committed either with knowledge or in ignorance, O thou who lovest 
mankind. 

Glory . . . 

And all things, committed either with knowledge or in ignorance, 
O thou who lovest mankind. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God {Bogordditchen). 

O Christ our God, who from a Virgin didst shine forth upon the world, 
through her making us children of the light, have mercy upon us. 
Then shall be read Psalm li. 
Have mercy upon me, O God, after thy great goodness; according to 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 3S1 

the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences. Wash me throughly 
from my wickedness, and cleanse me from my sin. For I acknowledge 
my faults, and my sin is ever before me. Against thee only have I sinned, 
and done this evil in thy sight ; that thou mightest be justified in thy 
saying, and clear when thou art judged. Behold, I was shapen in wick- 
edness, and in sin hath my mother conceived me. But lo, thou requir- 
est truth in the inward parts, and shalt make me to understand wisdom 
secretly. Thou shalt purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean ; thou 
shalt wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Thou shalt make me 
hear of joy and gladness, that the bones which thou hast broken may 
rejoice. Turn thy face from my sins, and put out all my misdeeds. 
Make me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me. 
Cast me not away from thy presence, and take not thy Holy Spirit from 
me. O give me the comfort of thy help again, and stablish me with thy 
free Spirit. Then shall I teach thy ways unto the wicked, and sinners 
shall be converted unto thee. Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, 
thou that art the God of my health ; and my tongue shall sing of thy 
righteousness. Thou shalt open my lips, O Lord, and my mouth shall 
show thy praise. For thou desirest no sacrifice, else would I give it thee ; 
but thou delightest not in burnt-offerings. The sacrifice of God is a trou- 
bled spirit : a broken and contrite heart, O God, shalt thou not despise. 
O be favourable and gracious unto Zion : build thou the walls of 
Jerusalem. Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifice of righteous- 
ness, with the burnt-offerings and oblation : then shall they offer young 
bullocks upon thine altar. 

Then the Canon is sung. (Composed by Theophanus.) 

Canticle /., Tone VL 

Theme-Song (Irmds). When Israel passed on foot over the deep 
as it had been dry land, and beheld their pursuer Pharaoh ejigulfed in 
the sea, they cried aloud : Let us sing unto God a song of victory. 

Hymns {Tropari). In the heavenly mansions the valiant Martyrs con- 
tinually do pray with fervour unto thee, O Christ. Graciously enable 
him {her) whom thou hast called as a faithful one from earth, to obtain 
eternal good things. 

Thou who adorn est all things hast created within me a blended crea- 
ture, half-abject, half-august Wherefore, O Saviour, give rest to the 
soul of thy servant 

Glory . . . 

A citizen and husbandman of Paradise didst thou create me in the 
beginning ; but when I transgressed thy commandment thou didst drive 
me forth. Wherefore, O my Saviour, give rest to the soul of thy servant. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Bogordditchen). 
He who aforetime fashioned the first mother of our race, Eve, from 



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382 THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 

a rib, assumed flesh through thy most holy womb, and thereby, O Pure 
One, he destroyed the power of death. 

Canticle III. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). There is none holy like unto thee, O Lord my 
God, who hast exalted the horn of thy faithful, O Good One, and hast 
established us upon the rock of thy confession. 

Hymns. Thy martyrs lawfully contended, O Life-giver, and being 
by thee adorned with the crown of victory, they eagerly adjudge unto 
the dead who is departed hence in faith redemption everlasting. 

After that, with many signs and wonders, thou hadst first chastened 
me who had gone astray, thou didst, at the last, exhaust thyself, foras- 
much as thou art of tender compassion ; and didst seek, and find, and 
save. 

Glory . . . 

Mercifully vouchsafe, O Good One, that he (she) who from the transi- 
tory, unstable things of corruption hath passed over unto thee, may 
dwell with joy in the heavenly mansions, O God, being justified by faith 
and by grace. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

There is none undefiled, like unto thee, O most pure Mother of God : 
for thou alone, in all the ages, hast conceived in thy womb the true 
God, who hath shattered the power of Death. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. 

Again we pray . . . 
{And the rest ; seepage 378 ; while the Priest saith the Prayer*. O God of spirits, . . .) 
Sitting-Hymn (Sycdd/tn), in Tone VI 

Of a truth, all things are vanity, and life is but a shadow and a dream. 
For in vain doth every one who is born of earth disquiet himself, as 
saith the Scriptures. When we have acquired the world, then do we 
take up our abode in the grave, where kings and beggars lie down 
together. Wherefore, O Christ our God, give rest to thy servant de* 
parted this life ; forasmuch as thou lovest mankind. 

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now, 
and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen. 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God (Bogordditchen). 

O all-holy Birth-giver of God, forsake me not all the days of my life, 
and give me not over to the mediation of mortal man. But do thou 
thyself succour me, and show mercy upon me. 

The Litany : Again, yet again : and the Prayer : O God of spirits, . . . (See page 370.) 

Canticle IV. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). Christ is my strength, my God, and my Lord, 
the august Church doth sing in God-befitting wise, crying aloud, and 
out of a pure mind keeping festival unto the Lord. 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 383 

Hymns. In that thou didst reveal a great token of wisdom, and 
through the abundance of gifts the fulness of perfection of thy good- 
ness, O August Master, thou didst unite the company of the Martyrs 
unto the Angels. 

Mercifully enable him {her) who hath now appeared before thee to 
obtain thy glory unspeakable, O Christ, where is the abode of those 
who rejoice, and the voice of gladness pure. 

Glory . . . 

Him {her) who singeth thy majesty divine; him {her) whom thou 
hast taken away from earth, receive thou, making him {her) a child of 
the light, and cleansing him {her) from the gloom of sin, O exceeding- 
merciful One. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver op God. 

O Receptacle most pure, O Temple all-undefiled, O Ark all-holy, O 
virgin Place of sanctification : the Lord hath chosen thee, the Excel- 
lency of Jacob. 

Canticle V. 

Theme-Song {Irmds). With thy light divine, O Good One, illumine 
thou, through love, I pray thee, the souls of those who wake early unto 
thee : that they may know thee, O Word of God, of the true God, who 
callest forth from the gloom of sin. 

Hymns. The Martyrs, in that they offered themselves unto God all- 
glorified, as it were a sacred whole burnt-offering and the first-fruits of 
the human race, perpetually intercede for our salvation. 

To the faithful member of thy household who hath fallen asleep 
before us, vouschafe, O Lord, a heavenly abiding-place, a meed of thy 
gifts, granting unto him {her) redemption from his {her) sins. 

Glory . . . 

O thou who art the sole Author of life; who art by nature, in truth, 
a fathomless abyss of goodness : graciously bestow upon the departed 
thy heavenly kingdom, O Bountiful, Only Immortal One. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God. 
He who was born in the world of thee, O Lady, is become the strength, 
and the song, and the salvation of the lost, delivering from the gates of 
Hell those who, with faith, do call thee blessed. 

Canticle VI. 

Theme~Son% {Trmds). Forasmuch as I behold the sea of life surging 
high with the tempest of temptations, I have fled to thy tranquil haven 
and cry aloud unto thee : Lead thou my life forth from corruption, O 
Most Merciful One. 

Hymns. When thou wast nailed to the Cross, thou didst gather unto 
thyself the company of the Martyrs who imitated thy Passion, O Blessed 



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384 THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 

One. We beseech thee, therefore : Give rest unto him {her) who hath 
now been translated to thy presence. 

When thou shalt come terribly, in thy glory ineffable, to judge the 
whole world in the clouds, graciously enable him {her) whom thou hast 
taken from the earth, thy faithful servant, to meet thee, the Redeemer, 
in brightness. 

Glory . . . 

O Lord, who art the Fountain of life through thy manhood divine; 
who settest at liberty them that are bound : establish thou in the bliss 
of Paradise thy servant who, in faith, hath departed unto thee. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God. 

We have returned back to the earth because we have sinned against 
the commandments divine of God. But through thee, O Virgin, we 
have ascended from earth unto heaven, shaking off the corruption of 
death. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in peace, let us pray to the Lord, Ifc 

Again we pray . . . {See page 378.) 

(And the rest; while the Priest saith the Prayer: O God of spirits, . . . See 
page no) 

The Collect Hymn (Konddk\ in Tone III 

With the Saints give rest, O Christ, to the soul of thy servant, where 
there is neither sickness, nor sorrow, nor sighing, but life everlasting. 

The Ikos. 

Thou only art immortal, who hast created and fashioned man. For 
out of the earth were we mortals made, and unto the earth shall we 
return again, as thou didst command when thou madest me, saying unto 
me : For earth thou art, and unto the earth shalt thou return. Whither, 
also, all we mortals wend our way, making of our funeral dirge the song : 
Alleluia. 

{Then the Litany : Again, yet again : and the Prayer: O God of spirits, . . . 
See page 370.) 

Canticle VII. 

Theme-Song {Irmds). An Angel made the fiery furnace to drop dew 
for the Holy Children, but the command of God consuming the Chal- 
daeans with fire prevailed upon the tormentor to cry aloud : Blessed art 
thou, O God of our fathers. 

Hymns, Thy Martyrs, redeemed by thy blood from the primal trans- 
gression, were stained with their own blood, and plainly image forth thy 
sacrifice. Blessed art thou, O God of our fathers. 

Thou didst slay Death the insolent, O Life-originating Word. Accept 
thou now him {her) who now hath fallen asleep and with faith doth glorify 
thee, and doth say, O Christ : Blessed art thou, O God of our fathers. 

Glory . . . 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 385 

O Master, who hast animated me, a man, with thy breath divine, 
graciously grant thou unto the dead thy kingdom, that he {she) may 
sing unto thee, O Saviour : Blessed art thou, O God of our fathers. 

Now, and ever, ... 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God. 

Thou wast made more excellent than every created being, O all-unde- 
filed One, when thou didst conceive God, who destroyed the gates of 
Death, and burst the bars. For which cause, we faithful do magnify 
thee in songs as the Mother of God, O Pure One. 

Canticle VIII. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). Out of the flames thou didst shed forth dew 
upon the Godly Ones, and with water didst kindle the sacrifices of/ the 
Righteous One. For thou doest all things which thou wiliest, O Christ. 
Thee will we exalt unto all the ages. 

Hymns. When ye were shown as having steadfastly contended for 
the prize, ye Martyrs of Christ, as conquerors were ye adorned with the 
crown of victory, crying: We exalt thee, O Christ, unto all the ages. 

Those who have continued faithful in godly living, and now are trans- 
lated unto thee, do thou accept, O Master. Graciously give rest, foras- 
much as thou art of tender compassion, unto those who exalt thee unto 
all the ages. 

Glory . . . 

Graciously vouchsafe, O Saviour, to establish now in the land of the 
meek all those who have fallen asleep before us, who having been justi- 
fied through faith in thee and through grace exalt thee unto all the 
ages. 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God. 

We all do call thee blessed, O All-blessed One, which didst bring 
forth the Word, Who in very truth is blessed ; Who, for our sins, be- 
came flesh ; Whom also we will exalt unto all the ages. 

Canticle IX. 

Theme-Song (Irmds). It is not possible that men should see God, 
upon whom the Orders of the Angels dare not gaze. But through thee, 
O All-pure One, was the Word Incarnate manifested unto men : whom 
magnifying, together with the Heavenly Hosts, we call thee blessed. 

Hymns. Hope made strong the company of the Martyrs, and incited 
them ardently toward thy love, thereby foreshadowing the future rest, 
which, in very truth, cannot be shaken : Unto which, O Good One, 
grant that he {she) may attain who hath been taken hence. 

Graciously vouchsafe, O Christ, that he (she) who hath departed in 
the faith may receive of thy dazzling radiance divine ; granting unto him 



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386 THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 

{her) rest in Abraham's bosom ; forasmuch as thou only art merciful ; 
and vouchsafing unto him {her) blessedness eternal. 

Glory . . . 

O thou who art of nature gracious and loving-kind, and desirest mercy, 
and art an abyss of loving-kindness ; who, also, O Saviour, hast trans- 
lated him (her) from this place of affliction and the shadow of death: 
In that place where thy light shineth establish thou him {her). 

Now, and ever, . . . 

Hymn to the Birth-giver of God. 

We know thee, O Pure One, that thou art the holy Tabernacle, and 
the Ark, and the Table of the Law of grace : for through thee was 
redemption given unto those who are justified by the blood of him who 
was l made flesh through thy womb, O All-undefiled One. 

Deacon. Again, yet again, in peace let us pray to the Lord. IJs 
Again we pray for the repose . . . {See page 378.) 

(And the rest, while the Priest saith the Prayer: O God of spirits, . . . See 
page 370.) 

Then the Anthem, by John, the Monk of Damascus ■, is begun ; 

Tone I. What earthly sweetness remaineth unmixed with grief? 
What glory standeth immutable on earth ? All things are but shadows 
most feeble, but most deluding dreams : yet one moment only, and Death 
shall supplant them all But in the light of thy countenance, O Christ, 
and in the sweetness of thy beauty, give rest unto him (her) whom thou 
hast chosen : forasmuch as thou lovest mankind. 

Tone I L Woe is me! What manner of ordeal doth the soul endure 
when from the body it is parted ! Woe is me ! how many then are its 
tears ; and there is none to show compassion ! It turneth its eyes to the 
Angels ; all unavailing is its prayer. It stretcheth out its hands to men ; 
and findeth none to succour. Wherefore, my brethren beloved, meditat- 
ing on the brevity of our life, let us beseech of Christ rest for him (her) 
who hath departed hence ; and for our souls great mercy. 

Tone III. All mortal things are vanity and exist not after death. 
Riches endure not, neither doth glory accompany on the way : for 
when death cometh, all these things vanish utterly. For which cause 
let us cry unto Christ the immortal : Give rest, in the abode of those 
who are glad, to the dead translated from among us. 

Tone IV. Where is earthly predilection ? Where is the pomp of the 
ephemeral creatures of a day ? Where are the gold and the silver? Where 
is the multitude of household servants and their clamour? All dust, all 
ashes, all shadows. But come, let us cry aloud unto the deathless King: 
O Lord, of thine eternal good things vouchsafe thou unto him (her) who 
hath been translated from among us, giving unto him (her) rest in thy 
blessedness which waxeth not old. 

Tone V. I called to mind the Prophet, how he cried : I am earth and 



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THE ORDER FOR THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD (LAYMEN) 387 

ashes ; and I looked again into the graves, and beheld the bones laid 
bare ; and I said : Who then is the king or the warrior, the rich man 
or the needy, the upright or the sinner? Yet give rest with thy Saints 
unto thy servant, O Lord. 

Tone VL Thy creating command was my origin and my foundation : 
for thy pleasure it was out of nature visible and invisible to fashion 
me, a living creature. From the earth thou didst shape my .body, and 
didst give me a soul by thy divine and quickening breath. Wherefore, 
O Lord, give rest to thy servant in the land of the living, in the habita- 
tions of the Just. 

Tone VII. When, in the beginning, thou hadst created man after 
thine own image and likeness, thou didst set him in Paradise to reign 
over thy creatures. But when, beguiled by the malice of the Devil, he 
tasted of the food, he became a transgressor of thy commandments. 
For which cause, O Lord, thou didst condemn him to return again unto 
the earth whence he was taken, and to entreat repose. 

Tone VIIL I weep and I wail when I think upon death, and behold 
our beauty, fashioned after the image of God, lying in the tomb dis- 
figured, dishonoured, bereft of form. O marvel ! What is this mystery 
which doth befall us? Why have we been given over unto corruption, 
and why have we been wedded unto death