SUPPLEMENT TO THE "EYANPAHA." THE r|JEW BISHOP/ : crated Falls in St. ,, WasKing- lal Satolli I i On last Sunday, in St. Patrick's ■. C. , Dr Thom- s raised from the priest- BCOpa'te, ■• ■ ■ . s of oard3 i,ed to the church, as not- ndi Qgits spaciousness, the ch urch would not accommodate the large nuin- desired to be present. Thedoors v Kick's church were thrown opeu at ten 'o'clock, and the imposing proces- formed at Carroll hall a block distant, entered in the following The sanctuary boys of St. Pat- rick's church Jed by Rev. Joseph McGee; the divinity students affiliated with the Catholic university, Paulists, Marists and Holy Cross priests; the local clergy ■ the number of two hundred and fifty; the beads of reli- nd monsignon: the various ei sity in caps and the fifteen visiting bishops; the '■■ ■ ■ ■ !■■ its fresc 3S trie lighting of the marble, and onyx al- tar blended into the most charming effects. The music was rendered by the regu- lar choir of the church v.ith ccompaniment, the "Veni" and responses being sung by a choir of thirty ecclesiastical students stationed In one of the side chaples. The ere as follows: Conserarator. Cardinal Sato' 1 ant eonsecrators, Bishop Keane, and :iest, Dr, Du- mont. president of Divinity Hall of the ! I Father Carrey; mass, '-v. Father Do'.an; ■■on, Rev. Father O'Neil . "vvt, Rev. Father] athoi Ryan; chaplains of Rev. James Keane and ther Kirvin; Chaplain; Keane, Rev. Fa - and Fa- nning; notary. Rev. Dr. Grahnan, ■ ther Aylward; alcolytes and insignia ie, Pauiist, Marist and Holy Cross communities; monies, Rev. J. F. itoi of St. Patrick's church;' if ceremonies, for Path or Fogarty; master of ceremonies, Rev. Fa- ther Crainly; master of ceremonies for 1 a han. All "the young priests who" acted as ' b divinity lor O'Gor- aring the past rauCe and Mtue. Patenotre, Sena tors Davis, Hans- I) Murphy, WJ of congress, the diplo- iresentative mem ■ , ■■ mony. Following the mass i' 1 f»y Archbishop Iceland. He said: nessed a solemn an einony. It is the creation of an apostle of the church of Christ. We are brought to bear testimony to the coutinuous youth of the church. Useless vibration through time and space of the Voice that spoke on Mount Olivet: "As the Father send me, so- also I seed you * * * Teach all nations * * *. Behold T am with you all days, even to the, consum- mation of the world." This creation m the preseut instance is attended with exceptional circum- stances which lend to the great act un- usual dignity and unusual significance. . ister in the ceremony. The minister of the mysterios sacrament is the delegate, of Leo of Rome, Peter's successor. You see in the minister the personification of the divine unity of the apostolate of the church of Christ, as ypu see in the bishops and priests who surround the minister the personifica- tion of its catholicity. I note the place of the cevemeny. It is the city of Washington, the seat of supreme government of the United States. Fullest manifestations press around you of the new and modern world, to which the apostolate has mission to- day, as it once bad mission to a world over the grave of which nearly two thou- sand years are numbered. I must note, too, the presence of the Catholic University of America, the la- bors and aims of which are pr> undersh n net .hich in feats ot thought ■ ■ the way 'to the future triumphs of the apostolate. Rich, indeed, the ideas, aud sublime the inspirations which spring from this mornings ceremony. Wotltd.. O Lord, that the favor were mine to give to them fitting expression. TUB INSTITUTION OF MS APOSTOLATE. This morning the scene of Olivet is re- enacted. The incarnate Word, teacher and savior of humanity, was not to be one of earths transient figures. His tabernacling among men was designed to be permanent. For, the purpose of the incarnation is that God, the invisible, reach men through human and visible means, the. invisible having of itself small effective power upon them. The it wrought upon men through a ascension, He works upon them through a social body, or a church,— the economy of the influencing souls through sense ing unaltered. Shortly before He ew His body of flesh from the earth, Christ addressed the chosen fol- lowers whom He had called "apostles,'' and He said to them: "All 'power is giv eu to me in heaven and on earth; going, thorefore ; teach ye all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to . the.consum- mation of the world." Through those li was formed and vivi- fied, Christ's social body was born into oitnde of His divine In apostles, and the disciples who followed the apostles, are the human part of this mystical society: Christ, abiding with the divine. The ideal which Catholics hold of the church surprises by its supernatural ele- vation. Sot, it is Christ's own, plain thoughts expressed by Him in plain given to me in nd on earth. Going, therefore, teach ye * * * And behold I am with you all days * * *," To those same apostles He bad on other occasions spok- en words of sirnular- -import, showing that the, life of the apostolate and His own arc the self sent mft so also I send you." "He that reoeivqth you, receiveth me." Christ remains always the active element; the appearance of the -'instrument alone changes. The church, is truly Christ's life and energy continued upon earth for the salvation of uien. ' -'• THE JPERPETliATlPX OF 'THE APOSTOLATE. A living organism, physical or social, ceaselessly renews its perishable parts, meanwhile never losing its life or its moral; identity. So it is with the aposto- late of Christ. The nation of the United States, as once built up by, its founders, does not die, although presi- dents, judges, legislatures die. Apostles pass away: the apostolate remains. It was bidden to remain by Him whose words, never lose their potency: "lam with you all days, even to the consum- mation of the world." Every organism has .its own laws of assimilation and growth. The condition of aggregation to the apostolate is the laying on of hands by one who is possessed of its p] Thus, in earliest days, hands were laid upon Sau! and Barnabas, upon Timothy and Titus, and they were made apostles even as the eleven, whom Christ b Olivet. A few moments ago in yonder sanctu- was an imposition ot apostolic hands, ifour ej B8 saw the human at the work; your faith read out to divine. Christ's institutional promises were once again in history pjjt id, within the hearing of your own SOU) . ] seed thee." The story of continuous life late in the Cai pi <- Mitten on the semi! of fjme, t* • ist may iloubt it. Two thousand years, nearly, seperate us from- the visible Christ. The apostolate bridges over the years and brings to our sou Is His truth's and graces as di- rectly and as richly as if they came to , i:ite:y from His lips and hands of flesh.' Truly is the church an econ- omy; worthy to have been begotten of eternal love and, eternal wisdom. THE ECISOOPATK IS THE FULLNESS OF THE . -iOLATE. ..There has been the creation of an apostle of Christ's church. Another and no less correct version of this morning's ceremony is, a priest has been raised to the office and dignity of a bishop. Are riot both priest and bishop partak representatives of the apostolate, and why is the consecration of a bishop spoken of, in an emphatic manner, as the creation of an apostle? The episcopate is the fullness of the apostolate, the priesthood is a partial though a most noble communication of it. Christ gave to the eleven upon Mount Olivet the plenary apostolate: He did not make to others a lesser communica- tion of its attributes and powers,. But in the eleven the apostolate came forth from the bands of the visible Christ a living organism, having from its builder the virtue of self -perpetuation, of which I have already spoken, and also the vir- tue of differentiation of functions and structure. This differentiation, which seerhS a general primary law of. organ- isms, animal or social, was made by Christ the law of the apostolate. For a brief time after Pentecost the apostolate retained its original oneness. But soon there was a firs tion. "Look ye out among you seven men," said the apostles to the disciples, * * *' "And they praying imposed hands upon them." ThuB, the diaconate, as a seperate ordei of the ministry, came into existence. Deacons were appointed to t! e of distributing the alms of the -faithful and even, as we learn from the the deacon Philip, of adnu baptism The apostles continued, re- taining to themselves the full apostolate. that much of it which they had com- municated to the deacons, as well as that of which there was an exclusive reserve to themselves. Although the diaconate 1 was a direct creati apostles, -yet the church ha& always held it to be of divine institution, • be cause it had been intended by Christ aud the virtue of differentiation in. the apostolate was a part of the divine life breathed into it by Christ. THE PRIESTHOOD AS A SEPARATE ORDER. There was a second differentiation of the apostolate when the priesthood was brought into existence as a separate order. The term, priest. , mark.., nne whose chief office is to offer sacrifice. The sacrifice of the new law is the un- bloody oblation of Christ's body and blood, as made in the Last Supper. The apostles wore ordained priests this supper, the Lord said io them : "Do this in commemoration of me." Other offices and powers of the apostolate were conferred upon them on iUounl Olivet. The holiest of the offices of the apostolate is always the priesthood; which gives the right to offer sacrifice: with it. in the apostles, went the right to baptize, to remit sins to the penitent to jncardinate disciples into the aposto- late, to rule the church. In the second differentiation of the apotolate there was'a more generous sharing of power than there had been in e.tved, over and above what cons, the priest - save and except those powers which in is'i , :f!y government,— the Bg the sole rulers. The i.. church in her eternal life and the admission of disci- ples to a part ■ ry possession of the apostolate did not go to the priest- hood, these are the exclusive privileges of plenary apostolate.,^ PRIESTS AND BISHOPS JK EARLY HISTORY. When the priesthood begaD, a a arate order, it is not easy to star, probably, for some time, none . dained above the dtaconajte by the apos- tles did nut receive from their hands the plenitude of dignify and power which they themselves', had re- ceived from ther- Master. The 1 Acts speaks,, indeed, of "episocpoi" and "prespyteroi"-- the former word mean- ing, rulers or bishops, and the latter, presbyters or priests. But there ie no certainty that these different words in- dicated different orders and. were not at first applied together to the one order, that of the full apostolate. It was not long, however, before those words de noted a distinction in functions and rights, that of "episcopoi" marking those in whom resided the fullness of the apostolic office, and that of "presby- teroi" marking ministers of a lower or- der, from which there was no passage to the higher except by a new laying on of hands and a new communication of power, and the members of which whatever otherwise their attributes, did not rule the church and did not com- municate to others the apostolate, even in the smallest degree. Nothing can be more explicit than the words of St. Ignatius, martyr, at the close of the first century, as to the distinc- tion of order between bishops and pres- byters, and the superiority of the former over the latter. Writing to the Srnyr- neans, hosays: "Ye all follow the biBh- opa as Jesus Christ does the Fattier, and the presbytery as the apostles, and reverence the deacons as being theinsti- tution of God." And to the Thrallians, "It is necessary that, ae ye indeed do, so without the bishop ye should do noth- ing, but should also be suject to the presbytery as to the apostles ot Jesus Christ." In the mind of Ignatius, pres- byters as well as bishops partake of the apostolate, but, however, elevated the presbyter or priest, the sole one to rule is the "epsscopos," or bishop. THE DIGSWV OP THE EPJSCOFATK. We now have some comprehension of the transformation which takes place when a priest is lifted up to be a bishop. A learned theologian, Thomassin, writes of the dignity of the episcopate in these terniB: "When a priest is called up into the episcopal order, it is cot that Mb former dignity is extended, but the whole plenitude of the priesthood is poured over him, with the dew of which only he was before anointed. Before, he had matured as a branch in the tree; now ho himself grows into a tree of di- vine creation. As a priest he could gon erate sons of God by baptism, but not priests by ordination. * * * By epis copal consecration the proper office and plenitude of the priesthood is conferred, to be exercised togother with a supreme government. Wherefore, even then. when as bishop he administers the same sacraments which he administered be- fore as a priest, be is putting forth a far more splendid, effective and august power," The episcopate is defined: "The su- preme order of Christ's ministry, in which the priest receives the power to ordain into the ministry and to rule the church." The episcopate is the divinely- ordained agency of government in the church. To the bishops— the heirs of the plenary apostolate, and not to or priests — ar« St. Paul: "The Holy Ghost bath placed you bishops to rule the church ot" God." Beyond this sacramental consecration, there is the need of a hierarchical act of the head of the episcopate, the successor of Peter, to assign to each bishop the territory and the spiritual sheep over which he will rule. But in the act of consecration itself there is given to each bishop the supernatural fitness, the grace of state to be a ruler, and there is implanted in his transformed condition of soul a certain exigency that, in nor- mal circumstances, he be made to rule in fact, "The Holy Ghost placed you bishops to rule the church of God." The office of government goes to bishops as a native right of their episcopate. * * * * &T NOTICE. ^ THE next Catholic Indian Congress will be held at Pine Ridge Agency, on July 17th, 1 8th, and 19th. With the consent of Rt. Rev. Bishop Marty, this Congress will take place at the Holy Ro- sary Mission, and n o t at Bear Creek. All the Missionary Fa- thers and Friends of the Indians are hereb}^ most cordially in- vited. P. John Jutz, S. J. WHO WAS APRIL FOOLED. . "There comes Uncle Carolina Booby an! Isn't he a funy looking old chap?" cried Billy Bean to his shadow, Tony French, as they walk- ed home together oa the first day of April. "His head looks like a thistle gone to seed, and his face is blacker than the shoemaker's hat. But he's kinder jolly looking." 'Yes,' said Tony, 'and Joe says nobody can make him mad.' 'Don' you believe it,' said Billy, 'guess if we should April fool him he'd be as mad as a hornet's nest.' 'Ofcourse,' assented Tony, 'but how could we do it— do you s'pose?' 'Well, we might get & box, put in some bricks to make it heavy, and then put in a card with 'April Fool' printed on it, and his name on the cover, and leave it on the door-step after dark. May be he'd think 'twas from his son, Jolly, that lives in Savanah. Wouldn't it be fun to see him when he found out the joke?' 'Immense,' laughed Tony, 'and we've got a. box that will just be the thing. Let's fix it up now.' 'All right!' answered Billy. But as the two boys turned to go into Mr. French's yard, Tony turned around and found his wise little - riidence eloss 'Halloo, Prue!' he cried, 'did you hear what was said?' Prudence laughed. 'Well, then,' said Tony, 'you must keep it dark — will you?' Prudence laughed again and ran up the front steps, while the boys went around to the woodshed, and before Prudence had taken off her cloak and hat and put her books away she heard them pounding and laughing merrily over the joke they were preparing. ♦What is Tony doing now?' asked his mother, as Prudence came into the room were she was sewing. 'He and Billy are going to fool Uncle Carolina by sending him a box filled with bricks.' answered Pru- dence. 'I am surprised that Tony should do anything so unkind,' said Tony's mother. 'I must go down and put a stop to it.' 'No, mamma, please don't,' said Prudence; 'I've thought of some — thing a great deal nicer — -if you only let me do it.' Well, little daughter, what is your plan?' asked Mrs. French, lay- ing aside der sewing. So Prudence whispered her plan to her mamma, for fear the kitten would hear, I suppose, as there was no one else in the loom and her mamma laughed and nodded her. &p proval. And when the boys had gone away to play, mother and daughter went down to the shed and brought the box into the kitchen. Ten min- utes later when they put it back it looked exactly the same although it might have been a trifle lighter. Bat Billy and Tony did not notice anything when they carried the mysterious box to Uncle Carolina's little cabin, just after candlelight. 'Let's set it on the doorstep,' said Tony, 'and knock and then run around to the window, where we can see the fun.' A light of glass had been broken from the small window, so the boys could hear as well as see. Uncle Carolina and his wife Patty, sat before the fireplace where a ket- tle of hominy was cooking over the bright coals. ••What's dat air?' cried Uncle Car- olina, starting up as he heard the boys loud knock. 'Come in dar, whoeber you is!' 'Go long to de doo,' Carolina, said Aunt Patty; nobody ain't goin' to hurt yon — don' be skeered!' The old man went to the door and opened it cautiously and broke out: 'Bress you, what's this yere!' he cried, as his eyes fell upon the box. He brought it in fairly trembling with excitement. 'What you tink, Patty? Reckon there must be some mistake; nodody wouldn't send me dis yere box now.' 'What dat mi on the cubbw?' ask- '. be. Uncle Carolina spelled the name slowly out, letter by letter. 'Dat's my name, sure, he chuck- led. 'Reckon Jolly sent it from Savanah. Bring de hammer, honey, quick, 'pears like I'se got de ague.' The cover was taken from the box and the astonished boys outside saw the old man hold up his hand* while the tears trickled down his black face. 'Spect it come down from hebben, Patty!' he cried. 'Look at this yere chicken and yere's two mince pies, and loaf of cake, and— what's dis? Tea and sugar, bress the Lord! and yere's a pair of mittens for me, and — ♦Dat air little shawl's for me,' in- terrupted Aunt Patty. 'Jus' what I'se been prayin 5 fur when I had the rheumatiz. 'Pears like we don't de- serve it, poo' dust and ashes creters.' 'Didn't I tell you de Lord would take keer ob us, when you said de las' ob the hominy was cookin'?' ask- ed Uncle Carolina. 'De Lord ain't slack disce/nin' His promises, neb- ber. Let us tank the Lord!' Such a prayer of thanksgiving went up from that poor little cabin, the two boys at the window had never heard before. They stood there listening until the 'amen' sounded, and then crept silently away, with very red faces and something in their throats that nearly choked them. 'That wsa Prue's work!' said Tony. 'Somehow girls' jokes si- ways do come out the best. But I'm awful glad — ain't yon?' 'Yes,' said Billy, 'and I feel too mean to ever look her in the face again. But I tell you, Tony, that is the kind of joke that pays— Prue's kind.' 'And after all,* said Tony, "twas me that got April fooled.' From the St, Joseph Catholic Tribune. Adornment Due the House of God. Our Lord came upon earth in all hu- mility and purity. He could have been born in a palace instead of a stable, but He preferred the stable among the beasts, the manger for His couch, straw for His pillow, all for our exam- ple, to teach us true humility; but, whilst He deigned to place himself in such extreme poverty, He did not command us to let Him remain in that humble state. Many men of dis- tinction, even some of our Presidents, were born in quite plain and humble circumstances, but they did not close their lives in that way. They were honored in all places and at all times. They were placed in the White House in Washington, in style and with all comforts, as the ruler of the United States. We should then honor our Lord the Ruler and Crea- tor of the entire world, by making our churches a becoming abode for Him to. dwell in, by adorning all possible grandeur. He lias made all things for our pleasure, comfort anr admiration. Then most cheer- ful.)- should we share with Him. O, could the Ciborium in the tabernacle in which His sacred Body rests from the rising to the setting of the sun, be one made of precious jeweis. Nothing is too grand or costly for our Lord. He deserves all this and hearts that truly love Him long to lavish upon Him in this manner. Many persons seem to take no pleas- ure in making such strong demon- stration of love and honor due their God; they think a plain dingy look- ing church will answer all purposes to pray in; they say one does not ask for grandeur. It is true He does not, He leaves that to our love and generosity. As He has made all things, so He has it in His power to make His dwelling place here on ail grandeur, all magnificence. But He leaves that for us His children to do to prove our love and gratitude for all His goodness to us. One glance from His eyes takes in all He has oreated, all the beauties of nature, A simple little fragrant flower culled and placed at His sacred feet as a mark of our love and appreciation, are very pleasing to Him. beauty and fragrance axe, as it were, prayers of love ascending up to Him. In heaven now, He sits Up- on His throne bestowing «] many blessings and waiting for our acts of love and gratitude in return.