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: crated 

Falls in St. 
,, WasKing- 
lal Satolli I 


On last Sunday, in St. Patrick's 
■. C. , Dr Thom- 
s raised from the priest- 

■• ■ ■ . s of oard3 
i,ed to the church, as not- 
ndi Qgits spaciousness, the ch urch 
would not accommodate the large nuin- 
desired to be present. Thedoors 
v Kick's church were thrown opeu 
at ten 'o'clock, and the imposing proces- 
formed at Carroll hall a 
block distant, entered in the following 
The sanctuary boys of St. Pat- 
rick's church Jed by Rev. Joseph McGee; 
the divinity students affiliated with the 
Catholic university, Paulists, Marists 
and Holy Cross priests; the local clergy 
■ the number of 
two hundred and fifty; the beads of reli- 
nd monsignon: the various 
ei sity in caps and 
the fifteen visiting bishops; the 


■ ■ ■ !■■ its fresc 3S 

trie lighting of the marble, and onyx al- 
tar blended into the most charming effects. 
The music was rendered by the regu- 
lar choir of the church v.ith 

ccompaniment, the 

"Veni" and responses being sung by a 

choir of thirty ecclesiastical students 

stationed In one of the side chaples. The 

ere as follows: 

Conserarator. Cardinal Sato' 1 

ant eonsecrators, Bishop Keane, and 

:iest, Dr, Du- 

mont. president of Divinity Hall of the 


I Father Carrey; 
mass, '-v. Father Do'.an; 
■■on, Rev. Father O'Neil 

. "vvt, Rev. Father] 
athoi Ryan; chaplains of 
Rev. James Keane and 
ther Kirvin; Chaplain; 
Keane, Rev. Fa - and Fa- 

nning; notary. Rev. Dr. Grahnan, 
ther Aylward; alcolytes and insignia 
ie, Pauiist, 
Marist and Holy Cross communities; 
monies, Rev. J. F. 
itoi of St. Patrick's 
church;' if ceremonies, for 

Path or Fogarty; 
master of ceremonies, Rev. Fa- 
ther Crainly; master of ceremonies for 
1 a han. 
All "the young priests who" acted as 
' b divinity 
lor O'Gor- 
aring the past 

rauCe and 
Mtue. Patenotre, Sena tors Davis, Hans- 
I) Murphy, WJ 
of congress, the diplo- 
iresentative mem 
■ , ■■ 


Following the mass i' 

1 f»y Archbishop Iceland. He 

nessed a solemn an 


It is the creation of an apostle of the 
church of Christ. 

We are brought to bear testimony to 
the coutinuous youth of the church. 
Useless vibration 
through time and space of the Voice 
that spoke on Mount Olivet: "As the 
Father send me, so- also I seed you * * * 
Teach all nations * * *. Behold T am 
with you all days, even to the, consum- 
mation of the world." 

This creation m the preseut instance 
is attended with exceptional circum- 
stances which lend to the great act un- 
usual dignity and unusual significance. . 
ister in the ceremony. 
The minister of the mysterios sacrament 
is the delegate, of Leo of Rome, Peter's 
successor. You see in the minister the 
personification of the divine unity of the 
apostolate of the church of Christ, as 
ypu see in the bishops and priests who 
surround the minister the personifica- 
tion of its catholicity. 

I note the place of the cevemeny. It 
is the city of Washington, the seat of 
supreme government of the United 
States. Fullest manifestations press 
around you of the new and modern world, 
to which the apostolate has mission to- 
day, as it once bad mission to a world 
over the grave of which nearly two thou- 
sand years are numbered. 

I must note, too, the presence of the 
Catholic University of America, the la- 
bors and aims of which are pr> 
undersh n 
net .hich in feats ot thought 

■ ■ 
the way 'to the future triumphs of the 


Rich, indeed, the ideas, aud sublime 
the inspirations which spring from this 
mornings ceremony. Wotltd.. O Lord, 
that the favor were mine to give to them 
fitting expression. 


This morning the scene of Olivet is re- 
enacted. The incarnate Word, teacher 
and savior of humanity, was not to be 
one of earths transient figures. His 
tabernacling among men was designed 
to be permanent. For, the purpose of 
the incarnation is that God, the invisible, 
reach men through human and visible 
means, the. invisible having of itself 
small effective power upon them. The 
it wrought upon men through a 
He works upon them through a social 
body, or a church,— the economy of the 
influencing souls through sense 
ing unaltered. Shortly before He 
ew His body of flesh from the 
earth, Christ addressed the chosen fol- 
lowers whom He had called "apostles,'' 
and He said to them: "All 'power is giv 
eu to me in heaven and on earth; going, 
thorefore ; teach ye all nations, baptizing 
them in the name of the Father and of 
the Son and of the Holy Ghost, teaching 
them to observe all things whatsoever I 
have commanded you: and behold I am 
with you all days, even to . the.consum- 
mation of the world." Through those 
li was formed and vivi- 
fied, Christ's social body was born into 

oitnde of His divine In 
apostles, and the disciples who followed 
the apostles, are the human part of this 
mystical society: Christ, abiding with 
the divine. 
The ideal which Catholics hold of the 
church surprises by its supernatural ele- 
vation. Sot, it is Christ's own, plain 
thoughts expressed by Him in plain 
given to me in 
nd on earth. Going, therefore, 
teach ye * * * And behold I am with 
you all days * * *," To those same 

apostles He bad on other occasions spok- 
en words of sirnular- -import, showing 
that the, life of the apostolate and His 
own arc the self 

sent mft so also I send you." "He that 
reoeivqth you, receiveth me." Christ 
remains always the active element; the 
appearance of the -'instrument alone 
changes. The church, is truly Christ's 
life and energy continued upon earth 
for the salvation of uien. ' -'• 


A living organism, physical or social, 
ceaselessly renews its perishable parts, 
meanwhile never losing its life or its 
moral; identity. So it is with the aposto- 
late of Christ. The nation of the 
United States, as once built up by, its 
founders, does not die, although presi- 
dents, judges, legislatures die. Apostles 
pass away: the apostolate remains. It 
was bidden to remain by Him whose 
words, never lose their potency: "lam 
with you all days, even to the consum- 
mation of the world." 

Every organism has .its own laws of 
assimilation and growth. The condition 
of aggregation to the apostolate is the 
laying on of hands by one who is 
possessed of its p] Thus, in 

earliest days, hands were laid upon Sau! 
and Barnabas, upon Timothy and Titus, 
and they were made apostles even as the 
eleven, whom Christ b 

A few moments ago in yonder sanctu- 
was an imposition ot apostolic 
hands, ifour ej B8 saw the human at the 
work; your faith read out to 
divine. Christ's institutional promises 
were once again in history pjjt 

id, within the hearing of your 
own SOU) . 

] seed thee." 
The story of continuous life 

late in the Cai 
pi <- Mitten on the semi! of fjme, t* 

• ist may iloubt it. 

Two thousand years, nearly, seperate us 
from- the visible Christ. The apostolate 
bridges over the years and brings to 
our sou Is His truth's and graces as di- 
rectly and as richly as if they came to 
, i:ite:y from His lips and hands 
of flesh.' Truly is the church an econ- 
omy; worthy to have been begotten of 
eternal love and, eternal wisdom. 

. -iOLATE. 

..There has been the creation of an 
apostle of Christ's church. Another and 
no less correct version of this morning's 
ceremony is, a priest has been raised 
to the office and dignity of a bishop. 
Are riot 
both priest and bishop partak 
representatives of the apostolate, and 
why is the consecration of a bishop 
spoken of, in an emphatic manner, as 
the creation of an apostle? 

The episcopate is the fullness of the 
apostolate, the priesthood is a partial 
though a most noble communication of it. 

Christ gave to the eleven upon Mount 
Olivet the plenary apostolate: He did 
not make to others a lesser communica- 
tion of its attributes and powers,. But 
in the eleven the apostolate came forth 
from the bands of the visible Christ a 
living organism, having from its builder 
the virtue of self -perpetuation, of which 
I have already spoken, and also the vir- 
tue of differentiation of functions and 
structure. This differentiation, which 
seerhS a general primary law of. organ- 
isms, animal or social, was made by 
Christ the law of the apostolate. For a 
brief time after Pentecost the apostolate 
retained its original oneness. But soon 
there was a firs tion. "Look 

ye out among you seven men," said the 
apostles to the disciples, * * *' "And 
they praying imposed hands upon them." 
ThuB, the diaconate, as a seperate ordei 

of the ministry, came into existence. 
Deacons were appointed to t! e 
of distributing the alms of the -faithful 
and even, as we learn from the 
the deacon Philip, of adnu 
baptism The apostles continued, re- 
taining to themselves the full apostolate. 
that much of it which they had com- 
municated to the deacons, as well as 
that of which there was an exclusive 
reserve to themselves. Although the 
diaconate 1 was a direct creati 
apostles, -yet the church ha& always 
held it to be of divine institution, • be 
cause it had been intended by Christ 
aud the virtue of differentiation in. the 
apostolate was a part of the divine life 
breathed into it by Christ. 


There was a second differentiation of 
the apostolate when the priesthood was 
brought into existence as a separate 
order. The term, priest. , mark.., nne 
whose chief office is to offer sacrifice. 
The sacrifice of the new law is the un- 
bloody oblation of Christ's body and 
blood, as made in the Last Supper. The 
apostles wore ordained priests 
this supper, the Lord said io them : "Do 
this in commemoration of me." Other 
offices and powers of the apostolate 
were conferred upon them on iUounl 
Olivet. The holiest of the offices of the 
apostolate is always the priesthood; 
which gives the right to offer sacrifice: 
with it. in the apostles, went the right 
to baptize, to remit sins to the penitent 
to jncardinate disciples into the aposto- 
late, to rule the church. In the second 
differentiation of the apotolate there 
was'a more generous sharing of power 
than there had been in 

e.tved, over and above what 
cons, the priest - 

save and except those powers which in 
is'i , :f!y government,— the 
Bg the sole rulers. The 
i.. church in her 
eternal life and the admission of disci- 
ples to a part ■ ry possession of 
the apostolate did not go to the priest- 
hood, these are the exclusive privileges 
of plenary apostolate.,^ 


When the priesthood begaD, a a 
arate order, it is not easy to star, 
probably, for some time, none . 
dained above the dtaconajte by the apos- 
tles did nut receive from their 
hands the plenitude of dignify and 
power which they themselves', had re- 
ceived from ther- Master. The 1 
Acts speaks,, indeed, of "episocpoi" and 
"prespyteroi"-- the former word mean- 
ing, rulers or bishops, and the latter, 
presbyters or priests. But there ie no 
certainty that these different words in- 
dicated different orders and. were not at 
first applied together to the one order, 
that of the full apostolate. It was not 
long, however, before those words de 
noted a distinction in functions and 
rights, that of "episcopoi" marking 
those in whom resided the fullness of the 
apostolic office, and that of "presby- 
teroi" marking ministers of a lower or- 
der, from which there was no passage 
to the higher except by a new laying on 
of hands and a new communication of 
power, and the members of which 
whatever otherwise their attributes, did 
not rule the church and did not com- 
municate to others the apostolate, even 
in the smallest degree. 

Nothing can be more explicit than the 
words of St. Ignatius, martyr, at the close 
of the first century, as to the distinc- 
tion of order between bishops and pres- 
byters, and the superiority of the former 
over the latter. Writing to the Srnyr- 
neans, hosays: "Ye all follow the biBh- 
opa as Jesus Christ does the Fattier, and 
the presbytery as the apostles, and 
reverence the deacons as being theinsti- 

tution of God." And to the Thrallians, 
"It is necessary that, ae ye indeed do, so 
without the bishop ye should do noth- 
ing, but should also be suject to the 
presbytery as to the apostles ot Jesus 
Christ." In the mind of Ignatius, pres- 
byters as well as bishops partake of the 
apostolate, but, however, elevated the 
presbyter or priest, the sole one to rule 
is the "epsscopos," or bishop. 


We now have some comprehension of 
the transformation which takes place 
when a priest is lifted up to be a bishop. 
A learned theologian, Thomassin, writes 
of the dignity of the episcopate in these 
terniB: "When a priest is called up into 
the episcopal order, it is cot that Mb 
former dignity is extended, but the 
whole plenitude of the priesthood is 
poured over him, with the dew of which 
only he was before anointed. Before, he 
had matured as a branch in the tree; 
now ho himself grows into a tree of di- 
vine creation. As a priest he could gon 
erate sons of God by baptism, but not 
priests by ordination. * * * By epis 
copal consecration the proper office and 
plenitude of the priesthood is conferred, 
to be exercised togother with a supreme 
government. Wherefore, even then. 
when as bishop he administers the same 
sacraments which he administered be- 
fore as a priest, be is putting forth a far 
more splendid, effective and august 

The episcopate is defined: "The su- 
preme order of Christ's ministry, in 
which the priest receives the power to 
ordain into the ministry and to rule the 
church." The episcopate is the divinely- 
ordained agency of government in the 
church. To the bishops— the heirs of the 
plenary apostolate, and not to 
or priests — ar« 

St. Paul: "The Holy Ghost bath placed 
you bishops to rule the church ot" God." 
Beyond this sacramental consecration, 
there is the need of a hierarchical act of 
the head of the episcopate, the successor 
of Peter, to assign to each bishop the 
territory and the spiritual sheep over 
which he will rule. But in the act of 
consecration itself there is given to each 
bishop the supernatural fitness, the 
grace of state to be a ruler, and there is 
implanted in his transformed condition 
of soul a certain exigency that, in nor- 
mal circumstances, he be made to rule 
in fact, "The Holy Ghost placed you 
bishops to rule the church of God." The 
office of government goes to bishops as 
a native right of their episcopate. * * * * 


THE next Catholic Indian 
Congress will be held at Pine 
Ridge Agency, on July 17th, 
1 8th, and 19th. 

With the consent of Rt. Rev. 
Bishop Marty, this Congress 
will take place at the Holy Ro- 
sary Mission, and n o t at Bear 
Creek. All the Missionary Fa- 
thers and Friends of the Indians 
are hereb}^ most cordially in- 
vited. P. John Jutz, S. J. 


. "There comes Uncle Carolina 
Booby an! Isn't he a funy looking 
old chap?" cried Billy Bean to his 
shadow, Tony French, as they walk- 
ed home together oa the first day of 
April. "His head looks like a thistle 
gone to seed, and his face is blacker 
than the shoemaker's hat. But he's 
kinder jolly looking." 

'Yes,' said Tony, 'and Joe says 
nobody can make him mad.' 

'Don' you believe it,' said Billy, 
'guess if we should April fool him 
he'd be as mad as a hornet's nest.' 

'Ofcourse,' assented Tony, 'but 
how could we do it— do you s'pose?' 
'Well, we might get & box, put in 
some bricks to make it heavy, and 
then put in a card with 'April Fool' 
printed on it, and his name on the 
cover, and leave it on the door-step 
after dark. May be he'd think 'twas 
from his son, Jolly, that lives in 
Savanah. Wouldn't it be fun to see 
him when he found out the joke?' 

'Immense,' laughed Tony, 'and 
we've got a. box that will just be the 
thing. Let's fix it up now.' 

'All right!' answered Billy. But 
as the two boys turned to go into 
Mr. French's yard, Tony turned 
around and found his wise little 
- riidence eloss 
'Halloo, Prue!' he cried, 'did you 
hear what was said?' 
Prudence laughed. 
'Well, then,' said Tony, 'you must 
keep it dark — will you?' 

Prudence laughed again and ran 
up the front steps, while the boys 
went around to the woodshed, and 
before Prudence had taken off her 
cloak and hat and put her books 
away she heard them pounding and 
laughing merrily over the joke they 
were preparing. 

♦What is Tony doing now?' asked 
his mother, as Prudence came into 
the room were she was sewing. 

'He and Billy are going to fool 
Uncle Carolina by sending him a box 
filled with bricks.' answered Pru- 

'I am surprised that Tony should 
do anything so unkind,' said Tony's 
mother. 'I must go down and put 
a stop to it.' 

'No, mamma, please don't,' said 
Prudence; 'I've thought of some — 
thing a great deal nicer — -if you only 
let me do it.' 

Well, little daughter, what is 
your plan?' asked Mrs. French, lay- 
ing aside der sewing. 

So Prudence whispered her plan 
to her mamma, for fear the kitten 
would hear, I suppose, as there was 
no one else in the loom and her 
mamma laughed and nodded her. &p 


And when the boys had gone 
away to play, mother and daughter 
went down to the shed and brought 
the box into the kitchen. Ten min- 
utes later when they put it back it 
looked exactly the same although it 
might have been a trifle lighter. 

Bat Billy and Tony did not notice 
anything when they carried the 
mysterious box to Uncle Carolina's 
little cabin, just after candlelight. 

'Let's set it on the doorstep,' said 
Tony, 'and knock and then run 
around to the window, where we can 
see the fun.' 

A light of glass had been broken 
from the small window, so the boys 
could hear as well as see. 

Uncle Carolina and his wife Patty, 
sat before the fireplace where a ket- 
tle of hominy was cooking over the 
bright coals. 

••What's dat air?' cried Uncle Car- 
olina, starting up as he heard the 
boys loud knock. 'Come in dar, 
whoeber you is!' 

'Go long to de doo,' Carolina, 
said Aunt Patty; nobody ain't goin' 
to hurt yon — don' be skeered!' 

The old man went to the door and 
opened it cautiously and broke out: 

'Bress you, what's this yere!' he 
cried, as his eyes fell upon the box. 

He brought it in fairly trembling 
with excitement. 

'What you tink, Patty? Reckon 

there must be some mistake; nodody 

wouldn't send me dis yere box now.' 

'What dat mi on the cubbw?' ask- 



Uncle Carolina spelled the name 
slowly out, letter by letter. 

'Dat's my name, sure, he chuck- 
led. 'Reckon Jolly sent it from 
Savanah. Bring de hammer, honey, 
quick, 'pears like I'se got de ague.' 

The cover was taken from the box 
and the astonished boys outside saw 
the old man hold up his hand* while 
the tears trickled down his black 

'Spect it come down from hebben, 
Patty!' he cried. 'Look at this yere 
chicken and yere's two mince pies, 
and loaf of cake, and— what's dis? 
Tea and sugar, bress the Lord! and 
yere's a pair of mittens for me, and — 
♦Dat air little shawl's for me,' in- 
terrupted Aunt Patty. 'Jus' what 
I'se been prayin 5 fur when I had the 
rheumatiz. 'Pears like we don't de- 
serve it, poo' dust and ashes creters.' 
'Didn't I tell you de Lord would 
take keer ob us, when you said de 
las' ob the hominy was cookin'?' ask- 
ed Uncle Carolina. 'De Lord ain't 
slack disce/nin' His promises, neb- 
ber. Let us tank the Lord!' 

Such a prayer of thanksgiving 
went up from that poor little cabin, 
the two boys at the window had 
never heard before. 

They stood there listening until 
the 'amen' sounded, and then crept 
silently away, with very red faces 
and something in their throats that 
nearly choked them. 

'That wsa Prue's work!' said 
Tony. 'Somehow girls' jokes si- 
ways do come out the best. But I'm 
awful glad — ain't yon?' 

'Yes,' said Billy, 'and I feel too 
mean to ever look her in the face 
again. But I tell you, Tony, that is 
the kind of joke that pays— Prue's 

'And after all,* said Tony, "twas 
me that got April fooled.' 

From the St, Joseph Catholic Tribune. 

Adornment Due the House of God. 

Our Lord came upon earth in all hu- 
mility and purity. He could have been 
born in a palace instead of a stable, but 
He preferred the stable among the 
beasts, the manger for His couch, 
straw for His pillow, all for our exam- 
ple, to teach us true humility; but, 
whilst He deigned to place himself 
in such extreme poverty, He did not 
command us to let Him remain in 
that humble state. Many men of dis- 
tinction, even some of our Presidents, 
were born in quite plain and humble 
circumstances, but they did not close 
their lives in that way. They were 
honored in all places and at all times. 
They were placed in the White 
House in Washington, in style and 
with all comforts, as the ruler of the 
United States. We should then 
honor our Lord the Ruler and Crea- 
tor of the entire world, by making 
our churches a becoming abode for 
Him to. dwell in, by adorning 
all possible grandeur. He lias made 
all things for our pleasure, comfort 
anr admiration. Then most cheer- 
ful.)- should we share with Him. O, 
could the Ciborium in the tabernacle 
in which His sacred Body rests from 
the rising to the setting of the sun, 
be one made of precious jeweis. 
Nothing is too grand or costly for 
our Lord. He deserves all this and 
hearts that truly love Him long to 
lavish upon Him in this manner. 
Many persons seem to take no pleas- 
ure in making such strong demon- 
stration of love and honor due their 
God; they think a plain dingy look- 
ing church will answer all purposes 
to pray in; they say one does not ask 
for grandeur. It is true He does not, 
He leaves that to our love and 
generosity. As He has made all 
things, so He has it in His power to 
make His dwelling place here on ail 
grandeur, all magnificence. But He 
leaves that for us His children to do 
to prove our love and gratitude for 
all His goodness to us. One glance 
from His eyes takes in all He has 
oreated, all the beauties of nature, 
A simple little fragrant flower culled 
and placed at His sacred feet as a 
mark of our love and appreciation, 
are very pleasing to Him. 
beauty and fragrance axe, as it 
were, prayers of love ascending up 
to Him. In heaven now, He sits Up- 
on His throne bestowing «] 
many blessings and waiting for our 
acts of love and gratitude in return.