SUPPLEMENT TO THE "EYANPAHA."
THE r|JEW BISHOP/
Falls in St.
lal Satolli I
On last Sunday, in St. Patrick's
■. C. , Dr Thom-
s raised from the priest-
■• ■ ■ . s of oard3
i,ed to the church, as not-
ndi Qgits spaciousness, the ch urch
would not accommodate the large nuin-
desired to be present. Thedoors
v Kick's church were thrown opeu
at ten 'o'clock, and the imposing proces-
formed at Carroll hall a
block distant, entered in the following
The sanctuary boys of St. Pat-
rick's church Jed by Rev. Joseph McGee;
the divinity students affiliated with the
Catholic university, Paulists, Marists
and Holy Cross priests; the local clergy
■ the number of
two hundred and fifty; the beads of reli-
nd monsignon: the various
ei sity in caps and
the fifteen visiting bishops; the
■ ■ ■ !■■ its fresc 3S
trie lighting of the marble, and onyx al-
tar blended into the most charming effects.
The music was rendered by the regu-
lar choir of the church v.ith
"Veni" and responses being sung by a
choir of thirty ecclesiastical students
stationed In one of the side chaples. The
ere as follows:
Conserarator. Cardinal Sato' 1
ant eonsecrators, Bishop Keane, and
:iest, Dr, Du-
mont. president of Divinity Hall of the
I Father Carrey;
mass, '-v. Father Do'.an;
■■on, Rev. Father O'Neil
. "vvt, Rev. Father]
athoi Ryan; chaplains of
Rev. James Keane and
ther Kirvin; Chaplain;
Keane, Rev. Fa - and Fa-
nning; notary. Rev. Dr. Grahnan,
ther Aylward; alcolytes and insignia
Marist and Holy Cross communities;
monies, Rev. J. F.
itoi of St. Patrick's
church;' if ceremonies, for
Path or Fogarty;
master of ceremonies, Rev. Fa-
ther Crainly; master of ceremonies for
1 a han.
All "the young priests who" acted as
' b divinity
aring the past
Mtue. Patenotre, Sena tors Davis, Hans-
I) Murphy, WJ
of congress, the diplo-
■ , ■■
Following the mass i'
1 f»y Archbishop Iceland. He
nessed a solemn an
It is the creation of an apostle of the
church of Christ.
We are brought to bear testimony to
the coutinuous youth of the church.
through time and space of the Voice
that spoke on Mount Olivet: "As the
Father send me, so- also I seed you * * *
Teach all nations * * *. Behold T am
with you all days, even to the, consum-
mation of the world."
This creation m the preseut instance
is attended with exceptional circum-
stances which lend to the great act un-
usual dignity and unusual significance. .
ister in the ceremony.
The minister of the mysterios sacrament
is the delegate, of Leo of Rome, Peter's
successor. You see in the minister the
personification of the divine unity of the
apostolate of the church of Christ, as
ypu see in the bishops and priests who
surround the minister the personifica-
tion of its catholicity.
I note the place of the cevemeny. It
is the city of Washington, the seat of
supreme government of the United
States. Fullest manifestations press
around you of the new and modern world,
to which the apostolate has mission to-
day, as it once bad mission to a world
over the grave of which nearly two thou-
sand years are numbered.
I must note, too, the presence of the
Catholic University of America, the la-
bors and aims of which are pr>
net .hich in feats ot thought
the way 'to the future triumphs of the
Rich, indeed, the ideas, aud sublime
the inspirations which spring from this
mornings ceremony. Wotltd.. O Lord,
that the favor were mine to give to them
TUB INSTITUTION OF MS APOSTOLATE.
This morning the scene of Olivet is re-
enacted. The incarnate Word, teacher
and savior of humanity, was not to be
one of earths transient figures. His
tabernacling among men was designed
to be permanent. For, the purpose of
the incarnation is that God, the invisible,
reach men through human and visible
means, the. invisible having of itself
small effective power upon them. The
it wrought upon men through a
He works upon them through a social
body, or a church,— the economy of the
influencing souls through sense
ing unaltered. Shortly before He
ew His body of flesh from the
earth, Christ addressed the chosen fol-
lowers whom He had called "apostles,''
and He said to them: "All 'power is giv
eu to me in heaven and on earth; going,
thorefore ; teach ye all nations, baptizing
them in the name of the Father and of
the Son and of the Holy Ghost, teaching
them to observe all things whatsoever I
have commanded you: and behold I am
with you all days, even to . the.consum-
mation of the world." Through those
li was formed and vivi-
fied, Christ's social body was born into
oitnde of His divine In
apostles, and the disciples who followed
the apostles, are the human part of this
mystical society: Christ, abiding with
The ideal which Catholics hold of the
church surprises by its supernatural ele-
vation. Sot, it is Christ's own, plain
thoughts expressed by Him in plain
given to me in
nd on earth. Going, therefore,
teach ye * * * And behold I am with
you all days * * *," To those same
apostles He bad on other occasions spok-
en words of sirnular- -import, showing
that the, life of the apostolate and His
own arc the self
sent mft so also I send you." "He that
reoeivqth you, receiveth me." Christ
remains always the active element; the
appearance of the -'instrument alone
changes. The church, is truly Christ's
life and energy continued upon earth
for the salvation of uien. ' -'•
THE JPERPETliATlPX OF 'THE APOSTOLATE.
A living organism, physical or social,
ceaselessly renews its perishable parts,
meanwhile never losing its life or its
moral; identity. So it is with the aposto-
late of Christ. The nation of the
United States, as once built up by, its
founders, does not die, although presi-
dents, judges, legislatures die. Apostles
pass away: the apostolate remains. It
was bidden to remain by Him whose
words, never lose their potency: "lam
with you all days, even to the consum-
mation of the world."
Every organism has .its own laws of
assimilation and growth. The condition
of aggregation to the apostolate is the
laying on of hands by one who is
possessed of its p] Thus, in
earliest days, hands were laid upon Sau!
and Barnabas, upon Timothy and Titus,
and they were made apostles even as the
eleven, whom Christ b
A few moments ago in yonder sanctu-
was an imposition ot apostolic
hands, ifour ej B8 saw the human at the
work; your faith read out to
divine. Christ's institutional promises
were once again in history pjjt
id, within the hearing of your
own SOU) .
] seed thee."
The story of continuous life
late in the Cai
pi <- Mitten on the semi! of fjme, t*
• ist may iloubt it.
Two thousand years, nearly, seperate us
from- the visible Christ. The apostolate
bridges over the years and brings to
our sou Is His truth's and graces as di-
rectly and as richly as if they came to
, i:ite:y from His lips and hands
of flesh.' Truly is the church an econ-
omy; worthy to have been begotten of
eternal love and, eternal wisdom.
THE ECISOOPATK IS THE FULLNESS OF THE
..There has been the creation of an
apostle of Christ's church. Another and
no less correct version of this morning's
ceremony is, a priest has been raised
to the office and dignity of a bishop.
both priest and bishop partak
representatives of the apostolate, and
why is the consecration of a bishop
spoken of, in an emphatic manner, as
the creation of an apostle?
The episcopate is the fullness of the
apostolate, the priesthood is a partial
though a most noble communication of it.
Christ gave to the eleven upon Mount
Olivet the plenary apostolate: He did
not make to others a lesser communica-
tion of its attributes and powers,. But
in the eleven the apostolate came forth
from the bands of the visible Christ a
living organism, having from its builder
the virtue of self -perpetuation, of which
I have already spoken, and also the vir-
tue of differentiation of functions and
structure. This differentiation, which
seerhS a general primary law of. organ-
isms, animal or social, was made by
Christ the law of the apostolate. For a
brief time after Pentecost the apostolate
retained its original oneness. But soon
there was a firs tion. "Look
ye out among you seven men," said the
apostles to the disciples, * * *' "And
they praying imposed hands upon them."
ThuB, the diaconate, as a seperate ordei
of the ministry, came into existence.
Deacons were appointed to t! e
of distributing the alms of the -faithful
and even, as we learn from the
the deacon Philip, of adnu
baptism The apostles continued, re-
taining to themselves the full apostolate.
that much of it which they had com-
municated to the deacons, as well as
that of which there was an exclusive
reserve to themselves. Although the
diaconate 1 was a direct creati
apostles, -yet the church ha& always
held it to be of divine institution, • be
cause it had been intended by Christ
aud the virtue of differentiation in. the
apostolate was a part of the divine life
breathed into it by Christ.
THE PRIESTHOOD AS A SEPARATE ORDER.
There was a second differentiation of
the apostolate when the priesthood was
brought into existence as a separate
order. The term, priest. , mark.., nne
whose chief office is to offer sacrifice.
The sacrifice of the new law is the un-
bloody oblation of Christ's body and
blood, as made in the Last Supper. The
apostles wore ordained priests
this supper, the Lord said io them : "Do
this in commemoration of me." Other
offices and powers of the apostolate
were conferred upon them on iUounl
Olivet. The holiest of the offices of the
apostolate is always the priesthood;
which gives the right to offer sacrifice:
with it. in the apostles, went the right
to baptize, to remit sins to the penitent
to jncardinate disciples into the aposto-
late, to rule the church. In the second
differentiation of the apotolate there
was'a more generous sharing of power
than there had been in
e.tved, over and above what
cons, the priest -
save and except those powers which in
is'i , :f!y government,— the
Bg the sole rulers. The
i.. church in her
eternal life and the admission of disci-
ples to a part ■ ry possession of
the apostolate did not go to the priest-
hood, these are the exclusive privileges
of plenary apostolate.,^
PRIESTS AND BISHOPS JK EARLY HISTORY.
When the priesthood begaD, a a
arate order, it is not easy to star,
probably, for some time, none .
dained above the dtaconajte by the apos-
tles did nut receive from their
hands the plenitude of dignify and
power which they themselves', had re-
ceived from ther- Master. The 1
Acts speaks,, indeed, of "episocpoi" and
"prespyteroi"-- the former word mean-
ing, rulers or bishops, and the latter,
presbyters or priests. But there ie no
certainty that these different words in-
dicated different orders and. were not at
first applied together to the one order,
that of the full apostolate. It was not
long, however, before those words de
noted a distinction in functions and
rights, that of "episcopoi" marking
those in whom resided the fullness of the
apostolic office, and that of "presby-
teroi" marking ministers of a lower or-
der, from which there was no passage
to the higher except by a new laying on
of hands and a new communication of
power, and the members of which
whatever otherwise their attributes, did
not rule the church and did not com-
municate to others the apostolate, even
in the smallest degree.
Nothing can be more explicit than the
words of St. Ignatius, martyr, at the close
of the first century, as to the distinc-
tion of order between bishops and pres-
byters, and the superiority of the former
over the latter. Writing to the Srnyr-
neans, hosays: "Ye all follow the biBh-
opa as Jesus Christ does the Fattier, and
the presbytery as the apostles, and
reverence the deacons as being theinsti-
tution of God." And to the Thrallians,
"It is necessary that, ae ye indeed do, so
without the bishop ye should do noth-
ing, but should also be suject to the
presbytery as to the apostles ot Jesus
Christ." In the mind of Ignatius, pres-
byters as well as bishops partake of the
apostolate, but, however, elevated the
presbyter or priest, the sole one to rule
is the "epsscopos," or bishop.
THE DIGSWV OP THE EPJSCOFATK.
We now have some comprehension of
the transformation which takes place
when a priest is lifted up to be a bishop.
A learned theologian, Thomassin, writes
of the dignity of the episcopate in these
terniB: "When a priest is called up into
the episcopal order, it is cot that Mb
former dignity is extended, but the
whole plenitude of the priesthood is
poured over him, with the dew of which
only he was before anointed. Before, he
had matured as a branch in the tree;
now ho himself grows into a tree of di-
vine creation. As a priest he could gon
erate sons of God by baptism, but not
priests by ordination. * * * By epis
copal consecration the proper office and
plenitude of the priesthood is conferred,
to be exercised togother with a supreme
government. Wherefore, even then.
when as bishop he administers the same
sacraments which he administered be-
fore as a priest, be is putting forth a far
more splendid, effective and august
The episcopate is defined: "The su-
preme order of Christ's ministry, in
which the priest receives the power to
ordain into the ministry and to rule the
church." The episcopate is the divinely-
ordained agency of government in the
church. To the bishops— the heirs of the
plenary apostolate, and not to
or priests — ar«
St. Paul: "The Holy Ghost bath placed
you bishops to rule the church ot" God."
Beyond this sacramental consecration,
there is the need of a hierarchical act of
the head of the episcopate, the successor
of Peter, to assign to each bishop the
territory and the spiritual sheep over
which he will rule. But in the act of
consecration itself there is given to each
bishop the supernatural fitness, the
grace of state to be a ruler, and there is
implanted in his transformed condition
of soul a certain exigency that, in nor-
mal circumstances, he be made to rule
in fact, "The Holy Ghost placed you
bishops to rule the church of God." The
office of government goes to bishops as
a native right of their episcopate. * * * *
&T NOTICE. ^
THE next Catholic Indian
Congress will be held at Pine
Ridge Agency, on July 17th,
1 8th, and 19th.
With the consent of Rt. Rev.
Bishop Marty, this Congress
will take place at the Holy Ro-
sary Mission, and n o t at Bear
Creek. All the Missionary Fa-
thers and Friends of the Indians
are hereb}^ most cordially in-
vited. P. John Jutz, S. J.
WHO WAS APRIL FOOLED.
. "There comes Uncle Carolina
Booby an! Isn't he a funy looking
old chap?" cried Billy Bean to his
shadow, Tony French, as they walk-
ed home together oa the first day of
April. "His head looks like a thistle
gone to seed, and his face is blacker
than the shoemaker's hat. But he's
kinder jolly looking."
'Yes,' said Tony, 'and Joe says
nobody can make him mad.'
'Don' you believe it,' said Billy,
'guess if we should April fool him
he'd be as mad as a hornet's nest.'
'Ofcourse,' assented Tony, 'but
how could we do it— do you s'pose?'
'Well, we might get & box, put in
some bricks to make it heavy, and
then put in a card with 'April Fool'
printed on it, and his name on the
cover, and leave it on the door-step
after dark. May be he'd think 'twas
from his son, Jolly, that lives in
Savanah. Wouldn't it be fun to see
him when he found out the joke?'
'Immense,' laughed Tony, 'and
we've got a. box that will just be the
thing. Let's fix it up now.'
'All right!' answered Billy. But
as the two boys turned to go into
Mr. French's yard, Tony turned
around and found his wise little
- riidence eloss
'Halloo, Prue!' he cried, 'did you
hear what was said?'
'Well, then,' said Tony, 'you must
keep it dark — will you?'
Prudence laughed again and ran
up the front steps, while the boys
went around to the woodshed, and
before Prudence had taken off her
cloak and hat and put her books
away she heard them pounding and
laughing merrily over the joke they
♦What is Tony doing now?' asked
his mother, as Prudence came into
the room were she was sewing.
'He and Billy are going to fool
Uncle Carolina by sending him a box
filled with bricks.' answered Pru-
'I am surprised that Tony should
do anything so unkind,' said Tony's
mother. 'I must go down and put
a stop to it.'
'No, mamma, please don't,' said
Prudence; 'I've thought of some —
thing a great deal nicer — -if you only
let me do it.'
Well, little daughter, what is
your plan?' asked Mrs. French, lay-
ing aside der sewing.
So Prudence whispered her plan
to her mamma, for fear the kitten
would hear, I suppose, as there was
no one else in the loom and her
mamma laughed and nodded her. &p
And when the boys had gone
away to play, mother and daughter
went down to the shed and brought
the box into the kitchen. Ten min-
utes later when they put it back it
looked exactly the same although it
might have been a trifle lighter.
Bat Billy and Tony did not notice
anything when they carried the
mysterious box to Uncle Carolina's
little cabin, just after candlelight.
'Let's set it on the doorstep,' said
Tony, 'and knock and then run
around to the window, where we can
see the fun.'
A light of glass had been broken
from the small window, so the boys
could hear as well as see.
Uncle Carolina and his wife Patty,
sat before the fireplace where a ket-
tle of hominy was cooking over the
••What's dat air?' cried Uncle Car-
olina, starting up as he heard the
boys loud knock. 'Come in dar,
whoeber you is!'
'Go long to de doo,' Carolina,
said Aunt Patty; nobody ain't goin'
to hurt yon — don' be skeered!'
The old man went to the door and
opened it cautiously and broke out:
'Bress you, what's this yere!' he
cried, as his eyes fell upon the box.
He brought it in fairly trembling
'What you tink, Patty? Reckon
there must be some mistake; nodody
wouldn't send me dis yere box now.'
'What dat mi on the cubbw?' ask-
Uncle Carolina spelled the name
slowly out, letter by letter.
'Dat's my name, sure, he chuck-
led. 'Reckon Jolly sent it from
Savanah. Bring de hammer, honey,
quick, 'pears like I'se got de ague.'
The cover was taken from the box
and the astonished boys outside saw
the old man hold up his hand* while
the tears trickled down his black
'Spect it come down from hebben,
Patty!' he cried. 'Look at this yere
chicken and yere's two mince pies,
and loaf of cake, and— what's dis?
Tea and sugar, bress the Lord! and
yere's a pair of mittens for me, and —
♦Dat air little shawl's for me,' in-
terrupted Aunt Patty. 'Jus' what
I'se been prayin 5 fur when I had the
rheumatiz. 'Pears like we don't de-
serve it, poo' dust and ashes creters.'
'Didn't I tell you de Lord would
take keer ob us, when you said de
las' ob the hominy was cookin'?' ask-
ed Uncle Carolina. 'De Lord ain't
slack disce/nin' His promises, neb-
ber. Let us tank the Lord!'
Such a prayer of thanksgiving
went up from that poor little cabin,
the two boys at the window had
never heard before.
They stood there listening until
the 'amen' sounded, and then crept
silently away, with very red faces
and something in their throats that
nearly choked them.
'That wsa Prue's work!' said
Tony. 'Somehow girls' jokes si-
ways do come out the best. But I'm
awful glad — ain't yon?'
'Yes,' said Billy, 'and I feel too
mean to ever look her in the face
again. But I tell you, Tony, that is
the kind of joke that pays— Prue's
'And after all,* said Tony, "twas
me that got April fooled.'
From the St, Joseph Catholic Tribune.
Adornment Due the House of God.
Our Lord came upon earth in all hu-
mility and purity. He could have been
born in a palace instead of a stable, but
He preferred the stable among the
beasts, the manger for His couch,
straw for His pillow, all for our exam-
ple, to teach us true humility; but,
whilst He deigned to place himself
in such extreme poverty, He did not
command us to let Him remain in
that humble state. Many men of dis-
tinction, even some of our Presidents,
were born in quite plain and humble
circumstances, but they did not close
their lives in that way. They were
honored in all places and at all times.
They were placed in the White
House in Washington, in style and
with all comforts, as the ruler of the
United States. We should then
honor our Lord the Ruler and Crea-
tor of the entire world, by making
our churches a becoming abode for
Him to. dwell in, by adorning
all possible grandeur. He lias made
all things for our pleasure, comfort
anr admiration. Then most cheer-
ful.)- should we share with Him. O,
could the Ciborium in the tabernacle
in which His sacred Body rests from
the rising to the setting of the sun,
be one made of precious jeweis.
Nothing is too grand or costly for
our Lord. He deserves all this and
hearts that truly love Him long to
lavish upon Him in this manner.
Many persons seem to take no pleas-
ure in making such strong demon-
stration of love and honor due their
God; they think a plain dingy look-
ing church will answer all purposes
to pray in; they say one does not ask
for grandeur. It is true He does not,
He leaves that to our love and
generosity. As He has made all
things, so He has it in His power to
make His dwelling place here on ail
grandeur, all magnificence. But He
leaves that for us His children to do
to prove our love and gratitude for
all His goodness to us. One glance
from His eyes takes in all He has
oreated, all the beauties of nature,
A simple little fragrant flower culled
and placed at His sacred feet as a
mark of our love and appreciation,
are very pleasing to Him.
beauty and fragrance axe, as it
were, prayers of love ascending up
to Him. In heaven now, He sits Up-
on His throne bestowing «]
many blessings and waiting for our
acts of love and gratitude in return.