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Full text of "Smiths Dictionaries Continuation Bible Dictionary Christian Church, Greek-Roman Classics, Atlas, etc.18 vols. 5 sets, 5 vols.1828..1896."

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BduoT in ^.<?2.7 < ?^ 




HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




THE GIFT OF 
JOHN TUCKER MURRAY 

CLASS OF 1898 
PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH 




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3 2044 102 850 120 






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Initia Grmca—Part I. 



FIRST GREEK COURSE 



COMPREHENDING 

GRAMMAR, DELECTUS, AND EXERCISE BOOK 
WITH VOCABULARIES 



For the Use of the Lower Forms in Public and Private Schools 



WILLIAM SMITH, D.C.L., LL.D. 



TWELFTH EDITION, THOROUGHLY REVISED 



NEW YORK 
HARPBR & BROTHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE 

1892 



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^>-A T. y>u>^v^ 



THE PRINCIPIA SERIES. 



lSmo, Cloth. 

PRINCIPIA LATINA, Part I $0 65 

PRINCIPIA LATINA, Part IL 90 

INITIA GR«CA, Part 1 60 

APPENDIX TO INITIA GRJ3CA, Past 1 40 

FRENCH PRINCIPIA, Part I SO 

FRENCH PRINCIPIA, Part II 80 

FRENCH PRINCIPIA, Part III 1 00 

GERMAN PRINCIPIA, Part 1 60 

GERMAN PRINCIPIA, Part II. 80 

ITALIAN PRINCIPIA, Part I. 76 

ITALIAN PRINCIPIA, Part II 90 



Publishid bt HARPER & BROTHERS, N«w York. 

* HiHFia A Bbotwkm* vtiU uad any of A* ohm* work* by mail, poataot prepaid, to amy 
part of IA* UniUd #aiu r Canada, or Mtmeo, om rtetipt o/tAt prut 



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PREFACE TO THE TWELFTH EDITION. 



This Edition has been thoroughly revised, and the Greek 
Exercises printed in a larger and clearer type. Various 
additions and improvements have been made, of which 
the following are the most important. 

1. In the first seventeen Exercises, preliminary exercises 
are introduced on tho grammatical forms. 

2. Throughout the work particular attention is directed 
to the Stems of words, and they-are in all cases prefixed to 
the paradigms of nouns, adjectives, pronouns, and verbs. 

3. In the paradigms of the verbs in -o>, a pure verb Xv-<a 
has been given, as well as rvnr-m, at the request of several 
teachers, inasmuch as the endings of the tenses are most 
clearly seen in the pure verbs. But tho paradigm of tvttt-o) 
has been retained, beoause pure verbs are deficient in 
several tenses. Teachers will therefore have the option 
of selecting which of the two paradigms they prefer for 
their pupils to commit to memory. But it will probably 
be the better plan to learn both by heart. 



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iy PREFACE. 

4. The tenses of all verbs, those in -<■> and those in -yn, 
are now arranged on a uniform plan and printed in a 
tabular form. There was some inconsistency in the 
arrangement of several of the verbs in the former editions. 
I have adopted, with some modifications, the phm pursued 
in the Primer of Greek Accidence by Messrs. Abbot t. and 
Mansfield, which is substantially the same as that of 
Curtius. 

5. The Verb has been moro fully explained. In addition 
to the general remarks on the Voices, Moods, and Tenses, 
which were not in the previous edition (see pp. 52-54), 
the formation of the Augment and the enlargement of 
the Present-Stem are treated more completely. 

6. The Short Syntax, which appeared for the first time 
in the eleventh edition, is now slightly enlarged. 

1. A brief account of the Accents is added; but they 
are printed after the body of the work for reference (see 
pp. 156-158), as it is not desirable to trouble the pupil 
with the rules for accentuation till he has made some 
progress in the language. 

8. New and fuller Indices are given, for the preparation 
of which, as well as for some corrections in the body of 
the work, I am indebted to the Eev. C. E. Barker, one 
of the Masters in Leamington College. I have also to 
acknowledge my obligations to Messrs. Abbott and Mans- 
field's work already mentioned, and to Mr. A. Watts for his 
careful revision of the proof sheets. 



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CONTENTS. 



NO0NS, ADJECTIVES, NUMERALS, AND PRONOUNS. 

PACK 

I. The Alphabet 1 

II. Parts op Speech— The Article — Substantives 4 

HI. The First or A Declension 5 

IV. The Second or Declension 8 

V. Adjectives of the First and Second De- 
clensions 10 

VI. Contracted Second Declension of Substan- 
tives, and Contracted Adjectives of the 

First and Second Declensions 12 

VII. The Third Declension 14 

VIII. Adjectives of the Third Declension .. .. 26 

IX. Some Irregular Substantives 32 

X. Some Irregular Adjectives 35 

XI. Comparison of Adjectives.. ... 36 

XII. The Numerals 41 

XIII. The Pronouns 43 

VERBS. 

XIV. The Verb 51 

XV. The Auxiliary Verb tlpl, I am 55 

XVI. First Conjugation, or Verbs in Q .. .. 57 

XVII. Consonant Stems. Active Voice tvitto), I strike 58 

Passive and Middle Voices, rxmrofiai .. 60 
XVIII. Vowel Stkms Uncontracted. Active Voice 

Auctf, I loose .. 64 

Passive and Middle Voices, Xvo/tai .. 66 



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Tl CONTENTS. 

XIX. Vowel Stems Contracted. Stems in A. Tipao, 

I honour 71 

Stems in E. ttou'w, I make 73 

Stems in O. iouXow, I enslave 74 

XX. Declension of Participles of Yebb8 in a 

Uncontbacted 76 

XXI. Exercises on the Acttye Voice of Verbb 

in O Uncontbacted 77 

XXII. Exebcises on the Passive and Middle Voices 

of Verbs in O Uncontbacted 89 

XXIII. Exebcises on Tenses peculiar to the Middle 

Voice of Vebbs in O 97 

XXIV. Exebcises on Contbacted Vebbs 99 

XXV. Second Conjugation, ob Vebbs in pu .. .. 103 

XXVI. Exebcises on Vebbs in /u. Fibst Class .. Ill 
XXVII. Exebcises on Verbs in fu. First Class (con- 
tinued) 117 

XXVIII. Exebcises on Vebbs in /m. First Class (con- 
tinued) 123 

XXIX. Exercises on Vebbs in /u. Second Class .. 125 

XXX. Irregular Verbs in O 129 

XXXI . Exebcises on the Ibbegular Verbs .. .. 141 

A Short Syntax 149 

Accents 156 

Vocabularies 159 

Words differing in Meaning according to theib 

Accents 182 

Index I. — Greek Words 183 

Index II.— English Wobds 209 



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INITIA GB.MCA. 



I.— THE ALPHABET. 
1. There are 24 letters in the Greek alphabet : — 

Pronunciation. 

a (short or long) 

b 

g (hard as in get) 

d 

e (only short) 

z 

6 (only long) 

th (as in thin) 

\ (short or long) 

k 

1 

m 

n 

x 

5 (only short) 

P 

r 

s 

t 

fi (short or long, 

ph [as in tune) 

ch (hard as in 

ps [chasm) 

5 (only long) 

The letter f, called Digamma, is obsolete, but had the 
sound of the Latin v. 

The letter Sigma has two forms: <r at the beginning 
and in the middle of words ; s at the end of words. 

The letter Qamma before y, k, x> or $, is pronounced 
like n ; as rtyym, pronounced tengo ; avynaXS), pronounced 
sunkah ; koyxrj, pronounced lonchi ; <f>6piuy$, pronounced 
phorminx. 



Large Character. 


Small Character. 


Name. 


A 


a 


Alpha 


B 


P 


Beta 


r 


I 


Gamma 


A 


Delta 


E 


c 


Epsllon 


Z 


c 


Zeta 


H 


v 


Eta 





6 


Theta 


I 


t 


Iota 


K 


K 


Kappa 


A 


A 


Lambda 


M 


/* 


Mu 


N 


V 


Nu 


B 


£ 


Xi 


O 





Omlcron 


n 


IT 


Pi 


p 


P 


Eho 


3 


a s 


Sigma 


T 


T 


Tau 


Y 


V 


Upsllon 


* 


<t> 


Phi 


X 


X 


Chi 


* 


f 


Psi 





to 


Omega 



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TUE ALPHABET. 



<.. The Vowels are divided into hard, a, e rj, o co, and 

8r>yj, t, v. 



3 The Diphthongs are : 


ut pronounced like ai in at'sfe, as <u£ 


« » 


„ «» „ «fc»"jZuf „ oWos 


Ol „ 


„ 0» n Otl „ KOOfOi 


Ut „ 


„ whi „ whine „ vtos 


OV „ 


„ a» „ !aud „ vavs 


ev and rjv „ 


„ eu „ feudal „ hrXtvo-a, ijv$ov 


ov and wo „ 


„ ou „ sound „ ovpavos, oivros. 



also a, 5 and a>, i.e. a, 17 and <o, with an Iota suhscriptuni 
(that is, written under). These three diphthongs, 'which are 
called improper diphthongs, are pronounced like o, 17, and o>, 
"without an Iota subscriptum. 

4. The Consonants are divided into three classes : 



I. Mutes: Hart . 


Soft. Aspirated. 


Gutturals (throat-sounds) »c 


y x 


Dentals (teeth-sounds) t 
Labials (lip-sounds) v 


8 e 


£ * 


II. Semivowels: 




Liquids, A, p. 




Nasals, y ( = v), v, 


Z 1 "- 


Sibilant, 0- (s). 




III. Double Consonants: 




f from ks, ys, x*« 


$ .» TS. 


£«,<**. 


£ >» 0-8. 





5. The Aspirate. The sign ' placed over the initial vowel 
to which it belongs represents h : t{ is pronounced hex. 
This sign is called spiritus asper, " rough breathing." 

Those initial vowels which have not this breathing are 
marked with the sign \ This sign is called the spiritus lenis, 
"gentle breathing." But this sign is not pronounced: 
hence Ik is ek ; aya>, ago. 

The spiritus asper is always placed over p at the be- 
ginning of a word : as, ptvpa. Where p is doubled in the 
middle of a word, the first p has the spiritus lenis, the 
second p the spiritus asper: as, IIvppos, Pyrrhus. 

In diphthongs the breathing stands over the second 
vowel : oStos = houtos ; «TSov = eidon. 



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THE ALPHABET. 3 

fi. Stops. — The comma and the full-stop are the same as 
in English. 

For the colon or semicolon • at the upper part of the 
line is used : as, ipiorw vpas • / ask you. 

For the sign of interrogation ; is used : as, ri ctiras ; 
wJiat did you my ? 

7. Apostrophe ' is the sign of the omission of a vowel 
b> fore another vowel : as, irap' eWiw for n-apa «cctVa>. 

8. Accents. There are three accents : 

(1) The acute ', the sharp or raised tone : as Aoyos. 

(2) The grave'', the low tone : diro. 

(3) The circumflex ", so called from its shape : o-kiSs. It 
is placed only over long vowels and diphthongs. 
In diphthongs the accent, like the breathing, is 
put over the second vowel : <£evy«, tovto. "With 
initial vowels accented, the circumflex is placed 
over the breathing : ovtos, rjOos, *Qtos ; and the 
acute, to the right of the breathing : dye, ipx°f m ' 
\wv. 

Note. — The rules for the use of the Accents are given at the end of 
the Exercises, but they may be learnt earlier, if it is thought desirable. 

Exercise for Beading. • . 

A. ye. yt). kou \i. \ei. — 8c. Soi. 8rj. ra. t«. to. t*>. T<p. 
tov. rav. tq. 0i. Otu ho. yaAa. vu. vcc vav. vg. pot. pa. ptu 
puv. era. aov. o-evw. — /Jov. /Sow. firfra. fiaXXio. in. irov. im>. 
■nav. <pu <j>tp<o. <f>tv. <f>vyrj. pv. pr/. pot. 

B. XapfiSa. Xapfiavu). pv. pekos. paXa. w. viucrcs. vwrcra. 
pewro. putro). criypa. aaxa. Komra. Kcuva. kowov. yap. ypav. 
Xj&wv. — rov. njv. toiv. rtpvio. rpavpa. SeXra. oWotj/s. 0*a. Otfra. 
6avpa. BavpaxTia. — iravra. irpiora. xouo. itavoptv. fitfra. jiaivv). 
/3aWu>. f}\a.Trrop.ev. <pevyu>. tpovevia. <pu8opau — xpi. ij/avio. ij/aWoi. 
tj/aXrtjp. i/txV' *'• fa *' fcvdos. £<uva>. frrjra. fip-ijo-«. 

C. ahf>a. ai£avw. aWljp. alpa. Ipov. haov. tlra. dpa. eipa. 
tvpuTKw. ohyov. olvov. olav. olov. ijra. ipifcov. tjkiov. uora. Iva. 
hnroi. vtro. viol. Ilokt). aSio. wb\]. 

D. yrj. yty. prp>. pvs. o"Cs. o-rjs. \j/ap. tprpr. $<os. ^<i>s. Xos. 
vvi. Oiqp. 6pl£. <rap£. <f>prjv. rpm. Spvs. k\<oj'. \6unr. vavs. 
vovs. ftovs. irovs. irais. &ns. X € V« K ^ €l '*' Zeus, ypavs. 



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.y 



( 4 ) 



IL— PARTS OF SPEECH. 

THE ARTICLE-SUBSTANTIVE& 

1 , L . i>art ' / Speech.— There are nine parts of speech in 
the Greek language. 1. Article. 2. Substantive or Noun. 
3. Adjective. 4 Pronoun. 5. Verb. 6. Adverb. 7. Pre- 
position. 8. Cbn>nc*ion. 9. Interjection. 

2. Genders.— There are three Genders : Masculine, Femi- 
nine, Neuter. 

3. Number and Case.— There are three Numbers: Singu- 
lar for one, Dual for two, Plural for several. There are 
bve cases : Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Vocative. 
iney have the same English signs as in Latin. The 
Vocative often has S prefixed.-* ote. Greek has lost the 
Ablative, for which the Genitive serves in some meanings, 
tne Dative in others. ° 

V 4 - The Definite Article is thus declined : 



_8ingular. 

Norn. 

Gen. 

Bat. 

Ace. 



Dual. 

N.A. 
G.D. 



Plural. 
Nom. 

Gen. 

Bat. 

Ace. 



Masc. 

« 

o 

TOV 
T<3 
TOV 



TU) 
TOtV 



Ol 

t£v 

TOIS 
TOVS 



Fern. 

« 

rg 

TTJV 



ra 

TOIV 



at 

Tais 
ras 



Neut 



TO 
TOU 
T(3 
TO 



Tat 

TOO/ 



T<£ 

Taw 

TOIS 



<ne 
of the 
to the 
the 



the 
oforto the 



the 

of the 
to the 
the 



Warn-The Inaennite Article is not expressed in Greek 

after Sf ?"* » ^J"' * the word which remains 
after the changeable endings are taken away. 

final JSof^l^ 1 * 1 ^ *#*&** by the 
(or?) Tlle Fint 2>ecfc ~ n ' on stains Stems ending in a 
(or?) . ThS ^ eC0 " d - Decfew «' w » stains Stems ending in o 
(3) The Tntrd Declension contains Stems Andi™ ,r. 
-nsonanM and the soft vowels „ v , "witTa^l ™ 



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( 5 ) 



III.— THE FIEST OE A DECLENSION. 

The First Declension contains Masculine and Feminine 
Substantives, of which the Steins end in o. In certain 
cases this a becomes r\. The terminations of the Nomina- 
tive Singular are in the feminine o, 17, in the masculine 
ds, 17s. As the feminities are the most numerous, they are 
given first. 





Feminisms. 


1 JoASCUI-iNES. 


Stem. 
English. 


X»P»> 

land. 


■yXuxrcra, 

tongue. 


ri|ia, j v«ovia, 
honour, 'young man. 


iroXira, 

citizen. 

6 iroki/rq-% 
iroktrov 
irokirg 

TToklTq-V 

irokiTa. 


Sing. Nom. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 
Voc. 


V X<?P d 

X<apa-v 
X u>pa 


r/ y\ux7<TOL 
y\iixr<rrj<s 
ykma-<rg 
ykuxro-a-v 
ykioarad 


V rt M 
Tifirji 
riprj 
rip.r'j-1' 

n M 
Tt/ad 
rifnatv 


6 vedvid-s 
vedvlov 
vecuaa 
via.vCa.-v 
vtavia. 


Bu.N.A.V. 
G.B. 


X<i>paa> 


ykto&aa 
ykuxraaiv 


veavta 
vtaviaiv 


iroktra. 
irokiraiv 


Plur. Nom. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 
Voe. 


XS>pai 

X<opZv 

Xo'ipoK 

Xtopus 

X<Z>p(U 


y\£><T<70.i 
ykuxro'Siv 
■yXtuo"<rais 
• ykdeeds 


Tlp.S>V 

Tifials 
Ti/xas 
Tifiai 


vtavuu 

vcdciw 

vidviaui 

vtdvids. 

vtaviai 


TToklTOil 

TroklrSiv 
irokirais 
irakiTa.'s 



y 



Note. — All nouns of which Ihc Nom. Sing, ends in a pure (that is, 
■J with a Vowel or p before it), keep o in nil canes of the singular, like 
X"7><* a,) d vtavla-t. All nouns, of which the Nom. Sing, ends in o not 
pure (that is, with any oonsoraiit but p before it), have -n in Gen. and 
Dal. Sing, but o in Ace. and Voc. Sing., like y\&<r(ra. All nouns, of which 
the Nom. Sing, ends in rj. kei p 1) throughout in t.e Sing., as rip.i\. [But 
Masculine Nouns in tijj, numes of p< onle, and i-rmpound words, havo 
o short in the Voc., as jroAiYa, Tlipoa (Nom. Siig. Tlcp- ijs, a Perna»), 
ytujicrpa (Kom. Sing. yewptrpTis, land-measurer).} In thu Plural au.l 
Dual all forma are alike. 

Eule 1. — The definite article agrees with the substan- 
tive in gender, number and case : as, -q x^P". " te land. 

Kule 2. — The article is placed before abstract words, 
and proper names of well-known persons, and of persons 
who have been recently mentioned : as, r) hUq, justice ; 
ry 'kOrjva, Athena (the goddess). 

Bule 3. —Transitive verbs govern an Accusative case : 
as, -q 'Advvd 0auju.af« rr/v SUrn; Athena admires justice. 



S 



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6 TT1E FIBST DECLENSION. 

Exercise I. 
Feminine Substantives. 
davudfet (he, she, it) admires. 0avna£ovcn(v) (they) admire. 
A. — 1. tt)s mrffp. 2. rilr mr/unr. 3. ralv iD/yatv. 4. ti/s 
o-oc/u'as. 5. w dptTaJi'. 6. rail' Mouow. 

1. Of the queen. 2. Of the lands. 3. Of the root. 4. Of the 
earth. 5. Of the brides. 6. Of friendship. 

B. — 1. tj AOijva Oav/id^ti Ttjv vv/xtfnjV. 2. ■}) AOrpra dav/xa^tt 
tos vi'/i.$as. '3. r) Moura 0av/ta£a ttjv )(tapav. 4. al Movcrat 
Oavfia^ovcrt ras \<opai. 5.' rj /3a<rtAaa Oav/ul^d r^v aXr/dciay. 

6. at fiafriktuu davfiuXflwri ttjv aXr'jOtiav. 7. ij 'A0r)va $av 
aafet t^v TtrrffjV. 8. al vv/ufMt OavfiaZflWi. ras 7n/yds. 9.' r) 
AOrjva 0avfia£u tijv Soojv. 10.' al fiatriXaai fcW/xd£oi>cri T»)v ouojv. 

1. The bride admires the fountain. 2. The brides admire the 
country. 3. 'Athena admires truth. 4."J'he Muses admire truth. 
5.' The queen admires justice. 6. The queens admire the fountains. 

7. The Muses admire the fountains. 8. The queen admires ther 
brides. 9. Athena admires the brides. 10. '1 he Muses admire the 
brides. 

Kole 4. — When two Substantives are connected by the 
•verb "to be," they are put in the sa;uc case: as, *) yf} 
trtJMifid toriv, the earth is a globe. 

Bule 5.— The latter of two Substantives is put in the 
Genitive case when the one is dependent upon the other: 
as, rj Oeocrtflua hrrw apxi] t»}s <roc£ias, the fear-of-God is the 
beginning of wisdom. 

Bule 6. — In Greek the article is usually prefixed to the 
Subject, but not to the Complement of the Predicate, even 
when the latter has the article in English. See example 
in Bule 5. [Hence the Subject and Complement, of the 
Predicate may be distinguished when they would other- 
■wise be doubtful : as, ©«6s ^" ° A.oycs, the word was God.~\ 

Exercise II. 
(ort(v)' (he, she, it) is. rf(rl(v)* (they) are. 
A. — 1. tq apery. 2. rats aperais. 3. ras pi£fl<s. 4. rfj 
rf>i\ux.. 5. & MoCaa. 6. ras Sofas. 

1. To the earth. 2. To the Muses. 3. O Muses! 4. For the 
reputation. 5. Of the fear-of-God. 6. For the strength. 

* This final v (commonly called v i4>t\Kv<rnic6v) is found in all 3rd persons of the 
Terb, ending in iv and m, and also iu dative plurals in aiv. It s dropped before a 
consonant. 



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THE FIRST DECLENSION. 7 

B. — 1. ^ yr\ <rcf>cupa. ioriv. 2. r} OtoaifStui. Ioriv apxyi ti)s 
otxpias. 3/ 17 dpenj ioriv apxr) i-i}? <pi\las. 4. 17 Biooiflua. 
ion irqyq rrji ootpiai. 5. ^ Oiooifitid ion pi£a tj/s dptrijs. 
6.' ^ open; «ro T^s ^rvxV 9 faf-V- '■ ^ 6cooi/3eui ioriv dpx^ 
tGv dperiv. 8. 17 Beooifitia ioriv atria rail' dpeiw. 9. t) apery 
ion Tijy^ rijs </>iAias. 10. ^ t^s Sdfiys* iiriBv/ua ioriv curia i-ijs 
dptri/s. 

1. The fear-of-God is (the) root of wisdom. 2. The fear-of- 
God is (the) fountain of friendship. 3. The fear-of-God is (the) 
strength of the soul. 4.' Virtue is (the) beginning of wisdom. 
5. Virtue is (the) fountain of friendship. 6. Virtue is (the) root 
of friendship. 7.' The desire of virtue is wisdom. 8.' The desire 
of virtue is (the) beginning of wisdom. 9. 'I he desire of virtue is 
(the) fountain of wisdom. 10.' The desire of virtue is (the) strength 
of the soul. 

Exercise III. 

Masculine Substantives. 

fy (he, she, it) was. %<rav (they) were. 

A. — 1. tow iwJfhfrov. 2. rZv fuaOrjrlov. 3. *Ava£aydpov. 
4. rS>v veaviiav. 5. tov votpiorov. 6. rav evptrwv. 

1. Of Euripides. 2. Of Gorgias. 3. Of the sophists. 4. Of 
the discoverer. 5. Of the Scythians. 6. Of Orestes. 

B. — 1. 6 vcavtas #au/xdf« tt)v <f>t\iav. 2. ol vtaviai 8avp.a- 
tprutri rrfv rov iro\tTOv* <f>i\iav. 3. 01 2xv#ai OavpjiZpvoi iip> *Ope- 
orom <pi\!av. 4. 'Epp.fjs ?jv iraXaiorpas tvperfp. 5. 6 Topyias 
r/v fiaOyrrjS Turiov. 6. Evpnrt8)js 5" r la ^V T V i 'Avafaydpov. 
7. rTpawoydpas «al Topyias (cal 'Imrias trotpurrai %oav. 8. ol 
'Ava£aydpov paOrfrai IJvpiiri8r)V Oav/uifcovow. 9. 01 vtaviax rrfv 
*Aia£aydpoi> oo<piav Oavpatjivoiv. 10/ 01 iroXrrat rrjv EvpunSov 
oo<piav 6avpa£ovara>. 

1. The citizen admires the wisdom of the young-man. 2. The 
citizens admire the wisdom of the young-men. 3. The Scythian 
admires the friendship of Orestes. 4. ' The Scythians admiro 
the friendship of Euripides. 5. ' The disciple of Anaxagoras 
admires the sophists. 6.' The disciples of the sophists admiro 
Kuripides. 7.' Euripides was a disciple of the sophists. 8. The 
young-man was a disciple of Gorgias. 9.*The disciphs of the 
sophists admire the wisdom of Euripides. 10. The disciples of 
Protagoras were young-men. 

* Note tbat tbe Genitive is frequently placed between tbe article and the noon, oa 
which it depends. 



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( 8 ) 

IV.— THE SECOND OE O DECLENSION. 

The Second Declension contains Masculine, Feminine, 
and Neuter Substantives, of which the Stems end in o, 
and a few, of which the Stems end in «. Substantives, of 
which the Stems end in m, are said to belong to the Attic 
Second Declension. The termination of the Masculines and 
Feminiues in the Nominative Singular is o-s (<o-s), that of 
the Neuters o-v (ta-v). 





o Stej 


IS. 

tlMTO, 


Supo, 


a 


STEM8. 


Stem. 


AvOpwiro, 


MM, 


dvuvco, 


English. 


num. ' inland. 


to fmpo-i' 


temple. ' vpper-room. 
6 vt(c-sTo avtirytto-v 


Sing. Nom. 


6 avdpunro-sT] l^o-c-s 


Gen. 


av6p<oirov 1 vrjerov 


oujpov 


vtu> 


afcuyou 


Bat. 


&vOpuymo 


Vqcrm 


S<t>p<o 


V«[> 


avurytw 


Ace. 


avOpunro-v 


vrjero-v 


BS>po-v 


VttlY-V 


avuyyvn-v 


Toe. 


avOpunrt 


vrjerc 


Smpa-v 
oV>p<o 


V£U> 


aiarytio-v 


Du. N.A.V. 


avOpioirw 1 vrjGio 


av<i>y(d> 


G.D. 


av6pt!>Troiv\ vrj<roiy 


b\!>poiv 


vtwv 

VtIO 


livwytrnv 


Plur. Nom. 


avOpwiroi 


vrj<roi. 


&S>pa 


avwytto 


Gen. 


avOptbiruyv 


vqcTiav 


Biopmv 


vtwv 


antry€<i>v 


Bat. 


avOpunron 


VT)<TOIS 


&/>pois 


VC([)S 


a»'a)y«j)S 


Ace. 


ayOpii/irovs 


vrpovs 


Suipa. 


vtms 


&v<irytw 


Toe. 


avOpwTroi 


YT)<TOl 


8<5pa 


VCttl 


Avurytto 



Note 1. — The Feminine Substantives of this Declension are few in 
number. 

2. In a Stems the vowel « absorbs nil the other vowels of the enses. 
so that a appears throughout. Where the o Stems have au i, it always 
appears as < tub$criptum in » Stems. 

Rule 7. — The Dative indicates the person who gains or 
loses anything, and is usually translated by to or for : as, 
6 viwos (hjaavpos «m tois hvOpdnrois, sleep is a treasure for (or 
<o) men. 

Exercise IV. 

1. Masculine and Feminine Substantives in O. 

A. — 1. tov &Se\<pov. 2. tj} d^ureXij). 3. tov &no~a.vpoxn 
4. w vrjo~w. 6. tois aStA^ois. 6. rolv avOpunrow. 

1. Of the island. 2. To the two islands. 3. For Dionysus. 
4. Of the test. 5. For the food. 6. Of the character (pi.). 



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THE SECOND DECLENSION. 9 

B. — 1. 01 vtavCai 6a.V[w£ov<Tt ras vrjcrov^. 2. 6 rmv Otmv <titos 
ijv a/x^poa-ia. 3. 6 vjtvos Oavarov aSeX.tf>6s i<mv. 4. wiros Kal 
ddvaros thrw aB(X.<fxo. 5.' 6 vjtvos Otpravpos fori t<3 avOpanro). 

6. 6 vWos 6r)<ravpos tori t<3 veavtijt. 7. 6 xpwos oo\o$ caTty 
avOpumois. 8. Aidnxros tt/s a/tire\ou cv/>en}S ^i\ 9." 6 ^pvo-os 
KOKtas vjnypcnjs toriv. 10. 6 apyvpos /Jaawds «m iw tou 
avdpunrov TpdVaw. 

1.' Gold is a treasure of the island. 2. Gold and silver are 
treasures of the island. 3. The gods admire the treasures of the 
island. 4. Gold is a test of the character (plural) of the man. 
5. Silver is a guile to men. 6. Gold and silver are a guile to men. 

7. Men admire the discoverer of the vine. 8. The vine is a treasure 
to men. 9. Gold and silver are the ministers of vice. 10. Men 
admire the food of the gods. 

Exercise V. 

2. Neuter Substantives. 

[The Nom., Ace, and Toe. of Neuter Nouns are the same. The Nom., 
Ace, and Voc. plural of all Neuter Substantives end in a.] 

A. — 1. tow SevBpov. 2. tow Swpots. 3. r<2> ttSdJAo). 4. rot 
pdSa. 5. rots cpvXXoK. 6. t<3 (pap/mKig. 

1. Of the remedies. 2. For the roses. 3. Of the leaves. 4. For 
the violets. 5. For the trees. 6. To the sign. 

B. — 1. SStpov Auwvrrov icrriv 6 oivos.* 2. ^t^Js <pdpfuu<6v 
ioTiv 6 Xoyos. 3. 6 vjitos tj)s voaou <pdp/juxi<6v iarw. 4. 6 Xoyos 
Trje 'jruxo^ •JSwXov «mv. 5. 6 avdpanros Oavfm^ei. to p68a koX 
to. la. 6. 6 vcavt'as 6avp.a£ei Ta Sevopa. 7.' ai vvp.ipa.1 OavfiA- 
£ovo"i Ta <f>vX\a. 8.' <jrt<pavoi ttxriv aperijs OT^/mov. 9. r&v 
6tmv obcrfT-qptov iartv 6 *OA«/«ros.* 10. 6 vtowas 0avp.a£« Tot 
Ouipa. 

1.' The vine is the gift of Dionysus. 2. Food is the gift of the 
gods. 3. The bride admires the trees and the leaves. 4. The young- 
man admires the rose and the violet. 5. The citizen admires the 
roses and the violets. 6. The Muses admire the habitation of the 
gods. 7. The man admires the remedy of the disease. 8. The 
fear-of-God is a remedy against (say of) vice. 9.' The men admire 
the trees of the island. 10. The men admire the roses of the islands. 

* The Substantive with the Article is the Subject, and the one without the Article 
the complement of the Predicate. See Bale S, page 6. 



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10 



ADJECTIVES. 



Exercise "VX 
Substantives in O. Attic Second Beclension. 
?X«» (he, the, it) has. i%ovo-i(v) (they) have. 
ovrt, neither .... oCrt, nor. 

A. — 1. T<p "Avopoyao. 2. t<{> MiW. 3- rots dv<oy«^s. 4. 
toC Aayio. 5. tm AayuS. 6. t5>v Tofiv. 

1. Of the peacock. 2. To the peacocks. 3. To the temple. 4. Of 
the hares. 5. Of Minos. 6. For the upper rooms. 

B. — 1. oi 2a/uo( rcuus ixovcrtv. 2. o vcan'a? I^« avuyyeiov. 
3. al vv/j.tf>ai exovaiv dvurytm. 4. oi "S,Kv0ai ovrt /8<i>juov$ ovre 
vctbs l^ovo-iv. 5. 'AvSpdye&JS ^v MtVw wlos. 6. 6 7roAm;s 
Aayaji/ t\ti. 

1. The young-man was the son of Minos. 2. The bride has an 
upper room. 3. The young-man has a peacock. 4. The citizens 
have neither altars nor temples. 5. The young-men were the sons 
of Androgeos. 6. The men have hares. 



V.— ADJECTIVES OP THE FIRST AND 
SECOND DECLENSIONS. 

1. Adjectives of Three Terminations. — Adjectives in 
os, rj (or a), ov, are declined in the Masculine and Neuter 
like Substantives of the Second Declension, and in the 
Feminine like Substantives of the First Declension. 

(1.) Stems in o (/em. in r) for o) : as ayaOo, good. 

(2.) Stems in o pure (fern, in a pure) : as 4>iXu>, friendly. 



Stem. 

Sing. Nom. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 
Voc. 

Bu.N.A-.V. 
G.B. 

Plur. Nom 
Gen- 
Bat 
Ace. 


Masc. Fem. Neut. 
4-yaflo 4-ya9a(i)) A-yaflo 


Ma>a Fem. Neut. 
<^i\io <|>i\ia 4>t\io 


ayaOoi ayaO-q ayaOov 
ayaOov ayaOrjs ayaOov 
ayaOip ayaOy 6.ya0$ 
ayaOov ayaOr/v ayaOov 
ayaOi ayaOrj ayaOov 


c/h'Aios <j>iXia <£i'Atov 
<f>iXiov <f>iXias tfuXiov 
(jbiAup <f>iXia <j>i\i(p 
<f>i\iov <f>i.ktav tfxXiov 
^tXtc <jn\ta. <f>iXiov 


dyaOta ayaOd AyaOu> 
dyaOolv ayaOaxv ayaOolv 


<f>i\Cw <f>iXia. <f>iXtu> 
<f}ikioiv <f>iXiaiv <j>i\Cow 


dyaOoi ayaOai ayaOd 
dyaOSiv dyaOiov ayaOtov 
dyaOoli ayaOais ayaOois 
ayaOovs dyapas ayaOd 


<f>t\ioi <f>i\.iai <f>[Xia 
<j>iAimv (f>tXto)V (fnXimv 
<£iAtbls (ftt\lai<; <f>i\iois 
tf>i\iovs <£iAwis <f>iKia 



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ADJECTIVES. 



11 



2. Adjectives of Two Terminations. — Compound Ad- 
jectives in os, ov, with few exceptions, and Adjectives ;n 
<os (Attic Second Declension) have the same terminations 
for the Feminine as the Masculine, as — 



Maso. and Fern. 


Kent 




1. a-6dva.TOS 


d-Odvarov 


immortal. 


2. iX«os 


iXctuv 


propitious. 



M. F. N. 

Stem. dOuvai-o 


M. F. N, 
tkut 


Sing. Nom. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 
Voe. 


dOdvaros -ov 

dOavdrov 

ddavdria 

aOdvarov 
dOdvart -ov 


IXcux; rXeciw 
tXeo> 
tX<a» 

IX.€(DV 

2X«as T\€<av 


Dual. N.A.V. 
G.B. 


dOavdrm 
dOavdroiv 


IktipV 


Plur. N. V. 
Gen. 
Bat. 

Ace. 


dddvaroi -a 
dOavdrmv 
dOavdrois 

cWavaYovs -a 


TXeia iXca 

iktmv 

iXews 
iXods ZXeo 



Edle 8. — Adjectives agree with their Substantives in 
gender, number, and case. 

Eule 9. — An Adjective is attributive or predicative. When 
the Article is prefixed to the Adjective it is attributive, 
as : 6 dyatfos dvOponros, the good man ; when the Article is 
prefixed to the Substantive alone it is predicative, as : 
6 dvOponros tcrrtv dyaOos. 

Eule 10. — The Nominative Plural of Neuter Substan- 
i tives has the verb in the singular : as to. poSa tori tcaXa, 
the roses are beautiful. 

Exercise VII. 

A. — 1. 6 avBouttros io-Tiv dyaOds. 2. 17 /?a.<riXaa iariv dyaOrj. 
3. to Swpov ioriv dyaOov. 4. ol dvOpuyrroi euriv dyaOoi. 5. al 
\ /3ao-iXeicu e'uriv dyaOai. C. ra BZpd ioriv dyadd. 7. 6 dStX- 
$os ■qv <£i'Aios tow /jLaOrfrais. 8. rj flaalXcia Jjv <pt\ia Tats 
vv/upais. 9. 01 dSeX^ot rj<rav <pikioi tois /na&jTats. 10. vttvos 
/cat Odvaros turi 8tov/xa> <18eA</>w. 



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12 



THE SECOND DECLENSION. 



1. The god is good. 2. The Muse is food. 3. The tree is good. 
4. The gods are good. 5. The Muses are good. 6. The trees are 

food. 7. The young-man was friendly to the sophists. 8. The 
fuse was friendly to Euripides. 9. The gods were friendly to the 
disciples. 10. The Muses were friendly to Euripides. 

B. — 1. rov <ro<f>ov avOpanrov. 2. tois o-o<f>oig pjaJb\[rai<>. 
3. rS>v koXjUv pooW. 4. rOnr koXuiv vrfrutv. 5. St tfttkit iroAira. 
6. rip KaX^s vvfu^s. 

1. heautiful bride. 2. For the beautiful brides. 3. For the 
good man. 4. For the friendly queen. 6. Of the friendly man. 
6. For the twin brothers. 

C. — 1. r) vijcros i\ti KaXa poSa. 2. i) vfj<ros ?j(« koXoL poSa 
Kat to. 3. ai vvfitftai (?av/itt£ovcrt ra KaXa poSa Kal ia. 4. ra 
$5>pa Atovuo-ov iarl KaXa. 5. KaXbv 85>pov Aunvvarov ioTiv o 
otvos. 6. 6 vtavuK 6avp.d£u Ttjv taXrjv vvp.<f>rjv. 7. Aionxros 
7-775 KaAij<; d/xirehov evptrtjs rjv. 8. <ro<f>6s bmv 6 6w. 9. ol 
'Avaiayopov fiaQrjral r)aav <ro<poC 10. 'Avaiayopai rjv (piXios 

TOW <TO<pOlS flaOrrTOU'}. 

1. The beautiful queen admires the roses and the violets. 2. The 
roses and the violets are beautiful. 3. The gifts of the god are 
beautiful. 4. The gifts of the god are friendly to virtue. 5. The 
citizens admire the beautiful queen. 6. The wise brothers are the 
disciples of Anaxagoras. 7. Sleep and death are twin-brothers. 

8. Euripides was friendly to the wise disciples of Anaxagoras. 

9. The men admire the beautiful gifts of the god. 10. The wise 
disciples of Anaxagoras were friendly to Euripides. 



VI.— CONTEACTED SECOND DECLENSION OF 
SUBSTANTIVES, AND CONTRACTED AD- 
JECTIVES OF THE FIRST AND SECOND 
DECLENSIONS. 



1. 


Contracted Substantives. 


Stem. 


voo 


itrrto 


English. 


mind. 


bone. 


Sing. Norn. 


6 voo-s vov-s 


TO OOTtO-V OOTOV-V 


Gen. 


voou vov 


OOTtOV OOTOV 


Bat. 


vow via 


OOT«l> OOTCp 


Ace. 


voo-v vov-v 


OOTtO-V OOTOV-V 


Toe. 


voe. vov 


oWeo-v ootoS-v 



'■"v 



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CONTRACTED ADJECTIVES. 



13 



Contracted Substantives (continued). 




Dual. Mil. V. 
Q.B. 


voio vto 
vdotv vou' 


OOT«<0 
OOTCOIV 


OOTtt) 
OOTOIV 


Plur. Nom. 
Oen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 
Voc. 


vow vot 
voW vfiv 
vdois vots 
vdow vovs 
vdoi vot 


doTco 

OOTCCOV 
00"T«W 

ooTta 
oorca 


oora 

OOTCUV 
OOTOIS 

oora 
oora 



2. Contracted Adjectives. 

1. Adjectives of Three Terminations, cos, «a, eov, and 
oos, or), oov, are contracted into ovs, o (jj), ow : as xpvo-eos, 
golden ; apyvpeos, silver ; ewrXdos, simple. In the Singular 
(but not in the dual and plural) the Feminine ta is con- 
tracted into rj, except when preceded by a vowel or p : it 
is then contracted into a, as apyvpia, apyvpa. 





Ma&o. Fem. 


Neut. 


Masc. Fem. Ncut. 


Stem. 


Xpua-to xpw™ 11 


Xpvcrco 


dp-yvpto dpYvpra &pyupeo 


SiDg. 








N.V. 


Xpvcrtos XP v(Tfa 


Xpvaeov 


apyvptos apyvpia apyvpeov 




Xpvcrovs xpucnj 


Xpvo-ovv 


apyvpovs apyvpa apyvpovv 


Oen. 


Xpvo-eov xP va ' (as 


Xpvo~eov 


apyvpiov apyvpeas apyvpeov 




Xpvo-ov xpvorjs 


Xpvaov 


apyvpov apyvpas apyvpov 


Dot 


Xpvo-eo XP vcre ? 


Xpvo-eo 


apyvpea) apyvpea apyvpia) 




Xpv<r<p XP v <m 


Xpvcra) 


apyvpw apyvpa apyvpa) 


Ace. 


XpV(T(OV xP v <* fav 


Xpvceov 


apyvpeov apyvpidv apyvpeov 




Xpvaovv xpvo 7 !" 


XpV(TOVV 


apyvpovv apyvpav apyvpovv 


Dual. 








N.A.V. 


Xpvtrea xP va ^ 


Xpvarta 


apyvpea apyvpea apyvpea) 




Xpv<ra> XP v<Ta 


Xpvcro 


apyvpa) apyvpa apyvpa) 


O.D. 


Xpvatoiv xP v < r ^ cuv XP vcr ^ oi * 


apyvpeoiv apyvpiaivapyvpeoiv 




Xpvaoiv xP v<raiV 


Xpvamv 


apyvpoiv apyvpaiv apyvpoiv 


Plur. 








N.V. 


Xpvtreoi xP vatal 


Xpvo-ea 


dpyvpeoi apyvpeat apyvpea 




Xpvo'oi xpw 1 


Xpvo-a 


apyvpot apyvpai apyvpa 


Oen. 


Xpvo-iov xp v<r ^ av 


Xpvo~eav 


apyvpeov apyvpeov apyvpeov 




Xpvtrav xP v<r ' ov 


Xpvo-ov 


apyvpov apyvpov apyvpov 


Dat. 


Xpvo-eois xpvereais XP""'* '* 


apyvpeois apyvpiais apyvpeois 




Xpv<rois xP v<ra,s 


Xpvo-ois 


apyvpots apyvpais apyvpois 


Ace. 


Xpv&eovs XP v(T * ai 


Xpvata 


apyvpeovs apyvpeas apyvpea 




\xpvaovs xP v(r " s 


Xpvira 


apyvpovs apyvpas apyvpa 



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14 CONTRACTED ADJECTIVES. 

tSA E£ ttz] - contracted *™ shont as **«* 

But the unconiracted form of the Feminine Singular retains 
t] throughout, thus : airkorj, &trX.6-q<s, air\6r), &jr\6r)v. 

2. Adjectives of Two Terminations. — Compound Ad- 
jectives in eos eov, oos oov (ovs ow), have the same termi- 
nation for the Feminine as the Masculine like a-Oavaros (see 
p. 11): as 

Masc. and Fern. Neat 

ev-vous cv-vow well disposed. 

Exkrcise VIII. 

A. 1. T<3 V<3. 2. TO. OOTa. 3. TOIS OOTOIS. 4. T<3 xpxxriji 

<TT€<f>dv<i). 5. rov cwrAov irXou. 6. tS>v &vS>v itoXitHv. 

1. Of the mind. 2. Of the well-disposed man. 3. The foolish 
voyage (occ). 4. For the foolish man. 5. For the simple citizen. 

6. Of the golden crowns. 

B. — 1. 6 Aoyos tori to tov vov Karowrpov. 2. ol /xa&prat 
vurrov vow i\oww. 3. 6 irAovs i<mv cforAovs. 4. oi dyadol 
tois ayadolst cSvoi turiv. 5. ifivxrjs \aXwo'S av6p<I>Troti 6 voSs 
lortv. 6. 6 0apaTO« «rri ^pvows v^ro?. 7. oi Oeot eiVtv lAca" 
Tots ovflpawrois. 8. 6 Ta<£os *x« T " EupuriSov oora. 9. 6 xpwovs 
oritpcwos toriv operas ornuiov. 10. oi (rcxpiuraC curtv ovoi 
ttoAitoi. 

1. The mind of the disciples is faithful. 2. The young-men have 
a faithful mind. 3. The god is propitious to the man. 4. The 
citizens have golden crowns. 5. The brother was well-disposed to 
the sophists. 6. The brothers were well-disposed to the disciples. 

7. The tomb has the bones of Anaxagoras. 8. The citizens were 
well-disposed to the young-men. 9. Golden crowns are a sign of 
valour. 10. The citizens have simple minds. 



VII.-THE THIRD DECLENSION. 

The Third Declension contains Masculine, Feminine, 
and Neuter Substantives, of which the Stems end in con- 
sonants and the soft vowels t and v, with a few in o and <o. 

Note. — The Stem is best learnt from the Genitive Singular : thus, 
Nom. fiiiAal, Gen. <f>i\cuc-os, Stem 4>uXaK. 



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THIBD DECLENSION. 



15 



The endings of this declension are : 





Masculines and Feminizes. 


Neutebs. 


Singular. 






Nom. 


« or long vowel in compensation 


no ending 


Gen. 


OS 


OS 


Bat. 


i 


i 


Ace. 


o or v 


no ending 


Voc. 
Dual. 


no ending or as in the Nom. 


»> 






N. A. V. 


t 


c 


G.B. 


oiv 


OIV 


Plural. 






Nom. 


€S 


a 


Gen. 


aa> 


(OK 


Bat. 


<n(x) 


<ri(v) 


Ace. 


as 


a 


Voc. = Nom. 


*s 


a 



A. Masculine and Feminine Substantives. 



1. Substantives of which the Stems end in 
and Labial Mutes, k, y, \, and ir, fl, <j>. 


the Guttural 


Stem. 
English. 


4>vX&K, 

yuard. 


|UKTTl-y, 

whip. 


Av«x, 
nati. 


■J.X.B, 

eetn. 


Sing. 
N. V. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 


6 <f>v\a£ 
<pvkaK-os 

<pvk<XK-l 

<f>v\aK-a 


■i) /taoTti 
/iaoTiy-os 
fiaorty-i 
fidariy-a 


O OW( 

ow^-os 
OKu^-a 


17 <^X«^ 

<pkt/3-[ 
<p\i/3-a 


Dual. 

N.A.V. 

G.B. 


i^vXcuc-e 

<j>vkd.K-OtV 


/xaxmy-f 

IUUTTiy-OtV 


onj;(-e 

OKU^-OU' 


(pkcP-duf 


Plur. 
N. V. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 


(pvka.K~€<; 

<pv\aK-a>v 
<pv\a$i(v) 
<f>v\aie-as 


/idoriy-es 
/iaariy-<i>v 
fiaoTttt(i') 
/tdoTiy-as 


ovv^-ts 

OV1^-0)l' 

oVv£t(v) 
oVu^-as 


<p\4P-es 

<p\€/3-UIV 

<p\aj/i(v) 
<^>\£j8-as 



Note. — kj, 7s, x s are contracted into £ : vs, $s, <f>s are contracted 
into ^. See p. 2. 

Rule 11. — The article is generally placed before whole 

: as 01 yvTrvs, vultures. 



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16 



MASCULINE AND FEMININE SUBSTANTIVES. 



Exercise IX. 

A. — 1. 'Apdjiwv. 2. opufi. 3. oprvyi. 4. rfiv irioriv ^v- 
Xoku)v. 5. rots irtoroTs Krjpviiy. 6. w uryypuv 6v6\ojv. 

1. To the Arabs. 2. The quails (Nom.) 3. heralds. 4. The 
well-disposed guards (Ace.). 5. Of the strong heralds. 6. For tho 
faithful Arabs. 

B. — l.'ot ttjs ftourtXtCas ipvkaxts tun irurroi. 2. ^ flao-cketa 
?X« irwrovs <pvkaica.s. 3. t; x<"P a *X CI <M*/^ as apyvpov. 4. ot 
"ApajSes KaAovs tinrovs e^oixriv. 5. 6 Krjpv£ t<3 aO£A<£(3 c<mv 
cvvaus. 6. oi iro\iT<u rots Kr)pv£iv thru/ tvvoi. 7. p.vpp,rJK<j}v 
/Si'os iroAvirovos eorw. 8. ixvpfi-qKusv /cat opTvywv /Jtos iroAv- 
«wos co-rtv. 9. ot ywres «^owt rows ovu^as urxypovs. 10. TO 
tpapfuiicov tort rots ywfilv curia Oavdrov. 

1. The guard of the queen is faithful. 2. The faithful guards are 
well-disposed to the citizens. 3. The veins of silver are beautiful. 
4. The horses of the Arabs are beautiful. 5. The brothers of the 
herald are well-disposed to the guards. 6. The guards are well- 
disposed to the heralds. 7. The island has ants and quails. 8. The 
talons of vultures are strong. 9. The brothers of the guards are 
strong. 10. The medicine is a cause of death to the guards. 

2. Substantives of which the Stems end in the Dental 

Mutes t, 8, 0. 



Stem. 
English. 


XaftiroS, 

torch. 


opviB, 

bird. 


Sing. N. V. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 


■fj Xafivd-i 
AcynraS-os 
Aa/nra8-i 
Aa/«,7ra8-a 


o, r) opvis 

OpvW-Oi 

5pvl6-X 

5pvW-a oi opvl-v 


Bvi.N.A.V. 
G.B. 


Aa/Mra8-« 
Xa.fiird&-oiv 


opvlff-e 
6pvC$-oiv 


Plur. N. V. 
Gen. 
Bat. 

' Ace. 


Aa/uraS-ts 
Xap.ird8-wv 
Xaft7ra-o"t(i') 
Xa/t7ra8-as 


5pvW-fs Orlopvas 
6pvC6-(av 
opvlrari{y)" 
8pvW-bs or opras 



Note 1. — The dentals are dropped before s : hence Nom. Sing. 
Aafiird-s, not Xa/nraS-s ; Dat. PI. \afari-(ri, not Ao/ii7roS-<ri. 

2. — The stems in it have an Ace. Sing, in iv: as \apvr, favour, Nom. 
X&p'-s, Aec. x^pt-v. 

3.— In vi£, wkt-6s, night, the stem is vvkt, but the t in the Nom. 
Sing and Dat. PI. is dropped before s, and ks are contracted into { ; 
hence Nom. Sing. v£*=vvk-s=vvkt'S ; Dat. PL ia>{(=»a»t-<ri=i'twcT-« , i. 



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THIBD DECLENSION. 
Exercise X. 

2. ikmSwv. 3. opvuri. 



17 



A. — 1. ox doiriSts. 2. iAirioW. 3. opvuri. 4. iw xpwrtoif 
Aa/tirdoW. 5. ry eww iraiSt. 6. ayaBSnr ikiriZtov. 

1. For the boys. 2. Hopes (ace.)- 3. The boys {nom.). 4. Of 
the good boys. 5. To the golden torches. 6. Of the golden shields. 

B. — 1. 6 Trais Xa/t7ra8o ?x«. 2. ol iraiScs ypwras Xa/«ra8as 
^(owrtv. 3. ^ vijo-os «x €t oppi6W 4. oi rStv opvffloiv ow\('s 
ehnv ioyypoi. 5. 6 SvOpanros rjv irpoSonp t§s irarpiSos. 6. ai 
Xpv<rat doTrtSes ^o-av fUuepaC 7. ol <f>vkaK€S Ikirujas dyatfas v 
s^ovo-iv. 8. o! KqpvKes eunv eSvoi tois irawiv. 9. at xpuo-ai 
dorriSts 170-av operas <nqp.uov. 10. to ^appxucoV ia-nv opvunv 
curia 6a.va.Tov. 

1. The torches of the boy were beautiful. 2. The birds of the 
island were beautiful. 3. The talons of the birds were strong. 
4. The men were betrayers of their native-land. 5. The boys have 
good hopes. 6. The herald was friendly to the beautiful boy. 7. The v ' 
life of the boys is laborious. 8. The hopes of the boys were golden. 
9. The golden torches are a sign of valour. 10. The medicine is a 
cause of death to the boys. 



3. Substantives of which the Stems end in ovr, ovr. 


Stem. 
English. 


yiyavr, 

giant. 


ASovt, 

tooth. 


X«OVT, 

{ton. 


bing. Nom. 
Gen. 
Bat. 

Ace. 
Voc. 


o yiya-s 
yiyan-os 
ytyavT-i 
ytyavT-a 
yiyav 


6 d&W-s 
d8oVr-os 
d8oVr-i 
686vr-a 
doW-s 


6 AeW 

X«OIT-OS 
XtOVT-l 

Xcojr-a 
Xcov 


Dual. N.A.V. 
Q.B. 


yiyavr-e 
yiydvr-oiv 


dSdvr-e 
dSdvT-otv 


Xeow-e 
Xtdir-otv 


Plur. N. V. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 


yiyair-es 
yiyaVr-uiv 
ytya-o-t(v) 
ytyaw-as 


dSdir-cs 
oSovt-w 
d8ov-ai(v) 
d8di/T-as 


X«HT-CS 
ktOVT-<OV 

kiov-ciCy) 
A«ht-o.s 



Note 1. — vr are dropped before i, and o is lengthened into d, o 
into ov: hence Nom. 8mg. yiya-s, not ytyavr-s: Dat. PI. 7(70-0-1, 
not yiyarr-ai; Nora. Sing. oJoi5-j, not o5o»r-t; Dat. PI. 4SoC-o-i, 
not otovr-at. 

2. — Most Stems in ovr are declined like \(uv, not like oSow. In 
AeW the t is dropped in the Nom. Sing., and the vowel lengthened 
into «; but in the Dat. PL the a is lengthened into ov beforo i, 
as Aiov-ai, like oboist. 



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18 



THIRD DECLENSION. 



Exercise XI. 



2. tGi' yiyivrmv. 
01 iritrrot yepoirts. 



3. tois yipovm. 
6. tois dya&us 



A. — 1. tois oSovari, 
4. r<p ewai ap)(ovTi. 5 
ap)(Ov<ri. 

1. For the lions. 2. For Poeas. 3. Of the old-men. 4. good 
rulers. 5. Of the faithful rulers. 6. For the well-disposed old- 
men. 7. Of the strong teeth. 

B. — 1. ol rov Xtovroi ow^es turiv uryypoL 2. oi yiyavrii 
turiv Urxypoi. 3. ol n-oiSts turi <j>i\iot tois yipowriv. 4. ot 
ru>v Ktovriov oSovrts Itrxypoi turw. 5. oi tov ytpovros <^vXa/«s 
irurroi turiv. 6. apx<ov dyatfos eoT-ip ctWvs rots iroXtTcus. 7. 
dyatfol iroXtrat T<j> apxpvri tvvoi turiv. 8. 6 rov Ilouin-os irats 
■qv ^lAoKTijnjs. 9. oi iwrcs i70"ai> /xaKpai. 10. to <pdpp.axw 
hm \iovaiv curia Oavdrov. 

1. The claws and teeth of lions are strong. 2. Lions have strong 
teeth and claws. 3. The children of the giants are strong. 4. The 
children of Poeas were beautiful. 5. The old-men are friendly to 
the young-men. 6. The children of the old-man are friendly to the 
sophists. 7. The old-men are well-disposed to the rulers. 8. The 
teeth of the bride are beautiful. 9. The beginning of the night 
is beautiful. 10. The medicine is the cause of death to the old-men. 



4. Substantives of which the 


Stems end in the liquids X, p. 


Stem. 


aX, 


teild-beaet. 


pV°P> 


i«r™p. 


Engl. 


milt. 


orator. 


mother. 


Sing. 










Norn. 


6 o\-s 


6 dr/p 


o prjnip 


rjixrrrqp 


Gen. 


dX-os 


6r)p-oG 


pjjrop-os 


/o/rp-os 


Bat. 


dX-i 


6r)p-i 


prjrop-i 


p.rrTp-1 


Ace. 


JX-a 


Orjp-a 


prrrop-a 


fxrrrtp-a 


Yoc. 
Dual. 


dX-s 


6-qp 


prrrop 


W<P 










N.A.V. 


aX-e 


6rjp-f 


prjrop-t 


firrrtp-t 


G.B. 


dX-oJv 


Orjp-oiv 


prjrop-oiv 


p.rrrip-oiv 


Plur. 










N.r. 


dX-es 


6rjp-t<s 


p-qrop-d 


p.rrrtp-t<s 


Gen. 


dX-w 


0r)p-Sw 


pr/Top-mv 


p.rjrtp-mv 


Bat. 
Ace. 


dX-ot(v) 
dX-as 


Orjp-ffi^v) 
Orjp-as 


pTjTop-o'ify) 
pr/Top-as 


p.i/rpa-o-i(v) 
p.?/rep-as 



Note 1. — Stems ending in p do not add t to form the Norn. Sing., 
but the preceding vowel, if not already long, is lengthened in com- 
pensation: as frrrop, Nom. ^rap: ("rr«p> Norn, fi^rijp. 

2. — warty, father, n-tmip, mother, euyirqp, daughter, ri yamr\p, belly, 
drop e in Gen. and D.it. Sing, and end the Dat. PI. in «<n, also 
dropping «. 



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THIRD DECLENSION. 
V 



ia 



5. Substantives of which the Stems end in the nasal 



Stem. 
English. 


'EXXi)!', 

Greek. 


VryCpW, 

Jeader. 


8«X<Jhv, 

dolphin. 


Sing. N. V. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 


6'EXXijv 
"EAA.ip'-os 
"EXXtjv-i 
'EXXip-a 


6 rrytpuiv 
■frytfLOV-os 
rjytjiov-t 
rjytp.6v-a 


6 8eX<£is 
ocX^iv-os 
SeA^iv-i 


m&\.N.A.V. 
G.B. 


'EXXijy-e 
EXXiJv-oiv 


^yt/xov-oiv 


SeX^tv-t 
8eX$iV-oi»' 


Plur. N. V. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 


EXXjjv-cs 

*EAX^-(7i(v) 
"EXA^r-as 


rryt/wv-€s 

rrytpav-wv 

rrytp.6-<n(y) 


SeX^ii'-es 
SeX^iv-ajv 
SeXipT-o-^v) 

8cX<^tv-a9 



Note 1. — In the Dat. PI. the final v of the Stem is dropped before s. 

2. — Stems in v rarely add s to form the Nom. Sing., but the preceding 
vowel, if not already long, is lengthened in compensation. But a few 
stems in v add s, like SeK<pls : also 4 pis, note (Stem p\v). 

Eule 12. — The answer to the question when ? is put in 
the Genitive : as, va/xwvos al vvktcs puucpai tlaiv, in the 
winter the nights are long. 

Exercise XH. 

A. — 1. t£v 'EXXiji/w. 2. tois ■fyytfi.oa-t. 3. tow irarpdau 
4. oi ayaOol Xi/teVes. 5. al xaXal Ovyaripes. 6. Tats /caXais 
/opyxwri. 

1. Of the orator. 2. For the wild-beasts. 3. Of the daughters. 
4. beautiful mother. 5. Of the wise fathers. 6. For the friendly 
orators. 

B. — 1. at ruxv EXXjJvgh' do-mocs p.aKpo.1 170-av. 2. ■q \>-vfrt\p 
r/v <f>i\ia tq dvyarpL 3. 6 iraTr/p rjv <f>iXxoi Taw Ovyarpdaar. 
4. oi iroAmu %<rav <f>(X.ioi tois pijro/xriv. 5. oi Ofipt.% ifjav 
<f>o(iepol tois rjytfwviv. 6. 6 r/ytyLmv lariv twovs tow "EXXj^rtv. 
7. ij X^P 01 *««Xois Xt/xecas ?^ei. 8. xt'f"""' * °' 0>}p<s <f>of3tpol 
eunv. 9. j-wtos oi Orjpts <poj3cpo( curtv. 10. to tf>dpfi.aKW cart 
Oijpalv curia Oavarov. 

1. The children of the Greeks are beautiful. 2. The daughter 
of the beautiful mother is good. 3. The boy of the wise father is 
good. 4. The boys of the orator are well-disposed. 5. The Greeks 
are well-disposed to the leaders. 6. The Greeks were well-dispow d 
to the orators. 7. The island has a beautiful harbour. 8. The 
leader is friendly to the father of the boy. 9. The mother of the 
daughter is beautiful. 10. The medicine is the cause of death to 
the fathers and mothers. 
2 



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20 



THIRD DECLENSIOH. 



6. Substantives of which the Stems end in the soft vowels 

i and v. 





\ 






Stbm. 


iroXi, 


<n>, 


™W< 


Engl. 


city. 


pig- 


cubit. 


Sing. 








Nom. 


f) 7rdXl-S 


17 o-0-s 


6 m}x v * s 


Gen. 


irdXe-<i>s 


OT>-OS 


wi7x«-<»s 


Dot. 


(m-oke-t) irokti 


trv-t 


(htjX«-'0 W17X" 


Ace. 


iro\i-v 


<rv-v 


ht/x"-!' 


Voe. 


jrdXi 


0-0-9 


iri/X" 


Dual. 








N.A.V. 


ir6Xe-e 


oti-e 


ir^x«-« 


G.D. 


irokfroiv 


ov-our 


m/X«-oiv 


Plural. 








N. V. 


(7rdX«-«s) irdXeis 


<TV-K 


(mfoe-ts) m7X"s 


Gen. 


iro\t-<0V 


OV-&V 


m;x € " "' 


Bat. 


irdXc-o-i(v) 


o"v-o-i(v) 


ir^X t "° r '( , 'y 


Ace. 


(ird\£-as) wdXew 


cru-as or (rvs 


(7r^x<-as) m;x £ « 



Note. — Stems in 1 always change the 1 into e in the oblique cases. 
Stems in v usually preserve the v throughout, but in some words change 
it into s. The Gen. Sing, in us is called the Attic Gen. 

Kt/le 13. — The Dative indicates the means or instru- 
ment by which a thing is done, or the cause from which 
an action proceeds : as S.v6pmiro<s tfrvcra, 7roXm/coV, man (is) 
by nature (a creature) fitted-for-the-state. When thus used, 
it is called the Instrumental Dative, corresponding to the 
Ablative in Latin. 

Exercise XIII. 

A. — 1. Trji TTpdfcuK. 2. r&v ot<£o"«dv. 3. rots o-vo-i'. 
4. <£uo-«<i>s kcuc^s. 5. rots Kcucas irpa|e«. 6. <pvo-ei ayaBfi. 

1. The actions (nom.). 2. The factions (ace.). 3. By strength. 
4. Of the evil factions. 5. To the evil actions. 6. Of a good 
nature. 

B. — 1. fi jrdX« «?x«i irvpyaws. 2. ot t>}s irdXeus irupyot 7j<rav 
'urxypot. 3. fj wpa «x«i ot)s. 4. ot KpoKoSeiXot tyovcrw 6<p0aX- 
p.ovs <rvos. 5. Ava$ay6pa.'S <rwt<rei 8td<popos ijv. 6. Mtp.va>v 
avSpuq. K<xl owetrti Sidtpopos ty. 7. 17 ^povqaii tort tj/s <f^>XV^ 
ur\v^. 8. cnaurewv alria ioriv fj aoWa. 9. <£wcco<r kok^s 
0-qp.tiov io-Tiv 6 <j>66vo%. 10. 6 jroXtnjs dav/m^a Tots tov dScX- 
tpov irpaf as. 



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THIUD DECLENSION. 



21 



1. The citizens ndmire the towers of the city. 2. The factions of 
the city are fearfuL 3. By nature crocodiles have (the) eyes of a tow. 
4. Euripides was distinguished by intelligence. 5. Lions are dis- 
tinguished hy strength. 6. The disciples were distinguished by 
prudence. 7. Envy is the cause of factions. 8. The fear-of-God is 
the fountain of intelligence. 9. The fear-of-God is the cause of 
the action. 10. The mother admires the actions of the beautiful 
daughter. 

7. Substantives of which the Stems end in the Diph- 
thongs eu, av, ov. j 



Stem. 


Pao-iXcu, 


■ypav, 


Pov, 


Engl. 


king. 


old tcoman. 


ox or cow. 


Sing. 
Norn. 


6 /3aO"i\tv-s 


ij ypav-s 


b&fj y3ov-s 


Gen. 


y3ao"tAe-o)s 


ypa-os 


/?o-os 


Bat. 


(/3<MTjAe-l) /8<H7lA.« 


ypa-t 


po-i 


Ace. 


y8<M7lXc-d 


ypav-v 


fiov-v 


Voc. 


/3a<rt\tv 


ypav 


Pov 


Dual. 








N.A.V. 


ficurtXt-e 


ypa-e 


p6-t 


G.B. 


fSacrikiroiv 


ypa-ow 


j3o-oiv 


Plural. 








N.r. 


(fiao-iXe-ts) /3atriX.i)S 
or ficurtXtZi 


ypa-t? 


/?0-€S 


Gen. 


(3a<Tiki-<i)v 


ypa-(ov 


fio-iav 


Bat. 


/3ao~i\tv-o-t(y) 


y/oav-o"i(v) 


fiov-ari(v) 


Ace. 


fta<Tt\t-a$ 


■ypav-s 


/?OV-« 



Note 1. — These stems originally ended in the lost letter called 
Digamma (F) having the sound of v. See p. 1. It ia changed into v 
before a consonant, and dropped altogether between vowels. 

2.— The Ace. Sing, of stems in cv ends in ed. 

Eule 14. — When two Substantives refer to the same 
person or thing, they are put in the same case by Appo- 
sition : as, KS/oos, 6 tw IIcpow /WiAtvs, Cyras, the king of 
the Persians. 



Exercise XIV, 

2. TOCS /3cUTl\<VO~t. 

tois ■xptprroU 



3. rw ypcuav. 4. tSv 
'ovo-i. 6. Tovs ayaOovs 



A. — 1. 'Ato«i)s. 
ayaBusv yoviav. 5 
fiaaiXtas. 

1. Of Ulysses. 2. For the parent. 3. Achilles. 4. The 
wise parents (nam.). 5. The talkative old-women (ace.). 6. Of 
the wise kings. 



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22 



THIRD DECLENSION. 



B. — 1. ol avOpwtroi Oav/ijUjnxTt. Kvpov, rbv ruv Hep<rGn> 
pacriXia. 2. Auxovpyos, 6 ApiWros ircus, ^v fiatnkevs r'mv Mcuce- 
Sww. 3. oi /JturiAcis eirifiAKiuav t^oixri tuV iroAiiw. 4. KBpos 
wals ijv ayadSw yovitav. 5. TrfXijxaypi r/v 'OSuovc'os uios. 
6. ai ypacs Jj<rav iroXukoyou 7. Ilarpo/cXos <^>t\os rpi 'A^tAAeus. 
8. oi /Joes xprjirroL furiv ivOpunrois. 9. oi ran' irokemv fjacriAus 
ayaOoi tunv. 10. 'Arpeais ircu8c$ MtvtXaos (cat 'Ayafi.tij.vmv 
^o-av. 

L Cyrus was king of the Persians. 2. Cyrus, the king of the 
Persians, was distinguished by intelligence. 3. Patroclus, the 
friend of Achilles, was distinguished by bravery. 4. The Persians 
were well-disposed to the king. 5. The brothers were friendly to 
the talkative old-women. 6. The Greeks were useful to Cyrus, the 
king of the Persians. 7. Ulysses was father of Telemachus. 
8. Atreus was father of Menelaus and Agamemnon. 9. The king 
was well-disposed to the parents of the boy. 10. The king was 
a friend of Ulysses. 

8. Substantives of which the Stems end in o and o>. 



Stem. 
English. 


WR0O, 

persuasion. 


aero. 


Sing. 
Nom. 

Gen. 
Dat. 
Ace. 
Voe. 


ff TtuOia 

ireiOovt (irtiOo-oiy 
ttuOol (iraflo-i') 
ir€iOti> (rirajdo-a) 

TTflOol 


6 qp<i>-$ 

rjpto-os 
ripia-i ripta 
rjpw-a ypo> 
rjpu>-<; 


Plural. 

^po)-€S OT 

^p«>S 

r/pta-wv 
T)pw-cri(y) 

T/pW-aS 01 

iJp<0S 


Dual and Plural of stems in 
o are formed as in the second 
declension. 


Dual fjpo>-e 
rjpuy-oiv 



Exercise XV. 

A. — 1. Aip-oi. 2. rjpoie. 3. KjpoSs. 4. rmv koXSv fjpwov. 
5. rto ayaffta -rjpoii. 6. roi) ayai&ov Sfuoos. 

1. Leto (Latona). 2. The slave (ace.). 3. By persuasion. 
4. Of the faithful slaves. 5. Of the beautiful Clio. 6. For the 
beautiful Leto. 

B. — 1. o /JaoxXcus 6av[m£u t^v tu>v fjpminv aptrqv. 2. *Ajro\- 
Xtav Kal *Aprc/us rprav ircuSes Ar/roSs. 3. 6 tuV SfuoS>v fiCas 
Xwrqpos iorw. 4. oi yovcis aiSoiis a£ioi eurw. 5. 6 Tcupos <Q( a 



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THIED DECLENSION. 



23 



To rwv r/poxav oora. 6. ai Topyovcs 6vya.T€p€S Tprav "Jopicuos 
koI KjyroSs. 7. KAeiu *cot Eparu> MoStrai c«riv. 8. oi toro- 
pioypaipoi OavfjLa^ovai rr/v KX«u). 9. oi XvpiKol iroirjraZ 6av/xd- 
tfivai. ttjv 'EpaTco. 10. ot tw rjpdxav rdtpoi koAoi turiv. 

1. The heroes have golden crowns. 2. The citizens are well-dis- 
posed to the heroes. 3. Leto was the mother of Apollo and 
Artemis. 4. The life of the slave is painful. 5. The disciple 
was friendly to the slaves. 6. The father is worthy of reverence. 
7. Ceto was the mother of the Gorgons. 8. The Muse Clio 
admires the historians. 9. The Muse Erato admires the lyric poets. 
10. The children of the heroes are worthy of reverence. 

9. Substantives of which the Stems end in s. 



Stem. 
Engl. 


Ai]|icKrt)svts, 

Demosthenes. 


'HpaicXccs, 

Hercules. 


Tpmpes, 
trireme. 


Sing. 
Atom. 
Oen. 

Dat. 

Ace. 
Voc. 


6 AtjpocOevijs 
Ari/MxrSivovs (e-os) 

Ar)iiotr0€vet (e-») 

Anpoo-Givr) (*-a) 
ArjpooSfves 


6 'HpaKkrjs CHpaKX«'ijy) 
'HpaxXeov? (*Hpa- 

kX«V-oi) 
'Hpaitku ('HpaieX«-«, 

'HpaicXf'ei) 
'HpaxXca CHpa<cXe«-a) 
'HpaKkeis ('HpaxXcer) 


r) Tpir)pi)s 
rpir/povs (t-os) 

Tpiijpti (e-i) 

Tpit)pri (e-o) 
(rpirjpfs) 


Dual. 
N.A.V. 

a.D. 






rpiripri(c-f) 

Tpirjpoiv (c-oiv) 


Plur. 

N. V. 
Oen. 
Dat. 
Ace. 






rpir)ptis (e-es~) 
rpif)pav (c-av) 
Tpit)peci(y) 
rpirjpfts (e-nr) 



Note 1. — The Stem appears in the Vocativo. In the Nominative es 
is lengthened into qs. In the other cases the s disappears between 
two vowels. 

2. — In Substantives only proper names end in ijs ; but in Adjectives 
Vs is a common termination, -rpiJipris is properly an Adjective, vavs, 
ship, being understood. 

Exercise XVI. 

A. — 1. 'AoTvayous. 2. IlepucXct. 3. 2o<pOK\e'ovs. 4. o 
<T<xpbs HepiKAiJs. 5. rov evvovv HpcucXe'd. 

1. Hercules. 2. For Sophocles. 3. Of Pericles. 4. Of the 
fearful Hercules. 5. For the wise Sophocles. 



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THIRD DECLEKSION. 



B. — 1. tti tou 2o^>ok\covs rpaymZlai KaXcu dariv. 2. o! 
ttoXitcu. rr/v Uepinkiovs <ro<ptav Oav/ia^ovo-tv. 3. 'Ava£ayopas o 
<TO<pvcrTrp 8t8a<ricaXos ^v tov Htpucktoui. 4. ot Kanc.o'aipxivuav 
fia(rt\us 'HpoucXrous ocyovoi ^rav. 5. ij Mavoavi; 'Acrruayous 
^y dvyarrip, tov Mij&w /JatriAcois. 

1. The Muses admire the tragedies of Sophocles. 2. The young- 
men admire Mandane, daughter of Astyages. 3. The citizens 
were well-disposed to Pericles. 4. The poets were well-disposed to 
Sophocles. 6. The gods were friendly to the descendants of 
Hercules. 

£. Neuter Substantives. 

In Neuter Substantives the Nom., Ace, and Voc. Sing, 
are the same as the Stem so far as the laws of euphony 
allow. But no Greek word can end in any consonant but 
v, p and s (£, \f/). [The only exceptions to this rule are the 
negative owe or ofy, and the preposition «c, out of.] Hence 
in the Neuter, if the Stem ends in any other letter, it is 
either dropped in the Nom., Ace., and Voc. Sing., or is 
changed into some other letter. 



1. 


Stems ending in a consonant. 


J 


Stem. 
Engl. 


trayar, 

body. 


rtp&r, 

wonder. 


K«pfiT, 

horn. 


■yr.«, 

race, family. 


Smg. 
N. V. 
Gen. 
Dat. 
Ace. 


rb oS>pa 
o-atpar-os 
crapar-t 
<ra>pa 


t6 Hpat 

Ttp&T-OS 

ripar-i 
rcpas 


TO Ktpag 

Kipar-os Kepas 
Kipar-i Kipa 
Kcpas 

Ktpar-e Kipa 
K€p8T-OlV Kcp&v 


to yivos 

yivovs (yivt-os) 
yivci (yivt-t) 
yivos 


Dual. 

N. A. V. 

G.D. 


o-apar-e 
trtapoT'Oiv 


ripSr-e 
Ttpdr-ow 


yivti (yivt-() 
yevotv (y(vi-otv) 


Plural. 
N. V. 
Gen. 
Dat. 

Ace. 


<Ta>par-a 
ampar-av 
<ra>pa-<ri(v) 
(TtnpaT-a 


ripar-a 
repdr-au 
ripa-o~t(v) 
TepaT-a 


Kepar-a Ktpa 
K(par-av Ktpav 
Kipa-o-i(y) 
KtpuTa Ktpd 


yivjf (yive-a) 
yevav (ywi-wv) 
yive-at(y) 
yivn (yiv€~(i^ 



Note I. — Stems in -par are numerous and always drop the r in the 
Nom., Ace., and Voc. Sing:. 

2.— -yiiAo, yihaxT-os (Stem yaXater), milk, drops both k and t, be- 
cause no Greek word can end in either of these letters. 

3. — Some Nouns which drop the t of the Stem change the 
final vowel in the Nom., Ace., ami Voc. Sing. : as S6pv, Sipar-os (Stem 
oopar), tpear ; yivv, y6mT-os (Stem yo 5.r), knee. 



troS 



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THIRD DECLENSION. 



25 



4.— Kipas (Stem Kipfir), horn, frequently drops r in the other 
cases, and then contracts tlio a with the vowel of the case-ending : as 
Kfpar-os, Kipa-os, Ktpus. 

5. — Stems in -ts, which are numerous, change e into o in the Nom., 
Ace., and Voc. Sing., and drop the s in all the other aases, and then 
contract the c of the Stein with the vowel of the case-ending; as yivos, 
yivous (Stem ytvts). 



2. Stems ending in t and 


u. 

V 




Stem. 


oxrairt, 


Saxpv, 


i/rrv, 


Engl. 


mustard. 


tear. 


city. 


Sing. 








N. V. 


to civairi 


to idicpv 


TO 3<TTV 


Gen. 


oivcart-os or 


daKpv-os 


aoTf-oy or 




cnvaircios 




atrrt-as 


Dat. 


a-ivdnei (ownre-t) 


baKpv-i 


<*OT« («OTf-<) 


Ace. 


citron 


hoKOV 


atrrv 


Dual. 








N. A. V. 


caiiatt-t 


8a.Kpv-€ 


SoT(-t 


a. d. 


<rivair€-oiv 


Saxpi-oiv 


ao~Tc-oiv 


Plural. 








JV. V. 


civimt (trivdnt-a) 


huKpv-a 


Sort) (Sort-a) 


Gen. 


tnvemi-av 


SaKpv-av 


doT€-av 


Dat. 


trivdwc-oi(v) 


&aKpv-<ri{v) 


SoTf-0 , l(p) 


Ace. 


civairr) (wumt-a) 


Saxpv-a 


"urn) (Strre-a) 



Exercise XVII. 

A. — 1. rots yavaxru 2. to Sopara. 3. ydXaxru 4. to 
(UKpov ovs. 5. TO pcLKpov Sopv. 6. T<{» xpvvm Kcpa. 

1. The bodies (nom.). 2. The wonders (ace.). 3. Of the ears. 
4. Of the small spear. 5. Of troublesome old-age. 6. For the 
long knees. 

B. — 1. to ouj/xa koXov iariv. 2. tj tou ow/iotos kt^us /uicpd 
hrriv. 3. toI Trpdy/iara xaXeird iariv. 4. 6 Odvaxos i<m )(wpw- 
/ios TJJs ^>X^ S Ka ' T0 *' o"<«)/"»tos. 5. O ffais 0av/i.d£u toiis 
•yaAcucTOS KpaTrjpas. 6. Ta tou Orjpbs Srra fioKpd tOTiv. 7. 6 
^ytfjuav 6avftAZ,u to. SopaTa. 8. Ta tou (ca/iijXov -yoVaTa fuucpa 
cotiv. 9. TaTipaTaOavfjuuTTdiarar. 10. to yi/pas /3ibv x et A t *"*' 
«rnv. 

1. The bodies are beautiful. 2. Strength is usefu. to the bodies. 
3. The soul is useful to the body. 4. Prudence is useful to the 
affairs of the young-man. 5. The boy has a bowl of milk. 6. Old- 
age is troublesome. 7. Prudence is useful to old-age. 8. The 
spears of the leader are long. 9. The knees of the oxen are strong. 
10. The wild beasts have long ears. 



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26 



ADJECTIVES OF THE 



C. — I. ra yhrq. 2. KtjpSous. 3. t$ aor«. 4. xa\a <rca- 
/xaro. 5. xaKiS xepSa. 6. to irovypov Ktp&o<;. 

1. For mustard. 2. Of the city. 3. For the renown. 4. The 
wise words. 5. Of the long walls. 6. For the beautiful races. 

D. — 1. to rwv anrutv yevos xpr)<rr6v lariv avdpiinrov}. 2. ra. 
wovripa KepHhj f/hovas i\ei pu<pd<s. 3. cXms Kaxov K€p8ovs apyfj 
«rri fjlfuas. 4. to. /uaxpa Ta^i; ^f Itrxypa. 5. ojtXS tori Ta 
•rijs dXi^eias em/. 6. Ta K«jpa iarl rS>v /Jour oVXa. 7. oi 
iroXiTai Bav/mfftvcn ra rov f/ycpAvos «Xta.* 8. oi tou aoreos 
Trvpyoi xaXoi curtv. 9. oi mipyoi t£ dtrret koV/aos tto-tv. 10. Ta 
aan; TSi^i/ t^u. 

1. The pleasure of base gain is small. 2. The walls of the city 
are strong. 3. The long walls are useful to the city. 4. The race 
of oxen is useful to men. 5. The hope of base gain is the beginning 
of vice. 6. The historian admires the words of truth. 7. The 
words of the lyric poets are wise. 8. The city has long walls. 
9. The renown of the leader is useful to the citizens. 10. The horns 
of the oxen are strong. 

* Translate as singular. 



VIII.— ADJECTIVES OF THE THIRD 
DECLENSION. 

1. Adjectives of Three Terminations. 
1. Stems in v, and 2. Stems in avr. 
(1.) Stem (uXav, black. Nom. p.ikai, pi\awa, ptXav. 
(2.) Stem iravT, all, every. Nom. iras, irao-a, tray. 





Masc. 


Fem. 


Neut. 


Masc. 


Fem. 


Neut 


Sing. 














Nom. 


pekar 


pekaiva 


pekav 


war 


5ra<ra 


irav 


Oen. 


lUKavos 


pfkaivrjs 


ptkavos 


navrog 


jratnjr 


Travros 


Bat. 


pekavi 


peXalvji 


p(kavi 


travTt 


imayi 


iravri 


Ace. 


ptkava 


pekaivav 


pekav 


Ttavra 


vaaav 


irav 


Voc. 


ptkau 


pekaiva 


pekav 


7TUI 


araira 


nav 


Dual. 














N.A. V. 


ptkavt 


pekaiva 


pekave 


7ran-( 


rrdcrd 


irdvrt 


't.D. 


pekdvoiv 


pekalvaiv 


peXdvotv 


irtivroiv 


•naoaiv 


wavroiv 


Plur. 














N. V. 


pekaves 


pekaivai 


pekava 


iravres 


Ttdaai 


wdvra 


Oen. 


pekdvtov 


pekaivav 


ptkdvav 


itavrav 


7TOOW 


iravTov 


Dat. 


ptka<rt(u)pf\uivais 


p£\a<ri(y) 


7raa-t(y) 


natrait 


wa<ri(v) 


Ace. 


p(\avas 


pekaivas 


pekava 


iravras 


nacras 


iravra 



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THIRD DECLENSION. 



27 



3. Stems in err, and 4. Stems in ovr. 

(3.) Stem \apttvr, t^ 3 ^ n 9- Norn. \apU\M, yaplarca, yapier. 

(4.) Stem ckovt, willing. Nom. ckcw, Ikovo-o, Ikov. 





Masc. Fern. Neut. 


Masc. 


Fem. 


Neut. 


Sing. 










Nom. 


Xapias )(apU<T<ra \apUp 


CKWV 


tKovoa 


iKOV 


Gen. 


Xapievros \apu<royfs x a P UVT »t 


tKOVTOS 


fKOVOtjS 


tKOVTOS 


Bat. 


Xapitvri xapito-arj ^ap/ori 


CKOITt 


ticovo-g 


{k6vti 


Ace. 


Xapttvra x a P' e < TO ~ av X a P l(v 


CKOvra 


(Kovirap 


€k6v 


Voc. 


XapUv x a P ieo ~°~ a %apUv 


€K<oy 


ficovva 


eKOV 


Dual. 










N.A.V. 


XapifVTf xapicova x a P* tVTt 


ixSpre 


tKoxxra 


€kovti 


0. D. 


Xaptivroiv xapieWaiK xapuVroii' 


€KOVTOiV 


fKOV<TCUV 


(KOPTOIV 


Plur. 










N. V. 


XapUvrtt x a P'* trtrat X a P llvTa 


4k6vtcs 


tKov<rai 


fKovra 


Gen. 


XapiivTfop x a P lf < r < r ^»' x a P L * PTav 


(kovtov 


eKovcrav 


ixovrav 


Dat. 


Xapi€<rt(v) x a P l *' T<Tais X a pi e(Tl (j') 


(Kov<rt(p) 


cKov&ais 


*kovo-i(v) 


Ace. 


Xap\.(vras x a P uaa ' as X a P ievTa 


(Kovrat 


acovcrat 


(Kovra 



\J. UMJ1UB J.I1 \fc 

Stem <|Su, sweet. Nom. rfivs, iJScio, iySv. 








Masc. Fem. 


Neut. 




Sing. 








Nom. 


^8v« rjBda. 


^Sv 




Oen. 


1J060? tjouai 


ijSeos 




Lot. 


^Set (jj8e-i) ^8eiai 


ijSet (ijSe-i) 




Ace. 


ijSw ij8ciav 


^8v 




Voc. 


^8v ijSaa 


iy8v 




Dual. 








N. A. V. 


ijoee ijocia 


ijSee 




O.D. 


iJScoti' rjhtioLV 


^Seoiv 




Plur. 








JV. V. 


r/8as (ijSc-es) ^Seiai 


^8ta 




Oen. 


IjScW ^SctCdV 


^StW 




Bat. 


ijS«ri()') ^Sci'ats 


i;8«ri(v) 




Ace. 


^8eis (rjS(-wi) ljSeias 


^Sca 





Note. — The v of the Stem is changed into e in all cases (see p. 20) 
except the Nom., Ace., and Voc. Masc. and Neut. The Feminine is 
formed from the stem in e, and ia (the sign of the feminine) is con- 
tracted with c, eta. 

Eule 15. — The Dative case is used with the 3rd person 
of the verb " To be," to signify the possessor : as t<3 itoXmtj 
<pt'Xoi eurCv, the citizen has friends. 
2* 



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28 ADJECTIVES OF THE 

EXEECISE XVIII. 

piv .... hi contrast two words, or two sentences. They are 
always placed after the words which they contrast, unless the con- 
trasted words have an article. Me'v and hi in that case are placed 
after the article. MeV is not translated, bi is translated by but. 

A. — 1. 6 p,h> yStos fipaxys, ^ 6« Ti\vr) paicpd.* 2. yXvKfid 
eort irarpk. 3. ykvKtid iariv f) koKokiov tpannq. 4. rots oprv£iv 
iariv tj?>ua tjxovrj. 5. ra Kpia. rutv SrrfiHov r/Sia iariv. 6. tratra 
<f>vyy iari TaAaira. 7. to \<opiov rp> piXav. 8. o avOpunros 
f^€i fiiXava ipAria. 9. ^pa\(ia «ru ripij/is rjSovijs xa/djs. 
10. 'AtXos oipavov cvpiiv l^a. 

1. Life is sweet, but art difficult (use pAv .... 84). 2. Flatterers 
have a sweet voice (say [there] is to flatterers a sweet voice). 
3. The men are wretched. 4. The brides are wretched. 5. The 
garment of the man is black. 6. All the citizens are wretched. 
7. The place is broad. 8. The flight of the citizens was wretched. 

9. The bride has a sweet voice (say [there] is to the bride a sweet 
voice). 10. The garments of the queen are black. 

B. — 1. ovules Xtovrusv tloiv o£eis. 2. wavrts reeves turiv 
taou 3. Avmjs irdaifi Jarpos iariv o x/oovos. 4. traauv rSsv 
apnutv yyepAov iariv r/ ivaifiaa. 5. \apiev irpaypA iariv fj 
<piXoao<pta. 6. irdiTo TayaOa^ oxftiXifid. iariv. 7. vopos o 
trdvrw ficurtXevs. 8. 6ea>v ipya \apievrd iariv. 9. ra rov 
Aayu> l^yr/ rov p.iv xeiftawosj pjaxpd iari, rov Be 6ipau%\ {Ipa^ta. 

10. oi woAiTOt \u>pav rpa\aav t^aoaiv. 

1. The island is rough. 2. The place is rough. 3. Every sorrow 
is wretched. 4. The fear-of-God is the beginning of all the virtues. 
5. The bride is graceful. 6. The mother of the graceful daughter 
is beautiful. 7. All the brides are graceful. 8. The talons of the 
bird are sharp. 9. The garments of the bride are graceful. 10. The 
nights in the winter are long, but in the summer snort. (Pee Greek 
sentence above, No. 9.) 

• «<m is Jrequeutly omitted. f ri lyaSi, good things. J See Hule 13, p. l». j 

2. Adjectives of Two Terminations. 

1. Stems in «, and 2. Steins in ov. 

(1.) Stem dXnOw, true. Norn. dAij&js M. and F., SX-ifik 

Neut. 
(2.) Stem <raxf>pov, prudent. Nom. adxppwv M. and F., 

aSxppov Neut. 



\ 



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THIRD DECLENSION. 



29 



Maoc. and F.m. Neut. Mase. and H'l.in. Went. 


Sing. 

JSom. 

Oen. 

Dat. 

Ace. 

Voc. 


dXij&j'r aKr)8es 
aXt)6ovs (e-os) 
aXijOei (e-'i) 

a\r)8rj ((-a) a\rj6is 
a\r)6(g 


aoi(ppa>v aoxppor 
caxppovos 
o~a<ppoi>i 

aaxppova cS>(f>pov 
caeppov 


Dual. 

y.A. v. 

O.D. 


d\>)0uiv (e-otv) 


a-tixppove 

(TOKppoPOlV 


Plur. 
N. V. 
Oen. 
Dat. 

Ace. 


aKrjOeU (e-es) aKtjOtj (e-a) 

aXrjBwv (e-<ov) 

a\t]8ici(v) 
a\r)6ets ((-as) aXijtfi) (i-a) 


craxppoves croxppova 
aaxppovav 
am<ppoai(v) 

(rdxfipovas o~a>(ppova 



In the declension of Comparatives in mv (see p. 38) 
the following contractions take place : ova into <o, ana ova, 
ovas, into ovs: henco /x«£<«v (Stem imjoy), greater, is thus 
declined : 



Sing. 


Masc. ami Fem. Neut. 


N. V. 


peifav fiel^ov 


Gen. 


pet£ovos 


Dat. 


/uct£ovi 


Ace. 


fjidtpva /ttei^ov 




\pifi£oa] i*.u£m 


Dual. 




N. A. V. 


p.eitfivt 


0. D. 

Plural. 


p,ei£6vniv 




N. V. 


.vttZpvei fjLtltflva. 




[/mfoes] /nei£ovs [/mfoa] ^u 


Oen. 


pu£6vwv 


Bat. 


fulX,ocn(y) 


Ace. 


/iec£ovas f«i£ora 




[/xei£oas] /m'£ovs [/«i£oa"| /x£i'£o> 



3. Compound Stems in it, and 4. in v, as well as in 
other letters. 

(3.) Stem ttyapvr, graceful. Nom. eu^apts M. and F., 

ev^apt Neut. 

(4.) Stem 8nrnxw, of two cubit*, Nom. SiVij^vs M. and 
F., 8on/xvNeut. 



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30 



ADJECTIVES OF THE 



i Mosc. and Fern. Neut. 


Miisc. and Fern. Neut. 


Sing. 

Norn. 

Gen. 

Dat. 

Ace. 

Voe. 


evxapis €V)(upL 

€v\apa> cu^api 
(vx'f 1 


SiTnjxys &im)xv 
ourqxuv biirr)xu 


Dual. 

N.A.V. 

G.D. 


tv)(apiTOiv 


Siirrjx€€ 
8tm))(toi.v 


Plural. 

jr. r. 

Gen. 
Bat. 

Ace. 


ev\dpiTti ri^apiTa 

tfyapiTtov 

eix<ipi<ri(y) 
evxapiTas ti\dpiTa 


Siirifxci? (e-eis) Sarijxyfara) 
Stwrixfwv 

8wr^x £ls ( £_as ) oi"T?X r 7( £ ~ a ) 



Exercise XIX. 

A. — 1. ol Adyoi r/o-av aXrjOih. 2. ol av8pu>Troi i}o"av euffs- 
y3as. 3. ol jroAiTai ^o-ov cUre/Jeis. 4. to yijpas ao-0eves «mv. 
5. oi adxppovn cAcudepot eto-iv. 6. oi dxparcis avtXevOepol tl<riv. 
7. Tc3 v«{» koo/ios do"^a\ijs ^ o-UiHtij. 8. iraiSa'a rots /i«V 
£vrvx«o , t koo~/ios tori, Tots 8e Swrrvx* " 1 Kara/pvrfq. 9. 01 p.«V 
a-uxppovti tunv «vtvx«s> oi it weparw arw^tis. 10. ©tos ijSpvt- 
7TOIS auMppoai. vd/xos. 

1. The words of the king are true. 2. The fathers were pious. 
3. The sons were impious. 4. The fathers were pious, but the sons 
were impious (use pAv . . . Si). 5. The prudent (men) are free, but 
the intemperate not-free (use piv . . . Si). 6. Silence is a safe 
refuge for the young. 7. Golden crowns are an ornament to the 
fortunate. 8. The king is well-disposed to the unfortunate boy. 
9. The sons of prudent fathers are fortunate. 10. The children of 
the weak mother are unfortunate. 



-1. asppw/ tVrriv ij peyaXr/yopia. 2. aippovis tUnv oi p.eya.- 
u. 3. 6 Zevs KoAaonjs run' VTreptppovwv. 4. 6 /icv Sticaios 



B.- 

krfyopoi. 

evSaiptav, 6 Si aSucos a0Aios. 5. o-rvAos oucov iraiSts eio-iv 
apcrtvei. 6. 6 Xoyos tov IlepiKAovs adapts fy. 7. 6 Aoyos tov 
pjp-opos axopis fy- 8. to T&v %Kv6u>v Tof«v/iaro fy oarqxq. 
9. oi tov /iaWea>s Xoyoi Zjaav ij/evSus. 10. oi evycveis 5°"' av 

^Ivoi TOIS 8vaTV\i<7W> 



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TfllltD DECLENSION. 31 

1. The boastful (man) is senseless. 2. The intemperate (men) 
are senseless. 3. Zeus is the chastiser of the impious (men). 
4. The gods are the chastisers of the boastful (men). 5. Male 
children are an ornament of the house. 6. The male children 
are well-born. 7. The words of the orator were graceful. 8. The 
gift of the queen was not-graceful. 9. The bow of the young 
man was two-cubits-long. 10. The gods are propitious to the 
pious (men). 

3. Adjectives of One Termination. 

There is besides a large class of Adjectives of one ter- 
mination, because either their meaning or form excludes a 
neuter: as — 

apira$, rapacious, St. hpiray fuxKp6)(<up, long-lianded 

ipvyds, fugitive, Stem <f>vya8 irivrp, poor, Stem Trtv-qT 

ayvuis, unacquainted, Stem yvp.vrj';, light - armed, Stem 
ayvutr yv/xvrjT 

If the Neuter is used, it is the same as the Masc. in the 
singular ; but in the plural the Norn., Ace., and Yoc. end 
in a. 

Exercise XX. 

t« . . . km, both . . . and; t4 is placed after tho word, like que 
in Latin. 

1. IIXaTW o <^tXo<ro<^os irevrfi fy. 2. ol Ocoi iunv JX«j> Tots 
Trivtprw. 3. 6 rv>v opvt&uv <p0oyy6s ayvia^ itrnv. 4. ol Aeovres 
claw ap7rayes. 5. 5 Odvaroi airao~t koivos tort, irtvrjtri re #cat 
PaxriXewnv. 

1. The philosophers were poor. 2. The birds are rapacious. 
3. The voices of the men are unknown. 4. Death is common to 
all, both to the unknown and to the well-born. 6. The gods are 
propitious both to the pious and to the poor. 



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( 32 ) 



IX.-SOME IRREGULAR SUBSTANTIVES. 





Stem. 'Apes. 




Sing. 
Nom. 


y Apijs, the god Ares (Mars). 


Zcvs, the god Zeus (Jupiter). 


Gen. 


"Apcow, *Apeos 


Aids 


Dat. 


"Apei 


\d 


Ace. 


'Apip/, "Apq 


\la 


Voc. 


"Apes 


Zev 



Stem. 
Engl. 


dvtp, 

man. 


-yviauc, 

woman. 


hair. 


kXoS, 

key. 


k&c&kvov, 
dog. 


Sing. 

Nom. 

Qen. 

Dat. 

Ace. 

Voc. 


6 dyfjp 
dvSp6s 
dvbpi 
SvSpa 

Svep 


t) yvvq 
yvvaiK6s 
yvPfUKi 

yvvaiKa 

yvvai 


f, 6pLi 

Tpl\6i 

rptxi 
rpi x a 

6pl£ 


fj kK( is 
iekti86s 

Kktl&t 

(»cX€t8a) 

KkflV 

itXetr 


6&fj KVODP 
KVPOS 
KVVl 

Kvpa 

KVOV 


Dual. 

N. A. V. 

ft.D. 


SvSpe 
avftpoiv 


yvvcuKt 
yvvaiKoiv 


rpl x t 

Tpl\0-V 


icKtibe 
xXctSotv 


KVPf 
KVVOIV 


Plural. 
N. V. 

Gen. 
Dat. 

Ace. 


ipbpts 

avb'p&v 

auipairi(p) 

Svdpas 


yvvaiK.es 

yvvaiK&p 

yvvcu£i(p) 

yvvatxas 


rp.'x« 

TplX&V 

6pi$L(p) 
rpixas 


(ncXeider) 

KKfidatv 
KK*uri(v) 
((XfiSar 
(ieX«s) 


Kvvet 

KVPWP 
Kvo-i(p) 

Kvvas 



Second and Third Declensions Mixed. 
Stem, «to, vteu (yUF), son. 





Sing. 


Plur. 


Dual 
N. A. V. vlU 


Nom. 


O UIOS 


vtoi vleis (e-es) 


Qen. 


vlov vieos 


vuuv vieuv 


0. D. vitoiv 


Bat. 


vua vi«i(.e-l) 
« ? 

VLOV 


viois vieciQv) 




Ace. 


vlovs vieis (e-os) 




Voc. 


c / 

we 


vum vieis (e-es) 





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IBBEGULAR SUBSTANTIVES. 



33 



Stem. 
Engl. 


Xoo, 

stone. 


r 
luiprv, 

witness. 


vav, 
vaF, 

ship. 


hand. 


vSapr, 

water. 


Sing. 

Norn. 

Oen. 

Dat. 

Ace. 

Voc. 


6 Xas 
Xaoff 
Xat 
Xaav, Xav 

Xat 


6 paprvs 
paprvpos 
pAprvpi 
paprvpa 
pdprvs 


i) vavs 
veas 
vnt 
vaiiv 
vav 


7X*'P 

X«pa 
X fi P 


to vSap 
voarot 
u8art 
vSap 
vSap 


Dual. 
N.A.V. 
O.D. 


Xae 
Xaoiv 


paprvpt 
paprvpoiv 


vto'iv 


Xepolv 


voar* 
v8aro»» 


Plnr. 

N. V. 

Oen. 

Dat. 

Ace. 


Xats 
Xdav 
Xdfo , o , i(y) 
Xaeo~t 

Xaas 


paprvpa 
paprvpav 
pdpTvo-tfv) 

udprvpas 


vrj€t 
v(S>v 
vavai(v) 

vavs 


Xt'ipcs 
Xfipav 
X*p<ri(v) 

Xupas 


voara 

iiSarav 

iSao~i(y) 

viura 



Notes. — 1. irlip, man, rejects e of the Stem dvtp and inserts 8 in its 
place. 

2. yvrfi, woman, is only irregular in the Nom. All the other cases are 
formed from the Stem -yviaiK. 

3. 8pf{, hair. In the Nom. and Voc. Sing, and in the Dat PI. flfxtfOO. 
the aspirate of the Stem Tpi\ is transferred. 

4. K&uv, dog, is from the Stem icvov, which appears in Voc iciov. All 
the other cases are from the Stem kw. 

5. AS-f, stone, is contracted from Kaa-s, which is found in Homer. 

6. pdpTus, witness, is in the Nom. from the Stem (lopru : all tho 
other cases are from Stem |iaprvp. 

7. vavs, ship. The Nom., Ace., and Voc. Sing, and the Dat. PI. retain 
the v (originally f ) of the Stem. Before vowels the v (F) is dropped. 
In the Dat. Sing, and Nom. PI. a becomes 1), nj(f )-f, vv-ts : in the 
Gen. Sing. Dual and PL it is shortened into «, vt(F )-<is, vt-otv, vt-uv. 

8. x«V) hand. In the Gen. and Dat. Dual, and the Dat. PI. the 
Stem is shortened into %*P '■ hence x < P°"'> X ( P<'^ 

9. SSwp, water. The r of the Stem v&xpr is dropped in the Nom., Ace., 
and Voc. Sing., the a being lengthened into a. In other cases the p of 
the Stem is dropped : as SSar-os, &c. So also to fiirap, Gen. faur-os, 
liver, from Stem ifimpr, but in this word the o is not lengthened in I he 
Nom. In Maso. and Fern. Stems in pr, the r is dropped in the Num. 
Sing., but pt are retained in all the other oases : as y Sdpap, Gen. 
Sdfiapr-os, from Stem Sapopr. 

Exercise XXI. 

ov, ovk, olx, not. ovk is used before vowels, olx before an aspi- 
rate, oh before consonants. 

A. — 1. at ywau«5 tiO"i KotXat. 2. IotoC tlo~i ywaxKSiv epya. 
3. ywai£i (coo-ftos «mv -q oryij. 4. ywaucl irdxrg K00710S c'o-ru' 



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34 IBBEQULAR SUBSTANTIVES. 

fj <ny»J. 5. ol avSpcs turlv ayaOoL 6. ol $eoi eunv ZA.ea> Tots 
dVopaoxv. 7. Maias jcai Alos vlos 5 V 'Epyx^s. 8. 'Kpjxovia, tf 
Kd.o~p.ov yw»/, ^v Ovydrqp 'A<ppo&tTrp Koi "Apeos. 9. at 'A/to- 
£dves ywacKts ^crav av&puau 10. oi dya#oi aVopc? duav eucoVcs 
daiv. 

1. The daughter of the woman is beautiful. 2. The daughters 
of the women are beautiful. 3. Hercules was the son of Zeus, 
i. A good man is an image of God. 5. The citizens admire the 
prudent man. 6. Aphrodite and Ares admire Harmonia, the wife 
of Cadmus. 7. Ares is propitious to the Amazonian women. 
8. Silence is an ornament to prudent women. 9. Bravery is an 
ornament to every man. 10. The gods admire Hermes, the son of 
Maia and Zeus. 

B. — 1. ol jcvvcs tois avOpumovs oxpfXaa k<u tjSovtJ euro'. 
2. ai rS>v ixaprvpav paprvptax amoroi tlmv. 3. 6 irais *x«i Tt/y 
■rijs Kiarrp icktiv. 4. ol ytpowes oAtya; rpi^as e^ow-iv. 5. 6 
Aicucos ras tov 'AtSov kXcis <X £l * ®" Kaorejp icai IIoXv8ev/o;s 
rtov vtmv fTiarrjpes tjow. 7. ai vrjcs turiv avSprnv* kcvoL 8. 
p.a.Kpa.1 tS>v y3ao-iA«ov at \apa. 9. to vSa>p iorl t/ruxpov. 
10. to ti/s dXos vcWa oi« Ioti iroripa. 

1. The dogs of the man are beautiful. 2. The citizens admire 
the dogs of the leader. 3. Aphrodite is not friendly to dogs. 4. The 
sophists are not friendly to the witnesses. 5. The woman has the 
keys o&the chest. 6. The keys of the chest are golden. 7. The 
old- women have few hairs. 8. Virtue is an ornament to the hairs 
of an old-man. 9. The ships of the Greeks are black. 10. Castor 
and Pollux admire the ships of the Greeks. 

* Depends upon wot. 



Case-like Terminations. 

There are certain suffixes which in meaning very nearly 
resemble case-endings. 

1. -8 1, answering to the question where: SKKo-Ot, elsewhere; 

2. -6ev, „ to the question whence : ouco-6t v, from home; 

3. -8e, „ to the question whither : outa-oV, homewards ; 
or 'o-f, „ ,| » aWo-o-t, else-whither. 



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X.— SOME IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES. 

The following adjectives are irregular: /acyas, great; 
iroA.vs, much, and irpaos, gentle, the forms of each being 
derived from different Stems, viz., in /*cyas, from the Stems 
prya and pcyaXo ; in iroXvs, from woXw and -n-oXXo ; in n-paos, 

from irpao and irpaii. 



Smg. 


Masc. Fem. Neut. 


Maso. Fem. Neat. 


Horn. 


fUyas ptydXr) pAya 
peydXov ptydXrjs peydXov 


iroXiis iroXXy iroXv 


Oen. 


iroXXov 7roXXijy iroXXov 


Bat. 


peydXa pfydXr/ peydXa 


jroXXai iroXXjj jroXXcji 


Ace. 


piyav pcydXqv fieya 


iroXvv iroXXyv iroXv 


Voc. 


piya peydXr) piya 


iroXv iroXXq iroXv 


Dual. 






N.A.V. 


pcydXa peydXa ptyaka 


No Dual. 


a. d. 


peydXoiv peydXatv peydXoiv 




Plur. 






Nom. 


p.tydXoi peydXai pcydXa 
peydXav ptydXav peydXwv 


7roXXo( jroXXai iroXXd 


Oen. 


iroXXZv iroXX&v iroXX&v 


Dat. 


peydXois pcydXms ptyaXois 


iroXXols woXXaif iroXXois 


Ace. 


peydXovs peydXac fieydXa 


7roXXous 7roXXdr TroXXa 


Sing. 




Plural. 


Nom. 


irpqos irpa.ua irpav 


irpaoi, or npaeuu irpaia 
irpatis 


Oen. 


irpqov wpaeias irpqov 


irpaiav irpaeiwv irpaiav 


Dat. 


irpdtp itpaelq irpqa 


irpdois, Or npaeiais irpdois, or 
irpaio-t(y) irpaio-i(v) 


Ace. 


irpqov irpaeiav irpqov 


npdovs irpaflas irpaia 



Exercise XXII. 
The Preposition iv, in, governs the Dative case. 

1. ol ^8a<riAeis fieydXas irpo<ro8ovs l^owriv. 2. h> Aiyvimp 
iroXX^f uirov &<j>6ovia Jjv. 3. ■q 6dXaTTa ueydXrj iariv. 4. 
Kpoto~(j> r/v iroXiis irXovros. 5. rot fieydXa Slopa riji rvxt* ?x" 
<f>6f2ov. 6. iroXASv avOpunrmv lOtj icrfi irpaia. 7. ol itcuSk irpaus 
(irpaovs) iraripas Kal irpatuK pijripas e^otxrtv. 8. at ywaiKts 
irpauai euriv. 9. iv rfj Av&ia. woXvs uiv otvos «rrt, woAAa Sk 
o-uko, irokv Se eXaiov. 10. 6 iroraubs irh/jpys rjv l^Ovrnv (xeyaXwv 
Kal irpaiwv. 

1. To kings (there) are great revenues. 2. In the country (there) 
is great abundance of corn. 3. The countries are great, 4. To 



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36 



COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES. 



Croesus (there) was much wealth. 5. In Lydia (there) is great 
abundance of figs. 6. The rivers are full of great and tame fish 
(plural). 7. In the rivers (there) are great and tame fish (plural). 
8. The manners of the woman are gentle. 9. The country is full 
of many and great wild-beasts. 10. The boys admire the gentle 
fathers and gentle mothers. 



XI.— COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES. 

The Comparative and Superlative are formed in two 
"ways. 

I. — In Tcpos, totos. The first and most frequent ending 
of the Comparative is -rcpos, and of the Superlative -to.tos, 
with the usual Declension of Adjectives. These endings 
are affixed to the Stem of the Masculine, as : / 



Positive. 


Stem. 


Comparative. 


Superlative. 


Kowf>os, light 


KOwJx) 


KOV<f>6-T€pOS, 


Kov^d-raros, 






a, ov 


r), o 


crotJM'i, wise 


tnxjw 


<ro<pa>-repos 


<T<Xpia-TaTO$ 


yXv/cvs, sweet 
fxiXas, black 


■yXvioi 


y\.VKV-T€pOS 


yXvKu-Taros 


|uXav 


fieXdv-Ttpos 


/xtXav-Taros 


fuixap, blessed 


paicap 


paKap-rtpos 


HOLKIlp-TaTOS 


(radyrp, clear 


<ra+cs 


<TCL<t>tO , -T€pOS 


<ra<^«r-TaTos 


yapitvi, pleasing 


Xapuvr 


\apua--Ttpo9 
for 

(X<ipi*VT-T€/)Os) 


Xap«<r-TaTos 




r 





06s. 1. — The final o of the Positive is left unchanged in the 
Comparative and Superlative when the preceding syllable is long, 
but is usually lengthened into a in the Comparative and Superlative 
■when the preceding syllable is short. 

Obs. 2.— The following adjectives in aios drop the o before the 
Comparative and Superlative : 

Positive. Stem. Comparative. 

ycpcu6s, old 'ycpaio ytpai-iepos 

ra\<u6s, ancient iraXau) vaKat-repos 

Obs. 3. — Some Stems change o into at : as, 
Positive. Stem. Comparative. 

fietros, middle (uero luaal-rtpos 

fl<rvxos, quiet ^"X ti<rvxal-rfpos 

Tiros, equal Uro iaal-rtpos 

Note. — <pl\os, dear, has three different forms : QtAdrcpos, (piXdraras ; 
<pl\Tspos, <pi\raros ; QtXalrfpos, QiAalraros. 



Superlative. 
ytpai-raros 
ira\al-~aTos 



Superlative. 

JUtffal'-TOTOS 
1)<TVX&l-TaTOS 

iaal-iaros 



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COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES. 3? 

Obs. 4. — The terminations ta-rtpos, ta-rarot, are applied : 

1. To adjectives in av (Stem ov) : as, 

Positive. Stem. Comparative. Superlative. 

tr<i<j>pa>t>, prudent <ro>4>pov <ru<ppor-4orfpos aw<ppov-i<rraros 

2. To the adjectives aKparos, unmixed; ippapAvos, strong; 
Scrptvos, willing : as, 

Positive. Comparative. Superlative. 

&Kp&Tt>s, unmixed iicpocr-eorepos iMpar-iararos 

3. To some contracted adjectives in -oos, ~ovr : as, 

Positive. Comparative. Superlative. 

aw\6os, otAoOj, simple wrKoiaripos SnrKoioraros 

for for 

inrXo-foYfpos ofrXo-^crroTOi 

Obs. 5. — The terminations ur-rtpos, lo-raros, occur with XaXor, 
talkative ; jrra>xor > beggarly ; oifrtxpdyos, dainty ; pov<xpdyos, eating 
X&one ; and some adjectives in ijs, as tcXenn/r, t.ievish ; ^t vStjs, false. 
Positive. Comparative. Superlative. 

AclAos, talkative KaK-iartpo$ XaK-tararos 

Eole 16. — The Comparative governs tlio Genitive case : 
as, aoipta ttXovtov kt%ui TLfiuarepov forw, wisdom is a posses- 
sion more valuable than wealth. 

Exercise XXIII. 

A. — 1. 'ApurrtiSjp ^v SocatoraTos. 2. ol KwcXonres fiuuo- 
totoi fyrav. 3. KaXXuzs irXovo-iuraTos r)V 'A.6rn>aitav. 4. to 
yqpa'i ftapvrepov iarrw Atrv^s. 5. 6 Oavaros T<5 /2a0vra.Tu> 
rnrvio TrapaTrX^o-tos «rnv. 6. <pi\tas Sucauis kt^cis i<mv d<r<pa- 
XfOTdrtj. 7. rj fLt<r6ri)s iv irao"iv aur<pa\toripa i<rriv. 8. ol 
■yepovrcs axrOevicrrcpol tfiri t«uv v«dv. 9. oJ Kopouccs /AtXavTOTOt 
cwrtv. 10. 6 iran/p «m <ro«p<i>Ttpos tov 7rat8ds. 11. r/'A<ppo- 
mrn ijv )(api(frrd.Tn iraow tu>v 6tmv. 

1. God is wiser than men. 2. Wisdom is the most valuable 
possession. 3. The fear-of-God is a possession more valuable than 
wealth. 4. Old-age is very troublesome. 5. Moderation is the 
safest. 6. The women are very graceful. 7. The daughters are 
more graceful than the mothers. 8. The sons are richer than the 
fathers. 9. The fathers are weaker than the sons. 10. The birds 
are very black. 

B. — 1. t) AaKCocu/iovtW ot'atra tjv AirXovoraTij. 2. ol ytpai- 
Tcpoi eicrt o-otpwrepoi rwv v(w. 3. ol 'IvSol iraAairaroy iOvos 



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38 OOMPABISON OP ADJECTIVES. 

tltriv. 4. oi Sira/marucoi veaviax ippu>p.a>io~Ttpoi rj<rav rS» 
'K6yjvauM>. 5. iroXXoi iw ^(tXiSoviav turl XaAiortpoi. 6. oi 
SoGXot >j/tvSuTTaTOi Kal kktirrifrraroi ihrw. 7. oi eixrtfUoraToi 
tv8aip.ovto-ra.Toi wiv. 8. 2<oKpaTTjs iyKpaTtaraTOS r)V Kai 
(ra><f>pov{<rTa.TOS. 9. cv Tais aTu^iais oi avOputwoi <rm<f>povi<r- 
rtpoi iuru> r/ iv tois turv^uiis. 10. Kpirias ijv a/wra-yurraros. 

1. The mode-of-life of the Athenians was not very simple. 2. The 
most ancient nations are the wisest. 3. Uld women are very- 
loquacious. 4. The raven is very thievish. 5. The eldest are the 
wisest. 6. The Lacedaemonians were very strong. 7. The pious 
are happier than the impious. 8. In misfortunes women are more 
prudent than men. 9. The boys are stronger than the old-men. 
10. The philosopher was more moderate and more prudent than the 
young man. 

II. — In -Mov, -mttos. The second and less usual ending 
of the Comparative is -uov, and of the Superlative -iotos. 
These endings are affixed to the Stem of the Positive, and 
the final vowel is dropped. The Comparative is declined 
like /xtt£wv (see p. 29), and the Superlative like Adjectives 
in os, 7), ov. 

Positive. Stem. Comparative. Superlative. 

iJSus, pleasant ifiv ijS-iW ^8-toros 

Ta^us, swift *a\v Baxraosv Ta^-Krros 

or Odrmtv, ov (from ra\i-a>v) 

In the following the further suppression of p takes place : 
Positive. Stem. Comparative. Superlative. 

txOpos, hostile fyfpo i\6-imv, ov fyO-urro? 

abrxpos, disgraceful alcrxpo al(T\-uav, ov otop(-toTos 

ExEnciSE XXIV. 

oihiv (Nora. Ping. Neut.), nothing. 

1. o /SaOvTaros vjtvos rjSurros ioriv. 2. ov£>a> Oarrov «m 
T§s rjftr]?. 3. ovBlv aurxiov iari rfjs Kcocias. 4. ot otpus rots 

Xot7TOlS £(OOLS t^OlOTOl (UTIV. 5. ^SovX^S OvhtV IffTlV €)(6l.OV 
Kaxrj';. 

1. Nothing is more pleasant than a very deep sleep. 2. The 
horses are very swift. 3. The philosophers are most hostile to the 
sophists. 4. Nothing is more pleasant than wisdom. 5, Nothing 
is more hostile than bad advice. 



A 



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COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES. 



39 



HI. Irregular Comparison. 





Positive. 


Comparative. 


Superlative. 


<J 


ayaOos, good 


ap.ti.viav 


dptOTOS 






jStATMOV 


/JeXriOTOS 






Kpu<rO~blV Or KptlTTiOV 


Kparioros 






Xwuiv 


Xo)OTOS 


\f 


koucos, bad 


KOUCUdV 


. KOKIOTOS 






rj<r<r<i>v or j^rra)? (inferior) 


X«piOTOS 
ijKlOTOS 




koXos, beautiful 


koXXudv 


koXXmttos 




/xaxpds, long 


J p-axporcpos 


jp.aKp6ra.TOS 
(p.i;iao-Tos 






J 


fityas, great 


p.ci£wv (for /tey-Mtfv) 


/xeyurros 




fiiicpos, little 


fUKportpos or /x«W 


pA.Kp6ra.TOS 




oAiyos, little 


^o-o-on/ 


oXiyioros 




few 


eXdoxraij' 


tXa^icTOS 


<l 


iroXvs, much 


TrXetW or irXtw 


irXeurros 




■jreirmv, ripe 


irtTraiTtpos 


irtiroiraTOS 




ttuov, fat 


mdrepos 


irioraTos 




pa&tos, easy 


paW 


pharos 




dXy«vos, painful 


dXyiW 


aXytoros 



Exercise XXV. 

1. Tais ywai^if ^ ffaxppwrvvri KaXXum) aptrf/ i<mv. 2. ovk 
cart KT^/xa koXXcov tptkov. 3. ^ SoiAet'a t^ eX«j0tpa> akyurrq 
ioriv. 4. 17 y^ iXarnav «m tou ^Xtov. 5. oXiytoroi &v6punroi 
tv8a.Lp.ovis tunv. 6. avap\Cas p.ti£ov owe tarn xaxdV. 7. ip.<pv- 
tos lore roU avOpunrois tj tov wXaovos liri.Ovp.ia. 8. ij operas 
(CT^o-is irXovrov KpeiTTiov ixrriv, 9. irXtoi/t&'a fieyiorov av6pm- 
irois kokoV.* 10. ^ <j!itAia p.tyunov ayaOov* Kal ijSurrov avOpia- 
irois «rrik 

1. Nothing is worse than avarice. 2. Nothing is a greater good 
to men than friendship. 3. The daughter is more beautiful than 
the mother. 4. To a free man nothing is more painful than slavery. 
5. The island is very small. 6. Most men are well-disposed to the 
poor. 7. Anarchy is a very great evil. 8. The best-men are few. 
9. Nothing is better to men than friendship. 10. The fear-of-God 
is a better possession than wealth. 

* Used as Substantives evil and good. 



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40 COMPARISON OP ADJECTIVES. 

Exercise XXVI. 

Mixed Examples. 

1. io-OXmv Kcucibus ivwf cvrvxeortpou 2. apiurov dyOpiSnrio 
n eyKpareia i<mv. 3. Ktupos «m tuv vo/xmv Kptirrw. 4. irXoC- 
tos irAewmji' Swa/iiv ira<nv i\€t. 5. o-oxppoovvr} hutprqpa <caA- 
Awttw 0«iv low. 6. bfwvoia pJyurrov ayaGov reus 7roX«o-iv 
low. 7. i? aperi; ijSiW Kal urxyporipa rip kokios. 8. ^ 
ucyiVrw ru>v tv dvopunrois voaw iraow temv dvaiS«a. 9. iraV- 
tiov KrqfuaTuiv KpaxurTOV am <pl\o<s <ra<prp /cat aya$6s. 10. 
Kpm'as Kkem-iOTaTos rt (tai /JiaioraTOS Kal (poviKurraTos r)v. 
11. 'AXKi)3ia8i;s ducpaTtoTards Te Kal v/Jpiororaros (cat /Juxio- 

TCITOS ^v. 

1. The good are happier than the bad. 2. The fear-of-God is the 
best of all possessions. 3. Nothing is better for a man than self- 
control. 4. Nothing is a greater good to citizens than harmony. 
5. Critias was more thievish, and more violent, and more bloody 
than the other citizens. 6. Alcibiades was more intemperate, and 
more insolent, and more violent than the other citizens. 7. The 
island has better citizens. 8. Self-control is the most beautiful 
gift of the gods. 9. In the island the women are better than the 
men. 10. In the country the men are worse than the women. 

Formation op Adverbs. 

Adverbs may bo formed from Adjectives by changing 
the last syllable of the Genitive Singular into -<os. 





Gen. 


Adv. 


crotp6s, wise 


cro<pov 


0"0<^><flS 


a-iixppmv, sober 


(ru*f>povo<s 


O-ClXp/odfCdS 


ttfLwrjs, kindly 


ti/xevovi 


cu/xcvSs 


tox^s, swift 


Ta^cos 


Ta^tO* 



Comparison of Adverbs. 

For the Comparative degree the Neuter Singular of tb .. 
Comparative Adjective is used, and for the Superlative the 
Neuter Plural of the Superlative Adjective : as, 
(to<]>Sk, wisely o-cxptartpov atxpotrara 

croxppovws, soberly a-uxppovioTtpov craxftpovearaTa 
tvp.tvSK, Mndlily cvp.tvianpov tvp.evio~Ta.Ta 

Taboos, swiftly Oatraov ra^urra. 



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( 41 ) 

XII— THE NUMEKALS. 

The Cardinal, Ordinal, and Adverbial Numerals, with 
their value and signs, are : — 



1 


ft 


(Is, pia, iv, one 


6 irp&ros, the first 


aira£, once 


2 


ft 


bio 


itvrepos 


8is 


3 


7 


rptis, rpla 
Mtnr&ptt, rtV-1 


TptTOS 


rpis 


4 


V 


larapa, or «'tto-> 
[pes, rerrapa J 


rtraoros 


TtTpOKlS 


5 


(' 


irivre 


irip,irros 


WtVTOKlS 


6 


6' 


« , 


euros 


c£d*tf 


7 


r 


iirra 


ffiSopos 


iirraKis 


8 


n. 


OKTU> 


SyDoos 


OKT&KIS 


9 





iwia 


tvaros (twaros) 


ivwas (fvvaKis) 


10 


i 

i 


Sena 


htKoros 


&€KOKlS 


11 




ivSexa 


IvfttKOTOS 


(vUfKOKlS 


12 


tf 


SmStKa 


8(o&(Karos 


SmdeKCLKis 


13 




rpia-Kaldaca 


TpiiTKaihiKWros 




14 


iX 


\T«r<rap«rKaL8tKa) 
IreaaapaKaidtKa J 


TfiraapaKaib'f kotos 




15 


•«' 


mvTticaidtKa 


wevTeKM&iKarog 




16 


* 


(KKalSeica 


€KKaib(KOTOS 




17 


tC 


4irraKai&fKa 


inraKaiifKaros 




18 


«f 


OKTaxaiSfKa 


OKTaKaiBiKaros 




19 


iff 


iwtaicaio'aca 


e'nxaKaiSt kotos 




20 


* 

K 


tiKO<ri(i>y 


UKOOTOS 


(Ikoo-okis 


30 


V 


rpidKovra 


TpiaKovr6s 


rpiOKOvraKis 


40 


1*. 


Tto~o~apaKovra 


T(o-o-apaKoo~ros 


TfO-aapOKOVTIXKlS 


50 


V 


irevTT)Kovra 


7revrt)Koo-r6s 


frevTJjKovraKis 


60 


£ 


i£r)KOVTa 


l£t)Koar6s 


i£t)KovraKts 


70 





f^Sofi^KOvra 


f^Sopr)Koo-r6s 


ifiSopriKovriiKis 


80 


It 


oySofjKovra 


dySoi) (coords 


oyhojjKOvraKis 


90 


c 


fvevr/KOVTa 


ivtvr\KooTos 


flHPTJKOVTaKlS 


100 


p 


tKorov 


(KOTOOTOS 


(KOTOVTaKlS 


200 


1 

<r 


diwcocnot, at, a 


SiaKoo-iooros 


bi.aKuai.aKis 


300 


T 


TputKoo-ioi, at, a 


TpiaKoo-waros 




400 


V 


TfrpaKocrwt, at, a 


TfrpaKoo-ioordr 




500 


V 
\ 


ircirraKu&wi, at, a 


irevraKoaiooTos 




600 


E^axda'tat, at, a 


i^aKoviooros 




700 


tirr&Kocnoi, at, a 


eirraKOo-iooTos 




800 


a 


oxraicoVtot, at, a 


OKTUKOatOOTOS 




900 


2> 


1 ivaKocrioi, at, a 
(ewaKoVtot, at, a 


fnlKOO-lOCTTOS 








(WaKOO'lOOTOS 




1000 


fl 


XtXtot, at, a 


^iXtocrrdi 


\CKiaKts 


2000 


fi 


fiicr^i'Xiot, at, a 


Sto-xtXtocrrdy 




3000 


.7 


Tpio~\CKu>i, at, a 


TptcxtXtooTcfs 




10000 


JL 


pvpioi, at, a 


pvptooros 


fivpiaKis 



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42 



NUMEKALS. 



The Cardinal Numbers 1 to 4 


are thus declined : — 




One. 




Two. 




M. F. 


N. 




Norn. 


eh Witt 


Iv 


N. A. hvo 


Gen. 


ivoi puts 


€VOS 


G. D. Bvoiv 


Dot. 


cw (Wf. 


M 




Ace. 


cva ptay 








Tftree 




Four. 




M.F. 


N. 


M. F. N. 


Nom. 


rpas 


rpia 


Tto-o-apts, T«ro-apa 
or Tcrrapes, &c. 


Qen. 


TptWV 




Tto-o-apaw 


Dot. 


Tp«ri(v) 




T«rtrap<rt(v) 


Ace. 


TpeiS 


rpia 


rio-aapas ri&trapa 



ovScis, ovScuia, ov8cc, and pijStis, pr/HtpJa, fi-qhiv, no one, are 
declined like sis. ap.<pa>, 6o<A (Lat. ambo), has Gen. and Dat. 

dp.<£otv. 

The Cardinal Numerals 5 to 199 are indeclinable. 

The Cardinal Numerals from 200 are, like the Ordinal, 
regular Adjectives of three terminations : Swkoo-mh, ac, a, 
<wo hundred. 

Exercise XXVII. 

A. — 1. eU Tuli' Kpiiwos <p(\iu>v *Apx«8i7ttos ^v. 2. ~%cp£kq 
p^ta ^v tSv KaSpov dvyaripmv. 3. OvrftSw ovBa<i iariv cuoatpxav 
avrjp. 4. eio-lv 'A&yeaiW Se/ca <pv\au. 5. T<ov «rra awpfiraTos 
fy %6Xuiv. 6. Aavaos ^i> iroTijKOiTa Ovyartprnv iraTqp. 7. 6 
"Eitppdrrp 7roTopos tern to tvpos Terrdpiav araSuov. 8. to 
oraSiov c^€i irtvre Kai tiKocri koi txarov ySj/para ^ irare Kal 
cikoo-c Kai. e£a.Koaiov<s iroSas. 9. rov Sapov, KtAiKias irorapov, 
to evpos ijv Tpiia irkidpa. 10. to irXWpov l^tt Terrapas tat 
«KaTOV TroSas. 

1. Euripides was one of the friends of Socrates. 2. The bride 
is one of the daughters of the philosopher. 3. The citizen was 
the father of three daughters. 4. The four daughters were very 
beautiful. 5. The river is the breadth of 300. feet. 6. The mea- 
sure (rb pirpov) has 200 stadia. 7. The measure has 533 feet. 
8. (There) were 5000 men. 9. (There) were 4425 men. 10. The 
measure has 10,000 feet. 

B. — 1. fjo~ov t^aKio-^tXtot mtjtos Kai ScaKoo-ta app-aTa. 2. 6 
irapocrayyr/s, Utptrumv p.erpov, i\ti rpiaKovra o-rdSia t\ Ttwrtf 



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PBONOUNS. 



43 



Kovra koI hrraKoaiaui koI oKTcucio-YiAtbvs /cat pvpiovs iroSas. 3. 
dpt.6p.bi T§s 080C ^f a-raOpol SiaKotrioi 7TEVTCKaiO<Ka, irapatrayytu 
\l\ioi &cot6v irmrJicovTa ttotc, orctSio rpurpvpia 7tTpaKUT)(lXta 
e^axotrta ironJicoj'Ta. 4. tov OTpaTCv/taros i/v apiO/ios oirAtrai 
(ivpiot Kal rerpaxoo-iot. 5. tS>v «rra vijow, SuceAia &tti 
/xeyionj, Stvrepa Sapoal, Tpm; Kvpvos, TerdpTt] YLpnjrq, irquimj 
Ev/fota, ?KD7 Kwrpos, A«r/fos oc to&v if3bop.r]v e\tu 

1. (There) were 7000 horsemen and 300 chariots. 2. (There) 
were 10,000 horsemen and 500 chariots. 3. The extent (say 
number) of the way was 115 stages, 623 parasangs, 18,600 stadia. 
4. The number of the army was 9939 heavy-armed-men. 5. Of 
the seven islands Sardinia holds the second rank. 



XIII.— THE PKONOUNS. 
1. Personal Pronouns. 





First Person. 


Second Person. 

thOU. y/ 


Third Person. 
himself, herself. 


Stem. 


4|M,|U.» 


ore. 


i (Lat. «e). 


Sing. 
Nom. 
Gen. 
Bat. 

Ace. 


> / 

ey(i> 

e/xov, juov 
lpx>L, pot 
t/xe, pi 


crv 

o-ou 

o-oi 


ov 
ol 
1 


Stem. 


vw. 


<r$u. 


*r^o>. 


Daal. 

N.A. 

G.B. 


(vail) vd 
(yu>iv) v$v 


(crcpfit) o*cpu> 


(ertpoje) 
(o"<pa>ii') 


Stem. 


%"• 


tip* 


o-o^«. 


Plural. 

Nom. 

Gen. 

Bat. 

Ace. 


■qpmv 

c « 


vp.e« 

V/X.IV 


o-<ptis N. o-cpea 

ercpaV 

o-<pt-o-t(v) 

o-<pas N. ccpea 



Note. — Third Personal Pronoun. There is no separate form for the 
Third Personal Pronoun in Greek. airr6s in the oblique cases, him, &c, 
is used as a Personal Pronoun referring to some person or thing men- 
tioned before ; like the Lat. is, ea, id. See p. 47. 

Instead of the Reflexive Pronoun i, himself, <&c, which is rarely used 
in Greek, the compound form with airris, given in the next section, is 
usually employed. 

* The Nom. Sing, of the First Personal Pronoun has a different stem from the 
oblique coses, as In Latin. 

3 



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44 



PRONOUNS. 



2. The Reflexive Pronouns. 

Tho Stems of the Personal Pronouns, combined with 
avrds, self, produce the Reflexive Pronouns. 





Singular. 




Plural. 




Masc. Fern. 


Masc. Fern. 


Gen. 


i/xavrov fp, of myself. 


^/x£v 


avru>v, of ourselves. 


Bat. 


ifiavrm jj 


^/UV 


avrots ais 


Ace. 


(fMVTOV TjV 

crtavrov, i}s, of thyself . 


17/ias 


avrovs as 


Gen. 


lyXUV 


airwv of yourselves. 




or ouvrov rp 






Bat. 


o-eavTaS, j; 
or <ravT<3 n 


U/llV 


avTois als 


Ace. 


crtavTov, -qv 
or (Tavrov 17V 


C m 

Vfias 


avTOvs as 




Maso. Fern. Neut. 


Masc. Fem. Neut. 


Gen. 


iavTOv, i)s of himself, 
or avroB iys herself, 


(T<^a>c 


avra>v, of themselves. 


Bat. 


eqvrii) y itself. 


<T<f>l<TlV avTOK ais 




or aur<3 n 






Ace. 


tOUTOV, )JV O 


cr<£as 


avrovs as <r<£ea 




or avroV ijv o 




aSra 



Note. — tavrov has more usually in the plural the following 
forms instead of o-<f>S>v airwv, &c. : 
Gen. tavrov or avrav. 
Dai. tavrois, a"is, or avrois, ais. 
Ace. iav.ovs, as, a, or avrovs, as, a. 



3. The Reciprocal Pronoun. 

The Stem iXXo, another, combined with itself, produces 
the Reciprocal Pronouns dXX-qXo (for dXX-aXXo). 



Dual. 
G.B. 

Ace. 


Masc. 


Fem. 


Neut. 


dAA^Xoic, one another. 
aXS.tjX.ia 


aXXrjXaxv 
aXXrjXa 


aXX-qXow 
aXXrjXa) 


Plural. 
Gen. 
Bat. 
Ace. 


aXXrjXwv 
aXXrjXoK 
dXX^Xovs 


aXXrjXwv 
aXXrjXais 
dAAjjXas 


aXXtjXxav 
aXXrjXois 
aXXtjXa 



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PKONODNS. . 45 

Exercise XXVIII. 

1. o itotijp fuoi $iA.t<itos eariv. 2. 6 irais ippiapxviortpos 
€ori aw. 3. vwv i}y Kan}) votroi. 4. oi iroXIrai OavpA^ovoiv 
i'/ias. 5. oi axpaTeis eourots owe mtpikip.oi eunv. 6. ovr* e/iol 
iraTpls ovr o?kos iariv. 7. 6 'Hpa/cAijs r;p,epos ijp tois cavroS 
iroXqutois. 8. inrvos iroXvs ovtc tois <yu>pxuriv ovre t«hs i/ru^ats 
vua»' (S^eAiuos «rni'. 9. oi irotrnpol cUAnXoi9 btOpol euriv. 
10. ot ftot tuny iAca> i)/uv. 

1. The daughter is very dear to us. 2. The boy is very dear to 
you. 3. The giant is stronger than we-two. 4. Neither to me nor 
to you is (there) a native-land. 5. To us (there) is not a home. 
6. The intemperate are enemies to one another. 7. To both-of-you - 
(there) was a very bad illness. 8. To both-of-us (there) was 
a very faithful friend. 9. The slave is useful both to me and to 
thee. 10. The slaves are useful both to us and to you. 



4. The Possessive Pronouns. 

The Possessive Pronouns are formed from the Stems of 
the Personal Pronouns. 

St. tfu, «/xos, my, mine St. fyu, iJ/Aertpos, our 

„ vt, o-os, thy, thine „ 4|«, fi/xercpos, your 

„ h os, his own „ o-fa o-^crcpos, their own 

Instead of oi and o-^e'repos, the Attio writers use lavrov 
and lavrw. 

Rule 17. — The possessive pronouns are only used when 
they are emphatic. When they are not emphatic, their 
place is supplied by the article, as ^ /"Jnyp Oav/jui&i tjjv 
dvyarcpa, the mother admires her daughter. 



Exercise XXIX. 

1. o l(WS irarijp dyatfds tort!'. 2. fi ipi) p.rfrqp ayaOrj ioriv. 
3. of tip-inpoi iraTCpes ayaOoi tvtnv. 4. 6 o-os Jrous orrov&uos 
eortv. 5. ol v/xercpoi traffics oirovSciioC tlcrw. 6. 6 p.iv *p.os 
irats OTroiiSoios iarw, 6 ot cos pLtOnpjav. 7. 6 irariip OixvpA^a 
rbv cnrov8diov wouSo. 8. ij p-rJTqp Oavp.a£u rijv KaXrpr 6vyaripa. 
9. 6 TTOLTrjp <9aup.a£ei rbv iavrov vlov. 10. ol irarepcs davp.a£av(ri 
toiij Iwjw viovs. 



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46 



FBONOTJHS. 



J 1. My boy is beautiful. 2. My daughter is beautiful. 3. Our 
boys are beautiful. 4. Our daughters are beautiful. 5. Thy father 
is good. 6. Your fathers are good. 7. Our boys are diligent, I ut 
yours (boys} are idle. 8. The fathers admire their diligent boys. 
9. The mothers admire their beautiful daughters. 10. The mothers 
admire tlieir own daughters. 



5. Thk Demonstrative Pronouns. 

58c, rJSe, t<S8c fa (near me) Lat . Wc . 

ovros, aim/, tovto ) v ' 

ckcivos, €K(cvr], ixtivo, that (yonder), Lat. t'Jfc. 





Masc. 


Fem. 


Neut. 


Masc. 


Fem. 


Neut 


Sing. 




/ 






J 




Norn. 


o8e 


178c 


toSs 


OVTOS 


avrif 


TOVTO 


Gen. 


rovSe 


r^crSe 


tov8« 


tovtov 


tovtijs 


tovtov 


Dat. 


t£8« 
tov8« 


Tj}8e 


tw8c 


tovtoi 


ravrj; 


Tovnp 


Ace. 
Dual. 


ttJvSc 


to8« 


TOOTW 


ravTrrv 


TOVTO 














2V.A 


rwSe 


roSe 


rtoSe 


Tovmt 


ravra 


TOVT1) 


G.D. 


roii'Se 


rau'Se 


Tou'Se 


TOVTOIV 


Tavrao' 


Tvvrout 


Plur. 














Nom. 


oZS* 


atSc 


t<£8« 


OVTOL 


avrat. 


raSra 


Gen. 


TWO* 


Tw8e 


Tu>f8e 


TOVTUW 


toxttoxv 


TOVTIOV 


Dat. 


Toio-Se 


Tai<r8e 


TOlO'St 


TOVTOIS 


rairraw 


tovtois 


Ace. 


tovot5e 


rdcSe 


TaSc 


TOVTOVS 


TuvVas 


Tavro 



Like oJrot are declined : — 



TOaOVTOS 
T040VTOV 



rowovn/ Tocovro or roaovrov, so great (Jtantus) 
.uw». u > Toiavn) Toioiro or toiovtov, such (talis) 
njXiKoSros rqXiKavn) njXucovro or tijXmcovtoi', SO old. 
ixtivos, e/cctVij, ckcTvo, is declined like auros (p. 47). 



Exercise XXX. 

Observe the position of the pronoun. 

1. 6 avr/p ovros or ovros 6 apijp dya#ds terra". 2. tj yvd/af 
avrq or avrij f) yvm/xri Sixaia earw. 3. 17 yvvij ijoe OT iJ8e ff 
ywtf KaXt) itrnv. 4. 6 ayrjp ckcivos or fKeivos 6 an^o ySaciAevs 
eoriv. 5. ravra ra /5o8a KaAa corty or tci /5o8a Tovra KaXa «rra'. 

1. These men are good. 2. Those opinions are just. 3. These 
women are beautiful 4. Those men are kings. 5. This rose is 
beautiful. 



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PRONOUNS. 



47 



6. The Deteeminatxve Pronouns. 

avros, self; 6 avros, the same. 
In 6 avros crasis takes place wherever two vowels clash. 





Maso. 


Fem. 


Neut. 


Maac. 


Fem. 


Neut. 


Sing. 
Nom. 


airos 


avrq 


axira 


(6 avror 
\avrds 


\f) aVTTj 
(UVTI} 


(to avro 
< ravrd or 
(raurdV 


Gen. 


aurov 


avrijs 


avrov 


irov avrov 
(ravTOU 


rrjs avrijs 


irov avrov 
(ravrov 


Bat. 


avrq 


aiiTrj 


avr$ 


(ravrj) 


{r^avrg 
(ravrj? 


Jr£ avra 
Jraur$ 
fro aird 


Ace. 


avrdv 


curri}* 


avT» 


rbv avrav 


Ti)v avnjv 


< ravrd or 
^ravrdV 


Dual. 

N.A. 


avra 


aura 


avra 


\ra avrti 
|ravr<& 


Jra aura 
(ravrd 


jroi avra 
J ravrd) 


o.d. 


airroiv 


avraiv avroiv 


toiv avrcmi 


rati* avraiv 


rotv avroiK 


Flux. 














Nom. 


avroi 


avra/ 


> * 
aura 


jot avroi 
\avroi 


iai airral 
(avrat 


jra avra 
{ravrd. 


Gen. 


avrav 


avrav 


atrcov 


rav avrav 


tojk avrav 


rav avrav 


Dot. 


avrots 


avruis 


avrois 


rots avroic 


rats avrats 


rots avrots 


Ace. 


avrous avras 


avra 


rois avrovs 


ras airat 


Jra avra 
(ravra 



Notice the three meanings of avros : 

1. It means self, not immediately preceded by the article, 
when it agrees with a noun or pronoun: as, 6 /Jao-iAtvs 
avros or avros 6 j8ao~(Aevs, the king himself. 

2. It means the same, when immediately following tho 
article : as, 6 avros /Jao-iXeus, the same king. 

3. It is the Third Personal Pronoun, him, her, it, in the 
oblique cases (Gen., Dat., Ace.) not agreeing with any 
noun : as, ruVro> ovtoV, I strike him. In the Nominative it 
always means self: as, avros \v<o, I loose it myself, agreeing 
with the Pronoun I expressed in the verb, according to 
the rule above (1). 



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48 



PRONOUNS. 



Exercise XXXL 

1. 6 jScwiXtus avros or avros 6 flacriXtvs OTpanjyos W. 
2. o avros fiauriXevs orpanpyos toriv. 3. 6 avi/p avros fiaatXeik 
ioriy. 4. 6 auTos 01070 yScurtXeus eony. 5. Ta avra po&i xaXa 
iarar. 6. oi itoXitoi ov TavVa Oau/Lia^otKriv. 7. ol iroAIrai rr}s 
avrrjs fjfUpas* ov Tavra Oavpaipvcnv. 8. al tov iMjvbs rj/iepou. ov^t 
al avrat «uriv. 9. iraVres avOpamoi t$ avriji TpoV<j> ayaJdol elarw. 
10. 6 irois avrov &ya$6$ iariv. 

1. The kings themselves are generals. 2. The same kings are 
generals. 3. The men themselves are kings. 4. The same men 
are kings. 5. The same rose is beautiful. 6. The man himself 
(does) not admire the same-things. 7. The same man does not 
admire the same-things on the same days. 8. The days in the 
same month are not the same. 9. Her (Gen. of avros) daughter 
is very beautiful. 10. The daughters of the same mother are 
loquacious. 

7. The Interrogative and Indeftnite Pronoun. 

1. Interrogative, tis, ri, who, what f) Q , 

2. Indefinite, tis, ti, any one. J Btem ™ 

Note. — The Indefinite is distinguished from the Interrogative only 
by the accent. The Indefinite is enclitic, that is, it is pronounced with 
the preceding word, upon which it throws its accent. 





Interrogative. 


Indefinite. 


Singular. 


J 




Nom. 


TIS Tl 


TIS « 


Gen. 


TtVoS 


TIVOS 


Bat. 


Tin 


TlVl 


Ace. 


rwa Tl 


riva « 


Dual. 






Nom. Ace. 


TWC 


TIVC 


Oen. Dat. 


TIVOIV 


TIVOIV 


Plural 






Nom. 


rwa riva 


Tivts Tiva (arro) 


Oen. 


TIVIOV 


TIVUIV 


Dat. 


TMTl(l') 


tio-i'(v) 


Ace. 


nvas riva 


tivos revd (aTTa) 



tov, t<{> are often used for tivos, Tin, and tov, to> for Tiros, 
«n. 

* Genitive answering to the question when t See Role 12, p. 19. 
t ovk before an aspirate is written ov*. See p. 33. 



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PBONOUNS. 



49 



8. Kelative Pronoons. 

1. 5s, 17, o, who, which. 

2. ootis, 17ns, on, whoever, whatever, compounded of os 

and Tts. 





M. 


p. 


N. 


Masc. 


Fem. 


Neut 


Sing. 

Norn. 

Gen. 


OS 


V 

V 


* 


oC 


os-ris 

OU-TtVOS 


iJ-TIS 

fp-rivos 


O-Tl 
oC-TtVOS 


Bat. 


* 

(D 


5 


<? 


lOTOV) 
$-TlU 


OTOV 

jj-Tm 


OTOV 
(J-Tm 


Ace. 


ov 


^ 





ov-rwa 


OTCU 
tjV-Tlva. 


OTU) 
O-Tl 


Dual. 

N.A. 


01 


a 




<5-Tive 


a-rivt 


&-TWt 


G.B. 


01V 


ail* 


otv 


ory-Twocy 


atv-Tivoiv 


OIVTWOIV 










OTOIV 


OTOIV 


OTOIV 


Plur. 
Norn. 


0? 


o? 


a 


Ol-TtV€S 


a'-nvcs 


a-riva 


Gen. 


&v 


alv 


£v 


fiv-Ttvaw 


&V-TIVWV 


arra 
Sutuhov 


Dot. 


oh 


ats 


ots 


(.OTWVI 

ots-T«rt(v) 


OTtOV 

aTs-ritri(i') 


OTOIV 

ols-rtm(y) 


Ace. 


ovs 


5s 


2 


c OTOIS ) 

ovs-rivas 


OTOIS 

as-rivas 


OTOIS 

a-riva 

OTTO 



Eule 18. — The Eelative Pronoun agrees with the Ante- 
cedent in Gender, Number, and Person, but not in Case : 
as, oAjSios 6 o-rpanryos, ov 01 ttoAitoi 6avfi.d£ovo-iv, happy (is) 
the general whom the citizens admire. 



Exercise XXXII. 

1. oAySios <S iracScs <f>CKoi tlcriv. 2. ckcu'os oA/faararos, oru> 
/tijStv (cokoV tortv. 3. TtVa 6 iraTqp Oav/xafcu ; (9cuyia£ei tov 
koAov 7rai8a. 4. tis i/oe X>!>pa ; 5. itot/>os Vivos tort Kai 
/urrpds 6 'Eptus ; 6. ti «rri iroAt/uo)TaTov avOpunrois ; avrol 
cavrois. 7. to ti}s S^iyyos ainy/xa ^p tooV ti eon to ovto 



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50 PRONOUNS. 

Terpairow km Smtow k<u rpiirow ; 8. br TEpvia 'A<ppo&iTip vti&s 
i<mv, «V if iroAi irAijoos ■trtpiajepii>v lamv. 9. II*po-cus 'Apytlov 
fia/ rjv, aoo(ov 8c tivos ulos. 10. ok/iios, Sorts owri'av k<u voiis 

1. Happy (are those) to whom children are friends. 2. Whom 
does the moth r admire ? She admires her (say the) most beautiful 
daughter. 3. Of what father and mother is the bride? 4. Who 
are the sons of Pericles? 5. What is more hostile to men than 
vice ? 6. In the city (there are) temples, in which (there) is a 
multitude of crowns. 7. The men were Argives, but the sons of 
some obscure persons. 8. Happy (are those) whosoever have pro- 
perty and intelligence. 9. What was this enigma ? The same- 
thing is four-footed, and two-footed, and three-footed. 10. Who 
are the fathers of these good boys.? 



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( 51 ) 



XIV.— THE VERB. 
Greek Verbs have : ^ 

1. Three Numbers : Singular, Dual, and Plural 

2. Three Voices: 

Active : eru^a, I struck. 
Passive : MfyQrjv, I was struck. 
Middle : crv^d/iijv, I struck myself. 

3. Two Classes of Tenses : 

A. — Principal or Primary : 

1. Presents tvttto), I strike. 

2. Perfect : Teresa, I have struck. 

3. Future : Titycu, I shall strike. 

B. — Historical : 

1. Imperfect: hwrrav, I was striking. 

2. Pluperfect : ertntyeiv, I had struck. 

3. Aonst : hvfa, I struck. 

4. Four Moods : 

11. Indicative: tuhtw, I strike. 
2. Subjunctive : tvjtto), I may strike. 
3. Optative : tvjttoi/u, I might strike. 
4. Imperative : tvwt«, strike. 

5. Three Verbal Nouns : 

11. Infinitive (Substantive} : tu«t«v, to rfrtfee. 
2. Participle (Adjective) : rwnw, striking. 
3. Verbal Adjectives : { ^^ fo 6e fi/ndk- > 

6. Two Conjugations : 

1. Verbs in a>: rvm-m, I strike. 

2. Ferlwtn/n: 810V7U, I flwe- 

'A^pwrros, Aon**, means "indefinite," from o, "not," and 
Soos, " a boundary." 
3* 



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( 52 ) 



REMARKS ON THE VERB. 

[The following Kemarks may be passed over for the 
present, if it is thought advisable.] 

1. Personal Endings. 

The Personal Endings originally were : 



Active. 


Middle. 




Principal 


Historical 


Principal 


Historical 




Tenses. 


Tenses. 


Tenses. 


Tenses. 


Sing. 1. 


-fu 


-V 


-fUU 


-prpr 


2. 


-tn 


-s 


-<rcu 


-(TO 


3. 


^rt 


(-0* 


-rat 


-TO 


Dual. 1. 








-(jLtOaf 


2. 


-top' 






-aOov 


8. 


-TOV 


•rqv 


-crBov 


-irOrjv 


Plur. 1. 


-pjaf 






-fLtOa. 


2. 


-re 






-o-0e 


3. 


-vri 


-vto* 


-irai 


-JTO 



The Active personal endings of the principal tenses are 
best seen in the verb " to be," root <« : 



tl-fii for io~-[u, I am 
ha-vi (oontr. *T) 
i<r-ri(y) 



VJ-TOV 
CO--TOV 



ia~fi.ii 
ct-<rt(v) 



2. Voices. 

The meaning of the Active and Passive is the same 
as in Latin. The Middle is either reflexive ; as, tvttto/hh, 
I strike myself, or it denotes an action done for one's own 
Advantage (see Syntax, § 28). The tenses in the Passive 
and Middle Voices are the same, except in the Future 
and Aorist, which have separate forms for each Voice. 

Note. — The Future Middle sometimes has a Passive meaning. 
* Too t Is dropped, as no Greek word cm end in that letter. 



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EEMAUKS ON THE VERB. 53 



3. Tenses. 



The tenses are classified according to the Tense-Stems 
from which they are formed. The form from which all 
the Tense-Stems of a verb are derived is called the Verb- 
Stem. 

The English of the Tenses is given on p. 51, and is 
the same as the Latin, with one important exception, 
in which the Greek has the advantage over the Latin. 
The Latin Perfect is both a simple Past and a Present- 
Perfect: thus, scripsi means both J wrote and J have 
written. But these two meanings in Greek are expressed 
by two different tenses: the simple Past is always ex- 
pressed by the Aorist ; the Present-Perfect by the Perfect : 
thus, erwl/a means I struck, renxjxi, I have struck (not 
"I struck"). 

There is no difference in meaning, as a general rule, 
between the 1 and 2 Aorist, or between the 1 and 2 
Perfect respectively. Both forms are seldom found in 
the same Verb. The 2 Aorist and 2 Perfect belong to 
verbs containing the simple root, and are the older and 
rarer forms. More modern verbs and all derivate verbs 
have only the 1 Aorist and 1 Perfect. Some modern 
grammarians call the 2 Aorist and . 2 Perfect Strong 
Tenses, and the 1 Aorist and 2 Aorist Weak Tenses; 
as in English, break, broke, sing, sang, are called Strong 
Verbs, and love, loved, admire, admired, are called Weak 
Verbs. 

All the historical tenses have a prefix in the Indicative 
Mood called the Augment : as i-rmj/a, l-Awa. All the Perfect 
Tenses (Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future-Perfect) have the 
Reduplication in all Moods: as, re-rv^a, Ai-Awce. (See 
further, p. 77.) Hence the Pluperfect has both Augment 
and Reduplication, since it is both an historical and a 
perfect tense : as, i-re-ru<f>av, e-Ae-Awav. 

4. Moods. 

The Subjunctive is distinguished from the Indicative by 
a long vowel between the Stem and the ending : as, tott> 
o>-/icv t Av-co-ztev, Au-^-re. 



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51 BEMARK8 ON THE VEBB. 

The Optative is indicated by the vowel t, which gene- 
rally becomes a diphthong with other vowels : as tvttt-oi- 
fLfv, Av-ot-/icv. The Subjunctive has the endings of the 
principal tenses; the Optative (except 1 Sing. Act.) those 
of the historical tenses. 

The Imperative has the following peculiar endings : 

Active. Middle. 

Sing. 2. -Oi -<ro 

3. -t<o -<rO<a 

Dual. 2. iw -vOov 

3. -rw -(tOihv 

Plur. 2. -r« -<r0€ 

3. -vto)v or -Toxrov ~v6u>v or -c&iwar 

5. Verbal Adjectives. 

The two Verbal Adjectives in -tos, -t«os have a Passive 
meaning. That in -tos, as tvbt-os, Av-tos, is really a Per- 
fect Participle Passive; comp. Latin scrip-tus. That in 
-rcos, as Ttnr-Teos, Av-tc'os, has the meaning of necessity, like 
the Latin Gerundive. 

6. Two Principal Conjugations. 

(1.) The First — the most frequent — connects the personal 
endings with the first two Tense-Stems by a connecting 
vowel : as iwt-o-jmj', Xv-o-fiw. The verbs belonging to it 
are called verbs in », because the 1 Sing, l'res. Act. ends 
in a> : as twit-*), kv-ut. 

(2.) The Second — les3 frequent, but older — affixes the 
personal endings to the first two Tense-Stems without a 
connecting vowel: as io--(i.tv. They are called verbs in pi, 
because the I Sing. Pres. Act. preserves the original ending 
jx i : as tl^fu. 

The forms of the other five Tense-Stems are common to 
both conjugations. 

Before giving the Paradigms of Verbs in -O, it is 
necessary to give first the paradigm of tl-/il, on account 
of its use in the formation of some of the Passive Tenses. 

The formation of each Tense-Stem is explained after 
the Paradigms of Verbs in -ii. 



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XV.— THE AUXILIARY VERB elpl, lam. 
(Verb-Stem «s.) 



^s 



1 


a 


00 

1 


Present. 


Imperfect 


Future 


3 


» 


£ 




- 






B. 


l 


ei/ni, I am. 


^v or 


rj,Iwas 


Io-ojluu, I shall be 






2 


it 


i$<r0a 




toy or «r« 






3 


tartly) \l 


2.. 
1JV 




«0T<U 


.5 


i). 


1 








lcx6ft.(6ov 


i 




2 


tOTOV 


^OTOV 


or j^rof 


iataOov 






3 


&TTOV 


JJODJV 


or ijjnp' 


tSTtaOoV 




P. 


1 


ecr/xtv 


frev 




ia-dfuOa 






2 


«TT€ 


&TT£ Or ^T£ 


tataOt 







3 


ftoa(v) 


^(jay 




tcrovrai 


S. 


2 


ic-fli, 6e thou. 








<" 




3 


arrm 








I 


D. 


2 


arrow 








« 




3 


ttrnav 








a 


P. 

~S7 


2 
3 
1 


tort 

tsrrmaav or «rr<uv 








&, I may be. ^ 












2 


i<s 








1 




3 


V 








1 


D. 


2 


1}tov 








I 


P. 


3 

1 


3>ULCV 












2 
3 


fa 

Sxn 








S. 


1 


dt/v, I might be. . 






laoiprfv, I might 






2 






Icroio rbe about 
Ictoito Lto be. 






3 


€117 






I 


1). 


1 








itroi/AtOov 






2 


ilrfrov or tirov 






&TOUT0OV 


o 




3 


ei^njv or t&rifr 






iaolaQrfv 




P. 


1 
2 
3 


tirj/jLtv or cT/xcv 
£ojt€ or tire 
thjo-av or «7^ 






i&otfitOa 
taoiodt 

&TOIVTO 


5* 






efrai, to 6e. 






lataOai, to be 












[about to be. 


II 






cSv, tetnj/. Gen. on-os 






icrofievos, about 






ou<ra oikr)^ 






iao/jLtvrj [to be. 






8k oitos 






caofitvov 



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56 THE AUXILIARY VEBB. 

Exercise XXXIII. 

Indicative Mood. 

1. $tXtmrc, avOpwros it. 2. Oeois ofwioi io-p.iv tvepyeaup. 
3. vtubiov tlfxl Kal in a<ppo>v. 4. ip.ol <j>Ckoi owrort tcrovrai. 

5. Siio muSc yorqv Tip Utpucktl, UdpaXot rt Kal 'EdvOi-mros. 

6. eyai Kal 6 <ro$ irarr)p iratpta re Kal <pi\u> rjjuv. 7. co-cede 
avSpcs a£wi t^s (XevOtpia 1 ;. 8. UToAirwwTos xal Aiomrios 
ypa<pit Ti<rrr\v. 9. aperjj coyxcv ayaOot. 10. ij/itts fiporoi 
ioyxcv. 

1. kings, ye are men. 2. Ye are like to the gods in well- 
doing. 3. We are little-children and still senseless. 4. By virtue 
ye are good. 5. They will never be friends to me. 6. 1 am mortal. 

7. The king had two sons (say there were two sons to the king). 

8. I and your brother were companions and friends. 9. They will 
be men worthy of freedom. 10. The two-painters were wise. 

Imperative and Optative Moods, and Participle. 

Bulk 19. — The Optative Mood, when it is not depen- 
dent on some other verb, expresses a wish, whence its 
name : as cu&u'uwv wjv, may I be happy. 

Exercise XXXIV. 

M, not, is always 'used with the Imperative, Subjunctive, or 
Optative Mood, not ov. 

1. iroAAot ovres cvyems tUri kokoi. 2. tvSai/uov ur)v koi 
0€ok aOavarom <pi'Xos. 3. tpyois <pt\6irovos urOt, p.r) Adyois 
fiovov. 4. firj fwt, avrjp tirf y\aKro~r) <£i'Aos, aXXa ipyip. 5. Sw- 
lioipoi "ixtBi p.aXkov $i (caiojyopos. 6. ovk ayaOov irokvicoipavvr), 
£is KOipavos «mo, els j3aoxXeus. 7. tocovtos 6 ovyypa<ptvs cotcd, 
dXrjOuas <£iXos. 8. ifuv ra Sucaia <f>0C ( — iptka) iarvt. 

9. yc\<i)s /*^ iroXvs lord). 10. 'Apio-TciSrys imi>x<""aTos &v 
iraVrojv 'A&jvauoj' €vrip.6raro<s ?jv. 

I. Many-persons who-are (say being) noble-bom are good. 2. The 
woman who-is (say being) noble-born is wicked. 3. May-we-be 
happy and dear to the gods. 4. May-ye-be happy and dear to the 
gods. 5. In deeds be-ye laborious, not in words only. 6. Be-ye 
unfortunate rather than slanderers. 7. Let the historians be fond 
of truth. 8. The historians who-are (say being) fond of truth are 
worthy of praise. 9. May-I-be unfortunate rather than wicked. 

10. May-we-be unfortunate rather than wicked. 



"N 



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( 57 ) 

XVI.— FIRST CONJUGATION, OR VERBS IN a 

Verbs in -o> are divided into five classes according to 
the final letter of the Stem :— 



Present, 
aj ir. rtfnno, I delight 
[g /3. \ti/3u>, I pour 
•8 s<j}. ypdtfuo, I write 
H \ir. Twrra), I strike 



K, 

r, 
X,p.,v,p 



r,h,e 



I 



Labial Stems 

Guttural Stems 

Dental Stems 

Liquid Stems 

Pure Stems, that is, ending in a vowel. 

First Class. 
Future. 

TtpipU) 

Xtufrat 
ypdxj/ta 
Tvtj/m 
Second Class. 

Xt£uj 

pp#u 



Perf. Act 

TfTfpKpa 

XeA.«<£a 
yeyptxtJM 
rirvipa 



Perf. Pass. 
TiTtpfiai 
XiXti/ipM 
ytypap-pm 



iror\e^a 
XtXe^a 
pipptXa 
r&raxp. 



4 



I 



k. irXocu, I weave 
^ y. Xeyw, I say 
X' Pf>*x<», I wet 
y. rdaaa, Tama, I arrange T<i£a> 

Third Class. 
T. avvria, I accomplish avian) 

8. ipti&a, I make to lean iptiaw 
6. veWui, I persuade ireura> 

8. <ppd£io, I explain tpp&aui 

Fourth Class. 
X. ayytXXm, I announce dyyeXto ijjyyeX(ca 



ireirkeypM. 
XeXey/iat 
piPpeypax 
rirayfuu. 



rjWKa 



ijpiiKa 

vartiKa 

vifypoKa 



vtpm 
KpXvS) 



vipM, I distribute 

Kphm, I distinguish 

<nrupw, I sow o-irtpw 

Fifth Class. 

Xua>, I loose Xio-w 

rifidm, I honour rip.-qo'ia 

iroic<i>, I make Tronqau 



'• SovXoo), I enslave 



v€V€p.rjKa 

KfKpuca 

&nrapKa 

XeXvxa 
ireiroiijKa 



iprucrpxii 
fjptio-fiai. 
iriircurpMi 
irt<ppao-pai 

TqyytXpxu 
vcvtfirjiuu 
Ke.KpXp.ai. 
to-irappuu 

XeXfyiat 

T€Tip,ripai 

Trt.Troi.iqp.ai 



oovXaxna SeSovXca/ca 8(.hov\<opM 



Obs. — The terminations of the Tenses are best seen in the Pure 
Verbs, but as they contain no Second Perfect or Second Aorist 
Active, the conjugation of Tvirra is given first and that of Xu<a next.* 

* If the teacher prefers it, tbe order may be rerersed. 



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58 



XVIL — CONSONANT STEMS. 











Active Voice tvvt-<o, 




jj 


d. 


INDICATIVE. 






Tixsb, 


1 

z 


B 






IMPERATIVE. 






£ 


Principal. 


Historical. 












Present. 


Imperfect. 








& 


1. 


rinr-a 


H-rvrr-oy 






Present 




2. 
3. 


rim-ttt 
rim-ti 


£*nnrr-€$ 
Jf-Tuirr-«(i') 


rimr-t 
Tvrr-irtt 




AND 

Imfebfect. 


D. 


2. 
3. 


rinr-troy 
tiwr-troy 


i-rinT-fTOV 
i-rmrr-fTTiv 


rinrr-tToy 
T\nrr-&rwy 




Stem tiiit. 


P. 


1. 


rinrr-oiitv 


4-Tinrr-o/Mey 










2. 


Tvwr-trt 


t-rfarT-vrt 


rirr-irt 








3. 


rlnrr-owriiv) 


t-rvrr-oy 


TVWT-iTwoay \ 
TvwT-4yr<yy ) 


















S. 


1. 

2. 


T&ff-O* 

riifi-ut 








Future. 




3. 


rfy-ti 








Stem 


D. 


2. 


rAty-troy 








TV + (Tuir-<r). 


P. 


3. 
1. 
2. 
3. 


rty-trar 










S. 


1. 
2. 




t-Tvty-U 


rify-oy 




1 Aobist. 




a 




t-TV<l>~t(v) 


twi(»<It«» 




D. 


2. 




l-rty-arov 


ri^i-aroy 




Stem 




3. 




i^rv^-Jxify 


rv^-inty 




rwfiafrvie-cra). 


P. 


1. 
2. 
3. 




l-ri^-art 
t-rvty-ay 


ri\fi-cert 
Tu^-irtKTay \ 
Tinfr-iyruy J 






— 












Perfect 


Pluperfect. 








S. 


1. 


r4-TV<p-a 


^-T€-T^-flV 






1 Prrjtrct 




2. 


W-Tw^at 


i-re*ri<l>-tis 


t4-tvQ-* 




AND 




3. 


iV-TU^-*^) 




T«-TW^-«Ta» 




1 Pluperfect. 


D. 


2. 


t«-t^-*to» 


Tt-rvQ-eroy 




Stem t*t»$> 

(T«TVW-i). 




3. 


Tf-T^-jbw 


1-rtTvQ-*iri)y 


Tt-rv^irtoy 




P. 


1. 


Tf-Tl5^-4fl«l' 


i-rt-riip-ttiwy 








2. 


T€-nty-4TC 


<T»-Ti^-««Tf 


T«-TW^-«T€ 








a 


T»-T^k-d<ri(r) 




r&rv$^Tvo'ay\ 
rt-Twp-ivrtiy j 








1. 






2 PERFECT 


S. 


W-Tinr-a 


i-rt^riw^ty 






AND 




2. 


W-TinrHtt 


^-T*-T&T-«J 


t4-tvt^ 




2 Pluperfect. 




a 


T«-TW1T-«(«') 


i^rt-rin^ft 


T«-TVT-€TO» 




Stem t«t»». 


~ST1. 


Etc, Ml Pert 


Etc, as I Ptapert 


Etc', as 1 Pert 








f-TOTT-W 






S Aobist. 




a 




f-T»a>«j 


riwt 




Stem r»i. 




a 




?-rv»-«(r) 


Tuw-*raf 










Etc, as Input 


Etc, as Present. 





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CONSONANT STEMS. 



59 



I strike (Verb-Stem T «ir). 





SUBJUNCTIVE. 
Principal. 


OPTATIVE. 
Historical. 


VEEB INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Participle. 




riur-w 


Tim-oifu 


rinrtty 


M. riwr-uy 




TiW-ps 


t6wt-ois 




F. rinrr-ovoa 




rftrr-ij 


rfarr-oi 




N. rinrr-oy 




t6kt-t]tov 


Timr-ovroy 
Tmrr-oWity 




Stem Tvxrovr 




Tiwr-apLfy 


riirr-oiticy 








T&rr-jjTe 


rim-oirt 








riuTtiirt(y) 


rim-oity 










rfy-oifu 


rty-fiy 


M. rity-ay 






riifi-ou 




F. rty-ouaa 






rfy-oi 




N. rify-oy 






rty-onoy 




Stem rvfioyr 






Tv^-oiTrjy 

Tvifi-oinev 

rfy-oi(y 








riifat 


rty-cuiu 


riifi-ai 


M. rity-it 




ri^ps 


rity-eus or -«« 




F. rmfi-atra 




ritlnp 


rinfi-ai or -fit(y) 




N. rity-Sy 




ti^ttrov 


Tty-mroy 




Stem rv^ai'T 




rty-yTor 


rvty-airtiy 






■ritp-wfuy 


r{nf/-atnty 








rfy-riTt 


Tfy^avrc 








■tity-waity) 


ri^auy or -tuo> 








re-rip-to 


T€-ri<p-oiiu 


■rt*rv<p-4yat 


M. Tt-rv$^bs 




re-rwp-ys 


Tt-riQ-oa 




F. Tf-rv^-vla 




T«-r^k-p 


T(-ri$-oi 




N. Te-TVaWj 




TC-T^CV-jrTOV 


re-T&<t>~oiray 




Stem TiTtr^or 




Tt-ri<fHriToy 


Te-rwp-olrriy 






TC~Tv<p-atiev 


Tt-ri<f)-otiify 




Seep. 76 




Te-Tl)fl)-1JT« 


Tt^ritfi-oirf 








re-rv^uert^y) 


Te-riHp-otcv 








T€-Tl5ir^» 


re-rfa-oifu 


Tt-TVT-iviU 


M. re-Tuir-iii 




Te-T&r-p* 


rt-riw-ots 




F. Tt-Tinr-uio 




re-r&r-p 


Tf-riir-oi 




N. T«-Tlflr-0* 




Etc, as 1 Pert 


Etc., as 1 Perl 




Stem TtTuiroT 




T&r-» 


rir-oiiu 


Tinr-tiy 


M. TVT-liy 




T&r-ps 


r&w-ots 


■ 


F. Tinr-oSffa 




ri*l 


r{nr-oi 




N. Ttnr-oV 




Etc., as Present. 


Etc., as Present. 




Stem twitoi't 



Digitized by 



Google 



60 



XVH.— CONSONANT STEMS. 



Passive and Middle Voices, rvttr-ofi.a.t y I am 
TENSES COMMON TO 







a 


INDICATIVE. 






Tkhsb. 


1 






IMPERATIVE. 






£ 


Principal. 


Historical. 












Present. 


Imperfect. 








S. 


i. 


riwT-oiuu 


t-rvrr-o/niv 










2. 


Twrr-ei or p 


i^rinrr-ov 


TtSflT-OW 




Present 




3. 


rtflTT-CTCU 


i-r{nrr-*TQ 


Txm-iatu 




AND 


D. 


1. 


TWTT-<{/ie80l' 


l^rvm-ifitfov 






Imperfect. 




2. 


T&TT-€<rt>OI' 


i-rim-ttriw 


tinrr-ta&ov 




Stem r»»T. 




3. 


T{nrr^a$oy 


4-rvTT-(<r9Tiv 


Tvnr-ioBuv 




P. 


1. 


rinrr-6fie0a 


i-rvwr-i/uSa 










2. 


T&rr-€<r0c 


i-riwT-f<r9( 


rim-eaBe 








3. 


T&rr-ovTw 


i^rwrr-orro 


•nrwr-4<rBaaai>\ 
rvm-ia9m/ ) 






















Per/erf. 


Pluperfect. 








8. 


1. 


ri-rvfi-fuu 


i-rt-ri/t-iiriv 










2. 


Tf-ni^iai 


l-yi-TV^O 


r4-rvtyo 




Perfect 




3. 


T4-rvw-Tat 


^-T€-TWT-TO 


re-Tiiip-Bu 




AND 


D. 


1. 


T«-Tt!jll-/M0O»> 


i-T(-rilirHf9ov 






Pi/cpekfect. 




2. 


T^-TV^-001' 


t~r4~rv<p~6av 


T€-rv<p-0oy 








3. 


T^-ru^-floy 


i-r(-ri<p-Briv 


tt-ri^-Bav 




Stem TtTvr. 


P. 


1. 


Te-rtf/i-juc0a 


^-T€-ri5/t-jue0a 










2. 


T€-TI^>-0e 


^-T«-TU0-0€ 


rt-TV<p~Be 








3. 


•K-TU/l-^m 


Tt-rvn-pivoi 


Te-Tii<j>-fl«c f 










fJ<r((i') 


■f\aa.v 






S. 


1. 

2. 
3. 


re-Tty-opai 
Tf-rty-ti or p 

Tt-TtJljl-fTat 








FUTUBE 


D. 


1. 


r(-rv^i-6/it8ov 








Pekfeot. 




2. 


TC-T^-efftfoV 








Stem Ter»f 


P. 


3. 
1. 

2. 


T«-riiif-€<r<J<w 












3. 


Tc-rvt|>-oiTai 









Digitized by 



Google 



CONSONANT STEMS. 



61 



struck, or I strike myself (Verb-Stem tvw). 
BOTH VOICES. 





SUBJUNCTIVE. 
Principal. 


OPTATIVE. 
Historical. 


VERE 


INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Participle. 




tvwt-uiuu 


rvm-oliaiv 


rim-tarOu 


M. rvwr-6u,ti>os 




T<Jirr-fl 


tv*t-ou> 




F. Twxr-ou.il/ri 
N. TVHT-opeyov 




T&tT-lJTM 


tvwt-oito 






rvirriifitSoy 
rivr-ji<r0ov 


rvKT-oliuiov 
t4tt-out6ov 




Stem TvirTo/itvo 




rv*T-T\otov 


Turr-oiordrjy 








TVTT-lipLfBa 


rvwT'oifieBa 








rfarr-ri<T6e 


Tvrr-ourde 








TVKT-avrai 


tvkt-oivto 








rt-rvu,-fi4vos £ 


Tf-ruix-nivos (Xti» 


rt-ri(p-$cu 


M. TC-TVU,-n4vOS 




rf-rvu.-p4yos jjs 


rc-rvfi-fitvos cfijs 




F. Te-TVn-u,itri) 




T«-TU/*-/t6'OS ]J 


rf-rv/i-lttros «lij 




N. Tt-ru/i-iifvoy 




Tf-TV/l-ll&V 1JTOV 


rt-rv/i-inivu ttrov 




Stem Ttrvftptvo 




rt-rvp-iiiva jfrov 


re-Tv/i-pha) ffniv 








T*-Tv/i-p4roi St/i€v 


Tf-rvii-fiiyoi eTfifv 








Tt-rvn-u,4vot vrt 


Tt-rvp-ittvoi «Tt€ 








Tf-TV/irflivOt 


rt-rvfiriiivoi eley 








Sai{y) 












Te-Tu^i-of/nji' 


t«-t6|i-w0<u 


M. Tt-TVty-6lUVOS 






Tt-T^I-OiO 




F. T(-Tv^-ou.4yti 






Tt-rity-om 




N. rc-rvty-6iitvm> 






rt-ruty-oltMBov 




Stem •■ "v^oiitvo 






T€-rv<li-ol<T0riv 










T€-rvty-oiftc9a 










Tf-ri^-ourOe 










Tt-rity-oiyro 







tt v i » j- ^- f tottt-o'j, -4, -iv, able, or fit, to be struck. 
Verbal Adjectives { ^.fr^ 4, y , n ^miry to be aruok. 



Digitized by 



Google 



62 



xvn. — consonant stems. 

Passive and Middle Voices, Tuirr-o/iai, I am 
TENSES PEOULIAB TO 



Teksk. 


n 


INDICATIVE. 


IMPERATIVE. 




Principal. 


Historical. 




1 FOTCBE. 
Stem 


S. 1. 
2. 
3. 


TlKp-HiTOIUU 

TV<p-#h<rei or ij 

Etc., as Present. 








2 FUTCRIS. 
Stemruirijo-- 


S. 1. 
2. 
3. 


Tuir-^<ro/*a» 
TiflrWjiTM or p 
Tinr-^crerai 
Etc., as Present 








1 Aobist. 
Stem rv<p6 7). 


a i. 

2. 

3. 
D. 2. 

3. 
P. 1. 

2. 

3. 




4-ri<p-<hiv 

t^TV^-0HS 

4-riip-eri 

iriip-BiiTov 

i-rwp-9iiTi)y 

4-ri<l*4ri<ray 


rvty-difrw 
Tty-Oiyroy 
Twp^Myrwy 

T&p-BriTf 
TvipSiiraxTay \ 
TvQ-6tyrwv | 




2 Aobist. 
Stem tw*ij. 


S. 1. 
2. 
3. 




i-riw-Tiy 
t-riw-ns 
i-rix-ri 
Etc., as 1 Aor. 


T&r-ijOi 

TOTT-^TW 

Etc., as I Aor. 




TENSES PECDLIAS TO 


FcTCBE. 

Stem rvifi 
(tvw-o). 


S. 1. 
2. 
3. 


Tty-O/JUU 

Tity-et or p 
•rtty-erat 
Etc., as Present. 








1 Aobist. 

Stem Tvtf/a 
(rvx-ed). 


S. 1. 

2. 

8. 
D. 1. 

2. 

3. 
P. 1. 

2. 

3. 




i-rinfi-d/iiiy 

i-rwfr-arro 
4-Tvty-ApcBov 

4-r4ifi-a<r8oy 
i-rvty-AtrOriv 

4-rinfi-a<x6e 
4-rfy-avTQ 


rity-ai 

rfy-cur9oy 
Tvty~d<rOwy 

rvty-iotuv \ 
rvfy-Aatataay f 




2 Aobist. 
Stem tut. 


S. 1. 
2. 
3. 




t-rvn-6firiy 
4-rfa-ov 
4-r6r-€TO 
Etc., as Imperf. 


TVW-OV 
TVW'4ff0w 

Etc., as Present. 





Ots.— -The Future Middle of certain 

Digitized by Lj OOQ IC 



CONSONANT STUMS. 



63 



struck, or I strike myself (Verb-Stem rvir). 
THE PASSIVE VOICE. 





SUBJUNCTIVE. 
Principal. 


OPTATIVE. 
Historical. 


VERB INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Participle. 






Tv<p-di}<roto 
Etc., as Present. 


rv<p-6r}<rear8ai 


M. Tv<j>-87}ir6fXfyos 

F. TV<p-8lf]<TOp.ivT) 

N. Tv<p-8r)(r6f<i€VQy 
Stem Tv<p&T}(ro(j.€yo 






Tvir-ir}(rotfnjy 
Tvir-Tjoroto 

TVTT--f}<rOtTO 

Etc., as Present. 


Twr-j}(r€(r8cu 


M. TVTT-T}(r6[J,fVQ$ 
F. TVTT-rjffOfifyTJ 

N. TVTr-7}(x6fj,fpoy 
Stem TvrrTjffofxtyo 




rv<p-8u> 
rvip-Qfjs 
rv<p-0fj 
tv<P-9t\tov 

TV<p-dT)TOV 

Tv<p-6u}fj.*y 

TV<p-8rJT€ 

TV<p-6to(Ti(y) 


TVtp-Qe'iT} 

Tv<p-6tir}Toy 'Biirov 
Tv<p-8eiT}T7]v -BeiTTjy 
TV(p'8eir)fi€v -8c?fi€ y 

Tvcp~8€iTj<rav -8*Uy 


TV<f>-&TJyat 


M. Tvty-8*ls 
F. rvip-Biiffa. 

N. Tv<p-8(v 

Stem rvtpdevr 
See p. 76 




TVTT-to 
TVir-T}S 

r\nr-fj 
Etc., as 1 Aor. 


rvTr-titjy 

Etc., as 1 Aor. 


Tvir-r}vat 


M. TVTT-tts 

F. Ti/ir-« 7<ra 

N. tutt-cV 

Stem Tt/irepT 


THE MIDDLE VOICE. 






rvty-oifjLTjy 
Etc., as Present. 


Tvty-fvdat 


F. TV^-OfJ.4t'7J 

N. Tvip-S/xtyoy 
Stem ruij/oiieco 




rvtp-a/xai 

TVlp-TJTCU 

Tvip-ufxiOoy 
Ti>\l/-7j(r8oy 


rvty-alfiriy 

Tvty-ato 

rv\p-atro 

Tvty-alfMfSoy 

rvty-aiffdoy 

Tvty'aicr8"i)v 

Tvty-aifj.*8a 

TVJp-CUVTO 


rty-aaBat 


F. Tu^-o/tf'nj 
N. Tvty-dfMyov 

Stem tu^ojucko 




Etc., as Present. 


rvir-olfxriy 

TVTT-OtO 
TV1T-OITO 

Etc as Present. 


TVTT-tffdcU 


M. Tuir-tJjuevos 
F. TVK-ofjLiyi) 

N. TVTT-6fifPOy 

Stem Ti/7rojU6co 



Verbs is used as a Future Passive also. 



/ 



Digitized by 



Google 



64 



XVin. — VOWEL STEMS UNCONTRACTEI). 



y 











Active Voice \v-o>, 








A 


INDICATIVE. 




.._ 


Teksx. 


! 








IMPERATIVE. 






& 


Principal. 


Historical. 












Present 


Imperfect. 








s. 


1. 


* Ai-» 


Jf-Au-oy 










2. 


Ai-«t 


J?-Av-€J 


AB-c 




Present 




3. 


Al^-tl 


fou-tfr) 


Xu-trm 




AND 


D. 


2. 


A^-«TOy 


<-A6-eroy 


\i-fTtn> 




Imperfect. 




3! 


A^-eroy 


MLV-frgP 


Au-eray 




Stem A 0. 


P. 


1. 


A(5-o/«y 


<-A^-<y«y 










2. 


A|J-€T€ 


i-Ki-tre 


Ai5-eT« 








3. 


ki-ovtri(vi 


g-AD-oy 


Au-erway^ 
Au-oVrwy / 


















S. 


1. 

2. 
3. 


«-Ai-<r«» 
AW«i 
AlJ-fffl 








FUTUBE. 


D. 


2. 


\i-trrrov 








Stem A 0<r. 


P. 


3. 
1. 
2. 
3. 


Hit 

b b b 61 

.< .< < < 










S. 


1. 

2. 
3. 




*-f-Au-<ra 

?-Au-<raj 

?-Au-«(y) 


Au-oW 

Kv-ffdm 




1 Aorist. 


D. 


2. 




e-Atf-iraToy 


Atararoy 






3. 




^-Au-(TliTjp' 


Au-ffdrwy 




Stem Aiiffa. 


P. 


1. 

2. 
3. 




^-Atf-<raf«y 

^-A<J-<rort 

?-Aw-<ray 


Atarax* 
Au-<rdVo«ray\ 
Au-ffayrow / 






















Perfect. 


Pluperfect. 








S. 


1. 


s \4-\V-KO. 


^-Ae-AiJ-Keiy 










2. 


Ae'-Avicas 


i-Ac-A6-K«f 


Ae'-AtK* 




1 Pebfect 




3. 


A^-Au-gcfy) 

A€-A^-KClTOV 


^-A«-A^-K6« 


A«-A«-(c^T» 




AND 


D. 


2. 


^-At-Au-(tc»Toy 


A*-Atf-iteToy 




1 Plupebfect. 




3. 


• A€-A^-K&TOy 

Ac-A^-Kajwy 


£-A«-Ai>-j«fn)y 


A«-Au-K^r»r 




Stpm A f A C it 


P. 


1. 


l-Ae-A^-Kci/tey 






(.JtrtJUA f\ K .V V H. 




2. 


Ac-A6-(cSt« 


^-A«-Ai-IC€IT« 


A«-A*5-icer* 








3. 


Ac-Atf-<ca<ri(y) 


^-Ae-A^-Kciffay \ 
4-A«-Atf-ite<ray / 


Ac-Av-Kera<ray\ 
A«-Au-K(JyT«y / 












2 Pebfect 














AND 






Wanting in ' 


Vowel Stems. 






2 Pltjpebfeot. 














2 Aobist. 




Wanting in 


Vowel Stems. 










"M- 



Digitized by 



Google 



VOWEL STEMS UNOONTBA.CTED. 



65 



I loose (Verb-Stem X«). 





SUBJUNCTIVE. 
Principal. 


OPTATIVE. 
Historical. 


VERB INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Participle. 




Av-to 


\i-ot)u 


Ai-tiy 


• 
M. Ai-av 




Ai-ys 


Ai-ois 


-~ — 


F. Av-ovaa 




Ku-lfrov 
Ai-ifroy 


Av-oi 

Ai-oiray 

Av-otrriv 




N. Ai-oy 
Stem Avoyr 




Ai-a/iey 


Ai-oi/itv 








\i-ifrt 


\i-oert 








Ai-wci(y) 


Xi-oKy 










\i-aot)u 


Ai-ottv 


M. At-ativ 






Ai-oois 


~~~ 


F. Aii-o-oucra 






Ai-aot 




N. Av-<roy 






A&-<ronoy 
Av-aofotiy 




Stem Avaovr 






\i-<rotpe 










Ai-aont 










Ai-aotey 




•J 




» Ai-aa 


\6-aatfu 


Av-ffat 


M. Ai-oas. 




Ai-fps 


Ai-atus or -anas 




F. Ai-aaaa 




Ai^n/roy 


Av-crai or -<r«c (y) 




N. Av-aay 




Ab-oanov ' 




Stem Xuffacr 




Ai-atfrov 


\v-goIttiv 






Ai-aufuv 


\v-ffaificv 








AA-arrre 


A6-<raiTe 








Ai-aaxri^v) 


Ai-aaiev or -trtiav 








1 Kf-Xi-Kla 


A€-Av-KOl/lt 


Af-Av-ic4v(u 


M. At-Av-K&s 




AfAi-KJIS 


Ae-Ai-KOis 




F. Xe-Xu-KiHa 




At-Ai-icg 
At-Ab-Kirrov 


At-Ai-Koi 




N. Xe-Xu-/c<fs 




\t-\i-KotToy 




Stem AtAvKor 




At-Ai-Ktfrov 


Ae-Av-Kolrrjy 






At-Ai-xufity 


\c-\6-KOt/Afy 




See p. 76 




\t-\A-Kirre 


Xe-A<J-KoiT6 








\e-\j-K<n<ri(y) 


Ae-Ai-Kotey 



























Digitized by 



Google 



66 



XVIII.— VOWEL STEMS UNCONTEACTED. 



Passive and Middle Voices, kv-o/iai, I am 

TENSES COMMON 





1 


ri 


INDICATIVE. 






Thxss. 


F 






IMPERATIVE. 




1 


Principal. 


Historical. 












, Present. 


, Imperfect. 








S. 


l. 


Ki-ofuu ■■ 


i-Kv-d/iny 










2. 


k&-tt or p 


4-Xi-ov 


\&-ov 




Present 


D. 


3. 
1. 


Kv-ercu 
\v-6fit9oy 


i-\6-ero 


\v-4a8ta 




AND 

Imperfect. 




2. 


\6-toDoy 


4-\i-*(r$oy 


\6-etr8ov 






3. 


K&taDoy 


i-Xv-4<r$rir 


\v-4<r$cnr 




Stem A.O. 


P. 


I. 


\v~6fie$a 


4-Xv-6fi(6a 










2. 


\i-fvBe 


4-?<&-e<r9e 


Xii-ecrOe 








3. 


\j-onrat 


i-\j-oyrg 


Kv-4a6arrcw \ 
\v-4a6uy ) 






















Perfect. 


Pluperfect. 








S. 


1. 


\4~\v-fJUU . 


i'Kt-Xi'Hijy 










2. 


At-Kv-ortu 


4-X^Xv-tro 


\4-\V-<TO 




Perfect 




3. 


Ae-Xw-TO* 


4-\4-\v-ro 


X€-Xv-<r6» 




D. 


1. 


Xe-Xtf-/i€0ov 


4-\f-\i-/itSoy 






AND 

Pluperfect. 




2. 


\4-\vtrBov 


i-K4~\v-ir0oy 


\4-\v~<r0oy 






3. 


\4-\vaDoy 


4-\t-Xv-<r07iv 


Ae-Xii-a^ew 




Stem XeXC. 


P. 


1. 


\t-kv-fiiOa 


4-\c~\v-fLt$a 










2. 


X«-Av-<r0« 


4-\4-\iMr0e 


x£-Xu-<r8<= 








3. 


\4-\v-yrai 


i~\4-\v^yro 


Xe-XtJ-<r0wo*cu'\ 
\(-Ki-<riuy f 


















S. 


I. 
2. 
3. 


\t-\i-vd or p 
X€-X^-<rcrou 








Fdtcbe 


D. 


I. 


\f~\v~e6nf$ov 








Perfect. 




2. 


\f-\&-<rt<T$ov 








Stem XeA5<r. 


P. 


3. 
1. 
2. 
3. 


\e-\v-ff6iie0a 
Kt-Ki-atait 









~\ 



Digitized by 



Google 



VOWEL STEMS UNCONTKACTED. 

loosed, or I am losening myself (Verb-Stem X«). 
TO BOTH VOICES. 



67 





SUBJ0NCTIVE. 
Principal. 


OPTATIVE. 
Historical. 


VERB INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Participle. 




X(5~a?/Ltat 


Au-o(uj)c 


\i-f<r$at 


M. \v-6fitvos 




\6-p 


A(S-oio 




F. Xv-ofievri 




\i-rirai 


AtJ-OITO 




N. \v-ipfvov 




Kv-ili/xdov 


Kv-oipeBoy 




Stem Auouepo 




\&t)<rBor 


\6-oiff0op 






\4-ti<r$ov 


\v~oitr6r\v 








\v-6iu9a 


\v-olfif9a 








\i-il<r9e 


\v-our6e 








\6-wvrai 


ki-ouno 








Ae-Av-ueVoj & 


ke-\v-iiivos ttriv 


Ae-Atf-o-ftu 


M. \(-\v-^yos 




Ae-Av-ntVos 5 


\e-\v-fi4vos flys 




P. \f-\v-n4v7i 




\f\v-/ityos till 




N. \e~\v-/jLfvov 




Ae-Aw-nero* l\rov 


\c-\v-n4vu ttrov 




Stem AeAu/xevo 




\f-Kv*fifvw %tov 


\e-kv-fi€if(a ftnjv 








\c-Xv-jx4voi &/MV 


Ae-AtJ-jUevot el/j.cy 








Ae-Au-ueVOt ^T€ 


Ac-AtS-jUepoi fire 








Ac-Au-pepoi 5(r*(v) 


\t-\v-fitvm tltr 










\f-kv-eroliU)V 


\f-xi-at<r0at 


M. Ac-Av-tr^uerof 






A«-AtJ-(roio 




F. Ac-Au-froulif; 






Ae-Ai5-(Toiro 




N. Ae~Av-crd/teiw 






Ae~\v-crolfi(0ov 
\f-K6-ffoi<r$ov 




Stem AcAuo'ojuei'o 






Kf-\u-aoiadriv 










Kt-Kv-<rolfif9a 










Af-AtJ-(TOIO"0€ 










\f-\6-<roivro 







Verbal Adjectives / A, "" T< ^' "^5 riv \ <Me > or - /K fo 6e looiled - 
I Ai;-t«os, -t«o, recv, neceetary to be looted. 

4 



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68 



XV11I. — VOWEL STEMS UNCONTRACTED. 



Passive and Middle Voices, Xv-o/iai, lam 
TEXSES PECULIAR TO 



Torsi. 


Number. 
Penon. 


INDICATIVE. 


IMPERATIVE. 




Principal. 


Historical. 




1 Future. 
Stem KiSria. 


S. 1. 
2. 
3. 


\V-frfl<TOIUU 

Au-frfrrp or « 
Au-0^<rer<u 
Etc., as Present. 








2 Future. 




Wanting in Vowel Stems. 

V' 






1 AORIST. 

Stem xiiflTi. 


S. 1. 

2. 

3. 
D. 2. 

3. 
P. 1. 

2. 

3. 




4-ki-8r)s 

i-Xi^jfray 

i-\v-tffniv 

i-Xi-trtiuy 

i-\i-0riTt 

i-\i4i)<iay 


\i-trrri 

\i-6yroy 
\v-fHrmy 

Ki-$nre 
Xv-iifraaay or 
\v-6hrrwy 




2 Aoiiist. 




Wanting in Vowel Stems. 






TENSES PECULIAR TO 


1 Future. 
Stem A. ucr. 


S. 1. 
2. 
3. 


\i~<ro)uu 
\i-crti or p 

A^-0"«TOJ 

Etc., u Present. 








1 Aorist. 
Stem Avca. 


S. 1. 

2. 

3. 
D. 1. 

2. 

3. 
P. 1. 

2. 

3. 




i-Ao-ad/tyy 

/-AiJ-trw 

i-\i-<rcero 

i-Kv-a&iM^oy. 

i-\u-OMyQav 

i-Kn-aiirBrty 

i-Xv-aiiitOa 

4-A^-o~cur0e 


Av-<r<u 
KvtriaBu 

K&-(JCUTd0V 

XvaioQwy 

\i-aatr6t 
Kv-aioBuv or 
Kv-tr&tT&vtrcw 




2 AOBMT. 




Wanting in Vowel Stems. 


! 



OU.— The Future Middle of certain 



Digitized by 



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VOWEL STEMS UNCONTRACTED. 



69 



loosed, or, 1 am loosening myself (Verb-Stem X«). 
TBE PASSIVE VOICE. 





SUBJUNCTIVE. 

Principal. 


OPTATIVK. 
Historical. 


VEEB INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Participle. 






Av-Oqcrof/iqy 
\v-Bii<roto 
Au-O^ctoxto 
Etc., as Present. 


Au-0^<re<r9<u 


M. Xv-Byaipeyos 
F. Xv-9riaoiUin) 

N. Xv-Br\aiiXiVov 

Stem XuBr/tro- 
ptyo 














Xv-BH 

A«-8ps 

Au-fljj 

Xv-Brjroy 

Xv-Bifroy 

Xv-B&fitv 

\v-6iJTC 


XvBeiriy 
Xv-Bttris 
Xv-Belri 

KwBtiifToy -Btrroy 
Ku-Btvfyrriy •Mnp> 
Xv-Beiripfy -Bet/ity 
Xv-Btlrrre -Been 
\v4ttri<rca> -Bftey 


Au-flijcai 


M. Xv-i ets 
F. Av-0e?<ra 
N. At>-fl^ 

Stem Av0ti>r 

Seep. 76 












TEE MIDDLE VOICE. 






\v(rolfiriy 
xi-<roio 

Xi-COffO 

Etc., as Present. 


A<5-ow9ai 


M. Xv-aiptvos 
F. Xv-eoiUyt) 

N. Xv-<r6pcyoy 

Stem A v coyu efo 




Al5-<T1J 

Xi-trifrai 
Xo-<riififBov 
Kb-ai)aBov 
Xi-arioBov 

Xv-(TlifU0a 

\{t-oavrai 


Au-ffaiiMji' 

Xv-atuo 

Ai'<-traiTO 

Kv-aaintBov 

kv-<rai<rt)ov 

Xv-<raloBi\y 

Xv-aaifieBa 

Xv-<rcutr6e 

\v-<rawro 


\i~(ra<rB<u 


M. Aw-trd/twos 
F. Xv-ffafityij 

N. Av-(Tc(/t61'OV 

Stem Av<ra/t«i<o 













Verbs is used as a Future Passive also. 



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70 



XIX. — VOWEL STEMS OONTBAOTE0. 



ACTIVE. 



Stems in A. 



Hood. 


! i 

S3 B. 


Principal. 


HISTORICAL. 






Pretent. 


Imperfect. 




8.1. 


Tlfld-u, rijxw 


1-rl/M-OV, MflMV 




2. 


ri/id-eis, ▼'/«?» 


i-rifia-cs, fat/ids 




S. 


ripd-ci, Ti/ioi 


i-rifia-e, trifii 


Indica- 


D. 1. 






tive. 


2. 


Tipd-fror, Ttuwrov 


i-riliirtrov, irijimov 




3. 


Tlfld-tTOV, Ttfiaroy 


t-rina-irj)v, irifidrtiv 




P. 1. 


rifiA-ontv, Tifivfiev 


i-Tt/id-oner, irifiiift^y 




2. 


rtpA-tre, Ti/iare 


i-Ti/td-tTf, iriimre 




* 


T</«£-»v<ri(i') > Ti/uStrttV) 


i-rifia-ov, irifiotv 




fci. 2. 


rl^o-e, rijud 






a 


rifm-iru, rifidrt* 




IMPERA- 
TIVE. 


D. 2. 


TI/ut-eTOC, Ttfl&TOV 




3. 
P. 2. 


Ti/ta-irov, rtixdrw 

Tip.d-CTf, Tl/iaT€ 






3. 


rtfia-erwcav, rtfidrwcay 


} 






rifia~6vrotv, riii&vrotv 






Subjunctive. 


Optative. 


Or 




8.1. 


Tifid-u>, Ttfta 


rifid-aifxt, (rifi$/j.i) 


TiJUyip'* 


Scbjcxc- 

TIVE 


2. 


Ti|*it-pr, Ti/t§* 


Tiftd-ots, (tih$s) 


Tigris 


3. 
D. 1. 


TIM<t-J7» «/»§ 


rtfii~oi, (ti/x£> 


Tifttfr) 


AND 
OlTA- 

TIVE. 


'2! 


Ti/ut-ijroi', ripaTOV 


Ti/ut-OiTOX, Ti/t^roe 


(Tip.<faTOI>} 


3. 


TifidrijroVy rifiarov 


nua-olrriv, Ti/ii^Ttiv (TijUy^TTjx) 




P. 1. 


ripA-ajitv, rl/i&fiev 


tijii.-aiy.tv, Ti/MpfLtv (Ti/aqSijuex) 




2. 


Tipd-iiTf, ri/uire 


Tlftd-OlTf, Tl/J.cjrTf (T»/t^l)T«) 




3. 


Ttfid-ucri(v), rifiaci(y) 


Tl/td-OlfV, TllUftV 1 



Infinitive, / T '^-«". Participle, /*¥•£■"'. ^.Wa, t^-o^, 

REMARKS OS THE CONTRACTED VERBS. 

Most of the Contracted Verbs are derived from Nouns : as, nyd-a, 
I honour, from rip.ii, honour. 

The contractions are confined to the Present and Imperfect Tenses. 
The other Tenses are formed like those in Kiu, a being lengthened 
into 11, c into it, o into a. 

None of these Verbs have either the 2 Perfect or 2 Aorist. 

Contractions of A Verbs (rifid-a). 
fa ( become d, tI/uu rlpa. a become a, ri/idop.tr rip&ntr. 



a u 
a ti 



d, Ti/idrrrov ti/iStov. 
o, ri/idris TljliSs. 
a, Tlfldfi Tl/«$.t 



a si 
a ov 



a, Tt/jidmiiey Tt/iZfiev, 

W, Tlfldotflt TL/Xy/ll. 

to, Tiudov riuoj. 



* The forms In ijy, &c. are the more usual in the singular. 

t In the Infinitive 1 snbscrlptum disappears: as, Tifidetr, ti(iok 



"\ 



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VOWEL STEMS CONTRACTED. 



71 



Ti/taw, I honour (Verb-Stem njia). 

MIDDLE AND PASSIVE. 



Mood. 


1 i 


Pbincipal. 


HisTonicAL. 






PreseJii. 


Imperfect. 




S. 1. 


■niJ.i-op.ai, 


■ rifiafuu 


i-Tk/JLa-dfiTji', irifuifiriv 




2. 


Tini-y, 


rif4 


i-rtfui-ov, irifia 




3. 


ri/id-erai, 


ri/utrai 


4-ri/ii-ero, In/taro 


INDICA- 


D. 1. 


Tifj.a-ifj.tBov, 


rifidtfitBov 


i-rifjM-6fuBov, fTifj.ajfj.t6ov 


TIVE. 


2. 


rifid-eo-Oov, 


rifULcBoy 


i-TifiA-toBov, irifiaaBov 




3. 


rifid-faBov, 


TlfiaoBoV 


i-riijM-ivBiiv, IrifiAaBrtv 




P. 1. 


rifia-ifuBa, 


Ttfu&litBa 


i-ri/ia-6fu8a, irifuSptBa 




2. 


rifid-to-Be, 


TifiaoBe 


4-rifj.i-taBe, inftaaBe 




3. 


tifid-ovrai, 


TifiWVTat 


4-Tlfld-OVTO, iTlflUlVTO 




S.2. 


Tl/ld-OV, 


riftw 






3. 


TCjaa-«r8», 


ri/idoBa 






D. 2. 


riixi-taBop, 


riixaaBov 






3. 


rifia-iaBav, 


rifidaBav 






P. 2. 


rtfid-taBe, 


rifmaBc 






3. 


Ti/ia-Ar Bmrar 


TifiAaBuaav 


1 






rifia-toDav, 


TijidtrBaw 






Subjunctive. 


Optative. 




8.1 


rifj.i-wp.ai. 


Ti/iai/uu 


Tijj.a-oifj.riy, rifUffiifv 


SUBJCHO- 


2. 


rifid-p, 


Tlfjq. 


Ttfld-OlO, Tlfl$<> 




3. 


rt/xd-riTui, 


Tlfiarw 


Tlfld-OITO, TlfUpTO 




D. 1. 


rifia-d/fxeBov, 


TifitefLtBov 


rifi.a-olfj.iBov, TifiiffifBov 




2. 


Tipi-riaBov, 


TifuurBoy 


rifid-oioSov, rifitfvBov 




3. 


Tifid-qaBov, 


rtfuxtrBov 


rina-oio-Bifv, rtftifaijir 




P. 1. 


Tifia-wfitSa, 


Tifie&fxeda 


Ttfiu-olfieOa, rifufrfvcBa 




2. 


Tt/j.d-T)<rBt, 


Tt/uurBe 


Tifid-OiffBt, TtfiifitfBe 




3. 


rifid-avrai. 


Tlfl&VTOl 


Tlfld-OIVTP, Ttfifmo 1 



Infinitive, ( T '^-«r9«. p nrt iciple, l****"™' "■» 
^ [ri/uurtai. r ' \Tifj.wfj.(ros, -t), ■ 





Active. 


Middle. 


Passive. 


FCTUBE, 


ri<xf\-aiti 


ni>J\-aofj.ai 


Tifiri-Bfurofuu 


1 AORIST, 


l-rifiy-aa 


i-Tifxif^trdfinv 


i-rifiif-BT)v 


1 Perfect, 


re-rlfiii-ica 


TC-rifiri-fiat 


Tf-Tlfirj-fiai 



Verbal Adjectives, tx/uj-tJs, ti/mj-tcos. 



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Google 



72 



XIX. — VOWEL STEMS CONTRACTED. 



Stems is E. 



ACTIVE. 



Mood. 


I 


0. 


Principal. 


HlSTOBIOAL. 








Present. 


Imperfect 




a 


1. 


roii-ct, 


worn 


i^woit-ov, i-woimjy 






2. 


TOlt-flS, 


Touts, 


i-rolf-ts, iroitts 






3. 


roi4-ei, 


X01CI 


i-woit-t, iroUt 


Indioa- 


D. 


1. 








T1VJL 




2. 


XOli-VTOY, 


mtterop 


i*TOM-fT0V, twoittroy 






3. 


Tod-trov, 


voifiroy 


i^rote-enir, itrouhjiy 




P. 


1. 


■woti-ofiev. 


TTOIOV/KV 


i^voit-Ofitv, itroiovfitp 






2. 


«W-ere, 


routrt 


i^woti-vrt, iroiftrt 






3. 


■*oii-ovai(y), 


woiovffi(y) 


i-mlt-ov, iroiovv 




S. 


2. 


Tole-t, 


volti 








a 


wou-irw, 


woitirct 




Impera- 


D. 


2. 
3. 


voU-trov, 

■woif'iruv, 


wourroy 

woieirwy 




tive. 


P. 


2. 


iW-ere, 


TOltlT* 








3. 


Toie-eruHrcw, 


■mitlrwray 


} 








T0lt-6vTWV t 


votoiyrcw 








Subjunctive. 


Optative. 


Or 




S. 


1. 


W0!f'-», 


TCOtW 


VOtt-OlfU, (xoioT/ii) 


rotolrip * 


HTTO.1 1 1 vs^ 




2. 


voU-ps, 


»oips 


voti-ois, (xoioTs) 


rrotoiris 


TIVE 


D. 


3. 
1. 


TOU-p, 


iro«p 


to(c-oi, (iroioT) 


woiolri 


AND 
OPTA- 
TIVE. 




2. 


woii-trroy, 


rotijroy 


TOK-OITOV, TOtOtTOV 


(muhrroy) 




8. 


rotc-rfrov, 


*<HTJTOI> 


■wou-olrQy, roioiniv 


(votoilrriiv) 


P. 


1. 


*oit-a>iMV, 


Tot&iity 


*oi4-otpi*y, voioi/icv 


(Trowlrifier) 






2. 


xoti-irrt, 


TOnJT* 


voic-oire, toioht 


(x(MOI1)Tt) 1 






3. 


Toii-u<ri{v), 


■jroim<ri(v) 


voU-oitVj -Bounty 





Infinitive, l™ 4 ?"' Partioiple, /™»{-»» ««e'-o«ra, wo,4oy, 
\rottty. r ' (roucy, vatoixra, trotauy. 

Contractions of E Verbs (voU-a). 

c c become «, mttt iroUu "« « become «, »oi«i rote?. 

ei| ,, 4], xoieT)Tov iroiJJTor. c oi „ ot, roi«u/u itoioi/u. 

CO ,, ov, woito/ity roiovfity. * « ov „ ov, iroUovai troiovr 

CD 



a>, xoiea row. e J) „ p, itokjjs xoijjs. 

* The forma in igr, te, are the more usual in the singular. 



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VOWEL STEMS CONTBACTED. 

wote-ft), I make (Verb-Stem wok). 

MIDDLE AND PASSIVE. 



73 



Hood. 


1 


i 


Principal. 


Historical. 








Present. 


Imperfect. 




ti. 


1. Trou-opai, 


voiovfiai 


t-iroie-<ijm)v, iToioifir)i> 






2. J tom'-j;, 


»oip 


4-iroit-ov, ivoiov 






3.' Toie'-trai, 


voieirtu 


^•voU-ero, i-roturo 


Indica- 


D. 


1. itoi(-6iu0ov, 


■xoioifitOov 


t-Toif-6nt0or, inoioiiuiov 


tive. 




2j Troii-taBov, 


irottTtrSov 


i-icoU-eo6ov, iiroieicrBov 






3.' *-o«'-«(T0o»', 


votutrOoy 


i-iroie-€oOitv, iirouladltv 




P. 


1. iroie-d/xffla. 


ToioifieBa 


i-Troie-6/i(6a, iToioi/uSa 






2J T«if-£<r8e, 


xoifTtrBe 


l-iroii-taBe, iiroifi<r9f 




sr 


3 ( TOte-OJTlXI, 

2. wotc-ou, 


•KOlOVVTal 

troiov 


i-note-oyro, iitoiovna 










3. Troii-itrQo)^ 


■Koitlo&ta 




Impeba- 


D. 


2J T0ii-f(T3ov, 
3.; iroie-.4<T8o)V, 


■noie'ttrBoy 






P. 


2. wote-€<r0€, 

3. Troie-eVflaxra** 


iroie?a8f 
TroLeiirOaxrav \ 
iroieitrOay j 

wtive. 










Troit'iaBwVi 










Subju 


Optative. 




S. 


1. 


itoU~w/xcu, 


TTOKOftai 


voif-oifiTiy, Troioifiriy 






2. 


■*oti-y, 


iroip 


■KOlt-OlO, WOlOiO 


SUBJUNO 




3. 


■KoU-tirai, 


iroojrai 


■KOli-OlTO, WOUUTO 


TIVE 


D. 


1. 


Troie-ia/j-cOov, 


TCOl(&ne0OV 


Toif-oi/itioy, ■xmointOov 


AND 




2. 


iroie-Tia&ov, 


woiZfftov 


wot4-ouT0oy, itoioiotov 


Optative. 




3. 


voU-tj(t6qv, 


Troi?,a6ov 


irot€-oia6Tjy, Toiol<r6rjv 




P. 


1. 


iroie-c»fj.eOa, 


voidfieBa 


Toi€-o//ie6a. voioifxeQa 






2. 


irot4-ri<r$t, 


troiTJaOe 


XOI€-Oi(T0f, TTOtOlffOe 






3. 


troU-ayrcUj 


•Koiuyrai 


xoie-ouro, iroioipTo 



Infinitive, {-^ Participle, { 



roif-6/i.eyos, -V, -OV, 
iroiavfieyos, -i), -op. 





Active. 


Middle. 


Passive. i 


Future, 

1 AOBIBT, 

"1 Perfect, 


TOnf-<TG0 


TOl^-CTO/iOl 


iroai-(Mi<rofmi 


4-Tcolr)-<n 


i-TroiTi-aAfiriy 


i-irorfi-Briv 


irt-irolri-Ka 


nt-irolri-fuu 


TC-mtti-luu 



Verbals, xonj-T<fe, *oii|-Wos. 



Digitized by 



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74 



XIX. — VOWEL STEMS CONTRACTED. 



Stems in O. 



ACTIVE. 



Moou. 


i 

a 


i 


PbDJCIPAL. 


HlSTOBICAL. 








Pretent. 




Imperfect. 




a 


1. 


BooAd-a, Sov\& 


^-oovAo-oy, 


iSoiAow 






2. 


tov\6-eis, tovAots 


4-SovKo-es, 


i&ovAovs 






3. 


Soi/\6-ei t oovAot 


^-Sot/Ao-e, 


iSoiAov 


Indica- 


D. 


1. 








tive. 




2.1 SovAtf-croi', SovAovroi-' 


i-Sov\6-fTOi 


, itiovAovroy 






3. 8ayAd'-eTo*', SovKovtov 


^-8oyAo-€Tiy*', e'SouAovnp' 




P. 


l.j $juA<f-o^«>', SouAoP/nec 


^-8oyA(f-o/i«» 


, iSovAov/xev 






2. 8»uA^-«t«, SjuAovtc 


^-8ouArf-«T«, 


iiovAovrt 




8. 


3. SauA<(-oi;<ri(v', SowAo5<r<(i') 
2. SyuAo-e, SayAov 


i-Joi/Ao-oi', 


iSoiAow 












3. JoaAo-eT», SouAoutm 






IMPERA- 


D. 


2. SjuAcJ-eroy, SouAovror 








H. $)v\'j-4r(av y SovKovTttty 






TIVE. 


P. 


2.' Soj\6'ire t SovKovre 
3. SouKo-iraxraft SovAoircuatw 


I 










touKo-6vTuv, ZovAoivTOV 










Subjunctive.. 




Optative. Or* 




S. 


1. 


$ov\6~a>, SovAw 


SovAfJ-oiitt, 


(SovAoi/ii) 


SovAoiriy 


Sub- 




2. 8ot/A<f-j7?, SoyAoty 


5oyA(J~ois, 


(SovAois) 


SovAoiris 


junc- 




3. 


SovAo'-p, Soi/Aoi 


SouA^-oi, 


(SovAo?) 


SovAoiri 


tive 


D. 


1. 










and 




2. 


$ov\6-7iToy t tovAuroy 


SoyA^-oiToc, 


SovAoerov 


SovAoitrroy 


Opta- 




3. 


SovAi-yroy, tovA&rov 


8oyAo-o(Tij«' 


SovAoItt)v 


SovAmtrjiv 


tive. 


P. 


1. 


Sov\6-wficy, SovAwjuev 


$ov\6-otftcy, 


SovAoT/ify 


ZovAoiyncy 






2. 


SovAd-TjTC, BovAwre 


SouAd-oire, 


SouAotVe 


SouAoiriTt 






3. 


8oyA<J-wtri(v), SovKaxn(y) 


SoyA^-oiev, 


SovAoUy 





l„B..:t:„„ / 8ouA^-«i», t,„»:»:„i« / tovA6-av, SovAi-owa, SouA6-oy, 
Infiu.t.v*. | Joi;W Paiticipb, | ^^ 8ouAoC(r0) "' 8oi)W . 



Contractions of O Verbs (8ov\6-a). 



o ( become ov, oov\o€tov HovAovtov. 
o t) » •» bovkoifrov iovK&rov. 
o o „ ov, bovXoofitv SovAovfifv. 
a a> „ o, SovK6a>/j.fv dov\S>ptv. 

• The forms in ijf, &c., are the more usual in the singular. 



o « become ot, iov\6ti SovXoL 
o ov „ ov, oovXoov fiouXoC. 
O 17 „ ot, SovXijg dovXoi. 



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VOWEL STEMS CONTRACTED. 



75 



8ovXo-o>, I enslave (Verb-Stem SovXo). 

MIDDLE AND PASSIVE. 



Hood. 


S3 & 


Principal. 


HISTORICAL. 






Present. 


Imperfect. 




a 1. 


Sov\i-ofuu, 


SovXov/uu 


l-fiovAo-o/ii}?, 4hovAov^T)v 




2. 


io»\i-ji, 


SovAoi 


t-Sovk6-ov, itiovAov 




3. 


tovki-trat, 


iovKovrcu "' 


i-iov\6-tro, ^SouAoOto 


Indica- 


D.I. 


$OV\O-6/J,(0OV, 


tov\oifi($oy 


4-SovKo-6fi(6ou, iSovKoi/ie9ov 


tive. 


2. 


ioo\i-co9ov, 


Bov\ov<r0ov 


4-$ov\A-t<r9or, lSov\ovo9ov 




a 


tw\4-t<r9oy, 


SovXovaBov 


i-Sou\o-4o9i\v, i6ov\oi<r$r)v 




p. l. 


5ov\o-6ii.(8a, 


Sov\oi/uSa 


4-Sov\o-6fjLt8a, 4Sov\o6fi€9a 




2. 


iovKi-taBe, 


Zov\ov<r0€ 


4~Sov\6-e<r0e t 4&ov\ova9€ 




3. 


Sov\6-omai, 


Bovkovvrai 


4~$ovA6-oyto 9 MovAovvto 




S. 2. 


$ov\6-ov, 


6ov\ov 






3. 


tiovXo-eaBai, 


5ov\oi<T0a> 




Impera- 


D. 2. 


Bo»\6-(a9oy, 


tov\ovo9oy 




3. 


So»\o-fo9uv, 


SovAoioQuv 






P. 2. 


Sov\i-(ir$(, 


tovkovaOe 






3. 


Sov\o-f<r8ct<r<w, tovKoioBmrav 


} 






BouKo-iaiuv, 


Sov\oi<r9wv 






Subjunctive. 


Optative. 




S. 1. 


SouA^-uftcu, 


SovA&pai 


$0vAo-olfi7)V, Bovkolfllll/ 


Subjusc- 


2. 
3. 


Bov\4-T), 

tovkbrjTai, 


SovAoi 
SovAvtcu 


8ov\6~oio, BouKoTo 
8ovk6-otTo, BovKoiro 




D. 1. 


tovKo-djitSoy, 


SouAc&fieOov 


Sov\o-olfit9oy, SovAol/it0ov 


Opta- 


2. 


Hou\6-7ia8oy, 


Bov\H>ardov 


tovhi-oioBov, SovAotaBov 


3. 


Sov\6-ijff0ov t 


Bovkwativv 


Sov\o-ol<r9iiy, iov\ola8i\y 




P. 1. 


fiov\o-&neQa t 


SovKtopeBa 


SovAo-ol/tcda, Bov\oifx(8a 




2. 


iou\6-Ti<r9(, 


SovAucrBe 


Sovki-ourBf, tovkotcrBe 




3. 


Sov\6-uyrat, 


tovAuvrcu 


Sov\6~oivto, tovKoiyro 



***«"> {£&£• Partid P le ' {SS5&C-T 





Active. 


Middle. 


Passive. 


Future, 


8ouA.<£-<ra 


3ofjA<6-<ro/uu 


§ovX<a-64)<roficu 


1 AORIST, 


4-$ov\w-<ra 


4-Sov\<D~crdfj,^y 


i-^QV\(i)-BT)V 


1 PERFECT, 5e-Boi5\w-/ca 


$c-Zo{>\a>-iiai 


$€~$OV\a>-fJAH 



Verbals, Sov\u*t6s, $ov\w*t4qs. 



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( 76 ) 



XX.— DECLENSION OF PARTICIPLES OF 
VERBS IN il UNCONTRACTED. 

1. Participles in -atv, -ovcra, -ov (Stem ovt), as AiW, 
Xwrcof, &c, are declined like ww on p. 27. 

2. The 1 Aorist Participle Active in -as, -Sura, -ay (Stem 
»vt)> as Xixras, Xvcracra, Xwrav, is declined like xas on p. 26. 

3. The Perfect Participle Active in -os, -via, -os (Stem 
ot) and the 1 Aorist Passive in -Qm, -Otura, -Oev (Stem 
8«vt) and the 2 Aorist Passive in -as, -euro, -a> (Stem 
«vt) are thus declined : — 





Maac. 


Fern. 


Neut. 


Sing. 








Nom. 


XfXvKUS 


XeXvKvTa 


XfXvKOS 


Gen. 


XtXvKCTOS 


XtXvKvias 


XfXvKoros 


Dot. 


\(\vk6ti 


XfXvmia 


XtXvKon 


Ace. 


\(\vKara 


XtXvKvlav 


XfXvKOt 


Dual. 








N.A. 


XtXvKcrt 


XtXvKvia 


XtXvKor* 


G.B. 


XtXvKOTOlV 


XikvKviaiv 


XcXvkAtchv 


Plural. 








Nam. 


XtXvKm-fs 


XtXvKviai 


XtXvic&ra 


Gen. 


XeXvKorau 


XtXvKvlav 


XtXvKarav 


Bat. 


XtXvKo<ri(y) 


XeXvKvicus 


XfXvn6<rt(v) 


Ace. 


XtXv<Aras 


XtXvKvias 


XfXvKdra 





Maso. 


Fern. 


Neut. 


Sing. 

Nom. 


XvBtis 


Xv6(iara 


Xv6b> 


Gen. 


Xvdtvros 


XvOtiaris 


XvBivTos 


Bat. 


Xvdtvri 


XvOtioTi 


Xv6ivn 


Ace. 


Xvdtvra 


XvBfiaav 


Xv6iv 


DuaL 








N.A. 


Xvdevrt 


XvBtica 


\v6bm 


G.D. 


Xv&fvroiv 


Xvdfiaaiv 


XvOhiroiv 


Plural. 








Nom. 


\v6ivrts 


XvBtlcrai 


XvOivra 


Gen. 


Xvdtvrau 


XvBeurav 


Xv&cvrav 


Bat. 


Xv6tun(v) 


Xvdeicais 


XvOtict^v) 


Ace. 


\v04vras 


XvBticas 


XvObrra 



^ 



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( 77 ) 

XXI.— EXERCISES ON THE ACTIVE VOICE 
OF VERBS IN Q, UNCONTRACTED. 

1. Present and Imperfect Tenses. 

The Present-Stem is the form which remains after 
rejecting <■> in the 1 Sing. Pres. Act 

The Imperfect Tense is formed from the Present by 
prefixing the Augment, and changing a> into ov : as, Pres. 
TW7TT-«i), 1 strike ; Imp. i-rvwr-ov, I was striking ; Pres. Xv-ai, 
I loose ; Imp. i-Xv-ov, I was loosing. 

The Augment, as already explained (p. 53), is prefixed 
to all the Historical Tenses of the Indicative, but not of 
the other Moods. It is, 

1. Syllabic, that is, with the syllable e prefixed, when 
the verb begins with a consonant : as l-rvm-ov, t-Xv-ov. 

Note. — When the verb begins with p, tho p is doubled : as, frlrr-u, 
I hurl, t-ppm-ov. 

2. Temporal, that is, with the initial vowel lengthened, 
when the verb begins with a vowel : 

: ayo), I lead Imperf. riyov 

; Ikavvu), I drive „ rjXaw-ov 

oV«St£a>, I reproach „ cWot^-ov 

; ' uccrcvb), I beseech „ 'iKtrcv-ov 

: 'vjSpL£fi>, I insult „ '&/ipi£-ov 

; aurOdvo/iai, I perceive „ -gaOav-o/iriv 

: av£avta, I increase „ 7]v$av-ov 

; oucrtipm, I pity „ wtcrtip-ov 

Before vowels, a becomes a, not i\ : '3io>, I hear, 'diov. 
The long vowels -q, co, Z, v, and usually the diphthongs 
«, ev, ov, remain without Augment. 

Note. — e becomes ei (instead of ij) in some verbs, viz. in iiu, I allow ; 
i$l(a, I become accustomed ; i\la<ru, I roll ; i*jcu or tKicvti, I draw ; 
iirofiai, I follow ; ipyifafitu, I work ; ipn> or ipirifa, I creep ; iatiiu, 
I entertain hospitably ; ix<°> I have. 

Verbs compounded with a Preposition have the Aug- 
ment between the Preposition and the Verb : as, 

cla-tf>tp-a>, I carry to, Imperf. tlo--t-<j>ep-ov 

xpoo--ay-(D, I lead to, „ irpoo~-^y-ov 

€K-/}aAA-<i>, I cast out, „ i£-i-/2aXX-ur 

o-vX-Xiy-to, I collect, „ ow-t-Xey-onf 

t/1-PaXX.-w, I throw in, „ ev-i-fiaXX-ov 



a 


to 


V 


e 


» 


V 


o 


>J 


<u 


i 

V 




z 

V 


ai 


» 


V 


av 


» 


rp> 


Ol 


» 


V 



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78 PRESENT AND IMPERFECT ACTIVE. 

Note. — 4k becomes i( before (he Augment. aiv, with, and lr, in 
which are altered by assimilation in the Present, appear with their 
original consonants before the Augment. 

The final vowel of a Preposition is elided before the 
Augment : as, a.iro-<pip-<a, I carry away ; Imperf. air-t-<f>tp-ov. 
But Trepi and vpo are exceptions and never lose their final 
vowel. 

The Present-Stem is not always the same as the Verb- 
Stem, but is an enlargement of the latter. Hence the 
Present-Stem may be divided into four classes : 

1. First Class (unenlarged formation) — 

The Present-Stem is the same as the Verb-Stem. This 
comprises first of all the pure verbs, i.e. verbs whose Stem 
ends in a vowel, and many others besides : Tt/xd-w, 8ov\6-m, 
iroiSeu-u, I educate; Au-o>, I loose; tho, I honour; op^-w, I 
rule ; ay-ut, I lead ; \ey-w, I say. 

2. Second Class (lengthened formation)— 

In which the Verb-Stem is lengthened in the Present- 
Stem by a diphthong or a long vowel : as, 

<ptvy-m, I flee Verb-Stem +vy (<f>vy-q, flight, L&t.'fuga) 

AtMr-d), I leave „ „ Xnr 

ir«0-a>, I persuade „ „ mfl (m0-avo-s, persuasive) 

tijk-<i), I melt „ „ t&k 

rpip-u>,Irub „ „ Tptp 

3. Third Class (T formation) — 

The Present-Stem affixes t to the Verb-Stem. This 
comprises only Verb-Stems ending in Labials : as, 
tvtt-t-io, I strike Verb-Stem iw (twtos, stroke) 
/?AdV-r-ti>, I injure „ „ {5Xa0 (/JAa/fy, injury) 
/3<mt-t-<i>, I dip „ „ Pa4> 0axpy, a dip) 

4. Fourth Class (I formation) — 

The Present-Stem adds i to the Verb-Stem. The i is 
here subject to various changes and transpositions, viz. : 

(a.) The Gutturals k, y, ^ form with i the group o-o- 
(New-Att. tt) : 

<pv\a,<r<ro>, I guard, instead of <f>v\ouau, Verb-Stem 4>vXak (tpvXajch, 

a guard) 
ritrtra, I arrange, „ Tarym, „ ray (ray6s, arranger) 

rapiaau, I confute „ rapaxw » '"»P X ( T "P"x4t 

confusion) 



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TRESENT AND IMPERFECT ACTIVE. 79 

(h.) 8, and more rarely y, with i form £ : ?£o/xcu, I sit, 
instead of tSio^ai, Verb-Stem 48 (18-os, seat, Lat. sedes); 
Kpa£fi>, I cry, instead of Kpayua, Verb-Stem Kpay. 

(c.) X with i forms XX : 

fiiKKa, I throw, for /3o\i«i, Verb-Stem |5aX ($4\-os, a «ftot) 
&Woy.tu, I leap „ a\ton<u „ dX [»aJ-»'-o] 

rlWa, I pluck „ TiAiw „ Tl\ 

(if.) v and p throw the i into the preceding syllable of 
the Stem : 

tiIvu, I stretch, for rtvta, Verb-Stem tcv (toV-o-j, a stretching, 

Lut ieruio) 
tpBelpa, I corrupt „ <pOtpu* „ Aflcp (tpBop-d, corruption) 

(paira, I tthote „ (paviui „ 90V (&-^eu<-^j, invisible) 



Exercisk XXXV. 

The Indicative and Imperative Moods. 

Rule 20. — The Prepositions in Greek govern either the 
Genitive, or the Dative, or the Accusative case. As a 
general rule Prepositions signifying motion from govern 
the Genitive ; those signifying motion to govern the Accu- 
sative ; and those signifying rest or proximity govern the 
Dative. (See further, Syntax, § 25.) Hence in the fol- 
lowing exercise irpds, to, governs the Accusative. 

A. — 1. IxOaipia kclkov avSpa. 2. avavrts t)(6aipop.€V kokoV 
avSpa. 3. Tj 68os irpos rijv irdXiv ayu. 4. Suo oSo) wpbs ttjv 
TrdAtv ayerov. 5. Suo (iot to aporpov aytrov. 6. ol iroXirai tovs 
vop.oiK <pv\arr6vrusv. 7. craipos trcupav tppovri^ero)* 8. iraryp 
re Kal fiijfrrip irpovoiav i^ermv tj}s rua> tIkviov iratSctat. 9. ore 
oi "EXXijves iirXrp-talfiV, ol /3ap/3apoi atrttfxvyov. 10. 0(/»kt- 
tokXiJs k<u 'AptaTCtSi/s irore «rTao-ia£en;i'. 

1. You hate a wicked man. 2. All of you (say ye all) hate 
wicked men. 3. The roads lead to the city. 4. Two oxen were 
drawing the plough. 5. Let the citizen guard the laws. 6. Let 
companions care for companions. 7. Let the fathers have fore- 
thought for the education (gen.) of the children. 8. The citizens 
were guarding the laws. 9. When the Persians were drawing-near, 
the citizens fled away. 10. All of us (say we all) were at variance 
once-upon-a-time. 

^poiri'fw, to care for, governs tbc Genitive awe. 



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80 PBESENT AND IMPERFECT TENSES. 



The Subjunctive and Optative Moodt. 

Eule 21. — In sentences expressing an object or purpose 
introduced by the conjunctions Iva, £y>, ottw, tn order that, 
that, the Subjunctive is used when the preceding sentence 
has a Principal tense, and the Optative when the preceding 
sentence has an Historical tense (see p. 51) : as, 

6 irot/xrjv Kwas rpiipei, iva rovs Aukots oiro runr irpo/JdVcov 
airtpvKwriv, the shepherd rears dogs, in order that they may 
keep-off the wolves from the sheep. 

6 iroip.rpr kuvos «xpe<£tv, iva tovs Avkovs a7ro tw irpofidrmv 
wirtovKoitv, the shepherd was rearing dogs, in order that they 
might keep-off the wolves from the sheep. 

The Preposition aw6,from, governs the Genitive case. 

B. — 1. Kvvas Tpi<f>ofx.a>, Tva tots Avkovs airb tS>v jrpo/Mnov 
airtpvKuxriv, 2. Kiivas crpc^o/icv, iva tovs Xvkovs airo rS>v irpo- 
fiaTiov airtpvKoiev. 3. 6 irats T(3 irarpl poSov tpipu, iva \aCpy. 
4. 6 irais T<p irarpi poSov ifepcv, Iva yaipoi. 5. 17 f-vrrip rjj 
Ovyarpl aritpavov tpcpci, iva xaiprg. 6. r) p-rfnip rfj Qvyarpl 
trrc<f>avov itptpcv, Iva ^alpoi. 7. p.rj <f>evyu>p.ev* & iraipoi, dAAa 
KaXcas airoOvTJ<rKtap.€v jrcpi tjjs irarpiSos. 8. Turo~a<ptpvr)s 2«- 
/3aAAc top Kvpov wpos tov docA^ov, <!><; cjrt/JovAcvoif aurai. 
9. diroTpeiroiT€,J & Qtoi, rb Stivov &<f> rjp.S>v. 10. ev Aeyowiv, 
iva rijv So^av i-ijs operas Aa/AjSavaxriv. 

1. He speaks well, in-order-that he may obtain the reputation 
of valour. 2. He spoke well, in-order-that he might obtain the 
reputation of valour. 3. The shepherds rear dogs, in-order-that 
they may keep-off the wolves from the sheep. 4. The shepherds 
reared dogs, in-order-that they might keep-off the wolves from the 
sheep. 5. The children bring roses to the fathers, in-order-that they 
may rejoice. 6. The children brought roses to the fathers, in-order- 
that they might rejoice. 7. Let us not obtain the reputation of 
cowardice. 8. Tissaphernes was calumniating Cyrus to the king, 
(saying) that he was plotting-against him. 9. May God avert the 
danger from you. 10. May the gods avert the danger from you. 

* Like Latin ne with Subjunctive to denote mutual encouragement : let ut not flee. 

+ cmSovAevw, to flat against, governs the Dative case. 

J On the use of the Optative expressing a wish, see Bute 19, p. 66, 



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ftjtube and fibst aorist active. 81 



Infinitive Mood and Participle. 

Rule 22. — The latter of two verbs is put in the Infini- 
tive : as, idiXut Tpe<f>civ Imrovs, I wish to rear horses. 

Rule 23. — The article with the participle is frequently 
*to be translated by he who, that which : as, 6 koXw irpdrriov, 
he who does well. 

C. — 1. ov \aXtir6v eoti Kvvas rpi<j>av. 2. ol iraXaiol <reXrjvr/i 
cv6p.i£ov 6tov civtu. 3. K/wyres rovs wai&xs CKtkcvov tovs 
vo/jums fw.v6d.vuv. 4. tu KaA.uk irparrovri iraaa yrj irarpi's 
iamv. 5. xakeirov am w/>os yatrrtpa Xcyw &ra ovk <^ovo~av. 
6. iySioros Odvaros t<m £w6vyaKuv 6vtqctkov<ti <f>CXois. 7. 
forty ij irpop.rfiia «ai t<3 Aeyovri <cai r<j> kAvovu ov/ipaXK. 
8. oi Aiyv7moi Odirrovai rois v«poiis rapi^evon-es. 9. ot 
"Ptu/iaioi 6dirrowji tous vcxpovs jcaibvrcs. 10. Kvpos imrevai' 
iw.v6d.viav ejfaxpev. 

1. It is very difficult to rear horses. 2. It is difficult to admire 
this man. 3. It is difficult to bear (fa'pw) all these-things. 4. The 
ancients considered the sun to be a god. 5. The father ordered 
the boy to learn the laws. 6. To those who do well (we participle) 
every land is a native-land. 7. The most pleasant death is to-die- 
along-with a friend (who is) dying. 8. The boys rejoiced (at) 
learning to ride. 9. Forethought is an ally both to those- who speak 
(use participle), and to those-who hear (use participle). 10. The 
Egyptians bury the dead (by) embalming, and the Romans (by) 
burning. 

2. The Future and First Aorist. 

The Future is formed by adding o-<o to the Stem of the 
verb : as A.v-o-<o, I shall loose, from Stem Xv ; Pres. Xv-m. 

The First Aorist is formed by prefixing the Augment 
and adding cro to the Stem of the verb : as l-Au-o-a, I loosed 
from Stem Xv ; Pres. X6-<o. 

Kotb. — Verbs which have a lengthened formation in the Present 
(Second Class, p. 78) have also the lengthened Stem in the Future : 
as \flir-a, Aefyw. 

Rule 24. — The particle ov denotes a condition either 
expressed or understood. 



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82 FUTURE AND FIBST AOKIST ACTIVE. 

Exercise XXXVI. 

Stems ending in a Vowel. 

A. — 1 . 01 crrparuarai rr]V irdAiv avo rS>v voXxpuav aTroXvarovmv. 
2. 6 xprjcrros avOpwiros Kal* tois iKyovots <pvTevcru. 3. 6 dyye- 
Aos iirrfyye\X.€ tois iroAirais, on ot iroXcyiuoi t$ <rrpar€v/uiTi 
«irij8ovAtwotev. 4. 'A^tXXnis ' Aya/xt/xvovi Iprjvuftv. 5. irplv 
av apjpolv p.\#ov &Kovo-rp, p.t) 8iKa£c. 6. ol AcuctSai/ocwtoi UAa- 
raias KariXvcrav. 7. tis av n-iortweit ^evorjj; 8. 6 ayytAos 
€5n7yy£AA«i', on oi iroXt/Aioi TJ} arparuq. i-iriftovkevaetav. 9. okou- 
0-oV /tov, u» 0tXe. 10. iraxpos iraipw irio-reuo-aTo*. 

1. You will free the city from the enemies. 2. Good men will 
plant for their descendants also. 3. Achilles and Agamemnon were 
angry-with (dual) one another. 4. Judge not (pi.), before (irplv av 
■with subj.) you have heard the account of both. 5. Thou canst- 
not trust (opt. with av) a liar. 6. Hear me, friends ! 7. Friends 
should trust (imperat.) friends. 8. The enemies will plot-against 
the army. 9. The enemies plotted-against the armies. 10. The 
Lacedaemonians destroyed the city. 

• Also. 



Stems ending in a Mute. 
The following rules must be borne in mind : — 

1. its, j8s, <£s become tj/: hence tv^u, I will strike ; hwpcu, 
I struck (instead of rvK-crut. i-rxnr-a-a). 

2. ks, ys, x« become (: hence A«£<o, I will speak; 2\c£a, 
I spoke (instead of Aey-o-o>, e-Aey-o-a). 

3. ts, 8s, 0s become s: hence <ppaxr<i>, I will explain; 
l<ppacrcL, I explained (instead of <ppa&-o~<i>, i-<ppaZ-aa). 

The Preposition tis, into, to, governs the Accusative. 

B. — 1. oi oTpariSnaL <pv\a£owt. ttjv iroKa/. 2. irav cot 
<ppatTU>. 3. ovScis ire /3X.a\j/u. 4. 6 Odvaros <re tS>v kokoiv 
diraAAafti. 5. is aXrfirj ovra. Xtito aoi, a p.iWa> Xeyav. 
6. iripxfiov Tiva. fip.iv ayyeXov. 7. 2o<j!>oicA.i}s eypcuf/t Spa/uxra 
tKarbv TpiaKovra. 8. ovocis iiribv av eawrov fikoAJ/ucv. 9. al 
iroXcrai Ta ToC iroirrrov oara iv 177 dyopp t6axj/av. 10. Hpop.rj- 
6evs to Trvp KXc'i/ras (KopMrev «s dvflpanrous. 

1. He will guard the city. 2. We will explain to you every- 
thing. 3. The sophists will injure you. 4. Death delivered the 
men from evils. 5. We will tell you as being true (the things) 
which we are-about to say. 6. The general sent a messenger to 



\ 



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FUTTJBE AKD FIRST AOBIST ACTIVE. 83 

yon. 7. The poet will write seven dramas. 8. The sons willingly 
(use adjective) would not injure themselves (5v with opt.). 9. The 
king will hury the bones of the poet in the city. 10. The young- 
men having stolen the crowns carried (them) into the temple. 



Liquid stems, X, p., v, p. 

In the Future of Liquid Stems cra> is added to the Stem 
by means of the connecting vowel « : but o- disappears 
between the two vowels, and tm is contracted into <■>: 
hence dyycX-e-o-a> = ayytk-eu = dyytXi (the last being the 
ordinary form), I mill announce, from Stem dyy«X. Pres. 
ayytXXm. ayytXm, being a contraction, is thus conjugated : 

Sing. 6\yytXS> ayytXtls dyycXci 

Dual. ayytXtlrov dyytXtiTOi' 

Plur. dyycXofyiev dyycXeiTt dyyeXovox 

Note. — Several Stems in e (Pres. «»), oS (Pres. df»), and i5 (Pres. 
j£a>), in like manner drop the a in the Future between two vowels. 
Those in e and a5 then contract the vowels e and a with the contract 
vowel : t«X^-o>, 1 complete, TtK(-aw, Te\4a>, t(\& ; * 1 Plur. Tthiopev, 
re\ov fi(y (mia the Present); fiifiifa, I bring, 0if)icrw, 0if)iu> t pifta; 
1 Plur. fSiPdoixtv, fiifiunev. Stems in iS after dropping the a insert «■, 
which is contracted with tiic following vowel; tconifa, I carry, xoitt-aa, 
koiu-4-w, Ko/iiu,l Plur. Kofudo)i€y, Ko/uov/icy. This form of the Future 
is called the Attic. 

In the First Aorist a only is added (instead of era); 
but compensation is made for the omission of o- by length- 
ening the preceding vowel of the Stem : as TJyy«X-a, I 
announced, from Stem &yy«X> Pres. dyye'XXa>: t-orreip-a, 
I sowed, from Stem <nrep, Pres. o-irup-u> : i-arip-qv-a, I gave 
a signal, from Stem <n]u,a>, Pres. o-qpaiv-m : evfoava, I glad- 
dened, from Stem :4<ppa •, Pres. twf>paivo>. 

C. — 1. eraptis Toy Tarptoov oikov. 2. o~7repu> yuas, 6 8c 6e6s 
av^rjaw irapi(ti. 3. eyu> our ipavrbv ovrt <r dXyuvai. 4. owe 
eyci o*e airoKT(vu), aXX 6 Ti/s ttoAcius vop.o<;. 5. 'ApTo^cp^Tjs 
avXXap.fSai'u Kvpov coj ttJTOKTO'cuv. 6. 2o>Kpdri}V t6v aotpov 
airiicTuvav oi 'A^wuoi. 7. x a ^ e,ro '*' «""i Staxpivai Toy KoXa/ca 
koI Toy <f>CXov. 8. ras Svoru^ias KpvirTf, tva p.i] Toiis ix.6povs 
eixppaings. 9. YaXorfis ctv eyu> SovXctay vTrofieivat.pt. 10. oi 
toB 'OoW<r«u>s cYaipoi licrtiyai' tos fiovs rov 'AiroXXwyos. 

* It must be remembered th.it the generality of Verbs In <u Unythen the < in the 
Future, aa iroieu. iroujau (p. 73). 



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84 FIBST PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT ACTIVE. 

1. The son will raise his (say the) paternal house. 2. Wo will 
sow the fields, but the gods will grant the increase. 3. We will 
pain neither ourselves nor you. 4. We will not kill you, but the 
laws of the city (will). 5. The soldiers seize the general, intending- 
to-kill him (use as with fut. participle). 6. The Athenians will kill 
Socrates, the wise (man). 7. The citizens did not distinguish the 
flatterers and the friends. 8. With-dimculty should we submit-to 
slavery. 9. The companions of Ulysses will kill the oxen of Apollo. 
10. He concealed his (say the) misfortunes, in order that he might 
not gladden his enemies. 

3. First Perfect and Pluperfect Tenses. 

Eeduplication is the characteristic of all the Perfect 
Tenses, and is retained through all the moods and parti- 
ciples. (See p. 53.) In Verbs compounded with Pre- 
positions, it is put, like the Augment, between the 
Preposition and the Verb. 

In Verbs beginning with one consonant, Eeduplication 
consists in repeating the first consonant of the Stem with 
e : as Xe-Xv «a, I have loosed, from Stem Xv, Pres. Xv-m. 

An aspirate at the beginning of a word is represented 
by the corresponding tenuis : as, Tt-dv-Ka, I have sacrificed, 
from Stem <h>, Pres. 6i<a. 

In Verbs beginning with two consonants, or a double 
consonant, or with p, e only is used for the Eeduplication : 
as, t-oraA-Ka, I have sent, from Stem <mX, Pres. ariXXm : 
l-Zjfrtj-Ka, I have sought, from Stem \vt**> Pres. fr/rem : *-ppi<£-a, 
I have thrown, from Stem £wj>, Pres. ptVno. (Note that the 
p is doubled.) But a mute and a liquid (A, p., v, p) are 
regarded as one consonant, and hence Verbs beginning 
with a mute followed by a liquid take a Eeduplication of 
the mute : as, yt-ypa<p-a, I have written, from Stem ypa<|>, 

Pres. ypdffxj). 

In Verbs beginning with a vowel the initial vowel is 
lengthened as in the Temporal Augment: as, elp&u-ica, I 
have raised up, from Stem 6p9o, Pres. 6p66ta. Whenever the 
Augment (either Temporal or Syllabic) is used in place 
of Eeduplication, it is carried through all the moods, like 
the Eeduplication with a consonant. 

The First Perfect is the more recent form, and is the 
only one used with Vowel-Stems, and with derivate and 
compound Verbs. (See p. 53.) It is formed by prefixing 
the Eeduplication, and adding mora. 



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FIKST PEBFECT AND PLUPERFECT ACTIVE. 



85 



Stem. 


Present 


Xv 


Xwo 


ivur 


ayvno 


*te 


TTtffl<0 


♦pa* 


<f>pd£a> 


&n& 


dyyeAAai 


imp 


awtipw 


KpXy 


KptViO 


4&v 


<paiv<o 



1. tea is added to Stems ending in vowels, the dental 
mutes, and the liquids : as, 

Perfect 

Ac-Xvko, I have loosened 
fyv-Ka, I have accomplished 
wi-va-Ka, I have persuaded 
irir<j>pa-Ka, I have explained 
ijyyeX-iea, I have announced 
t-cnrap-ico, I have sown 
Kt-Kpi-Ka, I have judged 
iri-^ay-Ka, I have shewn ' 

Note 1. — Stems ending in a dental mute drop the dental before fto. 
The liquids A, p remain unchanged. Either v is also dropped, as 
itl-Kpi-Ka, or it is changed into y (the guttural n) before /to, as 
m4-<pay-Ka. 

2.— With respect to the vowel of the Verb-Stem, the First Perfect 
follows the Future : hence ir^-rt i-ko, Fut. jcei-aa, Pres. irtl8-n>, Stem inflt 

8. — Monosyllabic Stems in A, y, p, having ( in the Stem, change this 
t in the First Perf. into a : Stem trrA, inVAAw, I tend, Perf. ?-<ttoA-*o; 
Stem 4>6tp, <p0flfm, I destroy, Perf. l-<p9ap-Ka, 

2. & is added to Stems ending in the labial and guttural 
mutes: as, 

Perfect. Stem. Present 

T€-rv<pa, I have struck rwr rxmra 

X£~Xu<f>a, I have poured Xcifi Xdfiio 

ye-ypa<po, J have written W^t* ypaxfxn 

irtrnXt^a, I have woven irXoc itXikio 

Tt-Toxo, I have arranged T07 too-o-o) 

/?€-/?pexa, J Aaee wetted ftwx Pp^X 01 - 

The First Pluperfect is formed from the First Perfect 
by prefixing the Augment and changing a into civ: as, 
i-Xc-Xv-Ketv, I had loosed ; i-re-rvipew, I had struck. 

Exercise XXXVII. 

Stems ending in a Vowel. 

A. — 1. 01 OTpaiwrai ttjv iroXiv diro rm> iroXtfUOiv airoXcXij- 
Kauriv. 2. 01 troXipxoi (Karbv TroXiras irtfaveuKcunv. 3. $«pe- 
kvoj/s ovStn &$ riOvKfV. 4. vtos jr«j(>VKoi>s jroAAa ^rjara 
ixa.v6a.vc. 5. 6 /xowis Ta /itAAowa* icaAuis TreTrpotpr/revKev. 

* tA fieAAovrasthings about to be, te. the future. 



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86 FIRST PEBFECT AND PLUPERFECT ACTIVE. 

6. ra reKva tv irtiratSevKas. 7. M^Scta to TtKva irttpovevicmai 
c^aipey. 8. oi AaKcSat/toVtot nXarcuat KaTt\.e\vK€<rav. 9. 2ap- 
cavairaXos otoXtji/ ywawceiav cpcScSincct. 10. ore ^Xtos KaT«8«- 
8uk«, oi iroXtyuot iirMjvlaiov. 1 1 . ' AXe'£av8pos iroXXaiv ^pij/xarcov 

<KCKVplCVK<t. 

1. The soldiers had delivered the city from the enemies. 2. The 
enemies had murdered fifty citizens. 3. The prophet had prophesied 
the future (n. pi.) well. 4. They have brought up their (say the) 
children well. 5. Medea has murdered her (say the) children. 
C. The Lacedemonians have destroyed Platsese. 7. The men have 
put-on women's (use adj.) robes. 8. We admired the woman who- 
had-put-on (use participle) a beautiful robe. 9. The general has 
become master of much property (say many things). 10. The 
soldiers having murdered the citizens rejoiced. 



Stems ending in a Labial or Guttural Mute. 

B. — 1. 6 jrats tov ovov Tcrvtpev. 2. oi 7rai8ts tov ovov ereru- 
tptvav. 3. oi <f>iX6(ro<f>oi KaXov toC yqputs iyKia/uov iyeypaxptaav. 
4. 6 o-o<purrrp tt/v hrurroXriv iytypa<j>ti. 5. 0«6s rots av8ptL- 
irots to p.eXXov KiKaAvrpev. 6. 6 OTpaTrr/oi tow orpaTuiras ev 
©epfUwruXats erera^cu 7. oi iroX.ip.ioi. tos to£«s reTapa)(5xnv. 
8. 6 B«vo<£uw' to t^s 'Ayijo-tXdov Ovyarpos ovopa oi yeypaupev. 9 . 
o ipikaa-CKpos KaXov tov yrjpaK iyKiapaov yiypa<jxv. 10. oi aya0oi 
iroXtrat Tijv eaircw yvoSp.ip' t<3 t>)s iroX«os vo/ku viroT<TO^ao"iv. 

1. The boys have struck the ass. 2. The two-boys had struck 
the ass. 3. The two-philosophers have written a beautiful panegyric 
upon (say of) old-age. 4. The sophists have written a beautiful 
panegyric upon (say of) virtue. 5. The gods have concealed the 
future from men. 6. The generals had pofted the soldiers in Ther- 
mopylte. 7. The Athenians had thrown into confusion the ranks 
of the enemies. 8. The good citizens had subordinated their own 
opinion to the law of the state. 



Stems ending in a Dental Mute or a Liquid. 

C. — 1. tov iv KpiJiTj \apvpivOov KaTto-Kevdicti AcuoaXos. 
2. c7rip.eXa)S oi 6(ol iravTO KaTto-Ktvaicao-iv. 3. "O/irjpov /LtaXurra 
Tt6avp.a.Kap.a: 4. a7r«rraXKa* o~oi toco's tor Xdyov BZpov. 5. ot 
nepoai TroXXas vovs ti<s 'EXXaSa <MreoTaX»e«rai'. 6. ot 'AOrjvcuoi 
t'ws aXXous "EXXTpas iroXXaxts o-faiaKao-iv. 7. 6 /xavrts tous 

• lu air-c-TruA-jca tlio Sirm-vowvl t is ciuroged ill o a. See Note 3, p. 8S. 



^S 



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SECOND PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT ACTIVE. 87 

Tpicr^iXiovs Saptucovi 8ie<rt(rwK€i. 8. o Ktjpv$ ttjv vucijv tois 
Adtjvaiois -qyytkKev. 9. TeZj(os rcr€t)(iKu<Ttv. 10. «ri TpayipSia. 
2o«jioicAta fjuikiara rcCav/xcucas. 

1. Dadalus has prepared the labyrinth in Crete. 2. The gods 
had carefully prepared all-things. 3. They have admired Homer 
most-of-all. 4. The Greeks had admired Sophocles ruost-of-all in 
(on with dat.) tragedy. 5. We have sent to you this discourse 
(as)a gift. 6. We had sent to you these discourses (as) gifts. 
7. We have saved the other citizens. 8. The prophets had kept- 
safe the two-thousand darics. 9. The heralds had announced the 
victory to the Lacedaemonians. 10. The citizens had fortified the 
walls. 



4. Second Perfect and Pluperfect, and Second Aorist 
Tenses. 

The Second Perfect does not usually differ in meaning 
from the First I'erfect, nor tho Second Aorist from tho 
First Aorist. The Second Aorist and Second Perfect 
belong to Eoot Verbs (that is, Verbs containing the simple 
root), and are the older and rarer forms. But it must 
be observed that many Hoot Verbs have also tho First 
Perfect and First Aorist. 

When the same Verb has the two Perfects, the First 
Perfect generally has a transitive and the Second Perfect 
an intransitive meaning : as, 1 Perf. iri-irpaxa, I have done 
(anything) ; 2 Perf. irc-irpaya, I have fared, from irpaxro-a>, 
Stem -ffpa-y : 1 Perf. ire-im-Ka, J have persuaded ; 2 Perf. 
iri-woiO-a, I trust to, from irtC0-m, Stem iri(J. 

The Second Aorist is formed directly from the Stem by 
prefixing the Augment and adding ov. as t-A«r-ov, I left, 
Stem Xiir, Pres. \tiirm. 

Exercise XXXVIII. 

1. oi crrpaTiurrat ths rr/v ttoXiv i(ftvyov. 2. oi iv rjj iroXu 
(caToocowres * airt<j>vyov tis IleAcnrdi'wjo-oi'. 3. ipyov iar\ X.v7rrjv 
imfavyuv. 4. Kpouros, Av8S>v jSao-iAtvs, cwrejSaAe ttjv dp\-qv. 
5. Sira/marats afoxpbv tjv Ik /Jtax 1 ? 5 iiafmyeiv. 6. r) p.i\iTra to 
Karpov a.Trofiakovo'o. airo6vTqo-Ktt. 7. airo<j>vyoiT( tov <f>86vov. 
8. ri yXS>o~o-a iroAAous «s SKtdpw rryaytv.^ 9. fwXurra <f)vXd.T- 

• Contracted. See p. 12. f iyw has a reduplicated Secgiid Aorist, i/ya-yov. 



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88 SECOND PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT ACTIVE. 

t«t€ tovs vo funis, ous v/uv of irpoyovoi KartXiirov. 10. oi Aouce- 
oat/ioVtot eiae/SaXov ds ttjv 'Attooji'. 

1. The enemies fled into the city. 2. Those who-dwell (use 
prcs. part.*) in this city escaped into Attica. 3. The two-generals 
lost their (say the) army (orparos). 4. It is disgraceful for a 
general to lose his (say the) army. 5. Bees having lost their stings 
die. 6. The general having lost his army fled from the battle. 
7. May you escape (sing.) envy. 8. The Athenians invaded (el<r- 
|3dXXw followed by <tr) Peloponnesus. 9. The Athenians having 
invaded Peloponnesus fled from the battle. 10. We maintain (say 
guard) virtue, which our (say the) ancestors bequeathed (soy left- 
behind) to us. 

* Contracted. See p. 12. 

The Second Perfect is also formed directly from the 
Stem by prefixing the Eeduplication and adding a, but the 
vowel of the Stem is generally lengthened : as, 

Stem. Pres. Peril 

a after p becomes a : Kpa-y, Kpa£a>, I scream, Kt-Kpaya 

a otherwise becomes ■>; : wXfry, wAtjo-o-u), J strike, irt-vX^y-a 

<£&v, (paivm, I show, iri-<frqv-a 

C Decomes o : <rrp«|>, orptipu, I turn, t-<rrpo(p-a 

i „ oi : Xtir, \tmia, I leave, Xe-Xowr-o 

v „ «v : +vy, tptvyui, I flee, Trc-<j>evy-a 

The Second Pluperfect is formed from the Perfect 
by prefixing the Augment and changing a into «v: as, 
c-Xt-Xoiir-eti', fme-fpevy-av. 

Exercise XXXIX. 

1. iroXXot kokws ir€irpayaariv.^ 2. ttoXXoi tv" iireirp&ye<rav. 
3. 7roXXoi t£>v kok&s ireirpayoruyv <rw tois tv^ois tov vow diro- 
^SaXXowtv. 4. 6 mus irexMjyt tovs tinrovs. 5. oi orparto/rat 
«7c rrji p^-XfP "■<^<vyao"tv. 6. oi iroXep.uK «c tt}s fiaXH 9 ""■*"'«" 
tpevytaav. 7. oi ev rjj 7roXti KOTOtKovvrts aireir€<pcvy€<rav ets 
IltXojrdm^rov. 8. oi 'AOtjvaioi ry tov ©c/motokXcovs /SovXjj 
<cat yvibpvQ jrtrrotflao-tv. 9. oi 'Aftjvotot ttjv 7roXtv KareXcXot7r<o-av 
Kot *ts ras vavs aTreirt<p«vyf<rav. 10. oi 'A&jvatbt, tjJ tov ©tp-to - - 
tokX«ous ySovXj; /cat yvmfxrj irtiroiOorfS, ttjv 7roXtv KaTcXeXonrtcrar 
«cai £ts Tas vavs dir«re<£evy«7av. 

1. The two-citizens have fared badly. 2. The two-philosophers had 
fared well. 3. Those who-have-fared well (use part.) often lose their 
f n'trpaya, Ihave fared. 



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PRESENT AND IMPEBFEOT PASSIVE. 89 

(say the) mind with their (say the) fortunes. 4. The two-boys have 
struck the horse. 5. The two-boys had struck the horse. 6. The 
two-soidiers have fled from the battle. 7. The two-generals had 
fled from the battle. 8. The Athenians had trusted to the advice 
of Themistocles. 9. The Athenians have abandoned their (soy the) 
city and fled-for-refuge to their (say the) ships. 10. The Athenians 
having abandoned their (say the) city have fled-for-refuge to their 
(say the) ships. 



XXIL— EXEECISES ON THE PASSIVE AND 
MIDDLE VOICES OP VERBS IN fl UN- 
CONTRACTED. 

1. Present and Imperfect Tenses (Passive and Middle). 

The Present Tense Passive and Middle is formed from 
the Present-Stem by adding i*ai by means of the connecting 
vowel o : as, tuttt-o-iuu, I am struck (in a continuous sense) ; 
\v-o-pai, I am loosed (continued). 

The Imperfect Tense is formed from the Present by 
prefixing the Augment and changing o-fiai into o-pvnv : as, 
Imp. i-rvTrr-o-firp/, I was struck (continued) ; «-Av-o-p.ijv, 1 
teas loosed (continued). 

Exercise XL. 

Passive Voice. 

A. — 1. rptyerai y ijnyri rots fuiOripxunv. 2. Kvpos <x£ios 
e<m 6avpAZ,t(i6ax. 3. ol Utpcrai ivo/u^ovTO aXjafuwraroi. 
4. MiA-naS^s <uvo/xa£<TO atoTTjp rrjs 'EXXaSos. 5. Neoraip veos 
$yv irapa Tepr/vlois irpi<f>€TO. 6. ®tp.urroK\rp vrrb tcavrw 
ytyvtixTKerai. 7. 'HpaicX^s It' avSpeu} kcu traJ/taros pa>/«/ Oav- 
(td£iTiu. 8. al Movo-ai Aios «ai Mvrjp.oovvrjs dvyaripis eTvai 
Aeyoirat. 9. o! 'AOrjvaioi 'Epe)(OttSat iXtyovro ajro tov *Ep«X" 
OiuK, os avroxOutv Zjv. 10. 'Opiarrp 8ia rbv rrjs p,7jrpos KAu- 
Tat/AvrjrTpas <f>ovov i&uaKero wrd rmv 'Epivvmv. 

1. The philosophers deserve (say are worthy) to be admired. 

2. The Lacedaemonians are reckoned very brave. 3. The Lacedaj- 
monians were reckoned braver than the Athenians. 4. Miltiades 
and Themistocles were named saviours of Greece. 5. The sons 
of Xenophon are brought up among the Lacedaemonians. 6. The 



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90 PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT PASSIVE. 

sophists are admired by all. 7. Hercules was admired for (tVi) 
(his) bravery and strength of body. 8. Both-of-us (say we-two) 
were admired for (our) bravery and strength of body. 9. The 
young-men were said to be the sons of the general. 10. The 
sophists were known by all the citizens. 11. The young-men were 
pursued by the Furies on-account-of (6m with ace.) the murder 
of their (say the) mothers. 

Middle Voice and Deponent Verbs. 

B. — 1. ovStts per opy^s dtrtpaAtls fiovXtverau 2. iraWts 
aV0panrot /3ovAo/x€0a fS irparruv. 3. avopaVt tow ayaSoi? 
IjrtTai yvv>p.r) re /cat aiSws. 4. irevtav oAvttov puxXXov /JovAo/xat 
rj wXovrov iriKpov. 5. *k ina>)(!j}V evuoi. raxy irXova-ioi yiyvovrai. 
6. crocpov irap' dcSpos 7rpoo-8c^ov trvpftovkiav. 7. Kvpos «jrt 
top dSeAipoi' 'KpTa£(.p£qv carpartva-o. 8. 6 SaMcpdr^s 7roAAa(as 
8t«Aeyero tow T«xwVais. 9. ol Heptrai ayaXpja.Ta /cat /Jtop-ovs 
tois 0tots ou^ iSpuorro. 10. 'Op<pei Ki6api£om etpairero t& 
rsTpairoSa Kai Ta opwa (tat Ta Seeopa. 

1. The citizens did not deliberate safely in (say with, p,frd with 
gen.) anger. 2. The citizens wished to fare well. 3. The soldiers 
followed the brave leader. 4. We preferred (say wished rather) 
poverty without-pain to (say than) sorrowful wealth. 5. From a 
beggar he quickly becomes rich. 6. From beggars we quickly 
became rich. 7. The Greeks marched against Artaxerxes, the 
brother of Cyrus. 8. The philosophers oftentimes conversed with 
the artisans. 9. Do not become a friend to the bad. 10. The dogs 
followed the shepherds. 

2. The Perfect and Pluperfect Tenses (Passive and 
Middle). 

The Perfect Tense is formed by prefixing the Bedupli- 
cation and adding fiat to the Verb-Stem, without any 
connecting vowel. The Pluperfect is formed from the 
Perfect by prefixing the Augment, and changing (uu into 

1. Vowel Stems. — The terminations are seen most clearly 
in verbs, the Stems of which end in a vowel. 

Perfect. 

Sing. Xe-Xv-/iat At-Av-crat Ae-Av-rai 

Dual, \i-kv-fit6ov X.i-\v-<r6ov \e-\v-<r6ov 

Plur. k(-Xv-p.€9a \t-Xv a$t \t-\v-vToi. 



> 



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PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT PASSIVE. 91 

Pluperfect. 

i-Xc-Xv-fxrjv i-Xi-Xv-<ro t-Xe-Xv-ro 

Dual. i-Xt-Xv-fitOov i-Xi-Xv-o-6ov l-Xt-Xv-o-Otp' 
Plur. i-Xt-Xv-peOa i-Xi-Xv-o~6e i-Xt-Xv-vro. 

II. Mute Stems. — In Stems ending in a mute the final 
consonant is changed according to the following euphonic 
rules: 

1. Before all terminations beginning with p. : 

A labial becomes /* : yi-ypafi-ixai, Stem -ypa^i Pros, ypdtfxa, 
_ write. 

A guttural becomes y. n-c-irXey/uu, Stem vXoc, Pres. 
ttXIku), I heist. 

A dental becomes o- : fl-c-ireur-fuu, Stem m$, Fres. irilOta, 
I persuade. 

2. Before <r : 

A labial with <r becomes \j/ : yi-ypmj/ai, for yt-ypa<JMrau 
A guttural with <r becomes £ : jrc-irAt&u, for ire-irAac-orat. 
A dental is thrown out, ire-jrei-o-ot, for ire-irtitf-cnu. 

3. Before t : 

A guttural becomes k : irtirXeK-rai (hence Xi-Xac-rai, from 
Xey-<fl). 

A labial becomes a- : yi-ypair-rai. 
A dental becomes <r : iro-ircur-Tai. 

4. The <r of crfl is dropped (as three consonants cannot 
come together) and thus 

A labial becomes <j> : r(-rv<p-6t, for re-rmr-vOt. 

A guttural becomes \ '• vi-TrXt^-dt, for ir€-irXeK-<r6t. 

A dental becomes <r : ire-ir€i<r-ot, for n-t-n-ttfl-o-tfc. 

The ending n-cu of the 3 Plur. cannot be used with 
Stems ending in a consonant, as three consonants would 
in that case come together. Therefore a periphrasis is 
used by means of the Participle with (l-a-ifv) and r/aav : 
yeypa/Mfxevoi eUrifv), ytypafi.fi.ivoi. rjcrav. 

The following paradigms supply examples of the above- 
mentioned changes. 
5 



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92 



PEBFEOT AND PLUPEBFECT PASSIVE. 



Sing. 

1. 

2. 

3. 
Plur. 

1. 

2. 

3. 



Labial Stems. 



yt-ypap-pcu 

yi-ypatyai 

yi-ypan-rai 

yt-yp&fi-fuOa 
y4-ypa(j>-6e 

yt-ypaii-pevoi clrr!(v) 



Guttural Stems. 



irl-nkty-ptu 

7T«-irX«£a« 

jr£irA«-rat 

ire-ir\fy-}K0a 

irt-nXty-fievot «(Ti'(k) 



Dental Stems. 



irc-jr«(r-/iiu 

ire-jr«-o\u 

ir«-ir«<r-rat 



vi-7tei<r-6t 
irc-Tifur-pAvai Acri(y) 



The same euphonic changes appear in the Pluperfect. 

III. Liquid Stems. — In Stems ending in a liquid the 
only changes in the final consonant are : (1 ) that Stems 
in v are changed into <r before p. ; and (2) that the o- of 
a-0 is dropped, Thus from Stem iyyA, Pres. ayyeXXa, I 
announce, and Stem <j>av, Pres. tpaivut, I show, we have the 
following forms : 



S. 1. 


rjfyy(X.-[jLca 


^-</>ao--/tai 


2. 


rryytX-aau. 


■7rc-<j>av-<rai 


3. 


ijyyeA-Tat 


iri-<pav-rat 


D. 1. 


f/yytk-iitOov 


■rre-fpanr-nnOov 


! 2. 


fyyyt\-6ov 


ver^pav-Qov 


3. 


i/yytk-Bav 


ire-<pav-@ov 


P. 1. 


7yye\-/xt0a 


Tri-<pdtT-[ieOa. 


2. 


rfyyt\-6e 


ir€-<pav-0e 


3. 


ijyytK- fievoi ti<rL(y) 


iri-<pa.(T-p.tvoi tta , i{y) > or 

ire-$ar-Tai 



Exercise XLI. 

PASSIVE AND MIDDLE. 

Stems ending in a Towel. 

A. — 1. of Amoral weipovewrau 2. ovo aSeXcjxi) xnrb tov ovtou 
SiSootcoAov ireira.L8axr6ov. 3. 17 fitwtXtia xnrb tov 8-rjfjLOv AeAvrai. 
4. Tots #eois roo rosv 'AOrjvaiwv ttoAAoi ve<u topwrai. 5. t/ 0vpa 
kckAcut^oj. 6. irpo tov ipyov *5 /Je/3ovAewo. 7. 01 Ai^rrat 
ir€<j)ovtva-6u)v. 8. oi ■jroXe/i.ioi th TTjr aicpav KarajcticXeurOai 
Xcyovrai. 9. Bo'Ck^wtos vice, TpvAAos /cat AtdSwpos, iiretrai- 
SfvcrOrn' iv "S,irdprg. 10. at crw0j?Kai wo t£v fiapfidptov 
eAeAwro. 11. 01 iroraiScvp.ei'oi SuMptpowi rwv a.Tcat&tvrwv. 



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PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT PASSIVE. 93 

1. The robber has been murdered. 2. The children of the friend 
have been brought-up well. 3. The doors are said to have been 
shut. 4. Before the work, you have deliberated well. 5. The 
treaties are said to have been violated by the barbarians. 6. The 
two children have been brought-up by the same teacher. 7. The 
royal-authority had been abolished by the people. 8. The Greeks 
have been shut-up into the citadel. 9. Before the work, the citizens 
had deliberated well. 10. The Greeks are said to have deliberated 
well. 

Stems ending in a Mute and a Liquid. 

B. — 1. i] Tvpos Karto-KaiTTO inr' 'AXe^avSpov. 2. 'AXc^avSpos 
Kwru>Kur( rijv iroXiv KaTarKap.iifvrp' vrrb $iAiinrov. 3. Eupuri'Si/s 
iv MaxeSovuii rWawTou. 4. rrp> vrj&ov KtKpv<f>6ai* Aeyowiv vtto 
t^s OaXatrcnji. 5. 'Eperpia iir' 'AGrp/auntv cKrCaOcu Aeyerai. 

6. ovStv Kakvirru vv( kokSk ctpyaa/necov. 7. 6 ort<pavos ^v (K 
itituos TTtTrXcy/tefOS. 8. ij AijSvj; vtto t<ov P<op^u'<ov ftatriXaxnv 
firtrtrpairro, 9. vokii ouupcpei orpaTev/ia Ttra.yp.ivov anucrov. 
10. ipyov ti otaoro) t<ov iroAirfiv «V tj; jroAtt irpooTera^^oj. 

1. The city has been razed-to-the-ground by Alexander. 2. The 
king colonized the cities which-had-been-razed-to-the-ground (use 
part.) by Alexander. 3. The men have been buried in the city. 
4. The island has been concealed by the sea. 5. The city has been 
founded by Athenians. 6. The work has been done badly. 7. The 
garlands had been wreathed of (eV) pine. 8. The island has been 
entrusted by the Romans to a king. 9. The army had been well 
arranged. 10. Some work had been assigned to each of the citizens 
in the state. 

* The Accusative Case and the Infinitive Mood after a veib of " saying." See 
Syntax, § 30. 

C. — 1. o avOpannvos jSios to /uj/oenwt «ts trq luarbv irtpiyi- 
ypawTtu. 2. iraires tois Aeyo/teVois p-SAAov rj rots yeypap.p.ivots 
ituttcvowtiv. 3. rusv avOpunrmv ol ficv cv iOecrt KpuTToaw, 61 8* 
iv \upocri Te#pap,p,epoi$ eUriv. 4. it)(ov oi "EAAjjves ras KWyp-TSas 
iKKiKoffap/JLtvas koh ras aoTri'Sas 6octKaAi;/*p.tva«. 5. rj yfj a'pan 
Tr«pvprai: 6. irptoros •Jw arpanjyS>v nacpurOut 'AAt^avSpos. 

7. irtipvkaxOt &v6p<inrovs, ol Si)(6p.v6ov tj(owri yXSrrrav. 8. tis 
ripr iroXtv SicoTrapro 6 Xayos. 9. ol TertkevrrtKorei airrjXkay- 
fievoi eiai voo-ojv koX Xvmjs. 10. Nivos, 6 tGv Ao-o-vpiW flaxri- 
Aevs, tKTure irdAti' fieydXrjv kou c5 T«T€i^io-/xenj»', koI eVaAeo-ev 
aoj' cavrov Nicov. 

1. The life of-man (use adj.) had been defined at (tit) seventy 
years. 2. The laws have been written. 3. Of men some had 

f At the longest. J From Tp«'4*>. 



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94 FIBST FUTURE AND AOBIST PASSIVE. 

been reared in better habits, but some in worse. 4. The greaves 
have been burnished. 5. The shields had been uncovered. 6. Alex- 
ander is said to have been judged the first of the generals. 7. We 
have been on-our-guard-against men who have a double-speaking 
tongue. 8. The report has spread into the city. 9. He has been 
delivered from sorrow. 10. The Athenians founded great and well 
fortified (perf. part.) cities. 

8. The First Future and First Aorist. 
(Peculiar to the Passice Voice.') 

The First Future Passive is formed by adding (h/cro/uu, 
and the First Aorist Passive by prefixing the Augment 
and adding dry to the Verb-Stem : as Xv-Orjo-onai, 1 shall be 
loosed, i-\v-0t]v, I was loosed, from Stem Xu, Pres. Xvto. 

The characteristic letters of these two tenses are t In 
both the e is lengthened into 17 before the terminations. 
In the Future o- is added and the termination p<u appended 
by means of the connecting vowel o: as Xu-ftj-cr-o-fun. 
It should be noticed that the personal terminations of 
the Aorist are the same as in the Active Voice : i-Xv-Otj-v. 

The First Future and First Aorist Passive are used with 
all Vowel-Stems and all derivate and compound verbs. 

In Stems ending in a consonant the final consonant is 
changed before 6 of the termination according to the 
following euphonic rules : 

A labial becomes <j>: TVfjt-Orjo-ofiai, c-Tv<f>-6rjv, Stem twit, 
Pres. tvtttu), I strike. 

A guttural becomes x : itA«x-0ij<">/m»*» 1-wX^-ftjv, Stem 
«X«, Pres. irA«ca>, I twid. 

A dental becomes a : ireia-Orjaonai, i-Trtur-Or/v, Stem irtO, 
Pres. irtcdu), I persuade. 

Exercise XLII. 

A. — 1. o'EKTiop uiro tov 'A\iXXeu)S i<f>ovev$r]. 2. to> dScA<£u> 
&irb tov avrov SiSoo-koAov iir<u8ev0rfTriv. 3. iroAAal SrifioKpariai. 
{nrb rwv rvpawmv KareXvOrjO-av. 4. /tcyas <j>6fZos tovs iroAiras 
?v«, u.r) 01 crvvOrJKW biro tS>v iroXtfuatv XvOaxriv. 5. eWe 
iraiTts veavtoi leaASs vaiSevOtia'. 6. 01 iroXtfuoi, rutv awOrjKtov 
XvOturiav,* rjiJ.iv iroXtfWv ein<t>epovo-iv. 7. 6 Xr)orr)s tf>ovev6r)- 
aerai. 8. vov OiXovTos* 6 7rais vuSijo-eTau 9. irdvra KaXv<jf 



* The Genitive Absolute, like the Ablative Absolute in Latin. 



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SECOND FUTUBE AND A.OBIST PASSIVE. 95 

OrfreToiL. 10. oXtjOai oVres ol vo/jum. da hrovrai koi owe ixftavur- 
Oyprovrax. 

1. Hector will be killed by Achilles. 2. They were educated 
by the same teacher. 3. They will be educated by the same teacher. 
4. The democracy will be overthrown by the tyrant. 5. I fear 
much (say a great fear holds me) lest (pi)) the democracy should 
be overthrown (subj.) by the tyrant. 6. I feared much (say, a 
great fear held me) lest the democracy should be overthrown (opt.) 
by the tyrant. 7. The treaties are said to have been violated by 
the enemies. 8. The young-man is said to have been well brought- 
up by this teacher. 9. The two-robbers are said to have been 
killed. 10. If these men are willing (gen. absolute) the children 
will be saved. 

B. — 1. £T£i\ur6r) to axrru tS>v 'AOrjvauav. 2. 6 Auov virep tov 
vlov 6a.vd.TOv ovk trapd^Or). 3. VLopivOos r/ iroXis wro iw 
"Po/xcuW Kart<f>Ki)(6rj. 4. XaAxU kox "Epcrpio wo 'AOrjvamv 
ii(TUT$rjo-ay. 5. dhvyarov cori tov rdcpm KpvifShrra. jrpos to 
<puK avdytar. 6. ert kcu vvv i/iol ttuOov, u> SuKpares, ko.1 
vwOrfTU 7. KSpos iuro tov irarpos KaTeirtp.<pOrj o-arpam/s AvSi'as. 
8. ayaBdis avOpunrots 6/tiXGv ptdXio-f &v tv<f>pavO(iris. 9. to. 
Tun/ Ocutv dyyiX.p.ara vjto tow Eppvov tois avOpwtroi's ijyye\0j/. 
10. Havvavw anqpOrj* TjJ cimi^if. 

1. The city of the Athenians will be fortified. 2. Dion will not 
be troubled respecting the death of his son. 3. The city is said 
to have been burnt-down by the Romans. 4. Chalcis and Eretria 
are said to have been founded by Athenians. 5. The bones of the 
hero were concealed in a tomb. 6. Cyrus will be sent-down by 
his father (as) satrap of Lydia. 7. Cyrus is said to have been sent- 
down by his father (as) satrap of Lydia. 8. Associating with good 
men they would most-of-all be gladdened. 9. The messengers will 
be announced by the herald. 10. The citizens were elated by their 
(say the) good fortune. 

* From ciratpw. 

4. The Second Future and Second Aokist. 
(Peculiar to the Passive.') 

The Second Future Passive is formed by adding ijo-op-ai, 
and the Second Aorist Passive by prefixing the Augment 
and adding rpr to the Stem of the verb : as, rinr-^o-o/Aai, 1 
shall be struck, i-rvTr-rjv, I was struck, from Stem tvit, Pres. 
Twrnifc 

The characteristic of these two Tenses is e. which is 



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96 THIBD FUTtTBE PASSIVE. 

lengthened into 17 before the terminations as in the First 
Future and First Aorist Passive : Tvir-rj-o--o-pMi, i-rvir-rf-v. 

Note. — As in the Second Aori»t Active, the « is sometimes changed 
into & : k\4*-t-v, I steal, i-K\irn-y ; <rr«'AX», I tend, i-ariKri-v ; rp4<p-a, 
I nourish, i-rp&<pi\-v ; t\4k-u, 1 twist, i-ir\(Kri-v and i-wk&mi-r ; ir\i\aau>, 
I strike, has l-*Kirfn-v, v\i)yti-<rotuu, bnt in composition tt-t-*\tryri-v, 
iK-wX&yfi-ao(tai. 

Exercise XLIII. 

1. 6 r^s <TO<f>uvs Kafnrb<i owore tpOaprjo-erai. 2. al /3dp/3apoi 
erpairrja-aw xnrb rS>v "EXXijvaiv. 3. 'A^iXXtvs /nvtXia Xtovraiv 
«Tpd(/»j. 4. "YAas oto koAAos inro Nv/x^wi' r)pwa.yy]. 5. "AoWis 
viro OT)os cffX^yij.* 6. IIpo/Mj&vs mipos icXajroTost oYkijv mccv, 
7. IlToAt/iatos, 6 McuctoWas /JacriAevs, wro raAaTW io-ipdyr/, 
Kal iraaa j; MaiccoWucrf owa/uf kotckojitj. 8. Snjo-tyopos 6 
iroiip^s & KoTayj; trd^.J 9. A'as /whis eairrov icpoveixrev. 
10. i} Ntvos Ka.T&rKa<pr) into MtJoW, ore KariXvcrav tr)v 'Ao-av- 
pliov apxn v ' 

1. The laws were destroyed by the wicked citizens. 2. The 
barbarians will be put-to-flight by the Greeks. 3. Achilles is said 
to have been reared with the marrow of lions. 4. Hylas is said 
to have been carried-off by the Nymphs on-account-of his beauty. 
5. Adonis will be torn (say struck) by a boar. 6. Fire was stolen 
by Prometheus. 7. The general will be buried in the city. 8. All 
the Macedonian power is said to have been destroyed (raraKojiro)) 
by the Gauls. 9. The women being mad, killed themselves. 
10. Nineveh will be razed-to-the-ground by the Medes. 

* From nkri<rn>. f Genitive Absolute; Kkcutims from kXcittu. % From Saimi. 

5. The Third Future or Future Perfect. 

{Common to both Passive and Middle.) 

The Third Future or Future Perfect Passive is formed 
by prefixing the Reduplication, and adding o-o/uu, to the 
Stem of the verb : as, Xc-Xv-aerai, it will have been loosed, 
from Stem Xw, Pres. \vm; yt-ypctyerai ( = ye-ypair-o-erai), it 
will have been written, from Stem ypcu\>, Pres. ypdtjuo ; ire- 
vpd£tTai ( = ir€-7rpay-o-erai), it will have been done, from 
Stem irpay, Pres. Trpdirw. 



X 



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MIDDLE VOICE. 97 

Exercise XLIV. 

1. fiAnjv e/xoi KCKXawercu.* 2. tfipcurov on fit 8«if irovqarax, 
kox varpd£tTau 3. tv /xt hroirjfrai • titpy t-njs els del araye- 
ypduhj. 4. ■n-pto-fSvripta vtnrrtpiov irair&v ap\tiv irpoarerafenu. 

5. «v irokifu* &iroK(Ka>ovy€vo~ercu rd. re xpyj/iara i«u at ijrvxaL. 

6. KaXAxoTOf 8^ tovto Aeyerat koi A.cA.e£erat, oVt (<Ja/) rd /xtv 
bXpiXj.fjL.ov kclKov, to 8t fiXafitpbv tdo~xp6v ojtiv. 

1. In vain shall we have wept (say, will it have been wept by 
us). 2. Explain what we must (8«) do, and it shall be (say, have 
been) done. 3. They did good to me ; they shall be (say, have 
been) recorded (as) benefactors for ever. 4. The gates (wvXif) of 
the city will have been shut (tsktia) in the night (gen.). 5. The 
letters will have been written. 6. Ye will have been recorded (as) 
the greatest benefactors. 

* Used as an Impersonal Verb with the subject in the Dative. 
f Sti is an Impersonal Verb governing the Accusative case. 



XXIIL— EXERCISES ON TENSES PECULIAR 
TO THE MIDDLE VOICE OP VERBS IN fl. 

[Exercises on the Present, Imperfect, Perfect, Pluperfect, 
and Future Perfect Middle are given under the Passive 
Voice.] 

1. Future. 

The Future Middle is formed from the Stem by adding 
tro/tat : as, \v-crop.ai, I shall loose for myself, from Stem \v, 
Pres. Avo>. In Mute and Liquid Stems the same changes 
take place as in the Active Voice. See pp. 82, 83. Hence 
Future ap.vvovfi.au 

Note. — This Future is sometimes, but rarely, used as a Passive. 

Exercise XLV. 

I . ol iroXepioi hrl ttjv ■qp.eripav iroXtv <jTpaTcv\rovrau 2. vtpi 
rr/s rZv voXxrHv o-wrr/ptas PovXevcofitOa. 3. b iraT-qp fioi 
fKtytv, on iropewroiTO. 4. tis fit 8c£erat irdXts ; 6. ov TaXqOrj 
( = to. akijOrf) airoKpv^6p,t0a. 6. ■rrticropjax 0e$ p,aXXov J) rots 
dvfJpoMrots. 7. cya> <rov <f>turop.ai. 8. lydrye <nr«xro/iai iir 
'A^iXX^a, iv orpvvia Troktfxi^tiv. 9. ^/xcis toiis ■7roX.€fuovi avSptCuK 
aft.vvovp.tda. 10. wo iroAAov olvov rayu vfuv koX to. trto/xaTa 
tool at yvStfUU. o-tpaXovvrcu, 



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98 MIDDLE VOICE. 

1. The messenger announced that (Sri) the enemy would march 
against the town. 2. You will deliberate about the safety of the 
citizens. 3. The young-men said to me that (on) they would 
travel. 4. What cities will receive us? 5. I will not hide (from 
myself) the truth. 6. Wo will obey God rather than man (my 
men). 7. We will spare you. 8. We will hasten to Achilles, 
in-order-that we may urge him to go-to-the-war. 9. The soldiers 
will bravely repel the enemy. 10. They will ruin-themselves by 
much wine. 

2. First Aorist. 

The First Aorist Middle is formed from the Stem by 
prefixing the Augment, and adding aap.-qv : as, e-A.v-0-ap.171>, 
I loosed for myself. In Mute and Liquid Stems the same 
changes take place as in the Active Voice. 

The difference in the use of the First and Second 
Aorists Middle is the same as in the Active and Passive 
Voices (see pp. 87, 94). 

Exercise XLVL 

1. oi 'EAXip'ts «ri tows II«jpo-as eorpaTtvaravro. 2. irpb rov 
Ipyov eu ySovAcvaat. 3. 7raW*s rip.rjs ycv<rao~6ai. f3ov\ovrcu. 
4. 6 wari/p avairawdna/os iropaxrtrai. 5. Spyijv e/xc/ii/ra) tj/v 
Ifir/v. 6. 6 Kvpos ttoxtov rrp> 'Aituiv KaTarrpiipa.ro. 7. Aapaos 
T^v ~&vpu>Trqv i/3ov\tro Karaorpaj/ao-Oai. 8. airoKptvai p.oi on 
at iptar^rio. 9. oi AaKc&u/idVioi koXSk ijfwvavro tovs iroAe- 
p.Covs. 10. SiafUfiavro ttjv dpxV TO *' Koo-pjov o Ztvs kou 6 
HcxruSiav koX 6 IIAovtojv. 11. MiAow 6 Kporwiarr)? ravpov 
dpa/xevos eV 'OXvp/irta. itptpc Slot p.{<rov rov crraoYov. 

1. The Persians marched against Athens. 2. Do ye deliberate 
well before the work. 3. The citizens deliberated well. 4. The 
general enjoyed (my tasted) a great honour. 5. The brothers rested. 
6. We blamed your anger. 7. The generals subdued the island. 
8. The general having subdued the country will march against the 
city. 9. You answered me. 10. Ye bravely repelled the enemies. 

3. Second Aorist. 

The Second Aorist is formed from the Stem by pre- 
fixing the Augment, and adding op.i)v: as, i-rvT-6/ji.rjv, I 
struck myself, from Stem tw, Pres. rram. 



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CONTRACTED VERBS. 99 

Exercise XLVIL 

* 1. 01 "EXAiji'ts to waXai irpos hgartiav irpdirono. 2. iroi 
Tpa.Trwp.ax,* & irai, iroi KaTatpvyto; 3. SapdmSa ol 'AOyvaioi 
i$ Alyvirrov 6e6v ilo-ifyayovro. 4. 'Apuminros ttjv Kvprjvaiicrjy 
<j>iXo(TOtf>Cav KaTe)SaA.cro. 5. QatOwv, 'HXi'ov 7rais, to toD irarpbs 
ap/xa iXavvoxy i$erpairiTO tj/s 6Sov. 6. MiXnaSi/s KOTtXiJrero 
viov 6/totov t$ iroTpl 1/ p.ut,<o airov. 7. irifiov /tot, K«tf vea 
irapawioto. 8. 6 /JcwriXevs T«\'a ir«pt«y8aX«To t^v irdXu'. 

1. He turned-himself to piracy. 2. Whither shall we turn-our- 
selves (subj. aor.) ? 3. You introduced the god Serapis from Egypt. 
4. You founded the Cyrenaic philosophy. 5. They were turned 
out of the way. 6. You left-behind a son like to yourself. 7. They 
obeyed you. 8. The Athenians surrounded the city with a wall. 

* Subjunctive of Deliberation. f Contracted for «u ci. 



XXIV.— EXEKOISES ON CONTEACTED VEEBS. 

I. Verbs in am. 
Present and Imperfect Active. 

Exercise XLVIIL 

1. pJ\ o-i vikotoj KtpSos. 2. iptb rrp aperijs. 3. TroXXcuas 
vik£ kcu (even) kcucos avSpa ayaOov. 4. oi ayaOol ipuxri Tutv 
KaXmv. 5. 'iroXXoi avOpunroi iv rjj t>}s ijXucias anprj rekcvrSxnv. 
6. rj arulnra, ij Xeye d/xcuwa. 7. IIcpikXt/s TJoTpairro', IfSpovra, 
o-vvckvko. ttjv 'EXXoSa. 8. tWe iravres iraioes tovs yovtas 
ayairSev. 9. irfis oV ToXpjurrp/ top ipiXov p\airrav ; 10. oXo- 
<f>vp6fi(6a tov h> Trj T>}s ijXuaac. aKp.]j TcXoiTunra. 

1. Gain conquers yon. 2. We love virtue. 3. Even bad-men 
oftentimes conquer good men. 4. The man was dying in the bloom 
of his (say the) age. 5. Either be silent (pi.), or speak (pi.) better 
(things). 6. The children love their parents. 7. Would that the 
child loved his parents. 8. Pericles lightens, thunders, throws 
Greece into confusion. 9. How could wo dare to injure our (say 
the) friends? 10. We pity those-who-die (use part.) in the bloom 
of their (say the) age. 
5* 



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100 CONTBAOTED VEBBS. 

Present and Imperfect Passive and Middle. 
Exercise XLIX. 

1. evvov? Aoyos kvjrtjy larau 2. Tt//.(o/xcvoi mures r/Sovrai 
fSporoL 3. ol an/Opumoi 7roAAa iirfifavSivTai. 4. 6 dya0os inrb 
iravTcav ri/idrat. 5. Tltpi.K\rj<! vnb tui' 'AOr/vaimv rfya.Tr5.TO Kal 
hnparo. 6. ol r)ptpohp6poi ovk i)(p5>VTO vrroS-q/iuuriv ev rats 
oSois- 7. tWt Travrei ol yovcis vjto rmv tocvojv dyajruvro. 8. ol 
ayaBol inrb irdWuv dyamur&ov. 9. wro KpCkiav €0eA«s dya- 
vatrOai. 10. r^v 'EAAaSa irapu) cv iroteti>. 

1. Well-disposed words heal sorrow. 2. The man being honoured 
is pleased. 3. The man contrives many-things. 4. Good men 
are honoured by all. 5. The poets were loved and honoured by 
the Athenians. 6. Would that the poets were loved and honoured 
hy the Athenians. 7. The couriers do not use shoes in their (say 
the) journeys. 8. Children are loved by their parents. 9. We 
wished to be loved by our (say the) friends, and to be honoured by 
our (say the) enemies. 

II. Verbs in «o. 
Present and Imperfect Active. 

Exercise L. 

1. dnjp wovripbi Swrrvxti, kolv (k<h AV,* even if) svtvxq. 
2. |8ios Kparioros, av (if) Ovpov Kparjjs. 3. 6 paXtara tvru)(Sw 
pr) peya <ppovtiTu>. 4. ovSct-ot aBvptiv rbv kokSs rrparrovra 
So, to. fitkrim 8« TrpooSoKav axL 5. T<3 wovowri Oebt o~uWap- 
fidvu. 6. hiKauxruv7]V do-Kctrc Kal iprpf Kal Ac!y<u. 7. amb tt}s 
Ntoropos yXtBTD^, <o<nrep piXi, 6 Aoyos airippeu 8. 6 %u>Kpd.Tq<s 
tov o-w/iaTOS ovk r)pt\u, tovs 8« d/xcXouVras ovk irrgvti. 9. cWe, 
5 #eos, reXotT? fioi t^v ««X^ 1 '* ^. *"^ € «vru;(oiJp-t, 5 <ptXot. 

1. Wicked men are unfortunate, even if they are fortunate. 
2. Life is best, if ye conquer (your) passions (sing.). 3. Let those- 
who-are-fortunate (use part.) most-of-all not be haughty. 4. The 
gods help tbose-who-labour (use part.). 5. They practise justice 
both in deed and word. 6. The gods assist those- who-practise (use 
p irt.) justice in deed and word. 7. The Greeks do not neglect the 
body. 8. The Greeks do not praise those-who-neglect (use part.) 
the body. 9. Would that ye, O gods, would fulfil my prayer I 
10. Would that thou wert happy, my friend. 

* ay, same as $v, Or, if. Is followed by the Subjunctive. 



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CONTRACTED VERBS. 101 

Present and Imperfect Passive and Middle. 
Exercise LI. 

1. alSov 6(6v. 2. rbv iya$6v avSpa irovov eraipov. 3. <fn- 
Xowrcs <f>iXovvrai, fiMTovvrvi /xiirovvrai. 4. aiOfurdai Set <ju\ov$. 

8. amoTOVVTat ol XaXoi, w aXqQtvhxnv. 6. ol Htptrcu viro tSsv 
"EXXt/VUV IpMTOWTO KOI KaTt<f>povowTO. 7. 6 firjStv dStKUJV 

ouSevos Scirai vo/xov. 8. Tpoia 8«ca err) vnro r&v 'EWrjvw 
ivoXiopKilro. 9: ol woXirai e^ojSowro,* /u.^ ^ iroAxs woXio/>- 
koito. 10. fir/Sih <^oy3«crt9oj tfavarov, diro'Xt«w kcocCv. 

1. Reverence (pi.) God. 2. Make-for-yourselves good men com- 
panions. 3. One-who-loves (use part.) is loved, one-who-hates (use 
part.) is hated. 4. The talkative-man is disbelieved, even if he 
speaks-the-truth. 5. The king of the Persians was hated and 
despised by the Greeks. 6. Those who do injustice (use part.) in- 
nothing (pi^dcr) need no law. 7. The cities were besieged ten years 
by the Greeks. 8. The citizens fear, lest the city should be besieged. 

9. The citizens feared, lest the cities should be besieged. 10. Do 
not ye fear death, a release from evils (use gen.). 

* QoPcurSMiuj, Wiethe Latin txnorm," I fear teeV'&o. 



III. Verbs m o». 
Present and Imperfect Active, 

Exercise LII. 

1. Ztws ra. pep \nfnj\a TavcwoZ, to. 8k TCWiwa \nj/o". 2. dvofua 
dfiavpol vjipiv. 3. £i}Xov, St- irai, rovs «r0Xous teat o-wf/povos 
avSpas. 4. troXAovs kokSk irpdrrovras opOot vox*)' 5. irkfjOos 
kokwv rrjv avdpvmlyijv C°"] v a/xavpoi. 6. rip dpenjv Ktu rrpr 
aotpiav fi/Xi^GC. 7. xpwos corw 6 Sovkuiv 0vtjtu>v <pp£va$. 
8. ol iroXttuoi rb arpaTevLW: rj/xtav tSo'Xow. 9. ot veavuu Tjjv 
acxpuxv fcrjkoitv. 10. ol iroXc/uot hrXrjo'uiijov, fva rovs al\LUi- 
Xorrows iXxv6tpoi€V. 

1. The gods humble the lofty (persons) and exalt the humble. 
2. May violence not darken the soul. 3. The boys emulate good 
and prudent men. 4. May fortune raise-up those-who-are-faring 
(use part.) badly. 6. They were striving-after virtue and wisdom. 

6. We love young-men who-are-striving-after (use part.) wisdom. 

7. The enemies deceive our army. 8. Gold enslaves the minds 
of men. 9. May the enemies not deceive our army. 10. The 
enemies are drawing-near in-order-that they may set-free the 
captives. 



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102 CONTBACTED VERBS. 

Present and Imperfect Passive and Middle. 
Exercise LIII. 

1. SovXov/J.t0a t§ (TapKi nal tois traBtaw. 2. xnrb t>;s avdyierj^ 
wavra SovAovrai rayy. 3. p.i) yavpov aotfyia, p.rjr aXicfj, firjre 
jtXovtu). 4. 6 vjrtpij^avos Taireivoiro. 5. ov (caAoV hm, Ttj 
<ro<f>iq. yavpowrOax. 6. oi rots ayaflobi lva.vriovp.evoi a£iot eun 
{muovo'dat. 7. oi or/ooriSrot ford tow fiapjiapw eSoXowro. 
8. waircs Kaicol (jjfuomro. 9. Ik wokepov tlpr)vrj pSXkov j8c- 
/3atourat. 10. wro TaV 'A&qvaua' iroXAoi TaV imtpavtordrmv 
jroAiTfiv aStKUs kXflpiovvro. 

1. Ye are enslaved to the flesh and the passions. 2. The sophists 
pride themselves in their (saw the) wisdom. 3. The haughty (men) 
are humbled. 4. The haughty (men) were humbled. 5. Do not 
pride yourself in your (say the) wisdom. 6. The wicked are opposed 
to the good. 7. He who-is-opposed (use part.) deserves (say is 
worthy) to he punished. 8. The barbarians are deceived by the 
citizens. 9. May the barbarians be deceived by the citizens. 10. Ho 
is unjustly punished by the Athenians. 

IV. TnE other Tenses of Contracted Verbs. 
In the other Tenses of Contracted Verbs the final vowel 
of the Stem is generally lengthened before the Tense- 
ending : as, 

Future. Stem. Present. 

TifLTj-vw, I will honour ' tijuj. npam 

iroiij-o-<t>, J will do wow Trouia 

hovktirtm I will enslave SovXo SovAoo 

Exercise LIV. 
1. oi crrpaTtaVrcu ycwaims pa\6p,(voi trtXtvTijffav. 2. vuctf 
<rov opyrjv. 3. paiaxpios, Sorts rfinvx^a-ev ets tocvo. 4. 6 
vcavias oKoAovflijo-aTU) rjj <ro<f>la. 6. 8 irotrfrifi tov Xoyubrarov 
'OSvo-o-eo o r winn;AoTOToi' TreiroitfKev. 6. 01 ayaOdi irarpiSa koo- 
fiyo-owriv. 7. Avo-avSpos, 6 SwaoTiaTijs, pAydXan/ ripJSnr jj^imStj. 

8. 01 rjp.epo8pop.ot owe f^pijo-ayro wroSiJ/iaow & tois 0801s. 

9. ovocl? tvatvov ^Sovais eicnja-aro. 10. oi vo/xot ov p.6vov Tovs 
dSucovVras fcqpAwrovow, dAAa kcu (JijdeXiJo-ovo-i tovs Succubvs. 

1. The soldier died fighting bravely. 2. The philosopher will 
conquer. 3. He was fortunate in-reference-to (th) children. 4. The 
young-men followed wisdom. 5. The good adorned (their) native- 
land. 6. The brave soldiers were deemed-worthy of great honours. 
7. The soldiers have conquered the enemies. 8. No-one will gain 
praise by pleasures. 9. The enemies were conquered. 10. The 
king not only punished the unjust (use part.) but also benefited 
the just. 



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( 103 ) 

XXV.— SECOND CONJUGATION, OR 
VERBS IN /u. 

The Second Conjugation, or Verbs in pi, differs from the First» 
or Verbs in a>, only in the Present, Imperfect, and Second Aorist. 
The personal terminations of these tenses are appended to the Stem 
without a connecting vowel. This Conjugation is divided into two 
classes : 

1. The First Class consists of Verbs which affix their termina- 
tions directly to the Stem : as, 4>ij-/ii, 1 say. 

2. The Second Class consists of those which in the Present insert 
vv between the Stem and the termination : as, StU-w-fu, I show. 

In the Present and Imperfect Tenses of the First Class, the 
initial consonant is frequently reduplicated with «, and the short 
vowel of the Stem is lengthened in the Singular : as, 

Stem. Present. 

ffra t-anj-/M (for o-t-onj-/«\ I place. 

6« ri-oVfu, I put. 

So bi-ia-fu, I give. 

The Conjugation of the Present, Imperfect, and Second Aorist 
of these verbs is given on the following pages. The other Tenses! 
given below are conjugated like the verbs in a. 

ACTIVE VOICE. 



Class I. 


Future. 


1 Aorist. 


Pert. 


l-OTTJ-fU 
tI-&1)-)U 

Si-da-fu 


<rrr)-<ro> 
6r)-ca 


Z-orrj-<ra 

i-Ori-Ka 

t-Sa-Ka 


«r-rr/-x:a 
r4-6tt-Ka 
bi-ba-xa 


Class II. 
dflK-W-IU 


£fi£o> 


?-8«£a 


te-tottx-a 



PASSIVE AND MIDDLE VOICES. 



Class I. 


Pert Pass, and Mid. 


1 Aorist Pass. 


1 Future Pass. 


Verbals. 


X-OTTffU 

ri-6tj-iu 
bi-ba-/u 


ri-6ti-iuu 

8c-8o-pu 


*-ord-0rp> 

i-ri-6rp> 

t-bo-Btpf 


ora-Ajero/iai 

Tt-9(io-opai 

8o-r3r)<ro/«ii 


ora-ror 

OTa-TfOS 

0«-rd> 
6e-rios 
bo-ros 
bo^rios 


Class II. 


ii-itiy-jiiM 


i-dfix-$7)v 


Utix-Sqcopai 


o«K-roV 
doK-rfof 



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104 



VEEBS IN -/J. l, FIRST CLASS. 



t-o-npyu, 1 place 
ACTIVE 





i 


e 


INDICATIVE. 


IMPERATIVE. 






<£ 


Principal. 


Historical. 












V 

Present. 


Imperfect. 






Present 


8. 


1. 

2. 
3. 


l-OTtj-IU 

t-onj-r 


i-vrrj-v 
t-tng 


t-ODJ 
i-<7Ta-r«» 




and 


1>. 


2. 


i-trra-Tov 


t-ora-nw 


«-<rra-rov 




Imperfect. 




3. 


l-CTa-TOV 


i-tTTa-T^F 


i-OTO-T»l> 




Stem larra. 


P. 


1. 
2. 


i-<rra-pfr 
i-ara-rf 


i-trra-Te 


t-<7Ta-T« 








3. 


i-<TTa-<Tt(v) 


%-vra-aav 


t-OTa-raxrai') 

«-<7Ta-|T«lI' J 






S. 


1. 
2. 
3. 




€-tTTT| 


trrij-<Jt 




2 Aobist. 
Stem itt a. 


D. 
P. 


2. 
3. 
1. 
2. 
3. 




€-<rnf-Top 

f-(T7 IJ-TlfV 

i-artj-iiev 
S-arq-aav 


OTtf-ror 
frrjj-rap 

(TTlj-TC 




MIDDLE 




S. 


1. 
2. 


Present. 
i-<rra-/tat 
l-ora-irai 


Imperfect. 

J-OTa-JilJK 

t-ara-co 


t-trra-o-o 




Present 

AND 

Impebfect. 


D. 


3. 

]. 
2. 
3. 


i-ora-rai 
l-trra-iuBov 
"-ara-<rSov 
l-trra-irOov 


t-ora-TO 
i-ord-fitOov 
t-<rra-<r8ov 
\-ord-a8i)v 


J-OTd-<r#«» 

t-OTa-o-tfor 
!-trra-vT<W 




Stem terra. 


P. 


1. 
2. 


i-<rrd-iu8a 
i-ora»<rtfe 


I'ord-fxcda 
t-era-adf 


t-OTa-trflf 








3. 


i-ara-vrai 


i-ara-vro 


i-<rra-cr<W J 




2 Aobist. 






Wanting. 







On the meaning of the 

Digitized by Kj OOQ IC 



VEEBS IN -/it, FIBST CLASS. 

(Verb-stem otto). 
VOICE. 



105 





SUBJUNCTIVE. 
Principal. 


OPTATIVE. 

HlstoricaL 


VERB INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Participle. 




J-<TT» 


i-OTauj* 




J-OTO-WH 


M. i-cris 




t-OTJJ-S 


UoTali]S 






F. l-ora-ou 




Inrnj 


i-oraii) 






N. 1-OT&-V 




l-arrj-rov 


i-trralnrov, 
{-OTaiijnjw, 


1-OTtUTOP 

i-oTamjv 




Stem la-Tavr 




i-trrat-fuv 


i-<rTair)iMv, 


l-OToilUV 








i-<nij-T* 


i-orair)T€, 


J-araire 








l~<rra>-<ri(v) 


l-<rTairj(rav, 


l-arauv 








OT& 


aralr)V 




arij-vcu. 


M. (rr(f-r 




OTJj-S 


(TTalrjs 






F. araa-a 




OTfl 


trrab) 






N. cri-v 




<rrir*a» 


OTaitjTOP, 


arratTO* 




Stem oravr 




<rnj-rov 


OTa«ijnji», 


arcurijv 






1 


OT&-IUV 


OTaiti/uv, 


OTalfKV 








OT7J-r« 


<rratijr«, 


arcSrt 








OTO-trtfy) 


<rraij)(rav, 


<rra»«j> 






VOICE. 




l-orSffiai 


l-orai-iapf 




f-OTB-ff&U 


M. 2-<rra-/Mvor 




i-org 


1-OTcfirO 






F. l-aTa-pm} 




i-orij-Tat 


l-arat-ro 






N. irOTa-pevov 




1-OT&-IU0OV 
l-OTTJ-ITVOV 


l-oral-iuBat 
1-<jtcu-it6ov 






Stem ivraiitiro 




l-arTJ-aBov 


l-aral-aBnt 
l-arai-fuda 










i-ara-ptBa 










i~OTtf~OVt 


I-orat-o-fl* 










l-arw-vrai 


IrVTM-VTO 



















different tenses, see p. 111. 



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106 



VERBS IN -/K/FIISST CLASS. 



ri-Orf-iti, I place 
ACTIVE 





i d 


INDICATIVE. 






Tensks. 


1 2 






IMPERATIVE. 






Principal. 


Historical. 










Present. 


Imperfect. 








S. 1. 


Ti-QjflU 


€-ri-0ti-v (i-rl-6ovv) 






Pbesent 
and Im- 

PEBFECT. 


2. 


Tl-6r)-s 


(i-ri-dri-s) i-rl-6tis 


rl-Oti 




3. 


t»-#ij-o-»(i») 


{t-rL-6rj) €-ri-6ei 


Tl-Be-TO 




D.2. 
3. 


Tl-8tTOV 
Tl-8l-TOV 


t-Tl-dt-TOV 


ri-Ge-Tov 
Tt-Bi-rav 




Stem 


P. 1. 


Tl-Bt-IUU 


€-ri-$€-it*v 






T10€. 


2. 


Tl-OtTt 


i-ri-Bt-rt 


Tl-0t-Tt 






3. 


Tl-6e-ain(y) \ 
Ti-6e~i<rt(v) \ 


(-TL-0t-<rau 


Tl-64-TVHTav) 

n-Bi-vrav J 








2 Aor. 1 Aor. 
















S. 1. 




Wanting. t-8r)-Ka 








2. 




i-drj-Kat 


8i-s 




2 Aobist 


3. 
D.2. 




i-dt-rov 


8i-ra 
8e-rov 




Stem 8t. 


3. 
P. 1. 




i-dt-iuv 


di-rav 






2. 




i-6t-ri 


6i-rt 






3. 




Z-Otirav 


dd-rmrav) 
di-vrav \ 














MIDDLE 






Present. 


Imperfect. 








S. 1. 


Ti-Bt-fiat 


*-Tl-0«-/ilJI' 






Pbesent 
and Im- 

febfect. 


2. 
3. 


Ti-Ot-trtu 
ri-Bt-rai 


*'-ri'-0r-<ro, t-ri-Oov 
i-ri-dt-ro 


ri-6e-<T0,Tl-6ov 
Ti-Bi-vBa 




D.l. 


n-6i-ytt8ov 


€-Tl-6t-fu8oV 






2. 


Ti-Sf-trOov 


€-ri-6t-<r8ov 


Tl-8t-<T0OV 




Stem 


3. 


ri-6t-<r6ov 


tTi-6f-tr6t)v 


Tl-6i-a6av 




rid*. 


P. 1. 


Ti-6i-pf6a 


i-ri-6i-fu6a 








2. 


Ti-6(-tr8t 


i-ri-6t-<T0e 


rt'-cWfJe 






3. 


ri-Bt-vrai 


i-Tl-fc-VTO 


n-8t-<r8a<rav \ 
Ti-8i-a8<av J 
















S. 1. 




i-Bi-fOfv 






2 Aobist 


2. 




t-8ov 


8ov 




Stem dc. 


3. 




t-8(-TO 

Etc.. as Imperfect. 


8c-<r8a> 

Etc.. as Present 





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VERBS IN -fit, FIRST CLAS& 

(Verb-stem, e«). 
VOICE. 



107 





SCBJUNCriVE. 
PrindpaL 


OPTATIVE. 
Historical. 


VEKB INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Partidpls. 




Tl-Oa 


Tlrtithp 


ri-0e-v<u 


M. 1 i-£e[-s 




Tl-6jl-S 


Tl-0€lT)t 




P. Tt-0tU(ra 




Tl-0/j 


Tt-0till 




N. ti-04-v 




Tt-0i)TOV 
TlStJTOV 


TtStinrov, n-OtiTov 




Stem ti0*vt 




TI-0&-/UV 


Ti-0iir)ptir, ri-0(ifuv 








Tl-0fj-Tf 


ri-0(it]Tf, Ti-Ourt 








Tl-0Sy-ITl(v) 


Ti-0€tT)<rav, Ti-dtuv 








08, 


Otlqv 


0CI-1KU 


M. 0ds 




0V-* 


dflrjs 




F. 0ti-<ra 




q 


0tir, 




N. di-v 




0SJTOV 
0TfTOV 


Ouryrov, diirov 
6flTfTT)V, dfinjv 




Stem 0fpr 




0Wr\ltV 


6uT)iiev, Btiixtv 








0i}-re 


BtLtfrt, Otirt 








0S>-tri(v) 


6tlrj(rav, 0tup 






VOICE. 




TI-0H-IUU 


Tl-0(i-flXIV 


Ti-0t-<T0ai 


M. Ti-0e-lt(vos 




TV-0JI 


TI-0H-O 




F. Ti-0e-iUvr) 




n-0rj-T(U 


Tl-0tlTO 




N. Tt-04-pevov 




Ti-0a-fu0oy 

TI-01J-IT0OV 


Ti-0ii-pt6av 
n-0ti-<rBov 




Stem TiOtjicvQ 




Tl-0t)-<T0OV 


Tl-0€i-O0T)V 

n-0tl-iu0a , 








n-0&-fi€0a 








Ti-0ij-<r0€ 


Ti-0ti-<r0t ■ 








n-0&-vrai 


Tl-0(i-VTO 








0S>-uai 


0tL-jaiv or 0ol-iu\v 


04-<r0<u 


M. df-fifVOS 




°i 


0ti-o 0oi-o 




F. 0€-lUl>t) 




0IITCU 


0€i-ro dol-ro 




N. Oc-fitvav 




Etc., as Present. 


Etc., as Present. 




Stem Beptvo 



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108 



VEBBS IN -fll, FIEST CLASS. 



St-SV/u, I give 
ACTIVE 





i & 


INDICATIVE. 






Tenses. 


s i 
£ 1 






IMPERATIVE. 






Principal. 


Historical. 










Pre«entf. 


Imperfect. 








s. 1. 


ti-ia-fu 


(t-bl-ba-v) f'-bl-bovp 






Present 


2. 


bi-ba-s 


(t-bl-bta-s) t-bl-bovs 


bi-bov 




3. 


bi-bot-o-i.(p) 


(t-bi-bai) t-bi-bov 


bi-borrat 




AND 

Imperfect. 


D.2. 


bl-bo^rop 


t-bi-bo-rop 


bi-borop 




3. 


8i-8o-tov 


e-bi-b6rt)P 


bi-borap 




Stem bibo. 


P. 1. 


bi-bo-ptp 


c-bl-bo-fiep 








2. 


dt'-OO-TT 


t-bi-bo-re 


bi-60-Te 






3. 


St-So-acif)/) J 
8«-do5-(rt(i/) J 


t-bi-bo-aap 


bi-bo-rao-ap) 
bt-bo-prap J 


















2 Aor. 1 Aor. 








s. 1. 




Wanting, t-ba-xa 








2. 




i-ba-Kas 


bos 




2 Aori8t. 


3. 
D.2. 




f-ba>-Kt(y) 
t-bo-rop 


8o-t<b 
8o-rov 




Stem do. 


3. 
P. 1. 




t'-8<5-nji» 

i-bo-pep e-ba-Kapep 


bo-rap 






2. 




e-bo-rt i-bit-Kart 


b6-Tt 






3. 




l-bo-cap f-ba-Ktxp 


bo^racap ) 
bo-prap J 














MIDDLE 






Prese»f. 


Imperfect. 




■ 




S. 1. 


8t'-do-/»<H 


i-bi-86-fit]v 








2. 


di-8o-<r<H 


f-8i-bo-<ro, i-bl-bov 


bl-bo-ao, bi-bov 




Present 


3. 


8f-8o-rat 


f-8i-8o-ro 


bi-bo-o-dm 




and 


D.l. 


bi-b6-ji€0op 


t-bi-bo-fit0ov 






Imperfect. 


2. 


bi-bo-o-0op 


i-bi-bo-adop 


bi-bo-o-6op 




Stem 0100 . 


3. 


bi-bo-o-0ov 


i-bi-b6-o~67]p 


bl-bo-vBap 






P. 1. 


bi-b6-pe0a 


i-bi-bo-fuda 








2. 


bi-bo-adt 


€-bi-bo-a-6e 


bi-bo-a-6e 






3. 


bl-bo-PTtU 


t-bi-ba-vTO 


bi-b6-o6<ao-av\ 
bt-b6-<r0ap S 
















8.1. 




€-b6-IU)P 






2 Aorist. 


2. 




f-bov 


bov 




Stem bo. 


3. 




f-bo-TO 


bo-o~8a 








Etc, as Imperfect. 


Etc, as Present. 





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VEEBS IN -III, F1BST CLASS. 
(Verb-stem, 80). 



109 



VOICE. 



SUBJUNCTIVE. 

Principal. 



8i-8co 
8t-8y-f 
84-80) 
8i-8o>-roy 

8l-8ft>-TOV 

8»-8«o-rf 
8i-8£-o"t(v) 



OPTATIVE. 

Historical. 



8i-8otijj» 
8i-8oirjs 
8i-8oitj 

ii-tioinrov, dt&oiToy 
ti-boiTfrjjv, 8i8oirijv 
8i-8o(i//iev, 81801/10/ 
Si-SoirjTC, 8l8oiT€ 
8i-8olvo-av, 8180U11 



VERB INFINITE. 



Infinitive. 



&1-&6-1HU 



Participle. 



M. 8t-8ov-s 
F. 8t-8ov-o~a 

n. 8t-8o-v 

Stem SiSovt 



8S> 

8«p-r 

8tj> 

8&T0V 

8&tov 
Sa-ptv 
flffl-re 
8ei-(n(v) 



80171; 
ioir/s 

8o»nroi' ) doiror 

Boijfnjp, 8olrt)v 

bolrfiuv, doiftxv 

Solr/Tt, 8olxt 

ioirj(rav, dotev 



dov-vai 



M. 8ou-s 
F. 8ov-<ra 

N. 8<}-i, 
Stem 80 »r 



VOICE. 



Si-Sio-fiai 

8(-8*3 

8i-8£-rcu 

8i-8a-fu6ov 

8i-8a>-o'0ov 

Qt-hGr-trOov 

8i~8a-/it6a 

8i-8a>-o , 6i 

8i-8oi-vrat 



8i-8oi-tu/>< 

81-80I-0 

8i-8oi"-ro 

8i-8oi-/idW 

8t-8oT-<r6W 

8i-8oi-a6nv 

8t-8ol-fu8a 

8i-8ot-o~0e 

bi-boi-vro 



8i-8o-o-6cu 



M. 8t-B6-ii(vos 
F. 8lr8o-lUtrtf 

N. 8i-86-fuvov 
Stem 8i8o/itvo 



8a>-fiai 

8<j> 

8«i>-r<u 

Etc., as Present. 



8oi-fU]v 
801-0 

doi-TO 

Etc., aB Present. 



8d-<r6Vu 



M. 86-fitvos 
F. So-fievT/ 

N. So-flfVOV 

Stem 8ofi(vo 



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110 



VERBS IN III. SECOND CLASS. 



< 

O 


j 

i 
3 
H 


a a a 

-» o c~ "w w k 

a. «• C ,C 3. g 6 

oooooSSo 

1 1 1 1 > 1 1 1 

-s-s-p^s 3-3-3-3 

;-» i. ~ r„ ^ ^ ^ i* 
t I I I I I I I 


ft 

■53 

s 

§ 

1 
<3 

& 

I 

% 
I 

V 
to 

*o 

•& 

3 

s 

si 

* 

to 

«o 

"s 

<< 


63 


1 


ft ft a 

ft "53 O C-Qi to ~. 

000000000 
1 1 ■ 1 1 1 1 1 1 

3-3-3 3^3 3 3*3 "3 
ft ;i ~ s. ^ i* a A a 
rtii iij it 



s? 

Cm 



to 

a. 

-)3 

1 

ii 

b 

3 
1 

IV 
*o 

11 
Si 

a 


> 

H 
o 

to 

D 

a 
b 

en 


B 

a 
'C 

£ 


^ ^ 5 ^ 

O O 3 to k 

3 c^ c- c- c- 3 e* 3 

i i i r i i i i 

-3-3-3-3-3-3-3-3 

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ■ 


a => ^» 
S ^^pco^^tt 

5- C ?■ fc b 3- b 1 
3 c: c--3 c i?--3 c^ 3 
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

-3 "'3*3 3*3-3 3 ••3-3 
1 1 1 r 1 1 1 1 1 


IB 

> 

H 

•4 

es 
P 

g 


1 | 

3 p 3 u, 3 £ 
f ^- \- ^ h S 

'3-:>3 33 ^3 S3*»3-3 

a & A & & & A 
riii iii 

^V ¥ * * « « K 

in W <v b * In lu 

«o <o *© <=o «o *o «o 


ft 

a 

* 5 5 * 

~ 3 o3 vji 3 3 

O ^ ^t. <^> <^J ^ ^ 

b b b b b b b 

it it I f f 

iii w iu w h C lu 
*0 «0 <Q«3 *0 «0 <0 


> 

Q 


| 
o 

W 


a a ^ s 

■^ O c* *** to " 

,8 ft c t-Ufb 

c+r i i i i i i i 
S>'» '» '» »»"»» '» >» '=> 

■l. i ^ ^ ^ .% a i a 

A 1 1 J 1 1 1 1 1 

J~- lu^lvil/luWtVlu 

1 1 „l 1 ( 1 1 1 


r fc W 

-3 i3 33-3 3-3-3 3 3 
1 I 1 I 1 I I I I 

tototo\utototototo 
i=0 <iO eo <o *3 «o <o <Q CO 
«' #.' ' «' -.' *' 1 1 | 


-3 
a. 
"3 

a 

£ 


O ft /-\ 

ft ' — ' & 
•♦» ^^ ft ft ft r» w 
s£ *i -* o o *** u* b -* 

S icb C S ifig b 
<»,',' i « i i i i » 

<u '3 13 '3 33 >3 33 >3 *3 O 
~ 1 f 1 1 


O ^ a q 

g a e w^^s;^ c 
fbha.bba.ba 

33 >3 )3 S> 3 3 3 '33 3 3 
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


U Ui ^ ^ U '.' Ui u 


•0 


•ao 


U3J 




- 


HNMHNMrtlNO 
OQ ri Ph' 


■ 
M 

B 
H 


» g 1 


3 

^ — &3 — 

80s « 

^ s B 



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( 111 ) 



XXVI.— EXERCISES ON VERBS IN /o. 
FIRST CLASS, frrtytu, Tt%u, ftfo/u. 

1. iom)fu. 

In the Active Voice, the Present, Imperfect, Future, and 
1 Aorist are Transitive, and signify to cause to stand, to 
place ; the Perfect, Pluperfect, aud 2 Aorist are Intransi- 
tive, 2 Aor. Son/v, I stood. The Perfect l-on^ca has the 
meaning of a Present, I stand : it bas a shortened form in 
the Dual and Plural of the Perfect and Pluperfect Indi- 
cative, and in the other moods. 

Perfect Indicative. 

Sing, fonyica t<mjKos amjKt(v) 

Dual. tararov l<rr$.rw 

Plur. eora.fi.cv iorare «rro<ri(v) 

Pluperfect Indicative. 

Sing. cUrnJKfiv ciot^kcis cuttjJku 

Dual. hrrarov iorarrp' 

Plur. lo-ra/xtv iorart ioracraa/ 

Imp. ?<rra0i. Subj. iarm. Opt. foraCrjV. Inf. iarravau 
Part, cordis, loruxra, torais or ds. 

Gen. toron-os, tortuoTjs, Iotwtos, &0. 

Exercise LV. 
Active Voice. 

A. — 1. pr] a<f>umj tovs veous T-ijs «ri t^i' dperiji' 68ov. 2. to 
MtAnaSov TpoVatov ©quaroicAca «k Toil' varan' iyurrqmv. 
3. <£vAaTTOV, ftj) to KtpSos cr« ri}s SiKaioowijs atfuxTT^. 4. 17 
irevia tous avdpvnraxR irpoi ras Ttyyai oavOTepovs Ka&urrqcrw. 

5. ol "EAA.ip'ts t« icai *Po)/iaibi vikijcoitc? Tpoiraia dviirrao-av. 

6. 01 KopivOwi iroAXovs ovixfia\ovi airttrrrjaav (aor. 1) djro tuV 
, A0ip'aiu>v. 7. 01 Na£ioi diro tSv "A#>;v<hW diromjo-av (aor. 2). 
8. TrapdoTa* tois d , mx«0'iv. 9. 01 'Aftjl'OlOl tois Na£uus 
dirooraowf dir avruV tiroXe/iJ^rav. 10. irapaoTaCrjTt tois 
d-n^eo-iv. 

• In compounds this form occurs, instead of trap a-crrij0i. 
f 2 Aor. participle. 



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112 T<m)(U. 



1. He makes the youths turn-away from the path to virtue. 
2. He made many allies tnra-away from (revolt from, aor. 1) the 
Athenians. 3. Many allies revolted (aor. 2) from the Athenians. 
4. Glory was waking him up from his sleep (pi.). 5. Glory woke 
him up (aor. 1) from his sleep (pi.). 6. Pericles set-up (aor. 1) 
many trophies. 7. Pericles stood-by (aor. 2) the unfortunate. 
8. Do ye stand-by the unfortunate. 9. The Greeks honoured the 
allies who-revolted (part.) from the Athenians. 10. The allies who- 
revolted (part.) from the Athenians are not worthy of praise. 

B. — 1. 6 TairaXos br tjj M/arg SuJ/tL&rjs larifKtv. 2. Kovcfx&s 
<f>cptw 8a tus irap*araxrai Tuj^as. 3. iraoTjs vpovoias f) Tvyyi 
twarwTtpa KaBi<rrr)Ktv. 4. ax Iuwucai irdAcis iraarai irpos 
Kvpov a<j>t(rrrJKe<ra.v irXrjv MiAiJtov. 5. rpta icrriv, i£ &v r) 
iroXirtia awfxrrriKfv, 6 apxmv, 6 oucaonjs, 6 (Stamps. 6. 'Hpa- 
k\uto$ hfyq Ik irvpos ra travra ovvtardyax. 

1. Tantalus stands (perf.) thirsty in the lake. 2. It-is-necessary 
to bear lightly the present (perf. part.) misfortune. 3. The city 
has revolted to Cyrus. 4. All the Ionic cities have revolted to 
Cyrus except Miletus. 5. The messenger said that all the Ionio 
cities had revolted (use ace. case and infinitive) to Cyrus except 
Miletus. 6. The commonwealth consists- (perf.) of (c'«c) three-things, 
the ruler, the judge, the private-citizen. 

Exercise LVL 

Passive and Middle Voices. 

1. 7rpo fiiOrp avioraxro. 2. narakvOarroi TOV HtKovowrf- 
triaxov iroXi/xov,* S\.iyapx{a,v hr tois irAturrcus v6\to~i koBi- 
aravro. 3. Mikgjs irpurros 'EU^iw vairroc^v Sitya/uv ajjioXoyov 
oweonjowo. 4. vjto AwrdySpov, rov Sira/marov, hf 'A&rpnus 
rptaxovra rvpayvoi Ka.Tt<rrd.(h)o-a.v. 5. 'Ayrjo-tXaws tous 'Axap- 
vavas rpaj/afievoi tp&Kaxov hmfaa.ro. 6. tois Kparownv ov 8ti 
avOurra&Oat., aWa j&aXAov virtucew. 7. ®«os Tots ifyounv oi 
■aapurrarau 8. arotxeia Ttcrcrapa. iarw, i£ &v irdvra owMrrarai' 
irvp, a-qp, vBiop Kal yfj. ft ot 'A&tjvaioi rbv Utipaia ifiiropwv 
KorttmqeravTO. 10. 6 2o\a>i' o~wtxrrq<7ajo rrpr iv 'Aptita irdyxg 
ftovkrjv (k t5>v kot' mavroVJ' ap\6vr<av. 

1. He rises-up before drunkenness. 2. Lysander, the Spartan, 
establishes an oligarchy in Athens. 3. An oligarchy was established 
by the Spartans in most cities. 4. The Athenians got-together a 
memorable naval force. 6. The Spartans having put the enemies 

* Genitive absolute. f Equivalent to an adjective, annual. 

Digitized by Lj OOQ IC 



Tl&y/ju. 113 

to flight set-up trophies. G. They did not resist (imp.) those who- 
were-in-power (part.). 7. Do not resist those who-are-in-power, 
but rather yield (to them). 8. The gods do not assist the idle. 
9. Do not ye assist the idle. 10. The king established the city (as) 
an emporium. 

2. «%u. 

In the Imperfect, the 2 Sing, cruets and the 3 Sing. 
trWti are the usual forms. 

tl&tjiu and two other verbs StSw/xt and l-qpi (see below, 
p. 118) have an irregular First Aorist in ko : iOtjKa, tSowca, 
^ica. In the verb t/S-j/u the Sing, of the First Aorist 
Indie, is generally used, but the Dual and Plural of the 
Second Aorist. The other moods have the Second Aorist 
exclusively. Hence the real forms of the Aorist are : — 

Sing. lOijKa ZffrjKCK e&jKt(v) 

Dual. i$erov lOerqv 

Plur. tOtfixv «0ere i$«ray. 

Imp. 0«. Subj. 6S>. Opt. Othpr. Inf. Owai. Part. Otk. 

Exercise LVII. 

Active Voice. 

A. — 1. T<ji icc-ASs iroioiWl <?eos iroXXo dya(9a rfflrjaiv. 2. 6 
UXovros jroXXaAcis fieTaTfflrpri rovs r&v avOpiinrmv Tpoiraus. 3. 
-roAAaias ot avdpanroi tow t8ux« kcucok aXXorpia irpoan0ca<Tur. 
4. ot <ro<purral rrpf aptTrp> irpoerffltvav. 5. ij TV)(r) iraira av 
//.eramOtir). 6. ov p^Sunv ttjv <pv<riv p-erariBivai. 7. jroAAa/as 
Sokovjtcs 6rja-(W kolkov icrOXav Wtp.tv. 8. apyakew yrjpas 
e$j]Kt Otos. 9. 'AOrp'auoi xakiajv Troitjcraptvoi Xiaa/av iv iruXais 
■njs aKpoirdXtajs aviOeaay. 10. AvKovpyov, w Oevra Aokc&u- 
povlois vop.ovs, piiXiara 6a.vpAtpp.ev. 

1. To those who-do (part.) well the gods give (say place) many 
good-things. 2. God gave (soy placed, aor.) to men many good- 
things. 3. The war changed (aor.) the character* of the men. 
4. Ihe war will change all things. 5. The sophist set forth virtue. 
6. Fortune changed all things. 7. The gods made (say placed) 
old-age burdensome. 8. Pericles put-up a brazen lioness in the 
gates of the acropolis. 9. Lycurgus enacted (toy placed) laws for 
the Lacedaemonians. 10. You were making (say were placing, 
imperf.,) a bad man good 



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114 ridtjfii. 

B. — 1. 6 ir6X.tp.os irdvra ptrartOtiKtv. 2. irpo t^s operas 
Otol ISpSrra iOtvav. 3. <rol ^or^v liri.6rjO-op.tv. 4. 17 (pvcris t<3 
ram Ta irrtpa koct/xov vtpitQrjKev. 5. 6 Awcovpyos vd/uovs yt- 
ypapp.ivov% ovk l0rjK€v. 6. 6 r^v eavrou oikuiv koAcus oIkuiv Kal 
to KOiva rrji 7rdA€<i>s koXcSs 8ia0ijo-€i. 7. ov^ oi avOpdnroi, aAV 
ol 0coi tois avOpmroi? tovs Taw 7rdA.«oj' vo/iovs TtOoKacnv. 8. 6 
<rrparj/yos dywa tOi/Kcy. 9. 6 AyrjalXaos ao-K^cai to trrparev/ta 
fiovXo/xevos adXa. Trpov0r)K€v* 10. 0*s ty cppevos Sikroicri tous 
c/xovs Adyovs. 

1. The war had changed all-things. 2. I will impose a fine upon 
you. 3. The citizens imposed a fine upon me. 4. The city has 
imposed a fine upon the sophists. 5. LyCurgus had not enacted 
(soy placed) written laws. 6. Those who-arrange (part) well their 
own houses will manage well the common-affairs of the state. 
7. Not men, but the gods had enacted (say had placed) for men the 
laws of the cities. 8. The generals instituted contests. 9. The 
generals wishing to exercise the army put-forth prizes. 10. Do ye 
put (aor.) my words in the tablets of (your) minds. 

* For irpoc0i;ra>- The Preposition irpo is frequently thus contracted with the 
Augment. 

Exercise LVIII. 

Passive and Middle Voice. 

1. ol K.(\Ti{2r]pK Trtpl Tas tceqiaAas Kpavrj )(oXk3. irtpiTiOcvrau 
2. Tt's of (Ko>v <piX.ov atppova. Ooito; 3. 6 EevoqSujy aTriOtro tov 
<n«pavov. 4. 6 Eo'cx^ujc iiredero rbv oTt<pca>ov. 5. AAiei/JidSijs 
i<pvycv cis %iraprqv kcu tows AoKtSai/xovtous vapmiwev ItnOiaOai 
tois 'A^vaibis. 6. i<p68iov ets to yi}/>as Kararidov. 7. ol 
irokZrax tfrofipvirrai, prj ol irokipjjoi rg jrdXti iiriTtOS>VTau 8. 6 
SoAojv vopovs 'A0i)vaCois Wero. 9. 'HpaicAijs rip/ Sopav tov Iv 
Nt/xe'a Xtovros irtpUOero. 10. Zeus es rrp/ YLprfrrp/ ocrefots vif 
atyos avtrpafa. 11. ouStva aptlvia Oriaavpov koto&jot; tois 
Traioi T>}s aiSovs. 

1. He puts a brazen helmet round his (the) head. 2. They put 
(2 aor. mid.) brazen helmets round their (the) heads. 3. They will 
put brazen helmets round their (the) heads. 4. The soldiers will 
put-away the crowns. 5. The soldiers put-on (2 aor. mid.) the 
crowns. 6. -The Lacedaemonians attacked the Athenians. 7. The- 
mistocles fled to the king of the Persians and exhorted him to 
attack the Athenians. 8. He laid-by travelling-money for old-age. 
9. The citizens were afraid, lest the enemy should attack (2 aor. opt. 
mid.) the city. 10. Ye will lay-by no better treasure for children 
than modesty. 



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SiSa/ii. U5 

3. StSwfu. 

In the Imperfect Active Singular, c8t8ow, IStSoxn, cSiSov 
are the common forms in use. 

The 2 Aorist is not used in the Singular, but only in 
the Dual and Plural. The 1 Aor. is used in the Singular, 
and also in the Plural, but not in the Dual. See Para- 
digm, p. 108. 

Exercise LIX. 

Active Voice. 

A. — 1. ol dtol irdvTo Sioodow. 2. ywaucl apytw ov Si&oxriv 
t) <j>v<ns- 3. & /icucapes foot, Sort p.ot o\f$ov Kai 86$av ayaOr/v 
ix tLV - 4- ° irXovros, ov av oakn 0eot, c/u.irc8ds cotiv. 5. ij 
<pvcr« Tavpois £8«mc« Ktpat, Kcvrpa /AfXtTTcus. 6. «r0A<{i avSpt 
Kal iaOXa. SiSaxri 0<os. 7- 7rra>x<3 ev#vs SiSov. 8. ©cos /xot 
Sot'ij <^t\ous mo-rous. 9. tow irXovcriois irpemi tow irr<i>x"ts 
oovrai. 10. ot orpaTuurat tj/v ■jtoXu' rots iroXe/ubis ■jrpovStoWai'. 

1. The gods were-giving all tilings. 2. The gods will give all- 
things. 3. Give to me, God,* riches (sing.) and a good reputation 
to possess (say have). 4. Nature did not give to women to rule. 
5. The wealth which God has given (aor.) is lasting. 6. God gave 
to a good man good-things also. 7. Give ye to the poor imme- 
diately. 8. May the gods give me faithful friends. 9. Alcihiades 
was betraying the city to the Lacedaemonians. 10. Alcibiades 
betrayed the city to the Lacedaemonians. 

* The Voc of &€6s is the same as the Nom. 

B. — 1. 8«f rout ayaflovs acSpas ytwaiun <f>iptw, on iv 6 
0cos 8tS<3. 2. os av fxiXky ttjv irarptSa irpoSiSovai, fieyump 
tfl/xtas d£tos icrnv. 3. ot 6toC /iot ami kok£>v ayaOa. StSotcp. 
4. c^iAos KJitkov oi irpoouxrct. 5. 6 6tbs rj/uv ftpaxyv xpovov 
TOV filOV IStlMCCe. 6. ol 'fcotVucce rots "EXAi^ri Ta ypap.pM.Ta 
7rapao , £oaMcao~a'. 7. iroAAa Stupa otaSouvcu (pourif Kvpov rots 
^XtKtwrats. 8. 6 Kipwv TJjv \wpav oliajaai iraptoWe Tots "Aftj- 
vcu'ois. 9. Kap./?vo-»^ ovk T/#cXe /3tav irpocrtptpnv ^otVt^tv, 
on c/coVrcs cavrous cScowKCcray IIcpo~ai?. 10. ol 0eot rots p.ev 
aXXot? iprriTois ?rd8as l&i>Kav, avOpunrw 8c «at x f */><** irpoaiOtcrav. 

1. It-is-necessary for you to bear nobly whatsoever the gods may 
give. 2. Who would betray a friend (opt. with &v) ? 3. The gods 

+ The Impersonal Verb J«t governs the Accusative case. 
J They lay, from faiii. See p. 121. 



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] 16 ilSw/u. 

gave to me good-things instead of bad. 4. The gods had given 
to me good-things instead of bad. 5. Cyrus distributed many 
gifts to those-of-his-own-age. 6. Cyrus having distribute many 
gifts to his (the) soldiers will attack the enemies. 7. Cyrus gave 
three thousand darics to the prophet. 8. The Phoenicians have 
given themselves willingly (use adj.). 9. He had given himBelf 
willingly. 10. They say that the l'ersians have given themselves 
willingly (use accusative case and infinitive mood). 

Exercise LX. 

Passive and Middle Voice. 

1. jroAXa oaipa dcSorat tois avOpanrots irapa rStv 6tS>v. 2. 
irar-piSes woXAouas 8to xepSos vpovbofrritray. 3. 'AAefavopos 
im&oro tovs tkeodipawi. 4. ol iroXtrat jtofiovvrai, /t^ f) irdXis 
irpoStSSrai. §. ftiyirore into raw <f>i\w wpoSiSoio. 6. 6 
orparoe vjt ovrow tov «rrponjyov wpovSicWo. 7. a7rd8ov to 
(cvjr«X\ov. 8. SicWe, /cal So&jo-ctoi fyuv. 9. 6 xpcW o 8e8o- 
uo'os ^fuy oAiyos ^oto'. 10. rots voirjrais iroXXol SeoWrai 

KOCT/XOL. 

1. All-things have been given by God. 2. Crowns had been 
given to the soldiers by the citizens. 3. The crowns which-have- 
been-given (use perf. part.) to the soldiers are beautiful. 4. The 
generals sold the free-men. 5. The citizens are afraid lest the 
enemies should sell the free-men. 6. The citizens were afraid lest 
the enemies should sell the free-men. 7. The citizens were afraid 
lest the city should be betrayed. 8. Sell (pi.) the goblets. 9. Many 
ornaments were given (aor. pass.) to the poets. 10. Many ornaments 
will be given to the poets. 



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( 117 ) 

XXVII.— EXERCISES ON VERBS IN /«. FIRST 

CLASS (continued), fyfii, elfii, iprj/il, xeifiai, rjfiai.. 

1. 07/u, J cause to go, I send. The Stem is I, whence in 
the Present 117-/U. It is conjugated like rC&q/u. It is 
more usually found compounded with a Preposition. 

The Conjugation of the Present, Imperfect, and Second 
Aorist, is given on the following pages. The other Tenses, 
given below, are conjugated like verbs in <o. 

ACTIVE VOICE. 



Futon. 


1 Aorist. 

§-(ea 

only in Sing. 


Pert and Prop, 
et-ica 
ft-Kfir 



PASSIVE AND MIDDLE VOICE. 



Pat. and PIup. Pass, 
and Mid. 
fl-pai 

CI-/UJI' 


1 Aorist Tasa. 


1 Future Pass. 
i-BrjorofUU 

1 Future Middle. 
■q-orofial 



Verbals, e-ro* t-r«'-or. 

Exercise LXI. (117/u). 

1. uri napCa xa\£. 2. fix.6Up.cv *£kto/h vixrjv. 3. "HAios 
d/mvas iiirprw. 4. Movcra dotSw dn}ictv deioW. 5. ra vtpur- 
trtuovra rZv Xoytav a<£cs. 6. •yeXcus /oj jtoAus ?oto> ^Si dv«- 
/ueVos. 7. ot dya0ol ov Sta tov vrrvov p.(.6ia<ri. ra Stovra 
■7rpd.TTf.1v. 8. d<£eis ra <f>av€pa fir] StWe Ta d^avi/. 9. iroAAoi 
avOpunroi i<pievrai irXovrov. 10. irs'Sas ktyowriy €ts tok EAAij<r- 
irovrov KaOtivax Hipfrqv. 

1. The philosopher does not let what-is-beautifulpass by. 2. The 
soldiers were giving-up the victory to the enemies. 3. The soldiers 
gave-up the victory to the enemy. 4. The sun was sending-forth 
(his) beams. 5. The sun will send-forth (his) beams. 6. The 
Muses urge the bard to sing. 7. The Muses urged the bard to 
siDg. 8. He dismissed the superfluity (n. pi.) of words. 9. They 
neglected to do what-was-nccessary (necessary-things). 10. Xerxes 
let-down (aor.) fetters into the Hellespont. 



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118 



MJ/.M. 



"-ij-/u, I send 
ACTIVE 





i 




INDICATIVE 






Tenses. 


i 








IMPERATIVE. 




a. 


Principal. 


Historical. 












Present. 


Imperfect. 








s. 


1. 


«-r/-/" 


l-T)-V (f-tiv) 






Present 

AND 




2. 
3. 


i-q-r 
t-i^<r«(i>) 


(J-rf s) %-tis 
jji-lj) l-u 


1-6-TU) 




Imperfect. 


D. 


2. 
3. 


t-f-TOV 


i-t-rov 

i-€-T7jV 


i-e-roi; 








e-f-Toi' 


i-i-rav 




Stem U. 


P. 


1. 


rW-f»CK 


l-£-pCV 










2. 


i-e-re 


«-e-r< 


tt-Tt 








3. 


i-a-<r«(i>) 


t-t-trap 


i-i-ra<rap ) 
i-4-vrav J 
























2 Aor. 1 -4or. 








S. 


1. 




S-(CO 

r)-(ea-s 










2. 




e-s 




2 Aorist. 


D. 


3. 
2. 




ei-rop 


c-r» 








i-rop 




Stem €. 


P. 


3. 
1. 
2. 
3. 




tt-n;i» 
el-pcv 

a-cav tjkclv 


e-T«>v 

tTCHray \ 
t-vrav } 
















MIDDLE 








Present, 


Imperfect. 








S. 


1. 


it-pat 


i-i-iufv 










2. 


t-e-trai 


Xt-<TO 


t-t-tro, t-ov 




Present 




3. 


J-6-rai 


e-e-ro 


l-f-a0a 




AND 


D. 


1. 


\rt-fu6ov 


l-4-/it6ov 






Impebfeot. 




2. 


X-c-aBov 


{-(-<r8ov 


i-c-adop 




Stem 2c. 


P. 


3. 
1. 


%-e-<T0ov 
l-i-fuda 


i-4-pt6a 


t-i-<rOu>v 








2. 


l-t-<r6t 


t-t-cBe 


l-c-<r8e 








8. 


l-t-vrai 


i-f-VTO 


l-4-<T0axrap ) 
l-i-odnv \ 
















2. Aorist. 


3. 


1. 

2. 




€l-|M7l» 


• 










tl-<ro 


oC 




Stem r. 




3. 




tt-TO 

Etc., as Imperfect 


i-adio 
Etc., as Present. 





"N 



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«»**• 



119 



(Verb-stem, 4). 








VOICE. 








SUBJUNCTIVE. 
Principal. 


OPTATIVE. 
Historical. 


VERB INFINITE. 




Infinitive. 


Participle. 








Or 








l-2> 


< / 

t-ttl/K 


(OCfU 


i-i-vai 


M. l-ti-s 




HJ-r 


i-titjs 


(OtC 




F. l-ti-<ra 




'"? 


l-tlt, 


KM 




N. i-4-p 




l-rj-TOV 


i-tinrov, Utrov 


toitov 




Stem Uvt 




i-rj^rov 


i-tufnjv, itirrjv 


MMT1JV 








l-a-jitv 


i-flijfitv, Uipcv 


loiptV 








l-fj-re 


l-tityrt, J«ire 


toere 








l-&-<ri(v) 


i-€irj<rav, UUv 


touv 








& 


e'nv 




tl-vai 


M. t"-s 




? 


it 






¥. tl-ua 

N. i-v 




fi-TOI> 

ri-rov 


urerov, tixov 






Stem ivr 




«ir/njv, ttrtiv 










<&-p(V 


e"r)iiev, tuuv 










§-T6 


t"t)Tf, (ITt 










«S-o-»(i>) 


fl-qcrav, tiev 








VOICE. 












Or 








J-S-/MU 


l-et-ptjv 


loi/irjv 


?-C-<T0CU 


M. i-t-ptvos 




'"? 


l-fi-o 


(010 




V. 1-i-iUvT) 




i-fj-rai 


I-fi-ro 


Ioito 




N. i-i-pevov 




i~d>-fic(lov 


i-ei-pt0ov 


ioiptdov 




Stem U/itvo 




i-fj-ctW 


1-€i-<t6ov 


loiaBov 






i-rj-<r6ov 


l-ti-trdnv 

l-el-fieda 


hioOnv 
ioiptOa 








i-w-juOa 








i-rj-<r0e 


i-t1-<70€ 


tourSt 








l-a-yrai 


l-tl-VTO 


towro 












„ 0r 








•S-pcu 


t'-fajv 


o'lOfV 


i-<T0ai 


M. t-pevos 
F. e-pevr) 




$ 


el-o 


ova 






S-TO( 

Eta, as Present. 


el-ro 


olro 




N. t-pevov 




Etc. 


Etc. 




Stem ificvo 










Digitized b 


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* 



? 



120 et/u. 

2. (Tin, I shall go. Stem i. 

With the Stem compare Latin i-re, " to go." The Pre- 
sent, especially in the Indicative, has a Future meaning. 
The Imperfect has the terminations of a Pluperfect. 



1 i 


INDICATIVE 


IMPERA- 
TIVE. 


SUBJUNCTIVE. 
Principal. 


OPTATIVE. 
Historical. 


Principal. 


Historical 




P>esent. 


Imperfect. 








Or 


S. 1. 


ti-iu 


nttv or na 
get „ £«v 




ua 


fot/U 


(0<r;i> 


2. 
3. 


«i-<rt(i/) 


Ml 
tra> 


tpr 


tots 

* 

tot 


loiijr 

(0(1/ 


D. 2. 


Itop 


ITOV 


ujrov 


totTOV 


loinrov 


3. 


i-to» 


jjflTt)V „ }JTT)» 


iTtav 


irjrov 


WITIJV 


(oiijnjv 


P. 1. 

2. 


i-utv 

* 
t-re 


fjfipev „ jjiuv 
jltirt „ jjrt 


Irt 


"mfifv 


tot/tev 
totre 


lOltf/KV 

loiijTt 


3. 


i-S<ri(v) 


jjca-av 


iTa<rav) 
lovrav J 


io<n(v) 


IOUV 

















Infinitive, livai. Participle, la>v, iova-a, toV, Stem lovr. 



Exercise LXII. 

1. "to) Ttt irpay fw.ro, ovrrj t<3 0e<3 <f>!Xov. 2. hcturt airt/iev. 
8. <f)evyt Si^ooTar/tas icai qotv, irdkifum wpoaiovros. 4. 17 
MavSarr/ irapeo~Kcva£cro ws diriowa iraXtf irpos tov avSpa. 
5. «7tiovtu)v Ile/xrujv AaxcSat/ioVtot IfSovX-evovro rtiyurax rrjv 
~$,irapnr]v. 6. ot Awtravot iratavas poWrtv, orav tV /*ax?7 
brlaxri rots ajTtTCToy/u.ei'ots. 7. ot oivyaSes Karjjto-av *ai to; 
Tefyiy KarivKairrov. 8. ot SeiAot kwcs tovs /*ev ffaptoVras 
SuoKovcrt tovs 8c 8tuK0vra« <f>tvyowriv. 9. IIcpucX^s oceAEvcree 
'A&^atbvs ifiPaXovrmv Aa,K(8au(i.avuav tts TrjK 'Attik^j' /if) 
eirefitVat, dAA* coxo ret^ovs pevuv. 10. A^/nrJnjp Kara n-ao-av 
ttjv yfji' fip-owra ttjv dvyaripa TLtpcroftoirijv irepvgtu 

1. They will go-away to-yonder-place. 2. Avoid (pi.) dissensions 
and strife when the enemy are approaching (gen. absolute). 3. The 
citizens were making preparations, intending to return (at with 
participle) to the city. 4. He was afraid lest Mandane should 
return to her (the) husband. 5. The Lacedemonians advanced- 
againstthose-who-were-drawn-up-against-them(aoristpart.). 6. The 
exiles will return (xarct/u used of a return of exiles), and will raze 
the walls to the ground. 7. The citizens were afraid lest the exiles 



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(jt'qfu, Kelfiai, fjpai. 121 

should return and raze the city to the ground. 8. When the Lace- 
daemonians invaded (gen. absolute) Attica, the Athenians did not 
go out to meet them. 9. Demeter will go-round through (xctrd 
with aoc.) all the world, seeking her daughter Persephone^ 10. The 
philosopher went-round through all the world seeking wisdom. 

3. 4"VH> I* a V- Stem $a. 

INDICATIVE PRESENT. 
Sing. Dual. Plur. 

4>r)fiC, <£j?s» ^W^iy) <f>aTOv, <jxlt6v <jxifi.iv, <f>ari, $cUn(v) 

Indicative Imperfect. 

3£<t>r]v, e<j>rj(r6a, ifa) eifmrov, i<f>a.T7]v €<f>afi.a', i<jtar€, i<fxuraa> 
Imp. <jxt.6i, or <jmOi, </><xtu). Plur. 2. fare. 
Subj. <£<S, 4%% itfj, ,&c. 
Optat. tJMirjv <t>alr}<>, (jxritj, &C. 
Infin. jmvolu Fart. (<£<«.•) or jmo-kwv. Mid. <j>djitv<K. 
Fut. ffrfyrw. 1 Aor. i^yifira. 

Note.— The Present Indicative of fri/ii, with the exception of the 
2nd Pers. Sing., is an enclitic, and therefore throws its accent back on 
the last syllable of the preceding word. 

4. Ktijxai, I lie. Stem «i» has the inflection of a Perfect. 

Indicative Present. 

Sing. Plur. 

Kttjxtu, Kturai, KCirai xtlfieOa, KilarOe, Ktlvrai. 

Indicative Imperfect. 
Sing. Plur. 

fK€Lfi.r]v, iKfuro, (Kara iKf.ip.t6a, hceurQt, tKtivro. 

Imp. kcuto 

Subj. Sing. 3. iceirrai Plur. 3. Kcwvrat 
Optet. Sing. 3. «Wo Plur. 3. neourro 
Infin. KturOai 
Fart, xct/icvos. 

5. viiai, I sit. Stem 4js, has, like Ktlpax, the inflection of a 
Perfect. 

Indicative Present. 

Sing. Dual. Plur. 

$101, rjcraL, iy<rrai y/K&ov, rj<r6ov, %o-0ov yptOa, fade, qvrcu. 



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122 </w?/*4 Kelfuu, fjiicu. 

Indicative Imperfect. 
Sing. Dual. Pfar. 

^(irpr, fpo, IpTO riiixOov, fyrOov, vpOrjv rjfi.€0a, frOt, ijvro 

Imp. rjcro, r)<r6(o, Ac. Infin. ^trOau 

Fart. fjfA.ct'os. 

In Attic prose we find almost always Kafir/fuu, not Ijiuu. 
In the 3 Sing. Pres. the o- is omitted: Ka&tp-ai. In the 
Imperf. we have inaOyfajv or KaO^firjv; 3 Sing. hcdPrjro or 
Ka6rj<rro ; 3 Plur. iKa&rpiro or KoBrjvro. The following forms 
also occur : 

Imp. KaOrjcro or KaOov 
Subj. KaO&fuu, Ka6n, KaBrjrai, &C. 
Optat. KcSoifuriv, KafioTo, kuOoito, &0. 
Infin. KaBrjirOai. Part. Ka^/ttvos. 



Exercise LXIH. 

1. fafuv -npr aperijv &<f>fX.i/wv ttvai. 2. tos Terras mjryds 
•Jiacri rfbv koXSsv etvat. 3. ot 'AOr/vaxoi. l<fxurav avro^ovas 
cavrovs ttyai. 4. eav tis orpanjybi ir6X.iv iiavBpairoSCtnjrai, 
tfrrj<roii,cir tovtov doWu'; 5. ra T*/i7nj &m \S>poi pera£v 
KUfktvoi tow re 'OXv/wrou *cai tijs "Oo-otjs. 6. xtirai ij 'Ypicavta 
iv aptortpot tijs 68o0 ti)s tiri Bcucrpa <p*pov<rr]<s. 7. dv#d ^ 
ToXis, «v jj &(caarai ouccuoi Ka/hjvrax. 8. «• "Aioov * iKaOijvro 
HKvurrau. ovo, MiVa>s tc Kai 'PaSd/tavfof, ot tovs vcxpovs tKpa/ov. 
d. ij yXavi avtxuro rf} 'A0tjV<f. 10. /oj ^cvy* cTaipov ep kokois 

Ktifi.O'OV, 

1. They say that virtue is useful. 2. They said that the arts are 
the fountains of heautiful (things). 3. The Athenians say that 
they (themselves) are autochthons. 4. If the generals should 
reduce the city to slavery, will you say that these-men act-un- 
justly? 5. You said that Tempe is a spot lying between both 
Olympus and Ossa. 6. He said that Hyrcania lies on the left of 
the road which leads (part.) to Bactra. 7. The cities flourished, in 
which just judges were seated. 8. Two judges sit in Hades, Minos 
and Hhadamanthus, who judge the dead. 9. Owls were dedicated 
to Athena. 10. Do not flee-from (pi.) companions lying in mis- 
fortunes. 

* oUtf understood : t'n the abode of Hades, or simply, in Bodes. 



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( 123 ) 



XXVIIL— EXERCISES ON VERBS IN fu. 
FIRST CLASS (continued). 

Other Verbs, of which the Stems end in a. 

1. 6y-ivrj-fi.i for ov-ovrj-fu (Stem 6vo), I benefit, Mid. ovl- 
fa.jj.ai, I have advantage. 

Fut. 6vti<tu>, ovyjao/j-ai.. 1 Aor. Act. ILvrjca. 

2 Aor. Mid. &vrff>.rfv, mvrjo-o, vvtjto. Opt. 6vaift.r>v. 

Irnporat. onjo-o. Inf. SvcurSai. 
1 Aor. Pass. uyvrfOrjv. 

2. m-/t-^Xij-/tt (Stem irXo) ; additional form, irXrfiv, I fill. 
Fut. irkt]o-u>. Perf. Mid. iri-Trhrfcrfuu. 

1 Aor. Pass. iirkrjcr&r]V. 

3. iri-fi-irprf-fu (Stem irpa), I burn, like rrifji.'irhqfj.i. 

4. XP>7 (Stein xpo, xf*)> Impersonal, one must. Subj. 
XpjJ. Opt. XP £ "?- I*^ AW""- Fart. ^pew (only neuter). 
BLTroxprj, it suffices. 

Imperf. *xPV v or 'XPW' 
Fut. xprj<r€i. 

5. Ki-xpri-fu (Stem xi»)' I lend. Inf. Ki^pavou. 
Fut. -)(pfr)<n). 1 Aor. ixptjcra. 

Deponents. 

6. aya-fiai (Stem a-ya), J admire. 

Fut. ayaxrofuu. 1 Aor. rfydaOrfv. Verb. Adj. dyaerros. 

7. 8wa-/uu (Stem Sv;&), 1 can. 2 Sing. Suyoo-at, rarely 

Imperf. ihwa.ft.riv or rj8vva.fj.Tjv. 2 Sing. eSww. 
Fut. Suvj/ao/xai. 1 Aor. iSwrjOrfv, rarely ihvvaxrOrp: 
Perf. SfSvvrffuu. Verb. Adj. Swards, capable, possible. 

8. iirurra-fuu (Stem faurra), I understand. 2 Sing. «ri- 
oracat. 

Imperf. y)irio~rafi.r)v. 2 Sing. ij?ri<mo. 
Fut. eTTio-njo-o/iai. 1 Aor. rfirurrffiriv. Verb. Adj. ftri- 
anjrds. 
6* 



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124 OTHEB VE11BS IN fU. 

9. lpa-pm (Stem tp4), poetic, I love (commonly ipdui). 
1 Aor. rjpaxrdriv. 

10. Kpifia-fuu (Stem KpqiLa), I hang. 
Fut. Kptprjaopai. 1 Aor. eKptpajcrOrp'. 

Exercise LXIV. 

ovivtiiu, iripnXrfpt, iripirpi)pt, xPVi "XPVP 11 - 

1. Tt toi' veicpbv 6 kcdkvtos wiio^nv; 2. (rotpov irap' dkSpos 
Ypr) <Tcxj>6v ti pa.vQa.vtw. 3. fiov\.r]v Apyeiois virodrjO-optBa, 
i]Ti% ovrpra. 4. tow Krr)pM.T0>v crot t&v iptov Ki^pr/pi on ftovku. 
5. Ilavcravuiv rov AcuctSat/xdi'iov ovocv <3vt;(tcv 17 cc IlXarauus 
vooj. 6. 17 koAakcul avairtp-jrkrio-i Kal i-i/i/ dA^div^v QiAiav 
&7ri0rias. 7. 01 Ilfpo-ai tv tu wpo« tovs 'EAAj/ras Tro\£pq> 
woAAous TaV feus' vti)S ivtirprjaav. 8. 5a>icpdr>7S 7rpo irivTuv 
wiro xPV yaL T0V * avOpanrovs o-axppoo-vvnv KTrj<ra(rdau 9. ®t/xi<7- 
tokAijs oiStv iyj/ro ovrt «/c T))s vav/ta^w ti/s irepl SaAa/ui/a 
ovrt tK T^s irpvrfitMS Ttji tis Swdpn/i'. 10. ot Tupawot ucayaV- 
raroi <i<ri xaicakrai /tec e^pous, oi^om 8e rous <pl\ovs. 

1. Wailing will not benefit a corpse. 2. He says that he ought 
to learn something wise from a wise-man. 3. The advice benefited 
the Argives. 4. 1 will lend to you whatever you wish of my money. 
5. The victory at («V) Platsea) benefited nothing (to) Pausanias 
the Lacedaemonian. 6. Flattery will fill even friends with mistrust. 
7. The barbarians have burnt many temples of the gods. 8. You 
ought to acquire wisdom before all-thinss. 9. The citizens lent money 
to the general. 10. The tyrants benefited their (sat/ the) friends. 

Obs.— In jr<-/t-7rXij-/u and irl-p-irpr)-pi the fir^t p. is a euphonic 
addition : consequently, the p is dropped when these verbs are 
compounded with tv, in order to avoid a repetition of p: as, 
€p-irl-irpi)-pi (not ep-mp-irptj-pt). 

Exercise LXV. 

The Deponents Syaptu, bivapai, iirlarapai, ipapai, itpepapai. 

1. ovk Ipapai irkovruv. 2. to \p(.v&o% ov Svvacrai iXxjOi'S 
irouiv. 3. ixpurrov ion irdvr iirurracrOai icaXa. 4. irdvrts 
Kakws £fjv OiKopev, aSX ov 8wdpt6a. 5. Tas /iera/?oXas rijs 
tvxW' yewatius iirlo^tcuro <ptpuv. 6. hntovs ov iras tirtoraTat 
Otpairevuv, d\X' 6 ImruaK. 7. 6 7rai8ttas ap.vr[Tos virdpxoiv 7ra>s 
aXXovs iraiSevcrai 8wrjv€T<u; 81 OvSctJ «0Ttf| OS vpom)\aKl,o~6tLS 



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SECOND CLASS OF VERBS IN fll. 125 

©we av hwrfitiq eavrcu lva.fi.vvau 9. to xpvo-op.aAXoi' br KoX^ots 
3jv iv 'Apeos 3\<rti Kpep.ap.cvov oc Spuds. 10. ol jtoAItoi tovs 
orparuuras t^s dvSpias rrydo-Orprav. 

1. They do not love to be rich. 2. We are not able to make the 
falsehood true. 3. You know all things beautiful. 4. All of you 
(say you all) wish to live well, but are not able. 5. He knows 
(how) to bear nobly the changes of fortune. 6. He did not know 
(how) to attend-to horses. 7. He was not able to educate the boys. 
8. They were not able to defend themselves. 9. They say that 
the golden-fleece among (iv) the Colchians hangs from an oak. 
10. The philosopher admired the soldiers on-account-of-their-valour 
(gen.). 



XXIX.-EXEECISES ON VEEBS IN /a. 
SECOND CLASS. 

EXEECTSE LXVI. 

bdKPvju, I thow. (See p. 110.) 

1. xpoVos oucaiov avSpa Stwcvwri poVos. 2. fir] brl piKpots 
6£u0up.ov aeavrdv Stoat;. 3. 6 Kvpos tov Ttofipvav dir«8ci£c 
<rrpoTiryov. 4. ot dXij^Ss o~o<pol 6v orrtvSovo-iv briBtuanxrOau. 
tmc avT<ov o~Ofp(av. 5. Sa'£opvtv tois iroA.ep.iois aAAovs avrw/ 
KpttTTovs ttvat, r/v 0eos OiX-y. 6. oXtyot rS>v <£iXocrd<pa»' 68ov 
dirXiJv KaX fiifiaxov vn-oSeucvvWi tov fitov. 7. tijv civotav 
ttjv 7rpos ijp-as ev tois epyois evSewcvuo-fle fiaKKov rj ev tois 
Xdyots. 8. orpaTiryos a7ro8eij(#€is 6 'AXiaptaorp tvOvs 'Ap- 
yeiovs <nift.fi.d)(ovi hrovqat toIs 'Aft^atots. 9. ol Kpvrai to 
</oy<picr/xaTa direSewcvwav. 10. 6 /JaoriXeus tov ovtov uidv trrpa- 
■nryov airoB&kixw. 

1. The gods shewed to us a just man. 2. The gods will shew to 
us a just man. 3. Do not shew (pi.) yourselves quick-to-anger in 
(««) small-matters. 4. Cyrus had appointed Gobryas general 
5. Those truly wise do not exhibit their-own wisdom. 6. philo- 
sophers, do not exhibit your wisdom. 7. They displayed their 
(the) good-will towards us in deeds more than in words. 8. Alci- 
biades was appointed general. 9. The judges have published the 
decrees. 10. The king appointed his own son general. 



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X 



126 SECOND CLASS OF VERBS IN fit. 

Other Verbs in fu of the Second Class. 

The Stems ending in a vowel double v in the Present : 
as, K*p6rwv-fix, I mix. 

Stems in a. 

1. Ktpa-wv-iu. (Stein Ktp&, Kpa), I mix. Fut. (k^xutw) 
KtpG>; 1 Aor. intpcura; Perf. K£<cpaxa; Perf. Pass, or Mid. 
KiKpd/MU ; 1 Aor. Pass. iKpi$ijv, also iKipaxrOrjv. 

2. KptiiA-wv-fu (Stem upcpa), J- hang. -Fat. (jcpefiiaw) 
Kfxjxw ; 1 Aor. iKpi/jMo-a ; Pass, or Mid. KpepAwvpxu, I hang 
myself, or am hung (but icptpafiiu, I hang, Interns.) ; Fut. 
Pass. KptfuuTOrjo-onai ; 1 Aor. iKpeixdcrOr/v, I was hung, or I 
hung, Intrans. 

3. ircra-mj-/ii (Stem irsro), J spread out, expand, open; 
Fut. (ireroo-o)) irerfi; Perf. Pass, or Mid. irenrofuu; 1 Aor. 
Pass. iirerdcrOriv. 

4. o-KfSa-wv-fu (Stem oxcSa), I scatter. Fat. (o7ceSo<ra>) 
o-Ke&J; Perf. Pass, or Mid. io-KtSao-pai ; 1 Aor. Pass, ctkc- 
ZoxtOtjv. 

Stems in «. 

5. 2-mi-/it (Stem orig. At, comp. Lat. ees-fa'8), J clothe, 
put on (in prose only an<f>ifwv(it). Impf. a/Hfaivruv without 
Aug.; Fut. (a(i<fn.i<n>) aa<fum; 1 Aor. ^fjupUo-a; Perf. Pass, 
or Mid. rj/ixftiarpai, rjp,<f>it(rai, rjfi<f>U<rrcu, &C, Inf. rifjL<f>U<T6cu. ; 
Fut. Mid. {ap.<f>ii(Top.ax) d//.<£iov/xou. 

6. Kopi-wv-fu (Stem Kop<), J satisfy, satiate. Fut. (icopeo-at) 
KopS) ; 1 Aor. tKopto-a ; Perf. Pass, or Mid. Kocopeo/uu ; 1 Aor. 
Pass. (KopifrOTrjV. 

7. o-pi-wv-fu (Stem o-p«), J extinguish. Fut. a-fila-m , 
L Aor. io-fito-a, I extinguished ; 2 Aor. Sr/fyv, J ceased to burn, 
went out f Pert. Jcr/fy/ca, I have ceased to burn. Mid. <r/?«V- 
yvftat, J c«we to bum ; Perf. Pass, or Mid. «t)3(?/mu ; 1 Aor. 
Pass. io-fUvOriv. This is the only verb in -w/u, formed 
from a Stem in e, which has a 2 Aorist. 

8. oTopi-wv-fii (Stem crop*), J spread out, abbreviated 
form crropwfu. Fut. (<rrop«r<i>) oropfi; 1 Aor. iaropuja. 
The other tenses are formed from orpaWv/u. 



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SECOND CLASS OF TEKBS IN fU. 127 

Stems in ». 

9. £<a-wv-fu (Stem {«»), I gird. Fut. ^uktcd; 1 Aor. c&otra; 
Perf. Pass, or Mid. efuxjywu. 

10. fMa-wv-p.1 (Stem f«), J strengthen. Fut. pcuo-w ; 1 Aor. 
tppwra ; Perf. Pass, or Mid. ippaipau, Imper. ippwo-o, farewell. 
Inf. ippuxrOai ; 1 Aor. Pass. ippdxrOtjv. 

11. <rrp<i-vvu-/xi (Stem trrfxo), J spread-out. Fut. orp<uo-a> ; 
1 Aor. firrpoicra; Perf. Pass, or Mid. torpoj/wu; 1 Aor. Pass. 
ott/xJ&jv. 

12. xpm-wv-iu (Stem xp«>), J co/our. Fut. yfputam ; 1 Aor. 



12. xpwvw-iu. ^owm jyx» ; 
ixpuxra ; l'erf. Pass, or Mid. 



Kf)(pil>/UU. 



Consonant Stems. 

13. oy-vv-/u (Stem iy, orig. fay), J break. Fut. a&a; 
1 Aor. !a£a, Inf. a|oi ; 2 Perf. layo, J am fcro hen ; 2 Aor. 
Pass. iaytp>. 

14. fcuo-w-fu, I show. See p. 110. 

15. €t/oy-vu-/ii (or «"pyo>) (Stem «tpy), J »Au< »'n. Fut. 
*lpia>; 1 Aor. etpfa; Perf. Pass, or Mid. ttpy/uu; 1 Aor. 
Pass. ("pxOtjv. 

16. £evy-vv-/u (Stem tvy), /join, yofce. Fut. £«>£a> ; 1 Aor. 
!£«v£a ; Perf. Pass, or Mid. ^tvyuai ; 1 Aor. Pass. ilifvxOijv, 
more frequently 2 Aor. Pass, itvyrp/. 

17. /uiy-v5-/u (Stem |uy), I rot*. Fut. /u£<o; 1 Aor. 
*/u£a; Inf. /u£<u; Perf. /it/iZxa; Perf. Pass, or Mid. /a«/uy- 
/tot; 1 Aor. Pas*. tfux&jv, more frequently 2 Aor. Pass. 
ifdyrfv ; Fut. Perf. ntfiiiofuu. 

18. o"y-v5-/xi or oiyo) (Stem ol-y) (prose avoiyvv/11, avoiyw, 
I open). Impf. dvooyov ; Fut. dvotf « ; 1 Aor. <Wo>£a ; Inf. 
dvoi£ai ; 1 Perf. di^va, J Saw opened ; 2 Perf. dv*a>ya, J 
*tond open, instead of which Att. avtwypuu ; 1 Aor.* Pass, 
dveu^ftjv ; Inf. ayoixOyvai. 

19. oA-Av-/h for oX-w-iu (Stem 4X and <X«), J destroy. 
Impf. <5XXw; Fut. dX5; 1 Aor. <5Xwa; 1 Perf. oXciXoco, J 
have destroyed; 2 Perf. oAwXa, I am undone, I perish; Mid. 
oXXv/uii, J ant undone, I perish; Fut, oAofyuu; 2 Aor. 
diX.6fxr]v. 



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128 SECOND CLASS OP VERBS IN /M. 

20. Sfi-wfii (Stem 4|i and 4|m>), I swear. Fut. d/iovftai ; 
1 Aor. 5/too-a ; Perf. djuaytoKa ; Perf. Pats, or Mid. opMpuxTpMi, 
but 3 Sing, 6p.(x>p.orai and 6p.mpoarai ; 1 Aor. Pass, iipmrdrjv. 

21. 6(i6py-vv-fu (Stem Apopv), J wipe o^". Fut. 6p.6p£a> ; 
1 Aor. <bfiop£a. 

22. op-vC-fii (Stem 4p), J roiwe. Fut. ofxna ; 1 Aor. S>po-a ; 
Mid. opw/uu, Jrotwe myself ; Fut. dpoiyuu; 2 Aor. wpoprjv. 

23. 7njy-vu-/u (Stem wfiy), I fie, fasten. Fut. jnj&a ; 
1 Aor. &n)£a; 1 Perf. ir«n;xa, I have fastened; 2 Pert 
iremjya, I stand fast. Mid. jn/yvv/xeu, J «<t'c& /a«</ Pert 
iremfypm, I stand fast ; 2 Aor. Pass, brayrjv. 

24. pjy-vv-iu (Stem 4ay)> ^ tear > &*"««&• Fut. p^<d; 
1 Aor. ipprjia; 2 Perf. ipporya, I am broken, rent; 2 Aor. 
Pass, ippiyqv; Fut. Pass, payrjcropMi. 

Exercise LXVII. 

A. — 1. arprnvwri koitcis. 2. irupl ov <r/iawrai irvp. 3. ^ 
opyi) €vOvs o-fityvvoiTO. 4. jaoXttjj Ovpbv Kopiauypev. 5. airo- 
o-KtSao-ov K7;S«a &vpu>v. 6. oi IIcpo-cu woXwrcAtts aroXas 
ripApicwwro. 7. 'AXt&ivo/oos run/ 'Iv&utSa/ <j>iX.o<r6<p<j)v iroXXovs 
inpipaiTfV. 8. vSotos poai to irCp Karao-fiewvao-iv, dpyrpr 
Si ciros &/3pov. 9. 6 otvos woAAcocts tois itotois <f>app.dKOK 
Kipavwrai. 10. 'HpcucXijs x«/MiKra/ti€vos rbv \iovra rrp/ Bopav 
rjp.<pit<TaTO. 

1. They are spreading-out the beds. 2. They will spread-out the 
beds. 3. They extinguished the fire. 4. The fire ceased-to-burn. 

5. The philosopher will scatter the cares of the mind. 6. The 
young-man has clothed-himself-with an expensive robe. 7. The 
young-men will clothe-themselves-with expensive robes. 8. The 
barbarians hung many of the Greeks. . 9. Water extinguishes fire, 
and a mild word, anger. 10. The wicked man hangs-himself. 

B. — 1. imrovs e£ev£t irpSros 'Epi)(06vios. 2. 'HpoucA^s if 
A-ipvy iroX.vav)(eyov mXartv vSpav. 3. tl pr/ <£vXa£eis pxicpd, 
dn-oXels ra peLtpva. 4. tujv KoX.ep.iiDV oi p.b> drroXaSXao-tv, oi Bi 
SUiftvyov. 5. OaXana rrjv plav irXcvpav tjjs iroXxws eirt£evywo-iv. 

6. ouoarort /cXeos iaOXuov djroXXuroi oiS* ovop ovrov. 7. oi 
l&xypol fmroi « rrp/ Stfiav o-eipav fccvywvrai tov apparoi. 
8. iracrav ipyov Yapiv rj rS>v \oy<ov dxaipia dirdXXwiv. 9. tj p.iv 
evra£ia <ro£av OvKtt, ij Si i.Ta£ux woXXovs ^817 djroXoiXtKO'. 
10. /kij oai/tdWv ^oXov opvjp. 



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IRREGULAR VERBS. 129 

1. I will yoke the horses. 2. Hercules will destroy the snake 
having-many-necks in Lerna. 3. Unless you take-care-of (say 
guard, pi.) small-things, you will lose (pi.) the greater-things. 
4. The general has destroyed many of the enemy. 5. The young- 
man is undone. 6. A strong horse is yoked to the right trace 
of the chariot. 7. Strong horses were yoked to the right trace of 
the chariot. 8. The barbarians destroyed many cities. 9. The 
impious young-man roused the anger of the deities. 10. The 
impious young-men will rouse the auger of the deities. 

C. — 1. Bvpour Tts avot£ei /tot; 2. /«/ti£rrai i<r6\a kolkoutiv. 
3. opKov <fxvye, xav StKawos opyvgs. 4. dvopos Bucaxov Kapiros 
ouk diroAAirrai. 5. 6/uap.OKW 6 Sucaorijs BiKaauv Kara tovs 
vo/jlows. 6. hi Tijy<p Kprprti tartv, 1p t$ vSart olvos ov fuyvirrat. 

7. Btvo^aViTS eXeye rrjv y^v i$ dtpos k<u irupos o-u/xjray^vat. 

8. if opyr/ Kal tj dtrwaria, duo fuyurrat kokio, iroXXovs airatkeorav. 

9. $pvycs op/cots ov ypfivTat, out o/avwtcs, our' dXAovs i(op- 
Kovvres. 10. Zeus &vop i£oX.to-tia> 'OAv/wrios, 8s tw iratpov 
i£a.iraTav iOtktu 

1. Who opened the door ? 2. Who has opened the door ? 3. The 
bad were mixed with the good. 4. Flee-from (ph) oaths, even if 
ye swear justly. 5. They will swear*justly. 6. The judges swore 
that-they-would-judge according-to the laws. 7. The water of the 
fountain will not mix with wine. 8. The earth is compounded of 
(<£) air and fire. 9. The Phrygians neither swear nor make others 
swear. 10. May the gods destroy the men who wish to deceive 
their (the) companions. 



XXX.— IRREGULAR VERBS IN ft. 

The irregularities of the Greek verb are chiefly confined 
to the Present-Stem being different from the Verb-Stem. 
As a general rule it is necessary to commit to memory 
only the Present, Future, Aorist, and Perfect Active. 
The Perfect Passive and the 1 Future and 1 Aorist Passive 
follow the 1 Perfect Active. 



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130 



IRREGULAR VERBS. 



I. — Verbs which add c to the Stem. 
1. In the Present Tense. 



Present. 


Future. 


Aorist. 


Perfect 


ya/i«i>, I marry 
doKccu, I appear 


ya/jM 


iyqfw. 

i.oo£a, 


yeyafirjKa 
oiooy/uu 




SoKIJCO) 


tSdmjtra 


Aor. Pass. 


t t « / T 

pHTTCO), piTTTta, 1 


puj/ta 


tppuf/a 


efipupa 


throw 








iiOiai, I push 


warn) 


eoxra. 


— 




2. In other Tenses. 




a\t£a>, I ward off 


a\f£qcr<i> 


r|A.c£a 





a\6ofuxn, I am vexed 


a^Oitro/JUXi, 
<ro/uu 


7]-)(61<t9t)V 


VX G Vt" 


ftocrKu), I feed 


^Sotnojoxo 


— 


— 


f3au\o[iai, I wish 


jSoiAr/ao/xai 


i^ovk^Orjv 


f3c/3ov\.r)(uu, 




• 


rillov\iq6r)V 


fiiftovXxx. 


Sew, I want 


Beij<T(i> 


iSeqrra 


hiSerjKa 


Sc'o/uu, I entreat 


8crj<roiuu 


IhefftrjV 


St8irj/x.ai 


tOtXiD and 6i\.u>, I 

wish 
lopm, I go away 

(cpo/xai), I ask 


iOfXrjcroi 


TjBiKrjira 


rjdtkrjKa 


ipprja-ui 


rjpprjva. 


VPh Ka 


ipi/jo-opm 


rjpo/XTjV 


— 


evSa>, I sleep 


cvStjctoj 


— 


— 


oj/oi, I cook 


h}/rp-<a 


^ij/rjaa 


— 


Kadefcofuu, I sit down 


KaOtSov/j/u 


lKa6tC,6p/qv 


— 


ji.a,)(Ojxai, I fight 


fia^ovfiai 


ifmxt<Ta.p.rn' 


pxiiAxnitM. 


fitka, it is a care 


fitkryra 


i/ii\tj<rev 


IXe/XfX.1]K€V 


/icXAo), I am about to 


/LtWrj&ia 


c/iikki)(ra 


— 


fiikofiai, I care for 


/xtX^o-o/xat 


tp.tkrjdrn' 


fitfiek-qfuu 


fiivo), I remain 


fia>S> 


i/itwa 


fj.cp.evr]Ka. 


vipju), I distribute 


vt/m 


tvtipa 


vevifvqKa. 


o£ai, I smell 


6fi/o-<i> 


wf»j<ra 


oSwBa, 2 Perf. 


olo/xai, I th Ink 


olrj<ro/i.cu 


wrf)&rp> 


— 


oJ^o/toi, I go away 


ol^(TO/jai 


— 


(<3xv/ioi) 


dfaiXu), I owe 


6<f>ii\rj(r<0 


a><f>tCkr]0'a 


oxpeiXrjKa 


iraxto, I strike 


irwxru), 


tsrcuaa 


irtiraiKa. 




irai-Q€rm 






\aipu), I rejoice 


Xcuprj<ra> 


i X apt)V 


Ke^aprjxa 



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IRREGULAR VERBS. 131 

II. — Verbs which add v to the Pkesent Tense. 
1. With v simply. 



Present. 


Future. 


Aorist. 


Perfect. 


Solkvw, I bite 


Srqio/MU 


tSoKOV 


Se'Sr^a 


8vvo>, I dip 


— 


fbvy 


SiSvKo. 


Kafu/iD, I toil, become 


Kafiov/xai 


tKdflOV 


KtKfirjKa 


weary 








Tf/XVU), I CUt 


TC/*0) 


ITtflOV, 

tTa.fj.ov 


TiTfxrjKa 


rivet, I pay a penalty 


TtVd) 


erura 


ririxa 

Paw. Pf. ri- 

TUT/JMl, 

Aor. tTiaOijv 


<f>6avu>, I anticipate 


<j>drjo , ofiai. 


itfiOrjV 


hpOaxa 


<f>6ivm, I perish 


fflicrofiai, 


IfyQLiajv 


(fftOlfUOA 




(jfrniVO), I 


Opt. (ftOi/j.rp', 






will make 


(Z<f>6ura, I 






to perish) 


made to 
perish) 




2. Also with the Stem length* 


med, or c added to the v. 


Balv<o, I go 


B-qcro/uu, 


SBrp>, 
(iBr/o-a, I 


BiBrjKa 


(Stem B a ) 


(Prjo-a>, I 






will make 


made to 






to go) 


go) 




flwito, I stop up 


pv<r<0 


t/3v<ra 


— 


(Stem Bv) 






Pass. Pf. Bi- 

Bvcfxai, 
Aor. 1 iBvo- 6rp> 


IXavcd), I drive 


IX£ 


■qkaxra 


iXrjKajta, 


(Stem 4Xo) 








iKviofuxi, I come 


"fjo/xai 


UCO/MJV 


Tyfj.cu 


(Stem t K ) 








Kwlm, I kiss 


Kvcrio 


*KV<ra 


— 


(Stem kv) 
inrio^ytofiai, I pro- 


c / 


t f 




WOO^crO- 


W«<T^0/i?JV 


vxio-xyiiuu. 


mise (Stem 4ir-«x) 


jxai 







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132 



IBIiEGULAB VERBS. 



III. — Verbs which add av to the Present Tense. 

1. With av simply. 

(The vowel c is added to the Stem in some Tenses.) 



Present 


Future. 


Aoiist. 


Perfect 


adaOdvofuu, I per- 
ceive (Stem olo-fl, 
alvSc) 
apaprdvm, I err, sin 
(St. apapr, &|iapr«) 
awc^Odvo/jat, I am 
hated (St. air ex8, 
dircxS<) 
av£dvw, av$o>, I in- 
crease (Stem o4{, 

^Aaorovo), I bud 
(St. BXao-r, BXao-rt) 
Sapddvu), I sleep 
(Stem SapO, SapSc) 
oAiorday«i>, J (ftp 
(St. iXiurS, AXio-Sc) 
6<Tif>paivofjuu, I smell 
(Stem4<r<j.p&6<r<|>pt) 
otfiXurKdvu), I owe 

(Stem 4<|»x & i$U : 
there is a double 
strengthening in 
the Present (i)otc 
and av) 


aladrfvopai 
apaprqo*o- 

fUU. 

aTrexftrpro- 

fUU 

avfijoxi) 

/3Xa<m/<r<i> 

BapO-qtro/xai 
6\ur6rj<r<i> 
o<r<pp-qo-op.ai 
5<p\r)(ru> 


■QaOofLTJV 

rj/jMprov 
&*r IX 66p.r ) v 

rfifatpra 

ifihurrov 

fSapOov 

mXuorOoy 

dxT<j>p6p.rp/ 

<H<f>\ov 


ya&rjfiai 

rjfidpTTjKa 
annqx/hiixai 

rjv^rjKa 

ifiXdanjKa 

8t8dp6r]Ka 
d>\ur&t]Ka 

axpkrjKa 


2. "With the insertion of a nasal in the Stem : namely, v 
before Dentals, y before Gutturals, p. before Labials. 

(The vowel of the Stem is also lengthened in most of the 
Tenses except the Present.) 


diyydvia, I touch 

(Stem Oiy) 
Xay^dvio, I meet with 

(Stem Xax) 


Ol£ofmi 
krjtopuu 


lOiyov 
ika)(OV 


etA-ij^a 



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IBBEGULAB VERBS. 133 

Verbs which add av to the Present Tense (continued). 



Present. 


Puture. 


Aorist. 


Perfect. 


Xa/x/Javeo, I take 


X-^J/ofuu 


3\a/3ov 


elXr]<j)a 


(Stem \o6) 






Pass. Pf. «?- 

Xrjfifiai 
XiXt)$a 


\av6avw, J escape 


Xijcro) 


£Wov, Xe- 


notice, Mid. Ifor- 




Xaflov 


Mid. Pf. X*- 


■ get (Stem XaO) 






\.r)o-/xat 


fiavOdvm, J learn 


/taOrja-ofiai 


ipxiQov 


fiefuWr/Ka 


(Stem pad &jio6«) 

irvvOavojiai, I learn 








ircvvoftai 


iirv06p.r)V 


ircjrw/tai 


(Stem »v0) 








tvvj(ov<i), I meet with, 
obtain (St. r«x) 


rev£o/uat 


erv)(Ov, erv- 


T * Tl W ca 



IV. — Verbs which add <tk to the Present Tense. 

A. Without Reduplication. 

1. Without any other alteration of the Stem. 



Present. 


Future. 


Aorist 


Perfect. 


aptmcio, I please 


dpara) 


^jp«ra 


(dpijpoca) 
Pass.Pf.^K- 


(Stem dpc) 












cr/xat,Aor. 1 








ripcotirjv 


yrjpatrKio, yrjpato, I 


yqpaxropxu. 


eyripaxra. 


ycyijpouco 


grow oW(St. -yripa) 




Inf. Aor. 2 
yr/pavai, 
more com- 
mon than 
ytjpacrai 




rifiaxrKw, r/j3a<i), I 


fjfirjo-w 


iJ/Jijou 


rift-qua 


become marriage- 








able (Stem Tjpo) 








iXd(TKOfuu, I appease 


tXcuro/uu 


IX.aaa./Mrp' 


— 


(Stem t\o) 








pxBva-Kw, I make 


pLtdtuu) 


tjiidvo-a 


— 


drunk, Mid. I 








become drunk 








(Stem imOv) 









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134 



IBBEQDLAB VBBBS. 



Verbs which add o-k to the Present Tense [continued). 
2. With lengthening of the final vowel of the Stem. 



Present. 


Future. 


Aorist. 


Perfect. 


avaf^utXTKO/xai, Icome 


dva/SiaKTO- 


avf/Jiaxra- 


— 


to life again (St. 


ftai 


/ii^ 




dva-fUo) 
OvrfTKia, I die 


pWofyuu 


Wavov 


TtOvrjKa 


(Stem e&v, 0vij) 








OpuMTKoy, I leap 


dopov/juu 


Wopov 


— 


(Stem eop, 0p«) 








3. With the connectin 


g vowel i (i-<tk). 


aXCa-KO/iou, I am 


aXuxropjai. 


cdXcoy, ^Xun/ 


tttAtlWca, ijA&wra 


taken (St. &X, aXo) 








dvaXuTKu, J expend 


avaKoxro) 


dvaAbxra, 


avaXioKa, ayif- 


(Stem &va\, avaXo) 




dv7jA.<i><ra 


XttiKO. 


(vpuTKd), I find 


evpi]<r<a 


evpov 


tvpr)Ka 


(Stem c£p, ctp<) 






Pass. Aor. 1 








evpidrjv, 
■tfipidrp/ 


(rrtpuTKia, ortpfia, I 


OTepq<r<i> 


icrreprja-a 


COTCpiJK* 


deprive (St. o-rcp 








and o-r«p«) 








4. With the omission of a 


consonant I 


iefore o-k. 


StSao-KO), J fcacA 


8iSd£cd 


c"8i8a£a 


SeStSa^a 


(Stem SiSax) 
iraa^o), I suffer 


irturopjo.1 


hraOov 


irAroyfla 


(Stem vae : Pres. 








ira^-o-Kti) becoming 








ira-<rx<o, the aspi- 








rate in 6 being 








transferred to k) 








^do-Ko), J open <fe 


\avovfuu 


t^avov 


Kexqva 


nwtdA (St. xov) 









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IRREGULAR VERBS. 



135 



Verbs which add o-k to the Present Tense (continued). 
B. With Beduplication. 



Present. 


Future. 


Aorist 


Perfect. 


pifipdxTKw, I eat 


(y8paJcro//.at) 


(l/?p<ixra) 


j3((3p<0KO. 


(Stem 6p«) 

yiyvdxrKU), I knOW 


yvaio-o/Aai 


e/8p<ov 
cyvcov 


tyv<oKa 


(Stem yv») 






Pass. Perf. 

tyvnxrpju, 
Aor.l iyvdxrOtfv 


S(8pa<rKu, I run 


8pao-op,ai 


eopdv 


SiBpoKa 


(Stem Spa) 
/ii/xvjjcrica), J remind 








fwijtro) 


tjanqaa 


— 


(Stem p.vo) 






Pass. Pf.ue- 
/ivTjpai, I re- 














member. 








Aor. ifivrja , 6rjv 


7riirpa<rK<i>, J«eK 


— 


— 


•n-eirpoKa 


(Stem ir pa) 






Put. 3 irtirpa- 
a-op.a.1 


Ttrpuxrim, I wound 


rpuxm 


tVpwou 


— 


(Stem Tp») 






PaSS. Pf. T£- 

rpwjxai J 



V. — Verbs which form their Tenses from Different 

Stems. 



Present. 


Future. 


Aorist. 


Perfect 


oupeco, J tote, 


aipijaa) 


ttXov 


TJjpijica 
Pass. VP r H xal 


Mid. I choose 












Pass. Aor. 








ijpe&P' 


\iyu>, I say 


epul, Xe£<i> 


eforov, eTira, 


€ipr]Ka 

Pass. Pf. 

XcA.eyp.cu, 

eiXcypm 

eipr/fuu 



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136 IBBEGULAB VERBS. 

Verbs which form their Tenses from Different Stems 
(continued). 



Present. 


Future. 


Aorist. 


Perfect 


\iyu>, I say 






Aor. ipjrrfirpr, 


{continued) 






eX^py, 
T?ut.prj&rj<rofUn 


tpx°A«"> I go 


cXcwro/uu 


tfjMov, 
y\v6ov 


e'AijXvOa 


icrOCiO, I eat 


iSofiai 


li<jsayov 


i&ySoKa 
Pass. Pf. *8f 
oW/uu 


mvio/JMi, I buy 


iLvrja-o/juu 


iu>vrj<rd.p.rjv, 
iirpiApajv 


imVTjpai 


bpaii>, I see 


OlflO/MU. 


IflSov 


iiopaxa 

Pass.Pf.&yxi- 
/xat and Sip.ji.ai, 
Aor. XxpOrjv, 
Fut. 6<p0ij<ro- 
pxu. 


irivm, I drink 


vriojxax 


leirtav, 


Trtirmica 






Imp. irWt 


Pass. Pf. W- 

iropxu. 
Aor.'iir66r)V 


rpixfo, I run 


Spapovpai 


liSpapxtv 


StSpapr/Ka 


tpipm, I carry 


oura> 


]fp>eyKOV, 


ev^vo^a 






i fyeyKa. 


Pass. Pf. ivrf 

vcypxu, 
Aor.l^v«v6V, 
Fut. hff)(0rj<T<i- 














pM and out&ti- 








<ropuu, 








Mid. Fut. oW 








pat, 








Aor. 1 ■qveyicar 








W 



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IBREGTTLAB VERBS. 



137 



VI. — Other Irregularities. 
1. Stems ending in a digamma (F). 





Present 


Future. 


Aorist 


Perfeot 




KaCm, Att. Kao), I 


Kawria 


tKavcra 


Kocavfea 




burn (Stem K of) 






Pass. Aor. 2 

CKcfyv 




kXoxii), Att. /cXau>, I 


KXavo-Ofiax, 


acXavou 


KocXavxa 




weep (Stem K \af) 


kXjxvo-ov/jmi, 








6tu>, I run 


Oexxrofuu, 


— 


- 




(Stem e«f) 


Ofvcrovfuu 
vtwro/uu, 


«Wwa 


vevtwca 




(Stemy.f) 


(vfwrovftm) 








n-Xoo, I sail 


irXeixro/MU, 


orXewa 


ire'wXevKa 




(Stem T X«f) 


rrXeuo-ov/*<u 




Pass. Pf. iri- 

trkev<TfJLCu, 










Aor. 1 eirXcv- 




irv<<i>, T breathe 


irvewrc/iat, 


enrtwa 


irejrvttwca 




(Stem wvef) 


uraxrov/Aai 




Pass. Pf. irt- 
■irvaxrfuu, 

Aor. 1 ftrvtv- 
trOrjv 




pen), I flow 


pv-qo-0/j.ai, 


ipp'vrp' (1/5- 


ippvrjKa. 




(Stem ^ , £v) 


(peucro/uti) 


paxra) 






X«o, I pour 


X«" 


&«» 


Kexyica. 




(Stem x«f. Xv) 










2. Stems whic 


i suffer Metathesis, Syn 


cope, &o. 


\ 


/JaXXw, J $roto 
(Stem BaX, Met. 
pXij) 

KaXiu), I call (Stem 


(/3aXXiJ<7to) 


Ifiakov 


PifiXriKa 


>> 


/caXetro), 


t/caXea-a 


K(K..rjKO. 




koX, Met. kXij) 


KdXu 








irCirno, I fall (Stem 


rrco-ov/iat 


hrvrov 


narrtoKa 




•Ktv, Pres. wi-irer-to 










= itmito)) 









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138 IBBEQOLAB VERBS. 

Other Irregularities (continued). 





Present 


Future. 


Aorist. 


Perfect. 




a-KtXXw, I dry (Stem 


<TK\iq<TOfUJU. 


io-ickrpr 


fXTK\.7]KO. 




itkcX or 0-KaX, 










Met. o-kXij) 








V 


■yiyvo/ieu, I become, 
am (Stem ytv, 
Pres. yt-ytv-ofjuu 
= yiyvofuu) 


ytvqa-ofuu 


iyevofirjv 


ytyirqiuu, yi- 
yova 




iytCpm, I awaken, 
wake up (Stem 


iytpu> 


yyeipa 


iymtpKa 
Pf. 2 eypyyopa, 




iytp) 






J am awake, 

Aor. rjypofiriv, 

I was awake 


4 


hro[iai, I follow 


e^ro/uat 


ttrn-oix-qv 
Subj. airu>- 

/uu, Inf. 

cnrccrOcu 


~ 


4 


i\<j>, I have (Stem 


?£<■>> <r)(ij<rm 


icryov 


<k r X"l Ka 




<r*X, Syncop.<rx) 




Subj. o-Xtt), 


Pass. Aor. 1 




ttxpv, Imperf. 




0pt.(TXOl1JV, 

Imp. o~)(4s 


i<rx46rpr 




irirofiaL, irera/juu, 


(wcrqtrofixu) 


itrroit.rp', 


— 




hrrafuu, I fly 


irrrjcrofixu 


iirrajxriv, 
(hrrqv) 






oy<o, I lead 


Sim 


rjyayov 


^TWP. fa a 




fiioia, Hive 


(iuixTOflM 


(^3«ixra), 
Opt. Aor. 

fiupljV 


/3c/3uiuca 




8iaXeyofuu, I con- 


ZiaKe)(0rfTO- 


SieXex^iyv 


8ic(Xcy/uu 




verse 


fJUU 








tCktu), I bear (Stem 


t4&i> (re£o- 


ereKov 


Teroxa 




T«K, PreS. Tt-TOC-O) 


fuu) 








= TOCTO) for TITK<I>) 










T/xoyo), I gnaw 


Tpu^ofiai 


erpayov 


— 



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IUREGULAB VEUBS. 139 

VII. — Verbs which form their Second Aorists like 
the Verbs in /tu. 

Many of these Verbs appear in the preceding lists. 

Stems in a. 

1. e-^rj-v (Stem pa), Pres. ySouvw, I go, Imperat. fiijOi, in 
compounds also j3a (icaTa/Ja), Inf. pffvai, Part. /?ds. 

2. yqpSrvai (Stem -yijpa), Inf. Pres. ytjpd-o-Km, I grots old. 

3. 2-ty>a-v (Stem 8po), Pres. oVopa-a-icoj, Iran, Inf. Spa-vat, 
Part. Spas. 

4. l-KTa-v (Stem icra), Pres. ktuw, I kill, Part, kto-s, Part. 
Mid. «Ttt-/x£vos (killed). 

5. Z-Trrq-v (Stem wto, im), Pres. irerofuu, I fly, Part, irros, 

Mid. TTTO/iCOS, Inf. TTTCCrOcU.. 

6. I-tXij-v (Stem tXo), J endured, Subj. tX5, Opt rXaiip', 
Imperat. r\rfii, Inf. rXijwu, Fut. TXiJo-o/itu, Perf. rerXijKa. 

7. I-QOtj-v (Stem <j>ea), Pres. <J>0dva>, I anticipate, Inf. 

8. i-vpid-ixrjv (Stem irpio), I bought, Imperat. irpua. 

Stems in «. 

9. €-<rj8ij-v (Stem ojk), Pres. cr/Jemyu, J quench, Inf. 
cr^voi. 

10. S-o-kXi^v (Stem <ncXt), Pres. mAk, J dry, Inf. 
o-xX^rat. 

11. Imperat. o^is, from <rx«-& (Stem <r«x), Pres. fy®, 
J Aow, 1 Sing. Aor. Ind. Z-<rx-ov. 

Stems in o and ». 

12. 1-aXco-v (Stem aXo), J wa« caught, Pres. aXurxo/uu, 
Opt. aAonjv, Inf. aXtovat, Part. aXovs. 

13. i-fiuo-v (Stem pio), Pres. /Jio<u, I live, Opt. ySujnjv, Inf. 
/3i5>vai, Part. ^Siovs. 

14. f.-yvti>-v (Stem Trw), Pres. yt-yfu-o-KO), J come to fcrww, 
Opt. yvoiip', Imperat. yv&0i, Inf. yvfirai, Part, yvovs. 

Stems in v. 

15. Imperat wt-0i (Stem in), Pres. mVw, I dn'nfc, 1 Sing. 
Aor. Ind. imov. 

1 



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140 



IRREGULAR VERBS. 

Stems in v. 



16. l-hv-v (Stem 8»), Pres. S/vvta, I dive % Imperat. 8v9i, Inf. 
SSvat, Fart. 8us. 

17. €-<£v-v (Stem +»), I became, Pres. <£uco, I produce, Inf. 
tftvvai. 

YIII. — Verbs which have Perfects without any 
Present Texse. 

1. otSa, I know. (Stem Fi8) 



' 


INDICATIVE. 


IMPERA- 
TIVE. 


SUBJUNC- 
TIVE. 


OPTA- 
TIVE. 








Principal. 


Historical. 








Perfect. 


Pluperfect. 
jf8eiv or 587 








S. 1. 


olba 


~^— 


el8£> 


tl&tUfV 


2. 


olcrSa 


jj8fi<T6a,jj8ii(r6a. 


Mi 


el8jjs 


«8«ir/r 


3. 


oiSf(y) 


«rr<a 


dbs 


tlSeir) 


D. 2. 


"otov 


jj&ftTOV, flCTOV 


larov 


(Ibrjrov 


tlitiiyrov 


3. 


l<TTOV 




urr»v 


fl8fjTOV 


fldcirjTijv 


P. 1. 


itrutu 





tld&ptv 


el&eirffuv 


2. 


«rr« 


jj&ftrt, fjorf 


Tore 


fl&TJTf 


tlitllfTt 


3 


Xra<n(y) 


flUtaav, jj<rav 


IcrraMTav \ 
UTTibV y 


€l8aci(y) 


flbtUv 












Infinitive, tl8evai. j Part 


iciple, etSus 
. tiSoros, ei 


, tlivla, tlBos- 


Future, tlaropai. \ {Gen 


Sviar, fiSdrot.) 



2. ioiKa, I resemble, appear. 
Infinit. ioiKtvcu or tiKevai. Partic coucus or cckcos, eoucvui 
or tuaua, €0«c9s or tiKos. Pluperf. «i>k«ii'. 

3. StSouca or SeSIo, I/ear. 
Perfect. 

Sing. 8&ul 8&as 8«%<v) 

Dual. S^Sitov 8«8itov 

PZur. 8«'8t/A£i' ScSit* 8«8too-i(v) 

Imperat. 8c'8i0i. Subj. 8«8«o. Opt. 8«St«y. Infinit. 8«8t- 

ivax. Partic. &8mos. 1 Aor. IS«<ra. E'ut. 8curo/uu. Pluperf, 

tStSiW (3 Dual tScSmjv, 3 Plur. t'StSwrav). 



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IBBEQULAB VERBS. 141 

XXXI.— EXEECISES ON THE IRREGULAR 
VERBS. 

I. Verbs which add (to the Present Stem. (See p. 130.) 

Exercise LX VIII. 

A. — 1. i)(<apr)(Tav Tpoies, toaavro 8 A^atot. 2. HfpucXiJs 
eyqp-t 'AoTroo-iW rrp> MiXrprCav. 3. 6 ki<ov imppiirrei iavrbv 
rfj ktuf, orav jj irAijaiov. 4. Zeus iirippuf/t t<}> Tvifxavi Alrvrjv, 
opoi iv StxtXia. 5. 6 dXrjOuy; rroc&os ov Sokuv aptcrros aXX* 
tivoi tfc'Xti. 6. ySouXtuou /t«/ j8pa8«o)s, cmTtXa oe Tortus to 
So^avra. 7. /JovXo/iai crov jcXvtii' TroVepa. Scooktoi <rot ptvovri 
naprtpuv ij ir\uv p.tff rj/j.S>v. 8. M^Seia ^Ktv ets 'AtJijvas koIkci 
yafirjOcicra. * Aty« iraiSa ywrp Mt/oW. 9. ov#c axOofiai rpttpmv 
v/ias. 10. «Xm8es owrore KaOeuSowriv. 

1. The Trojans will drive-back (push) the Achaeans. 2. The 
men married the beautiful daughters of the philosopher. 3. The 
men will marry the beautiful daughters of the philosopher. 4. Medea 
married the hero. 5. The lions will throw themselves upon the 
booty. 6. Those who are really wise do not wish to appear to be 
best, but to be (so). 7. They deliberated slowly, but accomplished 
quickly what-was-detcrmined-upon (aor. part, of oWo>). 8. We 
determined (aor. impers. of oWo>) remaining to persevere. 9. He 
was vexed (at) rearing us. 10. Hopes will never sleep. 

* yof"'*> '■> the Active voice is used of a man marrying, in the Passive or Middle of 
a woman. 

B. — 1. ov jrpeim rbv orpemfybv iv KivSvvois KaOevBrjorai. 
2. MijStta Ala-ova aveifrqotura. viov Troirjcrcu Xeyerai. 3. ai 
eXmSes /?oo-kooti tows kcvovs f$por5>v. 4. ovrov alrCfaov Karat 
&TJ/X.OV yaxrripa fiocncqatis. 5. Ta kclkii aXe£o/ie#a, rutv ayadZv 
a.iro\avop.ev. 6. 'AXt&U'Spos 'H^atortWa Oebv xeiporovrjarat 
ljiov\rj(hri. 7. irAowrids ioriv ouj( 6 iroXXa kckt^/xcVos, aXX' 6 
fuKpuw Sojrro/xevos. 8. el Tit T//tas ipono, oti i<rfiv 6 o-oo^umjs, 
Tt aV avrai airoKpivaip-fOa ; 9. tois ayc&dfc Ttjs aptrrjs /teXijtra. 
10. a<p' MnroJV IpM-xovro oi AvSot. 11. T<£ 'Ao'KXiprtw 6<pii\op.cv 
dXe/crpvdVa. 12. d<£aXr)o-e« rots Scots 7roXXr)v x°-P LV - 

1. Medea boiled Jason. 2. Hopes will feed empty mortals (say 
the empty-ones of mortals). 3. They will feed their (the)l>ellies. 
4. He wards-off dangers. 5. The citizens wished to vote Alexander 
a god. 6. The man will want few-things. 7. I asked him who the 



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142 IRBEGOLAB VEBBS. 

sophists are. 8. The good care-for (impers.) virtue. 9. Cyrus 
fought on-horseback (say from a horse). 10. We owed cocks to 
Asclepius. 

II. Verbs which add v or vt to the Present Tense. 
(See p. 131.) 

Exercise LXIX. 

A. — 1. oi <f>6ivti apery'). 2. Tims Socos. 3. 'AOrjva.'s firjvii 
iXavvti /i€. 4. ©tou vo/iov ov irapafSaivofitv. 5. 8ti\r) irSxra 
rifiverai dirmpa. 6. <f»Xel T<{» Kafivovri otjott«v8«v Otos. 7. ovk 
av Bvvaut fir) xaynuw evoai/uomv. 8. o-o<po7.s 6/iiAwy Kavros 
( = #cai avros) (Kfirpr) o-o<£ds. 9. f3t/3r)Ke Arjdvtipa ttjv irow- 
oTonyv oBmv cbraow. 10. EvpvSua], r) ywr) 'Op<£«i>s, CTeXevVijo-e 
SrrjxOucra. wro oifxw. 

1. Virtue will never perish. 2. We paid the penalty. 3. The 
wrath of Athena will drive me. 4. We transgressed the laws of 
the gods. 5. They will cut the fruit in the afternoon. 6. The 
gods are-wont (say love) to assist those-who-toil (part.). 7. Asso- 
ciating with wise-men, they themselves also turned-out wise. 
8. The daughters have gone the last way of all. 9. The boy was 
bitten by a serpent. 10. The boys died having-been-bitten by 
serpents. 

B. — 1. 6 'HptucAiys to porraXov, o itpopa, avros ertfitv be 
Nt/xtas. 2. *AAc£av8pos virep/Sas rov TavaTi' rovs Skv&is 
«n»ojO"* jjnydXr] imro/ia^iiju 3. TrXturrov SoKtl avi)p hraivov 
a£io<% dvai, os av <p0dvr) tovs <£iXovs tvtpyerwv. 4. KAcurdcn/s 
t^Acwe Ileio-ioTpaTtSas KOt KOTtAvac ■riji' rvpawiSa. 5. tovs 
KaKovpyovi o! 0eol cbrorib-aij/TO. 6. 01 iroXtTat tovs iroXtyniovs 
etpOacrav cis T^v 7rd\iv <£vy6Vres. 7. of kck/ii;koYcs OTpaTifirai 
dvoravo-airo. 8. 'Attuo) vtto t<Sv Ilepow irp.f)$rj. 9. ol 
irptorfeis eis t^v 7roAti' axpucovro. 10. 6 <^>tXos wrec^erd aoc 
d$i£«r0ai. 

1. Hercules will himself cut the club from Nemea. 2. The 
Greeks having crossed the river conquered the barbarians. 3. The 
man anticipates his friends (in) benefiting (them). 4. Cleisthenes 
will drive out the Peisistratidae, and will overthrow the tyranny. 
5. The citizens have driven-out the tyrants. 6. The gods took- 
vengeance-on the evil-doers. 7. The general fled into the city 
before the enemy (anticipated having fled). 8. The barbarians have 
laid-waste (W/u>w) Attica. 9. The ambassador has come into the 
oity. 10. The ambassadors promised to come (fat). 



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IRREGULAB VERBS. 148 

III. Verbs which add av to the Present Tense. 
■ (See pp. 132, 133.) 

Exercise LXX. 

A. — 1. irav ipyov fj fieXfTrf owavfai. 2. ol Xlepaai rots 
r EWrj<rw airrfxOdvovro. 3. irtiOov Aeyovri, kou^ ( = Kal ovk) 
aixaprqcn] irori. 4. axiov afiaprtov ov tis avOpumutv Kaxos. 
5. «s 6(ovs xal Aoy«j> Kal epym fffidpTrfKas. 6. Aoyat rjycp.6vi iv 
TravTi xpthfievos ovj( a/iapnjoT/. 7. at kvWs aurOdvovrai tov 
Aayal. 8. TaVraAoi' <fnvya to v8a>p, timSav wpoo-ioWa aurOryrax 
airov. 9. $t\«nros airos airt<f>aivero Sia ^pwrcov p.aAAov 17 8ta 
tuv oVAt^ t)&£r)KCvcu. rrjv iSiav fiaxTi\iua>. 10. o! XoAkt/SoVioi 
jrpoo-ioVras aUr06p.€Voi tovs 'AOr/valovs vqv Xttav airao-oi' KariOtvro 
as ©paKas. 

1. Practice increases every deed. 2. The philosophers will be 
hated by the citizens. 3. Obey (pi.) him-who-speaks, and you 
will never sin. 4. Those-who-sinncd (part.) unwillingly are not 
wicked. 5. He had sinned against («y) the sods both by word and 
deed. 6. They will not sin, using reason (Xo'yor) (as) a guide in 
everything. 7. The dogs perceived the hares. 8. Tantalus per- 
ceived the water approaching him. 9. Philip will increase his own 
kingdom more by-means-of gold than by-means-of arms. 10. The 
general having perceived the enemies approaching him deposited all 
the booty among (els) the Thracians. 

B. — 1. Kcp&os irovrjpbv firj XafSiiv jSovAov irort. 2. Sucaia 
Spdxras o~vfi.p£xov Ttv£rj Otov. 3. ypdft.fw.Ta fiaOetv Bel Kal 
fxaBovra vovv <^tw. 4. Xa/Se irpovoiav tov irpocTjKoiros (i!nv. 
5. firi Oiyrp tov kwos. 6. aye Stvpo, iva irv&r} Tijs Avypas 
iyytXuK. 7. ©tov imopKanf fxif Zoku XtkijOtvau 8. p.a/capios, 
ootis irv\( ycwalov <f>iXov. 9. fvdOt <j>tpea> ttjv o~vp.<popdv. 
10. oiSus ira) £evov t^ajranjo-as aOavdrovs ZXaOtv. 11. air' 
&r0Att>v «r#Ad fia6rfo~Q. 12. *al kokos iroAAcuas ti/m)s Kal 8o£ijs 
lAaxev. 

1. The good-man will not take disgraceful gain. 2. Having done 
just-things they obtained the gods (as) allies. 3. The boys learnt 
(jiavBapw) literature (pi.) 4. The boys touched the dog. 5. The 
citizens learnt (irvvBdvopai) the sad news. 6. The evil-doers 
escaped-the-notice-of the citizens. 7. They will meet-with noble 
friends. 8. They have learnt to bear misfortunes. 9. The soldiers 
obtained honour and glory, 10. He has learnt good-things from 
good-men. 



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144 IBREGULAB VERBS. 

IV. Verbs which add <tk to the Present Stem. 
(See pp. 133-135.) 

Exercise LXXI. 

A. — 1. oXiyovs evpijo-tts avBpas ercupovs irwrrovs iv xaXewois 
irpdypuunv. 2. iranrtv dvdpanrots fiopvi/iov i<mv airoOavtiv. 
3. ircvOovficv tous TC^vijKOTas. 4. ovk av eupoK avOpanrov irdVra* 
oXfiuoraTOV. 5. rj KaAu>s Ifiv, rj koXSh TtOvrjKevai 6 ciyevrp 
/JouXerat. 6. « tis yrjpdxTaa tfjv tv^erai, dfids ism yrjpdo-KUv 
iroXXas eis irSiv SexaSas. 7. tv^j ri^Qrqv €vpr)i;-?s, ov T*)(yQ 
Tvjfijv. 8. d^dpioros, ooris oi xa^tov afanqfijava. 9. p.ip.vr)cro 
vtos a»' is yipmv exrg irori. 10. a>s ijSu tois o-a>0«b-i ptfLvr/aOai 
irovmv. 11. KSpos IS}v lAdo-Kero ^oats koI (9coiis Owruws. 
12. dva/iKijo'ai v/xas tovs t<ov irpoyovmv kivowovs. 

1. The king found few men faithful companions. 2. Tho 
philosopher is dead (say has died). 3. The well-born-man will die 
nobly. 4. He mourns-for his (the) friend who-is-dead (say who- 
has-died, part.). 5. The philosopher has-grown-old. 6. The sophists 
say that they have discovered wisdom. 7. Having experienced 
benefits (say having suffered well), they are forgetful. 8. They 
remembered being young that they should be old ' sometime. 

9. Those- who- were-saved remembered (their) troubles. 10. He 
reminded you of the valour of your (the) ancestors. 

* Ace. PI. of reference, in oM things. 

B. — 1. 6 XaytiK ev (Tkotci vip.ertu, Tr)v Be r)p,epav diroo'uSpao-irei. 
2. fjv tis djro8p£f w oIk(tu>v <t€ ical kafir/i airrov, tl avrio 
XPV^TI ' 3. 8tK(i.Tw irti itjs iroXiopiaas "IAiov inrb ru>v 'A^aiSiv 
edAui. 4. ®paov/3ovkos iroXAa xprj/jurra dvrJXojKCf « orpaTiojras. 

5. ^ <pv<ris tovs irtXapyovs «Si8a£e tow irartpas «v yr/pa rp€<f>av. 

6. «rr' avdyicri tov irap«OTojTos 6tpovs Tpoiav dAwvai irao'av. 

7. Kpowros dAous t7rc rf)v irvpav wro tou Kvpov avrj)($r). 

8. dowaTOV tOTiv dvev toS Adyov /My Sikcu'ojs SeSio'ayp.o'Ovs 
Sutaiav 0€<T0ai ttjv \j/rj<f>ov. 9. oi 5iroprtoTOi tois irataiv 
(VeSeiKmrav tous EiAaVras /xtOvcrOaTas tis diroTpajnjv iroAiioivias. 

10. «av irapa SiraprtaTJ/ etpeOfj xpwos ij dpyvpos, Oavdria 
Zfl/iiovrai. 

1. The slaves ran-away in-the night (gen.). 2. If your (the) 

slaves should run-away-from you (pi.), and you should take 

them, how would you use them? 3. The cities were taken by 

the barbarians. 4. They say that Ilium was taken by tho Achaeans 

t 2 Aor, Surd. 



X 



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IliBEGULAR VEKBS. 145 

in the tenth year of the siege. 5. Thrasybuius will spend much 
money upon soldiers. 6. Nature teaches children to support their 
(the) fathers in old-age. 7. The generals having been taken were 
carried to tlie pyre by the king. 8. Troy was taken. 9. The 
citizens have been taught to give their (the) vote justly (adjeetive). 
10. The Spartans made the Helots drunk. 

V. ' Verba which form their Tenses from different Stems. 
(See pp. 135, 136.) 

Exeecise LXXII. 

A. — 1. oi ffoAt/Aiot «iAov tt/v iroX.iv. 2. ol AOrjvaioi ®c/uo- 
TOKkea (nparrryov eiAovro ev rw TIcpousw iroXe/juo. 3. 'OStjo- 
o-«i>s «S *Ai8ov p.eya Suyta rjXdev. 4. prj iriorevt rd\iora, irpiv 
drpeKc'ws irtpas oi/^ei. 5. /xtrpiuis (j>dy(. 6. ovbi els 'O/xr/pov 
tlpr)K£ /xoKpov. 7. Sorts Xoyovs, <as 7rapaKaTa$rjKt)V, Xafiisv 
e£«wrev, dSiKos «mv. 8. at] tovto f3\(i[rrp, el veiimpos \iyio, 
&XX' ti tppovovvrmv robs Xoyovs SaSpSiv ipla. 9. iriv&ti fierpiws 
tovs . airoOavovras <f>ikovs ' oi yap TtOvyKaciv, dXXb. "njv avTrjv 
ooov, rjv wactv ikOtlv tor avdyKjj, irpoeXrjXvOaxnv. 10. $evovs 
irivrfras p.rj irapaSpdfirjs l8u>v. 

1. The enemies have taken the city. 2. Themistocles was chosen 
general by the Athenians in the Persian war. 3. The soldiers have 
gone into the city. 4. Hercules saw the great house of Hades. 
5. They will eat with-moderation. 6. He spoke the words of 
sensible men. 7. He will speak the words of sensible men. 8. He 
went-before the same way which it is necessary for all to go. 9. He 
saw the poor strangers. 10. Having seen the poor strangers, he will 
not pass-by (them). 

B. — 1. irorap.6s T« koX pev/ja fiiaiov iorw o ald>v a/rn yap 
&<p&rj koX TrapevrjvcKrai. 2. ee«y»c£ Xvmjv koX /JA.a/% ipprnpevuis. 
3. <f>ikov oY opytjv cv koucois pi) irepu%s. 4. prjino peyav tiirgs, 
•jrpiv Ttkevrrio-avf "Sgs. 5. iroXAoi avpmovrts aira| yiyvovrai 

<pCX.0l. 6. OVK (KlTlOpai TOV olvOV. 7. 6 dtvOS VTTO 1W OTpaTltOTW 

iien-oOrj. 8. oiSels ottrtav, rpr avros ixr^o-aTO, KaTt<f>ayev. 

9. SoAcovos vopos cOTtv 6 to TrarpQa KaTth^SoKtas dripos corto. 

10. Tdtos Kaioap Oapvaicrjv viicijo-as irpos roiis <f>l\ovs kypaxj/tv 
rj\$ov, tTSov, iviicrjo-a. 

1. The generals were seen by the soldiers. 2. The messenger 
carried the message. 3. He bore (carried) sorrow firmly. 4. He 
will not neglect his (the) friends in misfortunes on-account-of anger. 
5. Do not ye as yet call (a man) great before ye see him dead. 



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146 IBBEGULAR VERBS. 

6. They drank-together. 7. They will not drink the wine. 8. The 
wine has been drunk by the citizens. 9. The son ate-up his (the) 
paternal (possessions). 10. He came, he saw, he conquered. 

Other Irregularities. 
1. Stems ending in a Digamma. (See p. 137.) 
Exercise LXXIII. 

1. rj OTparia avptov IxirXevo-erai (tiorXcuo-tiTai). 2. avt/ios 
Boppas hrturruK tq orpana hrvetxrev. 3. cv rfj vavfta\ia ol ELt- 
Xoiromj<r«H dvSpas tuh' 'AOrpraiatv airiicTfWcw, oaoi fit) i£h>evaav 
avrutv. 4. orav ol iroXt/uoi tjj irdXtt irXr/o-idxroxriy, ol <rrpa- 
Tuarai avapTrdaavre: to. oirXa Oevcrovrai irpos ras irvAas. 5. 
iroXXois *cal o*o0ots dvopdox* jcexXavoTai TavOptimwa. 6. tis 
owe Sk icXavo-eit w <f>iXx>v anixq; 7. o-vyK€)QUKt vw t^v Ttartv 
6 Ka^ lj/uis /Stos. 8. ol iroKifUM Tas tSv 'EXXiJk<i»' to£cis 
uweytav. 9. oi vd/uti 8ia tov irdXc/tov o-vy#C€XV/*ei'Ot curiv. 
10. Lcapos, 6 rov AiuSaXou vlds, toksitos rov icrjpov koI ruiv 
urtpSv veptppvimov, «s to ireXayos kvemirrcv. 

1. The armament has sailed-out. 2. The wind will blow opposed 
to the armament. 3. The men will swim-away. 4. The soldier 
will run to the gate of the city. 5. The philosopher has wept-for 
human-affairs. 6. They did not weep-for their unfortunate friends. 

7. The* winds have blown opposed to the ships. 8. The slaves 
poured the water. 9. The enemies have confounded the ranks of 
the Greeks. 10. The ships sailed-out. 

* Dative of the Agent. 

2. Stems which suffer Metathesis, Syncope, Ac. (See 
pp. 137, 138.) 

Exercise LXXIV. 

1. SdXaiv &jro/3a\a)v vlbv &Xovo-£v. 2. ij KoptvOta \<opa Slito 
KopCvOov, Aeos wiov, to ovo/ia hrx^Kev. 3. to envoy, iyOa wrb 
rov xpwou Koiov *EXXij Karyjvi^, 'EXXijoTrovros air avrrp 
otA^ofy 4. ol apxovTts 7rdX«s iroXXAs io~xpv. 5. throvros Ttvoe 
tw orpoTMiwolv wpos IIeXo7rt8av, ip.ireirT<i>Kap.tv tU tous iroXc- 
fiiovi, rtfmXXov, clirev, ij « s ij/tas iKtivot; 6. 'Aproiranp 
Xeyerai, hrtiSi] ttSt ireirTawcora Kvpov, KaTaTrrj&frras diro tov 
anrov trtpmto-tiv drr<3. 7. iv toutous Tais irdXtcriv eytvto~0t (cat 
trpcufnyrt. 8. o/t* iJXup dvurxovrt ^X0c llpoicX^, yeyovebs drd 
Aa/iapdVov toS Ad/curos. 9. 17 8pm Tucm ua. 10. tovto 
Tiicrei wdXc/AOV kou txOpav. 



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JRBEGULAK VERBS. 147 

1. The lathers having lost their sons wept. 2. The Corinthian 
country will have its name from Corinthus, a son of Zeus. 3. The 
gods have called the narrow-strait Hellespont. 4. The king has 
held and will hold many cities. 5. The soldiers had fallen into-the- 
midst-of (tit) the enemies. 6. The companions, having leaped-down 
from their horses, fell-over Cyrus. 7. He was bom and brought- 
up in this city. 8. Procles is descended from Demaratus the La- 
conian. 9. The mother bore a beautiful child. 10. These-things 
have produced and will produce war and enmity. 



VII. Verbs which form their Second Aorists like the Verbs 
in iu. (See p. 139.) 

Exekcisb LXXV. 

A. — 1. <v AeX^ots 7)v yeypa/j.fjLevov irpos T<ji v«$, to Tv!Z>9t 
travrov.* 2. pi) rXfl't H- € TpoSovvau 3. r/ rvpawls aSuuas 
p.rjrr]p c<pu. 4. Sia owcr/s tfiyj vip.vri$ €ts "EA.eVijv. 5. airXovs 
6 /twos T77S a\i)6iia<; e<pv. 6. opyifo/itvos avOpanros oiiK av (v 
yvoCrj. 7. rkrjOi tow covs ■trpoo-fiXiirtt.v (vavrtow *x#poi;s. 
8. to evSwat tol otrXa ckoXow 01 irctXaiol £<6o-a<r(9<H. 9. Xeyerai 
6 'HpaKXrjt hrl rbv Ktpfiepov kwo KaTa/3rjvcu. 10. AcuSaAos 
irotrjcra.'S Trrtpvyas irpcxrOtras e^omj /xerct rov Ixapov. 

1. He knew himself. 2. Know yourselves. 3. He did not 
endure to betray me. 4. Do not ye endure to betray us. 5. He 
went into the city. 6. Do not go into the city. 7. Simple are 
(2 aor. of tpva) the words of truth. 8. Men in-anger (being angry) 
would not judge rightly. 9. Hercules descended for the dog Cer- 
berus. 10. Daedalus and Icarus having made wings flew away. 
* to the laying. f Subj. used u an imperative. 

B. — 1. 01 'AOrjvaioi tow vpu/row avOpanrow in ttjs 'Attuojs 
ava<f>vvai AeyowtP. 2. Kara rov ncA.07rowryo~iaKov iroAeyxov 
MtrriXiyvr/, iroAts Iv rfj vrj<ru> A«r/3u>, inr A#r/vaiW iakm. 3. 6 
HXdnov cTtXtun^re t<}> irpamp Ira rijs 6700175 ftot «caTooT)}s 
'OAv/wriaoos, /Jiovs £TOS tv irpos Tots oySoijKOvra. 4. ^iXiot 
'AOrjvaiiov im tos ratis ras tv Hiryats cVt^Saires irapeVAtwrav 
€S Sitfvfiva. 5. 01 avOpoiirot. ttjv aXrfltun/ yvfivot OTrnJSowriv. 
6. 17 7rdAis octvSvcttKrtv wro tup TroAt/uW aA&rat. 7. avyyv(o8C 
/tot, w irartp. 8. ets Tl Karaovs tou Kooyiov p:cpos koi airoKpxnf/ai 
vtaxrrov, mcTTevas ori to> 0eo> a7ro7r«pevyas ; 9. 6 ooSAos 
tkaBty diroopas rov Sto^irorrp'. 10. pa/jirore creavrbv airoyv&s. 
1* 



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148 IBBEQULAB VERBS. 

1. The first men sprang out-of Attica. 2. In (koto) the Pelopon- 
nesian war the cities in the island (of) Lesbos were taken by the 
Athenians. 3. Plato lived one year in addition to eighty. 4. The 
philosopher is said to have lived one hundred years. 5. Two 
thousand Athenians embarked upon the ships. 6. The cities having 
been taken by the enemies were razed-to-the-ground. 7. The 
fathers pardoned the boy. 8. The wicked having descended into 
some portion of the world, and having concealed themselves, believe 
that they have fled from God. 9. The slaves escaped from their 
masters. 10. He never despaired of himself. 



VIII. Verbs wlicli have Perfects without any Present Tense. 
(See p. 140.) 

Exeucise LXXVI. 

1. axprjtrrov irpooSevat rot p-iXXovra. 2. ol AyaOol Ttavrutv 
fierpov uraxrw «x €a/- 3- voXXol avOpumoi ovre otkas y8e<rav, 
ovre vopovs. 4. Otov? al&ov /cat SeCSiOi. 5. IvSol ovre SavtC- 
fowiv ovt* uraox 8av«'f€o-0at. 6. Awnjv evvovs oT8e Otpaireuav 
Xayos. 7. os out ipvOpiav oTSev ovre StSUvat, ra irpurra* iraoTjs 
Tr/s dyaioa'as e^ex. 8. hrrw r) YLtkoTrowrjtTOS eoiicvla. <f>vXXxo 
irXoravov to o^/to.f 

1. The prophets know-beforehand the future. 2. We prophets 
knew-beforehand the future. 3. A good man knows (how) to have 
moderation in all-things (gen.). 4. lie reverences and fears the 
gods. 5. They reverenced and feared the gods. 6. He knows 
neither (how) to reverence the gods nor to fear (them). 7. The 
Indians never lent-money-at-usury, nor did they know (how) to 
borrow-money-on-usury. 8. The daughter resembles her mother. 
* The Oemmtt qf all ihameUsmai. t Accusative of reference. 



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( 149 ) 



A SHOET SYNTAX. 



First Concord. 

§ 1. A Verb agrees with its Nominative case in Number 
and Person : as, 6 ?r<us t/>«x € '> the boy runs ; ol ir<u8« rpexovo-iv, 
the boys run. 

§ 2. Exception. — The Nominative Plural of Neuter 
Nouns has the Verb in tbe Singular : as.ra poSa «rri koXo, 
the roses are beautiful. 

Second Concord. 
§ 3. An Adjective agrees with its Noun in Gender, 
Number, and Case : as 6 dya#ds avrjp, the good man ; r) dya6r) 
ywrj, the good woman ; to ayaOov BevSpov, the good tree. 

Third Concord. 
§ 4. The Relative Pronoun agrees with the Antecedent 
in Gender, Number, and Person, but in Case follows its 
own clause : as 5X/3ios 6 orpaTijyo's, ov ol iroAiTai OavfiA^ovo-LV, 
happy (is~) the general whom the citizens admire. 

Apposition. 
§ 5. When two Nouns refer to the same person or thing, 
they are put in the same Case by Apposition : as, Kvpos, 6 
r&v Hepo-Ssv fSao-tXtvs, Gyrus, the king of the Persians. 

The Article. 

§ 6. A Noun without the Article is indefinite : as, mus, 
a boy ; a Noun with the Article is definite : as, 6 wcus, the 
boy. 

§ 7. Without the Article the Adjective may either pre- 
cede or follow the Noun : as, dya#os avrjp or avi)p dyaflos, a 
good man. But the good man must be in Greek in the same 
order as in English, thus : o dyatfos avrjp. 

§ 8. If the Adjective is placed first or last, with the 
Article and Noun, it becomes a Predicate: as, dyaflos 6 



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u 



150 A SHORT 8YHTAX. 

im/jp or 6 avi)p ayaOos, the man (is) good, iari being under- 
stood. 

§ 9. Hence the Predicate generally has no Article. The 
Article distinguishes the Subject from the Predicate : as, 
jcaAos icn-Lv 6 mus, the boy is handsome ; but «ca\ds «m ircus, 
he is a handsome boy. 

§ 10. The Article is placed before many Nouns, though 
not translated in English : as 

Before nouns denoting material : as, 6 xpvo-os, gold. 
Before nouns denoting whole classes of objectB: 

as, ot wires, vultures. 
Before abstract nouns : as, y St/07, justice. 
Before proper names, especially when they have 
been previously mentioned, and when not 
followed by another noun in apposition : as, 6 
^uiKpaTrp, Socrates; but 5a>/cpar>/s 6 <jn\6<ro<pos, 
Socrates the philosopher. 
§ 11. The Article supplies the place of the Possessive 
Pronoun, when the Pronoun is not emphatic : as, f/ /"jri/p 
6av/jux^ti Tip Ovyaripa, the mother admires her daughter. 

Nominative Case. 

§ 12. The Nominative denotes the Subject. When two 
Nouns are connected by the verb " to be," they are put in 
the same case : as, 17 yrj a-<palpd iariv, the earth is a globe. 

Accusative Case. 

§ 13. The Accusative denotes the Object. Transitive 
Verbs govern the Accusative : as, y 'ABtjvS. 6avpA£,ti rrpi 
ooojv, Athena admires justice. 

§ 14. Some Verbs, especially those of saying something of, 
of doing something to, of asking, teaching, and concealing, 
take a Double Accusative, viz. both of the person and the 
thing : e.g. kouco. irXtlara tlpyao-fiai rbv v/xerepov oUov, I have 
inflicted very great injuries on your family ; eSiSo^av t6v iratoa 
Trpy ftxmo-iK-qv, they taught the boy music. 

§ 15. An Accusative of Reference or Respect is very often 
used both with Verbs and Adjectives, to point out to what 
the idea of these words refers : e.g. Kdp.v<a rijv K«j>a\-qv, I 
suffer in (lit. as to) my head; oiStls avOpotiros avros ■jrdvra 
<ro<j><k, no man is himself wise in everything. 

§ 16. The answers to the questions flow far t Row long 1 



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A SHORT SYNTAX. 151 

are put in the Accusative : as, dw/^tt TrevryKovra araSibus, 
it is fifty stades distant ; rp&s //.lyras tyueivtv, he stayed three 

months. 

Genitive Case. 

§ 17. The latter of two Nouns is put in the Genitive, 
when one is dependent upon the other: as, 17 c3«oo-*/?«a 
toriv apxri rijq o-o^ias, the fear-of-God is the beginning of 
wisdom. 

§ 18. The answer to the question when t is put in the 
Genitive : as, ^ei/uHcos at vvktk jxaKpai tunv, in the winter the 
nights are long. 

§ 19. The Comparative governs the Genitive : as, <ro<f>ia 
7rA.cn/T0v K-rrj/xa rifuwrtpov cotiv, wisdom is a possession more 
valuable than wealth. 

§ 20. The Genitive Absolute is used in connection with 
Participles, just like the Ablative Absolute in Latin : as, 
Kvpov fiacrtAevovTos, Gyro regnante. 

Dative Case. 

§ 21. The Dative indicates the person who gains or 
loses anything: as, 6 vwvos Orjo-avpos tori tois dvcfyxoirois, 
sleep is a treasure for (or to) men. 

§ 22. The Dative with Transitive Verbs is the Indirect 
Object : as, Bl8o>[u Tip irouSi ra xpyp&Ta, I give the money to the 
boy. 

§ 23. The Dative with the Verb " to be " indicates the 
possessor : as, iroAXot p.01 <f>(\m turiv, I have many friends. 

§ 24. The Dative indicates the means or instrument by 
which a thing is done, or the cause from which an action 
proceeds : as, bpSt/xtv tois 6<j>$aXfioh, we see with the eyes ; 
avOptoiros <pvo-*i irokmieou, man (is) by nature (a creature) 
fitted-for-the-state. "When thus used, it is called the 
Instrumental Dative, corresponding to the Ablative in 
Latin. 

Prepositions. 

§ 25. The Prepositions in Greek govern either the 
Genitive, or the Dative, or the Accusative case. As a 
general rule, Prepositions signifying motion to govern the 
Accusative; those signifying motion from govern the 
Genitive ; and those signifying rest or proximity govern 
the Dative. 



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152 A SHOUT SYNTAX. 

I. Prepositions with, one case only : — 

1. With Ace. avd, up; els, into; us, to, of persons only. 

2. With Gen. &rev, without; fori, in place of; ax&, from; 

in (or «'{), out of; nfi, before. 

3. With Dat. iv, in ; avv, with. 

II. Prepositions -with two cases : — 



in 





With Accusative. 


With Omit it*. 


Irtl, 


round, 


about. 




id, 


on account of, 
down (along). 


through. 


Kurd, 


down 


(upon). 


Utrd, 


after, 


with. 




trwif, 


beyond, 


above, 


on behalf of. 


'.. Prepositions with three cases : — 








With Ace. With Gen. 




Wtih Dat. 


M, 


against, to, on, during. 


on. 


mpd, 


to, across, from, 




by. 


«pf, 


around, about, 




around. 


■KpAs, 


towards, from, 




to, at. 


{nr6, 


under, near, by, 

The Voices. 




under. 



§ 26. There are three Voices, Active, Passive, and Middle. 

§ 27. The Active and Passive Voices are used nearly as 
in Latin, the Ablative of the Agent after the Passive 
Voice being expressed in Greek by wo with the Genitive. 

§ 28. The primary meaning of the Middle Voice is 
reflexive, and may be divided into : — 

(1.) Tbe Direct Middle, in which the Subject is also the 
direct Object of the Verb : as, Aouo/uu, I wash myself. 

(2.) The Indirect Middle, in which the Subject is not the 
direct Object of the Verb, but is affected by the action of 
the Verb : as, 7ropi£o/u,ai ^p^/i-axa, I provide money for myself; 
ayofxai yuvaoca, I take a wife to myself 

(3. ) The Causative Middle, in which the Subject gets an 
action done for itself: as, 6 ira-njp StSacrKcrai tov vlov, the 
father gets his son taught. 

Indicative Mood. 
§ 29. The Indicative is employed simply to state a fact 
positively or negatively, or simply to ask a question : as, 
6 Troiii-qv Kvvas rpitpti, the shepherd rears dogs. 

Subjunctive Mood. 
§ 30. The Subjunctive expresses what might to take 
place ; it always refers to present or future time. Hence 
it is used in the following oases : — 



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A. SHORT SYNTAX. 153 

(1.) As a challenge in the first person: as, tuyicv, let us 
go [eamus]. 

(2.) With the negative p.q in prohibitions and in negative 
admonitions : as, pi/ tovto Troirjo-ys, ne hoc feceris, you ought 
not to do this. 

(3.) In hesitating questions, where it is asked what should 
be done : as, «' <pw; what am I to say ? 

(4.) With ix.r) in sentences expressing fear or anxiety : /nj 
aypotKorepov jj to aXtjOh tbreiv, if it be not rather rude to say 
the truth. 

Optative Mood. 

§ 31. (1.) The Optative alone (without the particle av) 
is used to express a wish that something may take place ; 
as, cvSat/uov tlrfv, may I be happy. 

(2.) The Optative with the particle av expresses possi- 
bility : tovto ytvoir av, that (could) might be. 

Subjunctive and Optative Moods in Subordinate 

Sentences. 

§ 32. In sentences expressing an object or purpose in- 
troduced by the Conjunctions fva, <os, oWs, in order that, 
that, the Subjunctive is used when the preceding sentence 
has a Principal or Primary tense, and the Optative when 
the preceding sentence has an Historical tense : as, 

6 iroifiijv #cvVas Tp(<j>ti, iva tous Avkovs diro t5v irpojid.Twr 
airtpvKwo-ar, the shepherd rears dogs, in order that they may 
keep-off the wolves from the sheep. 

6 iroifir/v icivas erpt<pa>, fva tous Avkovs euro twv irpofiarmv 
aircpvKoitv, the shepherd was rearing dogs, in order that they 
might keep off the wolves from the sheep. 

The Principal or Primary Tenses are the Present, 
Perfect, and Future. 

The Historical Tenses are the Imperfect, Pluperfect, and 
Aorist. 

Hence what is sequence of Tenses in Latin (see P. L. i. 
p. 95) is sequence of Moods in Greek. 

Hypothetical or Conditional Propositions. 

§ 33. Every conditional proposition is either ■possible or 
impossible. The possible cases either express an uncertainty 
or not : if they be attended with uncertainty, the speaker 



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154 A SHOBT SYNTAX. 

either alludes to a future decision and determination or 
not. Hence the following cases : 

(1.) Possibility, without any mention of uncertainty. 
Use el, if, with the Indicative : as, ti n i\tn, 80s, if thou hast 
anything, give it. . , 

(2.) Uncertainty, with the prospect of a decision and 
determination. Use idv, if, with the Subjunctive : as, lav ti 
ixutaev, 8(o<ro/io', if we should have anything, we will give it. 

(3.) Uncertainty, without any prospect of decision and 
determination. Use ti, if, with the Optative in the hypo- 
thesis, and av with the Optative in the conclusion : as, « 
Tts Tauro irparroi, plya / av dxjxMptuv, if any one should do 
this, he would render me a great service. 

(4.) Impossibility, or belief that the thing is not so. Use 
the Indicative in both clauses, and av with the conclusion.^ 

For present or indefinite time, use the Imperfect : as, ei 
ti tT X ev, iSCBov av, if he had anything, he would give it. ^ 

For past time use the Aorist : as, tt ti to^ev, eS^ttv av, 17 
he had had anything, he would have given it. 

Imperative Mood. 

§ 34. The Imperative is the mood of command and, with 
negatives, of prohibition. 

A prohibition in the second person can be expressed 
only in two ways, viz. either with /mj and the Present 
Imperative : as, fit] irpam, do not, of & continued action ; or 
with nrj and the Aorist Subjunctive : /»? irpd£ff>, do not do, of 
a momentary action. 

The Infinitive. 

§ 35. The latter of two Verbs is put in the Infinitive : 
as, iOtXw rpcfaiv Xinrovs, I wish to rear horses. 

§ 36. The Accusative and the Infinitive are used as in 
Latin, after verbs of saying, thinking, hearing, knowing, &c. : 
as, TyyttXov rov Kvpov vixrjo-ai, nuntiabant Cyrum vicisse, they 
reported that Cyrus had conquered. 

(1 ) But if the subject of the Infinitive is the same as 
the subject of the preceding verb, it is not expressed at 
all : as, vo/ufa vo<iiojko<<u, puto me vicisse, I think that I have 

""oJsTwhen the subject of the Infinitive is thus omitted, 
the additions to the Infinitive must be in the Nominative : 



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A SHORT SYNTAX. 155 

as, 6 'AA.c£av8pos tyaa-Kcv (Ivai Atos vlo<s, Alexander dicebat se 
esse Jovis filium, Alexander said that he was the son of Jupiter. 
§ 37. The Article before the Infinitive turns it into a 
Noun: as, to purely, hating or hatred. It thus becomes 
declinable, and answers to the Latin Gerund : as, imOvpia 
rov tnilv, desiderium bibendi, desire of drinking. 

The Participle. 

§ 38. The Article before the Participle turns it into a 
Noun : as, oi <£tvyoiTcs, those who flee, the exiles ; 6 koAws 
irpdrriov, he who does well. 

The Verbal Adjective. 

§ 39. The Verbal Adjective in -t«os implying necessity, 
is constructed in two ways : 

(1.) The Object of a necessary action becomes the 
Subject, and the Verbal Adjective agrees with it : as, ^ 
jrdAis tois iroXiTcus uxpeXrp-ia, the state must be assisted by its 
citizens. 

(2.) The Neutral or Impersonal construction, where the 
object of the action is in the case required by the verb : 
as, 8l<j)kt€ov fifiXv rrpf aperrjv, we must pursue virtue ; /Joiy&jreov 
rjiuv «m tois Trpayixxuriv, we must help the state. 

The agent is in both cases in the Dative. 

The Negatives. 

§ 40. The Greets have two different Negatives, ov and 
fa). The principal distinction between them is that ov 
denies a fact, p.ri the mere conception of it ; pj is used to 
express a prohibition (see § 30, (2), (4), and § 34). ^ 
also expresses a wish, with the Optative: as, p.i> Xiyoipi, 
may I not say t 

§ 41. A Negative is not neutralized by a subsequent 
compound negative of the same kind, but only continued. 
In translating, the negative is employed only once in 
English, and the place of the other negative is supplied 
by an indefinite : as, ov8eis irunrore Swcparovs oiSkv do-cy3«s 
ovSt avoaiov ovrt irpdrTovros ovrc Aeyovros rpKowcv, no one ever 
heard Socrates either doing or saying anything impious or 
unholy. 



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( 156 ) 
ACCENTS. 



§ 1. For the marks of Accent, see p. 3. 

§ 2. A word having the acute accent on the last syllable is called 
oxytone, as irapa : on the last but one, paroxytone, as Xeym : on the 
last but two, proparoxytone, as Xryerai. A word having the cir- 
cumflex accent on the last syllable is called perispomenon, as o-iaas : 
on the last syllable but one, properispomenon, as <pevye. A word 
not accented on the last syllable is called barytone. 

§ 3. The grave accent is substituted for the acute in an oxytone 
when the word in which it occurs is uninterruptedly followed by 
another word, as anb tovtov. According to the usage of many writers, 
the occurrence of a comma is not sufficient to restore the acute. 

§ 4. The acute accent may stand on one of the last three 
syllables of a word, and the ciroumflex on one of the last two 
syllables; but the position of both accents depends partly upon 
the quantity of the final syllable. 

If the final syllable is short, the acute can go back to the third 
syllable from the end of the word, and the circumflex to the second 
syllable from the end : as, &*9pa>iros, alavi. But if the final syllable 
is long, the acute accent cannot go further back than the second 
syllable from the end, and the circumflex can only be placed on the 
last syllable : as, dvBp&wov, iroieU. (Many authorities except words 
ending in £, and write Kijpv£, 0£pi;§.) For purposes of accentua- 
tion the endings oi and at are considered short (except in the 
Optatives of Verbs) : as, avOpawoi, yKamrat. 

§ 5. If the last syllable but one is long by nature and accented, 
it can have no other accent than the circumflex, provided the last 
syllable is short : as, <j>evye, ovkov (but o-vkov, see § 7). But words 
such as ovns, &otc, are really enclitic compounds. See § 9. 

§ 6. Contracted syllables, (a) If neither of the uncontracted 
vowels has the accent, the contracted syllable has no accent : as, 
yiveos, yivovs : rlpae, rifia. (b) If the first of the uncontracted 
vowels has the acute accent, the contracted syllable has the cir- 
cumflex: as, (piXifi, (pikel: noUovo-t, woiovo-i. (c) If the second 
of these has the acute accent, the contracted syllable keeps the 
acute : as, co~rai>s, lo-ras. But io-raoros, (ctwtos according to § 5. 

§ 7. Declension. — The accent remains unaltered on the syllable 
on which it stood in the Nominative, as long as the general laws of 
accent allow : but when the final syllable is lengthened, or another 
syllable is added, the accent is shifted or changed only as much as 
is absolutely necessary : as, av6pamos, av6pamov : c&pa, o-aparos, 
(rioparav : o-vkov, ovkov. The Genitives and Datives of words accented 
on the last syllable always have the circumflex (except in the Gen. 
Sing, of the Attic Second Declension, as \aya, Gen. of Xaycis) : as, 



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ACCENTS. 157 

irora/tov Gen. Sing, of vorapos : np,jj Dat. Sing, of rtfiij : no8S>v 
Gen. PI. of Trovr. The Gen. PI. of the 1st Declension has in- 
variably the circumflex on the ending, because &>v is a contraction 
of aav. Adjectives and Participles in the Feminine follow this 
law of the First Declension only when the Masculine is of the Third 
Declension : as \apwo-a , S>v from \apieis, rvrrrovouv from rimrav : 
but Sixaiav Masc. and Fern, alike from Sluaios : rvnropivav Masc. 
and Fern, from rowropjtvos. Adjectives (but not Participles) in a>v 
and a few others usually throw back the accent in the Neuter : as 
Masc. and Fern, tvhaipav, tcaXXiW, Kcut. tvBaipov, koXKlov. 

Some Irregularities. — (a) Contracted Second Declension. In the 
N. A. V. Dual the circumflex is not used, as voa, va, not va (from 
v6os, the mind) contrary to § 6, b. (b) In the Attic Second De- 
clension <a> always passes as one syllable with regard to accent : as 
avaycav. So in like manner in the Third Declension in Nouns in 
is and vs : as, ir6\ca>s, noKtov, from irokts : »njxe<»r, jnjx«<*»', from 
jrijxw: and in the Gen. Sing, also of Neuters in t and v : as o-tvd- 
ir€ias from trlvcmi : aortas from Sarv (but in Plur. <mwreW, aartwv). 
(See p. 25.) And so d>tXoycXa>r, tvKtpas. (c) Most Nouns and 
Adjectives (not Participles) of one syllable increasing accentuate the 
Gen. and Pat. of all numbers on the case-ending (circumflex if the 
vowel be long) : ttoS-oj, jrofi-i (but n6S-a), iroboiv, iro&a>v, jroai, 
from itovs, the foot, (d) When the accented syllable of a declinable 
word is elided, the accent is thrown back : as jrdXX' for jroXXd. But 
not with particles : as dXX', tear, for aXkd, Kara. 

§ 8. Conjugation. — The accent of the verb is placed as far back as 
possible : thus, Tinrrto, ervirrov, irv^a, &c. But this is subject to 
the following exceptions, (a) In compound verbs the accent never 
goes back beyond the syllable on which the first word had the accent 
before the composition : dirdoot , give back (ano), not SnoSos ; in'ur\ts, 
hold in (eiri), not emo-xfs- (JO I n double compounds the accent 
never goes back beyond the second : owtKbos, give out with ; irapivBts, 
put in besides, (c) The accent does not pass beyond the Augment or 
Beduplicatian : dirfp\6e, he went away ; a<p'iicTai, he has arrived. 
This is the case even when the Augment or Reduplication is not 
expressed : vitukov, I gave way ; avtipe, he found again. But 
avvoiSa, I know along with, from oKa, / know, forms an exception, 
and KdBnpai, I sit, is treated as a simple Verb (compare however the 
two forms of the Imperfect on page 122). The compounds of tlpi 
and elpi, as irdptipi, and the Imperative »rdpex f > are also exceptional. 
The other exceptions under each Mood are : 

Imperative. — The 2 Pers. Sing, of 2 Aorist Mid. has the circum- 
flex on the last syllable : as, rtmov. The 2 Sing, of the 2 Aorist 
Act. in the following verbs has the acute on the last syllable : 
ttirt, e\6t, tvpi, lie, Xa/3c. 

Subjunctive. — The 1 and 2 Aorists Pass, have the circumflex on 
the last syllable : as, rvcpda, tvjtu. 



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158 ACCENTS. 

Infinitive. — (a) The 2 Aorist Active has the circumflex on the 
last syllable: as, rvnelv. (6) The following have the accent on 
the last syllable but one — the acute, if the syllable is short ; the 
circumflex, if the syllable is long. 1 Aorist Act. : as, vopio-ai, 
iroirjarai. 1 and 2 Perfect Act. : as, rervcpivai, renmevai (so all 
Infinitives in vai : as, iarayai, 8eivai). Perfect Pass, and Mid. : as, 
rerixpdai, ireiroirjxrdai. 2 Aorist Mid. : as, rxmea-Bai. 

Participle. — (a) The following have the acute on the last 
syllable. 2 Aorist Act. : as, rtmav. 1 and 2 Perfect Act. : as, 
T(rv<pat, Ttnmmg. 1 and 2 Aorist Pass. : as, rv<pdeis, rvireis. Ali 
Act. Parts, of Verbs in pi : as ioras, Siiois, SeiKvvs. The Verbal 
in rds : as ■nnrros. (b) The Perfect Pass, and Mid. and the Verbal 
in riot have the acute on the last syllable but one : as, Tervppivos, 
rvwreos. 

§ 9. Enclitics throw their accent back on the last syllable of the 
preceding word, if it can receive it. The following are enclitics: 
(a) The indefinite pronoun rig, in all forms (the interrogative* rls, 
ti, on the contrary, never take a grave accent). (6) The personal 
pronouns, in the forms pov poi pi, crov cot ere, oS of e, crcpalv, 
Btpi<ri(v). (c) The Indicative Pres. of elpl, I am, and of <br)pi, I 
say, except the second Pers. Sing, fori (or tori) also has many 
peculiarities, (d) The indefinite adverbs irov, irore, iras, vet, &c. 
(e) The particles ye, re, rot, tniv or vv, &C. 

§ 10. The following are the rules in reference to the accent of 
enclitics, (a) If the preceding word be proparoxytone or properi- 
spomenon, such word retains its own accent, but receives also the 
accent of the enclitic, which is always acute : as, &v8pav6s ris, 
/3ej3atot elcriv, erapa ye, iraih'es rivet. (6) After a paroxytone, en- 
clitics of one syllable entirely lose their accent ; but those of two 
syllables retain their accent : citXos pov, \6yos nt : but Xdyot rives, 
Xoycov TivS>v, evavrios <r<f>i(riv. (c) An oxylone followed by an en- 
clitic retains its own accent acute instead of changing it to grave : 
as, aya06v n, avros <pri<riv. (rf) A perispomenon followed by an en- 
clitic simply deprives the latter of any accent, even if it is of two 
syllables : as avbpav nvav. (The peculiarly accentuated compounds 
ovtivos, hvrivav, &c, are in reality examples falling under this rule.) 
(e) When the syllable that would take the enclitic's accent is elided, 
latter retains its own : as avSpes 6" elcriv, (rap e<rriv. 

§ 11. Atona.—:-A. few words have no accent (Srova). They are 
6, ij, oi, at, the nom. masc. and fern. sing, and plur. of the article ; 
the prepositions ev, «, els ; the conjunctions ei, as ; the negative ou. 
These words can take an acute accent when they immediately pre- 
cede an enclitic ; and oi becomes ov whenever it ends a sentence. 

§ 12. Many words written alike differ in meaning according to 
the accent. A list of such words is given on p. 182. 



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( 159 ) 



VOCABULARIES. 



Vocabulary 1. 
'A&jvS, 17, the goddess Athena. 

ilXrjdeia, ty, truth. 
/3ao-iXf 10, t), queen. 
81*07, fi, justice, penalty. 
Mov<ra, ^, Muse. 
vi/ufir), f), bride. 
6, r\, to, the. 
mryfi, »/, fountain. 
X*>p<»j v> land, country. 

Vocabulary 2. 

atria, % cause. 
apery, t), virtue, valour. 
*PKI, V, beginning. 
yrj, j), earth, land. 
66£a, f), glory, reputation. 
imBviiia, q, desire. 
fcWe/9«m, 17, fear of God. 
pt'fa, 17, root. 
paw, i), strength. 
o-o<pia, 17, wisdom. 
oTpaipa, 17, globe. 
<pt\la, ti, friendship. 
faxfi, % soul, life. 

Vocabulary 3. 
'Avagayopas, 6, Anaxagoras, a 

Greek philosopher. 
Topyias, 6, Gorgias, a Greek 

philosopher. 
'Epiitjt, 6, the god Hermes. 
tvperf)s, 6, discoverer, inventor. 
Eipmidris, 6, Euripides, a Greek 

tragic poet. 
'Itnr'uK, 6, Hippias, a Greek 

sophist. 
Kai, conj., and, also, even, both. 
fia&jrijr, 6, disciple. 
vtauias, 6, young man. 



'Ope'onjr, 6, Orestes, an Argive 
hero. 

iraXaLo-rpa, 17, wrestling-school. 

iroXinjr, 6, citizen. 

Uparayopas, 6, Protagoras, a 
Greek sophist. 

^Kidtjs, 6, Scythian. 

<ro^>i<rrijf, 6, sophist. 

Ti<rt'ai, 6, Tisias, a Greek philo- 
sopher. 

Vocabulary 4. 

a8e\cp6s, 6, brother. 

apftpoaia, 17, ambrosia, food of 

the gods. 
a/ureXor, q, vine. 
Svdpawos, 6, man. 
apyvpog, 6, silver. 
Bda-Svos, fj, touchstone, test. 
(uovio-os, 6, the god Dionysus 

or Bacchus. 
ooKos, 6, guile. 
Odvaros, 6, death. 
6*6s, 0, god ; voc. 0t6s. 
6t)o-avp6s, 6, treasure. 
Kaxia, f), vice, cowardice. 
VT)tros, 17, island. 
&iTos, 6, food, corn. 
Tpoiror, 6, (pi.) character. 
vrnipinis, 6, minister. 
vm/os, 6, sleep. 
Xpva-os, 6, gold. 

Vocabulary 5. 

SevSpov, to, tree. 
Sapov, to, gift. 
eibaikov, to, image. 
Xov, to, violet. 
Xdyot, 8, word. 
voa-os, f), disease, illness. 



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160 



VOCABULARIES 6-12. 



otKtfrijpiov, to, habitation. 
oboe, 6, wine. 
"OXv/Mi-or, d, Olympus. 
po&ov, t6, rose. 
OT)jitiov, to, sign. 
vrtyavot, 6, crown. 
(papfiaKov, to, medicine, remedy, 

poison. 
ipiXKov, to, leaf. 

Vocabulary 6. 

'Avbpoyias, 6, Androgeos, a 

Greek hero. 
ai/aytav, r6, upper-room. 
8ap.6s, i, altar. 
Xayuc, o, hare. 
MiVoji, o, Minos, a Qreek hero. 
vtit, d, temple. 
Sd/uot, d, Samian. 
raSts, d, peacock, 
vi'iif, d, son. 

Vocabulary T. 

aya$St, f), 6v, good, brave. 
oVSu/ior, i}, ov, twin. 
itaXdr, tj, oV, beautiful, honour- 
able. 
votpos, tj, dV, wise. 
<pi\ios, a, oy, friendly. 

Vocabulary 8. 

fiyovt, ovr, foolish. 
chrXovr, tj, ovy, simple. 
«i"Kovr, ow, well-disposed. 
tXttw, •>», propitious. 
Karomroov, to, mirror. 
mit, o, mind, intelligence. 
wrrovi>, to, bone, 
wterrw, *fr or, faithful. 
irXoSt, d, voyage. 
rd#or, d» tomb. 
XoXurot, d» bridle. 
\ptxnvs, 9, ov», golden. 

Vocabulary 9. 

"-Vxj^. "Apa&os, A, Arab. 
0«.t. «, life. 



yv^, yvTrdr, 6, vulture. 
Jjr7ror, 6 and ^, horse. 
io~xvpos, a, 6v, strong. 
Ktjpv( , Kr/pvKog, 6, herald. 

p.vppri£, pipp.rjKos, d, ant. 
6Vv£, ovu^oy, d, talon, claw. 
5prv£, oprvyos, 6 and r), quail. 
jroXwrovos, oi», laborious. 
oJ>Xr^, <f>\(fi6s, fi, vein. 
<f>i\a(, <pi\aKot, 6, guard. 

Vocabulary 10. 

doTri'r, d(T7ri'8or, ^, shield. 

tXwis, iXirlSos, fi, hope. 

Xa/wrdr, Xa/xjrdSor, q, torch, lamp. 

fionpos, a, ov, long. 

o/mr, ipvWos, 6 and ^, bird. 

irair, iraiddr, d and iy, boy, girl, 
child. 

varpls, irarpiHot, ij, native-land, 
country. 

irpoSdn/r, ou, d, traitor, be- 
trayer. 

Vocabulary 11. 

3px<*>v, upxpvrot, d, ruler. 

yipav, yipovrot, d, old-man. 

yiyar, yiyavrot, d, giant. 

XfW, Xcoyror, d, lion. 

tri£ , pvktos, 5, night. 

&&aic , didrror, d, tooth. 

Uaias, ITotWros, d, Poeas, a 

Greek hero. 
♦iXoKnjrqr, d, Philoctetes, a 

Greek hero. 

Vocabulary IS. 
^SXX^.'KXXijwi, d, Greek. 

rffip.iir, rrytflurvt, d, leader. 

6V, A)|iw, d, wild-beast. 
oVyur^p, Ovyarpas, if, daughter. 
Xtfiqn, Xipcvor , d, harbour, 
^irnjo, nrpoV, $, mother, 
irarfp, surpds, d, father, 
p^ntp, (S^ropo*. d, orator. 
(pofftpiii, u, oV, fearful, formid- 
able. 
X*i«ir, \ti|i£roj. p, winter. 



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VOCABULARIES 13-16. 



161 



Vocabulary 13. 

aibiida, f), injustice. 

dvSpeia, fi, valour, bravery. 

bidipopos, ov, distinguished. 

lo-^is, lamias, iy, strength. 

KaKot, rj, ok, evil, bad. 

KpoKobfiKot, o, crocodile. 

Meftvav, Wlipvovos, 6, Memnon, 
an Aethiopian warrior. 

6(p8akp.6s, 6, eye. 

iroXtr, 7roXfo>r, f/, city, state. 

irpa£is, wpd£fa>s, f/, action. 

iripyos, 6, tower. 

arams, <nw«a>r, 7, faction. 

orive ens , awicreiat, fj, intelligence. 

vis, o~vds, 6 and f), boar, sow, 
swine. 

<p86vos, 6, envy. 

<f>p6vT]<rK, (j>povrj<T«os, r), pru- 
dence. 

<f>io-is, tas, ij, nature. 

Vocabulary 14. 

Ayapjpvav, 'Ayapipvovos, 6, 
Agamemnon, a king of Argos, 
leader of the Greeks. 

'Arptis, 'Axpfas, 6, Atreus, a 
Greek hero. 

'Ax»XXevr, 'AgiXXfor, 6, Achil- 
les, a Greek hero. 

fia<Ti\{vs, fiaviXcais, 6, king. 

/3ovr, /3oor, 6 and ij, bull, ox, cow. 

yovtis, yoveas, 6, a parent, father. 

ypavs, ypads, q, old-woman. 

Apias, Apvavros, 6, Dryas, a 
Macedonian king. 

fVijuAfia, ij, care. 

Kvpos, 6, Cyrus, a Persian king. 

AvKovpyos, 6, Lycurgus, a 
Spartan lawgiver ; also a Ma- 
cedonian king. 

MaKcSav, TAatebovos, 6, Mace- 
donian. 

MfWAaor, 5, Menelaus, a Greek 
hero. 

08vp~o~evs, 'OoWo*c«tf, 6, Odys- 
seus, or Ulysses, a Greek hero. 



JldrpoieXor, ov, 6, Patroclus, a 

Greek hero. 
n.4po-t)s, 6, Persian. 
irokiXoyos, ov, talkative. 
TijXe/ia^or, 6, Telemachus, son 

of Odysseus. 
<f>[\os, 6, friend. 
Xpijoro'f, t), <Ji», useful. 

Vocabulary 15. 

alios, alSois, fj, reverence. 
agios, a, ov, worthy. 
'AiraXXav, 'AiraXXavor, 6, the 

god Apollo. 
"Aprtpis, 'AprcpuSos, ff, the god- 
dess Artemis. 
Topywv, Topyovos, 17, Gorgon, a 

fabulous monster. 
Spas, Spoos, 6, slave. 
'Eparaj, 'Eparovs, 7, Erato, ono 

of the Muses. 
ijpeas, rjpmos, 6, hero. 
iaropioypd<f>os, 6, historian. 
Krp-a, Kijtovs, 7, Ceto, wife of 

Phorcys. 
KXfti, KAeioOr, 17, Clio, one of 

the Muses. 
Aijri, AtjTovs, ij, the goddess 

Leto or Latona. 
\vm)pos, a, 6v, grievous, painful. 
Xvputos, 17, 6v, lyric. 
iroiTiTqs, 6, poet. 
Qopicvs, QopKvos, 6, Phorcys, a 

fabulous personage. 

Vocabulary 16. 

'Aarvdyijs, 'Aarvdyovs, 6, A sty- 
ages, the last king of Media. 

Siida-KoXos, 6, teacher. 

ticyoi'or, 6, descendant. 

'HpaieKrjs, 'Hpakkiovs, 6, the god 
Heracles or Hercules. 

AaxtSaipovios, 6, Lacedaemonian, 

Wlavbdvr], fj, Mandane, a Median 
princess, mother of Cyrus. 

M^Sor, 6, Medc ; oi Mrjboi, tha 
Med«s, a people of Asia. 



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162 



VOCABULABIES 17-19. 



Hcpuiktjt , HipucKtovs, S, Pericles, 
an Athenian statesman. 

2o$o/cXijr, 2o^>oieXeour, 6, Sopho- 
cles, a tragic poet. 

Tpayybia, ff, tragedy. 

Vocabulary 17. 

altrxpot, a, 6v, base. 
Sarv, Sartos, to\ city. 
yaXa, ydXaieror, to, milk. 
yivos, yivovs, to, race, kind, de- 
scent 
yjjpas, yripas, to, old-age. 
yam, yovaros, to, knee. 
oopv, ooparos, to, spear. 
tiros, ejrovc, to, word. 
(quia, f\, loss, penalty. 
fiSovrj, fj, pleasure. 

BavpaoTOS, rj, ov, wonderful. 

icd/xijXot, 6, camel. 

Kipas, Kfparos, xipas, to, horn. 

Kcpoos, Ktpdovs, to, gain. 

icKios, ickiovs, to, glory, renown. 

Koa-pos, 6, ornament. 

Kparfip, Kparijpos, 6, bowl. 

pxKpos, a, 6u, small. 

ottXov, ro, weapon, in pi. arms. 

ols, <iror, to, ear. 

irovtjpos, a, an, evil, wicked. 

irpaypa, irpdyparos, to, affair, 
thing, deed. 

oS>pa, o-aparos, to, body. 

■m^or, Ttixovs, to, wall, fortifi- 
cation. 

ripat, TtpSrot, to\ wonder, pro- 
digy. f 

XakeirSg, tj, 6v, troublesome, 
difficult. 

Xapivpos, 6, separation. 

Vocabulary IS. 

'ArXay, "ArXavros, 6, Atlas, a 

fabulous personage. 
Ppaxvt, tia, v, short. 
yXvKvt, eia, i, sweet. 
Be, conj., but. 
tpyov, to, work, deed. 
ivpvs, tia, v, wide, broad. 



tvQ-ifitia, f), piety. 

ffivs, tia, v, sweet, pleasant. 

Oipos, Bipovs, to, summer. 

larpos, 6, physician. 

Uurriov, to, garment. 

to-os, ij, ov, equal. 

"xvos, Ixvovt, to, footstep. 

xoXal, KoKaicos, 6, flatterer. 

Kpias, Kpias, to\ flesh. 

\v7tji, ij, grief, sorrow. 

piXas, aiva, av, black. 

piv, indeed (usually untrans- 
lated). 

vixvs, v4kvos, 6, dead-body, dead 
person. 

vopos, 6, law. 

of w, eta, v, sharp. 

ovpavos, 6, heaven. 

jras, irao~a, irav, all, every. 

rdXay, aiva, av, wretched. 

repair, riptytos, f/, enjoyment 

"X^?; V> , art ; 
rpaxys, tta, v, rough. 
<pi\ocro(pla, ij, philosophy. 
<f>vyn, ij, flight, exile. 
(pan), fj, voice, sound. 
XapUis, ea-a-a, tv, graceful, pea- 
sant 
Xpovos, 6, time. 
X&piov, to, place. 
oris, ariftos, ij, bustard. 
uxptXipos, ij, ov, or os, ov, useful. 

Vooabnlary 19. j 

StSiKos, 17, of, unjust 
affKios, a, ov, wretched. 
aKparrjs, is, intemperate. 
akrjOfjs, is, true. 
ave\tv6epos, a, ov, not-free. 
apo~T)v, tv, male. 
do-e$ris, is, impious. 
ao-6fvi)s, is, weak. 
da^pSXiis, is, safe. 
aruxh'* * r > unfortunate. 
5<t>pa>v, ov, senseless. 
&xapis, 1, ungraceful. 
Slkoios, a, ov, just 
o"i7rt)xvs, v, two-cubits-long. 



"A 



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VOCABULARIES 20-22. 



163 



Hvorvxfc, is, unfortunate. 
IkeiBepos, a, ov, free. 
tvytvj\s, is, well-born. 
tvoalpav, ov, fortunate, happy. 
cvo-f/Sijr, is, pious. 
ttrvx'is, is, fortunate. 
tvyapis, t, graceful. 
Zc vs, Atos, 6, the god Zeus. 
Karcupvyfi, ij, refuge. 
Kokaarrjs, 6, chastiser. 
jiavns, fidvrfas, 6, prophet, seer. 
peyakrryopLa, ij, boastfulness. 
fuyaknyopos, ov, boastful. 
vios, a, ov, young, new. 
oikos, 6, house. 

traifif la, fj, instruction, education. 
vutnrf), fi, silence. 
orvkos, 6, pillar. 
craxppav, ov, prudent. 
Tot-fvpa, To£fipaTOS, To, bow. 
vjrip<ppav, ov, proud. 
ifrcvSrjs, is, false. 

Vocabulary 90. 

ayvas, coror, unknown. 

iiras, ao-a, av, all. 

&pnat;, ayos, rapacious. 

kowos, rj, ov, common. 

irivrjs, tyros, poor. 

Ekarav, Ttkaruvos, 6, Plato, a 

Greek philosopher. 
^tOoyyos, 6, voice, tune. 
<pt\6aro<pos, 6, philosopher. 

> Voeabtdary 21. 

Ala/cos, ov, S, Aeacus, the judge 

of the dead. 
*Ai8i;r, 'Aidov, S, Hades, the 

place of the dead. 
SKs, d\6s, i), sea. 
'Apa(d>v, 'Apa£6vos, ij, Amazon, 

one of a race of warlike women. 
dvHpelos, a, ov, brave. 
avrjp, avUpos, 6, man. 
amcrros, ov, faithless. 
*Apt]s, "Apeos, 6, the god Ares. 
'Appovla, ij, Harmonia, a Greek 

heroine. 

8 



'AtfrpohlTT), ij, the goddess Aphro- 
dite. 

yvvfj, yvvaiicos, ti, woman, wife. 

tiK&v, eluovos, 7, image. 

6pli, Tpi\os, n, hair. 

Urros, d, loom. • 

Kd8pos, 6, Cadmus, a Greek 
hero. 

Kdo-rwp, Kdoropos, 6, the god 
Castor. 

(tfydf, i), ov, empty (with gen.). 

ulan), ij, chest. 

kK(Is, k\h&6s, fj, key. 

Kvav, kvv6s, 6 and fj, dog. 

Mata, ij, the goddess Maia. 

paprvpla, ij, evidence. 

paprvs, pAprvpos, 6, witness. 

vavs, kw, fj, ship. 

oKlyos, rt, ov, few, (of time) short. 

IToXvoV vKtjs, IIoXvocvKovr, d, the 
god Pollux. 

iroTipds, ti, ov, drinkable. 

a-tyfj, fj, silence. 

o-aTTjp, o-cirijpos, 6, preserver. 

SSop, vSaros, t6, water. 

Xtlp, x«pof or x*P<fc> V> hand. 

■bvxpos, a, 6v, cold. 

a(f>i\eia, ij, service. 

Vocabulary 22. 

Alyoirros, i}, the country of 

Egypt. 
atpOavla, ij, abundance. 
ttios, tdovs, to\ (pi.) character. 
eXaiov, t6, oil. 
8aKao-o\Tr)a,ii, sea. 
Ix^is, IxOvos, 6, fish. 
Kpoto-os, 6, Croesus, a Lydian 

king. 
Av&la, 17, the country of Lydia. 
piyas, akt), a, great. 
ir\rjpi]s, es, full (with gen.). 
jrXoCro?, 6, wealth. 
iroXis, iroWij, irokv, many, much. 
irorapos, 6, river. 
irpaos or irpais, eia, ov or i, 

mild, gentle, tame. 
rrpoaobos, ij, revenue. 



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164 



VOOABULABIES 23-26. 



arvtor, t6, fig. 
tvxv, v> fortune. 
(jxSfios, 6, fear. 

Vocabulary 28. 

'AStpxuot, 6, Athenian. 

Atrri}, r), Aetna, a burning moun- 
tain in Sicily. 
'ApioTetdrjs, 'Apiartidovs, i, Aris- 
tidcs, an Athenian. 

drvvia, 17, misfortune. 

ftaBvs, tia, v, deep. 

fiapit, tla, v, heavy. 

fiimos, a, oc, violent. 

ytpcuot, a, or, old, elderly. 

ouura, f), mode of life. 

dovXor , o, slave. 

iyKp&rl)s, is, moderate. 

«6Vor, tfivovs, r6, nation. 

tpptoptvos, ij, or, strong. 

evrvxia, ij, good fortune. 

if (after comparative), than. 

fad, t), goddess. 

*Ir*or, 6, Indian. 

KaXXtar.o, Callias, an Athenian. 

icXcim/j, n, thievish. 

Kopai, KopaKot, 6, raven. 

Uptrias, 6, Critias, an Athenian. 

Krmns, (crJ)<r«o»?, f), possession. 

KvicXu^r, KvicXwirosr, o, Cyclops, 
a fabulous monster. 

AajKOai/irictor, 6, Lacedaemonian. 

XoXot, ov, loquacious. 

fuirortjs,iitor6rr[ro!,Ti, moderation. 

raXcum, a, or, old, ancient. 

vapa*\t)0~ios a, ov, similar. 

irXovo-ioc, a, of, rich. 

nT«Xor, 4> o», ,P<?> r > beggarly- 

2jra/mar«os, q, oV, Spartan. 

SwKpdnjt, Soxparovr, (ace 2a>- 
c/>dn; or -njr), o, Socrates. 

XeXi&wr, x<Xi8oro. , 17, swallow. 

Vocabulary 24. 
jSouXij, 9, advice, counsel, coun- 
cil. 
*x6p6i, a, or, hostile, hateful, 
f&or, to, animal. 



?j3lh i TOUtb. 

Sarrnav (or 6Wo*0r), ov, swifter ; 

comp. of ra\vt- 
Xooroc, i}, or, Other. 
oibtis, oiitpia, oificV, no one, 

nothing. 
0(^11, o<pto>t, & and ij, serpent. 

Vocabulary 86. 

aXyurrot, ij, or, most (or very) 
painful ; irreg. superl. of <JXt 
yttvos. 

avap\ia, q, anarchy. 

SovKtia, n, slavery. 

eXarr(o-oy«»r, ov, less; irreg. 
comp. of oXiyor. 

eptpvrot, ov, implanted. 

iJXtos-, o, sua. 

Kptirrav, or, better ; irreg. comp. 
of oya^or. 

ict^/ui, mj/iaroi, rds possession. 

/Kifar, or, greater; irreg. comp. 
of fuyas. 

irXrcW, or, more ; irreg. comp. 
of iroXur. 

irXeoref m, ij, covetousness, ava- 
rice. 

(ra^pixrwi), ij, prudence. 

Vocabulary 26. 

'AXn/SuioV, o, Alcibiades, an 
Athenian general and states- 
man. 

aratoVia, ij, sbamelessness. 

3purro*,i, or, best ; irreg. saperL 
of oyaflor. 

bivafus, Swapfvs, j, power. 

iapijfui, oWp^/urroc, to, gift. 

tyicpaTtia, ij, self-control. 

trior*, adv., sometimes. 

«VdXdV , 9, or, good. 

Kotpdt, o, opportunity. 

Kparurrot, ij, or, best ; irreg. 
superl. of oyaoVk'. 

6/ioroia, ij, harmony. 

wXelarof, ij, or, most; irreg. 
superl. of raXix. 



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VOCABULABIES 27, 28. 



165 



<ra<$})s, (s, plain, sure. 
vjS/jKjror, ij, ov, violent, insolent. 
(poviKos, ij, ov, bloody. 

Vocabulary 27. 

apidjios, 6, number, extent. 

appa, apparos, to, chariot. 

'ApxtSr/pos, 6, Archedemus, an 
Athenian. 

firfpa, ftijpaTos, to, a pace. 

Aavaos, 6, Danaus, a Greek bero. 

dixa, indecl., ten. 

btvrtpos, a, ov, second. 

StaxoViot, at, a, two hundred. 

eft&opos, t), ov, seventh. 

€tKoai(v), iudecl., twenty. 

(h, pia, ev, one. 

fKarov, indecl., a hundred. 

tKTos, t), ov, sixth. 

iwoKurxikioi, at, a, nine thou- 
sand. 

e&ucto-xtXtot, at, a, six thousand. 

((aKoatot, at, a, six hundred. 

«rra, indecl., seven. 

tWaKio-^iXiot, at, a, seven thou- 
sand. 

ewraKoaioi, at, a, seven hundred. 

Evfioia, i), the island Euboea. 

tZpos, (iSpovs, to, breadth. 

Ei<ppaTT)s, 6, the river Euphrates. 

ij, or. 

Bvrfroi, ij, 6v, mortal. 

UrTTtvs, imrtws, 6, horseman, 
knight. 

KtXtxta, ij, Cilicia, a country of 
Asia Minor. 

Kpi)rt), if, Crete, an island in the 
Mediterranean. 

Kplrmv, KptTovos, 6, Crito, an 
Athenian. 

Kwrflor, i), Cyprus, an island on 
the coast of Asia Minor. 

Kipvos, if, Cymus, an island in 
the Mediterranean (now Cor- 
sica). 

A«'o-j3or, i\, Lesbos, an island on 
the coast of Asia Minor. 

pirpov, to, measure, moderation. 



pia, see tis. 

pvptoi, at, a, ten thousand. 
666s, ii, way, journey. 
dxraicio-xiXtot, at, a, eight thou- 



6ir\tn)s, 6, heavy-armed-man. 

irapao-dyyr)s, 6, parasang, about a 
league. 

irtptrros, ij, ov, fifth. 

trcvraiacrxikioi, at, a, five thou- 
sand. 

wivrt, indecl., five. 

wtvrijKovra, indecl., fifty. 

Iltpo-iKos, i/, 6v, Persian. 

n\i6pov, to, pletbrum = 100 
feet. 

irois, wo66s, 6, foot. 

SapSa, Sap6ovs, ij, the island 
Sardinia. 

2dpos, 6, Sarus, a river of 
Cilicia. 

SepJXrj, ij, Semele, a Greek hero- 
ine. 

StKfXia, %, the island Sicily. 

SoXuv, SoKwvos, 6, an Athenian 
sage. 

ariSiov, to, stadium, about a 
furlong. 

oratipos, 6, stage. 

orpdrevpa, orpartipaTos, ri, 
army. 

rd£tf, rd£««or, r/, rank. 

Ttrapros, r), ov, fourth. 

TtTpcuuo-x^ioi, at, a, four thou- 
sand. 

TtTpaKoo-ioi, at, a, four hundred. 

TeTr(o-o~)apts, a, four. 

Tpt'is, rpia, three. 

TpiaKovra, indecl., thirty. 

rpurpvpun, at, a, thirty thousand. 

rplros, jj, ov, third. 

(pvXrj, ij, tribe. 

XtXtot, at, a, thousand. 

Vocabulary 28. 

aKkijkoiv, aiv, oiv, of or to one- 

another. 
iavrov, rjs, ov, of himself. 



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1GG 



VOCABULARIES 29-34. 



tya, tfiov, I. 
TififU, ^pMV, P^ ?^ 'V*- 
rjptpog, a, ov, mild.^ 
va>, v$v, dual of iya. 
ovTt, adv., neither, nor. 
wokiiuot, 6, enemy, hostile. 
ov, vov, thou. 
fT0<0, a<pwv, dual of ov. 
vfitls, vpav, pi. of ov. 
<£tXoi, ij, ov, dear, agreeable, 
fond-of. 

Vocabulary 29. 

tfios, t), ov, my, mine. 
t)piTfpos, a, ov, our. 
ptdripav, ov, idle. 
o-6s, o-ij, aov, thy, thine. 
(j7rov8ator, a, on, diligent. 
vficrtpos, a, ov, your, yours. 

Vocabulary 30. 
yvofu], ij, opinion, judgment. 
tKfivos, rj, o, that. 
58*, tjit, too*, this, 
owror, avnj, tovto, this. 

Vocabulary 31. 

^ alros, fj, 6, self. 

flltipa, f/, the day. 
. fiifv, pi)v6s, 6, month. 

6 airos, q avnj, to ovto, the same. 

orptmjyds, 6, general. 

ravrd, lor ra avra, from 6 avros. 

rpoiros, o, manner (see Voc. 4). 

Vocabulary 32. 

tS$o£or, ov, obscure. 

alnypa, alvlyitaros, to, enigma. 

'Apytior, a, ov, Argive, belong- 
ing to the Greek city of Argos. 

SiVovr, ovv, two-footed. 

*Epv£, 'Eovkos, tj, Eryx, a city 
in Sicily. 

'Epos.'Epurot, 6, Eros, the gnd 
of love. 

f«j8«'r, tpia, iy, no-one, used 
with imperative, &c. 

oApior, a, ov, happy. 



ooTtr, qm, o n, whosoever, 

whatsoever. 
otov, for ovrivot, tfoTivos, gen. of 

OCTTif. 

ouo-t'a, ij, property. 

irtpurrtpa, r), dove. 

Hepo-fus, Hepoiat, 6, Perseus, a 

Greek hero. 
jrXijoV, jtXijoW, to, multitude. 
•tyiyk, 2<piyydf, ij, Sphinx, a 

fabulous monster. 
Ttrpairovi, ovv, four-footed. 
tU, t'i, who? what? some one, 

something. 
rpiirovs, ovv, three-footed. 

Vocabulary 33. 

PpoTos, 6, mortal. 

ypalptvs, ypcapeas, 6, painter. 

Aiovwrios, 6, Dionysius, a Greek 

painter. 
bvo, Svoiv, two. 
iKevOtpia, 17, freedom. 
tratpor, 6, companion. 
rrt,adv., still. 
titpytoia, ij, well-doing. 
Sav6imros, 6, Xanthippus, an 

Athenian, 
opotor, a, ov, like, with dat 
ovjrort, adv., never. 
iraiSiov, to, little-child. 
UapaKos, 6, Paralns, an Athenian. 
UoXvyvioTos, 6, Polygnotus, a 

Greek painter. 
fciAwnros-, 0, Philip, king of 

Macedon. 

Vocabulary 84. 

dBavaros, ov, immortal. 

dAAd, conj., but. 

ycX«os, yfkoTos, o, laughter; ace 

yeXowa and ylkav. 
yKacro-a, q, tongue. 
hio-poipos, ov, unfortunate. 
(vripot, ov, honourable. 
(jraivos, 6, praise. 
KaKTfyopos, 6, slanderer. 
Kotoavot, 6, ruler. 



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V0CABTJLAKIE8 35, 36. 



167 



pSXKov, adv., rather; comp. of 
fiaXa, sup. paKurra. 

pdvov, adv., only. 

iroXvKotpavii), poet, for iroXvuoi- 
pavla, 17, multitude-of-mlers. 

arvyypcKpivs, crvyypatpiais, 6, his- 
torian. 

toiovtos, avrr), ovro, such. 

fpiXimovos, ov, laborious. 

Vocabulary 35. 

3ya, fa>, I had, draw. 

cmtpvKO), £<o, I keep off. 

dirodvr)(rica>, Bavovpai, I die. 

airoTpiira, its>, I avert. 

ano<pevya, £o/uu or t-ovpat, I flee 
away, escape. 

8ia/3d\Xco, (3aX5, I calumniate. 

fljii, f<ropai, I am. 

imiSov\cva>, (Tea, I plot-against, 
with dat. of pers. 

exOaipa, apS>, I hate. 

tX">t «£<» °r vxV< Tm > I have. 
(See p. 138.) 

6dirra>, i^», eracpov, I bury. 

6iiTj(TKa>, Qavovpat, I die. 

(7nrcva>, o-a>, I ride. 

Kai&>, Kav<ra>, I bum (trans.). 

KtXevo), tro, I order. 

kXvu, I hear, with gen. of pers. 

Xapflava, X^o/mu, I take, ob- 
tain. 

Xe'yo), £m, I say. 

pavOdva, padrjtropm, I learn. 

vopl£a>, <V<u, tw, [ think, reckon. 

^wdfr/rrKca, Bavovpai, I dic-witl). 

7rX^<rtafo), <r<», I approach. 

irparra, £«», I do, I fare. 

0Ta<rtd£a>, o~a>, I am-at-variance. 

Tapix*^*), (t<b, I embalm. 

rpi<pa, 6ptym, I rear. 

<pipa, oto-<», I bring, bear. 

(pfvyco, £opai or £ovpcu, I flee. 

fypovrifa, aw, 1 care-for, with 
gen. 

cpuXdrra, |u, I guard, beware of. 

X<*Lp<t>: x ai P'l' Ta t I rejoice. 



Arywn-ior, 6, Egyptian. 
aporpoy, to, plough. 
ftdpftapos, 6, barbarian. 
yao-rrjp, yaarepos, 7, belly. 
fifiXta, n, cowardice. 
fifiKiif, 17, df, terrible, to 8f iv6v, 

the danger. 
«r or is, prep, with ace., to. 
tS, adv., well, rightly. 
ec/itoroicXiJr, BtpioToicktovs, 6, 

Themistocles, an Athenian 

general. 
tva, conj., that, in order that. 
KaKia, f), cowardice, vice. 
icakas, adv., well. 
Kpqr, Kpt/ros, I, Cretan. 
XtMCOf, 6, wolf. 
vcKpos, 6, dead, 
ore, conj., when. 
irtpi, prep, with gen., for. 
noiprjv, (vot, 6, shepherd. 
jtoVf, interr. adv., when, 
wore, adv. indef., at some time 

or other, once upon a time. 
irpoflaTov, to, sheep. 
Tvpoptjdla, ij, forethought. 
irpovoia, t\, providence. 
irpes, prep, with ace., to. 
'Papaios, a, ov, Roman. 
o-fkr/vt), ij, moon. 
avppaxps, 6, ally. 
tckvov, t6, child. 
Tto~o-a<pipvr)9, Tio-o-a(j)4pyovs, 6, 

Tissaphernes, a Persian. 
as, conj., that. 

Vocabulary 36. 

mova, o-opat, I hear, with gen. 
dXyiva, vvut, I pain (trans.). 
dn-aXXdo-o-o), £<■>, I deliver, free 

from (with gen. of thing from 

which). 
awoKTCiva, tva, I kill. 
diroXva), o-a, I deliver, free from. 
fikdirro, ^ra>, I injure. 
ypd<pa>, tya>, I write. 
kiaicpivo), tvS>, I distinguish. 
oWfa, am, I judge. 



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168 



VOOABULABIES 36, 37. 



fVayycXXo, t\S>, I report. 
itraipa, apa, I raise, elate. 
titppaiva, ava, 1 make rejoice, 

gladden. 
Karakva, o-a, I destroy ; put an 

end to (a war), sec Ex. 6b'; 

overthrow. 
xXcirra, ^<a, I steal. 
Kojiifa, ara>, I carry. 
Kpxmra, i/cw, 1 conceal, with 

double ace. 
Krtiixa, ktcvG), I kill. 
pJKXa, rjcra, I am about (to do). 
fujvia, o-a, 1 arn-angry-with, 

with dat. of pers. 
irapi^a, £&>, I grant. 
ircfma, \\ru>, I send. 
irurrtia, o-a, I trust, with dat. 
o-ircipa, cnrepS), I sow, scatter. 
o-v\\apj3dva, Xi^o/mi, I seize, 

help. 
vrropiva, tvS>, I submit-to. 
<f>pd£a>, <ra>, I tell. 
(pvTiva, trio, I plant. 



ayycXor, 6, messenger. 
ayopd, t), market-place. 
ap,<pa, otv, both. 

&, conditional particle: on its 
use in conditional propositions, 
see Syntax, p. 154. 

'Apra$(p$rit, ov, 6, Artaxerxes, a 
Persian king. 

avfacri?, aii£r)<reas, ij, increase. 

ns, 6, field, 
/xa, bpdparos, to, drama. 

bvorvxlo, t), misfortune. 

iiti>v, ovo-a, 6v, willing, willingly. 

epavrov, rjs, ov, of myself. 

ev, prep, with dat., in. 

p.vdos, 6, account. 

crt, conj., that. 

irarpmos, a, ov, paternal. 

llXarauu, w, Plataeae, a city of 
Greece. 

irplv, adv., before. 

Uponr)6iii, Upopjidfos, 6, Pro- 
metheus, a Greek hero. 



irvp, irvpos, to, fire. 
o-rpariA, f), army, armament. 
orpanaTTjs, ov, 6, soldier. 
XaXfiror, adv., with-difBculty. 
ibtvoTtjs, 6, liar. 
or, adv., as, how; conj., that. 

Vocabulary 87. 

dyytKKa, t\&, I announce. 

diroortWa, cXS, I send. 

8iao-e>C<a, o-a, I keep safe. 

tvtia, o-a, I put on. 

OavpdCa, o-opai, I admire. 

66a, o-a, 1 sacrifice. 

KaXinrra, ^a>, I conceal. 

Karabuva, 1 sink, set. 

KaraaKtvafa, o-a, I prepare, fur- 
nish. 

Kvpicva, o-a, I become master of, 
with gen. 

irubeia, o-a, I bring-up, teach. 

npo(priT(ia, aa, I prophesy. 

o-a{a, o-a, I save. 

rapdo-o-a, £«>, I throw into con- 
fusion. 

rao-o-a, £a, I arrange, post. 

T(ixl£a, iS>, I fortify. 

rxmra, ^a, I strike. 

inrordo-o-a, g a, I subordinate. 

(povtia, o-a, I murder, slay. 

ipia, o-a, I produce. Perf. (in- 
trans.) ire(pvKa,tau\ 2 aor. ?(pvv 
(of: en used as pres.), I am; 
viot ir«pvKas, being (i.e. while) 
young. 



'Ayijo-iXaor, 6, Agesikus, a Spar- 
tan king. 

'AXegavo'pos, 6, Alexander the 
Great, king of Macedon. 

yvvaiKctot, a, ov, of-a-woman. 

Aaida\os, 6, Daedalus, a fabu- 
lous personage. 

BapttKos, 6, daric, a Persian coin. 

eyKafuov, to, panegyric. 

'EXXdt, 'EXAd6or x ij, Hellas, or 
Greece. 



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VOCABULABIES 38-40. 



169 



Art, prep, with dat., for; with 

ace., against, for. 
tmpfk&s, adv., carefully. 
<»rt(n-oXij, 9, letter. 
SipparrvKcu, a«, Thermopylae, a 

pass in Greece. 
Xapipivdos, 6, labyrinth. 
(tdXurra, adv., most, especially, 

most of all ; superl. of iiaiXa. 
UqSeia, 9, Medea, a Greek 

heroine. 
pikij, f), victory. 
3evo(pS>v, Bfvo<bS>jrros, 6, Xeno- 

phon, a Greet historian, &c. 
"Opijpot, 6, the poet Homer. 
uvofia, ovoparos, to', name. 
ovos, 6, ass. 
TroXXdmr, adv., often. 
SapSayairaKoc, 6, Sardanapalus, 

an Assyrian king. 
oTo\i), q, dress. 

rpurxlktoi, at, a, three thousand. 
&cpeKv8t]s, QtpfKv8ov?, o, Phero- 

cydes, a Greek philosopher; 
xpriiui, xPW aTOi i T °» possessions, 

money (in pi.). 

Vocabulary 88. 

aVoj9dXX«>, fSa\a>, I lose. 
cto-/3aXA«, /3aXw, I invade. 
*K(peiya>, £opcu or £ov/xai, I flee- 

out-of. 
KaraXttVo), if'to, I leave behind, 

bequeath, alandon. 
KaroiKia, rj<ru>, I inhabit, dwell-in. 



"Arrt/aj, 7, the land of Attica. 
iK, ff (bef. vowel), prep, with 

gen., out of, from. 
epyov tori, it is hard work. 
Ktvrpov, to, sting. 
Av&oi, oi, the inhabitants of 

Lydia, in Asia Minor. 
fidxi> V> battle. 
fieXirra, ij, bee. 
okiffpos, 6, destruction. 
Hikimovmfo-ot, 1), the peninsula 

of Peloponnesus. 



irpoyovos, 6, ancestor. 
Sjraprtan;r, o, Spartan. 
arparos, 6, army. 

Vocabulary 39. 

KaTctfptvya, $opiu or £ovpai, I 

flee lor refuge. 
irelda, <ro>, rrfiroida, I persuade ; 

in Mid. and 2 perf., I obey, 

trust, with dat 
7rXq<r<r<B, £», I strike. 



xaxur, adv., ill. 

ovv, prep, (with dat.), with. 

Vocabulary 40. 

fiovKtia, o-o>, I deliberate (Act. 

& Mid.). 
(3ovkop.cu, r)<rouai, I wish. 
yiyvopm, yevrjo-opm, I become, 

am. 
ytyvao-Rto, yvaxropat, I know. 
StaXcyu/xat, $opai, I converse. 
duuKu, £a>, 1 pursue. 
tiropai, fyopai, I follow, with 

dat. 
c<piiropai, fyopxu, I follow, with 

riat. 
Jopwu, o-o>, I set up (an altar, &c). 
KiSapifa, o-a>, I play-on-the-lyre. 
ovopA^a, era, I name. 
irpoudixopat, (ouai, I expect. 
orparivci), era, I march. 
cvp@ov\(ia>, (Too, 1 advise. 



ayaX/ia, ayaXjuarof, rd, imago. 

aXxt/iot, 1/, oj», brave. 

oXturot, ok, without-grief. 

dird, prep, with gen., from. 

a<r<paK<ot, adv., safely. 

airoxOav, avrox&ovos, 6, indi- 
genous. 

Ttpfivios, 6, Gerenian, a people 
in Messenia. 

81a, prep, with ace, on account- 
of; with gen., through, by 
means of, with. 

inot, at, a, some. 



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170 



VOCABULABY 41. 



'Eptx^tiiai, oi, descendants of 
Erechtheus. 

'Eptx^'vs, 'EpcxOtats, 6, Erech- 
theus, an Athenian king. 

'Epivit, 'Epivios, 17, Eriny s ; 'Epi- 
vitt, the Furies. 

KXirraipyrjarpa, ij, Clytaem- 
nestra, a Greek heroine. 

fidSrjpa, fia&fifiaToSrrd, learning. 

perd, prep, with gen., with. 

MiXriditis, 6, Mil tiades, an Athe- 
nian general. 

Mmrjpoavvri, if, Memory. 

Nterrup, Ne'oropor, o, Nestor, a 
Greek hero. 

°PVI>V> anger. 

'Opfanjr, 6, Orestes, an Argive 
hero. 

Spvtov, to, bird. 

'Opcpcvs, 'Op<p4<os, 6, Orpheus, a 
Greek fabulous personage. 

irapd, prep, with gen., from, by ; 
■with dat., with, among ; with 
ace, to. 

irtvia, 17, poverty. 

iriKpdf, d, ov, bitter, sorrowful. 

ovpfiovkia, rj, counsel, advice. 

aarnp, trcorrjpos, 6, saviour. 

ra\v, adv., quickly. 

TtYvfnji, 6, artisan. 

vno, prep, with gen., by. 

<pavas, 6, murder. 

Vocabulary 41. 

itaoTTtipa, (nrtpS), I spread. 
DuKpcpa, dioio-a, I differ. 
fKuxdaipa, apS>, I burnish. 
tKKakinrra, ■fya, I uncover. 
eirirpcira, ifra, I assign, entrust, 
cpydfopm, troiuu, I do. 
Kakfa, (o~o, I call. 
KaraxXct'o, <ro>, I shut up. 
KaracrKdnrcD, yfta, I raze-to-the- 

ground. 
xarouctfo, <ra>, I colonize. 
*Ae 10), <ra>, I shut. 
xpiva, KpXva, I judge. 
Krifa, era, I found. 



Xu«», <r«», I loose, abolish, vio- 
late (a treaty). 

ireptypdtpa, -^ra, I define. 

tt\('kw, fa, 1 wreathe, plait. 
■npoordaaa, £a, I assign, order. 
TfX«vrd<», ^<r«, I bring to an end 

(i.e. /9ioj>), I die. 
<pipa, p<ra>, I mix, defile. 



aipu, aiparoc, to, blood. 

iucpa, fj, citadel. 

av0pawivot, t), ov, of-maD, 
human. 

maibexrrot, ov, lininstmcted. 

'Aorcriptos, a, ov, Assyrian. 

Stoktos, ov, unarranged. 

/Sao-tXruz, tj, kingdom, royal au- 
thority. 

YpiWos, 6, Gryllus, an Athe- 
nian. 

8>jpo?, 6, people. 

AwSiapos, 6, Diodorus,an Athe- 
nian. 

Stxdpvdos, ov, double-speaking. 

€Kaoros, t), ov, each. 

'EpfTpta, ij, Eretria, a town in 
Euboea. 

trot, crovt, to, year. 

Oipa, ij, door, gate. 

KVTjpis, KvtjpiSos, 17, greave. 

Xjorijr, 6, robber. 

At^uij, fi, Libya, a country of 
Africa. 

MaKt Sovta, t\, the land of Mace- 
donia. 

pr/KtoTot, 17, o», longest; irre- 
gular superl. of paxpos. 

N«W, 6, Ninus, an ancient As- 
syrian king. 

NiW, 17, Nineveh, in Assyria. 

irt'rvy, TTirvoy, 17, pine. 

irpo, prep, with gen., before. 

Trp&Tor, 17, ov, first. 

Sn-dprij, 17, the city of Sparta. 

o-vv6i)Ki), f), treaty. 

Tvpot, r\, the city of Tyre. 

X*lp<*v,ov, worse; irregular com- 
parative of kokos . 



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YOCABULABIES 42-45. 



171 



Vocabulary 42. 

avdya, |o>, I bring up. 

a<pavL{a>, fcrco, I make to dis- 
appear. 

irncptpa, ciroiVo), I bring-on. 

d<i>paivto, avS>, I make-rejoice, 
gladden. 

6eXa, faw, I wish, am willing. 

Karairf p.wa, ^a>, I send down. 

Kara(p\tya, £», I bum down. 

6/uKta, ij<ra, 1 associate. 

SyyeKfia, ayyiKfUiTos, r<5, mes- 
sage. 

aimiaros, ov, impossible. 

ati, adv., always, for ever. 

<Wffl>4> role. 

drjuoKpana, i), democracy. 

Aioif, AiWor, 6, Dion, a Syra- 
cusan. 

«i6V, adv., expressive of a wish, 
that! would thatl Lat. 
vtinam. 

"EicT<op, "Enropos, 6, Hector, a 
Trojan warrior. 

Koptvdos, i), Corinth, a city of 
Greece. 

vvv, adv., now. 

Hava-avlas, 6, Pauaanias, a Lace- 
daemonian king. 

n-oAe/jos, 6, war. 

(rarpamjs, 6, satrap. 

rvpavvos, 6, tyrant. 

vjrc'p, prep, with gen., in be- 
half of. t 

(pas, (pwTos, t6, light. 

XaXw'r, XaX<c«8or, ij, Chalcis, a 
city of Euboea. 

Vocabulary 43. 

&pird{ o), era and <ropai, I carry off. 
KaraKonra, yjra, 1 destroy. 
paivopcu, pavfoofuu and fiavov- 

fuu, I am mad. 
ofyafa, £», I kill. 
riv<», Tttra, I pay. 
rpiirw, rptya, I turn, put to 

flight. 



(pdtipa, <p6fpa, I destroy. 

'ASoiftr, 'A8<ai>(Sor, 6, Adonis, a 

beautiful youth. 
Alas, AWror, 6, Ajax, a Greek 

hero. 
TaKdrr)S, 6, a Gaul. 
KoXAor, xaXXovr, to, beauty. 
kapnos, 6, fruit. 
KaTaw7, ij, the city of Catana in 

Sicily. 
McuccSoiuKor, tj, ok, Macedonian. 
MfjSor, 6, a Mede. 
pjeXd;, <S, marrow. 
Nvp<pT], f), nymph. 
IlroXcpaiof, 6, Ptolemaeus, a 

Macedonian king. 
2rr)<rixopos, 6, Stesichorus, an 

ancient Greek poet. 
"Y\as, 6, Hylas, a beautiful 

youth. 

Vocabulary 44. 

avaypacpa, tya, I record. 
drroKivBwtva, <ja, I risk. 
a"px<», £*>> I role, with gen. 
8m, must, ought (impers., with 

ace.). 
xXatu, ickavtTofiai and ov/uu, I 

weep, 
iroica, qo-a>, I da 



j3Xaj3epdr , a, ov, hurtfuL 
oq, adv., indeed. 
tvepyirris, 6, benefactor. 
(ULTt)v, adv., in vain. 
irparfivrtpos, 6, elder; compar. 

of npio-fivs, fas, 6, an old 

man ; an ambassador. 

Vocabulary 45. 

dpvvopat, dp,vvov[iai, I repel. 
airoKpvmra, ^fra, I conceal. 
bi\opat, bi^opm, I receive. 
orpiva, orpvva, I urge. 
iro\(plCa (t£o>, Doric), I go-to- 
war. 
nopdofiai, (Topnu, I travel. 



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172 



V00AB0LAB1ES 46-48. 



trrrdiai, cra>, I hasten. 
trtpdWa, (T(f>aXS>, I ruin. 
(ptiiapat, o-opat, I spare, with 
gen. 

avipiiot, adv., bravely. 

yt, enclitic particle, at least, at 
any rate. Makes ry£ em- 
phatic. 

antrrfpla, ij, safety. 

Vocabulary 46. 

cHpa>, dpa, I raiso. 

avanaiia, tra, I make to rest, 

stop ; Mid., I rest. 
anoKpivopai, Kpivovpxti, I answer, 

with dat. 
ytiw, o-», I make to taste ; 

ytvofuu, I taste, with gen. 
Ikavipa, v(pi>, I distribute. 

tpa>rda>, rjtrw, I ask. 
KaraoTptya, ^o>, I subdue. 
fUprpopai, y^opai, I blame. 

'AOijvai, 5>v, at, Athens, the city. 

'Atria, t), the country of Asia 
Minor. 

Aapetos, 6, Darius, a Persian 
king. 

Elpanrr], if, Europe, the conti- 
nent. 

K6<rpns, o, world. 

KpoTamaTtft, 6, of Croton, a 
Greek city in Italy. 

pttros, tj, op, middle. 

MiXav, Mi'Xwfor, 6, Milon or 
Milo, an athlete. 

'OXvpma, 17, Olympia, a town in 

UXovrav, UXovthvos, the god 

Pluto. 
IloaeiSav, Uoaetiavos, 6, the god 

Poseidon, or Neptuue. 
ravpos, 6, bull. 
Tip!), if, honour. 

Vocabulary 47. 
tlaaya, £o>, I introduce. 
tKTpiira, ifra, I turn out. 



tXavva, i\d(ra or A£, I drive. 

KarafidWo), /SaXw, aor. 2 cfiaXov, 
I cast down. KarafiaKKopat, 
Mid., I found (a sect). 

Kara<pevya>, (ofiai or goiifuu, I 
flee-for-refuge. 

napmvia, itra, I advise. 

mpifidWa, fia\£>, I surround. 



'Apitrriinros, 6, Aristippus, a 

Ureck philosopher. 
«, conj., if. 
KvpTfpeuKos, if, 6v, of Cyrene, a 

city in Africa. 
\7)crr(ia, if, piracy. 
irakat., adv., formerly. 
wot, interr. adv., whither ? 
Sapairt?, Sapaariios, if, Serapis, 

an Egyptian deity. 
Qatdav, iaidovros, 6, Phaeton, 

a son of Apollo. 

Vocabulary 48. 

dyarrda, tfo-ta, I love. 
darpdirrw, yfra, I lighten. 
ftpovraa, tftrio, I thunder. 
epda, ipa<r6!j<rop.<u, I love (with 

gen.). 
viKaa, if<ra>, I conquer. 
uKtxpipojuu, povpai, I pity. 
auimda, ifvoiuu, I am silent. 
(rvyKvKaa, rf<ro, I throw-into- 

confusion. 
To\pda>, ifa-a), I dare. 

aKpr), if, bloom. 

dptivav, ov, better ; irreg. comp. 

of dyaOos, 
ijXiKia, if, age. 
irm, interr. adv., how ? 

Vocabulary 49. 
edeXw, tfcra, I wish. 
ijSopai, rja-8if(Topax, I am pleased. 
Idopat, nopal, I heal. 
lUfXavdopai, rjo-opai, I contrive. 
rreipdopai, daopat, I try. 
ripda, iftra, I honour. 



"\ 



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VOCABULARIES 49-53. 



17a 



Xpdopai, Yp^o-o/im, I use (with 
diit.). 

fujitjiobpofios, 6, courier. 

xmobt]p.a, vwoSrjfiaros, To, shoe. 

Vocabulary 60. 

dOv/iio), t\m>, I am discouraged. 
dpc Xc'», ijcrw, I neglect, with gen. 
drcoppia, ptwrofuu, I flow from. 
darxco, ijir*, 1 practice, exercise. 
Svarvxem, rj<r<t, 1 am-uulbrtu- 

nate. 
Zircuvia, «<ra>, I praise. 
tuTvxtOi fi<ra>, I am fortunate. 
Kparto, rjcra, I conquer, with 

. K en * , 
jroi'e'ia, ijca>, I labour. 

rr pocrioKaa, tj<ra>, I expect. 

auWafifidva), Xrjijrofiai, I help, 

with dat. 
rrXe'w, icra>, I fulfil. 
eppovco, r/tr<B, I think ; <j>povco 

(Uya, I am haughty. 

(itkrmv, ov, better; irreg. comp. 
of dyados. 

ftiKawtrvvr], ij, justice. 

™Xn< V' prayer. 

Gu^ior, 6, passions, spirit, cour- 
age. 

pcXi, pcKiros, to, honey. 

ol8e7Tor€, adv., never at any 
time. 

&<nrcp, adv., as. 

Vocabulary 61. 

d&ucfcv, r)<ra, I injure. 

alftcopcu, icropai, I reverence. 

dXi/dcva, <u<ro>, I speak - the - 
truth. 

djriare'eo, ij<r<B, I disbelieve. 

ieopai, &(r)<ropm, I want, en- 
treat, with gen. 

K.wra<ppovia>, rjira, I despise, 
with gen. 

fUaia, jjcro), I hate. 

iroktopicfo, T\<r<a, I besiege. 



<pi\ta, rj(ra>, I -love. 
(pofieofiai, rjcropjii, I fear. 

dndXvcrt?, dnoKvae as , 17, release. 
Tpoia, {), the city Troy. 

Vocabulary 62. 
dpavpoa, a><ra>, I darken. 
doXde*, axroi, I deceive. 
8ouXo<», d>cra, 1 enslave. 
t\(v9cp6a>, dxrat, I set-free. 
£i;Xda>, (iffo), I strive after, emu- 
late. 
6p66tt>, axra, I raise up. 
TaiT(tv6a>, dura, I humble. 
vifrdo, dxTio, I exalt. 



alxnd\a>Tos, 6, captive. 

evvopla, i), good-government. 

£wrj, f], life. 

Tcnrttvas, rj, dv, humble. 

vfipic, vftpeas, q, violence. 

vTJrrpXos, if, dv, lofty. 

<f>pqv, <f>ptvds, rj, soul, mind. 

Vocabulary 68. 

/SfjSaidoo, dxra>, I confirm. 

yavpdo/iai, dxro^iat, I pride my- 
self, with dat. 

ivavTidofuu, onaopai, I oppose, 
with dat. 

(jipida, axra, I punish. 

dStxcDf, adv., unjustly. 
dX<fl7, 17, strength. 
dvdyiaf, rj, necessity. 
elprjvt], ij, peace. 
cmfpavris, (t, distinguished. 
pi/re, conj., neither; pr/Tt . . 4 

pqre, neither, nor. 
irdBos, ndOovs, to, passion. 
<rdp|, o-apuds, if, flesh. 
xmepfjipavot, ov, haughty. 

Vocabulary 64. 

&Ko\ovdta>, rj<ra>, I follow, with 

dat. 
d£idw, dxra, I deem worthy, with 
gen. of thing. 



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174 



VOCABULARIES 54-57. 



gaapim, i)(r», I adorn. 
Kraofuu, ijavfiai, I obtain, ac- 
quire ; pert wVnjfuu, I possess. 
fi&Xoiuu, cod/uu or ov/uu, I fight. 
i*p*\{*, qow, I benefit 



ytmaim, adv., nobly. 
Xoytor, a, or, talkative. 
AwrarSpor, 6, Lysander, a Lace- 
daemonian general. 
fuucaptos, a, ov, happy. 
otonnjXor, ^, or, silent. 

Toeabulary 85. 

ariamjut, avaarrtam, I set up, 
arouse from sleep ; (Intrans.) 
I rise, rise from bed, wake up. 

a<t>i<mjixi, airoarijija, I make to 
tnrn away, make to revolt ; 
(Mid.) I revolt. 

iotijju, <rn)oa, I make to stand ; 
(Intrans.) I stand. 

KoBlanjja, KaraOTrjo-a, I esta- 
blish, set ; (Intrans.) I am set 
down. 

wapiarriiu, irapatrrrjtra, I make 
to stand by, assist, cause ; 
perf. part, naptarat or napt- 
trnjKas, used as adj., present, 

vdkt/Ua, fan, I go to war, 
make war upon, with dat 

awitmjiu, <nxTTTj<Ta, I make to 
consist, get together; (In- 
trans.) I consist. 

ffnjIUy <prj<ra, I say. 

itams, ij, ov, terrible, keen. 
SiKaarrjt, i, judge. 
8ii^o>8i)s, tt, thirsty. 
Svuaros, ij, ov, powerful. 
'HpaKKftTos, 6, Heraclitos, a 

Greek philosopher. 
l&iimis, 6, private citizen. 
'Iovueor, t), ov, Ionian. 
KopiVW, a, ov, Corinthian. 
Kovfpas, adv., lightly. 
Xipvij, n, lake. 



MiXirror, ij, the city Miletus, la 
Asia Minor. 

Na£u>9, a, ov, of Naxos, an is- 
land in the Aegean Sea. 

irXijv, prep, and adv. (with gen.), 
except 

woKtTfia, ij, commonwealth. 

TdvraXof, 6, Tantalus, a fabu- 
lous personage. 

Tpoxwov, r6, trophy. 

Toeabulary 66. 

av&i<m)fu, avrurnfra, I resist, 

with dat. 
KpaT(*>, t)<t(*, I am-in-power. 
vwt urn, (a, I yield, with dat 

afip, depot, S, air. 

'Axapvac, 'Axapvavos, 6, Acarna- 
nian. 

a£<aXoyof, ov, memorable. 

apyot, ij, 6v, idle. 

"Apttos nayos, 6, Areopagus. 

tfiiroptov, to, emporium, trading- 
place. 

iviauTos, 6, year. 

Kara, prep, with aca, by, ac- 
cording to. 

pJSri, ij, drunkenness. 

Minns, 6, Minos, a king of Crete. 

vavriKos, ij, 6v, navaL 

oktyapxia, ij, oligarchy. 

Ufipaixit, Ufipauat, 6, Peiraeus, 
the port of Athens. 

IleXoirowija-uucoff, ij, or, Pelopon- 
nesian. 

aroi\tiov, to, element. 

Toeabulary 67. 

avaridijux, 8ij(ra, I set up. 

diarifhipt, 6tj<tu>, I manage, ar- 
range, treat. 

boxto, £o>, I seem. 

orm'&j/u, 6t)o-<i>, I impose, with 
dat. of pers. ; (Mid.) I put-on, 
I attack, Ex. 58. 

HfTaridriiu, firjera, I change. 
otKcw, T]a-<o, I dwell, arrange. 



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VOCABULARIES 58-61. 



175 



vepiridtjui, 8fj<T<o, I put around. 
irpoarl6r)jU, 0r)<ra, 1 add. 
vpvrUhliu, 6t]<ra, I put forth, 

expose, set forth. 
Ti^/xt, #n<7-a>, I place, give, enact, 

put, institute, account, make. 

dya>v, aywvog, 6, contest. 

ii)\6v, t6, prize. 

axpoVoXtt, axponoKtas, ij, acro- 
polis. 

dXXorpioy, a, ov, of-others. 

apyaKeos, a, ov, difficult. 

SiXros, f), tablet. 

&a>t), 17, fine. 

I&W, a, ov, own, one's own. 

iipas, BpSrros, 6, sweat. 

Xtaira, 17, lioness. 

Auicovpyor, 6, Lycurgus, a Spar- 
tan lawgiver. 

oiKia, fj, a house. 

irrtpov, to, feather. 

w!>\r), fi, gate. 

paStor, a, ov, easy. 

XoXkoS;, i), ««'i brazen. 

Vocabulary 58. 
avarpttpa, 8pty<o, I bring-up. 

aWidi)/*i, eija-oj, 1 put-away. 

c'ktWij/w, 6V*>> I put out, ex- 
pose. 

KaTariOriiu, 6i\<j<t>, I lay-by, de- 
posit. 

vapo£iva, vva, I exhort 

aig, alyot, 6 and q, goat. 
Sopd, 17, skin. 

t(p6iiov, t6, travelling money. 
K«Xr.'0i;p, KeXrijSijpor, o, Celti- 

berian. 
Kc<f>akfi, 4» nead. 
upavos, Kodvovc, to, helmet. 
Nep,«a, ij, Nemea, a place in 

Greece. 

Vocabulary 69. 

dtafiidufu, lUura, I distribute, 
diouju, da>o-», 1 give, offer. 



irapabi&api, Haxro, I hand Over, 

consign. 
wpeVft, impers., it behoves, it is 

fitting, with dat. of pers. 
npotlidvpi, Saarco, I betray. 
itpao-<pipa, o'urw, I bring to. 

ami, prep, (with gen.), instead 
of. 

j3m, ij, force. 

ypdppa, ypapparoc, to, letter; 
pi., literature. 

ipwtdos, ov, lasting. _ 

IpvtTos, t), ov, creeping. 

tvQvt, adv., immediately. 

jjXiKtamj?, 6, one of the same 
age, a comrade. 

Kapfi<xn)s, 6, Cambyses, a Per- 
sian king. 

Kipav, Klpavos, 6, Cimon, an 
Athenian. 

paKap (gen. panapos), blessed. 

3Xj3or, 6, happiness, wealth. 

*otci|, *oiWor, 6, Phoenician. 

Vocabulary 60. 
airobidopt, Sacra, I restore; in 

the Mid. I sell. 
KinreXKov, to, goblet. 
nfpTOTt, adv., never. 

Vocabulary 61. 
atlSw, ao-opuu, I sing. 
an'i)/u, ijo-a, I urge ; Pass, part., 
slack or unstrung, unrestrained. 
aAitiiu, r\o-a, 1 dismiss, let go. 

c'(ii7/u> V°~°> I eeD ^- fortn - 
i<pitpa.i, ijo-opat, I desire, with 

Kadttjpi, ruro, I let down. 
ptdiript, fa*, I give up, I neg- 
lect. 
■aapitipi, t[<ra, I let pass by. 
nepio-o-fia, <ra>, I am superfluous 

axri'f, oktIvos, fi, beam. 
do«8ds, 6, bard. 
d<£a>njr, «, obscure. 
teovra, rd, necessary things. 



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176 



VOCABULARIES 62-64. 



Xf'pfrit, 6, Xerxes, a Persian 

king. 
itfir/, r), fetter. 
vtputatvovra, rd, superfluity. 
(fxtytpos, a, ov, manifest. 

Vocabulary 68. 

<fSio, ifaofuu, I sing. 
avriTaaaw, £a, I draw up- 

against. 
Sw€iju, I will-go-away. 
ci/M, I will-go. 
tfifiaXKa, /3a\£, I invade. 
irrupt, I will-advance-against, 

with dat. 
<7tc'£<i/u, I will-go-out-to-mcet. 

(r)T(U>, rjtrto, I seek. 
Kdrftfu, I will-go-down, return. 
fiiw, ptvw, I remain. 
wapaiTKivdfa, tra, I make-pre- 
parations, prepare. 
irdpttfu, I will-pass-by, enter. 
rr<pi<ipi, I will-go-round. 
irpoo-etpi, I will-go-to, approach. 

dctXdr, r), ov, cowardly. 

6rifiifrr)p, Atjprrrpot, r), the god- 

dess Demeter. 

SiXOaracria, r), dissension. 

cKcto-f, adv., thither, to yonder 
place. 

?ptr, tpt&os, j), strife ; ace. epiSa 
and tspiv. 

itra or eto-o), adv. and prep, with 
gen., within. 

Avo-iTwot, 6, Lusitanian. 

6V17, adv., whither. 

orai/, conj., when (used with 
subj.). _ 

rraidv, iraiavos, 6, paean. 

nakiv, adv., again. 

Uepa-etftovr), r), the goddess Per- 
sephone, or Proserpine. 

<pvyds, tfivydios, 6, exile. 

Vocabulary 63. 

dvdiaipat, Kfia-ofiat, I am dedi- 
cated. 
Sifiiio, r)<ra, I flourish. 



((■avSpairoSiCa, <r<a, I reduce to 

slavery. 
Ka07]fuu, rja-op^i, I sit, sit down. 
Kftpai, Kelcrofiai, I lie. 

apurrtpos, d, 6v, left-hand. 
Ban-pa, rd, Bactra, a city in 

Bactria (a country in Asia). 
yAav£, y\aVKos, r), owl. 
ptra£6, adv. and prep, (with 

gen.), between. 
'OXvums, 6, Mount Olympus, 

in Greece. 
"Oo-tro, r), the mountain Ossa. 
'PabdpavOos, 6, Rhadamanthus, 

a fabulous personage. 
Tipirr), rd, indecL, the Valley of 

Tempe, in Thessaly. 
'Xftnavia, Hyrcania, a country 

in Asia. 
X&pos, 6, Sjx>t, place. 

Vocabulary 64. 
dvairiprr'Kr)pi, irkfou, I 611. 
tpvniirptjiu, nprjo-a, I burn. 
Kaxoa, ixrtD, I injure. 
Ktxpwt, X9W"> I lend. 
oio/uu, olrjaofiai, I think. 
ovivrjp-i, dvr)o-a>, I benefit ; Mid., 

I have advantage ; dvaipqv, 

may I be happy. 
viroridqpi, 0Tj<ra, I suggest 
Xpfi, irapers., it behoves. 

dXijoVvds, r), ov, true 
dmo-Tia, r), mistrust. 
Uavos, 17, 6v, capable. 
KoXaKtia, r), flattery. 
kwkvtos, 6, wailing. 
vavpa\ia, n, sea-fight. 
irp€o{iiia, 17, embassy. 
SaKapic, Sakaplvos, r), the island 
Salami's. 

Vocabulary 65. 
ayapat, dyaaopai, i admire. 
bvvapai, tvvrjo-opat, I can, am 

able. 
timpivu), vvS>, I defend. 



~\ 



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VOCABULARIES 65-67. 



177 



hr'urrap.m, ornj<rop.m, I know. 
(papai, 1 love, with gen. 
£au>, th<r<o, infin. (ijv, I lire. 
6epairtwa, era, I attend to. 
Kpepapai, Kpepdaopai, I hang 

(intrans.). 
irXovrc'o), i)ow, I am rich. 
irpojr;/Xa(t»f<o, 8ro», I insult. 
vnap\a, £a>, I am. 



3\.<ros, aXo-ovr, t<{, grove. 

ri/iwjTor, o», uninstructcd. 

avbpia, ff, bravery. 

bpvs, tpvAs, if, oak. 

urn-tied?, ij, ok, acquainted-with- 

horses. 
KdXx or > 6, Colchian. 
p.eTa$o\Tj, f/, change. 
XpvaopaKkov, to, golden-fleece. 
yeCoor, ifrtio'ovs, t6, falsehood. 

Vocabulary 60. 

airo&riRWfii, 8«'£g>, I appoint, 
publish as a law, prove. 

8fiKwp.i, 8f/fa>, I show. 

evSeUmpn, 8fi£a, I display-in. 

cVtSetKPVfit, Bci£<o, I exhibit, 
prove. 

virob'eUvvp.i, &£i£a, I point out. 



akr/Bas, adv., truly. 
/9e'/9<uor, a, of, firm. 
Ta>Ppvas, 6, Gobryas, a Persian. 

curoict, n, good-will. 

fv, conditional particle, followed 
by subj. = cdv, if. 

itpinjy, 6, judge. 

d£idvpos, ov, quick-to-anger. 

o-tavrov, ijs, ov, of thyself, thy 
own. 

^n)<pjo-/wi, i//TjoJ>io-/xaror, t<5, de- 
cree. 

Vocabulary 87. 
dpcpievvvpi, afMpu'o-a, dp.<piS>, I 

clothe, put on 
dvoiyvvpi, avoil-a, I open. 



atrdXXvfu, -oX«'o"o», Att. -oX&, I 
destroy ; 2 perf. dirdXcaXa, I 
perish. 

diroo-Kcddvi'v/ii, 07ccoao~a, I scat- 
ter. 

Sicupuvyia, £opxu, I escape. 

^£<i7rard<<>, iyo"«>, I deceive. 

e'£dXXvju, -oX«Va>, Att. -oXfi, I 
utterly destroy. 

('{•opKoa, I make one swear. 

fjrtCfvywiu, f«i5£o>, I yoke on, 
enclose. 

fevyvtyu, fev&a, I yoke, join._ 

Kai ao-fiivvvp.i, 0-/9 ecra>, 1 ex tin 

guish. 
Ktpavwpi, Kcpaam, I mix. 
Kopiwvfu, Kopiaa, I satisfy 

satiate. 
Kpepdvvvpi, Kptpdaa, I hang. 
piywpi, p'£a>, I mix. 

SXXw/ii, -oX<Vo>, Att. -oX5, I de- 
stroy. 

SfivvpA., 6p.ovp.ai, I swear. 

5pwpi, opo-w, I rouse. 

o-fiivvvpi, o-/3eVa>, I extinguish. 

OToptwv/u, aropiaa, o~rop&, and 
arpaivvvpi, arpao-a, I spread 
out, smooth. 

avpeirfiymiu, irt)^a>, I compound. 

\ttp6a, i>aa, I overcome. 



djSpdr, d, dv, mild. 
cLKtupia, 17, unseasonableness. 
do-vwo-ia, 9, foolishness. 
aTafia, 7, disorder. 
halpav, SaLpovos, 6, deity. 
Senior, a, di», right-hand. 
'Epix^dvior, 6, Erichthonius, a 

Greek hero. 
fvra^ia, f/, good-order. 
fl&», adv., now, already. 
'IvfiiKOf, q, di>, Indian. 
K^fior, Ktjiovt, to, care. 
(C01V17, ^, bed. 
Kprpn), % fountain. 
A«pwj, ij, Lerna, a place •'.-. 

Greece. 
paXiri), 17, song. 



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178 



VOCABULARIES 68-69. 



SfyorpaiTji, Eewxpdvovs, 6, Xeno- 
phanes, a Greek philosopher. 

'OXv/Mnor, a, or, Olympian. 

SpKos, 6, oatb. 

cv&t, conj., neither, nor yet, not 
even. 

irkevpd, r/, side. 

noXvavxfvot, ov, many-necked. 

ttoAvtcX^s, is, exjienaive. 

itot6s,{\,6v, drunk, for drinking. 

pot), fi, stream. 

cretpd, n, trace. 

Ttjvos, ij, Tenos, a Greek island. 

v&pa, rj, snake. 

♦pvj, ♦pvydr, 6, Phrygian. 

X&pts, x°P"" or > *l> f avour » thanks ; 
ace. \apiv and \apiTa. 

XoKos, 6, anger. 

Vocabulary 68. 
atri'fw, I ask. 
a\i£a, tfom, I ward off. 
avfyu, ^(ropm, 1 boil. 
diroKpivofuu, Kpivovpxu, I answer. 
airoXavat, froiuu, I enjoy. 
Sxdo/juu,dxo(<Toiun, I am vexed. 
(3o<r<c», Krjaa, I feed. 
yapia, yap.S>, I marry (in Act. 

said of man, in Mid. of a 

woman). 
ytwdo, t\o~u>, Igive birth to, beget. 
impparria or to, ^o, I throw 

upon. 
iiriTttia, e'era, I accomplish. 
t}ko>, vf <■>, I am come. 
KaBtvbu, cv&ijaa, I sleep. 
xapTtpio, ri<ra, I persevere. 
pcXei, peKrjcra, impers., it is-a- 

care. 
o<f>eiXo, T)tr<o, I owe. 
TtKea, nXeicrojiai, crovpai, I sail. 
XtipoTovio, ij<xa>, I vote. 
X^pea, Tjovpai, I go, advance. 
i»6ia, &o-a>, I push, drive away. 



Alytvs, Aly4m, 6, Aegeus, a 

Greek hero. 
Ala-tap, Aurovos, 6, Aeson, a 

Greek hero. 



aXficrpvav, akcKTpvovos, 6, cock. 
'AtneXiprtds, 6, the god Asclepius , 
"Acnracrio, q, Aspasia, a Milesian 

lady. 
"Abator, 6, Achaean. 
fipa&ias, adv., slowly. 
ckci, adv., there. 
'Hpawrriav, 'H(paiarlavos, q 

Hephaestion, a Macedonian. 
Ktv&vvot, 6, danger. 
X«'u, ^, booty. 
MijiSoy, 6, Medus, son of Aeson 

and Medea. 
M:Xij<nos, a, ov, Milesian. 
Spot, Spovs, to, mountain. 
nXtja-iov, adv., near. 
norfpa, adv., whether. 
Tax<*>s, adv., swiftly. 
Tpa>s, Tpaos, 6, Trojan. 
Tv4>S>v, Tv<p&vos, 6, Typhon, a 

fabulous monster. 

Vocabulary 69. 

airoTuHo, rio-o, I pay, take ven- 
geance on. 

axpiKviopm, i£o/uu, I arrive. 

f3aiva>, jSntTO/uu, I go, come. 

ddaxo, &i)£ofuu, I bite, sting. 

tKfialva, $rjO-opni, I go out, turn 
out (to be). 

c$t\avvo, tk&, I drive out. 

ctdaipovea, rj(Ta, I am happy. 

titpyiria, rjrra, I benefit. 

Kafiva, Kapovfuu, I toil, become 
weary. 

irapafiaiviB, /Sijcropu, I trans- 
gress. 

o-vottivSb), cru>, I assist. 

i cfiva, TeptS), I cut, lay waste. 

imcpfiaivu, j3ij<ro/uu, I trans- 
gress, cross. 

vrio-xviopai, viroaxrjO~opai, I pro- 
mise. 

<p8ava, (pOr/vo/iai, I anticipate. 

q>0iva>, (p8t<rofiat, I perish, decay. 

<pop4tD, 1)0 a, I carry. 

dctXi;, fj, afternoon. 



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VOCABULABIES 70-71. 



179 



Ajidveipa, i/, Deianeira, wife of 
' Heracles. 

EvpvSUrj, 17, Eurydice, wife of 
Orpheus. 

limopaxia, ij, a battle on horse- 
back. 

KaKovpyos, 6, evil-doer. 

KXeur&yijr, KXcurdcvovf, 6, Clei- 
sthenes, an Athenian. 

prjvis, pnvtot, prpnbos, rj, wrath. 

oiri>pa, r), harvest. 

iraviararos, 1, ov, last-of-all. 

Iletaien-paTi&jr, 6, Peisistratid, 
son of Peisistratus, an 
Athenian tyrant. 

poirakov, to, club. 

Tdvaig, Tavai&os, 6, the river 
Tanais (Don), in Scythia. 

rvpavvis, rvpawiSoc, rj, tyranny. 
Vocabulary 70. 

alo-8avopai, Byo-opm, I perceive, 
with gen. or ace 

dpaprdva, rrio-opai, I err, sin. 

aiTt\8avofUU, djrex" 1 ? <ro f uu > 1 8m 
hated. 

airodxxivo, (pavw, T declare. 

av/jdva or avi-a, av^r)<ra, I in- 
crease. 

hpda>, <ra>, I do. 

tmopnta, ricra, I swear falsely. 

6iyydva>, 8i£opat, 1 touch, with 
gen. 

\ay\ava, Xn£o/MU, I meet with. 

XnvOmm, Xntra, I escape notice. 

7r/3ooT}KQ), £<», I am fitting. 

irvvOdvopcu, irewropcu, I learn. 

ovvav£ dvto (o-vvav£a>), avfyyrm, I 
help to increase. 

rvyxdvo, rev£opai, I meet with, 
obtain, with gen. 

dyye\la, f), news. 

Sye (imper. of Sytt used as in- 

terj.), come. 
S«ov, owra, ov, unwilling. 
Sevpo, adv., here. 
tirub'av, conj., when, followed by 

subj. 



6p«|, Qpqxos, 6, Thracian. 

Xvypdy, a, 6v, sad. 

lUkirt), ij, practice. 

$ivos, 6, stranger. 

irS>, interrog., where? jn», adv., 

as yet, yet. 
avptpopd, r), misfortune. 
Xakiajoovtos, a, ov, of Chalccdon, 

in Thrace. 
Xpvo-iov, t6, gold. 

Vocabulary 71. 
AXlo-Kopai, SKdxropat, I am taken. 
diivrjpovew, t]<ra>, I am forgetful. 
avdyco, £a, I carry. 
dvakio-KO), Xoxro, I expend. 
dvapipvt]o~Ke>, /idjtrto, I remind, 

with double ace. ; Mid., I re- 
member. 
aTroSiSpdcTKa), Spda-opai, I run 

away. 
yqpairKa, daropat, I grow old. 
Bi&do-Kw, £0, I teach, with double 

ace. 
(vplaKta, tio~a>, 1 find. 
tOyopat, $opai, 1 l>ray. 
[Kao-Kopai, o-opai, I appease. 
ptSvo-Kut, ptdvo-a, 1 make drunk. 
ptpvrjo-Ka, pvrjo-a, 1 remind; 

Mid., 1 remember. 
vepio, vepS>, in Mid., I dwell. 
irdo~x.(o, irtlaopai, I suffer; tu 

irdcrx«>, I am well used, well 

off. 
tstvBia, Tjo-u>, I mourn. 



Svtv, adv. and prep., with gen., 
without. 

diroTpoirri, rj, preventive. 

dxdpto-Tos, ov, thankless, un- 
grateful. 

Studs, StKabos, fi, a period, series 
or body, of ten. 

oVxaror, ij, ov, tenth. 

dtxatW, adv., justly. 

idv, conj. followed by subj., if. 

EiXsm/s, 6, Helot. 

epa<ripov\os, 6, Thrasybulus, an 
Athenian. 



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180 



VOCABULARIES 72-73. 



Ovtrla, tf, sacrifice. 
"IAioi>, to, Ilium, Troy. 
popo-tpoc, or, fated. 
otKcnff, 6, slave. 
veXapyot, 6, stork. 
iroXiopnia, n, siege. 
rroKvoivia, rj, drunkenness. 
wovot, 6, trouble. 
irvpd, if, pyre. 

O-KOTOS, O-KOTOVt, t6, <Tk6tOS, OV, 6, 

darkness. 
jfofi, 7, libation. 
<$fij(pot, ij, vote. 

Vocabulary 72. 



/3XeV», tyu, I see, regard, look at. 
tlbov, 1 saw. See opda, p. 136. 




tveyKfiv. See <pipa>, p. 143. 

it-iiitov, I spoke out. 

ipi<a or ip&, I will speak, say. 

tpxopat, tXeveropat, I go. 

i<payov, I ate ; irreg. 2 aor. from 
fo~6ia. 

Jjk6ov, I went ; irreg. 2 aor. from 
ipxa/uu. 

td&v. See «t8ow above. 

Kareo-Oia, eSopuu, I eat up. 

KaHfpayov, I ate up. 

opdio, oTJropat, I see. 

waparpixa, dpapovpai, I pass by. 

irapatptpat, irapoiou, I carry-past. 

ireptopdw, o^opai, I overlook, 
neglect. 

irpoepxo/uu, tXivo-opat, I go be- 
fore. 

avpiriva, itlopai, I drink with. 

<^>ay«». See t&ayov above. 

tpopea, r)0-a, I am sensible 
(pOr/v. See 6paa> above. 

alar, al&vot, 6, life, an age. 
Spa, adv., at the same time, 
cbraf , adv., once. 
artpos, ov, dishonoured. 
axpt items, adv., truly. 
fiXaBl, v, harm. 



Talon, 6, Caius, a ltoman prae- 
nomen. 

S&pa, b&tparot, to, house. 

(pptapivac, adv., firmly. 

Kaiorap, Kalvapot, 6, Julius 
Caesar, Roman Emperor. 

perpias, adv., with moderation. 

pfpro, adv., not-yet (used with 
imperative, &c.). 

TtapaKaraOrjKif, j/, trust. 

iripas, iriparos, to, end. 

ptvpa, ptiparos, t6, stream. 

raxiara, adv., very swiftly. 

*apv&Kr)s, 6, Phamaces, an Ar- 
menian kjng. 

Vocabulary 73. 

avapirafa, &ao, I snatch-up. 

fKviw, vtvtropai, vevaovpm, I 
swim-out 

f'arXea, irXevo-opxu, liXevcrovpai, 
1 sail-out. 

cpniiTTu, itc rvpat, I fall-in, fall- 
on. 

6ia, 0(io~opai, 0cvo~ovpai, I run. 

irepippca, pvrjaopai, pewopcu, I 
fall-away. 

irvta, irvevcropai, irrcvo-ovpai, I 
blow. 

ovyx* a > fat. x«a>, elf, tt, I con- 
found. 

njieo), tjj|o>, I melt. 



avtpos, 6, wind. 

avpiov, adv., to-morrow. 

Boppas, A, north-wind. 

ivavrios, a, ov, opposed. 

"\Kapos,6, Icarus, son of Daedalus. 

Kijpos, 6, wax. 

ireXayot, to, sea. 

QeXoTTovinjo-ioi, a, ov, Pelopon- 
nesian. 

vurrtt, iriorewt, 17, faith, confi- 
dence. 

Vocabulary 74, 

aviO~x<t>, avi£o or ai>a<TXT/o-a>, 
irreg. form of dw'^w, I rise. 



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VOCABULABIES 74-76. 



181 



yiyova (perf. of ylyvopcu), I am 

Dorn, descended. 
ckXtjoV, 2 aor. pass, of xaXno, I call 
iaxrjKa, perf. of ex a> - 
KaTarrqSda, 170-0), 1 leap-down. 
KaTT)vf\C7jv. See Kara(f>ipa>. 
irtpiiriirrttv, irttTov fim, to fell 

beside or upon. 
irinTo, irtfTovfiai, I fall. 
tmcto), ri^ofuu, I produce, bear, 

lay. 

'AprcuraTtis, 6, Artapates, a Per- 
sian. 

Aaiuiparoc, 6, Domaratus,a Lace- 
daemonian. 

"EXXo, ij, Helle, a Greek heroine. 

'EXXijoTrovror, <J, the straits of 
the Hellespont 

evda, conj. and adv., where. 

(neibrj, conj., when. 

trfpa, ff, enmity. 

KiipivBos, 6, Corinthus, a Greek 
hero. 

Kpi6s, 6, ram. 

Aukkov, Acmwvos, 6, Laconian. 

LhXoTr/tW, 6, Pelopidas, a 
Theban. 

HpoKkrjs, Upoit\(a>s, 6, Prodi's, a 
Lacedaemonian. 

orcvov, t6, narrow-strait. 

i>6v, to, egg. 

Vocabulary 75. 

avatpia, o-co, I make to grow ; 
2 aor., intrans , spring. 

anoyiyvaxTKa, yvaxrofun, I de- 
spair of. 

/3ioc», aaropm, part, fiwvs, I live. 

yvS>6i. See ytyvaxTKa. 

iuXav, irreg. 2 aor. from &Kio-ico- 
fuu, I am taken. 

?j9ij. See fiaivn. 

(KTrtTofiai, irer^o-o/iai, irrqcro/iat, 
I fly out or away. 

('mfiaivu, ftrjaopat, I go-on. 

(uvw/u, (<baa, I gird. 

KaTafiaiva), ^fjaofiat, I descend. 

Karadvva (ovcro), I descend. 



KivSvvtva, <ro, I am-in-danger, 

risk. 
opyi{w, »5, I make angry. 

irapairXea, ir\(i<rofiai, I sail by. 
ir/>oo"/3XeVu>, ^r<a, I look to. 
(TvyyiyvixrKa, yvaxropai, I par- 
don. ' 
[rXau] rXrja-opai, I dare, endure. 

AcXoW, oJ, Delphi, a town and 

temple in Greece. 
Seow6TT)s, 6, master, ruler. 
cKaroorrfr, r), iv, hundredth. 
'EXt'w;, ij, Helen, a Greek heroine. 
Ke'pfitpoe, 6, Cerberus, a fabulous 

monster. 
lUpos, our, to, a part 
Mvrikqvq, 17, Mytilene, a city in 

Lesbos. 
vip.t(rt?, vepiatws, ij, vengeance. 
oyBo^Kovra, indccl., eighty. 
Sydoos, t), ov, eighth. 
'0\vpmas, 'OXvfmiaSos, q, Olym- 
piad. 
Utfyai, al, Pegae.a town in Greece. 
Hkdrav, Hkarwvos, i, Plato, a 

Greek philosopher. 
irpoo~8tros, 6v, attached. 
irripo%, irripvyos, ij, wing. 
Siicvffif, Suai&vos, 17, Sicyon, a 

Greek city. 

Vocabulary 76. 
davelfa, <r<a, I lend-money-on- 

usury; Pass., I borrow-on- 

usury. 
hihoim or 8(840, I fear, 
cotica, I resemble, appear. 
ipvdptaa, ceo, I blush. 
io-ao-4(A they know ; irreg. 3rd 

pi. of 046a. 
ott)a, I know. 
irpooiba, I know beforehand. 

dvaiSeia, y, shamelessness. 
axprforos, ov, useless. 
furpov, to', moderation, measure. 
TtKaravot, fj, plane-tree. 
vXVVh "Toy, t6, form. 



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( 182 ) 



WOBDS DITI-EBINQ IN MeANIIKJ AIJCOBDINQ TO THKTJt AcCEKT. 

[Only those words are given, of which one at least occurs in the previous 
VocabuLiries.] 



tr/atv, participle from tyu, lead. 

dydv, a contest. 
iwi, but. &Wa, neut. plur. from 

S\Aoj, another, 
upa, then, ipa, there/ore. ipd, a 

prayer or curse. 
aSrti, nom. sing, fem. from oJtoj, 

this, afrrti for ri aur4), tlte fame. 
Pxcrltem, a queen. 0a<n\tia, a 

kingdom. 
jUfoj, life. Piis, a bow. 
Pporis, mortal. Ppiros, gore. 
Sq/to j, people. Styiis, fat. 
Std, through. Ai'o, aco. of Ztvs. 

Sia, fern, of Sibs, divine. 
fl, if. tl, thou art, from tlpi, or 

thou wilt go, from *T/u. 
tta, 3 sing, 'imperf. act. from l&v. 

tla, onl up t 
tlpl,Iam. tl/u, I ahall go. 
dire, he said. Wire, say. 
tis, into, eh, 2 sing, from efci. 

eh, one. els, aor. part, from "jj ju. 
tlal, 3 pi. from el/it. titri, 3 sing. 

from tlpn. 
rfr«, uhether. «Tt« for rfijre, 3 plur. 

prcs. opt. from tlfii. 
kvis, gen. sing, of eh, one. ivos 

and tvos, a year oil. 
tvaivos, praise. ixaivis, awful, 

dread, 
tan, he w {exists), larl (enclitic), 

is, etc. 
fl, or, than. 1j, verily, truly; also 

3 sing, imperf. from q/ti, I say. 
1), fern, from the article i. <i, fem. 

from relat. pron. is. 
JS, dat. fem. from is. % 3 sing. 

pres. conj. from tl/iL 
faev, 1 plur. imperf. from tl/tl. 

ilfUf, conjunction. 
fa conjunction and interjection. 

fa 1 and 3 sing, imperf. from 

tifil, and 1 sing, imperf. from 

i)fil and <j>riiil. 



fat, or, also, fat, surely, fat, 
2 plur. pre*, subj. from tipl. 

ted, goddess, ffe'o, spectacle. 

0t£y, gen. plur. of 9ds, a god. 
64av, part, from Sia, I run. 

xi\ais, a rope. na\£s, beautifully. 

Kktis, a hey. icAsTj, for KKti&ts, 
nom. plur. of the same word. 

fiiyUflremain. ptvw.IshaUremain. 

HiSptot, ten thousand, /ivploi, count- 
less numbers. 

vios, young. vt6s, fallow land. 

pcau, gen. plur. from ravs, a ship. 
viav, gen. plur. from vios, new. 
rtd>v,ws,: plur. from vt6s,temple. 

vinos, law. vopiis, pasture. 

vvv, now, at this time. vw (en- 
clitic), then, therefore. 

oi, nom. plur. masc. of the article i. 
ot, nom. plur. masc. of the rela- 
tive pron. is. ot, dat. of oS, 
himself, of, whither, of, interj. 

oIkoi, at home. oTkoi, houses. 

nipa, for iriptort. wapi, by. 

riptis, 2 sing, indie, pres. from 
irdpeipu. vaptls, participle, 2 oor. 
act. from raplnut, and purt. 2 aor. 
pass, from tttlpu, 1 pierce. 

rtpt, for mpttart. **pl, about. 

was, how T w«m, in some way. 

aiya, silently, aiya, imperot. of 
aiydu. 

raiiri, for t4 abri, the same, tovto, 
nom. pi. from oSVoj, these. 

rpixos, a turn, manner. rpow6s,a 
thong. 

tpwxl, 3 plur. pres. ind. from aynpl. 
</>5<ri,dat. plur. of <pis, pres. part, 
from <pyp.i- 

<pvydv, part 2 aor. from <j>tiyu. </>u- 
ywv, gen. pi. from <p«yii, flight. 

<p£s, ri, light. <t>iis, i, a man. 

S>, with the voc. of a noun. &, an 
independent interjection. 

&s, so, thus, iis, as. 



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( 183 ) 
INDEX I. TO VOCABULAEIES. 

GREEK WOED8. 





LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS. 




ace. 


= accusative. 




num. 


= 


numeral. 


act. 


= active yoice. 




opt. 


= 


optative. 


adj. 


= adjective. 




orig. 


= 


originally. 


adv. 


= adverb. 




part. 


= 


participle. 


aor. 


= aorist. 




pass. 


= 


passive voice. 


Att. 


= Attic. 




patron. 


= 


patronymic- 


comp. 


= comparative. 




perf. 


= 


perfect. 


conj. 


= conjunction. 




pers. 


= 


person. 


contr. 


= contracted. 




pi. 


= 


plural. 


dot. 


= dative. 




plup. 


= 


pluperfect. 


dem. 


= demonstrative. 




poet. 


= 


poetry (i.e. used in 


dim. 


= diminutive. 








poetry). 


esp. 


= especially. 




prep. 


= 


preposition. 


fr- 


= from. 




pron. 


= 


pronoun. 


fut. 


= future. 




q.v. 


= 


quod vide (which se& 


gen. 


= genitive. 








i.e. refer to). 


i.o. 


= Initia Graeca. 




recip. 


= 


reciprocal. 


imper. 


= imperative. 




rel. 


= 


relative. 


imp. 


= imperfect. 




S. 


= 


Stem. 


impers. 


= impersonal. 




sc. 


= 


scilicet (understand 


ind. 


= indicative. 








or supply). 


indecl. 


= indeclinable. 




sing. 


= 


singular. 


indef. 


= indefinite. 




svibj. 


= 


subjunctive. 


inf. 


= infinitive. 




subs. 


= 


substantive (usu. an 


interr. 


= interrogative. 








adj. used as). 


interj. 


= interjection. 




superl. 


= 


superlative. 


intrans. 


= intransitive. 




trans. 


= 


transitive. 


lit. 


= literally. 




usu. 


= 


usually. 


mid. 


= middle voice. 




= meant 


equivalent to. 



The Genders of Nouns and Adjectives are indicated by the Article 6, 7?, ri ; 
and the Declension of Nouns by the addition of the Genitive. 

Principal Parts of Verbs. — Of the Regular Verbs only the Stem and the Future 
are given, except where other parts occur with some peculiarity which might 
puzzle the learner. For the parts of the Irregular Verbs the pupil, except in 
one or two cases, is referred to the pages of the Initia Graeca. The Principal 
Parts and Stems of the Simple Verbs are not repeated under the Compounds, 
except for special reasons. 

N.B. — This Index contains not only the words used in the Vocabularies to the 
Initia Graeca, but also those in the Appendix to it. 



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184 



INDEX TO VOCABULABIES.— GREEK WORDS. 



hppis. 

a$p6s, a, 6v, mild. 

'AyaBoxXiis, eovs, 6, Aga- 
thocles, a tyrant of Sy- 
racuse. 

aya86s, 4), iv, good, brave. 

HyaXfia, aros, ri, image. 

tyafua, aydtJofuu (S. 
aya-), admire ; I. G. i. p. 
123. 

1 Aya^i/xvuv, ovos, i, Aga- 
memnon, a king of 
Argos, leader of the 
Greeks. 

leycardu, i]<ra (S. 4-yaira-), 
love. 

ayyiXia, i), news. 

ayyiXXin, (Xi (S. ayytX-), 
announce. 

iyythfia, aros, to", mes- 
sage. 

iyytXos, i. messenger. 

fry* (imper. of &yu used as 
inter}.), come. 

aytwiis, is, of low birth. 

'AyviXaos, i, Agesilaus, 
a Spartan king. 

kyvoia, t\o~u (S. ayvot-), 
am ignorant of (with 
gen.). 

iyroia, 7), ignorance. 

ayvtis, lis, unknown. 

ayopd, fi, market-place. 

iyptos, a, ov, wild, fierce. 

aypis, S, (in pi.) the 
country. 

6701, J», 2 aor. ijyayov 
(S. ay-), lead, draw; 
I. G. i. p. 138. 

aytiv, iivos, i, contest. 

ayavia, i), exercise. 

atian&PTivos, ov, of ada- 
mant. 

aStX<p6s, i, brother. 

aSixea, 4)<rw (S. aSixe-), 
injure. 

iSixta, i), injustice. 

&$iKos, 7i, ov, unjust. 

iSixus, adv., unjustly. 

S5o£os, ov, obscure. 

iSvvaros, ov, impossible. 



aiaSivofuu. 

iSu, see ailSui. 
ASuvis, 'AS&vtSos, i, 

Adonis, a beautiful 

youth, 
oet, adv., always, for ever. 
attSa, contr. $5<o, fut. 

Sao/iai, Ifou (rare) (S. 

ifiiS-, contr. $$-), sing. 
icfip, aipos, 6, air. 
iddvaros, ov, immortal. 
'ABtivu, t), the goddess 

Athena. 
'Adrjvai, iv, at, Athens, 

the city. 
'ABnvJios, i, Athenian. 
HOKlos, a, ov, wretched. 
ZBXov, ri, prize. 
aBufiita, fata (S. a6v/xe~), 

am discouraged. 
&8$os, ov, unpunished. 
"ABus, a, t, Mount Athos. 
A'mkSs, ov, 6, Aeaous, the 

judge of the dead. 
Alas, Atavros, 6, Ajax, a 

Greek hero. 
Alyeis, Aiyias, i, Aegcus, 

a Greek hero. 
Alyiimos, i, Egyptian. 
Alyvwros, v, Egypt. 
aitifopai, coopai (S. oiSt-), 

reverence. 
"AiSijj, "AiSou, 6, Hades, 

the place of the dead. 
dfSioj, ov, everlasting. 
aiti&s, alSovs, t), rever- 
ence. 
Ai0fo<f/, Aleiovos, i, Ethio- 
pian. 
atfia, alamos, ri, blood. 
alvtyfut, aros, ri, enigma. 
al|, alyis, i and r), goat. 
AtoXos, i, Aeolus, king of 

the Aeolian Isles. 
aipia, aipi)au (S. aipe), 

take ; Mid. alpov/iat, 

foo/uu, take for myself, 

choose; I. G. i. p. 135. 
atpu, ap& (S. ap~), raise. 
- alo Bdv o/xoi, 07)o-ofjLat (S. 

ataB-), perceive (trith 



tiXyos. 

gen. or ace.); I. G. i. p. 
132. 

atoxpis, d, iv, base. 

AioxvXos, i, Aeschylus. 

aloxirw, oiVx? vu (S. oi- 
o~xw-), disfigure, dis- 
grace ; Mid. aiffxvvofiai, 
aiffxwOTiOotiai or alo- 
Xvvovuai, am ashamed. 

Alffuv, Alaovos, i, Aeson, 
a Greek hero. 

atrial, t)oo> (S. aiT€-), beg. 

atria, r), cause, charge. 

alrido/uu, acrofiai (S. 
oiVio-), blame, accuse 
(ycith ace. of pers., gen. 
( of thing). 

alrlfa, ask. 

alrios, a, ov, guilty (with 
gen.). 

AItvti, t), Aetna, a volcano 
in Sicily. 

alxnd\wTos, i, captive. 

aliiv, al&vos, i, life, an age. 

axatpia, i), unseasonable- 
ness. 

'Aitapvds, 'Axapvavos, i, 
Acarnanian. 

aKfii), t), bloom. 

axoXaoia, t), intemperance. 

axoXovtia, 7)au (S. axo- 
Aoi/flt-), follow (with 
dot.). 

aKovu, ffo/iai, perf. aici)>toa 
(S. iuco-), hear (with 
gen.). 

tutpa, i), citadel. 

a.Kpa-rl)s, is, intemperate. 

aicpoxoAls, aKpoTt&Xe as, t), 
acropolis. 

amis, tvos, i), ray. 

&kwv, unovaa, &kov, un- 
willing. 

&Xytiv6s, i), iv, painful. 

iXytaros, 7), ov, most pain- 
ful, irrej. svperl. of 
aXytivSs. 

aXytwv, or, more painful, 
irreg. camp, of i-Xyuvis. 

tiXyos, Sxyouj, t«J, trouble. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WOKDS. 



185 



aXyivw. 

aKyivw, iy& (S. i\yvv-), 

pain, trouble (trans.). 
&\€KTpv<&y, a\CKrpv6ms, 6, 

cock. 
'AKe^avSpos, i, Alexander 

the Great, also a son of 

Priam(ustt.ca/fedParis). 
&Xe{a>, ^<ra> (S. aAc£c-), 

ward off; I. G. i. p. 130. 
&\t)0eia, r), truth. 
a\T)6ex')U, daw (S. oAtj- 

fleu-), speak the truth. 
a\ri6r)s, t's, true. 
&Ai)0u/cfs, ^ oV, true. 
ctAi)0t5j, ado., truly. 
a\lcrKo/Aai, a\it)aofxai (S. 

&A-, aAo-), am taken ; 

I. G. i. p. 134. 
hhidi, v, strength. 
*AAkii8ic15j!J, ov, S, Alci- 

biades, an Athenian 

general and statesman. 
&\Kt/ios, i), or, brave. 
aAAei, conj., but. 
a\Af)koiv, cur, oic, recip. 
prim., of, or to, one 

another. 
tiAAoj, i), o, another, the 

other. 
ctAAoVpios, o, or, of-others. 
eTAs, a\6s, i), sea. 
ttAout, &Acrous, r6, grove. 
ctAwroy, or, without-grief. 
*AAuj, "AAuos, i, the river 

Halys. 
aAwirj)^, c\Atiir«K0j, ^, fox. 
ct/ta, aofo., at-the-same- 

time. 
'A/mi£<$i>, 'A/uafoVoj, ^, 

Amazon, one of a race 

of warlike women. 
ifia8f)s, &, ignorant, 
apogee, ^, wagon. 
a/iaprdvw, rr)aofmi (S. 
a/iapr-, afiapre-), err, 
sin ; I. G. i. p. 132. 
c.fmvpiw, daw (S. a/xavpo-), 

darken. 
&H$poaia, i), ambrosia,, 
food of the gods. 



'Araxpewr. 

ififWr, or, better, irreg. 

comp. of ay a06s. 
ifiehcu, ijffa (S. &/i«Ae-), 

neglect (u»7A gen.). 
a/wriiwrew, i\aw (S. a/irrj- 

pumt-), am forgetful. 
&/xire\os, i), vine. 
a/ivriros, ov, uninstructed. 
afidva, vvw (S. afivv-), 

ward off; in Mid. a/ni- 

vofuu, aiiwovpuu, repel. 
ifttpt, adv. and prep., about. 
aiupUnnifu, apupt4aa or 

a/HpiS (S. apupi-Fes-), 

clothe, put-on ; I. G. i. 

p. 126. 
iftcJx-KaAtfjrrw, <f«s, enfold. 
'Aiupluv, 'Axioms, i, 

Amphion. 
&[itpa>, otv, both. 
&y, conditional particle : 

on its use in conditional 

propositions, see Syntax 

§33. 
&r for idv, conj., if. 
am$dr>is, 6, rider. 
avarytyvtbaKw, yvwaopzt, 

read ; I. G. i. p. 135. 
ij/teyicdfa, <r» (S. avay- 

ko5-), compel. 
arayKalos, a, ov, necessary. 
aviyicti, r), necessity. 
ajn.-ypd<pw, ljiai, record. 
av-iya, fa> (S. 07-), bring 

up, carry. 
ava-SiSw/u, Swam, give, 

present. 
&va-£eiyvvni, (tifa, break 

up an encampment. 
&vd$T)fta, ivaSr)/mTos, t<{, 

offering. 
avaiticia, r), shamelessness. 
av-aipew, i)au, take up ; 

I. G. i. p. 135. 
cW-KaA&o, iaw, recall, 

summon. 
avi-Keifiat, Kflaopui, am 

dedicated. 
'Avaxpewv, 'AvOKpfOVTOS, 

S, the poet Anacreon. 



tvev. 

avaKto-Ku, <&aw (S. avak-, 
ava\o-), expend ; I. G. i. 
p. 134. 

cW/xijUWjo-Kai, /u^cru (S. 
oca-^ya-), remind (with 
double ace.) ; in Mid., re- 
member (with gen.) ; I. 
G. i. p. 135. 

cWvttjs, Secures, steep. 

'Ava^ar/opm, 6, Anaxa- 
goras, a Greek philo- 
sopher. 

ara-iraia, aw, make to 
rest, stop ; Mid., rest. 

ara-rrtrdrrvfu, (tttrdaw) 
vera (S. ava-Trera-), 
throw open. 

ava-irlpLT\riiu, irkf/aa, fill 
(tcit/i gen. of thing vith 
tchich) ; I. G. i. p. 123. 

av-apird(fl>, &aw, snatch up. 

avapxta, r), anarchy. 

avarovdw, dam (S. arc** 
euro-), draw up. 

ara-o~Tj)aw, fat. of avi- 
arripii. 

ava-axha<D,fat. of aviaxw. 

ava^-lBniu, M\aw, set up. 

&ra~rpetpa, Bptyw, bring 

ava-<pepa, avoiaw, deliver 

up. 
afa-ipiw, aw, make to 

grow ; 2 aor. intrans., 

spring. 
ava-xwpia, i\ow, retire, 

withdraw. 
aviparoiwitns, ts, slavish. 
bvSpeia, 7), valour, bravery. 
kvipttos, a, ov, brave. 
lu>8pclas, adv., bravely. 
avSpla, i), bravery. 
'AvSp6yeas, b, Androgeos, 

a Greek hero. 
avfKeiSepos, a, ov, not- 
free. 
Hvffios, i, wind. 
oK-tfco, fut. of farlaxw- 
&vfv, adv., and prep, urith 

gen., without. 



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186 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— GREEK WOBDS. 



br-tyu. 

Av-tyai, <|^<r« and ^aopju 
(S. cb-f^t-X boil. 

aWjp, avtp6s, S, man ; I. G. 
i. p. 32. 

i»8<<», 4<r« (S. AvOe-), 
flourish. 

&»<M<7Ti)fu, iyriar^aa, re- 
sist (tci'M <Aii.). 

AvSos, IwSovs, rh, flower. 

IwBparwiros, t), or, of-man, 
human. 

Iwdpmrlms, adv., like a 
man. 

ivOpwwoi, i, man (Lat. 
homo). 

iy-lriiu, V»> "rge, let-go ; 
i'nss. part., slack, un- 
strung. 

Av-fffTTj/xi, iyaarf\au, set- 
up, arouse from sleep ; 
intrans., rise, rise from 
bed, wake-up. 

o»-/ffx<», eb^«{<i> or hia 
<rxj\au, irreg. form of 
ar-4x a > rise. 

iy-olyvvfu, oi(it (S. iv- 
ory-), open ; I. G. i. p. 
127. 

trovs, ovy, foolish. 

im-awo-iflxwiu, !«({», 
show in return. 

&t/, /)rc/i. vith tjrn., in- 
stead of. 

'AirtyoVij, y, Antigone. 

'Arrlyoros, i, Antigonus. 

'Arrhtarpos, i, Antipater. 

'Amotions, ovs, 6, Anti- 
sthenes, founder of the 
Cynic school of philo- 
sophy. 

ayri-ar4oa>, fat. of arS- 

lOTTIfMU 

lani-riaaw, (a, draw up 

against. 
&va, adv., ujp. 
irrfryear, to, upper-room. 
Iuk&hotos, or, unsworn. 
b£t6Xayos, or, memorable. 
t\ios, a, or, worthy. 
a^t6a>, tiffa (S. a|io-), deern- 



awo-iarSvrcia. 

worthy "(with gen. of 

thing). 
aotS6s, i, bard. 
&T-Ayts, d(m, lead-back. 
i.TcdSfvros, or, unin- 

structed. 
mr-akK&aaa), (a (S. ir- 

ateay), deliver, free 

from (with gen. of thing 

from which). 
&rta(, adv., once. 
iiras, euro, or, all. 
ixarda), 4)<ru (S. awara-), 

cheat, deceive. 
Hr-ti/u, will go-away. 
tarnpos, or, unused-to (with 

gen.). 
'AireAA^j, ov, i, Apelles, 

a celebrated painter. 
oir-f p6xa, {« (S. OK-tpvK-), 

keep-off. 
arr-ixS&ropcu, cnrexOfao/uu 

(S. &T€X"» ^ T{ X^*")> am 
hated ; I. G. i. p. 132. 

ar-fxofuu, fapQoiuu, ab- 
stain-from (with gen.). 

i-wurr4a (S. imort-), i\au, 
disbelieve. 

axiojla, i), mistrust. 

(moras, or, faithless. 

aicXovs, rj, ovr, simple. 

an!, prep, with gen., from. 

i-no-Poira, fMioop.at, result. 

atro-PdXXw, fiaXu, lose. 

&ro-0X4m>, if/a, look stead- 
fastly at. 

luro-yiyvdrrKO!, yrdcroixai, 
despair of. 

fato-b'elKpvfu, St({«>, ap- 
point, prove, publish as 
a law. 

&Tro-St5pdffKw, ipdffofim 
(S. cmo-Spa-), run away ; 
I. G. i. p. 135. 

luro-StSupt, tidaw, restore, 
give (pay), return (a 
favour); Mid., sell. 

airo-SriioKu, Barov/iai, die. 

airo-Ka\inrrw, if/a, disclose. 

aTTQ-KivSuvtvw, ow, risk. 



S-HTCDOS. 

awo-Kplra, Kptrtb, distin- 
guish ; in Mid., luco- 
Kpiropuu, Kpirovfieu, an- 
swer (with dat.). 

aro-Kpinrra, if/u, conceal. 

a*o~KTtlrw, KTtru, pcrf. 
-{mora, 2 aor. -4kt&vov, 
kill. 

axo-Xa/^fidvw, Xi^Ofuxi, 
take away. 

aro-Xaia, Xaioopxu (S. 
iro-Xow-), enjoy. 

ixo-Kftna, tym, leave be- 
hind. 

av-6xxvfti, oXicru, destroy, 
lose; dird\»Xo, perish, 
am undone. 

'Air<jAXa'i', 'AviXXuros, 6, 
Apollo. 

axiXvvis, iiroXvacus, ij, 
release. 

axo-xbte, am, deliver, free 
from. 

a-KO-ripirX-nixi, tXiiaa, fill 
full of, satisfy (with 
gen.). 

a-wop4», 4\att, (S. iwo^), 
am at a loss, am in 
difficulty. 

iaro-p^-pitt, ptiffo/uu (S. 
iropfeF-, pv-), flow 
from ; I. G. i. p. 137. 

artyfiriTos, or, not to be 
spoken, abusive. 

ivo-o-KtSirrvpu, (o-kMo-o) 
oKfto, scatter. 

taro-ffrixXu, eXS, send. 

awo-ar4icui, fat. if lupl- 

ffTV/JU. 

aTro-TiBrj/u, tMiaw, put- 
away. 

airo-rtva, rlott, pay, take 
vengeance on. 

Airo-TpeV'a), iffw, avert. 

ottot powfi, it, preventive. 

axo-ipaivaj, <pavw (S. aro- 
<pav-), declare. - 

airo-cpe iyu, £0/101 or (ovfuu, 
flee-away, escape. 

&-wrepos, or, unwinged. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GEEBK WORDS. 



J87 



&TTV. 

fiirrw, yW (S. o»-), fasten ; 
in Mid., lay-hold-of (with 
gen.). 

ipd, y, curse. 

"Apaty, "Apaftos, 4, Arab. 

ipya\ios, a, ov, difficult. 

'Apyttos, a, ov, Argive, 
belonging to the city of 
Argos. 

"Apyos, i, Argus. 

apyis, 4\, 4v, idle. 

apyvpos, 6, silver. 

apyvpovs, a, ovv, of-silver. 

"Apeios rdyos, 6, gen. 
'Apclov irdym, Areopa- 
gus. 

apiffKw, kpiaa (S. fy>e-), 
please (with dat.). 

aperf), t), virtue, valour. 

"Apns, 'Apeos, 4, the god 
Ares; I. G.i.p. 32. 

apiBprfs, 6, number, extent. 

'Apurrt iSr)5,' ApurrclSous, 4, 
Aristides, an Athenian. 

ipurTtp6s, d, 4v, left, left- 
hand. 

'Ap'urmnros, 4, Aristippus, 
a Greek philosopher. 

apurros, i\, ov, best, irreg. 
superl. of i.ya$4s. 

apxiw, tffw (S. &/)»«-), sa- 
tisfy ; in Mid., am con- 
tent. 

ipfia, ipparos, t6, chariot. 

'Ap/ifvws, 4, Armenius. 

'Apfioyla,' fi, Harmonia, a 
Greek heroine. 

iporpov, r6, plough. 

iprayfi, t), plunder, prey. 

apnrdfa, <ru and oopuu (S. 
apiraS- and apiray-), 
carry-off. 

Spiral, ayos, rapacious. 

&p<ri)v, (v, male. 

' ApTa£ip$ris, ov, 4, Arta- 
xerxes, a Persian king. 

'ApTcardrns, ov, 4, Arta- 
pates, A Persian. 

"Aprtpus, 'ApripuSos, i) 
Artemis, a goddess. 
9 



'Arrucis. 

bpxaios, a, ov, ancient. 
'Apx&VP-os, o, Archede- 

mos, an Athenian. 
&PXV> V. beginning, rule, 

kingdom. 

&pxu (S. 4px-)i i" (<"'* 

gen.% rule ; Mid., begin. 
&PX»y, ipxorros, 4, ruler, 

archon. 
apZ, fvt. of atpct. 
hurtles, is, impious. 
lurBtvfo, is, weak. 
'Atria, 7i, the country of 

Asia Minor. 
a<ncc'a>, t)<ra (S. ao-KC-), 

practise, exercise. 
'AoKXrnnis, i, the god 

Asclepius. 
cutk4s, i, bag. 
'Atnraaia, r), Aspasia, a 

Milesian lady. 
htnrls, ioiriSos, t), shield. 
'Aaoipws, a, ov, Assyrian. 
iurrpdrrw, <|m(S. aorpar-), 

lighten. 
tffTpov, ri, star. 
&ffTv, &ffT€os, t6, city. 
' AaTvdyns, Aarvdyovs, i, 

Astyages, last king of 

Media. 
iurvvtola, y, foolishness. 
&ff<pa\i)s, is, safe. 
ao-<pa\as, adv., safely. 
tLffoTos, ov, accursed. 
Utoktos, ov, unarranged. 
aroffa, fi, disorder. 
irip-ia, 4, dishonour. 
tripos, ov, dishonoured. 
artpiipifros, ov, unavenged, 

unpunished. 
"AtX«, "AtXovtos, 6, 

Atlas, a fabulous per- 
sonage. 
arpcKfus, adv., truly. 
' Arpeis, 'Arpius, i, Atreus, 

a Greek hero. 
trpanos, ov, invulnerable. 
'Arruefi, y, the land of 

Attica. 
'Atthco'j, t), 6v, of Attica. 



ixpnirros. 

irvxia, <<r» (S. a-ri>x«-)> 

am unlucky. 
arixvs, &> unfortunate, 
arvx'o, ii, misfortune. 
aSflu, adv., again. 
av^dvoi or at(u, altfiata 

(S. <»4{-, av£c -), increase ; 

I. G. i. p. 132. 
aCfqtrii, avt-fotus, 7), in- 
crease. 
atpiov, ado., to-morrow. 
abrdpicfta, 7), independ- 
ence. 
ahris, y, 4, self; him, her, 

it ; with art, 4 airris or 

airis, the same. 
ai>r6x9av, avr&xQovos, t, 

indigenous; pi., abori- 
gines. 
iuptarfis, is, obscure. 
&~<pai>l£a>, taw (S. a<paviti-\ 

make to disappear. 
a^-i^opuu, ftit. of anixo- 

puu. 
lupSovla, ii, abundance. 
aip-lnp.i, a<p7)<rui, dismiss, 

let-go. 
bp-ticviopwu, l^opuu (S. 

cupiK-), arrive ; I. G. i. 

p. 131. 
cup-lffTTipu, awo-oTi)ffw, 

make to turn away, 

make to revolt; Mid., 

revolt. 
'AippotlrTi, ii, the goddess 

Aphrodite. 
&<ppaiv, ov, senseless. . 
(upvi)s, is, without natural 

talent. 
'Axcuo's, ii, Achaean. 
&X"P iS i h ungraceful. 
axdpio-Tos, ov, thankless, 

ungrateful. 
&X8opuu, ixSifopLOi (S. 

^xK*y)t am vexed ; 

I. G. i. p. 130. 
'AxtAA.«i5j, 'AxiAKivs, i, 

Achilles, a Greek hero. 
txpV'Tos, ov, useless. 



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188 



INDEX TO VOCABULABIES. — GBEEK WORDS. 



PaSlfa. 

Putiifa, tovfuu (S. PaSil-), 

go- . , 
PaBis, (To, v, deep. 
Paivu, Pf)aopai (poet.) (S. 

/3«-)i g°> come ; I. G. i. 

p. 131. 
Vdxrpa, rd, Bactr», a city 

in Bactria. 
&a\ayuov, ri, bath. 
PdfJvu, j8aA« (S. /8oA-), 

throw ; I. G. i. p. 137. 
PipPapos, i, barbarian. 
Papius, adv., impatiently. 
Papvs, tia, v, heavy, (of 

the voice) deep. 
Pdaavos, i;, touchstone, 

test. 
PaalXtia, ri, qaeen. 
PaatXtla, T), kingdom, 

royal authority. 
paaiXtis, tus, 6, king. 
,t {Batos, a, ov, firm. 
[i(0ai6u>, aaw (S. p(Pato-), 

confirm. 
PihrUtv, ov, better, irr'Q. 

comp, of ayaBis. 
Bnim, pfifiaros, ri, a 

pace. 
pia, ri, force. 
Pious, a, or, violent. 
Pios, i, life. 
0i6u, io-opai, part, Piois, 

live ; I. G. i. p. 138. 
BW, uvos, i, Bion, a Cy- 

renaic philosopher. 
PXaPepis, d, iv, hurtful. 
pxip-t), i), harm. 
PKdirrw, fa (S. 0\B.p-), 

injure. 
P\4irw, iffu ($. PXtir-), see, 

regard, look at. 
Podu, iiaofuu (S. 0oa-), cry 

out. 
Potfitm, r), help, aid. 
Porfitu, \au (S. /Soijfle-), 

assist (tottA dot.). 
Bomrla, i), Boeotia. 
Honoris, 6, Boeotian. 
P6\k, <J, throw, cast (of* ' 

dice, net, &c). 



y4\as. 

Boppas, i, north wind. 
Piaiut, lefyru (S. /3oo-»c(c)-), 

feed ; I. G. i. p. 130. 
0ov\titt, <ro» (S. PovXtv), 

deliberate, determine 

(Act. and Mid.). 
PovAi), ii, advice, counsel, 

council. 
PovKoficu, r)ffo/uu (S. 

/3ou\(e>X wish; I. G. 

i. p. 130. 
Povs, Bois, 6 and r), bull, 

oj, cow. 
Ppatias, adv., slowly. 
BpatrlSas, 6, Brasidas, a 

Lacedaemonian general. 
Ppaxvs, tia, v, short: 

Kara Ppax^j little by 

little. 
Pporrda, fou (S. Ppoyra), 

thunder. 
Bporis, i, mortal. 
0ia>, Picra, to stuff full. 
Pa/i.6s, 6, altar. 

yata, v, poet, for yr), earth. 

Tdios, t, Caius, a Roman 
praenomen. 

ydka, yoAaKTOs, ri, milk. 

Ta\ari)s, 6, a Gaul. 

ya/ifu, yapu (S. ya/j,-), 
marry (said ofaman, in 
Mid. said of a woman) ; 
I. G. i. p. 130. 

Yawixtfiris, i, Ganymede, 
cup-bearer of the gods. 

yip, con;., for (never placed 
at the beginning of a sen- 
tence, usu. after the first 
word). 

yam-fip, yaaripos, dat. pi. 
yaarpdai, it, belly. 

yavpiofutt, tiaofuu, pride 
myself (with dot.). 

yt, enclitic particle, at 
least, at any rate (used 
to emphasize 4yd). 

■f4yova (perf. of ylyropat), 

■ am born, demoded. 

y4\us, y4\wros, i, laugh- 



ypmrf. 

ter, ace. y4\ara am? 

y4\it>y. 
yevvaios, a, ov, noble. 
ytvvatm, adc, nobly. 
ytvvdu, t,<rw (S. ytwa-), 

give birth to, beget. 
yevos, yivovs, ri, race, 

kind, descent. 
ytpaiis, d, 6v, old, elderly. 
Ttpi\vu>s, 6, Gerenian, a 

people of Greece. 
y4puv, ytpovros, i, old- 
man. 
ytiw, aw (S. ytv-), make 

to taste ; ytio/mi, taste 

(with gen.). 
■)4$vpa, ri, bridge. 
ytapyis, i, husbandman. 
yH, 7i, earth, land. 
yj)pas, yfjptes, ri, old-age. 
yripdffKa, dfofiai (S. yripa-), 

grow old ; I. G. i. p. 

133. 
7(701, yiyavros, i, giant. 
ylyrofiai, yev^ffo/uu (S. 

ytv-, pres. 71-7(1' = 

yiyv-), become, am ; 

I. 0. i. p. 138. 
ytyvdo'Ku, yvwao/uu (S. 

yvw), know j I. G. i. p. 

135. 
7Aaii(, y\avic6s, v, owl. 
yXvicis, cut, A, sweet. 
yk&voa, 7), tongue. 
yvu>8i, see yiyvwoKw. 
yvd/tv, ti, opinion, judg- 
ment. 
yovtis, yovivs, i, parent, 

father. 
yivv, ydvaros, ri, knee. 
Topy las, i,Gorgias,a Greek 

philosopher. 
Topydv, 6vos, r), Gorgon, a 

fabulous monster. 
ypdfifia, ypdfiiuxros, ri. 

letter; pi., literature. 
ypaSs,ypais, r), old-woman. 
ypatpevs, ypaipfois, 6, 

painter. 
ypaipi, fi, writing. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GEEEK WORDS. 



189 



ypcuptxis. 

ypwput&s, ft, iv, a judge of 

painting. 
ypA<pu, ifiw (S. ypoup-), 

write, paint. 
TpvWos, i, Gryllus, an 

Athenian. 
finis, i, field. 
yv/wdatov, ri, place for 

bodily exercise, bodily 

exercise. 
yv/wis, t), iv, naked. 
yvvaiKfTos, a, ov, of-a- 

woman. 
yvvf), yvvautis, fi, woman, 

wife ; I. G. i. p. 32. 
yty, ymris, i, vulture. 
Tw&pias, 6, Gobryas, a 

Persian. 

AaiSaXos, i, Daedalus, a 

fabulous personage. 
Salfuev, Sai/iovos, i, deity. 
Sdxvw, $ti£o[mi (S. Sax-), 

bite, sting; I.G.i. p. 131. 
Sdupvov, ri, tear. 
Aa/idpaTos, 6, Demaratus, 

a Lacedaemonian. 
Aavais, i, Danaus, a Greek 

hero. 
Savelfa, aw (S. ScwuS-), 

lend money on usury; 

Pass., borrow on usury. 
Sapeixis, 6, daric, a Persian 

coin. 
Aapuos, 6, Darius, a Per- 
sian king. 
94, con}., but. 
StSouca or S4Sia (S. Se-), I 

fear ; I. G. i. p. 140. 
SeT, must, ought (impers. 

with ace.) ; see S4a. 
SfUvv/u, Sct(u (S. S«k-), 

show ; I. G. i. p. 110. 
Sei'a.7), ii, afternoon. 
SeiAi'o, fi, cowardice. 
S(t\6s, 4i, iv, cowardly. 
Stivis, t), iv, terrible, keen ; 

to Saviv, the danger. 
itarvia, i)au or iiaofuu 

(S. Semvt-), dine. 



Sc'/ca, mdecl., ten. 

ttxis, SeniSos, y, period, 
serifs, or body of ten. 

S4xaros, ii, ov, tenth. 

AexeKaitis, if, iv, De- 
celean, i.e. of DeceUa, 
a town of Attica. 

S4\ros, r), tablet. 

AeKtpoi, ot, Delphi, a town 
and temple in Greece. 

S4vSpov, ri, tree. 

Sc{iof, d, iv, right-hand. 

S4ovra, rd, necessary 
things. 

tiapwTfipiov, ri, prison. 

Scmroiva, i), mistress, lady. 

5«oTroVijs, i, master, ruler. 

titvpo, adv., here, hither. 

Sevrepos, a, ov, second. 

Sixo/iai, St^ofiai (S. J«X")i 
receive. 

S4u, Stt)aw; Mid. S4opat, 
Seriaoficu, want, entreat, 
lack (with gen.) (S. 
'«(«)") > voWov S4a, am 
far from (with inf.); 
ofofuu Seic, I think fit ; 
rh Stoyra, necessary 
things, what is neces- 
sary ; I. G. i. p. 130. 

Ml, adv., indeed. 

Ari&vtipa, 7), Deinneira, 
wife of Heracles. 

SrjKos, ii, ov and os, ov, 
evident. 

S7)\ia, <iaw (S. SjjAo-), 
make clear. 

Aij^tjjo, Atjmtjtpos, ii, the 
goddess Demcter. 

Sri/ioKparla, i), democracy. 

Stj/jlos, i, people. 

h.7iixotr64vris, A7lfioa04vovs, 
i, Demosthenes, an Athe- 
nian orator. 

Sriia, daw (S. Sjjo-), lay 
waste. 

Sid, prep., with ace, on 
account of; with gen., 
through, by means of, 
with. 



SiKoiocrvvri. 

Sia-$ulva, fSqifnai, cross 
over. 

!ia-j8aAA», /BaAti, calum- 
niate. 

Siafio\i), i), accusation, 
calumny. 

Sia-SlSwiu, Su>aw, distri- 
bute, pass on. 

Siaira, i), mode of life. 

Staxiatot, oi, a, two 
hundred. 

Sia-Kptvw, icu, distinguish. 

Sia-\4ya, (a, pick out ; 
in Mid. Sia-\4yopuu, 
(o/uu, converse ; I. G. i. 
p. 135. 

Sia-\iw, aw, in Mid., de- 
part. 

Sia-vi/ia, Vina, distribute. 

Sia-Ttpdoaw, fa, accom- 
plish. 

tia-fi-piiywiu, j>i\£w, break 
through, cleave asunder, 
tear ; I. G. i. p. 128. 

Sia-aKdrrrw, tya (S. 8m- 
<rica<p-), make a breach 
in. 

Sia-antlpw, arrtpZ, spread. 

Sia~<rw(a, aw, keep safe. 

Sia-rl67i/ti, 0r)aw, manage, 
arrange, treat. 

Sia-<p4pu, Siolaw, diner. 

Sia-rptvyw, {ojuai, escape. 

Sia-<p6cipw, cpd, destroy 
utterly. 

SiAtpopos, ov, distinguished. 

Sta-<pvKdrrw, {«, maintain. 

SiSdaxaXos, i, teacher. 

SiSiaxw, fo> (S. Bi&ax-), 
teach ; I. G. i. p. 134. 

SlovpLOs, 71, ov, twin. 

StSa/u, Swaa (S. So-), give, 
offer ; Silcnv SiSivat, to 
suffer punishment, pay 
the pcnaltv ; 1. G. i. p. 
108. 

Sindfa, aw (S. SueaS-), 
judge. 

Sikoios, a, ov, just, lawful. 

Smatoavvn, i), justice. 



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190 



INDEX TO VOCABULAB1ES. — GBEEK WOKD8. 



Sucalws. 

tucalus, adv., justly. 

SiKatrrrjptov, ri, court of 
justice. 

Sikoitt^s, iS, judge. 

S/(oj, v, justice, penalty. 

$Iktvoi>, ri, net. 

Aioyirns, i, Diogenes, a 
Cynic philosopher. 

AiiSapos, i, Diodorus, an 
Athenian. 

Atoviatos, i, Dionysius. 

AUvicros, 6, the god Dio- 
nysus, or Bacchus. 

S/htixw, », two cubits long. 

SItovs, ovv, two-footed. 

8(5, num. adv., twice. 

Hanoi, i, quoit. 

Sur/ivpioi, at, a, twenty 
thousand. 

8«rXiXioi, at, a, two thou- 
sand. 

SixipvOos, oy, double- 
speaking. 

ttxoeraala, i), dissension. 

St^tdw, -fjffw (S. 8tiJ<a-), 
thirst. 

SttytiStis, €S, thirsty. 

Siuxa, {» (S. Suite-), pur- 
sue. 

Aiwv, Aiavos, 6, Diou, a 
Syracusan. 

Sfids, Sfutis, i, slave. 

oWa>, fa> (S. Son-), seem, 
think ; Sokci not, it seems 
good to me, I determine, 
I think ; ret Si^avra, 
what is determined 
upon; I.G. i. p. 130. 

eiKos, i, guile. 

So\6a,-<i<rw (S. 80A0-), de- 
ceive. 

S6(a, v, glory, reputation ; 
Ttapa Sifav, contrary to 
opinion. 

topi, it, skin. 

Sipv, 56/iaTOS, ri, spear. 

SovAeta, i), slavery. 

SovKivw, o"« (S. tiovAev-), 
am subject to, with dat. 

SoiAos, i, slave. 



4yKaAAw*i(ouai. 

Sovkiw, uau (S. 8011A0-), 

enslave. 
SpJucay, Spixoyros, i, 

dragon. 
Apixav, ApiKoyros, i, 

Draco. I . King of Ath- 
ens. 2. King of Thebes. 
tpapjx, iipdfjLaTos, ri, drama. 
$pau, iffu (S. Spa-), do. 
Apvas, Apvavros, i, Dryas, 

a Macedonian king. 
Spvs, Spv6s, i), oak. 
tvva/iai, twiiaofiat (S. 

Suva-), can, am able. 
tvvafus, tiupiuewi, 7), 

power. 
Svyaris, ■fi, iv, able, 

powerful. 
8i5o, Svotv, two. 
Svanotpos, oy, unfortunate. 
8u<ro-«/3<j, is, impious. 
Svff-rvxiu, ^i ** (S- 8i«r- 

T "X € *)> am unfortunate. 
tvarvxhs, is, unfortunate. 
tvorvxia, 7), misfortune. 
StiSfxa, indecl., twelve. 
Sufia, Swpjtros, ri, house. 
Sapd, i), free gift. 
StipTi/ta, tapijuaras, ri, 

gift. 
Supoy, to", gift. 

i&Aav, irreg. 2 aor. fr. 

aXio-Kofutt, am taken. 
iiv, conj. followed by subj., 

if. 
lap, capos, ri, spring. 
iavrov, t)s, ov, of-himself, 

his-own. 
lien, ii.au (S. eo-), permit. 
?/38o/xor, 17, ov, seventh. 
iyyis, ado. arid prep., near 

(tnYA yen.). 
iyclpu, lyepib (S. iyep-). 

awaken, stir up ; I. G. 

i. p. 138. 
4yKaWa7rl(ofiai, icrofuu 

(iv, xiAAos, iixp, lit. put 

a fair face on) (S. iyxaA- 

AuwtS-), beautify. 



iK-Baiva. 

iympdrcia, 7), self-control. 

iyicparlis, is, moderate. 

tyKwptoy, ri, panegyric. 

iypiiyopa (2perf.fr. 4ytl- 
pw), am awake. 

iya, 4fwv, I. 

ieiAu, V»(S. 46(A-), wish. 

ISvos, tBvovs, ri, nation. 

Mot, ISovs, ri, custom, 
habit; (pi.), character. 

tfa, 2 per/, efcofla, pfo/i. 
eidOuy (S. f«9-), am ac- 
customed. 

«', con;'., if. 

cISov, saw, see ipaa ; I. G. 
i. p. 136. 

(ISos, (tSovs, ri, form. 

rftuAoy, ri, image. 

eT0e, adv., expressive of a 
wish, if, O that t would 
that ! Lat. utinam. 

tf(coe-i(y), indecl., twenty. 

tiK<iy, tiiciyos, 7), image, 
likeness, picture. 

«TAoi>, took ; see alpiw, 
I. G. i. p. 135. 

Et\urys, i, Helot. 

tl/il, Hffoftat (S. 4ir~), am. 

«I/u (S. I-), will go ; I. G. 
i. p. 120. 

ttiroy(S. tit-fl/rig. Ft-Ftir-, 
redupl. fr. Ftw-), spoke, 
see Kiyu ; I. G. i. p. 135. 

flpt)y7i, i), peace. 

eii or is, prep, with ace., 
into, to. 

etc, uia, $y, one. 

tlff-iya, {a>, introduce. 

cI(r-/3<£AX<<i, $a\&, invade. 

rfer-t tfu, will go into, ente r. 

(tff-tpipu, olau, bring in. 

«f era?, see lav. 

elro, orfr., then. 

ck, ^{ (before vowel), pivp. 
with gen., out of, from. 

iieaaros, ij, ov, each. 

txariy, indecl., a hundred. 

eKaTotrro's, ^, 6v, hun- 
dredth. 

ix-Palya, Bi\ffoiuu, 2 aor. 



"\ 



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INDEX TO VOCABULABIES.— OKEEK WOEDS. 



191 



Hxyovos. 

Qffrriv, go out, turn out 
(to be). 
txyovos, 6, descendant. 
<?«?, adv., there. 
iKtivos, 7i, o, that, 
foeltre, adv., thither, to 

yonder place. 
iK~KO.Qa.ipui, apa (S. iic- 

KatBap-), burnUh. 
iK-KoA-lntTa, if/a, uncover. 
Ik-k&ittu, ifrai, 1 aor. i\4- 

Kotya (S. iK-Kor-), cut 

out. 
{kAt)67iv, 2 aor. Toss, of 

kc%a4o>. 
ix-vtw, vtiao/uu and v€v- 

ffovfiat, 1 aor. l£evfvcra 

(S. iK-v(F-), swim out; 

I. G. i. p. 137. 
i*-*4inm, tfw, 1 aor. i£4- 

trifiipa, send out. 
iK-wiroitm, (rer^co/iuu) 

m-fao/tai, 2 aor. i(4- 

tt6hw (S. &»<«>(«)-)> 

fly out or away ; I. G, 

i. p. 138. 
tK-vlra, iriopat, 2 aor. i£4- 

Ttov, drink out. 
iK-nlirrw, Tttaovpju, 2 aor. 

i^iirttrov, am expelled 
lK-Tthew, itKtiaoimi and 

TrXcvoovfiat, sail out. 
iK-irX-hoaw, {« (S. &- 

»\iry-)> astound. 
iK-m>ia, ltvuioopm and 

trvevaovpat, breathe out. 
iK-arp4<pu, tyw, perf. i(- 

4<rrpo<pa, perf. Pass. 

i^4(rrpajifuu (S. Ik- 

arptip-), turn inside out. 
iK-rltriiu, 6i)<ra, put out, 

expose. 
euros, y, ov, sixth. 
4K-Tp4irti>, lfiw, 2 aor. i£4- 

tpaxov, turn out. 
"Ekto>p, "E/cTopos, i, Hec- 
tor, a Trojan warrior. 
4K-<pfiyw, (o/xai or £ovfmt, 

2 aor. 4£4<pvyov, flee 

out of. 



ifi-irlirTU. 

4k-x4i», fnt. x&», ! <""'• 

4t4 X ea(S.iK-x.F-,xw), 

pour out ; I. G. i. p. 137. 
iKtliv, ovffa, 6v, willing, 

willingly, of one's own 

accord. 
tAaiov, t6, oil. 
l\i.TT(aa)uv, or, less, 

irreg. convp. of oAlyos. 
IXavvw, (iAaau) Att. 4\u, 

os, o (S. iAa-), drive ; 

I. G. i. p. 131. 
iAix-trros, 7i, ov, least, 

irreg. superl. of oAlyos. 
i\4yx<», \a (S. iAtyx-), 

refute, prove. 
'EA4vt), i), Helen, a Greek 

heroine. 
lAevQepla, 7), freedom. 
iKtHtpos, a, ov, free. 
lA*v0fp6m, &<ta (S. iAev- 

Sepo-'), set free. 
4\4(pas, iA4<pavros, 0, ele- 
phant. 
'EAAa>, 'ZAAiSos, 7), Hel- 
las or Greece. 
'EXAij, it, Helle, a Greek 

heroine. 
"SAATiv'EAAnvos, 6, Greek. 
'Zkki)viK6s, it, 6v, Grecian, 

Greek. 
'EAAt)o7tovto$, i, the 

straits of the Hellespont. 
iAiris, iAniios, 17, hope. 
Ijiavrov, of myself, my 

own. 
ifi-$aAAa>, $oAa, 2 aor. 

iv4fiaAov, invade. 
4fi-fi4va>, /xcvw, 1 aor. 4v4- 

Iteiva, stand fast, remain. 
ifi6s, 7), iv, mine. 
(p.7reios, ov, lasting. 
i/iireipla, 7), experience. 
4pyir'nrA7ini,irAttO0),fL\\ full 

of. 
i/i-TrlxpTiiit, 7rp7)a<e (S. i/i- 

Ttpa-), burn, I. G. i. p. 

123. 
ifi-nlirra), Trtaov/uu, 2 aor. 

4v4ite<rov, fall in, fall on. 



it-eAai<v<i>. 

4fi7r4piov, ri, emporium, 
trading-place. 

(fMTropos, 6, merchant. 

(fKpvros, ov, implanted. 

4v, prep, with dot., in. 

ivavTiiofuu, ivavTtiioofiai 
(S. ivavrto-), oppose 
{with dot.). 

ivavrlos, a, ov, opposed, 
contrary. 

ivSer)s, 4s, deficient (with 
gen.) % 

IvSeta, i), lack. 

iv-ifiKrufu, 5t;{a>, display 
in. 

iv-Siu, am (S. iv-hv-), put 
on. 

ivfyKtTv, see <p4pa, I. G. i. 
p. 136. 

iv4Spa, i), ambush. 

ivtxa (prep, with gen., 
usually placed after its 
case), on account of, for 
the sake of. 

ivda, adv. andconj., where. 

ivtavris, i, year. 

tvtot, at, a, some. 

ivioTt, adv., sometimes. 

ivvoKtaxiAioi, at, a, nine 
thousand. 

iwax6otot, at, a, nine hun- 
dred. 

ivravSa, adv., there. 

(vrt/ws, ov, honourable. 

4£, see ix. 

ej, indecl., six. 

i£-dya, {», lead out. 

fjoKij, num. adr., six- 
times. 

i(aKi<rxfo' h °'» a > s i x 
thousand. 

i^axSo-iot, at, a, six hun- 
dred. 

^-ayS/joiroJi^ot. ffa (S. i£- 
av^pairoStS-), reduce to 
slavcrv. 

i^-airaraa, 7)<ru>, deceive. 

i\-e~i7tov, spoke out. 

i\-tAaivt>, eAw, drive 
out. 



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192 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GBEEK WORDS. 



iiipxoim. 

4£-ipx l uu i tXftxrofim, 
come oat. 

{{-«<m, impers., it is al- 
lotted, it is lawful (with 
dal.). 

i^-lnfu, itfiom, send forth. 

i{-i\Av/u, (oA«r») oA«, 
destroy utterly. 

l(-opic6w, tiaas (S. i(~opico-), 
make to swear. 

Ityvoia, q, authority. 

fouca, resemble, appear ; 
I. G. i. p. 140. 

in-ayyiXXv, «A», report. 

in-awitt, iau (S. iwaw*-), 
praise. 

fwatvos, o, praise. 

iw-aipw, apv, raise, elate. 

tw-OKO\ov94w, 1\au, pur- 
sue. 

iv-afiiva, Hvm, defend. 

hrtl, conj., when. 

treitdv, conj., when (fol- 
lowed by subj.). 

IxttUi, conj., when. 

Itt-tt/u, will advance a- 
gainst. 

Hweera, adv. and conj., then, 
next. 

tr-i^-tiiu, will go ont to 
meet. 

iiri, prep., with dat., for ; 
with ace, against, to, for. 

im-flairu, fH)ffofuu, go on. 

ixt-0ov\fiw, <ro», plot 
against (with dat. of 
pert.). 

cVi-Schrv/tu, tei{«, exhi- 
bit, prove. 

iiri-fevyyv/iu, C e H"t y°^ e 
on, enclose. 

iinSvpia, q, desire. 

iiri-Ket/icu, Ktiaofuu, am 
laid on. 

iirUovpoi, ol, mercenary 
troops. 

inifi4\(ia, q, care. 

iri-^€\4ofiai ftnd itri-}t4\o- 
fuu, -fiffOfjuu (S. **jnjtcAe-), 
take care of (with gen.). 



'Eptrpta. 

iTifuXAs, adv., carefully. 

iirt-apitftt, fam (S. l-ri- 
opxf-), swear falsely. 

(TiTi/urAq/u, irA^ffM, fill 
full of. 

iin-p-plmt or lii-fr-jm- 
t(u, tfw, throw upon. 

iwl-ffrafuu, ffr-farofuu (S. 
ArwrrS-), know ; I. G. i. 
p. 123. 

ivurrfiiai, 4, knowledge. 

itn-arfyrm, fut. of ty- 
ornfu. 

ArurroA^, 4, letter. 

«Vj-T€A&», e<r», accom- 
plish. 

i-riHiSaos, a, oy, neces- 
sary. 

^n-rMqju, Diiaa, impose 
(with dat. of pers.) ; in 
Mid., attack, put on; 
I. G. i. Ex. 58. 

tut-rpime, i)iu, assign, en- 
trust. 

luKpaviis, is, distinguished. 

ivtipfpa, Ito'utw, bring-on. 

ttropau, tyofuu (S. iv- and 
at*-), follow (with dat); 
I. G. i. p. 138. 

tnos, lirovs, ri, word. 

irrd, indecl., seven. 

lirrajcio'x'Aioi, ai, a, seven 
thousand. 

IhtokoVioi, at, a, seven 
hundred. 

tpafuu, poet., ipacrlHiaoixm 
(S. ipa), love (witli 
gen.); I. G. i. p. 124. 

'Eparii, 'Eparovs, q, Erato, 
one of the Muses. 

Ip&oi, ipaabSiaonai (S. 
epa-), love (with gen.). 

ipyifafiat, trofiat (S. ip- 
yaS-), do. 

tpyov, r6, work, deed ; 
tpyov ivrl, it is hard 
work. 

tptrpMv, ri, oar. 

'Epirpta, q, Eretria a town 
in Euboea. 



*toi/u>?. 

'Eptx**' '", oi, descendants 

of Erechtbens. 
'EprxStvs, 'EpfxOeas, o, 

Erechtheus, an Athenian 

king. 
Ipia or ipv (S. ip-), will 

speak, say ; tee hiyw, 

I. G. i. p. 135. 
iprnp&a, <i<ru (S. ipijput-), 

make desolate. 
'Epivis,'Eptyios, q, Erinys ; 

'Eptvits, the Furies. 
fyis, IpiSes, q, strife ; ace. 

tpt&a and fpw. 
'EpixfloVioj, o, Erichtbc- 

nius, a Greek hero. 
'Ep/iqr, o, the god Hermes. 
iprtr6s, i), iv, creeping. 
ipfiaftivos, q, ov, strong. 
tp"JMiiiynct, adv., firmly. 
ipv8pidu,(<rw)(S. ipuOpia-), 

blush. 
tpvfia, ipi/ueros, ri, forti- 
fication. 
*Epv{, "EpvKos, q, Eryx, a 

city in Sicily. 
tpXOfUu, iXtiaofim (S. 

ipX- and «"AC)»-)> go; 

J. G. i. p. 13«. 
"Epas, "Epwras, i, Eros, 

the god of love. 
iparrau, faw (S. ipvra,-), 

ask. 
is, see tls. 
iaPoXt, q» attack. 
iaOtui, (Sofuu, 2 aor. l<pa- 

yov (S. io8i-, it(e)-, and 

<pay-),vit;l.G.i.p.l36. 
iv9K6s, ii, iv, good. 
'EoTfa, q, the goddess 

Vesta. 
tirxaros, q, or, l'.st. 
lo-xtlK", pcrf. ofix a i have. 
t<ra) or t Xau>, adv. and prep. 

with gen., within. 
iratpos, i, companion. 
crepos, a, ov, one — other 

(of two) ; another. 
Iti, adv., still, yet. 
(Toifios, q, or, ready. 



~~\ 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GBEEK WOEDS. 



193 



trot. 

iros, trovs, ri, year. 
el, adv., well, rightly. 
Eb&otis, «'»s, i, Euboean. 
Ziffoia, ii, the island of 

Euboea. 
tvytvi\s, 4s, well-born. 
fiSaifiovca, 4\o<e (S. tb- 

Scu/toj/e-), am happy. 
fliSaifiuv, ov, fortunate, 

happy. 
(tStos, a, ov, calm ; I. G. 

i. p. 36 (like iiiaos). 
fiiSoKi/ji4m (^<r») (S. «J5o- 

Ki/j«-), applaud, 
evict, <«■«> (S. tvS~), sleep ; 

I. G. i. p. 130. 
tbepyeaia, i), well-doing, 

kindness. 
tbepyeriw, i)ffco (8. eiWp- 

yers-), benefit (wi'iA ace.) 
tbepyirTis, i, benefactor. 
ciiflt/s, adv., immediately. 
evKXcia, ij, glory. 
tbhifltux, r), precaution. 
Eb/iCvlSts, ou, the Furies. 
(vfityus, adv., kindly. 
cvVoia, r), good-will. 
tivofila, fi good-govern- 
ment. 
clivovs, ovv, well-disposed. 
*bptri)s, 6, discoverer, in- 
ventor. 
EiptrtSris, ov, i, Euripides, 

a Greek tragic poet. 
tvploicw, 4i<ra (S. (lip-, 

cbpe-% find, invent ; I. G. 

i. p. 134. 
tipos, (Cpous, ri, breadth. 
EipuSiKi), i), Eurydice, 

wife of Orpheus. 
cvpvs, e?a, v, broad, wide. 
Ebpdwi), r,, Europe, the 

continent. 
tbffifieia, r), piety. 
tb(Tt$i)s, is, pious. 
(bra^ia, i), good-order. 
tbrvxia, r)<ra (S. t brvx*-), 

am fortunate. 
fbrvxhi, is, fortunate. 
tvTv\la, ii, good-fortune. 



7A\vuv. 

(ti(ppaivw, ova (S. evppav-), 

make-rejoice, gladden. 
Eb<ppir7)s, 6, the river 

Euphrates. 
tfxapts, i, graceful. 
*"Xfl> h, prayer. 
cOX°l*h ioftat (S. fix-), 

pray. 
t(payov, ate, irreg. 2 aor. 

fr. itrOla. 

i<p-€X0fJLOt, tyoflM, follow 

{mth dot.). 

i<p-t7i/u, faa, let go; in 
Hid., tip-Upm, itroptB, 
desire Qmith gen.). 

i$-ior7\p.t, i7ri-ari)aa>, set 
over; intrans. in Hid. 
and 2 aor. <J-c. Act., 
command, be at the 
head of. 

i<p6$ior, ri, travelling- 
money. 

t(popoi, oi, Ephors, Spartan 
magistrates. 

ixQalpu, «V>« ( s - Wap-), 
hate. 

ix^P^y 4, enmity. 

ixSpis, d, iv, hateful, hos- 
tile ; as subs., enemy. 

Ix«>> <{<■> an & oxhou (S. 
«X-)> have, hold ; I. G. 
i. p. 138. 

(da, (t)au, inf. fiv (S. (or\ 

live. 
(tbyvvyu, fci(a (S. (vy-), 

yoke, join ; 1. G. i. p. 127. 
(evyos, (fbyovs, ri, beast 

of burden. 
Zeus, Ai6s, i, the god 

Zeus ; I. G. p. 32. 
7.7)Seis, ias, 6, Zetheus. 
(t)\6<o, tiaa (S. fijXo-), 

strive after, emulate. 
(i)p.la, i), loss, penalty. 
(niuiw, uiau> (S. ft/uo-), 

punish. 
(rjv, inf. of (du. 
7,r)vu>y, 7A\vu>vos, i, Zeuo, 

the philosopher. 



iyrrdm. 

Cijtmk, foot (S. fore-), seek. 
(arl), ii, life. 
(<ivr), ii, girdle. 
(livvufu, (titrui (S. fw), 

gird ; I. G. i. p. 127. 
(Siov, ri, animal. 

t) than (after comp.) ; or ; 

7tp\y if, before that. 
?j8ij, 7i, youth. 
Tryeftdv, iytfiivos, i, 

leader. 
r,ytoiuu, ityirnftt (S. 

yyeo-),*oostf«. 
ifiius, oife, gladly. 
<5ij, ode, now, already. 

TjtopjU, TlrftflOOfUU ($. i,S-) 

am pleased. 
i/Soyi), if, pleasure. 
T|0VS, e?a, w, 

sweet. 
iS9o;, ij0ovs, ri, disposition. 
! i,Kui, t\\u (S. 7,k-), am 

come. 
^A6ok, went, irreg. 2 aor. 

qAiKi'o, ^, age. 
i]\iiciibn)S, 6, comrade, one 

of the same age. 
fl\tos, i, sun. 
fififis, iffuZy, pi. of iyii. 
Vepa, i), day. 
TifupoSpi/tos, i, courier. 
'ifupos, a, ov, mild. 
fifitrepos, a, ov, our. 
fl/iurvs, fia, v, half. 
Ijv, conditional particle 

followed by suij., = idv, 

if. 
i)vioxos, i, charioteer. 
"Hpo, ri, the goddess Hera. 
'HpditKeiros, i, Hera- 

cleitus, a Greek philo- 
sopher. 
'HpaK\T}s, 'HpojcKiovs, i, 

the god Heracles or 

Hercules. 
r)pus, i,potos, 6, hero. 
i)rria>, conquer; m Mid 

7)rrdoiiai, yrrtoo/iai 



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194 



INDEX TO V0CABTJLABIE8. — GEEEK WOBDS. 



'H<paurrluv. 

more freq. ifrrrfitiiropai 
(S. Tfrra-), am worsted. 

'H<paurri*r, 'H<paurrlams, 
A, Hephaestion, a Mace- 
donian. 

4x<&> ^X "*! 4i echo, sound. 

Bi\atra(rr)a, h, sea. 
iBdvaros, A, death. 
Bdnru, \jiu, 2 aor. Ircvpov 

(S. rip-), bnry. 
Birrqv (or Bdaoav), ov, 

swifter ; comp. ofraxis. 
Bavp.i(u>, aofim (S. 6au~ 

ltaS-% admire. 
Bavftairris, <, iv, wonder- 
ful. 
Bti, h, goddess. 
Bedofuu, dirofuu (S. Bear), 

observe. 
Buos, a, or, divine. 
9&», foo (S. 0«X(e», 

wish, am willing ; I. G. 

i. p. 130. 
Bt/xeXtot, oi, foundations. 
BtfwTTOKAiis, Bt/iiffro- 

K\4ovs, A, Themistocles, 

an Athenian general. 
Bfis, A, god ; toe. Bfis. 
BtoaifiiuL, i], fear of God. 
Btpareiu, tra (S. SepaTtv-), 

attend-to. 
9epli£irvA<u, at, Thermo- 
pylae, a pass in Greece. 
Btpos, Bipovs, ri, summer. 
Bta, Btx'/ffo/uu or Bivrrovfuu 

(S. Bw), run. 
Qrj$ai, at, Thebes. 
BriPaios, o, ov, Theban. 
64ip, Bnpis, A, wild-beast. 
Bnpeia, aa (S. 07ipev-), 

hunt. 
Oriplor, ri, wild-beast. 
Bnaavpis, A, treasure. 
Biyyiva, Bi^o/uu (S. Biy-), 

touch (with gen.) ; I. G. 

i. p. 1152. 
Bvtiona, Bavavfuu (S. B3.V-, 

Brn-), die; I. G. i. p. 

134. I 



Ira. 

Bvnris, 4), iv, mortal. 
Bpiicti, v, Thrace. 
&p&t, Bpaxis, A, Thracian. 
Bpatri0ovKos, A, Thrasy- 

bulus, an Athenian. 
Bpaxr&s, tia, i, bold, rash. 
Bptyw, fui. of Tpttfw. 
8pl£, rptxis, if, hair. 
Bpivos, A, throne. 
Bvydrnp, Bvyarpis, ?j, 

daughter. 
Bvfios, A, passions, spirit, 

courage. 
Bipa, h, door, gate. 
Bvffla, ri, sacrifice. 
Sua, aa (S. 0V-), sacri 

ficc. 
Bait, V, fi ne. 
Bds, Bwis, 6, jackal. 

Idofiai, itro/tat(S. la-), heal. 
'Idouv, ovos, Jason. 
iarpeia) (S. tar pev-), cure, 
iarpis, A, physician. 
tSios, a, or, own, one's- 

own. 
ISidrns, A, private citizen. 
iSpia, era (S. ttipv-), set-up 

(an altar). 
ISpus, ISparos, A, sweat. 
ISuv, tee etSov. 
iepai, Upaxot, A, hawk. 
Itpeiov, ri, victim. 
Uptis, ius, A, priest. 
Up6y, ri, temple, sacred- 
place. 
Upis, d, iv, sacred. 
tuifu (S. i-\ cause to go,' 

send; I. G. i. p. 118. 
iK&vis, ii, iv, capable. 
"iK&pos, i, Icarus, son of 

Daedalus. 
tK(T7)t, 6, suppliant. 
l\i<XKop.ai, i<ro/uu (S. i\a-), 

appease ; I. G. i. p. 133. 
1\(a>s, av, propitious. 
"Wiov, ri, Ilium, Troy. 
Ifidriov, ri, garment. 
tva, conj., that, in order 

that. 



koI. 

'Ivtueis, t), iv, Indian. 
'IvSis, A, Indian. 
lov, ri, violet. 
"irrapxos, A, Hipparchus. 
Iwweis, ias, i, horseman, 

knight. 
lirweia, tru (S. linctv-), 

ride. 
'I»t(os, i, Hippias, a 

Greek sophist. 
'minis, 4 iv, acquainted- 

with-borses. 
hrroitaxfa, V, a battle on 

horseback. 
tnros, S and r\, horse. 
T If>«, 'IpiSoj, t), Iris, the 

messenger of the gods. 
Xoao~i(y), they know, irreg. 

3rd pi. of oZSa ; I. G. i. p. 

140. 
'looKpirTis, i, Isocrates. 
laos, ri, ov, equal. 
imifu, orfioa (S. ara j, 

make to stand, place ; 

Mid. and intrans., stand ; 

I. G. i. p. 104. 
itrrooioypcupos, i, historian. 
Zoros, i, loom. 
Iffxipis, i, iv, strong. 
Urxis, Icxios, jj, strength. 
"Irvs, "Ituos, i, Itys. 
iXSis, IxBios, i, fish. 
txvos, Txww, ri, footstep. 
'lavixis, ii, iv, Ionian. 

Kd$pos,6, Cadmus, a Greek 

hero. 
KaBapis, d, iv, pure, clean. 
KaBifaiuu, ttxBeSoviuu (S. 

KaBeS-), sit down. 
KaS-eiSu, evSiitru, sleep. 
KdB-ri/tai, ■ficrop.ai (S. 

HccBtjff-), sit, sit-down ; 

I. G. i. p. 122. 
KaB-in/ti, 7\oa, let down. 
KaB-iarniu, Kara-orfoa, 

establish, set; intrans., 

am set down. 
Kal, conj., and, also, even, 

both. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— GKEEK- WORDS. 



195 



Kaiveis- 

Katvevs, eus, S, Caeneus. 
xatvds, j, 6v, new. 
xaipds, i, opportunity. 
Kcuaap, Kaiaapos, 6, Julius 

Caesar, Roman Emperor. 
Kola, naitrm (S. xaF-% burn 

(trans.) ; I. G. i. p. 137. 
xaxiryopos, 6, slanderer. 
Ktacia, 1), cowardice, vice. 
xdxurros, 77, ov, most evil, 

irreg. super!, of xaxdt. 
xaxis, t}, oV, evil, bad. 
xaxovpyos, i, evil-doer. 
kokAu, <i<ra, injure. 
xaxm, adv., ill. 
xa\eu, ecru (S. xa\-, x\i)~), 

call ; I. G. i. p. 137. 
KaWbxs, i, Callias, an 

Athenian. 
KaAAi'/iaxoi, i, Cnllima- 

chus, an Athenian hero. 
xaKkluv, ov, more beau- 
tiful, irreg. comp. of 

ko\6s. 
xd\\oi, xdXKovs, ti, 

beauty. 
xaXds, i\, 6v, beautiful, 

honourable. 
KaKivTu, \tyo (S. xaXvx-), 

conceal. 
Ka\wf/ii, KoAmf'oSj, »j, 

Calypso, a nymph. 
•caAuJs, adv., well. 
xd\ws, 4, rope. 
Ko^iimis, <S, Cambyses, a 

Persian king. 
KifniXos, i, camel. 
iidfww, Kanoifuu (S. K&fi-), 

toil, become weary ; 

I. G. i. p. 131. 
xapSla, ?% heart. 
xapiris, 6, fruit. 
KapTeptw, tjffoi (S. xaprepe-), 

persevere. 
Kdcrrap, Kiaropos, S, the 

god Castor. 
Kant, j»vp. trt'tA ace, by, 

through, according to, 

with ; trttA pen., against, 

down (upon). 

9* ' 



KaTa-rl&rifit. 

xara-0aivw, fHiao/uu, de- 
scend. 

xara-PdWu, $a\.£, cast 
down; Mid. xarafidXKo- 
fiat, found (a sect). 

xara-yiyvtiaxa), yviiao/uu, 
condemn. 

KariSrjKos, or, very clear. 

xara-Svvw (Siau) (8. xara- 
8"-)) go down, sink, set ; 
I. G. i. p. 131. 

xara-xalw, xaiffa, burn 
down. 

xara-xAttw, au, shut up. 

xara-xdirTu, ifa> (S. i«rra- 
xm-), destroy. 

Kara-Aehrv, ijw, leave- 
behind, bequeath, aban- 
don. 

xara-Aiu, au, put an end 
to (a war), overthrow, 
destroy. 

Kardvti, ?% the city of 
Catana in Sicily. 

xara-icaXaiu, aiffu (S. 
xara-iraAai-), throw (in 
wrestling) ; £ KaTara- 
Ww, an antagonist. 

xara-vf/iTU, ifoi, send 
down. 

K«Ta-?rt)Sd», t^ctoj (S. xara- 
*i)So-), leap down. 

xara-icpdaau, £a>, perform ; 
in ifid., succeed in. 

Kara-afiirniu, a$4au, ex- 
tinguish. 

Kara-iXKdvTa, ifiw (S. icoto- 
o-Kcup-), raze to the 
ground. 

Kara-axe vdfa, au (S. koto- 
awevaS-), prepare, fur- 
nish. 

xara-arliau, /«<• o/ icaflf- 
ari\\ku 

Kara-arpltpu, i|ia>, per/, 
i'ass. KartoTpafi/uu (S. 
xaraarpecp-, -arpacp-), 
subdue. 

Kara-riSriiu, fl^irtc, lay by, 
deposit. 



K~!P»i. 

xara-tptiyu, ' (o/uu or 
£ov/iar,'flee for refuge. 

KaTa-<p\4yot, "£a>" (S. leora- 
^Acy-), burn down. 

xara-cppoveu, 4)au, despise 
(with gent.). 

xaracpvyfi, tj, refuge. 

xdr-eipu, will go down, re- 
turn. 

Kar-ta-Oio), {Sopuu, eat up. 

xar-i<payov, ate up, irra/. 
2 aor.fr. xareaOiu. 

xar-riyopeu, ^au (S. (toni- 
yopt-), accuse (with 
gen.) 

KaT-tivtx<h)v, see xara- 



xar-otxiu, 4t<rw, inhabit. 
xar-otxlfa, au (S. kot- 

oikiS-% colonize. 
xdrorrpov, rA, mirror. 
xar-opvaau, {o> (S. icot- 

opvx-), perf. inf. Pass. 

Karopupixiai, bury, 

hide. 
k«?/uu, Kctaopai (S. kci-), 

lie ; I. G. i. p. 121. 
KtkfAv, au (S. kcAcv-), 

order. 
K(\ri$T)p, K(\rl$npos, 6, 

Celtiberian. 
Ktv6s, *$, 6v, empty (wi'M 

jcn.). 
Kevravpos, 6, Centaur. 
Kivrpov, ri, sting. 
Kepaficvs, eus, 6, potter. 
Kfpdvyv/u, Kepaau (S. 

Kepi.-, Kpa-), mix ; I. G. 

i. p. 126. 
xipas, xiparos or xlpws, rd, 

horn, wing (of an army). 
Kepavv&s, i, thunder- 
bolt. 
Kt'pfjepos, i, Cerberus, a 

fabulous monster. 
xepSos, xepSovs, r6, gain. 
Ke<pa\4\, t\, head. 
Kjjtios, kJiSovs, t6, care. 
xripis, S, wax. 
Krjpv£, xJipixos, i, herald. 



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196 



INDEX TO VOCABULABIES. — GREEK WOBDS. 



Kifr«. 

K))T», Kirrouj, y, Ccto, 

wife ol' Phorcys. 
Ktffamls, y, chest. 
KtSapifa, era (S. KiOopiS-), 

play on the lyre. 
KiAiufa, r), Cilicia, a 

country of Asia Minor. 
Klfutv, Klfiuvos, 6, Cimon, 

an Athenian. 
Kivtuvtia, <r« (S. KtvSo- 

ytv-), risk, am in danger, 

seem likely. 
KirSOrot, t, danger. 
Kiviw, 1\o~tt (S. Kivt-), 

arouse. 
kUttti, i), chest. 

«'#»»"> X/>V« (S- #»-)> 

lend ; I. G. i. p. 123. 
K\alu, KKavaofjuu and 

KKawrov/ieu (S. K\aF-% 

weep, weep for ; I. G. i. 

p. 137. 
K\(ts, K\etSis, rj, key. 
K\turS4yris, KKeurOirovs, 

i, Cleisthenes, an Athe- 
nian. 
KXcim, KXuovs, i), Clio, 

one of the Muses. 
K\eia, aa (S. kAci-), shut. 
kk4os, k\4ous, ri, glory, 

renown. 
jtA«Vr7)$, 4, thief; afeo used 

as <x//., thievish ; I. G. i. 

p. 37. 
KkivTu, i|/», /wr/. KCK\o<pa 

(S. k\(t-), steal. 
Kiunj, ^, bed. 
K\v5atv, KkiSuvos, i t wave. 
K\vrcunvf)crTpa, ij, Cly- 

taemnestra, a Greek 

heroine. 
K\iw, no fat., imper. K\vdi 

(S. (cA.5-), hear (with 

gen. of pers.). 
Kvnfils, Ki/nfuSos, t), 

greave. 
Koifidv, T]<rca (S. Koi/i<»-), 

put to sleep ; Mid. Kot- 

fido/xai, •fiffojiai, go to 

rest, sleep. 



Kp4as. 

Knv6s, 4, oV, common, im- 
partial. 
kowuv6s, i, companion. 
Koipavot, 0, ruler. 
koit7», ^, bed. 
Ko\<f^i», dferw (S. K0X0S-), 

punish. 
KoAoiccfa, r), flattery. 
x<JXo{, K(fAcucos, o, flat- 
terer. 
koAoot^j, 4, chastiser. 
K6\x»s, i, Colchian. 
k6)oi, i), hair. 
Koutfa, aa (S. ko/mS-), 

carry, bring. 
K&vuv, K6vavos, t, Conon. 
>c6pat, K6paxos, 0, raven. 
Kopivvvu.i, Kopccra (S. 

ttop*~), satisfv, satiate ; 

I. G. i. p. 126. 
KopivOws, a, ov, Corin- 
thian. 
KipivSos, 0, Corinthus, a 

Greek hero. 
K6piv6os, v, Corinth, a 

city of Greece. 
K6p~pTI, 4> the temples (see 

App., Vocab. 40). 
Koapta, t)<ra (S. Koff/ie-), 

adorn. 
Kifffios, 0, ornament, world. 
kovQos, 17, ov, light. 
Kovipas, adv., lightly. 
Kpi(u, KeKpQopM, late 

Kpd\v (S. Kpay), 

scream, cry out. 
Kpavos, Kpdvous, r6, 

helmet. 
Kpartu, Tjffw (S. Kpare-), 

conquer (with gen.), am 

in power. 
icparfip, xparrjpos, 6, bowl, 

cup, crater. 
Kpirioros, i), ov, best ; 

irreg. superl. of ayaS6s. 
Kpdros, Kpdrovs, ri, 

strength ; Kara Kpdros, 

by storm. 
Kp4as, Kpias, r6, flesh, 

meat. 



Kirrpos. 

Kptirruv, ov, better, irreg. 

com/), of ayaB6s. 
Kpffidwvfu, Kpefxiaw (S. 

Kpe/m-\ hang (trans.); 

1. G. i. p. 12C ; Mid. 

Kpepapm, Kpep-daopju, 

hang (mtrans.) ; I. G. i. 

p. 124. 
Kpt)vri, y, fountain. 
Kpfis, Kpriris, i, Cretan. 
Kpifrti, r), Crete, an island 

in the Mediterranean. 
Kptvu, Kp'.va (S. Kp'tv), 

judge. 
Kpi6s, i, ram. 
Kptais, Kplo-cas, i), decision. 
Kpirfo, i, judge. 
Kpirlas, 6, Critias, an 

Athenian. 
Kpiruv, Kplruvos, 6, Crito, 

an Athenian. 
Kpoio-os, i, Croesus, a 

Lydian king. 
xpoKittiKos, 6, crocodile. 
Kporcfvutrns, i, of-Croton, 

a Greek city in Italy. 
Kpinrru, i/(» (S. Kpu<p- or 

k/jD/3-), conceal (uith 

double ace.). 
KTaofiat, K-rt)<rofmi (S. 

kto-), obtain ; perf. 

k4ktt)iuu, possess. 
m-fivu, KTevi (S. /rrfi-), 

kill ; I. G. i. p. 139. 
m-Tjfm, nrjinaros, r6, pos- 
session. 
mriats, lerfiaeus, r), pos- 
session. 
lerlfa, au (S. ktX-), found. 
KvfStprlrrvSt *> a pilot. 
K6k\o^i, Kvk\wtos, i r 

Cyclops, a fabulous 

monster. 
Kvvfoo, kvow (S. kv-\ kiss ; 

I. G. i. p. 131. 
KW7iy4r7is, 6, huntsman. 
kwik£s, 4 6v, lit. dog-like, 

Cynic. 
xinrtWov, r6, goblet. 
Kincpos, i), Cyprus, an 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GEEEK WORDS. 



197 



KvprivaiKos. 

island off the coast of 

Asia Minor. 
Kvprivaiicis, t), iv, Cyre- 

naic, of-Cyrene, a city 

in Africa. 
Kupicvw, au (S. Kvptev-), 

become-master-of (with 

gen.). 
Kupiosy i, lord, master. 
Kipvos, ri, Cyrnus, an 

island in the Mediter- 
ranean, now Corsica. 
Kipos, i, Cyrus, a Persian 

king. 
kiW, Kvyis, i and y, 

dog. 
KwnOris, i, wailing. 
KaiAva, 6<ru (S. kuKv-), 

hinder, prevent. 
Kii/ai, v, village. 
icdveiov, ri, hemlock. 
K<5s, Ka>, ij, Cos, an island 

in the Aegean Sea. 

Xoj8^, 7), a hold (in wrest- 
ling). 

AafliptvSos, i, labyrinth. 

Xayxdviv, X<{o/»oi (S. 
\ax-% meet with ; I. O. 
i. p. 182. 

Kaytis, i, hare. 

Adxaiva, r], a Laeonian 
woman (/em. of Aixaiv). 

AaKtScufiivios, i, Lacedae- 
monian. 

Aajctfai/iav, /tovos, r), Lace- 
daemon. 

Adxav, AaKiuyos, i, I.aco- 
nian. 

\a\ii, r., gossip. 

\a\os, ov, loquacious. 

\ofL0iya> (S. Aa/5-), A^tJ<o- 
ficu, take, obtain ; I. G. 
i. p. 133. 

Aa/nris, AafjnraSos,T), lamp, 
torch. 

\apirp6s, d, iv, bright. 

KayBdva, Kr)ou (S. Aafl-), 
escape notice; I. G. i. 
p. 133. 



AvSot. 

Aar, Kaos t 6, stone. 
Aarojilat, ay, at, Latomiac, 

stone quarries (Kits 

ri/iyoi). 
Xeatva, r), lioness. 
\4ya, {» (S. Key-), say ; 

I. G. i. p. 135. 
Atia, r), booty. 
\et$u, 0|<a>) (S. Aei/3-), 

pour. 
Ktt-ru, ifiu (S. Air-), leave. 
AeoKTi), ^, lion's-skin. 
Aipvri, ri, Lerna, a place in 

Greece. 
Attr&os, f), Lesbos, an 

island on the coast of 

Asia Minor. 
\iuy, kiovros, i, lion. 
KijSTi, ?i, forgetfulness. 
Aq/w, \4ifiaros, ri, spirit. 
Aijerreia, r), piracy. 
Ajjot^i, 6, robber. 
AijtjJ, Aurrovs, ri, the god- 
dess Leto or Latona. 
Ai&ini, i), Libya, a country 

of Africa. 
AlStvos, i), oy, of-stone. 
KiSos, i, tomctimes i), 

stone. 
kl/xfiv, Ai/i&os, 6, harbour, 
kifivri, i), lake. 
Ai><if, i, hunger. 
\6yios, a, oy, talkative. 
\oyl£ofuu, lao/uu or uv/tai 

(S. \oylS-), reckon. 
Aifyos, S, word, speech, 

discourse, report, rea- 
son, account. 
\ottop4v, r)(ru, and in if id. 

Koiiopovfxat, -fjffofiai (S. 

AoiSope-), abuse (tct'tA 

dot.). 
Aoiirof, i), iv, other. 
\oitt>, <r« (S. \ov-), wash ; 

in Mid., Koioiuu, wash 

oneself, bathe. 
Avypis, d, iv, sad. 
AvSia, t), the country of 

Lydia. 
Aviol, of, T-ydians. 



fiavtdvu. 

Ai/kos, i, wolf. 
Avuovpyos, 6, I.ycurgus, a 

Spartan lawgiver, also a 

Macedouian king. 
AvWv, 4\<rt> (S. Awre-X 

pain. 
Kv/rn, j), grief, sorrow. 
Kwrnpis, d, iv, grievous, 

painful. 
kipa, i], lyre. 
Avpucis, i\, iv, lyric 
AvtrwSpos, i, Lysander, a 

Lacedaemonian general. 
Avtriravis, 6, Lusitanian. 
Kiu, out (S. Ab-), loose, 

loosen, abolish, repeal 

(a law), violate (a 

treaty). 
Ac(uv, ov, preferable, irreg. 

comp. of iyaBis. 

Hathi/to, naMiiiaros, ri, 
learning. 

laBifriis, i, disciple. 

Mafa, 4, the goddess 
Maia. 

fuilvofuu, fmviiaoiuu and 
luwovp.tu (S. n&v-), am 
mad. 

H&Kap, fidiApos, alto fidxap, 
aipa, ap, btasttd. 

fuucdpios, a, ov, happy. 

KoKeSovta, i), the land of 
Macedonia. 

MaKfiovticis, r), iv, Mace- 
donian. 

KaKfSiiv, MaiccSivos, 6, 
Macedonian. 

fuxxpiffios, ov, long-lived. 

fuuepis, d, iv, long. 

/uiiAo, adv., very. 

HtkAiora, adv., most, espe- 
cially, most of all, 
superl. of pdAa. 

pMWov, adv., more, rather, 
comp. of fidka. 

MavSdini, r), Mandane, a 
Median princess, mother 
of Cyrus the Great. 

fuwBdvw, /iat>htToi*ai (S 



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198 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — OBEEK WOBDS. 



/KOJTJlOK. 

ni$-\ learn ; I. O. i. p. 
133. 

fuanttor, ri, oracle. 

yiayrwtla, q, Mantinea. 

pirns, pirruts, o, pro- 
phet, seer. 

paprtpim, ifitt (S. pap- 
rup*-\ bear witness. 

peurrVpia, ri, evidence. 

paprvs, piprvpot, 6, wit- 
ness. 

p&cml, ryos, 4, whip. 

pi-nfn, adv., in Tain. 

pixaipa, 4> sword. 

pixv, V, battle. 

pixopat, iaopm or ovpat 
(S.pa X *-\ fight; I. G. 
i. p. 130. 

peyaKTryopta, i), loast ful- 
ness. 

ptyaXiiyopos, oy, boastful. 

piyas, i\n, a, great 
I. O. i. p. 35. 

piyurros, y, oy, greatest ; 
irreg. superl. of piyas. 

piSy, ri, drunkenness. 

pi9ilp&y, or, idle. 

pt6-iypt, yam, give up, 
neglect. 

ptfhiarypi, ptraaryou, in 
Mid., remove, retire, 
cease from (with gen.). 
ptiiaKU, ptittru (S. pe9v-), 
make drunk ; I. G. i. p. 
133. 
ptiSdw, nofut.(S. fititta-), 

smile. 
pfi(*v, oy, greater ; irreg. 

comp. of piyas. 
piKas, aiva, ay, black. 

ii4\tt, n*Kyo-ti (s. ptbbiy), 

impers., it is a care 
(with dot.); I. G. i. p. 
130. 

ptkiry, ri, practice. 

pi\i, pitoros, ri, honey. 

piXtrra, y, bee. 

piwa, fiat* (S. p*Kk(*y), 
am about (to-do); to 
uiKKov, what is coming ; 



pyiuoToi. 

ra pikXovra, the fu- 
ture ; I. G. i. p. 130. 
Miprtiv, Miproyos, i, 
Memnon, an Ethiopian 
warrior. 
pifUpopai, tyoftat (S. p(pr-), 

blame. 
piy, indeed (usu. untrans- 

Utted). 
MtviXaos, 6, Menelaus, a 

Greek hero. 
piyrot, conj., nevertheless. 
Iiiya, ptyu (S. juc»(c)-), re- 
main ; I. G. i. p. 130. 
pipos, fitpovs, ri, part. 
plaos, 7i, oy, middle; to 
plaov, the midst, mode- 
ration. 
ptairys, ptairryros, y, 

moderation. 
peri, prep., with gen., 

with ; with ace., after. 
ptra-$d\Xu,0a\u, change. 
peraffoKy, y, change. 
ptra-aryao, fut. of pt$l- 

ornpu. 
piraWoy, ri, metal. 
ptrati, adv. and prep. 

with gen., between. 
peranrtpTm, +», send 

forth ; Mid., send for. 
pera-rtBypi, Byffa, change. 
pirptos, a, oy, moderate. 
perpias, adv., with mode- 
ration. 
pirpov, ri, measure, mo- 
deration. 
pixfh prep, with gen., as 

far as, until. 
Ii.il, not (see I. G. i. p. 56). 
MySeia, i), Medea, a Greek 

heroine. 
pySds, tula, iv, no, no-one, 

used with imper., Sfc. 
MijBov, t, Mede, also 
Medus, son of Acson 
and Medea. 
juij/ce'ri, adv., no longer. 
pyKurros, ti, or, longest; 
irreg. superl. of paxpis. 



p»t\is. 

pyxinim, Sva (S. pyictfv-'), 

lengthen. 
pyXov, ri, sheep. 
Iiip, pyvis, i, month. 
pyy, adv., surely, how- 
ever. 
prjvis, pyvios or py'vitos, 

ii, wrath. 
pyyiu, (Icra) m (S. pyvi-\ 
am angry with (with 
dot. of pars.), 
pyvtrys. i, informer. 
pyvbu, i(ra (S. pyvO-), re- 
veal. 
pywort, adv., never. 
pyru, adv., not yet, used 

with imper., <yc. 
pyrt, con;., neither ; pyWt 

— pyrt, neither — nor. 
p-tfryp, pyrpis, ii, mother. 
pyrpOTtoMs, TriXtits, 7\„ 

mother-city, capital. 
pyxaviopcu, •fyropai (S. 

/iTixava-), contrive. 
pla, one, fern, of els. 
piyrupt,pl( l a(S. piy-),m\x. 
pucpis, A, iv, small. 
Mi\y<ru>s, a, or, Milesian. 
Mlxy-ros, ti, the city of 
Miletns, in Asia Minor. 
yitXrtiSys, i, Miltiades, 

an Athenian general. 
thltXwv, MlXccvos, o, Milon 

or Milo, an athlete. 
ptpvyoicu, iurliau (S. pva-\ 
remind ; Mid., remem- 
ber. 
MWs, i, Minos, a Greek 

hero. 
pi<r4o, iiffu (S. iuat-\ hate. 
luffSis, i, pay, reward. 
/wo, pras, i), mina, a sum 

of money. 
Mvrinoffiyn, ft, Memory. 
iu>\7ti), i), song. 
/iiyoy, adv., only. 
fiiyos, 7), oy, alone. 
nip<ripos, oy, fated. 
Movcra, ii, Muse. 
pve\is, 6, marrow. 



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INDEX TO VOOABULA1UES. — GREEK WOBDS. 



199 



fivBos. 

pv$os, i, account. 
HivSios, a, oy. of-Myndus. 
WiySos, r), Myndus, a city 

of Caria. 
paiptis, dfios, 7), myriad, 

ten-thousand. 
fiipiot, at, a, ten-thousand. 
pip/ait, liipfiiiKos, i, ant. 
MwtiAVij, r), Mytilene, a 

city in Lesbos. 
pwpla, t), folly. 

Na^tas, a, ov, Naiian, of- 
Naxos, an island in tho 
Aegean Sea. 

vav/taxla, V, sea-fight. 

vavs, yds, r), ship ; I. 6. i. 
p. 33. 

vaimis, i, sailoT. 

vavratis, i), iv, naval. 

veavias, i, you ng-man. 

vtiieos, vtlxovs, ri, quarrel. 

vticpis, i, dead. 

vinvt, viicvos, i, dead-body, 
dead-person. 

fit/iia, if, Nemea, a place 
in Greece. 

ye/ucrts, ventcrtais, ti, ven- 
geance. 

vipue, y*i»& (S. vep^t)-), 
m Mid., dwell ; I. G. i. 
p. 130. 

vios, a, ov, young, new. 

vtirtis, FtoVijror, if, youth. 

THiffrmp, fiiaropos, 6, Nes- 
tor, a Greek hero. 

vt<p4Xr), ri, cloud. 

yeds, o, temple. 

vr)<ros, r), island. 

putdw, j)ffu (S. i/iito-), con- 
quer. 

vital, r), victory. 

Vivos, o, Ninus, an ancient 
Assyrian king. 

NiVos, t), Nineveh, in 
Assyria. 

voficds, vofiews, 6, herds- 
man, shepherd. 

vo/iifyi (lau>) i£ (S. vo/tib-), 
think, reckon. 



olitiu. 



vipos, i, law. 
vivos, v, disease, illness. 
yotriiSris, ts, diseased, un- 
wholesome. 



;ence. 



wholesome. 
vovs, i, mind, intellige 
NinQri, if, Nymph. 
vipupv, i), bride. 
vw, ado., now. 
vi(, voicris, 7), night. 
yd), vipv, dual of iyii. 
yarov, ri, back. 

Eavfliinros, t, Xaathippus, 
an Athenian. 

tav$is, i), 6v, yellow, 
golden-haired. 

Hvos, i, stranger. 

Uevo(pdvris, U(vo<pivovs, 6, 
Xenophanes, a Greek 
philosopher. 

BevoQuy, Etvotpuivros, i, 
Xenophon, a Greek his- 
torian and general. 

H^pfTjr, 6, Xerxes, a Per- 
sian king. 

(l<t>os, £l(povs, ri, sword. 

ti/iftaxos, see abunaxos. 

\vv-Bvt\<tko>, davoincu. die 
with (vrith dat.). 

i, r), ri, the 

i air is (air is), r) aiirt), ro 

abri, the same. 
oySoJiKovra, indect., eighty. 
tySoos, n, ov, eighth. 
iSt, fjtit, riSt, this. 
SSis, i), way, journey, 

path. 
Hois, iSivros, 6, tooth. 
'Otvaatis, 'Otvaaitts, i, 

Odysseus or Ulysses, a 

Greek hero. 
oJSo, irreg. perf. (S. IS-), 

know ; I. G. i. p. 140. 
Oltlirovs, OlSlroSos, i, 

Oedipus, king of Thebes. 
oiKtTos, a, ov, of-one's-own. 
o'mirris, i, slave. 
Oixite, riant (S. oiKt-), 

dwell, arrange. 



tfivvpi. 

olnnrr)pwy, ri, habita- 
tion. 
oMa, ti, house. 
olxotofifu, 7\aw (S. OIKO- 

Sofit-), build. 
oTkoi, adv., at home. 
oIkos, i, house. 
oltcrttpa, epu> (S. oltcrep-), 

pity. 
olvos, 6, wine. 
oto/xai, oir)cro/aai (S. ol(t)-), 

think ; I. G. i. p. 

130. 
oXat», fut. of <p4po>. 
olxo/uu, 7)at>iuu, perf. 

^X»K» (S. oix(e», am 

undone. 
hitraKtax^iot, at, a, eight 

thousand. 
{Afros, a, oy, happy. 
6A0os, i, happiness, 

wealth. 
SAtSpos, i, destruction. 
oKiyapxla, V, oligarchy 

(i.e. government in the 

hands of a few). 
iAiyos, if, oy, few ; (of 

time) short; as adv., a 

little. 
vAAvfu, (tiK(ffot) oKw (S. 

i\- and b\e-), destroy ; 

I. G. i. p. 127. 
i\0(pipoiuu, poS/iai (S. 

bko<pvp-), pity. 
'OAu/MTi'a, i), Olympia, a 

town in Elis. 
'OAv/xmAs, 'OAvumiSos, r), 

Olympiad. 
'0\timtos, a, ov, Olym- 
pian. 
"OAu/mtoj, i, Olympus. 
'Oixripos, i, Homer, the 

poet. 
ifil\4u, rjau (S. dfuAe-), 

associate. 
SfitAos, i, crowd. 
ifi^a, uwiaros, ri, eye. 
6/ivvfn, ofunifuu (S. ill-, 

o/to~), swear ; I. G. i. p. 

128. 



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200 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GBBEK WORDS. 



luol3S. 

Sfiaiot, a, or, like (with . 
dot.). I 

iu-iiiet, <i<r» (S. ifLOtO-), 
liken. ! 

iftiroto, q, harmony. 

frqms, oriiatms, q, advan- 
tage. I 

Wnvu, orb<r» (S. iro-), 
benefit ; in Mid., hare 
advantage -, oralfint, ' 
may I be happy ; I. G. i. ' 
p. 123. 

Sro/ia, orijiaros, ri, name. 

irnndfa, am (S. orn/uiS-), 
name, call. 



vvos, i, ass. 



tilon, 



vrv{, aruxos, i, 

claw, 
of v9ifj.ot, or, qnick-to- : 

anger. ] 

o£u.v, tta, v, sharp. | 

tin), ad-., whither. i 

6*\fri)s, i, heavy-armed- ] 

man. j 

Sw\or, ri, weapon ; in pi. ! 

arms. 
Siroi, (k/b., whither. ' 

bilious, q, or, how great, i 

how much, how many, j 
ow6rar, adv. and conj., 

whenever (used only '■ 

with sub]'.). | 

bxSre, adv. and eon;., when- ; 

ever. \ 

Swov, adv., where. 
ow&pa, r), harvest. i 

owns, adv. and conj., in 

order that, how. j 

Apia, fyo/uu, see, look ; 

I. G. i. p. 136. ' 

opyll, V, anger. ^ I 

ipyifa, tm (S. opytS~), , 

make angry, exasperate ; 

Mid. am angry. 
'Opfarvs, 6, Orestes, an 

Argive hero. 
bpQ6'j>, tii(rw (S. opOo-), 

raise up. 
ipSus, ad''., rightly. I 

ipifa, iira and ia (S. tpiS-), j 



appoint ; n if id., define. ' 
Spmos, t, oath. 
Sorter, ri, bird. ' 

Sprit, SprZhs, i and q, 

bird. j 

tprv/u, Spam (S. op-), rouse ; 

L G. i. p. 128. I 

Spot, Spans, ri, mountain. : 
S/nvt, Sprvyos, S and if, 

quail. I 

•Opptvs, 'Op-pirns, i, Or- 
pheus, a Greek fabulous ' 

personage. 
Satos, a, or, holy. 
Saos, q, or, as great as, as 

many as. j 

tawtp, fpttp, twtp, the very ' 

one who. j 

"Ocrtra, 4, the mountain , 

Ossa. { 

Sarior (ovr), ov, ri, bone. 
Saris, ijTis, S rt, whoso- 
ever, whatsoever. 
Srar, conj., when, used with 

sabj. j 

Src, conj-, when. 
Srt, conj., that, because ; 

not translated before a . 

dependent speech in the 

Oratio Recta. [ 

tram, for ourms, liar trot, I 

gen. of Saris. '• 

orpvru, orpSrm (S. or pvr~), 

urge. ] 

oitctfuis, adv., in no wise. ' 
obti, conj., neither, nor, 

nor yet. 
oiStls, ovtepda, ovSir, no , 

one, nothing. 
ovSetrore, adv., never at , 

any time. I 

ovScrtpos, a, or, neither of 

the two. 
ouKeri, adv., no longer, not j 

yet. 
ovkwv, adv., therefore. 
oJV, adv., then, therefore. 
oSrort, adv., never. 
oSra, adv., not yet. 
oiparis, i, heaven. 



xapa-Pd\Xm. 

ois, iris, ri, ear. 

ovala, q, property. 

oCrt, adv., neither, nor. 

oiros, aurn, rovro, this. 

oSrm, adv., so. 

ocJwUm, qV« (S. wptA-), 
owe ; I. G. L p. 130. 

i<pt\os, ovs, ri, profit, 
advantage. 

ofdaXitis, S, eye. 

o<j»s, Siptms, S and q, ser- 
pent. 

tytos, o, or, late; I. G. i. 
p. 36, Obs. 3 (like /iiaos). 

tyo/tat, see ipam, I. G. i. 
p. 136. 

o+or, ri, seasoning. 

wiBos, sritovs, ri, passion. 
waiar, wcuaros, i, paean. 
waiSfia, q, instruction, 

edncation. 
waititvu, aw (S. wai&ev-), 

teach, bring np. 
waiSior, ri, little child, 
wait, i and q, boy, girl, 

son, child. 
xdAcu, adv., formerly. 
ToXxuis, A, ir, old, ancient. 
waXalarpa, q, wrestling 

school. 
rd\ir, adv., again. 
rifiwoKvs, voAAq, xoXv, 

very much, very great. 
xarovpyla, q, villany. 
Tarrt\&s, adv., altogether. 
srarroios, a, or, manifold, 

of all sorts. 
rdVv, adv., altogether. 
xarvararos, q, or, last of 

all. 
xoxtos, i, grandfather. 
stapi, prep, with gen., fro' 

by; nith dot., wi 

among ; with ace., 

contrary to. 
vapa- $airt», (Hiaop 

transgress. 
*<uk>-/3<IXA», /3oA£, cot 

pare. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— GREEK WORDS. 



201 



xap-ayye AAw. 

■srap-aryyeWa,. e\u, give 
orders, charge. 

irapASiHTos, i, pleasure- 
ground. 

v-apa-St'oa^u, Sibffta, hand- 
over, consign. 

xap-mvca, ina (S. xap- 
aive-), advise. 

■wapwcaraSiimi, i), trust. 

rapa-K\(irr<ii, ijia, steal 
covertly. 

XldpaXoa, 6, Paralus, an 
Athenian. 

■rapa-nAta, KAcitro/uu and 
•wXtvffoviuUj sail by. 

xaparrKr)irios, a, ov, similar. 

irapa"dYf , lh ^> parasang 
(about a league). 

Trapa~<TK€ud(u, <rw (S. irapa- 
ffKtvaS-), prepare, make- 
preparations. 

Trapa-trrfou, fut. of trapi- 
arriiu. 

irapa-riBrifu, 0i)<Tw, set- 
before, grant (with dat. 
of pers.). 

•wapa.-Tptx w , Spafiovfuu (S. 
-rapa-rpex, - Sptu-), 
pass-by ; I. G. i. p. 136. 

irapa-<pcpw, rapolffa, carry- 
past. 

ndp-fifu (c'VQ) 4o~o/uu, be 
present. 

irdp-cifxi (eT/u), will pass 
by, enter. 

imp-ix">, {«, grant, bring, 
display. 

irap64vos, r), virgin, 
maiden. 

nap-lrifu, i)<ru, let pass 
by. 

vap-lo"rn/u, xapa-ari)tru, 
make to stand by, assist, 
place by, raise, cause ; 
mtrans., stand by ; perf. 
part, Trapftrrt&s or Ttap- 
e<rrT)K<i!, used as adj., 
present. 

wap-o(i»o>, Svi (S. wap- 
o(iv-), exhort. 



ITeAoiroi'njo'uuciJs. 

rap^ptiala, r), boldness. 
toj, rcaffa, xay, all, every. 
xcl<rx», xdo-ofuu (S. Ttaax; 

rsfi(e)-, xtvi-), suffer; 

(I xdax", I >"> well 

used, well off, fare well ; 

I. G. i. p. 134. 
merit, <<r« (S. xot«-), 

tread. 
xary\p, xarpis, i, father. 
xarpl s, xarplios, r), native- 
land, country. 
ndrpoxXos, ov, i, Patro- 

clus, a Greek hero. 
Tcarpfos, a, or, paternal. 
w&ttoXos, i, peg. 
Tlavaavlas, i, Pausanias, a 

Lacedaemonian king. 
xavta, <r« (S. xau-), make 

to cease ; Mid., xaio/mi, 

cease (with gen.). 
xiSri, t), fetter. 
xeSiov, ri, plain. 
xetBu, tta, xixotOa (S. 

»i0-), persuade ; in Mil., 

xttBopai, obey, trust 

(iritt dat). 
xtiBi, xetBovs, y, per- 
suasion. 
xttvia, i)au (S. X(iva-), 

hunger. 
Xleipaieis, Wtipatias, 6, 

Peiraeus, the port of 

Athens. 
iretpdto, ixrta, try, prove ; 

m Mid., irtipdop-at, 

iffofuu, try. 
irclpa, (tpai) (S. «■«(>-), 

pierce. 
Tlft<riiTTpaTlSj)s, i, Peisis- 

tratid, son of Peisis- 

tratus, an Athenian 

tyrant. 
x4\ayos, r6, sea. 
xtXapy&s, 6, stork. 
Uf\oiciias, 6, Pelopidas, a 

Theban. 
TltXoTcavirqauui&s, t), 6v, 

Tl(\oxovvr)o , ios, a, ov, 

Peloponnesian. 



xept-riSrHu. 

TleAoxAwtiaos, t), the pen- 
insula of Peloponnesus. 

*€Xtoot^j, 6, peltast, a 
light-armed soldier. 

x4/ixtos, tj, ov, fifth. 

iciftra, t|fl», perf. x4xo/upa 
(S. xe/ae-), send. 

x4vt)s, tis, poor. 

x<v04u, i,aw (S. xtv8c-\ 
mourn. 

vevla, tj, poverty. 

mvraiuoxlKioi, ai, a, five 
thousand. 

x€vtok6o~ioi, at, a, five 
hundred. 

x4vrt, indecl., five. 

TrcvTfKaiStKa, indecl., fif- 
teen. 

■nfirriiKovTa, indecl., fifty. 

xtpaivta, avS> (S. TfpaV~), 
finish. 

irtpas, iriparos, ri, end. 

xepSi(, xipSixos, i and r), 
partridge. 

irepf, prep., trith ace., 
around, near, off; with 
gen., concerning, for. 

Tcept-fid\Xu, 0aAu>, sur- 
round. 

xept~ypdtpu, tyu, define. 

irtpi-u&ov, fr. (xepiopdw). 

xtpi-eifu, will go-round. 

XltpiKKris, TIcptK\4ovs, 6, 
Pericles, an Athenian 
statesman. 

xeptopda, tyonai, over- 
look; I. G. i. p. 136. 

Ttpi-vlyrrw, iraroifuti, fall 
beside, among, or upon. 

ir(pi-fi-p4a (S. irtpip'p'tF-, 
^w-), pvr)tTo-p.at, fevffo- 
pat, fiow-round, fall 
away. 

irtpiaatiu, ant (S. mpitr- 
aev-\ am superfluous ; 
ra TrfpiffatvovTa, super- 
fluity. 

xtpurrtpd, r), dove. 

nept-rlBrifiu, (Wjcrco, ptit- 
around. 



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202 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— GREEK WORDS. 



Wfpt-rp4x", tpanovfuu (S. 
rtpt-rptx; -*P*M-)i run - 
round {see rp4xa, !• G. 
i. p. 136). 

Tlepcrrfs, Tltpaiut, 6, Per- 
seus, n Greek hero. 

Xlepa«pirti, y, the goddess 
Persephone or Proser- 
pine. 

Tltpmis, i, a Persian. 

Xltpaucis, 4i, if, Persian. 

w4rpa, i), rock. 

Uriyai, at, Pegae, a town 
in Greece. 

nry4i, y, fonntnin. 

»4yn;/u, x^fw (S. ■Kay-), 
fix, fasten ; I. G. i. p. 
128. 

Tinpfo, a\ 6v, bitter, sor- 
rowful. 

■wiinrXniiu, *\4)<ru (S. xAa-), 
fill ; I. G. i. p. 123. 

■wtyas, xio/uu (S. «• also 
xo-), drink ; I. G. i. p. 
136. 

rtrpdaxct (S. xpa-), &xo- 
Siicrofmi used as fut., 
sell ; see I. G. i. p. 135. 

xlxrw, thtoviuu (S. xrr-), 
fall; I. G. i.p. 137. 

wurrtiu, an (S. wurrev), 
trust (tcith dot.). 

riaris, xfrrrewi, 4, faith, 
confidence. 

maris, 4\, in, faithful. 

virvs, irirvos, ij, pine. 

nxaratal, Sr, ai, Plataeae, 
a city of Greece. 

n\aratcis, nAaraitW, oi, 
Plataeans. 

xAdVayos, 4, plane-tree. 

H\(£t(i)v, nxirtDTOS, i, 
Plato, the Greek philo- 
sopher. 

*x4Bpoy, ri, plethrum 
(100 feet). 

wXetoros, ij, oy, most, 
irreg. superl. of iroXis. 

xAeW, or, more, irreg. 
comp. of voXis. 



■wo\titl(u. 

k\4ko, {» (S. vAck-X 

wreathe, plait, twist. 
v\4ov, adv., more. 
xA<opc{lo, %, covetousness, 

avarice. 
■wXtvpd, 4, side. 
■xx4u, ir\€v<rofwu andvXtv- 

aov/uu (S. rXu-), sail; 

I. G. i. p. 137. 
xAiry4> Vt blow. 
xAqtfoj, xA^flous, ri, mul- 
titude. 
x\V> prep, with gen., and 

adv., except. 
xA^njj, «, full (irith gen.). 
rrKnpiu, ilia a (S. vXtipo-), 

satisfy. 
TA7)<rid£», o-o» (S. xAi)- 

crioJ-), approach. 
tr\i)aiov, ado., near. 
*A<}trcra>, {» (S. ' xA?)7-), 

strike. 
xAofr, 6, voyage. 
xAoiifftoj, a, ov, rich. 
•wXour4w, 4\fftu (S. xAoyre-), 

am rich. 
xAoSros, i, wealth. 
IiXovray, JlXoiruvos, i, 

the god Pluto. 
xWw, •wvev'aofuu and icyfu- 

aovpm (S. mm-), blow ; 

I. G. i. p. 137. 
to?, interr. adv., whither? 
Violas, Tlolayros, i, Poeas, 

a Greek hero. 
roifu, s)aa (S. vote-), do, 

make. 
roll/put, ■xorfifttrros, ri, 

poem. 
irotrrrlis, 6, poet. 
notpfiv, TtotjUyos, i, shep- 
herd. 
roXtfiiw, 4\au (S. xoAejie-), 

make-war-upon, war- 

with (with dat.). 
woXfiiiCw {poet, for xoAe- 

fi4u), <f » Doric (S. xoAe- 

/xiB- : the fut. is formed 

as if from S. xoAc/uy-), 

go-to-war. 



Tort/to*. 

rox4/uos, 6, enemy, hostile. 
niXe/ios, 6, war. 
iraXtopKiu, t)aa (S. xoAi- 

opKe-), besiege. 
woXtopxia, 7), siege. 
iriKts, x<f A*e»j,i,city, state. 
xoAirffa, 4> common- 
wealth. 
xoA^rjjj, i, citizen. 
troXXdxis, adv., often. 
■woXvaixtyos, oy, many- 
necked. 
TloX&yyurros, 6, Polygno- 

tus, a Greek painter. 
HoXvStiicris, TloXvtievKOvs, 

6, the god Pollux. 
xoAurr^t, 4s, full-of-years. 
TtoXuKOtpayii),poet.{ = xoAu- 

Koipayia), ij, multitude- 

of-rulers. 
xoAvAoyos, oy, talkative. 
noXvvtliait, i, Polynices, 

son of Oedipus, king of 

Thebes. 
TtoXvowla, 4, drunkenness. 
■noXvxoyos, oy, laborious. 
roXis, xoAA^, xoA<i, many, 

much ; I. G. i. p. 35. 
xoAwT«A<t, 4s, expensive. 
■woyitp, 4iaa (S. woyt-), 

labour. 
mnnipis, i, 6y, evil, wicked. 
iriyos, i, labour, toil, 

trouble. 
■noptvu, o*« (S. ropev), 

carry ; in Mid., wopeio- 

fiai, travel. 
XlooetSuy, Xloatitiwyos, i, 

the god Poseidon or 

Neptune. 
■wora/jiis, 6, river. 
xoV«, interr. adv., when ? 
xore', adv., mdef., ever, at- 

some - time - or - other, 

once-upon-a-time. 
xoVepo, adv., whether. 
v&rfpoy, adv., whether. 
irirepos, a, oy, whether-of- 

the-two {llat. uter). 
Tort/ios, i\, ov, drinkable. 



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INDEX TO VOCABTJLABIES. — GREEK WORDS. 



203 



wotoV. 

war Ay, rA, drink. 

icotAs, ^, Ay, drunk, for 
drinking, fluid. 

rovs, iroSAs, A, toot. 

rpay/M, irpiypuros, rA, 
affair, thing, deed. 

*pa{u, irpHeus, fi, action. 

icpaos (i.r irpatis), cub, ttpaoy 
(or A), mild, gentle, 
tame ; I. G. i. p. 35. 

*paTT(a<r)u, {» (S. xjwy-), 
do, fare. 

■Kpixa, tyw rare (S. xpc*-), 
am conspicuous, excel ; 
irpiirei, impers., it be- 
hoves, is fitting (with 
dot. of pcrs.). 

wpHrfkia, ri, embassy. 

uptafivs, vpitrfieat, A, old- 
man, also ambassador. 

vpcffffv-rtpos, A, elder ; 
comp. of wp4(r$us. 

irply, adv., before. 

wp6, prep, with gen., 
before. 

■rpAfrarov, -ri, sheep. 

vpiywos, A, ancestor. 

Trpo-tiiSatfu, $'Jhtw, 1 aor. 
rpolSuKa, betray. 

TpoSorris, A, traitor, be- 
trayer. 

rpA-cifU (fr. tt/u, ibo), go, 
go forward. 

Trpo-ipXopuu, (Keiaoimi, 
go-before. 

Tcp&OOfios, on, zealous, of 
good cheer. 

rpo-1ffuu, t,Goiuu (titfu ; 
I. G. i. p. 118), throw 
away. 

UpoieKijs, Tlpon\covs, A, 
Procles, a Lacedaemo- 
nian. 

TIpAxyn, ij, Procne. 

Tlpopridfis, llpop.T\Q{as, A, 
Prometheus, a Greek 
hero. 

Trpopiflia, % forethought. 

irpAvoia, t\, providence, 
forethought. 



■KTtponAs. 

lrpA-oiSa, know-before- 
hand. 

irpo-in\\axlfo, tffw (S. xpo- 
injXiotiS-), insult. 

Ttpis, prep., with ace., to, 
towards ; with dot., on, 
in addition to '; with gen., 
from. 

■Kpoa-PKiirw, tya, look to. 

wpocr-S4xofuu, {ojuai, ex- 
pect. 

trpotr-hi^w/jLi, 5«<rcc, give- 
in-addition. 

npoa-SoKda, 4\o~u (S. itpoa- 
Soica-), expect. ' 

npoV-ci/ii, will go-to, ap- 
proach. 

upon^Kin, am fitting. 

TtpoaivrAs, Av, attached. 

wpoa-\afi0dyu, XrjifiopMt, 
take-in-addition. 

irpoo--filymfu, /ii(a>, ap- 
proach, hold intercourse 
with (with dat.). 

irpoVoSot, %, revenue. 

Ttpoa-nlmw, n«roifia:, fall- 
down-before. 

Trpoff-Toiovfuu, 1i<T(ifiai, 

pretend. 

■xpoa-riaaa, (a, assign, 
order. 

TrpotT-riSripu, 6tftru, add. 

vpocr-<pipai, oiaai, bring-to. 

TtpAjspov, adv., before. 

vpo-rWttfjLi, Bfaw, 1 aor. 
■KpoSfaiKa, put forth, ex- 
pose, set-forth. 

irpAtpaffis, irpotpdarcws, tj, 
excuse. 

irpo<pr)Ttvw, aw, 1 aor. irpo- 
eipifTtvaa (S. rpo<piiTev\ 
prophesy. 

irpo0iJTTjs, A, prophet. 

TlparayApas, 6, Prot'i goras, 
a Greek sophist. 

irpuros, y, oy, first. 

nrepoV, tA, feather, wing. 

x-rcpi/f, irripvyos, i), wing. 

trrtpurAs, ij, Ay (also As, 
An), winged. 



3<t/U05. 

TlTohtixaios, A, Ptolemaens, 
a Macedonian king. 

wruxAs, ij, Ay, poor, beg- 
garly. 

TIvBayApas, A, Pythagoras, 
a philosopher. 

nv\iSns, A, Pyladcs. 

*i\V, ft, gate. 

irvyBdyofiai (S. xB0-)j treA- 
<ro/mt, learn, enquire ; 
I. G. i. p. 133. 

Trlp,irvp6s, tA, fire. 

rvpd, f/, pyre. 

Tcioyos, A, tower. 

Uvp'fios, A, Pyrrhus, king 
of Epirus. 

»£, interr. adv., where ? »», 
adv., enclit. particle, yet. 

t&Kos, A, foal ; also as a 
proper name, Polus. 

itm, interr. adv., how ? 

jtiPSos, r), wand. 
'PoSrf/taWtos, A, Rhndaraan- 

thus, a fabulous person- 
age. 
l>ASios, a, ov, easy. 
fatiws, adv., easily. 
pevfia, ' jxi/iaTos, ri, 

stream. 
piw, feAaofim, flow ; I. G. 

i. p. 137. 
ffiymiu, jW,£a>, break, rend ; 

I. G. i. p. 128. 
pirropimj (sc. rixyrj), v, 

rhetoric, the art of 

speaking. 
jr/frap, frfrropos, A, orator. 
£(<>, it, root. 
piin-w, <//<» (S. (SuJ)-), hurl. 
fiASov, tA, rose, 
poif, fit stream. 
f,At!a\ov, tA, club. 
'Pwfiaios, a, oy, Roman. 
JMjnp.il, t), strength. 

HaXapis, %a\afuyos, tj, 

the island of Salamis. 
aiXiciyt, yyos, ti, trumpet. 
iifuos, A, Samian. 



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204 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WORDS. 



Sipairts. 

Upenru, ZapdiriSos, y, 

Serapis, an Egyptian 

deity. 
ZapSociirdAos, d, Sardana- 

palu.s, an Assyrian king. 
2ap5w, 2aptovs, r), the 

island of Sardinia. 
trdpt, trapicis, 7), ilqsh. 
Sapos, i, Sarus, a river of 

Cilicia. 
aarpixris, i, satrap. 
vapfc, is, plain, sore* 
arfiivruiu, ofiiau (S. <r/9«-)t 

extinguish ; I. 0. i. p. 

126. 
ff€avrov, rjs, ov, of thyself, 

thy own. 
<t40o/uu, no fat. (S. <rej3-), 

worship, revere. 
ffeipdy rj, rope, trace. 
<ri\as, aiXaos, ri, light. 
ffeAifvij, ^, moon. 
2c^€\ij, »), Semele, a Greek 

heroine. 
trqixtiov, ri, sign. 
o-ij/uepov, aa"i>., to-day. 
ovya, adv., silently. 
aiyJi, 7), silence. 
ffiSripos, 6, iron, sword. 
StKtKta, r), the island of 

Sicily. 
2iKe\6s, if, iv, Sicilian. 
iiKviv, SiKviyos, >/, 

Sicyon, a Greek city. 
otros, i, food, corn. 
<ri<vr io>, t)(ro/uu (S. ffiawo-), 

am silent. 
cnoixif, ^, silence. 
<T(ci>ti)\<(j, if, <fv, silent. 
fficcSawv/u, (oTteSiffw) 

<rxeSu (S. o-«5a-), 

scatter ; 1 G. i. p. 126. 
ovccAss, SKeXojs, ri, leg. 

J'ass. tV«ifi.ui (S. 

(Tkcit-X di-rise, consider. 
ancriyrj, i), tent. 
<tkio, ^, shade. 
OKOxiu, ifffoi (S. «)«-), 

consider. 



oroptyyv/u, 

BKonis, 6, watchman. 

o-koVos, ov, o ; sometimes 
gen. axirrovs, ri, dark- 
ness. 

2xvfo)j, 6, Scythian. 

2jcv0mco's, if, ov, Scythian. 

2ifAwv, Zo'Awor, i, Solon, 
an Athenian sage. 

vis, ffjf, triy, thy, thine. 

ffixfxa, ii, wisdom. 

<roipurrr)s, i, sophist. 

StipoKkr)s, Sof»K\io»s, if 
Sophocles, a tragic poet., 

votpis, if, ir, wise. 

trwavlets, adv., seldom. 

XirdpTi), r), the city of 
Sparta. 

irapriirris, i, Spartan. 

impriarutis, if, ov, Spar- 
tan. 

oitfipu, epw (S. ffvcp-), 
scatter, sow. 

BTtvSu, ov (S. cireuS-), 
hasten. 

ottovSi), i, treaty. 

(nrovScuot, o, ov, diligent. 

oriXioy, to 1 , stadium (about 
a furlong). 

o-ra$ftis, i, stage. 

ffraffu££o>, o-a>(S.<rraffiaS-), 
am aWariauce. 

ariais, ar&Bius, j), fac- 
tion. 

ffr« , yoy,ffTe'*)*0(/s,To', abode. 

o-reAAw, f€r/. tcrraXxa (S. 
<rr«A-), equip. 

artviy, ri, narrow strait. 

arip&i/os, i, crown. 

crrttpaviw, <iaw (S. art- 
<payo-), crown. 

(ttiJAi), i), pillar, monu- 
ment. 

Sryalxopos, i, Stesi- 
chorus, a Greek poet. 

ffrod, t), portico. 

aroixttov, ri, element 

oroAij, i), drcs«, robe. 

trripa, <rriparos, ri, 
mou h. 

cropiyyufu, (trropiffu) <rro- 



(rvfifmxla. 

pa> (S. <rropf-% spread- 
out, smooth ; I. G. i. p. 
126. 

(TTpdrev/M, arparcu^arcos, 
ri, army. 

crrpardw, cat (S. crrpa- 
t€w), march. 

arpanryicc, ifo"» (S. err par 
riryt-), am general-over 
(with gen.). 

CTpar-nyis, i, general. 

CTooTtd, hi army, arma- 
ment. 

arparuirris, i, soldier. 

arpnr&wehov, ri, camp. 

arparos, t, army. 

arpibyyvfii, ffrpt&aw, spread 
out, smooth (see oropiv- 
yv/u, I. G. i. p. 127). 

crrvXos, i, piilar. 

<Trv<p\is, iv, rugged. 

ai, <rov, thou. 

crvyyeyrjs, is, kindred, 
kinsman. 

avyyryy&aiua, yydwoiuu, 
2 aor. crvvcyyuy, pardon. 

truyyfxupcvs, cvyypatpiws, 
i, historian. 

avy-KoKia, iaa, 1 aor. avy- 
(K&Kcaa, call-together. 

crvy~KVKaa, tf aw, 1 aor. ffwv- 
(xviaicra (S. crvynvxa-), 
throu'-into-con:usion. 

aoy-xio), fut. x«'», ««, «, 

1 aor. o-uvf'x'o, con- 
found. 

triry-xibpTltris, avyxu- 

p)fo"ca)t, t), consent. 
criKoy, ri, fig. 
ffvK-\afjfidya, \rtyofuu, 

2 aor. crvyfXa&ov, seize, 
help ("ith do/.). 

o-un-$i\Xa, $a\&, 2 aor. 
<nW.3aA.ov, engage (iciM 
t/««.). 

ovfi-PouKevw, ffu, 1 aor. 
ovvefioitKcvoa, advice. 

<rv/i0t>uAta, t), counsel, ad- 
vice. 

avmiaxia, i), alliance. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WORDS. 



205 



<rv/ifiaxos, i, ally. 

ovu-rrlryvviu, »?;{<■>, com- 
pound. 

avu-niyu, wlouai, 2 aor. 
ovytmoy, drink-with. 

ffvfmitrtoy, to, feast. 

vvfupopd, y, misfortune. 

a&y, prep. Kith dat., » ith. 

avv-ava-yiyvt&aKu, yy<&- 
oojiuu, read-together- 
with. 

ovv-av^dya {<rvvav£w), 

au(y<rat, incroase-to- 
gether-with, help-to- 
increase. 

aiytats, avytatus, y, in- 
telligence. 

cvyByxy, y, treaty. 

(rvv-'umifu, <jwrjj<ra>, 

make-to-consist, get to- 
gether; intrant., consist ; 
in Mid., ineet-togcther. 

aiy-otSa, am privy-to (»t'ti 
dat. ofpers.); I. G. i. p. 
140. 

avy-TlSy/u, Byaw, compose 

avyro/ios, oy, short. 

<rvy-Tpi<pu, Opfyai, bring 
up with. 

ffw-rvyxdytt, T(i(ofuu, 
fall in with (with dat.). 

SvpaxoVioi, ay, ol, Syra- 
cusans. 

'XvpAxovsai, a!, Syracuse. 

avs, crvis, 6 and y, boar, 
sow, swine. 

<rvtrx€vSot, <rw, assist. 

<rvarii<rw, fut. of avyl- 
ory/ii. 

a<pa£w, {» (S. <r<pay-), 
kill. 

a<paipa, ii, globe. 

o-<pd*Au>, <r^>oX£, ruin. 

2<piyl, iipiyyis, y, Sphinx, 
a fabulous monster. 

<r<t>payls, TSos, y, seal, 
signet. 

c<pd, o<p$y, dual of <ri. 

axvpa, aros, r6, form. 

ax<»^l, y, school, leisure. 



retxos. 

(Tufa, fTtijtrb) (S. ffa-), save, 
keep, preserve. 

iwKpdrys, iaKpirovs (ace. 
•nj or ttjv), t. Sot-rates, 
an Athenian philosopher. 

auua, oti/ueros, t6, body. 

(Turnip, (Turiipos, i, pre- 
server, saviour. 

aonypia, y, safety. 

craxppoyas, adv., prudently. 

ouxppoaivy, y, prudence. 

ffwtppwv, oy, prudent. 

riXamoy, ri, talent. 
f&Kat, ojco, ay, wretched. 
Ta/ilas, i, steward. 
Tdvaypa, y, Tanagra, a 

town in Boeotia. 
Tdyals, TaydiSos, i, the 

river Tanais (Don). 
TdvraKos, i, Tantalus, a 

fabulous personage. 
raiiapxos, i, captain. 
Tofu, t^cws, y, rank. 
Taxavo's, if, 6v, humble. 
rarreiv6n>, aaw (S. to- 

we (vo~), humble. 
rap&o-crto, (a (S. TOpox-), 

throw-into-confusioD. 
rapixdu, aa> (S. rapixev-\ 

embalm. 
riaaa, {<b (S. T07-), ar- 
range, post, assign. 
ravpos, 6, bull. 
Tavrd, for T(k aini, fr. 6 

airris. 
Tatptiy, 2 aor. inf. of 6i.it- 

TO). 

rd(pos, 6, tomb. 

Tax«W, adv., swiftly, 

quickly. 
rdxio-ra, superl. adv., very 

swiftly. 
raxvs, fia, i, swift. 
Tax", adv., quickly. 
raws, 6, peacock. 
t«x^<», iw (S. tux'S-), 

fortify. 
T*ix os * Teixovs, t6, wall, 

fortification. 



tIktu. 

rtKvov, t6, child. 

Tfkia, iau (S. rt\f), 
fulfil. 

Tt\fvrdu, ■fiaa (S. TtXtv- 
toc-), biing-to-an-end 
(i. e. fiiov), die. 

Ttuva, Tf/ia, cut, lay- 
waste; I. G. i. p. 
131. 

T^un), ret, indcel., the 
valley of Tempe, in 
Thcssaly. 

Tipas, TipaTos, t6, wonder, 
prodigy. 

Ttprwyis, -rf, iv, pleasant. 

Tip-tyts, Tfpifitws, y, enjoy- 
ment. 

TtaaapAKovra, indecl., 

forty. 

T^Tapros, y, oy, fourth. 

TtTpdicis, num. ado. four 
times. 

TfTpaKKTX^'Oi, at, a, four- 
thousand. 

Terpoxiaiai, 01, a, four- 
hundred. 

TiTpdnovs, ovv, four- 
footed. 

Tirpapxla, y, tetrarchy. 

T{TT(aa)apfs, a, four. 

TtTTiJ, T^TTiyos, 6, grass- 
hopper. 

t<X"I, V> art- 

Texrfrys, i, artist, arti- 
san. 

Tijmo, {» (S. tijk-), melt. 

Ty\f/wxos, 6, Telemachus, 
son of Odysseus. 

Ty\iKovTos, airy, oiho, so 
great. 

Trjyos, y, Tenos, a Greek 
island. 

Typtis, Typ4us, S, Tereus, 
a king of Thrace. 

tI, interr. adv., why ? 

TiOyiii, dfoto (S. 6(-), place, 
give, enact, put, insti- 
tute, account, make, 

TiOufis o Tithnnus. 

tIktu, T((ouai (S. T€*C-), 



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206 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WORDS. 



rikXct. 

produce, bear, lay ; I. G. 
i. p. 138. 
tIaa», tiAw, 1 aor. trtka 

(S. t<A-), pluck. 
riftia, f((ro» (S. Tipa-X 

honour. 
Ti/ij, q, honour. 
rlfuos, a, ov, valuable, dear. 
Tifuepia, i), vengeance, 
rlvw, riow (S. ti-), pay; 

I. G. i. p. 131. 
rh, ri, interr. pron., who ? 

what? 
■TO, ti, intief. pron., any, 

a certain (Lat. quidam). 
Tialas, i, Tisias, a Greek 

philosopher. 
Turtrcuptpvys, liaaafyip- 

yovs, i, Tissaphernes, a 

Persian general. 
rrrp&fficu, Tp«S<r»(S. rpa-\ 

wound; I. G. i. p. 

135. 
[r\ia], Tkfieroiuu, dare, 

endure. 
rAj/iuv, ov, wretched. 
toioCtos, avri], ovro, dem. 

pron., such, of-such-a- 

kind. 
ToX/idoi, ifcrai, dare. 
T<!{cv/ia, ro^fifiaros, TO, 

bow. 
Tofeiw, <r« (S. To{eu-), 

shoot, slay (with a bow). 
rooovros, aim\, ovro, so- 
great, such. 
totc, adv., then. 
rpay<fSla, fi, tragedy. 
Tp(fire£a, % table. 
rpav/ia, rpaifiaros, ri, 

wound. 
rpaxvs, (7a, i, rough. 
rpcts, rpia, three. 
rpixta, rptyu, 2 aor. trpa- 

rrov (S. Tpeir-), turn, 

put-to-flight ; Mid., go 

over to another party, 

change. 
rp4<bo>, Sptyw (rp4f-), rear. 
rpiaKorra, indecl., thirty. 



v/iirfpos. 

rpuuciaioi, at, a, three 

hundred. 
rprlipiis, rptfjpeot, out, y, 

trireme, a galley with 

three banks of oars. 
rpUrovs, ovv, three-footed. 
rpit, num. adv., thrice. 
TpiffKoiSfKa, thirteen. 
rpifffiipioi, at, a, thirty 

thousand. 
rpitrxfAioi, at, a, three 

thousand. 
rpiros, ti, ov, third. 

rptxi^'J^- of flpi'l- • 

Tpoia, ri, the city of Troy. 

Tporoioi', ri, trophy. 

rpiros, i, in sin /. or /.fur., 
manner, character. 

rpoipii, i), victuals. 

rpiiya, (■'/mi, 2 aor. trpa- 
yov (S. rpay-), gnaw. 

Tpds, Tpuos, 6, Trojan. 

rvyxivu, rci^o/mi (S. 
tux-), meet-with, ob- 
tain (>rtfA gen.) ; I. G. i. 
p. 133. 

rlrmia, if» (S. T«r-), 
strike. 

rvpavvls, rvpawlSos, ti, 
tyranny. 

rvpawos, i, tyrant. 

Tipos, ii, the city of Tyre. 

Tv<p&v, Ttxp&vos, 6, Ty- 
phon, a fabulous mon- 
ster. 

rixVj Vi fortune. 

S&pts, S$pem, ti, violence. 
Sfipurros, ti, ov, violent, 

insolent. 
vtipa, t), snake. 
vSpwviK6s, i[, iv, dropsical. 
8Sap, Stiaros, ri, water. 
vlis, i, son. 
"TAat, i, Hylas, a beautiful 

youth. 
fiAr), ti, wood. 
6/if ? s, ifiCbv, pi. of af>. 
dfilrtpos, a, on, your, 

yours. 



Qapv&Kris. 

Spvos, 6, hymn. 

vr-dpx"} ("> begin to be, 
am. 

!nr-et>tu, (a (S. vtr-tuc-\ 
yield (uith dot). 

vwtp, prep, with gen., in- 
behalf-of, respecting. 

inrep-flalvtc,fiiiaonai, cross, 
transgress. 

vrepfitpavos, ov, haughty. 

inripQpwv, ov, proud. 

vwi)p4rr)s, i, minister. 

irw-iaxvioiua, inro-ax'ho'o- 
luu (S. inr-(x-), promise ; 
I. G. i. p. 131. 

Srvos, i, sleep. 

fori, prc/i., uith gen., by. 

{nro-SelKvu/u, 5e({», point- 
out. 

vwitriixa, vKoS^/mros, ri, 
shoe. 

{mi-Kfifuu, Kfiffo/uu, lie- 
under. 

inra-Kafifidva, K-f^oytm, 
suppose. 

inro-fiivu, /itvv, submit to. 

imo-axhooiua, fut. of vr- 
urxv4opat. 

vxo-riaou, \a, subordi- 
nate. 

tnro-riBri/u, &ftau, suggest. 

into-xvpiu, <co>, more usu. 
4l<ro/uu (S. vwo-x&pc-), 
retire. 

"tpKoria, Hyrcania, s 
country in Asia. 

Bjtbtos, i), ov, last. 

Sortpov, adv., afterwards. 

iifn)\6s, <(, iv, lofty. 

wf 6u>, iiow (S. 6<)io-), exalt. 

<payi?v, irreg. 2 aor. inf. 

fr. icoiu. 
iaiiav, $a(8ovros, 6, 

Phaeton, a son of Apollo. 
(pavipis, <£, iv, manifest. 
(pdppaxov, ri, medicine, 

remedy, poison. 
tapvimis, i, Pharnaces, an 

Armenian king. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GBEEK WORDS. 



207 



tpdaKCO. 

(pdo-Ku, nofut., assert. 
tpav\ifa, (icru) ice (S. 

<pa.v\t$-), disparage. 
cpavXos, 17, ov, vulgar. 
cpctDo/uu, aopat (S. <ptS-), 

spare (trith gen.). 
QepcicvSris, 4><pcnv5ovs, 6, 

Pherecydes, a Greek 

philosopher. 
cp4pce, otace (S. <pcp; 

Mt)«-. »'-). br » n S> 
bear; I. G. i. p. 136. 

cpiiyce, (opai or ^ovfiat (S. 
<pvy-), flee. 

iprifil, <pi)ace (S. cpa-), say ; 
I. G. i. p. 121. 

upBdvw, tpBdou, Mid. <p8r)- 
tro/itu (S. <p8a-), antici- 
pate ; I. G. i. p. 131. 

tpBtipat, epce (S. cpBep-), de- 
stroy. 

tpBivie, cpBlaopuu (S. </>0i~), 
perish, decay ; I. G. i 
p. 131. 

tpBoyyis, i, voice, tune. 

ipBovcpis, d, iv, envious. 

ipBovea, r)ace (S. <p6ovt-), 
. envy (with dat. of pers. 
and gen. of thing). 

tpBivos, i, envy. 

<pi\ivBpawos, ov, benevo- 
lent. 

<pt\dpyvpos, ov, covetous. 

<pt\4a>, t)ace (S. <pi\e-), 
love. 

tptXia, fi, friendship. 

<pi\ws, a, ov, friendly. 

♦fAnnroj, i, Philip, king 
of Macedon. 

♦iXoirrtJTijr, 6, Philoctetes, 
a Greek hero. 

#iAo'{«'or, i, Philoxenus, 
a Greek poet. 

cptXixovos, ov, laborious. 

<pi\os, 6, friend. 

<pi\os, v, ov, dear, agree- 
able, fond-of. 

cptAocroepla, jj, philosophy. 

cptAiaocpos, 6, philosopher. 

<pt\6rtnos, ov, ambitious. 



<ptu. 

<p\ty, <p\($6s, f/, vein. 

tpoPete, i\ate (S. tpofff-), 
terrify ; inMiti.tpo0eoucu, 
fooftcu, fear. 

cpofitpis, d, iv, fearful, 
formidable. 

<pi$os, 6, fear. 

iotvti, Qoivinos, i, Phoe- 
nician. 

cpovevai, ate (S. <povfv~), 
murder, slay, kill. 

tpovtxis, r), iv, bloody. 

tpivos, i, murder. 

ipopia, ■fierce (S. cpope-), 
carry. 

$6picvs, Qipicuos, i, Fhor- 
cys, a fabulous per- 
sonage. 

(ppd(as, ace (S. <ppa$~), tell. 

<ppf)v, eppevis, r), soul, 
mind. 

eppovfee, tjace (S. tppove-), 
think, am sensible ; <ppo- 
vice fi4ya, am haughty. 

eppivnats, (ppw^aeus, rj, 
prudence. 

cpp6vipot, ov, prudent. 

ippovrifie, ace (S. tppovrtS-), 
care-for (trith gen.). 

ipi(, iptiyis, i, Phry- 
gian. 

tpvyds, cpvydSos, o, an 
exile. 

tpvyri, fi, flight, exile. 

cpuXajcrj, r), a keeping- 
guard, prison. 

<pi\a£, tpik&KOS, i, guard. 

tpohdrrce, |« (S. tpv\aK~), 
guard, beware of. 

<pv\fi, i), tribe. 

tpiXkov, ri, leaf. 

tpvpdce, dou\ usu. tvpee, 
tpvptrce (S. cpvp-), mix, 
defile. 

tpvautis, ■/), iv, natural. 

epiats, eces, % nature. 

cpvTfice, ace (S. tptirtv-), 
plant. 

cpvriv, ri, plant. 

iptm, iace (S. tpv-), produce, 



XiXos. 

perf. and 2 aor. (in- 
trans.), iritpvKa, tcpOv 
(often used as j.res.), 
am ; v4os TretpvKcis, being 
young (».«. while young) 

Qioicicev, cevos, i, Phocion, 
an Athenian general. 

(pcevrf, r), sound, voice. 

<pces, epeeris, ri, light. 

Xalpa, iace (S. X<"P*-i 
X ap-), rejoice. 

XaAoaioj, i, a Chaldaean. 

XaXe-iris, t), iv, trouble- 
some, difficult. 

XaXeKces, adc, with diffi- 
culty. 

XaXlvis, i, bridle. 

Xa\KT)S6vtos, a, ov, of 
Chalcedon, in Thrace. 

XoXk'j, Xa\KiSos, ri, Chal- 
cis, a city of Euboea. 

XaXicois, ?j, ovv, of-bronze, 
brazen. 

Xccpffis, t-aaa, (v, graceful, 
pleasant. 

xdpes, xfy'Tos, q, favour, 
thanks ; ace. X"P'" an d 
xdpna. 

Xtt/ubv, x e 'l l <"i" > h °> 
winter. 

Xelp, X"pt* °r X*P&s, V, 

hand ; I. G. i. p. 33. 
X^cpvrovice, i)ace (S. x €l P ' 

rove-), vote. 
Xfipoco, handle ; usu. > > 

Mid., x*tpovfuu, cicroficit. 

overcome, subdue. 
X*lpcev, ov, worse, irrcg. 

comp. of Kaxis. 
XtMSciv, x« A '^'' 0I > V: 

swallow. 
X*\<evTi, y, tortoise. 
X*ce, fat. xiw, «". «' (S- 

X^F- or x^")? pour 
Xfle's, adv., yesterday. 
X8dv, xQovis, i), ground. 
X'Aioi, at, a, thousand. 
Xoij, ri, libation. 
xikos, i, anger. 



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198 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WOEDS. 



/tavTfiov. 

fiafl-), learn ; I. G. i. p. 
133. 

fuxmuovy r6, oracle. 

Vtavrania, t), Mantinea. 

pirns, pdyreus, i, pro- 
phet, seer. 

paprVptu, i)au (S. pap- 
rvpt-), bear witness. 

XVpla, 7), evidence. 
vt, pdjnvpos, 6, wit- 
ness. 
pdumt, tyos, f), whip. 
pdrr/v, ado., in vain. 
pixcupa, V> sword. 
p&XV> Vt battle. 
/4<£xo/uu, tffofiat or ovpai 

(S.pa X f), fig"; I. G. 

i. p. 130. 
H(fa\r)yopla, t), boastful- 

ness. 
ptyaKtryopos, ov, boastful. 
piyas, cUi), a, great ; 

I. G. i. p. 35. 
piyurros, n, ov, greatest ; 

irreg. superl. of piyas. 
pidrj, Ji, drunkenness. 
H*<H)lu>v, ov, idle. 
ptB-iripi, iiaw, give up, 

neglect. 
ptS-lirrtipi, ner<urTr)<ru, in 

Mid., remove, retire, 

cease from (with gen.'). 
pfSioKW, pe9v<ra (S. peBv-), 

make drunk ; I. G. i. p. 

133. 
fUiSda, nofut.(S. ptiita-), 

smile. 
ptifav, of, greater ; irreg. 

eomp. of piyas. 
pi\as, cuva, ay, black. 
pi\a, fit\r)<Tfi (S. pe\(f)-), 

impers., it is a care 

(with dot.); I. G. i. p. 

130. 
peKirni, 7), practice. 
pi\t, piXiros, r6, honey, 
piXnra, f), bee. 
pi\*M, riffa (S. peK\(e)-), 

am about (to-do); ri 

uiKKov, what is coming ; 



pfauTTOS. 

rk piXKovra, the fu- 
ture ; I. G. i. p. 130. 

Kipvav, Mcpvovos, i, 
Memnon, an Ethiopian 
warrior. 

Hf/Upopai, <popat (S. p(pv-), 
blame. 

piv, indeed (usu. untrans- 
lated). 

Mci'&aos, 6, Menelaus, a 
Greek hero. 

pivroi, conj., nevertheless. 

fitva, ptvcb (S. lurfyy), re- 
main ; I. G. i. p. 130. 

pipos, ptpovs, ri, part. 

picros, 7], ov, middle ; to 
piaov, the midst, mode 
ration. 

pto6rns, pto-4Ti>Tos, i), 
moderation. 

peri, prep., tcith gen., 
with ; with ace., after. 

pera-BiWu, fiaXa, change. 

lurofio\4), t), change. 

pera-trriiaai, fat. of ptBl- 
ernfu. 

piraWov, r6, metal. 

peroty, adv. and prep, 
with gen., between. 

/MTa-Tri/iiro), \fio>, send 
forth ; Mid., send for. 

pfrarrlBripi, 6i\aa, change. 

pirpios, a, ov, moderate. 

ptrpias, adv., with mode- 
ration. 

pirpov, ri, measure, mo- 
deration. 

pixph prep, with gen., as 
far as, until. 

/it), not (see I. G. i. p. 56). 
M^Seut, q, Medea, a Greek 
heroine. 

prfids, efila, iv, no, no-one, 

used tcith imper., $c. 
MijSos, i, Mede, also 
Medus, son of Aeson 
and Medea. 

print n, adv., no longer. 

fi-flKicrros, i), ov, longest; 
irreg. superl. of paxp6s. 



pve\6s. 

fvnicivw, Svw (S. py/civ-), 

lengthen. 
prjkov, ri, sheep. 
pi)v, prjvis, i, month. 
pf)V, adv., surely, how- 
ever. 
prjvis, pr)vios or pijviSos, 

ri, wrath. 
pnvla, (law) iS> (S. prjvi-), 
am angry with (with 
dot. ofpers.). 
pnvor1\s, i, informer. 
pnvbo, 6aa (S. pin®-), re- 
veal. 
nfyrort, adv., never. 
pipra, adv., not yet, used 

with imper., $c. 
p/rrt, conj., neither ; pip* 

— pffrt, neither — nor. 
pfyrnp, pnjpis, }), mother. 
pnTp&iroAlS, 7ri\tas, 7),, 

mother-city, capital. 
prixcwiopai, ijaopai (S. 

fiTIXava-), contrive. 
pla, one, fern, of els. 
piywpi,pl(w(S.piy-),m\x. 
pmpAs, a, 6v, small. 
MiHtltms, a, ov, Milesian. 
Mlkirros, i), the city of 
Miletns, in Asia Minor. 
Mi\ruf&is, 6, Miltiades, 

an Athenian general. 
»MfAw, Ml\aivos, i, Milon 

or Milo, an athlete. 
luiwilOKu, pviaa (S. pro-), 
remind ; Mid., remem- 
ber. 
Mirais, 6, Minos, a Greek 

hero. 
ixuriu, iiow (S. iuat-), hate. 
iua86s, i, pay, reward. 
pva, iwas, ii, mina, a sum 

of money. 
Mvrifio<riv7i, t), Memory. 
IhoXttt), i), song. 
pivov, adv., only. 
p6vos, 7], ov, alone. 
fiipo-t/ios, ov, fated. 
MovOa, r), Muse. 
l*veK6s, i, marrow. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WOEDS. 



199 



/lidos. 

fivdost, i, account. 
MivStos, a, ov. of-Myndus. 
KvvSos, i), Myndus, a city 

of Caria. 
Iivpids, iSos, y, myriad, 

ten-thousand. 
fiiptot, at, a, ten-thousand. 
pip/iyi, iiipnyxos, i, ant. 
Wlvrikyvy, y, Hytilene, a 

city in Lesbos. 
fuopia, y, folly. 

NoJioj, a, ov, Naxian, of- 
Naxos, an island in the 
Aegean Sea. 

yavfrnxta, y, sea-fight. 

vats, vtds, y, ship , I. G. i. 
p. 33. 

vairys, i, sailor. 

vavrtxis, y, iv, naval. 

ytavlas, i, you ng-man. 

viixos, vtUcovs, ri, quarrel. 

veicpis, 6, dead. 

vticvs, viicvos, 6, dead-body, 
dead-person. 

ftc/ita, y, Nemea, a place 
in Greece. 

vi/itais, vfp4<reas, y, ven- 
geance. 

vi/ut, vtiub (S. vc/i(c)-), 
m Mid., dwell ; I. G. i. 
p. 130. 

vios, a, ov, young, new. 

vtirys, viiryros, y, youth. 

Mo-Tap, fliaropos, i, Nes- 
tor, a Greek hero. 

vetpi\y, y, cloud. 

vti&s, i, temple. 

vycros, y, island. 

vutda, yaw (S. nw-), con- 
quer. 

viiey, y, victory. 

Vivos, 6, Ninus, an ancient 
Assyrian king. 

NiVos, y, Nineveh, in 
Assyria. 

vo/uis, vo/itus, 6, herds- 
man, shepherd. 

vo/ii(w (law) t& (S. vo/iiS-), 
think, reckon. 



o'utitt. 

vi/tos, 6, law. 
vivos, y, disease, illness. 
voadSys, ts, diseased, un- 
wholesome. 
vovs, i, mind, intelligence. 
Vtifupy, y, Nymph. 
ripupy, y, bride. 
viv, ado., now. 
w}{, witris, y, night. 
vd, v$v, dual of tya. 
vSrtov, ri, back. 

Uav8nnros, 6, Xanthippus, 
an Athenian. 

(avSis, 4, iv, yellow, 
golden-haired. 

(4vos, S, stranger. 

^vo<pavys, T2.tvoipi.vovs, &, 
Xenophanes, a Greek 
philosopher. 

Sfvotpiiv, U(vo<t>wvros, 6, 
Xenophon, a Greek his- 
torian and general. 

Hiptys, i, Xerxes, a Per- 
sian king. 

£l(pos, fupovs, ri, sword. 

tyfifiaxos, see ai/ifiaxos. 

\vv-6vr)<rKin, Bavovimt, die 
with (with dat.). 

i, y, ri, the 

i out is (air is), y airy, to 

avri, the same. 
oytoyxovra, indecl., eighty. 
bySoos, y, ov, eighth. 
SSc, fj!e, rite, this. 
tSis, y, way, journey, 

path. 
oSois, iSivros, t, tooth. 
'OSuaacvs, 'OSvaaiws, i, 

Odysseus or Ulysses, a 

Greek hero. 
otto, irreg. per/. (S. IS-), 

know; I. G. i. p. 140. 
OiSixovs, OiSiiroSos, i, 

Oedipus, king of Thebes. 
oiKtios, a, ov, of-one's-own. 
olicirys, i, slave. 
aiKiui, i)aa> (S. oiVe-), 

dwell, arrange. 



tflVV/U. 

oheyr-liptov, ri, habita- 
tion. 

olicla, y, house. 

oixoSofitai, yaw (S. o'iko- 
to/if-), build. 

ofitoi, adv., at home. 

oJkos, 6, house. 

olicrdptt, epw (S. oiKTcp-), 
pity. 

olvos, i, wine. 

otoftat, oiyaopuu (S. oi(«)-), 
think ; I. G. i. p. 
130. 

oXaa, fut. of <pipt». 

otxofuu, 1)aofuu, perf- 

undone. 
oktokio-x''*-' ', at, a, eight 

thousand. 
i\f}tos, a, ov, happy. 
Sxtios, i, happiness, 

wealth. 
&A(6pos, i, destruction. 
iXiyapxta, y, oligarchy 

(i.e. government in the 

hands of a few). 
cAryoi, y, ov, few ; (of 

time) short; as adv., a 

little. 
uK\vfii, (o\taw) o\w (S. 

o\- und o\e-), destroy ; 

I. G. i. p. 127. 
o\o<pipoiuu, povftat (S. 

o\o<pvp-), pity. 
'OKviatla, y, Olympia, a 

town in Elis. 
'OXvfimis, 'OKvperiiios, y, 

Olympiad. 
'OXi/nrtos, a, ov, Olym- 
pian. 
"OMi/itos, i, Olympus. 
"Ofiypos, i, Homer, the 

poet. 
ifuKiu, ii<r<» (S. SfiiKf-), 

associate. 
ifilKos, i, crowd. 
vH/xa, ojipiaros, ri, eye. 

StlMUt, OftOVfUU (S. on; 

ilio-), swear ; I. G. i. p. 
128. 



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200 



INDEX TO VOCABDLABIES. — GKEEK WORDS. 



S/iOtos. 

S/ioios, a, ov, like (with 
dat). 

OfX0l6ti>, U<TW (S. 6fJ.OlO-) t 

liken. 
o/xoVoia, 7), harmony. 
SvTicns, ovr)<reus, i), advan- 
tage. 
ivivriiu, orf)<T<t (S. &va-), 

benefit ; in Mid., have 

advantage -, oyalfiri", 

may I be happy ; I. G. i. 

p. 123. 
&vo[xa, ov6/iaros, t6, name. 
ivopdfa, <r» (S. wo/uaS-), 

name, call. 
Svos, i, ass. 
ovu%, ivuxos, o, talon, 

claw. 
olvOifios, ov, quick-to- 

anger. 
&£is, e7a, i, sharp. 
8x7), ado., whither. 
ijrXrrjir, i, heavy-armed- 

man. 
iit\ov, r6, weapon ; in pi. 

arms. 
8toi, adv., whither. 
iiriaos, ti, or, how great, 

how much, how many. 
irirav, adv. and con/., 

whenever (used otdy 

with subj.). 
iirirf, adv. and conj., when- 
ever. 
Sttou, adv., where. 
oiTiipa, fi, harvest. 
onus, adv. and con/., in 

order that, how. 
6pdu, tyo/iat, see, look ; 

I. G. i. p. 136. 
Wi V, anger. 
opylfo, li (S. opyiti-), 

make angry, exasperate; 

Mid. am angry. 
'Ope<TT7is, 6, Orestes, an 

Argive hero. 
bpQiw, &ffta (S. op0o-\ 

raise up. 
ipSas, ad?., rightly. 
ipi(o>, lau and iw (S. iptS-), 



oipavis. 

appoint ; in Mid., define. 
Soxos, S, oath. 
Spvtov, ri, bird. 
Spvut, SpvlBos, 6 and t), 

bird. 
tpyvpi, ipau (S. ip-\ rouse ; 

I. G. i. p. 128. 
Spos, Spovs, t6, mountain. 
6prv£, Spriyos, o and t), 

quail. 
'Op<pds, 'Op<p4us, i, Or- 
pheus, a Greek fabulous 

personage. 
oVios, a, ov, holy. 
Zoos, 7), ov, as great as, as 

many as. 
ioirtp, fiTcep, Strep, the very 

one who. 
'Oir<ra, f), the mountain 

Ossa. 
bvriov (ovv), ov, ri, bone. 
Saris, JJTir, 8 ti, whoso- 
ever, whatsoever. 
Srar, conj., when, used with 

subj. 
Sre, conj., when. 
Sri, conj., that, because ; 

not translated before a 

dependent speech in the 

Oratio Recta. 
Stow, for ourivos, 7\<rrwos, 

gen. of Sorts, 
orpivu, orpvvw (S. brpSv-), 

urge. 
oiiSan&s, adv., in no wise. 
oiS4, conj., neither, nor, 

nor yet. 
ovlicls, ov&ffila, ov$cv, no 

one, nothing. 
ouSctroTc, adv., never at 

any time. 
ovScrcpos, a, ov, neither of 

the two. 
oinceri, adv., no longer, not 

yet. 
oiikovv, adv., therefore. 
oSV, adv., then, therefore. 
othrort, adv., never. 
otrrv, adv., not yet. 
ovpavis, 6, heaven. 



irapa-fidWv. 

oZs, orris, r6, ear. 

ovaia, t), property. 

oPt€, adv., neither, nor. 

oStos, outi), touto, this. 

oSra, adv., so. 

wpelXw, rjffu (S. &<peK-\ 
owe ; I. G. i. p. 130. 

i(pe\os, ovs, ri, profit, 
advantage. 

wpiaXfiis, i, eye. 

6<pis, S<peais, o and r), ser- 
pent. 

olios', a, ov, late; I. G. i. 
p. 36, Obs. 3 (like /itVo $)• 

tjiponai, see dpda, 1. G. i. 
p. 136. 

fyov, ri, seasoning. 

Tt&Bos, TtdBovs, rS, passion. 
ircudv, Tratavos, i, paean. 
TraiSela, v, instruction, 

education. 
rratSfia, aa (S. xaiScv-), 

teach, bring up. 
TtcuMov, r6, little child. 
mus, i and 7), boy, girl, 

son, child. 
Ttdhai, adv., formerly. 
rraXmis, d, 6y, old, ancient. 
ra\al<rrpa, j% wrestling 

school. 
vdAiv, adv., again. 
irdfiiroKvs, iriKATi, xoAv, 

very much, very great. 
vavovpyla, v, villany. 
sravrtKus, adv., altogether. 
Tcavroios, a, ov, manifold, 

of all sorts. 
irdvv, adv., altogether. 
Traviararos, 7), or, last of 

all. 
iramroy, 6, grandfather. 
jrapd, prep, with gen., fro' 

by; vith dat., wi 

among ; with ace., 

contrary to. 
irapa- fiatva, jJV'f 

transgress. 
7rapa-$d\\u, fia\w, col 

pare. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— GREEK WORDS. 



201 



xap-ayyeWai. 

vap-ayyiXXa,. t\u, give 
orders, charge. 

irapdSucros, 6, pleasure- 
ground. 

wapa-81'oW/u, Sdora, hand- 
over, consign. 

xap-tuviw, iaw (S. wap- 
cuvt~), advise. 

TrapaxaroSiiKi), y, trust. 

irapa-K\4irTw, tyw, steal 
covertly. 

TlipaKos, 6, Paralus, an 
Athenian. 

•xapa-irKita, irKciaofuu and 
xXfuoovpai, sail by. 

■KapairXyoias, a, oy, similar. 

itapa" ayyyi, i, parasang 
(about a league). 

irapa-trKevdfa, o*» (S. vapa- 
anevai-), prepare, make- 
preparations. 

Trapa-ffrjaw, fut. of napl- 
aryfu. 

rapa-riBy/u, tyaw, set- 
before, grant (with dot. 
of pert.). 

rapa-rpfX") ipafiov/xai (S. 
rapa - rptx, — *J»P-)> 
pass-by ; I. G. i. p. 136. 

■wapa-tpipw, vapolffw, carry- 
past. 

■xip-ftfu («V0i foopuu, be 
present. 

trdp-eifit (cT/xt)> will P^ 8 
by, enter. 

*ap-ix<*t (<•>* g™*) Dr i n g> 

display. 
mp9fvos, y, virgin, 

maiden. 
irap-irifu, yaw, let pass 

by. 
•rap-iaryiu, wapa-aryaw, 

make to stand by, assist, 

place by, raise, cause ; 

mtrans., stand by ; perf. 

part. TcapfffTds or xap- 

€<mj«e6y, used as adj., 

present. 
vap-o^vvw, »>i (S. tap- 

ofi/v-), exhort. 



UeXoxoyyyauutis. 

■wap'faala, y, boldness. 
t3i, v&aa, nay, all, every. 
icdffxa, rdao/uu (S. Taax; 

»ofl(«>, ireye-), suffer; 

ft iriaxw, I »m well 

used, well off, fare well ; 

I. G. i. p. 13+. 
narim, yaw (S. itot«-), 

tread. 
raryp, rarpis, i, father. 
rarpts, irarplSos, y, native- 
land, country. 
TlirpoxXos, ov, i, Patro- 

clus, a Greek hero. 
warpipos, a, oy, paternal. 
t<£ttoA(K, S, peg. 
Xlavaavlas, i, Pausanias, a 

Lacedaemonian king. 
mite, aw (S. iron-), make 

to cease ; Mid., rawjfuu, 

cease (with gen.), 
■wity, y, fetter. 
■xeSlov, r6, plain. 
vflBw, aw, vt7coi$a (S. 

ict$-\ persuade ; in Mil., 

miSo/uu, obey, trust 

(with dat.). 
iT(t9ti, miSovs, y, per- 
suasion. 
iceiviw, yaw (S. intra-), 

hunger. 
Tlmpamis, Heipaitws, 6, 

Peiraeus, the port of 

Athens. 
retpiw, &aw, try, prove; 

tn Mid., irtipdopat, 

kaopMi, try. 
■ttlpw, (epu>) (S. *«p-), 

pierce. 
Tlturiarparltrns, i, Peisis- 

tratid, son of Peisis- 

tratus, an Athenian 

tyrant. 
irJXayos, ri, sea. 
ireXapyis, i, stork. 
IleXoiriSa;, 4, Pelopidas, a 

Theban. 
Ue\ovovyycnaK6s, y, &y, 

TlcXowoyvyaios, a, oy, 

Peloponnesian. 



■Kipt-rlSyiu. 

Il(\oriyyyaos, y, the pen- 
insula of Peloponnesus. 

*€\Taarys, 6, peltast, a 
light-arined soldier. 

xi/iTTOs, y, oy, fifth. 

W/irw, <j»«, perf. TiiTcoLMpa 
(S. w(fiT-), send. 

itiyys, ys, poor. 

■KtyOiw, yaw (S. ir(yOf-), 
mourn. 

■Ktyia, y, poverty. 

ircrTaxj(rxfAio(, ax, a, five 
thousand. 

ire vraxia toi, oi, a, five 
hundred. 

Ttivrt, indecl., five. 

ir(yr(KaiS(Ka, indecl., fif- 
teen. 

irevTyicovTa, indecl., fifty. 

rcpalyw, ova (S. it(pay-), 
finish. 

iripas, vipaTos, t6, end. 

Tt pSt j, ir4p6iKos, i and y, 
partridge. 

vtpl, prep., with ace., 
around, near, off; with 
gen., concerning, for. 

wept-PiXXw, fiaXu, sur- 
round. 

wtpi-ypilQw, t//&>, define. 

n-efM-tiSov, fr. (wtpiopaa). 

ntpl-eiui, will go-round. 

TlepixXys, TltputXiovs, 6, 
Pericles, an Athenian 
statesman. 

ircpiopdui, (fyojuai, over- 
look ; I. G. i. p. 136. 

vept-TrlirTw, xcaoifxat, fall 
beside, among, or upon. 

mpi-p^frtw (S. irtpip'p'tF-, 
fin-), pvyao-fiai, p*{>ao- 
luu, flow-round, fall 
away. 

vepiffrrevw, aw (S. icepia- 
aev), am superfluous ; 
ra Trtpiaatioyra, super- 
fluity. 

Tttpiartpi, y, dove. 

mpi-rieypi, Oyaw, put- 
around. 



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202 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WORDS. 



vipt-rpexv. 

■X(pt-rp4x", Spa/iov/iai (S. 
vept-rpex; -Spept-), run- 
round (see rpixa, I. G. 
i. p. 136). 

Xltpaeis, Tlepaeas, i, Per- 
seus, a Greek hero. 

Ilepocipim, t), the g<iddess 
Persephone or Proser- 
pine. 

TlepOTis, i, a Persian. 

Titpaucis, 4 iv, Persian. 

Tci-rpa, i), rock. 

niryof, at, Pegae, a town 
in Greece. 

tnryl], t), fountain. 

rnynph *+£<» ( s - »«•?-)> 
fix, fasten ; I. G. i. p. 
128. 

rucpis, a, iv, bitter, sor- 
rowful. 

irfjuxAq/u, irXi)aa (S. xAa-), 
fill ; I. G. i. p. 123. 

tW, vio/juu (S. xi- a/so 
xo-), drink ; I. G. i. p. 
136. 

rnrpdiTKo) (S. xpa-), a*o- 
tdaopuu used as /ttf., 
sell ; see I. G. i. p. 135. 

xixtoi, neaovfuu (S. xer-), 
fall; I. G. i. p. 137. 

vurreiu, aw (S. vtarev), 
trust (irt'tt dot.). 

xfimj, Tciartus, t), faith, 
confidence. 

maris, t\, iv, faithful. 

irlrvs, xtruoj, y, pine. 

nXoTtuof, iy, oi, Plataeae, 
a city of Greece. 

TlXaraiets, IIAaraieW, oi, 
Plataeans. 

xAarovor, y, plane-tree. 

XlXdrav, TlXdravos, i, 
Plato, the Greek philo- 
sopher. 

vXiOpov, ri, plethrum 
(100 feet). 

xAcmttoj, n, ov, most, 
irreg. superl. of iro\is. 

vXelav, ov, more, irreg. 
comp. of noXis. 



TroXeplfa. 

xA&m, fv (S. xA«-X 

wreathe, plait, twist. 
■rXior, adv., more. 
xAfovefi'o, ij, covetousness, 

avarice. 
vXeupd, 7i, side. 
tX», TcXtiaofuu andvXev 

(rov/uu (S. xAu-), sail ; 

I. G. i. p. 137. 
vXttys), t), blow. 
irAqtfos, vXifioos, to", mul- 
titude. 
xA<j>>, prep, with gen., and 

adv., except. 
TtKiipnis, a, full (nth gen.). 
vXtipia, d>au (S. xAjjpo-), 

satisfy. 
■rAmm&Ca, ace (S. xAi)- 

cioS-), approach. 
xAjjctioi', orfc, near. 
rXyaaa, {» (,S. " xAijt-), 

strike. 
xAof j, 6, voyage. 
xAowrioj, a, ov, rich. 
xAoi/re'w, ^<ra> (S. xAoure-), 

am rich. 
xAoutoj, i, wealth. 
IlAolVrcia', IIAo&tgh'OS, 6, 

the god Pluto. 
xvia, weiao/uu atid Ttvev- 

aovfuu (S. xvu-), blow ; 

I. G. i. p. 137. 
not, interr. adv., whither ? 
Violas, Tlotavros, i, Poeas, 

a Greek hero. 
Troiiu, 4\aa (S. vote-), do, 

make. 
rollout, votr)purros, ri, 

poem. 
woojt^j, S, poet. 
xoipJiv, Tcoi/iivos, i, shep- 
herd. 
TtoXeiiiu, 4\aw (S. xoA«/«-), 

make-war-upon, war- 

with (tcith dot.). 
xoA(p.i(ai (poet, for xoAe- 

Ii4aj), {{« Doric (S. xoAe- 

fuS- : the fut. is formed 

as if from S. woXepuy-), 

go-to-war. 



XOTI/UW. 

roXepuos, 6, enemy, hostile. 
viXe/ios, 6, war. 
woXiopiceu, t)ou (S. xoAi- 

opKf-% besiege. 
ToXiopKla, ii, siege. 
TriXis, x<JAe<«s,ij,city, state. 
xoAtrefa, ij, common- 
wealth. 
toA^t/i, i, citixen. 
icaXX&ias, adv., often. 
TroXva&xtvos, ov, many- 
necked. 
TloXvyvcrros, 6, Polygno- 

tus, a Greek painter. 
XloXvStvKTis, UoXuSevKoos, 

6, the god Pollux. 
voXverys, is, full-of-years. 
■*o\UKOipay'ui,poet.( = iroXo- 

Kotfxwia), ii, multitude- 

of-rulers. 
xoAvAoyoi, ov, talkative. 
TloXovtiieris, i, Polyniccs, 

son of Oedipus, king of 

Thebes. 
woXvotvla, ij, drunkenness. 
icoXvrovos, ov, laborious. 
iroXis, xoAA^, xoAu, many, 

much ; I. G. i. p. 35. 
ttoAutcA^s, is, expensive. 
Ttoviu, yaw (S. rove-), 

labour. 
7rov7)p6s, a, 6v, evil, wicked. 
vivos, i, labour, toil, 

trouble. 
vopeiu, aw (S. 7topev\ 

carry ; tn Mid., vopeio- 

fuu, travel. 
IloireiSwv, nooeiS&vos, 6, 

the god Poseidon or 

Neptune. 
roTa/tis, i, river. 
vire, interr. adv., when ? 
xor^, adv., indef., ever, at- 

some - time - or - other, 

once-upon-a-time. 
virepa, adv., whether. 
virepov, adv., whether. 
stirepos, a, ov, whether-of- 

the-two (Lot. vter). 
xoVi/tos, ij, ov, drinkable. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WORDS. 



203 



totoV. 

icoriv, ri, drink. 

rroris, i), iv, drunk, for 
drinking, fluid. 

irovs, troSis, i, foot. 

■xpaypM, Trpiypueros, ri, 
affair, thing, deed. 

rpa^is, irpd£fa>s, i), action. 

rpaos (' r icpats), cia, irpaov 
(or A), mild, gentle, 
tame ; I. G. i. p. 35. 

TrpdTT(<r(r)w, |o> (S. upay-), 
do, fare. 

ttpdrw, \fiu rare (S. */>«r-), 
am conspicuous, excel ; 
rpiwti, impcrs., it be- 
hoves, is fitting (uith 
dat. of pcrs.). 

rpco-fieia, t), embassy. 

rptcrflvs, Trpia-frews, i, old- 
man, also ambassador. 

mparft&rtpos, 6, elder ; 
cornp. of Tvpfafivs. 

vplv, adv., before. 

wp6, prep, with gen., 
before. 

irpifiarov, ri, sheep. 

lrpiyovos, i, ancestor. 

vpo-SiSwfju, 5wo'a», 1 avr. 
npotSuica, betray. 

■wpoiimis, i, traitor, be- 
trayer. 

irpi-n/u (/r. elfu, ibo), go, 
go forward. 

irpo-epxoiuu, (Kcicroiiai, 
go-before. 

Tepi60/ios, oy, zealous, of 
good cheer. 

•trpo-1epui, faofxai (^ijfu ; 
I. G. i. p. 118), throw 
away. 

TlpoK\rjs, TipOK\4ous, 6, 
Procles, a Lacedaemo- 
nian. 
Tlpiicvri, y, Procne. 

TlpofiriBeAs, Hpofiij64ais, o, 

Prometheus, a Greek 

hero. 

vpo/irjeia, v, forethought. 

npivoia, ri, providence, 

forethought. 



rreparis. 

lrpi-oiSa, know-before- 
hand. 

irpo-irri\aKl(u, taa (S. itpo- 
in\Kox&-\ insult. 

rtpts, prep., with ace., to, 
towards ; with dot., on, 
in addition to '; uith gen., 
from. 

wpoff-$\4ira>, i^oj, look to. 

Ttpocr-Sexofuu, topuu, ex- 
pect. 

Tpocr-SiSa/u, Siio-u; give- 
in-addition. 

irpoff-Soxda, i\aa (S. wpocr- 
SoKa-), expect. ' 

vpio-upi, will go-to, ap- 
proach. 

xpotr-j)Ka>, am fitting. 

vpooStris, iv, attached. 

wpoo-Xaptfldvit, \rpliopxu, 
take-in-addition. 

npoa-pXyvviu, p.l£w, ap- 
proach, hold intercourse 
with (with dat.). 

trp6<roSos, 7], revenue. 

xpoa-irlime, xccrof/iai, fall- 
down-before. 

Ttpoff-Ttoiovpua, f)rrapai, 

pretend. 

xpoa-riaou, {«, assign, 
order. 

rpoo-riOnut, Bi]<ru, add. 

■wpoa-ipipw, oiffat, bring-to. 

■npiiipoy, adv., before. 

rrpo-rlOrini, Br]oa, 1 aor. 
■xpoiOniKa, put forth, ex- 
pose, set-forth. 

irpi<paois, irpo<piatus, i), 
excu»e. 

irpcMpwTevai, arte, 1 aor. rpo- 
c<pr}rfvo-a (S. ttp i<pnrtv-\ 
prophesy. 

xpotprrrns, i, prophet. 

Xlparayipas, 6, Proki goras, 
a Greek sophist. 

•KpGnos, v, oy, first. 

irrepiy, ri, feather, wing. 

Trrtpvf, vripvyos, i), wing. 

mparis, ri, 6v (also 6s, 
oV), winged. 



"Xipios. 

TlroXtfuuos, 6, Ptolemacus, 
a Macedonian king. 

*T»x<ir, )j, iv, poor, beg- 
garly. 

UvBayipas, i, Pythagoras, 
a philosopher. 

Uv\dSi)s, i, Pyladcs. 

ri\n, i), gate. 

icvvBdvopat (S. »B9-), itti- 
ffopuu, learn, enquire ; 
I. G. i. p. 133. 

Tcvp,impis, ri, (ire. 

Tupd, i), pyre. 

ripyos, i, tower. 

Tlvfyos, i, Pyrrhus, king 
of Epirus. 

7ru, interr. adv., where ? *a>, 
adv., enclit. particle, yet. 

rt&\os, i, foal ; also as a 
proper name, Polus. 

was, interr. adv., how ? 

pifrSos, i), wand. 
"PaSiiMvCos, i, Rhadaman- 

thus, a fabulous person- 
age. 
t>Afiws, a, oy, easy. 
faSiws, adv., easily. 
pevp-a, pevfiaros, ri, 

stream. 
f>iu>, peiaopat, flow ; I. G. 

i. p. 137. 
fr/iyvvpu, jrl&u, break, rend ; 

I. G. i. p. 128. 
^nropiKh (sc. rixvrj), v, 

rhetoric, the art of 

speaking. 
fflruip, {trjropos, 6, orator. 
fii(a, r), root. 
plirrw, <fia> (S. pup-), hurl. 
piSov, ri, rose. 
por\, i), stream. 
fiiraXov, ri, club. 
'Ywpaios, a, ov, Roman. 
p<tp.il, i), strength. 

XaXapis, ~Za\afuvos, r), 

the island of Salamis. 
adXiriyt, yyos, r), trumpet. 
S&iuos, S, Samian. 



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204 



INDEX TO VOCABULAKIE& — GREEK WORDS. 



SANCTIS. 

liparu, iapdwiSos, y, 

Serapis, an Egyptian 

deity. 
2ap5avJivd\os, i, Sardana 

pal us, an Assyrian king. 
2ap5c£, 2apiovs, i), the 

island of Sardinia. 
<rdpt, capitis, r), tlejsh. 
Sopot, i, Sarus, a river of 

Cilicia. 
aarpArns, i, satrap. 
<ratpjs, is, plain, sore. 
<rfjiwu/u, <T0i<rw (S. <r/9e-), 

extinguish ; I. O, i. p. 

126. 
atamov, rjs, ov, of thyself, 

thy own. 
oifiopax, nofut. (S. o-e/J-), 

worship, revere. 
ampa, 7), rope, trace. 
(Tf\as, oihaos, ri, light. 
ffeK^vTj, 7), moon. 
ieiieki), 7], Semele, a Greek 

heroine. 
atDnetov, ri, sign. 
tr/iliepov, adv., to-day. 
0-170, adv., silently, 
ovyif, i), silence. 
o-tSrtpos, i, iron, sword. 
SurcAfa, 7), the island of 

Sicily. 
iuK\6s, 4, iv, Sicilian. 
Sucodv, Sucv&vos, y, 

Sicyon, a Greek city. 
cjtji, 0, food, corn. 
aiuw&a, t)oo)uu (S. aumta-), 

am silent. 
ffiaTjj, 7), silence. 
trtoirriAis, t|, iv, silent. 
<rice$ivvofu, (aKtHiau) 

aiifSu (S. trxoSo-), 

scatter ; 1 G. i. p. 126. 
ffKcKos, ffKtKo-js, to, leg. 
(TKeVrOjUat, 4" J M a '» l ,cr f m 

l'ass. t(TKifx;juu (S. 

ffKejT'), drvise, consider. 
(riaivrl, h, tent. 
o-Kio, r\, shade. 
OKOviw, ifo*« (S. atoif-), 

consider. 



OTOptWVfU. 

(Tkotc6s, i, watchman. 

<tk6tos, ov, 6 ; sometimes 
gen. onirovs, ri, dark- 
ness. 

2,kv$7)s, i, Scythian. 

2kuBuc6s, »f, iv, Scythian. 

iihmv, iiKavos, 6, Solon, 
an Athenian sage. 

06s, <n\, aiv, thy, thine. 

troipla, i), wisdom. 

<ro<pt<rTrjs, 0, sophist. 

2t<poK\i)s, 2o$»k\4ovs, i, 
Sophocles, a tragic poet. 

vxpis, if, iw, wise. 

xrraytcts, adv., seldom. 

Xicipmi, 7), the city of 
Sparta. 

SxapTidrijj, 0, Spartan. 

7/*apTiaTuc6s, jf, iv, Spar- 
tan. 

ffwdpu, (pSi (S. ffwip-), 
scatter, sow. 

<TW(ilu, o<s (S. awevS-), 
hasten. 

(nroySif, i), treaty. 

trrovo'aios, a, ov, diligeut. 

ffrdHtov, r i, stadium (about 
a furlong). 

araSiUs, i, stage. 

<rrairii(u, aa(S.crTaata&-\ 
am at-variance. 

criois, ariaius, r), fac- 
tion. 

(rriyos,OTiyovs,ri, abode. 

<rrt AAw, per/. (ara\Ka (S. 
OTfX-y, equip. 

artviv, to, narrow strait. 

aripavos, i, crown. 

o~Tctpav6u, liou (S. or«- 
tpavo-), crown. 

(TTifAi), r), pillar, monu- 
ment. 

Srijo-fxopoj, °> Stesi- 
chorus, a Greek poet. 

o-too, 7), portico. 

o-toix*lov, to, element 

o-ToKri, ii, dres«, robe. 

(TTOflO, 0"TO/taTOy, TO, 

mou h. 
oTopivvu/u, (aropioa) aro- 



(rvfifiaxla. 

pa (S. orope-), spread- 
out, smooth ; I. G. i. p. 
126. 

(rrpircv/M, arpcadtuxros, 
t6, army. 

arpartim, oa (S. oTpo- 
T6W-), march. 

<TTpaT7iy4u, jfo*w (S. grpa- 
TTfyt-), am general-over 
(with gen.). 

ffrpaTTiyos, 6, general. 

ffTparti, 7), army, arma- 
ment. 

orparioTTit, 6, soldier. 

vrparireSov, to, camp. 

orparis, 6, army. 

arpuvwfjit, (TTpaorut, spread 
out, smooth (see trroptv- 
vv/u, I. G. i. p. 127). 

otSAoj, i, piilar. 

otimJ>\oj, iv, rugged. 

crv, <rov, thou. 

ouyyevjs, is, kindred, 
kinsman. 

OvyyeyviiffKai, yviirrofuu, 
2 aor. avveyvuv, pardon. 

avyypupfis, auyyptvpiws, 
0, historian. 

o"iry-«oAco>, iaa, 1 aor. trw 
tK&ktaa, call-together. 

fftryKuicdw, ifo*», 1 aor. avv- 
(Kvmicra (S. crvyKvica-), 
throw-into-con:usion. 

auy-xia, fat. x«'», €«, *h 

1 aor. ovvix&h con- 
found. 

avy-x<ip7iais, ffvyx"- 

pifo"cais, i), consent. 
crvKov, ri, fig. 
o~i/A-Aa/t/3aVa>, Xififo/uu, 

2 aor. avviKafiov, seize, 
help (»i'tt dat.). 

avpL-fiiKXte, HaXii, 2 aor. 
ovvijiaKov, engage (10'tt 
dat). 

ffVfi'PovXcva, ffu, 1 aor. 
ffvvefiovXevaa, advice. 

crvfi&ovxia, i), counsel, ad- 
vice. 

avppaxla, V, alliance. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WORDS. 



205 



crvfifiaxos. 

crv/ifiaxos , d, ally. 

avu-iriryvvp.1, Trl;ty>, com- 
pound. 

avfi-Trlyw, vlofiai t 2 aor. 
avvmov, drink-with. 

avp.7t6aiov, to, feast. 

avpupopd, ri, misfortune. 

aiv, prep, icith dat., « ith. 

auv-ava-ytyviiaKa, yvm- 
ao/jxu, read-together- 
with. 

avv-av^int (auva&tyi), 
(wifyau, incrcase-to- 
gether-with, help-to- 
increase. 

aiveais, <rvp«reas, r), in- 
telligence. 

<rvv8f)ieri, t), treaty. 

ow-ioTTiiu, avorfiaa, 

make-to-consist, get to- 
gether; in trans., consist ; 
in Mid., meet-together. 

aiv-otha, am privy-to (" ifci 
dat. of pers.); I. G. i. p. 
140. 

aw-TiBvui, $f)<ra, compose 

aiirronos, ov, short. 

ffvy~rpc<pu, 6ptya>, bring 
up with. 

ffvv^rvyxdvw, rtv^opxu, 
fall in with (tcith dat). 

3vpax6aioi, wv, ol, Syra- 
cusans. 

TZvpdicovaai, at, Syracuse. 

iris, avis, 6 and i), boar, 
sow, swine. 

cvtrirci/Sw, ate, assist. 

CVffTflfftO, flit. Of OVvi- 

arvjxi. 
acpdfa, {« (S. aipay-), 

kill. 
aipaTpa, t), globe. 
a<j>d\\a, a<paXS>, ruin. 
2<piyt, Zipiyyis, i), Sphinx, 

a fabulous monster. 
aippayis, TSos, t), seal, 

signet. 
a<pa, oipipv, dual of ai. 
ffx^it^a, aros, r6, form. 
"X ^ht Vt school, leisure. 



aafa, odau (S. aw), save, 
keep, preserve. 

Zancpdrris, Hutcpdrovs (ace. 
tti or ttjk), 6, Socrates, 
an Athenian philosopher. 

ffufia, awfiaros, t6, body. 

aurtip, o-urrjpos, i, pre- 
server, saviour. 

ffarnpia, y, safety. 

<n»<ppoVa>j, adv., prudently. 

aieippoavvT], 7), prudence. 

trdippay, ov, prudent. 

TiXamoy, ri, talent. 
•feXot, aiva, ay, wretched. 
raulas, i, steward. 
Tdvaypa, t), Tanagra, a 

town in Boeotia. 
TaVeuj, Tayd'iSos, i, the 

river Tanais (Don). 
TaVraAoj, i, Tantalus, a 

fabulous personage. 
ratiapxos, i, captain. 
rd^is, rd^tas, r), rank. 
ramiv6s, if, iv, humble. 
rairtivia, aaw (S. to- 

tcivo-), humble. 
rapiaau, {» (S. rapax-), 

thi'ow-into-confusioD. 
rapix*vw, aw (S. rapix*"-), 

embalm. 
rdcaw, {a> (S. Toy-), ar- 
range, post, assign. 
Tavpos, 6, bull. 
TouTci, for ra aura, fr. i 

ainis. 
Ta<pc?y, 2 aor. inf. of 0dw- 

T». 

rd(pos, i, tomb. 

tox««"J, adv., swiftly, 

quickly. 
Tdxiara, superl. adv., very 

swiftly. 
tox«5s, (7a, v, swift. 
Taxi, adv., quickly. 
ra»j, 6, peacock. 
Teix'Ca", «a> (S. T€ixi8-), 

fortify. 
T«xos, rtixovs, t6, wall, 

fortification. 



rlierw. 

Ttxyoy, ri, child. 

T€A«a>, iaa (S. t«\€-)> 
fulfil. 

riXfvrda, ijffo) (S. Te\(v 
to-), bi ing-to-an-end 
(t. e. fiiov), die. 

Tijivm, Tfp.ii, cut, lay- 
waste; I. G. i. p. 
131. 

Tip.*T\, rd, inded., the 
valley of Tempe, in 
Thessaly. 

rtpas, TtpaTos, t6, wonder, 
prodigy. 

Tipntvis, 7], iv, pleasant. 

Ttpifu, Teptyem, 7), enjoy- 
ment. 

Tfattapixovra, inded., 

forty. 

TCTapros, ri, ov, fourth. 

TeTpdms, num. ado. four 
times. 

T(TpaKiaxi\toi, at, a, four- 
thousand. 

tctjkucoVum, at, a, four- 
hundred. 

TcTptfarowi, ovv, four- 
footed. 

Terpapxia, }), tetrarchy. 

TJTT(aa)ap(s, a, four. 

Tf'TTi|, T«TTi70j, 6, grass- 
hopper. 

t«X>^. V, art. 

rtx^Vt) «t artist, arti- 
san. 

t7)ku, {» (S. T7)K-), melt. 

TTi^t/taxos, i, 'I'elemachus, 
son of Odysseus. 

tijAucoEtoi, avTT), ovto, so 
great. 

T^yoj, 7), Tenos, a Greek 
island. ' 

TxpciSs, TTjpc'ws, i, Tereus, 
a king of Thrace. 

tI, interr. adv., why? 

Ti07ifu, Itfaw (S. 0e-), place, 
give, enact, put, insti- 
tute, account, make, 

Tt0vi>6s i Tilhonug. 

rUra, rcfo/iai (S. t«c-), 



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206 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WOBDS. 



■rlKKa). 

produce, bear, lay ; I. G. 
i. p. 138. 
tIAAo>, tiA», 1 aor. friAa 

(S. tiX-X pluck. 
Ti/xdai, ijow (S. Tt/»o-), 

honour, 
riptf, q, honour. 
t l/iio$, a, oy, valuable, dear. 
Ttpuepia, ij, vengeance, 
rfvoi, T(ff» (S. ti-), pay; 

I. G. i. p. 131. 
rls, ri, interr. pron., who ? 

what? 

tii, ti, indef. pron., any, 

a certain (Lat. quidam). 

Ttotas, i, Tisias, a Greek 

philosopher. 

Tio-<raiptpyns, Tur<ra<p4p- 

vovs, i, Tissaphernes, a 

Persian general. 

•rnpixrKa, rp<i<rw(S. tjmo-), 

wound; I. G. i. p. 

135. 

[tX(W], rKfoofuu, dare, 

endure. 
rKrJuuv, ov, wretched. 
rotovros, aorij, ovro, dem. 
pron., such, of-such-a- 
kind. 
ToKiiioi, faa, dare. 
ri^evfta, TO$(ifiaTOS, to, 

bow. 
ro^eva, cat (S. to^cv-), 
shoot, slay (with a bow). 
TO<rovros, airi], ovro, so- 
great, such. 
Tort, adv., then. 
rpayifSia, i), tragedy. 
Tp&ne£a, v, table. 
TpoC/ta, rpaifiaros, ri, 

wound. 
rpaxis, ««, i, rgugh. 
rpcij, rpla, three. 
rpeira, Tptyw, 2 aor. %rpa- 
nov (S. tocit-), turn, 
put-to-flight; Mid., go 
over to another party, 
change. 
Tpl<pa>, eptyu (jp4<p^), rear. 
rpidicoma, indecl., thirty. 



A/itTCpOJ. 

rptaxicnot, at, a, three 

hundred. 
rpvl\pj]s, rpcliptos, ovs, i), 

trireme, a galley with 

three banks of oars. 
rphrovs, ovy, three-footed. 
rpts, num. adv., thrice. 
Tpio-KalStKa, thirteen. 
rpurpiptot, at, a, thirty 

thousand. 
rpurxl\iot, «"> °> three 

thousand. 
rplros, v, oy, third. 

Tpola, ri, the city of Troy. 

rp&waiov, ti, trophy. 

rpiros, i, in sin/, or plur., 
manner, character. 

rpotpii, ti, victuals. 

rpiiyu, ('fiat, 2 aor. Irpa- 
yov (S. rpay-), gnaw. 

Tpds, Tpaos, 6, Trojan. 

rvyx^vot, T€i5{o/xai (S. 
tvx-% meet-with, ob- 
tain (irith gen.) ; I. G. i. 
p. 133. 

rfarrw, tya (S. tot-), 
strike. 

rvpavvls, rvpavvlSos, i), 
tyranny. 

ripawos, i, tyrant. 

Tvpos, ri, the city of Tyre. 

TvtySiv, Tvtpuvos, 6, Ty- 
phon, a fabulous mon- 
ster. 

rixVt Vi fortune. 

vftpis, v&peus, 7j, violence. 
vfipio'ros, n, oy, violent, 

insolent. 
B&pa, i), snake. 
vSpanrucis, i\, iv, dropsical. 
SSap, iSaros, to, water. 
vl6s, &, son. 
"TXaj, i, Hylas, a beautiful 

youth. 
S\ri, i), wood. 
OfictS, vfiay, pi. of o*l5. 
ifi^Ttpos, a, oy, your, 

yours. 



*apy&Kns. 

S/iyzs, i, hymn. 
vw-dpxa, {», begin to be, 

am. 
inr-flKa, (a (S. vw-tuc-\ 

yield (with dot.), 
incip, prep, with gen., in- 

behalf-of, respecting. 
mep-$alya,$ii<ro/iai. cross, 

transgress. 
v-wtp4\<pavos, ov, haughty. 
inctp<ppwv, ov, proud. 
bmnpirns, 6, minister. 
irw'io'xvioiuu, viro-o'X'h ffo ~ 

puu (S. far-ex-), promise ; 

I. G. i. p. 131. 
Srvos, S, sleep, 
faro', prej'., with gen., by. 
faro-SeWo/ii, 8ei£co, point- 
out. 

farO^/iO, UToS^JUOTOJ, T(J, 

shoe. 

inrS-nctfutt, Keitro/uu, lie- 
under. 

Inro-Xa/ifidyw, A^ifo/uu, 
suppose. 

into-nlya, /xevSi, submit to. 

{nro-axho-ofuu, fut. of far- 
toxv4ofuu. 

6vo-rd<ro'<D, {«, subordi- 
nate. 

{nro-TtSn/n, 6jjo-a>, suggest. 

inro-x<mp(a, 'fica, tnore usu. 
iioopai (S. vKO-xo>pt-)f 
retire. 

'Tpnavla, Hyrcania, a 
country in Asia. 

Sototoi, i), ov, last. 

So-rtpov, adv., afterwards. 

tyr)\6s, ■it, iv, lofty. 

v\p6a, <&ou (S. £ifo-), exalt. 

<pay(~v, irreg. 2 aor. inf. 

fr. ic,0la. 
$a40wv, $a4$ovros, 6, 

Phaeton, a son of Apollo. 
<pavep6s, &\ iv, manifest. 
ipap/xaxov, ri, medicine, 

remedy, poison. 
Qapv&xns, 6, 1'harnaces, an 

Armenian king. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GREEK WORDS. 



207 



<f>d<rjcei>. 

<pd<rKui, no fut., assert. 
iftavkiCw, (Law) tw (S. 

<pav\iS-), disparage. 
<pai\os, J), ov, vulgar. 
ipeltiopou, ao/iai (S. ij>i8-), 

spare (iriYA jen.). 

*FptKu57)J, *f(JCKu8oi/r, 6, 

Pherecydes, a Greek 
philosopher. 

<p(pw, otaw (S. <p(p-, 
ive(y)ic-, »»-). b » n S» 
bear; I. G. i. p. 136. 

<ptiyw, (o/uu or £ovfiai (S. 
<puy-), flee. 

<prt/ii, <p4i<rw (S. #a-), say ; 
I. G. i. p. 121. 

rtpedyco, tyQtkaa, Mid. (pOij- 
ffo/xai (S. <p0a-), antici- 
pate ; I. G. i. p. 131. 

tpSetpw, (pa (S. <p9ep~), de- 
stroy. 

<p$lvo>, (peltrofuu (S. tp8i-), 
perish, decay ; I. G. i. 
p. 131. 

<p8oyy6s, i, voice, tune. 

<p6ovtp6s, i, 6v, envious. 

ipSovea, f)<rw (S. <pdvve-), 

. envy (with dat. of pers. 

and gen. of thing). 

(p86vos, i, envy. 

<pi\&v0pairos, or, benevo- 
lent. 

QtXapyvpos, ov, covetous. 

ipt\(a, i\aw (S. <pi\t~), 
love. 

<piKla, ft, friendship. 

<pi\ios, a, ov, friendly. 

♦fAnnror, i, Philip, king 
of Macedon. 

♦iAokt^tijj, i, Philoctetcs, 
a Greek hero. 

*tA6£evos, i, Philoxenus, 
a Greek poet. 

<pi\6irovos, ov, laborious. 

iplKos, i, friend. 

tplAos, 7), ov, dear, agree- 
able, fond-of. 

<pi\otro<pla, % philosophy. 

<pi\6oo<po$, i, philosopher. 

<pt\6Ttftos, ov, ambitious. 



tptu. 

<p\ty, <p\cf36s, t), vein. 

ipo&iw, r)(rw (S. tpofle-), 
terrify ; inMid.<poiZioum, 
■fiaopuu, fear. 

tpo^tpis, A, 6v, fearful, 
formidable. 

<p6$os, i, fear. 

*oiy»{, iolviKos, 6, Phoe- 
nician. 

(povda, <ru (S. (povev-), 
murder, slay, kill. 

tpovueis, r), 6v, bloody. 

<p&vos, i, murder. 

<popiw, 4\ffw (S. 'pope-'), 
carry. 

tipxvs, $6picvos, 6, Phor- 
cys, a fabulous per- 
sonage. 

QpAfa, aw (S. (ppaS') t tell 

<ppi)v, <ppcv6s, ii, soul, 
mind. 

(ppoviu, i)<rw (S. (ppove-), 
think, am sensible ; <ppo- 
via piya, am haughty. 

<pp6vri<ns, (ppovr^ctas, r), 
prudence. 

<pp6vi/ju>t, ov, prudent. 

<ppovri(a, aw (S. (ppovrtS-), 
care-for (trith gen.). 

*pi|, Qpvyos, i, Phry- 
gian. 

(piryis, (pvydSos, i, an 
exile. 

<pvyj, i), flight, exile. 

ojwAainf, i), a keeping- 
guard, prison. 

</>i5xo|, <pi\&Kos, i, guard. 

<pv\drrw, {w (S. (pvKac-), 
guard, beware of. 

<pv\t), i), tribe. 

<pi\Aov, t6, leaf. 

<pvpdw, dau\ usu. 4\bpw, 
<pvpffw (S. <pvp-), mix, 
defile. 

<Pv<tik6s, ij, 6v, natural. 

(piats, ews, r), nature. 

(pVTCVCC, aw (S. (pVTeV-), 

plant. 
Qvt6v, t6, plant. 
iptw, iaw (S. <pv-), produce. 



XOAoj. 

per/, and 2 aor. (in- 
trans.), iri<pvKa, %<pUi> 
(often used as j,res.), 
am ; vios 7re<pvK<&s, being 
young (»'.«. while young) 

QwkIwv, otvos, &, Phocion, 
an Athenian general. 

tpwvtj, r), sound, voice. 

<p&s, <pwr6s, r6, light. 

Xtripw, Mu (S. X<"P*-t 
Xap-), rejoice. 

XahSaios, i, a Chaldaean. 

XoAoriij, t), 6v, trouble- 
some, difficult. 

Xa\«r«5s, adc, with diffi- 
culty. 

XaKTvos, i, bridle. 

XdKKrfiivios, a, ov, of 
Clialcedon, in Thrace. 

XoXK r i, XoX/ci'Sor, r), Chal- 
cis, a city of Kuboea. 

X»A/cof s, i), oiv, of-bronze, 
brazen. 

Xapies, eo-<ra, ev, graceful, 

J pleasant. 
pis, xdprros, i), favouri 
thanks ; ace. X'P 1 " an ^ 
X^piTa. 
Xft/iav, x et l*"" , "' s t 'i 
winter. 

Xe'p, xcpts or X f P<*s. '/. 

hand ; I. G. i. p. 33. 
X^tpoTovew, T}GO (S. x €t P° m 

rove-), vote. 
Xt'pto, handle ; usu. i < 

Mid., xctpov/Aat, t&aojiat. 

overcome, subdue. 
X^puv, ov, worse, irreg. 

comp. of Koxis. 
XfKiiiiv, x €A, ^" 0S > ^i 

swallow. 
X*Kmvrt, i), tortoise. 
X*o>, fut. x^<», us, t< (S. 

Xff- or xv-), pour 
X*«, adv., yesterday. 
X^dv, xQwoh V, ground. 
xlfaoi, tu, a, thousand. 
Xorj, v, libation. 
xi^os, i, anger. 



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208 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — GBEEK WOBDS. 



x 6pros. 

Xipros, i, p ase - 
Xpo«, X/>1< ra ( S - XP?)> 
give an oracle; Mid., 

Xpdofuu, xp4> rt l uu i use 
(with dat.); 4>yjj xpl- 
<r0w, to indulge an- 
ger. 

tjS-), neigh. 
Xp^i, impcrs., it behoves. 

XpiJMOj PO^^ aTOI t T «f. pos- 
sessions, money (in p/.). 

Xfr/)<rinos, ov, also ij, or, 
useful. 

XpriffTJpiov, r6, oracle. 

XfrnarSs, if, •'v, useful. 

Xpi^rroViiJ, xfr\<rr6frtu<>s t 
i), goodness. 

Xp&vos, o, time. 

Xpuvlov, t6, gold. 

XflvcripaWov, r6, golden- 
fleece. 

Xpvois, i, gold. 

Xpuirod, 5> o^v, golden. 



X<4pa, >7, land, country. 
Xwp&v, foofuu (S. x»C*-X 

go, advance. 
X»piot>, t6, place. 
Xapur/iis, i, separation. 

without. 
X^pos, i, spot, place. 

ifeuSifs, t's, false. 

ifeCSos, <|^ u5ot/s, to", false- 
hood. 

<|i«^<rnjr, 4, liar. 

\jr/tf>tcrfia, ifni<plo-fiaros, ri, 
decree. 

t|/ij<f>oi, 4, pebble, vote. 

juXof, if, oV, bare. 

<Kd> 4> so" 1 . life - 

ij'Cxos, t^X "^ T ^» old. 

tjivxp^, <£, oV, cold. 

i, interj^, ! oh ! 
w$e, adv., so, thus. 
ifSri, r), song, ode. 



oi$(a, oi0if<ra> poet., and 
Haw (S. «0-), push, 
drive away; I. G. i. 
p. 130. 

ifios, 6, shoulder. 

aviopai, rf<rofuu (S. toy*-), 
aor. iirpia.fi.riy, buy ; I.G. 
i. p. 13ii. 

war, r6, egg. 

Spa, ft, season. 

upaios, a, ov, in season. 

'Clplav, avos, 6, Orion. 

a>s, conj., that; adv., as, 
how. 

w<rrtp, adv., as, just as. 

oris, vrlSos, r), bustard. 

&t6s, gen. of oZs. 

oxpcAtta, r), service. 

OHpthtO), lf<T« (S. ONpcAe-), 

benefit. 
i><pi\i/ios, it, ov, or os, ov, 
useful. 

v, see ipdu, I. G. L 
p. 13*. 



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( 209 ) 
INDEX II. TO VOCABULARIES. 

ENGLISH WORDS. 



The gender of Substantives is shown by the article (6, f), to") printed after the word. 
The terminations of Adjectives are given, and the future tense of Verbs. 
The stems of the Verbs will be found by referring to Index I. 



abandon, KaraKdru, tyw. 
able, am, Siya/uu, tivyfao- 

fuu. 
able, Sward;, 4i, 6y. 
abode, orlyos, cr4yovs,r6. 
abolish, \iu, <Tu. 
about, afupt, adv. and prep. 
abstain-from, ixt'xo^ai, 

a*pi£ouai (with gen.'). 
abundance, iupSoyta, i). 
abuse, XoiSopoviuu, AoiSo- 

rftrofiai (with dat.). 
abusive, ixippnTos, ov. 
Acarnanian, 'Aicapvds, 

'Axapvavos, t. 
accept, t4x l"Ut S4(o/iai. 
accomplish, inrtkiw, icriu, 

Sunrpdcrca, {«. 
accord, of-one's-own, ixdiy, 

iicovcra, IkoV. 
according to, Kari, prep. 

toith ace. 
account, tWti/ii, Bfav. 
account (subs.), pwtos, i. 
accursed, turanos, ov. 
accusation, SiafioXi), q. 
accuse, Kariryopita, faa, 

curiiofuu, io-opai (with 

gen. of thing). 
accuser, Karrijyopos, 6. 
accustomed, am, 10m. 
Achaean, *Axai6s, 6. 
Achilles, 'Ax'XXcisj >. 

'AxiXAews, 4. 



AFTEBWARDS. 

acquire, Kriopuu, 4i<ro)xai. 
acropolis, hcpiroKis, iucpo- 

■roKtois, r/. 
action, npa^is, -rp&Zcas, y. 
adamant, of, ata/iAvTivos, 

oy. 
add, xpovrldrifu, O^ffv. 
admire, Hya/jat, aydcopuu, 

8avfii£u>, orofuu. 
Adonis, "A&wvts, 'ASwviSos, 

6. 
adorn, Koauitt, <j<ra>. 
advance, xapiu, i\<rop.ai. 
advance - against, will, 

(retfu. 
advantage, tvno-is, (as, $, 

6<pe\os, ovs, t6. 
advantage, have, ovlvapai, 

hv^Boym. 
advice, fiovX-ti, avpfiovXla, 

V- 
advise, avn0ov\du, o~u, 

wapaw4w, 4ffu. 
Aeacus, Alax6s, 6. 
Aegeus, Aiycis, Aiyius, i. 
Aeolus, AXoKos, i. 
Aeschylus, Ataxics, 6. 
Aeson, AXattv, Ataovos, 6. 
Aetna, Atrrn, {/. 
affair, irpayfm, Trpiyparos, 

r4. 
after, /itrd, prep, with aoc. 
afternoon, }e£t% q. 
afterwards, v<rT(pov, adv. 



AMAZON. 

again, xi\w, adv. 
against, M, prep, with 

ace, Kari, with gen. 
Agamemnon, 'Ayan4fivwv t 

'Ayap4ia>oyos, i. 
age, riXucla, y. 
age (an), aliisv, aluvos, i. 
Agesilaus, 'Ayva(\aos, i. 
agreeable, <pikos, ij, oy. 
aid, flo^fleia, q. 
air, hi)p, lApos, i. 
Ajax, Alas, Alamos, 6. 
Alcibiades, 'AKKifiidSris, i. 
Alexander, ' AXityaitpos, 6, 
all, ras, raaa, ray, Suras, 

aaa, ay. 
all-sorts, of, itavTolos, a, oy. 
alliance, avupmx'a, >). . 
allowed, it is, ({tort, 

impers. 
ally, ai/ifiaxos, i. 
alone, pAvos, 17, ov. 
already, ijin, adv. 
also, Ktd, conj. 
altar, $a>fi6s, 6. 
altogether, irdyv, adv. 
always, act, adv. 
am, eifd, (crofuu, ylyvo/uu, 

yerllfonai, inrdpxw, {«>, 

TtiipvKa, iipvv (see <piu>). 
am-about, fi4\\u, fieK- 

\-f)Oi*. 
KJprjLtnaBf, 'ApLa(wv> 'A)ia{6- 

yus, rf. 



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210 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— ENGLISH WORDS. 



AMBASSADOR. 

ambassador, irp4<r0us, ews, 

d. 
ambitious, QAiripris, oy. 
ambrosia, a/iUpoffia, t). 
ambush, iyitoa, q. 
among, leapa, prep, with 

dat. 
Amphion, 'Apiplwy, oyos, i. 
Anacrcon, 'Araxpiuy, 

UTOl, A. 

anarchy, ayapxta, V- 
Anaxagoras, 'Ava%ay6pas, 

A. 
ancestor, irpiyoyos, A. 
ancient, apxeuos, a, or, 

iraAaios, d, 6y. 
and, Kai, conj. 
Androgeos, 'Avtipiyeas, A. 
anger, ip-rf, y, x^<"y »• 
angry, make, ijrylfa, im. 
angry-with, am, pi)pfa>, 

(iVoi)iw, opyifafim, toipxu 

Icith dat.). 
animal, (Soy, ri. 
announce, kyyiWw, «AS, 
another, SAAor, r), o, 

erepos, a, oy. 
another, of or to one, 

oaAiJAoik. 
answer, ixoKplvoficu, Kp. 

yovficu. 
ant, flippy^, n&ppnKot, A 

and i). 
anticipate, <pSivu>, tpBdiTw, 

Mid. tpSjtroficu. 
Antigone, 'Aytiyiini, %. 
any, tij, ti. 

Aphrodite, ' AQpotlrri, i>. 
Apollo, 'AwiKAay, 'Awi\- 

\ayos, A. 
appear, louca. 
appease, l\d<ricofuu, l\iffo- 

fiat. 
applaud, (iSoKipi.iu(jiau>). 
appoint, iroSeinyuiu, Se/Jw, 

Apifa, tffa and w. 
approach, *Ai)o*u(£», era, 

wpia-ei/ii, Ttpoap.iyvop.1, 

pt(u (with dat.). 
Arab, 'Apaty, 'Apafih,' A. 



Archedemns, 'Apx<8wi*os, A. 
archon, &px<»y, oyros. 
Areopagus, "Aveiofinfyof, A. 
Ares, "ApTjs, "Apcos, A. 
Argive, 'Apytios, o, oy. 
Argus, "Apyos, A. 
Aristides, ' Apiote\Si)t, 

'ApurrtiSovs, A. 
Aristippus, ' Aplcmwros, A. 
armament, atpotid, r>. 
armed-man, heavy, otA/- 

TTJJ, A. 
Armenius, 'Apptiyios, A. 
arms, aVAov, ti, in pt. 
army, trrpdrev/ia, atpatev- 

twros, ti, otpaTis, A, 

trrpartd, f/. 
around, wept, prep, with ace. 
arouse, Kiviu, 4)<ru. 
arouse-from-sleep, iwi- 

imiiu, ayaariio-tc. 
arrange, rdff<rw, £w, oUceao, 

ijffw, StariSnut, fr/iaru. 
arrive, iupuevto/uu, l£ofuu. 
art, Tfxni, v- 
Artapates, 'ApTeardrns, A. 
Artaxerxes, 'Apto^epiris, 

'Apra^fp^ou, A. 
Artemis," Apr tfus, 'Aptd/u- 

8or, ti. 
artisan, artist, rcxyrnp , A. 
as, i>s, adv., ua-tttp, adv. 
as-far-as, n4xphP re P- with 

gen. 
as-great-as, 8V01, if, oy. 
as-many-as, tiros, v, oy. 
Asclepius, 'Ao-K\ifKi6s, A. 
ashamed, am, aiaxfoopM, 

olaxwH\aopax and euV- 

Xwoviuu. 
Asia Minor, 'Acta, r). 
ask, a2rl(a, iparrda, ijou. 
Aspasia, 'Atrraaia, i). 
ass,' oror, A. 

assert, ipdaxu, nofttt. 
assign, iirnptiro, <^u, 

rd<ro-w, ttpoatdaaa, fo>. 
assist, avffwetBa, ffw, xap- 

iarrifu, ■Kapairriiaa, 
"•• fhriBiu, %<ra (with dat.). 



BATTLE. 

associate, bpn\ew, •fi<rw. 
Assyrian, 'Aaaipios, a, oy. 
astound, im\f\Gau, {w. 
Astyages, ' Ao-rvdyns, 

'Affrudyovs, 6. 
at-home, ofcoi, adv. 
at-least, ye, enclitic par- 
ticle. 
at - some - time - or -other, 

*OTf, adv. 
at-the-same-time, fijiux, 

adv. 
ate, (tpayoy, 2nd aor. of 

ia6U>. 
ate-up, Kart(payov, 2nd 

aor. of KarecrSta. 
Athena, 'ABr/ya, ri, 
Athenian, 'ABTjyaios, i. 
Athens, 'ABijyai, al. 
Athos, "ABas, a, 6. 
Atlas, "At Am, "ArAarros, 

i. 
Atreus, 'Arptis, 'Arpiws, i. 
attached, irpoffBeris, Ay. 
attack, imrtBtiiat (Mid.). 
attack (subs.), io-poXii, ^. 
attend-to, Bfpareia, era. 
Attica, 'ATTuefi, $. 
Attica, of, 'Attiko'j, 4, l*. 
authority, i^ooaia, i). 
avarice, -rXtovttfa, ij. 
avert, aTorptww, i/*w. 
awake, am, iyplryopa (2nd 

perf. of tyelpw). 
awaken, iydpa, epa. 
away, put, aTorlBripu, 

Bi/o-u. 

back, y&roy, ri. 
Bactra, Bdicrpa, ti. 
bad, Kojcis, it, iv. 
bag, luTnis, i. 
barbarian, fjdpfjapos, i. 
bard, ioiSis, i. 
bare, tf/tAis, $, iv. 
base, alffxpis, d\ iy- 
bath, fiaJKavuov, ti. 
bathe, \oiopim, Mid., see 

Xoiu. 
battle, pdxi), v- 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 211 



battle-on-horseback, finro- 

fiaxta, V- 
beam, dirrfs, luertvos, 5. 
bear, <pepa, olaw ; (bring 

forth) tIktw, t((oiuu. 
bear-witness, imprvpia, 

■haw. 
beast-of-burden, (evyos, 

faiyovs, t6. 
beautiful, ko\6s, 4i, iv. 
beauty, ko\Aos,kAkKovs,t6. 
because, Sti, conj. 
become, yiyvopLai, ytviiao- 

Itttt. 
become-master-of, Kvpieva, 

aw. 
become-weary, Kdpva, 

Kaiiov/mi. 
becoming, it is, rpetrei, 

impers. 

bed, koIti), )j, K\ivn, t). 

bee, /i&jtto, y. 

before, irpo, prep, with gen., 

irplv, vpirtpov, ado. ; 

before that, np\v <f. 
beg, ourew, jaw. 
beget, ytvvdw, ^aw. 
beggarly, irrwxos, <, iv. 
begin, ipxouai, dp^op-ai. 
begin-to-be, vrdpxw, |«. 
beginning, apxJi V- 
behoves, it, xrfi icpitsi 

(with dat.), imrcrs. 
belly, yaaTJp, yaartpos, r). 
benefactor, depyiTns, i. 
benefit, uxpcXzw, jam, wi- 

vnui, bvjaw, euepyerea, 

jaw. 
benevolent, <pi\d.vOpor*os, 

ov. 
bequeath, KaraKflirw, <tyw. 
besiege, troXtopKiw, jaw. 
best, iptaros, 7), ov, Kpd- 

TlffTOS, n, ov. 
betray, ltpoSiSwiu, Sdaa. 
betrayer, irpoSirns, 6. 
better, apetvaiv, ov, /3e\- 

TIWV, OV, KpflTTOlV, OV. 

between, /t«ra{i, aoV. and t 
prep, with gen. 

10 



BRAVEET. 

beware-of, <pv\dTTw, {a>. 
bird, ipvis, SovtBos, and i), 
Spvtov, TO. 

birth, of-low, aytvvjs, is. 
bite, Sdxvw, tj(opuu. 
bitter, irutpis, d, iv. 
black, ne\as, euva, av. 
blame, ftffupo/uu, tyopat, 

aiTtdopiai, daoftai. 
blessed, fidxap, fxaxapos, i 

and ri, also aipa, ap. 
blessings, ThyaSi, n. pi. 
blood, aXjia, atfiwros, r6. 
bloody, {povueis, j, iv. 
bloom, ixaj, i). 
blow, irvtw, irvfiaop.ai 

and irvevaov/iai. 
blow (subs.), r\rryj, ij. 
blush, ipvipidw, (aw). 
boar, avs, avis, i. 
boastful, ntya\jyopos, ov. 
boastfulness, pfyaXnyopla, 

V- 
body, amfia, ff&p&ros, t6. 
Boeotia, Boiwr'.a, $. 
Boeotian, Boumis, 6. 
boil, bvtyw, ifrjiroi and 

ipr/aoficu. 
bold, Bpaa&s, e?a, i. 
boldness, ■Kap'jntaia, r/. 
bone, offrovv, t6. 
booty, Ktia, r). 
born, am, y4yova. 
borrow-on-usury, Savtt£o- 

luu, irofiai. 
both (conj.), t«, ko( ; both 

. . .and, tc. . .Kai. 
both (pron.), b\uipw, o?v. 
both-of-us, vdt, v$v. 
both-of-you, a^xi, a<p$v. 
bow, T«|ev/uz, To^duaros, 

to*. 
bowl, Kparjp, Kparnpos, 6. 

boy, TCOAS, iratSis, 6. 

Brasidas, BpaoiSas, 6. 
brave, &AKip.os, i), ov, av- 
tipeios, a, ov, byaOis, 4], 6v. 
bravely, ivSpelas, adv. 
bravei-y, avtipeta, avSp'a, 4 



brazen, xaAxoiis, %, ovv. 
breach-in, make a, S10- 

ffltdTTW, ||'<|I. 

breadth, cfipos, etipovs, to. 
break-through, Siap^y- 

wfii, frfifc* 
break-up-an-encampment, 

ava^tvywfit, favka. 
breathe-out, ixicviw, irveu- 

aofuu and irvtvirovfuu. 
bride, vviupn, %. 
bridge, yi<pvpa, T). 
bridle, xa^ivis, i. 
bright, \afiirp6s, d, iv. 
bring, <p epu, oXau, Ko/tlfa, 

aw. 
bring-in, ciatytpw, oiaw. 
bring-on, i-KKpepw, iiroiaa. 
bring-to, irpo<r>p4pw, oiaw. 
bring-up, ivdyw, {». 
bring-up (rear), bvaTpt<pw, 

Optyw, vatoevw, aw. 
bring-up-with, avvrpitpw, 

Bptyw. 
broad, eipvs, tta, i. 
bronze, of, xoAkovs, ri, ovv. 
brother, aic\<p6s, 6. 
build, oiKooofjLcw, jaw. 
bull, ravpos, i, 0ovs, $o6s, 

6. 
burn (trans.), Kalw, Kaiaw, 

ipiclicpiifu, irpjaw. 
burn, cease to, KaTaafiivw- 

iuu (Mid.). 
burn-down, KaTaQKiyw, 

£w, Karcutalw, Kaiaw. 
burnish, ixKaSaipw, apw. 
bury, Sdxrw, tyw. 
bustard, wtis, wtISos, 7). 
but, Se, conj. ; a\Kd, conj. 
buy, wviopuu, jao/tat. 
by, irapd, 6*6, prep, vith 

gen., xard, with ace. 
by-means-of, Sid, prep, with 

gen. 

Cadmus, Kdo/tos, 6. 
Caeneus, Katvevs, 4ws, 6. 
Caesar, Kataap, Kataapos, 6, 
Caius, rd'ios, i. 



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212 



INDEX TO VOCABULABIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



call, koAmd, taw, bvofxdfa, 

trv. 
call-together, avyKaXiw, 

iam. 
Callias, Kakxias, t. 
Callimachus, KaWlftax 0S t 

6. 
calm, fSSios, a,ov; I. Q. i. 

p. 3 3, obs. 3 (like niaos). 
calumniate, StafiiWw, 

fiiXm. 
calumny, Sia$o\4, v- 
Calypso, Ka^wfxi, ovs, ij. 
Cambyses, Kafi$iaris, i. 
camel, Kfi/x-nKos, 6. 
camp, ffrparixtiov, ri. 
can, Si/yauai, Swrjffoiuu. 
capable, 'maris, if, <(>>. 
capital, priTpiirotos, iti- 

\CWS, T). 

captain, ra#apxos, *• 
captive, aix/"'**"' 1 "; '• 
care, ixific\cta, q, K^Sas, 

care-for, tppovrlfa, aw 

(ic»tA gen.). 
care-of, take, IxtntKo/uu 

and ixintkcofuu, jaopai 

(with gen.). 
care, it-is-a, /ifAct, iiati 

(ioi'M dtit), impers. 
carefully, ixtucXws, adv. 
carry, octfyui, (oi, Kouifa 

aw, <popiw, i\aw, xopevw, 

aw. 
carry-off, af>*x£{a>, era. 
carry-past, xapaipipw, 

■KOpoiffW. 

cast-down, KarafiiKKw, 

0a\w. 
cast (of dice, &c), 0i\os, i. 
Castor, Kdarwp, Kdaropos, 

o. 
Catana, Kardyi), t). 
cause, vapianiiu, xapa- 

arijaw. 
cause {subs.), atria, q. 
cease-from, xaio/uu, xa&ao- 

pat, fieSlaraiuu, fitra- 

<mj<ropai (with gen.). 



COCK. 

cease, make to, xavw, 

xavaw. 
Celtiberian, Ke\ri0t)p, 

K(\Tl0r)pos, i. 
Centaur, Ktrravpos, i. 
Cerberus, Kep0epos, i. 
certain, a, ris, ri. 
Ceto, Ki)rw, K7rroDj, t\. 
Chalcedonian, of-Chalce- 

don, XaKiaiSivios, a, oy. 
Chalcis, XoXkIs, XafuciSos, 

V- 

Chaldaean, XaXtcuos, i. 
change, /MTcrri'ftj/u, (hj<r<», 

HerafidAXw, 0aKw. 
change (subs.),pcTa0o\j, f). 
character, f0os, ISovs, ri 

(pi.), rpixos, o (pi.). 
charge, atria, 4- 
chariot, apixa, ipimros, ri. 
charioteer, r/vioxos, i. 
chastiser, KoKatrnfs, 6. 
cheat, axardw, t)aw. 
chest, iclarr), fi, KtBwris, 

V- 
child, reKvov, ri, xous, 

xaiSis, i and tj. 
child, little, xaiSioy, ri. 
choose, aipovftat, aipfiaofuu. 
Cilicia, KiAucfa, i). 
Cimon, Kifuny, Kt/iwyos, i. 
citadel, axpa, tj. 
citizen, xoXirnis, 6. 
city, &arv, Hartos, ri, 

xiMs, xiKews, »j. 
claw, ovv£, fovxps, &. 
clean, KoBapis, d, iv. 
clear, make, 5i)\iw, maw. 
clear, very, Kar&th)kos, oy. 
Cleisthenes, KAeiaOdvns, 

ovs, 6. 
Clio, KAeuu, KAciout, f/. 
clothe, afjuptewvui, afitfn' 

4aw, apupiw. 
cloud, re(p4\-n, ^. 
club, jtixaAov, ri. 
Clytaemnestra, KAvrai/inf- 

arpa,fi. 
cock, kXfKrpvdv, aKacrpv 

ivos, i. 



CONSIST. 

Colchian, Ki\xos, i. 

cold, xf/vxpis, d, iv. 

cold (subs.), tyvxos, tyixovs, 

ri. 
colonize, Karouclfa, aa. 
come, am, 1iku>, (a>. 
come-by, lrapaTpfxa), Spa- 

fiovfiat. 
come-out, Qipxoiuu, cAew- 

aofuu. 
coming, what is, rb /U\- 

\oy. 
command, kc\c6&, aw, 

([(piarafuu, iviarliaofuu. 
common, Koiyis, j, iv. 
commonwealth, ■woXirtia, 

V- 
companion, iraipos, Kotva- 

vis, i. 
compare, xapa$d\\a, 

0aX&. 
compel, ayayxd^w, <rw. 
compose, awritniu, O^aa. 
compound, a~ufixTJyvu/ju, 

Ml"- 
comrade, rtKuttarns, 6. 
conceal, xaKiwra, </«o, 

Kpurrw, ifw (with double 

ace.), axoKpixra, ifi«. 
concerning, mpl,prep. with 

gen. 
condemn, KarayiyvdaKw, 

yvwaouai. 
confidence, wltrris, xiarews, 

V- 
confirm, 0e0aiSa>, liaai. 
confound, ciry^ew, x* w * 
Conon, Kivoiv, avos, i. 
conquer, ifrriw, vuciu, 

4loa (with ace.), xpariui, 

jaw (with gen.). 
consent, avyx&pnaa, tws, 

consider, aurrroiicu. <f/ofuu, 
SKOxia, ^irw, riyeo/uu, 
•fjaofuu. 

consign, xapaBiSwfu, S&aw. 

consist, avvlarafiai. 

consist, make to, avyi- 
arrifii, avarrfaw. 



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DSTDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



213 



CONSPICUOUS, 
conspicuous, am, wpixu, 

content, am, apieiopuu, 

evoficu. 
contest, ayiiv, ayuvos, 6. 
contrary-to, irapd, prep. 

with ace. 
contrive, firixuvdoiuu, 

jao/uu. 
converse, StaKfyopM, (o/uu. 
Corinth, Kiptvios, y. ■ 
Corinthian, KopivQios, a, ov. 
Corinthus, Kiptvios, i. 
corn, oytoj, 4. 
Corsica, Kvpvos, v. 
Cos, Kus, Kai, rj. 
council, $ov\-/j, ri. 
counsel, jSovAif, avpfiovXia, 

4- 
country, X^fh Vt xarpis, 

irarpiSos, 1). 
country, the, aypis, 6 (in 

plural). 
courage, 9vp.is, i. 
courier, rifiepob'pipios, 6. 
court-of-justice, Sucaorif- 

piov, TO. 
covetous, <pi\dpyvpos, ov. 
covetousness, xkeoye^la, t). 
■ cow, $ovs, $ois, T). 
cowardice, Ktutia, ij, StiXla, 

V- 
cowardly, SeiAoV, t(, 6v ; 

cowards, of SciAof. 
crater, Kpccrvp, rjpos, i. 
creeping, ipmtris, »j, 6v. 
Cretan, Kpr/s, KpTrris, i. 
Crete, Kpirrt), q. 
Critias, Kpntas, i. 
Crito, Kpbrav, Kpiravos, 6. 
crocodile, KpbiciBtt\os, i. 
Croesus, KpoTaos, 6. 
cross, fnrep$aiya!, ftrfaopai. 
cross-over, Stafiatvto, fijao- 

puu. 
Croton of, Crotoniate, 

Kp-ntoJidrtis, S. 
crowd, b/uXos, i. 
crown, crretpavita, ixxro). 
crown (subs.), are<pavos, i. 



cry-out, fiodw, iiaopat, 
Kpdfo, KfKpd£ofmi. 

cure, iarptiv, au. 

curse, apd, fj. 

cut, riixya, Tf/ui. 

cut-out, iKK&rrv, if/at. 

Cyclops, KiiicAanJ/, KukAsi- 
woj, i. 

Cynic, xuvixis, 4i, 6y. 

Cyprus, Kirrpos, r). 

Cyrenaic, Kvprivaixis, 4i, 
&v. 

Cyrnus, Kvpvos, $. 

Cyrus, Kvpos, 6. 

Daedalus, AattaXos, i. 
Danaus, Aavais, 6. 
danger, tclvtivvos, i, to 8«- 

vov. 
danger, am-in, KtvSvveiw, 

aw. 
dare, roXpAa, ijaw, [rxdw'], 

T\4i<rofiat. 
daric, Stipends, i. 
Darius, Aapf?os, i. 
darken, ap.avpita, toffto. 
darkness, axiros, ov, o ; 

sometimes okotos, aiti- 

TOW, T«f. 

daughter, Svydnip, Ovya- 

rpis, n- 
day, we'po, if 
dead, vexpis, i. 
dead-body, vckvs, viicvos, i. 
dear, <pl\os, i), ov. 
death, Bdvaros, i. 
deceive, i^mrardw, jaw, 

SoXiai, tliffus. 
decision, Kplais, ews, f). 
declare, aTratpalvai, fpavw. 
decree, ifnltpto-fia, tyitpiopa- 

ros, to*. 
dedicated, am, draxei/xai, 

KtlffOfUU. 

deed, tpyav, vpaypa, fiaros, 

ri. 
deem-worthy, d|«5to, do-w. 
deep, $a$is; jSapvs (of the 

voice), «<a, i. 
defend, iitapivw, vvu>. 



DEVISE. 

deficient, iytitiis, is. 
defile, <pvpa>, <p£paw. 
define, vtptypiipw, \fiai, 

Aplfafuu, lovpuu. 
Deianeira, Aydvcipa, %. 
deity, talp.a>v, Sa.tp.ovos, i. 
deliberate, fhv\tvw, <ru, 

and in Mid. 
deliver, iraWdo-ffoi, fa, 

ixoAuto, o-w (with gen. of 

thing from uhich). 
deliver - up, ivcupipa, 

iyoiffu. 
Delphi, AeAoW, of. 
Demaratus, Aap.dparos, t. 
Demeter, Arj^TTjp, A^rj- 

Tpor, ri. 
democracy, SijpioKpaTla, rj. 
Demosthenes, A-qpAadevris, 

AiifWcrOevovs, 6. 
depart, JjoAi'w, aw (in 

Mid.). 
deposit, KararlBriiu, bt\at>. 
descend, Karofialvei, /3^o*o- 

puxi, KaraSiw, <ra>. 
descendant, txyovos, S. 
descended, am, yiyova. 
desire, icpltpuu, iioopm 

(with gen.). 
desire (suis.), iirtSvpia, r). 
desolate, make, lpi)/i6a>, 

U(XU. 

despair-of, airoyiyvaCKa, 

yviio-o/uu. 
despise, Karatypoviw, r\aw 

(with gen.). 
destroy, KaraXiw, am, 

RwrmcoxTU, i|'«, iKKvpu, 

&ir6\Xvp.t, (o\(a<i>) o\ii, 

(pOdpat, <pdepto. 
destroy-utterly, itfWvpu, 

(oXiaat) o\u, 8ia<p9fipw, 

tp&. 
destruction, v\eSpos, i. 
determine, fiovKeio/uu, 

aopai ; I determine, 

Sokci pot. 
determined-upon, what- 

is, ra S6£avra. 
devise, aiciirTOfuu, tyo/tuf- 



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214 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— ENGLISH WOBDS. 



N 



die, 8vf)<rim, airoOvi)<riui>, 
Bayov/iai, rcXeirrdw, 

die-with, <ruv8vr)<rKu (or 

{w-)> davovpm (with 

dat.). 
ditFer, Siatpcpu, ttolcrw. 
difficult, &pya\4os, a, ov, 

XaXtirAs, l), Av. 
difficulty, am- in, caeopta, 

■f)<rw. 
• difficulty, with, xaAeirw?, 

adv. 
diligent, o"H-ou5a?os, a, ov. 
dine, Ztnrv4a, r)au. 
Diodorus, biA&upos, A. 
Diogenes, Atoyivris, A. 
Dion, Alwv, AiWos, A. 
Dionysius, Aiavvcnos, A. 
Dionysus, Aiipuaos, A. 
disappear, make to, lupar 

vl(u, ""• 
disbelieve, aviaria, r)aa. 
disciple, pa6iiTr)s, A. 
disclose, airoKaKinrno, ifw. 
discouraged, am, a8vp.ta, 

4)8u. 
discourse, \Ayos, A. 
discoverer, euperijs, A. 
disease, vAoos, if. 
diseased, voardo'rts, ts. 
disfigure, disgrace, alax"- 

vu, vvui. 
disgraceful, vovtipAs, A, Av. 
dishonour, inula, r). 
dishonoured, arifios, ov. 
dismiss, lublrjiu, i\aw. 
disorder, ara^ia, r). 
display-in, ivteli&viu, 

disposition, f$os, ijSovs, 

ri. 
dissension, Sixocrra&la, t). 
distinguish, Suucplvu, tva. 
distinguished, Sid<popos, or, 

4vnpavr)s, 4s. 
distribute, Sta&lSw/u, Sd- 

do, 8paa>, ou>, 4pyd£ontu,oo- 



fuu, xoUct, f)o-u, rparru, 

i a. 
dog, Kvav, kvvAs, A and r). 
dominion, apxh, J). 
door, Svpa, i). 
double - speaking, Six«- 

HvSos, ov. 
dove, mpiartpi, i). 
down (upon), icard, prep. 

with gen. 
Draco, Apdtcwv, Apiicov- 

ros, A. 
dragon, Spixav, ovtos, A. 
drama, Spd/m, Spd/iaros, ri. 
draw, Ufa, {*>. 
draw-up, avacnriw, dtra. 
draw-up-against, avTi- 

rdffffw, (w. 
dress, croXii, i). 
drink, irlva, irlofieu. 
drink (subs.), irorAv, t6. 
drinkable, iroVyios, i), ov. 
drink-out, 4kkIvo>, trlofuu. 
drink-with, avpcirivu, Trio- 
pat. 
drive, Mm, (ikicru) 

4ku. 
drive-away, oi8(ai, &<rw. 
drive-out, Qt.\aivw, ek&. 
dropsical, itpuiruds, t), iv. 
drunk (for drinking), 

ttot6s, i), iv. 
drunk, make, p.t8iffKo>, 

drunkenness, fi48ri, t), 

TcoXvoivla, 7). 
Dryas, Apvas, Apvavros, A. 
dwell, vlpue, vtp.£>, oiniu, 

r)crw. 
dwell-in, Karomlu, r)au>. 

each, (Kairros, r), ov. 
ear, ois, or As, tA. 
earth, yj), r). 
easily, paZlus, adv. 
easy, AAStos, a, ov (I. G. 

p. 39). 
eat, 4<r8lw, cSopai. 
eat-nn^ntTeSai) /eaTt<r(tfw,, . 

(Bovfiat. 



EKECHTHEUS. 

echo, i)x<&, iixovs, i). 
education, ircuSeia, t). 
egg, a/Av, ri. 
Egypt, Atyinrros, t). 
Egyptian, \iy{mTios, A. 
eight-thousand, oktojcut- 

X^""> at, a. 
eighth, 67500s, i), ov. 
eighty, dy8ot)novTa,indecl. 
elate, iiraipu, ap&. 
elder, Ttpeo-fHrcpos, A. 
element, croixftov, ro\ 
elephant, 4\.4<pas, 4ht- 

ipavTos, A. 
embalm, Tapix*iu, cnt. 
embassy, teptafitia, r). 
emporium, ipiriptov, T&. 
empty, xevis, t), Av. 
emulate, (jo\Aw, <4(T«. 
enact, rlBifiu, @i]aa>. 
enclose, 4ici£(vyvviu, f etS£a>. 
end, Trepas, Triparos, rA. 
endure, [r\dw], tK^aoiua. 
enemy, wo\4iuos, 4x8p6s, A, 
enfold, afKpiKuKvTrru, ifro. 
engage, o-vpfiiWu, fiaku 

(with (lat.j. 
enigma, alviyfia, aivty- 

fiaros, ri. 
enjoy, ctiroAaiJco, aofuu. 
enjoyment, r4ptyis, t4p- 

enmity, txQpa, t). 
enslave, o~ov\6a>, taffta. 
enter, will, wdpti/u, elati/xt. 
entreat, S4o/mi, Seriffopai 

(»ith gen.). 
entrust, TrioT(Aa, am. 
envious, tpBovepis, i, Av. 
envy, <p$ovtu, i)cr<a (with 

dat. ofpers., gen. of thing). 
envy (subs.), ipeAvos, A. 
Ephors, "Ecpopoi, ol. 
equal, tcos, »), ov. 
equip, otc'aaw, tXS. 
Erato, "Epardi, 'Eparovs, 7). 
Krechtheidae, 'Eptx^e'tSai, 

ol. 
Erechtbeus, 'Epex8eis, 

'Epex<)4as, S. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULABIES. — ENGLISH WOBDS. 



215 



Eretria, 'Ep4rpia, f). 
Erichthonius, 'Epix96vios, 

i. 
Ertnys, 'Eptvis, 'Epwios, 

V- 
Eros, "Epas, "Epuros, 6. 
err, apaprdvw, ri]ffopau 
Eryx, *Epu{, 'Eoiwos, t). 
escape, $ia<pevyjv, £opat, 

dnoHdypdoKv, Sptioopai, 

airo(ptvya>, £o/uu or 

£ovpui. 
escape - notice, XavOdva, 

\il<ra>. 
especially, pixurra, adv. 
establish, KaBlarnpi, Kara- 

<rr^<r». 
Ethiopian, AiBloty, AlBlo- 

iros, 6. 
Euboea, E*/3 >ia, t). 
Euphrates, Ei^pirn;, ov, 

6. 
Euripides, Eipnrit-rjs, i. 
Europe, Eipimi, f). 
Eurydice, EwpuSi'mj, }). 
even, xai, conj. 
ever, totc, adv. indef. 
ever, for, iei, adv. 
everlasting, atStos, of. 
every, xaj, irStro, itav. 
evidence, paprvpta, r). 
evident, SfjAos, n, ov, and 

os, ov. 
evil, kcucSs, it, 6v, irornpSs, 

d,6v. 
evil-doer, Kaxovpyos, i. 
exalt, inf/6a, daa. 
exasperate, opytfa, iw. 
excel, Trpc'-jrw, if/oa. 
except, wXi)v, prep, with 

gen., and adv. 
excuse, irpAipacris, etas, t). 
exercise, aoiciu, i)tru. 
exercise (mbs.), ayavia, r). 
exercise, bodily, yvp.vi.ai.ov, 

TO. 

exhausted, become, xdpva, 

Kapovpai. 
exhibit, triSthampi, 8«f{«. 
exhort, vapofcivu, iivw. 



FEAB. 



exile, an, <pvyds, <pvyd&os, i. 
exile (banishment), <pvyi), 

expect, tpoaSoicda, i,au, 

TrpoaSix°l M h l°P*u- 
expelled, am, iicxtrra, 

trtffovpcu. 
expend, avaXiOKOt, Xwffu. 
expensive, itoXvr(Xi)s, 4s. 
experience, ipmipia, t). 
explain, <pp<l£u, arm. 
expose, Trpor/Bijjui, Itcrl- 

Brtpi. (Kio-w. , 

extent, api9p6s, i. 
extinguish, afiivvvpt, 

o~piau>, Karao-fifvvvpi, 

afiiaa. 
eye, 6<p8aXp6s, i, oppa, 

upparoi, r6. 

faction, o-rdais, ardaews, 

V- 
faith, irloTis, iriareus, »;. 
faithful, xiar6s, it, 6v. 
faithless, £ir*o"Tos, ov. 
fall, iritrra), treffovpeu. 
fall-away, ireptpp4a>, pei- 

cropat. 
fall-beside, <r upon, trtpi- 

irbrrto, iriffo pax. 
fall-down-bet'ore, Ttpoo-- 

tr'nerta, iretrotpcu. 
fall-in or on, ipiriwrtt, 

■Kfcoxpax. 
fall-in-with, <rvvTvyx&vu, 

rei^opat (with dat.~). 
false, <f> evSijs, 4s. 
falsehood, tyevb'os, tyevHovs, 

t6. 
far-from, am, iroXXov tea. 
fare, irpdrru, {«. 
fasten, irfyyvvpt, irl)^a. 
fated, p6p<rtpos, ov. 
father, yoveis, yovius, i, 

icarfip, icarpSs, 0. 
favour, x^P' J > X<fy" TOS > V- 
fear (suos.), (pojios, 6. 
fear, <j>o0eopai, rfffopat, 84- 

Soixa or Seiia. 
fear-of-God, Seo<r40eta, i). 



fearful, <po$ep6s, d, iv. 
feast, <rvpiciotov, ri. 
feather, irrcooV, t6. 
feed {trans.), jSoVku, faa. 
fetter, vilri, r). 
few, ixiyos, t), ov. 
field, yvns, &. 
fierce, ayplos, a, ov. 
fifteen, vevreKaiteKa, in- 

decl. 
fifth, trefiwros, TJ, ov. 
fifty, irwiifiorro, nubd, 
fig, fig-tMe. aitKOffti. 

fig h *> Mx^rKh &rOftl*, 

ovpeu. 
fill, vlpirXript, TrXi)0-u, 

avcaripirXript, TXijtrai 

(nith gen. of thing with 

uhic/i). 
fill-full-of, airoirlpirXjipi, 

ipwlirXript, trtntipirXitpi, 

ttX-^cw. 
find, eopiffKu, 4)ffa>. 
fine, 0£Dif, i). 
finish, Tepalva*, avw. 
fire, irvp, Trvp6s, r6. 
firm, f$4fJQA0s, a, ov. 
firmly, Ippupivws, adv. 
first, irpuros, l), ov. 
fish, IxBvs, IxOvos, i. 
fitting, am, irpoai^Koi. 
fitting, it is, irpcVfi, impers. 
five, %4vre, iudecl. 
five-hundred, ■KtvraKiiXtoi, 

oi, a. 
five - thousand, lrevraKio-- 

xtXioi, ai, a. 
fix, niyvvpi, ir?f J». 
flatterer, K<!Xa|, k^Aakos, 6. 
flattery, KoXaxela, t). 
flee, <ptijya, (o/uu or 

{oF/mk. 
flee-away, airo^co^yai, (o/uu 

or £ovpai. 
flee-for-refuge, KaTcupeyya, 

£opai or £oipai. 
flee-out-of, iK<pevyu<, £apat 

or (ov/uai. 
flesh, xpias, Kpias, t6, 

<rdp£, aapx6s, i). 



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216 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



PLIGHT. 

flight, $vyt,i\. 

flourish, avBiw, rjeroi. 
flow-from, irofpeu, fiti- 

aofim. 
flow-round, xepijlpJu, jiti- 

<roiiai. 
flower, &ydos, ivSovs, t6. 
fly-for-refuge, Karcuptiya, 

{o/uu or |ofytai. 
fly-OUt, iKWfTO/UU, irtrjfiro- 

puu, irrliBOjuu. 
foal, tuKos, if 
follow, bxoXovOiw, ijow, 

ino/uu, 4<pcwo/MU, i^o/iai 

(with dot.} 
folly, fiapla, rj. 
fond-of, <pl Aoi, i), or. 
food, ct<toj, i. 
foolish, tvovs, ow. 
foolishness, iuruvaria, r). 
foot, iro&s, voids, i. 
footstep, tx vos > ix vov h T 6- 
for, M, prep, with dat., 

irtpl, with gen. 
for, ydp, conj. 
for-the-sake-of, Hveici, 

prep, with gen. 
force, pla, §. 
forethought, xpo/xjjffia, 

■xpivitUL, 7J. 

forgetful, am, apirnnoviw, 

%<ru. 
forgetfulness, X?fflj)i V- 
form, elBoSy tf&ovs, o'x'hl^h 

\uxros, t6. 
formerly, itd\ai, adv. 
formidable, <po$ep6s, d, 6y. 
fortification, Ipv/ia, ip&- 

liaros, T(Tx»S, Tefx 0UJ > 

r6. 
fortify, t«x'C<», «»•• 
fortunate, (iSalfiwy, ov, 

tirrvxlis, 4s. 
fortunate, am, cvruxe'v, 

4<r». 
fortune, tuxi, v- 
forty, rtaoap&Kovra, in 

deal. 
found, ktI(u, ate: Kara- 

fidixu, jiaKu, in Mid. 



foundations, $*p4/\iot, ol. 
fountain, Kptrn, i), mtyh, 

four, TfTTapfj or rtff- 

crapts, a. 
four-footed, rerpdnovs, 

ow. 
four-hundred, rrrpaKoVtoi, 

oi, a. 
four-thousand, T€Tpeuc«r- 

X'^'oi, <u, a. 
four-times, num. adr., 

rcrpdnis. 
fourth, r4rapros, ij, ov. 
fox, aA(S»)f, o\(4ir«Koj, ^. 
free (adj.), 4\(i0epos, a, oj». 
free, Imokia, trie. 
free-from, axaAaWw, {», 

airo\iw, <ru (with gen. of 

thing from which). 
freedom, 4\ev8(pla, r>. 
friend, (pl\os, 6. 
friendly, <pl\ios, a, ov. 
friendship, tpiAla, rj. 
from, and, irapd, 4k or i(, 

prep, with gen. 
fruit, Kapir6s, i. 
fulfil, rt\4tv, 4aa. 
full, irKjpns, ei. 
full-of-years, mAverijs, is. 
Furies, the, Ev/xtylties, 

'Zpivits, of. 
furnish, Karao'Ktvdfa, aa. 
future, the, ret fUAAovra. 

gain, KtpSos, icipSovs, rd. 
Ganymede, rayuinjSris, i. 
garland, arifyavos, i. 
garment, Ifidrtov, rd. 
gate, Sipa, q, iriAii, »). 
Gaul, a, Ta\iri)s, i. 
general, o-Tparnyds, i. 
general-over, am, orpa- 

irryiiD, 7J<ra> (with gen.). 
gentle, icpaos or trpais, 

eta, ov or i. 
Gerenian, Tcpjvtos, i. 
get-together, a-vyltrrrifu, 

ffVCTijCO). 

giant, 7(701, 7/70VTOJ, 4. 



gift, Sapoy, rd, S&priiMt, 

Sapfoaros, rd. 
gird, fovyvfu, £u>fft*). 
girdle, £<$»ij, v. 
girl, irats, waiSds, f). 
give, SlSaifu, Sdaa, riOy/it, 

0j(ru>, avaSiSto/ju, Z&ffu. 
give-an-oracle, xp<" M » faw. 
give-birth-to, yeyyiui, ^aie. 
give-in-addition, itpoatl- 

tufu, ddxru. 
give-orders, ttapayyiKKa, 

ika. 
give-up, iieO'tri/it, faa. 
gladden, einppalyot, dyu. 
gladly, riSetos, adv. 
globe, <r<paipa, y. 
glory, Si^a, ^, Kkeos, 

Kkfovs, t6, evKXtia, r). 
gnaw, rpiaya, rpti^ofuu. 
go, ftaiyu, fi^ffofmi, \wpiu, 

•^aouxu, %px°f a h iKtiao- 

fuu, fiaStfa, tov/tai. 
go, cause-to, Ttj/ji. 
go, will, ttyu, vpitifu. 
go-away, will, btciiu. 
go-before, trpoepxa/uu, 

c\€V(TOfUU. 

go-down, KOTa5i5i'a(5&ra>). 
go-down, will, /caret/it. 
go-forward, Will, irpiuiu. 
go-in or into, will, ctcrei/u. 
go-on, 4iti0aivu, /3i)(ro/uu. 
go-out, licfialvw, frfoofuu. 
go-out-to-meet, will, 4w- 

go-round, will, irepUiyn. 
go-to-rest, Koifx.aofj.at, 4\ao- 

puu. 
go-to-war, Tro\cfiiw, 4<rv, 

iroktftl(u, {(•). 
go-to, will, xp6ix(tfu. 
goat, a% aly6s, i and v- 
goblet, KiiirfWov, t6. 
Gobryas, ra&pios, 6. 
god, 9t6s, i. 
goddess, ted, jj. 
gold, xp v *th *> Xf va ' im ^ 

t6. 
golden, xpvo-oPs, rj, ovv. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



217 



GOLDEN-FLEECE. 

golden-fleece, ■xpvtr6iwX- 

\ov, ri. 
golden-haired, (avBis, i), iv. 
good, ayaOis, if, iv, 4<r0\is, 

■4,6*. 
good-cheer, of, rpi$vfu>s, 

""• 
good-doing, dtpytala, i). 
good-fortune, eirrvxia, h- 
good-government, tvyofila, 

V- 

good-order, *irra£la, i). 
good-will, ftvoia, t). 
goodness, xpn\or6rtis, 

XprivrAnyros, r). 
Gorgias, Topylas, i. 
Gorgon, Topydy, Fopyivos, 

r). 
gossip, KaKid, i). 
graceful, ttxapts, hX"P^ tls > 

«<r<ro, ev. 
grandfather, irdnros, i. 
grant, iraj»'x<», {«, irapaTl- 

Ort/ju, 0faw. 
grass, x^pros, o\ 
grasshopper, rirrt^, t*t- 

rlyos, 6. 
great, niyas, d\ri, H^ya. 
greater, utifov, ov. 
greatest, niytoros, r\, ov. 
greave, icvy/ils, (cnfluTSor, v- 
Greece, 'EAAds, 'EAAdios, 

V- 
Greek,"EXA»;i',"E\\i(i'os, A 
grief, \inrn, r). 
grief, without, tKvros, or. 
grievous, Xinrnpis, d, iy. 
ground, x^^i X" <B ' < ' J > V- 
grove, SXdos, &\aovs, ri. 
grow, make to, avcupvw, 

CW. 

grow-old, yripdffim, dao- 

fULI. 

Gryllus, rpvWos, i. 
guard (subs.), <piKoJ-, $i\a- 

kos, 6. 
guard, <pv\d,TTG), {». 
guile, Si\os, 6. 
guilty, oTtios, a, ov (with 

gen.). 



HOEN. 



habitation, oueifrliptov, ri. 
Hades, "AiStjs, AiSovs, i. 
hair, 6pl(, rpixis, *l, «<W> 

V- 
half, r/fiurus, em, v. 
Halys, "AAvs, "AAvoj, 6. 
hand, x c fy*> X fl P^ s or 

X*pts, i 
hand-over, rapaSlSufu, 

twcw. 
handle, \up6a, t&aa. 
hang (trans.), Kpc/jAvvvfu, 

Kpe/idaw. 
hang (intrans.), Kpffia/iai, 

Kpf/tdaoiuu. 
happiness, S\$os, i. 
happy, fidxap, dpos, i and 

it, also /uutdpios, a, ov, 

SAjSios, a, ov, fiiSalfiaiy, 

oy. 
happy, am, (vSat/ioyia, 

i)ou; may I be happy, 

oval/niv. 
harbour, M/ii/jv, Atuivos, i. 
hare, \ay<is, 6. 
harm (subs.), $\d$ri, r). 
harm, $\dirrw, if». 
Harmonia, 'Apuoyla, r\- 
harmony, bp/ivauz, i). 
harvest, ordpa, r). 
hasten, ardtu, aw. 
hate, fuala, t)ow, ix^aipw, 

apw. 
hated, am, iirfxBdvouai, 

&irex&fi<roiicu. 
hateful, i%8p6s, d, 6y. 
haughty, lnr(prj<t>ai/os, oy. 
haughty, am, piya ippovew, 

if<ra>. 
have, lx<"> *£<"> o"x4o-a. 
hawk, it pat, Upcutos, 6. 
head, Ke<pa\r), t). 
head-of, be-at-the, iiplara- 

fiat, Imarfaojua. 
heal, idoficu, (roficu. 
hear, iucoiw, ffofiai (late 

fut. aw), Khiu. 
heart, napSla, v. 
heaven, obpavis, i. 
heavy, fiapvs, tia, i. 



6x\t- 



hcavy-armed-man, 

Trjr, 6. 
Hector, "Ektoio, "Ektojws, 

6. 
Helen, 'EAc'n;, i). 
Hellas, 'E*Ji.as,'E\\dSos,y. 
Helle, "EAArj, r). 
Hellenian, "EAAtji', *EAAjj- 

vos, i. 
Hellespont, 'EAA^riroiros, 

6. 
helmet, Kpavos, Kpdvous, ri. 
Helot, Ei\wTfit, i. 
help, ov?i\afi0dvw, to'^o- 

/uu (with dat.). 
help (subs.), /9<W)0eut, t). 
help-to-increase, o~wou>- 

(dvw or avvai%w, 
. av^ffw. 

hemlock, K<irfiov, to. 
Hephaestion, 'H<patorlwv, 

'H^aiffrlwi'os, i. 
Hera, "Hpo, r). 
Heracles, 'HpaK\r)s, 'Hpo- 

K\COVS, 6. 

Heraclitus, 'HodieXeiros, 6. 
herald, KTfy>v{, icfipvicos, 6. 
herdsman, voficvs, vo/jl4ws, 
here, Scvpo, adv. [A. 

Hermes, 'Epftf/s, &. 
hero, fiput, fipwos, i. 
himself, of, iavrov, r)s, ov. 
hinder, Kuhiu, iaw. 
Hippias, 'linrlas, i. 
his-own, iavrov, fjs, ov. 
historian, ovyypa<pevs, 
a~vyypa<pews, 6, Iffro- 

fnoypd<pos, i. 
d, txw, ifyt) or o-xjo-a. 
holy, oTrio;, a, ov. 
home, at, oXkoi, adv. 
Homer, 'Ofaipos, i. 
honey, u4M, /i4\vros, -ri. 
honour (subs.), ripr), t\. 
honour, vi/iAw, r)<rw. 
honourable, im/tos, ov, 

Kd\6s, t), 6v. 
hope, iXiris, iSos, r). 
horn, Ktpas, xiparos, 

Ktpws, TO. 



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218 



INDEX TO VOCABULABIES. — ENGLISH WOEDS. 



HOME. 

hone, Tinroi, i and r\. 
horseman, 'metis, irrtus, 

i. 
horses, acquainted - with, 

1-nrunft, rj, iv. 
hostile, ixfyds, d, iv, woA*- 

fuos, a, ov. 
house, Sa/ut, Smparos, ri, 

oIkos, i, inula, i). 
how ? twi, interrng. adv. 
how, ais, Sirtws, adc. 
how - great, how - much, 

how-many, utoVos, ij, 

Of. 

however, p.1\v, adv. 
human, avBpdrivos, ij, ov. 
humble, Tairiuiiu, dura. 
humble (adj.), Tarctvis, i\, 

iv. 
hundred, iieariv, mdecl. 
hundredth, iicaToo-ris, 4), 

iv. 
hunger, Tteivia, fata. 
hunger (subs.), KipAt, 6. 
hunt, Qrjpevui, ffta. 
huntsman, KavnytTTis, i. 
hurl, frhrrw, <\iu. 
hurtful, 0\a$epis, A, ivt 
husbandman, ytapyis, 6. 
Hylas,"TXos, i. 
hymn, v/ivos, S. 
Hyrcania, "tpKtxvla, r). 

I, iyti, iftai ; I indeed, 

iyuyt. 
Icarus, "ljeapos, t. 
idle, apyis, i), iv, pedf/fiav, 

ov. 
if, (I, conj. ; (iv, j]v, conj. 

used with subj. 
if (expressing a wish), 

«W«, inter/. 
ignorance, &yvoia, r). 
ignorant, apaBis, is. 
ignorant-of, am, ayvoiu, 

fata (with gen.). 
Ilium, "l\tov, ri. 
ill, kukois, ado. 
illness, vio-os, r). 
image, HyaXpa, iyi\paros, j 



INSULT. 

ri, ttSa\ov, ri, eUeav, 

ehcivos, r). 
immediately, eiOis, ode. 
immortal, iSivaros, ov. 
impartial, Koivis, 4), iv. 
im|>atiently, fiupivs, adv. 
impious, lurtfifa, Sua- 

o-(0r]s, is. 
implanted, tptpvros, ov. 
impose, eViTiflij/tu, Hfcrte 

(with dot. of pers.). 
impossible, aSvvaros, ov. 
in, iv, prep, with dat. 
in-addition-to, itpis, prep. 

with dat. 
in-behalf-of, vwip, prep. 

with gen. 
in-no-wise, ovSapas, ark. 
in-order-that, mws, adv. 

and conj., Ira, conj. 
in-vain, pi.T7)v, adv. 
increase, ab(ivu or afifyo, 

increase (subs.), aSfatris, 

au(fatus, 7). 
increase - together - with, 

avvav(ava, av(faui. 
indeed, piv, adv., St), adv. 
independence, airripxtia, j). 
Indian (subs.), 'IvSis, i. 
Indian, 'lvSucis, i), iv. 
indigenous, airrixBtav, 

ainixBovos, 6. 
indulge anger, ipyjj xpv- 

<r$tu. 
inferior, faatav, ovos, 

irreg. comp. of xaxis. 
informer, pnvvrTis, 6. 
inhabit, Karoudu, fate. 
injure, kSuciui, fata, fihiw- 

toj, ifro), Kaxiw, wffte. 
injustice, aSucfa, t). 
injustice, to do, iSucia, 

fata. 
insolent, t/fiptoros, 7), ov. 
instead-of, ami, prep, with 

gen. 
institute, tIBti/u, Bfata. 
instruction, iraiSda, 7). 
insult, irpomfAafcffw, cw. 



intelligence, avvttris, awi- 

aeas, r), vovs, i. 
intemperance, (ucoXxufia, r). 
intemperate, aicparrfis, is. 
into, €*s, prep, with ace. 
introduce, tiadya, £». 
invade, elc&aWw, akai, (p- 

fiiWu, a\u. 
inventor, tipvrfa, i. 
invulnerable, tinptaros, ov. 
Ionian, 'luvucis, r), iv. 
Iiis,*tfHS,"IpiSos, 7). 
iron, aiSTipos, 6. 
island, vr)a-os, 7). 
Isocrates, '\aoKpirr\s, i. 
Itys, "Itvs, 'Itvos, 6. 

jackal, Bt&s, Btais, i. 
Jason, 'liffuv, ovos, 
join, (ebyvvpi, (tifa. 
journey, oSis, 7). 
judge, Sucdfa, au, Kplvw, 

Tvu. 
judge (subs.), Sucao-rfis, 6, 

KorHjs, i. 
judgment, yvtifn), r). 
just, Sixmos, a, ov. 
justice, 8<m), t), SuauocrivTi, 

V- 
justly, tiKalas, adv. 

keen, Setvis, 4), iv. 
keep, <rib(a, adata. 
keep-off, axepvKu), fw. 
keep-safe, Sta<r<&fa, aa. 
keeping-guard, a, <pvKai4, 

V- 
key, kKtls, KKtiSis, 7). 
kill, Kraiva, iaroKTtlvo, 

(Vti, o<p<Lfa, {», (povtite, 

ffo). 
kind, yivos, ytvovs, ri. 
kindly, dfuv&s, adv. 
kindness, tbepye<ria, 7). 
kindred, kinsman, avy- 

yerhs, is. 
king, fiaoiKtis, BatrtKius, 

i, Kolpavos, 6. 
kingdom, PacriKtla, b.pxh, 7). 
kiss, to/via, kvow. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— ENGLISH WORDS. 



219 



knee, yiw, yivaros, ri. 
knight, iinreis, ias, A. 
know, yiyviiaitw, yviixrofiat, 

Mvrafiai, ar-fiaro/iai, 

oTSa, fiUfea. 
know-beforehand, rpioiSa. 
knowledge, iirurrlinri, ij. 

laborious, iroKitrovos, ov, 

<t>i\6xoms, ov. 
labour, itovtw, i\aa. 
labour (subs.), vivos, i. 
labyrinth, AafiipivBos, t. 
Lacedaemon, AaKcSat/imv, 

AaxeSalfiovos, f). 
Lacedaemonian, AtuteSai- 

nivtos, 6. 
lack, $4a>, Sclera. 
lack (subs.), fvStia, f). 
Laconian, Adxicv, Aojcmvos, 

o. 
Laconian-woman, Adicaiva, 

lady, h~itrtcoiva, f/. 
laid-on, am, iirlxfifuu, 

Keicrofuu. 
lake, Al/tvy, f). 
lamp, \a[ncis, KafatdSos, 1). 
land, xcfya, yv, y. 
last, iarxarros, Sffraros, w, 

ov. 
lastarf-all, rayiararos, 77, 

ov. 
lasting, l/iireSos, ov. 
late, ity/ios, a, or; I. G. i. 

p. 36, like p4<ros. 
laughter, 7^X01$, ytAaros, 

i. 
law, vifios, i. 

lawful, it is, <:{ etrri, impers. 

(with dat.). 
lay (eggs), rlierw, ritojuu. 
lay-by, Kararlthiiii, 6J)(ra. 
lay-hold-of, Sttw, tya (in 

Mid., with gen.). 
lay-waste, rifa/u, rfpui, 

Zyiu, <affta. 
lead, tyu, {». 
lead-back, brdyu, {a. 

10* 



LIKENESS. 

lead-out, ^iyw, (<■>. 
leader, riye/iiiv, Tiye/iivos, i. 
leaf, (pvAAov, ri. 
leap-down, Kceranfidm, 

i\troiuu, 
learn, p.av6dva>, nattiiaoiuu, 

TcvvB&voiuu, rtitrofuu. 
learning, fuifbj/ta, pa<H\- 

flXTOS, t/. 

least, ikdx'VTOs, n, ov. 
least, at, ye, enclit. part. 
leave, Acbroi, ifw. 
leave-behind, KaraAtlira, 

&Tco\tlit<a, \fia. 
left-hand, iipio-rtpis, d, iv. 
leg, o-KtAos, <TK(AOVS, ti. 
leisure, v%o\ii, t). 
lend, Kixpni"y X»V«- 
lend-money-at-u.-ury, So- 

Vflfa, ou. 
lengthen, nnxivu, vva. 
Lerna, Aepvri, y. 
Lesbos, Aco0os, rj. 
less, i\.dTT\ao~\wv, ov. 
let-down, nadiniu, rjtroi. 
let-go, avirjfii, ifpirjfu, cuftl- 

nfu, i\aa. 
let-pass-by, xaofoj/u, i\cra>. 
Leto, Airr<4, AtjtoOi, j). 
letter, iviaroAii, 17, ypd/ir 

lia, ypdfi/iaros, ri, 
liar, i^tio-rris, i. 
libation, x°4t v- 
Libya, Ai/3irt), ^. 
lie, Kei/tat, KeiaoyM. 
lie-under, biriicfifuu, xelo-o- 

ptu. 
life, aliiv, tuwvos, i, $los, 

o, f<4, V, tyvxt, v. 
light (suds.), (pus, (pwris, 

<re'Aas, o-eAaos, ri. 
light, koDiJws, 17, of. 
light-armed-soldier, ireA- 

Tao"T^s, 6. 
lighten, iufrpdvra, tya>. 
lightly, kovQws, adv. 
like, S/jloios, a, ov (uriM 

dat.). 
liken, S/toiiti, iiffa>. 
likeness, tlxiiv, t'iKivos x %. 



lion, kfav, Ktovros, i. 
lion's-skin, Kfovrij, %. 
lioness, Aeatva, tj. 
literature, ypdn/tara, to. 
little, a, 6\lyov. 
little - by - little, Kara 

little-child, icaiBlov, t6. 
lire, P1601, vffonat, {dw, 

lofty, i5</rtjAo'j, ^, <Jk. 
long, fuutpis, d, 6v. 
long-lived, luucpifiios, ov. 
longest, fi^Kiffros, tj, ov. 
lbok-at, Phiiw, ifxo. 
look-steadfastly-at, airo- 

look-to, irpo<r$\tTrw, tf'W. 

loom, iVtos, 0. 

loose, loostn, Avid, <ra>. 

loquacious, AdAos, ov. 

lord, Kvpios, 6. 

lose, airoffdAAui, jSSAw, 
&WAAv/u, (oAcVw), oAw. 

loss, Cw'n, ^> 

loss, am at a, hvopiw, Tjaa. 

love, &7airctai, ^irai, fyia>, 
(papal, lpa.aii\aopai 

(with gen.), 4>iA«cu, {<r». 

low-birth, -of, 470-^r, is. 

Lusitanian, kvo-rrtwi^ & 

Lycur^us, Ahkovo^a;, i. 

Lydia, AvSfo, 17. 

Lydians, AvSot, 01. 

lyre, Aupo, »j. 

lyric, Avpitds, j, iv. 

Lysander, AiaravSpos, i. 

Macedonia, McuccSoxfa, y. 
Macedonian, MaKtiovMds, 

4» (iv. 
Macedonian (suis.), Mouu- 

Seilf, Ma«c5(Jvoy, 6. 
mad, am, paivofuu, /uwli- 

aofuu. 
Maia, Mafa, q- 
maiden, ltaptivos, r\. 
maintain, tta^vKdrruy fa. 
make, iroitot, ijcra, TlBnpt, 

Shaw. 



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220 



INDEX TO VOCABUXABIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



make-consist, ffwlarjuu, 

ffvtrrfiffa. 
make-desolate, iprindw, 

Jaffa. 
make-preparations, itapa- 

CKevdfa, tra. 
make-war-upon, mkfpiw, 

iaei (with dot.). 
male, apayv, t*. 
man, &rlip, avtpis, 6. 
man (human being), Hv- 

Bporos, i. 
man, of, belonging to, like 

a, ItvOpitrtvos, i), ov. 
manage, tiarrtBrifu, $4trw. 
Mandane, MayScbtf, f). 
manifest, tpartpis, A, iv. 
manifold, mvroios, a, ov. 
manner, Idos, (Oovs, ri, 

Tp6iros, i, both in pi. 
Mantinea, MavTtvtia, ii. 
many, iro\is, itoWii, wo\v. 
many-necked, xoKvai- 

%*>">*> ov. 
march, arpartiu, ffa. 
market-place, ayopi, f). 
marrow, pvtkis, i. 
marry (of a man), ya.fj.ioi, 

•yajjM, (of a woman), 

yaixiopju, yaJjLOufjLcu. 
master, $€<rT<m)s, Kvpios, &. 
meat, xp4as, icpius, ri. 
measure, lUrpov, ri. 
Mede, MrjSos, 6. 
Medea, M^Seio, h- 
medicine, AAppaxov, ri. 
Medus, MigSoi, 6. 
meet-together, (rvviffrqiu, 

ffvorijffw, in Mid. 
meet-with, XarfX&w-i Wj{o- 

pat, royx&vu, rfi(oiuu. 
melt, tIiku, {at. 
Memnon, Kepvuv, Me'/iwo- 

yos, i. 
memorable, HiiKoyos, oy, 
Memory, Vivrt\wff\ivr\, i). 
Menelaus, MtvtXaos, i. 
mercenary-troops, Mkov 

pou, al. 
merchant, (firopos, i. 



message, ayytX/m, byylK- 

paTos, ri. 
messenger, tyy€\os, S. 
metal, piraWov, ri. 
middle, ixiaos, ij, ov ; the 

midst, ri pUffov. 
mild, -rpaos or irpats, cut, 

ov or i, aflpis, i, ov, 

fjfifpos, a, ov. 
Milesian, MiAijtrios, a, ov. 
Miletus, MUtjtos, $. 
milk, yiXa, ydXatcros, ri. 
Milon, Kl\av, MfAwos, S. 
Miltiades, yiiAriiSijs, i. 
mina, /urn, /was, v. 
mind, vovs, i, tppiv, ipptvis, 

li- 
mine, i/iis, 4, iv- 
minister, fon/peVijs, i. 
Minos, Hlwt, A. 
mirror, Karorrpov, ri. 
misfortune, ffvfupopd, ri, 

brvxla, i), Svffrvxfa, 4- 
mistress, Seffvotva, $. 
mistrust, axurrla, v. 
mil, Ktpivwiu, ncpiffv, 

plyvuiu, few, ipipa, 

((pipffu), also lengthened 

form, Qvp&u, iaw. 
mode-of-life, tlaera, y. 
moderate, tyKparfis, 4s, 

liirpws, a, oy. 
moderation, /uff&rns, 

luffirrrros, % pjrpov, 

ri, ntffov, ri. 
moderation, with, nerplws, 

adv. 
money, %p4tnara, r<L 
month, fiiiv, /invis, i. 
monument, o-rijA?), $. 
moon, fftk4\vn, %. 
more, x\eluv, oy. 
more, ttxioy, itaKXov, adv. 
mortal, Byrrris, i\, iv, 

fiporis, 6. 
most, vXiiaros, q, ov, 

superl. of roXvs. 
most, most-of-all, pjLxtffra, 

adv. 
mother, p.ifti\p, p.irrpi%, i\. 



mother-city, \a\rpiico\xs, 

t6\fUS, 7). 

mountain, 6pos, opovs,'r6. 
mourn, vtvBlw, iicru. 
mouth, a-rijta, ffrd/ueros, 

"ri. 
much, noXv%, ToXXii, vo\i. 
multitude, it\9j0os, vA^- 

Sovs, ri. 
multitude of kings or 

rulers, TtoXvicoipaviri, i). 
murder, tpovetiu, tra. 
murder (subs.), <p6vos, t. 
Muse, MoCero, r/. 
must, Set (fmpers. verb). 
my, mine, 4/jJs, 4, iv- 
my-own, of-myself, titno- 

Tov, rjs, ov. 
myriad, /ivpiis, dSos, ii. 
Mytilene, MvriX^vri, fi- 

naked, yviivis, 4, iv. 
name (subs.), iyo/m, ovi/utr 

ros, ri. 
name, ivopdfa, att. 
narrow-strait, artviv, ri, 
nation, tivos, t$vovs, ri. 
native-land, itarpls, rarpt- 

Sos,fi. 
natural, tpvffucis, 1\, iv. 
nature, <piffts, <pi<reus, f). 
naval, vavrucis, 4, iv- 
Nazian, Hitios, a, ov. 
near, lyyis, adv., and 

prep, with gen.; wept, 

prep, with ace. ; it\rifflov, 

adv. 
necessary, iwayxcuos, im- 

riiSetos, a, ov. 
necessary-things, ra St- 
oma. 
necessity, iyiyiai, {/. 
neglect, aptXta, ian (with 

gen.), mptop&u, ityopw, 

fuBlviu, rf<r». 
neither, oBri, obit, /tifre, 

lafii, conj. 
neither (of-two), obSfatpos, 

a, ov. * 
Nemea, He/iJa, i>. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



221 



Nestor, Nc'orwp, Ne'oropos, 

6. 

net, tiiicrvov, to. 

never, oftrorc, fiiprorf, 

adv. 
never-at-any-time, ovSc- 

ttotc, adv. 
nevertheless, nivroi, conj. 
new, vtos, a, ov, Kcuyis, r), 

iv. 
news, iyytXla, i). 
next, &TC1TO, otic, and con/, 
night, «J{, vwrT<(s, ^. 
nine-hundred, IvvaxoVioi, 

at, a. 
nine-thousand, Ivvwuo- 

XfAiOi, eu, a. 
Nineveh, Ni'vos, jj. 
Ninas, N(voj, i. 
no, see no-one. 
no-longer, jUtikcti, aa7t>. 
no-one, ouSttj, oiSi/iia, 

obtiv, priStls, c/Ja, ^v. 
noble, 7t vvoToj, a, ov. 
nobly, ytwalas, adv. 
nor, oiiV, o6rt, juqSl, /rfjre, 

adv. 
north-wind, BoASSs, i. 
not, oi, ju^. See Syntax, 

p. 155. 
not-free, aveXefiBepos, a, ov. 
not-to-be-spoken, Inrijlfa- 

ros, ov. 
not-yet, jit^irw, oftra, adv. 
nourish, rptfpco, Qpfyw. 
now, -JJStj, arft)., vSv, ode. 
number, &pi$pis, 6. 
Nymph, Ui/upri, i). 

O I oh ! «5, into?'. 

oak, Spvs, Spvis, ft. 

oar, iprriUy, ro. 

oath, Spieos, i. 

obey, irtiSo/uu, ao/uu (with 

dat.). 
obscure, SSofos, ov, lupoids, 

is. 
observe, Bedopai, Aaopm. 
obtairi, Xaji&dvui, Xf)ifiouai. 

Krauixai, KTT)<rofUU, rvy- 



OPPOSED. 

Xcfyu, Tc^{o/iax (wftA 
?CTl .). 
occur, iraf>i0*nj/u, orijo-iii 

(Jfitf.). 

ode, #J^, ^. 

Odysseus, 'OSuo-cretfs, 

'O5ucro*cwy, d. 
Oedipus, OtSfarovs, toSoi, 4. 
of-all-sorts, xovtoToj, a, ov. 
of-such-a-kind, rotovros, 

oJm\, ovto. 
off (the coast), wtpi. prep. 

with ace. 
offer, SlSai/it, Sdtra. 
offering, iydBrma, otoi, to. 
often, iroXXdicis, adv. 
oil, IXaiov, t6. 
old, 7«pai(ij, a, oV (elderly), 

iraXaid>, a, <(v (ancient), 
old-age, yvpas, yvpvs, ri. 
old-man, irpiafivs, itpia- 

fitnts, yipuv, yipovros, 6. 
old-woman, ypavs, ypais, 

r). 
oligarchy, oXtyapxla, r). 
Olympia, 'OXvprta, t). 
Olympiad, 'OXvimds, 

OXvfartdSos, r). 
Olympian, 'OXi/iicuts, a, 

ov. 
Olympus, "OXv/nros, 6. 
on, wp6s, prep, with dat. 
on-account-of, Sid, prep. 

with ace. ; ivcica, with 

gen. 
once, &*a£, adv., wort,adv. 
once-upon-a-time, rori, 

adv. 
one, eft, fiia, %v. 
one-another, aXX^Xoiv, cuv, 

oiv. 
only, fuivov, adv. 
open, bvotyvvfii, avol(u. 
opinion, yvd>iiy, i) ; con- 
trary to opinion, irapa 

Si(av. 
opportunity, Katpis, 6. 
oppose, Ivavrtioiuu, <&<ro- 

fiat. 
opposed, tvavrios, a, ov. 



or, ij, conj. 

oracle, pavrtiov, x/"l <rT ^" 

piov, to\ 
orator, frffrup, tyropos, i. 
order, KtXtvw, au, itpoa- 

rdrrw, (w. 
order (subs.), rd£ts, rd^tms, 

V- 
Orestes, 'Opiarris, i. 
Orion, 'nplwv, uvos, 6. 
ornament, Kio~/ios, 6. 
Orpheus, 'Optpds, 'Oppcws, 

6. 
Ossa, "Oo-o-a, t). 
other, twos, ij, o, Xoacis, 

«, iv. 
other (of two), tripos, a, 

ov. 
others, of, aXXirpus, a, ov. 
ought to, Su (impera., with 

ace.). 
our, ours, f/fiirtpos, a, ov. 
out-of, iie, i(, prep, with 

gen. 
overcome, x f 'P^">> &<"*> 

vucdta, rjffw. 
overlook, irepiopdtc, 6^/ofiau 
overthrow, KaraXva, am. 
owe, btpdXw, t)bu. 
owl, yXai£, yXavxis, i). 
own, iSios, otKfios, a, ov. 
own, thy, o*eavrov, r)s, ov. 
own-accord, of-one's, iicdv, 

ovo-o, 6v. 
ox, 0ovs, $o6s, i. 

pace, firma, Pr)imros, ro. 
Paean, nadir, Ttaiavos, i. 
pain (trans.), aXyifw, Vv&, 

Xvrtu, t)(Tu>. 
painful, iXyetvis, i), 6v, 

Xinrnp6s, a, iv. 
paint, ypdtpu, ij/a>. 
painter, ypa<ptis, ypwp4ws, 

i. 
panegyric, iyK&nwv, ri. 
l'aralus, ncipaAos, 6. 
parasang, vapaa&yyris, S. 
pardon, avyyiyv&atat, 

yvtbtraneu. 



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222 



INDEX TO VOCABULABIES.— ENGLISH WOKDS. 



parent, yovfis, yoveas, i. 
part, pepos, ptpovs, r6. 
partridge, ire'pSif, ticos, i 
and ij. 

pass-by, iropoTpe'x«, Spa- 

fWVfUU. 

pass-by, will, xdptipu. 
pass-on (trails.), StaiiSwpu, 

8eSo*«. 
passion, xdSos, rdBovs, ri. 
passions, Svpis, i. 
paternal, xarpyos, a, ov. 
path, &D6s, ii, 
Patroclus, TldrpoicXos, i. 
Pausanias, Ttauaaylas, 6. 
pay, TiVto, rtaw, lorei/i"*, 

riaw. 
pay (sute.), piaiis, i. 
pay-penalty, Siicqv SiSiycu. 
peace, ilpi\vT\, ij. 
peacock, rates, <i. 
pebble, *fir\<pos, j). 
peg, waTTaAos, <5. 
Pegae, Hiryai, oJ. 
Peiraeus, Ilcipaicfa, IIci- 

patiws, 6. 
Peisistratid, Ttuaiarpa- 

rlSns, 4. 
Pelopidas, neAorftas, 4. 
Peloponnesian, IleAoiwi^- 

irios, (o), ok, IUAomwiJ- 

o*iokos, 4t <>>'- 
Peloponnesus, IleAoiroVd;- 

o-os, ij. 
peltast, w«\to<tt^s, i. 
penalty, fq/ifa, ^. 
people, Sijjuos, 6. 
perceive, alaBdyopat, 9-ti- 

aajim (with gen. or ace.). 
perform, tcarawpdaaw, {». 
Pericles, XlepueXris, Xlepi- 

Khiovs, i. 
perish, tpOivw, (pBlaofuu. 
permit, idw, idaw. 
Persephone, Tltoadpiyn, i). 
Perseus, Tlepaeis, Ttepaiws, 

i. 
persevere, naprcpiu, i\aw. 
Persian (subs.), H4pans, i. 
Persian, Tltpaix&s, fa iv. 



persuade, itdBw, aw. 
persuasion, irttSii, ovs, jj. 
I'haethon, Phaeton, QatBwv, 

GatSiwTQS, i. 
Pharnaces, tapyiiais, i. 
Pherecydes, QeptKiSris, 

<P(p(KvSovS, 6. 

Philip, $iAtmros, i. 
Philoctetes, #iAo<rr^Tj)r, i. 
philosopher, <piX6ao<pos, 6. 
philosophy, (piXoaotpla, y. 
Phoenician, $<mi>i{, *o(ci- 

kos, 6. 
Phorcys, 4>6pxvs, 4>6pKt>os, 

6. » 
Phrygian, *pi£, *pvyis, 6. 
physician, iarpis, i. 
pick-out, StaXtyw, (w. 
pierce, xttpa, xtpw (doubt- 
ful fut). 
piety, *ba40eia, v. 
pillar, ariiXti, ft, arvXos, 

i. 
pilot, KvflepvfiTi)s, 6. 
pine, xlrvs, xlrvos, i). 
pious, tvae&iis, 4s. 
piracy, Xyarela, %. 
pity, oKofp-Opoiiaif t>Xo<pv- 

povfiai, ohcrtlpw, tpu. 
place, t{0ij/u, $ijaw. 
place (suds.), xwplav, ri, 

X<*pos, b. 
place-by, xaplarjifii, xapa- 

ar1\aw. 
plain (su6s.), xetioy, ri. 
plain, aracp-fis, 4s. 
plait, xXtKw, (w. 
plane-tree, xXarcwos, >). 
plant, (pvrtvus, aw. 
plant (subs.), Qvriy, ri. 
Plataeae, nxaratal, at. 
Plataeans, IIAaraicis, U\a- 

rat4wv, ol. 
Plato, XtXdrwv, UXdrwyos, 

6. 
play-on-thc-lyre, Ki6apl(w, 

aw. 
pleasant, rtpxyis, 4, iv, 

4fiis, eia, i, x"pl fis ! 

taaa, tv. 



PRACTICE. 

please, aptaxa, apiaw (with 

dat.). 
pleased, am, ffiofuu, fia6if 

ao/uu. 
pleasure, fitorfi, r). 
pleasure-ground, vapd- 

tfiaos, i. 
plethrum, tXiBpov, r6. 
plot-against, 4*iPov\eiw, 

aw (with dat.). 
plough, iporpoy, to 1 . 
pluck, rtKkw, TiAfi. 
plumage, irrcpiv, r6. 
plunder, apxayfi, f). 
Pluto, UXoirwv, XlXoirw- 

yos, S. 
Poeas, Uotas, Uotavros, S. 
poem, Trolitpjx, toi^^uotoj, 

t6. 
poet, toijjt^i, 6. 
point-out, faroScfcwpi, 

poison, (pdpfiwcov, ri. 
Pollux, noAwSei/Kijs, IIoAv- 

BevKous, 6. 
Polus, IIuAos, <5. 
Polygnotus, UoXvyvwros, 

i. 
Polynices, TtoXuyeliens, 6. 
poor, Tre'njs, tji, xt»x^» 

<, <Jf. 
portico, o-tocC, ^. 
Poseidon, notreiouy, rioirei- 

Soij'OS, 4. 
possess, KtKTnpcu (per/, of 

/crdo/uu). 
possession, /crfj/m, leriiua- 

toj, t<(, (rr^o-is, nri)atws, 

h- 
possessions, xpifh XP^" 

fiaros, t<$ («n frf.). 
post, rdaaw, {». 
pour, Aeffla, (ificn), x^"» 

X4w. 
pour-out, ticxew, xiw. 
poverty, ireci'a, ^. 
power, Siif a/us, Svydfuos,^. 
power, am in, Kpaxiw, ■fiaw. 
powerful, Svvar6s, 4f, 6y. 
practice, jucA^rq, t). 



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IKDEX TO VO0ABULAB1ES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



223 



MtACTISE. 

practise, aaxiw, ytrw- 
praise, l-naariw, (au. 
praise (subs.), Iratros, 6. 
pray, etixofMti, £o/wu. 
prayer, *i>xh, V- 
precaution, eiiAd&eta, y. 
preferable, Afar, iirej. 

camp. fr. ayadis. 
prepare, make - prepara- 
tions, KoToo-Kcuafw, aw, 

irapaaKeudfa, aw. 
present (adj.), irapfornicws 

(perf. part, of xapi- 

arriiu). 
present, ayaSltw/u, Siiaw. 
preserve, aiifa, oi&aw. 
preserver, (Turfy, atrrijpos, 

i. 
pretend, itooaxotoviuu, 

4)aofuu. 
preventive, hrorpyxi], y. 
prey, apvayf), it. 
pride-myself, yavpio/uu, 

<&aopcu (with dat.). 
priest, iepeis, 4ws, i. 
prison, ipuAaK+t, t\, tta/iu- 

ri)pioy, ri. 
private-citizen, IStarris, t. 
privy-to, am, avvoiSa (with 

dat.). 
prize, S0K(,v, ri. 
Proclcs, n*oic\ijs, Tlpo- 

K\iovs, 6. 
Procne, Tlp6Kvri, y. 
prodigy, re pas, riparos, ri. 
produce, rUrw, t<(o/uu, 

<p6o>, aw. 
profit, S<peAos, ovs, ri. 
Prometheus, TlponySeis, 

Upofajdeas, i. 
promise, {miaxvtoiuu, into- 

axhcofuu. 
property, obala, i). 
prophesy, xpoipyTeiu, aw. 
prophet, p&vrts, /xdrrews, 

irpo(piirj)s, i. 
propitious, foetus, wv. 
prosperity, i\$os, i. 
Protagoras, Tlpwrayipas, 6. 
proud, m(p<ppav, oy. 



prove, faroieticyupi, <Vi5«f- 
Kyv/u, ttl{u, Tfipdw, iaw. 

providence, trpiyoia, r). 

prudence, amppoaiyrj, y, 
<ppiynais, tpportiatws, r). 

prudent, awtppwy, oy, tppi- 
vip-os, oy, also y, oy. 

prudently, awQpivws, adv. 

Ptolemaeus, XlroAe/Muos, i. 

publish (as law), aroSelx- 

WflL, ttl^W. 

punish, fafuSu, liaw, ko- 

Ad(w, aw. 
pure, KaSapis, d, 6y. 
pursue, Sta/cai, \w, iveuto- 

AovOia, r)aw. 
push, ai0cai, wiyaw and 

Haw. 
put, rlOy/it, (H)aw. 
put-nn-end-to, KaraAvw, 

aw (with ace). 
put-around, mpirlSyfu, 

Syaw. 
put-away, lotorlByiu, 

Byaw. 
put-forth, trporlOyiu, Octroi, 
put-on, iySvw, aw, apupUv- 

yvfu, a/xQiu, ivirlStfuu, 

yaopju. 
put-out, litriByfu, Byaw. 
put-to-flight, rpiirw, tyw. 
Pylades, nuAdSys, i. 
pyre, wvpd,^ y. 
Pythagoras, llvOayipas, i. 

quail, iprv%, tprvyos, i 

and y. 
quarrel, vukos, ytlxovt, ri. 
queen, flaalAeia, y. 
quick-to-anger, o(£0viios, 

oy. 
quickly, rax*, raxiws, 

adv. 
quoit, SlaKos, i. 

race, yivos, ytvovs, ri. 
raise, atpw, ap£>, Inaipw, 

&pu>, Traplary/u, iropo- 

aryaw. 
raise up, ip0iw, tiaw. 



REl'UTATIO!*. 

ram, itptis, o. 

rank, rd(ts, rictus, y. 

rapacious, fipxof, 0701. 

rash, Bpaavs, eta, v. 

rather, n&AAoy, adv. 

raven, Kipa(, KipaKot, 
and y. 

ray, burls, lutrTyos, y. 

raze-to-the-ground, koto- 
aKdvrw, ifo>. 

read, IwaytyydaKw, yvm- 
aofuu. 

ready, (rot/tos, y, oy, some- 
times os, oy. 

rear, rp4<pw, 9pe\fia. 

reason, Aiyos, i. 

recall, avaicaAta, iaw. 

receive, tixoiuu, SQofuu. 

reckon, \oyi(ofuu, lao/uu 
and lov/iai, yoiil£w(low), 

. »»• 

record, ayaypitpw, <f/w. 

reduce-ljo-slavery, ^(cu» 

SpawoSlCw, aw. 
refuge, KaraipvyT), r). 
refute, tAiyxw, £w. 
regard, /SXcVoi, i|io>. 
rejoice, x<dpw, x<"phow. 
rejoice, make to, tbeppaivw, 

&VW. 

release, aviAvais, iroKi- 

aews, i). 
remain, jucVw, i/i/itvw, 

fttyw. 
remedy, (pdpfiatcov, ri. 
remember, iu/iLyt)aKOfuu, 

liyrtao/uu, aya/u/iyi)- 

axo/uu, nyyaofuu (with 

gen.). 
remind, funvyaicw, iiyr)aw, 

avafii t uyyaKw, fivyaw 

(with double ace.). 
remove, ne8lorniu, n*ra- 

arr)aw. 
renown, kaUs, KAeovs, ri. 
repeal, Aiw, aw. 
repel, ajifoofiat, afivyovfiau 
report, iirayyt'AAw, e AcS. 
report (subs.), Aiyos. 
reputation, oi(a, r). 



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224 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. —ENGLISH WORDS. 



resemble, totxa. 

resist, ivBioTrifu, arrt- 

ariiaa (vtith dat.). 
respecting, iwtp,prep. vrith 

gen. 
rest, ivaraioitat, eofim. 
rest, make to, Iwaxaiu, 

ffa. 
restore, aroSlSupu, Bt&trw. 
result, &iro$alvw, lH\aofuu. 
retire, /itBlortiui, utra- 

aritaia (in Mid., with 

gen.), ivaxoipfw, M<f>, 

im>x»piu, 4)<ru. 
return (a favour), &irv~ 

SlSwfu, tiwtrw. • 
return, will, xdrt-i/u, 
reveal, /trivia, iaw. 
revenue, irpoVoSos, r). 
revere, a-efto/iai (no fut.). 
reverence (subs.), aiSiis, 

aiSovs, r). 
reverence, aiStofuu, lao/uu. 
revolt, cuplrrra/uu, axoari\- 

oouai. 
revolt, make to, h.$[<rri\iu, 

laroarfou. 
reward, /uoiis, t. 
Rhadamanthus, 'Pafidfuw- 

6os, i. 
rhetoric, faropurfi (sc. 

rich, vkoiffios, a, ov. 
rich, am, ■xXovrfu, 4iou. 
ride, lincfvta, aw. 
rider, ivafidrns, i. 
right-hand, Stfyis, A, iv. 
rightly, ipBm, tl, adv. 
rise, iwlcrx", &rf(w and 

i.vaax"h<"», aWorij/u 

(intrans. tenses). 
risk, InroKivSweia, kivSv- 

vevai, trot. 
river, lrorapis, i. 
robber, Xri<rri)s, i. 
robe, oroK-f), r), 
rock, itirpa, i). 
Roman, 'Pu/xaios, a, ov. 
root, fifa, r). 
rope, xdxas, 6, otipi, i). 



SATISFY. 


SENSELESS. 


rose, j>6Sov, ri. 


Kopiau, ItwortiarXtifu, 


rough, rpaxis, tut, i. 


■whi]tru>, vkripiu, uaw, 


rouse, ipyv/iL, opau. 


apxiu, term. 


rout, xaraXva, ou. 


satrap, oarpdwris, 6. 


royal-authority, /ScuriAei'a, 


save, <rw(a>, ou. 


*l- 


saviour, <rurr)p, aanrjpos, 


rugged, OTv<px6s, iv. 


t. 


rain, <r<pd\Aa>, otpaXu. 


saw, (ISoy 2 aor. ; see opda. 


rule, ipx", £*>• 


say, Xcyu, {», ipy/ii, <pt)tra>. 


rule (subs.), iipxh, V- 


scatter, ontSdyrvfu, iiro- 


ruler, Hpxwv, ttpxovros, 


OKftUvvvfu, OKfSdoa or 


ScmroVip, Kolpavos, i. 


ffKtbw, ffirttpat, €p&. 


run, iiw, Bticrofuu and 


scream, Kpdfa, K(Kpd(o/uu. 


Btvooviuu. 


Scythian (subs.), 2ku8jji, 


run-away, &roSiSpd<ricw, 


i. 


Spdarofiai. 


Scythian, 2kv0ikoV, 4> iv- 


run-round, wtpirpix*, 'p* - 


sea, &Xs, a\is, r), OdXatr- 


flOVfUU. 


ff(rr)o, r), irixayos, ri. 




sea-fight, vavpaxia, V- 


sacred, ttpis, d, 6v. 


season, apa, r). 


sacred-place, Upiv, ri. 


season, in, apaios, a, ov. 


sacrifice (subs.), 9o<r(a, r). 


seasoning, fyov, ri. 


sacrifice, 6iw, <ru. 


second, btvrtpos, a, ov. 


sad, Xvypis, A, iv. 


see, fixime, ij/w, bpdu, 


safe, aa-QaXiis, is. 


fyofiai. 


safely, aar<pa\m, adv. 


seek, (rfria, firr^irw. 


safety, amrrip'a, j). 


seem, Sokot, Sd'fw; it seems 


sail, irXiw, irXtvcrofuu, 


good, SdkcT. 


v\cv<rov/uu. 


seem-likely-to, KtvSvveia, 


sail-by, raparXta, xXdoo- 


Ota. 


/xai, tr\cuffov/xai. 


seer, /xdmis, nAvrtws, t. 


sail-out, tKirXeu, TrXtiffO- 


seize, ov\\afi$ivw, Xtyo- 


IUU, TTXtVOOVfUU. 


/uu. 


sailor, rairris, i. 


seldom, oravias, adv. 


Salamis, 2aAa/j.ls, 'SaXafu- 


self, abris, 1), i. 


ros, i). 


self-control, iyKpdrtia, i). 


same, 6 avris, r) airrr), rb 


sell, airoSlSoficu, Saero/uu, 


avr6 ; contr. ainis, 


•KLKpdOKW. 


avTf), rabri. 


Semele, 2eud\r), 'n- 


same-age, one-of, r)XiKta- 


send, irtp.iru>, ipw, 4iro- 


•nji, i. 


oriXXa, tXu, Tnfu; 1. 0. 


same time, at-the, fi/ia, 


i. p. 118. 


adv. 


send-down, KaTare/iirw, 


Samian, 'Sdfuos, 6. 


ifw. 


Sardanapalus, XapSavuira- 


send-for, /icraircfnro/uu, 


\os, i. 


if/OfUU. 


Sardinia, 'Zapba, 2op5oi/s, 


send-forth, send-out, 1k- 


V- 


itiperu, p-eratrefiira, ifw, 


Sams, 'Sdpos, i. 


ittriiit, i)oa. 


satisfy, satiate, xopivwfu, 


senseless, tuppwv, ov. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



225 



SENSIBLE. 

sensible, am, tppovtw, r)aw. 
separation, ywptaptis, i. 
Serapis, idptatts, Xapdrt- 

Sos, T\. 
serpent, &pis, Sottas, i and 

*' 

service, uxpiXfta, r). 

set (iiitrans.y, tcaraSivw, 

icaraSiw, aw. 
set (trans.), ko9(<ttt)/»i, 

Karcurrjjirw. 
set-before, leapariBriiii, 

8r)aw. 
set-down, am, KaBtarafuu. 
set-forth, trporithiiu, 9r)aw. 
set-free, iXcvdepiw, &aw. 
set-over, tytornpu, ixt- 

aritaw. 
set-up, i Spite, au; arlarrt/it, 

araarr\au, ivarUht/u, 

9r)aa. 
seven, ittrd, indecl. 
seven-hundred, ixTaiciatoi, 

at, a. 
seven-thousand, iirraKia- 

XiXtot, ai. a. 
seventh, iftSo/ios, i), ov. 
seventy, ifitop-iiKovra, 

indecl. 
shade, shadow, aicid, t\. 
shame, al&ws, alSovs, i). 
shamelessness, IwalStia, tj. 
sharp, o^is, cia, u. 
sheep, pXiXor, npifixrov, 

ri. 
shepherd, vofuis, vopt4ws, 

notfiiir, ivos, i. 
shield, awls, itririSos, r). 
ship, ravs, reus, i). 
shoe, vir6Stjfia, fiaroSj ri. 
shoot, ro£tiw, aw. 
short, Ppaxis, tia, i, (of 

time) ixlyos, n, or, 

aivroptos, ov. 
shoulder, <B/ioi, t. 
show, StUmp-i, Sclfa. 
show-in-return, icrairo- 

SflKmifu, $el£w. 
shut, K\fiw, aw. 
shut-up, KaraxXtiw, tfm. 



SO. 

Sicilian, SutcAos, it, iv. 
Sicily, SuccXla, i). 
Sicyon, iacvwv, 2uevwvos, 

V- 
side, itXtvpd, i). 
siege, iroXiopicta, y. 
sign, anutior, ri. 
silence, atyi), it, atwirr), r). 
silent, aiwfrnXis, it, iv. 
silent, am, atwwdw, i\ata. 
silently, atya, adv. 
silver, ipyvpos, i. 
silver, of, apyvpovs, a, ovv. 
similar, napaKXitaiOS, a, or. 
simple, arXovs, rj, ovv. 
sin, a/Mpriva, ritao/tat. 
sing, aelSw or $$a, kaopiai, 

aaw (rare). 
sink, KaraBivw. 
sit, sit-down, KaSi^Ofiai, 

cSor/uu, Kti&ri/xai, t)aop.at. 
six, ef, indecl. 
six-hundred, i^axiatot, at, 

a. 
six-thousand, ((tuctaxlXtoi, 

at, a. 
six-times, !{<£ku, num. adv. 
sixth, (KTOS, 71, ov. 
skin, topi, q. 
slanderer, Kaidryopos, 6. 
slave, oixirns, i, oovKos, 6, 

otitis, tpuvis, o and r). 
slavery, SovXcia, i). 
slavish, avSpaxoSaSrts, «. 
slay, fortius, aw, (with a 

bow) ro£tiw, aw. 
sleep (subs.), Ihvoi, t. 
sleep, Kotptdoptat, itaofuu, 

tSSw, titl)aw, KaBeiSw, 

tv$r)aw. 
sleep, pnt-to, Kot/idw, j)aw. 
slowly, $paS4ws, adv. 
small, pmepis, d, iv. 
smooth (verb), aropfvwpu, 

(aropiaw) aropw. 
snake, vSpa, r). 
snatch-up, arapxifa, aw. 
so, ovrw, woe, adv. 
so-great, toctoutoi, airn, 

ovto. 



STAND. 

Socrates, Xuicpdrns, 

iwiepdrovs, 6. 
soldier, arpartwrris, ov, i. 
Solon, XiXav, XiXwros, i. 
some, Hviot, at, a. 
sometimes, Mm, adv. 
son, vUs, rats, JratSis, i. 
song, ^oXir^, fait, i). 
sophist, aotptarfts, S. 
Sophocles, 2o(/>oKAi)s, 2o- 

(poKXhvs, i. 
sorrow, Xiirti, i). 
sorrowful, 7rtKp6s, i, 6r. 
soul, ifivxil, it, <ppitr,<pptr6s, 

il- 
sound, tpvrit, i), r)x<i, 

ilXovs, i). 
sow, cittipw, epw. 
sow (subs.), aus, avis, i). 
spare, QelBopuu, aoptat 

(with gen.). 
Sparta, indpTn, i). 
Spartan (subs.), Straprt- 

drvs, 6. 
Spartan, Xvaprtarucis, it, 

ir. 
speak-truth, aXnOdw, aw. 
speak, will, ipiu. 
spear, Sipv, Siparos, ri. 
speech, Xiyos, i. 
Sphinx, 2tply£, Ztptyyis, i). 
spirit, Xrjpta, Xitfiaros, ri, 

9vp.6s, i. 
spoke, (Ivor, 2 aor.; see 

Xiyw. 
spoke-out, l£(7Tor. 
spot, x&pos, i. 
spread, Btaairttpw, (pw. 
spread-out, aropivwpt, 

(aropiaw) aropw, arpt&v- 

vvpu, arp&ata. 
spring, avitpvv, 2 aor. of 

avatpiai, aw. 
spring (subs.}, tap, tapos, 

ri. 
stadium, ardStov, ri. 
stage, araSfiis, i. 
stand, make to, tarrtiu, 

aritaw ; Mid. and in- 

trans. tenses, stand. 



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226 



INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — ENGLISH WOUD3. 



stand-by, make to, rapi- 

OTyiu, irapaaTr.aai. 
stand-fast, i/i/iiva, fieva. 
star, tarpov, r6. 
state, w6\ts, WAews, »(, 

wo\tTfla, y. 
steal, K\iirru, tya. 
steal-covertly, rapaK\iv- 

ru, ipai. 
steep, avdmys, avamts. 
Stesichorus, Zryalxopos, 6. 
steward, rafitas, A. 
still, tri, adv. 
sting, Sajtyw, Sy^o/uu. 
sting (suos.), Ktrrpov, r6. 
stone, Xffloj, i, sometimes 

y, \as, \cioSy A. 
stone, of, \tSivos, y, ov. 
stop-up, Pirn, Piaa. 
stork, Trt\apy6s, A. 
storm, by, Kara Kpdros. 
stranger, £eVot, A. 
stream, btvpa, ififiaros, 

t6, dor), y. 
strength, Ajucy, y, i<rxvs, 

'urxios, y, Ati/xy, y, 

KpaTOS, Kp&rovs, t6. 
strife, tpis, IptSos, y. 
strike, trKyoaw, {«, t<5itt», 

if to. 
strive-after, (y\6w, &ou. 
strong, ippwiuivos, y, ov, 

l<rxvp6s, d, Av. 
subdue, KaTa(TTpc<pa>, tf/«o, 

Xetpovfiai, dffOLtat. 
subject-to, am, Sovktiu, 

ITU. 

submit, bnoiiiva, ikvw. 
subordinate, uiroTo<ro-ai, {o>. 
succeed-in, Karavpaoao- 

fivu, £ofuu. 
such, roffovros, toiovtos, 

airy, ovto. 
suffer, ird<Txc, irt iffouuu. 
suffer-punishment, Slityv 

Sihovat. 
suggest, AirortByiu, Byffai. 
summer, Bipos, Bepovs, ri. 
summon, avaxakiw, iau- 
sun, y\ios, A. 



TAKE. 

superfluity, ri, xepio"- 

ffevovra. 
superfluous, am, ntpia- 

aevta, au. 
superior, Kptirrwv, ov, 

irreg. comp. of A.ya86s. 
suppose, {nro\anfidvu, 

\riip0fuu. 
suppliant, tKtTTjs, A. 
sure, aaipys, is. 
surround, TttpifldXhu, 

fidKu. 
swallow, xeAffiw, x«^o- 

vos, y. 
swear, utivvtu, oitovtuu. 
swear-falsely, sirwpKia, 

yam. 
swear, make, i\opis.6u, 

tbffu. 
sweat, i^pds, ISpwros, 6. 
sweet, ytivs, cia, i, yXvicis, 

eTo, i. 
swift, rax"S, eta, i. 
swifter, $dffa(rr)uv, ov. 
swiftly, raxivs, adv. 
swiftly, very, rdx'OTa, 

adv. 
swim-out, liwfai, vevaoiuu, 

VfVffOVLUU. 

swine, vis, av6s, A and 

sword, fidxaipa, y, £lipos, 

(i<povs, r6, aiSypos, A. 
Syracusans, 5upa(cdVioi, oi. 
Syracuse, "ZvpdKovffai, at. 

table, rpcfarcfo, y. 
tablet, ScAtos, y. 
take, Kap.3A.vui, Mtyopai, 

alpiu, yaui. 
take-away, a.Tro\a/i0dvw, 

Xtyofiat. 
take-care-of, iiri/itXio/iat 

and imiti\o(tai, yaojixxt 

(with gen.). 
take-in-addition, irpoahait- 

fidva, \4plioiwu. 
take-up, avatpite, yffv. 
take-vengeance-on, d-no- 

rlva, rtaai. 



taken, am, aAfVito/xaj, 

aXiiooftat. 
talent, rdXavrov, ri. 
talent, without-natural, 

iupvys, is. 
talkative, \iytos, a, ov, 

iroKtiKoyos, ov. 
talon, ivv^, Svvxos, i. 
tame, rpaos or irpavs, tta, 

ov or i. 
Tanagra, Tdvaypa, y. 
Tanais, TdvaSs,Tardi$os, i. 
Tantalus, To^toAos, S. 
taste, ytio/uu, ooiuu (with 

gen.). 
taste, make, yeva, <r». 
teach, SiSdaxw, {«j, wmSeia, 

ffw. 
teacher, tiidffKaXos, A. 
tear, Sdicpvov, ri. 
Telemachus, TriXi/xaxos, A. 
tell, <ppd£a>, o*a>. 
Tempe, Ti/iini, rd, indecl. 
temple, «<4$, A, itpiv, r6. 
temples, the, Kii^n, y. 
ten, SfKa, indecl. 
ten, period, series, or body, 

of, Stxis, SacdSos, y. 
ten-thousand, fityiot, at, a. 
Tenos, Tiji'OS, y. 
tent, o~Kyvy, y. 
tenth, ScKaroi, tj, ov. 
Tereus, Typds, typias, A. 
tei-rible, Ztiv6s, ri, 6v. 
terrify, <po$ia, fate. 
test, j}iaavos, y. 
tetrarchy, rerpapxla, y. 
than, fi, conj. 
thankless, axdpunos, ov. 
thanks, x^P tJ > X^P lT0S t V- 
that, ixuvos, y, o. 
that, &s, 6V<, conj. 
the, A, y, ri. 
Theban, 8yfla7os, a, ov. 
Thebes, eyPat, at. 
Themistocles, 0«juioto- 

K\ys, @eiwrroic\iovs, A. 
then, tlra, r6rt, bcara, 

oiv, adv. 
there, ixet, ivravSa, adv. 



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227 



THEREFORE. 

therefore, ovv, ovkovv, adv. 
Thermopylae, 8epn6mi\at, 

ax. 
thief, K\4m~ns; also used 

as adj., thievish ; I, G. i. 

p. 37. 
thine, thy, o6s, <Hi, eroV. 
thing, upayfia, furros, ri. 
think, voptifa, tu, oioxtat, 

oHiffopcu, ippoviu, {\au ; 

I think, SomT hoi. 
think fit, olofiat St?v. 
third, rphos, i), ov. 
thirst, Stif/du, i\aa. 
thirsty, 5iif u>St]s, ts. 
thirty, rptaKOtna, indccl. 
thirty - thousand, Tpta- 

fivptot, at, a. 
this, bit, f|S«, t<SS«, olros, 

aSrr), rovro. 
thither, ixuae, adc. 
thou, o~v, ffov. 
thousand, x'*'°'> «<> "■ 
Thrace, ®(4ki\, V- 
Thracian, epejj, &pax6s, i. 
Thrasybulus, ®paa{j3w- 

\os, 6. 
three, rptts, rpla. 
three-footed, rplwovs, ovv. 
three-hundred, rpiojc6ffioi. 

m, a. 
three-thousand, rpurxlkuu, 

at, a. 
thrice, rpls, num. adv. 
throne, $p6vos, i. 
through, Sief, prep, with 

gen., Hard, tcith ace. 
throw, piK\o>, &a\ii. 
throw (subs.), ftiKos, i. 
throw-away, rpoUpuu, 

foofiai. 
throw-into-confusion, to- 

piaaa, (a, wy/cvitiu; 

4\ov. 
throw-open, avairtrdvvvptt, 

irerdoa (irerto). 
throw-upon, ^iri/j^firrw, 

^co- 
thunder, Bpovrdu, i,<rw. 
thunderbolt, tctpavvis, i. 



thus, £o>, adv. 
thy, o~6s, <rl), aiv. 
thy-own, of-thysclf, at- 

avrov, rjs, ov. 
time, xpivos, *• 
time, at-the-same, ipux, 

adv. 
Tisias, Turias, 6. 
Tissaphernes, Turaatpiprqs, 

Tiffacupepvovs, i. 
Tithonus, TtSuv6s, i. 
to, rp6s, fh, ivi, preps. 

with ace. 
to-day, iHifiepov, adv. 
to-morrow, atptov, adv. 
toil (subs.), vivos, i. 
toil, Kapvw, KaiioDiiat. 
tomb, rd<pos, i. 
tongue, yXHaaa, i). 
tooth, oSovs, oS6vros, i. 
torch, Ka/nrds, \a/itrdSos, 

V- 
tortoise, x*^")) V- 
touch, 6tyydvd>, 6i^ojxai 

(with gen.). 
touchstone, Bdo-avos, f). 
towards, wpis, prep. with 

ace. 
tower, irvpyos, i. 
trace, oeipd, i). 
trading-place, 4p.v6ptov, to\ 
tragedy, rpaycfSla, y. 
traitor, irpoS6ri\s, i. 
transgress, irapaBaivu, 

vKipfSaivu, fHiffOficu. 
travel, iropeiopxu, trofiai. 
travelling-money, 4<p6Stov, 

t6. 
tread, variu, ^er». 
treasure, Briffavpis, 6. 
treat, StarlOniu, $i<ra. 
treaty, vvvB^ien, y, onwS^, 

V- 
tree, S4vSpov, rcf. 
tribe, tpvAii, i). 
trireme, rpci\pt\s, rpelpeos, 

ovs, 7). 
Trojan, Tpt&s, Tpm6s, i. 
trophy, -rpinaiov, r6. 
trouble, dhyilvw, vvd. 



UNDONE. 

trouble (subs.), vivos, t, 

A\yos, iXyovs, r6. 
troublesome, x"*- f *dh 'hi 

6v. 
Troy, Tpola, >j. 
true, ahnBijS, 4s, a\v$tvis, 

■h, iv. 
truly, a\Ti9us, adv., eVrpe- 

Ktas, adv. 
trumpet, o-aXirryf, yyos, fi- 
trust (subs.),*apaKaTaei)KTi, 

V- 
trust, irto-reia, aw, irel9o- 

itcu, ffo/ioi (with dot.). 
truth, a\ifit 10, $. 
try, nupdopLai, ao/uu. 
tune, ip6oryy6s, 6. 
turn, TJK1TW, TptlflW. 
turn-away (trans.), i<pl- 

ffTTipn, oxocrr^creij. 
turn-inside-out, (Ktrrp4<pu, 

turn-out, iKTp4nw, i^ai. 
turn-out (to be), tK&alva, 

(Seconal. 
twelve, SwSe/ca, indecl. 
twenty, tficoo-i(v), indecl. 
twenty-thousand, Bicr/xiJ- 

pioi, at, a. 
twice, Sis, num. adv. 
twin, SiSvfios, n, ov. 
two, Sio, SvoTv. 
two-cubits-longjSdnjxw^u. 
two-footed, Siirovs, ovv. 
two-hundred, SicucoVioi, at, 

a. 
two-thousand, SurxfAiot, 

at, a. 
Typhon, Twpwv, TvQoivos, 

tyranny, rvpavvls, rvpav- 

vlSos, ti- 
tyrant, rvpavvos, 6. 
Tyre, Tfpoj, i). 

unarranged, &raKTos, ov. 
unavenged, i.Tipaipriros, ov. 
uncover, (KfcoAirffTw, i^a>. 
undone, am, ofx°/""» V&o- 
pxu, dv6\w\a. 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES.— ENGLISH WORDS. 



UNFOBTUNATE. 

unfortunate, arvxhs, 4s, 

Svarrvxiis, ts, Sv<r/xoipos, 

ov. 
unfortunate, am, Jihttii- 

x4a>, fo<°- 
ungraceful, &x"f" s > '• 
ungrateful, axdptoros, ov. 
uninstructetl, ifiinTos, ov, 

inrcdSfuros, ov. 
unjust, itiKos, ij, ov. 
unjustly, aS'iKus, adv. 
unknown, ayvtis, tiros. 
unlucky, am, arvx4a, 

■fl<ru. 
unpunished, aSfos, ov, 

aTip.d'pTjTOS, ov. 

unseasonableness, aicaipla, 

unused-to, Urtipos, ov(with 

gen.). 
unsworn, iixi/iOTos, ov. 
until, fi4xp>, prep, with yen. 
unwholesome, voaiUns, ts. 
unwilling, &reuv, ovaa, ov. 
unwinged, ixrepos, ov. 
up, Uvu, adv. 
upper-room, aviiycuv, ri. 
urge, aviji/ii, j]<ru, orpiva, 
^JBvw. 
use, xpt£o/«u, foopat (with 

dat.). 
useful, xP 7 >o^r6s, r), 6v, 

oxpikifios, n, ov, xpt- 

fftiios, ij, ov, and os, 

ov. 
useless, Kxp 7 l°" ro5 > ov. 

valour, ivSpeta, ivSpla, 

iperj, f). 
valuable, ri/uos, a, ov. 
variance, am at, ara- 

ai&fa, era. 
various, wavTolos, a, ov. 
vein, <p\ty, <pAt$is, i). 
vengeance, vefitcts, vt/i4- 

<reus, r), rifuopia, r). 
very, fulAa, adv. 
very-much, very-great, 

irdfiiro\vs, woAAri, iro\v. 
Vesta, 'Eo-ria, r). 



WEAFOH. 

vexed, am, IxBopjxi, »X^- 

ao/uu. 
vice, Koala, t). 
victim, Upeiov, ri. 
victory, vlien, i). 
victuals, rjxxpf), r). 
village, Kujiti, t). 
villauy, iravovpyia, r). 
vine, &iurt\os, r). 
violate (a treaty), \iu, aw. 
violence, S$pts, v&pews, i). 
violent, fiiatos, a, ov, 

S$purros, i), ov. 
violet, tov, ri. 
virgin, irapSf vos, f). 
virtue, apfTf), r). 
voice, QOoyyis, i, <puivr h 

V- 
vote (subs.), tyfj<pos, t). 
vote, x*<p°Tovt!*> i\au. 
voyage, -kAovs, i. 
vulgar, (pavAos, ij, ov. 
vulture, yty, yuiris, i 

and 7). 

wage-war-against, iroAe- 

/i4a, f)cra (with dat.). 
wagon, ifiafa, r). 
wailing, kwkvtos, 0. 
wake-up, intrans;, avi- 

o-rnpx (intrans. tenses). 
wall, rttvos, rtlxous, ri. 
wand, pdfiSos, i). 
want, Sco/xai, 5(i)<roiuu. 
war, wiAtfios, 6. 
war-with, ToXqtew, fow 

(with dat.). 
ward-off, oaQw, aAetfau, 

a/xivoOf vvw. 
wash, Ao6u, ffu. 
watchman, vicowis, i. 
water, SSap, SSaros, ri. 
wave, KAihuv, kAvSwvos, i. 
wax, Ki\pis, 6. 
way, 6S6s, i). 
we, r)iuts, Vfiuv, pi. of 

4y<&. 
weak, affievfis, 4s. 
wealth, irAoSros, SAfios, 6. 
weapon, SirAov, ri. 



WISE. 

weep, weep-for, kAcuu, 

KAavao/iat, KAauaov/uu. 
well, ev, adv., kclA&s, adv. 
well-born, tiryev4)s, 4s. 
well-disposed, tSvovs, ovv. 
well-doing, tvipyeaia, i). 
well-off, well-used, am, 63 

tra.n'xw. 
went, T)kBov, 2 aor. ; see 

tpxoiuu. 
what ? ri. 
whatsoever, iru 
when, ixtiSt), conj.; trt, 

conj. ; iretSiv, conj. ; 

tray, conj. ; <hre(, conj. 
when ? wire, interr. adv. 
whenever, Srav, iroWav, 

Sir6rf, adv. and conj. 
where ? to, interr. ado. 
where IVfla, Sjcov, adv. 
whether, iroVepa, adv. ; 

■xirtpov, adv. 
whether (of-two), roVcpos, 

a, ov. 
whip, pd<mZ, it&arZyos, r). 
whither, ?in), iwot, adv. 
whither ? iro^ interr. adv. 
who ? what ? rls, ri. 
whosoever, iaris, r)rts, 

Sri. 
why ? rt, interr. adv. 
wicked, rrovr)p6s, d, iv. 
wide, tvpis, aa, i. 
wife, ywr), yvvaut6s, i). 
wild, iyplos, a, ov. 
wild-beast, 6f)p, frnpis, i, 

Bripiov, t6. 
willing, willingly, *K<iv, 

ovca, 6v. 
wind, ivc/ios, i. 
wine, olvos, i. 
wiag, 7tr4pv%, m-4piyos, r), 

vrtpiv, to*, Ktpas, r6 (of 

an army), 
winged, wtcjmotoi, t), 6v, 

also 6s, iv. 
winter, x f 'l"bv, x^'^vos, 

S. 
wisdom, <ro<pla, i). 
wise, aotyis, r), iv. 



"\ 



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INDEX TO VOCABULARIES. — ENGLISH WORDS. 



229 



WISH. 

wish, fioiXofuu, r)aofuu, 

$c\a, 4i<rw, I0(\u, ■/]fft>. 
with, ftieti, prep, with gen., 

crvv, Tapdy with dat. 
withdraw, avaxuptw, fata. 
within, iau, adv., and 

prep, with gen. 
without, Hvev, adv. and 

prep, with gen., x°>p' s > 

prep, with gen. 
without-grief, &\vwos, ov. 
without - natural - talent, 

btpvis, is. 
witness, /tdprvs, ftdprvpos, 

6. 

wolf, \VK0S, 6. 

woman, ywr), yvvaiic6s, i). 

woman, of a, ywauttios, a, 

or. 
wonder, ripas, riparos, r6. 
wonderful, BavfuurrAs, 1), 

iv. 
wood, S\ri, i). 
word, \iyos, i, Iros, firovs, 

t6. 
work, tpyov, ri ; it is hard 

work, tpyov ivrl. 



world, xifffios, 6. 

worse, xtlpwv, ov, cvmp. 

of kok6s. 
worship, o-400/uu, no tut. 
worsted, am, faroo/iai, 

T)TT7lfHo-OfWU. 

worthy, &i ios, a, ov. 
wound, rerpdaica, rpwaw. 
wound (»«6».), rpav/ia, 

rpaifurros, T<f. 
wrath, iirjyis, ufatos and 

pstp&os, y. 
wreathe, x\4ku, {». 
wrestling - school, iraXal- 

trrpa, t). 
wretched, riiAo, aura, ay, 

t9kios, a, or, rKiifxay, ov. 
write, ypoxpai, tfoj. 
writing, ypatjrti, r). 

Xanthippus, EaVflimros, 6. 
Xenophanes, Utvopdrqs, 

BftHMpdvovs, 6. 
Xenophon, Hfvotpwv, Btro- 

(ptoVTOS, 6. 

Xerxes, Kep£rjs, 6. 



ZEUS. 

ye, you, ipth, i/iav. 

year, iviavris, 6, trot, 
Irovs, t6. 

yellow, {oj/flos, 4), 6v. 

yesterday, x"&) <*&<>• 

yet, In, •*<* (enclitic par- 
ticle), adv. 

yield, imflicu, {«. 

yoke, (evyvvpu, fci/Jai. 

yoke-on, iTri^fvyw/u, 

yonder-place, to, iKtiet, 

adv. 
young, vios, a, ov; while 

young, Woi TrdpvKws. 
young-man, ycavias, o. 
your, yours, i/ifotpos, a 

ov. 
youth, )j0»), i), vdrns, vf6- 

rnros, i). 

zealous, Tp4$0pos, ov. 
Zeno, Zijvwv, Z^vavos, 6. 
Zetheus, ZnitAs, 4us, i. 
Zeus, Ztis, Ai6s, i. 



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