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Full text of "Socialist World Vol. 5 #7 July 1924"

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Vol. 5, No. 7 


Price 10 Cents 

Knt< . re( l „, Second-Class Matter at the Post-Office at Chicago, Illinois, January 26th, 1918, Under the Act oMtfarch Brd^lSTS. 




THE C P. P. A. „- -_- jt 

PLATFORM OF THE C P. P. A......... 2 


EUGENE V* DEBS >........--- 5 



_ 7 





Resolution On Relations To The Conference 
For Progressive Political Action 

(Adopted by the Socialist Party Convention at Cleveland, July 7, 1924). 

The Convention of the Conference for Pro- 
gressive Political Action which has just concluded 
its work was the most significant gathering of 
American labor for common political action. 

It represented about three million of organized 
workers, substantial sections of the working farmers, 
several independent progressive political organiza- 
tions and the Socialist Party through its national 
and state committees. It adopted a progressive 
labor platform. It took an important step to cut 
loose from the old political parties by nominating 
an independent candidate for President of the Un- 
ited States. And finally, it issued a call for another 
convention to be held next January for the express 
purpose of taking action on a proposal to form a 
permanent independent political party for national 
and local elections upon a progressive and labor 

The main practical object of the Socialist Party 
is the organization of the workers into a political 
class party. With that supreme object in view the 
party has always encouraged and supported every 
genuine movement of labor towards independent 
politics. The Conference for Progressive Political 
Action was organized with the assistance of the So- 
cialist Party and our party co-operated with it in its 
work and development. 

The presidential campaign of the Conference for 
Progressive Political Action will develop into an in- 
surgent political movement of labor. It will be sup- 

ported by the advanced workers of the country The 
Socialist Party takes its stand with these workers. 
During the four months to come the Socialists will 
have an unparalleled opportunity to work with the 
organized workers of this country, side by side, as 
comrades in a common cause. 

Our co-operation with the forces of the Con- 
ference for Progressive Political Action has already 
resulted in much good, and during the campaign 
will, in our opinion, vastly facilitate the formation 
of a genuine labor party next January. The So- 
cialist Party with its political training and experi- 
ence, its clear social vision and ideal, and its devoted 
membership, will be called upon to give the new 
movement substance and direction, and to play in 
it a part as important as that which our sister party 
in England plays in the political labor movement 
of that country. 

The integrity of the Socialist Party must be 
preserved, and its membership and activities in- 
creased not only for the good of the Socialist move- 
ment as such, but also for the character, growth and 
success of the political labor movement of the 

Your committee therefore recommends: 

1 , That this convention concur in the endorse- 
ment by the Conference for Progressive Political 
Action of the candidacy of Senator Robert M. La 
Follette for President of the United States on the 
platform submitted by him. 


The convention, however, specifically declares 
•that the Socialist Party firmly adheres to the prin- 
ciples of- Socialism as set forth in the Platforms and 
Declarations of Principles adopted at this and pre- 
vious conventions of the Socialist Party. 

2. That it authorize the incoming National 
Executive Committee in its discretion to endorse the 
candidate for Vice-President of the United States 
to be chosen by the Conference for Progressive Po- 
litical Action. 

3. That the Socialist Party request an increased 
representation on the enlarged National Committee 
of the Conference for Progressive Political Action. 

4. That in the coming campaign the Socialist 
Party co-operate whole-heartedly with the Con- 
ference for Progressive Political Action in the na- 
tional elections, and in all such state and local elect- 
ions in which independent candidates are nominateq 
with the co-operation of the state and local Socialist 
Party organizations 

5* That the Socialist Party send a full represen- 
tation to the convention to be held in January, 1925, 
for the purpose of considering the formation of a 
permanent and independent new party and do 
everything in its power to make that convention as 
large, representative and successful as possible. 

6. The representatives of the Socialist Party to 
the January convention of 1925 are hereby instruct- 
ed to vote and work for the formation of a party 
composed of economic organizatins of labor, work- 
ing farmers, the SciaHst Party, and othed advanced 
groups; to be separate and distinct from and op- 
posed to the Republican, Democratic, and other 
capitalist parties; with a complete national, state 
and local form of organization and upon a platform 
containing as a minimun the planks of the platform 
adopted by the convention of the Conference for 
Progressive Political Action held in Cleveland, 
July, 1924. 


(Adopted at Cleveland, July 5, 1924) 

For 148 years the American people have been 
seeking to establish a government for the service 
of all and to prevent the establishment of a govern- 
ment for the mastery of the few. Free men of 
every generation must combat renewed efforts of 
organized force and greed to destroy liberty. Every 
generation must wage a new war for freedom against 
new forces that seek through new devices to enslave 

Under our representative democracy the people 
protect their liberties through their public agents. 

The test of public officials and public polities 
alike must be : Will they serve or will they exploit 
the common need? 

The reactionary continues to put his faith in 
mastery for the solution of all problems. He seeks 
to have what he calls the strong men and best 
minds rule and impose their decisions upon the mas- 
ses of their weaker, brethren. 

The progressive, on the contrary, contends for 
less autocracy and more democracy in government, 
for less power of privilege and greater obligations 
of service. 

Under the principle of ruthless individualism and 
competition, that government is deemed best which 
offers to the few the greatest chance of individual 

Under the progressive principle of co-operation, 
that government is deemed best which offers to the 

many the highest level of average happiness and 
well being. 

It is our faith that we all go up or down together 
—that class gains are temporary delusions and that 
eternal laws of compensation make every man his 
brother's keeper. 

Program of Public Service 

In that faith we present our program of public 
service : 

(I.) The use of the power of the federal govern- 
ment to crush private monopoly, not to foster it. 

(2.) Unqualified enforcement of the constitution- 
al guarantees of freedom of speech, press and as- 

(3.) Public ownership of the nation's water 
power and creation of a public super-power system. 
Strict public control and permanent conservation of 
all natural resources, including coal, iron and other 
ores, oil and timber lands in the interest of the 
people. Promotion of public works in times of 
business depression. 

(4.) Retention of surtax on swollen incomes, 
restoration of the tax on excess profits, taxation of 
stock dividends, profits undistributed to evade taxes, 
rapidly progressive taxes on large estates and in- 
heritances, and repeal of excessive tariff duties, espe- 
cially on tmst-controlled necessities of life and of 
nuisance taxes on consumption, to relieve the people 



of the present unjust burden of taxation and compel 
those who profited by the war to pay their share of 
the war's costs, and to provide the funds for ad- 
justed compensation solemnly pledged to the vete- 
rans of the World War. 

(5.) Reconstruction of the federal reserve and 
federal farm loan systems to provide for direct 
public control of the nation's money and credit to 
make it available on fair terms to all, and national 
and state legislation to permit and promote co- 
operative banking. 

(6.) Adequate laws to guarantee to farmers and 
industrial workers the right to organize and bargain 
collectively through reprt sntatives of their own 
choosing for the maintenance or improvement of 
their standard of life. 

(7.) Creation of a government marketing cor- 
poration to provide a direct route between farm pro- 
ducer and city consumer and to assure farmers fair 
prices for their products, and protect consumers from 
the profiteers in foodstuffs and other necessaries of 
life. Legislation to control the meat-packing in- 

(8.) Protection and aid of cooperative enter- 
prises by national and state legislation. 

(9.) Common international action to effect the 
economic recovery of the world from the effects of 
the World War. 

(10.) Repeal of the Cummins-Esch law. Public 
ownership of railroads, with democratic operation, 
and with definite safeguards against bureaucratic 

(II.) Abolition of the tyranny and usurpation 
of the courts, including the practice of nullifying 
legislation in conflict with the political, social or 
economic theories of the judges. Abolition of in- 
junctions in labor disputes and of the power to pumsh 
for contempt without trial by jury. Elec tion of all 

federal judges without party designation for limited 

For Child Labor Amendment 

(12.) Prompt ratification of the child labor am- 
endment and subsequent enactment of a federal law 
to protect children in industry. Removal of legal 
discriminations against women by measures not pre- 
judicial to legislation necessary for the protection of 
women and for the advancement of social welfare. 

(13.) A deep waterway from the great lakes to 
the sea. 

(14.) We denounce the mercenary system of 
degraded foreign policy under recent administrations 
in the interests of financial imperialists* oil mono- 
polists and international bankers, which has at times 
degraded our state department from its high service 
as a strong and kindly intermediary of defenseless 
governments to a trading outpost for those interests 
and concession seekers engaged in the exploitation 
of weaker nations, as contrary to the will of the 
American people, destructive of domestic develop- 
ment and provocative of war. We favor an active 
foreign policy to bring about a revision of the Ver- 
sailles treaty in accordance with the terms of the 
armistice, and to promote firm treaty agreements 
with all nations to outlaw wars, abolish conscription, 
drastically reduce land, air and naval armaments 
and guarantee public referendum on peace and war. 

In supporting this program we are applying to the 
needs of today the fundamental principles of Amer- 
ican democracy, opposing equally the dictatorship 
of plutocracy and the dictatorship of the proletariat. 

We appeal to all Americans without regard to 
partisan affiliation and we raise the standards of 
our faith so that all of like purpose may rally and 
march in this campaign under the banners of pro- 
gressive union. 

The nation may grow rich in the vision of greed. 
The nation will grow great in the vision of service. 

Don't Miss This Opportunity to Secure a Lecture Date for 


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Entertainment and Effective Propaganda 

Tour Will Begin In September - Twenty Applications Already 
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Delay May Mean Disappointment — ACT QUICKLY! 



An Address to the Members of the Socialist Party of America 
by the Cleveland National Convention 

The Socialist Party has just held the largest, 
most successful and enthusiastic convention in years. 

It gathered in the determination to take its right- 
ful place beside the victorious Socialist and labor 
movement of England, France and other coun- 


When the Socialist Party came to Cleveland it 
found, in the immense public hall of that city, the 
convention of the Conference for Progressive Po- 
litical Action, consisting of more than a thousand 
delegates, representing millions of members of the 
great railroad, miners, needle trades and many 
other unions, organized farmers, the Socialist Party 
and kindred advanced groups. 

It witnessed the adoption of a platform of for- 
ward-looking measures, the nomination of an in- 
dependent presidential ticket and the acceptance of 
the proposal to hold a nation-wide convention in 
January, 1925, to consider organizing a large and 
permanent party of labor, Socialists and other pro- 
gressive political forces opposed to the parties of 


The circumstances which brought this forth are 
easy to understand. 

As the Socialist Party had warned, the barbarous 
forces, unleashed by the war, opened a period of 
dark and extreme reaction. The predatory finan- 
cial classes and their political agents holding offiee 
have sought ruthlessly to destroy the trade unions 
by the reckless use of injunctions, the open shop 
drive, and to crush the farmers by wiping out the 
value of their crops. They have engaged in a riot 
of corruption, crime and betrayal of trust of such 
mammoth proportions that its. exposure has caused 
a veritable political earthquake. They have refused 
to assist whole-heartedly the stricken peoples of 
Europe to resume the production and exchange of 
goods in order to rebuild the shattered world. They 
have denied to the workers in our country a just 
return for their labor which would keep industry 


This flagrant capitalist misrule has at last awak- 
ened the masses in our country. The knowledge 
that similar evils had brought about the political or- 

ganization of their fellow workers in other Ian Js and 
their marked achievements since, especially the in- 
spiration of the labor government in England, the 
Socialist government in Denmark, and of the recent 
elections in France and Australia, has aroused them 
to an attempt to secure the like benefits here. 
. For the Socialist Party there has been no purpose 
in all its years of effort but to stir the masses to this 
imperative necessity. For this reason it entered the 
Conference for Progressive Political Action at its 
beginning and heartily participated in its work. 

The convention of this body has now been held. 
It was the first national, political outpouring of the 
toilers of America, While a labor party has not 
been formed in name, owing to the varying election 
laws of the several states and the lack of time before 
election, a party of labor is being realized in fact. 
The first great step has been taken. Relations with 
the capitalist parties have been broken. The rest 
will inevitably follow. 


By an overwhelming vote of the convention of 
the Socialist Party, it was decided that our place is 
in this political revolt of the American workers. It 
is our duty to give it loyal and devoted service and 
the utmost co-operation. 

It is likewise our duty to maintain the autonomy 
and integrity of the Socialist Party, and as an or- 
ganized party to continue with renewed energy and 
in larger fields our mission of enlightenment and our 
struggle for the complete release of humanity from 
the thralldom of capitalism. 

Comrades : We want new opportunities for ser- 
vice to the toilers of the nation. Our speakers, 
writers, organizers, executives and membership will 
be called upon to do their share in this inspiring 
struggle. To serve loyally means to earn their re- 
spect and confidence and to fulfill our own clearest 

The new activity will create fresh vigor in our 
party. Indifferent members will resume activity. 
Many who fell away because our past endeavors 
seemed to be fruitless will joyfully return. There 
will be a concrete and vital purpose in the work of 
the Socialist Party. 

Out of this significant start, the workers of Amer- 
ica may soon build up a labor party which will take 
its place beside the British Labor Party, and the 
similar parties throughout the world in that inter- 


national brotherhood of labor which alone can make 
the new civilization. 


The delegates to this convention of the Socialist 
Party have shown by their unmistakable decision 
that they are ready to grasp the wonderful pos- 
sibilities of the situation. 

At a banquet held during the convention the un- 
precedented sum of $3,500 was spontaneously 
poured into the treasury of the party by the com- 
paratively tiny fraction of the membership there, as 
an earnest of their abiding faith in the glorious 
future of the party. 

From his sick room, our own Gene Debs sent to 
the convention this splendid sentiment: 

"I hesitate at this distance to intrude upon your 
deliberations, especially as I have full faith in the 
loyalty and judgement of our delegates and shall 
willingly abide by the action of our convention, I 

think it wise for our party to make no nominations 
under the circumstances, but at the same time to 
hold the Socialist Party intact, adhere rigidly to 
its principles and keep the red flag flying. I hope, 
above all, there will be no division, but that all will 
unite loyally in carrying out the program adopted 
by the convention, I need not assure you that my 
heart is with you. In this crisis, as in the past, the 
Socialist Party is the party of the working class and 
faces the future with absolute confidence and with- 
out fear/* 

Axe you ready to do your share > 

This is our supreme opportunity. Will each and 
every one of you contribute what you can to enable 
the Socialist Party to become more powerful than 
it has ever been? 

Will each and every one of you work as never 
before in the service of labor and Socialism? 

Labor in America is on the march! All together! 
Forward to victory! 


By Eugene V. Debs 

It is with real pleasure, no less than with a deep 
sense of its fervent spirit and its loyal devotion to 
the cause of the toiling and producing masses, that 
I applaud and give my unqualified approval to the 
eloquent and thrilling appeal of the "Address to 
the Members of the Socialist Party of America," 
issued by the Committee representing the National 
Convention of the Party held at Cleveland, which 
ha* just concluded its deliberations and adjourned, 
after completing its arduous labors, and so success- 
fully meeting and overcoming the difficulties in the 
complicated situation that confronted it, as to arouse 
and inspire renewed hope and courage in the long 
and sorely-tried membership, and open the road 
and clear the way to a wider field of vital activity 
than our party has yet known. 

The appeal made to the rank and file in behalf 
of the Cleveland Convention is a clarion call to duty 
that thrills like a trumpet-blast, and what member 
is so lost to the cause as to be insensible to its in- 
spiration and significance? 

I shall not attempt in this brief expression of my 
approval and appreciation of the splendid work ac- 
complished by our delegates at Cleveland to enter 
into any analytical detail of the deliberations and 
proceedings which led to their final action in deter- 
mining, by an overwhelming majority, to cast their 
lot with the Conference for Progressive Political 
Action, and make common cause with the progress- 
ive forces represented there, in the presidential cam- 
paign this very important year. 

I have to confess frankly that with certain fea- 
tures of the convention of the Progressive elements 
and with certain actions in their proceedings, I 
could not possibly, under ordinary circumstances, 
find myself in agreement. To yield to the weakness 
and cowardice of expediency has always been re- 
pugnant to my nature, and especially so since I 
pledged my allegiance to the Socialist movement. 

But the situation that confronted our delegates at 
Cleveland was anything but an ordinary one. It 
was indeed unprecedented and extraordinary in 
every sense of the term. The wisest and most far- 
seeing among us could not have forecasted such a 
peculiar and remarkable event in our industrial and 
political development, especially after our rigid 
training in the inflexible school of "No Com- 

Certain it is that the most progressive elements of 
American labor were represented at the Cleveland 
Conference, and equally certain that these elements 
fairly represented the organized labor movement, 
with which, generally speaking, we have never here- 
tofore been in vital touch, and without which the 
Socialist Party could never hope to develop its 
power or fulfill its mission. 

After years and years of agitation and education 
the progressive forces of American labor arrived at 
this stage of their development. Here were its 
chosen representatives in convention assembled, pro- 
claiming their purpose to sever their relations with 
the old capitalist parties and to organize their forces 


for independent political action in the service of the 
toilers and producers of the nation, a situation of 
hope and promise the Socialist Party in the twenty- 
seven years of its pioneering and unceasing agitation 
and education had done more to bring about, in my 
humble opinion; than all other agencies combined. 

And now, at this supreme juncture, this golden 
opportunity, to have refused to join issue with these 
gathering forces of liberation, after the many years 
of toil and tears, of sacrifice and martyrdom in set- 
ting them in operation, would have been the height 
of stupidity and folly and the depth of desertion 
and betrayal 

Of course the platform is not as we would have 
it, nor is Robert M. LaFollette a Socialist or a mem- 
ber of our party, but what of it in the light of the 
rich and abundant harvest that is certain to issue 
from the broadcast sowing of the seed of solidarity 
among the hitherto dissevered and enslaved pro- 
ducers of the land? 

It is in no spirit of vanity or presumption that I 
declare a willingness to appeal to the shades of 
Marx, Engels and Leibknecht upon this vital issue, 
for were these Titans of emancipation still clothed 
in living flesh, I have the positive conviction they 
would have advised and approved the course taken 
by our delegates at this historic Cleveland Con- 

No fundamental principle of Socialism has been 
or will be in the least compromised. The autonomy 
of our party is absolutely inviolate and within our 
party our authority remains supreme. We carry 
forward our propaganda and promote onr activities 
not onlv as before, but with a renewed and revital- 
ized energy and enthusiasm inspired by this supreme 
opportunity, and more thrilling and sustaining than 

ever before. 

Though he is not a Socialist we need not blush or 
apologize to give our support to Robert M. La 
Follette in the life-giving and hope-inspiring struggle 
of the present hour. All his life he has stood up 
like a man for the right according to his light; he 
has been shamefully maligned, ostracized and per- 
secuted by the predatory powers of the plutocracy, 
yet his bitterest foe has never dared to question his 
personal integrity or his political rectitude. 

The Cleveland Convention was fruitful of the 
most vital achievement and marks an epoch in 
American labor history. More important than its 
speeches and affirmations, more important than its 
platform and its candidates was its pledge to the 
American workers in mill and factory and mine, 
upon the railways, out on the farms, and in all 
their varied activities, that, following the election, 
their forces should be marshalled in battle array in 
their own political party, marching bravely in one 
conquering phalanx beneath their own proud banner 
to their destined goal— the emancipation of their 
own triumphant hosts and of all humanity. 

The American Labor Party is in sight! 

Hail its inspiring advent and speed the day of its 
glorious triumph! 

The tocsin of battle sounds, and like Job's noble 
war-steed we smell the battle from afar and welcome 
the conflict with the enemies of labor and the des- 
poilers of the people. 

We stand for the peace and freedom and happi- 
ness of all humanity and our cause is certain to 
triumph in the end. 

Fofa)ard, Comrades, with the courage of Con- 
querors to the Land of Light and the Neu) Cioil- 

The Enemy Opens Fire Upon The Workers-With Lies 

By George K. Kirkpatrick 

The press of American plutocracy has obediently 
opened fire to damage with a deluge of lies the great 
nation-wide political forward movement of the 
common people launched last week at Cleveland. 
Right well the masters of the bread know that al- 
ready many millions of America's common people 
are keen with interest and are expectantly waiting 
for every scrap of news pertaining to the great work 
started by the Cleveland Conference for Progressive 
Political Action and the National Socialist Con- 
vention. The masters begin to see clearly that their 
challenge to the toilers of America has been accept- 
ed and that the recent week's work at Cleveland 
spells disaster to the old-time ways and means and 
plans for holding the common people under the 
galling yoke of industrial despotism. 

Logically the plutocratic press attacks this new 
nation-rousing movement — with lies, malicious 
and malignant lies — and detestable misrepresenta- 
tions. One of the first huge lies flashed oyer the 
nation to deceive the workers is malicious misrepre- 
sentation of Eugene V. Debs, National Chairman 
of the Socialist Party. A cunning story is presented 
on the first page of a leading Chicago paper with 
Debs's picture with headlines reiterating three times 
that Debs is delighted with the Democratic pres- 
idential nominee, Davis. This same misrepresen- 
tation is already in certain New York papers. And 
thus the prostitute press begins to belch its filth of 
malignant misrepresentation into the campaign. 

Whatever Debs may think of Davis personally 
he knows Davis as a loyal representative of the 


great financial house of J. P. Morgan and Com- 
pany, and as a powerful attorney standing before 
the United States Supreme Court arguing with skill 
and cunning on the Coronado Coal Company s at- 
tack on the miners* union to the end that a decision 
might be had from that court which would enable 
the employers all over the land to destroy utterly 
the organized national and international labor bodies 
by making their treasuries good for all losses in- 
curred by employers in consequence of strikes con- 
ducted anywhere by union labor. Debs knows 
just what this would have meant to organized labor. 
Debs marked the enthusiasm with which the Em- 
ployers* Association took up the arguments set forth 
by the present Democratic presidential nominee, 
Davis. And Debs of all men would be the last to 
be "pleased with Mr. Davis's nomination for the 
presidency of the United States* 1 — Dauis u)ho 
Would place in the hands of the employers a court 
decision that Would spell *u)ift and utter ruin to or 
ganized labor in this country. 

As soon as this shameless lie appeared the Na- 
tional Secretary got into direct communication with 
Debs and Dr. Holway, who has personal charge 
of Debs at the Lindlahr Sanitarium, From Debs 

the National Secretary has a positive written state- 
ment that he has denied all and every request for 
interviews and communications during and since the 
Socialist Convention at Cleveland — except the re- 
ception of the Committee appointed by the Socialist 
Convention to wait upon Debs immediately follow- 
ing the Convention. And from Dr. Holway she 
has emphatic corroboration of Deb's affirmation 
that he has firmly declined all interviews with the 
exception just noted. 

This will be one of the fiercest campaigns since 
the Civil War, and the workers of this land must be 
on guard; they can logically expect that by insin- 
uation, misrepresentation and outright shameless 
lying the plutocratic press will obey its master and 
fill the air with dust and filth to the end that the 
workers' understanding of the men and women, and 
the issues, programs and purposes of the great new 
movement may be hindered to the utmost limit. 
Labor is indeed on the march in this country. The 
first agency for their betrayal will be the plutocratic 
press. Let the workers be warned, everywhere and 
warned daily that their deadliest enemy is the press 
that fills the air with malicious and confusing lies. 

Declaration Of Principles Of The Socialist Party 

The Socialist Party is the party of the workers. 
It urges the workers to take economic and political 
power away from the capitalist class, not to establish 
themselves as a new ruling class, but to abolish for- 
ever all class divisions and class rule. 

America today is not owned by the American 
people. Our so-called national wealth \s not the 
wealth of the nation but of the privileged few. These 
few are the rulers of America. They are few in 
number but they dominate the lives of their fellow 
men* They own our jobs and determine our wages; 
they control markets and fix prices; they own our 
homes and fix rents; they own our food and set its 
cost; they own the press; they own the government 
and make our laws; they own our schools and mould 
the people's minds. The Socialist Party of the 
United States demands that the country and its so- 
cially useable industrial wealth be redeemed from 
the control of private interests and turned over to the 
people to be administered for the benefit of all. 

The Socialist Party advocates the establishment 
of a system of co-operative and publicly owned 
and managed warehou;*s, markets, and credits to 
promote direct dealing between farmers and city 
consirmers at the cost of the service in their mutual 
interests. This will reduce the cost of living, will 
assure to the farmers a proper compensation for 
their labor, and will enable them to escape from the 

twin curses of tenantry and mortgaged serfdom. 

The socialization of industry, as Socialists con- 
ceive it, means more than is commonly understood in 
the term government ownership: it includes demo- 
cratic administration through the elected and res- 
ponsible representatives of the workers in the res- 
pective industries and of the people as a whole. 

The bulk of the American people are worker? 
of hand and brain; men and women who render 
useful service to the community in the countless 
ways of modern civilization. They produce the 
nation's wealth but live in constant dread of pover- 
ty. They feed and clothe the rich, yet bow to their 
alleged superiority. They keep alive the industries, 
but have no voice in their management. They con- 
stitute the majority and can right all these social 
wrongs whenever they learn to use the power of their 

The ruling class and their retainers cannot be ex- 
pected to change the iniquitous system of which 
they are the beneficiaries. The workers alone have 
a direct and compelling interest in abolishing that 

To do this the workers must be united in a politi- 
cal party and use it to enact such measures as will 
immediately benefit the workers, raise their stan- 
dard of life, increase their power, and stiffen their 
resistance to capitalist aggression; and ultimately 



to transfer to the people ownership of large scale in- 
dustries, beginning with those of a public character, 
such as banking, insurance, mining, transportation, 
communication, and the trustified industries, and ex- 
tending the process as rapidly as conditions will per- 
mit, to the end that the exploitation of labor through 
rent, interest, and profit may finally be abolished. 

The workers of town and country must be strong- 
ly organized on economic as well as on political 
lines, The ceaseless struggle of the labor unions 
and the constructive work of co-operative societies 
are absolutely necessary, not only for the immediate 
defence and betterment of the material and social 
condition of the producing classes, but also to equip 
them with the knowledge and the habit of self- 
discipline which they must have in order to ad- 
minister efficiently the industries of which they are 
to win control. 

It is the bounden duty of every Socialist wage- 
worker to be a loyal and active member of the 
union of his industry or trade, and to strive with all 
his power for the strengthening and solidification 
of the trade-union movement It is the duty and 
the privilege of the Socialist Party and its press to 
aid the unions in all their struggles for better wages, 
increased leisure, and better conditions of employ- 

The Socialist Party seeks to attain its end by or- 
derly methods, and depends upon education and or- 
ganization of the masses. 

The Socialist Party stands for the mass of the 
American people. But its interest is not limited to 

America alone. In modern civilization the destinies 
of all nations are inextricably interwoven. No na- 
tion can be prosperous, happy, and free while its 
neighbors are poor, miserable, and enslaved. The 
ties of international solidarity are particularly vital 
among the workers. In all advanced countries the 
working classes are engaged in an identical struggle 
for political and economic freedom, and the success 
or failure of each is reflected upon the fortunes 
of all. 

The Socialist Party is opposed to militarism, im- 
perialism, and war. Modern wars are caused by 
commercial and financial rivalries and intrigues of 
capitalist interests in different countries. They are 
made by the ruling classes and fought by the masses. 
They bring wealth and power to the privileged few 
and suffering, death, and desolation to the many. 
They cripple the struggles of the workers for poli- 
tical rights, material improvement and social justice, 
and tend to sever the bonds of solidarity between 
them and their brothers in other countries, 

The Socialist movement is a world struggle in 
behalf of civilization. The Socialist Party co- 
operates with similar parties in other countries, and 
extends to them its full support in their struggles, 
confident that the workers all over the world will 
eventually secure the powers of government, abolish 
the oppression and chaos, the strife and bloodshed 
of international capitalism, and establish a federation 
of Socialist republics, co-operating with each other 
for the benefit of the human race, and for the main- 
tenance of the peace of the world. 

Report Of The Committee On Organization 
And Campaign Of The C. P. P. A. 

Adopted by the Conference for Progressive Political Action in Cleveland, July 5, 1924. 

Your Committee on Organisation and Campaign 
recommends : 

(I ) That this Convention endorse the candidacy 
of Senator Robert M. LaFollette for President of 
the United States, upon the platform submitted by 
him and read to this Conference. 

(2) That it authorize the incoming National 
Committee, in co-operation with the LaFollette-for- 
President committee, and on consultation with the 
Senator, to name a candidate for Vice-President 
of the United States. 

(3) That the present National Committee shall 
be continued in office, with instructions to increase 
its membership to not less than fifty. 

The members of the National Committee shall 
be as representative as possible of the various groups 
and geographical sections represented in this Con- 

vention, and shall have the power to add to its 
numbers from time to time. 

Your Committee recommends that the National 
Committee, if it deem it advisable, may change the 
location of the headquarters, and to establish branch 
offices in other places. 

During the coming presidential campaign the Na- 
tional Committee shall function as the campaign 
committee of this body. It shall have the power 
to appoint a campaign manager and such clerical 
help, organizers and employes as shall in its opinion. 
be necessary, and to undertake such other actions 
as will insure the proper arid efficient conduct of the 
campaign. It shall also have the power to choose 
officers and sub-committees, including an executive 

The National Committee shall also be charged 


with the task of securing the nomination and election 
of U. S. Senators, Representatives in Congress, 
members of State Legislatures, and other state and 
local public officers who are pledged to the interests 
of the producing classes, and to the principles of 
genuine democracy in agriculture, industry and 
government, and shall as soon as practicable or- 
ganize state and local campaign committees to con- 
duct the campaign within their respective territories 
under the supervision and directions of the National 

A meeting of the National Committee shall be 
held on Friday, July 18, 1924, at 10 o'clock AM. 
at the headquarters of this organization, and each 
meeting of the committee shall fix the date and 
place of the succeeding meeting. 

(4) That on the 29th of November, 1924, the 

latter part of the month of January, 1925, at such 
place and such d efinite date as the committee may 

The object of the Convention shall be to consider 

National Committee 




issue a call for 

a special National 





in the 

and pass u pon the questions of forming a permanent 
independe nt political party for national and local 
elections u pon the basis of the general principles laid 
down in the platform adopted by this Convent i on 
and for t he transaction of such other business as may 
come before the Convention, 

The basis of representation and voting at the 
Convention shall be the same as adopted at the St, 
Louis meeting of the Conference for Progressive 
Political Action for the Cleveland Convention of 
July, 1924. 

Minutes Of The National Convention, Socialist Party 

Cleveland, Ohio, Sunday, July 6. 1924. 


Convention called to order at 10:30 A. M. by 
National Secretary Bertha Hale White. The fol- 
lowing delegates answered to roll call: 
California — Cameron H. King, Alexander Horr, 
Walter Thomas Mills, Lena Morrow Lewis. 
Connecticut — Louis Krahl, Mrs. Louis Krahl, 

Walter E. Davis, Wm. Cahil. 
District of Columbia — Marx Lewis. 
Illinois — Tilden Bozarth, Katherine Claus, John 
Collins, Wm. A. Cunnea, George Koop, Mor- 
ris Siskind, W. R. Snow, John T. Whitlock, 
Dave Woodhouse, Swan Johnson, John Frank 
Indiana — - Emma Henry, Wm. H. Henry, Seve- 

rino Polio, Wm, Fogelson, 
Kentucky — John Thobe. 
Maryland — S. M. Neistadt, Wm. A. Toole, 

James L. Smiley. 
Michigan — M. Wagman, Louis Wise. 
Minnesota — Lynn Thompson, D. Shier, A. B. 

Missouri — W. L. Garver, W. M. Brandt, G. A. 

Hoehn, B. Cohen. 
Neu) Jersey— Leo M. Harkins, George H. Goebel, 
Mrs. Charlotte Bohlin, George Bauer, Her- 
man Niessner, Alfred Altert, James B. 
Neu) York — May Harris Mainland, Charles 
Solomon, Morris Hillquit, Algernon Lee, Aug- 

ust Ciaessens, William Karlin, Jacob Panken, 
Morris Berman, Jos. D. Cannon, Julius Ger- 
ber, Louis Waldman, Harriot Stanton Blatch, 
Alexander Kahn, (Alt,), S. John Block, 
Simon Berlin, James Oneal, A. I. Shiplacoff, 
J. A. Whitehorn, W. W, Passage, Joseph F. 
Viola, Jacob Bernstein, Henry Feuer, Patrick 
J. Murphy, Joseph Kooperman, Edw. H. 
MacDonald (Alt.), Herbert M. Merrill, 
Warren Atkinson, Irving M. Weiss. Ray 
Newkirk, Edwin D. Ladd. 

North Carolina — M. E. Edson. 

Ohio — Joseph W. Sharts, Oscar K. Edelman, 
John G. Willert, Joseph Martinek, Anna Kiel, 
Nick Weltlich, John Ojala, Thomas C De- 
vine, J. H. Bjorn, Theodore Johnson, 

Oklahoma — O. E. Enfield, (Alt). 

Pennsylvania — William Adams, J. Aulenbach, 
Cora Bixler, Josepr E. Cohen, Harry Eckard, 
Darlington Hoopes, H. Levine, Alfred Baker 
Lewis, P. A. McGowan, Charles Sehl, Frank 
Silvis, Geo.W. Snyder, Sidney Stark, J. Henry 
Stump, Wm. J. Van Essen, Anna Van Essen T 
George Weinstein, John Weisberg and Louis 
Zeff, (one-half vote each), Julius Weisberg. 

West Virginia — I. G. Miller. 

Texas — Robert M, Young, C. T* Stopper. 

Wisconsin — John Bauernfeind, Victor L, Berger, 
William Coleman, Dr. Karl L. DeSombre, 
Mrs. Pauline Deuss, Thomas M. Duncan, 



Paul Gauer, H. M. Seidelman (Alt.). Daniel 
W. Hoan, Herman O. Kent, Edmund T. 
Melms, Henry OH (Alt.), Leo Kryzycki, 
(Alt), Joseph A- Padway, William F. 
Quick, Charles C Schad, William F. Schultz, 
J. J. Handley (Alt.), John Doerfler, Jr. 
(Alt), Arthur Shutkin, Henry Sievenhaar, 
Aaron Rosenthal (Alt), Herman Tucker, 
Ernest Untermann, S. Ziebelman, Mrs. Victor 
L. Berger (Alt). 
New England States Organization District — A. 

J. Parker. 
Massachusetts — Geo. E. Roewer, Jr., Helena 

Turitz, Albert Sprague Coolidge. 
Rhode Island — Peter Marcus. 
Mountain States Organization District — O. A. 

Northwestern States Organization District — Emil 

Herman, F. M. Dwyer. 
Young People's Socialist League. — Albert Weis- 
bord, Oscar Albrecht, Harry Bordman, Mor- 
ris Novick. 
Bohemian Federation — Alois Kostka, 
Finnish Federation — W. N. Reivo. 
Italian Federation — James Battistoni, Girolamo 

Jewish Federation — David Shub, H. Lang, 

Nathan Chanin. 
Jugo-Slao Federation — Frank Zaitz, Charles 
Pogorelec, Andrew Sogatay. 
Delegate Hoan of Milwaukee was elected Chair- 
man, and Delegate King of California Vice-Chair- 
man. Leo M. Harkins of New Jersey elected 
secretary of the convention, Elizabeth Goldstein of 
New York assistant secretary. 

Telegrams of greetings were read from the 
Y. P. S. L, of Milwaukee, from Otto Branstetter, 
and from the state organization of Idaho. The 
Convention voted to send greetings to Comrade 
Branstetter and to Comrade Debs. 

Toole of Maryland was elected Sergeant-at- 

Nominations for the Committee on Contested 
Seats: Bohlin of New Jersey; Melms of Wiscon- 
sin; Kooperman of New York; Roewer of Mass- 
achusetts; Herman of Washington; Snow of 111- 
inois; Horr of California. Declinations: Garver, 
King and Cohen. 

Nominations for Commitee on Constitution: 
Doerfler of Wisconsin; Sehl of Pennsylvania, 
Brandt of Missouri; Weis^ of New York; Wald- 
man of New York; Quick of Wis.; Stewart of 
Michigan ; King of California. Declination : Sharts 
of Ohio, 

The following were nominated on the committee 
to formulate the Report on the Relations Between 
the Socialist Party and the Conference for Pro- 

gressive Political Action: 

Lewis of Cal., Hoehn of Mo„ Panken of N. Y., 
Hillquit of N. Y„ Berger of Wis., Solomon of 
N. Y., Harkins of N, J.. Oneal of N. Y., Roewer 
of Mass., Block of N. Y., Herman of Wash., 
Stump of Pa,, Collins of 111,, Young of Texas, 
Passage of N. Y.. Miller of W. Va„ Toole of 
Md., Stewart of Mich., Goebel of N. J., Thobe 
of Ky., Snow of 111., Davis of Conn., Enfield of 
Okla, Declinations: Solomon, Oneal, Lee, Block, 
Young, Passage and Toole. 

By motion it was decided that above committee 
consist of fifteen members, and not more than two 
from each state. 

The following were nominated for the Committee 
on Resolutions: Solomon of N. Y., Furber of N. 
J., Untermann of Wis., Thompson of Minn., Lee 
ot N. Y., Hillquit and Passage of N. Y., Lewis of 
Pa., Mills of Cal., Kiel of Ohio, Garver of Mo., 
Block of New York, Seskind of III, Atkinson of 
N. Y. Declinations: Hillquit, Block and Seskind. 

Following were nominated for Committee on 
Organization and Finance: Viola of N. Y., Karlin 
of N. Y., Coleman of Wis., Van Essen v of Pa., 
Kent of Wis., Berman of N. Y., Edson of N. C, 
Devine of Ohio, Snyder of Pa,, Weisbord of Mass., 
Feuer of N. Y., Newland of Ind„ Krahl of Pa„ 
Whitlock of III., Weiss of Mich., Neistadt of Md„ 
Krzycki of Wis,, Emma Henry of Ind., Merrill of 
N. Y. Declinations: Coleman, Kent, Berman, 
Sdson, Feuer, Krahl, Merrill. 

Upon motion, Ray Newkirk and Edwin D. Ladd 
:f N. Y, were seated as delegates. 

The following committee on Economic Organ- 
ization, consisting of seven members were elected by 
acclamation: Coleman of Wis., Seskind of 111., 
X'agman of Mich., Cannon of N. Y., Melms of 
*Vis., Martmek of Ohio, and Hon of Cal. 

By motion, the chairman was authorized to ap- 
point a committee of three on Y. P. S. L. organ- 
: nation. 

The convention voted that the rules by which it 
i&all be governed shall be as stated on page 1 1 of 
rrje June issue of the Socialist World. 

Voted that the Committee of Fifteen bring in its 
report not later than Monday morning, and that 
fust as soon as the report is ready that it be taken 
mp immediately. 

Motion expressing thanks and appreciation of the 
convention for the untiring effort and careful ar- 
rangements made by the Cleveland members for the 
conduct of the convention, especially the comrades 
c£ the Jewish Daily Forward, and in particular 
Comrades Weinstein and Hanford of the Con- 
?~ntion Arrangements Committee, adopted un- 
t L_n:mously. 

Snow of Illinois reported for the Committee on 



Contested Seats. Report accepted. 

The following were elected as the Resolutions 
Committee: Lee of New York, Mills of Cal., Un- 
terman of Wis., Lewis of Pa., and Solomon of 
New York. 

The following were elected the Committee on 
Organization and Finance: Van Essen of Pa., 
Krzycki of Wis., Karlin of N. Y.. Weisbord of 
Mass., Devine of Ohio. 

The following were appointed as the Press 
Committee: Duncan of Wis., Kirkpatrick of 111., 
and Wilson of Pa. 

The following fifteen delegates were elected as 
the Committee on Relations with the C. P. P. A.: 

Hillquit of N. Y. (115); King of Cal. (110); 
Berger of Wis. (107); Hoehn of Mo. (91); 
Cohen of Pa. (88) ; Lewis of Cal. (80) ; Roewer 
of Mass. (80) ; Sharts of Ohio (79) ; Harkins of 
N. J. (77) ; Goebel of N. J. (76) ; Henry of Ind. 
(73); Duncan of Wis. (74); Oneal of N. Y. 
(73); Herman of Wash. (61); Collins of 111. 

July 7, 1924 

Convention called to order at 10:10 A. M. by 
Daniel Hoan, Chairman of the previous day. Lee 
of New York was elected Chairman and King of 
California Vice-Chairman. 

By recommendation of the National Executive 
Committee, Roland A. Gibson, President of the 
Dartmouth College Club for Progressive Political 
Action, was seated as a fraternal delegate with a 
voice but no vote. 

Telegrams of greetings were read from the Sec- 
retary of Branch No. 15 of the Workmen's Circle 
of Hartford, Conn., and from the 6th A.D. of the 
Socialist Party, Kings County, New York. 

Delegate Cannon, of New York, for the Com- 
mittee on Economic organization, submitted res- 

Moved by Delegate Cannon that the resolution 
of the committee as read be adopted. 

Amendment offered by Delegate Waldman to 
insert two words in the fifth line of the second 
paragraph so that the statement instead of reading 
''unionism is the one institution on which they can 
depend," will read, "unionism is one of the in- 

The amendment was carried by a vote of 78 
to 30. 

Delegate Solomon of New York, for the Com- 
mittee on Platform and Resolutions, read draft of 
the Declaration of Principles of the Socialist Party. 

Moved to adopt report of the committee, but to 
send it back for improvement as to style. 

Delegate Mills of California continued report of 

the Committee on Resolutions, offering the follow- 
ing resolution: 

"Resolved, that the Socialist Party reaf- 
firms its repeated and insistent demand that 
there shall be granted by our government of- 
ficial recognition of the Russian Government 
and the maintenance of the same friendly 
diplomatic and commercial relations as we now 
maintain with the most favored nations." 

On motion thej-esolution was adopted. 

Roberto Haberman, fraternal delegate from the 
Mexican Labor Party, upon invitation of the Con- 
vention, addressed the delegates, bringing greetings 
from the Mexican Labor movement, and outlining 
the progress of the labor movement in Mexico, and 
announcing the election on the previous day in 
Mexico of a labor and Socialist president. 

Upon motion of Delegate Lewis of California, 
the convention voted to send congratulations to the 
Mexican Labor Party for the election of Calles, 
labor president, and an expression of sorrow for the 
execution of Carrillo. This motion was unanimously 

Tribute was paid by Delegate Mills of California 
to the services rendered by the Mexican Labor 
Movement to the American Labor movement, and 
mentioned especially the valuable work of Brother 
Kelley of the Machinists' Union. 

The National Secretary reported that the Mis- 
souri delegation had decided to donate to the Na- 
tional Office their delegates' expenses amounting 
to $121.24. 

Delegate Waldman of New York, reporting for 
the Committee on Constitution, recommended the 
adoption of the constitution of 1922, with follow- 
ing amendments: Section l t Article 2, to read: 
"Political action within the meaning of this section 
is participation in elections for public offices and 
practical legislation for administration work along 
the line of the Socialist Party Platform, to gain 
control of the powers of government to the end that 
the capitalist system be abolished and the Co-oper- 
ative Commonwealth be substituted: This amend- 
ment carried. Section 2, Article 2: Action on 
amendment proposed laid over. 

King of California, for the Majority Report of 
the Committee of Fifteen, took the floor and read 
the following and moved its adoption: 

(See Resolution on Relations to the Conference 
for Progressive Political Action on page 1 ) . 

Snow of Illinois, for the Minority Report of same 
committee, submitted report, moving its adoption: 


The Conference for Progressive Political Action 



which has just adjourned in Cleveland in spite of its 
significance as a gathering of progressive and labor 
forces, has failed to launch an independent Party 
of Labor, or even an independent thirt party; but 
is rather the crystalization of the vague sentiment 
of unrest around the personality of one man, and 
that man a life long republican, who has never at- 
tacked the fundamental foundations of capitalist 
society, viz. — the private ownership of the tools and 
instruments of production and distribution and its 
consequent division of society into two distinct 
economic classes, — the greatest single fact that exists 
in the social relations of mankind today. 

The Socialist Party is willing today as it has al- 
ways been to work for the upbuilding of a strong 
political party representing the useful producing 
classes. But we cannot Submerge our identity and 
lose all we have gained in forty years of painful 
effort that has meant the self-sacrifice of thousands 
of workers for some hazy; indefinite promise that 
seven months from now a labor party may be form- 
ed, or sign a blank check for a vice-presidential 
nominee not yet named. 

Neither can we subscribe to a platform so delight- 
fully vague and indefinite as to the fundamental 
causes of social injustice, that any forward looking 
exploiter of labor, democrat or republican could 
subscribe to. A platform so meaningless that it 
might have been written by W. J. Bryan thirty years 
ago. Shall we look forward to the future or back 
to the past for inspiration? Shall we surrender our- 
selves to forces that can well wipe out the last 
vestige of an organized Socialist movement for 
many years to come? 

In order to preserve the identity and usefulnes of 
the Socialist Party and the Socialist Movement and 
make possible its usefulness in the future battles 
of labor, 

We. the Minority Committee, recorrxmend: 

(1) That this 1934 convention of the Socialist 
Party proceed to nominate its own candidates for 
president and vice-president of the United States. 

(2) That we proceed to conduct our own 
campaign on a platform and with a program that 
states distinctly the fundamental problems that con- 
front modern society. 

Fraternally submitted, 
Wm. H. Henry 
W. R. Snow 

Further discussion on these reports was deferred 
until after the noon recess. 

Convention adjourned at one o'clock, to recon- 
vene at 2. 

July 7th, 1924. 
Convention called to order by Chairman Lee at 

2:15 P. M. 

Delegate Solomon of New York offered the 
following resolutions of greetings to be sent to 
Ramsay MacDonald and to the Socialist Party of 
"Ramsay MacDonald: 

The Socialist Party of the United States, in na- 
tional convention assembled, sends its fraternal 
greetings to you and through you to the labor move- 
ment of the British Isles. We hail the rise to power 
of British labor not only for what it means to the 
workers of the British Isle but because of its sig- 
nificance for world peace and the international So- 
cialist and labor movement.** 
"To the Socialist Party of France: 

The Socialist Party of the United States, Ixj na- 
tional convention assembled, sends its fraternal 
greetings to you and acclaims your recent victories 
as an outstanding augury for the early establishment 
of an enduring world peace and an inspiration to 
Socialists everywhere/ 1 

On motion of Waldman of New York, Abraham 
Cahan of Jewish Daily Forward was seated as a 
delegate with voice and no vote. 

With the consent of the Minority Committee, the 
rules governing the discussion on the adoption of the 
minority or majority report, or substitute, were 
amended to give the spokesmen of the Minority and 
Majority reports fifteen minutes each to open the 
discussion, fifteen minutes to close the discussion; 
and that for the other speakers the five minute rule 

Delegate King made the opening address on 
behalf of the Majority Report. 

Delegate Snow made the opening address on 
behalf of the Minority Report. 

Delegate Panken offered the following substitute 
for the whole: 

Proposition by Delegate ParJtrn 

The main practical object of the Socialist Party 
is the organization of the workers into a political 
class party. With ihat supreme object in view the 
party has always encouraged and supported every 
genuine movement of labor toward independent 
politics. The Conference for Progressive Political 
Action was organized with the assistance of the 
Socialist Party, and our party co-operated with its 
work and development. 

Our co-operation with the forces of the Con- 
ference for Progressive Political Action has already 
resulted in much good, and during the campaign 
can, in our opinion, vastly facilitate the formation 
of a genuine labor party next January. The So- 
cialist Party with it* political training and ex- 
perience, its clear social vision and Ideal, and its 
devoted membership will be called upon to give the 
new movement substance and direction, and to play 



in it a part as important as that which our sister 
party in England plays in the political labor move- 
ment of that country. 

The integrity of the Socialist Party must be 
preserved* and it$ membership and activities in- 
creased, not only for the good of the Socialist move- 
ment as such, but also for the character, growth and 
success of the political labor movement of the 

The convention specifically declares that the So- 
cialist Party firmly adheres to the principles of So- 
cialism as set forth in the Platform and Declaration 
of Principles adopted at this and previous conven- 
tions of the Socialist Party. 

Resolved, that the incoming National Executive 
Committee of the Socialist Party meet on the 20th 
day of July, 1924, at a place to be fixed by the 
National Executive Committee. 

That the Committee is instructed to endorse the 
candidates for president and vice-president of the 
Committee for Progressive Political Action, provid- 
ed the candidate for vice-president is not also the 
candidate of either the Democratic or Republican 
party and is satisfactory to the National Executive 

That the Committee is instructed in the event it 
will not be able to endorse the national ticket of the 
Committee for Progressive Political Action to cause 
a call to be issued for a conference of representatives 
of the Socialist Party state organizations. 

That for that purpose each state delegation re- 
presented in this convention is required to designate 
a representative of the state to act in such event. 

That the Socialist Party request an increased re- 
presentation on the enlarged National Committee of 
the Conference for Progressive Political Action. 

That in the coming campaign tht5 Socialist Party 
co-operate whole-heartedly with the Conference for 
Progressive Political Action in the national election 
and in all such state and local elections in which 
independent labor and farmer candidates are nomi- 
nated with the co-operation of the state and local 
Socialist Party organizations. 

That the Socialist Party send a full represen- 
tation to the convention to be held in January, 1925, 
for the purpose of considering the formation of a 
permanent and independent new party arid do every- 
thing in its power to make that convention as large, 
representative and successful as possible. 

The representatives of the Socialist Party to the 
January convention of 1925 are hereby instructed 
to vote and work for the formation of a party 
separate and distinct from and opposed to the Re- 
publican, Democratic and other capitalist parties, 
to be composed ofeconomic organization of labor, 
working farmers* the Socialist Party, and other ad- 
vanced groups, with complete national, state and 

local form of organization and upon a platform con- 
taining as a minimum the planks of the platform ad- 
opted by the convention of the Conference for Pro- 
gressive Political Action held in Cleveland, July, 

National Secretary White read the following 
telegram from Eugene V, Debs: 

Elmhurst. 111., 
Bertha Hale White, July 7, 1924. 

Hotel Winton, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Love and greetings to our delegates. Answering 
your inquiry, I hesitate at this distance to intrude 
upon your deliberations* especially as I have full 
faith in the loyalty and judgment of our delegates, 
and shall willingly abide by the action of our con- 
vention. I think it wise for our party to make no 
nominations under the circumstances but at the same 
time to hold the Socialist Party intact, adhere rigidly 
to its principles and keep the red flag flying. I 
hope above all there will be no division but that all 
will unite loyally in carrying out the program adopt- 
ed by the convention. I need not assure you that 
my heart is with you. In this crises, as in the past, 
the Socialist Party is the party of the working class 
and faces the future with absolute confidence and 
without fear. 

Yours for Socialism, 
(Signed) Eugene V* Debs, 

The discussion lasted for several hours, after 
which Delegate Henry made the closing argument 
for the Minority Report, Delegate Hillquit for the 
Majority Report, and a vote was taken. 

Substitute by Delegate Panken lost. Roll call 
showed 1 1 3 in favor of the Majority Report, and 
19 for the Minority. 

Schad of Wisconsin moved to make the Majority 
Report unanimous. Stark of Pennsylvania object- 
ed, whereupon Delegate Schad and one other 
changed their votes making the final total 115 in 
favor of the Majority Report and 1 7 for the Minor- 
ity Report. 

Delegate Mainland of New York cast her vote 
for the Majority Report but wished it understood 
that she did so to prevent a divsion and in the in- 
terest of harmony. 

Delegate Herman of Washington, when casting 
his vote for the Majority Report, said; **In casting 
my vote for the Majority Report I wish to say that 
I do so merely because I realize that nothing else 
can be done under the circumstances without sever- 
ing our connection with the Conference for Progress- 
ive Political Action, and that we cannot afford 
to do." 

The convention adjourned at 7:50, to meet 
Tuesday morning at 10 o'clock. 



July 6, 1924. 

Convention was called to order at 10:30 A. M. 
by Chairman Lee. 

Emma Henry of Indiana was elected Chairman 
for the day; Van Essen of Pa., Vice-Chairman. 

On motion the Convention voted to seat Marie 
MacDonald of New York in place of Feuer of 
New York; Novick of New York instead of Blatch 
of New York; Wilson of Pa. instead of Siegel of 
Pa.; and Mrs, Krahl of Connecticut instead of 
Cahill of Conn. 

Delegate Goebel of New Jersey moved that the 
rules be suspended so that the nomination and elect- 
ion of members of the National Executive Com- 
mittee take place at 11:15 o'clock. Motion carried. 

Delegate Waldman, for the Constitution Com- 
mittee, continued report. 

The amendments offered by the Constitution 
Corumittec, which were adopted, also amendments 
offered by delegates from the floor, are on separate 
list attached hereto. 

At 11:15 all other business was suspended and 
the Convention proceeded with the election of mem 
bers of the National Executive Committee. 

The following were nominated for membership 
on the N. E. C: 

Stump of Pa., Hillquit of New York, Henry of 
Indiana, Berger of Wis., Brandt of Mo., Collins 
of III, Harkins of New Jersey, Wilson of Pa., 
Lewis of Cab, Melms of Wis., Roewer of Mass., 
Maurer of Pa. While the ballots were being coun- 
ted, the convention proceeded with unfinished 

The following amendment offered by Hillquit to 
the Constitution was passed by acclamation: 

Sec. !2, Article 7. "The Convention shall elect 
a National Chairman of the Party, whose powers 
and duties shall be as provided by law. He shall 
be a member Ex-officio of the National Executive 

Roewer of Mass. offered the following resolution 
and moved its adoption: "That this Convention 
delegate Bertha Hale White, James Oneal and 
Joseph E. Cohen, to wait upon Comrade Eugene 
V. Debs, and to express to him the regret of the 
Convention at his inability to be with us on this 
momentous occasion and to convey to him the af- 
fectionate greetings of his comrades in the Socialist 

Motion was carried that the question be divided, 
so that convention first vote on the election of a 
committee, and then elect the personnel. This 
motion to divide the question carried. 

The motion to elect a committee carried. 

Discussion. Delegate Cohen stated he could not 

The Convention elected James Oneal, Bertha 
Hale White, and William Henry to constitute the 

Delegate Waldman, for the Constitution Com- 
mittee, continued report. 

Comrade Claessens, for the Tellers Committee, 
reported the following, on votes cast for members 
of the National Executive Committee: 

121 ballots were cast, 61 being necessary for 
election. The votes as cast were as follows: Hill- 
quit 110; Maurer 108; Berger 88; Collins 77; 
Roewer 72; Harkins 62; Sharts 55; Henry 54; 
Brandt 49; Oneal 48; Melms 28; Stump 27; Lewis 
24; Kahn 21 ; Wilson 15; Lee 2; Hoehn 1 ; Cole- 
man 1 ; and Karlin 1 . 

Since only six nominees received the required 
number of votes for election, a second ballot was 
taken, resulting as follows: 

105 votes cast, 53 votes required: Sharts 28; 
Oneal 23; Henry 19; Lewis 11; Brandt 11; 
Melms 8; Wilson 2; Stump 2; Kahn 1. 

A motion was carried to take another ballot upon 
all those candidates originally failing of election, 
and if then no one is elected, the two delegates re- 
ceiving the highest number of votes shall be the 

The third ballot showed the following results: 

98 votes cast, majority required 50. 

Henry 33; Sharts 23; Oneal 16; Lewis 13; 
Brandt 9; Melms 3; Stump I. 

On the fourth ballot the result obtained was as 

94 ballots cast; 47 ballots required: Sharts 49; 
Henry 45. Sharts elected. 

Convention adjourned for lunch at one o'clock 
to reconvene at 2. 

July 8, 1924. 

Convention called to order at 3 : 1 5, by Chairman 
Emma Henry. 

Telegrams of greetings were read from, the Y. 
P.S.L. of New York and from the International 
Pocketbook Workers* Union. 

Delegate Friedman, alternate from New York, 
seated as delegate. 

Delegate Weisbord for the Y.P.S.L. Committee 
offered resolution .which was carried. 

Delegate Karlin for the Committee on Organ- 
ization and Finance continued his report. An amend- 
rnent to this report was offerecT by Viola of New 
York, instructing the N. E. C to engage European 
international Socialist leaders for an organization 
and propaganda tour. The committee's report as 
amended was carried. 

Mills of California read a telegram from Mahoney 
of the Farmer-Labor Party, 



Delegates Lee of New York, Lewis of Pa., 
Untermann of Wis,, Mills of California, all took 
the floor for the Resolutions Committee, and offered 
the resolutions attached hereto, all of which carried. 

The resolution on the Ku KIux Klan introduced 
by Comrade Lee was opposed by Goebel of New 
Jersey, precipitating a heated discussion lasting for 
several hours. Goebel offered a substitute which, 
upon a vote, was favored by 19 delegates and op- 
posed by 53. 

Lee's resolution was finally adopted by a vote 
of 58 against 15. 

Delegate Hillquit moved that the incoming Na- 
tinal Executive Committee prepare a leaflet dealing 
with the issue of the Ku Klux Klan, Hillquit's 
motion carried. 

Delegate Roewer of Mass. moved that the un- 
finished business of this convention be referred to the 

incoming National Executive Committee, including 
the statement to the party membership of the Com- 
mittee of Fifteen on Relations with the C P. P. A. 
Motion carried. 

Upon suggestions of Comrade MacDonald of 
New York and King of California, it was moved 
that the committee elected to visit Debs should also 
visit Otto Branstetter. This motion carried un- 

Vote of thanks was extended to Comrade Berger 
for his work in Congress, and a motion was adopted 
that a report of his work in Congress be sent to the 
Socialist press. 

Comrade King of California made a farewell ad- 
dress, and the meeting then adjourned sine die. 

Elizabeth Goldstein, 
Assistant Secretary. 


That the incoming National Executive Committee 
be instructed to prepare and commence at the earli- 
est possible date an extensive campaign throughout 
the country. The plans for this campaign shall pro- 
vide for new propaganda and organization literature, 
and special work among the various elements of the 
population in conformity with the new alignments 
made by the party at this convention. 

That State, County, and Local organizations be 
directed to organize conference which shall consist 
of representatives of labor unions, farmers, co-opera- 
tive, and educational organizations, La Follette 
clubs, and all other sympathetic organizations. Such 
conferences shall create campaign committees for 
the purpose of carrying on the executive work of the 
campaign for the presidential ticket. Such con- 
ferences shall be initiated wherever possible by So- 
cialist organizations. 

Large social affairs and other enterprises shall 
be undertaken for the purpose of aiding the cam- 
paign fund, and always with a view to attracting 
the sympathetic elements to participate in the same, 

That national campaign lists be prepared and 
mailed to all constituent organizations, members, 
and sympathizers, and that all monies collected on 
same be divided as follows: 50% to the local or- 
ganization in which the money is obtained: 40% 
to the National Office; 10% to the State or 
District Organizations. 

That a campaign manager be immediately put 
in charge of the work of the campaign, and that 
campaign organizers be sent to the various unorgan- 
ized fields for the purpose of placing the national, 


state, and Congressional tickets in the field. That 
additional representatives be sent to the unorganized 
fields for the purpose of initiating conferences and 
raising funds for the campaign. 

That immediately prior to the commencement of 
operations in a given territory, advertisements and 
other publicity matter be placed in the local papers. 
That the services of an expert be obtained for the 
purpose of preparing advertising copy to be used in 
various parts of the country for insertion in local 
papers. That the party obtain the services of a 
publicity manager who shall prepare material from 
time to time to be used by the various campaign 
managers throughout the country, and that a mat 
service be instituted for the distribution of publicity 
matter including suitable cartoons. 

That a pamphlet be prepared containing all the 
general talking points pertaining to the inunediate 
issues as contained in the platforms of the Confer- 
ence for Progressive Political Action and of the 
Socialist Party, accompanied by a collection of 
material facts and statistics pertaining to the same 
issues. This pamphlet is to be used by speakers and 
canvassers who are to be instructed to discuss the 
immediate issues as outlined in the talking points, 
and to keep away from discussing other matters as 
far as possible during the campaign. 

That the organizers, speakers, and canvassers of- 
ficially designated by the Party in Jts locals and 
branches be furnished from time to time during the 
campaign with talking points relating to the im- 
mediate issues of the campaign, and that they be in- 
structed in the ways and means of improving the 




Subscription Price: $J.OO a year. Single Copies JOc 
AIL matter intended for publication reach this of fun- 
not later than the 1st of the month preceding date of issue. 
Published Monthlv at 2(153 Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. 
by the 

Party organization, and increasing the membership 
by drawing from the various elements that may be 
attracted during the coming campaign such persons 
as are available for our membership. 

That a booklet be prepared outlining the im- 
mediate issues, for general distribution throughout 
the country. That suitable leaflets be prepared for 
general distribution, and also such as shall contain 
suitable material for unorganized territories in ac- 
cordance with the conditions of the immediate 

That the Party organizers emphasize in all So- 
cialist centers the importance of keeping up the in- 
tegrity of the Socialist Party while participating in 
the general movement. 

That the National Office prepare suitable Party 
slogans and emblems upon buttons, badges, banners 
and posters. Unique designs may be copyrighted 
for the purpose of deriving an income to increase 
the campaign fund. 

That if possible a Socialist of prominence broad- 
cast by radio from time to time appeals for funds. 
That the Socialist platform and speeches of the most 
prominent candidates be broadcasted by radio as 
frequently as the finances of the Party will permit, 

That the national campaign managers and com- 
mittees co-operate with the state and local organ- 
izations as far as possible in issuing local papers, 
at least during the campaign for the purpose of 
spreading news in favor of our platform and can- 

didates. w 



EUGENE V. DEBS, National Chairman, 
Terre Haute, Ind. 

BERTHA HALE WHITE, Executive Secretary, 
2653 Washington Blvd., Chicago, 111. 

Victor L. Bergcr, 980 First St, Milwaukee, Wis. 
John M. Collins, S39 N. St. Louis Ave., Chicago, III. 
Leo M. Harfcins, J325 Arch SU Philadelphia, Pa. 
Morris Hillquit, J9 West 44th St., New York City, N. Y. 
James H. Maurcr, 430 North St., Harrisburg, Pa. 
Geo. E. Ro«wer, Jr., 20 Pemberton Sq., Boston, Mass. 
Joseph W. Sharts, 805 Commercial Bid's-, Dayton, Ohio. 


Morris Hillquit, 19 West 44th St., New York City, N. Y. 


Albert. Weisbord, National Director, 

64 Pembertoa Square, Boston, Masst 

and the PLATFORM will each be issued as a 
leaflet, smaller size; prepaid, 25 cents per 100; 
$2.00 per 1,000; 5,000 or more $1.75 per 1,000. 
CHEATED is the title of the next big illustrated 
leaflet (by George R. Kirkpatrick). This leaflet 
will have a really powerful picture, a stunner. 
It will enable the unemployed toilers to realize just 
how disastrously they are cheated; how the courts, 
jails, bayonets and machine guns are ready to cut 
them down if they DARE TO DEMAND the 
right to work,— which they can never have under 
the wage-system. This leaflet is a genuine red-hot. 
50 cents per 100; $5.00 per 1,000: $20.00 for 



By Meyer Halushka 

A real achievement of the radical youth of Amer- 
ica is the June-July number of the Free Youth 
Magazine. Its 32 pages are filled with writings 
of men and women prominent in the Socialist and 
Labor movement. There is a critical survey and 
analysis of "British Labor's Rise to Power'* by 
Charles Solomon, former New York Assembly- 
man. An article on the meaning of Socialism by 
William M. Feigenbaum, Asst. Editor of The New 
Leader. There is a review of shortcomings and 
fallacies of the recent political conventions by 
Samuel H. Friedman, one of the editors of Free 

A commendable feature of the publication is the 
varied and numerous departments, such as: The 
Theatre, containing reviews of current dramatic 
productions; The Bookshelf, consisting of reviews 
of modern books; Swinging Around the Circle, em- 
bracing reports of Yipsel club activities. 

The issue also contains an account of the life 
of Ben Harford, and a reprint of the well known 
Socialist classic, "Jimmie Higgins." 

No Socialist should deprive his children or him- 
self of the opportunity of reading this splendid 
periodical. It is the only monthly magazine for the 
youth devoted to the cause of the Labor and So- 
cialist movement. Change your children from Henry 
Dubb Juniors to Jimmie Higgins Juniors by sending 
one dollar for one year's subscription to Free Youth, 
People House, 7 East 15th St., New York, N. Y.