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Full text of "Speedboats for victory / by Jacob Zelenietz"




SPEEDBOATS FOR VICTORY 



JACOB ZELENIETZ 



7 SEPTEMBER 1944 



BUMH4RY 

This paper shows how from Gar Wood's sporting Inter- 
est in motor "boat racing sprung a major weapon of this war. 






SPEEDBOATS FOR VICTORY 

INTRODUCTION 

In the present war - World War II - the FT "boats are 
playing a large part. In the Pacific, in the Battle of Bataan, 
the PT boat has inspired many stories. If we look back to their 
origin, there appears in the foreground the name of Garfield A. 
Wood, "better known to the snorting world as Gar Wood. 

WOOD'S START IN BOAT RACING 

According to J.L.Barrett, Gar Wood has "done more to 
popularise motor-boating than any other man." His career started 
when he bought an outmoded Gold Cup winner, the Miss Detroit . He 
remodled this boat and installed a Curtis "12" motor - . The maxi- 
mum speed of the boat would depend on the horsepower per pound 
of engine. Since airplane motors were built for maximum horse- 
power per pound of engine, Wood decided that those were the mo- 
tors that he wanted for his racing boats. 

THE MISS AMERICAS 

After the first World War Wood was able to buy the 
Liberty "12" motor. In 1920 he went to England with his Miss 
A merica I , the first of his "boats to be powered hy a Liberty 
motor. When he came back to the United States he brought with 
him the Harmsworth Trophy, which has remained here since then. 
He continued using the Liberty motor in his next four Hiss 
Americas . 
1. Barrett, J. Lee, Speed Boat King s, 1939 



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Miss America VI was powered by new air-cooled marine 
motors, but never did run in a trophy race, for in a trial run 
a few days before the race, it blew up. The motors were fished 
up and installed in riss America VII Just in time for the race, 
which she entered and won. 

In 1931 Wood entered two boats against the British 
challenger. They were Miss America VIII and Miss America IX . 
The first heat of the race was won by the British. In the second 
heat the British boat capsiaed on the turn. Miss , A meri ca. K , 
being piloted by Gar Wood was disqualified for beating the gyn. 
It crossed the starting line seven, insx,ecia wi nve, t>ecwuu.u oe- 
forw Tine guu. Tnib left ills a America VIiI 1,0 unlan die course 
ana ena-uxed us x.u noxa. x,He uvpny, 

MOTHER OF THE PT BOAT 

As a reBuit u± tms race tne Britisn bacame more de- 
termined to win and again challenged In 1932. Wood needed more 
horsepower in his boat this time. By installing four 750 Packard 
engineB in one boat he still did not have the power he desired. 
After supercharging the engines, Increasing their compression 
ratio, and by other means used to increase power, he manged to 
squeeze 1900 horsepower out of each of the four engines. 

In the Harasworth Trophy races the limit on the length 
of the boat is 40 feet. Wood had the problem of installing a 
total of 760O horsepower in a hull of 38 feet. A special gear 
box had to be developed to harness all this power. Not a cubic 
inch of hull could be wasted. Kiss America X lived up to her ex- 
pectations. The Trophy was again kept by Wood. A new world 



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record of 124,915 miles per hour was set. This boat was the mother 
of the PT. 

Wood tried talking the Navy, into "building a number of 
these "boats "before the present war, hut was unsuccessful* However, 
even with this late start, the PT boat has proved very effective. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 

Barrett, J. Lee: "Speed Boat Kings", Arnold-Powers, Inc. 1939 

King, Admiral Ernest J. : "U.S.- Office of Naval Operations',' 
I larch 1, 1943 

Stafford, Dale : "Sport Sired the PT Boats'; Esquire Vol. XXII, 
July, 1944