582 TALKS ON " AT THE FEET OF THE MASTER " me himself that he tried thfe experiment on some half dozen stray dogs that were found in the street. They were thoroughly well fed and^ brought into perfect health before the operation^; some ansesthetic was then administered and the dogs were nursed very carefully until they had recovered, and it was found that the operation had been successful. Here we have some half dozen stray dogs which were utilised for the purpose, and after being so utilised were turned out in very much better health than they had ever been before. The result was that this, which had before been thought impossible, became a recog- nised possibility, and that the operation, which is now a common one all over the world, is called by the name of the doctor who invented it. r The principle is undoubtedly wrong, but we can see that there was practically no cruelty to the animals concerned, and they were much better off for the time being. They had some weeks of care and good feeding, instead of being left to stray in the streets, and were then turned ^ a out in very much better health. You see that both in its motive and in its method that is quite, quite different from the other. I do not believe either of the things to be right as a matter of principle^ but still I do recognise that there is a very sharp distinc- tion to be drawn, and that it would be entirely inappropriate to attack the doctor, who did what I have just described, in the sort of way in 'which the anti-vivisectionists are constantly attacking the others.