24 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING And thus another writer: "Let him [the stammerer] hold a lighted candle in front of him as if he intended to blow it out; then endeavor to speak slowly,- at the same time blowing the words out with sufficient force to extinguish the light, and if he continues to do this about once a day, say at bedtime, and at all times when he makes an effort to speak to 'blow' his words out slowly, he will find it beneficial to his speech. I know of people who have cured themselves in this way, and who show no signs of stam- mering." In support of strong exhalation the words of Bangs- ley are sometimes cited that "there has been at least one frightful stammerer ere now who spoke perfectly plainly as long as he was in the saddle." The fact is also adduced that Satyrus required Demosthenes to declaim while walking uphill. Neither argument is very convincing. Apparently the forceful expiration is intended to offset throat-contraction and the various "spasms"; and presumably the restrained expiration is intended to counteract the habit of exhausting the breath immediately before or during speech. It seems reasonable for one to believe that either of these expedients might prove valuable in particular cases for removing specific faults of utterance; but it seems equally reasonable to believe that these ex- pedients,' if applied indiscriminately, would be more likely to engender faults than to remove them.