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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

40         SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING

decidedly of this indefinite type; but they are found
in most institutions for the treatment of stammering,
and must therefore be recorded.

We quote first the following general directions for vo-
cal exercises, which are taken from two different sources:

"These [vocal gymnastics] are joined to the respiratory
gymnastics. As soon as the stutterer becomes somewhat
fatigued by the lung gymnastics, and after he has rested a
few minutes, he proceeds to the vocal exercises. These are
also to be taken in the same bodily position as the respiratory
gymnastics. After a long, deep inspiration the stutterer forms
the vowels with a full chest-voice, prolonging the sound as
much as he can without special effort. This so-called vocal-
ization should be executed with the greatest exactness, observ-
ing the following rules:

"Begin the vowel immediately after the inspiration, and
prolong it as long as the air lasts. During the vocalization the
strength of the tone should remain the same; it should not be
begun strong and then grow weaker. Care must also be taken
that the voice does not tremble, and that there is no cessation
of sound, while the pitch of tone should be the natural one of
the individual. The tone or vowel should not be screamed out,
as this would produce hoarseness and fatigue, and would cause
the stutterer to form the habit of an unnatural way of talking. In
the beginning of these exercises the prolongation of the vowel is
usually from 10 to 15 seconds, but, with increased respiratory
power, the stutterer is able to prolong it 20 to 30 seconds with-
out fatigue. All of the vowels are to be practised in a similar
manner.

" The vocal gymnastics should be interrupted by short rests,
and should be continued daily throughout the entire course. In
order to avoid fatigue, it is recommended to take a middle