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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

44       SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING

stress," of "tremor," "swell and stop," and of such
practices as " swelling " and " dilating " sound, etc.

Vocal exercises are often taught from charts. They
may then become exceedingly complex. We repro-
duce below, for illustration, four charts taken from
four different sources, with the symbols in each
case transformed to those of a common system.
The inspiration sign is that already employed (V).
A dotted line indicates whispered utterance, a solid
line continuous voice. Pauses are momentary unless
the length of the pause is indicated in seconds by
figures in parentheses.

V     .
	CHART I1
 h
	

V    
	h
	a,

V
	a
	

V
	a                  V
	a

W.

a

1 Vowels are frequently placed at the extreme left of a line to
show that vocalization begins immediately upon exhalation. The
refinement is here disregarded.