VOCALIZATION AND VOWEL-PRODUCTION 53 several weeks at the beginning of the course of train- ing. Occasionally the practice and application of the drawl is the entire system of a stammering-school. — There is practically nothing that can be said in favor of the expedient. In contrast to the above measure we have one that consists in using the entire range of the voice (" giv- ing the voice full play," etc.). Inflection is here the remedy for the defect instead of the cause of it. In reality, of course, it is neither. A measure often advocated to counteract closure of the glottis and failure of the voice is maintaining vocalization throughout the sentence. The idea is that the stammerer's difficulty lies in starting voice, and that with the voice once started he has only to "keep it going" in order to avoid stammering. Ac- cordingly the stammerer is admonished to "'Keep on the voice/' to "Keep the voice pouring," to "Maintain continuity of sound," etc. As a matter of fact, vocalization is interrupted at every surd consonant, and "continuity of voice" is a myth. Nevertheless, the endeavor to maintain continuity seems to be extremely salutary, and the measure in question is one of the most efficacious to be found among elocutionary resources.1 The ex- planation for this fact is undoubtedly that continuity of speech involves continuity of thought; and that 1 The measure is nearly a century old.