56 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING The direct attack (under such sobriquets as "voice- accumulation,^ " shock of the glottis," etc.) is at times advocated as a sort of general remedy for stammering. It is usually a general aggravant — at least of the physical manifestations of the defect. Two diabolical strategems are occasionally recom- mended to the stammerer for opening the trouble- some glottis. One consists in inhaling before every word in the sentence, and the other consists in throw- ing back the head with every word that occasions diffi- culty. Comment on these measures is unnecessary.