98 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING
consisting of exercises from a large number of stam-
One of the simplest word-exercises consists in
"physiological spelling" or "word synthesis." This
exercise is sometimes cautiously employed in making
the transition from articulatory exercises to mono-
syllabic reading. The exercise consists in dismember-
ing words — usually monosyllables — into their com-
ponent physiological consonants and vowels, and
pronouncing these elements with a distinct pause
between them. The pauses are gradually lessened,
and finally omitted — when the word of course
stands complete. The exercises may be diagrammed
as on the preceding page.1
The next exercise to be considered is one that
affords practice on simple words introducing dif-
ferent combinations of consonants and vowels.
The exercise is prescribed for various purposes —
for affording practice on difficult consonants, prac-
tice in maintaining continuity of voice, practice in
respiration, or just practice. The following charts
will illustrate the procedure:2
1 Symbols as in the vocal and articulatory exercises. Dotted lines
appear beneath'surd consonants, since these cannot be vocalized.
The length of the pauses between the speech-elements is proportional
to the spaces between the lines.
2 Symbols as formerly employed.