102 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING reading-exercises; though reading and speaking usu- ally alternate in actual practice, both groups of exercises being arranged in progressive series. READING-EXERCISES Reading usually begins with simple sentences, which are generally of a hortatory nature. In class- practice the pupils frequently read the sentence first in unison, and then by turns. In some institutions the pupils read in concert for several days or weeks before they begin to read individually. We give below, a number of "sentences for reading7' from the repertoires of an English and an American stammer- ing-school : "Every one is the architect of his own fortune." "Heaven never helps the men who will not act." "Too low they build who build beneath the stars." "I am sure, care's an enemy to life." "The cautious seldom err." "Never leave that till to-morrow which you can do to-day." "Every one is the son of his own works." "In this world a man must either be anvil or hammer." "He who has lost confidence can lose nothing more." " Courage in danger is half the battle." "Doubt indulged soon becomes doubt realized." "Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm," "Wisely, and slow; they stumble, that run fast." " He only is a well-made man who has a good determination." Etc., etc.