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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

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tke of creating artificial difficulties for the student by
interrupting him, requesting him to repeat, and so
on, is certainly a sensible procedure* Usually the
student does not encounter such difficulties till the
course of training is complete, and with these diffi-
culties he is wont to encounter the customary relapse*
 Intercourse with strangers should certainly occur
during* rather than after, the course of speech-train-
ing. "Stranger-practice** is undoubtedly a valuable
feature in any curriculum*

The usual generalizations can be applied to most
of the verbal exercises, They probably intensify the
pupil's acoustic imagery to some extent while he is
practising them for several hours a day, Further,
the pupil's confidence in the exercises temporarily
absolves Hm from fear, bewilderment, and inhibitive

We come now to the consideration of special modes
of utterance intended to mitigate or obviate fttammer-

ing^ and to the exercises on which these modes of
utterance are practised.

We shall consider first the expedient of omitting
or reducing initial consonants. More than a hun-
dred years ago Erasmus Darwin observed1 that
stammering generally took the form of a *f broken
association" between the initial consonant and the
1 "&x>nomiii; or the LAW* of Organic Lift*/1 Loadtm* iloo.