MODES OF ENUNCIATION, ETC. 131 simply to give the cake its particular form,1 After I have let the stammerers wonder a moment, I explain the analogy and continue: *As with the cake, so with human speech; for speech also consists of two things — dough, which is sound or voice, and the mould, corresponding to the letters, '** Speech is made audible only through sound; but it may be heard if the sound or voice is produced only softly, or is even whispered. Now again—only the voice is the speech; letters are made audible only through sound: without sound they cannot be produced, they arc merely the mould for the dough. *** But where is the sound, the voice, the audible word, to be produced ? In the throat 1 Not with the lips i * etc. If a pupil should wish to inquire, 'How, or with what organs, is the voice, or the sound, produced/ I should answer Mm, 1 You do not need to know that in order to be cured of your impediment.*" Concerning his discoveries, the author writes: "Till now 1 had thought in a wrong and harmful manner; I had thought of let tern -** consonants and vowels — that is, of mouth-pohitions, which cannot be spoken without voice* Now I must think in a proper and healthful manner; I must entirely disregard letters, and must attend to the voice, as I cb in singing, m that the voice may not go out, , . „ "Speech Is sound. Stammering is unconsciously endeavor- ing to speak without voice or souad. The stammerer speaks wrongly because in his fear he thinks wrongly —- and therefore misuses his sfwech-organs, " He must not think of letters; he must think only of voice/* "We have had many laws of $jx.»ech, hut they have availed nothing* for there is only ont? law to follow, namely: * Produce sound voluntarily; but letters, consonants as well as vowels, involuntarily/ "