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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

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" When the lips are pulled back for every word or syllable in
a long word, and pushed out, in a short time the tongue comes
back and goes forward, and the diaphragm and the breath work
in harmony. The mind and those muscles and movements will
become coSrdinated, confidence gained, nervousness and spas-
modic action of the muscles governed and corrected."

And here we have the other side of the question:

" The lips should move only vertically in articulation; any
lateral or horizontal motion is a blemish as well as an inter-
ference with the expressive power of the lips. Every modifica-
tion of a vowel sound may be perfectly made within the mouth,
aided by the mere diminution or enlargement of the labial
aperture. But this does not require any looseness or projec-
tion,,  far less circular pursing of the lips."

Another writer recommends keeping the lips well

" He [the stammerer] must separate his lips or teeth at the
very instant they touch; and their resting place must be at
some distance apart."

To which another writer responds:

" Let the patient effectually conquer the bad habit which
prevails so largely among those who stutter or stammer (I
really think my own experience warrants me in saying in ninety-
nine out of every hundred stammerers) of keeping the lips apart
and the mouth open. Nothing can be worse in every way than
this lad habit, either as regards the power of clear articulation
and fluent speech, the proper condition of the lungs, or the
vacant expression which it gives the countenance. I always
tell all stammering pupils frankly, if I see they have this vile
habit, that I can do very little, if anything, toward removing