142 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING Of hope, that kid and bloom with fra-grance rare, And cheei life's #ath where'er they can," etc., etc. ' In the next exercise the stammerer practises opening the mouth. To direct him, the continuous consonants are printed in italics: " ' Fo-/unteers wanted! Who's /irst, I say, to answer the, Na- tion's call — To de-/end the f-fag on fo-reign seas with sword and can-won ball — To c-rush with wight a foe-man c-niel and avenge our noble Mame — To f-fee a people long enslaved, and rend their bonds in t-wain ?' TAus spake an of-/i-cer of the Guard, his w-sage /inn and g-rave, His quiet wien and steady eye bespoke him t-fue and b-fave." In the following exercise the pupil lowers the pitch at the italicized vowels: " ' The boneless tongue, so small and weak, Can crush and kill,' declared the Greek. " ' The tongue destroys a greater Aorde/ The Turk asserts, ' than does the sword.' " The Persian proverb wisely saith; ' A lengthy tongue — an early death.' " These three exercises may be combined — in which case diacritics are employed to show the pupil just which measure to resort to. An oblique line descend- ing from left to right (\) prescribes light, articulation.