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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

148      SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING

thought. In normal speech, however, one does not
"pronounce the words separately" any more than he
pronounces the individual syllables of a word sepa-
rately; hence it is eyident that no benefit is derived
from eliminating " dividing pauses."—The procedure
of deliberately transposing initial consonants has little
to recommend it. When one is concerned with trans-
position rather than with continuity, he neglects the
essential feature. Often transposition occurs and
continuity is lost. Speech then becomes unintelli-
gible even if physical stammering does not supervene.

Another remedy for stammering is proposed in pho-
netic syllabication, a measure practically the antithesis
j |                    of that just described.   Each syllable within a word

must commence with a consonant whenever this is
physically possible:

" Spoken syllables are not the same as written syllables.
The latter are divisions to the eye, to show the etymology of
words; the former are divisions to the ear, and are governed
solely by the sound. Every syllable — even in the quickest
utterance — should have a SEPARATE IMPULSE OF
VOICE. But practically a large proportion of impulses are
lost through vocal mismanagement.

"The elements which make up syllables are vowels and con-
sonants. Vowels require an OPEN CHANNEL in the mouth;
and consonants require a more or less complete CLOSURE of
some parts of the mouth. Now, herein lies the grand prin-
ciple of syllabic articulation. The direction of organic action
ought in all cases to be FROM CLOSE TO OPEN; that is,