150 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING but divided phonetically, they yield the syllables ba-ker, ea-ting, stri-king, ow-ner, ru-ler. . . . "The faulty action of the mouth — in moving from open to close positions — is strikingly illustrated in Stuttering and Stammering. The voice, in these cases, is choked in the throat, or emitted in discontinuous jerks, and the mouth is CONSO- NANT-CLOGGED. In my long experience with defects of this kind, the true principle of oral action has invariably worked like a charm. In many instances the impediment has wholly disappeared after the first lesson. Only the nervous dread of habitual difficulty can prevent immediate relief when once the stutterer has practically learned the simple law of phonetic syllabication: — to articulate from close to open positions." l The mode of enunciation here recommended un- doubtedly conduces to comprehensibility of speech, and should be observed at least by public speakers. It is by no means patent, however, in what manner stammering is to be affected by the procedure en- joined. Stammering usually occurs at the initial syllable; whereas phonetic syllabication begins at the second syllable. If the measure in question ever mitigates stammering, it undoubtedly does so by inspiring confidence, eliminating multiple thought, and focussing attention on the verbal imagery. Na- turally one would expect any benefit derived to be purely temporary. 1 This writer does not suggest, of course, that a word commenc- ing with a vowel should have prefixed to it the final consonant of the word preceding. Phonetic syllabication is to be applied to the syllables within a word.