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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

MODES OF ENUNCIATION, ETC.           169

marked, or, at any rate, is capable of being well marked, and
those are just the pieces which should be given to patients who
suffer from defects of speech. A good plan of insisting on the
rhythm being well marked, is to time the reading with the ordi-
nary metronome used by musicians. Eighty-four is a good
time for such a piece as Hood's 'Lay of the Laborer/ and for
his 'Eugene Aram.' This would be a 3-time in music. I
should not advise the use of the metronome in teaching elocu-
tion, as it would tend to make a reader monotonous, but the
stammerer requires extra stimulus to regulate and render
rhythmical his mode of speech.

"Eighty-four is a good time for stammerers to begin reading
poetry by, and then by degrees they can advance to 104 or
112. When a stammerer can read poetry with comfort and
evenness, then let him be promoted to the dignified difficulties
of prose, and in his prose readings let him not forget the lessons
taught him by the metronome, though in reading prose this
judicious little tick-tack would be out of place entirely." V

The following is by a German writer:

"When a stutterer comes to me for treatment, I explain in a
few words the nature of stuttering, and follow with respiratory
gymnastics, giving the reasons why the breath should be man-
aged in this and not in any other way. My next effort is to
teach him how to speak. All the pupils then open a child's
book (Schultz and Steinmann, part 3) to a story which is easy
to understand and remember. This is read in concert, the
measure being indicated by Maelzel's metronome, which is
usually set at 108,  that is, it beats 108 times in a minute.
In severe cases I may begin with 60 beats. To every beat a

1 With poetry, the rhythm to be followed is often indicated by
accent-marks placed above the syllables.