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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

MODES OF ENUNCIATION, ETC          179

Many years ago Dr. Graves recommended an
empirical measure, which Is, unfortunately, encoun-
tered even at the present day. Respecting the ex-
pedient he says:1

"I have recently discovered a method by which the most
Inveterate stutterer may be enabled to obtain utterance for his
words with tolerable fluency. It Is simply by compelling him
to direct his attention to some object, m as to remove it from
the effort he makes to speak. Thus, I direct him to hold a rale
or a bit of stick in his right hand, and with it to strike the fore-
finger of the left, in regular lime with the words [apparently not
the syllables) he is uttering; the eye must be fixed, and all the
attention directed to the finger he IH striking, and the time
must be strictly kept. This method I have tried in several
instances with complete success, and Dr. Ncligan informs me
that, since I first mentioned it to him, he has found it com-
pletely effectual in numerous cases* Although, of course, when
thus employed, this plan can only be regarded m a means of
affording temporary relief, I have no doubt, that if it were per-
severingly followed out with young persons who stammer, both
in reading and speaking, it would cure them permanently of
the unpleasant affection,**

The employment of gestures and minor bodily
movements h usually prescribed an a means of divert-
ing tilt stammerer's attention from his impediment.
But one writer, Dr. Findley, has recommended gestic-
ulation for another purpose. The following citation
presents his theory;2

*" Clinical  Lectures,'1 edited by  Dr, Ndlgan;   London, 1848,
Quoted by Hunt, "Stammering and Stuttering," 7th eel, p* 159.
* "Summering," Tke Voles, Vol. VII, pp. 73-74.