j MODES OF ENUNCIATION, ETC 183
j a universal and unfailing remedy for stammering.
; Gesture, per &, however, has nothing to con-
Concerning the various automatisms — fumbling
\ buttons, jingling watch-chains, and so on •— it is in-
teresting to note that the average teacher of stam-
merers endeavors to suppress them rather than foster
i "If the pupil has a tendency to rock his foot or twiddle his
fingers, I try to arouse his of manhood and self-mastery
;' to the cessation of such actions."
The cultivation of automatisms is certainly futile.
i The arguments are made for them as for ges-
ture, and (assuming the arguments to be conceded)
gesture is unquestionably to be preferred. But while
it is futile to foster automatisms, it does not neces-
; sarily follow that there is justification for their de-
t liberate repression. Automatisms in mature persons
; are usually indicative of a nervous condition, but
this condition is not removed by enlisting brute-will
to 'inhibit symptomatic reactions.
•| We shall consider now an expedient of some his-
"" torical interest* This is the -so-called'i Leigh method,"
which was a canard nearly a century ago. The method
consists in keeping the point of the tongue in contact
! with, or near, the palate during speech.
The exact origin of the method is a little obscure. —