204 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING At times he is even discouraging. He mentions a "Helpless Class/5 which seems to be a sort of skeleton in the closet. He says, too, in reference to the cure, that "it is vulgar and contemptible, to be asking, 'How much time will it take?'" But elsewhere he tells us that to effect a cure the Method takes "hours . . . days, weeks, months or years, according to the degree of responsiveness of the organs and the degree of attention given to it." Year si Now we are com- ing to it. The number of years is undoubtedly directly dependent upon the pupil's longevity. We need scarcely comment upon the efficacy of the "high carriage" and the "ta-tap" as remedies fof hare-lip and dumbness. Here we may be dealing with k joker. And perhaps the whole thing is nothing but &jeu d'esprit, a culminating hoax in celebration of the centenary of the Leigh method. But if we fail to see the point, we may at least feel relieved when the author admits that he has "embalmed" the Method in his pages. We turn now from one of the poorest expedients ever introduced into the therapy of stammering to one that is undoubtedly among the best. This measure, which is effective chiefly as a preventive of physical stam- mering, is physical relaxation and suppression of physical effort. This particular remedy is em- bodied in practically every system of treatment that possesses merit.