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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

2o8      SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING

movements; i.e. with the motor word-centre. As with the
child, so with the adult. It is not at all necessary to suppose
that sound finds any other path to the speech-organs than that
opened to it by the physical well-being. With the adult, pleas-
ure and mood stand in the same definite relation to interest in
speech as they do with the child. When we feel contented and
at ease, we start chattering at the least occasion. But if we
feel depressed, even a real interest in a subject will elicit noth-
ing but a few scanty monosyllables.1 . . .

"An unbroken stream of words seems to depend simply
and solely upon the existence of the corresponding thought
and a sufficiently strong feeling of physical ease. When
the well-being is great enough, we have only to think the
train of thought, and the motor apparatus reproduces it
automatically almost before we are fully aware of what has
taken place."2

Our author then goes on to explain the manner in
which fear and physical discomfort (Uribehagen)
come to replace physical ease (Behagen) in the
stammerer. This is the direct effect of the stam-
merer's inability to speak. Dr. Sandow supposes
that the speech-disturbances are due to injury to the
speech-nerves and to impairment of the motor speech-
centre of the brain. He supposes that these condi-
tions are aggravated by the stammering, and that
the stammering thus prevents reparation of the phy-
sical injury. Concerning the remedy for these con-
ditions, he says:

1 "Mechamk des Stottems," pp. 17-18.

2 Loc. cit., p. 19.