IN reviewing psychological methods of treating
stammering, we shall consider first the various minor
and miscellaneous expedients that occupy accessorial
positions in the conventional "elocutionary" systems.
Afterward, we shall examine the more conspicuous
measures that are frequently employed as systems in
A century-old accessory that still remains popular
is the period of silence at the beginning of treatment.
The most familiar argument in support of the silence-
period is that it permits a disintegration of the old
"habit" while a new one is being formed.1 Other
arguments are that silence affords rest to "over-
wrought nerves," that it has a beneficial psycho-
logical effect, and so on. — It is somewhat difficult to
say whether or not the silence-period is really salu-
tary ; for when this period terminates, the pupil
usually resorts to unnatural speech — sing-songing,
1 "Silence" usually means refraining from conversation. The
pupils commonly practise exercises during this period.