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PSYCHOLOGICAL METHODS                 237

much as covers the surface of the statue therein contained.'
Quite similarly, gentlemen, the suggestive technique acts per
tia di porre, it does not concern itself about the origin, force,
and significance of the morbid symptoms, but puts on some-
thing, to wit, the suggestion which it expects will be strong
enough to prevent the pathogenic idea from expression. On the
other hand the analytic therapy does not wish to put on any-
thing, or introduce anything new, but to take away, and
extract, and for this purpose it concerns itself with the genesis
of the morbid symptoms, and the psychic connection of the
pathogenic idea, the removal of which is its aim." 1

Concerning the genesis of the morbid symptoms,
Freud says:

"Almost all the symptoms originated ... as remnants, as
precipitates, if you like, of affectively-toned experiences,

which for that reason we later called  'psychic traumata.'

The nature of the symptoms became clear through their rela-
tion to the scene which caused them. They were, to use the
technical term, * determined' (d^terminiert) by the scene whose
memory traces they embodied, and so could no longer be
described as arbitrary or enigmatical functions of the
neurosis. . . .*

"We are forced to the conclusion that the patient fell ill
because the emotion developed in the pathogenic situation was
prevented from escaping normally, and the essence of the sick-
ness lies in the fact that these 'imprisoned* (dingeUemmt)

*" Selected  Papers  on Hysteria and  other Psychorxeuroses,"

Freud (translated by Brill), pp. 177-178.

* Freud in "Lectures and Addresses delivered before the Depart-
ments of Psychology and Pedagogy in Celebration of the Twentieth
Anniversary of the Opening of Clark University," p. 5,