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Full text of "Stamering And Cognate Defects Of Speech Vol - Ii"

PSYCHOLOGICAL METHODS               239

a clicking of the tongue with every excitement.  A highly
intelligent man is assisting the surgeons in stretching his
brother's ankylosed hip. The patient is anaesthetized, and as
the joint yields with a cracking sound, the man feels severe
pain in his own hip, which symptom then continues for nearly
a year; etc." l

But usually there is complete "hysterical conver-
sion," and the morbid symptoms bear no overt rela-
tion to the emotion or thought "repressed." (Hence,
of course, the need for psychoanalysis.)

"If the original emotion has discharged itself not in the nor-
mal, but in an ''abnormal reflex,1 then it is the latter reflex that

is induced by recollection of the incident. The excitation pro-
duced by the affectively-colored recollection is * converted"

into a corporeal phenomenon,

"If this abnormal reflex has become habitual through fre-
quent repetition; then, it seems, the efficacy of the exciting
recollection may be exhausted to the point where the emotion
is reduced to a minimum or altogether disappears. The
1 hysterical conversion* is then complete* The mental repre-
sentation (Vorstellung), having lost its psychic effect, is now
overlooked by the individual; or its appearance in memory is
$t once forgotten, as is the case with images that are not af-
fectively colored,"a

As examples of "abnormal reflexes" Breuer cites

one's pacing the floor instead of groaning when he is

suffering from toothache; and one's grasping the
arms or back of a dentist's chair instead of screaming

1 Breuer and Freud, "Studien tiber Hysteric," pp. 2-3.

s Breuer, in Breuer and Freud's "Studien tlber Hysteria," p* 180.