\ 262 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING ff i I l | I Never direct the expiratory pressure upon the consonant, |! j but always upon the vowel. I ! Take the vowel-position promptly. [ j Do not waste the breath before speaking; but commence \ \ promptly. I | Speak with plenty of breath, and speak in a low voice.1 Exercises: \ \ Gymnastic exercises. j ! Respiratory exercises. * j Vocal exercises. J | Articulatory exercises. j I Speaking before a mirror. } Reading; reciting; completing sentences; replying to | questions; relating anecdotes; reading dialogue; etc. i I /. A Representative Danish System | J Speak slowly — as slowly as possible at the beginning of j treatment. j Avoid flurry and excitement. j Listen quietly when addressed; reflect, then reply — quietly I and with composure. Prolong the vowel of the initial syllable. < Respire strongly; regard the mouth as merely an air pas- sage. Repress useless movements of the head, shoulders, feet, etc. I Do not lay stress upon the consonant; do not separate it i from the vowel. 1 Begin the vowel gently — without effort. Open the mouth before speaking. 1A " low voice" and a " moderately loud voice " seem incompatible. i The rules given above are, however, quoted or abbreviated from j printed instructions.