\ 262 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING
| I Never direct the expiratory pressure upon the consonant,
|! j but always upon the vowel.
I ! Take the vowel-position promptly.
[ j Do not waste the breath before speaking; but commence
\ \ promptly.
I | Speak with plenty of breath, and speak in a low voice.1
\ \ Gymnastic exercises.
j ! Respiratory exercises. *
j Vocal exercises.
J | Articulatory exercises.
j I Speaking before a mirror.
} Reading; reciting; completing sentences; replying to
| questions; relating anecdotes; reading dialogue; etc.
I /. A Representative Danish System
| J Speak slowly — as slowly as possible at the beginning of
j Avoid flurry and excitement.
j Listen quietly when addressed; reflect, then reply — quietly
I and with composure.
Prolong the vowel of the initial syllable.
< Respire strongly; regard the mouth as merely an air pas-
Repress useless movements of the head, shoulders, feet, etc.
I Do not lay stress upon the consonant; do not separate it
i from the vowel.
1 Begin the vowel gently — without effort.
Open the mouth before speaking.
1A " low voice" and a " moderately loud voice " seem incompatible.
i The rules given above are, however, quoted or abbreviated from
j printed instructions.