" STAMMERING-SCHOOLS " 267
they leave the institution. These pupils almost in-
variably relapse when the vocal exercises, etc. (which
probably intensify the auditory imagery), are prac-
tised less frequently or discontinued. The relapse
is usually ascribed by the principals of these schools
to "carelessness/' But the writer could name four
principals that have themselves relapsed; thus it
might be better to find another argument.
The facts are that these various speech-institutions
usually treat nothing but physical stammering. By
removing this excrescence they often effect a spec-
tacular improvement; but they seldom accomplish a
cure. In this connection the words of Kingsley are
41 You can cure yourself, or all but cure yourself1 in three
months ,,. if you will think over, and practise, what follows."2
The "all but" is significant; and Kingsley ad-
vises his correspondent to "keep up reading aloud,'for
months to come, or even for years."
Bell advises the stammerer to "work on hopefully,
even though, for a time, he should seem to be ' hoping
Wyneken, the reader will remember, spent two and
1 Italics not In the original
a "Charles Kingsley: his Letters and Memories of Ms Life/' Vol.
II, p. 260,
* Alexander Melville Bell, "Principles of Speech/* 5th ed, p. 240.