" STAMMERING-SCHOOLS " 267 they leave the institution. These pupils almost in- variably relapse when the vocal exercises, etc. (which probably intensify the auditory imagery), are prac- tised less frequently or discontinued. The relapse is usually ascribed by the principals of these schools to "carelessness/' But the writer could name four principals that have themselves relapsed; thus it might be better to find another argument. The facts are that these various speech-institutions usually treat nothing but physical stammering. By removing this excrescence they often effect a spec- tacular improvement; but they seldom accomplish a cure. In this connection the words of Kingsley are significant: 41 You can cure yourself, or all but cure yourself1 in three months ,,. if you will think over, and practise, what follows."2 The "all but" is significant; and Kingsley ad- vises his correspondent to "keep up reading aloud,'for months to come, or even for years." Bell advises the stammerer to "work on hopefully, even though, for a time, he should seem to be ' hoping against hope.7"B Wyneken, the reader will remember, spent two and 1 Italics not In the original a "Charles Kingsley: his Letters and Memories of Ms Life/' Vol. II, p. 260, * Alexander Melville Bell, "Principles of Speech/* 5th ed, p. 240.