" STAMMERING-SCHOOLS " 277 And now one may well inquire: How is it that "speech specialists" are able to produce cogent and convincing testimonials ? — The answer to this ques- tion must be somewhat protracted. In the first place, most schools display a collection of testimonials from non-stammerers — people that are absolutely ignorant of the subject on which they write, and know virtually nothing of the institutions they indorse. The writer has never known of a worthless institu- tion that was not recommended by a body of bishops, colonels, mayors, postmasters, doctors, and men that are usually credited with intelligence. — The clergy are inveterate recoinmenders: it seems to be a singularly painful thing for a minister of religion to refuse a recommendation to a well-disposed professor that has recounted the great good he is able to accom- plish. In America, recommendations from mayors, ex- mayors, and merchants are often obtained through **Commercial Associations," "Boosters' Clubs," and organizations for mutual support among rotten con-, cams that cannot exist on merit. Newspaper puffs in the local press (when not paid for) are usually in- serted in the interests of "a greater Mudville*" Thus we have numerous persons with the recom- mending habit indorsing institutions that they know nothing about.