278 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING It is a signal fact that Alexander Melville Bell has written a glowing testimonial for a stammering- school whose method he condemns as the resort of charlatans.1 No one would doubt the good faith of the distinguished phoneticist; but it is evident that if he could be deceived as to the methods and merits of an institution, the opinion of the average uninitiated person must be absolutely worthless. The non-stammerer, even if he makes the most careful inquiries, is usually misled by the amelioration of stammering under the various systems of training. The amelioration, however, is nothing more than the temporary disappearance of physical stammering; and it does not constitute even the beginning of a radical cure. But the untrained mind is impressed by the overt and the spectacular; and in the case of stammering it is affected by things foreign to its illations. But even trained observers are often deceived where stammering is concerned. It is interesting, to note that the worthless "Bates' Appliances" were awarded the First Premium and the Scott Legacy Premium by the Franklin Institute. These same trinkets 1 The school indorsed employs the time-beating method, concern- ing which Bell says ("Faults of Speech," 5th ed., p. 12): "The stammerer's difficulty is: where to turn for effective assistance. Certainly not . . . to any whose'system' involves drawling, singing, sniffling, whistling, stamping, beating time — all of which expedients have constituted the 'curative' means of various charlatans!"