"SJ y, 286 SYSTEMS OF TREATING STAMMERING The same author informs us that the jellyfish is the lowest form of animal life. He also supplies the information that the false vocal cords are devoid of function. Another interesting writer conveys the information that — "A man cannot open and shut the glottis, as he does Ms mouth, by a voluntary effort." Another ignoramus says: "You do not find stammerers amongst savage and negro races. Another curious fact — feminine stammerers far ex- ceed masculine ones." This writer also declares that stammering is a " nervous functional distemper " similar to biting the nails. Numerous writers enter the ethnological field and tell us that among the Chinese, stammering does not exist. — But these "specialists" are always most interesting when they confine themselves to their major subject and tell us how they discovered "in- tercostal breathing," or how they vocalize "sqwre inches of breath" by controlling the "apreture1 of the glottis." The reader can then discern with what type of person he is dealing. He will not be surprised at a "professor's" deficiency in knowledge, for the 1 One of the "World's Greatest" always talks of the "a^reture"; the word "aperture" does not occur in Ms vocabulary.