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Full text of "Suffering of Being Kafka (HEBREW) - Excerpt"

Sam Vaknin 
Back to Table of Contents 

Download Free Anthologies 

Poetry of Healing and Abuse 

Journal of a Narcissist 

Malignant Self Love Narcissism Revisited 

After the Rain How the West Lost the East 

A World in Conflict and Transition 

saysPhilosophical Musings and Es 

*in>n .1 

b\y o-oi-pm ntnoQ » ,y^0Nn ono»\y nrpp : na*w nwn ^m^\y pjn pima 

ih<wiq obit? n^n .nmn pnb p">n Tiaow Tp pN fJiiovvy hvpi .n»n bnn 

mt?3D3\y ow nNn .obanb p>tm ,p»rran vm ,nbnnn n^n in\y>Q\y 

pmn nnm .no^n bv ^bn ,bm pm nowob nnna pnoQw bbnn m^vi 

nvonn tin nrvion nQ*wn jiwi .tpwap t>v ownon ,b"m pN pvw mn 

iiNifr p-onnb inp tpww .mpi mwv wwi wan .iosv imn kid ,bnt> kid .ib\y 

.nnnvb 

.mop t> <pn ,">\yipn "oqq tnw mwoi pvvn pinna ">nw n^n wn 

-omn o>nta mnn "o^n .rvn ^n ,nr>nN ,nnw ran <^to\y ,-dv ">tn tvi 

,om onmv o-ovi^ OH*?"* .o^o-oq mum ,-nrw ^v mnpn p-nona oiqin 

bv o">n">D\yQ on .m'O'Don b\y i\yyn iron b\y won ti'wuq t> o">\r>\yin 

m">oi\nftt? nt^nn ,onb\y mpipnn tin ">p-iion nw^n b\y mpirwn mo^non 

.omrn ">33v pi mpm\y 

mirtn nnN bn onnb pu onb \m*T3 .mna mvora i\n tvi oobin o^vm 

to">'} ">t>3Don o">vmb obiD .">\yp -iy">\yn ,mvip\y ,m-nr>n onb\y o^pvd .rnnN 

^Jton ^vo nto .iniri msiDn mtraDi \yo\yn\y m^mm owbuia in ,oniu 

^mpt?" : o">\ypn nPip .mn b\y nPi*n nvnoa onribwo o^dit ,o">pi\y>n 

.'"a r> pn->v ,minNb o->nm 



.^\y mm \\sbvb ^nov ,mn ovpon ,ind 

Ji>pbu'N pi nNbDn .om\y rniiwn roonon no\yn tin yiowb bm on 

,rnrino b\y now ,rtoo Ninwo inv ttipow -vnnn ,bnono pvrpi .movP 

nown t> ov own -iivnoi "otny otion vn noun .*i\yp n-i">\yp b\y Nb bnN 

.ntnp nmo Nb ovo ^n on ^in ,tnpn tin ^rpnn Nb 

»n^03 nnN hivn vtp oni nnN ">o vtv on» 

on ,\o-iovni onriN ^ \y> ,nnoPm jpqijq on .tnvoi 'jiw o->vnn Nb m 

.bvn ^ov yuvvn nmD 

.(voivy on) vowri" - (tid i\yv» b\y iod ,>Jirvb /n:n top) now Nin - »vo\yn» 
- H *vnt>n Nin w ,">rmn Nb - ».Npop b\y *p nro rtonn ,(ovn npo Nin) *vyi 
no inwo in ,*T!r>m *vyn ,on\yy p rpnyyo pop iro Nin vision ,Npop ^id» 



."tin t>d iro .tnvyv p w mn nid" - tiodio otion - »*vym i^r\» 

.-ft ioin onw no m .n*03» - P\y bipn mvby mvn ,">mN ip'oi - "tin n>' 
."ow-in ,v\yDV" - mvtonnn npnow mN iod vow ,o\jo:no Nin - ».n^03 

b\y nbnnnb nnno .<rn uv ^ n\r>vnoi mpHNi 0>\y nyon bD n\y-ioo N>n 

on ,o">nDiD n\y>on») ybn b\y nmrDi -vyn o\y tin ">nnnD ,nbiDO no^un 

Nb .ivyp nwip o\y onw P">nd inv ,mN-nn ">nbi">p\y nvnnn ^ vn .Cn^no 

pno Nin "o ">o ov mib noo-nn ^ rono Nb oj moo v>Ntn ">o tod ^ -inn 

.o^nv y\np\y bo^ p~i -mo nt7D-ioNii 

nnon moiowni n nmi n ^n^nn dn-ioi ^n^nn noinn riT\yn t>5 ^mov 

N">n .nnpnvi nnw nnom nonvi nmN n^n N">n\y tv ">b\y t>i nn">n 

■>mN Tnon n^i " > nv > Ti Nb\y ino\y y>i iu ,nv2 Nb tino inwo P">nd njninri 

.">">!7N nmN ">npn">n .no">">nt>n\y nn^n iwno idp 

."■mNN on" : rnoN pi*\ dovti tvtvh N">m nb ">rnoN - »wv£> n^n on" 



t^>n .II 

Nbioon doodd v^\d mnNO nonmpn inwo own ooiD-nn m^n Tpon 
o^novy riio^ ,no-i\yn nnb ,P\y iwbn .io">v tin oon Nb nid .">b\y td iddi 
-itiv ^mfi ^-ro-f ovo ho .o\m\yo ip iod dnij P\y non ^rioo tijoi .nipi 
.noDiN o ,o">b">o noDb wo o^ipv ]wv p^nbi nbnnnb ^ipdo ->n-ipni n 
ovn ^mponn on .hdiin nvw ">o£30 no-in Nbi mnPf rton o->v ">! ^V3 w pi 
,-pob riowio no-irinn nwi "oto> riTpi ,om^i nooi nbvo ,^n iw ,P\y 

.o->bn> o">onDi vi 11 nvno 



»n3flw mi iv : -yrvj Min »Npop b\y ton t ini" ,\ynN yip ,»*np>nn rnon" 

.tny np~in ^ -icrw nm rimco ibvy vi^nd ovoi ,»mN tiv = ib\y mnbi 

Ninvn »»)$> no mn ">m moiN mi dq ,iiiinQ nid no» = (mini) ">ni\yn 

tin impi i»ip»» ovq oonnn nm .jiitq rt>m dpi in yo*nn tin n mun 

mivn "on pivn im^b Nb\y ini nvriQ ">3N\y ">min .nwown bN tw o^an 

.rmapin oni rmivo nwbirw o->\wn \y> .o'am iwnq mm nmiv 

ton t ini \y> on rbwun .o"nt?Q ->\y>N "pi">t? ntr>vj3 p">ixr\ won ,Jim mi 

>in» ,rrom ">mm"> Nb o> .ft^wwiv nmn Nb irniN o^\yano\y o-nnN vy> oni 

in ,piiri imniQ ,nmipn vn mpmn b\y r>mmnvy ,jmwi» mrm ->n vnm 

■>m\ypvririQ vmb vn nmvyvvy niNsnnn ono Vftnwnw whnd pi^n immo 

.mN mnwn b\y pmn mra nman vm\y ">nii ntwvy nm bv mnwn mpb 

.naioon v*pn tin mNm ,n<pn ^Ji\yn 

odtiivq ibm - o^pomn jiiw mi omimn >Tpai - omimn ^mpa rw 

b\y nm\y> rimw nmn nn nrinnvy rwrt> bim .mntnn ">nm nrini >n warn 

omo b\y oman o^vo in (o->mipQ Nb tind r>n ,">b mi mn mi\y) "\yvo 

7\yQ ^\y pmn bvbvw mpon .(nvm- ^mim Nb ,omni in) ommi ^nm 

vi^ni t> rmnm no <piyi p\y i> mN man ,ib\y Nnb ^inD bN vm ,i*)jd:i 

.innN mm mio 

mivb ilia mn Nb) nmmo m>bpi ^ni mum nid - Jinma vit?a bva m^i 

,mmp \\nvn imm ,o»*yn>3 o->mmvy b\y miva JibTb iiqpi .0nN3p dn 

rwbflnn o^voia rniin .mnro od ^n ,jnnpo ^m v^q ,nQiov rniNnb pna 

opn ovinia o->\y3N .inwn nn mbpn ivwb ^nbiD^ .ddidi -nnvb ^b nn^m 

^m*T>\y mnNQ nnoo bN ohq vnt> ">t bv riQipiD ipin nvwn o^mo 

.nNbipopap ionq mnob in naivo bvy mnn^ mm ">viv?n 7\yonn .oni)n 

nvi ,JiinDoi nnvno ,m ib nown b\y noim nvnb ^nonavy \y>nin Nb on 

mn\y 111 pit»i\y iv inm -inp iind ovm nuiinn nbvoi .rinN naivn 

.o\y iv* bn bvyin \y\y>o j^pan b\y ivnu ^nNb ">n^N3 oni nobwio m^vyn 

owab iqvi na> Tpan .wbiiQ imt»n bN d^nqwi nPD"> m^in pan tin ">nii">N 

111 nNiQb i\y> nnaQ odd mNi n^qw iv ina^n ^p^ii \y\y>o Nin .mini 

.miwNin nbm dn nno 

nrn^i o->mv ^v rmmnw ">3\y vn "iini .t?3iN\y y>nnm nbin i^b iQva nid 

bv .piiNQ ^iap ^i^q ^|\ymi rn^pi vnp ,maN 111 onaiin niNon T dinh 

.o^naQn npii mnnNn ovai i\y>\y ">q iivb noonv; nman niov inbiwn 

wbpari irb .ii-iipqi ipnrnin viv^i nm,N bva ,^mnNO nbin dn p-io i^pon 

Nt?i bv nnrninb ^rnin^ ,^rt> .">i^oo ni^nnnvy ni~inn ">bi ">mwn n^n 

m>!>^ tin ^mp^ tr>0N pnQD mvi .inbwn bv ">nN^Q\y ovi pnwbi o^mQn 

bi dn .irtnwn i^b mvw no bN niaNo ">mpim o^ibn \y>nv mpQ iibnn 

\y11b ,iNib ">m,N bmnw mpan imb paia 0-101 ">nQb\yn nbNn mbivan 

.jiitq riQii vbv rn^ nmnw mm w na^m 



nvpn .III 



nwmnb im tin niivm maab >inrp»\y o^njon Ntm nvynm apjin Nin 
>ji*p2 .mn *nro ,Nton by i\y>\y pi pn n*v in\y» mn Nb P\y <p>,ri oin 
nmn ">nv"rbi rupm ">nw nv>:non mmwn na^nn n on ,iNm *mrvw pb 

.mvyannn b\y ">mP"> \pN ,n">nmn Nb poibnb 

.ion - "">nw mNp n\yp->i\y P mvi ">nnm o->oimnQ irw 

">3pN\y .nb">oNi m\y iinn ,piin nvw nnm .tny pnwon tin pn\yb ^nobnn 

.iw p'inrfr Pin on tnnm 

o> -on .p hi tv rom mrm Nb xbv nn">\yn» - ion - '»min mm Nb nv 

.»n?v\y mim iwpi mm Nb 

mm Nin\y : vnno ntm h n\y*in . . . Trvn wtw pri"\y *m ipo viw' 

.»nn mvi Npop b\y hin r> iro nnN \yonQ\y T>mn wtw 

bvi Tpfl mn Nin .miN mon Nb mi inubit? tin tjnq ->3N\y ">mN-i - »? pn» 

pjv -ri">N\y pa jntiq ">m">n inr> .nubit> it?mi in ,nubit>i ,v*m Tpon 

nmn H\y mnHwn P .^nmn 'wji nmn t>v wvQWvn .t> mt> h mn\y nm 

mom t?\y mtpjiim "imb iwon ,v^m t?\y nunm y\xn } t>v nmNi nmn 

.mwDPN mr> nun jib^to n»n m biN miN mwb ">nbp\y v>m P\y 

mv n » - ">n\ym - »nvib n»n w» ■. ovo vnn wm »m tin iHn ^nimp 

».mnpt> b\y nbN\y ont?Q 

.W^N 1J113 Nin 

by inwo viv inN bD» : Nim »? Npop b\y tun t> idd by mwQ viv nnN» 

: wi rmon .npapQ ">nbi nn nnwnn nm tv vy^in nid i^on biN - "inwo 

."->n m\y tvd n ,bDn mP^ .onno" 

»■>. rtoys\Tw t>v niN t iro bv onno -idq nnN" = ">n^nb 

Bb \y> .hpiq miv Bn^N" - ->Q\y-i iiui - »^hn ,onn ni~in bv o"ni~m» 

wiv^ o^^i^pab ,v*t ^"iivb ,o">N9"nb \y>\y ^ bv nbivn tpdn mi^inQ 

,13100 ,o">D">">\y\y - Bb\y nmpon tin ^iwnb 13b -nt?N\y pn Nb .o->N3in">vb 

Pip - 'nftt> 7~ii^ vn .nmpo 1P \y>\y \y>nDnbi ~i\yNb Bb -iipn - n^Hnb 

riD - i\r>n np^n on o> - piwpp oiab biD"> ^nw - riQmni oQiinn 

".o">Q">">p on on ,iPnd nmpQ 13b i-it?Q\y vtqd 

: nv3D3 m^nn b\y nunoi o^-p mm ->n\y ">nQin 

7D1N v3D\ybi mt?3b P n\y~in judd Nibm ,biN .">:itn ,vm obnm ,y>m ">3N" 

b\y ni3\yi£j ib^N in vtd ,nbPn ,Nbi m3\y-ia \ypiD ">3n .pp bun b\y iQt>pi 

in o">Q">">p nvrib o->">i\yv nrvwn ~\i^m) nnipoo *pTb v^n\y v~no 

^nvoai ^nQp .b^vi rnD^ ^mwnnn - >n nb^n ,nbPn fi nbPn .o^bN^^oia 

: T>pan b\y Bnbi\y ,in^p tvi ,r)bTn p pinri n^pQ 
o-iu ">t bv pv^m ,in ,">D\y-i ovod piNi U2HW iriwD b\y m3\y-ia \ypia w> 

-iv^nn ^iipib .in 1^ rnv^B w ">n\y mvi^N npm ,nioi^v o->">3">vi ivy> Tpan 

: 1QN1 

nmb Nb miNi Bb\y Tpao 7">3^iNb v^n\y vtd^ m3\y-ia 7b nnb ^nn ~i^i3" 

.">3dd ^Db nmri Nb in ddni inm 0^100 o^n^Qb tit>v oi\yo 7D1 mrp .">Q\y-i 

,nvQ\y\y ivio ddnw nm - nnv in nnN - m3\y-ia 7b v^n on o>\y nap Nb\y 

o^in\y Bn3N pini nn rrnpn pi ion3 on ,-idnw no bv imionb n^v n^n^ 

".npim npibnm. 
»? ">nv>o\y\y ~ioin ^nw no ">nvo\y\y id bv pbm nnN" 



on ,in .bbDi inwQ *iow\y p bv pbm ">3N» - Tpan vnri - »!Nb bbDi bbr>» 
md ,-noNn Tpon \y>rD"> ,bN\y>-> onw y»i\y» "on ,nQ">it?Q nT>bi\r>"o bv iiQwb 

».invyn *ioN\y ,r>pQ bD nw\y 

: tip p">nooD "bN im nid 

.-[Nbn nvnb ,nn ronon b\y Tps ,inNo \y~in dtin .-ohn ,oin m ub^D" 

OlpmW pi TDft "ON "O ON pJlVl nVWIIQ HW'TT 1W N31Q "ON ,">\y>N piNl 

•>i">bi y>N .invyn rprruwb ibMN ,hti^ nwrvnb n»i\yy N>n ni dtin uqqw 

tin nnpb >juroi ^bvy b">von tin "bv >n>uyn -iid - ''">b rmvb mt?a nnN" 

.rrrmon 

.D'niiN ">troDD Nb in o">\y>m Nb uroN\y nwinni indq N^n\y n*n Nb ">jn» 

.o^yna ow3 iimyo row "pm on»Ji» nnr>n dn diniw nn ronon 

.»TO*y by "IIQW : JIN* p~| 7^7 1Q1N 

Cm iinon nbinQ nyn m) »m by ^bn ,i»ip»» ^b\y m^on op nbNn o^m 

.nmnb nbin dn nnoi 
IVoqd .unman yit?o bN y^n ,nr»> inrom jivmd b:>i nusb tojiji on» 

".noto biyw ov nbna nbiro nrma = o\y -iid ~pv 



Jl>V)tt .IV 

b\y rmn ^r)iw .^inn pivon ~nNb *iinn nb^N y>i TU"on rpn ">mN iiwo\y dq 

mmns nvioo ^m o">bob\?Q ,o\m ">b">ym o->\wn nay "Mb -THn -nn 

n-oiob ">mnQn ">b\y nrmnn by iy\w .onnNii^ ~im ">o">y* o^pinoi nanob 

."tnopib jwom m">yn nyt?n» = ivvy oiro ,mia ~in> "bN \yp3\2n 

iiyb >rmmn ,.tny*n dn ^nbp\y pbi oyo 1101 op\y *rmra vmb n^n nid 

on .nivono n> - ~iqn - »o^oipo nbN» = ^11 odin noa nid biN ,-nnn 

on nwvQn .oQipnnb ^bi ,n>n oibob ^bn ,o\y:o mvvy ddd vnnnb o^sioo 

nvonn iq^v tini ->mN bbD nid - ""orrN ,i3n3N .n^ioo mnob n^n^ onb\y W3 

Nbi ">n">N Niib 7b ">n-td .-inN obivb ,rnnN mn-inb o^w i3n3N" - rpb^vo 

"•n\n Tim 7">">id">p bv "iQrib 

■>nnN ">rn-|j .ib\y n"oim vit>3b noiwo rn^ori inbQ 7013 idwq ">nvo\y ib\y bipi 

bN nmN <i^m itidi ovod »*p» nmN ^n ,*>b n^n Nb nid biN ,mi^on tin 

.mi\ vr\ nbw ^iwnri npmb .mirw p*t^~iq d^idq b\y ivoon nd 

.n^n oowon bv ^no-innn t»» ovqdi ^jiion - »n^io ^m Nb hdn" 

o> ,mnv nmriQ o">mnNn oovyiab nbin dn pnnm opwn n^v - '^hn ,Nb" 

■>biQ .mnb 11 dppd :m nuvi ^n3n iwiqi i\y>">nn nid .">nnN nmN ut> 

l^priw Jiv3iDon o^o ^bn">nb o^mam nnoi }ron jinio dn i\y" ,n \ranb 

iDin tin v>n33Qi mvi3nn rc?in ,o">bibpQ n~i \y>iD bN p->bnn 73 inn .^din 

.tidd 



>JiNtn T)K ">n3nm n\yim ">nop-nn - »? nnN no w ,n">3io >tv ~\vh oh» 

.nmnon itm jwmi 
•>nti nnN ,o^ri3 wv nmn vy> .n"oio jri3 Nb biN» - nnn - »^mh ,ara ^h» 

.nNioi rm-iptn ">mN inn Nin - »? pb y*no 

">nbnnn ,ihn ~ipinb m^t^o npinnnnn ho *ijiv - »:rnnN ">:rt>N\y tin nt?w 

mbni ~innn\y n~mn bDi wotiwn ? nnN ^m :nt? nr>N» - nn ~i^p \y>nn!7 

"ovu nn "iontiv; 

.Nbo pm* pn^ Nin 

pi iv^n umb ,biipono b"o\yo n^p ,">T-mot? n>' - ion - "-pro >ri3 "on» 

.»nNbn 

np^nwn imv *pin -inw tini nrvvn 7">\yonb ">n\yp">n n^wd idwq nN-u Nin 

i\yp">n» : n^on ">±mn iwn-i tin "bN njon it>on "00b ovo .n±r>onm nobnw 

Nb Nin .»mn\yn Nb *m oi\y on^nnow 7b ~iot> ,ODt?nn tin 7b Tr^nb ^oo 

.mn nTnn iro tin ^o^vn pinb "bv mn i^nd ,\no oi\y ^tnn 

"? nn nvunn tin ~fi nt?o\y rt>n ">oi odpd nr>N» 

137-103 it>ob ntrm .7-111 n"0£mn innponn tin wm iwni tin bubo Nin 

doni" : ion ,ib obwb "bv noD tniN ">nbN\y\y:> .nark o->no\y ,mp nvovtm 

7b pio ,7b ^mt>Q\y nvnnn tin »ti iTpan on .vtp ddn ,nn 7~ii* to \>n 

.•pnbvn <r>t7in - ».rnnr>Q nn nnann .nvton ">oi otwnb naso opnw 

n^iDon n\yo\y jpt tin pm nut? ,73 inN .nbin tin p-101 rwiDob 003 

.""orrN ,mo invb 700 >jwp» = nivio Nipi 

.npmnon tpjidoi \r>im "bN 7-io^n it>on iviw 

">ri3rDn ,nn">\yn "Win Nb\y oooi o^nqi ip^ bip ib n^n - "nroio ^ri3" 

V'ponb T">o ^nnoi ipw-i bnpo mN bD ip^i" - nviwri 703N - »)-)vh» 

nnpn n^poi on - uonb noo tin o^onin on .on^rrn tin moibi on^no 

n^iDon invb ^p 71-^ni ^oii 73 nnN .^-ipi nnvb 7n^ Nin - "o^iD-im 

."pinn own bDi ,own pinn" = npmno 

»? io^vi ib\y o^nvrrn tin vinpb 70^10 n^io jn3 bD\y nvT» = ^bNi 

Nin pinn" = n">o^v yxi mvnwn -ioni urn by noo n*>b tovw ri^io jn3 

P^ni m">3ion ^n^i ivwn ,vno pin^n i^-io obiDi »pinn tin o->vmp i3n3N\y 

7~io^nb NbN mm ">b nn->n Nb .o*>pnw on vno i^nn Nbi o\y vnw on^n 

.on^N 



^onoi ,nnw t>">ovm ^bw nTn*>n n*nnnn dn *ti> mnwi -mno pbo imv 

^D3oo .nvoin nnN iod ,mpiov minnwn ,o^t?\yD .)y>vn nb>v bv ,nm^xii 

v^ob ~dvo nun doni n v) mwivon mNnono ">nobvrin ,iti ooipo now 

,vmv -iivo nbnp pobib iv ,rivPi iiv mNuniD b\y mb ^n^m wwh ,t> 

Nb ,p\y ~i:d ^^bvn ooviwo p\y> n^n pobm mnNo .o">">t> mNon 7">i\yo 

pn nn^^p b\y ppo bbio Nin .nivwb ino pbo b\y o">"0^ ohoi winb ,nbi>o 

.mDnN b^b iiobob n^m mmn^ mvn^N ^n\y 
nnb n^o^n ^ \y>" = ">n-ioN 7101 .pnon Nin o>i ppo">"> bi^b^nw ">ri3non 

".n^n iibm ,vin\yb ,^n^ 



^h \yp3i op ,">n *\u frKi ,roho <pt?n biN opb ok bpi\y\y ">m dn*u md 

.ntoQ nbvn mm\y Ncaipn miro nrpnvy ntnro 

mp">noi o^Qwn mi> ,i">n^o v>w *pv rom 1b *>mm< - »i own nn» 

nwbQ vn ib\y o^anan .b*m ^v imi nnao \ya->ni u »>< man w .NoapnQ 

on ,nb^D o->\?-iab nb o\y -on nob vtp Nb "on .pno ibia Ovarii o->\yp\ypn 

.vi o o^vnv 
t?aion tin ">nnnn .mm p">ot?ba ov patm nwi t?aio nnvb <pi nbnpn Tpa 
•ppvwai psbin bv nnao o\y wn .mtrD win wovmm itmn *n pi NbiQ^n 

."301 *nn» = lONmpannn 

•>nyD"> .ijiq>\m b\y o^opn d^im tnmabNn tin nnrfr wbia"* .paba ">mm 

tmN bwwb wtna^ Nb .iwn 'Jiw virion rm ma ni mn .ib\y nvnn tin nnnb 

.nnn tin miv y>mn >» ">nbN\y m 01pm .mao Nin nQQ 

ppv ,na nvi^a na->t?Q ,t?\y o-oan tin nmvvw no">Nb Nb ,mt?^ pio ">n"n 

.rpa-m nbi p~ioi mnN nn bN ,n^m woq ,obQ3 -p inN .p-nintt Jiunn 

nbN\yn oo±n oiqv hn o nt»on nvnn ,ntmnpn >im otn ,11b o\y rn-mv 

.nvoon \y>Nn pib ">pi o">a">\^a owap 

n-fon rpbvo b\y nbapnon ntnn tin »mnNQ wmt? .-p^o nvnb -jan TQVftn 

nmN -ivai n!m in\y>Q ^nN ynnNn wm .noipn mriaa bv wsnyi rpnaruon 

,p3D3 nQ"oa .mbn na±n bvo ovo mibn nmrm nQbn novon .nmnb man 

i\y Nin .p^n nvwn ,mn^iQ o"T ">n\yi minN ">b\y nrmnn ,inr>Qi owna 

."nbNww nn *>nvo\y" = t> 10^ ^n-inNb noip pi u^nvn p~n ~nriaDn bv ^nbi 

iwi iPibn ib\y ip^n ">an .mnpt? npaip ib ">no\yin .vriaio nvnb Nb ">n-rDb 

nv^rni nQbi3 n^von .nDiw NibQb nnpp pp^wd \d\di t>v nam iw^n 

.mb^nn ^q^dq pin^b ^t73i ^b^ ^m3 wm 
biN o^ 7 "i^vb ^n^-i .nniDi ownDi ">\yipi nTinan tin Tm ,">nnN n^"> Nin 
nna imv^QNm in nnan ib n">n .">m:m ^ni vua ,mQp o^pvi ">n u^nn Nin 
-nnn b\y upp3 nnQbi n^own p nbv unv iwv nn .p^Dnb ^ n*om nbtn n^ 

.plN D33V 11 TlW-lb ">n">OH 

biN .o^Qva -i\yn t> ">nn3 -iid nn ,">riQQpnn inN v>~ibi t> n\y \r>\yin -ivwn 
,P\y n^p^m mmnn o^^vn pvwn .riD-iNion mnbn naovon tin ">rw-i w 

.piupon pod nobnw mnppn npap ,noDpDn Tn 
t\h >nnna ninbi nnp o^ti .n\^on n^a bv ^niw^nn pmnp vriab 

.naovan 
.n~n>t7 nn">n nbim o\y n">n ^b iid ^in ,»vy t\h ">nD-in\yD 



)V*)0t7>3>»a .VI 

n^aDa in ^na p ^pio mn Nin .Tvn o-iqi ^ai\y\y iioini n*>n iino^pnn 

,}t>m .no npirn bo^ in\yQ w ,>*t :mi n\y^ ~in\y ^nNiQb nn^^o npim 

nmv^ nao bv o^i^pq rm"D3i noo~i\y nTV^i n^D^n nbnp nTpa ppinn 

.nb\y pbwn titjqo nab\y\y 

nnNiwD .(mv^ n3i\y vim) )h-d ^vivvwmi 0m nb^) niQN - »)h-d u™h» 

^vivvwn 1 ? niboin oomn ba o^vi" = p~i nioN nnipn nn^ apiv ^pnw 

v^nb miiai 7b .m\yo ^b doni n^ ,nbNQ\y w n^Q^ ma ^ibftnft N^nwa 

n">na\y tin na\w N">n .ovo rrn^Q nb^n nwrnnnw iwin ">3^\y nb *>nioN 
Jin»M oo-nn ba" - n~iQ^ - "7D^vn n^-in" = naon bv m\y nvo^m 



m\y mvnn "on .^\y noipJin vsb m ,ddd m nob jivtp Nb "on .piot^m 

b\y jpiio ,nbvob mm tiqv oiwo Unburn on .no inwn w *pnm ^np^n 

m ,o>naj) jiiipdn ov ,nvu wnii nNiJiw pbn yoin .mbvQ worn o->v:iin 

o*pptn "o\y jin Jiwib ,n<y> ovn ,tPb:nt>n\y nbND ni"OQ "on ."p-notwnn 

.np*>nt>n wn - "ivwn 

nipN Dm iinmn ^jiitw b\y ono \ynb wn .inN ^t? iqw pi o\y mn bnN 

nnon iqv3 wn .is ^n i*» issnuin t>v o^^vn .wmo bv nam mwi ym 

two ,o*>mo jtuiiv pi ,*pp b">n\y .inw <ripvb mn iwon ">n ,>in inw ot»m 

.mv inw 01pm o"nt>m v^h 
riDiriQ ^\yi now ">bi nnw b\?3 Nim now ">bn mnbn noovnn jin 1b ">no\yin 

.iinn pnn tiqvd tin 

t> mnn - o^ni v>iv - 72 inNi <pn bvw mnoon o->y>m v>v n:»iN nvw 

: mrm itnnn mioN ,np">Ji\yn mwQJinwD .noovan jini inw 

"C>Q\y jin ib ">rnt?Q) ? nwpnn ,pnnb bDin ,tmN \yuob iiqn ">3N\y nvnn ">w 

.nbN\y Jiam nv = pi ioni nonb ivi nbvobQ ">jiin ipt? wn 

jnmb rrominw iQt? \yiT3i bi^ ijin .invm mn ">nv^ri" - ">rn\y>N- nv 

."nnrnn ^ y>N ,T>T>i\y mn i">"on iibQi "pobm bmJin ^n\y 

7*n ,t> \r>vnn tr>0N JinN ovo ijivii 7mm nNm iqn - "mm Nb m ,p» 

.in mn biN - m">Q\yn JDitn iqvw iwpqi iinw "po^o bN ,inn itm 

nboiiQ Nbn nDiiQn jin iqq with ^qq vi^Db n^n ^N" - ion - »nN*i" 

b\y mrco dtoi .mm3 ^n b\y nbN\y pi Nb n ,m»i .ito ->nbi ^irini naiian 

V3vn o> .7T11N p"ii 7jiin \yi^ iTDnn inw pn^nvy ^o\y ivvyb vro mint? 

n^ in"' bipwb ovsn* I3n3^ .onnn vioq ,t7Uio inN invy>n wi^bn 7b\y 

JTononn biQ iid3 Nbn oiNn ov tn ">n\ybD nw oppi oonDn nwirpn 

ttoi 7jiin vn^nb mow ^q mo vno = nnnN tp>m .no nobnn ^iqwiw 

to"> i)it> t> \y>\y onnn on ? nw nwv nn\y 7ml ~im vnoi ~inN inwo 

- »nn n^Q^nri bn^ .inN inN to vn^nb opdq n^n Nb >nti ,^dd nbn3 nvnb 

^iQ^vy m nwvriw nnN .7b pi nivvo" - doovqi nnbi ji^din vi^n vpn 

in\y>Q vyi^Db pit»n ">bw = ivw3 .ob\y nbn roQQ loonb bDim 71V bD 12ht\ wr\ 

Q^ai tt> onm ,t7tnnnnt7 bibv ^113 inwo pDVJinb bi^ nwn idwq ? inN 

».ni3iM Nbn o^^wa ivnvy^i now 

>» Ni^Qb 7ni^v tin ">n\yp">n pb nn .nb bDi 711^ o*>dpq ^n" = inw ">nvop 

iwoNbi \yp">n\y ">£jd ,">nv>n\y ib vmm ,n^ 'o mnb bDi3 ->bw ,dvd .'jiin pa^n 

".viP nnN\y ">£)d ,pimo ^jini ? inw wi^i p^Dnb ">b 

.mpQvn rDinnw «i*ni ni v>v ovon .noovon tin n">3\y ib vy^nb t) xm k\t\ 

jiinq" - r\ywvb t>i pnan Nb - »? o^p n^n ipio^pqd p\ dqd viv nn^" 

bDn .anna b\y ,o*>di^ mm>m 001^ b\y ,my>vo b\y ,muiDJi b\y o^vy 

,oivm ">t?p3fD ,iv3*in ''"iTn o">opi3 row bD .onobpn p^inrn owi ton .ivirin 

b\y mann pi .nbN bDb o^ibopi mnn^Qi o->pnvm o-oopq ^o^ipioiio 

^a niiNi » - mn iro nid - ».ob\y iin o^poinn ooidi mmnpQ n^n ruijan 

I^id ,0^0 wibw b\y <in^ .onnvn inN b\y iiniti iidd in pno ov »bN 

,1>t> ,nn .niivy iidv ,bp\yQ nbi^ ,pua nion na^v "oon rin^ bD ,11130173 

i»3no iri>H ->3^\y n^m » - nisnop mm pnoi winQ v>v nid » - n inn 

.~pv mwwn nnwo^nn tin nb^n moint?n o^jan \yib\ya p*>pn , mn pbn 

v>m nn mipan b^ inw ^nnw ,i">v^ 7^n ">in\y pman bibpo win n^ 

">nbin iin win n\y djinw" - ip n^n ibip - "vnn ,viji wn .n^n o^ioon 



"... "pN" - "iinNb *tv^ :nto ,nvrion:i rrnoN - »? iw» 

onrnn ^h -ro^nb n"oi -ft w v ' - vbvo 7on mw ">nw -no - »m\y» to nv 

nnmvb ,o->ob\y o^n ">nrtf7 n"oo 711V1 rpo^N nvnpibvn omvm mnan 

vtp *on no">NO tO wn m\yn\y no .nrrun oi\y ->bn TPifri 7^10 7t>nb ft^ tnixi 

mvon tin i\yv ~iid .rnnN w 10 no no^o 700 bv vtp "ON\y nwin nriN\y no 

7D bD *pi rniv nowbw n\y>^n tin o»pb wn n\yn\y no .^hn ,-pab nn 

ibi nmo mo i»D\y isn ort nn\y ( D'ra "ov/7 nmvm N">n\y nv^o .raviN 

».*pt7N mn prion JiNim 

.nvurin tin vonn Kb mm o*ow -ioinn "oron ->nD\yo 

.n*n yiNb v>>o r\T)K .m'i m^un tin tp\to Nin» - yioi ion - »\yN»Tm bw 

Nb in\y>o bw ">ovnn min ni own .romn - n^o *on nvw - 7^" "1010 iibon 

n-umnn }w nun wn .n*oo nriN p w ( n^ja *tjpn viipb \ypio\y nrmo 

- »n«/')fln v~oivo\y ">o b\y itso nvmayy ^ nnvypnn ^112 rfpro ,n~mo 

Nonnnb ~imo on ,n">^n n">">N-i .7m mn ,">3\y *no » - -pwon "nmno mvo 

.nonp ibin ? nvnv nriN no w .tw\h mivm nvi nnpn rmivoi nv>\!no ,73 

noip b\y mruy n»b\yNi onin odn .mvono o^nn ,on\y rpvno n^o^ n 

mn "ponn tin nb\y\y *-oo 7b .nip*- no vtp *-oi nnnN r\itb no3 ,biN .nrmpi 

."nbiwn bN n^o^nn p oipoi yionn bw 
-innm priow tw ito"^ nbruoi npi vi^n o">\yin wn bnN ,no in "ioib ^n^-i 

.noovon tin ^ 

nbDN\y pn">"> to obnni .piov ">3n noD iv nwi nn^ in ,7b ~\> - -ion - "dvd" 

brmo in Nin ,i3b\y rnioon ,mT\y irio .mnnN w nbND rmow bv ^o^ bD tin 

nriN mviDnn bD tin .70b -invo Nb pw oi\yi biN 7mN y\^ ^^ ^h r\m> 

-ft bnNb ,n£3">n ,vftM ->3N .o">\y3ivn bD tin ^ipi mnn^n im N\yi3 nriNi bnpo 

".no op 
nn\ynon ^vn nn tin i>v ,t>v nnpnn bN 7t?n now o3D3 nbNn o^om 

•libnn t?on tin ,n\ynn in^ ,bV3i imnNo 



vy^attn .VII 

onw ,">nn3n\y no -ivwnn 701 .o*np ^riDbn ni\y no rnnN 7*111 ">rn^n \btf> 

r\w 7£3">nn oj\y i^nno - iinoopon ^h ^v iibono m^mo o^D-nn bD 

n^^Nw n^povn rtnonn tin nw-ib ^n^n^i v^rioon vpin op n">n n^ ,^D3n 

tun ^\y>oa mmn^ dpodwi o*>\y3N levari mm mnpn .n^n 7-iDn tin 

t^ rrnwi omN ii^m o»bi\y ">ohn o->ob\y w\y3 onnN .n-owvi minbnni 

.nbNn o^WDOb moo mtny nvown pn iD-i">\y m^iDO .omva nnin 

,bDn ntoD .nno nvnnro o\yo ">nN^"> ip-iot7">poi obmon y^won nnob 

,i!7\y -iNinno pinb n*>n in^wo nn-ini -101 Tpan bvi n*>n ^nvibw ,7t?n now 

tin pob ">bio n*>n biD^w noD iv nnvb nt?">3\y noib t>^n in^ .piv n">n Nb 

o*ovo Nb n^D oipoi : n">ono n*>n iioiNb moo nmon yxn nNio o> .io^v 

.0">\y3N 

onnv b\y on^oioo nonnni obvrio ,nnN ^>i bv ^pbi pnwb ^nbnnn 

,iDbn on .bn ">onpo -ioino on^N o^von o->o3ido ,vn w>w own .o^m 

tin ->n\yn "on ,onoivb .7-nn b\y mT>on ,n bN n mo^iDo on^ariD ,n*n\y own-i 

">rn>i no">n winb ^n^n ,onoivb .piv iod ,nop\y nnoin iod ">b\y ^nn bpwo 



.•pnotr^m mm mm ov rmpn msrb tdv ui"n jOud-d n\y>on "pbm 

.no ovn ptmnb no bv mn Nb obnni 

urn 'romi .'Ninb pwN-in nb^i in nvw nbipn Tpa mvvy nbnpn pobin 

inr> 7N rivoo dnu mid .potnb ^riv^nwD iodw bv ">rinoo 7N1 dpudd nbio 

nw upn-i ,">nvri3\yD .pirn* ^-io mn hnioh ">n ~imv p~i r>\yr>v ^in ,buirio 

■>b yu\y "n ,rD"ivwn noovono nN-iob mi\y ,n!nrD noovo mi ouob mwio 

.-ivwn 

.pobfri bv nnw num op\yn ion - »uhn ,7miv vun nv 

.">\y3 nmb ^pbipo t iron u>\y own ,o">mo ouon? bD nbivu nmn N">n 

.-in ">mN-i Nb npnn uo*>t? mbo 7N ,noovon tin 'toon 

.»7U>n iiio un» : nuopin -imi 'rowon , nun Nbvn .udon - »-b mn?» 

riNm vvib .pv om\y ,o-oot?o nonv pt>o oo\y ,m">\r>Ni wn-i tin onn nid 

ntiv; nwb ,mbp wn-d yum io^v tin pn 73 inN ,">mN iron!? bpi\y\y ">od 

.i">\ypo 
"bN nwn ,->b mbt?b o-otr> onw ,">nvT> .uny no^\yn ynw ov ob\y Nb ">n\y:nn 

.pbob ">nt?u:> ov ^iiw\y ,nupbvn 

.'300 obvrintn mi t» nr>nb m>t? 7b y>N 3iqko. biN» - udon - »nmbt>» 

oinw bmpow noo mmnn nwm 700 wnt muD oi\y *>b vnw t> iond 

own uoo mm dtinw ^on upni 71 tn^no upn .vnw ivob nvnv 7T>poro 

mmm mtovn 'mN n^o\y no ,7nmvb pip^ un mn mpm ,70'nb .711 

".nuuvm mpn bpnm ^no oa ,mpptra nmnin wip w .y>2bs 

b\y ipi 7">\yonb tO unNb ^v"0 UN" - vnob mv - "p~ioo un^vy nvnn un" 

,m3"i\y mnno mnn "bv mboio dodi n^n ubon nbnpn Tpo un .nopnn 

wom un bDn ^b .">b po^"> ,m\y> on pwi wn b\y imub mv>u ipbnw 

un^\y nob -invo 7^ - nbuio ,no">ut70 r\ir\H un^b wnnw ">od bn^ ,vi& 

r\m imu u->o"> b\y mrptm .nm^ unbi pinwb Nb\y t> ^^ t> nwm - nwin 
*t^o 110 1^7 b\y ^op bDb ppu Ninw Ni^ob uwv uhn j'nvn b\y mi'^n 

b> b^ nmn m^ nid - ''mm\y ^dd mm oiovo mrm im^ omipn 

.o'DOPon 

.nn mD'on ">n-iON - "n^n nnDon T)K -it?o ">o 7^w bwwb p~i ">m^-i" 

,-ion - "O'oifD mt?0N Nbw \yp">n iddod tin winw ">o ,7b m^vb biD' uw 

.11^ ~invo 

•>nd^ un .n^n u^on nm^ un" - po^ri ">nonn - "!7">n tivi u> mpon ddn" 

n on .uio^n n">b\y uun obD iuoo ddnw m30N3n bv nbivn m30N3b 700 

Nput uun vp^ri Nbw nupo uni mno -ft \y>\y m~in ,7b o^wn ,700 b\y m>N\y 

un ,miND .moiNnon mnpion mmiNn ,nn mvi^n ">bn p~i .nn m^o-r^rii 

bnpri bv 7mN m^ob pioi mpi dod Tivb nrwio m^nb 7'\yonb 700 \ypno 

"•7Di 7nDD 
u\yi iu">u tin 7013 Nin biN ^nvrion ">bi ">n^in\y n^opn n^^on piinn nid 

.HDPOb 1U£5 DN 1D3D 1£3N "HIV UWO ,0">p")0V O'OOp 

■>o ~ft now - ">mp bipn ~ion - "">">vuo dn 7D \jnob 71^0 nbn> mvo iv 
option r\\r\ ^"ind bnnnw pio'n m ,onnn \ym\yb mnb .nnDon tin n">id 
70^n Niii ,n>oo ,-ft mum\y vwdv inwo nvrb \ypio ddn .bbD 7~iti vni 
iftv mwpvrinn biN .oobpn bD dn 7Uon ^iwnb n^n rnnn y>N tudw T^b 
Nin m'boiu mi'^iw mno obwn n'bv - vnn ,nv\yn ,noo">i uun onpnb 

».no^ 7nvo 
.in^ m^mNi vnoio mp'n v>\did ^pm mmu nonvn wowo nid 



by *iono mno mm obon oon by .nbND o*>oo 7b vrp ino *ino - »np» 

».yioN*in 

.ondt bo tid ypoo ">n iTJim ,nbNn o->bo*nyon 7N ,001010 Nbn o^qpnt-i 

ib">ND ,mi2y boi nimby bo onb oipo moo *ip*on bo nnion nomnn 

yitwn tin ^mopyn ,Pby '-riNin on i^nd ,0 ip'-n irio^o by biu oon ormo 

.mn 
: ooni onb oyom "bN iro po ,nn nwin ,nN*o:> ,on nbnpn T>pfD 

nnNn nn\y>\y mm inyb y">i2m - »oyob ip">y*i "woy nn ru2nn bD dn» 

Nin» - lyoob inyo D2om rmnoo noioin nymo pii "bN ma ,niNo*nDn 

».onNb nop"> Nb on ,pp £po by 7b dun .7b rono 

Ob ,t7HJ inV nN*OD ,b<31pO lOO t> "JO ,*1inNb J10010 *"T> ,nVl -)1P£31 

nmN <vpnb ^npoon Nb *nyi no-udd bN *-no*Tp:nn .*b rmn mo nnnbnnn 

.*H2yb t> min bipo ty 

".inn niwnb ob *hon ,7rDiob jon 7-102N on ,nrt> 7b» 

.mo*i bnpb ooo 03331 nb*n ino">o pin ,po inNb 1*123 

bnN .nonop ,mp-r o^noo bN 12 r-1200 o^Nn obao 7N = niDV wn rpn m 

oyoD ,511221*1*10 ,p*m ,rioop - >nn obiyb tniN id^oo in ibo o"3*>yn 

nbin tin ,bip on ,jrn~*nu *oo nmno mom nouo o»*pi .nnnoo 

0333 ,obob lyno noob >p2m obnn bN oao .lonon *nnn tin 7poi puhnq 

.nnbpon obo tin o'tjiii o'mi'oob 

ibo 7">V2ri tin in ,nN*iob ting *ipo tid rpno ,i^vn tin oioob ono ,73 7nN 

: t?it? bv idd vbv iPJim Nt?">D 7WQ - i7NH2b i">nt7Q biDD mn">pn 7*iD\y 

.mpi\y£j vbn ,ninbi\yQ o^t ">n\y n^v 7">qpq ,o**3Qb n^vyan 

,n*pt7on it7'flN ,mr>rnn ov nmra ">3n ^nvrion dn viq ^n" - ion - »ot>v» 

10^ 13b vn ,02vn .n^nooN nwQDb p^ 13b y>N biN .onnn vioo ,\yn ddnw 

- iri^n bv nin^io nniD bnn mbip\yo\y ^od o\y3nn nid - ".inN in m\yb 

7D1N pn\y nnDon tin 7">bN i3nb\y i3n3N Nb\y vrri\y uno *ob ni\yn ,n">\yN-i" 

bN ,bN" - 1">3fD bV Dt7l*lfD T instil VbHWi UN VUp NID - »*)P*lV*t7'3'On bN 

mi">\yn\y ,n^n nnDon iod o->N\yi3 ->N-rii ,vit bon ,nbn> Nb ^*in n ,bN\yn 

jii\y>*iJim op nid - »n*-D*o N">n biN ,p->->no poiNb pnv mn^ dpn onbw 

1VW3 7ipnbi *i2nn bN o">im iib">i nnn ,o->ovo ~iopo iinn tin ri2n ^npddo 

.Tpn bN un 

Nb n^ biN pi\yn ddn" - 001*1 bipi ion - "nobnno mn ,ron nv^noD" 

niiob .7^0 mn^inon tin lONb i^n ddn .131 bbvnnb niD^n tin 7b ropo 

no">ioo riToi obvnoi ">02v bv nbvrio on ,7">bv v^onb nid ">bo Tponno 

Nbo mon on .p*T2n om bv ,7^0 noonn bv 00010 on^N . . .on ."niNiino 

".7-1 innn 

">o">o*id nn nin^io dddo n^ooip 7^01 Po b^von bo ^ooon oon 000 nid 

.oon ib">ND ,000 pmon ^no^on dno bv non ono *mN .*np">n 

.mon noNi Nb on .711110 on" = *p 73">m nbNon dn 100 Nin - »? ddn ">o" 

TIN 0">N OJ1 -11ND TIN DINlb OHT2H OOb 01*l>b D^ ">bO TpODDO *lOlb bDID 

onbo moopnonn o->ni*i ,o->vio ,002V ov inoi noo o->bri3o o*tn on .mvi 
o">o->vm 7no nid - ».m bv ">b o->oboo ,niN*ion dn ^3b hd 00 on .rvo 01 

: ->">bN D301 *i2v ointi£3 .mNio inn i22i*inn ibo 
o">nioonb iivo ">oio*iv ddn .poo bo omov miob ,nvio on o->ovob" 
o->o3o ,p">*ib o">inoo onnuo on3N ">biN ,nobnn *iid oon .o^vno iripn 



vwviwqi ova vqwj wn - ».imn *hd ni ibm nnN\y -pin rabb 71m vawb 

.nnN mivn rivi 

n\y pn\yQ m\y ~p mt> "b nvnn ,720 n*ipm» = rmbit? itnni lira ~pr\ n\y 

o*ooiq npnb o^ba*- mm\y p\yin ">bD biN .iai m ,o->bbDn tin i^ddq ddn 

ip\y bv ,nQbvni i^i nnbvn by .11 pn\w uba ,pm Nb pnwo pnwn on .71:0 

inn "on : nnnN o">b">m .tPTpfwin b\y obnm iwm msbifyon byi onwn 

ra*i">t? .nvnn ^b nvyb rannN nvrmn ,*int>m bb:> nbnipn nvN\y jnvnn ,7b 

».yiv nriN ,n±ub o->\jm mbwb T>\yQ3 Nb .vb\y onn^n o">n">b\yn *om n^nnnb 

nn yiv Nb *oni moN\y ddq nb*>Q ">nan Nb\y» - ">nmm - »*oiin ^b pwv 

».*ynw ms*ib bin> *on 7">ni *onn \ypnn nriN 
: voran 70Q 73 -inw n^nynn a pmnn Nin 

v*inn pb ,vit> m ,mvyp ipn\y n*w - -ion - "rnnN nmwnb ">w>x Nb 7»»» 

.702V by riwpQ nnN\y wn ">nyi\y m*inb ,vnotvvm nnb±*n ~p bn^Q "on .71 

,pw bon .nnD\y b\y o*oo nuoyn juvsqni o">mt?i£n o->Ninn tin n-^n Nb 

».no\yn *oob nnnQ mna nun \y> .*vm n">n 

inyo T^ri .n^wno ny vra nnw *iyoi nbm inyb in^n nb^n o^»m 

pinwb ^b p">t? via .iinn tin nvyb ">bnQ ,np^nn nbm tin pio wi <vp\yQb 

.v\yym yawoi yawo riD rxto& wn ,ib *v>*b ">nobnn *oni 

im Tmnbi o->ni*v\yn nn bN t?anb ^b nnwi vbN mpnnb *-b *m wn 

o">b">Q nnwi own nn^ia o->nn mu mbft in ">nvo\y Nb nbnnnn .bmDb 

,o*t nN^apo m-i^nnn ,7int»n lira ,nnira ,w) .onnN omnn wvyovy 

: now ">o^v tin ">nvQ\y 

»JiiQN\y riDD n^n ">nari Nb\y ,^iin ^b pNn w 

: tnp tin ">nvo\y iiqph nnno .nm Nb -hd ,v^n ^n^owD biN 

"jiinN rawnb ^n^^ Nb 700" 
o->p-ioon o^nddod b\y nioinon orpm\y>rDi o^npon nubpnn b^t? bip wi 

.ip^n tin 



^m Jin>\y .VIII 

.-mb ">ninfD .">ra\yn Nb .onp n^f in ">nnN bv n^n pywn o^nn^o ">nmv 
: in^ nvmN .-npan p">oidi ">n3"> , >v , i n^on iyb ">r\vip ,nrt> ">ra\y\yD 

Nb t y\£fr\D 7f3t7Q Nb ,D\y Nb : 7HN U"l£3 OIW ". 1111*1 Jl Tl1*1^1N Olp^Wb ppD" 

iipan p">o*iDb nm *npa p*>u*id .oto n^q inv no n">n n^ biN .rairo 

.nbipn vpa *b it>D\y 
t\t\\ t) rinN*i3\y ,mn^n nn">n noovoi -OQipQ ,o\y n3 idddd ,">troi ^nwowo 

.D3i\yN*in n^Q^nb vuibnb 

wo iisbon i">b npnon ibwD ,ii\yN*in bi^b^i rnaiawn tin nnnn k>t\ 

.*i\ypi n^n^w *ion .nob *tiin pa^nvy ^ ,n\y iwpnn nid ,p .">nvo3\y 

libon nivpoi .b^b iiobon dn ">nmDni n*iinpn nvpjan bv ^raw^ n^ nnN 

.b^b^ Nb ii£3bon .iinn 71m o^qid 7Dn 1^*1^1 o^vi^ riiio^n nipi 

11 in">rnn ^10 ,bann *imn .non nvn 710W ,">ni*iivrin ni^n nnN ni*in 

■>">bvo nD">o\yn nn ">nbon .n-nionon n*ii^n mbip ibv o">nii">\yn p .o->o 

*ipn ranon m bv omb n^o ">rD£t? pion bv o">pfDiQ ^\yn ivwi .^napi 

Ipiinn ibwD ,v*i nvtnin ,jnaio ">nbi n^mn bio pban .o^pv ">riD^vi 

■>bi p mwvb ibD"> Nb ">b inm^vy >»\y ">tivt .bip VQW3 Nb 7iat»n unno .oino 

.nbipn Tpf) >bw ,oHnvno ^o bvy ,mn£5b ,w ,libon nbn^n b\y nbivon 7irp\y 



miHNn ,m-ppn ,oovnn mnNo .^> ira rpn Nb voon ,mo in ,v±n miNn 

biN .^Jiina Nb\y oivrioim ">:rnno Nb .'jiin nmun mv^n .nn noopn mov 

b\y \y>\yn win ninNo o->ppo ip o^o onwd ob jiqimd mno ">nd ">i nrpn 

.nob pooon tnpn ,mn i*uon ,inioq raoo 

»■>. lT> riDN" 

nb\y ">o ,ddn ">o viN\y imn von\y ivnn Nb rmw - -a dnj ov^ - "? bNi\y ">o» 
mNbo mmwn bnpN\y in = -jroN *r>mo on ? no on nobi otin y>mn ">o ,*ymN 

"! npinn ~ino mn oipon tin my onw in ,*t"o 

pio .nNbo N">n yiiwnv - >rv\y p -ion - »rmrD vinwi nnN ntr>\? pi \y>» 

pnoi bDD ,">N-i\yN ">tr>\?-D by iyo\y Nb on biN ,mi3\y no-pon yitob bmn\y 

uub bin ,dvd .rio-Don b\y poibnb 'Jinnw oi\yo rpsno nrmi "pipo tivi 

nriN\y joonh Nb ">nti nn no^on tin -p^y by nnpb\jm i> Nb to ddn .p* 

».-i\yp 7DN xmp -ddw ">o^yb -intio on .woob n^p 

b:> nobi on ">o viv Nb onw yiTO" - o^p-itn >rtun - "rioyb ">b r\vp» 

».-|01t> bW TON T 1TD 10D ">01pN T>Oyi mD V11Dt»Qri 

».-p no">Nno Nb moonn" = wno -i^p ">nbD pin^ obo nid 

".no rpn mn-m nn^iN oip">\yb ppno in\y>o» = own ">n\yn no owo 

to .*pbN iyon ppno -i\y> ? no ,p* onnuo Nb on" = mNnwnn p-i\y Nin 

,bo-o - i3oo\y ,*^non tin rbw pi n^ ,o">\yN")3 on ,110 m .oq^v tin io\yn 

''.i-ivo* nbQV dun 

"?td inD nij) obwb 7">~i^\y no iiiddo nnN" - nnn ~iPinn ">moN - »i -|">no" 

7">\yonb ^hvo ddn on ,nm owpv nnN" - <ritnb "ion - "o->mbN" .row nid 

biN ,70^ bv pnb 7b\y 7"ii^ri tin pno on . . . nnop obivn o">onn tin prwb 

riTon obiDi jdo nnN .o">T>Tb o">ion pi pronb Nb mvu n .*yb\y f^n on 

,on i>on .omipn tin <r>->vo m .d^d n^n T>on .noivyn bun noov b\y mi\y 

nvnb .iT> fmN i">N\ynb ,o->">t onnb o\yy ,">b pnoo riN3 ->opd Ynonw 

".">!7\y Tponno pbn Nb m ,7^\y n^oiNn 

,">nv^ri\yD" - mo">rvr b\y rnuno nwinnn ">riD\yori - »v*oni ->mN ->nvop" 

"... i"inot70">ob iion -ivwn t> -ipo ^wn-id ovn 
.nnN n^ivn rivi oirtn p">dpo vo\y3 Nin - "? inw^o o\y n\y>o" 

b\y nNin pn o\y o\y~i3 doni .o">\no h n^o^ni vnw ^ -ion o\y ^|t>n law 

".">riNn\y noivbD ^rn^n .ninon ">oi mn^b n^n Nb ^on now .inw^o 

p±o tin n\yjo\yD" : wi - 1> mi n">n Nb ,h:udn b\y ^in - nmn b\y nn^N 

»? mvo inwo mp ,ppn 

-|WON blN .OO^V bV 1>0N 0">D01t7 Nb OH" : ^">p NIDI JTOl^n bV t> ^IQ'O 

\y> .^o^v bv -now - ppn^ nid - »V303 ^nbin ,TiD3n itpi bmno bDn\y noib 
on n^n ,i"ibon -pm tin nnvri bN .nn npt?vno o^iio opnw ">o ,nNi3D ,o\y 

".^bin nriN iNb 7b nil 
.o">"notoo\?N 0^1^03 71 -inNi voipon ^vnri b">^ nbv rnoiown p . pno nid 



p^ttn .IX 



Til rmnt?n nnb Ji*nm \yo\y .nob mniNO nrpn nvwn ^rmivrinwD 
•pabonw 'Jinn ,mo\y -iat?o -inv:> .-iini n:f>o\yn tin nwbom o">pm noibon 

.miDn rnaiawn tin *>no-im b^^n 

,7niN ">rnvn on nionno on» - moron nbnpn irppa nrpn n - "? ottn» 

".moipion ipmn mvwo ^nd 7b pnoo in\y>o bnN 
">n">\y-in pvtov pi .110 -ipm ,noob rui\y ^nopp" : maiawn nbv mio bip 

».~}^k yopswb ">o^vb 
pi -ian\yo n^on ,oo\y 36 b\y ivtoo .wn-i ind ">b \y> biN oiion - "^ mo » 

".mpno onw nnN 

bD oonon" - nani op">m ion - »~pv p^nn i^n Nb Nin t>ioo» = pn^ Nin 

,7? 101b n \y>\y no viov/? nownw v>onq on .mpnnw iv vjion ,im nmn 73 

"."a nwnnm nto ,N3N , w 

.nntrnvb rnaiawn tin ">nn\ym lb ">nov - "nvwn n^no 7in nN-iro" 

.romm ,pat? Nbb ,n-iaro\y ,o">pbn nwtwn nanm winb ,">ntn n prion Nin 

i-inh±6 .ywi7*n -ioivo pvw T^n np">pi nm rnvnwn -iiwp ,nannn 000 

.noivi* -ia-ia nnov nv 
Nim ^itnb ">:nn:na - »? o\y y>N odo mN <iNb nob" = no m omni ">n:i\y»nn 
^bniao ,rt>bi -iwno ">vno nina nN-o Nin or> -iini .nnnt? o">o->\y ^vnn ,pn* 

.inwo 
bobob ,72 ^inNb onwaNo .no^ onrmo om? - mn <o^ - "mow 

".o">v>-Don o>wii pit?o to) .n^riN ~\mn n">\?mi 

".DDbb INb t) V>N Nb">00 ,*m» : V3D3D D"T ">nOin 

noi-u navn rowioo nn">\y nrr>n iv - vnab -imino ,-ion - "-mm tn w 

".oddn o:nm innv rbt>r\ bD .tino 

- "piOD ,™wn rinn -ftv iiabon" = y>w onon ^ nnnn Nim o">o->v 11 ">ri\yob 

- pio on ."|Ovb \y>o ,nnN nooi^no -mm ,nv^n\y iod ,biN" - dpuni -ion 
ponn p">i^\y ^o b\y iiNini ip3 ^ndi) b\y mv ov n\y>^ 7b -iHt»nb - bjicoi 
,Vnoo ,">niN ton Nin - ".(iiwN-in n>bn iibon -iviwn "b )T\w )vivvwrt 

: 7">\yom nwivo win^i wn-i ion .nv^n Nb\y ,nnunb nN-i3D 

na^w nbN\yn tin obm ,t onn Nin - ».mv b\y *n\yon nimv n^ioob 71m" 

n^i ob no .novb ^ in ,biN\yb did^ -p \>h ^dvt lb o>i viv opn" - bN\yN\y 

mivn ? n^b o->N-iip odn 7">n .niN^inn oo->oivo ,nwvo ">W3N on^N ? 



m-ii\yn ,t>v ninonnn iv - niaipw ovod 000a o*>\y ^|\yn m\y - ".n^innnn 

tin in ">oipo tin obivb x\2W o">n ,000 Nbaion -)pin Nb on .noinnnn 

7N o->oot7i o»t» nibiu n^in Nb ,^\y nibruon fio^n nnono on .^nn^o 

T">v on .-p oni-ii opn ">">-in\y ">b n^vri Nb ovanw nupo on .o">odc>io 

nbD >n iod ,ni">Trn nimn b\y b^voi 7">\yonb ni">p nNi-i o->ni 00a nrrovno 

»■>. ova bDn mnnnno bDn >nnm ovon no .m^in 

.own ">\yn b\y nipio ">n\yn m\y 

7-11^ vn o> .novb rpono 7^N\y -ii-ini 71HN biNwb t> n\y-in ? inwo nnwn" 

">riD\yon oni in^n Nin - ".70 bv b^nnw in ,pin\yb -inn nnN vno t> -monw 

■>b\y b">von 000) n^n -iipnn onrp tin ">b rnNwni mm rnpoi bionN" - 

o^\y ,iinv?po">on in\y>o b\y n">b\y nnN oi">n .(ovod pnn o^on dn *>na!7\y 



.unuio vojiwono urn htdi moTb nown n*on ib \y> ,o">ionno 0">n on 

''? 1J101 NWO bniO ON ">0 OV : JllinN O^JOl ? pND 1J1N ">Ob 

: oio'-nwD wnvo t>VD b\y ddodi mom 109 Jivnm 71:0 nNii Nin 

Nb Nin biN - "? Jioonn bNi\y nJiN» ■. ojqji nwioo n3nob 001*1 Jin Nin 

: Jimo mimo 110m - ».jhnti ">n vii~;b imn bD ntoo miN" = nnwJib yoion 

Jin pnwb hd Jii\y*mn JioiDJin jin v^vo on noD iv ~ft oiiqn biojiN» 

,nown 00 bv Jimob .mo Jims nmn bv nn ninon ivtovi o">\jon .7b\y pnwon 

buv ^v inbiw bv noo Nin - ».-p hd iv ojiwi Nb ,jin~; tmi onnN vn oomn 

Nibon 7b *^v"0 on ,xb t?Noi t>\jnv biN" : vo-ionb nbn> r>n 0001 mon\y 

».ooov J1N1 710V jin bbD Jioipo ni">N\y nn m3nno biinb Jinnnn 

,0- pNn : won -p oiovw no bv 7001 mnb n^n ijio n> - o-noN - »^v> 

".ilia nJiN no bv vio opnw ,oiin 
bv ovd b\y nvnn .">oioiv imob 110J \yo">\? i\ym ivoo">\yn nvow ">od non ovon 

: loo bv nowojin ">"><£:> mvo-11 io*v 

Y>boo on upn .)>vr\ ov nwoo vipN» - io3vb ovod ,ion - ''.711313 mn*"' 

Ji-mio UNO moo wrb n^n ,n\yom Jnbnb iNDb jini Nb .JiinN irnb 7b 

on 7b\y no*-\yon Jin^n nobJi ,7Jio\ypvn ,101b t> urn oni 71 .nJioin innbi 

i">non jin Jiowb ton 711^0 .uno 7b inn ">nh m bD .n\yb br>ui in\y ivion 

».nittP Nb wnio ODt>m\y 

».">\yoin oin on .Jiv tm njpnn ipnb biD"> on» = uiin oivop 

npwon pid ,o-iini yibon jin i^vi oib\y 101b xsyo Nb st» >vbn im ovon 

,->& 7111 ,101N1 ,'Tl nNiop 



^101 ivi3 ,Niopn loiNa o^t 7Dno ,imot70">on b\y pn nJion m\y oiiov 
7">bnn Nb biN ^JiiiD^n JiiNb ivtd Ji^n^oi vo 7^n ioi\y .">£) bini pmioi 

.n>o 01N 

ioi\y bN o\y>o mo 7ion »ot-\y ion ,po inNb Jimot? Jiipi von 7HJion 

o">bN moJin Nin . juto tnj 10101 ">o-iPbp t ijidi Jinvn ^ion o\yi\y 7t?n 

b\y lONpNopi 0^0 io">v 70-nn 7HJion .oiin nn^o ipnw ">od 000 T>ovm 

oit> nom Tpn oun hjiod bv 7t?n *ioi\y yrb ,t>i 7111D , wi Ji">oipon nown 

.oomin 
•lioiNn Jibib iv bonm pn jin n±m\y ,boi\y vuiwn ^oob 

o">uipi ,ooo\yi onoivo iojin hoi ip^i miN wni bvn wipoi \ypi noo 

Ji^nJiiN Jiopipii owi Nin .n^mn ^vn Jibi jin ob nJio ioiDob onuioDm 

101D1 iv\y nPN 711 .nDiiN no">\y*ii oonnNn vn on .^n\yo 711 ooiiow jin 

iTb\y ivwi inN 7N nv Nb onoiiow i^b i^o^w ooou ? onnNn bD 

.oojion 

pmwn n">o\y bv ohvi^ ,Jimm Jnmoi ohv .7HJion ion - ""inN nh" 

o">o->v 10^0^1 oo^no o">\yiN nov ^jihw^o bv ,Jionon 001b .o'on ">^ni 

,omn Jinwv 00 bv ,nbNo\y mwi npoo nbNow .onnv oobnwD Jiioiwn 

o">on\y Jionbiw ,^v oiwio ,oo^o^v ,00000 Jitov ,\yio*>\y oil ,Jiio\y ">ob\y 

13V Jpvponn noipi .t>\) ino)n \ym jin o-iii">n .o->pniNo 'wido Jioibm 

. Jibin \yp11 poJiDi 7W0 ,oiiipoi ono 01 ijo ,vm jin iw ,7HJion 

.o^vyv 7^1 t>:oo\y \ypoi ooono 71 bip 



,">bo\yn ftm v\it» tinwoi omno o"oot?o nnrmo ,rt7i*n nnroo ninNo 

mid ."nvo <in byo m«po ,ft n mrmp io->v ,ovo vno nvvy ,-pv* w>k i\y> 

.b^D -pinono obvrinw ooo ovo Nb ,v>n tmN ">nnn">n oni nnvb T>">n 

.no bvi n*t bv 130000 ,nop y>o^n Nin Mm top ib n">n .-ion - "nwpni n\y» 

- -pinon b\y ^inn 131VD1 ,mo ">bn *p rmno - »<im\yon ot>t>» = ion ^toi 

CrnnN rt^m mrob mn nn nn ,noio rtr>on tin \y>nn Nin) ^ nirro» 

on\jrnoo m\yn pbn Nin .Npop b\y tun t> nro nnN «i*nm ind nriN\y 

».vtp nriN ,n">oiNbn 

: "p\yon Nim rroron 

">ob ,ipw - pn* Nin - 'wn\KQ nmTn n no vtp Npop tin Nip\y ">o» 

.rpo^o mo in m*> pt»n biN pin^b bnn "pinon . "no nop imo 

otin .N\yon bv vn\y>oi ttpn nmwbo voo on hod .mioon b\y mv on» 

nnN oNn .nooo iwrt> oPvnno V310 on = Nnn onpb rmwnb bm nnN 

"i Pn">±ooio miNi p~i "ibi pyft -jo^v tin i">\yno 

.intmDi -nnNb p\jo Nin 
bv p£no ^nn^n .ft pio mn\y pbn >n mn biN ,tino otin nv^rion nbN\yn 

7b nop ">b n\jnr>'' - ">nn:no - »pt?n tcd" = mvb ovo ">nooiDnm t>\y innwn 

bin onw nnN nn">\y in mN vitn nm ft ran ">nv^n\y wo = noDn nPoi 

•1ND ot>t> iod ,mn~nnb oont?on o->von \y>io on ft oono vn\y orabv 10P 

Twvoift ">mN tpob onoo onnN .mvno pi~i ,mo\yNni oon o->o">\yNo on 

■>nvn^n noiwo ti - »mn \y>Nn ,bwob .n3V3 Nb onwd o">pvidi rinnn Nb 

npn tr>\rp ^ -|->N\yo Nin ovo" - n">ooo">tn tiv3 pt?n b\y iooi ^-nnon -iivb 

.pnopo^oi 7n">N ">mN \yooo Nin ovoi mn-in nn^iN oip">\yb ">n\y^D pp b\y 

Nin td ~inN .mm"' rn-n\y o->o\yn piw ownn tin ooo bipo on pnb pa 

noinon ^do pnnb "iion on no .o">oi">n v^owoi nnbV3 nvinn n^ tin \y>n:>o 

"? nn 

o->>oo nvrio on ^iod .n\yp nipb nriN\y ->mN n^n^n" = vmpi tin <i\y pt?n 

p-iNo n">n ">o ? pivbn opn o^n p">n iwn biN .niNpov b\y pa bv o">nnonon 

7bi ^ mwvb ooo ">n\yp">i = Noan -ft idn .inonrin -i">do on ? mn waoon dn 

N\yon ovon no .o^pn tin ^i\ynb ,oton on">N ot 7001 pnnnbi mT\y 

nnov ^n -idooii npon ovon no? ooi on no bv om^ ~inn Nb ii\y pioi 

■>o-i£3 otn nriNi n3H0 wm on = nnoo">t?N oo->i \y> ,otio on ? nn">no 

ovod ,nbp naion n\yv Nin - ".nopo on ,-ftv pi Nb ,o">">oi£3 o^iopn ^^oi 

•>mN ooi^no nniN nriN\y mmvm n^n ~ivon» - ^rmian tin inn nwmo ^ribn 
: 7\yoni ob\y o->v>on bD tin ,ot>^o ">nth ,o">">9N">\y on-i^oon tin viipb 



nn^wno .rprrn nonri ,nP^ ,m-ioo bv oodpo ,nnvo ^iri^ ,tiod ,mn^no 

tOD"* ,7nn>ni ,nriN\y - nn nn^nn riTip^oi 7">bv o^mpo nbN bD\y nnv nn 

".7-nn nvD -imN \yi^ ^bv n^ioon oon y>^on - mNiP nmN ^ft 

nriN no ^ nopnw n^o b">nri3 ">biN" = pi^Ni ain^b "pwonb ovo ^ti^ni Nb 

pib n^n o^pn^n tidivo noi mmn nn^w oip^b ppn tin^ no ,vtp 

"? n^n T)not>o">on 

: vriob id")V3 ppn b\y ppv 

in -i*N\y npn i^n - »i mn-iri mi^w oip^wb ppn n no ">mN ^hw nriN" 

>n 7nbN\y tin n3iD3 ">nnn" - nop\y mo^N 



nn ppn T>n iwpn nn o> ">Tbw> - mi i±npn ^n^v - "npbn tin pi" 

".lipDtwnni 

- "mmwn in^v bnptn ntwn ntwwn tin bwwb ^nw ynvn r\n mm "ow 

nnnb w o-wirpvb t>"><m» - tnp tin ymr\ 73 bn ,inw viowb mn n\yp 

tin \y>nn wn - ».i^n m nnn .nwon nnN\y nasnnn tin ind \>h \Moyia 

two ^ n\yp ,V3vn o*v>' - vm iinnm nobn ov^ jhhn .mnnNn n>Qn 

nn n^n "on .v~no ribnpb ,n^mQ oh o> ,nQ">mi n\ynin -\Tt>Hv t\h bnpb 

n^in ovm ,">y>bo iPt?3 .mn itnotro^n "0">v tini »ry tin myb non "pnro 

ru\yn tin 73 bn ">nn\ynn tt>t> .pirn N\ym pin ">nbn pirn ru\yn nrnoQw 

24 -pnn nn mnonQ \jrmQ n»n\y t> p^n - imp">\y nw mn ">mnnn i^wn 

biN ,nn m o"t>n upon ,-ny*>' - o-^nnn onm innwn mim - ".mvw 
pio ->3PN\y mno m .mpbi >vbb owiq nnnb 7">\yQnb pio ">r>N ,n">\y>N ,^n 

»? -p mm ,obwb 

niQ^nn 7-11 imm -did mw dq by - mibm ^n^v - »Nb pmb» 

»? ^nbN\y by rmyb -pv m^nonnn 
: \yro 7i\wn impQQ p3n wn 

dn bnpn nnN .o^npn mn itwnvy vqnq w> - nvtrwn p">t> - »^mh» 
,7">y">3Q mmi 7monn ">moNn vvny ~ry on bnN "by miQQn ov 7b\y nw^on 

p\y 7">tnn pi nNnwon >mo - »r>3£n mnvn mno nmn mion nyn p^n 

nn±m oip^wb ppn wn no yiv 7PN\y ^b iot?n ^nv = m^-ifDnnn ninDb 

7b mi nn .711^ Nb\y ^id ^n n^ 71001 ^p^vb oi^v pw nwiv nn^ .nmn 

''."0">y>n ")QD"it>\y o^^nnQ ioq^q ^n3 Nb\y 

mnnm nvrb Nin i3b\y vi*pon» = "122 v& t\h mm inbwn tin ^pv vnob 

o-odiqi o">3D-nvn ,o'hw i3n3N ,od^n mnn ">iQHb tipw .TiDbb Nin ub\y 

,Tiboi nn 7-niv n^o^n ,~pv nt?">on p*>uid dn 7111V nvni ppn tt 

>>■>. ppn nno^niN bwwb ^vq nn^i - nn nv>p3n nw^m bi dn -ft dq^wq 

.o->mi>n o^iun pit?3 ib\y bipn . ib\y nnvmn o^pyn ^nmnnn 

nuiiQi .nbm dn "inn dv) wni ">ion ^^ob n^"> 7nnQn .nQ^npn n\y>^n 

: ion pn bN i3n^">wd pi .nb">£ moN Nb 
".1^1D pabi 73vob - nwiv nnN\y no vtp nnN\y 73vob nnpo ^n» 



riNnan .XI 

o">\ypiQ 13N .731^1 tin o^nwo 7~iinv i3>iN\y iibQm ntr>on\y o">npn 13N" 

nmn nn^w ii£">\yb ppn .13q^v tin p^nb ub iwoNb hd 730^ mpi won 

o^p^u^iqi o">pc>v ">\y3N nmb nomwQ r\mvo ww iopo ^ob napm 

ppn .o->ppvb i">fDm\yi mnn ,vio)2 ">>inQ monn p->^ ono iv\h bn .oiann 

.1^11 iin^q bv nbivn omt? ,nmv\y n^\yn mo±m -3 lb iin3 pno^n 



mmnn nn^nN tin ~iQ\yb hd o">\*rmn o">iN\yQn o"nt?n obivn Jim rmnab 

otqvd!? in ,on">!7V pnb ,omN op\yb ,*nn\y!? ,inb\y m wiro o">n3Q3d 

m "om nonQ .0^3-nopbN nnn mv^QNi pm o-oiNnim pi -nn^n m\jnb 

o"i\yv en n^QiN nn^iN . jinrfr n^Dib >mrP o^iby wxpn ynm ^tm 

bD vi3Qb N">n ppn b\y nmoo .oo^n ">nbi on D'li o-o-^nn .p->oob rmb 

b\y iqpp ~imn ,Kxm ddn row ronm Tin^n ,m"o\ypv mviow i** mnnNi 
td iro b\y mnopn imv on o> .ton^ ovn iv iwrow ,Npop >pia b\y t nro 

.ton Nbit>"> Nb "niotr>nn i:nv - potn boiQ mn 

nih pN on ,in pnnQ\y ">Q\y ,ini .r>n iro -nrpNi i3bvn3 ,-d^qnq ^d nnQb 

nvnoi omivQ "dd mi o wu .ijipi nmun nv^nn nbnpb pnoo ,o"p 

.vno pin ->nti .71 innn pb .pirn ">\nptr>i pioi nwq birro bv n\ypQ rm 

tin p\ynb ~inN oin boo ~im"> twd ddn ~p\) rpmavsm o->">\y>Nn *puu b\yn 

.mn T>n itd 
rmPm o»w omm o->pt?v npbnm nwu = -pmN±nri bD tin p03\y ,pm 
Nb .wvob imn^wQi 01pm -fn^riwtt riviun ,nN±nn bD pi o->idid n\y>Qn 

.jtwio mN±nn pQ3 
rmnn wn odovw -p\yb wd^ rpnn omnv td nro dn p\yrP rv^n on 

nofpo opwnb tvpd m oidp .*Pn <pK dnq *tp bv riNnon dnu ji<rma 
bDb \y"iD">\y in mwvb Nb -jwpn .nbi mn *r>n iro n\yo-pi pioi nwq n-ut?m 

.-inN -pi* 
.nabw n^n tfn b o^nNDi pjvi in tm *r:mvnb onmv un 

,m iinm 

.ppn iPmn 

pi in vnoin ^od b\y o^iun uib .~vm oin o~ip pun niv rpn onnDQn i">">3 
in ,11^0 "nofft ^rimriD = o>nw o*>uio bD mv3 m\y .mbut? nvmNi ppn o\y 

boo n^pi") n^pn nrpn noovan .o">pbn vn ^td mnN .^nopbN -inh ,opfD 
.nmN -it?Q ">d iPdi nbnpn biN\yb ">nmo Nb .intt nnmn dnw Nb N">n .vto 

.H3V3 Tl^n Nb 

V*t l"i">v b\y iqw tin nN\yj N">n .riNnQn nn3 boipDn n^^n ii^i d^in 
.•>\y3 -JN jiniQ n^n td idd .">riTip£)!7 nn">n riNnann .vit pq obpm ihiwqw 

.mN ^">ni ,n">3^n\y ,nbt?bit?Q = pi ^nvn b\y nn">n - nonm ">i> bv - nQ">nnn 
\yp\y ">rnN\yn .^b rov Tin^o .ib\y iiobon ~iopo tin ">ru\yn ovn rnnab 

.nnwni "bN n^n Nb mN ^n .mvnn 



np>Ji^n i>^n .XII 

"? "pbN <pio^N\y T^nn Nb" 

nmnn mrwn n*> ,nnNn iti ^inN n^n^n vniD ^ibnn nnoi ^ prion iiinDri 

riQD ^ibw "iv^ri ">\ypi \ypp dqd nb ">riD\y "pvnv p~i .~nn\y o\y> b">vo troi piov 

Jim n">ri Nb Nin .i^on inN\y o^pid-i^i iou tin boboQi ppvi bnboo Nin 

.rm* -ri^N\y iv vmvi^N pi noio vmi bbiQ Nim 



oo> lopvo nv:u wn-d vowo tna -invb nmw ro^ra onns biN 1b ">nov Nb 
ho ,nvn D'ma ,^onoo o^o^no ,in -101b hio od^d roriN nvw .doio-ini 

.nooi o^d-ddo o»^n oHobooi on^iv ovo 
tv ,-pvn bN vpvw ,mnoioo o'ma rmny *pi ,bwv ^nn 7\yo 7iirion 

.yio-iN b\y minNn -i±mi Ninnn\y ppi op\y limb 

o">vio oyo» - oioip in no bv yn*m ion - »ooijin ind mv Npop» 

m .)Hi mv pi nid biN ,on»Jin tin nvoo n»-pvn ib">oN -ind m\y ooiv»nm 

.»TONn td iro ,i!r>m -pvn tin nrow nnN oo\y vnw rpn 

.opnw iwi »N^03\y pji»\y» = >jhn ip">ri Nim otion - »N303\y 

."Npopi inb hd »X Jifnosn n>' - otion - 'nil" 

n*n pt»n .owi o^od .^to nlnv" - 7*nnon -ion - 'Tmoon oy n\yo£>n» 

mil wn\y o-mon iio-ind tin o»t?^ nsni rmoon ,to-iorinb n^n on ,in\yo 

".onnNb onmoi 000 ooip oroN\y mint? nid rmoon b\y p^n .-pvb yino 

»? noD» - ">nov - »nt> or^o*" 
,">p-ion 7troo n-mN Nb c]K>> - npnv3 ino^i ^iinon -ion - >nim 7^n dno» 

".-ipinn noovon itopyy no pi 

- »? H\y -iNioori "pbon b\y nbnpn -nwoo mn <pi\yn vt>od 7b nbiv norc 

: pivxvb bnn Nim Hipn wii b\y noo 

niN^inn b\y - o^n pbnn - pp pbn p-i 1m .vwib hi rvn-inb -iwon ">n» 
000 -irm Nb tpvpn hi p^o pbmo -iid 11 ">mp3\y oidpdw h iond ,^\y 

».*m 
in ,oion mrm\y in» - tw nn^non -111m ^ronn - »Nb n>d nmwnri" 

".onnN o">v^oni to-iorinb ^N">n\y 

nid .-int?on o->\yp ommn ^d .nm' ,mo -imt» n">ri Npop b\y pin" = n3N3 Nin 

.-i">vn ibi m-imo nmb nbn^ non t> nn">n v>n ^ipi .pono io^v tin mi 

".onop rion o\y \y> ovn ,ni -ipib ^do n-i^pno imwD 

pim^ moii p3v -iitd nnN iot-i rnwv 01 .">rnoN - >>>£> pnv n>d nmwnri" 
-f-non b^nn Nim -inDi ipm on .nn^n mwi^n mo\m\yo ihvi bino 

.bn> bnn -ivwb iv pimn 

on 000 -inv ni-in no-in nriN" - v^D\yb dpo ^iinon - "Pin b\y n^p 7b vn" 

in -p\) Tmn i^mn on .n3ii3 mono dpn obivb pv m-i^ .vn itd tin n^oti 

td iriD\y ->o b\y f^n Nbi i*?v vn onw ntii^ 7b ">n-d .Tinppo^ob im ppb 

".im\y-ia 

: oo\y ^>h 7W01 nmn^w nb-nnp b\y n^nn^i piinnb ">ni\yi vno in ^novn 

7b n">n t> .vn itd n^03 ->o ^h >mn -ft y>w - mouNi ">rnoN - "^no nriN" 

•>n">N -inb onbw iovn\y ">no\y-inn - imopo^ob -iwni .">n">N 1110 n^n Nb - 

nriD bN vonb ino o-ii p-i\y o^vtv o^id .on">N -inb h \y>\y iovdo boo o*>n 

tr>0N ,">">mNono" - mNnwnn 7"nnon N-ip - »\ 000 movn -p^n bD w» 

,TiD3ri oiNn 7^N\y ov^Dnwn -iid bioriN .o^idi mo\yb rin^n ! ohn ,">n^-ivn 

7D bD .mon^ binbn b\y mpo hin ,mvpi ind^ nv>n\y ,121 yiv 7PN doniw 

".ti-idio vp-ip bv n^o on ,-i">no b\y nbN\y p-i n\y o^^v -7mN viowb h mn 

vnw ion noinbi mboioo rnp-iwb mp od-i*t o">\yiv ^nb-iinpn tin oopn 

mnvnm o^owo ">nbDi ohid^ vn o^id oo">onn .noop monvn o^mpo 

,:mtoto-i nonmp nn-i\y .p">opo hnopi moioip rwn vn i^nd ^mpi-i"' 

,m-ivo o">o->v n ^V3 p-i ,nbN bob nb o\y Nb 7"nnon .rowioo no-nno n^^p^ 

.•>o N±nob prioo 



omnN mwv bv ~\wi no ,no^ -inN v>vi bv nv±2n t) w - rrnoN - »nNi» 

»■>. vr\ iriD tin irv x>w on bnpN\y noo 

o^nvn tin doiod inn two ,mrr\yni nwnwn b\y nnnvrin o^pv o^o* Nin 

- t?itr>ni bN\y - >>■>. viv Nb ">3N\y mwo \y>» = mpbvn mow wbiwoi o->piovn 

nnN\y mm Nb "on ? td nro tin p\ynb 7">">iD">t? bv nv~ib v>o\ynb ">i\yv\y m\yo» 

".v^o nnN\y no v^nb 70P10 

^ioin nvi mvmv; noo noo ">£5 ^ v^ri\y vrro» : o^now nrpvm ,wi np">n\y 

o^pvi "bN mo Nin - »? <)T)W b\y iovo t> mpo - lonn - ">Tpon\y ^ 

»? p Nb ,»vk oipon p\w moN» : ">b">vo vm ^nNi mo^No 

o^iobiy - niomn rrnoN - "np^ot?'' -. 7x0 td^oi vnnwn tin ">n!w>:i 

roub pnmnw mpon ov ^roun m^on .oipo oiwb whn t»iv Nb 

t?no t> ^iopi -pnvn iiiwn bv iH3 ^n .nnmo nbN ,Jivi32 ^nbnn nPvnon 

\y> .7b rroio i^n n^ibirppon ,in">no!7 7nno\y ">od ? no P~in no ,">t?oi 7tob 

»? mjo "on ,ppno Nbo v~no 7b 

,moo:nnD nvnorrn rnnN mmn to .vtp r)N\y o^o -povnb wr\ nvib 71m 

biwDO mn itnon ,70a mn "oiv .n\y3VJ mmi .*i\yp nmwpD ,mioo mnw-D 

^nn^i rono nvpno ,mom3o ,i:mob nv~m\yn mvn moo N<bmnb 710 

.n\yn 7iinon ,mniN nmn \yo\ym nvwn tin inn o-oiovo .mn^D 

nro^o "nmo b\y o-odit pn ,nm mmo omn rmb ubnnnun ion - >qo» 

Kb . . . ">n">!y>3 Nb ,dn^ bDi .onnN o">wni bbD ">n">N otq n^n ^b\y vqnq 
•>bna ooonb bo"> ">3N\y mm Nb ">3n .nnpiQ Nb ovm ,io niH3 nv^nb ipo^ 

".^v^rinb 
nobwnb 7i\yn ^iq nn^ ? imotro^n ov ,ppn ov ? ">£ ov = ^riDn^ 

"... rwvpiv^i loin b\y nN^in yn\y ^m^bw 

: pbv \y>"iriQn yvn ">3oi punnb wpiDD n*> t\h onm tv~i3 Nin 

b\y ">n±nn n^Qn ,^ti ">3n .7">^n t\k bipo ">3^" - nn mbown "ion - "nw» 

.no") 7vnn ">b n">\yn Nim ">nD">">n - ".7"nnon 
.nnw N(nb ,pi^n b\y npon^ ^nbn ovod n^3\y -in^i t> t> ^nuwin 

.Jinno nD^ni ipwv 7~nn nnN\y tin 



.">nw nmpn bD tin n£r>pm no^v tin ni">mn\y nwbo nwinnn ">nop npon 

^niD\y .m»no onoi^n nbion ,m^im m^onn ,twvi pn^ n^n ^ibno 7i3n 

."oimon \Dsvr\ bv ~iwn nnnm ">nmn .nomo id bv mio wki ^n^on 

,o"ipo bDi ovod *>r\ip*>2 ,36 p .no n^wo h*? ^nv^D ,nwvo mwvb i^~i o n*>n 

,-i">\yb 7m o -niv n^n nwivn .o^n boD ,mo->p30PNi ">n">">n ,t> nip bon 

.n^in npnoinn b\y nmviNrini dwti 71110 nnno ^nob 

71-iDn bnt>n bvi Npop rn^nb b\y bipn bv ,ib\y nn^nDn bv ,Np^p bv ^niwn 

jra ppo nnN\y mm rwvb ,niN t> idd n*03 pN on .Npop nvnb Nbi 

.Npop b\y n">po\yn\y n^ow nprf? iod n^ 
,bbD 710 ,onpin nv~i bbD ^n^n Nb 71^01 7po nnnN bONb ^nobnn 

.01303 nwmnn ->^n 71~id n">n i^o .bONbo ->nv303 

- bDwn *nn notion \yo\y iini bno\y inbwo )>vr\ ^h Nip - »ind i3n3N" 
".bONb n^in no o">mm iP">n Nb biN pbnn nn 7b i3o^n od" 



pn ,ynv\ ijiini ,iwm dt bv Jtom minN no naio ,nb bDi pn* "pinon 

.\yib\y nnnooQ nnoN 

Npin npon nnnNb nN\y ">nvT> Nb ">mv "on .o^pv onn ">n\y\?bi wmv 

.pbvm ytorto y\nxn vnnwnw b*mn pi *?v^b ^riDbn ovn:> .or>n 

pifl b\y ,jpn*u ">nbn ovm ,n\yt>n nvunn ">nijn "oni nnno ">b o<nn run on 

m3 tt> Nto -nnNb ">riD\yD ,inbi\yn *?k nsbnn nnN ">nDbn - »? ^hn» 

.->nn\y"nm 

o">nd3d nQ"o bvn ^w .nvmmvn rrnQN - "pvman bv od^ wjano "on» 

,onono ooo ,o->vmQ ,vna pin^i on^vy i±no ^in b\y pinn bbo owi 

•inbiwi o'omm invn ono vn onniN 

tin i-p»nn tiv ntwn onnn - »nro b\y o">vn od^ nt?nb now w> 

no ifjKvyi ono*>vn omun mvm mo ,o\y3nn ,ip3n\yn on .omvnonn 

.o->\yp o">binb mio\yn nvnwvn 

-Dion >\yv» nN boob on ">npt7">n .nnnn mvunn ">nnnnvi nnn nbn ">nbnQ 

.vnnntn oinb onw ^vrb w ,(oin otpo onn nbv Nin) nnn ononnn 

wn .m mn ovnm p^nn vnob .yon vbvb - »wm invo oin nnN ,vn\y" 

■on .->b yoHn ,ovo nn">n\y nn n^ nn npian» = ^onoq tno ovm ,»bN iro 

nmpion nnn>nn !on .vnnn *nt£ nnnj n^vy mnowwn ,nnvon \y>ND\y ,v*n"> 

INd .mn\yn Nb xn oi\y\y -pm Tmnb ,nninn noN ,no*n nN ^ nwo ub\y 

hntji nn\y n^inn nN mnnb ivwq m Torfr in h^wtn <pbnnb bp3 

nrn "bN pnnn wn - ".nupvnb Nb ,o->vmb d^ow upon .npon nnmn 

,pn\y *>bDp ,nn\yio i\yn ,oi">n -iwn nNi3 Nin irw -i^inQ nQD ">nn\yn ^ni wv 

.mnifln nvmivw mvn^N bv nn^ nnnD mvno 

niiob nt7ja 111 nwv Nb ^iinan) pt»n "pwDn - "nn\yN-in ywja wa» 

,nobnn \yin3 otnd wn nnwin .nvnn yby nwin ^N" - (nNQnn onb mono 

wio ">3N ,)ho wt nN ^ipvb n">t7">3 Nb nnw ,wnw ov ivy> ,nvm ">qiq-iv 

113JP 1^D">N 1ND 0">\WN .7">Tn J1111D TpflTlb ltP«5N1 T\V^> ~\T\m 121"? blD"' ">3N\y 

.anwjn own b\y bo-iv ,bbQ b\y iwv ipo .p" 1 ^ ^ ,n*^ON bio3 nnn 

o">vonb b^-iw ">m .nTiDbQD it bv noon^ ind w*nt7 nv^nw nv^nn = Nmnb 

mo nin3 Ninvy n^w^n nN nn^o Nin ,*ynno mvnn ,imv nN o^o^i 

b\y nmuo>ni o»tn\y nnvn Nb iton ,nwinnn nnnnn <im b^o ,o->\y3Nn 

on*>nn3 nN i^ani onnwD ,onnnn nN o^vo Nin ,vnon *pin .io^v 

-pnm .inw o">dpo ">3N 7^\y mpm .v»on Nn Nin oo">v\y nbN b\y o^p^n 

n-ivon bw nsnvn nn->npn ,-f^\y n^wn nnwo^nn ,nbn->p\y *ywnn ,o">">vnon 

niTn^ .no unnb bp ,in^ ^n pN bnN .i^bv p^vb *ynw iionb nnn obo - 

7nv^n nN o^npn i3n3N .p^ Nb .ino w ,mp^nt?n Ipm ^nti ,n">vno 

ov ,pnot7^m na^Nnan nwyan .rb o^win nnowm muin ">\ynn nnnan 

»."n\yoNn oipnn p-iwn ^^v nnaan 

o->onDn pom n noon ^ nN nnm ,">nbN\y - "? pipn nN vi^ odd ->q" 

.npi^m o loom inwi on^o o">onQ "i^bnn on .n^bv nnnnvy 

w\vp .o^n on ,ppn nN ">n~iD^n\y ovo bon bnN ,bNi\y ->3n no ">nvT Nb 

np^mija nasi on^nvyavy ">od ,nm\yn ^i^n bbDb nbNn mnunn nN ^ipn^ 

.nnno ^nQ>b .on^v bpnb ^nnonn Nb ^mnon .n^nwo-iN n*pam 

n^ n*>nn nnN\y io\yn" = nni^D itnnn iQipon m vdvd Nin .)WHi 12m pt»n 

».*Tiinon ov oo*>t»n bv onb vmavy 
,pnut7">PDn ,ODnN w ,wn mo ">3N\y in\yn"> on .obivb ^ wow Nb on" 

».oim p~i nnno nvrt7 nbn->vy itto nnn 



,mnta inwQ vmtn v^h ia-dtid -pinom nmnm <ivav pt?n .rnoQb ">nvbp 

n">\ypn pon .o^opn orproni ^np-ovrin tt> .ro^pa ti va tin tjioo 

dm *a vnt> nvow o^d o">oiq ">n <t>vqi ova ho wn-d *n ,nb nmvyro 

mm tin o»t? -pnnon .*m ">to o->oon on y>N\y ,vwvb dqq p^\y nwinnn 

.vm bv 112*1 mv^vy b\y nvnN ,wtm minN iv\m*i 

ODt7lD\y Dtt bV pNDI NbQ nilH ppb y\X)T& 0">Q">Dt7Q UPON" : *1»N ))VT\ 

nrm ">nbn mm o^mw uroN ,vro .mipan roinb *mro\y "wro biN .i^ra 

.pbv imt- wrmm \>iw ynrp vtpd 12b ropo vt .dvt -it-ona jiviuw 

nvin bv rtapno Nbn nppvn bv yipb iAt>b n-iDnn\y mo>)a wn tin 7b *rit?ro 

».*py*o»i7 prvn uirnino nviuw jiww -wri y)H ub fit-Tin rmw - rpwvw 
V3Dnb ^qnqd nvin nowAnn on*OA bv .*pAio yi»a\yn rmoN - »rpyn oi\y iw 

."3ao dn^ -pnoni-- ^o^m nbiriQ mvi~iA mipnn 



)in .XIV 

niA"> o»b;n mAD nb vm mop nrpn wr\ .nnw ^n^n *oni nww t> mb\y mv:i 

.pbn -on bv mno m^npi ~i\y3\y -nrw *iv>\yi 

pN tin ny*om npn\y .innNb in ^mn pn ,iinn "oa^ d^q mm Nb wn 

v*?mv i"} riTQ^ri ,n*TDV ^riDinn *>r\imvi ,"b\) nnnnn n^pn nbw o^rrpn 

,y\Dt>vb *onn nQbvriQ wnvn ,p inN .v*nn tin in n^Apm rb\) von irpNb 

.Jivowi Tbir\ t\h rpinN rmpi iinno r\nx> 
.nnw nb\y\y ">q bvi rbv p^nn ovmn bv ^nivyn .mpnn ">nonm ">n> bv ">nnD\y 
,p inN .nbw ~i\ynn ovv? tin ">rn:^ .rm^ mo">Di -nnwn rmisnD n^bv ^rinwn 
.">3qq nnw t)xip)2 ,t\mmk ">nnbpnm ">nQp ,nb">ni ^ipn 
idd ,nou"iwn tin mnwQ ,ntw\y i^\y npvi^pQn bn^ .~iDia ">v*on vn o">\y3 
nvn b\y rv\y n n">n n^ .np3N3 n"? ,rfr>n n~io^ Nb n .roi^n rawnb ^pd^ pia 

.oia nrpn ^h .o">>o b\y Nb ,v~m 
'*d ribAipQ nD">Q\y pvvy ">bn ,nn n3 pb id ,nv±ntt nn">n n^Qn ,*iin^ ">ni\y\yD 

.otro ~iinQ v^\y mun ^n^n t£> -iid .nn^nQ 
.rnD^ tin pinDb hd o^nn^i ">ri33w 

n>N\ynn mo\y>an .XV 

npvw moibnoi nbin d^-ia^wd ,">3n-i^n mvwn mbn vinnnb ">npAt?n Nb 
o">m ,nAA")3nQn vnonn rn\y-i\y = o^mnn ^bn o">o-iad .nn^Q nnw 

.riA^-in bv obAin o">\yp"o 



mA^nn o">\yinb ,nTn3nQn nbin tin on^Abft o^atih ,nnb ip3D3 owik ">3\y 

on^T ,t^ bDQ ir\H ^ri^Qri Tb n^V3 on .nwnp nvn nn o^ahq ,mbn 

.mnNb o->n^Q oribw o^inDn n^n^Qn ">vtdi mmb\y 

"? odn ">Q" : ^Tt>Kv .">vno 7\yQn ,\ypnnQ t> r\nx tqvod .">mnA ^b\y ~i:m ">3n 

.niv p">upbAi d^ivq ,mbn> nnivri ip^n om 

Vm ."ninNn iwidi n^ bN n^ "daa-dtid t>\) mibQm ^ni rn^v^ n^-Dm wvi 

~\^ht\ ,vibori nmnD ,o\y = o^iad dn w^qv o\*n -iia^ oh-iwq jra ^ot 

.d"wq ->n\yn h"? n^-nn^n nb^wn bbn .nvwon nmvn in^ri ,ri3HQb nv^nn 

.yvn b\y miD nwinn ">i nbnbn on^vn ^riQb")^") ^nowAinwD p~i 



monn ."odd mininvy o^ann t\k t?oim o\y-i o^pv 01101 rfriao Nb "> niton 

ii*v\y 'o .istnnm ym lobpn poion tin n\ymn nvp^ni p»m onn Nim 

nnnD mvn^N v>*bv> mm onm - n^ii p - -imp v^n ompmi *o**v 'Jiw 

1*in*o mini iwo ,ihn ihtoo bN 'jiw "pro .dinid nmNi "nvy mi 

.pN» ^tm i*mt?o bN mmmo jdjiq rmiim u">bv ,im">tn .ninioa 

.^\y Nun mn ,na>»i*ijQ i*n ^h <^p\yn\y i* "m pin *o<£ wqq ,in*pn 

vm bv iibm ^ n*om mosn ,bmn rbi t\h nn£j ,oint> mm ">i \mn imt>n 

o^twD .pwpwi npnn ntnpn mini ribm tin pio p mN .njih iiri bN 

.*iiiit>an 1*1101 pmnm <piv "brx mon ,bivib 

: njii p inw ^bpno p^omo honi nvm^n rbn ">mmnn mm ny\y 

\yaii ,*>\*»fn>. •nwiiwoi o^nn o^ro ,nipioi nmmv nm ,nn\y ">nm nipn 

m^io pwN»i t7*»ao nn\y pirn pN