THE BRONTE SISTERS 9 married in 1812, Mr. Bronte being at that time curate at Hartshead. Six children were born of the marriage in rapid succession: in Hartshead, Maria (1813) and Elizabeth (1815); in Thornton, a remote and hilly village north-west of Bradford, Charlotte (1816), Patrick Branweli (1817), Emily Jane (1818) and Anne "(1820). In 1820 Mr. Bronte became incumbent of Haworth, a still more remote village, farther to the north-west and therefore set amongst the higher and wilder hills of the Pennine Range; in 1821 Mrs. Bronte died, and her sister Elizabeth Branweli from Corn- wall stayed in Haworth to look after the motherless children. These facts already constitute a series of important clues to the understanding of the Brontes. It will be observed that their parents, born in Ireland and Cornwall respectively, were both of Celtic stock, and both Patrick and Maria had a good measure of the picturesque eloquence, the flowing ease of speech, which is one of the Celtic characteristics. Both had been touched by the revival of religious fervour and enthusiasm begun in England by John Wesley and his Methodist followers in the previous century. Maria BranweiTs family were prominent Methodists in a county where Methodism had strong hold, while Mr. Bronte, though never a professed Methodist, and not given to emotional piety, was in his youth an earnest Evangelical clergyman frequenting Methodist society, whose phrases in his early writings often echo contemporary Methodist speech. His children, except the pious gentle Anne, show hostility to Methodism, perhaps because their somewhat rigid and narrow aunt professed it, perhaps because by their day the separation between Methodism and the Established Anglican Church had become more definite, and Methodist chapel and school formed a kind of opposition to their father's Anglican, ministry in Haworth. But a strong religious feeling, coupled with the belief in self-improvement by reading and study which Wesley inculcated, characterized the Bronte household climate during their early formative years.