THE BRONTES 55 to all outward appearances3 resuming the even, but dull, tenor of parsonage life1; at the same time, as the mass of Angrian literature written during these years shows, reabsorbed to an ex- traordinary extent in the imaginary world of her own and BranwelPs creation. It was now that Lord Arthur Adrian Augustus Wellesley, Marquis of Douro, Duke of Zamorna began to be the supreme figure (the Duke of Wellington receding into the background whither he emerged at times to preside over family gatherings as in the last scene of The Spell), and engaged in deadly political rivalry with BranwelPs tool, Percy, Earl of North- angerland, married, it will be remembered, to the terrifying Lady Zenobia. To the astonishing output of this time. Charlotte and Branwell are said to have contributed about equally. Miss Fanny Ratchford, the Bronte Research student of the Wrenn Library, University of Texas, writes in an article in the Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, Vol. XLIII (1928) : " From the very foundation of Verdopolis, Branwell had added his effusions to his sister's, introducing some very interesting, if incongruous elements. It was he who brought revolution and war into Verdopolitan politics and created the 1 In July 1832, Charlotte wrote from Haworth to Ellen Nussey : " An account of one day is an account of all. In the morning, from nine o'clock till half-past twelve, I instruct my sisters and draw ; then we walk till dinner-time. After dinner, I sew till tea-time, and after tea, I either write, read, or do a little fancy work, or draw, as I please. Thus, in one delightful, though somewhat monotonous, course, my life is spent, I have been out only twice to tea since I came home. We are expecting company this afternoon, and on Tuesday next, we shall have aU the female teachers of the Sunday school to tea,"