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THE   BRONTES                        55
to all outward appearances3 resuming the even,
but dull, tenor of parsonage life1; at the same
time, as the mass of Angrian literature written
during these years shows, reabsorbed to an ex-
traordinary extent in the imaginary world of her
own and BranwelPs creation. It was now that
Lord Arthur Adrian Augustus Wellesley, Marquis
of Douro, Duke of Zamorna began to be the
supreme figure (the Duke of Wellington receding
into the background whither he emerged at times
to preside over family gatherings as in the last
scene of The Spell), and engaged in deadly political
rivalry with BranwelPs tool, Percy, Earl of North-
angerland, married, it will be remembered, to
the terrifying Lady Zenobia. To the astonishing
output of this time. Charlotte and Branwell are
said to have contributed about equally. Miss
Fanny Ratchford, the Bronte Research student of
the Wrenn Library, University of Texas, writes
in an article in the Publications of the Modern
Language Association of America, Vol. XLIII
(1928) : " From the very foundation of Verdopolis,
Branwell had added his effusions to his sister's,
introducing some very interesting, if incongruous
elements. It was he who brought revolution and
war into Verdopolitan politics and created the
1 In July 1832, Charlotte wrote from Haworth to Ellen
Nussey : " An account of one day is an account of all. In the
morning, from nine o'clock till half-past twelve, I instruct my
sisters and draw ; then we walk till dinner-time. After dinner,
I sew till tea-time, and after tea, I either write, read, or do a
little fancy work, or draw, as I please. Thus, in one delightful,
though somewhat monotonous, course, my life is spent, I have
been out only twice to tea since I came home. We are expecting
company this afternoon, and on Tuesday next, we shall have aU
the female teachers of the Sunday school to tea,"