Pronouncing the words of the faith, and joining
to the words the belief in their truth; these are
.the actions of the law. The tasbih, " rosary;" the
tahlil, " praise of God;'9 the being constantly em-
ployed in the verbal commemoration of the attributes
of God; the guarding of the heart from temptation:
this is the business of tarikat, " religious rule."
To keep the fast of the month Ramazan, and to
abstain from eating, drinking, and sexual inter-
course; this is the business of sheridt, <l the law."
Fasting beyond the demands of duty; not filling the
belly, but training it to a scanty diet; and re-
straining the body from what is bad: this is the
business of tarikat.
The Zacat, " stated alms," and the giving of the
tithe, is the business of sheridt; but the distribution
of food and raiment to the fakirs and performers of
fasts, and the taking by the hand the distressed, is
the business of tarikat.
To perform the circuit around the house of the
friend of God,1 and to be free from wickedness, and
crime, and warring, is the business of the sheridt;
but to perform, the circuit of the house of the friend
of God, to wit the heart,2 to combat bodily propen-
religious fasting; 4. Haj, " the pilgrimage;" 5. Zacat, *' the stated
1 Abraham, the supposed builder of the Kabah.
2 We find in the fifth sermon of Sadi: '• He who travels to the Kabah
ou foot makes the circuit of the Kabah; but he who makes the pilgrimage