64 " porary matrimonial unions, from the Mazhda- "kian."1 All the Shiahs have founded their creed upon two rules: the first is the Bedas (Vedas); these were promulgated with the view to surround us with power and magnificence, or with the modes of happiness, which brilliant prospects have not been realized; it was said that the lord of divine ma- jesty dictated the Veda. The second rule is godli- ness ; by which men are freed from all the propensi- ties of nature. The Shiahs are of this persuasion; and when they are asked about the manner of it, they say: By means of godliness we experience the non-reality of exterior things. The Veda treats of theology, and of what may appear contrary to divinity; it explains the will2 which on the part of the perverse may be mani- fested contrary to the will of the (supreme) judge. The Veda moreover treats of practice: when an action tends towards one thing, and when, after or before its accomplishment, it turns towards some- thing else. 4 See vol. I. p. 377. 2 jtolj I ira'det, " will" (upon this word see an explanation hereafter); it is one of the names of the first minister, or of the universal intelli- gence in the mystic language of the Druzes (see Chrestom.Ar., tome II. p. 243). This sect belongs to the Ismailahs, who appear to have bor- rowed much from the Indian philosophy.