91 teenth year,they were found to be dumb; which made it evident, that letters and language are not natural to man, that is, cannot be used unless they have been acquired by instruction, and it is then only that the use of conversation becomes possible. From this the conclusion was drawn, that the world is very ancient, and language of a long date, whence the Brahmans derive arguments founded upon rea- son and testimony for the truth of their religion and the futility of others. The crown of the pious Shaikh Taj-ed-din, the son of Shaikh Zakria Jondeheni Dahluvi, explained the exterior rites of the mystic doctrine; the system of the unity of the real being; and the precepts of the religion of Pharaoh, which is the Fes us ul hikem, the " bezels of philosophers/'1 and the superiority of hope over fear. His Majesty Akbar liked the mode in which the Kings of Ajem performed worship; the Sufis, acknowledging holy personages as represent- ing the Khalifs of the age, used to prostrate them- selves before them, touching the ground with their foreheads; this was intended to mark the secret meaning that the angels had once adored Adam. The truth is, that the wise are the terrestrial angels, who worship an holy personage as a Khalifaih, " vi- " car," of God; and for having attained to this dig- 1 This is a work of Mohi eddin Ibn Arabi, who died in the year of the Hejira 638 (A. D. 4240), of whom hereafter.