.heaven. The fifth is the hazerdt jdmdh,[ u the pre- " sence of the Test/' and this is the universe in an extensive, and mankind in a restricted, accepta- tion. 2 The Siifis besides say: The world is life and intel- lect, as far as the mineral kingdom ; but the mani- festation of intellect in every body is determined by the temperature of the human constitution. Some- times bounty attains an excellence which is uttered with ecstacy, and becomes a modulation more pow- erful than that wiiich strikes the ear: and this is the 2 This is a very abstruse doctrine. To throw more light upon it, I shall subjoin the explanation given by Jorjani upon this subject, accord- ing to the French translation of SHvestre de Saoy (see Not. et Ext. de$ MSS., vol. X. p. 66): " The five divine .presences are: 1. the presence of the absolute absence (or mystery]; its world is the world of the fixed sub- stances in the scientific presence (see pp. 223, 224, note 2). To the pre- sence of the absolute mystery is opposed:—2. the presence of the absolute assistance; its world is that named Aalem al mulk (that is, the world of the throne or seat of God, of the four elemental natures); 3. the presence of the relative absence; this is divided into two parts: the one, 3. nearer- the presence of the absolute mystery.; the world of which is that of spi- rits, which belong to what is called jabrut and malkut, that is, of intelli- gences and of bare souls; the other: 4. nearer the presence of the abso- lute assistance; and the world of which is that of models "(images), called Aalem al mulkut; 5. the presence which comprises the four pre- ceding ones; and its world is the world of mankind, a world which re- unites all the worlds, and all they contain." This statement differs some- what from that of our text; to exhibit and to develop, in all their varia- tions, the systems of Stifism is far beyond the compass of these notes, and would require a separate work.