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sagacious declare: Pharaoh was worthy of the name
of God, and In him the establishment of divinity
gained predominance, as well as in Moses the esta-
blishment of divine mission. On that account the
lord Imam of the professors of divine unity, the
Shaikh Jf ahi-eddin gave in several of his compositions
the proof of Pharaoh's faith, and declared him to
be a worthy object of veneration, as well as Moses.
It is said also, that the land of Arafat * signifies
the land, which is sought by those who made a vow,
and conceived the desire, of pilgrimage, and with
their face turned towards this land, with the utmost
effort and endeavor proceed upon their way and
journey; if in this country they meet with the day
of Arirfah, that is, " the ninth day of the moon,"
and accomplish the pilgrimage, they are then con-
sidered as having become pilgrims, and to have

1 Arafat is a mountain not far from Mecca. Muhammedans be-
lieve that Adam and Eve, having been, separated to perform penance,
searched for each other during a hundred and twenty or two hundred
years, until at last they met again upon the mountain Arafah, the
name of which is derived from the Arabian verb " to know " This is
one of the etymologies of this name; I omit others relating to Abra-
ham (see D'Ohsson, t. II. pp. 80-86). This mountain, in the pilgrim-
age to Mecca, is one of the principal sacred stations, which the pilgrims
cannot enter without having taken the Ihhram, or " penitential veil," on
the first day of the moon Zilhajah (the last of the Arabian year); on the
9th day of the same month, called also yum-Arafak, " the day of know-
4 ledge," they arrive at Arafah, where they perform their devotions until
after sunset, and then proceed to Mecca to execute the sacred rites men-
tioned pp. 408-409, note 2.

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